Period
to 17 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 17 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 51 48 44
Rank change year-on-year -3 -4 -7
Contract jobs citing Degree 3,503 4,296 4,364
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.51% 4.56% 4.78%
As % of the Qualifications category 22.51% 24.51% 25.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,057 2,449 2,729
England median daily rate £475 £450 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +4.76%
10th Percentile £258 £281 £260
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +5.79%
Number of hourly rates quoted 215 243 225
England median hourly rate £45.00 £38.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.44% +18.73% +18.52%
10th Percentile £15.26 £13.75 £12.20
90th Percentile £73.75 £52.50 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £36.50 £31.93
% change year-on-year +16.44% +14.33% +16.09%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 15,565 17,526 17,200
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.02% 18.58% 18.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,584 10,385 10,473
England median daily rate £468 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.94% +5.88% +1.80%
10th Percentile £263 £250 £240
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 712 863 811
England median hourly rate £36.00 £25.00 £26.87
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +44.00% -6.94% +5.35%
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.80 £12.00
90th Percentile £62.38 £51.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £36.70 £25.00 £27.50
% change year-on-year +46.80% -9.09% -

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Degree in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 1,719 £500 - 1,025
South East +3 793 £450 +5.88% 686
North of England -25 307 £425 +3.03% 466
East of England +22 252 £413 -2.94% 474
South West -17 233 £450 +12.50% 355
Midlands +1 186 £425 - 379
North West -21 152 £450 +12.50% 262
West Midlands -1 117 £438 -2.78% 228
Yorkshire -15 102 £400 -11.11% 145
East Midlands -5 68 £420 +0.90% 148
North East 0 54 £463 +8.82% 59
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,168 (33.34%) Computer Science
2 1,143 (32.63%) Agile Software Development
3 895 (25.55%) Finance
4 642 (18.33%) Microsoft
5 599 (17.10%) Analytical Skills
6 575 (16.41%) Computer Science Degree
7 573 (16.36%) SQL
8 514 (14.67%) Problem-Solving
9 492 (14.05%) Java
10 477 (13.62%) Python
11 460 (13.13%) Project Management
12 450 (12.85%) JavaScript
13 440 (12.56%) Mathematics
14 420 (11.99%) Azure
15 405 (11.56%) Windows
16 372 (10.62%) Security Cleared
17 363 (10.36%) Analytics
18 346 (9.88%) ITIL
19 344 (9.82%) Linux
20 341 (9.73%) Scrum
21 328 (9.36%) Software Engineering
22 311 (8.88%) C#
23 306 (8.74%) DevOps
24 284 (8.11%) Git (software)
25 282 (8.05%) SC Cleared
26 276 (7.88%) Microsoft Office
27 266 (7.59%) AWS
28 263 (7.51%) HTML
29 259 (7.39%) User Experience
30 250 (7.14%) SQL Server

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 124 (3.54%) Apache Spark
2 121 (3.45%) SharePoint
3 75 (2.14%) Confluence
4 68 (1.94%) Skype for Business
5 56 (1.60%) Apache
6 48 (1.37%) SAS
7 47 (1.34%) Elasticsearch
8 39 (1.11%) MS Exchange
9 36 (1.03%) IIS
10 26 (0.74%) CMS
11 23 (0.66%) Jupyter
12 22 (0.63%) Tomcat
13 15 (0.43%) BizTalk Server
14 13 (0.37%) JBoss
15 11 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 10 (0.29%) Exchange Server 2010
16 10 (0.29%) Exchange Server 2013
16 10 (0.29%) WebLogic
17 9 (0.26%) ArcGIS
18 8 (0.23%) OpenStack
Applications
1 276 (7.88%) Microsoft Office
2 250 (7.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 134 (3.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 45 (1.28%) Microsoft Project
5 44 (1.26%) MS Visio
6 32 (0.91%) Sketch
7 19 (0.54%) Photoshop
8 17 (0.49%) InVision
9 15 (0.43%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 15 (0.43%) SPSS
10 13 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
11 12 (0.34%) Adobe Illustrator
12 10 (0.29%) Simulink
12 10 (0.29%) Zeplin
13 9 (0.26%) AutoCAD
13 9 (0.26%) Stateflow
14 7 (0.20%) Stata
15 5 (0.14%) Adobe Premiere
15 5 (0.14%) Figma
15 5 (0.14%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 21 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.40%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 11 (0.31%) SAP HR
4 10 (0.29%) Oracle Receivables
5 9 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
5 9 (0.26%) Temenos T24
6 8 (0.23%) BusinessWorks
6 8 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
6 8 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
7 7 (0.20%) FINCAD Analytics
7 7 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
7 7 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
7 7 (0.20%) SAP HCM
8 6 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
8 6 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
8 6 (0.17%) SAP ERP
8 6 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 5 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
9 5 (0.14%) Primavera
9 5 (0.14%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 420 (11.99%) Azure
2 266 (7.59%) AWS
3 171 (4.88%) Office 365
4 117 (3.34%) SaaS
5 107 (3.05%) Power Platform
6 104 (2.97%) PaaS
7 96 (2.74%) IaaS
8 85 (2.43%) GCP
9 73 (2.08%) Serverless
10 55 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
11 48 (1.37%) Azure Active Directory
12 43 (1.23%) GitHub
13 37 (1.06%) Amazon S3
14 30 (0.86%) AWS Lambda
14 30 (0.86%) Dynamics 365
15 28 (0.80%) Amazon EC2
16 27 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
16 27 (0.77%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 25 (0.71%) OpenShift
18 24 (0.69%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 156 (4.45%) Firewall
2 134 (3.83%) Internet
3 114 (3.25%) TCP/IP
4 110 (3.14%) DNS
5 90 (2.57%) VPN
6 86 (2.46%) WAN
7 81 (2.31%) Skype
8 80 (2.28%) LAN
9 71 (2.03%) Wireless
10 64 (1.83%) Ethernet
11 52 (1.48%) DHCP
12 51 (1.46%) SAN
13 49 (1.40%) Network Security
14 39 (1.11%) NAS
15 37 (1.06%) MPLS
16 32 (0.91%) HTTP
17 31 (0.88%) BGP
18 30 (0.86%) Reverse Proxy
19 27 (0.77%) Intranet
20 26 (0.74%) Radio Access Network
Database & Business Intelligence
1 250 (7.14%) SQL Server
2 172 (4.91%) Big Data
3 111 (3.17%) Hadoop
4 105 (3.00%) Power BI
5 103 (2.94%) Data Warehouse
6 85 (2.43%) MySQL
7 84 (2.40%) Relational Database
8 80 (2.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 78 (2.23%) NoSQL
10 64 (1.83%) MongoDB
11 46 (1.31%) Azure SQL Database
12 42 (1.20%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 38 (1.08%) Apache Cassandra
14 36 (1.03%) Amazon Redshift
14 36 (1.03%) Oracle Database
14 36 (1.03%) PostgreSQL
15 35 (1.00%) Data Mining
16 34 (0.97%) Cosmos DB
17 33 (0.94%) Data Lake
18 31 (0.88%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 284 (8.11%) Git (software)
2 171 (4.88%) Jenkins
3 157 (4.48%) JIRA
4 89 (2.54%) Visual Studio
5 56 (1.60%) Selenium
6 49 (1.40%) Cucumber
7 48 (1.37%) Eclipse
8 44 (1.26%) Maven
9 40 (1.14%) Team Foundation Server
10 34 (0.97%) NetBeans
10 34 (0.97%) Visual Studio Team System
11 31 (0.88%) TeamCity
12 29 (0.83%) Subversion
12 29 (0.83%) webpack
13 28 (0.80%) Rational DOORS
14 26 (0.74%) Bitbucket
15 25 (0.71%) Gradle
16 20 (0.57%) JUnit
16 20 (0.57%) SpecFlow
17 15 (0.43%) Hudson
General
1 895 (25.55%) Finance
2 217 (6.19%) Banking
3 187 (5.34%) Telecoms
4 183 (5.22%) Marketing
5 170 (4.85%) Public Sector
6 125 (3.57%) Retail
7 117 (3.34%) Front Office
8 98 (2.80%) Legal
9 84 (2.40%) Manufacturing
10 73 (2.08%) Electronics
11 68 (1.94%) Aerospace
12 65 (1.86%) Investment Banking
13 63 (1.80%) Military
14 60 (1.71%) Pharmaceutical
15 55 (1.57%) Publishing
16 50 (1.43%) Advertising
16 50 (1.43%) Back Office
17 45 (1.28%) Financial Institution
18 44 (1.26%) Law
19 38 (1.08%) Games
Job Titles
1 676 (19.30%) Developer
2 483 (13.79%) Analyst
3 265 (7.56%) Architect
4 183 (5.22%) Project Manager
5 151 (4.31%) Business Analyst
6 137 (3.91%) Consultant
7 111 (3.17%) Software Engineer
8 104 (2.97%) Designer
9 103 (2.94%) Java Developer
10 102 (2.91%) Data Scientist
11 89 (2.54%) Data Engineer
12 87 (2.48%) Solutions Architect
13 82 (2.34%) Data Analyst
14 78 (2.23%) Senior Developer
15 76 (2.17%) IT Manager
16 74 (2.11%) Software Developer
17 69 (1.97%) User Researcher
18 68 (1.94%) C# Developer
19 60 (1.71%) .NET Developer
19 60 (1.71%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 263 (7.51%) HTML
2 247 (7.05%) .NET
3 235 (6.71%) Web Services
4 217 (6.19%) CSS
5 193 (5.51%) React
6 161 (4.60%) AngularJS
7 152 (4.34%) REST
8 137 (3.91%) Node.js
9 136 (3.88%) XML
10 97 (2.77%) Kafka
11 91 (2.60%) RESTful
12 88 (2.51%) Spring
13 85 (2.43%) JSON
14 78 (2.23%) HTML5
15 70 (2.00%) SOAP
16 59 (1.68%) .NET Framework
17 57 (1.63%) .NET Core
17 57 (1.63%) Redux
18 53 (1.51%) ASP.NET
19 50 (1.43%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 599 (17.10%) Analytical Skills
2 259 (7.39%) User Experience
3 244 (6.97%) Management Information System
4 159 (4.54%) Self-Motivation
5 134 (3.83%) Algorithms
6 110 (3.14%) Data Centre
7 98 (2.80%) Data Structures
8 84 (2.40%) Mobile App
9 67 (1.91%) Public Cloud
10 66 (1.88%) Virtual Team
11 62 (1.77%) Greenfield Project
12 58 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
13 56 (1.60%) Hedge funds
14 43 (1.23%) Replication
15 38 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 38 (1.08%) Social Media
16 37 (1.06%) Embedded Systems
16 37 (1.06%) NHS
17 33 (0.94%) Driving Licence
18 32 (0.91%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 405 (11.56%) Windows
2 344 (9.82%) Linux
3 114 (3.25%) Unix
4 103 (2.94%) Windows Server
5 91 (2.60%) Windows 10
6 63 (1.80%) Android
7 51 (1.46%) Apple iOS
8 45 (1.28%) Windows 7
9 29 (0.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 29 (0.83%) Windows Server 2008
10 26 (0.74%) Windows Server 2012
11 21 (0.60%) Windows Server 2003
12 15 (0.43%) Ubuntu
13 13 (0.37%) Mac OS
14 11 (0.31%) Mac OS X
15 9 (0.26%) Solaris
16 8 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
16 8 (0.23%) VMS
17 7 (0.20%) CentOS
17 7 (0.20%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,168 (33.34%) Computer Science
2 1,143 (32.63%) Agile Software Development
3 514 (14.67%) Problem-Solving
4 460 (13.13%) Project Management
5 440 (12.56%) Mathematics
6 363 (10.36%) Analytics
7 346 (9.88%) ITIL
8 341 (9.73%) Scrum
9 328 (9.36%) Software Engineering
10 306 (8.74%) DevOps
11 238 (6.79%) Stakeholder Management
12 233 (6.65%) Test Automation
13 226 (6.45%) Project Delivery
14 222 (6.34%) Migration
15 213 (6.08%) Decision-Making
16 209 (5.97%) Data Science
17 202 (5.77%) TDD
18 201 (5.74%) Business Intelligence
18 201 (5.74%) Continuous Improvement
18 201 (5.74%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 573 (16.36%) SQL
2 492 (14.05%) Java
3 477 (13.62%) Python
4 450 (12.85%) JavaScript
5 311 (8.88%) C#
6 245 (6.99%) C++
7 182 (5.20%) C
8 132 (3.77%) PowerShell
9 97 (2.77%) R
10 90 (2.57%) Scala
11 76 (2.17%) PHP
12 71 (2.03%) TypeScript
13 56 (1.60%) T-SQL
14 55 (1.57%) Perl
15 47 (1.34%) Bash Shell
16 46 (1.31%) PL/SQL
17 40 (1.14%) Java 8
18 36 (1.03%) Shell Script
19 35 (1.00%) Ruby
20 31 (0.88%) Go
Qualifications
1 575 (16.41%) Computer Science Degree
2 372 (10.62%) Security Cleared
3 282 (8.05%) SC Cleared
4 234 (6.68%) Master's Degree
5 106 (3.03%) Cisco Certification
6 105 (3.00%) CISSP
7 98 (2.80%) Microsoft Certification
8 93 (2.65%) PMI Certification
9 92 (2.63%) PhD
10 76 (2.17%) Numerate Degree
11 75 (2.14%) PMP
12 69 (1.97%) HND
13 64 (1.83%) CISM
14 61 (1.74%) CCNA
15 60 (1.71%) ISEB
16 51 (1.46%) ISTQB
17 50 (1.43%) DV Cleared
17 50 (1.43%) MCSE
18 48 (1.37%) CCNP
19 40 (1.14%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 229 (6.54%) QA
2 92 (2.63%) SLA
3 54 (1.54%) Data Quality
4 53 (1.51%) PMO
5 45 (1.28%) GDPR
6 29 (0.83%) COBIT
7 28 (0.80%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 28 (0.80%) NIST
8 22 (0.63%) PCI DSS
8 22 (0.63%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 11 (0.31%) MISRA
10 9 (0.26%) Actionable Recommendations
10 9 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
10 9 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 7 (0.20%) MiFID
12 6 (0.17%) NCSC
12 6 (0.17%) NIST 800
13 5 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
13 5 (0.14%) IFRS
13 5 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 190 (5.42%) Active Directory
2 178 (5.08%) Docker
3 86 (2.46%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (0.80%) Hyper-V
5 27 (0.77%) Virtual Machines
6 24 (0.69%) Firmware
7 18 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
8 12 (0.34%) vSphere
8 12 (0.34%) XenApp
8 12 (0.34%) XenDesktop
9 7 (0.20%) LXC
10 6 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 5 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
12 4 (0.11%) HDFS
12 4 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
12 4 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
12 4 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
13 3 (0.086%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 3 (0.086%) KVM
13 3 (0.086%) NFS
Systems Management
1 125 (3.57%) Kubernetes
2 79 (2.26%) Ansible
3 59 (1.68%) Terraform
4 56 (1.60%) SCCM
5 53 (1.51%) Puppet
6 40 (1.14%) Single Sign-On
7 27 (0.77%) Opscode Chef
8 23 (0.66%) Microsoft Intune
9 19 (0.54%) Kibana
10 15 (0.43%) Nagios
11 13 (0.37%) Microsoft Clustering
12 11 (0.31%) Prometheus
13 10 (0.29%) Control-M
13 10 (0.29%) Grafana
13 10 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
13 10 (0.29%) SCOM
14 9 (0.26%) WSUS
15 8 (0.23%) Oozie
16 7 (0.20%) Salt
17 6 (0.17%) logstash
Vendors
1 642 (18.33%) Microsoft
2 241 (6.88%) Oracle
3 169 (4.82%) Cisco
4 140 (4.00%) SAP
5 137 (3.91%) VMware
6 125 (3.57%) Google
7 93 (2.65%) Salesforce.com
7 93 (2.65%) Tableau
8 55 (1.57%) Citrix
9 54 (1.54%) Adobe
10 39 (1.11%) Splunk
11 38 (1.08%) ServiceNow
12 34 (0.97%) HP
12 34 (0.97%) Red Hat
13 32 (0.91%) Databricks
14 31 (0.88%) Dell
14 31 (0.88%) NetApp
15 28 (0.80%) EMC
16 27 (0.77%) Juniper
16 27 (0.77%) Workday