Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 48 51 44
Rank change year-on-year +3 -7 -7
Contract jobs citing Degree 2,416 3,965 4,487
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.44% 4.48% 4.85%
As % of the Qualifications category 20.00% 22.90% 25.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,364 2,360 2,770
Median daily rate £450 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +4.65%
10th Percentile £250 £263 £260
90th Percentile £650 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £450 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 174 223 261
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +11.11% +15.29%
10th Percentile £15.75 £17.50 £14.10
90th Percentile £56.25 £53.75 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £39.75 £35.58
% change year-on-year -5.66% +11.72% +15.27%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 12,078 17,312 17,779
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.18% 19.56% 19.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,340 10,455 10,747
Median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £263 £266 £250
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £455 £450
% change year-on-year +4.40% +1.11% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 545 765 802
Median hourly rate £35.00 £32.48 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.78% +38.19% -18.97%
10th Percentile £15.50 £12.55 £12.63
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £33.20 £23.50
% change year-on-year +5.42% +41.28% -18.04%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Daily rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 1,114 £500 - 614
South East +4 463 £403 -10.56% 374
North of England +31 314 £430 +3.61% 239
South West +8 197 £450 +12.50% 200
East of England +13 182 £425 -1.45% 255
North West +10 145 £413 -1.79% 128
Midlands -20 139 £440 -2.22% 192
Yorkshire +64 128 £450 +12.50% 71
West Midlands -11 77 £450 -7.02% 137
East Midlands +1 61 £375 -6.25% 55
North East +27 46 £409 -1.51% 40
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 774 (32.04%) Agile Software Development
2 717 (29.68%) Computer Science
3 540 (22.35%) Finance
4 465 (19.25%) Analytical Skills
5 426 (17.63%) Problem-Solving
6 418 (17.30%) Computer Science Degree
7 388 (16.06%) Java
8 385 (15.94%) SQL
9 384 (15.89%) Microsoft
10 333 (13.78%) Mathematics
11 317 (13.12%) Project Management
12 305 (12.62%) JavaScript
13 304 (12.58%) Python
14 286 (11.84%) Azure
15 253 (10.47%) Security Cleared
16 248 (10.26%) Software Engineering
17 242 (10.02%) C#
18 235 (9.73%) Windows
19 219 (9.06%) Linux
19 219 (9.06%) DevOps
20 216 (8.94%) Analytics
21 210 (8.69%) HTML
22 208 (8.61%) User Experience
23 206 (8.53%) AWS
23 206 (8.53%) ITIL
24 202 (8.36%) Scrum
25 199 (8.24%) Git (software)
26 192 (7.95%) Stakeholder Management
27 188 (7.78%) SC Cleared
28 185 (7.66%) CSS

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 71 (2.94%) Apache Spark
2 59 (2.44%) SharePoint
3 44 (1.82%) SAS
4 30 (1.24%) Confluence
5 28 (1.16%) Apache
6 22 (0.91%) Elasticsearch
7 21 (0.87%) CMS
8 20 (0.83%) IIS
9 17 (0.70%) Jupyter
10 15 (0.62%) WebLogic
11 12 (0.50%) Skype for Business
12 11 (0.46%) MS Exchange
12 11 (0.46%) Tomcat
12 11 (0.46%) WebSphere
13 9 (0.37%) JBoss
14 8 (0.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 8 (0.33%) ArcGIS
14 8 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 6 (0.25%) DNN
15 6 (0.25%) OpenStack
Applications
1 155 (6.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 152 (6.29%) Microsoft Office
3 71 (2.94%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 44 (1.82%) Microsoft Project
5 32 (1.32%) Sketch
6 26 (1.08%) InVision
7 25 (1.03%) MS Visio
8 15 (0.62%) Adobe Illustrator
9 12 (0.50%) Adobe XD
9 12 (0.50%) Photoshop
10 11 (0.46%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 9 (0.37%) SPSS
12 7 (0.29%) Stata
12 7 (0.29%) Windchill
13 6 (0.25%) Chatbot
13 6 (0.25%) OmniGraffle
13 6 (0.25%) Simulink
13 6 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
14 5 (0.21%) 3ds Max
15 4 (0.17%) CINEMA 4D
Business Applications
1 18 (0.75%) BusinessWorks
2 15 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.46%) NetSuite
4 10 (0.41%) Distributed Ledger
4 10 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
5 9 (0.37%) SAP ERP
5 9 (0.37%) SAP S/4HANA
6 6 (0.25%) SAP BPC
6 6 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 5 (0.21%) Cognos TM1
7 5 (0.21%) Primavera
7 5 (0.21%) Teamcenter
8 4 (0.17%) Elite 3E
8 4 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 4 (0.17%) SAP HR
8 4 (0.17%) Sprinklr
8 4 (0.17%) thinkFolio
9 3 (0.12%) Eloqua
9 3 (0.12%) FINCAD Analytics
9 3 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 286 (11.84%) Azure
2 206 (8.53%) AWS
3 98 (4.06%) GCP
4 83 (3.44%) Power Platform
5 75 (3.10%) Office 365
6 71 (2.94%) SaaS
7 55 (2.28%) PaaS
8 44 (1.82%) IaaS
9 39 (1.61%) GitHub
10 33 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
11 24 (0.99%) OpenShift
12 19 (0.79%) Dynamics 365
13 17 (0.70%) Azure Active Directory
13 17 (0.70%) Serverless
14 12 (0.50%) Stackdriver
15 11 (0.46%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 10 (0.41%) Amazon S3
16 10 (0.41%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 9 (0.37%) Amazon EKS
17 9 (0.37%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 85 (3.52%) Firewall
2 66 (2.73%) TCP/IP
3 55 (2.28%) LAN
4 50 (2.07%) WAN
5 48 (1.99%) Wireless
6 47 (1.95%) VPN
7 44 (1.82%) HTTP
8 41 (1.70%) DNS
9 40 (1.66%) Ethernet
10 37 (1.53%) Internet
11 33 (1.37%) VoIP
12 31 (1.28%) Network Security
13 27 (1.12%) 4G
14 26 (1.08%) DHCP
15 22 (0.91%) 3G
15 22 (0.91%) 5G
15 22 (0.91%) LTE
15 22 (0.91%) OSPF
15 22 (0.91%) Radio Access Network
16 21 (0.87%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 184 (7.62%) SQL Server
2 131 (5.42%) Big Data
3 83 (3.44%) Power BI
4 78 (3.23%) Relational Database
5 56 (2.32%) NoSQL
6 55 (2.28%) Data Warehouse
7 47 (1.95%) Hadoop
8 40 (1.66%) MySQL
9 39 (1.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 34 (1.41%) Oracle Database
11 30 (1.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 29 (1.20%) MongoDB
13 24 (0.99%) PostgreSQL
14 22 (0.91%) RDBMS
15 21 (0.87%) Apache Cassandra
16 18 (0.75%) Apache Hive
17 17 (0.70%) QlikView
18 16 (0.66%) HBase
18 16 (0.66%) Spotfire
19 15 (0.62%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 199 (8.24%) Git (software)
2 114 (4.72%) JIRA
3 113 (4.68%) Jenkins
4 46 (1.90%) Visual Studio
5 42 (1.74%) Eclipse
5 42 (1.74%) Maven
6 36 (1.49%) NetBeans
7 27 (1.12%) JUnit
8 22 (0.91%) Selenium
9 21 (0.87%) Team Foundation Server
10 18 (0.75%) Axure RP
11 17 (0.70%) git-flow
12 16 (0.66%) Bitbucket
12 16 (0.66%) Sonatype Nexus
12 16 (0.66%) TeamCity
13 15 (0.62%) Rational DOORS
14 14 (0.58%) Cucumber
14 14 (0.58%) Octopus Deploy
15 13 (0.54%) Balsamiq
15 13 (0.54%) JMeter
General
1 540 (22.35%) Finance
2 151 (6.25%) Banking
3 147 (6.08%) Public Sector
4 119 (4.93%) Telecoms
5 105 (4.35%) Marketing
6 89 (3.68%) Front Office
7 69 (2.86%) Legal
8 64 (2.65%) Aerospace
9 62 (2.57%) Retail
10 59 (2.44%) Military
11 53 (2.19%) Manufacturing
12 52 (2.15%) Investment Banking
13 51 (2.11%) Pharmaceutical
14 31 (1.28%) Electronics
15 29 (1.20%) Back Office
15 29 (1.20%) Games
16 27 (1.12%) Publishing
17 23 (0.95%) Financial Institution
18 22 (0.91%) Law
19 20 (0.83%) German Language
Job Titles
1 491 (20.32%) Developer
2 329 (13.62%) Analyst
3 158 (6.54%) Architect
4 119 (4.93%) Project Manager
5 108 (4.47%) Designer
6 89 (3.68%) Business Analyst
7 88 (3.64%) Consultant
8 86 (3.56%) Java Developer
9 84 (3.48%) C# Developer
10 65 (2.69%) User Researcher
11 56 (2.32%) Data Analyst
12 55 (2.28%) Software Engineer
13 51 (2.11%) Data Scientist
14 48 (1.99%) Solutions Architect
15 47 (1.95%) Data Engineer
16 44 (1.82%) Python Developer
16 44 (1.82%) Support Engineer
17 42 (1.74%) Systems Engineer
18 40 (1.66%) .NET Developer
19 39 (1.61%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 210 (8.69%) HTML
2 185 (7.66%) CSS
3 178 (7.37%) Web Services
4 162 (6.71%) .NET
5 115 (4.76%) XML
6 106 (4.39%) AngularJS
7 102 (4.22%) Node.js
8 97 (4.01%) React
9 77 (3.19%) RESTful
10 69 (2.86%) REST
11 64 (2.65%) Kafka
11 64 (2.65%) Spring
12 63 (2.61%) HTML5
13 59 (2.44%) JSON
14 44 (1.82%) SOAP
15 41 (1.70%) Qt
16 40 (1.66%) jQuery
17 36 (1.49%) TensorFlow
18 35 (1.45%) ASP.NET
18 35 (1.45%) OpenGL
Miscellaneous
1 465 (19.25%) Analytical Skills
2 208 (8.61%) User Experience
3 156 (6.46%) Management Information System
4 107 (4.43%) Self-Motivation
5 80 (3.31%) Algorithms
6 65 (2.69%) Data Centre
7 55 (2.28%) Greenfield Project
8 52 (2.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 49 (2.03%) Mobile App
10 44 (1.82%) Data Structures
11 37 (1.53%) Enterprise Software
12 34 (1.41%) Public Cloud
13 32 (1.32%) Virtual Team
14 31 (1.28%) PMI
15 27 (1.12%) Social Media
16 25 (1.03%) Hedge funds
17 22 (0.91%) Life Science
17 22 (0.91%) NHS
18 20 (0.83%) Derivative
19 17 (0.70%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 235 (9.73%) Windows
2 219 (9.06%) Linux
3 88 (3.64%) Unix
4 59 (2.44%) Windows Server
5 55 (2.28%) Android
5 55 (2.28%) Windows 10
6 48 (1.99%) Apple iOS
7 25 (1.03%) Windows Server 2012
8 22 (0.91%) Windows Server 2008
9 20 (0.83%) Windows 7
10 17 (0.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 9 (0.37%) Windows Server 2016
12 8 (0.33%) Windows Server 2003
13 6 (0.25%) Mac OS X
13 6 (0.25%) VMS
14 5 (0.21%) Embedded Linux
14 5 (0.21%) Mac OS
15 4 (0.17%) AIX
15 4 (0.17%) CentOS
15 4 (0.17%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 774 (32.04%) Agile Software Development
2 717 (29.68%) Computer Science
3 426 (17.63%) Problem-Solving
4 333 (13.78%) Mathematics
5 317 (13.12%) Project Management
6 248 (10.26%) Software Engineering
7 219 (9.06%) DevOps
8 216 (8.94%) Analytics
9 206 (8.53%) ITIL
10 202 (8.36%) Scrum
11 192 (7.95%) Stakeholder Management
12 157 (6.50%) Test Automation
13 156 (6.46%) Change Management
14 153 (6.33%) Business Intelligence
15 148 (6.13%) Decision-Making
16 147 (6.08%) Continuous Integration
17 142 (5.88%) Continuous Improvement
18 132 (5.46%) Project Delivery
19 129 (5.34%) Risk Management
19 129 (5.34%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 388 (16.06%) Java
2 385 (15.94%) SQL
3 305 (12.62%) JavaScript
4 304 (12.58%) Python
5 242 (10.02%) C#
6 125 (5.17%) C
7 120 (4.97%) C++
8 60 (2.48%) Scala
9 51 (2.11%) R
10 50 (2.07%) T-SQL
11 45 (1.86%) PowerShell
12 41 (1.70%) TypeScript
13 38 (1.57%) VBA
14 33 (1.37%) GLSL
15 31 (1.28%) HLSL
16 30 (1.24%) Java 8
16 30 (1.24%) Shell Script
17 26 (1.08%) PHP
18 25 (1.03%) PL/SQL
19 22 (0.91%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 418 (17.30%) Computer Science Degree
2 253 (10.47%) Security Cleared
3 188 (7.78%) SC Cleared
4 176 (7.28%) Master's Degree
5 81 (3.35%) PMI Certification
6 75 (3.10%) CISSP
7 74 (3.06%) Cisco Certification
8 58 (2.40%) Microsoft Certification
9 57 (2.36%) Numerate Degree
10 55 (2.28%) PMP
11 49 (2.03%) PhD
12 45 (1.86%) CISM
13 44 (1.82%) HND
14 39 (1.61%) CCNA
15 37 (1.53%) DV Cleared
16 33 (1.37%) CCNP
17 31 (1.28%) ITIL Certification
18 29 (1.20%) GIAC
19 28 (1.16%) HNC
19 28 (1.16%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 129 (5.34%) QA
2 56 (2.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 53 (2.19%) SLA
4 42 (1.74%) Data Quality
5 41 (1.70%) PMO
6 39 (1.61%) GDPR
7 28 (1.16%) NIST
8 24 (0.99%) PCI DSS
9 18 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 15 (0.62%) COBIT
11 13 (0.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 8 (0.33%) GxP
12 8 (0.33%) NCSC
13 7 (0.29%) IFRS
13 7 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 6 (0.25%) P3O
15 5 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
15 5 (0.21%) DO-254
16 4 (0.17%) Actionable Recommendations
16 4 (0.17%) HL7
System Software
1 100 (4.14%) Docker
2 91 (3.77%) Active Directory
3 40 (1.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.66%) VMware ESXi
5 15 (0.62%) HDFS
6 14 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (0.50%) vSphere
8 10 (0.41%) XenApp
9 7 (0.29%) Firmware
9 7 (0.29%) Hyper-V
10 5 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
11 4 (0.17%) XenDesktop
12 3 (0.12%) NFS
12 3 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
13 2 (0.083%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 2 (0.083%) BitLocker
13 2 (0.083%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.041%) Apache Flume
14 1 (0.041%) OCFS2
14 1 (0.041%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 93 (3.85%) Kubernetes
2 55 (2.28%) Ansible
3 31 (1.28%) Terraform
4 16 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
4 16 (0.66%) Puppet
4 16 (0.66%) SCCM
5 12 (0.50%) Hadoop YARN
6 11 (0.46%) Nessus
7 9 (0.37%) Grafana
7 9 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
8 8 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
8 8 (0.33%) Microsoft Intune
9 7 (0.29%) Kibana
10 6 (0.25%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 6 (0.25%) SnapMirror
11 5 (0.21%) Backup Exec
11 5 (0.21%) Oracle RMAN
12 4 (0.17%) Control-M
12 4 (0.17%) Netcool
12 4 (0.17%) Netcool/OMNIbus
Vendors
1 384 (15.89%) Microsoft
2 161 (6.66%) Oracle
3 96 (3.97%) Google
4 89 (3.68%) SAP
5 72 (2.98%) Cisco
6 70 (2.90%) Tableau
7 53 (2.19%) VMware
8 48 (1.99%) Adobe
9 40 (1.66%) Salesforce.com
10 39 (1.61%) Splunk
11 29 (1.20%) Dell
12 28 (1.16%) Citrix
13 25 (1.03%) Red Hat
14 24 (0.99%) HP
15 21 (0.87%) IBM
16 20 (0.83%) Cognos
17 19 (0.79%) ServiceNow
17 19 (0.79%) TIBCO
18 18 (0.75%) Atlassian
18 18 (0.75%) Juniper