Period
to 19 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 19 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 48 49 45
Rank change year-on-year +1 -4 -3
Contract jobs citing Degree 2,910 4,140 4,501
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.46% 4.57% 4.88%
As % of the Qualifications category 20.75% 23.79% 25.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,700 2,364 2,868
England median daily rate £450 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £262 £275 £263
90th Percentile £675 £638 £647
UK median daily rate £450 £455 £448
% change year-on-year -1.10% +1.68% +6.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 189 211 249
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £33.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +21.21% +20.00%
10th Percentile £15.75 £14.80 £12.70
90th Percentile £58.75 £53.75 £50.25
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £38.51 £32.50
% change year-on-year +10.36% +18.49% +18.93%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 14,024 17,403 17,619
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.49% 19.23% 19.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,694 10,393 10,822
England median daily rate £463 £450 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +1.12% +4.71%
10th Percentile £263 £263 £231
90th Percentile £644 £626 £625
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £430
% change year-on-year +2.22% +4.65% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 634 784 767
England median hourly rate £35.00 £28.62 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.28% +21.80% -9.40%
10th Percentile £14.50 £13.00 £12.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.50 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £28.21 £24.00
% change year-on-year +24.07% +17.54% -6.57%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Degree in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 1,396 £500 - 943
South East -1 608 £425 -5.56% 689
North of England -9 292 £415 -2.35% 434
East of England +27 256 £400 -5.88% 426
South West -15 199 £450 +12.36% 319
North West -23 148 £425 +6.25% 240
Midlands -27 145 £426 -5.28% 325
Yorkshire 0 87 £400 -9.86% 137
West Midlands -37 79 £450 -5.26% 212
East Midlands -12 66 £400 -5.88% 112
North East +11 63 £440 +3.53% 57
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 951 (32.68%) Agile Software Development
2 926 (31.82%) Computer Science
3 674 (23.16%) Finance
4 563 (19.35%) Analytical Skills
5 525 (18.04%) Microsoft
6 492 (16.91%) Problem-Solving
7 465 (15.98%) Computer Science Degree
8 464 (15.95%) SQL
9 461 (15.84%) Java
10 390 (13.40%) Mathematics
11 384 (13.20%) Python
12 369 (12.68%) JavaScript
13 357 (12.27%) Project Management
14 355 (12.20%) Azure
15 312 (10.72%) Analytics
16 306 (10.52%) Windows
17 301 (10.34%) Security Cleared
18 280 (9.62%) Software Engineering
19 275 (9.45%) Git (software)
20 267 (9.18%) C#
21 259 (8.90%) Scrum
22 258 (8.87%) DevOps
23 257 (8.83%) Linux
24 246 (8.45%) ITIL
25 235 (8.08%) SC Cleared
26 226 (7.77%) HTML
27 225 (7.73%) AWS
28 222 (7.63%) Microsoft Office
29 221 (7.59%) SQL Server
30 216 (7.42%) Web Services

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (3.85%) Apache Spark
2 90 (3.09%) SharePoint
3 57 (1.96%) Apache
4 49 (1.68%) Confluence
5 46 (1.58%) SAS
6 31 (1.07%) Skype for Business
7 30 (1.03%) Elasticsearch
8 28 (0.96%) CMS
8 28 (0.96%) Jupyter
9 22 (0.76%) IIS
9 22 (0.76%) MS Exchange
10 20 (0.69%) Tomcat
11 15 (0.52%) JBoss
12 13 (0.45%) WebLogic
13 11 (0.38%) Exchange Server 2010
14 10 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2013
14 10 (0.34%) OpenStack
15 9 (0.31%) Moodle
15 9 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 7 (0.24%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 222 (7.63%) Microsoft Office
2 204 (7.01%) Microsoft Excel
3 98 (3.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 46 (1.58%) Microsoft Project
5 32 (1.10%) MS Visio
6 29 (1.00%) Sketch
7 25 (0.86%) InVision
8 13 (0.45%) Photoshop
9 11 (0.38%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 10 (0.34%) SPSS
11 9 (0.31%) Adobe Illustrator
11 9 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
12 7 (0.24%) Stata
12 7 (0.24%) Windchill
13 6 (0.21%) Simulink
13 6 (0.21%) Stateflow
14 5 (0.17%) Zeplin
15 4 (0.14%) 3ds Max
15 4 (0.14%) Adobe Premiere
15 4 (0.14%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 23 (0.79%) BusinessWorks
2 13 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
3 12 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
4 10 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
5 9 (0.31%) FINCAD Analytics
5 9 (0.31%) thinkFolio
6 8 (0.27%) SAP ERP
6 8 (0.27%) SAP HR
7 7 (0.24%) NetSuite
8 5 (0.17%) Cognos TM1
8 5 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
8 5 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
8 5 (0.17%) Primavera
8 5 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 5 (0.17%) SAP HCM
8 5 (0.17%) SAP MDG
8 5 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 4 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
9 4 (0.14%) Oracle TCA
9 4 (0.14%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 355 (12.20%) Azure
2 225 (7.73%) AWS
3 127 (4.36%) Office 365
4 115 (3.95%) Power Platform
5 99 (3.40%) SaaS
6 92 (3.16%) PaaS
7 78 (2.68%) GCP
8 73 (2.51%) IaaS
9 50 (1.72%) Serverless
10 49 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
11 43 (1.48%) GitHub
12 39 (1.34%) Azure Active Directory
13 25 (0.86%) Dynamics 365
14 24 (0.82%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 22 (0.76%) OpenShift
16 21 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
17 20 (0.69%) AWS Lambda
18 19 (0.65%) Google Analytics
19 17 (0.58%) Amazon S3
20 15 (0.52%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 140 (4.81%) Firewall
2 102 (3.51%) DNS
3 97 (3.33%) TCP/IP
4 89 (3.06%) Internet
5 66 (2.27%) VPN
6 61 (2.10%) LAN
7 60 (2.06%) WAN
8 53 (1.82%) HTTP
9 51 (1.75%) DHCP
10 47 (1.62%) Network Security
11 45 (1.55%) SAN
12 43 (1.48%) Ethernet
13 42 (1.44%) NAS
14 41 (1.41%) Skype
15 38 (1.31%) Wireless
16 30 (1.03%) Reverse Proxy
17 26 (0.89%) 4G
17 26 (0.89%) BGP
17 26 (0.89%) Cisco ASA
17 26 (0.89%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 221 (7.59%) SQL Server
2 145 (4.98%) Big Data
3 115 (3.95%) Power BI
4 85 (2.92%) Hadoop
5 80 (2.75%) Data Warehouse
5 80 (2.75%) NoSQL
6 77 (2.65%) Relational Database
7 57 (1.96%) MongoDB
7 57 (1.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 55 (1.89%) MySQL
9 41 (1.41%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 39 (1.34%) Oracle Database
11 35 (1.20%) Azure SQL Database
12 34 (1.17%) Amazon Redshift
13 31 (1.07%) PostgreSQL
14 25 (0.86%) Data Mining
15 24 (0.82%) RDBMS
16 23 (0.79%) Apache Cassandra
16 23 (0.79%) Cosmos DB
16 23 (0.79%) GIS
Development Applications
1 275 (9.45%) Git (software)
2 155 (5.33%) Jenkins
3 138 (4.74%) JIRA
4 57 (1.96%) Visual Studio
5 48 (1.65%) Maven
6 41 (1.41%) Selenium
7 39 (1.34%) Eclipse
8 36 (1.24%) Team Foundation Server
9 31 (1.07%) NetBeans
10 30 (1.03%) Cucumber
11 29 (1.00%) JUnit
12 28 (0.96%) Visual Studio Team System
13 27 (0.93%) Bitbucket
14 24 (0.82%) TeamCity
15 21 (0.72%) Subversion
16 19 (0.65%) Sonatype Nexus
17 16 (0.55%) Gradle
18 15 (0.52%) Grunt
18 15 (0.52%) Octopus Deploy
18 15 (0.52%) Rational DOORS
General
1 674 (23.16%) Finance
2 168 (5.77%) Banking
3 148 (5.09%) Public Sector
3 148 (5.09%) Telecoms
4 118 (4.05%) Marketing
5 107 (3.68%) Front Office
6 83 (2.85%) Legal
6 83 (2.85%) Retail
7 67 (2.30%) Manufacturing
8 63 (2.16%) Pharmaceutical
9 61 (2.10%) Aerospace
10 60 (2.06%) Investment Banking
11 54 (1.86%) Military
12 52 (1.79%) Publishing
13 51 (1.75%) Electronics
14 45 (1.55%) Games
15 43 (1.48%) Back Office
16 32 (1.10%) Advertising
16 32 (1.10%) Law
17 30 (1.03%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 619 (21.27%) Developer
2 422 (14.50%) Analyst
3 199 (6.84%) Architect
4 150 (5.15%) Project Manager
5 128 (4.40%) Business Analyst
6 117 (4.02%) Consultant
7 104 (3.57%) Designer
8 101 (3.47%) Java Developer
9 90 (3.09%) Software Engineer
10 84 (2.89%) C# Developer
11 82 (2.82%) Data Analyst
12 72 (2.47%) Data Scientist
13 71 (2.44%) Data Engineer
14 68 (2.34%) Solutions Architect
15 61 (2.10%) .NET Developer
16 60 (2.06%) Python Developer
17 55 (1.89%) Senior Developer
18 52 (1.79%) Java Engineer
18 52 (1.79%) Support Engineer
19 50 (1.72%) IT Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 226 (7.77%) HTML
2 216 (7.42%) Web Services
3 192 (6.60%) .NET
4 190 (6.53%) CSS
5 178 (6.12%) React
6 144 (4.95%) AngularJS
7 141 (4.85%) XML
8 114 (3.92%) REST
9 107 (3.68%) Node.js
10 98 (3.37%) Kafka
11 88 (3.02%) Spring
12 81 (2.78%) RESTful
13 72 (2.47%) HTML5
14 70 (2.41%) JSON
15 65 (2.23%) SOAP
16 56 (1.92%) Vue.js
17 47 (1.62%) Pandas
18 41 (1.41%) Hibernate
19 40 (1.37%) Spring Boot
20 39 (1.34%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 563 (19.35%) Analytical Skills
2 214 (7.35%) User Experience
3 192 (6.60%) Management Information System
4 141 (4.85%) Self-Motivation
5 115 (3.95%) Algorithms
6 84 (2.89%) Data Centre
6 84 (2.89%) Data Structures
7 73 (2.51%) Mobile App
8 56 (1.92%) Public Cloud
9 52 (1.79%) Greenfield Project
10 48 (1.65%) Enterprise Software
10 48 (1.65%) Hedge funds
11 43 (1.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 40 (1.37%) Virtual Team
13 37 (1.27%) Replication
14 31 (1.07%) Derivative
15 30 (1.03%) Social Media
16 29 (1.00%) Fixed Income
17 27 (0.93%) PMI
18 26 (0.89%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 306 (10.52%) Windows
2 257 (8.83%) Linux
3 85 (2.92%) Unix
4 79 (2.71%) Windows 10
5 75 (2.58%) Windows Server
6 57 (1.96%) Android
7 51 (1.75%) Apple iOS
8 34 (1.17%) Windows 7
9 28 (0.96%) Windows Server 2008
10 22 (0.76%) Windows Server 2012
11 21 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 14 (0.48%) Windows Server 2003
13 11 (0.38%) Mac OS
14 9 (0.31%) Ubuntu
15 7 (0.24%) CentOS
15 7 (0.24%) Mac OS X
15 7 (0.24%) SUSE
15 7 (0.24%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 7 (0.24%) VMS
16 5 (0.17%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 951 (32.68%) Agile Software Development
2 926 (31.82%) Computer Science
3 492 (16.91%) Problem-Solving
4 390 (13.40%) Mathematics
5 357 (12.27%) Project Management
6 312 (10.72%) Analytics
7 280 (9.62%) Software Engineering
8 259 (8.90%) Scrum
9 258 (8.87%) DevOps
10 246 (8.45%) ITIL
11 210 (7.22%) Stakeholder Management
12 203 (6.98%) Business Intelligence
13 200 (6.87%) Test Automation
14 183 (6.29%) Decision-Making
15 176 (6.05%) Project Delivery
16 173 (5.95%) TDD
17 166 (5.70%) Continuous Improvement
17 166 (5.70%) Data Science
17 166 (5.70%) Machine Learning
18 162 (5.57%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 464 (15.95%) SQL
2 461 (15.84%) Java
3 384 (13.20%) Python
4 369 (12.68%) JavaScript
5 267 (9.18%) C#
6 171 (5.88%) C
7 161 (5.53%) C++
8 98 (3.37%) PowerShell
9 76 (2.61%) Scala
10 75 (2.58%) R
11 58 (1.99%) PHP
11 58 (1.99%) T-SQL
12 56 (1.92%) TypeScript
13 42 (1.44%) Ruby
14 35 (1.20%) Bash Shell
14 35 (1.20%) Java 8
15 30 (1.03%) PL/SQL
16 26 (0.89%) GLSL
16 26 (0.89%) HLSL
17 24 (0.82%) VBA
Qualifications
1 465 (15.98%) Computer Science Degree
2 301 (10.34%) Security Cleared
3 235 (8.08%) SC Cleared
4 203 (6.98%) Master's Degree
5 88 (3.02%) CISSP
6 87 (2.99%) Microsoft Certification
7 84 (2.89%) PMI Certification
8 82 (2.82%) Cisco Certification
9 78 (2.68%) Numerate Degree
10 63 (2.16%) PMP
11 61 (2.10%) PhD
12 53 (1.82%) HND
13 50 (1.72%) CCNA
14 48 (1.65%) CISM
15 43 (1.48%) CCNP
16 41 (1.41%) MCSE
17 33 (1.13%) ISEB
18 32 (1.10%) DV Cleared
19 30 (1.03%) GIAC
20 28 (0.96%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 163 (5.60%) QA
2 66 (2.27%) SLA
3 60 (2.06%) Data Quality
4 48 (1.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 48 (1.65%) PMO
5 47 (1.62%) GDPR
6 29 (1.00%) NIST
7 21 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 21 (0.72%) PCI DSS
8 15 (0.52%) COBIT
9 14 (0.48%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 11 (0.38%) NCSC
11 7 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
11 7 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 6 (0.21%) GxP
12 6 (0.21%) NIST 800
13 5 (0.17%) Actionable Recommendations
13 5 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
13 5 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 5 (0.17%) MiFID
System Software
1 156 (5.36%) Active Directory
2 127 (4.36%) Docker
3 65 (2.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (0.72%) Virtual Machines
5 15 (0.52%) Hyper-V
6 12 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
6 12 (0.41%) vSphere
7 10 (0.34%) Firmware
7 10 (0.34%) HDFS
7 10 (0.34%) XenApp
7 10 (0.34%) XenDesktop
8 4 (0.14%) NFS
9 3 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.10%) Microsoft App-V
9 3 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.069%) iptables
10 2 (0.069%) KVM
10 2 (0.069%) LXC
10 2 (0.069%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 109 (3.75%) Kubernetes
2 70 (2.41%) Ansible
3 49 (1.68%) Terraform
4 39 (1.34%) Puppet
5 34 (1.17%) Single Sign-On
6 33 (1.13%) SCCM
7 22 (0.76%) Opscode Chef
8 18 (0.62%) Microsoft Intune
9 12 (0.41%) HP Quality Center
10 11 (0.38%) Nessus
11 10 (0.34%) Control-M
11 10 (0.34%) Grafana
11 10 (0.34%) Kibana
12 9 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
12 9 (0.31%) QRadar
13 7 (0.24%) Backup Exec
13 7 (0.24%) logstash
13 7 (0.24%) Nagios
13 7 (0.24%) Prometheus
13 7 (0.24%) Salt
Vendors
1 525 (18.04%) Microsoft
2 203 (6.98%) Oracle
3 128 (4.40%) Cisco
4 107 (3.68%) SAP
5 103 (3.54%) Google
6 100 (3.44%) Tableau
7 91 (3.13%) VMware
8 61 (2.10%) Salesforce.com
9 44 (1.51%) Adobe
10 38 (1.31%) Citrix
11 32 (1.10%) Red Hat
11 32 (1.10%) ServiceNow
11 32 (1.10%) Workday
12 29 (1.00%) IBM
13 28 (0.96%) Splunk
14 26 (0.89%) Dell
14 26 (0.89%) HP
14 26 (0.89%) TIBCO
15 25 (0.86%) Cognos
16 24 (0.82%) EMC