Period
to 6 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 6 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
6 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 47 53 45
Rank change year-on-year +6 -8 -5
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,711 3,773 4,484
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.62% 4.41% 4.70%
As % of the Qualifications category 19.28% 23.29% 24.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,011 2,216 2,674
Median daily rate £459 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.29% +5.56% +4.65%
10th Percentile £240 £263 £263
90th Percentile £650 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £450 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 116 233 241
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +3.90% +32.76%
10th Percentile £15.75 £16.35 £15.43
90th Percentile £53.88 £60.00 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £36.88
% change year-on-year -12.50% +8.47% +22.92%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 8,875 16,202 17,940
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 23.95% 18.95% 18.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,331 9,832 10,700
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £298 £270 £250
90th Percentile £644 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 411 715 839
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +40.00% -16.44%
10th Percentile £15.75 £12.45 £13.00
90th Percentile £55.00 £56.84 £50.25
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £24.56
% change year-on-year - +42.51% -18.13%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Daily rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 6 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 6 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 6 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 825 £480 -6.11% 389
South East -7 281 £430 -4.44% 213
North of England +33 251 £437 +2.82% 170
South West +9 122 £500 +21.21% 112
North West +24 118 £406 -5.64% 92
Yorkshire +75 115 £450 +12.50% 52
East of England +14 115 £413 -2.94% 153
Midlands -4 102 £450 -1.64% 88
West Midlands -8 66 £475 -5.00% 56
East Midlands +6 35 £375 -2.60% 32
North East +19 21 £405 -2.41% 26
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 6 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 534 (31.21%) Agile Software Development
2 530 (30.98%) Computer Science
3 431 (25.19%) Finance
4 329 (19.23%) Computer Science Degree
5 328 (19.17%) Analytical Skills
6 304 (17.77%) Problem-Solving
7 273 (15.96%) Microsoft
8 272 (15.90%) SQL
9 260 (15.20%) Java
10 246 (14.38%) Azure
11 226 (13.21%) Project Management
12 218 (12.74%) Python
13 217 (12.68%) JavaScript
14 213 (12.45%) Mathematics
15 187 (10.93%) Security Cleared
16 181 (10.58%) C#
17 171 (9.99%) HTML
18 169 (9.88%) Windows
19 168 (9.82%) ITIL
20 165 (9.64%) AWS
21 164 (9.59%) DevOps
22 159 (9.29%) User Experience
23 155 (9.06%) Software Engineering
24 153 (8.94%) CSS
25 147 (8.59%) Linux
26 146 (8.53%) SQL Server
27 141 (8.24%) Analytics
28 138 (8.07%) Scrum
29 136 (7.95%) SC Cleared
30 133 (7.77%) Stakeholder Management

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (3.21%) SharePoint
2 39 (2.28%) Apache Spark
3 26 (1.52%) Confluence
4 24 (1.40%) IIS
5 19 (1.11%) Apache
6 16 (0.94%) SAS
7 14 (0.82%) CMS
8 12 (0.70%) WebSphere
9 11 (0.64%) Elasticsearch
10 10 (0.58%) Tomcat
11 8 (0.47%) WebLogic
12 7 (0.41%) Jupyter
12 7 (0.41%) Skype for Business
13 6 (0.35%) MS Exchange
14 5 (0.29%) NetWeaver
15 4 (0.23%) JBoss
15 4 (0.23%) Magnolia
15 4 (0.23%) Umbraco
16 3 (0.18%) ArcGIS
16 3 (0.18%) IBM Notes
Applications
1 118 (6.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 110 (6.43%) Microsoft Office
3 57 (3.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 38 (2.22%) Microsoft Project
5 27 (1.58%) Sketch
6 24 (1.40%) MS Visio
7 20 (1.17%) InVision
8 17 (0.99%) Adobe Illustrator
8 17 (0.99%) Adobe XD
9 11 (0.64%) Photoshop
10 9 (0.53%) Spreadsheet
11 7 (0.41%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 7 (0.41%) OmniGraffle
12 6 (0.35%) Figma
13 5 (0.29%) Chatbot
14 4 (0.23%) Simulink
15 3 (0.18%) 3ds Max
15 3 (0.18%) CINEMA 4D
15 3 (0.18%) SPSS
15 3 (0.18%) Stata
Business Applications
1 11 (0.64%) SAP S/4HANA
2 9 (0.53%) Distributed Ledger
2 9 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.53%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 7 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
3 7 (0.41%) NetSuite
4 6 (0.35%) SAP BPC
4 6 (0.35%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 5 (0.29%) Sprinklr
6 4 (0.23%) BusinessWorks
6 4 (0.23%) Elite 3E
6 4 (0.23%) Primavera
6 4 (0.23%) Teamcenter
7 3 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.12%) Cognos TM1
8 2 (0.12%) Maximo
8 2 (0.12%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.12%) SAP PLM
8 2 (0.12%) SAP SD
8 2 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 246 (14.38%) Azure
2 165 (9.64%) AWS
3 80 (4.68%) GCP
4 52 (3.04%) Office 365
5 47 (2.75%) SaaS
6 45 (2.63%) Power Platform
7 30 (1.75%) PaaS
8 28 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
9 27 (1.58%) GitHub
9 27 (1.58%) IaaS
10 20 (1.17%) Serverless
11 14 (0.82%) OpenShift
12 13 (0.76%) Azure Active Directory
13 11 (0.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 10 (0.58%) npm
14 10 (0.58%) Stackdriver
15 9 (0.53%) AWS CloudFormation
15 9 (0.53%) Dynamics 365
16 7 (0.41%) OneDrive
16 7 (0.41%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 47 (2.75%) Firewall
2 40 (2.34%) Wireless
3 37 (2.16%) TCP/IP
4 35 (2.05%) LAN
5 33 (1.93%) VPN
6 32 (1.87%) Internet
7 31 (1.81%) WAN
8 25 (1.46%) DNS
9 21 (1.23%) Ethernet
9 21 (1.23%) VoIP
10 18 (1.05%) Network Security
11 16 (0.94%) HTTP
12 14 (0.82%) 5G
12 14 (0.82%) BGP
12 14 (0.82%) OSPF
13 13 (0.76%) 4G
13 13 (0.76%) DHCP
13 13 (0.76%) LTE
13 13 (0.76%) Radio Access Network
13 13 (0.76%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 146 (8.53%) SQL Server
2 96 (5.61%) Big Data
3 67 (3.92%) Relational Database
4 46 (2.69%) MySQL
5 45 (2.63%) Power BI
6 42 (2.45%) Data Warehouse
7 37 (2.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 33 (1.93%) NoSQL
9 32 (1.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 29 (1.69%) Hadoop
11 21 (1.23%) Apache Cassandra
12 20 (1.17%) Oracle Database
13 16 (0.94%) MongoDB
13 16 (0.94%) RDBMS
14 13 (0.76%) PostgreSQL
14 13 (0.76%) QlikView
15 12 (0.70%) Apache Hive
16 11 (0.64%) Data Lake
17 10 (0.58%) Data Mining
18 9 (0.53%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 116 (6.78%) Git (software)
2 81 (4.73%) JIRA
3 66 (3.86%) Jenkins
4 36 (2.10%) Visual Studio
5 25 (1.46%) Eclipse
5 25 (1.46%) Maven
6 21 (1.23%) Selenium
7 19 (1.11%) NetBeans
8 18 (1.05%) Axure RP
9 16 (0.94%) Balsamiq
10 15 (0.88%) JUnit
11 12 (0.70%) Rational DOORS
12 11 (0.64%) git-flow
12 11 (0.64%) Team Foundation Server
12 11 (0.64%) TeamCity
13 10 (0.58%) Cucumber
13 10 (0.58%) JMeter
13 10 (0.58%) Octopus Deploy
14 9 (0.53%) Ant
14 9 (0.53%) Subversion
General
1 431 (25.19%) Finance
2 127 (7.42%) Banking
3 118 (6.90%) Public Sector
4 91 (5.32%) Marketing
5 79 (4.62%) Telecoms
6 68 (3.97%) Front Office
7 56 (3.27%) Legal
8 48 (2.81%) Investment Banking
9 46 (2.69%) Retail
10 39 (2.28%) Military
11 37 (2.16%) Manufacturing
12 34 (1.99%) Aerospace
13 32 (1.87%) Pharmaceutical
14 26 (1.52%) Back Office
15 24 (1.40%) German Language
16 20 (1.17%) Electronics
16 20 (1.17%) Law
17 17 (0.99%) Financial Institution
17 17 (0.99%) Local Government
18 15 (0.88%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 353 (20.63%) Developer
2 237 (13.85%) Analyst
3 114 (6.66%) Architect
4 99 (5.79%) Designer
5 75 (4.38%) Project Manager
6 59 (3.45%) C# Developer
7 58 (3.39%) Consultant
8 57 (3.33%) User Researcher
9 55 (3.21%) Java Developer
10 51 (2.98%) Business Analyst
11 37 (2.16%) Data Analyst
12 34 (1.99%) Data Scientist
13 33 (1.93%) UX Designer
14 32 (1.87%) Python Developer
14 32 (1.87%) Solutions Architect
15 30 (1.75%) Senior Developer
15 30 (1.75%) Support Engineer
16 29 (1.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 29 (1.69%) Systems Engineer
17 28 (1.64%) Systems Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 171 (9.99%) HTML
2 153 (8.94%) CSS
3 128 (7.48%) .NET
4 117 (6.84%) Web Services
5 72 (4.21%) Node.js
6 69 (4.03%) AngularJS
7 61 (3.57%) XML
8 52 (3.04%) React
9 51 (2.98%) RESTful
10 50 (2.92%) REST
11 46 (2.69%) HTML5
12 38 (2.22%) JSON
12 38 (2.22%) Kafka
13 27 (1.58%) ASP.NET
14 26 (1.52%) .NET Framework
14 26 (1.52%) jQuery
14 26 (1.52%) Spring
15 25 (1.46%) Qt
16 22 (1.29%) Redux
17 21 (1.23%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 328 (19.17%) Analytical Skills
2 159 (9.29%) User Experience
3 131 (7.66%) Management Information System
4 83 (4.85%) Self-Motivation
5 49 (2.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 46 (2.69%) Data Centre
7 43 (2.51%) Algorithms
8 36 (2.10%) Greenfield Project
9 34 (1.99%) Mobile App
10 32 (1.87%) Virtual Team
11 27 (1.58%) Social Media
12 26 (1.52%) Data Structures
13 25 (1.46%) Public Cloud
14 20 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
15 17 (0.99%) Credit Risk
16 15 (0.88%) Derivative
16 15 (0.88%) Hedge funds
16 15 (0.88%) PMI
17 14 (0.82%) CMDB
17 14 (0.82%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 169 (9.88%) Windows
2 147 (8.59%) Linux
3 69 (4.03%) Unix
4 42 (2.45%) Windows Server
5 40 (2.34%) Apple iOS
6 39 (2.28%) Android
7 34 (1.99%) Windows 10
8 20 (1.17%) Windows Server 2012
9 16 (0.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 13 (0.76%) Windows 7
10 13 (0.76%) Windows Server 2008
11 10 (0.58%) Windows Server 2016
12 6 (0.35%) Mac OS X
13 5 (0.29%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.29%) VMS
13 5 (0.29%) Windows Server 2003
14 4 (0.23%) Windows 2000 Server
15 3 (0.18%) AIX
15 3 (0.18%) CentOS
15 3 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 534 (31.21%) Agile Software Development
2 530 (30.98%) Computer Science
3 304 (17.77%) Problem-Solving
4 226 (13.21%) Project Management
5 213 (12.45%) Mathematics
6 168 (9.82%) ITIL
7 164 (9.59%) DevOps
8 155 (9.06%) Software Engineering
9 141 (8.24%) Analytics
10 138 (8.07%) Scrum
11 133 (7.77%) Stakeholder Management
12 122 (7.13%) Change Management
13 119 (6.95%) Decision-Making
14 112 (6.55%) Mentoring
15 108 (6.31%) Project Delivery
16 103 (6.02%) Risk Management
17 102 (5.96%) Business Intelligence
17 102 (5.96%) Continuous Improvement
18 101 (5.90%) Continuous Integration
18 101 (5.90%) Service Design
Programming Languages
1 272 (15.90%) SQL
2 260 (15.20%) Java
3 218 (12.74%) Python
4 217 (12.68%) JavaScript
5 181 (10.58%) C#
6 70 (4.09%) C
7 69 (4.03%) C++
8 36 (2.10%) R
9 35 (2.05%) Shell Script
10 34 (1.99%) T-SQL
11 33 (1.93%) PowerShell
12 32 (1.87%) Scala
12 32 (1.87%) VBA
13 22 (1.29%) Java 8
14 19 (1.11%) Kotlin
15 18 (1.05%) GLSL
15 18 (1.05%) PHP
15 18 (1.05%) TypeScript
16 16 (0.94%) HLSL
17 14 (0.82%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 329 (19.23%) Computer Science Degree
2 187 (10.93%) Security Cleared
3 136 (7.95%) SC Cleared
4 113 (6.60%) Master's Degree
5 68 (3.97%) CISSP
6 49 (2.86%) PMI Certification
7 48 (2.81%) Cisco Certification
8 47 (2.75%) CISM
9 42 (2.45%) PMP
10 37 (2.16%) PhD
11 35 (2.05%) CISA
11 35 (2.05%) Numerate Degree
12 30 (1.75%) CCNA
12 30 (1.75%) HNC
13 28 (1.64%) HND
13 28 (1.64%) Postgraduate
14 27 (1.58%) DV Cleared
14 27 (1.58%) ITIL Certification
14 27 (1.58%) Microsoft Certification
15 19 (1.11%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 98 (5.73%) QA
2 43 (2.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 38 (2.22%) SLA
4 32 (1.87%) Data Quality
5 28 (1.64%) PCI DSS
6 25 (1.46%) GDPR
7 24 (1.40%) PMO
8 23 (1.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 20 (1.17%) NIST
10 13 (0.76%) COBIT
11 7 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 6 (0.35%) IFRS
12 6 (0.35%) P3O
13 5 (0.29%) GxP
13 5 (0.29%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 4 (0.23%) DO-254
15 3 (0.18%) AICPA
15 3 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
15 3 (0.18%) GMP
15 3 (0.18%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 74 (4.32%) Docker
2 69 (4.03%) Active Directory
3 34 (1.99%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (0.82%) VMware ESXi
5 8 (0.47%) HDFS
6 6 (0.35%) vSphere
7 5 (0.29%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.29%) XenApp
8 4 (0.23%) Firmware
8 4 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
8 4 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.12%) Squid
10 2 (0.12%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.058%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 1 (0.058%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.058%) IAG
11 1 (0.058%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.058%) Terminal Server
Systems Management
1 69 (4.03%) Kubernetes
2 38 (2.22%) Ansible
3 25 (1.46%) Terraform
4 13 (0.76%) SCCM
5 11 (0.64%) Opscode Chef
5 11 (0.64%) Single Sign-On
6 10 (0.58%) Puppet
7 7 (0.41%) Nagios
8 6 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
8 6 (0.35%) Nessus
9 5 (0.29%) Forefront Identity Manager
9 5 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
9 5 (0.29%) Microsoft Intune
9 5 (0.29%) SnapMirror
10 4 (0.23%) CloudForms
10 4 (0.23%) Grafana
10 4 (0.23%) Kibana
10 4 (0.23%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 4 (0.23%) Oracle RMAN
10 4 (0.23%) SnapVault
Vendors
1 273 (15.96%) Microsoft
2 104 (6.08%) Oracle
3 72 (4.21%) Google
4 66 (3.86%) SAP
5 57 (3.33%) Cisco
6 46 (2.69%) VMware
7 44 (2.57%) Tableau
8 40 (2.34%) Adobe
9 38 (2.22%) Splunk
10 32 (1.87%) Salesforce.com
11 26 (1.52%) ServiceNow
12 22 (1.29%) Dell
13 20 (1.17%) HP
14 19 (1.11%) Citrix
14 19 (1.11%) Red Hat
15 17 (0.99%) Atlassian
16 16 (0.94%) Juniper
17 15 (0.88%) Databricks
18 14 (0.82%) Apple
19 13 (0.76%) IBM