Period
to 20 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 20 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 53 47 48
Rank change year-on-year -6 +1 -3
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,479 2,933 4,108
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.30% 4.46% 4.57%
As % of the Qualifications category 18.46% 20.78% 23.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,002 1,775 2,438
Median daily rate £475 £450 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% -5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £238 £263 £275
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £455
% change year-on-year - -1.17% +4.08%
Number of hourly rates quoted 107 188 199
Median hourly rate £38.50 £43.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.00% +9.38% +30.04%
10th Percentile £18.27 £15.75 £14.71
90th Percentile £59.75 £57.88 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £37.93 £42.75 £37.52
% change year-on-year -11.29% +13.94% +25.07%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 8,013 14,115 17,310
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 23.31% 21.46% 19.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,192 9,142 10,664
Median daily rate £475 £470 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% +2.27%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £263
90th Percentile £650 £650 £631
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 395 568 732
Median hourly rate £40.00 £32.50 £25.12
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +23.08% +29.39% +14.17%
10th Percentile £15.00 £14.11 £12.55
90th Percentile £62.00 £57.50 £51.70
Median hourly rate £40.00 £32.50 £25.12
% change year-on-year +23.08% +29.39% +11.63%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Daily rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 20 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 752 £475 -5.00% 546
South East +16 273 £413 -2.94% 362
North of England +9 149 £475 +11.76% 287
North West +20 94 £468 +10.05% 145
Midlands +21 93 £350 -19.08% 184
South West +15 86 £442 -1.71% 159
East of England -20 68 £493 +23.13% 216
Yorkshire +17 47 £500 +25.00% 92
West Midlands +14 47 £388 -13.89% 100
East Midlands +17 42 £321 -21.83% 83
North East -12 8 £425 -3.41% 51
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 20 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 514 (34.75%) Computer Science
2 475 (32.12%) Agile Software Development
3 330 (22.31%) Finance
4 294 (19.88%) Computer Science Degree
5 269 (18.19%) Python
6 258 (17.44%) Java
7 242 (16.36%) Problem-Solving
8 224 (15.15%) Analytical Skills
9 208 (14.06%) Microsoft
10 204 (13.79%) JavaScript
11 198 (13.39%) Software Engineering
12 193 (13.05%) SQL
12 193 (13.05%) Project Management
13 176 (11.90%) Azure
14 172 (11.63%) User Experience
15 170 (11.49%) Mathematics
15 170 (11.49%) AWS
16 146 (9.87%) Marketing
17 145 (9.80%) Linux
18 144 (9.74%) Scrum
19 135 (9.13%) Windows
19 135 (9.13%) Security Cleared
20 134 (9.06%) DevOps
21 133 (8.99%) Change Management
22 132 (8.92%) Banking
23 130 (8.79%) HTML
24 119 (8.05%) Management Information System
25 115 (7.78%) Analytics
26 111 (7.51%) Time Management
27 108 (7.30%) C#

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (4.53%) Apache Spark
2 37 (2.50%) SharePoint
3 34 (2.30%) Apache
4 31 (2.10%) Confluence
5 25 (1.69%) Elasticsearch
6 23 (1.56%) IIS
7 17 (1.15%) WebSphere
8 14 (0.95%) Tomcat
9 11 (0.74%) Red Hat Fuse
9 11 (0.74%) SAS
9 11 (0.74%) WebLogic
10 10 (0.68%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 10 (0.68%) Skype for Business
11 9 (0.61%) CMS
11 9 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 8 (0.54%) OpenStack
13 7 (0.47%) Appian
14 6 (0.41%) DNN
15 5 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
15 5 (0.34%) JBoss
Applications
1 82 (5.54%) Microsoft Excel
1 82 (5.54%) Microsoft Office
2 43 (2.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 24 (1.62%) MS Visio
4 22 (1.49%) Sketch
5 20 (1.35%) InVision
6 17 (1.15%) Adobe Illustrator
7 14 (0.95%) Adobe XD
8 13 (0.88%) Microsoft Project
9 9 (0.61%) Photoshop
9 9 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
10 5 (0.34%) UserZoom
11 4 (0.27%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 4 (0.27%) Figma
11 4 (0.27%) InDesign
11 4 (0.27%) Zeplin
12 3 (0.20%) OmniGraffle
12 3 (0.20%) SPSS
13 2 (0.14%) Adobe After Effects
13 2 (0.14%) Maya
Business Applications
1 8 (0.54%) SAP S/4HANA
2 6 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
3 5 (0.34%) Lawson
3 5 (0.34%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 5 (0.34%) SAP CO
3 5 (0.34%) SAP FI
3 5 (0.34%) SAP FI/CO
4 4 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
4 4 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.20%) Sentinel
5 3 (0.20%) Summit
5 3 (0.20%) Teamcenter
6 2 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.14%) Endur
6 2 (0.14%) SAP BRIM
6 2 (0.14%) SAP EWM
6 2 (0.14%) SAP GRC
6 2 (0.14%) SAP IS-U
6 2 (0.14%) SAP PLM
6 2 (0.14%) SAP Travel Management
Cloud Services
1 176 (11.90%) Azure
2 170 (11.49%) AWS
3 78 (5.27%) GCP
4 40 (2.70%) Power Platform
5 37 (2.50%) GitHub
6 35 (2.37%) Office 365
7 22 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
7 22 (1.49%) SaaS
8 20 (1.35%) PaaS
9 16 (1.08%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 16 (1.08%) IaaS
10 11 (0.74%) Azure Active Directory
11 10 (0.68%) Amazon EKS
11 10 (0.68%) Serverless
12 9 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
12 9 (0.61%) Boomi
13 8 (0.54%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 7 (0.47%) Dynamics 365
14 7 (0.47%) SuccessFactors
15 6 (0.41%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 41 (2.77%) Firewall
2 40 (2.70%) DNS
3 37 (2.50%) TCP/IP
4 28 (1.89%) LAN
5 26 (1.76%) WAN
6 25 (1.69%) DHCP
7 24 (1.62%) VPN
8 22 (1.49%) Network Security
9 21 (1.42%) Wireless
10 20 (1.35%) HTTP
11 19 (1.28%) VLAN
12 15 (1.01%) 3G
12 15 (1.01%) 4G
12 15 (1.01%) Ethernet
12 15 (1.01%) Internet
12 15 (1.01%) Radio Access Network
12 15 (1.01%) Skype
12 15 (1.01%) SMTP
13 10 (0.68%) 5G
13 10 (0.68%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 80 (5.41%) SQL Server
2 54 (3.65%) Hadoop
3 52 (3.52%) Big Data
3 52 (3.52%) Relational Database
4 37 (2.50%) PostgreSQL
4 37 (2.50%) Power BI
5 34 (2.30%) NoSQL
6 28 (1.89%) Data Warehouse
7 27 (1.83%) MySQL
8 24 (1.62%) Amazon RDS
9 21 (1.42%) Tableau
10 18 (1.22%) MongoDB
11 17 (1.15%) Apache Hive
11 17 (1.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 13 (0.88%) Apache Cassandra
12 13 (0.88%) Oracle Database
13 12 (0.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 10 (0.68%) Oracle Reports
14 10 (0.68%) RDBMS
15 9 (0.61%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 91 (6.15%) Git (software)
2 69 (4.67%) Jenkins
3 55 (3.72%) JIRA
4 26 (1.76%) Visual Studio
5 21 (1.42%) Maven
6 18 (1.22%) GitLab
7 17 (1.15%) Axure RP
7 17 (1.15%) JUnit
8 14 (0.95%) Gradle
9 12 (0.81%) Ant
9 12 (0.81%) Eclipse
9 12 (0.81%) webpack
10 11 (0.74%) Balsamiq
10 11 (0.74%) NetBeans
10 11 (0.74%) TeamCity
11 10 (0.68%) git-flow
11 10 (0.68%) JMeter
12 9 (0.61%) Mockito
12 9 (0.61%) Subversion
13 8 (0.54%) Selenium
General
1 330 (22.31%) Finance
2 146 (9.87%) Marketing
3 132 (8.92%) Banking
4 102 (6.90%) Front Office
5 90 (6.09%) Public Sector
6 78 (5.27%) Telecoms
7 59 (3.99%) Investment Banking
8 51 (3.45%) Manufacturing
9 41 (2.77%) Legal
10 32 (2.16%) Retail
11 22 (1.49%) Pharmaceutical
12 20 (1.35%) Electronics
13 17 (1.15%) Military
13 17 (1.15%) Publishing
14 16 (1.08%) Aerospace
15 13 (0.88%) Law
16 12 (0.81%) Financial Institution
17 11 (0.74%) Local Government
18 10 (0.68%) Games
18 10 (0.68%) German Language
Job Titles
1 322 (21.77%) Developer
2 171 (11.56%) Analyst
3 111 (7.51%) Designer
4 92 (6.22%) Architect
5 78 (5.27%) Java Developer
6 67 (4.53%) Project Manager
7 63 (4.26%) Consultant
7 63 (4.26%) UX Designer
8 62 (4.19%) UI Designer
9 49 (3.31%) React Developer
9 49 (3.31%) UI/UX Designer
10 46 (3.11%) Python Developer
11 41 (2.77%) Software Engineer
12 38 (2.57%) UI Developer
13 37 (2.50%) Business Analyst
13 37 (2.50%) Senior Developer
14 35 (2.37%) UX Developer
15 34 (2.30%) UI/UX Developer
16 33 (2.23%) UI Engineer
16 33 (2.23%) UX Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 130 (8.79%) HTML
2 103 (6.96%) Web Services
3 102 (6.90%) CSS
4 79 (5.34%) .NET
5 71 (4.80%) React
6 70 (4.73%) Node.js
7 60 (4.06%) HTML5
8 59 (3.99%) RESTful
9 58 (3.92%) Spring
10 55 (3.72%) AngularJS
11 51 (3.45%) REST
12 41 (2.77%) XML
13 37 (2.50%) Middleware
14 34 (2.30%) Kafka
15 26 (1.76%) Redux
16 25 (1.69%) JSON
17 22 (1.49%) Django
17 22 (1.49%) jQuery
18 21 (1.42%) .NET Core
19 20 (1.35%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 224 (15.15%) Analytical Skills
2 172 (11.63%) User Experience
3 119 (8.05%) Management Information System
4 101 (6.83%) Self-Motivation
5 83 (5.61%) Life Science
6 62 (4.19%) Algorithms
7 43 (2.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 29 (1.96%) NHS
9 28 (1.89%) Social Media
10 27 (1.83%) Data Structures
10 27 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
11 25 (1.69%) Hedge funds
12 24 (1.62%) Virtual Team
13 23 (1.56%) Mobile App
14 22 (1.49%) Data Centre
15 21 (1.42%) Animation
16 19 (1.28%) Cloud Native
16 19 (1.28%) Equities
17 16 (1.08%) Public Cloud
18 14 (0.95%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 145 (9.80%) Linux
2 135 (9.13%) Windows
3 64 (4.33%) Unix
4 38 (2.57%) Android
5 30 (2.03%) Apple iOS
6 26 (1.76%) Windows Server
7 21 (1.42%) Windows 10
8 15 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 13 (0.88%) Solaris
10 10 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
11 7 (0.47%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.41%) CentOS
13 5 (0.34%) VMS
13 5 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.34%) Windows Server 2016
13 5 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
14 4 (0.27%) Windows 7
15 3 (0.20%) MVS
15 3 (0.20%) SUSE
16 2 (0.14%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 514 (34.75%) Computer Science
2 475 (32.12%) Agile Software Development
3 242 (16.36%) Problem-Solving
4 198 (13.39%) Software Engineering
5 193 (13.05%) Project Management
6 170 (11.49%) Mathematics
7 144 (9.74%) Scrum
8 134 (9.06%) DevOps
9 133 (8.99%) Change Management
10 115 (7.78%) Analytics
11 111 (7.51%) Time Management
12 101 (6.83%) Information Security
12 101 (6.83%) TDD
13 96 (6.49%) ITIL
14 91 (6.15%) Risk Management
15 90 (6.09%) Data Science
16 86 (5.81%) Digital Marketing
16 86 (5.81%) SDLC
16 86 (5.81%) Stakeholder Management
17 81 (5.48%) Value Proposition
Programming Languages
1 269 (18.19%) Python
2 258 (17.44%) Java
3 204 (13.79%) JavaScript
4 193 (13.05%) SQL
5 108 (7.30%) C#
6 95 (6.42%) C++
7 55 (3.72%) C
7 55 (3.72%) Scala
8 50 (3.38%) PowerShell
9 49 (3.31%) Kotlin
10 29 (1.96%) Java 8
10 29 (1.96%) R
11 28 (1.89%) Bash Shell
11 28 (1.89%) TypeScript
12 27 (1.83%) Shell Script
13 20 (1.35%) Go
13 20 (1.35%) Perl
13 20 (1.35%) PL/SQL
14 18 (1.22%) T-SQL
15 14 (0.95%) VBA
Qualifications
1 294 (19.88%) Computer Science Degree
2 135 (9.13%) Security Cleared
3 99 (6.69%) Master's Degree
4 90 (6.09%) SC Cleared
5 73 (4.94%) Numerate Degree
6 62 (4.19%) CISSP
7 32 (2.16%) Cisco Certification
8 31 (2.10%) PhD
8 31 (2.10%) PMI Certification
9 30 (2.03%) CISM
10 28 (1.89%) PMP
11 25 (1.69%) CISA
11 25 (1.69%) Microsoft Certification
12 23 (1.56%) DV Cleared
13 22 (1.49%) CCNP
14 19 (1.28%) CCNA
14 19 (1.28%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
15 18 (1.22%) HND
16 16 (1.08%) MBA
17 15 (1.01%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (4.53%) QA
2 48 (3.25%) SLA
3 47 (3.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 34 (2.30%) NIST
5 24 (1.62%) PCI DSS
6 23 (1.56%) Data Quality
6 23 (1.56%) GDPR
7 19 (1.28%) PMO
8 16 (1.08%) COBIT
9 15 (1.01%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 11 (0.74%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 6 (0.41%) ISO 9001
12 5 (0.34%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 5 (0.34%) ISO 22301
12 5 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 5 (0.34%) MiFID
12 5 (0.34%) NIST 800
13 4 (0.27%) ECSS
13 4 (0.27%) IFRS
13 4 (0.27%) NCSC
System Software
1 82 (5.54%) Docker
2 43 (2.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 41 (2.77%) Active Directory
4 18 (1.22%) Firmware
5 11 (0.74%) vSphere
6 9 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.41%) Oracle RAC
7 6 (0.41%) VMware NSX
8 5 (0.34%) HDFS
8 5 (0.34%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.20%) DFS Replication
10 3 (0.20%) vCloud
10 3 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
10 3 (0.20%) Xen
11 2 (0.14%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.14%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 2 (0.14%) Terminal Services
11 2 (0.14%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 97 (6.56%) Kubernetes
2 76 (5.14%) Terraform
3 30 (2.03%) Ansible
4 17 (1.15%) Opscode Chef
4 17 (1.15%) Single Sign-On
5 13 (0.88%) SCCM
6 12 (0.81%) Puppet
7 11 (0.74%) SCOM
8 8 (0.54%) Nagios
8 8 (0.54%) Prometheus
8 8 (0.54%) WSUS
9 7 (0.47%) Microsoft Intune
10 6 (0.41%) Grafana
11 5 (0.34%) Istio
11 5 (0.34%) Stealthwatch
11 5 (0.34%) vCenter Server
12 4 (0.27%) McAfee ePO
12 4 (0.27%) Trend Micro Deep Security
12 4 (0.27%) vRealize
12 4 (0.27%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 208 (14.06%) Microsoft
2 86 (5.81%) Oracle
3 53 (3.58%) SAP
4 52 (3.52%) VMware
5 47 (3.18%) Cisco
6 43 (2.91%) Google
7 41 (2.77%) Adobe
8 38 (2.57%) Splunk
9 34 (2.30%) Salesforce.com
10 27 (1.83%) ServiceNow
11 24 (1.62%) IBM
12 19 (1.28%) Databricks
13 17 (1.15%) Citrix
14 15 (1.01%) HP
15 13 (0.88%) Red Hat
16 12 (0.81%) Remedy
17 9 (0.61%) SolarWinds
18 8 (0.54%) Huawei
18 8 (0.54%) MuleSoft
18 8 (0.54%) TIBCO