Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 45 50 50
Rank change year-on-year +5 0 -6
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,904 2,371 3,969
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.59% 4.42% 4.50%
As % of the Qualifications category 21.03% 19.90% 23.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,089 1,363 2,390
10th Percentile £278 £250 £256
25th Percentile £378 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £475
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +5.56% -5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 145 141 208
10th Percentile £16.49 £15.00 £17.28
25th Percentile £23.75 £20.50 £21.82
Median hourly rate £38.92 £40.00 £38.75
Median % change year-on-year -2.70% +3.23% +15.67%
75th Percentile £49.00 £52.27 £48.75
90th Percentile £58.25 £57.00 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £38.00 £41.75 £38.25
% change year-on-year -8.98% +9.15% +17.69%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 9,054 11,915 17,260
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.80% 22.23% 19.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,832 7,757 10,824
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £400 £375 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £480 £475 £465
Median % change year-on-year +1.05% +2.15% +3.33%
75th Percentile £575 £575 £563
90th Percentile £655 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £463
% change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 480 438 698
10th Percentile £15.00 £14.50 £12.47
25th Percentile £20.25 £17.50 £16.25
Median hourly rate £39.34 £27.50 £27.50
Median % change year-on-year +43.04% - +27.91%
75th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £46.00
90th Percentile £61.25 £56.25 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £30.00 £28.42
% change year-on-year +33.33% +5.56% +32.19%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Daily rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 1,001 £525 +5.00% 746
South East +18 349 £440 +7.32% 438
North of England -10 150 £475 +9.95% 365
South West +16 114 £442 -1.71% 205
Midlands +8 110 £400 -11.11% 289
East of England 0 92 £445 +4.71% 286
North West -2 91 £466 +16.61% 184
West Midlands +9 70 £400 -15.79% 188
Yorkshire -17 53 £500 +11.11% 124
East Midlands +7 37 £365 -2.67% 99
North East -6 6 £250 -43.24% 58
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 669 (35.14%) Agile Software Development
2 630 (33.09%) Computer Science
3 523 (27.47%) Finance
4 349 (18.33%) Python
5 346 (18.17%) Problem-Solving
6 333 (17.49%) Computer Science Degree
7 331 (17.38%) Analytical Skills
8 316 (16.60%) Java
9 305 (16.02%) Azure
10 290 (15.23%) Microsoft
11 272 (14.29%) AWS
12 262 (13.76%) SQL
13 260 (13.66%) Software Engineering
14 259 (13.60%) Project Management
15 230 (12.08%) JavaScript
16 223 (11.71%) DevOps
17 206 (10.82%) Scrum
18 200 (10.50%) User Experience
19 199 (10.45%) Windows
20 196 (10.29%) Mathematics
21 194 (10.19%) Analytics
22 192 (10.08%) Security Cleared
23 187 (9.82%) Banking
24 183 (9.61%) Marketing
25 170 (8.93%) Linux
26 166 (8.72%) Change Management
27 154 (8.09%) Front Office
28 152 (7.98%) Git (software)
29 144 (7.56%) Web Services
30 137 (7.20%) C#

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (3.57%) Confluence
2 62 (3.26%) Apache Spark
3 52 (2.73%) SharePoint
4 25 (1.31%) Apache
5 17 (0.89%) SAS
6 15 (0.79%) CMS
6 15 (0.79%) Skype for Business
7 12 (0.63%) IIS
7 12 (0.63%) WebSphere
8 10 (0.53%) Elasticsearch
8 10 (0.53%) OpenStack
9 9 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 9 (0.47%) Red Hat Fuse
9 9 (0.47%) Tomcat
9 9 (0.47%) WebLogic
10 8 (0.42%) Jupyter
11 7 (0.37%) MS Exchange
12 6 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
12 6 (0.32%) DNN
13 5 (0.26%) FileNet
Applications
1 132 (6.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 106 (5.57%) Microsoft Office
3 64 (3.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 44 (2.31%) MS Visio
5 35 (1.84%) Microsoft Project
6 16 (0.84%) Adobe Illustrator
7 14 (0.74%) Photoshop
8 12 (0.63%) InVision
8 12 (0.63%) Sketch
8 12 (0.63%) Spreadsheet
9 7 (0.37%) Adobe XD
9 7 (0.37%) SPSS
9 7 (0.37%) UserZoom
10 6 (0.32%) InDesign
11 5 (0.26%) AutoCAD
11 5 (0.26%) Maya
11 5 (0.26%) PTC Creo
11 5 (0.26%) Windchill
12 4 (0.21%) Adobe After Effects
12 4 (0.21%) Revit
Business Applications
1 9 (0.47%) Teamcenter
2 6 (0.32%) SAP S/4HANA
3 5 (0.26%) SAP ERP
4 4 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
4 4 (0.21%) Sentinel
5 3 (0.16%) BASE24
5 3 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
5 3 (0.16%) Magento
5 3 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 3 (0.16%) SAP CO
5 3 (0.16%) SAP FI
5 3 (0.16%) SAP FI/CO
5 3 (0.16%) SAP MM
5 3 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 2 (0.11%) ION MarketView
6 2 (0.11%) OpenText VIM for SAP
6 2 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.11%) SAP BRIM
6 2 (0.11%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 305 (16.02%) Azure
2 272 (14.29%) AWS
3 135 (7.09%) GCP
4 61 (3.20%) Microsoft 365
5 53 (2.78%) Power Platform
6 40 (2.10%) SaaS
7 39 (2.05%) GitHub
8 32 (1.68%) PaaS
9 25 (1.31%) IaaS
10 24 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
11 21 (1.10%) Serverless
12 17 (0.89%) Azure Active Directory
13 16 (0.84%) Amazon EKS
14 11 (0.58%) AWS CloudFormation
14 11 (0.58%) Azure Functions
15 10 (0.53%) Azure Data Factory
15 10 (0.53%) Dynamics 365
16 9 (0.47%) Amazon S3
16 9 (0.47%) PowerApps
17 8 (0.42%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 49 (2.57%) Firewall
2 45 (2.36%) TCP/IP
3 41 (2.15%) DNS
3 41 (2.15%) VPN
4 36 (1.89%) WAN
5 34 (1.79%) LAN
6 32 (1.68%) Network Security
7 29 (1.52%) Internet
8 26 (1.37%) VLAN
9 25 (1.31%) DHCP
9 25 (1.31%) Wireless
10 22 (1.16%) SMTP
11 20 (1.05%) HTTP
12 19 (1.00%) Skype
13 16 (0.84%) SNMP
14 15 (0.79%) Multicast
15 14 (0.74%) IPsec
15 14 (0.74%) MPLS
16 13 (0.68%) Ethernet
16 13 (0.68%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 91 (4.78%) SQL Server
2 66 (3.47%) Relational Database
3 64 (3.36%) Hadoop
4 50 (2.63%) Power BI
5 44 (2.31%) Data Warehouse
6 39 (2.05%) Big Data
7 32 (1.68%) Tableau
8 29 (1.52%) NoSQL
9 23 (1.21%) PostgreSQL
10 21 (1.10%) Data Mining
10 21 (1.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 18 (0.95%) MySQL
12 15 (0.79%) Data Lake
13 12 (0.63%) MongoDB
13 12 (0.63%) Oracle Database
14 11 (0.58%) Amazon RDS
14 11 (0.58%) Apache Hive
14 11 (0.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 10 (0.53%) BigQuery
16 9 (0.47%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 152 (7.98%) Git (software)
2 129 (6.78%) JIRA
3 106 (5.57%) Jenkins
4 32 (1.68%) Visual Studio
5 27 (1.42%) GitLab
6 26 (1.37%) Maven
7 20 (1.05%) Eclipse
8 19 (1.00%) Cucumber
8 19 (1.00%) Selenium
9 18 (0.95%) JUnit
10 16 (0.84%) Gradle
10 16 (0.84%) Subversion
11 14 (0.74%) Bitbucket
12 13 (0.68%) TeamCity
13 12 (0.63%) Axure RP
13 12 (0.63%) webpack
14 10 (0.53%) NetBeans
15 9 (0.47%) Ant
15 9 (0.47%) SonarQube
16 8 (0.42%) git-flow
General
1 523 (27.47%) Finance
2 187 (9.82%) Banking
3 183 (9.61%) Marketing
4 154 (8.09%) Front Office
5 128 (6.72%) Public Sector
6 109 (5.72%) Telecoms
7 74 (3.89%) Manufacturing
8 68 (3.57%) Investment Banking
9 66 (3.47%) Legal
10 45 (2.36%) Retail
11 35 (1.84%) Electronics
12 29 (1.52%) Pharmaceutical
13 24 (1.26%) Military
14 21 (1.10%) Financial Institution
15 20 (1.05%) Law
15 20 (1.05%) Publishing
16 18 (0.95%) Back Office
17 17 (0.89%) Billing
17 17 (0.89%) German Language
18 15 (0.79%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 389 (20.43%) Developer
2 231 (12.13%) Analyst
3 140 (7.35%) Architect
4 132 (6.93%) Designer
5 95 (4.99%) Project Manager
6 85 (4.46%) UX Designer
7 83 (4.36%) Java Developer
8 82 (4.31%) React Developer
9 80 (4.20%) Consultant
10 79 (4.15%) UI Designer
11 75 (3.94%) UI/UX Designer
12 70 (3.68%) UI Developer
13 69 (3.62%) Business Analyst
14 67 (3.52%) UI/UX Developer
14 67 (3.52%) UX Developer
15 64 (3.36%) UI Engineer
15 64 (3.36%) UX Engineer
16 53 (2.78%) Senior Developer
17 47 (2.47%) Python Developer
17 47 (2.47%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 144 (7.56%) Web Services
2 121 (6.36%) React
3 115 (6.04%) HTML
4 112 (5.88%) .NET
5 101 (5.30%) Node.js
6 81 (4.25%) CSS
7 69 (3.62%) AngularJS
7 69 (3.62%) REST
8 60 (3.15%) RESTful
9 52 (2.73%) Spring
10 51 (2.68%) HTML5
11 45 (2.36%) XML
12 44 (2.31%) Kafka
13 36 (1.89%) Middleware
14 35 (1.84%) .NET Core
15 30 (1.58%) JSON
16 26 (1.37%) Redux
17 24 (1.26%) GraphQL
18 23 (1.21%) jQuery
19 20 (1.05%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 331 (17.38%) Analytical Skills
2 200 (10.50%) User Experience
3 135 (7.09%) Management Information System
4 131 (6.88%) Self-Motivation
5 82 (4.31%) Life Science
6 57 (2.99%) Algorithms
7 55 (2.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 43 (2.26%) Social Media
9 41 (2.15%) Virtual Team
10 38 (2.00%) Data Structures
11 37 (1.94%) NHS
12 34 (1.79%) Data Centre
13 30 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
13 30 (1.58%) PMI
14 29 (1.52%) Mobile App
15 28 (1.47%) Equities
16 27 (1.42%) Hedge funds
17 20 (1.05%) Cloud Native
17 20 (1.05%) Derivative
18 18 (0.95%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 199 (10.45%) Windows
2 170 (8.93%) Linux
3 73 (3.83%) Unix
4 52 (2.73%) Windows Server
5 39 (2.05%) Android
6 35 (1.84%) Windows 10
7 32 (1.68%) Apple iOS
8 20 (1.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 14 (0.74%) Windows Server 2012
10 12 (0.63%) Windows Server 2008
11 8 (0.42%) Windows Server 2016
12 7 (0.37%) OpenWrt
13 6 (0.32%) Mac OS
13 6 (0.32%) VMS
13 6 (0.32%) Windows Server 2019
14 5 (0.26%) Solaris
14 5 (0.26%) Windows 7
15 3 (0.16%) CentOS
15 3 (0.16%) SUSE
15 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 669 (35.14%) Agile Software Development
2 630 (33.09%) Computer Science
3 346 (18.17%) Problem-Solving
4 260 (13.66%) Software Engineering
5 259 (13.60%) Project Management
6 223 (11.71%) DevOps
7 206 (10.82%) Scrum
8 196 (10.29%) Mathematics
9 194 (10.19%) Analytics
10 166 (8.72%) Change Management
11 134 (7.04%) Decision-Making
12 130 (6.83%) Risk Management
12 130 (6.83%) TDD
13 129 (6.78%) ITIL
14 127 (6.67%) Time Management
15 124 (6.51%) Stakeholder Management
16 117 (6.14%) Test Automation
17 115 (6.04%) Migration
18 114 (5.99%) Cybersecurity
19 109 (5.72%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 349 (18.33%) Python
2 316 (16.60%) Java
3 262 (13.76%) SQL
4 230 (12.08%) JavaScript
5 137 (7.20%) C#
6 117 (6.14%) C++
7 77 (4.04%) Kotlin
8 76 (3.99%) PowerShell
9 74 (3.89%) C
10 52 (2.73%) R
11 46 (2.42%) Scala
12 37 (1.94%) TypeScript
13 35 (1.84%) Bash Shell
14 34 (1.79%) Shell Script
15 31 (1.63%) Java 8
16 26 (1.37%) Perl
16 26 (1.37%) PL/SQL
17 22 (1.16%) VBA
18 21 (1.10%) VB
19 17 (0.89%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 333 (17.49%) Computer Science Degree
2 192 (10.08%) Security Cleared
3 134 (7.04%) SC Cleared
4 98 (5.15%) Master's Degree
5 73 (3.83%) CISSP
6 64 (3.36%) Numerate Degree
7 58 (3.05%) PMP
8 57 (2.99%) PMI Certification
9 51 (2.68%) Microsoft Certification
10 48 (2.52%) PhD
11 42 (2.21%) DV Cleared
12 39 (2.05%) CISM
13 36 (1.89%) Cisco Certification
14 28 (1.47%) CCNP
15 21 (1.10%) HND
16 20 (1.05%) HNC
17 19 (1.00%) CCNA
17 19 (1.00%) GIAC
17 19 (1.00%) ISTQB
18 18 (0.95%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 106 (5.57%) QA
2 51 (2.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 38 (2.00%) GDPR
4 37 (1.94%) NIST
5 35 (1.84%) PMO
6 29 (1.52%) SLA
7 23 (1.21%) Data Quality
7 23 (1.21%) PCI DSS
8 19 (1.00%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 15 (0.79%) COBIT
10 12 (0.63%) GRC
11 11 (0.58%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 10 (0.53%) NCSC
13 9 (0.47%) IFRS
14 7 (0.37%) JTAG
14 7 (0.37%) NIST 800
15 6 (0.32%) MiFID
15 6 (0.32%) RMADS
16 5 (0.26%) IFRS 9
16 5 (0.26%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 128 (6.72%) Docker
2 65 (3.41%) Active Directory
3 51 (2.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.58%) vSphere
5 10 (0.53%) Firmware
6 8 (0.42%) VMware ESXi
7 7 (0.37%) Hyper-V
7 7 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.32%) XenApp
9 5 (0.26%) Terminal Services
9 5 (0.26%) VMware NSX
10 4 (0.21%) BitLocker
10 4 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
11 3 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.16%) DFS Replication
11 3 (0.16%) vCloud
11 3 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
12 2 (0.11%) HDFS
12 2 (0.11%) IAG
12 2 (0.11%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 118 (6.20%) Kubernetes
2 99 (5.20%) Terraform
3 53 (2.78%) Ansible
4 26 (1.37%) Opscode Chef
5 16 (0.84%) SCCM
6 15 (0.79%) Grafana
6 15 (0.79%) Puppet
7 14 (0.74%) Microsoft Intune
7 14 (0.74%) Prometheus
8 12 (0.63%) Istio
9 10 (0.53%) Consul
9 10 (0.53%) SCOM
9 10 (0.53%) Single Sign-On
10 9 (0.47%) Fluentd
10 9 (0.47%) Kibana
10 9 (0.47%) logstash
10 9 (0.47%) Rancher
11 7 (0.37%) vRealize
12 6 (0.32%) McAfee ePO
12 6 (0.32%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 290 (15.23%) Microsoft
2 105 (5.51%) Oracle
3 68 (3.57%) SAP
4 65 (3.41%) VMware
5 64 (3.36%) Cisco
6 62 (3.26%) Google
7 47 (2.47%) Adobe
8 45 (2.36%) Splunk
9 42 (2.21%) Salesforce.com
10 36 (1.89%) IBM
11 26 (1.37%) ServiceNow
12 21 (1.10%) Atlassian
12 21 (1.10%) Databricks
13 19 (1.00%) HP
14 17 (0.89%) Huawei
15 15 (0.79%) Citrix
15 15 (0.79%) MuleSoft
15 15 (0.79%) Red Hat
16 14 (0.74%) Juniper
17 13 (0.68%) Nokia