Period
to 23 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 23 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 53 46 41
Rank change year-on-year -7 -5 -6
Contract jobs citing Degree 3,647 4,394 4,365
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.35% 4.67% 4.98%
As % of the Qualifications category 22.77% 24.85% 25.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,120 2,530 2,725
England median daily rate £475 £450 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £262 £263 £250
90th Percentile £675 £650 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 224 257 223
England median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £29.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.00% +29.31% -7.94%
10th Percentile £16.08 £15.30 £12.77
90th Percentile £63.75 £53.15 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £36.25 £30.00
% change year-on-year +10.34% +20.83% -7.69%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 16,015 17,681 17,301
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.09% 18.77% 19.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,738 10,474 10,611
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £275 £250 £260
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +5.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 709 870 876
England median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £29.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% -15.25% +7.27%
10th Percentile £12.73 £13.00 £12.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £50.25 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £29.92
% change year-on-year +40.00% -16.44% +6.86%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Degree in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 23 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 23 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 23 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 1,841 £520 +4.00% 1,069
South East -3 775 £450 +5.88% 752
North of England -26 305 £425 +6.25% 518
Midlands +3 270 £450 +5.88% 405
South West +2 243 £425 +13.33% 349
East of England +6 195 £425 - 472
West Midlands +13 171 £500 +5.26% 248
North West -21 158 £438 +9.38% 289
Yorkshire -28 107 £400 -5.88% 160
East Midlands -7 93 £413 +1.85% 155
North East -34 41 £415 +5.06% 69
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 23 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,199 (32.88%) Agile Software Development
2 1,196 (32.79%) Computer Science
3 934 (25.61%) Finance
4 680 (18.65%) Analytical Skills
5 625 (17.14%) Computer Science Degree
6 609 (16.70%) Microsoft
7 604 (16.56%) SQL
8 551 (15.11%) Problem-Solving
9 532 (14.59%) Java
10 508 (13.93%) Project Management
11 497 (13.63%) Python
12 462 (12.67%) Mathematics
13 444 (12.17%) JavaScript
14 411 (11.27%) Analytics
15 406 (11.13%) Software Engineering
16 399 (10.94%) Linux
17 386 (10.58%) Windows
18 380 (10.42%) Scrum
19 375 (10.28%) Security Cleared
20 326 (8.94%) ITIL
21 324 (8.88%) Microsoft Azure
21 324 (8.88%) DevOps
22 320 (8.77%) C#
23 307 (8.42%) HTML
24 302 (8.28%) Amazon AWS
25 292 (8.01%) Master's Degree
26 289 (7.92%) C++
27 278 (7.62%) .NET
28 275 (7.54%) User Experience
29 274 (7.51%) Microsoft Excel

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 101 (2.77%) Apache Spark
2 95 (2.60%) SharePoint
3 76 (2.08%) Confluence
4 59 (1.62%) Skype for Business
5 57 (1.56%) SAS
6 47 (1.29%) Elasticsearch
7 44 (1.21%) Apache
8 34 (0.93%) IIS
9 33 (0.90%) MS Exchange
10 26 (0.71%) CMS
10 26 (0.71%) Tomcat
11 17 (0.47%) JBoss
12 14 (0.38%) BizTalk Server
13 11 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 10 (0.27%) ArcGIS
14 10 (0.27%) WebSphere
15 9 (0.25%) Exchange Server 2010
15 9 (0.25%) Jupyter
15 9 (0.25%) nginx
15 9 (0.25%) WebLogic
Applications
1 274 (7.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 254 (6.96%) Microsoft Office
3 139 (3.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 58 (1.59%) MS Visio
5 55 (1.51%) Sketch
6 47 (1.29%) Microsoft Project
7 29 (0.80%) Photoshop
8 21 (0.58%) SPSS
9 20 (0.55%) Adobe Illustrator
9 20 (0.55%) Spreadsheet
10 18 (0.49%) InVision
11 14 (0.38%) Stata
11 14 (0.38%) Zeplin
12 12 (0.33%) AutoCAD
12 12 (0.33%) Figma
13 11 (0.30%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 11 (0.30%) Adobe XD
14 9 (0.25%) Simulink
15 8 (0.22%) OmniGraffle
16 7 (0.19%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 24 (0.66%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 21 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
3 16 (0.44%) SAP S/4HANA
4 11 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
4 11 (0.30%) Remedy ITSM
5 10 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
5 10 (0.27%) SAP ERP
6 9 (0.25%) Oracle General Ledger
6 9 (0.25%) SAP HR
7 8 (0.22%) HFM
7 8 (0.22%) Markit EDM
7 8 (0.22%) Oracle Cash Management
7 8 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
8 7 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
8 7 (0.19%) NetSuite
8 7 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 6 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
10 5 (0.14%) Oracle Assets
10 5 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 5 (0.14%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 324 (8.88%) Microsoft Azure
2 302 (8.28%) Amazon AWS
3 122 (3.35%) Office 365
4 95 (2.60%) Google Cloud Platform
5 90 (2.47%) Power Platform
6 80 (2.19%) SaaS
7 54 (1.48%) PaaS
8 51 (1.40%) GitHub
8 51 (1.40%) IaaS
9 48 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
10 41 (1.12%) Serverless
11 37 (1.01%) Amazon S3
12 31 (0.85%) Amazon EC2
13 26 (0.71%) Azure Active Directory
14 24 (0.66%) Amazon EMR
14 24 (0.66%) Dynamics 365
14 24 (0.66%) Google Analytics
15 22 (0.60%) Adobe Analytics
16 21 (0.58%) AWS CloudFormation
17 20 (0.55%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 142 (3.89%) Firewall
2 114 (3.13%) Internet
3 105 (2.88%) TCP/IP
4 85 (2.33%) Wireless
5 82 (2.25%) WAN
6 75 (2.06%) LAN
7 73 (2.00%) VPN
8 71 (1.95%) Skype
9 70 (1.92%) Ethernet
10 66 (1.81%) DNS
11 62 (1.70%) Network Security
12 40 (1.10%) MPLS
13 32 (0.88%) DHCP
14 29 (0.80%) SAN
15 28 (0.77%) SSL
16 26 (0.71%) Intranet
17 24 (0.66%) LTE
17 24 (0.66%) Unified Communications
18 22 (0.60%) BGP
19 21 (0.58%) 3GPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 246 (6.75%) SQL Server
2 173 (4.74%) Big Data
3 123 (3.37%) Relational Database
4 117 (3.21%) Hadoop
5 102 (2.80%) Data Warehouse
6 95 (2.60%) MySQL
7 88 (2.41%) Power BI
8 85 (2.33%) NoSQL
9 58 (1.59%) PostgreSQL
10 54 (1.48%) MongoDB
11 46 (1.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 45 (1.23%) Apache Cassandra
13 42 (1.15%) Oracle Database
13 42 (1.15%) RDBMS
14 41 (1.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 39 (1.07%) Amazon RDS
16 37 (1.01%) QlikView
17 36 (0.99%) Data Mining
18 31 (0.85%) BusinessObjects
19 28 (0.77%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 253 (6.94%) Git (software)
2 213 (5.84%) JIRA
3 187 (5.13%) Jenkins
4 98 (2.69%) Visual Studio
5 67 (1.84%) Maven
6 65 (1.78%) Visual Studio Team System
7 56 (1.54%) Rational DOORS
8 55 (1.51%) Selenium
9 54 (1.48%) Cucumber
10 46 (1.26%) Eclipse
11 41 (1.12%) Bitbucket
12 37 (1.01%) Subversion
13 35 (0.96%) webpack
14 34 (0.93%) NetBeans
15 31 (0.85%) JUnit
16 30 (0.82%) Team Foundation Server
17 29 (0.80%) Gradle
17 29 (0.80%) TeamCity
18 26 (0.71%) Axure RP
19 19 (0.52%) JMeter
General
1 934 (25.61%) Finance
2 269 (7.38%) Banking
3 253 (6.94%) Marketing
4 207 (5.68%) Telecoms
5 149 (4.09%) Retail
6 107 (2.93%) Legal
7 88 (2.41%) Manufacturing
8 82 (2.25%) Financial Institution
9 81 (2.22%) Front Office
10 77 (2.11%) Electronics
11 76 (2.08%) Aerospace
12 75 (2.06%) Pharmaceutical
13 64 (1.75%) Investment Banking
14 61 (1.67%) Military
15 55 (1.51%) Law
16 52 (1.43%) Advertising
17 49 (1.34%) Back Office
18 36 (0.99%) German Language
19 33 (0.90%) Publishing
20 30 (0.82%) Billing
Job Titles
1 708 (19.41%) Developer
2 506 (13.87%) Analyst
3 289 (7.92%) Architect
4 181 (4.96%) Project Manager
5 165 (4.52%) Business Analyst
6 136 (3.73%) Consultant
7 133 (3.65%) Designer
8 125 (3.43%) Java Developer
9 119 (3.26%) Software Engineer
10 97 (2.66%) Solutions Architect
11 96 (2.63%) Data Scientist
12 91 (2.50%) Data Engineer
12 91 (2.50%) Senior Developer
13 76 (2.08%) Software Developer
14 74 (2.03%) User Researcher
15 67 (1.84%) IT Manager
16 64 (1.75%) C# Developer
17 62 (1.70%) UX Designer
18 61 (1.67%) Data Analyst
19 59 (1.62%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 307 (8.42%) HTML
2 278 (7.62%) .NET
3 255 (6.99%) Web Services
4 249 (6.83%) CSS
5 176 (4.83%) AngularJS
6 162 (4.44%) REST
7 156 (4.28%) XML
8 135 (3.70%) Node.js
8 135 (3.70%) React
9 129 (3.54%) RESTful
10 116 (3.18%) Spring
11 106 (2.91%) JSON
12 94 (2.58%) HTML5
13 89 (2.44%) Kafka
14 82 (2.25%) SOAP
15 76 (2.08%) ASP.NET
16 60 (1.65%) Middleware
17 54 (1.48%) .NET Framework
17 54 (1.48%) CSS3
17 54 (1.48%) Natural Language Processing
Miscellaneous
1 680 (18.65%) Analytical Skills
2 275 (7.54%) User Experience
3 249 (6.83%) Management Information System
4 174 (4.77%) Self-Motivation
5 169 (4.63%) Algorithms
6 100 (2.74%) Data Centre
7 96 (2.63%) Virtual Team
8 86 (2.36%) Data Structures
9 69 (1.89%) Mobile App
10 63 (1.73%) Greenfield Project
11 61 (1.67%) Enterprise Software
12 59 (1.62%) Public Cloud
13 57 (1.56%) Embedded Systems
14 51 (1.40%) Hedge funds
15 37 (1.01%) PMI
16 34 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
17 33 (0.90%) NHS
18 32 (0.88%) Replication
19 31 (0.85%) Clustering
19 31 (0.85%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 399 (10.94%) Linux
2 386 (10.58%) Windows
3 164 (4.50%) Unix
4 93 (2.55%) Windows Server
5 68 (1.86%) Android
6 62 (1.70%) Windows 10
7 53 (1.45%) Apple iOS
8 37 (1.01%) Windows 7
9 23 (0.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 21 (0.58%) Solaris
11 19 (0.52%) Windows Server 2012
12 15 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
13 14 (0.38%) Windows Server 2003
14 12 (0.33%) Embedded Linux
14 12 (0.33%) Ubuntu
15 9 (0.25%) CentOS
16 8 (0.22%) VMS
17 7 (0.19%) AIX
17 7 (0.19%) Mac OS
18 6 (0.16%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,199 (32.88%) Agile Software Development
2 1,196 (32.79%) Computer Science
3 551 (15.11%) Problem-Solving
4 508 (13.93%) Project Management
5 462 (12.67%) Mathematics
6 411 (11.27%) Analytics
7 406 (11.13%) Software Engineering
8 380 (10.42%) Scrum
9 326 (8.94%) ITIL
10 324 (8.88%) DevOps
11 245 (6.72%) Stakeholder Management
11 245 (6.72%) Test Automation
12 225 (6.17%) TDD
13 211 (5.79%) Data Science
14 204 (5.59%) Change Management
14 204 (5.59%) Migration
15 201 (5.51%) PRINCE2
16 197 (5.40%) Decision-Making
17 196 (5.37%) Continuous Integration
18 195 (5.35%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 604 (16.56%) SQL
2 532 (14.59%) Java
3 497 (13.63%) Python
4 444 (12.17%) JavaScript
5 320 (8.77%) C#
6 289 (7.92%) C++
7 183 (5.02%) C
8 96 (2.63%) R
9 95 (2.60%) PowerShell
10 94 (2.58%) Perl
11 87 (2.39%) Scala
12 74 (2.03%) TypeScript
13 65 (1.78%) Shell Script
14 52 (1.43%) PHP
15 51 (1.40%) PL/SQL
16 50 (1.37%) Bash Shell
17 38 (1.04%) T-SQL
17 38 (1.04%) VBA
18 37 (1.01%) Java 8
19 36 (0.99%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 625 (17.14%) Computer Science Degree
2 375 (10.28%) Security Cleared
3 292 (8.01%) Master's Degree
4 273 (7.49%) SC Cleared
5 126 (3.45%) Cisco Certification
6 113 (3.10%) PhD
7 110 (3.02%) CISSP
8 94 (2.58%) Microsoft Certification
9 88 (2.41%) PMI Certification
10 76 (2.08%) ISTQB
11 74 (2.03%) Numerate Degree
12 70 (1.92%) DV Cleared
13 69 (1.89%) HND
14 68 (1.86%) CISM
14 68 (1.86%) ISEB
15 64 (1.75%) PMP
16 58 (1.59%) CCNP
17 56 (1.54%) CCNA
18 47 (1.29%) HNC
18 47 (1.29%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 259 (7.10%) QA
2 80 (2.19%) SLA
3 62 (1.70%) PMO
4 50 (1.37%) GDPR
5 49 (1.34%) Data Quality
6 38 (1.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 32 (0.88%) PCI DSS
8 28 (0.77%) COBIT
8 28 (0.77%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 25 (0.69%) NIST
10 19 (0.52%) MISRA
11 8 (0.22%) GMP
11 8 (0.22%) GxP
11 8 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 7 (0.19%) Actionable Recommendations
12 7 (0.19%) IFRS
12 7 (0.19%) MISRA C
13 6 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
13 6 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 6 (0.16%) P3O
System Software
1 163 (4.47%) Docker
2 140 (3.84%) Active Directory
3 60 (1.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (0.80%) Firmware
5 28 (0.77%) Hyper-V
6 18 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
7 17 (0.47%) VMware ESXi
7 17 (0.47%) vSphere
8 11 (0.30%) HDFS
9 10 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 9 (0.25%) LXC
10 9 (0.25%) XenApp
11 7 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.14%) Slurm Workload Manager
12 5 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
12 5 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
12 5 (0.14%) XenDesktop
13 4 (0.11%) BitLocker
13 4 (0.11%) OpenAM
13 4 (0.11%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 83 (2.28%) Kubernetes
2 71 (1.95%) Ansible
3 46 (1.26%) Puppet
4 43 (1.18%) SCCM
4 43 (1.18%) Terraform
5 29 (0.80%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
7 20 (0.55%) Control-M
8 17 (0.47%) SCOM
9 16 (0.44%) Nagios
9 16 (0.44%) Netcool
10 15 (0.41%) Kibana
11 14 (0.38%) Microsoft Intune
12 10 (0.27%) HP ALM
12 10 (0.27%) Microsoft Clustering
13 8 (0.22%) Nessus
13 8 (0.22%) Oozie
13 8 (0.22%) SCVMM
14 7 (0.19%) ITRS Geneos
14 7 (0.19%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 609 (16.70%) Microsoft
2 248 (6.80%) Oracle
3 168 (4.61%) SAP
4 138 (3.78%) Google
5 136 (3.73%) Cisco
6 119 (3.26%) Salesforce.com
7 100 (2.74%) VMware
8 90 (2.47%) Tableau
9 86 (2.36%) Adobe
10 49 (1.34%) Splunk
11 47 (1.29%) Citrix
12 37 (1.01%) HP
13 36 (0.99%) Remedy
14 35 (0.96%) Red Hat
15 34 (0.93%) Juniper
16 33 (0.90%) IBM
17 32 (0.88%) ServiceNow
18 29 (0.80%) Atlassian
19 27 (0.74%) BMC
19 27 (0.74%) Cadence