Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 52 50 51
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 +5
Contract jobs citing Degree 3,094 2,484 1,707
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.27% 4.71% 4.63%
As % of the Qualifications category 21.15% 23.41% 19.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,914 1,434 1,019
10th Percentile £332 £310 £250
25th Percentile £425 £400 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £544 £525 £455
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +15.38% -4.21%
75th Percentile £650 £613 £575
90th Percentile £771 £713 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £450
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 201 183 89
10th Percentile £16.00 £16.03 £15.70
25th Percentile £24.00 £23.75 £19.50
Median hourly rate £41.50 £40.50 £32.50
Median % change year-on-year +2.47% +24.62% -18.75%
75th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £69.35 £62.00 £57.00
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £41.68 £34.34
% change year-on-year -0.43% +21.38% -14.16%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 14,629 10,610 8,847
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.17% 20.12% 23.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,881 6,804 5,832
10th Percentile £348 £306 £300
25th Percentile £430 £400 £398
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £530 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +6.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £725 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £530 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.96% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 678 541 310
10th Percentile £13.68 £13.25 £15.00
25th Percentile £19.06 £17.47 £18.00
Median hourly rate £41.56 £33.50 £27.75
Median % change year-on-year +24.06% +20.74% -16.15%
75th Percentile £60.00 £52.50 £48.17
90th Percentile £70.00 £63.75 £59.78
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £32.50 £30.03
% change year-on-year +36.92% +8.24% -10.10%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Daily rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London 0 1,765 £563 +2.41% 571
South East +1 458 £450 -7.69% 311
North of England -11 225 £425 -15.08% 310
East of England -3 178 £475 +11.76% 233
Midlands -17 157 £475 +18.75% 236
North West -4 135 £425 -15.00% 173
South West -15 125 £540 +27.06% 164
West Midlands -14 109 £500 +19.40% 168
Yorkshire -14 77 £450 -11.76% 85
East Midlands -13 47 £450 +26.76% 68
North East -4 13 £273 -16.15% 52
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,274 (41.18%) Social Skills
2 1,053 (34.03%) Agile
3 1,020 (32.97%) Computer Science
4 896 (28.96%) Finance
5 622 (20.10%) Project Management
6 606 (19.59%) Computer Science Degree
7 605 (19.55%) Analytical Skills
8 566 (18.29%) Microsoft
9 489 (15.80%) Problem-Solving
10 455 (14.71%) SQL
11 440 (14.22%) Azure
12 429 (13.87%) Python
13 412 (13.32%) Java
14 335 (10.83%) Mathematics
15 323 (10.44%) Management Information System
16 320 (10.34%) Analytics
17 305 (9.86%) Software Engineering
18 302 (9.76%) Scrum
18 302 (9.76%) ITIL
19 296 (9.57%) Stakeholder Management
20 293 (9.47%) DevOps
21 281 (9.08%) JavaScript
22 280 (9.05%) Windows
23 271 (8.76%) C#
23 271 (8.76%) Banking
24 268 (8.66%) Risk Management
25 251 (8.11%) User Experience
26 246 (7.95%) Linux
26 246 (7.95%) Project Delivery
27 243 (7.85%) AWS

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (2.39%) Confluence
2 68 (2.20%) SharePoint
3 44 (1.42%) Apache Spark
4 33 (1.07%) SAS
5 23 (0.74%) WebSphere
6 22 (0.71%) IIS
7 20 (0.65%) Oracle Coherence
8 18 (0.58%) CMS
9 13 (0.42%) Apache
10 11 (0.36%) OpenStack
11 10 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 10 (0.32%) Tomcat
12 8 (0.26%) Skype for Business
12 8 (0.26%) WebLogic
13 7 (0.23%) MS Exchange
14 6 (0.19%) Apache Airflow
15 5 (0.16%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 5 (0.16%) BizTalk Server
15 5 (0.16%) Ethereum
16 4 (0.13%) WordPress
Applications
1 205 (6.63%) Microsoft Office
2 194 (6.27%) Microsoft Excel
3 110 (3.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 60 (1.94%) MS Visio
5 56 (1.81%) Microsoft Project
6 22 (0.71%) Spreadsheet
7 18 (0.58%) Adobe Illustrator
8 17 (0.55%) Photoshop
9 15 (0.48%) Adobe XD
9 15 (0.48%) Stata
10 14 (0.45%) Sketch
11 13 (0.42%) OrCAD
11 13 (0.42%) SPSS
12 10 (0.32%) Chatbot
13 9 (0.29%) Simulink
14 8 (0.26%) InVision
15 5 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
16 4 (0.13%) AutoCAD
17 3 (0.097%) CATIA
17 3 (0.097%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 21 (0.68%) NetSuite
2 19 (0.61%) SAP S/4HANA
3 12 (0.39%) HiPortfolio
4 10 (0.32%) Maximo
4 10 (0.32%) Oracle Payables
5 9 (0.29%) Oracle ERP
6 8 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
6 8 (0.26%) Oracle Receivables
6 8 (0.26%) SAP BPC
7 7 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
7 7 (0.23%) Primavera
7 7 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
7 7 (0.23%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 7 (0.23%) Teamcenter
7 7 (0.23%) Workday HCM
8 6 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
8 6 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
8 6 (0.19%) Oracle SCM
8 6 (0.19%) SAP EWM
8 6 (0.19%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 440 (14.22%) Azure
2 243 (7.85%) AWS
3 141 (4.56%) Microsoft 365
4 102 (3.30%) GCP
4 102 (3.30%) Power Platform
5 89 (2.88%) SaaS
6 73 (2.36%) Serverless
7 58 (1.87%) Azure DevOps
8 53 (1.71%) Cloud Computing
9 49 (1.58%) IaaS
10 42 (1.36%) Azure Active Directory
10 42 (1.36%) GitHub
11 39 (1.26%) PaaS
12 28 (0.90%) Amazon S3
13 27 (0.87%) OpenShift
14 26 (0.84%) AWS Lambda
15 25 (0.81%) AWS CloudFormation
16 21 (0.68%) Azure Functions
17 18 (0.58%) Azure Data Factory
17 18 (0.58%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 125 (4.04%) Firewall
2 99 (3.20%) WAN
3 76 (2.46%) LAN
4 69 (2.23%) Wireless
5 66 (2.13%) TCP/IP
6 60 (1.94%) DNS
7 58 (1.87%) Internet
8 54 (1.75%) VPN
9 50 (1.62%) Ethernet
10 46 (1.49%) Network Security
11 40 (1.29%) DHCP
12 38 (1.23%) BGP
13 36 (1.16%) Wi-Fi
14 32 (1.03%) SD-WAN
15 31 (1.00%) SAN
16 30 (0.97%) IPsec
17 29 (0.94%) 5G
18 28 (0.90%) OSPF
19 24 (0.78%) 3G
19 24 (0.78%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 149 (4.82%) SQL Server
2 100 (3.23%) Power BI
3 91 (2.94%) Big Data
4 83 (2.68%) Relational Database
5 82 (2.65%) Data Warehouse
6 72 (2.33%) PostgreSQL
7 60 (1.94%) NoSQL
8 48 (1.55%) Tableau
9 43 (1.39%) Metadata
10 41 (1.33%) MongoDB
11 40 (1.29%) MySQL
12 34 (1.10%) DB2
13 32 (1.03%) Oracle Reports
14 30 (0.97%) Oracle Database
15 29 (0.94%) Data Lake
16 26 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
17 24 (0.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 20 (0.65%) Redis
19 19 (0.61%) GIS
20 18 (0.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 186 (6.01%) Git (software)
2 184 (5.95%) JIRA
3 124 (4.01%) Jenkins
4 75 (2.42%) Visual Studio
5 65 (2.10%) Bitbucket
6 52 (1.68%) GitLab
7 48 (1.55%) Eclipse
8 45 (1.45%) Maven
9 36 (1.16%) JUnit
9 36 (1.16%) TeamCity
10 30 (0.97%) Gradle
10 30 (0.97%) IntelliJ
10 30 (0.97%) SonarQube
11 24 (0.78%) webpack
12 23 (0.74%) Cucumber
13 22 (0.71%) Subversion
14 20 (0.65%) Mockito
15 19 (0.61%) git-flow
16 18 (0.58%) Axure RP
16 18 (0.58%) Selenium
General
1 1,274 (41.18%) Social Skills
2 896 (28.96%) Finance
3 605 (19.55%) Analytical Skills
4 271 (8.76%) Banking
5 227 (7.34%) Presentation Skills
6 193 (6.24%) Public Sector
7 176 (5.69%) Influencing Skills
8 169 (5.46%) Telecoms
9 158 (5.11%) Legal
10 151 (4.88%) Marketing
11 139 (4.49%) Front Office
12 124 (4.01%) Investment Banking
13 120 (3.88%) Retail
14 83 (2.68%) Manufacturing
15 68 (2.20%) Organisational Skills
16 57 (1.84%) Pharmaceutical
17 56 (1.81%) Electronics
18 45 (1.45%) Financial Institution
19 40 (1.29%) Automotive
19 40 (1.29%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 459 (14.84%) Developer
2 422 (13.64%) Analyst
3 273 (8.82%) Architect
4 238 (7.69%) Project Manager
5 147 (4.75%) Java Developer
6 137 (4.43%) Business Analyst
6 137 (4.43%) Designer
7 123 (3.98%) Consultant
8 106 (3.43%) Data Analyst
9 102 (3.30%) Solutions Architect
10 88 (2.84%) Software Engineer
11 76 (2.46%) Data Engineer
11 76 (2.46%) Senior Developer
12 64 (2.07%) IT Manager
13 59 (1.91%) UX Designer
14 56 (1.81%) .NET Developer
15 54 (1.75%) Senior Designer
16 48 (1.55%) C++ Developer
16 48 (1.55%) Delivery Manager
17 47 (1.52%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 198 (6.40%) HTML
2 180 (5.82%) .NET
3 176 (5.69%) CSS
4 124 (4.01%) React
5 108 (3.49%) REST
6 89 (2.88%) JSON
7 85 (2.75%) AngularJS
8 80 (2.59%) Node.js
9 76 (2.46%) Web Services
10 75 (2.42%) RESTful
11 70 (2.26%) Kafka
12 69 (2.23%) Spring
13 58 (1.87%) .NET Framework
14 54 (1.75%) HTML5
15 51 (1.65%) XML
16 45 (1.45%) .NET Core
17 43 (1.39%) Middleware
18 41 (1.33%) Spring Boot
19 36 (1.16%) Redux
19 36 (1.16%) Velocity
Miscellaneous
1 323 (10.44%) Management Information System
2 251 (8.11%) User Experience
3 158 (5.11%) Self-Motivation
4 121 (3.91%) Data Centre
5 113 (3.65%) Algorithms
6 97 (3.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 73 (2.36%) Data Structures
8 60 (1.94%) PMI
9 53 (1.71%) NHS
10 49 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
10 49 (1.58%) Public Cloud
11 45 (1.45%) Derivative
12 41 (1.33%) Mobile App
13 40 (1.29%) Virtual Team
14 39 (1.26%) Cloud Native
15 35 (1.13%) Social Media
16 34 (1.10%) Video Conferencing
17 33 (1.07%) Renewable Energy
18 29 (0.94%) Reference Data
19 28 (0.90%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 280 (9.05%) Windows
2 246 (7.95%) Linux
3 93 (3.01%) Unix
4 65 (2.10%) Windows Server
5 46 (1.49%) Windows 10
6 38 (1.23%) Android
7 31 (1.00%) Apple iOS
8 27 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 17 (0.55%) Windows 7
10 11 (0.36%) HPUX
10 11 (0.36%) Mac OS
11 8 (0.26%) MVS
12 7 (0.23%) Solaris
13 6 (0.19%) Windows Server 2016
14 5 (0.16%) CentOS
14 5 (0.16%) Windows 2000
14 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
14 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
14 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2019
14 5 (0.16%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,053 (34.03%) Agile
2 1,020 (32.97%) Computer Science
3 622 (20.10%) Project Management
4 489 (15.80%) Problem-Solving
5 335 (10.83%) Mathematics
6 320 (10.34%) Analytics
7 305 (9.86%) Software Engineering
8 302 (9.76%) ITIL
8 302 (9.76%) Scrum
9 296 (9.57%) Stakeholder Management
10 293 (9.47%) DevOps
11 268 (8.66%) Risk Management
12 246 (7.95%) Project Delivery
13 234 (7.56%) CI/CD
14 208 (6.72%) PRINCE2
15 203 (6.56%) Business Intelligence
16 194 (6.27%) Decision-Making
17 185 (5.98%) Information Security
18 180 (5.82%) Continuous Improvement
19 178 (5.75%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 455 (14.71%) SQL
2 429 (13.87%) Python
3 412 (13.32%) Java
4 281 (9.08%) JavaScript
5 271 (8.76%) C#
6 213 (6.88%) C++
7 127 (4.10%) C
8 116 (3.75%) PowerShell
9 80 (2.59%) Scala
10 64 (2.07%) R
11 55 (1.78%) TypeScript
12 51 (1.65%) Go
13 43 (1.39%) Bash
14 38 (1.23%) VBA
15 35 (1.13%) Kotlin
16 33 (1.07%) PL/SQL
17 31 (1.00%) Shell Script
18 27 (0.87%) MATLAB
19 24 (0.78%) ES6
20 23 (0.74%) Perl
Qualifications
1 606 (19.59%) Computer Science Degree
2 223 (7.21%) Security Cleared
3 200 (6.46%) Master's Degree
4 164 (5.30%) SC Cleared
5 120 (3.88%) CISSP
6 116 (3.75%) PMI Certification
6 116 (3.75%) PMP
7 98 (3.17%) Numerate Degree
8 92 (2.97%) Microsoft Certification
9 83 (2.68%) CISM
10 81 (2.62%) Cisco Certification
11 67 (2.17%) PhD
12 59 (1.91%) CISA
13 58 (1.87%) MCSE
14 52 (1.68%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
15 47 (1.52%) ITIL Certification
16 42 (1.36%) CCNA
17 38 (1.23%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
18 37 (1.20%) ISEB
18 37 (1.20%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 167 (5.40%) QA
2 94 (3.04%) GDPR
3 83 (2.68%) Data Quality
4 77 (2.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 75 (2.42%) NIST
6 69 (2.23%) PMO
7 64 (2.07%) SLA
8 37 (1.20%) Accessibility
9 25 (0.81%) PCI DSS
10 22 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 19 (0.61%) NIST 800
12 16 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 11 (0.36%) NCSC
14 10 (0.32%) COBIT
14 10 (0.32%) ISO 20022
15 9 (0.29%) IFRS
16 8 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
16 8 (0.26%) GRC
16 8 (0.26%) GxP
16 8 (0.26%) MiFID
System Software
1 141 (4.56%) Active Directory
2 108 (3.49%) Docker
3 96 (3.10%) VMware Infrastructure
4 32 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
5 29 (0.94%) vSphere
6 25 (0.81%) Firmware
7 23 (0.74%) VMware ESXi
8 14 (0.45%) VMware NSX
9 11 (0.36%) Hyper-V
9 11 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
10 6 (0.19%) Microsoft App-V
11 5 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
11 5 (0.16%) XenApp
11 5 (0.16%) XenDesktop
12 4 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
13 3 (0.097%) BitLocker
13 3 (0.097%) Xen
14 2 (0.065%) PowerHA
14 2 (0.065%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 1 (0.032%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 131 (4.23%) Kubernetes
2 103 (3.33%) Terraform
3 74 (2.39%) Ansible
4 44 (1.42%) SCCM
5 28 (0.90%) Single Sign-On
6 19 (0.61%) Grafana
6 19 (0.61%) ITRS Geneos
7 18 (0.58%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 17 (0.55%) CSIRT
8 17 (0.55%) Prometheus
8 17 (0.55%) Puppet
9 13 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
10 9 (0.29%) HP ALM
11 8 (0.26%) Microsoft Clustering
12 7 (0.23%) Microsoft Intune
13 6 (0.19%) CloudForms
13 6 (0.19%) Failover Clustering
13 6 (0.19%) Kibana
13 6 (0.19%) McAfee ePO
13 6 (0.19%) Oracle Identity Management
Vendors
1 566 (18.29%) Microsoft
2 234 (7.56%) Oracle
3 184 (5.95%) SAP
4 151 (4.88%) Cisco
5 121 (3.91%) VMware
6 82 (2.65%) ServiceNow
7 78 (2.52%) Google
8 59 (1.91%) IBM
9 57 (1.84%) Salesforce.com
10 53 (1.71%) Adobe
11 46 (1.49%) HP
12 42 (1.36%) Citrix
13 41 (1.33%) Splunk
14 40 (1.29%) Juniper
14 40 (1.29%) Red Hat
15 39 (1.26%) Databricks
16 29 (0.94%) Remedy
17 28 (0.90%) Palo Alto
18 26 (0.84%) Atlassian
19 22 (0.71%) McAfee