Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 51 53 52
Rank change year-on-year +2 -1 -3
Contract jobs citing Degree 2,834 1,102 3,608
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.37% 4.31% 4.54%
As % of the Qualifications category 23.31% 16.72% 23.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,672 682 2,138
10th Percentile £313 £250 £260
25th Percentile £413 £350 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £450 £475
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £638 £575 £580
90th Percentile £738 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £450 £463
% change year-on-year +16.67% -2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 174 49 210
10th Percentile £14.73 £17.49 £14.94
25th Percentile £23.00 £21.66 £26.56
Median hourly rate £42.75 £33.75 £44.42
Median % change year-on-year +26.67% -24.02% +16.92%
75th Percentile £54.85 £42.75 £52.50
90th Percentile £65.45 £52.75 £70.25
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £33.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year +25.93% -20.59% +16.84%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 12,160 6,592 15,660
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 18.73% 25.76% 19.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,869 4,469 9,959
10th Percentile £310 £300 £263
25th Percentile £408 £400 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £481 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +1.21% +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £465
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.15% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 582 214 649
10th Percentile £12.30 £15.44 £13.75
25th Percentile £16.25 £20.81 £17.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £32.88 £40.00
Median % change year-on-year +6.46% -17.81% +74.44%
75th Percentile £54.47 £48.61 £50.00
90th Percentile £65.54 £64.50 £60.10
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £31.61 £40.00
% change year-on-year +10.72% -20.98% +74.18%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Daily rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 1,656 £550 +15.79% 879
South East +7 453 £494 +9.78% 473
North of England -29 187 £503 +13.30% 425
East of England +10 156 £360 -24.21% 317
Midlands -21 121 £425 +21.43% 300
South West -13 117 £475 +9.78% 211
North West -20 105 £511 +13.61% 243
West Midlands -14 71 £483 +13.53% 197
Yorkshire -15 71 £500 +12.36% 120
East Midlands -26 48 £320 +1.59% 102
North East -8 10 £565 +32.94% 62
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,199 (42.31%) Social Skills
2 994 (35.07%) Agile Software Development
3 960 (33.87%) Computer Science
4 919 (32.43%) Finance
5 564 (19.90%) Analytical Skills
6 546 (19.27%) Python
7 509 (17.96%) Problem-Solving
8 502 (17.71%) SQL
9 483 (17.04%) Computer Science Degree
10 464 (16.37%) Azure
11 453 (15.98%) Project Management
12 432 (15.24%) Java
13 423 (14.93%) Analytics
14 422 (14.89%) AWS
15 406 (14.33%) Microsoft
16 350 (12.35%) Mathematics
17 342 (12.07%) JavaScript
18 333 (11.75%) DevOps
19 317 (11.19%) Software Engineering
20 306 (10.80%) Scrum
21 269 (9.49%) HTML
22 257 (9.07%) Windows
23 251 (8.86%) User Experience
24 249 (8.79%) Security Cleared
25 247 (8.72%) Presentation Skills
26 243 (8.57%) Management Information System
27 241 (8.50%) Git (software)
28 238 (8.40%) Decision-Making
29 235 (8.29%) C#
30 230 (8.12%) Microsoft Excel

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (3.60%) Apache Spark
2 90 (3.18%) SharePoint
3 69 (2.43%) Confluence
4 38 (1.34%) CMS
5 31 (1.09%) Apache
6 30 (1.06%) SAS
7 24 (0.85%) IIS
7 24 (0.85%) Luigi
8 23 (0.81%) Apache Airflow
8 23 (0.81%) Jupyter
9 19 (0.67%) Elasticsearch
10 18 (0.64%) OpenStack
11 14 (0.49%) Tomcat
12 13 (0.46%) nginx
12 13 (0.46%) WebSphere
13 12 (0.42%) MS Exchange
13 12 (0.42%) Oracle Coherence
13 12 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 9 (0.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 9 (0.32%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 230 (8.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 148 (5.22%) Microsoft Office
3 120 (4.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 55 (1.94%) MS Visio
5 40 (1.41%) Microsoft Project
6 26 (0.92%) Photoshop
7 16 (0.56%) Adobe Illustrator
8 13 (0.46%) Stata
9 12 (0.42%) Figma
9 12 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
10 9 (0.32%) Simulink
10 9 (0.32%) Sketch
11 8 (0.28%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 8 (0.28%) InVision
12 7 (0.25%) AutoCAD
13 6 (0.21%) PTC Creo
13 6 (0.21%) Windchill
14 5 (0.18%) Revit
15 4 (0.14%) UserZoom
16 3 (0.11%) Adobe After Effects
Business Applications
1 23 (0.81%) ION MarketView
2 16 (0.56%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 13 (0.46%) Teamcenter
4 11 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.35%) Adobe Campaign
5 10 (0.35%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 9 (0.32%) NetSuite
6 9 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
7 6 (0.21%) Magento
7 6 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
7 6 (0.21%) Sprinklr
7 6 (0.21%) Workfront
8 5 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
8 5 (0.18%) Sentinel
9 4 (0.14%) Maximo
9 4 (0.14%) SAP ERP
9 4 (0.14%) SAP EWM
9 4 (0.14%) SAP MDG
9 4 (0.14%) SAP MDM
10 3 (0.11%) HealthRoster
Cloud Services
1 464 (16.37%) Azure
2 422 (14.89%) AWS
3 135 (4.76%) GCP
4 123 (4.34%) Microsoft 365
5 110 (3.88%) Power Platform
6 90 (3.18%) Serverless
7 89 (3.14%) SaaS
8 49 (1.73%) PaaS
9 46 (1.62%) Amazon S3
10 43 (1.52%) IaaS
11 42 (1.48%) AWS CloudFormation
12 41 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
13 40 (1.41%) Azure Active Directory
13 40 (1.41%) GitHub
14 35 (1.24%) Azure Functions
15 34 (1.20%) OpenShift
16 31 (1.09%) Azure Data Factory
17 30 (1.06%) Amazon EMR
17 30 (1.06%) AWS Lambda
18 28 (0.99%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 81 (2.86%) Firewall
2 71 (2.51%) Network Security
3 66 (2.33%) WAN
4 64 (2.26%) LAN
5 54 (1.91%) TCP/IP
5 54 (1.91%) Wireless
6 45 (1.59%) HTTP
6 45 (1.59%) Internet
7 42 (1.48%) DNS
8 35 (1.24%) Wi-Fi
9 33 (1.16%) FTP
10 32 (1.13%) Ethernet
11 30 (1.06%) 4G
11 30 (1.06%) VoIP
11 30 (1.06%) VPN
12 28 (0.99%) 5G
13 26 (0.92%) DHCP
13 26 (0.92%) MPLS
13 26 (0.92%) Radio Access Network
14 22 (0.78%) 2G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 144 (5.08%) SQL Server
2 114 (4.02%) Big Data
3 111 (3.92%) Data Warehouse
4 105 (3.71%) Relational Database
5 102 (3.60%) Power BI
6 89 (3.14%) Hadoop
7 86 (3.03%) Tableau
8 80 (2.82%) NoSQL
9 68 (2.40%) PostgreSQL
10 67 (2.36%) MySQL
11 50 (1.76%) Data Lake
12 46 (1.62%) Metadata
13 45 (1.59%) Apache Cassandra
14 38 (1.34%) Oracle Database
15 31 (1.09%) MongoDB
15 31 (1.09%) RDBMS
16 26 (0.92%) Amazon Redshift
16 26 (0.92%) QlikView
17 23 (0.81%) Apache Hive
18 22 (0.78%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 241 (8.50%) Git (software)
2 169 (5.96%) JIRA
3 118 (4.16%) Jenkins
4 46 (1.62%) Maven
5 42 (1.48%) Visual Studio
6 41 (1.45%) Bitbucket
7 35 (1.24%) Selenium
8 34 (1.20%) GitLab
9 32 (1.13%) Subversion
10 27 (0.95%) Rational DOORS
11 23 (0.81%) Eclipse
12 22 (0.78%) Cucumber
13 19 (0.67%) Postman
13 19 (0.67%) Team Foundation Server
13 19 (0.67%) TeamCity
14 18 (0.64%) SonarQube
15 16 (0.56%) Jasmine
15 16 (0.56%) NetBeans
16 15 (0.53%) IntelliJ
16 15 (0.53%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 1,199 (42.31%) Social Skills
2 919 (32.43%) Finance
3 564 (19.90%) Analytical Skills
4 247 (8.72%) Presentation Skills
5 230 (8.12%) Marketing
6 227 (8.01%) Banking
7 188 (6.63%) Public Sector
8 159 (5.61%) Telecoms
9 132 (4.66%) Legal
10 116 (4.09%) Front Office
11 111 (3.92%) Retail
12 107 (3.78%) Influencing Skills
13 84 (2.96%) Investment Banking
14 66 (2.33%) Manufacturing
15 63 (2.22%) Financial Institution
15 63 (2.22%) Organisational Skills
16 56 (1.98%) Documentation Skills
17 52 (1.83%) Pharmaceutical
18 50 (1.76%) Back Office
19 48 (1.69%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 508 (17.93%) Developer
2 372 (13.13%) Analyst
3 218 (7.69%) Architect
4 150 (5.29%) Project Manager
5 136 (4.80%) Designer
6 121 (4.27%) Java Developer
7 118 (4.16%) Business Analyst
8 112 (3.95%) Consultant
9 97 (3.42%) Data Engineer
10 83 (2.93%) Data Analyst
11 81 (2.86%) Data Scientist
12 78 (2.75%) Software Engineer
13 68 (2.40%) Senior Developer
14 67 (2.36%) UX Designer
15 65 (2.29%) Solutions Architect
16 61 (2.15%) C# Developer
17 59 (2.08%) React Developer
18 58 (2.05%) Full Stack Developer
19 56 (1.98%) IT Manager
20 51 (1.80%) UI Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 269 (9.49%) HTML
2 199 (7.02%) CSS
3 173 (6.10%) .NET
4 169 (5.96%) React
5 135 (4.76%) AngularJS
6 133 (4.69%) Web Services
7 125 (4.41%) Node.js
8 110 (3.88%) REST
9 104 (3.67%) Kafka
10 103 (3.63%) HTML5
11 92 (3.25%) RESTful
12 73 (2.58%) JSON
13 70 (2.47%) Spring
14 52 (1.83%) Middleware
15 51 (1.80%) XML
16 47 (1.66%) .NET Framework
17 40 (1.41%) .NET Core
18 39 (1.38%) jQuery
18 39 (1.38%) SOAP
19 38 (1.34%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 251 (8.86%) User Experience
2 243 (8.57%) Management Information System
3 167 (5.89%) Self-Motivation
4 116 (4.09%) Algorithms
5 95 (3.35%) Data Centre
6 65 (2.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 63 (2.22%) Data Structures
8 58 (2.05%) Social Media
9 52 (1.83%) Virtual Team
10 50 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
11 47 (1.66%) Mobile App
11 47 (1.66%) NHS
12 46 (1.62%) Data Protection Act
13 41 (1.45%) Hedge funds
14 34 (1.20%) PMI
15 33 (1.16%) Fixed Income
16 31 (1.09%) Analytical Mindset
16 31 (1.09%) Legacy Systems
17 30 (1.06%) CMDB
17 30 (1.06%) FMCG
Operating Systems
1 257 (9.07%) Windows
2 215 (7.59%) Linux
3 82 (2.89%) Unix
4 60 (2.12%) Windows 10
5 55 (1.94%) Windows Server
6 42 (1.48%) Apple iOS
7 41 (1.45%) Android
8 22 (0.78%) Windows Server 2016
9 20 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 20 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
10 15 (0.53%) Windows 7
11 12 (0.42%) Windows Server 2019
12 10 (0.35%) Solaris
13 8 (0.28%) Ubuntu
13 8 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
14 7 (0.25%) tvOS
15 6 (0.21%) CentOS
15 6 (0.21%) Mac OS
16 5 (0.18%) HPUX
16 5 (0.18%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 994 (35.07%) Agile Software Development
2 960 (33.87%) Computer Science
3 509 (17.96%) Problem-Solving
4 453 (15.98%) Project Management
5 423 (14.93%) Analytics
6 350 (12.35%) Mathematics
7 333 (11.75%) DevOps
8 317 (11.19%) Software Engineering
9 306 (10.80%) Scrum
10 238 (8.40%) Decision-Making
11 218 (7.69%) ITIL
12 191 (6.74%) Stakeholder Management
13 185 (6.53%) Business Intelligence
14 181 (6.39%) Data Science
15 180 (6.35%) Visualisation
16 178 (6.28%) Cybersecurity
17 177 (6.25%) Statistics
17 177 (6.25%) Test Automation
18 170 (6.00%) Microservices
18 170 (6.00%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 546 (19.27%) Python
2 502 (17.71%) SQL
3 432 (15.24%) Java
4 342 (12.07%) JavaScript
5 235 (8.29%) C#
6 203 (7.16%) C++
7 131 (4.62%) C
8 96 (3.39%) R
9 84 (2.96%) PowerShell
10 70 (2.47%) TypeScript
11 65 (2.29%) Scala
12 50 (1.76%) Java 8
13 48 (1.69%) Perl
14 45 (1.59%) VBA
15 43 (1.52%) Kotlin
15 43 (1.52%) Ruby
16 40 (1.41%) Shell Script
17 39 (1.38%) PL/SQL
18 35 (1.24%) Bash Shell
19 34 (1.20%) Go
Qualifications
1 483 (17.04%) Computer Science Degree
2 249 (8.79%) Security Cleared
3 211 (7.45%) Master's Degree
4 198 (6.99%) SC Cleared
5 148 (5.22%) CISSP
6 100 (3.53%) Numerate Degree
7 92 (3.25%) PMI Certification
8 88 (3.11%) PMP
9 81 (2.86%) Microsoft Certification
10 78 (2.75%) CISM
11 73 (2.58%) Cisco Certification
12 61 (2.15%) PhD
13 46 (1.62%) MCSE
14 44 (1.55%) CCNA
15 38 (1.34%) ITIL Certification
16 37 (1.31%) ISTQB
17 35 (1.24%) TOGAF Certification
18 34 (1.20%) CCNP
18 34 (1.20%) CISA
19 27 (0.95%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 162 (5.72%) QA
2 119 (4.20%) GDPR
3 76 (2.68%) Data Quality
4 60 (2.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 55 (1.94%) PMO
6 48 (1.69%) SLA
7 38 (1.34%) NIST
8 34 (1.20%) Accessibility
9 29 (1.02%) PCI DSS
10 28 (0.99%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 23 (0.81%) GRC
12 17 (0.60%) COBIT
12 17 (0.60%) NCSC
13 16 (0.56%) Cyber Essentials
14 10 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 8 (0.28%) ITGC
15 8 (0.28%) NIST 800
16 7 (0.25%) Actionable Recommendations
16 7 (0.25%) ISO 22301
16 7 (0.25%) MiFID
System Software
1 153 (5.40%) Docker
2 115 (4.06%) Active Directory
3 60 (2.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 32 (1.13%) vSphere
5 20 (0.71%) Microsoft App-V
6 17 (0.60%) VMware ESXi
7 16 (0.56%) Firmware
8 13 (0.46%) Virtual Servers
9 10 (0.35%) HDFS
10 8 (0.28%) Hyper-V
10 8 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
11 7 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.25%) XenApp
12 6 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
13 5 (0.18%) VMware Workstation
14 4 (0.14%) BitLocker
14 4 (0.14%) XenDesktop
15 3 (0.11%) GlusterFS
15 3 (0.11%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 3 (0.11%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 162 (5.72%) Kubernetes
2 116 (4.09%) Terraform
3 55 (1.94%) Ansible
4 53 (1.87%) SCCM
5 35 (1.24%) Microsoft Intune
6 26 (0.92%) Single Sign-On
7 25 (0.88%) Puppet
8 18 (0.64%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 17 (0.60%) Grafana
10 14 (0.49%) HP ALM
11 13 (0.46%) Opscode Chef
11 13 (0.46%) Prometheus
12 9 (0.32%) ITRS Geneos
12 9 (0.32%) SCOM
13 8 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
13 8 (0.28%) Kibana
13 8 (0.28%) WSUS
14 7 (0.25%) CSIRT
15 6 (0.21%) Oracle ZFS
15 6 (0.21%) vRealize
Vendors
1 406 (14.33%) Microsoft
2 184 (6.49%) Oracle
3 120 (4.23%) Salesforce.com
4 115 (4.06%) SAP
5 92 (3.25%) Google
6 88 (3.11%) VMware
7 87 (3.07%) Cisco
8 80 (2.82%) Adobe
9 62 (2.19%) Databricks
10 61 (2.15%) ServiceNow
11 39 (1.38%) Splunk
12 36 (1.27%) Red Hat
13 35 (1.24%) Alteryx
13 35 (1.24%) HP
14 32 (1.13%) IBM
15 31 (1.09%) Citrix
16 29 (1.02%) Atlassian
16 29 (1.02%) ION Trading
17 23 (0.81%) Remedy
18 22 (0.78%) Ericsson