Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 48 50 54
Rank change year-on-year +2 +4 -8
Contract jobs citing Degree 2,410 1,734 3,684
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.74% 4.68% 4.43%
As % of the Qualifications category 23.47% 19.49% 23.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,393 1,015 2,147
10th Percentile £307 £250 £263
25th Percentile £400 £363 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £463 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.81% -2.63% +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £650 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 177 90 220
10th Percentile £15.80 £15.45 £16.70
25th Percentile £24.00 £19.43 £24.48
Median hourly rate £40.50 £33.09 £40.00
Median % change year-on-year +22.40% -17.28% +5.28%
75th Percentile £51.56 £51.31 £50.00
90th Percentile £61.75 £57.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £41.33 £35.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.09% -12.50% +11.11%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 10,267 8,898 15,791
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.18% 24.04% 18.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,569 5,821 9,877
10th Percentile £306 £300 £275
25th Percentile £400 £390 £368
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 530 312 655
10th Percentile £13.25 £14.89 £12.18
25th Percentile £17.50 £17.54 £17.18
Median hourly rate £34.54 £27.50 £33.40
Median % change year-on-year +25.60% -17.66% +47.98%
75th Percentile £52.50 £48.75 £47.50
90th Percentile £63.08 £59.98 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £33.00 £28.00 £33.40
% change year-on-year +17.86% -16.17% +52.51%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Daily rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 1,348 £550 +11.79% 799
South East +12 384 £475 +8.57% 518
North of England -18 173 £500 +12.74% 427
South West +13 139 £425 -13.92% 235
Midlands 0 133 £400 -11.11% 330
East of England +5 124 £425 +1.92% 348
North West -6 100 £500 +25.00% 216
West Midlands -3 82 £413 -17.50% 213
Yorkshire -20 65 £510 +13.33% 138
East Midlands +6 47 £355 -5.33% 116
North East -5 7 £313 -30.56% 73
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 967 (40.12%) Social Skills
2 868 (36.02%) Agile Software Development
3 825 (34.23%) Computer Science
4 750 (31.12%) Finance
5 491 (20.37%) Python
6 470 (19.50%) Problem-Solving
7 442 (18.34%) Analytical Skills
8 423 (17.55%) Azure
9 414 (17.18%) SQL
10 402 (16.68%) Java
10 402 (16.68%) Computer Science Degree
11 373 (15.48%) Project Management
12 359 (14.90%) AWS
13 355 (14.73%) Microsoft
14 303 (12.57%) Analytics
15 286 (11.87%) DevOps
16 285 (11.83%) Mathematics
17 281 (11.66%) Software Engineering
18 272 (11.29%) JavaScript
19 270 (11.20%) Scrum
20 261 (10.83%) Windows
21 247 (10.25%) Security Cleared
22 242 (10.04%) User Experience
23 227 (9.42%) Banking
24 211 (8.76%) Management Information System
25 208 (8.63%) Git (software)
26 200 (8.30%) ITIL
27 199 (8.26%) Decision-Making
28 191 (7.93%) Microsoft Excel
29 190 (7.88%) C#

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (3.40%) SharePoint
2 78 (3.24%) Apache Spark
3 73 (3.03%) Confluence
4 38 (1.58%) CMS
5 30 (1.24%) SAS
6 26 (1.08%) Apache
7 23 (0.95%) Jupyter
8 21 (0.87%) Apache Airflow
9 18 (0.75%) IIS
10 17 (0.71%) Luigi
11 16 (0.66%) MS Exchange
12 14 (0.58%) Skype for Business
12 14 (0.58%) Tomcat
13 12 (0.50%) Oracle Coherence
14 10 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 9 (0.37%) DNN
15 9 (0.37%) Elasticsearch
15 9 (0.37%) OpenStack
16 5 (0.21%) Exchange Server 2013
16 5 (0.21%) nginx
Applications
1 191 (7.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 142 (5.89%) Microsoft Office
3 100 (4.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 65 (2.70%) MS Visio
5 46 (1.91%) Microsoft Project
6 24 (1.00%) Photoshop
7 19 (0.79%) Adobe Illustrator
8 10 (0.41%) Sketch
9 9 (0.37%) InVision
9 9 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
10 8 (0.33%) AutoCAD
10 8 (0.33%) PTC Creo
10 8 (0.33%) SPSS
10 8 (0.33%) Windchill
11 7 (0.29%) Figma
12 5 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 5 (0.21%) Revit
12 5 (0.21%) Stata
12 5 (0.21%) UserZoom
13 4 (0.17%) Maya
Business Applications
1 18 (0.75%) Teamcenter
2 14 (0.58%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 11 (0.46%) Dynamics AX
4 10 (0.41%) ION MarketView
5 8 (0.33%) SAP ERP
6 7 (0.29%) Adobe Campaign
6 7 (0.29%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 6 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
7 6 (0.25%) Maximo
8 4 (0.17%) Magento
8 4 (0.17%) SAP EWM
8 4 (0.17%) SAP MM
8 4 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
8 4 (0.17%) Sentinel
9 3 (0.12%) BASE24
9 3 (0.12%) Cloudability
9 3 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
9 3 (0.12%) SAP MDM
9 3 (0.12%) Sprinklr
9 3 (0.12%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 423 (17.55%) Azure
2 359 (14.90%) AWS
3 142 (5.89%) GCP
4 107 (4.44%) Microsoft 365
5 82 (3.40%) Power Platform
6 65 (2.70%) SaaS
7 47 (1.95%) PaaS
8 44 (1.83%) Serverless
9 42 (1.74%) GitHub
10 35 (1.45%) IaaS
11 33 (1.37%) Azure Active Directory
12 29 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
12 29 (1.20%) OpenShift
13 25 (1.04%) Azure Functions
13 25 (1.04%) Dynamics 365
14 20 (0.83%) Amazon EC2
14 20 (0.83%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 18 (0.75%) Amazon EKS
15 18 (0.75%) Amazon S3
16 17 (0.71%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 65 (2.70%) Firewall
2 57 (2.37%) Network Security
3 51 (2.12%) LAN
4 49 (2.03%) DNS
5 48 (1.99%) TCP/IP
6 47 (1.95%) WAN
7 44 (1.83%) VPN
8 36 (1.49%) DHCP
8 36 (1.49%) HTTP
9 35 (1.45%) Internet
10 34 (1.41%) Wireless
11 29 (1.20%) 5G
12 27 (1.12%) Wi-Fi
13 23 (0.95%) MPLS
14 22 (0.91%) 4G
14 22 (0.91%) VLAN
15 21 (0.87%) FTP
15 21 (0.87%) Radio Access Network
15 21 (0.87%) SMTP
15 21 (0.87%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (4.15%) SQL Server
2 94 (3.90%) Relational Database
3 83 (3.44%) Data Warehouse
4 75 (3.11%) Power BI
5 74 (3.07%) Big Data
5 74 (3.07%) Hadoop
6 53 (2.20%) NoSQL
7 49 (2.03%) Tableau
8 47 (1.95%) PostgreSQL
9 33 (1.37%) MySQL
10 29 (1.20%) Data Mining
11 27 (1.12%) Data Lake
12 26 (1.08%) Oracle Database
13 25 (1.04%) QlikView
14 23 (0.95%) Apache Cassandra
15 20 (0.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 18 (0.75%) BigQuery
16 18 (0.75%) MongoDB
16 18 (0.75%) RDBMS
17 16 (0.66%) Azkaban
Development Applications
1 208 (8.63%) Git (software)
2 167 (6.93%) JIRA
3 126 (5.23%) Jenkins
4 41 (1.70%) Visual Studio
5 37 (1.54%) Maven
6 31 (1.29%) GitLab
7 30 (1.24%) Bitbucket
7 30 (1.24%) Selenium
8 26 (1.08%) Cucumber
9 22 (0.91%) Subversion
10 21 (0.87%) Eclipse
11 19 (0.79%) SonarQube
12 18 (0.75%) Postman
12 18 (0.75%) Rational DOORS
13 17 (0.71%) TeamCity
14 16 (0.66%) JUnit
15 14 (0.58%) IntelliJ
16 12 (0.50%) Axure RP
16 12 (0.50%) Gradle
16 12 (0.50%) NetBeans
General
1 967 (40.12%) Social Skills
2 750 (31.12%) Finance
3 442 (18.34%) Analytical Skills
4 227 (9.42%) Banking
5 180 (7.47%) Presentation Skills
6 175 (7.26%) Public Sector
7 164 (6.80%) Marketing
8 154 (6.39%) Front Office
9 149 (6.18%) Telecoms
10 87 (3.61%) Investment Banking
11 83 (3.44%) Influencing Skills
12 76 (3.15%) Manufacturing
12 76 (3.15%) Retail
13 69 (2.86%) Legal
14 47 (1.95%) Electronics
15 42 (1.74%) Organisational Skills
16 37 (1.54%) Pharmaceutical
17 33 (1.37%) Documentation Skills
18 31 (1.29%) Financial Institution
18 31 (1.29%) German Language
Job Titles
1 460 (19.09%) Developer
2 316 (13.11%) Analyst
3 175 (7.26%) Architect
4 143 (5.93%) Designer
5 138 (5.73%) Project Manager
6 117 (4.85%) Consultant
7 100 (4.15%) Java Developer
8 98 (4.07%) Business Analyst
9 86 (3.57%) UX Designer
10 81 (3.36%) UI Designer
11 77 (3.20%) React Developer
12 75 (3.11%) UI/UX Designer
13 73 (3.03%) Data Scientist
14 67 (2.78%) Senior Developer
15 61 (2.53%) UI Developer
16 59 (2.45%) Data Engineer
16 59 (2.45%) UI/UX Developer
16 59 (2.45%) UX Developer
17 57 (2.37%) UI Engineer
17 57 (2.37%) UX Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 167 (6.93%) HTML
2 155 (6.43%) Web Services
3 145 (6.02%) .NET
4 142 (5.89%) React
5 124 (5.15%) Node.js
6 117 (4.85%) CSS
7 105 (4.36%) REST
8 99 (4.11%) AngularJS
9 78 (3.24%) Kafka
10 67 (2.78%) RESTful
11 64 (2.66%) Spring
12 59 (2.45%) HTML5
13 50 (2.07%) XML
14 49 (2.03%) JSON
15 44 (1.83%) Middleware
16 40 (1.66%) .NET Core
17 33 (1.37%) GraphQL
18 31 (1.29%) Redux
19 30 (1.24%) SOAP
20 27 (1.12%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 242 (10.04%) User Experience
2 211 (8.76%) Management Information System
3 109 (4.52%) Self-Motivation
4 93 (3.86%) Algorithms
5 72 (2.99%) Social Media
6 57 (2.37%) Virtual Team
7 54 (2.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 54 (2.24%) NHS
8 53 (2.20%) Data Centre
8 53 (2.20%) Data Structures
9 46 (1.91%) Mobile App
10 38 (1.58%) PMI
11 33 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
12 32 (1.33%) Analytical Mindset
13 27 (1.12%) Derivative
14 24 (1.00%) Fixed Income
15 22 (0.91%) Cloud Native
15 22 (0.91%) Equities
16 20 (0.83%) FMCG
16 20 (0.83%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 261 (10.83%) Windows
2 185 (7.68%) Linux
3 85 (3.53%) Unix
4 69 (2.86%) Windows Server
5 63 (2.61%) Windows 10
6 44 (1.83%) Android
7 35 (1.45%) Apple iOS
8 20 (0.83%) Windows Server 2016
9 19 (0.79%) Windows Server 2012
10 18 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 12 (0.50%) Windows 7
11 12 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
12 10 (0.41%) Solaris
12 10 (0.41%) Windows Server 2019
13 6 (0.25%) OpenWrt
13 6 (0.25%) Ubuntu
14 5 (0.21%) AIX
14 5 (0.21%) CentOS
15 4 (0.17%) HPUX
15 4 (0.17%) OpenVMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 868 (36.02%) Agile Software Development
2 825 (34.23%) Computer Science
3 470 (19.50%) Problem-Solving
4 373 (15.48%) Project Management
5 303 (12.57%) Analytics
6 286 (11.87%) DevOps
7 285 (11.83%) Mathematics
8 281 (11.66%) Software Engineering
9 270 (11.20%) Scrum
10 200 (8.30%) ITIL
11 199 (8.26%) Decision-Making
12 171 (7.10%) Stakeholder Management
13 160 (6.64%) Data Science
13 160 (6.64%) Test Automation
14 158 (6.56%) Cybersecurity
15 157 (6.51%) Business Intelligence
16 151 (6.27%) Risk Management
16 151 (6.27%) Statistics
17 150 (6.22%) Migration
18 142 (5.89%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 491 (20.37%) Python
2 414 (17.18%) SQL
3 402 (16.68%) Java
4 272 (11.29%) JavaScript
5 190 (7.88%) C#
6 161 (6.68%) C++
7 103 (4.27%) PowerShell
8 94 (3.90%) R
9 89 (3.69%) C
10 70 (2.90%) Kotlin
11 55 (2.28%) Scala
12 46 (1.91%) Shell Script
13 45 (1.87%) TypeScript
14 43 (1.78%) VBA
15 41 (1.70%) Java 8
16 40 (1.66%) PL/SQL
17 38 (1.58%) Perl
18 33 (1.37%) Bash Shell
19 32 (1.33%) Ruby
20 30 (1.24%) VB
Qualifications
1 402 (16.68%) Computer Science Degree
2 247 (10.25%) Security Cleared
3 187 (7.76%) SC Cleared
4 165 (6.85%) Master's Degree
5 116 (4.81%) CISSP
6 85 (3.53%) PMP
7 84 (3.49%) PMI Certification
8 83 (3.44%) Microsoft Certification
9 82 (3.40%) Numerate Degree
10 64 (2.66%) CISM
11 59 (2.45%) Cisco Certification
12 58 (2.41%) PhD
13 41 (1.70%) DV Cleared
14 40 (1.66%) MCSE
15 37 (1.54%) CCNA
16 36 (1.49%) CCNP
17 33 (1.37%) ISTQB
18 31 (1.29%) ITIL Certification
19 30 (1.24%) TOGAF Certification
20 26 (1.08%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 148 (6.14%) QA
2 69 (2.86%) GDPR
3 58 (2.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 52 (2.16%) PMO
4 52 (2.16%) SLA
5 48 (1.99%) NIST
6 34 (1.41%) Data Quality
7 29 (1.20%) Accessibility
8 26 (1.08%) PCI DSS
9 18 (0.75%) COBIT
10 17 (0.71%) GRC
10 17 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 17 (0.71%) NCSC
11 15 (0.62%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 10 (0.41%) IFRS
13 8 (0.33%) Cyber Essentials
13 8 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
13 8 (0.33%) MiFID
13 8 (0.33%) RMADS
14 7 (0.29%) NIST 800
System Software
1 139 (5.77%) Docker
2 99 (4.11%) Active Directory
3 59 (2.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.62%) vSphere
5 14 (0.58%) VMware ESXi
6 11 (0.46%) Microsoft App-V
6 11 (0.46%) XenApp
7 9 (0.37%) Virtual Servers
8 7 (0.29%) Hyper-V
9 5 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 5 (0.21%) BitLocker
9 5 (0.21%) Firmware
9 5 (0.21%) Virtual Desktop
9 5 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
10 3 (0.12%) GlusterFS
10 3 (0.12%) iptables
10 3 (0.12%) Terminal Services
10 3 (0.12%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 2 (0.083%) Sendmail
11 2 (0.083%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 145 (6.02%) Kubernetes
2 94 (3.90%) Terraform
3 60 (2.49%) Ansible
4 32 (1.33%) SCCM
5 27 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
6 24 (1.00%) Microsoft Intune
6 24 (1.00%) Single Sign-On
7 18 (0.75%) Grafana
7 18 (0.75%) Puppet
8 15 (0.62%) Prometheus
9 14 (0.58%) Istio
10 12 (0.50%) Consul
10 12 (0.50%) Kibana
10 12 (0.50%) logstash
11 11 (0.46%) Fluentd
11 11 (0.46%) Rancher
12 10 (0.41%) WSUS
13 9 (0.37%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 9 (0.37%) HP ALM
13 9 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 355 (14.73%) Microsoft
2 146 (6.06%) Oracle
3 100 (4.15%) SAP
4 86 (3.57%) Google
5 85 (3.53%) Salesforce.com
6 78 (3.24%) VMware
7 76 (3.15%) Cisco
8 71 (2.95%) Adobe
9 57 (2.37%) Splunk
10 41 (1.70%) ServiceNow
11 37 (1.54%) Databricks
12 35 (1.45%) IBM
13 31 (1.29%) Alteryx
14 28 (1.16%) Red Hat
15 25 (1.04%) Citrix
16 24 (1.00%) Atlassian
16 24 (1.00%) HP
17 23 (0.95%) Ericsson
18 22 (0.91%) Huawei
19 21 (0.87%) Nokia