Period
to 27 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 27 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
27 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 51 49 47
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 -3
Contract jobs citing Degree 1,097 3,646 4,338
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.32% 4.55% 4.63%
As % of the Qualifications category 16.73% 23.11% 24.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 730 2,190 2,509
Median daily rate £450 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £205 £257 £281
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £450 £463 £450
% change year-on-year -2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 62 218 246
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.35 £39.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.07% +11.56% +24.22%
10th Percentile £18.05 £15.86 £14.06
90th Percentile £52.25 £72.50 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -17.65% +13.33% +17.19%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 6,558 15,776 17,422
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 25.84% 19.67% 18.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,013 9,682 10,294
Median daily rate £480 £473 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.59% +5.00% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £263 £250
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 312 710 869
Median hourly rate £35.00 £36.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +44.00% -13.04%
10th Percentile £17.53 £14.00 £13.00
90th Percentile £64.50 £60.67 £51.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year -6.67% +50.00% -15.61%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Daily rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 27 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 600 £475 -5.00% 499
South East +2 159 £450 - 284
North of England +10 119 £442 +4.00% 194
North West +22 76 £437 -0.68% 94
South West +11 74 £475 +5.56% 152
Midlands -2 56 £350 -22.22% 155
East of England -9 55 £480 +14.29% 167
Yorkshire +16 40 £448 +11.88% 72
East Midlands +23 30 £321 -24.59% 46
West Midlands -20 23 £425 -5.56% 108
North East -6 3 £425 -8.11% 28
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 27 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 389 (35.46%) Computer Science
2 324 (29.54%) Agile Software Development
3 268 (24.43%) Finance
4 223 (20.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 218 (19.87%) Analytical Skills
6 199 (18.14%) Java
6 199 (18.14%) Python
7 196 (17.87%) SQL
8 193 (17.59%) Problem-Solving
9 158 (14.40%) JavaScript
10 157 (14.31%) Microsoft
11 143 (13.04%) Mathematics
12 139 (12.67%) Project Management
13 137 (12.49%) Azure
14 128 (11.67%) HTML
15 123 (11.21%) Security Cleared
16 108 (9.85%) CSS
17 107 (9.75%) AWS
17 107 (9.75%) Software Engineering
18 106 (9.66%) ITIL
18 106 (9.66%) Management Information System
18 106 (9.66%) User Experience
19 104 (9.48%) C#
20 102 (9.30%) Banking
21 96 (8.75%) Master's Degree
22 94 (8.57%) Data Science
23 91 (8.30%) Public Sector
24 90 (8.20%) SC Cleared
25 89 (8.11%) Scrum
26 87 (7.93%) Windows

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 47 (4.28%) Apache Spark
2 34 (3.10%) SharePoint
3 24 (2.19%) IIS
4 20 (1.82%) Apache
5 13 (1.19%) Elasticsearch
5 13 (1.19%) Tomcat
6 12 (1.09%) Confluence
7 10 (0.91%) SAS
8 6 (0.55%) WebSphere
9 5 (0.46%) CMS
9 5 (0.46%) NetWeaver
9 5 (0.46%) Skype for Business
10 3 (0.27%) MS Exchange
10 3 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 3 (0.27%) Red Hat Fuse
11 2 (0.18%) BizTalk Server
11 2 (0.18%) IBM Notes
11 2 (0.18%) JBoss
11 2 (0.18%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.18%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 79 (7.20%) Microsoft Office
2 61 (5.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 34 (3.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 19 (1.73%) Sketch
5 17 (1.55%) Microsoft Project
6 16 (1.46%) MS Visio
7 13 (1.19%) Adobe XD
7 13 (1.19%) InVision
8 11 (1.00%) Adobe Illustrator
9 7 (0.64%) Figma
10 6 (0.55%) Spreadsheet
11 5 (0.46%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 5 (0.46%) Photoshop
12 4 (0.36%) Zeplin
13 3 (0.27%) OmniGraffle
13 3 (0.27%) Siemens NX
14 2 (0.18%) AutoCAD
14 2 (0.18%) CATIA
14 2 (0.18%) Flinto
15 1 (0.091%) Maya
Business Applications
1 11 (1.00%) SAP S/4HANA
2 10 (0.91%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 7 (0.64%) Dynamics AX
4 5 (0.46%) Lawson
4 5 (0.46%) Sentinel
5 4 (0.36%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.36%) SAP BPC
5 4 (0.36%) SAP PLM
5 4 (0.36%) thinkFolio
6 3 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.27%) Sprinklr
6 3 (0.27%) Teamcenter
7 2 (0.18%) Endur
7 2 (0.18%) Maximo
7 2 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
7 2 (0.18%) SAP CO
7 2 (0.18%) SAP FI
7 2 (0.18%) SAP FI/CO
7 2 (0.18%) SAP SD
7 2 (0.18%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 137 (12.49%) Azure
2 107 (9.75%) AWS
3 31 (2.83%) GCP
4 28 (2.55%) Power Platform
5 27 (2.46%) Office 365
6 23 (2.10%) Cloud Computing
7 18 (1.64%) SaaS
8 17 (1.55%) Serverless
9 14 (1.28%) GitHub
10 12 (1.09%) PaaS
11 11 (1.00%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 10 (0.91%) Amazon EC2
12 10 (0.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 9 (0.82%) Amazon EKS
13 9 (0.82%) npm
14 8 (0.73%) Amazon S3
14 8 (0.73%) Datadog
15 7 (0.64%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 6 (0.55%) Dynamics 365
16 6 (0.55%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 24 (2.19%) Firewall
2 22 (2.01%) DNS
3 21 (1.91%) Internet
4 18 (1.64%) TCP/IP
5 17 (1.55%) Network Security
6 16 (1.46%) DHCP
7 15 (1.37%) Wireless
8 14 (1.28%) LAN
9 11 (1.00%) DMZ
9 11 (1.00%) Skype
9 11 (1.00%) VPN
10 10 (0.91%) Radio Access Network
11 9 (0.82%) 4G
11 9 (0.82%) Ethernet
11 9 (0.82%) VoIP
12 8 (0.73%) Broadband
12 8 (0.73%) WAN
13 7 (0.64%) 2G
13 7 (0.64%) 3G
13 7 (0.64%) 5G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (7.75%) SQL Server
2 68 (6.20%) Big Data
3 51 (4.65%) Relational Database
4 39 (3.56%) MySQL
5 35 (3.19%) Hadoop
6 33 (3.01%) NoSQL
7 26 (2.37%) Power BI
8 25 (2.28%) Data Warehouse
8 25 (2.28%) PostgreSQL
9 23 (2.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 20 (1.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 18 (1.64%) MongoDB
12 16 (1.46%) Amazon RDS
13 14 (1.28%) Data Mining
14 13 (1.19%) Apache Cassandra
15 12 (1.09%) Apache Hive
16 10 (0.91%) RDBMS
17 8 (0.73%) ArangoDB
18 7 (0.64%) Looker
18 7 (0.64%) MS Access
Development Applications
1 62 (5.65%) Git (software)
2 36 (3.28%) Jenkins
3 34 (3.10%) JIRA
4 21 (1.91%) Visual Studio
5 13 (1.19%) Maven
6 12 (1.09%) Selenium
7 11 (1.00%) Balsamiq
8 10 (0.91%) Axure RP
8 10 (0.91%) Eclipse
8 10 (0.91%) JUnit
9 9 (0.82%) GitLab
10 8 (0.73%) NetBeans
11 7 (0.64%) Cucumber
11 7 (0.64%) Cypress.io
11 7 (0.64%) webpack
12 6 (0.55%) Mocha
13 5 (0.46%) Ant
13 5 (0.46%) Subversion
14 4 (0.36%) Team Foundation Server
14 4 (0.36%) TeamCity
General
1 268 (24.43%) Finance
2 102 (9.30%) Banking
3 91 (8.30%) Public Sector
4 74 (6.75%) Marketing
5 58 (5.29%) Front Office
6 51 (4.65%) Telecoms
7 42 (3.83%) Investment Banking
8 39 (3.56%) Legal
9 36 (3.28%) Manufacturing
10 32 (2.92%) Retail
11 21 (1.91%) Pharmaceutical
12 17 (1.55%) Electronics
13 15 (1.37%) German Language
13 15 (1.37%) Military
14 14 (1.28%) Back Office
14 14 (1.28%) Law
15 11 (1.00%) Aerospace
15 11 (1.00%) Local Government
15 11 (1.00%) Publishing
16 10 (0.91%) French Language
Job Titles
1 245 (22.33%) Developer
2 149 (13.58%) Analyst
3 81 (7.38%) Designer
4 64 (5.83%) Architect
5 48 (4.38%) Java Developer
6 47 (4.28%) Consultant
7 45 (4.10%) Data Scientist
8 41 (3.74%) Project Manager
9 29 (2.64%) Python Developer
10 28 (2.55%) UX Designer
11 26 (2.37%) Data Analyst
12 25 (2.28%) Business Analyst
12 25 (2.28%) Security Analyst
13 24 (2.19%) C# Developer
13 24 (2.19%) Senior Developer
14 22 (2.01%) Solutions Architect
15 21 (1.91%) Support Engineer
16 20 (1.82%) UI Designer
17 18 (1.64%) React Developer
18 17 (1.55%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 128 (11.67%) HTML
2 108 (9.85%) CSS
3 79 (7.20%) .NET
4 50 (4.56%) AngularJS
4 50 (4.56%) Web Services
5 45 (4.10%) HTML5
6 43 (3.92%) Node.js
7 38 (3.46%) React
8 36 (3.28%) REST
9 35 (3.19%) Kafka
10 33 (3.01%) RESTful
11 28 (2.55%) Spring
12 23 (2.10%) Redux
13 20 (1.82%) jQuery
13 20 (1.82%) JSON
13 20 (1.82%) Middleware
13 20 (1.82%) XML
14 18 (1.64%) Velocity
15 17 (1.55%) .NET Core
16 16 (1.46%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 218 (19.87%) Analytical Skills
2 106 (9.66%) Management Information System
2 106 (9.66%) User Experience
3 45 (4.10%) Algorithms
4 33 (3.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 31 (2.83%) Social Media
6 29 (2.64%) Self-Motivation
7 18 (1.64%) Data Structures
7 18 (1.64%) Fixed Income
8 17 (1.55%) Animation
8 17 (1.55%) Derivative
9 16 (1.46%) FMCG
9 16 (1.46%) Mobile App
9 16 (1.46%) Virtual Team
10 15 (1.37%) Data Centre
11 14 (1.28%) Hedge funds
12 12 (1.09%) Blog
12 12 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
12 12 (1.09%) Security Operations Centre
13 11 (1.00%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 87 (7.93%) Windows
2 82 (7.47%) Linux
3 47 (4.28%) Unix
4 29 (2.64%) Android
4 29 (2.64%) Apple iOS
5 15 (1.37%) Windows Server
6 13 (1.19%) Windows 10
7 9 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 8 (0.73%) Solaris
9 6 (0.55%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
11 4 (0.36%) CentOS
11 4 (0.36%) Windows 7
11 4 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
12 3 (0.27%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.18%) Windows 2000 Server
13 2 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.091%) Ubuntu
14 1 (0.091%) Windows 8
14 1 (0.091%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 389 (35.46%) Computer Science
2 324 (29.54%) Agile Software Development
3 193 (17.59%) Problem-Solving
4 143 (13.04%) Mathematics
5 139 (12.67%) Project Management
6 107 (9.75%) Software Engineering
7 106 (9.66%) ITIL
8 94 (8.57%) Data Science
9 89 (8.11%) Scrum
10 87 (7.93%) Analytics
10 87 (7.93%) DevOps
11 78 (7.11%) Information Security
12 77 (7.02%) Decision-Making
12 77 (7.02%) Stakeholder Management
13 70 (6.38%) Collaborative Working
13 70 (6.38%) Project Delivery
13 70 (6.38%) Risk Management
14 69 (6.29%) Statistics
15 66 (6.02%) Change Management
16 65 (5.93%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 199 (18.14%) Java
1 199 (18.14%) Python
2 196 (17.87%) SQL
3 158 (14.40%) JavaScript
4 104 (9.48%) C#
5 55 (5.01%) C++
6 38 (3.46%) R
7 36 (3.28%) Shell Script
8 35 (3.19%) C
9 33 (3.01%) PowerShell
10 31 (2.83%) Scala
11 24 (2.19%) VBA
12 18 (1.64%) Bash Shell
13 16 (1.46%) Apple Swift
13 16 (1.46%) Objective-C
14 15 (1.37%) Java 8
15 14 (1.28%) T-SQL
16 13 (1.19%) PHP
16 13 (1.19%) Ruby
16 13 (1.19%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 223 (20.33%) Computer Science Degree
2 123 (11.21%) Security Cleared
3 96 (8.75%) Master's Degree
4 90 (8.20%) SC Cleared
5 67 (6.11%) CISSP
6 53 (4.83%) Numerate Degree
7 33 (3.01%) CISA
7 33 (3.01%) CISM
8 27 (2.46%) PhD
9 24 (2.19%) Cisco Certification
10 22 (2.01%) PMI Certification
11 21 (1.91%) PMP
12 20 (1.82%) CCNA
13 19 (1.73%) DV Cleared
14 16 (1.46%) HNC
15 15 (1.37%) GIAC
16 14 (1.28%) ITIL Certification
17 13 (1.19%) HND
17 13 (1.19%) MBA
18 12 (1.09%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (4.74%) QA
2 47 (4.28%) SLA
3 34 (3.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 24 (2.19%) PCI DSS
5 21 (1.91%) Data Quality
6 18 (1.64%) GDPR
7 17 (1.55%) NIST
8 16 (1.46%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 11 (1.00%) COBIT
10 10 (0.91%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 9 (0.82%) PMO
12 7 (0.64%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 4 (0.36%) ISO 9001
13 4 (0.36%) ITGC
13 4 (0.36%) JSP 440
13 4 (0.36%) MiFID
14 3 (0.27%) Def Stans
14 3 (0.27%) GMP
14 3 (0.27%) NCSC
15 2 (0.18%) ISAE 3402
System Software
1 46 (4.19%) Docker
2 35 (3.19%) Active Directory
3 27 (2.46%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (0.91%) Firmware
5 5 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.27%) HDFS
6 3 (0.27%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
6 3 (0.27%) vSphere
7 2 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.18%) KVM
7 2 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
7 2 (0.18%) Squid
7 2 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.18%) Xen
8 1 (0.091%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.091%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.091%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 46 (4.19%) Kubernetes
2 25 (2.28%) Terraform
3 17 (1.55%) Single Sign-On
4 11 (1.00%) Nagios
5 8 (0.73%) SCCM
6 6 (0.55%) Ansible
6 6 (0.55%) Nessus
6 6 (0.55%) Opscode Chef
7 5 (0.46%) Forefront Identity Manager
7 5 (0.46%) HP Quality Center
7 5 (0.46%) Puppet
7 5 (0.46%) Stealthwatch
8 4 (0.36%) QRadar
8 4 (0.36%) Rancher
9 3 (0.27%) CASB
9 3 (0.27%) Grafana
9 3 (0.27%) Kibana
9 3 (0.27%) WSUS
10 2 (0.18%) Data Guard
10 2 (0.18%) Nmap
Vendors
1 157 (14.31%) Microsoft
2 62 (5.65%) Oracle
3 55 (5.01%) SAP
4 39 (3.56%) Splunk
5 32 (2.92%) Cisco
5 32 (2.92%) Google
6 30 (2.73%) VMware
7 27 (2.46%) Adobe
7 27 (2.46%) Tableau
8 26 (2.37%) Salesforce.com
9 23 (2.10%) Databricks
9 23 (2.10%) ServiceNow
10 17 (1.55%) StreamSets
11 15 (1.37%) Bloomberg
11 15 (1.37%) Citrix
12 10 (0.91%) Apple
13 8 (0.73%) Atlassian
13 8 (0.73%) IBM
13 8 (0.73%) Red Hat
14 6 (0.55%) Qualys