Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 56 53 49
Rank change year-on-year -3 -4 +2
Contract jobs citing Degree 2,744 1,485 2,960
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.97% 4.32% 4.48%
As % of the Qualifications category 20.84% 18.51% 20.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,677 845 1,736
10th Percentile £300 £250 £258
25th Percentile £425 £350 £360
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £530 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +11.58% +5.56% -5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £575 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +16.67% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 166 99 183
10th Percentile £16.50 £17.83 £15.75
25th Percentile £21.00 £24.00 £24.50
Median hourly rate £42.50 £38.00 £43.00
Median % change year-on-year +11.84% -11.63% +7.50%
75th Percentile £51.79 £47.00 £52.25
90th Percentile £63.25 £57.75 £58.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £37.83 £42.50
% change year-on-year +12.36% -11.00% +13.27%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
England
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 13,166 8,022 14,196
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.07% 23.35% 21.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,498 5,247 9,196
10th Percentile £313 £275 £260
25th Percentile £413 £375 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £466
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +1.99% +3.50%
75th Percentile £625 £573 £568
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +10.53% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 592 399 564
10th Percentile £13.25 £15.00 £14.00
25th Percentile £17.28 £21.05 £17.50
Median hourly rate £38.79 £40.00 £32.50
Median % change year-on-year -3.03% +23.08% +28.28%
75th Percentile £53.72 £52.50 £49.50
90th Percentile £65.97 £62.65 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £39.73 £40.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year -0.69% +23.08% +24.01%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Daily rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in England.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in England

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in England

Degree
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +1 1,544 £550 +15.30% 903
South East -9 452 £475 +18.75% 468
North of England -18 201 £500 +5.26% 354
East of England +3 145 £468 -5.08% 307
South West -20 122 £525 +20.37% 257
North West -19 120 £523 +12.97% 206
Midlands -40 116 £466 +33.21% 303
West Midlands -17 79 £500 +31.15% 206
Yorkshire -14 73 £500 - 99
East Midlands -40 35 £300 -6.40% 95
North East -1 8 £200 -52.94% 49
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,235 (45.01%) Social Skills
2 1,015 (36.99%) Agile Software Development
3 959 (34.95%) Computer Science
4 823 (29.99%) Finance
5 537 (19.57%) Computer Science Degree
6 535 (19.50%) Analytical Skills
7 502 (18.29%) Problem-Solving
8 469 (17.09%) Microsoft
9 466 (16.98%) Project Management
10 439 (16.00%) Azure
11 431 (15.71%) Python
12 426 (15.52%) SQL
13 385 (14.03%) Java
14 358 (13.05%) Analytics
15 343 (12.50%) Mathematics
16 336 (12.24%) DevOps
17 323 (11.77%) JavaScript
18 321 (11.70%) Software Engineering
19 312 (11.37%) AWS
20 299 (10.90%) CI/CD
21 273 (9.95%) Scrum
22 266 (9.69%) Security Cleared
23 252 (9.18%) Windows
23 252 (9.18%) Presentation Skills
24 246 (8.97%) Stakeholder Management
24 246 (8.97%) Management Information System
25 240 (8.75%) Decision-Making
26 236 (8.60%) Microsoft Excel
27 233 (8.49%) C#
28 230 (8.38%) ITIL

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (2.92%) Confluence
2 67 (2.44%) SharePoint
3 63 (2.30%) Apache Spark
4 33 (1.20%) CMS
5 31 (1.13%) Apache
6 27 (0.98%) SAS
7 21 (0.77%) IIS
7 21 (0.77%) OpenStack
8 15 (0.55%) Elasticsearch
9 11 (0.40%) Apache Airflow
10 9 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 9 (0.33%) Tomcat
11 7 (0.26%) Appian
11 7 (0.26%) Luigi
11 7 (0.26%) nginx
11 7 (0.26%) WebSphere
12 6 (0.22%) Jupyter
12 6 (0.22%) Skype for Business
13 5 (0.18%) Headless CMS
13 5 (0.18%) WordPress
Applications
1 236 (8.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 150 (5.47%) Microsoft Office
3 122 (4.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 44 (1.60%) MS Visio
5 34 (1.24%) Microsoft Project
6 30 (1.09%) Spreadsheet
7 28 (1.02%) Stata
8 20 (0.73%) Photoshop
9 19 (0.69%) Adobe Illustrator
10 18 (0.66%) Adobe XD
10 18 (0.66%) Sketch
11 14 (0.51%) InVision
12 9 (0.33%) Simulink
13 7 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 7 (0.26%) AutoCAD
14 5 (0.18%) SPSS
15 4 (0.15%) Adobe After Effects
15 4 (0.15%) Chatbot
15 4 (0.15%) Revit
15 4 (0.15%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 23 (0.84%) ION MarketView
2 16 (0.58%) NetSuite
2 16 (0.58%) SAP S/4HANA
3 9 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.29%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 7 (0.26%) SAP MDG
6 6 (0.22%) Sentinel
6 6 (0.22%) Workfront
7 5 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 5 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.15%) Murex MxG2000
8 4 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
8 4 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
8 4 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
8 4 (0.15%) SAP ERP
8 4 (0.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 3 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
9 3 (0.11%) SAP CO
9 3 (0.11%) SAP FI
9 3 (0.11%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 439 (16.00%) Azure
2 312 (11.37%) AWS
3 136 (4.96%) Power Platform
4 118 (4.30%) Microsoft 365
5 117 (4.26%) GCP
6 84 (3.06%) Serverless
7 76 (2.77%) SaaS
8 49 (1.79%) GitHub
8 49 (1.79%) IaaS
9 48 (1.75%) PaaS
10 43 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
11 40 (1.46%) AWS CloudFormation
12 37 (1.35%) AWS Lambda
13 33 (1.20%) Amazon S3
13 33 (1.20%) Azure Active Directory
14 30 (1.09%) Amazon EMR
15 24 (0.87%) Azure Data Factory
15 24 (0.87%) Azure Functions
16 20 (0.73%) OpenShift
17 19 (0.69%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 85 (3.10%) Network Security
2 83 (3.02%) Firewall
3 74 (2.70%) WAN
4 67 (2.44%) DNS
5 63 (2.30%) TCP/IP
6 62 (2.26%) Wireless
7 58 (2.11%) LAN
8 46 (1.68%) DHCP
9 45 (1.64%) Internet
10 42 (1.53%) VPN
11 38 (1.38%) Wi-Fi
12 32 (1.17%) Ethernet
13 27 (0.98%) SD-WAN
14 25 (0.91%) BGP
15 23 (0.84%) IPsec
15 23 (0.84%) SAN
16 22 (0.80%) OSPF
17 21 (0.77%) MPLS
17 21 (0.77%) SSL
18 19 (0.69%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 146 (5.32%) SQL Server
2 130 (4.74%) Power BI
3 113 (4.12%) Tableau
4 94 (3.43%) Data Warehouse
5 80 (2.92%) Big Data
6 74 (2.70%) NoSQL
7 69 (2.51%) Relational Database
8 68 (2.48%) PostgreSQL
9 62 (2.26%) Hadoop
10 50 (1.82%) Data Lake
11 47 (1.71%) MySQL
12 33 (1.20%) Data Mining
13 28 (1.02%) Metadata
13 28 (1.02%) MongoDB
14 24 (0.87%) Apache Hive
14 24 (0.87%) RDBMS
15 22 (0.80%) Amazon Redshift
16 21 (0.77%) DB2
17 20 (0.73%) Apache Cassandra
17 20 (0.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 193 (7.03%) Git (software)
2 156 (5.69%) JIRA
3 90 (3.28%) Jenkins
4 46 (1.68%) Visual Studio
5 41 (1.49%) Selenium
6 35 (1.28%) Bitbucket
7 30 (1.09%) Maven
8 27 (0.98%) Eclipse
8 27 (0.98%) TeamCity
9 25 (0.91%) GitLab
10 21 (0.77%) Subversion
11 20 (0.73%) JUnit
12 19 (0.69%) NetBeans
13 18 (0.66%) Cucumber
13 18 (0.66%) Mocha
14 17 (0.62%) SpecFlow
15 16 (0.58%) JMeter
16 14 (0.51%) Postman
16 14 (0.51%) Team Foundation Server
17 12 (0.44%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 1,235 (45.01%) Social Skills
2 823 (29.99%) Finance
3 535 (19.50%) Analytical Skills
4 252 (9.18%) Presentation Skills
5 210 (7.65%) Marketing
6 197 (7.18%) Banking
7 195 (7.11%) Public Sector
8 141 (5.14%) Telecoms
9 138 (5.03%) Legal
10 121 (4.41%) Influencing Skills
11 92 (3.35%) Front Office
11 92 (3.35%) Retail
12 67 (2.44%) Manufacturing
13 64 (2.33%) Organisational Skills
14 59 (2.15%) Electronics
14 59 (2.15%) Financial Institution
14 59 (2.15%) Pharmaceutical
15 50 (1.82%) Investment Banking
16 43 (1.57%) Back Office
17 42 (1.53%) Military
Job Titles
1 443 (16.14%) Developer
2 412 (15.01%) Analyst
3 247 (9.00%) Architect
4 141 (5.14%) Designer
5 138 (5.03%) Business Analyst
6 136 (4.96%) Project Manager
7 102 (3.72%) Data Analyst
8 101 (3.68%) Java Developer
9 85 (3.10%) Data Engineer
10 76 (2.77%) Solutions Architect
11 75 (2.73%) Consultant
12 71 (2.59%) Software Engineer
13 64 (2.33%) Senior Developer
14 63 (2.30%) UX Designer
15 61 (2.22%) Data Scientist
16 50 (1.82%) IT Manager
17 46 (1.68%) Network Engineer
17 46 (1.68%) Senior Designer
18 44 (1.60%) Electronic Trading Developer
19 41 (1.49%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 222 (8.09%) HTML
2 182 (6.63%) CSS
3 169 (6.16%) .NET
4 144 (5.25%) React
5 94 (3.43%) Node.js
6 92 (3.35%) AngularJS
7 90 (3.28%) Web Services
8 76 (2.77%) RESTful
9 72 (2.62%) REST
10 68 (2.48%) Kafka
11 63 (2.30%) HTML5
12 62 (2.26%) JSON
13 58 (2.11%) .NET Framework
14 56 (2.04%) XML
15 45 (1.64%) Middleware
16 44 (1.60%) .NET Core
17 43 (1.57%) Spring
18 35 (1.28%) ASP.NET
19 34 (1.24%) jQuery
20 32 (1.17%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 246 (8.97%) Management Information System
2 226 (8.24%) User Experience
3 127 (4.63%) Self-Motivation
4 100 (3.64%) Data Centre
5 90 (3.28%) Algorithms
6 67 (2.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 54 (1.97%) Virtual Team
8 47 (1.71%) Mobile App
8 47 (1.71%) Public Cloud
9 43 (1.57%) Data Structures
9 43 (1.57%) Enterprise Software
10 41 (1.49%) CMDB
11 40 (1.46%) Hedge funds
12 37 (1.35%) NHS
13 32 (1.17%) PMI
14 30 (1.09%) Social Media
15 27 (0.98%) Data Protection Act
16 26 (0.95%) Renewable Energy
17 24 (0.87%) Enterprise Cloud
17 24 (0.87%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 252 (9.18%) Windows
2 192 (7.00%) Linux
3 63 (2.30%) Unix
4 48 (1.75%) Windows Server
5 45 (1.64%) Windows 10
6 33 (1.20%) Apple iOS
7 30 (1.09%) Android
8 21 (0.77%) Windows Server 2012
9 20 (0.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 15 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
11 12 (0.44%) Windows Server 2016
12 11 (0.40%) Mac OS
12 11 (0.40%) Ubuntu
13 10 (0.36%) Mac OS X
14 9 (0.33%) Windows Server 2019
15 8 (0.29%) Windows 7
16 5 (0.18%) tvOS
17 2 (0.073%) CentOS
17 2 (0.073%) OpenWrt
17 2 (0.073%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,015 (36.99%) Agile Software Development
2 959 (34.95%) Computer Science
3 502 (18.29%) Problem-Solving
4 466 (16.98%) Project Management
5 358 (13.05%) Analytics
6 343 (12.50%) Mathematics
7 336 (12.24%) DevOps
8 321 (11.70%) Software Engineering
9 299 (10.90%) CI/CD
10 273 (9.95%) Scrum
11 246 (8.97%) Stakeholder Management
12 240 (8.75%) Decision-Making
13 230 (8.38%) ITIL
14 216 (7.87%) Business Intelligence
15 186 (6.78%) Continuous Improvement
16 180 (6.56%) Change Management
16 180 (6.56%) Risk Management
16 180 (6.56%) Test Automation
16 180 (6.56%) Visualisation
17 164 (5.98%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 431 (15.71%) Python
2 426 (15.52%) SQL
3 385 (14.03%) Java
4 323 (11.77%) JavaScript
5 233 (8.49%) C#
6 196 (7.14%) C++
7 133 (4.85%) C
8 85 (3.10%) R
9 78 (2.84%) PowerShell
10 61 (2.22%) TypeScript
11 55 (2.00%) Scala
12 52 (1.90%) Bash
13 40 (1.46%) Perl
13 40 (1.46%) Ruby
14 35 (1.28%) Java 8
15 30 (1.09%) Shell Script
16 25 (0.91%) Kotlin
17 24 (0.87%) T-SQL
18 23 (0.84%) Go
19 22 (0.80%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 537 (19.57%) Computer Science Degree
2 266 (9.69%) Security Cleared
3 212 (7.73%) Master's Degree
4 201 (7.33%) SC Cleared
5 130 (4.74%) CISSP
6 88 (3.21%) PMP
7 84 (3.06%) PMI Certification
8 79 (2.88%) CISM
9 78 (2.84%) Cisco Certification
10 74 (2.70%) Numerate Degree
11 71 (2.59%) Microsoft Certification
12 58 (2.11%) PhD
13 53 (1.93%) CISA
14 49 (1.79%) MCSE
15 44 (1.60%) DV Cleared
16 40 (1.46%) CRISC
17 38 (1.38%) ISTQB
18 37 (1.35%) ITIL Certification
19 36 (1.31%) CCNP
20 34 (1.24%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 143 (5.21%) QA
2 107 (3.90%) GDPR
3 78 (2.84%) Data Quality
4 69 (2.51%) SLA
5 66 (2.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 51 (1.86%) Accessibility
7 45 (1.64%) PMO
8 44 (1.60%) NIST
9 32 (1.17%) NCSC
9 32 (1.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 30 (1.09%) GRC
11 25 (0.91%) Cyber Essentials
12 21 (0.77%) COBIT
12 21 (0.77%) PCI DSS
13 12 (0.44%) WCAG
14 11 (0.40%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 11 (0.40%) IFRS
14 11 (0.40%) JSP 440
15 8 (0.29%) IFRS 9
15 8 (0.29%) ITGC
System Software
1 143 (5.21%) Docker
2 113 (4.12%) Active Directory
3 77 (2.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (1.09%) Virtual Machines
5 24 (0.87%) Firmware
6 19 (0.69%) vSphere
7 14 (0.51%) HDFS
7 14 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
8 11 (0.40%) Virtual Servers
9 9 (0.33%) Hyper-V
10 7 (0.26%) Microsoft App-V
11 6 (0.22%) BitLocker
12 5 (0.18%) VMware Workstation
13 4 (0.15%) NFS
13 4 (0.15%) Terminal Services
13 4 (0.15%) VMware NSX
14 3 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 3 (0.11%) KVM
14 3 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
14 3 (0.11%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 141 (5.14%) Kubernetes
2 113 (4.12%) Terraform
3 70 (2.55%) Ansible
4 38 (1.38%) SCCM
5 22 (0.80%) Microsoft Intune
5 22 (0.80%) Puppet
6 19 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
7 16 (0.58%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 15 (0.55%) Prometheus
9 13 (0.47%) Oozie
9 13 (0.47%) RSA Archer
10 12 (0.44%) Grafana
10 12 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
11 11 (0.40%) Nessus
11 11 (0.40%) Tivoli
12 9 (0.33%) CASB
13 7 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
14 6 (0.22%) HP ALM
14 6 (0.22%) Packer
14 6 (0.22%) SCOM
Vendors
1 469 (17.09%) Microsoft
2 144 (5.25%) Oracle
3 129 (4.70%) SAP
4 106 (3.86%) Cisco
5 93 (3.39%) VMware
6 85 (3.10%) ServiceNow
7 80 (2.92%) Google
8 68 (2.48%) Adobe
9 63 (2.30%) Salesforce.com
10 57 (2.08%) Databricks
11 39 (1.42%) Atlassian
12 38 (1.38%) IBM
13 34 (1.24%) Splunk
14 30 (1.09%) HP
15 29 (1.06%) Citrix
16 28 (1.02%) ION Trading
17 24 (0.87%) Dell
17 24 (0.87%) Red Hat
18 22 (0.80%) Remedy
19 21 (0.77%) Qualys