Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 326 291 373
Rank change year-on-year -35 +82 -19
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 737 808 640
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.78% 0.88% 0.65%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.44% 3.99% 2.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 506 532 435
England median daily rate £550 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £363 £348 £309
90th Percentile £675 £650 £633
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £439
% change year-on-year +5.26% +8.26% +3.24%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 4 9
England median hourly rate £45.00 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.57% -12.50% -
10th Percentile £24.40 £26.68 £30.65
90th Percentile £71.00 £41.13 £44.15
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £24.49 £40.75
% change year-on-year +83.79% -39.91% +1.88%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 21,414 20,246 22,165
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.73% 22.16% 22.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,092 13,834 14,939
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £315 £308 £288
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 215 258 348
England median hourly rate £32.00 £30.63 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.49% +7.46% +3.64%
10th Percentile £13.81 £13.68 £11.43
90th Percentile £56.02 £52.88 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £32.00 £30.00 £29.53
% change year-on-year +6.67% +1.61% +5.21%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -26 475 £550 - 74
South East -1 88 £438 - 38
North of England -41 66 £400 -5.88% 31
South West +4 42 £425 +25.00% 27
Midlands -30 41 £400 - 18
North West -31 32 £400 -11.11% 14
East of England -24 31 £500 +25.00% 16
Yorkshire -14 29 £425 +3.03% 15
East Midlands -7 20 £360 -4.00% 7
West Midlands -21 20 £500 +17.65% 11
North East -5 5 £280 -15.15% 2
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 737 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 377 (51.15%) Agile Software Development
3 353 (47.90%) Java
4 314 (42.61%) SQL
5 302 (40.98%) Oracle
6 217 (29.44%) Git (software)
7 214 (29.04%) SQL Server
8 188 (25.51%) NoSQL
9 183 (24.83%) Unix
10 167 (22.66%) Microservices
11 164 (22.25%) JavaScript
12 156 (21.17%) Spring
13 155 (21.03%) Python
14 149 (20.22%) DevOps
14 149 (20.22%) Test Automation
15 148 (20.08%) Finance
16 146 (19.81%) Java 8
17 141 (19.13%) MySQL
17 141 (19.13%) Linux
18 136 (18.45%) XML
19 130 (17.64%) REST
20 128 (17.37%) Continuous Integration
21 126 (17.10%) OO
22 121 (16.42%) HTML
23 115 (15.60%) Hibernate
24 111 (15.06%) Scrum
25 110 (14.93%) RESTful
26 109 (14.79%) C#
27 106 (14.38%) CSS
27 106 (14.38%) Security Cleared

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (10.45%) Confluence
2 65 (8.82%) Apache Spark
3 54 (7.33%) WildFly
4 43 (5.83%) WebSphere
5 27 (3.66%) Elasticsearch
6 18 (2.44%) Mule
7 17 (2.31%) Apache Solr
8 15 (2.04%) IIS
9 13 (1.76%) Apache
9 13 (1.76%) OpenStack
10 11 (1.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 10 (1.36%) JBoss
12 9 (1.22%) CMS
13 7 (0.95%) Oracle Workflow
13 7 (0.95%) SAS
13 7 (0.95%) WebLogic
14 6 (0.81%) SharePoint
14 6 (0.81%) Tomcat
15 5 (0.68%) Mule ESB
15 5 (0.68%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 20 (2.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (1.63%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.95%) Photoshop
4 5 (0.68%) HipChat
5 3 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.41%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.14%) InVision
7 1 (0.14%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 10 (1.36%) ION MarketView
2 6 (0.81%) Adobe Campaign
2 6 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.81%) Endur
3 5 (0.68%) Oracle Assets
3 5 (0.68%) Oracle Cash Management
3 5 (0.68%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (0.68%) Oracle EBS R12
3 5 (0.68%) Oracle iProcurement
3 5 (0.68%) Oracle Payables
3 5 (0.68%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 5 (0.68%) Oracle Receivables
3 5 (0.68%) Oracle TCA
4 3 (0.41%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.41%) Oracle Financials
5 2 (0.27%) BASE24
5 2 (0.27%) Workday HCM
6 1 (0.14%) Findur
6 1 (0.14%) Oracle Utilities
6 1 (0.14%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 102 (13.84%) Amazon AWS
2 77 (10.45%) Microsoft Azure
3 18 (2.44%) Google Cloud Platform
3 18 (2.44%) PaaS
4 14 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
4 14 (1.90%) IaaS
5 13 (1.76%) Serverless
6 12 (1.63%) Amazon S3
6 12 (1.63%) SaaS
7 11 (1.49%) Amazon EMR
8 10 (1.36%) Apigee
8 10 (1.36%) AWS CloudFormation
9 9 (1.22%) Azure Data Factory
9 9 (1.22%) Azure Functions
10 8 (1.09%) Amazon SQS
10 8 (1.09%) npm
11 7 (0.95%) GitHub
12 6 (0.81%) Amazon ELB
12 6 (0.81%) AWS Lambda
13 5 (0.68%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 41 (5.56%) HTTP
2 26 (3.53%) TCP/IP
3 23 (3.12%) SSL
4 19 (2.58%) DNS
5 18 (2.44%) DHCP
6 17 (2.31%) IPsec
7 16 (2.17%) FTP
8 8 (1.09%) Internet
8 8 (1.09%) VPN
9 3 (0.41%) Firewall
9 3 (0.41%) SAN
9 3 (0.41%) WAN
10 2 (0.27%) Converged Networks
10 2 (0.27%) FIX Connectivity
10 2 (0.27%) SMS
11 1 (0.14%) AMQP
11 1 (0.14%) LAN
11 1 (0.14%) Network Security
11 1 (0.14%) Unified Communications
11 1 (0.14%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 737 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 214 (29.04%) SQL Server
3 188 (25.51%) NoSQL
4 141 (19.13%) MySQL
5 82 (11.13%) Data Warehouse
6 79 (10.72%) Oracle Database
7 78 (10.58%) Hadoop
7 78 (10.58%) PostgreSQL
8 75 (10.18%) Big Data
8 75 (10.18%) MongoDB
9 42 (5.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 35 (4.75%) Apache Hive
11 28 (3.80%) Apache Cassandra
11 28 (3.80%) DB2
11 28 (3.80%) SQL Server 2008
12 23 (3.12%) SQL Server 2012
12 23 (3.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 22 (2.99%) HBase
14 21 (2.85%) Power BI
15 20 (2.71%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 217 (29.44%) Git (software)
2 101 (13.70%) Maven
3 100 (13.57%) Jenkins
4 95 (12.89%) JIRA
5 76 (10.31%) JUnit
6 67 (9.09%) Mockito
7 62 (8.41%) Checkstyle
8 59 (8.01%) SonarQube
9 57 (7.73%) Liquibase
10 54 (7.33%) Vagrant
11 52 (7.06%) Subversion
12 38 (5.16%) Visual Studio Team System
13 24 (3.26%) Selenium
14 23 (3.12%) Artifactory
15 20 (2.71%) TeamCity
16 18 (2.44%) Team Foundation Server
17 17 (2.31%) Eclipse
18 16 (2.17%) Travis CI
19 15 (2.04%) JMeter
19 15 (2.04%) Mercurial
General
1 148 (20.08%) Finance
2 76 (10.31%) Front Office
3 69 (9.36%) Banking
4 55 (7.46%) Retail
5 46 (6.24%) Investment Banking
6 18 (2.44%) Marketing
7 11 (1.49%) Back Office
8 10 (1.36%) Financial Institution
9 9 (1.22%) Telecoms
10 7 (0.95%) Law
11 6 (0.81%) Manufacturing
12 5 (0.68%) Electronics
12 5 (0.68%) General Ledger
13 4 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.41%) Legal
15 2 (0.27%) Advertising
15 2 (0.27%) Automotive
15 2 (0.27%) Games
16 1 (0.14%) Aerospace
16 1 (0.14%) Billing
Job Titles
1 416 (56.45%) Developer
2 197 (26.73%) Java Developer
3 68 (9.23%) Senior Developer
4 61 (8.28%) Architect
5 55 (7.46%) DevOps Engineer
6 53 (7.19%) Front Office Developer
7 48 (6.51%) SC Cleared Java Developer
7 48 (6.51%) Senior Java Developer
8 38 (5.16%) Analyst
9 37 (5.02%) Full Stack Developer
10 33 (4.48%) Software Engineer
11 31 (4.21%) C++ Developer
11 31 (4.21%) Front Office C++ Developer
11 31 (4.21%) Visual C++ Developer
12 30 (4.07%) Data Engineer
13 28 (3.80%) DBA
14 26 (3.53%) .NET Developer
15 24 (3.26%) Consultant
15 24 (3.26%) SQL Developer
16 22 (2.99%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 156 (21.17%) Spring
2 136 (18.45%) XML
3 130 (17.64%) REST
4 121 (16.42%) HTML
5 115 (15.60%) Hibernate
6 110 (14.93%) RESTful
7 106 (14.38%) CSS
8 101 (13.70%) JMS
9 100 (13.57%) AngularJS
10 95 (12.89%) Web Services
11 81 (10.99%) Kafka
12 76 (10.31%) Node.js
13 74 (10.04%) .NET
14 69 (9.36%) Spring Boot
15 65 (8.82%) JSON
16 61 (8.28%) HTML5
16 61 (8.28%) Java EE
16 61 (8.28%) JAX-RS
16 61 (8.28%) Lambda Expressions
17 57 (7.73%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 60 (8.14%) Derivative
1 60 (8.14%) Linux Command Line
2 48 (6.51%) Analytical Skills
3 45 (6.11%) Equity Derivative
4 40 (5.43%) Fixed Income
5 31 (4.21%) Algorithms
5 31 (4.21%) Interest Rate Derivative
6 28 (3.80%) Self-Motivation
7 25 (3.39%) Enterprise Software
8 17 (2.31%) Computer Science
9 16 (2.17%) HoloLens
10 15 (2.04%) Equities
10 15 (2.04%) Management Information System
11 14 (1.90%) Greenfield Project
12 12 (1.63%) Fintech
13 10 (1.36%) Data Centre
13 10 (1.36%) Data Structures
13 10 (1.36%) User Experience
14 9 (1.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 6 (0.81%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 183 (24.83%) Unix
2 141 (19.13%) Linux
3 73 (9.91%) Windows
4 54 (7.33%) VMS
5 17 (2.31%) Windows Server
6 15 (2.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (1.36%) Windows Server 2012
8 7 (0.95%) Solaris
9 4 (0.54%) CentOS
9 4 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
10 3 (0.41%) AIX
10 3 (0.41%) Amazon Linux
10 3 (0.41%) HPUX
10 3 (0.41%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.41%) Windows 7
10 3 (0.41%) Windows Server 2003
11 1 (0.14%) VME
11 1 (0.14%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 377 (51.15%) Agile Software Development
2 167 (22.66%) Microservices
3 149 (20.22%) DevOps
3 149 (20.22%) Test Automation
4 128 (17.37%) Continuous Integration
5 126 (17.10%) OO
6 111 (15.06%) Scrum
7 90 (12.21%) Open Source
8 87 (11.80%) SDLC
9 73 (9.91%) Data Modelling
10 72 (9.77%) Domain-Driven Design
11 71 (9.63%) TDD
12 68 (9.23%) Analytics
12 68 (9.23%) OOA/OOD
13 63 (8.55%) Dependency Injection
14 61 (8.28%) Business Intelligence
14 61 (8.28%) CQRS
15 60 (8.14%) ETL
16 57 (7.73%) Problem-Solving
17 54 (7.33%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 353 (47.90%) Java
2 314 (42.61%) SQL
3 164 (22.25%) JavaScript
4 155 (21.03%) Python
5 146 (19.81%) Java 8
6 109 (14.79%) C#
7 61 (8.28%) JPQL
8 57 (7.73%) Scala
9 52 (7.06%) C++
10 51 (6.92%) PL/SQL
11 50 (6.78%) Shell Script
12 41 (5.56%) T-SQL
13 31 (4.21%) Perl
13 31 (4.21%) VC++
14 26 (3.53%) Bash Shell
15 17 (2.31%) PowerShell
16 15 (2.04%) C
16 15 (2.04%) VBA
17 13 (1.76%) Ruby
18 12 (1.63%) VB
Qualifications
1 106 (14.38%) Security Cleared
2 85 (11.53%) SC Cleared
3 33 (4.48%) Degree
4 14 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (1.49%) Master's Degree
6 9 (1.22%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.41%) ISEB
7 3 (0.41%) MCSE
7 3 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.27%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.27%) CCSA
8 2 (0.27%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.14%) CCNA
9 1 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.14%) CISSP
9 1 (0.14%) MCSA
9 1 (0.14%) OCP
9 1 (0.14%) Oracle Certification
9 1 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
9 1 (0.14%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (4.48%) Data Quality
2 13 (1.76%) QA
3 7 (0.95%) Basel III
4 5 (0.68%) GDPR
5 3 (0.41%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.41%) WCAG
6 2 (0.27%) HL7
7 1 (0.14%) IFRS
7 1 (0.14%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.14%) PMO
7 1 (0.14%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 88 (11.94%) Docker
2 19 (2.58%) Virtual Machines
3 13 (1.76%) HDFS
4 11 (1.49%) Active Directory
5 10 (1.36%) Apache Flume
6 7 (0.95%) Oracle RAC
6 7 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.27%) KVM
7 2 (0.27%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 2 (0.27%) VMware Server
8 1 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.14%) oVirt
8 1 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.14%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 66 (8.96%) Puppet
2 60 (8.14%) Opscode Chef
3 43 (5.83%) Mesos
4 41 (5.56%) Ansible
5 37 (5.02%) Marathon
6 32 (4.34%) Kubernetes
7 31 (4.21%) Terraform
8 13 (1.76%) Kibana
9 10 (1.36%) logstash
10 9 (1.22%) Oozie
10 9 (1.22%) Single Sign-On
11 8 (1.09%) Data Guard
12 6 (0.81%) Rancher
13 5 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
14 4 (0.54%) Oracle RMAN
14 4 (0.54%) Packer
14 4 (0.54%) Suricata
14 4 (0.54%) yum
15 3 (0.41%) Control-M
16 2 (0.27%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 302 (40.98%) Oracle
2 67 (9.09%) Microsoft
3 28 (3.80%) Teradata
4 27 (3.66%) Google
5 24 (3.26%) Sybase
6 22 (2.99%) Informatica
7 20 (2.71%) TIBCO
8 17 (2.31%) IBM
9 16 (2.17%) Netezza
10 14 (1.90%) Adobe
11 13 (1.76%) Red Hat
12 11 (1.49%) Atlassian
12 11 (1.49%) Cloudera
12 11 (1.49%) Databricks
13 10 (1.36%) ION Trading
13 10 (1.36%) MuleSoft
13 10 (1.36%) SAP
13 10 (1.36%) Tableau
14 9 (1.22%) VMware
15 8 (1.09%) Ab Initio