Period
to 21 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 21 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 385 320 372
Rank change year-on-year -65 +52 -28
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 385 157 530
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.60% 0.61% 0.66%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.79% 2.64% 2.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 226 109 328
10th Percentile £400 £363 £363
25th Percentile £460 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -1.87%
75th Percentile £638 £575 £588
90th Percentile £713 £653 £625
UK median daily rate £524 £523 £500
% change year-on-year +0.24% +4.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 6
10th Percentile £48.38 " £40.75
25th Percentile £51.56 " £43.88
Median hourly rate £58.75 - £57.50
75th Percentile £66.56 " £60.00
90th Percentile £70.13 " "
UK median hourly rate £47.50 - £55.00

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 13,811 5,940 17,861
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.61% 23.15% 22.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,736 4,157 12,447
10th Percentile £350 £313 £325
25th Percentile £419 £405 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £476
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.15% +0.11%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £713 £688 £663
UK median daily rate £515 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +3.00% +5.26% +0.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 198 98 225
10th Percentile £13.50 £12.63 £12.55
25th Percentile £20.08 £17.55 £17.25
Median hourly rate £29.81 £23.59 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +26.39% -21.38% +9.09%
75th Percentile £54.58 £41.88 £51.25
90th Percentile £65.15 £54.30 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £29.81 £23.43 £30.00
% change year-on-year +27.24% -21.90% +13.42%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 21 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -63 242 £575 +9.52% 68
South East -55 50 £525 +27.58% 16
North of England -80 29 £460 +2.22% 23
Midlands -56 23 £475 +22.11% 8
North West -62 18 £445 -1.11% 13
East Midlands -26 16 £450 +15.68% 3
South West - 12 £150 - 4
Yorkshire - 9 £540 - 6
West Midlands - 7 £513 - 5
North East -18 2 £475 +5.56% 4
East of England -49 2 £450 -21.74% 6
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 21 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 385 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 207 (53.77%) SQL
3 149 (38.70%) Oracle
4 139 (36.10%) Java
4 139 (36.10%) Agile Software Development
5 121 (31.43%) Social Skills
6 110 (28.57%) AWS
7 108 (28.05%) Finance
8 94 (24.42%) SQL Server
8 94 (24.42%) Python
9 93 (24.16%) Microservices
10 91 (23.64%) PostgreSQL
11 87 (22.60%) Azure
12 86 (22.34%) NoSQL
13 81 (21.04%) JavaScript
14 75 (19.48%) Analytics
15 73 (18.96%) Spring
16 72 (18.70%) Docker
17 67 (17.40%) Data Modelling
18 64 (16.62%) Oracle Database
19 62 (16.10%) HTML
20 61 (15.84%) ETL
20 61 (15.84%) Git (software)
21 60 (15.58%) Banking
21 60 (15.58%) Business Intelligence
21 60 (15.58%) Jenkins
21 60 (15.58%) Apache Spark
22 56 (14.55%) Big Data
22 56 (14.55%) Data Warehouse
23 55 (14.29%) Analytical Skills

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (15.58%) Apache Spark
2 41 (10.65%) Tomcat
3 20 (5.19%) Apache
4 17 (4.42%) Elasticsearch
5 16 (4.16%) WebLogic
6 13 (3.38%) nginx
7 12 (3.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 10 (2.60%) Confluence
9 9 (2.34%) GemFire
9 9 (2.34%) SharePoint
10 6 (1.56%) CMS
11 5 (1.30%) IIS
11 5 (1.30%) JBoss
12 4 (1.04%) Apache Pig
12 4 (1.04%) Red Hat Fuse
13 3 (0.78%) Documentum
14 2 (0.52%) Appian
14 2 (0.52%) Liferay
14 2 (0.52%) WebSphere
15 1 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 14 (3.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.30%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.52%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (2.08%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.78%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.52%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.52%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 2 (0.52%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.26%) Maximo
4 1 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.26%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.26%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 110 (28.57%) AWS
2 87 (22.60%) Azure
3 45 (11.69%) GCP
3 45 (11.69%) Power Platform
4 25 (6.49%) Azure Data Factory
5 21 (5.45%) Serverless
6 14 (3.64%) Amazon S3
6 14 (3.64%) AWS Lambda
7 13 (3.38%) IaaS
8 12 (3.12%) AWS CloudFormation
8 12 (3.12%) PaaS
8 12 (3.12%) SaaS
9 10 (2.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 9 (2.34%) Azure Synapse Analytics
11 8 (2.08%) Amazon SQS
11 8 (2.08%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 8 (2.08%) Cloud Computing
11 8 (2.08%) OpenShift
12 7 (1.82%) Amazon EMR
12 7 (1.82%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 11 (2.86%) HTTP
2 9 (2.34%) DNS
2 9 (2.34%) TCP/IP
3 8 (2.08%) Firewall
4 6 (1.56%) Internet
4 6 (1.56%) SSL
5 4 (1.04%) Kerberos
6 3 (0.78%) InfiniBand
6 3 (0.78%) Network Security
7 2 (0.52%) X.500
8 1 (0.26%) DHCP
8 1 (0.26%) FTP
8 1 (0.26%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.26%) OpenVPN
8 1 (0.26%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 385 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 94 (24.42%) SQL Server
3 91 (23.64%) PostgreSQL
4 86 (22.34%) NoSQL
5 64 (16.62%) Oracle Database
6 56 (14.55%) Big Data
6 56 (14.55%) Data Warehouse
7 45 (11.69%) Hadoop
8 40 (10.39%) Power BI
9 38 (9.87%) MongoDB
10 36 (9.35%) Data Lake
11 33 (8.57%) Apache Cassandra
12 32 (8.31%) Apache Hive
12 32 (8.31%) MySQL
12 32 (8.31%) Oracle Database 12c
13 31 (8.05%) Tableau
14 26 (6.75%) Oracle Database 11g
15 23 (5.97%) HBase
16 21 (5.45%) Redis
17 17 (4.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 61 (15.84%) Git (software)
2 60 (15.58%) Jenkins
3 53 (13.77%) JIRA
4 26 (6.75%) Maven
5 21 (5.45%) JUnit
6 18 (4.68%) Artifactory
6 18 (4.68%) TeamCity
7 15 (3.90%) Selenium
8 14 (3.64%) Cucumber
8 14 (3.64%) Sonatype Nexus
9 13 (3.38%) Gradle
10 9 (2.34%) JMeter
10 9 (2.34%) Subversion
11 8 (2.08%) Bitbucket
12 6 (1.56%) Ant
12 6 (1.56%) GitLab
12 6 (1.56%) Mocha
12 6 (1.56%) Sinon.JS
12 6 (1.56%) SoapUI
12 6 (1.56%) SonarQube
General
1 121 (31.43%) Social Skills
2 108 (28.05%) Finance
3 60 (15.58%) Banking
4 55 (14.29%) Analytical Skills
5 31 (8.05%) Investment Banking
6 16 (4.16%) Presentation Skills
7 14 (3.64%) Public Sector
8 11 (2.86%) Retail
9 8 (2.08%) Front Office
10 7 (1.82%) Marketing
10 7 (1.82%) Pharmaceutical
11 6 (1.56%) Documentation Skills
11 6 (1.56%) Retail Banking
12 5 (1.30%) Aerospace
13 4 (1.04%) Legal
13 4 (1.04%) Public Speaking
14 3 (0.78%) Financial Institution
14 3 (0.78%) Organisational Skills
15 2 (0.52%) Publishing
15 2 (0.52%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 137 (35.58%) Developer
2 55 (14.29%) Architect
3 51 (13.25%) Data Engineer
4 47 (12.21%) Java Developer
5 32 (8.31%) Solutions Architect
6 31 (8.05%) Analyst
7 25 (6.49%) Support Engineer
8 21 (5.45%) DBA
9 19 (4.94%) Data Architect
10 18 (4.68%) Senior Developer
11 17 (4.42%) Applications Support
12 15 (3.90%) Applications Engineer
13 14 (3.64%) Applications Support Engineer
13 14 (3.64%) Data Modeller
14 13 (3.38%) Consultant
14 13 (3.38%) Python Developer
14 13 (3.38%) SQL Developer
15 12 (3.12%) Oracle Developer
16 11 (2.86%) Java Engineer
17 10 (2.60%) Oracle DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 73 (18.96%) Spring
2 62 (16.10%) HTML
3 49 (12.73%) CSS
4 46 (11.95%) Kafka
5 44 (11.43%) Node.js
6 41 (10.65%) React
7 37 (9.61%) AngularJS
7 37 (9.61%) RESTful
7 37 (9.61%) Spring Boot
8 36 (9.35%) Web Services
9 34 (8.83%) REST
10 31 (8.05%) .NET
10 31 (8.05%) XML
11 28 (7.27%) JSON
12 27 (7.01%) HTML5
13 20 (5.19%) J2EE
13 20 (5.19%) JMS
14 19 (4.94%) jQuery
15 15 (3.90%) SOAP
16 13 (3.38%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 33 (8.57%) Data Structures
2 19 (4.94%) Reference Data
3 16 (4.16%) Credit Risk
3 16 (4.16%) Fixed Income
4 15 (3.90%) Enterprise Software
5 14 (3.64%) Management Information System
6 12 (3.12%) N-Tier
7 11 (2.86%) Algorithms
7 11 (2.86%) Derivative
7 11 (2.86%) Replication
7 11 (2.86%) Self-Motivation
8 9 (2.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 7 (1.82%) Data Protection Act
9 7 (1.82%) FMCG
9 7 (1.82%) Greenfield Project
9 7 (1.82%) Legacy Systems
10 5 (1.30%) User Experience
11 4 (1.04%) Credit Derivative
11 4 (1.04%) Equity Derivative
11 4 (1.04%) OTC Derivatives
Operating Systems
1 49 (12.73%) Linux
2 40 (10.39%) Unix
3 27 (7.01%) Windows
4 10 (2.60%) Windows Server
5 9 (2.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (1.56%) Solaris
7 3 (0.78%) AIX
8 2 (0.52%) VMS
9 1 (0.26%) HPUX
9 1 (0.26%) Oracle Linux
9 1 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 139 (36.10%) Agile Software Development
2 93 (24.16%) Microservices
3 75 (19.48%) Analytics
4 67 (17.40%) Data Modelling
5 61 (15.84%) ETL
6 60 (15.58%) Business Intelligence
7 52 (13.51%) Problem-Solving
8 47 (12.21%) DevOps
9 45 (11.69%) Scrum
10 39 (10.13%) Test Automation
11 37 (9.61%) Migration
12 35 (9.09%) Data Engineering
13 33 (8.57%) Data Pipeline
13 33 (8.57%) SDLC
13 33 (8.57%) TDD
14 32 (8.31%) Performance Tuning
15 26 (6.75%) Data Analytics
16 25 (6.49%) Continuous Integration
16 25 (6.49%) Full Stack Development
16 25 (6.49%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 207 (53.77%) SQL
2 139 (36.10%) Java
3 94 (24.42%) Python
4 81 (21.04%) JavaScript
5 36 (9.35%) C#
6 30 (7.79%) PL/SQL
7 29 (7.53%) Scala
8 27 (7.01%) Groovy
9 22 (5.71%) Shell Script
10 18 (4.68%) Java 8
11 14 (3.64%) Perl
12 13 (3.38%) T-SQL
13 12 (3.12%) C
14 11 (2.86%) Bash Shell
14 11 (2.86%) PowerShell
15 10 (2.60%) TypeScript
16 9 (2.34%) PHP
17 7 (1.82%) ES6
17 7 (1.82%) VBA
18 6 (1.56%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 40 (10.39%) Security Cleared
2 31 (8.05%) Degree
3 18 (4.68%) SC Cleared
4 9 (2.34%) OCP
4 9 (2.34%) Oracle Certification
5 4 (1.04%) BPSS Clearance
5 4 (1.04%) DV Cleared
6 3 (0.78%) CEH
6 3 (0.78%) CISA
6 3 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (0.78%) GIAC
6 3 (0.78%) ISEB
6 3 (0.78%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 3 (0.78%) OSCE
6 3 (0.78%) OSCP
7 2 (0.52%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.26%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.26%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.26%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (4.68%) Data Quality
2 15 (3.90%) QA
3 8 (2.08%) GDPR
4 5 (1.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 4 (1.04%) Accessibility
5 4 (1.04%) Dodd-Frank
5 4 (1.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (1.04%) NIST
6 2 (0.52%) HL7
System Software
1 72 (18.70%) Docker
2 23 (5.97%) HDFS
3 13 (3.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 13 (3.38%) Oracle RAC
4 8 (2.08%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.78%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.52%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.52%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.26%) Firmware
7 1 (0.26%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 54 (14.03%) Kubernetes
2 38 (9.87%) Terraform
3 17 (4.42%) Ansible
3 17 (4.42%) Data Guard
4 13 (3.38%) Grafana
4 13 (3.38%) Oracle RMAN
4 13 (3.38%) Prometheus
5 12 (3.12%) Rancher
6 11 (2.86%) Kibana
6 11 (2.86%) logstash
7 9 (2.34%) Graphite
8 8 (2.08%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 6 (1.56%) Control-M
9 6 (1.56%) Opscode Chef
9 6 (1.56%) Puppet
10 4 (1.04%) Hadoop YARN
11 3 (0.78%) HP ALM
11 3 (0.78%) HP Fortify
11 3 (0.78%) Istio
11 3 (0.78%) Oracle ZFS
Vendors
1 149 (38.70%) Oracle
2 40 (10.39%) Microsoft
3 25 (6.49%) Google
4 20 (5.19%) Databricks
5 16 (4.16%) SAP
6 13 (3.38%) Alteryx
6 13 (3.38%) Cloudera
6 13 (3.38%) IBM
7 12 (3.12%) Dynatrace
7 12 (3.12%) Informatica
8 11 (2.86%) Splunk
9 10 (2.60%) Red Hat
9 10 (2.60%) Talend
10 9 (2.34%) Dataiku
10 9 (2.34%) MuleSoft
11 8 (2.08%) Murex
11 8 (2.08%) Sparx
11 8 (2.08%) TIBCO
12 7 (1.82%) EMC
13 6 (1.56%) Salesforce.com