Period
to 27 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 27 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
27 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 362 382 336
Rank change year-on-year +20 -46 -45
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 206 352 693
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.54% 0.57% 0.76%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.57% 2.65% 3.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 157 206 459
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £362 £337 £375
90th Percentile £655 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% -6.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 7
Median hourly rate £42.87 £27.43 £22.36
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +56.32% +22.65% -50.31%
UK median hourly rate £42.87 £27.43 £22.36
% change year-on-year +56.32% +22.65% -47.39%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 8,018 13,283 20,702
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.03% 21.68% 22.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,560 9,161 14,571
Median daily rate £488 £488 £485
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.52% +2.11%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £667 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +2.63% - +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 138 186 211
Median hourly rate £24.25 £25.25 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.96% -15.83% -7.69%
10th Percentile £13.33 £13.62 £14.00
90th Percentile £60.55 £62.94 £55.00
Median hourly rate £25.14 £25.00 £28.00
% change year-on-year +0.56% -10.71% -13.18%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 27 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 27 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 27 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -10 130 £565 +2.73% 37
North of England +62 23 £450 +8.43% 18
North West +50 18 £450 +8.43% 7
South East +96 16 £350 -6.98% 22
Midlands +44 14 £475 +8.57% 7
West Midlands +37 8 £475 +31.03% 7
South West +66 7 £515 +41.10% 10
East of England +42 6 £515 +17.71% 2
Yorkshire +37 4 - - 8
East Midlands +18 2 £363 -19.44%
North East +19 1 - - 3
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 27 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 206 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 111 (53.88%) SQL
3 95 (46.12%) Agile Software Development
4 71 (34.47%) Finance
5 70 (33.98%) Oracle
6 57 (27.67%) Java
7 54 (26.21%) Python
8 51 (24.76%) Data Modelling
9 49 (23.79%) DevOps
10 45 (21.84%) AWS
10 45 (21.84%) SQL Server
11 44 (21.36%) Jenkins
12 42 (20.39%) Azure
13 41 (19.90%) Microservices
13 41 (19.90%) NoSQL
14 40 (19.42%) Performance Tuning
15 38 (18.45%) Oracle Database
15 38 (18.45%) Linux
16 37 (17.96%) Analytical Skills
16 37 (17.96%) JSON
17 33 (16.02%) JIRA
17 33 (16.02%) Migration
18 32 (15.53%) Spring
18 32 (15.53%) Banking
18 32 (15.53%) Continuous Integration
18 32 (15.53%) Test Automation
19 31 (15.05%) Business Intelligence
20 30 (14.56%) REST
20 30 (14.56%) Analytics
21 28 (13.59%) Enterprise Software

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (6.80%) Jupyter
2 7 (3.40%) Confluence
2 7 (3.40%) Elasticsearch
2 7 (3.40%) JBoss
3 5 (2.43%) Apache
3 5 (2.43%) Tomcat
3 5 (2.43%) WebLogic
4 4 (1.94%) Liferay
4 4 (1.94%) Oracle Application Server
4 4 (1.94%) TPMS
5 3 (1.46%) Apache Spark
5 3 (1.46%) Red Hat Fuse
5 3 (1.46%) SAS
6 2 (0.97%) GemFire
6 2 (0.97%) IIS
6 2 (0.97%) Tuxedo
7 1 (0.49%) Apache Solr
7 1 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
7 1 (0.49%) Jetty
7 1 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 8 (3.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.46%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 8 (3.88%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 5 (2.43%) Oracle EBS
2 5 (2.43%) Oracle EBS R12
3 2 (0.97%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.49%) Maximo
4 1 (0.49%) Oracle 11i
4 1 (0.49%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 45 (21.84%) AWS
2 42 (20.39%) Azure
3 20 (9.71%) AWS CloudFormation
4 19 (9.22%) Power Platform
5 11 (5.34%) AWS Lambda
5 11 (5.34%) PaaS
5 11 (5.34%) Serverless
6 10 (4.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 10 (4.85%) Apigee
6 10 (4.85%) AWS CloudTrail
6 10 (4.85%) Coveralls
7 9 (4.37%) Amazon ECS
7 9 (4.37%) Amazon ElastiCache
7 9 (4.37%) Amazon Kinesis
7 9 (4.37%) Logic Apps
7 9 (4.37%) OpenShift
7 9 (4.37%) PowerApps
8 8 (3.88%) GCP
8 8 (3.88%) SaaS
9 6 (2.91%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 5 (2.43%) TCP/IP
2 4 (1.94%) HTTP
2 4 (1.94%) VLAN
3 3 (1.46%) SSL
4 2 (0.97%) DNS
4 2 (0.97%) Firewall
4 2 (0.97%) X.21
5 1 (0.49%) DMZ
5 1 (0.49%) FTP
5 1 (0.49%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.49%) Kerberos
5 1 (0.49%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 206 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 45 (21.84%) SQL Server
3 41 (19.90%) NoSQL
4 38 (18.45%) Oracle Database
5 26 (12.62%) Data Warehouse
6 19 (9.22%) Big Data
7 16 (7.77%) PostgreSQL
8 14 (6.80%) Oracle Database 11g
8 14 (6.80%) Oracle Database 12c
9 13 (6.31%) Cosmos DB
10 12 (5.83%) Tableau
11 11 (5.34%) MySQL
12 10 (4.85%) Power BI
13 7 (3.40%) Hadoop
13 7 (3.40%) Oracle BI EE
13 7 (3.40%) Oracle ODI
14 6 (2.91%) Redis
15 5 (2.43%) MongoDB
16 4 (1.94%) Apache Cassandra
16 4 (1.94%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 44 (21.36%) Jenkins
2 33 (16.02%) JIRA
3 21 (10.19%) Git (software)
4 18 (8.74%) SonarQube
5 10 (4.85%) TeamCity
6 8 (3.88%) Maven
7 7 (3.40%) Sonatype Nexus
8 6 (2.91%) Bitbucket Server
8 6 (2.91%) CA Release Automation
9 5 (2.43%) Gradle
9 5 (2.43%) JUnit
10 4 (1.94%) Ant
10 4 (1.94%) HP UFT
10 4 (1.94%) Oracle APEX
10 4 (1.94%) Subversion
11 3 (1.46%) LoadRunner
12 2 (0.97%) Artifactory
12 2 (0.97%) Cypress.io
12 2 (0.97%) Selenium
12 2 (0.97%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 71 (34.47%) Finance
2 32 (15.53%) Banking
3 19 (9.22%) Public Sector
4 15 (7.28%) Marketing
5 11 (5.34%) Law
6 8 (3.88%) Investment Banking
7 7 (3.40%) Pharmaceutical
8 5 (2.43%) Front Office
9 4 (1.94%) Retail Banking
10 3 (1.46%) Retail
11 2 (0.97%) Police
12 1 (0.49%) Back Office
12 1 (0.49%) Electronics
12 1 (0.49%) Italian Language
12 1 (0.49%) Legal
12 1 (0.49%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 75 (36.41%) Developer
2 45 (21.84%) Architect
3 32 (15.53%) Java Developer
4 28 (13.59%) Data Architect
5 16 (7.77%) Analyst
5 16 (7.77%) Data Engineer
5 16 (7.77%) Senior Developer
6 14 (6.80%) DBA
6 14 (6.80%) Oracle Developer
7 13 (6.31%) AWS Developer
8 12 (5.83%) Consultant
9 11 (5.34%) AWS Engineer
10 9 (4.37%) Data Analyst
11 8 (3.88%) Oracle DBA
12 7 (3.40%) Senior Oracle Developer
12 7 (3.40%) Technical Architect
13 6 (2.91%) Applications Developer
13 6 (2.91%) Cloud Engineer
13 6 (2.91%) Full Stack Developer
14 5 (2.43%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (17.96%) JSON
2 32 (15.53%) Spring
3 30 (14.56%) REST
4 28 (13.59%) HTML
4 28 (13.59%) Spring Boot
5 21 (10.19%) HTML5
5 21 (10.19%) XML
6 20 (9.71%) Web Services
7 17 (8.25%) Hibernate
8 16 (7.77%) FIX Protocol
8 16 (7.77%) RESTful
9 15 (7.28%) Kafka
9 15 (7.28%) NumPy
9 15 (7.28%) Pandas
10 14 (6.80%) .NET
10 14 (6.80%) Middleware
11 13 (6.31%) CSS
12 12 (5.83%) AngularJS
12 12 (5.83%) React
13 11 (5.34%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 37 (17.96%) Analytical Skills
2 28 (13.59%) Enterprise Software
3 15 (7.28%) Reference Data
4 13 (6.31%) Clustering
5 10 (4.85%) Data Structures
6 9 (4.37%) Credit Risk
7 7 (3.40%) Fixed Income
7 7 (3.40%) FMCG
8 6 (2.91%) Equities
8 6 (2.91%) User Experience
9 5 (2.43%) Self-Motivation
10 4 (1.94%) Public Cloud
10 4 (1.94%) Semantic Web
11 3 (1.46%) Algorithms
11 3 (1.46%) Analytical Mindset
11 3 (1.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 3 (1.46%) Management Information System
12 2 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
12 2 (0.97%) Mainframe
12 2 (0.97%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 38 (18.45%) Linux
2 17 (8.25%) Windows
3 14 (6.80%) Unix
4 11 (5.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (2.43%) Windows Server
6 2 (0.97%) VME
6 2 (0.97%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.49%) CentOS
7 1 (0.49%) Solaris
7 1 (0.49%) SUSE
7 1 (0.49%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 95 (46.12%) Agile Software Development
2 51 (24.76%) Data Modelling
3 49 (23.79%) DevOps
4 41 (19.90%) Microservices
5 40 (19.42%) Performance Tuning
6 33 (16.02%) Migration
7 32 (15.53%) Continuous Integration
7 32 (15.53%) Test Automation
8 31 (15.05%) Business Intelligence
9 30 (14.56%) Analytics
10 23 (11.17%) Data Architecture
11 22 (10.68%) ETL
11 22 (10.68%) TDD
12 21 (10.19%) Data Science
13 20 (9.71%) Data Integration
14 19 (9.22%) Scrum
15 17 (8.25%) Problem-Solving
15 17 (8.25%) Project Delivery
15 17 (8.25%) Software Engineering
15 17 (8.25%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 111 (53.88%) SQL
2 57 (27.67%) Java
3 54 (26.21%) Python
4 19 (9.22%) JavaScript
5 18 (8.74%) PL/SQL
6 11 (5.34%) C#
7 10 (4.85%) Java 8
8 9 (4.37%) Perl
9 7 (3.40%) Go
9 7 (3.40%) Groovy
9 7 (3.40%) Scala
10 6 (2.91%) VBA
11 4 (1.94%) COBOL
11 4 (1.94%) SHACL
11 4 (1.94%) Shell Script
11 4 (1.94%) SPARQL
12 3 (1.46%) PowerShell
12 3 (1.46%) T-SQL
12 3 (1.46%) TypeScript
12 3 (1.46%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 19 (9.22%) Security Cleared
2 13 (6.31%) SC Cleared
3 11 (5.34%) Degree
4 5 (2.43%) AWS Certification
4 5 (2.43%) DV Cleared
5 4 (1.94%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (1.46%) Master's Degree
6 3 (1.46%) TOGAF Certification
7 1 (0.49%) ISEB
7 1 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (4.85%) QA
2 8 (3.88%) Data Quality
3 3 (1.46%) GDPR
3 3 (1.46%) MiFID
4 1 (0.49%) Def Stans
System Software
1 15 (7.28%) Docker
2 8 (3.88%) Active Directory
3 5 (2.43%) Oracle Clusterware
3 5 (2.43%) Oracle RAC
4 4 (1.94%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.49%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.49%) HDFS
5 1 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.49%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 16 (7.77%) Kubernetes
2 10 (4.85%) Kibana
3 7 (3.40%) Data Guard
3 7 (3.40%) Opscode Chef
4 5 (2.43%) Oracle RMAN
5 4 (1.94%) Grafana
5 4 (1.94%) Oracle Flashback
5 4 (1.94%) Prometheus
6 2 (0.97%) Ansible
6 2 (0.97%) Control-M
6 2 (0.97%) Perfmon
6 2 (0.97%) PingFederate
7 1 (0.49%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.49%) HAProxy
7 1 (0.49%) Puppet
7 1 (0.49%) Terraform
Vendors
1 70 (33.98%) Oracle
2 22 (10.68%) Microsoft
3 15 (7.28%) Alteryx
3 15 (7.28%) Dataiku
4 10 (4.85%) IBM
4 10 (4.85%) Red Hat
5 9 (4.37%) MuleSoft
6 8 (3.88%) Salesforce.com
6 8 (3.88%) Sparx
6 8 (3.88%) Splunk
7 7 (3.40%) AppDynamics
8 5 (2.43%) Informatica
8 5 (2.43%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
8 5 (2.43%) TIBCO
9 4 (1.94%) Micro Focus
9 4 (1.94%) SAP
9 4 (1.94%) VMware
10 3 (1.46%) CA
10 3 (1.46%) Facebook
10 3 (1.46%) Sybase