Period
to 12 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 12 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 388 373 352
Rank change year-on-year -15 -21 -22
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 219 261 634
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.49% 0.57% 0.75%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.33% 2.64% 3.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 145 163 424
10th Percentile £350 £346 £381
25th Percentile £413 £413 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £501 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +0.20% - -4.76%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £656 £660 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 11
10th Percentile £44.08 " £18.00
25th Percentile £45.90 £26.65 £20.31
Median hourly rate £48.94 £27.43 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +78.43% -42.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £51.97 £28.20 £58.75
90th Percentile £53.79 " £60.00
UK median hourly rate £48.94 £27.43 £46.00
% change year-on-year +78.43% -40.38% +2.22%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 9,381 9,874 19,141
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.99% 21.55% 22.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,493 6,847 13,448
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £410 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £495 £488
Median % change year-on-year +1.01% +1.54% +2.63%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 165 146 208
10th Percentile £11.40 £13.75 £14.00
25th Percentile £18.50 £17.87 £17.91
Median hourly rate £24.64 £24.70 £31.25
Median % change year-on-year -0.24% -20.96% +4.17%
75th Percentile £49.41 £46.00 £47.50
90th Percentile £63.05 £61.13 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £24.70 £30.00
% change year-on-year +7.29% -17.67% -

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -46 138 £550 +4.76% 48
North of England +18 21 £440 +3.53% 14
Midlands +15 19 £450 - 7
South East +44 16 £413 +3.13% 12
North West +8 12 £441 +5.06% 8
West Midlands +14 11 £450 -34.55% 3
South West +37 9 £515 +19.08% 7
Yorkshire +25 9 £300 -33.70% 5
East of England +10 5 £538 +14.67% 4
East Midlands +15 4 £363 -19.44% 4
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 219 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 133 (60.73%) SQL
3 96 (43.84%) Agile Software Development
4 80 (36.53%) Oracle
5 76 (34.70%) Java
6 67 (30.59%) Finance
7 60 (27.40%) Social Skills
8 57 (26.03%) Python
9 53 (24.20%) DevOps
10 50 (22.83%) SQL Server
11 49 (22.37%) Data Modelling
11 49 (22.37%) AWS
12 45 (20.55%) Azure
13 44 (20.09%) NoSQL
13 44 (20.09%) Jenkins
14 43 (19.63%) Microservices
15 41 (18.72%) JIRA
15 41 (18.72%) Migration
16 39 (17.81%) Spring
17 37 (16.89%) JSON
18 35 (15.98%) Oracle Database
19 34 (15.53%) Analytical Skills
19 34 (15.53%) Banking
19 34 (15.53%) ETL
20 30 (13.70%) Git (software)
20 30 (13.70%) Spring Boot
21 29 (13.24%) Kafka
21 29 (13.24%) PostgreSQL
21 29 (13.24%) Business Intelligence
22 28 (12.79%) HTML

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (7.76%) Apache Spark
2 14 (6.39%) Jupyter
2 14 (6.39%) Tomcat
3 13 (5.94%) WebLogic
4 10 (4.57%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (3.65%) JBoss
5 8 (3.65%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 7 (3.20%) Apache
7 6 (2.74%) CMS
7 6 (2.74%) Liferay
8 5 (2.28%) Confluence
9 4 (1.83%) IIS
9 4 (1.83%) Oracle Application Server
10 3 (1.37%) GemFire
10 3 (1.37%) SAS
11 2 (0.91%) Apache Solr
11 2 (0.91%) Appian
11 2 (0.91%) Cloud Foundry
12 1 (0.46%) Apache Pig
12 1 (0.46%) Jetty
Applications
1 6 (2.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (1.83%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 12 (5.48%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 5 (2.28%) Oracle EBS
2 5 (2.28%) Oracle EBS R12
3 2 (0.91%) Maximo
4 1 (0.46%) Oracle 11i
4 1 (0.46%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 49 (22.37%) AWS
2 45 (20.55%) Azure
3 19 (8.68%) Power Platform
4 17 (7.76%) AWS CloudFormation
5 15 (6.85%) GCP
6 11 (5.02%) Azure Cosmos DB
7 10 (4.57%) OpenShift
8 9 (4.11%) Amazon Kinesis
8 9 (4.11%) AWS Lambda
8 9 (4.11%) Serverless
9 8 (3.65%) Amazon ECS
9 8 (3.65%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 8 (3.65%) PaaS
10 7 (3.20%) Apigee
11 6 (2.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (2.74%) Amazon SQS
11 6 (2.74%) GitHub
12 5 (2.28%) Azure Logic Apps
12 5 (2.28%) PowerApps
13 4 (1.83%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 7 (3.20%) HTTP
1 7 (3.20%) TCP/IP
2 5 (2.28%) DNS
2 5 (2.28%) SSL
3 4 (1.83%) VLAN
4 3 (1.37%) InfiniBand
5 2 (0.91%) Firewall
5 2 (0.91%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.46%) DMZ
6 1 (0.46%) FTP
6 1 (0.46%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.46%) Wireless
6 1 (0.46%) X.21
6 1 (0.46%) X.500
Database & Business Intelligence
1 219 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 50 (22.83%) SQL Server
3 44 (20.09%) NoSQL
4 35 (15.98%) Oracle Database
5 29 (13.24%) PostgreSQL
6 24 (10.96%) Data Warehouse
7 21 (9.59%) Big Data
8 17 (7.76%) MongoDB
9 16 (7.31%) Tableau
10 15 (6.85%) MySQL
11 14 (6.39%) Hadoop
11 14 (6.39%) Power BI
12 12 (5.48%) Oracle ODI
13 10 (4.57%) Apache Hive
13 10 (4.57%) Oracle Database 12c
14 9 (4.11%) Data Lake
14 9 (4.11%) Oracle Database 11g
14 9 (4.11%) Redis
15 8 (3.65%) Apache Cassandra
16 7 (3.20%) Oracle BI EE
Development Applications
1 44 (20.09%) Jenkins
2 41 (18.72%) JIRA
3 30 (13.70%) Git (software)
4 12 (5.48%) TeamCity
5 11 (5.02%) Gradle
5 11 (5.02%) Maven
5 11 (5.02%) SonarQube
6 9 (4.11%) JUnit
7 7 (3.20%) Sonatype Nexus
8 6 (2.74%) Bitbucket Server
8 6 (2.74%) CA Release Automation
9 5 (2.28%) Cucumber
9 5 (2.28%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
9 5 (2.28%) Subversion
10 4 (1.83%) Oracle APEX
11 3 (1.37%) Ant
11 3 (1.37%) Selenium
11 3 (1.37%) Visual Studio
12 2 (0.91%) Eclipse
12 2 (0.91%) IntelliJ
General
1 67 (30.59%) Finance
2 60 (27.40%) Social Skills
3 34 (15.53%) Analytical Skills
3 34 (15.53%) Banking
4 15 (6.85%) Public Sector
5 8 (3.65%) Marketing
6 7 (3.20%) Pharmaceutical
7 5 (2.28%) Law
7 5 (2.28%) Retail Banking
8 4 (1.83%) Investment Banking
9 3 (1.37%) Presentation Skills
9 3 (1.37%) Retail
10 2 (0.91%) Front Office
10 2 (0.91%) Publishing
11 1 (0.46%) Back Office
11 1 (0.46%) French Language
11 1 (0.46%) German Language
11 1 (0.46%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 73 (33.33%) Developer
2 41 (18.72%) Architect
3 32 (14.61%) Java Developer
4 26 (11.87%) Data Engineer
5 24 (10.96%) Analyst
6 23 (10.50%) Data Architect
7 15 (6.85%) Consultant
8 13 (5.94%) AWS Developer
9 11 (5.02%) Data Analyst
9 11 (5.02%) Senior Developer
10 10 (4.57%) DBA
10 10 (4.57%) Oracle Developer
11 9 (4.11%) Data Modeller
12 8 (3.65%) Technical Analyst
13 7 (3.20%) Full Stack Developer
13 7 (3.20%) Technical Architect
14 6 (2.74%) Angular Developer
14 6 (2.74%) Designer
14 6 (2.74%) DevOps Engineer
14 6 (2.74%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (17.81%) Spring
2 37 (16.89%) JSON
3 30 (13.70%) Spring Boot
4 29 (13.24%) Kafka
5 28 (12.79%) HTML
5 28 (12.79%) REST
5 28 (12.79%) Web Services
5 28 (12.79%) XML
6 20 (9.13%) Hibernate
6 20 (9.13%) RESTful
7 18 (8.22%) HTML5
8 17 (7.76%) .NET
8 17 (7.76%) AngularJS
8 17 (7.76%) CSS
9 16 (7.31%) NumPy
9 16 (7.31%) Pandas
10 13 (5.94%) GraphQL
11 12 (5.48%) React
12 11 (5.02%) SOAP
13 10 (4.57%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 23 (10.50%) Reference Data
2 17 (7.76%) Enterprise Software
3 9 (4.11%) Clustering
4 8 (3.65%) User Experience
5 7 (3.20%) FMCG
6 5 (2.28%) Data Structures
6 5 (2.28%) Equities
6 5 (2.28%) Replication
6 5 (2.28%) Semantic Web
7 4 (1.83%) Credit Risk
7 4 (1.83%) Fixed Income
8 3 (1.37%) Algorithms
8 3 (1.37%) Cloud Native
8 3 (1.37%) Management Information System
9 2 (0.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 2 (0.91%) Mainframe
9 2 (0.91%) Mobile App
9 2 (0.91%) Public Cloud
10 1 (0.46%) NHS
10 1 (0.46%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 28 (12.79%) Linux
2 19 (8.68%) Windows
3 14 (6.39%) Unix
4 8 (3.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (2.28%) Windows Server
6 2 (0.91%) AIX
6 2 (0.91%) VME
6 2 (0.91%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.46%) CentOS
7 1 (0.46%) OpenVMS
7 1 (0.46%) Solaris
7 1 (0.46%) SUSE
7 1 (0.46%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.46%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 96 (43.84%) Agile Software Development
2 53 (24.20%) DevOps
3 49 (22.37%) Data Modelling
4 43 (19.63%) Microservices
5 41 (18.72%) Migration
6 34 (15.53%) ETL
7 29 (13.24%) Business Intelligence
8 28 (12.79%) Analytics
8 28 (12.79%) Problem-Solving
9 26 (11.87%) Continuous Integration
10 25 (11.42%) Logical Data Model
10 25 (11.42%) Performance Tuning
11 21 (9.59%) Data Integration
11 21 (9.59%) Data Migration
11 21 (9.59%) Data Science
11 21 (9.59%) OO
11 21 (9.59%) TDD
12 20 (9.13%) Data Architecture
12 20 (9.13%) Test Automation
12 20 (9.13%) UML
Programming Languages
1 133 (60.73%) SQL
2 76 (34.70%) Java
3 57 (26.03%) Python
4 26 (11.87%) JavaScript
5 21 (9.59%) PL/SQL
6 19 (8.68%) C#
7 14 (6.39%) Scala
8 11 (5.02%) Java 8
9 9 (4.11%) Perl
10 7 (3.20%) Go
11 6 (2.74%) Groovy
11 6 (2.74%) Shell Script
11 6 (2.74%) VBA
12 5 (2.28%) SHACL
12 5 (2.28%) SPARQL
13 4 (1.83%) R
13 4 (1.83%) T-SQL
13 4 (1.83%) TypeScript
14 3 (1.37%) ABAP
14 3 (1.37%) C
Qualifications
1 17 (7.76%) Security Cleared
2 9 (4.11%) Degree
2 9 (4.11%) SC Cleared
3 7 (3.20%) DV Cleared
4 5 (2.28%) AWS Certification
4 5 (2.28%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (2.28%) TOGAF Certification
5 3 (1.37%) OCP
5 3 (1.37%) Oracle Certification
6 2 (0.91%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.46%) ISEB
7 1 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 1 (0.46%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (5.94%) QA
2 11 (5.02%) Data Quality
3 5 (2.28%) GDPR
4 1 (0.46%) Def Stans
4 1 (0.46%) HL7
System Software
1 27 (12.33%) Docker
2 9 (4.11%) Active Directory
3 4 (1.83%) HDFS
3 4 (1.83%) Oracle Clusterware
3 4 (1.83%) Oracle RAC
4 2 (0.91%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.91%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.46%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 25 (11.42%) Kubernetes
2 10 (4.57%) Kibana
3 9 (4.11%) Opscode Chef
4 8 (3.65%) Oracle RMAN
5 7 (3.20%) Data Guard
6 5 (2.28%) Ansible
6 5 (2.28%) Grafana
6 5 (2.28%) Prometheus
7 4 (1.83%) Oracle Flashback
7 4 (1.83%) Terraform
8 3 (1.37%) Oracle ZFS
8 3 (1.37%) Perfmon
8 3 (1.37%) PingFederate
9 2 (0.91%) HAProxy
9 2 (0.91%) Nagios
9 2 (0.91%) Puppet
10 1 (0.46%) Control-M
10 1 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
10 1 (0.46%) Istio
10 1 (0.46%) SCOM
Vendors
1 80 (36.53%) Oracle
2 19 (8.68%) Microsoft
3 16 (7.31%) Dataiku
4 15 (6.85%) Alteryx
5 12 (5.48%) Sparx
5 12 (5.48%) Splunk
6 11 (5.02%) IBM
6 11 (5.02%) SAP
7 9 (4.11%) MuleSoft
7 9 (4.11%) Red Hat
8 7 (3.20%) AppDynamics
9 6 (2.74%) Cloudera
9 6 (2.74%) Salesforce.com
10 5 (2.28%) Google
10 5 (2.28%) Talend
11 4 (1.83%) Confluent
11 4 (1.83%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
11 4 (1.83%) Sybase
12 3 (1.37%) Databricks
12 3 (1.37%) Hyperion