Period
to 18 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 18 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 402 367 379
Rank change year-on-year -35 +12 -51
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 399 185 391
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.57% 0.55% 0.59%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.72% 2.54% 2.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 252 118 226
10th Percentile £400 £350 £345
25th Percentile £475 £401 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £565 £481 £500
Median % change year-on-year +17.40% -3.75% -4.76%
75th Percentile £675 £575 £600
90th Percentile £750 £666 £656
UK median daily rate £561 £450 £500
% change year-on-year +24.72% -10.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 0
10th Percentile £25.25 - -
25th Percentile £33.13 - -
Median hourly rate £47.50 £55.00 -
Median % change year-on-year -13.64% - -
75th Percentile £60.63 - -
90th Percentile £67.75 - -
UK median hourly rate £33.75 £55.00 -
% change year-on-year -38.64% - -

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 14,669 7,289 14,223
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.07% 21.75% 21.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,643 5,102 9,805
10th Percentile £363 £310 £321
25th Percentile £428 £394 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £490 £475
Median % change year-on-year +9.69% +3.16% -
75th Percentile £650 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £669
UK median daily rate £525 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +7.69% +2.63% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 176 137 200
10th Percentile £17.64 £13.00 £12.74
25th Percentile £24.50 £18.85 £17.62
Median hourly rate £44.00 £26.00 £26.25
Median % change year-on-year +69.23% -0.95% -7.89%
75th Percentile £62.04 £50.39 £43.88
90th Percentile £72.25 £62.01 £57.70
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £26.96 £26.00
% change year-on-year +63.20% +3.69% -2.44%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -53 257 £600 +14.29% 53
South East -42 44 £500 +63.93% 18
Midlands -50 28 £475 - 7
North of England -55 25 £465 +3.33% 23
East Midlands -21 18 £481 +28.33% 2
North West -47 16 £450 - 13
South West - 15 £150 - 4
West Midlands -55 10 £450 - 4
East of England -47 8 £350 -28.21% 4
Yorkshire -42 7 £725 - 8
North East +1 2 £475 - 2
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 399 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 231 (57.89%) SQL
3 156 (39.10%) Oracle
4 146 (36.59%) Agile Software Development
5 124 (31.08%) NoSQL
6 120 (30.08%) Social Skills
7 119 (29.82%) Java
8 118 (29.57%) SQL Server
9 117 (29.32%) Microservices
10 115 (28.82%) AWS
11 111 (27.82%) Finance
12 90 (22.56%) JavaScript
13 88 (22.06%) Data Modelling
14 83 (20.80%) ETL
15 76 (19.05%) Python
15 76 (19.05%) PostgreSQL
16 75 (18.80%) Azure
17 70 (17.54%) Git (software)
18 69 (17.29%) JIRA
19 67 (16.79%) Spring
19 67 (16.79%) Big Data
20 65 (16.29%) Analytics
20 65 (16.29%) HTML
20 65 (16.29%) Business Intelligence
21 64 (16.04%) Kafka
21 64 (16.04%) Docker
22 63 (15.79%) Jenkins
23 61 (15.29%) DevOps
23 61 (15.29%) Data Warehouse
24 59 (14.79%) Problem-Solving

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (10.28%) Apache Spark
2 32 (8.02%) Tomcat
3 21 (5.26%) Confluence
4 20 (5.01%) Elasticsearch
5 14 (3.51%) Apache
6 11 (2.76%) GemFire
6 11 (2.76%) WebLogic
7 10 (2.51%) JBoss
8 9 (2.26%) SharePoint
9 8 (2.01%) nginx
10 7 (1.75%) Red Hat Fuse
11 4 (1.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 4 (1.00%) Oracle Workflow
12 3 (0.75%) CMS
12 3 (0.75%) IIS
12 3 (0.75%) WebSphere
13 2 (0.50%) Apache ServiceMix
13 2 (0.50%) Apache Synapse
13 2 (0.50%) Mule ESB
14 1 (0.25%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 11 (2.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (1.00%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.75%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.25%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 9 (2.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (1.00%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 4 (1.00%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.75%) Markit EDM
3 3 (0.75%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.50%) Oracle 11i
5 1 (0.25%) Cerner Millennium
5 1 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.25%) Misys Midas
5 1 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 115 (28.82%) AWS
2 75 (18.80%) Azure
3 44 (11.03%) Power Platform
4 30 (7.52%) GCP
5 26 (6.52%) Amazon S3
5 26 (6.52%) Serverless
6 21 (5.26%) Azure Data Factory
7 18 (4.51%) GitHub
7 18 (4.51%) PaaS
8 16 (4.01%) OpenShift
9 15 (3.76%) AWS Lambda
9 15 (3.76%) SaaS
10 13 (3.26%) Azure Synapse Analytics
11 12 (3.01%) Snowflake
12 11 (2.76%) Amazon EMR
13 10 (2.51%) Cloud Computing
13 10 (2.51%) IaaS
14 9 (2.26%) Collibra
15 8 (2.01%) AWS CloudFormation
15 8 (2.01%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 7 (1.75%) HTTP
2 5 (1.25%) Internet
2 5 (1.25%) Network Security
2 5 (1.25%) TCP/IP
3 4 (1.00%) Firewall
3 4 (1.00%) SSL
4 3 (0.75%) DNS
4 3 (0.75%) Kerberos
5 2 (0.50%) BIG-IP
5 2 (0.50%) FTP
5 2 (0.50%) InfiniBand
5 2 (0.50%) Radio Access Network
6 1 (0.25%) DHCP
6 1 (0.25%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.25%) OpenVPN
6 1 (0.25%) PuTTY
6 1 (0.25%) SAN
6 1 (0.25%) SMTP
6 1 (0.25%) VPN
6 1 (0.25%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 399 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 124 (31.08%) NoSQL
3 118 (29.57%) SQL Server
4 76 (19.05%) PostgreSQL
5 67 (16.79%) Big Data
6 61 (15.29%) Data Warehouse
7 57 (14.29%) Oracle Database
8 46 (11.53%) MongoDB
9 44 (11.03%) Data Lake
10 42 (10.53%) Power BI
11 31 (7.77%) Metadata
12 29 (7.27%) Apache Cassandra
13 28 (7.02%) Tableau
14 27 (6.77%) MySQL
15 26 (6.52%) Hadoop
16 24 (6.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 22 (5.51%) Redis
18 18 (4.51%) HBase
19 16 (4.01%) Oracle Database 12c
19 16 (4.01%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 70 (17.54%) Git (software)
2 69 (17.29%) JIRA
3 63 (15.79%) Jenkins
4 23 (5.76%) Maven
5 20 (5.01%) JUnit
6 16 (4.01%) Selenium
6 16 (4.01%) TeamCity
7 15 (3.76%) ERwin
8 13 (3.26%) Cucumber
8 13 (3.26%) ER Studio
9 12 (3.01%) Artifactory
9 12 (3.01%) Gradle
9 12 (3.01%) JMeter
10 10 (2.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 10 (2.51%) Bitbucket
10 10 (2.51%) Sonatype Nexus
11 8 (2.01%) SonarQube
11 8 (2.01%) Visual Studio
12 7 (1.75%) Mocha
12 7 (1.75%) Sinon.JS
General
1 120 (30.08%) Social Skills
2 111 (27.82%) Finance
3 53 (13.28%) Banking
4 49 (12.28%) Analytical Skills
5 33 (8.27%) Investment Banking
6 30 (7.52%) Presentation Skills
7 24 (6.02%) Front Office
8 21 (5.26%) Legal
9 12 (3.01%) Public Sector
9 12 (3.01%) Public Speaking
10 11 (2.76%) Financial Institution
11 9 (2.26%) Retail
12 8 (2.01%) Telecoms
13 7 (1.75%) Documentation Skills
14 6 (1.50%) Marketing
15 5 (1.25%) Organisational Skills
16 4 (1.00%) Aerospace
16 4 (1.00%) Influencing Skills
17 2 (0.50%) Games
17 2 (0.50%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 155 (38.85%) Developer
2 58 (14.54%) Architect
3 53 (13.28%) Java Developer
4 38 (9.52%) Solutions Architect
5 31 (7.77%) Analyst
6 29 (7.27%) Data Engineer
7 28 (7.02%) Data Modeller
8 26 (6.52%) DBA
9 20 (5.01%) Senior Developer
10 18 (4.51%) Applications Support
10 18 (4.51%) Data Architect
11 17 (4.26%) Java Engineer
12 16 (4.01%) Full Stack Developer
12 16 (4.01%) Senior Java Developer
13 14 (3.51%) Business Analyst
13 14 (3.51%) Oracle DBA
13 14 (3.51%) Support Engineer
14 12 (3.01%) .NET Developer
14 12 (3.01%) Project Analyst
14 12 (3.01%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (16.79%) Spring
2 65 (16.29%) HTML
3 64 (16.04%) Kafka
4 52 (13.03%) CSS
4 52 (13.03%) React
4 52 (13.03%) XML
5 47 (11.78%) .NET
6 43 (10.78%) AngularJS
7 42 (10.53%) JSON
7 42 (10.53%) REST
8 40 (10.03%) Spring Boot
9 36 (9.02%) Node.js
10 32 (8.02%) Web Services
11 27 (6.77%) RESTful
12 22 (5.51%) HTML5
12 22 (5.51%) jQuery
13 17 (4.26%) gRPC
13 17 (4.26%) Hibernate
13 17 (4.26%) J2EE
14 16 (4.01%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 33 (8.27%) Data Structures
2 32 (8.02%) Reference Data
3 23 (5.76%) Fixed Income
4 22 (5.51%) User Experience
5 20 (5.01%) Management Information System
6 18 (4.51%) Derivative
7 16 (4.01%) Algorithms
8 15 (3.76%) Self-Motivation
9 14 (3.51%) Enterprise Software
10 12 (3.01%) Credit Derivative
10 12 (3.01%) Equity Derivative
10 12 (3.01%) N-Tier
10 12 (3.01%) OTC Derivatives
11 8 (2.01%) Data Protection Act
11 8 (2.01%) Hedge funds
11 8 (2.01%) Legacy Systems
12 7 (1.75%) Data Centre
12 7 (1.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 7 (1.75%) Public Cloud
12 7 (1.75%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 50 (12.53%) Linux
2 41 (10.28%) Unix
3 30 (7.52%) Windows
4 13 (3.26%) Windows Server
5 10 (2.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (2.01%) Solaris
7 6 (1.50%) AIX
8 4 (1.00%) VMS
9 3 (0.75%) HPUX
10 2 (0.50%) VME
10 2 (0.50%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.25%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 146 (36.59%) Agile Software Development
2 117 (29.32%) Microservices
3 88 (22.06%) Data Modelling
4 83 (20.80%) ETL
5 65 (16.29%) Analytics
5 65 (16.29%) Business Intelligence
6 61 (15.29%) DevOps
7 59 (14.79%) Problem-Solving
8 45 (11.28%) SDLC
9 44 (11.03%) Migration
10 41 (10.28%) TDD
11 36 (9.02%) Logical Data Model
12 35 (8.77%) Full Stack Development
13 34 (8.52%) Software Engineering
14 32 (8.02%) Physical Data Model
15 31 (7.77%) Data Engineering
16 28 (7.02%) Test Automation
16 28 (7.02%) Workflow
17 27 (6.77%) Data Governance
17 27 (6.77%) Data Integration
Programming Languages
1 231 (57.89%) SQL
2 119 (29.82%) Java
3 90 (22.56%) JavaScript
4 76 (19.05%) Python
5 53 (13.28%) C#
6 37 (9.27%) Java 8
7 32 (8.02%) PL/SQL
8 29 (7.27%) PowerShell
9 25 (6.27%) TypeScript
10 20 (5.01%) Shell Script
11 19 (4.76%) Bash
11 19 (4.76%) Scala
12 17 (4.26%) T-SQL
13 16 (4.01%) Groovy
14 13 (3.26%) C
15 12 (3.01%) Perl
16 11 (2.76%) C++
17 8 (2.01%) ES6
18 7 (1.75%) Kotlin
19 6 (1.50%) R
Qualifications
1 47 (11.78%) Security Cleared
2 35 (8.77%) SC Cleared
3 25 (6.27%) Degree
4 7 (1.75%) BPSS Clearance
5 6 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (1.25%) AWS Certification
6 5 (1.25%) OCP
6 5 (1.25%) Oracle Certification
7 4 (1.00%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.75%) CEH
8 3 (0.75%) CISA
8 3 (0.75%) GIAC
8 3 (0.75%) ISEB
8 3 (0.75%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 3 (0.75%) OSCE
8 3 (0.75%) OSCP
9 2 (0.50%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.25%) FFIEC
10 1 (0.25%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (8.52%) Data Quality
2 14 (3.51%) GDPR
3 13 (3.26%) Accessibility
4 12 (3.01%) Dodd-Frank
5 8 (2.01%) QA
6 5 (1.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (1.00%) NIST
8 3 (0.75%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.25%) DICOM
10 1 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.25%) GLBA
10 1 (0.25%) HL7
10 1 (0.25%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.25%) SLA
System Software
1 64 (16.04%) Docker
2 13 (3.26%) Oracle RAC
3 11 (2.76%) HDFS
4 6 (1.50%) Active Directory
4 6 (1.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (1.00%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.75%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.75%) Oracle Clusterware
7 2 (0.50%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 1 (0.25%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.25%) Firmware
8 1 (0.25%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 51 (12.78%) Kubernetes
2 26 (6.52%) Terraform
3 16 (4.01%) Ansible
3 16 (4.01%) Kibana
4 14 (3.51%) Data Guard
5 13 (3.26%) logstash
5 13 (3.26%) Oracle RMAN
6 11 (2.76%) Graphite
7 9 (2.26%) Grafana
7 9 (2.26%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 8 (2.01%) Prometheus
9 7 (1.75%) Opscode Chef
9 7 (1.75%) Rancher
10 6 (1.50%) Hadoop YARN
11 5 (1.25%) Puppet
12 4 (1.00%) Control-M
13 3 (0.75%) HP ALM
13 3 (0.75%) HP Fortify
13 3 (0.75%) Oozie
13 3 (0.75%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 156 (39.10%) Oracle
2 51 (12.78%) Microsoft
3 24 (6.02%) Cloudera
4 21 (5.26%) Databricks
5 18 (4.51%) Talend
6 12 (3.01%) Red Hat
7 11 (2.76%) Google
8 10 (2.51%) SAP
9 9 (2.26%) Sparx
9 9 (2.26%) Splunk
10 8 (2.01%) Dynatrace
10 8 (2.01%) IBM
10 8 (2.01%) Informatica
11 7 (1.75%) Sybase
12 6 (1.50%) Confluent
12 6 (1.50%) Murex
12 6 (1.50%) Teradata
13 5 (1.25%) Alteryx
13 5 (1.25%) BiZZdesign
13 5 (1.25%) MuleSoft