Period
to 19 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 19 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 347 338 347
Rank change year-on-year -9 +9 +5
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 597 692 613
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.72% 0.76% 0.73%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.22% 3.36% 3.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 386 502 411
England median daily rate £500 £525 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +16.67% -
10th Percentile £363 £356 £319
90th Percentile £644 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £438
% change year-on-year - +14.29% -0.91%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 4 2
England median hourly rate £48.50 £45.00 £23.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.78% +93.55% -43.98%
10th Percentile £18.03 £45.00 £17.63
90th Percentile £60.00 £67.75 £29.88
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £45.00 £23.25
% change year-on-year -1.11% +93.55% -43.98%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 18,538 20,617 19,021
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.37% 22.64% 22.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,860 14,466 12,769
England median daily rate £485 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £614
UK median daily rate £475 £464 £438
% change year-on-year +2.43% +6.00% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 223 213 237
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +27.27% -14.60%
10th Percentile £14.26 £14.06 £9.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £54.75 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £29.00
% change year-on-year - +20.69% -5.69%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 19 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -22 311 £550 - 19
South East -29 93 £463 -2.63% 2
North of England +56 85 £500 +25.00% 9
Yorkshire +37 50 £500 +17.65% 9
Midlands +18 45 £450 +18.42%
South West -21 31 £450 -10.00% 3
West Midlands +10 30 £463 +5.71%
East of England +11 26 £445 +1.71% 7
North West +11 25 £435 +20.00%
East Midlands +27 15 £414 +31.35%
North East +27 10 £481 +65.95%
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 19 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 597 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 281 (47.07%) Java
3 265 (44.39%) Agile Software Development
4 235 (39.36%) SQL
5 227 (38.02%) Oracle
6 162 (27.14%) NoSQL
7 158 (26.47%) Linux
8 157 (26.30%) DevOps
9 147 (24.62%) SQL Server
10 146 (24.46%) MySQL
11 139 (23.28%) Amazon AWS
12 135 (22.61%) Microservices
13 128 (21.44%) Finance
14 114 (19.10%) Oracle Database
15 109 (18.26%) Scrum
16 107 (17.92%) Python
16 107 (17.92%) Continuous Integration
16 107 (17.92%) Test Automation
17 106 (17.76%) Jenkins
18 102 (17.09%) OO
19 100 (16.75%) Web Services
20 97 (16.25%) JavaScript
20 97 (16.25%) Docker
21 93 (15.58%) Git (software)
22 92 (15.41%) Unix
23 90 (15.08%) HTML
23 90 (15.08%) MongoDB
24 85 (14.24%) XML
25 81 (13.57%) HTTP
26 80 (13.40%) Spring

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (8.21%) Apache Spark
2 36 (6.03%) Apache
2 36 (6.03%) Confluence
3 19 (3.18%) Documentum
3 19 (3.18%) Tomcat
4 16 (2.68%) Elasticsearch
5 15 (2.51%) JBoss
6 14 (2.35%) WebLogic
7 11 (1.84%) WebSphere
8 10 (1.68%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 8 (1.34%) Apache Airflow
10 7 (1.17%) CMS
10 7 (1.17%) NetWeaver
10 7 (1.17%) WildFly
11 6 (1.01%) Oracle Workflow
12 4 (0.67%) IIS
12 4 (0.67%) Luigi
12 4 (0.67%) WebSphere Application Server
13 3 (0.50%) Mule
13 3 (0.50%) OpenStack
Applications
1 8 (1.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.84%) Microsoft Project
3 2 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.17%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.17%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 18 (3.02%) Oracle Applications
1 18 (3.02%) Oracle EBS
2 17 (2.85%) Oracle EBS R12
3 13 (2.18%) SAP ERP
3 13 (2.18%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.67%) Adobe Campaign
4 4 (0.67%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.50%) Oracle 11i
6 2 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.34%) Infor M3
6 2 (0.34%) ION MarketView
6 2 (0.34%) Summit
6 2 (0.34%) Teamcenter
7 1 (0.17%) Cognos TM1
7 1 (0.17%) DELMIA
7 1 (0.17%) Oracle Utilities
7 1 (0.17%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 139 (23.28%) Amazon AWS
2 70 (11.73%) Microsoft Azure
3 31 (5.19%) Serverless
4 30 (5.03%) AWS Lambda
5 27 (4.52%) Google Cloud Platform
6 25 (4.19%) Amazon S3
7 23 (3.85%) Amazon EC2
8 22 (3.69%) AWS CloudFormation
8 22 (3.69%) Power Platform
9 21 (3.52%) OpenShift
10 19 (3.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 13 (2.18%) GitHub
12 12 (2.01%) SaaS
13 10 (1.68%) Amazon Kinesis
13 10 (1.68%) npm
14 9 (1.51%) Amazon SQS
14 9 (1.51%) IaaS
15 7 (1.17%) Amazon EMR
16 6 (1.01%) Office 365
17 5 (0.84%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 81 (13.57%) HTTP
2 64 (10.72%) DNS
3 54 (9.05%) TCP/IP
4 53 (8.88%) DHCP
5 52 (8.71%) FTP
5 52 (8.71%) SSL
6 51 (8.54%) IPsec
7 27 (4.52%) Internet
8 18 (3.02%) WAN
9 16 (2.68%) LAN
10 7 (1.17%) Firewall
11 4 (0.67%) NAS
12 2 (0.34%) 3G
12 2 (0.34%) 4G
12 2 (0.34%) BGP
12 2 (0.34%) Diameter Protocol
12 2 (0.34%) SAN
12 2 (0.34%) SIGTRAN
12 2 (0.34%) Software-Defined Networking
12 2 (0.34%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 597 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 162 (27.14%) NoSQL
3 147 (24.62%) SQL Server
4 146 (24.46%) MySQL
5 114 (19.10%) Oracle Database
6 90 (15.08%) MongoDB
7 78 (13.07%) Data Warehouse
8 66 (11.06%) Big Data
9 63 (10.55%) PostgreSQL
10 57 (9.55%) Hadoop
11 50 (8.38%) Oracle Database 11g
12 33 (5.53%) Oracle Database 12c
13 27 (4.52%) Amazon Redshift
14 25 (4.19%) Apache Cassandra
15 24 (4.02%) Apache Hive
15 24 (4.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 23 (3.85%) Oracle Exadata
17 22 (3.69%) Amazon RDS
17 22 (3.69%) Power BI
18 21 (3.52%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 106 (17.76%) Jenkins
2 93 (15.58%) Git (software)
3 67 (11.22%) JIRA
4 48 (8.04%) Travis CI
5 27 (4.52%) Maven
6 26 (4.36%) JUnit
7 19 (3.18%) Selenium
8 18 (3.02%) TeamCity
9 17 (2.85%) Sonatype Nexus
10 16 (2.68%) Mockito
10 16 (2.68%) SonarQube
10 16 (2.68%) Subversion
10 16 (2.68%) Visual Studio Team System
11 15 (2.51%) Cucumber
12 14 (2.35%) GitLab
13 13 (2.18%) SpecFlow
14 11 (1.84%) Bitbucket
15 9 (1.51%) Bitbucket Server
15 9 (1.51%) IntelliJ
16 8 (1.34%) Visual Studio
General
1 128 (21.44%) Finance
2 45 (7.54%) Banking
3 23 (3.85%) Investment Banking
4 20 (3.35%) Front Office
4 20 (3.35%) Marketing
5 16 (2.68%) Retail
6 14 (2.35%) Games
7 10 (1.68%) Legal
8 5 (0.84%) Online Betting
9 3 (0.50%) Billing
9 3 (0.50%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.50%) Telecoms
10 2 (0.34%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.34%) Automotive
11 1 (0.17%) Advertising
11 1 (0.17%) Avionics
11 1 (0.17%) Law
11 1 (0.17%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 225 (37.69%) Developer
2 107 (17.92%) Java Developer
3 68 (11.39%) DevOps Engineer
4 63 (10.55%) Architect
5 56 (9.38%) DBA
6 38 (6.37%) Oracle DBA
7 33 (5.53%) Analyst
8 32 (5.36%) AWS Engineer
9 31 (5.19%) AWS Developer
10 29 (4.86%) Consultant
11 28 (4.69%) Senior Developer
12 26 (4.36%) Data Engineer
13 25 (4.19%) J2EE Developer
13 25 (4.19%) Java/J2EE Developer
14 22 (3.69%) Java Engineer
14 22 (3.69%) Software Engineer
15 19 (3.18%) Java Software Developer
16 18 (3.02%) J2EE Software Engineer
16 18 (3.02%) Java Software Engineer
16 18 (3.02%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 100 (16.75%) Web Services
2 90 (15.08%) HTML
3 85 (14.24%) XML
4 80 (13.40%) Spring
5 69 (11.56%) RESTful
6 60 (10.05%) J2EE
7 53 (8.88%) CSS
8 50 (8.38%) JSON
9 49 (8.21%) Middleware
10 44 (7.37%) REST
11 43 (7.20%) .NET
12 39 (6.53%) Kafka
13 33 (5.53%) AngularJS
14 29 (4.86%) Java EE
15 28 (4.69%) Spring Boot
16 26 (4.36%) SOAP
17 25 (4.19%) Hibernate
17 25 (4.19%) J2SE
18 24 (4.02%) React
19 21 (3.52%) Akka
Miscellaneous
1 49 (8.21%) Analytical Skills
2 35 (5.86%) Self-Motivation
3 29 (4.86%) Management Information System
4 24 (4.02%) Greenfield Project
5 22 (3.69%) Public Cloud
6 19 (3.18%) Data Structures
7 16 (2.68%) Algorithms
8 15 (2.51%) Replication
9 11 (1.84%) Hybrid Cloud
9 11 (1.84%) SWIFT
10 10 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
10 10 (1.68%) Enterprise Storage
11 9 (1.51%) Mainframe
12 8 (1.34%) Clustering
12 8 (1.34%) Credit Risk
12 8 (1.34%) Linux Command Line
12 8 (1.34%) Online Games
13 7 (1.17%) Virtual Team
14 6 (1.01%) Derivative
15 5 (0.84%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 158 (26.47%) Linux
2 92 (15.41%) Unix
3 59 (9.88%) Windows
4 31 (5.19%) AIX
5 26 (4.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 18 (3.02%) Solaris
7 15 (2.51%) Oracle Linux
8 9 (1.51%) VMS
9 8 (1.34%) CentOS
9 8 (1.34%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.84%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.34%) Android
11 2 (0.34%) Apple iOS
12 1 (0.17%) Debian
12 1 (0.17%) SUSE
12 1 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.17%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 265 (44.39%) Agile Software Development
2 157 (26.30%) DevOps
3 135 (22.61%) Microservices
4 109 (18.26%) Scrum
5 107 (17.92%) Continuous Integration
5 107 (17.92%) Test Automation
6 102 (17.09%) OO
7 79 (13.23%) OOP
8 77 (12.90%) Open Source
9 69 (11.56%) Software Engineering
10 67 (11.22%) Configuration Management
11 62 (10.39%) ETL
11 62 (10.39%) Kanban
12 61 (10.22%) Business Intelligence
13 58 (9.72%) TDD
14 56 (9.38%) Migration
15 52 (8.71%) Performance Tuning
16 48 (8.04%) Thought Leadership
17 46 (7.71%) Target Operating Model
18 44 (7.37%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 281 (47.07%) Java
2 235 (39.36%) SQL
3 107 (17.92%) Python
4 97 (16.25%) JavaScript
5 67 (11.22%) C#
6 49 (8.21%) Shell Script
7 46 (7.71%) Scala
8 44 (7.37%) PL/SQL
9 42 (7.04%) Java 8
10 39 (6.53%) C++
11 36 (6.03%) Perl
12 24 (4.02%) Ruby
13 18 (3.02%) Bash Shell
13 18 (3.02%) PowerShell
14 12 (2.01%) T-SQL
15 7 (1.17%) JPQL
15 7 (1.17%) PHP
15 7 (1.17%) VB
16 5 (0.84%) ES6
16 5 (0.84%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 42 (7.04%) Degree
2 41 (6.87%) Security Cleared
3 30 (5.03%) SC Cleared
4 21 (3.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (2.01%) DV Cleared
6 10 (1.68%) Master's Degree
7 7 (1.17%) BPSS Clearance
8 4 (0.67%) OCP
8 4 (0.67%) Oracle Certification
9 3 (0.50%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.34%) CCNA
10 2 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.34%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.17%) BC Cleared
11 1 (0.17%) CISSP
11 1 (0.17%) GIAC
11 1 (0.17%) HNC
11 1 (0.17%) HND
11 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.17%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (2.18%) QA
2 9 (1.51%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.84%) HL7
4 3 (0.50%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.34%) GDPR
5 2 (0.34%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.34%) WCAG
6 1 (0.17%) Basel III
6 1 (0.17%) Def Stans
6 1 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.17%) EMIR
6 1 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.17%) MiFID
6 1 (0.17%) SLA
System Software
1 97 (16.25%) Docker
2 52 (8.71%) Virtual Machines
3 36 (6.03%) Oracle RAC
4 27 (4.52%) Active Directory
5 13 (2.18%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.84%) Apache Flume
6 5 (0.84%) HDFS
7 4 (0.67%) XenApp
8 3 (0.50%) Microsoft App-V
8 3 (0.50%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.17%) ISA Server
9 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 1 (0.17%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 1 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.17%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 65 (10.89%) Puppet
2 63 (10.55%) Opscode Chef
3 51 (8.54%) Kubernetes
4 35 (5.86%) Ansible
5 34 (5.70%) Terraform
6 28 (4.69%) Oracle RMAN
7 20 (3.35%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 15 (2.51%) Data Guard
9 7 (1.17%) Docker Swarm
9 7 (1.17%) SCCM
10 6 (1.01%) Kibana
11 5 (0.84%) HP Quality Center
12 4 (0.67%) NetBackup
13 3 (0.50%) BladeLogic
13 3 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.50%) Suricata
14 2 (0.34%) Control-M
14 2 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
14 2 (0.34%) Mesos
15 1 (0.17%) Packer
Vendors
1 227 (38.02%) Oracle
2 67 (11.22%) Microsoft
3 57 (9.55%) IBM
4 32 (5.36%) Informatica
5 26 (4.36%) Red Hat
5 26 (4.36%) SAP
5 26 (4.36%) VMware
6 25 (4.19%) Google
7 21 (3.52%) Atlassian
8 20 (3.35%) Tableau
9 16 (2.68%) MapR
10 14 (2.35%) Adobe
10 14 (2.35%) Salesforce.com
11 13 (2.18%) hybris
11 13 (2.18%) NetApp
12 10 (1.68%) Databricks
12 10 (1.68%) EMC
13 8 (1.34%) Pega
13 8 (1.34%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 8 (1.34%) Sybase