Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 362 336 306
Rank change year-on-year -26 -30 +66
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 525 733 767
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.66% 0.79% 0.85%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.01% 3.43% 3.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 321 518 500
England median daily rate £525 £539 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.55% +10.51% +8.33%
10th Percentile £363 £359 £325
90th Percentile £625 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +4.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 3 5
England median hourly rate £57.50 £45.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +27.78% +28.57% -12.50%
10th Percentile £40.75 £24.40 £19.15
90th Percentile £60.00 £71.00 £40.25
UK median hourly rate £49.75 £45.00 £24.24
% change year-on-year +10.56% +85.62% -40.51%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 17,420 21,359 20,306
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.80% 22.93% 22.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,996 15,107 13,723
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £306
90th Percentile £663 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 232 227 257
England median hourly rate £35.00 £29.50 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.64% -1.67% -
10th Percentile £13.99 £13.87 £12.00
90th Percentile £60.68 £56.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £28.75 £29.56
% change year-on-year +21.74% -2.74% -1.47%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -12 328 £550 - 76
South East +10 94 £470 +4.44% 29
North of England +8 48 £494 +23.44% 19
North West +19 27 £485 +21.25% 11
South West -36 24 £420 +1.82% 18
Yorkshire +8 20 £494 +16.18% 3
Midlands +14 15 £404 -1.52% 8
East of England +15 13 £425 -5.56% 13
West Midlands +20 9 £400 -11.11% 3
East Midlands +6 6 £404 +12.15% 5
North East +22 1 - - 5
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 525 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 253 (48.19%) Java
3 229 (43.62%) Agile Software Development
4 222 (42.29%) SQL
5 202 (38.48%) Oracle
6 155 (29.52%) AWS
7 154 (29.33%) MySQL
8 151 (28.76%) DevOps
9 137 (26.10%) Microservices
10 136 (25.90%) Linux
11 135 (25.71%) SQL Server
12 124 (23.62%) Python
13 119 (22.67%) NoSQL
14 109 (20.76%) Finance
15 106 (20.19%) PostgreSQL
15 106 (20.19%) Docker
16 98 (18.67%) Continuous Integration
16 98 (18.67%) Jenkins
17 95 (18.10%) Git (software)
17 95 (18.10%) Unix
18 86 (16.38%) JavaScript
19 84 (16.00%) Software Engineering
19 84 (16.00%) Test Automation
20 81 (15.43%) Web Services
21 79 (15.05%) Azure
22 76 (14.48%) MongoDB
22 76 (14.48%) Scrum
23 74 (14.10%) Kubernetes
24 73 (13.90%) Oracle Database
25 68 (12.95%) OO

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (7.43%) Confluence
2 32 (6.10%) Apache
3 30 (5.71%) Apache Spark
4 15 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
5 13 (2.48%) JBoss
6 12 (2.29%) Tomcat
7 10 (1.90%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 9 (1.71%) Apache Airflow
9 7 (1.33%) WebSphere
10 6 (1.14%) NetWeaver
11 5 (0.95%) SharePoint
12 4 (0.76%) Luigi
12 4 (0.76%) WebLogic
12 4 (0.76%) WordPress
13 3 (0.57%) CMS
13 3 (0.57%) Documentum
13 3 (0.57%) IIS
13 3 (0.57%) Mule
13 3 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 3 (0.57%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 7 (1.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.38%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.19%) Windchill
3 1 (0.19%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (1.71%) Sonata
2 8 (1.52%) PolarLake
3 6 (1.14%) Markit EDM
3 6 (1.14%) Oracle Applications
4 5 (0.95%) Oracle EBS
4 5 (0.95%) Oracle EBS R12
5 4 (0.76%) Adobe Campaign
5 4 (0.76%) SAP ERP
5 4 (0.76%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.38%) SAP BPC
6 2 (0.38%) Summit
7 1 (0.19%) Cognos TM1
7 1 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.19%) GoldMine
7 1 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.19%) Oracle Utilities
7 1 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 155 (29.52%) AWS
2 79 (15.05%) Azure
3 40 (7.62%) GCP
4 33 (6.29%) Power Platform
5 31 (5.90%) Amazon S3
6 24 (4.57%) SaaS
7 22 (4.19%) Amazon SQS
7 22 (4.19%) Serverless
8 21 (4.00%) Amazon EC2
9 20 (3.81%) AWS Lambda
10 17 (3.24%) AWS CloudFormation
10 17 (3.24%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
10 17 (3.24%) GitHub
11 14 (2.67%) PaaS
12 11 (2.10%) OpenShift
13 9 (1.71%) Amazon Kinesis
13 9 (1.71%) IaaS
14 7 (1.33%) Google Analytics
15 6 (1.14%) Azure Machine Learning
15 6 (1.14%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 64 (12.19%) HTTP
2 50 (9.52%) DNS
3 39 (7.43%) FTP
3 39 (7.43%) TCP/IP
4 38 (7.24%) DHCP
4 38 (7.24%) SSL
5 36 (6.86%) IPsec
6 13 (2.48%) WAN
7 12 (2.29%) Internet
8 8 (1.52%) Firewall
8 8 (1.52%) LAN
9 2 (0.38%) Extranet
9 2 (0.38%) Intranet
9 2 (0.38%) NAS
9 2 (0.38%) SAN
9 2 (0.38%) Software-Defined Networking
10 1 (0.19%) Cisco Nexus
10 1 (0.19%) Ethernet
10 1 (0.19%) FCoE
10 1 (0.19%) Fibre Channel
Database & Business Intelligence
1 525 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 154 (29.33%) MySQL
3 135 (25.71%) SQL Server
4 119 (22.67%) NoSQL
5 106 (20.19%) PostgreSQL
6 76 (14.48%) MongoDB
7 73 (13.90%) Oracle Database
8 66 (12.57%) Big Data
9 59 (11.24%) Data Warehouse
10 44 (8.38%) Hadoop
11 33 (6.29%) Power BI
12 32 (6.10%) Oracle Database 12c
12 32 (6.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 31 (5.90%) Apache Cassandra
14 30 (5.71%) Amazon RDS
15 29 (5.52%) Oracle Database 11g
16 24 (4.57%) Amazon Redshift
17 23 (4.38%) DB2
18 20 (3.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 17 (3.24%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 98 (18.67%) Jenkins
2 95 (18.10%) Git (software)
3 67 (12.76%) JIRA
4 34 (6.48%) JUnit
5 33 (6.29%) Travis CI
6 26 (4.95%) Visual Studio Team System
7 24 (4.57%) Mockito
8 22 (4.19%) Maven
9 19 (3.62%) Cucumber
10 17 (3.24%) Subversion
11 16 (3.05%) Selenium
11 16 (3.05%) SonarQube
12 13 (2.48%) TeamCity
13 10 (1.90%) Checkstyle
13 10 (1.90%) Visual Studio
14 8 (1.52%) Liquibase
15 7 (1.33%) GitLab
15 7 (1.33%) IntelliJ
15 7 (1.33%) Sonatype Nexus
15 7 (1.33%) Spock
General
1 109 (20.76%) Finance
2 40 (7.62%) Banking
3 25 (4.76%) Marketing
4 24 (4.57%) Public Sector
5 21 (4.00%) Investment Banking
6 18 (3.43%) Legal
7 17 (3.24%) Games
8 15 (2.86%) Front Office
8 15 (2.86%) Retail
9 4 (0.76%) Automotive
9 4 (0.76%) Online Betting
9 4 (0.76%) Publishing
9 4 (0.76%) Telecoms
10 2 (0.38%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.38%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.38%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.19%) Advertising
11 1 (0.19%) Electronics
11 1 (0.19%) Law
11 1 (0.19%) Military
Job Titles
1 195 (37.14%) Developer
2 102 (19.43%) Java Developer
3 55 (10.48%) DevOps Engineer
4 44 (8.38%) Architect
4 44 (8.38%) DBA
5 37 (7.05%) AWS Developer
5 37 (7.05%) AWS Engineer
6 36 (6.86%) Software Engineer
7 32 (6.10%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 32 (6.10%) Java Engineer
8 31 (5.90%) Consultant
8 31 (5.90%) Data Engineer
8 31 (5.90%) Java Software Developer
8 31 (5.90%) Java Software Engineer
9 29 (5.52%) Analyst
10 23 (4.38%) AWS Software Engineer
10 23 (4.38%) J2EE Developer
10 23 (4.38%) Java/J2EE Developer
10 23 (4.38%) Oracle DBA
11 18 (3.43%) Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (15.43%) Web Services
2 67 (12.76%) XML
3 66 (12.57%) Spring
4 65 (12.38%) HTML
4 65 (12.38%) RESTful
5 58 (11.05%) J2EE
6 51 (9.71%) JSON
7 42 (8.00%) J2SE
8 39 (7.43%) REST
9 37 (7.05%) .NET
10 35 (6.67%) CSS
11 32 (6.10%) Kafka
12 25 (4.76%) Hibernate
13 23 (4.38%) JMS
14 22 (4.19%) Pandas
15 21 (4.00%) AngularJS
16 20 (3.81%) Akka
16 20 (3.81%) Middleware
16 20 (3.81%) React
17 19 (3.62%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 41 (7.81%) Analytical Skills
2 24 (4.57%) Greenfield Project
3 23 (4.38%) Self-Motivation
4 21 (4.00%) Clustering
5 19 (3.62%) Management Information System
6 17 (3.24%) Pricing Data
7 14 (2.67%) Algorithms
7 14 (2.67%) Credit Risk
7 14 (2.67%) Public Cloud
8 12 (2.29%) Enterprise Software
8 12 (2.29%) Linux Command Line
8 12 (2.29%) Replication
9 11 (2.10%) Equities
10 10 (1.90%) Derivative
11 8 (1.52%) Fixed Income
11 8 (1.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 8 (1.52%) Online Games
12 7 (1.33%) Enterprise Storage
13 6 (1.14%) Mainframe
14 5 (0.95%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 136 (25.90%) Linux
2 95 (18.10%) Unix
3 47 (8.95%) Windows
4 20 (3.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 8 (1.52%) CentOS
5 8 (1.52%) Windows Server
6 6 (1.14%) AIX
7 5 (0.95%) Oracle Linux
7 5 (0.95%) Solaris
8 4 (0.76%) Mac OS X
8 4 (0.76%) VMS
9 2 (0.38%) Android
9 2 (0.38%) Apple iOS
9 2 (0.38%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.19%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.19%) Debian
10 1 (0.19%) SUSE
10 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 229 (43.62%) Agile Software Development
2 151 (28.76%) DevOps
3 137 (26.10%) Microservices
4 98 (18.67%) Continuous Integration
5 84 (16.00%) Software Engineering
5 84 (16.00%) Test Automation
6 76 (14.48%) Scrum
7 68 (12.95%) OO
8 61 (11.62%) Analytics
8 61 (11.62%) Configuration Management
8 61 (11.62%) Migration
9 57 (10.86%) Business Intelligence
10 55 (10.48%) Open Source
11 52 (9.90%) TDD
12 50 (9.52%) ETL
13 49 (9.33%) OOP
14 43 (8.19%) Data Management
14 43 (8.19%) Kanban
15 42 (8.00%) Performance Tuning
16 41 (7.81%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 253 (48.19%) Java
2 222 (42.29%) SQL
3 124 (23.62%) Python
4 86 (16.38%) JavaScript
5 46 (8.76%) Shell Script
6 37 (7.05%) C#
7 36 (6.86%) Java 8
8 31 (5.90%) C++
9 30 (5.71%) Scala
10 28 (5.33%) PL/SQL
11 26 (4.95%) Bash Shell
12 24 (4.57%) Perl
13 18 (3.43%) PHP
14 17 (3.24%) PowerShell
15 16 (3.05%) Ruby
16 11 (2.10%) T-SQL
17 10 (1.90%) JPQL
18 9 (1.71%) VB
19 8 (1.52%) C
20 6 (1.14%) PHP 5
Qualifications
1 47 (8.95%) Security Cleared
2 37 (7.05%) SC Cleared
3 28 (5.33%) Degree
4 14 (2.67%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (1.33%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (1.14%) Microsoft Certification
7 5 (0.95%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.95%) Oracle Certification
8 4 (0.76%) OCP
8 4 (0.76%) TOGAF Certification
9 3 (0.57%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.38%) BC Cleared
10 2 (0.38%) CCNA
10 2 (0.38%) CEH
10 2 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.38%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.19%) HNC
11 1 (0.19%) HND
11 1 (0.19%) MCSA
11 1 (0.19%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (2.86%) QA
2 9 (1.71%) Data Quality
3 4 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.38%) HL7
5 1 (0.19%) Def Stans
5 1 (0.19%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.19%) EMIR
5 1 (0.19%) GDPR
5 1 (0.19%) MiFID
5 1 (0.19%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.19%) SLA
System Software
1 106 (20.19%) Docker
2 33 (6.29%) Virtual Machines
3 22 (4.19%) Oracle RAC
4 20 (3.81%) Active Directory
5 7 (1.33%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.76%) Apache Flume
6 4 (0.76%) HDFS
7 3 (0.57%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 1 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.19%) vSphere
8 1 (0.19%) Xen
8 1 (0.19%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 74 (14.10%) Kubernetes
2 60 (11.43%) Opscode Chef
2 60 (11.43%) Puppet
3 41 (7.81%) Ansible
4 38 (7.24%) Terraform
5 18 (3.43%) Oracle RMAN
6 15 (2.86%) Data Guard
7 8 (1.52%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 7 (1.33%) Kibana
9 6 (1.14%) Docker Swarm
9 6 (1.14%) SCCM
10 5 (0.95%) Single Sign-On
11 4 (0.76%) NetBackup
11 4 (0.76%) Salt
11 4 (0.76%) Suricata
12 3 (0.57%) Packer
13 2 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
13 2 (0.38%) Istio
13 2 (0.38%) linkerd
13 2 (0.38%) PowerBroker
Vendors
1 202 (38.48%) Oracle
2 63 (12.00%) Microsoft
3 39 (7.43%) Google
4 34 (6.48%) IBM
5 30 (5.71%) Sybase
6 25 (4.76%) Atlassian
6 25 (4.76%) Red Hat
7 22 (4.19%) SAP
7 22 (4.19%) Tableau
8 16 (3.05%) Informatica
9 13 (2.48%) VMware
10 12 (2.29%) Adobe
11 11 (2.10%) Cloudera
12 10 (1.90%) NetApp
13 9 (1.71%) Salesforce.com
14 8 (1.52%) Bloomberg
15 7 (1.33%) EMC
15 7 (1.33%) Zend
16 6 (1.14%) MuleSoft
16 6 (1.14%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud