Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 320 284 376
Rank change year-on-year -36 +92 +9
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 775 848 608
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.81% 0.90% 0.64%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.55% 4.08% 2.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 509 590 398
England median daily rate £525 £525 £457
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +14.94% +1.50%
10th Percentile £377 £325 £305
90th Percentile £638 £663 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +0.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 5 4
England median hourly rate £22.00 £35.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -37.14% -16.67% +5.00%
10th Percentile £19.48 £27.87 £37.73
90th Percentile £41.33 £44.50 £44.53
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £29.74 £42.50
% change year-on-year -19.31% -30.02% +6.25%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 21,830 20,769 21,522
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.71% 22.02% 22.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,355 14,452 14,387
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +1.67%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £291
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 228 243 310
England median hourly rate £33.75 £32.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.85% +18.18% -
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.63 £10.55
90th Percentile £57.50 £56.85 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £32.49 £31.23 £28.00
% change year-on-year +4.03% +11.54% -0.22%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -6 502 £550 - 97
South East -28 77 £450 +1.12% 28
North of England -22 69 £400 - 26
South West -9 52 £438 +23.24% 24
Midlands -27 43 £500 +33.33% 13
East of England -17 37 £500 +49.25% 19
North West -29 37 £400 - 16
Yorkshire +2 28 £433 +4.85% 10
West Midlands -18 27 £500 +17.65% 11
East Midlands -7 17 £385 +22.22% 2
North East -14 4 £270 -18.18%
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 775 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 412 (53.16%) Agile Software Development
3 374 (48.26%) Java
4 326 (42.06%) Oracle
5 311 (40.13%) SQL
6 223 (28.77%) Git (software)
7 221 (28.52%) SQL Server
8 200 (25.81%) Unix
9 193 (24.90%) NoSQL
10 189 (24.39%) DevOps
11 188 (24.26%) Microservices
12 184 (23.74%) Test Automation
13 169 (21.81%) MySQL
14 156 (20.13%) Spring
15 154 (19.87%) JavaScript
16 150 (19.35%) Python
17 149 (19.23%) Finance
18 148 (19.10%) Java 8
19 142 (18.32%) Linux
20 139 (17.94%) OO
21 137 (17.68%) Continuous Integration
22 134 (17.29%) REST
23 127 (16.39%) Hibernate
24 126 (16.26%) XML
25 124 (16.00%) HTML
25 124 (16.00%) RESTful
26 121 (15.61%) Amazon AWS
27 113 (14.58%) Web Services
28 111 (14.32%) CSS
28 111 (14.32%) Jenkins

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (11.87%) Confluence
2 66 (8.52%) WildFly
3 57 (7.35%) Apache Spark
4 35 (4.52%) WebSphere
5 33 (4.26%) Elasticsearch
6 21 (2.71%) Apache Solr
7 20 (2.58%) Mule
8 13 (1.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 12 (1.55%) Apache
9 12 (1.55%) CMS
10 11 (1.42%) SAS
11 10 (1.29%) IIS
11 10 (1.29%) JBoss
12 9 (1.16%) OpenStack
13 8 (1.03%) Tomcat
14 7 (0.90%) SharePoint
15 6 (0.77%) Oracle Workflow
15 6 (0.77%) WebLogic
16 5 (0.65%) Mule ESB
17 4 (0.52%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 24 (3.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.03%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.77%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.26%) HipChat
4 2 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.13%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.13%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 14 (1.81%) Teamcenter
2 6 (0.77%) Adobe Campaign
2 6 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.77%) Endur
3 5 (0.65%) ION MarketView
4 3 (0.39%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.39%) Oracle EBS R12
4 3 (0.39%) SAP ERP
4 3 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.26%) BASE24
5 2 (0.26%) Loan IQ
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle iProcurement
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle TCA
5 2 (0.26%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 121 (15.61%) Amazon AWS
2 88 (11.35%) Microsoft Azure
3 19 (2.45%) Google Cloud Platform
3 19 (2.45%) PaaS
4 15 (1.94%) Amazon S3
4 15 (1.94%) IaaS
4 15 (1.94%) Serverless
5 14 (1.81%) Amazon EC2
5 14 (1.81%) SaaS
6 13 (1.68%) Amazon EMR
7 12 (1.55%) Apigee
8 8 (1.03%) Amazon SQS
8 8 (1.03%) Azure Functions
8 8 (1.03%) Datadog
9 7 (0.90%) Azure Data Factory
10 6 (0.77%) Amazon Kinesis
10 6 (0.77%) AWS Lambda
10 6 (0.77%) GitHub
10 6 (0.77%) npm
11 5 (0.65%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 41 (5.29%) HTTP
2 32 (4.13%) TCP/IP
3 28 (3.61%) SSL
4 24 (3.10%) DNS
5 22 (2.84%) DHCP
5 22 (2.84%) FTP
6 21 (2.71%) IPsec
7 14 (1.81%) Internet
8 9 (1.16%) VPN
9 3 (0.39%) Firewall
10 2 (0.26%) FIX Connectivity
10 2 (0.26%) SAN
11 1 (0.13%) BGP
11 1 (0.13%) BIG-IP
11 1 (0.13%) DMZ
11 1 (0.13%) Kerberos
11 1 (0.13%) MPLS
11 1 (0.13%) Network Security
11 1 (0.13%) OSPF
11 1 (0.13%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 775 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 221 (28.52%) SQL Server
3 193 (24.90%) NoSQL
4 169 (21.81%) MySQL
5 103 (13.29%) MongoDB
6 92 (11.87%) Data Warehouse
7 84 (10.84%) PostgreSQL
8 82 (10.58%) Big Data
8 82 (10.58%) Hadoop
8 82 (10.58%) Oracle Database
9 46 (5.94%) Apache Cassandra
9 46 (5.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 37 (4.77%) Apache Hive
11 35 (4.52%) DB2
12 32 (4.13%) Power BI
13 28 (3.61%) SQL Server 2008
14 27 (3.48%) HBase
15 25 (3.23%) Oracle Database 11g
16 24 (3.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 23 (2.97%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 223 (28.77%) Git (software)
2 111 (14.32%) Jenkins
3 106 (13.68%) JIRA
3 106 (13.68%) Maven
4 84 (10.84%) JUnit
5 79 (10.19%) Mockito
6 71 (9.16%) Checkstyle
7 70 (9.03%) SonarQube
8 68 (8.77%) Liquibase
9 66 (8.52%) Vagrant
10 50 (6.45%) Subversion
11 34 (4.39%) Visual Studio Team System
12 27 (3.48%) Artifactory
12 27 (3.48%) Selenium
13 21 (2.71%) Travis CI
14 20 (2.58%) Eclipse
15 17 (2.19%) Mercurial
16 16 (2.06%) JMeter
16 16 (2.06%) SoapUI
16 16 (2.06%) TeamCity
General
1 149 (19.23%) Finance
2 92 (11.87%) Banking
3 62 (8.00%) Front Office
4 60 (7.74%) Investment Banking
5 49 (6.32%) Retail
6 24 (3.10%) Marketing
7 13 (1.68%) Financial Institution
8 7 (0.90%) Back Office
9 6 (0.77%) Telecoms
10 5 (0.65%) Legal
10 5 (0.65%) Manufacturing
11 4 (0.52%) Electronics
12 3 (0.39%) Games
12 3 (0.39%) Law
13 2 (0.26%) Automotive
13 2 (0.26%) General Ledger
14 1 (0.13%) Advertising
14 1 (0.13%) Aerospace
14 1 (0.13%) Billing
14 1 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 429 (55.35%) Developer
2 203 (26.19%) Java Developer
3 68 (8.77%) DevOps Engineer
4 61 (7.87%) Architect
5 54 (6.97%) Full Stack Developer
6 52 (6.71%) Senior Developer
7 48 (6.19%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 43 (5.55%) Analyst
9 37 (4.77%) Software Engineer
10 36 (4.65%) Senior Java Developer
11 35 (4.52%) Front Office Developer
12 34 (4.39%) DBA
13 30 (3.87%) SQL Developer
14 28 (3.61%) Data Engineer
15 26 (3.35%) Consultant
16 23 (2.97%) .NET Developer
16 23 (2.97%) C++ Developer
16 23 (2.97%) Front Office C++ Developer
16 23 (2.97%) Visual C++ Developer
17 21 (2.71%) SQL DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 156 (20.13%) Spring
2 134 (17.29%) REST
3 127 (16.39%) Hibernate
4 126 (16.26%) XML
5 124 (16.00%) HTML
5 124 (16.00%) RESTful
6 113 (14.58%) Web Services
7 111 (14.32%) CSS
8 110 (14.19%) AngularJS
9 104 (13.42%) JMS
10 88 (11.35%) Node.js
11 75 (9.68%) React
12 74 (9.55%) Java EE
12 74 (9.55%) Lambda Expressions
13 72 (9.29%) JAX-RS
13 72 (9.29%) JSON
13 72 (9.29%) Spring Boot
14 70 (9.03%) HTML5
15 68 (8.77%) Kafka
15 68 (8.77%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 71 (9.16%) Linux Command Line
2 59 (7.61%) Analytical Skills
3 49 (6.32%) Derivative
4 40 (5.16%) Fixed Income
5 31 (4.00%) Algorithms
5 31 (4.00%) Equity Derivative
6 25 (3.23%) Enterprise Software
7 24 (3.10%) Management Information System
7 24 (3.10%) Self-Motivation
8 23 (2.97%) Interest Rate Derivative
9 14 (1.81%) Greenfield Project
10 13 (1.68%) HoloLens
11 11 (1.42%) Data Structures
12 10 (1.29%) Data Centre
12 10 (1.29%) Virtual Team
13 9 (1.16%) Equities
13 9 (1.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 9 (1.16%) User Experience
13 9 (1.16%) Wiki
14 8 (1.03%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 200 (25.81%) Unix
2 142 (18.32%) Linux
3 73 (9.42%) Windows
4 66 (8.52%) VMS
5 23 (2.97%) Windows Server
6 19 (2.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 14 (1.81%) Windows Server 2012
8 7 (0.90%) Solaris
9 5 (0.65%) AIX
10 3 (0.39%) HPUX
10 3 (0.39%) Windows Server 2003
10 3 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.26%) CentOS
11 2 (0.26%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.13%) Debian
12 1 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.13%) VME
12 1 (0.13%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 412 (53.16%) Agile Software Development
2 189 (24.39%) DevOps
3 188 (24.26%) Microservices
4 184 (23.74%) Test Automation
5 139 (17.94%) OO
6 137 (17.68%) Continuous Integration
7 104 (13.42%) Scrum
8 100 (12.90%) Open Source
9 84 (10.84%) Data Modelling
10 78 (10.06%) Domain-Driven Design
10 78 (10.06%) SDLC
11 76 (9.81%) Dependency Injection
12 74 (9.55%) OOA/OOD
13 73 (9.42%) Business Intelligence
14 72 (9.29%) CQRS
15 70 (9.03%) ETL
15 70 (9.03%) TDD
16 67 (8.65%) Analytics
17 65 (8.39%) Software Engineering
18 60 (7.74%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 374 (48.26%) Java
2 311 (40.13%) SQL
3 154 (19.87%) JavaScript
4 150 (19.35%) Python
5 148 (19.10%) Java 8
6 99 (12.77%) C#
7 72 (9.29%) JPQL
8 60 (7.74%) Scala
9 57 (7.35%) Shell Script
10 56 (7.23%) PL/SQL
11 48 (6.19%) C++
12 42 (5.42%) T-SQL
13 34 (4.39%) Perl
14 27 (3.48%) Bash Shell
15 23 (2.97%) VC++
16 21 (2.71%) PowerShell
17 20 (2.58%) Ruby
18 17 (2.19%) C
19 12 (1.55%) PHP
19 12 (1.55%) VBA
Qualifications
1 109 (14.06%) Security Cleared
2 90 (11.61%) SC Cleared
3 29 (3.74%) Degree
4 14 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (1.16%) BPSS Clearance
5 9 (1.16%) Master's Degree
6 4 (0.52%) DBS Check
7 3 (0.39%) CISSP
7 3 (0.39%) ISEB
8 2 (0.26%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.26%) CISM
9 1 (0.13%) CCNA
9 1 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.13%) MCSA
9 1 (0.13%) MCSE
9 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.13%) OCP
9 1 (0.13%) Oracle Certification
9 1 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
9 1 (0.13%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (5.16%) Data Quality
2 20 (2.58%) QA
3 14 (1.81%) Basel III
4 6 (0.77%) GDPR
5 4 (0.52%) IFRS
5 4 (0.52%) IFRS 9
6 3 (0.39%) Dodd-Frank
6 3 (0.39%) EMIR
6 3 (0.39%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.39%) MiFID
6 3 (0.39%) WCAG
7 2 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.26%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.13%) HL7
8 1 (0.13%) PMO
8 1 (0.13%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 78 (10.06%) Docker
2 24 (3.10%) Virtual Machines
3 23 (2.97%) Active Directory
4 11 (1.42%) Apache Flume
5 10 (1.29%) HDFS
6 9 (1.16%) Oracle RAC
6 9 (1.16%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.26%) KVM
7 2 (0.26%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 2 (0.26%) VMware Server
8 1 (0.13%) oVirt
8 1 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 73 (9.42%) Puppet
2 68 (8.77%) Opscode Chef
3 46 (5.94%) Ansible
4 33 (4.26%) Kubernetes
5 31 (4.00%) Terraform
6 28 (3.61%) Mesos
7 26 (3.35%) Marathon
8 21 (2.71%) Single Sign-On
9 12 (1.55%) Kibana
9 12 (1.55%) logstash
10 9 (1.16%) Data Guard
11 7 (0.90%) Oozie
11 7 (0.90%) Suricata
12 5 (0.65%) Oracle RMAN
13 4 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
13 4 (0.52%) Nagios
14 2 (0.26%) Control-M
14 2 (0.26%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 2 (0.26%) Rancher
14 2 (0.26%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 326 (42.06%) Oracle
2 70 (9.03%) Microsoft
3 32 (4.13%) Informatica
4 31 (4.00%) Sybase
5 30 (3.87%) Teradata
6 27 (3.48%) Google
7 19 (2.45%) Databricks
8 18 (2.32%) Netezza
8 18 (2.32%) Red Hat
9 17 (2.19%) IBM
10 14 (1.81%) SAP
11 13 (1.68%) MuleSoft
11 13 (1.68%) TIBCO
12 12 (1.55%) Atlassian
12 12 (1.55%) Cloudera
13 10 (1.29%) Adobe
13 10 (1.29%) hybris
13 10 (1.29%) Murex
13 10 (1.29%) Tableau
13 10 (1.29%) VMware