Period
to 5 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 5 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
5 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 375 322 283
Rank change year-on-year -53 -39 +88
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 441 770 869
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.59% 0.80% 0.91%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.75% 3.55% 4.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 248 506 597
England median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £349 £376 £325
90th Percentile £638 £638 £655
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 4 5
England median hourly rate - £22.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -37.14% -16.67%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £29.74
% change year-on-year +45.83% -19.31% -30.02%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 16,054 21,679 20,997
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.50% 22.65% 22.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,934 15,279 14,564
England median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £325 £319 £313
90th Percentile £663 £644 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 233 227 257
England median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 £31.31
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.14% +11.79% +14.11%
10th Percentile £13.80 £14.00 £14.42
90th Percentile £71.85 £57.40 £56.06
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £32.50 £30.50
% change year-on-year - +6.56% +8.93%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 5 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -20 304 £550 - 58
South East +35 59 £450 - 33
North of England +6 33 £425 +6.25% 28
South West -23 21 £375 -14.29% 9
North West -1 20 £388 -2.15% 16
Midlands +24 14 £400 -20.00% 10
Yorkshire +25 12 £481 +13.24% 9
East of England +9 8 £413 -17.50% 13
East Midlands +25 7 £450 +16.88% 4
West Midlands +16 7 £325 -35.00% 6
North East +15 1 - - 3
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 5 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 441 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 211 (47.85%) SQL
3 196 (44.44%) Java
4 183 (41.50%) Agile Software Development
5 181 (41.04%) Oracle
6 152 (34.47%) AWS
7 124 (28.12%) SQL Server
8 119 (26.98%) Finance
9 116 (26.30%) PostgreSQL
10 113 (25.62%) MySQL
10 113 (25.62%) Python
11 105 (23.81%) Software Engineering
11 105 (23.81%) DevOps
12 104 (23.58%) Azure
13 101 (22.90%) Microservices
14 85 (19.27%) Web Services
15 82 (18.59%) Analytics
16 80 (18.14%) NoSQL
17 72 (16.33%) Migration
18 69 (15.65%) JavaScript
19 68 (15.42%) Linux
19 68 (15.42%) Git (software)
20 64 (14.51%) JIRA
20 64 (14.51%) Unix
21 63 (14.29%) GCP
22 62 (14.06%) Docker
22 62 (14.06%) XML
23 61 (13.83%) Kubernetes
24 59 (13.38%) Business Intelligence
25 58 (13.15%) ETL

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (7.48%) Confluence
2 28 (6.35%) Apache Spark
3 25 (5.67%) Apache
4 13 (2.95%) Elasticsearch
5 11 (2.49%) Tomcat
6 9 (2.04%) JBoss
7 6 (1.36%) IIS
7 6 (1.36%) SAS
7 6 (1.36%) SharePoint
8 5 (1.13%) Apache Airflow
8 5 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
8 5 (1.13%) NetWeaver
8 5 (1.13%) WebLogic
9 4 (0.91%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 4 (0.91%) nginx
9 4 (0.91%) WordPress
10 3 (0.68%) ColdFusion
10 3 (0.68%) Ethereum
10 3 (0.68%) SAP EP
10 3 (0.68%) Sonic ESB
Applications
1 6 (1.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.45%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.23%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 20 (4.54%) FINCAD Analytics
2 9 (2.04%) Sonata
3 8 (1.81%) Adobe Campaign
3 8 (1.81%) PolarLake
4 6 (1.36%) Markit EDM
5 4 (0.91%) SAP BPC
6 3 (0.68%) R3 Corda
6 3 (0.68%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 2 (0.45%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.45%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.45%) SAP Bank Analyzer
8 1 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.23%) GoldMine
8 1 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 152 (34.47%) AWS
2 104 (23.58%) Azure
3 63 (14.29%) GCP
4 30 (6.80%) Power Platform
5 24 (5.44%) Amazon S3
5 24 (5.44%) SaaS
6 23 (5.22%) AWS Step Functions
7 19 (4.31%) PaaS
8 17 (3.85%) Amazon SQS
9 16 (3.63%) GitHub
10 8 (1.81%) Azure Machine Learning
10 8 (1.81%) Serverless
11 7 (1.59%) Amazon Kinesis
11 7 (1.59%) Cloud Computing
11 7 (1.59%) IaaS
12 6 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
12 6 (1.36%) AWS CloudFormation
12 6 (1.36%) AWS Lambda
13 4 (0.91%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
13 4 (0.91%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 18 (4.08%) HTTP
2 13 (2.95%) DNS
3 10 (2.27%) TCP/IP
4 9 (2.04%) FTP
5 8 (1.81%) SSL
6 7 (1.59%) DHCP
6 7 (1.59%) IPsec
7 5 (1.13%) Firewall
7 5 (1.13%) SSH
8 2 (0.45%) Extranet
8 2 (0.45%) Intranet
8 2 (0.45%) LAN
8 2 (0.45%) Software-Defined Networking
8 2 (0.45%) WAN
9 1 (0.23%) Cisco Nexus
9 1 (0.23%) FCoE
9 1 (0.23%) Fibre Channel
9 1 (0.23%) InfiniBand
9 1 (0.23%) Internet
9 1 (0.23%) Radio Access Network
Database & Business Intelligence
1 441 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 124 (28.12%) SQL Server
3 116 (26.30%) PostgreSQL
4 113 (25.62%) MySQL
5 80 (18.14%) NoSQL
6 56 (12.70%) MongoDB
7 55 (12.47%) Big Data
8 50 (11.34%) Hadoop
9 48 (10.88%) Data Warehouse
9 48 (10.88%) Oracle Database
10 47 (10.66%) Apache Cassandra
11 43 (9.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 41 (9.30%) DB2
13 38 (8.62%) Amazon Aurora
13 38 (8.62%) Redis
14 30 (6.80%) Power BI
15 26 (5.90%) Couchbase
16 25 (5.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 24 (5.44%) HBase
18 22 (4.99%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 68 (15.42%) Git (software)
2 64 (14.51%) JIRA
3 49 (11.11%) Jenkins
4 33 (7.48%) JUnit
5 29 (6.58%) Mockito
6 26 (5.90%) Cucumber
7 20 (4.54%) Visual Studio Team System
8 16 (3.63%) Maven
9 13 (2.95%) Subversion
10 11 (2.49%) SonarQube
11 9 (2.04%) Selenium
12 8 (1.81%) Checkstyle
12 8 (1.81%) TeamCity
13 6 (1.36%) Gradle
13 6 (1.36%) Liquibase
13 6 (1.36%) Visual Studio
14 5 (1.13%) GitLab
14 5 (1.13%) MSTest
14 5 (1.13%) Spock
14 5 (1.13%) Travis CI
General
1 119 (26.98%) Finance
2 55 (12.47%) Banking
3 32 (7.26%) Front Office
4 20 (4.54%) Marketing
5 19 (4.31%) Investment Banking
6 17 (3.85%) Legal
7 9 (2.04%) Games
7 9 (2.04%) Public Sector
7 9 (2.04%) Retail
8 6 (1.36%) Telecoms
9 5 (1.13%) Publishing
10 4 (0.91%) Automotive
11 2 (0.45%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.23%) Advertising
12 1 (0.23%) Electronics
12 1 (0.23%) Law
12 1 (0.23%) Military
12 1 (0.23%) Private Banking
12 1 (0.23%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 186 (42.18%) Developer
2 75 (17.01%) Java Developer
3 44 (9.98%) AWS Developer
3 44 (9.98%) Software Engineer
4 41 (9.30%) Architect
5 40 (9.07%) Data Engineer
6 35 (7.94%) Java Engineer
7 34 (7.71%) AWS Engineer
8 33 (7.48%) Analyst
9 29 (6.58%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 28 (6.35%) Java Software Developer
10 28 (6.35%) Java Software Engineer
11 24 (5.44%) Data Analyst
12 23 (5.22%) AWS Software Engineer
12 23 (5.22%) DBA
13 22 (4.99%) Senior Developer
14 19 (4.31%) Data Scientist
14 19 (4.31%) DevOps Engineer
15 18 (4.08%) Python Developer
16 17 (3.85%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (19.27%) Web Services
2 62 (14.06%) XML
3 56 (12.70%) HTML
4 53 (12.02%) J2EE
5 47 (10.66%) REST
6 45 (10.20%) .NET
6 45 (10.20%) Kafka
7 40 (9.07%) RESTful
7 40 (9.07%) Spring
8 36 (8.16%) CSS
9 32 (7.26%) J2SE
9 32 (7.26%) Pandas
10 31 (7.03%) JSON
11 28 (6.35%) scikit-learn
12 23 (5.22%) HTML5
12 23 (5.22%) jQuery
12 23 (5.22%) React
13 22 (4.99%) Dropwizard
13 22 (4.99%) gRPC
14 21 (4.76%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 33 (7.48%) Analytical Skills
2 30 (6.80%) Derivative
3 28 (6.35%) Fixed Income
3 28 (6.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 22 (4.99%) Equity Derivative
4 22 (4.99%) Pricing Data
5 21 (4.76%) Hedge funds
6 20 (4.54%) Clustering
7 18 (4.08%) Greenfield Project
8 16 (3.63%) Market Risk
9 15 (3.40%) Algorithms
10 12 (2.72%) Enterprise Software
10 12 (2.72%) Reference Data
11 11 (2.49%) Credit Risk
12 10 (2.27%) Equities
13 9 (2.04%) Linux Command Line
13 9 (2.04%) Public Cloud
13 9 (2.04%) Self-Motivation
14 8 (1.81%) Client/Server
14 8 (1.81%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 68 (15.42%) Linux
2 64 (14.51%) Unix
3 27 (6.12%) Windows
4 12 (2.72%) Windows Server
5 9 (2.04%) Solaris
6 7 (1.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (0.91%) AIX
8 2 (0.45%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.23%) Android
9 1 (0.23%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.23%) CentOS
9 1 (0.23%) CoreOS
9 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 183 (41.50%) Agile Software Development
2 105 (23.81%) DevOps
2 105 (23.81%) Software Engineering
3 101 (22.90%) Microservices
4 82 (18.59%) Analytics
5 72 (16.33%) Migration
6 59 (13.38%) Business Intelligence
7 58 (13.15%) ETL
8 57 (12.93%) Machine Learning
9 56 (12.70%) Continuous Integration
10 50 (11.34%) Problem-Solving
11 48 (10.88%) Data Modelling
12 46 (10.43%) Data Science
13 45 (10.20%) Asset Management
14 41 (9.30%) Data Management
15 39 (8.84%) TDD
16 35 (7.94%) Test Automation
17 34 (7.71%) Visualisation
18 33 (7.48%) Scrum
19 28 (6.35%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 211 (47.85%) SQL
2 196 (44.44%) Java
3 113 (25.62%) Python
4 69 (15.65%) JavaScript
5 41 (9.30%) C#
6 39 (8.84%) Scala
7 27 (6.12%) Java 8
8 25 (5.67%) Shell Script
9 22 (4.99%) C++
10 20 (4.54%) Kotlin
11 19 (4.31%) PHP
12 18 (4.08%) PL/SQL
13 14 (3.17%) T-SQL
14 12 (2.72%) Bash Shell
15 11 (2.49%) PowerShell
16 9 (2.04%) Perl
16 9 (2.04%) PHP 5
16 9 (2.04%) PHP 7
17 8 (1.81%) JPQL
17 8 (1.81%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 45 (10.20%) Security Cleared
2 36 (8.16%) SC Cleared
3 14 (3.17%) Degree
4 7 (1.59%) Microsoft Certification
5 6 (1.36%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (1.13%) SAS Certification
7 3 (0.68%) Oracle Certification
8 2 (0.45%) BC Cleared
8 2 (0.45%) CEH
8 2 (0.45%) OCP
8 2 (0.45%) PMI Certification
8 2 (0.45%) TOGAF Certification
9 1 (0.23%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.23%) CISSP
9 1 (0.23%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.23%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.23%) ISSMP
9 1 (0.23%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (3.17%) QA
2 11 (2.49%) Data Quality
3 6 (1.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.45%) COBIT
5 1 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.23%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.23%) EMIR
5 1 (0.23%) GDPR
5 1 (0.23%) MiFID
System Software
1 62 (14.06%) Docker
2 15 (3.40%) Active Directory
3 8 (1.81%) Apache Flume
4 6 (1.36%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.91%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 3 (0.68%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.45%) HDFS
7 2 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.23%) vSphere
8 1 (0.23%) Xen
8 1 (0.23%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 61 (13.83%) Kubernetes
2 23 (5.22%) Ansible
2 23 (5.22%) Opscode Chef
3 22 (4.99%) Terraform
4 20 (4.54%) Puppet
5 10 (2.27%) Istio
5 10 (2.27%) linkerd
5 10 (2.27%) Single Sign-On
6 7 (1.59%) Kibana
7 6 (1.36%) Data Guard
8 5 (1.13%) MIIS
8 5 (1.13%) Oracle RMAN
9 4 (0.91%) Salt
10 3 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
10 3 (0.68%) SCCM
11 2 (0.45%) Hadoop YARN
11 2 (0.45%) Oozie
11 2 (0.45%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 2 (0.45%) Packer
11 2 (0.45%) PowerBroker
Vendors
1 181 (41.04%) Oracle
2 52 (11.79%) Sybase
3 49 (11.11%) Microsoft
4 48 (10.88%) Google
5 22 (4.99%) IBM
5 22 (4.99%) SAP
6 18 (4.08%) Tableau
7 17 (3.85%) Atlassian
8 11 (2.49%) Informatica
8 11 (2.49%) Zend
9 10 (2.27%) Adobe
9 10 (2.27%) Cloudera
9 10 (2.27%) Red Hat
9 10 (2.27%) Teradata
10 8 (1.81%) Bloomberg
10 8 (1.81%) Databricks
11 7 (1.59%) Talend
12 6 (1.36%) Hortonworks
12 6 (1.36%) MapR
12 6 (1.36%) Salesforce.com