Period
to 19 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 19 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 283 372 391
Rank change year-on-year +89 +19 -87
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 822 543 574
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.89% 0.62% 0.58%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 4.07% 2.77% 2.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 596 357 370
England median daily rate £525 £475 £443
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.53% +7.34% -1.67%
10th Percentile £330 £319 £304
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -1.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 6
England median hourly rate £43.75 £43.25 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.16% +8.13% -50.00%
10th Percentile £41.63 £41.53 £39.13
90th Percentile £44.88 £43.98 £44.63
UK median hourly rate £33.25 £44.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -24.43% +10.00% -50.00%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 20,196 19,622 22,720
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.84% 22.40% 22.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,227 13,226 15,345
England median daily rate £475 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £295 £278
90th Percentile £635 £613 £588
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +8.82% +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 227 254 372
England median hourly rate £35.00 £25.95 £27.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +34.90% -5.21% -0.47%
10th Percentile £15.25 £9.25 £11.53
90th Percentile £58.00 £47.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £34.25 £26.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year +29.25% -3.64% -

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 19 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +71 534 £550 +4.76% 98
South East +10 102 £438 +19.54% 49
North of England +55 64 £363 +2.40% 32
Midlands +12 58 £360 -12.20% 29
North West +36 48 £355 +1.43% 16
South West +26 35 £425 +16.84% 20
East of England -2 35 £413 +15.38% 14
East Midlands +8 32 £315 -23.17% 14
West Midlands +15 26 £425 +11.48% 14
Yorkshire +6 15 £375 +5.93% 14
North East +35 1 - - 2
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 19 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 822 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 475 (57.79%) Java
3 401 (48.78%) Agile Software Development
4 343 (41.73%) SQL
5 325 (39.54%) Oracle
6 238 (28.95%) Linux
7 227 (27.62%) SQL Server
8 218 (26.52%) Unix
9 207 (25.18%) Test Automation
10 201 (24.45%) Git (software)
10 201 (24.45%) OO
11 187 (22.75%) Finance
12 183 (22.26%) REST
13 177 (21.53%) Python
14 171 (20.80%) Spring
15 165 (20.07%) JUnit
16 161 (19.59%) JavaScript
17 153 (18.61%) Maven
18 152 (18.49%) DevOps
19 151 (18.37%) TDD
20 150 (18.25%) Continuous Integration
21 149 (18.13%) Hibernate
22 148 (18.00%) NoSQL
22 148 (18.00%) Microservices
23 144 (17.52%) RESTful
23 144 (17.52%) Banking
24 141 (17.15%) JIRA
25 135 (16.42%) Scrum
26 134 (16.30%) JMS
27 131 (15.94%) SDLC

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (11.80%) Confluence
2 68 (8.27%) WildFly
3 49 (5.96%) Apache Spark
4 44 (5.35%) Tomcat
5 41 (4.99%) JBoss
6 38 (4.62%) Apache
7 29 (3.53%) Elasticsearch
8 21 (2.55%) WebLogic
9 16 (1.95%) nginx
10 15 (1.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 15 (1.82%) WebSphere
11 14 (1.70%) SAS
12 13 (1.58%) SharePoint
13 10 (1.22%) BizTalk Server
13 10 (1.22%) IIS
14 8 (0.97%) Apache Pig
14 8 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
14 8 (0.97%) Mule
15 7 (0.85%) CMS
16 6 (0.73%) OpenStack
Applications
1 18 (2.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.34%) HipChat
3 7 (0.85%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.36%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.12%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 7 (0.85%) Temenos T24
2 6 (0.73%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 6 (0.73%) Teamcenter
3 4 (0.49%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.49%) Eagle PACE
3 4 (0.49%) Markit EDM
4 3 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.36%) MetaTrader
4 3 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.24%) Magento
5 2 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle iProcurement
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle SCM
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle Utilities
6 1 (0.12%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 107 (13.02%) Amazon AWS
2 52 (6.33%) Microsoft Azure
3 22 (2.68%) GitHub
4 17 (2.07%) AWS CloudFormation
4 17 (2.07%) Google Cloud Platform
4 17 (2.07%) PaaS
4 17 (2.07%) SaaS
5 13 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
6 7 (0.85%) Amazon S3
7 6 (0.73%) Amazon ELB
8 5 (0.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 5 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
8 5 (0.61%) AWS Lambda
8 5 (0.61%) Office 365
8 5 (0.61%) OpenShift
8 5 (0.61%) Serverless
9 4 (0.49%) IaaS
9 4 (0.49%) Sauce Labs
10 3 (0.36%) Amazon EMR
10 3 (0.36%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 38 (4.62%) TCP/IP
2 35 (4.26%) HTTP
3 26 (3.16%) DNS
3 26 (3.16%) Internet
4 20 (2.43%) DHCP
5 16 (1.95%) SSL
6 13 (1.58%) FTP
6 13 (1.58%) IPsec
7 11 (1.34%) MQTT
8 3 (0.36%) IMAP
8 3 (0.36%) POP3
8 3 (0.36%) RTP
8 3 (0.36%) SMS
9 2 (0.24%) LAN
9 2 (0.24%) SAN
9 2 (0.24%) snoop
9 2 (0.24%) WAN
9 2 (0.24%) Wireshark
10 1 (0.12%) AMQP
10 1 (0.12%) Firewall
Database & Business Intelligence
1 822 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 227 (27.62%) SQL Server
3 148 (18.00%) NoSQL
4 117 (14.23%) PostgreSQL
5 116 (14.11%) Oracle Database
6 107 (13.02%) MySQL
7 84 (10.22%) Big Data
8 72 (8.76%) Data Warehouse
9 62 (7.54%) Hadoop
10 54 (6.57%) MongoDB
11 49 (5.96%) DB2
12 37 (4.50%) Apache Hive
13 25 (3.04%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 24 (2.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 16 (1.95%) HBase
16 14 (1.70%) Oracle Database 11g
16 14 (1.70%) SQLPlus
17 13 (1.58%) Power BI
17 13 (1.58%) SQL Server 2012
18 12 (1.46%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 201 (24.45%) Git (software)
2 165 (20.07%) JUnit
3 153 (18.61%) Maven
4 141 (17.15%) JIRA
5 109 (13.26%) Jenkins
6 101 (12.29%) SonarQube
7 85 (10.34%) Mockito
8 78 (9.49%) Checkstyle
9 70 (8.52%) Liquibase
10 69 (8.39%) Vagrant
11 43 (5.23%) Gradle
12 38 (4.62%) TeamCity
12 38 (4.62%) Visual Studio
13 37 (4.50%) Team Foundation Server
14 33 (4.01%) Subversion
15 32 (3.89%) Eclipse
16 26 (3.16%) Sonatype Nexus
17 25 (3.04%) Selenium
18 23 (2.80%) Bitbucket
19 20 (2.43%) JProfiler
General
1 187 (22.75%) Finance
2 144 (17.52%) Banking
3 65 (7.91%) Front Office
4 44 (5.35%) Investment Banking
5 23 (2.80%) Telecoms
6 22 (2.68%) Retail
7 20 (2.43%) Manufacturing
8 16 (1.95%) Marketing
9 15 (1.82%) Games
10 13 (1.58%) Publishing
11 12 (1.46%) Automotive
12 8 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.85%) Legal
13 7 (0.85%) Retail Banking
14 5 (0.61%) Electronics
15 4 (0.49%) Financial Institution
15 4 (0.49%) Local Government
16 3 (0.36%) Advertising
16 3 (0.36%) Law
17 2 (0.24%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 495 (60.22%) Developer
2 271 (32.97%) Java Developer
3 113 (13.75%) Senior Developer
4 71 (8.64%) Architect
5 46 (5.60%) DevOps Engineer
6 43 (5.23%) Senior Java Developer
7 40 (4.87%) Full Stack Developer
7 40 (4.87%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 36 (4.38%) SQL Developer
9 35 (4.26%) C# Developer
9 35 (4.26%) Front Office Developer
10 32 (3.89%) Python Developer
11 31 (3.77%) .NET Developer
12 28 (3.41%) Senior Python Developer
13 27 (3.28%) Analyst
13 27 (3.28%) Solutions Architect
14 25 (3.04%) DBA
15 23 (2.80%) Data Architect
16 22 (2.68%) Oracle Developer
17 20 (2.43%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 183 (22.26%) REST
2 171 (20.80%) Spring
3 149 (18.13%) Hibernate
4 144 (17.52%) RESTful
5 134 (16.30%) JMS
6 118 (14.36%) Web Services
7 113 (13.75%) XML
8 107 (13.02%) JSON
9 98 (11.92%) Java EE
10 87 (10.58%) .NET
11 81 (9.85%) HTML
12 73 (8.88%) JAX-RS
13 71 (8.64%) Lambda Expressions
14 69 (8.39%) Drools
14 69 (8.39%) WireMock
15 58 (7.06%) SOAP
16 50 (6.08%) CSS
17 46 (5.60%) J2EE
18 45 (5.47%) Kafka
19 44 (5.35%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 96 (11.68%) Analytical Skills
2 71 (8.64%) Linux Command Line
3 59 (7.18%) Derivative
4 46 (5.60%) Equities
5 45 (5.47%) Greenfield Project
6 33 (4.01%) Clustering
7 29 (3.53%) Computer Science
8 28 (3.41%) Fixed Income
9 24 (2.92%) Management Information System
10 19 (2.31%) Data Centre
11 17 (2.07%) Enterprise Software
12 16 (1.95%) Equity Derivative
13 14 (1.70%) Replication
14 13 (1.58%) Mobile App
15 10 (1.22%) Fintech
15 10 (1.22%) Market Risk
16 9 (1.09%) Data Structures
16 9 (1.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 9 (1.09%) Life Science
16 9 (1.09%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 238 (28.95%) Linux
2 218 (26.52%) Unix
3 65 (7.91%) VMS
4 55 (6.69%) Windows
5 43 (5.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 21 (2.55%) Windows Server
7 18 (2.19%) Solaris
8 15 (1.82%) AIX
9 13 (1.58%) CentOS
10 10 (1.22%) Android
11 9 (1.09%) Apple iOS
12 8 (0.97%) CoreOS
13 6 (0.73%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.36%) HPUX
14 3 (0.36%) Ubuntu
15 2 (0.24%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.24%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 401 (48.78%) Agile Software Development
2 207 (25.18%) Test Automation
3 201 (24.45%) OO
4 152 (18.49%) DevOps
5 151 (18.37%) TDD
6 150 (18.25%) Continuous Integration
7 148 (18.00%) Microservices
8 135 (16.42%) Scrum
9 131 (15.94%) SDLC
10 104 (12.65%) Data Modelling
11 89 (10.83%) Domain-Driven Design
12 86 (10.46%) BDD
13 81 (9.85%) Open Source
14 79 (9.61%) Unit Testing
15 76 (9.25%) OOA/OOD
16 74 (9.00%) Dependency Injection
17 70 (8.52%) Business Intelligence
18 69 (8.39%) CQRS
18 69 (8.39%) ETL
18 69 (8.39%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 475 (57.79%) Java
2 343 (41.73%) SQL
3 177 (21.53%) Python
4 161 (19.59%) JavaScript
5 93 (11.31%) C#
6 79 (9.61%) Shell Script
7 75 (9.12%) Bash Shell
8 71 (8.64%) JPQL
9 67 (8.15%) Perl
10 56 (6.81%) PL/SQL
11 54 (6.57%) Scala
12 35 (4.26%) Ruby
13 33 (4.01%) VBA
14 22 (2.68%) Groovy
15 21 (2.55%) T-SQL
16 20 (2.43%) C++
17 19 (2.31%) C
18 18 (2.19%) VB.NET
18 18 (2.19%) XPath
19 15 (1.82%) PHP
Qualifications
1 120 (14.60%) Security Cleared
2 82 (9.98%) SC Cleared
3 57 (6.93%) Degree
4 16 (1.95%) Numerate Degree
5 15 (1.82%) Master's Degree
6 13 (1.58%) BPSS Clearance
7 11 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (1.34%) CTC Cleared
8 7 (0.85%) RHCE
9 4 (0.49%) CISSP
10 3 (0.36%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 3 (0.36%) RHCSA
11 1 (0.12%) CESG Certified Professional
11 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (2.43%) Data Quality
2 17 (2.07%) QA
3 14 (1.70%) GCP
4 8 (0.97%) SLA
5 4 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.36%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.24%) MiFID
7 2 (0.24%) PMO
8 1 (0.12%) GDPR
8 1 (0.12%) HL7
8 1 (0.12%) PSD2
System Software
1 104 (12.65%) Docker
2 28 (3.41%) Apache Flume
3 26 (3.16%) HDFS
4 13 (1.58%) Virtual Machines
5 12 (1.46%) Active Directory
6 8 (0.97%) etcd
7 6 (0.73%) Oracle RAC
8 4 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
9 2 (0.24%) VMware Server
10 1 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.12%) Firmware
10 1 (0.12%) LXC
10 1 (0.12%) Oracle Clusterware
10 1 (0.12%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 57 (6.93%) Kubernetes
2 49 (5.96%) Puppet
3 48 (5.84%) Opscode Chef
4 46 (5.60%) Ansible
5 21 (2.55%) Kibana
6 19 (2.31%) Oozie
7 18 (2.19%) Data Guard
8 17 (2.07%) Terraform
9 15 (1.82%) Ambari
9 15 (1.82%) Consul
9 15 (1.82%) Mesos
10 14 (1.70%) BladeLogic
10 14 (1.70%) logstash
11 13 (1.58%) ZABBIX
12 11 (1.34%) ITRS Geneos
12 11 (1.34%) Rancher
13 9 (1.09%) Docker Swarm
14 8 (0.97%) Hadoop YARN
14 8 (0.97%) Single Sign-On
14 8 (0.97%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 325 (39.54%) Oracle
2 79 (9.61%) Microsoft
3 48 (5.84%) Sybase
4 33 (4.01%) Red Hat
5 31 (3.77%) Splunk
6 27 (3.28%) IBM
7 25 (3.04%) Atlassian
8 21 (2.55%) Tableau
9 19 (2.31%) TIBCO
10 17 (2.07%) Perforce
11 16 (1.95%) Teradata
12 14 (1.70%) Google
13 13 (1.58%) AppDynamics
13 13 (1.58%) SAP
14 11 (1.34%) Fidessa
15 10 (1.22%) Cloudera
15 10 (1.22%) MuleSoft
15 10 (1.22%) Salesforce.com
15 10 (1.22%) Talend
16 9 (1.09%) Hortonworks