Period
to 30 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 30 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
30 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 158 119 108
Rank change year-on-year -39 -11 -3
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 969 1,885 2,197
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.71% 2.12% 2.34%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.10% 9.41% 10.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 642 1,259 1,531
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £340 £356 £325
90th Percentile £650 £663 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £485 £485
% change year-on-year -2.06% - +7.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 18 13
Median hourly rate £33.75 £23.18 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.60% -48.49% +158.18%
10th Percentile £17.83 £17.10 £35.25
90th Percentile £50.38 £61.25 £73.15
UK median hourly rate £33.75 £24.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +40.63% -46.67% +38.46%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 11,964 20,025 20,812
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.16% 22.51% 22.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,933 13,949 14,552
Median daily rate £488 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £470
% change year-on-year - +1.06% +7.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 210 224 225
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
10th Percentile £14.98 £14.19 £14.54
90th Percentile £58.15 £56.50 £53.65
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 30 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 30 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 30 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 564 £525 -2.33% 131
South East -10 127 £413 -9.34% 74
North of England +2 116 £443 -1.67% 64
East of England +16 68 £438 -2.78% 21
North West +21 58 £443 +10.63% 38
South West -50 48 £444 -6.58% 29
Midlands -36 46 £450 +1.41% 28
Yorkshire -1 43 £488 -2.50% 14
East Midlands -5 28 £450 +6.51% 13
North East +10 20 £405 -14.74% 12
West Midlands -16 18 £440 -2.22% 15
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 30 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 458 (47.27%) SQL
2 397 (40.97%) Agile Software Development
3 350 (36.12%) Java
4 315 (32.51%) RDBMS
5 277 (28.59%) Oracle
6 271 (27.97%) SQL Server
7 222 (22.91%) AWS
8 221 (22.81%) Python
9 219 (22.60%) Finance
10 205 (21.16%) JavaScript
11 201 (20.74%) Azure
12 191 (19.71%) MySQL
13 183 (18.89%) HTML
14 180 (18.58%) Web Services
15 165 (17.03%) Git (software)
16 161 (16.62%) Data Modelling
17 160 (16.51%) CSS
18 156 (16.10%) ETL
19 155 (16.00%) Microservices
20 152 (15.69%) Test Automation
21 151 (15.58%) XML
22 150 (15.48%) Analytics
23 145 (14.96%) Linux
24 143 (14.76%) Problem-Solving
25 139 (14.34%) Software Engineering
25 139 (14.34%) NoSQL
26 137 (14.14%) Spring
27 135 (13.93%) Data Warehouse
28 134 (13.83%) TDD
28 134 (13.83%) Scrum

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (6.40%) Apache Spark
2 49 (5.06%) Confluence
3 32 (3.30%) Apache
4 24 (2.48%) Camunda
5 20 (2.06%) SharePoint
5 20 (2.06%) Tomcat
6 19 (1.96%) Elasticsearch
7 18 (1.86%) nginx
8 15 (1.55%) SAS
9 13 (1.34%) IIS
10 12 (1.24%) Cloud Foundry
11 9 (0.93%) WebLogic
12 8 (0.83%) ArcGIS
13 7 (0.72%) CMS
13 7 (0.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 6 (0.62%) Apache Airflow
15 5 (0.52%) WebSphere
16 4 (0.41%) GlassFish
16 4 (0.41%) Mule
16 4 (0.41%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 59 (6.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (2.48%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.72%) Spreadsheet
4 6 (0.62%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.52%) Zeplin
6 3 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.10%) Camtasia
7 1 (0.10%) GNU Octave
7 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.10%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 27 (2.79%) FINCAD Analytics
2 15 (1.55%) BusinessWorks
3 9 (0.93%) Magento
4 8 (0.83%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (0.72%) NetSuite
5 7 (0.72%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 4 (0.41%) Adobe Campaign
6 4 (0.41%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 3 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.31%) Oracle 11i
7 3 (0.31%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.21%) Hyperion Planning
8 2 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.21%) SAP Bank Analyzer
8 2 (0.21%) SAP BPC
9 1 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
9 1 (0.10%) Endur
9 1 (0.10%) Global One
9 1 (0.10%) Oracle ERP
9 1 (0.10%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 222 (22.91%) AWS
2 201 (20.74%) Azure
3 89 (9.18%) GCP
4 45 (4.64%) Power Platform
5 36 (3.72%) AWS Step Functions
6 33 (3.41%) GitHub
7 30 (3.10%) Serverless
8 24 (2.48%) SaaS
9 22 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
10 20 (2.06%) PaaS
11 19 (1.96%) Amazon S3
12 16 (1.65%) Amazon EC2
12 16 (1.65%) Azure Data Factory
12 16 (1.65%) IaaS
13 15 (1.55%) Amazon EMR
13 15 (1.55%) Cloud Computing
14 10 (1.03%) OpenShift
15 8 (0.83%) AWS CloudFormation
16 7 (0.72%) Amazon SQS
16 7 (0.72%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 70 (7.22%) HTTP
2 11 (1.14%) RTMP
3 10 (1.03%) SSL
3 10 (1.03%) TCP/IP
4 9 (0.93%) FTP
4 9 (0.93%) SSH
5 7 (0.72%) Firewall
6 6 (0.62%) DNS
7 5 (0.52%) DSL
8 4 (0.41%) LAN
8 4 (0.41%) WAN
9 3 (0.31%) Internet
9 3 (0.31%) VPN
10 2 (0.21%) Broadband
10 2 (0.21%) Radio Access Network
10 2 (0.21%) SMTP
11 1 (0.10%) DHCP
11 1 (0.10%) Ethernet
11 1 (0.10%) POP3
11 1 (0.10%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 315 (32.51%) RDBMS
2 271 (27.97%) SQL Server
3 191 (19.71%) MySQL
4 139 (14.34%) NoSQL
5 135 (13.93%) Data Warehouse
6 126 (13.00%) MongoDB
7 119 (12.28%) PostgreSQL
8 93 (9.60%) Big Data
9 84 (8.67%) Redis
10 79 (8.15%) Hadoop
11 73 (7.53%) Apache Cassandra
12 54 (5.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 52 (5.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 49 (5.06%) DB2
15 44 (4.54%) Neo4j
15 44 (4.54%) Oracle Database
16 42 (4.33%) Power BI
17 41 (4.23%) Amazon Aurora
18 35 (3.61%) HBase
19 33 (3.41%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 165 (17.03%) Git (software)
2 114 (11.76%) JIRA
3 96 (9.91%) Jenkins
4 47 (4.85%) Maven
5 43 (4.44%) JUnit
6 31 (3.20%) Cucumber
7 23 (2.37%) Gradle
8 22 (2.27%) Selenium
9 21 (2.17%) GitLab
10 19 (1.96%) Mockito
10 19 (1.96%) Subversion
11 17 (1.75%) Team Foundation Server
12 16 (1.65%) TeamCity
13 12 (1.24%) NUnit
13 12 (1.24%) Visual Studio
14 11 (1.14%) Mocha
14 11 (1.14%) Visual Studio Team System
15 10 (1.03%) webpack
16 9 (0.93%) Bitbucket
16 9 (0.93%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 219 (22.60%) Finance
2 88 (9.08%) Banking
3 54 (5.57%) Front Office
4 52 (5.37%) Public Sector
5 39 (4.02%) Investment Banking
6 21 (2.17%) Telecoms
7 20 (2.06%) Retail
8 17 (1.75%) Marketing
9 16 (1.65%) Games
9 16 (1.65%) Pharmaceutical
10 12 (1.24%) Back Office
11 10 (1.03%) Publishing
12 6 (0.62%) Legal
12 6 (0.62%) Local Government
13 5 (0.52%) Advertising
13 5 (0.52%) Law
13 5 (0.52%) Manufacturing
14 4 (0.41%) Automotive
14 4 (0.41%) Electronics
15 3 (0.31%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 546 (56.35%) Developer
2 164 (16.92%) Java Developer
3 110 (11.35%) Analyst
4 94 (9.70%) Senior Developer
5 66 (6.81%) Architect
6 64 (6.60%) Data Engineer
7 62 (6.40%) Data Analyst
8 57 (5.88%) Python Developer
9 50 (5.16%) AWS Developer
10 48 (4.95%) Software Engineer
11 46 (4.75%) AWS Engineer
12 43 (4.44%) Java Engineer
13 35 (3.61%) .NET Developer
13 35 (3.61%) C# Developer
13 35 (3.61%) SQL Developer
14 33 (3.41%) Full Stack Developer
15 32 (3.30%) DBA
16 30 (3.10%) Java Software Engineer
17 28 (2.89%) JavaScript Developer
17 28 (2.89%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 183 (18.89%) HTML
2 180 (18.58%) Web Services
3 160 (16.51%) CSS
4 151 (15.58%) XML
5 137 (14.14%) Spring
6 113 (11.66%) RESTful
7 112 (11.56%) .NET
8 111 (11.46%) REST
9 102 (10.53%) HTML5
10 96 (9.91%) AngularJS
11 91 (9.39%) React
12 80 (8.26%) JSON
13 75 (7.74%) Kafka
14 66 (6.81%) Spring Boot
15 60 (6.19%) Node.js
16 50 (5.16%) jQuery
17 47 (4.85%) SOAP
18 46 (4.75%) CSS3
19 43 (4.44%) Django
20 42 (4.33%) JDBC
Miscellaneous
1 118 (12.18%) Analytical Skills
2 50 (5.16%) Data Structures
3 45 (4.64%) Fixed Income
4 43 (4.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 35 (3.61%) Derivative
6 31 (3.20%) Algorithms
6 31 (3.20%) Hedge funds
7 29 (2.99%) Enterprise Software
8 27 (2.79%) Equity Derivative
8 27 (2.79%) Mobile App
8 27 (2.79%) Reference Data
9 24 (2.48%) Management Information System
9 24 (2.48%) Semantic Web
10 23 (2.37%) User Experience
11 22 (2.27%) Market Risk
12 18 (1.86%) Greenfield Project
13 16 (1.65%) Self-Motivation
14 15 (1.55%) Cloud Native
14 15 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
15 14 (1.44%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 145 (14.96%) Linux
2 101 (10.42%) Unix
3 61 (6.30%) Windows
4 17 (1.75%) Solaris
4 17 (1.75%) Windows Server
5 9 (0.93%) Mac OS X
6 6 (0.62%) AIX
6 6 (0.62%) Android
6 6 (0.62%) Mac OS
7 5 (0.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.41%) Apple iOS
9 3 (0.31%) HPUX
10 2 (0.21%) VME
10 2 (0.21%) VMS
11 1 (0.10%) CentOS
11 1 (0.10%) Debian
11 1 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 397 (40.97%) Agile Software Development
2 161 (16.62%) Data Modelling
3 156 (16.10%) ETL
4 155 (16.00%) Microservices
5 152 (15.69%) Test Automation
6 150 (15.48%) Analytics
7 143 (14.76%) Problem-Solving
8 139 (14.34%) Software Engineering
9 134 (13.83%) Scrum
9 134 (13.83%) TDD
10 130 (13.42%) Business Intelligence
10 130 (13.42%) DevOps
11 128 (13.21%) Continuous Integration
12 126 (13.00%) Migration
13 106 (10.94%) OO
14 92 (9.49%) SDLC
15 73 (7.53%) MVC
16 71 (7.33%) Data Analysis
17 65 (6.71%) Data Migration
18 62 (6.40%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 458 (47.27%) SQL
2 350 (36.12%) Java
3 221 (22.81%) Python
4 205 (21.16%) JavaScript
5 116 (11.97%) C#
6 84 (8.67%) Scala
7 75 (7.74%) Java 8
8 43 (4.44%) PHP
9 41 (4.23%) T-SQL
10 39 (4.02%) Ruby
11 33 (3.41%) R
12 31 (3.20%) C++
12 31 (3.20%) TypeScript
13 29 (2.99%) Kotlin
14 28 (2.89%) PowerShell
15 26 (2.68%) Shell Script
16 23 (2.37%) PL/SQL
17 20 (2.06%) VBA
18 19 (1.96%) Bash Shell
19 17 (1.75%) XPath
Qualifications
1 82 (8.46%) Security Cleared
2 70 (7.22%) Degree
3 68 (7.02%) SC Cleared
4 25 (2.58%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.24%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (0.62%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.52%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.52%) SAS Certification
8 4 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.31%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.31%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
10 2 (0.21%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.21%) HNC
10 2 (0.21%) ISEB
10 2 (0.21%) OCP
10 2 (0.21%) Oracle Certification
10 2 (0.21%) PhD
11 1 (0.10%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (6.71%) QA
2 56 (5.78%) Data Quality
3 21 (2.17%) GDPR
4 16 (1.65%) IFRS
5 15 (1.55%) Solvency II
6 12 (1.24%) SLA
7 4 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 3 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.31%) MiFID
9 2 (0.21%) COBIT
9 2 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.10%) HL7
10 1 (0.10%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 106 (10.94%) Docker
2 21 (2.17%) Apache Flume
3 18 (1.86%) Active Directory
4 8 (0.83%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.62%) Oracle RAC
6 5 (0.52%) HDFS
7 4 (0.41%) Oracle Clusterware
8 3 (0.31%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 3 (0.31%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.10%) Snort
9 1 (0.10%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 1 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.10%) vSphere
9 1 (0.10%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 96 (9.91%) Kubernetes
2 50 (5.16%) Terraform
3 22 (2.27%) Ansible
4 16 (1.65%) Opscode Chef
4 16 (1.65%) Puppet
5 14 (1.44%) Single Sign-On
6 8 (0.83%) Data Guard
6 8 (0.83%) Kibana
7 7 (0.72%) Istio
7 7 (0.72%) linkerd
8 6 (0.62%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 5 (0.52%) MIIS
9 5 (0.52%) Oracle RMAN
10 4 (0.41%) Grafana
11 3 (0.31%) Graphite
11 3 (0.31%) HP ALM
11 3 (0.31%) Prometheus
12 2 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
12 2 (0.21%) Tivoli
12 2 (0.21%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 277 (28.59%) Oracle
2 106 (10.94%) Microsoft
3 76 (7.84%) Google
4 50 (5.16%) Sybase
5 32 (3.30%) SAP
6 28 (2.89%) Tableau
7 27 (2.79%) Informatica
8 25 (2.58%) IBM
8 25 (2.58%) Talend
9 21 (2.17%) Salesforce.com
10 20 (2.06%) Atlassian
11 17 (1.75%) MicroStrategy
11 17 (1.75%) TIBCO
12 15 (1.55%) Cloudera
12 15 (1.55%) Teradata
13 14 (1.44%) Databricks
13 14 (1.44%) Zend
14 13 (1.34%) MuleSoft
15 11 (1.14%) ServiceNow
15 11 (1.14%) Splunk