Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 161 149 145
Rank change year-on-year -12 -4 +6
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,240 956 685
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.71% 1.81% 1.86%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.86% 8.49% 8.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 892 631 482
10th Percentile £406 £364 £350
25th Percentile £498 £446 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £700 £650 £588
90th Percentile £811 £738 £675
UK median daily rate £575 £530 £500
% change year-on-year +8.49% +6.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 29 12
10th Percentile £18.70 £23.70 £16.34
25th Percentile £23.70 £42.87 £19.83
Median hourly rate £47.50 £56.75 £20.79
Median % change year-on-year -16.30% +173.03% -54.85%
75th Percentile £55.25 £65.54 £23.18
90th Percentile £65.37 £72.76 £55.02
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £55.00 £20.79
% change year-on-year -9.09% +164.61% -53.36%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 13,993 11,259 8,369
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 19.29% 21.35% 22.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,147 7,834 5,923
10th Percentile £375 £325 £330
25th Percentile £450 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £506 £500
Median % change year-on-year +8.67% +1.23% +4.17%
75th Percentile £675 £613 £600
90th Percentile £763 £700 £688
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 167 172 115
10th Percentile £14.25 £11.54 £14.25
25th Percentile £21.25 £19.00 £18.85
Median hourly rate £37.80 £24.80 £25.50
Median % change year-on-year +52.42% -2.75% -17.74%
75th Percentile £63.30 £45.25 £46.00
90th Percentile £75.00 £64.43 £63.43
UK median hourly rate £37.80 £26.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year +42.64% +6.00% -16.67%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -12 809 £635 +10.43% 141
North of England +6 103 £550 +27.31% 48
South East -50 100 £473 -10.00% 32
Midlands +10 85 £500 +12.99% 29
North West +6 69 £550 +29.41% 26
West Midlands -20 51 £500 +9.29% 17
East Midlands +16 35 £500 +42.86% 11
Yorkshire -3 33 £573 +21.81% 16
East of England -7 32 £475 +27.86% 13
South West -20 28 £475 +8.57% 26
North East -6 7 £645 +21.70% 6
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 603 (48.63%) SQL
2 487 (39.27%) Agile
3 415 (33.47%) Java
4 398 (32.10%) Oracle
5 366 (29.52%) Finance
6 352 (28.39%) RDBMS
7 351 (28.31%) Social Skills
8 345 (27.82%) AWS
9 293 (23.63%) DevOps
10 279 (22.50%) Python
11 276 (22.26%) SQL Server
12 255 (20.56%) JavaScript
13 228 (18.39%) MySQL
13 228 (18.39%) Azure
14 225 (18.15%) Banking
15 224 (18.06%) Microservices
16 204 (16.45%) Microsoft
17 203 (16.37%) CI/CD
18 202 (16.29%) Git (software)
19 201 (16.21%) Spring
20 200 (16.13%) TDD
20 200 (16.13%) C#
20 200 (16.13%) Linux
20 200 (16.13%) NoSQL
21 194 (15.65%) Problem-Solving
22 181 (14.60%) PostgreSQL
23 178 (14.35%) REST
23 178 (14.35%) Continuous Integration
24 164 (13.23%) Jenkins
25 163 (13.15%) Scrum

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (4.68%) Apache Spark
2 35 (2.82%) Red Hat Fuse
3 34 (2.74%) Mule
4 32 (2.58%) Confluence
5 28 (2.26%) Apache
6 27 (2.18%) JBoss
7 23 (1.85%) Oracle Coherence
8 20 (1.61%) Tomcat
8 20 (1.61%) WebLogic
9 16 (1.29%) SharePoint
10 12 (0.97%) nginx
11 11 (0.89%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 11 (0.89%) WebSphere
12 7 (0.56%) BizTalk Server
12 7 (0.56%) Jetty
12 7 (0.56%) Jupyter
12 7 (0.56%) Oracle Workflow
12 7 (0.56%) SAS
13 6 (0.48%) WebSphere Application Server
14 4 (0.32%) OpenStack
Applications
1 39 (3.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (1.94%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (1.21%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.89%) Spreadsheet
5 8 (0.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.40%) Simulink
7 3 (0.24%) CATIA
7 3 (0.24%) SPSS
8 2 (0.16%) InfoPath
8 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.081%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.081%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.081%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 15 (1.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 11 (0.89%) Oracle Financials
3 9 (0.73%) Oracle Applications
3 9 (0.73%) Oracle Utilities
4 8 (0.65%) Oracle EBS
5 6 (0.48%) Magento
5 6 (0.48%) Payment Gateway
5 6 (0.48%) SunGard Martini
6 5 (0.40%) MoSes
7 3 (0.24%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 3 (0.24%) Maximo
7 3 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
7 3 (0.24%) Oracle Cash Management
7 3 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
7 3 (0.24%) Oracle FAH
7 3 (0.24%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 3 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.24%) SAP FI
7 3 (0.24%) SAP IS-U
7 3 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 345 (27.82%) AWS
2 228 (18.39%) Azure
3 92 (7.42%) GCP
4 89 (7.18%) Serverless
5 79 (6.37%) GitHub
6 66 (5.32%) Power Platform
7 59 (4.76%) AWS Lambda
8 52 (4.19%) Amazon S3
9 47 (3.79%) Azure DevOps
10 40 (3.23%) SaaS
11 39 (3.15%) Amazon EC2
12 37 (2.98%) Snowflake
13 29 (2.34%) PaaS
14 26 (2.10%) Amazon SQS
14 26 (2.10%) Azure Data Factory
14 26 (2.10%) GitHub Actions
15 24 (1.94%) AWS Direct Connect
16 23 (1.85%) Azure AKS
16 23 (1.85%) IaaS
17 22 (1.77%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 36 (2.90%) TCP/IP
2 27 (2.18%) VPN
3 24 (1.94%) RTMP
4 23 (1.85%) Network Security
5 21 (1.69%) Internet
6 20 (1.61%) HTTP
7 18 (1.45%) DSL
7 18 (1.45%) SMTP
8 16 (1.29%) POP3
9 14 (1.13%) DNS
10 11 (0.89%) Firewall
10 11 (0.89%) SSL
11 8 (0.65%) LAN
11 8 (0.65%) Multicast
12 6 (0.48%) Radio Access Network
13 5 (0.40%) 4G
13 5 (0.40%) 5G
13 5 (0.40%) WAN
14 4 (0.32%) 3GPP
14 4 (0.32%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 352 (28.39%) RDBMS
2 276 (22.26%) SQL Server
3 228 (18.39%) MySQL
4 200 (16.13%) NoSQL
5 181 (14.60%) PostgreSQL
6 141 (11.37%) Data Warehouse
7 131 (10.56%) Oracle Database
8 94 (7.58%) Oracle Database 12c
9 90 (7.26%) MongoDB
10 83 (6.69%) Big Data
11 79 (6.37%) Data Lake
12 62 (5.00%) Power BI
13 59 (4.76%) Oracle Database 11g
14 55 (4.44%) DB2
15 51 (4.11%) Redis
16 49 (3.95%) Elasticsearch
17 44 (3.55%) DynamoDB
17 44 (3.55%) Metadata
18 40 (3.23%) Amazon RDS
18 40 (3.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 202 (16.29%) Git (software)
2 164 (13.23%) Jenkins
3 118 (9.52%) JIRA
4 66 (5.32%) JUnit
5 65 (5.24%) Visual Studio
6 61 (4.92%) GitLab
7 60 (4.84%) Bitbucket
8 59 (4.76%) TeamCity
9 46 (3.71%) Gradle
10 44 (3.55%) Subversion
11 41 (3.31%) Maven
12 33 (2.66%) Cypress.io
13 31 (2.50%) SonarQube
14 26 (2.10%) ERwin
15 25 (2.02%) IntelliJ
16 24 (1.94%) Mockito
17 22 (1.77%) Selenium
18 21 (1.69%) Artifactory
18 21 (1.69%) jMock
19 19 (1.53%) Oracle APEX
General
1 366 (29.52%) Finance
2 351 (28.31%) Social Skills
3 225 (18.15%) Banking
4 152 (12.26%) Investment Banking
5 138 (11.13%) Analytical Skills
6 117 (9.44%) Front Office
7 87 (7.02%) Public Sector
8 29 (2.34%) Back Office
8 29 (2.34%) Legal
9 26 (2.10%) Presentation Skills
10 25 (2.02%) Telecoms
11 24 (1.94%) Retail
12 20 (1.61%) Financial Institution
13 18 (1.45%) Organisational Skills
14 16 (1.29%) Marketing
15 15 (1.21%) Military
16 13 (1.05%) Law
17 12 (0.97%) Automotive
17 12 (0.97%) Influencing Skills
18 10 (0.81%) Police
Job Titles
1 565 (45.56%) Developer
2 198 (15.97%) Java Developer
3 115 (9.27%) Analyst
4 111 (8.95%) Architect
5 87 (7.02%) Senior Developer
6 78 (6.29%) Data Engineer
7 60 (4.84%) DBA
8 55 (4.44%) Full Stack Developer
9 53 (4.27%) C# Developer
10 51 (4.11%) React Developer
11 46 (3.71%) Business Analyst
12 43 (3.47%) Senior Java Developer
12 43 (3.47%) Software Engineer
13 41 (3.31%) Data Analyst
14 40 (3.23%) AWS Engineer
15 38 (3.06%) Integration Developer
16 35 (2.82%) Data Architect
17 34 (2.74%) C++ Developer
17 34 (2.74%) DevOps Engineer
18 33 (2.66%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 201 (16.21%) Spring
2 178 (14.35%) REST
3 159 (12.82%) HTML
4 155 (12.50%) CSS
5 144 (11.61%) React
6 138 (11.13%) .NET
7 137 (11.05%) JSON
8 133 (10.73%) XML
9 125 (10.08%) Kafka
10 119 (9.60%) Web Services
11 101 (8.15%) AngularJS
11 101 (8.15%) J2EE
12 95 (7.66%) Spring Boot
13 83 (6.69%) Node.js
14 77 (6.21%) RESTful
15 64 (5.16%) Middleware
15 64 (5.16%) Redux
16 62 (5.00%) Apache Camel
17 61 (4.92%) Hibernate
18 59 (4.76%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 70 (5.65%) Public Cloud
2 66 (5.32%) User Experience
3 56 (4.52%) Data Structures
4 38 (3.06%) Enterprise Software
5 36 (2.90%) Management Information System
6 35 (2.82%) Cloud Native
7 33 (2.66%) Clustering
7 33 (2.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 33 (2.66%) Self-Motivation
8 32 (2.58%) Greenfield Project
9 28 (2.26%) Algorithms
10 24 (1.94%) Fixed Income
11 23 (1.85%) Reference Data
11 23 (1.85%) Virtual Team
12 21 (1.69%) Data Centre
12 21 (1.69%) Hedge funds
13 18 (1.45%) CMDB
14 16 (1.29%) Replication
15 15 (1.21%) NHS
16 14 (1.13%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 200 (16.13%) Linux
2 156 (12.58%) Unix
3 116 (9.35%) Windows
4 21 (1.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 11 (0.89%) Windows Server
6 7 (0.56%) Mac OS X
7 5 (0.40%) Windows Server 2016
8 4 (0.32%) Solaris
9 3 (0.24%) AIX
9 3 (0.24%) CentOS
9 3 (0.24%) MVS
9 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.16%) Android
10 2 (0.16%) Apple iOS
10 2 (0.16%) HPUX
10 2 (0.16%) zOS
11 1 (0.081%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.081%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.081%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 487 (39.27%) Agile
2 293 (23.63%) DevOps
3 224 (18.06%) Microservices
4 203 (16.37%) CI/CD
5 200 (16.13%) TDD
6 194 (15.65%) Problem-Solving
7 178 (14.35%) Continuous Integration
8 163 (13.15%) Scrum
9 159 (12.82%) Test Automation
10 153 (12.34%) Analytics
11 143 (11.53%) ETL
12 137 (11.05%) Software Engineering
13 134 (10.81%) Data Modelling
13 134 (10.81%) SDLC
14 129 (10.40%) Business Intelligence
15 123 (9.92%) OO
16 122 (9.84%) Full Stack Development
17 116 (9.35%) Migration
18 95 (7.66%) BDD
19 93 (7.50%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 603 (48.63%) SQL
2 415 (33.47%) Java
3 279 (22.50%) Python
4 255 (20.56%) JavaScript
5 200 (16.13%) C#
6 110 (8.87%) TypeScript
7 99 (7.98%) PL/SQL
8 89 (7.18%) C++
9 68 (5.48%) PowerShell
10 50 (4.03%) Shell Script
11 46 (3.71%) T-SQL
12 42 (3.39%) Perl
13 35 (2.82%) R
14 34 (2.74%) Scala
15 32 (2.58%) Go
16 30 (2.42%) C
17 29 (2.34%) Groovy
18 28 (2.26%) PHP
19 26 (2.10%) XAML
20 25 (2.02%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 120 (9.68%) Security Cleared
2 104 (8.39%) SC Cleared
3 83 (6.69%) Degree
4 31 (2.50%) Computer Science Degree
5 22 (1.77%) Numerate Degree
6 15 (1.21%) AWS Certification
6 15 (1.21%) DV Cleared
7 11 (0.89%) BPSS Clearance
7 11 (0.89%) Oracle Certification
8 9 (0.73%) CTC Cleared
9 7 (0.56%) OCA
9 7 (0.56%) OCP
10 5 (0.40%) ISTQB
10 5 (0.40%) PhD
11 4 (0.32%) Master's Degree
11 4 (0.32%) PMP
12 3 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 3 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.24%) Tableau Certification
13 2 (0.16%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (5.48%) QA
2 35 (2.82%) Data Quality
2 35 (2.82%) GDPR
3 23 (1.85%) Accessibility
4 11 (0.89%) SLA
5 8 (0.65%) WCAG
6 4 (0.32%) CRD IV
7 3 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.16%) Actionable Recommendations
8 2 (0.16%) Basel III
8 2 (0.16%) COREP
8 2 (0.16%) DICOM
8 2 (0.16%) EMIR
8 2 (0.16%) FINREP
8 2 (0.16%) HL7
8 2 (0.16%) IFRS
8 2 (0.16%) IFRS 9
8 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 2 (0.16%) MiFID
8 2 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 130 (10.48%) Docker
2 23 (1.85%) Oracle RAC
3 22 (1.77%) Active Directory
4 12 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.97%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (0.73%) HDFS
6 2 (0.16%) Citrix Hypervisor
6 2 (0.16%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 2 (0.16%) Oracle Clusterware
6 2 (0.16%) Postfix
6 2 (0.16%) Time Sharing Option
6 2 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
6 2 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.081%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 129 (10.40%) Kubernetes
2 88 (7.10%) Ansible
3 77 (6.21%) Terraform
4 28 (2.26%) Data Guard
4 28 (2.26%) ITRS Geneos
5 25 (2.02%) Puppet
6 23 (1.85%) Prometheus
7 21 (1.69%) Istio
7 21 (1.69%) Kibana
7 21 (1.69%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 16 (1.29%) Grafana
9 14 (1.13%) Opscode Chef
10 13 (1.05%) Oracle RMAN
10 13 (1.05%) Single Sign-On
11 12 (0.97%) BladeLogic
12 7 (0.56%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
13 6 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
13 6 (0.48%) Packer
14 5 (0.40%) Oozie
14 5 (0.40%) Oracle Flashback
Vendors
1 398 (32.10%) Oracle
2 204 (16.45%) Microsoft
3 67 (5.40%) IBM
4 54 (4.35%) Google
5 41 (3.31%) Sybase
6 29 (2.34%) Databricks
7 26 (2.10%) ServiceNow
8 25 (2.02%) SAP
9 18 (1.45%) Teradata
9 18 (1.45%) VMware
10 16 (1.29%) Informatica
11 15 (1.21%) Sparx
11 15 (1.21%) Splunk
12 13 (1.05%) Salesforce.com
12 13 (1.05%) TIBCO
13 11 (0.89%) New Relic
14 10 (0.81%) Cloudera
14 10 (0.81%) Red Hat
15 9 (0.73%) Cognos
15 9 (0.73%) ESRI