Period
to 22 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 22 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
22 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 150 112 115
Rank change year-on-year -38 +3 +13
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,343 2,220 2,084
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.79% 2.34% 2.20%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.33% 10.37% 9.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 847 1,423 1,412
England median daily rate £500 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.56% +8.33%
10th Percentile £330 £340 £315
90th Percentile £650 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +6.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 21 21
England median hourly rate £35.03 £40.00 £31.15
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.42% +28.41% -23.56%
10th Percentile £16.00 £17.25 £11.17
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £45.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year -6.67% +25.00% -29.41%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 16,119 21,417 20,945
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.50% 22.56% 22.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,993 15,084 14,512
England median daily rate £475 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.26% +8.24%
10th Percentile £325 £319 £313
90th Percentile £664 £640 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 229 225 265
England median hourly rate £32.50 £33.50 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.99% +4.69% +14.29%
10th Percentile £13.94 £14.15 £14.72
90th Percentile £72.75 £57.43 £56.29
UK median hourly rate £32.58 £32.50 £31.23
% change year-on-year +0.25% +4.07% +11.54%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 22 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -36 763 £550 - 188
South East +18 239 £425 -5.56% 109
North of England -14 122 £425 +6.25% 98
Midlands -38 82 £425 -5.56% 62
North West -8 74 £400 +2.56% 55
South West -30 72 £425 - 42
East of England +5 66 £450 -5.26% 42
West Midlands +5 51 £450 +2.27% 37
Yorkshire +9 43 £481 +13.24% 32
East Midlands -36 30 £425 -12.82% 25
North East +7 5 £488 +8.33% 11
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 22 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 638 (47.51%) SQL
2 556 (41.40%) Agile Software Development
3 440 (32.76%) RDBMS
4 432 (32.17%) Java
5 364 (27.10%) SQL Server
6 335 (24.94%) Oracle
7 302 (22.49%) Python
7 302 (22.49%) Azure
8 295 (21.97%) AWS
9 281 (20.92%) JavaScript
10 278 (20.70%) MySQL
11 269 (20.03%) Finance
12 257 (19.14%) HTML
13 253 (18.84%) Microservices
14 249 (18.54%) DevOps
15 232 (17.27%) PostgreSQL
16 226 (16.83%) Linux
17 223 (16.60%) TDD
18 222 (16.53%) CSS
19 220 (16.38%) Git (software)
20 213 (15.86%) Test Automation
21 208 (15.49%) C#
22 207 (15.41%) ETL
23 206 (15.34%) Analytics
24 201 (14.97%) Continuous Integration
25 198 (14.74%) Web Services
26 186 (13.85%) Microsoft
27 183 (13.63%) Business Intelligence
28 180 (13.40%) Problem-Solving
29 175 (13.03%) Scrum

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (6.78%) Apache Spark
2 68 (5.06%) Apache
3 58 (4.32%) Elasticsearch
4 53 (3.95%) Confluence
5 34 (2.53%) SharePoint
6 28 (2.08%) SAS
6 28 (2.08%) Tomcat
7 21 (1.56%) nginx
8 17 (1.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 15 (1.12%) Apache Airflow
10 14 (1.04%) JBoss
11 11 (0.82%) Jupyter
12 10 (0.74%) CMS
12 10 (0.74%) IIS
13 6 (0.45%) WebLogic
13 6 (0.45%) WebSphere
14 5 (0.37%) NetWeaver
14 5 (0.37%) WordPress
15 4 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 4 (0.30%) Mule
Applications
1 73 (5.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (2.46%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (1.34%) MS Visio
4 10 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.52%) XMetaL
6 5 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.22%) GNU Octave
8 1 (0.074%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.074%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.074%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.074%) Windchill
8 1 (0.074%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 22 (1.64%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 20 (1.49%) FINCAD Analytics
3 12 (0.89%) Magento
4 10 (0.74%) Dynamics AX
5 9 (0.67%) Sonata
6 8 (0.60%) Adobe Campaign
6 8 (0.60%) PolarLake
7 7 (0.52%) Markit EDM
8 6 (0.45%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 5 (0.37%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 5 (0.37%) NetSuite
10 4 (0.30%) SAP BPC
11 3 (0.22%) R3 Corda
12 2 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
12 2 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
12 2 (0.15%) SAP Bank Analyzer
13 1 (0.074%) Cognos TM1
13 1 (0.074%) Global One
13 1 (0.074%) RMDS
13 1 (0.074%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 302 (22.49%) Azure
2 295 (21.97%) AWS
3 114 (8.49%) GCP
4 113 (8.41%) Power Platform
5 69 (5.14%) GitHub
6 45 (3.35%) Amazon S3
7 44 (3.28%) Serverless
8 35 (2.61%) SaaS
9 31 (2.31%) Amazon SQS
10 28 (2.08%) Cloud Computing
11 27 (2.01%) AWS Step Functions
11 27 (2.01%) PaaS
12 26 (1.94%) AWS Lambda
13 24 (1.79%) Amazon EC2
13 24 (1.79%) Azure Data Factory
14 23 (1.71%) Amazon EMR
15 18 (1.34%) OpenShift
16 16 (1.19%) Azure Functions
17 13 (0.97%) Office 365
18 12 (0.89%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 73 (5.44%) HTTP
2 29 (2.16%) TCP/IP
3 27 (2.01%) Firewall
4 22 (1.64%) WAN
5 18 (1.34%) SSL
6 17 (1.27%) Internet
6 17 (1.27%) Network Security
7 15 (1.12%) DNS
8 13 (0.97%) FTP
8 13 (0.97%) Intrusion Detection
9 11 (0.82%) SSH
10 9 (0.67%) DHCP
11 8 (0.60%) IPsec
11 8 (0.60%) SAN
12 7 (0.52%) POP3
12 7 (0.52%) SMTP
12 7 (0.52%) VPN
13 6 (0.45%) Broadband
14 5 (0.37%) DSL
14 5 (0.37%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 440 (32.76%) RDBMS
2 364 (27.10%) SQL Server
3 278 (20.70%) MySQL
4 232 (17.27%) PostgreSQL
5 167 (12.43%) NoSQL
6 164 (12.21%) Data Warehouse
7 126 (9.38%) MongoDB
8 120 (8.94%) Big Data
9 110 (8.19%) Power BI
10 104 (7.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 103 (7.67%) Hadoop
12 74 (5.51%) Apache Cassandra
13 73 (5.44%) Redis
14 63 (4.69%) Oracle Database
15 57 (4.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 55 (4.10%) DB2
17 51 (3.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 48 (3.57%) Azure SQL Database
19 46 (3.43%) Amazon Aurora
19 46 (3.43%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 220 (16.38%) Git (software)
2 142 (10.57%) JIRA
3 137 (10.20%) Jenkins
4 67 (4.99%) Selenium
5 58 (4.32%) Cucumber
6 44 (3.28%) TeamCity
7 40 (2.98%) JUnit
8 35 (2.61%) Maven
8 35 (2.61%) Visual Studio
9 34 (2.53%) Subversion
10 30 (2.23%) Mockito
11 27 (2.01%) Visual Studio Team System
12 25 (1.86%) Mocha
13 23 (1.71%) SonarQube
14 19 (1.41%) Grunt
14 19 (1.41%) NUnit
15 17 (1.27%) Team Foundation Server
15 17 (1.27%) webpack
16 14 (1.04%) Karma Test Runner
17 13 (0.97%) GitLab
General
1 269 (20.03%) Finance
2 117 (8.71%) Banking
3 69 (5.14%) Front Office
4 61 (4.54%) Public Sector
5 52 (3.87%) Retail
6 43 (3.20%) Investment Banking
7 41 (3.05%) Marketing
8 34 (2.53%) Telecoms
9 27 (2.01%) Games
10 24 (1.79%) Legal
11 14 (1.04%) Publishing
12 13 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
13 12 (0.89%) Manufacturing
14 11 (0.82%) Advertising
15 8 (0.60%) Electronics
15 8 (0.60%) Financial Institution
16 5 (0.37%) Local Government
17 4 (0.30%) Automotive
17 4 (0.30%) Back Office
17 4 (0.30%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 698 (51.97%) Developer
2 152 (11.32%) Java Developer
3 127 (9.46%) Architect
4 121 (9.01%) Analyst
5 104 (7.74%) Senior Developer
6 83 (6.18%) Data Engineer
7 70 (5.21%) Python Developer
8 67 (4.99%) .NET Developer
9 66 (4.91%) C# Developer
10 62 (4.62%) Software Engineer
11 56 (4.17%) AWS Developer
12 51 (3.80%) Data Analyst
12 51 (3.80%) Full Stack Developer
13 45 (3.35%) Java Engineer
14 43 (3.20%) AWS Engineer
15 41 (3.05%) SQL Developer
16 40 (2.98%) Angular Developer
16 40 (2.98%) Consultant
17 39 (2.90%) DevOps Engineer
18 38 (2.83%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 257 (19.14%) HTML
2 222 (16.53%) CSS
3 198 (14.74%) Web Services
4 165 (12.29%) .NET
5 157 (11.69%) XML
6 150 (11.17%) REST
7 147 (10.95%) RESTful
8 145 (10.80%) JSON
9 134 (9.98%) AngularJS
10 132 (9.83%) Spring
11 106 (7.89%) React
12 105 (7.82%) HTML5
13 94 (7.00%) Kafka
13 94 (7.00%) Node.js
14 73 (5.44%) J2EE
15 60 (4.47%) .NET Framework
16 57 (4.24%) jQuery
17 53 (3.95%) .NET Core
18 48 (3.57%) Redux
19 47 (3.50%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 142 (10.57%) Analytical Skills
2 59 (4.39%) Greenfield Project
3 55 (4.10%) Data Structures
4 46 (3.43%) Fixed Income
5 37 (2.76%) Derivative
6 36 (2.68%) Self-Motivation
6 36 (2.68%) User Experience
7 35 (2.61%) Algorithms
7 35 (2.61%) Mobile App
8 34 (2.53%) Enterprise Software
9 33 (2.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 25 (1.86%) Management Information System
11 24 (1.79%) Clustering
12 22 (1.64%) Equity Derivative
12 22 (1.64%) Hedge funds
12 22 (1.64%) Pricing Data
13 20 (1.49%) Client/Server
14 19 (1.41%) Data Centre
15 18 (1.34%) Linux Command Line
16 16 (1.19%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 226 (16.83%) Linux
2 124 (9.23%) Unix
3 86 (6.40%) Windows
4 31 (2.31%) Windows Server
5 23 (1.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 17 (1.27%) Mac OS X
7 16 (1.19%) Solaris
8 10 (0.74%) VMS
9 9 (0.67%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (0.60%) CentOS
11 5 (0.37%) Windows 7
11 5 (0.37%) Windows 8
11 5 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
12 4 (0.30%) AIX
12 4 (0.30%) Android
12 4 (0.30%) Apple iOS
13 3 (0.22%) zOS
14 2 (0.15%) Ubuntu
15 1 (0.074%) Debian
15 1 (0.074%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 556 (41.40%) Agile Software Development
2 253 (18.84%) Microservices
3 249 (18.54%) DevOps
4 223 (16.60%) TDD
5 213 (15.86%) Test Automation
6 207 (15.41%) ETL
7 206 (15.34%) Analytics
8 201 (14.97%) Continuous Integration
9 183 (13.63%) Business Intelligence
10 180 (13.40%) Problem-Solving
11 175 (13.03%) Scrum
12 170 (12.66%) Software Engineering
13 168 (12.51%) Data Modelling
14 145 (10.80%) Migration
15 133 (9.90%) OO
16 119 (8.86%) MVC
17 96 (7.15%) Data Management
18 95 (7.07%) SDLC
19 88 (6.55%) Visualisation
20 86 (6.40%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 638 (47.51%) SQL
2 432 (32.17%) Java
3 302 (22.49%) Python
4 281 (20.92%) JavaScript
5 208 (15.49%) C#
6 93 (6.92%) Scala
7 67 (4.99%) PHP
7 67 (4.99%) T-SQL
8 65 (4.84%) Ruby
9 55 (4.10%) PowerShell
10 48 (3.57%) TypeScript
11 41 (3.05%) Java 8
12 40 (2.98%) Shell Script
13 37 (2.76%) C++
14 33 (2.46%) PL/SQL
15 28 (2.08%) R
16 24 (1.79%) C
17 23 (1.71%) Kotlin
18 22 (1.64%) Bash Shell
19 19 (1.41%) Perl
Qualifications
1 102 (7.59%) Security Cleared
2 80 (5.96%) SC Cleared
3 76 (5.66%) Degree
4 30 (2.23%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (1.34%) Microsoft Certification
6 11 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
6 11 (0.82%) Master's Degree
7 7 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
8 6 (0.45%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.45%) HNC
9 5 (0.37%) CCIE
9 5 (0.37%) CCNP
9 5 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
9 5 (0.37%) Oracle Certification
9 5 (0.37%) SAS Certification
10 4 (0.30%) AWS Certification
10 4 (0.30%) MCSE
10 4 (0.30%) OCP
11 3 (0.22%) MCSA
11 3 (0.22%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (3.35%) QA
2 35 (2.61%) Data Quality
3 14 (1.04%) GDPR
4 12 (0.89%) SLA
5 11 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.45%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.45%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 5 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.30%) COBIT
9 3 (0.22%) EMIR
9 3 (0.22%) IFRS
9 3 (0.22%) MiFID
9 3 (0.22%) Solvency II
10 2 (0.15%) PMO
11 1 (0.074%) Def Stans
11 1 (0.074%) Dodd-Frank
11 1 (0.074%) HL7
11 1 (0.074%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.074%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 161 (11.99%) Docker
2 41 (3.05%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.89%) HDFS
4 10 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.67%) Apache Flume
6 7 (0.52%) Virtual Desktop
6 7 (0.52%) Virtual Servers
7 4 (0.30%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 3 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
8 3 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
8 3 (0.22%) vSphere
9 2 (0.15%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 1 (0.074%) Terminal Server
10 1 (0.074%) Xen
10 1 (0.074%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 134 (9.98%) Kubernetes
2 70 (5.21%) Terraform
3 57 (4.24%) Ansible
4 45 (3.35%) Puppet
5 34 (2.53%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (1.86%) Single Sign-On
7 17 (1.27%) Kibana
8 16 (1.19%) Packer
9 14 (1.04%) Consul
10 11 (0.82%) Oozie
11 9 (0.67%) Grafana
12 8 (0.60%) Istio
12 8 (0.60%) linkerd
13 7 (0.52%) SCCM
14 6 (0.45%) Hadoop YARN
15 5 (0.37%) Data Guard
15 5 (0.37%) HP ALM
15 5 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
15 5 (0.37%) MIIS
15 5 (0.37%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 335 (24.94%) Oracle
2 186 (13.85%) Microsoft
3 97 (7.22%) Google
4 66 (4.91%) Sybase
5 51 (3.80%) Tableau
6 40 (2.98%) SAP
7 35 (2.61%) Salesforce.com
8 33 (2.46%) IBM
9 27 (2.01%) Talend
10 26 (1.94%) Informatica
11 24 (1.79%) Atlassian
12 23 (1.71%) Sparx
13 22 (1.64%) MicroStrategy
14 20 (1.49%) Zend
15 19 (1.41%) Cloudera
16 18 (1.34%) ServiceNow
17 17 (1.27%) MuleSoft
17 17 (1.27%) Vermilion
18 16 (1.19%) Cognos
19 14 (1.04%) Adobe