Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 111 117 133
Rank change year-on-year +6 +16 -5
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2,266 2,050 1,938
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.35% 2.16% 2.02%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.36% 9.79% 8.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,448 1,405 1,258
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £340 £313 £310
90th Percentile £663 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £448
% change year-on-year +2.63% +6.15% +5.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 18 19
England median hourly rate £33.74 £35.00 £39.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.60% -10.26% -2.50%
10th Percentile £16.92 £22.78 £15.44
90th Percentile £50.00 £45.00 £46.30
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £31.15 £42.50
% change year-on-year +12.36% -26.71% +6.25%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 21,882 20,950 21,656
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.72% 22.03% 22.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,381 14,593 14,483
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +1.19%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £291
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 230 244 310
England median hourly rate £33.75 £32.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.47% +16.36% -
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.68 £10.55
90th Percentile £57.50 £56.84 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £32.49 £30.63 £28.00
% change year-on-year +6.08% +9.38% -0.44%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +13 1,335 £550 +4.76% 265
South East -30 304 £450 - 106
Midlands +52 203 £450 +21.62% 70
North of England -13 193 £400 -5.88% 127
South West +1 128 £438 +4.17% 62
West Midlands +43 104 £444 +4.35% 50
East of England -14 104 £475 +18.01% 53
North West -9 102 £390 -2.50% 69
East Midlands +25 99 £488 +50.00% 20
Yorkshire -5 80 £450 +5.88% 54
North East -17 11 £463 +8.82% 4
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,154 (50.93%) Agile Software Development
2 995 (43.91%) SQL
3 985 (43.47%) Java
4 779 (34.38%) RDBMS
5 638 (28.16%) Git (software)
6 607 (26.79%) SQL Server
7 545 (24.05%) Oracle
8 535 (23.61%) JavaScript
9 511 (22.55%) Linux
10 485 (21.40%) Unix
11 453 (19.99%) HTML
12 449 (19.81%) Python
13 432 (19.06%) TDD
13 432 (19.06%) Spring
14 416 (18.36%) Test Automation
15 407 (17.96%) NoSQL
15 407 (17.96%) REST
16 400 (17.65%) Scrum
17 390 (17.21%) Finance
18 384 (16.95%) CSS
19 380 (16.77%) MySQL
20 362 (15.98%) Microservices
21 349 (15.40%) OO
22 343 (15.14%) Jenkins
23 338 (14.92%) Continuous Integration
24 336 (14.83%) Analytical Skills
25 332 (14.65%) Web Services
26 328 (14.47%) DevOps
27 321 (14.17%) Problem-Solving
27 321 (14.17%) Amazon AWS

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 208 (9.18%) Confluence
2 163 (7.19%) Apache Spark
3 95 (4.19%) WebSphere
4 85 (3.75%) Apache
5 71 (3.13%) Elasticsearch
6 70 (3.09%) WildFly
7 58 (2.56%) CMS
8 54 (2.38%) Mule
9 44 (1.94%) JBoss
9 44 (1.94%) SAS
10 40 (1.77%) Apache Solr
11 37 (1.63%) IIS
12 28 (1.24%) Tomcat
13 27 (1.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 23 (1.02%) SharePoint
15 22 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
16 19 (0.84%) Oracle Workflow
16 19 (0.84%) WebLogic
17 18 (0.79%) Commerce Server
18 17 (0.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 125 (5.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 54 (2.38%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (0.53%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 8 (0.35%) Photoshop
6 5 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.088%) GNU Octave
7 2 (0.088%) HipChat
7 2 (0.088%) SPSS
8 1 (0.044%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.044%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.044%) GIMP
8 1 (0.044%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.044%) Stata
Business Applications
1 16 (0.71%) Teamcenter
2 13 (0.57%) SAP Hybris
3 11 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (0.31%) Dynamics NAV
6 6 (0.26%) Adobe Campaign
6 6 (0.26%) Endur
7 5 (0.22%) ION MarketView
8 4 (0.18%) Bloomberg AIM
8 4 (0.18%) Loan IQ
8 4 (0.18%) Markit EDM
9 3 (0.13%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 3 (0.13%) Elite 3E
9 3 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
9 3 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
9 3 (0.13%) SAP ERP
10 2 (0.088%) Oracle Assets
10 2 (0.088%) Oracle iProcurement
10 2 (0.088%) Oracle TCA
10 2 (0.088%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 321 (14.17%) Amazon AWS
2 234 (10.33%) Microsoft Azure
3 74 (3.27%) Amazon EMR
4 70 (3.09%) Amazon S3
5 65 (2.87%) Serverless
6 59 (2.60%) Amazon EC2
7 54 (2.38%) Google Cloud Platform
8 48 (2.12%) AWS Lambda
9 43 (1.90%) PaaS
10 37 (1.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 36 (1.59%) Amazon Glacier
11 36 (1.59%) GitHub
12 29 (1.28%) OpenShift
12 29 (1.28%) SaaS
13 28 (1.24%) IaaS
14 24 (1.06%) Azure Data Factory
14 24 (1.06%) npm
15 17 (0.75%) Azure Functions
16 13 (0.57%) Apigee
16 13 (0.57%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 171 (7.55%) HTTP
2 61 (2.69%) TCP/IP
3 44 (1.94%) Internet
4 40 (1.77%) SSL
5 36 (1.59%) DNS
6 33 (1.46%) VPN
7 28 (1.24%) FTP
8 24 (1.06%) DHCP
9 22 (0.97%) IPsec
10 17 (0.75%) Firewall
11 14 (0.62%) MPLS
12 11 (0.49%) AMQP
12 11 (0.49%) SMTP
13 9 (0.40%) Kerberos
14 5 (0.22%) WAN
15 4 (0.18%) HTTPS
15 4 (0.18%) IMAP
16 3 (0.13%) Network Security
16 3 (0.13%) RTMP
16 3 (0.13%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 779 (34.38%) RDBMS
2 607 (26.79%) SQL Server
3 407 (17.96%) NoSQL
4 380 (16.77%) MySQL
5 281 (12.40%) Data Warehouse
6 261 (11.52%) MongoDB
7 253 (11.17%) PostgreSQL
8 233 (10.28%) Big Data
9 200 (8.83%) Hadoop
10 127 (5.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 119 (5.25%) Apache Hive
12 113 (4.99%) Power BI
13 106 (4.68%) Oracle Database
14 89 (3.93%) Apache Cassandra
15 76 (3.35%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 75 (3.31%) HBase
17 70 (3.09%) Data Lake
18 69 (3.05%) DB2
19 63 (2.78%) Amazon Redshift
20 62 (2.74%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 638 (28.16%) Git (software)
2 343 (15.14%) Jenkins
3 265 (11.69%) JIRA
4 229 (10.11%) Subversion
5 224 (9.89%) Maven
6 202 (8.91%) JUnit
7 116 (5.12%) Selenium
8 102 (4.50%) Mockito
9 101 (4.46%) SonarQube
10 83 (3.66%) Hudson
11 71 (3.13%) Checkstyle
12 68 (3.00%) Cucumber
12 68 (3.00%) Liquibase
12 68 (3.00%) Vagrant
13 60 (2.65%) Visual Studio Team System
14 56 (2.47%) TeamCity
15 52 (2.29%) Visual Studio
16 44 (1.94%) Gradle
16 44 (1.94%) JMeter
17 42 (1.85%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 390 (17.21%) Finance
2 228 (10.06%) Banking
3 179 (7.90%) Retail
4 152 (6.71%) Investment Banking
5 145 (6.40%) Front Office
6 56 (2.47%) Marketing
7 48 (2.12%) Publishing
8 24 (1.06%) Advertising
9 23 (1.02%) Telecoms
10 20 (0.88%) Financial Institution
11 18 (0.79%) Manufacturing
12 16 (0.71%) Legal
13 14 (0.62%) Back Office
13 14 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
14 11 (0.49%) Games
14 11 (0.49%) Law
15 8 (0.35%) Electronics
16 6 (0.26%) Automotive
17 5 (0.22%) Billing
17 5 (0.22%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 1,337 (59.00%) Developer
2 477 (21.05%) Java Developer
3 175 (7.72%) Analyst
4 150 (6.62%) Architect
5 133 (5.87%) Senior Developer
6 132 (5.83%) Full Stack Developer
7 101 (4.46%) .NET Developer
8 93 (4.10%) DevOps Engineer
9 82 (3.62%) Data Engineer
10 80 (3.53%) Software Engineer
11 78 (3.44%) SQL Developer
12 75 (3.31%) C# Developer
13 73 (3.22%) Scala Developer
14 70 (3.09%) Agile Developer
15 69 (3.05%) SC Cleared Java Developer
16 66 (2.91%) ETL Developer
17 65 (2.87%) Data Analyst
18 61 (2.69%) Python Developer
19 55 (2.43%) Consultant
20 54 (2.38%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 453 (19.99%) HTML
2 432 (19.06%) Spring
3 407 (17.96%) REST
4 384 (16.95%) CSS
5 332 (14.65%) Web Services
6 303 (13.37%) RESTful
7 274 (12.09%) AngularJS
8 273 (12.05%) XML
9 243 (10.72%) JSON
10 235 (10.37%) .NET
11 215 (9.49%) Hibernate
12 210 (9.27%) Node.js
13 182 (8.03%) HTML5
14 161 (7.11%) Spring Boot
15 148 (6.53%) React
16 145 (6.40%) JMS
17 131 (5.78%) CSS3
18 130 (5.74%) Java EE
19 123 (5.43%) J2EE
20 118 (5.21%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 336 (14.83%) Analytical Skills
2 91 (4.02%) Linux Command Line
3 85 (3.75%) Fixed Income
4 81 (3.57%) Algorithms
5 73 (3.22%) Data Structures
6 64 (2.82%) Derivative
7 56 (2.47%) Management Information System
8 46 (2.03%) User Experience
9 44 (1.94%) Self-Motivation
10 41 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
10 41 (1.81%) Fintech
11 34 (1.50%) Clustering
11 34 (1.50%) Greenfield Project
12 30 (1.32%) Equity Derivative
13 24 (1.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 23 (1.02%) Equities
14 23 (1.02%) Interest Rate Derivative
15 22 (0.97%) Data Centre
16 21 (0.93%) Replication
16 21 (0.93%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 511 (22.55%) Linux
2 485 (21.40%) Unix
3 184 (8.12%) Windows
4 68 (3.00%) VMS
5 65 (2.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 44 (1.94%) Windows Server
7 41 (1.81%) Mac OS X
8 31 (1.37%) Apple iOS
9 16 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
10 14 (0.62%) Android
10 14 (0.62%) Solaris
11 9 (0.40%) AIX
12 7 (0.31%) CentOS
13 6 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
14 5 (0.22%) Windows 7
14 5 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.18%) Ubuntu
16 3 (0.13%) Debian
16 3 (0.13%) HPUX
16 3 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,154 (50.93%) Agile Software Development
2 432 (19.06%) TDD
3 416 (18.36%) Test Automation
4 400 (17.65%) Scrum
5 362 (15.98%) Microservices
6 349 (15.40%) OO
7 338 (14.92%) Continuous Integration
8 328 (14.47%) DevOps
9 321 (14.17%) Problem-Solving
10 299 (13.20%) ETL
11 288 (12.71%) Data Modelling
12 282 (12.44%) Open Source
13 275 (12.14%) BDD
14 265 (11.69%) Business Intelligence
15 252 (11.12%) Analytics
16 241 (10.64%) MVC
17 240 (10.59%) SDLC
18 184 (8.12%) Software Engineering
19 163 (7.19%) Kanban
20 160 (7.06%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 995 (43.91%) SQL
2 985 (43.47%) Java
3 535 (23.61%) JavaScript
4 449 (19.81%) Python
5 266 (11.74%) C#
6 235 (10.37%) Java 8
7 192 (8.47%) Scala
8 126 (5.56%) Ruby
9 117 (5.16%) T-SQL
10 104 (4.59%) Shell Script
11 97 (4.28%) PL/SQL
12 72 (3.18%) JPQL
13 71 (3.13%) PHP
14 70 (3.09%) R
15 68 (3.00%) TypeScript
16 63 (2.78%) C++
17 58 (2.56%) Perl
18 52 (2.29%) PowerShell
19 50 (2.21%) Bash Shell
20 48 (2.12%) Go
Qualifications
1 203 (8.96%) Security Cleared
2 163 (7.19%) SC Cleared
3 150 (6.62%) Degree
4 61 (2.69%) BPSS Clearance
5 46 (2.03%) Computer Science Degree
6 32 (1.41%) Numerate Degree
7 28 (1.24%) Master's Degree
8 15 (0.66%) ISTQB
9 14 (0.62%) PhD
10 9 (0.40%) DBS Check
11 8 (0.35%) DV Cleared
12 7 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 6 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
14 5 (0.22%) CFA
14 5 (0.22%) PMP
15 4 (0.18%) ISEB
15 4 (0.18%) MCSA
15 4 (0.18%) Sun Certification
16 3 (0.13%) CISSP
16 3 (0.13%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 111 (4.90%) Data Quality
2 76 (3.35%) QA
3 16 (0.71%) GDPR
4 14 (0.62%) Basel III
5 12 (0.53%) SLA
6 7 (0.31%) EMIR
6 7 (0.31%) MiFID
6 7 (0.31%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.26%) WCAG
8 4 (0.18%) IFRS
8 4 (0.18%) IFRS 9
9 3 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
9 3 (0.13%) ISO 20022
9 3 (0.13%) PMO
10 2 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 2 (0.088%) SNOMED CT
11 1 (0.044%) HL7
System Software
1 270 (11.92%) Docker
2 53 (2.34%) Active Directory
3 38 (1.68%) HDFS
4 29 (1.28%) Virtual Machines
5 19 (0.84%) Apache Flume
6 13 (0.57%) Oracle RAC
7 12 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
8 11 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 7 (0.31%) vSphere
10 4 (0.18%) vCloud
11 2 (0.088%) KVM
11 2 (0.088%) VMware Server
12 1 (0.044%) ACF2
12 1 (0.044%) etcd
12 1 (0.044%) LXC
12 1 (0.044%) oVirt
12 1 (0.044%) RACF
12 1 (0.044%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 1 (0.044%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 128 (5.65%) Opscode Chef
2 127 (5.60%) Ansible
3 119 (5.25%) Kubernetes
4 92 (4.06%) Puppet
5 51 (2.25%) Terraform
6 38 (1.68%) Single Sign-On
7 28 (1.24%) Mesos
8 26 (1.15%) Marathon
9 19 (0.84%) Prometheus
10 16 (0.71%) Data Guard
10 16 (0.71%) Kibana
10 16 (0.71%) logstash
11 13 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
12 11 (0.49%) HP Quality Center
13 9 (0.40%) Grafana
13 9 (0.40%) Nagios
14 8 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
14 8 (0.35%) Oozie
14 8 (0.35%) Oracle RMAN
14 8 (0.35%) Suricata
Vendors
1 545 (24.05%) Oracle
2 283 (12.49%) Microsoft
3 125 (5.52%) Google
4 87 (3.84%) Sybase
5 80 (3.53%) IBM
6 78 (3.44%) Teradata
7 76 (3.35%) Informatica
8 75 (3.31%) SAP
9 63 (2.78%) Tableau
10 52 (2.29%) Cloudera
11 51 (2.25%) Red Hat
12 46 (2.03%) Atlassian
13 43 (1.90%) Splunk
14 36 (1.59%) Talend
15 35 (1.54%) Adobe
15 35 (1.54%) Hortonworks
16 28 (1.24%) MuleSoft
17 27 (1.19%) ServiceNow
18 22 (0.97%) Netezza
18 22 (0.97%) VMware