Period
to 19 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 19 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
19 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 111 126 125
Rank change year-on-year +15 -1 -10
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2074 1981 1958
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.22% 2.03% 1.87%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.07% 9.01% 8.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 1404 1310 1231
England median daily rate £481 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.94% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £315 £312 £300
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +6.74% +4.71% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 15 20
England median hourly rate £31.15 £41.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.94% +7.10% +3.33%
10th Percentile £11.17 £25.90 £22.23
90th Percentile £45.00 £49.40 £43.46
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £42.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year -29.82% +6.88% +6.67%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 20601 21981 24454
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.10% 22.57% 23.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 14264 14751 16280
England median daily rate £458 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.65% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £288 £275
90th Percentile £638 £600 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +0.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 261 319 381
England median hourly rate £31.50 £28.00 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% - +16.67%
10th Percentile £14.25 £11.20 £12.00
90th Percentile £56.75 £48.15 £52.17
UK median hourly rate £31.15 £28.18 £29.25
% change year-on-year +10.54% -3.66% +21.88%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 19 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +26 1227 £525 +5.00% 88
South East +37 332 £425 +9.68% 27
North of England -24 188 £425 - 37
East of England -9 120 £449 +19.67% 16
Midlands -46 111 £375 -9.09% 23
South West +7 95 £375 -6.25% 15
North West -10 92 £400 -5.60% 20
East Midlands -1 77 £334 -21.47% 8
Yorkshire -3 76 £425 - 15
West Midlands -67 33 £425 +6.25% 15
North East +14 24 £425 +0.29% 2
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 19 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 986 (47.54%) SQL
2 950 (45.81%) Agile Software Development
3 944 (45.52%) Java
4 851 (41.03%) RDBMS
5 707 (34.09%) Oracle
6 602 (29.03%) Linux
7 529 (25.51%) Git (software)
8 519 (25.02%) Finance
9 488 (23.53%) Unix
10 480 (23.14%) SQL Server
11 461 (22.23%) JavaScript
12 457 (22.03%) Python
13 428 (20.64%) HTML
14 424 (20.44%) TDD
15 410 (19.77%) Test Automation
16 368 (17.74%) Continuous Integration
17 366 (17.65%) Web Services
18 360 (17.36%) CSS
19 358 (17.26%) REST
20 350 (16.88%) Scrum
20 350 (16.88%) Spring
21 312 (15.04%) NoSQL
22 301 (14.51%) Jenkins
23 291 (14.03%) OO
24 289 (13.93%) MySQL
25 287 (13.84%) XML
26 282 (13.60%) RESTful
27 281 (13.55%) Banking
27 281 (13.55%) DevOps
28 269 (12.97%) C#

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 137 (6.61%) Confluence
2 107 (5.16%) Apache Spark
3 84 (4.05%) Apache
3 84 (4.05%) JBoss
4 68 (3.28%) Tomcat
4 68 (3.28%) WebLogic
5 60 (2.89%) WildFly
6 46 (2.22%) SAS
7 43 (2.07%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 37 (1.78%) Elasticsearch
8 37 (1.78%) SharePoint
9 36 (1.74%) WebSphere
10 32 (1.54%) CMS
11 25 (1.21%) Mule
12 23 (1.11%) IIS
12 23 (1.11%) nginx
13 20 (0.96%) Apache Solr
14 15 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
15 13 (0.63%) Oracle Workflow
16 11 (0.53%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 72 (3.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (1.93%) MS Visio
3 32 (1.54%) Microsoft Office
4 17 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.63%) HipChat
6 5 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.14%) SPSS
7 3 (0.14%) Stata
8 2 (0.096%) Mingle
9 1 (0.048%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.048%) Doxygen
9 1 (0.048%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.048%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.048%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 16 (0.77%) FastStats
2 12 (0.58%) Oracle EBS
3 7 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.34%) KANA IQ
3 7 (0.34%) Magento
3 7 (0.34%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 7 (0.34%) Temenos T24
4 6 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
4 6 (0.29%) Teamcenter
5 5 (0.24%) Eagle PACE
5 5 (0.24%) Markit EDM
5 5 (0.24%) Oracle 11i
6 4 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
6 4 (0.19%) BusinessWorks
6 4 (0.19%) ION MarketView
6 4 (0.19%) Oracle iProcurement
7 3 (0.14%) Oracle General Ledger
7 3 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
7 3 (0.14%) Oracle TCA
7 3 (0.14%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 223 (10.75%) Amazon AWS
2 117 (5.64%) Microsoft Azure
3 36 (1.74%) Google Cloud Platform
4 35 (1.69%) PaaS
5 29 (1.40%) GitHub
6 26 (1.25%) AWS CloudFormation
7 25 (1.21%) IaaS
8 22 (1.06%) Amazon EC2
9 19 (0.92%) Amazon EMR
9 19 (0.92%) SaaS
10 17 (0.82%) Amazon S3
11 12 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
12 10 (0.48%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 10 (0.48%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 9 (0.43%) Amazon Kinesis
13 9 (0.43%) AWS Lambda
13 9 (0.43%) Serverless
14 6 (0.29%) npm
15 5 (0.24%) Bluemix
15 5 (0.24%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 162 (7.81%) HTTP
2 77 (3.71%) TCP/IP
3 51 (2.46%) Internet
4 50 (2.41%) SSL
5 35 (1.69%) Firewall
6 33 (1.59%) DNS
7 19 (0.92%) LDAP
8 16 (0.77%) SAN
9 12 (0.58%) NAS
10 10 (0.48%) DHCP
11 9 (0.43%) FTP
12 8 (0.39%) LAN
12 8 (0.39%) SMTP
12 8 (0.39%) WAN
13 7 (0.34%) Intranet
13 7 (0.34%) Network Security
14 6 (0.29%) IMAP
14 6 (0.29%) Intrusion Detection
15 4 (0.19%) AMQP
15 4 (0.19%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 851 (41.03%) RDBMS
2 480 (23.14%) SQL Server
3 312 (15.04%) NoSQL
4 289 (13.93%) MySQL
5 247 (11.91%) PostgreSQL
6 181 (8.73%) Data Warehouse
7 171 (8.24%) Big Data
8 166 (8.00%) Oracle Database
9 154 (7.43%) MongoDB
10 151 (7.28%) Hadoop
11 79 (3.81%) DB2
12 65 (3.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 64 (3.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 61 (2.94%) Apache Hive
14 61 (2.94%) Redis
15 58 (2.80%) Apache Cassandra
16 51 (2.46%) HBase
17 46 (2.22%) SQL Server 2012
18 39 (1.88%) SQL Server 2008
19 36 (1.74%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 529 (25.51%) Git (software)
2 301 (14.51%) Jenkins
3 237 (11.43%) Subversion
4 232 (11.19%) Maven
5 223 (10.75%) JIRA
6 219 (10.56%) JUnit
7 95 (4.58%) Mockito
8 72 (3.47%) Gradle
8 72 (3.47%) SonarQube
9 67 (3.23%) Selenium
10 62 (2.99%) TeamCity
11 61 (2.94%) Sonatype Nexus
11 61 (2.94%) Vagrant
12 58 (2.80%) Liquibase
13 57 (2.75%) Visual Studio
14 55 (2.65%) Cucumber
15 54 (2.60%) Checkstyle
15 54 (2.60%) NUnit
16 50 (2.41%) Eclipse
17 45 (2.17%) Ant
General
1 519 (25.02%) Finance
2 281 (13.55%) Banking
3 190 (9.16%) Front Office
4 104 (5.01%) Investment Banking
5 85 (4.10%) Retail
6 78 (3.76%) Marketing
7 71 (3.42%) Telecoms
8 58 (2.80%) Games
9 47 (2.27%) Manufacturing
10 33 (1.59%) Financial Institution
11 31 (1.49%) Publishing
12 26 (1.25%) Legal
13 25 (1.21%) Electronics
14 13 (0.63%) Automotive
15 12 (0.58%) Back Office
16 11 (0.53%) Advertising
16 11 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
16 11 (0.53%) Retail Banking
17 8 (0.39%) Local Government
18 6 (0.29%) Law
Job Titles
1 1187 (57.23%) Developer
2 472 (22.76%) Java Developer
3 201 (9.69%) Analyst
4 194 (9.35%) Senior Developer
5 159 (7.67%) Architect
6 150 (7.23%) Python Developer
7 94 (4.53%) Full Stack Developer
8 92 (4.44%) C# Developer
9 89 (4.29%) DevOps Engineer
10 82 (3.95%) .NET Developer
11 79 (3.81%) SQL Developer
12 69 (3.33%) Web Developer
13 68 (3.28%) Senior Java Developer
14 62 (2.99%) Scala Developer
15 59 (2.84%) Django Developer
15 59 (2.84%) Python/Django Developer
16 57 (2.75%) Front Office Developer
17 52 (2.51%) DBA
18 50 (2.41%) Data Architect
19 49 (2.36%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 428 (20.64%) HTML
2 366 (17.65%) Web Services
3 360 (17.36%) CSS
4 358 (17.26%) REST
5 350 (16.88%) Spring
6 287 (13.84%) XML
7 282 (13.60%) RESTful
8 251 (12.10%) .NET
9 229 (11.04%) JSON
10 208 (10.03%) Hibernate
11 205 (9.88%) JMS
12 173 (8.34%) Java EE
13 171 (8.24%) AngularJS
13 171 (8.24%) HTML5
14 153 (7.38%) SOAP
15 138 (6.65%) jQuery
16 123 (5.93%) Django
17 118 (5.69%) Middleware
18 116 (5.59%) Ajax
19 99 (4.77%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 259 (12.49%) Analytical Skills
2 112 (5.40%) Computer Science
3 100 (4.82%) Derivative
4 82 (3.95%) Equities
5 62 (2.99%) Greenfield Project
6 61 (2.94%) Fixed Income
6 61 (2.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 59 (2.84%) Linux Command Line
8 56 (2.70%) Enterprise Software
9 54 (2.60%) User Experience
10 49 (2.36%) Data Structures
10 49 (2.36%) Management Information System
11 42 (2.03%) Fintech
12 35 (1.69%) Replication
13 28 (1.35%) Algorithms
13 28 (1.35%) Clustering
13 28 (1.35%) Data Centre
13 28 (1.35%) Equity Derivative
14 24 (1.16%) N-Tier
15 18 (0.87%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 602 (29.03%) Linux
2 488 (23.53%) Unix
3 154 (7.43%) Windows
4 106 (5.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 88 (4.24%) Mac OS X
6 56 (2.70%) Solaris
7 49 (2.36%) VMS
8 35 (1.69%) Windows Server
9 27 (1.30%) AIX
10 25 (1.21%) CentOS
11 19 (0.92%) Android
11 19 (0.92%) Apple iOS
12 18 (0.87%) HPUX
13 13 (0.63%) CoreOS
14 9 (0.43%) Windows Server 2003
15 7 (0.34%) Windows 2000
16 6 (0.29%) Ubuntu
17 5 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
18 4 (0.19%) Debian
18 4 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 950 (45.81%) Agile Software Development
2 424 (20.44%) TDD
3 410 (19.77%) Test Automation
4 368 (17.74%) Continuous Integration
5 350 (16.88%) Scrum
6 291 (14.03%) OO
7 281 (13.55%) DevOps
8 259 (12.49%) Data Modelling
9 241 (11.62%) Microservices
10 237 (11.43%) SDLC
11 235 (11.33%) Web Development
12 213 (10.27%) ETL
13 206 (9.93%) Configuration Management
14 203 (9.79%) BDD
15 198 (9.55%) Open Source
16 181 (8.73%) MVC
17 178 (8.58%) Business Intelligence
18 170 (8.20%) Analytics
19 145 (6.99%) Mentoring
20 142 (6.85%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 986 (47.54%) SQL
2 944 (45.52%) Java
3 461 (22.23%) JavaScript
4 457 (22.03%) Python
5 269 (12.97%) C#
6 167 (8.05%) Scala
7 150 (7.23%) PL/SQL
8 140 (6.75%) Perl
9 132 (6.36%) Shell Script
10 125 (6.03%) Ruby
11 123 (5.93%) Bash Shell
12 99 (4.77%) T-SQL
13 84 (4.05%) C++
14 56 (2.70%) VBA
15 54 (2.60%) C
15 54 (2.60%) R
16 50 (2.41%) JPQL
17 45 (2.17%) PHP
18 35 (1.69%) Groovy
19 29 (1.40%) Korn
Qualifications
1 188 (9.06%) Security Cleared
2 187 (9.02%) Degree
3 105 (5.06%) SC Cleared
4 55 (2.65%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (1.64%) DV Cleared
6 24 (1.16%) Numerate Degree
7 16 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
8 14 (0.68%) CTC Cleared
9 11 (0.53%) CISSP
10 10 (0.48%) AWS Certification
11 9 (0.43%) Master's Degree
12 7 (0.34%) MySQL Certification
13 6 (0.29%) RHCE
14 4 (0.19%) CISM
14 4 (0.19%) RHCSA
15 3 (0.14%) HNC
15 3 (0.14%) HND
15 3 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
15 3 (0.14%) SAS Certification
15 3 (0.14%) Siebel Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 121 (5.83%) QA
2 105 (5.06%) Data Quality
3 15 (0.72%) MiFID
4 13 (0.63%) GCP
4 13 (0.63%) GDPR
5 12 (0.58%) SLA
6 6 (0.29%) EMIR
6 6 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (0.24%) Dodd-Frank
7 5 (0.24%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.19%) GAAP
9 3 (0.14%) COBIT
9 3 (0.14%) HL7
9 3 (0.14%) Solvency II
10 2 (0.096%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.096%) WCAG
11 1 (0.048%) Basel III
11 1 (0.048%) GMP
11 1 (0.048%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 229 (11.04%) Docker
2 27 (1.30%) HDFS
3 23 (1.11%) Apache Flume
4 22 (1.06%) Xen
5 20 (0.96%) Oracle RAC
6 19 (0.92%) VMware Infrastructure
7 16 (0.77%) Active Directory
7 16 (0.77%) Oracle Clusterware
8 8 (0.39%) etcd
9 6 (0.29%) LXC
10 5 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
11 4 (0.19%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 3 (0.14%) Firmware
12 3 (0.14%) NFS
13 2 (0.096%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.096%) Samba
13 2 (0.096%) vSphere
14 1 (0.048%) Varnish
14 1 (0.048%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 141 (6.80%) Puppet
2 127 (6.12%) Ansible
3 116 (5.59%) Opscode Chef
4 103 (4.97%) Kubernetes
5 37 (1.78%) Terraform
6 34 (1.64%) Data Guard
7 30 (1.45%) Kibana
7 30 (1.45%) Oozie
8 27 (1.30%) Consul
9 25 (1.21%) Mesos
10 24 (1.16%) Oracle RMAN
11 18 (0.87%) Docker Swarm
12 17 (0.82%) HP Quality Center
12 17 (0.82%) Oracle Flashback
13 16 (0.77%) Ambari
14 15 (0.72%) logstash
15 13 (0.63%) Rancher
15 13 (0.63%) ZABBIX
16 12 (0.58%) Graphite
16 12 (0.58%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 707 (34.09%) Oracle
2 173 (8.34%) Microsoft
3 126 (6.08%) Sybase
4 68 (3.28%) Red Hat
5 66 (3.18%) IBM
6 59 (2.84%) Google
7 56 (2.70%) TIBCO
8 52 (2.51%) SAP
9 39 (1.88%) Tableau
10 38 (1.83%) Informatica
11 36 (1.74%) Splunk
12 33 (1.59%) Perforce
13 32 (1.54%) Teradata
14 31 (1.49%) Atlassian
15 30 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
16 26 (1.25%) WSO2
17 25 (1.21%) VMware
18 21 (1.01%) Fidessa
19 19 (0.92%) Bloomberg
19 19 (0.92%) Sun