Period
to 27 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 27 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
27 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 114 150 109
Rank change year-on-year +36 -41 +1
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 556 1,494 2,265
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.19% 1.86% 2.42%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.62% 8.52% 10.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 393 951 1,503
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £350 £350 £340
90th Percentile £685 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 32 22
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.25 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.32% +14.20% +35.00%
10th Percentile £19.52 £16.67 £17.30
90th Percentile £54.75 £57.13 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £44.78 £40.50
% change year-on-year -21.84% +10.57% +50.04%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 5,777 17,536 21,473
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.76% 21.87% 22.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,812 12,085 15,205
Median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £663 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 125 239 221
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +25.00% -6.67%
10th Percentile £13.62 £12.73 £14.00
90th Percentile £51.21 £60.00 £56.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £27.87
% change year-on-year - +25.61% -7.12%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 27 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +13 309 £525 -4.55% 104
North of England +92 95 £450 - 52
North West +86 86 £450 - 29
South East +27 64 £453 +6.50% 47
East of England +62 35 £513 +13.89% 9
South West +62 19 £440 +0.57% 18
Midlands +34 17 £400 -2.44% 35
West Midlands +31 11 £400 -11.11% 16
Yorkshire +41 6 - - 17
East Midlands +40 6 £400 - 19
North East +39 2 £575 +35.29% 6
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 27 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 264 (47.48%) SQL
2 202 (36.33%) Agile Software Development
3 197 (35.43%) Java
4 181 (32.55%) Oracle
5 163 (29.32%) AWS
6 151 (27.16%) RDBMS
7 139 (25.00%) SQL Server
8 138 (24.82%) Python
9 129 (23.20%) Finance
9 129 (23.20%) Git (software)
10 126 (22.66%) Linux
11 121 (21.76%) ETL
12 115 (20.68%) MySQL
13 102 (18.35%) Jenkins
14 101 (18.17%) Banking
15 97 (17.45%) Unix
15 97 (17.45%) Azure
16 94 (16.91%) Security Cleared
17 92 (16.55%) JavaScript
18 89 (16.01%) Spring
19 88 (15.83%) Web Services
19 88 (15.83%) Data Modelling
19 88 (15.83%) Microservices
20 85 (15.29%) Unit Testing
21 84 (15.11%) SC Cleared
22 83 (14.93%) DevOps
23 80 (14.39%) Test Automation
24 79 (14.21%) Continuous Integration
24 79 (14.21%) Scrum
25 76 (13.67%) REST

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (6.47%) Apache
2 29 (5.22%) Apache Spark
2 29 (5.22%) Confluence
3 25 (4.50%) Mule
4 21 (3.78%) JBoss
5 16 (2.88%) IIS
6 14 (2.52%) Red Hat Fuse
7 11 (1.98%) SharePoint
8 9 (1.62%) WebLogic
9 8 (1.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 8 (1.44%) SAS
9 8 (1.44%) WebSphere
10 5 (0.90%) CMS
10 5 (0.90%) Elasticsearch
10 5 (0.90%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.72%) BizTalk Server
11 4 (0.72%) nginx
11 4 (0.72%) OpenStack
11 4 (0.72%) Oracle Workflow
11 4 (0.72%) TPMS
Applications
1 30 (5.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (4.32%) Spreadsheet
3 13 (2.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (1.80%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.72%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.54%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.54%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.18%) SPSS
7 1 (0.18%) Stata
Business Applications
1 9 (1.62%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (1.26%) Oracle EBS R12
2 7 (1.26%) SunGard Martini
3 6 (1.08%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.90%) Magento
5 3 (0.54%) Primavera
6 2 (0.36%) assyst
6 2 (0.36%) Eloqua
6 2 (0.36%) Markit EDM
7 1 (0.18%) Maximo
7 1 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 163 (29.32%) AWS
2 97 (17.45%) Azure
3 44 (7.91%) Amazon S3
4 39 (7.01%) Power Platform
5 26 (4.68%) AWS CloudFormation
6 25 (4.50%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 24 (4.32%) Serverless
8 22 (3.96%) Coveralls
9 20 (3.60%) GCP
10 19 (3.42%) AWS CloudTrail
10 19 (3.42%) AWS Lambda
11 18 (3.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 11 (1.98%) PaaS
13 9 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
13 9 (1.62%) PowerApps
14 8 (1.44%) Amazon SQS
14 8 (1.44%) OpenShift
15 7 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
15 7 (1.26%) GitHub
15 7 (1.26%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 39 (7.01%) HTTP
2 25 (4.50%) DNS
3 13 (2.34%) SSL
4 11 (1.98%) TCP/IP
5 9 (1.62%) Firewall
6 6 (1.08%) DSL
6 6 (1.08%) FTP
6 6 (1.08%) Internet
6 6 (1.08%) RTMP
7 5 (0.90%) VPN
8 2 (0.36%) AMQP
8 2 (0.36%) Kerberos
8 2 (0.36%) LAN
8 2 (0.36%) Network Security
8 2 (0.36%) SMS
8 2 (0.36%) WAN
9 1 (0.18%) Multicast
9 1 (0.18%) Remote Desktop
9 1 (0.18%) Skype
9 1 (0.18%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 151 (27.16%) RDBMS
2 139 (25.00%) SQL Server
3 115 (20.68%) MySQL
4 67 (12.05%) NoSQL
5 64 (11.51%) Data Warehouse
6 61 (10.97%) Hadoop
7 54 (9.71%) Oracle Database
8 52 (9.35%) Big Data
9 47 (8.45%) PostgreSQL
10 46 (8.27%) Pentaho
11 43 (7.73%) Apache Hive
11 43 (7.73%) MongoDB
12 38 (6.83%) Impala
12 38 (6.83%) Power BI
13 36 (6.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 34 (6.12%) Amazon Aurora
15 33 (5.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 29 (5.22%) Amazon RDS
17 21 (3.78%) MS Access
18 17 (3.06%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 129 (23.20%) Git (software)
2 102 (18.35%) Jenkins
3 46 (8.27%) Maven
4 40 (7.19%) JIRA
5 39 (7.01%) JUnit
6 28 (5.04%) Subversion
7 23 (4.14%) SonarQube
8 20 (3.60%) Gradle
9 17 (3.06%) Team Foundation Server
10 15 (2.70%) Bitbucket Server
10 15 (2.70%) Cucumber
10 15 (2.70%) TeamCity
10 15 (2.70%) Visual Studio
11 11 (1.98%) GitLab
11 11 (1.98%) jMock
11 11 (1.98%) Oracle APEX
11 11 (1.98%) Oracle Forms
12 10 (1.80%) Ant
12 10 (1.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 9 (1.62%) FishEye
General
1 129 (23.20%) Finance
2 101 (18.17%) Banking
3 51 (9.17%) Investment Banking
4 47 (8.45%) Public Sector
5 40 (7.19%) Front Office
6 19 (3.42%) Marketing
7 10 (1.80%) Back Office
8 7 (1.26%) Advertising
9 6 (1.08%) Manufacturing
9 6 (1.08%) Telecoms
10 5 (0.90%) Legal
10 5 (0.90%) Retail Banking
11 4 (0.72%) Electronics
11 4 (0.72%) Retail
12 3 (0.54%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.36%) Aerospace
13 2 (0.36%) Military
13 2 (0.36%) Private Banking
14 1 (0.18%) French Language
Job Titles
1 283 (50.90%) Developer
2 94 (16.91%) Java Developer
3 53 (9.53%) AWS Engineer
4 48 (8.63%) Data Engineer
5 47 (8.45%) Architect
6 34 (6.12%) Software Engineer
7 33 (5.94%) AWS Developer
7 33 (5.94%) SQL Developer
8 32 (5.76%) Java Engineer
9 31 (5.58%) Analyst
10 27 (4.86%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 27 (4.86%) Integration Developer
10 27 (4.86%) Pentaho Developer
10 27 (4.86%) Senior Developer
11 26 (4.68%) AWS Software Engineer
12 22 (3.96%) Java Software Developer
12 22 (3.96%) Java Software Engineer
13 21 (3.78%) Python Developer
14 17 (3.06%) Solutions Architect
15 16 (2.88%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 89 (16.01%) Spring
2 88 (15.83%) Web Services
3 76 (13.67%) REST
4 74 (13.31%) HTML
5 52 (9.35%) CSS
6 50 (8.99%) Middleware
7 49 (8.81%) XML
8 47 (8.45%) .NET
9 36 (6.47%) JSON
10 32 (5.76%) Apache Camel
10 32 (5.76%) gRPC
10 32 (5.76%) JMS
10 32 (5.76%) RESTful
11 31 (5.58%) J2EE
12 30 (5.40%) jQuery
12 30 (5.40%) SOAP
13 28 (5.04%) Hibernate
14 27 (4.86%) AngularJS
15 25 (4.50%) Spring Integration
16 24 (4.32%) Dropwizard
Miscellaneous
1 76 (13.67%) Analytical Skills
2 25 (4.50%) Fixed Income
3 22 (3.96%) Data Structures
3 22 (3.96%) Reference Data
4 20 (3.60%) Enterprise Software
4 20 (3.60%) Management Information System
5 14 (2.52%) Pricing Data
6 13 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
7 12 (2.16%) Cloud Native
8 11 (1.98%) Mobile App
9 10 (1.80%) Equities
9 10 (1.80%) Mainframe
10 9 (1.62%) Clustering
10 9 (1.62%) Credit Risk
11 8 (1.44%) Client/Server
11 8 (1.44%) Greenfield Project
11 8 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
12 7 (1.26%) Virtual Team
13 6 (1.08%) FMCG
13 6 (1.08%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 126 (22.66%) Linux
2 97 (17.45%) Unix
3 59 (10.61%) Windows
4 12 (2.16%) Windows Server
5 11 (1.98%) Apple iOS
6 10 (1.80%) Android
6 10 (1.80%) Mac OS X
7 6 (1.08%) Solaris
7 6 (1.08%) Windows Server 2012
7 6 (1.08%) Windows Server 2016
8 4 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.36%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.18%) AIX
10 1 (0.18%) HPUX
10 1 (0.18%) VME
10 1 (0.18%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.18%) Windows 8
10 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 202 (36.33%) Agile Software Development
2 121 (21.76%) ETL
3 88 (15.83%) Data Modelling
3 88 (15.83%) Microservices
4 85 (15.29%) Unit Testing
5 83 (14.93%) DevOps
6 80 (14.39%) Test Automation
7 79 (14.21%) Continuous Integration
7 79 (14.21%) Scrum
8 73 (13.13%) Problem-Solving
9 72 (12.95%) OO
10 69 (12.41%) Business Intelligence
10 69 (12.41%) TDD
11 63 (11.33%) Software Engineering
12 62 (11.15%) Analytics
13 55 (9.89%) Configuration Management
14 48 (8.63%) Data Integration
15 40 (7.19%) SDLC
16 39 (7.01%) Open Source
17 37 (6.65%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 264 (47.48%) SQL
2 197 (35.43%) Java
3 138 (24.82%) Python
4 92 (16.55%) JavaScript
5 63 (11.33%) C#
6 35 (6.29%) Scala
7 25 (4.50%) Bash Shell
7 25 (4.50%) Java 8
8 23 (4.14%) PL/SQL
8 23 (4.14%) T-SQL
9 22 (3.96%) Perl
10 21 (3.78%) R
11 19 (3.42%) Shell Script
12 16 (2.88%) PHP
13 14 (2.52%) PowerShell
14 13 (2.34%) Kotlin
15 12 (2.16%) C++
16 10 (1.80%) VB
17 9 (1.62%) COBOL
18 8 (1.44%) Go
Qualifications
1 94 (16.91%) Security Cleared
2 84 (15.11%) SC Cleared
3 51 (9.17%) Degree
4 14 (2.52%) BPSS Clearance
5 13 (2.34%) Computer Science Degree
6 12 (2.16%) Master's Degree
7 6 (1.08%) ISTQB
7 6 (1.08%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 3 (0.54%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.36%) BC Cleared
9 2 (0.36%) CEH
9 2 (0.36%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.36%) PhD
9 2 (0.36%) Postgraduate
9 2 (0.36%) TOGAF Certification
10 1 (0.18%) CISSP
10 1 (0.18%) HNC
10 1 (0.18%) HND
10 1 (0.18%) MCP
10 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (10.79%) QA
2 47 (8.45%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.90%) SLA
4 3 (0.54%) GDPR
4 3 (0.54%) MiFID
4 3 (0.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.36%) ISO 20022
5 2 (0.36%) NCSC
6 1 (0.18%) CDISC
6 1 (0.18%) COBIT
6 1 (0.18%) COSO
6 1 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.18%) Good Clinical Practice
6 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.18%) NIST
6 1 (0.18%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 72 (12.95%) Docker
2 39 (7.01%) HDFS
3 12 (2.16%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.90%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.54%) NFS
6 3 (0.54%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.36%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.36%) LXC
7 2 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.18%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 1 (0.18%) Snort
8 1 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 56 (10.07%) Kubernetes
2 36 (6.47%) Ansible
3 31 (5.58%) Terraform
4 22 (3.96%) Opscode Chef
5 19 (3.42%) Puppet
6 6 (1.08%) Data Guard
7 5 (0.90%) Prometheus
8 4 (0.72%) Istio
8 4 (0.72%) Single Sign-On
9 3 (0.54%) Hadoop YARN
9 3 (0.54%) HP ALM
10 2 (0.36%) Consul
10 2 (0.36%) Kibana
10 2 (0.36%) Packer
11 1 (0.18%) Control-M
11 1 (0.18%) Grafana
11 1 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
11 1 (0.18%) Nagios
11 1 (0.18%) Network Intrusion Detection System
11 1 (0.18%) Rancher
Vendors
1 181 (32.55%) Oracle
2 68 (12.23%) Microsoft
3 50 (8.99%) Sybase
4 43 (7.73%) Cloudera
5 20 (3.60%) IBM
6 16 (2.88%) SAP
7 15 (2.70%) Tableau
7 15 (2.70%) Talend
8 13 (2.34%) Atlassian
9 12 (2.16%) Informatica
9 12 (2.16%) Salesforce.com
10 9 (1.62%) Murex
11 8 (1.44%) Google
12 7 (1.26%) FIS
12 7 (1.26%) SunGard
13 6 (1.08%) Databricks
13 6 (1.08%) Dell
13 6 (1.08%) IFS
13 6 (1.08%) Splunk
14 5 (0.90%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud