Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 108 126 137
Rank change year-on-year +18 +11 -31
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2,047 1,790 1,814
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.22% 1.99% 1.85%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.08% 8.86% 7.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,434 1,165 1,194
England median daily rate £488 £450 £433
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.05% +1.76%
10th Percentile £313 £310 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 19 19
England median hourly rate £40.00 £36.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.59% -8.75% +6.67%
10th Percentile £25.60 £15.84 £36.25
90th Percentile £49.83 £46.30 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -11.76% +6.25% +6.67%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 20,311 20,194 22,775
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.00% 22.50% 23.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,294 13,598 15,268
England median daily rate £470 £428 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.94% +0.59% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £295 £275
90th Percentile £631 £606 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £418
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.80% +4.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 228 270 393
England median hourly rate £31.23 £27.50 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.56% -8.33% +4.57%
10th Percentile £15.12 £10.38 £11.55
90th Percentile £57.44 £47.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £30.75 £28.18 £30.00
% change year-on-year +9.12% -6.07% +4.57%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +27 1,191 £550 +10.00% 309
South East +43 355 £475 +8.57% 110
North of England -23 173 £425 - 102
Midlands -41 123 £350 -12.50% 57
East of England -18 108 £400 +6.67% 61
South West +16 101 £425 +6.25% 59
North West -13 91 £363 -14.71% 64
East Midlands -9 74 £315 -24.10% 24
Yorkshire -6 59 £425 - 37
West Midlands -42 47 £425 +9.68% 32
North East +32 27 £425 -3.41% 1
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 984 (48.07%) Java
2 959 (46.85%) SQL
3 935 (45.68%) Agile Software Development
4 855 (41.77%) RDBMS
5 644 (31.46%) Oracle
6 559 (27.31%) Linux
7 534 (26.09%) Git (software)
8 503 (24.57%) SQL Server
9 496 (24.23%) Unix
10 488 (23.84%) Finance
11 463 (22.62%) JavaScript
12 430 (21.01%) Test Automation
13 424 (20.71%) Python
14 419 (20.47%) TDD
15 409 (19.98%) HTML
16 365 (17.83%) REST
17 359 (17.54%) Spring
17 359 (17.54%) Continuous Integration
18 347 (16.95%) Scrum
19 346 (16.90%) Web Services
20 334 (16.32%) OO
21 318 (15.53%) CSS
22 312 (15.24%) NoSQL
23 308 (15.05%) Jenkins
24 285 (13.92%) C#
25 280 (13.68%) XML
26 276 (13.48%) Microservices
27 273 (13.34%) Analytical Skills
28 270 (13.19%) DevOps
28 270 (13.19%) .NET

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (6.01%) Confluence
2 104 (5.08%) Apache Spark
3 81 (3.96%) Apache
4 73 (3.57%) JBoss
4 73 (3.57%) WildFly
5 65 (3.18%) Tomcat
6 56 (2.74%) WebLogic
7 51 (2.49%) SAS
8 41 (2.00%) Elasticsearch
9 36 (1.76%) SharePoint
10 34 (1.66%) CMS
11 33 (1.61%) WebSphere
12 31 (1.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 29 (1.42%) Mule
14 27 (1.32%) IIS
15 23 (1.12%) Cloud Foundry
16 19 (0.93%) nginx
17 16 (0.78%) Apache Solr
18 14 (0.68%) Apache Pig
19 10 (0.49%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 91 (4.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 44 (2.15%) MS Visio
3 28 (1.37%) Microsoft Office
4 21 (1.03%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.54%) HipChat
6 6 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.29%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.098%) Mingle
7 2 (0.098%) SPSS
7 2 (0.098%) Stata
8 1 (0.049%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.049%) Doxygen
8 1 (0.049%) GNU Octave
8 1 (0.049%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 15 (0.73%) FastStats
2 13 (0.64%) Magento
3 8 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
4 7 (0.34%) KANA IQ
4 7 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
4 7 (0.34%) Temenos T24
5 6 (0.29%) Markit EDM
5 6 (0.29%) NetSuite
5 6 (0.29%) Oracle 11i
5 6 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 6 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
5 6 (0.29%) Teamcenter
6 5 (0.24%) Eagle PACE
7 4 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.20%) Infor CRM
7 4 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
7 4 (0.20%) Oracle iProcurement
7 4 (0.20%) Unit4 Business World
8 3 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 226 (11.04%) Amazon AWS
2 138 (6.74%) Microsoft Azure
3 40 (1.95%) GitHub
4 39 (1.91%) PaaS
5 29 (1.42%) Google Cloud Platform
5 29 (1.42%) SaaS
6 28 (1.37%) AWS CloudFormation
6 28 (1.37%) IaaS
7 23 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
8 18 (0.88%) Amazon EC2
9 15 (0.73%) Amazon S3
10 14 (0.68%) npm
11 12 (0.59%) OpenShift
12 10 (0.49%) Serverless
13 9 (0.44%) AWS Lambda
14 8 (0.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 8 (0.39%) Amazon EMR
14 8 (0.39%) Office 365
14 8 (0.39%) Salesforce Service Cloud
15 7 (0.34%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 140 (6.84%) HTTP
2 73 (3.57%) TCP/IP
3 52 (2.54%) Internet
4 39 (1.91%) Firewall
5 36 (1.76%) DNS
5 36 (1.76%) SSL
6 14 (0.68%) DHCP
6 14 (0.68%) LDAP
7 13 (0.64%) FTP
7 13 (0.64%) SAN
8 11 (0.54%) AMQP
8 11 (0.54%) MQTT
9 10 (0.49%) SMTP
10 9 (0.44%) Intranet
11 8 (0.39%) NAS
12 7 (0.34%) Intrusion Detection
12 7 (0.34%) SMS
13 6 (0.29%) IMAP
14 5 (0.24%) LAN
14 5 (0.24%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 855 (41.77%) RDBMS
2 503 (24.57%) SQL Server
3 312 (15.24%) NoSQL
4 270 (13.19%) MySQL
5 234 (11.43%) PostgreSQL
6 178 (8.70%) Big Data
6 178 (8.70%) MongoDB
7 173 (8.45%) Data Warehouse
8 165 (8.06%) Oracle Database
9 146 (7.13%) Hadoop
10 87 (4.25%) DB2
11 84 (4.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 71 (3.47%) Redis
13 68 (3.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 67 (3.27%) Apache Hive
15 62 (3.03%) SQL Server 2012
16 57 (2.78%) HBase
17 50 (2.44%) Apache Cassandra
18 37 (1.81%) SQL Server 2008
19 36 (1.76%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 534 (26.09%) Git (software)
2 308 (15.05%) Jenkins
3 231 (11.28%) Maven
4 230 (11.24%) JUnit
5 208 (10.16%) JIRA
5 208 (10.16%) Subversion
6 105 (5.13%) Mockito
7 103 (5.03%) SonarQube
8 81 (3.96%) Gradle
8 81 (3.96%) Selenium
9 72 (3.52%) Vagrant
10 67 (3.27%) Checkstyle
11 66 (3.22%) Visual Studio
12 65 (3.18%) Liquibase
13 64 (3.13%) NUnit
14 61 (2.98%) TeamCity
15 59 (2.88%) Cucumber
15 59 (2.88%) Team Foundation Server
16 52 (2.54%) Ant
17 49 (2.39%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 488 (23.84%) Finance
2 261 (12.75%) Banking
3 147 (7.18%) Front Office
4 111 (5.42%) Investment Banking
5 82 (4.01%) Retail
6 67 (3.27%) Marketing
7 62 (3.03%) Games
8 51 (2.49%) Telecoms
9 37 (1.81%) Manufacturing
9 37 (1.81%) Publishing
10 29 (1.42%) Legal
11 19 (0.93%) Automotive
12 17 (0.83%) Financial Institution
13 15 (0.73%) Electronics
14 13 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
15 12 (0.59%) Advertising
16 9 (0.44%) Retail Banking
17 8 (0.39%) Back Office
18 7 (0.34%) Law
19 6 (0.29%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,187 (57.99%) Developer
2 474 (23.16%) Java Developer
3 209 (10.21%) Senior Developer
4 194 (9.48%) Analyst
5 141 (6.89%) Architect
6 123 (6.01%) Full Stack Developer
7 121 (5.91%) Python Developer
8 119 (5.81%) C# Developer
9 99 (4.84%) .NET Developer
10 98 (4.79%) DevOps Engineer
11 88 (4.30%) SQL Developer
12 80 (3.91%) Senior Java Developer
13 53 (2.59%) Data Analyst
14 51 (2.49%) Data Engineer
14 51 (2.49%) Solutions Architect
15 49 (2.39%) C# .NET Developer
16 48 (2.34%) Front Office Developer
17 47 (2.30%) DBA
17 47 (2.30%) JavaScript Developer
17 47 (2.30%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 409 (19.98%) HTML
2 365 (17.83%) REST
3 359 (17.54%) Spring
4 346 (16.90%) Web Services
5 318 (15.53%) CSS
6 280 (13.68%) XML
7 270 (13.19%) .NET
8 259 (12.65%) RESTful
9 229 (11.19%) JSON
10 225 (10.99%) Hibernate
11 213 (10.41%) JMS
12 171 (8.35%) AngularJS
13 169 (8.26%) Java EE
14 158 (7.72%) jQuery
15 154 (7.52%) HTML5
16 145 (7.08%) SOAP
17 107 (5.23%) Spring Boot
18 103 (5.03%) Kafka
19 102 (4.98%) J2EE
20 101 (4.93%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 273 (13.34%) Analytical Skills
2 92 (4.49%) Computer Science
3 82 (4.01%) Derivative
4 81 (3.96%) Equities
5 67 (3.27%) Linux Command Line
6 65 (3.18%) Greenfield Project
7 60 (2.93%) Management Information System
8 55 (2.69%) Enterprise Software
8 55 (2.69%) User Experience
9 50 (2.44%) Data Structures
9 50 (2.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 43 (2.10%) Clustering
11 42 (2.05%) Fixed Income
12 41 (2.00%) Fintech
13 36 (1.76%) Replication
14 25 (1.22%) Data Centre
14 25 (1.22%) Equity Derivative
15 24 (1.17%) Algorithms
15 24 (1.17%) N-Tier
16 21 (1.03%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 559 (27.31%) Linux
2 496 (24.23%) Unix
3 137 (6.69%) Windows
4 97 (4.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 82 (4.01%) Mac OS X
6 62 (3.03%) VMS
7 39 (1.91%) Solaris
8 36 (1.76%) Windows Server
9 20 (0.98%) CentOS
10 19 (0.93%) AIX
11 14 (0.68%) HPUX
12 12 (0.59%) Android
12 12 (0.59%) Apple iOS
12 12 (0.59%) Windows Server 2003
13 10 (0.49%) CoreOS
14 9 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
15 7 (0.34%) Windows 2000
16 5 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
17 3 (0.15%) Ubuntu
17 3 (0.15%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 935 (45.68%) Agile Software Development
2 430 (21.01%) Test Automation
3 419 (20.47%) TDD
4 359 (17.54%) Continuous Integration
5 347 (16.95%) Scrum
6 334 (16.32%) OO
7 276 (13.48%) Microservices
8 270 (13.19%) DevOps
9 253 (12.36%) SDLC
10 226 (11.04%) Data Modelling
11 214 (10.45%) BDD
12 201 (9.82%) MVC
13 192 (9.38%) Web Development
14 182 (8.89%) Open Source
15 176 (8.60%) ETL
16 170 (8.30%) Business Intelligence
17 158 (7.72%) Analytics
18 156 (7.62%) Configuration Management
19 154 (7.52%) Continuous Delivery
20 145 (7.08%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 984 (48.07%) Java
2 959 (46.85%) SQL
3 463 (22.62%) JavaScript
4 424 (20.71%) Python
5 285 (13.92%) C#
6 157 (7.67%) Scala
7 134 (6.55%) PL/SQL
8 133 (6.50%) Perl
9 128 (6.25%) Shell Script
10 127 (6.20%) Bash Shell
11 122 (5.96%) Ruby
12 95 (4.64%) T-SQL
13 63 (3.08%) C++
13 63 (3.08%) JPQL
14 62 (3.03%) R
15 54 (2.64%) PHP
16 52 (2.54%) VBA
17 51 (2.49%) C
18 40 (1.95%) Groovy
19 38 (1.86%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 198 (9.67%) Security Cleared
2 191 (9.33%) Degree
3 109 (5.32%) SC Cleared
4 49 (2.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 30 (1.47%) DV Cleared
6 29 (1.42%) Numerate Degree
7 19 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
8 15 (0.73%) Master's Degree
9 12 (0.59%) CTC Cleared
10 9 (0.44%) AWS Certification
11 7 (0.34%) CISSP
11 7 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.34%) MySQL Certification
11 7 (0.34%) RHCE
12 3 (0.15%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 3 (0.15%) RHCSA
13 2 (0.098%) MCAD
13 2 (0.098%) MCSD
13 2 (0.098%) MCTS
13 2 (0.098%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 137 (6.69%) QA
2 92 (4.49%) Data Quality
3 13 (0.64%) GCP
3 13 (0.64%) SLA
4 12 (0.59%) GDPR
4 12 (0.59%) MiFID
5 7 (0.34%) Dodd-Frank
5 7 (0.34%) EMIR
6 6 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
6 6 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.29%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.15%) COBIT
8 2 (0.098%) Basel III
8 2 (0.098%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.098%) PMO
8 2 (0.098%) Solvency II
8 2 (0.098%) WCAG
9 1 (0.049%) CRD IV
9 1 (0.049%) FATCA
9 1 (0.049%) SAS 70
System Software
1 216 (10.55%) Docker
2 32 (1.56%) Apache Flume
3 31 (1.51%) HDFS
4 28 (1.37%) VMware Infrastructure
5 22 (1.07%) Oracle RAC
6 16 (0.78%) Oracle Clusterware
6 16 (0.78%) Xen
7 15 (0.73%) Active Directory
8 10 (0.49%) Virtual Servers
9 8 (0.39%) etcd
9 8 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
10 7 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.34%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 5 (0.24%) Hyper-V
12 4 (0.20%) LXC
12 4 (0.20%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 4 (0.20%) vSphere
13 3 (0.15%) Firmware
14 2 (0.098%) NFS
14 2 (0.098%) Samba
Systems Management
1 139 (6.79%) Puppet
2 121 (5.91%) Ansible
2 121 (5.91%) Opscode Chef
3 90 (4.40%) Kubernetes
4 33 (1.61%) Data Guard
4 33 (1.61%) Oozie
5 31 (1.51%) Terraform
6 30 (1.47%) Kibana
7 26 (1.27%) Consul
8 21 (1.03%) Mesos
8 21 (1.03%) Oracle RMAN
9 20 (0.98%) logstash
10 18 (0.88%) Oracle Flashback
11 17 (0.83%) HP Quality Center
11 17 (0.83%) ZABBIX
12 16 (0.78%) Ambari
13 13 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
13 13 (0.64%) ITRS Geneos
13 13 (0.64%) Packer
14 12 (0.59%) Grafana
Vendors
1 644 (31.46%) Oracle
2 204 (9.97%) Microsoft
3 97 (4.74%) Sybase
4 68 (3.32%) Red Hat
5 66 (3.22%) IBM
6 54 (2.64%) Splunk
7 52 (2.54%) Tableau
8 48 (2.34%) SAP
9 43 (2.10%) Google
10 39 (1.91%) TIBCO
11 37 (1.81%) Informatica
11 37 (1.81%) VMware
12 34 (1.66%) Teradata
13 28 (1.37%) MuleSoft
13 28 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
14 27 (1.32%) Atlassian
15 25 (1.22%) Perforce
16 23 (1.12%) hybris
17 20 (0.98%) Cloudera
17 20 (0.98%) Hortonworks