Period
to 21 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 21 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 147 113 116
Rank change year-on-year -34 +3 +14
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,207 2,128 2,010
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.82% 2.35% 2.21%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.56% 10.39% 10.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 773 1,378 1,406
England median daily rate £500 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.56% +8.33%
10th Percentile £330 £344 £313
90th Percentile £650 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £495 £475
% change year-on-year -4.04% +4.21% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 15 20
England median hourly rate £30.00 £24.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% -40.00% +11.89%
10th Percentile £15.81 £17.25 £25.60
90th Percentile £53.75 £49.50 £49.83
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £24.49 £37.50
% change year-on-year +22.50% -34.69% -11.76%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 14,101 20,479 19,968
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.26% 22.61% 21.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,510 14,238 14,057
England median daily rate £475 £483 £473
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.61% +2.17% +9.88%
10th Percentile £325 £323 £313
90th Percentile £673 £650 £631
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 225 217 223
England median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 £31.15
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.14% +12.36% +13.27%
10th Percentile £13.60 £14.80 £15.19
90th Percentile £56.70 £56.53 £58.38
UK median hourly rate £31.25 £32.50 £30.63
% change year-on-year -3.85% +6.12% +9.38%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -34 650 £550 - 257
South East +28 205 £423 -5.59% 98
North of England -7 131 £425 - 109
Midlands -38 78 £425 -5.56% 66
East of England +8 76 £438 -5.41% 39
North West -17 67 £410 +3.54% 73
South West -35 66 £438 -2.78% 41
Yorkshire +11 49 £500 - 24
West Midlands -24 40 £430 -4.44% 42
East Midlands -12 38 £425 -12.82% 24
North East +30 20 £405 -14.74% 12
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 564 (46.73%) SQL
2 502 (41.59%) Agile Software Development
3 396 (32.81%) Java
4 392 (32.48%) RDBMS
5 364 (30.16%) SQL Server
6 315 (26.10%) Oracle
7 278 (23.03%) Azure
8 263 (21.79%) MySQL
9 257 (21.29%) JavaScript
10 255 (21.13%) Python
11 241 (19.97%) Finance
12 234 (19.39%) HTML
12 234 (19.39%) AWS
13 214 (17.73%) Git (software)
14 211 (17.48%) Web Services
15 203 (16.82%) ETL
16 201 (16.65%) CSS
17 197 (16.32%) Problem-Solving
18 192 (15.91%) Microservices
19 191 (15.82%) Linux
20 185 (15.33%) C#
20 185 (15.33%) Continuous Integration
21 184 (15.24%) TDD
22 182 (15.08%) XML
23 181 (15.00%) Analytics
23 181 (15.00%) DevOps
24 180 (14.91%) Test Automation
25 169 (14.00%) Data Modelling
26 168 (13.92%) Scrum
27 167 (13.84%) .NET

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 84 (6.96%) Apache Spark
2 54 (4.47%) Apache
3 50 (4.14%) Confluence
4 36 (2.98%) Elasticsearch
5 28 (2.32%) nginx
6 27 (2.24%) SharePoint
7 25 (2.07%) SAS
7 25 (2.07%) Tomcat
8 14 (1.16%) CMS
9 12 (0.99%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 11 (0.91%) Camunda
10 11 (0.91%) IIS
11 8 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
12 7 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
12 7 (0.58%) Jupyter
13 6 (0.50%) ArcGIS
13 6 (0.50%) WebLogic
13 6 (0.50%) WordPress
14 5 (0.41%) JBoss
15 4 (0.33%) Umbraco
Applications
1 61 (5.05%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (1.99%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.58%) XMetaL
4 6 (0.50%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.50%) Zeplin
5 5 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.25%) GNU Octave
8 1 (0.083%) Camtasia
8 1 (0.083%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 20 (1.66%) FINCAD Analytics
2 15 (1.24%) BusinessWorks
3 10 (0.83%) Magento
4 9 (0.75%) NetSuite
4 9 (0.75%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 8 (0.66%) PolarLake
6 7 (0.58%) Dynamics AX
7 6 (0.50%) Markit EDM
7 6 (0.50%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 5 (0.41%) Adobe Campaign
8 5 (0.41%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 4 (0.33%) Sonata
10 3 (0.25%) R3 Corda
11 2 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
11 2 (0.17%) Hyperion Planning
11 2 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
11 2 (0.17%) SAP Bank Analyzer
11 2 (0.17%) SAP BPC
12 1 (0.083%) Global One
12 1 (0.083%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 278 (23.03%) Azure
2 234 (19.39%) AWS
3 102 (8.45%) GCP
4 84 (6.96%) Power Platform
5 56 (4.64%) GitHub
6 32 (2.65%) SaaS
7 31 (2.57%) Azure Data Factory
8 28 (2.32%) Serverless
9 26 (2.15%) AWS Step Functions
10 24 (1.99%) PaaS
11 23 (1.91%) Amazon S3
12 18 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
13 16 (1.33%) Amazon SQS
13 16 (1.33%) OpenShift
14 15 (1.24%) Amazon EMR
14 15 (1.24%) AWS Lambda
15 13 (1.08%) Azure Machine Learning
15 13 (1.08%) IaaS
16 12 (0.99%) npm
17 11 (0.91%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 83 (6.88%) HTTP
2 24 (1.99%) TCP/IP
3 16 (1.33%) SSL
4 11 (0.91%) DNS
4 11 (0.91%) Firewall
4 11 (0.91%) Internet
4 11 (0.91%) SSH
5 8 (0.66%) FTP
6 7 (0.58%) SAN
7 6 (0.50%) DHCP
7 6 (0.50%) DSL
8 5 (0.41%) IPsec
8 5 (0.41%) RTMP
9 4 (0.33%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
9 4 (0.33%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
9 4 (0.33%) FIX Connectivity
9 4 (0.33%) POP3
9 4 (0.33%) SMTP
9 4 (0.33%) VPN
9 4 (0.33%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 392 (32.48%) RDBMS
2 364 (30.16%) SQL Server
3 263 (21.79%) MySQL
4 164 (13.59%) Data Warehouse
5 162 (13.42%) PostgreSQL
6 150 (12.43%) NoSQL
7 117 (9.69%) Big Data
7 117 (9.69%) MongoDB
8 104 (8.62%) Hadoop
9 82 (6.79%) Power BI
10 76 (6.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 72 (5.97%) Redis
12 69 (5.72%) Apache Cassandra
13 53 (4.39%) Oracle Database
14 51 (4.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 49 (4.06%) DB2
16 48 (3.98%) Azure SQL Database
17 45 (3.73%) Amazon Aurora
18 43 (3.56%) Data Lake
19 38 (3.15%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 214 (17.73%) Git (software)
2 129 (10.69%) Jenkins
3 118 (9.78%) JIRA
4 51 (4.23%) Selenium
5 49 (4.06%) Cucumber
6 38 (3.15%) JUnit
7 29 (2.40%) Maven
8 28 (2.32%) TeamCity
9 25 (2.07%) Mockito
10 24 (1.99%) Visual Studio Team System
11 19 (1.57%) Team Foundation Server
12 18 (1.49%) GitLab
12 18 (1.49%) Mocha
12 18 (1.49%) NUnit
13 17 (1.41%) Visual Studio
14 16 (1.33%) Grunt
15 15 (1.24%) Subversion
16 14 (1.16%) SonarQube
17 13 (1.08%) Gradle
17 13 (1.08%) webpack
General
1 241 (19.97%) Finance
2 86 (7.13%) Banking
3 56 (4.64%) Public Sector
4 51 (4.23%) Front Office
5 35 (2.90%) Retail
6 33 (2.73%) Telecoms
7 29 (2.40%) Marketing
8 28 (2.32%) Investment Banking
9 19 (1.57%) Games
10 17 (1.41%) Pharmaceutical
10 17 (1.41%) Publishing
11 11 (0.91%) Manufacturing
12 8 (0.66%) Legal
13 7 (0.58%) Back Office
13 7 (0.58%) Electronics
14 5 (0.41%) Automotive
15 4 (0.33%) Advertising
15 4 (0.33%) Law
15 4 (0.33%) Local Government
16 3 (0.25%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 676 (56.01%) Developer
2 148 (12.26%) Java Developer
3 121 (10.02%) Analyst
4 107 (8.86%) Senior Developer
5 93 (7.71%) Architect
6 83 (6.88%) Data Engineer
7 67 (5.55%) .NET Developer
8 65 (5.39%) Data Analyst
8 65 (5.39%) Python Developer
9 62 (5.14%) AWS Developer
10 59 (4.89%) Software Engineer
11 56 (4.64%) C# Developer
12 51 (4.23%) Java Engineer
13 42 (3.48%) Full Stack Developer
14 41 (3.40%) AWS Engineer
15 37 (3.07%) Java Software Engineer
15 37 (3.07%) Scala Developer
16 36 (2.98%) Developer/Software Engineer
17 35 (2.90%) Java Software Developer
18 34 (2.82%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 234 (19.39%) HTML
2 211 (17.48%) Web Services
3 201 (16.65%) CSS
4 182 (15.08%) XML
5 167 (13.84%) .NET
6 146 (12.10%) RESTful
7 140 (11.60%) REST
8 136 (11.27%) Spring
9 124 (10.27%) JSON
10 118 (9.78%) AngularJS
11 112 (9.28%) HTML5
12 97 (8.04%) Kafka
13 94 (7.79%) React
14 73 (6.05%) Node.js
15 61 (5.05%) jQuery
16 57 (4.72%) J2EE
17 56 (4.64%) CSS3
18 55 (4.56%) .NET Framework
18 55 (4.56%) SOAP
19 53 (4.39%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 136 (11.27%) Analytical Skills
2 52 (4.31%) Data Structures
3 42 (3.48%) Algorithms
3 42 (3.48%) Greenfield Project
4 35 (2.90%) Mobile App
5 32 (2.65%) Fixed Income
5 32 (2.65%) User Experience
6 30 (2.49%) Enterprise Software
7 28 (2.32%) Management Information System
8 27 (2.24%) Derivative
8 27 (2.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 24 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
10 21 (1.74%) Hedge funds
11 20 (1.66%) Equity Derivative
11 20 (1.66%) Pricing Data
12 19 (1.57%) Clustering
12 19 (1.57%) Reference Data
13 16 (1.33%) Market Risk
14 15 (1.24%) Client/Server
15 13 (1.08%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 191 (15.82%) Linux
2 114 (9.44%) Unix
3 67 (5.55%) Windows
4 24 (1.99%) Windows Server
5 20 (1.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 17 (1.41%) Solaris
7 9 (0.75%) CentOS
7 9 (0.75%) Mac OS X
8 7 (0.58%) VMS
9 5 (0.41%) AIX
9 5 (0.41%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.33%) Android
10 4 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.25%) Apple iOS
11 3 (0.25%) zOS
12 2 (0.17%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.083%) CoreOS
13 1 (0.083%) Debian
13 1 (0.083%) HPUX
13 1 (0.083%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 502 (41.59%) Agile Software Development
2 203 (16.82%) ETL
3 197 (16.32%) Problem-Solving
4 192 (15.91%) Microservices
5 185 (15.33%) Continuous Integration
6 184 (15.24%) TDD
7 181 (15.00%) Analytics
7 181 (15.00%) DevOps
8 180 (14.91%) Test Automation
9 169 (14.00%) Data Modelling
10 168 (13.92%) Scrum
11 161 (13.34%) Business Intelligence
12 153 (12.68%) Software Engineering
13 137 (11.35%) Migration
14 120 (9.94%) OO
15 107 (8.86%) MVC
16 96 (7.95%) SDLC
17 84 (6.96%) Mentoring
18 80 (6.63%) Data Management
19 77 (6.38%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 564 (46.73%) SQL
2 396 (32.81%) Java
3 257 (21.29%) JavaScript
4 255 (21.13%) Python
5 185 (15.33%) C#
6 93 (7.71%) Scala
7 64 (5.30%) PHP
8 58 (4.81%) Java 8
9 55 (4.56%) Ruby
10 53 (4.39%) T-SQL
11 48 (3.98%) PowerShell
12 43 (3.56%) TypeScript
13 30 (2.49%) R
13 30 (2.49%) Shell Script
14 28 (2.32%) PL/SQL
15 27 (2.24%) C++
16 22 (1.82%) Bash Shell
16 22 (1.82%) Kotlin
17 19 (1.57%) C
17 19 (1.57%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 96 (7.95%) Security Cleared
2 78 (6.46%) Degree
3 74 (6.13%) SC Cleared
4 28 (2.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (1.24%) BPSS Clearance
6 14 (1.16%) Microsoft Certification
7 7 (0.58%) DV Cleared
7 7 (0.58%) Master's Degree
8 6 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.41%) CCIE
9 5 (0.41%) CCNP
9 5 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
9 5 (0.41%) HNC
9 5 (0.41%) Oracle Certification
9 5 (0.41%) SAS Certification
10 4 (0.33%) OCP
10 4 (0.33%) PhD
11 3 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
11 3 (0.25%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.17%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (4.56%) Data Quality
2 53 (4.39%) QA
3 21 (1.74%) GDPR
4 10 (0.83%) IFRS
4 10 (0.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (0.83%) SLA
4 10 (0.83%) Solvency II
5 5 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 4 (0.33%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.17%) COBIT
8 2 (0.17%) HL7
8 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.083%) EMIR
9 1 (0.083%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.083%) MiFID
9 1 (0.083%) PMO
System Software
1 128 (10.60%) Docker
2 32 (2.65%) Active Directory
3 13 (1.08%) Apache Flume
4 8 (0.66%) HDFS
4 8 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.58%) Virtual Desktop
5 7 (0.58%) Virtual Servers
6 4 (0.33%) Oracle RAC
6 4 (0.33%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 4 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
7 3 (0.25%) vSphere
8 2 (0.17%) Oracle Clusterware
8 2 (0.17%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 1 (0.083%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 1 (0.083%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.083%) Xen
9 1 (0.083%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 111 (9.20%) Kubernetes
2 49 (4.06%) Terraform
3 40 (3.31%) Ansible
4 25 (2.07%) Opscode Chef
5 24 (1.99%) Puppet
6 19 (1.57%) Single Sign-On
7 14 (1.16%) Kibana
8 10 (0.83%) Grafana
8 10 (0.83%) Oozie
9 9 (0.75%) Istio
9 9 (0.75%) linkerd
10 7 (0.58%) Data Guard
11 6 (0.50%) Oracle RMAN
12 5 (0.41%) HP ALM
12 5 (0.41%) MIIS
12 5 (0.41%) Prometheus
13 4 (0.33%) FortiGate
13 4 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
13 4 (0.33%) Salt
14 3 (0.25%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 315 (26.10%) Oracle
2 154 (12.76%) Microsoft
3 87 (7.21%) Google
4 61 (5.05%) Sybase
5 45 (3.73%) Tableau
6 37 (3.07%) SAP
7 32 (2.65%) Talend
8 30 (2.49%) Atlassian
9 28 (2.32%) Informatica
10 27 (2.24%) Salesforce.com
11 25 (2.07%) IBM
12 22 (1.82%) Cloudera
12 22 (1.82%) Zend
13 19 (1.57%) Hortonworks
14 17 (1.41%) Vermilion
15 16 (1.33%) Databricks
15 16 (1.33%) MuleSoft
15 16 (1.33%) Teradata
15 16 (1.33%) TIBCO
16 15 (1.24%) MicroStrategy