Period
to 20 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
20 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 117 105 103
Rank change year-on-year -12 -2 +22
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,856 2,219 1,966
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.12% 2.39% 2.29%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.48% 10.68% 10.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,229 1,527 1,270
England median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% +4.05%
10th Percentile £362 £335 £305
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £450
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 15 13
England median hourly rate £29.99 £40.50 £17.43
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.95% +132.36% -58.00%
10th Percentile £17.11 £29.60 £10.50
90th Percentile £61.13 £72.55 £34.75
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £40.50 £32.50
% change year-on-year -13.58% +24.62% -21.69%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 19,570 20,786 19,358
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.34% 22.43% 22.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,580 14,545 13,044
England median daily rate £488 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £470 £438
% change year-on-year +1.06% +7.43% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 229 223 222
England median hourly rate £35.00 £32.50 £28.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% +15.04% +8.65%
10th Percentile £14.49 £14.63 £9.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £47.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £34.00 £28.25
% change year-on-year +2.94% +20.35% +12.01%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 20 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -17 1,024 £549 +0.73% 65
South East -47 275 £453 -7.18% 19
North of England -1 192 £481 +20.31% 18
Midlands +13 152 £450 +9.76% 11
South West -6 122 £475 +11.76% 11
Yorkshire +26 102 £500 +17.65% 3
West Midlands -3 91 £450 +5.88% 5
East of England +18 86 £450 +5.88% 12
North West -29 67 £425 +16.84% 14
East Midlands +23 61 £413 +24.06% 6
North East -3 23 £475 - 1
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 20 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 910 (49.03%) Agile Software Development
2 793 (42.73%) SQL
3 772 (41.59%) Java
4 671 (36.15%) RDBMS
5 520 (28.02%) SQL Server
6 460 (24.78%) Oracle
7 452 (24.35%) Linux
8 435 (23.44%) Git (software)
9 404 (21.77%) TDD
10 387 (20.85%) JavaScript
11 374 (20.15%) Python
12 373 (20.10%) HTML
13 347 (18.70%) Finance
14 345 (18.59%) Test Automation
15 339 (18.27%) Scrum
16 334 (18.00%) Continuous Integration
17 325 (17.51%) Spring
17 325 (17.51%) DevOps
18 322 (17.35%) Amazon AWS
19 317 (17.08%) REST
20 316 (17.03%) NoSQL
21 308 (16.59%) Microservices
22 303 (16.33%) MySQL
23 301 (16.22%) Unix
24 291 (15.68%) Jenkins
25 275 (14.82%) CSS
25 275 (14.82%) Web Services
26 255 (13.74%) Problem-Solving
27 254 (13.69%) Microsoft
28 249 (13.42%) JSON

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (7.11%) Confluence
2 130 (7.00%) Apache Spark
3 94 (5.06%) Apache
4 46 (2.48%) WebSphere
5 40 (2.16%) Elasticsearch
5 40 (2.16%) SAS
6 39 (2.10%) Tomcat
7 35 (1.89%) JBoss
7 35 (1.89%) WebLogic
8 31 (1.67%) CMS
8 31 (1.67%) SharePoint
9 23 (1.24%) Documentum
9 23 (1.24%) Mule
10 22 (1.19%) GlassFish
11 19 (1.02%) nginx
11 19 (1.02%) WildFly
12 18 (0.97%) WebSphere Application Server
13 17 (0.92%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 17 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
13 17 (0.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 110 (5.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 30 (1.62%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (0.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.59%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
6 5 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.16%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.11%) GIMP
9 1 (0.054%) SPSS
9 1 (0.054%) Stata
Business Applications
1 19 (1.02%) Teamcenter
2 17 (0.92%) Oracle EBS
3 16 (0.86%) Oracle Applications
3 16 (0.86%) Oracle EBS R12
4 15 (0.81%) SAP ERP
4 15 (0.81%) SAP Hybris
5 6 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.27%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 5 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.22%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.22%) Loan IQ
7 4 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
8 3 (0.16%) Infor M3
8 3 (0.16%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle 11i
8 3 (0.16%) SAP R/3
9 2 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
9 2 (0.11%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 322 (17.35%) Amazon AWS
2 210 (11.31%) Microsoft Azure
3 66 (3.56%) Amazon S3
4 57 (3.07%) Google Cloud Platform
5 53 (2.86%) Amazon EC2
6 42 (2.26%) OpenShift
7 38 (2.05%) Amazon EMR
7 38 (2.05%) Serverless
8 36 (1.94%) AWS CloudFormation
9 34 (1.83%) AWS Lambda
10 33 (1.78%) PaaS
11 31 (1.67%) Amazon SQS
12 26 (1.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 23 (1.24%) Amazon Glacier
14 21 (1.13%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 21 (1.13%) AWS CloudTrail
14 21 (1.13%) GitHub
15 19 (1.02%) npm
15 19 (1.02%) SaaS
16 18 (0.97%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 225 (12.12%) HTTP
2 92 (4.96%) TCP/IP
3 77 (4.15%) FTP
4 75 (4.04%) DNS
4 75 (4.04%) SSL
5 60 (3.23%) DHCP
6 58 (3.13%) IPsec
7 40 (2.16%) Internet
8 14 (0.75%) VPN
9 13 (0.70%) LAN
10 10 (0.54%) Firewall
10 10 (0.54%) WAN
11 7 (0.38%) Kerberos
12 6 (0.32%) Intranet
12 6 (0.32%) MPLS
12 6 (0.32%) SNMP
13 5 (0.27%) AMQP
13 5 (0.27%) HTTPS
13 5 (0.27%) SAN
13 5 (0.27%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 671 (36.15%) RDBMS
2 520 (28.02%) SQL Server
3 316 (17.03%) NoSQL
4 303 (16.33%) MySQL
5 242 (13.04%) MongoDB
6 237 (12.77%) Data Warehouse
7 212 (11.42%) Big Data
8 154 (8.30%) Hadoop
9 150 (8.08%) PostgreSQL
10 135 (7.27%) Oracle Database
11 102 (5.50%) Power BI
12 85 (4.58%) Apache Hive
13 82 (4.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 77 (4.15%) Apache Cassandra
15 58 (3.13%) Data Lake
16 57 (3.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 55 (2.96%) Oracle Database 11g
18 52 (2.80%) Neo4j
19 44 (2.37%) Amazon Redshift
20 43 (2.32%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 435 (23.44%) Git (software)
2 291 (15.68%) Jenkins
3 186 (10.02%) JIRA
4 180 (9.70%) Subversion
5 170 (9.16%) Maven
6 140 (7.54%) JUnit
7 84 (4.53%) Mockito
8 76 (4.09%) Cucumber
9 61 (3.29%) Selenium
10 58 (3.13%) Hudson
11 55 (2.96%) Travis CI
12 47 (2.53%) Visual Studio Team System
13 44 (2.37%) SonarQube
14 33 (1.78%) Jasmine
15 31 (1.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 31 (1.67%) Bitbucket
15 31 (1.67%) Visual Studio
16 30 (1.62%) TeamCity
17 28 (1.51%) Ant
17 28 (1.51%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 347 (18.70%) Finance
2 193 (10.40%) Banking
3 108 (5.82%) Investment Banking
4 72 (3.88%) Front Office
5 67 (3.61%) Marketing
6 55 (2.96%) Retail
7 28 (1.51%) Manufacturing
8 25 (1.35%) Telecoms
9 21 (1.13%) Games
10 20 (1.08%) Financial Institution
10 20 (1.08%) Legal
11 16 (0.86%) Electronics
11 16 (0.86%) Law
12 15 (0.81%) Publishing
13 14 (0.75%) Back Office
14 10 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
15 9 (0.48%) Advertising
16 7 (0.38%) Billing
17 6 (0.32%) Multimedia
17 6 (0.32%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 1,017 (54.80%) Developer
2 344 (18.53%) Java Developer
3 154 (8.30%) Analyst
4 135 (7.27%) Architect
5 111 (5.98%) Senior Developer
6 109 (5.87%) Full Stack Developer
7 96 (5.17%) DevOps Engineer
8 77 (4.15%) Data Engineer
9 73 (3.93%) Scala Developer
10 66 (3.56%) .NET Developer
11 64 (3.45%) Agile Developer
11 64 (3.45%) Consultant
12 63 (3.39%) DBA
13 62 (3.34%) Data Analyst
14 58 (3.13%) Angular Developer
14 58 (3.13%) Python Developer
15 55 (2.96%) C# Developer
16 52 (2.80%) SQL Developer
17 50 (2.69%) ETL Developer
17 50 (2.69%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 373 (20.10%) HTML
2 325 (17.51%) Spring
3 317 (17.08%) REST
4 275 (14.82%) CSS
4 275 (14.82%) Web Services
5 249 (13.42%) JSON
6 241 (12.98%) RESTful
7 240 (12.93%) XML
8 210 (11.31%) AngularJS
9 206 (11.10%) .NET
10 149 (8.03%) Node.js
11 143 (7.70%) HTML5
12 123 (6.63%) SOAP
13 104 (5.60%) J2EE
14 102 (5.50%) Kafka
14 102 (5.50%) Spring Boot
15 101 (5.44%) React
16 98 (5.28%) Hibernate
17 93 (5.01%) Middleware
18 92 (4.96%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 236 (12.72%) Analytical Skills
2 98 (5.28%) Data Structures
3 82 (4.42%) Algorithms
4 59 (3.18%) Management Information System
5 45 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
6 43 (2.32%) Self-Motivation
7 34 (1.83%) Clustering
7 34 (1.83%) Greenfield Project
8 30 (1.62%) Fintech
9 28 (1.51%) Mobile App
9 28 (1.51%) User Experience
10 27 (1.45%) Replication
11 25 (1.35%) Fixed Income
11 25 (1.35%) Virtual Team
12 24 (1.29%) Cloud Native
13 23 (1.24%) Public Cloud
14 22 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
15 21 (1.13%) Fat Client
15 21 (1.13%) Thin Client
16 18 (0.97%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 452 (24.35%) Linux
2 301 (16.22%) Unix
3 158 (8.51%) Windows
4 60 (3.23%) Mac OS X
5 40 (2.16%) AIX
6 28 (1.51%) Windows Server
7 25 (1.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 25 (1.35%) Solaris
8 20 (1.08%) Apple iOS
9 18 (0.97%) VMS
10 16 (0.86%) Android
11 15 (0.81%) Oracle Linux
12 9 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
13 6 (0.32%) CentOS
13 6 (0.32%) Mac OS
14 5 (0.27%) zOS
15 3 (0.16%) Windows 7
16 2 (0.11%) Debian
16 2 (0.11%) Ubuntu
16 2 (0.11%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 910 (49.03%) Agile Software Development
2 404 (21.77%) TDD
3 345 (18.59%) Test Automation
4 339 (18.27%) Scrum
5 334 (18.00%) Continuous Integration
6 325 (17.51%) DevOps
7 308 (16.59%) Microservices
8 255 (13.74%) Problem-Solving
9 240 (12.93%) OO
10 238 (12.82%) Business Intelligence
11 237 (12.77%) Data Modelling
12 230 (12.39%) ETL
13 228 (12.28%) Open Source
14 219 (11.80%) BDD
15 195 (10.51%) MVC
16 185 (9.97%) Analytics
17 177 (9.54%) Configuration Management
18 162 (8.73%) SDLC
19 154 (8.30%) Software Engineering
20 146 (7.87%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 793 (42.73%) SQL
2 772 (41.59%) Java
3 387 (20.85%) JavaScript
4 374 (20.15%) Python
5 237 (12.77%) C#
6 171 (9.21%) Scala
7 138 (7.44%) Java 8
8 117 (6.30%) Ruby
9 93 (5.01%) Shell Script
10 90 (4.85%) PL/SQL
11 84 (4.53%) T-SQL
12 69 (3.72%) Perl
13 67 (3.61%) R
14 60 (3.23%) TypeScript
15 55 (2.96%) Bash Shell
16 44 (2.37%) PHP
17 41 (2.21%) C++
18 39 (2.10%) PowerShell
19 35 (1.89%) VBA
20 27 (1.45%) Go
Qualifications
1 161 (8.67%) Degree
2 133 (7.17%) Security Cleared
3 99 (5.33%) SC Cleared
4 53 (2.86%) BPSS Clearance
5 38 (2.05%) Computer Science Degree
6 32 (1.72%) Numerate Degree
7 23 (1.24%) Master's Degree
8 19 (1.02%) DV Cleared
9 16 (0.86%) Sun Certification
10 14 (0.75%) Microsoft Certification
11 13 (0.70%) CTC Cleared
12 10 (0.54%) Oracle Certification
12 10 (0.54%) PhD
13 9 (0.48%) DBS Check
14 8 (0.43%) ISTQB
14 8 (0.43%) MCP
15 7 (0.38%) ITIL Certification
15 7 (0.38%) OCP
15 7 (0.38%) OCPJP
16 6 (0.32%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (3.93%) Data Quality
1 73 (3.93%) QA
2 13 (0.70%) GDPR
3 9 (0.48%) Basel III
4 6 (0.32%) HL7
4 6 (0.32%) SLA
5 5 (0.27%) MiFID
5 5 (0.27%) PCI DSS
5 5 (0.27%) WCAG
6 4 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.22%) Dodd-Frank
6 4 (0.22%) EMIR
7 3 (0.16%) IFRS
7 3 (0.16%) IFRS 9
7 3 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.11%) SNOMED CT
9 1 (0.054%) COBIT
9 1 (0.054%) CRD IV
9 1 (0.054%) PMO
System Software
1 193 (10.40%) Docker
2 65 (3.50%) Active Directory
3 63 (3.39%) Virtual Machines
4 31 (1.67%) Oracle RAC
5 22 (1.19%) VMware Infrastructure
6 21 (1.13%) HDFS
7 7 (0.38%) Apache Flume
7 7 (0.38%) KVM
8 4 (0.22%) VirtualBox
9 3 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
9 3 (0.16%) vSphere
9 3 (0.16%) XenApp
9 3 (0.16%) XenDesktop
10 2 (0.11%) Forefront TMG
11 1 (0.054%) Job Entry Subsystem
11 1 (0.054%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.054%) Time Sharing Option
11 1 (0.054%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.054%) zsh
Systems Management
1 129 (6.95%) Kubernetes
2 109 (5.87%) Ansible
3 99 (5.33%) Opscode Chef
4 91 (4.90%) Puppet
5 37 (1.99%) Terraform
6 25 (1.35%) Single Sign-On
7 22 (1.19%) Oracle RMAN
8 18 (0.97%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 17 (0.92%) Control-M
9 17 (0.92%) Kibana
10 15 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
11 14 (0.75%) HP Quality Center
12 13 (0.70%) Hadoop YARN
13 10 (0.54%) Data Guard
14 9 (0.48%) Grafana
15 8 (0.43%) Prometheus
16 7 (0.38%) Graphite
16 7 (0.38%) HP ALM
16 7 (0.38%) SCCM
17 6 (0.32%) Nagios
Vendors
1 460 (24.78%) Oracle
2 254 (13.69%) Microsoft
3 108 (5.82%) Google
4 78 (4.20%) IBM
5 68 (3.66%) Informatica
6 66 (3.56%) SAP
7 63 (3.39%) Tableau
8 44 (2.37%) Atlassian
9 40 (2.16%) Sybase
10 36 (1.94%) VMware
11 33 (1.78%) Teradata
12 32 (1.72%) hybris
13 30 (1.62%) Adobe
14 29 (1.56%) MuleSoft
14 29 (1.56%) Red Hat
15 25 (1.35%) Databricks
16 24 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
17 23 (1.24%) Hortonworks
18 22 (1.19%) Talend
19 20 (1.08%) Cloudera