Period
to 7 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 7 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
7 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 142 143 107
Rank change year-on-year +1 -36 +1
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 683 1,638 2,304
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.85% 1.92% 2.42%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.41% 8.58% 10.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 492 1,082 1,538
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £350 £363 £350
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £480
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +7.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 37 20
Median hourly rate £35.00 £47.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.32% +14.46% +176.67%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £44.57 £41.50
% change year-on-year -21.46% +7.39% +106.78%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 8,124 19,096 21,700
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.96% 22.37% 22.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,410 13,246 15,246
Median daily rate £500 £483 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.63% +1.58% +5.56%
10th Percentile £330 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 168 234 223
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £33.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +4.48% +11.67%
10th Percentile £15.98 £14.58 £14.06
90th Percentile £53.30 £60.00 £55.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £33.50
% change year-on-year - +4.48% +11.67%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 7 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 427 £525 -4.55% 66
North of England +34 85 £500 +5.26% 38
South East +5 73 £425 -5.56% 27
North West +67 65 £525 +21.11% 17
East of England +41 41 £513 +13.89% 11
South West +19 30 £481 +6.94% 9
Midlands +20 24 £450 +12.43% 16
Yorkshire +22 15 £375 -25.00% 17
East Midlands +14 14 £425 +6.25% 10
West Midlands +29 10 £550 +29.41% 5
North East +27 6 £430 -9.47% 4
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 7 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 339 (49.63%) SQL
2 260 (38.07%) Java
3 245 (35.87%) Agile Software Development
4 219 (32.06%) Oracle
5 202 (29.58%) RDBMS
6 190 (27.82%) AWS
7 186 (27.23%) Python
8 177 (25.92%) SQL Server
8 177 (25.92%) Finance
9 136 (19.91%) JavaScript
10 131 (19.18%) Git (software)
11 120 (17.57%) Linux
11 120 (17.57%) Web Services
12 119 (17.42%) MySQL
13 117 (17.13%) Microservices
14 116 (16.98%) Azure
15 114 (16.69%) ETL
16 112 (16.40%) Data Modelling
17 104 (15.23%) Banking
18 103 (15.08%) HTML
19 99 (14.49%) Spring
19 99 (14.49%) NoSQL
20 98 (14.35%) Test Automation
20 98 (14.35%) Software Engineering
21 97 (14.20%) Scrum
22 96 (14.06%) Unix
23 95 (13.91%) Analytical Skills
23 95 (13.91%) Analytics
24 94 (13.76%) TDD
25 93 (13.62%) Docker

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (5.86%) Apache Spark
2 31 (4.54%) Confluence
3 18 (2.64%) Mule
4 14 (2.05%) Camunda
5 13 (1.90%) Apache
5 13 (1.90%) IIS
5 13 (1.90%) Tomcat
6 11 (1.61%) SharePoint
7 10 (1.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 10 (1.46%) WebLogic
8 9 (1.32%) SAS
8 9 (1.32%) WebSphere
9 8 (1.17%) Elasticsearch
9 8 (1.17%) JBoss
10 6 (0.88%) Cloud Foundry
11 5 (0.73%) ArcGIS
11 5 (0.73%) GlassFish
11 5 (0.73%) WebSphere Application Server
12 4 (0.59%) CMS
12 4 (0.59%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 53 (7.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (2.93%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (2.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.88%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.59%) Chatbot
5 4 (0.59%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.44%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.29%) Zeplin
8 1 (0.15%) Camtasia
8 1 (0.15%) MadCap Flare
8 1 (0.15%) SPSS
8 1 (0.15%) Stata
Business Applications
1 8 (1.17%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (1.02%) FINCAD Analytics
3 4 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.59%) Magento
4 3 (0.44%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.29%) Hyperion Planning
5 2 (0.29%) Oracle 11i
5 2 (0.29%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.15%) Endur
6 1 (0.15%) iTrent
6 1 (0.15%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.15%) Maximo
6 1 (0.15%) Northgate Housing
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.15%) Primavera
6 1 (0.15%) ResourceLink
6 1 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.15%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 190 (27.82%) AWS
2 116 (16.98%) Azure
3 46 (6.73%) GCP
4 33 (4.83%) Power Platform
5 32 (4.69%) Serverless
6 24 (3.51%) AWS Lambda
7 18 (2.64%) Amazon S3
8 17 (2.49%) Coveralls
9 14 (2.05%) AWS CloudFormation
9 14 (2.05%) PaaS
10 12 (1.76%) GitHub
10 12 (1.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 11 (1.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 11 (1.61%) Amazon EC2
11 11 (1.61%) AWS CloudTrail
11 11 (1.61%) OpenShift
12 10 (1.46%) AWS Step Functions
13 9 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
13 9 (1.32%) SaaS
14 8 (1.17%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 51 (7.47%) HTTP
2 21 (3.07%) DNS
3 12 (1.76%) RTMP
3 12 (1.76%) TCP/IP
4 11 (1.61%) SSL
5 10 (1.46%) FTP
6 9 (1.32%) Firewall
7 6 (0.88%) Internet
8 4 (0.59%) VPN
9 3 (0.44%) LAN
10 2 (0.29%) DSL
10 2 (0.29%) HTTPS
10 2 (0.29%) Intrusion Detection
10 2 (0.29%) IPsec
10 2 (0.29%) Multicast
10 2 (0.29%) SMTP
10 2 (0.29%) tcpdump
10 2 (0.29%) WAN
10 2 (0.29%) Wireshark
11 1 (0.15%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 202 (29.58%) RDBMS
2 177 (25.92%) SQL Server
3 119 (17.42%) MySQL
4 99 (14.49%) NoSQL
5 82 (12.01%) Data Warehouse
5 82 (12.01%) MongoDB
6 76 (11.13%) Big Data
7 67 (9.81%) PostgreSQL
8 48 (7.03%) Amazon RDS
9 45 (6.59%) Hadoop
9 45 (6.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 43 (6.30%) Oracle Database
11 42 (6.15%) Amazon Aurora
12 37 (5.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 35 (5.12%) Redis
14 31 (4.54%) Power BI
15 30 (4.39%) Apache Cassandra
16 27 (3.95%) Pentaho
17 23 (3.37%) MS Access
18 22 (3.22%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 131 (19.18%) Git (software)
2 74 (10.83%) Jenkins
3 70 (10.25%) JIRA
4 59 (8.64%) Maven
5 45 (6.59%) JUnit
6 31 (4.54%) Gradle
7 27 (3.95%) TeamCity
8 24 (3.51%) Subversion
9 22 (3.22%) Team Foundation Server
10 21 (3.07%) Cucumber
11 17 (2.49%) Ant
11 17 (2.49%) Bitbucket Server
11 17 (2.49%) SonarQube
11 17 (2.49%) Visual Studio
12 11 (1.61%) Mockito
12 11 (1.61%) Selenium
12 11 (1.61%) Visual Studio Team System
13 10 (1.46%) GitLab
14 9 (1.32%) Sonatype Nexus
15 8 (1.17%) NUnit
General
1 177 (25.92%) Finance
2 104 (15.23%) Banking
3 56 (8.20%) Investment Banking
4 51 (7.47%) Front Office
5 47 (6.88%) Public Sector
6 16 (2.34%) Marketing
7 12 (1.76%) Back Office
8 11 (1.61%) Retail
9 7 (1.02%) Games
9 7 (1.02%) Telecoms
10 6 (0.88%) Manufacturing
11 5 (0.73%) Pharmaceutical
12 4 (0.59%) Advertising
12 4 (0.59%) Electronics
12 4 (0.59%) Law
12 4 (0.59%) Legal
12 4 (0.59%) Local Government
13 3 (0.44%) Automotive
13 3 (0.44%) Housing Association
13 3 (0.44%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 384 (56.22%) Developer
2 140 (20.50%) Java Developer
3 73 (10.69%) Analyst
4 56 (8.20%) AWS Engineer
5 49 (7.17%) Data Engineer
6 47 (6.88%) Senior Developer
7 44 (6.44%) Architect
7 44 (6.44%) AWS Developer
8 43 (6.30%) Python Developer
9 42 (6.15%) Software Engineer
9 42 (6.15%) SQL Developer
10 37 (5.42%) Java Engineer
11 35 (5.12%) Data Analyst
12 33 (4.83%) AWS Software Engineer
13 31 (4.54%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 30 (4.39%) Java Software Engineer
15 27 (3.95%) C# Developer
16 26 (3.81%) DBA
16 26 (3.81%) Java Software Developer
17 19 (2.78%) Pentaho Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (17.57%) Web Services
2 103 (15.08%) HTML
3 99 (14.49%) Spring
4 79 (11.57%) CSS
5 78 (11.42%) XML
6 70 (10.25%) REST
7 66 (9.66%) .NET
8 55 (8.05%) React
9 53 (7.76%) RESTful
10 50 (7.32%) AngularJS
11 48 (7.03%) HTML5
12 42 (6.15%) gRPC
12 42 (6.15%) Spring Boot
13 38 (5.56%) JSON
14 36 (5.27%) Middleware
15 34 (4.98%) jQuery
15 34 (4.98%) Protocol Buffers
16 32 (4.69%) Apache Camel
16 32 (4.69%) Node.js
17 31 (4.54%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 95 (13.91%) Analytical Skills
2 34 (4.98%) Data Structures
3 32 (4.69%) Fixed Income
4 30 (4.39%) Reference Data
5 24 (3.51%) Management Information System
6 21 (3.07%) Cloud Native
6 21 (3.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 18 (2.64%) Enterprise Software
7 18 (2.64%) Self-Motivation
8 16 (2.34%) User Experience
9 15 (2.20%) Algorithms
9 15 (2.20%) Derivative
9 15 (2.20%) Mobile App
10 14 (2.05%) Semantic Web
11 12 (1.76%) Hedge funds
12 11 (1.61%) Client/Server
12 11 (1.61%) Greenfield Project
12 11 (1.61%) Market Risk
13 9 (1.32%) Pricing Data
13 9 (1.32%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 120 (17.57%) Linux
2 96 (14.06%) Unix
3 63 (9.22%) Windows
4 19 (2.78%) Windows Server
5 16 (2.34%) Solaris
6 8 (1.17%) Mac OS X
7 6 (0.88%) Android
7 6 (0.88%) Apple iOS
8 4 (0.59%) AIX
8 4 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.44%) HPUX
9 3 (0.44%) VME
9 3 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
9 3 (0.44%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.29%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.29%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 245 (35.87%) Agile Software Development
2 117 (17.13%) Microservices
3 114 (16.69%) ETL
4 112 (16.40%) Data Modelling
5 98 (14.35%) Software Engineering
5 98 (14.35%) Test Automation
6 97 (14.20%) Scrum
7 95 (13.91%) Analytics
8 94 (13.76%) TDD
9 93 (13.62%) DevOps
10 89 (13.03%) Business Intelligence
10 89 (13.03%) Continuous Integration
11 81 (11.86%) OO
12 70 (10.25%) Migration
12 70 (10.25%) Problem-Solving
13 69 (10.10%) SDLC
14 62 (9.08%) Unit Testing
15 51 (7.47%) Data Analysis
16 47 (6.88%) Asset Management
17 44 (6.44%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 339 (49.63%) SQL
2 260 (38.07%) Java
3 186 (27.23%) Python
4 136 (19.91%) JavaScript
5 74 (10.83%) C#
6 53 (7.76%) Java 8
7 37 (5.42%) Scala
8 36 (5.27%) R
9 34 (4.98%) Bash Shell
10 30 (4.39%) PowerShell
11 25 (3.66%) PHP
11 25 (3.66%) T-SQL
12 23 (3.37%) PL/SQL
12 23 (3.37%) Shell Script
13 22 (3.22%) TypeScript
14 18 (2.64%) Perl
15 17 (2.49%) C++
15 17 (2.49%) VBA
16 14 (2.05%) Ruby
16 14 (2.05%) VB
Qualifications
1 78 (11.42%) Security Cleared
2 69 (10.10%) SC Cleared
3 67 (9.81%) Degree
4 19 (2.78%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (2.34%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (1.17%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.73%) ISTQB
8 4 (0.59%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (0.44%) CEH
9 3 (0.44%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.44%) DV Cleared
10 2 (0.29%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.29%) BC Cleared
10 2 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.29%) CREST Certified
10 2 (0.29%) GIAC
10 2 (0.29%) ISEB
10 2 (0.29%) PhD
10 2 (0.29%) Postgraduate
10 2 (0.29%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (11.57%) QA
2 58 (8.49%) Data Quality
3 13 (1.90%) GDPR
4 10 (1.46%) IFRS
5 9 (1.32%) Solvency II
6 8 (1.17%) SLA
7 4 (0.59%) MiFID
8 3 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.15%) COBIT
9 1 (0.15%) COSO
9 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
9 1 (0.15%) Good Clinical Practice
9 1 (0.15%) HL7
9 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.15%) NIST
9 1 (0.15%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 93 (13.62%) Docker
2 11 (1.61%) Active Directory
2 11 (1.61%) HDFS
3 8 (1.17%) Apache Flume
3 8 (1.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (1.02%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.59%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.44%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 2 (0.29%) Oracle Clusterware
7 2 (0.29%) Snort
8 1 (0.15%) LXC
8 1 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 69 (10.10%) Kubernetes
2 39 (5.71%) Terraform
3 29 (4.25%) Opscode Chef
4 24 (3.51%) Puppet
5 17 (2.49%) Ansible
6 10 (1.46%) Data Guard
7 8 (1.17%) Single Sign-On
8 4 (0.59%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 3 (0.44%) Control-M
9 3 (0.44%) HP ALM
9 3 (0.44%) Kibana
10 2 (0.29%) Network Intrusion Detection System
10 2 (0.29%) Oracle RMAN
10 2 (0.29%) Uchiwa
11 1 (0.15%) EMC NetWorker
11 1 (0.15%) HP Quality Center
11 1 (0.15%) Mesos
11 1 (0.15%) Oozie
11 1 (0.15%) Tivoli
11 1 (0.15%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 219 (32.06%) Oracle
2 82 (12.01%) Microsoft
3 45 (6.59%) Sybase
4 34 (4.98%) Google
5 25 (3.66%) SAP
6 19 (2.78%) Cloudera
7 18 (2.64%) Talend
8 16 (2.34%) IBM
8 16 (2.34%) Informatica
9 14 (2.05%) Tableau
10 12 (1.76%) Atlassian
10 12 (1.76%) Salesforce.com
11 11 (1.61%) Databricks
12 10 (1.46%) ServiceNow
12 10 (1.46%) Splunk
13 8 (1.17%) MicroStrategy
13 8 (1.17%) Sun
13 8 (1.17%) VMware
14 7 (1.02%) Hortonworks
14 7 (1.02%) Teradata