Period
to 19 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 19 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
19 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 107 105 137
Rank change year-on-year -2 +32 -21
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2,283 2,074 1,914
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.45% 2.33% 1.91%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.65% 10.32% 8.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,495 1,314 1,277
England median daily rate £500 £450 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +1.12% +4.71%
10th Percentile £340 £313 £312
90th Percentile £650 £625 £593
UK median daily rate £480 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +6.67% +2.86% +5.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 12 23
England median hourly rate £40.50 £20.74 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +95.25% -42.38% -10.00%
10th Percentile £17.40 £11.17 £16.85
90th Percentile £51.50 £35.00 £43.00
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £23.81 £36.00
% change year-on-year +70.08% -33.85% -10.00%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 21,440 20,102 22,396
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.97% 22.61% 22.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,105 13,517 15,196
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 225 230 333
England median hourly rate £30.00 £30.00 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +9.62%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.18 £12.00
90th Percentile £52.65 £52.50 £49.90
UK median hourly rate £28.75 £31.00 £28.50
% change year-on-year -7.26% +8.77% +3.64%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 19 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 19 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 1,332 £543 +8.50% 262
South East -3 408 £475 +9.20% 110
North of England -48 207 £400 -5.88% 92
Midlands +36 172 £425 +6.25% 66
North West -1 104 £390 +0.65% 66
West Midlands +26 95 £440 +3.53% 37
Yorkshire -39 92 £425 - 18
South West -16 84 £400 -5.88% 54
East Midlands +7 75 £400 +2.56% 29
East of England -54 74 £425 -2.30% 67
North East -23 11 £400 -5.88% 8
South Coast - 2 - -
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 19 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,091 (47.79%) Agile Software Development
2 995 (43.58%) Java
3 983 (43.06%) SQL
4 739 (32.37%) RDBMS
5 648 (28.38%) Git (software)
6 643 (28.16%) JavaScript
7 624 (27.33%) Oracle
8 616 (26.98%) Linux
9 568 (24.88%) SQL Server
10 523 (22.91%) HTML
11 494 (21.64%) REST
12 491 (21.51%) Unix
13 485 (21.24%) Finance
13 485 (21.24%) Python
14 458 (20.06%) TDD
15 442 (19.36%) Spring
16 429 (18.79%) NoSQL
17 421 (18.44%) Web Services
18 417 (18.27%) CSS
19 406 (17.78%) Continuous Integration
20 381 (16.69%) OO
21 379 (16.60%) Jenkins
22 362 (15.86%) Test Automation
23 352 (15.42%) MySQL
24 345 (15.11%) Scrum
25 340 (14.89%) Problem-Solving
26 338 (14.81%) Microservices
27 330 (14.45%) Amazon AWS
28 306 (13.40%) C#
29 301 (13.18%) XML

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 173 (7.58%) Apache Spark
2 158 (6.92%) Confluence
3 133 (5.83%) Apache
4 81 (3.55%) Elasticsearch
5 77 (3.37%) WebSphere
6 55 (2.41%) WildFly
7 51 (2.23%) JBoss
8 47 (2.06%) CMS
8 47 (2.06%) Mule
9 39 (1.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 37 (1.62%) SAS
11 34 (1.49%) Apache Solr
11 34 (1.49%) IIS
11 34 (1.49%) SharePoint
12 32 (1.40%) WebLogic
13 26 (1.14%) Tomcat
14 21 (0.92%) Oracle Workflow
15 20 (0.88%) Cloud Foundry
15 20 (0.88%) Jetty
16 18 (0.79%) GlassFish
Applications
1 93 (4.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (1.80%) Microsoft Office
3 17 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.53%) Photoshop
5 10 (0.44%) MS Visio
6 4 (0.18%) HipChat
7 3 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.088%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.088%) SPSS
8 2 (0.088%) Stata
9 1 (0.044%) InfoPath
9 1 (0.044%) InVision
9 1 (0.044%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 11 (0.48%) Magento
2 10 (0.44%) ION MarketView
2 10 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
3 9 (0.39%) Adobe Campaign
3 9 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
4 7 (0.31%) SunGard Martini
5 5 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.22%) Oracle Assets
5 5 (0.22%) Oracle Cash Management
5 5 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
5 5 (0.22%) Oracle iProcurement
5 5 (0.22%) Oracle Payables
5 5 (0.22%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 5 (0.22%) Oracle Receivables
5 5 (0.22%) Oracle TCA
6 4 (0.18%) Bloomberg AIM
7 3 (0.13%) HFM
7 3 (0.13%) Markit EDM
7 3 (0.13%) PolarLake
7 3 (0.13%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 330 (14.45%) Amazon AWS
2 239 (10.47%) Microsoft Azure
3 57 (2.50%) Amazon S3
4 47 (2.06%) GitHub
5 46 (2.01%) Amazon EC2
6 45 (1.97%) Google Cloud Platform
7 39 (1.71%) Amazon EMR
8 38 (1.66%) PaaS
9 37 (1.62%) Serverless
10 34 (1.49%) Azure Data Factory
11 32 (1.40%) SaaS
12 24 (1.05%) OpenShift
13 22 (0.96%) AWS Lambda
13 22 (0.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 21 (0.92%) Amazon Glacier
15 20 (0.88%) IaaS
16 19 (0.83%) npm
17 17 (0.74%) Data Lake Analytics
18 15 (0.66%) Amazon SQS
18 15 (0.66%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 205 (8.98%) HTTP
2 63 (2.76%) TCP/IP
3 44 (1.93%) FTP
3 44 (1.93%) SSL
4 40 (1.75%) DNS
5 29 (1.27%) Internet
6 25 (1.10%) DHCP
6 25 (1.10%) IPsec
7 20 (0.88%) Kerberos
7 20 (0.88%) VPN
8 14 (0.61%) AMQP
9 13 (0.57%) Firewall
10 11 (0.48%) SMS
11 9 (0.39%) SMTP
12 6 (0.26%) DVB
12 6 (0.26%) RTMP
13 5 (0.22%) SAN
14 4 (0.18%) DSL
15 3 (0.13%) IMAP
15 3 (0.13%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 739 (32.37%) RDBMS
2 568 (24.88%) SQL Server
3 429 (18.79%) NoSQL
4 352 (15.42%) MySQL
5 255 (11.17%) PostgreSQL
6 237 (10.38%) Big Data
7 231 (10.12%) Data Warehouse
8 222 (9.72%) MongoDB
9 205 (8.98%) Hadoop
10 137 (6.00%) Redis
11 119 (5.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 107 (4.69%) Oracle Database
13 92 (4.03%) HBase
14 90 (3.94%) Power BI
15 89 (3.90%) Apache Hive
16 78 (3.42%) DB2
17 76 (3.33%) Apache Cassandra
18 64 (2.80%) Data Lake
19 60 (2.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 58 (2.54%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 648 (28.38%) Git (software)
2 379 (16.60%) Jenkins
3 224 (9.81%) Subversion
4 216 (9.46%) JIRA
5 215 (9.42%) Maven
6 194 (8.50%) JUnit
7 116 (5.08%) Mockito
8 87 (3.81%) SonarQube
9 86 (3.77%) Cucumber
10 79 (3.46%) Visual Studio
11 75 (3.29%) Visual Studio Team System
12 67 (2.93%) Selenium
13 65 (2.85%) Hudson
14 63 (2.76%) Checkstyle
15 60 (2.63%) Liquibase
16 58 (2.54%) Team Foundation Server
17 52 (2.28%) TeamCity
18 51 (2.23%) Vagrant
19 47 (2.06%) NUnit
20 43 (1.88%) Gradle
General
1 485 (21.24%) Finance
2 244 (10.69%) Banking
3 161 (7.05%) Front Office
4 146 (6.40%) Investment Banking
5 106 (4.64%) Retail
6 55 (2.41%) Marketing
7 33 (1.45%) Telecoms
8 29 (1.27%) Back Office
8 29 (1.27%) Publishing
9 27 (1.18%) Financial Institution
10 26 (1.14%) Advertising
10 26 (1.14%) Games
11 19 (0.83%) Law
12 18 (0.79%) Manufacturing
13 13 (0.57%) Billing
14 11 (0.48%) Legal
15 9 (0.39%) Electronics
15 9 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
16 8 (0.35%) General Ledger
17 6 (0.26%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 1,403 (61.45%) Developer
2 487 (21.33%) Java Developer
3 179 (7.84%) Analyst
4 167 (7.31%) Senior Developer
5 164 (7.18%) Architect
6 150 (6.57%) Python Developer
7 130 (5.69%) .NET Developer
8 90 (3.94%) Data Engineer
9 88 (3.85%) Full Stack Developer
10 87 (3.81%) Senior Java Developer
11 85 (3.72%) Django Developer
11 85 (3.72%) Python/Django Developer
12 78 (3.42%) Lead Developer
13 77 (3.37%) DevOps Engineer
13 77 (3.37%) SQL Developer
14 74 (3.24%) C# Developer
15 71 (3.11%) Software Engineer
16 60 (2.63%) Angular Developer
17 59 (2.58%) Big Data Engineer
17 59 (2.58%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 523 (22.91%) HTML
2 494 (21.64%) REST
3 442 (19.36%) Spring
4 421 (18.44%) Web Services
5 417 (18.27%) CSS
6 301 (13.18%) XML
7 290 (12.70%) RESTful
8 280 (12.26%) .NET
9 258 (11.30%) AngularJS
10 236 (10.34%) Hibernate
11 231 (10.12%) JSON
12 172 (7.53%) JMS
13 151 (6.61%) J2EE
14 143 (6.26%) Java EE
15 142 (6.22%) Spring Boot
16 140 (6.13%) Django
16 140 (6.13%) HTML5
17 138 (6.04%) Kafka
17 138 (6.04%) Node.js
18 130 (5.69%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 271 (11.87%) Analytical Skills
2 100 (4.38%) Algorithms
3 88 (3.85%) Fixed Income
4 87 (3.81%) Computer Science
5 83 (3.64%) Enterprise Software
6 81 (3.55%) Derivative
6 81 (3.55%) Linux Command Line
7 78 (3.42%) Data Structures
8 62 (2.72%) Greenfield Project
9 57 (2.50%) Management Information System
10 52 (2.28%) User Experience
11 50 (2.19%) Fintech
12 46 (2.01%) Equity Derivative
13 39 (1.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 30 (1.31%) Equities
15 29 (1.27%) Hedge funds
15 29 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
16 25 (1.10%) Interest Rate Derivative
17 24 (1.05%) HoloLens
18 23 (1.01%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 616 (26.98%) Linux
2 491 (21.51%) Unix
3 180 (7.88%) Windows
4 55 (2.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 47 (2.06%) VMS
6 42 (1.84%) Mac OS X
7 32 (1.40%) Windows Server
8 29 (1.27%) Apple iOS
9 15 (0.66%) AIX
9 15 (0.66%) Android
10 13 (0.57%) Solaris
11 12 (0.53%) Ubuntu
12 11 (0.48%) CentOS
13 6 (0.26%) Windows 7
13 6 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
14 5 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.18%) HPUX
15 4 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
16 3 (0.13%) Amazon Linux
16 3 (0.13%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,091 (47.79%) Agile Software Development
2 458 (20.06%) TDD
3 406 (17.78%) Continuous Integration
4 381 (16.69%) OO
5 362 (15.86%) Test Automation
6 345 (15.11%) Scrum
7 340 (14.89%) Problem-Solving
8 338 (14.81%) Microservices
9 279 (12.22%) Open Source
10 268 (11.74%) SDLC
11 263 (11.52%) DevOps
12 250 (10.95%) BDD
13 243 (10.64%) Analytics
14 242 (10.60%) MVC
15 227 (9.94%) ETL
16 220 (9.64%) Business Intelligence
16 220 (9.64%) Data Modelling
17 216 (9.46%) Web Development
18 166 (7.27%) Workflow
19 165 (7.23%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 995 (43.58%) Java
2 983 (43.06%) SQL
3 643 (28.16%) JavaScript
4 485 (21.24%) Python
5 306 (13.40%) C#
6 223 (9.77%) Java 8
7 180 (7.88%) Scala
8 120 (5.26%) Shell Script
9 106 (4.64%) PHP
10 97 (4.25%) Ruby
11 90 (3.94%) T-SQL
12 89 (3.90%) Perl
13 81 (3.55%) C++
13 81 (3.55%) PL/SQL
14 67 (2.93%) Bash Shell
15 60 (2.63%) JPQL
16 57 (2.50%) TypeScript
17 55 (2.41%) C
17 55 (2.41%) R
18 50 (2.19%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 226 (9.90%) Security Cleared
2 186 (8.15%) SC Cleared
3 176 (7.71%) Degree
4 52 (2.28%) BPSS Clearance
5 45 (1.97%) Computer Science Degree
6 19 (0.83%) Master's Degree
7 17 (0.74%) Numerate Degree
8 15 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (0.57%) Siebel Certification
10 12 (0.53%) DV Cleared
11 8 (0.35%) DBS Check
11 8 (0.35%) ISTQB
12 7 (0.31%) ISEB
12 7 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
13 5 (0.22%) MCSE
14 4 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
14 4 (0.18%) PhD
14 4 (0.18%) Postgraduate
14 4 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
15 3 (0.13%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 113 (4.95%) Data Quality
2 106 (4.64%) QA
3 18 (0.79%) GCP
3 18 (0.79%) SLA
4 14 (0.61%) GDPR
5 8 (0.35%) EMIR
5 8 (0.35%) MiFID
5 8 (0.35%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (0.22%) PMO
8 4 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
9 3 (0.13%) ISO 20022
9 3 (0.13%) Solvency II
9 3 (0.13%) WCAG
10 2 (0.088%) HL7
11 1 (0.044%) IFRS
11 1 (0.044%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 215 (9.42%) Docker
2 45 (1.97%) Active Directory
3 33 (1.45%) HDFS
4 32 (1.40%) Virtual Machines
5 18 (0.79%) Oracle RAC
6 17 (0.74%) Apache Flume
7 16 (0.70%) VMware Infrastructure
8 11 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 6 (0.26%) vSphere
10 4 (0.18%) etcd
10 4 (0.18%) vCloud
10 4 (0.18%) VMware Server
11 3 (0.13%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 3 (0.13%) Xen
12 2 (0.088%) KVM
12 2 (0.088%) VMware ESXi
13 1 (0.044%) LXC
13 1 (0.044%) Oracle Clusterware
13 1 (0.044%) oVirt
13 1 (0.044%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 119 (5.21%) Opscode Chef
2 100 (4.38%) Ansible
3 90 (3.94%) Puppet
4 69 (3.02%) Kubernetes
5 40 (1.75%) Terraform
6 31 (1.36%) Mesos
7 27 (1.18%) Single Sign-On
8 26 (1.14%) Marathon
9 17 (0.74%) Data Guard
9 17 (0.74%) Oozie
10 16 (0.70%) Kibana
11 14 (0.61%) Hadoop YARN
12 12 (0.53%) HP Quality Center
13 8 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
13 8 (0.35%) Oracle RMAN
13 8 (0.35%) Prometheus
14 7 (0.31%) logstash
15 6 (0.26%) Control-M
15 6 (0.26%) Rancher
15 6 (0.26%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 624 (27.33%) Oracle
2 232 (10.16%) Microsoft
3 107 (4.69%) Google
4 79 (3.46%) SAP
5 71 (3.11%) IBM
6 67 (2.93%) Sybase
7 59 (2.58%) Teradata
8 55 (2.41%) Tableau
9 54 (2.37%) Informatica
10 46 (2.01%) Talend
11 43 (1.88%) Salesforce.com
12 42 (1.84%) Atlassian
13 38 (1.66%) Red Hat
14 33 (1.45%) Hortonworks
15 32 (1.40%) Cloudera
16 31 (1.36%) Zend
17 30 (1.31%) Splunk
18 26 (1.14%) Siebel
18 26 (1.14%) TIBCO
19 24 (1.05%) VMware