Period
to 20 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 127 145 113
Rank change year-on-year +18 -32 +6
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 675 1,197 2,119
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.96% 1.82% 2.36%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.17% 8.48% 10.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 547 784 1,400
Median daily rate £517 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.40% - +3.09%
10th Percentile £356 £330 £338
90th Percentile £700 £650 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £495
% change year-on-year +5.26% -3.94% +4.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 18 15
Median hourly rate £55.00 £28.30 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +94.35% +17.92% -40.00%
10th Percentile £51.25 £15.81 £17.25
90th Percentile £58.00 £53.75 £49.50
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £28.30 £24.00
% change year-on-year +94.35% +17.92% -32.54%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 7,362 14,122 20,513
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.42% 21.47% 22.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,102 9,737 14,409
Median daily rate £488 £475 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% -1.04% +2.13%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £320
90th Percentile £668 £670 £650
UK median daily rate £480 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +1.05% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 128 194 201
Median hourly rate £25.57 £26.50 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.51% -7.02% -5.00%
10th Percentile £13.06 £12.75 £14.38
90th Percentile £61.40 £58.90 £55.00
Median hourly rate £26.00 £26.00 £26.65
% change year-on-year - -2.44% -10.42%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 20 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +13 411 £575 +4.55% 125
North of England +42 75 £450 +5.88% 34
North West +59 63 £450 +8.43% 18
South East +7 61 £500 +17.65% 34
Midlands +29 40 £425 - 20
East of England +28 31 £463 +5.71% 25
West Midlands +37 30 £425 -1.16% 12
South West +39 18 £500 +14.29% 22
Yorkshire +12 11 £450 -10.00% 11
East Midlands +7 6 £377 -11.41% 8
North East +20 1 - - 5
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 20 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 293 (43.41%) SQL
2 274 (40.59%) Java
3 263 (38.96%) Agile Software Development
4 201 (29.78%) AWS
5 198 (29.33%) Linux
6 192 (28.44%) RDBMS
7 181 (26.81%) Oracle
8 166 (24.59%) Finance
8 166 (24.59%) Spring
9 161 (23.85%) SQL Server
10 158 (23.41%) Python
11 139 (20.59%) Microservices
12 133 (19.70%) Jenkins
13 131 (19.41%) Azure
13 131 (19.41%) Banking
14 129 (19.11%) ETL
15 128 (18.96%) Git (software)
16 127 (18.81%) Unix
17 123 (18.22%) Docker
18 119 (17.63%) Kubernetes
19 115 (17.04%) REST
19 115 (17.04%) MySQL
20 111 (16.44%) Analytical Skills
21 110 (16.30%) JavaScript
22 108 (16.00%) Middleware
23 107 (15.85%) Data Modelling
24 105 (15.56%) DevOps
25 104 (15.41%) Web Services
26 101 (14.96%) Continuous Integration
27 99 (14.67%) OO

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (9.93%) Apache
2 65 (9.63%) Mule
3 43 (6.37%) Apache Spark
4 40 (5.93%) JBoss
5 37 (5.48%) Confluence
5 37 (5.48%) Red Hat Fuse
6 29 (4.30%) Elasticsearch
7 14 (2.07%) WebLogic
8 13 (1.93%) IIS
9 12 (1.78%) Jupyter
10 9 (1.33%) SharePoint
11 8 (1.19%) Tomcat
11 8 (1.19%) WebSphere
12 6 (0.89%) nginx
13 5 (0.74%) OpenStack
13 5 (0.74%) SAS
13 5 (0.74%) WebSphere Application Server
14 4 (0.59%) BizTalk Server
14 4 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 4 (0.59%) TPMS
Applications
1 35 (5.19%) Spreadsheet
2 19 (2.81%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (1.33%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.30%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.15%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 12 (1.78%) Oracle EBS
1 12 (1.78%) Oracle EBS R12
2 7 (1.04%) SunGard Martini
3 6 (0.89%) Magento
4 4 (0.59%) assyst
4 4 (0.59%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.30%) Eloqua
6 2 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.30%) Primavera
6 2 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.15%) Hyperion Planning
7 1 (0.15%) Markit EDM
7 1 (0.15%) Oracle 11i
7 1 (0.15%) SAP FI
7 1 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 201 (29.78%) AWS
2 131 (19.41%) Azure
3 55 (8.15%) Amazon S3
4 48 (7.11%) Power Platform
5 31 (4.59%) GCP
6 27 (4.00%) OpenShift
7 24 (3.56%) AWS CloudFormation
8 23 (3.41%) Serverless
9 21 (3.11%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 20 (2.96%) PaaS
10 20 (2.96%) SaaS
11 19 (2.81%) AWS Lambda
12 18 (2.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 18 (2.67%) GitHub
13 16 (2.37%) Amazon EC2
13 16 (2.37%) Amazon ECS
14 15 (2.22%) AWS CloudTrail
15 12 (1.78%) IaaS
16 11 (1.63%) Amazon Kinesis
17 10 (1.48%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 27 (4.00%) HTTP
2 18 (2.67%) TCP/IP
3 17 (2.52%) SSL
4 11 (1.63%) DNS
5 10 (1.48%) VPN
6 7 (1.04%) DSL
6 7 (1.04%) Firewall
7 5 (0.74%) FTP
7 5 (0.74%) Network Security
8 4 (0.59%) IPv4
8 4 (0.59%) IPv6
8 4 (0.59%) iSCSI
8 4 (0.59%) VLAN
9 3 (0.44%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.44%) LAN
10 2 (0.30%) AMQP
10 2 (0.30%) Internet
10 2 (0.30%) SMS
10 2 (0.30%) SSH
10 2 (0.30%) X.21
Database & Business Intelligence
1 192 (28.44%) RDBMS
2 161 (23.85%) SQL Server
3 115 (17.04%) MySQL
4 98 (14.52%) NoSQL
5 93 (13.78%) Data Warehouse
6 71 (10.52%) Hadoop
6 71 (10.52%) PostgreSQL
7 66 (9.78%) Oracle Database
8 56 (8.30%) Big Data
9 51 (7.56%) Apache Hive
10 46 (6.81%) Impala
11 44 (6.52%) Power BI
12 43 (6.37%) MongoDB
13 41 (6.07%) Pentaho
14 34 (5.04%) Tableau
15 28 (4.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 23 (3.41%) Oracle Database 12c
17 22 (3.26%) Data Lake
17 22 (3.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 21 (3.11%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 133 (19.70%) Jenkins
2 128 (18.96%) Git (software)
3 70 (10.37%) JIRA
4 53 (7.85%) Maven
5 45 (6.67%) Subversion
6 31 (4.59%) JUnit
7 27 (4.00%) Cucumber
8 20 (2.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 20 (2.96%) jMock
9 18 (2.67%) FishEye
9 18 (2.67%) GitLab
9 18 (2.67%) Hudson
10 17 (2.52%) SonarQube
11 13 (1.93%) Oracle APEX
11 13 (1.93%) Selenium
11 13 (1.93%) TeamCity
11 13 (1.93%) Visual Studio
12 10 (1.48%) Ant
12 10 (1.48%) Bitbucket
13 9 (1.33%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 166 (24.59%) Finance
2 131 (19.41%) Banking
3 65 (9.63%) Front Office
4 54 (8.00%) Public Sector
5 46 (6.81%) Investment Banking
6 33 (4.89%) Marketing
7 8 (1.19%) Law
8 7 (1.04%) Advertising
8 7 (1.04%) Electronics
8 7 (1.04%) Games
8 7 (1.04%) Manufacturing
8 7 (1.04%) Pharmaceutical
8 7 (1.04%) Retail Banking
8 7 (1.04%) Telecoms
9 6 (0.89%) Back Office
10 5 (0.74%) Retail
11 2 (0.30%) Aerospace
11 2 (0.30%) Automotive
11 2 (0.30%) Legal
11 2 (0.30%) Military
Job Titles
1 329 (48.74%) Developer
2 154 (22.81%) Java Developer
3 93 (13.78%) Architect
4 63 (9.33%) Data Engineer
5 59 (8.74%) Integration Developer
6 43 (6.37%) Senior Developer
7 33 (4.89%) Solutions Architect
8 32 (4.74%) Analyst
8 32 (4.74%) SQL Developer
9 29 (4.30%) AWS Engineer
10 28 (4.15%) Data Architect
11 25 (3.70%) Software Engineer
12 23 (3.41%) AWS Developer
13 22 (3.26%) Consultant
13 22 (3.26%) Full Stack Developer
13 22 (3.26%) Senior Java Developer
14 21 (3.11%) Java Engineer
15 19 (2.81%) DevOps Engineer
15 19 (2.81%) Technical Architect
16 18 (2.67%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 166 (24.59%) Spring
2 115 (17.04%) REST
3 108 (16.00%) Middleware
4 104 (15.41%) Web Services
5 92 (13.63%) HTML
6 87 (12.89%) Apache Camel
7 65 (9.63%) Hibernate
8 64 (9.48%) Spring Integration
9 63 (9.33%) .NET
9 63 (9.33%) XML
10 61 (9.04%) AngularJS
11 58 (8.59%) JMS
12 56 (8.30%) JSON
13 51 (7.56%) CSS
14 45 (6.67%) HTML5
15 44 (6.52%) Kafka
15 44 (6.52%) Spring Boot
16 41 (6.07%) Node.js
17 38 (5.63%) Java EE
18 33 (4.89%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 111 (16.44%) Analytical Skills
2 50 (7.41%) Enterprise Software
3 37 (5.48%) Clustering
4 29 (4.30%) Data Structures
4 29 (4.30%) Fixed Income
5 18 (2.67%) Self-Motivation
6 15 (2.22%) Credit Risk
7 14 (2.07%) Management Information System
7 14 (2.07%) User Experience
8 12 (1.78%) Public Cloud
9 11 (1.63%) FMCG
9 11 (1.63%) Reference Data
10 9 (1.33%) Equities
11 8 (1.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 8 (1.19%) Greenfield Project
11 8 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
11 8 (1.19%) Mainframe
11 8 (1.19%) NHS
11 8 (1.19%) W3C
12 6 (0.89%) Pricing Data
Operating Systems
1 198 (29.33%) Linux
2 127 (18.81%) Unix
3 52 (7.70%) Windows
4 19 (2.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 12 (1.78%) Mac OS X
6 8 (1.19%) Windows Server
7 5 (0.74%) Android
7 5 (0.74%) Apple iOS
8 4 (0.59%) Amazon Linux
8 4 (0.59%) Windows Server 2012
8 4 (0.59%) Windows Server 2016
9 2 (0.30%) Solaris
9 2 (0.30%) VME
9 2 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.15%) CentOS
10 1 (0.15%) SUSE
10 1 (0.15%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.15%) VMS
10 1 (0.15%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.15%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 263 (38.96%) Agile Software Development
2 139 (20.59%) Microservices
3 129 (19.11%) ETL
4 107 (15.85%) Data Modelling
5 105 (15.56%) DevOps
6 101 (14.96%) Continuous Integration
7 99 (14.67%) OO
8 97 (14.37%) Problem-Solving
9 93 (13.78%) TDD
10 86 (12.74%) Test Automation
11 82 (12.15%) Business Intelligence
12 79 (11.70%) Performance Tuning
13 77 (11.41%) Scrum
14 75 (11.11%) Unit Testing
15 67 (9.93%) Analytics
16 65 (9.63%) Migration
17 64 (9.48%) Data Integration
17 64 (9.48%) Software Engineering
18 60 (8.89%) Open Source
19 56 (8.30%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 293 (43.41%) SQL
2 274 (40.59%) Java
3 158 (23.41%) Python
4 110 (16.30%) JavaScript
5 65 (9.63%) C#
6 48 (7.11%) Scala
7 46 (6.81%) Java 8
8 36 (5.33%) PL/SQL
9 25 (3.70%) Perl
10 20 (2.96%) T-SQL
11 19 (2.81%) R
12 18 (2.67%) Groovy
13 17 (2.52%) Go
14 16 (2.37%) C++
14 16 (2.37%) Shell Script
14 16 (2.37%) TypeScript
15 15 (2.22%) Kotlin
15 15 (2.22%) SPARQL
16 14 (2.07%) PHP
17 10 (1.48%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 75 (11.11%) Security Cleared
2 68 (10.07%) SC Cleared
3 52 (7.70%) Degree
4 28 (4.15%) Computer Science Degree
5 21 (3.11%) Master's Degree
6 5 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.59%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.59%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.59%) ISEB
8 3 (0.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 2 (0.30%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.30%) HNC
9 2 (0.30%) HND
9 2 (0.30%) ISEB Practitioner
9 2 (0.30%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.30%) PhD
9 2 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
10 1 (0.15%) MBCS
10 1 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.15%) Tableau Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (4.74%) QA
2 22 (3.26%) Data Quality
3 8 (1.19%) Dublin Core
4 7 (1.04%) GDPR
5 6 (0.89%) MiFID
6 3 (0.44%) SLA
7 2 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.15%) CDISC
8 1 (0.15%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.15%) NCSC
System Software
1 123 (18.22%) Docker
2 49 (7.26%) HDFS
3 13 (1.93%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.74%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 5 (0.74%) Oracle Clusterware
4 5 (0.74%) Oracle RAC
4 5 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.15%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.15%) LXC
6 1 (0.15%) NFS
6 1 (0.15%) Platform Symphony
6 1 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 119 (17.63%) Kubernetes
2 61 (9.04%) Ansible
3 32 (4.74%) Terraform
4 21 (3.11%) Opscode Chef
5 17 (2.52%) Puppet
6 15 (2.22%) Kibana
7 10 (1.48%) Istio
7 10 (1.48%) Prometheus
8 7 (1.04%) Data Guard
9 5 (0.74%) Oracle RMAN
9 5 (0.74%) Single Sign-On
10 4 (0.59%) Hadoop YARN
10 4 (0.59%) Oracle Flashback
10 4 (0.59%) Red Hat Satellite
11 2 (0.30%) Control-M
11 2 (0.30%) PingFederate
12 1 (0.15%) Consul
12 1 (0.15%) Nagios
12 1 (0.15%) Rancher
12 1 (0.15%) SCCM
Vendors
1 181 (26.81%) Oracle
2 70 (10.37%) Microsoft
3 52 (7.70%) Cloudera
4 42 (6.22%) Sybase
5 26 (3.85%) Google
6 23 (3.41%) IBM
7 19 (2.81%) Red Hat
7 19 (2.81%) Salesforce.com
7 19 (2.81%) SAP
8 16 (2.37%) Atlassian
8 16 (2.37%) Murex
9 15 (2.22%) Talend
10 14 (2.07%) Alteryx
11 13 (1.93%) Dataiku
12 11 (1.63%) Databricks
12 11 (1.63%) Splunk
13 10 (1.48%) MuleSoft
14 9 (1.33%) Informatica
14 9 (1.33%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
15 7 (1.04%) SunGard