Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 142 145 121
Rank change year-on-year +3 -24 -13
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 756 950 1,890
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.81% 1.76% 2.14%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.55% 8.25% 9.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 516 627 1,256
10th Percentile £363 £350 £359
25th Percentile £425 £406 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% -
75th Percentile £638 £575 £588
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £520 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +9.47% -5.00% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 12 19
10th Percentile £23.53 £17.83 £17.15
25th Percentile £38.09 £20.58 £18.19
Median hourly rate £55.00 £29.96 £24.98
Median % change year-on-year +83.56% +19.95% -39.81%
75th Percentile " £42.50 £58.75
90th Percentile £57.70 £52.63 £60.25
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £29.96 £33.49
% change year-on-year +83.56% -10.53% -19.30%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 8,841 11,513 20,072
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.21% 21.38% 22.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,158 7,941 14,113
10th Percentile £315 £325 £325
25th Percentile £405 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £488 £488
Median % change year-on-year +2.56% - +2.63%
75th Percentile £598 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 152 159 211
10th Percentile £13.50 £14.31 £14.08
25th Percentile £19.00 £18.13 £18.59
Median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year -4.00% -28.57% +16.67%
75th Percentile £43.45 £45.25 £47.50
90th Percentile £59.88 £61.78 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £26.00 £24.86 £30.00
% change year-on-year +4.61% -17.15% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -5 494 £573 +9.05% 175
South East +23 69 £505 +18.82% 41
North of England 0 47 £450 +5.26% 75
Midlands +23 36 £463 +2.78% 31
North West +11 35 £443 +4.12% 41
South West +53 34 £500 +14.29% 22
West Midlands +37 28 £450 +2.27% 23
East of England +3 25 £450 +2.86% 16
Yorkshire +2 9 £375 -21.05% 29
East Midlands +4 4 £350 -22.22% 8
North East +15 3 £530 +26.95% 5
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 362 (47.88%) SQL
2 279 (36.90%) Agile Software Development
3 274 (36.24%) Java
4 218 (28.84%) RDBMS
5 209 (27.65%) Oracle
6 201 (26.59%) Finance
7 194 (25.66%) Python
8 179 (23.68%) SQL Server
9 176 (23.28%) Linux
9 176 (23.28%) AWS
10 164 (21.69%) Spring
11 140 (18.52%) Banking
11 140 (18.52%) Data Modelling
12 136 (17.99%) Azure
13 132 (17.46%) Analytical Skills
13 132 (17.46%) Unix
14 129 (17.06%) Jenkins
15 126 (16.67%) JavaScript
16 125 (16.53%) Docker
17 123 (16.27%) Microservices
17 123 (16.27%) Git (software)
18 122 (16.14%) Kubernetes
19 118 (15.61%) ETL
20 117 (15.48%) REST
21 116 (15.34%) DevOps
22 111 (14.68%) NoSQL
23 110 (14.55%) Data Warehouse
24 106 (14.02%) Business Intelligence
25 103 (13.62%) Problem-Solving
26 101 (13.36%) Test Automation

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (8.20%) Mule
2 56 (7.41%) Apache
3 48 (6.35%) Apache Spark
4 30 (3.97%) Confluence
4 30 (3.97%) Red Hat Fuse
5 28 (3.70%) JBoss
6 26 (3.44%) Elasticsearch
7 16 (2.12%) Tomcat
8 14 (1.85%) Jupyter
9 9 (1.19%) WebLogic
10 7 (0.93%) Ethereum
11 6 (0.79%) CMS
11 6 (0.79%) SAS
12 5 (0.66%) nginx
12 5 (0.66%) Oracle Coherence
12 5 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (0.66%) WebSphere
13 4 (0.53%) GlassFish
13 4 (0.53%) Liferay
13 4 (0.53%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 34 (4.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (3.04%) Spreadsheet
3 10 (1.32%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (0.93%) Chatbot
5 5 (0.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.13%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.13%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 10 (1.32%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 7 (0.93%) SunGard Martini
3 5 (0.66%) Maximo
3 5 (0.66%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (0.66%) Oracle EBS R12
4 3 (0.40%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.40%) Magento
5 2 (0.26%) assyst
5 2 (0.26%) Oracle 11i
5 2 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.13%) Endur
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle Receivables
6 1 (0.13%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 176 (23.28%) AWS
2 136 (17.99%) Azure
3 59 (7.80%) Power Platform
4 47 (6.22%) GCP
5 36 (4.76%) Amazon S3
6 23 (3.04%) OpenShift
7 22 (2.91%) AWS CloudFormation
8 20 (2.65%) PaaS
9 19 (2.51%) IaaS
10 15 (1.98%) Amazon EC2
11 14 (1.85%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 14 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
12 13 (1.72%) Amazon ECS
12 13 (1.72%) Amazon Kinesis
12 13 (1.72%) SaaS
12 13 (1.72%) Serverless
13 12 (1.59%) GitHub
13 12 (1.59%) PowerApps
14 11 (1.46%) Logic Apps
15 10 (1.32%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 37 (4.89%) HTTP
2 20 (2.65%) TCP/IP
3 11 (1.46%) SSL
4 7 (0.93%) RTMP
5 6 (0.79%) IPv4
5 6 (0.79%) IPv6
5 6 (0.79%) iSCSI
5 6 (0.79%) VPN
6 5 (0.66%) DNS
6 5 (0.66%) Firewall
7 4 (0.53%) SMTP
7 4 (0.53%) VLAN
8 3 (0.40%) FTP
8 3 (0.40%) IPFS
8 3 (0.40%) LAN
8 3 (0.40%) Network Security
8 3 (0.40%) POP3
9 2 (0.26%) Internet
9 2 (0.26%) SMS
9 2 (0.26%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 218 (28.84%) RDBMS
2 179 (23.68%) SQL Server
3 111 (14.68%) NoSQL
4 110 (14.55%) Data Warehouse
5 91 (12.04%) MySQL
5 91 (12.04%) PostgreSQL
6 65 (8.60%) Big Data
7 61 (8.07%) Hadoop
7 61 (8.07%) Oracle Database
8 56 (7.41%) Tableau
9 50 (6.61%) Power BI
10 48 (6.35%) MongoDB
11 41 (5.42%) Apache Hive
12 30 (3.97%) Impala
13 28 (3.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 26 (3.44%) Amazon Redshift
14 26 (3.44%) Data Lake
15 24 (3.17%) Pentaho
16 22 (2.91%) Apache Cassandra
16 22 (2.91%) Star Schema
Development Applications
1 129 (17.06%) Jenkins
2 123 (16.27%) Git (software)
3 83 (10.98%) JIRA
4 51 (6.75%) Subversion
5 32 (4.23%) Maven
6 29 (3.84%) JUnit
7 23 (3.04%) TeamCity
8 19 (2.51%) Cucumber
9 18 (2.38%) Visual Studio
10 16 (2.12%) Oracle APEX
11 14 (1.85%) Bitbucket
12 13 (1.72%) jMock
13 12 (1.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 12 (1.59%) FishEye
13 12 (1.59%) Gradle
13 12 (1.59%) SonarQube
13 12 (1.59%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 11 (1.46%) Hudson
15 10 (1.32%) Ant
15 10 (1.32%) Artifactory
General
1 201 (26.59%) Finance
2 140 (18.52%) Banking
3 66 (8.73%) Public Sector
4 62 (8.20%) Front Office
5 37 (4.89%) Marketing
6 36 (4.76%) Investment Banking
7 17 (2.25%) Telecoms
8 15 (1.98%) Law
9 14 (1.85%) Electronics
9 14 (1.85%) Manufacturing
10 13 (1.72%) Retail
11 11 (1.46%) Games
12 7 (0.93%) Pharmaceutical
13 6 (0.79%) Back Office
13 6 (0.79%) Publishing
14 4 (0.53%) Retail Banking
15 3 (0.40%) Automotive
16 2 (0.26%) Advertising
16 2 (0.26%) French Language
16 2 (0.26%) Police
Job Titles
1 343 (45.37%) Developer
2 141 (18.65%) Java Developer
3 105 (13.89%) Architect
4 71 (9.39%) Data Engineer
5 64 (8.47%) Analyst
6 56 (7.41%) Senior Developer
7 54 (7.14%) Integration Developer
8 43 (5.69%) Data Architect
9 34 (4.50%) C# Developer
9 34 (4.50%) Data Analyst
10 31 (4.10%) Solutions Architect
11 30 (3.97%) SQL Developer
12 28 (3.70%) Software Engineer
13 25 (3.31%) Python Developer
13 25 (3.31%) Senior Java Developer
14 24 (3.17%) Full Stack Developer
15 21 (2.78%) Technical Architect
16 20 (2.65%) .NET Developer
16 20 (2.65%) Consultant
17 19 (2.51%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 164 (21.69%) Spring
2 117 (15.48%) REST
3 99 (13.10%) HTML
4 95 (12.57%) Middleware
5 85 (11.24%) Web Services
6 84 (11.11%) XML
7 83 (10.98%) Apache Camel
8 79 (10.45%) JSON
9 76 (10.05%) Hibernate
10 72 (9.52%) .NET
11 62 (8.20%) AngularJS
12 59 (7.80%) CSS
12 59 (7.80%) Spring Integration
13 55 (7.28%) Kafka
14 54 (7.14%) RESTful
15 50 (6.61%) JMS
16 45 (5.95%) HTML5
16 45 (5.95%) Node.js
17 43 (5.69%) NumPy
18 42 (5.56%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 132 (17.46%) Analytical Skills
2 47 (6.22%) Enterprise Software
3 38 (5.03%) Clustering
4 32 (4.23%) Data Structures
5 29 (3.84%) Management Information System
6 26 (3.44%) Fixed Income
6 26 (3.44%) Reference Data
6 26 (3.44%) Self-Motivation
7 20 (2.65%) User Experience
8 16 (2.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 15 (1.98%) Public Cloud
10 14 (1.85%) Client/Server
11 13 (1.72%) Credit Risk
12 11 (1.46%) Equities
13 10 (1.32%) Algorithms
13 10 (1.32%) Reinsurance
14 9 (1.19%) CMDB
15 8 (1.06%) Data Centre
15 8 (1.06%) FMCG
15 8 (1.06%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 176 (23.28%) Linux
2 132 (17.46%) Unix
3 57 (7.54%) Windows
4 19 (2.51%) Mac OS X
5 16 (2.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (0.79%) Windows Server
7 3 (0.40%) VME
8 2 (0.26%) AIX
8 2 (0.26%) VMS
8 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.13%) Android
9 1 (0.13%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.13%) CentOS
9 1 (0.13%) OpenVMS
9 1 (0.13%) Solaris
9 1 (0.13%) SUSE
9 1 (0.13%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.13%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 279 (36.90%) Agile Software Development
2 140 (18.52%) Data Modelling
3 123 (16.27%) Microservices
4 118 (15.61%) ETL
5 116 (15.34%) DevOps
6 106 (14.02%) Business Intelligence
7 103 (13.62%) Problem-Solving
8 101 (13.36%) Test Automation
9 100 (13.23%) Continuous Integration
10 95 (12.57%) OO
11 91 (12.04%) Analytics
11 91 (12.04%) Software Engineering
12 90 (11.90%) TDD
13 86 (11.38%) Scrum
14 79 (10.45%) Performance Tuning
15 74 (9.79%) Migration
16 62 (8.20%) Data Science
17 59 (7.80%) Unit Testing
18 57 (7.54%) Visualisation
19 56 (7.41%) Data Integration
Programming Languages
1 362 (47.88%) SQL
2 274 (36.24%) Java
3 194 (25.66%) Python
4 126 (16.67%) JavaScript
5 76 (10.05%) C#
6 52 (6.88%) PL/SQL
7 49 (6.48%) Java 8
8 35 (4.63%) R
9 34 (4.50%) Scala
10 26 (3.44%) Shell Script
11 22 (2.91%) C++
12 21 (2.78%) Perl
12 21 (2.78%) T-SQL
13 20 (2.65%) TypeScript
14 19 (2.51%) PowerShell
14 19 (2.51%) Ruby
15 18 (2.38%) Go
16 17 (2.25%) PHP
17 14 (1.85%) SPARQL
18 13 (1.72%) VB
Qualifications
1 71 (9.39%) Security Cleared
2 66 (8.73%) Degree
3 56 (7.41%) SC Cleared
4 23 (3.04%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (1.72%) Master's Degree
6 11 (1.46%) DV Cleared
7 8 (1.06%) AWS Certification
8 6 (0.79%) TOGAF Certification
9 5 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.66%) Postgraduate
10 4 (0.53%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.40%) ISEB
11 3 (0.40%) ISTQB
11 3 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.40%) OCP
11 3 (0.40%) Oracle Certification
11 3 (0.40%) PhD
12 2 (0.26%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.26%) MCP
12 2 (0.26%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (3.04%) QA
2 20 (2.65%) Data Quality
3 8 (1.06%) Dublin Core
4 7 (0.93%) GDPR
5 3 (0.40%) MiFID
6 2 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.13%) Def Stans
7 1 (0.13%) GRC
7 1 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 125 (16.53%) Docker
2 31 (4.10%) HDFS
3 12 (1.59%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.66%) Oracle Clusterware
4 5 (0.66%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.26%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.13%) Platform Symphony
7 1 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 122 (16.14%) Kubernetes
2 52 (6.88%) Ansible
3 20 (2.65%) Terraform
4 19 (2.51%) Puppet
5 18 (2.38%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (1.59%) Kibana
7 10 (1.32%) Prometheus
8 8 (1.06%) Data Guard
9 7 (0.93%) Single Sign-On
10 6 (0.79%) Istio
10 6 (0.79%) Oracle RMAN
10 6 (0.79%) Red Hat Satellite
11 5 (0.66%) Grafana
12 4 (0.53%) Oracle Flashback
13 3 (0.40%) PingFederate
13 3 (0.40%) Rancher
13 3 (0.40%) Salt
14 2 (0.26%) HP ALM
14 2 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
14 2 (0.26%) Perfmon
Vendors
1 209 (27.65%) Oracle
2 81 (10.71%) Microsoft
3 32 (4.23%) Cloudera
4 28 (3.70%) SAP
5 25 (3.31%) Google
6 22 (2.91%) Sybase
7 20 (2.65%) IBM
7 20 (2.65%) Salesforce.com
8 18 (2.38%) Red Hat
9 16 (2.12%) Alteryx
9 16 (2.12%) Databricks
10 15 (1.98%) Dataiku
11 13 (1.72%) Splunk
12 12 (1.59%) MuleSoft
12 12 (1.59%) Murex
12 12 (1.59%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 11 (1.46%) Atlassian
13 11 (1.46%) Talend
14 10 (1.32%) Sparx
15 8 (1.06%) Adobe