Period
to 24 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 24 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 153 133 154
Rank change year-on-year -20 +21 -36
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,262 660 1,190
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.82% 1.94% 1.81%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.69% 8.97% 8.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 938 470 772
10th Percentile £388 £356 £325
25th Percentile £475 £425 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £523 £488
Median % change year-on-year +10.05% +7.18% -2.50%
75th Percentile £688 £638 £575
90th Percentile £788 £700 £650
UK median daily rate £575 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +15.00% +5.26% -4.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 8 18
10th Percentile £18.10 £51.25 £15.81
25th Percentile £44.90 £54.06 £17.83
Median hourly rate £48.27 £55.00 £28.30
Median % change year-on-year -12.25% +94.35% +18.51%
75th Percentile £65.50 £55.75 £43.44
90th Percentile £66.93 £58.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £60.00 £55.00 £28.30
% change year-on-year +9.09% +94.35% +18.51%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 14,522 7,357 14,216
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.98% 21.61% 21.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,532 5,139 9,806
10th Percentile £363 £310 £320
25th Percentile £431 £393 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.77% +2.63% -
75th Percentile £650 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £483 £475
% change year-on-year +8.81% +1.58% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 180 138 197
10th Percentile £17.48 £13.46 £13.05
25th Percentile £24.50 £19.06 £17.83
Median hourly rate £43.85 £26.00 £26.50
Median % change year-on-year +68.65% -1.89% -7.02%
75th Percentile £62.15 £50.35 £43.75
90th Percentile £72.75 £62.01 £56.30
UK median hourly rate £43.95 £26.96 £26.00
% change year-on-year +63.02% +3.69% -2.44%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 24 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -9 838 £625 +8.70% 230
South East -10 110 £525 +5.00% 62
North of England -58 74 £440 -2.22% 75
Midlands -34 68 £475 +15.15% 63
North West -60 49 £440 -2.22% 50
West Midlands -42 41 £485 +17.58% 40
South West -36 39 £388 -22.50% 31
East of England -45 32 £480 +3.78% 21
East Midlands -11 26 £463 +22.84% 23
Yorkshire -28 19 £500 +11.11% 19
North East +3 6 £475 - 6
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 24 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 669 (53.01%) SQL
2 501 (39.70%) Agile Software Development
3 418 (33.12%) Java
4 392 (31.06%) RDBMS
5 381 (30.19%) Social Skills
6 365 (28.92%) Oracle
7 340 (26.94%) Finance
8 299 (23.69%) AWS
9 296 (23.45%) JavaScript
10 283 (22.42%) Python
11 278 (22.03%) SQL Server
12 249 (19.73%) Git (software)
13 246 (19.49%) C#
14 230 (18.23%) Microservices
15 229 (18.15%) Problem-Solving
15 229 (18.15%) Banking
16 224 (17.75%) CI/CD
17 220 (17.43%) PostgreSQL
18 213 (16.88%) Azure
19 206 (16.32%) Jenkins
20 205 (16.24%) Spring
21 198 (15.69%) NoSQL
22 194 (15.37%) Business Intelligence
23 193 (15.29%) DevOps
24 192 (15.21%) Microsoft
24 192 (15.21%) React
25 189 (14.98%) Analytical Skills
26 188 (14.90%) MySQL
27 187 (14.82%) TDD
28 186 (14.74%) REST

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (5.39%) Apache Spark
2 63 (4.99%) Confluence
3 56 (4.44%) Elasticsearch
4 48 (3.80%) Red Hat Fuse
5 44 (3.49%) Mule
6 38 (3.01%) Apache
7 36 (2.85%) Tomcat
8 28 (2.22%) JBoss
9 21 (1.66%) Oracle Coherence
10 18 (1.43%) SharePoint
11 15 (1.19%) WebLogic
12 13 (1.03%) Ethereum
13 11 (0.87%) GemFire
13 11 (0.87%) WebSphere
14 9 (0.71%) nginx
15 8 (0.63%) CMS
15 8 (0.63%) IIS
15 8 (0.63%) WebSphere Application Server
16 6 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
17 5 (0.40%) SAS
Applications
1 60 (4.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (1.35%) Spreadsheet
3 16 (1.27%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.79%) Chatbot
5 6 (0.48%) Simulink
6 4 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.16%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.16%) SPSS
8 1 (0.079%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.079%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 25 (1.98%) SunGard Martini
2 10 (0.79%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 10 (0.79%) Workfront
3 5 (0.40%) Distributed Ledger
4 4 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.32%) Oracle Applications
4 4 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 4 (0.32%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.24%) FLEXCUBE
5 3 (0.24%) Maximo
5 3 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
5 3 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.16%) IBM Planning Analytics
6 2 (0.16%) Markit EDM
6 2 (0.16%) Oracle 11i
6 2 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.079%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 1 (0.079%) Misys Midas
7 1 (0.079%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 299 (23.69%) AWS
2 213 (16.88%) Azure
3 119 (9.43%) Power Platform
4 68 (5.39%) Serverless
5 66 (5.23%) GCP
6 62 (4.91%) Amazon S3
7 48 (3.80%) Azure Data Factory
8 46 (3.65%) GitHub
9 40 (3.17%) PaaS
10 34 (2.69%) AWS Lambda
11 29 (2.30%) Snowflake
12 28 (2.22%) SaaS
13 24 (1.90%) Azure Functions
14 21 (1.66%) AWS CloudFormation
14 21 (1.66%) IaaS
15 20 (1.58%) OpenShift
16 19 (1.51%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 18 (1.43%) Amazon EMR
18 17 (1.35%) Azure Synapse Analytics
19 15 (1.19%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 36 (2.85%) RTMP
2 33 (2.61%) HTTP
3 32 (2.54%) TCP/IP
4 16 (1.27%) Multicast
4 16 (1.27%) Network Security
5 13 (1.03%) Internet
6 12 (0.95%) VPN
7 11 (0.87%) Firewall
8 9 (0.71%) DSL
9 4 (0.32%) DNS
9 4 (0.32%) FTP
9 4 (0.32%) Kerberos
10 3 (0.24%) LAN
10 3 (0.24%) SMTP
10 3 (0.24%) SSL
11 2 (0.16%) Asterisk PBX
11 2 (0.16%) BIG-IP
11 2 (0.16%) InfiniBand
11 2 (0.16%) POP3
11 2 (0.16%) Radio Access Network
Database & Business Intelligence
1 392 (31.06%) RDBMS
2 278 (22.03%) SQL Server
3 220 (17.43%) PostgreSQL
4 198 (15.69%) NoSQL
5 188 (14.90%) MySQL
6 142 (11.25%) Data Warehouse
7 116 (9.19%) Power BI
8 109 (8.64%) Big Data
9 106 (8.40%) Oracle Database
10 94 (7.45%) MongoDB
11 85 (6.74%) Data Lake
12 68 (5.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 68 (5.39%) Tableau
13 66 (5.23%) Hadoop
14 50 (3.96%) Metadata
15 46 (3.65%) Apache Cassandra
16 45 (3.57%) Oracle Database 12c
17 40 (3.17%) Apache Hive
18 37 (2.93%) Redis
19 34 (2.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 249 (19.73%) Git (software)
2 206 (16.32%) Jenkins
3 168 (13.31%) JIRA
4 83 (6.58%) TeamCity
5 73 (5.78%) Subversion
6 64 (5.07%) Maven
7 58 (4.60%) Visual Studio
8 57 (4.52%) Bitbucket
9 52 (4.12%) JUnit
10 47 (3.72%) Artifactory
11 35 (2.77%) Oracle APEX
12 30 (2.38%) Selenium
13 27 (2.14%) Cucumber
14 26 (2.06%) JMeter
15 25 (1.98%) CppUnit
15 25 (1.98%) Robot Framework
16 23 (1.82%) Cypress.io
17 20 (1.58%) ER Studio
17 20 (1.58%) Gradle
18 18 (1.43%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 381 (30.19%) Social Skills
2 340 (26.94%) Finance
3 229 (18.15%) Banking
4 189 (14.98%) Analytical Skills
5 160 (12.68%) Investment Banking
6 150 (11.89%) Front Office
7 70 (5.55%) Public Sector
8 45 (3.57%) Presentation Skills
9 33 (2.61%) Marketing
10 28 (2.22%) Telecoms
11 25 (1.98%) Legal
12 22 (1.74%) Organisational Skills
13 21 (1.66%) Influencing Skills
14 19 (1.51%) Manufacturing
15 18 (1.43%) Retail
16 17 (1.35%) Financial Institution
17 16 (1.27%) Electronics
18 12 (0.95%) Documentation Skills
18 12 (0.95%) Public Speaking
19 9 (0.71%) Law
Job Titles
1 678 (53.72%) Developer
2 200 (15.85%) Java Developer
3 101 (8.00%) Analyst
4 100 (7.92%) Architect
5 90 (7.13%) Data Engineer
6 86 (6.81%) Senior Developer
7 76 (6.02%) Full Stack Developer
8 61 (4.83%) C# Developer
9 46 (3.65%) C++ Developer
10 44 (3.49%) Python Developer
11 42 (3.33%) DBA
12 41 (3.25%) Integration Developer
12 41 (3.25%) Solutions Architect
13 38 (3.01%) React Developer
14 37 (2.93%) .NET Developer
15 34 (2.69%) Data Modeller
15 34 (2.69%) Senior Java Developer
16 32 (2.54%) Systems Analyst
17 31 (2.46%) Software Engineer
17 31 (2.46%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 205 (16.24%) Spring
2 192 (15.21%) React
3 186 (14.74%) REST
4 178 (14.10%) CSS
5 176 (13.95%) .NET
6 175 (13.87%) AngularJS
7 170 (13.47%) HTML
8 152 (12.04%) XML
9 136 (10.78%) JSON
10 128 (10.14%) Web Services
11 117 (9.27%) Kafka
12 97 (7.69%) RESTful
13 94 (7.45%) Node.js
14 80 (6.34%) Middleware
15 79 (6.26%) Spring Boot
16 66 (5.23%) Apache Camel
16 66 (5.23%) J2EE
17 64 (5.07%) Reactive Extensions
18 58 (4.60%) HTML5
19 55 (4.36%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 86 (6.81%) User Experience
2 64 (5.07%) Data Structures
3 43 (3.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 40 (3.17%) Enterprise Software
4 40 (3.17%) Reference Data
5 38 (3.01%) Client/Server
6 36 (2.85%) Management Information System
7 34 (2.69%) Public Cloud
8 32 (2.54%) Fixed Income
9 30 (2.38%) Algorithms
10 28 (2.22%) Self-Motivation
11 27 (2.14%) Derivative
12 26 (2.06%) Legacy Systems
13 23 (1.82%) Cloud Native
14 22 (1.74%) Data Protection Act
15 20 (1.58%) NHS
16 18 (1.43%) Credit Derivative
17 17 (1.35%) N-Tier
18 16 (1.27%) Equity Derivative
19 15 (1.19%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 172 (13.63%) Unix
2 165 (13.07%) Linux
3 103 (8.16%) Windows
4 20 (1.58%) Windows Server
5 11 (0.87%) Mac OS X
5 11 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 11 (0.87%) Solaris
6 6 (0.48%) AIX
6 6 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
7 4 (0.32%) Android
7 4 (0.32%) VMS
8 3 (0.24%) HPUX
9 2 (0.16%) Apple iOS
9 2 (0.16%) VME
9 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.079%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.079%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 501 (39.70%) Agile Software Development
2 230 (18.23%) Microservices
3 229 (18.15%) Problem-Solving
4 224 (17.75%) CI/CD
5 194 (15.37%) Business Intelligence
6 193 (15.29%) DevOps
7 187 (14.82%) TDD
8 185 (14.66%) ETL
9 175 (13.87%) Analytics
10 167 (13.23%) Test Automation
11 163 (12.92%) Data Modelling
12 156 (12.36%) Continuous Integration
13 150 (11.89%) OO
14 146 (11.57%) SDLC
15 140 (11.09%) Scrum
16 117 (9.27%) Full Stack Development
17 112 (8.87%) Continuous Improvement
18 107 (8.48%) Software Engineering
19 85 (6.74%) Visualisation
20 84 (6.66%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 669 (53.01%) SQL
2 418 (33.12%) Java
3 296 (23.45%) JavaScript
4 283 (22.42%) Python
5 246 (19.49%) C#
6 134 (10.62%) TypeScript
7 94 (7.45%) C++
8 76 (6.02%) Java 8
9 62 (4.91%) PL/SQL
10 56 (4.44%) PowerShell
11 53 (4.20%) Shell Script
12 44 (3.49%) T-SQL
13 40 (3.17%) Scala
14 37 (2.93%) Groovy
15 36 (2.85%) PHP
16 35 (2.77%) C
17 30 (2.38%) Perl
18 28 (2.22%) Bash
19 27 (2.14%) XAML
20 25 (1.98%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 98 (7.77%) Security Cleared
2 80 (6.34%) SC Cleared
3 68 (5.39%) Degree
4 23 (1.82%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.55%) ISTQB
7 6 (0.48%) AWS Certification
7 6 (0.48%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.48%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 6 (0.48%) Master's Degree
8 5 (0.40%) OCP
8 5 (0.40%) Oracle Certification
9 4 (0.32%) ISEB
10 3 (0.24%) CISA
10 3 (0.24%) GIAC
10 3 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.24%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 3 (0.24%) OSCE
10 3 (0.24%) OSCP
10 3 (0.24%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (4.04%) Data Quality
2 41 (3.25%) QA
3 27 (2.14%) Accessibility
4 23 (1.82%) GDPR
5 12 (0.95%) Dodd-Frank
6 5 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.32%) Basel II
7 4 (0.32%) NIST
8 2 (0.16%) Dublin Core
8 2 (0.16%) GRC
8 2 (0.16%) HL7
8 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 2 (0.16%) PMBOK
8 2 (0.16%) SLA
9 1 (0.079%) DICOM
9 1 (0.079%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.079%) GLBA
9 1 (0.079%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.079%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 142 (11.25%) Docker
2 26 (2.06%) HDFS
3 25 (1.98%) Active Directory
4 12 (0.95%) Oracle RAC
5 7 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 5 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.24%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.24%) Oracle Clusterware
7 3 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
8 2 (0.16%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 2 (0.16%) LXC
9 1 (0.079%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.079%) Firmware
9 1 (0.079%) Postfix
9 1 (0.079%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 119 (9.43%) Kubernetes
2 98 (7.77%) Ansible
3 65 (5.15%) Terraform
4 30 (2.38%) ITRS Geneos
5 25 (1.98%) BladeLogic
6 20 (1.58%) Prometheus
7 19 (1.51%) Kibana
8 18 (1.43%) Data Guard
9 16 (1.27%) logstash
10 13 (1.03%) Grafana
10 13 (1.03%) Istio
10 13 (1.03%) Oracle RMAN
11 11 (0.87%) Graphite
11 11 (0.87%) Puppet
12 10 (0.79%) Opscode Chef
12 10 (0.79%) Single Sign-On
13 8 (0.63%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 7 (0.55%) Rancher
15 6 (0.48%) Hadoop YARN
15 6 (0.48%) Oozie
Vendors
1 365 (28.92%) Oracle
2 192 (15.21%) Microsoft
3 42 (3.33%) Databricks
4 38 (3.01%) Cloudera
4 38 (3.01%) Sybase
5 37 (2.93%) SAP
6 34 (2.69%) Google
7 29 (2.30%) Salesforce.com
8 25 (1.98%) FIS
8 25 (1.98%) SunGard
9 24 (1.90%) Splunk
10 21 (1.66%) TIBCO
11 20 (1.58%) Talend
12 18 (1.43%) Atlassian
13 16 (1.27%) IBM
13 16 (1.27%) Informatica
14 15 (1.19%) Zend
15 13 (1.03%) Murex
16 10 (0.79%) Alteryx
16 10 (0.79%) Red Hat