Period
to 21 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 21 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
21 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 111 109 128
Rank change year-on-year -2 +19 -4
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2,188 2,065 1,954
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.34% 2.26% 1.99%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.27% 10.20% 8.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,407 1,354 1,292
England median daily rate £500 £475 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +6.74% +3.49%
10th Percentile £338 £313 £308
90th Percentile £675 £638 £593
UK median daily rate £480 £465 £438
% change year-on-year +3.23% +6.29% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 19 22
England median hourly rate £42.50 £31.15 £37.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +36.44% -17.48% +0.67%
10th Percentile £17.03 £11.17 £25.79
90th Percentile £51.50 £45.00 £44.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £30.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +41.67% -17.81% -8.75%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 21,299 20,253 22,110
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.77% 22.17% 22.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,003 13,867 14,883
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £314 £308 £288
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 213 255 348
England median hourly rate £32.48 £30.50 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.48% +7.02% +3.64%
10th Percentile £13.74 £13.75 £11.50
90th Percentile £56.03 £53.25 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £30.00 £29.50
% change year-on-year - +1.69% +5.12%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 21 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +14 1,339 £550 +4.76% 261
South East -38 298 £470 +10.59% 126
North of England -39 195 £400 -5.88% 130
Midlands +31 179 £425 +11.84% 67
North West +3 119 £390 -2.50% 78
East Midlands +27 99 £445 +27.14% 29
East of England -20 89 £475 +6.15% 55
South West -17 88 £425 +13.33% 51
West Midlands +27 79 £425 - 38
Yorkshire -59 67 £425 - 44
North East -7 9 £425 - 8
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 21 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,069 (48.86%) Agile Software Development
2 975 (44.56%) SQL
3 934 (42.69%) Java
4 738 (33.73%) RDBMS
5 605 (27.65%) JavaScript
6 588 (26.87%) Git (software)
7 557 (25.46%) Oracle
8 556 (25.41%) SQL Server
9 504 (23.03%) Linux
10 462 (21.12%) Unix
10 462 (21.12%) HTML
11 456 (20.84%) Python
12 431 (19.70%) Spring
13 420 (19.20%) NoSQL
14 418 (19.10%) Finance
15 398 (18.19%) TDD
16 395 (18.05%) CSS
16 395 (18.05%) REST
17 380 (17.37%) MySQL
18 366 (16.73%) OO
19 358 (16.36%) Web Services
20 344 (15.72%) Continuous Integration
21 338 (15.45%) Test Automation
22 333 (15.22%) Scrum
22 333 (15.22%) Microservices
23 321 (14.67%) Jenkins
24 314 (14.35%) Amazon AWS
25 285 (13.03%) Problem-Solving
26 280 (12.80%) XML
27 278 (12.71%) C#

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 171 (7.82%) Apache Spark
2 170 (7.77%) Confluence
3 107 (4.89%) Apache
4 92 (4.20%) WebSphere
5 78 (3.56%) Elasticsearch
6 59 (2.70%) WildFly
7 56 (2.56%) Mule
8 49 (2.24%) CMS
9 48 (2.19%) JBoss
10 42 (1.92%) Apache Solr
10 42 (1.92%) IIS
11 34 (1.55%) SAS
12 28 (1.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 24 (1.10%) Cloud Foundry
13 24 (1.10%) Tomcat
13 24 (1.10%) WebLogic
14 22 (1.01%) SharePoint
15 18 (0.82%) Apache Pig
15 18 (0.82%) Commerce Server
15 18 (0.82%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 108 (4.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 50 (2.29%) Microsoft Office
3 20 (0.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.37%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.37%) Photoshop
5 5 (0.23%) HipChat
5 5 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.091%) GNU Octave
7 2 (0.091%) SPSS
8 1 (0.046%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.046%) InVision
8 1 (0.046%) Stata
Business Applications
1 13 (0.59%) SAP Hybris
2 10 (0.46%) ION MarketView
2 10 (0.46%) Oracle EBS
3 9 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.27%) Adobe Campaign
4 6 (0.27%) Endur
4 6 (0.27%) Oracle Cash Management
5 5 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
5 5 (0.23%) Oracle Assets
5 5 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
5 5 (0.23%) Oracle iProcurement
5 5 (0.23%) Oracle Payables
5 5 (0.23%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 5 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
5 5 (0.23%) Oracle TCA
6 4 (0.18%) Bloomberg AIM
6 4 (0.18%) Markit EDM
7 3 (0.14%) Elite 3E
7 3 (0.14%) Magento
7 3 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 314 (14.35%) Amazon AWS
2 246 (11.24%) Microsoft Azure
3 64 (2.93%) Amazon S3
3 64 (2.93%) Serverless
4 57 (2.61%) Amazon EC2
5 55 (2.51%) Google Cloud Platform
6 53 (2.42%) Amazon EMR
7 50 (2.29%) AWS Lambda
8 46 (2.10%) PaaS
9 44 (2.01%) GitHub
10 33 (1.51%) SaaS
11 32 (1.46%) Amazon Glacier
11 32 (1.46%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 31 (1.42%) Azure Data Factory
13 26 (1.19%) IaaS
14 23 (1.05%) npm
15 21 (0.96%) Azure Functions
16 17 (0.78%) Data Lake Analytics
17 15 (0.69%) OpenShift
18 14 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 155 (7.08%) HTTP
2 56 (2.56%) TCP/IP
3 37 (1.69%) SSL
4 36 (1.65%) Internet
5 33 (1.51%) DNS
6 28 (1.28%) FTP
6 28 (1.28%) VPN
7 19 (0.87%) DHCP
7 19 (0.87%) Firewall
8 17 (0.78%) IPsec
9 13 (0.59%) AMQP
10 11 (0.50%) MPLS
10 11 (0.50%) SMTP
11 10 (0.46%) Kerberos
12 6 (0.27%) RTMP
13 4 (0.18%) DVB
13 4 (0.18%) SMS
13 4 (0.18%) WAN
14 3 (0.14%) HTTPS
14 3 (0.14%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 738 (33.73%) RDBMS
2 556 (25.41%) SQL Server
3 420 (19.20%) NoSQL
4 380 (17.37%) MySQL
5 255 (11.65%) Data Warehouse
6 252 (11.52%) PostgreSQL
7 229 (10.47%) MongoDB
8 209 (9.55%) Big Data
9 189 (8.64%) Hadoop
10 135 (6.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 110 (5.03%) Apache Hive
12 105 (4.80%) Oracle Database
13 97 (4.43%) Power BI
14 92 (4.20%) Redis
15 84 (3.84%) Apache Cassandra
16 78 (3.56%) HBase
17 74 (3.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 72 (3.29%) DB2
19 67 (3.06%) Data Lake
20 61 (2.79%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 588 (26.87%) Git (software)
2 321 (14.67%) Jenkins
3 227 (10.37%) JIRA
4 201 (9.19%) Maven
5 190 (8.68%) Subversion
6 173 (7.91%) JUnit
7 98 (4.48%) Selenium
8 84 (3.84%) Mockito
9 83 (3.79%) SonarQube
10 68 (3.11%) Visual Studio
11 65 (2.97%) Hudson
12 64 (2.93%) Visual Studio Team System
13 63 (2.88%) Checkstyle
14 58 (2.65%) Liquibase
14 58 (2.65%) Vagrant
15 55 (2.51%) TeamCity
16 52 (2.38%) Cucumber
17 49 (2.24%) Gradle
18 46 (2.10%) JMeter
18 46 (2.10%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 418 (19.10%) Finance
2 226 (10.33%) Banking
3 171 (7.82%) Front Office
4 170 (7.77%) Retail
5 150 (6.86%) Investment Banking
6 50 (2.29%) Marketing
7 41 (1.87%) Publishing
8 25 (1.14%) Advertising
9 23 (1.05%) Financial Institution
9 23 (1.05%) Telecoms
10 19 (0.87%) Back Office
10 19 (0.87%) Law
11 18 (0.82%) Legal
12 14 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
13 12 (0.55%) Games
13 12 (0.55%) Manufacturing
14 8 (0.37%) Billing
15 7 (0.32%) Electronics
16 6 (0.27%) General Ledger
16 6 (0.27%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 1,351 (61.75%) Developer
2 466 (21.30%) Java Developer
3 165 (7.54%) Analyst
4 159 (7.27%) Senior Developer
5 145 (6.63%) Architect
6 120 (5.48%) .NET Developer
7 101 (4.62%) Full Stack Developer
8 91 (4.16%) Python Developer
9 84 (3.84%) C# Developer
10 78 (3.56%) Senior Java Developer
11 77 (3.52%) SQL Developer
12 76 (3.47%) Data Engineer
12 76 (3.47%) DevOps Engineer
13 68 (3.11%) Software Engineer
14 67 (3.06%) SC Cleared Java Developer
15 62 (2.83%) Lead Developer
16 60 (2.74%) Front Office Developer
17 55 (2.51%) Agile Developer
18 52 (2.38%) Data Analyst
19 51 (2.33%) ETL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 462 (21.12%) HTML
2 431 (19.70%) Spring
3 395 (18.05%) CSS
3 395 (18.05%) REST
4 358 (16.36%) Web Services
5 280 (12.80%) XML
6 276 (12.61%) AngularJS
7 272 (12.43%) RESTful
8 267 (12.20%) .NET
9 206 (9.41%) Hibernate
10 196 (8.96%) Node.js
11 187 (8.55%) JSON
12 157 (7.18%) JMS
13 153 (6.99%) HTML5
14 151 (6.90%) Spring Boot
15 140 (6.40%) J2EE
15 140 (6.40%) Kafka
16 136 (6.22%) React
17 130 (5.94%) Java EE
18 122 (5.58%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 263 (12.02%) Analytical Skills
2 98 (4.48%) Fixed Income
3 88 (4.02%) Data Structures
4 86 (3.93%) Computer Science
5 85 (3.88%) Algorithms
6 78 (3.56%) Derivative
6 78 (3.56%) Linux Command Line
7 53 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
7 53 (2.42%) Management Information System
8 47 (2.15%) User Experience
9 46 (2.10%) Equity Derivative
10 43 (1.97%) Fintech
11 41 (1.87%) Greenfield Project
12 39 (1.78%) Self-Motivation
13 35 (1.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 31 (1.42%) Interest Rate Derivative
15 29 (1.33%) Equities
16 20 (0.91%) Data Centre
16 20 (0.91%) Hedge funds
16 20 (0.91%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 504 (23.03%) Linux
2 462 (21.12%) Unix
3 190 (8.68%) Windows
4 61 (2.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 57 (2.61%) VMS
6 37 (1.69%) Windows Server
7 27 (1.23%) Apple iOS
7 27 (1.23%) Mac OS X
8 14 (0.64%) Solaris
9 11 (0.50%) Android
9 11 (0.50%) Windows Server 2012
10 9 (0.41%) Windows Server 2003
11 8 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
12 6 (0.27%) AIX
12 6 (0.27%) CentOS
12 6 (0.27%) Ubuntu
13 4 (0.18%) Windows 7
14 3 (0.14%) Amazon Linux
14 3 (0.14%) HPUX
15 2 (0.091%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,069 (48.86%) Agile Software Development
2 398 (18.19%) TDD
3 366 (16.73%) OO
4 344 (15.72%) Continuous Integration
5 338 (15.45%) Test Automation
6 333 (15.22%) Microservices
6 333 (15.22%) Scrum
7 285 (13.03%) Problem-Solving
8 272 (12.43%) Open Source
9 271 (12.39%) ETL
10 253 (11.56%) DevOps
11 249 (11.38%) SDLC
12 244 (11.15%) Business Intelligence
13 242 (11.06%) Analytics
14 235 (10.74%) MVC
15 228 (10.42%) Data Modelling
16 220 (10.05%) BDD
17 161 (7.36%) Software Engineering
18 151 (6.90%) OOP
19 143 (6.54%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 975 (44.56%) SQL
2 934 (42.69%) Java
3 605 (27.65%) JavaScript
4 456 (20.84%) Python
5 278 (12.71%) C#
6 222 (10.15%) Java 8
7 173 (7.91%) Scala
8 103 (4.71%) T-SQL
9 97 (4.43%) Shell Script
10 96 (4.39%) PL/SQL
11 92 (4.20%) Ruby
12 81 (3.70%) C++
13 77 (3.52%) PHP
14 68 (3.11%) Go
14 68 (3.11%) Perl
15 62 (2.83%) JPQL
16 55 (2.51%) TypeScript
17 53 (2.42%) R
18 52 (2.38%) Bash Shell
19 51 (2.33%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 203 (9.28%) Security Cleared
2 161 (7.36%) SC Cleared
3 127 (5.80%) Degree
4 48 (2.19%) Computer Science Degree
5 47 (2.15%) BPSS Clearance
6 26 (1.19%) Master's Degree
7 12 (0.55%) ISTQB
7 12 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
8 10 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
9 8 (0.37%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.37%) PhD
10 5 (0.23%) DBS Check
10 5 (0.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 4 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
11 4 (0.18%) ISEB
11 4 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
11 4 (0.18%) MCSE
11 4 (0.18%) Postgraduate
12 3 (0.14%) Siebel Certification
12 3 (0.14%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 104 (4.75%) Data Quality
2 71 (3.24%) QA
3 17 (0.78%) GDPR
4 14 (0.64%) SLA
5 7 (0.32%) Basel III
6 5 (0.23%) EMIR
6 5 (0.23%) MiFID
6 5 (0.23%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.18%) PMO
7 4 (0.18%) WCAG
8 3 (0.14%) ISO 20022
8 3 (0.14%) Solvency II
9 2 (0.091%) HL7
9 2 (0.091%) IFRS
10 1 (0.046%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.046%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 278 (12.71%) Docker
2 43 (1.97%) HDFS
3 40 (1.83%) Active Directory
4 26 (1.19%) Virtual Machines
5 21 (0.96%) Apache Flume
6 16 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 13 (0.59%) Oracle RAC
7 13 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
8 10 (0.46%) vSphere
9 5 (0.23%) etcd
9 5 (0.23%) vCloud
10 2 (0.091%) KVM
10 2 (0.091%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 2 (0.091%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 2 (0.091%) VMware Server
11 1 (0.046%) ACF2
11 1 (0.046%) LXC
11 1 (0.046%) oVirt
11 1 (0.046%) RACF
11 1 (0.046%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 124 (5.67%) Opscode Chef
2 109 (4.98%) Ansible
3 98 (4.48%) Kubernetes
4 89 (4.07%) Puppet
5 49 (2.24%) Terraform
6 42 (1.92%) Mesos
7 36 (1.65%) Marathon
8 27 (1.23%) Single Sign-On
9 23 (1.05%) Kibana
10 18 (0.82%) Data Guard
11 16 (0.73%) logstash
11 16 (0.73%) Oozie
12 12 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
13 11 (0.50%) Control-M
13 11 (0.50%) HP Quality Center
13 11 (0.50%) Prometheus
14 7 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
14 7 (0.32%) Oracle RMAN
14 7 (0.32%) Rancher
15 6 (0.27%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 557 (25.46%) Oracle
2 255 (11.65%) Microsoft
3 122 (5.58%) Google
4 86 (3.93%) Sybase
5 71 (3.24%) SAP
6 70 (3.20%) Teradata
7 66 (3.02%) IBM
8 61 (2.79%) Informatica
8 61 (2.79%) Tableau
9 46 (2.10%) Red Hat
10 44 (2.01%) Atlassian
11 40 (1.83%) Splunk
12 39 (1.78%) Cloudera
13 37 (1.69%) Talend
14 32 (1.46%) Adobe
15 27 (1.23%) ServiceNow
16 26 (1.19%) Hortonworks
16 26 (1.19%) TIBCO
17 25 (1.14%) VMware
18 23 (1.05%) hybris