Period
to 19 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 19 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 103 100 132
Rank change year-on-year -3 +32 -26
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2,195 2,061 1,869
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.41% 2.46% 1.92%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.65% 10.84% 8.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,480 1,321 1,279
England median daily rate £500 £450 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £350 £306 £304
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £488 £448 £430
% change year-on-year +8.94% +4.07% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 10 23
England median hourly rate £41.50 £13.50 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +207.41% -62.50% -11.33%
10th Percentile £27.54 £10.50 £16.85
90th Percentile £74.88 £31.63 £50.95
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £16.45 £36.00
% change year-on-year +152.28% -54.31% -4.76%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 20,617 19,019 21,513
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.64% 22.68% 22.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,466 12,767 14,677
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £285
90th Percentile £638 £614 £601
UK median daily rate £464 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +6.00% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 213 237 332
England median hourly rate £35.00 £27.50 £32.20
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +27.27% -14.60% +28.80%
10th Percentile £14.06 £9.25 £12.25
90th Percentile £54.75 £50.00 £53.92
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £29.00 £30.75
% change year-on-year +20.69% -5.69% +18.27%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 19 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 1,275 £538 +7.50% 295
South East -4 415 £500 +14.29% 129
North of England -56 207 £406 +1.56% 147
Midlands +14 150 £425 +13.33% 79
North West +11 114 £375 -3.23% 89
West Midlands +28 89 £440 +10.00% 59
Yorkshire -70 79 £425 +6.25% 51
East of England -37 74 £425 -5.56% 55
South West -4 70 £438 +9.38% 46
East Midlands -15 59 £360 +4.73% 20
North East -31 15 £475 +11.44% 7
South Coast - 2 - -
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 19 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 985 (44.87%) Agile Software Development
2 982 (44.74%) Java
3 946 (43.10%) SQL
4 692 (31.53%) RDBMS
5 647 (29.48%) Oracle
6 623 (28.38%) Linux
7 614 (27.97%) JavaScript
8 581 (26.47%) Git (software)
9 504 (22.96%) Unix
10 502 (22.87%) HTML
11 490 (22.32%) REST
12 483 (22.00%) SQL Server
13 475 (21.64%) Python
14 458 (20.87%) Finance
15 435 (19.82%) TDD
16 421 (19.18%) Continuous Integration
17 404 (18.41%) Spring
18 399 (18.18%) Web Services
19 388 (17.68%) Jenkins
20 386 (17.59%) CSS
21 383 (17.45%) NoSQL
22 375 (17.08%) OO
23 372 (16.95%) Test Automation
24 344 (15.67%) Scrum
25 323 (14.72%) Amazon AWS
26 314 (14.31%) MySQL
27 312 (14.21%) XML
28 308 (14.03%) Problem-Solving
29 291 (13.26%) Microservices
30 283 (12.89%) C#

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 153 (6.97%) Apache Spark
2 142 (6.47%) Apache
3 119 (5.42%) Confluence
4 77 (3.51%) Elasticsearch
5 72 (3.28%) WebSphere
6 55 (2.51%) JBoss
7 48 (2.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 47 (2.14%) SharePoint
9 46 (2.10%) Mule
10 36 (1.64%) SAS
10 36 (1.64%) Tomcat
11 32 (1.46%) WebLogic
12 30 (1.37%) WildFly
13 26 (1.18%) Apache Solr
14 25 (1.14%) Apache Pig
15 24 (1.09%) CMS
16 23 (1.05%) BizTalk Server
17 22 (1.00%) Cloud Foundry
17 22 (1.00%) IIS
18 16 (0.73%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 97 (4.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 26 (1.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 25 (1.14%) Microsoft Office
4 23 (1.05%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.46%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.41%) HipChat
7 8 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.27%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.091%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.046%) InVision
10 1 (0.046%) Shockwave
10 1 (0.046%) SPSS
10 1 (0.046%) Stata
Business Applications
1 15 (0.68%) Magento
2 11 (0.50%) SimCorp Dimension
3 10 (0.46%) ION MarketView
3 10 (0.46%) NetSuite
4 8 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
5 6 (0.27%) Adobe Campaign
5 6 (0.27%) Infor CRM
5 6 (0.27%) SunGard Martini
5 6 (0.27%) thinkFolio
5 6 (0.27%) Unit4 Business World
6 4 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.18%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 4 (0.18%) SAP R/3
7 3 (0.14%) Oracle Assets
7 3 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
7 3 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
7 3 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
7 3 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
7 3 (0.14%) Oracle TCA
7 3 (0.14%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 323 (14.72%) Amazon AWS
2 210 (9.57%) Microsoft Azure
3 45 (2.05%) GitHub
4 39 (1.78%) Google Cloud Platform
5 33 (1.50%) PaaS
6 26 (1.18%) Amazon S3
6 26 (1.18%) OpenShift
6 26 (1.18%) SaaS
7 21 (0.96%) AWS CloudFormation
8 20 (0.91%) Azure Data Factory
8 20 (0.91%) Serverless
9 18 (0.82%) Office 365
10 17 (0.77%) npm
11 16 (0.73%) Amazon EC2
11 16 (0.73%) AWS Lambda
11 16 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
12 15 (0.68%) Amazon ELB
13 13 (0.59%) Amazon Kinesis
13 13 (0.59%) Amazon SQS
14 12 (0.55%) Force.com
Communications & Networking
1 225 (10.25%) HTTP
2 77 (3.51%) TCP/IP
3 55 (2.51%) FTP
3 55 (2.51%) SSL
4 38 (1.73%) DNS
5 33 (1.50%) DHCP
5 33 (1.50%) IPsec
6 25 (1.14%) Internet
7 19 (0.87%) Kerberos
8 18 (0.82%) SMS
9 15 (0.68%) AMQP
10 11 (0.50%) Firewall
11 10 (0.46%) VPN
12 8 (0.36%) Intranet
13 6 (0.27%) MQTT
13 6 (0.27%) SAN
14 5 (0.23%) DVB
15 4 (0.18%) Network Security
15 4 (0.18%) RTMP
15 4 (0.18%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 692 (31.53%) RDBMS
2 483 (22.00%) SQL Server
3 383 (17.45%) NoSQL
4 314 (14.31%) MySQL
5 255 (11.62%) PostgreSQL
6 249 (11.34%) Big Data
7 233 (10.62%) MongoDB
8 204 (9.29%) Data Warehouse
9 193 (8.79%) Hadoop
10 124 (5.65%) Oracle Database
10 124 (5.65%) Redis
11 91 (4.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 75 (3.42%) Apache Hive
13 73 (3.33%) DB2
14 70 (3.19%) Apache Cassandra
15 69 (3.14%) HBase
15 69 (3.14%) Power BI
16 53 (2.41%) Neo4j
17 51 (2.32%) Data Lake
18 50 (2.28%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 581 (26.47%) Git (software)
2 388 (17.68%) Jenkins
3 201 (9.16%) Subversion
4 193 (8.79%) Maven
5 191 (8.70%) JUnit
6 180 (8.20%) JIRA
7 107 (4.87%) Mockito
8 82 (3.74%) Cucumber
9 73 (3.33%) SonarQube
10 71 (3.23%) Visual Studio
11 65 (2.96%) Team Foundation Server
12 61 (2.78%) Gradle
13 55 (2.51%) TeamCity
14 54 (2.46%) Selenium
15 52 (2.37%) NUnit
16 51 (2.32%) Hudson
17 46 (2.10%) Checkstyle
18 43 (1.96%) Eclipse
19 40 (1.82%) Liquibase
19 40 (1.82%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 458 (20.87%) Finance
2 240 (10.93%) Banking
3 139 (6.33%) Front Office
4 130 (5.92%) Investment Banking
5 89 (4.05%) Retail
6 51 (2.32%) Marketing
7 31 (1.41%) Telecoms
8 30 (1.37%) Games
9 29 (1.32%) Financial Institution
10 22 (1.00%) Back Office
11 20 (0.91%) Advertising
12 16 (0.73%) Law
12 16 (0.73%) Manufacturing
13 14 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
14 13 (0.59%) Automotive
15 11 (0.50%) Billing
15 11 (0.50%) Legal
16 10 (0.46%) French Language
16 10 (0.46%) Publishing
17 6 (0.27%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,312 (59.77%) Developer
2 448 (20.41%) Java Developer
3 195 (8.88%) Analyst
4 193 (8.79%) Senior Developer
5 178 (8.11%) Architect
6 163 (7.43%) Python Developer
7 112 (5.10%) .NET Developer
8 100 (4.56%) Senior Java Developer
9 96 (4.37%) Data Engineer
10 95 (4.33%) Django Developer
10 95 (4.33%) Python/Django Developer
11 81 (3.69%) SQL Developer
12 78 (3.55%) Full Stack Developer
13 76 (3.46%) C# Developer
14 73 (3.33%) DevOps Engineer
15 65 (2.96%) Software Engineer
16 58 (2.64%) Solutions Architect
17 54 (2.46%) Integration Developer
18 53 (2.41%) Angular Developer
19 48 (2.19%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 502 (22.87%) HTML
2 490 (22.32%) REST
3 404 (18.41%) Spring
4 399 (18.18%) Web Services
5 386 (17.59%) CSS
6 312 (14.21%) XML
7 253 (11.53%) .NET
8 249 (11.34%) RESTful
9 216 (9.84%) JSON
10 209 (9.52%) AngularJS
11 207 (9.43%) Hibernate
12 159 (7.24%) JMS
13 145 (6.61%) SOAP
14 138 (6.29%) J2EE
15 135 (6.15%) Django
16 129 (5.88%) Node.js
17 127 (5.79%) jQuery
18 125 (5.69%) Java EE
18 125 (5.69%) Kafka
18 125 (5.69%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 254 (11.57%) Analytical Skills
2 86 (3.92%) Computer Science
2 86 (3.92%) Greenfield Project
3 83 (3.78%) Enterprise Software
4 80 (3.64%) Algorithms
5 69 (3.14%) Fixed Income
6 67 (3.05%) Data Structures
7 60 (2.73%) Derivative
8 57 (2.60%) Linux Command Line
8 57 (2.60%) User Experience
9 56 (2.55%) Management Information System
10 47 (2.14%) Self-Motivation
11 40 (1.82%) Equities
11 40 (1.82%) Fintech
12 36 (1.64%) Equity Derivative
13 31 (1.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 28 (1.28%) Clustering
14 28 (1.28%) Hedge funds
15 26 (1.18%) Replication
16 21 (0.96%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 623 (28.38%) Linux
2 504 (22.96%) Unix
3 155 (7.06%) Windows
4 64 (2.92%) Mac OS X
5 31 (1.41%) Windows Server
6 28 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 24 (1.09%) VMS
8 22 (1.00%) Android
8 22 (1.00%) Apple iOS
9 16 (0.73%) AIX
10 15 (0.68%) Solaris
11 12 (0.55%) Ubuntu
12 11 (0.50%) CentOS
13 8 (0.36%) Windows Server 2003
14 7 (0.32%) Windows 7
15 6 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
15 6 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
16 4 (0.18%) HPUX
17 3 (0.14%) Amazon Linux
17 3 (0.14%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 985 (44.87%) Agile Software Development
2 435 (19.82%) TDD
3 421 (19.18%) Continuous Integration
4 375 (17.08%) OO
5 372 (16.95%) Test Automation
6 344 (15.67%) Scrum
7 308 (14.03%) Problem-Solving
8 291 (13.26%) Microservices
9 262 (11.94%) DevOps
10 254 (11.57%) SDLC
11 244 (11.12%) Open Source
12 229 (10.43%) MVC
13 224 (10.21%) Web Development
14 221 (10.07%) BDD
15 208 (9.48%) Analytics
16 207 (9.43%) Business Intelligence
17 204 (9.29%) ETL
18 180 (8.20%) Data Modelling
19 169 (7.70%) Workflow
20 163 (7.43%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 982 (44.74%) Java
2 946 (43.10%) SQL
3 614 (27.97%) JavaScript
4 475 (21.64%) Python
5 283 (12.89%) C#
6 191 (8.70%) Java 8
7 177 (8.06%) Scala
8 118 (5.38%) Shell Script
9 108 (4.92%) PHP
10 102 (4.65%) Ruby
11 101 (4.60%) Perl
12 86 (3.92%) PL/SQL
13 85 (3.87%) Bash Shell
14 75 (3.42%) T-SQL
15 73 (3.33%) C++
16 61 (2.78%) TypeScript
17 57 (2.60%) C
18 56 (2.55%) R
19 44 (2.00%) Go
20 41 (1.87%) VBA
Qualifications
1 207 (9.43%) Degree
2 200 (9.11%) Security Cleared
3 158 (7.20%) SC Cleared
4 49 (2.23%) Computer Science Degree
5 47 (2.14%) BPSS Clearance
6 20 (0.91%) Master's Degree
7 17 (0.77%) Microsoft Certification
8 15 (0.68%) Numerate Degree
9 14 (0.64%) Siebel Certification
10 11 (0.50%) DV Cleared
11 8 (0.36%) TOGAF Certification
12 7 (0.32%) DBS Check
12 7 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
13 6 (0.27%) MCSE
14 5 (0.23%) ISEB
15 4 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
15 4 (0.18%) Postgraduate
16 3 (0.14%) OCPJP
16 3 (0.14%) Sun Certification
17 2 (0.091%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 125 (5.69%) QA
2 97 (4.42%) Data Quality
3 19 (0.87%) GCP
4 15 (0.68%) GDPR
5 13 (0.59%) SLA
6 12 (0.55%) PCI DSS
7 11 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
8 9 (0.41%) EMIR
8 9 (0.41%) MiFID
9 8 (0.36%) Dodd-Frank
10 5 (0.23%) PMO
11 3 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 3 (0.14%) Solvency II
12 1 (0.046%) Basel II
12 1 (0.046%) COBIT
12 1 (0.046%) HL7
12 1 (0.046%) IFRS
12 1 (0.046%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.046%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.046%) WCAG
System Software
1 195 (8.88%) Docker
2 37 (1.69%) Virtual Machines
3 32 (1.46%) HDFS
4 30 (1.37%) Active Directory
5 23 (1.05%) Apache Flume
6 21 (0.96%) VMware Infrastructure
7 14 (0.64%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 14 (0.64%) Oracle RAC
8 7 (0.32%) vSphere
9 6 (0.27%) VMware Server
10 4 (0.18%) etcd
11 3 (0.14%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 3 (0.14%) Xen
12 2 (0.091%) Oracle Clusterware
12 2 (0.091%) vCloud
12 2 (0.091%) Virtual Servers
13 1 (0.046%) KVM
13 1 (0.046%) LXC
13 1 (0.046%) oVirt
13 1 (0.046%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 105 (4.78%) Opscode Chef
2 88 (4.01%) Puppet
3 82 (3.74%) Ansible
4 52 (2.37%) Kubernetes
5 28 (1.28%) Mesos
6 27 (1.23%) Terraform
7 19 (0.87%) Hadoop YARN
7 19 (0.87%) Marathon
7 19 (0.87%) Single Sign-On
8 16 (0.73%) Oozie
9 13 (0.59%) Data Guard
10 11 (0.50%) HP Quality Center
10 11 (0.50%) Kibana
10 11 (0.50%) Rancher
11 10 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
11 10 (0.46%) ITRS Geneos
12 8 (0.36%) BladeLogic
13 6 (0.27%) Business Desktop Deployment
13 6 (0.27%) Oracle RMAN
14 5 (0.23%) Control-M
Vendors
1 647 (29.48%) Oracle
2 195 (8.88%) Microsoft
3 85 (3.87%) Google
4 73 (3.33%) SAP
5 59 (2.69%) Tableau
6 58 (2.64%) IBM
7 57 (2.60%) Sybase
8 55 (2.51%) Salesforce.com
9 48 (2.19%) Informatica
10 45 (2.05%) Hortonworks
10 45 (2.05%) Teradata
11 41 (1.87%) Cloudera
12 37 (1.69%) Talend
13 33 (1.50%) Atlassian
13 33 (1.50%) Zend
14 28 (1.28%) MuleSoft
14 28 (1.28%) VMware
15 25 (1.14%) Siebel
16 23 (1.05%) MapR
17 22 (1.00%) Adobe