Period
to 20 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
20 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 143 107 107
Rank change year-on-year -36 0 +31
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,561 2,286 2,060
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.90% 2.45% 2.34%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.59% 10.64% 10.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 986 1,497 1,306
England median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% +1.12%
10th Percentile £363 £340 £313
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £484 £450
% change year-on-year +3.31% +7.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 19 12
England median hourly rate £48.32 £40.50 £20.74
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.30% +95.25% -42.38%
10th Percentile £18.13 £17.40 £11.17
90th Percentile £60.13 £51.50 £35.00
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £40.50 £23.81
% change year-on-year +17.28% +70.08% -33.85%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 18,172 21,475 19,970
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.12% 23.01% 22.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,579 15,135 13,426
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £303
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 237 226 229
England median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £14.30 £14.00 £11.18
90th Percentile £60.30 £53.13 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £29.50 £31.00
% change year-on-year +18.64% -4.84% +8.77%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 20 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -28 907 £550 +0.58% 219
South East -23 277 £450 -5.26% 102
North of England +3 140 £463 +15.63% 94
Midlands -39 85 £414 -2.65% 62
North West -9 78 £450 +18.42% 48
South West -17 75 £450 +12.50% 41
East of England +16 69 £450 +5.88% 36
Yorkshire -12 55 £500 +17.65% 30
West Midlands -22 53 £438 -0.57% 40
East Midlands -15 31 £400 - 22
North East +16 7 £431 +7.81% 17
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 20 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 728 (46.64%) SQL
2 654 (41.90%) Agile Software Development
3 578 (37.03%) RDBMS
4 547 (35.04%) Java
5 442 (28.32%) Oracle
6 414 (26.52%) SQL Server
7 348 (22.29%) Linux
8 344 (22.04%) JavaScript
9 337 (21.59%) Python
10 334 (21.40%) Amazon AWS
11 314 (20.12%) Microservices
12 309 (19.80%) MySQL
13 298 (19.09%) Finance
14 297 (19.03%) DevOps
15 287 (18.39%) Git (software)
16 277 (17.75%) TDD
17 274 (17.55%) HTML
18 267 (17.10%) Microsoft Azure
19 249 (15.95%) Continuous Integration
20 246 (15.76%) C#
21 236 (15.12%) Test Automation
22 234 (14.99%) ETL
23 231 (14.80%) Web Services
24 226 (14.48%) Microsoft
25 225 (14.41%) Docker
26 223 (14.29%) CSS
27 220 (14.09%) Scrum
28 212 (13.58%) NoSQL
28 212 (13.58%) Jenkins
29 206 (13.20%) .NET

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 99 (6.34%) Apache Spark
2 94 (6.02%) Apache
3 76 (4.87%) Confluence
4 58 (3.72%) Elasticsearch
5 40 (2.56%) Tomcat
6 39 (2.50%) SharePoint
7 31 (1.99%) JBoss
8 26 (1.67%) SAS
8 26 (1.67%) WebSphere
9 21 (1.35%) nginx
10 17 (1.09%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 16 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
12 14 (0.90%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 14 (0.90%) WebLogic
13 12 (0.77%) Documentum
14 11 (0.70%) CMS
14 11 (0.70%) WebSphere Application Server
15 10 (0.64%) NetWeaver
16 8 (0.51%) Appian
16 8 (0.51%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 86 (5.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (2.63%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (1.60%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.96%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (0.77%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.13%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.064%) GNU Octave
7 1 (0.064%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.064%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.064%) SPSS
7 1 (0.064%) Stata
7 1 (0.064%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 19 (1.22%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 10 (0.64%) Oracle Applications
3 9 (0.58%) Oracle EBS
3 9 (0.58%) Sonata
4 8 (0.51%) Oracle EBS R12
4 8 (0.51%) SAP ERP
4 8 (0.51%) SAP Hybris
5 7 (0.45%) Adobe Campaign
6 6 (0.38%) Magento
7 4 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
7 4 (0.26%) PolarLake
8 3 (0.19%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 3 (0.19%) Infor M3
8 3 (0.19%) Markit EDM
9 2 (0.13%) SAP BPC
9 2 (0.13%) SAP R/3
9 2 (0.13%) Summit
9 2 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
10 1 (0.064%) BusinessWorks
Cloud Services
1 334 (21.40%) Amazon AWS
2 267 (17.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 111 (7.11%) Power Platform
4 81 (5.19%) Google Cloud Platform
5 74 (4.74%) Amazon S3
6 68 (4.36%) GitHub
7 64 (4.10%) Serverless
8 61 (3.91%) Amazon EC2
9 53 (3.40%) Amazon SQS
10 50 (3.20%) AWS Lambda
11 43 (2.75%) AWS CloudFormation
12 26 (1.67%) SaaS
13 25 (1.60%) Cloud Computing
14 24 (1.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 23 (1.47%) PaaS
15 23 (1.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 22 (1.41%) AWS CloudTrail
17 19 (1.22%) Amazon Glacier
17 19 (1.22%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
18 18 (1.15%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 130 (8.33%) HTTP
2 84 (5.38%) TCP/IP
3 61 (3.91%) DNS
4 59 (3.78%) FTP
4 59 (3.78%) SSL
5 45 (2.88%) DHCP
6 43 (2.75%) IPsec
7 31 (1.99%) WAN
8 29 (1.86%) Internet
9 28 (1.79%) Firewall
10 18 (1.15%) Network Security
11 16 (1.02%) Intrusion Detection
12 10 (0.64%) LAN
13 8 (0.51%) Modbus
14 7 (0.45%) POP3
14 7 (0.45%) SAN
14 7 (0.45%) SMTP
15 5 (0.32%) FIX Connectivity
15 5 (0.32%) VPN
16 4 (0.26%) RTMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 578 (37.03%) RDBMS
2 414 (26.52%) SQL Server
3 309 (19.80%) MySQL
4 212 (13.58%) NoSQL
5 195 (12.49%) PostgreSQL
6 190 (12.17%) Data Warehouse
7 169 (10.83%) MongoDB
8 167 (10.70%) Big Data
9 135 (8.65%) Oracle Database
10 107 (6.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 105 (6.73%) Hadoop
11 105 (6.73%) Power BI
12 69 (4.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 61 (3.91%) Amazon RDS
14 58 (3.72%) Apache Cassandra
15 51 (3.27%) Oracle Database 11g
16 48 (3.07%) Amazon Redshift
16 48 (3.07%) Apache Hive
17 47 (3.01%) Data Lake
18 43 (2.75%) Redis
Development Applications
1 287 (18.39%) Git (software)
2 212 (13.58%) Jenkins
3 170 (10.89%) JIRA
4 85 (5.45%) Maven
5 72 (4.61%) Selenium
6 66 (4.23%) JUnit
7 61 (3.91%) Subversion
8 55 (3.52%) Cucumber
9 45 (2.88%) Mockito
10 43 (2.75%) Visual Studio Team System
11 42 (2.69%) TeamCity
12 40 (2.56%) Travis CI
13 36 (2.31%) Visual Studio
14 27 (1.73%) SonarQube
15 26 (1.67%) Mocha
16 21 (1.35%) Ant
16 21 (1.35%) Bitbucket
16 21 (1.35%) Jasmine
17 18 (1.15%) webpack
18 17 (1.09%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 298 (19.09%) Finance
2 131 (8.39%) Banking
3 89 (5.70%) Public Sector
4 60 (3.84%) Retail
5 59 (3.78%) Front Office
5 59 (3.78%) Investment Banking
6 45 (2.88%) Marketing
7 33 (2.11%) Games
8 29 (1.86%) Legal
9 23 (1.47%) Telecoms
10 19 (1.22%) Financial Institution
11 18 (1.15%) Manufacturing
12 11 (0.70%) Publishing
13 10 (0.64%) Electronics
13 10 (0.64%) Law
14 9 (0.58%) Back Office
15 8 (0.51%) Advertising
16 7 (0.45%) Local Government
17 6 (0.38%) Automotive
18 5 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 766 (49.07%) Developer
2 220 (14.09%) Java Developer
3 149 (9.55%) Analyst
4 137 (8.78%) Architect
5 114 (7.30%) Senior Developer
6 77 (4.93%) DevOps Engineer
7 76 (4.87%) Full Stack Developer
8 74 (4.74%) Data Engineer
9 73 (4.68%) C# Developer
10 67 (4.29%) Consultant
11 64 (4.10%) .NET Developer
12 61 (3.91%) DBA
13 57 (3.65%) SQL Developer
14 53 (3.40%) Python Developer
15 51 (3.27%) Data Analyst
16 49 (3.14%) AWS Engineer
17 46 (2.95%) AWS Developer
17 46 (2.95%) Software Engineer
18 43 (2.75%) Senior Java Developer
19 40 (2.56%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 274 (17.55%) HTML
2 231 (14.80%) Web Services
3 223 (14.29%) CSS
4 206 (13.20%) .NET
5 197 (12.62%) XML
6 188 (12.04%) AngularJS
6 188 (12.04%) REST
7 178 (11.40%) RESTful
8 176 (11.27%) Spring
9 173 (11.08%) JSON
10 112 (7.17%) React
11 102 (6.53%) SOAP
12 99 (6.34%) Kafka
13 98 (6.28%) Node.js
14 90 (5.77%) HTML5
15 80 (5.12%) J2EE
16 71 (4.55%) .NET Framework
16 71 (4.55%) jQuery
17 68 (4.36%) ASP.NET
18 64 (4.10%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 168 (10.76%) Analytical Skills
2 82 (5.25%) Data Structures
3 65 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
4 50 (3.20%) Self-Motivation
5 44 (2.82%) Enterprise Software
6 43 (2.75%) Algorithms
6 43 (2.75%) Management Information System
7 30 (1.92%) Replication
8 27 (1.73%) Data Centre
8 27 (1.73%) Fixed Income
8 27 (1.73%) Mobile App
9 23 (1.47%) User Experience
10 22 (1.41%) Derivative
10 22 (1.41%) Public Cloud
11 21 (1.35%) Clustering
12 20 (1.28%) Credit Risk
12 20 (1.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 19 (1.22%) Equities
14 15 (0.96%) Client/Server
14 15 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 348 (22.29%) Linux
2 198 (12.68%) Unix
3 142 (9.10%) Windows
4 36 (2.31%) Windows Server
5 34 (2.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 25 (1.60%) Mac OS X
7 17 (1.09%) AIX
8 12 (0.77%) CentOS
8 12 (0.77%) Solaris
8 12 (0.77%) Windows Server 2012
9 11 (0.70%) VMS
10 10 (0.64%) Apple iOS
11 9 (0.58%) Android
12 8 (0.51%) Oracle Linux
13 7 (0.45%) Mac OS
14 6 (0.38%) Windows 7
14 6 (0.38%) Windows 8
14 6 (0.38%) Windows Server 2008
14 6 (0.38%) zOS
15 3 (0.19%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 654 (41.90%) Agile Software Development
2 314 (20.12%) Microservices
3 297 (19.03%) DevOps
4 277 (17.75%) TDD
5 249 (15.95%) Continuous Integration
6 236 (15.12%) Test Automation
7 234 (14.99%) ETL
8 220 (14.09%) Scrum
9 187 (11.98%) Business Intelligence
10 186 (11.92%) Data Modelling
11 182 (11.66%) OO
12 173 (11.08%) Analytics
13 157 (10.06%) Problem-Solving
14 156 (9.99%) Migration
15 151 (9.67%) MVC
16 142 (9.10%) Software Engineering
17 133 (8.52%) Open Source
18 118 (7.56%) Kanban
19 107 (6.85%) SDLC
20 106 (6.79%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 728 (46.64%) SQL
2 547 (35.04%) Java
3 344 (22.04%) JavaScript
4 337 (21.59%) Python
5 246 (15.76%) C#
6 91 (5.83%) Shell Script
7 89 (5.70%) Scala
7 89 (5.70%) T-SQL
8 81 (5.19%) Java 8
9 80 (5.12%) PL/SQL
10 62 (3.97%) PowerShell
11 56 (3.59%) Ruby
12 55 (3.52%) Bash Shell
12 55 (3.52%) Perl
13 52 (3.33%) PHP
14 51 (3.27%) TypeScript
15 49 (3.14%) C++
16 33 (2.11%) VBA
17 32 (2.05%) C
18 24 (1.54%) Go
Qualifications
1 130 (8.33%) Security Cleared
2 102 (6.53%) Degree
3 98 (6.28%) SC Cleared
4 38 (2.43%) Computer Science Degree
5 22 (1.41%) DV Cleared
6 16 (1.02%) Microsoft Certification
7 15 (0.96%) BPSS Clearance
8 14 (0.90%) Oracle Certification
9 13 (0.83%) OCP
10 12 (0.77%) CTC Cleared
11 11 (0.70%) Master's Degree
12 9 (0.58%) MCP
12 9 (0.58%) SAP Certification
13 8 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
14 6 (0.38%) AWS Certification
14 6 (0.38%) ISTQB
15 4 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
15 4 (0.26%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 4 (0.26%) MCSE
15 4 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (3.91%) Data Quality
2 54 (3.46%) QA
3 15 (0.96%) SLA
4 14 (0.90%) GDPR
5 8 (0.51%) PCI DSS
6 7 (0.45%) HL7
6 7 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.26%) IFRS
8 4 (0.26%) Solvency II
9 3 (0.19%) EMIR
9 3 (0.19%) MiFID
10 2 (0.13%) COBIT
10 2 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.13%) ISO 14001
10 2 (0.13%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.13%) PMO
10 2 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.064%) Def Stans
11 1 (0.064%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 225 (14.41%) Docker
2 49 (3.14%) Active Directory
3 41 (2.63%) Virtual Machines
4 29 (1.86%) Oracle RAC
5 15 (0.96%) HDFS
6 10 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
7 5 (0.32%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
8 4 (0.26%) VirtualBox
9 3 (0.19%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 3 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.13%) KVM
10 2 (0.13%) vSphere
11 1 (0.064%) ISA Server
11 1 (0.064%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.064%) Terminal Server
11 1 (0.064%) vCloud
11 1 (0.064%) Xen
11 1 (0.064%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 163 (10.44%) Kubernetes
2 105 (6.73%) Ansible
3 97 (6.21%) Puppet
4 81 (5.19%) Opscode Chef
5 76 (4.87%) Terraform
6 24 (1.54%) Single Sign-On
7 23 (1.47%) Oracle RMAN
8 18 (1.15%) Data Guard
8 18 (1.15%) Packer
9 15 (0.96%) Consul
10 13 (0.83%) Hadoop YARN
10 13 (0.83%) HP Quality Center
11 12 (0.77%) HP ALM
11 12 (0.77%) Kibana
11 12 (0.77%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 11 (0.70%) Control-M
12 11 (0.70%) SCCM
13 8 (0.51%) Oozie
14 7 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
15 4 (0.26%) Grafana
Vendors
1 442 (28.32%) Oracle
2 226 (14.48%) Microsoft
3 70 (4.48%) Google
4 56 (3.59%) Tableau
5 54 (3.46%) IBM
5 54 (3.46%) SAP
6 40 (2.56%) Informatica
7 37 (2.37%) Atlassian
8 35 (2.24%) Sybase
9 34 (2.18%) Red Hat
9 34 (2.18%) Salesforce.com
10 24 (1.54%) ServiceNow
11 22 (1.41%) Adobe
11 22 (1.41%) Sparx
12 21 (1.35%) Talend
13 20 (1.28%) hybris
13 20 (1.28%) MuleSoft
14 19 (1.22%) HP
14 19 (1.22%) VMware
15 14 (0.90%) Cloudera