Period
to 18 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Big Data skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Big Data over the 6 months to 18 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Big Data
UK > England
6 months to
18 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 103 84 74
Rank change year-on-year -19 -10 +8
Contract jobs citing Big Data 1,072 1,182 2,770
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.35% 2.67% 3.30%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 11.25% 12.32% 14.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 725 866 2,022
10th Percentile £425 £400 £413
25th Percentile £488 £463 £480
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £563 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +2.27% - -
75th Percentile £656 £656 £638
90th Percentile £738 £725 £713
UK median daily rate £563 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +2.27% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 4 9
10th Percentile £19.00 £40.00 £22.45
25th Percentile £26.88 £43.38 £47.43
Median hourly rate £41.00 £46.75 £49.86
Median % change year-on-year -12.30% -6.24% +7.81%
75th Percentile £51.69 £51.31 £57.50
90th Percentile £59.38 £57.28 £63.00
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £46.75 £49.93
% change year-on-year -19.79% -6.37% +7.96%

Big Data is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 9,532 9,593 19,141
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.93% 21.65% 22.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,595 6,675 13,462
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £409 £405 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £475
% change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +2.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 171 142 212
10th Percentile £11.25 £13.80 £14.00
25th Percentile £17.61 £17.87 £17.59
Median hourly rate £24.00 £24.70 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year -2.83% -17.67% +10.46%
75th Percentile £48.75 £45.63 £47.69
90th Percentile £63.75 £57.70 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £26.00 £24.70 £28.50
% change year-on-year +5.26% -13.33% -5.00%

Big Data
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Big Data as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Big Data in England

Big Data
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Big Data in England.

Daily rate trend for Big Data in England

Big Data
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Big Data in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Big Data in England

Big Data
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Big Data in England.

Hourly rate trend for Big Data in England

Big Data
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Big Data in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Big Data in England

Big Data
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Big Data within the England region over the 6 months to 18 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 731 £575 +2.22% 202
South East -54 82 £525 +5.00% 41
South West +62 79 £525 -5.75% 21
North of England -53 59 £555 -7.50% 42
North West -44 38 £574 -11.73% 28
Midlands -1 29 £565 +10.24% 10
East of England +18 23 £600 +43.20% 34
Yorkshire -4 20 £550 +3.04% 9
West Midlands -2 19 £550 +17.33% 5
East Midlands +12 10 £725 +31.82% 5
North East +11 1 £700 - 5
Big Data
UK

For the 6 months to 18 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Big Data also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Big Data.

1 364 (33.96%) Agile Software Development
2 359 (33.49%) Apache Spark
3 345 (32.18%) Python
4 336 (31.34%) SQL
5 320 (29.85%) Analytics
6 314 (29.29%) AWS
7 300 (27.99%) Hadoop
8 298 (27.80%) Azure
9 279 (26.03%) Java
10 261 (24.35%) Finance
11 238 (22.20%) Kafka
11 238 (22.20%) DevOps
12 222 (20.71%) Social Skills
13 206 (19.22%) Data Warehouse
14 194 (18.10%) Scala
15 191 (17.82%) Data Modelling
16 188 (17.54%) ETL
17 181 (16.88%) GCP
18 173 (16.14%) Kubernetes
19 170 (15.86%) Security Cleared
20 165 (15.39%) Apache Hive
21 154 (14.37%) Business Intelligence
22 152 (14.18%) SC Cleared
23 150 (13.99%) Apache
23 150 (13.99%) Data Pipeline
24 149 (13.90%) Data Lake
25 147 (13.71%) Docker
26 142 (13.25%) Analytical Skills
27 134 (12.50%) Data Science
28 130 (12.13%) Migration

Big Data
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 359 (33.49%) Apache Spark
2 150 (13.99%) Apache
3 67 (6.25%) Apache Airflow
4 37 (3.45%) Confluence
5 28 (2.61%) Elasticsearch
6 24 (2.24%) Oracle Coherence
7 18 (1.68%) SAS
8 11 (1.03%) Jupyter
9 10 (0.93%) Luigi
9 10 (0.93%) SharePoint
10 7 (0.65%) Apache Pig
11 6 (0.56%) OpenStack
11 6 (0.56%) Oracle Workflow
12 4 (0.37%) Apache Pulsar
13 3 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 3 (0.28%) WebLogic
14 2 (0.19%) Apache Solr
14 2 (0.19%) WordPress
15 1 (0.093%) MS Project Server
15 1 (0.093%) nginx
Applications
1 9 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.37%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.37%) SPSS
4 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.093%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.093%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.093%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.75%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.37%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.28%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.19%) SAP ERP
4 2 (0.19%) SAP MDM
5 1 (0.093%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.093%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.093%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.093%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.093%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.093%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.093%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.093%) SAP CRM
5 1 (0.093%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.093%) SAP IS-U
5 1 (0.093%) SAP MDG
5 1 (0.093%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 314 (29.29%) AWS
2 298 (27.80%) Azure
3 181 (16.88%) GCP
4 121 (11.29%) Serverless
5 68 (6.34%) Power Platform
6 60 (5.60%) Amazon S3
7 50 (4.66%) AWS Lambda
8 38 (3.54%) PaaS
9 37 (3.45%) Amazon EMR
9 37 (3.45%) GitHub
10 35 (3.26%) Cloud Computing
11 32 (2.99%) Amazon EC2
12 29 (2.71%) Azure Synapse Analytics
12 29 (2.71%) IaaS
13 28 (2.61%) Azure Data Factory
14 16 (1.49%) Amazon Kinesis
14 16 (1.49%) AWS CloudFormation
14 16 (1.49%) SaaS
15 15 (1.40%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 14 (1.31%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 25 (2.33%) HTTP
2 12 (1.12%) Firewall
3 9 (0.84%) Network Security
4 5 (0.47%) Remote Desktop
5 4 (0.37%) Internet
6 3 (0.28%) DNS
6 3 (0.28%) SMTP
7 2 (0.19%) DHCP
7 2 (0.19%) FTP
7 2 (0.19%) Wireshark
8 1 (0.093%) ATM
8 1 (0.093%) Broadband
8 1 (0.093%) Cisco IOS
8 1 (0.093%) IMAP
8 1 (0.093%) Intrusion Detection
8 1 (0.093%) LAN
8 1 (0.093%) TCP/IP
8 1 (0.093%) VLAN
8 1 (0.093%) VPN
8 1 (0.093%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 300 (27.99%) Hadoop
2 206 (19.22%) Data Warehouse
3 165 (15.39%) Apache Hive
4 149 (13.90%) Data Lake
5 114 (10.63%) NoSQL
6 87 (8.12%) Relational Database
7 69 (6.44%) BigQuery
8 66 (6.16%) Power BI
9 63 (5.88%) MongoDB
10 59 (5.50%) PostgreSQL
10 59 (5.50%) SQL Server
11 56 (5.22%) HBase
12 49 (4.57%) Tableau
13 47 (4.38%) Amazon Redshift
14 44 (4.10%) Impala
15 40 (3.73%) Data Mining
15 40 (3.73%) Snowflake Schema
16 36 (3.36%) Apache Cassandra
17 34 (3.17%) Amazon RDS
18 31 (2.89%) Flink
Development Applications
1 87 (8.12%) Jenkins
2 66 (6.16%) JIRA
3 60 (5.60%) Git (software)
4 31 (2.89%) GitLab
4 31 (2.89%) PowerDesigner
5 26 (2.43%) Maven
6 23 (2.15%) kappa
7 16 (1.49%) Sonatype Nexus
7 16 (1.49%) TeamCity
8 13 (1.21%) Gradle
9 12 (1.12%) Bitbucket
10 11 (1.03%) ERwin
10 11 (1.03%) IBM UrbanCode
10 11 (1.03%) Visual Studio Team System
11 9 (0.84%) Artifactory
11 9 (0.84%) Cucumber
12 8 (0.75%) Selenium
13 7 (0.65%) Gatling
14 6 (0.56%) Oracle APEX
14 6 (0.56%) RStudio
General
1 261 (24.35%) Finance
2 222 (20.71%) Social Skills
3 142 (13.25%) Analytical Skills
4 130 (12.13%) Banking
5 54 (5.04%) Investment Banking
6 33 (3.08%) Retail
7 30 (2.80%) Presentation Skills
8 28 (2.61%) Public Sector
9 27 (2.52%) Marketing
10 24 (2.24%) Front Office
11 21 (1.96%) Telecoms
12 18 (1.68%) Influencing Skills
13 16 (1.49%) Documentation Skills
14 14 (1.31%) Legal
15 13 (1.21%) Games
16 11 (1.03%) Pharmaceutical
17 8 (0.75%) Automotive
17 8 (0.75%) French Language
17 8 (0.75%) Multimedia
18 6 (0.56%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 243 (22.67%) Architect
2 236 (22.01%) Data Engineer
3 209 (19.50%) Developer
4 138 (12.87%) Data Architect
5 87 (8.12%) Big Data Engineer
6 84 (7.84%) Solutions Architect
7 62 (5.78%) Analyst
8 57 (5.32%) Software Engineer
9 56 (5.22%) Scala Developer
10 55 (5.13%) AWS Engineer
10 55 (5.13%) DevOps Engineer
11 47 (4.38%) Senior Developer
12 45 (4.20%) Cloud Architect
13 42 (3.92%) Java Developer
14 37 (3.45%) Data Analyst
15 33 (3.08%) Azure Architect
15 33 (3.08%) Big Data Developer
15 33 (3.08%) DV Cleared Software Engineer
16 32 (2.99%) Big Data Architect
17 31 (2.89%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 238 (22.20%) Kafka
2 67 (6.25%) PySpark
3 62 (5.78%) Apache NiFi
4 53 (4.94%) Web Services
5 32 (2.99%) .NET
6 30 (2.80%) RESTful
7 28 (2.61%) Spring
8 27 (2.52%) JSON
9 26 (2.43%) Spark Streaming
10 24 (2.24%) Akka
10 24 (2.24%) HTML
10 24 (2.24%) React
11 23 (2.15%) Velocity
12 21 (1.96%) Node.js
12 21 (1.96%) REST
13 20 (1.87%) NumPy
14 17 (1.59%) Samza
15 16 (1.49%) Play Framework
16 15 (1.40%) Pandas
16 15 (1.40%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 48 (4.48%) Data Structures
2 38 (3.54%) Algorithms
3 30 (2.80%) Greenfield Project
3 30 (2.80%) Virtual Team
4 28 (2.61%) Cloud Native
5 27 (2.52%) Market Risk
6 25 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
7 19 (1.77%) Grid Computing
7 19 (1.77%) Linux Command Line
8 17 (1.59%) Hybrid Cloud
8 17 (1.59%) User Experience
9 15 (1.40%) Data Centre
9 15 (1.40%) iPad
10 14 (1.31%) Management Information System
10 14 (1.31%) Reference Data
11 12 (1.12%) FMCG
11 12 (1.12%) Hedge funds
12 11 (1.03%) Analytical Mindset
12 11 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
13 10 (0.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 97 (9.05%) Linux
2 37 (3.45%) Unix
3 15 (1.40%) Windows
4 5 (0.47%) AIX
4 5 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 3 (0.28%) Android
6 2 (0.19%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.19%) HPUX
6 2 (0.19%) Solaris
6 2 (0.19%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
6 2 (0.19%) Ubuntu
6 2 (0.19%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.093%) MVS
7 1 (0.093%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 364 (33.96%) Agile Software Development
2 320 (29.85%) Analytics
3 238 (22.20%) DevOps
4 191 (17.82%) Data Modelling
5 188 (17.54%) ETL
6 154 (14.37%) Business Intelligence
7 150 (13.99%) Data Pipeline
8 134 (12.50%) Data Science
9 130 (12.13%) Migration
10 126 (11.75%) Data Engineering
11 124 (11.57%) Software Engineering
12 113 (10.54%) Microservices
13 112 (10.45%) Data Architecture
14 109 (10.17%) Data Management
15 104 (9.70%) Scrum
16 97 (9.05%) SDLC
17 95 (8.86%) Data Analytics
17 95 (8.86%) Machine Learning
18 92 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
19 90 (8.40%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 345 (32.18%) Python
2 336 (31.34%) SQL
3 279 (26.03%) Java
4 194 (18.10%) Scala
5 44 (4.10%) R
6 43 (4.01%) JavaScript
7 35 (3.26%) C#
8 34 (3.17%) Shell Script
9 23 (2.15%) C++
10 19 (1.77%) Bash Shell
10 19 (1.77%) C
10 19 (1.77%) Groovy
11 17 (1.59%) Go
11 17 (1.59%) PL/SQL
11 17 (1.59%) TypeScript
12 16 (1.49%) T-SQL
13 15 (1.40%) Haskell
14 12 (1.12%) Ruby
15 10 (0.93%) PowerShell
16 6 (0.56%) Perl
Qualifications
1 170 (15.86%) Security Cleared
2 152 (14.18%) SC Cleared
3 72 (6.72%) DV Cleared
4 53 (4.94%) Degree
5 18 (1.68%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (0.75%) AWS Certification
7 7 (0.65%) Master's Degree
7 7 (0.65%) TOGAF Certification
8 6 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
8 6 (0.56%) PhD
9 5 (0.47%) CISM
9 5 (0.47%) CISSP
10 4 (0.37%) CCA
11 3 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.28%) CESG Certified Professional
11 3 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.093%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 1 (0.093%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.093%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 1 (0.093%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (6.72%) Data Quality
2 37 (3.45%) QA
3 16 (1.49%) GDPR
4 9 (0.84%) SLA
5 8 (0.75%) PMO
6 4 (0.37%) IFRS
7 3 (0.28%) IFRS 9
7 3 (0.28%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.28%) NCSC
8 2 (0.19%) MiFID
9 1 (0.093%) Actionable Recommendations
9 1 (0.093%) Basel II
9 1 (0.093%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.093%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 147 (13.71%) Docker
2 64 (5.97%) HDFS
3 14 (1.31%) Active Directory
4 12 (1.12%) Apache Flume
5 7 (0.65%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 5 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.093%) Platform Symphony
7 1 (0.093%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 173 (16.14%) Kubernetes
2 84 (7.84%) Terraform
3 83 (7.74%) Ansible
4 28 (2.61%) Oozie
5 25 (2.33%) Hadoop YARN
6 20 (1.87%) Puppet
7 9 (0.84%) Control-M
7 9 (0.84%) Packer
8 7 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
9 5 (0.47%) Kibana
10 3 (0.28%) MIIS
10 3 (0.28%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.19%) HP Fortify
11 2 (0.19%) Kubeflow
11 2 (0.19%) Rancher
11 2 (0.19%) WebInspect
12 1 (0.093%) Grafana
12 1 (0.093%) logstash
12 1 (0.093%) Mesos
12 1 (0.093%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 122 (11.38%) Oracle
2 105 (9.79%) Google
3 98 (9.14%) Cloudera
4 94 (8.77%) Databricks
5 87 (8.12%) Microsoft
6 35 (3.26%) Hortonworks
7 33 (3.08%) SAP
8 30 (2.80%) BiZZdesign
9 25 (2.33%) IBM
10 20 (1.87%) Informatica
11 17 (1.59%) Alteryx
11 17 (1.59%) MuleSoft
12 16 (1.49%) Teradata
12 16 (1.49%) VMware
13 15 (1.40%) Talend
14 14 (1.31%) Salesforce.com
15 11 (1.03%) MapR
16 9 (0.84%) StreamSets
17 8 (0.75%) Ab Initio
17 8 (0.75%) Dataiku