Period
to 28 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 90 71 92
Rank change year-on-year -19 +21 -28
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,832 1,153 1,713
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.62% 3.30% 2.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.27% 10.74% 8.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,320 836 1,235
10th Percentile £425 £365 £400
25th Percentile £488 £450 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £517
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +1.55% -0.34%
75th Percentile £671 £625 £588
90th Percentile £750 £700 £650
UK median daily rate £550 £513 £513
% change year-on-year +7.32% - +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 8 1
10th Percentile £53.69 £41.55 -
25th Percentile £56.00 £51.75 -
Median hourly rate £69.20 £56.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +22.48% +13.00% +17.65%
75th Percentile £72.13 £58.00 -
90th Percentile £80.86 £61.00 -
UK median hourly rate £65.54 £55.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year +19.16% +10.00% +19.76%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 19,766 10,739 19,832
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 28.30% 30.75% 30.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,687 7,697 14,192
10th Percentile £381 £318 £331
25th Percentile £450 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £488 £500
Median % change year-on-year +12.82% -2.50% +1.01%
75th Percentile £650 £585 £575
90th Percentile £749 £663 £650
UK median daily rate £550 £480 £493
% change year-on-year +14.58% -2.54% +3.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 219 126 174
10th Percentile £21.00 £24.50 £18.77
25th Percentile £35.00 £31.41 £33.44
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.95
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -4.15% +11.99%
75th Percentile £67.00 £57.50 £53.21
90th Percentile £77.24 £62.02 £78.75
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.40
% change year-on-year +11.11% -3.02% +10.48%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -25 1,201 £600 +9.09% 343
North of England -53 127 £525 +10.53% 86
South West -10 108 £517 +13.94% 33
South East -32 91 £600 +37.14% 42
East of England -14 83 £540 +8.00% 25
North West -12 76 £500 +5.26% 51
Midlands -39 60 £495 +15.65% 41
West Midlands -32 45 £495 +15.65% 34
Yorkshire -58 40 £550 +22.22% 23
North East -16 13 £550 +10.00% 12
East Midlands -25 13 £450 +4.65% 7
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,755 (95.80%) Java
2 1,065 (58.13%) Spring Boot
3 1,002 (54.69%) Agile Software Development
4 900 (49.13%) Microservices
5 642 (35.04%) CI/CD
6 545 (29.75%) Jenkins
7 533 (29.09%) Docker
8 523 (28.55%) Git (software)
9 482 (26.31%) TDD
10 466 (25.44%) Kubernetes
10 466 (25.44%) Java 8
11 462 (25.22%) AWS
12 436 (23.80%) REST
13 434 (23.69%) SQL
14 428 (23.36%) DevOps
15 415 (22.65%) JavaScript
16 409 (22.33%) Maven
17 369 (20.14%) Banking
18 364 (19.87%) Finance
19 344 (18.78%) Software Engineering
20 335 (18.29%) Scrum
21 310 (16.92%) Oracle
21 310 (16.92%) Kafka
22 308 (16.81%) RESTful
23 299 (16.32%) Hibernate
24 298 (16.27%) Test Automation
25 282 (15.39%) Linux
26 276 (15.07%) Social Skills
27 264 (14.41%) BDD
28 251 (13.70%) Azure

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 180 (9.83%) Confluence
2 87 (4.75%) Tomcat
3 61 (3.33%) JBoss
4 56 (3.06%) Mule
5 54 (2.95%) Red Hat Fuse
6 52 (2.84%) Apache
7 48 (2.62%) Elasticsearch
7 48 (2.62%) WebLogic
8 45 (2.46%) Apache Spark
9 30 (1.64%) Cloud Foundry
10 20 (1.09%) WebSphere
11 13 (0.71%) OpenStack
12 12 (0.66%) nginx
13 11 (0.60%) WebSphere Application Server
14 10 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 9 (0.49%) Camunda
15 9 (0.49%) CMS
15 9 (0.49%) IIS
16 8 (0.44%) Jetty
16 8 (0.44%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.16%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.055%) AutoCAD
3 1 (0.055%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.055%) Pro/ENGINEER
3 1 (0.055%) PTC Creo
3 1 (0.055%) Siemens NX
3 1 (0.055%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 12 (0.66%) TIBCO iProcess
2 6 (0.33%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
3 3 (0.16%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 2 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.11%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.055%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.055%) Magento
5 1 (0.055%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.055%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.055%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.055%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 462 (25.22%) AWS
2 251 (13.70%) Azure
3 155 (8.46%) GCP
4 88 (4.80%) OpenShift
5 81 (4.42%) GitHub
6 77 (4.20%) Serverless
7 51 (2.78%) Apigee
8 47 (2.57%) Kong
9 46 (2.51%) AWS Lambda
10 38 (2.07%) Amazon S3
11 33 (1.80%) Amazon EC2
12 30 (1.64%) Amazon SQS
13 20 (1.09%) Amazon ECS
14 19 (1.04%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 16 (0.87%) IaaS
15 16 (0.87%) PaaS
16 15 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
16 15 (0.82%) SaaS
17 13 (0.71%) npm
18 12 (0.66%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 50 (2.73%) HTTP
2 9 (0.49%) DSL
3 7 (0.38%) Intranet
3 7 (0.38%) VPN
4 6 (0.33%) MQTT
4 6 (0.33%) TCP/IP
5 5 (0.27%) AMQP
5 5 (0.27%) Internet
5 5 (0.27%) Kerberos
5 5 (0.27%) SSL
6 4 (0.22%) DNS
6 4 (0.22%) Firewall
7 3 (0.16%) LAN
8 2 (0.11%) FTP
8 2 (0.11%) SSH
9 1 (0.055%) 3GPP
9 1 (0.055%) BIG-IP
9 1 (0.055%) Network Security
9 1 (0.055%) SNMP
9 1 (0.055%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 242 (13.21%) NoSQL
2 240 (13.10%) MongoDB
3 203 (11.08%) Relational Database
4 197 (10.75%) PostgreSQL
5 170 (9.28%) MySQL
6 130 (7.10%) SQL Server
7 72 (3.93%) Oracle Database
8 69 (3.77%) Redis
9 63 (3.44%) RDBMS
10 56 (3.06%) Apache Cassandra
11 43 (2.35%) Hazelcast
12 36 (1.97%) Hadoop
13 34 (1.86%) Big Data
14 33 (1.80%) DB2
15 29 (1.58%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 24 (1.31%) Couchbase
17 21 (1.15%) BusinessObjects
18 20 (1.09%) Amazon RDS
19 14 (0.76%) InterSystems Cache
20 13 (0.71%) HBase
Development Applications
1 545 (29.75%) Jenkins
2 523 (28.55%) Git (software)
3 409 (22.33%) Maven
4 251 (13.70%) JIRA
5 212 (11.57%) JUnit
6 148 (8.08%) Cucumber
7 141 (7.70%) GitLab
8 100 (5.46%) Mockito
9 92 (5.02%) Gradle
10 74 (4.04%) Selenium
11 70 (3.82%) SonarQube
11 70 (3.82%) Sonatype Nexus
12 61 (3.33%) TeamCity
13 60 (3.28%) Artifactory
14 59 (3.22%) Bitbucket
15 56 (3.06%) Subversion
16 43 (2.35%) JMeter
17 42 (2.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 41 (2.24%) IntelliJ
19 35 (1.91%) REST Assured
General
1 369 (20.14%) Banking
2 364 (19.87%) Finance
3 276 (15.07%) Social Skills
4 161 (8.79%) Investment Banking
5 98 (5.35%) Public Sector
6 94 (5.13%) Front Office
7 79 (4.31%) Analytical Skills
8 70 (3.82%) Retail
9 24 (1.31%) Manufacturing
10 23 (1.26%) Marketing
11 18 (0.98%) Financial Institution
11 18 (0.98%) Retail Banking
12 16 (0.87%) Documentation Skills
12 16 (0.87%) Electronics
12 16 (0.87%) Telecoms
13 14 (0.76%) Legal
14 13 (0.71%) Games
14 13 (0.71%) Presentation Skills
15 12 (0.66%) Automotive
15 12 (0.66%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,369 (74.73%) Developer
2 1,084 (59.17%) Java Developer
3 233 (12.72%) Senior Developer
4 203 (11.08%) Senior Java Developer
5 130 (7.10%) Full Stack Developer
6 121 (6.60%) Java Engineer
7 82 (4.48%) Software Engineer
8 71 (3.88%) Architect
9 55 (3.00%) SC Cleared Java Developer
10 50 (2.73%) Integration Developer
11 48 (2.62%) Software Developer
12 46 (2.51%) Backend Developer
13 38 (2.07%) Java Software Engineer
14 37 (2.02%) Agile Developer
14 37 (2.02%) Agile Java Developer
15 34 (1.86%) Senior Java Engineer
16 33 (1.80%) DevOps Engineer
17 32 (1.75%) Consultant
18 29 (1.58%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 29 (1.58%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,065 (58.13%) Spring Boot
2 436 (23.80%) REST
3 310 (16.92%) Kafka
4 308 (16.81%) RESTful
5 299 (16.32%) Hibernate
6 236 (12.88%) Node.js
7 235 (12.83%) Web Services
8 234 (12.77%) AngularJS
9 233 (12.72%) React
10 206 (11.24%) HTML
11 181 (9.88%) CSS
12 161 (8.79%) JSON
13 150 (8.19%) XML
14 141 (7.70%) J2EE
15 133 (7.26%) Apache Camel
16 130 (7.10%) JPA
17 112 (6.11%) SOAP
18 111 (6.06%) Middleware
19 90 (4.91%) JMS
20 89 (4.86%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 61 (3.33%) Cloud Native
2 60 (3.28%) Greenfield Project
3 51 (2.78%) Data Protection Act
4 49 (2.67%) User Experience
5 45 (2.46%) Enterprise Software
6 40 (2.18%) Virtual Team
7 33 (1.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 29 (1.58%) Fixed Income
9 28 (1.53%) Algorithms
10 27 (1.47%) Hybrid Cloud
11 26 (1.42%) Data Structures
11 26 (1.42%) Mobile App
12 22 (1.20%) Public Cloud
13 19 (1.04%) iPad
13 19 (1.04%) Self-Motivation
14 18 (0.98%) Derivative
15 16 (0.87%) Credit Risk
16 15 (0.82%) Equities
16 15 (0.82%) N-Tier
17 12 (0.66%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 282 (15.39%) Linux
2 182 (9.93%) Unix
3 40 (2.18%) Windows
4 39 (2.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 12 (0.66%) Mesosphere
6 11 (0.60%) Android
7 8 (0.44%) CentOS
7 8 (0.44%) Windows Server
8 6 (0.33%) Solaris
8 6 (0.33%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.27%) Apple iOS
10 4 (0.22%) Debian
11 3 (0.16%) Mac OS
11 3 (0.16%) VMS
12 2 (0.11%) MVS
12 2 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
13 1 (0.055%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.055%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.055%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,002 (54.69%) Agile Software Development
2 900 (49.13%) Microservices
3 642 (35.04%) CI/CD
4 482 (26.31%) TDD
5 428 (23.36%) DevOps
6 344 (18.78%) Software Engineering
7 335 (18.29%) Scrum
8 298 (16.27%) Test Automation
9 264 (14.41%) BDD
10 233 (12.72%) Full Stack Development
11 170 (9.28%) Continuous Integration
12 148 (8.08%) OO
13 134 (7.31%) Problem-Solving
14 125 (6.82%) Open Source
15 120 (6.55%) Unit Testing
16 112 (6.11%) Kanban
17 109 (5.95%) Pair Programming
18 108 (5.90%) SDLC
19 104 (5.68%) Multithreading
20 102 (5.57%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,755 (95.80%) Java
2 466 (25.44%) Java 8
3 434 (23.69%) SQL
4 415 (22.65%) JavaScript
5 231 (12.61%) Java 11
6 138 (7.53%) Python
7 86 (4.69%) Kotlin
8 84 (4.59%) Shell Script
9 79 (4.31%) Scala
10 72 (3.93%) TypeScript
11 71 (3.88%) PL/SQL
12 45 (2.46%) Groovy
13 35 (1.91%) Bash
14 25 (1.36%) C#
15 21 (1.15%) Go
15 21 (1.15%) Perl
16 19 (1.04%) C++
17 18 (0.98%) T-SQL
18 12 (0.66%) ES6
18 12 (0.66%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 202 (11.03%) Security Cleared
2 141 (7.70%) SC Cleared
3 46 (2.51%) Degree
4 35 (1.91%) DV Cleared
5 28 (1.53%) BPSS Clearance
5 28 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
6 25 (1.36%) Sun Certification
7 20 (1.09%) OCPJP
8 10 (0.55%) AWS Certification
9 6 (0.33%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.33%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 5 (0.27%) Master's Degree
11 4 (0.22%) CTC Cleared
12 2 (0.11%) DBS Check
13 1 (0.055%) BC Cleared
13 1 (0.055%) CFA
13 1 (0.055%) CISSP
13 1 (0.055%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (3.06%) QA
2 29 (1.58%) Accessibility
3 8 (0.44%) SLA
4 7 (0.38%) GDPR
5 5 (0.27%) WCAG
6 4 (0.22%) ISO 20022
7 3 (0.16%) Basel II
8 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.055%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.055%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.055%) PSD2
9 1 (0.055%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.055%) SEPA
System Software
1 533 (29.09%) Docker
2 8 (0.44%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.38%) OpenAM
4 4 (0.22%) Platform Symphony
5 3 (0.16%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.16%) HDFS
5 3 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.11%) NFS
6 2 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
6 2 (0.11%) Postfix
7 1 (0.055%) FreeRADIUS
7 1 (0.055%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.055%) Shibboleth
7 1 (0.055%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.055%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 466 (25.44%) Kubernetes
2 190 (10.37%) Terraform
3 129 (7.04%) Ansible
4 34 (1.86%) Kibana
5 29 (1.58%) Grafana
6 26 (1.42%) Puppet
7 21 (1.15%) Prometheus
8 20 (1.09%) logstash
9 15 (0.82%) Opscode Chef
10 12 (0.66%) Rancher
11 11 (0.60%) Single Sign-On
12 10 (0.55%) Istio
13 9 (0.49%) Graphite
14 8 (0.44%) Data Guard
15 7 (0.38%) Docker Swarm
16 3 (0.16%) Consul
16 3 (0.16%) Oozie
16 3 (0.16%) Packer
17 2 (0.11%) HAProxy
17 2 (0.11%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 310 (16.92%) Oracle
2 88 (4.80%) Google
3 51 (2.78%) Red Hat
4 49 (2.67%) Microsoft
5 36 (1.97%) AppDynamics
6 34 (1.86%) IBM
7 31 (1.69%) Splunk
8 29 (1.58%) Atlassian
8 29 (1.58%) WSO2
9 26 (1.42%) Sybase
10 25 (1.36%) MuleSoft
11 22 (1.20%) SAP
12 21 (1.15%) Solace
13 20 (1.09%) Informatica
13 20 (1.09%) Sun
14 19 (1.04%) webMethods
15 18 (0.98%) BEA
16 15 (0.82%) Dynatrace
17 13 (0.71%) TIBCO
18 11 (0.60%) hybris