Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 58 62 78
Rank change year-on-year +4 +16 +32
Contract jobs citing Spring 3,814 3,264 2,976
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.04% 3.58% 3.01%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.44% 11.02% 9.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,811 2,284 2,238
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £380 £350 £325
90th Percentile £638 £625 £582
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 14 7
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.25 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.03% -8.33% -18.18%
10th Percentile £31.56 £37.00 £35.20
90th Percentile £56.78 £53.75 £111.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year +3.03% -8.33% -18.18%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,353 29,610 30,409
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.37% 32.44% 30.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,706 20,918 21,316
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 311 364 360
England median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +1.24%
10th Percentile £15.75 £18.83 £13.50
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.50 £51.50
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +0.13%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +7 2,070 £550 +5.77% 438
South East +8 659 £500 +5.26% 177
North of England -6 509 £438 +2.94% 179
Midlands +32 291 £450 +5.88% 98
North West +4 269 £450 +2.86% 112
Yorkshire -17 192 £438 +3.55% 55
East of England -6 179 £480 +6.96% 55
West Midlands +27 174 £450 -10.00% 44
East Midlands +27 112 £419 -1.47% 54
South West -45 102 £423 +2.42% 59
North East +16 50 £407 +1.75% 12
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 3,691 (96.78%) Java
2 2,340 (61.35%) Agile Software Development
3 1,729 (45.33%) Spring Boot
4 1,573 (41.24%) Java 8
5 1,542 (40.43%) TDD
6 1,456 (38.18%) Microservices
7 1,110 (29.10%) Hibernate
8 1,074 (28.16%) JavaScript
9 1,009 (26.46%) Git (software)
10 980 (25.69%) REST
11 977 (25.62%) Docker
12 956 (25.07%) Jenkins
12 956 (25.07%) Maven
13 897 (23.52%) BDD
14 862 (22.60%) Web Services
15 858 (22.50%) RESTful
16 795 (20.84%) Amazon AWS
17 773 (20.27%) Scrum
18 752 (19.72%) SQL
19 698 (18.30%) Continuous Integration
20 692 (18.14%) DevOps
21 669 (17.54%) AngularJS
22 650 (17.04%) JUnit
23 635 (16.65%) HTML
24 615 (16.12%) Finance
25 566 (14.84%) NoSQL
26 537 (14.08%) Linux
27 525 (13.77%) J2EE
27 525 (13.77%) Test Automation
28 519 (13.61%) MVC

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 282 (7.39%) Tomcat
2 266 (6.97%) Apache
3 222 (5.82%) Confluence
4 217 (5.69%) Elasticsearch
5 192 (5.03%) JBoss
6 136 (3.57%) WebSphere
7 126 (3.30%) Apache Spark
8 114 (2.99%) WebLogic
9 103 (2.70%) Mule
10 88 (2.31%) Cloud Foundry
11 66 (1.73%) Jetty
12 58 (1.52%) MQSeries
12 58 (1.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 57 (1.49%) Apache Solr
14 51 (1.34%) CMS
15 42 (1.10%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 39 (1.02%) nginx
17 20 (0.52%) Alfresco
17 20 (0.52%) GlassFish
18 19 (0.50%) WordPress
Applications
1 10 (0.26%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.079%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.052%) AutoCAD
5 2 (0.052%) InVision
5 2 (0.052%) Windchill
6 1 (0.026%) CATIA
6 1 (0.026%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.026%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 45 (1.18%) SAP Hybris
2 11 (0.29%) ION MarketView
3 10 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.16%) Remedy AR System
4 6 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
5 4 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.10%) Global One
5 4 (0.10%) Workday HCM
6 3 (0.079%) Oracle Financials
6 3 (0.079%) Oracle Retail
6 3 (0.079%) PeopleSoft Financials
6 3 (0.079%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.079%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.052%) BusinessWorks
7 2 (0.052%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.052%) Kondor
7 2 (0.052%) LatentZero
7 2 (0.052%) Magento
7 2 (0.052%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.052%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 795 (20.84%) Amazon AWS
2 175 (4.59%) Microsoft Azure
3 106 (2.78%) GitHub
4 81 (2.12%) Amazon EC2
5 63 (1.65%) PaaS
6 54 (1.42%) Google Cloud Platform
6 54 (1.42%) OpenShift
7 42 (1.10%) SaaS
7 42 (1.10%) Serverless
8 34 (0.89%) AWS Lambda
9 33 (0.87%) Amazon S3
10 32 (0.84%) Heroku
11 29 (0.76%) Amazon SQS
12 26 (0.68%) npm
13 25 (0.66%) IaaS
14 22 (0.58%) AWS CloudFormation
15 20 (0.52%) Google Analytics
16 16 (0.42%) Cloud Computing
17 14 (0.37%) Amazon Kinesis
18 11 (0.29%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 189 (4.96%) HTTP
2 94 (2.46%) TCP/IP
3 71 (1.86%) SSL
4 38 (1.00%) FTP
5 30 (0.79%) DNS
6 25 (0.66%) Kerberos
7 24 (0.63%) Firewall
8 20 (0.52%) SMS
9 15 (0.39%) AMQP
10 13 (0.34%) Internet
11 10 (0.26%) MPLS
12 8 (0.21%) Ethernet
13 7 (0.18%) DSL
13 7 (0.18%) Wireless
14 5 (0.13%) BIG-IP
14 5 (0.13%) SMTP
14 5 (0.13%) SNMP
14 5 (0.13%) VPN
15 4 (0.10%) DOCSIS
15 4 (0.10%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 566 (14.84%) NoSQL
2 515 (13.50%) MongoDB
3 431 (11.30%) Relational Database
4 365 (9.57%) PostgreSQL
5 328 (8.60%) MySQL
6 244 (6.40%) SQL Server
7 226 (5.93%) Apache Cassandra
8 184 (4.82%) Big Data
9 183 (4.80%) Hadoop
10 155 (4.06%) RDBMS
11 107 (2.81%) Oracle Database
12 82 (2.15%) Redis
13 75 (1.97%) Couchbase
14 52 (1.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 50 (1.31%) HBase
16 37 (0.97%) Oracle Database 11g
17 31 (0.81%) Apache Hive
18 27 (0.71%) Data Warehouse
19 23 (0.60%) Hazelcast
20 20 (0.52%) Riak
Development Applications
1 1,009 (26.46%) Git (software)
2 956 (25.07%) Jenkins
2 956 (25.07%) Maven
3 650 (17.04%) JUnit
4 423 (11.09%) JIRA
5 294 (7.71%) Gradle
6 263 (6.90%) Cucumber
7 262 (6.87%) Mockito
8 235 (6.16%) Subversion
9 201 (5.27%) Selenium
10 168 (4.40%) Eclipse
11 164 (4.30%) IntelliJ
12 110 (2.88%) Ant
13 98 (2.57%) SonarQube
14 96 (2.52%) Hudson
15 82 (2.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 74 (1.94%) SoapUI
17 73 (1.91%) Bitbucket
17 73 (1.91%) jMock
18 66 (1.73%) gulp
General
1 615 (16.12%) Finance
2 494 (12.95%) Banking
3 166 (4.35%) Investment Banking
4 140 (3.67%) Retail
5 128 (3.36%) Front Office
6 87 (2.28%) Games
7 43 (1.13%) Telecoms
8 35 (0.92%) Advertising
9 34 (0.89%) Back Office
10 25 (0.66%) Marketing
11 24 (0.63%) Financial Institution
12 20 (0.52%) Manufacturing
13 19 (0.50%) Law
14 16 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
15 15 (0.39%) Legal
16 13 (0.34%) Retail Banking
17 10 (0.26%) Automotive
17 10 (0.26%) Billing
18 9 (0.24%) Publishing
19 8 (0.21%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 3,123 (81.88%) Developer
2 2,700 (70.79%) Java Developer
3 421 (11.04%) Senior Developer
4 389 (10.20%) Senior Java Developer
5 247 (6.48%) Full Stack Developer
6 209 (5.48%) Architect
7 206 (5.40%) Agile Developer
8 200 (5.24%) Java Engineer
9 168 (4.40%) AWS Developer
10 160 (4.20%) Agile Java Developer
11 152 (3.99%) Lead Developer
12 146 (3.83%) Software Engineer
13 143 (3.75%) Lead Java Developer
14 134 (3.51%) Angular Developer
15 110 (2.88%) Java Software Engineer
16 95 (2.49%) Scala Developer
17 93 (2.44%) Backend Developer
18 81 (2.12%) Java Architect
19 71 (1.86%) Technical Architect
20 70 (1.84%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,729 (45.33%) Spring Boot
2 1,110 (29.10%) Hibernate
3 980 (25.69%) REST
4 862 (22.60%) Web Services
5 858 (22.50%) RESTful
6 669 (17.54%) AngularJS
7 635 (16.65%) HTML
8 525 (13.77%) J2EE
9 496 (13.00%) CSS
10 450 (11.80%) Kafka
11 383 (10.04%) Node.js
12 374 (9.81%) SOAP
13 358 (9.39%) React
14 357 (9.36%) JSON
15 353 (9.26%) Spring MVC
16 337 (8.84%) JMS
17 319 (8.36%) Apache Camel
18 308 (8.08%) HTML5
19 306 (8.02%) XML
20 237 (6.21%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 426 (11.17%) Greenfield Project
2 135 (3.54%) Fintech
3 119 (3.12%) User Experience
4 117 (3.07%) Computer Science
5 94 (2.46%) Fixed Income
6 88 (2.31%) Analytical Skills
7 72 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
8 66 (1.73%) Mobile App
9 60 (1.57%) Derivative
10 59 (1.55%) Algorithms
11 49 (1.28%) Equities
12 40 (1.05%) iPad
13 39 (1.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 38 (1.00%) Data Structures
15 30 (0.79%) Cloud Native
16 27 (0.71%) Self-Motivation
17 25 (0.66%) Management Information System
18 24 (0.63%) NHS
19 22 (0.58%) Equity Derivative
20 20 (0.52%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 537 (14.08%) Linux
2 364 (9.54%) Unix
3 68 (1.78%) Windows
4 41 (1.07%) Android
5 39 (1.02%) Apple iOS
6 33 (0.87%) Ubuntu
7 19 (0.50%) Solaris
8 18 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 17 (0.45%) CentOS
10 8 (0.21%) VMS
11 5 (0.13%) Mac OS
11 5 (0.13%) Mac OS X
11 5 (0.13%) Windows Server
12 4 (0.10%) HPUX
13 3 (0.079%) AIX
13 3 (0.079%) Debian
14 2 (0.052%) OpenVMS
15 1 (0.026%) DC/OS
15 1 (0.026%) Oracle Linux
15 1 (0.026%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,340 (61.35%) Agile Software Development
2 1,542 (40.43%) TDD
3 1,456 (38.18%) Microservices
4 897 (23.52%) BDD
5 773 (20.27%) Scrum
6 698 (18.30%) Continuous Integration
7 692 (18.14%) DevOps
8 525 (13.77%) Test Automation
9 519 (13.61%) MVC
10 458 (12.01%) Software Engineering
11 375 (9.83%) Open Source
12 370 (9.70%) Kanban
12 370 (9.70%) OO
13 278 (7.29%) E-Commerce
14 275 (7.21%) Pair Programming
15 272 (7.13%) SOA
16 254 (6.66%) Unit Testing
17 210 (5.51%) Problem-Solving
18 206 (5.40%) Multithreading
19 194 (5.09%) Digital Transformation Programme
Programming Languages
1 3,691 (96.78%) Java
2 1,573 (41.24%) Java 8
3 1,074 (28.16%) JavaScript
4 752 (19.72%) SQL
5 299 (7.84%) Scala
6 192 (5.03%) Python
7 136 (3.57%) PL/SQL
8 128 (3.36%) Groovy
9 114 (2.99%) Ruby
10 89 (2.33%) ES6
11 83 (2.18%) C#
11 83 (2.18%) Java 9
12 73 (1.91%) Shell Script
13 58 (1.52%) TypeScript
14 47 (1.23%) Bash Shell
15 45 (1.18%) Kotlin
16 44 (1.15%) Perl
17 42 (1.10%) PHP
18 40 (1.05%) T-SQL
19 33 (0.87%) C++
Qualifications
1 242 (6.35%) Security Cleared
2 167 (4.38%) Degree
3 166 (4.35%) SC Cleared
4 72 (1.89%) Computer Science Degree
5 65 (1.70%) BPSS Clearance
6 21 (0.55%) Master's Degree
7 14 (0.37%) DV Cleared
8 9 (0.24%) BC Cleared
8 9 (0.24%) ISTQB
9 8 (0.21%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 8 (0.21%) Sun Certification
10 6 (0.16%) DBS Check
10 6 (0.16%) OCPJP
11 5 (0.13%) HND
11 5 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.079%) PMI Certification
13 2 (0.052%) AWS Certification
13 2 (0.052%) PMP
14 1 (0.026%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 1 (0.026%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 104 (2.73%) QA
2 17 (0.45%) PMO
3 13 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
4 12 (0.31%) GDPR
5 6 (0.16%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.10%) PSD2
7 3 (0.079%) ISO 20022
8 2 (0.052%) HL7
8 2 (0.052%) SLA
8 2 (0.052%) WAI
9 1 (0.026%) IFRS
9 1 (0.026%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 977 (25.62%) Docker
2 57 (1.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 41 (1.07%) vSphere
4 38 (1.00%) VMware Infrastructure
5 37 (0.97%) HDFS
6 11 (0.29%) Active Directory
7 7 (0.18%) LXC
8 6 (0.16%) etcd
9 5 (0.13%) OpenAM
10 4 (0.10%) vCloud
11 2 (0.052%) NFS
11 2 (0.052%) OpenDJ
11 2 (0.052%) Postfix
11 2 (0.052%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 1 (0.026%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 1 (0.026%) Oracle RAC
12 1 (0.026%) Shibboleth
12 1 (0.026%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.026%) VMware Server
12 1 (0.026%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 356 (9.33%) Kubernetes
2 261 (6.84%) Ansible
3 201 (5.27%) Puppet
4 139 (3.64%) Opscode Chef
5 132 (3.46%) Terraform
6 51 (1.34%) Grafana
6 51 (1.34%) Kibana
7 48 (1.26%) Cobbler
8 40 (1.05%) Mesos
9 38 (1.00%) Hadoop YARN
10 35 (0.92%) Marathon
11 31 (0.81%) logstash
12 29 (0.76%) Docker Swarm
13 23 (0.60%) Prometheus
14 21 (0.55%) Consul
15 20 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
16 13 (0.34%) linkerd
17 11 (0.29%) Control-M
18 8 (0.21%) CA Single Sign-On
18 8 (0.21%) Graylog
Vendors
1 474 (12.43%) Oracle
2 154 (4.04%) Google
3 100 (2.62%) IBM
4 82 (2.15%) hybris
5 72 (1.89%) SAP
6 67 (1.76%) Microsoft
7 62 (1.63%) MuleSoft
7 62 (1.63%) Sybase
8 57 (1.49%) Adobe
9 51 (1.34%) Splunk
10 50 (1.31%) Red Hat
10 50 (1.31%) VMware
11 42 (1.10%) TIBCO
12 40 (1.05%) Atlassian
13 38 (1.00%) AppDynamics
14 28 (0.73%) Apigee
14 28 (0.73%) Salesforce.com
14 28 (0.73%) webMethods
15 21 (0.55%) WSO2
16 18 (0.47%) Solace