Period
to 18 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 69 90 62
Rank change year-on-year +21 -28 -1
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,135 1,708 3,554
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.36% 2.60% 3.90%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.89% 8.55% 11.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 966 1,259 2,605
Median daily rate £525 £513 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% - +6.22%
10th Percentile £354 £400 £381
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £513 £500
% change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 1 8
Median hourly rate £56.50 £50.00 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.00% +14.29% -2.78%
10th Percentile £41.85 £50.00 £33.16
90th Percentile £59.00 £50.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £50.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - +17.65% -5.56%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,426 19,966 31,473
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.84% 30.35% 34.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,429 14,205 22,626
Median daily rate £490 £500 £495
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.00% +1.01% +4.21%
10th Percentile £313 £335 £325
90th Percentile £663 £651 £638
UK median daily rate £482 £495 £480
% change year-on-year -2.63% +3.13% +3.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 120 184 242
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £41.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +9.93% +4.61%
10th Percentile £22.10 £17.21 £18.55
90th Percentile £62.03 £78.75 £60.23
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £41.85
% change year-on-year -2.17% +9.93% +4.61%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +14 750 £550 - 229
North of England +38 145 £450 -5.26% 108
Yorkshire +15 68 £450 -8.86% 34
South West +40 57 £450 -5.26% 31
East of England +100 51 £500 +5.26% 17
South East -5 51 £400 -15.79% 52
North West +43 49 £473 -0.53% 61
Midlands -20 34 £428 -6.19% 32
North East +38 28 £475 +11.76% 13
West Midlands -18 22 £400 -15.79% 19
East Midlands +17 10 £508 +35.33% 13
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,080 (95.15%) Java
2 612 (53.92%) Agile Software Development
3 592 (52.16%) Spring Boot
4 557 (49.07%) Microservices
5 390 (34.36%) Java 8
6 357 (31.45%) Jenkins
7 351 (30.93%) Git (software)
8 342 (30.13%) REST
9 330 (29.07%) Docker
10 327 (28.81%) AWS
11 314 (27.67%) TDD
12 301 (26.52%) Kubernetes
13 288 (25.37%) Maven
14 253 (22.29%) Finance
15 252 (22.20%) JavaScript
15 252 (22.20%) SQL
16 250 (22.03%) Scrum
17 240 (21.15%) Banking
18 221 (19.47%) DevOps
19 196 (17.27%) Web Services
20 195 (17.18%) Linux
21 191 (16.83%) Continuous Integration
22 189 (16.65%) BDD
23 179 (15.77%) React
24 177 (15.59%) Apache Camel
25 176 (15.51%) JIRA
26 175 (15.42%) AngularJS
27 171 (15.07%) Hibernate
28 170 (14.98%) HTML
29 169 (14.89%) Node.js

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 147 (12.95%) Mule
2 121 (10.66%) Confluence
3 97 (8.55%) Red Hat Fuse
4 76 (6.70%) Cloud Foundry
5 68 (5.99%) JBoss
6 54 (4.76%) Elasticsearch
7 53 (4.67%) Apache
8 48 (4.23%) WebSphere
9 46 (4.05%) WebLogic
10 32 (2.82%) Tomcat
11 20 (1.76%) Apache Spark
12 16 (1.41%) Camunda
13 13 (1.15%) WebSphere Application Server
14 12 (1.06%) BizTalk Server
15 10 (0.88%) Apache ServiceMix
16 9 (0.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 8 (0.70%) Apache Solr
17 8 (0.70%) SharePoint
18 7 (0.62%) Anypoint
18 7 (0.62%) Jetty
Applications
1 3 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.088%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.088%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (0.62%) Temenos T24
2 5 (0.44%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.18%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.088%) Exstream
5 1 (0.088%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.088%) Minerva
5 1 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.088%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 327 (28.81%) AWS
2 131 (11.54%) Azure
3 102 (8.99%) GitHub
4 65 (5.73%) GCP
5 53 (4.67%) Slack
6 50 (4.41%) PaaS
7 44 (3.88%) OpenShift
8 33 (2.91%) IaaS
9 31 (2.73%) Apigee
10 27 (2.38%) Serverless
11 26 (2.29%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 22 (1.94%) Amazon ECS
13 17 (1.50%) Amazon EC2
14 15 (1.32%) Amazon Kinesis
14 15 (1.32%) SaaS
15 14 (1.23%) Amazon SQS
15 14 (1.23%) AWS CloudFormation
15 14 (1.23%) Boomi
16 13 (1.15%) Cloud Computing
16 13 (1.15%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 43 (3.79%) HTTP
2 14 (1.23%) Internet
2 14 (1.23%) SSL
3 6 (0.53%) AMQP
4 5 (0.44%) DNS
4 5 (0.44%) FTP
4 5 (0.44%) TCP/IP
5 4 (0.35%) SSH
6 3 (0.26%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.18%) Ethernet
7 2 (0.18%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.18%) LAN
7 2 (0.18%) Network Security
7 2 (0.18%) WebEx
8 1 (0.088%) DAB
8 1 (0.088%) DHCP
8 1 (0.088%) Firewall
8 1 (0.088%) FIX Connectivity
8 1 (0.088%) Reverse Proxy
8 1 (0.088%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 164 (14.45%) Relational Database
2 116 (10.22%) NoSQL
3 108 (9.52%) PostgreSQL
4 106 (9.34%) MySQL
5 93 (8.19%) MongoDB
6 62 (5.46%) SQL Server
7 35 (3.08%) Oracle Database
8 32 (2.82%) Hadoop
9 30 (2.64%) Apache Cassandra
10 29 (2.56%) RDBMS
11 26 (2.29%) Redis
12 21 (1.85%) Amazon RDS
13 19 (1.67%) Hazelcast
14 18 (1.59%) Big Data
15 11 (0.97%) Amazon Aurora
16 10 (0.88%) Apache Hive
16 10 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
17 9 (0.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 9 (0.79%) Couchbase
17 9 (0.79%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 357 (31.45%) Jenkins
2 351 (30.93%) Git (software)
3 288 (25.37%) Maven
4 176 (15.51%) JIRA
5 167 (14.71%) JUnit
6 92 (8.11%) Sonatype Nexus
7 86 (7.58%) Mockito
8 77 (6.78%) Gradle
9 75 (6.61%) Cucumber
10 70 (6.17%) GitLab
10 70 (6.17%) Subversion
11 52 (4.58%) Selenium
12 50 (4.41%) SonarQube
13 48 (4.23%) Android Studio
14 46 (4.05%) IntelliJ
15 43 (3.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 41 (3.61%) CocoaPods
16 41 (3.61%) Xcode
17 33 (2.91%) JMeter
18 32 (2.82%) Artifactory
General
1 253 (22.29%) Finance
2 240 (21.15%) Banking
3 113 (9.96%) Front Office
4 90 (7.93%) Investment Banking
5 67 (5.90%) Public Sector
6 27 (2.38%) Retail
7 22 (1.94%) Games
8 18 (1.59%) Marketing
9 12 (1.06%) Telecoms
10 11 (0.97%) Retail Banking
11 10 (0.88%) Advertising
12 9 (0.79%) Manufacturing
13 6 (0.53%) Financial Institution
14 5 (0.44%) Back Office
14 5 (0.44%) Electronics
15 4 (0.35%) Corporate Banking
15 4 (0.35%) Legal
16 3 (0.26%) Aerospace
17 2 (0.18%) Military
18 1 (0.088%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 860 (75.77%) Developer
2 650 (57.27%) Java Developer
3 151 (13.30%) Senior Developer
4 132 (11.63%) Senior Java Developer
5 94 (8.28%) Full Stack Developer
6 83 (7.31%) Java Engineer
7 72 (6.34%) Integration Developer
8 66 (5.81%) Architect
9 61 (5.37%) AWS Developer
10 54 (4.76%) Software Engineer
11 44 (3.88%) SC Cleared Java Developer
12 34 (3.00%) Java Software Engineer
13 32 (2.82%) React Developer
14 30 (2.64%) Lead Developer
14 30 (2.64%) Solutions Architect
15 27 (2.38%) Senior Integration Developer
16 26 (2.29%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 25 (2.20%) Backend Developer
18 24 (2.11%) Angular Developer
19 23 (2.03%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 592 (52.16%) Spring Boot
2 342 (30.13%) REST
3 196 (17.27%) Web Services
4 179 (15.77%) React
5 177 (15.59%) Apache Camel
6 175 (15.42%) AngularJS
7 171 (15.07%) Hibernate
8 170 (14.98%) HTML
9 169 (14.89%) Node.js
10 165 (14.54%) RESTful
11 164 (14.45%) Middleware
12 160 (14.10%) Kafka
13 152 (13.39%) JSON
14 120 (10.57%) Spring Integration
15 116 (10.22%) CSS
16 113 (9.96%) XML
17 94 (8.28%) HTML5
18 90 (7.93%) SOAP
19 81 (7.14%) JMS
20 80 (7.05%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 108 (9.52%) Mobile App
2 61 (5.37%) Enterprise Software
3 46 (4.05%) User Experience
4 44 (3.88%) Fixed Income
5 36 (3.17%) Analytical Skills
6 34 (3.00%) Data Structures
7 32 (2.82%) Clustering
8 31 (2.73%) Greenfield Project
9 27 (2.38%) Public Cloud
10 17 (1.50%) Algorithms
10 17 (1.50%) Self-Motivation
11 16 (1.41%) Cloud Native
12 15 (1.32%) Virtual Team
13 14 (1.23%) Credit Risk
14 13 (1.15%) Linux Command Line
15 12 (1.06%) Derivative
15 12 (1.06%) Mobile Payment
16 9 (0.79%) Equities
16 9 (0.79%) Market Risk
17 8 (0.70%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 195 (17.18%) Linux
2 141 (12.42%) Unix
3 61 (5.37%) Android
4 52 (4.58%) Apple iOS
5 32 (2.82%) Windows
6 12 (1.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 8 (0.70%) Mac OS X
8 5 (0.44%) CentOS
9 4 (0.35%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.26%) Debian
11 2 (0.18%) Solaris
12 1 (0.088%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.088%) OpenVMS
12 1 (0.088%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 612 (53.92%) Agile Software Development
2 557 (49.07%) Microservices
3 314 (27.67%) TDD
4 250 (22.03%) Scrum
5 221 (19.47%) DevOps
6 191 (16.83%) Continuous Integration
7 189 (16.65%) BDD
8 156 (13.74%) Test Automation
9 155 (13.66%) Software Engineering
10 139 (12.25%) Continuous Delivery
11 115 (10.13%) OO
12 104 (9.16%) Kanban
13 95 (8.37%) SDLC
14 92 (8.11%) Open Source
15 81 (7.14%) Unit Testing
16 76 (6.70%) Multithreading
17 72 (6.34%) Problem-Solving
18 68 (5.99%) API Development
18 68 (5.99%) Pair Programming
19 65 (5.73%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,080 (95.15%) Java
2 390 (34.36%) Java 8
3 252 (22.20%) JavaScript
3 252 (22.20%) SQL
4 158 (13.92%) Python
5 121 (10.66%) Kotlin
6 66 (5.81%) Scala
7 55 (4.85%) PL/SQL
8 48 (4.23%) Shell Script
9 45 (3.96%) Apple Swift
10 40 (3.52%) TypeScript
11 27 (2.38%) C#
12 25 (2.20%) Go
13 23 (2.03%) ES6
14 20 (1.76%) Groovy
15 18 (1.59%) C++
16 16 (1.41%) Bash Shell
17 11 (0.97%) Perl
18 8 (0.70%) C
18 8 (0.70%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 147 (12.95%) Security Cleared
2 124 (10.93%) SC Cleared
3 58 (5.11%) Degree
4 27 (2.38%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (1.76%) DV Cleared
6 11 (0.97%) Master's Degree
7 10 (0.88%) AWS Certification
8 9 (0.79%) ISEB
8 9 (0.79%) ISTQB
8 9 (0.79%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 7 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
10 6 (0.53%) CTC Cleared
11 4 (0.35%) OCPJP
11 4 (0.35%) Sun Certification
12 2 (0.18%) HNC
12 2 (0.18%) HND
13 1 (0.088%) CCNP
13 1 (0.088%) Cisco Certification
13 1 (0.088%) MCSE
13 1 (0.088%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (2.91%) QA
2 6 (0.53%) MiFID
3 3 (0.26%) GDPR
3 3 (0.26%) WCAG
4 2 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 2 (0.18%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.088%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.088%) PMO
5 1 (0.088%) SLA
System Software
1 330 (29.07%) Docker
2 5 (0.44%) HDFS
2 5 (0.44%) Postfix
3 3 (0.26%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
4 2 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.088%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.088%) KVM
5 1 (0.088%) NDS
5 1 (0.088%) NetIQ eDirectory
5 1 (0.088%) NFS
5 1 (0.088%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.088%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 301 (26.52%) Kubernetes
2 86 (7.58%) Terraform
3 49 (4.32%) Prometheus
4 47 (4.14%) Ansible
5 15 (1.32%) Grafana
5 15 (1.32%) Puppet
6 8 (0.70%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (0.53%) HP ALM
8 5 (0.44%) CloudHub
8 5 (0.44%) Kibana
8 5 (0.44%) Rundeck
8 5 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
8 5 (0.44%) Zipkin
9 4 (0.35%) Oozie
9 4 (0.35%) Salt
10 3 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
11 2 (0.18%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 2 (0.18%) Oracle RMAN
11 2 (0.18%) Rancher
11 2 (0.18%) vRealize
Vendors
1 142 (12.51%) Oracle
2 99 (8.72%) Splunk
3 83 (7.31%) AppDynamics
4 65 (5.73%) MuleSoft
5 38 (3.35%) Sybase
6 35 (3.08%) Red Hat
7 34 (3.00%) Microsoft
8 33 (2.91%) webMethods
9 28 (2.47%) Atlassian
10 18 (1.59%) IBM
11 17 (1.50%) Confluent
11 17 (1.50%) TIBCO
12 16 (1.41%) Google
12 16 (1.41%) Murex
13 15 (1.32%) Talend
14 14 (1.23%) Axway
14 14 (1.23%) SAP
15 13 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
16 11 (0.97%) BEA
16 11 (0.97%) WSO2