Period
to 18 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 18 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
18 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 62 60 71
Rank change year-on-year -2 +11 +38
Contract jobs citing Spring 3,659 3,164 3,025
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.89% 3.56% 3.01%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.14% 10.88% 10.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,700 2,226 2,302
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £375 £350 £325
90th Percentile £625 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £500 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +8.11% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 16 6
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £51.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% -16.67% -7.27%
10th Percentile £32.90 £37.00 £35.18
90th Percentile £58.56 £53.75 £126.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £51.00
% change year-on-year +5.88% -16.67% -7.27%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,840 29,070 29,750
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.90% 32.69% 29.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,420 20,141 21,023
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 332 372 349
England median hourly rate £41.69 £40.00 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.22% +9.59% -1.35%
10th Percentile £16.33 £16.03 £12.25
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £50.20
UK median hourly rate £41.52 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +3.79% +11.11% -2.76%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 18 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 18 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 18 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 1,928 £538 +6.70% 350
South East +14 642 £488 +2.63% 131
North of England +1 560 £425 - 132
North West +3 293 £425 -4.49% 83
Midlands +20 259 £450 +2.86% 57
Yorkshire -5 222 £438 +4.17% 44
East of England -1 159 £475 +9.20% 60
West Midlands +17 143 £450 -10.00% 35
East Midlands +13 115 £450 +5.88% 22
South West -55 104 £413 +0.92% 41
North East -16 47 £400 - 5
South Coast +1 2 - -
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 18 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 3,535 (96.61%) Java
2 2,271 (62.07%) Agile Software Development
3 1,482 (40.50%) Spring Boot
4 1,456 (39.79%) TDD
5 1,424 (38.92%) Java 8
6 1,313 (35.88%) Microservices
7 1,129 (30.86%) Hibernate
8 1,022 (27.93%) JavaScript
9 987 (26.97%) REST
10 965 (26.37%) Git (software)
11 935 (25.55%) Maven
12 918 (25.09%) Jenkins
13 873 (23.86%) Web Services
14 866 (23.67%) RESTful
15 822 (22.47%) Docker
16 800 (21.86%) BDD
17 783 (21.40%) Scrum
18 706 (19.29%) Amazon AWS
19 704 (19.24%) SQL
20 659 (18.01%) Continuous Integration
21 621 (16.97%) JUnit
22 606 (16.56%) Finance
23 592 (16.18%) DevOps
24 587 (16.04%) HTML
25 585 (15.99%) AngularJS
26 569 (15.55%) Linux
27 558 (15.25%) J2EE
28 541 (14.79%) NoSQL
29 510 (13.94%) Test Automation
30 507 (13.86%) MVC

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 316 (8.64%) Apache
2 287 (7.84%) Tomcat
3 235 (6.42%) Confluence
4 215 (5.88%) Elasticsearch
5 182 (4.97%) JBoss
6 154 (4.21%) WebSphere
7 122 (3.33%) Apache Spark
8 113 (3.09%) WebLogic
9 96 (2.62%) Cloud Foundry
10 90 (2.46%) Mule
11 71 (1.94%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 61 (1.67%) Jetty
13 56 (1.53%) Apache Solr
14 51 (1.39%) CMS
15 41 (1.12%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 38 (1.04%) MQSeries
17 37 (1.01%) nginx
18 34 (0.93%) GemFire
19 22 (0.60%) Oracle Service Bus
20 20 (0.55%) GlassFish
Applications
1 9 (0.25%) MS Visio
2 6 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.055%) AutoCAD
4 1 (0.027%) CATIA
4 1 (0.027%) InVision
4 1 (0.027%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.027%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.027%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 28 (0.77%) SAP Hybris
2 14 (0.38%) ION MarketView
3 10 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
4 6 (0.16%) Remedy AR System
4 6 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
5 5 (0.14%) Global One
6 4 (0.11%) Workday HCM
7 3 (0.082%) Oracle General Ledger
7 3 (0.082%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.055%) BusinessWorks
8 2 (0.055%) Distributed Ledger
8 2 (0.055%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.055%) Kondor
8 2 (0.055%) LatentZero
8 2 (0.055%) Oracle Financials
8 2 (0.055%) Oracle Retail
8 2 (0.055%) PeopleSoft Financials
8 2 (0.055%) SDL Web 8
8 2 (0.055%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 706 (19.29%) Amazon AWS
2 157 (4.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 114 (3.12%) GitHub
4 65 (1.78%) PaaS
5 64 (1.75%) Amazon EC2
6 46 (1.26%) OpenShift
7 37 (1.01%) SaaS
8 34 (0.93%) Serverless
9 30 (0.82%) Amazon S3
9 30 (0.82%) Heroku
10 27 (0.74%) Amazon SQS
10 27 (0.74%) Google Cloud Platform
10 27 (0.74%) IaaS
11 24 (0.66%) AWS Lambda
11 24 (0.66%) Cloud Computing
12 22 (0.60%) AWS CloudFormation
13 20 (0.55%) npm
14 17 (0.46%) Slack
15 15 (0.41%) Google Analytics
16 14 (0.38%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 174 (4.76%) HTTP
2 96 (2.62%) TCP/IP
3 58 (1.59%) SSL
4 31 (0.85%) FTP
4 31 (0.85%) Kerberos
5 30 (0.82%) SMS
6 27 (0.74%) DNS
7 24 (0.66%) Internet
8 21 (0.57%) Firewall
9 14 (0.38%) Ethernet
10 13 (0.36%) MPLS
10 13 (0.36%) SSH
11 11 (0.30%) AMQP
12 8 (0.22%) Wireless
13 6 (0.16%) Network Security
13 6 (0.16%) WAN
14 5 (0.14%) BIG-IP
15 4 (0.11%) DOCSIS
15 4 (0.11%) SMTP
16 3 (0.082%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 541 (14.79%) NoSQL
2 455 (12.44%) MongoDB
3 447 (12.22%) Relational Database
4 361 (9.87%) PostgreSQL
5 306 (8.36%) MySQL
6 211 (5.77%) SQL Server
7 203 (5.55%) Big Data
8 197 (5.38%) Apache Cassandra
9 180 (4.92%) Hadoop
10 164 (4.48%) RDBMS
11 112 (3.06%) Oracle Database
12 90 (2.46%) Redis
13 59 (1.61%) Couchbase
13 59 (1.61%) HBase
14 42 (1.15%) Oracle Database 11g
15 33 (0.90%) Apache Hive
16 30 (0.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 30 (0.82%) DB2
16 30 (0.82%) Endeca
17 25 (0.68%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 965 (26.37%) Git (software)
2 935 (25.55%) Maven
3 918 (25.09%) Jenkins
4 621 (16.97%) JUnit
5 410 (11.21%) JIRA
6 286 (7.82%) Gradle
7 265 (7.24%) Cucumber
8 240 (6.56%) Mockito
9 236 (6.45%) Subversion
10 185 (5.06%) Selenium
11 171 (4.67%) Eclipse
12 166 (4.54%) IntelliJ
13 113 (3.09%) Ant
14 94 (2.57%) SonarQube
15 89 (2.43%) Hudson
16 83 (2.27%) Bitbucket
17 79 (2.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 66 (1.80%) SoapUI
19 64 (1.75%) Sonatype Nexus
20 59 (1.61%) TeamCity
General
1 606 (16.56%) Finance
2 493 (13.47%) Banking
3 177 (4.84%) Investment Banking
4 112 (3.06%) Retail
5 104 (2.84%) Front Office
6 78 (2.13%) Games
7 50 (1.37%) Telecoms
8 36 (0.98%) Back Office
9 31 (0.85%) Advertising
10 23 (0.63%) Legal
11 22 (0.60%) Law
12 19 (0.52%) Manufacturing
12 19 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
13 17 (0.46%) Financial Institution
14 16 (0.44%) Marketing
14 16 (0.44%) Retail Banking
15 14 (0.38%) Automotive
16 12 (0.33%) General Ledger
17 8 (0.22%) Billing
18 6 (0.16%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 2,990 (81.72%) Developer
2 2,573 (70.32%) Java Developer
3 409 (11.18%) Senior Developer
4 371 (10.14%) Senior Java Developer
5 213 (5.82%) Architect
6 199 (5.44%) Java Engineer
7 189 (5.17%) Full Stack Developer
8 169 (4.62%) Lead Developer
9 164 (4.48%) Agile Developer
10 158 (4.32%) Lead Java Developer
11 132 (3.61%) Software Engineer
12 127 (3.47%) AWS Developer
13 123 (3.36%) Agile Java Developer
14 104 (2.84%) Java Software Engineer
15 103 (2.81%) Angular Developer
16 95 (2.60%) Backend Developer
17 92 (2.51%) Java Architect
18 81 (2.21%) Scala Developer
19 78 (2.13%) Solutions Architect
20 72 (1.97%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,482 (40.50%) Spring Boot
2 1,129 (30.86%) Hibernate
3 987 (26.97%) REST
4 873 (23.86%) Web Services
5 866 (23.67%) RESTful
6 587 (16.04%) HTML
7 585 (15.99%) AngularJS
8 558 (15.25%) J2EE
9 449 (12.27%) CSS
10 438 (11.97%) SOAP
11 422 (11.53%) Kafka
12 388 (10.60%) JSON
13 369 (10.08%) Node.js
14 350 (9.57%) Spring MVC
15 333 (9.10%) XML
16 331 (9.05%) JMS
17 314 (8.58%) React
18 309 (8.44%) Apache Camel
19 281 (7.68%) HTML5
20 250 (6.83%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 357 (9.76%) Greenfield Project
2 129 (3.53%) User Experience
3 114 (3.12%) Computer Science
4 109 (2.98%) Fintech
5 97 (2.65%) Enterprise Software
6 95 (2.60%) Analytical Skills
7 90 (2.46%) Fixed Income
8 74 (2.02%) Mobile App
9 61 (1.67%) Derivative
10 57 (1.56%) Algorithms
11 55 (1.50%) Data Structures
12 41 (1.12%) Equities
13 38 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 38 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
13 38 (1.04%) Virtual Team
14 31 (0.85%) Self-Motivation
15 26 (0.71%) iPad
15 26 (0.71%) Management Information System
16 24 (0.66%) Cloud Native
16 24 (0.66%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 569 (15.55%) Linux
2 382 (10.44%) Unix
3 62 (1.69%) Windows
4 50 (1.37%) Android
5 44 (1.20%) Apple iOS
6 34 (0.93%) Ubuntu
7 30 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 27 (0.74%) CentOS
9 20 (0.55%) Solaris
10 10 (0.27%) HPUX
10 10 (0.27%) Mac OS
11 8 (0.22%) Mac OS X
12 6 (0.16%) Debian
13 4 (0.11%) Windows Server
14 3 (0.082%) Oracle Linux
14 3 (0.082%) VMS
15 2 (0.055%) AIX
15 2 (0.055%) Windows 2000
15 2 (0.055%) Windows Vista
15 2 (0.055%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,271 (62.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,456 (39.79%) TDD
3 1,313 (35.88%) Microservices
4 800 (21.86%) BDD
5 783 (21.40%) Scrum
6 659 (18.01%) Continuous Integration
7 592 (16.18%) DevOps
8 510 (13.94%) Test Automation
9 507 (13.86%) MVC
10 433 (11.83%) Software Engineering
11 425 (11.62%) OO
12 357 (9.76%) Open Source
13 335 (9.16%) Kanban
14 272 (7.43%) E-Commerce
15 269 (7.35%) SOA
16 266 (7.27%) Pair Programming
17 260 (7.11%) Unit Testing
18 209 (5.71%) Problem-Solving
19 204 (5.58%) Multithreading
20 197 (5.38%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 3,535 (96.61%) Java
2 1,424 (38.92%) Java 8
3 1,022 (27.93%) JavaScript
4 704 (19.24%) SQL
5 276 (7.54%) Scala
6 170 (4.65%) Python
7 155 (4.24%) Groovy
8 120 (3.28%) Ruby
9 96 (2.62%) PL/SQL
10 83 (2.27%) Shell Script
11 72 (1.97%) Bash Shell
12 69 (1.89%) ES6
13 62 (1.69%) Java 9
14 58 (1.59%) TypeScript
15 56 (1.53%) C#
16 49 (1.34%) Perl
17 47 (1.28%) Kotlin
18 45 (1.23%) C++
19 36 (0.98%) PHP
20 31 (0.85%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 254 (6.94%) Security Cleared
2 176 (4.81%) Degree
3 174 (4.76%) SC Cleared
4 72 (1.97%) Computer Science Degree
5 57 (1.56%) BPSS Clearance
6 22 (0.60%) Master's Degree
7 19 (0.52%) DV Cleared
8 11 (0.30%) BC Cleared
9 8 (0.22%) Sun Certification
10 6 (0.16%) OCPJP
10 6 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
11 5 (0.14%) DBS Check
11 5 (0.14%) HND
12 3 (0.082%) PhD
13 2 (0.055%) OCA
13 2 (0.055%) Oracle Certification
14 1 (0.027%) AWS Certification
14 1 (0.027%) CTC Cleared
14 1 (0.027%) ISTQB
14 1 (0.027%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 103 (2.81%) QA
2 15 (0.41%) PMO
3 14 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
3 14 (0.38%) GDPR
4 6 (0.16%) GCP
5 5 (0.14%) MiFID
6 4 (0.11%) Data Quality
6 4 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
6 4 (0.11%) EMIR
6 4 (0.11%) SEPA
7 2 (0.055%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.055%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.055%) SLA
7 2 (0.055%) WAI
8 1 (0.027%) IFRS
8 1 (0.027%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.027%) PSD2
System Software
1 822 (22.47%) Docker
2 82 (2.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 52 (1.42%) HDFS
4 33 (0.90%) VMware Infrastructure
5 25 (0.68%) vSphere
6 9 (0.25%) Active Directory
7 6 (0.16%) LXC
7 6 (0.16%) OpenAM
7 6 (0.16%) VMware Server
8 5 (0.14%) etcd
9 3 (0.082%) QEMU
9 3 (0.082%) vCloud
10 2 (0.055%) NFS
10 2 (0.055%) Platform Symphony
10 2 (0.055%) Postfix
10 2 (0.055%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 1 (0.027%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.027%) OpenIDM
11 1 (0.027%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.027%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 269 (7.35%) Kubernetes
2 226 (6.18%) Ansible
3 166 (4.54%) Puppet
4 122 (3.33%) Terraform
5 104 (2.84%) Opscode Chef
6 58 (1.59%) Hadoop YARN
7 44 (1.20%) Grafana
8 35 (0.96%) Kibana
9 31 (0.85%) Consul
10 29 (0.79%) Cobbler
11 27 (0.74%) Docker Swarm
12 24 (0.66%) Mesos
13 23 (0.63%) Prometheus
14 22 (0.60%) logstash
15 19 (0.52%) Marathon
15 19 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
16 10 (0.27%) Control-M
16 10 (0.27%) Graylog
17 8 (0.22%) Business Desktop Deployment
18 7 (0.19%) CA Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 452 (12.35%) Oracle
2 122 (3.33%) Google
3 117 (3.20%) IBM
4 75 (2.05%) hybris
5 68 (1.86%) MuleSoft
6 57 (1.56%) Red Hat
7 56 (1.53%) Microsoft
8 55 (1.50%) Adobe
8 55 (1.50%) SAP
9 51 (1.39%) TIBCO
10 50 (1.37%) Splunk
11 48 (1.31%) Sybase
12 45 (1.23%) Atlassian
13 38 (1.04%) AppDynamics
13 38 (1.04%) VMware
14 26 (0.71%) Perforce
15 24 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
16 21 (0.57%) Hortonworks
16 21 (0.57%) webMethods
17 17 (0.46%) Capita