Period
to 16 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 16 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
16 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 85 58 63
Rank change year-on-year -27 +5 +11
Contract jobs citing Spring 2,276 3,684 3,207
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.80% 3.98% 3.57%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.91% 11.22% 10.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,597 2,731 2,224
England median daily rate £515 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £405 £380 £350
90th Percentile £660 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 16 16
England median hourly rate £52.50 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +23.53% - -4.49%
10th Percentile £35.00 £31.54 £37.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £57.97 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £47.25 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +11.18% - -4.49%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 25,550 32,822 29,259
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.46% 35.46% 32.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,930 23,339 20,421
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £340 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 257 323 375
England median hourly rate £44.57 £41.77 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.70% +4.41% +11.11%
10th Percentile £18.50 £15.35 £16.35
90th Percentile £64.25 £59.50 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £41.52 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.78% +3.79% +11.11%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 16 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 16 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 16 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -21 1,244 £550 - 301
South East -38 364 £475 -5.00% 110
North of England -49 239 £450 +5.88% 92
Midlands -28 141 £450 - 59
South West +23 140 £475 +15.15% 42
East of England -2 139 £478 -1.55% 32
Yorkshire -25 112 £450 +2.86% 43
North West -59 110 £450 +5.88% 33
West Midlands -9 100 £450 - 41
East Midlands -35 41 £450 - 18
North East -9 17 £538 +32.06% 16
South Coast - 5 - -
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 16 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,114 (92.88%) Java
2 1,353 (59.45%) Agile Software Development
3 973 (42.75%) Spring Boot
4 921 (40.47%) Microservices
5 818 (35.94%) Java 8
6 804 (35.33%) TDD
7 657 (28.87%) JavaScript
8 600 (26.36%) Jenkins
9 594 (26.10%) Git (software)
10 589 (25.88%) AWS
11 563 (24.74%) Docker
12 541 (23.77%) Scrum
13 525 (23.07%) REST
14 514 (22.58%) SQL
15 504 (22.14%) DevOps
16 488 (21.44%) AngularJS
17 471 (20.69%) Maven
18 464 (20.39%) Hibernate
19 431 (18.94%) HTML
20 422 (18.54%) RESTful
21 420 (18.45%) BDD
22 417 (18.32%) Web Services
23 410 (18.01%) JUnit
24 381 (16.74%) Finance
25 377 (16.56%) CSS
26 349 (15.33%) React
27 334 (14.67%) Continuous Integration
28 316 (13.88%) Linux
29 311 (13.66%) Test Automation
30 307 (13.49%) Node.js

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 164 (7.21%) Confluence
2 128 (5.62%) Apache
3 122 (5.36%) Tomcat
4 108 (4.75%) JBoss
5 89 (3.91%) Elasticsearch
6 73 (3.21%) Apache Spark
7 69 (3.03%) WebSphere
8 54 (2.37%) Apache Solr
9 52 (2.28%) Cloud Foundry
10 41 (1.80%) WebLogic
11 36 (1.58%) Mule
12 33 (1.45%) Jetty
13 27 (1.19%) CMS
14 25 (1.10%) Magnolia
15 24 (1.05%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 16 (0.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 16 (0.70%) nginx
17 14 (0.62%) WebSphere Application Server
18 10 (0.44%) GeoServer
19 9 (0.40%) IIS
Applications
1 5 (0.22%) GIMP
1 5 (0.22%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.13%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.044%) Adobe Premiere
4 1 (0.044%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.044%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 13 (0.57%) SAP Hybris
2 10 (0.44%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 7 (0.31%) Magento
4 5 (0.22%) Fredhopper
4 5 (0.22%) SAP ERP
5 3 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
5 3 (0.13%) Quorum
5 3 (0.13%) R3 Corda
5 3 (0.13%) Ripple XRP
6 2 (0.088%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.088%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.044%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.044%) Infor M3
7 1 (0.044%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.044%) Oracle Retail
7 1 (0.044%) Shopify
7 1 (0.044%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.044%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 589 (25.88%) AWS
2 233 (10.24%) Azure
3 142 (6.24%) GitHub
4 81 (3.56%) Amazon SQS
5 79 (3.47%) Amazon EC2
6 78 (3.43%) GCP
7 63 (2.77%) Serverless
8 56 (2.46%) OpenShift
9 49 (2.15%) AWS Lambda
10 40 (1.76%) Amazon S3
11 38 (1.67%) npm
12 36 (1.58%) Slack
13 32 (1.41%) PaaS
14 26 (1.14%) Cloud Computing
15 24 (1.05%) SaaS
16 16 (0.70%) Amazon Kinesis
16 16 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
17 14 (0.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 14 (0.62%) Amazon ECS
17 14 (0.62%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 88 (3.87%) HTTP
2 47 (2.07%) TCP/IP
3 34 (1.49%) FTP
4 29 (1.27%) Internet
4 29 (1.27%) SSL
5 21 (0.92%) DNS
6 12 (0.53%) Kerberos
7 8 (0.35%) Firewall
7 8 (0.35%) Reverse Proxy
8 7 (0.31%) HTTPS
9 6 (0.26%) AMQP
9 6 (0.26%) SSH
10 5 (0.22%) MPLS
11 4 (0.18%) Intranet
11 4 (0.18%) PuTTY
12 3 (0.13%) BGP
12 3 (0.13%) Ethernet
12 3 (0.13%) Multicast
12 3 (0.13%) Network Security
12 3 (0.13%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 241 (10.59%) NoSQL
2 200 (8.79%) PostgreSQL
3 194 (8.52%) MongoDB
4 190 (8.35%) MySQL
5 171 (7.51%) Relational Database
6 138 (6.06%) SQL Server
7 102 (4.48%) Hadoop
8 94 (4.13%) Oracle Database
9 80 (3.51%) Big Data
10 70 (3.08%) Apache Cassandra
11 69 (3.03%) RDBMS
12 48 (2.11%) Amazon RDS
13 39 (1.71%) Redis
14 33 (1.45%) HBase
15 32 (1.41%) DB2
16 28 (1.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 18 (0.79%) Apache Hive
18 17 (0.75%) Blockchain
19 15 (0.66%) Oracle Database 11g
20 13 (0.57%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 600 (26.36%) Jenkins
2 594 (26.10%) Git (software)
3 471 (20.69%) Maven
4 410 (18.01%) JUnit
5 278 (12.21%) JIRA
6 204 (8.96%) Mockito
7 180 (7.91%) Cucumber
8 159 (6.99%) Selenium
9 129 (5.67%) Gradle
10 120 (5.27%) SonarQube
11 99 (4.35%) Sonatype Nexus
12 87 (3.82%) Subversion
13 83 (3.65%) Eclipse
14 73 (3.21%) GitLab
15 69 (3.03%) IntelliJ
16 62 (2.72%) jMock
17 60 (2.64%) Ant
17 60 (2.64%) Bitbucket
18 53 (2.33%) SoapUI
19 51 (2.24%) DbUnit
General
1 381 (16.74%) Finance
2 285 (12.52%) Banking
3 76 (3.34%) Retail
4 63 (2.77%) Public Sector
5 61 (2.68%) Investment Banking
6 48 (2.11%) Front Office
7 28 (1.23%) Games
8 27 (1.19%) Telecoms
9 24 (1.05%) Financial Institution
10 19 (0.83%) Retail Banking
11 15 (0.66%) Legal
11 15 (0.66%) Marketing
12 13 (0.57%) Automotive
13 11 (0.48%) Manufacturing
14 9 (0.40%) Back Office
15 8 (0.35%) Publishing
16 7 (0.31%) Advertising
16 7 (0.31%) Electronics
17 6 (0.26%) Online Betting
18 4 (0.18%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1,794 (78.82%) Developer
2 1,433 (62.96%) Java Developer
3 258 (11.34%) Full Stack Developer
4 232 (10.19%) Senior Developer
5 195 (8.57%) Senior Java Developer
6 117 (5.14%) React Developer
7 103 (4.53%) Architect
8 102 (4.48%) Java Engineer
9 96 (4.22%) Backend Developer
10 80 (3.51%) Java Developer - Fintech
11 77 (3.38%) Agile Developer
12 74 (3.25%) AWS Developer
13 71 (3.12%) Agile Java Developer
14 69 (3.03%) Angular Developer
15 64 (2.81%) Software Engineer
16 59 (2.59%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 56 (2.46%) Lead Developer
18 49 (2.15%) Lead Java Developer
19 48 (2.11%) SC Cleared Java Developer
20 46 (2.02%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 973 (42.75%) Spring Boot
2 525 (23.07%) REST
3 488 (21.44%) AngularJS
4 464 (20.39%) Hibernate
5 431 (18.94%) HTML
6 422 (18.54%) RESTful
7 417 (18.32%) Web Services
8 377 (16.56%) CSS
9 349 (15.33%) React
10 307 (13.49%) Node.js
11 297 (13.05%) JSON
12 277 (12.17%) SOAP
13 274 (12.04%) Kafka
14 235 (10.33%) HTML5
15 228 (10.02%) J2EE
16 213 (9.36%) XML
17 147 (6.46%) CSS3
18 139 (6.11%) Spring MVC
19 136 (5.98%) JMS
20 127 (5.58%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 188 (8.26%) Greenfield Project
2 144 (6.33%) User Experience
3 72 (3.16%) Analytical Skills
4 70 (3.08%) Mobile App
5 62 (2.72%) Enterprise Software
6 46 (2.02%) Data Structures
7 42 (1.85%) Virtual Team
8 41 (1.80%) Algorithms
8 41 (1.80%) Linux Command Line
9 36 (1.58%) Derivative
10 31 (1.36%) Self-Motivation
11 29 (1.27%) Cloud Native
12 26 (1.14%) Equity Derivative
13 25 (1.10%) Fixed Income
13 25 (1.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 17 (0.75%) Mobile Banking
15 14 (0.62%) Equities
15 14 (0.62%) NHS
16 13 (0.57%) Replication
17 12 (0.53%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 316 (13.88%) Linux
2 196 (8.61%) Unix
3 86 (3.78%) Windows
4 58 (2.55%) Apple iOS
5 52 (2.28%) Android
6 42 (1.85%) CentOS
7 28 (1.23%) Ubuntu
8 14 (0.62%) Windows Server
9 13 (0.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 12 (0.53%) Debian
10 12 (0.53%) Mac OS X
11 8 (0.35%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.088%) AIX
12 2 (0.088%) Solaris
13 1 (0.044%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.044%) OpenVMS
13 1 (0.044%) VMS
13 1 (0.044%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,353 (59.45%) Agile Software Development
2 921 (40.47%) Microservices
3 804 (35.33%) TDD
4 541 (23.77%) Scrum
5 504 (22.14%) DevOps
6 420 (18.45%) BDD
7 334 (14.67%) Continuous Integration
8 311 (13.66%) Test Automation
9 247 (10.85%) OO
10 239 (10.50%) Kanban
11 219 (9.62%) Software Engineering
12 213 (9.36%) MVC
13 193 (8.48%) Open Source
14 172 (7.56%) E-Commerce
15 159 (6.99%) Pair Programming
16 145 (6.37%) Fintech
17 144 (6.33%) Problem-Solving
17 144 (6.33%) Unit Testing
18 120 (5.27%) Continuous Delivery
19 108 (4.75%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 2,114 (92.88%) Java
2 818 (35.94%) Java 8
3 657 (28.87%) JavaScript
4 514 (22.58%) SQL
5 192 (8.44%) Python
6 136 (5.98%) Scala
7 128 (5.62%) ES6
8 123 (5.40%) TypeScript
9 90 (3.95%) C#
10 78 (3.43%) Ruby
11 73 (3.21%) PL/SQL
12 55 (2.42%) Shell Script
13 48 (2.11%) Kotlin
14 44 (1.93%) Groovy
15 43 (1.89%) C++
16 39 (1.71%) Perl
17 35 (1.54%) Apple Swift
18 31 (1.36%) PHP
19 28 (1.23%) C
20 24 (1.05%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 201 (8.83%) Security Cleared
2 154 (6.77%) SC Cleared
3 97 (4.26%) Degree
4 40 (1.76%) DV Cleared
5 24 (1.05%) Computer Science Degree
6 20 (0.88%) ISEB
6 20 (0.88%) ISTQB
7 15 (0.66%) Sun Certification
8 13 (0.57%) OCPJP
9 9 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 8 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
11 7 (0.31%) CTC Cleared
12 5 (0.22%) AWS Certification
13 4 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
14 3 (0.13%) DBS Check
14 3 (0.13%) Master's Degree
14 3 (0.13%) SANS
15 2 (0.088%) ITIL Certification
15 2 (0.088%) Numerate Degree
15 2 (0.088%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (3.47%) QA
2 10 (0.44%) PMO
3 8 (0.35%) GDPR
3 8 (0.35%) PCI DSS
4 6 (0.26%) MiFID
5 5 (0.22%) EMIR
6 4 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.18%) PSD2
7 3 (0.13%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.088%) Dodd-Frank
8 2 (0.088%) GxP
8 2 (0.088%) SEPA
9 1 (0.044%) Dublin Core
System Software
1 563 (24.74%) Docker
2 28 (1.23%) Postfix
3 21 (0.92%) HDFS
4 19 (0.83%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (0.57%) vSphere
6 10 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 8 (0.35%) Active Directory
8 6 (0.26%) OpenAM
9 5 (0.22%) vCloud
9 5 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
10 3 (0.13%) OpenDJ
10 3 (0.13%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.088%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.088%) VMware Server
12 1 (0.044%) GridGain
12 1 (0.044%) Hyper-V
12 1 (0.044%) ISA Server
12 1 (0.044%) Oracle RAC
12 1 (0.044%) Shibboleth
12 1 (0.044%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 275 (12.08%) Kubernetes
2 130 (5.71%) Ansible
3 95 (4.17%) Terraform
4 57 (2.50%) Puppet
5 38 (1.67%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (1.36%) Kibana
7 26 (1.14%) Grafana
8 24 (1.05%) Hadoop YARN
9 22 (0.97%) Prometheus
10 16 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
11 14 (0.62%) logstash
12 13 (0.57%) linkerd
13 11 (0.48%) Cobbler
14 7 (0.31%) Consul
14 7 (0.31%) Salt
15 6 (0.26%) Graphite
16 5 (0.22%) Istio
16 5 (0.22%) Nagios
16 5 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
17 4 (0.18%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 304 (13.36%) Oracle
2 90 (3.95%) Google
3 73 (3.21%) Microsoft
4 68 (2.99%) Red Hat
5 58 (2.55%) Splunk
6 51 (2.24%) MuleSoft
7 42 (1.85%) IBM
8 41 (1.80%) AppDynamics
9 40 (1.76%) Atlassian
10 30 (1.32%) hybris
11 28 (1.23%) Adobe
12 27 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
12 27 (1.19%) SAP
13 25 (1.10%) VMware
14 22 (0.97%) Sybase
15 21 (0.92%) WSO2
16 20 (0.88%) ForgeRock
17 18 (0.79%) Cloudera
18 13 (0.57%) Sun
18 13 (0.57%) webMethods