Period
to 19 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 19 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
19 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 65 62 69
Rank change year-on-year -3 +7 0
Contract jobs citing Spring 2,906 3,312 2,713
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.49% 3.57% 3.23%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.54% 10.74% 10.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,014 2,415 1,938
England median daily rate £510 £490 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.08% +5.95% +2.78%
10th Percentile £380 £368 £331
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £450
% change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 8 9
England median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.22% -14.29% -7.89%
10th Percentile £35.00 £32.00 £41.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £89.00 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £52.50
% change year-on-year +11.11% -14.29% -7.89%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 27,563 30,826 26,901
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 33.11% 33.18% 32.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,480 21,884 18,653
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £338 £313 £305
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £438
% change year-on-year +2.63% +8.57% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 273 320 333
England median hourly rate £43.50 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.35% +3.66% +7.89%
10th Percentile £18.50 £17.23 £18.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £57.63 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.50
% change year-on-year - +4.94% +6.58%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 19 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 19 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 19 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 1,520 £550 +4.76% 224
South East -5 498 £450 -5.76% 63
North of England -3 389 £450 +5.88% 70
Midlands +18 200 £450 +4.35% 32
Yorkshire -9 185 £475 +11.76% 38
North West 0 170 £450 +5.88% 26
South West -2 149 £475 +11.76% 14
East of England +12 142 £475 +5.56% 30
West Midlands +28 134 £450 +5.88% 20
East Midlands -4 66 £475 +5.56% 12
North East +17 34 £463 +12.19% 6
South Coast -1 1 - -
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 19 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,771 (95.35%) Java
2 1,748 (60.15%) Agile Software Development
3 1,229 (42.29%) Spring Boot
4 1,112 (38.27%) Microservices
5 1,074 (36.96%) Java 8
6 1,051 (36.17%) TDD
7 850 (29.25%) JavaScript
8 837 (28.80%) Git (software)
9 761 (26.19%) REST
10 750 (25.81%) Jenkins
11 693 (23.85%) Docker
12 658 (22.64%) SQL
13 657 (22.61%) Scrum
14 651 (22.40%) Hibernate
15 616 (21.20%) Amazon AWS
16 603 (20.75%) Maven
16 603 (20.75%) HTML
17 597 (20.54%) DevOps
18 587 (20.20%) BDD
19 581 (19.99%) RESTful
20 558 (19.20%) JUnit
21 538 (18.51%) Web Services
22 528 (18.17%) AngularJS
23 515 (17.72%) CSS
24 482 (16.59%) Continuous Integration
25 455 (15.66%) Linux
26 454 (15.62%) Finance
27 407 (14.01%) NoSQL
28 397 (13.66%) Node.js
29 393 (13.52%) Test Automation

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 207 (7.12%) Confluence
2 178 (6.13%) Apache
3 146 (5.02%) Elasticsearch
4 143 (4.92%) JBoss
5 138 (4.75%) Tomcat
6 115 (3.96%) WebSphere
7 114 (3.92%) Apache Spark
8 80 (2.75%) WebLogic
9 54 (1.86%) Mule
10 49 (1.69%) Apache Solr
11 44 (1.51%) Cloud Foundry
12 38 (1.31%) WebSphere Application Server
13 33 (1.14%) nginx
14 32 (1.10%) CMS
15 29 (1.00%) Jetty
16 24 (0.83%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 21 (0.72%) GlassFish
18 18 (0.62%) Magnolia
18 18 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 18 (0.62%) SharePoint
Applications
1 3 (0.10%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.069%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.069%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.069%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.069%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.034%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.034%) Adobe XD
3 1 (0.034%) InVision
3 1 (0.034%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.034%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.034%) OmniGraffle
3 1 (0.034%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 22 (0.76%) SAP Hybris
2 15 (0.52%) SAP ERP
3 10 (0.34%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 5 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
4 5 (0.17%) Fredhopper
5 4 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.14%) Loan IQ
5 4 (0.14%) Magento
5 4 (0.14%) Oracle 11i
5 4 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
5 4 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.10%) Infor M3
6 3 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.10%) Oracle Retail
6 3 (0.10%) Quorum
6 3 (0.10%) R3 Corda
6 3 (0.10%) Ripple XRP
6 3 (0.10%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 616 (21.20%) Amazon AWS
2 222 (7.64%) Microsoft Azure
3 153 (5.26%) GitHub
4 92 (3.17%) Google Cloud Platform
5 80 (2.75%) Amazon EC2
6 61 (2.10%) Serverless
7 51 (1.75%) AWS Lambda
8 50 (1.72%) Amazon SQS
9 47 (1.62%) OpenShift
10 42 (1.45%) PaaS
11 39 (1.34%) SaaS
12 29 (1.00%) Apigee
13 27 (0.93%) Amazon S3
14 24 (0.83%) Slack
15 23 (0.79%) Google Analytics
16 22 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
17 20 (0.69%) Kong
18 19 (0.65%) AWS CloudFormation
19 17 (0.58%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 14 (0.48%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 170 (5.85%) HTTP
2 72 (2.48%) TCP/IP
3 60 (2.06%) SSL
4 57 (1.96%) Internet
5 40 (1.38%) FTP
6 26 (0.89%) DNS
7 16 (0.55%) Kerberos
8 11 (0.38%) AMQP
9 7 (0.24%) Firewall
10 5 (0.17%) HTTPS
11 4 (0.14%) SAN
11 4 (0.14%) SNMP
11 4 (0.14%) WebEx
12 3 (0.10%) Broadband
12 3 (0.10%) DSL
12 3 (0.10%) LAN
12 3 (0.10%) Network Security
12 3 (0.10%) PuTTY
12 3 (0.10%) VPN
13 2 (0.069%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 407 (14.01%) NoSQL
2 310 (10.67%) MongoDB
3 300 (10.32%) Relational Database
4 244 (8.40%) PostgreSQL
5 222 (7.64%) MySQL
6 187 (6.43%) SQL Server
7 147 (5.06%) Apache Cassandra
8 136 (4.68%) Hadoop
9 128 (4.40%) Big Data
10 94 (3.23%) Oracle Database
11 83 (2.86%) RDBMS
12 76 (2.62%) Redis
13 54 (1.86%) HBase
14 52 (1.79%) DB2
15 41 (1.41%) Parquet
16 38 (1.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 32 (1.10%) Amazon RDS
18 22 (0.76%) Apache Hive
19 19 (0.65%) Couchbase
20 14 (0.48%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 837 (28.80%) Git (software)
2 750 (25.81%) Jenkins
3 603 (20.75%) Maven
4 558 (19.20%) JUnit
5 326 (11.22%) JIRA
6 230 (7.91%) Mockito
7 203 (6.99%) Cucumber
8 168 (5.78%) Selenium
9 156 (5.37%) Subversion
10 151 (5.20%) SonarQube
11 141 (4.85%) Gradle
12 118 (4.06%) Eclipse
13 110 (3.79%) GitLab
14 108 (3.72%) Sonatype Nexus
15 97 (3.34%) IntelliJ
16 84 (2.89%) Bitbucket
17 76 (2.62%) gulp
18 70 (2.41%) jMock
19 69 (2.37%) Ant
20 61 (2.10%) Hudson
General
1 454 (15.62%) Finance
2 372 (12.80%) Banking
3 93 (3.20%) Front Office
4 91 (3.13%) Investment Banking
5 89 (3.06%) Retail
6 33 (1.14%) Marketing
7 29 (1.00%) Back Office
8 26 (0.89%) Legal
9 25 (0.86%) Telecoms
10 24 (0.83%) Games
11 20 (0.69%) Financial Institution
12 15 (0.52%) Manufacturing
13 13 (0.45%) Retail Banking
14 11 (0.38%) Electronics
14 11 (0.38%) Publishing
15 8 (0.28%) Automotive
15 8 (0.28%) Billing
15 8 (0.28%) Law
16 7 (0.24%) Advertising
16 7 (0.24%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 2,348 (80.80%) Developer
2 1,861 (64.04%) Java Developer
3 325 (11.18%) Senior Developer
4 290 (9.98%) Senior Java Developer
5 262 (9.02%) Full Stack Developer
6 163 (5.61%) Java Engineer
7 117 (4.03%) Architect
8 109 (3.75%) Backend Developer
9 104 (3.58%) Agile Developer
10 102 (3.51%) Lead Developer
11 96 (3.30%) AWS Developer
12 89 (3.06%) Lead Java Developer
13 88 (3.03%) Software Engineer
14 76 (2.62%) Scala Developer
15 75 (2.58%) Agile Java Developer
16 73 (2.51%) React Developer
17 65 (2.24%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 63 (2.17%) Java Developer - Fintech
19 58 (2.00%) Angular Developer
20 53 (1.82%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,229 (42.29%) Spring Boot
2 761 (26.19%) REST
3 651 (22.40%) Hibernate
4 603 (20.75%) HTML
5 581 (19.99%) RESTful
6 538 (18.51%) Web Services
7 528 (18.17%) AngularJS
8 515 (17.72%) CSS
9 397 (13.66%) Node.js
10 386 (13.28%) Kafka
11 380 (13.08%) J2EE
12 365 (12.56%) React
13 352 (12.11%) JSON
14 319 (10.98%) SOAP
15 303 (10.43%) HTML5
16 275 (9.46%) XML
17 206 (7.09%) Apache Camel
18 202 (6.95%) Spring MVC
19 201 (6.92%) Java EE
20 181 (6.23%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 243 (8.36%) Greenfield Project
2 138 (4.75%) User Experience
3 128 (4.40%) Fintech
4 105 (3.61%) Analytical Skills
5 86 (2.96%) Enterprise Software
6 81 (2.79%) Data Structures
7 65 (2.24%) Algorithms
8 62 (2.13%) Mobile App
9 51 (1.75%) Virtual Team
10 43 (1.48%) Cloud Native
11 40 (1.38%) Self-Motivation
12 39 (1.34%) Fixed Income
13 36 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
14 35 (1.20%) Derivative
15 32 (1.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 21 (0.72%) iPad
17 16 (0.55%) Mobile Banking
18 15 (0.52%) Credit Risk
19 14 (0.48%) Equities
20 13 (0.45%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 455 (15.66%) Linux
2 304 (10.46%) Unix
3 107 (3.68%) Windows
4 56 (1.93%) Apple iOS
5 52 (1.79%) Android
6 39 (1.34%) Ubuntu
7 31 (1.07%) CentOS
8 15 (0.52%) VMS
9 12 (0.41%) Windows Server
10 7 (0.24%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (0.14%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.14%) OpenVMS
12 3 (0.10%) AIX
12 3 (0.10%) Debian
12 3 (0.10%) Solaris
13 2 (0.069%) zOS
14 1 (0.034%) Amazon Linux
14 1 (0.034%) HPUX
14 1 (0.034%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,748 (60.15%) Agile Software Development
2 1,112 (38.27%) Microservices
3 1,051 (36.17%) TDD
4 657 (22.61%) Scrum
5 597 (20.54%) DevOps
6 587 (20.20%) BDD
7 482 (16.59%) Continuous Integration
8 393 (13.52%) Test Automation
9 318 (10.94%) MVC
10 315 (10.84%) Open Source
11 287 (9.88%) OO
12 284 (9.77%) Kanban
13 278 (9.57%) Software Engineering
14 235 (8.09%) Problem-Solving
15 213 (7.33%) E-Commerce
16 199 (6.85%) Pair Programming
17 168 (5.78%) Unit Testing
18 149 (5.13%) Web Development
19 139 (4.78%) Continuous Delivery
20 133 (4.58%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,771 (95.35%) Java
2 1,074 (36.96%) Java 8
3 850 (29.25%) JavaScript
4 658 (22.64%) SQL
5 222 (7.64%) Scala
6 177 (6.09%) Python
7 146 (5.02%) ES6
8 117 (4.03%) Ruby
9 97 (3.34%) C#
10 83 (2.86%) Shell Script
11 79 (2.72%) Groovy
12 74 (2.55%) TypeScript
13 71 (2.44%) PL/SQL
14 70 (2.41%) PHP
15 62 (2.13%) Kotlin
16 55 (1.89%) Bash Shell
17 52 (1.79%) Perl
18 39 (1.34%) C
19 35 (1.20%) C++
20 32 (1.10%) ES7
Qualifications
1 175 (6.02%) Security Cleared
2 144 (4.96%) Degree
3 125 (4.30%) SC Cleared
4 63 (2.17%) BPSS Clearance
5 50 (1.72%) Computer Science Degree
6 32 (1.10%) Sun Certification
7 19 (0.65%) DV Cleared
8 17 (0.58%) OCPJP
9 14 (0.48%) DBS Check
10 11 (0.38%) ISEB
10 11 (0.38%) ISTQB
11 10 (0.34%) CTC Cleared
12 9 (0.31%) Master's Degree
13 5 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 4 (0.14%) CFA
15 3 (0.10%) AWS Certification
15 3 (0.10%) BC Cleared
15 3 (0.10%) ITIL Certification
15 3 (0.10%) Numerate Degree
15 3 (0.10%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (3.34%) QA
2 14 (0.48%) GDPR
3 10 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
4 6 (0.21%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.14%) HL7
5 4 (0.14%) SLA
6 3 (0.10%) MiFID
6 3 (0.10%) PMO
6 3 (0.10%) PSD2
7 2 (0.069%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.069%) GxP
7 2 (0.069%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.034%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.034%) Dublin Core
8 1 (0.034%) EMIR
8 1 (0.034%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.034%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.034%) OASIS TOSCA
8 1 (0.034%) WAI
System Software
1 693 (23.85%) Docker
2 46 (1.58%) HDFS
3 40 (1.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 36 (1.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 35 (1.20%) vSphere
6 10 (0.34%) Active Directory
7 9 (0.31%) Postfix
8 7 (0.24%) OpenAM
9 4 (0.14%) VirtualBox
10 3 (0.10%) OpenDJ
10 3 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
10 3 (0.10%) Shibboleth
10 3 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
10 3 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.10%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.069%) Apache Flume
12 1 (0.034%) etcd
12 1 (0.034%) Firmware
12 1 (0.034%) vCloud
12 1 (0.034%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 331 (11.39%) Kubernetes
2 132 (4.54%) Ansible
3 104 (3.58%) Terraform
4 80 (2.75%) Puppet
5 70 (2.41%) Kibana
6 50 (1.72%) Opscode Chef
7 38 (1.31%) Hadoop YARN
8 37 (1.27%) logstash
9 34 (1.17%) Grafana
10 24 (0.83%) Docker Swarm
11 16 (0.55%) Rancher
12 12 (0.41%) Control-M
12 12 (0.41%) Marathon
12 12 (0.41%) Mesos
13 11 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
14 10 (0.34%) Prometheus
14 10 (0.34%) Rundeck
15 8 (0.28%) CloudHub
16 7 (0.24%) Consul
16 7 (0.24%) Packer
Vendors
1 387 (13.32%) Oracle
2 149 (5.13%) Google
3 97 (3.34%) Microsoft
4 68 (2.34%) hybris
5 66 (2.27%) MuleSoft
6 61 (2.10%) IBM
7 60 (2.06%) Splunk
8 56 (1.93%) Red Hat
9 46 (1.58%) VMware
10 42 (1.45%) Adobe
11 41 (1.41%) Atlassian
12 39 (1.34%) SAP
12 39 (1.34%) Sybase
13 35 (1.20%) AppDynamics
14 31 (1.07%) WSO2
15 27 (0.93%) webMethods
16 19 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
17 18 (0.62%) Sun
18 16 (0.55%) Zend
19 14 (0.48%) Dynatrace