Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 66 75 71
Rank change year-on-year +9 -4 -5
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,676 1,155 2,812
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.42% 2.96% 3.40%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.25% 9.60% 10.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,132 845 1,982
10th Percentile £413 £400 £400
25th Percentile £468 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £520 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £588
90th Percentile £713 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £514 £500
% change year-on-year +2.19% +2.75% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 4 9
10th Percentile £55.30 £54.15 £45.85
25th Percentile £61.56 £56.63 £52.50
Median hourly rate £65.52 £60.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +9.20% +9.09% +22.22%
75th Percentile £71.03 £64.63 £60.00
90th Percentile £73.45 £67.55 "
UK median hourly rate £63.50 £60.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +5.83% +9.09% +22.22%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 14,903 12,036 26,952
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.40% 30.86% 32.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,721 8,653 19,270
10th Percentile £350 £338 £341
25th Percentile £413 £413 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £603 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £490
% change year-on-year - +2.04% +4.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 150 102 231
10th Percentile £22.02 £20.53 £17.25
25th Percentile £31.25 £31.63 £30.64
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.46 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -3.14% +3.24% +7.14%
75th Percentile £57.50 £57.50 £53.75
90th Percentile £65.59 £66.00 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.92
% change year-on-year -2.17% +2.42% +7.54%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +11 1,225 £585 +6.27% 315
South East +14 108 £457 -3.82% 62
North of England +1 98 £500 +11.11% 96
South West -7 78 £488 -2.50% 37
Midlands -24 46 £450 +8.11% 41
North East +14 41 £531 +18.06% 15
North West +6 36 £463 -0.54% 61
West Midlands -21 36 £460 +11.52% 33
East of England -34 36 £525 +2.44% 31
Yorkshire -12 21 £500 +5.54% 20
East Midlands +2 11 £386 -14.17% 8
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,584 (94.51%) Java
2 922 (55.01%) Agile Software Development
3 887 (52.92%) Spring Boot
4 804 (47.97%) Microservices
5 521 (31.09%) Java 8
6 504 (30.07%) TDD
7 465 (27.74%) Jenkins
8 455 (27.15%) Finance
9 448 (26.73%) Git (software)
10 441 (26.31%) SQL
10 441 (26.31%) REST
11 434 (25.89%) Docker
12 400 (23.87%) Banking
13 390 (23.27%) Maven
14 389 (23.21%) Kubernetes
15 384 (22.91%) AWS
16 362 (21.60%) JavaScript
17 354 (21.12%) Scrum
18 319 (19.03%) DevOps
19 294 (17.54%) BDD
20 284 (16.95%) Kafka
21 281 (16.77%) RESTful
22 271 (16.17%) Hibernate
23 269 (16.05%) Oracle
24 266 (15.87%) Linux
25 259 (15.45%) AngularJS
26 258 (15.39%) Software Engineering
27 249 (14.86%) Social Skills
28 248 (14.80%) React
29 227 (13.54%) Test Automation

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (5.79%) Confluence
2 78 (4.65%) Mule
3 74 (4.42%) Apache
4 66 (3.94%) Tomcat
5 54 (3.22%) Apache Spark
5 54 (3.22%) Cloud Foundry
6 52 (3.10%) JBoss
6 52 (3.10%) Red Hat Fuse
7 43 (2.57%) Elasticsearch
8 37 (2.21%) WebLogic
9 26 (1.55%) WebSphere
10 25 (1.49%) Camunda
11 17 (1.01%) nginx
11 17 (1.01%) Oracle Coherence
12 16 (0.95%) Jetty
13 12 (0.72%) CMS
13 12 (0.72%) GemFire
14 11 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 11 (0.66%) Anypoint
14 11 (0.66%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 4 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.060%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 10 (0.60%) SAP Hybris
2 8 (0.48%) Adobe Campaign
3 6 (0.36%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.18%) ION MarketView
4 3 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.12%) Magento
5 2 (0.12%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.12%) SAP CRM
5 2 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.060%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.060%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.060%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.060%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 384 (22.91%) AWS
2 208 (12.41%) Azure
3 127 (7.58%) GCP
4 104 (6.21%) GitHub
5 67 (4.00%) OpenShift
6 61 (3.64%) Serverless
7 46 (2.74%) PaaS
8 38 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
9 30 (1.79%) SaaS
10 29 (1.73%) Amazon S3
11 27 (1.61%) Amazon EC2
12 26 (1.55%) Cloud Computing
13 25 (1.49%) AWS CloudFormation
14 23 (1.37%) IaaS
15 21 (1.25%) Amazon ECS
16 19 (1.13%) Apigee
16 19 (1.13%) Slack
17 13 (0.78%) Amazon Kinesis
18 12 (0.72%) Kong
19 11 (0.66%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 25 (1.49%) SSL
2 24 (1.43%) HTTP
3 17 (1.01%) TCP/IP
4 14 (0.84%) LAN
5 7 (0.42%) Internet
6 6 (0.36%) SMS
7 5 (0.30%) DMARC
7 5 (0.30%) DNS
7 5 (0.30%) HTTPS
7 5 (0.30%) SMTP
8 4 (0.24%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.18%) Broadband
10 2 (0.12%) AMQP
10 2 (0.12%) Firewall
10 2 (0.12%) OpenLDAP
10 2 (0.12%) PuTTY
10 2 (0.12%) Reverse Proxy
10 2 (0.12%) RTMP
10 2 (0.12%) SWIFTNet
11 1 (0.060%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 177 (10.56%) NoSQL
2 171 (10.20%) Relational Database
3 140 (8.35%) PostgreSQL
4 132 (7.88%) MongoDB
5 89 (5.31%) SQL Server
6 81 (4.83%) MySQL
7 69 (4.12%) Redis
8 68 (4.06%) Hazelcast
9 57 (3.40%) Hadoop
10 48 (2.86%) Oracle Database
11 46 (2.74%) Apache Cassandra
12 38 (2.27%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 34 (2.03%) RDBMS
14 32 (1.91%) Big Data
15 23 (1.37%) DB2
16 20 (1.19%) BigQuery
17 18 (1.07%) Amazon RDS
18 16 (0.95%) Apache Hive
18 16 (0.95%) Data Warehouse
19 12 (0.72%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 465 (27.74%) Jenkins
2 448 (26.73%) Git (software)
3 390 (23.27%) Maven
4 191 (11.40%) JIRA
5 187 (11.16%) JUnit
6 172 (10.26%) Cucumber
7 100 (5.97%) Mockito
8 76 (4.53%) Gradle
8 76 (4.53%) Subversion
9 75 (4.47%) Selenium
10 66 (3.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 61 (3.64%) GitLab
12 56 (3.34%) Sonatype Nexus
13 50 (2.98%) SonarQube
14 45 (2.68%) TeamCity
15 40 (2.39%) IntelliJ
16 35 (2.09%) Bitbucket
16 35 (2.09%) Postman
17 26 (1.55%) Eclipse
17 26 (1.55%) FishEye
General
1 455 (27.15%) Finance
2 400 (23.87%) Banking
3 249 (14.86%) Social Skills
4 162 (9.67%) Investment Banking
5 94 (5.61%) Front Office
6 77 (4.59%) Analytical Skills
7 58 (3.46%) Retail
8 55 (3.28%) Public Sector
9 32 (1.91%) Marketing
10 31 (1.85%) Documentation Skills
11 27 (1.61%) Manufacturing
12 26 (1.55%) Financial Institution
13 17 (1.01%) Retail Banking
14 16 (0.95%) Games
15 12 (0.72%) Presentation Skills
16 11 (0.66%) Electronics
17 8 (0.48%) Influencing Skills
18 7 (0.42%) Publishing
18 7 (0.42%) Telecoms
19 6 (0.36%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,242 (74.11%) Developer
2 965 (57.58%) Java Developer
3 229 (13.66%) Senior Developer
4 204 (12.17%) Senior Java Developer
5 130 (7.76%) Full Stack Developer
6 119 (7.10%) Java Engineer
7 96 (5.73%) Architect
8 76 (4.53%) Software Engineer
9 71 (4.24%) AWS Developer
10 53 (3.16%) Integration Developer
10 53 (3.16%) Java Software Engineer
11 43 (2.57%) Agile Developer
12 39 (2.33%) Agile Java Developer
12 39 (2.33%) Lead Developer
13 38 (2.27%) Backend Developer
14 37 (2.21%) Consultant
15 34 (2.03%) DevOps Engineer
15 34 (2.03%) React Developer
16 33 (1.97%) Angular Developer
17 30 (1.79%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 887 (52.92%) Spring Boot
2 441 (26.31%) REST
3 284 (16.95%) Kafka
4 281 (16.77%) RESTful
5 271 (16.17%) Hibernate
6 259 (15.45%) AngularJS
7 248 (14.80%) React
8 211 (12.59%) Web Services
9 200 (11.93%) HTML
10 151 (9.01%) Node.js
11 149 (8.89%) CSS
12 139 (8.29%) JSON
13 136 (8.11%) J2EE
14 123 (7.34%) Middleware
15 118 (7.04%) Apache Camel
16 117 (6.98%) XML
17 101 (6.03%) JMS
18 91 (5.43%) JPA
19 83 (4.95%) SOAP
20 82 (4.89%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 66 (3.94%) Enterprise Software
2 65 (3.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 62 (3.70%) Data Structures
4 54 (3.22%) User Experience
5 48 (2.86%) Algorithms
6 47 (2.80%) Greenfield Project
7 42 (2.51%) Fixed Income
8 41 (2.45%) Mobile App
9 38 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
10 34 (2.03%) Cloud Native
11 32 (1.91%) Clustering
11 32 (1.91%) Derivative
12 25 (1.49%) Management Information System
12 25 (1.49%) Virtual Team
13 21 (1.25%) Public Cloud
14 20 (1.19%) Client/Server
15 18 (1.07%) Hedge funds
16 17 (1.01%) Grid Computing
17 16 (0.95%) Credit Risk
18 14 (0.84%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 266 (15.87%) Linux
2 176 (10.50%) Unix
3 50 (2.98%) Windows
4 32 (1.91%) Android
5 9 (0.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (0.30%) Apple iOS
6 5 (0.30%) CentOS
7 4 (0.24%) Debian
7 4 (0.24%) VMS
8 2 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
8 2 (0.12%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.12%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.060%) MVS
9 1 (0.060%) OpenWrt
9 1 (0.060%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 922 (55.01%) Agile Software Development
2 804 (47.97%) Microservices
3 504 (30.07%) TDD
4 354 (21.12%) Scrum
5 319 (19.03%) DevOps
6 294 (17.54%) BDD
7 258 (15.39%) Software Engineering
8 227 (13.54%) Test Automation
9 219 (13.07%) Continuous Integration
10 157 (9.37%) OO
11 146 (8.71%) Multithreading
12 137 (8.17%) Unit Testing
13 136 (8.11%) Kanban
14 125 (7.46%) Problem-Solving
15 123 (7.34%) SDLC
16 113 (6.74%) MVC
16 113 (6.74%) Open Source
16 113 (6.74%) Pair Programming
17 99 (5.91%) Continuous Delivery
18 83 (4.95%) API Development
Programming Languages
1 1,584 (94.51%) Java
2 521 (31.09%) Java 8
3 441 (26.31%) SQL
4 362 (21.60%) JavaScript
5 167 (9.96%) Python
6 111 (6.62%) Kotlin
7 110 (6.56%) Scala
8 89 (5.31%) TypeScript
9 75 (4.47%) PL/SQL
10 49 (2.92%) Shell Script
11 40 (2.39%) Groovy
12 36 (2.15%) ES6
13 31 (1.85%) C
14 30 (1.79%) T-SQL
15 26 (1.55%) C#
16 23 (1.37%) Go
16 23 (1.37%) Haskell
17 22 (1.31%) C++
18 18 (1.07%) Bash Shell
18 18 (1.07%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 164 (9.79%) Security Cleared
2 132 (7.88%) SC Cleared
3 61 (3.64%) Degree
4 29 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (1.19%) DV Cleared
6 13 (0.78%) Master's Degree
7 11 (0.66%) AWS Certification
8 10 (0.60%) Sun Certification
9 8 (0.48%) OCPJP
10 5 (0.30%) CTC Cleared
10 5 (0.30%) ISEB
10 5 (0.30%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.060%) CFA
11 1 (0.060%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.060%) HNC
11 1 (0.060%) HND
11 1 (0.060%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (4.30%) QA
2 25 (1.49%) Accessibility
3 12 (0.72%) GDPR
4 7 (0.42%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.42%) ISO 20022
4 7 (0.42%) MiFID
5 5 (0.30%) PMO
6 3 (0.18%) SLA
6 3 (0.18%) WCAG
7 2 (0.12%) ISO 15022
8 1 (0.060%) JTAG
System Software
1 434 (25.89%) Docker
2 12 (0.72%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 11 (0.66%) HDFS
4 5 (0.30%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.30%) Platform Symphony
5 4 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.18%) OpenAM
6 3 (0.18%) vSphere
7 2 (0.12%) Postfix
7 2 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.060%) KVM
8 1 (0.060%) OpenDJ
8 1 (0.060%) OpenIDM
8 1 (0.060%) RACF
Systems Management
1 389 (23.21%) Kubernetes
2 96 (5.73%) Terraform
3 89 (5.31%) Ansible
4 35 (2.09%) Prometheus
5 28 (1.67%) Grafana
6 16 (0.95%) Kibana
6 16 (0.95%) Puppet
7 15 (0.89%) Opscode Chef
8 10 (0.60%) Rancher
9 8 (0.48%) CloudHub
10 7 (0.42%) HP Fortify
11 5 (0.30%) Oozie
11 5 (0.30%) Zipkin
12 4 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
12 4 (0.24%) logstash
12 4 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.18%) HP ALM
14 2 (0.12%) Istio
14 2 (0.12%) PingFederate
15 1 (0.060%) Mesos
Vendors
1 269 (16.05%) Oracle
2 80 (4.77%) Google
3 52 (3.10%) Microsoft
4 48 (2.86%) IBM
5 45 (2.68%) MuleSoft
5 45 (2.68%) Splunk
6 36 (2.15%) Atlassian
7 30 (1.79%) AppDynamics
8 24 (1.43%) hybris
8 24 (1.43%) Red Hat
8 24 (1.43%) Sybase
9 23 (1.37%) BEA
9 23 (1.37%) Informatica
9 23 (1.37%) WSO2
10 20 (1.19%) Adobe
10 20 (1.19%) SAP
10 20 (1.19%) webMethods
11 17 (1.01%) CA Agile Central
12 16 (0.95%) CA
13 15 (0.89%) Solace