Period
to 25 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 25 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
25 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 75 67 63
Rank change year-on-year -8 -4 +6
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,280 2,917 3,286
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.99% 3.48% 3.54%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.74% 10.55% 10.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 899 2,069 2,422
Median daily rate £515 £510 £490
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.98% +4.08% +5.95%
10th Percentile £400 £386 £369
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £503 £500 £483
% change year-on-year +0.50% +3.63% +7.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 13 9
Median hourly rate £35.00 £55.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -36.36% +22.22% -14.29%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £44.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -21.35% -1.11% -14.29%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 13,135 27,660 30,848
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.71% 33.00% 33.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,991 19,504 21,914
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £338 £338 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £490 £475
% change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 193 274 327
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.71 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.92% +3.44% +3.05%
10th Percentile £24.50 £18.50 £17.40
90th Percentile £63.00 £60.53 £58.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.13
% change year-on-year -17.65% +0.89% +4.63%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 25 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 25 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 25 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 771 £550 - 80
North of England -42 129 £450 - 35
South East -52 120 £475 +5.56% 25
South West +10 100 £500 +5.26% 14
East of England +11 81 £513 +7.89% 3
Midlands -3 76 £428 -4.89% 13
West Midlands +16 61 £425 -1.45% 11
Yorkshire -32 47 £475 - 12
North East +33 42 £430 -9.47% 5
North West -49 40 £465 +3.33% 18
East Midlands -4 15 £450 -5.26% 2
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 25 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,240 (96.88%) Java
2 708 (55.31%) Agile Software Development
3 682 (53.28%) Spring Boot
4 630 (49.22%) Microservices
5 450 (35.16%) Java 8
6 380 (29.69%) TDD
7 378 (29.53%) AWS
8 335 (26.17%) Jenkins
9 312 (24.38%) Docker
10 305 (23.83%) Maven
11 302 (23.59%) Git (software)
12 281 (21.95%) RESTful
13 268 (20.94%) SQL
13 268 (20.94%) REST
14 264 (20.63%) Web Services
15 250 (19.53%) Kubernetes
16 248 (19.38%) Scrum
17 241 (18.83%) JavaScript
18 235 (18.36%) AngularJS
19 232 (18.13%) JUnit
20 230 (17.97%) DevOps
21 227 (17.73%) Continuous Integration
22 222 (17.34%) Test Automation
22 222 (17.34%) Finance
23 213 (16.64%) Security Cleared
24 187 (14.61%) SC Cleared
25 186 (14.53%) Hibernate
26 185 (14.45%) Software Engineering
27 174 (13.59%) Azure
27 174 (13.59%) BDD

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (5.70%) Elasticsearch
2 72 (5.63%) Tomcat
3 59 (4.61%) Confluence
4 57 (4.45%) Apache Spark
5 48 (3.75%) Apache
6 43 (3.36%) WebLogic
7 40 (3.13%) WebSphere
8 29 (2.27%) Cloud Foundry
9 26 (2.03%) Camunda
10 22 (1.72%) JBoss
11 16 (1.25%) Red Hat Fuse
12 10 (0.78%) Mule
13 8 (0.63%) Apache Solr
13 8 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 7 (0.55%) CMS
14 7 (0.55%) Oracle Workflow
15 6 (0.47%) GlassFish
16 5 (0.39%) Oracle Service Bus
16 5 (0.39%) WebSphere Application Server
17 4 (0.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 9 (0.70%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 6 (0.47%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.31%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.078%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.078%) ENOVIA
5 1 (0.078%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 378 (29.53%) AWS
2 174 (13.59%) Azure
3 103 (8.05%) GCP
4 66 (5.16%) GitHub
5 56 (4.38%) Amazon EC2
6 37 (2.89%) OpenShift
7 31 (2.42%) Amazon SQS
8 30 (2.34%) Serverless
9 23 (1.80%) Amazon S3
10 20 (1.56%) AWS Lambda
11 15 (1.17%) SaaS
12 11 (0.86%) PaaS
13 9 (0.70%) Amazon Kinesis
14 7 (0.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 7 (0.55%) Route 53
15 6 (0.47%) IaaS
15 6 (0.47%) Slack
16 5 (0.39%) Amazon EKS
16 5 (0.39%) AWS Fargate
16 5 (0.39%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 52 (4.06%) HTTP
2 38 (2.97%) SSL
3 33 (2.58%) HTTPS
4 18 (1.41%) TCP/IP
5 14 (1.09%) FTP
6 9 (0.70%) RTMP
7 6 (0.47%) DNS
7 6 (0.47%) Internet
8 5 (0.39%) X.509
9 2 (0.16%) Network Security
9 2 (0.16%) Skype
10 1 (0.078%) DSL
10 1 (0.078%) Intranet
10 1 (0.078%) Kerberos
10 1 (0.078%) LAN
10 1 (0.078%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 124 (9.69%) NoSQL
2 104 (8.13%) Relational Database
3 97 (7.58%) MySQL
4 92 (7.19%) PostgreSQL
5 61 (4.77%) SQL Server
6 56 (4.38%) MongoDB
7 45 (3.52%) Oracle Database
8 43 (3.36%) Amazon RDS
9 35 (2.73%) Big Data
10 30 (2.34%) Apache Cassandra
11 28 (2.19%) Hadoop
12 22 (1.72%) Redis
13 18 (1.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 13 (1.02%) RDBMS
15 11 (0.86%) Oracle Database 12c
16 10 (0.78%) Flink
17 8 (0.63%) Oracle Exadata
18 6 (0.47%) DB2
18 6 (0.47%) Neo4j
19 5 (0.39%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 335 (26.17%) Jenkins
2 305 (23.83%) Maven
3 302 (23.59%) Git (software)
4 232 (18.13%) JUnit
5 138 (10.78%) Mockito
6 125 (9.77%) Gradle
7 109 (8.52%) Cucumber
8 107 (8.36%) JIRA
9 72 (5.63%) SonarQube
10 62 (4.84%) GitLab
11 48 (3.75%) Subversion
12 41 (3.20%) Selenium
13 38 (2.97%) jMock
14 36 (2.81%) DbUnit
15 35 (2.73%) Bitbucket
16 32 (2.50%) SoapUI
17 25 (1.95%) Ant
18 23 (1.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 23 (1.80%) Eclipse
19 22 (1.72%) JMeter
General
1 222 (17.34%) Finance
2 153 (11.95%) Banking
3 104 (8.13%) Public Sector
4 77 (6.02%) Investment Banking
5 47 (3.67%) Front Office
6 27 (2.11%) Retail
7 24 (1.88%) Financial Institution
8 19 (1.48%) Back Office
9 18 (1.41%) Games
10 14 (1.09%) Marketing
11 13 (1.02%) Telecoms
12 8 (0.63%) Manufacturing
13 7 (0.55%) Automotive
13 7 (0.55%) Electronics
13 7 (0.55%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.23%) Legal
14 3 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.23%) Police
15 2 (0.16%) Publishing
16 1 (0.078%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 1,024 (80.00%) Developer
2 878 (68.59%) Java Developer
3 132 (10.31%) Senior Developer
4 118 (9.22%) Senior Java Developer
5 108 (8.44%) Full Stack Developer
6 85 (6.64%) AWS Developer
7 75 (5.86%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 62 (4.84%) Java Engineer
9 54 (4.22%) Architect
10 51 (3.98%) Backend Developer
11 49 (3.83%) Software Engineer
12 35 (2.73%) Agile Developer
12 35 (2.73%) Agile Java Developer
13 30 (2.34%) React Developer
14 26 (2.03%) Angular Developer
15 24 (1.88%) Software Developer
16 23 (1.80%) Java Developer - Fintech
17 22 (1.72%) Java Software Engineer
18 21 (1.64%) DevOps Engineer
19 20 (1.56%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 682 (53.28%) Spring Boot
2 281 (21.95%) RESTful
3 268 (20.94%) REST
4 264 (20.63%) Web Services
5 235 (18.36%) AngularJS
6 186 (14.53%) Hibernate
7 163 (12.73%) Kafka
8 159 (12.42%) HTML
9 151 (11.80%) SOAP
10 144 (11.25%) React
11 142 (11.09%) CSS
12 139 (10.86%) J2EE
13 108 (8.44%) JSON
14 99 (7.73%) Spring Cloud
15 98 (7.66%) XML
16 83 (6.48%) Apache Camel
17 81 (6.33%) Node.js
18 77 (6.02%) JPA
19 73 (5.70%) HTML5
20 72 (5.63%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 69 (5.39%) Greenfield Project
2 52 (4.06%) Enterprise Software
3 48 (3.75%) User Experience
4 46 (3.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 45 (3.52%) Mobile App
6 33 (2.58%) Analytical Skills
7 29 (2.27%) Cloud Native
8 26 (2.03%) Virtual Team
9 23 (1.80%) Semantic Web
10 22 (1.72%) Credit Risk
11 21 (1.64%) Public Cloud
12 16 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
13 15 (1.17%) Algorithms
13 15 (1.17%) Data Structures
14 14 (1.09%) Fixed Income
15 11 (0.86%) Mobile Payment
16 9 (0.70%) PKI
16 9 (0.70%) Replication
17 8 (0.63%) Derivative
18 7 (0.55%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 125 (9.77%) Linux
2 66 (5.16%) Unix
3 26 (2.03%) Windows
4 19 (1.48%) Ubuntu
5 17 (1.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 12 (0.94%) Android
6 12 (0.94%) CentOS
7 11 (0.86%) Apple iOS
7 11 (0.86%) Debian
8 9 (0.70%) Solaris
9 8 (0.63%) Oracle Linux
10 6 (0.47%) Amazon Linux
10 6 (0.47%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.16%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.078%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 708 (55.31%) Agile Software Development
2 630 (49.22%) Microservices
3 380 (29.69%) TDD
4 248 (19.38%) Scrum
5 230 (17.97%) DevOps
6 227 (17.73%) Continuous Integration
7 222 (17.34%) Test Automation
8 185 (14.45%) Software Engineering
9 174 (13.59%) BDD
10 127 (9.92%) SDLC
11 113 (8.83%) Open Source
12 100 (7.81%) Kanban
12 100 (7.81%) Pair Programming
13 93 (7.27%) MVC
14 75 (5.86%) Continuous Delivery
15 74 (5.78%) Multithreading
16 67 (5.23%) Fintech
16 67 (5.23%) Migration
17 65 (5.08%) Unit Testing
18 64 (5.00%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,240 (96.88%) Java
2 450 (35.16%) Java 8
3 268 (20.94%) SQL
4 241 (18.83%) JavaScript
5 104 (8.13%) Python
6 72 (5.63%) Kotlin
7 64 (5.00%) Scala
8 55 (4.30%) TypeScript
9 35 (2.73%) Shell Script
10 34 (2.66%) Groovy
11 33 (2.58%) ES6
11 33 (2.58%) PL/SQL
12 32 (2.50%) C#
13 20 (1.56%) C++
14 16 (1.25%) Ruby
15 12 (0.94%) Bash Shell
16 10 (0.78%) R
17 9 (0.70%) XPath
18 7 (0.55%) Haskell
18 7 (0.55%) Perl
Qualifications
1 213 (16.64%) Security Cleared
2 187 (14.61%) SC Cleared
3 40 (3.13%) Degree
4 20 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (1.33%) DV Cleared
6 13 (1.02%) ISEB
6 13 (1.02%) ISTQB
6 13 (1.02%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 10 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
8 7 (0.55%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.39%) AWS Certification
9 5 (0.39%) DBS Check
9 5 (0.39%) Sun Certification
10 4 (0.31%) SANS
11 3 (0.23%) CTC Cleared
11 3 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
11 3 (0.23%) OCP
11 3 (0.23%) OCPJP
11 3 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
12 2 (0.16%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (2.50%) QA
2 8 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 3 (0.23%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.23%) GDPR
4 1 (0.078%) SLA
4 1 (0.078%) WCAG
System Software
1 312 (24.38%) Docker
2 24 (1.88%) Postfix
3 9 (0.70%) vSphere
4 8 (0.63%) Oracle RAC
5 7 (0.55%) Active Directory
5 7 (0.55%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.47%) HDFS
6 6 (0.47%) OpenAM
6 6 (0.47%) OpenDJ
7 1 (0.078%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.078%) GridGain
7 1 (0.078%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.078%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 250 (19.53%) Kubernetes
2 60 (4.69%) Terraform
3 38 (2.97%) Ansible
4 25 (1.95%) Prometheus
5 21 (1.64%) Zipkin
6 12 (0.94%) Puppet
7 10 (0.78%) Oracle RMAN
8 9 (0.70%) Kibana
9 8 (0.63%) Data Guard
10 7 (0.55%) Opscode Chef
11 6 (0.47%) Consul
11 6 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
11 6 (0.47%) Grafana
12 5 (0.39%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 4 (0.31%) linkerd
14 3 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
14 3 (0.23%) Rundeck
15 2 (0.16%) logstash
15 2 (0.16%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 2 (0.16%) Salt
Vendors
1 140 (10.94%) Oracle
2 55 (4.30%) Google
3 34 (2.66%) IBM
4 29 (2.27%) SAP
5 28 (2.19%) Microsoft
6 23 (1.80%) hybris
7 17 (1.33%) Red Hat
8 16 (1.25%) AppDynamics
9 14 (1.09%) Adobe
10 13 (1.02%) Splunk
11 10 (0.78%) Atlassian
11 10 (0.78%) BEA
11 10 (0.78%) MuleSoft
12 9 (0.70%) Gigya
12 9 (0.70%) Terracotta
12 9 (0.70%) VMware
13 8 (0.63%) Talend
14 7 (0.55%) ForgeRock
14 7 (0.55%) WSO2
15 6 (0.47%) Cloudera