Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 69 76 64
Rank change year-on-year +7 -12 +1
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,332 1,584 3,188
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.19% 2.95% 3.61%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.48% 9.71% 10.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 961 1,168 2,227
10th Percentile £400 £400 £380
25th Percentile £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £513
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.44% +5.13%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £663 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £518 £500
% change year-on-year +1.45% +3.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 4 11
10th Percentile £41.70 £54.15 £33.84
25th Percentile £55.00 £56.63 £43.00
Median hourly rate £58.00 £60.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year -3.33% +9.09% +22.22%
75th Percentile " £64.63 £58.75
90th Percentile £68.07 £67.55 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £60.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -25.00% +20.00% +11.11%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,705 16,320 29,358
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.43% 30.44% 33.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,179 11,644 21,185
10th Percentile £325 £338 £331
25th Percentile £406 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £592 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 148 152 247
10th Percentile £22.00 £19.79 £18.50
25th Percentile £31.25 £31.11 £27.75
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.00
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +4.55% +7.98%
75th Percentile £57.50 £55.25 £52.50
90th Percentile £63.25 £73.75 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year -2.17% +6.98% +6.83%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 956 £575 +4.55% 229
North of England -6 98 £475 - 127
South East +3 78 £450 -5.26% 63
South West +26 68 £500 - 26
East of England +14 40 £525 +5.00% 22
Yorkshire -8 36 £450 -5.26% 38
North West +5 34 £463 -2.63% 67
North East +13 28 £500 +16.28% 22
Midlands -44 26 £428 - 56
West Midlands -46 14 £428 -4.89% 47
East Midlands +14 11 £386 -3.44% 9
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,268 (95.20%) Java
2 706 (53.00%) Agile Software Development
3 694 (52.10%) Spring Boot
4 644 (48.35%) Microservices
5 416 (31.23%) Java 8
6 375 (28.15%) REST
7 370 (27.78%) Docker
8 368 (27.63%) Jenkins
9 361 (27.10%) TDD
10 352 (26.43%) Kubernetes
11 351 (26.35%) Git (software)
12 350 (26.28%) Finance
13 340 (25.53%) Banking
14 324 (24.32%) SQL
15 310 (23.27%) AWS
16 302 (22.67%) JavaScript
17 287 (21.55%) Maven
18 263 (19.74%) Scrum
19 252 (18.92%) DevOps
20 245 (18.39%) Hibernate
21 225 (16.89%) Linux
22 217 (16.29%) Continuous Integration
23 215 (16.14%) AngularJS
24 209 (15.69%) Kafka
25 208 (15.62%) BDD
26 207 (15.54%) RESTful
27 204 (15.32%) Software Engineering
28 199 (14.94%) Web Services
29 193 (14.49%) React
30 184 (13.81%) Oracle

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (9.16%) Mule
2 79 (5.93%) Red Hat Fuse
3 72 (5.41%) Cloud Foundry
3 72 (5.41%) Confluence
4 63 (4.73%) Apache
5 51 (3.83%) Tomcat
6 49 (3.68%) JBoss
7 42 (3.15%) WebSphere
8 40 (3.00%) Elasticsearch
9 30 (2.25%) WebLogic
10 25 (1.88%) Apache Spark
11 22 (1.65%) Camunda
12 17 (1.28%) Jetty
13 16 (1.20%) Oracle Coherence
14 11 (0.83%) Anypoint
14 11 (0.83%) Mule ESB
15 8 (0.60%) CMS
15 8 (0.60%) nginx
16 7 (0.53%) Apache Solr
17 6 (0.45%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 1 (0.075%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.075%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (0.45%) Adobe Campaign
2 4 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.15%) Temenos T24
4 1 (0.075%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.075%) Exstream
4 1 (0.075%) ION MarketView
4 1 (0.075%) Minerva
4 1 (0.075%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.075%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.075%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.075%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 310 (23.27%) AWS
2 155 (11.64%) Azure
3 76 (5.71%) GitHub
4 74 (5.56%) GCP
5 70 (5.26%) OpenShift
6 49 (3.68%) PaaS
7 47 (3.53%) Serverless
8 29 (2.18%) Amazon ECS
9 26 (1.95%) Apigee
9 26 (1.95%) IaaS
9 26 (1.95%) SaaS
10 25 (1.88%) Slack
11 23 (1.73%) Cloud Computing
12 21 (1.58%) AWS CloudFormation
12 21 (1.58%) AWS Lambda
13 19 (1.43%) Amazon S3
14 18 (1.35%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 15 (1.13%) Amazon EC2
15 15 (1.13%) Amazon Kinesis
16 14 (1.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 30 (2.25%) HTTP
2 15 (1.13%) SSL
3 10 (0.75%) Internet
4 8 (0.60%) DNS
5 6 (0.45%) SMS
5 6 (0.45%) TCP/IP
6 5 (0.38%) AMQP
6 5 (0.38%) DMARC
6 5 (0.38%) HTTPS
6 5 (0.38%) SMTP
7 4 (0.30%) FTP
8 3 (0.23%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.15%) LAN
9 2 (0.15%) Network Security
9 2 (0.15%) OpenLDAP
9 2 (0.15%) PuTTY
9 2 (0.15%) Reverse Proxy
9 2 (0.15%) SWIFTNet
10 1 (0.075%) SSH
10 1 (0.075%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 165 (12.39%) Relational Database
2 150 (11.26%) NoSQL
3 106 (7.96%) MongoDB
4 102 (7.66%) PostgreSQL
5 68 (5.11%) MySQL
6 66 (4.95%) SQL Server
7 44 (3.30%) Hazelcast
8 40 (3.00%) Redis
9 35 (2.63%) RDBMS
10 32 (2.40%) Hadoop
11 31 (2.33%) Apache Cassandra
12 29 (2.18%) Oracle Database
13 22 (1.65%) Big Data
14 18 (1.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 18 (1.35%) Apache Hive
15 17 (1.28%) DB2
16 12 (0.90%) Amazon RDS
17 10 (0.75%) Couchbase
18 9 (0.68%) Data Lake
19 8 (0.60%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 368 (27.63%) Jenkins
2 351 (26.35%) Git (software)
3 287 (21.55%) Maven
4 139 (10.44%) JUnit
5 138 (10.36%) JIRA
6 101 (7.58%) Cucumber
7 85 (6.38%) Mockito
8 76 (5.71%) Gradle
9 64 (4.80%) GitLab
10 59 (4.43%) Sonatype Nexus
11 58 (4.35%) Subversion
12 45 (3.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 42 (3.15%) SonarQube
14 40 (3.00%) Selenium
15 37 (2.78%) IntelliJ
16 27 (2.03%) Artifactory
17 25 (1.88%) TeamCity
18 24 (1.80%) Eclipse
19 23 (1.73%) Bitbucket
20 21 (1.58%) gulp
General
1 350 (26.28%) Finance
2 340 (25.53%) Banking
3 119 (8.93%) Investment Banking
4 109 (8.18%) Front Office
5 54 (4.05%) Public Sector
6 35 (2.63%) Retail
7 29 (2.18%) Marketing
8 11 (0.83%) Financial Institution
8 11 (0.83%) Games
8 11 (0.83%) Manufacturing
9 10 (0.75%) Retail Banking
9 10 (0.75%) Telecoms
10 7 (0.53%) Electronics
11 6 (0.45%) Advertising
12 5 (0.38%) Publishing
13 4 (0.30%) Back Office
14 3 (0.23%) Military
15 2 (0.15%) Automotive
15 2 (0.15%) Law
15 2 (0.15%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,008 (75.68%) Developer
2 806 (60.51%) Java Developer
3 198 (14.86%) Senior Developer
4 180 (13.51%) Senior Java Developer
5 114 (8.56%) Full Stack Developer
6 92 (6.91%) Java Engineer
7 74 (5.56%) Architect
7 74 (5.56%) Integration Developer
8 71 (5.33%) AWS Developer
9 66 (4.95%) Software Engineer
10 46 (3.45%) Java Software Engineer
11 34 (2.55%) Lead Developer
11 34 (2.55%) SC Cleared Java Developer
12 32 (2.40%) Agile Developer
13 31 (2.33%) React Developer
14 30 (2.25%) Backend Developer
15 29 (2.18%) Agile Java Developer
15 29 (2.18%) Angular Developer
15 29 (2.18%) Senior Integration Developer
16 27 (2.03%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 694 (52.10%) Spring Boot
2 375 (28.15%) REST
3 245 (18.39%) Hibernate
4 215 (16.14%) AngularJS
5 209 (15.69%) Kafka
6 207 (15.54%) RESTful
7 199 (14.94%) Web Services
8 193 (14.49%) React
9 177 (13.29%) HTML
10 156 (11.71%) Middleware
11 151 (11.34%) Apache Camel
12 141 (10.59%) Node.js
13 122 (9.16%) CSS
14 119 (8.93%) JSON
15 111 (8.33%) Spring Integration
16 102 (7.66%) XML
17 101 (7.58%) HTML5
18 97 (7.28%) J2EE
19 92 (6.91%) SOAP
20 89 (6.68%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 80 (6.01%) Enterprise Software
2 68 (5.11%) Mobile App
3 57 (4.28%) Analytical Skills
4 46 (3.45%) Data Structures
5 43 (3.23%) Clustering
6 39 (2.93%) Greenfield Project
6 39 (2.93%) User Experience
7 37 (2.78%) Fixed Income
8 35 (2.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 32 (2.40%) Self-Motivation
10 26 (1.95%) Public Cloud
11 25 (1.88%) Cloud Native
12 24 (1.80%) Algorithms
12 24 (1.80%) Virtual Team
13 20 (1.50%) Management Information System
14 16 (1.20%) Credit Risk
15 15 (1.13%) Grid Computing
16 14 (1.05%) Derivative
16 14 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
17 13 (0.98%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 225 (16.89%) Linux
2 158 (11.86%) Unix
3 38 (2.85%) Android
4 36 (2.70%) Windows
5 25 (1.88%) Apple iOS
6 8 (0.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.23%) CentOS
7 3 (0.23%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.23%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.15%) Amazon Linux
9 1 (0.075%) MVS
9 1 (0.075%) OpenVMS
9 1 (0.075%) OpenWrt
9 1 (0.075%) Solaris
9 1 (0.075%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.075%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 706 (53.00%) Agile Software Development
2 644 (48.35%) Microservices
3 361 (27.10%) TDD
4 263 (19.74%) Scrum
5 252 (18.92%) DevOps
6 217 (16.29%) Continuous Integration
7 208 (15.62%) BDD
8 204 (15.32%) Software Engineering
9 151 (11.34%) Test Automation
10 131 (9.83%) OO
11 119 (8.93%) Multithreading
12 115 (8.63%) Continuous Delivery
13 114 (8.56%) Unit Testing
14 107 (8.03%) SDLC
15 101 (7.58%) Open Source
16 93 (6.98%) Kanban
17 86 (6.46%) Problem-Solving
18 75 (5.63%) Web Development
19 74 (5.56%) MVC
19 74 (5.56%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,268 (95.20%) Java
2 416 (31.23%) Java 8
3 324 (24.32%) SQL
4 302 (22.67%) JavaScript
5 126 (9.46%) Python
6 104 (7.81%) Kotlin
7 76 (5.71%) Scala
8 59 (4.43%) TypeScript
9 49 (3.68%) PL/SQL
10 45 (3.38%) Shell Script
11 30 (2.25%) ES6
12 29 (2.18%) C#
13 28 (2.10%) Groovy
14 23 (1.73%) Go
15 22 (1.65%) C
16 21 (1.58%) Apple Swift
17 18 (1.35%) T-SQL
18 15 (1.13%) C++
19 14 (1.05%) Bash Shell
20 11 (0.83%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 144 (10.81%) Security Cleared
2 114 (8.56%) SC Cleared
3 54 (4.05%) Degree
4 27 (2.03%) Computer Science Degree
4 27 (2.03%) DV Cleared
5 13 (0.98%) AWS Certification
6 10 (0.75%) Master's Degree
7 7 (0.53%) OCPJP
7 7 (0.53%) Sun Certification
8 6 (0.45%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.075%) CCNA
9 1 (0.075%) CCNP
9 1 (0.075%) CFA
9 1 (0.075%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.075%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.075%) HNC
9 1 (0.075%) HND
9 1 (0.075%) MCSE
9 1 (0.075%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.075%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (2.93%) QA
2 10 (0.75%) GDPR
3 8 (0.60%) MiFID
4 7 (0.53%) ISO 20022
5 6 (0.45%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.45%) WCAG
6 3 (0.23%) PMO
7 2 (0.15%) ISO 15022
7 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.15%) SLA
8 1 (0.075%) JTAG
System Software
1 370 (27.78%) Docker
2 10 (0.75%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 9 (0.68%) HDFS
4 4 (0.30%) Platform Symphony
5 3 (0.23%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.15%) Postfix
6 2 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.075%) KVM
7 1 (0.075%) NDS
7 1 (0.075%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 1 (0.075%) OpenAM
7 1 (0.075%) OpenDJ
7 1 (0.075%) OpenIDM
7 1 (0.075%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 352 (26.43%) Kubernetes
2 75 (5.63%) Terraform
3 53 (3.98%) Ansible
4 48 (3.60%) Prometheus
5 25 (1.88%) Grafana
6 13 (0.98%) Puppet
7 11 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
8 10 (0.75%) Kibana
9 9 (0.68%) CloudHub
10 5 (0.38%) HP ALM
10 5 (0.38%) Oozie
10 5 (0.38%) Zipkin
11 4 (0.30%) Rancher
12 3 (0.23%) logstash
12 3 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
13 2 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
13 2 (0.15%) Hadoop YARN
13 2 (0.15%) Salt
13 2 (0.15%) vRealize
14 1 (0.075%) Graphite
Vendors
1 184 (13.81%) Oracle
2 62 (4.65%) MuleSoft
2 62 (4.65%) Splunk
3 50 (3.75%) AppDynamics
4 39 (2.93%) Google
5 38 (2.85%) IBM
6 36 (2.70%) Microsoft
7 30 (2.25%) Red Hat
8 21 (1.58%) webMethods
9 20 (1.50%) Atlassian
9 20 (1.50%) Sybase
10 15 (1.13%) BEA
11 14 (1.05%) Confluent
12 13 (0.98%) CA Agile Central
12 13 (0.98%) SAP
13 12 (0.90%) CA
13 12 (0.90%) TIBCO
14 11 (0.83%) Murex
15 10 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
15 10 (0.75%) WSO2