Period
to 23 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 23 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
23 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 62 68 70
Rank change year-on-year +6 +2 +45
Contract jobs citing Spring 3,279 2,723 2,825
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.56% 3.26% 2.91%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.70% 10.15% 10.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,386 1,951 2,122
England median daily rate £490 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.95% +2.78% +9.09%
10th Percentile £369 £331 £319
90th Percentile £625 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £485 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +7.78% - +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 9 17
England median hourly rate £45.00 £52.50 £57.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.29% -7.89% +21.28%
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £52.50 £57.00
% change year-on-year -14.29% -7.89% +21.28%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30,647 26,830 28,066
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 33.27% 32.17% 28.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,774 18,605 19,805
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £289
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 324 330 411
England median hourly rate £42.38 £40.75 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.01% +7.24% +8.57%
10th Percentile £17.33 £18.58 £13.50
90th Percentile £61.38 £54.04 £57.00
UK median hourly rate £42.27 £40.26 £38.00
% change year-on-year +4.98% +5.95% +8.57%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 23 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 1,735 £525 +5.00% 447
South East +30 637 £475 -0.52% 156
North of England -7 489 £425 +3.03% 164
Yorkshire +2 264 £425 +5.26% 62
North West -7 195 £425 - 80
Midlands +7 191 £425 - 72
East of England -12 118 £460 +8.24% 51
South West -33 112 £425 +11.84% 37
West Midlands +4 99 £425 -9.57% 46
East Midlands +6 92 £450 +9.76% 25
North East -19 36 £412 +7.08% 22
South Coast -1 2 - -
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 23 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 3,161 (96.40%) Java
2 2,056 (62.70%) Agile Software Development
3 1,355 (41.32%) TDD
4 1,217 (37.11%) Spring Boot
5 1,179 (35.96%) Java 8
6 1,159 (35.35%) Microservices
7 1,057 (32.24%) Hibernate
8 962 (29.34%) REST
9 949 (28.94%) JavaScript
10 921 (28.09%) Git (software)
11 878 (26.78%) Jenkins
12 855 (26.08%) Web Services
13 848 (25.86%) Maven
14 798 (24.34%) RESTful
15 763 (23.27%) BDD
16 742 (22.63%) Scrum
17 662 (20.19%) SQL
18 649 (19.79%) JUnit
19 623 (19.00%) Continuous Integration
20 571 (17.41%) Finance
21 564 (17.20%) J2EE
22 563 (17.17%) Amazon AWS
23 554 (16.90%) AngularJS
24 542 (16.53%) Docker
25 537 (16.38%) Linux
26 530 (16.16%) HTML
27 527 (16.07%) MVC
28 520 (15.86%) Test Automation
29 478 (14.58%) OO
30 471 (14.36%) NoSQL

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 298 (9.09%) Apache
2 271 (8.26%) Tomcat
3 215 (6.56%) Elasticsearch
4 210 (6.40%) Confluence
5 183 (5.58%) JBoss
6 165 (5.03%) WebSphere
7 115 (3.51%) WebLogic
8 109 (3.32%) Cloud Foundry
9 89 (2.71%) Apache Spark
10 88 (2.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 73 (2.23%) Mule
12 64 (1.95%) Apache Solr
13 49 (1.49%) CMS
14 42 (1.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 41 (1.25%) Jetty
16 33 (1.01%) MQSeries
16 33 (1.01%) WebSphere Application Server
17 27 (0.82%) GemFire
17 27 (0.82%) Mule ESB
18 23 (0.70%) Apache ServiceMix
Applications
1 7 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.061%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.030%) InVision
3 1 (0.030%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 19 (0.58%) SAP Hybris
2 18 (0.55%) Oracle BPM
3 15 (0.46%) Payment Gateway
4 10 (0.30%) ION MarketView
5 4 (0.12%) Global One
6 2 (0.061%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.061%) Oracle General Ledger
6 2 (0.061%) SDL Web 8
7 1 (0.030%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 563 (17.17%) Amazon AWS
2 131 (4.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 114 (3.48%) GitHub
4 67 (2.04%) Amazon EC2
5 60 (1.83%) PaaS
6 48 (1.46%) npm
7 37 (1.13%) OpenShift
8 34 (1.04%) Cloud Computing
9 33 (1.01%) IaaS
10 32 (0.98%) Amazon S3
11 31 (0.95%) Serverless
12 29 (0.88%) Amazon SQS
12 29 (0.88%) SaaS
13 25 (0.76%) Slack
14 22 (0.67%) Heroku
15 19 (0.58%) AWS Lambda
15 19 (0.58%) Google Cloud Platform
16 13 (0.40%) Sauce Labs
17 12 (0.37%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 12 (0.37%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 158 (4.82%) HTTP
2 77 (2.35%) TCP/IP
3 41 (1.25%) Internet
3 41 (1.25%) SSL
4 38 (1.16%) SMS
5 31 (0.95%) FTP
6 25 (0.76%) Kerberos
7 21 (0.64%) DNS
8 15 (0.46%) SSH
9 14 (0.43%) Firewall
10 10 (0.30%) SMTP
11 6 (0.18%) Ethernet
11 6 (0.18%) MPLS
11 6 (0.18%) WAN
12 5 (0.15%) BIG-IP
13 4 (0.12%) AMQP
13 4 (0.12%) Network Security
14 3 (0.091%) DSL
14 3 (0.091%) Skype
15 2 (0.061%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 471 (14.36%) NoSQL
2 402 (12.26%) Relational Database
3 392 (11.95%) MongoDB
4 329 (10.03%) PostgreSQL
5 304 (9.27%) MySQL
6 192 (5.86%) SQL Server
7 184 (5.61%) Big Data
8 170 (5.18%) RDBMS
9 144 (4.39%) Apache Cassandra
10 141 (4.30%) Hadoop
11 114 (3.48%) Redis
12 95 (2.90%) Oracle Database
13 67 (2.04%) DB2
14 59 (1.80%) HBase
15 36 (1.10%) Couchbase
15 36 (1.10%) Neo4j
15 36 (1.10%) Oracle Database 11g
16 30 (0.91%) Apache Hive
17 28 (0.85%) Endeca
18 27 (0.82%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 921 (28.09%) Git (software)
2 878 (26.78%) Jenkins
3 848 (25.86%) Maven
4 649 (19.79%) JUnit
5 374 (11.41%) JIRA
6 314 (9.58%) Gradle
7 284 (8.66%) Mockito
8 241 (7.35%) Cucumber
9 189 (5.76%) Subversion
10 168 (5.12%) Selenium
11 152 (4.64%) Eclipse
12 129 (3.93%) IntelliJ
13 120 (3.66%) Ant
14 106 (3.23%) SonarQube
15 85 (2.59%) TeamCity
16 71 (2.17%) Hudson
17 65 (1.98%) Bitbucket
18 58 (1.77%) Sonatype Nexus
19 56 (1.71%) gulp
20 54 (1.65%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 571 (17.41%) Finance
2 463 (14.12%) Banking
3 167 (5.09%) Investment Banking
4 91 (2.78%) Retail
5 80 (2.44%) Games
6 64 (1.95%) Front Office
7 38 (1.16%) Telecoms
8 36 (1.10%) Law
9 25 (0.76%) Back Office
10 23 (0.70%) Legal
11 21 (0.64%) Advertising
12 18 (0.55%) Retail Banking
13 17 (0.52%) Manufacturing
14 15 (0.46%) Marketing
15 13 (0.40%) Publishing
16 12 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
17 10 (0.30%) Financial Institution
17 10 (0.30%) General Ledger
18 9 (0.27%) Automotive
19 6 (0.18%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 2,718 (82.89%) Developer
2 2,298 (70.08%) Java Developer
3 438 (13.36%) Senior Developer
4 396 (12.08%) Senior Java Developer
5 206 (6.28%) Java Engineer
6 187 (5.70%) Full Stack Developer
7 163 (4.97%) Agile Developer
8 161 (4.91%) Architect
9 146 (4.45%) Lead Developer
10 139 (4.24%) Agile Java Developer
11 136 (4.15%) Lead Java Developer
12 130 (3.96%) Software Engineer
13 106 (3.23%) Java Software Engineer
14 90 (2.74%) Backend Developer
15 83 (2.53%) Angular Developer
15 83 (2.53%) AWS Developer
16 72 (2.20%) Java Architect
16 72 (2.20%) Java Software Developer
17 71 (2.17%) JavaScript Developer
18 69 (2.10%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,217 (37.11%) Spring Boot
2 1,057 (32.24%) Hibernate
3 962 (29.34%) REST
4 855 (26.08%) Web Services
5 798 (24.34%) RESTful
6 564 (17.20%) J2EE
7 554 (16.90%) AngularJS
8 530 (16.16%) HTML
9 450 (13.72%) SOAP
10 439 (13.39%) CSS
11 376 (11.47%) JSON
12 370 (11.28%) Spring MVC
13 369 (11.25%) Node.js
14 364 (11.10%) JMS
15 341 (10.40%) XML
16 336 (10.25%) Kafka
17 282 (8.60%) HTML5
18 273 (8.33%) Apache Camel
19 257 (7.84%) Java EE
20 251 (7.65%) React
Miscellaneous
1 283 (8.63%) Greenfield Project
2 121 (3.69%) Enterprise Software
3 107 (3.26%) Analytical Skills
4 102 (3.11%) User Experience
5 92 (2.81%) Computer Science
6 74 (2.26%) Linux Command Line
7 71 (2.17%) Fintech
8 70 (2.13%) Virtual Team
9 56 (1.71%) Mobile App
10 54 (1.65%) Derivative
11 51 (1.56%) Data Structures
12 42 (1.28%) Fixed Income
13 37 (1.13%) Self-Motivation
14 32 (0.98%) Algorithms
14 32 (0.98%) iPad
15 30 (0.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 28 (0.85%) Equities
17 23 (0.70%) Wiki
18 22 (0.67%) Equity Derivative
19 17 (0.52%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 537 (16.38%) Linux
2 410 (12.50%) Unix
3 49 (1.49%) Windows
4 43 (1.31%) Android
5 41 (1.25%) Apple iOS
6 38 (1.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 31 (0.95%) CentOS
8 24 (0.73%) Ubuntu
9 20 (0.61%) Mac OS X
10 16 (0.49%) Solaris
11 15 (0.46%) HPUX
12 6 (0.18%) Mac OS
13 4 (0.12%) Debian
14 3 (0.091%) Oracle Linux
14 3 (0.091%) VMS
14 3 (0.091%) Windows Server
15 2 (0.061%) DC/OS
15 2 (0.061%) Windows 2000
15 2 (0.061%) Windows Vista
15 2 (0.061%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,056 (62.70%) Agile Software Development
2 1,355 (41.32%) TDD
3 1,159 (35.35%) Microservices
4 763 (23.27%) BDD
5 742 (22.63%) Scrum
6 623 (19.00%) Continuous Integration
7 527 (16.07%) MVC
8 520 (15.86%) Test Automation
9 478 (14.58%) OO
10 462 (14.09%) DevOps
11 406 (12.38%) Software Engineering
12 328 (10.00%) Open Source
13 295 (9.00%) Kanban
14 287 (8.75%) E-Commerce
15 260 (7.93%) Unit Testing
16 240 (7.32%) SOA
17 231 (7.04%) Pair Programming
18 195 (5.95%) SDLC
19 190 (5.79%) Problem-Solving
20 165 (5.03%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 3,161 (96.40%) Java
2 1,179 (35.96%) Java 8
3 949 (28.94%) JavaScript
4 662 (20.19%) SQL
5 282 (8.60%) Scala
6 177 (5.40%) Groovy
7 165 (5.03%) Python
8 125 (3.81%) Ruby
9 118 (3.60%) Shell Script
10 91 (2.78%) Bash Shell
11 66 (2.01%) PL/SQL
12 58 (1.77%) ES6
12 58 (1.77%) TypeScript
13 54 (1.65%) Kotlin
14 50 (1.52%) Perl
15 47 (1.43%) XPath
16 46 (1.40%) C#
17 45 (1.37%) C++
18 40 (1.22%) Java 9
19 35 (1.07%) PHP
Qualifications
1 228 (6.95%) Security Cleared
2 204 (6.22%) Degree
3 148 (4.51%) SC Cleared
4 61 (1.86%) Computer Science Degree
5 41 (1.25%) DV Cleared
6 35 (1.07%) BPSS Clearance
7 34 (1.04%) Master's Degree
8 7 (0.21%) BC Cleared
9 5 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.15%) OCPJP
9 5 (0.15%) Oracle Certification
9 5 (0.15%) Sun Certification
9 5 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
10 3 (0.091%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.091%) OCP
10 3 (0.091%) PhD
11 2 (0.061%) HND
11 2 (0.061%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.061%) OCA
12 1 (0.030%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 148 (4.51%) QA
2 12 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
2 12 (0.37%) MiFID
3 10 (0.30%) Dodd-Frank
3 10 (0.30%) EMIR
4 9 (0.27%) PMO
5 7 (0.21%) GCP
5 7 (0.21%) GDPR
6 6 (0.18%) SEPA
7 5 (0.15%) PSD2
7 5 (0.15%) SLA
8 3 (0.091%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.061%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.061%) WAI
10 1 (0.030%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 542 (16.53%) Docker
2 95 (2.90%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 62 (1.89%) HDFS
4 34 (1.04%) VMware Infrastructure
5 27 (0.82%) Active Directory
6 25 (0.76%) vSphere
7 10 (0.30%) OpenAM
8 6 (0.18%) OpenIDM
8 6 (0.18%) VMware Server
9 3 (0.091%) etcd
9 3 (0.091%) LXC
9 3 (0.091%) QEMU
10 2 (0.061%) Platform Symphony
10 2 (0.061%) Squid
11 1 (0.030%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.030%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.030%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 162 (4.94%) Ansible
2 158 (4.82%) Puppet
3 142 (4.33%) Kubernetes
4 115 (3.51%) Opscode Chef
5 100 (3.05%) Terraform
6 78 (2.38%) Hadoop YARN
7 47 (1.43%) Grafana
8 36 (1.10%) Docker Swarm
9 33 (1.01%) Kibana
9 33 (1.01%) Single Sign-On
10 26 (0.79%) Consul
11 25 (0.76%) logstash
12 18 (0.55%) Prometheus
13 14 (0.43%) Graylog
14 10 (0.30%) Cobbler
15 9 (0.27%) Business Desktop Deployment
15 9 (0.27%) Mesos
16 8 (0.24%) Control-M
16 8 (0.24%) Marathon
17 7 (0.21%) Rancher
Vendors
1 443 (13.51%) Oracle
2 104 (3.17%) IBM
3 84 (2.56%) Google
4 75 (2.29%) Splunk
5 73 (2.23%) MuleSoft
6 69 (2.10%) Red Hat
7 62 (1.89%) hybris
8 53 (1.62%) AppDynamics
9 48 (1.46%) Adobe
10 45 (1.37%) Microsoft
11 36 (1.10%) SAP
11 36 (1.10%) Sybase
12 34 (1.04%) VMware
13 33 (1.01%) Atlassian
14 32 (0.98%) TIBCO
15 29 (0.88%) Hortonworks
15 29 (0.88%) Perforce
16 19 (0.58%) ATG
17 15 (0.46%) New Relic
18 14 (0.43%) webMethods