Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 64 73 85
Rank change year-on-year +9 +12 -25
Contract jobs citing Spring 2,172 879 2,285
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.42% 3.34% 2.79%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.52% 10.39% 8.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,491 632 1,601
10th Percentile £415 £400 £406
25th Percentile £475 £450 £443
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £519 £515
Median % change year-on-year +6.02% +0.73% +3.00%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £588
90th Percentile £725 £688 £660
UK median daily rate £540 £505 £500
% change year-on-year +6.93% +1.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 1 6
10th Percentile £52.80 " £50.00
25th Percentile £61.75 " £50.63
Median hourly rate £67.50 £55.00 £57.50
Median % change year-on-year +22.73% -4.35% +31.43%
75th Percentile £71.50 " £60.00
90th Percentile £73.28 " "
UK median hourly rate £65.77 £55.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +19.58% - +22.22%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,851 8,460 25,847
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.68% 32.12% 31.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,711 6,038 18,337
10th Percentile £363 £325 £342
25th Percentile £425 £413 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £598 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £495
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 193 70 225
10th Percentile £18.52 £21.20 £17.45
25th Percentile £31.25 £30.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate £49.00 £45.00 £45.50
Median % change year-on-year +8.89% -1.10% +8.84%
75th Percentile £63.00 £54.52 £53.75
90th Percentile £71.50 £63.23 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £44.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year +9.50% -0.56% +8.36%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 1,483 £593 +10.23% 308
North of England -10 190 £500 +8.70% 87
South East -21 120 £492 +3.58% 63
North West -3 93 £475 +5.56% 50
South West -6 88 £488 -2.50% 32
East of England -31 84 £528 +2.93% 32
Midlands -24 72 £470 +34.09% 48
West Midlands -12 62 £470 +33.90% 36
North East +11 50 £550 +10.00% 11
Yorkshire -46 47 £500 +11.11% 26
East Midlands -38 8 £405 +28.57% 12
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,074 (95.49%) Java
2 1,235 (56.86%) Spring Boot
3 1,176 (54.14%) Agile Software Development
4 1,061 (48.85%) Microservices
5 669 (30.80%) TDD
6 622 (28.64%) Java 8
7 610 (28.08%) Jenkins
8 585 (26.93%) Git (software)
9 572 (26.34%) Docker
9 572 (26.34%) SQL
10 560 (25.78%) AWS
11 517 (23.80%) Finance
12 507 (23.34%) REST
13 495 (22.79%) Maven
14 488 (22.47%) Kubernetes
15 460 (21.18%) DevOps
15 460 (21.18%) JavaScript
16 447 (20.58%) Banking
17 430 (19.80%) Scrum
18 398 (18.32%) Oracle
19 376 (17.31%) BDD
20 370 (17.03%) RESTful
21 344 (15.84%) Software Engineering
22 343 (15.79%) Social Skills
23 332 (15.29%) Linux
24 329 (15.15%) Test Automation
25 326 (15.01%) Hibernate
26 316 (14.55%) React
27 299 (13.77%) Kafka
28 296 (13.63%) JIRA

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 179 (8.24%) Confluence
2 111 (5.11%) Tomcat
3 94 (4.33%) Mule
4 70 (3.22%) Apache Spark
5 65 (2.99%) JBoss
6 58 (2.67%) Elasticsearch
7 57 (2.62%) Apache
8 54 (2.49%) WebLogic
9 47 (2.16%) Cloud Foundry
10 34 (1.57%) Red Hat Fuse
11 29 (1.34%) WebSphere
12 21 (0.97%) nginx
13 19 (0.87%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 17 (0.78%) OpenStack
15 16 (0.74%) CMS
15 16 (0.74%) Jetty
16 14 (0.64%) GemFire
17 13 (0.60%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 10 (0.46%) Apache Airflow
18 10 (0.46%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 5 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.092%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.046%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 22 (1.01%) SAP Hybris
2 7 (0.32%) Magento
3 4 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 3 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
4 3 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.14%) SAP CRM
5 2 (0.092%) ION MarketView
5 2 (0.092%) R3 Corda
6 1 (0.046%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.046%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.046%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.046%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.046%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 560 (25.78%) AWS
2 254 (11.69%) Azure
3 216 (9.94%) GCP
4 144 (6.63%) GitHub
5 107 (4.93%) Serverless
6 72 (3.31%) OpenShift
7 59 (2.72%) AWS Lambda
8 45 (2.07%) Amazon S3
9 43 (1.98%) Amazon EC2
10 42 (1.93%) PaaS
11 39 (1.80%) Amazon SQS
12 34 (1.57%) SaaS
13 29 (1.34%) IaaS
14 28 (1.29%) Amazon ECS
14 28 (1.29%) Apigee
15 26 (1.20%) AWS CloudFormation
16 24 (1.10%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 23 (1.06%) Kong
18 20 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
18 20 (0.92%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 38 (1.75%) HTTP
2 31 (1.43%) SSL
3 29 (1.34%) TCP/IP
4 14 (0.64%) LAN
5 8 (0.37%) Internet
6 5 (0.23%) Intranet
7 4 (0.18%) AMQP
7 4 (0.18%) Firewall
7 4 (0.18%) VPN
8 3 (0.14%) Broadband
8 3 (0.14%) DNS
8 3 (0.14%) HTTPS
8 3 (0.14%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.092%) DSL
9 2 (0.092%) OpenLDAP
9 2 (0.092%) RTMP
10 1 (0.046%) NAS
10 1 (0.046%) Network Security
10 1 (0.046%) SSH
10 1 (0.046%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 258 (11.88%) Relational Database
2 238 (10.96%) PostgreSQL
3 234 (10.77%) NoSQL
4 198 (9.12%) MongoDB
5 158 (7.27%) MySQL
6 141 (6.49%) SQL Server
7 109 (5.02%) Redis
8 96 (4.42%) Oracle Database
9 74 (3.41%) Hazelcast
10 72 (3.31%) RDBMS
11 67 (3.08%) Apache Cassandra
12 58 (2.67%) Hadoop
13 54 (2.49%) Big Data
14 45 (2.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 30 (1.38%) Amazon RDS
15 30 (1.38%) BusinessObjects
16 24 (1.10%) BigQuery
16 24 (1.10%) Data Warehouse
17 23 (1.06%) Apache Hive
18 19 (0.87%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 610 (28.08%) Jenkins
2 585 (26.93%) Git (software)
3 495 (22.79%) Maven
4 296 (13.63%) JIRA
5 266 (12.25%) JUnit
6 208 (9.58%) Cucumber
7 122 (5.62%) Mockito
8 102 (4.70%) GitLab
9 91 (4.19%) Subversion
10 90 (4.14%) Gradle
10 90 (4.14%) Selenium
11 74 (3.41%) Sonatype Nexus
12 70 (3.22%) IntelliJ
13 69 (3.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 62 (2.85%) Bitbucket
15 56 (2.58%) SonarQube
15 56 (2.58%) TeamCity
16 43 (1.98%) Artifactory
16 43 (1.98%) Postman
17 35 (1.61%) Eclipse
General
1 517 (23.80%) Finance
2 447 (20.58%) Banking
3 343 (15.79%) Social Skills
4 215 (9.90%) Investment Banking
5 125 (5.76%) Front Office
6 87 (4.01%) Public Sector
7 84 (3.87%) Analytical Skills
8 75 (3.45%) Retail
9 39 (1.80%) Manufacturing
10 32 (1.47%) Financial Institution
11 30 (1.38%) Documentation Skills
12 28 (1.29%) Marketing
13 27 (1.24%) Games
13 27 (1.24%) Retail Banking
14 18 (0.83%) Electronics
14 18 (0.83%) Presentation Skills
15 14 (0.64%) Telecoms
16 13 (0.60%) Automotive
16 13 (0.60%) Back Office
17 9 (0.41%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,579 (72.70%) Developer
2 1,246 (57.37%) Java Developer
3 272 (12.52%) Senior Developer
4 247 (11.37%) Senior Java Developer
5 153 (7.04%) Full Stack Developer
6 141 (6.49%) Java Engineer
7 120 (5.52%) Architect
8 88 (4.05%) Software Engineer
9 68 (3.13%) Integration Developer
10 62 (2.85%) Agile Developer
11 58 (2.67%) Agile Java Developer
12 56 (2.58%) AWS Developer
13 54 (2.49%) DevOps Engineer
14 45 (2.07%) Backend Developer
15 44 (2.03%) Consultant
15 44 (2.03%) Java Software Engineer
16 41 (1.89%) Solutions Architect
17 36 (1.66%) Java Consultant
17 36 (1.66%) Senior Consultant
17 36 (1.66%) Senior Java Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,235 (56.86%) Spring Boot
2 507 (23.34%) REST
3 370 (17.03%) RESTful
4 326 (15.01%) Hibernate
5 316 (14.55%) React
6 299 (13.77%) Kafka
7 273 (12.57%) AngularJS
7 273 (12.57%) Web Services
8 245 (11.28%) HTML
9 213 (9.81%) Node.js
10 206 (9.48%) CSS
11 191 (8.79%) J2EE
11 191 (8.79%) JSON
12 159 (7.32%) Apache Camel
13 149 (6.86%) XML
14 136 (6.26%) JPA
15 123 (5.66%) Middleware
16 112 (5.16%) SOAP
17 106 (4.88%) JMS
17 106 (4.88%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 77 (3.55%) Greenfield Project
2 73 (3.36%) User Experience
3 72 (3.31%) Data Protection Act
4 71 (3.27%) Data Structures
4 71 (3.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 67 (3.08%) Algorithms
6 57 (2.62%) Fixed Income
7 55 (2.53%) Derivative
8 48 (2.21%) Cloud Native
9 43 (1.98%) Enterprise Software
10 39 (1.80%) Virtual Team
11 35 (1.61%) Public Cloud
12 34 (1.57%) Hybrid Cloud
12 34 (1.57%) Mobile App
13 27 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
14 25 (1.15%) Client/Server
15 22 (1.01%) Management Information System
16 21 (0.97%) Legacy Systems
17 17 (0.78%) Reference Data
18 16 (0.74%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 332 (15.29%) Linux
2 230 (10.59%) Unix
3 64 (2.95%) Windows
4 31 (1.43%) Android
5 18 (0.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (0.41%) Debian
7 8 (0.37%) VMS
8 6 (0.28%) Apple iOS
8 6 (0.28%) CentOS
9 4 (0.18%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.14%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.092%) Solaris
12 1 (0.046%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.046%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,176 (54.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1,061 (48.85%) Microservices
3 669 (30.80%) TDD
4 460 (21.18%) DevOps
5 430 (19.80%) Scrum
6 376 (17.31%) BDD
7 344 (15.84%) Software Engineering
8 329 (15.15%) Test Automation
9 285 (13.12%) Full Stack Development
10 210 (9.67%) Continuous Integration
11 180 (8.29%) OO
12 178 (8.20%) Multithreading
13 171 (7.87%) Pair Programming
14 166 (7.64%) Problem-Solving
15 162 (7.46%) Kanban
16 140 (6.45%) Open Source
17 139 (6.40%) Unit Testing
18 136 (6.26%) MVC
19 133 (6.12%) SDLC
20 110 (5.06%) API Development
Programming Languages
1 2,074 (95.49%) Java
2 622 (28.64%) Java 8
3 572 (26.34%) SQL
4 460 (21.18%) JavaScript
5 222 (10.22%) Java 11
6 191 (8.79%) Python
7 134 (6.17%) Kotlin
8 129 (5.94%) Scala
9 124 (5.71%) PL/SQL
10 107 (4.93%) TypeScript
11 73 (3.36%) Shell Script
12 57 (2.62%) Groovy
13 38 (1.75%) C#
14 32 (1.47%) T-SQL
15 30 (1.38%) C
15 30 (1.38%) ES6
16 29 (1.34%) Haskell
17 28 (1.29%) C++
18 24 (1.10%) Bash Shell
19 22 (1.01%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 191 (8.79%) Security Cleared
2 140 (6.45%) SC Cleared
3 70 (3.22%) Degree
4 33 (1.52%) Sun Certification
5 30 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
6 29 (1.34%) OCPJP
7 15 (0.69%) Master's Degree
8 12 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
8 12 (0.55%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.32%) ISTQB
10 6 (0.28%) DBS Check
11 5 (0.23%) AWS Certification
11 5 (0.23%) ISEB
12 2 (0.092%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 1 (0.046%) CTC Cleared
13 1 (0.046%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (3.78%) QA
2 26 (1.20%) Accessibility
3 12 (0.55%) GDPR
4 3 (0.14%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.14%) PMO
5 2 (0.092%) Basel II
5 2 (0.092%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.046%) ISO 15022
6 1 (0.046%) MiFID
6 1 (0.046%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.046%) PSD2
6 1 (0.046%) SLA
6 1 (0.046%) WCAG
System Software
1 572 (26.34%) Docker
2 12 (0.55%) HDFS
2 12 (0.55%) OpenAM
3 10 (0.46%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.28%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.14%) Postfix
6 3 (0.14%) vSphere
7 2 (0.092%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.046%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.046%) NFS
8 1 (0.046%) OpenDJ
8 1 (0.046%) OpenIDM
8 1 (0.046%) Platform Symphony
8 1 (0.046%) RACF
8 1 (0.046%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 488 (22.47%) Kubernetes
2 161 (7.41%) Terraform
3 141 (6.49%) Ansible
4 47 (2.16%) Grafana
4 47 (2.16%) Kibana
5 32 (1.47%) Prometheus
6 28 (1.29%) Puppet
7 25 (1.15%) Opscode Chef
8 23 (1.06%) Rancher
9 19 (0.87%) logstash
10 17 (0.78%) Oozie
11 15 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
12 9 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
13 7 (0.32%) Graphite
14 6 (0.28%) CloudHub
14 6 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
14 6 (0.28%) HP Fortify
15 4 (0.18%) Istio
16 3 (0.14%) Packer
16 3 (0.14%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 398 (18.32%) Oracle
2 111 (5.11%) Google
3 57 (2.62%) Microsoft
4 53 (2.44%) IBM
5 51 (2.35%) Atlassian
6 50 (2.30%) MuleSoft
7 44 (2.03%) Splunk
8 42 (1.93%) WSO2
9 41 (1.89%) Informatica
9 41 (1.89%) SAP
10 37 (1.70%) hybris
11 36 (1.66%) webMethods
12 32 (1.47%) Red Hat
13 31 (1.43%) BEA
13 31 (1.43%) Sun
13 31 (1.43%) Sybase
14 22 (1.01%) AppDynamics
14 22 (1.01%) Dynatrace
14 22 (1.01%) Solace
15 21 (0.97%) CA Agile Central