Period
to 16 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 59 58 82
Rank change year-on-year -1 +24 +16
Contract jobs citing Spring 3,873 3,476 2,759
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.06% 3.68% 2.89%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.58% 11.30% 9.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,778 2,475 2,027
England median daily rate £513 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.89% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £381 £350 £325
90th Percentile £638 £625 £589
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +0.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 9 7
England median hourly rate £36.23 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.50% +5.88% +0.59%
10th Percentile £32.48 £37.00 £29.20
90th Percentile £49.50 £53.75 £52.00
UK median hourly rate £35.61 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -20.86% +5.88% -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,451 30,757 29,874
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.10% 32.57% 31.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,896 21,930 20,767
England median daily rate £480 £470 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.13% +10.59% +2.41%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 282 353 335
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.03 £18.00 £15.00
90th Percentile £58.68 £52.50 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 2,142 £550 +4.76% 436
South East +5 703 £500 +5.26% 147
North of England -18 422 £440 +6.67% 135
Midlands +33 306 £450 +7.14% 95
North West -5 235 £450 +12.50% 65
West Midlands +45 210 £450 +20.00% 51
East of England -7 184 £475 +9.83% 36
Yorkshire -30 155 £450 +5.88% 58
South West -44 113 £425 +5.59% 55
East Midlands +7 92 £409 -7.94% 43
North East -6 33 £413 -1.49% 12
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 3,754 (96.93%) Java
2 2,407 (62.15%) Agile Software Development
3 1,851 (47.79%) Spring Boot
4 1,608 (41.52%) Microservices
5 1,598 (41.26%) TDD
6 1,567 (40.46%) Java 8
7 1,100 (28.40%) Hibernate
8 1,098 (28.35%) JavaScript
9 1,075 (27.76%) REST
10 1,050 (27.11%) Git (software)
11 1,043 (26.93%) Docker
12 997 (25.74%) Jenkins
13 956 (24.68%) BDD
14 950 (24.53%) Maven
15 912 (23.55%) RESTful
16 833 (21.51%) Amazon AWS
17 805 (20.78%) Web Services
18 768 (19.83%) DevOps
19 763 (19.70%) SQL
20 750 (19.36%) Scrum
21 725 (18.72%) Continuous Integration
22 684 (17.66%) Finance
23 682 (17.61%) HTML
24 681 (17.58%) JUnit
25 680 (17.56%) AngularJS
26 574 (14.82%) NoSQL
27 573 (14.79%) Test Automation
28 562 (14.51%) Linux
29 543 (14.02%) MVC
30 538 (13.89%) CSS

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 261 (6.74%) Tomcat
2 240 (6.20%) Apache
3 232 (5.99%) Confluence
3 232 (5.99%) Elasticsearch
4 204 (5.27%) JBoss
5 142 (3.67%) Apache Spark
6 136 (3.51%) WebSphere
7 124 (3.20%) WebLogic
8 101 (2.61%) Mule
9 89 (2.30%) Cloud Foundry
10 83 (2.14%) Jetty
11 71 (1.83%) MQSeries
12 64 (1.65%) Apache Solr
13 52 (1.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 50 (1.29%) nginx
15 42 (1.08%) CMS
16 29 (0.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 23 (0.59%) Mule ESB
18 22 (0.57%) Anypoint
19 20 (0.52%) GlassFish
Applications
1 12 (0.31%) MS Visio
2 6 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.052%) AutoCAD
4 2 (0.052%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.052%) Windchill
5 1 (0.026%) InVision
5 1 (0.026%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 42 (1.08%) SAP Hybris
2 14 (0.36%) ION MarketView
3 8 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.15%) Remedy AR System
4 6 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
4 6 (0.15%) SAP ERP
5 4 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
5 4 (0.10%) Global One
5 4 (0.10%) Loan IQ
5 4 (0.10%) Workday HCM
6 3 (0.077%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.052%) BusinessWorks
7 2 (0.052%) Infor SunSystems
7 2 (0.052%) Kondor
7 2 (0.052%) Oracle Financials
7 2 (0.052%) Oracle Retail
7 2 (0.052%) PeopleSoft Financials
7 2 (0.052%) R3 Corda
8 1 (0.026%) Oracle General Ledger
8 1 (0.026%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 833 (21.51%) Amazon AWS
2 207 (5.34%) Microsoft Azure
3 156 (4.03%) GitHub
4 95 (2.45%) Google Cloud Platform
5 89 (2.30%) Amazon EC2
6 57 (1.47%) PaaS
7 52 (1.34%) Serverless
8 50 (1.29%) OpenShift
9 49 (1.27%) SaaS
10 45 (1.16%) AWS Lambda
11 40 (1.03%) Amazon SQS
12 35 (0.90%) Amazon S3
13 32 (0.83%) Google Analytics
14 31 (0.80%) Heroku
15 30 (0.77%) Apigee
15 30 (0.77%) npm
16 24 (0.62%) IaaS
17 22 (0.57%) Cloud Computing
18 20 (0.52%) AWS CloudFormation
19 18 (0.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 215 (5.55%) HTTP
2 98 (2.53%) TCP/IP
3 93 (2.40%) SSL
4 40 (1.03%) FTP
5 32 (0.83%) DNS
6 27 (0.70%) Internet
7 26 (0.67%) Kerberos
8 18 (0.46%) Firewall
9 11 (0.28%) Reverse Proxy
10 10 (0.26%) AMQP
10 10 (0.26%) VPN
11 9 (0.23%) DSL
12 8 (0.21%) MPLS
13 7 (0.18%) SMS
14 6 (0.15%) SNMP
15 5 (0.13%) Ethernet
15 5 (0.13%) HTTPS
16 4 (0.10%) DOCSIS
16 4 (0.10%) DVB
16 4 (0.10%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 574 (14.82%) NoSQL
2 526 (13.58%) MongoDB
3 435 (11.23%) Relational Database
4 306 (7.90%) MySQL
5 302 (7.80%) PostgreSQL
6 257 (6.64%) Apache Cassandra
7 254 (6.56%) SQL Server
8 224 (5.78%) Hadoop
9 189 (4.88%) Big Data
10 156 (4.03%) RDBMS
11 114 (2.94%) Oracle Database
12 105 (2.71%) Redis
13 78 (2.01%) Couchbase
14 68 (1.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 64 (1.65%) HBase
16 32 (0.83%) Hazelcast
16 32 (0.83%) Oracle Database 11g
17 30 (0.77%) Parquet
17 30 (0.77%) Riak
18 28 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,050 (27.11%) Git (software)
2 997 (25.74%) Jenkins
3 950 (24.53%) Maven
4 681 (17.58%) JUnit
5 403 (10.41%) JIRA
6 297 (7.67%) Gradle
7 269 (6.95%) Cucumber
8 267 (6.89%) Subversion
9 251 (6.48%) Mockito
10 205 (5.29%) Selenium
11 192 (4.96%) Eclipse
12 181 (4.67%) IntelliJ
13 118 (3.05%) SonarQube
14 107 (2.76%) Hudson
15 101 (2.61%) Ant
16 80 (2.07%) jMock
17 77 (1.99%) Bitbucket
18 75 (1.94%) gulp
19 74 (1.91%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 72 (1.86%) SoapUI
General
1 684 (17.66%) Finance
2 492 (12.70%) Banking
3 157 (4.05%) Investment Banking
4 133 (3.43%) Retail
5 130 (3.36%) Front Office
6 90 (2.32%) Games
7 34 (0.88%) Back Office
8 32 (0.83%) Telecoms
9 30 (0.77%) Advertising
10 28 (0.72%) Financial Institution
11 25 (0.65%) Marketing
12 20 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
13 15 (0.39%) Law
14 12 (0.31%) Manufacturing
15 11 (0.28%) Legal
16 10 (0.26%) Publishing
16 10 (0.26%) Retail Banking
17 8 (0.21%) Automotive
17 8 (0.21%) Wholesale Banking
18 7 (0.18%) Billing
Job Titles
1 3,234 (83.50%) Developer
2 2,750 (71.00%) Java Developer
3 436 (11.26%) Senior Developer
4 396 (10.22%) Senior Java Developer
5 296 (7.64%) Full Stack Developer
6 222 (5.73%) Agile Developer
7 209 (5.40%) Java Engineer
8 197 (5.09%) AWS Developer
9 190 (4.91%) Architect
10 165 (4.26%) Agile Java Developer
11 161 (4.16%) Lead Developer
12 143 (3.69%) Lead Java Developer
13 141 (3.64%) Software Engineer
14 137 (3.54%) Angular Developer
15 123 (3.18%) Scala Developer
16 101 (2.61%) Backend Developer
17 97 (2.50%) Java Software Engineer
18 77 (1.99%) React Developer
19 73 (1.88%) Java Architect
19 73 (1.88%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,851 (47.79%) Spring Boot
2 1,100 (28.40%) Hibernate
3 1,075 (27.76%) REST
4 912 (23.55%) RESTful
5 805 (20.78%) Web Services
6 682 (17.61%) HTML
7 680 (17.56%) AngularJS
8 538 (13.89%) CSS
9 507 (13.09%) J2EE
10 456 (11.77%) Kafka
11 423 (10.92%) JSON
12 401 (10.35%) Node.js
13 373 (9.63%) Spring MVC
14 371 (9.58%) SOAP
15 369 (9.53%) React
16 352 (9.09%) JMS
17 345 (8.91%) HTML5
18 303 (7.82%) Apache Camel
19 279 (7.20%) XML
20 220 (5.68%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 498 (12.86%) Greenfield Project
2 132 (3.41%) Fintech
3 107 (2.76%) User Experience
4 87 (2.25%) Fixed Income
5 86 (2.22%) Analytical Skills
6 78 (2.01%) Mobile App
7 75 (1.94%) Algorithms
8 66 (1.70%) Enterprise Software
9 50 (1.29%) Data Structures
10 49 (1.27%) Derivative
11 46 (1.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 41 (1.06%) Virtual Team
13 37 (0.96%) iPad
14 36 (0.93%) Equities
15 35 (0.90%) Cloud Native
16 32 (0.83%) Linux Command Line
17 27 (0.70%) Self-Motivation
18 24 (0.62%) NHS
19 18 (0.46%) Hedge funds
19 18 (0.46%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 562 (14.51%) Linux
2 369 (9.53%) Unix
3 82 (2.12%) Windows
4 40 (1.03%) Android
5 37 (0.96%) Ubuntu
6 33 (0.85%) Apple iOS
7 17 (0.44%) Solaris
8 15 (0.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 14 (0.36%) CentOS
10 12 (0.31%) VMS
11 7 (0.18%) Windows Server
12 4 (0.10%) Mac OS X
13 3 (0.077%) AIX
13 3 (0.077%) HPUX
14 2 (0.052%) Debian
15 1 (0.026%) OpenVMS
15 1 (0.026%) Windows 7
15 1 (0.026%) Windows 8
15 1 (0.026%) Windows Server 2003
15 1 (0.026%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,407 (62.15%) Agile Software Development
2 1,608 (41.52%) Microservices
3 1,598 (41.26%) TDD
4 956 (24.68%) BDD
5 768 (19.83%) DevOps
6 750 (19.36%) Scrum
7 725 (18.72%) Continuous Integration
8 573 (14.79%) Test Automation
9 543 (14.02%) MVC
10 441 (11.39%) Software Engineering
11 427 (11.03%) Open Source
12 362 (9.35%) Kanban
13 320 (8.26%) OO
14 289 (7.46%) Pair Programming
15 258 (6.66%) E-Commerce
15 258 (6.66%) SOA
16 248 (6.40%) Unit Testing
17 237 (6.12%) Problem-Solving
18 233 (6.02%) Multithreading
19 210 (5.42%) Digital Transformation Programme
Programming Languages
1 3,754 (96.93%) Java
2 1,567 (40.46%) Java 8
3 1,098 (28.35%) JavaScript
4 763 (19.70%) SQL
5 335 (8.65%) Scala
6 206 (5.32%) Python
7 146 (3.77%) PL/SQL
8 140 (3.61%) Ruby
9 101 (2.61%) C#
10 97 (2.50%) Groovy
11 92 (2.38%) ES6
11 92 (2.38%) Java 9
12 91 (2.35%) Shell Script
13 67 (1.73%) Kotlin
14 64 (1.65%) TypeScript
15 60 (1.55%) Perl
16 47 (1.21%) PHP
17 38 (0.98%) T-SQL
18 34 (0.88%) Bash Shell
18 34 (0.88%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 213 (5.50%) Security Cleared
2 178 (4.60%) Degree
3 149 (3.85%) SC Cleared
4 81 (2.09%) BPSS Clearance
5 79 (2.04%) Computer Science Degree
6 20 (0.52%) Master's Degree
7 16 (0.41%) Sun Certification
8 11 (0.28%) DV Cleared
9 9 (0.23%) ISTQB
10 8 (0.21%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 6 (0.15%) DBS Check
11 6 (0.15%) OCPJP
12 5 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
13 4 (0.10%) BC Cleared
13 4 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
14 3 (0.077%) CFA
14 3 (0.077%) HND
14 3 (0.077%) PMI Certification
15 2 (0.052%) AWS Certification
15 2 (0.052%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 114 (2.94%) QA
2 14 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
3 13 (0.34%) PMO
4 7 (0.18%) GDPR
4 7 (0.18%) PSD2
5 4 (0.10%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.10%) HL7
6 3 (0.077%) Dodd-Frank
6 3 (0.077%) EMIR
6 3 (0.077%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.077%) MiFID
7 2 (0.052%) SLA
8 1 (0.026%) IFRS
8 1 (0.026%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.026%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.026%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 1,043 (26.93%) Docker
2 62 (1.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 51 (1.32%) HDFS
4 50 (1.29%) vSphere
5 47 (1.21%) VMware Infrastructure
6 14 (0.36%) OpenAM
7 13 (0.34%) Active Directory
8 11 (0.28%) OpenDJ
9 4 (0.10%) Firmware
9 4 (0.10%) LXC
9 4 (0.10%) vCloud
10 2 (0.052%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.026%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.026%) NFS
11 1 (0.026%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (0.026%) Platform Symphony
11 1 (0.026%) Shibboleth
11 1 (0.026%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 1 (0.026%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.026%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 410 (10.59%) Kubernetes
2 271 (7.00%) Ansible
3 215 (5.55%) Puppet
4 142 (3.67%) Opscode Chef
5 138 (3.56%) Terraform
6 80 (2.07%) Kibana
7 63 (1.63%) Cobbler
8 53 (1.37%) Hadoop YARN
9 52 (1.34%) Grafana
10 42 (1.08%) logstash
11 36 (0.93%) Docker Swarm
12 35 (0.90%) Mesos
13 30 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
14 29 (0.75%) Marathon
15 21 (0.54%) Prometheus
16 14 (0.36%) CloudHub
16 14 (0.36%) Consul
17 12 (0.31%) Packer
17 12 (0.31%) Rancher
18 10 (0.26%) linkerd
Vendors
1 479 (12.37%) Oracle
2 226 (5.84%) Google
3 111 (2.87%) IBM
4 78 (2.01%) MuleSoft
5 71 (1.83%) Microsoft
6 69 (1.78%) Sybase
7 65 (1.68%) hybris
8 62 (1.60%) SAP
9 60 (1.55%) VMware
10 56 (1.45%) Adobe
11 49 (1.27%) Red Hat
12 48 (1.24%) Splunk
13 41 (1.06%) webMethods
13 41 (1.06%) WSO2
14 36 (0.93%) Atlassian
15 33 (0.85%) AppDynamics
16 26 (0.67%) TIBCO
17 20 (0.52%) Bloomberg
18 19 (0.49%) Salesforce.com
19 18 (0.46%) Dynatrace