Period
to 20 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 20 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Software Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
20 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 63 74 87
Rank change year-on-year +11 +13 +18
Contract jobs citing Spring 3,222 2,657 2,398
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 3.46% 3.01% 2.44%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.71% 9.46% 8.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,354 1,895 1,768
England median daily rate £481 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.94% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £625 £614 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 9 23
England median hourly rate £45.00 £55.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.18% +15.79% +16.56%
10th Percentile £36.14 £34.25 £40.00
90th Percentile £46.25 £57.50 £57.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £55.00 £51.25
% change year-on-year -18.18% +7.32% +25.77%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30,097 28,080 28,793
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.28% 31.79% 29.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,650 19,543 20,132
England median daily rate £475 £433 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.70% +1.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £630 £600 £591
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +8.82% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 332 318 505
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.90% +10.00%
10th Percentile £18.53 £15.75 £16.10
90th Percentile £54.75 £51.33 £56.81
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +10.00%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 20 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +9 1,717 £525 +5.00% 408
South East +34 631 £480 +6.67% 155
North of England +8 434 £425 +3.03% 151
Yorkshire +8 267 £425 -1.16% 54
East of England +2 167 £430 +1.18% 56
Midlands +18 160 £400 -2.44% 55
North West -10 151 £400 - 89
South West -21 123 £428 +14.00% 53
West Midlands +18 93 £375 -14.29% 30
East Midlands 0 66 £425 +6.25% 24
North East +11 19 £425 +10.39% 8
South Coast - 1 - -
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 20 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 3,163 (98.17%) Java
2 1,998 (62.01%) Agile Software Development
3 1,285 (39.88%) TDD
4 1,096 (34.02%) Spring Boot
5 1,058 (32.84%) Hibernate
6 980 (30.42%) Microservices
7 964 (29.92%) JavaScript
8 931 (28.90%) REST
9 888 (27.56%) Web Services
10 886 (27.50%) Git (software)
11 853 (26.47%) Maven
12 835 (25.92%) Jenkins
13 778 (24.15%) SQL
14 753 (23.37%) BDD
15 731 (22.69%) Scrum
16 693 (21.51%) RESTful
17 655 (20.33%) Continuous Integration
18 637 (19.77%) JUnit
19 632 (19.62%) J2EE
20 617 (19.15%) HTML
20 617 (19.15%) Finance
21 594 (18.44%) AngularJS
22 574 (17.82%) MVC
23 517 (16.05%) Oracle
24 507 (15.74%) Linux
25 497 (15.43%) Docker
26 490 (15.21%) Test Automation
27 474 (14.71%) CSS
28 466 (14.46%) Amazon AWS
29 465 (14.43%) NoSQL

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 294 (9.12%) Tomcat
2 257 (7.98%) Apache
2 257 (7.98%) JBoss
3 205 (6.36%) Confluence
4 188 (5.83%) Elasticsearch
5 132 (4.10%) WebLogic
5 132 (4.10%) WebSphere
6 120 (3.72%) Apache Spark
7 109 (3.38%) Cloud Foundry
8 100 (3.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 95 (2.95%) Apache Solr
10 69 (2.14%) Mule
11 68 (2.11%) Jetty
12 46 (1.43%) WebSphere Application Server
13 38 (1.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 37 (1.15%) CMS
15 30 (0.93%) MQSeries
15 30 (0.93%) Mule ESB
16 24 (0.74%) Apache ServiceMix
17 22 (0.68%) nginx
Applications
1 8 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.093%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.031%) HipChat
3 1 (0.031%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.031%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 36 (1.12%) Oracle BPM
2 33 (1.02%) SAP Hybris
3 24 (0.74%) Payment Gateway
4 8 (0.25%) BusinessWorks
5 6 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 5 (0.16%) ION MarketView
7 3 (0.093%) Global One
8 2 (0.062%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.062%) Kondor
8 2 (0.062%) Loan IQ
8 2 (0.062%) Oracle Cash Management
9 1 (0.031%) Oracle SCM
9 1 (0.031%) RMDS
9 1 (0.031%) SAP Business One
9 1 (0.031%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 466 (14.46%) Amazon AWS
2 111 (3.45%) GitHub
3 100 (3.10%) Microsoft Azure
4 73 (2.27%) Amazon EC2
5 55 (1.71%) PaaS
6 48 (1.49%) npm
7 39 (1.21%) Amazon SQS
8 33 (1.02%) Cloud Computing
9 31 (0.96%) Amazon S3
10 24 (0.74%) Serverless
11 23 (0.71%) OpenShift
11 23 (0.71%) Slack
12 21 (0.65%) Google Cloud Platform
12 21 (0.65%) IaaS
13 19 (0.59%) AWS Lambda
13 19 (0.59%) SaaS
14 15 (0.47%) AWS CloudFormation
15 11 (0.34%) Google Play
16 10 (0.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 10 (0.31%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 168 (5.21%) HTTP
2 70 (2.17%) TCP/IP
3 55 (1.71%) Internet
4 50 (1.55%) SSL
5 40 (1.24%) Kerberos
6 29 (0.90%) Firewall
6 29 (0.90%) SMS
7 19 (0.59%) FTP
8 12 (0.37%) DNS
9 10 (0.31%) BIG-IP
9 10 (0.31%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
10 9 (0.28%) SMTP
11 7 (0.22%) Network Security
12 5 (0.16%) AMQP
12 5 (0.16%) Intranet
13 3 (0.093%) SSH
14 2 (0.062%) DHCP
14 2 (0.062%) OpenVPN
14 2 (0.062%) ZigBee
15 1 (0.031%) PuTTY
Database & Business Intelligence
1 465 (14.43%) NoSQL
2 425 (13.19%) MongoDB
3 346 (10.74%) Relational Database
4 284 (8.81%) MySQL
5 237 (7.36%) PostgreSQL
6 206 (6.39%) Hadoop
7 196 (6.08%) SQL Server
8 187 (5.80%) Big Data
9 173 (5.37%) RDBMS
10 136 (4.22%) Apache Cassandra
11 101 (3.13%) Redis
12 97 (3.01%) HBase
12 97 (3.01%) Oracle Database
13 82 (2.55%) DB2
14 37 (1.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 36 (1.12%) Apache Hive
16 35 (1.09%) Endeca
17 29 (0.90%) Neo4j
18 25 (0.78%) Parquet
19 24 (0.74%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 886 (27.50%) Git (software)
2 853 (26.47%) Maven
3 835 (25.92%) Jenkins
4 637 (19.77%) JUnit
5 367 (11.39%) JIRA
6 307 (9.53%) Gradle
7 265 (8.22%) Mockito
8 244 (7.57%) Cucumber
9 195 (6.05%) Selenium
10 186 (5.77%) Subversion
11 171 (5.31%) Eclipse
12 156 (4.84%) IntelliJ
13 133 (4.13%) TeamCity
14 115 (3.57%) Ant
15 81 (2.51%) SonarQube
16 67 (2.08%) Bitbucket
17 66 (2.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 64 (1.99%) Sonatype Nexus
19 57 (1.77%) Hudson
20 49 (1.52%) gulp
General
1 617 (19.15%) Finance
2 464 (14.40%) Banking
3 171 (5.31%) Investment Banking
4 98 (3.04%) Retail
5 89 (2.76%) Games
6 81 (2.51%) Front Office
7 36 (1.12%) Law
8 34 (1.06%) Marketing
9 30 (0.93%) Publishing
10 28 (0.87%) Back Office
10 28 (0.87%) Retail Banking
11 27 (0.84%) Telecoms
12 26 (0.81%) Manufacturing
13 11 (0.34%) Advertising
14 10 (0.31%) Financial Institution
15 9 (0.28%) Electronics
15 9 (0.28%) Legal
16 6 (0.19%) Automotive
16 6 (0.19%) Wholesale Banking
17 4 (0.12%) German Language
Job Titles
1 2,706 (83.99%) Developer
2 2,290 (71.07%) Java Developer
3 447 (13.87%) Senior Developer
4 409 (12.69%) Senior Java Developer
5 198 (6.15%) Full Stack Developer
6 188 (5.83%) Agile Developer
7 179 (5.56%) Agile Java Developer
8 172 (5.34%) Java Engineer
9 146 (4.53%) Architect
10 106 (3.29%) Angular Developer
11 103 (3.20%) Software Engineer
12 101 (3.13%) JavaScript Developer
12 101 (3.13%) Lead Developer
13 95 (2.95%) Lead Java Developer
14 92 (2.86%) Scala Developer
15 89 (2.76%) AWS Developer
16 79 (2.45%) Java Software Engineer
17 75 (2.33%) J2EE Developer
17 75 (2.33%) Java/J2EE Developer
18 63 (1.96%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,096 (34.02%) Spring Boot
2 1,058 (32.84%) Hibernate
3 931 (28.90%) REST
4 888 (27.56%) Web Services
5 693 (21.51%) RESTful
6 632 (19.62%) J2EE
7 617 (19.15%) HTML
8 594 (18.44%) AngularJS
9 474 (14.71%) CSS
10 464 (14.40%) JSON
11 463 (14.37%) SOAP
12 430 (13.35%) Spring MVC
13 417 (12.94%) XML
14 378 (11.73%) JMS
15 361 (11.20%) HTML5
15 361 (11.20%) Node.js
16 280 (8.69%) Kafka
17 261 (8.10%) React
18 249 (7.73%) Java EE
19 243 (7.54%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 249 (7.73%) Greenfield Project
2 111 (3.45%) Enterprise Software
3 104 (3.23%) User Experience
4 103 (3.20%) Analytical Skills
5 98 (3.04%) Computer Science
6 92 (2.86%) Virtual Team
7 75 (2.33%) Data Structures
8 72 (2.23%) Algorithms
9 65 (2.02%) Fintech
9 65 (2.02%) Linux Command Line
10 59 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 51 (1.58%) Mobile App
12 41 (1.27%) Derivative
13 40 (1.24%) iPad
14 35 (1.09%) Digital Media
15 31 (0.96%) Equities
15 31 (0.96%) Fixed Income
16 22 (0.68%) Social Media
17 21 (0.65%) N-Tier
17 21 (0.65%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 507 (15.74%) Linux
2 401 (12.45%) Unix
3 45 (1.40%) Windows
4 44 (1.37%) Android
5 40 (1.24%) Apple iOS
6 32 (0.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (0.68%) CentOS
7 22 (0.68%) Mac OS X
7 22 (0.68%) Solaris
8 17 (0.53%) Ubuntu
9 15 (0.47%) HPUX
10 8 (0.25%) CoreOS
11 6 (0.19%) VMS
12 3 (0.093%) Debian
13 2 (0.062%) Windows Server
13 2 (0.062%) zOS
14 1 (0.031%) AIX
14 1 (0.031%) Data ONTAP
14 1 (0.031%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.031%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,998 (62.01%) Agile Software Development
2 1,285 (39.88%) TDD
3 980 (30.42%) Microservices
4 753 (23.37%) BDD
5 731 (22.69%) Scrum
6 655 (20.33%) Continuous Integration
7 574 (17.82%) MVC
8 490 (15.21%) Test Automation
9 439 (13.63%) OO
10 400 (12.41%) DevOps
11 369 (11.45%) Software Engineering
12 315 (9.78%) Open Source
13 300 (9.31%) E-Commerce
14 292 (9.06%) Kanban
15 285 (8.85%) SOA
16 266 (8.26%) Unit Testing
17 212 (6.58%) SDLC
18 197 (6.11%) Multithreading
19 190 (5.90%) Pair Programming
20 173 (5.37%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 3,163 (98.17%) Java
2 964 (29.92%) JavaScript
3 778 (24.15%) SQL
4 317 (9.84%) Scala
5 197 (6.11%) Python
6 157 (4.87%) Groovy
7 120 (3.72%) Ruby
8 97 (3.01%) Shell Script
9 88 (2.73%) PL/SQL
10 73 (2.27%) Bash Shell
11 62 (1.92%) ES6
12 58 (1.80%) C#
13 55 (1.71%) XPath
14 48 (1.49%) Perl
15 46 (1.43%) TypeScript
16 44 (1.37%) C++
17 37 (1.15%) Kotlin
18 25 (0.78%) C
19 24 (0.74%) PHP
20 21 (0.65%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 195 (6.05%) Security Cleared
2 183 (5.68%) Degree
3 146 (4.53%) SC Cleared
4 50 (1.55%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (0.90%) DV Cleared
6 23 (0.71%) Master's Degree
7 12 (0.37%) DBS Check
7 12 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
8 11 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.12%) OCP
9 4 (0.12%) Oracle Certification
10 2 (0.062%) ISEB
10 2 (0.062%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.062%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.062%) Sun Certification
11 1 (0.031%) CFA
11 1 (0.031%) OCPJP
11 1 (0.031%) PhD
11 1 (0.031%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 166 (5.15%) QA
2 13 (0.40%) GCP
3 12 (0.37%) MiFID
4 11 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
5 8 (0.25%) Dodd-Frank
5 8 (0.25%) EMIR
6 5 (0.16%) PMO
6 5 (0.16%) PSD2
6 5 (0.16%) SLA
7 4 (0.12%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.093%) SEPA
9 1 (0.031%) GDPR
9 1 (0.031%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.031%) WAI
9 1 (0.031%) WCAG
System Software
1 497 (15.43%) Docker
2 81 (2.51%) HDFS
3 72 (2.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 24 (0.74%) Active Directory
5 23 (0.71%) VMware Infrastructure
6 19 (0.59%) vSphere
7 13 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.16%) OpenAM
8 5 (0.16%) OpenIDM
9 4 (0.12%) LXC
9 4 (0.12%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.062%) Firmware
10 2 (0.062%) Squid
10 2 (0.062%) VMware Server
11 1 (0.031%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.031%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.031%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 192 (5.96%) Puppet
2 178 (5.52%) Ansible
3 141 (4.38%) Opscode Chef
4 138 (4.28%) Kubernetes
5 64 (1.99%) Terraform
6 63 (1.96%) Hadoop YARN
7 52 (1.61%) Kibana
8 49 (1.52%) Grafana
9 31 (0.96%) Cobbler
10 26 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
11 17 (0.53%) logstash
12 14 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
13 13 (0.40%) Consul
14 9 (0.28%) Graylog
15 8 (0.25%) Packer
16 7 (0.22%) Zipkin
17 6 (0.19%) Business Desktop Deployment
18 5 (0.16%) Mesos
18 5 (0.16%) Oozie
18 5 (0.16%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 517 (16.05%) Oracle
2 115 (3.57%) IBM
3 70 (2.17%) hybris
3 70 (2.17%) Red Hat
4 68 (2.11%) Google
5 61 (1.89%) MuleSoft
5 61 (1.89%) Splunk
6 53 (1.64%) Adobe
7 49 (1.52%) SAP
8 45 (1.40%) Atlassian
8 45 (1.40%) Sybase
9 42 (1.30%) AppDynamics
10 40 (1.24%) TIBCO
11 36 (1.12%) Microsoft
12 33 (1.02%) Perforce
13 27 (0.84%) New Relic
13 27 (0.84%) webMethods
14 26 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
15 25 (0.78%) ATG
16 23 (0.71%) VMware