Period
to 1 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 1 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
1 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 68 85 59
Rank change year-on-year +17 -26 +3
Contract jobs citing Spring 884 2,224 3,715
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.41% 2.78% 3.99%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.71% 8.82% 11.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 624 1,586 2,799
Median daily rate £508 £523 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.87% +4.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £363 £406 £381
90th Percentile £675 £671 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 8 17
Median hourly rate £35.00 £52.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -33.33% +23.53% +3.03%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £43.75
% change year-on-year -30.00% +14.29% +6.06%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 8,253 25,225 33,109
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.83% 31.51% 35.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,601 17,741 23,607
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £315 £340 £325
90th Percentile £694 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £495 £494 £475
% change year-on-year +0.30% +3.89% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 125 260 317
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +6.51% +5.63%
10th Percentile £24.10 £18.40 £15.24
90th Percentile £58.40 £68.88 £58.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.81
% change year-on-year -20.45% +5.25% +4.51%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 1 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 572 £525 -4.55% 174
North of England +46 110 £450 - 43
East of England +49 73 £500 +5.26% 13
Yorkshire +37 51 £450 - 10
South West +22 44 £500 +5.26% 21
South East -16 44 £463 -2.63% 57
North West +35 43 £450 - 24
Midlands +7 24 £351 -22.00% 31
North East +44 16 £500 -10.11% 9
West Midlands +12 15 £351 -22.00% 18
East Midlands +26 9 £400 -15.79% 13
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 1 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 855 (96.72%) Java
2 503 (56.90%) Agile Software Development
3 462 (52.26%) Spring Boot
4 448 (50.68%) Microservices
5 307 (34.73%) AWS
6 301 (34.05%) Java 8
7 258 (29.19%) TDD
8 255 (28.85%) Jenkins
9 252 (28.51%) Git (software)
10 234 (26.47%) Maven
10 234 (26.47%) REST
11 226 (25.57%) Finance
12 220 (24.89%) SQL
13 206 (23.30%) Docker
14 192 (21.72%) DevOps
15 190 (21.49%) Scrum
16 179 (20.25%) Banking
16 179 (20.25%) Kubernetes
17 164 (18.55%) Web Services
18 158 (17.87%) Security Cleared
19 155 (17.53%) Test Automation
20 153 (17.31%) JavaScript
21 152 (17.19%) Continuous Integration
22 151 (17.08%) RESTful
23 149 (16.86%) JIRA
24 145 (16.40%) JUnit
25 144 (16.29%) BDD
26 142 (16.06%) Software Engineering
27 139 (15.72%) Oracle
28 127 (14.37%) SC Cleared

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (12.22%) Confluence
2 71 (8.03%) Mule
3 51 (5.77%) Cloud Foundry
3 51 (5.77%) Elasticsearch
4 49 (5.54%) Red Hat Fuse
5 45 (5.09%) JBoss
6 44 (4.98%) Apache
7 40 (4.52%) Apache Spark
7 40 (4.52%) WebLogic
8 36 (4.07%) Tomcat
9 25 (2.83%) WebSphere
10 16 (1.81%) Apache Solr
11 14 (1.58%) Oracle Service Bus
12 10 (1.13%) AquaLogic
12 10 (1.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 9 (1.02%) Anypoint
13 9 (1.02%) SharePoint
13 9 (1.02%) WebSphere Application Server
14 7 (0.79%) BizTalk Server
15 6 (0.68%) MQSeries
Applications
1 10 (1.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.45%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.11%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 11 (1.24%) Oracle BPM
2 8 (0.90%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (0.57%) Temenos T24
4 3 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.11%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.11%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.11%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 307 (34.73%) AWS
2 125 (14.14%) Azure
3 76 (8.60%) GCP
4 60 (6.79%) GitHub
5 38 (4.30%) Slack
6 23 (2.60%) OpenShift
7 21 (2.38%) Amazon EC2
7 21 (2.38%) PaaS
8 18 (2.04%) IaaS
9 17 (1.92%) npm
10 15 (1.70%) Amazon ECS
10 15 (1.70%) Apigee
11 13 (1.47%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 9 (1.02%) AWS Fargate
12 9 (1.02%) Serverless
13 8 (0.90%) Amazon Kinesis
13 8 (0.90%) Amazon S3
13 8 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
13 8 (0.90%) Kong
14 6 (0.68%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 44 (4.98%) SSL
2 29 (3.28%) HTTPS
3 26 (2.94%) HTTP
4 11 (1.24%) TCP/IP
5 9 (1.02%) DNS
5 9 (1.02%) Firewall
6 8 (0.90%) Reverse Proxy
7 7 (0.79%) Internet
8 6 (0.68%) FTP
9 5 (0.57%) SSH
10 2 (0.23%) AMQP
10 2 (0.23%) RTMP
10 2 (0.23%) Skype
11 1 (0.11%) Ethernet
11 1 (0.11%) FIX Connectivity
11 1 (0.11%) Kerberos
11 1 (0.11%) WebEx
11 1 (0.11%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 102 (11.54%) MySQL
2 94 (10.63%) Relational Database
3 93 (10.52%) NoSQL
4 86 (9.73%) MongoDB
5 81 (9.16%) PostgreSQL
6 69 (7.81%) SQL Server
7 48 (5.43%) Oracle Database
8 34 (3.85%) Hadoop
9 33 (3.73%) Apache Cassandra
10 21 (2.38%) RDBMS
11 19 (2.15%) Oracle Database 11g
12 18 (2.04%) Amazon RDS
12 18 (2.04%) Hazelcast
12 18 (2.04%) Redis
13 16 (1.81%) Amazon Aurora
13 16 (1.81%) Oracle Database 12c
14 13 (1.47%) Big Data
15 11 (1.24%) Oracle Database 10g
16 10 (1.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 8 (0.90%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 255 (28.85%) Jenkins
2 252 (28.51%) Git (software)
3 234 (26.47%) Maven
4 149 (16.86%) JIRA
5 145 (16.40%) JUnit
6 75 (8.48%) Cucumber
7 72 (8.14%) Mockito
8 65 (7.35%) Gradle
9 63 (7.13%) Subversion
10 60 (6.79%) GitLab
11 58 (6.56%) Sonatype Nexus
12 54 (6.11%) Selenium
13 43 (4.86%) SonarQube
14 29 (3.28%) IntelliJ
15 28 (3.17%) JMeter
16 26 (2.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 25 (2.83%) Android Studio
17 25 (2.83%) jMock
18 22 (2.49%) gulp
18 22 (2.49%) Hudson
General
1 226 (25.57%) Finance
2 179 (20.25%) Banking
3 83 (9.39%) Investment Banking
4 72 (8.14%) Front Office
5 60 (6.79%) Public Sector
6 16 (1.81%) Games
6 16 (1.81%) Marketing
7 15 (1.70%) Financial Institution
7 15 (1.70%) Retail
7 15 (1.70%) Telecoms
8 11 (1.24%) Manufacturing
9 9 (1.02%) Back Office
10 8 (0.90%) Advertising
10 8 (0.90%) Electronics
11 6 (0.68%) Retail Banking
12 4 (0.45%) Aerospace
13 3 (0.34%) Corporate Banking
14 2 (0.23%) Law
14 2 (0.23%) Legal
14 2 (0.23%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 654 (73.98%) Developer
2 504 (57.01%) Java Developer
3 99 (11.20%) Senior Developer
4 89 (10.07%) Senior Java Developer
5 66 (7.47%) AWS Developer
6 61 (6.90%) Full Stack Developer
7 60 (6.79%) Java Engineer
8 56 (6.33%) Architect
9 45 (5.09%) Software Engineer
10 35 (3.96%) SC Cleared Java Developer
11 29 (3.28%) Backend Developer
11 29 (3.28%) Java Software Engineer
12 26 (2.94%) Integration Developer
13 24 (2.71%) Java Software Developer
14 22 (2.49%) Solutions Architect
15 21 (2.38%) AWS Engineer
15 21 (2.38%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 20 (2.26%) Lead Developer
17 17 (1.92%) Applications Developer
17 17 (1.92%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 462 (52.26%) Spring Boot
2 234 (26.47%) REST
3 164 (18.55%) Web Services
4 151 (17.08%) RESTful
5 125 (14.14%) AngularJS
6 122 (13.80%) Kafka
7 114 (12.90%) HTML
8 111 (12.56%) React
9 110 (12.44%) Apache Camel
10 106 (11.99%) Hibernate
11 102 (11.54%) Node.js
12 86 (9.73%) SOAP
13 85 (9.62%) J2EE
14 84 (9.50%) JSON
14 84 (9.50%) XML
15 82 (9.28%) CSS
16 78 (8.82%) Middleware
17 72 (8.14%) JMS
18 65 (7.35%) RabbitMQ
19 57 (6.45%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 63 (7.13%) Mobile App
2 37 (4.19%) Enterprise Software
3 36 (4.07%) Fixed Income
4 34 (3.85%) User Experience
5 23 (2.60%) Analytical Skills
6 18 (2.04%) Greenfield Project
6 18 (2.04%) Public Cloud
7 16 (1.81%) Algorithms
8 15 (1.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 15 (1.70%) Virtual Team
9 14 (1.58%) Clustering
9 14 (1.58%) Pricing Data
10 12 (1.36%) Credit Risk
10 12 (1.36%) Data Structures
11 11 (1.24%) Derivative
11 11 (1.24%) Hybrid Cloud
12 10 (1.13%) Equities
13 9 (1.02%) Cloud Native
14 5 (0.57%) FMCG
14 5 (0.57%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 116 (13.12%) Linux
2 78 (8.82%) Unix
3 40 (4.52%) Android
4 32 (3.62%) Apple iOS
5 19 (2.15%) Windows
6 8 (0.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.79%) Mac OS X
8 5 (0.57%) CentOS
8 5 (0.57%) Debian
8 5 (0.57%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
9 1 (0.11%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 503 (56.90%) Agile Software Development
2 448 (50.68%) Microservices
3 258 (29.19%) TDD
4 192 (21.72%) DevOps
5 190 (21.49%) Scrum
6 155 (17.53%) Test Automation
7 152 (17.19%) Continuous Integration
8 144 (16.29%) BDD
9 142 (16.06%) Software Engineering
10 102 (11.54%) Continuous Delivery
11 94 (10.63%) Kanban
12 81 (9.16%) SDLC
13 77 (8.71%) Pair Programming
14 70 (7.92%) OO
15 65 (7.35%) Open Source
16 54 (6.11%) Multithreading
16 54 (6.11%) Unit Testing
17 53 (6.00%) Problem-Solving
18 45 (5.09%) MVC
19 44 (4.98%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 855 (96.72%) Java
2 301 (34.05%) Java 8
3 220 (24.89%) SQL
4 153 (17.31%) JavaScript
5 125 (14.14%) Python
6 83 (9.39%) Kotlin
7 57 (6.45%) Scala
8 41 (4.64%) PL/SQL
9 28 (3.17%) Shell Script
10 23 (2.60%) Apple Swift
10 23 (2.60%) TypeScript
11 22 (2.49%) C#
12 15 (1.70%) Perl
13 14 (1.58%) ES6
13 14 (1.58%) T-SQL
14 13 (1.47%) C++
14 13 (1.47%) Java 9
15 12 (1.36%) Groovy
16 9 (1.02%) Go
17 8 (0.90%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 158 (17.87%) Security Cleared
2 127 (14.37%) SC Cleared
3 33 (3.73%) Degree
4 20 (2.26%) DV Cleared
5 16 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
6 12 (1.36%) BPSS Clearance
6 12 (1.36%) ISEB
6 12 (1.36%) ISTQB
6 12 (1.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 8 (0.90%) OCPJP
7 8 (0.90%) Sun Certification
8 6 (0.68%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.34%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.11%) CISSP
10 1 (0.11%) CREST Certified
10 1 (0.11%) HNC
10 1 (0.11%) HND
10 1 (0.11%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (5.32%) QA
2 4 (0.45%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.23%) GDPR
4 2 (0.23%) ISO 9001
4 2 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 2 (0.23%) MiFID
5 1 (0.11%) Basel III
5 1 (0.11%) NCSC
System Software
1 206 (23.30%) Docker
2 7 (0.79%) vSphere
3 5 (0.57%) Postfix
3 5 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.34%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.23%) HDFS
5 2 (0.23%) NFS
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.11%) OpenAM
6 1 (0.11%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 179 (20.25%) Kubernetes
2 62 (7.01%) Terraform
3 49 (5.54%) Prometheus
4 30 (3.39%) Ansible
5 22 (2.49%) Zipkin
6 15 (1.70%) Kibana
7 11 (1.24%) Puppet
8 10 (1.13%) logstash
9 9 (1.02%) Grafana
10 7 (0.79%) Opscode Chef
11 5 (0.57%) Salt
12 4 (0.45%) HP ALM
12 4 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
12 4 (0.45%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 4 (0.45%) Rundeck
13 3 (0.34%) linkerd
13 3 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
14 2 (0.23%) Consul
14 2 (0.23%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 2 (0.23%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 139 (15.72%) Oracle
2 63 (7.13%) Splunk
3 58 (6.56%) AppDynamics
4 40 (4.52%) MuleSoft
5 38 (4.30%) Sybase
6 22 (2.49%) Microsoft
7 21 (2.38%) SAP
8 20 (2.26%) Atlassian
8 20 (2.26%) Red Hat
9 14 (1.58%) BEA
10 13 (1.47%) Blue Coat
10 13 (1.47%) F5
10 13 (1.47%) webMethods
11 11 (1.24%) Axway
11 11 (1.24%) Google
11 11 (1.24%) IBM
12 9 (1.02%) Bloomberg
12 9 (1.02%) Confluent
12 9 (1.02%) hybris
12 9 (1.02%) Murex