Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 12 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 91 64 79
Rank change year-on-year -27 +15 +3
Contract jobs citing Spring 2,004 2,069 921
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.76% 3.51% 3.01%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.29% 11.68% 9.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,447 1,404 679
10th Percentile £450 £417 £400
25th Percentile £513 £475 £461
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £713 £650 £612
90th Percentile £788 £725 £692
UK median daily rate £600 £550 £520
% change year-on-year +9.09% +5.77% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 28 4
10th Percentile £48.50 £54.18 £54.15
25th Percentile £61.25 £61.75 £56.63
Median hourly rate £65.76 £66.52 £60.00
Median % change year-on-year -1.14% +10.87% +4.35%
75th Percentile £75.00 £71.50 £64.63
90th Percentile £77.00 £73.45 £67.55
UK median hourly rate £65.00 £65.77 £60.00
% change year-on-year -1.17% +9.62% +9.09%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 19,477 17,721 9,383
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 26.79% 30.04% 30.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,464 12,812 6,686
10th Percentile £405 £363 £330
25th Percentile £475 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £675 £625 £594
90th Percentile £775 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £565 £510 £500
% change year-on-year +10.78% +2.00% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 204 178 86
10th Percentile £19.73 £16.06 £20.63
25th Percentile £37.94 £27.63 £30.31
Median hourly rate £59.50 £48.27 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +23.28% +7.26% -4.43%
75th Percentile £67.50 £62.95 £57.88
90th Percentile £76.89 £70.30 £67.38
UK median hourly rate £59.00 £47.88 £45.00
% change year-on-year +23.24% +6.39% -

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -13 1,408 £625 +4.17% 213
South East -21 127 £575 +21.05% 51
North of England -67 110 £541 +8.25% 68
South West -5 85 £513 +5.13% 40
Midlands -33 63 £540 +13.98% 34
North West -39 55 £531 +6.25% 26
East of England -17 54 £583 +12.93% 12
West Midlands -29 54 £545 +15.04% 25
Yorkshire -22 41 £545 +9.00% 32
North East -38 14 £550 - 10
East Midlands -3 9 £525 +14.07% 9
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,929 (96.26%) Java
2 1,198 (59.78%) Spring Boot
3 999 (49.85%) Agile
4 950 (47.41%) Microservices
5 630 (31.44%) CI/CD
6 588 (29.34%) Docker
7 560 (27.94%) Jenkins
8 550 (27.45%) TDD
9 539 (26.90%) REST
10 528 (26.35%) Kubernetes
11 519 (25.90%) Git (software)
12 514 (25.65%) Maven
13 483 (24.10%) JavaScript
14 466 (23.25%) Finance
15 450 (22.46%) SQL
16 446 (22.26%) DevOps
17 428 (21.36%) AWS
18 422 (21.06%) RESTful
19 384 (19.16%) Banking
20 383 (19.11%) Software Engineering
21 343 (17.12%) Oracle
22 338 (16.87%) Hibernate
23 320 (15.97%) Scrum
24 318 (15.87%) Social Skills
25 314 (15.67%) Kafka
26 313 (15.62%) Azure
27 312 (15.57%) React
28 305 (15.22%) Test Automation
29 304 (15.17%) HTML
30 296 (14.77%) JIRA

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 146 (7.29%) Confluence
2 58 (2.89%) JBoss
2 58 (2.89%) Tomcat
3 55 (2.74%) Mule
4 54 (2.69%) Apache
5 50 (2.50%) Red Hat Fuse
6 45 (2.25%) Cloud Foundry
7 29 (1.45%) WebLogic
7 29 (1.45%) WebSphere
8 24 (1.20%) Oracle Coherence
9 16 (0.80%) Apache Spark
10 14 (0.70%) Apache Solr
11 13 (0.65%) FileNet
11 13 (0.65%) Jetty
12 11 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 9 (0.45%) WebSphere Application Server
14 8 (0.40%) CMS
14 8 (0.40%) GeoServer
15 7 (0.35%) nginx
15 7 (0.35%) OpenStack
Applications
1 3 (0.15%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.100%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 8 (0.40%) SAP Hybris
2 6 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
3 5 (0.25%) ION MarketView
4 4 (0.20%) BondVision
4 4 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.100%) Magento
5 2 (0.100%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.100%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.100%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.100%) SDL Web 8
5 2 (0.100%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.100%) Temenos T24
5 2 (0.100%) WebTrends
6 1 (0.050%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.050%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 1 (0.050%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.050%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 428 (21.36%) AWS
2 313 (15.62%) Azure
3 156 (7.78%) GitHub
4 126 (6.29%) GCP
5 96 (4.79%) Serverless
6 88 (4.39%) AWS Lambda
7 87 (4.34%) OpenShift
8 74 (3.69%) Amazon SQS
9 73 (3.64%) Amazon S3
10 66 (3.29%) Amazon EC2
11 36 (1.80%) Apigee
12 31 (1.55%) Amazon ECS
13 28 (1.40%) Slack
14 25 (1.25%) IaaS
15 24 (1.20%) Amazon EKS
15 24 (1.20%) Azure Data Factory
15 24 (1.20%) PaaS
16 23 (1.15%) Cloud Computing
17 22 (1.10%) AWS CloudFormation
18 21 (1.05%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 33 (1.65%) HTTP
2 22 (1.10%) Internet
3 19 (0.95%) HTTPS
4 14 (0.70%) DSL
5 11 (0.55%) SSL
6 6 (0.30%) FTP
6 6 (0.30%) Intranet
6 6 (0.30%) Kerberos
7 5 (0.25%) AMQP
8 4 (0.20%) Firewall
8 4 (0.20%) SMTP
9 2 (0.100%) Intrusion Detection
9 2 (0.100%) LAN
9 2 (0.100%) SSH
10 1 (0.050%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
10 1 (0.050%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
10 1 (0.050%) IPv6
10 1 (0.050%) Reverse Proxy
10 1 (0.050%) TCP/IP
10 1 (0.050%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 230 (11.48%) PostgreSQL
2 225 (11.23%) NoSQL
3 195 (9.73%) SQL Server
4 181 (9.03%) Relational Database
5 135 (6.74%) MongoDB
6 132 (6.59%) Redis
7 96 (4.79%) MySQL
8 69 (3.44%) Elasticsearch
9 60 (2.99%) Oracle Database
10 47 (2.35%) RDBMS
11 46 (2.30%) DynamoDB
12 44 (2.20%) Big Data
13 40 (2.00%) Hazelcast
14 39 (1.95%) Amazon RDS
15 28 (1.40%) Apache Cassandra
16 19 (0.95%) Delta Lake
17 17 (0.85%) Hadoop
18 16 (0.80%) GIS
19 15 (0.75%) MarkLogic
20 13 (0.65%) DB2
Development Applications
1 560 (27.94%) Jenkins
2 519 (25.90%) Git (software)
3 514 (25.65%) Maven
4 296 (14.77%) JIRA
5 276 (13.77%) JUnit
6 163 (8.13%) Gradle
7 156 (7.78%) Cucumber
7 156 (7.78%) Mockito
8 129 (6.44%) GitLab
9 114 (5.69%) TeamCity
10 94 (4.69%) Bitbucket
11 89 (4.44%) Sonatype Nexus
12 71 (3.54%) Selenium
13 69 (3.44%) Subversion
14 61 (3.04%) SonarQube
15 60 (2.99%) Eclipse
16 57 (2.84%) IntelliJ
17 52 (2.59%) Artifactory
18 48 (2.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 46 (2.30%) Postman
General
1 466 (23.25%) Finance
2 384 (19.16%) Banking
3 318 (15.87%) Social Skills
4 157 (7.83%) Investment Banking
5 131 (6.54%) Public Sector
6 97 (4.84%) Analytical Skills
7 95 (4.74%) Front Office
8 53 (2.64%) Financial Institution
9 39 (1.95%) Retail
10 29 (1.45%) Law
11 24 (1.20%) Legal
12 23 (1.15%) Automotive
13 19 (0.95%) Marketing
14 17 (0.85%) Billing
15 16 (0.80%) Telecoms
16 13 (0.65%) Documentation Skills
17 12 (0.60%) Presentation Skills
18 11 (0.55%) Back Office
19 10 (0.50%) Games
19 10 (0.50%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 1,416 (70.66%) Developer
2 1,139 (56.84%) Java Developer
3 295 (14.72%) Senior Developer
4 250 (12.48%) Senior Java Developer
5 146 (7.29%) Java Engineer
5 146 (7.29%) Software Engineer
6 133 (6.64%) Full Stack Developer
7 81 (4.04%) Architect
8 69 (3.44%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 66 (3.29%) Java Software Engineer
10 45 (2.25%) Senior Java Engineer
11 43 (2.15%) Backend Developer
12 42 (2.10%) Lead Developer
12 42 (2.10%) Software Developer
13 39 (1.95%) Solutions Architect
14 38 (1.90%) Integration Developer
14 38 (1.90%) React Developer
15 35 (1.75%) DevOps Engineer
16 33 (1.65%) Senior Software Engineer
17 32 (1.60%) Lead Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,198 (59.78%) Spring Boot
2 539 (26.90%) REST
3 422 (21.06%) RESTful
4 338 (16.87%) Hibernate
5 314 (15.67%) Kafka
6 312 (15.57%) React
7 304 (15.17%) HTML
8 264 (13.17%) Web Services
9 242 (12.08%) CSS
10 221 (11.03%) JPA
11 213 (10.63%) JSON
12 202 (10.08%) AngularJS
13 193 (9.63%) Node.js
14 166 (8.28%) SOAP
15 164 (8.18%) J2EE
16 153 (7.63%) HTML5
17 138 (6.89%) XML
18 127 (6.34%) JMS
19 100 (4.99%) Apache Camel
20 82 (4.09%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 83 (4.14%) User Experience
2 72 (3.59%) Cloud Native
3 55 (2.74%) Greenfield Project
4 43 (2.15%) Enterprise Software
4 43 (2.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 43 (2.15%) Self-Motivation
5 40 (2.00%) Data Protection Act
6 37 (1.85%) Virtual Team
7 36 (1.80%) Management Information System
8 35 (1.75%) Legacy Systems
9 32 (1.60%) Public Cloud
10 31 (1.55%) Fixed Income
11 28 (1.40%) Mobile App
12 23 (1.15%) Clustering
13 22 (1.10%) Derivative
14 19 (0.95%) Data Structures
15 16 (0.80%) Linux Command Line
16 15 (0.75%) Legacy Applications
16 15 (0.75%) Reinsurance
17 14 (0.70%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 198 (9.88%) Linux
2 135 (6.74%) Unix
3 78 (3.89%) Windows
4 28 (1.40%) Android
5 13 (0.65%) Apple iOS
6 11 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.50%) Mac OS X
8 7 (0.35%) VMS
8 7 (0.35%) Windows Server
9 4 (0.20%) Amazon Linux
9 4 (0.20%) Windows Server 2016
9 4 (0.20%) Windows Server 2019
10 3 (0.15%) Solaris
10 3 (0.15%) zOS
11 2 (0.100%) CentOS
11 2 (0.100%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.050%) Debian
12 1 (0.050%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 999 (49.85%) Agile
2 950 (47.41%) Microservices
3 630 (31.44%) CI/CD
4 550 (27.45%) TDD
5 446 (22.26%) DevOps
6 383 (19.11%) Software Engineering
7 320 (15.97%) Scrum
8 305 (15.22%) Test Automation
9 296 (14.77%) Full Stack Development
10 266 (13.27%) BDD
11 237 (11.83%) Continuous Integration
12 178 (8.88%) SDLC
13 172 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
14 170 (8.48%) Unit Testing
15 143 (7.14%) Multithreading
16 141 (7.04%) OO
17 139 (6.94%) Containerisation
18 138 (6.89%) Kanban
19 137 (6.84%) Continuous Delivery
20 125 (6.24%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,929 (96.26%) Java
2 483 (24.10%) JavaScript
3 450 (22.46%) SQL
4 192 (9.58%) Python
5 156 (7.78%) TypeScript
6 107 (5.34%) Kotlin
7 89 (4.44%) C#
8 67 (3.34%) Scala
9 59 (2.94%) Shell Script
10 58 (2.89%) Bash
11 57 (2.84%) PL/SQL
12 44 (2.20%) ES6
13 38 (1.90%) Perl
14 28 (1.40%) Groovy
15 23 (1.15%) C++
16 19 (0.95%) Go
17 17 (0.85%) PHP
18 15 (0.75%) C
19 14 (0.70%) T-SQL
20 12 (0.60%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 259 (12.92%) Security Cleared
2 208 (10.38%) SC Cleared
3 77 (3.84%) Degree
4 47 (2.35%) Computer Science Degree
5 43 (2.15%) DV Cleared
6 26 (1.30%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (0.30%) OCP
7 6 (0.30%) Oracle Certification
8 4 (0.20%) Sun Certification
9 3 (0.15%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.15%) OCPJP
10 2 (0.100%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.100%) CISSP
10 2 (0.100%) MBA
10 2 (0.100%) PhD
11 1 (0.050%) CISA
11 1 (0.050%) GIAC
11 1 (0.050%) GPEN
11 1 (0.050%) OSCP
11 1 (0.050%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 101 (5.04%) QA
2 34 (1.70%) Accessibility
3 13 (0.65%) GDPR
4 6 (0.30%) ISO 20022
5 5 (0.25%) WCAG
6 3 (0.15%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.15%) SEPA
7 1 (0.050%) FATCA
7 1 (0.050%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.050%) NCSC
System Software
1 588 (29.34%) Docker
2 10 (0.50%) Postfix
3 9 (0.45%) Platform Symphony
4 8 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.30%) VirtualBox
7 5 (0.25%) HDFS
8 4 (0.20%) vSphere
9 3 (0.15%) GridGain
10 2 (0.100%) Squid
11 1 (0.050%) Active Directory
11 1 (0.050%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.050%) etcd
11 1 (0.050%) OpenAM
11 1 (0.050%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.050%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 528 (26.35%) Kubernetes
2 153 (7.63%) Ansible
3 105 (5.24%) Terraform
4 42 (2.10%) Kibana
5 41 (2.05%) Puppet
6 36 (1.80%) Grafana
7 23 (1.15%) Rancher
8 21 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
8 21 (1.05%) ITRS Geneos
8 21 (1.05%) Mesos
9 15 (0.75%) Consul
9 15 (0.75%) Istio
10 12 (0.60%) logstash
11 9 (0.45%) Prometheus
12 7 (0.35%) Packer
13 5 (0.25%) HAProxy
14 4 (0.20%) Control-M
14 4 (0.20%) Opscode Chef
15 3 (0.15%) Active Directory Federation Services
16 2 (0.100%) Argo
Vendors
1 343 (17.12%) Oracle
2 92 (4.59%) IBM
3 80 (3.99%) Microsoft
4 75 (3.74%) Google
5 71 (3.54%) Splunk
6 55 (2.74%) Sybase
7 51 (2.54%) Red Hat
8 40 (2.00%) AppDynamics
9 39 (1.95%) Dynatrace
10 26 (1.30%) Databricks
11 25 (1.25%) MuleSoft
12 18 (0.90%) SAP
12 18 (0.90%) WSO2
13 17 (0.85%) New Relic
14 16 (0.80%) Perforce
15 15 (0.75%) Atlassian
15 15 (0.75%) Confluent
16 12 (0.60%) Adobe
17 11 (0.55%) TIBCO
18 9 (0.45%) Salesforce.com