Period
to 12 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 12 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
12 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 94 59 58
Rank change year-on-year -35 -1 +26
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,858 3,916 3,497
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.54% 4.06% 3.68%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.33% 11.57% 11.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,314 2,812 2,486
England median daily rate £520 £513 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.46% +7.89% +5.56%
10th Percentile £405 £381 £350
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £513 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 16 10
England median hourly rate £35.00 £38.61 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.36% -11.74% -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £36.23 £43.75
% change year-on-year -3.38% -17.20% -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 22,307 33,838 30,987
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.55% 35.12% 32.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,589 24,149 22,086
England median daily rate £500 £480 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +2.13% +10.59%
10th Percentile £338 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £493 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +3.68% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 238 283 353
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.53 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.34% +3.83% +1.01%
10th Percentile £17.24 £18.67 £18.00
90th Percentile £78.75 £57.90 £51.62
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.53 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.34% +3.83% -

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 12 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 1,122 £550 - 409
South East -79 237 £475 -5.00% 86
North of England -30 229 £475 +8.57% 97
Yorkshire +13 125 £481 +8.45% 34
South West +11 121 £450 +5.88% 55
Midlands -52 107 £475 +5.56% 64
North West -62 90 £450 +1.12% 43
West Midlands -40 75 £475 +5.56% 46
East Midlands -25 32 £400 -2.08% 18
East of England -84 31 £475 -0.52% 31
North East -1 14 £394 -4.55% 20
South Coast - 4 - -
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 12 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,711 (92.09%) Java
2 1,135 (61.09%) Agile Software Development
3 834 (44.89%) Microservices
4 794 (42.73%) Spring Boot
5 688 (37.03%) TDD
6 637 (34.28%) Java 8
7 529 (28.47%) Git (software)
8 508 (27.34%) JavaScript
9 492 (26.48%) Docker
10 489 (26.32%) REST
11 488 (26.26%) AWS
12 487 (26.21%) Jenkins
13 453 (24.38%) Scrum
14 452 (24.33%) SQL
15 417 (22.44%) AngularJS
16 409 (22.01%) Maven
17 391 (21.04%) JUnit
18 371 (19.97%) RESTful
19 368 (19.81%) DevOps
20 364 (19.59%) Hibernate
21 356 (19.16%) HTML
22 337 (18.14%) Web Services
23 324 (17.44%) CSS
24 319 (17.17%) BDD
25 310 (16.68%) Finance
26 305 (16.42%) Continuous Integration
27 288 (15.50%) Kubernetes
28 282 (15.18%) Test Automation
29 276 (14.85%) Kafka
30 268 (14.42%) React

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 136 (7.32%) Confluence
2 113 (6.08%) Tomcat
3 111 (5.97%) Apache
4 81 (4.36%) JBoss
5 76 (4.09%) Elasticsearch
6 63 (3.39%) WebLogic
7 56 (3.01%) Cloud Foundry
8 51 (2.74%) Apache Spark
9 30 (1.61%) WebSphere
10 25 (1.35%) Jetty
11 21 (1.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 20 (1.08%) CMS
13 17 (0.91%) Apache Solr
14 16 (0.86%) nginx
15 12 (0.65%) Magnolia
15 12 (0.65%) Mule
16 11 (0.59%) Camunda
16 11 (0.59%) IIS
16 11 (0.59%) WildFly
17 9 (0.48%) OpenStack
Applications
1 10 (0.54%) GIMP
1 10 (0.54%) Photoshop
2 8 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.22%) Windchill
5 2 (0.11%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.054%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 8 (0.43%) Oracle AML
2 6 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 2 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.054%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.054%) Magento
5 1 (0.054%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 488 (26.26%) AWS
2 198 (10.66%) Azure
3 117 (6.30%) GitHub
4 84 (4.52%) Amazon EC2
5 73 (3.93%) GCP
6 69 (3.71%) Amazon SQS
7 37 (1.99%) Serverless
8 33 (1.78%) OpenShift
9 30 (1.61%) npm
10 29 (1.56%) AWS Lambda
11 26 (1.40%) Amazon S3
12 19 (1.02%) PaaS
13 18 (0.97%) Slack
14 14 (0.75%) Amazon Kinesis
15 13 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
16 9 (0.48%) Amazon EKS
16 9 (0.48%) Google Analytics
16 9 (0.48%) SaaS
17 7 (0.38%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 7 (0.38%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 88 (4.74%) HTTP
2 51 (2.74%) TCP/IP
3 31 (1.67%) Internet
4 26 (1.40%) SSL
5 24 (1.29%) FTP
6 13 (0.70%) DNS
7 12 (0.65%) SSH
8 9 (0.48%) Kerberos
9 8 (0.43%) Reverse Proxy
10 6 (0.32%) Firewall
10 6 (0.32%) HTTPS
10 6 (0.32%) SMTP
11 4 (0.22%) Intranet
12 3 (0.16%) DHCP
12 3 (0.16%) Remote Desktop
12 3 (0.16%) Wireshark
13 2 (0.11%) AMQP
13 2 (0.11%) Ethernet
13 2 (0.11%) MPLS
14 1 (0.054%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 178 (9.58%) NoSQL
2 164 (8.83%) PostgreSQL
3 144 (7.75%) Relational Database
4 133 (7.16%) MySQL
5 127 (6.84%) MongoDB
6 107 (5.76%) SQL Server
7 72 (3.88%) Hadoop
8 69 (3.71%) Oracle Database
9 60 (3.23%) Amazon RDS
10 49 (2.64%) Apache Cassandra
11 47 (2.53%) Big Data
12 39 (2.10%) RDBMS
13 24 (1.29%) Flink
14 21 (1.13%) Redis
15 18 (0.97%) Apache Hive
16 17 (0.91%) HBase
17 13 (0.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 13 (0.70%) Cosmos DB
18 12 (0.65%) Oracle Database 12c
19 11 (0.59%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 529 (28.47%) Git (software)
2 487 (26.21%) Jenkins
3 409 (22.01%) Maven
4 391 (21.04%) JUnit
5 225 (12.11%) Mockito
6 217 (11.68%) JIRA
7 151 (8.13%) Cucumber
8 136 (7.32%) Gradle
9 135 (7.27%) SonarQube
10 125 (6.73%) Selenium
11 84 (4.52%) Subversion
12 78 (4.20%) Eclipse
13 73 (3.93%) jMock
14 68 (3.66%) DbUnit
15 67 (3.61%) GitLab
16 66 (3.55%) IntelliJ
17 63 (3.39%) Ant
18 60 (3.23%) Bitbucket
19 48 (2.58%) Sonatype Nexus
20 38 (2.05%) gulp
General
1 310 (16.68%) Finance
2 187 (10.06%) Banking
3 91 (4.90%) Public Sector
4 61 (3.28%) Investment Banking
5 50 (2.69%) Retail
6 34 (1.83%) Front Office
7 30 (1.61%) Marketing
8 19 (1.02%) Games
9 18 (0.97%) Automotive
10 17 (0.91%) Financial Institution
10 17 (0.91%) Manufacturing
11 16 (0.86%) Retail Banking
11 16 (0.86%) Telecoms
12 8 (0.43%) Advertising
12 8 (0.43%) Electronics
13 6 (0.32%) Aerospace
13 6 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
14 5 (0.27%) Back Office
14 5 (0.27%) Law
14 5 (0.27%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,517 (81.65%) Developer
2 1,178 (63.40%) Java Developer
3 203 (10.93%) Full Stack Developer
4 186 (10.01%) Senior Developer
5 152 (8.18%) Senior Java Developer
6 111 (5.97%) Java Engineer
7 96 (5.17%) React Developer
8 94 (5.06%) Agile Developer
9 90 (4.84%) AWS Developer
10 87 (4.68%) Agile Java Developer
11 83 (4.47%) Software Engineer
12 82 (4.41%) SC Cleared Java Developer
13 77 (4.14%) Backend Developer
14 73 (3.93%) Angular Developer
15 58 (3.12%) Architect
16 57 (3.07%) Java Software Engineer
17 51 (2.74%) Java Developer - Fintech
18 40 (2.15%) Scala Developer
19 38 (2.05%) Software Developer
20 37 (1.99%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 794 (42.73%) Spring Boot
2 489 (26.32%) REST
3 417 (22.44%) AngularJS
4 371 (19.97%) RESTful
5 364 (19.59%) Hibernate
6 356 (19.16%) HTML
7 337 (18.14%) Web Services
8 324 (17.44%) CSS
9 276 (14.85%) Kafka
10 268 (14.42%) React
11 247 (13.29%) Node.js
12 205 (11.03%) JSON
13 197 (10.60%) HTML5
14 190 (10.23%) SOAP
15 159 (8.56%) J2EE
16 142 (7.64%) XML
17 125 (6.73%) JPA
18 124 (6.67%) Spring MVC
19 120 (6.46%) Spring Cloud
20 115 (6.19%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 154 (8.29%) Greenfield Project
2 94 (5.06%) User Experience
3 61 (3.28%) Enterprise Software
3 61 (3.28%) Mobile App
4 52 (2.80%) Analytical Skills
4 52 (2.80%) Virtual Team
5 43 (2.31%) Derivative
6 41 (2.21%) Linux Command Line
7 39 (2.10%) Algorithms
8 35 (1.88%) Data Structures
9 33 (1.78%) Cloud Native
9 33 (1.78%) Equity Derivative
10 29 (1.56%) Fixed Income
11 25 (1.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 22 (1.18%) Self-Motivation
13 19 (1.02%) NHS
14 14 (0.75%) Public Cloud
15 12 (0.65%) Mobile Banking
16 11 (0.59%) Mobile Payment
16 11 (0.59%) Smart City
Operating Systems
1 225 (12.11%) Linux
2 149 (8.02%) Unix
3 52 (2.80%) Windows
4 40 (2.15%) Android
5 36 (1.94%) Apple iOS
6 34 (1.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 32 (1.72%) Ubuntu
8 21 (1.13%) CentOS
9 19 (1.02%) Debian
10 8 (0.43%) Mac OS X
11 7 (0.38%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.32%) Windows Server
13 4 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
14 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
15 1 (0.054%) OpenVMS
15 1 (0.054%) Oracle Linux
15 1 (0.054%) Solaris
15 1 (0.054%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,135 (61.09%) Agile Software Development
2 834 (44.89%) Microservices
3 688 (37.03%) TDD
4 453 (24.38%) Scrum
5 368 (19.81%) DevOps
6 319 (17.17%) BDD
7 305 (16.42%) Continuous Integration
8 282 (15.18%) Test Automation
9 231 (12.43%) Open Source
10 212 (11.41%) Software Engineering
11 182 (9.80%) Kanban
12 175 (9.42%) OO
13 169 (9.10%) MVC
14 155 (8.34%) Pair Programming
15 130 (7.00%) Unit Testing
16 128 (6.89%) Problem-Solving
17 114 (6.14%) E-Commerce
18 108 (5.81%) Mentoring
19 100 (5.38%) Fintech
20 96 (5.17%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 1,711 (92.09%) Java
2 637 (34.28%) Java 8
3 508 (27.34%) JavaScript
4 452 (24.33%) SQL
5 163 (8.77%) Python
6 111 (5.97%) TypeScript
7 108 (5.81%) ES6
7 108 (5.81%) Scala
8 85 (4.57%) C#
9 69 (3.71%) PL/SQL
10 67 (3.61%) Ruby
11 65 (3.50%) Kotlin
12 53 (2.85%) Bash Shell
13 47 (2.53%) C++
14 44 (2.37%) Groovy
15 42 (2.26%) Shell Script
16 23 (1.24%) Perl
17 20 (1.08%) Apple Swift
18 18 (0.97%) C
19 17 (0.91%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 232 (12.49%) Security Cleared
2 181 (9.74%) SC Cleared
3 94 (5.06%) Degree
4 39 (2.10%) DV Cleared
5 35 (1.88%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
7 9 (0.48%) Master's Degree
7 9 (0.48%) Sun Certification
8 6 (0.32%) DBS Check
8 6 (0.32%) ISEB
8 6 (0.32%) ISTQB
8 6 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
8 6 (0.32%) OCPJP
9 5 (0.27%) CTC Cleared
10 4 (0.22%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.11%) CCNA
11 2 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.11%) CISSP
11 2 (0.11%) HND
11 2 (0.11%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (2.96%) QA
2 9 (0.48%) PMO
3 4 (0.22%) GDPR
3 4 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (0.22%) PCI DSS
4 3 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.16%) MiFID
4 3 (0.16%) PSD2
4 3 (0.16%) SEPA
5 2 (0.11%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.11%) EMIR
5 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 2 (0.11%) SLA
5 2 (0.11%) WCAG
6 1 (0.054%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.054%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.054%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 492 (26.48%) Docker
2 46 (2.48%) Postfix
3 26 (1.40%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (1.24%) vSphere
5 8 (0.43%) HDFS
6 7 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.27%) GridGain
8 4 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.16%) NFS
10 2 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.11%) vCloud
11 1 (0.054%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.054%) ISA Server
11 1 (0.054%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 288 (15.50%) Kubernetes
2 81 (4.36%) Ansible
3 71 (3.82%) Terraform
4 59 (3.18%) Puppet
5 30 (1.61%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (1.35%) Kibana
7 24 (1.29%) Grafana
8 20 (1.08%) Prometheus
9 11 (0.59%) Docker Swarm
9 11 (0.59%) Hadoop YARN
9 11 (0.59%) logstash
10 9 (0.48%) Cobbler
10 9 (0.48%) Salt
11 8 (0.43%) Consul
12 7 (0.38%) linkerd
13 5 (0.27%) Mesos
13 5 (0.27%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 5 (0.27%) Oracle Identity Manager
14 4 (0.22%) Oracle RMAN
14 4 (0.22%) Packer
Vendors
1 245 (13.19%) Oracle
2 97 (5.22%) Google
3 57 (3.07%) Microsoft
4 37 (1.99%) Red Hat
5 30 (1.61%) VMware
6 29 (1.56%) Splunk
7 26 (1.40%) Atlassian
8 23 (1.24%) MuleSoft
9 21 (1.13%) AppDynamics
10 20 (1.08%) Adobe
10 20 (1.08%) IBM
11 18 (0.97%) Cloudera
11 18 (0.97%) SAP
12 16 (0.86%) webMethods
13 14 (0.75%) hybris
14 12 (0.65%) Sybase
15 11 (0.59%) ForgeRock
16 9 (0.48%) Charles River
17 8 (0.43%) NetIQ
17 8 (0.43%) Salesforce.com