Period
to 24 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 24 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
24 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 80 63 63
Rank change year-on-year -17 0 +14
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,703 3,405 3,246
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.78% 3.81% 3.51%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.15% 11.21% 10.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,187 2,376 2,354
England median daily rate £515 £513 £486
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.49% +5.45% +8.00%
10th Percentile £400 £381 £353
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £513 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 11 7
England median hourly rate £35.00 £36.23 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.38% -19.50% -18.18%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year - -22.22% -18.18%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,622 30,372 29,893
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.35% 34.00% 32.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,927 21,588 21,483
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £331 £328 £313
90th Percentile £656 £638 £631
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £463
% change year-on-year +2.56% +5.41% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 214 251 321
England median hourly rate £42.25 £42.50 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.59% +4.94% +1.25%
10th Percentile £20.73 £18.50 £20.00
90th Percentile £76.38 £60.00 £55.60
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £42.17 £40.50
% change year-on-year -0.41% +4.13% +1.25%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in England

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 24 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 1,017 £550 - 296
North of England -16 204 £475 +5.56% 91
South East -60 193 £475 - 97
South West +10 133 £475 +5.56% 69
Midlands -18 122 £450 - 39
West Midlands +3 94 £469 +4.17% 29
Yorkshire -3 92 £488 +2.63% 41
North West -31 71 £500 +11.11% 40
North East +18 41 £425 - 10
East Midlands -14 28 £400 -11.11% 10
East of England -68 28 £475 - 42
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 24 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,609 (94.48%) Java
2 1,007 (59.13%) Agile Software Development
3 795 (46.68%) Spring Boot
4 788 (46.27%) Microservices
5 587 (34.47%) TDD
5 587 (34.47%) Java 8
6 488 (28.66%) Git (software)
7 458 (26.89%) Jenkins
8 454 (26.66%) Docker
9 440 (25.84%) AWS
10 429 (25.19%) REST
11 426 (25.01%) Maven
12 393 (23.08%) RESTful
13 392 (23.02%) SQL
13 392 (23.02%) JUnit
14 386 (22.67%) Scrum
15 378 (22.20%) JavaScript
16 367 (21.55%) AngularJS
17 366 (21.49%) Web Services
18 315 (18.50%) DevOps
19 312 (18.32%) Kubernetes
20 295 (17.32%) Continuous Integration
21 287 (16.85%) Hibernate
22 283 (16.62%) HTML
23 273 (16.03%) Test Automation
24 264 (15.50%) CSS
25 259 (15.21%) Finance
25 259 (15.21%) BDD
26 257 (15.09%) Security Cleared
27 252 (14.80%) Kafka

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (6.34%) Confluence
2 96 (5.64%) Tomcat
3 93 (5.46%) Elasticsearch
4 72 (4.23%) WebLogic
5 71 (4.17%) Apache
6 45 (2.64%) Apache Spark
7 39 (2.29%) JBoss
8 36 (2.11%) Cloud Foundry
9 30 (1.76%) WebSphere
10 22 (1.29%) Camunda
11 18 (1.06%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 12 (0.70%) CMS
13 11 (0.65%) Mule
14 9 (0.53%) Jetty
15 7 (0.41%) Red Hat Fuse
16 6 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 6 (0.35%) nginx
17 5 (0.29%) Apache Solr
17 5 (0.29%) Oracle Service Bus
17 5 (0.29%) WildFly
Applications
1 10 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (0.53%) GIMP
2 9 (0.53%) Photoshop
3 4 (0.23%) Windchill
4 1 (0.059%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.059%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.059%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (0.53%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 8 (0.47%) Oracle AML
3 7 (0.41%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.35%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.059%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.059%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.059%) ENOVIA
Cloud Services
1 440 (25.84%) AWS
2 166 (9.75%) Azure
3 91 (5.34%) GCP
4 87 (5.11%) GitHub
5 86 (5.05%) Amazon EC2
6 61 (3.58%) Amazon SQS
7 39 (2.29%) Serverless
8 35 (2.06%) OpenShift
9 25 (1.47%) AWS Lambda
10 22 (1.29%) Amazon S3
11 19 (1.12%) PaaS
12 14 (0.82%) SaaS
13 12 (0.70%) Amazon Kinesis
14 9 (0.53%) Amazon EKS
15 8 (0.47%) npm
16 7 (0.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 7 (0.41%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 7 (0.41%) Slack
17 6 (0.35%) AWS CloudFormation
17 6 (0.35%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 89 (5.23%) HTTP
2 41 (2.41%) TCP/IP
3 24 (1.41%) SSL
4 21 (1.23%) Internet
5 17 (1.00%) FTP
6 15 (0.88%) DNS
7 10 (0.59%) HTTPS
8 9 (0.53%) Kerberos
9 8 (0.47%) SSH
10 4 (0.23%) SMTP
11 3 (0.18%) DHCP
11 3 (0.18%) Firewall
11 3 (0.18%) Remote Desktop
11 3 (0.18%) Wireshark
12 2 (0.12%) Network Security
12 2 (0.12%) RTMP
13 1 (0.059%) DSL
13 1 (0.059%) LAN
13 1 (0.059%) Software-Defined Networking
13 1 (0.059%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 168 (9.86%) PostgreSQL
2 153 (8.98%) NoSQL
3 148 (8.69%) Relational Database
4 130 (7.63%) MySQL
5 101 (5.93%) MongoDB
6 92 (5.40%) SQL Server
7 72 (4.23%) Amazon RDS
8 66 (3.88%) Oracle Database
9 49 (2.88%) Big Data
10 46 (2.70%) Hadoop
11 37 (2.17%) Apache Cassandra
12 30 (1.76%) RDBMS
13 22 (1.29%) Flink
14 19 (1.12%) Oracle Database 12c
15 13 (0.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 12 (0.70%) Apache Hive
16 12 (0.70%) Redis
17 10 (0.59%) Oracle Database 10g
17 10 (0.59%) SQL Server 2012
18 9 (0.53%) HBase
Development Applications
1 488 (28.66%) Git (software)
2 458 (26.89%) Jenkins
3 426 (25.01%) Maven
4 392 (23.02%) JUnit
5 233 (13.68%) Mockito
6 192 (11.27%) JIRA
7 168 (9.86%) Gradle
8 158 (9.28%) Cucumber
9 103 (6.05%) SonarQube
10 86 (5.05%) Selenium
11 74 (4.35%) GitLab
12 67 (3.93%) jMock
12 67 (3.93%) Subversion
13 65 (3.82%) Bitbucket
14 63 (3.70%) DbUnit
15 59 (3.46%) Eclipse
16 50 (2.94%) IntelliJ
17 41 (2.41%) Ant
17 41 (2.41%) Spock
18 38 (2.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 259 (15.21%) Finance
2 165 (9.69%) Banking
3 128 (7.52%) Public Sector
4 72 (4.23%) Investment Banking
5 48 (2.82%) Front Office
6 38 (2.23%) Retail
7 35 (2.06%) Marketing
8 23 (1.35%) Games
9 18 (1.06%) Manufacturing
10 17 (1.00%) Back Office
11 16 (0.94%) Financial Institution
12 13 (0.76%) Telecoms
13 12 (0.70%) Automotive
13 12 (0.70%) Electronics
14 10 (0.59%) Retail Banking
15 5 (0.29%) Legal
15 5 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
16 4 (0.23%) Aerospace
16 4 (0.23%) Police
17 3 (0.18%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,396 (81.97%) Developer
2 1,134 (66.59%) Java Developer
3 161 (9.45%) Full Stack Developer
4 147 (8.63%) Senior Developer
5 125 (7.34%) Senior Java Developer
6 105 (6.17%) SC Cleared Java Developer
7 99 (5.81%) Java Engineer
8 94 (5.52%) AWS Developer
9 79 (4.64%) Software Engineer
10 78 (4.58%) Agile Developer
11 72 (4.23%) Backend Developer
12 71 (4.17%) Agile Java Developer
13 58 (3.41%) React Developer
14 52 (3.05%) Angular Developer
15 46 (2.70%) Architect
16 44 (2.58%) Java Software Engineer
17 38 (2.23%) Java Developer - Fintech
18 36 (2.11%) Software Developer
19 35 (2.06%) Java Software Developer
20 31 (1.82%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 795 (46.68%) Spring Boot
2 429 (25.19%) REST
3 393 (23.08%) RESTful
4 367 (21.55%) AngularJS
5 366 (21.49%) Web Services
6 287 (16.85%) Hibernate
7 283 (16.62%) HTML
8 264 (15.50%) CSS
9 252 (14.80%) Kafka
10 218 (12.80%) React
11 193 (11.33%) SOAP
12 178 (10.45%) JSON
13 152 (8.93%) Node.js
14 150 (8.81%) J2EE
15 138 (8.10%) HTML5
16 133 (7.81%) XML
17 129 (7.57%) Spring Cloud
18 128 (7.52%) JPA
19 106 (6.22%) Spring MVC
20 96 (5.64%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 131 (7.69%) Greenfield Project
2 74 (4.35%) Enterprise Software
3 67 (3.93%) User Experience
4 66 (3.88%) Mobile App
5 49 (2.88%) Analytical Skills
6 45 (2.64%) Virtual Team
7 34 (2.00%) Cloud Native
8 33 (1.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 28 (1.64%) Derivative
10 26 (1.53%) Data Structures
11 23 (1.35%) Algorithms
11 23 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
12 22 (1.29%) Fixed Income
12 22 (1.29%) Linux Command Line
13 21 (1.23%) Equity Derivative
14 20 (1.17%) Public Cloud
14 20 (1.17%) Semantic Web
15 17 (1.00%) NHS
16 14 (0.82%) Mobile Payment
17 13 (0.76%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 187 (10.98%) Linux
2 123 (7.22%) Unix
3 38 (2.23%) Windows
4 36 (2.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 30 (1.76%) Ubuntu
6 22 (1.29%) Android
7 20 (1.17%) CentOS
8 18 (1.06%) Debian
9 17 (1.00%) Apple iOS
10 9 (0.53%) Oracle Linux
11 7 (0.41%) Solaris
12 6 (0.35%) Mac OS
13 4 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
14 3 (0.18%) Mac OS X
14 3 (0.18%) Windows Server
14 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2003
15 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,007 (59.13%) Agile Software Development
2 788 (46.27%) Microservices
3 587 (34.47%) TDD
4 386 (22.67%) Scrum
5 315 (18.50%) DevOps
6 295 (17.32%) Continuous Integration
7 273 (16.03%) Test Automation
8 259 (15.21%) BDD
9 215 (12.62%) Software Engineering
10 205 (12.04%) Open Source
11 148 (8.69%) Kanban
12 140 (8.22%) MVC
13 127 (7.46%) Pair Programming
14 120 (7.05%) OO
14 120 (7.05%) Problem-Solving
15 115 (6.75%) Unit Testing
16 94 (5.52%) SDLC
17 84 (4.93%) Migration
18 82 (4.82%) Fintech
18 82 (4.82%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,609 (94.48%) Java
2 587 (34.47%) Java 8
3 392 (23.02%) SQL
4 378 (22.20%) JavaScript
5 152 (8.93%) Python
6 85 (4.99%) Scala
7 78 (4.58%) TypeScript
8 74 (4.35%) ES6
9 72 (4.23%) Kotlin
10 62 (3.64%) C#
11 60 (3.52%) PL/SQL
12 52 (3.05%) Bash Shell
12 52 (3.05%) Ruby
13 45 (2.64%) Groovy
14 43 (2.52%) C++
15 42 (2.47%) Shell Script
16 13 (0.76%) Clojure
16 13 (0.76%) ES7
16 13 (0.76%) Perl
17 10 (0.59%) R
Qualifications
1 257 (15.09%) Security Cleared
2 211 (12.39%) SC Cleared
3 77 (4.52%) Degree
4 34 (2.00%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (1.70%) DV Cleared
6 14 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
7 11 (0.65%) Master's Degree
8 8 (0.47%) Sun Certification
9 7 (0.41%) DBS Check
10 6 (0.35%) AWS Certification
10 6 (0.35%) ISEB
10 6 (0.35%) ISTQB
10 6 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
11 5 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (0.29%) OCPJP
11 5 (0.29%) SANS
12 3 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
12 3 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
13 2 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
13 2 (0.12%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (2.35%) QA
2 9 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 4 (0.23%) GDPR
3 4 (0.23%) PMO
4 3 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.18%) SEPA
5 2 (0.12%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.12%) SLA
5 2 (0.12%) WCAG
6 1 (0.059%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.059%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.059%) PSD2
System Software
1 454 (26.66%) Docker
2 48 (2.82%) Postfix
3 19 (1.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (1.06%) vSphere
5 9 (0.53%) Oracle RAC
6 7 (0.41%) HDFS
7 5 (0.29%) GridGain
8 4 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.18%) NFS
10 2 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.059%) Active Directory
11 1 (0.059%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 312 (18.32%) Kubernetes
2 69 (4.05%) Terraform
3 53 (3.11%) Ansible
4 33 (1.94%) Puppet
5 19 (1.12%) Kibana
6 14 (0.82%) Opscode Chef
7 11 (0.65%) Docker Swarm
7 11 (0.65%) Oracle RMAN
8 9 (0.53%) Data Guard
8 9 (0.53%) logstash
9 8 (0.47%) Grafana
10 7 (0.41%) Consul
11 5 (0.29%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 5 (0.29%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 5 (0.29%) Oracle Identity Manager
11 5 (0.29%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
12 4 (0.23%) Rundeck
12 4 (0.23%) Salt
13 3 (0.18%) Packer
Vendors
1 223 (13.09%) Oracle
2 98 (5.75%) Google
3 38 (2.23%) Microsoft
4 36 (2.11%) SAP
5 26 (1.53%) Red Hat
6 25 (1.47%) IBM
7 22 (1.29%) hybris
7 22 (1.29%) VMware
8 21 (1.23%) Atlassian
9 19 (1.12%) Adobe
10 17 (1.00%) MuleSoft
11 15 (0.88%) Splunk
12 12 (0.70%) Cloudera
13 10 (0.59%) AppDynamics
13 10 (0.59%) BEA
13 10 (0.59%) Talend
14 9 (0.53%) Charles River
14 9 (0.53%) Gigya
14 9 (0.53%) webMethods
14 9 (0.53%) WSO2