Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK > England
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 145 172 155
Rank change year-on-year +27 -17 -19
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 737 836 1,624
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.76% 1.56% 1.84%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.35% 7.29% 8.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 512 604 1,152
10th Percentile £363 £371 £375
25th Percentile £425 £440 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £584 £625 £575
90th Percentile £645 £700 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £515 £500
% change year-on-year -2.91% +3.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 10
10th Percentile £19.19 " £26.09
25th Percentile £23.49 £21.25 £30.08
Median hourly rate £33.32 £22.50 £43.25
Median % change year-on-year +48.09% -47.98% -6.87%
75th Percentile £45.49 £23.75 £48.18
90th Percentile £51.20 " £49.69
UK median hourly rate £33.32 £22.50 £41.50
% change year-on-year +48.09% -45.78% -4.60%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 8,826 11,464 20,081
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.14% 21.38% 22.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,130 7,907 14,116
10th Percentile £315 £325 £325
25th Percentile £405 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £488 £488
Median % change year-on-year +2.56% - +2.63%
75th Percentile £594 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 151 158 213
10th Percentile £13.50 £14.31 £14.02
25th Percentile £19.00 £18.06 £18.59
Median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year -4.00% -28.57% +16.67%
75th Percentile £44.04 £44.19 £47.50
90th Percentile £60.00 £62.16 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £26.00 £24.71 £30.00
% change year-on-year +5.22% -17.63% -1.64%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL in England.

Daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PostgreSQL in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL in England.

Hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PostgreSQL in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the England region over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -6 439 £513 -6.82% 236
South East +62 67 £450 -2.70% 60
South West +71 55 £475 - 25
North of England +45 52 £498 +5.85% 77
Midlands -16 37 £475 +2.70% 44
Yorkshire +55 28 £539 +34.69% 24
West Midlands -28 27 £495 +4.21% 32
North West +14 18 £473 +5.00% 45
East of England +32 10 £450 +7.78% 18
East Midlands +27 9 £310 -27.06% 12
North East +14 6 £458 -6.15% 8
PostgreSQL
UK

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 338 (45.86%) AWS
2 259 (35.14%) SQL
3 257 (34.87%) Java
4 243 (32.97%) Agile Software Development
5 237 (32.16%) Python
6 232 (31.48%) Docker
7 180 (24.42%) JavaScript
8 178 (24.15%) Kubernetes
9 167 (22.66%) Microservices
9 167 (22.66%) Azure
10 155 (21.03%) Security Cleared
11 146 (19.81%) Oracle
11 146 (19.81%) DevOps
12 142 (19.27%) Git (software)
13 136 (18.45%) SC Cleared
13 136 (18.45%) Linux
13 136 (18.45%) Jenkins
14 135 (18.32%) Node.js
15 133 (18.05%) MySQL
16 127 (17.23%) SQL Server
17 117 (15.88%) Software Engineering
18 114 (15.47%) REST
19 107 (14.52%) Terraform
20 103 (13.98%) Kafka
21 102 (13.84%) Spring
22 99 (13.43%) Finance
23 96 (13.03%) TDD
24 94 (12.75%) React
25 91 (12.35%) Relational Database
26 85 (11.53%) NoSQL

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (8.14%) Elasticsearch
2 45 (6.11%) Apache
3 44 (5.97%) Confluence
4 38 (5.16%) Apache Spark
5 23 (3.12%) nginx
6 18 (2.44%) Tomcat
7 14 (1.90%) Camunda
8 11 (1.49%) Apache Airflow
8 11 (1.49%) SAS
9 8 (1.09%) JBoss
10 7 (0.95%) ArcGIS
10 7 (0.95%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.68%) Cloud Foundry
12 4 (0.54%) GeoServer
12 4 (0.54%) Jetty
12 4 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 4 (0.54%) Oracle Workflow
12 4 (0.54%) Red Hat Fuse
12 4 (0.54%) WordPress
13 3 (0.41%) WebSphere
Applications
1 8 (1.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.95%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (0.68%) Adobe Campaign
1 5 (0.68%) Payment Gateway
2 3 (0.41%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 338 (45.86%) AWS
2 167 (22.66%) Azure
3 75 (10.18%) Serverless
4 62 (8.41%) AWS Lambda
5 55 (7.46%) Amazon S3
6 43 (5.83%) GCP
7 37 (5.02%) Power Platform
8 36 (4.88%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 33 (4.48%) GitHub
10 29 (3.93%) AWS CloudFormation
11 28 (3.80%) Amazon ECS
12 25 (3.39%) Amazon SQS
13 22 (2.99%) Amazon EC2
13 22 (2.99%) PaaS
14 19 (2.58%) Amazon Kinesis
15 15 (2.04%) OpenShift
15 15 (2.04%) SaaS
16 13 (1.76%) IaaS
17 12 (1.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 11 (1.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 18 (2.44%) DNS
1 18 (2.44%) HTTP
2 13 (1.76%) TCP/IP
3 11 (1.49%) SMTP
4 8 (1.09%) Internet
5 7 (0.95%) IPv4
5 7 (0.95%) IPv6
6 6 (0.81%) iSCSI
6 6 (0.81%) SMS
7 5 (0.68%) DMARC
8 4 (0.54%) Firewall
8 4 (0.54%) Network Security
8 4 (0.54%) SAN
9 3 (0.41%) LAN
9 3 (0.41%) SSL
9 3 (0.41%) WAN
10 2 (0.27%) Broadband
10 2 (0.27%) FTP
10 2 (0.27%) Kerberos
10 2 (0.27%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 133 (18.05%) MySQL
2 127 (17.23%) SQL Server
3 91 (12.35%) Relational Database
4 85 (11.53%) NoSQL
5 79 (10.72%) MongoDB
6 60 (8.14%) Data Warehouse
6 60 (8.14%) Redis
7 53 (7.19%) Amazon RDS
7 53 (7.19%) Hadoop
8 46 (6.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 36 (4.88%) Big Data
10 33 (4.48%) Oracle Database
11 29 (3.93%) Power BI
12 27 (3.66%) Apache Cassandra
13 26 (3.53%) RDBMS
14 24 (3.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 21 (2.85%) Amazon Aurora
15 21 (2.85%) Apache Hive
16 18 (2.44%) Amazon Redshift
16 18 (2.44%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 142 (19.27%) Git (software)
2 136 (18.45%) Jenkins
3 73 (9.91%) JIRA
4 47 (6.38%) GitLab
5 44 (5.97%) Maven
6 37 (5.02%) Bitbucket
7 31 (4.21%) SonarQube
8 28 (3.80%) JUnit
9 21 (2.85%) RSpec
9 21 (2.85%) Selenium
10 20 (2.71%) Sonatype Nexus
10 20 (2.71%) Visual Studio
11 18 (2.44%) Cucumber
12 16 (2.17%) Subversion
13 15 (2.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 15 (2.04%) Mockito
14 13 (1.76%) TeamCity
15 12 (1.63%) Gradle
16 11 (1.49%) Artifactory
16 11 (1.49%) CircleCI
General
1 99 (13.43%) Finance
2 56 (7.60%) Public Sector
3 40 (5.43%) Banking
4 24 (3.26%) Marketing
5 20 (2.71%) Telecoms
6 15 (2.04%) Electronics
6 15 (2.04%) Manufacturing
6 15 (2.04%) Retail
7 5 (0.68%) Investment Banking
8 4 (0.54%) Multimedia
9 3 (0.41%) Law
10 2 (0.27%) French Language
10 2 (0.27%) Front Office
10 2 (0.27%) Games
10 2 (0.27%) German Language
10 2 (0.27%) Publishing
11 1 (0.14%) Automotive
11 1 (0.14%) Back Office
11 1 (0.14%) International Banking
11 1 (0.14%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 364 (49.39%) Developer
2 100 (13.57%) Java Developer
3 79 (10.72%) Senior Developer
4 66 (8.96%) Python Developer
5 63 (8.55%) Architect
6 54 (7.33%) Data Engineer
6 54 (7.33%) Full Stack Developer
7 42 (5.70%) AWS Developer
8 37 (5.02%) Software Engineer
9 35 (4.75%) DevOps Engineer
10 31 (4.21%) DBA
11 30 (4.07%) Consultant
12 28 (3.80%) AWS Engineer
12 28 (3.80%) React Developer
13 27 (3.66%) Analyst
14 25 (3.39%) Data Analyst
15 24 (3.26%) Node.js Developer
16 23 (3.12%) SC Cleared Java Developer
17 21 (2.85%) Senior Java Developer
17 21 (2.85%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 135 (18.32%) Node.js
2 114 (15.47%) REST
3 103 (13.98%) Kafka
4 102 (13.84%) Spring
5 94 (12.75%) React
6 83 (11.26%) Spring Boot
7 72 (9.77%) JSON
7 72 (9.77%) RESTful
7 72 (9.77%) Web Services
8 68 (9.23%) HTML
9 52 (7.06%) CSS
10 48 (6.51%) .NET
11 43 (5.83%) AngularJS
12 42 (5.70%) RabbitMQ
12 42 (5.70%) Ruby on Rails
13 39 (5.29%) Django
14 34 (4.61%) Redux
15 32 (4.34%) Elastic Stack
15 32 (4.34%) Express
15 32 (4.34%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 46 (6.24%) Analytical Skills
2 33 (4.48%) Data Structures
3 25 (3.39%) Cloud Native
4 23 (3.12%) Clustering
5 16 (2.17%) Enterprise Software
5 16 (2.17%) Greenfield Project
6 15 (2.04%) User Experience
7 14 (1.90%) Linux Command Line
8 13 (1.76%) Algorithms
9 12 (1.63%) Mobile App
9 12 (1.63%) Public Cloud
10 10 (1.36%) Reference Data
10 10 (1.36%) Replication
11 9 (1.22%) Management Information System
12 8 (1.09%) NHS
13 7 (0.95%) Data Centre
13 7 (0.95%) Self-Motivation
14 5 (0.68%) Marketing Technology
15 4 (0.54%) N-Tier
16 3 (0.41%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 136 (18.45%) Linux
2 42 (5.70%) Unix
3 23 (3.12%) Windows
4 17 (2.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 14 (1.90%) Android
5 14 (1.90%) Apple iOS
6 12 (1.63%) CentOS
7 11 (1.49%) Mac OS X
8 8 (1.09%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.54%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.27%) Alpine Linux
10 2 (0.27%) Amazon Linux
11 1 (0.14%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.14%) Debian
11 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 243 (32.97%) Agile Software Development
2 167 (22.66%) Microservices
3 146 (19.81%) DevOps
4 117 (15.88%) Software Engineering
5 96 (13.03%) TDD
6 80 (10.85%) Open Source
7 77 (10.45%) Scrum
8 73 (9.91%) Continuous Integration
9 69 (9.36%) Test Automation
10 65 (8.82%) Migration
11 64 (8.68%) ETL
12 61 (8.28%) Data Modelling
13 57 (7.73%) Analytics
14 55 (7.46%) Configuration Management
15 54 (7.33%) Business Intelligence
16 45 (6.11%) Problem-Solving
16 45 (6.11%) Unit Testing
17 41 (5.56%) BDD
18 40 (5.43%) Data Management
18 40 (5.43%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 259 (35.14%) SQL
2 257 (34.87%) Java
3 237 (32.16%) Python
4 180 (24.42%) JavaScript
5 67 (9.09%) Ruby
6 55 (7.46%) Java 8
7 44 (5.97%) C#
8 43 (5.83%) TypeScript
9 42 (5.70%) ES6
10 36 (4.88%) Go
11 33 (4.48%) Scala
12 27 (3.66%) Bash Shell
12 27 (3.66%) C++
12 27 (3.66%) PHP
13 26 (3.53%) C
14 19 (2.58%) R
15 18 (2.44%) Groovy
15 18 (2.44%) PL/SQL
16 17 (2.31%) Shell Script
17 15 (2.04%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 155 (21.03%) Security Cleared
2 136 (18.45%) SC Cleared
3 25 (3.39%) Degree
4 19 (2.58%) AWS Certification
5 8 (1.09%) Computer Science Degree
6 7 (0.95%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (0.95%) SAS Certification
7 6 (0.81%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.54%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
10 1 (0.14%) BC Cleared
10 1 (0.14%) CCNA
10 1 (0.14%) CCNP
10 1 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.14%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.14%) ISEB
10 1 (0.14%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.14%) MCSE
10 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.14%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (4.88%) Data Quality
2 17 (2.31%) QA
3 9 (1.22%) GDPR
4 4 (0.54%) WCAG
5 3 (0.41%) HIPAA
5 3 (0.41%) HL7
5 3 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 2 (0.27%) ISO 9000
6 2 (0.27%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.27%) SLA
7 1 (0.14%) PMO
System Software
1 232 (31.48%) Docker
2 11 (1.49%) HDFS
3 9 (1.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 8 (1.09%) Oracle RAC
5 6 (0.81%) GlusterFS
6 3 (0.41%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.27%) iptables
7 2 (0.27%) KVM
7 2 (0.27%) Postfix
8 1 (0.14%) Firmware
8 1 (0.14%) GPFS
8 1 (0.14%) NFS
8 1 (0.14%) OpenAM
8 1 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.14%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 178 (24.15%) Kubernetes
2 107 (14.52%) Terraform
3 65 (8.82%) Ansible
4 32 (4.34%) Puppet
5 20 (2.71%) Grafana
6 18 (2.44%) Prometheus
7 17 (2.31%) Kibana
7 17 (2.31%) Opscode Chef
8 9 (1.22%) Control-M
8 9 (1.22%) Oozie
9 8 (1.09%) Hadoop YARN
10 6 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
10 6 (0.81%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
10 6 (0.81%) Istio
10 6 (0.81%) Red Hat Satellite
10 6 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
11 5 (0.68%) logstash
11 5 (0.68%) Rancher
12 4 (0.54%) Foglight
12 4 (0.54%) Packer
Vendors
1 146 (19.81%) Oracle
2 53 (7.19%) Microsoft
3 48 (6.51%) Google
4 25 (3.39%) Red Hat
5 22 (2.99%) Informatica
6 21 (2.85%) Atlassian
7 16 (2.17%) SAP
8 13 (1.76%) Splunk
8 13 (1.76%) Teradata
9 12 (1.63%) IBM
10 11 (1.49%) Adobe
11 7 (0.95%) Dynatrace
11 7 (0.95%) F5
11 7 (0.95%) MuleSoft
12 6 (0.81%) AppDynamics
12 6 (0.81%) Apple
12 6 (0.81%) Databricks
12 6 (0.81%) WorldPay
13 5 (0.68%) Sparx
13 5 (0.68%) Sybase