Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK > England
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 151 132 164
Rank change year-on-year -19 +32 +6
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 1,364 1,932 1,562
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.77% 2.03% 1.65%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.23% 8.95% 7.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 924 1,369 1,143
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £375
90th Percentile £675 £625 £645
UK median daily rate £518 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +3.50% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 9 4
England median hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £29.74
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% +17.68% +128.79%
10th Percentile £25.00 £33.30 £21.59
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.60 £41.13
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £29.74
% change year-on-year +14.29% +17.68% +98.28%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 16,572 21,577 20,914
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.56% 22.62% 22.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,339 15,188 14,451
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £319 £312
90th Percentile £663 £644 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 234 224 259
England median hourly rate £32.00 £33.50 £31.31
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.48% +6.99% +11.82%
10th Percentile £13.99 £14.00 £14.25
90th Percentile £72.35 £56.94 £54.00
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £32.50 £30.88
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +9.56%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PostgreSQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PostgreSQL in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PostgreSQL in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the England region over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 913 £525 - 258
South East -27 134 £450 -2.44% 64
North of England -83 105 £475 -4.28% 64
Midlands +36 95 £475 +7.95% 38
West Midlands +25 73 £475 +7.95% 22
South West -8 69 £450 +5.88% 28
North West -72 53 £450 -15.09% 33
East of England -4 47 £500 -9.09% 30
Yorkshire -24 31 £475 -2.81% 17
East Midlands +21 22 £388 -6.06% 16
North East -21 21 £500 +25.00% 14
PostgreSQL
UK

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 604 (44.28%) Agile Software Development
2 547 (40.10%) AWS
3 540 (39.59%) SQL
4 524 (38.42%) Python
5 520 (38.12%) Java
6 392 (28.74%) Docker
7 389 (28.52%) MySQL
8 325 (23.83%) Microservices
9 313 (22.95%) DevOps
10 310 (22.73%) Git (software)
11 305 (22.36%) Linux
12 301 (22.07%) Oracle
13 287 (21.04%) Security Cleared
14 267 (19.57%) TDD
15 264 (19.35%) Azure
16 253 (18.55%) JavaScript
17 249 (18.26%) Kubernetes
18 242 (17.74%) MongoDB
19 239 (17.52%) Web Services
20 236 (17.30%) Jenkins
21 233 (17.08%) NoSQL
22 232 (17.01%) Relational Database
23 229 (16.79%) SQL Server
24 226 (16.57%) SC Cleared
25 209 (15.32%) Scrum
26 204 (14.96%) REST
27 185 (13.56%) Finance
28 184 (13.49%) Continuous Integration
29 182 (13.34%) Node.js
30 175 (12.83%) Spring

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 172 (12.61%) Elasticsearch
2 105 (7.70%) Apache Spark
2 105 (7.70%) Confluence
3 70 (5.13%) Apache
4 61 (4.47%) Tomcat
5 45 (3.30%) JBoss
6 35 (2.57%) nginx
7 34 (2.49%) WebLogic
8 29 (2.13%) GeoServer
9 26 (1.91%) SAS
10 23 (1.69%) Apache Airflow
10 23 (1.69%) MQSeries
11 22 (1.61%) OpenStack
12 19 (1.39%) ArcGIS
13 16 (1.17%) Drupal
13 16 (1.17%) Luigi
14 12 (0.88%) Jupyter
15 11 (0.81%) CMS
15 11 (0.81%) SharePoint
16 9 (0.66%) IIS
Applications
1 12 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.15%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 30 (2.20%) FINCAD Analytics
2 18 (1.32%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 8 (0.59%) PolarLake
3 8 (0.59%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 6 (0.44%) Markit EDM
5 4 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
7 2 (0.15%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.073%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.073%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.073%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 547 (40.10%) AWS
2 264 (19.35%) Azure
3 151 (11.07%) GCP
4 93 (6.82%) Amazon EC2
5 91 (6.67%) Amazon S3
6 85 (6.23%) Amazon SQS
7 77 (5.65%) Serverless
8 63 (4.62%) AWS Lambda
9 61 (4.47%) GitHub
10 40 (2.93%) Cloud Computing
11 38 (2.79%) AWS Step Functions
12 30 (2.20%) Heroku
13 29 (2.13%) AWS CloudFormation
14 27 (1.98%) Amazon ECS
15 25 (1.83%) PaaS
16 23 (1.69%) Amazon EKS
17 22 (1.61%) Power Platform
18 19 (1.39%) Amazon EMR
19 16 (1.17%) Amazon Cognito
19 16 (1.17%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 50 (3.67%) HTTP
2 30 (2.20%) TCP/IP
3 28 (2.05%) SSL
4 27 (1.98%) VPN
5 25 (1.83%) DNS
6 22 (1.61%) SSH
7 20 (1.47%) FTP
8 19 (1.39%) AMQP
9 13 (0.95%) DHCP
9 13 (0.95%) Internet
10 9 (0.66%) Firewall
11 5 (0.37%) HTTPS
11 5 (0.37%) Kerberos
11 5 (0.37%) OpenLDAP
11 5 (0.37%) Skype
11 5 (0.37%) SMTP
11 5 (0.37%) Wi-Fi
12 4 (0.29%) Intrusion Detection
12 4 (0.29%) LAN
13 3 (0.22%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 389 (28.52%) MySQL
2 242 (17.74%) MongoDB
3 233 (17.08%) NoSQL
4 232 (17.01%) Relational Database
5 229 (16.79%) SQL Server
6 123 (9.02%) RDBMS
7 116 (8.50%) Hadoop
8 94 (6.89%) Big Data
9 87 (6.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 84 (6.16%) Amazon Aurora
11 83 (6.09%) Amazon RDS
11 83 (6.09%) Oracle Database
12 73 (5.35%) Amazon Redshift
12 73 (5.35%) Apache Cassandra
13 66 (4.84%) Redis
14 58 (4.25%) DB2
15 54 (3.96%) Data Warehouse
16 51 (3.74%) Apache Hive
17 47 (3.45%) Neo4j
18 46 (3.37%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 310 (22.73%) Git (software)
2 236 (17.30%) Jenkins
3 154 (11.29%) JIRA
4 113 (8.28%) Maven
5 91 (6.67%) JUnit
6 76 (5.57%) Mockito
7 64 (4.69%) Selenium
8 58 (4.25%) Cucumber
9 55 (4.03%) SonarQube
10 52 (3.81%) GitLab
11 41 (3.01%) DbUnit
11 41 (3.01%) jMock
12 40 (2.93%) Subversion
13 39 (2.86%) Bitbucket
14 37 (2.71%) Sonatype Nexus
15 34 (2.49%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 32 (2.35%) Gradle
17 21 (1.54%) Vagrant
18 20 (1.47%) CircleCI
18 20 (1.47%) Mocha
General
1 185 (13.56%) Finance
2 119 (8.72%) Public Sector
3 87 (6.38%) Banking
4 57 (4.18%) Front Office
5 46 (3.37%) Marketing
6 35 (2.57%) Retail
7 19 (1.39%) Legal
8 16 (1.17%) Games
8 16 (1.17%) Telecoms
9 14 (1.03%) Electronics
10 13 (0.95%) Manufacturing
11 12 (0.88%) Investment Banking
12 10 (0.73%) Law
13 6 (0.44%) Advertising
14 5 (0.37%) Publishing
15 4 (0.29%) Back Office
15 4 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
16 3 (0.22%) Financial Institution
17 2 (0.15%) Automotive
18 1 (0.073%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 735 (53.89%) Developer
2 215 (15.76%) Java Developer
3 148 (10.85%) Python Developer
4 106 (7.77%) Senior Developer
5 96 (7.04%) Architect
6 92 (6.74%) DevOps Engineer
7 88 (6.45%) DBA
8 81 (5.94%) Data Engineer
9 80 (5.87%) AWS Engineer
10 72 (5.28%) AWS Developer
11 60 (4.40%) Python Engineer
12 59 (4.33%) Software Engineer
13 44 (3.23%) Java Engineer
14 42 (3.08%) Backend Developer
14 42 (3.08%) Ruby Developer
15 41 (3.01%) Oracle DBA
16 40 (2.93%) SC Cleared Java Developer
17 39 (2.86%) Senior Python Developer
18 38 (2.79%) C# Developer
18 38 (2.79%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 239 (17.52%) Web Services
2 204 (14.96%) REST
3 182 (13.34%) Node.js
4 175 (12.83%) Spring
5 137 (10.04%) Kafka
6 132 (9.68%) HTML
7 127 (9.31%) RESTful
8 124 (9.09%) JSON
9 121 (8.87%) CSS
10 109 (7.99%) XML
11 107 (7.84%) SOAP
12 105 (7.70%) Hibernate
13 102 (7.48%) AngularJS
14 93 (6.82%) J2EE
15 89 (6.52%) React
16 84 (6.16%) Django
17 82 (6.01%) RabbitMQ
18 78 (5.72%) ActiveMQ
19 70 (5.13%) Ruby on Rails
20 66 (4.84%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 74 (5.43%) Analytical Skills
2 64 (4.69%) Derivative
3 61 (4.47%) Algorithms
4 47 (3.45%) Greenfield Project
5 40 (2.93%) User Experience
6 39 (2.86%) Fixed Income
7 36 (2.64%) Clustering
8 35 (2.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 34 (2.49%) Equity Derivative
9 34 (2.49%) Hedge funds
10 33 (2.42%) Public Cloud
11 31 (2.27%) Data Structures
12 30 (2.20%) Replication
13 26 (1.91%) Data Centre
14 24 (1.76%) Self-Motivation
15 23 (1.69%) Pricing Data
16 19 (1.39%) Management Information System
16 19 (1.39%) Mobile App
17 15 (1.10%) Cloud Native
17 15 (1.10%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 305 (22.36%) Linux
2 93 (6.82%) Windows
3 68 (4.99%) Unix
4 52 (3.81%) Windows Server
5 45 (3.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 37 (2.71%) Ubuntu
7 36 (2.64%) CentOS
8 15 (1.10%) Android
9 13 (0.95%) Apple iOS
9 13 (0.95%) Debian
10 11 (0.81%) Mac OS
10 11 (0.81%) Mac OS X
11 6 (0.44%) CoreOS
11 6 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
12 5 (0.37%) Oracle Linux
13 3 (0.22%) AIX
13 3 (0.22%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.15%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 604 (44.28%) Agile Software Development
2 325 (23.83%) Microservices
3 313 (22.95%) DevOps
4 267 (19.57%) TDD
5 209 (15.32%) Scrum
6 184 (13.49%) Continuous Integration
7 175 (12.83%) Software Engineering
8 168 (12.32%) Open Source
9 157 (11.51%) BDD
10 151 (11.07%) Data Science
11 140 (10.26%) Analytics
12 115 (8.43%) Migration
13 102 (7.48%) ETL
14 99 (7.26%) Test Automation
15 91 (6.67%) Front End Development
16 90 (6.60%) Kanban
16 90 (6.60%) Machine Learning
16 90 (6.60%) Problem-Solving
17 86 (6.30%) Data Modelling
18 84 (6.16%) Data Management
Programming Languages
1 540 (39.59%) SQL
2 524 (38.42%) Python
3 520 (38.12%) Java
4 253 (18.55%) JavaScript
5 149 (10.92%) Ruby
6 98 (7.18%) Scala
7 92 (6.74%) C#
8 86 (6.30%) Bash Shell
9 82 (6.01%) Java 8
10 77 (5.65%) PL/SQL
11 72 (5.28%) C++
12 66 (4.84%) Shell Script
13 60 (4.40%) PowerShell
14 48 (3.52%) TypeScript
15 46 (3.37%) PHP
15 46 (3.37%) R
16 45 (3.30%) Go
17 40 (2.93%) Perl
18 37 (2.71%) T-SQL
19 26 (1.91%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 287 (21.04%) Security Cleared
2 226 (16.57%) SC Cleared
3 40 (2.93%) DV Cleared
4 35 (2.57%) Degree
5 21 (1.54%) Computer Science Degree
6 17 (1.25%) BPSS Clearance
7 12 (0.88%) PhD
8 9 (0.66%) Master's Degree
9 6 (0.44%) DBS Check
10 5 (0.37%) SAS Certification
11 3 (0.22%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.22%) CHECK Team Member
12 2 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
12 2 (0.15%) Sun Certification
13 1 (0.073%) ISEB
13 1 (0.073%) ISTQB
13 1 (0.073%) MCSA
13 1 (0.073%) Microsoft Certification
13 1 (0.073%) OCP
13 1 (0.073%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (2.05%) QA
2 15 (1.10%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.66%) PCI DSS
4 3 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.22%) GDPR
5 2 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.15%) PMO
6 1 (0.073%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 392 (28.74%) Docker
2 41 (3.01%) VMware Infrastructure
3 31 (2.27%) Postfix
4 27 (1.98%) Oracle RAC
5 19 (1.39%) Active Directory
6 14 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (0.88%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.88%) vSphere
8 9 (0.66%) Virtual Servers
8 9 (0.66%) VirtualBox
9 8 (0.59%) oVirt
10 5 (0.37%) Apache Flume
11 4 (0.29%) HDFS
11 4 (0.29%) pfSense
12 3 (0.22%) Ceph
12 3 (0.22%) KVM
12 3 (0.22%) NFS
12 3 (0.22%) VMware Server
13 2 (0.15%) RACF
14 1 (0.073%) iptables
Systems Management
1 249 (18.26%) Kubernetes
2 116 (8.50%) Terraform
3 113 (8.28%) Ansible
4 89 (6.52%) Puppet
5 51 (3.74%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (1.91%) Salt
7 24 (1.76%) Docker Swarm
8 22 (1.61%) Packer
9 20 (1.47%) Kibana
10 17 (1.25%) Prometheus
11 16 (1.17%) Data Guard
11 16 (1.17%) Host Intrusion Detection System
11 16 (1.17%) Network Intrusion Detection System
12 13 (0.95%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
12 13 (0.95%) Grafana
12 13 (0.95%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 11 (0.81%) logstash
14 10 (0.73%) Nagios
15 9 (0.66%) ZABBIX
16 8 (0.59%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 301 (22.07%) Oracle
2 118 (8.65%) Google
3 99 (7.26%) Microsoft
4 84 (6.16%) Sybase
5 58 (4.25%) Red Hat
6 53 (3.89%) VMware
7 41 (3.01%) IBM
8 32 (2.35%) Atlassian
8 32 (2.35%) Tableau
9 30 (2.20%) Cloudera
10 29 (2.13%) HP
11 27 (1.98%) Talend
12 26 (1.91%) MuleSoft
13 23 (1.69%) Axway
14 22 (1.61%) Hortonworks
15 19 (1.39%) Sparx
16 18 (1.32%) ESRI
17 16 (1.17%) Splunk
17 16 (1.17%) Teradata
18 15 (1.10%) Salesforce.com