Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 156 183 161
Rank change year-on-year +27 -22 -36
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 869 595 1,452
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.77% 1.53% 1.75%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.54% 6.93% 7.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 608 452 1,024
10th Percentile £400 £377 £375
25th Percentile £438 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £550 £500
Median % change year-on-year -9.09% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £588 £650 £575
90th Percentile £638 £750 £663
UK median daily rate £500 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 6
10th Percentile £22.06 " £31.75
25th Percentile £30.66 " £43.98
Median hourly rate £50.00 £66.00 £50.45
Median % change year-on-year -24.24% +30.82% +8.05%
75th Percentile £56.41 " £53.75
90th Percentile £57.25 " £57.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £66.00 £50.45
% change year-on-year -24.24% +30.82% +9.22%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 10,172 8,580 18,666
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.75% 22.00% 22.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,059 6,005 13,095
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £413 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £480
Median % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
75th Percentile £600 £594 £575
90th Percentile £698 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 169 121 204
10th Percentile £11.37 £12.63 £14.00
25th Percentile £18.50 £18.00 £17.44
Median hourly rate £25.00 £24.70 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +1.21% -17.67% -3.23%
75th Percentile £48.75 £44.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £64.60 £61.25 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £27.00 £24.70 £30.00
% change year-on-year +9.31% -17.67% -7.69%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL in England.

Daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PostgreSQL in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL in England.

Hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PostgreSQL in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the England region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 528 £525 -8.70% 288
South East +28 79 £497 +4.53% 69
South West +31 54 £450 -10.00% 34
North of England +19 53 £500 +5.26% 63
Midlands -11 44 £475 - 38
West Midlands -13 37 £475 - 28
Yorkshire +33 27 £531 +18.06% 24
North East +18 14 £475 -18.45% 5
North West -13 12 £498 +10.56% 34
East of England -2 11 £438 -16.67% 35
East Midlands +5 6 £310 -26.63% 10
PostgreSQL
UK

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 402 (46.26%) AWS
2 325 (37.40%) SQL
3 302 (34.75%) Agile Software Development
4 290 (33.37%) Java
5 274 (31.53%) Docker
6 265 (30.49%) Python
7 223 (25.66%) Azure
8 201 (23.13%) Kubernetes
9 197 (22.67%) Microservices
10 194 (22.32%) JavaScript
10 194 (22.32%) Oracle
11 174 (20.02%) Git (software)
12 164 (18.87%) DevOps
13 158 (18.18%) Jenkins
14 154 (17.72%) MySQL
14 154 (17.72%) Security Cleared
15 145 (16.69%) Software Engineering
16 141 (16.23%) SQL Server
17 140 (16.11%) Spring
18 138 (15.88%) Node.js
19 133 (15.30%) SC Cleared
19 133 (15.30%) Linux
20 132 (15.19%) REST
21 124 (14.27%) Scrum
22 117 (13.46%) Finance
23 112 (12.89%) Relational Database
24 110 (12.66%) Terraform
25 109 (12.54%) React
26 108 (12.43%) NoSQL
27 102 (11.74%) Spring Boot

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (6.33%) Confluence
2 54 (6.21%) Apache Spark
3 50 (5.75%) Elasticsearch
4 35 (4.03%) Apache
5 26 (2.99%) Tomcat
6 25 (2.88%) nginx
7 24 (2.76%) SAS
8 22 (2.53%) Apache Airflow
9 15 (1.73%) Luigi
10 14 (1.61%) Camunda
11 11 (1.27%) Oracle Workflow
12 7 (0.81%) ArcGIS
13 6 (0.69%) OpenStack
14 5 (0.58%) JBoss
15 4 (0.46%) Jetty
15 4 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 3 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
16 3 (0.35%) GeoServer
16 3 (0.35%) WebSphere
16 3 (0.35%) WordPress
Applications
1 8 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.12%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 8 (0.92%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (0.58%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 402 (46.26%) AWS
2 223 (25.66%) Azure
3 93 (10.70%) Serverless
4 80 (9.21%) GCP
5 69 (7.94%) AWS Lambda
6 63 (7.25%) Amazon S3
7 53 (6.10%) Power Platform
8 38 (4.37%) GitHub
9 31 (3.57%) Amazon EC2
10 30 (3.45%) AWS CloudFormation
11 29 (3.34%) OpenShift
12 27 (3.11%) PaaS
13 24 (2.76%) Amazon SQS
13 24 (2.76%) IaaS
13 24 (2.76%) SaaS
14 23 (2.65%) Snowflake
15 17 (1.96%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 16 (1.84%) Amazon ECS
17 14 (1.61%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 14 (1.61%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 25 (2.88%) HTTP
2 15 (1.73%) DNS
3 12 (1.38%) Firewall
3 12 (1.38%) SAN
4 9 (1.04%) TCP/IP
5 8 (0.92%) SMTP
6 7 (0.81%) LAN
6 7 (0.81%) WAN
7 6 (0.69%) Internet
7 6 (0.69%) IPv4
7 6 (0.69%) SMS
7 6 (0.69%) SNMP
8 5 (0.58%) DMARC
9 4 (0.46%) DHCP
9 4 (0.46%) NAS
9 4 (0.46%) Network Security
9 4 (0.46%) SSH
9 4 (0.46%) SSL
9 4 (0.46%) TACACS
9 4 (0.46%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 154 (17.72%) MySQL
2 141 (16.23%) SQL Server
3 112 (12.89%) Relational Database
4 108 (12.43%) NoSQL
5 99 (11.39%) MongoDB
6 83 (9.55%) Hadoop
7 81 (9.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 77 (8.86%) Data Warehouse
9 71 (8.17%) Redis
10 64 (7.36%) Amazon RDS
11 63 (7.25%) Big Data
12 45 (5.18%) Power BI
13 40 (4.60%) Oracle Database
14 36 (4.14%) Apache Cassandra
15 32 (3.68%) Amazon Aurora
15 32 (3.68%) Amazon Redshift
16 30 (3.45%) RDBMS
17 26 (2.99%) BigQuery
18 24 (2.76%) Apache Hive
18 24 (2.76%) DB2
Development Applications
1 174 (20.02%) Git (software)
2 158 (18.18%) Jenkins
3 94 (10.82%) JIRA
4 69 (7.94%) Maven
5 57 (6.56%) GitLab
6 50 (5.75%) Bitbucket
7 42 (4.83%) JUnit
8 40 (4.60%) SonarQube
9 27 (3.11%) Cucumber
10 23 (2.65%) Subversion
11 20 (2.30%) Visual Studio
12 19 (2.19%) Mockito
12 19 (2.19%) RSpec
12 19 (2.19%) Sonatype Nexus
13 17 (1.96%) Postman
13 17 (1.96%) Selenium
14 13 (1.50%) Eclipse
14 13 (1.50%) Mocha
14 13 (1.50%) TestNG
15 11 (1.27%) Gradle
General
1 117 (13.46%) Finance
2 86 (9.90%) Social Skills
3 66 (7.59%) Public Sector
4 43 (4.95%) Analytical Skills
5 40 (4.60%) Banking
6 27 (3.11%) Marketing
7 26 (2.99%) Retail
8 19 (2.19%) Presentation Skills
9 16 (1.84%) Telecoms
10 15 (1.73%) Electronics
10 15 (1.73%) Manufacturing
11 10 (1.15%) Law
12 7 (0.81%) Influencing Skills
13 5 (0.58%) Financial Institution
13 5 (0.58%) Investment Banking
14 4 (0.46%) Multimedia
14 4 (0.46%) Music Industry
14 4 (0.46%) Publishing
15 3 (0.35%) Games
15 3 (0.35%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 410 (47.18%) Developer
2 114 (13.12%) Java Developer
3 91 (10.47%) Senior Developer
4 81 (9.32%) Data Engineer
5 73 (8.40%) Python Developer
6 53 (6.10%) Architect
7 51 (5.87%) Full Stack Developer
8 46 (5.29%) Software Engineer
9 44 (5.06%) DevOps Engineer
10 36 (4.14%) AWS Developer
11 34 (3.91%) Consultant
11 34 (3.91%) DBA
12 31 (3.57%) Analyst
13 29 (3.34%) AWS Engineer
14 27 (3.11%) Data Analyst
15 26 (2.99%) React Developer
16 22 (2.53%) Ruby on Rails Developer
16 22 (2.53%) SC Cleared Java Developer
16 22 (2.53%) Software Developer
17 19 (2.19%) Ruby Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 140 (16.11%) Spring
2 138 (15.88%) Node.js
3 132 (15.19%) REST
4 109 (12.54%) React
5 102 (11.74%) Spring Boot
6 99 (11.39%) Kafka
7 78 (8.98%) RESTful
8 71 (8.17%) HTML
8 71 (8.17%) Web Services
9 68 (7.83%) JSON
10 66 (7.59%) .NET
11 58 (6.67%) CSS
12 55 (6.33%) AngularJS
13 49 (5.64%) GraphQL
14 48 (5.52%) Django
15 44 (5.06%) Ruby on Rails
16 42 (4.83%) SOAP
17 34 (3.91%) Express
18 33 (3.80%) Redux
19 32 (3.68%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 46 (5.29%) Data Structures
2 23 (2.65%) Clustering
2 23 (2.65%) Data Centre
2 23 (2.65%) Public Cloud
3 22 (2.53%) Management Information System
4 20 (2.30%) Cloud Native
5 17 (1.96%) Algorithms
5 17 (1.96%) User Experience
6 16 (1.84%) Linux Command Line
7 14 (1.61%) Greenfield Project
7 14 (1.61%) NHS
8 8 (0.92%) Enterprise Software
8 8 (0.92%) Mainframe
8 8 (0.92%) Mobile App
9 7 (0.81%) Reference Data
9 7 (0.81%) Replication
10 6 (0.69%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (0.58%) Marketing Technology
11 5 (0.58%) Private Cloud
12 4 (0.46%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 133 (15.30%) Linux
2 63 (7.25%) Unix
3 38 (4.37%) Windows
4 12 (1.38%) Android
4 12 (1.38%) Apple iOS
4 12 (1.38%) Mac OS X
5 11 (1.27%) Windows Server
6 9 (1.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.81%) CentOS
7 7 (0.81%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.35%) Windows 10
8 3 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (0.35%) Windows Server 2016
8 3 (0.35%) Windows Server 2019
9 2 (0.23%) Amazon Linux
10 1 (0.12%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.12%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 302 (34.75%) Agile Software Development
2 197 (22.67%) Microservices
3 164 (18.87%) DevOps
4 145 (16.69%) Software Engineering
5 124 (14.27%) Scrum
6 93 (10.70%) TDD
7 87 (10.01%) Analytics
8 85 (9.78%) Test Automation
9 79 (9.09%) Open Source
10 78 (8.98%) Business Intelligence
11 76 (8.75%) ETL
12 71 (8.17%) Migration
13 70 (8.06%) Continuous Integration
14 69 (7.94%) Data Modelling
15 57 (6.56%) Data Science
16 54 (6.21%) Data Pipeline
17 52 (5.98%) BDD
17 52 (5.98%) Infrastructure as Code
18 51 (5.87%) Mentoring
19 50 (5.75%) OO
Programming Languages
1 325 (37.40%) SQL
2 290 (33.37%) Java
3 265 (30.49%) Python
4 194 (22.32%) JavaScript
5 65 (7.48%) Java 8
6 63 (7.25%) Ruby
7 60 (6.90%) C#
8 53 (6.10%) Scala
9 49 (5.64%) Go
10 43 (4.95%) ES6
11 42 (4.83%) TypeScript
12 35 (4.03%) PHP
13 31 (3.57%) PL/SQL
14 29 (3.34%) C
14 29 (3.34%) C++
15 25 (2.88%) Bash Shell
15 25 (2.88%) Groovy
15 25 (2.88%) PowerShell
15 25 (2.88%) R
16 18 (2.07%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 154 (17.72%) Security Cleared
2 133 (15.30%) SC Cleared
3 38 (4.37%) Degree
4 19 (2.19%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (1.84%) AWS Certification
6 10 (1.15%) SAS Certification
7 8 (0.92%) Master's Degree
8 7 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.46%) DV Cleared
9 4 (0.46%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.23%) CCIE
10 2 (0.23%) CCNP
10 2 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.23%) ISEB
10 2 (0.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 1 (0.12%) CBAP
11 1 (0.12%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.12%) OCP
11 1 (0.12%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (4.72%) Data Quality
2 29 (3.34%) QA
3 15 (1.73%) GDPR
4 12 (1.38%) Accessibility
5 7 (0.81%) HL7
6 6 (0.69%) SLA
7 5 (0.58%) HIPAA
7 5 (0.58%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.23%) ISO 9000
8 2 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.23%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.23%) PMO
8 2 (0.23%) WCAG
System Software
1 274 (31.53%) Docker
2 16 (1.84%) Active Directory
3 11 (1.27%) HDFS
4 9 (1.04%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.69%) Oracle RAC
6 5 (0.58%) vSphere
7 4 (0.46%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.35%) RACF
9 2 (0.23%) GlusterFS
9 2 (0.23%) iptables
9 2 (0.23%) KVM
9 2 (0.23%) Postfix
9 2 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.12%) OpenAM
10 1 (0.12%) Shibboleth
10 1 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.12%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 201 (23.13%) Kubernetes
2 110 (12.66%) Terraform
3 57 (6.56%) Ansible
4 18 (2.07%) Puppet
5 17 (1.96%) Grafana
5 17 (1.96%) Kibana
6 14 (1.61%) Rancher
7 13 (1.50%) Opscode Chef
7 13 (1.50%) Prometheus
8 8 (0.92%) SCCM
9 7 (0.81%) Nagios
10 6 (0.69%) Control-M
10 6 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
11 5 (0.58%) Oracle RMAN
12 4 (0.46%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
12 4 (0.46%) HP NNM
12 4 (0.46%) Istio
12 4 (0.46%) logstash
12 4 (0.46%) Packer
12 4 (0.46%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 194 (22.32%) Oracle
2 74 (8.52%) Microsoft
3 57 (6.56%) Google
4 30 (3.45%) Atlassian
5 28 (3.22%) Informatica
6 23 (2.65%) SAP
7 20 (2.30%) Databricks
8 17 (1.96%) Red Hat
8 17 (1.96%) Teradata
9 15 (1.73%) IBM
10 12 (1.38%) Talend
10 12 (1.38%) VMware
11 9 (1.04%) Alteryx
11 9 (1.04%) Splunk
11 9 (1.04%) WorldPay
12 6 (0.69%) Apple
12 6 (0.69%) EMC
12 6 (0.69%) F5
12 6 (0.69%) Hortonworks
12 6 (0.69%) HP