Period
to 25 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 25 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK > England
6 months to
25 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 156 128 178
Rank change year-on-year -28 +50 +38
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 1,524 1,868 1,269
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.75% 2.02% 1.50%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 7.85% 9.01% 6.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,059 1,358 838
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £345
90th Percentile £650 £625 £599
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 13 14
England median hourly rate £40.75 £43.50 £47.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.32% -7.45% +10.59%
UK median hourly rate £37.88 £42.38 £47.00
% change year-on-year -10.62% -9.84% +10.59%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 19,421 20,731 19,042
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.34% 22.39% 22.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,456 14,505 12,828
England median daily rate £488 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £470 £438
% change year-on-year +1.06% +7.43% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 235 221 221
England median hourly rate £35.00 £32.50 £29.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.69% +12.07% +11.54%
10th Percentile £14.35 £14.60 £9.25
90th Percentile £57.80 £57.50 £47.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £34.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year +1.45% +25.45% +9.04%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PostgreSQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PostgreSQL in England over the 6 months to 25 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PostgreSQL in England over the 6 months to 25 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the England region over the 6 months to 25 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -22 953 £538 +2.38% 64
South East -32 186 £475 -4.04% 36
North of England -23 176 £450 +4.65% 12
Midlands +9 92 £450 - 8
North West -2 79 £425 -2.86% 6
West Midlands -6 71 £450 - 5
South West -15 66 £488 +11.43% 5
Yorkshire -32 62 £475 +10.47% 4
East of England -12 49 £507 +12.56% 9
North East +1 35 £456 +7.35% 2
East Midlands +26 20 £450 -6.05% 3
PostgreSQL
UK

For the 6 months to 25 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 769 (50.46%) Agile Software Development
2 612 (40.16%) SQL
3 594 (38.98%) Python
4 567 (37.20%) Java
5 543 (35.63%) Amazon AWS
6 462 (30.31%) MySQL
7 461 (30.25%) Linux
8 444 (29.13%) TDD
9 436 (28.61%) Docker
10 406 (26.64%) Git (software)
11 379 (24.87%) JavaScript
12 368 (24.15%) NoSQL
13 344 (22.57%) Jenkins
14 335 (21.98%) Oracle
15 322 (21.13%) DevOps
16 315 (20.67%) Continuous Integration
17 313 (20.54%) Microservices
18 307 (20.14%) MongoDB
19 267 (17.52%) Ansible
20 260 (17.06%) Security Cleared
21 251 (16.47%) SQL Server
22 247 (16.21%) Microsoft Azure
23 246 (16.14%) Kubernetes
24 224 (14.70%) CSS
25 220 (14.44%) HTML
26 217 (14.24%) JIRA
27 216 (14.17%) Spring
28 213 (13.98%) SC Cleared
29 210 (13.78%) BDD
30 208 (13.65%) Node.js

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 158 (10.37%) Elasticsearch
2 132 (8.66%) Tomcat
3 116 (7.61%) Confluence
4 111 (7.28%) Apache Spark
5 93 (6.10%) nginx
6 92 (6.04%) WebSphere
7 87 (5.71%) Apache
8 86 (5.64%) OpenStack
9 83 (5.45%) WebLogic
10 41 (2.69%) JBoss
11 31 (2.03%) Apache Airflow
12 26 (1.71%) Luigi
13 20 (1.31%) Apache Solr
14 19 (1.25%) Drupal
15 16 (1.05%) WildFly
16 14 (0.92%) SAS
17 13 (0.85%) IIS
18 12 (0.79%) Apache Qpid
19 8 (0.52%) Apache Pig
19 8 (0.52%) GeoServer
Applications
1 9 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
1 9 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.39%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.066%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.066%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.066%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (0.33%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (0.26%) Adobe Campaign
2 4 (0.26%) SAP ERP
2 4 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 4 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.13%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.066%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.066%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.066%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.066%) Fredhopper
5 1 (0.066%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.066%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 543 (35.63%) Amazon AWS
2 247 (16.21%) Microsoft Azure
3 89 (5.84%) Amazon S3
4 82 (5.38%) Amazon EC2
5 80 (5.25%) Google Cloud Platform
6 77 (5.05%) GitHub
7 73 (4.79%) Serverless
8 65 (4.27%) AWS Lambda
9 47 (3.08%) AWS CloudFormation
10 46 (3.02%) PaaS
11 40 (2.62%) Amazon SQS
12 33 (2.17%) Amazon Kinesis
13 30 (1.97%) Cloud Computing
13 30 (1.97%) OpenShift
14 26 (1.71%) Amazon EMR
15 24 (1.57%) Heroku
16 23 (1.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 21 (1.38%) Stackdriver
18 20 (1.31%) SaaS
19 19 (1.25%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 84 (5.51%) HTTP
2 47 (3.08%) TCP/IP
3 40 (2.62%) DNS
4 38 (2.49%) SSL
5 28 (1.84%) Firewall
6 24 (1.57%) Internet
7 23 (1.51%) Kerberos
8 17 (1.12%) FTP
9 12 (0.79%) AMQP
9 12 (0.79%) MQTT
10 9 (0.59%) DSL
10 9 (0.59%) IMAP
10 9 (0.59%) SAN
11 8 (0.52%) SMTP
12 7 (0.46%) LAN
12 7 (0.46%) Network Security
12 7 (0.46%) WAN
13 6 (0.39%) DHCP
13 6 (0.39%) Skype
13 6 (0.39%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 462 (30.31%) MySQL
2 368 (24.15%) NoSQL
3 307 (20.14%) MongoDB
4 251 (16.47%) SQL Server
5 151 (9.91%) Relational Database
6 146 (9.58%) Redis
7 144 (9.45%) Big Data
8 133 (8.73%) Hadoop
9 118 (7.74%) Apache Cassandra
10 88 (5.77%) Data Warehouse
11 82 (5.38%) Amazon RDS
11 82 (5.38%) Oracle Database
12 68 (4.46%) Amazon Redshift
13 61 (4.00%) Apache Hive
14 60 (3.94%) HBase
15 58 (3.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 50 (3.28%) RDBMS
17 47 (3.08%) Amazon Aurora
18 33 (2.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 32 (2.10%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 406 (26.64%) Git (software)
2 344 (22.57%) Jenkins
3 217 (14.24%) JIRA
4 114 (7.48%) GitLab
5 96 (6.30%) Subversion
6 86 (5.64%) NUnit
7 81 (5.31%) Maven
8 79 (5.18%) JUnit
9 69 (4.53%) MSTest
10 60 (3.94%) Selenium
11 59 (3.87%) Artifactory
12 54 (3.54%) SonarQube
13 42 (2.76%) Cucumber
14 41 (2.69%) gulp
15 39 (2.56%) Sonatype Nexus
16 38 (2.49%) Mockito
17 32 (2.10%) Mercurial
18 29 (1.90%) Vagrant
19 28 (1.84%) webpack
20 26 (1.71%) Gatling
General
1 142 (9.32%) Finance
2 65 (4.27%) Retail
3 42 (2.76%) Banking
3 42 (2.76%) Marketing
4 24 (1.57%) Telecoms
5 23 (1.51%) Legal
6 19 (1.25%) Manufacturing
7 18 (1.18%) Electronics
8 17 (1.12%) Publishing
9 16 (1.05%) Games
10 10 (0.66%) Investment Banking
11 9 (0.59%) Front Office
11 9 (0.59%) Law
12 8 (0.52%) Advertising
13 6 (0.39%) Back Office
14 4 (0.26%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
15 3 (0.20%) Aerospace
16 2 (0.13%) Automotive
17 1 (0.066%) Billing
Job Titles
1 824 (54.07%) Developer
2 261 (17.13%) Java Developer
3 159 (10.43%) Python Developer
4 138 (9.06%) DevOps Engineer
5 120 (7.87%) Senior Developer
6 106 (6.96%) Architect
6 106 (6.96%) Data Engineer
7 80 (5.25%) AWS Engineer
8 76 (4.99%) DBA
9 59 (3.87%) Software Engineer
10 58 (3.81%) Ruby Developer
11 57 (3.74%) Python Engineer
12 56 (3.67%) Backend Developer
13 54 (3.54%) Full Stack Developer
13 54 (3.54%) Senior Java Developer
14 46 (3.02%) AWS Developer
14 46 (3.02%) React Developer
15 43 (2.82%) AWS DevOps
16 42 (2.76%) Administrator
16 42 (2.76%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 224 (14.70%) CSS
2 220 (14.44%) HTML
3 216 (14.17%) Spring
4 208 (13.65%) Node.js
5 204 (13.39%) Kafka
6 191 (12.53%) REST
7 166 (10.89%) Web Services
8 153 (10.04%) RESTful
9 143 (9.38%) RabbitMQ
10 125 (8.20%) JSON
11 124 (8.14%) Spring Boot
12 123 (8.07%) Hibernate
13 121 (7.94%) Django
14 112 (7.35%) SOAP
15 108 (7.09%) React
16 107 (7.02%) AngularJS
17 89 (5.84%) XML
18 82 (5.38%) HTML5
19 79 (5.18%) Ruby on Rails
20 59 (3.87%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 94 (6.17%) Analytical Skills
2 60 (3.94%) Fintech
3 56 (3.67%) User Experience
4 50 (3.28%) Data Centre
5 40 (2.62%) Greenfield Project
6 39 (2.56%) Replication
7 33 (2.17%) Self-Motivation
8 28 (1.84%) Clustering
9 23 (1.51%) Data Structures
10 21 (1.38%) Mobile App
11 19 (1.25%) PKI
12 18 (1.18%) Hybrid Cloud
13 17 (1.12%) Mainframe
14 13 (0.85%) Derivative
14 13 (0.85%) Public Cloud
15 12 (0.79%) Management Information System
15 12 (0.79%) NHS
16 10 (0.66%) Algorithms
16 10 (0.66%) Linux Command Line
16 10 (0.66%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 461 (30.25%) Linux
2 178 (11.68%) Unix
3 126 (8.27%) Windows
4 50 (3.28%) CentOS
5 47 (3.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 34 (2.23%) Windows Server
7 33 (2.17%) Ubuntu
8 21 (1.38%) CoreOS
9 18 (1.18%) Android
10 17 (1.12%) Apple iOS
10 17 (1.12%) VMS
11 11 (0.72%) Mac OS X
12 9 (0.59%) Solaris
13 8 (0.52%) Fedora
14 7 (0.46%) Oracle Linux
14 7 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
15 6 (0.39%) Windows 10
16 4 (0.26%) AIX
17 3 (0.20%) Debian
17 3 (0.20%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 769 (50.46%) Agile Software Development
2 444 (29.13%) TDD
3 322 (21.13%) DevOps
4 315 (20.67%) Continuous Integration
5 313 (20.54%) Microservices
6 210 (13.78%) BDD
7 189 (12.40%) Scrum
8 183 (12.01%) Open Source
9 179 (11.75%) Software Engineering
10 154 (10.10%) Migration
11 149 (9.78%) OO
12 143 (9.38%) Test Automation
13 123 (8.07%) ETL
14 117 (7.68%) Problem-Solving
15 112 (7.35%) Analytics
16 105 (6.89%) Business Intelligence
17 92 (6.04%) Kanban
18 84 (5.51%) Data Modelling
19 83 (5.45%) Continuous Delivery
19 83 (5.45%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 612 (40.16%) SQL
2 594 (38.98%) Python
3 567 (37.20%) Java
4 379 (24.87%) JavaScript
5 197 (12.93%) Ruby
6 170 (11.15%) Java 8
7 132 (8.66%) Bash Shell
8 103 (6.76%) PHP
9 90 (5.91%) Scala
10 75 (4.92%) Go
11 74 (4.86%) C#
11 74 (4.86%) PowerShell
12 71 (4.66%) Perl
13 67 (4.40%) Shell Script
14 65 (4.27%) ES6
15 51 (3.35%) PL/SQL
16 48 (3.15%) TypeScript
17 43 (2.82%) C++
18 32 (2.10%) C
19 29 (1.90%) R
Qualifications
1 260 (17.06%) Security Cleared
2 213 (13.98%) SC Cleared
3 79 (5.18%) Degree
4 35 (2.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.84%) DV Cleared
6 17 (1.12%) Master's Degree
7 13 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
8 11 (0.72%) PhD
9 9 (0.59%) AWS Certification
10 7 (0.46%) CHECK Team Member
11 6 (0.39%) CTC Cleared
11 6 (0.39%) DBS Check
11 6 (0.39%) OCP
11 6 (0.39%) Oracle Certification
12 4 (0.26%) MCSA
12 4 (0.26%) MCSE
12 4 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
14 2 (0.13%) BC Cleared
14 2 (0.13%) Chartered Engineer
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (2.89%) QA
2 21 (1.38%) Data Quality
3 17 (1.12%) GDPR
4 6 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.26%) PMO
6 3 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.13%) PSD2
8 1 (0.066%) SLA
8 1 (0.066%) SNOMED CT
8 1 (0.066%) WCAG
System Software
1 436 (28.61%) Docker
2 53 (3.48%) Active Directory
3 31 (2.03%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (1.84%) Apache Flume
5 27 (1.77%) Oracle RAC
6 17 (1.12%) HDFS
7 16 (1.05%) Ceph
8 15 (0.98%) etcd
8 15 (0.98%) Virtual Machines
9 14 (0.92%) flannel
9 14 (0.92%) SkyDNS
10 12 (0.79%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 11 (0.72%) GlusterFS
12 7 (0.46%) KVM
12 7 (0.46%) vSphere
13 6 (0.39%) Postfix
13 6 (0.39%) Squid
14 4 (0.26%) RACF
14 4 (0.26%) Sendmail
15 3 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 267 (17.52%) Ansible
2 246 (16.14%) Kubernetes
3 181 (11.88%) Puppet
4 178 (11.68%) Terraform
5 112 (7.35%) Opscode Chef
6 39 (2.56%) Prometheus
7 36 (2.36%) Grafana
8 28 (1.84%) HAProxy
9 25 (1.64%) Kibana
10 24 (1.57%) Sysdig
11 23 (1.51%) Docker Swarm
12 22 (1.44%) Packer
13 19 (1.25%) Graphite
14 18 (1.18%) Host Intrusion Detection System
14 18 (1.18%) Network Intrusion Detection System
15 17 (1.12%) rkt
16 16 (1.05%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
17 14 (0.92%) Marathon
17 14 (0.92%) Mesos
17 14 (0.92%) SCCM
Vendors
1 335 (21.98%) Oracle
2 108 (7.09%) Microsoft
3 82 (5.38%) Google
4 52 (3.41%) Atlassian
5 45 (2.95%) Red Hat
6 44 (2.89%) VMware
7 37 (2.43%) Tableau
8 23 (1.51%) IBM
9 22 (1.44%) Informatica
10 21 (1.38%) HP
10 21 (1.38%) SAP
10 21 (1.38%) Talend
11 19 (1.25%) New Relic
12 18 (1.18%) Sybase
13 16 (1.05%) Hortonworks
14 15 (0.98%) Citrix
14 15 (0.98%) Salesforce.com
14 15 (0.98%) Zend
15 14 (0.92%) ServiceNow
16 13 (0.85%) Adobe