Period
to 17 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 17 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 158 124 160
Rank change year-on-year -34 +36 +34
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 1,463 1,971 1,434
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.76% 2.09% 1.63%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 7.95% 9.12% 7.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 995 1,409 989
England median daily rate £515 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £375 £360 £363
90th Percentile £675 £613 £625
UK median daily rate £510 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +2.00% - +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 11 10
England median hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% -17.65% +5.59%
10th Percentile £27.00 £35.00 £20.47
90th Percentile £60.50 £48.75 £47.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £35.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +14.29% -17.65% +5.59%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 18,395 21,604 19,967
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.12% 22.96% 22.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,751 15,226 13,429
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 241 227 229
England median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £14.32 £14.00 £11.18
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.60 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £28.75 £31.00
% change year-on-year +21.74% -7.26% +8.77%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PostgreSQL in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PostgreSQL in England over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PostgreSQL in England over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the England region over the 6 months to 17 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 951 £525 - 262
South East -14 180 £450 +5.88% 78
North of England -89 114 £466 +3.61% 71
Midlands +27 106 £463 +5.11% 21
West Midlands +13 82 £463 +3.47% 10
South West -41 57 £488 +14.71% 24
Yorkshire -24 54 £475 +11.76% 18
East of England +4 53 £500 +5.26% 43
North West -72 48 £425 -15.00% 44
East Midlands +31 24 £488 +18.18% 11
North East -26 12 £488 +21.88% 9
PostgreSQL
UK

For the 6 months to 17 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 767 (52.43%) Agile Software Development
2 608 (41.56%) SQL
3 551 (37.66%) Python
4 527 (36.02%) Java
5 523 (35.75%) Amazon AWS
6 454 (31.03%) Docker
7 413 (28.23%) MySQL
8 388 (26.52%) Linux
9 373 (25.50%) Git (software)
10 345 (23.58%) TDD
11 340 (23.24%) DevOps
12 316 (21.60%) JavaScript
13 315 (21.53%) Jenkins
14 303 (20.71%) Microservices
15 297 (20.30%) MongoDB
16 275 (18.80%) Security Cleared
17 266 (18.18%) Continuous Integration
18 263 (17.98%) Kubernetes
19 261 (17.84%) NoSQL
19 261 (17.84%) Oracle
20 258 (17.63%) Scrum
21 238 (16.27%) REST
22 237 (16.20%) SQL Server
23 213 (14.56%) Microsoft Azure
23 213 (14.56%) SC Cleared
24 208 (14.22%) Web Services
25 207 (14.15%) Spring
26 206 (14.08%) Open Source
27 195 (13.33%) Relational Database
28 194 (13.26%) JIRA

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 163 (11.14%) Elasticsearch
2 124 (8.48%) Apache Spark
3 114 (7.79%) Apache
4 112 (7.66%) Confluence
5 77 (5.26%) Tomcat
6 43 (2.94%) nginx
7 34 (2.32%) Apache Airflow
8 28 (1.91%) GeoServer
8 28 (1.91%) OpenStack
9 27 (1.85%) JBoss
10 24 (1.64%) Luigi
11 20 (1.37%) Apache Solr
12 15 (1.03%) ArcGIS
12 15 (1.03%) Drupal
13 14 (0.96%) SAS
14 12 (0.82%) Jupyter
15 11 (0.75%) SharePoint
16 9 (0.62%) Jetty
16 9 (0.62%) WebLogic
16 9 (0.62%) WebSphere
Applications
1 12 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.27%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.14%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 18 (1.23%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 6 (0.41%) Adobe Campaign
3 5 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.27%) SAP ERP
4 4 (0.27%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 4 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.21%) PolarLake
6 2 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.068%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.068%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.068%) Fredhopper
7 1 (0.068%) Markit EDM
7 1 (0.068%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.068%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.068%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 523 (35.75%) Amazon AWS
2 213 (14.56%) Microsoft Azure
3 111 (7.59%) Google Cloud Platform
4 110 (7.52%) Amazon S3
5 99 (6.77%) Amazon EC2
6 81 (5.54%) Amazon SQS
7 74 (5.06%) Serverless
8 65 (4.44%) AWS Lambda
9 56 (3.83%) GitHub
10 53 (3.62%) Cloud Computing
11 49 (3.35%) Power Platform
12 48 (3.28%) PaaS
13 47 (3.21%) AWS CloudFormation
14 37 (2.53%) Heroku
15 34 (2.32%) Amazon EMR
16 32 (2.19%) Amazon Kinesis
17 22 (1.50%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 22 (1.50%) IaaS
17 22 (1.50%) SaaS
18 21 (1.44%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 69 (4.72%) HTTP
2 43 (2.94%) TCP/IP
3 31 (2.12%) SSL
4 29 (1.98%) DNS
5 26 (1.78%) FTP
6 21 (1.44%) Internet
7 17 (1.16%) AMQP
8 14 (0.96%) Kerberos
9 13 (0.89%) Firewall
10 12 (0.82%) OpenLDAP
11 11 (0.75%) LAN
12 10 (0.68%) MQTT
12 10 (0.68%) SSH
12 10 (0.68%) WAN
13 9 (0.62%) IMAP
13 9 (0.62%) Network Security
13 9 (0.62%) SMTP
14 6 (0.41%) Skype
14 6 (0.41%) VPN
15 5 (0.34%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 413 (28.23%) MySQL
2 297 (20.30%) MongoDB
3 261 (17.84%) NoSQL
4 237 (16.20%) SQL Server
5 195 (13.33%) Relational Database
6 144 (9.84%) Hadoop
7 135 (9.23%) Big Data
8 98 (6.70%) RDBMS
9 96 (6.56%) Amazon RDS
10 94 (6.43%) Apache Cassandra
11 87 (5.95%) Data Warehouse
12 82 (5.60%) Amazon Redshift
13 76 (5.19%) Oracle Database
14 68 (4.65%) Redis
15 64 (4.37%) Amazon Aurora
16 62 (4.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 62 (4.24%) Apache Hive
17 51 (3.49%) HBase
18 49 (3.35%) Power BI
19 47 (3.21%) DB2
Development Applications
1 373 (25.50%) Git (software)
2 315 (21.53%) Jenkins
3 194 (13.26%) JIRA
4 111 (7.59%) Maven
5 91 (6.22%) JUnit
6 70 (4.78%) Mockito
7 63 (4.31%) SonarQube
8 59 (4.03%) Subversion
9 57 (3.90%) Cucumber
9 57 (3.90%) Selenium
10 52 (3.55%) Sonatype Nexus
11 47 (3.21%) GitLab
12 44 (3.01%) Bitbucket
13 38 (2.60%) jMock
14 37 (2.53%) DbUnit
15 28 (1.91%) Artifactory
16 27 (1.85%) gulp
17 24 (1.64%) Gradle
18 21 (1.44%) NUnit
18 21 (1.44%) WebDriver
General
1 143 (9.77%) Finance
2 63 (4.31%) Retail
3 58 (3.96%) Banking
4 45 (3.08%) Marketing
5 26 (1.78%) Legal
6 25 (1.71%) Front Office
7 23 (1.57%) Games
8 19 (1.30%) Telecoms
9 17 (1.16%) Manufacturing
10 16 (1.09%) Electronics
11 15 (1.03%) Investment Banking
12 7 (0.48%) Advertising
12 7 (0.48%) Law
12 7 (0.48%) Publishing
13 5 (0.34%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.27%) Automotive
14 4 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.068%) Back Office
15 1 (0.068%) Billing
15 1 (0.068%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 793 (54.20%) Developer
2 235 (16.06%) Java Developer
3 142 (9.71%) Python Developer
4 134 (9.16%) Data Engineer
5 110 (7.52%) DBA
6 106 (7.25%) Senior Developer
7 94 (6.43%) AWS Engineer
8 93 (6.36%) DevOps Engineer
9 73 (4.99%) Python Engineer
10 69 (4.72%) Architect
11 60 (4.10%) Ruby Developer
12 54 (3.69%) Software Engineer
13 49 (3.35%) Backend Developer
14 46 (3.14%) Full Stack Developer
14 46 (3.14%) Java Engineer
14 46 (3.14%) React Developer
15 43 (2.94%) AWS Developer
15 43 (2.94%) Oracle DBA
16 42 (2.87%) Administrator
17 41 (2.80%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 238 (16.27%) REST
2 208 (14.22%) Web Services
3 207 (14.15%) Spring
4 188 (12.85%) Node.js
5 184 (12.58%) CSS
6 177 (12.10%) HTML
7 169 (11.55%) Kafka
8 146 (9.98%) RESTful
9 138 (9.43%) SOAP
10 135 (9.23%) AngularJS
11 132 (9.02%) JSON
12 110 (7.52%) XML
13 108 (7.38%) React
14 101 (6.90%) Hibernate
15 97 (6.63%) Django
16 84 (5.74%) Spring Boot
17 79 (5.40%) RabbitMQ
18 78 (5.33%) J2EE
19 67 (4.58%) Ruby on Rails
20 61 (4.17%) ActiveMQ
Miscellaneous
1 90 (6.15%) Analytical Skills
2 51 (3.49%) User Experience
3 45 (3.08%) Replication
4 42 (2.87%) Algorithms
5 39 (2.67%) Greenfield Project
6 37 (2.53%) Data Structures
7 35 (2.39%) Clustering
7 35 (2.39%) Derivative
7 35 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
8 20 (1.37%) Management Information System
9 18 (1.23%) Mobile App
10 14 (0.96%) PKI
11 13 (0.89%) NHS
11 13 (0.89%) Robotics
12 12 (0.82%) Cloud Native
13 11 (0.75%) Public Cloud
14 10 (0.68%) Data Centre
14 10 (0.68%) Enterprise Software
14 10 (0.68%) Fixed Income
15 9 (0.62%) EPoS
Operating Systems
1 388 (26.52%) Linux
2 112 (7.66%) Unix
3 105 (7.18%) Windows
4 59 (4.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 53 (3.62%) CentOS
6 37 (2.53%) Windows Server
7 34 (2.32%) Ubuntu
8 14 (0.96%) Android
8 14 (0.96%) Apple iOS
9 10 (0.68%) Debian
9 10 (0.68%) Mac OS X
10 6 (0.41%) CoreOS
11 4 (0.27%) AIX
11 4 (0.27%) Oracle Linux
11 4 (0.27%) VMS
11 4 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.21%) Fedora
12 3 (0.21%) Solaris
12 3 (0.21%) SUSE
12 3 (0.21%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 767 (52.43%) Agile Software Development
2 345 (23.58%) TDD
3 340 (23.24%) DevOps
4 303 (20.71%) Microservices
5 266 (18.18%) Continuous Integration
6 258 (17.63%) Scrum
7 206 (14.08%) Open Source
8 192 (13.12%) BDD
9 145 (9.91%) Software Engineering
10 139 (9.50%) ETL
11 118 (8.07%) Test Automation
12 116 (7.93%) Analytics
12 116 (7.93%) Data Science
13 115 (7.86%) Kanban
14 112 (7.66%) Data Modelling
15 108 (7.38%) Migration
16 107 (7.31%) Problem-Solving
17 103 (7.04%) Front End Development
18 102 (6.97%) Business Intelligence
19 84 (5.74%) Data Management
Programming Languages
1 608 (41.56%) SQL
2 551 (37.66%) Python
3 527 (36.02%) Java
4 316 (21.60%) JavaScript
5 185 (12.65%) Ruby
6 125 (8.54%) Java 8
7 122 (8.34%) Scala
8 103 (7.04%) PHP
9 97 (6.63%) Bash Shell
10 75 (5.13%) PowerShell
11 74 (5.06%) C#
12 70 (4.78%) Perl
13 69 (4.72%) Shell Script
14 68 (4.65%) PL/SQL
15 46 (3.14%) R
16 45 (3.08%) C++
17 41 (2.80%) TypeScript
18 40 (2.73%) ES6
19 36 (2.46%) Go
20 28 (1.91%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 275 (18.80%) Security Cleared
2 213 (14.56%) SC Cleared
3 49 (3.35%) Degree
4 26 (1.78%) DV Cleared
5 19 (1.30%) BPSS Clearance
6 18 (1.23%) Computer Science Degree
6 18 (1.23%) Master's Degree
7 10 (0.68%) PhD
8 9 (0.62%) CTC Cleared
9 8 (0.55%) CHECK Team Member
9 8 (0.55%) DBS Check
10 7 (0.48%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.14%) ISEB
11 2 (0.14%) ISTQB
12 1 (0.068%) BC Cleared
12 1 (0.068%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.068%) OCP
12 1 (0.068%) Oracle Certification
12 1 (0.068%) Project+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (2.12%) QA
2 19 (1.30%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.62%) GDPR
4 4 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.068%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.068%) PMO
6 1 (0.068%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 454 (31.03%) Docker
2 39 (2.67%) Active Directory
3 32 (2.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (1.91%) Oracle RAC
5 21 (1.44%) Postfix
6 17 (1.16%) Apache Flume
7 13 (0.89%) HDFS
8 8 (0.55%) vSphere
9 7 (0.48%) oVirt
9 7 (0.48%) RACF
9 7 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
10 6 (0.41%) Sendmail
10 6 (0.41%) Squid
10 6 (0.41%) Virtual Servers
11 5 (0.34%) KVM
12 4 (0.27%) Ceph
13 3 (0.21%) NFS
13 3 (0.21%) pfSense
13 3 (0.21%) VMware Server
14 2 (0.14%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 263 (17.98%) Kubernetes
2 148 (10.12%) Terraform
3 123 (8.41%) Ansible
4 91 (6.22%) Puppet
5 44 (3.01%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (1.71%) Salt
7 24 (1.64%) Packer
8 23 (1.57%) Kibana
8 23 (1.57%) Prometheus
8 23 (1.57%) ZABBIX
9 19 (1.30%) Docker Swarm
10 18 (1.23%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
10 18 (1.23%) Grafana
11 15 (1.03%) HAProxy
12 14 (0.96%) Consul
13 13 (0.89%) logstash
14 12 (0.82%) Marathon
14 12 (0.82%) Mesos
15 11 (0.75%) Data Guard
16 10 (0.68%) Nagios
Vendors
1 261 (17.84%) Oracle
2 112 (7.66%) Microsoft
3 97 (6.63%) Google
4 60 (4.10%) Tableau
5 49 (3.35%) Red Hat
6 44 (3.01%) VMware
7 38 (2.60%) IBM
8 36 (2.46%) Atlassian
9 32 (2.19%) Sybase
10 31 (2.12%) HP
11 24 (1.64%) Citrix
12 22 (1.50%) SAP
13 19 (1.30%) Sparx
13 19 (1.30%) Splunk
14 17 (1.16%) Zend
15 16 (1.09%) Informatica
15 16 (1.09%) Talend
15 16 (1.09%) Teradata
16 15 (1.03%) ESRI
17 11 (0.75%) NetApp