Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for PostgreSQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PostgreSQL over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PostgreSQL (Postgres)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 155 142 162
Rank change year-on-year -13 +20 -26
Contract jobs citing PostgreSQL 1,109 490 1,425
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.75% 1.86% 1.74%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.07% 8.05% 7.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 778 373 963
10th Percentile £375 £350 £375
25th Percentile £450 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £519 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year -1.24% - +5.53%
75th Percentile £593 £650 £588
90th Percentile £656 £750 £675
UK median daily rate £500 £525 £513
% change year-on-year -4.76% +2.44% +4.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 3 7
10th Percentile £36.65 £37.60 £25.00
25th Percentile £47.35 £41.50 £30.00
Median hourly rate £55.41 £51.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +8.64% +2.00% +6.38%
75th Percentile £61.09 £60.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £67.00 £63.60 £55.25
UK median hourly rate £59.88 £51.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year +17.40% +2.00% +6.38%

PostgreSQL is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 13,745 6,088 18,162
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.64% 23.11% 22.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,673 4,261 12,663
10th Percentile £350 £315 £325
25th Percentile £419 £405 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £480
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £713 £688 £656
UK median daily rate £515 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +3.00% +5.26% +1.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 196 95 221
10th Percentile £13.50 £12.63 £12.50
25th Percentile £20.00 £17.73 £17.09
Median hourly rate £28.68 £25.05 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +14.50% -16.52% +8.19%
75th Percentile £54.03 £44.00 £51.25
90th Percentile £65.25 £55.00 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £29.63 £24.25 £30.00
% change year-on-year +22.16% -19.17% +9.09%

PostgreSQL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PostgreSQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL in England.

Daily rate trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PostgreSQL in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PostgreSQL in England.

Hourly rate trend for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PostgreSQL in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PostgreSQL in England

PostgreSQL
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PostgreSQL within the England region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -41 660 £550 - 313
South East +8 141 £500 +2.56% 55
North of England -25 76 £463 -4.39% 67
Midlands -23 64 £460 +15.00% 32
West Midlands -15 53 £473 +26.00% 20
South West -27 42 £450 -2.70% 38
North West -40 33 £463 +14.20% 37
North East +3 25 £550 +11.11% 10
East of England -35 23 £436 -8.21% 21
Yorkshire -30 18 £438 -20.45% 20
East Midlands -36 7 £300 -25.00% 12
PostgreSQL
UK

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PostgreSQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PostgreSQL.

1 523 (47.16%) AWS
2 426 (38.41%) SQL
3 398 (35.89%) Java
4 367 (33.09%) Docker
5 348 (31.38%) Agile Software Development
6 345 (31.11%) Python
7 298 (26.87%) Kubernetes
8 296 (26.69%) Oracle
9 292 (26.33%) Azure
10 284 (25.61%) Microservices
11 265 (23.90%) JavaScript
12 240 (21.64%) Git (software)
13 238 (21.46%) Spring
14 237 (21.37%) DevOps
15 222 (20.02%) MySQL
16 219 (19.75%) SQL Server
17 214 (19.30%) Relational Database
18 202 (18.21%) Jenkins
19 191 (17.22%) Spring Boot
20 189 (17.04%) Social Skills
21 184 (16.59%) Terraform
21 184 (16.59%) Node.js
22 181 (16.32%) Finance
23 180 (16.23%) Linux
24 179 (16.14%) Software Engineering
25 168 (15.15%) MongoDB
26 167 (15.06%) Scrum
27 163 (14.70%) React
28 156 (14.07%) REST
29 142 (12.80%) NoSQL

PostgreSQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (9.20%) Apache Spark
2 73 (6.58%) Elasticsearch
3 69 (6.22%) Confluence
4 65 (5.86%) Tomcat
5 58 (5.23%) nginx
6 49 (4.42%) Apache
7 30 (2.71%) Apache Airflow
8 28 (2.52%) SAS
9 26 (2.34%) Luigi
10 16 (1.44%) Oracle Workflow
11 15 (1.35%) SharePoint
12 11 (0.99%) JBoss
13 8 (0.72%) OpenStack
13 8 (0.72%) Oracle Application Server
13 8 (0.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 5 (0.45%) CMS
14 5 (0.45%) Ethereum
14 5 (0.45%) WebLogic
15 4 (0.36%) IIS
15 4 (0.36%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 9 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
1 9 (0.81%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.27%) SPSS
4 2 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.090%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 8 (0.72%) Payment Gateway
2 3 (0.27%) Adobe Campaign
2 3 (0.27%) Magento
3 1 (0.090%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 523 (47.16%) AWS
2 292 (26.33%) Azure
3 131 (11.81%) Serverless
4 114 (10.28%) GCP
5 79 (7.12%) AWS Lambda
6 71 (6.40%) Amazon S3
7 65 (5.86%) GitHub
8 61 (5.50%) Amazon EC2
9 59 (5.32%) PaaS
10 53 (4.78%) Power Platform
11 49 (4.42%) SaaS
12 48 (4.33%) IaaS
13 43 (3.88%) AWS CloudFormation
14 41 (3.70%) Amazon SQS
15 40 (3.61%) Amazon ECS
16 39 (3.52%) OpenShift
17 32 (2.89%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 26 (2.34%) Snowflake
19 21 (1.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 20 (1.80%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 36 (3.25%) HTTP
2 22 (1.98%) SAN
3 21 (1.89%) DNS
4 12 (1.08%) Firewall
4 12 (1.08%) NAS
5 10 (0.90%) Network Security
6 9 (0.81%) WAN
7 8 (0.72%) Kerberos
7 8 (0.72%) LAN
7 8 (0.72%) SNMP
7 8 (0.72%) SSH
7 8 (0.72%) VPN
8 6 (0.54%) Intranet
8 6 (0.54%) SSL
8 6 (0.54%) TACACS
9 5 (0.45%) DHCP
9 5 (0.45%) HTTPS
10 4 (0.36%) FTP
10 4 (0.36%) TCP/IP
11 3 (0.27%) ATM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 222 (20.02%) MySQL
2 219 (19.75%) SQL Server
3 214 (19.30%) Relational Database
4 168 (15.15%) MongoDB
5 142 (12.80%) NoSQL
6 131 (11.81%) Big Data
7 130 (11.72%) Hadoop
8 99 (8.93%) Data Warehouse
9 89 (8.03%) RDBMS
10 87 (7.84%) Amazon RDS
10 87 (7.84%) Redis
11 85 (7.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 53 (4.78%) Apache Cassandra
12 53 (4.78%) Apache Hive
12 53 (4.78%) Power BI
13 52 (4.69%) Amazon Aurora
14 48 (4.33%) Oracle Database
15 44 (3.97%) Tableau
16 39 (3.52%) Metadata
17 38 (3.43%) DB2
Development Applications
1 240 (21.64%) Git (software)
2 202 (18.21%) Jenkins
3 129 (11.63%) JIRA
4 95 (8.57%) Maven
5 73 (6.58%) GitLab
6 54 (4.87%) Bitbucket
6 54 (4.87%) JUnit
7 38 (3.43%) SonarQube
7 38 (3.43%) Sonatype Nexus
8 37 (3.34%) Subversion
9 29 (2.61%) Artifactory
9 29 (2.61%) Cucumber
10 28 (2.52%) Postman
10 28 (2.52%) Visual Studio
11 22 (1.98%) Mocha
12 21 (1.89%) IntelliJ
13 19 (1.71%) Selenium
14 16 (1.44%) JMeter
15 15 (1.35%) Gradle
15 15 (1.35%) Mockito
General
1 189 (17.04%) Social Skills
2 181 (16.32%) Finance
3 82 (7.39%) Public Sector
4 77 (6.94%) Analytical Skills
5 65 (5.86%) Banking
6 37 (3.34%) Presentation Skills
7 36 (3.25%) Telecoms
8 32 (2.89%) Marketing
9 24 (2.16%) Retail
10 23 (2.07%) Electronics
11 21 (1.89%) Manufacturing
12 13 (1.17%) Games
12 13 (1.17%) Law
13 11 (0.99%) Financial Institution
13 11 (0.99%) Legal
14 9 (0.81%) Influencing Skills
15 8 (0.72%) Documentation Skills
16 7 (0.63%) Front Office
17 6 (0.54%) Investment Banking
17 6 (0.54%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 473 (42.65%) Developer
2 126 (11.36%) Java Developer
3 107 (9.65%) Data Engineer
4 85 (7.66%) Architect
5 84 (7.57%) DevOps Engineer
5 84 (7.57%) Python Developer
5 84 (7.57%) Senior Developer
6 67 (6.04%) Full Stack Developer
7 53 (4.78%) Software Engineer
8 49 (4.42%) Analyst
9 39 (3.52%) DBA
10 36 (3.25%) Data Analyst
11 29 (2.61%) AWS Engineer
11 29 (2.61%) Consultant
11 29 (2.61%) Support Engineer
12 27 (2.43%) Node.js Developer
13 26 (2.34%) Solutions Architect
14 24 (2.16%) C# Developer
15 23 (2.07%) .NET Developer
15 23 (2.07%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 238 (21.46%) Spring
2 191 (17.22%) Spring Boot
3 184 (16.59%) Node.js
4 163 (14.70%) React
5 156 (14.07%) REST
6 116 (10.46%) Kafka
7 104 (9.38%) HTML
8 100 (9.02%) RESTful
9 94 (8.48%) AngularJS
10 93 (8.39%) CSS
11 86 (7.75%) .NET
12 76 (6.85%) GraphQL
12 76 (6.85%) Web Services
13 70 (6.31%) Django
13 70 (6.31%) JSON
14 56 (5.05%) SOAP
15 45 (4.06%) XML
16 39 (3.52%) Swagger
17 38 (3.43%) Hibernate
17 38 (3.43%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 53 (4.78%) Data Structures
2 37 (3.34%) Data Centre
3 32 (2.89%) Management Information System
4 27 (2.43%) Public Cloud
5 26 (2.34%) Data Protection Act
6 20 (1.80%) Cloud Native
7 19 (1.71%) Clustering
7 19 (1.71%) Linux Command Line
7 19 (1.71%) NHS
8 17 (1.53%) Legacy Applications
9 15 (1.35%) Reference Data
9 15 (1.35%) User Experience
10 14 (1.26%) Legacy Systems
11 13 (1.17%) Replication
12 11 (0.99%) Algorithms
12 11 (0.99%) Cyberattack
12 11 (0.99%) Self-Motivation
13 8 (0.72%) Enterprise Cloud
13 8 (0.72%) Greenfield Project
13 8 (0.72%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 180 (16.23%) Linux
2 89 (8.03%) Unix
3 55 (4.96%) Windows
4 18 (1.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 16 (1.44%) Windows Server
6 14 (1.26%) Ubuntu
7 11 (0.99%) Debian
7 11 (0.99%) Mac OS X
8 6 (0.54%) CoreOS
9 4 (0.36%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
9 4 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
9 4 (0.36%) Windows Server 2019
10 3 (0.27%) Android
10 3 (0.27%) Apple iOS
10 3 (0.27%) CentOS
10 3 (0.27%) Solaris
10 3 (0.27%) zOS
11 2 (0.18%) AIX
11 2 (0.18%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 348 (31.38%) Agile Software Development
2 284 (25.61%) Microservices
3 237 (21.37%) DevOps
4 179 (16.14%) Software Engineering
5 167 (15.06%) Scrum
6 134 (12.08%) Analytics
7 127 (11.45%) Full Stack Development
8 106 (9.56%) Business Intelligence
8 106 (9.56%) Test Automation
9 96 (8.66%) TDD
10 89 (8.03%) Open Source
11 88 (7.94%) ETL
12 79 (7.12%) Infrastructure as Code
13 74 (6.67%) Data Modelling
13 74 (6.67%) Mentoring
14 64 (5.77%) SDLC
15 62 (5.59%) Data Science
15 62 (5.59%) Problem-Solving
16 61 (5.50%) Migration
17 58 (5.23%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 426 (38.41%) SQL
2 398 (35.89%) Java
3 345 (31.11%) Python
4 265 (23.90%) JavaScript
5 76 (6.85%) C#
6 72 (6.49%) Scala
7 66 (5.95%) Java 8
8 62 (5.59%) TypeScript
9 57 (5.14%) Ruby
10 55 (4.96%) PL/SQL
11 53 (4.78%) Bash Shell
12 52 (4.69%) Go
13 50 (4.51%) Groovy
14 38 (3.43%) PHP
15 35 (3.16%) PowerShell
16 30 (2.71%) T-SQL
17 28 (2.52%) Shell Script
18 27 (2.43%) Java 11
19 26 (2.34%) C++
19 26 (2.34%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 140 (12.62%) Security Cleared
2 92 (8.30%) SC Cleared
3 68 (6.13%) Degree
4 34 (3.07%) Computer Science Degree
5 14 (1.26%) BPSS Clearance
6 10 (0.90%) SAS Certification
7 8 (0.72%) ISTQB
8 7 (0.63%) AWS Certification
9 6 (0.54%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.36%) TOGAF Certification
11 2 (0.18%) CCIE
11 2 (0.18%) CCNP
11 2 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.18%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.18%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 2 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 2 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.18%) OCP
11 2 (0.18%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (3.16%) QA
2 34 (3.07%) Data Quality
3 21 (1.89%) GDPR
4 16 (1.44%) Accessibility
5 11 (0.99%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 9 (0.81%) HL7
7 8 (0.72%) SLA
8 5 (0.45%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.27%) FedRAMP
9 3 (0.27%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 1 (0.090%) PMO
System Software
1 367 (33.09%) Docker
2 39 (3.52%) Active Directory
3 29 (2.61%) HDFS
4 14 (1.26%) VMware Infrastructure
5 10 (0.90%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 8 (0.72%) Oracle RAC
7 7 (0.63%) OpenAM
8 6 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.45%) vSphere
10 4 (0.36%) vCloud
11 3 (0.27%) Ceph
11 3 (0.27%) Postfix
11 3 (0.27%) RACF
11 3 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
11 3 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
12 2 (0.18%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.18%) NFS
12 2 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
12 2 (0.18%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.18%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 298 (26.87%) Kubernetes
2 184 (16.59%) Terraform
3 98 (8.84%) Ansible
4 48 (4.33%) Grafana
5 41 (3.70%) Prometheus
6 30 (2.71%) Kibana
6 30 (2.71%) Puppet
6 30 (2.71%) Rancher
7 17 (1.53%) Opscode Chef
8 16 (1.44%) logstash
9 14 (1.26%) Oozie
10 12 (1.08%) Single Sign-On
11 10 (0.90%) HAProxy
12 9 (0.81%) Istio
12 9 (0.81%) Nagios
12 9 (0.81%) ZABBIX
13 8 (0.72%) Docker Swarm
13 8 (0.72%) SCCM
14 7 (0.63%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
15 6 (0.54%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 296 (26.69%) Oracle
2 103 (9.29%) Microsoft
3 53 (4.78%) Google
4 46 (4.15%) Informatica
5 37 (3.34%) Atlassian
5 37 (3.34%) Red Hat
6 35 (3.16%) Databricks
7 33 (2.98%) SAP
8 30 (2.71%) Splunk
9 26 (2.34%) Dynatrace
10 25 (2.25%) Sybase
11 23 (2.07%) Hortonworks
11 23 (2.07%) VMware
12 16 (1.44%) Teradata
13 14 (1.26%) Talend
14 13 (1.17%) Alteryx
15 12 (1.08%) IBM
15 12 (1.08%) New Relic
16 10 (0.90%) AppDynamics
17 9 (0.81%) MuleSoft