Period
to 20 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 289 335 354
Rank change year-on-year +46 +19 -76
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 915 697 725
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.90% 0.75% 0.68%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 4.05% 3.34% 3.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 658 442 472
UK median daily rate £508 £440 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +15.45% +3.53% -2.86%
10th Percentile £338 £306 £303
90th Percentile £638 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £428 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +10.32% +3.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 9
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £23.25 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +93.55% -43.98% -9.96%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £23.25 £41.50
% change year-on-year +93.55% -43.98% -9.96%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 22,607 20,852 23,893
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.35% 22.49% 22.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,679 13,947 16,071
UK median daily rate £470 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.43% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £311 £291 £281
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £390 £375
% change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% +2.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 243 264 392
UK median hourly rate £34.00 £28.25 £25.22
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.35% +12.01% -15.93%
10th Percentile £14.63 £9.71 £12.00
90th Percentile £54.75 £49.63 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £25.20 £24.50
% change year-on-year +48.84% +2.84% -15.06%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +43 761 £525 +16.67% 233
UK excluding London +37 451 £428 +10.32% 163
London +35 450 £550 +4.76% 89
South East +10 136 £475 +20.63% 47
Scotland -17 77 £450 +24.14% 13
North of England +5 67 £375 -3.54% 45
Midlands -17 50 £380 -5.00% 14
Wales +22 49 £395 +108.99% 1
North West -2 39 £345 -4.17% 27
South West +23 35 £453 +37.12% 23
West Midlands +18 31 £425 +9.68% 6
Yorkshire -8 27 £425 +9.68% 13
East of England +8 24 £425 +6.25% 15
Northern Ireland 0 20 £438 +6.24% 5
East Midlands -24 18 £315 -22.98% 8
North East +24 1 £290 -36.96% 5

For the 6 months to 20 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 915 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 478 (52.24%) Java
3 439 (47.98%) Agile Software Development
4 366 (40.00%) Oracle
5 356 (38.91%) SQL
6 267 (29.18%) Linux
7 239 (26.12%) SQL Server
8 233 (25.46%) OO
9 215 (23.50%) Unix
10 213 (23.28%) Git (software)
11 212 (23.17%) Spring
12 204 (22.30%) Test Automation
13 197 (21.53%) REST
14 192 (20.98%) TDD
15 187 (20.44%) Finance
16 185 (20.22%) Python
16 185 (20.22%) NoSQL
17 181 (19.78%) Continuous Integration
18 180 (19.67%) JavaScript
19 164 (17.92%) JUnit
20 162 (17.70%) Hibernate
20 162 (17.70%) Scrum
21 160 (17.49%) MySQL
22 159 (17.38%) DevOps
23 151 (16.50%) Jenkins
24 147 (16.07%) RESTful
24 147 (16.07%) XML
25 145 (15.85%) Maven
26 143 (15.63%) Microservices
27 141 (15.41%) JMS

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 66 (7.21%) Confluence
2 64 (6.99%) Apache Spark
3 57 (6.23%) Apache
4 47 (5.14%) JBoss
5 44 (4.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 42 (4.59%) WildFly
7 40 (4.37%) Tomcat
8 38 (4.15%) WebLogic
9 27 (2.95%) WebSphere
10 19 (2.08%) BizTalk Server
10 19 (2.08%) Elasticsearch
11 14 (1.53%) SharePoint
12 13 (1.42%) IIS
13 12 (1.31%) Oracle Service Bus
14 11 (1.20%) Apache Pig
14 11 (1.20%) GemFire
15 10 (1.09%) SAS
16 8 (0.87%) Mule
16 8 (0.87%) nginx
17 6 (0.66%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 17 (1.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.66%) HipChat
3 5 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.22%) InfoPath
6 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.44%) ION MarketView
2 3 (0.33%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.33%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.22%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.22%) Magento
3 2 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.11%) Demantra
4 1 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.11%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle iProcurement
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Retail
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle SCM
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Utilities
4 1 (0.11%) Retail-J
4 1 (0.11%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 135 (14.75%) Amazon AWS
2 72 (7.87%) Microsoft Azure
3 24 (2.62%) GitHub
4 20 (2.19%) PaaS
5 17 (1.86%) SaaS
6 16 (1.75%) Google Cloud Platform
7 12 (1.31%) Cloud Computing
8 11 (1.20%) AWS CloudFormation
8 11 (1.20%) Office 365
9 9 (0.98%) Azure Data Factory
10 8 (0.87%) Amazon S3
11 7 (0.77%) Amazon ELB
11 7 (0.77%) Serverless
12 6 (0.66%) OpenShift
13 5 (0.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 5 (0.55%) Trello
14 4 (0.44%) Amazon EMR
14 4 (0.44%) AWS Lambda
14 4 (0.44%) IaaS
15 3 (0.33%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 60 (6.56%) TCP/IP
2 59 (6.45%) HTTP
3 32 (3.50%) DNS
4 30 (3.28%) SSL
5 28 (3.06%) DHCP
5 28 (3.06%) FTP
5 28 (3.06%) IPsec
6 19 (2.08%) Internet
7 11 (1.20%) MQTT
8 6 (0.66%) SMS
9 5 (0.55%) Kerberos
10 3 (0.33%) IMAP
10 3 (0.33%) POP3
10 3 (0.33%) RTP
11 2 (0.22%) Firewall
11 2 (0.22%) VPN
12 1 (0.11%) LAN
12 1 (0.11%) snoop
12 1 (0.11%) SSH
12 1 (0.11%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 915 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 239 (26.12%) SQL Server
3 185 (20.22%) NoSQL
4 160 (17.49%) MySQL
5 132 (14.43%) Oracle Database
6 102 (11.15%) Big Data
7 92 (10.05%) PostgreSQL
8 86 (9.40%) Data Warehouse
9 79 (8.63%) Hadoop
10 68 (7.43%) MongoDB
11 61 (6.67%) DB2
12 39 (4.26%) Oracle Database 11g
13 28 (3.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 25 (2.73%) Apache Hive
15 18 (1.97%) HBase
15 18 (1.97%) MariaDB
15 18 (1.97%) Power BI
15 18 (1.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 17 (1.86%) Apache Cassandra
17 15 (1.64%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 213 (23.28%) Git (software)
2 164 (17.92%) JUnit
3 151 (16.50%) Jenkins
4 145 (15.85%) Maven
5 114 (12.46%) JIRA
6 87 (9.51%) SonarQube
7 85 (9.29%) Mockito
8 57 (6.23%) Checkstyle
9 52 (5.68%) Gradle
9 52 (5.68%) Liquibase
9 52 (5.68%) Team Foundation Server
10 47 (5.14%) Eclipse
10 47 (5.14%) Subversion
11 46 (5.03%) NUnit
12 41 (4.48%) TeamCity
12 41 (4.48%) Vagrant
13 38 (4.15%) Cucumber
13 38 (4.15%) Visual Studio
14 27 (2.95%) IntelliJ
15 26 (2.84%) Travis CI
General
1 187 (20.44%) Finance
2 132 (14.43%) Banking
3 47 (5.14%) Investment Banking
4 42 (4.59%) Front Office
5 32 (3.50%) Retail
6 19 (2.08%) Telecoms
7 14 (1.53%) Automotive
8 13 (1.42%) Marketing
8 13 (1.42%) Publishing
9 12 (1.31%) Manufacturing
10 10 (1.09%) Advertising
10 10 (1.09%) Games
11 8 (0.87%) Retail Banking
12 7 (0.77%) Legal
13 6 (0.66%) Back Office
14 5 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.44%) Electronics
16 3 (0.33%) Financial Institution
17 2 (0.22%) General Ledger
18 1 (0.11%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 546 (59.67%) Developer
2 258 (28.20%) Java Developer
3 116 (12.68%) Senior Developer
4 97 (10.60%) Architect
5 61 (6.67%) .NET Developer
6 50 (5.46%) Senior Java Developer
7 47 (5.14%) DevOps Engineer
7 47 (5.14%) Full Stack Developer
8 42 (4.59%) DBA
8 42 (4.59%) SQL Developer
9 39 (4.26%) Oracle Developer
10 31 (3.39%) Data Engineer
10 31 (3.39%) Integration Developer
11 29 (3.17%) Data Architect
12 28 (3.06%) C# Developer
13 27 (2.95%) Front Office Developer
14 26 (2.84%) SC Cleared Java Developer
14 26 (2.84%) Solutions Architect
15 24 (2.62%) Senior .NET Developer
15 24 (2.62%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 212 (23.17%) Spring
2 197 (21.53%) REST
3 162 (17.70%) Hibernate
4 147 (16.07%) RESTful
4 147 (16.07%) XML
5 141 (15.41%) JMS
6 131 (14.32%) Web Services
7 128 (13.99%) JSON
8 127 (13.88%) .NET
9 99 (10.82%) HTML
9 99 (10.82%) Java EE
10 70 (7.65%) .NET Framework
11 67 (7.32%) AngularJS
12 66 (7.21%) CSS
13 64 (6.99%) J2EE
13 64 (6.99%) SOAP
14 57 (6.23%) jQuery
15 55 (6.01%) JPA
16 54 (5.90%) JAX-RS
17 53 (5.79%) Lambda Expressions
Miscellaneous
1 90 (9.84%) Analytical Skills
2 54 (5.90%) Linux Command Line
3 48 (5.25%) Greenfield Project
4 45 (4.92%) Enterprise Software
5 37 (4.04%) Derivative
6 31 (3.39%) Computer Science
7 27 (2.95%) Equities
7 27 (2.95%) Self-Motivation
8 24 (2.62%) Clustering
8 24 (2.62%) Management Information System
9 23 (2.51%) Replication
10 22 (2.40%) Equity Derivative
11 20 (2.19%) Fixed Income
12 19 (2.08%) Data Centre
13 15 (1.64%) Fintech
14 14 (1.53%) Algorithms
14 14 (1.53%) Mobile App
15 13 (1.42%) Data Structures
16 10 (1.09%) Market Risk
17 9 (0.98%) Fat Client
Operating Systems
1 267 (29.18%) Linux
2 215 (23.50%) Unix
3 51 (5.57%) Windows
4 37 (4.04%) VMS
5 25 (2.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 23 (2.51%) AIX
7 18 (1.97%) Windows Server
8 8 (0.87%) Solaris
9 7 (0.77%) Android
10 6 (0.66%) Apple iOS
10 6 (0.66%) CentOS
10 6 (0.66%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.33%) HPUX
13 2 (0.22%) Fedora
13 2 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
14 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 439 (47.98%) Agile Software Development
2 233 (25.46%) OO
3 204 (22.30%) Test Automation
4 192 (20.98%) TDD
5 181 (19.78%) Continuous Integration
6 162 (17.70%) Scrum
7 159 (17.38%) DevOps
8 143 (15.63%) Microservices
9 133 (14.54%) SDLC
10 125 (13.66%) Problem-Solving
11 119 (13.01%) Data Modelling
12 108 (11.80%) BDD
13 98 (10.71%) OOP
14 97 (10.60%) Unit Testing
15 93 (10.16%) MVC
16 89 (9.73%) Business Intelligence
16 89 (9.73%) ETL
16 89 (9.73%) Open Source
17 85 (9.29%) Analytics
18 78 (8.52%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 478 (52.24%) Java
2 356 (38.91%) SQL
3 185 (20.22%) Python
4 180 (19.67%) JavaScript
5 134 (14.64%) Java 8
6 103 (11.26%) C#
7 72 (7.87%) Perl
8 66 (7.21%) Bash Shell
9 65 (7.10%) Shell Script
10 63 (6.89%) Scala
11 53 (5.79%) JPQL
12 47 (5.14%) PL/SQL
13 32 (3.50%) Ruby
14 30 (3.28%) PHP
14 30 (3.28%) VB.NET
15 29 (3.17%) C++
16 26 (2.84%) PowerShell
17 25 (2.73%) C
18 21 (2.30%) XPath
19 19 (2.08%) Korn
Qualifications
1 102 (11.15%) Security Cleared
2 76 (8.31%) Degree
3 71 (7.76%) SC Cleared
4 17 (1.86%) BPSS Clearance
4 17 (1.86%) Master's Degree
5 16 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
6 11 (1.20%) Numerate Degree
7 9 (0.98%) CTC Cleared
8 6 (0.66%) RHCE
9 5 (0.55%) TOGAF Certification
10 4 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.33%) MCSE
11 3 (0.33%) Siebel Certification
12 2 (0.22%) ISEB
12 2 (0.22%) MCSA
12 2 (0.22%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 2 (0.22%) RHCSA
13 1 (0.11%) AWS Certification
13 1 (0.11%) CISSP
13 1 (0.11%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (4.04%) Data Quality
2 26 (2.84%) QA
3 15 (1.64%) GCP
4 9 (0.98%) Disclosure Scotland
5 8 (0.87%) GDPR
6 6 (0.66%) PMO
7 4 (0.44%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.22%) SLA
9 1 (0.11%) HL7
9 1 (0.11%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.11%) PSD2
System Software
1 85 (9.29%) Docker
2 27 (2.95%) Virtual Machines
3 15 (1.64%) Apache Flume
4 14 (1.53%) HDFS
5 13 (1.42%) Active Directory
6 12 (1.31%) VMware Infrastructure
7 10 (1.09%) Oracle RAC
8 5 (0.55%) VMware Server
9 2 (0.22%) Oracle Clusterware
10 1 (0.11%) Firmware
10 1 (0.11%) KVM
10 1 (0.11%) LXC
10 1 (0.11%) oVirt
10 1 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.11%) Xen
Systems Management
1 62 (6.78%) Opscode Chef
2 56 (6.12%) Puppet
3 47 (5.14%) Kubernetes
4 34 (3.72%) Ansible
5 14 (1.53%) BladeLogic
6 12 (1.31%) Galera Cluster
6 12 (1.31%) ITRS Geneos
6 12 (1.31%) Mesos
7 11 (1.20%) Data Guard
7 11 (1.20%) Terraform
8 9 (0.98%) Hadoop YARN
8 9 (0.98%) Marathon
9 8 (0.87%) Single Sign-On
9 8 (0.87%) Tivoli
10 7 (0.77%) logstash
10 7 (0.77%) Oozie
11 6 (0.66%) Graylog
11 6 (0.66%) Rancher
11 6 (0.66%) Rundeck
11 6 (0.66%) Suricata
Vendors
1 366 (40.00%) Oracle
2 112 (12.24%) Microsoft
3 46 (5.03%) Sybase
4 32 (3.50%) IBM
4 32 (3.50%) Splunk
5 24 (2.62%) Teradata
6 23 (2.51%) Tableau
7 20 (2.19%) SAP
8 19 (2.08%) Talend
9 18 (1.97%) Perforce
10 17 (1.86%) Google
11 14 (1.53%) AppDynamics
11 14 (1.53%) MapR
11 14 (1.53%) Red Hat
11 14 (1.53%) TIBCO
11 14 (1.53%) VMware
12 13 (1.42%) Atlassian
12 13 (1.42%) Cloudera
13 11 (1.20%) Hortonworks
13 11 (1.20%) MuleSoft