Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 408 370 327
Rank change year-on-year -38 -43 -12
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 398 208 748
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.55% 0.57% 0.82%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.57% 2.60% 3.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 234 141 467
10th Percentile £327 £356 £363
25th Percentile £421 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £713 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £431 £475
% change year-on-year +4.41% -9.26% +9.20%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 11
Median hourly rate - £27.43 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year - -50.14% +22.22%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £27.43 £55.00
% change year-on-year - -50.14% +22.22%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 15,458 8,013 20,726
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.39% 21.93% 22.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,645 5,540 14,323
10th Percentile £340 £325 £325
25th Percentile £413 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
75th Percentile £613 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +5.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 217 119 253
10th Percentile £12.39 £13.52 £12.90
25th Percentile £19.25 £17.79 £17.75
Median hourly rate £27.00 £22.82 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +18.32% -23.93% -
75th Percentile £48.75 £44.62 £50.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £61.98 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.00 £22.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -25.00% +4.35%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -40 303 £525 - 126
London -58 194 £575 +9.52% 55
UK excluding London -24 130 £450 +4.41% 78
Work from Home -182 97 £500 - 27
South East -20 35 £413 +1.85% 27
Scotland -36 35 £425 +1.49% 6
North of England -36 22 £400 -11.11% 21
Midlands -42 20 £450 - 11
East Midlands -9 14 £450 +5.88% 5
North West -46 12 £400 -11.11% 16
South West -1 11 £375 +3.45% 10
Yorkshire -14 10 £385 +18.46% 2
West Midlands -34 6 £525 -23.64% 6
Wales -11 3 £450 -7.69% 1
Northern Ireland -13 2 £483 +11.95% 1
East of England -25 2 £558 +1.36% 1

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 398 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 216 (54.27%) SQL
3 168 (42.21%) Oracle
4 165 (41.46%) Agile Software Development
5 147 (36.93%) Java
6 134 (33.67%) Social Skills
7 109 (27.39%) Finance
8 99 (24.87%) Python
9 92 (23.12%) Azure
9 92 (23.12%) AWS
10 86 (21.61%) NoSQL
11 84 (21.11%) SQL Server
12 82 (20.60%) DevOps
13 78 (19.60%) Banking
14 73 (18.34%) Microservices
15 72 (18.09%) Analytics
16 71 (17.84%) Spring
16 71 (17.84%) Git (software)
16 71 (17.84%) Data Modelling
16 71 (17.84%) PostgreSQL
17 70 (17.59%) Oracle Database
18 64 (16.08%) Analytical Skills
19 63 (15.83%) Problem-Solving
20 62 (15.58%) JIRA
21 61 (15.33%) JavaScript
22 60 (15.08%) Business Intelligence
23 59 (14.82%) ETL
23 59 (14.82%) Jenkins
24 58 (14.57%) Data Warehouse
25 55 (13.82%) Docker

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (12.31%) Apache Spark
2 28 (7.04%) Tomcat
3 20 (5.03%) Apache
4 16 (4.02%) WebLogic
5 13 (3.27%) Elasticsearch
6 12 (3.02%) Confluence
7 11 (2.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 9 (2.26%) Jupyter
9 8 (2.01%) CMS
10 7 (1.76%) GemFire
11 6 (1.51%) nginx
12 4 (1.01%) Apache Pig
12 4 (1.01%) JBoss
13 3 (0.75%) Appian
13 3 (0.75%) Documentum
13 3 (0.75%) IIS
13 3 (0.75%) Liferay
13 3 (0.75%) OpenStack
13 3 (0.75%) Oracle Application Server
13 3 (0.75%) SAS
Applications
1 16 (4.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.26%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.50%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 9 (2.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (1.01%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.75%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.50%) Markit EDM
4 2 (0.50%) Maximo
4 2 (0.50%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.50%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.25%) Endur
5 1 (0.25%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.25%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 92 (23.12%) AWS
1 92 (23.12%) Azure
2 40 (10.05%) Power Platform
3 38 (9.55%) GCP
4 22 (5.53%) Serverless
5 18 (4.52%) AWS CloudFormation
5 18 (4.52%) AWS Lambda
6 17 (4.27%) Amazon S3
6 17 (4.27%) Azure Data Factory
7 12 (3.02%) Amazon EC2
7 12 (3.02%) Amazon SQS
8 11 (2.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 11 (2.76%) SaaS
9 10 (2.51%) Amazon Kinesis
9 10 (2.51%) GitHub
9 10 (2.51%) IaaS
10 8 (2.01%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 8 (2.01%) OpenShift
10 8 (2.01%) PaaS
10 8 (2.01%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 11 (2.76%) HTTP
2 9 (2.26%) DNS
3 8 (2.01%) TCP/IP
4 5 (1.26%) SSL
5 4 (1.01%) Firewall
6 3 (0.75%) InfiniBand
6 3 (0.75%) SAN
7 2 (0.50%) Cisco Nexus
7 2 (0.50%) Internet
7 2 (0.50%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.50%) NX-OS
7 2 (0.50%) X.500
8 1 (0.25%) AMQP
8 1 (0.25%) DHCP
8 1 (0.25%) FTP
8 1 (0.25%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.25%) LAN
8 1 (0.25%) WAN
8 1 (0.25%) WebEx
8 1 (0.25%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 398 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 86 (21.61%) NoSQL
3 84 (21.11%) SQL Server
4 71 (17.84%) PostgreSQL
5 70 (17.59%) Oracle Database
6 58 (14.57%) Data Warehouse
7 45 (11.31%) Big Data
8 44 (11.06%) Hadoop
9 37 (9.30%) MySQL
10 36 (9.05%) Power BI
11 35 (8.79%) Tableau
12 33 (8.29%) MongoDB
13 31 (7.79%) Apache Hive
14 30 (7.54%) Oracle Database 12c
15 25 (6.28%) Data Lake
16 23 (5.78%) Apache Cassandra
16 23 (5.78%) Oracle Database 11g
17 22 (5.53%) HBase
18 18 (4.52%) Redis
19 17 (4.27%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 71 (17.84%) Git (software)
2 62 (15.58%) JIRA
3 59 (14.82%) Jenkins
4 25 (6.28%) Maven
5 23 (5.78%) JUnit
6 19 (4.77%) TeamCity
7 14 (3.52%) Cucumber
7 14 (3.52%) Eclipse
8 13 (3.27%) Gradle
8 13 (3.27%) IntelliJ
8 13 (3.27%) Selenium
8 13 (3.27%) Visual Studio
9 12 (3.02%) Subversion
10 11 (2.76%) Artifactory
11 9 (2.26%) Bitbucket
11 9 (2.26%) GitLab
12 8 (2.01%) SonarQube
13 7 (1.76%) Ant
14 6 (1.51%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 6 (1.51%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 134 (33.67%) Social Skills
2 109 (27.39%) Finance
3 78 (19.60%) Banking
4 64 (16.08%) Analytical Skills
5 27 (6.78%) Investment Banking
6 14 (3.52%) Pharmaceutical
6 14 (3.52%) Public Sector
7 12 (3.02%) Retail
8 10 (2.51%) Presentation Skills
8 10 (2.51%) Retail Banking
9 8 (2.01%) Front Office
10 5 (1.26%) Marketing
11 4 (1.01%) Documentation Skills
11 4 (1.01%) Legal
11 4 (1.01%) Public Speaking
12 2 (0.50%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.50%) Games
12 2 (0.50%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 2 (0.50%) Publishing
12 2 (0.50%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 138 (34.67%) Developer
2 63 (15.83%) Architect
3 54 (13.57%) Java Developer
4 48 (12.06%) Data Engineer
5 36 (9.05%) Analyst
6 28 (7.04%) Data Architect
7 27 (6.78%) Solutions Architect
8 18 (4.52%) DBA
8 18 (4.52%) Senior Developer
9 17 (4.27%) Consultant
10 16 (4.02%) Oracle Developer
11 15 (3.77%) .NET Developer
12 14 (3.52%) C# Developer
12 14 (3.52%) Full Stack Developer
12 14 (3.52%) SQL Developer
13 13 (3.27%) Data Modeller
13 13 (3.27%) Support Engineer
14 12 (3.02%) Data Analyst
15 10 (2.51%) Business Analyst
15 10 (2.51%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 71 (17.84%) Spring
2 49 (12.31%) RESTful
3 44 (11.06%) HTML
4 40 (10.05%) Spring Boot
5 39 (9.80%) Kafka
6 38 (9.55%) JSON
6 38 (9.55%) Web Services
7 33 (8.29%) REST
8 32 (8.04%) CSS
9 29 (7.29%) XML
10 27 (6.78%) .NET
10 27 (6.78%) Node.js
11 26 (6.53%) AngularJS
12 24 (6.03%) JMS
13 23 (5.78%) React
14 22 (5.53%) HTML5
15 18 (4.52%) Hibernate
16 16 (4.02%) J2EE
16 16 (4.02%) SOAP
17 14 (3.52%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 24 (6.03%) Data Structures
2 19 (4.77%) Enterprise Software
2 19 (4.77%) Reference Data
3 17 (4.27%) Fixed Income
4 14 (3.52%) FMCG
5 13 (3.27%) Replication
6 12 (3.02%) Credit Risk
7 11 (2.76%) Management Information System
7 11 (2.76%) Virtual Team
8 10 (2.51%) Clustering
8 10 (2.51%) Derivative
9 9 (2.26%) Legacy Systems
10 8 (2.01%) Data Centre
10 8 (2.01%) Self-Motivation
10 8 (2.01%) User Experience
11 7 (1.76%) Equities
11 7 (1.76%) N-Tier
12 6 (1.51%) Algorithms
12 6 (1.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 6 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 53 (13.32%) Linux
2 44 (11.06%) Unix
3 29 (7.29%) Windows
4 10 (2.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 6 (1.51%) Windows Server
6 4 (1.01%) AIX
7 3 (0.75%) Solaris
7 3 (0.75%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.25%) OpenVMS
8 1 (0.25%) Oracle Linux
8 1 (0.25%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 165 (41.46%) Agile Software Development
2 82 (20.60%) DevOps
3 73 (18.34%) Microservices
4 72 (18.09%) Analytics
5 71 (17.84%) Data Modelling
6 63 (15.83%) Problem-Solving
7 60 (15.08%) Business Intelligence
8 59 (14.82%) ETL
9 48 (12.06%) Migration
10 47 (11.81%) Scrum
11 37 (9.30%) Test Automation
12 36 (9.05%) TDD
13 35 (8.79%) Continuous Integration
13 35 (8.79%) Performance Tuning
14 33 (8.29%) Data Engineering
14 33 (8.29%) OO
14 33 (8.29%) SDLC
15 32 (8.04%) Data Pipeline
16 29 (7.29%) Visualisation
17 28 (7.04%) Full Stack Development
Programming Languages
1 216 (54.27%) SQL
2 147 (36.93%) Java
3 99 (24.87%) Python
4 61 (15.33%) JavaScript
5 35 (8.79%) PL/SQL
6 34 (8.54%) C#
7 27 (6.78%) Scala
8 26 (6.53%) Shell Script
9 18 (4.52%) Java 8
10 17 (4.27%) Perl
11 15 (3.77%) VBA
12 14 (3.52%) Bash Shell
12 14 (3.52%) Groovy
13 11 (2.76%) PHP
14 10 (2.51%) R
14 10 (2.51%) T-SQL
14 10 (2.51%) TypeScript
15 9 (2.26%) C
16 7 (1.76%) PowerShell
17 6 (1.51%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 31 (7.79%) Security Cleared
2 26 (6.53%) Degree
3 15 (3.77%) SC Cleared
4 7 (1.76%) OCP
4 7 (1.76%) Oracle Certification
5 5 (1.26%) AWS Certification
5 5 (1.26%) DV Cleared
6 4 (1.01%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (1.01%) TOGAF Certification
7 2 (0.50%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (0.50%) PhD
8 1 (0.25%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.25%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.25%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (4.52%) Data Quality
2 14 (3.52%) QA
3 12 (3.02%) GDPR
4 5 (1.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 4 (1.01%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.50%) Accessibility
6 2 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.50%) HL7
7 1 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.25%) NIST
7 1 (0.25%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.25%) PSD2
System Software
1 55 (13.82%) Docker
2 20 (5.03%) HDFS
3 11 (2.76%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 10 (2.51%) Active Directory
5 9 (2.26%) Oracle RAC
6 6 (1.51%) Apache Flume
7 4 (1.01%) VMware Infrastructure
8 3 (0.75%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.75%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 42 (10.55%) Kubernetes
2 22 (5.53%) Terraform
3 16 (4.02%) Ansible
4 15 (3.77%) Data Guard
5 11 (2.76%) Oracle RMAN
6 10 (2.51%) Grafana
6 10 (2.51%) Kibana
6 10 (2.51%) Prometheus
7 8 (2.01%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 6 (1.51%) Control-M
8 6 (1.51%) Rancher
9 4 (1.01%) Graphite
9 4 (1.01%) logstash
9 4 (1.01%) Opscode Chef
9 4 (1.01%) Perfmon
9 4 (1.01%) Puppet
10 3 (0.75%) Istio
10 3 (0.75%) Oracle ZFS
10 3 (0.75%) SCOrch
10 3 (0.75%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 168 (42.21%) Oracle
2 28 (7.04%) Microsoft
3 23 (5.78%) Google
4 22 (5.53%) IBM
5 19 (4.77%) Alteryx
6 18 (4.52%) SAP
7 17 (4.27%) Dataiku
7 17 (4.27%) Sybase
8 16 (4.02%) Databricks
9 13 (3.27%) Cloudera
10 12 (3.02%) Informatica
11 10 (2.51%) Red Hat
12 9 (2.26%) MuleSoft
12 9 (2.26%) Sparx
12 9 (2.26%) Splunk
12 9 (2.26%) Talend
12 9 (2.26%) TIBCO
13 6 (1.51%) Bloomberg
13 6 (1.51%) Delphix
13 6 (1.51%) StreamSets