Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 403 372 326
Rank change year-on-year -31 -46 -20
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 285 296 761
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.50% 0.59% 0.83%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.38% 2.77% 3.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 184 180 492
10th Percentile £343 £345 £363
25th Percentile £400 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £563 £575
90th Percentile £645 £646 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £430 £463
% change year-on-year -1.16% -7.03% +7.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 13
10th Percentile £44.08 " £18.05
25th Percentile £45.90 £26.65 £22.36
Median hourly rate £48.94 £27.43 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +78.43% -42.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £51.97 £28.20 £60.00
90th Percentile £53.79 " "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.87 £27.43 £47.50
% change year-on-year +56.32% -42.26% +5.56%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 11,994 10,696 20,590
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.99% 21.21% 22.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,190 7,355 14,308
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £406 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £480 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +2.15%
75th Percentile £599 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £450 £430
% change year-on-year -2.22% +4.65% +3.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 212 160 231
10th Percentile £11.49 £13.72 £13.25
25th Percentile £19.00 £18.19 £17.81
Median hourly rate £26.25 £24.70 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +6.28% -17.67% -
75th Percentile £45.00 £46.00 £47.50
90th Percentile £61.15 £58.15 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £22.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +6.67% -25.00% -

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -21 219 £501 +0.10% 81
London -46 137 £550 +4.76% 36
UK excluding London +15 111 £425 -1.16% 54
Work from Home -211 61 £475 -9.52% 24
Scotland -10 33 £395 -16.84% 8
North of England +13 21 £440 +3.53% 14
Midlands +16 19 £450 - 6
South East +26 17 £413 +3.13% 14
North West 0 12 £441 +5.06% 7
West Midlands +12 11 £450 -34.55% 1
South West +39 9 £515 +3.00% 7
Yorkshire +32 9 £300 -33.70% 6
East of England +17 5 £538 +14.67% 4
Wales +6 5 £390 -20.00%
East Midlands +9 4 £363 -19.44% 5
Northern Ireland +3 1 £431 +23.14% 1
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 285 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 178 (62.46%) SQL
3 119 (41.75%) Agile Software Development
4 109 (38.25%) Java
5 101 (35.44%) Oracle
6 80 (28.07%) Finance
6 80 (28.07%) Social Skills
7 75 (26.32%) Python
8 69 (24.21%) DevOps
9 64 (22.46%) NoSQL
10 60 (21.05%) SQL Server
11 59 (20.70%) Spring
11 59 (20.70%) Microservices
12 58 (20.35%) Data Modelling
13 57 (20.00%) AWS
14 54 (18.95%) Banking
15 50 (17.54%) Migration
16 48 (16.84%) JIRA
16 48 (16.84%) Jenkins
17 47 (16.49%) Azure
18 44 (15.44%) ETL
18 44 (15.44%) Oracle Database
19 43 (15.09%) Web Services
19 43 (15.09%) Linux
20 42 (14.74%) Analytical Skills
21 41 (14.39%) Spring Boot
22 38 (13.33%) Kafka
22 38 (13.33%) Continuous Integration
23 37 (12.98%) JSON
23 37 (12.98%) Git (software)

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (6.67%) Jupyter
2 18 (6.32%) Apache Spark
3 17 (5.96%) WebLogic
4 15 (5.26%) Tomcat
5 11 (3.86%) Apache
5 11 (3.86%) Confluence
5 11 (3.86%) Elasticsearch
6 10 (3.51%) JBoss
7 9 (3.16%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 7 (2.46%) CMS
8 7 (2.46%) IIS
8 7 (2.46%) Liferay
9 5 (1.75%) Oracle Application Server
10 3 (1.05%) Appian
10 3 (1.05%) GemFire
10 3 (1.05%) SAS
11 2 (0.70%) Apache Solr
11 2 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.70%) Oracle Workflow
11 2 (0.70%) SharePoint
Applications
1 11 (3.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.75%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 12 (4.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 7 (2.46%) Oracle EBS R12
3 6 (2.11%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.70%) Maximo
4 2 (0.70%) Oracle 11i
5 1 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.35%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 57 (20.00%) AWS
2 47 (16.49%) Azure
3 25 (8.77%) Power Platform
4 18 (6.32%) AWS CloudFormation
5 17 (5.96%) GCP
6 13 (4.56%) OpenShift
7 12 (4.21%) AWS Lambda
7 12 (4.21%) Serverless
8 11 (3.86%) Amazon Kinesis
8 11 (3.86%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 8 (2.81%) Amazon ECS
9 8 (2.81%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 8 (2.81%) Amazon SQS
9 8 (2.81%) PaaS
10 7 (2.46%) Amazon S3
10 7 (2.46%) Apigee
11 6 (2.11%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (2.11%) Amazon EC2
11 6 (2.11%) GitHub
12 5 (1.75%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 10 (3.51%) HTTP
2 7 (2.46%) SSL
2 7 (2.46%) TCP/IP
3 5 (1.75%) DNS
4 4 (1.40%) VLAN
5 3 (1.05%) InfiniBand
6 2 (0.70%) DMZ
6 2 (0.70%) Firewall
6 2 (0.70%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.35%) FTP
7 1 (0.35%) LAN
7 1 (0.35%) WAN
7 1 (0.35%) WebEx
7 1 (0.35%) Wireless
7 1 (0.35%) X.21
7 1 (0.35%) X.500
Database & Business Intelligence
1 285 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 64 (22.46%) NoSQL
3 60 (21.05%) SQL Server
4 44 (15.44%) Oracle Database
5 30 (10.53%) PostgreSQL
6 27 (9.47%) Data Warehouse
7 22 (7.72%) Big Data
8 21 (7.37%) Tableau
9 20 (7.02%) Hadoop
9 20 (7.02%) MongoDB
9 20 (7.02%) Power BI
10 18 (6.32%) MySQL
11 12 (4.21%) DB2
11 12 (4.21%) Oracle Database 12c
11 12 (4.21%) Oracle ODI
12 11 (3.86%) Apache Hive
13 10 (3.51%) Apache Cassandra
13 10 (3.51%) Oracle Database 11g
14 9 (3.16%) Redis
14 9 (3.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 48 (16.84%) Jenkins
1 48 (16.84%) JIRA
2 37 (12.98%) Git (software)
3 16 (5.61%) JUnit
4 15 (5.26%) Maven
5 14 (4.91%) TeamCity
6 12 (4.21%) Gradle
6 12 (4.21%) Selenium
6 12 (4.21%) SonarQube
7 7 (2.46%) Sonatype Nexus
8 6 (2.11%) Ant
8 6 (2.11%) Bitbucket Server
8 6 (2.11%) CA Release Automation
8 6 (2.11%) Cucumber
8 6 (2.11%) GitLab
8 6 (2.11%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
8 6 (2.11%) Subversion
9 5 (1.75%) Eclipse
10 4 (1.40%) Oracle APEX
10 4 (1.40%) Toad
General
1 80 (28.07%) Finance
1 80 (28.07%) Social Skills
2 54 (18.95%) Banking
3 42 (14.74%) Analytical Skills
4 25 (8.77%) Public Sector
5 14 (4.91%) Retail Banking
6 10 (3.51%) Investment Banking
7 8 (2.81%) Marketing
8 7 (2.46%) Pharmaceutical
9 5 (1.75%) Law
10 4 (1.40%) Retail
11 3 (1.05%) Presentation Skills
12 2 (0.70%) Documentation Skills
12 2 (0.70%) Front Office
12 2 (0.70%) Publishing
13 1 (0.35%) Back Office
13 1 (0.35%) French Language
13 1 (0.35%) German Language
13 1 (0.35%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 99 (34.74%) Developer
2 48 (16.84%) Architect
3 40 (14.04%) Java Developer
4 33 (11.58%) Data Engineer
5 28 (9.82%) Analyst
6 25 (8.77%) Data Architect
7 17 (5.96%) Consultant
8 14 (4.91%) DBA
9 13 (4.56%) AWS Developer
9 13 (4.56%) Data Analyst
10 12 (4.21%) Senior Developer
11 10 (3.51%) Data Modeller
11 10 (3.51%) Oracle Developer
11 10 (3.51%) Solutions Architect
12 9 (3.16%) Technical Analyst
13 8 (2.81%) Full Stack Developer
14 7 (2.46%) .NET Developer
14 7 (2.46%) DevOps Engineer
14 7 (2.46%) Python Engineer
14 7 (2.46%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (20.70%) Spring
2 43 (15.09%) Web Services
3 41 (14.39%) Spring Boot
4 38 (13.33%) Kafka
5 37 (12.98%) JSON
6 34 (11.93%) RESTful
7 31 (10.88%) HTML
8 29 (10.18%) REST
8 29 (10.18%) XML
9 21 (7.37%) NumPy
9 21 (7.37%) Pandas
10 20 (7.02%) .NET
10 20 (7.02%) Hibernate
11 19 (6.67%) AngularJS
11 19 (6.67%) CSS
11 19 (6.67%) JMS
12 18 (6.32%) HTML5
13 14 (4.91%) GraphQL
14 13 (4.56%) SOAP
15 12 (4.21%) React
Miscellaneous
1 23 (8.07%) Reference Data
2 17 (5.96%) Enterprise Software
3 13 (4.56%) Equities
4 11 (3.86%) Fixed Income
4 11 (3.86%) Virtual Team
5 9 (3.16%) Clustering
6 8 (2.81%) User Experience
7 7 (2.46%) FMCG
7 7 (2.46%) Management Information System
8 6 (2.11%) Data Structures
8 6 (2.11%) Replication
9 5 (1.75%) Semantic Web
10 4 (1.40%) Credit Risk
11 3 (1.05%) Algorithms
11 3 (1.05%) Cloud Native
11 3 (1.05%) Data Centre
11 3 (1.05%) Derivative
11 3 (1.05%) Greenfield Project
11 3 (1.05%) Mainframe
12 2 (0.70%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 43 (15.09%) Linux
2 27 (9.47%) Unix
3 23 (8.07%) Windows
4 9 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (1.75%) Windows Server
6 3 (1.05%) VME
6 3 (1.05%) Windows Server 2008
7 2 (0.70%) AIX
8 1 (0.35%) CentOS
8 1 (0.35%) OpenVMS
8 1 (0.35%) Solaris
8 1 (0.35%) SUSE
8 1 (0.35%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.35%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 119 (41.75%) Agile Software Development
2 69 (24.21%) DevOps
3 59 (20.70%) Microservices
4 58 (20.35%) Data Modelling
5 50 (17.54%) Migration
6 44 (15.44%) ETL
7 38 (13.33%) Continuous Integration
8 37 (12.98%) Business Intelligence
9 35 (12.28%) Problem-Solving
10 34 (11.93%) TDD
11 33 (11.58%) Performance Tuning
11 33 (11.58%) Test Automation
12 29 (10.18%) Analytics
12 29 (10.18%) Logical Data Model
13 26 (9.12%) Data Integration
13 26 (9.12%) Data Migration
13 26 (9.12%) Data Science
14 25 (8.77%) OO
14 25 (8.77%) Visualisation
15 24 (8.42%) Data Engineering
Programming Languages
1 178 (62.46%) SQL
2 109 (38.25%) Java
3 75 (26.32%) Python
4 28 (9.82%) JavaScript
4 28 (9.82%) PL/SQL
5 24 (8.42%) Scala
6 21 (7.37%) C#
7 17 (5.96%) Perl
8 11 (3.86%) Java 8
8 11 (3.86%) VBA
9 10 (3.51%) Shell Script
10 8 (2.81%) Go
11 6 (2.11%) Groovy
11 6 (2.11%) R
11 6 (2.11%) T-SQL
12 5 (1.75%) C
12 5 (1.75%) PowerShell
12 5 (1.75%) SHACL
12 5 (1.75%) SPARQL
13 4 (1.40%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 21 (7.37%) Security Cleared
2 13 (4.56%) SC Cleared
3 11 (3.86%) Degree
4 7 (2.46%) AWS Certification
4 7 (2.46%) DV Cleared
5 5 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (1.75%) TOGAF Certification
6 3 (1.05%) OCP
6 3 (1.05%) Oracle Certification
7 2 (0.70%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.35%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.35%) ISEB
8 1 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.35%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (4.56%) QA
2 12 (4.21%) Data Quality
3 8 (2.81%) GDPR
4 1 (0.35%) Def Stans
4 1 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.35%) HL7
4 1 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 1 (0.35%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.35%) PSD2
System Software
1 30 (10.53%) Docker
2 9 (3.16%) Active Directory
3 8 (2.81%) Apache Flume
4 4 (1.40%) HDFS
4 4 (1.40%) Oracle Clusterware
4 4 (1.40%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.70%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 29 (10.18%) Kubernetes
2 10 (3.51%) Kibana
2 10 (3.51%) Opscode Chef
3 9 (3.16%) Oracle RMAN
4 7 (2.46%) Data Guard
5 5 (1.75%) Ansible
5 5 (1.75%) Grafana
5 5 (1.75%) Prometheus
5 5 (1.75%) Terraform
6 4 (1.40%) Oracle Flashback
6 4 (1.40%) Perfmon
7 3 (1.05%) Oracle ZFS
7 3 (1.05%) PingFederate
7 3 (1.05%) Puppet
8 2 (0.70%) HAProxy
8 2 (0.70%) Nagios
8 2 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.35%) Istio
9 1 (0.35%) Salt
Vendors
1 101 (35.44%) Oracle
2 27 (9.47%) Microsoft
3 21 (7.37%) Dataiku
4 20 (7.02%) Alteryx
5 14 (4.91%) IBM
5 14 (4.91%) SAP
6 12 (4.21%) Cloudera
6 12 (4.21%) Sparx
6 12 (4.21%) Splunk
7 10 (3.51%) Sybase
8 9 (3.16%) MuleSoft
8 9 (3.16%) Red Hat
9 7 (2.46%) AppDynamics
10 6 (2.11%) Salesforce.com
11 5 (1.75%) Google
11 5 (1.75%) StreamSets
11 5 (1.75%) Talend
12 4 (1.40%) Confluent
12 4 (1.40%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 3 (1.05%) Databricks