Period
to 26 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 26 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
26 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 351 366 302
Rank change year-on-year +15 -64 -37
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 183 544 922
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.57% 0.65% 0.89%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.52% 2.96% 3.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 119 324 631
Median daily rate £450 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £300 £363 £363
90th Percentile £655 £625 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 3
Median hourly rate £35.00 £41.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.63% -8.89% +83.79%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £41.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -14.63% -8.89% +52.54%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 7,276 18,403 23,616
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.62% 21.82% 22.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,640 12,536 16,480
Median daily rate £481 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.21% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £320 £313
90th Percentile £665 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -0.57% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 156 267 231
Median hourly rate £35.00 £31.00 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.90% +10.71% -6.67%
10th Percentile £14.00 £12.70 £12.46
90th Percentile £51.75 £60.00 £56.00
Median hourly rate £31.25 £30.00 £32.00
% change year-on-year +4.17% -6.25% -4.48%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 26 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 26 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +38 146 £495 -5.71% 62
London +20 94 £525 -4.55% 20
UK excluding London +113 73 £425 -5.56% 49
Work from Home -80 29 £444 -13.41% 8
North of England +114 20 £450 - 14
North West +86 19 £450 +12.50% 9
South East +114 15 £350 -22.22% 16
Northern Ireland +13 12 £431 -15.90%
Scotland +28 11 £287 -36.22% 5
Wales +36 7 £425 -5.56% 2
East of England +91 4 £381 -7.58% 2
Midlands +83 4 £400 -3.90% 5
East Midlands +42 4 £400 -3.90% 1
North East +37 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 26 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 183 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 88 (48.09%) SQL
3 83 (45.36%) Oracle
4 80 (43.72%) Java
5 65 (35.52%) Agile Software Development
5 65 (35.52%) AWS
6 63 (34.43%) Finance
7 61 (33.33%) SQL Server
8 50 (27.32%) Python
9 42 (22.95%) NoSQL
10 41 (22.40%) Linux
11 40 (21.86%) Banking
12 39 (21.31%) Test Automation
13 36 (19.67%) Analytical Skills
14 35 (19.13%) Microservices
14 35 (19.13%) Jenkins
15 33 (18.03%) Continuous Integration
15 33 (18.03%) Unix
15 33 (18.03%) MySQL
16 32 (17.49%) Data Modelling
17 31 (16.94%) Spring
17 31 (16.94%) Azure
18 30 (16.39%) Software Engineering
18 30 (16.39%) Web Services
19 29 (15.85%) DevOps
19 29 (15.85%) Oracle Database
20 28 (15.30%) PostgreSQL
21 27 (14.75%) Git (software)
22 26 (14.21%) ETL
23 24 (13.11%) SonarQube

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (4.92%) Confluence
2 6 (3.28%) Apache Spark
3 5 (2.73%) Apache
3 5 (2.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 5 (2.73%) TPMS
3 5 (2.73%) WebLogic
4 4 (2.19%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (1.64%) Red Hat Fuse
5 3 (1.64%) SAS
5 3 (1.64%) SharePoint
5 3 (1.64%) Tomcat
5 3 (1.64%) Tuxedo
6 2 (1.09%) IIS
6 2 (1.09%) Oracle Workflow
7 1 (0.55%) Anypoint
7 1 (0.55%) Appian
7 1 (0.55%) CloudStack
7 1 (0.55%) MTS
7 1 (0.55%) nginx
7 1 (0.55%) OpenStack
Applications
1 7 (3.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.64%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (1.64%) Oracle EBS
2 2 (1.09%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.55%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.55%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 65 (35.52%) AWS
2 31 (16.94%) Azure
3 23 (12.57%) Serverless
4 22 (12.02%) AWS CloudFormation
5 20 (10.93%) Coveralls
6 18 (9.84%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 18 (9.84%) AWS Lambda
7 15 (8.20%) AWS CloudTrail
8 12 (6.56%) Power Platform
9 11 (6.01%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 8 (4.37%) GCP
10 8 (4.37%) PaaS
11 6 (3.28%) SaaS
12 5 (2.73%) Amazon Kinesis
13 3 (1.64%) Amazon ECS
13 3 (1.64%) Amazon ElastiCache
13 3 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
13 3 (1.64%) IaaS
13 3 (1.64%) Logic Apps
13 3 (1.64%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 14 (7.65%) HTTP
2 13 (7.10%) DNS
3 3 (1.64%) Firewall
4 2 (1.09%) Internet
4 2 (1.09%) Kerberos
4 2 (1.09%) SSH
4 2 (1.09%) SSL
5 1 (0.55%) FTP
5 1 (0.55%) LAN
5 1 (0.55%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.55%) Unified Communications
5 1 (0.55%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 183 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 61 (33.33%) SQL Server
3 42 (22.95%) NoSQL
4 33 (18.03%) MySQL
5 29 (15.85%) Oracle Database
6 28 (15.30%) PostgreSQL
7 22 (12.02%) Data Warehouse
8 20 (10.93%) Amazon Aurora
9 14 (7.65%) Big Data
10 11 (6.01%) Data Lake
11 10 (5.46%) MongoDB
12 9 (4.92%) DB2
12 9 (4.92%) Hadoop
12 9 (4.92%) Oracle Database 11g
12 9 (4.92%) Power BI
13 8 (4.37%) Cosmos DB
13 8 (4.37%) Oracle Database 12c
13 8 (4.37%) Tableau
14 7 (3.83%) Amazon RDS
15 5 (2.73%) HBase
Development Applications
1 35 (19.13%) Jenkins
2 27 (14.75%) Git (software)
3 24 (13.11%) SonarQube
4 16 (8.74%) Maven
5 15 (8.20%) JIRA
6 14 (7.65%) JUnit
6 14 (7.65%) TeamCity
7 11 (6.01%) Bitbucket Server
7 11 (6.01%) Gradle
8 6 (3.28%) Subversion
9 5 (2.73%) Ant
9 5 (2.73%) Eclipse
9 5 (2.73%) LoadRunner
10 4 (2.19%) Bitbucket
10 4 (2.19%) HP UFT
10 4 (2.19%) Toad
11 3 (1.64%) GitLab
11 3 (1.64%) Karma Test Runner
11 3 (1.64%) Postman
11 3 (1.64%) TestLink
General
1 63 (34.43%) Finance
2 40 (21.86%) Banking
3 17 (9.29%) Public Sector
4 6 (3.28%) Law
4 6 (3.28%) Legal
5 5 (2.73%) Front Office
6 4 (2.19%) Back Office
6 4 (2.19%) Investment Banking
6 4 (2.19%) Marketing
7 3 (1.64%) Retail Banking
8 2 (1.09%) Retail
8 2 (1.09%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.55%) Advertising
9 1 (0.55%) Electronics
9 1 (0.55%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.55%) Police
9 1 (0.55%) Private Banking
9 1 (0.55%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 83 (45.36%) Developer
2 45 (24.59%) Java Developer
3 35 (19.13%) AWS Engineer
4 27 (14.75%) Architect
5 26 (14.21%) AWS Developer
6 22 (12.02%) Software Engineer
7 20 (10.93%) AWS Software Engineer
7 20 (10.93%) Developer/Software Engineer
8 17 (9.29%) Java Engineer
8 17 (9.29%) Java Software Developer
8 17 (9.29%) Java Software Engineer
9 16 (8.74%) Data Architect
9 16 (8.74%) DBA
10 14 (7.65%) SQL Developer
11 13 (7.10%) Cloud Engineer
12 11 (6.01%) Analyst
13 10 (5.46%) Oracle DBA
14 8 (4.37%) Ab Initio Developer
14 8 (4.37%) ETL Developer
15 7 (3.83%) COBOL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (16.94%) Spring
2 30 (16.39%) Web Services
3 20 (10.93%) gRPC
3 20 (10.93%) REST
4 18 (9.84%) JSON
5 17 (9.29%) J2EE
6 15 (8.20%) Dropwizard
7 14 (7.65%) J2SE
7 14 (7.65%) XML
8 12 (6.56%) HTML
8 12 (6.56%) Kafka
9 11 (6.01%) Flask
10 10 (5.46%) Django
10 10 (5.46%) FIX Protocol
11 9 (4.92%) .NET
11 9 (4.92%) HTML5
12 8 (4.37%) Protocol Buffers
12 8 (4.37%) Spring Boot
13 7 (3.83%) JMS
13 7 (3.83%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 36 (19.67%) Analytical Skills
2 14 (7.65%) Pricing Data
3 13 (7.10%) Enterprise Software
4 10 (5.46%) Reference Data
5 9 (4.92%) Virtual Team
6 8 (4.37%) Clustering
6 8 (4.37%) Public Cloud
7 6 (3.28%) Data Structures
7 6 (3.28%) Management Information System
8 5 (2.73%) Credit Risk
8 5 (2.73%) Greenfield Project
9 4 (2.19%) Data Centre
9 4 (2.19%) Equities
9 4 (2.19%) Fixed Income
9 4 (2.19%) N-Tier
10 3 (1.64%) Linux Command Line
10 3 (1.64%) Mainframe
10 3 (1.64%) Mobile App
10 3 (1.64%) Mobile Banking
10 3 (1.64%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 41 (22.40%) Linux
2 33 (18.03%) Unix
3 17 (9.29%) Windows
4 6 (3.28%) Windows Server
5 3 (1.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 3 (1.64%) Solaris
6 2 (1.09%) AIX
6 2 (1.09%) Windows 7
6 2 (1.09%) Windows 8
7 1 (0.55%) Android
7 1 (0.55%) HPUX
7 1 (0.55%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (0.55%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 65 (35.52%) Agile Software Development
2 39 (21.31%) Test Automation
3 35 (19.13%) Microservices
4 33 (18.03%) Continuous Integration
5 32 (17.49%) Data Modelling
6 30 (16.39%) Software Engineering
7 29 (15.85%) DevOps
8 26 (14.21%) ETL
9 24 (13.11%) Analytics
9 24 (13.11%) Performance Tuning
10 23 (12.57%) Business Intelligence
11 22 (12.02%) Problem-Solving
12 20 (10.93%) Asset Management
12 20 (10.93%) Infrastructure as Code
13 19 (10.38%) TDD
14 17 (9.29%) Blue-Green Deployment
14 17 (9.29%) Data Management
15 15 (8.20%) Canary Deployment
15 15 (8.20%) Data Architecture
15 15 (8.20%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 88 (48.09%) SQL
2 80 (43.72%) Java
3 50 (27.32%) Python
4 18 (9.84%) JavaScript
5 15 (8.20%) Shell Script
6 14 (7.65%) Bash Shell
7 7 (3.83%) C#
7 7 (3.83%) COBOL
7 7 (3.83%) Java 8
7 7 (3.83%) PL/SQL
8 6 (3.28%) Perl
8 6 (3.28%) R
8 6 (3.28%) T-SQL
9 4 (2.19%) PowerShell
10 3 (1.64%) Go
10 3 (1.64%) Scala
11 2 (1.09%) C++
11 2 (1.09%) Erlang
11 2 (1.09%) VB.NET
12 1 (0.55%) VBA
Qualifications
1 19 (10.38%) Security Cleared
2 16 (8.74%) SC Cleared
3 13 (7.10%) Degree
4 4 (2.19%) Master's Degree
5 3 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (1.09%) AWS Certification
6 2 (1.09%) DV Cleared
6 2 (1.09%) TOGAF Certification
7 1 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.55%) CEH
7 1 (0.55%) CISA
7 1 (0.55%) CISM
7 1 (0.55%) CISSP
7 1 (0.55%) CRISC
7 1 (0.55%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.55%) ISSAP
7 1 (0.55%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (9.84%) QA
2 13 (7.10%) Data Quality
3 4 (2.19%) MiFID
4 3 (1.64%) GDPR
4 3 (1.64%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (1.09%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.55%) COBIT
6 1 (0.55%) COSO
6 1 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.55%) NIST
6 1 (0.55%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.55%) SLA
System Software
1 23 (12.57%) Docker
2 5 (2.73%) VMware Infrastructure
3 3 (1.64%) Active Directory
3 3 (1.64%) HDFS
4 2 (1.09%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 2 (1.09%) Oracle RAC
5 1 (0.55%) Citrix Hypervisor
5 1 (0.55%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.55%) Oracle Clusterware
5 1 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 15 (8.20%) Opscode Chef
2 11 (6.01%) Puppet
3 10 (5.46%) Kubernetes
3 10 (5.46%) Terraform
4 8 (4.37%) Data Guard
5 4 (2.19%) Ansible
5 4 (2.19%) Nagios
6 3 (1.64%) Grafana
6 3 (1.64%) Graylog
6 3 (1.64%) Hadoop YARN
6 3 (1.64%) HP ALM
6 3 (1.64%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.55%) Control-M
7 1 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 83 (45.36%) Oracle
2 21 (11.48%) Sybase
3 18 (9.84%) Microsoft
4 10 (5.46%) Ab Initio
5 9 (4.92%) Informatica
6 6 (3.28%) Cloudera
7 5 (2.73%) Micro Focus
7 5 (2.73%) VMware
8 4 (2.19%) CA
8 4 (2.19%) SAP
8 4 (2.19%) Splunk
9 3 (1.64%) HP
9 3 (1.64%) IBM
9 3 (1.64%) Pega
9 3 (1.64%) WSO2
10 2 (1.09%) Charles River
10 2 (1.09%) MarketAxess
10 2 (1.09%) MicroStrategy
10 2 (1.09%) Talend
10 2 (1.09%) Teradata