Period
to 18 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 18 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 380 364 365
Rank change year-on-year -16 +1 -49
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 544 168 563
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.65% 0.54% 0.66%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.03% 2.38% 3.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 331 108 338
10th Percentile £363 £354 £363
25th Percentile £443 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £523 £500
Median % change year-on-year +0.48% +4.50% -
75th Percentile £638 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £686 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £460 £430 £450
% change year-on-year +6.98% -4.44% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 2
10th Percentile £14.85 " £42.45
25th Percentile £26.63 " £45.38
Median hourly rate £47.50 - £50.50
75th Percentile £60.63 " £55.38
90th Percentile £67.75 " £58.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.75 - £50.50

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 17,942 7,053 18,735
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.39% 22.85% 22.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,569 4,822 12,937
10th Percentile £350 £313 £320
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £496 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.79% +4.47% -
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £713 £675 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +2.78% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 220 118 248
10th Percentile £15.66 £12.63 £11.22
25th Percentile £23.19 £17.47 £16.67
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +40.00% -16.67% +2.35%
75th Percentile £58.05 £42.00 £48.85
90th Percentile £65.50 £55.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £23.22 £27.94
% change year-on-year +40.00% -16.91% +7.46%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -25 423 £550 +4.76% 107
London -48 266 £590 +12.38% 57
UK excluding London -75 164 £460 +6.98% 58
Work from Home -144 124 £500 +11.11% 27
South East -57 49 £525 +31.25% 13
North of England -66 33 £460 +2.22% 14
Scotland -53 28 £438 +52.44% 5
Midlands -54 27 £463 +18.89% 10
North West -58 20 £430 -4.44% 8
East Midlands -25 16 £463 +18.89% 6
South West - 13 £150 - 7
Yorkshire - 11 £725 - 4
West Midlands - 11 £475 - 4
Northern Ireland -11 7 £475 +10.21% 1
East of England -47 5 £325 +18.18% 6
North East -8 2 £475 - 2
Wales -30 2 £425 - 2

For the 6 months to 18 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 544 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 292 (53.68%) SQL
3 220 (40.44%) Oracle
4 218 (40.07%) Agile Software Development
5 192 (35.29%) Java
6 171 (31.43%) Social Skills
7 161 (29.60%) Finance
8 145 (26.65%) AWS
9 144 (26.47%) Python
10 135 (24.82%) SQL Server
11 134 (24.63%) Microservices
12 124 (22.79%) Azure
13 118 (21.69%) NoSQL
14 109 (20.04%) Analytics
14 109 (20.04%) JavaScript
14 109 (20.04%) PostgreSQL
15 98 (18.01%) JIRA
16 95 (17.46%) Spring
17 94 (17.28%) Data Modelling
18 93 (17.10%) Git (software)
19 92 (16.91%) DevOps
20 91 (16.73%) Business Intelligence
21 89 (16.36%) Docker
22 88 (16.18%) Banking
23 86 (15.81%) Oracle Database
24 83 (15.26%) Analytical Skills
24 83 (15.26%) ETL
24 83 (15.26%) Problem-Solving
25 80 (14.71%) Jenkins
26 78 (14.34%) HTML

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (11.03%) Apache Spark
2 45 (8.27%) Tomcat
3 25 (4.60%) Apache
4 20 (3.68%) Confluence
4 20 (3.68%) WebLogic
5 19 (3.49%) Elasticsearch
6 18 (3.31%) Jupyter
7 13 (2.39%) nginx
7 13 (2.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 10 (1.84%) GemFire
8 10 (1.84%) SharePoint
9 9 (1.65%) CMS
9 9 (1.65%) JBoss
10 6 (1.10%) IIS
11 5 (0.92%) Red Hat Fuse
12 4 (0.74%) Apache Pig
12 4 (0.74%) LiveCycle
12 4 (0.74%) WebSphere
13 3 (0.55%) Liferay
13 3 (0.55%) OpenStack
Applications
1 36 (6.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.55%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.18%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 8 (1.47%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (0.74%) Endur
2 4 (0.74%) Markit EDM
3 3 (0.55%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.55%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 3 (0.55%) SAP S/4HANA
4 2 (0.37%) Maximo
4 2 (0.37%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.37%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.37%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.18%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 145 (26.65%) AWS
2 124 (22.79%) Azure
3 69 (12.68%) Power Platform
4 53 (9.74%) GCP
5 27 (4.96%) Serverless
6 24 (4.41%) Amazon S3
7 23 (4.23%) Azure Data Factory
8 18 (3.31%) AWS Lambda
9 17 (3.13%) SaaS
10 15 (2.76%) OpenShift
11 13 (2.39%) Amazon EMR
11 13 (2.39%) AWS CloudFormation
11 13 (2.39%) GitHub
11 13 (2.39%) IaaS
11 13 (2.39%) PaaS
12 12 (2.21%) Azure Synapse Analytics
12 12 (2.21%) Snowflake
13 11 (2.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 11 (2.02%) Amazon EC2
13 11 (2.02%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 15 (2.76%) HTTP
2 13 (2.39%) DNS
3 9 (1.65%) TCP/IP
4 8 (1.47%) Firewall
5 7 (1.29%) SSL
6 6 (1.10%) Internet
7 5 (0.92%) Network Security
8 4 (0.74%) FTP
8 4 (0.74%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.55%) SAN
10 2 (0.37%) AMQP
10 2 (0.37%) Cisco Nexus
10 2 (0.37%) Modbus
10 2 (0.37%) MQTT
10 2 (0.37%) NX-OS
10 2 (0.37%) Profibus
10 2 (0.37%) X.500
11 1 (0.18%) InfiniBand
11 1 (0.18%) OpenVPN
11 1 (0.18%) PuTTY
Database & Business Intelligence
1 544 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 135 (24.82%) SQL Server
3 118 (21.69%) NoSQL
4 109 (20.04%) PostgreSQL
5 86 (15.81%) Oracle Database
6 72 (13.24%) Big Data
7 69 (12.68%) Data Warehouse
8 64 (11.76%) Power BI
9 57 (10.48%) Tableau
10 52 (9.56%) Hadoop
11 45 (8.27%) MongoDB
12 42 (7.72%) Oracle Database 12c
13 41 (7.54%) MySQL
14 40 (7.35%) Data Lake
15 39 (7.17%) Apache Cassandra
16 36 (6.62%) Apache Hive
17 34 (6.25%) HBase
18 31 (5.70%) Oracle Database 11g
19 28 (5.15%) Redis
20 19 (3.49%) Impala
Development Applications
1 98 (18.01%) JIRA
2 93 (17.10%) Git (software)
3 80 (14.71%) Jenkins
4 35 (6.43%) Maven
5 29 (5.33%) JUnit
5 29 (5.33%) TeamCity
6 19 (3.49%) Artifactory
7 18 (3.31%) Bitbucket
7 18 (3.31%) Cucumber
7 18 (3.31%) Selenium
8 15 (2.76%) IntelliJ
9 14 (2.57%) Eclipse
9 14 (2.57%) Sonatype Nexus
10 12 (2.21%) Gradle
10 12 (2.21%) JMeter
10 12 (2.21%) Visual Studio
11 10 (1.84%) SonarQube
12 9 (1.65%) GitLab
12 9 (1.65%) Subversion
13 8 (1.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 171 (31.43%) Social Skills
2 161 (29.60%) Finance
3 88 (16.18%) Banking
4 83 (15.26%) Analytical Skills
5 45 (8.27%) Investment Banking
6 25 (4.60%) Pharmaceutical
7 24 (4.41%) Presentation Skills
8 21 (3.86%) Public Sector
9 13 (2.39%) Retail
10 12 (2.21%) Front Office
11 11 (2.02%) Marketing
12 8 (1.47%) Documentation Skills
13 7 (1.29%) Legal
13 7 (1.29%) Public Speaking
14 5 (0.92%) Aerospace
14 5 (0.92%) Retail Banking
15 4 (0.74%) Financial Institution
15 4 (0.74%) Influencing Skills
15 4 (0.74%) Organisational Skills
15 4 (0.74%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 208 (38.24%) Developer
2 75 (13.79%) Architect
2 75 (13.79%) Java Developer
3 67 (12.32%) Data Engineer
4 40 (7.35%) Solutions Architect
5 37 (6.80%) Analyst
6 31 (5.70%) Senior Developer
7 26 (4.78%) Data Architect
8 24 (4.41%) Support Engineer
9 23 (4.23%) DBA
10 22 (4.04%) Consultant
11 20 (3.68%) Applications Support
11 20 (3.68%) Senior Java Developer
12 19 (3.49%) Java Engineer
13 18 (3.31%) Data Modeller
13 18 (3.31%) Full Stack Developer
13 18 (3.31%) Python Developer
14 17 (3.13%) .NET Developer
15 16 (2.94%) SQL Developer
16 14 (2.57%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 95 (17.46%) Spring
2 78 (14.34%) HTML
3 70 (12.87%) Kafka
4 66 (12.13%) CSS
5 56 (10.29%) React
6 51 (9.38%) RESTful
7 50 (9.19%) .NET
7 50 (9.19%) Node.js
7 50 (9.19%) Spring Boot
8 49 (9.01%) REST
9 46 (8.46%) XML
10 45 (8.27%) AngularJS
11 44 (8.09%) Web Services
12 37 (6.80%) HTML5
12 37 (6.80%) JSON
13 28 (5.15%) jQuery
14 23 (4.23%) J2EE
14 23 (4.23%) SOAP
15 22 (4.04%) JMS
16 20 (3.68%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 37 (6.80%) Data Structures
2 24 (4.41%) FMCG
3 20 (3.68%) Fixed Income
4 19 (3.49%) Reference Data
5 16 (2.94%) Credit Risk
5 16 (2.94%) Derivative
5 16 (2.94%) Enterprise Software
6 15 (2.76%) Management Information System
7 14 (2.57%) Self-Motivation
8 13 (2.39%) Legacy Systems
9 12 (2.21%) Algorithms
9 12 (2.21%) N-Tier
10 10 (1.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 10 (1.84%) Greenfield Project
10 10 (1.84%) Replication
11 8 (1.47%) Clustering
11 8 (1.47%) Data Protection Act
12 7 (1.29%) Credit Derivative
12 7 (1.29%) Equity Derivative
12 7 (1.29%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 74 (13.60%) Linux
2 58 (10.66%) Unix
3 44 (8.09%) Windows
4 17 (3.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 14 (2.57%) Windows Server
6 7 (1.29%) Solaris
7 3 (0.55%) AIX
7 3 (0.55%) VMS
7 3 (0.55%) Windows 7
8 2 (0.37%) VME
8 2 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.18%) HPUX
9 1 (0.18%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 218 (40.07%) Agile Software Development
2 134 (24.63%) Microservices
3 109 (20.04%) Analytics
4 94 (17.28%) Data Modelling
5 92 (16.91%) DevOps
6 91 (16.73%) Business Intelligence
7 83 (15.26%) ETL
7 83 (15.26%) Problem-Solving
8 74 (13.60%) Scrum
9 61 (11.21%) Data Engineering
10 58 (10.66%) TDD
10 58 (10.66%) Test Automation
11 51 (9.38%) Data Pipeline
11 51 (9.38%) Migration
12 50 (9.19%) SDLC
13 40 (7.35%) Visualisation
14 37 (6.80%) Data Analysis
15 36 (6.62%) Full Stack Development
15 36 (6.62%) Software Engineering
16 35 (6.43%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 292 (53.68%) SQL
2 192 (35.29%) Java
3 144 (26.47%) Python
4 109 (20.04%) JavaScript
5 53 (9.74%) C#
6 40 (7.35%) PL/SQL
7 36 (6.62%) Scala
8 32 (5.88%) Java 8
9 31 (5.70%) Shell Script
10 28 (5.15%) Groovy
11 26 (4.78%) VBA
12 24 (4.41%) Perl
13 18 (3.31%) Bash Shell
14 17 (3.13%) C
14 17 (3.13%) PowerShell
14 17 (3.13%) TypeScript
15 15 (2.76%) T-SQL
16 11 (2.02%) C++
16 11 (2.02%) Kotlin
16 11 (2.02%) PHP
Qualifications
1 48 (8.82%) Security Cleared
2 43 (7.90%) Degree
3 27 (4.96%) SC Cleared
4 8 (1.47%) OCP
4 8 (1.47%) Oracle Certification
5 6 (1.10%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (0.74%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (0.55%) CEH
7 3 (0.55%) CISA
7 3 (0.55%) GIAC
7 3 (0.55%) ISEB
7 3 (0.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 3 (0.55%) OSCE
7 3 (0.55%) OSCP
8 2 (0.37%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.37%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.37%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.37%) PhD
9 1 (0.18%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.18%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (4.41%) Data Quality
2 16 (2.94%) QA
3 11 (2.02%) GDPR
4 7 (1.29%) Dodd-Frank
5 6 (1.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 5 (0.92%) Accessibility
7 4 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.74%) NIST
8 2 (0.37%) HL7
9 1 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.18%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.18%) PSD2
System Software
1 89 (16.36%) Docker
2 27 (4.96%) HDFS
3 17 (3.13%) Oracle RAC
4 15 (2.76%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 14 (2.57%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.92%) VMware Infrastructure
7 4 (0.74%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.55%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.37%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.18%) Firmware
10 1 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 68 (12.50%) Kubernetes
2 43 (7.90%) Terraform
3 24 (4.41%) Ansible
4 17 (3.13%) Data Guard
4 17 (3.13%) Oracle RMAN
5 15 (2.76%) Kibana
6 14 (2.57%) Grafana
7 13 (2.39%) logstash
7 13 (2.39%) Prometheus
7 13 (2.39%) Rancher
8 11 (2.02%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 10 (1.84%) Graphite
10 8 (1.47%) Control-M
10 8 (1.47%) Opscode Chef
11 7 (1.29%) Puppet
12 6 (1.10%) Hadoop YARN
13 4 (0.74%) Istio
14 3 (0.55%) HP ALM
14 3 (0.55%) SCOrch
14 3 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 220 (40.44%) Oracle
2 54 (9.93%) Microsoft
3 31 (5.70%) Alteryx
3 31 (5.70%) Google
4 26 (4.78%) Dataiku
5 21 (3.86%) Sybase
6 20 (3.68%) Databricks
7 19 (3.49%) Cloudera
8 17 (3.13%) Informatica
8 17 (3.13%) Red Hat
8 17 (3.13%) SAP
9 15 (2.76%) TIBCO
10 13 (2.39%) IBM
10 13 (2.39%) MuleSoft
10 13 (2.39%) Talend
11 12 (2.21%) Dynatrace
11 12 (2.21%) Murex
11 12 (2.21%) Splunk
12 10 (1.84%) Teradata
13 8 (1.47%) EMC