Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 3 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
3 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 448 420 364
Rank change year-on-year -28 -56 -35
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 472 347 241
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.53% 0.52% 0.58%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.73% 2.45% 2.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 264 206 155
10th Percentile £413 £350 £356
25th Percentile £500 £421 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £565 £518 £500
Median % change year-on-year +9.18% +3.50% -
75th Percentile £700 £600 £563
90th Percentile £821 £675 £670
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £438 £431
% change year-on-year +20.00% +1.51% -7.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 1
10th Percentile £25.79 - -
25th Percentile £34.48 - £26.65
Median hourly rate £50.20 £42.87 £27.43
Median % change year-on-year +17.10% +56.32% -38.37%
75th Percentile £53.35 - £28.20
90th Percentile £54.49 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £51.85 £42.87 £27.43
% change year-on-year +20.95% +56.32% -38.37%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 17,303 14,141 9,274
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.45% 21.32% 22.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,323 9,679 6,466
10th Percentile £380 £330 £325
25th Percentile £450 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £588
90th Percentile £750 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +4.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 181 213 130
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.90 £14.09
25th Percentile £21.25 £19.25 £18.85
Median hourly rate £37.80 £26.50 £25.00
Median % change year-on-year +42.64% +6.00% -16.67%
75th Percentile £63.00 £45.00 £45.31
90th Percentile £75.00 £61.16 £61.03
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £24.90 £24.70
% change year-on-year +40.56% +0.81% -17.67%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 3 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -35 350 £575 +9.52% 76
London -28 238 £650 +13.04% 40
Work from Home -44 226 £550 +4.76% 27
UK excluding London -29 139 £525 +20.00% 38
Scotland -15 35 £470 +17.50% 2
South East -25 34 £563 +30.43% 10
Midlands -12 33 £500 +11.11% 6
East Midlands +6 17 £500 +23.46% 3
West Midlands -28 16 £550 +4.76% 3
North of England -51 16 £538 +36.94% 5
North West -33 11 £544 +38.54% 4
East of England -14 9 £550 -1.35% 10
Wales 0 8 £575 +21.05%
Northern Ireland +1 3 £475 - 1
Yorkshire -40 3 £400 +3.90% 1
South West -19 2 £600 +16.50% 4
North East - 2 £540 -

For the 6 months to 3 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 472 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 271 (57.42%) SQL
3 231 (48.94%) Oracle
4 163 (34.53%) Agile
5 152 (32.20%) SQL Server
6 136 (28.81%) NoSQL
7 135 (28.60%) Finance
8 133 (28.18%) Java
9 130 (27.54%) AWS
10 119 (25.21%) Social Skills
11 101 (21.40%) Oracle Database
11 101 (21.40%) Azure
11 101 (21.40%) CI/CD
12 100 (21.19%) ETL
13 96 (20.34%) DevOps
14 94 (19.92%) Data Warehouse
15 87 (18.43%) Python
16 86 (18.22%) Microservices
17 80 (16.95%) Problem-Solving
18 79 (16.74%) Security Cleared
19 77 (16.31%) PL/SQL
19 77 (16.31%) PostgreSQL
20 75 (15.89%) Linux
20 75 (15.89%) Data Modelling
21 74 (15.68%) Banking
22 71 (15.04%) MySQL
22 71 (15.04%) JavaScript
23 69 (14.62%) Full Stack Development
24 68 (14.41%) Migration
24 68 (14.41%) TDD

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (7.20%) Apache Spark
2 18 (3.81%) Confluence
3 17 (3.60%) WebLogic
4 9 (1.91%) Apache
5 7 (1.48%) Oracle Workflow
5 7 (1.48%) WebSphere
6 6 (1.27%) SharePoint
7 4 (0.85%) Camunda
7 4 (0.85%) JBoss
7 4 (0.85%) SAS
7 4 (0.85%) WildFly
8 3 (0.64%) Apache Pig
8 3 (0.64%) nginx
8 3 (0.64%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.42%) Apache Airflow
9 2 (0.42%) DataSynapse
9 2 (0.42%) Jupyter
9 2 (0.42%) Oracle Collaboration Suite
9 2 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.21%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 8 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.85%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.21%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 11 (2.33%) Oracle Utilities
2 10 (2.12%) Oracle EBS
3 9 (1.91%) Oracle Applications
4 5 (1.06%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (1.06%) Oracle BPM
4 5 (1.06%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.64%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 3 (0.64%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.64%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.64%) Oracle FAH
5 3 (0.64%) Oracle Financials
5 3 (0.64%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 3 (0.64%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 3 (0.64%) SAP FI
5 3 (0.64%) SAP IS-U
5 3 (0.64%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.21%) Cerner Millennium
6 1 (0.21%) Oracle 11i
6 1 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
6 1 (0.21%) Oracle iProcurement
Cloud Services
1 130 (27.54%) AWS
2 101 (21.40%) Azure
3 55 (11.65%) Serverless
4 44 (9.32%) AWS Lambda
5 43 (9.11%) GCP
6 39 (8.26%) Amazon S3
7 38 (8.05%) GitHub
8 21 (4.45%) Amazon EC2
8 21 (4.45%) Power Platform
9 19 (4.03%) Azure DevOps
9 19 (4.03%) IaaS
10 18 (3.81%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 18 (3.81%) OpenShift
11 17 (3.60%) Amazon SQS
11 17 (3.60%) Snowflake
12 15 (3.18%) SaaS
13 14 (2.97%) Azure Data Factory
13 14 (2.97%) GitHub Actions
14 11 (2.33%) AWS Fargate
14 11 (2.33%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 4 (0.85%) SSL
2 3 (0.64%) FTP
2 3 (0.64%) Kerberos
2 3 (0.64%) NetScaler
2 3 (0.64%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.42%) DNS
3 2 (0.42%) Firewall
4 1 (0.21%) AMQP
4 1 (0.21%) HTTP
4 1 (0.21%) Internet
4 1 (0.21%) MQTT
4 1 (0.21%) Radio Access Network
Database & Business Intelligence
1 472 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 152 (32.20%) SQL Server
3 136 (28.81%) NoSQL
4 101 (21.40%) Oracle Database
5 94 (19.92%) Data Warehouse
6 77 (16.31%) PostgreSQL
7 71 (15.04%) MySQL
8 64 (13.56%) Big Data
9 55 (11.65%) Data Lake
10 44 (9.32%) Oracle Database 11g
11 41 (8.69%) Oracle Database 12c
12 37 (7.84%) DB2
12 37 (7.84%) MongoDB
13 29 (6.14%) Metadata
14 25 (5.30%) Elasticsearch
14 25 (5.30%) Hadoop
15 22 (4.66%) Oracle Reports
16 21 (4.45%) Power BI
16 21 (4.45%) Tableau
17 20 (4.24%) SQLPlus
Development Applications
1 59 (12.50%) Git (software)
2 48 (10.17%) JIRA
3 46 (9.75%) Jenkins
4 26 (5.51%) Gradle
5 22 (4.66%) TeamCity
6 20 (4.24%) ERwin
7 18 (3.81%) Maven
8 17 (3.60%) GitLab
9 14 (2.97%) JUnit
9 14 (2.97%) Oracle Forms
10 12 (2.54%) ER Studio
10 12 (2.54%) Visual Studio
11 11 (2.33%) Selenium
12 9 (1.91%) Artifactory
12 9 (1.91%) Eclipse
12 9 (1.91%) Oracle APEX
12 9 (1.91%) SonarQube
13 6 (1.27%) Cucumber
14 5 (1.06%) Jasmine
14 5 (1.06%) Mockito
General
1 135 (28.60%) Finance
2 119 (25.21%) Social Skills
3 74 (15.68%) Banking
4 68 (14.41%) Analytical Skills
5 40 (8.47%) Public Sector
6 22 (4.66%) Front Office
7 18 (3.81%) Presentation Skills
8 15 (3.18%) Telecoms
9 14 (2.97%) Financial Institution
9 14 (2.97%) Police
10 13 (2.75%) Investment Banking
11 11 (2.33%) Legal
12 7 (1.48%) Retail
13 6 (1.27%) Influencing Skills
14 5 (1.06%) Local Government
14 5 (1.06%) Manufacturing
14 5 (1.06%) Organisational Skills
15 3 (0.64%) Advertising
15 3 (0.64%) Electronics
15 3 (0.64%) Law
Job Titles
1 174 (36.86%) Developer
2 64 (13.56%) Architect
2 64 (13.56%) DBA
3 48 (10.17%) Data Engineer
3 48 (10.17%) Java Developer
4 35 (7.42%) Data Architect
4 35 (7.42%) Oracle DBA
5 31 (6.57%) Senior Developer
6 30 (6.36%) Administrator
6 30 (6.36%) Full Stack Developer
7 23 (4.87%) Solutions Architect
8 22 (4.66%) Data Modeller
9 20 (4.24%) AWS Engineer
9 20 (4.24%) Oracle Developer
10 18 (3.81%) .NET Developer
10 18 (3.81%) React Developer
11 17 (3.60%) Analyst
11 17 (3.60%) AWS Data Engineer
11 17 (3.60%) Senior Java Developer
12 14 (2.97%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 65 (13.77%) Kafka
2 56 (11.86%) HTML
2 56 (11.86%) Spring
3 52 (11.02%) React
4 49 (10.38%) .NET
5 45 (9.53%) Spring Boot
6 44 (9.32%) REST
7 41 (8.69%) XML
8 36 (7.63%) JSON
9 29 (6.14%) HTML5
10 28 (5.93%) CSS
11 23 (4.87%) AngularJS
11 23 (4.87%) Hibernate
12 22 (4.66%) Web Services
13 19 (4.03%) PySpark
14 17 (3.60%) GraphQL
14 17 (3.60%) Middleware
14 17 (3.60%) RabbitMQ
15 16 (3.39%) JPA
15 16 (3.39%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 39 (8.26%) Enterprise Software
2 28 (5.93%) User Experience
3 26 (5.51%) Public Cloud
4 23 (4.87%) Reference Data
5 21 (4.45%) Data Structures
6 15 (3.18%) Data Centre
7 14 (2.97%) Clustering
8 13 (2.75%) Management Information System
9 11 (2.33%) Hedge funds
9 11 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
10 10 (2.12%) Algorithms
10 10 (2.12%) Virtual Team
11 9 (1.91%) Greenfield Project
11 9 (1.91%) Replication
12 8 (1.69%) Credit Risk
12 8 (1.69%) Taxonomies
13 7 (1.48%) Cloud Native
13 7 (1.48%) Cybercrime
14 6 (1.27%) Hybrid Cloud
14 6 (1.27%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 75 (15.89%) Linux
2 55 (11.65%) Unix
3 33 (6.99%) Windows
4 9 (1.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 7 (1.48%) Solaris
6 6 (1.27%) AIX
7 5 (1.06%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.85%) HPUX
9 1 (0.21%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 163 (34.53%) Agile
2 101 (21.40%) CI/CD
3 100 (21.19%) ETL
4 96 (20.34%) DevOps
5 86 (18.22%) Microservices
6 80 (16.95%) Problem-Solving
7 75 (15.89%) Data Modelling
8 69 (14.62%) Full Stack Development
9 68 (14.41%) Migration
9 68 (14.41%) TDD
10 65 (13.77%) Analytics
11 56 (11.86%) Business Intelligence
12 51 (10.81%) SDLC
13 43 (9.11%) Software Engineering
14 41 (8.69%) Performance Tuning
14 41 (8.69%) Scrum
14 41 (8.69%) Test Automation
15 40 (8.47%) Mentoring
16 39 (8.26%) Continuous Integration
17 33 (6.99%) Data Architecture
Programming Languages
1 271 (57.42%) SQL
2 133 (28.18%) Java
3 87 (18.43%) Python
4 77 (16.31%) PL/SQL
5 71 (15.04%) JavaScript
6 62 (13.14%) C#
7 28 (5.93%) Shell Script
8 23 (4.87%) T-SQL
9 20 (4.24%) PowerShell
10 17 (3.60%) Perl
10 17 (3.60%) TypeScript
11 16 (3.39%) C
11 16 (3.39%) C++
12 13 (2.75%) Bash
13 10 (2.12%) Scala
14 9 (1.91%) R
15 8 (1.69%) Go
16 6 (1.27%) PHP
16 6 (1.27%) Ruby
17 3 (0.64%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 79 (16.74%) Security Cleared
2 56 (11.86%) SC Cleared
3 29 (6.14%) Degree
4 14 (2.97%) AWS Certification
5 10 (2.12%) DV Cleared
5 10 (2.12%) OCA
5 10 (2.12%) OCP
5 10 (2.12%) Oracle Certification
6 9 (1.91%) CTC Cleared
7 8 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
8 7 (1.48%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (1.06%) PMP
10 2 (0.42%) MCSA
10 2 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.42%) Tableau Certification
11 1 (0.21%) Chartered Engineer
11 1 (0.21%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.21%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.21%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (5.51%) QA
2 18 (3.81%) GDPR
3 16 (3.39%) Data Quality
4 8 (1.69%) SLA
5 7 (1.48%) Accessibility
6 4 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 3 (0.64%) Actionable Recommendations
7 3 (0.64%) COREP
7 3 (0.64%) CRD IV
7 3 (0.64%) FINREP
7 3 (0.64%) IFRS
7 3 (0.64%) IFRS 9
7 3 (0.64%) MiFID
8 2 (0.42%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.42%) EMIR
8 2 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.21%) CDISC
9 1 (0.21%) DICOM
9 1 (0.21%) HL7
9 1 (0.21%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 43 (9.11%) Docker
2 24 (5.08%) Oracle RAC
3 13 (2.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (1.27%) Active Directory
5 5 (1.06%) HDFS
6 4 (0.85%) Citrix Hypervisor
6 4 (0.85%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.85%) Oracle Clusterware
7 3 (0.64%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.64%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.42%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 2 (0.42%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.21%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.21%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 37 (7.84%) Kubernetes
2 33 (6.99%) Ansible
3 32 (6.78%) Terraform
4 29 (6.14%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
5 26 (5.51%) Data Guard
6 14 (2.97%) Oracle RMAN
7 13 (2.75%) Kibana
8 8 (1.69%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 6 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
10 5 (1.06%) Puppet
11 4 (0.85%) Grafana
11 4 (0.85%) Prometheus
12 3 (0.64%) HAProxy
12 3 (0.64%) HP Quality Center
12 3 (0.64%) linkerd
12 3 (0.64%) Packer
13 2 (0.42%) Control-M
13 2 (0.42%) MOM
13 2 (0.42%) Nagios
13 2 (0.42%) Oracle Flashback
Vendors
1 231 (48.94%) Oracle
2 60 (12.71%) Microsoft
3 32 (6.78%) IBM
4 22 (4.66%) Teradata
5 20 (4.24%) Sybase
6 19 (4.03%) Databricks
7 18 (3.81%) Informatica
8 17 (3.60%) Google
9 15 (3.18%) SAP
10 13 (2.75%) VMware
11 10 (2.12%) Red Hat
12 9 (1.91%) ESRI
13 8 (1.69%) New Relic
13 8 (1.69%) ServiceNow
14 7 (1.48%) TIBCO
15 6 (1.27%) Cognos
15 6 (1.27%) Talend
15 6 (1.27%) TOWER Software
16 5 (1.06%) Alteryx
16 5 (1.06%) Cloudera