Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 377 388 303
Rank change year-on-year +11 -85 -31
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 271 379 832
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.56% 0.57% 0.85%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.64% 2.65% 3.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 216 218 542
Median daily rate £475 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% -6.86%
10th Percentile £345 £333 £363
90th Percentile £644 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £450
% change year-on-year - -5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 7
Median hourly rate £42.87 £27.43 £22.36
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +56.32% +22.65% -47.39%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.87 £27.43 £22.36
% change year-on-year +56.32% +22.65% -47.39%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 10,247 14,285 22,024
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.22% 21.34% 22.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,013 9,702 15,363
Median daily rate £488 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% - +2.70%
10th Percentile £313 £319 £320
90th Percentile £655 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £428 £440 £425
% change year-on-year -2.84% +3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 179 201 231
Median hourly rate £26.00 £26.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -5.45% -15.38%
10th Percentile £13.60 £13.74 £12.57
90th Percentile £60.05 £59.50 £56.00
Median hourly rate £23.47 £23.35 £30.00
% change year-on-year +0.51% -22.17% -21.57%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +21 213 £500 - 98
London -14 136 £550 - 39
UK excluding London +96 104 £425 - 67
Work from Home -172 60 £450 -26.53% 19
Scotland +34 29 £355 -18.39% 5
North of England +55 22 £450 +4.05% 20
North West +44 18 £450 +4.05% 8
South East +87 16 £350 -6.98% 21
Midlands +47 14 £475 +8.57% 7
South West +66 9 £515 +41.10% 9
West Midlands +41 8 £475 +31.03% 7
East of England +51 6 £515 +17.71% 2
Wales +21 6 £400 -15.79% 1
Yorkshire +36 4 - - 9
East Midlands +19 2 £363 -19.44%
Northern Ireland +4 1 £431 -6.30% 2
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 271 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 160 (59.04%) SQL
3 111 (40.96%) Agile Software Development
4 89 (32.84%) Oracle
5 85 (31.37%) Java
5 85 (31.37%) Finance
6 72 (26.57%) Python
7 63 (23.25%) SQL Server
8 62 (22.88%) Data Modelling
9 59 (21.77%) DevOps
10 57 (21.03%) NoSQL
11 56 (20.66%) Linux
12 54 (19.93%) AWS
13 53 (19.56%) Microservices
14 51 (18.82%) Jenkins
15 48 (17.71%) Azure
15 48 (17.71%) Banking
16 47 (17.34%) Spring
17 46 (16.97%) Performance Tuning
18 44 (16.24%) Business Intelligence
19 43 (15.87%) Continuous Integration
20 42 (15.50%) Oracle Database
20 42 (15.50%) Analytical Skills
21 39 (14.39%) JSON
21 39 (14.39%) Test Automation
22 38 (14.02%) JIRA
22 38 (14.02%) Migration
23 37 (13.65%) Spring Boot
24 32 (11.81%) Microsoft
24 32 (11.81%) Analytics

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (7.01%) Jupyter
2 11 (4.06%) Confluence
3 9 (3.32%) Apache Spark
3 9 (3.32%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (2.95%) JBoss
5 6 (2.21%) Apache
5 6 (2.21%) Tomcat
5 6 (2.21%) WebLogic
6 5 (1.85%) Oracle Application Server
6 5 (1.85%) TPMS
7 4 (1.48%) IIS
7 4 (1.48%) Liferay
7 4 (1.48%) SAS
8 3 (1.11%) GemFire
8 3 (1.11%) Oracle Workflow
8 3 (1.11%) Red Hat Fuse
8 3 (1.11%) Tuxedo
9 2 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.74%) CMS
9 2 (0.74%) SharePoint
Applications
1 14 (5.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.85%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.37%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (2.95%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 7 (2.58%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (2.58%) Oracle EBS R12
3 2 (0.74%) Oracle 11i
3 2 (0.74%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.37%) Maximo
4 1 (0.37%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.37%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 54 (19.93%) AWS
2 48 (17.71%) Azure
3 31 (11.44%) Power Platform
4 24 (8.86%) AWS CloudFormation
5 13 (4.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 13 (4.80%) GCP
6 12 (4.43%) AWS Lambda
6 12 (4.43%) Serverless
7 11 (4.06%) PaaS
8 10 (3.69%) Apigee
8 10 (3.69%) AWS CloudTrail
8 10 (3.69%) Coveralls
8 10 (3.69%) OpenShift
9 9 (3.32%) Amazon ECS
9 9 (3.32%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 9 (3.32%) Amazon Kinesis
9 9 (3.32%) Logic Apps
9 9 (3.32%) PowerApps
10 8 (2.95%) SaaS
11 7 (2.58%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.21%) TCP/IP
2 4 (1.48%) HTTP
2 4 (1.48%) SSL
2 4 (1.48%) VLAN
3 3 (1.11%) Kerberos
4 2 (0.74%) DMZ
4 2 (0.74%) DNS
4 2 (0.74%) Firewall
4 2 (0.74%) X.21
5 1 (0.37%) FTP
5 1 (0.37%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.37%) SSH
5 1 (0.37%) WebEx
5 1 (0.37%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 271 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 63 (23.25%) SQL Server
3 57 (21.03%) NoSQL
4 42 (15.50%) Oracle Database
5 30 (11.07%) Data Warehouse
6 25 (9.23%) Big Data
7 22 (8.12%) Power BI
8 20 (7.38%) PostgreSQL
8 20 (7.38%) Tableau
9 17 (6.27%) MySQL
10 16 (5.90%) Hadoop
10 16 (5.90%) Oracle Database 11g
11 15 (5.54%) Oracle Database 12c
12 13 (4.80%) Cosmos DB
13 8 (2.95%) Apache Hive
13 8 (2.95%) MongoDB
14 7 (2.58%) Apache Cassandra
14 7 (2.58%) DB2
14 7 (2.58%) Oracle BI EE
14 7 (2.58%) Oracle ODI
Development Applications
1 51 (18.82%) Jenkins
2 38 (14.02%) JIRA
3 29 (10.70%) Git (software)
4 19 (7.01%) SonarQube
5 11 (4.06%) JUnit
5 11 (4.06%) TeamCity
6 9 (3.32%) Maven
6 9 (3.32%) Subversion
7 8 (2.95%) Selenium
8 7 (2.58%) Sonatype Nexus
9 6 (2.21%) Bitbucket Server
9 6 (2.21%) CA Release Automation
9 6 (2.21%) Gradle
10 5 (1.85%) HP UFT
11 4 (1.48%) Ant
11 4 (1.48%) GitLab
11 4 (1.48%) LoadRunner
11 4 (1.48%) Oracle APEX
12 3 (1.11%) Bitbucket
12 3 (1.11%) MSTest
General
1 85 (31.37%) Finance
2 48 (17.71%) Banking
3 30 (11.07%) Public Sector
4 15 (5.54%) Marketing
5 14 (5.17%) Investment Banking
6 11 (4.06%) Law
6 11 (4.06%) Retail Banking
7 7 (2.58%) Pharmaceutical
8 5 (1.85%) Front Office
9 4 (1.48%) Publishing
9 4 (1.48%) Retail
10 2 (0.74%) Legal
10 2 (0.74%) Police
11 1 (0.37%) Back Office
11 1 (0.37%) Electronics
11 1 (0.37%) Italian Language
11 1 (0.37%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 108 (39.85%) Developer
2 48 (17.71%) Architect
3 41 (15.13%) Java Developer
4 28 (10.33%) Data Architect
5 25 (9.23%) Data Engineer
6 22 (8.12%) Analyst
7 17 (6.27%) Senior Developer
8 16 (5.90%) DBA
9 14 (5.17%) AWS Developer
9 14 (5.17%) Consultant
9 14 (5.17%) Oracle Developer
10 12 (4.43%) Data Analyst
11 11 (4.06%) AWS Engineer
12 10 (3.69%) Oracle DBA
13 9 (3.32%) Cloud Engineer
13 9 (3.32%) Python Engineer
14 8 (2.95%) Technical Architect
15 7 (2.58%) Senior Oracle Developer
15 7 (2.58%) Solutions Architect
15 7 (2.58%) Technical Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (17.34%) Spring
2 39 (14.39%) JSON
3 37 (13.65%) Spring Boot
4 31 (11.44%) REST
5 29 (10.70%) HTML
6 28 (10.33%) Web Services
7 26 (9.59%) RESTful
8 25 (9.23%) XML
9 21 (7.75%) HTML5
10 20 (7.38%) Kafka
10 20 (7.38%) NumPy
10 20 (7.38%) Pandas
11 18 (6.64%) Hibernate
11 18 (6.64%) JMS
12 17 (6.27%) .NET
12 17 (6.27%) FIX Protocol
13 16 (5.90%) Middleware
14 14 (5.17%) AngularJS
14 14 (5.17%) CSS
14 14 (5.17%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 42 (15.50%) Analytical Skills
2 28 (10.33%) Enterprise Software
3 16 (5.90%) Reference Data
4 14 (5.17%) Fixed Income
5 13 (4.80%) Clustering
5 13 (4.80%) Equities
6 12 (4.43%) Data Structures
7 9 (3.32%) Credit Risk
8 8 (2.95%) Public Cloud
9 7 (2.58%) FMCG
9 7 (2.58%) Virtual Team
10 6 (2.21%) User Experience
11 5 (1.85%) Management Information System
11 5 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
12 4 (1.48%) Algorithms
12 4 (1.48%) Semantic Web
13 3 (1.11%) Analytical Mindset
13 3 (1.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 3 (1.11%) Mainframe
14 2 (0.74%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 56 (20.66%) Linux
2 26 (9.59%) Unix
3 22 (8.12%) Windows
4 11 (4.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 8 (2.95%) Windows Server
6 3 (1.11%) VME
6 3 (1.11%) Windows Server 2008
7 2 (0.74%) AIX
8 1 (0.37%) CentOS
8 1 (0.37%) OpenVMS
8 1 (0.37%) Solaris
8 1 (0.37%) SUSE
8 1 (0.37%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.37%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 111 (40.96%) Agile Software Development
2 62 (22.88%) Data Modelling
3 59 (21.77%) DevOps
4 53 (19.56%) Microservices
5 46 (16.97%) Performance Tuning
6 44 (16.24%) Business Intelligence
7 43 (15.87%) Continuous Integration
8 39 (14.39%) Test Automation
9 38 (14.02%) Migration
10 32 (11.81%) Analytics
11 30 (11.07%) ETL
11 30 (11.07%) TDD
12 27 (9.96%) Visualisation
13 26 (9.59%) Data Architecture
13 26 (9.59%) Data Science
14 22 (8.12%) Data Integration
15 21 (7.75%) Data Engineering
15 21 (7.75%) Data Visualisation
15 21 (7.75%) Scrum
16 20 (7.38%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 160 (59.04%) SQL
2 85 (31.37%) Java
3 72 (26.57%) Python
4 24 (8.86%) PL/SQL
5 21 (7.75%) JavaScript
6 15 (5.54%) Perl
6 15 (5.54%) Scala
7 13 (4.80%) C#
8 11 (4.06%) VBA
9 10 (3.69%) Java 8
10 7 (2.58%) Go
10 7 (2.58%) Groovy
10 7 (2.58%) Shell Script
11 5 (1.85%) COBOL
11 5 (1.85%) PowerShell
11 5 (1.85%) T-SQL
12 4 (1.48%) SHACL
12 4 (1.48%) SPARQL
13 3 (1.11%) Bash Shell
13 3 (1.11%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 20 (7.38%) Security Cleared
2 14 (5.17%) SC Cleared
3 13 (4.80%) Degree
4 6 (2.21%) AWS Certification
5 5 (1.85%) DV Cleared
6 4 (1.48%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (1.11%) Master's Degree
7 3 (1.11%) TOGAF Certification
8 1 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.37%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.37%) ISEB
8 1 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.37%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (4.80%) Data Quality
2 11 (4.06%) QA
3 6 (2.21%) GDPR
4 3 (1.11%) MiFID
5 1 (0.37%) Def Stans
5 1 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 20 (7.38%) Docker
2 8 (2.95%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.85%) Apache Flume
3 5 (1.85%) Oracle Clusterware
3 5 (1.85%) Oracle RAC
4 4 (1.48%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.37%) HDFS
5 1 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 21 (7.75%) Kubernetes
2 10 (3.69%) Kibana
2 10 (3.69%) Opscode Chef
3 7 (2.58%) Ansible
3 7 (2.58%) Data Guard
3 7 (2.58%) Grafana
3 7 (2.58%) Prometheus
4 6 (2.21%) Oracle RMAN
5 4 (1.48%) Oracle Flashback
5 4 (1.48%) Puppet
5 4 (1.48%) Terraform
6 3 (1.11%) Control-M
6 3 (1.11%) Graylog
6 3 (1.11%) Nagios
7 2 (0.74%) Perfmon
7 2 (0.74%) PingFederate
8 1 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.37%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 89 (32.84%) Oracle
2 32 (11.81%) Microsoft
3 21 (7.75%) Alteryx
4 20 (7.38%) Dataiku
5 12 (4.43%) IBM
5 12 (4.43%) Splunk
6 10 (3.69%) MuleSoft
6 10 (3.69%) Red Hat
7 9 (3.32%) Sybase
8 8 (2.95%) Salesforce.com
8 8 (2.95%) Sparx
9 7 (2.58%) AppDynamics
9 7 (2.58%) Cloudera
9 7 (2.58%) Informatica
10 6 (2.21%) Pega
11 5 (1.85%) Micro Focus
11 5 (1.85%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
11 5 (1.85%) SAP
11 5 (1.85%) TIBCO
11 5 (1.85%) VMware