Period
to 22 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 22 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 302 313 301
Rank change year-on-year +11 -12 -12
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 886 777 881
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.86% 0.81% 0.80%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.78% 3.61% 3.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 621 475 580
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £444
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +1.41% +4.41%
10th Percentile £356 £319 £304
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £432 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +7.88% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 4 12
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £23.81 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +88.98% -42.62% -9.87%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £23.14 £41.50
% change year-on-year +94.47% -44.24% -9.87%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 23,455 21,539 24,282
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.70% 22.45% 22.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,368 14,311 16,259
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £280
90th Percentile £638 £619 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 245 269 377
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £31.00 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.84% +8.77% +14.00%
10th Percentile £14.11 £11.17 £11.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.75 £32.25 £30.10
% change year-on-year +4.65% +7.13% +20.41%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +13 737 £525 +16.67% 208
UK excluding London -3 443 £432 +7.88% 140
London +7 436 £550 +4.76% 90
South East +14 139 £456 +19.67% 31
Scotland -22 81 £425 +6.25% 18
North of England -21 67 £413 +3.13% 45
Wales -16 36 £450 +20.00% 3
Midlands -28 34 £400 -0.62% 15
South West +22 33 £500 +51.52% 17
Yorkshire -17 33 £425 +6.25% 13
East of England +6 30 £450 +33.33% 10
North West -18 30 £381 -4.69% 24
Northern Ireland +17 26 £432 -6.70% 1
West Midlands -23 20 £450 +9.09% 10
East Midlands -19 12 £335 -16.77% 5
North East +1 4 £270 -12.90% 8

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 886 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 430 (48.53%) Agile Software Development
3 420 (47.40%) Java
4 378 (42.66%) Oracle
5 339 (38.26%) SQL
6 269 (30.36%) SQL Server
7 217 (24.49%) Linux
8 215 (24.27%) Python
9 211 (23.81%) NoSQL
10 202 (22.80%) Git (software)
11 198 (22.35%) Unix
12 195 (22.01%) OO
13 188 (21.22%) Finance
14 186 (20.99%) Spring
15 181 (20.43%) JavaScript
16 179 (20.20%) Test Automation
17 172 (19.41%) REST
18 155 (17.49%) MySQL
19 154 (17.38%) Microservices
20 150 (16.93%) XML
21 145 (16.37%) Scrum
22 143 (16.14%) DevOps
23 142 (16.03%) Java 8
24 138 (15.58%) HTML
25 136 (15.35%) Hibernate
26 132 (14.90%) TDD
26 132 (14.90%) Oracle Database
27 129 (14.56%) Amazon AWS
27 129 (14.56%) JMS
28 127 (14.33%) RESTful

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 105 (11.85%) Apache Spark
2 69 (7.79%) Confluence
3 45 (5.08%) Apache
4 39 (4.40%) WildFly
5 37 (4.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 37 (4.18%) WebSphere
6 33 (3.72%) WebLogic
7 26 (2.93%) Elasticsearch
8 25 (2.82%) JBoss
9 24 (2.71%) Tomcat
10 16 (1.81%) Oracle Service Bus
11 14 (1.58%) SharePoint
12 13 (1.47%) OpenStack
13 12 (1.35%) BizTalk Server
14 11 (1.24%) IIS
14 11 (1.24%) SAS
15 10 (1.13%) GemFire
16 9 (1.02%) Apache Pig
17 7 (0.79%) Apache Solr
17 7 (0.79%) Mule
Applications
1 17 (1.92%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.02%) HipChat
2 9 (1.02%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.68%) Photoshop
4 3 (0.34%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.23%) InfoPath
5 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.23%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.11%) InVision
6 1 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.11%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 10 (1.13%) ION MarketView
2 6 (0.68%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (0.56%) Oracle Assets
3 5 (0.56%) Oracle Cash Management
3 5 (0.56%) Oracle EBS R12
3 5 (0.56%) Oracle iProcurement
3 5 (0.56%) Oracle Payables
3 5 (0.56%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 5 (0.56%) Oracle Receivables
3 5 (0.56%) Oracle TCA
4 4 (0.45%) Adobe Campaign
5 3 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.34%) Oracle Financials
6 2 (0.23%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.11%) Endur
7 1 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.11%) Retail-J
Cloud Services
1 129 (14.56%) Amazon AWS
2 90 (10.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 19 (2.14%) Google Cloud Platform
4 17 (1.92%) GitHub
5 15 (1.69%) Serverless
6 13 (1.47%) Azure Data Factory
7 11 (1.24%) Amazon S3
8 10 (1.13%) Amazon EMR
8 10 (1.13%) AWS CloudFormation
8 10 (1.13%) Office 365
9 9 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
9 9 (1.02%) Amazon ELB
9 9 (1.02%) Amazon SQS
9 9 (1.02%) PaaS
10 8 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
10 8 (0.90%) SaaS
11 7 (0.79%) Cloud Computing
12 6 (0.68%) npm
13 5 (0.56%) IaaS
13 5 (0.56%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 56 (6.32%) HTTP
2 43 (4.85%) TCP/IP
3 30 (3.39%) FTP
4 28 (3.16%) DHCP
4 28 (3.16%) DNS
4 28 (3.16%) IPsec
4 28 (3.16%) SSL
5 6 (0.68%) Internet
6 5 (0.56%) Kerberos
6 5 (0.56%) VPN
7 4 (0.45%) SMS
8 3 (0.34%) SAN
9 2 (0.23%) Converged Networks
9 2 (0.23%) FIX Connectivity
9 2 (0.23%) WAN
10 1 (0.11%) AMQP
10 1 (0.11%) DMZ
10 1 (0.11%) Firewall
10 1 (0.11%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 886 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 269 (30.36%) SQL Server
3 211 (23.81%) NoSQL
4 155 (17.49%) MySQL
5 132 (14.90%) Oracle Database
6 122 (13.77%) Big Data
7 101 (11.40%) Hadoop
8 86 (9.71%) Data Warehouse
9 85 (9.59%) MongoDB
10 80 (9.03%) PostgreSQL
11 61 (6.88%) DB2
12 33 (3.72%) Apache Hive
12 33 (3.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 32 (3.61%) Apache Cassandra
14 27 (3.05%) Oracle Database 11g
15 23 (2.60%) HBase
15 23 (2.60%) Power BI
16 18 (2.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 15 (1.69%) OLTP
17 15 (1.69%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 202 (22.80%) Git (software)
2 126 (14.22%) Maven
3 122 (13.77%) Jenkins
4 120 (13.54%) JUnit
5 104 (11.74%) JIRA
6 82 (9.26%) Mockito
7 70 (7.90%) SonarQube
8 57 (6.43%) Checkstyle
9 55 (6.21%) Subversion
10 50 (5.64%) Liquibase
11 49 (5.53%) Cucumber
12 43 (4.85%) Visual Studio Team System
13 42 (4.74%) Team Foundation Server
14 38 (4.29%) Eclipse
15 36 (4.06%) Vagrant
16 32 (3.61%) Visual Studio
17 31 (3.50%) TeamCity
18 26 (2.93%) Gradle
19 25 (2.82%) Travis CI
20 23 (2.60%) NUnit
General
1 188 (21.22%) Finance
2 100 (11.29%) Banking
3 58 (6.55%) Front Office
4 48 (5.42%) Retail
5 39 (4.40%) Investment Banking
6 16 (1.81%) Marketing
7 14 (1.58%) Back Office
8 13 (1.47%) Advertising
8 13 (1.47%) Telecoms
9 7 (0.79%) General Ledger
10 6 (0.68%) Games
10 6 (0.68%) Law
10 6 (0.68%) Legal
10 6 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.34%) Automotive
11 3 (0.34%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.23%) International Banking
12 2 (0.23%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.11%) Electronics
13 1 (0.11%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 502 (56.66%) Developer
2 215 (24.27%) Java Developer
3 96 (10.84%) Senior Developer
4 83 (9.37%) Architect
5 54 (6.09%) Senior Java Developer
6 52 (5.87%) Data Engineer
7 48 (5.42%) .NET Developer
8 47 (5.30%) Oracle Developer
9 45 (5.08%) Front Office Developer
10 42 (4.74%) Full Stack Developer
11 41 (4.63%) DevOps Engineer
12 34 (3.84%) SQL Developer
13 33 (3.72%) Analyst
14 31 (3.50%) DBA
15 30 (3.39%) Big Data Engineer
16 29 (3.27%) Consultant
17 27 (3.05%) SC Cleared Java Developer
18 26 (2.93%) Software Engineer
19 23 (2.60%) Integration Developer
19 23 (2.60%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 186 (20.99%) Spring
2 172 (19.41%) REST
3 150 (16.93%) XML
4 138 (15.58%) HTML
5 136 (15.35%) Hibernate
6 129 (14.56%) JMS
7 127 (14.33%) RESTful
8 123 (13.88%) .NET
9 117 (13.21%) Web Services
10 108 (12.19%) CSS
11 101 (11.40%) AngularJS
12 91 (10.27%) JSON
13 82 (9.26%) Java EE
14 78 (8.80%) Kafka
15 67 (7.56%) Node.js
16 61 (6.88%) HTML5
17 55 (6.21%) Spring Boot
18 53 (5.98%) React
19 52 (5.87%) J2EE
20 51 (5.76%) JAX-RS
Miscellaneous
1 70 (7.90%) Analytical Skills
2 53 (5.98%) Derivative
3 52 (5.87%) Linux Command Line
4 49 (5.53%) Enterprise Software
5 43 (4.85%) Algorithms
6 39 (4.40%) Self-Motivation
7 38 (4.29%) Equity Derivative
7 38 (4.29%) Greenfield Project
8 27 (3.05%) Computer Science
9 26 (2.93%) Fixed Income
10 23 (2.60%) Fintech
10 23 (2.60%) HoloLens
11 21 (2.37%) Management Information System
12 20 (2.26%) Interest Rate Derivative
13 16 (1.81%) Data Centre
14 14 (1.58%) Equities
15 12 (1.35%) Clustering
16 11 (1.24%) Data Structures
16 11 (1.24%) NHS
17 10 (1.13%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 217 (24.49%) Linux
2 198 (22.35%) Unix
3 74 (8.35%) Windows
4 34 (3.84%) VMS
5 23 (2.60%) Windows Server
6 18 (2.03%) AIX
7 9 (1.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (1.02%) Solaris
8 7 (0.79%) CentOS
8 7 (0.79%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.56%) Android
9 5 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.45%) Apple iOS
10 4 (0.45%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.34%) Amazon Linux
11 3 (0.34%) Windows 7
12 2 (0.23%) Fedora
12 2 (0.23%) HPUX
13 1 (0.11%) VME
13 1 (0.11%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 430 (48.53%) Agile Software Development
2 195 (22.01%) OO
3 179 (20.20%) Test Automation
4 154 (17.38%) Microservices
5 145 (16.37%) Scrum
6 143 (16.14%) DevOps
7 132 (14.90%) TDD
8 125 (14.11%) Continuous Integration
9 117 (13.21%) SDLC
10 109 (12.30%) Open Source
11 108 (12.19%) Problem-Solving
12 92 (10.38%) Analytics
13 83 (9.37%) Business Intelligence
14 77 (8.69%) ETL
15 71 (8.01%) Data Modelling
15 71 (8.01%) MVC
16 68 (7.67%) Domain-Driven Design
16 68 (7.67%) OOP
17 65 (7.34%) Configuration Management
18 63 (7.11%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 420 (47.40%) Java
2 339 (38.26%) SQL
3 215 (24.27%) Python
4 181 (20.43%) JavaScript
5 142 (16.03%) Java 8
6 120 (13.54%) C#
7 65 (7.34%) PL/SQL
8 62 (7.00%) Scala
9 54 (6.09%) Perl
9 54 (6.09%) Shell Script
10 53 (5.98%) Bash Shell
11 51 (5.76%) C++
11 51 (5.76%) JPQL
12 35 (3.95%) PowerShell
12 35 (3.95%) Ruby
13 26 (2.93%) C
14 25 (2.82%) T-SQL
15 24 (2.71%) Korn
16 23 (2.60%) VB.NET
17 22 (2.48%) PHP
Qualifications
1 93 (10.50%) Security Cleared
2 74 (8.35%) SC Cleared
3 60 (6.77%) Degree
4 15 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (1.24%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.90%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
8 4 (0.45%) MCSE
9 3 (0.34%) ISEB
9 3 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.34%) Siebel Certification
10 2 (0.23%) OCP
10 2 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
10 2 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.11%) CISSP
11 1 (0.11%) MBA
11 1 (0.11%) MCITP
11 1 (0.11%) MCSA
11 1 (0.11%) MCTS
11 1 (0.11%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (5.42%) Data Quality
2 18 (2.03%) GCP
2 18 (2.03%) QA
3 17 (1.92%) GDPR
4 7 (0.79%) Disclosure Scotland
5 5 (0.56%) PMO
6 3 (0.34%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.34%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.23%) WCAG
8 1 (0.11%) HL7
8 1 (0.11%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.11%) PSD2
System Software
1 79 (8.92%) Docker
2 30 (3.39%) Virtual Machines
3 21 (2.37%) Active Directory
4 13 (1.47%) HDFS
4 13 (1.47%) Oracle RAC
4 13 (1.47%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (1.35%) Apache Flume
6 6 (0.68%) VMware Server
7 2 (0.23%) Oracle Clusterware
8 1 (0.11%) KVM
8 1 (0.11%) LXC
8 1 (0.11%) oVirt
8 1 (0.11%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 1 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.11%) Xen
Systems Management
1 61 (6.88%) Puppet
2 54 (6.09%) Opscode Chef
3 36 (4.06%) Kubernetes
4 31 (3.50%) Ansible
4 31 (3.50%) Mesos
5 23 (2.60%) Marathon
6 19 (2.14%) Terraform
7 12 (1.35%) Data Guard
8 10 (1.13%) Rancher
9 8 (0.90%) Docker Swarm
9 8 (0.90%) Oozie
10 7 (0.79%) Oracle RMAN
11 6 (0.68%) Control-M
11 6 (0.68%) ITRS Geneos
11 6 (0.68%) Single Sign-On
12 5 (0.56%) BladeLogic
12 5 (0.56%) yum
13 4 (0.45%) Kibana
14 3 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
14 3 (0.34%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 378 (42.66%) Oracle
2 101 (11.40%) Microsoft
3 32 (3.61%) Teradata
4 28 (3.16%) IBM
5 24 (2.71%) Talend
6 23 (2.60%) Google
7 22 (2.48%) Sybase
8 19 (2.14%) Atlassian
8 19 (2.14%) Tableau
9 18 (2.03%) TIBCO
10 17 (1.92%) Informatica
11 16 (1.81%) VMware
12 14 (1.58%) Adobe
12 14 (1.58%) MapR
12 14 (1.58%) SAP
13 12 (1.35%) Splunk
14 11 (1.24%) Cloudera
15 10 (1.13%) AppDynamics
15 10 (1.13%) ION Trading
16 9 (1.02%) MuleSoft