Period
to 6 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 6 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
6 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 371 293 267
Rank change year-on-year -78 -26 +83
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 518 928 1,042
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.64% 0.89% 1.00%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.99% 3.93% 4.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 297 610 694
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £350 £363 £325
90th Percentile £628 £625 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 5 8
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £29.74
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.83% -19.31% -30.02%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £29.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +18.64% -15.71% -17.65%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 17,341 23,627 22,879
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.28% 22.53% 22.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,677 16,476 15,673
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £310
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 260 253 280
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £32.50 £30.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.56% +8.93%
10th Percentile £13.06 £13.75 £14.00
90th Percentile £65.00 £57.50 £57.06
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £34.25 £35.00
% change year-on-year -12.41% -2.14% +25.00%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 6 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -48 441 £525 - 147
London -30 305 £550 - 56
UK excluding London -90 205 £450 +5.88% 117
South East +31 58 £450 - 31
Scotland -12 47 £450 +5.88% 14
North of England -6 33 £425 +6.25% 26
South West -26 21 £375 -14.29% 9
North West 0 20 £388 -2.15% 15
Midlands +22 14 £400 -20.00% 11
Yorkshire +16 12 £481 +13.24% 8
Wales +11 12 £450 +15.38% 12
Northern Ireland -16 12 £460 +11.65% 2
East of England +10 8 £413 -17.50% 13
East Midlands +23 7 £450 +16.88% 4
West Midlands +17 7 £325 -35.00% 7
North East +15 1 - - 3

For the 6 months to 6 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 518 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 255 (49.23%) SQL
3 228 (44.02%) Agile Software Development
4 227 (43.82%) Java
5 212 (40.93%) Oracle
6 158 (30.50%) AWS
7 141 (27.22%) MySQL
8 140 (27.03%) DevOps
9 138 (26.64%) SQL Server
10 136 (26.25%) Python
11 133 (25.68%) Finance
12 123 (23.75%) PostgreSQL
13 115 (22.20%) Azure
14 113 (21.81%) Software Engineering
15 106 (20.46%) Microservices
16 97 (18.73%) NoSQL
16 97 (18.73%) Linux
17 95 (18.34%) JavaScript
18 88 (16.99%) Web Services
19 83 (16.02%) Analytics
20 79 (15.25%) JIRA
21 77 (14.86%) Git (software)
22 76 (14.67%) Unix
23 72 (13.90%) Migration
23 72 (13.90%) Continuous Integration
24 69 (13.32%) XML
24 69 (13.32%) Kubernetes
25 68 (13.13%) Microsoft
26 67 (12.93%) ETL
26 67 (12.93%) Banking

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (9.46%) Confluence
2 37 (7.14%) Apache
3 29 (5.60%) Apache Spark
4 21 (4.05%) Tomcat
5 14 (2.70%) Elasticsearch
6 12 (2.32%) JBoss
7 11 (2.12%) SharePoint
8 9 (1.74%) IIS
9 8 (1.54%) nginx
9 8 (1.54%) WebLogic
10 7 (1.35%) SAS
11 6 (1.16%) NetWeaver
11 6 (1.16%) WebSphere
12 5 (0.97%) Apache Airflow
12 5 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
13 4 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.77%) SAP EP
13 4 (0.77%) WordPress
14 3 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 3 (0.58%) Sonic ESB
Applications
1 8 (1.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.39%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.19%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 20 (3.86%) FINCAD Analytics
2 16 (3.09%) Sonata
3 9 (1.74%) Adobe Campaign
4 8 (1.54%) PolarLake
5 6 (1.16%) Markit EDM
6 4 (0.77%) SAP BPC
7 3 (0.58%) R3 Corda
7 3 (0.58%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 2 (0.39%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.39%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.39%) SAP Bank Analyzer
9 1 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
9 1 (0.19%) GoldMine
9 1 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 158 (30.50%) AWS
2 115 (22.20%) Azure
3 65 (12.55%) GCP
4 32 (6.18%) SaaS
5 30 (5.79%) Power Platform
6 28 (5.41%) PaaS
7 24 (4.63%) Amazon S3
8 23 (4.44%) AWS Step Functions
8 23 (4.44%) GitHub
9 17 (3.28%) Amazon SQS
10 9 (1.74%) IaaS
10 9 (1.74%) Serverless
11 8 (1.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 8 (1.54%) Azure Machine Learning
12 7 (1.35%) Amazon Kinesis
12 7 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
12 7 (1.35%) Slack
13 6 (1.16%) Amazon EC2
13 6 (1.16%) AWS CloudFormation
13 6 (1.16%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 19 (3.67%) HTTP
2 15 (2.90%) DNS
3 12 (2.32%) TCP/IP
4 11 (2.12%) FTP
5 8 (1.54%) SSL
6 7 (1.35%) DHCP
6 7 (1.35%) IPsec
6 7 (1.35%) SSH
7 5 (0.97%) Firewall
7 5 (0.97%) Skype
8 3 (0.58%) iSCSI
9 2 (0.39%) Extranet
9 2 (0.39%) Intranet
9 2 (0.39%) LAN
9 2 (0.39%) Software-Defined Networking
9 2 (0.39%) WAN
10 1 (0.19%) Ethernet
10 1 (0.19%) FCoE
10 1 (0.19%) Internet
10 1 (0.19%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 518 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 141 (27.22%) MySQL
3 138 (26.64%) SQL Server
4 123 (23.75%) PostgreSQL
5 97 (18.73%) NoSQL
6 65 (12.55%) Oracle Database
7 59 (11.39%) MongoDB
8 57 (11.00%) Big Data
9 53 (10.23%) Data Warehouse
9 53 (10.23%) Hadoop
10 50 (9.65%) Apache Cassandra
11 47 (9.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 46 (8.88%) DB2
13 43 (8.30%) Amazon Aurora
14 38 (7.34%) Redis
15 30 (5.79%) Power BI
16 27 (5.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 26 (5.02%) Couchbase
17 26 (5.02%) HBase
18 25 (4.83%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 79 (15.25%) JIRA
2 77 (14.86%) Git (software)
3 59 (11.39%) Jenkins
4 36 (6.95%) JUnit
5 29 (5.60%) Mockito
6 28 (5.41%) Cucumber
7 27 (5.21%) Visual Studio Team System
8 18 (3.47%) Maven
9 14 (2.70%) SonarQube
10 13 (2.51%) Subversion
11 9 (1.74%) Selenium
11 9 (1.74%) TeamCity
12 8 (1.54%) Checkstyle
13 6 (1.16%) Gradle
13 6 (1.16%) Liquibase
13 6 (1.16%) Visual Studio
14 5 (0.97%) GitLab
14 5 (0.97%) NUnit
14 5 (0.97%) Spock
14 5 (0.97%) Travis CI
General
1 133 (25.68%) Finance
2 67 (12.93%) Banking
3 33 (6.37%) Front Office
4 24 (4.63%) Investment Banking
5 23 (4.44%) Public Sector
6 22 (4.25%) Marketing
7 19 (3.67%) Legal
8 9 (1.74%) Games
8 9 (1.74%) Retail
9 7 (1.35%) Publishing
9 7 (1.35%) Telecoms
10 4 (0.77%) Automotive
11 3 (0.58%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.39%) Electronics
12 2 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.19%) Advertising
13 1 (0.19%) Law
13 1 (0.19%) Military
13 1 (0.19%) Private Banking
13 1 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 213 (41.12%) Developer
2 84 (16.22%) Java Developer
3 50 (9.65%) Software Engineer
4 46 (8.88%) Architect
5 44 (8.49%) AWS Developer
6 40 (7.72%) Data Engineer
7 36 (6.95%) Java Engineer
8 35 (6.76%) Analyst
9 34 (6.56%) AWS Engineer
10 32 (6.18%) Senior Developer
11 30 (5.79%) DevOps Engineer
12 29 (5.60%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 29 (5.60%) Java Software Engineer
13 28 (5.41%) Java Software Developer
14 27 (5.21%) Consultant
15 26 (5.02%) Data Analyst
16 25 (4.83%) DBA
17 23 (4.44%) AWS Software Engineer
18 19 (3.67%) Data Scientist
19 18 (3.47%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 88 (16.99%) Web Services
2 69 (13.32%) XML
3 64 (12.36%) HTML
4 54 (10.42%) .NET
5 53 (10.23%) J2EE
6 51 (9.85%) REST
7 49 (9.46%) CSS
8 47 (9.07%) Kafka
9 46 (8.88%) Spring
10 42 (8.11%) RESTful
11 35 (6.76%) JSON
12 33 (6.37%) J2SE
12 33 (6.37%) React
13 32 (6.18%) Pandas
14 30 (5.79%) AngularJS
15 29 (5.60%) HTML5
16 28 (5.41%) scikit-learn
17 27 (5.21%) jQuery
18 23 (4.44%) Node.js
19 22 (4.25%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 41 (7.92%) Analytical Skills
2 35 (6.76%) Derivative
3 29 (5.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 28 (5.41%) Fixed Income
5 24 (4.63%) Clustering
6 22 (4.25%) Equity Derivative
6 22 (4.25%) Pricing Data
7 21 (4.05%) Hedge funds
8 20 (3.86%) Greenfield Project
9 16 (3.09%) Market Risk
9 16 (3.09%) Public Cloud
10 15 (2.90%) Algorithms
11 13 (2.51%) Enterprise Software
12 12 (2.32%) Equities
12 12 (2.32%) Reference Data
13 10 (1.93%) Credit Risk
14 9 (1.74%) Client/Server
14 9 (1.74%) Linux Command Line
14 9 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
15 8 (1.54%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 97 (18.73%) Linux
2 76 (14.67%) Unix
3 30 (5.79%) Windows
4 13 (2.51%) Windows Server
5 10 (1.93%) CentOS
5 10 (1.93%) Ubuntu
6 9 (1.74%) Solaris
7 7 (1.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.77%) AIX
9 2 (0.39%) Android
9 2 (0.39%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.19%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 228 (44.02%) Agile Software Development
2 140 (27.03%) DevOps
3 113 (21.81%) Software Engineering
4 106 (20.46%) Microservices
5 83 (16.02%) Analytics
6 72 (13.90%) Continuous Integration
6 72 (13.90%) Migration
7 67 (12.93%) ETL
8 64 (12.36%) Business Intelligence
8 64 (12.36%) Data Modelling
9 58 (11.20%) Problem-Solving
10 57 (11.00%) Machine Learning
11 48 (9.27%) TDD
12 47 (9.07%) Data Science
13 45 (8.69%) Asset Management
14 44 (8.49%) Test Automation
15 42 (8.11%) Data Management
16 39 (7.53%) Scrum
17 37 (7.14%) Mentoring
17 37 (7.14%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 255 (49.23%) SQL
2 227 (43.82%) Java
3 136 (26.25%) Python
4 95 (18.34%) JavaScript
5 47 (9.07%) C#
6 40 (7.72%) Scala
7 34 (6.56%) PHP
8 33 (6.37%) Shell Script
9 30 (5.79%) Java 8
10 24 (4.63%) C++
11 23 (4.44%) Bash Shell
12 21 (4.05%) PL/SQL
12 21 (4.05%) PowerShell
13 20 (3.86%) Kotlin
14 19 (3.67%) Perl
15 15 (2.90%) T-SQL
16 10 (1.93%) TypeScript
17 9 (1.74%) PHP 5
17 9 (1.74%) PHP 7
18 8 (1.54%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 59 (11.39%) Security Cleared
2 49 (9.46%) SC Cleared
3 20 (3.86%) Degree
4 8 (1.54%) Microsoft Certification
5 6 (1.16%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.97%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (0.97%) SAS Certification
7 3 (0.58%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.58%) Oracle Certification
8 2 (0.39%) BC Cleared
8 2 (0.39%) CEH
8 2 (0.39%) OCP
8 2 (0.39%) PMI Certification
8 2 (0.39%) TOGAF Certification
9 1 (0.19%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.19%) CISM
9 1 (0.19%) CISSP
9 1 (0.19%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.19%) ISSMP
9 1 (0.19%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (3.67%) QA
2 12 (2.32%) Data Quality
3 6 (1.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.39%) COBIT
6 1 (0.19%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.19%) EMIR
6 1 (0.19%) GDPR
6 1 (0.19%) MiFID
6 1 (0.19%) NCSC
6 1 (0.19%) NIST
System Software
1 67 (12.93%) Docker
2 15 (2.90%) Active Directory
3 9 (1.74%) Apache Flume
4 6 (1.16%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.77%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.77%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 2 (0.39%) HDFS
6 2 (0.39%) NFS
6 2 (0.39%) Samba
6 2 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.19%) vSphere
7 1 (0.19%) Xen
7 1 (0.19%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 69 (13.32%) Kubernetes
2 33 (6.37%) Ansible
3 31 (5.98%) Opscode Chef
3 31 (5.98%) Terraform
4 29 (5.60%) Puppet
5 10 (1.93%) Istio
5 10 (1.93%) linkerd
5 10 (1.93%) Single Sign-On
6 9 (1.74%) Grafana
7 8 (1.54%) Nagios
8 7 (1.35%) Kibana
9 6 (1.16%) Data Guard
10 5 (0.97%) MIIS
10 5 (0.97%) Oracle RMAN
11 4 (0.77%) Salt
12 3 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
12 3 (0.58%) Packer
12 3 (0.58%) SCCM
13 2 (0.39%) Oozie
13 2 (0.39%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 212 (40.93%) Oracle
2 68 (13.13%) Microsoft
3 54 (10.42%) Google
4 52 (10.04%) Sybase
5 25 (4.83%) SAP
6 24 (4.63%) Atlassian
7 21 (4.05%) IBM
8 18 (3.47%) Red Hat
9 17 (3.28%) Tableau
10 13 (2.51%) Informatica
11 12 (2.32%) Teradata
12 11 (2.12%) Adobe
12 11 (2.12%) Cloudera
12 11 (2.12%) Zend
13 9 (1.74%) Bloomberg
14 8 (1.54%) Databricks
15 7 (1.35%) Hortonworks
15 7 (1.35%) MapR
15 7 (1.35%) Talend
16 6 (1.16%) MicroStrategy