Period
to 21 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 21 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 280 261 336
Rank change year-on-year -19 +75 +16
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 942 1,037 760
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.91% 1.01% 0.73%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 4.03% 4.55% 3.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 620 691 495
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% +1.12%
10th Percentile £363 £330 £306
90th Percentile £625 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 8 5
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £29.74 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.68% -30.02% +6.25%
10th Percentile £19.70 £22.66 £37.80
90th Percentile £60.25 £44.13 £46.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - -17.65% +6.25%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 23,365 22,796 23,670
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.45% 22.10% 22.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,262 15,579 15,691
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £310 £285
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £378
% change year-on-year +6.25% +5.96% +0.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 245 288 368
UK median hourly rate £33.50 £31.23 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.27% +11.54% -1.75%
10th Percentile £13.81 £14.00 £10.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £57.44 £52.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £28.00
% change year-on-year - +25.00% -6.67%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -29 778 £535 +1.90% 201
London -21 504 £550 - 90
UK excluding London -6 435 £425 +3.03% 130
Scotland +8 100 £425 +3.03% 15
South East +6 84 £444 +4.41% 38
North of England -7 70 £400 -5.88% 27
South West +8 50 £438 +23.24% 24
Midlands -32 40 £475 +26.67% 7
North West -34 38 £400 -11.11% 18
Northern Ireland +26 35 £412 -4.19% 1
East of England -12 35 £500 +37.93% 15
Yorkshire +3 28 £425 +6.25% 9
Wales -44 26 £425 +15.65% 3
West Midlands -20 23 £500 +17.65% 4
East Midlands -12 17 £385 +10.00% 3
North East -3 4 £270 -18.18%

For the 6 months to 21 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 944 (100.21%) Relational Database
2 508 (53.93%) Agile Software Development
3 437 (46.39%) Java
4 431 (45.75%) Oracle
5 420 (44.59%) SQL
6 280 (29.72%) SQL Server
7 239 (25.37%) Git (software)
8 224 (23.78%) NoSQL
9 219 (23.25%) JavaScript
10 216 (22.93%) Microservices
11 213 (22.61%) Test Automation
12 211 (22.40%) Unix
13 205 (21.76%) Spring
14 203 (21.55%) Finance
15 201 (21.34%) MySQL
15 201 (21.34%) DevOps
16 184 (19.53%) Python
17 176 (18.68%) AngularJS
18 174 (18.47%) HTML
18 174 (18.47%) CSS
19 164 (17.41%) XML
20 159 (16.88%) Java 8
21 158 (16.77%) Hibernate
22 156 (16.56%) Linux
23 151 (16.03%) Continuous Integration
24 147 (15.61%) RESTful
25 145 (15.39%) REST
26 142 (15.07%) OO
27 139 (14.76%) Web Services
28 132 (14.01%) Amazon AWS

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (9.98%) Confluence
2 72 (7.64%) Apache Spark
3 66 (7.01%) WildFly
4 59 (6.26%) WebSphere
5 33 (3.50%) Elasticsearch
6 23 (2.44%) Mule
7 22 (2.34%) WebLogic
8 20 (2.12%) Apache Solr
9 18 (1.91%) SharePoint
10 17 (1.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 14 (1.49%) IIS
12 12 (1.27%) Apache
12 12 (1.27%) OpenStack
12 12 (1.27%) SAS
12 12 (1.27%) SharePoint 2013
13 11 (1.17%) CMS
13 11 (1.17%) JBoss
14 8 (0.85%) Mule ESB
14 8 (0.85%) Tomcat
15 5 (0.53%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 22 (2.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.17%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.64%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.42%) HipChat
4 4 (0.42%) SPSS
5 3 (0.32%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 13 (1.38%) Teamcenter
2 7 (0.74%) Endur
2 7 (0.74%) ION MarketView
3 6 (0.64%) Adobe Campaign
3 6 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.32%) Oracle EBS R12
5 2 (0.21%) BASE24
5 2 (0.21%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.21%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.21%) Oracle iProcurement
5 2 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.21%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 2 (0.21%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.21%) Oracle TCA
5 2 (0.21%) Workday HCM
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Utilities
6 1 (0.11%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 132 (14.01%) Amazon AWS
2 92 (9.77%) Microsoft Azure
3 21 (2.23%) Google Cloud Platform
4 18 (1.91%) PaaS
5 17 (1.80%) Amazon EC2
5 17 (1.80%) Amazon S3
5 17 (1.80%) SaaS
5 17 (1.80%) Serverless
6 16 (1.70%) Amazon EMR
7 13 (1.38%) IaaS
7 13 (1.38%) Office 365
8 12 (1.27%) Apigee
9 10 (1.06%) Amazon SQS
10 9 (0.96%) AWS CloudFormation
10 9 (0.96%) AWS Lambda
10 9 (0.96%) Azure Functions
11 8 (0.85%) Datadog
11 8 (0.85%) npm
12 7 (0.74%) Azure Data Factory
13 6 (0.64%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 35 (3.72%) HTTP
2 24 (2.55%) TCP/IP
3 20 (2.12%) SSL
4 18 (1.91%) FTP
5 16 (1.70%) DNS
6 14 (1.49%) DHCP
7 13 (1.38%) IPsec
8 12 (1.27%) Internet
9 8 (0.85%) VPN
10 6 (0.64%) AMQP
11 3 (0.32%) Firewall
11 3 (0.32%) SAN
12 2 (0.21%) FIX Connectivity
12 2 (0.21%) WAN
13 1 (0.11%) Converged Networks
13 1 (0.11%) DMZ
13 1 (0.11%) LAN
13 1 (0.11%) MPLS
13 1 (0.11%) Unified Communications
13 1 (0.11%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 944 (100.21%) Relational Database
2 280 (29.72%) SQL Server
3 224 (23.78%) NoSQL
4 201 (21.34%) MySQL
5 119 (12.63%) MongoDB
6 107 (11.36%) Oracle Database
7 99 (10.51%) Data Warehouse
8 95 (10.08%) Hadoop
9 94 (9.98%) Big Data
10 92 (9.77%) PostgreSQL
11 67 (7.11%) DB2
12 66 (7.01%) Apache Cassandra
13 44 (4.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 42 (4.46%) Apache Hive
15 37 (3.93%) Oracle Database 11g
16 27 (2.87%) Power BI
17 25 (2.65%) SQL Server 2008
18 24 (2.55%) DB2 UDB
18 24 (2.55%) HBase
18 24 (2.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 239 (25.37%) Git (software)
2 112 (11.89%) JIRA
2 112 (11.89%) Maven
3 111 (11.78%) JUnit
4 110 (11.68%) Jenkins
5 82 (8.70%) Mockito
6 73 (7.75%) Checkstyle
7 71 (7.54%) SonarQube
8 69 (7.32%) Liquibase
9 66 (7.01%) Vagrant
10 54 (5.73%) Subversion
11 43 (4.56%) Eclipse
12 39 (4.14%) Visual Studio Team System
13 38 (4.03%) NUnit
14 28 (2.97%) Cucumber
14 28 (2.97%) Selenium
14 28 (2.97%) Team Foundation Server
15 27 (2.87%) Artifactory
16 23 (2.44%) MSTest
17 20 (2.12%) Visual Studio
General
1 203 (21.55%) Finance
2 121 (12.85%) Banking
3 70 (7.43%) Front Office
4 62 (6.58%) Investment Banking
5 56 (5.94%) Retail
6 22 (2.34%) Marketing
7 14 (1.49%) Financial Institution
8 10 (1.06%) Back Office
8 10 (1.06%) Legal
9 8 (0.85%) Telecoms
10 7 (0.74%) Law
11 5 (0.53%) Manufacturing
12 4 (0.42%) Electronics
12 4 (0.42%) Games
13 2 (0.21%) Advertising
13 2 (0.21%) General Ledger
14 1 (0.11%) Aerospace
14 1 (0.11%) Billing
14 1 (0.11%) International Banking
14 1 (0.11%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 553 (58.70%) Developer
2 254 (26.96%) Java Developer
3 78 (8.28%) Full Stack Developer
4 77 (8.17%) Senior Developer
5 75 (7.96%) Architect
6 60 (6.37%) DevOps Engineer
7 57 (6.05%) Senior Java Developer
8 48 (5.10%) Analyst
8 48 (5.10%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 44 (4.67%) DBA
10 43 (4.56%) SQL Developer
11 40 (4.25%) Front Office Developer
12 39 (4.14%) .NET Developer
13 38 (4.03%) Data Engineer
13 38 (4.03%) Software Engineer
14 34 (3.61%) Consultant
15 27 (2.87%) SQL DBA
16 26 (2.76%) React Developer
17 25 (2.65%) Node.js Developer
18 24 (2.55%) Front Office C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 205 (21.76%) Spring
2 176 (18.68%) AngularJS
3 174 (18.47%) CSS
3 174 (18.47%) HTML
4 164 (17.41%) XML
5 158 (16.77%) Hibernate
6 147 (15.61%) RESTful
7 145 (15.39%) REST
8 139 (14.76%) Web Services
9 123 (13.06%) JMS
10 119 (12.63%) Node.js
11 113 (12.00%) React
12 112 (11.89%) HTML5
13 109 (11.57%) .NET
14 101 (10.72%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 83 (8.81%) Kafka
16 82 (8.70%) CSS3
17 81 (8.60%) JSON
17 81 (8.60%) Spring Boot
18 77 (8.17%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 78 (8.28%) Analytical Skills
2 72 (7.64%) Linux Command Line
3 60 (6.37%) Derivative
4 39 (4.14%) Fixed Income
5 37 (3.93%) Algorithms
6 36 (3.82%) Equity Derivative
7 29 (3.08%) Self-Motivation
8 26 (2.76%) Enterprise Software
9 25 (2.65%) Greenfield Project
10 24 (2.55%) Interest Rate Derivative
11 22 (2.34%) Computer Science
12 21 (2.23%) Management Information System
13 17 (1.80%) HoloLens
14 15 (1.59%) NHS
15 14 (1.49%) Equities
15 14 (1.49%) Fintech
16 11 (1.17%) Data Centre
17 10 (1.06%) Mobile App
18 9 (0.96%) Data Structures
18 9 (0.96%) OTC Derivatives
Operating Systems
1 211 (22.40%) Unix
2 156 (16.56%) Linux
3 88 (9.34%) Windows
4 66 (7.01%) VMS
5 25 (2.65%) Windows Server
6 19 (2.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 16 (1.70%) Windows Server 2012
8 14 (1.49%) Android
8 14 (1.49%) Apple iOS
9 7 (0.74%) Solaris
10 6 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
11 5 (0.53%) AIX
11 5 (0.53%) Windows 7
12 4 (0.42%) CentOS
13 3 (0.32%) Amazon Linux
13 3 (0.32%) HPUX
13 3 (0.32%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
14 1 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.11%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 508 (53.93%) Agile Software Development
2 216 (22.93%) Microservices
3 213 (22.61%) Test Automation
4 201 (21.34%) DevOps
5 151 (16.03%) Continuous Integration
6 142 (15.07%) OO
7 118 (12.53%) Scrum
8 108 (11.46%) TDD
9 99 (10.51%) SDLC
10 98 (10.40%) Open Source
11 93 (9.87%) Data Modelling
12 82 (8.70%) Domain-Driven Design
13 80 (8.49%) Analytics
13 80 (8.49%) Business Intelligence
14 79 (8.39%) ETL
15 78 (8.28%) OOA/OOD
16 77 (8.17%) MVC
17 76 (8.07%) Dependency Injection
18 74 (7.86%) CQRS
19 72 (7.64%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 437 (46.39%) Java
2 420 (44.59%) SQL
3 219 (23.25%) JavaScript
4 184 (19.53%) Python
5 159 (16.88%) Java 8
6 129 (13.69%) C#
7 77 (8.17%) PL/SQL
8 73 (7.75%) JPQL
9 67 (7.11%) Scala
10 61 (6.48%) Shell Script
11 58 (6.16%) C++
12 40 (4.25%) T-SQL
13 39 (4.14%) Perl
14 35 (3.72%) PowerShell
15 32 (3.40%) Bash Shell
16 25 (2.65%) Ruby
17 24 (2.55%) VC++
18 20 (2.12%) C
19 16 (1.70%) TypeScript
20 14 (1.49%) PHP
Qualifications
1 114 (12.10%) Security Cleared
2 93 (9.87%) SC Cleared
3 55 (5.84%) Degree
4 16 (1.70%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (1.06%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (0.96%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.42%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.32%) ISEB
9 2 (0.21%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.21%) PhD
10 1 (0.11%) CCNA
10 1 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.11%) CISSP
10 1 (0.11%) MCSA
10 1 (0.11%) MCSE
10 1 (0.11%) OCP
10 1 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
10 1 (0.11%) TOGAF Certification
10 1 (0.11%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (4.35%) Data Quality
2 17 (1.80%) QA
3 12 (1.27%) Basel III
3 12 (1.27%) GDPR
4 3 (0.32%) Dodd-Frank
4 3 (0.32%) EMIR
4 3 (0.32%) IFRS
4 3 (0.32%) IFRS 9
4 3 (0.32%) ISO 20022
4 3 (0.32%) MiFID
4 3 (0.32%) WCAG
5 2 (0.21%) PMO
6 1 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.11%) HL7
6 1 (0.11%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 86 (9.13%) Docker
2 26 (2.76%) Active Directory
3 16 (1.70%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (1.27%) HDFS
5 11 (1.17%) VMware Infrastructure
6 10 (1.06%) Apache Flume
7 9 (0.96%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.21%) KVM
8 2 (0.21%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
8 2 (0.21%) VMware Server
9 1 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.11%) oVirt
9 1 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.11%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 70 (7.43%) Puppet
2 63 (6.69%) Opscode Chef
3 46 (4.88%) Ansible
4 35 (3.72%) Kubernetes
5 34 (3.61%) Mesos
6 32 (3.40%) Terraform
7 30 (3.18%) Marathon
8 20 (2.12%) Single Sign-On
9 15 (1.59%) Kibana
10 12 (1.27%) logstash
11 9 (0.96%) Control-M
11 9 (0.96%) Data Guard
12 8 (0.85%) Oozie
13 7 (0.74%) Suricata
14 5 (0.53%) Oracle RMAN
15 4 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
15 4 (0.42%) Packer
15 4 (0.42%) Rancher
16 3 (0.32%) yum
17 2 (0.21%) Nagios
Vendors
1 431 (45.75%) Oracle
2 92 (9.77%) Microsoft
3 39 (4.14%) Sybase
4 36 (3.82%) Informatica
5 34 (3.61%) Teradata
6 29 (3.08%) Google
7 23 (2.44%) IBM
8 17 (1.80%) Netezza
8 17 (1.80%) TIBCO
9 16 (1.70%) Red Hat
10 15 (1.59%) Xamarin
11 14 (1.49%) Databricks
11 14 (1.49%) MuleSoft
12 13 (1.38%) Adobe
12 13 (1.38%) SAP
12 13 (1.38%) VMware
13 12 (1.27%) Atlassian
14 11 (1.17%) Cloudera
15 10 (1.06%) Splunk
15 10 (1.06%) Tableau