Period
to 23 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 23 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
23 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 368 304 275
Rank change year-on-year -64 -29 +76
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 390 849 981
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.58% 0.86% 0.97%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.73% 3.88% 4.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 212 549 705
UK median daily rate £500 £483 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.52% -5.29% +13.33%
10th Percentile £325 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £628 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £450 £420
% change year-on-year -6.67% +7.14% +12.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 7 4
UK median hourly rate £27.43 £24.00 £33.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.27% -27.82% -24.43%
10th Percentile £26.65 £17.70 £23.00
90th Percentile £28.20 £53.25 £44.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.43 £24.00 £33.25
% change year-on-year +14.27% -27.82% -24.43%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 14,294 21,907 22,128
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.22% 22.29% 21.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,455 15,104 15,411
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £319 £320 £312
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +1.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 235 247 251
UK median hourly rate £31.50 £35.00 £34.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% +2.94% +28.30%
10th Percentile £13.85 £13.00 £15.18
90th Percentile £56.50 £55.40 £56.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £26.00 £35.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -25.71% -6.67% +50.00%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 23 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -49 351 £500 - 164
London +10 222 £550 - 67
UK excluding London -87 160 £420 -6.67% 120
North of England +12 43 £415 -7.78% 34
South East +34 30 £376 -20.41% 35
Scotland -46 25 £420 -11.58% 9
North West +28 23 £408 +0.93% 21
South West -2 22 £365 -18.89% 6
East of England +19 17 £438 -2.78% 7
Midlands 0 15 £450 - 15
Yorkshire +20 14 £475 -5.00% 10
North East +21 11 £405 -14.74% 3
East Midlands +28 10 £450 +5.26% 4
Northern Ireland -8 7 £460 +11.65% 2
West Midlands +8 5 £363 -21.62% 11
Wales +6 1 - - 13

For the 6 months to 23 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 390 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 198 (50.77%) SQL
3 194 (49.74%) Oracle
4 182 (46.67%) Java
5 150 (38.46%) Agile Software Development
6 142 (36.41%) SQL Server
7 118 (30.26%) Finance
8 115 (29.49%) Web Services
9 110 (28.21%) AWS
10 99 (25.38%) Python
11 96 (24.62%) Azure
12 95 (24.36%) Software Engineering
12 95 (24.36%) MySQL
13 88 (22.56%) XML
14 81 (20.77%) PostgreSQL
15 80 (20.51%) Microservices
16 77 (19.74%) ETL
17 65 (16.67%) NoSQL
18 64 (16.41%) JIRA
18 64 (16.41%) Migration
19 62 (15.90%) Git (software)
19 62 (15.90%) Analytics
20 60 (15.38%) JavaScript
21 59 (15.13%) Data Modelling
22 58 (14.87%) Linux
22 58 (14.87%) Problem-Solving
23 55 (14.10%) DevOps
23 55 (14.10%) Data Warehouse
24 54 (13.85%) MongoDB
25 53 (13.59%) Banking

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (9.23%) Confluence
2 20 (5.13%) Apache Spark
3 15 (3.85%) Apache
4 12 (3.08%) IIS
5 11 (2.82%) SharePoint
6 10 (2.56%) Tomcat
7 9 (2.31%) Elasticsearch
8 8 (2.05%) WebLogic
9 7 (1.79%) SAS
10 5 (1.28%) ColdFusion
10 5 (1.28%) WebSphere
11 4 (1.03%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (1.03%) JBoss
11 4 (1.03%) nginx
11 4 (1.03%) WordPress
12 3 (0.77%) Ethereum
12 3 (0.77%) Hyperledger
12 3 (0.77%) Sonic ESB
13 2 (0.51%) Drupal
13 2 (0.51%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 10 (2.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.54%) Zeplin
3 3 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.51%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.26%) Camtasia
5 1 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 27 (6.92%) FINCAD Analytics
2 15 (3.85%) BusinessWorks
3 13 (3.33%) Oracle EBS
4 5 (1.28%) Adobe Campaign
5 4 (1.03%) Markit EDM
5 4 (1.03%) PolarLake
6 3 (0.77%) NetSuite
6 3 (0.77%) Oracle 11i
6 3 (0.77%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.51%) SAP Bank Analyzer
7 2 (0.51%) SAP BPC
7 2 (0.51%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 1 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.26%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 110 (28.21%) AWS
2 96 (24.62%) Azure
3 51 (13.08%) GCP
4 30 (7.69%) AWS Step Functions
5 18 (4.62%) Power Platform
6 15 (3.85%) PaaS
6 15 (3.85%) SaaS
7 13 (3.33%) Cloud Computing
8 11 (2.82%) IaaS
9 9 (2.31%) GitHub
10 6 (1.54%) Amazon Kinesis
10 6 (1.54%) Amazon S3
11 4 (1.03%) Amazon SQS
11 4 (1.03%) Boomi
11 4 (1.03%) IBM Cloud
11 4 (1.03%) Serverless
12 3 (0.77%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (0.77%) Azure Active Directory
12 3 (0.77%) Azure Machine Learning
13 2 (0.51%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 24 (6.15%) HTTP
2 7 (1.79%) SSH
3 5 (1.28%) SSL
3 5 (1.28%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.77%) DNS
4 3 (0.77%) iSCSI
5 2 (0.51%) FTP
5 2 (0.51%) Radio Access Network
6 1 (0.26%) Cisco Nexus
6 1 (0.26%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.26%) FCoE
6 1 (0.26%) Fibre Channel
6 1 (0.26%) Firewall
6 1 (0.26%) InfiniBand
6 1 (0.26%) Internet
6 1 (0.26%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.26%) LAN
6 1 (0.26%) Network Security
6 1 (0.26%) VoIP
6 1 (0.26%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 390 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 142 (36.41%) SQL Server
3 95 (24.36%) MySQL
4 81 (20.77%) PostgreSQL
5 65 (16.67%) NoSQL
6 55 (14.10%) Data Warehouse
7 54 (13.85%) MongoDB
8 49 (12.56%) Apache Cassandra
9 48 (12.31%) Oracle Database
10 45 (11.54%) DB2
11 44 (11.28%) Hadoop
12 42 (10.77%) Amazon Aurora
12 42 (10.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 42 (10.77%) Redis
13 32 (8.21%) HBase
14 31 (7.95%) Couchbase
15 29 (7.44%) Neo4j
16 27 (6.92%) Amazon Athena
16 27 (6.92%) MariaDB
17 25 (6.41%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 64 (16.41%) JIRA
2 62 (15.90%) Git (software)
3 38 (9.74%) Jenkins
4 28 (7.18%) Cucumber
4 28 (7.18%) JUnit
5 18 (4.62%) Mockito
6 10 (2.56%) Subversion
6 10 (2.56%) Visual Studio Team System
7 8 (2.05%) Gradle
7 8 (2.05%) Team Foundation Server
8 6 (1.54%) Cypress.io
9 5 (1.28%) Maven
9 5 (1.28%) SpecFlow
10 4 (1.03%) GitLab
10 4 (1.03%) Mocha
10 4 (1.03%) Selenium
10 4 (1.03%) TeamCity
10 4 (1.03%) webpack
11 3 (0.77%) Ant
11 3 (0.77%) Eclipse
General
1 118 (30.26%) Finance
2 53 (13.59%) Banking
3 31 (7.95%) Front Office
3 31 (7.95%) Public Sector
4 9 (2.31%) Marketing
5 8 (2.05%) Investment Banking
5 8 (2.05%) Retail
6 3 (0.77%) Local Government
6 3 (0.77%) Telecoms
7 2 (0.51%) Advertising
7 2 (0.51%) Law
7 2 (0.51%) Legal
7 2 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
7 2 (0.51%) Publishing
8 1 (0.26%) Games
8 1 (0.26%) Private Banking
8 1 (0.26%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 192 (49.23%) Developer
2 79 (20.26%) Java Developer
3 51 (13.08%) AWS Developer
4 47 (12.05%) Software Engineer
5 42 (10.77%) Java Engineer
6 41 (10.51%) Analyst
7 40 (10.26%) AWS Engineer
8 35 (8.97%) Architect
9 33 (8.46%) Java Software Engineer
10 30 (7.69%) AWS Software Engineer
10 30 (7.69%) Java Software Developer
11 29 (7.44%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 27 (6.92%) Data Analyst
13 26 (6.67%) Data Engineer
14 25 (6.41%) Senior Developer
15 24 (6.15%) DBA
16 20 (5.13%) SQL Developer
17 18 (4.62%) .NET Developer
18 17 (4.36%) Python Developer
19 14 (3.59%) NoSQL Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 115 (29.49%) Web Services
2 88 (22.56%) XML
3 53 (13.59%) HTML
4 51 (13.08%) Kafka
5 50 (12.82%) .NET
6 43 (11.03%) J2EE
7 42 (10.77%) Spring
8 41 (10.51%) REST
9 39 (10.00%) JDBC
10 36 (9.23%) CSS
10 36 (9.23%) RESTful
11 28 (7.18%) AngularJS
11 28 (7.18%) JMS
12 25 (6.41%) gRPC
12 25 (6.41%) React
12 25 (6.41%) SOAP
13 24 (6.15%) HTML5
13 24 (6.15%) jQuery
14 22 (5.64%) JSON
15 20 (5.13%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 35 (8.97%) Analytical Skills
2 30 (7.69%) Derivative
2 30 (7.69%) Fixed Income
3 28 (7.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 27 (6.92%) Equity Derivative
4 27 (6.92%) Hedge funds
5 24 (6.15%) Reference Data
6 22 (5.64%) Algorithms
7 21 (5.38%) Market Risk
8 13 (3.33%) Pricing Data
9 12 (3.08%) Enterprise Software
10 10 (2.56%) Clustering
11 9 (2.31%) Client/Server
12 8 (2.05%) Management Information System
13 7 (1.79%) Data Structures
13 7 (1.79%) Public Cloud
13 7 (1.79%) User Experience
14 6 (1.54%) Replication
15 5 (1.28%) Mainframe
15 5 (1.28%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 58 (14.87%) Linux
2 53 (13.59%) Unix
3 26 (6.67%) Windows
4 15 (3.85%) Solaris
5 10 (2.56%) Windows Server
6 7 (1.79%) AIX
7 4 (1.03%) Android
8 3 (0.77%) HPUX
8 3 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.26%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.26%) VME
9 1 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 150 (38.46%) Agile Software Development
2 95 (24.36%) Software Engineering
3 80 (20.51%) Microservices
4 77 (19.74%) ETL
5 64 (16.41%) Migration
6 62 (15.90%) Analytics
7 59 (15.13%) Data Modelling
8 58 (14.87%) Problem-Solving
9 55 (14.10%) DevOps
10 53 (13.59%) Asset Management
11 46 (11.79%) Business Intelligence
12 37 (9.49%) TDD
13 36 (9.23%) SDLC
14 35 (8.97%) Continuous Integration
15 31 (7.95%) Machine Learning
16 30 (7.69%) ITIL
16 30 (7.69%) Mentoring
17 28 (7.18%) Data Management
18 27 (6.92%) Data Analysis
18 27 (6.92%) Risk Analytics
Programming Languages
1 198 (50.77%) SQL
2 182 (46.67%) Java
3 99 (25.38%) Python
4 60 (15.38%) JavaScript
5 45 (11.54%) C#
6 37 (9.49%) Scala
7 30 (7.69%) Java 8
8 29 (7.44%) PL/SQL
9 27 (6.92%) Kotlin
10 20 (5.13%) PHP
10 20 (5.13%) T-SQL
11 17 (4.36%) XPath
12 15 (3.85%) Shell Script
13 13 (3.33%) PowerShell
13 13 (3.33%) R
14 11 (2.82%) TypeScript
15 9 (2.31%) C++
15 9 (2.31%) Ruby
16 8 (2.05%) Perl
16 8 (2.05%) VB
Qualifications
1 41 (10.51%) Security Cleared
2 36 (9.23%) SC Cleared
3 26 (6.67%) Degree
4 7 (1.79%) Microsoft Certification
5 5 (1.28%) SAS Certification
6 4 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.51%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (0.51%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.51%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.51%) OCP
7 2 (0.51%) Oracle Certification
8 1 (0.26%) BC Cleared
8 1 (0.26%) CISM
8 1 (0.26%) CISSP
8 1 (0.26%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.26%) ISSMP
8 1 (0.26%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (8.21%) Data Quality
2 22 (5.64%) QA
3 5 (1.28%) GDPR
4 3 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 2 (0.51%) COBIT
5 2 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.26%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.26%) MiFID
System Software
1 35 (8.97%) Docker
2 20 (5.13%) Apache Flume
3 10 (2.56%) Active Directory
4 5 (1.28%) Oracle RAC
4 5 (1.28%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.77%) Citrix Hypervisor
5 3 (0.77%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.77%) Oracle Clusterware
6 2 (0.51%) NFS
6 2 (0.51%) Samba
6 2 (0.51%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 1 (0.26%) HDFS
7 1 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.26%) vSphere
7 1 (0.26%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 27 (6.92%) Kubernetes
2 16 (4.10%) Terraform
3 13 (3.33%) Ansible
4 8 (2.05%) Data Guard
4 8 (2.05%) Istio
4 8 (2.05%) linkerd
5 6 (1.54%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
5 6 (1.54%) Single Sign-On
6 5 (1.28%) MIIS
6 5 (1.28%) Oracle RMAN
6 5 (1.28%) Puppet
7 4 (1.03%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (0.51%) Control-M
8 2 (0.51%) Grafana
8 2 (0.51%) PowerBroker
8 2 (0.51%) Prometheus
8 2 (0.51%) Tivoli
8 2 (0.51%) Tivoli Storage Manager
8 2 (0.51%) Uchiwa
9 1 (0.26%) SCCM
Vendors
1 194 (49.74%) Oracle
2 49 (12.56%) Sybase
3 41 (10.51%) Microsoft
4 37 (9.49%) Google
5 19 (4.87%) SAP
6 17 (4.36%) IBM
7 16 (4.10%) Informatica
8 15 (3.85%) TIBCO
9 13 (3.33%) Atlassian
10 11 (2.82%) Teradata
11 9 (2.31%) Cloudera
11 9 (2.31%) Databricks
11 9 (2.31%) Hortonworks
12 8 (2.05%) MapR
12 8 (2.05%) Tableau
12 8 (2.05%) Zend
13 6 (1.54%) Adobe
13 6 (1.54%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 6 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
13 6 (1.54%) Talend