Period
to 22 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 22 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 293 271 339
Rank change year-on-year -22 +68 -24
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 885 957 782
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.87% 0.97% 0.73%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.82% 4.33% 3.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 618 600 521
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +4.65% +2.38%
10th Percentile £354 £325 £310
90th Percentile £638 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £431 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +7.69% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 8 10
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £24.24 £40.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +85.62% -40.51% +1.88%
10th Percentile £24.40 £20.26 £31.20
90th Percentile £71.00 £37.63 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £24.00 £40.75
% change year-on-year +87.50% -41.10% +1.88%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 23,189 22,125 23,924
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.75% 22.42% 22.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,250 14,773 16,025
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £281
90th Percentile £638 £625 £598
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 238 278 389
UK median hourly rate £28.75 £29.56 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.74% -1.47% +4.57%
10th Percentile £13.25 £12.26 £11.25
90th Percentile £56.01 £53.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £28.00 £30.00 £29.01
% change year-on-year -6.67% +3.40% -1.65%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -27 733 £539 +10.51% 187
London -15 451 £550 +4.76% 82
UK excluding London -50 429 £431 +7.69% 130
South East +2 103 £450 +5.88% 26
Scotland -20 84 £413 +3.13% 14
North of England -36 69 £400 -3.03% 31
Midlands -34 43 £410 +2.50% 18
South West +11 42 £413 +21.32% 16
Wales -29 39 £475 +28.38% 8
Yorkshire -10 35 £425 +6.25% 17
East of England -25 30 £450 +28.57% 14
North West -37 29 £400 -11.11% 14
Northern Ireland +10 25 £432 +0.35% 3
West Midlands -30 22 £450 +5.88% 11
East Midlands -9 19 £360 -2.70% 7
North East -16 5 £280 -15.15%

For the 6 months to 22 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 885 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 452 (51.07%) Agile Software Development
3 399 (45.08%) Java
4 392 (44.29%) SQL
5 387 (43.73%) Oracle
6 282 (31.86%) SQL Server
7 213 (24.07%) Git (software)
8 211 (23.84%) Python
9 207 (23.39%) NoSQL
10 195 (22.03%) JavaScript
11 185 (20.90%) Unix
12 182 (20.56%) Spring
13 177 (20.00%) Finance
14 176 (19.89%) Microservices
15 175 (19.77%) Test Automation
15 175 (19.77%) MySQL
16 163 (18.42%) Linux
17 157 (17.74%) DevOps
18 154 (17.40%) OO
19 148 (16.72%) XML
20 146 (16.50%) Continuous Integration
21 143 (16.16%) REST
21 143 (16.16%) HTML
21 143 (16.16%) Java 8
22 130 (14.69%) CSS
23 127 (14.35%) C#
24 126 (14.24%) AngularJS
25 122 (13.79%) .NET
25 122 (13.79%) Hibernate
26 117 (13.22%) Amazon AWS

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (9.83%) Apache Spark
2 69 (7.80%) Confluence
3 51 (5.76%) WildFly
4 49 (5.54%) WebSphere
5 23 (2.60%) Elasticsearch
6 20 (2.26%) Apache
6 20 (2.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 20 (2.26%) WebLogic
7 18 (2.03%) IIS
7 18 (2.03%) SharePoint
8 17 (1.92%) Mule
9 14 (1.58%) JBoss
10 13 (1.47%) Apache Solr
11 12 (1.36%) SAS
11 12 (1.36%) SharePoint 2013
12 11 (1.24%) OpenStack
13 9 (1.02%) Mule ESB
13 9 (1.02%) Oracle Service Bus
13 9 (1.02%) Tomcat
14 8 (0.90%) CMS
Applications
1 15 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (1.36%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.79%) Photoshop
4 5 (0.56%) HipChat
5 4 (0.45%) SPSS
6 3 (0.34%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.23%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.11%) InVision
Business Applications
1 10 (1.13%) ION MarketView
2 5 (0.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.56%) Oracle Assets
2 5 (0.56%) Oracle Cash Management
2 5 (0.56%) Oracle EBS
2 5 (0.56%) Oracle EBS R12
2 5 (0.56%) Oracle iProcurement
2 5 (0.56%) Oracle Payables
2 5 (0.56%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
2 5 (0.56%) Oracle Receivables
2 5 (0.56%) Oracle TCA
3 4 (0.45%) Adobe Campaign
4 3 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.11%) BASE24
6 1 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.11%) Endur
6 1 (0.11%) Findur
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 117 (13.22%) Amazon AWS
2 100 (11.30%) Microsoft Azure
3 19 (2.15%) Google Cloud Platform
3 19 (2.15%) PaaS
4 16 (1.81%) Amazon EC2
4 16 (1.81%) Amazon EMR
4 16 (1.81%) SaaS
5 15 (1.69%) Amazon S3
6 14 (1.58%) Azure Data Factory
6 14 (1.58%) GitHub
7 13 (1.47%) IaaS
7 13 (1.47%) Serverless
8 12 (1.36%) Office 365
9 9 (1.02%) AWS CloudFormation
9 9 (1.02%) Azure Functions
10 7 (0.79%) Amazon ELB
11 6 (0.68%) Amazon SQS
11 6 (0.68%) AWS Lambda
11 6 (0.68%) npm
12 5 (0.56%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 41 (4.63%) HTTP
2 26 (2.94%) TCP/IP
3 23 (2.60%) SSL
4 19 (2.15%) FTP
5 18 (2.03%) DNS
6 17 (1.92%) DHCP
6 17 (1.92%) IPsec
7 7 (0.79%) VPN
8 6 (0.68%) AMQP
9 5 (0.56%) Kerberos
10 3 (0.34%) Internet
10 3 (0.34%) SAN
10 3 (0.34%) SMS
11 2 (0.23%) Converged Networks
11 2 (0.23%) Firewall
11 2 (0.23%) FIX Connectivity
11 2 (0.23%) WAN
12 1 (0.11%) MPLS
12 1 (0.11%) OSPF
12 1 (0.11%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 885 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 282 (31.86%) SQL Server
3 207 (23.39%) NoSQL
4 175 (19.77%) MySQL
5 105 (11.86%) Oracle Database
6 99 (11.19%) PostgreSQL
7 96 (10.85%) Data Warehouse
8 94 (10.62%) Big Data
9 91 (10.28%) Hadoop
10 79 (8.93%) MongoDB
11 65 (7.34%) DB2
12 44 (4.97%) Apache Hive
13 41 (4.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 34 (3.84%) Apache Cassandra
15 27 (3.05%) HBase
15 27 (3.05%) SQL Server 2008
16 25 (2.82%) Oracle Database 11g
17 23 (2.60%) Power BI
18 21 (2.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 20 (2.26%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 213 (24.07%) Git (software)
2 100 (11.30%) Maven
3 97 (10.96%) Jenkins
4 92 (10.40%) JIRA
5 86 (9.72%) JUnit
6 64 (7.23%) Mockito
7 61 (6.89%) SonarQube
8 57 (6.44%) Checkstyle
9 52 (5.88%) Liquibase
10 50 (5.65%) Subversion
11 49 (5.54%) Vagrant
12 42 (4.75%) Visual Studio Team System
13 37 (4.18%) NUnit
13 37 (4.18%) Team Foundation Server
14 27 (3.05%) Cucumber
14 27 (3.05%) Eclipse
15 25 (2.82%) Selenium
15 25 (2.82%) Visual Studio
16 22 (2.49%) MSTest
17 21 (2.37%) TeamCity
General
1 177 (20.00%) Finance
2 86 (9.72%) Banking
3 64 (7.23%) Front Office
4 53 (5.99%) Retail
5 42 (4.75%) Investment Banking
6 20 (2.26%) Marketing
7 13 (1.47%) Back Office
8 12 (1.36%) Telecoms
9 8 (0.90%) Advertising
10 7 (0.79%) Financial Institution
10 7 (0.79%) General Ledger
11 6 (0.68%) Law
11 6 (0.68%) Legal
11 6 (0.68%) Manufacturing
12 5 (0.56%) Electronics
13 4 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.34%) Games
15 2 (0.23%) Automotive
15 2 (0.23%) International Banking
16 1 (0.11%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 522 (58.98%) Developer
2 228 (25.76%) Java Developer
3 82 (9.27%) Senior Developer
4 71 (8.02%) Architect
5 52 (5.88%) DevOps Engineer
5 52 (5.88%) Senior Java Developer
6 51 (5.76%) Front Office Developer
7 50 (5.65%) Full Stack Developer
8 48 (5.42%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 45 (5.08%) .NET Developer
10 43 (4.86%) Data Engineer
11 37 (4.18%) DBA
12 36 (4.07%) Analyst
13 34 (3.84%) Consultant
13 34 (3.84%) Software Engineer
14 32 (3.62%) SQL Developer
15 29 (3.28%) C++ Developer
15 29 (3.28%) Front Office C++ Developer
15 29 (3.28%) Visual C++ Developer
16 28 (3.16%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 182 (20.56%) Spring
2 148 (16.72%) XML
3 143 (16.16%) HTML
3 143 (16.16%) REST
4 130 (14.69%) CSS
5 126 (14.24%) AngularJS
6 122 (13.79%) .NET
6 122 (13.79%) Hibernate
7 113 (12.77%) JMS
8 108 (12.20%) RESTful
9 96 (10.85%) Web Services
10 87 (9.83%) Kafka
11 86 (9.72%) HTML5
12 79 (8.93%) Node.js
13 76 (8.59%) React
14 72 (8.14%) Java EE
15 69 (7.80%) Spring Boot
16 66 (7.46%) JSON
17 58 (6.55%) ASP.NET
17 58 (6.55%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 69 (7.80%) Analytical Skills
2 64 (7.23%) Derivative
3 56 (6.33%) Linux Command Line
4 46 (5.20%) Equity Derivative
5 39 (4.41%) Algorithms
6 33 (3.73%) Fixed Income
7 30 (3.39%) Enterprise Software
8 29 (3.28%) Interest Rate Derivative
9 25 (2.82%) Computer Science
10 24 (2.71%) Greenfield Project
10 24 (2.71%) Self-Motivation
11 21 (2.37%) Fintech
12 19 (2.15%) HoloLens
13 16 (1.81%) Equities
14 15 (1.69%) Data Structures
14 15 (1.69%) Management Information System
14 15 (1.69%) NHS
15 12 (1.36%) Data Centre
16 11 (1.24%) Mobile App
17 10 (1.13%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 185 (20.90%) Unix
2 163 (18.42%) Linux
3 82 (9.27%) Windows
4 49 (5.54%) VMS
5 20 (2.26%) Windows Server
6 14 (1.58%) Android
6 14 (1.58%) Apple iOS
7 11 (1.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (1.13%) AIX
9 9 (1.02%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (0.90%) Solaris
11 7 (0.79%) Windows Server 2008
12 6 (0.68%) CentOS
13 5 (0.56%) Windows 7
14 4 (0.45%) HPUX
14 4 (0.45%) Ubuntu
15 3 (0.34%) Amazon Linux
15 3 (0.34%) Windows Server 2003
16 1 (0.11%) Fedora
16 1 (0.11%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 452 (51.07%) Agile Software Development
2 176 (19.89%) Microservices
3 175 (19.77%) Test Automation
4 157 (17.74%) DevOps
5 154 (17.40%) OO
6 146 (16.50%) Continuous Integration
7 112 (12.66%) Scrum
7 112 (12.66%) TDD
8 102 (11.53%) SDLC
9 96 (10.85%) Open Source
10 82 (9.27%) Analytics
11 76 (8.59%) Business Intelligence
12 75 (8.47%) Data Modelling
13 74 (8.36%) Problem-Solving
14 72 (8.14%) MVC
15 71 (8.02%) ETL
16 66 (7.46%) Domain-Driven Design
17 61 (6.89%) OOA/OOD
17 61 (6.89%) OOP
18 58 (6.55%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 399 (45.08%) Java
2 392 (44.29%) SQL
3 211 (23.84%) Python
4 195 (22.03%) JavaScript
5 143 (16.16%) Java 8
6 127 (14.35%) C#
7 68 (7.68%) PL/SQL
8 64 (7.23%) C++
9 62 (7.01%) Scala
10 53 (5.99%) JPQL
11 52 (5.88%) Shell Script
12 44 (4.97%) Perl
12 44 (4.97%) PowerShell
13 39 (4.41%) Bash Shell
14 35 (3.95%) T-SQL
15 29 (3.28%) VC++
16 28 (3.16%) Ruby
17 21 (2.37%) PHP
18 20 (2.26%) C
19 18 (2.03%) R
Qualifications
1 109 (12.32%) Security Cleared
2 90 (10.17%) SC Cleared
3 49 (5.54%) Degree
4 20 (2.26%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (1.24%) Master's Degree
6 8 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.45%) ISEB
7 4 (0.45%) MCSE
7 4 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.23%) CCSA
8 2 (0.23%) Siebel Certification
9 1 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.11%) CISSP
9 1 (0.11%) MBA
9 1 (0.11%) MCSA
9 1 (0.11%) OCP
9 1 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
9 1 (0.11%) RHCE
9 1 (0.11%) RHCSA
9 1 (0.11%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (5.08%) Data Quality
2 15 (1.69%) GDPR
3 13 (1.47%) QA
4 4 (0.45%) Basel III
4 4 (0.45%) PMO
5 3 (0.34%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.34%) WCAG
6 2 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.23%) HL7
7 1 (0.11%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 87 (9.83%) Docker
2 19 (2.15%) Virtual Machines
3 17 (1.92%) Active Directory
4 11 (1.24%) HDFS
5 9 (1.02%) Oracle RAC
5 9 (1.02%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (0.90%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.23%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 2 (0.23%) VMware Server
8 1 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.11%) KVM
8 1 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.11%) vSphere
8 1 (0.11%) Xen
Systems Management
1 65 (7.34%) Puppet
2 55 (6.21%) Opscode Chef
3 42 (4.75%) Mesos
4 40 (4.52%) Ansible
5 36 (4.07%) Marathon
6 32 (3.62%) Kubernetes
7 31 (3.50%) Terraform
8 9 (1.02%) Control-M
8 9 (1.02%) Kibana
9 8 (0.90%) Data Guard
9 8 (0.90%) Oozie
10 7 (0.79%) Single Sign-On
11 6 (0.68%) logstash
11 6 (0.68%) Rancher
12 5 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
13 4 (0.45%) Packer
13 4 (0.45%) yum
14 3 (0.34%) Oracle RMAN
15 2 (0.23%) Grafana
15 2 (0.23%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 387 (43.73%) Oracle
2 88 (9.94%) Microsoft
3 41 (4.63%) Teradata
4 31 (3.50%) IBM
5 29 (3.28%) Informatica
6 26 (2.94%) Sybase
7 25 (2.82%) Google
8 19 (2.15%) TIBCO
9 17 (1.92%) SAP
10 15 (1.69%) Netezza
10 15 (1.69%) Talend
11 13 (1.47%) Xamarin
12 12 (1.36%) MuleSoft
12 12 (1.36%) VMware
13 11 (1.24%) Atlassian
13 11 (1.24%) Databricks
13 11 (1.24%) Tableau
14 10 (1.13%) Adobe
14 10 (1.13%) ION Trading
15 9 (1.02%) MapR