Period
to 20 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 262 339 375
Rank change year-on-year +77 +36 -92
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 985 661 655
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.97% 0.69% 0.61%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 4.44% 3.10% 2.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 707 419 423
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -1.16%
10th Percentile £325 £311 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £604
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +12.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 3 5
UK median hourly rate £33.25 £44.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.43% +10.00% -50.00%
10th Percentile £23.00 £41.80 £38.95
90th Percentile £44.63 £46.60 £44.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.25 £44.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -24.43% +10.00% -50.00%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 22,166 21,343 24,516
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.83% 22.40% 22.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,430 14,273 16,408
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £289 £275
90th Percentile £625 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £401 £393 £375
% change year-on-year +2.04% +4.67% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 257 299 404
UK median hourly rate £34.50 £26.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +30.19% -3.64% -
10th Percentile £15.11 £9.37 £12.00
90th Percentile £56.80 £48.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.25 £24.00 £26.50
% change year-on-year +59.38% -9.43% +0.95%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 20 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +73 827 £525 +10.53% 245
London +77 535 £550 +4.76% 102
UK excluding London +61 435 £420 +12.00% 165
South East +1 105 £438 +18.08% 50
Scotland -1 78 £414 +27.31% 19
North of England +50 64 £363 +2.40% 29
Midlands +15 58 £360 -12.20% 30
North West +33 48 £355 +1.43% 15
Wales +24 43 £395 +105.19% 3
East of England +2 36 £413 +15.38% 14
South West +28 35 £425 +16.84% 20
East Midlands +10 32 £315 -23.17% 14
Northern Ireland -3 27 £420 +1.82%
West Midlands +14 26 £425 +11.48% 15
Yorkshire +1 15 £375 +5.93% 12
North East +41 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 20 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 985 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 544 (55.23%) Java
3 488 (49.54%) Agile Software Development
4 450 (45.69%) SQL
5 392 (39.80%) Oracle
6 267 (27.11%) SQL Server
6 267 (27.11%) Linux
7 245 (24.87%) Unix
8 226 (22.94%) OO
9 222 (22.54%) Test Automation
10 218 (22.13%) Git (software)
11 208 (21.12%) Spring
12 207 (21.02%) Finance
13 206 (20.91%) JavaScript
14 191 (19.39%) JUnit
15 188 (19.09%) Python
16 186 (18.88%) REST
17 182 (18.48%) Hibernate
18 174 (17.66%) TDD
19 165 (16.75%) Continuous Integration
20 163 (16.55%) Maven
21 158 (16.04%) Banking
22 156 (15.84%) RESTful
23 153 (15.53%) DevOps
23 153 (15.53%) SDLC
24 150 (15.23%) NoSQL
25 149 (15.13%) Microservices
26 148 (15.03%) Scrum
27 146 (14.82%) JMS
28 143 (14.52%) XML

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (9.95%) Confluence
2 68 (6.90%) WildFly
3 52 (5.28%) Tomcat
4 51 (5.18%) Apache Spark
5 49 (4.97%) JBoss
6 40 (4.06%) Apache
7 34 (3.45%) WebLogic
8 30 (3.05%) WebSphere
9 29 (2.94%) Elasticsearch
10 24 (2.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 20 (2.03%) SharePoint
12 16 (1.62%) nginx
13 15 (1.52%) SAS
14 10 (1.02%) BizTalk Server
14 10 (1.02%) IIS
15 9 (0.91%) Cloud Foundry
16 8 (0.81%) Apache Pig
16 8 (0.81%) CMS
16 8 (0.81%) Mule
17 6 (0.61%) OpenStack
Applications
1 18 (1.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.12%) HipChat
3 10 (1.02%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.30%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.10%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 7 (0.71%) Temenos T24
2 6 (0.61%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 6 (0.61%) Teamcenter
3 4 (0.41%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.41%) Eagle PACE
3 4 (0.41%) Markit EDM
4 3 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.30%) Magento
4 3 (0.30%) MetaTrader
4 3 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle iProcurement
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle SCM
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle Utilities
6 1 (0.10%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 113 (11.47%) Amazon AWS
2 56 (5.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 23 (2.34%) GitHub
4 18 (1.83%) AWS CloudFormation
5 17 (1.73%) Google Cloud Platform
5 17 (1.73%) PaaS
5 17 (1.73%) SaaS
6 13 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
7 10 (1.02%) Office 365
8 8 (0.81%) Amazon S3
9 6 (0.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 6 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
9 6 (0.61%) Amazon ELB
9 6 (0.61%) AWS Lambda
9 6 (0.61%) Serverless
10 5 (0.51%) OpenShift
11 4 (0.41%) IaaS
11 4 (0.41%) Sauce Labs
12 3 (0.30%) Amazon EMR
12 3 (0.30%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 40 (4.06%) TCP/IP
2 35 (3.55%) HTTP
3 27 (2.74%) Internet
4 26 (2.64%) DNS
5 20 (2.03%) DHCP
6 16 (1.62%) SSL
7 15 (1.52%) FTP
8 13 (1.32%) IPsec
9 11 (1.12%) MQTT
10 3 (0.30%) Firewall
10 3 (0.30%) IMAP
10 3 (0.30%) POP3
10 3 (0.30%) RTP
10 3 (0.30%) SMS
11 2 (0.20%) LAN
11 2 (0.20%) SAN
11 2 (0.20%) snoop
11 2 (0.20%) WAN
11 2 (0.20%) Wireshark
12 1 (0.10%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 985 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 267 (27.11%) SQL Server
3 150 (15.23%) NoSQL
4 131 (13.30%) Oracle Database
5 130 (13.20%) MySQL
6 119 (12.08%) PostgreSQL
7 96 (9.75%) Data Warehouse
8 86 (8.73%) DB2
9 85 (8.63%) Big Data
10 71 (7.21%) Hadoop
11 56 (5.69%) MongoDB
12 38 (3.86%) Apache Hive
13 30 (3.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 28 (2.84%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 25 (2.54%) Oracle Database 11g
16 20 (2.03%) DB2 UDB
16 20 (2.03%) SQL Server 2012
17 17 (1.73%) HBase
17 17 (1.73%) MariaDB
18 14 (1.42%) SQLPlus
Development Applications
1 218 (22.13%) Git (software)
2 191 (19.39%) JUnit
3 163 (16.55%) Maven
4 142 (14.42%) JIRA
5 118 (11.98%) Jenkins
6 102 (10.36%) SonarQube
7 87 (8.83%) Mockito
8 79 (8.02%) Checkstyle
9 71 (7.21%) Liquibase
10 69 (7.01%) Vagrant
11 46 (4.67%) NUnit
12 45 (4.57%) Team Foundation Server
13 44 (4.47%) Visual Studio
14 43 (4.37%) Gradle
15 42 (4.26%) Eclipse
16 38 (3.86%) TeamCity
17 36 (3.65%) Subversion
18 30 (3.05%) Selenium
19 27 (2.74%) Sonatype Nexus
20 23 (2.34%) MSTest
General
1 207 (21.02%) Finance
2 158 (16.04%) Banking
3 67 (6.80%) Front Office
4 49 (4.97%) Investment Banking
5 24 (2.44%) Retail
5 24 (2.44%) Telecoms
6 21 (2.13%) Manufacturing
7 17 (1.73%) Marketing
8 16 (1.62%) Games
9 14 (1.42%) Publishing
10 12 (1.22%) Automotive
11 10 (1.02%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.71%) Law
13 7 (0.71%) Legal
14 6 (0.61%) Electronics
15 4 (0.41%) Back Office
15 4 (0.41%) Financial Institution
15 4 (0.41%) Local Government
16 3 (0.30%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 601 (61.02%) Developer
2 320 (32.49%) Java Developer
3 127 (12.89%) Senior Developer
4 95 (9.64%) Architect
5 56 (5.69%) .NET Developer
6 55 (5.58%) Senior Java Developer
7 54 (5.48%) SQL Developer
8 47 (4.77%) DevOps Engineer
9 43 (4.37%) DBA
9 43 (4.37%) Full Stack Developer
10 40 (4.06%) SC Cleared Java Developer
11 36 (3.65%) C# Developer
11 36 (3.65%) Front Office Developer
11 36 (3.65%) Python Developer
12 35 (3.55%) Data Architect
13 31 (3.15%) Analyst
14 28 (2.84%) Senior Python Developer
15 27 (2.74%) Solutions Architect
16 25 (2.54%) Oracle Developer
17 23 (2.34%) Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 208 (21.12%) Spring
2 186 (18.88%) REST
3 182 (18.48%) Hibernate
4 156 (15.84%) RESTful
5 146 (14.82%) JMS
6 143 (14.52%) XML
7 138 (14.01%) Web Services
8 119 (12.08%) .NET
9 111 (11.27%) JSON
10 101 (10.25%) Java EE
11 100 (10.15%) HTML
12 82 (8.32%) CSS
13 74 (7.51%) JAX-RS
14 72 (7.31%) AngularJS
14 72 (7.31%) Lambda Expressions
15 71 (7.21%) .NET Framework
16 70 (7.11%) Drools
16 70 (7.11%) WireMock
17 64 (6.50%) SOAP
18 61 (6.19%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 118 (11.98%) Analytical Skills
2 72 (7.31%) Linux Command Line
3 62 (6.29%) Derivative
4 50 (5.08%) Greenfield Project
5 48 (4.87%) Equities
6 35 (3.55%) Clustering
6 35 (3.55%) Computer Science
7 28 (2.84%) Fixed Income
8 26 (2.64%) Replication
9 25 (2.54%) Management Information System
10 20 (2.03%) Data Centre
11 19 (1.93%) Enterprise Software
12 17 (1.73%) Equity Derivative
13 15 (1.52%) Mobile App
14 12 (1.22%) Market Risk
15 11 (1.12%) Data Structures
15 11 (1.12%) Fintech
15 11 (1.12%) SWIFT
15 11 (1.12%) User Experience
15 11 (1.12%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 267 (27.11%) Linux
2 245 (24.87%) Unix
3 65 (6.60%) VMS
4 59 (5.99%) Windows
5 45 (4.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 24 (2.44%) Windows Server
7 21 (2.13%) AIX
8 19 (1.93%) Solaris
9 15 (1.52%) CentOS
10 10 (1.02%) Android
11 9 (0.91%) Apple iOS
12 8 (0.81%) CoreOS
13 6 (0.61%) Windows Server 2012
14 4 (0.41%) HPUX
15 3 (0.30%) Ubuntu
16 2 (0.20%) Mac OS X
16 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 488 (49.54%) Agile Software Development
2 226 (22.94%) OO
3 222 (22.54%) Test Automation
4 174 (17.66%) TDD
5 165 (16.75%) Continuous Integration
6 153 (15.53%) DevOps
6 153 (15.53%) SDLC
7 149 (15.13%) Microservices
8 148 (15.03%) Scrum
9 127 (12.89%) Data Modelling
10 107 (10.86%) MVC
11 103 (10.46%) ETL
11 103 (10.46%) Unit Testing
12 90 (9.14%) Domain-Driven Design
13 89 (9.04%) Analytics
13 89 (9.04%) Business Intelligence
14 86 (8.73%) BDD
15 82 (8.32%) OOA/OOD
15 82 (8.32%) Open Source
16 81 (8.22%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 544 (55.23%) Java
2 450 (45.69%) SQL
3 206 (20.91%) JavaScript
4 188 (19.09%) Python
5 109 (11.07%) C#
6 87 (8.83%) Shell Script
7 79 (8.02%) Perl
8 76 (7.72%) Bash Shell
9 72 (7.31%) JPQL
10 62 (6.29%) PL/SQL
11 56 (5.69%) Scala
12 37 (3.76%) Ruby
13 33 (3.35%) T-SQL
13 33 (3.35%) VBA
14 27 (2.74%) C++
15 24 (2.44%) C
16 23 (2.34%) PowerShell
16 23 (2.34%) VB.NET
17 22 (2.23%) Groovy
18 20 (2.03%) XPath
Qualifications
1 130 (13.20%) Security Cleared
2 84 (8.53%) SC Cleared
3 83 (8.43%) Degree
4 20 (2.03%) BPSS Clearance
5 16 (1.62%) Master's Degree
5 16 (1.62%) Numerate Degree
6 12 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (1.12%) CTC Cleared
8 7 (0.71%) RHCE
9 4 (0.41%) CISSP
9 4 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.30%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 3 (0.30%) RHCSA
11 2 (0.20%) MCSA
11 2 (0.20%) MCSE
12 1 (0.10%) CESG Certified Professional
12 1 (0.10%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.10%) MCITP
12 1 (0.10%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (2.34%) Data Quality
2 17 (1.73%) QA
3 14 (1.42%) GCP
4 9 (0.91%) Disclosure Scotland
5 8 (0.81%) SLA
6 3 (0.30%) GDPR
6 3 (0.30%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.20%) MiFID
7 2 (0.20%) PMO
8 1 (0.10%) HL7
8 1 (0.10%) PSD2
System Software
1 105 (10.66%) Docker
2 28 (2.84%) Apache Flume
3 27 (2.74%) HDFS
4 13 (1.32%) Active Directory
4 13 (1.32%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (0.81%) etcd
6 7 (0.71%) Oracle RAC
7 6 (0.61%) VMware Infrastructure
8 2 (0.20%) Oracle Clusterware
8 2 (0.20%) VMware Server
9 1 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.10%) Firmware
9 1 (0.10%) LXC
9 1 (0.10%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 57 (5.79%) Kubernetes
2 50 (5.08%) Puppet
3 48 (4.87%) Opscode Chef
4 46 (4.67%) Ansible
5 21 (2.13%) Kibana
6 19 (1.93%) Data Guard
6 19 (1.93%) Oozie
7 18 (1.83%) Terraform
8 15 (1.52%) Ambari
8 15 (1.52%) Consul
8 15 (1.52%) Mesos
9 14 (1.42%) BladeLogic
9 14 (1.42%) logstash
9 14 (1.42%) ZABBIX
10 12 (1.22%) Galera Cluster
11 11 (1.12%) ITRS Geneos
11 11 (1.12%) Rancher
12 9 (0.91%) Docker Swarm
12 9 (0.91%) Hadoop YARN
13 8 (0.81%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 392 (39.80%) Oracle
2 116 (11.78%) Microsoft
3 55 (5.58%) Sybase
4 33 (3.35%) Red Hat
5 32 (3.25%) IBM
5 32 (3.25%) Splunk
6 25 (2.54%) Atlassian
7 23 (2.34%) Tableau
8 21 (2.13%) Teradata
9 19 (1.93%) Perforce
9 19 (1.93%) TIBCO
10 15 (1.52%) SAP
11 14 (1.42%) Google
12 13 (1.32%) AppDynamics
13 11 (1.12%) Fidessa
14 10 (1.02%) Cloudera
14 10 (1.02%) Hortonworks
14 10 (1.02%) Informatica
14 10 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
14 10 (1.02%) Talend