Period
to 15 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 15 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
15 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 356 323 303
Rank change year-on-year -33 -20 +9
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 223 749 898
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.56% 0.81% 0.87%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.59% 3.63% 3.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 137 484 638
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £356 £363 £360
90th Percentile £709 £625 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £431 £475 £433
% change year-on-year -9.26% +9.83% +8.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 14 4
Median hourly rate £27.43 £43.25 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -36.59% -3.89% +88.98%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.43 £43.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year -36.59% -3.89% +94.47%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 8,614 20,617 23,497
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.69% 22.16% 22.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,635 14,114 16,384
Median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £680 £650 £631
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £430 £413
% change year-on-year +4.65% +4.24% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 171 265 234
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £33.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +4.48% +8.06%
10th Percentile £15.94 £14.66 £13.88
90th Percentile £54.00 £60.00 £55.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £34.50
% change year-on-year - +1.45% +6.15%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 15 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 15 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -18 187 £525 +5.00% 34
London +16 123 £525 -4.55% 14
UK excluding London -22 97 £431 -9.26% 27
North of England +67 30 £450 -10.00% 6
North West +77 26 £450 +3.45% 3
Scotland -39 15 £455 +1.11%
East of England +59 13 £550 +25.00% 1
South East +56 11 £405 -16.15% 7
Wales +40 10 £470 +13.94% 4
Northern Ireland +18 9 £431 -15.90% 3
Midlands +67 8 £425 -10.53% 3
East Midlands +59 6 £413 -8.33% 2
Work from Home -21 5 £513 +1.23% 3
West Midlands +56 2 £688 +44.74% 1
Yorkshire +38 2 - - 1
North East +32 2 £440 -8.57% 2
South West +56 1 £363 -19.44% 3

For the 6 months to 15 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 223 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 131 (58.74%) SQL
3 125 (56.05%) Java
4 120 (53.81%) Oracle
5 97 (43.50%) Python
6 87 (39.01%) AWS
7 80 (35.87%) Finance
8 75 (33.63%) SQL Server
9 70 (31.39%) Agile Software Development
10 56 (25.11%) Software Engineering
11 53 (23.77%) Git (software)
12 51 (22.87%) NoSQL
13 50 (22.42%) Continuous Integration
14 49 (21.97%) Unix
15 47 (21.08%) Microservices
16 46 (20.63%) Web Services
16 46 (20.63%) Jenkins
17 45 (20.18%) Linux
18 43 (19.28%) Test Automation
19 41 (18.39%) QA
19 41 (18.39%) ETL
19 41 (18.39%) Banking
20 40 (17.94%) JIRA
20 40 (17.94%) Docker
21 38 (17.04%) Analytical Skills
22 37 (16.59%) MySQL
22 37 (16.59%) Oracle Database
23 36 (16.14%) Data Warehouse
24 35 (15.70%) Asset Management
24 35 (15.70%) Analytics

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (8.07%) Confluence
2 11 (4.93%) Apache Spark
3 9 (4.04%) SharePoint
4 8 (3.59%) WebLogic
5 5 (2.24%) Elasticsearch
5 5 (2.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 5 (2.24%) SAS
6 4 (1.79%) IIS
6 4 (1.79%) Tomcat
7 2 (0.90%) ArcGIS
7 2 (0.90%) SharePoint 2013
8 1 (0.45%) IBM HTTP Server
8 1 (0.45%) MTS
8 1 (0.45%) Tuxedo
8 1 (0.45%) WebSphere
Applications
1 11 (4.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (2.69%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.90%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.45%) Camtasia
4 1 (0.45%) MadCap Flare
4 1 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 12 (5.38%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (3.14%) FINCAD Analytics
3 2 (0.90%) Magento
3 2 (0.90%) Oracle 11i
4 1 (0.45%) Endur
4 1 (0.45%) Maximo
4 1 (0.45%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.45%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.45%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 87 (39.01%) AWS
2 33 (14.80%) Azure
3 21 (9.42%) Coveralls
4 18 (8.07%) Serverless
5 16 (7.17%) AWS CloudFormation
6 14 (6.28%) GCP
7 13 (5.83%) AWS Lambda
8 12 (5.38%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 12 (5.38%) AWS CloudTrail
9 10 (4.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 8 (3.59%) PaaS
11 7 (3.14%) AWS Step Functions
12 6 (2.69%) Amazon Cognito
12 6 (2.69%) Cloud Computing
12 6 (2.69%) Power Platform
13 4 (1.79%) IaaS
14 3 (1.35%) Amazon EMR
14 3 (1.35%) Amazon Kinesis
14 3 (1.35%) Amazon S3
14 3 (1.35%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 25 (11.21%) HTTP
2 20 (8.97%) DNS
3 3 (1.35%) SSL
4 2 (0.90%) Internet
5 1 (0.45%) Firewall
5 1 (0.45%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.45%) Kerberos
5 1 (0.45%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.45%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 223 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 75 (33.63%) SQL Server
3 51 (22.87%) NoSQL
4 37 (16.59%) MySQL
4 37 (16.59%) Oracle Database
5 36 (16.14%) Data Warehouse
6 31 (13.90%) Amazon Aurora
6 31 (13.90%) PostgreSQL
7 28 (12.56%) MongoDB
8 23 (10.31%) Amazon RDS
8 23 (10.31%) Big Data
9 18 (8.07%) Apache Cassandra
10 16 (7.17%) Hadoop
11 14 (6.28%) DB2
11 14 (6.28%) Oracle Database 11g
12 12 (5.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 12 (5.38%) Oracle Database 12c
13 10 (4.48%) HBase
14 8 (3.59%) Couchbase
14 8 (3.59%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 53 (23.77%) Git (software)
2 46 (20.63%) Jenkins
3 40 (17.94%) JIRA
4 31 (13.90%) Maven
5 26 (11.66%) JUnit
6 23 (10.31%) Gradle
7 21 (9.42%) SonarQube
7 21 (9.42%) TeamCity
8 19 (8.52%) Ant
8 19 (8.52%) Bitbucket Server
9 11 (4.93%) Eclipse
10 10 (4.48%) Subversion
11 9 (4.04%) Team Foundation Server
11 9 (4.04%) Toad
12 8 (3.59%) Visual Studio Team System
13 5 (2.24%) Cucumber
13 5 (2.24%) Visual Studio
14 4 (1.79%) Selenium
15 3 (1.35%) Jasmine
15 3 (1.35%) Mocha
General
1 80 (35.87%) Finance
2 41 (18.39%) Banking
3 18 (8.07%) Public Sector
4 9 (4.04%) Front Office
5 7 (3.14%) Investment Banking
6 6 (2.69%) Marketing
7 3 (1.35%) Legal
7 3 (1.35%) Retail
8 2 (0.90%) Back Office
8 2 (0.90%) Law
9 1 (0.45%) Dutch Language
9 1 (0.45%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.45%) Local Government
9 1 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.45%) Private Banking
9 1 (0.45%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 102 (45.74%) Developer
2 57 (25.56%) Java Developer
3 44 (19.73%) AWS Engineer
4 39 (17.49%) Software Engineer
5 32 (14.35%) AWS Developer
5 32 (14.35%) SQL Developer
6 29 (13.00%) AWS Software Engineer
6 29 (13.00%) Java Engineer
7 27 (12.11%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 27 (12.11%) Java Software Engineer
8 24 (10.76%) Architect
9 22 (9.87%) Java Software Developer
10 21 (9.42%) Analyst
11 18 (8.07%) DBA
12 13 (5.83%) Data Engineer
12 13 (5.83%) Oracle DBA
13 12 (5.38%) Cloud Engineer
14 10 (4.48%) Data Architect
14 10 (4.48%) Senior Developer
15 9 (4.04%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (20.63%) Web Services
2 28 (12.56%) Spring
3 27 (12.11%) gRPC
3 27 (12.11%) Kafka
3 27 (12.11%) XML
4 26 (11.66%) HTML
5 21 (9.42%) .NET
6 19 (8.52%) Protocol Buffers
7 17 (7.62%) J2EE
8 16 (7.17%) HTML5
9 14 (6.28%) REST
10 10 (4.48%) AngularJS
10 10 (4.48%) CSS
10 10 (4.48%) JDBC
10 10 (4.48%) Middleware
11 9 (4.04%) Dropwizard
11 9 (4.04%) J2SE
11 9 (4.04%) Node.js
12 8 (3.59%) Django
12 8 (3.59%) Swing
Miscellaneous
1 38 (17.04%) Analytical Skills
2 22 (9.87%) Fixed Income
2 22 (9.87%) Reference Data
3 12 (5.38%) Derivative
3 12 (5.38%) Hedge funds
4 11 (4.93%) Data Structures
4 11 (4.93%) Enterprise Software
5 10 (4.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 8 (3.59%) Pricing Data
6 8 (3.59%) Virtual Team
7 7 (3.14%) Equity Derivative
7 7 (3.14%) Greenfield Project
7 7 (3.14%) Market Risk
8 6 (2.69%) Management Information System
9 5 (2.24%) OTC Derivatives
10 4 (1.79%) Algorithms
10 4 (1.79%) Mobile App
11 3 (1.35%) Equities
11 3 (1.35%) Mainframe
11 3 (1.35%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 49 (21.97%) Unix
2 45 (20.18%) Linux
3 18 (8.07%) Windows
4 9 (4.04%) Solaris
5 4 (1.79%) AIX
6 3 (1.35%) HPUX
6 3 (1.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (1.35%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.90%) Android
7 2 (0.90%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 70 (31.39%) Agile Software Development
2 56 (25.11%) Software Engineering
3 50 (22.42%) Continuous Integration
4 47 (21.08%) Microservices
5 43 (19.28%) Test Automation
6 41 (18.39%) ETL
7 35 (15.70%) Analytics
7 35 (15.70%) Asset Management
7 35 (15.70%) DevOps
8 30 (13.45%) OO
9 29 (13.00%) Migration
10 27 (12.11%) Data Modelling
10 27 (12.11%) OOD
11 25 (11.21%) Problem-Solving
12 24 (10.76%) Configuration Management
13 22 (9.87%) Business Intelligence
14 20 (8.97%) Infrastructure as Code
15 19 (8.52%) Load Balancing
16 18 (8.07%) Mentoring
17 17 (7.62%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 131 (58.74%) SQL
2 125 (56.05%) Java
3 97 (43.50%) Python
4 28 (12.56%) Bash Shell
5 27 (12.11%) JavaScript
6 25 (11.21%) R
7 21 (9.42%) C#
8 20 (8.97%) PL/SQL
9 17 (7.62%) Shell Script
10 14 (6.28%) Perl
11 13 (5.83%) Scala
12 10 (4.48%) Java 8
13 9 (4.04%) PowerShell
13 9 (4.04%) VBA
14 8 (3.59%) VB
15 7 (3.14%) Kotlin
15 7 (3.14%) Ruby
15 7 (3.14%) T-SQL
16 6 (2.69%) PHP
16 6 (2.69%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 25 (11.21%) Security Cleared
2 23 (10.31%) SC Cleared
3 12 (5.38%) Degree
4 6 (2.69%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (2.24%) Master's Degree
6 3 (1.35%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.90%) BC Cleared
7 2 (0.90%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.90%) TOGAF Certification
8 1 (0.45%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.45%) CEH
8 1 (0.45%) CISA
8 1 (0.45%) CISM
8 1 (0.45%) CISSP
8 1 (0.45%) CRISC
8 1 (0.45%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.45%) ISSAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (18.39%) QA
2 24 (10.76%) Data Quality
3 5 (2.24%) GDPR
4 3 (1.35%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 3 (1.35%) MiFID
5 1 (0.45%) COBIT
5 1 (0.45%) COSO
5 1 (0.45%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.45%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.45%) NIST
5 1 (0.45%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.45%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.45%) SLA
System Software
1 40 (17.94%) Docker
2 7 (3.14%) Oracle RAC
3 6 (2.69%) Apache Flume
3 6 (2.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (1.35%) Citrix Hypervisor
4 3 (1.35%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.90%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.90%) Oracle Clusterware
6 1 (0.45%) HDFS
6 1 (0.45%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 23 (10.31%) Opscode Chef
2 20 (8.97%) Terraform
3 19 (8.52%) Puppet
4 18 (8.07%) Kubernetes
5 10 (4.48%) Ansible
5 10 (4.48%) Data Guard
6 4 (1.79%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 3 (1.35%) HP ALM
8 2 (0.90%) Control-M
8 2 (0.90%) Oracle RMAN
8 2 (0.90%) Uchiwa
9 1 (0.45%) EMC NetWorker
9 1 (0.45%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 1 (0.45%) Oozie
9 1 (0.45%) QRadar
9 1 (0.45%) Rancher
9 1 (0.45%) Tivoli
9 1 (0.45%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 120 (53.81%) Oracle
2 31 (13.90%) Sybase
3 20 (8.97%) Microsoft
4 11 (4.93%) Cloudera
4 11 (4.93%) Informatica
5 10 (4.48%) Google
6 8 (3.59%) Ab Initio
6 8 (3.59%) Databricks
6 8 (3.59%) SAP
7 6 (2.69%) Hortonworks
7 6 (2.69%) MapR
7 6 (2.69%) VMware
8 5 (2.24%) Atlassian
8 5 (2.24%) MicroStrategy
9 4 (1.79%) IBM
9 4 (1.79%) Red Hat
9 4 (1.79%) WSO2
10 3 (1.35%) Netezza
10 3 (1.35%) Splunk
10 3 (1.35%) Tableau