Period
to 23 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 23 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 300 250 340
Rank change year-on-year -50 +90 +40
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 872 1,026 664
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.88% 1.02% 0.69%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.90% 4.64% 3.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 573 717 422
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £305
90th Percentile £625 £650 £636
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £415 £375
% change year-on-year +5.42% +10.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 6 4
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £35.00 £43.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -37.14% -19.08% +8.13%
10th Percentile £18.25 £23.00 £39.15
90th Percentile £41.88 £44.38 £46.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £35.00 £43.25
% change year-on-year -31.43% -19.08% +8.13%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 22,361 22,113 21,702
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.44% 21.99% 22.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,420 15,393 14,477
UK median daily rate £475 £455 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.40% +7.06% +2.41%
10th Percentile £317 £310 £288
90th Percentile £645 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 254 312
UK median hourly rate £32.75 £30.63 £28.18
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.94% +8.68% -6.07%
10th Percentile £13.25 £14.54 £10.05
90th Percentile £56.66 £56.41 £48.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.75 £35.00 £26.50
% change year-on-year -6.43% +32.08% -8.62%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -42 728 £518 -1.43% 214
London -31 445 £550 - 85
UK excluding London -27 422 £438 +5.42% 148
Scotland +10 85 £438 -2.78% 15
North of England -4 79 £450 +22.03% 29
Midlands -3 63 £450 +20.81% 14
South East -38 56 £444 -1.39% 47
South West -33 53 £450 +5.88% 30
West Midlands -12 43 £469 +10.29% 9
Yorkshire +8 37 £488 +21.88% 12
East of England +2 36 £500 +56.25% 9
North West -30 35 £400 +6.67% 12
Northern Ireland +16 30 £412 -2.44% 2
Wales -24 23 £381 -0.97% 2
East Midlands -8 21 £400 +26.98% 5
North East +5 7 £478 +44.70% 5
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 23 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 872 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 474 (54.36%) Agile Software Development
3 416 (47.71%) Java
4 398 (45.64%) SQL
5 396 (45.41%) Oracle
6 248 (28.44%) SQL Server
7 232 (26.61%) DevOps
8 204 (23.39%) Test Automation
8 204 (23.39%) NoSQL
9 193 (22.13%) Git (software)
9 193 (22.13%) Finance
10 192 (22.02%) Microservices
11 186 (21.33%) MySQL
12 174 (19.95%) Spring
13 172 (19.72%) JavaScript
13 172 (19.72%) Unix
14 160 (18.35%) Linux
15 159 (18.23%) Continuous Integration
16 152 (17.43%) Python
17 143 (16.40%) XML
17 143 (16.40%) HTML
17 143 (16.40%) Amazon AWS
18 142 (16.28%) Web Services
19 138 (15.83%) AngularJS
20 134 (15.37%) CSS
21 131 (15.02%) Jenkins
22 125 (14.33%) RESTful
23 121 (13.88%) MongoDB
24 120 (13.76%) OO
25 116 (13.30%) Banking

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (8.83%) Confluence
2 51 (5.85%) Apache Spark
3 47 (5.39%) WebSphere
4 46 (5.28%) WildFly
5 32 (3.67%) Elasticsearch
6 28 (3.21%) WebLogic
7 24 (2.75%) Mule
8 18 (2.06%) Apache Solr
9 17 (1.95%) JBoss
10 14 (1.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 13 (1.49%) Documentum
11 13 (1.49%) Tomcat
12 12 (1.38%) SAS
13 11 (1.26%) CMS
13 11 (1.26%) SharePoint
14 10 (1.15%) IIS
15 9 (1.03%) Apache
15 9 (1.03%) Mule ESB
16 8 (0.92%) Oracle Workflow
17 7 (0.80%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 30 (3.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (1.38%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.34%) SPSS
4 2 (0.23%) HipChat
4 2 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.11%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 19 (2.18%) Teamcenter
2 6 (0.69%) Endur
3 5 (0.57%) ION MarketView
4 4 (0.46%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.46%) Loan IQ
4 4 (0.46%) SAP ERP
4 4 (0.46%) SAP Hybris
5 3 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
5 3 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
6 2 (0.23%) Adobe Campaign
6 2 (0.23%) BASE24
6 2 (0.23%) Oracle 11i
6 2 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.23%) Oracle Financials
6 2 (0.23%) Workday HCM
7 1 (0.11%) Oracle Retail
7 1 (0.11%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 143 (16.40%) Amazon AWS
2 95 (10.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 23 (2.64%) Google Cloud Platform
4 19 (2.18%) PaaS
5 18 (2.06%) SaaS
6 15 (1.72%) Amazon S3
7 14 (1.61%) IaaS
7 14 (1.61%) Serverless
8 13 (1.49%) Amazon EMR
8 13 (1.49%) OpenShift
9 12 (1.38%) Apigee
10 9 (1.03%) Amazon Kinesis
10 9 (1.03%) AWS Lambda
10 9 (1.03%) Office 365
11 8 (0.92%) Datadog
12 7 (0.80%) Amazon EC2
12 7 (0.80%) Dynamics 365
13 6 (0.69%) NuGet
14 5 (0.57%) AWS CloudFormation
14 5 (0.57%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 50 (5.73%) HTTP
2 38 (4.36%) SSL
3 37 (4.24%) TCP/IP
4 36 (4.13%) DNS
5 33 (3.78%) FTP
6 32 (3.67%) DHCP
7 31 (3.56%) IPsec
8 19 (2.18%) Internet
9 7 (0.80%) AMQP
10 4 (0.46%) VPN
11 3 (0.34%) Firewall
11 3 (0.34%) LAN
12 2 (0.23%) SAN
13 1 (0.11%) BGP
13 1 (0.11%) Kerberos
13 1 (0.11%) MPLS
13 1 (0.11%) OSPF
13 1 (0.11%) SMTP
13 1 (0.11%) VoIP
13 1 (0.11%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 872 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 248 (28.44%) SQL Server
3 204 (23.39%) NoSQL
4 186 (21.33%) MySQL
5 121 (13.88%) MongoDB
6 107 (12.27%) Oracle Database
7 98 (11.24%) Data Warehouse
8 81 (9.29%) Big Data
9 80 (9.17%) Hadoop
10 74 (8.49%) PostgreSQL
11 60 (6.88%) Apache Cassandra
11 60 (6.88%) DB2
12 42 (4.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 41 (4.70%) Oracle Database 11g
14 34 (3.90%) Apache Hive
15 33 (3.78%) Power BI
16 29 (3.33%) Oracle Database 10g
17 26 (2.98%) Data Lake
17 26 (2.98%) Oracle Reports
17 26 (2.98%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 193 (22.13%) Git (software)
2 131 (15.02%) Jenkins
3 97 (11.12%) JIRA
4 90 (10.32%) Maven
5 78 (8.94%) JUnit
6 59 (6.77%) Mockito
7 53 (6.08%) SonarQube
8 49 (5.62%) Checkstyle
9 47 (5.39%) Subversion
10 46 (5.28%) Liquibase
10 46 (5.28%) Vagrant
11 41 (4.70%) NUnit
12 39 (4.47%) Eclipse
13 31 (3.56%) Cucumber
13 31 (3.56%) Travis CI
14 30 (3.44%) Selenium
15 28 (3.21%) Artifactory
15 28 (3.21%) MSTest
16 23 (2.64%) Sonatype Nexus
17 19 (2.18%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 193 (22.13%) Finance
2 116 (13.30%) Banking
3 63 (7.22%) Investment Banking
4 56 (6.42%) Front Office
5 44 (5.05%) Retail
6 22 (2.52%) Marketing
7 13 (1.49%) Financial Institution
8 6 (0.69%) Manufacturing
8 6 (0.69%) Telecoms
9 5 (0.57%) Electronics
9 5 (0.57%) Games
10 4 (0.46%) Legal
11 3 (0.34%) Law
12 2 (0.23%) Automotive
12 2 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.11%) Advertising
13 1 (0.11%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.11%) Back Office
13 1 (0.11%) Billing
Job Titles
1 466 (53.44%) Developer
2 205 (23.51%) Java Developer
3 80 (9.17%) Architect
4 76 (8.72%) DevOps Engineer
5 67 (7.68%) Full Stack Developer
6 65 (7.45%) Senior Developer
7 55 (6.31%) Analyst
8 50 (5.73%) Senior Java Developer
9 47 (5.39%) DBA
10 43 (4.93%) SQL Developer
11 35 (4.01%) .NET Developer
12 34 (3.90%) Software Engineer
13 29 (3.33%) Consultant
14 28 (3.21%) Front Office Developer
14 28 (3.21%) SC Cleared Java Developer
15 25 (2.87%) Oracle DBA
16 24 (2.75%) Node.js Developer
17 23 (2.64%) React Developer
17 23 (2.64%) SQL DBA
18 22 (2.52%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 174 (19.95%) Spring
2 143 (16.40%) HTML
2 143 (16.40%) XML
3 142 (16.28%) Web Services
4 138 (15.83%) AngularJS
5 134 (15.37%) CSS
6 125 (14.33%) RESTful
7 108 (12.39%) Hibernate
7 108 (12.39%) REST
8 93 (10.67%) Node.js
9 91 (10.44%) React
10 90 (10.32%) HTML5
11 89 (10.21%) .NET
11 89 (10.21%) JMS
12 84 (9.63%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 74 (8.49%) JSON
14 73 (8.37%) Spring Boot
15 65 (7.45%) CSS3
16 60 (6.88%) Java EE
17 57 (6.54%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 72 (8.26%) Analytical Skills
2 51 (5.85%) Linux Command Line
3 40 (4.59%) Derivative
4 33 (3.78%) Fixed Income
5 28 (3.21%) Algorithms
6 24 (2.75%) Equity Derivative
7 22 (2.52%) Enterprise Software
7 22 (2.52%) Virtual Team
8 20 (2.29%) Data Structures
9 19 (2.18%) Self-Motivation
10 17 (1.95%) Greenfield Project
10 17 (1.95%) Interest Rate Derivative
11 15 (1.72%) Management Information System
12 13 (1.49%) NHS
13 12 (1.38%) HoloLens
13 12 (1.38%) Taxonomies
14 11 (1.26%) Clustering
14 11 (1.26%) Public Cloud
15 10 (1.15%) Hybrid Cloud
16 9 (1.03%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 172 (19.72%) Unix
2 160 (18.35%) Linux
3 84 (9.63%) Windows
4 46 (5.28%) VMS
5 24 (2.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 24 (2.75%) Windows Server
6 19 (2.18%) AIX
6 19 (2.18%) Solaris
7 14 (1.61%) Android
7 14 (1.61%) Apple iOS
7 14 (1.61%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (0.34%) HPUX
8 3 (0.34%) Windows Server 2003
8 3 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.23%) CentOS
9 2 (0.23%) Tru64
9 2 (0.23%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.11%) Debian
10 1 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 474 (54.36%) Agile Software Development
2 232 (26.61%) DevOps
3 204 (23.39%) Test Automation
4 192 (22.02%) Microservices
5 159 (18.23%) Continuous Integration
6 120 (13.76%) OO
7 106 (12.16%) Scrum
8 97 (11.12%) Open Source
9 90 (10.32%) Business Intelligence
9 90 (10.32%) SDLC
10 88 (10.09%) TDD
11 84 (9.63%) Data Modelling
12 80 (9.17%) OOP
13 79 (9.06%) ETL
14 70 (8.03%) Configuration Management
14 70 (8.03%) Software Engineering
15 67 (7.68%) MVC
16 66 (7.57%) Analytics
17 64 (7.34%) Performance Tuning
18 62 (7.11%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 416 (47.71%) Java
2 398 (45.64%) SQL
3 172 (19.72%) JavaScript
4 152 (17.43%) Python
5 116 (13.30%) Java 8
6 109 (12.50%) C#
7 68 (7.80%) PL/SQL
7 68 (7.80%) Scala
8 61 (7.00%) Shell Script
9 50 (5.73%) JPQL
10 47 (5.39%) C++
11 44 (5.05%) Perl
12 38 (4.36%) T-SQL
13 26 (2.98%) PowerShell
14 24 (2.75%) Bash Shell
14 24 (2.75%) Ruby
15 17 (1.95%) VBA
15 17 (1.95%) VC++
16 13 (1.49%) PHP
17 12 (1.38%) VB
Qualifications
1 86 (9.86%) Security Cleared
2 68 (7.80%) SC Cleared
3 55 (6.31%) Degree
4 19 (2.18%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (1.49%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (1.03%) Master's Degree
7 8 (0.92%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.34%) AWS Certification
8 3 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.23%) BC Cleared
9 2 (0.23%) CISM
9 2 (0.23%) CISSP
9 2 (0.23%) ISEB
9 2 (0.23%) MCITP
9 2 (0.23%) MCTS
10 1 (0.11%) CCNA
10 1 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.11%) MCDBA
10 1 (0.11%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (3.78%) Data Quality
2 21 (2.41%) QA
3 15 (1.72%) Basel III
4 8 (0.92%) GDPR
5 4 (0.46%) IFRS
5 4 (0.46%) IFRS 9
6 3 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.34%) Dodd-Frank
6 3 (0.34%) EMIR
6 3 (0.34%) MiFID
6 3 (0.34%) WCAG
7 2 (0.23%) HL7
7 2 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.23%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.11%) PMO
8 1 (0.11%) SLA
8 1 (0.11%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 79 (9.06%) Docker
2 32 (3.67%) Active Directory
3 31 (3.56%) Virtual Machines
4 15 (1.72%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.92%) Oracle RAC
6 7 (0.80%) Apache Flume
7 4 (0.46%) HDFS
8 2 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.23%) KVM
8 2 (0.23%) Microsoft App-V
8 2 (0.23%) VMware Server
8 2 (0.23%) vSphere
8 2 (0.23%) XenApp
8 2 (0.23%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.11%) oVirt
9 1 (0.11%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 1 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 81 (9.29%) Opscode Chef
2 76 (8.72%) Puppet
3 52 (5.96%) Ansible
4 43 (4.93%) Kubernetes
5 27 (3.10%) Terraform
6 23 (2.64%) Mesos
7 21 (2.41%) Single Sign-On
8 20 (2.29%) Marathon
9 18 (2.06%) Kibana
10 12 (1.38%) logstash
11 7 (0.80%) Suricata
12 6 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
13 5 (0.57%) Oracle RMAN
14 4 (0.46%) Control-M
14 4 (0.46%) Nagios
14 4 (0.46%) Oozie
15 3 (0.34%) BladeLogic
15 3 (0.34%) Data Guard
15 3 (0.34%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
15 3 (0.34%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 396 (45.41%) Oracle
2 106 (12.16%) Microsoft
3 39 (4.47%) Sybase
4 33 (3.78%) IBM
4 33 (3.78%) Informatica
5 26 (2.98%) Google
6 25 (2.87%) Red Hat
7 23 (2.64%) Teradata
8 20 (2.29%) Tableau
8 20 (2.29%) VMware
9 17 (1.95%) SAP
10 16 (1.83%) Databricks
11 15 (1.72%) Netezza
11 15 (1.72%) Xamarin
12 13 (1.49%) Atlassian
13 12 (1.38%) Cognos
13 12 (1.38%) MuleSoft
14 11 (1.26%) hybris
15 10 (1.15%) Murex
15 10 (1.15%) Pega