Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 383 315 282
Rank change year-on-year -68 -33 +41
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 355 794 947
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.56% 0.82% 0.93%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.70% 3.68% 4.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 202 507 680
Median daily rate £500 £475 £514
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% -7.54% +14.17%
10th Percentile £338 £363 £330
90th Percentile £706 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £431 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -4.33% +5.88% +9.68%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 10 3
Median hourly rate £27.43 £23.18 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.31% -48.49% +52.54%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.43 £23.18 £45.00
% change year-on-year +18.31% -48.49% +52.54%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 13,170 21,554 22,398
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.88% 22.29% 22.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,626 14,866 15,506
Median daily rate £475 £475 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.06% +7.43%
10th Percentile £320 £325 £311
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +4.71% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 231 251 241
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
10th Percentile £15.00 £13.25 £14.75
90th Percentile £55.00 £56.50 £53.50
Median hourly rate £26.71 £35.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -23.68% -12.50% +58.76%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -28 313 £500 - 100
London +33 197 £525 -4.55% 41
UK excluding London -98 150 £431 -4.33% 71
North of England +14 44 £450 -5.26% 24
South East +66 25 £394 -14.86% 14
Scotland -58 25 £363 -23.68% 6
North West +30 22 £433 +1.76% 16
East of England +22 18 £444 -0.28% 8
Yorkshire +19 14 £475 -5.00% 4
North East +23 13 £405 -15.84% 4
Midlands +14 13 £450 -1.37% 9
South West -7 13 £365 -18.89% 4
East Midlands +25 10 £450 +7.14% 7
Wales +26 6 £515 +35.08% 6
Northern Ireland -2 6 £460 +11.65%
Work from Home +14 5 £613 +28.95% 3
West Midlands +13 3 £544 +14.47% 2

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 355 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 188 (52.96%) SQL
3 184 (51.83%) Oracle
4 163 (45.92%) Java
5 134 (37.75%) Agile Software Development
6 129 (36.34%) SQL Server
7 111 (31.27%) Finance
8 105 (29.58%) Python
9 103 (29.01%) Web Services
10 99 (27.89%) AWS
11 86 (24.23%) Software Engineering
12 83 (23.38%) Azure
13 82 (23.10%) XML
14 80 (22.54%) ETL
15 76 (21.41%) MySQL
16 69 (19.44%) Git (software)
16 69 (19.44%) JIRA
17 67 (18.87%) Microservices
18 66 (18.59%) Migration
18 66 (18.59%) NoSQL
19 61 (17.18%) PostgreSQL
20 60 (16.90%) Data Warehouse
20 60 (16.90%) Data Modelling
21 59 (16.62%) Analytics
22 55 (15.49%) Linux
23 52 (14.65%) MongoDB
24 51 (14.37%) Banking
24 51 (14.37%) Kafka
25 50 (14.08%) Problem-Solving
25 50 (14.08%) Apache Cassandra

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (10.99%) Confluence
2 21 (5.92%) Apache Spark
3 13 (3.66%) SharePoint
4 10 (2.82%) Apache
4 10 (2.82%) IIS
4 10 (2.82%) WebLogic
5 9 (2.54%) Elasticsearch
6 8 (2.25%) SAS
6 8 (2.25%) Tomcat
7 5 (1.41%) ColdFusion
8 4 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
8 4 (1.13%) nginx
8 4 (1.13%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.85%) Ethereum
9 3 (0.85%) Hyperledger
9 3 (0.85%) JBoss
10 2 (0.56%) ArcGIS
10 2 (0.56%) BizTalk Server
10 2 (0.56%) SharePoint Server
10 2 (0.56%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 12 (3.38%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.69%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (1.41%) Zeplin
4 2 (0.56%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.28%) Camtasia
5 1 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 27 (7.61%) FINCAD Analytics
2 15 (4.23%) BusinessWorks
3 14 (3.94%) Oracle EBS
4 4 (1.13%) Adobe Campaign
5 3 (0.85%) NetSuite
5 3 (0.85%) Oracle 11i
5 3 (0.85%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.56%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.56%) SAP Bank Analyzer
6 2 (0.56%) SAP BPC
6 2 (0.56%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.28%) Endur
7 1 (0.28%) Magento
7 1 (0.28%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.28%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.28%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 99 (27.89%) AWS
2 83 (23.38%) Azure
3 48 (13.52%) GCP
4 30 (8.45%) AWS Step Functions
5 15 (4.23%) PaaS
6 13 (3.66%) Cloud Computing
7 11 (3.10%) IaaS
7 11 (3.10%) SaaS
8 10 (2.82%) Power Platform
9 8 (2.25%) GitHub
10 6 (1.69%) Serverless
11 5 (1.41%) AWS CloudFormation
11 5 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
12 4 (1.13%) Amazon S3
12 4 (1.13%) Coveralls
12 4 (1.13%) IBM Cloud
13 3 (0.85%) Amazon Kinesis
13 3 (0.85%) Boomi
13 3 (0.85%) Office 365
14 2 (0.56%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 24 (6.76%) HTTP
2 7 (1.97%) SSH
3 6 (1.69%) DNS
4 4 (1.13%) SSL
4 4 (1.13%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.85%) iSCSI
6 2 (0.56%) FTP
6 2 (0.56%) Radio Access Network
7 1 (0.28%) Cisco Nexus
7 1 (0.28%) Ethernet
7 1 (0.28%) FCoE
7 1 (0.28%) Fibre Channel
7 1 (0.28%) Firewall
7 1 (0.28%) InfiniBand
7 1 (0.28%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.28%) LAN
7 1 (0.28%) Network Security
7 1 (0.28%) VoIP
7 1 (0.28%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 355 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 129 (36.34%) SQL Server
3 76 (21.41%) MySQL
4 66 (18.59%) NoSQL
5 61 (17.18%) PostgreSQL
6 60 (16.90%) Data Warehouse
7 52 (14.65%) MongoDB
8 50 (14.08%) Apache Cassandra
9 48 (13.52%) Oracle Database
10 44 (12.39%) DB2
11 42 (11.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 42 (11.83%) Hadoop
12 41 (11.55%) Redis
13 35 (9.86%) Amazon Aurora
14 34 (9.58%) HBase
15 31 (8.73%) Couchbase
16 29 (8.17%) Neo4j
17 27 (7.61%) Amazon Athena
17 27 (7.61%) MariaDB
18 25 (7.04%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 69 (19.44%) Git (software)
1 69 (19.44%) JIRA
2 42 (11.83%) Jenkins
3 26 (7.32%) JUnit
4 18 (5.07%) Cucumber
5 13 (3.66%) Gradle
6 12 (3.38%) Maven
7 11 (3.10%) Mockito
8 10 (2.82%) Ant
8 10 (2.82%) Team Foundation Server
8 10 (2.82%) Visual Studio Team System
9 9 (2.54%) Eclipse
9 9 (2.54%) Subversion
10 7 (1.97%) TeamCity
11 6 (1.69%) Toad
12 5 (1.41%) Cypress.io
12 5 (1.41%) SpecFlow
13 4 (1.13%) Bitbucket Server
13 4 (1.13%) SonarQube
13 4 (1.13%) webpack
General
1 111 (31.27%) Finance
2 51 (14.37%) Banking
3 31 (8.73%) Front Office
4 30 (8.45%) Public Sector
5 9 (2.54%) Investment Banking
6 7 (1.97%) Retail
7 6 (1.69%) Marketing
8 3 (0.85%) Local Government
8 3 (0.85%) Telecoms
9 2 (0.56%) Advertising
9 2 (0.56%) Law
9 2 (0.56%) Legal
9 2 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.28%) Dutch Language
10 1 (0.28%) Games
10 1 (0.28%) Private Banking
10 1 (0.28%) Publishing
10 1 (0.28%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 171 (48.17%) Developer
2 67 (18.87%) Java Developer
3 43 (12.11%) Software Engineer
4 42 (11.83%) AWS Developer
5 40 (11.27%) AWS Engineer
6 39 (10.99%) Analyst
7 36 (10.14%) Java Engineer
8 35 (9.86%) Architect
9 29 (8.17%) Senior Developer
10 27 (7.61%) AWS Software Engineer
10 27 (7.61%) Java Software Engineer
11 26 (7.32%) Data Analyst
12 24 (6.76%) Data Engineer
12 24 (6.76%) SQL Developer
13 23 (6.48%) Java Software Developer
14 22 (6.20%) DBA
14 22 (6.20%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 19 (5.35%) .NET Developer
16 16 (4.51%) Python Developer
17 14 (3.94%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 103 (29.01%) Web Services
2 82 (23.10%) XML
3 51 (14.37%) Kafka
4 48 (13.52%) .NET
5 43 (12.11%) HTML
6 39 (10.99%) JDBC
7 35 (9.86%) CSS
8 34 (9.58%) REST
9 32 (9.01%) J2EE
9 32 (9.01%) Spring
10 31 (8.73%) RESTful
11 29 (8.17%) AngularJS
12 25 (7.04%) JMS
12 25 (7.04%) jQuery
13 24 (6.76%) HTML5
13 24 (6.76%) SOAP
14 23 (6.48%) React
15 18 (5.07%) gRPC
15 18 (5.07%) JSON
16 17 (4.79%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 36 (10.14%) Fixed Income
2 35 (9.86%) Analytical Skills
3 32 (9.01%) Derivative
4 30 (8.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 30 (8.45%) Hedge funds
5 27 (7.61%) Equity Derivative
5 27 (7.61%) Reference Data
6 21 (5.92%) Market Risk
7 20 (5.63%) Algorithms
8 12 (3.38%) Enterprise Software
9 11 (3.10%) Data Structures
10 9 (2.54%) Management Information System
11 8 (2.25%) Client/Server
11 8 (2.25%) User Experience
12 7 (1.97%) Clustering
12 7 (1.97%) Public Cloud
13 6 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
13 6 (1.69%) Replication
14 5 (1.41%) Mainframe
14 5 (1.41%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 55 (15.49%) Linux
2 49 (13.80%) Unix
3 22 (6.20%) Windows
4 10 (2.82%) Solaris
5 9 (2.54%) Windows Server
6 7 (1.97%) AIX
7 3 (0.85%) Android
7 3 (0.85%) HPUX
7 3 (0.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.56%) VME
9 1 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 134 (37.75%) Agile Software Development
2 86 (24.23%) Software Engineering
3 80 (22.54%) ETL
4 67 (18.87%) Microservices
5 66 (18.59%) Migration
6 60 (16.90%) Data Modelling
7 59 (16.62%) Analytics
8 50 (14.08%) Problem-Solving
9 45 (12.68%) Asset Management
9 45 (12.68%) DevOps
10 39 (10.99%) Business Intelligence
10 39 (10.99%) Continuous Integration
11 38 (10.70%) SDLC
12 37 (10.42%) TDD
13 31 (8.73%) OO
14 29 (8.17%) Test Automation
15 28 (7.89%) Machine Learning
16 27 (7.61%) Mentoring
16 27 (7.61%) Risk Analytics
16 27 (7.61%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 188 (52.96%) SQL
2 163 (45.92%) Java
3 105 (29.58%) Python
4 48 (13.52%) JavaScript
5 46 (12.96%) C#
6 38 (10.70%) Scala
7 27 (7.61%) Kotlin
8 24 (6.76%) Java 8
8 24 (6.76%) PL/SQL
9 20 (5.63%) R
10 18 (5.07%) T-SQL
11 17 (4.79%) XPath
12 13 (3.66%) Bash Shell
12 13 (3.66%) PHP
12 13 (3.66%) TypeScript
13 12 (3.38%) C++
13 12 (3.38%) PowerShell
13 12 (3.38%) Shell Script
14 9 (2.54%) Ruby
15 8 (2.25%) Perl
Qualifications
1 31 (8.73%) Security Cleared
2 27 (7.61%) Degree
2 27 (7.61%) SC Cleared
3 5 (1.41%) SAS Certification
4 4 (1.13%) BPSS Clearance
4 4 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (1.13%) Master's Degree
5 3 (0.85%) DBS Check
6 2 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.28%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.28%) CISM
7 1 (0.28%) CISSP
7 1 (0.28%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.28%) ISSMP
7 1 (0.28%) OCP
7 1 (0.28%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (9.58%) Data Quality
2 27 (7.61%) QA
3 5 (1.41%) GDPR
4 3 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 2 (0.56%) COBIT
5 2 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.28%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.28%) MiFID
System Software
1 36 (10.14%) Docker
2 20 (5.63%) Apache Flume
3 6 (1.69%) Active Directory
4 5 (1.41%) Oracle RAC
4 5 (1.41%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.85%) Citrix Hypervisor
5 3 (0.85%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.85%) Oracle Clusterware
6 2 (0.56%) NFS
6 2 (0.56%) Samba
7 1 (0.28%) HDFS
7 1 (0.28%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 1 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.28%) vSphere
7 1 (0.28%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 24 (6.76%) Kubernetes
2 16 (4.51%) Terraform
3 13 (3.66%) Ansible
4 9 (2.54%) Puppet
5 8 (2.25%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (1.97%) Data Guard
6 7 (1.97%) Istio
6 7 (1.97%) linkerd
7 6 (1.69%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 5 (1.41%) MIIS
8 5 (1.41%) Single Sign-On
9 4 (1.13%) Oracle RMAN
10 2 (0.56%) Control-M
10 2 (0.56%) Grafana
10 2 (0.56%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.56%) Tivoli
10 2 (0.56%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 2 (0.56%) Uchiwa
11 1 (0.28%) Oracle ZFS
11 1 (0.28%) QRadar
Vendors
1 184 (51.83%) Oracle
2 41 (11.55%) Sybase
3 38 (10.70%) Microsoft
4 33 (9.30%) Google
5 17 (4.79%) SAP
6 16 (4.51%) IBM
6 16 (4.51%) TIBCO
7 13 (3.66%) Atlassian
7 13 (3.66%) Informatica
8 11 (3.10%) Cloudera
9 10 (2.82%) Teradata
10 9 (2.54%) Databricks
10 9 (2.54%) Hortonworks
11 8 (2.25%) MapR
12 7 (1.97%) Tableau
13 6 (1.69%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 6 (1.69%) Salesforce.com
14 5 (1.41%) Adobe
14 5 (1.41%) MicroStrategy
14 5 (1.41%) Red Hat