Period
to 17 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 17 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
17 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 316 303 312
Rank change year-on-year -13 +9 +17
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 737 829 739
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.81% 0.83% 0.81%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.67% 3.70% 3.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 462 601 478
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +14.29% -0.91%
10th Percentile £363 £356 £318
90th Percentile £638 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £455 £435 £388
% change year-on-year +4.72% +12.13% -3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 4 2
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £45.00 £23.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.11% +93.55% -43.98%
10th Percentile £18.05 £45.00 £17.63
90th Percentile £60.00 £67.75 £29.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.50 £45.00 £23.25
% change year-on-year -1.11% +93.55% -43.98%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 20,102 22,378 20,560
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.18% 22.51% 22.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,777 15,564 13,720
UK median daily rate £475 £465 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.15% +6.29% +2.94%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £631 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +4.24% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 241 231 266
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £28.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +23.89% -6.93%
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.00 £9.94
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £52.09
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £27.50
% change year-on-year - +27.27% -10.57%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 17 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -7 605 £500 -4.76% 38
UK excluding London +13 412 £455 +4.72% 26
London -14 315 £550 - 18
Scotland +67 110 £425 -5.56% 6
South East -26 92 £469 -1.32% 3
North of England +58 86 £500 +25.00% 8
Yorkshire +37 50 £500 +17.65% 8
Midlands +27 46 £450 +18.42%
South West -19 33 £450 -10.00% 3
West Midlands +8 31 £463 +5.71%
East of England +7 27 £440 +0.57% 6
North West +7 25 £435 +20.00%
East Midlands +23 15 £414 +31.35%
Northern Ireland -1 12 £456 +5.74%
North East +27 11 £481 +65.95%
Wales -38 4 £375 -12.79%
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 17 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 737 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 327 (44.37%) Java
3 314 (42.61%) Agile Software Development
4 309 (41.93%) SQL
5 287 (38.94%) Oracle
6 205 (27.82%) NoSQL
7 188 (25.51%) SQL Server
8 180 (24.42%) Linux
9 177 (24.02%) DevOps
10 165 (22.39%) MySQL
11 156 (21.17%) Amazon AWS
12 154 (20.90%) Microservices
13 149 (20.22%) Finance
14 140 (19.00%) Oracle Database
15 136 (18.45%) Python
16 133 (18.05%) Test Automation
17 126 (17.10%) OO
17 126 (17.10%) Unix
18 125 (16.96%) JavaScript
19 122 (16.55%) Scrum
19 122 (16.55%) Continuous Integration
20 113 (15.33%) MongoDB
20 113 (15.33%) Jenkins
21 110 (14.93%) Git (software)
22 108 (14.65%) Web Services
23 107 (14.52%) HTML
24 103 (13.98%) Docker
25 97 (13.16%) Spring
26 96 (13.03%) XML
27 92 (12.48%) Data Warehouse

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (7.73%) Apache Spark
2 39 (5.29%) Confluence
3 35 (4.75%) Apache
4 27 (3.66%) JBoss
5 22 (2.99%) Tomcat
6 20 (2.71%) Documentum
7 18 (2.44%) WebSphere
8 17 (2.31%) Elasticsearch
9 14 (1.90%) WebLogic
10 13 (1.76%) NetWeaver
11 11 (1.49%) WebSphere Application Server
12 10 (1.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 8 (1.09%) Apache Airflow
13 8 (1.09%) nginx
13 8 (1.09%) Oracle Workflow
14 7 (0.95%) CMS
14 7 (0.95%) Mule
14 7 (0.95%) WildFly
15 5 (0.68%) IIS
15 5 (0.68%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 15 (2.04%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (1.76%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.81%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.14%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 18 (2.44%) Oracle Applications
1 18 (2.44%) Oracle EBS
2 17 (2.31%) Oracle EBS R12
3 13 (1.76%) SAP ERP
3 13 (1.76%) SAP Hybris
4 4 (0.54%) Adobe Campaign
4 4 (0.54%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.41%) Oracle 11i
5 3 (0.41%) Teamcenter
6 2 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.27%) Infor M3
6 2 (0.27%) ION MarketView
6 2 (0.27%) Summit
7 1 (0.14%) Cognos TM1
7 1 (0.14%) DELMIA
7 1 (0.14%) Oracle Utilities
Cloud Services
1 156 (21.17%) Amazon AWS
2 89 (12.08%) Microsoft Azure
3 32 (4.34%) Serverless
4 29 (3.93%) AWS Lambda
5 26 (3.53%) Google Cloud Platform
6 24 (3.26%) Amazon S3
7 23 (3.12%) Power Platform
8 22 (2.99%) Amazon EC2
8 22 (2.99%) AWS CloudFormation
9 21 (2.85%) OpenShift
10 18 (2.44%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 15 (2.04%) GitHub
12 14 (1.90%) SaaS
13 11 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
14 10 (1.36%) Amazon Kinesis
14 10 (1.36%) npm
15 9 (1.22%) Amazon SQS
15 9 (1.22%) IaaS
16 7 (0.95%) Amazon EMR
16 7 (0.95%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 83 (11.26%) HTTP
2 66 (8.96%) DNS
3 57 (7.73%) DHCP
4 56 (7.60%) TCP/IP
5 54 (7.33%) FTP
5 54 (7.33%) SSL
6 53 (7.19%) IPsec
7 31 (4.21%) Internet
8 19 (2.58%) Firewall
9 17 (2.31%) WAN
10 16 (2.17%) LAN
11 15 (2.04%) SAN
12 4 (0.54%) NAS
13 3 (0.41%) AMQP
14 2 (0.27%) 3G
14 2 (0.27%) 4G
14 2 (0.27%) BGP
14 2 (0.27%) Diameter Protocol
14 2 (0.27%) MPLS
14 2 (0.27%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 737 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 205 (27.82%) NoSQL
3 188 (25.51%) SQL Server
4 165 (22.39%) MySQL
5 140 (19.00%) Oracle Database
6 113 (15.33%) MongoDB
7 92 (12.48%) Data Warehouse
8 79 (10.72%) Big Data
9 71 (9.63%) PostgreSQL
10 65 (8.82%) Hadoop
11 59 (8.01%) Oracle Database 11g
12 43 (5.83%) Apache Cassandra
13 40 (5.43%) Oracle Database 12c
14 33 (4.48%) Apache Hive
15 31 (4.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 30 (4.07%) DB2
17 27 (3.66%) Amazon Redshift
18 26 (3.53%) Amazon RDS
19 23 (3.12%) Oracle Exadata
19 23 (3.12%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 113 (15.33%) Jenkins
2 110 (14.93%) Git (software)
3 71 (9.63%) JIRA
4 50 (6.78%) Travis CI
5 33 (4.48%) JUnit
6 32 (4.34%) Maven
7 24 (3.26%) Subversion
8 21 (2.85%) Mockito
8 21 (2.85%) Selenium
9 19 (2.58%) TeamCity
10 18 (2.44%) Cucumber
11 17 (2.31%) Sonatype Nexus
12 16 (2.17%) SonarQube
12 16 (2.17%) Visual Studio Team System
13 14 (1.90%) GitLab
14 13 (1.76%) Bitbucket
14 13 (1.76%) SpecFlow
14 13 (1.76%) Visual Studio
15 11 (1.49%) IntelliJ
16 9 (1.22%) Bitbucket Server
General
1 149 (20.22%) Finance
2 78 (10.58%) Banking
3 38 (5.16%) Investment Banking
4 23 (3.12%) Marketing
5 20 (2.71%) Front Office
6 16 (2.17%) Retail
7 14 (1.90%) Games
8 10 (1.36%) Legal
9 5 (0.68%) Online Betting
10 4 (0.54%) Telecoms
11 3 (0.41%) Billing
11 3 (0.41%) Financial Institution
11 3 (0.41%) Manufacturing
11 3 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (0.27%) Aerospace
12 2 (0.27%) Automotive
12 2 (0.27%) Electronics
12 2 (0.27%) Law
13 1 (0.14%) Advertising
13 1 (0.14%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 278 (37.72%) Developer
2 116 (15.74%) Java Developer
3 89 (12.08%) Architect
4 73 (9.91%) DBA
5 71 (9.63%) DevOps Engineer
6 48 (6.51%) Oracle DBA
7 42 (5.70%) Analyst
8 36 (4.88%) Senior Developer
9 33 (4.48%) AWS Engineer
10 31 (4.21%) Consultant
11 30 (4.07%) AWS Developer
12 28 (3.80%) Data Engineer
13 26 (3.53%) Software Engineer
14 24 (3.26%) J2EE Developer
14 24 (3.26%) Java/J2EE Developer
15 23 (3.12%) Full Stack Developer
15 23 (3.12%) Senior Java Developer
16 22 (2.99%) Java Engineer
17 21 (2.85%) Python Developer
17 21 (2.85%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 108 (14.65%) Web Services
2 107 (14.52%) HTML
3 97 (13.16%) Spring
4 96 (13.03%) XML
5 72 (9.77%) RESTful
6 71 (9.63%) CSS
7 64 (8.68%) J2EE
8 59 (8.01%) JSON
9 57 (7.73%) AngularJS
10 54 (7.33%) REST
11 50 (6.78%) Middleware
12 49 (6.65%) .NET
13 40 (5.43%) React
14 38 (5.16%) Kafka
15 31 (4.21%) Hibernate
15 31 (4.21%) JMS
15 31 (4.21%) SOAP
16 30 (4.07%) Java EE
16 30 (4.07%) Node.js
16 30 (4.07%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 69 (9.36%) Analytical Skills
2 42 (5.70%) Self-Motivation
3 37 (5.02%) Management Information System
4 32 (4.34%) Public Cloud
5 28 (3.80%) Greenfield Project
6 26 (3.53%) Algorithms
7 20 (2.71%) Data Structures
8 16 (2.17%) Clustering
9 15 (2.04%) Replication
10 12 (1.63%) SWIFT
11 11 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
11 11 (1.49%) Hybrid Cloud
12 10 (1.36%) Enterprise Storage
13 9 (1.22%) Mainframe
13 9 (1.22%) Virtual Team
14 8 (1.09%) Credit Risk
14 8 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
14 8 (1.09%) Online Games
14 8 (1.09%) Taxonomies
14 8 (1.09%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 180 (24.42%) Linux
2 126 (17.10%) Unix
3 71 (9.63%) Windows
4 34 (4.61%) AIX
5 26 (3.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 19 (2.58%) Solaris
7 15 (2.04%) Oracle Linux
8 9 (1.22%) CentOS
8 9 (1.22%) VMS
8 9 (1.22%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.68%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.27%) Android
10 2 (0.27%) Apple iOS
10 2 (0.27%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.27%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.14%) Debian
11 1 (0.14%) SUSE
11 1 (0.14%) Tru64
11 1 (0.14%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 314 (42.61%) Agile Software Development
2 177 (24.02%) DevOps
3 154 (20.90%) Microservices
4 133 (18.05%) Test Automation
5 126 (17.10%) OO
6 122 (16.55%) Continuous Integration
6 122 (16.55%) Scrum
7 82 (11.13%) OOP
8 80 (10.85%) Open Source
9 78 (10.58%) Configuration Management
10 77 (10.45%) Software Engineering
11 73 (9.91%) TDD
12 72 (9.77%) ETL
13 71 (9.63%) Business Intelligence
14 67 (9.09%) Kanban
15 66 (8.96%) Problem-Solving
16 65 (8.82%) Migration
17 58 (7.87%) Analytics
18 56 (7.60%) Performance Tuning
19 50 (6.78%) Thought Leadership
Programming Languages
1 327 (44.37%) Java
2 309 (41.93%) SQL
3 136 (18.45%) Python
4 125 (16.96%) JavaScript
5 81 (10.99%) C#
6 57 (7.73%) Shell Script
7 56 (7.60%) Scala
8 53 (7.19%) PL/SQL
9 43 (5.83%) Java 8
10 42 (5.70%) C++
10 42 (5.70%) Perl
11 28 (3.80%) Ruby
12 20 (2.71%) Bash Shell
13 19 (2.58%) PowerShell
14 17 (2.31%) T-SQL
15 15 (2.04%) PHP
16 11 (1.49%) VBA
17 9 (1.22%) R
17 9 (1.22%) VB
18 7 (0.95%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 49 (6.65%) Security Cleared
2 46 (6.24%) Degree
3 33 (4.48%) SC Cleared
4 24 (3.26%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.63%) DV Cleared
6 11 (1.49%) BPSS Clearance
7 10 (1.36%) Master's Degree
8 4 (0.54%) OCP
8 4 (0.54%) Oracle Certification
9 3 (0.41%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.27%) BC Cleared
10 2 (0.27%) CCNA
10 2 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.27%) CISSP
10 2 (0.27%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.27%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.14%) HNC
11 1 (0.14%) HND
11 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.14%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (2.04%) QA
2 9 (1.22%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.68%) HL7
4 4 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
4 4 (0.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 3 (0.41%) WCAG
6 2 (0.27%) GDPR
6 2 (0.27%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.27%) SLA
7 1 (0.14%) Basel III
7 1 (0.14%) Def Stans
7 1 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.14%) EMIR
7 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.14%) MiFID
System Software
1 103 (13.98%) Docker
2 54 (7.33%) Virtual Machines
3 41 (5.56%) Oracle RAC
4 32 (4.34%) Active Directory
5 14 (1.90%) HDFS
5 14 (1.90%) VMware Infrastructure
6 7 (0.95%) XenApp
7 6 (0.81%) Microsoft App-V
7 6 (0.81%) XenDesktop
8 5 (0.68%) Apache Flume
9 3 (0.41%) vSphere
10 1 (0.14%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 1 (0.14%) ISA Server
10 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.14%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 67 (9.09%) Puppet
2 65 (8.82%) Opscode Chef
3 53 (7.19%) Kubernetes
4 38 (5.16%) Ansible
5 34 (4.61%) Terraform
6 30 (4.07%) Oracle RMAN
7 20 (2.71%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 15 (2.04%) Data Guard
9 7 (0.95%) Docker Swarm
9 7 (0.95%) SCCM
10 6 (0.81%) Kibana
11 5 (0.68%) HP Quality Center
12 4 (0.54%) NetBackup
12 4 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.41%) BladeLogic
13 3 (0.41%) Control-M
13 3 (0.41%) Suricata
14 2 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
14 2 (0.27%) HP Fortify
14 2 (0.27%) Mesos
Vendors
1 287 (38.94%) Oracle
2 79 (10.72%) Microsoft
3 69 (9.36%) IBM
4 34 (4.61%) SAP
5 33 (4.48%) Informatica
6 29 (3.93%) Red Hat
6 29 (3.93%) VMware
7 28 (3.80%) Tableau
8 23 (3.12%) Google
9 22 (2.99%) Atlassian
10 16 (2.17%) MapR
11 15 (2.04%) Sybase
12 14 (1.90%) Adobe
12 14 (1.90%) Salesforce.com
13 13 (1.76%) EMC
13 13 (1.76%) hybris
13 13 (1.76%) NetApp
14 10 (1.36%) Cognos
15 9 (1.22%) Pega
16 8 (1.09%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud