Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 342 304 269
Rank change year-on-year -38 -35 +77
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 634 879 948
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.72% 0.87% 0.97%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 3.34% 3.82% 4.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 389 614 594
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% +4.65%
10th Percentile £363 £352 £325
90th Percentile £625 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £432 £400
% change year-on-year +4.29% +7.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 3 8
UK median hourly rate £49.75 £45.00 £24.24
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.56% +85.62% -40.51%
10th Percentile £38.85 £24.40 £20.26
90th Percentile £60.00 £71.00 £37.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.75 £45.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year +10.56% +87.50% -41.10%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 18,993 22,995 21,968
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.60% 22.74% 22.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,894 16,124 14,664
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £305
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 258 233 276
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £28.00 £29.81
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% -6.07% +0.97%
10th Percentile £12.71 £13.30 £12.44
90th Percentile £60.00 £56.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £27.45 £31.00
% change year-on-year +27.50% -11.45% +8.77%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -37 529 £525 -2.55% 162
London -24 331 £550 - 74
UK excluding London -36 295 £450 +4.29% 102
South East +17 94 £470 +4.44% 28
Scotland +15 72 £444 +7.58% 10
North of England +4 49 £494 +23.44% 19
North West +12 28 £485 +21.25% 11
South West -31 24 £420 +1.82% 18
Yorkshire +13 20 £494 +16.18% 3
Midlands +11 15 £404 -1.52% 10
Wales -4 14 £450 -5.26% 3
Northern Ireland -10 14 £460 +6.60% 2
East of England +1 13 £425 -5.56% 13
West Midlands +23 9 £400 -11.11% 5
East Midlands +9 6 £404 +12.15% 5
North East +23 1 - - 5

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 634 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 296 (46.69%) Java
3 283 (44.64%) SQL
3 283 (44.64%) Agile Software Development
4 243 (38.33%) Oracle
5 189 (29.81%) MySQL
6 186 (29.34%) DevOps
7 174 (27.44%) Linux
8 165 (26.03%) AWS
9 161 (25.39%) Python
10 149 (23.50%) SQL Server
11 147 (23.19%) NoSQL
12 146 (23.03%) Microservices
13 123 (19.40%) Finance
14 118 (18.61%) Unix
14 118 (18.61%) Continuous Integration
15 117 (18.45%) PostgreSQL
16 115 (18.14%) JavaScript
17 114 (17.98%) Docker
18 110 (17.35%) Git (software)
19 109 (17.19%) Jenkins
20 100 (15.77%) Test Automation
21 96 (15.14%) Software Engineering
22 93 (14.67%) Oracle Database
23 90 (14.20%) Azure
24 86 (13.56%) Scrum
25 85 (13.41%) Web Services
25 85 (13.41%) JIRA
25 85 (13.41%) MongoDB
26 84 (13.25%) Kubernetes

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (8.68%) Confluence
2 42 (6.62%) Apache
3 32 (5.05%) Apache Spark
4 22 (3.47%) Tomcat
5 16 (2.52%) Elasticsearch
6 14 (2.21%) JBoss
7 10 (1.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 9 (1.42%) Apache Airflow
8 9 (1.42%) NetWeaver
9 8 (1.26%) WebSphere
10 7 (1.10%) SharePoint
11 5 (0.79%) nginx
12 4 (0.63%) Luigi
12 4 (0.63%) SAP EP
12 4 (0.63%) WebLogic
12 4 (0.63%) WordPress
13 3 (0.47%) CMS
13 3 (0.47%) Documentum
13 3 (0.47%) IIS
13 3 (0.47%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 10 (1.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.32%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.16%) Windchill
4 1 (0.16%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 16 (2.52%) Sonata
2 8 (1.26%) PolarLake
3 6 (0.95%) Markit EDM
3 6 (0.95%) Oracle Applications
4 5 (0.79%) Adobe Campaign
4 5 (0.79%) Oracle EBS
4 5 (0.79%) Oracle EBS R12
5 4 (0.63%) SAP ERP
5 4 (0.63%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.32%) SAP BPC
6 2 (0.32%) Summit
7 1 (0.16%) Cognos TM1
7 1 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.16%) GoldMine
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle Utilities
7 1 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 165 (26.03%) AWS
2 90 (14.20%) Azure
3 42 (6.62%) GCP
4 34 (5.36%) Power Platform
5 31 (4.89%) Amazon S3
5 31 (4.89%) SaaS
6 25 (3.94%) GitHub
7 23 (3.63%) Serverless
8 22 (3.47%) Amazon SQS
9 21 (3.31%) Amazon EC2
9 21 (3.31%) PaaS
10 20 (3.15%) AWS Lambda
11 18 (2.84%) AWS CloudFormation
12 17 (2.68%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
13 11 (1.74%) OpenShift
14 9 (1.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 9 (1.42%) Amazon Kinesis
14 9 (1.42%) IaaS
15 7 (1.10%) Google Analytics
16 6 (0.95%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 65 (10.25%) HTTP
2 50 (7.89%) DNS
3 39 (6.15%) FTP
3 39 (6.15%) TCP/IP
4 38 (5.99%) DHCP
4 38 (5.99%) SSL
5 36 (5.68%) IPsec
6 13 (2.05%) WAN
7 12 (1.89%) Internet
8 8 (1.26%) Firewall
8 8 (1.26%) LAN
9 5 (0.79%) Skype
10 2 (0.32%) Extranet
10 2 (0.32%) Intranet
10 2 (0.32%) NAS
10 2 (0.32%) SAN
10 2 (0.32%) Software-Defined Networking
11 1 (0.16%) Ethernet
11 1 (0.16%) Intrusion Detection
11 1 (0.16%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 634 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 189 (29.81%) MySQL
3 149 (23.50%) SQL Server
4 147 (23.19%) NoSQL
5 117 (18.45%) PostgreSQL
6 93 (14.67%) Oracle Database
7 85 (13.41%) MongoDB
8 71 (11.20%) Big Data
9 63 (9.94%) Data Warehouse
10 47 (7.41%) Hadoop
11 36 (5.68%) Amazon RDS
11 36 (5.68%) Apache Cassandra
11 36 (5.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 35 (5.52%) Oracle Database 12c
13 34 (5.36%) Power BI
14 30 (4.73%) Oracle Database 11g
15 29 (4.57%) DB2
16 25 (3.94%) Amazon Redshift
17 23 (3.63%) Amazon Aurora
18 22 (3.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 110 (17.35%) Git (software)
2 109 (17.19%) Jenkins
3 85 (13.41%) JIRA
4 38 (5.99%) JUnit
5 33 (5.21%) Travis CI
5 33 (5.21%) Visual Studio Team System
6 26 (4.10%) Mockito
7 25 (3.94%) Maven
8 19 (3.00%) Cucumber
8 19 (3.00%) SonarQube
9 18 (2.84%) Subversion
10 17 (2.68%) TeamCity
11 16 (2.52%) Selenium
12 12 (1.89%) Visual Studio
13 10 (1.58%) Bitbucket
13 10 (1.58%) Checkstyle
14 8 (1.26%) Liquibase
15 7 (1.10%) GitLab
15 7 (1.10%) Sonatype Nexus
15 7 (1.10%) Spock
General
1 123 (19.40%) Finance
2 62 (9.78%) Banking
3 34 (5.36%) Public Sector
4 32 (5.05%) Investment Banking
5 27 (4.26%) Marketing
6 20 (3.15%) Legal
7 17 (2.68%) Games
8 16 (2.52%) Front Office
9 15 (2.37%) Retail
10 6 (0.95%) Publishing
11 5 (0.79%) Telecoms
12 4 (0.63%) Automotive
12 4 (0.63%) Online Betting
13 3 (0.47%) Manufacturing
14 2 (0.32%) Aerospace
14 2 (0.32%) Electronics
14 2 (0.32%) Financial Institution
14 2 (0.32%) Law
15 1 (0.16%) Advertising
15 1 (0.16%) Military
Job Titles
1 237 (37.38%) Developer
2 111 (17.51%) Java Developer
3 67 (10.57%) DevOps Engineer
4 51 (8.04%) Architect
5 49 (7.73%) DBA
6 44 (6.94%) Software Engineer
7 42 (6.62%) Consultant
8 38 (5.99%) AWS Developer
8 38 (5.99%) AWS Engineer
9 34 (5.36%) Java Engineer
10 33 (5.21%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 33 (5.21%) Java Software Engineer
11 32 (5.05%) Analyst
11 32 (5.05%) Data Engineer
11 32 (5.05%) Java Software Developer
12 26 (4.10%) Oracle DBA
13 24 (3.79%) AWS Software Engineer
13 24 (3.79%) Senior Developer
14 23 (3.63%) J2EE Developer
14 23 (3.63%) Java/J2EE Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (13.41%) Web Services
2 76 (11.99%) HTML
3 74 (11.67%) Spring
4 73 (11.51%) XML
5 65 (10.25%) RESTful
6 60 (9.46%) J2EE
7 59 (9.31%) JSON
8 48 (7.57%) CSS
9 46 (7.26%) .NET
10 44 (6.94%) J2SE
11 43 (6.78%) REST
12 36 (5.68%) AngularJS
13 33 (5.21%) React
14 32 (5.05%) Kafka
15 26 (4.10%) Hibernate
15 26 (4.10%) JMS
16 25 (3.94%) Akka
17 22 (3.47%) Pandas
18 21 (3.31%) HTML5
18 21 (3.31%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 55 (8.68%) Analytical Skills
2 26 (4.10%) Clustering
2 26 (4.10%) Greenfield Project
3 24 (3.79%) Self-Motivation
4 21 (3.31%) Public Cloud
5 20 (3.15%) Management Information System
6 18 (2.84%) Pricing Data
7 16 (2.52%) Algorithms
8 14 (2.21%) Credit Risk
8 14 (2.21%) Derivative
9 13 (2.05%) Equities
10 12 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
10 12 (1.89%) Linux Command Line
10 12 (1.89%) Replication
11 9 (1.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 8 (1.26%) Fixed Income
12 8 (1.26%) Online Games
13 7 (1.10%) Enterprise Storage
14 6 (0.95%) Data Structures
14 6 (0.95%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 174 (27.44%) Linux
2 118 (18.61%) Unix
3 53 (8.36%) Windows
4 21 (3.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 18 (2.84%) CentOS
6 10 (1.58%) Ubuntu
6 10 (1.58%) Windows Server
7 6 (0.95%) AIX
8 5 (0.79%) Oracle Linux
8 5 (0.79%) Solaris
9 4 (0.63%) Mac OS X
9 4 (0.63%) VMS
10 3 (0.47%) Android
10 3 (0.47%) Apple iOS
11 1 (0.16%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.16%) Debian
11 1 (0.16%) SUSE
11 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 283 (44.64%) Agile Software Development
2 186 (29.34%) DevOps
3 146 (23.03%) Microservices
4 118 (18.61%) Continuous Integration
5 100 (15.77%) Test Automation
6 96 (15.14%) Software Engineering
7 86 (13.56%) Scrum
8 80 (12.62%) OO
9 65 (10.25%) Configuration Management
9 65 (10.25%) Migration
10 64 (10.09%) Analytics
11 63 (9.94%) TDD
12 59 (9.31%) Business Intelligence
13 58 (9.15%) ETL
14 55 (8.68%) Open Source
15 54 (8.52%) Problem-Solving
16 49 (7.73%) Data Modelling
16 49 (7.73%) OOP
17 47 (7.41%) Kanban
17 47 (7.41%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 296 (46.69%) Java
2 283 (44.64%) SQL
3 161 (25.39%) Python
4 115 (18.14%) JavaScript
5 60 (9.46%) Shell Script
6 50 (7.89%) C#
7 38 (5.99%) Perl
8 37 (5.84%) Java 8
9 36 (5.68%) Bash Shell
10 35 (5.52%) PHP
11 34 (5.36%) C++
12 33 (5.21%) Scala
13 32 (5.05%) PL/SQL
14 25 (3.94%) PowerShell
15 17 (2.68%) Ruby
16 13 (2.05%) T-SQL
17 10 (1.58%) JPQL
17 10 (1.58%) VB
18 8 (1.26%) C
18 8 (1.26%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 61 (9.62%) Security Cleared
2 49 (7.73%) SC Cleared
3 31 (4.89%) Degree
4 14 (2.21%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (1.10%) BPSS Clearance
5 7 (1.10%) DV Cleared
6 6 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
7 5 (0.79%) Oracle Certification
8 4 (0.63%) OCP
8 4 (0.63%) TOGAF Certification
9 3 (0.47%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.32%) BC Cleared
10 2 (0.32%) CCNA
10 2 (0.32%) CEH
10 2 (0.32%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.32%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.16%) HNC
11 1 (0.16%) HND
11 1 (0.16%) MCSA
11 1 (0.16%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (3.15%) QA
2 10 (1.58%) Data Quality
3 4 (0.63%) Disclosure Scotland
3 4 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.32%) HL7
5 1 (0.16%) Def Stans
5 1 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.16%) EMIR
5 1 (0.16%) GDPR
5 1 (0.16%) MiFID
5 1 (0.16%) NCSC
5 1 (0.16%) NIST
5 1 (0.16%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.16%) SLA
System Software
1 114 (17.98%) Docker
2 33 (5.21%) Virtual Machines
3 25 (3.94%) Oracle RAC
4 21 (3.31%) Active Directory
5 7 (1.10%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.79%) HDFS
7 4 (0.63%) Apache Flume
7 4 (0.63%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 1 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.16%) vSphere
8 1 (0.16%) Xen
8 1 (0.16%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 84 (13.25%) Kubernetes
2 69 (10.88%) Puppet
3 68 (10.73%) Opscode Chef
4 53 (8.36%) Ansible
5 48 (7.57%) Terraform
6 18 (2.84%) Oracle RMAN
7 15 (2.37%) Data Guard
8 8 (1.26%) Grafana
8 8 (1.26%) Nagios
8 8 (1.26%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 7 (1.10%) Kibana
10 6 (0.95%) Docker Swarm
10 6 (0.95%) SCCM
10 6 (0.95%) Single Sign-On
11 4 (0.63%) Control-M
11 4 (0.63%) NetBackup
11 4 (0.63%) Packer
11 4 (0.63%) Salt
11 4 (0.63%) Suricata
12 2 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 243 (38.33%) Oracle
2 78 (12.30%) Microsoft
3 45 (7.10%) Google
4 36 (5.68%) IBM
5 34 (5.36%) Red Hat
5 34 (5.36%) Sybase
6 33 (5.21%) Atlassian
7 26 (4.10%) SAP
8 22 (3.47%) Tableau
9 18 (2.84%) Informatica
10 13 (2.05%) Adobe
10 13 (2.05%) VMware
11 11 (1.74%) Cloudera
12 10 (1.58%) NetApp
13 9 (1.42%) Bloomberg
13 9 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
14 7 (1.10%) EMC
14 7 (1.10%) Zend
15 6 (0.95%) Ab Initio
15 6 (0.95%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud