Period
to 25 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 25 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK
6 months to
25 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 422 373 395
Rank change year-on-year -49 +22 -79
Contract jobs citing RDBMS 494 241 421
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.56% 0.58% 0.59%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.65% 2.64% 2.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 310 151 236
10th Percentile £400 £350 £338
25th Percentile £475 £386 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £565 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +18.95% -5.00% -
75th Percentile £688 £575 £588
90th Percentile £763 £650 £653
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £430 £431
% change year-on-year +10.47% -0.23% -2.87%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 0
10th Percentile £10.90 - -
25th Percentile £16.75 - -
Median hourly rate £33.75 £55.00 -
Median % change year-on-year -38.64% - -
75th Percentile £54.69 - -
90th Percentile £65.38 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.75 - -

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 18,624 9,121 15,365
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.22% 21.81% 21.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,268 6,283 10,473
10th Percentile £363 £313 £315
25th Percentile £435 £390 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +2.63% -
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £725 £663 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £440
% change year-on-year +11.76% -3.41% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 205 181 212
10th Percentile £16.94 £13.99 £12.78
25th Percentile £24.50 £19.63 £17.83
Median hourly rate £43.95 £26.50 £26.00
Median % change year-on-year +65.85% +1.92% -2.44%
75th Percentile £62.15 £48.75 £42.63
90th Percentile £72.30 £62.00 £54.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.34 £23.62 £22.77
% change year-on-year +83.45% +3.73% -12.41%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Daily rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 25 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing RDBMS.

Hourly rate trend for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing RDBMS over the 6 months to 25 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for RDBMS in the UK

RDBMS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the UK over the 6 months to 25 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -50 393 £575 +15.00% 119
London -76 254 £600 +11.63% 57
UK excluding London -70 140 £475 +10.47% 72
Work from Home -100 106 £575 +27.78% 16
South East -38 45 £500 +63.93% 16
North of England -55 24 £465 +3.33% 27
Midlands -57 24 £488 +2.63% 8
Scotland -54 18 £450 +27.66% 9
South West -44 15 £150 -72.36% 4
North West -50 15 £450 - 16
East Midlands -22 14 £488 +30.00% 1
West Midlands -52 10 £475 +5.56% 7
East of England -35 8 £350 -28.21% 6
Yorkshire -39 7 £725 - 9
Northern Ireland +3 5 £475 +10.34% 1
North East -3 2 £475 - 2
Wales -32 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 25 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 494 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 283 (57.29%) SQL
3 202 (40.89%) Oracle
4 185 (37.45%) Agile Software Development
5 152 (30.77%) Social Skills
6 151 (30.57%) SQL Server
7 146 (29.55%) Finance
8 142 (28.74%) NoSQL
9 139 (28.14%) Java
10 131 (26.52%) AWS
11 128 (25.91%) Microservices
12 127 (25.71%) CI/CD
13 112 (22.67%) Python
14 106 (21.46%) Data Modelling
15 105 (21.26%) JavaScript
16 104 (21.05%) ETL
17 98 (19.84%) Analytics
17 98 (19.84%) Azure
18 93 (18.83%) Business Intelligence
19 92 (18.62%) JIRA
20 85 (17.21%) DevOps
21 83 (16.80%) Git (software)
21 83 (16.80%) PostgreSQL
22 80 (16.19%) Big Data
23 79 (15.99%) Kafka
24 77 (15.59%) Data Warehouse
24 77 (15.59%) HTML
25 74 (14.98%) Problem-Solving
26 73 (14.78%) Spring
27 68 (13.77%) Jenkins

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (8.50%) Apache Spark
2 30 (6.07%) Tomcat
3 22 (4.45%) Confluence
3 22 (4.45%) Elasticsearch
4 19 (3.85%) Apache
5 15 (3.04%) Jupyter
6 14 (2.83%) WebLogic
7 11 (2.23%) GemFire
8 10 (2.02%) JBoss
9 8 (1.62%) SharePoint
10 7 (1.42%) nginx
10 7 (1.42%) Red Hat Fuse
11 6 (1.21%) WebSphere
12 5 (1.01%) Apache Airflow
13 4 (0.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 4 (0.81%) Oracle Workflow
14 3 (0.61%) CMS
14 3 (0.61%) IIS
14 3 (0.61%) LiveCycle
15 2 (0.40%) SAS
Applications
1 26 (5.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.20%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 9 (1.82%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 5 (1.01%) Oracle EBS
3 4 (0.81%) Endur
3 4 (0.81%) Oracle 11i
3 4 (0.81%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 4 (0.81%) SAP S/4HANA
4 2 (0.40%) Magento
4 2 (0.40%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.20%) Cerner Millennium
5 1 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.20%) Maximo
5 1 (0.20%) Misys Midas
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.20%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.20%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 131 (26.52%) AWS
2 98 (19.84%) Azure
3 63 (12.75%) Power Platform
4 33 (6.68%) GCP
5 30 (6.07%) Amazon S3
6 29 (5.87%) Serverless
7 24 (4.86%) GitHub
8 21 (4.25%) Azure Data Factory
9 17 (3.44%) AWS Lambda
10 16 (3.24%) Amazon EMR
11 15 (3.04%) Cloud Computing
11 15 (3.04%) PaaS
11 15 (3.04%) SaaS
12 14 (2.83%) Azure Synapse Analytics
13 13 (2.63%) OpenShift
13 13 (2.63%) Snowflake
14 10 (2.02%) Collibra
15 8 (1.62%) Azure Functions
15 8 (1.62%) Microsoft 365
16 7 (1.42%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 13 (2.63%) HTTP
2 8 (1.62%) TCP/IP
3 7 (1.42%) Network Security
4 5 (1.01%) DNS
4 5 (1.01%) Firewall
4 5 (1.01%) Internet
4 5 (1.01%) SSL
5 4 (0.81%) FTP
6 2 (0.40%) BIG-IP
6 2 (0.40%) InfiniBand
6 2 (0.40%) Kerberos
6 2 (0.40%) Radio Access Network
7 1 (0.20%) AMQP
7 1 (0.20%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.20%) MQTT
7 1 (0.20%) SAN
7 1 (0.20%) Telnet
7 1 (0.20%) VPN
7 1 (0.20%) Wireless
7 1 (0.20%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 494 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 151 (30.57%) SQL Server
3 142 (28.74%) NoSQL
4 83 (16.80%) PostgreSQL
5 80 (16.19%) Big Data
6 77 (15.59%) Data Warehouse
7 67 (13.56%) Oracle Database
8 62 (12.55%) Power BI
9 51 (10.32%) Tableau
10 49 (9.92%) MongoDB
11 47 (9.51%) Data Lake
12 37 (7.49%) MySQL
13 36 (7.29%) Hadoop
14 33 (6.68%) Metadata
15 32 (6.48%) Apache Cassandra
16 28 (5.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 26 (5.26%) Amazon Redshift
18 22 (4.45%) HBase
19 21 (4.25%) Redis
19 21 (4.25%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 92 (18.62%) JIRA
2 83 (16.80%) Git (software)
3 68 (13.77%) Jenkins
4 28 (5.67%) Maven
5 22 (4.45%) JUnit
6 18 (3.64%) Cucumber
7 17 (3.44%) TeamCity
8 16 (3.24%) ERwin
9 15 (3.04%) Selenium
10 14 (2.83%) Eclipse
10 14 (2.83%) ER Studio
11 12 (2.43%) Bitbucket
11 12 (2.43%) Gradle
11 12 (2.43%) JMeter
11 12 (2.43%) Visual Studio
12 11 (2.23%) Jasmine
13 10 (2.02%) Artifactory
13 10 (2.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 10 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
14 9 (1.82%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 152 (30.77%) Social Skills
2 146 (29.55%) Finance
3 67 (13.56%) Analytical Skills
4 63 (12.75%) Banking
5 34 (6.88%) Investment Banking
6 31 (6.28%) Presentation Skills
7 25 (5.06%) Front Office
8 21 (4.25%) Legal
9 20 (4.05%) Public Sector
10 15 (3.04%) Pharmaceutical
11 12 (2.43%) Financial Institution
11 12 (2.43%) Public Speaking
12 9 (1.82%) Marketing
12 9 (1.82%) Telecoms
13 7 (1.42%) Retail
14 6 (1.21%) Documentation Skills
14 6 (1.21%) Organisational Skills
15 5 (1.01%) Influencing Skills
16 4 (0.81%) Aerospace
17 2 (0.40%) Games
Job Titles
1 199 (40.28%) Developer
2 73 (14.78%) Architect
3 62 (12.55%) Java Developer
4 43 (8.70%) Data Engineer
5 42 (8.50%) Solutions Architect
6 36 (7.29%) Analyst
7 31 (6.28%) DBA
8 30 (6.07%) Data Modeller
9 27 (5.47%) Full Stack Developer
9 27 (5.47%) Senior Developer
10 25 (5.06%) Data Architect
11 21 (4.25%) Senior Java Developer
12 20 (4.05%) Applications Support
13 16 (3.24%) Java Engineer
14 15 (3.04%) .NET Developer
14 15 (3.04%) Oracle DBA
14 15 (3.04%) Python Engineer
15 14 (2.83%) Business Analyst
15 14 (2.83%) Python Developer
16 13 (2.63%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (15.99%) Kafka
2 77 (15.59%) HTML
3 73 (14.78%) Spring
4 64 (12.96%) CSS
5 60 (12.15%) React
6 58 (11.74%) XML
7 53 (10.73%) .NET
7 53 (10.73%) REST
8 47 (9.51%) AngularJS
9 46 (9.31%) JSON
10 42 (8.50%) Spring Boot
11 39 (7.89%) Web Services
12 36 (7.29%) Node.js
13 31 (6.28%) RESTful
14 29 (5.87%) HTML5
15 28 (5.67%) jQuery
16 24 (4.86%) SOAP
17 22 (4.45%) Middleware
18 20 (4.05%) gRPC
18 20 (4.05%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 33 (6.68%) Data Structures
1 33 (6.68%) Reference Data
2 27 (5.47%) User Experience
3 22 (4.45%) Fixed Income
4 19 (3.85%) Management Information System
5 18 (3.64%) Derivative
5 18 (3.64%) Self-Motivation
6 17 (3.44%) Enterprise Software
7 16 (3.24%) Algorithms
8 12 (2.43%) Credit Derivative
8 12 (2.43%) Equity Derivative
8 12 (2.43%) FMCG
8 12 (2.43%) N-Tier
8 12 (2.43%) OTC Derivatives
9 10 (2.02%) Legacy Systems
9 10 (2.02%) Virtual Team
10 8 (1.62%) Data Protection Act
10 8 (1.62%) Hedge funds
10 8 (1.62%) Public Cloud
11 7 (1.42%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 61 (12.35%) Linux
2 49 (9.92%) Unix
3 38 (7.69%) Windows
4 14 (2.83%) Windows Server
5 11 (2.23%) Solaris
6 9 (1.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 8 (1.62%) AIX
8 5 (1.01%) HPUX
9 4 (0.81%) VMS
10 2 (0.40%) VME
10 2 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.20%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 185 (37.45%) Agile Software Development
2 128 (25.91%) Microservices
3 127 (25.71%) CI/CD
4 106 (21.46%) Data Modelling
5 104 (21.05%) ETL
6 98 (19.84%) Analytics
7 93 (18.83%) Business Intelligence
8 85 (17.21%) DevOps
9 74 (14.98%) Problem-Solving
10 54 (10.93%) TDD
11 53 (10.73%) SDLC
12 50 (10.12%) Full Stack Development
13 49 (9.92%) Data Engineering
13 49 (9.92%) Migration
14 47 (9.51%) Scrum
15 46 (9.31%) Visualisation
16 45 (9.11%) Software Engineering
17 41 (8.30%) Data Analysis
17 41 (8.30%) Logical Data Model
17 41 (8.30%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 283 (57.29%) SQL
2 139 (28.14%) Java
3 112 (22.67%) Python
4 105 (21.26%) JavaScript
5 57 (11.54%) C#
6 41 (8.30%) Java 8
7 34 (6.88%) PL/SQL
8 31 (6.28%) PowerShell
9 27 (5.47%) TypeScript
10 25 (5.06%) Shell Script
11 22 (4.45%) Bash
12 20 (4.05%) Scala
13 18 (3.64%) VBA
14 17 (3.44%) T-SQL
15 16 (3.24%) Groovy
15 16 (3.24%) Perl
16 15 (3.04%) C
17 13 (2.63%) C++
18 10 (2.02%) VB
19 9 (1.82%) R
Qualifications
1 56 (11.34%) Security Cleared
2 42 (8.50%) SC Cleared
3 34 (6.88%) Degree
4 10 (2.02%) BPSS Clearance
5 6 (1.21%) AWS Certification
5 6 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (1.01%) OCP
6 5 (1.01%) Oracle Certification
7 4 (0.81%) CEH
7 4 (0.81%) CISA
7 4 (0.81%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.81%) GIAC
7 4 (0.81%) ISEB
7 4 (0.81%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 4 (0.81%) OSCE
7 4 (0.81%) OSCP
8 2 (0.40%) PMP
9 1 (0.20%) FFIEC
9 1 (0.20%) PhD
9 1 (0.20%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (6.88%) Data Quality
2 14 (2.83%) Accessibility
2 14 (2.83%) GDPR
2 14 (2.83%) QA
3 12 (2.43%) Dodd-Frank
4 11 (2.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (1.21%) NIST
6 4 (0.81%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 2 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.20%) DICOM
8 1 (0.20%) GLBA
8 1 (0.20%) HL7
8 1 (0.20%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.20%) SLA
System Software
1 65 (13.16%) Docker
2 15 (3.04%) Oracle RAC
3 11 (2.23%) HDFS
4 10 (2.02%) Active Directory
5 5 (1.01%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 5 (1.01%) Hyper-V
5 5 (1.01%) Oracle Clusterware
5 5 (1.01%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.81%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 1 (0.20%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.20%) Firmware
7 1 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 50 (10.12%) Kubernetes
2 28 (5.67%) Terraform
3 17 (3.44%) Kibana
4 16 (3.24%) Ansible
4 16 (3.24%) Oracle RMAN
5 14 (2.83%) Data Guard
5 14 (2.83%) logstash
6 11 (2.23%) Graphite
7 10 (2.02%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 9 (1.82%) Grafana
9 8 (1.62%) Prometheus
10 7 (1.42%) Opscode Chef
10 7 (1.42%) Rancher
11 5 (1.01%) Hadoop YARN
11 5 (1.01%) HP ALM
11 5 (1.01%) Puppet
12 4 (0.81%) HP Fortify
12 4 (0.81%) WebInspect
13 3 (0.61%) Oozie
14 2 (0.40%) Oracle ZFS
Vendors
1 202 (40.89%) Oracle
2 61 (12.35%) Microsoft
3 27 (5.47%) Cloudera
4 26 (5.26%) Talend
5 20 (4.05%) Databricks
6 17 (3.44%) Alteryx
6 17 (3.44%) Google
6 17 (3.44%) Sybase
7 13 (2.63%) Dataiku
8 12 (2.43%) Informatica
8 12 (2.43%) Teradata
9 11 (2.23%) SAP
10 10 (2.02%) Murex
10 10 (2.02%) Red Hat
10 10 (2.02%) Splunk
11 9 (1.82%) Sparx
12 8 (1.62%) Dynatrace
12 8 (1.62%) TIBCO
13 7 (1.42%) IBM
13 7 (1.42%) Salesforce.com