Period
to 24 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 24 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 473 386 376
Rank change year-on-year -87 -10 -10
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 325 884 1,185
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.49% 0.78% 0.86%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 1.81% 2.89% 2.98%
Number of salaries quoted 318 739 1,024
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £40,000 £32,500 £36,250
90th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £63,750 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +10.87% +4.55% -

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 17,944 30,585 39,821
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 27.07% 26.98% 28.74%
Number of salaries quoted 15,061 25,514 33,332
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £88,750 £90,000 £85,450
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Salary trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2021.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 24 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 190 £72,500 -7.94% 36
South East -27 52 £60,000 +25.00% 23
North of England -9 42 £52,500 +5.00% 20
Midlands +58 24 £45,000 +12.50% 7
Yorkshire -10 19 £47,500 -5.00% 9
North West +22 18 £55,000 -18.93% 7
West Midlands +44 15 £47,250 +18.87% 7
East Midlands +50 9 £42,500 -19.05%
East of England +42 8 £62,500 +13.64% 2
South West 0 7 £42,500 +6.25% 11
North East +22 5 £51,218 - 4
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 24 February 2021, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 325 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 165 (50.77%) Agile Software Development
3 153 (47.08%) SQL
4 143 (44.00%) Finance
5 114 (35.08%) Python
6 107 (32.92%) Java
6 107 (32.92%) SQL Server
6 107 (32.92%) AWS
7 103 (31.69%) NoSQL
8 90 (27.69%) MySQL
9 86 (26.46%) Microservices
10 84 (25.85%) Oracle
11 82 (25.23%) Linux
12 79 (24.31%) Git (software)
13 72 (22.15%) Software Engineering
14 69 (21.23%) PostgreSQL
15 68 (20.92%) JavaScript
15 68 (20.92%) Degree
16 62 (19.08%) Docker
17 59 (18.15%) Banking
18 58 (17.85%) Test Automation
19 57 (17.54%) RESTful
19 57 (17.54%) Problem-Solving
20 56 (17.23%) Azure
20 56 (17.23%) Computer Science
21 55 (16.92%) Scrum
22 54 (16.62%) C#
23 52 (16.00%) HTML
23 52 (16.00%) DevOps
23 52 (16.00%) Kubernetes

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (6.46%) Apache Spark
2 20 (6.15%) Confluence
3 15 (4.62%) Apache
4 12 (3.69%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (2.46%) Tomcat
6 4 (1.23%) SAS
7 3 (0.92%) CMS
7 3 (0.92%) JBoss
7 3 (0.92%) Jupyter
8 2 (0.62%) IIS
8 2 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.31%) Apache Airflow
9 1 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
9 1 (0.31%) GlassFish
9 1 (0.31%) SharePoint
9 1 (0.31%) WebSphere
9 1 (0.31%) WordPress
Applications
1 4 (1.23%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.31%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.31%) Weka
Business Applications
1 4 (1.23%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.92%) HFM
2 3 (0.92%) Oracle Applications
2 3 (0.92%) Oracle Assets
2 3 (0.92%) Oracle ERP
2 3 (0.92%) Oracle General Ledger
2 3 (0.92%) Oracle Payables
2 3 (0.92%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
2 3 (0.92%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 107 (32.92%) AWS
2 56 (17.23%) Azure
3 36 (11.08%) Serverless
4 35 (10.77%) Amazon ECS
5 32 (9.85%) Amazon EC2
6 30 (9.23%) AWS Lambda
7 29 (8.92%) GCP
8 18 (5.54%) SaaS
9 15 (4.62%) Cloud Computing
10 13 (4.00%) Slack
11 12 (3.69%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 9 (2.77%) Amazon Kinesis
12 9 (2.77%) Amazon S3
12 9 (2.77%) Power Platform
13 8 (2.46%) Amazon SQS
13 8 (2.46%) PaaS
14 6 (1.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 5 (1.54%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 5 (1.54%) AWS CloudFormation
15 5 (1.54%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 12 (3.69%) TCP/IP
2 9 (2.77%) HTTP
3 6 (1.85%) DNS
3 6 (1.85%) SAN
4 4 (1.23%) Firewall
4 4 (1.23%) ICMP
4 4 (1.23%) LAN
4 4 (1.23%) WAN
5 3 (0.92%) 802.11
5 3 (0.92%) DMZ
5 3 (0.92%) Fibre Channel
5 3 (0.92%) FTP
5 3 (0.92%) Internet
5 3 (0.92%) Reverse Proxy
5 3 (0.92%) SNMP
5 3 (0.92%) SSH
5 3 (0.92%) SSL
5 3 (0.92%) VPN
6 2 (0.62%) Kerberos
6 2 (0.62%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 325 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 107 (32.92%) SQL Server
3 103 (31.69%) NoSQL
4 90 (27.69%) MySQL
5 69 (21.23%) PostgreSQL
6 32 (9.85%) Data Warehouse
7 24 (7.38%) Amazon Aurora
8 23 (7.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 22 (6.77%) MongoDB
10 21 (6.46%) Big Data
11 20 (6.15%) Hadoop
12 18 (5.54%) Amazon Redshift
13 17 (5.23%) Oracle Database
13 17 (5.23%) SQL Server 2016
14 16 (4.92%) Tableau
15 14 (4.31%) DB2
15 14 (4.31%) Snowflake Schema
16 12 (3.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 11 (3.38%) BigQuery
17 11 (3.38%) Looker
Development Applications
1 79 (24.31%) Git (software)
2 28 (8.62%) JIRA
3 27 (8.31%) Jenkins
4 13 (4.00%) Team Foundation Server
5 11 (3.38%) Visual Studio
6 6 (1.85%) Maven
7 5 (1.54%) TeamCity
8 4 (1.23%) Bitbucket
8 4 (1.23%) GitLab
8 4 (1.23%) Octopus Deploy
8 4 (1.23%) SonarQube
8 4 (1.23%) Subversion
8 4 (1.23%) Visual Studio Coded UI
9 3 (0.92%) Artifactory
9 3 (0.92%) CircleCI
9 3 (0.92%) ERwin
9 3 (0.92%) JUnit
9 3 (0.92%) Oracle Forms
10 2 (0.62%) Gradle
10 2 (0.62%) Selenium
General
1 143 (44.00%) Finance
2 59 (18.15%) Banking
3 21 (6.46%) Marketing
4 16 (4.92%) Retail
5 14 (4.31%) Public Sector
6 8 (2.46%) Games
7 5 (1.54%) Law
8 4 (1.23%) Manufacturing
8 4 (1.23%) Telecoms
9 3 (0.92%) Advertising
9 3 (0.92%) Back Office
9 3 (0.92%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.92%) General Ledger
9 3 (0.92%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.62%) Automotive
10 2 (0.62%) Dutch Language
10 2 (0.62%) French Language
10 2 (0.62%) Front Office
10 2 (0.62%) German Language
10 2 (0.62%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 175 (53.85%) Developer
2 62 (19.08%) Java Developer
3 36 (11.08%) AWS Engineer
3 36 (11.08%) Software Engineer
4 32 (9.85%) Architect
4 32 (9.85%) AWS Developer
5 27 (8.31%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 25 (7.69%) AWS Software Engineer
7 24 (7.38%) Programmer
7 24 (7.38%) Python Developer
7 24 (7.38%) Software Programmer
8 23 (7.08%) Full Stack Developer
8 23 (7.08%) Senior Developer
8 23 (7.08%) Software Developer
9 22 (6.77%) Python Engineer
10 21 (6.46%) Digital Developer
11 18 (5.54%) Data Engineer
12 16 (4.92%) Java Software Developer
12 16 (4.92%) Python Software Engineer
12 16 (4.92%) Ruby Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 57 (17.54%) RESTful
2 52 (16.00%) HTML
3 49 (15.08%) gRPC
4 48 (14.77%) .NET
5 47 (14.46%) Spring
6 44 (13.54%) Web Services
7 42 (12.92%) CSS
7 42 (12.92%) React
8 38 (11.69%) Kafka
9 33 (10.15%) Spring Boot
10 31 (9.54%) AngularJS
11 30 (9.23%) REST
11 30 (9.23%) XML
12 27 (8.31%) GraphQL
13 26 (8.00%) JSON
14 23 (7.08%) HTML5
15 20 (6.15%) .NET Framework
16 17 (5.23%) WPF
17 16 (4.92%) Ruby on Rails
18 14 (4.31%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 38 (11.69%) Analytical Skills
2 24 (7.38%) Hedge funds
2 24 (7.38%) Pricing Data
3 21 (6.46%) Enterprise Software
3 21 (6.46%) Social Network
4 20 (6.15%) Fixed Income
5 18 (5.54%) Virtual Team
6 15 (4.62%) Self-Motivation
7 13 (4.00%) Clustering
8 11 (3.38%) NHS
9 8 (2.46%) Management Information System
9 8 (2.46%) User Experience
10 7 (2.15%) Derivative
11 6 (1.85%) Blog
11 6 (1.85%) Greenfield Project
12 4 (1.23%) Algorithms
12 4 (1.23%) Data Centre
12 4 (1.23%) Data Structures
13 3 (0.92%) Driving Licence
13 3 (0.92%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 82 (25.23%) Linux
2 35 (10.77%) Unix
3 23 (7.08%) Windows
4 6 (1.85%) Apple iOS
5 4 (1.23%) Android
5 4 (1.23%) CentOS
5 4 (1.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (1.23%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.92%) Oracle Linux
6 3 (0.92%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.62%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.62%) Solaris
7 2 (0.62%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 165 (50.77%) Agile Software Development
2 86 (26.46%) Microservices
3 72 (22.15%) Software Engineering
4 58 (17.85%) Test Automation
5 57 (17.54%) Problem-Solving
6 56 (17.23%) Computer Science
7 55 (16.92%) Scrum
8 52 (16.00%) DevOps
9 47 (14.46%) Asset Management
10 46 (14.15%) OO
11 39 (12.00%) Open Source
12 37 (11.38%) Continuous Improvement
13 36 (11.08%) ETL
14 35 (10.77%) Data Modelling
15 29 (8.92%) Business Intelligence
16 28 (8.62%) Data Management
17 26 (8.00%) Continuous Integration
17 26 (8.00%) Machine Learning
17 26 (8.00%) Project Delivery
18 24 (7.38%) Investment Management
Programming Languages
1 153 (47.08%) SQL
2 114 (35.08%) Python
3 107 (32.92%) Java
4 68 (20.92%) JavaScript
5 54 (16.62%) C#
6 34 (10.46%) Scala
7 30 (9.23%) Shell Script
8 22 (6.77%) Java 8
9 20 (6.15%) Ruby
10 19 (5.85%) PHP
10 19 (5.85%) T-SQL
11 15 (4.62%) PowerShell
12 14 (4.31%) VB
13 12 (3.69%) PL/SQL
14 11 (3.38%) Go
14 11 (3.38%) R
15 8 (2.46%) Groovy
16 7 (2.15%) Kotlin
17 6 (1.85%) Perl
18 4 (1.23%) sed
Qualifications
1 68 (20.92%) Degree
2 40 (12.31%) Computer Science Degree
3 13 (4.00%) Security Cleared
4 8 (2.46%) CTC Cleared
5 4 (1.23%) AWS Certification
5 4 (1.23%) Master's Degree
6 3 (0.92%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
7 2 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.31%) FFIEC
8 1 (0.31%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (9.23%) QA
2 10 (3.08%) GDPR
3 6 (1.85%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.92%) NIST
5 2 (0.62%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.62%) SLA
6 1 (0.31%) GLBA
6 1 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 62 (19.08%) Docker
2 8 (2.46%) Oracle RAC
3 4 (1.23%) Active Directory
3 4 (1.23%) HDFS
3 4 (1.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.92%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.62%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.62%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.62%) Microsoft Virtual Server
5 2 (0.62%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.31%) Lustre
6 1 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 52 (16.00%) Kubernetes
2 16 (4.92%) Terraform
3 13 (4.00%) Ansible
4 10 (3.08%) Oracle RMAN
5 5 (1.54%) Opscode Chef
6 4 (1.23%) Consul
6 4 (1.23%) Data Guard
6 4 (1.23%) Grafana
6 4 (1.23%) Puppet
6 4 (1.23%) Single Sign-On
6 4 (1.23%) systemd
7 3 (0.92%) Hadoop YARN
7 3 (0.92%) Nagios
7 3 (0.92%) Oozie
7 3 (0.92%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 3 (0.92%) Prometheus
7 3 (0.92%) Zipkin
8 2 (0.62%) NetBackup
8 2 (0.62%) SCOrch
9 1 (0.31%) Kibana
Vendors
1 84 (25.85%) Oracle
2 45 (13.85%) Microsoft
3 38 (11.69%) Sybase
4 18 (5.54%) Google
5 15 (4.62%) Salesforce.com
6 12 (3.69%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
7 10 (3.08%) Informatica
8 8 (2.46%) Red Hat
9 7 (2.15%) Aareon
9 7 (2.15%) Cognos
9 7 (2.15%) Databricks
9 7 (2.15%) MicroStrategy
9 7 (2.15%) Sun
9 7 (2.15%) Talend
9 7 (2.15%) Telerik
10 6 (1.85%) SAP
10 6 (1.85%) TIBCO
11 4 (1.23%) Sparx
11 4 (1.23%) VMware
11 4 (1.23%) Zend