Period
to 26 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 26 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 403 401 383
Rank change year-on-year -2 -18 -31
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 799 282 1,067
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.75% 0.64% 0.82%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.65% 2.19% 3.00%
Number of salaries quoted 463 207 867
10th Percentile £39,200 £39,600 £33,500
25th Percentile £48,750 £46,250 £41,605
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.33% +9.09%
75th Percentile £84,375 £88,750 £80,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £110,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year - +13.04% +4.55%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 30,139 12,874 35,510
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 28.17% 29.02% 27.37%
Number of salaries quoted 19,785 10,910 29,593
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,950
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Salary trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2021.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 26 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -10 479 £75,000 -6.25% 52
South East -108 112 £60,000 -4.00% 13
North of England -91 68 £51,250 +11.41% 18
South West -47 63 £42,500 -15.84% 5
Midlands -109 43 £55,000 +10.00% 11
Yorkshire -75 39 £54,500 +19.78% 3
West Midlands -78 36 £51,865 +6.94% 6
North West -87 19 £50,000 -4.76% 11
East of England -87 18 £67,500 +3.85% 7
North East -23 10 £35,000 +7.69% 4
East Midlands -79 7 £65,000 +26.83% 5
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 26 September 2021, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 799 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 465 (58.20%) SQL
3 390 (48.81%) Agile Software Development
4 313 (39.17%) SQL Server
4 313 (39.17%) AWS
5 281 (35.17%) Java
6 279 (34.92%) Oracle
7 243 (30.41%) Azure
8 230 (28.79%) Social Skills
9 227 (28.41%) Python
10 224 (28.04%) Finance
11 220 (27.53%) PostgreSQL
12 217 (27.16%) JavaScript
13 197 (24.66%) Scrum
14 185 (23.15%) .NET
14 185 (23.15%) NoSQL
15 183 (22.90%) C#
16 180 (22.53%) Linux
16 180 (22.53%) Git (software)
17 164 (20.53%) Software Engineering
18 160 (20.03%) Problem-Solving
19 155 (19.40%) Docker
20 154 (19.27%) Spring
21 151 (18.90%) Microservices
22 148 (18.52%) MySQL
23 147 (18.40%) Microsoft
24 145 (18.15%) TDD
25 141 (17.65%) GCP
26 135 (16.90%) Kafka
27 134 (16.77%) DevOps

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (9.39%) WebLogic
2 46 (5.76%) Elasticsearch
3 29 (3.63%) Tomcat
4 27 (3.38%) Apache
5 22 (2.75%) Apache Spark
5 22 (2.75%) IIS
6 17 (2.13%) JBoss
7 15 (1.88%) SharePoint
8 14 (1.75%) Apache Airflow
9 10 (1.25%) Luigi
10 9 (1.13%) CMS
11 8 (1.00%) Apache Pig
12 7 (0.88%) Confluence
13 6 (0.75%) nginx
14 5 (0.63%) Jupyter
14 5 (0.63%) SAS
15 4 (0.50%) Oracle Workflow
16 3 (0.38%) Tornado
16 3 (0.38%) WordPress
17 2 (0.25%) Liferay
Applications
1 29 (3.63%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (2.00%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (1.75%) InVision
3 14 (1.75%) Sketch
4 5 (0.63%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.25%) Oracle Smart View
6 2 (0.25%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.25%) SPSS
6 2 (0.25%) Stata
Business Applications
1 14 (1.75%) IBM Planning Analytics
2 10 (1.25%) Primavera
3 9 (1.13%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle Assets
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle ERP
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle General Ledger
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle Payables
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
4 2 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.25%) Relativity
5 1 (0.13%) JDE EnterpriseOne
5 1 (0.13%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 313 (39.17%) AWS
2 243 (30.41%) Azure
3 141 (17.65%) GCP
4 71 (8.89%) Serverless
5 59 (7.38%) Power Platform
6 48 (6.01%) AWS Lambda
7 44 (5.51%) SaaS
8 41 (5.13%) Amazon ECS
9 40 (5.01%) Amazon EC2
10 33 (4.13%) GitHub
11 31 (3.88%) PaaS
12 30 (3.75%) IaaS
13 24 (3.00%) Amazon SQS
13 24 (3.00%) Snowflake
14 21 (2.63%) Amazon Kinesis
15 18 (2.25%) Azure Synapse Analytics
16 12 (1.50%) AWS CloudFormation
17 11 (1.38%) Matillion
17 11 (1.38%) Slack
17 11 (1.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 36 (4.51%) HTTP
2 30 (3.75%) Firewall
3 23 (2.88%) Network Security
4 21 (2.63%) TCP/IP
5 15 (1.88%) MQTT
6 14 (1.75%) DNS
7 13 (1.63%) SSL
8 10 (1.25%) VPN
9 9 (1.13%) 5G
9 9 (1.13%) Broadband
10 7 (0.88%) Internet
10 7 (0.88%) SMTP
11 6 (0.75%) SAN
12 3 (0.38%) Cisco ASA
12 3 (0.38%) Cisco Nexus
12 3 (0.38%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
12 3 (0.38%) LAN
12 3 (0.38%) NetScaler
12 3 (0.38%) SD-WAN
12 3 (0.38%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 799 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 313 (39.17%) SQL Server
3 220 (27.53%) PostgreSQL
4 185 (23.15%) NoSQL
5 148 (18.52%) MySQL
6 116 (14.52%) Oracle Database
7 89 (11.14%) Data Warehouse
8 82 (10.26%) Oracle Database 12c
9 79 (9.89%) Oracle Database 11g
10 74 (9.26%) Big Data
10 74 (9.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 70 (8.76%) Oracle Database 10g
12 67 (8.39%) DB2
13 59 (7.38%) Power BI
14 53 (6.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 52 (6.51%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 50 (6.26%) Tableau
17 43 (5.38%) MongoDB
17 43 (5.38%) Redis
18 37 (4.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 180 (22.53%) Git (software)
2 99 (12.39%) Jenkins
3 65 (8.14%) NUnit
4 63 (7.88%) Octopus Deploy
4 63 (7.88%) Team Foundation Server
5 48 (6.01%) Gradle
6 44 (5.51%) Postman
7 41 (5.13%) Eclipse
8 40 (5.01%) IntelliJ
9 38 (4.76%) Bitbucket Server
9 38 (4.76%) Cypress.io
10 37 (4.63%) Moq
11 35 (4.38%) Selenium
12 24 (3.00%) JIRA
13 23 (2.88%) SoapUI
14 22 (2.75%) JMeter
15 15 (1.88%) Log4Net
15 15 (1.88%) Newman
15 15 (1.88%) TestCafe
16 14 (1.75%) JUnit
General
1 230 (28.79%) Social Skills
2 224 (28.04%) Finance
3 92 (11.51%) Banking
4 76 (9.51%) Analytical Skills
5 38 (4.76%) Public Sector
6 35 (4.38%) Investment Banking
7 32 (4.01%) Telecoms
8 29 (3.63%) Presentation Skills
9 26 (3.25%) Games
9 26 (3.25%) Manufacturing
10 22 (2.75%) Marketing
11 16 (2.00%) Electronics
12 15 (1.88%) Retail
13 10 (1.25%) Law
13 10 (1.25%) Pharmaceutical
14 9 (1.13%) Organisational Skills
15 8 (1.00%) Automotive
16 7 (0.88%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 5 (0.63%) Financial Institution
17 5 (0.63%) Legal
Job Titles
1 371 (46.43%) Developer
2 104 (13.02%) Java Developer
2 104 (13.02%) Software Engineer
3 66 (8.26%) Architect
3 66 (8.26%) Oracle Developer
4 59 (7.38%) Senior Developer
5 57 (7.13%) Full Stack Developer
6 43 (5.38%) Python Engineer
7 42 (5.26%) AWS Developer
8 38 (4.76%) Analyst
9 37 (4.63%) Software Developer
10 36 (4.51%) DBA
11 35 (4.38%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 35 (4.38%) Java Engineer
12 33 (4.13%) AWS Engineer
12 33 (4.13%) Programmer
12 33 (4.13%) Python Software Engineer
13 32 (4.01%) AWS Software Engineer
13 32 (4.01%) Software Programmer
14 29 (3.63%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 185 (23.15%) .NET
2 154 (19.27%) Spring
3 135 (16.90%) Kafka
4 119 (14.89%) React
5 111 (13.89%) Node.js
6 99 (12.39%) REST
7 95 (11.89%) AngularJS
8 89 (11.14%) Spring Boot
9 88 (11.01%) HTML
10 81 (10.14%) ASP.NET
11 73 (9.14%) Web Services
12 66 (8.26%) .NET Framework
13 61 (7.63%) RESTful
14 58 (7.26%) RabbitMQ
15 51 (6.38%) XML
16 50 (6.26%) Jest
17 46 (5.76%) HTML5
18 40 (5.01%) gRPC
19 36 (4.51%) Django
19 36 (4.51%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 40 (5.01%) Derivative
2 38 (4.76%) Algorithms
3 37 (4.63%) Enterprise Software
4 32 (4.01%) Hedge funds
4 32 (4.01%) Pricing Data
4 32 (4.01%) User Experience
5 27 (3.38%) Clustering
6 20 (2.50%) Blog
7 18 (2.25%) Data Structures
8 17 (2.13%) Client/Server
9 14 (1.75%) Fixed Income
9 14 (1.75%) NHS
10 13 (1.63%) Management Information System
10 13 (1.63%) Replication
11 10 (1.25%) Cloud Native
11 10 (1.25%) Industrial Internet of Things
11 10 (1.25%) Robotics
12 9 (1.13%) Data Centre
12 9 (1.13%) Self-Motivation
12 9 (1.13%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 180 (22.53%) Linux
2 117 (14.64%) Windows
3 96 (12.02%) Unix
4 32 (4.01%) Android
4 32 (4.01%) Apple iOS
5 28 (3.50%) Windows Server
6 15 (1.88%) Mac OS X
7 10 (1.25%) Solaris
7 10 (1.25%) Windows Server 2012
7 10 (1.25%) Windows Server 2016
8 4 (0.50%) AIX
8 4 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.25%) CentOS
9 2 (0.25%) Debian
9 2 (0.25%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.13%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.13%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 390 (48.81%) Agile Software Development
2 197 (24.66%) Scrum
3 164 (20.53%) Software Engineering
4 160 (20.03%) Problem-Solving
5 151 (18.90%) Microservices
6 145 (18.15%) TDD
7 134 (16.77%) DevOps
8 127 (15.89%) Full Stack Development
9 114 (14.27%) Business Intelligence
10 112 (14.02%) ETL
11 103 (12.89%) Data Management
12 98 (12.27%) OO
13 94 (11.76%) Computer Science
14 86 (10.76%) Data Modelling
15 84 (10.51%) Unit Testing
16 83 (10.39%) Customer Requirements
16 83 (10.39%) Test Automation
17 82 (10.26%) SDLC
18 76 (9.51%) Analytics
19 74 (9.26%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 465 (58.20%) SQL
2 281 (35.17%) Java
3 227 (28.41%) Python
4 217 (27.16%) JavaScript
5 183 (22.90%) C#
6 94 (11.76%) PL/SQL
7 81 (10.14%) TypeScript
8 65 (8.14%) PowerShell
9 50 (6.26%) Scala
10 47 (5.88%) T-SQL
11 38 (4.76%) C++
12 34 (4.26%) Bash Shell
13 33 (4.13%) Kotlin
14 32 (4.01%) Go
15 29 (3.63%) C
16 18 (2.25%) PHP
17 16 (2.00%) Java 8
17 16 (2.00%) R
18 15 (1.88%) Shell Script
18 15 (1.88%) VBA
Qualifications
1 119 (14.89%) Degree
2 32 (4.01%) Numerate Degree
3 26 (3.25%) Security Cleared
4 24 (3.00%) Computer Science Degree
5 22 (2.75%) SC Cleared
6 15 (1.88%) DBS Check
7 13 (1.63%) Microsoft Certification
8 7 (0.88%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 6 (0.75%) CEH
9 6 (0.75%) CISA
9 6 (0.75%) GIAC
9 6 (0.75%) ISEB
9 6 (0.75%) OSCE
9 6 (0.75%) OSCP
10 5 (0.63%) ITIL Certification
10 5 (0.63%) Oracle Certification
10 5 (0.63%) PhD
11 4 (0.50%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.38%) MCSE
12 3 (0.38%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (10.01%) QA
2 32 (4.01%) Data Quality
3 25 (3.13%) EMIR
3 25 (3.13%) MiFID
4 24 (3.00%) GDPR
5 14 (1.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 11 (1.38%) SLA
7 7 (0.88%) WAI
8 6 (0.75%) NIST
9 5 (0.63%) Accessibility
10 4 (0.50%) PSD2
11 2 (0.25%) ISO 8583
11 2 (0.25%) PCI DSS
12 1 (0.13%) SEPA
System Software
1 155 (19.40%) Docker
2 11 (1.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (1.00%) Oracle RAC
4 5 (0.63%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.25%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.25%) iptables
5 2 (0.25%) Postfix
5 2 (0.25%) Sendmail
5 2 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.13%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.13%) Firmware
6 1 (0.13%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 133 (16.65%) Kubernetes
2 72 (9.01%) Terraform
3 60 (7.51%) Grafana
4 28 (3.50%) Opscode Chef
5 26 (3.25%) Ansible
6 18 (2.25%) Kibana
6 18 (2.25%) logstash
7 16 (2.00%) HAProxy
8 15 (1.88%) Opsgenie
8 15 (1.88%) Pingdom
8 15 (1.88%) ZABBIX
9 11 (1.38%) Docker Swarm
9 11 (1.38%) MIIS
10 10 (1.25%) Puppet
11 9 (1.13%) Data Guard
12 8 (1.00%) Oozie
13 7 (0.88%) HP Fortify
13 7 (0.88%) WebInspect
14 6 (0.75%) HP ALM
15 5 (0.63%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 279 (34.92%) Oracle
2 147 (18.40%) Microsoft
3 92 (11.51%) Google
4 82 (10.26%) Sybase
5 22 (2.75%) IBM
6 20 (2.50%) Informatica
7 19 (2.38%) New Relic
8 18 (2.25%) SAP
8 18 (2.25%) VMware
9 15 (1.88%) Dynatrace
9 15 (1.88%) Splunk
10 14 (1.75%) Red Hat
11 13 (1.63%) GoldenSource
12 11 (1.38%) Cloudera
12 11 (1.38%) Databricks
12 11 (1.38%) Sun
13 10 (1.25%) AppDynamics
13 10 (1.25%) Autodesk
13 10 (1.25%) Xamarin
14 9 (1.13%) Adobe