Period
to 24 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 24 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 426 488 391
Rank change year-on-year +62 -97 -21
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 825 261 905
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.74% 0.46% 0.78%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.78% 1.67% 2.87%
Number of salaries quoted 541 212 729
10th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £31,753
25th Percentile £50,000 £45,750 £41,709
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% - +9.09%
75th Percentile £78,750 £77,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £101,250 £91,250 £97,500
UK median annual salary £67,500 £60,000 £59,000
% change year-on-year +12.50% +1.69% +7.27%

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 29,711 15,641 31,501
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 26.70% 27.55% 27.09%
Number of salaries quoted 19,364 13,375 26,266
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £32,374
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Salary trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2022.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 24 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +27 491 £75,000 +3.45% 60
North of England -28 121 £50,000 +11.11% 26
South East -52 110 £65,000 +18.18% 17
Yorkshire -43 57 £50,000 +11.11% 9
North West -52 54 £56,250 +4.65% 15
South West -22 40 £85,000 +119.35% 4
Midlands -90 29 £58,750 +21.13% 8
East of England -86 21 £60,000 -7.69% 7
West Midlands -68 15 £56,250 +15.98% 7
East Midlands -52 12 £61,250 +22.50% 1
North East -17 10 £40,000 -21.90% 2
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 24 January 2022, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 825 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 411 (49.82%) SQL
3 353 (42.79%) AWS
4 337 (40.85%) Agile Software Development
5 269 (32.61%) SQL Server
6 257 (31.15%) Java
7 236 (28.61%) CI/CD
8 234 (28.36%) Oracle
9 230 (27.88%) Python
10 223 (27.03%) DevOps
11 210 (25.45%) Social Skills
12 205 (24.85%) Azure
12 205 (24.85%) Finance
13 204 (24.73%) NoSQL
14 185 (22.42%) Git (software)
15 183 (22.18%) JavaScript
16 179 (21.70%) Microservices
17 176 (21.33%) Software Engineering
18 175 (21.21%) Spring
19 174 (21.09%) C#
20 170 (20.61%) TDD
21 166 (20.12%) Docker
22 159 (19.27%) PostgreSQL
23 156 (18.91%) React
24 154 (18.67%) Degree
25 151 (18.30%) .NET
26 149 (18.06%) Kubernetes
27 137 (16.61%) Terraform
27 137 (16.61%) MySQL
28 134 (16.24%) Kafka

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (6.91%) Elasticsearch
2 38 (4.61%) Tomcat
3 36 (4.36%) WebLogic
4 26 (3.15%) Apache Spark
5 25 (3.03%) JBoss
6 22 (2.67%) Apache
7 14 (1.70%) IIS
8 13 (1.58%) Apache Pig
9 11 (1.33%) CMS
9 11 (1.33%) nginx
10 10 (1.21%) Apache Airflow
11 9 (1.09%) SAS
12 8 (0.97%) Apache Solr
13 7 (0.85%) Confluence
13 7 (0.85%) WordPress
14 6 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
15 5 (0.61%) Luigi
15 5 (0.61%) Tornado
16 4 (0.48%) Jupyter
17 3 (0.36%) WebSphere
Applications
1 20 (2.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (2.30%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.48%) InVision
4 4 (0.48%) Sketch
5 2 (0.24%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.12%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 15 (1.82%) Temenos T24
2 6 (0.73%) Adobe Campaign
3 3 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.24%) IBM Planning Analytics
4 2 (0.24%) Markit EDM
4 2 (0.24%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.12%) JDE EnterpriseOne
5 1 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.12%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 353 (42.79%) AWS
2 205 (24.85%) Azure
3 119 (14.42%) GCP
4 40 (4.85%) IaaS
5 38 (4.61%) Power Platform
6 36 (4.36%) GitHub
7 32 (3.88%) Serverless
8 30 (3.64%) Amazon SQS
8 30 (3.64%) SaaS
9 25 (3.03%) Snowflake
10 22 (2.67%) Azure Synapse Analytics
11 16 (1.94%) Amazon S3
12 15 (1.82%) Slack
13 13 (1.58%) Amazon EC2
13 13 (1.58%) PaaS
14 12 (1.45%) Datadog
14 12 (1.45%) Matillion
15 11 (1.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 9 (1.09%) Cloudflare
16 9 (1.09%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 23 (2.79%) Firewall
2 19 (2.30%) MQTT
3 16 (1.94%) SAN
3 16 (1.94%) SSL
4 14 (1.70%) DNS
4 14 (1.70%) HTTP
5 11 (1.33%) VPN
6 6 (0.73%) 5G
6 6 (0.73%) Broadband
6 6 (0.73%) SMTP
7 5 (0.61%) Internet
7 5 (0.61%) Network Security
7 5 (0.61%) TCP/IP
8 3 (0.36%) Unified Communications
8 3 (0.36%) VoIP
9 2 (0.24%) BIG-IP
9 2 (0.24%) PuTTY
9 2 (0.24%) SSH
9 2 (0.24%) Telnet
9 2 (0.24%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 825 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 269 (32.61%) SQL Server
3 204 (24.73%) NoSQL
4 159 (19.27%) PostgreSQL
5 137 (16.61%) MySQL
6 88 (10.67%) Data Warehouse
7 80 (9.70%) Oracle Database
8 72 (8.73%) Big Data
9 45 (5.45%) Data Lake
10 42 (5.09%) Redis
11 41 (4.97%) MongoDB
11 41 (4.97%) Oracle Database 12c
12 39 (4.73%) Oracle Database 11g
13 37 (4.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 36 (4.36%) DB2
15 30 (3.64%) Power BI
15 30 (3.64%) Tableau
16 28 (3.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 26 (3.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 24 (2.91%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 185 (22.42%) Git (software)
2 87 (10.55%) Jenkins
3 67 (8.12%) NUnit
4 65 (7.88%) Octopus Deploy
5 62 (7.52%) Team Foundation Server
6 61 (7.39%) Cypress.io
7 57 (6.91%) Postman
8 56 (6.79%) Moq
9 41 (4.97%) Selenium
10 39 (4.73%) JMeter
10 39 (4.73%) JUnit
11 32 (3.88%) Subversion
12 25 (3.03%) SoapUI
13 23 (2.79%) Gradle
14 21 (2.55%) Bitbucket Server
15 20 (2.42%) Oracle APEX
16 19 (2.30%) JIRA
16 19 (2.30%) Log4Net
16 19 (2.30%) Newman
16 19 (2.30%) TestCafe
General
1 210 (25.45%) Social Skills
2 205 (24.85%) Finance
3 105 (12.73%) Analytical Skills
4 62 (7.52%) Banking
5 26 (3.15%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 23 (2.79%) Investment Banking
6 23 (2.79%) Law
7 22 (2.67%) Marketing
8 21 (2.55%) Public Sector
9 20 (2.42%) Electronics
10 19 (2.30%) Retail
10 19 (2.30%) Telecoms
11 17 (2.06%) Financial Institution
12 15 (1.82%) Games
12 15 (1.82%) Police
13 13 (1.58%) Back Office
13 13 (1.58%) Organisational Skills
14 12 (1.45%) Advertising
14 12 (1.45%) Fire and Rescue
14 12 (1.45%) Legal
Job Titles
1 307 (37.21%) Developer
2 93 (11.27%) Java Developer
3 77 (9.33%) DevOps Engineer
4 76 (9.21%) Full Stack Developer
5 69 (8.36%) Software Engineer
6 63 (7.64%) Architect
7 58 (7.03%) DBA
8 57 (6.91%) Analyst
9 50 (6.06%) Senior Developer
10 49 (5.94%) Software Developer
11 44 (5.33%) Applications Support
11 44 (5.33%) Senior Software Engineer
12 41 (4.97%) React Developer
13 35 (4.24%) Solutions Architect
14 34 (4.12%) Support Analyst
15 31 (3.76%) Applications Support Analyst
16 30 (3.64%) Data Engineer
17 28 (3.39%) Lead Developer
18 25 (3.03%) Node.js Developer
18 25 (3.03%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 175 (21.21%) Spring
2 156 (18.91%) React
3 151 (18.30%) .NET
4 134 (16.24%) Kafka
5 113 (13.70%) Spring Boot
6 111 (13.45%) REST
7 107 (12.97%) Node.js
8 87 (10.55%) Web Services
9 85 (10.30%) AngularJS
10 75 (9.09%) HTML
11 69 (8.36%) CSS
12 68 (8.24%) RabbitMQ
13 62 (7.52%) Hibernate
14 59 (7.15%) ASP.NET
15 58 (7.03%) Jest
15 58 (7.03%) XML
16 54 (6.55%) Enzyme
17 46 (5.58%) J2EE
18 45 (5.45%) .NET Core
19 44 (5.33%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 59 (7.15%) Algorithms
2 38 (4.61%) Data Structures
2 38 (4.61%) Self-Motivation
3 30 (3.64%) Enterprise Software
4 24 (2.91%) Cloud Native
4 24 (2.91%) User Experience
5 22 (2.67%) Management Information System
6 20 (2.42%) Clustering
7 19 (2.30%) Greenfield Project
8 17 (2.06%) Derivative
8 17 (2.06%) Virtual Team
9 12 (1.45%) Public Cloud
10 11 (1.33%) Reinsurance
11 10 (1.21%) Client/Server
12 9 (1.09%) Replication
13 8 (0.97%) Fixed Income
13 8 (0.97%) Hybrid Cloud
14 7 (0.85%) Blog
14 7 (0.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 7 (0.85%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 130 (15.76%) Linux
2 102 (12.36%) Windows
3 95 (11.52%) Unix
4 39 (4.73%) Windows Server
5 21 (2.55%) Android
6 20 (2.42%) Apple iOS
7 17 (2.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 14 (1.70%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
9 10 (1.21%) Windows Server 2012
9 10 (1.21%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (0.48%) Solaris
11 2 (0.24%) CentOS
12 1 (0.12%) AIX
12 1 (0.12%) Kali Linux
12 1 (0.12%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 337 (40.85%) Agile Software Development
2 236 (28.61%) CI/CD
3 223 (27.03%) DevOps
4 179 (21.70%) Microservices
5 176 (21.33%) Software Engineering
6 170 (20.61%) TDD
7 126 (15.27%) Unit Testing
8 123 (14.91%) Full Stack Development
9 118 (14.30%) Analytics
10 110 (13.33%) Problem-Solving
11 103 (12.48%) Continuous Integration
12 100 (12.12%) Scrum
13 99 (12.00%) Computer Science
13 99 (12.00%) Data Science
14 97 (11.76%) Business Intelligence
14 97 (11.76%) SDLC
15 86 (10.42%) ETL
16 73 (8.85%) Mentoring
17 71 (8.61%) MVC
18 69 (8.36%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 411 (49.82%) SQL
2 257 (31.15%) Java
3 230 (27.88%) Python
4 183 (22.18%) JavaScript
5 174 (21.09%) C#
6 93 (11.27%) TypeScript
7 79 (9.58%) PowerShell
8 72 (8.73%) PL/SQL
9 46 (5.58%) Java 8
9 46 (5.58%) Shell Script
10 44 (5.33%) Kotlin
11 33 (4.00%) Bash
11 33 (4.00%) T-SQL
12 27 (3.27%) Scala
13 26 (3.15%) ES6
14 24 (2.91%) PHP
15 18 (2.18%) R
16 17 (2.06%) Groovy
17 14 (1.70%) C
17 14 (1.70%) Go
Qualifications
1 154 (18.67%) Degree
2 58 (7.03%) Computer Science Degree
3 23 (2.79%) Master's Degree
4 16 (1.94%) SC Cleared
4 16 (1.94%) Security Cleared
5 13 (1.58%) Microsoft Certification
6 11 (1.33%) Numerate Degree
7 9 (1.09%) Oracle Certification
8 8 (0.97%) DBS Check
9 7 (0.85%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.61%) CFA
10 5 (0.61%) DV Cleared
10 5 (0.61%) MBA
10 5 (0.61%) MCSE
11 4 (0.48%) CEH
11 4 (0.48%) CISA
11 4 (0.48%) GIAC
11 4 (0.48%) ITIL Certification
11 4 (0.48%) OCPJP
11 4 (0.48%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (9.70%) QA
2 25 (3.03%) Data Quality
3 18 (2.18%) Accessibility
4 16 (1.94%) PCI DSS
4 16 (1.94%) SLA
5 14 (1.70%) EMIR
5 14 (1.70%) MiFID
6 9 (1.09%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 8 (0.97%) GDPR
8 5 (0.61%) FATCA
8 5 (0.61%) NIST
9 2 (0.24%) HIPAA
9 2 (0.24%) ISO 8583
9 2 (0.24%) PSD2
9 2 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.24%) SEPA
10 1 (0.12%) IEC 62304
10 1 (0.12%) TARGET2
System Software
1 166 (20.12%) Docker
2 9 (1.09%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
4 2 (0.24%) Varnish
5 1 (0.12%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.12%) HDFS
5 1 (0.12%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.12%) NDS
Systems Management
1 149 (18.06%) Kubernetes
2 137 (16.61%) Terraform
3 63 (7.64%) Grafana
4 43 (5.21%) Kibana
5 37 (4.48%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (4.36%) logstash
7 29 (3.52%) Ansible
8 19 (2.30%) HAProxy
8 19 (2.30%) Opsgenie
8 19 (2.30%) Pingdom
8 19 (2.30%) ZABBIX
9 17 (2.06%) Data Guard
9 17 (2.06%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 17 (2.06%) Oracle RMAN
10 15 (1.82%) MIIS
10 15 (1.82%) Puppet
11 11 (1.33%) Oozie
12 6 (0.73%) Consul
13 5 (0.61%) Control-M
14 4 (0.48%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 234 (28.36%) Oracle
2 117 (14.18%) Microsoft
3 88 (10.67%) Google
4 26 (3.15%) Sybase
5 25 (3.03%) Red Hat
6 22 (2.67%) Informatica
6 22 (2.67%) New Relic
7 21 (2.55%) Splunk
8 18 (2.18%) IBM
9 17 (2.06%) MuleSoft
10 15 (1.82%) Sun
10 15 (1.82%) Temenos
11 12 (1.45%) Cognizant
11 12 (1.45%) Dynatrace
11 12 (1.45%) SAP
12 11 (1.33%) Cloudera
12 11 (1.33%) Databricks
12 11 (1.33%) Hortonworks
12 11 (1.33%) StreamSets
13 9 (1.09%) AppDynamics