Period
to 18 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for RDBMS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited RDBMS over the 6 months to 18 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database Management System (RDBMS)
UK > England
6 months to
18 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 442 372 420
Rank change year-on-year -70 +48 -59
Permanent jobs citing RDBMS 481 701 1,031
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.60% 0.80% 0.77%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 2.24% 2.94% 2.72%
Number of salaries quoted 334 554 828
10th Percentile £38,750 £33,750 £35,500
25th Percentile £51,250 £41,250 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £55,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +12.61% +0.91%
75th Percentile £102,500 £83,750 £77,500
90th Percentile £132,500 £105,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £59,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +10.17% +7.27% -

RDBMS is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 21,453 23,805 37,916
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 26.73% 27.07% 28.15%
Number of salaries quoted 16,781 19,742 31,464
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,239 £71,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

RDBMS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing RDBMS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing RDBMS in England.

Salary trend for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing RDBMS in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Salary histogram for RDBMS in England

RDBMS
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing RDBMS within the England region over the 6 months to 18 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +26 326 £83,000 +10.67% 35
South East -54 71 £60,000 +25.00% 15
North of England -46 45 £52,500 - 14
Yorkshire -27 20 £51,250 +2.50% 5
South West -37 20 £39,200 +12.00% 7
North West -18 17 £52,500 -22.22% 8
North East +1 8 £37,500 +17.63% 1
Midlands -22 8 £42,500 -6.59% 7
East Midlands -2 6 £42,500 -55.84% 5
East of England +5 4 £45,000 -18.18% 4
West Midlands -23 2 £55,000 +30.95% 2
RDBMS
UK

For the 6 months to 18 May 2021, IT jobs citing RDBMS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for RDBMS.

1 481 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 300 (62.37%) Agile Software Development
3 274 (56.96%) SQL
4 222 (46.15%) AWS
5 216 (44.91%) SQL Server
6 213 (44.28%) Finance
7 209 (43.45%) Java
8 164 (34.10%) Python
9 158 (32.85%) PostgreSQL
10 155 (32.22%) Oracle
11 146 (30.35%) Microservices
12 145 (30.15%) Software Engineering
13 132 (27.44%) MySQL
14 119 (24.74%) NoSQL
15 118 (24.53%) Banking
16 105 (21.83%) Sybase
17 103 (21.41%) JavaScript
18 102 (21.21%) Azure
19 101 (21.00%) Linux
20 97 (20.17%) Git (software)
20 97 (20.17%) Social Skills
21 96 (19.96%) Scrum
22 94 (19.54%) gRPC
23 91 (18.92%) Asset Management
24 90 (18.71%) Serverless
25 89 (18.50%) C#
26 88 (18.30%) Web Services
26 88 (18.30%) Degree
27 87 (18.09%) Data Management
28 84 (17.46%) Amazon ECS

RDBMS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (4.57%) Confluence
2 19 (3.95%) Apache
3 18 (3.74%) Elasticsearch
4 15 (3.12%) Tomcat
5 12 (2.49%) Apache Spark
6 11 (2.29%) JBoss
7 10 (2.08%) IIS
8 8 (1.66%) CMS
9 5 (1.04%) SAS
10 4 (0.83%) Jupyter
11 3 (0.62%) Apache Airflow
12 2 (0.42%) Liferay
12 2 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 1 (0.21%) GlassFish
13 1 (0.21%) SharePoint
13 1 (0.21%) WebSphere
13 1 (0.21%) WordPress
Applications
1 5 (1.04%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.62%) Oracle Smart View
3 2 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.21%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.21%) SPSS
4 1 (0.21%) Stata
4 1 (0.21%) Weka
Business Applications
1 6 (1.25%) Primavera
2 4 (0.83%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (0.62%) HFM
3 3 (0.62%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.62%) Oracle Assets
3 3 (0.62%) Oracle ERP
3 3 (0.62%) Oracle General Ledger
3 3 (0.62%) Oracle Payables
3 3 (0.62%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
4 2 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.21%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 222 (46.15%) AWS
2 102 (21.21%) Azure
3 90 (18.71%) Serverless
4 84 (17.46%) Amazon ECS
5 81 (16.84%) Amazon EC2
5 81 (16.84%) AWS Lambda
6 42 (8.73%) GCP
7 32 (6.65%) SaaS
8 23 (4.78%) Amazon Kinesis
9 13 (2.70%) PaaS
9 13 (2.70%) Power Platform
10 12 (2.49%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (2.49%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
10 12 (2.49%) Slack
11 9 (1.87%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 9 (1.87%) Amazon S3
12 8 (1.66%) Amazon SQS
12 8 (1.66%) AWS CloudFormation
12 8 (1.66%) Azure Sentinel
13 6 (1.25%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 11 (2.29%) TCP/IP
2 8 (1.66%) HTTP
2 8 (1.66%) Network Security
3 7 (1.46%) Firewall
3 7 (1.46%) Internet
3 7 (1.46%) SAN
3 7 (1.46%) SNMP
4 3 (0.62%) DNS
4 3 (0.62%) LAN
4 3 (0.62%) SSL
4 3 (0.62%) VPN
4 3 (0.62%) WAN
5 2 (0.42%) 802.11
5 2 (0.42%) DHCP
5 2 (0.42%) DMZ
5 2 (0.42%) Fibre Channel
5 2 (0.42%) FTP
5 2 (0.42%) NAS
5 2 (0.42%) Reverse Proxy
5 2 (0.42%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 481 (100.00%) Relational Database
2 216 (44.91%) SQL Server
3 158 (32.85%) PostgreSQL
4 132 (27.44%) MySQL
5 119 (24.74%) NoSQL
6 72 (14.97%) Amazon Aurora
7 37 (7.69%) MongoDB
8 35 (7.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 30 (6.24%) Data Warehouse
10 28 (5.82%) Big Data
11 24 (4.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 22 (4.57%) DB2
13 21 (4.37%) Oracle Database
13 21 (4.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 20 (4.16%) SQL Server 2016
15 19 (3.95%) Amazon Redshift
15 19 (3.95%) Tableau
16 18 (3.74%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 16 (3.33%) Hadoop
18 15 (3.12%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 97 (20.17%) Git (software)
2 53 (11.02%) Jenkins
3 39 (8.11%) JIRA
4 21 (4.37%) Octopus Deploy
5 18 (3.74%) Team Foundation Server
6 14 (2.91%) Eclipse
7 13 (2.70%) Gradle
8 12 (2.49%) TeamCity
9 11 (2.29%) IntelliJ
9 11 (2.29%) Visual Studio Coded UI
10 10 (2.08%) Visual Studio
11 9 (1.87%) Bitbucket Server
11 9 (1.87%) Selenium
12 8 (1.66%) Subversion
13 7 (1.46%) SpecFlow
14 6 (1.25%) Gatling
14 6 (1.25%) JUnit
14 6 (1.25%) Maven
14 6 (1.25%) Visual Studio Team System
15 5 (1.04%) NUnit
General
1 213 (44.28%) Finance
2 118 (24.53%) Banking
3 97 (20.17%) Social Skills
4 53 (11.02%) Analytical Skills
5 23 (4.78%) Marketing
6 18 (3.74%) Games
6 18 (3.74%) Public Sector
7 16 (3.33%) Investment Banking
8 10 (2.08%) Automotive
9 9 (1.87%) Documentation Skills
9 9 (1.87%) Manufacturing
9 9 (1.87%) Presentation Skills
10 8 (1.66%) Retail
11 7 (1.46%) Law
12 6 (1.25%) Organisational Skills
13 5 (1.04%) Avionics
13 5 (1.04%) Back Office
13 5 (1.04%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.83%) Front Office
14 4 (0.83%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 276 (57.38%) Developer
2 104 (21.62%) Software Engineer
3 101 (21.00%) Java Developer
4 85 (17.67%) AWS Developer
5 77 (16.01%) AWS Engineer
6 73 (15.18%) AWS Software Engineer
6 73 (15.18%) Programmer
7 72 (14.97%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 72 (14.97%) Software Programmer
8 48 (9.98%) Java Engineer
9 44 (9.15%) Java Software Developer
9 44 (9.15%) Python Engineer
10 43 (8.94%) Python Software Engineer
11 40 (8.32%) Python Developer
11 40 (8.32%) Senior Developer
12 38 (7.90%) Software Developer
13 37 (7.69%) Java Software Engineer
14 36 (7.48%) Java Programmer
14 36 (7.48%) Python Programmer
15 33 (6.86%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 94 (19.54%) gRPC
2 88 (18.30%) Web Services
3 83 (17.26%) .NET
4 66 (13.72%) HTML
4 66 (13.72%) Spring
5 62 (12.89%) React
6 61 (12.68%) REST
7 57 (11.85%) RESTful
8 46 (9.56%) .NET Framework
8 46 (9.56%) CSS
9 44 (9.15%) AngularJS
10 42 (8.73%) ASP.NET
11 40 (8.32%) HTML5
12 36 (7.48%) J2EE
12 36 (7.48%) Kafka
13 35 (7.28%) Entity Framework
14 34 (7.07%) ASP.NET Web API
14 34 (7.07%) Spring Boot
15 33 (6.86%) GraphQL
15 33 (6.86%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 72 (14.97%) Hedge funds
1 72 (14.97%) Pricing Data
2 40 (8.32%) Enterprise Software
3 30 (6.24%) Clustering
4 28 (5.82%) Fixed Income
5 26 (5.41%) Virtual Team
6 19 (3.95%) Blog
7 15 (3.12%) Derivative
8 14 (2.91%) Social Network
9 12 (2.49%) NHS
10 11 (2.29%) Self-Motivation
11 9 (1.87%) Management Information System
12 8 (1.66%) Data Structures
13 6 (1.25%) Greenfield Project
13 6 (1.25%) Industrial Internet of Things
13 6 (1.25%) Robotics
14 5 (1.04%) Algorithms
14 5 (1.04%) Data Centre
14 5 (1.04%) User Experience
15 4 (0.83%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 101 (21.00%) Linux
2 55 (11.43%) Unix
3 46 (9.56%) Windows
4 11 (2.29%) Apple iOS
4 11 (2.29%) Windows Server
5 10 (2.08%) Solaris
6 9 (1.87%) Android
7 8 (1.66%) Mac OS X
8 4 (0.83%) CentOS
8 4 (0.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 4 (0.83%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.42%) Debian
9 2 (0.42%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 300 (62.37%) Agile Software Development
2 146 (30.35%) Microservices
3 145 (30.15%) Software Engineering
4 96 (19.96%) Scrum
5 91 (18.92%) Asset Management
6 87 (18.09%) Data Management
7 81 (16.84%) Computer Science
8 80 (16.63%) Test Automation
9 78 (16.22%) Project Delivery
10 73 (15.18%) OO
10 73 (15.18%) Problem-Solving
11 72 (14.97%) Enterprise Data Management
11 72 (14.97%) Investment Management
12 66 (13.72%) Open Source
13 64 (13.31%) DevOps
14 46 (9.56%) Continuous Integration
15 44 (9.15%) ETL
16 42 (8.73%) Continuous Improvement
17 41 (8.52%) MVC
18 36 (7.48%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 274 (56.96%) SQL
2 209 (43.45%) Java
3 164 (34.10%) Python
4 103 (21.41%) JavaScript
5 89 (18.50%) C#
6 41 (8.52%) Scala
7 37 (7.69%) T-SQL
8 32 (6.65%) PowerShell
8 32 (6.65%) Ruby
9 27 (5.61%) Shell Script
10 23 (4.78%) Go
11 19 (3.95%) C++
12 16 (3.33%) PL/SQL
13 15 (3.12%) Java 8
14 13 (2.70%) VB
15 12 (2.49%) Bash Shell
15 12 (2.49%) TypeScript
16 10 (2.08%) C
16 10 (2.08%) PHP
17 9 (1.87%) Perl
Qualifications
1 88 (18.30%) Degree
2 44 (9.15%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (3.74%) Microsoft Certification
4 12 (2.49%) Security Cleared
5 5 (1.04%) AWS Certification
5 5 (1.04%) Master's Degree
5 5 (1.04%) SC Cleared
6 3 (0.62%) PhD
7 2 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.42%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.42%) OCP
7 2 (0.42%) Oracle Certification
8 1 (0.21%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.21%) FFIEC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (5.61%) QA
2 9 (1.87%) EMIR
2 9 (1.87%) MiFID
3 5 (1.04%) Data Quality
3 5 (1.04%) WAI
4 4 (0.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.42%) PSD2
6 1 (0.21%) GDPR
6 1 (0.21%) GLBA
6 1 (0.21%) NIST
6 1 (0.21%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.21%) SLA
System Software
1 64 (13.31%) Docker
2 13 (2.70%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (2.29%) Oracle RAC
4 4 (0.83%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.62%) HDFS
6 2 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.42%) iptables
6 2 (0.42%) Microsoft Virtual Server
6 2 (0.42%) Postfix
6 2 (0.42%) Sendmail
6 2 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.42%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.21%) Lustre
Systems Management
1 50 (10.40%) Kubernetes
2 30 (6.24%) Terraform
3 19 (3.95%) Ansible
4 12 (2.49%) Oracle RMAN
5 11 (2.29%) Grafana
5 11 (2.29%) Opscode Chef
6 8 (1.66%) Puppet
7 6 (1.25%) Data Guard
7 6 (1.25%) Docker Swarm
8 3 (0.62%) Hadoop YARN
8 3 (0.62%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.42%) HP Data Protector
9 2 (0.42%) Nagios
9 2 (0.42%) Oozie
9 2 (0.42%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 1 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
10 1 (0.21%) Istio
10 1 (0.21%) Kubeflow
10 1 (0.21%) Prometheus
10 1 (0.21%) systemd
Vendors
1 155 (32.22%) Oracle
2 105 (21.83%) Sybase
3 66 (13.72%) Microsoft
4 21 (4.37%) Google
5 14 (2.91%) Salesforce.com
6 13 (2.70%) VMware
7 12 (2.49%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
7 12 (2.49%) Talend
8 11 (2.29%) Telerik
9 10 (2.08%) Aareon
9 10 (2.08%) Informatica
9 10 (2.08%) Sun
10 9 (1.87%) Alteryx
11 7 (1.46%) MicroStrategy
12 6 (1.25%) Autodesk
12 6 (1.25%) Cognos
12 6 (1.25%) TIBCO
13 4 (0.83%) HP
13 4 (0.83%) Red Hat
13 4 (0.83%) Teradata