Period
to 10 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 10 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
10 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 414 411 400
Rank change year-on-year -3 -11 +61
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 485 525 598
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.51% 0.55% 0.58%
As % of the System Software category 4.02% 4.46% 5.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 278 355 352
England median daily rate £445 £440 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.14% +10.00% -
10th Percentile £231 £280 £255
90th Percentile £629 £583 £550
UK median daily rate £438 £438 £400
% change year-on-year - +9.38% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 18 33
England median hourly rate £47.83 £27.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +73.93% -21.43% +52.17%
10th Percentile £14.03 £11.95 £22.22
90th Percentile £50.73 £47.83 £49.19
UK median hourly rate £47.83 £27.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year +73.93% -23.61% +56.52%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 12063 11759 10678
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.79% 12.32% 10.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 7909 7451 6215
England median daily rate £425 £413 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +10.00% +7.14%
10th Percentile £160 £175 £158
90th Percentile £619 £588 £550
UK median daily rate £425 £401 £375
% change year-on-year +6.12% +6.80% +7.92%
Number of hourly rates quoted 638 782 1149
England median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £15.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.13% +3.23% -
10th Percentile £10.40 £10.50 £10.00
90th Percentile £47.25 £42.48 £38.75
UK median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £15.50
% change year-on-year +3.13% +3.23% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 10 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 10 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 10 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -75 184 £458 -3.68% 25
South East +24 110 £355 -16.47% 8
Midlands +45 80 £540 +34.83% 5
North of England +9 52 £415 -17.00% 10
West Midlands +31 44 £500 +25.00% 2
East Midlands +17 36 £540 +22.73% 3
South West +5 34 £550 +62.96% 4
East of England -15 29 £400 +44.14% 4
North West -15 20 £384 -9.71% 7
Yorkshire -9 19 £400 -20.00% 3
North East +75 13 £415 -11.70%
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 10 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 219 (45.15%) Windows
2 201 (41.44%) Linux
3 150 (30.93%) VMware
4 140 (28.87%) Active Directory
5 133 (27.42%) Microsoft Azure
6 121 (24.95%) DevOps
7 115 (23.71%) Microsoft
8 106 (21.86%) VMware Infrastructure
9 94 (19.38%) Security Cleared
10 91 (18.76%) Java
11 82 (16.91%) Amazon AWS
12 79 (16.29%) Python
13 78 (16.08%) Puppet
14 77 (15.88%) Windows Server
15 75 (15.46%) SC Cleared
16 74 (15.26%) Agile Software Development
16 74 (15.26%) Jenkins
17 71 (14.64%) Oracle
18 69 (14.23%) Configuration Management
19 68 (14.02%) Migration
20 67 (13.81%) DNS
21 61 (12.58%) Ansible
21 61 (12.58%) PaaS
22 58 (11.96%) Firewall
23 55 (11.34%) Perl
24 52 (10.72%) Hyper-V
24 52 (10.72%) Docker
25 51 (10.52%) Windows Server 2012
26 50 (10.31%) Git (software)
27 49 (10.10%) SQL

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (9.28%) Tomcat
2 41 (8.45%) Apache
3 39 (8.04%) nginx
4 30 (6.19%) IIS
5 24 (4.95%) Confluence
6 20 (4.12%) Cloud Foundry
6 20 (4.12%) Elasticsearch
7 18 (3.71%) SharePoint
8 17 (3.51%) MS Exchange
9 11 (2.27%) Apache Spark
9 11 (2.27%) Exchange Server 2010
10 10 (2.06%) CICS
10 10 (2.06%) Exchange Server 2013
11 8 (1.65%) CMS
11 8 (1.65%) OpenStack
12 7 (1.44%) JBoss
12 7 (1.44%) WebSphere
13 5 (1.03%) WebSphere Application Server
14 4 (0.82%) SAS
14 4 (0.82%) WebLogic
Applications
1 17 (3.51%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (1.86%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.21%) HipChat
5 1 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 19 (3.92%) SAP ERP
2 7 (1.44%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (1.03%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.82%) Oracle 11i
4 4 (0.82%) Oracle Applications
4 4 (0.82%) Oracle EBS R12
5 3 (0.62%) Algo Collateral
6 1 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 133 (27.42%) Microsoft Azure
2 82 (16.91%) Amazon AWS
3 61 (12.58%) PaaS
4 47 (9.69%) IaaS
5 31 (6.39%) Office 365
6 23 (4.74%) Amazon EC2
7 21 (4.33%) Amazon S3
8 18 (3.71%) Amazon ELB
8 18 (3.71%) npm
8 18 (3.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 17 (3.51%) Azure Active Directory
10 15 (3.09%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 14 (2.89%) Cloud Computing
12 11 (2.27%) SaaS
13 9 (1.86%) Adobe Analytics
14 7 (1.44%) GitHub
15 6 (1.24%) Google Cloud Platform
16 4 (0.82%) G Suite
17 3 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
17 3 (0.62%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 67 (13.81%) DNS
2 58 (11.96%) Firewall
3 35 (7.22%) SAN
4 28 (5.77%) DHCP
5 23 (4.74%) TCP/IP
5 23 (4.74%) VPN
6 22 (4.54%) HTTP
7 20 (4.12%) SSH
8 15 (3.09%) NAS
8 15 (3.09%) OpenLDAP
8 15 (3.09%) OpenVPN
8 15 (3.09%) VLAN
9 14 (2.89%) VoIP
10 11 (2.27%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
10 11 (2.27%) Internet
10 11 (2.27%) iSCSI
10 11 (2.27%) Network Security
11 10 (2.06%) BIG-IP
12 7 (1.44%) LAN
12 7 (1.44%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (9.07%) SQL Server
2 23 (4.74%) PostgreSQL
3 22 (4.54%) Amazon RDS
3 22 (4.54%) MongoDB
4 16 (3.30%) Hadoop
5 13 (2.68%) Big Data
5 13 (2.68%) Data Warehouse
5 13 (2.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 12 (2.47%) DB2
6 12 (2.47%) NoSQL
7 10 (2.06%) Azure SQL Database
8 8 (1.65%) Oracle Database
8 8 (1.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 7 (1.44%) MySQL
9 7 (1.44%) OLAP
10 6 (1.24%) OLAP Cube
11 4 (0.82%) Apache Cassandra
11 4 (0.82%) Relational Database
12 3 (0.62%) Data Lake
12 3 (0.62%) Redis
Development Applications
1 74 (15.26%) Jenkins
2 50 (10.31%) Git (software)
3 48 (9.90%) Maven
4 41 (8.45%) JIRA
5 35 (7.22%) Sonatype Nexus
6 25 (5.15%) Bitbucket
7 23 (4.74%) Subversion
8 21 (4.33%) Gradle
9 18 (3.71%) Ant
9 18 (3.71%) gulp
10 17 (3.51%) Travis CI
11 15 (3.09%) CircleCI
11 15 (3.09%) IBM UrbanCode
11 15 (3.09%) JUnit
11 15 (3.09%) Liquibase
11 15 (3.09%) SonarQube
12 13 (2.68%) webpack
13 9 (1.86%) Artifactory
13 9 (1.86%) TeamCity
13 9 (1.86%) Visual Studio
General
1 48 (9.90%) Finance
2 23 (4.74%) Telecoms
3 17 (3.51%) Retail Banking
4 16 (3.30%) Banking
5 9 (1.86%) Manufacturing
6 7 (1.44%) Legal
7 6 (1.24%) Publishing
7 6 (1.24%) Retail
8 5 (1.03%) Front Office
9 4 (0.82%) Back Office
10 2 (0.41%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.41%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.41%) Marketing
11 1 (0.21%) Advertising
11 1 (0.21%) Billing
11 1 (0.21%) Electronics
11 1 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 63 (12.99%) DevOps Engineer
2 60 (12.37%) Architect
3 55 (11.34%) Consultant
4 32 (6.60%) Administrator
5 30 (6.19%) Developer
6 26 (5.36%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 26 (5.36%) Linux Engineer
6 26 (5.36%) Support Engineer
7 25 (5.15%) Azure Architect
7 25 (5.15%) Cloud Engineer
8 24 (4.95%) Analyst
8 24 (4.95%) Systems Administrator
9 17 (3.51%) Unix Engineer
10 16 (3.30%) 3rd Line Engineer
10 16 (3.30%) AWS Engineer
10 16 (3.30%) Senior Architect
11 15 (3.09%) VMware Engineer
12 14 (2.89%) Lead DevOps
13 13 (2.68%) Windows Engineer
14 12 (2.47%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (8.45%) Web Services
2 38 (7.84%) .NET
3 26 (5.36%) REST
4 24 (4.95%) Middleware
5 23 (4.74%) Elastic Stack
6 21 (4.33%) RESTful
7 18 (3.71%) XML
8 17 (3.51%) React
9 16 (3.30%) AngularJS
9 16 (3.30%) ASP.NET
9 16 (3.30%) HTML
9 16 (3.30%) Node.js
10 15 (3.09%) J2EE
10 15 (3.09%) JSON
10 15 (3.09%) MCollective
11 13 (2.68%) Spring
11 13 (2.68%) Spring Boot
12 12 (2.47%) SOAP
13 11 (2.27%) .NET Framework
14 10 (2.06%) IBM Integration Bus
Miscellaneous
1 25 (5.15%) Computer Science
2 19 (3.92%) Data Centre
3 17 (3.51%) Analytical Skills
3 17 (3.51%) Linux Command Line
4 15 (3.09%) DataPower
5 13 (2.68%) Clustering
5 13 (2.68%) Life Science
6 12 (2.47%) Hybrid Cloud
6 12 (2.47%) iPad
6 12 (2.47%) Mainframe
6 12 (2.47%) Public Cloud
7 10 (2.06%) Management Information System
7 10 (2.06%) Private Cloud
8 9 (1.86%) Replication
9 8 (1.65%) Blackberry
10 6 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
10 6 (1.24%) Mobile App
10 6 (1.24%) N-Tier
10 6 (1.24%) User Experience
11 5 (1.03%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 219 (45.15%) Windows
2 201 (41.44%) Linux
3 77 (15.88%) Windows Server
4 51 (10.52%) Windows Server 2012
5 48 (9.90%) Unix
6 41 (8.45%) Windows Server 2008
7 38 (7.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 30 (6.19%) CentOS
9 29 (5.98%) Windows 7
10 27 (5.57%) Solaris
11 22 (4.54%) Windows 10
12 14 (2.89%) Windows Server 2003
13 10 (2.06%) Data ONTAP
13 10 (2.06%) Ubuntu
13 10 (2.06%) VMS
14 5 (1.03%) SUSE
15 4 (0.82%) AIX
15 4 (0.82%) Android
15 4 (0.82%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.82%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 121 (24.95%) DevOps
2 74 (15.26%) Agile Software Development
3 69 (14.23%) Configuration Management
4 68 (14.02%) Migration
5 47 (9.69%) Mentoring
6 46 (9.48%) Continuous Integration
7 44 (9.07%) Continuous Delivery
8 40 (8.25%) Scrum
9 38 (7.84%) ITIL
10 33 (6.80%) Information Security
11 32 (6.60%) Load Balancing
12 28 (5.77%) Disaster Recovery
13 26 (5.36%) Open Source
14 25 (5.15%) Analytics
15 23 (4.74%) Risk Management
15 23 (4.74%) Service Management
16 22 (4.54%) Project Management
17 19 (3.92%) ERP
17 19 (3.92%) Network Virtualisation
18 18 (3.71%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 91 (18.76%) Java
2 79 (16.29%) Python
3 55 (11.34%) Perl
4 49 (10.10%) PowerShell
4 49 (10.10%) SQL
5 36 (7.42%) Groovy
5 36 (7.42%) Shell Script
6 32 (6.60%) Bash Shell
7 27 (5.57%) C#
8 24 (4.95%) JavaScript
9 19 (3.92%) Korn
10 13 (2.68%) C++
11 9 (1.86%) Ruby
12 8 (1.65%) C
12 8 (1.65%) VBScript
13 5 (1.03%) PHP
13 5 (1.03%) T-SQL
14 4 (0.82%) Apex Code
15 3 (0.62%) R
15 3 (0.62%) Scala
Qualifications
1 94 (19.38%) Security Cleared
2 75 (15.46%) SC Cleared
3 32 (6.60%) Degree
4 22 (4.54%) Microsoft Certification
5 17 (3.51%) MCSE
6 14 (2.89%) Cisco Certification
7 11 (2.27%) CCNA
8 10 (2.06%) GCIA
8 10 (2.06%) GCIH
8 10 (2.06%) GIAC
8 10 (2.06%) MCSA
8 10 (2.06%) SANS
9 7 (1.44%) DV Cleared
9 7 (1.44%) ITIL Certification
10 5 (1.03%) DBS Check
11 4 (0.82%) CCENT
11 4 (0.82%) MCITP
12 3 (0.62%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
12 3 (0.62%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (3.92%) HIPAA
1 19 (3.92%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 18 (3.71%) Actionable Recommendations
2 18 (3.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 11 (2.27%) SLA
4 10 (2.06%) NIST 800
5 8 (1.65%) QA
6 4 (0.82%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.41%) GCP
7 2 (0.41%) Government Security Classifications
7 2 (0.41%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.21%) GDPR
8 1 (0.21%) PMO
System Software
1 140 (28.87%) Active Directory
2 106 (21.86%) VMware Infrastructure
3 52 (10.72%) Docker
3 52 (10.72%) Hyper-V
4 30 (6.19%) VMware ESXi
5 21 (4.33%) vCloud
5 21 (4.33%) Veritas Cluster Server
5 21 (4.33%) vSphere
6 15 (3.09%) Postfix
6 15 (3.09%) Squid
7 10 (2.06%) NFS
8 8 (1.65%) XenApp
9 5 (1.03%) Samba
10 4 (0.82%) VMware Server
11 3 (0.62%) KVM
11 3 (0.62%) Microsoft App-V
11 3 (0.62%) Veritas File System
11 3 (0.62%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.62%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.41%) iptables
Systems Management
1 78 (16.08%) Puppet
2 61 (12.58%) Ansible
3 33 (6.80%) Opscode Chef
4 32 (6.60%) Terraform
5 23 (4.74%) Kibana
5 23 (4.74%) logstash
6 22 (4.54%) Kubernetes
6 22 (4.54%) SCCM
6 22 (4.54%) ZABBIX
7 15 (3.09%) Docker Swarm
7 15 (3.09%) Rancher
7 15 (3.09%) Rsyslog
7 15 (3.09%) Sysdig
7 15 (3.09%) vCenter Server
8 13 (2.68%) SCOM
9 12 (2.47%) Backup Exec
10 11 (2.27%) PowerCLI
11 10 (2.06%) McAfee ePO
12 9 (1.86%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
12 9 (1.86%) vRealize
Vendors
1 150 (30.93%) VMware
2 115 (23.71%) Microsoft
3 71 (14.64%) Oracle
4 48 (9.90%) Cisco
5 43 (8.87%) HP
6 38 (7.84%) Red Hat
7 32 (6.60%) IBM
8 27 (5.57%) Veritas
9 25 (5.15%) Citrix
9 25 (5.15%) Dell
10 23 (4.74%) SAP
11 22 (4.54%) Sun
12 21 (4.33%) NetApp
13 16 (3.30%) McAfee
14 15 (3.09%) CheckPoint
14 15 (3.09%) F5
14 15 (3.09%) Sonatype
15 12 (2.47%) Veeam
16 11 (2.27%) CyberArk
17 10 (2.06%) FireEye