Period
to 24 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 24 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 425 423 397
Rank change year-on-year -2 -26 +35
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 497 458 548
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.54% 0.52% 0.55%
As % of the System Software category 4.18% 4.27% 5.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 307 310 320
England median daily rate £475 £450 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +9.76% +1.23%
10th Percentile £263 £313 £263
90th Percentile £665 £600 £551
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £409
% change year-on-year +5.56% +10.02% +2.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 16 18
England median hourly rate £47.83 £27.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +73.93% -21.43% +52.17%
10th Percentile £14.18 £14.13 £20.01
90th Percentile £57.75 £47.83 £64.43
UK median hourly rate £47.83 £27.50 £35.50
% change year-on-year +73.93% -22.54% +54.35%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 11,879 10,738 10,060
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 12.84% 12.09% 10.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,835 6,749 5,993
England median daily rate £450 £420 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% +8.39% +7.64%
10th Percentile £164 £165 £160
90th Percentile £625 £588 £562
UK median daily rate £450 £404 £375
% change year-on-year +11.46% +7.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 631 752 1,051
England median hourly rate £16.22 £16.00 £15.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.34% +6.67% -3.23%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.25 £10.00
90th Percentile £47.00 £43.28 £40.00
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £16.00 £15.00
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -3.23%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 24 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -66 191 £500 +5.26% 47
South East +29 108 £423 +9.74% 24
Midlands +56 75 £540 +26.32% 6
North of England +22 65 £415 -7.78% 20
South West +31 43 £525 +58.49% 9
West Midlands +25 41 £550 +27.91% 4
East Midlands +27 34 £540 +31.07% 2
North West +5 30 £456 -3.95% 12
Yorkshire 0 18 £400 +6.67% 8
East of England -30 18 £369 -14.49% 7
North East +69 17 £415 -7.78%
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 24 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 236 (47.48%) Windows
2 213 (42.86%) Linux
3 157 (31.59%) DevOps
4 148 (29.78%) VMware
5 144 (28.97%) Active Directory
6 138 (27.77%) Microsoft Azure
7 132 (26.56%) Microsoft
8 115 (23.14%) VMware Infrastructure
9 101 (20.32%) Security Cleared
10 99 (19.92%) Jenkins
11 97 (19.52%) Amazon AWS
12 96 (19.32%) Puppet
13 89 (17.91%) Java
14 85 (17.10%) Agile Software Development
15 84 (16.90%) Python
15 84 (16.90%) Windows Server
16 79 (15.90%) DNS
16 79 (15.90%) Configuration Management
17 77 (15.49%) Hyper-V
18 74 (14.89%) Migration
18 74 (14.89%) Oracle
19 73 (14.69%) Ansible
20 70 (14.08%) SC Cleared
21 68 (13.68%) Docker
22 66 (13.28%) Continuous Integration
23 62 (12.47%) Windows Server 2012
24 59 (11.87%) PaaS
25 56 (11.27%) Git (software)
26 55 (11.07%) Firewall
26 55 (11.07%) HP

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (9.26%) Tomcat
2 42 (8.45%) nginx
3 37 (7.44%) Apache
4 36 (7.24%) IIS
5 23 (4.63%) Cloud Foundry
6 19 (3.82%) Confluence
6 19 (3.82%) MS Exchange
7 17 (3.42%) SharePoint
8 13 (2.62%) Exchange Server 2010
8 13 (2.62%) Exchange Server 2013
8 13 (2.62%) WebSphere
9 10 (2.01%) CICS
9 10 (2.01%) Elasticsearch
10 8 (1.61%) JBoss
10 8 (1.61%) Jetty
10 8 (1.61%) OpenStack
11 7 (1.41%) Apache Spark
12 6 (1.21%) Mule ESB
12 6 (1.21%) WebSphere Application Server
12 6 (1.21%) WildFly
Applications
1 20 (4.02%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.21%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.80%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.20%) HipChat
4 1 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 8 (1.61%) Payment Gateway
2 6 (1.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (1.21%) Oracle EBS R12
2 6 (1.21%) SAP ERP
3 4 (0.80%) Oracle 11i
3 4 (0.80%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.60%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.40%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.40%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.40%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.40%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.20%) Algo Collateral
Cloud Services
1 138 (27.77%) Microsoft Azure
2 97 (19.52%) Amazon AWS
3 59 (11.87%) PaaS
4 40 (8.05%) IaaS
5 27 (5.43%) Office 365
6 20 (4.02%) Azure Active Directory
7 19 (3.82%) Amazon EC2
8 17 (3.42%) npm
9 15 (3.02%) Amazon S3
10 14 (2.82%) GitHub
11 13 (2.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 12 (2.41%) Amazon ELB
13 11 (2.21%) Cloud Computing
13 11 (2.21%) SaaS
14 10 (2.01%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 9 (1.81%) Adobe Analytics
16 8 (1.61%) Google Cloud Platform
17 3 (0.60%) AWS Lambda
17 3 (0.60%) Azure Data Factory
17 3 (0.60%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 79 (15.90%) DNS
2 55 (11.07%) Firewall
3 41 (8.25%) DHCP
3 41 (8.25%) SAN
4 27 (5.43%) HTTP
5 26 (5.23%) TCP/IP
5 26 (5.23%) VPN
6 17 (3.42%) FTP
6 17 (3.42%) iSCSI
7 16 (3.22%) NAS
7 16 (3.22%) SSL
8 15 (3.02%) SSH
9 14 (2.82%) IPsec
9 14 (2.82%) VoIP
10 13 (2.62%) VLAN
11 12 (2.41%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
12 11 (2.21%) OpenVPN
12 11 (2.21%) Reverse Proxy
13 10 (2.01%) BIG-IP
13 10 (2.01%) OpenLDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (9.86%) SQL Server
2 37 (7.44%) MongoDB
3 34 (6.84%) NoSQL
4 27 (5.43%) MySQL
4 27 (5.43%) PostgreSQL
5 19 (3.82%) Big Data
6 15 (3.02%) Amazon RDS
7 14 (2.82%) RDBMS
7 14 (2.82%) Relational Database
7 14 (2.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 13 (2.62%) Oracle Database
9 10 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
9 10 (2.01%) DB2
10 9 (1.81%) Hadoop
11 8 (1.61%) Azure SQL Database
11 8 (1.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 7 (1.41%) OLAP
13 6 (1.21%) OLAP Cube
13 6 (1.21%) Oracle Database 11g
13 6 (1.21%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 99 (19.92%) Jenkins
2 56 (11.27%) Git (software)
3 49 (9.86%) Maven
4 39 (7.85%) JIRA
5 31 (6.24%) Travis CI
6 27 (5.43%) Sonatype Nexus
7 22 (4.43%) Bitbucket
7 22 (4.43%) Subversion
8 21 (4.23%) Gradle
9 17 (3.42%) gulp
10 16 (3.22%) Team Foundation Server
11 15 (3.02%) CircleCI
12 14 (2.82%) GitLab
12 14 (2.82%) JUnit
13 13 (2.62%) Ant
13 13 (2.62%) IBM UrbanCode
13 13 (2.62%) webpack
14 11 (2.21%) TeamCity
15 10 (2.01%) Artifactory
15 10 (2.01%) SonarQube
General
1 41 (8.25%) Finance
2 21 (4.23%) Banking
2 21 (4.23%) Telecoms
3 12 (2.41%) Retail Banking
4 8 (1.61%) Legal
4 8 (1.61%) Manufacturing
5 5 (1.01%) Advertising
5 5 (1.01%) Front Office
5 5 (1.01%) Marketing
6 3 (0.60%) Retail
7 2 (0.40%) Back Office
7 2 (0.40%) Electronics
7 2 (0.40%) Investment Banking
7 2 (0.40%) Local Government
8 1 (0.20%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.20%) Games
8 1 (0.20%) Law
8 1 (0.20%) Military
8 1 (0.20%) Multimedia
8 1 (0.20%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 77 (15.49%) DevOps Engineer
2 59 (11.87%) Architect
3 47 (9.46%) Consultant
4 34 (6.84%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 28 (5.63%) Azure Architect
6 27 (5.43%) Administrator
7 26 (5.23%) Developer
7 26 (5.23%) Systems Administrator
8 24 (4.83%) Support Engineer
9 22 (4.43%) Cloud Engineer
10 18 (3.62%) Analyst
11 16 (3.22%) Lead DevOps
11 16 (3.22%) Linux Engineer
11 16 (3.22%) Senior Architect
12 14 (2.82%) DevOps Manager
13 13 (2.62%) Head of DevOps
13 13 (2.62%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 13 (2.62%) Technical Architect
14 12 (2.41%) Storage Specialist
14 12 (2.41%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (7.85%) Web Services
2 38 (7.65%) .NET
3 28 (5.63%) Node.js
4 25 (5.03%) REST
5 24 (4.83%) HTML
6 23 (4.63%) Middleware
7 21 (4.23%) React
8 18 (3.62%) RESTful
9 17 (3.42%) JSON
10 16 (3.22%) ASP.NET
10 16 (3.22%) Elastic Stack
11 15 (3.02%) AngularJS
12 13 (2.62%) SOAP
12 13 (2.62%) Spring
13 12 (2.41%) CSS
13 12 (2.41%) Spring Boot
14 11 (2.21%) LAPP Stack
15 10 (2.01%) MCollective
15 10 (2.01%) RabbitMQ
16 9 (1.81%) IBM Integration Bus
Miscellaneous
1 37 (7.44%) Data Centre
2 22 (4.43%) Clustering
3 19 (3.82%) Computer Science
4 18 (3.62%) Analytical Skills
5 17 (3.42%) Hybrid Cloud
6 15 (3.02%) DataPower
7 13 (2.62%) iPad
7 13 (2.62%) Life Science
7 13 (2.62%) Management Information System
8 12 (2.41%) Linux Command Line
9 11 (2.21%) Private Cloud
10 10 (2.01%) Mainframe
10 10 (2.01%) Public Cloud
10 10 (2.01%) Replication
11 9 (1.81%) PKI
12 8 (1.61%) Blackberry
12 8 (1.61%) Client/Server
12 8 (1.61%) iPhone
12 8 (1.61%) Mobile App
13 7 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 236 (47.48%) Windows
2 213 (42.86%) Linux
3 84 (16.90%) Windows Server
4 62 (12.47%) Windows Server 2012
5 52 (10.46%) Windows Server 2008
6 46 (9.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 33 (6.64%) Windows 7
8 32 (6.44%) Unix
9 29 (5.84%) CentOS
10 26 (5.23%) Solaris
11 23 (4.63%) Windows 10
11 23 (4.63%) Windows Server 2003
12 22 (4.43%) Ubuntu
13 17 (3.42%) Data ONTAP
14 7 (1.41%) AIX
14 7 (1.41%) HPUX
14 7 (1.41%) VMS
15 6 (1.21%) Debian
15 6 (1.21%) Oracle Linux
16 5 (1.01%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 157 (31.59%) DevOps
2 85 (17.10%) Agile Software Development
3 79 (15.90%) Configuration Management
4 74 (14.89%) Migration
5 66 (13.28%) Continuous Integration
6 53 (10.66%) ITIL
7 47 (9.46%) Continuous Delivery
8 45 (9.05%) Open Source
9 44 (8.85%) Mentoring
10 42 (8.45%) Microservices
11 41 (8.25%) Scrum
12 31 (6.24%) Load Balancing
13 30 (6.04%) Test Automation
14 29 (5.84%) High Availability
15 28 (5.63%) Analytics
16 26 (5.23%) Service Management
17 23 (4.63%) Disaster Recovery
18 22 (4.43%) Information Security
19 21 (4.23%) Risk Management
20 19 (3.82%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 89 (17.91%) Java
2 84 (16.90%) Python
3 53 (10.66%) PowerShell
4 49 (9.86%) SQL
5 45 (9.05%) Perl
6 42 (8.45%) Bash Shell
7 35 (7.04%) Groovy
8 34 (6.84%) C#
9 31 (6.24%) JavaScript
10 29 (5.84%) Shell Script
11 23 (4.63%) Ruby
12 12 (2.41%) Korn
13 11 (2.21%) C++
14 9 (1.81%) C
14 9 (1.81%) VBScript
15 8 (1.61%) PHP
15 8 (1.61%) Scala
16 5 (1.01%) AWK
16 5 (1.01%) T-SQL
17 3 (0.60%) F#
Qualifications
1 101 (20.32%) Security Cleared
2 70 (14.08%) SC Cleared
3 24 (4.83%) Degree
4 18 (3.62%) DV Cleared
4 18 (3.62%) Microsoft Certification
5 13 (2.62%) MCSE
6 12 (2.41%) Cisco Certification
7 10 (2.01%) CCNA
8 7 (1.41%) MCSA
9 5 (1.01%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 4 (0.80%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.80%) ITIL Certification
11 3 (0.60%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.60%) MCP
11 3 (0.60%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 2 (0.40%) CCNP
12 2 (0.40%) Master's Degree
12 2 (0.40%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.40%) VCP5
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (3.62%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 16 (3.22%) HIPAA
3 15 (3.02%) Actionable Recommendations
4 11 (2.21%) QA
5 10 (2.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (1.01%) SLA
7 4 (0.80%) Data Quality
7 4 (0.80%) GCP
8 3 (0.60%) PMO
9 2 (0.40%) COBIT
9 2 (0.40%) GDPR
9 2 (0.40%) Government Security Classifications
9 2 (0.40%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.20%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 144 (28.97%) Active Directory
2 115 (23.14%) VMware Infrastructure
3 77 (15.49%) Hyper-V
4 68 (13.68%) Docker
5 34 (6.84%) VMware ESXi
6 23 (4.63%) vSphere
7 19 (3.82%) NFS
8 17 (3.42%) vCloud
9 12 (2.41%) Xen
10 11 (2.21%) Postfix
10 11 (2.21%) Squid
11 9 (1.81%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 8 (1.61%) KVM
12 8 (1.61%) XenApp
13 7 (1.41%) PowerHA
13 7 (1.41%) VMware Workstation
14 6 (1.21%) Veritas Volume Manager
15 5 (1.01%) VirtualBox
16 3 (0.60%) Veritas File System
16 3 (0.60%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 96 (19.32%) Puppet
2 73 (14.69%) Ansible
3 51 (10.26%) Opscode Chef
4 30 (6.04%) Terraform
5 26 (5.23%) Kubernetes
6 22 (4.43%) ZABBIX
7 21 (4.23%) SCCM
8 19 (3.82%) SCOM
9 17 (3.42%) vCenter Server
10 14 (2.82%) Docker Swarm
10 14 (2.82%) logstash
11 13 (2.62%) Kibana
11 13 (2.62%) Microsoft Clustering
12 11 (2.21%) HAProxy
13 10 (2.01%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
13 10 (2.01%) Rancher
13 10 (2.01%) Rsyslog
13 10 (2.01%) Sysdig
13 10 (2.01%) WSUS
14 9 (1.81%) SnapVault
Vendors
1 148 (29.78%) VMware
2 132 (26.56%) Microsoft
3 74 (14.89%) Oracle
4 55 (11.07%) HP
5 50 (10.06%) Red Hat
6 39 (7.85%) IBM
7 31 (6.24%) NetApp
8 27 (5.43%) Cisco
9 20 (4.02%) Citrix
9 20 (4.02%) Veritas
10 17 (3.42%) Dell
11 13 (2.62%) F5
11 13 (2.62%) Remedy
11 13 (2.62%) SAP
12 12 (2.41%) Google
12 12 (2.41%) Sun
13 10 (2.01%) 3PAR
13 10 (2.01%) McAfee
13 10 (2.01%) Sonatype
14 9 (1.81%) Green Hat