Period
to 21 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 21 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 320 365 425
Rank change year-on-year +45 +60 +7
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 439 626 509
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.71% 0.69% 0.55%
As % of the System Software category 4.53% 4.44% 4.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 299 467 313
England median daily rate £475 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £329 £319 £263
90th Percentile £625 £700 £665
UK median daily rate £470 £488 £475
% change year-on-year -3.59% +2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 19 21
England median hourly rate £35.00 £36.00 £47.83
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.78% -24.73% +73.93%
10th Percentile £15.63 £15.19 £14.25
90th Percentile £43.28 £42.07 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.50 £47.83
% change year-on-year -1.41% -25.78% +73.93%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 9,689 14,096 12,021
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.63% 15.53% 12.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,411 9,355 7,919
England median daily rate £450 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +7.78%
10th Percentile £171 £184 £163
90th Percentile £638 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £469 £450
% change year-on-year -3.95% +4.11% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 545 675 643
England median hourly rate £17.00 £16.00 £16.22
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% -1.33% +1.34%
10th Percentile £11.26 £10.53 £10.50
90th Percentile £45.00 £47.00 £47.10
UK median hourly rate £17.25 £16.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +7.81% - -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 21 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +33 150 £473 -5.50% 28
South East +41 106 £500 +12.99% 25
North of England +58 83 £391 -22.52% 28
North West +38 51 £375 -46.43% 17
South West +34 50 £514 +18.79% 12
Yorkshire +49 30 £442 -10.51% 10
Midlands +50 23 £412 -13.21% 13
East of England +28 23 £400 -5.88% 4
West Midlands +48 20 £425 +3.03% 9
East Midlands +26 3 £308 -38.50% 3
North East +10 2 £425 -2.86% 1
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 21 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 198 (45.10%) Windows
2 159 (36.22%) Azure
3 142 (32.35%) Linux
4 138 (31.44%) VMware
5 132 (30.07%) Microsoft
6 123 (28.02%) SQL
7 120 (27.33%) Agile Software Development
8 117 (26.65%) VMware Infrastructure
8 117 (26.65%) DevOps
9 106 (24.15%) Active Directory
10 105 (23.92%) Security Cleared
11 98 (22.32%) Windows Server
12 93 (21.18%) PowerShell
13 89 (20.27%) Python
14 82 (18.68%) Docker
15 81 (18.45%) Test Automation
16 79 (18.00%) SC Cleared
17 77 (17.54%) IaaS
18 76 (17.31%) Continuous Integration
19 74 (16.86%) PaaS
20 72 (16.40%) Analytics
21 70 (15.95%) AWS
22 69 (15.72%) Migration
23 66 (15.03%) SQL Server
24 63 (14.35%) Scrum
24 63 (14.35%) Hyper-V
25 61 (13.90%) Infrastructure as Code
26 60 (13.67%) C#
27 58 (13.21%) Jenkins
27 58 (13.21%) Ansible

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (5.47%) Confluence
1 24 (5.47%) SharePoint
2 18 (4.10%) IIS
3 16 (3.64%) MS Exchange
4 14 (3.19%) Apache
5 12 (2.73%) nginx
5 12 (2.73%) OpenStack
6 11 (2.51%) Skype for Business
7 10 (2.28%) Exchange Server 2013
7 10 (2.28%) Tomcat
8 9 (2.05%) Exchange Server 2010
9 7 (1.59%) CMS
9 7 (1.59%) SharePoint 2013
9 7 (1.59%) WebLogic
10 6 (1.37%) JBoss
10 6 (1.37%) Sitecore CMS
10 6 (1.37%) Umbraco
11 4 (0.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 4 (0.91%) WebSphere
11 4 (0.91%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 10 (2.28%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (1.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.68%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.46%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.23%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 8 (1.82%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.46%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.23%) assyst
3 1 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.23%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.23%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.23%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 159 (36.22%) Azure
2 77 (17.54%) IaaS
3 74 (16.86%) PaaS
4 70 (15.95%) AWS
5 35 (7.97%) Power Platform
6 33 (7.52%) Azure Active Directory
7 32 (7.29%) Office 365
8 24 (5.47%) OpenShift
9 21 (4.78%) Azure Data Factory
10 20 (4.56%) GCP
11 19 (4.33%) Amazon EC2
11 19 (4.33%) Serverless
12 12 (2.73%) AWS CloudFormation
12 12 (2.73%) GitHub
13 10 (2.28%) Azure Functions
13 10 (2.28%) Data Lake Analytics
14 8 (1.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 8 (1.82%) npm
15 6 (1.37%) Amazon S3
16 5 (1.14%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 49 (11.16%) Firewall
2 44 (10.02%) DNS
2 44 (10.02%) VPN
3 43 (9.79%) DHCP
4 30 (6.83%) TCP/IP
5 27 (6.15%) SAN
6 25 (5.69%) Internet
7 20 (4.56%) HTTP
7 20 (4.56%) iSCSI
7 20 (4.56%) VSAN
7 20 (4.56%) Wireless
8 15 (3.42%) Network Security
9 13 (2.96%) Ethernet
10 11 (2.51%) IPv4
10 11 (2.51%) IPv6
10 11 (2.51%) WLAN
11 10 (2.28%) LAN
11 10 (2.28%) NAS
11 10 (2.28%) WAN
11 10 (2.28%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (15.03%) SQL Server
2 51 (11.62%) Data Lake
3 38 (8.66%) Azure SQL Database
4 35 (7.97%) Power BI
5 32 (7.29%) HDInsight
5 32 (7.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 19 (4.33%) Amazon RDS
7 16 (3.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 14 (3.19%) PostgreSQL
9 12 (2.73%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 12 (2.73%) Data Warehouse
9 12 (2.73%) SQL Server 2016
9 12 (2.73%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 10 (2.28%) Microsoft Analysis Services
11 9 (2.05%) Snowflake Schema
12 8 (1.82%) MySQL
12 8 (1.82%) SQL Server 2012
13 7 (1.59%) SQL Server 2014
14 6 (1.37%) Oracle Database
14 6 (1.37%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 58 (13.21%) Jenkins
2 56 (12.76%) Git (software)
3 39 (8.88%) Visual Studio
4 30 (6.83%) JIRA
5 25 (5.69%) GitLab
6 21 (4.78%) Visual Studio Team System
7 14 (3.19%) gulp
8 13 (2.96%) SonarQube
9 12 (2.73%) Grunt
9 12 (2.73%) Subversion
10 10 (2.28%) Team Foundation Server
10 10 (2.28%) Vagrant
11 9 (2.05%) Octopus Deploy
12 8 (1.82%) TeamCity
13 7 (1.59%) Maven
14 6 (1.37%) Artifactory
14 6 (1.37%) Bitbucket
14 6 (1.37%) Gerrit
14 6 (1.37%) Jasmine
14 6 (1.37%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 32 (7.29%) Finance
2 25 (5.69%) Banking
3 16 (3.64%) Public Sector
3 16 (3.64%) Retail
4 12 (2.73%) Telecoms
5 11 (2.51%) Publishing
6 5 (1.14%) Military
7 4 (0.91%) German Language
8 3 (0.68%) Advertising
8 3 (0.68%) French Language
8 3 (0.68%) Manufacturing
8 3 (0.68%) Marketing
9 2 (0.46%) Italian Language
10 1 (0.23%) Automotive
10 1 (0.23%) Avionics
10 1 (0.23%) Back Office
10 1 (0.23%) Corporate Banking
10 1 (0.23%) Investment Banking
10 1 (0.23%) Law
10 1 (0.23%) Legal
Job Titles
1 67 (15.26%) DevOps Engineer
2 50 (11.39%) Azure Engineer
3 41 (9.34%) Developer
4 32 (7.29%) Administrator
5 31 (7.06%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 25 (5.69%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 21 (4.78%) Support Engineer
8 20 (4.56%) Consultant
8 20 (4.56%) VMware Engineer
9 19 (4.33%) Architect
10 17 (3.87%) Azure DevOps
11 16 (3.64%) Systems Engineer
12 15 (3.42%) Systems Administrator
13 14 (3.19%) Cloud Engineer
13 14 (3.19%) Technical Engineer
14 13 (2.96%) Data Engineer
15 12 (2.73%) Analyst
16 11 (2.51%) Automation Engineer
16 11 (2.51%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
17 10 (2.28%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (8.43%) .NET
2 25 (5.69%) HTML
3 23 (5.24%) Elastic Stack
4 21 (4.78%) Web Services
5 16 (3.64%) 802.1X
5 16 (3.64%) CSS
6 14 (3.19%) AngularJS
6 14 (3.19%) YAML
7 13 (2.96%) Middleware
7 13 (2.96%) RESTful
8 12 (2.73%) .NET Framework
9 11 (2.51%) Node.js
10 9 (2.05%) ASP.NET
11 7 (1.59%) Ajax
11 7 (1.59%) JSON
11 7 (1.59%) REST
12 6 (1.37%) ASP.NET MVC
12 6 (1.37%) jQuery
12 6 (1.37%) Kendo UI
12 6 (1.37%) Razor View Engine
Miscellaneous
1 51 (11.62%) Data Centre
2 46 (10.48%) Clustering
3 23 (5.24%) Analytical Skills
4 18 (4.10%) Hybrid Cloud
4 18 (4.10%) Linux Command Line
5 17 (3.87%) User Experience
6 14 (3.19%) Replication
7 13 (2.96%) Self-Motivation
8 10 (2.28%) PKI
9 8 (1.82%) Management Information System
10 7 (1.59%) Greenfield Project
10 7 (1.59%) IPTV
11 6 (1.37%) RIA
12 5 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
12 5 (1.14%) Virtual Team
13 4 (0.91%) HP StoreVirtual
13 4 (0.91%) Private Cloud
14 3 (0.68%) Blog
14 3 (0.68%) BYOD
14 3 (0.68%) VxBlock/Vblock
Operating Systems
1 198 (45.10%) Windows
2 142 (32.35%) Linux
3 98 (22.32%) Windows Server
4 40 (9.11%) Windows 10
5 39 (8.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 36 (8.20%) Windows Server 2012
7 29 (6.61%) Unix
8 25 (5.69%) Windows 7
9 22 (5.01%) Windows Server 2008
10 21 (4.78%) VMS
11 17 (3.87%) Ubuntu
12 16 (3.64%) Solaris
13 13 (2.96%) CentOS
14 11 (2.51%) Windows 8
15 6 (1.37%) Windows Server 2003
16 5 (1.14%) Mac OS
16 5 (1.14%) Oracle Linux
16 5 (1.14%) SUSE
17 3 (0.68%) Android
17 3 (0.68%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 120 (27.33%) Agile Software Development
2 117 (26.65%) DevOps
3 81 (18.45%) Test Automation
4 76 (17.31%) Continuous Integration
5 72 (16.40%) Analytics
6 69 (15.72%) Migration
7 63 (14.35%) Scrum
8 61 (13.90%) Infrastructure as Code
9 50 (11.39%) Business Intelligence
10 46 (10.48%) Configuration Management
10 46 (10.48%) Continuous Delivery
11 44 (10.02%) ITIL
12 42 (9.57%) High Availability
13 40 (9.11%) Problem-Solving
14 37 (8.43%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 34 (7.74%) Data Management
16 29 (6.61%) Data-Driven Testing
16 29 (6.61%) Security Testing
17 25 (5.69%) Data Protection
17 25 (5.69%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 123 (28.02%) SQL
2 93 (21.18%) PowerShell
3 89 (20.27%) Python
4 60 (13.67%) C#
5 41 (9.34%) Bash Shell
6 39 (8.88%) Java
7 28 (6.38%) C
8 26 (5.92%) JavaScript
9 15 (3.42%) Shell Script
10 13 (2.96%) Go
11 12 (2.73%) Perl
12 9 (2.05%) R
13 7 (1.59%) Groovy
13 7 (1.59%) PHP
14 6 (1.37%) MATLAB
14 6 (1.37%) Ruby
15 5 (1.14%) PL/SQL
15 5 (1.14%) VBScript
16 3 (0.68%) C++
16 3 (0.68%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 105 (23.92%) Security Cleared
2 79 (18.00%) SC Cleared
3 44 (10.02%) DV Cleared
4 21 (4.78%) Degree
5 18 (4.10%) Microsoft Certification
6 9 (2.05%) Citrix Certification
7 8 (1.82%) Cisco Certification
7 8 (1.82%) ITIL Certification
7 8 (1.82%) MCTS
8 6 (1.37%) Computer Science Degree
9 5 (1.14%) A+ Certification
9 5 (1.14%) ACSP
9 5 (1.14%) MCITP
9 5 (1.14%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 4 (0.91%) AWS Certification
10 4 (0.91%) CCNA
10 4 (0.91%) MCSA
10 4 (0.91%) MCSE
10 4 (0.91%) Network+ Certification
11 3 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.28%) SLA
2 9 (2.05%) QA
3 8 (1.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (1.59%) NCSC
5 5 (1.14%) Government Security Classifications
6 3 (0.68%) Cyber Essentials
6 3 (0.68%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 3 (0.68%) RMADS
7 2 (0.46%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.46%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 2 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 15288
System Software
1 117 (26.65%) VMware Infrastructure
2 106 (24.15%) Active Directory
3 82 (18.68%) Docker
4 63 (14.35%) Hyper-V
5 38 (8.66%) VMware ESXi
5 38 (8.66%) vSphere
6 33 (7.52%) NFS
7 21 (4.78%) VMware NSX
7 21 (4.78%) XenApp
8 20 (4.56%) VMFS
8 20 (4.56%) XenDesktop
9 15 (3.42%) LXC
10 13 (2.96%) Microsoft App-V
11 12 (2.73%) Virtual Desktop
11 12 (2.73%) Virtual Servers
12 10 (2.28%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 10 (2.28%) VirtualBox
13 9 (2.05%) DFS Replication
14 8 (1.82%) vCloud
15 7 (1.59%) Gluster
Systems Management
1 58 (13.21%) Ansible
2 57 (12.98%) Kubernetes
3 52 (11.85%) Puppet
4 38 (8.66%) Terraform
5 37 (8.43%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (8.20%) SCVMM
7 32 (7.29%) SCOM
8 30 (6.83%) vCenter Server
9 29 (6.61%) SCCM
10 27 (6.15%) Microsoft Clustering
11 26 (5.92%) vRealize
12 22 (5.01%) vMotion
13 20 (4.56%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 15 (3.42%) Network Intrusion Detection System
15 13 (2.96%) Failover Clustering
16 12 (2.73%) Host Intrusion Detection System
16 12 (2.73%) WSUS
17 10 (2.28%) Docker Swarm
17 10 (2.28%) Single Sign-On
18 9 (2.05%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 138 (31.44%) VMware
2 132 (30.07%) Microsoft
3 47 (10.71%) Oracle
3 47 (10.71%) Red Hat
4 32 (7.29%) Citrix
5 30 (6.83%) Cisco
6 25 (5.69%) Dell
6 25 (5.69%) HP
7 20 (4.56%) Google
8 12 (2.73%) Informatica
8 12 (2.73%) Splunk
9 10 (2.28%) EMC
10 9 (2.05%) Databricks
10 9 (2.05%) Ivanti
10 9 (2.05%) NetApp
11 8 (1.82%) Apple
11 8 (1.82%) ArcSight
12 7 (1.59%) CheckPoint
13 6 (1.37%) IBM
13 6 (1.37%) Sun