Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 397 443 411
Rank change year-on-year +46 -32 -9
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 574 493 540
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.60% 0.52% 0.57%
As % of the System Software category 3.86% 4.05% 4.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 445 283 367
England median daily rate £500 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% - +12.50%
10th Percentile £314 £235 £281
90th Percentile £700 £638 £588
UK median daily rate £500 £438 £450
% change year-on-year +14.29% -2.72% +14.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 20 17
England median hourly rate £19.85 £47.83 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -58.50% +73.93% -21.43%
10th Percentile £14.37 £14.18 £11.85
90th Percentile £39.20 £48.80 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £19.85 £47.83 £27.50
% change year-on-year -58.50% +73.93% -23.61%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 14,873 12,162 11,711
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.53% 12.80% 12.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,844 7,989 7,383
England median daily rate £466 £438 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.51% +6.06% +10.00%
10th Percentile £183 £161 £175
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £402
% change year-on-year +5.88% +5.85% +7.07%
Number of hourly rates quoted 781 639 776
England median hourly rate £16.00 £16.50 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.03% +3.13% +3.23%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.40 £10.50
90th Percentile £44.27 £47.25 £43.00
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £16.50 £15.50
% change year-on-year -3.03% +6.45% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +31 229 £525 +14.75% 52
South East +10 137 £446 +25.70% 16
North of England +23 103 £600 +44.58% 31
North West +38 70 £700 +60.00% 17
South West -15 43 £425 -22.73% 12
Midlands -62 35 £494 -8.61% 11
East of England -2 29 £475 +18.75% 19
Yorkshire -4 28 £450 +12.50% 12
West Midlands -36 20 £400 -22.89% 8
East Midlands -5 15 £500 -7.41% 3
North East -12 5 £450 +8.43% 2
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 243 (42.33%) Windows
2 231 (40.24%) DevOps
3 221 (38.50%) Microsoft Azure
4 180 (31.36%) Linux
5 153 (26.66%) Jenkins
6 150 (26.13%) VMware
7 142 (24.74%) Puppet
8 139 (24.22%) Java
9 138 (24.04%) Windows Server
10 136 (23.69%) Microsoft
10 136 (23.69%) PowerShell
11 130 (22.65%) PaaS
12 125 (21.78%) Ansible
13 122 (21.25%) VMware Infrastructure
14 120 (20.91%) Active Directory
15 114 (19.86%) Opscode Chef
16 108 (18.82%) Docker
16 108 (18.82%) Security Cleared
17 100 (17.42%) Continuous Integration
18 99 (17.25%) Agile Software Development
19 98 (17.07%) Open Source
20 97 (16.90%) Travis CI
20 97 (16.90%) Python
21 96 (16.72%) SQL
21 96 (16.72%) Amazon AWS
21 96 (16.72%) IaaS
22 86 (14.98%) DNS
23 79 (13.76%) Configuration Management
24 75 (13.07%) Test Automation
25 73 (12.72%) Terraform

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (12.02%) nginx
2 49 (8.54%) Cloud Foundry
3 27 (4.70%) SharePoint
4 24 (4.18%) Tomcat
5 21 (3.66%) MS Exchange
6 18 (3.14%) WebSphere
7 16 (2.79%) Confluence
8 15 (2.61%) Apache
9 12 (2.09%) Exchange Server 2013
9 12 (2.09%) IIS
10 11 (1.92%) Exchange Server 2010
11 9 (1.57%) Elasticsearch
12 7 (1.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 6 (1.05%) NetWeaver
13 6 (1.05%) Skype for Business
14 5 (0.87%) JBoss
14 5 (0.87%) OpenStack
15 4 (0.70%) MQSeries
16 3 (0.52%) CICS
17 2 (0.35%) Exchange Server 2007
Applications
1 22 (3.83%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.70%) Microsoft Project
3 4 (0.70%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (0.87%) HFM
1 5 (0.87%) Maximo
2 4 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.70%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.35%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.35%) Teamcenter
4 1 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.17%) Oracle iProcurement
4 1 (0.17%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.17%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 221 (38.50%) Microsoft Azure
2 130 (22.65%) PaaS
3 96 (16.72%) Amazon AWS
3 96 (16.72%) IaaS
4 52 (9.06%) Office 365
5 51 (8.89%) Azure Active Directory
6 50 (8.71%) npm
7 45 (7.84%) AWS CloudFormation
8 30 (5.23%) Google Cloud Platform
9 28 (4.88%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 24 (4.18%) Amazon EC2
11 22 (3.83%) GitHub
11 22 (3.83%) SaaS
12 16 (2.79%) Amazon S3
13 15 (2.61%) Datadog
14 12 (2.09%) Amazon ELB
14 12 (2.09%) Azure Data Factory
14 12 (2.09%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 11 (1.92%) Serverless
16 6 (1.05%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 86 (14.98%) DNS
2 57 (9.93%) Firewall
3 56 (9.76%) TCP/IP
4 52 (9.06%) DHCP
5 43 (7.49%) VPN
6 39 (6.79%) HTTP
7 37 (6.45%) SAN
8 33 (5.75%) SSL
9 25 (4.36%) IPsec
10 23 (4.01%) FTP
11 16 (2.79%) iSCSI
11 16 (2.79%) SSH
12 14 (2.44%) Internet
13 13 (2.26%) LAN
13 13 (2.26%) Network Security
13 13 (2.26%) WAN
14 12 (2.09%) NAS
15 10 (1.74%) Skype
16 8 (1.39%) OpenLDAP
16 8 (1.39%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (10.63%) SQL Server
2 40 (6.97%) MySQL
3 31 (5.40%) Relational Database
4 30 (5.23%) Azure SQL Database
4 30 (5.23%) MongoDB
5 28 (4.88%) NoSQL
6 27 (4.70%) RDBMS
7 26 (4.53%) Data Lake
8 20 (3.48%) PostgreSQL
9 19 (3.31%) Power BI
10 16 (2.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 15 (2.61%) HDInsight
11 15 (2.61%) Redis
12 12 (2.09%) Oracle Database
13 11 (1.92%) Amazon RDS
14 10 (1.74%) Big Data
15 9 (1.57%) Apache Cassandra
16 8 (1.39%) Data Warehouse
16 8 (1.39%) Oracle Database 12c
17 7 (1.22%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 153 (26.66%) Jenkins
2 97 (16.90%) Travis CI
3 59 (10.28%) CircleCI
3 59 (10.28%) Maven
4 53 (9.23%) IBM UrbanCode
5 52 (9.06%) Git (software)
6 51 (8.89%) Gradle
7 50 (8.71%) gulp
8 45 (7.84%) Visual Studio Team System
9 33 (5.75%) JIRA
10 26 (4.53%) Team Foundation Server
10 26 (4.53%) Visual Studio
11 21 (3.66%) Vagrant
12 17 (2.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 16 (2.79%) SonarQube
14 15 (2.61%) JUnit
15 13 (2.26%) Selenium
16 12 (2.09%) Ant
17 11 (1.92%) Sonatype Nexus
18 10 (1.74%) GitLab
General
1 41 (7.14%) Finance
2 13 (2.26%) Telecoms
3 11 (1.92%) Back Office
4 10 (1.74%) Banking
4 10 (1.74%) Billing
5 9 (1.57%) Retail
6 8 (1.39%) Law
7 7 (1.22%) Manufacturing
8 6 (1.05%) Marketing
9 5 (0.87%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.87%) Publishing
10 4 (0.70%) Aerospace
11 2 (0.35%) Advertising
11 2 (0.35%) Front Office
11 2 (0.35%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.35%) Legal
11 2 (0.35%) Military
11 2 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.17%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 171 (29.79%) DevOps Engineer
2 66 (11.50%) Architect
3 65 (11.32%) Azure Engineer
4 37 (6.45%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 34 (5.92%) Azure DevOps
6 33 (5.75%) Consultant
7 30 (5.23%) Administrator
7 30 (5.23%) Developer
8 28 (4.88%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 22 (3.83%) Systems Administrator
10 19 (3.31%) Cloud Engineer
11 18 (3.14%) Support Engineer
12 16 (2.79%) DBA
13 15 (2.61%) Analyst
13 15 (2.61%) Azure Architect
13 15 (2.61%) Systems Engineer
14 14 (2.44%) AWS Engineer
15 13 (2.26%) Cloud Architect
15 13 (2.26%) Storage Engineer
15 13 (2.26%) VMware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (5.23%) .NET
1 30 (5.23%) Elastic Stack
2 17 (2.96%) Web Services
3 15 (2.61%) HTML
3 15 (2.61%) Middleware
3 15 (2.61%) SAML
4 14 (2.44%) CSS
4 14 (2.44%) REST
4 14 (2.44%) RESTful
5 13 (2.26%) SOAP
6 12 (2.09%) Node.js
7 10 (1.74%) LDAP
8 9 (1.57%) JSP
8 9 (1.57%) LAMP
8 9 (1.57%) Oracle GoldenGate
8 9 (1.57%) WebSphere MQ
9 8 (1.39%) ASP.NET
9 8 (1.39%) JSON
9 8 (1.39%) MCollective
10 6 (1.05%) SAP PI
Miscellaneous
1 47 (8.19%) Data Centre
2 42 (7.32%) Clustering
3 25 (4.36%) Private Cloud
4 24 (4.18%) Analytical Skills
5 21 (3.66%) Hybrid Cloud
5 21 (3.66%) Linux Command Line
5 21 (3.66%) PKI
6 14 (2.44%) Self-Motivation
7 12 (2.09%) Fat Client
7 12 (2.09%) Replication
7 12 (2.09%) Thin Client
8 10 (1.74%) Mobile App
8 10 (1.74%) VxBlock/Vblock
9 9 (1.57%) NHS
10 8 (1.39%) Management Information System
11 7 (1.22%) HP StoreVirtual
12 6 (1.05%) iPhone
13 4 (0.70%) Blog
13 4 (0.70%) Fintech
13 4 (0.70%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 243 (42.33%) Windows
2 180 (31.36%) Linux
3 138 (24.04%) Windows Server
4 60 (10.45%) Windows Server 2012
5 47 (8.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 44 (7.67%) Unix
7 42 (7.32%) CentOS
8 37 (6.45%) Windows Server 2008
9 29 (5.05%) Ubuntu
10 20 (3.48%) Windows 10
11 19 (3.31%) Solaris
12 17 (2.96%) Windows 7
13 14 (2.44%) VMS
14 11 (1.92%) DC/OS
14 11 (1.92%) Oracle Linux
15 8 (1.39%) Windows Server 2003
16 7 (1.22%) Data ONTAP
16 7 (1.22%) Debian
16 7 (1.22%) SUSE
17 4 (0.70%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 231 (40.24%) DevOps
2 100 (17.42%) Continuous Integration
3 99 (17.25%) Agile Software Development
4 98 (17.07%) Open Source
5 79 (13.76%) Configuration Management
6 75 (13.07%) Test Automation
7 64 (11.15%) ITIL
8 62 (10.80%) Migration
9 57 (9.93%) Problem-Solving
10 51 (8.89%) Data Protection
10 51 (8.89%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 50 (8.71%) Microservices
12 45 (7.84%) Network Virtualisation
13 41 (7.14%) Analytics
13 41 (7.14%) Continuous Delivery
14 37 (6.45%) OO
15 36 (6.27%) Scrum
16 35 (6.10%) Performance Tuning
17 32 (5.57%) OOP
18 26 (4.53%) Digital Transformation Programme
Programming Languages
1 139 (24.22%) Java
2 136 (23.69%) PowerShell
3 97 (16.90%) Python
4 96 (16.72%) SQL
5 71 (12.37%) Groovy
6 63 (10.98%) Shell Script
7 27 (4.70%) Bash Shell
8 21 (3.66%) JavaScript
9 18 (3.14%) C#
10 15 (2.61%) Perl
11 9 (1.57%) Ruby
11 9 (1.57%) Scala
11 9 (1.57%) VB
12 8 (1.39%) C
12 8 (1.39%) Clojure
13 6 (1.05%) ABAP
13 6 (1.05%) C++
14 5 (0.87%) Go
14 5 (0.87%) PHP
15 4 (0.70%) XQuery
Qualifications
1 108 (18.82%) Security Cleared
2 66 (11.50%) SC Cleared
3 41 (7.14%) Microsoft Certification
4 30 (5.23%) DV Cleared
5 25 (4.36%) MCSE
6 18 (3.14%) Degree
7 17 (2.96%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 13 (2.26%) MCSA
9 12 (2.09%) Cisco Certification
10 9 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
11 8 (1.39%) AWS Certification
11 8 (1.39%) CCA
11 8 (1.39%) Citrix Certification
11 8 (1.39%) VCAP
12 7 (1.22%) CCNA
12 7 (1.22%) MCTS
12 7 (1.22%) VCP4
12 7 (1.22%) VCP5
13 6 (1.05%) OCP
13 6 (1.05%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (2.61%) QA
2 9 (1.57%) SLA
3 5 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.70%) GDPR
5 3 (0.52%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.52%) Government Security Classifications
6 2 (0.35%) COBIT
6 2 (0.35%) NIST 800
6 2 (0.35%) PMO
7 1 (0.17%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.17%) JSP 440
7 1 (0.17%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 122 (21.25%) VMware Infrastructure
2 120 (20.91%) Active Directory
3 108 (18.82%) Docker
4 66 (11.50%) Hyper-V
5 42 (7.32%) vSphere
6 35 (6.10%) VMware ESXi
7 19 (3.31%) Firmware
8 18 (3.14%) XenApp
9 17 (2.96%) vCloud
10 16 (2.79%) Virtual Servers
11 15 (2.61%) VirtualBox
12 14 (2.44%) NFS
13 11 (1.92%) VMware NSX
14 10 (1.74%) Oracle RAC
15 9 (1.57%) XenDesktop
16 8 (1.39%) Postfix
16 8 (1.39%) Squid
16 8 (1.39%) XenServer
17 6 (1.05%) iptables
18 5 (0.87%) KVM
Systems Management
1 142 (24.74%) Puppet
2 125 (21.78%) Ansible
3 114 (19.86%) Opscode Chef
4 73 (12.72%) Terraform
5 64 (11.15%) Kubernetes
6 49 (8.54%) SCCM
7 28 (4.88%) vCenter Server
8 25 (4.36%) Packer
9 21 (3.66%) Docker Swarm
10 20 (3.48%) SCOM
10 20 (3.48%) SCVMM
11 14 (2.44%) Single Sign-On
12 13 (2.26%) Microsoft Clustering
13 11 (1.92%) Data Guard
13 11 (1.92%) Nagios
13 11 (1.92%) WSUS
14 9 (1.57%) Kibana
14 9 (1.57%) logstash
14 9 (1.57%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 9 (1.57%) yum
Vendors
1 150 (26.13%) VMware
2 136 (23.69%) Microsoft
3 59 (10.28%) Citrix
4 52 (9.06%) Oracle
5 42 (7.32%) Cisco
6 33 (5.75%) HP
7 31 (5.40%) Google
8 28 (4.88%) Red Hat
9 23 (4.01%) IBM
10 21 (3.66%) McAfee
10 21 (3.66%) Splunk
11 19 (3.31%) New Relic
12 17 (2.96%) Dell
13 16 (2.79%) NetApp
14 15 (2.61%) CA
15 10 (1.74%) CheckPoint
15 10 (1.74%) SAP
16 9 (1.57%) MKS
17 8 (1.39%) Remedy
17 8 (1.39%) Symantec