Period
to 15 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 15 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
15 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 427 454 396
Rank change year-on-year +27 -58 0
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 518 425 599
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.55% 0.48% 0.59%
As % of the System Software category 3.85% 4.06% 4.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 357 252 389
England median daily rate £493 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +15.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £263 £232 £300
90th Percentile £700 £636 £550
UK median daily rate £493 £418 £425
% change year-on-year +17.96% -1.76% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 9 13
England median hourly rate £26.88 £18.70 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +43.72% -1.58% -20.00%
10th Percentile £15.24 £14.13 £13.10
90th Percentile £60.00 £51.26 £39.20
UK median hourly rate £26.88 £18.10 £24.25
% change year-on-year +48.48% -25.36% -12.61%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 13,446 10,469 12,152
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.39% 11.88% 12.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,748 6,762 7,735
England median daily rate £450 £425 £402
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +5.85% +14.71%
10th Percentile £185 £175 £180
90th Percentile £625 £594 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 804 592 808
England median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £15.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.13% +2.40% -5.30%
10th Percentile £11.14 £10.34 £10.50
90th Percentile £45.38 £44.88 £38.00
UK median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +3.13% - -0.87%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 15 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 15 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +15 224 £550 +15.79% 47
North of England +53 108 £475 +26.67% 23
South East -11 105 £425 +47.83% 24
North West +34 64 £475 +31.94% 18
Yorkshire +10 38 £450 -5.26% 4
South West -17 30 £493 +32.39% 8
Midlands -42 30 £388 -3.13% 13
East of England -17 19 £550 +29.41% 21
West Midlands -27 16 £325 -18.85% 10
East Midlands -18 14 £480 +20.00% 3
North East -2 6 £525 +69.35% 1
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 15 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 224 (43.24%) Windows
2 205 (39.58%) Linux
3 181 (34.94%) DevOps
4 158 (30.50%) VMware
5 144 (27.80%) Microsoft Azure
6 139 (26.83%) Puppet
7 135 (26.06%) Ansible
8 132 (25.48%) VMware Infrastructure
9 128 (24.71%) Jenkins
10 124 (23.94%) Java
11 119 (22.97%) Microsoft
12 116 (22.39%) Opscode Chef
13 115 (22.20%) Continuous Integration
14 114 (22.01%) Agile Software Development
15 111 (21.43%) Python
16 110 (21.24%) Security Cleared
17 107 (20.66%) Active Directory
18 105 (20.27%) Amazon AWS
18 105 (20.27%) Windows Server
19 104 (20.08%) Open Source
20 99 (19.11%) Docker
21 97 (18.73%) SC Cleared
22 93 (17.95%) Configuration Management
23 81 (15.64%) PowerShell
24 79 (15.25%) DNS
24 79 (15.25%) Travis CI
25 76 (14.67%) Hyper-V
25 76 (14.67%) SQL
26 74 (14.29%) Groovy
27 70 (13.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (10.23%) nginx
2 32 (6.18%) Tomcat
3 30 (5.79%) MS Exchange
4 29 (5.60%) Cloud Foundry
5 23 (4.44%) SharePoint
6 19 (3.67%) Apache
7 18 (3.47%) Exchange Server 2010
8 16 (3.09%) Confluence
9 15 (2.90%) JBoss
10 13 (2.51%) IIS
10 13 (2.51%) OpenStack
11 10 (1.93%) Exchange Server 2013
12 8 (1.54%) SAS
13 7 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
14 5 (0.97%) Jetty
14 5 (0.97%) Mule ESB
14 5 (0.97%) Skype for Business
14 5 (0.97%) WildFly
15 4 (0.77%) Apache Spark
15 4 (0.77%) WebSphere
Applications
1 28 (5.41%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (1.54%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.77%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
1 3 (0.58%) Payment Gateway
1 3 (0.58%) Teamcenter
2 1 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.19%) NetSuite
2 1 (0.19%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 144 (27.80%) Microsoft Azure
2 105 (20.27%) Amazon AWS
3 59 (11.39%) PaaS
4 52 (10.04%) Office 365
5 42 (8.11%) Google Cloud Platform
6 38 (7.34%) AWS CloudFormation
6 38 (7.34%) npm
7 31 (5.98%) GitHub
8 29 (5.60%) IaaS
9 28 (5.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 28 (5.41%) Azure Active Directory
10 26 (5.02%) Amazon EC2
11 20 (3.86%) SaaS
12 17 (3.28%) Datadog
13 14 (2.70%) Serverless
14 12 (2.32%) Azure Functions
15 11 (2.12%) Amazon S3
16 9 (1.74%) Amazon ELB
16 9 (1.74%) OpenShift
16 9 (1.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 79 (15.25%) DNS
2 59 (11.39%) TCP/IP
3 49 (9.46%) DHCP
4 47 (9.07%) HTTP
5 46 (8.88%) Firewall
6 35 (6.76%) VPN
7 30 (5.79%) SAN
8 28 (5.41%) FTP
8 28 (5.41%) SSL
9 21 (4.05%) IPsec
9 21 (4.05%) LAN
10 20 (3.86%) NAS
11 17 (3.28%) WAN
12 16 (3.09%) Internet
13 14 (2.70%) Network Security
13 14 (2.70%) VLAN
14 13 (2.51%) iSCSI
14 13 (2.51%) SSH
15 12 (2.32%) OpenVPN
16 11 (2.12%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (9.07%) SQL Server
2 44 (8.49%) MySQL
2 44 (8.49%) NoSQL
3 35 (6.76%) MongoDB
4 32 (6.18%) Relational Database
5 26 (5.02%) RDBMS
6 25 (4.83%) PostgreSQL
7 13 (2.51%) Big Data
8 11 (2.12%) Data Warehouse
8 11 (2.12%) Redis
9 10 (1.93%) Azure SQL Database
10 9 (1.74%) Cosmos DB
10 9 (1.74%) Data Lake
10 9 (1.74%) DB2
10 9 (1.74%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 8 (1.54%) Amazon RDS
11 8 (1.54%) Apache Cassandra
11 8 (1.54%) SQL Server 2012
12 7 (1.35%) Oracle Reports
12 7 (1.35%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 128 (24.71%) Jenkins
2 79 (15.25%) Travis CI
3 68 (13.13%) Git (software)
4 46 (8.88%) Maven
5 39 (7.53%) gulp
6 38 (7.34%) Gradle
7 35 (6.76%) Vagrant
8 31 (5.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 29 (5.60%) IBM UrbanCode
10 28 (5.41%) CircleCI
11 27 (5.21%) JIRA
12 25 (4.83%) Mercurial
12 25 (4.83%) Visual Studio Team System
13 21 (4.05%) Team Foundation Server
14 20 (3.86%) Ant
14 20 (3.86%) Selenium
15 19 (3.67%) JUnit
16 13 (2.51%) GitLab
17 10 (1.93%) Gerrit
17 10 (1.93%) Subversion
General
1 43 (8.30%) Finance
2 23 (4.44%) Banking
3 21 (4.05%) Telecoms
4 12 (2.32%) Retail
5 11 (2.12%) Publishing
6 10 (1.93%) Manufacturing
7 8 (1.54%) Legal
8 7 (1.35%) Games
9 6 (1.16%) Marketing
10 5 (0.97%) Back Office
11 4 (0.77%) Electronics
12 3 (0.58%) Advertising
12 3 (0.58%) Billing
12 3 (0.58%) Investment Banking
12 3 (0.58%) Law
13 2 (0.39%) Corporate Banking
13 2 (0.39%) Financial Institution
13 2 (0.39%) Front Office
13 2 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
14 1 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 144 (27.80%) DevOps Engineer
2 49 (9.46%) Architect
3 37 (7.14%) Consultant
4 30 (5.79%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 29 (5.60%) Developer
6 25 (4.83%) Support Engineer
7 23 (4.44%) Administrator
7 23 (4.44%) Analyst
8 21 (4.05%) Azure Engineer
9 17 (3.28%) Cloud Engineer
9 17 (3.28%) Java Developer
9 17 (3.28%) Solutions Architect
10 16 (3.09%) Systems Administrator
10 16 (3.09%) VMware Engineer
11 15 (2.90%) AWS Engineer
12 14 (2.70%) DBA
12 14 (2.70%) Operations Engineer
13 13 (2.51%) Senior DevOps
13 13 (2.51%) Systems Engineer
14 12 (2.32%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (6.95%) RESTful
2 28 (5.41%) Elastic Stack
3 21 (4.05%) JSON
3 21 (4.05%) SAML
4 20 (3.86%) .NET
5 19 (3.67%) Node.js
6 18 (3.47%) HTML
7 17 (3.28%) CSS
8 14 (2.70%) CSS3
8 14 (2.70%) HTML5
9 13 (2.51%) LDAP
9 13 (2.51%) XML
10 12 (2.32%) SOAP
11 11 (2.12%) JSP
11 11 (2.12%) RabbitMQ
11 11 (2.12%) Struts
12 10 (1.93%) Web Services
13 9 (1.74%) LAMP
13 9 (1.74%) Middleware
13 9 (1.74%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 38 (7.34%) Data Centre
2 34 (6.56%) Analytical Skills
3 31 (5.98%) Clustering
3 31 (5.98%) Linux Command Line
4 24 (4.63%) PKI
5 17 (3.28%) Management Information System
6 15 (2.90%) Replication
7 11 (2.12%) Computer Science
7 11 (2.12%) Mobile App
8 10 (1.93%) Fat Client
8 10 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
8 10 (1.93%) Thin Client
9 9 (1.74%) Hybrid Cloud
10 8 (1.54%) Enterprise Storage
10 8 (1.54%) FMCG
11 7 (1.35%) Blackberry
11 7 (1.35%) iPhone
12 6 (1.16%) MPEG
13 5 (0.97%) iPad
13 5 (0.97%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 224 (43.24%) Windows
2 205 (39.58%) Linux
3 105 (20.27%) Windows Server
4 70 (13.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 47 (9.07%) CentOS
6 43 (8.30%) Windows Server 2008
7 41 (7.92%) Windows Server 2012
8 36 (6.95%) Ubuntu
9 34 (6.56%) Unix
10 27 (5.21%) Windows 7
11 26 (5.02%) Windows 10
12 23 (4.44%) DC/OS
13 21 (4.05%) Windows Server 2003
14 9 (1.74%) Solaris
14 9 (1.74%) VMS
15 8 (1.54%) Oracle Linux
16 7 (1.35%) SUSE
17 6 (1.16%) Data ONTAP
18 4 (0.77%) Android
18 4 (0.77%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 181 (34.94%) DevOps
2 115 (22.20%) Continuous Integration
3 114 (22.01%) Agile Software Development
4 104 (20.08%) Open Source
5 93 (17.95%) Configuration Management
6 63 (12.16%) Problem-Solving
7 60 (11.58%) ITIL
8 57 (11.00%) Microservices
9 55 (10.62%) Test Automation
10 53 (10.23%) Migration
11 48 (9.27%) OO
11 48 (9.27%) OOP
12 40 (7.72%) Digital Transformation Programme
13 39 (7.53%) Deployment Automation
13 39 (7.53%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 39 (7.53%) Scrum
14 35 (6.76%) SOA
15 34 (6.56%) Mentoring
16 30 (5.79%) Change Management
16 30 (5.79%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 124 (23.94%) Java
2 111 (21.43%) Python
3 81 (15.64%) PowerShell
4 76 (14.67%) SQL
5 74 (14.29%) Groovy
6 47 (9.07%) Bash Shell
7 40 (7.72%) Shell Script
8 37 (7.14%) JavaScript
9 28 (5.41%) Scala
10 20 (3.86%) Clojure
11 19 (3.67%) Perl
12 17 (3.28%) Ruby
13 14 (2.70%) VBScript
14 11 (2.12%) C#
15 10 (1.93%) C
15 10 (1.93%) Go
16 6 (1.16%) PHP
17 5 (0.97%) VB
18 4 (0.77%) Apex Code
18 4 (0.77%) Erlang
Qualifications
1 110 (21.24%) Security Cleared
2 97 (18.73%) SC Cleared
3 35 (6.76%) Microsoft Certification
4 22 (4.25%) Cisco Certification
5 19 (3.67%) Degree
6 18 (3.47%) MCSA
7 16 (3.09%) CCNP
7 16 (3.09%) MCSE
8 13 (2.51%) CCNA
9 12 (2.32%) DV Cleared
10 9 (1.74%) Computer Science Degree
11 8 (1.54%) AWS Certification
11 8 (1.54%) CISSP
12 7 (1.35%) CISM
12 7 (1.35%) RHCE
13 6 (1.16%) CCDP
13 6 (1.16%) Chartered Engineer
13 6 (1.16%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 5 (0.97%) MCP
14 5 (0.97%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (2.70%) QA
2 10 (1.93%) SLA
3 9 (1.74%) Data Quality
4 6 (1.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.97%) GCP
6 3 (0.58%) COBIT
7 2 (0.39%) GDPR
7 2 (0.39%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.39%) PMO
7 2 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.19%) Government Security Classifications
8 1 (0.19%) HL7
8 1 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.19%) JSP 440
System Software
1 132 (25.48%) VMware Infrastructure
2 107 (20.66%) Active Directory
3 99 (19.11%) Docker
4 76 (14.67%) Hyper-V
5 35 (6.76%) vSphere
6 31 (5.98%) VMware ESXi
7 26 (5.02%) VirtualBox
8 16 (3.09%) NFS
8 16 (3.09%) Virtual Servers
8 16 (3.09%) XenApp
9 12 (2.32%) Postfix
9 12 (2.32%) Squid
10 11 (2.12%) Oracle RAC
11 10 (1.93%) Firmware
12 9 (1.74%) vCloud
13 8 (1.54%) Microsoft App-V
13 8 (1.54%) VMware NSX
13 8 (1.54%) Xen
14 7 (1.35%) iptables
15 6 (1.16%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 139 (26.83%) Puppet
2 135 (26.06%) Ansible
3 116 (22.39%) Opscode Chef
4 68 (13.13%) Terraform
5 65 (12.55%) Kubernetes
6 56 (10.81%) SCCM
7 37 (7.14%) Packer
8 31 (5.98%) Docker Swarm
9 22 (4.25%) WSUS
10 21 (4.05%) SCOM
11 20 (3.86%) vCenter Server
12 17 (3.28%) Failover Clustering
12 17 (3.28%) Microsoft Clustering
13 15 (2.90%) Single Sign-On
13 15 (2.90%) ZABBIX
14 11 (2.12%) Data Guard
14 11 (2.12%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 11 (2.12%) Microsoft Intune
14 11 (2.12%) SCVMM
15 10 (1.93%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 158 (30.50%) VMware
2 119 (22.97%) Microsoft
3 58 (11.20%) Citrix
4 51 (9.85%) Cisco
5 44 (8.49%) Google
6 43 (8.30%) Red Hat
7 42 (8.11%) Oracle
8 33 (6.37%) HP
9 32 (6.18%) Splunk
10 22 (4.25%) New Relic
11 21 (4.05%) NetApp
12 20 (3.86%) McAfee
13 19 (3.67%) IBM
14 14 (2.70%) Ivanti
15 12 (2.32%) Dell
15 12 (2.32%) SAP
16 11 (2.12%) Fortinet
17 9 (1.74%) MKS
17 9 (1.74%) Symantec
18 8 (1.54%) CheckPoint