Period
to 19 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 399 433 445
Rank change year-on-year +34 +12 -31
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 476 514 456
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.59% 0.55% 0.50%
As % of the System Software category 3.76% 3.70% 4.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 306 364 268
England median daily rate £475 £493 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.55% +15.88% -
10th Percentile £313 £275 £230
90th Percentile £688 £700 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £493 £418
% change year-on-year -3.55% +17.96% -1.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 14 10
England median hourly rate £39.75 £19.85 £46.42
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +100.25% -57.23% +106.29%
10th Percentile £14.37 £15.24 £17.96
90th Percentile £43.66 £46.83 £49.55
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £19.85 £45.00
% change year-on-year +111.59% -55.89% +71.43%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 12,646 13,895 11,048
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.56% 14.76% 12.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,485 9,056 7,149
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £181 £185 £165
90th Percentile £638 £625 £596
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 555 818 627
England median hourly rate £16.50 £16.50 £16.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -1.20% +4.38%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.75 £10.40
90th Percentile £47.83 £44.34 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £16.98 £16.13 £16.68
% change year-on-year +5.22% -3.28% +1.09%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 19 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 19 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 19 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 184 £525 -4.55% 38
South East +38 109 £475 +12.56% 44
North of England -11 68 £450 -8.16% 25
South West +19 59 £475 -3.55% 11
Midlands +30 38 £413 +13.01% 12
North West -14 36 £498 -0.50% 17
Yorkshire +16 29 £313 -30.56% 8
West Midlands +36 23 £438 +31.09% 6
East of England +27 18 £475 -17.39% 13
East Midlands +20 15 £338 -29.69% 6
North East +17 3 £425 -19.05%
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 19 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 234 (49.16%) Windows
2 179 (37.61%) Microsoft
3 171 (35.92%) Azure
4 161 (33.82%) DevOps
5 151 (31.72%) Linux
6 142 (29.83%) Active Directory
7 126 (26.47%) PowerShell
8 113 (23.74%) Agile Software Development
8 113 (23.74%) VMware
9 103 (21.64%) Windows Server
10 98 (20.59%) DNS
11 95 (19.96%) Jenkins
11 95 (19.96%) Puppet
12 93 (19.54%) Security Cleared
13 92 (19.33%) Configuration Management
14 91 (19.12%) Kubernetes
15 87 (18.28%) DHCP
16 86 (18.07%) VMware Infrastructure
17 83 (17.44%) Continuous Integration
18 82 (17.23%) ITIL
19 79 (16.60%) Java
19 79 (16.60%) Hyper-V
19 79 (16.60%) Docker
20 78 (16.39%) Opscode Chef
21 77 (16.18%) SCCM
22 73 (15.34%) IaaS
22 73 (15.34%) PaaS
23 72 (15.13%) SQL
24 69 (14.50%) Test Automation
25 68 (14.29%) AWS

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (6.09%) SharePoint
2 25 (5.25%) nginx
3 24 (5.04%) Tomcat
4 21 (4.41%) MS Exchange
5 20 (4.20%) Apache
6 19 (3.99%) Skype for Business
7 16 (3.36%) Exchange Server 2010
8 15 (3.15%) IIS
9 14 (2.94%) Confluence
10 13 (2.73%) WebSphere
11 9 (1.89%) Cloud Foundry
12 8 (1.68%) Exchange Server 2013
12 8 (1.68%) OpenStack
13 7 (1.47%) WebLogic
14 6 (1.26%) Elasticsearch
14 6 (1.26%) JBoss
15 4 (0.84%) Oracle Workflow
15 4 (0.84%) SharePoint 2013
15 4 (0.84%) SharePoint Server
15 4 (0.84%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 18 (3.78%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (1.68%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.63%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.63%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.21%) InDesign
4 1 (0.21%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.21%) SketchUp
Business Applications
1 5 (1.05%) Oracle Applications
2 4 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.84%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.63%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.21%) FLEXCUBE
4 1 (0.21%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 171 (35.92%) Azure
2 73 (15.34%) IaaS
2 73 (15.34%) PaaS
3 68 (14.29%) AWS
4 29 (6.09%) Office 365
5 27 (5.67%) Azure Active Directory
6 22 (4.62%) GCP
7 20 (4.20%) npm
8 16 (3.36%) OpenShift
8 16 (3.36%) Serverless
9 14 (2.94%) Power Platform
10 12 (2.52%) Amazon ECS
10 12 (2.52%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 12 (2.52%) Dynamics 365
11 10 (2.10%) Azure Data Factory
12 8 (1.68%) GitHub
13 7 (1.47%) AWS CloudFormation
14 6 (1.26%) SaaS
15 4 (0.84%) Apigee
15 4 (0.84%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 98 (20.59%) DNS
2 87 (18.28%) DHCP
3 47 (9.87%) HTTP
4 45 (9.45%) TCP/IP
5 40 (8.40%) SSL
6 37 (7.77%) FTP
7 34 (7.14%) IPsec
8 33 (6.93%) Firewall
8 33 (6.93%) SAN
9 21 (4.41%) iSCSI
10 15 (3.15%) Skype
11 13 (2.73%) NAS
12 12 (2.52%) WAN
13 11 (2.31%) LAN
14 10 (2.10%) VPN
15 8 (1.68%) Remote Desktop
15 8 (1.68%) VLAN
16 7 (1.47%) Fibre Channel
16 7 (1.47%) Internet
16 7 (1.47%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (13.66%) SQL Server
2 53 (11.13%) MySQL
3 38 (7.98%) NoSQL
4 37 (7.77%) Relational Database
5 35 (7.35%) MongoDB
6 34 (7.14%) RDBMS
7 29 (6.09%) Azure SQL Database
8 17 (3.57%) Data Lake
9 16 (3.36%) Data Warehouse
10 15 (3.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 14 (2.94%) Oracle Database
11 14 (2.94%) Power BI
12 11 (2.31%) HDInsight
13 9 (1.89%) Cosmos DB
13 9 (1.89%) SQL Server 2014
13 9 (1.89%) SQL Server 2016
14 8 (1.68%) Big Data
14 8 (1.68%) Redis
15 7 (1.47%) SQL Server 2012
16 6 (1.26%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 95 (19.96%) Jenkins
2 53 (11.13%) Visual Studio Team System
3 52 (10.92%) Git (software)
4 40 (8.40%) Travis CI
5 36 (7.56%) Visual Studio
6 23 (4.83%) JIRA
6 23 (4.83%) MSI
7 22 (4.62%) Maven
8 18 (3.78%) Gradle
9 16 (3.36%) gulp
10 14 (2.94%) Bitbucket
10 14 (2.94%) ReSharper
11 12 (2.52%) TeamCity
12 8 (1.68%) GitLab
12 8 (1.68%) JUnit
12 8 (1.68%) Sonatype Nexus
13 7 (1.47%) CircleCI
14 6 (1.26%) Jasmine
14 6 (1.26%) Selenium
15 4 (0.84%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 56 (11.76%) Finance
2 20 (4.20%) Public Sector
3 13 (2.73%) Banking
3 13 (2.73%) Publishing
4 10 (2.10%) Billing
4 10 (2.10%) Retail
5 8 (1.68%) Advertising
5 8 (1.68%) Marketing
6 7 (1.47%) Telecoms
7 4 (0.84%) Financial Institution
8 3 (0.63%) French Language
8 3 (0.63%) German Language
8 3 (0.63%) Law
9 1 (0.21%) Back Office
9 1 (0.21%) Corporate Banking
9 1 (0.21%) Electronics
9 1 (0.21%) Front Office
9 1 (0.21%) Italian Language
9 1 (0.21%) Legal
9 1 (0.21%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 105 (22.06%) DevOps Engineer
2 53 (11.13%) Azure Engineer
3 39 (8.19%) Developer
4 37 (7.77%) Administrator
4 37 (7.77%) Azure DevOps
4 37 (7.77%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 36 (7.56%) Architect
6 31 (6.51%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 24 (5.04%) Analyst
8 23 (4.83%) Support Engineer
9 22 (4.62%) Wintel Engineer
10 19 (3.99%) 3rd Line Engineer
11 18 (3.78%) Automation Engineer
11 18 (3.78%) Systems Administrator
12 17 (3.57%) Technical Architect
13 16 (3.36%) Azure Architect
14 15 (3.15%) Cloud Engineer
15 14 (2.94%) C# Developer
16 13 (2.73%) DevOps Automation Engineer
16 13 (2.73%) Server Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (8.19%) .NET
2 21 (4.41%) JSON
2 21 (4.41%) Web Services
3 17 (3.57%) Node.js
4 13 (2.73%) .NET Framework
4 13 (2.73%) HTML
5 12 (2.52%) CSS
5 12 (2.52%) SAML
6 10 (2.10%) Middleware
7 7 (1.47%) AngularJS
7 7 (1.47%) ASP.NET
7 7 (1.47%) XML
8 6 (1.26%) LDAP
8 6 (1.26%) Spring
8 6 (1.26%) YAML
9 5 (1.05%) ASP.NET MVC
9 5 (1.05%) jQuery
9 5 (1.05%) Oracle GoldenGate
9 5 (1.05%) RESTful
10 4 (0.84%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 65 (13.66%) Data Centre
2 48 (10.08%) Clustering
3 38 (7.98%) Analytical Skills
4 29 (6.09%) Linux Command Line
5 19 (3.99%) User Experience
6 16 (3.36%) Management Information System
6 16 (3.36%) Public Cloud
7 12 (2.52%) Hybrid Cloud
8 11 (2.31%) Greenfield Project
9 10 (2.10%) VxBlock/Vblock
10 8 (1.68%) Replication
11 7 (1.47%) Self-Motivation
12 4 (0.84%) Enterprise Software
12 4 (0.84%) HP StoreVirtual
12 4 (0.84%) NHS
12 4 (0.84%) Private Cloud
13 3 (0.63%) HACMP
13 3 (0.63%) SCADA
14 2 (0.42%) Taxonomies
14 2 (0.42%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 234 (49.16%) Windows
2 151 (31.72%) Linux
3 103 (21.64%) Windows Server
4 55 (11.55%) Windows 10
5 49 (10.29%) Windows Server 2012
6 34 (7.14%) Windows Server 2008
7 28 (5.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 25 (5.25%) Unix
9 22 (4.62%) Windows 7
10 14 (2.94%) Solaris
11 11 (2.31%) Oracle Linux
12 8 (1.68%) VMS
12 8 (1.68%) Windows Server 2003
13 7 (1.47%) Data ONTAP
13 7 (1.47%) HPUX
14 6 (1.26%) CentOS
15 5 (1.05%) AIX
16 4 (0.84%) Android
16 4 (0.84%) SUSE
17 3 (0.63%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 161 (33.82%) DevOps
2 113 (23.74%) Agile Software Development
3 92 (19.33%) Configuration Management
4 83 (17.44%) Continuous Integration
5 82 (17.23%) ITIL
6 69 (14.50%) Test Automation
7 60 (12.61%) Open Source
8 59 (12.39%) Microservices
9 57 (11.97%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 52 (10.92%) Migration
11 45 (9.45%) Analytics
12 41 (8.61%) OO
13 38 (7.98%) Problem-Solving
14 37 (7.77%) Data Protection
15 35 (7.35%) OOP
16 34 (7.14%) Infrastructure as Code
17 33 (6.93%) Thought Leadership
18 32 (6.72%) Scrum
18 32 (6.72%) Target Operating Model
19 28 (5.88%) Network Virtualisation
Programming Languages
1 126 (26.47%) PowerShell
2 79 (16.60%) Java
3 72 (15.13%) SQL
4 65 (13.66%) Python
5 49 (10.29%) C#
6 41 (8.61%) Bash Shell
7 23 (4.83%) JavaScript
7 23 (4.83%) Ruby
8 22 (4.62%) Shell Script
9 17 (3.57%) Groovy
10 11 (2.31%) C
11 9 (1.89%) Perl
12 8 (1.68%) Go
13 7 (1.47%) C++
13 7 (1.47%) VB
13 7 (1.47%) VBScript
14 5 (1.05%) PHP
14 5 (1.05%) PL/SQL
15 4 (0.84%) TypeScript
16 3 (0.63%) Scala
Qualifications
1 93 (19.54%) Security Cleared
2 45 (9.45%) DV Cleared
3 41 (8.61%) SC Cleared
4 25 (5.25%) Degree
5 23 (4.83%) Microsoft Certification
6 15 (3.15%) MCSE
7 13 (2.73%) ITIL Certification
7 13 (2.73%) MCSA
8 10 (2.10%) MCP
9 6 (1.26%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
9 6 (1.26%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 5 (1.05%) CCNA
11 4 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (0.84%) Citrix Certification
11 4 (0.84%) NCDA
11 4 (0.84%) NCIE
11 4 (0.84%) NCSIE
12 3 (0.63%) VCAP
12 3 (0.63%) VCP4
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (3.99%) SLA
2 7 (1.47%) NCSC
3 6 (1.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (1.26%) QA
4 5 (1.05%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.84%) Government Security Classifications
6 3 (0.63%) COBIT
6 3 (0.63%) Cyber Essentials
7 2 (0.42%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.21%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.21%) GAMP
8 1 (0.21%) GDPR
8 1 (0.21%) HAZOP
8 1 (0.21%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.21%) NIST
8 1 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.21%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 142 (29.83%) Active Directory
2 86 (18.07%) VMware Infrastructure
3 79 (16.60%) Docker
3 79 (16.60%) Hyper-V
4 43 (9.03%) VMware ESXi
5 29 (6.09%) Virtual Desktop
6 26 (5.46%) vSphere
7 23 (4.83%) NFS
8 18 (3.78%) Microsoft App-V
8 18 (3.78%) XenDesktop
9 14 (2.94%) DFS Replication
10 11 (2.31%) XenApp
11 9 (1.89%) LXC
12 8 (1.68%) Firmware
12 8 (1.68%) vCloud
13 7 (1.47%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 6 (1.26%) Gluster
14 6 (1.26%) Virtual Servers
14 6 (1.26%) VirtualBox
15 5 (1.05%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 95 (19.96%) Puppet
2 91 (19.12%) Kubernetes
3 78 (16.39%) Opscode Chef
4 77 (16.18%) SCCM
5 61 (12.82%) Ansible
6 44 (9.24%) SCVMM
7 41 (8.61%) Terraform
8 36 (7.56%) SCOM
9 34 (7.14%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
10 29 (6.09%) Microsoft Clustering
10 29 (6.09%) WSUS
11 25 (5.25%) vCenter Server
12 19 (3.99%) Failover Clustering
13 17 (3.57%) Microsoft Intune
14 15 (3.15%) SCDPM
15 14 (2.94%) SCSM
16 11 (2.31%) SCOrch
17 8 (1.68%) Cisco CUCM
17 8 (1.68%) Data Guard
18 7 (1.47%) vMotion
Vendors
1 179 (37.61%) Microsoft
2 113 (23.74%) VMware
3 50 (10.50%) Oracle
4 48 (10.08%) Citrix
5 34 (7.14%) Red Hat
6 32 (6.72%) Cisco
7 24 (5.04%) HP
8 17 (3.57%) Google
9 14 (2.94%) NetApp
10 9 (1.89%) Dell
10 9 (1.89%) Symantec
11 7 (1.47%) Databricks
11 7 (1.47%) Veeam
12 6 (1.26%) F5
12 6 (1.26%) Ivanti
12 6 (1.26%) McAfee
12 6 (1.26%) Palo Alto
12 6 (1.26%) Qualys
13 5 (1.05%) CheckPoint
13 5 (1.05%) Sophos