Period
to 24 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 24 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 326 387 429
Rank change year-on-year +61 +42 +4
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 168 446 510
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.61% 0.58% 0.54%
As % of the System Software category 4.28% 3.71% 3.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 110 291 385
Median daily rate £500 £473 £493
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.82% -4.06% +13.54%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £291
90th Percentile £601 £638 £700
UK median daily rate £500 £463 £493
% change year-on-year +8.11% -6.09% +17.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 9 11
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +90.48% -54.76%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year -16.67% +100.00% -53.33%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 3,926 12,014 14,424
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.36% 15.59% 15.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,470 8,048 9,481
Median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £222 £175 £185
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 176 568 819
Median hourly rate £19.39 £16.50 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.52% +3.13% -4.79%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.58
90th Percentile £48.34 £47.50 £43.75
Median hourly rate £19.45 £17.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +14.38% +6.25% -4.48%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +134 97 £500 +0.25% 13
South East +112 34 £525 +13.51% 17
South West +67 8 £381 -17.57% 4
Midlands +64 8 £450 +11.11% 9
North of England +59 8 £360 -20.00% 14
Yorkshire +61 7 £388 -12.31% 4
East of England +78 6 £345 -27.37% 4
West Midlands +51 5 £450 +10.09% 7
East Midlands +41 3 - - 2
North West +45 1 £360 -23.81% 7
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 24 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 90 (53.57%) Windows
2 59 (35.12%) Security Cleared
3 55 (32.74%) Linux
4 54 (32.14%) DNS
5 50 (29.76%) SC Cleared
6 47 (27.98%) Firewall
7 46 (27.38%) Azure
8 44 (26.19%) Microsoft
9 43 (25.60%) VMware
10 41 (24.40%) VMware Infrastructure
11 40 (23.81%) Active Directory
12 38 (22.62%) Oracle
12 38 (22.62%) DevOps
13 35 (20.83%) PowerShell
14 32 (19.05%) Migration
15 31 (18.45%) DHCP
15 31 (18.45%) PaaS
16 29 (17.26%) IaaS
17 26 (15.48%) Patch Management
17 26 (15.48%) Bash Shell
17 26 (15.48%) DV Cleared
17 26 (15.48%) ITIL
17 26 (15.48%) VPN
18 25 (14.88%) Windows 10
18 25 (14.88%) Windows Server
19 24 (14.29%) Terraform
19 24 (14.29%) Hyper-V
20 23 (13.69%) C
20 23 (13.69%) Python
21 22 (13.10%) Agile Software Development

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (8.33%) Exchange Server 2010
1 14 (8.33%) MS Exchange
2 10 (5.95%) IIS
2 10 (5.95%) nginx
3 9 (5.36%) Cloud Foundry
3 9 (5.36%) SharePoint
4 7 (4.17%) Skype for Business
5 5 (2.98%) CMS
6 3 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
6 3 (1.79%) OpenStack
6 3 (1.79%) SAS
7 2 (1.19%) Confluence
7 2 (1.19%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.60%) Apache
8 1 (0.60%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.60%) MQSeries
8 1 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 9 (5.36%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (4.76%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (2.38%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.60%) AutoCAD
4 1 (0.60%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.60%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 1 (0.60%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 46 (27.38%) Azure
2 31 (18.45%) PaaS
3 29 (17.26%) IaaS
4 18 (10.71%) Office 365
5 14 (8.33%) GCP
6 9 (5.36%) AWS
6 9 (5.36%) npm
6 9 (5.36%) SaaS
7 8 (4.76%) Power Platform
8 7 (4.17%) Serverless
9 6 (3.57%) Azure Active Directory
9 6 (3.57%) Logic Apps
10 5 (2.98%) Azure Functions
10 5 (2.98%) GitHub
10 5 (2.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 4 (2.38%) Azure Data Factory
11 4 (2.38%) PowerApps
12 3 (1.79%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
12 3 (1.79%) AWS Lambda
12 3 (1.79%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 54 (32.14%) DNS
2 47 (27.98%) Firewall
3 31 (18.45%) DHCP
4 26 (15.48%) VPN
5 21 (12.50%) LAN
6 20 (11.90%) SAN
7 18 (10.71%) Network Security
8 14 (8.33%) OSPF
8 14 (8.33%) TCP/IP
8 14 (8.33%) WAN
9 12 (7.14%) Skype
9 12 (7.14%) SNMP
9 12 (7.14%) TACACS
10 11 (6.55%) DMZ
10 11 (6.55%) Internet
11 10 (5.95%) VSAN
12 7 (4.17%) IPv4
12 7 (4.17%) iSCSI
13 4 (2.38%) Ethernet
13 4 (2.38%) H.323
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (10.12%) SQL Server
2 10 (5.95%) BigQuery
3 5 (2.98%) Azure SQL Database
3 5 (2.98%) Power BI
4 4 (2.38%) Cosmos DB
4 4 (2.38%) Oracle Database
4 4 (2.38%) Redis
5 3 (1.79%) Big Data
5 3 (1.79%) Data Warehouse
5 3 (1.79%) MySQL
5 3 (1.79%) Oracle Database 10g
5 3 (1.79%) Oracle Database 12c
6 2 (1.19%) DB2
6 2 (1.19%) Oracle Database 11g
6 2 (1.19%) Oracle Reports
6 2 (1.19%) Oracle9i Database
6 2 (1.19%) PostgreSQL
6 2 (1.19%) Relational Database
6 2 (1.19%) SQL Server 2012
6 2 (1.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 17 (10.12%) Jenkins
2 15 (8.93%) Git (software)
3 10 (5.95%) Gradle
4 9 (5.36%) CircleCI
4 9 (5.36%) gulp
4 9 (5.36%) Maven
4 9 (5.36%) Travis CI
5 4 (2.38%) TeamCity
6 3 (1.79%) GitLab
6 3 (1.79%) JMeter
6 3 (1.79%) Octopus Deploy
7 2 (1.19%) JIRA
7 2 (1.19%) Sonatype Nexus
7 2 (1.19%) Subversion
7 2 (1.19%) Team Foundation Server
8 1 (0.60%) HP UFT
8 1 (0.60%) JUnit
8 1 (0.60%) NUnit
8 1 (0.60%) Toad
8 1 (0.60%) Visual Studio
General
1 14 (8.33%) Finance
2 8 (4.76%) Public Sector
3 7 (4.17%) Banking
4 5 (2.98%) Front Office
5 3 (1.79%) Aerospace
5 3 (1.79%) Back Office
6 1 (0.60%) Law
6 1 (0.60%) Military
6 1 (0.60%) Publishing
6 1 (0.60%) Retail
6 1 (0.60%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 22 (13.10%) Cloud Engineer
2 18 (10.71%) Architect
3 15 (8.93%) Developer
4 9 (5.36%) Azure Engineer
4 9 (5.36%) Consultant
5 8 (4.76%) DevOps Engineer
5 8 (4.76%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 7 (4.17%) Technical Support
7 6 (3.57%) 3rd Line Engineer
7 6 (3.57%) Administrator
7 6 (3.57%) Cloud Architect
7 6 (3.57%) Network Engineer
7 6 (3.57%) Support Officer
7 6 (3.57%) Technical Support Officer
8 5 (2.98%) Linux Engineer
8 5 (2.98%) VMware Engineer
9 4 (2.38%) Analyst
9 4 (2.38%) Azure Specialist
9 4 (2.38%) DBA
9 4 (2.38%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11 (6.55%) Node.js
2 7 (4.17%) Oracle Fusion
3 5 (2.98%) SAML
4 4 (2.38%) OAuth
4 4 (2.38%) OpenID
4 4 (2.38%) WebRTC
4 4 (2.38%) XML
5 3 (1.79%) .NET
5 3 (1.79%) YAML
6 2 (1.19%) .NET Core
6 2 (1.19%) ASP.NET
6 2 (1.19%) Jinja
6 2 (1.19%) LDAP
6 2 (1.19%) Microsoft Graph
6 2 (1.19%) Middleware
6 2 (1.19%) REST
6 2 (1.19%) Web Services
7 1 (0.60%) CGI
7 1 (0.60%) CSS
7 1 (0.60%) Seaborn
Miscellaneous
1 15 (8.93%) Public Cloud
2 14 (8.33%) Data Centre
3 11 (6.55%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (6.55%) Management Information System
4 10 (5.95%) HP StoreVirtual
5 8 (4.76%) Hybrid Cloud
6 7 (4.17%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 6 (3.57%) iPad
7 6 (3.57%) Video Conferencing
8 5 (2.98%) Clustering
8 5 (2.98%) Private Cloud
9 4 (2.38%) Linux Command Line
9 4 (2.38%) Replication
9 4 (2.38%) Tandem
10 3 (1.79%) Cloud Native
10 3 (1.79%) Enterprise Software
10 3 (1.79%) User Experience
11 2 (1.19%) Self-Motivation
12 1 (0.60%) Cyber Defence
12 1 (0.60%) Security Operations Centre
Operating Systems
1 90 (53.57%) Windows
2 55 (32.74%) Linux
3 25 (14.88%) Windows 10
3 25 (14.88%) Windows Server
4 20 (11.90%) Unix
5 16 (9.52%) Windows Server 2008
6 14 (8.33%) Windows Server 2016
7 11 (6.55%) Windows Server 2012
8 7 (4.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (2.98%) Windows 7
9 5 (2.98%) Windows Server 2019
10 4 (2.38%) Windows NT
10 4 (2.38%) Windows XP
11 3 (1.79%) CentOS
11 3 (1.79%) Data ONTAP
11 3 (1.79%) Ubuntu
11 3 (1.79%) VMS
11 3 (1.79%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (1.19%) Solaris
13 1 (0.60%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 38 (22.62%) DevOps
2 32 (19.05%) Migration
3 26 (15.48%) ITIL
3 26 (15.48%) Patch Management
4 22 (13.10%) Agile Software Development
4 22 (13.10%) Mentoring
5 21 (12.50%) Network Virtualisation
6 18 (10.71%) High Availability
7 17 (10.12%) Data Protection
8 13 (7.74%) Vulnerability Management
9 12 (7.14%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 11 (6.55%) Problem-Solving
11 10 (5.95%) Infrastructure as Code
11 10 (5.95%) Load Balancing
12 9 (5.36%) Service Management
13 8 (4.76%) Capacity Planning
13 8 (4.76%) Dashboard Development
14 7 (4.17%) Configuration Management
14 7 (4.17%) Infrastructure Automation
14 7 (4.17%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 35 (20.83%) PowerShell
2 26 (15.48%) Bash Shell
3 23 (13.69%) C
3 23 (13.69%) Python
4 21 (12.50%) Java
5 17 (10.12%) SQL
6 14 (8.33%) Shell Script
7 6 (3.57%) Perl
8 5 (2.98%) T-SQL
9 4 (2.38%) C#
10 3 (1.79%) Groovy
11 2 (1.19%) Clojure
11 2 (1.19%) Go
11 2 (1.19%) Korn
11 2 (1.19%) PL/SQL
11 2 (1.19%) Ruby
11 2 (1.19%) Scala
11 2 (1.19%) VB
11 2 (1.19%) VBScript
12 1 (0.60%) SAS Macro
Qualifications
1 59 (35.12%) Security Cleared
2 50 (29.76%) SC Cleared
3 26 (15.48%) DV Cleared
4 11 (6.55%) ITIL Certification
5 7 (4.17%) Microsoft Certification
6 6 (3.57%) Cisco Certification
7 5 (2.98%) CCIE
7 5 (2.98%) Degree
8 4 (2.38%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 4 (2.38%) MCSA
9 3 (1.79%) DBS Check
10 2 (1.19%) CCNP
11 1 (0.60%) CCNA
11 1 (0.60%) CISSP
11 1 (0.60%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 1 (0.60%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (6.55%) Government Security Classifications
2 10 (5.95%) NCSC
3 9 (5.36%) SLA
4 8 (4.76%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 3 (1.79%) QA
6 1 (0.60%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.60%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.60%) PMO
System Software
1 41 (24.40%) VMware Infrastructure
2 40 (23.81%) Active Directory
3 24 (14.29%) Hyper-V
4 20 (11.90%) Docker
5 19 (11.31%) VMware ESXi
6 12 (7.14%) vSphere
7 9 (5.36%) NFS
8 8 (4.76%) VMware NSX
9 5 (2.98%) VMFS
10 3 (1.79%) Virtual Desktop
10 3 (1.79%) Virtual Servers
10 3 (1.79%) VMware Server
11 2 (1.19%) KVM
11 2 (1.19%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (1.19%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (1.19%) Xen
12 1 (0.60%) Firmware
12 1 (0.60%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 1 (0.60%) Samba
12 1 (0.60%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 24 (14.29%) Terraform
2 20 (11.90%) Kubernetes
3 18 (10.71%) Ansible
4 17 (10.12%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
5 11 (6.55%) vCenter Server
5 11 (6.55%) WSUS
6 9 (5.36%) Argo
6 9 (5.36%) vRealize
7 8 (4.76%) Opscode Chef
8 7 (4.17%) Nessus
8 7 (4.17%) Norton AntiVirus
8 7 (4.17%) SCCM
8 7 (4.17%) vMotion
9 6 (3.57%) Microsoft Intune
10 5 (2.98%) Puppet
10 5 (2.98%) SCOM
11 4 (2.38%) Cisco CUCM
11 4 (2.38%) SCVMM
12 3 (1.79%) Backup Exec
12 3 (1.79%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 44 (26.19%) Microsoft
2 43 (25.60%) VMware
3 38 (22.62%) Oracle
4 22 (13.10%) Splunk
5 18 (10.71%) Palo Alto
6 17 (10.12%) HP
7 14 (8.33%) Google
8 12 (7.14%) Fortinet
8 12 (7.14%) Symantec
9 10 (5.95%) Cisco
9 10 (5.95%) Dell
10 8 (4.76%) Citrix
11 7 (4.17%) Lumension
11 7 (4.17%) NetApp
11 7 (4.17%) Red Hat
11 7 (4.17%) Sophos
12 6 (3.57%) AppDynamics
12 6 (3.57%) SolarWinds
13 5 (2.98%) Veeam
14 4 (2.38%) Polycom