Period
to 22 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 22 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 424 419 429
Rank change year-on-year -5 +10 -38
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 509 484 535
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.54% 0.53% 0.55%
As % of the System Software category 3.55% 4.27% 4.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 376 284 369
England median daily rate £493 £425 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +15.88% -2.86% +7.49%
10th Percentile £281 £216 £300
90th Percentile £700 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £490 £418 £434
% change year-on-year +17.37% -3.75% +8.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 11 11
England median hourly rate £21.00 £45.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -53.33% +100.00% -28.57%
10th Percentile £15.24 £18.70 £12.25
90th Percentile £47.83 £47.83 £28.75
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £43.21 £26.25
% change year-on-year -51.40% +64.60% -17.97%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 14,339 11,342 12,050
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.19% 12.41% 12.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,406 7,369 7,653
England median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +13.01%
10th Percentile £185 £163 £180
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 814 623 808
England median hourly rate £16.00 £16.75 £15.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.48% +8.06% -3.13%
10th Percentile £10.58 £10.40 £10.50
90th Percentile £43.75 £47.50 £37.33
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £16.66 £16.00
% change year-on-year -3.96% +4.13% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 22 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 200 £550 +18.92% 39
South East -3 120 £424 +41.17% 33
North of England +30 103 £500 +26.18% 30
North West +35 70 £500 +36.05% 23
Midlands -68 40 £409 -17.01% 16
South West -18 31 £490 -6.67% 13
Yorkshire -6 28 £450 +22.03% 7
West Midlands -27 23 £350 -12.50% 13
East Midlands -20 17 £484 -2.52% 3
East of England -10 16 £588 +46.88% 17
North East +1 5 £525 +29.63%
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 22 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 213 (41.85%) Windows
2 190 (37.33%) Linux
3 178 (34.97%) DevOps
4 159 (31.24%) Microsoft Azure
5 154 (30.26%) VMware
6 139 (27.31%) Puppet
7 135 (26.52%) Microsoft
8 130 (25.54%) Ansible
9 129 (25.34%) Java
10 119 (23.38%) VMware Infrastructure
11 117 (22.99%) Jenkins
12 110 (21.61%) Windows Server
13 107 (21.02%) PowerShell
14 104 (20.43%) Opscode Chef
15 98 (19.25%) Docker
16 96 (18.86%) Amazon AWS
16 96 (18.86%) Continuous Integration
16 96 (18.86%) Agile Software Development
17 95 (18.66%) Security Cleared
18 93 (18.27%) Python
18 93 (18.27%) Active Directory
19 91 (17.88%) Open Source
20 83 (16.31%) Configuration Management
21 79 (15.52%) SQL
22 76 (14.93%) Travis CI
23 75 (14.73%) Git (software)
24 73 (14.34%) PaaS
24 73 (14.34%) DNS
24 73 (14.34%) SC Cleared
25 72 (14.15%) Groovy

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (9.82%) nginx
2 40 (7.86%) Cloud Foundry
3 29 (5.70%) MS Exchange
4 28 (5.50%) SharePoint
5 26 (5.11%) Tomcat
6 18 (3.54%) Confluence
6 18 (3.54%) Exchange Server 2010
7 17 (3.34%) Apache
8 13 (2.55%) JBoss
9 11 (2.16%) Exchange Server 2013
10 10 (1.96%) IIS
11 9 (1.77%) OpenStack
12 8 (1.57%) Elasticsearch
13 5 (0.98%) Skype for Business
14 3 (0.59%) Apache Solr
14 3 (0.59%) Apache Spark
15 2 (0.39%) SAS
15 2 (0.39%) WebSphere
16 1 (0.20%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
16 1 (0.20%) MQSeries
Applications
1 34 (6.68%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 6 (1.18%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.98%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.79%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 5 (0.98%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.79%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.59%) Teamcenter
4 2 (0.39%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.20%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle iProcurement
5 1 (0.20%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.20%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 159 (31.24%) Microsoft Azure
2 96 (18.86%) Amazon AWS
3 73 (14.34%) PaaS
4 60 (11.79%) Office 365
5 42 (8.25%) npm
6 39 (7.66%) IaaS
7 37 (7.27%) AWS CloudFormation
8 32 (6.29%) Google Cloud Platform
9 31 (6.09%) Azure Active Directory
10 28 (5.50%) GitHub
11 26 (5.11%) Amazon EC2
12 23 (4.52%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 18 (3.54%) SaaS
14 14 (2.75%) Amazon S3
14 14 (2.75%) Serverless
15 12 (2.36%) Azure Functions
16 11 (2.16%) Datadog
17 10 (1.96%) Dynamics 365
18 9 (1.77%) Amazon ELB
18 9 (1.77%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 73 (14.34%) DNS
2 49 (9.63%) Firewall
3 48 (9.43%) TCP/IP
4 45 (8.84%) DHCP
5 38 (7.47%) SAN
6 34 (6.68%) HTTP
7 32 (6.29%) VPN
8 22 (4.32%) SSL
9 19 (3.73%) FTP
9 19 (3.73%) Internet
9 19 (3.73%) LAN
9 19 (3.73%) WAN
10 18 (3.54%) iSCSI
11 17 (3.34%) NAS
12 15 (2.95%) SSH
13 14 (2.75%) IPsec
14 12 (2.36%) Network Security
15 10 (1.96%) VLAN
16 9 (1.77%) Cisco ASA
16 9 (1.77%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (10.61%) SQL Server
2 31 (6.09%) MySQL
2 31 (6.09%) NoSQL
3 29 (5.70%) MongoDB
4 26 (5.11%) Relational Database
5 20 (3.93%) PostgreSQL
6 19 (3.73%) Azure SQL Database
6 19 (3.73%) RDBMS
7 14 (2.75%) Data Warehouse
8 12 (2.36%) Big Data
8 12 (2.36%) Data Lake
9 11 (2.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 10 (1.96%) Apache Cassandra
10 10 (1.96%) Cosmos DB
11 9 (1.77%) Oracle Database
11 9 (1.77%) Power BI
12 8 (1.57%) Amazon RDS
12 8 (1.57%) Redis
12 8 (1.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 7 (1.38%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 117 (22.99%) Jenkins
2 76 (14.93%) Travis CI
3 75 (14.73%) Git (software)
4 50 (9.82%) Maven
5 43 (8.45%) gulp
6 42 (8.25%) Gradle
7 40 (7.86%) IBM UrbanCode
8 39 (7.66%) CircleCI
9 36 (7.07%) Visual Studio Team System
10 34 (6.68%) JIRA
11 30 (5.89%) Team Foundation Server
11 30 (5.89%) Vagrant
12 24 (4.72%) Selenium
13 23 (4.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 20 (3.93%) Ant
14 20 (3.93%) Mercurial
15 13 (2.55%) GitLab
15 13 (2.55%) SonarQube
16 12 (2.36%) JUnit
16 12 (2.36%) Subversion
General
1 40 (7.86%) Finance
2 19 (3.73%) Telecoms
3 15 (2.95%) Banking
4 12 (2.36%) Publishing
4 12 (2.36%) Retail
5 9 (1.77%) Manufacturing
5 9 (1.77%) Marketing
6 7 (1.38%) Back Office
6 7 (1.38%) Billing
7 5 (0.98%) Legal
8 4 (0.79%) Electronics
8 4 (0.79%) Law
9 3 (0.59%) Advertising
9 3 (0.59%) Investment Banking
9 3 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.39%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.39%) Front Office
11 1 (0.20%) Corporate Banking
11 1 (0.20%) Military
Job Titles
1 141 (27.70%) DevOps Engineer
2 50 (9.82%) Architect
3 31 (6.09%) Consultant
4 29 (5.70%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 27 (5.30%) Developer
6 25 (4.91%) Administrator
6 25 (4.91%) Azure Engineer
7 22 (4.32%) Analyst
8 18 (3.54%) Support Engineer
8 18 (3.54%) Systems Administrator
9 16 (3.14%) Java Developer
10 15 (2.95%) 3rd Line Engineer
10 15 (2.95%) Cloud Engineer
10 15 (2.95%) Systems Engineer
11 14 (2.75%) Azure Architect
11 14 (2.75%) DBA
12 13 (2.55%) Solutions Architect
12 13 (2.55%) VMware Engineer
13 12 (2.36%) Senior Developer
14 11 (2.16%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (5.89%) .NET
2 27 (5.30%) Elastic Stack
3 25 (4.91%) RESTful
4 21 (4.13%) SAML
5 19 (3.73%) CSS
5 19 (3.73%) HTML
6 16 (3.14%) JSON
6 16 (3.14%) JSP
7 15 (2.95%) Node.js
8 13 (2.55%) SOAP
9 12 (2.36%) LDAP
10 11 (2.16%) CSS3
10 11 (2.16%) HTML5
10 11 (2.16%) Struts
11 10 (1.96%) REST
11 10 (1.96%) Web Services
12 9 (1.77%) ASP.NET
12 9 (1.77%) LAMP
13 8 (1.57%) MCollective
13 8 (1.57%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 41 (8.06%) Data Centre
2 36 (7.07%) Clustering
3 19 (3.73%) Analytical Skills
4 18 (3.54%) Linux Command Line
5 17 (3.34%) Fat Client
5 17 (3.34%) PKI
5 17 (3.34%) Thin Client
6 15 (2.95%) Mobile App
6 15 (2.95%) Replication
7 14 (2.75%) Management Information System
8 11 (2.16%) Computer Science
9 9 (1.77%) Hybrid Cloud
9 9 (1.77%) Private Cloud
10 8 (1.57%) Self-Motivation
11 6 (1.18%) iPhone
11 6 (1.18%) VxBlock/Vblock
12 5 (0.98%) User Experience
13 4 (0.79%) iSeries
13 4 (0.79%) LPAR
13 4 (0.79%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 213 (41.85%) Windows
2 190 (37.33%) Linux
3 110 (21.61%) Windows Server
4 56 (11.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 47 (9.23%) Windows Server 2012
6 45 (8.84%) CentOS
7 38 (7.47%) Windows Server 2008
8 36 (7.07%) Unix
9 29 (5.70%) Ubuntu
10 22 (4.32%) Windows 10
11 20 (3.93%) Windows 7
11 20 (3.93%) Windows Server 2003
12 13 (2.55%) Solaris
13 12 (2.36%) VMS
14 10 (1.96%) Data ONTAP
14 10 (1.96%) DC/OS
15 9 (1.77%) Oracle Linux
15 9 (1.77%) SUSE
16 7 (1.38%) Debian
17 5 (0.98%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 178 (34.97%) DevOps
2 96 (18.86%) Agile Software Development
2 96 (18.86%) Continuous Integration
3 91 (17.88%) Open Source
4 83 (16.31%) Configuration Management
5 70 (13.75%) ITIL
6 58 (11.39%) Migration
7 55 (10.81%) Test Automation
8 52 (10.22%) Problem-Solving
9 47 (9.23%) Microservices
10 40 (7.86%) Data Protection
11 39 (7.66%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 37 (7.27%) Scrum
13 36 (7.07%) OO
13 36 (7.07%) OOP
14 35 (6.88%) Digital Transformation Programme
15 34 (6.68%) Mentoring
16 33 (6.48%) Deployment Automation
16 33 (6.48%) Performance Tuning
17 28 (5.50%) Service Management
Programming Languages
1 129 (25.34%) Java
2 107 (21.02%) PowerShell
3 93 (18.27%) Python
4 79 (15.52%) SQL
5 72 (14.15%) Groovy
6 46 (9.04%) Shell Script
7 37 (7.27%) Bash Shell
8 33 (6.48%) JavaScript
9 22 (4.32%) Scala
10 16 (3.14%) Perl
11 15 (2.95%) C#
11 15 (2.95%) Clojure
12 9 (1.77%) Ruby
12 9 (1.77%) VBScript
13 7 (1.38%) C
13 7 (1.38%) VB
14 5 (0.98%) Go
15 3 (0.59%) C++
15 3 (0.59%) ES6
15 3 (0.59%) PHP
Qualifications
1 95 (18.66%) Security Cleared
2 73 (14.34%) SC Cleared
3 42 (8.25%) Microsoft Certification
4 23 (4.52%) DV Cleared
5 21 (4.13%) MCSE
6 19 (3.73%) Degree
7 16 (3.14%) MCSA
8 13 (2.55%) Cisco Certification
9 11 (2.16%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 10 (1.96%) Computer Science Degree
11 8 (1.57%) CCNA
11 8 (1.57%) CCNP
12 7 (1.38%) AWS Certification
12 7 (1.38%) MCP
12 7 (1.38%) RHCE
13 6 (1.18%) NCDA
13 6 (1.18%) NCIE
13 6 (1.18%) NCSIE
13 6 (1.18%) VCAP
13 6 (1.18%) VCP5
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (3.34%) QA
2 11 (2.16%) SLA
3 7 (1.38%) Data Quality
3 7 (1.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.79%) GDPR
4 4 (0.79%) PMO
5 3 (0.59%) Government Security Classifications
6 2 (0.39%) COBIT
7 1 (0.20%) HL7
7 1 (0.20%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.20%) JSP 440
7 1 (0.20%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 119 (23.38%) VMware Infrastructure
2 98 (19.25%) Docker
3 93 (18.27%) Active Directory
4 69 (13.56%) Hyper-V
5 37 (7.27%) vSphere
6 28 (5.50%) VMware ESXi
7 20 (3.93%) XenApp
8 18 (3.54%) NFS
9 15 (2.95%) Virtual Servers
9 15 (2.95%) VirtualBox
10 14 (2.75%) Firmware
11 13 (2.55%) vCloud
12 11 (2.16%) Oracle RAC
12 11 (2.16%) VMware NSX
13 9 (1.77%) Postfix
13 9 (1.77%) Squid
14 8 (1.57%) iptables
15 7 (1.38%) XenDesktop
15 7 (1.38%) XenServer
16 6 (1.18%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 139 (27.31%) Puppet
2 130 (25.54%) Ansible
3 104 (20.43%) Opscode Chef
4 63 (12.38%) Terraform
5 59 (11.59%) Kubernetes
6 49 (9.63%) SCCM
7 32 (6.29%) Packer
8 25 (4.91%) vCenter Server
9 23 (4.52%) SCOM
10 20 (3.93%) SCVMM
11 18 (3.54%) Docker Swarm
11 18 (3.54%) Microsoft Clustering
12 17 (3.34%) WSUS
13 15 (2.95%) Single Sign-On
14 13 (2.55%) Failover Clustering
14 13 (2.55%) Nagios
15 12 (2.36%) Data Guard
15 12 (2.36%) ZABBIX
16 11 (2.16%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
16 11 (2.16%) yum
Vendors
1 154 (30.26%) VMware
2 135 (26.52%) Microsoft
3 72 (14.15%) Citrix
4 49 (9.63%) Cisco
5 43 (8.45%) Oracle
6 35 (6.88%) HP
7 33 (6.48%) Google
8 28 (5.50%) Red Hat
9 22 (4.32%) NetApp
10 20 (3.93%) Splunk
11 16 (3.14%) McAfee
11 16 (3.14%) New Relic
12 15 (2.95%) IBM
12 15 (2.95%) MKS
13 11 (2.16%) SAP
13 11 (2.16%) Symantec
14 10 (1.96%) CheckPoint
15 8 (1.57%) Sonatype
16 7 (1.38%) Dell
16 7 (1.38%) Veritas