Period
to 19 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 325 357 384
Rank change year-on-year +32 +27 +49
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 221 424 573
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.65% 0.65% 0.63%
As % of the System Software category 4.37% 4.15% 4.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 149 304 458
Median daily rate £500 £475 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £317 £306 £319
90th Percentile £650 £625 £700
UK median daily rate £525 £463 £500
% change year-on-year +13.51% -7.41% +11.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 10 11
Median hourly rate £44.00 £39.75 £36.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.69% +8.40% -23.33%
10th Percentile £41.25 £10.95 £14.00
90th Percentile £53.10 £43.28 £41.00
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £40.00 £27.04
% change year-on-year +3.13% +47.93% -43.47%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 5,059 10,206 14,100
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.80% 15.64% 15.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,432 6,950 9,500
Median daily rate £475 £450 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% -5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £220 £163 £185
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £463
% change year-on-year +5.56% -2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 204 546 710
Median hourly rate £17.25 £16.50 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +3.13% -
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.50
90th Percentile £59.63 £46.54 £43.75
Median hourly rate £17.75 £16.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year +7.58% +3.13% +0.88%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +76 106 £500 +5.26% 25
South East +85 58 £550 +10.00% 16
North of England +13 15 £500 +25.00% 12
Midlands +45 12 £355 -16.47% 12
South West +59 10 £438 -13.58% 4
East of England +55 9 £490 +8.83% 6
West Midlands +40 9 £359 -17.05% 7
North West +24 6 £360 -5.88% 7
Yorkshire +23 6 £475 +5.56% 4
East Midlands +36 3 £300 -3.23% 5
North East +35 3 £575 +35.29% 1
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 101 (45.70%) Windows
2 76 (34.39%) Linux
3 66 (29.86%) VMware
4 59 (26.70%) Microsoft
5 58 (26.24%) Azure
6 57 (25.79%) Security Cleared
7 54 (24.43%) VMware Infrastructure
7 54 (24.43%) DevOps
8 47 (21.27%) DNS
9 46 (20.81%) Migration
10 45 (20.36%) Active Directory
11 43 (19.46%) SC Cleared
12 42 (19.00%) Firewall
13 41 (18.55%) PowerShell
14 38 (17.19%) Python
14 38 (17.19%) Oracle
15 37 (16.74%) Terraform
16 36 (16.29%) IaaS
17 35 (15.84%) Agile Software Development
18 34 (15.38%) Java
19 32 (14.48%) Kubernetes
20 31 (14.03%) DHCP
21 30 (13.57%) Jenkins
22 28 (12.67%) AWS
22 28 (12.67%) Git (software)
22 28 (12.67%) VMware ESXi
22 28 (12.67%) SQL
22 28 (12.67%) Windows Server
23 27 (12.22%) Ansible
23 27 (12.22%) Docker

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (4.98%) IIS
2 10 (4.52%) nginx
3 9 (4.07%) Exchange Server 2010
3 9 (4.07%) MS Exchange
4 7 (3.17%) Cloud Foundry
4 7 (3.17%) SharePoint
5 6 (2.71%) Elasticsearch
6 5 (2.26%) CMS
6 5 (2.26%) OpenStack
6 5 (2.26%) Skype for Business
7 4 (1.81%) Confluence
7 4 (1.81%) Tomcat
8 3 (1.36%) JBoss
9 1 (0.45%) Apache
9 1 (0.45%) Apache Spark
9 1 (0.45%) Jupyter
9 1 (0.45%) SAS
Applications
1 11 (4.98%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (4.52%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (2.71%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.45%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.45%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 1 (0.45%) Oracle Applications
1 1 (0.45%) SAP Oil and Gas
1 1 (0.45%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 58 (26.24%) Azure
2 36 (16.29%) IaaS
3 28 (12.67%) AWS
4 27 (12.22%) PaaS
5 21 (9.50%) GCP
6 18 (8.14%) Office 365
7 14 (6.33%) Serverless
8 10 (4.52%) npm
9 9 (4.07%) Azure Functions
10 8 (3.62%) Cloud Computing
11 7 (3.17%) Azure Active Directory
11 7 (3.17%) Power Platform
12 6 (2.71%) Azure Data Factory
12 6 (2.71%) Logic Apps
13 4 (1.81%) Amazon EC2
13 4 (1.81%) AWS CloudFormation
13 4 (1.81%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 4 (1.81%) PowerApps
14 3 (1.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 3 (1.36%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 47 (21.27%) DNS
2 42 (19.00%) Firewall
3 31 (14.03%) DHCP
4 21 (9.50%) VPN
5 17 (7.69%) VSAN
6 14 (6.33%) SAN
7 12 (5.43%) Network Security
8 9 (4.07%) Skype
9 8 (3.62%) HTTP
9 8 (3.62%) LAN
9 8 (3.62%) TCP/IP
10 7 (3.17%) IPv4
10 7 (3.17%) iSCSI
10 7 (3.17%) WAN
11 6 (2.71%) BGP
11 6 (2.71%) OSPF
11 6 (2.71%) SSL
12 5 (2.26%) EIGRP
12 5 (2.26%) Ethernet
12 5 (2.26%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (7.69%) SQL Server
2 11 (4.98%) BigQuery
2 11 (4.98%) MySQL
3 7 (3.17%) Azure SQL Database
3 7 (3.17%) Big Data
3 7 (3.17%) Redis
4 6 (2.71%) Amazon Aurora
4 6 (2.71%) MongoDB
4 6 (2.71%) Oracle Database
5 5 (2.26%) Relational Database
5 5 (2.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 4 (1.81%) Power BI
7 3 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
7 3 (1.36%) Oracle Database 10g
7 3 (1.36%) Oracle Database 12c
7 3 (1.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 2 (0.90%) DB2
8 2 (0.90%) Oracle Reports
8 2 (0.90%) Oracle9i Database
8 2 (0.90%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 30 (13.57%) Jenkins
2 28 (12.67%) Git (software)
3 16 (7.24%) Maven
4 12 (5.43%) Gradle
5 10 (4.52%) CircleCI
5 10 (4.52%) gulp
5 10 (4.52%) Travis CI
6 9 (4.07%) JIRA
7 8 (3.62%) Subversion
8 7 (3.17%) TeamCity
9 6 (2.71%) JMeter
9 6 (2.71%) Octopus Deploy
10 5 (2.26%) Artifactory
10 5 (2.26%) Sonatype Nexus
11 4 (1.81%) ClearCase
11 4 (1.81%) ClearQuest
11 4 (1.81%) MSI
11 4 (1.81%) Rational DOORS
12 3 (1.36%) GitLab
12 3 (1.36%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 14 (6.33%) Finance
2 11 (4.98%) Banking
3 8 (3.62%) Front Office
4 7 (3.17%) Public Sector
4 7 (3.17%) Telecoms
5 6 (2.71%) Back Office
6 5 (2.26%) Law
7 3 (1.36%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.45%) Billing
8 1 (0.45%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.45%) French Language
8 1 (0.45%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.45%) Military
Job Titles
1 33 (14.93%) Architect
2 18 (8.14%) Cloud Engineer
3 17 (7.69%) DevOps Engineer
4 16 (7.24%) Administrator
4 16 (7.24%) Consultant
4 16 (7.24%) Developer
5 12 (5.43%) Cloud Architect
6 11 (4.98%) Azure Engineer
7 9 (4.07%) DBA
7 9 (4.07%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 9 (4.07%) VMWare Administrator
8 8 (3.62%) VMware Engineer
9 7 (3.17%) Network Engineer
10 6 (2.71%) Linux Engineer
10 6 (2.71%) Oracle DBA
10 6 (2.71%) Solutions Architect
10 6 (2.71%) Systems Administrator
11 5 (2.26%) Software Engineer
11 5 (2.26%) Technical Support
11 5 (2.26%) VMware Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16 (7.24%) Node.js
2 12 (5.43%) .NET
2 12 (5.43%) XML
3 9 (4.07%) Middleware
4 7 (3.17%) Oracle Fusion
5 6 (2.71%) ASP.NET
5 6 (2.71%) J2EE
5 6 (2.71%) JSP
5 6 (2.71%) Servlets
6 5 (2.26%) .NET Core
6 5 (2.26%) AngularJS
6 5 (2.26%) XML Schema
6 5 (2.26%) XSLT
7 4 (1.81%) REST
7 4 (1.81%) WebRTC
8 3 (1.36%) Elastic Stack
8 3 (1.36%) HTML
8 3 (1.36%) SAML
8 3 (1.36%) Web Services
8 3 (1.36%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 26 (11.76%) Data Centre
2 17 (7.69%) Hybrid Cloud
3 13 (5.88%) Private Cloud
3 13 (5.88%) Public Cloud
4 12 (5.43%) Analytical Skills
5 9 (4.07%) Clustering
6 7 (3.17%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 7 (3.17%) Linux Command Line
6 7 (3.17%) Management Information System
6 7 (3.17%) Replication
7 6 (2.71%) Enterprise Software
7 6 (2.71%) Video Conferencing
8 5 (2.26%) HP StoreVirtual
8 5 (2.26%) iPad
8 5 (2.26%) Self-Motivation
8 5 (2.26%) User Experience
9 4 (1.81%) Device Driver
9 4 (1.81%) Enterprise Cloud
9 4 (1.81%) Tandem
10 3 (1.36%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 101 (45.70%) Windows
2 76 (34.39%) Linux
3 28 (12.67%) Windows Server
4 25 (11.31%) Windows 10
5 23 (10.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 23 (10.41%) Unix
6 19 (8.60%) Windows Server 2008
7 16 (7.24%) Windows Server 2016
8 13 (5.88%) Windows Server 2012
9 7 (3.17%) VMS
9 7 (3.17%) Windows Server 2019
10 6 (2.71%) Windows 7
11 5 (2.26%) Windows NT
11 5 (2.26%) Windows XP
12 4 (1.81%) CentOS
12 4 (1.81%) Oracle Linux
12 4 (1.81%) Solaris
12 4 (1.81%) Ubuntu
13 3 (1.36%) AIX
13 3 (1.36%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 54 (24.43%) DevOps
2 46 (20.81%) Migration
3 35 (15.84%) Agile Software Development
4 27 (12.22%) ITIL
5 26 (11.76%) High Availability
6 22 (9.95%) Patch Management
7 20 (9.05%) Mentoring
8 19 (8.60%) Capacity Planning
9 18 (8.14%) Continuous Integration
9 18 (8.14%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 17 (7.69%) Infrastructure as Code
10 17 (7.69%) Software Engineering
11 16 (7.24%) Data Protection
12 15 (6.79%) Problem-Solving
13 14 (6.33%) Configuration Management
13 14 (6.33%) Scrum
14 13 (5.88%) Disaster Recovery
14 13 (5.88%) Load Balancing
14 13 (5.88%) Runbook
14 13 (5.88%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 41 (18.55%) PowerShell
2 38 (17.19%) Python
3 34 (15.38%) Java
4 28 (12.67%) SQL
5 20 (9.05%) Bash Shell
6 13 (5.88%) C
7 11 (4.98%) C#
8 9 (4.07%) T-SQL
9 7 (3.17%) Perl
10 6 (2.71%) C++
10 6 (2.71%) Groovy
11 5 (2.26%) Ruby
11 5 (2.26%) VB
11 5 (2.26%) VBScript
12 4 (1.81%) Go
13 3 (1.36%) JavaScript
13 3 (1.36%) Korn
14 2 (0.90%) Clojure
14 2 (0.90%) PHP
14 2 (0.90%) Scala
Qualifications
1 57 (25.79%) Security Cleared
2 43 (19.46%) SC Cleared
3 21 (9.50%) DV Cleared
4 9 (4.07%) Degree
4 9 (4.07%) ITIL Certification
5 8 (3.62%) Cisco Certification
6 5 (2.26%) CCIE
7 4 (1.81%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (1.36%) CCNP
9 2 (0.90%) CCNA
9 2 (0.90%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.90%) VCAP
9 2 (0.90%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 1 (0.45%) CAPM
10 1 (0.45%) CISSP
10 1 (0.45%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.45%) MCSA
10 1 (0.45%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.45%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 1 (0.45%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (3.62%) SLA
2 7 (3.17%) Government Security Classifications
3 6 (2.71%) HMG Security Policy Framework
4 4 (1.81%) NCSC
4 4 (1.81%) QA
5 2 (0.90%) PMO
6 1 (0.45%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 54 (24.43%) VMware Infrastructure
2 45 (20.36%) Active Directory
3 28 (12.67%) VMware ESXi
4 27 (12.22%) Docker
5 26 (11.76%) Hyper-V
6 24 (10.86%) vSphere
7 20 (9.05%) VMware NSX
8 17 (7.69%) NFS
9 9 (4.07%) VMFS
10 6 (2.71%) Firmware
10 6 (2.71%) Virtual Servers
10 6 (2.71%) VMware Server
11 5 (2.26%) Microsoft App-V
12 4 (1.81%) KVM
12 4 (1.81%) Oracle RAC
12 4 (1.81%) vCloud
12 4 (1.81%) VirtualBox
13 3 (1.36%) GPFS
13 3 (1.36%) Platform Symphony
13 3 (1.36%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 37 (16.74%) Terraform
2 32 (14.48%) Kubernetes
3 27 (12.22%) Ansible
4 24 (10.86%) Opscode Chef
5 21 (9.50%) vCenter Server
6 19 (8.60%) Puppet
6 19 (8.60%) vRealize
7 13 (5.88%) SCCM
8 11 (4.98%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
8 11 (4.98%) vRealize Orchestrator
9 10 (4.52%) Argo
9 10 (4.52%) SCOM
9 10 (4.52%) vMotion
10 8 (3.62%) WSUS
11 7 (3.17%) Nessus
11 7 (3.17%) Norton AntiVirus
12 6 (2.71%) Microsoft Intune
13 5 (2.26%) BladeLogic
13 5 (2.26%) Cisco CUCM
13 5 (2.26%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 66 (29.86%) VMware
2 59 (26.70%) Microsoft
3 38 (17.19%) Oracle
4 25 (11.31%) Cisco
5 23 (10.41%) Palo Alto
6 21 (9.50%) Splunk
7 20 (9.05%) HP
8 19 (8.60%) Google
9 16 (7.24%) Dell
10 15 (6.79%) Red Hat
11 14 (6.33%) Fortinet
12 13 (5.88%) Citrix
13 12 (5.43%) Symantec
14 8 (3.62%) Ivanti
15 7 (3.17%) SolarWinds
15 7 (3.17%) Veeam
16 5 (2.26%) Atlassian
16 5 (2.26%) BMC
16 5 (2.26%) IBM
16 5 (2.26%) Shavlik