Period
to 22 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 22 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
22 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 327 437 438
Rank change year-on-year +110 +1 -43
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 649 494 411
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.78% 0.54% 0.49%
As % of the System Software category 5.01% 3.99% 4.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 451 315 268
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +9.09%
10th Percentile £313 £275 £316
90th Percentile £700 £625 £650
UK median daily rate £498 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +4.74% +5.56% +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 20 8
England median hourly rate £36.67 £47.67 £18.10
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.07% +163.34% -25.36%
10th Percentile £16.04 £18.26 £14.13
90th Percentile £46.37 £60.00 £41.55
UK median hourly rate £36.34 £47.67 £18.10
% change year-on-year -23.77% +163.34% -57.37%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 12,964 12,384 9,414
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.58% 13.45% 11.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,728 8,049 6,026
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £188 £185 £168
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 537 717 586
England median hourly rate £16.74 £16.13 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.78% +0.78% +3.23%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.13
90th Percentile £47.90 £46.10 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £16.50 £15.86 £16.00
% change year-on-year +4.04% -0.88% +2.40%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 22 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 22 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 22 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +102 313 £525 +5.00% 12
South East +45 139 £441 +3.82% 7
North of England +32 82 £500 +5.26% 8
South West -10 53 £475 -3.06% 2
Midlands +23 42 £445 -5.32% 1
Yorkshire +19 34 £456 -8.75% 3
North West +13 33 £538 +19.44% 5
West Midlands +14 25 £450 -10.00% 1
East of England +15 19 £425 +5.59% 2
East Midlands +16 17 £409 -11.09%
North East +20 15 £503 +1.52%
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 22 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 285 (43.91%) Windows
2 271 (41.76%) Microsoft Azure
3 265 (40.83%) DevOps
4 184 (28.35%) Jenkins
5 181 (27.89%) Microsoft
6 169 (26.04%) Active Directory
7 157 (24.19%) PowerShell
8 156 (24.04%) Java
9 147 (22.65%) Puppet
10 145 (22.34%) Linux
11 131 (20.18%) VMware
11 131 (20.18%) Opscode Chef
12 130 (20.03%) Agile Software Development
13 129 (19.88%) PaaS
14 126 (19.41%) Continuous Integration
15 121 (18.64%) Kubernetes
16 119 (18.34%) IaaS
17 118 (18.18%) Docker
17 118 (18.18%) Open Source
18 116 (17.87%) Windows Server
18 116 (17.87%) VMware Infrastructure
19 114 (17.57%) Ansible
20 109 (16.80%) DNS
21 101 (15.56%) SQL
22 96 (14.79%) Configuration Management
23 95 (14.64%) Python
24 89 (13.71%) Hyper-V
25 88 (13.56%) DHCP
26 86 (13.25%) Microservices
27 85 (13.10%) Amazon AWS

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (10.79%) nginx
2 44 (6.78%) Tomcat
3 40 (6.16%) Cloud Foundry
4 39 (6.01%) WebSphere
5 24 (3.70%) Skype for Business
6 23 (3.54%) IIS
6 23 (3.54%) SharePoint
7 19 (2.93%) MS Exchange
8 17 (2.62%) Exchange Server 2013
9 10 (1.54%) Apache
10 6 (0.92%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.77%) Apache Spark
11 5 (0.77%) Confluence
11 5 (0.77%) Elasticsearch
11 5 (0.77%) Exchange Server 2010
12 4 (0.62%) CICS
12 4 (0.62%) MQSeries
12 4 (0.62%) WordPress
13 3 (0.46%) CloudStack
13 3 (0.46%) JBoss
Applications
1 23 (3.54%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.62%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.31%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.15%) InDesign
4 1 (0.15%) SketchUp
Business Applications
1 6 (0.92%) Oracle Applications
2 5 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.77%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 271 (41.76%) Microsoft Azure
2 129 (19.88%) PaaS
3 119 (18.34%) IaaS
4 85 (13.10%) Amazon AWS
5 66 (10.17%) Office 365
6 54 (8.32%) npm
7 51 (7.86%) Azure Active Directory
8 37 (5.70%) Google Cloud Platform
9 30 (4.62%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 20 (3.08%) Power Platform
11 18 (2.77%) AWS CloudFormation
12 16 (2.47%) SaaS
13 12 (1.85%) OpenShift
14 11 (1.69%) Serverless
15 10 (1.54%) Dynamics 365
16 8 (1.23%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 8 (1.23%) Azure Data Factory
16 8 (1.23%) Azure Stack
17 6 (0.92%) GitHub
17 6 (0.92%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 109 (16.80%) DNS
2 88 (13.56%) DHCP
3 70 (10.79%) TCP/IP
4 68 (10.48%) SSL
5 60 (9.24%) IPsec
6 59 (9.09%) HTTP
7 57 (8.78%) FTP
8 50 (7.70%) SAN
9 47 (7.24%) Firewall
10 25 (3.85%) VPN
11 20 (3.08%) Skype
12 17 (2.62%) WAN
13 16 (2.47%) iSCSI
14 15 (2.31%) Fibre Channel
15 14 (2.16%) Cisco ASA
15 14 (2.16%) Cisco Nexus
16 13 (2.00%) LAN
17 12 (1.85%) VLAN
18 10 (1.54%) Network Security
19 9 (1.39%) Cisco Firepower
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (12.17%) MySQL
2 72 (11.09%) NoSQL
3 63 (9.71%) Relational Database
4 61 (9.40%) SQL Server
5 59 (9.09%) MongoDB
5 59 (9.09%) RDBMS
6 34 (5.24%) Azure SQL Database
6 34 (5.24%) Big Data
7 28 (4.31%) Data Lake
8 23 (3.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 20 (3.08%) Power BI
10 18 (2.77%) HDInsight
11 13 (2.00%) Redis
12 12 (1.85%) Data Warehouse
13 11 (1.69%) Oracle Database
14 10 (1.54%) Cosmos DB
14 10 (1.54%) PostgreSQL
15 6 (0.92%) Hadoop
16 5 (0.77%) DB2
17 4 (0.62%) Easytrieve
Development Applications
1 184 (28.35%) Jenkins
2 85 (13.10%) Travis CI
3 64 (9.86%) Visual Studio Team System
4 55 (8.47%) Gradle
5 54 (8.32%) Maven
6 48 (7.40%) Git (software)
6 48 (7.40%) Visual Studio
7 47 (7.24%) gulp
8 36 (5.55%) IBM UrbanCode
8 36 (5.55%) MSI
9 30 (4.62%) CircleCI
10 28 (4.31%) JUnit
11 20 (3.08%) JIRA
11 20 (3.08%) TeamCity
12 18 (2.77%) Jasmine
13 15 (2.31%) Sonatype Nexus
14 13 (2.00%) ReSharper
15 12 (1.85%) Selenium
15 12 (1.85%) WiX
16 11 (1.69%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 70 (10.79%) Finance
2 44 (6.78%) Banking
3 18 (2.77%) Retail
4 10 (1.54%) Billing
4 10 (1.54%) Telecoms
5 9 (1.39%) Corporate Banking
6 8 (1.23%) Financial Institution
6 8 (1.23%) Games
7 5 (0.77%) Law
7 5 (0.77%) Publishing
8 4 (0.62%) Marketing
9 3 (0.46%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.31%) Advertising
10 2 (0.31%) Front Office
10 2 (0.31%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.15%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.15%) Back Office
11 1 (0.15%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 187 (28.81%) DevOps Engineer
2 81 (12.48%) Azure Engineer
3 54 (8.32%) Architect
4 52 (8.01%) Developer
5 47 (7.24%) Azure DevOps
6 45 (6.93%) Consultant
7 44 (6.78%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 36 (5.55%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 24 (3.70%) Administrator
9 24 (3.70%) Analyst
10 19 (2.93%) Technical Architect
11 18 (2.77%) Cloud Engineer
11 18 (2.77%) Support Engineer
11 18 (2.77%) Wintel Engineer
12 17 (2.62%) IT Support
13 16 (2.47%) Cloud Architect
14 15 (2.31%) Windows Engineer
15 14 (2.16%) Azure Architect
15 14 (2.16%) Azure Consultant
15 14 (2.16%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (5.70%) .NET
2 23 (3.54%) Node.js
3 20 (3.08%) JSON
3 20 (3.08%) Web Services
4 15 (2.31%) RESTful
5 13 (2.00%) HTML
5 13 (2.00%) Middleware
6 11 (1.69%) CSS
6 11 (1.69%) React
7 10 (1.54%) Elastic Stack
8 9 (1.39%) Software Packaging
9 8 (1.23%) AngularJS
9 8 (1.23%) LAMP
10 7 (1.08%) Kafka
10 7 (1.08%) SAML
10 7 (1.08%) XML
11 6 (0.92%) 802.1X
11 6 (0.92%) jQuery
11 6 (0.92%) Oracle GoldenGate
11 6 (0.92%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 53 (8.17%) Data Centre
2 50 (7.70%) Clustering
3 23 (3.54%) Analytical Skills
4 21 (3.24%) Hybrid Cloud
5 19 (2.93%) Linux Command Line
6 17 (2.62%) Private Cloud
7 14 (2.16%) Public Cloud
7 14 (2.16%) User Experience
8 12 (1.85%) NHS
8 12 (1.85%) PKI
9 11 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
10 10 (1.54%) FMCG
10 10 (1.54%) Hedge funds
11 9 (1.39%) Mobile App
12 8 (1.23%) Greenfield Project
12 8 (1.23%) Replication
13 7 (1.08%) Blog
14 6 (0.92%) VxBlock/Vblock
15 5 (0.77%) CMDB
15 5 (0.77%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 285 (43.91%) Windows
2 145 (22.34%) Linux
3 116 (17.87%) Windows Server
4 72 (11.09%) Windows Server 2012
5 38 (5.86%) Windows 10
6 28 (4.31%) Windows 7
7 23 (3.54%) Windows Server 2008
8 19 (2.93%) Unix
9 15 (2.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 14 (2.16%) Solaris
11 11 (1.69%) VMS
12 10 (1.54%) Windows Server 2003
13 6 (0.92%) Windows 8
14 5 (0.77%) AIX
14 5 (0.77%) CentOS
14 5 (0.77%) HPUX
14 5 (0.77%) Ubuntu
15 4 (0.62%) Android
15 4 (0.62%) DC/OS
15 4 (0.62%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 265 (40.83%) DevOps
2 130 (20.03%) Agile Software Development
3 126 (19.41%) Continuous Integration
4 118 (18.18%) Open Source
5 96 (14.79%) Configuration Management
6 86 (13.25%) Microservices
7 85 (13.10%) Test Automation
8 73 (11.25%) ITIL
9 68 (10.48%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 63 (9.71%) OO
11 60 (9.24%) Migration
12 57 (8.78%) Network Virtualisation
13 56 (8.63%) OOP
14 55 (8.47%) Analytics
15 53 (8.17%) Data Protection
15 53 (8.17%) Thought Leadership
16 52 (8.01%) Target Operating Model
17 46 (7.09%) Problem-Solving
18 36 (5.55%) Continuous Delivery
19 34 (5.24%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 157 (24.19%) PowerShell
2 156 (24.04%) Java
3 101 (15.56%) SQL
4 95 (14.64%) Python
5 66 (10.17%) Shell Script
6 60 (9.24%) Groovy
7 49 (7.55%) C#
8 40 (6.16%) JavaScript
9 27 (4.16%) Ruby
10 23 (3.54%) C++
11 19 (2.93%) Bash Shell
11 19 (2.93%) VB
12 10 (1.54%) C
12 10 (1.54%) Perl
13 9 (1.39%) Scala
14 7 (1.08%) TypeScript
15 6 (0.92%) AWK
16 5 (0.77%) F#
16 5 (0.77%) Haskell
16 5 (0.77%) PHP
Qualifications
1 82 (12.63%) Security Cleared
2 35 (5.39%) SC Cleared
3 30 (4.62%) DV Cleared
4 28 (4.31%) Microsoft Certification
5 17 (2.62%) MCSE
6 15 (2.31%) Cisco Certification
7 13 (2.00%) Degree
8 12 (1.85%) MCSA
9 8 (1.23%) ITIL Certification
10 7 (1.08%) MCP
10 7 (1.08%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 6 (0.92%) BPSS Clearance
11 6 (0.92%) CCIE
12 5 (0.77%) CCNA
12 5 (0.77%) CCNP
12 5 (0.77%) JNCIS
13 4 (0.62%) Computer Science Degree
13 4 (0.62%) OCP
13 4 (0.62%) Oracle Certification
14 3 (0.46%) VCP5
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (3.24%) SLA
2 12 (1.85%) QA
3 7 (1.08%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.31%) GDPR
4 2 (0.31%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.15%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.15%) HAZOP
System Software
1 169 (26.04%) Active Directory
2 118 (18.18%) Docker
3 116 (17.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 89 (13.71%) Hyper-V
5 36 (5.55%) VMware ESXi
6 28 (4.31%) XenApp
7 23 (3.54%) XenDesktop
8 21 (3.24%) vSphere
9 19 (2.93%) Virtual Servers
10 16 (2.47%) Virtual Desktop
11 13 (2.00%) Microsoft App-V
12 10 (1.54%) Firmware
13 8 (1.23%) vCloud
14 7 (1.08%) DFS Replication
14 7 (1.08%) LXC
15 6 (0.92%) VirtualBox
16 5 (0.77%) Citrix Hypervisor
17 4 (0.62%) NFS
17 4 (0.62%) VMware Workstation
18 3 (0.46%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 147 (22.65%) Puppet
2 131 (20.18%) Opscode Chef
3 121 (18.64%) Kubernetes
4 114 (17.57%) Ansible
5 80 (12.33%) SCCM
6 60 (9.24%) Terraform
7 43 (6.63%) SCOM
8 32 (4.93%) Microsoft Clustering
8 32 (4.93%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
9 29 (4.47%) SCVMM
10 23 (3.54%) SCOrch
10 23 (3.54%) WSUS
11 22 (3.39%) vCenter Server
12 17 (2.62%) Microsoft Intune
13 14 (2.16%) QRadar
14 12 (1.85%) SCDPM
14 12 (1.85%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
15 11 (1.69%) Failover Clustering
16 9 (1.39%) Docker Swarm
17 8 (1.23%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 181 (27.89%) Microsoft
2 131 (20.18%) VMware
3 55 (8.47%) Citrix
4 48 (7.40%) Cisco
5 46 (7.09%) Oracle
6 31 (4.78%) Dell
7 24 (3.70%) Google
8 23 (3.54%) HP
9 22 (3.39%) EqualLogic
10 17 (2.62%) Red Hat
11 16 (2.47%) F5
11 16 (2.47%) NetApp
12 14 (2.16%) Ivanti
13 13 (2.00%) IBM
13 13 (2.00%) Splunk
13 13 (2.00%) Symantec
14 12 (1.85%) CA
14 12 (1.85%) Juniper
15 11 (1.69%) New Relic
16 10 (1.54%) Palo Alto