Period
to 3 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 3 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
3 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 308 380 423
Rank change year-on-year +72 +43 +42
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 212 517 525
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.66% 0.62% 0.56%
As % of the System Software category 4.40% 3.97% 3.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 146 348 358
Median daily rate £500 £475 £493
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% -3.55% +15.88%
10th Percentile £313 £307 £263
90th Percentile £588 £691 £700
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £493
% change year-on-year +5.26% -3.55% +15.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 7 20
Median hourly rate £22.64 £23.75 £26.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.66% -11.63% +53.57%
10th Percentile £18.38 £13.49 £15.24
90th Percentile £35.00 £47.83 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £23.00 £44.50 £26.88
% change year-on-year -48.31% +65.58% +53.57%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 4,816 13,021 13,439
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.05% 15.54% 14.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,065 8,723 8,742
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £200 £182 £185
90th Percentile £638 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 251 525 804
Median hourly rate £19.17 £16.75 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.42% +1.52% +5.05%
10th Percentile £11.63 £11.17 £11.14
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.93 £45.74
Median hourly rate £20.00 £17.00 £16.11
% change year-on-year +17.65% +5.51% +0.70%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 3 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 3 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 3 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +87 99 £475 -9.52% 14
South East +111 49 £520 +13.97% 12
South West +50 20 £545 +14.74% 2
Midlands +60 16 £463 +8.82% 3
West Midlands +53 14 £450 - 3
North of England +83 12 £400 -15.34% 2
East of England +78 11 £345 -23.33% 4
Yorkshire +74 8 £450 +22.66% 1
North West +56 3 £350 -29.29% 1
East Midlands +43 2 £475 +18.75%
North East +37 1 - -
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 3 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 115 (54.25%) Windows
2 74 (34.91%) Linux
3 69 (32.55%) Azure
4 64 (30.19%) Security Cleared
5 59 (27.83%) Microsoft
6 57 (26.89%) PaaS
7 55 (25.94%) SC Cleared
8 52 (24.53%) DNS
9 51 (24.06%) DevOps
10 50 (23.58%) PowerShell
11 47 (22.17%) Active Directory
12 44 (20.75%) SQL
12 44 (20.75%) VMware
13 43 (20.28%) Windows Server
14 42 (19.81%) Firewall
15 40 (18.87%) Oracle
15 40 (18.87%) VMware Infrastructure
15 40 (18.87%) IaaS
16 34 (16.04%) ITIL
17 33 (15.57%) Agile Software Development
17 33 (15.57%) Hyper-V
18 31 (14.62%) Analytics
18 31 (14.62%) Shell Script
19 30 (14.15%) Windows 10
20 29 (13.68%) DHCP
20 29 (13.68%) Migration
21 28 (13.21%) VPN
22 26 (12.26%) SAN
22 26 (12.26%) Test Automation
22 26 (12.26%) Continuous Integration

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (7.08%) nginx
2 14 (6.60%) MS Exchange
3 12 (5.66%) Exchange Server 2010
3 12 (5.66%) SharePoint
4 11 (5.19%) IIS
5 9 (4.25%) Cloud Foundry
6 6 (2.83%) Tomcat
7 3 (1.42%) SAS
7 3 (1.42%) Skype for Business
8 2 (0.94%) Confluence
8 2 (0.94%) OpenStack
8 2 (0.94%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.47%) CMS
9 1 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2013
9 1 (0.47%) MQSeries
9 1 (0.47%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 5 (2.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.42%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (1.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.94%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.47%) AutoCAD
4 1 (0.47%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.47%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 1 (0.47%) Actimize
Cloud Services
1 69 (32.55%) Azure
2 57 (26.89%) PaaS
3 40 (18.87%) IaaS
4 24 (11.32%) Office 365
5 23 (10.85%) Power Platform
6 12 (5.66%) AWS
7 10 (4.72%) SaaS
8 9 (4.25%) GCP
8 9 (4.25%) GitHub
8 9 (4.25%) npm
9 7 (3.30%) OpenShift
9 7 (3.30%) Serverless
10 6 (2.83%) Apigee
10 6 (2.83%) Azure Active Directory
10 6 (2.83%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 5 (2.36%) Azure Data Factory
12 4 (1.89%) Amazon EC2
12 4 (1.89%) Amazon S3
12 4 (1.89%) OneDrive
12 4 (1.89%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 52 (24.53%) DNS
2 42 (19.81%) Firewall
3 29 (13.68%) DHCP
4 28 (13.21%) VPN
5 26 (12.26%) SAN
6 22 (10.38%) LAN
7 20 (9.43%) Network Security
8 18 (8.49%) TCP/IP
9 16 (7.55%) SNMP
9 16 (7.55%) WAN
10 13 (6.13%) Internet
11 12 (5.66%) OSPF
11 12 (5.66%) TACACS
12 9 (4.25%) DMZ
13 8 (3.77%) IPv4
14 6 (2.83%) NAS
15 5 (2.36%) Remote Desktop
15 5 (2.36%) Skype
16 4 (1.89%) 5G
16 4 (1.89%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (12.26%) Data Lake
2 22 (10.38%) SQL Server
3 21 (9.91%) HDInsight
3 21 (9.91%) Power BI
4 20 (9.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 11 (5.19%) Hadoop
6 10 (4.72%) Azure SQL Database
7 8 (3.77%) BigQuery
7 8 (3.77%) Cosmos DB
8 6 (2.83%) Data Warehouse
8 6 (2.83%) Oracle Reports
8 6 (2.83%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 5 (2.36%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 5 (2.36%) Microsoft Analysis Services
9 5 (2.36%) Snowflake Schema
9 5 (2.36%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 4 (1.89%) Big Data
10 4 (1.89%) SQL Server 2016
11 3 (1.42%) SQL Server 2012
12 2 (0.94%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 20 (9.43%) Visual Studio
2 18 (8.49%) Git (software)
2 18 (8.49%) Jenkins
3 10 (4.72%) gulp
4 9 (4.25%) CircleCI
4 9 (4.25%) Gradle
4 9 (4.25%) Maven
4 9 (4.25%) Travis CI
5 5 (2.36%) JIRA
6 4 (1.89%) GitLab
6 4 (1.89%) Subversion
7 2 (0.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 2 (0.94%) MSI
7 2 (0.94%) Sonatype Nexus
8 1 (0.47%) Grunt
8 1 (0.47%) Jasmine
8 1 (0.47%) Karma Test Runner
8 1 (0.47%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
8 1 (0.47%) Team Foundation Server
8 1 (0.47%) Vagrant
General
1 20 (9.43%) Finance
2 15 (7.08%) Banking
3 12 (5.66%) Telecoms
4 8 (3.77%) Public Sector
5 7 (3.30%) Retail
6 3 (1.42%) Financial Institution
7 2 (0.94%) Publishing
8 1 (0.47%) Law
8 1 (0.47%) Legal
8 1 (0.47%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 32 (15.09%) DevOps Engineer
2 14 (6.60%) Architect
2 14 (6.60%) Azure Engineer
2 14 (6.60%) Developer
3 13 (6.13%) Administrator
4 12 (5.66%) Cloud Engineer
5 11 (5.19%) Consultant
5 11 (5.19%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 10 (4.72%) 3rd Line Engineer
6 10 (4.72%) Linux Engineer
7 9 (4.25%) Support Engineer
8 8 (3.77%) Project Manager
8 8 (3.77%) Systems Administrator
8 8 (3.77%) Technical Support
9 7 (3.30%) Analyst
9 7 (3.30%) Technical Engineer
9 7 (3.30%) VMware Engineer
10 6 (2.83%) Security Architect
10 6 (2.83%) Systems Engineer
10 6 (2.83%) Technical Support Officer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10 (4.72%) Node.js
2 7 (3.30%) .NET
2 7 (3.30%) REST
3 6 (2.83%) Middleware
3 6 (2.83%) Oracle Fusion
3 6 (2.83%) SAML
4 5 (2.36%) RESTful
5 4 (1.89%) LDAP
5 4 (1.89%) OAuth
5 4 (1.89%) OpenID
5 4 (1.89%) Web Services
6 3 (1.42%) Elastic Stack
6 3 (1.42%) YAML
7 2 (0.94%) .NET Core
7 2 (0.94%) AngularJS
7 2 (0.94%) CSS
7 2 (0.94%) gRPC
7 2 (0.94%) Jinja
7 2 (0.94%) Swagger
7 2 (0.94%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 16 (7.55%) Analytical Skills
1 16 (7.55%) Public Cloud
2 14 (6.60%) Clustering
2 14 (6.60%) Data Centre
3 13 (6.13%) Management Information System
4 11 (5.19%) HP StoreVirtual
4 11 (5.19%) User Experience
5 8 (3.77%) Replication
6 6 (2.83%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 5 (2.36%) Cloud Native
7 5 (2.36%) iPad
7 5 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
8 3 (1.42%) Analytical Mindset
8 3 (1.42%) CCTV
8 3 (1.42%) FMCG
8 3 (1.42%) Hedge funds
8 3 (1.42%) PKI
9 2 (0.94%) CMDB
9 2 (0.94%) Enterprise Software
9 2 (0.94%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 115 (54.25%) Windows
2 74 (34.91%) Linux
3 43 (20.28%) Windows Server
4 30 (14.15%) Windows 10
5 24 (11.32%) Unix
6 22 (10.38%) Windows Server 2012
7 19 (8.96%) Windows Server 2016
8 18 (8.49%) Windows Server 2008
9 17 (8.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 8 (3.77%) Solaris
10 8 (3.77%) Windows Server 2019
11 6 (2.83%) Windows 7
12 5 (2.36%) CentOS
12 5 (2.36%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (1.42%) Mac OS X
13 3 (1.42%) Ubuntu
14 2 (0.94%) AIX
14 2 (0.94%) HPUX
14 2 (0.94%) VMS
14 2 (0.94%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 51 (24.06%) DevOps
2 34 (16.04%) ITIL
3 33 (15.57%) Agile Software Development
4 31 (14.62%) Analytics
5 29 (13.68%) Migration
6 26 (12.26%) Continuous Integration
6 26 (12.26%) Test Automation
7 23 (10.85%) Business Intelligence
7 23 (10.85%) Mentoring
7 23 (10.85%) Patch Management
8 22 (10.38%) Data Protection
8 22 (10.38%) Scrum
9 21 (9.91%) Infrastructure as Code
10 20 (9.43%) Data Management
11 19 (8.96%) Continuous Delivery
11 19 (8.96%) Network Virtualisation
11 19 (8.96%) Project Delivery
12 17 (8.02%) Data-Driven Testing
12 17 (8.02%) Problem-Solving
12 17 (8.02%) Security Testing
Programming Languages
1 50 (23.58%) PowerShell
2 44 (20.75%) SQL
3 31 (14.62%) Shell Script
4 20 (9.43%) C
5 19 (8.96%) Java
6 18 (8.49%) Python
7 17 (8.02%) Bash Shell
8 15 (7.08%) C#
9 8 (3.77%) Perl
10 5 (2.36%) Groovy
11 4 (1.89%) JavaScript
12 3 (1.42%) VBScript
13 2 (0.94%) Go
13 2 (0.94%) VB
14 1 (0.47%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
14 1 (0.47%) PHP
14 1 (0.47%) PROC SQL
14 1 (0.47%) SAS Macro
14 1 (0.47%) T-SQL
14 1 (0.47%) VBA
Qualifications
1 64 (30.19%) Security Cleared
2 55 (25.94%) SC Cleared
3 22 (10.38%) DV Cleared
4 11 (5.19%) ITIL Certification
5 7 (3.30%) Microsoft Certification
6 6 (2.83%) MCSA
7 4 (1.89%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 3 (1.42%) Degree
9 2 (0.94%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.47%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
10 1 (0.47%) CCIE
10 1 (0.47%) CISM
10 1 (0.47%) CISSP
10 1 (0.47%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.47%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.47%) PMP
10 1 (0.47%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 1 (0.47%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 1 (0.47%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (5.19%) Government Security Classifications
1 11 (5.19%) NCSC
1 11 (5.19%) SLA
2 6 (2.83%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 1 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.47%) QA
System Software
1 47 (22.17%) Active Directory
2 40 (18.87%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (15.57%) Hyper-V
4 24 (11.32%) Docker
5 15 (7.08%) VMware ESXi
6 12 (5.66%) Virtual Desktop
7 9 (4.25%) Microsoft App-V
8 7 (3.30%) LXC
8 7 (3.30%) Squid
9 6 (2.83%) DFS Replication
9 6 (2.83%) vSphere
10 2 (0.94%) Firmware
10 2 (0.94%) vCloud
10 2 (0.94%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.47%) Samba
11 1 (0.47%) SRDF
11 1 (0.47%) Terminal Server
11 1 (0.47%) Terminal Services
11 1 (0.47%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.47%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 23 (10.85%) Ansible
1 23 (10.85%) Kubernetes
2 21 (9.91%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
3 20 (9.43%) Terraform
4 16 (7.55%) SCVMM
5 14 (6.60%) WSUS
6 12 (5.66%) SCOM
7 11 (5.19%) Puppet
7 11 (5.19%) SCCM
8 10 (4.72%) Failover Clustering
8 10 (4.72%) Opscode Chef
9 8 (3.77%) Microsoft Clustering
9 8 (3.77%) SCDPM
9 8 (3.77%) SCSM
10 7 (3.30%) Argo
10 7 (3.30%) Norton AntiVirus
11 6 (2.83%) Cacti
11 6 (2.83%) Nessus
11 6 (2.83%) Opsview
11 6 (2.83%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 59 (27.83%) Microsoft
2 44 (20.75%) VMware
3 40 (18.87%) Oracle
4 24 (11.32%) Splunk
5 21 (9.91%) Red Hat
6 18 (8.49%) Informatica
7 17 (8.02%) HP
8 13 (6.13%) Google
9 12 (5.66%) Dell
9 12 (5.66%) Palo Alto
10 11 (5.19%) Fortinet
11 9 (4.25%) Hortonworks
11 9 (4.25%) Symantec
12 8 (3.77%) IBM
13 7 (3.30%) CheckPoint
13 7 (3.30%) Lumension
13 7 (3.30%) Sophos
14 6 (2.83%) AppDynamics
14 6 (2.83%) ArcSight
14 6 (2.83%) NetApp