Period
to 22 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 22 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 411 439 404
Rank change year-on-year +28 -35 -9
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 517 396 562
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.56% 0.47% 0.57%
As % of the System Software category 4.09% 4.15% 4.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 338 252 340
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £263 £263 £300
90th Percentile £625 £650 £538
UK median daily rate £475 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +6.86% +4.59% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 6 11
England median hourly rate £45.25 £17.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +158.57% -22.22% -1.45%
10th Percentile £18.70 £14.13 £18.50
90th Percentile £60.00 £41.88 £42.50
UK median hourly rate £45.25 £17.50 £38.75
% change year-on-year +158.57% -54.84% +69.73%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 12,648 9,551 11,359
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 13.82% 11.35% 11.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,199 6,119 7,115
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +12.68%
10th Percentile £185 £172 £175
90th Percentile £625 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +7.14% +5.00% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 749 602 861
England median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £15.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.13% +1.59% -1.56%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.10 £10.50
90th Percentile £46.25 £43.68 £40.25
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £16.00 £16.00

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 22 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 22 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 22 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -14 223 £525 +5.00% 46
South East -2 100 £425 +25.93% 23
North of England +38 92 £450 +23.29% 25
North West +17 53 £425 +14.86% 17
South West +21 46 £493 +36.81% 7
Midlands -13 37 £400 -9.09% 7
Yorkshire -2 30 £500 +66.67% 8
East of England +4 20 £403 -14.13% 12
East Midlands -11 20 £435 +3.57% 3
West Midlands -25 17 £350 -26.32% 4
North East - 9 £358 -
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 22 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 226 (43.71%) Windows
2 217 (41.97%) Linux
3 169 (32.69%) DevOps
4 156 (30.17%) VMware
5 136 (26.31%) Microsoft Azure
6 133 (25.73%) VMware Infrastructure
7 131 (25.34%) Microsoft
8 128 (24.76%) Puppet
9 127 (24.56%) Security Cleared
10 123 (23.79%) Jenkins
11 120 (23.21%) Agile Software Development
12 111 (21.47%) Continuous Integration
13 110 (21.28%) Java
14 108 (20.89%) Active Directory
15 104 (20.12%) Configuration Management
16 103 (19.92%) Ansible
17 102 (19.73%) Opscode Chef
17 102 (19.73%) SC Cleared
18 101 (19.54%) Python
19 96 (18.57%) Open Source
20 93 (17.99%) Windows Server
21 91 (17.60%) Hyper-V
21 91 (17.60%) Amazon AWS
22 85 (16.44%) DNS
23 80 (15.47%) PowerShell
24 77 (14.89%) Docker
25 76 (14.70%) SQL
26 70 (13.54%) Travis CI
27 69 (13.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
28 67 (12.96%) Microservices

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (8.51%) nginx
2 37 (7.16%) Tomcat
3 25 (4.84%) MS Exchange
4 19 (3.68%) Apache
4 19 (3.68%) SharePoint
5 18 (3.48%) Cloud Foundry
6 17 (3.29%) IIS
7 16 (3.09%) JBoss
8 14 (2.71%) Exchange Server 2010
9 12 (2.32%) Confluence
10 10 (1.93%) Exchange Server 2013
10 10 (1.93%) OpenStack
10 10 (1.93%) WebSphere
11 9 (1.74%) SAS
12 8 (1.55%) Jetty
12 8 (1.55%) Mule ESB
12 8 (1.55%) WildFly
13 6 (1.16%) Skype for Business
14 5 (0.97%) Apache Solr
14 5 (0.97%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 24 (4.64%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (1.35%) MS Visio
3 6 (1.16%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 5 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.58%) Dynamics AX
2 3 (0.58%) NetSuite
2 3 (0.58%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.39%) Dynamics NAV
3 2 (0.39%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.39%) Oracle EBS R12
3 2 (0.39%) Teamcenter
3 2 (0.39%) Unit4 Business World
4 1 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 136 (26.31%) Microsoft Azure
2 91 (17.60%) Amazon AWS
3 46 (8.90%) PaaS
4 43 (8.32%) Office 365
5 36 (6.96%) Google Cloud Platform
6 30 (5.80%) AWS CloudFormation
7 27 (5.22%) IaaS
8 26 (5.03%) GitHub
9 25 (4.84%) Azure Active Directory
10 23 (4.45%) npm
11 20 (3.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 19 (3.68%) SaaS
13 14 (2.71%) Amazon EC2
13 14 (2.71%) Datadog
14 10 (1.93%) Serverless
15 7 (1.35%) OpenShift
16 6 (1.16%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
17 5 (0.97%) Amazon S3
17 5 (0.97%) AWS Lambda
17 5 (0.97%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 85 (16.44%) DNS
2 59 (11.41%) DHCP
3 58 (11.22%) TCP/IP
4 49 (9.48%) HTTP
5 47 (9.09%) Firewall
6 38 (7.35%) FTP
7 33 (6.38%) VPN
8 32 (6.19%) SSL
9 31 (6.00%) IPsec
10 26 (5.03%) SAN
11 21 (4.06%) LAN
12 15 (2.90%) NAS
12 15 (2.90%) WAN
13 12 (2.32%) iSCSI
13 12 (2.32%) Network Security
13 12 (2.32%) VLAN
14 11 (2.13%) Reverse Proxy
15 10 (1.93%) Skype
16 9 (1.74%) Cisco ASA
17 8 (1.55%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (11.61%) NoSQL
2 58 (11.22%) MySQL
3 50 (9.67%) MongoDB
3 50 (9.67%) SQL Server
4 38 (7.35%) Relational Database
5 33 (6.38%) RDBMS
6 26 (5.03%) PostgreSQL
7 16 (3.09%) Big Data
8 14 (2.71%) Data Warehouse
9 11 (2.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 10 (1.93%) Redis
11 9 (1.74%) DB2
11 9 (1.74%) Oracle Database
11 9 (1.74%) Oracle Reports
12 8 (1.55%) Apache Cassandra
12 8 (1.55%) SQL Server 2012
13 7 (1.35%) Data Lake
13 7 (1.35%) Hadoop
13 7 (1.35%) Oracle Database 12c
14 6 (1.16%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 123 (23.79%) Jenkins
2 70 (13.54%) Travis CI
3 61 (11.80%) Git (software)
4 32 (6.19%) Maven
5 31 (6.00%) Vagrant
6 29 (5.61%) JIRA
7 28 (5.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 24 (4.64%) Gradle
8 24 (4.64%) gulp
9 22 (4.26%) Mercurial
10 20 (3.87%) Selenium
10 20 (3.87%) Visual Studio Team System
11 19 (3.68%) JUnit
12 18 (3.48%) GitLab
12 18 (3.48%) Team Foundation Server
13 14 (2.71%) CircleCI
14 13 (2.51%) Ant
14 13 (2.51%) Gerrit
14 13 (2.51%) IBM UrbanCode
15 9 (1.74%) MSI
General
1 50 (9.67%) Finance
2 26 (5.03%) Banking
3 22 (4.26%) Telecoms
4 12 (2.32%) Manufacturing
5 11 (2.13%) Retail
6 9 (1.74%) Publishing
7 8 (1.55%) Legal
8 7 (1.35%) Games
8 7 (1.35%) Marketing
9 6 (1.16%) Advertising
10 5 (0.97%) Electronics
11 3 (0.58%) Investment Banking
11 3 (0.58%) Law
11 3 (0.58%) Local Government
12 2 (0.39%) Back Office
12 2 (0.39%) Billing
12 2 (0.39%) Corporate Banking
12 2 (0.39%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.19%) Front Office
13 1 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 120 (23.21%) DevOps Engineer
2 41 (7.93%) Architect
3 35 (6.77%) Consultant
4 33 (6.38%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 30 (5.80%) Support Engineer
6 29 (5.61%) Analyst
7 28 (5.42%) Developer
8 21 (4.06%) Administrator
9 19 (3.68%) Azure Engineer
10 18 (3.48%) Senior DevOps
11 17 (3.29%) Cloud Engineer
11 17 (3.29%) Linux Engineer
11 17 (3.29%) Systems Administrator
12 15 (2.90%) Java Developer
12 15 (2.90%) Solutions Architect
13 14 (2.71%) DBA
13 14 (2.71%) Operations Engineer
14 13 (2.51%) VMware Engineer
15 12 (2.32%) AWS Engineer
15 12 (2.32%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (7.16%) RESTful
2 26 (5.03%) JSON
3 24 (4.64%) Web Services
4 23 (4.45%) Node.js
5 22 (4.26%) .NET
5 22 (4.26%) Elastic Stack
6 21 (4.06%) HTML
7 15 (2.90%) CSS
7 15 (2.90%) HTML5
7 15 (2.90%) RabbitMQ
7 15 (2.90%) XML
8 13 (2.51%) CSS3
8 13 (2.51%) Middleware
9 12 (2.32%) LAMP
9 12 (2.32%) SOAP
10 11 (2.13%) JSP
11 10 (1.93%) LAPP Stack
11 10 (1.93%) Struts
12 9 (1.74%) LEMP Stack
12 9 (1.74%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 38 (7.35%) Data Centre
2 32 (6.19%) Analytical Skills
3 25 (4.84%) Clustering
4 23 (4.45%) Linux Command Line
5 20 (3.87%) PKI
6 17 (3.29%) Management Information System
7 13 (2.51%) Replication
8 12 (2.32%) Hybrid Cloud
9 11 (2.13%) Computer Science
10 10 (1.93%) Mobile App
11 9 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
12 8 (1.55%) Fat Client
12 8 (1.55%) FMCG
12 8 (1.55%) Thin Client
13 7 (1.35%) Enterprise Storage
13 7 (1.35%) LPAR
13 7 (1.35%) MPEG
14 6 (1.16%) Client/Server
14 6 (1.16%) iPad
14 6 (1.16%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 226 (43.71%) Windows
2 217 (41.97%) Linux
3 93 (17.99%) Windows Server
4 69 (13.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 53 (10.25%) Windows Server 2012
6 50 (9.67%) Windows Server 2008
7 41 (7.93%) CentOS
8 36 (6.96%) Ubuntu
9 31 (6.00%) Unix
10 27 (5.22%) Windows 7
11 26 (5.03%) Windows 10
12 22 (4.26%) Windows Server 2003
13 17 (3.29%) DC/OS
14 14 (2.71%) Solaris
15 10 (1.93%) Data ONTAP
16 8 (1.55%) HPUX
16 8 (1.55%) Oracle Linux
16 8 (1.55%) VMS
17 6 (1.16%) AIX
17 6 (1.16%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 169 (32.69%) DevOps
2 120 (23.21%) Agile Software Development
3 111 (21.47%) Continuous Integration
4 104 (20.12%) Configuration Management
5 96 (18.57%) Open Source
6 67 (12.96%) Microservices
6 67 (12.96%) Problem-Solving
7 59 (11.41%) Migration
8 56 (10.83%) Test Automation
9 55 (10.64%) ITIL
9 55 (10.64%) OO
9 55 (10.64%) OOP
10 48 (9.28%) Scrum
11 32 (6.19%) Deployment Automation
11 32 (6.19%) SOA
12 31 (6.00%) Mentoring
12 31 (6.00%) SDLC
12 31 (6.00%) Target Operating Model
13 29 (5.61%) High Availability
14 27 (5.22%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 110 (21.28%) Java
2 101 (19.54%) Python
3 80 (15.47%) PowerShell
4 76 (14.70%) SQL
5 53 (10.25%) Groovy
6 47 (9.09%) Bash Shell
7 41 (7.93%) JavaScript
8 30 (5.80%) Shell Script
9 29 (5.61%) Ruby
10 26 (5.03%) Perl
10 26 (5.03%) Scala
11 18 (3.48%) Clojure
12 16 (3.09%) VBScript
13 12 (2.32%) C
13 12 (2.32%) C#
14 10 (1.93%) PHP
15 7 (1.35%) Erlang
16 6 (1.16%) Apex Code
16 6 (1.16%) Korn
17 5 (0.97%) Go
Qualifications
1 127 (24.56%) Security Cleared
2 102 (19.73%) SC Cleared
3 20 (3.87%) Degree
4 18 (3.48%) Microsoft Certification
5 17 (3.29%) DV Cleared
6 15 (2.90%) Cisco Certification
7 11 (2.13%) CCNP
8 10 (1.93%) MCSA
9 9 (1.74%) CCNA
9 9 (1.74%) Computer Science Degree
10 7 (1.35%) CISSP
10 7 (1.35%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 6 (1.16%) CCDP
11 6 (1.16%) Chartered Engineer
11 6 (1.16%) CISM
11 6 (1.16%) MCP
12 4 (0.77%) AWS Certification
12 4 (0.77%) ISTQB
12 4 (0.77%) MCSE
13 3 (0.58%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (2.32%) QA
2 9 (1.74%) Data Quality
3 6 (1.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (1.16%) SLA
4 4 (0.77%) PMO
5 3 (0.58%) GCP
6 2 (0.39%) COBIT
6 2 (0.39%) GDPR
6 2 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.19%) HL7
7 1 (0.19%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 133 (25.73%) VMware Infrastructure
2 108 (20.89%) Active Directory
3 91 (17.60%) Hyper-V
4 77 (14.89%) Docker
5 31 (6.00%) vSphere
6 28 (5.42%) VMware ESXi
7 25 (4.84%) VirtualBox
8 15 (2.90%) NFS
9 14 (2.71%) Xen
10 12 (2.32%) XenApp
11 9 (1.74%) Virtual Servers
12 8 (1.55%) KVM
12 8 (1.55%) Oracle RAC
12 8 (1.55%) Postfix
12 8 (1.55%) Squid
13 7 (1.35%) Microsoft App-V
13 7 (1.35%) VMware NSX
14 6 (1.16%) PowerHA
14 6 (1.16%) VMware Workstation
14 6 (1.16%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 128 (24.76%) Puppet
2 103 (19.92%) Ansible
3 102 (19.73%) Opscode Chef
4 56 (10.83%) Terraform
5 52 (10.06%) Kubernetes
6 51 (9.86%) SCCM
7 33 (6.38%) Packer
8 26 (5.03%) WSUS
9 25 (4.84%) Docker Swarm
10 24 (4.64%) SCOM
11 20 (3.87%) vCenter Server
12 16 (3.09%) Failover Clustering
13 15 (2.90%) Microsoft Clustering
13 15 (2.90%) SCVMM
13 15 (2.90%) ZABBIX
14 13 (2.51%) HAProxy
14 13 (2.51%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
15 11 (2.13%) Microsoft Intune
16 10 (1.93%) Data Guard
17 9 (1.74%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 156 (30.17%) VMware
2 131 (25.34%) Microsoft
3 57 (11.03%) Oracle
4 52 (10.06%) Red Hat
5 44 (8.51%) Citrix
6 43 (8.32%) Cisco
7 41 (7.93%) HP
8 40 (7.74%) Google
9 28 (5.42%) IBM
10 26 (5.03%) NetApp
11 25 (4.84%) Splunk
12 19 (3.68%) New Relic
13 15 (2.90%) Ivanti
14 14 (2.71%) McAfee
15 13 (2.51%) Dell
15 13 (2.51%) SAP
16 11 (2.13%) Fortinet
17 10 (1.93%) Informatica
17 10 (1.93%) Veritas
18 9 (1.74%) Remedy