Period
to 19 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 386 435 446
Rank change year-on-year +49 +11 -9
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 448 501 483
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.59% 0.53% 0.52%
As % of the System Software category 3.78% 3.45% 4.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 292 383 279
England median daily rate £475 £500 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +20.48% -5.14%
10th Percentile £325 £302 £223
90th Percentile £636 £700 £611
UK median daily rate £475 £500 £415
% change year-on-year -4.90% +20.36% -5.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 8 14
England median hourly rate £40.00 £19.85 £47.83
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +101.51% -58.50% +82.21%
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £19.85 £47.83
% change year-on-year +111.59% -58.50% +73.93%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 11,841 14,533 11,879
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.48% 15.39% 12.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,868 9,553 7,773
England median daily rate £454 £455 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.33% +7.06% +3.66%
10th Percentile £168 £186 £163
90th Percentile £638 £626 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 604 789 652
England median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.13% -3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.50 £10.40
90th Percentile £47.50 £43.75 £47.25
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £16.00 £16.50
% change year-on-year +6.25% -3.03% +3.13%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 19 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +41 161 £500 -9.09% 38
South East +34 105 £469 +9.39% 28
North of England +9 80 £450 -10.00% 17
South West +18 51 £480 +8.78% 12
North West -20 47 £450 -35.71% 9
Yorkshire +37 31 £450 - 7
Midlands +42 29 £419 +14.73% 14
East of England +35 21 £475 -5.00% 13
West Midlands +29 20 £425 +16.44% 7
East Midlands +23 9 £400 -17.95% 7
North East +15 2 £425 -19.05% 1
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 19 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 229 (51.12%) Windows
2 161 (35.94%) Azure
3 156 (34.82%) Microsoft
4 149 (33.26%) Active Directory
5 141 (31.47%) Linux
6 138 (30.80%) VMware
7 125 (27.90%) Windows Server
8 114 (25.45%) DevOps
9 110 (24.55%) VMware Infrastructure
10 109 (24.33%) Agile Software Development
11 103 (22.99%) Security Cleared
12 102 (22.77%) PowerShell
13 92 (20.54%) SQL
14 86 (19.20%) AWS
15 82 (18.30%) Docker
16 81 (18.08%) Python
17 79 (17.63%) Hyper-V
18 75 (16.74%) Configuration Management
19 72 (16.07%) DHCP
19 72 (16.07%) Data Centre
20 71 (15.85%) Kubernetes
20 71 (15.85%) DNS
21 70 (15.63%) ITIL
21 70 (15.63%) SQL Server
22 69 (15.40%) Git (software)
23 68 (15.18%) Puppet
24 66 (14.73%) IaaS
24 66 (14.73%) Migration
25 65 (14.51%) Jenkins
26 64 (14.29%) Continuous Integration

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (7.59%) SharePoint
2 23 (5.13%) IIS
2 23 (5.13%) MS Exchange
3 21 (4.69%) Skype for Business
4 18 (4.02%) Confluence
5 17 (3.79%) Apache
6 15 (3.35%) Exchange Server 2010
7 13 (2.90%) OpenStack
7 13 (2.90%) Tomcat
8 12 (2.68%) Exchange Server 2013
9 11 (2.46%) nginx
10 8 (1.79%) WebSphere
11 7 (1.56%) SharePoint 2013
12 6 (1.34%) CMS
12 6 (1.34%) JBoss
12 6 (1.34%) Sitecore CMS
12 6 (1.34%) Umbraco
12 6 (1.34%) WebLogic
13 4 (0.89%) Oracle Workflow
13 4 (0.89%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 16 (3.57%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.34%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.22%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.22%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.22%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 8 (1.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.89%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.67%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.22%) FLEXCUBE
4 1 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.22%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 161 (35.94%) Azure
2 86 (19.20%) AWS
3 66 (14.73%) IaaS
4 62 (13.84%) PaaS
5 34 (7.59%) Azure Active Directory
6 26 (5.80%) Office 365
7 25 (5.58%) GCP
8 21 (4.69%) Serverless
9 18 (4.02%) Azure Data Factory
10 15 (3.35%) Amazon EC2
11 14 (3.13%) OpenShift
12 12 (2.68%) GitHub
12 12 (2.68%) npm
12 12 (2.68%) Power Platform
13 10 (2.23%) Amazon ECS
13 10 (2.23%) Azure Functions
13 10 (2.23%) Data Lake Analytics
14 9 (2.01%) AWS CloudFormation
14 9 (2.01%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 8 (1.79%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 72 (16.07%) DHCP
2 71 (15.85%) DNS
3 44 (9.82%) Firewall
4 39 (8.71%) VPN
5 34 (7.59%) SAN
5 34 (7.59%) TCP/IP
6 31 (6.92%) iSCSI
7 23 (5.13%) HTTP
8 18 (4.02%) VSAN
9 17 (3.79%) Skype
10 15 (3.35%) Internet
10 15 (3.35%) NAS
11 13 (2.90%) Network Security
11 13 (2.90%) SSL
12 12 (2.68%) FTP
13 11 (2.46%) IPsec
13 11 (2.46%) WAN
14 9 (2.01%) LAN
15 6 (1.34%) Fibre Channel
15 6 (1.34%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (15.63%) SQL Server
2 37 (8.26%) Azure SQL Database
3 21 (4.69%) Data Lake
4 20 (4.46%) MySQL
5 17 (3.79%) Amazon RDS
5 17 (3.79%) SQL Server 2016
6 14 (3.13%) PostgreSQL
7 12 (2.68%) NoSQL
7 12 (2.68%) Oracle Database
7 12 (2.68%) Power BI
7 12 (2.68%) SQL Server 2014
7 12 (2.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 11 (2.46%) Data Warehouse
8 11 (2.46%) Relational Database
9 10 (2.23%) MongoDB
10 9 (2.01%) SQL Server 2012
11 8 (1.79%) HDInsight
11 8 (1.79%) RDBMS
11 8 (1.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 7 (1.56%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 69 (15.40%) Git (software)
2 65 (14.51%) Jenkins
3 31 (6.92%) Visual Studio Team System
4 29 (6.47%) JIRA
5 20 (4.46%) GitLab
6 18 (4.02%) Visual Studio
7 15 (3.35%) gulp
8 13 (2.90%) Bitbucket
9 11 (2.46%) Grunt
9 11 (2.46%) Maven
9 11 (2.46%) Travis CI
10 9 (2.01%) Gradle
10 9 (2.01%) MSI
10 9 (2.01%) SonarQube
10 9 (2.01%) TeamCity
10 9 (2.01%) Vagrant
11 8 (1.79%) Octopus Deploy
11 8 (1.79%) Team Foundation Server
12 7 (1.56%) Sonatype Nexus
12 7 (1.56%) Subversion
General
1 50 (11.16%) Finance
2 15 (3.35%) Banking
3 12 (2.68%) Publishing
4 11 (2.46%) Retail
5 8 (1.79%) Advertising
5 8 (1.79%) Public Sector
6 5 (1.12%) French Language
6 5 (1.12%) German Language
6 5 (1.12%) Marketing
6 5 (1.12%) Telecoms
7 4 (0.89%) Billing
8 3 (0.67%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.45%) Back Office
9 2 (0.45%) Military
10 1 (0.22%) Automotive
10 1 (0.22%) Corporate Banking
10 1 (0.22%) Electronics
10 1 (0.22%) Law
10 1 (0.22%) Legal
10 1 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 61 (13.62%) DevOps Engineer
2 42 (9.38%) Azure Engineer
3 38 (8.48%) Administrator
4 37 (8.26%) Developer
4 37 (8.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 34 (7.59%) Architect
6 27 (6.03%) Azure DevOps
7 24 (5.36%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 22 (4.91%) Support Engineer
9 21 (4.69%) Automation Engineer
10 18 (4.02%) Analyst
10 18 (4.02%) Azure Architect
10 18 (4.02%) VMware Engineer
11 17 (3.79%) Systems Administrator
11 17 (3.79%) Wintel Engineer
12 15 (3.35%) Consultant
13 14 (3.13%) Azure Developer
14 13 (2.90%) 3rd Line Engineer
14 13 (2.90%) C# Developer
14 13 (2.90%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 50 (11.16%) .NET
2 29 (6.47%) Web Services
3 21 (4.69%) HTML
4 19 (4.24%) .NET Framework
5 18 (4.02%) CSS
6 17 (3.79%) Elastic Stack
7 16 (3.57%) Node.js
8 14 (3.13%) AngularJS
8 14 (3.13%) JSON
9 13 (2.90%) Middleware
10 12 (2.68%) RESTful
11 11 (2.46%) YAML
12 8 (1.79%) 802.1X
12 8 (1.79%) ASP.NET
12 8 (1.79%) jQuery
12 8 (1.79%) SAML
13 7 (1.56%) Spring
14 6 (1.34%) ASP.NET MVC
14 6 (1.34%) LDAP
14 6 (1.34%) Razor View Engine
Miscellaneous
1 72 (16.07%) Data Centre
2 53 (11.83%) Clustering
3 33 (7.37%) Analytical Skills
4 27 (6.03%) Linux Command Line
5 21 (4.69%) User Experience
6 20 (4.46%) Hybrid Cloud
7 19 (4.24%) Management Information System
8 13 (2.90%) Public Cloud
9 11 (2.46%) Self-Motivation
10 10 (2.23%) Greenfield Project
10 10 (2.23%) Replication
10 10 (2.23%) VxBlock/Vblock
11 9 (2.01%) PKI
12 7 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
13 5 (1.12%) RIA
13 5 (1.12%) Virtual Team
14 4 (0.89%) HP StoreVirtual
14 4 (0.89%) NHS
14 4 (0.89%) Private Cloud
15 3 (0.67%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 229 (51.12%) Windows
2 141 (31.47%) Linux
3 125 (27.90%) Windows Server
4 54 (12.05%) Windows Server 2012
5 53 (11.83%) Windows 10
6 35 (7.81%) Windows Server 2008
7 32 (7.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 28 (6.25%) Windows 7
9 26 (5.80%) Unix
10 15 (3.35%) Ubuntu
10 15 (3.35%) VMS
11 12 (2.68%) Solaris
12 9 (2.01%) CentOS
12 9 (2.01%) Oracle Linux
13 8 (1.79%) Windows 8
14 7 (1.56%) Data ONTAP
14 7 (1.56%) Windows Server 2003
15 5 (1.12%) HPUX
15 5 (1.12%) Mac OS X
16 4 (0.89%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 114 (25.45%) DevOps
2 109 (24.33%) Agile Software Development
3 75 (16.74%) Configuration Management
4 70 (15.63%) ITIL
5 66 (14.73%) Migration
6 64 (14.29%) Continuous Integration
7 62 (13.84%) Test Automation
8 52 (11.61%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 47 (10.49%) Analytics
10 45 (10.04%) Scrum
11 41 (9.15%) Problem-Solving
12 40 (8.93%) High Availability
13 37 (8.26%) Infrastructure as Code
14 35 (7.81%) Data Protection
14 35 (7.81%) Microservices
15 32 (7.14%) Open Source
16 30 (6.70%) Network Virtualisation
17 24 (5.36%) Continuous Delivery
18 23 (5.13%) Change Management
18 23 (5.13%) Server Management
Programming Languages
1 102 (22.77%) PowerShell
2 92 (20.54%) SQL
3 81 (18.08%) Python
4 57 (12.72%) C#
5 51 (11.38%) Java
6 48 (10.71%) Bash Shell
7 28 (6.25%) JavaScript
8 15 (3.35%) Ruby
9 13 (2.90%) C
9 13 (2.90%) Go
10 11 (2.46%) Shell Script
11 10 (2.23%) Groovy
11 10 (2.23%) Perl
12 8 (1.79%) PHP
13 7 (1.56%) R
13 7 (1.56%) VBScript
14 4 (0.89%) VB
15 3 (0.67%) C++
15 3 (0.67%) PL/SQL
15 3 (0.67%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 103 (22.99%) Security Cleared
2 57 (12.72%) SC Cleared
3 54 (12.05%) DV Cleared
4 27 (6.03%) Degree
5 21 (4.69%) Microsoft Certification
6 13 (2.90%) MCSE
7 12 (2.68%) ITIL Certification
8 10 (2.23%) MCSA
9 9 (2.01%) Cisco Certification
10 8 (1.79%) MCP
11 7 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
12 6 (1.34%) CCNA
12 6 (1.34%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 5 (1.12%) Citrix Certification
14 4 (0.89%) NCDA
14 4 (0.89%) NCIE
14 4 (0.89%) NCSIE
15 3 (0.67%) VCAP
15 3 (0.67%) VCP4
15 3 (0.67%) VCP5
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (3.57%) SLA
2 9 (2.01%) QA
3 8 (1.79%) NCSC
4 7 (1.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (1.12%) Government Security Classifications
5 5 (1.12%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.67%) COBIT
6 3 (0.67%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.22%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.22%) GAMP
7 1 (0.22%) GDPR
7 1 (0.22%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.22%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.22%) NIST
7 1 (0.22%) RMADS
7 1 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.22%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 149 (33.26%) Active Directory
2 110 (24.55%) VMware Infrastructure
3 82 (18.30%) Docker
4 79 (17.63%) Hyper-V
5 49 (10.94%) VMware ESXi
6 39 (8.71%) vSphere
7 36 (8.04%) NFS
8 24 (5.36%) Virtual Desktop
9 21 (4.69%) XenDesktop
10 19 (4.24%) Microsoft App-V
10 19 (4.24%) XenApp
11 17 (3.79%) VMware NSX
12 15 (3.35%) VMFS
13 14 (3.13%) DFS Replication
13 14 (3.13%) Virtual Servers
14 11 (2.46%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 8 (1.79%) LXC
15 8 (1.79%) vCloud
16 7 (1.56%) Gluster
16 7 (1.56%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 71 (15.85%) Kubernetes
2 68 (15.18%) Puppet
3 57 (12.72%) SCCM
4 51 (11.38%) Ansible
5 50 (11.16%) Opscode Chef
6 44 (9.82%) SCVMM
7 41 (9.15%) Terraform
8 38 (8.48%) SCOM
9 35 (7.81%) vCenter Server
10 34 (7.59%) Microsoft Clustering
11 31 (6.92%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
12 24 (5.36%) WSUS
13 20 (4.46%) vRealize
14 19 (4.24%) Failover Clustering
15 17 (3.79%) vMotion
16 14 (3.13%) SCDPM
16 14 (3.13%) SCSM
17 13 (2.90%) Network Intrusion Detection System
18 12 (2.68%) Host Intrusion Detection System
19 10 (2.23%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 156 (34.82%) Microsoft
2 138 (30.80%) VMware
3 49 (10.94%) Citrix
4 47 (10.49%) Oracle
5 39 (8.71%) Red Hat
6 32 (7.14%) Cisco
7 26 (5.80%) HP
8 23 (5.13%) Google
9 19 (4.24%) Dell
10 12 (2.68%) NetApp
11 9 (2.01%) Symantec
12 7 (1.56%) Ivanti
12 7 (1.56%) Splunk
13 6 (1.34%) 3PAR
13 6 (1.34%) ArcSight
13 6 (1.34%) Coverity
13 6 (1.34%) Databricks
13 6 (1.34%) F5
13 6 (1.34%) Palo Alto
13 6 (1.34%) Veeam