Period
to 3 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 3 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
3 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 325 336 420
Rank change year-on-year +11 +84 +12
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 281 619 505
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.69% 0.75% 0.55%
As % of the System Software category 4.46% 4.82% 4.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 193 425 335
Median daily rate £472 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.28% +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £290 £313 £263
90th Percentile £575 £683 £633
UK median daily rate £470 £478 £475
% change year-on-year -1.57% +0.53% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 17 19
Median hourly rate £22.50 £36.67 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -38.64% -22.80% +171.43%
10th Percentile £18.86 £16.04 £17.81
90th Percentile £35.00 £46.96 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £28.75 £36.34 £47.50
% change year-on-year -20.88% -23.51% +171.43%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 6,306 12,844 12,544
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.59% 15.64% 13.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,081 8,653 8,160
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £185 £190 £185
90th Percentile £644 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £469 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -1.34% +5.56% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 333 517 728
Median hourly rate £19.00 £17.00 £16.29
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +4.37% +1.80%
10th Percentile £11.31 £11.00 £11.00
90th Percentile £44.11 £47.83 £45.87
Median hourly rate £19.25 £16.74 £15.86
% change year-on-year +14.98% +5.56% -0.88%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 3 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 3 June 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 3 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -12 85 £450 -14.29% 11
South East +85 81 £500 +12.99% 12
South West +40 36 £525 +10.53% 5
North of England +55 35 £360 -28.00% 8
Midlands +66 24 £450 +5.88% 4
West Midlands +60 21 £450 - 4
North West +53 21 £360 -28.00% 5
East of England +56 14 £400 -5.88% 1
Yorkshire +50 13 £375 -18.92% 2
East Midlands +30 3 £348 -14.09%
North East +23 1 - - 1
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 3 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 131 (46.62%) Windows
2 104 (37.01%) Azure
3 101 (35.94%) Microsoft
4 88 (31.32%) SQL
5 86 (30.60%) Linux
6 77 (27.40%) DevOps
7 74 (26.33%) PowerShell
8 67 (23.84%) Security Cleared
9 64 (22.78%) PaaS
9 64 (22.78%) Agile Software Development
10 61 (21.71%) VMware
11 59 (21.00%) Test Automation
12 58 (20.64%) IaaS
13 57 (20.28%) Active Directory
14 56 (19.93%) SC Cleared
14 56 (19.93%) Analytics
15 55 (19.57%) VMware Infrastructure
16 51 (18.15%) Continuous Integration
16 51 (18.15%) Business Intelligence
16 51 (18.15%) Windows Server
16 51 (18.15%) Data Lake
17 46 (16.37%) Data Management
18 45 (16.01%) Power Platform
18 45 (16.01%) Power BI
18 45 (16.01%) HDInsight
19 44 (15.66%) Scrum
20 43 (15.30%) Visual Studio
20 43 (15.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
21 42 (14.95%) Infrastructure as Code
22 40 (14.23%) DNS

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (4.63%) SharePoint
2 11 (3.91%) MS Exchange
3 10 (3.56%) nginx
4 8 (2.85%) Exchange Server 2010
5 7 (2.49%) Confluence
5 7 (2.49%) IIS
6 6 (2.14%) Tomcat
7 4 (1.42%) Cloud Foundry
7 4 (1.42%) OpenStack
8 2 (0.71%) CMS
8 2 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 2 (0.71%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.36%) Elasticsearch
9 1 (0.36%) Exchange Server 2013
9 1 (0.36%) JBoss
9 1 (0.36%) MQSeries
9 1 (0.36%) Oracle Service Bus
9 1 (0.36%) Oracle Workflow
9 1 (0.36%) Skype for Business
9 1 (0.36%) WebLogic Portal
Applications
1 8 (2.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (2.14%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (1.07%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (1.07%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.36%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 1 (0.36%) Actimize
1 1 (0.36%) assyst
1 1 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
1 1 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.36%) NetSuite
1 1 (0.36%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 104 (37.01%) Azure
2 64 (22.78%) PaaS
3 58 (20.64%) IaaS
4 45 (16.01%) Power Platform
5 33 (11.74%) Office 365
6 19 (6.76%) AWS
7 13 (4.63%) OpenShift
8 9 (3.20%) Azure Data Factory
8 9 (3.20%) GitHub
9 8 (2.85%) Serverless
10 7 (2.49%) Azure Active Directory
11 6 (2.14%) Apigee
12 4 (1.42%) GCP
12 4 (1.42%) npm
13 3 (1.07%) Amazon EC2
13 3 (1.07%) Azure Functions
13 3 (1.07%) OneDrive
13 3 (1.07%) SaaS
13 3 (1.07%) Slack
13 3 (1.07%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 40 (14.23%) DNS
2 30 (10.68%) Firewall
3 27 (9.61%) DHCP
4 24 (8.54%) SAN
5 19 (6.76%) TCP/IP
6 16 (5.69%) Internet
6 16 (5.69%) WAN
6 16 (5.69%) Wireless
7 15 (5.34%) LAN
8 14 (4.98%) Network Security
9 13 (4.63%) VPN
10 12 (4.27%) IPv4
11 11 (3.91%) Ethernet
12 9 (3.20%) HTTP
12 9 (3.20%) WLAN
13 8 (2.85%) IPv6
13 8 (2.85%) SNMP
13 8 (2.85%) Wireshark
14 7 (2.49%) BGP
14 7 (2.49%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (18.15%) Data Lake
2 45 (16.01%) HDInsight
2 45 (16.01%) Power BI
3 43 (15.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 34 (12.10%) SQL Server
5 16 (5.69%) Azure SQL Database
6 13 (4.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 11 (3.91%) Hadoop
7 11 (3.91%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 10 (3.56%) Data Warehouse
8 10 (3.56%) Microsoft Analysis Services
9 9 (3.20%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 9 (3.20%) Snowflake Schema
10 6 (2.14%) MySQL
10 6 (2.14%) Oracle Reports
11 5 (1.78%) Big Data
11 5 (1.78%) SQL Server 2012
12 4 (1.42%) Amazon RDS
12 4 (1.42%) Cosmos DB
12 4 (1.42%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 43 (15.30%) Visual Studio
2 25 (8.90%) Jenkins
3 16 (5.69%) Git (software)
4 9 (3.20%) JIRA
5 6 (2.14%) Maven
6 5 (1.78%) GitLab
6 5 (1.78%) gulp
6 5 (1.78%) Subversion
6 5 (1.78%) Visual Studio Team System
7 4 (1.42%) CircleCI
7 4 (1.42%) Gradle
7 4 (1.42%) Travis CI
8 3 (1.07%) Sonatype Nexus
9 2 (0.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 2 (0.71%) AutoIt
9 2 (0.71%) Rational DOORS
9 2 (0.71%) SonarQube
9 2 (0.71%) StarTeam
9 2 (0.71%) Vagrant
9 2 (0.71%) Zephyr
General
1 22 (7.83%) Finance
2 18 (6.41%) Banking
3 17 (6.05%) Telecoms
4 14 (4.98%) Retail
5 12 (4.27%) Public Sector
6 3 (1.07%) Financial Institution
6 3 (1.07%) Military
7 2 (0.71%) Publishing
8 1 (0.36%) Advertising
8 1 (0.36%) Avionics
8 1 (0.36%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.36%) Law
8 1 (0.36%) Legal
8 1 (0.36%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.36%) Marketing
8 1 (0.36%) Police
Job Titles
1 59 (21.00%) DevOps Engineer
2 30 (10.68%) Azure Engineer
3 18 (6.41%) Administrator
3 18 (6.41%) Support Engineer
4 16 (5.69%) Azure DevOps Engineer
4 16 (5.69%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 15 (5.34%) Systems Engineer
6 14 (4.98%) Architect
6 14 (4.98%) Consultant
6 14 (4.98%) Data Engineer
6 14 (4.98%) Developer
7 13 (4.63%) Systems Administrator
8 12 (4.27%) Technical Engineer
9 11 (3.91%) Cloud Engineer
10 10 (3.56%) Azure DevOps
10 10 (3.56%) Unix Engineer
10 10 (3.56%) Unix Systems Engineer
10 10 (3.56%) VMware Engineer
11 9 (3.20%) Analyst
11 9 (3.20%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (3.20%) .NET
2 7 (2.49%) 802.1X
2 7 (2.49%) Middleware
3 6 (2.14%) HTML
3 6 (2.14%) REST
4 5 (1.78%) Node.js
4 5 (1.78%) RESTful
5 4 (1.42%) Elastic Stack
5 4 (1.42%) HTML5
5 4 (1.42%) Web Services
6 3 (1.07%) CSS
6 3 (1.07%) LDAP
6 3 (1.07%) XML
6 3 (1.07%) YAML
7 2 (0.71%) Ajax
7 2 (0.71%) AngularJS
7 2 (0.71%) Jinja
7 2 (0.71%) SAML
7 2 (0.71%) SOAP
7 2 (0.71%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 25 (8.90%) Clustering
2 19 (6.76%) Data Centre
3 18 (6.41%) Analytical Skills
4 12 (4.27%) User Experience
5 8 (2.85%) HP StoreVirtual
5 8 (2.85%) Management Information System
6 6 (2.14%) Replication
6 6 (2.14%) Self-Motivation
7 5 (1.78%) IPTV
7 5 (1.78%) PKI
8 4 (1.42%) CCTV
8 4 (1.42%) Cloud Native
8 4 (1.42%) Hybrid Cloud
8 4 (1.42%) Public Cloud
9 3 (1.07%) Analytical Mindset
9 3 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
9 3 (1.07%) FMCG
9 3 (1.07%) Hedge funds
9 3 (1.07%) Linux Command Line
10 2 (0.71%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 131 (46.62%) Windows
2 86 (30.60%) Linux
3 51 (18.15%) Windows Server
4 34 (12.10%) Windows 10
5 26 (9.25%) Windows Server 2012
6 21 (7.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 20 (7.12%) Unix
8 18 (6.41%) Windows Server 2016
9 16 (5.69%) Windows Server 2008
10 14 (4.98%) Solaris
11 9 (3.20%) Windows 7
12 8 (2.85%) VMS
13 6 (2.14%) CentOS
14 5 (1.78%) SUSE
14 5 (1.78%) Windows Server 2003
14 5 (1.78%) Windows Server 2019
15 4 (1.42%) Mac OS
16 3 (1.07%) Ubuntu
16 3 (1.07%) Windows 8
17 2 (0.71%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 77 (27.40%) DevOps
2 64 (22.78%) Agile Software Development
3 59 (21.00%) Test Automation
4 56 (19.93%) Analytics
5 51 (18.15%) Business Intelligence
5 51 (18.15%) Continuous Integration
6 46 (16.37%) Data Management
7 44 (15.66%) Scrum
8 42 (14.95%) Infrastructure as Code
9 39 (13.88%) Continuous Delivery
10 38 (13.52%) Data-Driven Testing
10 38 (13.52%) Security Testing
11 35 (12.46%) ITIL
12 31 (11.03%) Project Delivery
13 30 (10.68%) Migration
14 24 (8.54%) Problem-Solving
15 23 (8.19%) Data Protection
16 20 (7.12%) Data Modelling
17 19 (6.76%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 19 (6.76%) Task Automation
Programming Languages
1 88 (31.32%) SQL
2 74 (26.33%) PowerShell
3 29 (10.32%) Python
4 23 (8.19%) Shell Script
5 22 (7.83%) C#
6 17 (6.05%) C
6 17 (6.05%) Java
7 12 (4.27%) Bash Shell
8 8 (2.85%) Perl
9 7 (2.49%) JavaScript
10 3 (1.07%) Groovy
10 3 (1.07%) PL/SQL
10 3 (1.07%) R
11 2 (0.71%) Go
11 2 (0.71%) MATLAB
11 2 (0.71%) Tcl
11 2 (0.71%) T-SQL
12 1 (0.36%) Embedded C
12 1 (0.36%) VBScript
12 1 (0.36%) XQuery
Qualifications
1 67 (23.84%) Security Cleared
2 56 (19.93%) SC Cleared
3 22 (7.83%) DV Cleared
4 11 (3.91%) Microsoft Certification
5 9 (3.20%) ITIL Certification
6 5 (1.78%) Degree
6 5 (1.78%) MCSA
7 4 (1.42%) A+ Certification
7 4 (1.42%) ACSP
7 4 (1.42%) Cisco Certification
7 4 (1.42%) MCITP
7 4 (1.42%) MCTS
8 3 (1.07%) BC Cleared
8 3 (1.07%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.71%) CCIE
9 2 (0.71%) Citrix Certification
9 2 (0.71%) CompTIA Security+
9 2 (0.71%) Network+ Certification
9 2 (0.71%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 1 (0.36%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.91%) SLA
2 7 (2.49%) Government Security Classifications
3 6 (2.14%) NCSC
3 6 (2.14%) QA
4 3 (1.07%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 2 (0.71%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 15288
5 2 (0.71%) RMADS
6 1 (0.36%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.36%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 1 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 57 (20.28%) Active Directory
2 55 (19.57%) VMware Infrastructure
3 38 (13.52%) Hyper-V
4 24 (8.54%) Docker
5 18 (6.41%) VMware ESXi
6 13 (4.63%) Virtual Desktop
7 10 (3.56%) LXC
7 10 (3.56%) Microsoft App-V
7 10 (3.56%) vSphere
8 7 (2.49%) DFS Replication
8 7 (2.49%) Squid
9 5 (1.78%) NFS
9 5 (1.78%) Virtual Servers
9 5 (1.78%) XenApp
9 5 (1.78%) XenDesktop
10 4 (1.42%) vCloud
10 4 (1.42%) VMFS
10 4 (1.42%) VMware NSX
11 3 (1.07%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.71%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 26 (9.25%) SCVMM
2 24 (8.54%) Ansible
3 23 (8.19%) Kubernetes
4 20 (7.12%) SCOM
5 19 (6.76%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
6 18 (6.41%) Terraform
7 17 (6.05%) SCCM
8 14 (4.98%) Microsoft Clustering
8 14 (4.98%) Puppet
9 12 (4.27%) Failover Clustering
9 12 (4.27%) WSUS
10 9 (3.20%) Opscode Chef
10 9 (3.20%) SCDPM
10 9 (3.20%) SCSM
11 8 (2.85%) vCenter Server
11 8 (2.85%) vRealize
12 6 (2.14%) Opsview
12 6 (2.14%) Red Hat Satellite
12 6 (2.14%) Single Sign-On
12 6 (2.14%) vMotion
Vendors
1 101 (35.94%) Microsoft
2 61 (21.71%) VMware
3 30 (10.68%) Informatica
4 29 (10.32%) Oracle
5 24 (8.54%) Red Hat
6 20 (7.12%) HP
7 17 (6.05%) Cisco
8 15 (5.34%) Dell
9 10 (3.56%) Splunk
10 9 (3.20%) Databricks
10 9 (3.20%) Hortonworks
11 8 (2.85%) Citrix
11 8 (2.85%) Google
11 8 (2.85%) IBM
12 7 (2.49%) ArcSight
12 7 (2.49%) CheckPoint
12 7 (2.49%) EMC
12 7 (2.49%) Sun
13 6 (2.14%) Lumension
13 6 (2.14%) ServiceNow