Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 465 322 415
Rank change year-on-year -143 +93 +22
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 285 160 466
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.44% 0.63% 0.59%
As % of the System Software category 3.09% 4.29% 3.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 171 111 297
10th Percentile £310 £313 £308
25th Percentile £386 £406 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £473 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year -5.50% +5.26% -3.06%
75th Percentile £553 £561 £575
90th Percentile £675 £600 £674
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 2 9
10th Percentile £42.13 £20.99 £14.93
25th Percentile £62.44 £21.33 £16.15
Median hourly rate £69.25 £22.64 £39.50
Median % change year-on-year +205.84% -42.68% +88.10%
75th Percentile £80.44 £23.60 £42.00
90th Percentile £81.75 £23.72 £42.50
UK median hourly rate £69.25 £22.64 £40.00
% change year-on-year +205.84% -43.39% +90.48%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 9,225 3,731 12,448
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.21% 14.58% 15.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,583 2,534 8,511
10th Percentile £200 £230 £176
25th Percentile £380 £375 £340
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £481 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +1.21% +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 320 138 529
10th Percentile £11.77 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.25 £12.78 £13.00
Median hourly rate £17.00 £17.88 £16.00
Median % change year-on-year -4.90% +11.72% -
75th Percentile £28.75 £40.00 £23.75
90th Percentile £63.83 £51.83 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.75 £16.62
% change year-on-year -1.41% +6.83% +3.84%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -187 102 £521 +4.25% 38
South East -48 69 £425 -18.27% 17
South West -24 31 £522 +17.63% 19
East of England -29 21 £175 -49.28% 11
North of England -74 19 £425 -5.56% 25
Midlands -79 12 £401 -10.83% 27
Yorkshire -43 8 £483 +7.22% 7
West Midlands -61 8 £403 -10.56% 16
North West - 7 £400 - 18
East Midlands -41 4 £400 - 10
North East - 4 - -
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 123 (43.16%) Windows
2 109 (38.25%) Azure
3 100 (35.09%) VMware
4 99 (34.74%) Linux
5 89 (31.23%) Active Directory
6 88 (30.88%) VMware Infrastructure
7 73 (25.61%) Security Cleared
8 70 (24.56%) Microsoft
9 64 (22.46%) DevOps
10 60 (21.05%) SQL
11 56 (19.65%) Windows Server
12 55 (19.30%) Social Skills
13 51 (17.89%) SC Cleared
14 48 (16.84%) Agile Software Development
14 48 (16.84%) ITIL
15 47 (16.49%) Migration
15 47 (16.49%) Ansible
16 45 (15.79%) Python
17 44 (15.44%) Kubernetes
18 43 (15.09%) Data Centre
19 40 (14.04%) Firewall
19 40 (14.04%) PowerShell
19 40 (14.04%) AWS
20 37 (12.98%) IaaS
21 36 (12.63%) Infrastructure Engineering
21 36 (12.63%) Oracle
22 34 (11.93%) Dell
22 34 (11.93%) PaaS
23 33 (11.58%) Azure Active Directory
23 33 (11.58%) Terraform

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (7.02%) SharePoint
2 18 (6.32%) nginx
3 11 (3.86%) MS Exchange
4 10 (3.51%) Apache
4 10 (3.51%) JBoss
5 7 (2.46%) MS Project Server
5 7 (2.46%) OpenStack
6 4 (1.40%) IIS
7 3 (1.05%) WebLogic
8 2 (0.70%) CICS
8 2 (0.70%) Tomcat
8 2 (0.70%) WebSphere
9 1 (0.35%) CMS
9 1 (0.35%) Confluence
9 1 (0.35%) Elasticsearch
9 1 (0.35%) Exchange Server 2013
9 1 (0.35%) SharePoint Server
9 1 (0.35%) Skype for Business
9 1 (0.35%) WebSphere Application Server
9 1 (0.35%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 7 (2.46%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (1.05%) GIMP
2 3 (1.05%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 2 (0.70%) Oracle ERP
1 2 (0.70%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.35%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 109 (38.25%) Azure
2 40 (14.04%) AWS
3 37 (12.98%) IaaS
4 34 (11.93%) PaaS
5 33 (11.58%) Azure Active Directory
6 32 (11.23%) Microsoft 365
7 23 (8.07%) SaaS
8 16 (5.61%) Azure Storage
9 14 (4.91%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 14 (4.91%) GCP
10 11 (3.86%) Cloud Computing
11 10 (3.51%) Azure App Service
11 10 (3.51%) Serverless
12 9 (3.16%) Amazon ELB
12 9 (3.16%) Azure Data Factory
12 9 (3.16%) Azure Key Vault
13 8 (2.81%) npm
14 6 (2.11%) Azure Pipelines
14 6 (2.11%) dbt
14 6 (2.11%) SonarCloud
Communications & Networking
1 40 (14.04%) Firewall
2 32 (11.23%) DNS
3 22 (7.72%) DHCP
3 22 (7.72%) Network Security
4 21 (7.37%) VSAN
5 17 (5.96%) WAN
6 14 (4.91%) VPN
7 13 (4.56%) SSL
8 12 (4.21%) SAN
9 10 (3.51%) LAN
10 9 (3.16%) Internet
10 9 (3.16%) TCP/IP
10 9 (3.16%) VLAN
11 7 (2.46%) Cisco ICM
12 4 (1.40%) NAS
13 3 (1.05%) iSCSI
13 3 (1.05%) Radio Access Network
13 3 (1.05%) Softphone
13 3 (1.05%) SSH
13 3 (1.05%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (8.07%) SQL Server
2 11 (3.86%) MySQL
3 8 (2.81%) MongoDB
4 6 (2.11%) BigQuery
5 5 (1.75%) Amazon RDS
5 5 (1.75%) Azure SQL Database
5 5 (1.75%) Big Data
5 5 (1.75%) Data Lake
6 4 (1.40%) NoSQL
6 4 (1.40%) Oracle Database
7 3 (1.05%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (1.05%) Power BI
7 3 (1.05%) SAP HANA
8 2 (0.70%) DB2
8 2 (0.70%) PowerCenter
8 2 (0.70%) Qlik Sense
8 2 (0.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 2 (0.70%) Tableau
9 1 (0.35%) Blockchain
9 1 (0.35%) Spatial Data
Development Applications
1 29 (10.18%) Git (software)
2 18 (6.32%) Jenkins
3 11 (3.86%) gulp
3 11 (3.86%) Rational DOORS
4 10 (3.51%) CppUnit
4 10 (3.51%) PVCS
5 9 (3.16%) Gradle
5 9 (3.16%) Maven
5 9 (3.16%) SonarQube
6 6 (2.11%) CircleCI
6 6 (2.11%) Travis CI
7 5 (1.75%) GitLab
7 5 (1.75%) Jasmine
8 4 (1.40%) JIRA
8 4 (1.40%) Mercurial
9 3 (1.05%) Bower
9 3 (1.05%) Grunt
9 3 (1.05%) MSI
9 3 (1.05%) Visual Studio
9 3 (1.05%) webpack
General
1 55 (19.30%) Social Skills
2 32 (11.23%) Finance
3 16 (5.61%) Telecoms
4 15 (5.26%) Banking
5 11 (3.86%) Public Sector
6 9 (3.16%) Analytical Skills
7 8 (2.81%) Documentation Skills
8 6 (2.11%) Retail
9 5 (1.75%) Presentation Skills
10 4 (1.40%) Billing
10 4 (1.40%) Law
10 4 (1.40%) Legal
11 2 (0.70%) Back Office
11 2 (0.70%) French Language
11 2 (0.70%) Front Office
11 2 (0.70%) Influencing Skills
11 2 (0.70%) Organisational Skills
11 2 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.35%) Police
12 1 (0.35%) Social Science
Job Titles
1 32 (11.23%) Architect
2 29 (10.18%) Azure Engineer
2 29 (10.18%) DevOps Engineer
3 28 (9.82%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 27 (9.47%) Developer
5 20 (7.02%) Consultant
6 19 (6.67%) Azure Architect
7 16 (5.61%) Azure DevOps
8 14 (4.91%) Support Engineer
9 12 (4.21%) Build Engineer
9 12 (4.21%) Virtualisation Engineer
10 11 (3.86%) Analyst
10 11 (3.86%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 11 (3.86%) Embedded Engineer
10 11 (3.86%) Software Engineer
10 11 (3.86%) Systems Engineer
11 10 (3.51%) Embedded C/C++ Engineer
11 10 (3.51%) Embedded C++ Engineer
11 10 (3.51%) Hyper-V Engineer
11 10 (3.51%) VMware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (8.07%) JSON
2 13 (4.56%) XML
3 12 (4.21%) React
4 11 (3.86%) YAML
5 10 (3.51%) Django
6 9 (3.16%) .NET
6 9 (3.16%) Node.js
7 8 (2.81%) RESTful
7 8 (2.81%) Web Services
8 7 (2.46%) HTML
8 7 (2.46%) HTML5
9 6 (2.11%) ARM Templates
9 6 (2.11%) Flask
9 6 (2.11%) VXML
10 5 (1.75%) XMPP
11 4 (1.40%) CSS
11 4 (1.40%) CSS3
11 4 (1.40%) OAuth
11 4 (1.40%) OAuth2
11 4 (1.40%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 43 (15.09%) Data Centre
2 23 (8.07%) Clustering
3 13 (4.56%) Public Cloud
3 13 (4.56%) User Experience
4 11 (3.86%) Virtual Team
5 8 (2.81%) Data Protection Act
5 8 (2.81%) Hybrid Cloud
5 8 (2.81%) Replication
6 7 (2.46%) Linux Command Line
7 6 (2.11%) Video Conferencing
8 5 (1.75%) Cloud Native
8 5 (1.75%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 4 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (1.40%) Management Information System
10 3 (1.05%) PMI
11 2 (0.70%) iPad
11 2 (0.70%) iPhone
11 2 (0.70%) Mainframe
11 2 (0.70%) Thin Client
11 2 (0.70%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 123 (43.16%) Windows
2 99 (34.74%) Linux
3 56 (19.65%) Windows Server
4 26 (9.12%) Windows 10
5 22 (7.72%) Windows Server 2016
6 19 (6.67%) Windows Server 2012
7 11 (3.86%) Unix
8 10 (3.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (3.51%) VMS
9 8 (2.81%) Windows Server 2008
10 6 (2.11%) Windows Server 2019
11 4 (1.40%) Android
11 4 (1.40%) CentOS
11 4 (1.40%) Windows Server 2003
12 3 (1.05%) Apple iOS
12 3 (1.05%) Mac OS
12 3 (1.05%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.70%) Oracle Linux
13 2 (0.70%) Ubuntu
13 2 (0.70%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 64 (22.46%) DevOps
2 48 (16.84%) Agile Software Development
2 48 (16.84%) ITIL
3 47 (16.49%) Migration
4 36 (12.63%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 28 (9.82%) Problem-Solving
6 27 (9.47%) Data Protection
7 26 (9.12%) Analytics
8 23 (8.07%) Open Source
9 20 (7.02%) Microservices
10 19 (6.67%) Infrastructure as Code
11 18 (6.32%) Configuration Management
11 18 (6.32%) Disaster Recovery
12 17 (5.96%) High Availability
13 16 (5.61%) Cybersecurity
14 15 (5.26%) Software Engineering
14 15 (5.26%) Storage Management
15 14 (4.91%) Mentoring
16 13 (4.56%) Unit Testing
17 12 (4.21%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 60 (21.05%) SQL
2 45 (15.79%) Python
3 40 (14.04%) PowerShell
4 22 (7.72%) Java
5 19 (6.67%) C++
6 16 (5.61%) C
7 13 (4.56%) Bash Shell
8 11 (3.86%) Embedded C
8 11 (3.86%) Embedded C++
8 11 (3.86%) JavaScript
9 10 (3.51%) Shell Script
10 8 (2.81%) Groovy
10 8 (2.81%) Perl
11 7 (2.46%) C#
12 5 (1.75%) Ruby
13 4 (1.40%) VBScript
14 3 (1.05%) Go
14 3 (1.05%) Scala
15 2 (0.70%) T-SQL
15 2 (0.70%) VB
Qualifications
1 73 (25.61%) Security Cleared
2 51 (17.89%) SC Cleared
3 23 (8.07%) DV Cleared
4 6 (2.11%) Degree
5 5 (1.75%) Microsoft Certification
6 4 (1.40%) Cisco Certification
6 4 (1.40%) ISTQB
6 4 (1.40%) PMP
7 3 (1.05%) CCNA
7 3 (1.05%) MCSE
7 3 (1.05%) PMI Certification
7 3 (1.05%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 2 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.70%) MCSA
9 1 (0.35%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 1 (0.35%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.35%) CISM
9 1 (0.35%) CISSP
9 1 (0.35%) Computer Science Degree
9 1 (0.35%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (5.96%) QA
2 9 (3.16%) Data Quality
3 6 (2.11%) Accessibility
4 5 (1.75%) SLA
5 3 (1.05%) GDPR
6 2 (0.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.35%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 89 (31.23%) Active Directory
2 88 (30.88%) VMware Infrastructure
3 28 (9.82%) VMware ESXi
4 26 (9.12%) vSphere
5 25 (8.77%) Hyper-V
6 23 (8.07%) Virtual Desktop
7 19 (6.67%) Docker
8 15 (5.26%) VMware NSX
9 13 (4.56%) Microsoft App-V
10 11 (3.86%) Virtual Servers
11 10 (3.51%) DFS Replication
11 10 (3.51%) vCloud
12 4 (1.40%) BitLocker
13 3 (1.05%) Firmware
13 3 (1.05%) NFS
14 2 (0.70%) LXC
14 2 (0.70%) Oracle RAC
14 2 (0.70%) RACF
15 1 (0.35%) Job Entry Subsystem
15 1 (0.35%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 47 (16.49%) Ansible
2 44 (15.44%) Kubernetes
3 33 (11.58%) Terraform
4 29 (10.18%) SCCM
5 23 (8.07%) SCVMM
6 21 (7.37%) vCenter Server
7 15 (5.26%) WSUS
8 13 (4.56%) vRealize
9 12 (4.21%) Microsoft Intune
10 11 (3.86%) Failover Clustering
10 11 (3.86%) Microsoft Clustering
10 11 (3.86%) SCOM
11 10 (3.51%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
11 10 (3.51%) Opscode Chef
11 10 (3.51%) Puppet
11 10 (3.51%) SCDPM
11 10 (3.51%) SCSM
12 7 (2.46%) Istio
13 6 (2.11%) Argo
13 6 (2.11%) Cisco UCCE
Vendors
1 100 (35.09%) VMware
2 70 (24.56%) Microsoft
3 36 (12.63%) Oracle
4 34 (11.93%) Dell
5 31 (10.88%) Cisco
6 22 (7.72%) HP
7 18 (6.32%) F5
8 16 (5.61%) Citrix
9 14 (4.91%) Google
9 14 (4.91%) Red Hat
9 14 (4.91%) SAP
10 12 (4.21%) CheckPoint
11 11 (3.86%) NetApp
11 11 (3.86%) ServiceNow
12 10 (3.51%) ArcSight
12 10 (3.51%) Ericsson
12 10 (3.51%) Informatica
13 9 (3.16%) Nimble Storage
14 7 (2.46%) Lumension
15 6 (2.11%) Vertica