Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 554 528 520
Rank change year-on-year -26 -8 -5
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 729 356 409
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.53% 0.44% 0.47%
As % of the System Software category 2.95% 2.32% 2.70%
Number of salaries quoted 290 273 305
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £38,000 £35,750 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year -9.09% +4.76% -4.55%
75th Percentile £77,500 £67,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £84,000 £77,500 £86,250
UK median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year -4.76% - -4.55%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 24,698 15,322 15,173
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 18.03% 19.00% 17.47%
Number of salaries quoted 13,863 12,145 12,564
10th Percentile £27,750 £30,000 £27,000
25th Percentile £38,675 £40,000 £36,719
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -88 325 £67,500 +3.85% 35
South East -40 141 £48,750 -16.66% 22
North of England -86 86 £45,000 +12.50% 22
East of England -29 67 £50,000 +12.36% 10
Midlands -53 67 £30,500 -32.22% 7
North West -72 43 £45,000 +18.42% 8
Yorkshire -48 39 £45,000 -9.09% 9
West Midlands -50 34 £41,000 -33.06% 7
East Midlands -27 33 £25,000 -13.04%
South West -6 32 £47,000 +34.29% 4
North East -17 3 £60,000 +90.48% 5
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 371 (50.89%) Azure
2 337 (46.23%) Windows
3 298 (40.88%) Kubernetes
4 288 (39.51%) Linux
5 280 (38.41%) Docker
6 266 (36.49%) DevOps
7 261 (35.80%) Finance
8 237 (32.51%) AWS
9 229 (31.41%) Python
10 218 (29.90%) Firewall
11 215 (29.49%) Ansible
12 214 (29.36%) Terraform
13 208 (28.53%) CI/CD
14 206 (28.26%) Test Automation
15 203 (27.85%) Git (software)
16 195 (26.75%) Microsoft
17 181 (24.83%) Jenkins
18 177 (24.28%) Windows Server
18 177 (24.28%) Java
19 176 (24.14%) Agile
20 175 (24.01%) GCP
21 171 (23.46%) Puppet
22 170 (23.32%) Opscode Chef
23 160 (21.95%) SQL
24 133 (18.24%) VMware
25 132 (18.11%) Serverless
26 129 (17.70%) Active Directory
27 127 (17.42%) Splunk
28 124 (17.01%) Service Delivery
29 123 (16.87%) Disaster Recovery

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (15.91%) IIS
2 104 (14.27%) Tomcat
3 95 (13.03%) JBoss
4 45 (6.17%) Elasticsearch
5 29 (3.98%) SharePoint
6 24 (3.29%) MS Exchange
7 22 (3.02%) Apache
8 16 (2.19%) Cloud Foundry
9 15 (2.06%) Confluence
10 14 (1.92%) Ethereum
10 14 (1.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 13 (1.78%) GemFire
11 13 (1.78%) Oracle Workflow
11 13 (1.78%) WebLogic
11 13 (1.78%) WebLogic Portal
12 12 (1.65%) Skype for Business
13 9 (1.23%) Apache Pulsar
14 5 (0.69%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 5 (0.69%) OpenStack
15 4 (0.55%) Exchange Server 2003
Applications
1 22 (3.02%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.96%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (0.41%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.14%) Magento
2 1 (0.14%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 371 (50.89%) Azure
2 237 (32.51%) AWS
3 175 (24.01%) GCP
4 132 (18.11%) Serverless
5 104 (14.27%) AWS Lambda
6 101 (13.85%) Azure Stack
7 100 (13.72%) AWS CloudFormation
8 99 (13.58%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 99 (13.58%) OpenShift
9 96 (13.17%) AWS CodePipeline
10 95 (13.03%) Cloud Functions
11 81 (11.11%) Microsoft 365
12 58 (7.96%) IaaS
13 56 (7.68%) PaaS
14 52 (7.13%) Azure Active Directory
15 46 (6.31%) Snowflake
16 45 (6.17%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 36 (4.94%) Azure Monitor
18 30 (4.12%) Amazon Kinesis
19 28 (3.84%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 218 (29.90%) Firewall
2 100 (13.72%) Internet
3 74 (10.15%) DNS
4 54 (7.41%) Network Security
5 40 (5.49%) AMQP
5 40 (5.49%) MQTT
6 35 (4.80%) VPN
7 34 (4.66%) SAN
8 33 (4.53%) DHCP
9 26 (3.57%) TCP/IP
10 22 (3.02%) VLAN
11 17 (2.33%) Wireshark
12 16 (2.19%) WAN
13 13 (1.78%) Calico
13 13 (1.78%) SSL
14 12 (1.65%) Intrusion Detection
14 12 (1.65%) Skype
14 12 (1.65%) tcpdump
15 9 (1.23%) LAN
16 8 (1.10%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 99 (13.58%) SQL Server
2 43 (5.90%) NoSQL
3 38 (5.21%) PostgreSQL
4 31 (4.25%) Amazon Redshift
5 30 (4.12%) BigQuery
6 29 (3.98%) Big Data
7 23 (3.16%) Hadoop
7 23 (3.16%) Oracle Database
8 22 (3.02%) MySQL
9 21 (2.88%) Data Lake
10 20 (2.74%) Data Warehouse
11 17 (2.33%) Relational Database
12 16 (2.19%) Star Schema
13 14 (1.92%) Azure SQL Database
14 13 (1.78%) HBase
15 10 (1.37%) Redis
16 9 (1.23%) Aerospike
16 9 (1.23%) Apache Cassandra
16 9 (1.23%) Couchbase
16 9 (1.23%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 203 (27.85%) Git (software)
2 181 (24.83%) Jenkins
3 95 (13.03%) Subversion
4 45 (6.17%) Maven
5 34 (4.66%) GitLab
6 26 (3.57%) Visual Studio
7 25 (3.43%) Team Foundation Server
8 21 (2.88%) Selenium
9 20 (2.74%) JIRA
10 18 (2.47%) Cucumber
10 18 (2.47%) Sonatype Nexus
11 17 (2.33%) gulp
12 15 (2.06%) Jaeger
12 15 (2.06%) Protractor
13 14 (1.92%) Gradle
14 9 (1.23%) RStudio
14 9 (1.23%) Toad
15 8 (1.10%) Bitbucket
16 7 (0.96%) CircleCI
17 6 (0.82%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 261 (35.80%) Finance
2 113 (15.50%) Manufacturing
3 111 (15.23%) Social Skills
4 87 (11.93%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 75 (10.29%) Retail
6 57 (7.82%) Analytical Skills
7 53 (7.27%) Public Sector
8 50 (6.86%) Banking
9 27 (3.70%) Aerospace
10 25 (3.43%) Law
11 18 (2.47%) Marketing
12 14 (1.92%) Games
13 11 (1.51%) Presentation Skills
14 10 (1.37%) Pharmaceutical
14 10 (1.37%) Telecoms
15 8 (1.10%) Billing
16 6 (0.82%) Military
16 6 (0.82%) Organisational Skills
16 6 (0.82%) Publishing
17 5 (0.69%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 132 (18.11%) DevOps Engineer
2 101 (13.85%) Senior DevOps
3 100 (13.72%) Senior DevOps Engineer
4 66 (9.05%) Architect
5 52 (7.13%) Analyst
5 52 (7.13%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 45 (6.17%) Developer
7 39 (5.35%) Cloud Engineer
8 33 (4.53%) Administrator
9 30 (4.12%) Senior Manager
10 29 (3.98%) Site Engineer
10 29 (3.98%) Site Reliability Engineer
11 28 (3.84%) Software Engineer
11 28 (3.84%) Systems Engineer
12 27 (3.70%) Support Engineer
13 26 (3.57%) Engineering Manager
14 24 (3.29%) Azure Engineer
14 24 (3.29%) Solutions Architect
15 23 (3.16%) Performance Engineer
16 22 (3.02%) Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 112 (15.36%) Elastic Stack
2 67 (9.19%) Kafka
3 40 (5.49%) WebSockets
4 39 (5.35%) React
5 36 (4.94%) Node.js
6 35 (4.80%) .NET
7 32 (4.39%) JSON
8 28 (3.84%) Spring Boot
9 25 (3.43%) .NET Framework
10 23 (3.16%) Spring
11 19 (2.61%) AngularJS
12 16 (2.19%) Express
13 15 (2.06%) ARM Templates
13 15 (2.06%) OpenTelemetry
13 15 (2.06%) RabbitMQ
14 14 (1.92%) GraphQL
14 14 (1.92%) J2EE
14 14 (1.92%) Smart Contracts
15 13 (1.78%) Apache NiFi
15 13 (1.78%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 114 (15.64%) Linux Command Line
2 104 (14.27%) Life Science
3 69 (9.47%) Cloud Native
4 65 (8.92%) Self-Motivation
5 63 (8.64%) Algorithms
6 41 (5.62%) Data Centre
7 26 (3.57%) Mainframe
8 24 (3.29%) Cyber Defence
8 24 (3.29%) Legacy Code
9 23 (3.16%) Blockchain
10 22 (3.02%) Replication
11 21 (2.88%) Management Information System
12 20 (2.74%) Public Cloud
13 15 (2.06%) User Experience
14 14 (1.92%) Cyberattack
14 14 (1.92%) Smartphone
14 14 (1.92%) Social Media
15 13 (1.78%) Driving Licence
16 12 (1.65%) Client/Server
17 11 (1.51%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 337 (46.23%) Windows
2 288 (39.51%) Linux
3 177 (24.28%) Windows Server
4 57 (7.82%) Unix
5 46 (6.31%) VMS
6 40 (5.49%) Windows Server 2019
7 35 (4.80%) Windows Server 2008
8 26 (3.57%) zOS
9 23 (3.16%) Solaris
9 23 (3.16%) Windows 10
9 23 (3.16%) Windows Server 2012
10 19 (2.61%) Windows Server 2016
11 15 (2.06%) Ubuntu
12 13 (1.78%) Android
12 13 (1.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 13 (1.78%) Windows 7
13 7 (0.96%) Mac OS
14 5 (0.69%) Fedora
14 5 (0.69%) Mac OS X
15 4 (0.55%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 266 (36.49%) DevOps
2 208 (28.53%) CI/CD
3 206 (28.26%) Test Automation
4 176 (24.14%) Agile
5 124 (17.01%) Service Delivery
6 123 (16.87%) Disaster Recovery
7 120 (16.46%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 119 (16.32%) Service Design
9 118 (16.19%) High Availability
10 117 (16.05%) Business Continuity
11 115 (15.78%) Microservices
12 114 (15.64%) Coaching
13 110 (15.09%) Problem-Solving
14 108 (14.81%) Dependency Management
14 108 (14.81%) SDLC
15 101 (13.85%) Build Automation
15 101 (13.85%) Innovative Thinking
15 101 (13.85%) Strategic Thinking
16 99 (13.58%) Customer-Centricity
17 98 (13.44%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 229 (31.41%) Python
2 177 (24.28%) Java
3 160 (21.95%) SQL
4 100 (13.72%) Bash
5 97 (13.31%) PowerShell
6 63 (8.64%) JavaScript
7 48 (6.58%) C#
8 44 (6.04%) Groovy
9 36 (4.94%) C++
10 35 (4.80%) C
11 30 (4.12%) R
12 28 (3.84%) TypeScript
13 26 (3.57%) Assembly Language
13 26 (3.57%) COBOL
14 24 (3.29%) Ruby
14 24 (3.29%) Rust
15 20 (2.74%) Go
16 18 (2.47%) Scala
16 18 (2.47%) Shell Script
17 11 (1.51%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 78 (10.70%) Security Cleared
2 66 (9.05%) Degree
3 49 (6.72%) SC Cleared
4 29 (3.98%) ISEB
4 29 (3.98%) ISTQB
5 26 (3.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 24 (3.29%) DBS Check
7 18 (2.47%) Microsoft Certification
8 15 (2.06%) CCNA
8 15 (2.06%) Cisco Certification
9 13 (1.78%) OCP
9 13 (1.78%) Oracle Certification
10 12 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
11 10 (1.37%) CISSP
11 10 (1.37%) DV Cleared
12 9 (1.23%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 9 (1.23%) MCSE
13 8 (1.10%) PhD
14 7 (0.96%) TOGAF Certification
15 6 (0.82%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (4.39%) SLA
2 30 (4.12%) QA
3 5 (0.69%) NCSC
4 4 (0.55%) PMO
5 3 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.27%) Accessibility
6 2 (0.27%) Cyber Essentials
6 2 (0.27%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.14%) GDPR
System Software
1 280 (38.41%) Docker
2 129 (17.70%) Active Directory
3 123 (16.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (5.76%) Hyper-V
5 13 (1.78%) vSphere
6 9 (1.23%) Oracle Clusterware
6 9 (1.23%) Oracle RAC
6 9 (1.23%) Virtual Desktop
7 8 (1.10%) Firmware
7 8 (1.10%) LXC
8 7 (0.96%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.69%) Virtual Servers
10 4 (0.55%) NFS
11 3 (0.41%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 3 (0.41%) Samba
11 3 (0.41%) Shibboleth
11 3 (0.41%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.27%) BitLocker
12 2 (0.27%) Microsoft App-V
12 2 (0.27%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 298 (40.88%) Kubernetes
2 215 (29.49%) Ansible
3 214 (29.36%) Terraform
4 171 (23.46%) Puppet
5 170 (23.32%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (5.76%) Grafana
7 37 (5.08%) Prometheus
8 22 (3.02%) SCCM
9 21 (2.88%) Microsoft Intune
10 19 (2.61%) Kibana
11 15 (2.06%) Kiali
12 12 (1.65%) Graphite
13 11 (1.51%) WSUS
14 10 (1.37%) Docker Swarm
14 10 (1.37%) Nagios
15 9 (1.23%) HAProxy
15 9 (1.23%) NetBackup
15 9 (1.23%) Oracle RMAN
15 9 (1.23%) Oracle ZFS
15 9 (1.23%) Salt
Vendors
1 195 (26.75%) Microsoft
2 133 (18.24%) VMware
3 127 (17.42%) Splunk
4 61 (8.37%) Oracle
5 31 (4.25%) Cisco
5 31 (4.25%) IBM
6 29 (3.98%) Google
7 27 (3.70%) Citrix
8 24 (3.29%) NEC
8 24 (3.29%) Northgate
9 21 (2.88%) ServiceNow
10 18 (2.47%) Dell
10 18 (2.47%) QinetiQ
11 17 (2.33%) AppDynamics
11 17 (2.33%) Red Hat
12 14 (1.92%) SAP
12 14 (1.92%) Sophos
13 13 (1.78%) SolarWinds
14 9 (1.23%) Commvault
15 8 (1.10%) Adobe