Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 482 545 570
Rank change year-on-year +63 +25 +61
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 894 791 830
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.58% 0.48% 0.46%
As % of the System Software category 3.87% 3.67% 3.68%
Number of salaries quoted 730 636 660
England median annual salary £55,000 £48,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +14.58% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £28,500 £27,500 £28,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £78,750 £73,875
UK median annual salary £52,500 £47,750 £45,000
% change year-on-year +9.95% +6.11% -

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 23,092 21,534 22,573
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 15.07% 13.13% 12.48%
Number of salaries quoted 18,928 18,247 19,137
England median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £25,000 £24,000 £23,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% +6.25%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +40 394 £65,000 +13.04% 37
North of England +79 174 £45,000 +16.88% 29
South East +32 165 £40,000 -11.11% 39
North West +84 134 £47,000 +9.94% 19
East of England +33 67 £45,000 - 16
Midlands +10 58 £48,750 +12.72% 11
West Midlands +38 49 £52,500 - 9
Yorkshire +36 39 £37,500 +15.38% 9
South West -4 34 £45,000 +5.88% 13
East Midlands -20 9 £38,500 +10.00% 2
North East -29 1 £42,500 +7.56% 1
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 469 (52.46%) Windows
2 416 (46.53%) Linux
3 387 (43.29%) Microsoft Azure
4 337 (37.70%) SQL
5 281 (31.43%) Active Directory
5 281 (31.43%) Amazon AWS
6 267 (29.87%) Microsoft
7 266 (29.75%) Git (software)
8 255 (28.52%) DevOps
9 223 (24.94%) VMware
10 218 (24.38%) Agile Software Development
11 212 (23.71%) VMware Infrastructure
12 183 (20.47%) Amazon EC2
13 171 (19.13%) Windows Server
14 163 (18.23%) Amazon S3
15 156 (17.45%) Jenkins
15 156 (17.45%) Python
16 149 (16.67%) Ansible
16 149 (16.67%) Hyper-V
17 137 (15.32%) PowerShell
18 136 (15.21%) SQL Server
19 133 (14.88%) Infrastructure Engineering
20 132 (14.77%) Firewall
20 132 (14.77%) JIRA
21 131 (14.65%) Finance
22 129 (14.43%) Docker
23 126 (14.09%) Azure Active Directory
24 125 (13.98%) Puppet
25 123 (13.76%) MySQL
26 119 (13.31%) AWS CloudFormation

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (12.08%) IIS
2 99 (11.07%) Confluence
3 60 (6.71%) Ethereum
4 59 (6.60%) SharePoint
5 57 (6.38%) MS Exchange
6 35 (3.91%) Apache Spark
7 32 (3.58%) Elasticsearch
8 31 (3.47%) WebLogic
9 25 (2.80%) Exchange Server 2013
10 23 (2.57%) Apache
11 21 (2.35%) MQSeries
12 20 (2.24%) Skype for Business
13 18 (2.01%) Exchange Server 2007
14 17 (1.90%) Tomcat
15 16 (1.79%) Apache Solr
16 15 (1.68%) Cloud Foundry
16 15 (1.68%) nginx
17 12 (1.34%) Exchange Server 2010
18 11 (1.23%) Apache Pig
19 10 (1.12%) Mule
Applications
1 34 (3.80%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (1.34%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.34%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.11%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 21 (2.35%) Distributed Ledger
2 18 (2.01%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.78%) Sage 200
4 5 (0.56%) Remedy ITSM
5 4 (0.45%) C-CURE
6 3 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.34%) SAP ERP
6 3 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.22%) Magento
8 1 (0.11%) Elite 3E
8 1 (0.11%) Lorenzo
8 1 (0.11%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 387 (43.29%) Microsoft Azure
2 281 (31.43%) Amazon AWS
3 183 (20.47%) Amazon EC2
4 163 (18.23%) Amazon S3
5 126 (14.09%) Azure Active Directory
6 119 (13.31%) AWS CloudFormation
7 118 (13.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 105 (11.74%) Office 365
9 102 (11.41%) GitHub
10 94 (10.51%) Amazon SQS
11 87 (9.73%) Cloud Computing
12 66 (7.38%) IaaS
13 36 (4.03%) PaaS
14 31 (3.47%) Serverless
15 24 (2.68%) SaaS
16 21 (2.35%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 20 (2.24%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
18 17 (1.90%) Google Cloud Platform
19 16 (1.79%) Azure Data Factory
20 12 (1.34%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 132 (14.77%) Firewall
2 115 (12.86%) SAN
3 94 (10.51%) DNS
4 67 (7.49%) WAN
5 62 (6.94%) LAN
6 61 (6.82%) TCP/IP
7 59 (6.60%) DHCP
8 50 (5.59%) VPN
9 34 (3.80%) NAS
10 26 (2.91%) VLAN
11 19 (2.13%) RTMP
11 19 (2.13%) RTSP
11 19 (2.13%) Skype
11 19 (2.13%) Wi-Fi
12 17 (1.90%) VoIP
13 16 (1.79%) BGP
13 16 (1.79%) SSL
13 16 (1.79%) Wireless
14 13 (1.45%) Cisco ASA
14 13 (1.45%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 136 (15.21%) SQL Server
2 123 (13.76%) MySQL
3 114 (12.75%) Amazon RDS
4 97 (10.85%) NoSQL
5 73 (8.17%) PostgreSQL
6 67 (7.49%) Blockchain
7 65 (7.27%) Redis
8 54 (6.04%) Relational Database
9 49 (5.48%) Big Data
10 47 (5.26%) Azure SQL Database
11 34 (3.80%) Hadoop
12 30 (3.36%) MongoDB
13 29 (3.24%) Apache Hive
14 26 (2.91%) Data Lake
15 24 (2.68%) HBase
15 24 (2.68%) Power BI
16 23 (2.57%) SQL Server 2008
17 21 (2.35%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 20 (2.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 17 (1.90%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 266 (29.75%) Git (software)
2 156 (17.45%) Jenkins
3 132 (14.77%) JIRA
4 107 (11.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 98 (10.96%) TeamCity
6 96 (10.74%) Octopus Deploy
7 45 (5.03%) Visual Studio
8 42 (4.70%) Mocha
9 22 (2.46%) Vagrant
10 20 (2.24%) Visual Studio Team System
11 19 (2.13%) GitLab
11 19 (2.13%) Team Foundation Server
12 18 (2.01%) Mercurial
13 17 (1.90%) Maven
14 15 (1.68%) Eclipse
14 15 (1.68%) JUnit
15 14 (1.57%) Subversion
15 14 (1.57%) Travis CI
16 13 (1.45%) Mockito
16 13 (1.45%) Selenium
General
1 131 (14.65%) Finance
2 110 (12.30%) Banking
3 80 (8.95%) Telecoms
4 31 (3.47%) Investment Banking
5 27 (3.02%) Retail
6 19 (2.13%) Marketing
7 15 (1.68%) Manufacturing
8 11 (1.23%) Law
9 8 (0.89%) Japanese Language
10 7 (0.78%) Back Office
11 6 (0.67%) Games
12 5 (0.56%) Advertising
13 3 (0.34%) German Language
13 3 (0.34%) Spanish Language
14 2 (0.22%) Automotive
14 2 (0.22%) Military
15 1 (0.11%) Electronics
15 1 (0.11%) Legal
15 1 (0.11%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.11%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 152 (17.00%) DevOps Engineer
2 139 (15.55%) Developer
3 112 (12.53%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 84 (9.40%) Administrator
5 61 (6.82%) Systems Administrator
6 59 (6.60%) Blockchain Developer
7 56 (6.26%) IT Support
8 55 (6.15%) Analyst
9 53 (5.93%) Architect
10 44 (4.92%) Support Engineer
11 43 (4.81%) Senior Developer
12 42 (4.70%) Linux Administrator
13 41 (4.59%) DevOps Manager
13 41 (4.59%) Linux Systems Administrator
14 40 (4.47%) IT Engineer
15 39 (4.36%) Backend Developer
15 39 (4.36%) Node.js Developer
16 36 (4.03%) Consultant
17 32 (3.58%) Solutions Architect
18 29 (3.24%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 86 (9.62%) Node.js
2 72 (8.05%) HTML
3 68 (7.61%) CSS
3 68 (7.61%) Web Services
4 60 (6.71%) Smart Contracts
4 60 (6.71%) Truffle
4 60 (6.71%) web3js
5 57 (6.38%) .NET
6 51 (5.70%) RESTful
7 44 (4.92%) React
8 42 (4.70%) Chai
8 42 (4.70%) HTML5
9 41 (4.59%) Enzyme
9 41 (4.59%) Jest
10 31 (3.47%) CSS3
10 31 (3.47%) REST
11 25 (2.80%) Middleware
12 24 (2.68%) LAMP
13 21 (2.35%) LDAP
14 20 (2.24%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 108 (12.08%) Private Cloud
2 70 (7.83%) Data Centre
3 60 (6.71%) Bitcoin
4 50 (5.59%) Analytical Skills
5 44 (4.92%) Self-Motivation
6 43 (4.81%) Replication
7 42 (4.70%) Computer Science
8 32 (3.58%) Fintech
8 32 (3.58%) Public Cloud
9 29 (3.24%) Data Protection Act
10 21 (2.35%) Enterprise Software
11 20 (2.24%) Video\Live Streaming
12 19 (2.13%) Hybrid Cloud
13 17 (1.90%) User Experience
14 16 (1.79%) EMC VNX
15 15 (1.68%) Greenfield Project
16 14 (1.57%) Management Information System
17 13 (1.45%) Clustering
17 13 (1.45%) PKI
18 12 (1.34%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 469 (52.46%) Windows
2 416 (46.53%) Linux
3 171 (19.13%) Windows Server
4 72 (8.05%) Windows Server 2008
5 69 (7.72%) Unix
6 64 (7.16%) Windows Server 2012
7 56 (6.26%) VMS
8 38 (4.25%) CentOS
8 38 (4.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 32 (3.58%) Debian
10 31 (3.47%) Ubuntu
11 23 (2.57%) Windows 10
12 22 (2.46%) Windows 7
13 16 (1.79%) Solaris
14 14 (1.57%) Windows Server 2003
15 12 (1.34%) Android
16 10 (1.12%) DC/OS
16 10 (1.12%) FreeNAS
16 10 (1.12%) Windows 2000 Server
17 9 (1.01%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 255 (28.52%) DevOps
2 218 (24.38%) Agile Software Development
3 133 (14.88%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 113 (12.64%) Configuration Management
5 111 (12.42%) Business Intelligence
6 107 (11.97%) Problem-Solving
7 101 (11.30%) Network Virtualisation
8 97 (10.85%) Test Automation
9 89 (9.96%) ITIL
10 85 (9.51%) Continuous Integration
11 65 (7.27%) API Development
12 64 (7.16%) Service Management
13 63 (7.05%) Cybersecurity
14 62 (6.94%) Front End Development
15 60 (6.71%) API Design
16 59 (6.60%) Deployment Automation
17 57 (6.38%) Open Source
18 51 (5.70%) Disaster Recovery
19 50 (5.59%) Project Management
20 48 (5.37%) Identity Management
Programming Languages
1 337 (37.70%) SQL
2 156 (17.45%) Python
3 137 (15.32%) PowerShell
4 116 (12.98%) Java
5 104 (11.63%) JavaScript
6 73 (8.17%) Bash Shell
7 67 (7.49%) Ruby
8 60 (6.71%) ES6
8 60 (6.71%) Solidity
9 55 (6.15%) C#
10 40 (4.47%) T-SQL
11 38 (4.25%) C++
12 36 (4.03%) C
13 31 (3.47%) Scala
14 26 (2.91%) Elixir
15 24 (2.68%) Perl
16 23 (2.57%) Go
16 23 (2.57%) Shell Script
17 20 (2.24%) Lua
17 20 (2.24%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 74 (8.28%) Degree
2 47 (5.26%) Microsoft Certification
3 41 (4.59%) Security Cleared
4 35 (3.91%) MCSE
5 30 (3.36%) CompTIA Security+
6 29 (3.24%) CISMP
6 29 (3.24%) CISSP
6 29 (3.24%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 23 (2.57%) DV Cleared
8 22 (2.46%) Cisco Certification
9 20 (2.24%) CCNA
9 20 (2.24%) Computer Science Degree
10 16 (1.79%) SC Cleared
11 15 (1.68%) AWS Certification
12 13 (1.45%) EMC Certification
13 9 (1.01%) CCNP
13 9 (1.01%) HNC
13 9 (1.01%) MCSA
14 8 (0.89%) ISEB
15 7 (0.78%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (6.15%) SLA
2 47 (5.26%) QA
3 34 (3.80%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 29 (3.24%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 7 (0.78%) GDPR
6 3 (0.34%) COBIT
6 3 (0.34%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.34%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.11%) GAMP
8 1 (0.11%) HL7
8 1 (0.11%) ISO 15765
8 1 (0.11%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 281 (31.43%) Active Directory
2 212 (23.71%) VMware Infrastructure
3 149 (16.67%) Hyper-V
4 129 (14.43%) Docker
5 42 (4.70%) Virtual Servers
6 41 (4.59%) vSphere
7 38 (4.25%) VMware ESXi
8 25 (2.80%) XenApp
9 24 (2.68%) HDFS
10 21 (2.35%) VirtualBox
11 17 (1.90%) Apache Flume
12 13 (1.45%) NFS
13 12 (1.34%) Terminal Services
14 11 (1.23%) iptables
15 9 (1.01%) XenDesktop
16 8 (0.89%) Oracle RAC
16 8 (0.89%) Virtual Desktop
17 7 (0.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 7 (0.78%) Firmware
17 7 (0.78%) KVM
Systems Management
1 149 (16.67%) Ansible
2 125 (13.98%) Puppet
3 99 (11.07%) Kubernetes
4 54 (6.04%) Opscode Chef
5 53 (5.93%) Docker Swarm
6 43 (4.81%) SCCM
7 40 (4.47%) Terraform
8 37 (4.14%) SCVMM
9 25 (2.80%) Nagios
9 25 (2.80%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 22 (2.46%) Kibana
11 21 (2.35%) WSUS
11 21 (2.35%) ZABBIX
12 18 (2.01%) Cisco CUCM
13 16 (1.79%) EMC VPLEX
13 16 (1.79%) vRealize
14 15 (1.68%) vMotion
15 14 (1.57%) Oozie
16 13 (1.45%) NetBackup
17 12 (1.34%) Packer
Vendors
1 267 (29.87%) Microsoft
2 223 (24.94%) VMware
3 116 (12.98%) Oracle
4 112 (12.53%) New Relic
5 87 (9.73%) Trend Micro
6 70 (7.83%) Cisco
7 56 (6.26%) Red Hat
8 48 (5.37%) Citrix
9 38 (4.25%) EMC
10 37 (4.14%) HP
11 32 (3.58%) Google
12 31 (3.47%) IBM
13 26 (2.91%) Veeam
14 24 (2.68%) Brocade
15 23 (2.57%) Atlassian
16 22 (2.46%) SAP
17 18 (2.01%) Tableau
18 16 (1.79%) CommVault
18 16 (1.79%) Symantec
19 15 (1.68%) NetApp