Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 534 516 512
Rank change year-on-year -18 -4 +10
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 306 505 745
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.41% 0.48% 0.54%
As % of the System Software category 2.17% 2.79% 3.29%
Number of salaries quoted 246 378 592
10th Percentile £30,625 £31,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £35,750 £41,250 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
75th Percentile £66,250 £70,938 £72,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £86,625 £80,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% -

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 14,069 18,096 22,630
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 19.03% 17.23% 16.40%
Number of salaries quoted 11,579 15,021 18,566
10th Percentile £30,000 £26,250 £26,000
25th Percentile £40,000 £35,500 £34,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £75,000 £71,250 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,263 £87,500 £83,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +32 101 £64,000 -5.19% 25
South East +34 76 £58,492 +6.35% 19
North of England +27 63 £38,000 -15.56% 15
Midlands +12 45 £45,000 -10.00% 13
Yorkshire -2 33 £49,500 -10.00% 4
North West +26 27 £38,000 -10.59% 9
East Midlands +1 23 £32,500 -33.33% 5
West Midlands +19 21 £61,250 +11.36% 8
South West +12 14 £36,250 -3.33% 11
East of England +51 6 £44,500 -1.11% 5
North East +15 3 £31,500 -36.34% 2
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 173 (56.54%) Azure
2 145 (47.39%) Microsoft
3 143 (46.73%) Active Directory
4 138 (45.10%) Windows
5 111 (36.27%) Linux
6 108 (35.29%) DevOps
7 105 (34.31%) Kubernetes
8 83 (27.12%) Ansible
9 81 (26.47%) Docker
10 80 (26.14%) AWS
10 80 (26.14%) PowerShell
11 79 (25.82%) IaaS
11 79 (25.82%) Azure Active Directory
12 78 (25.49%) Windows Server
13 76 (24.84%) VMware
14 72 (23.53%) Microsoft 365
14 72 (23.53%) PaaS
15 65 (21.24%) Firewall
16 61 (19.93%) Agile Software Development
16 61 (19.93%) Terraform
17 57 (18.63%) VMware Infrastructure
18 56 (18.30%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 54 (17.65%) Jenkins
20 53 (17.32%) Finance
20 53 (17.32%) SQL
20 53 (17.32%) Problem-Solving
21 52 (16.99%) Configuration Management
22 51 (16.67%) ITIL
23 49 (16.01%) Infrastructure as Code
24 48 (15.69%) Migration

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (10.13%) SharePoint
2 26 (8.50%) MS Exchange
3 20 (6.54%) Confluence
4 17 (5.56%) Elasticsearch
5 8 (2.61%) Exchange Server 2010
6 7 (2.29%) Apache
7 5 (1.63%) Cloud Foundry
7 5 (1.63%) GemFire
7 5 (1.63%) Skype for Business
8 4 (1.31%) IIS
8 4 (1.31%) OpenStack
9 2 (0.65%) Ethereum
9 2 (0.65%) Exchange Server 2013
9 2 (0.65%) nginx
10 1 (0.33%) Apache Spark
10 1 (0.33%) MS Project Server
10 1 (0.33%) OpenEdge
Applications
1 14 (4.58%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (1.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (1.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (1.31%) Photoshop
2 4 (1.31%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.98%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.65%) Quorum
Cloud Services
1 173 (56.54%) Azure
2 80 (26.14%) AWS
3 79 (25.82%) Azure Active Directory
3 79 (25.82%) IaaS
4 72 (23.53%) Microsoft 365
4 72 (23.53%) PaaS
5 30 (9.80%) SaaS
6 24 (7.84%) Azure Data Factory
7 23 (7.52%) Azure ExpressRoute
8 22 (7.19%) Serverless
9 14 (4.58%) Cloud Computing
10 13 (4.25%) AWS CloudFormation
11 11 (3.59%) GCP
11 11 (3.59%) Power Platform
12 9 (2.94%) OpenShift
13 7 (2.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 7 (2.29%) Pulumi
14 6 (1.96%) AWS Lambda
14 6 (1.96%) Google Play
14 6 (1.96%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 65 (21.24%) Firewall
2 39 (12.75%) DNS
3 27 (8.82%) Network Security
4 19 (6.21%) VPN
5 18 (5.88%) VLAN
5 18 (5.88%) VoIP
6 17 (5.56%) DMZ
7 16 (5.23%) TCP/IP
8 12 (3.92%) DHCP
9 11 (3.59%) NetScaler
10 10 (3.27%) SAN
11 9 (2.94%) WAN
12 8 (2.61%) LAN
12 8 (2.61%) SSH
13 7 (2.29%) BGP
13 7 (2.29%) Skype
14 5 (1.63%) Calico
14 5 (1.63%) Wi-Fi
15 4 (1.31%) IP Telephony
15 4 (1.31%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (10.46%) SQL Server
2 29 (9.48%) Azure SQL Database
3 16 (5.23%) MySQL
4 12 (3.92%) Amazon RDS
5 11 (3.59%) Big Data
6 10 (3.27%) Blockchain
7 7 (2.29%) PostgreSQL
8 6 (1.96%) Apache Cassandra
9 5 (1.63%) Data Warehouse
9 5 (1.63%) Geospatial Data
9 5 (1.63%) Power BI
9 5 (1.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 4 (1.31%) MongoDB
10 4 (1.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 2 (0.65%) Cosmos DB
11 2 (0.65%) NoSQL
11 2 (0.65%) Oracle Database
11 2 (0.65%) Oracle Database 11g
11 2 (0.65%) Redis
12 1 (0.33%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 54 (17.65%) Jenkins
2 47 (15.36%) Git (software)
3 26 (8.50%) Maven
4 23 (7.52%) Bitbucket
5 22 (7.19%) Gradle
5 22 (7.19%) JIRA
6 11 (3.59%) Artifactory
7 10 (3.27%) GitLab
8 8 (2.61%) SonarQube
9 7 (2.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 7 (2.29%) Selenium
10 6 (1.96%) Cucumber
11 5 (1.63%) gulp
11 5 (1.63%) Protractor
11 5 (1.63%) Sonatype Nexus
11 5 (1.63%) Visual Studio
12 4 (1.31%) Postman
13 3 (0.98%) Subversion
14 2 (0.65%) Octopus Deploy
14 2 (0.65%) TeamCity
General
1 53 (17.32%) Finance
2 17 (5.56%) Billing
3 15 (4.90%) Banking
4 12 (3.92%) Law
5 11 (3.59%) Back Office
6 8 (2.61%) Front Office
6 8 (2.61%) Public Sector
7 7 (2.29%) Games
7 7 (2.29%) Investment Banking
8 5 (1.63%) Legal
8 5 (1.63%) Retail
9 4 (1.31%) Automotive
9 4 (1.31%) Local Government
10 3 (0.98%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.98%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.65%) Housing Association
12 1 (0.33%) iGaming
12 1 (0.33%) Military
12 1 (0.33%) Police
Job Titles
1 54 (17.65%) DevOps Engineer
2 48 (15.69%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 40 (13.07%) Azure Engineer
4 38 (12.42%) Support Engineer
5 34 (11.11%) Analyst
6 23 (7.52%) Cloud Engineer
7 22 (7.19%) IT Support
7 22 (7.19%) Senior DevOps
7 22 (7.19%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 20 (6.54%) Developer
9 19 (6.21%) IT Analyst
9 19 (6.21%) Kubernetes Engineer
10 17 (5.56%) Support Analyst
11 16 (5.23%) Architect
12 15 (4.90%) IT Engineer
13 14 (4.58%) Platform Engineer
13 14 (4.58%) Systems Administrator
14 13 (4.25%) Infrastructure Support
14 13 (4.25%) Senior Cloud Engineer
15 12 (3.92%) IT Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (8.50%) Elastic Stack
2 23 (7.52%) Kafka
3 14 (4.58%) Spring
4 12 (3.92%) COM
5 10 (3.27%) .NET
5 10 (3.27%) REST
5 10 (3.27%) SOAP
6 9 (2.94%) AngularJS
7 8 (2.61%) Node.js
8 7 (2.29%) JSON
8 7 (2.29%) Lambda Expressions
8 7 (2.29%) RESTful
9 6 (1.96%) ActiveMQ
9 6 (1.96%) Loki
9 6 (1.96%) Web Services
10 5 (1.63%) J2EE
10 5 (1.63%) Laravel
10 5 (1.63%) PostGIS
10 5 (1.63%) RabbitMQ
10 5 (1.63%) Spring Integration
Miscellaneous
1 37 (12.09%) Data Centre
2 25 (8.17%) Cloud Native
3 22 (7.19%) Analytical Skills
4 19 (6.21%) Public Cloud
5 17 (5.56%) Self-Motivation
6 13 (4.25%) Hybrid Cloud
6 13 (4.25%) Linux Command Line
7 10 (3.27%) Clustering
7 10 (3.27%) Driving Licence
7 10 (3.27%) Private Cloud
8 8 (2.61%) Derivative
8 8 (2.61%) Greenfield Project
8 8 (2.61%) Video Conferencing
8 8 (2.61%) Video\Live Streaming
9 7 (2.29%) Management Information System
9 7 (2.29%) Market Risk
10 6 (1.96%) Smartphone
11 5 (1.63%) Enterprise Storage
11 5 (1.63%) Equity Derivative
12 4 (1.31%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 138 (45.10%) Windows
2 111 (36.27%) Linux
3 78 (25.49%) Windows Server
4 40 (13.07%) Windows 10
5 30 (9.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 30 (9.80%) Windows Server 2016
6 25 (8.17%) Windows Server 2008
7 22 (7.19%) Windows Server 2019
8 21 (6.86%) Android
9 18 (5.88%) Windows Server 2012
10 17 (5.56%) Unix
11 14 (4.58%) Apple iOS
11 14 (4.58%) Windows 7
12 9 (2.94%) VMS
13 7 (2.29%) SUSE
14 6 (1.96%) Debian
14 6 (1.96%) Ubuntu
15 5 (1.63%) CentOS
15 5 (1.63%) Windows Server 2003
16 4 (1.31%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 108 (35.29%) DevOps
2 61 (19.93%) Agile Software Development
3 56 (18.30%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 53 (17.32%) Problem-Solving
5 52 (16.99%) Configuration Management
6 51 (16.67%) ITIL
7 49 (16.01%) Infrastructure as Code
8 48 (15.69%) Migration
9 37 (12.09%) Mentoring
10 34 (11.11%) Network Virtualisation
11 21 (6.86%) Scrum
12 20 (6.54%) Analytics
12 20 (6.54%) Collaborative Working
12 20 (6.54%) Fintech
13 19 (6.21%) Identity Management
13 19 (6.21%) Technical Leadership
14 17 (5.56%) Identity Access Management
15 16 (5.23%) Feasibility Study
16 15 (4.90%) Continuous Improvement
16 15 (4.90%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 80 (26.14%) PowerShell
2 53 (17.32%) SQL
3 44 (14.38%) Python
4 29 (9.48%) Java
5 25 (8.17%) Bash Shell
6 11 (3.59%) Clojure
6 11 (3.59%) JavaScript
7 7 (2.29%) C
7 7 (2.29%) Ruby
8 6 (1.96%) C#
8 6 (1.96%) PHP
9 5 (1.63%) Go
10 4 (1.31%) VB
11 3 (0.98%) VBScript
12 2 (0.65%) C++
12 2 (0.65%) Perl
12 2 (0.65%) Shell Script
13 1 (0.33%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 32 (10.46%) Security Cleared
2 29 (9.48%) Degree
3 20 (6.54%) SC Cleared
4 18 (5.88%) Microsoft Certification
5 9 (2.94%) Citrix Certification
6 8 (2.61%) RHCE
6 8 (2.61%) RHCSA
7 7 (2.29%) MCSE
8 6 (1.96%) Cisco Certification
8 6 (1.96%) CISSP
8 6 (1.96%) Computer Science Degree
8 6 (1.96%) DV Cleared
9 5 (1.63%) CISA
9 5 (1.63%) MCSA
9 5 (1.63%) OCP
9 5 (1.63%) Oracle Certification
10 4 (1.31%) CCNA
10 4 (1.31%) CCNP
10 4 (1.31%) CISM
10 4 (1.31%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (7.19%) SLA
2 7 (2.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (1.63%) GDPR
4 4 (1.31%) COBIT
4 4 (1.31%) NIST
5 3 (0.98%) COSHH
5 3 (0.98%) QA
6 2 (0.65%) SOC 2
7 1 (0.33%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.33%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 143 (46.73%) Active Directory
2 81 (26.47%) Docker
3 57 (18.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 35 (11.44%) Hyper-V
5 19 (6.21%) VMware ESXi
6 11 (3.59%) vSphere
6 11 (3.59%) XenApp
7 10 (3.27%) Virtual Desktop
7 10 (3.27%) Virtual Servers
7 10 (3.27%) XenDesktop
8 6 (1.96%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 5 (1.63%) KVM
10 4 (1.31%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 4 (1.31%) Firmware
10 4 (1.31%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.65%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (0.65%) Terminal Services
11 2 (0.65%) VMware Server
12 1 (0.33%) NFS
12 1 (0.33%) Snort
Systems Management
1 105 (34.31%) Kubernetes
2 83 (27.12%) Ansible
3 61 (19.93%) Terraform
4 31 (10.13%) Puppet
5 24 (7.84%) Grafana
6 23 (7.52%) SCCM
7 22 (7.19%) Opscode Chef
8 21 (6.86%) Prometheus
9 13 (4.25%) Consul
9 13 (4.25%) Graphite
9 13 (4.25%) Opsview
9 13 (4.25%) Packer
10 10 (3.27%) WSUS
11 9 (2.94%) Failover Clustering
12 8 (2.61%) Microsoft Intune
13 7 (2.29%) XenMobile
14 6 (1.96%) Kibana
14 6 (1.96%) PaperCut
14 6 (1.96%) SCOM
14 6 (1.96%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 145 (47.39%) Microsoft
2 76 (24.84%) VMware
3 24 (7.84%) Citrix
3 24 (7.84%) Red Hat
4 23 (7.52%) Cisco
5 18 (5.88%) Oracle
6 17 (5.56%) Dell
6 17 (5.56%) HP
6 17 (5.56%) SolarWinds
7 14 (4.58%) Google
8 12 (3.92%) SonicWALL
9 11 (3.59%) Draytek
9 11 (3.59%) Veeam
10 10 (3.27%) ServiceNow
11 9 (2.94%) BMC
11 9 (2.94%) Splunk
12 8 (2.61%) EMC
12 8 (2.61%) NetApp
13 6 (1.96%) Avaya
13 6 (1.96%) Databricks