Period
to 20 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 20 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 513 491 558
Rank change year-on-year -22 +67 +6
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 693 921 793
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.53% 0.58% 0.48%
As % of the System Software category 3.03% 3.95% 3.75%
Number of salaries quoted 470 746 642
England median annual salary £50,000 £55,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -9.09% +14.58% +1.05%
10th Percentile £30,000 £30,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £90,000 £78,725
UK median annual salary £50,000 £55,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year -9.09% +14.58% +6.67%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 22,906 23,317 21,151
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 17.48% 14.77% 12.79%
Number of salaries quoted 18,799 18,933 17,936
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £25,750 £25,000 £24,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £81,250 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 20 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -104 231 £60,000 -7.69% 31
South East +36 160 £54,000 +28.57% 24
North of England -22 118 £43,000 -8.51% 28
Midlands +60 100 £47,500 - 22
North West -8 76 £43,000 -14.00% 17
West Midlands +31 65 £62,500 +31.58% 13
East of England +72 46 £25,750 -41.14% 13
South West +27 39 £44,500 -2.20% 7
East Midlands +48 35 £47,500 - 9
Yorkshire -17 32 £50,000 +17.65% 10
North East +29 10 £46,250 +8.82% 1
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 20 August 2019, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 373 (53.82%) Windows
2 260 (37.52%) Linux
2 260 (37.52%) VMware
3 251 (36.22%) Microsoft Azure
4 242 (34.92%) Microsoft
5 239 (34.49%) VMware Infrastructure
6 205 (29.58%) Active Directory
7 178 (25.69%) Hyper-V
8 175 (25.25%) DevOps
9 172 (24.82%) Amazon AWS
10 164 (23.67%) Windows Server
11 134 (19.34%) SQL
11 134 (19.34%) Agile Software Development
12 133 (19.19%) Problem-Solving
13 130 (18.76%) PowerShell
14 120 (17.32%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 117 (16.88%) Office 365
16 114 (16.45%) Git (software)
16 114 (16.45%) Firewall
17 113 (16.31%) DNS
18 112 (16.16%) Degree
19 108 (15.58%) Python
20 105 (15.15%) ITIL
21 102 (14.72%) Data Centre
22 101 (14.57%) Jenkins
23 97 (14.00%) Cisco
24 95 (13.71%) Puppet
25 91 (13.13%) IaaS
26 90 (12.99%) SharePoint
27 85 (12.27%) Java

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (12.99%) SharePoint
2 48 (6.93%) Skype for Business
3 36 (5.19%) Apache
4 35 (5.05%) Tomcat
5 34 (4.91%) CMS
6 32 (4.62%) IIS
6 32 (4.62%) MS Exchange
7 26 (3.75%) Confluence
7 26 (3.75%) nginx
8 13 (1.88%) OpenStack
8 13 (1.88%) WebSphere
9 12 (1.73%) SharePoint 2013
10 10 (1.44%) Cloud Foundry
11 9 (1.30%) WordPress
12 8 (1.15%) Apache Solr
12 8 (1.15%) Exchange Server 2013
13 7 (1.01%) Drupal
13 7 (1.01%) Exchange Server 2010
14 3 (0.43%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 3 (0.43%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 41 (5.92%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (2.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (1.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.14%) Doxygen
5 1 (0.14%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 6 (0.87%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 4 (0.58%) Oracle 11i
2 4 (0.58%) Oracle Applications
2 4 (0.58%) Oracle EBS
2 4 (0.58%) Oracle EBS R12
3 2 (0.29%) Sage 200
4 1 (0.14%) SAP ECC
4 1 (0.14%) SAP MM
4 1 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 251 (36.22%) Microsoft Azure
2 172 (24.82%) Amazon AWS
3 117 (16.88%) Office 365
4 91 (13.13%) IaaS
5 74 (10.68%) PaaS
6 61 (8.80%) Azure Active Directory
7 47 (6.78%) SaaS
8 40 (5.77%) AWS CloudFormation
9 39 (5.63%) Google Cloud Platform
10 37 (5.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 26 (3.75%) Amazon EC2
11 26 (3.75%) Amazon S3
12 23 (3.32%) Serverless
13 21 (3.03%) Cloud Computing
14 18 (2.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 17 (2.45%) Amazon ECS
15 17 (2.45%) Power Platform
16 16 (2.31%) Azure Functions
17 13 (1.88%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 13 (1.88%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 114 (16.45%) Firewall
2 113 (16.31%) DNS
3 76 (10.97%) DHCP
4 74 (10.68%) SAN
5 52 (7.50%) VPN
6 46 (6.64%) WAN
7 45 (6.49%) TCP/IP
8 43 (6.20%) LAN
9 34 (4.91%) Network Security
10 28 (4.04%) Skype
11 23 (3.32%) NAS
12 22 (3.17%) VoIP
13 20 (2.89%) Unified Communications
14 18 (2.60%) Intrusion Detection
14 18 (2.60%) Telepresence
14 18 (2.60%) WebEx
15 14 (2.02%) SMTP
16 13 (1.88%) Remote Desktop
16 13 (1.88%) RTMP
16 13 (1.88%) RTSP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 71 (10.25%) SQL Server
2 37 (5.34%) Azure SQL Database
3 31 (4.47%) MySQL
4 25 (3.61%) Amazon RDS
5 17 (2.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 17 (2.45%) Power BI
6 16 (2.31%) Cosmos DB
6 16 (2.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 14 (2.02%) NoSQL
7 14 (2.02%) Oracle Database
8 12 (1.73%) Data Lake
9 10 (1.44%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 9 (1.30%) Relational Database
11 8 (1.15%) Big Data
11 8 (1.15%) HDInsight
11 8 (1.15%) PostgreSQL
12 7 (1.01%) Oracle Reports
12 7 (1.01%) SQL Server 2012
13 6 (0.87%) DB2
14 5 (0.72%) MS Access
Development Applications
1 114 (16.45%) Git (software)
2 101 (14.57%) Jenkins
3 63 (9.09%) JIRA
4 35 (5.05%) TeamCity
5 24 (3.46%) Gerrit
6 21 (3.03%) Visual Studio
7 20 (2.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 19 (2.74%) Vagrant
8 19 (2.74%) Visual Studio Team System
9 18 (2.60%) git-flow
9 18 (2.60%) RSpec
10 17 (2.45%) Octopus Deploy
11 15 (2.16%) JUnit
11 15 (2.16%) Maven
12 13 (1.88%) gulp
12 13 (1.88%) Mercurial
12 13 (1.88%) Travis CI
13 12 (1.73%) Gradle
14 10 (1.44%) GitLab
14 10 (1.44%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 69 (9.96%) Finance
2 18 (2.60%) Public Sector
3 17 (2.45%) Aerospace
3 17 (2.45%) Retail
4 11 (1.59%) Publishing
5 9 (1.30%) Marketing
5 9 (1.30%) Multimedia
6 6 (0.87%) Banking
6 6 (0.87%) Law
6 6 (0.87%) Manufacturing
7 5 (0.72%) Automotive
7 5 (0.72%) Local Government
7 5 (0.72%) Telecoms
8 4 (0.58%) Advertising
8 4 (0.58%) Military
9 3 (0.43%) Billing
9 3 (0.43%) Games
9 3 (0.43%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.29%) Electronics
10 2 (0.29%) Legal
Job Titles
1 108 (15.58%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 97 (14.00%) DevOps Engineer
3 63 (9.09%) Support Engineer
4 56 (8.08%) Systems Engineer
5 52 (7.50%) Architect
6 40 (5.77%) Administrator
7 39 (5.63%) Developer
8 37 (5.34%) Consultant
8 37 (5.34%) Systems Administrator
9 33 (4.76%) Analyst
10 31 (4.47%) 3rd Line Engineer
11 30 (4.33%) IT Support
12 28 (4.04%) Cybersecurity Engineer
12 28 (4.04%) IT Engineer
12 28 (4.04%) Security Engineer
12 28 (4.04%) Senior DevOps
12 28 (4.04%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 28 (4.04%) Windows Engineer
13 27 (3.90%) Cloud Architect
14 25 (3.61%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (7.07%) Web Services
2 31 (4.47%) .NET
3 28 (4.04%) Elastic Stack
4 24 (3.46%) JSON
5 20 (2.89%) AngularJS
5 20 (2.89%) OpenJDK
6 19 (2.74%) HTML
6 19 (2.74%) React
7 18 (2.60%) XMPP
8 14 (2.02%) LAMP
9 13 (1.88%) HTML5
9 13 (1.88%) SAML
10 11 (1.59%) LDAP
11 9 (1.30%) Middleware
11 9 (1.30%) RESTful
12 8 (1.15%) ASP.NET
13 7 (1.01%) XML
13 7 (1.01%) Zend Framework
14 5 (0.72%) SOAP
14 5 (0.72%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 102 (14.72%) Data Centre
2 77 (11.11%) Public Cloud
3 65 (9.38%) Self-Motivation
4 60 (8.66%) Management Information System
5 44 (6.35%) Analytical Skills
6 42 (6.06%) Private Cloud
7 32 (4.62%) Replication
8 25 (3.61%) Hybrid Cloud
9 23 (3.32%) Smartphone
9 23 (3.32%) Virtual Team
10 20 (2.89%) Clustering
11 19 (2.74%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 16 (2.31%) Linux Command Line
13 15 (2.16%) User Experience
14 14 (2.02%) Data Protection Act
15 13 (1.88%) Video\Live Streaming
16 12 (1.73%) CCTV
17 8 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
17 8 (1.15%) Life Science
17 8 (1.15%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 373 (53.82%) Windows
2 260 (37.52%) Linux
3 164 (23.67%) Windows Server
4 82 (11.83%) Windows Server 2012
5 68 (9.81%) Windows Server 2008
6 65 (9.38%) Ubuntu
7 60 (8.66%) Windows 10
8 54 (7.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 40 (5.77%) CentOS
10 34 (4.91%) Windows 7
11 29 (4.18%) Unix
12 27 (3.90%) SUSE
13 20 (2.89%) Debian
14 13 (1.88%) Solaris
15 12 (1.73%) VMS
16 11 (1.59%) Android
16 11 (1.59%) DC/OS
17 10 (1.44%) Apple iOS
17 10 (1.44%) Windows 8
18 9 (1.30%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 175 (25.25%) DevOps
2 134 (19.34%) Agile Software Development
3 133 (19.19%) Problem-Solving
4 120 (17.32%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 105 (15.15%) ITIL
6 67 (9.67%) Project Management
7 64 (9.24%) Open Source
8 62 (8.95%) Computer Science
8 62 (8.95%) Configuration Management
9 60 (8.66%) Presales
10 54 (7.79%) Test Automation
11 52 (7.50%) SDLC
12 51 (7.36%) Software Engineering
13 50 (7.22%) Continuous Integration
14 49 (7.07%) Migration
15 47 (6.78%) Cybersecurity
16 43 (6.20%) Disaster Recovery
17 42 (6.06%) Infrastructure as Code
18 41 (5.92%) Service Management
19 39 (5.63%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 134 (19.34%) SQL
2 130 (18.76%) PowerShell
3 108 (15.58%) Python
4 85 (12.27%) Java
5 60 (8.66%) C++
6 54 (7.79%) Bash Shell
7 49 (7.07%) C#
8 43 (6.20%) Ruby
9 29 (4.18%) Perl
10 28 (4.04%) C
11 23 (3.32%) Go
12 21 (3.03%) PHP
13 20 (2.89%) Shell Script
14 17 (2.45%) Groovy
15 16 (2.31%) JavaScript
16 13 (1.88%) Ada
17 12 (1.73%) T-SQL
18 10 (1.44%) VB
19 8 (1.15%) VBA
20 7 (1.01%) REXX
Qualifications
1 112 (16.16%) Degree
2 60 (8.66%) Microsoft Certification
3 52 (7.50%) Security Cleared
4 46 (6.64%) MCSE
5 35 (5.05%) Computer Science Degree
6 32 (4.62%) SC Cleared
7 15 (2.16%) MCSA
8 14 (2.02%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 13 (1.88%) DV Cleared
10 12 (1.73%) CCNA
10 12 (1.73%) Cisco Certification
10 12 (1.73%) Master's Degree
11 10 (1.44%) AWS Certification
11 10 (1.44%) ITIL Certification
12 7 (1.01%) RHCE
13 6 (0.87%) MCP
14 4 (0.58%) CCNP
14 4 (0.58%) CISSP
14 4 (0.58%) OCP
14 4 (0.58%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (6.49%) SLA
2 36 (5.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 32 (4.62%) QA
4 18 (2.60%) GDPR
5 11 (1.59%) COBIT
6 9 (1.30%) PCI DSS
7 7 (1.01%) Cyber Essentials
7 7 (1.01%) Data Quality
8 5 (0.72%) GAMP
9 3 (0.43%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.29%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.29%) NIST
10 2 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.29%) SSAE 16
11 1 (0.14%) HAZOP
11 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 15288
11 1 (0.14%) PMO
System Software
1 239 (34.49%) VMware Infrastructure
2 205 (29.58%) Active Directory
3 178 (25.69%) Hyper-V
4 74 (10.68%) Docker
5 71 (10.25%) VMware ESXi
6 59 (8.51%) vSphere
7 28 (4.04%) VirtualBox
8 16 (2.31%) Terminal Services
9 13 (1.88%) Xen
9 13 (1.88%) XenApp
10 9 (1.30%) Oracle RAC
10 9 (1.30%) Virtual Servers
10 9 (1.30%) XenDesktop
11 7 (1.01%) DFS Replication
11 7 (1.01%) iptables
11 7 (1.01%) Job Entry Subsystem
11 7 (1.01%) RACF
12 6 (0.87%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 6 (0.87%) KVM
12 6 (0.87%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 95 (13.71%) Puppet
2 82 (11.83%) Opscode Chef
3 81 (11.69%) Ansible
4 67 (9.67%) SCCM
5 58 (8.37%) Kubernetes
6 37 (5.34%) Terraform
7 30 (4.33%) SCVMM
8 28 (4.04%) Packer
9 23 (3.32%) HP Data Protector
10 20 (2.89%) FortiGate
11 19 (2.74%) Nagios
12 18 (2.60%) Cisco CUCM
12 18 (2.60%) Cisco UCCX
12 18 (2.60%) Consul
12 18 (2.60%) Icinga
12 18 (2.60%) Prometheus
12 18 (2.60%) Salt
12 18 (2.60%) SCOM
13 15 (2.16%) NetBackup
14 13 (1.88%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 260 (37.52%) VMware
2 242 (34.92%) Microsoft
3 97 (14.00%) Cisco
4 76 (10.97%) Oracle
5 48 (6.93%) Veeam
6 42 (6.06%) HP
7 40 (5.77%) Citrix
8 37 (5.34%) NetApp
9 36 (5.19%) Google
10 29 (4.18%) Red Hat
11 20 (2.89%) Juniper
12 18 (2.60%) New Relic
13 15 (2.16%) Dell
13 15 (2.16%) Symantec
14 14 (2.02%) Splunk
15 11 (1.59%) Atlassian
15 11 (1.59%) IBM
16 10 (1.44%) BMC
16 10 (1.44%) CA
16 10 (1.44%) CheckPoint