Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 571 476 507
Rank change year-on-year -95 +31 -6
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 497 205 662
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.45% 0.46% 0.52%
As % of the System Software category 2.47% 2.44% 3.02%
Number of salaries quoted 336 184 482
10th Percentile £30,000 £26,700 £28,050
25th Percentile £41,250 £33,750 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £45,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -14.29% -4.55%
75th Percentile £74,063 £67,500 £65,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £72,725
UK median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £51,000
% change year-on-year +10.53% -6.86% -2.86%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 20,115 8,389 21,950
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 18.23% 18.71% 17.39%
Number of salaries quoted 13,815 7,244 18,443
10th Percentile £28,250 £30,500 £25,500
25th Percentile £38,625 £40,000 £32,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -149 180 £70,000 +7.69% 49
South East -78 133 £52,500 +17.98% 23
North of England -84 72 £50,000 +33.33% 27
Midlands -104 49 £42,500 +30.77% 12
North West -55 42 £50,000 - 17
East of England -80 31 £37,875 +8.21% 12
Yorkshire -79 28 £40,000 +11.89% 9
West Midlands -103 28 £50,000 +47.06% 9
East Midlands -61 21 £30,000 -7.69% 3
South West -80 19 £52,500 +32.91% 19
North East -39 2 £52,500 +40.00% 1
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 259 (52.11%) Azure
2 255 (51.31%) Windows
3 216 (43.46%) Microsoft
4 182 (36.62%) DevOps
5 171 (34.41%) Active Directory
6 165 (33.20%) AWS
7 161 (32.39%) Linux
8 149 (29.98%) VMware
9 147 (29.58%) Python
10 130 (26.16%) Windows Server
11 124 (24.95%) Ansible
12 117 (23.54%) Kubernetes
13 116 (23.34%) PowerShell
14 114 (22.94%) VMware Infrastructure
15 113 (22.74%) Terraform
16 107 (21.53%) Firewall
17 99 (19.92%) Social Skills
18 94 (18.91%) Git (software)
18 94 (18.91%) Agile Software Development
19 91 (18.31%) Docker
20 90 (18.11%) Jenkins
21 85 (17.10%) PaaS
22 84 (16.90%) SQL
23 83 (16.70%) Finance
24 82 (16.50%) Problem-Solving
25 81 (16.30%) Migration
26 74 (14.89%) Microsoft 365
27 72 (14.49%) Java
28 70 (14.08%) IaaS
29 69 (13.88%) Degree

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (10.87%) Elasticsearch
2 52 (10.46%) MS Exchange
3 33 (6.64%) IIS
4 30 (6.04%) Cloud Foundry
4 30 (6.04%) GemFire
5 22 (4.43%) Apache
6 17 (3.42%) Exchange Server 2013
7 14 (2.82%) SharePoint
8 12 (2.41%) Confluence
9 8 (1.61%) OpenStack
10 7 (1.41%) nginx
11 3 (0.60%) Apache Pulsar
11 3 (0.60%) JBoss
12 2 (0.40%) Ethereum
12 2 (0.40%) Exchange Server 2003
12 2 (0.40%) Skype for Business
13 1 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
13 1 (0.20%) Tomcat
13 1 (0.20%) Umbraco
13 1 (0.20%) WebLogic
Applications
1 6 (1.21%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.20%) GIMP
2 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.20%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.20%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 3 (0.60%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.20%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 259 (52.11%) Azure
2 165 (33.20%) AWS
3 85 (17.10%) PaaS
4 74 (14.89%) Microsoft 365
5 70 (14.08%) IaaS
6 68 (13.68%) GCP
7 65 (13.08%) Azure Active Directory
8 44 (8.85%) GitHub
9 29 (5.84%) Serverless
10 22 (4.43%) SaaS
11 19 (3.82%) OpenShift
12 18 (3.62%) Azure Service Bus
13 17 (3.42%) Amazon EC2
13 17 (3.42%) AWS CloudFormation
14 13 (2.62%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 13 (2.62%) Azure Storage
15 11 (2.21%) Amazon ELB
16 10 (2.01%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 10 (2.01%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 9 (1.81%) Azure Key Vault
Communications & Networking
1 107 (21.53%) Firewall
2 54 (10.87%) VPN
3 33 (6.64%) DNS
4 30 (6.04%) Calico
5 29 (5.84%) HTTP
6 23 (4.63%) SAN
7 22 (4.43%) WAN
8 21 (4.23%) TCP/IP
8 21 (4.23%) Wireless
9 19 (3.82%) LAN
9 19 (3.82%) VoIP
10 15 (3.02%) DHCP
11 13 (2.62%) MPLS
11 13 (2.62%) Network Security
12 12 (2.41%) IP Telephony
12 12 (2.41%) SSL
13 10 (2.01%) Intranet
13 10 (2.01%) NetScaler
14 9 (1.81%) BGP
15 8 (1.61%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (9.86%) SQL Server
2 37 (7.44%) PostgreSQL
3 26 (5.23%) Azure SQL Database
3 26 (5.23%) MySQL
4 14 (2.82%) Big Data
5 10 (2.01%) Data Lake
6 8 (1.61%) Amazon RDS
7 7 (1.41%) Blockchain
8 6 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
8 6 (1.21%) Hadoop
8 6 (1.21%) MongoDB
9 5 (1.01%) Data Warehouse
9 5 (1.01%) Redis
9 5 (1.01%) Relational Database
10 3 (0.60%) Aerospike
10 3 (0.60%) ArangoDB
10 3 (0.60%) Couchbase
10 3 (0.60%) NoSQL
10 3 (0.60%) Oracle Database
10 3 (0.60%) Scylla
Development Applications
1 94 (18.91%) Git (software)
2 90 (18.11%) Jenkins
3 35 (7.04%) Cucumber
4 32 (6.44%) Sonatype Nexus
5 31 (6.24%) gulp
5 31 (6.24%) Selenium
6 30 (6.04%) Gradle
6 30 (6.04%) Protractor
7 27 (5.43%) GitLab
8 23 (4.63%) Maven
9 20 (4.02%) SonarQube
10 19 (3.82%) Artifactory
10 19 (3.82%) TeamCity
11 18 (3.62%) JIRA
12 14 (2.82%) Octopus Deploy
13 12 (2.41%) Bitbucket
14 7 (1.41%) Team Foundation Server
15 4 (0.80%) CircleCI
15 4 (0.80%) JMeter
15 4 (0.80%) Visual Studio
General
1 99 (19.92%) Social Skills
2 83 (16.70%) Finance
3 52 (10.46%) Banking
4 42 (8.45%) Law
5 32 (6.44%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 27 (5.43%) Organisational Skills
7 21 (4.23%) Investment Banking
8 19 (3.82%) Analytical Skills
8 19 (3.82%) Front Office
9 18 (3.62%) Public Sector
9 18 (3.62%) Retail
10 12 (2.41%) Manufacturing
11 11 (2.21%) Telecoms
12 10 (2.01%) Automotive
13 8 (1.61%) Marketing
13 8 (1.61%) Presentation Skills
14 7 (1.41%) Documentation Skills
15 6 (1.21%) Aerospace
15 6 (1.21%) Legal
16 5 (1.01%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 80 (16.10%) Cloud Engineer
2 66 (13.28%) Azure Engineer
3 61 (12.27%) Analyst
4 55 (11.07%) DevOps Engineer
4 55 (11.07%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 39 (7.85%) Support Engineer
6 30 (6.04%) Developer
7 25 (5.03%) Systems Engineer
8 24 (4.83%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
8 24 (4.83%) Senior DevOps
9 23 (4.63%) IT Analyst
9 23 (4.63%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 23 (4.63%) Software Engineer
10 21 (4.23%) Administrator
11 19 (3.82%) IT Support
11 19 (3.82%) Support Analyst
12 18 (3.62%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 17 (3.42%) Architect
13 17 (3.42%) Infrastructure Analyst
13 17 (3.42%) Principal Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 58 (11.67%) Kafka
2 52 (10.46%) Spring
3 51 (10.26%) Elastic Stack
4 37 (7.44%) AngularJS
5 35 (7.04%) RabbitMQ
6 34 (6.84%) Node.js
7 31 (6.24%) ARM Templates
7 31 (6.24%) Spring Boot
8 30 (6.04%) J2EE
8 30 (6.04%) Spring Integration
8 30 (6.04%) WireMock
9 26 (5.23%) .NET
10 18 (3.62%) JSON
10 18 (3.62%) Regular Expression
11 15 (3.02%) LDAP
12 11 (2.21%) ASP.NET
13 10 (2.01%) jQuery
13 10 (2.01%) LAMP
13 10 (2.01%) REST
14 9 (1.81%) 802.1X
Miscellaneous
1 49 (9.86%) Data Centre
2 46 (9.26%) Self-Motivation
3 39 (7.85%) Public Cloud
4 28 (5.63%) Management Information System
5 27 (5.43%) Linux Command Line
6 21 (4.23%) Video\Live Streaming
7 20 (4.02%) Mainframe
8 19 (3.82%) Derivative
8 19 (3.82%) Equity Derivative
8 19 (3.82%) Market Risk
9 18 (3.62%) Private Cloud
10 15 (3.02%) Enterprise Storage
11 14 (2.82%) Cyber Defence
11 14 (2.82%) Cyberthreat
12 12 (2.41%) Cloud Native
13 10 (2.01%) PKI
13 10 (2.01%) Replication
14 7 (1.41%) Hybrid Cloud
14 7 (1.41%) iPhone
15 6 (1.21%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 255 (51.31%) Windows
2 161 (32.39%) Linux
3 130 (26.16%) Windows Server
4 48 (9.66%) Windows 10
5 24 (4.83%) Windows Server 2016
6 21 (4.23%) VMS
6 21 (4.23%) Windows Server 2012
7 20 (4.02%) Windows Server 2019
7 20 (4.02%) zOS
8 17 (3.42%) Unix
8 17 (3.42%) Windows Server 2008
9 12 (2.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 11 (2.21%) Windows 7
11 10 (2.01%) Android
12 8 (1.61%) Mac OS X
13 6 (1.21%) CentOS
13 6 (1.21%) Ubuntu
14 4 (0.80%) SUSE
15 3 (0.60%) Oracle Linux
16 2 (0.40%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 182 (36.62%) DevOps
2 94 (18.91%) Agile Software Development
3 82 (16.50%) Problem-Solving
4 81 (16.30%) Migration
5 66 (13.28%) Analytics
6 65 (13.08%) Infrastructure as Code
6 65 (13.08%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 45 (9.05%) Disaster Recovery
8 40 (8.05%) Computer Science
9 37 (7.44%) Continuous Integration
9 37 (7.44%) Site Reliability Engineering
10 35 (7.04%) Test Automation
11 34 (6.84%) ITIL
11 34 (6.84%) TDD
12 33 (6.64%) Cybersecurity
12 33 (6.64%) Problem Management
12 33 (6.64%) Software Engineering
13 32 (6.44%) Load Balancing
14 31 (6.24%) Open Source
15 30 (6.04%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 147 (29.58%) Python
2 116 (23.34%) PowerShell
3 84 (16.90%) SQL
4 72 (14.49%) Java
5 59 (11.87%) Bash Shell
6 49 (9.86%) JavaScript
7 28 (5.63%) Ruby
8 27 (5.43%) C#
9 24 (4.83%) Go
10 20 (4.02%) Assembly Language
10 20 (4.02%) COBOL
11 17 (3.42%) Perl
12 8 (1.61%) PHP
13 7 (1.41%) C
14 6 (1.21%) Shell Script
15 4 (0.80%) Bicep
15 4 (0.80%) Clojure
15 4 (0.80%) Scala
16 3 (0.60%) C++
16 3 (0.60%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 69 (13.88%) Degree
2 43 (8.65%) Security Cleared
3 32 (6.44%) SC Cleared
4 30 (6.04%) OCP
4 30 (6.04%) Oracle Certification
5 26 (5.23%) Computer Science Degree
6 21 (4.23%) DV Cleared
7 20 (4.02%) Microsoft Certification
8 13 (2.62%) Cisco Certification
9 9 (1.81%) CCNA
10 8 (1.61%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 7 (1.41%) MCSE
12 4 (0.80%) Master's Degree
12 4 (0.80%) MCP
12 4 (0.80%) MCSA
13 3 (0.60%) A+ Certification
13 3 (0.60%) CCNP
13 3 (0.60%) ISTQB
13 3 (0.60%) MCITP
14 2 (0.40%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (7.24%) SLA
2 13 (2.62%) QA
3 9 (1.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (1.01%) NIST
5 4 (0.80%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.60%) Accessibility
6 3 (0.60%) GDPR
6 3 (0.60%) NIST 800
7 2 (0.40%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.40%) MiFID
7 2 (0.40%) NCSC
7 2 (0.40%) PMO
8 1 (0.20%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 171 (34.41%) Active Directory
2 114 (22.94%) VMware Infrastructure
3 91 (18.31%) Docker
4 57 (11.47%) Hyper-V
5 38 (7.65%) VMware ESXi
6 22 (4.43%) vSphere
7 20 (4.02%) NFS
8 16 (3.22%) VMware NSX
9 15 (3.02%) XenApp
10 12 (2.41%) Virtual Servers
11 9 (1.81%) Terminal Services
12 5 (1.01%) KVM
12 5 (1.01%) Virtual Desktop
13 4 (0.80%) Microsoft App-V
14 3 (0.60%) Firmware
14 3 (0.60%) Postfix
15 2 (0.40%) iptables
15 2 (0.40%) XenDesktop
16 1 (0.20%) GPFS
16 1 (0.20%) LXC
Systems Management
1 124 (24.95%) Ansible
2 117 (23.54%) Kubernetes
3 113 (22.74%) Terraform
4 51 (10.26%) Opscode Chef
5 43 (8.65%) Grafana
6 34 (6.84%) SCCM
7 32 (6.44%) Kibana
8 29 (5.84%) Puppet
9 20 (4.02%) SCOM
10 18 (3.62%) Failover Clustering
11 14 (2.82%) Prometheus
11 14 (2.82%) Single Sign-On
12 12 (2.41%) Packer
13 9 (1.81%) Microsoft Intune
14 7 (1.41%) FortiGate
15 6 (1.21%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 6 (1.21%) Graphite
16 5 (1.01%) HAProxy
16 5 (1.01%) SCOrch
17 4 (0.80%) Opsview
Vendors
1 216 (43.46%) Microsoft
2 149 (29.98%) VMware
3 49 (9.86%) Oracle
4 35 (7.04%) Citrix
5 32 (6.44%) Google
6 27 (5.43%) Cisco
7 24 (4.83%) NetApp
8 22 (4.43%) IBM
9 18 (3.62%) PayPal
10 15 (3.02%) EMC
11 12 (2.41%) ServiceNow
12 11 (2.21%) HP
12 11 (2.21%) SAP
12 11 (2.21%) Splunk
13 10 (2.01%) Dell
13 10 (2.01%) Intel
13 10 (2.01%) Red Hat
14 8 (1.61%) 3PAR
14 8 (1.61%) Palo Alto
15 7 (1.41%) iManage