Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 549 489 510
Rank change year-on-year -60 +21 -15
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 451 304 724
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.45% 0.48% 0.54%
As % of the System Software category 2.37% 2.66% 3.14%
Number of salaries quoted 308 239 510
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,250 £31,250
25th Percentile £37,500 £34,000 £37,625
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - -4.76% -4.55%
75th Percentile £67,125 £65,000 £68,750
90th Percentile £79,125 £77,750 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £51,000
% change year-on-year - -1.96% -7.27%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 18,994 11,442 23,082
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 19.00% 18.01% 17.34%
Number of salaries quoted 13,471 9,615 19,231
10th Percentile £29,750 £29,000 £26,000
25th Percentile £40,000 £38,750 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% +2.04%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £88,750 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in England.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in England

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -79 165 £62,500 -3.85% 42
South East -43 121 £50,000 +31.58% 18
North of England -41 78 £47,500 +26.67% 17
Midlands -59 60 £45,000 - 21
North West -27 45 £50,000 +36.99% 13
East Midlands -30 32 £28,500 -38.38% 4
West Midlands -57 29 £55,000 +34.97% 17
Yorkshire -72 27 £47,500 +21.02% 1
East of England -21 16 £44,500 -1.11% 10
South West -87 7 £55,000 +44.74% 10
North East -22 6 £31,500 -16.00% 3
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 242 (53.66%) Azure
2 214 (47.45%) Windows
3 210 (46.56%) Microsoft
4 195 (43.24%) Active Directory
5 175 (38.80%) DevOps
6 159 (35.25%) AWS
7 141 (31.26%) Linux
8 137 (30.38%) Kubernetes
9 134 (29.71%) Ansible
10 129 (28.60%) VMware
11 118 (26.16%) Windows Server
12 111 (24.61%) Social Skills
13 109 (24.17%) Docker
13 109 (24.17%) PaaS
14 105 (23.28%) Python
15 104 (23.06%) Git (software)
16 101 (22.39%) VMware Infrastructure
16 101 (22.39%) Firewall
16 101 (22.39%) Azure Active Directory
17 100 (22.17%) PowerShell
18 97 (21.51%) Finance
19 96 (21.29%) IaaS
20 91 (20.18%) Microsoft 365
21 90 (19.96%) Agile Software Development
22 89 (19.73%) Migration
23 87 (19.29%) Jenkins
24 84 (18.63%) Terraform
25 76 (16.85%) Problem-Solving
26 72 (15.96%) Java
27 71 (15.74%) Infrastructure as Code

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (13.30%) Elasticsearch
2 51 (11.31%) MS Exchange
3 30 (6.65%) Cloud Foundry
3 30 (6.65%) GemFire
4 27 (5.99%) SharePoint
5 17 (3.77%) Apache
6 16 (3.55%) Exchange Server 2013
6 16 (3.55%) IIS
7 15 (3.33%) Confluence
8 9 (2.00%) nginx
8 9 (2.00%) OpenStack
9 6 (1.33%) Exchange Server 2010
10 4 (0.89%) JBoss
11 2 (0.44%) Apache Pulsar
11 2 (0.44%) Ethereum
12 1 (0.22%) Apache Spark
12 1 (0.22%) OpenEdge
12 1 (0.22%) Skype for Business
12 1 (0.22%) Tomcat
12 1 (0.22%) Traffic Server
Applications
1 12 (2.66%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.89%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (0.89%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.44%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.22%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 7 (1.55%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 242 (53.66%) Azure
2 159 (35.25%) AWS
3 109 (24.17%) PaaS
4 101 (22.39%) Azure Active Directory
5 96 (21.29%) IaaS
6 91 (20.18%) Microsoft 365
7 53 (11.75%) GCP
8 38 (8.43%) GitHub
9 33 (7.32%) SaaS
10 31 (6.87%) Serverless
11 27 (5.99%) OpenShift
12 22 (4.88%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 15 (3.33%) AWS CloudFormation
14 13 (2.88%) Azure Data Factory
14 13 (2.88%) Azure Functions
14 13 (2.88%) Azure Storage
15 12 (2.66%) AWS Lambda
15 12 (2.66%) Azure Key Vault
16 10 (2.22%) Azure Service Bus
16 10 (2.22%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 101 (22.39%) Firewall
2 43 (9.53%) VPN
3 36 (7.98%) DNS
3 36 (7.98%) Network Security
4 30 (6.65%) Calico
5 22 (4.88%) LAN
5 22 (4.88%) TCP/IP
5 22 (4.88%) WAN
6 21 (4.66%) VoIP
7 19 (4.21%) SAN
8 18 (3.99%) HTTP
9 17 (3.77%) DHCP
9 17 (3.77%) MPLS
10 15 (3.33%) IP Telephony
10 15 (3.33%) Wireless
11 12 (2.66%) VLAN
12 11 (2.44%) NetScaler
12 11 (2.44%) SSL
13 10 (2.22%) DMZ
13 10 (2.22%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (8.43%) SQL Server
2 37 (8.20%) PostgreSQL
3 25 (5.54%) Azure SQL Database
4 24 (5.32%) MySQL
5 11 (2.44%) Big Data
6 10 (2.22%) Blockchain
6 10 (2.22%) MongoDB
7 9 (2.00%) Data Warehouse
8 8 (1.77%) Amazon RDS
8 8 (1.77%) Apache Cassandra
9 4 (0.89%) Oracle Database
9 4 (0.89%) Redis
10 3 (0.67%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.67%) Data Lake
10 3 (0.67%) Hadoop
10 3 (0.67%) NoSQL
10 3 (0.67%) Power BI
10 3 (0.67%) Relational Database
10 3 (0.67%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 2 (0.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 104 (23.06%) Git (software)
2 87 (19.29%) Jenkins
3 40 (8.87%) Gradle
3 40 (8.87%) Maven
4 32 (7.10%) Selenium
5 31 (6.87%) Cucumber
5 31 (6.87%) gulp
6 30 (6.65%) Protractor
6 30 (6.65%) Sonatype Nexus
7 29 (6.43%) Artifactory
8 28 (6.21%) SonarQube
9 22 (4.88%) Bitbucket
9 22 (4.88%) JIRA
10 19 (4.21%) GitLab
11 5 (1.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 5 (1.11%) Team Foundation Server
12 4 (0.89%) Postman
12 4 (0.89%) Visual Studio
13 3 (0.67%) TeamCity
14 2 (0.44%) Eclipse
General
1 111 (24.61%) Social Skills
2 97 (21.51%) Finance
3 65 (14.41%) Banking
4 47 (10.42%) Law
5 31 (6.87%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 26 (5.76%) Front Office
6 26 (5.76%) Investment Banking
7 23 (5.10%) Organisational Skills
8 15 (3.33%) Analytical Skills
9 14 (3.10%) Billing
10 12 (2.66%) Public Sector
11 10 (2.22%) Presentation Skills
12 9 (2.00%) Documentation Skills
12 9 (2.00%) Legal
12 9 (2.00%) Retail
13 7 (1.55%) Back Office
13 7 (1.55%) Telecoms
14 6 (1.33%) Automotive
14 6 (1.33%) Marketing
15 5 (1.11%) Games
Job Titles
1 68 (15.08%) Cloud Engineer
2 64 (14.19%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 61 (13.53%) Azure Engineer
4 52 (11.53%) Analyst
5 44 (9.76%) Support Engineer
6 42 (9.31%) DevOps Engineer
7 30 (6.65%) Developer
8 27 (5.99%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
9 26 (5.76%) IT Analyst
10 25 (5.54%) Senior DevOps
10 25 (5.54%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 23 (5.10%) IT Support
12 22 (4.88%) Software Engineer
13 19 (4.21%) Administrator
13 19 (4.21%) IT Engineer
14 18 (3.99%) Support Analyst
15 17 (3.77%) Infrastructure Analyst
15 17 (3.77%) Platform Engineer
16 16 (3.55%) Systems Engineer
17 15 (3.33%) IT Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 65 (14.41%) Kafka
2 58 (12.86%) Spring
3 56 (12.42%) Elastic Stack
4 37 (8.20%) Node.js
5 34 (7.54%) AngularJS
6 32 (7.10%) RabbitMQ
7 30 (6.65%) J2EE
7 30 (6.65%) Spring Boot
7 30 (6.65%) Spring Integration
7 30 (6.65%) WireMock
8 17 (3.77%) .NET
9 13 (2.88%) REST
10 12 (2.66%) COM
10 12 (2.66%) Web Services
11 10 (2.22%) SOAP
12 9 (2.00%) JSON
12 9 (2.00%) React
12 9 (2.00%) RESTful
13 8 (1.77%) Lambda Expressions
14 7 (1.55%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 47 (10.42%) Data Centre
2 34 (7.54%) Self-Motivation
3 32 (7.10%) Public Cloud
4 29 (6.43%) Video\Live Streaming
5 27 (5.99%) Derivative
5 27 (5.99%) Linux Command Line
6 26 (5.76%) Management Information System
6 26 (5.76%) Market Risk
7 24 (5.32%) Cloud Native
7 24 (5.32%) Equity Derivative
8 23 (5.10%) Private Cloud
9 16 (3.55%) Enterprise Storage
10 12 (2.66%) Driving Licence
11 11 (2.44%) Replication
12 8 (1.77%) Video Conferencing
13 7 (1.55%) Clustering
13 7 (1.55%) iPhone
14 6 (1.33%) Greenfield Project
14 6 (1.33%) Smartphone
14 6 (1.33%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 214 (47.45%) Windows
2 141 (31.26%) Linux
3 118 (26.16%) Windows Server
4 60 (13.30%) Windows 10
5 34 (7.54%) Windows Server 2016
6 32 (7.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 31 (6.87%) Windows Server 2019
8 27 (5.99%) Android
8 27 (5.99%) Windows Server 2012
9 22 (4.88%) Windows Server 2008
10 14 (3.10%) VMS
11 12 (2.66%) Apple iOS
11 12 (2.66%) Unix
11 12 (2.66%) Windows 7
12 7 (1.55%) CentOS
12 7 (1.55%) Debian
12 7 (1.55%) Ubuntu
13 6 (1.33%) SUSE
14 4 (0.89%) Windows 8
14 4 (0.89%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 175 (38.80%) DevOps
2 90 (19.96%) Agile Software Development
3 89 (19.73%) Migration
4 76 (16.85%) Problem-Solving
5 71 (15.74%) Infrastructure as Code
6 68 (15.08%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 59 (13.08%) Analytics
8 44 (9.76%) Network Virtualisation
9 41 (9.09%) ITIL
10 35 (7.76%) Continuous Integration
10 35 (7.76%) Site Reliability Engineering
11 34 (7.54%) Computer Science
11 34 (7.54%) Configuration Management
12 33 (7.32%) Dashboard Development
12 33 (7.32%) Problem Management
12 33 (7.32%) Risk Management
12 33 (7.32%) TDD
13 32 (7.10%) Continuous Deployment
13 32 (7.10%) Performance Tuning
14 30 (6.65%) Service-Level Objective
Programming Languages
1 105 (23.28%) Python
2 100 (22.17%) PowerShell
3 72 (15.96%) Java
4 70 (15.52%) SQL
5 53 (11.75%) Bash Shell
6 38 (8.43%) JavaScript
7 23 (5.10%) Ruby
8 18 (3.99%) Go
9 13 (2.88%) C#
10 7 (1.55%) Clojure
10 7 (1.55%) Perl
11 4 (0.89%) C
11 4 (0.89%) Scala
11 4 (0.89%) VB
12 3 (0.67%) Assembly Language
12 3 (0.67%) COBOL
12 3 (0.67%) Shell Script
13 2 (0.44%) C++
13 2 (0.44%) PHP
13 2 (0.44%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 56 (12.42%) Degree
2 31 (6.87%) Security Cleared
3 30 (6.65%) OCP
3 30 (6.65%) Oracle Certification
4 23 (5.10%) Microsoft Certification
5 22 (4.88%) SC Cleared
6 21 (4.66%) Computer Science Degree
7 9 (2.00%) Cisco Certification
8 8 (1.77%) CCNA
8 8 (1.77%) MCSE
9 7 (1.55%) CISSP
10 6 (1.33%) DV Cleared
10 6 (1.33%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 5 (1.11%) CISA
11 5 (1.11%) Master's Degree
12 4 (0.89%) CISM
12 4 (0.89%) ISSAP
12 4 (0.89%) ISSEP
12 4 (0.89%) MCP
13 3 (0.67%) A+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (9.53%) SLA
2 16 (3.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 15 (3.33%) QA
4 6 (1.33%) NIST
5 5 (1.11%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.89%) COBIT
7 2 (0.44%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.44%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.44%) SOC 2
8 1 (0.22%) Accessibility
8 1 (0.22%) GDPR
8 1 (0.22%) NCSC
System Software
1 195 (43.24%) Active Directory
2 109 (24.17%) Docker
3 101 (22.39%) VMware Infrastructure
4 45 (9.98%) Hyper-V
5 38 (8.43%) VMware ESXi
6 21 (4.66%) Virtual Servers
7 18 (3.99%) vSphere
8 17 (3.77%) XenApp
9 16 (3.55%) VMware NSX
10 12 (2.66%) Virtual Desktop
11 10 (2.22%) KVM
12 6 (1.33%) Firmware
12 6 (1.33%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 6 (1.33%) NFS
12 6 (1.33%) Terminal Services
13 4 (0.89%) Postfix
13 4 (0.89%) XenDesktop
14 3 (0.67%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 3 (0.67%) iptables
14 3 (0.67%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 137 (30.38%) Kubernetes
2 134 (29.71%) Ansible
3 84 (18.63%) Terraform
4 56 (12.42%) Grafana
5 46 (10.20%) Opscode Chef
6 33 (7.32%) Puppet
7 31 (6.87%) Kibana
8 28 (6.21%) SCCM
9 26 (5.76%) Prometheus
10 20 (4.43%) Packer
11 17 (3.77%) Failover Clustering
12 16 (3.55%) Graphite
13 15 (3.33%) Consul
13 15 (3.33%) Opsview
14 11 (2.44%) Single Sign-On
15 10 (2.22%) vCenter Server
16 8 (1.77%) Microsoft Intune
17 6 (1.33%) FortiGate
17 6 (1.33%) PaperCut
17 6 (1.33%) PowerCLI
Vendors
1 210 (46.56%) Microsoft
2 129 (28.60%) VMware
3 49 (10.86%) Oracle
4 36 (7.98%) Citrix
5 30 (6.65%) Cisco
6 27 (5.99%) NetApp
7 26 (5.76%) Google
8 19 (4.21%) HP
9 18 (3.99%) PayPal
10 15 (3.33%) EMC
11 14 (3.10%) Dell
11 14 (3.10%) Splunk
12 13 (2.88%) Red Hat
13 12 (2.66%) SolarWinds
14 11 (2.44%) ServiceNow
15 10 (2.22%) 3PAR
16 9 (2.00%) SonicWALL
16 9 (2.00%) Veeam
17 7 (1.55%) BMC
17 7 (1.55%) Draytek