Period
to 22 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 22 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 207 190 237
Rank change year-on-year -17 +47 -7
Contract jobs citing IaaS 762 1,365 1,094
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.24% 1.50% 1.17%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.04% 5.69% 5.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 455 904 719
England median daily rate £525 £525 £505
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.96% +1.00%
10th Percentile £363 £391 £375
90th Percentile £700 £688 £663
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £503
% change year-on-year - +4.43% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 2 2
England median hourly rate £47.00 £56.75 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.18% +62.14% -22.22%
UK median hourly rate £47.00 £56.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year -17.18% +62.14% -22.22%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 18,841 23,980 18,286
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.65% 26.43% 19.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,917 16,686 12,797
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £281 £313 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £488 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 321 290 222
England median hourly rate £22.50 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.57% -12.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £13.00 £11.28 £11.25
90th Percentile £73.75 £49.83 £58.38
UK median hourly rate £21.42 £17.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +22.40% -12.50% +6.67%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 22 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 22 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 22 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -33 311 £550 +4.76% 122
South East -26 184 £530 +3.41% 48
North of England +44 145 £475 -5.00% 61
Yorkshire +67 77 £525 +16.67% 27
South West -7 49 £500 +5.26% 26
North West +33 48 £433 -13.50% 29
Midlands +2 48 £544 +8.75% 36
West Midlands +8 44 £550 +4.17% 28
East of England +36 22 £450 -18.18% 18
North East +3 21 £425 -10.99% 5
East Midlands +19 4 £415 -7.78% 8
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 22 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 594 (77.95%) Azure
2 575 (75.46%) PaaS
3 331 (43.44%) Microsoft
4 327 (42.91%) DevOps
5 296 (38.85%) SaaS
6 265 (34.78%) Windows
7 243 (31.89%) PowerShell
8 217 (28.48%) AWS
9 203 (26.64%) Agile Software Development
10 199 (26.12%) SQL
11 178 (23.36%) Active Directory
12 163 (21.39%) Migration
13 150 (19.69%) VMware
14 146 (19.16%) Ansible
15 123 (16.14%) Firewall
16 122 (16.01%) Terraform
17 117 (15.35%) Kubernetes
18 115 (15.09%) Azure Active Directory
19 111 (14.57%) DNS
20 108 (14.17%) VMware Infrastructure
20 108 (14.17%) Infrastructure as Code
21 107 (14.04%) Infrastructure Engineering
21 107 (14.04%) Linux
22 103 (13.52%) Finance
22 103 (13.52%) Office 365
23 100 (13.12%) Windows Server
23 100 (13.12%) Continuous Integration
24 99 (12.99%) SQL Server
25 92 (12.07%) Security Cleared
25 92 (12.07%) Public Cloud

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (3.41%) Skype for Business
2 24 (3.15%) SharePoint
3 22 (2.89%) MS Exchange
4 20 (2.62%) OpenStack
5 19 (2.49%) IIS
6 12 (1.57%) Exchange Server 2010
7 11 (1.44%) Confluence
8 8 (1.05%) BizTalk Server
8 8 (1.05%) Exchange Server 2013
9 7 (0.92%) Apache
9 7 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
10 5 (0.66%) Elasticsearch
11 4 (0.52%) Apache Spark
11 4 (0.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 4 (0.52%) Tomcat
12 3 (0.39%) CMS
12 3 (0.39%) Ethereum
12 3 (0.39%) Hyperledger
12 3 (0.39%) Jetty
13 2 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 44 (5.77%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.39%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.13%) Maya
3 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.52%) Elite 3E
3 3 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
3 3 (0.39%) Oracle Cash Management
3 3 (0.39%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.39%) R3 Corda
4 2 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.26%) Remedy ITSM
4 2 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.13%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.13%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.13%) Quorum
5 1 (0.13%) Sprinklr
5 1 (0.13%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 594 (77.95%) Azure
2 575 (75.46%) PaaS
3 296 (38.85%) SaaS
4 217 (28.48%) AWS
5 115 (15.09%) Azure Active Directory
6 103 (13.52%) Office 365
7 71 (9.32%) GCP
8 55 (7.22%) Power Platform
9 51 (6.69%) Serverless
10 40 (5.25%) Cloud Computing
11 32 (4.20%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 28 (3.67%) OpenShift
13 27 (3.54%) GitHub
14 22 (2.89%) AWS CloudFormation
15 18 (2.36%) Azure Functions
16 13 (1.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 12 (1.57%) Azure Data Factory
17 12 (1.57%) NuGet
18 10 (1.31%) iPaaS
18 10 (1.31%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 123 (16.14%) Firewall
2 111 (14.57%) DNS
3 72 (9.45%) VPN
4 53 (6.96%) DHCP
5 51 (6.69%) TCP/IP
6 48 (6.30%) SAN
7 35 (4.59%) Network Security
8 30 (3.94%) WAN
9 28 (3.67%) Internet
9 28 (3.67%) NAS
10 24 (3.15%) LAN
10 24 (3.15%) Reverse Proxy
11 21 (2.76%) Skype
12 12 (1.57%) VoIP
13 11 (1.44%) MPLS
13 11 (1.44%) Wi-Fi
13 11 (1.44%) Wireless
14 9 (1.18%) BGP
14 9 (1.18%) Kerberos
15 8 (1.05%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 99 (12.99%) SQL Server
2 57 (7.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 55 (7.22%) Power BI
4 53 (6.96%) Azure SQL Database
5 42 (5.51%) Data Lake
6 33 (4.33%) Data Warehouse
7 32 (4.20%) HDInsight
8 21 (2.76%) PostgreSQL
8 21 (2.76%) SQL Server 2016
9 18 (2.36%) MySQL
10 16 (2.10%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
10 16 (2.10%) Big Data
10 16 (2.10%) Relational Database
11 14 (1.84%) SQL Server 2012
12 13 (1.71%) NoSQL
13 12 (1.57%) Oracle Database
13 12 (1.57%) RDBMS
14 11 (1.44%) Cosmos DB
15 10 (1.31%) MongoDB
15 10 (1.31%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 63 (8.27%) Jenkins
2 59 (7.74%) Git (software)
3 43 (5.64%) Visual Studio
3 43 (5.64%) Visual Studio Team System
4 34 (4.46%) JIRA
5 25 (3.28%) TeamCity
6 21 (2.76%) Team Foundation Server
7 18 (2.36%) Octopus Deploy
8 17 (2.23%) GitLab
9 12 (1.57%) Artifactory
9 12 (1.57%) Sonatype Nexus
10 11 (1.44%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 10 (1.31%) Selenium
12 9 (1.18%) Subversion
13 8 (1.05%) Bitbucket
14 6 (0.79%) Cucumber
15 4 (0.52%) Grunt
15 4 (0.52%) gulp
15 4 (0.52%) Maven
15 4 (0.52%) webpack
General
1 103 (13.52%) Finance
2 43 (5.64%) Public Sector
3 19 (2.49%) Banking
4 18 (2.36%) Telecoms
5 15 (1.97%) Marketing
6 14 (1.84%) Retail
7 13 (1.71%) Manufacturing
8 11 (1.44%) Billing
9 8 (1.05%) Electronics
10 6 (0.79%) Advertising
11 5 (0.66%) Back Office
11 5 (0.66%) Front Office
11 5 (0.66%) Investment Banking
11 5 (0.66%) Legal
12 4 (0.52%) German Language
12 4 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.39%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.39%) French Language
13 3 (0.39%) Law
14 2 (0.26%) Games
Job Titles
1 255 (33.46%) Architect
2 118 (15.49%) DevOps Engineer
3 115 (15.09%) Azure Engineer
4 81 (10.63%) Cloud Architect
5 80 (10.50%) Azure Architect
6 72 (9.45%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 68 (8.92%) Solutions Architect
8 65 (8.53%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 55 (7.22%) Azure DevOps
10 53 (6.96%) Cloud Engineer
11 48 (6.30%) Consultant
12 42 (5.51%) Developer
13 29 (3.81%) Security Architect
14 25 (3.28%) AWS Engineer
15 24 (3.15%) Technical Architect
16 22 (2.89%) Azure Consultant
17 21 (2.76%) Cloud Consultant
18 20 (2.62%) Infrastructure Architect
19 19 (2.49%) Analyst
19 19 (2.49%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 89 (11.68%) .NET
2 72 (9.45%) Web Services
3 41 (5.38%) JSON
4 27 (3.54%) Node.js
5 24 (3.15%) OAuth
5 24 (3.15%) REST
6 23 (3.02%) AngularJS
7 21 (2.76%) XML
8 18 (2.36%) .NET Core
8 18 (2.36%) YAML
9 17 (2.23%) SAML
10 16 (2.10%) Middleware
11 14 (1.84%) .NET Framework
11 14 (1.84%) ASP.NET
11 14 (1.84%) React
12 12 (1.57%) OpenID
13 11 (1.44%) HTML
14 10 (1.31%) CSS
15 9 (1.18%) LDAP
16 8 (1.05%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 92 (12.07%) Public Cloud
2 75 (9.84%) Data Centre
3 53 (6.96%) Hybrid Cloud
4 38 (4.99%) Enterprise Software
4 38 (4.99%) Replication
5 36 (4.72%) Cloud Native
6 27 (3.54%) Private Cloud
7 24 (3.15%) Analytical Skills
7 24 (3.15%) Clustering
8 23 (3.02%) Management Information System
9 17 (2.23%) PKI
10 11 (1.44%) User Experience
11 10 (1.31%) Greenfield Project
12 9 (1.18%) Enterprise Storage
12 9 (1.18%) Social Media
13 8 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
13 8 (1.05%) NHS
13 8 (1.05%) Virtual Team
14 7 (0.92%) Mainframe
14 7 (0.92%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 265 (34.78%) Windows
2 107 (14.04%) Linux
3 100 (13.12%) Windows Server
4 44 (5.77%) Windows 10
5 31 (4.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 29 (3.81%) Windows Server 2012
7 26 (3.41%) Unix
8 24 (3.15%) Windows Server 2008
9 23 (3.02%) VMS
10 8 (1.05%) Android
10 8 (1.05%) Windows 7
11 5 (0.66%) Apple iOS
11 5 (0.66%) Ubuntu
12 4 (0.52%) CentOS
13 3 (0.39%) Solaris
13 3 (0.39%) Windows 8
13 3 (0.39%) Windows Server 2003
14 2 (0.26%) AIX
14 2 (0.26%) DC/OS
14 2 (0.26%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 327 (42.91%) DevOps
2 203 (26.64%) Agile Software Development
3 163 (21.39%) Migration
4 108 (14.17%) Infrastructure as Code
5 107 (14.04%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 100 (13.12%) Continuous Integration
7 79 (10.37%) Analytics
8 73 (9.58%) Business Intelligence
9 71 (9.32%) Test Automation
10 69 (9.06%) Microservices
11 65 (8.53%) Continuous Delivery
12 56 (7.35%) ITIL
13 54 (7.09%) Scrum
14 53 (6.96%) SOA
15 52 (6.82%) Data Management
16 51 (6.69%) Problem-Solving
17 47 (6.17%) Disaster Recovery
18 44 (5.77%) Configuration Management
19 40 (5.25%) Information Security
20 38 (4.99%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 243 (31.89%) PowerShell
2 199 (26.12%) SQL
3 88 (11.55%) Python
4 59 (7.74%) C#
5 54 (7.09%) Java
6 38 (4.99%) Bash Shell
7 36 (4.72%) JavaScript
8 27 (3.54%) Ruby
9 18 (2.36%) T-SQL
10 16 (2.10%) C
11 15 (1.97%) Perl
11 15 (1.97%) Shell Script
12 8 (1.05%) PHP
12 8 (1.05%) TypeScript
13 6 (0.79%) Go
13 6 (0.79%) R
14 5 (0.66%) C++
14 5 (0.66%) VBScript
15 4 (0.52%) PL/SQL
15 4 (0.52%) VB
Qualifications
1 92 (12.07%) Security Cleared
2 62 (8.14%) SC Cleared
3 58 (7.61%) Degree
4 38 (4.99%) Microsoft Certification
5 23 (3.02%) DV Cleared
6 18 (2.36%) MCSE
7 13 (1.71%) Computer Science Degree
8 12 (1.57%) BPSS Clearance
8 12 (1.57%) MCSA
9 11 (1.44%) Cisco Certification
10 10 (1.31%) CCNA
11 7 (0.92%) CISSP
11 7 (0.92%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 6 (0.79%) MCP
13 5 (0.66%) AWS Certification
13 5 (0.66%) CISM
13 5 (0.66%) Citrix Certification
13 5 (0.66%) MCITP
13 5 (0.66%) TOGAF Certification
14 4 (0.52%) RIBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (2.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 17 (2.23%) GDPR
3 15 (1.97%) QA
4 9 (1.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 8 (1.05%) SLA
6 7 (0.92%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.92%) NIST
7 6 (0.79%) NCSC
8 5 (0.66%) GxP
9 4 (0.52%) Cyber Essentials
10 3 (0.39%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 3 (0.39%) HL7
10 3 (0.39%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.26%) COBIT
11 2 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 2 (0.26%) NIST 800
12 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 178 (23.36%) Active Directory
2 108 (14.17%) VMware Infrastructure
3 90 (11.81%) Docker
4 77 (10.10%) Virtual Machines
5 51 (6.69%) Hyper-V
6 39 (5.12%) vSphere
7 27 (3.54%) VMware ESXi
8 23 (3.02%) VMware NSX
9 10 (1.31%) XenApp
10 8 (1.05%) XenDesktop
11 7 (0.92%) Virtual Servers
12 6 (0.79%) VMware Workstation
13 5 (0.66%) Terminal Services
14 4 (0.52%) Oracle RAC
14 4 (0.52%) vCloud
15 3 (0.39%) HDFS
15 3 (0.39%) NFS
15 3 (0.39%) Virtual Desktop
16 2 (0.26%) Microsoft App-V
16 2 (0.26%) NDS
Systems Management
1 146 (19.16%) Ansible
2 122 (16.01%) Terraform
3 117 (15.35%) Kubernetes
4 61 (8.01%) Puppet
5 58 (7.61%) Opscode Chef
6 51 (6.69%) SCCM
7 30 (3.94%) Microsoft Intune
8 25 (3.28%) Single Sign-On
9 17 (2.23%) Microsoft Clustering
9 17 (2.23%) SCOM
10 14 (1.84%) WSUS
11 12 (1.57%) vRealize
12 11 (1.44%) vCenter Server
13 9 (1.18%) NetBackup
14 8 (1.05%) Salt
15 7 (0.92%) vRealize Orchestrator
16 6 (0.79%) Nessus
16 6 (0.79%) Norton AntiVirus
17 5 (0.66%) Data Guard
17 5 (0.66%) Nagios
Vendors
1 331 (43.44%) Microsoft
2 150 (19.69%) VMware
3 58 (7.61%) Google
4 56 (7.35%) Cisco
5 47 (6.17%) Oracle
6 42 (5.51%) Citrix
7 31 (4.07%) Splunk
8 17 (2.23%) HP
8 17 (2.23%) Red Hat
8 17 (2.23%) SAP
9 16 (2.10%) Dell
10 15 (1.97%) Informatica
10 15 (1.97%) NetApp
11 14 (1.84%) EMC
11 14 (1.84%) Symantec
12 12 (1.57%) Tableau
13 11 (1.44%) Workday
14 9 (1.18%) Meraki
14 9 (1.18%) MuleSoft
14 9 (1.18%) Qualys