Period
to 6 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 6 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
6 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 202 222 281
Rank change year-on-year +20 +59 -21
Contract jobs citing IaaS 949 1,252 905
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.28% 1.31% 0.95%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.24% 5.25% 5.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 580 797 592
England median daily rate £534 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.15% +2.50% -
10th Percentile £375 £369 £363
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £530 £513 £500
% change year-on-year +3.41% +2.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 1 4
England median hourly rate £80.00 £47.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +68.42% +35.71% -
10th Percentile £40.00 £46.25 £34.55
90th Percentile £83.05 £48.75 £45.50
UK median hourly rate £80.00 £41.25 £35.00
% change year-on-year +93.94% +17.86% -

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 22,359 23,840 16,858
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.07% 24.86% 17.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,303 16,731 11,803
England median daily rate £500 £490 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £283 £306 £275
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £495 £484 £470
% change year-on-year +2.27% +2.98% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 373 316 211
England median hourly rate £21.50 £17.50 £20.66
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.86% -15.27% +8.71%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £78.75 £58.75 £58.75
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £17.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -12.50% +7.85%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 6 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -19 400 £550 +4.76% 97
South East +29 270 £550 +12.82% 58
North of England +29 145 £500 - 55
Yorkshire +36 73 £525 +10.53% 21
Midlands +9 58 £530 +7.34% 48
South West +8 52 £525 +27.27% 20
North West +13 51 £473 -5.50% 31
West Midlands +11 49 £550 +10.00% 29
East of England +30 23 £475 -1.04% 11
North East +19 22 £425 -5.56% 3
East Midlands +22 9 £519 +15.41% 18
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 6 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 723 (76.19%) Azure
2 689 (72.60%) PaaS
3 417 (43.94%) Microsoft
4 412 (43.41%) SaaS
5 385 (40.57%) DevOps
6 292 (30.77%) AWS
7 283 (29.82%) Windows
8 231 (24.34%) PowerShell
9 225 (23.71%) Agile Software Development
10 196 (20.65%) Active Directory
11 194 (20.44%) Migration
12 181 (19.07%) SQL
13 174 (18.34%) Ansible
14 170 (17.91%) VMware
15 169 (17.81%) Firewall
16 164 (17.28%) Office 365
17 146 (15.38%) Finance
18 145 (15.28%) Azure Active Directory
19 140 (14.75%) Security Cleared
20 133 (14.01%) DNS
21 132 (13.91%) Linux
22 130 (13.70%) Kubernetes
22 130 (13.70%) Terraform
23 127 (13.38%) Python
24 114 (12.01%) Windows Server
25 112 (11.80%) Web Services
26 111 (11.70%) Docker
26 111 (11.70%) SC Cleared
27 110 (11.59%) VPN
28 104 (10.96%) VMware Infrastructure

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (4.11%) SharePoint
2 35 (3.69%) OpenStack
3 27 (2.85%) Skype for Business
4 21 (2.21%) MS Exchange
5 19 (2.00%) IIS
6 12 (1.26%) Exchange Server 2010
7 9 (0.95%) Exchange Server 2013
8 8 (0.84%) CMS
8 8 (0.84%) Confluence
9 7 (0.74%) Apache
9 7 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
9 7 (0.74%) Elasticsearch
10 5 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 5 (0.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 4 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
12 3 (0.32%) ArcGIS
12 3 (0.32%) Ethereum
12 3 (0.32%) Hyperledger
12 3 (0.32%) SharePoint 2013
12 3 (0.32%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 63 (6.64%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.42%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (1.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.74%) Eloqua
3 6 (0.63%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 4 (0.42%) SAP Hybris
5 3 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.32%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.32%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.21%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.21%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.11%) CiviCRM
7 1 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 1 (0.11%) Quorum
7 1 (0.11%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 723 (76.19%) Azure
2 689 (72.60%) PaaS
3 412 (43.41%) SaaS
4 292 (30.77%) AWS
5 164 (17.28%) Office 365
6 145 (15.28%) Azure Active Directory
7 86 (9.06%) GCP
8 69 (7.27%) Serverless
9 50 (5.27%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 49 (5.16%) OpenShift
11 46 (4.85%) Cloud Computing
11 46 (4.85%) Power Platform
12 30 (3.16%) AWS CloudFormation
13 25 (2.63%) GitHub
14 19 (2.00%) Dynamics 365
14 19 (2.00%) iPaaS
15 16 (1.69%) OneDrive
16 15 (1.58%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 14 (1.48%) Datadog
18 13 (1.37%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 169 (17.81%) Firewall
2 133 (14.01%) DNS
3 110 (11.59%) VPN
4 72 (7.59%) TCP/IP
5 63 (6.64%) SAN
6 58 (6.11%) Internet
7 46 (4.85%) DHCP
7 46 (4.85%) Network Security
8 43 (4.53%) NAS
8 43 (4.53%) Reverse Proxy
9 35 (3.69%) WAN
10 27 (2.85%) Skype
11 23 (2.42%) LAN
12 16 (1.69%) Wireless
13 13 (1.37%) Wi-Fi
14 12 (1.26%) NetScaler
15 11 (1.16%) VSAN
16 10 (1.05%) Multicast
16 10 (1.05%) Software-Defined Networking
17 9 (0.95%) Fibre Channel
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (10.54%) SQL Server
2 59 (6.22%) Azure SQL Database
3 46 (4.85%) Data Warehouse
3 46 (4.85%) Power BI
4 35 (3.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 34 (3.58%) Data Lake
6 24 (2.53%) Cosmos DB
7 19 (2.00%) SQL Server 2016
8 16 (1.69%) Data Mart
8 16 (1.69%) Oracle Database
9 15 (1.58%) PostgreSQL
10 14 (1.48%) Big Data
10 14 (1.48%) Relational Database
10 14 (1.48%) SQL Server 2012
11 12 (1.26%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
11 12 (1.26%) MySQL
12 11 (1.16%) SQL Server 2014
13 9 (0.95%) Oracle Reports
13 9 (0.95%) RDBMS
14 8 (0.84%) HDInsight
Development Applications
1 77 (8.11%) Jenkins
2 72 (7.59%) Visual Studio Team System
3 63 (6.64%) Git (software)
4 30 (3.16%) JIRA
5 26 (2.74%) Visual Studio
6 23 (2.42%) TeamCity
7 22 (2.32%) Team Foundation Server
8 19 (2.00%) Octopus Deploy
9 18 (1.90%) GitLab
9 18 (1.90%) Sonatype Nexus
10 12 (1.26%) Selenium
11 10 (1.05%) Bitbucket
12 8 (0.84%) Cucumber
13 7 (0.74%) Subversion
14 6 (0.63%) Artifactory
14 6 (0.63%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 5 (0.53%) JUnit
15 5 (0.53%) SonarQube
15 5 (0.53%) SpecFlow
16 4 (0.42%) NUnit
General
1 146 (15.38%) Finance
2 51 (5.37%) Public Sector
3 32 (3.37%) Banking
4 29 (3.06%) Marketing
5 26 (2.74%) Telecoms
6 23 (2.42%) Retail
7 17 (1.79%) Billing
8 14 (1.48%) Manufacturing
9 11 (1.16%) Legal
10 8 (0.84%) Electronics
11 7 (0.74%) German Language
11 7 (0.74%) Investment Banking
12 6 (0.63%) Advertising
13 5 (0.53%) Financial Institution
13 5 (0.53%) French Language
14 4 (0.42%) Aerospace
14 4 (0.42%) Games
15 3 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
16 2 (0.21%) Italian Language
16 2 (0.21%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 362 (38.15%) Architect
2 158 (16.65%) Azure Engineer
3 136 (14.33%) Azure Architect
3 136 (14.33%) DevOps Engineer
4 116 (12.22%) Cloud Architect
5 99 (10.43%) Azure DevOps
6 97 (10.22%) Solutions Architect
7 85 (8.96%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 69 (7.27%) Cloud Engineer
9 63 (6.64%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 54 (5.69%) Consultant
11 48 (5.06%) Security Architect
12 47 (4.95%) Technical Architect
13 41 (4.32%) Developer
14 29 (3.06%) AWS Architect
15 27 (2.85%) AWS Engineer
16 24 (2.53%) Azure Consultant
17 23 (2.42%) Infrastructure Architect
18 22 (2.32%) Analyst
18 22 (2.32%) Integration Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 112 (11.80%) Web Services
2 102 (10.75%) .NET
3 75 (7.90%) JSON
4 36 (3.79%) REST
5 31 (3.27%) Node.js
6 27 (2.85%) OAuth
7 24 (2.53%) SAML
8 23 (2.42%) XML
9 22 (2.32%) SOAP
9 22 (2.32%) YAML
10 21 (2.21%) AngularJS
11 20 (2.11%) .NET Framework
12 19 (2.00%) .NET Core
13 18 (1.90%) OpenID
14 17 (1.79%) HTML
15 16 (1.69%) ADO
15 16 (1.69%) Middleware
16 14 (1.48%) CSS
17 13 (1.37%) Django
17 13 (1.37%) Oracle Fusion
Miscellaneous
1 103 (10.85%) Public Cloud
2 93 (9.80%) Data Centre
3 74 (7.80%) Hybrid Cloud
4 51 (5.37%) Replication
5 46 (4.85%) Enterprise Software
6 45 (4.74%) Cloud Native
7 42 (4.43%) Analytical Skills
8 35 (3.69%) Private Cloud
9 28 (2.95%) Management Information System
10 24 (2.53%) Clustering
11 20 (2.11%) Linux Command Line
12 15 (1.58%) Greenfield Project
12 15 (1.58%) N-Tier
13 14 (1.48%) PKI
13 14 (1.48%) Self-Motivation
14 11 (1.16%) Microsoft Licensing
15 10 (1.05%) Client/Server
16 9 (0.95%) User Experience
16 9 (0.95%) Video Conferencing
17 8 (0.84%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 283 (29.82%) Windows
2 132 (13.91%) Linux
3 114 (12.01%) Windows Server
4 59 (6.22%) Windows 10
5 50 (5.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 30 (3.16%) VMS
7 27 (2.85%) Unix
8 20 (2.11%) Windows Server 2012
9 15 (1.58%) Windows Server 2008
10 9 (0.95%) Windows 7
11 8 (0.84%) Android
12 6 (0.63%) CentOS
13 5 (0.53%) AIX
13 5 (0.53%) Apple iOS
13 5 (0.53%) Ubuntu
14 3 (0.32%) Solaris
14 3 (0.32%) Windows 8
15 2 (0.21%) DC/OS
15 2 (0.21%) Windows XP
16 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 385 (40.57%) DevOps
2 225 (23.71%) Agile Software Development
3 194 (20.44%) Migration
4 104 (10.96%) Infrastructure as Code
5 99 (10.43%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 84 (8.85%) Microservices
7 80 (8.43%) Continuous Integration
8 73 (7.69%) Problem-Solving
9 70 (7.38%) Disaster Recovery
10 69 (7.27%) Information Security
11 68 (7.17%) Scrum
12 62 (6.53%) ITIL
12 62 (6.53%) Test Automation
13 61 (6.43%) Computer Science
13 61 (6.43%) SOA
14 59 (6.22%) Analytics
15 58 (6.11%) Business Intelligence
16 51 (5.37%) Project Management
17 50 (5.27%) Configuration Management
18 49 (5.16%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 231 (24.34%) PowerShell
2 181 (19.07%) SQL
3 127 (13.38%) Python
4 67 (7.06%) Java
5 59 (6.22%) C#
6 48 (5.06%) JavaScript
7 39 (4.11%) Bash Shell
8 26 (2.74%) Ruby
9 23 (2.42%) Perl
10 18 (1.90%) C
11 14 (1.48%) Shell Script
12 11 (1.16%) Go
12 11 (1.16%) PHP
13 10 (1.05%) T-SQL
14 9 (0.95%) R
15 6 (0.63%) C++
15 6 (0.63%) Tcl
16 5 (0.53%) VB
17 4 (0.42%) ABAP
18 3 (0.32%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 140 (14.75%) Security Cleared
2 111 (11.70%) SC Cleared
3 91 (9.59%) Degree
4 39 (4.11%) Microsoft Certification
5 26 (2.74%) CISSP
6 24 (2.53%) DV Cleared
7 21 (2.21%) CISM
8 20 (2.11%) MCSE
9 19 (2.00%) Cisco Certification
10 11 (1.16%) BPSS Clearance
10 11 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
11 10 (1.05%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 8 (0.84%) AWS Certification
12 8 (0.84%) CRISC
12 8 (0.84%) TOGAF Certification
13 7 (0.74%) CCIE
14 6 (0.63%) CCNA
14 6 (0.63%) MCITP
14 6 (0.63%) MCP
14 6 (0.63%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (3.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 28 (2.95%) QA
3 22 (2.32%) GDPR
4 20 (2.11%) NIST
5 17 (1.79%) Data Quality
6 12 (1.26%) NCSC
6 12 (1.26%) PCI DSS
7 11 (1.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 11 (1.16%) SLA
8 8 (0.84%) COBIT
9 3 (0.32%) Cyber Essentials
9 3 (0.32%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 3 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 19770
10 2 (0.21%) HL7
10 2 (0.21%) NIST 800
11 1 (0.11%) BS25999
11 1 (0.11%) COSO
11 1 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 196 (20.65%) Active Directory
2 111 (11.70%) Docker
3 104 (10.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 70 (7.38%) Virtual Machines
5 58 (6.11%) Hyper-V
6 41 (4.32%) vSphere
7 31 (3.27%) VMware ESXi
8 27 (2.85%) VMware NSX
9 20 (2.11%) XenDesktop
10 14 (1.48%) vCloud
11 12 (1.26%) XenApp
12 9 (0.95%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 6 (0.63%) Virtual Servers
14 5 (0.53%) NFS
15 4 (0.42%) VMware Workstation
16 3 (0.32%) BitLocker
16 3 (0.32%) Ceph
16 3 (0.32%) Postfix
16 3 (0.32%) Virtual Desktop
17 2 (0.21%) DFS Replication
Systems Management
1 174 (18.34%) Ansible
2 130 (13.70%) Kubernetes
2 130 (13.70%) Terraform
3 76 (8.01%) Puppet
4 71 (7.48%) Opscode Chef
5 52 (5.48%) SCCM
6 45 (4.74%) Microsoft Intune
7 40 (4.21%) Single Sign-On
8 26 (2.74%) vRealize
9 19 (2.00%) Salt
9 19 (2.00%) SCOM
9 19 (2.00%) vCenter Server
10 18 (1.90%) Microsoft Clustering
11 7 (0.74%) CASB
11 7 (0.74%) NetBackup
11 7 (0.74%) WSUS
12 6 (0.63%) Nagios
12 6 (0.63%) Nessus
12 6 (0.63%) Packer
12 6 (0.63%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 417 (43.94%) Microsoft
2 170 (17.91%) VMware
3 80 (8.43%) Google
4 73 (7.69%) Oracle
5 62 (6.53%) Cisco
6 50 (5.27%) Citrix
7 37 (3.90%) Splunk
8 35 (3.69%) Red Hat
9 29 (3.06%) SAP
10 22 (2.32%) Salesforce.com
11 21 (2.21%) Dell
11 21 (2.21%) NetApp
11 21 (2.21%) Workday
12 19 (2.00%) Databricks
13 16 (1.69%) EMC
14 15 (1.58%) HP
15 14 (1.48%) IBM
16 12 (1.26%) MuleSoft
16 12 (1.26%) SaltStack
17 11 (1.16%) New Relic