Period
to 15 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 15 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 213 214 251
Rank change year-on-year +1 +37 +61
Contract jobs citing IaaS 423 1,118 997
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.20% 1.32% 1.05%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.82% 4.57% 4.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 268 779 694
Median daily rate £525 £530 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.94% +6.00% -
10th Percentile £370 £400 £370
90th Percentile £702 £690 £654
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £508
% change year-on-year - +3.45% +1.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 18 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 £76.25 £55.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -54.10% +38.64% +10.00%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £76.25 £55.00
% change year-on-year -54.10% +38.64% +10.00%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 11,072 24,490 20,931
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.29% 28.87% 22.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,450 16,934 14,437
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £306
90th Percentile £688 £656 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 240 334 280
Median hourly rate £33.61 £23.98 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.17% +19.89% -2.44%
10th Percentile £15.00 £13.00 £12.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £69.63 £72.63
Median hourly rate £29.00 £22.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year +28.89% +18.42% -

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 15 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 15 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 15 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 195 £525 -4.55% 27
South East -13 89 £550 +10.00% 48
Midlands +49 44 £500 -1.23% 8
North of England +67 43 £525 +5.00% 20
West Midlands +40 35 £519 -4.60% 6
South West +72 27 £500 -4.76% 9
Yorkshire +67 22 £550 +10.00% 3
North West +51 18 £450 -12.15% 14
East of England +54 15 £475 -20.83% 5
East Midlands +61 9 £500 +11.11% 2
North East +29 3 £525 +9.38% 3
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 15 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 317 (74.94%) PaaS
2 301 (71.16%) Azure
3 184 (43.50%) DevOps
4 183 (43.26%) Microsoft
5 157 (37.12%) SaaS
6 135 (31.91%) Windows
7 119 (28.13%) Agile Software Development
8 112 (26.48%) AWS
9 106 (25.06%) Migration
10 102 (24.11%) PowerShell
11 88 (20.80%) SQL
12 79 (18.68%) Active Directory
13 77 (18.20%) Firewall
14 76 (17.97%) Linux
15 72 (17.02%) Terraform
16 69 (16.31%) DNS
17 62 (14.66%) Finance
18 61 (14.42%) Business Intelligence
19 60 (14.18%) Continuous Integration
20 58 (13.71%) Office 365
20 58 (13.71%) Ansible
21 57 (13.48%) Public Cloud
22 56 (13.24%) VMware
23 54 (12.77%) Kubernetes
24 51 (12.06%) Security Cleared
25 49 (11.58%) Docker
26 46 (10.87%) Python
27 45 (10.64%) SQL Server
27 45 (10.64%) Java
28 44 (10.40%) Analytics

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (4.26%) SharePoint
2 13 (3.07%) Skype for Business
3 12 (2.84%) Confluence
4 6 (1.42%) CMS
4 6 (1.42%) IIS
4 6 (1.42%) OpenStack
5 5 (1.18%) Apache
5 5 (1.18%) MS Exchange
6 3 (0.71%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
6 3 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 2 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
7 2 (0.47%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (0.47%) JBoss
7 2 (0.47%) Jetty
7 2 (0.47%) Office Communications Server
7 2 (0.47%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.24%) Apache Solr
8 1 (0.24%) NetWeaver
8 1 (0.24%) nginx
8 1 (0.24%) WordPress
Applications
1 23 (5.44%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.71%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.24%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
1 4 (0.95%) Elite 3E
2 3 (0.71%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.47%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (0.47%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.47%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.47%) Siebel CRM
3 2 (0.47%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 317 (74.94%) PaaS
2 301 (71.16%) Azure
3 157 (37.12%) SaaS
4 112 (26.48%) AWS
5 58 (13.71%) Office 365
6 41 (9.69%) GCP
7 40 (9.46%) Power Platform
8 30 (7.09%) Azure Active Directory
9 23 (5.44%) Serverless
10 17 (4.02%) AWS CloudFormation
11 16 (3.78%) Stackdriver
12 12 (2.84%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 12 (2.84%) Azure Functions
12 12 (2.84%) GitHub
13 11 (2.60%) Cloud Computing
14 10 (2.36%) Logic Apps
14 10 (2.36%) Slack
15 8 (1.89%) AWS Lambda
15 8 (1.89%) OneDrive
15 8 (1.89%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 77 (18.20%) Firewall
2 69 (16.31%) DNS
3 35 (8.27%) VPN
4 31 (7.33%) WAN
5 26 (6.15%) DHCP
6 21 (4.96%) Network Security
7 16 (3.78%) Skype
7 16 (3.78%) Wireless
8 15 (3.55%) DMZ
8 15 (3.55%) SAN
8 15 (3.55%) TCP/IP
9 13 (3.07%) Internet
10 12 (2.84%) MPLS
11 10 (2.36%) Intranet
11 10 (2.36%) LAN
12 7 (1.65%) BGP
12 7 (1.65%) NetScaler
12 7 (1.65%) OSPF
13 6 (1.42%) SMTP
13 6 (1.42%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (10.64%) SQL Server
2 37 (8.75%) Power BI
3 35 (8.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 27 (6.38%) Azure SQL Database
5 25 (5.91%) MySQL
6 21 (4.96%) HDInsight
7 20 (4.73%) Data Lake
8 19 (4.49%) PostgreSQL
9 15 (3.55%) Data Warehouse
10 12 (2.84%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
10 12 (2.84%) Hadoop
11 11 (2.60%) Big Data
11 11 (2.60%) SQL Server 2016
12 10 (2.36%) Cosmos DB
13 9 (2.13%) NoSQL
14 8 (1.89%) MongoDB
14 8 (1.89%) Oracle Database
15 7 (1.65%) BigQuery
15 7 (1.65%) Relational Database
16 5 (1.18%) Bigtable
Development Applications
1 43 (10.17%) Jenkins
2 37 (8.75%) Git (software)
3 28 (6.62%) Visual Studio
4 25 (5.91%) JIRA
5 17 (4.02%) GitLab
6 11 (2.60%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
7 9 (2.13%) Artifactory
8 7 (1.65%) Cucumber
8 7 (1.65%) Cypress.io
8 7 (1.65%) Jasmine
8 7 (1.65%) WebDriver
9 6 (1.42%) Team Foundation Server
9 6 (1.42%) Visual Studio Team System
10 5 (1.18%) TeamCity
11 4 (0.95%) Grunt
11 4 (0.95%) gulp
11 4 (0.95%) Sonatype Nexus
11 4 (0.95%) Subversion
11 4 (0.95%) webpack
12 3 (0.71%) JMeter
General
1 62 (14.66%) Finance
2 35 (8.27%) Public Sector
3 27 (6.38%) Manufacturing
4 24 (5.67%) Telecoms
5 18 (4.26%) Banking
6 17 (4.02%) Marketing
7 16 (3.78%) Electronics
8 7 (1.65%) Front Office
8 7 (1.65%) Investment Banking
9 6 (1.42%) Law
9 6 (1.42%) Pharmaceutical
9 6 (1.42%) Retail
10 4 (0.95%) French Language
10 4 (0.95%) Spanish Language
11 3 (0.71%) German Language
11 3 (0.71%) Legal
12 2 (0.47%) Advertising
12 2 (0.47%) Financial Institution
12 2 (0.47%) Games
13 1 (0.24%) Billing
Job Titles
1 132 (31.21%) Architect
2 56 (13.24%) DevOps Engineer
3 45 (10.64%) Azure Engineer
4 39 (9.22%) Solutions Architect
5 35 (8.27%) Azure Architect
6 34 (8.04%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 31 (7.33%) Developer
8 30 (7.09%) Cloud Architect
8 30 (7.09%) Cloud Engineer
9 24 (5.67%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 24 (5.67%) Windows Engineer
10 23 (5.44%) Consultant
11 20 (4.73%) Office 365 Engineer
12 18 (4.26%) Security Architect
12 18 (4.26%) Technical Architect
13 17 (4.02%) Azure DevOps
14 16 (3.78%) Azure Consultant
15 13 (3.07%) Linux Engineer
16 12 (2.84%) AWS Engineer
17 11 (2.60%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (8.75%) .NET
2 21 (4.96%) Web Services
3 16 (3.78%) AngularJS
3 16 (3.78%) Middleware
4 15 (3.55%) REST
5 14 (3.31%) JSON
5 14 (3.31%) React
5 14 (3.31%) Velocity
6 11 (2.60%) .NET Core
7 10 (2.36%) RESTful
8 9 (2.13%) HTML
8 9 (2.13%) XML
9 8 (1.89%) Gherkin
9 8 (1.89%) HTML5
9 8 (1.89%) Node.js
10 7 (1.65%) CSS
10 7 (1.65%) LDAP
10 7 (1.65%) OAuth
10 7 (1.65%) OpenID
10 7 (1.65%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 57 (13.48%) Public Cloud
2 43 (10.17%) Data Centre
3 24 (5.67%) Hybrid Cloud
4 22 (5.20%) PKI
5 18 (4.26%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (4.26%) Replication
6 15 (3.55%) Management Information System
7 14 (3.31%) Social Media
8 13 (3.07%) Cloud Native
9 12 (2.84%) User Experience
10 11 (2.60%) Self-Motivation
11 10 (2.36%) Private Cloud
12 9 (2.13%) Clustering
12 9 (2.13%) Enterprise Software
13 8 (1.89%) Client/Server
13 8 (1.89%) Virtual Team
14 7 (1.65%) FMCG
15 5 (1.18%) Derivative
15 5 (1.18%) Mainframe
16 4 (0.95%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 135 (31.91%) Windows
2 76 (17.97%) Linux
3 38 (8.98%) Windows Server
4 30 (7.09%) Unix
5 29 (6.86%) Windows 10
6 16 (3.78%) Windows Server 2016
7 13 (3.07%) Windows Server 2012
8 10 (2.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 9 (2.13%) Windows Server 2008
10 8 (1.89%) VMS
10 8 (1.89%) Windows Server 2019
11 3 (0.71%) CentOS
12 2 (0.47%) Android
12 2 (0.47%) Apple iOS
12 2 (0.47%) Oracle Linux
12 2 (0.47%) Solaris
12 2 (0.47%) SUSE
12 2 (0.47%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.24%) Amazon Linux
13 1 (0.24%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 184 (43.50%) DevOps
2 119 (28.13%) Agile Software Development
3 106 (25.06%) Migration
4 61 (14.42%) Business Intelligence
5 60 (14.18%) Continuous Integration
6 44 (10.40%) Analytics
6 44 (10.40%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 44 (10.40%) Test Automation
7 43 (10.17%) Infrastructure as Code
8 41 (9.69%) Continuous Delivery
9 38 (8.98%) Microservices
10 34 (8.04%) Data Management
11 30 (7.09%) Scrum
12 24 (5.67%) Configuration Management
12 24 (5.67%) Open Source
12 24 (5.67%) Problem-Solving
12 24 (5.67%) Project Delivery
13 23 (5.44%) Data Modelling
13 23 (5.44%) High Availability
13 23 (5.44%) Technical Leadership
Programming Languages
1 102 (24.11%) PowerShell
2 88 (20.80%) SQL
3 46 (10.87%) Python
4 45 (10.64%) Java
5 28 (6.62%) C#
6 24 (5.67%) JavaScript
7 16 (3.78%) Perl
7 16 (3.78%) Shell Script
8 13 (3.07%) Ruby
9 12 (2.84%) Bash Shell
10 9 (2.13%) C
10 9 (2.13%) TypeScript
11 7 (1.65%) T-SQL
12 5 (1.18%) Go
12 5 (1.18%) Groovy
13 4 (0.95%) ES6
13 4 (0.95%) PHP
13 4 (0.95%) PL/SQL
14 3 (0.71%) VBScript
15 2 (0.47%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
Qualifications
1 51 (12.06%) Security Cleared
2 31 (7.33%) SC Cleared
3 27 (6.38%) Degree
4 16 (3.78%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (3.55%) DV Cleared
6 14 (3.31%) Microsoft Certification
7 12 (2.84%) AWS Certification
8 9 (2.13%) Cisco Certification
9 7 (1.65%) CISSP
10 6 (1.42%) CCNA
11 5 (1.18%) MCSE
12 4 (0.95%) TOGAF Certification
12 4 (0.95%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 3 (0.71%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 3 (0.71%) ITIL Certification
14 2 (0.47%) CCNP
14 2 (0.47%) CISM
14 2 (0.47%) JNCIE
14 2 (0.47%) JNCIP
14 2 (0.47%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (4.02%) GDPR
2 16 (3.78%) QA
3 7 (1.65%) GxP
3 7 (1.65%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 6 (1.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.71%) SLA
6 2 (0.47%) HL7
6 2 (0.47%) NIST
7 1 (0.24%) COBIT
7 1 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 1 (0.24%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.24%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.24%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 79 (18.68%) Active Directory
2 49 (11.58%) Docker
3 37 (8.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (7.33%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (3.78%) vSphere
6 15 (3.55%) VMware ESXi
7 14 (3.31%) VMware NSX
8 13 (3.07%) Hyper-V
9 8 (1.89%) Virtual Servers
10 7 (1.65%) XenApp
11 5 (1.18%) Virtual Desktop
12 4 (0.95%) XenDesktop
13 3 (0.71%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 3 (0.71%) Oracle RAC
13 3 (0.71%) vCloud
14 2 (0.47%) NFS
14 2 (0.47%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 1 (0.24%) KVM
15 1 (0.24%) Terminal Services
15 1 (0.24%) UAG
Systems Management
1 72 (17.02%) Terraform
2 58 (13.71%) Ansible
3 54 (12.77%) Kubernetes
4 33 (7.80%) Microsoft Intune
5 23 (5.44%) Opscode Chef
5 23 (5.44%) Puppet
6 17 (4.02%) SCCM
7 12 (2.84%) Single Sign-On
8 7 (1.65%) Data Guard
8 7 (1.65%) vCenter Server
9 6 (1.42%) Salt
9 6 (1.42%) SCOM
10 5 (1.18%) Norton AntiVirus
10 5 (1.18%) Packer
11 4 (0.95%) AirWatch
11 4 (0.95%) vRealize
11 4 (0.95%) vRealize Orchestrator
12 3 (0.71%) Istio
12 3 (0.71%) McAfee ePO
12 3 (0.71%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 183 (43.26%) Microsoft
2 56 (13.24%) VMware
3 37 (8.75%) Cisco
4 29 (6.86%) Google
5 25 (5.91%) SAP
6 23 (5.44%) Oracle
7 22 (5.20%) Informatica
8 17 (4.02%) Splunk
9 16 (3.78%) Citrix
10 12 (2.84%) Symantec
10 12 (2.84%) Tableau
11 10 (2.36%) Hortonworks
11 10 (2.36%) SaltStack
12 9 (2.13%) Dynatrace
12 9 (2.13%) HP
12 9 (2.13%) Red Hat
13 8 (1.89%) Reuters
14 7 (1.65%) Dell
14 7 (1.65%) NetApp
14 7 (1.65%) Palo Alto