Period
to 18 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 18 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
18 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 166 214 199
Rank change year-on-year +48 -15 +47
Contract jobs citing IaaS 719 551 1,244
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.58% 1.24% 1.48%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.56% 4.02% 5.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 454 349 857
10th Percentile £400 £365 £400
25th Percentile £428 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year -2.38% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £605 £625 £625
90th Percentile £700 £702 £700
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 2 7
10th Percentile £14.00 £15.73 £60.40
25th Percentile £38.38 £20.94 £71.75
Median hourly rate £59.50 £29.75 £82.50
Median % change year-on-year +100.00% -63.94% +50.00%
75th Percentile £62.25 £38.44 £83.75
90th Percentile £63.08 £43.58 "
UK median hourly rate £60.00 £29.75 £81.25
% change year-on-year +101.68% -63.38% +47.73%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 15,761 13,718 23,741
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.61% 30.96% 28.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,390 9,767 16,768
10th Percentile £315 £300 £313
25th Percentile £413 £400 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £599 £600 £588
90th Percentile £675 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 255 214 235
10th Percentile £11.40 £12.66 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.26 £16.50 £14.00
Median hourly rate £21.05 £20.00 £18.75
Median % change year-on-year +5.25% +6.67% -1.03%
75th Percentile £40.00 £39.31 £33.89
90th Percentile £61.70 £55.88 £49.93
UK median hourly rate £21.86 £20.00 £18.73
% change year-on-year +9.30% +6.81% +6.91%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 18 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +42 418 £500 -9.09% 118
South East -9 75 £455 -14.15% 62
North of England +27 70 £525 +10.47% 58
Midlands +16 54 £525 +1.20% 38
Yorkshire +28 38 £519 +3.75% 14
West Midlands +3 36 £525 - 28
North West +7 23 £519 +15.28% 37
South West +29 20 £485 -3.00% 17
East of England +21 16 £530 -14.52% 25
East Midlands +19 14 £475 -5.00% 10
North East +23 9 £588 +11.90% 7
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 18 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 539 (74.97%) PaaS
2 455 (63.28%) Azure
3 323 (44.92%) DevOps
4 263 (36.58%) AWS
5 219 (30.46%) Agile Software Development
6 217 (30.18%) SaaS
7 192 (26.70%) Microsoft
8 170 (23.64%) Terraform
9 164 (22.81%) Windows
10 161 (22.39%) Linux
11 138 (19.19%) Finance
12 135 (18.78%) Kubernetes
13 134 (18.64%) PowerShell
14 132 (18.36%) Social Skills
15 124 (17.25%) Ansible
16 120 (16.69%) Infrastructure as Code
17 114 (15.86%) Docker
18 112 (15.58%) SQL
19 111 (15.44%) Microservices
20 110 (15.30%) GCP
20 110 (15.30%) Active Directory
21 108 (15.02%) Migration
21 108 (15.02%) Public Cloud
22 101 (14.05%) VMware
22 101 (14.05%) Python
23 96 (13.35%) Java
24 92 (12.80%) Microsoft 365
25 83 (11.54%) Security Cleared
26 82 (11.40%) Git (software)
27 81 (11.27%) Jenkins

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (6.40%) SharePoint
2 30 (4.17%) Confluence
3 13 (1.81%) Cloud Foundry
3 13 (1.81%) OpenStack
4 12 (1.67%) WebSphere
5 11 (1.53%) IIS
5 11 (1.53%) MS Exchange
5 11 (1.53%) Tomcat
6 9 (1.25%) Apache
6 9 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
7 7 (0.97%) JBoss
7 7 (0.97%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 5 (0.70%) nginx
8 5 (0.70%) Skype for Business
9 4 (0.56%) Apache Spark
9 4 (0.56%) CMS
9 4 (0.56%) NetWeaver
9 4 (0.56%) WebLogic
9 4 (0.56%) WebSphere Application Server
10 3 (0.42%) Drupal
Applications
1 20 (2.78%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.97%) Microsoft Project
3 4 (0.56%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 7 (0.97%) Sentinel
2 6 (0.83%) SAP ERP
3 3 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.42%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.42%) Primavera
4 1 (0.14%) iTrent
4 1 (0.14%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.14%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 539 (74.97%) PaaS
2 455 (63.28%) Azure
3 263 (36.58%) AWS
4 217 (30.18%) SaaS
5 110 (15.30%) GCP
6 92 (12.80%) Microsoft 365
7 77 (10.71%) Serverless
8 69 (9.60%) Azure Active Directory
9 45 (6.26%) GitHub
10 35 (4.87%) Cloud Computing
11 31 (4.31%) OpenShift
12 27 (3.76%) AWS Lambda
13 25 (3.48%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 22 (3.06%) Azure Functions
15 21 (2.92%) AWS CloudFormation
16 20 (2.78%) Boomi
17 16 (2.23%) Azure ExpressRoute
18 15 (2.09%) Azure Logic Apps
19 14 (1.95%) Amazon EC2
20 13 (1.81%) Azure Service Fabric
Communications & Networking
1 78 (10.85%) Firewall
2 48 (6.68%) DNS
3 40 (5.56%) WAN
4 33 (4.59%) VPN
5 23 (3.20%) SAN
6 22 (3.06%) LAN
7 21 (2.92%) DHCP
7 21 (2.92%) Wireless
8 20 (2.78%) Internet
8 20 (2.78%) NAS
8 20 (2.78%) Network Security
9 17 (2.36%) HTTP
9 17 (2.36%) SSL
9 17 (2.36%) TCP/IP
10 15 (2.09%) Cisco Nexus
11 13 (1.81%) VSAN
12 12 (1.67%) Kerberos
12 12 (1.67%) Unified Communications
13 10 (1.39%) Intranet
13 10 (1.39%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 67 (9.32%) SQL Server
2 36 (5.01%) NoSQL
3 30 (4.17%) Azure SQL Database
4 29 (4.03%) Big Data
5 24 (3.34%) MongoDB
6 22 (3.06%) PostgreSQL
7 18 (2.50%) Hadoop
8 17 (2.36%) Relational Database
9 15 (2.09%) BigQuery
10 14 (1.95%) DB2
10 14 (1.95%) MySQL
11 12 (1.67%) Data Lake
12 8 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 8 (1.11%) Looker
13 7 (0.97%) Data Warehouse
14 5 (0.70%) Amazon RDS
15 4 (0.56%) HBase
15 4 (0.56%) SAP HANA
15 4 (0.56%) SQL Server 2012
15 4 (0.56%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 82 (11.40%) Git (software)
2 81 (11.27%) Jenkins
3 41 (5.70%) JIRA
4 21 (2.92%) GitLab
5 20 (2.78%) Maven
6 18 (2.50%) Sonatype Nexus
7 16 (2.23%) Bitbucket
7 16 (2.23%) Cucumber
8 13 (1.81%) SonarQube
8 13 (1.81%) Subversion
9 12 (1.67%) Gradle
9 12 (1.67%) Visual Studio
10 11 (1.53%) TeamCity
11 9 (1.25%) Octopus Deploy
11 9 (1.25%) webpack
12 8 (1.11%) gulp
12 8 (1.11%) Selenium
13 6 (0.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 6 (0.83%) JMeter
14 5 (0.70%) Vagrant
General
1 138 (19.19%) Finance
2 132 (18.36%) Social Skills
3 75 (10.43%) Public Sector
4 43 (5.98%) Manufacturing
4 43 (5.98%) Marketing
5 42 (5.84%) Telecoms
6 39 (5.42%) Banking
7 34 (4.73%) Analytical Skills
8 33 (4.59%) Electronics
9 18 (2.50%) Influencing Skills
10 15 (2.09%) Presentation Skills
11 13 (1.81%) Documentation Skills
12 8 (1.11%) Retail
13 6 (0.83%) Law
13 6 (0.83%) Legal
14 5 (0.70%) Billing
15 4 (0.56%) Organisational Skills
15 4 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
16 3 (0.42%) International Banking
16 3 (0.42%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 227 (31.57%) Architect
2 97 (13.49%) DevOps Engineer
3 91 (12.66%) Azure Engineer
4 78 (10.85%) Solutions Architect
5 69 (9.60%) Developer
6 66 (9.18%) Cloud Architect
7 63 (8.76%) Cloud Engineer
8 59 (8.21%) Azure Architect
9 45 (6.26%) Consultant
10 42 (5.84%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 39 (5.42%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 33 (4.59%) Azure DevOps
13 29 (4.03%) AWS Engineer
14 28 (3.89%) AWS Architect
14 28 (3.89%) Security Architect
15 26 (3.62%) .NET Developer
16 25 (3.48%) Technical Architect
17 22 (3.06%) Senior Architect
18 20 (2.78%) AWS DevOps
18 20 (2.78%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (10.99%) .NET
2 74 (10.29%) Web Services
3 63 (8.76%) JSON
4 49 (6.82%) Node.js
5 39 (5.42%) REST
6 36 (5.01%) YAML
7 33 (4.59%) .NET Core
7 33 (4.59%) AngularJS
8 23 (3.20%) Spring
9 22 (3.06%) OAuth
10 21 (2.92%) XML
11 20 (2.78%) CSS
11 20 (2.78%) HTML
12 16 (2.23%) Middleware
13 15 (2.09%) Ruby on Rails
14 14 (1.95%) Spring Boot
15 13 (1.81%) Vue.js
16 12 (1.67%) LDAP
16 12 (1.67%) Microsoft Graph
16 12 (1.67%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 108 (15.02%) Public Cloud
2 72 (10.01%) Data Centre
3 68 (9.46%) Cloud Native
4 54 (7.51%) Hybrid Cloud
5 38 (5.29%) Management Information System
6 30 (4.17%) Private Cloud
7 21 (2.92%) Self-Motivation
8 16 (2.23%) Replication
9 15 (2.09%) Clustering
10 14 (1.95%) CMDB
10 14 (1.95%) Data Structures
10 14 (1.95%) Enterprise Software
11 13 (1.81%) iPad
12 12 (1.67%) AS400
13 10 (1.39%) PKI
14 8 (1.11%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 7 (0.97%) Mobile App
15 7 (0.97%) NHS
15 7 (0.97%) User Experience
16 6 (0.83%) Cybercrime
Operating Systems
1 164 (22.81%) Windows
2 161 (22.39%) Linux
3 50 (6.95%) Windows Server
4 36 (5.01%) Unix
5 35 (4.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 21 (2.92%) Windows Server 2016
7 15 (2.09%) VMS
8 14 (1.95%) Windows Server 2008
8 14 (1.95%) Windows Server 2019
9 13 (1.81%) Solaris
9 13 (1.81%) Windows 10
9 13 (1.81%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (1.11%) Apple iOS
10 8 (1.11%) Mac OS X
11 7 (0.97%) Debian
12 6 (0.83%) Ubuntu
12 6 (0.83%) Windows Server 2003
13 5 (0.70%) CentOS
13 5 (0.70%) Windows 2000
14 4 (0.56%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 323 (44.92%) DevOps
2 219 (30.46%) Agile Software Development
3 120 (16.69%) Infrastructure as Code
4 111 (15.44%) Microservices
5 108 (15.02%) Migration
6 73 (10.15%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 65 (9.04%) Software Engineering
8 64 (8.90%) Continuous Integration
9 61 (8.48%) TOGAF
10 56 (7.79%) Configuration Management
11 51 (7.09%) Scrum
12 50 (6.95%) Business Intelligence
13 48 (6.68%) Security Architecture
13 48 (6.68%) Test Automation
14 47 (6.54%) Information Security
14 47 (6.54%) Problem-Solving
15 45 (6.26%) High Availability
16 43 (5.98%) Disaster Recovery
16 43 (5.98%) Enterprise Architecture
17 42 (5.84%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 134 (18.64%) PowerShell
2 112 (15.58%) SQL
3 101 (14.05%) Python
4 96 (13.35%) Java
5 55 (7.65%) JavaScript
6 54 (7.51%) Bash Shell
7 48 (6.68%) C#
8 25 (3.48%) Go
8 25 (3.48%) Ruby
9 15 (2.09%) Perl
10 10 (1.39%) C
10 10 (1.39%) C++
10 10 (1.39%) PHP
10 10 (1.39%) TypeScript
11 9 (1.25%) Scala
12 8 (1.11%) Java 8
13 6 (0.83%) Ada
13 6 (0.83%) Shell Script
13 6 (0.83%) VB
14 4 (0.56%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 83 (11.54%) Security Cleared
2 69 (9.60%) SC Cleared
3 29 (4.03%) Degree
4 22 (3.06%) CISSP
5 18 (2.50%) CISM
6 14 (1.95%) Microsoft Certification
7 12 (1.67%) Cisco Certification
8 10 (1.39%) CRISC
8 10 (1.39%) DV Cleared
9 9 (1.25%) CESG Certified Professional
9 9 (1.25%) PMP
9 9 (1.25%) TOGAF Certification
10 8 (1.11%) AWS Certification
11 7 (0.97%) Computer Science Degree
12 5 (0.70%) FFIEC
12 5 (0.70%) RHCE
12 5 (0.70%) RHCSA
13 4 (0.56%) CCNA
13 4 (0.56%) MCSE
13 4 (0.56%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (4.45%) QA
2 25 (3.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 23 (3.20%) GDPR
4 14 (1.95%) NIST
5 10 (1.39%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 10 (1.39%) SLA
6 7 (0.97%) Cyber Essentials
6 7 (0.97%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.97%) NCSC
6 7 (0.97%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.83%) NIST 800
7 6 (0.83%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 5 (0.70%) COBIT
8 5 (0.70%) HIPAA
8 5 (0.70%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 4 (0.56%) JSP 440
9 4 (0.56%) PMO
10 3 (0.42%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 2 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
11 2 (0.28%) SOC 2
System Software
1 114 (15.86%) Docker
2 110 (15.30%) Active Directory
3 75 (10.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (3.62%) Hyper-V
5 25 (3.48%) vSphere
6 19 (2.64%) VMware ESXi
7 17 (2.36%) Virtual Machines
8 13 (1.81%) Virtual Desktop
8 13 (1.81%) VMware NSX
9 9 (1.25%) NFS
10 8 (1.11%) Xen
10 8 (1.11%) XenApp
11 6 (0.83%) KVM
11 6 (0.83%) RACF
11 6 (0.83%) XenDesktop
12 5 (0.70%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.70%) PowerHA
13 4 (0.56%) Veritas File System
13 4 (0.56%) Veritas Volume Manager
14 3 (0.42%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 170 (23.64%) Terraform
2 135 (18.78%) Kubernetes
3 124 (17.25%) Ansible
4 47 (6.54%) Puppet
5 40 (5.56%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (4.31%) Microsoft Intune
7 21 (2.92%) SCCM
7 21 (2.92%) vRealize
8 15 (2.09%) vRealize Orchestrator
9 14 (1.95%) Tivoli
10 13 (1.81%) Prometheus
11 12 (1.67%) Packer
12 9 (1.25%) Grafana
12 9 (1.25%) vCenter Server
13 8 (1.11%) Single Sign-On
14 7 (0.97%) Istio
14 7 (0.97%) MIIS
14 7 (0.97%) Red Hat Satellite
14 7 (0.97%) SCOM
15 6 (0.83%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 192 (26.70%) Microsoft
2 101 (14.05%) VMware
3 74 (10.29%) Oracle
4 72 (10.01%) Google
5 53 (7.37%) SAP
6 52 (7.23%) Cisco
7 43 (5.98%) Red Hat
8 36 (5.01%) Dell
9 32 (4.45%) IBM
10 26 (3.62%) Citrix
11 19 (2.64%) EMC
11 19 (2.64%) Splunk
12 16 (2.23%) BMC
13 15 (2.09%) NetApp
14 13 (1.81%) CA
14 13 (1.81%) HP
15 12 (1.67%) New Relic
16 9 (1.25%) Palo Alto
17 8 (1.11%) ServiceNow
18 7 (0.97%) F5