Period
to 17 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 17 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 199 248 296
Rank change year-on-year +49 +48 +18
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,145 1,001 715
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.38% 1.10% 0.85%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.87% 5.09% 5.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 776 693 513
England median daily rate £525 £510 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +2.00% -
10th Percentile £400 £375 £355
90th Percentile £688 £660 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 1 11
England median hourly rate £81.25 £55.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +47.73% +10.00% +194.12%
10th Percentile £40.10 £52.50 £42.50
90th Percentile £86.83 £57.50 £65.00
UK median hourly rate £81.25 £55.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year +47.73% +10.00% +194.12%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 23,517 19,676 12,100
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 28.40% 21.67% 14.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,242 13,490 8,360
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £313 £310 £280
90th Percentile £660 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 305 275 168
England median hourly rate £23.50 £20.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.50% +5.26% -3.11%
10th Percentile £12.74 £12.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £65.10 £58.25 £58.89
UK median hourly rate £22.42 £19.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year +17.99% - -3.11%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 17 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +45 532 £548 -0.45% 23
South East +98 361 £525 +7.69% 15
North of England -11 95 £500 +11.11% 12
Midlands -8 82 £500 +5.26% 15
West Midlands -13 68 £533 +12.16% 10
South West -4 57 £525 +1.20% 1
North West -2 43 £500 - 6
Yorkshire -9 32 £500 +11.11% 5
East of England +13 22 £613 +22.50% 7
North East +5 20 £488 +23.42% 1
East Midlands +7 10 £450 - 5
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 17 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 890 (77.73%) Microsoft Azure
2 842 (73.54%) PaaS
3 432 (37.73%) DevOps
4 430 (37.55%) Microsoft
5 373 (32.58%) SaaS
6 367 (32.05%) Amazon AWS
7 359 (31.35%) Agile Software Development
8 316 (27.60%) Windows
9 292 (25.50%) PowerShell
10 224 (19.56%) Active Directory
11 200 (17.47%) Migration
12 199 (17.38%) SQL
13 198 (17.29%) Finance
14 187 (16.33%) Linux
15 156 (13.62%) Continuous Integration
16 155 (13.54%) Visual Studio Team System
17 153 (13.36%) Office 365
18 144 (12.58%) Public Cloud
18 144 (12.58%) Firewall
19 142 (12.40%) Security Cleared
20 137 (11.97%) VMware
21 136 (11.88%) JSON
21 136 (11.88%) DNS
22 133 (11.62%) Terraform
23 128 (11.18%) Jenkins
24 125 (10.92%) Docker
25 124 (10.83%) Python
26 121 (10.57%) Continuous Delivery
26 121 (10.57%) Windows Server
27 118 (10.31%) Java

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (3.84%) IIS
2 39 (3.41%) Skype for Business
3 33 (2.88%) OpenStack
4 29 (2.53%) SharePoint
5 22 (1.92%) CMS
6 21 (1.83%) MS Exchange
7 19 (1.66%) Exchange Server 2013
8 15 (1.31%) JBoss
9 14 (1.22%) Confluence
10 13 (1.14%) Umbraco
11 12 (1.05%) WebLogic
12 11 (0.96%) Apache
12 11 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
13 7 (0.61%) WebSphere
14 6 (0.52%) Elasticsearch
14 6 (0.52%) Tomcat
15 5 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 4 (0.35%) Apache Spark
16 4 (0.35%) BizTalk Server
16 4 (0.35%) MS Project Server
Applications
1 45 (3.93%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.44%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.35%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.17%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.087%) Blender
6 1 (0.087%) Maya
6 1 (0.087%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 13 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (1.05%) Endur
3 7 (0.61%) Oracle EBS
3 7 (0.61%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.087%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.087%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.087%) SAP WM
Cloud Services
1 890 (77.73%) Microsoft Azure
2 842 (73.54%) PaaS
3 373 (32.58%) SaaS
4 367 (32.05%) Amazon AWS
5 153 (13.36%) Office 365
6 117 (10.22%) Azure Active Directory
7 75 (6.55%) Google Cloud Platform
8 66 (5.76%) OpenShift
9 60 (5.24%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 37 (3.23%) Serverless
11 36 (3.14%) Power Platform
12 31 (2.71%) AWS CloudFormation
13 29 (2.53%) Dynamics 365
14 24 (2.10%) Boomi
15 21 (1.83%) Azure Stack
16 19 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
17 18 (1.57%) Amazon ECS
18 16 (1.40%) Azure Data Factory
18 16 (1.40%) Azure Functions
19 13 (1.14%) Loggly
Communications & Networking
1 144 (12.58%) Firewall
2 136 (11.88%) DNS
3 53 (4.63%) VPN
4 51 (4.45%) DHCP
5 48 (4.19%) SAN
6 45 (3.93%) WAN
7 44 (3.84%) LAN
8 36 (3.14%) Fibre Channel
8 36 (3.14%) iSCSI
9 31 (2.71%) VSAN
10 30 (2.62%) Skype
10 30 (2.62%) TCP/IP
11 29 (2.53%) VLAN
12 28 (2.45%) Network Security
13 27 (2.36%) Cisco ASA
14 19 (1.66%) Cisco Nexus
14 19 (1.66%) Internet
15 17 (1.48%) Wireless
16 13 (1.14%) BGP
16 13 (1.14%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 113 (9.87%) SQL Server
2 56 (4.89%) Azure SQL Database
3 37 (3.23%) Big Data
4 35 (3.06%) Data Lake
4 35 (3.06%) Data Warehouse
4 35 (3.06%) Power BI
4 35 (3.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 31 (2.71%) Redis
6 23 (2.01%) MySQL
7 22 (1.92%) Oracle Database
8 20 (1.75%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 18 (1.57%) NoSQL
10 15 (1.31%) HDInsight
10 15 (1.31%) Oracle Database 12c
10 15 (1.31%) Relational Database
11 14 (1.22%) PostgreSQL
12 11 (0.96%) Amazon RDS
13 10 (0.87%) Hadoop
14 9 (0.79%) BigQuery
14 9 (0.79%) Bigtable
Development Applications
1 155 (13.54%) Visual Studio Team System
2 128 (11.18%) Jenkins
3 85 (7.42%) Git (software)
4 63 (5.50%) Visual Studio
5 47 (4.10%) Team Foundation Server
6 36 (3.14%) JIRA
7 28 (2.45%) TeamCity
8 27 (2.36%) Octopus Deploy
9 22 (1.92%) Bower
10 20 (1.75%) MSI
11 19 (1.66%) Grunt
12 18 (1.57%) Bitbucket
13 17 (1.48%) SpecFlow
14 16 (1.40%) Selenium
14 16 (1.40%) Sonatype Nexus
15 14 (1.22%) WiX
16 12 (1.05%) Babel
16 12 (1.05%) GitLab
16 12 (1.05%) JMeter
16 12 (1.05%) webpack
General
1 198 (17.29%) Finance
2 67 (5.85%) Banking
3 42 (3.67%) Telecoms
4 41 (3.58%) Billing
5 24 (2.10%) Marketing
6 17 (1.48%) Manufacturing
7 16 (1.40%) Electronics
8 15 (1.31%) Financial Institution
9 13 (1.14%) Retail
10 11 (0.96%) Legal
11 10 (0.87%) Advertising
11 10 (0.87%) Investment Banking
12 9 (0.79%) Games
13 7 (0.61%) Multimedia
14 6 (0.52%) Law
15 4 (0.35%) Local Government
15 4 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
16 3 (0.26%) French Language
16 3 (0.26%) Military
16 3 (0.26%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 374 (32.66%) Architect
2 178 (15.55%) Azure Engineer
3 166 (14.50%) DevOps Engineer
4 130 (11.35%) Azure Architect
5 110 (9.61%) Consultant
6 104 (9.08%) Azure DevOps
7 98 (8.56%) Cloud Architect
8 83 (7.25%) Cloud Engineer
9 82 (7.16%) Technical Architect
10 81 (7.07%) Developer
11 75 (6.55%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 72 (6.29%) Solutions Architect
13 54 (4.72%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 48 (4.19%) Azure Consultant
15 42 (3.67%) Infrastructure Architect
16 34 (2.97%) AWS Engineer
17 33 (2.88%) Enterprise Architect
18 32 (2.79%) .NET Developer
19 31 (2.71%) Senior Architect
20 29 (2.53%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 136 (11.88%) JSON
2 104 (9.08%) .NET
3 46 (4.02%) Middleware
4 42 (3.67%) Web Services
5 41 (3.58%) HTML
5 41 (3.58%) XML
6 40 (3.49%) Swagger
7 35 (3.06%) .NET Core
7 35 (3.06%) ASP.NET
8 34 (2.97%) RESTful
9 31 (2.71%) Node.js
10 29 (2.53%) .NET Framework
11 28 (2.45%) CSS
11 28 (2.45%) jQuery
12 27 (2.36%) OAuth
13 25 (2.18%) HTML5
13 25 (2.18%) SOAP
14 21 (1.83%) REST
15 20 (1.75%) OAuth2
16 19 (1.66%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 144 (12.58%) Public Cloud
2 90 (7.86%) Data Centre
3 83 (7.25%) Hybrid Cloud
4 56 (4.89%) Private Cloud
5 47 (4.10%) Analytical Skills
6 39 (3.41%) Clustering
7 29 (2.53%) Replication
8 26 (2.27%) Linux Command Line
9 19 (1.66%) Cloud Native
10 18 (1.57%) Enterprise Software
11 17 (1.48%) Management Information System
12 15 (1.31%) Greenfield Project
12 15 (1.31%) Hedge funds
13 13 (1.14%) DataPower
14 10 (0.87%) Enterprise Cloud
14 10 (0.87%) Mobile App
14 10 (0.87%) PKI
15 9 (0.79%) User Experience
15 9 (0.79%) Virtual Team
16 8 (0.70%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 316 (27.60%) Windows
2 187 (16.33%) Linux
3 121 (10.57%) Windows Server
4 64 (5.59%) Unix
5 56 (4.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 41 (3.58%) Windows Server 2012
7 38 (3.32%) Windows 10
8 23 (2.01%) Windows Server 2008
9 21 (1.83%) CentOS
10 19 (1.66%) Solaris
11 18 (1.57%) VMS
12 16 (1.40%) AIX
13 15 (1.31%) Mac OS
14 10 (0.87%) Ubuntu
15 9 (0.79%) Mac OS X
15 9 (0.79%) Windows 7
16 6 (0.52%) Windows 8
17 5 (0.44%) Android
17 5 (0.44%) Apple iOS
18 1 (0.087%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 432 (37.73%) DevOps
2 359 (31.35%) Agile Software Development
3 200 (17.47%) Migration
4 156 (13.62%) Continuous Integration
5 121 (10.57%) Continuous Delivery
6 98 (8.56%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 98 (8.56%) ITIL
6 98 (8.56%) Test Automation
7 89 (7.77%) Scrum
8 77 (6.72%) Microservices
9 76 (6.64%) Infrastructure as Code
10 72 (6.29%) Load Balancing
11 71 (6.20%) Service Management
12 70 (6.11%) Enterprise Architecture
13 61 (5.33%) Problem-Solving
14 60 (5.24%) Business Intelligence
14 60 (5.24%) TOGAF
15 58 (5.07%) Infrastructure Automation
16 57 (4.98%) Analytics
16 57 (4.98%) Data Management
Programming Languages
1 292 (25.50%) PowerShell
2 199 (17.38%) SQL
3 124 (10.83%) Python
4 118 (10.31%) Java
5 86 (7.51%) C#
6 72 (6.29%) JavaScript
7 33 (2.88%) Bash Shell
7 33 (2.88%) Ruby
8 26 (2.27%) Shell Script
9 19 (1.66%) C
9 19 (1.66%) VB
10 9 (0.79%) Go
11 7 (0.61%) Groovy
12 6 (0.52%) PHP
12 6 (0.52%) R
13 5 (0.44%) C++
13 5 (0.44%) T-SQL
14 4 (0.35%) Perl
15 2 (0.17%) TypeScript
15 2 (0.17%) VBA
Qualifications
1 142 (12.40%) Security Cleared
2 91 (7.95%) SC Cleared
3 36 (3.14%) Degree
4 28 (2.45%) Microsoft Certification
5 22 (1.92%) DV Cleared
6 20 (1.75%) MCSE
7 18 (1.57%) Cisco Certification
8 17 (1.48%) CISSP
9 13 (1.14%) BPSS Clearance
10 10 (0.87%) AWS Certification
10 10 (0.87%) CISM
11 9 (0.79%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 7 (0.61%) CTC Cleared
12 7 (0.61%) ITIL Certification
12 7 (0.61%) SANS
12 7 (0.61%) TOGAF Certification
13 6 (0.52%) CCIE
13 6 (0.52%) CCNP
14 5 (0.44%) CCNA
14 5 (0.44%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (4.10%) QA
2 27 (2.36%) NCSC
3 26 (2.27%) NIST
4 18 (1.57%) WCAG
5 15 (1.31%) GDPR
5 15 (1.31%) PCI DSS
6 9 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (0.79%) SLA
7 8 (0.70%) COBIT
8 6 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (0.35%) PMO
10 3 (0.26%) Data Quality
10 3 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.26%) GxP
10 3 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 2 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.17%) Government Security Classifications
11 2 (0.17%) JSP 440
12 1 (0.087%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 1 (0.087%) PSD2
System Software
1 224 (19.56%) Active Directory
2 125 (10.92%) Docker
3 100 (8.73%) Virtual Machines
4 84 (7.34%) VMware Infrastructure
5 78 (6.81%) Hyper-V
6 53 (4.63%) XenApp
7 37 (3.23%) vSphere
8 28 (2.45%) VMware ESXi
9 22 (1.92%) VMware NSX
9 22 (1.92%) XenDesktop
10 19 (1.66%) Microsoft App-V
11 18 (1.57%) NFS
12 15 (1.31%) Oracle RAC
13 7 (0.61%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 6 (0.52%) vCloud
15 4 (0.35%) HDFS
15 4 (0.35%) Virtual Servers
16 3 (0.26%) Postfix
16 3 (0.26%) VMware Workstation
17 2 (0.17%) NDS
Systems Management
1 133 (11.62%) Terraform
2 117 (10.22%) Ansible
3 112 (9.78%) Kubernetes
4 92 (8.03%) Puppet
5 80 (6.99%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (4.98%) SCCM
7 39 (3.41%) SCOM
8 36 (3.14%) Microsoft Intune
9 33 (2.88%) vRealize
10 31 (2.71%) vCenter Server
11 21 (1.83%) Microsoft Clustering
12 19 (1.66%) Single Sign-On
13 18 (1.57%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
13 18 (1.57%) SCOrch
14 17 (1.48%) Failover Clustering
14 17 (1.48%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 15 (1.31%) QRadar
15 15 (1.31%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
16 14 (1.22%) Data Guard
17 8 (0.70%) Nagios
Vendors
1 430 (37.55%) Microsoft
2 137 (11.97%) VMware
3 81 (7.07%) Citrix
4 79 (6.90%) Oracle
5 69 (6.03%) Cisco
6 66 (5.76%) Google
7 63 (5.50%) Dell
8 58 (5.07%) Red Hat
9 41 (3.58%) CheckPoint
10 40 (3.49%) Splunk
11 39 (3.41%) SAP
12 38 (3.32%) ServiceNow
13 34 (2.97%) EMC
14 32 (2.79%) Salesforce.com
15 28 (2.45%) Symantec
16 27 (2.36%) F5
17 25 (2.18%) IBM
18 17 (1.48%) New Relic
19 14 (1.22%) AppDynamics
19 14 (1.22%) HP