Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 210 262 303
Rank change year-on-year +52 +41 -18
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,070 951 756
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.33% 1.03% 0.84%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.54% 4.46% 5.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 663 632 504
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £385 £363 £353
90th Percentile £705 £643 £656
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 0 8
England median hourly rate £80.00 - £50.00
10th Percentile £35.63 - £40.06
90th Percentile £83.75 - £65.00
UK median hourly rate £80.00 £35.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year +128.57% -30.00% +51.52%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 23,584 21,339 14,312
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.31% 23.09% 15.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,182 14,831 9,900
England median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £300 £306 £275
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £458
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.71% +1.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 366 314 202
England median hourly rate £22.93 £19.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.68% -9.52% +10.53%
10th Percentile £13.50 £11.25 £11.00
90th Percentile £82.50 £69.95 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £21.76 £18.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +20.89% -10.00% +11.11%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +36 482 £550 +4.76% 82
South East +82 344 £525 +16.02% 47
North of England +14 90 £500 +5.26% 38
Midlands +11 77 £506 +6.58% 37
West Midlands +21 64 £506 +6.58% 24
South West +4 45 £550 +7.32% 17
Yorkshire +29 42 £500 +2.56% 14
North West +9 40 £500 +7.82% 24
East of England +19 29 £595 +19.00% 15
East Midlands +8 11 £506 +19.12% 13
North East +21 8 £473 +8.00%
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 800 (74.77%) Azure
2 768 (71.78%) PaaS
3 458 (42.80%) Microsoft
4 439 (41.03%) DevOps
5 401 (37.48%) SaaS
6 330 (30.84%) AWS
7 308 (28.79%) Windows
8 297 (27.76%) Agile Software Development
9 262 (24.49%) PowerShell
10 212 (19.81%) Active Directory
11 210 (19.63%) Migration
12 186 (17.38%) Finance
13 184 (17.20%) Linux
14 170 (15.89%) Security Cleared
15 168 (15.70%) Office 365
16 157 (14.67%) Firewall
17 156 (14.58%) Python
18 152 (14.21%) VMware
19 151 (14.11%) Ansible
20 149 (13.93%) SQL
20 149 (13.93%) Terraform
21 144 (13.46%) DNS
22 135 (12.62%) Azure Active Directory
23 131 (12.24%) Docker
24 128 (11.96%) Kubernetes
25 127 (11.87%) SC Cleared
26 121 (11.31%) Public Cloud
27 117 (10.93%) Visual Studio Team System
28 114 (10.65%) Data Centre
29 113 (10.56%) Windows Server

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (4.49%) SharePoint
2 45 (4.21%) OpenStack
3 30 (2.80%) Skype for Business
4 29 (2.71%) IIS
5 20 (1.87%) MS Exchange
6 13 (1.21%) JBoss
7 11 (1.03%) Confluence
8 9 (0.84%) Exchange Server 2013
9 8 (0.75%) Apache
10 7 (0.65%) CMS
10 7 (0.65%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 6 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
11 6 (0.56%) Exchange Server 2010
11 6 (0.56%) Umbraco
12 5 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 5 (0.47%) Tomcat
12 5 (0.47%) WebSphere
13 4 (0.37%) Elasticsearch
14 3 (0.28%) Apache Spark
14 3 (0.28%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 59 (5.51%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.47%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 9 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
1 9 (0.84%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 7 (0.65%) Eloqua
2 7 (0.65%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (0.65%) Oracle EBS R12
3 4 (0.37%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.19%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.093%) CiviCRM
5 1 (0.093%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.093%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.093%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.093%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 800 (74.77%) Azure
2 768 (71.78%) PaaS
3 401 (37.48%) SaaS
4 330 (30.84%) AWS
5 168 (15.70%) Office 365
6 135 (12.62%) Azure Active Directory
7 80 (7.48%) GCP
8 77 (7.20%) OpenShift
9 61 (5.70%) Power Platform
10 46 (4.30%) Serverless
11 40 (3.74%) AWS CloudFormation
11 40 (3.74%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 31 (2.90%) Dynamics 365
13 24 (2.24%) Cloud Computing
14 20 (1.87%) iPaaS
15 18 (1.68%) Azure Stack
16 17 (1.59%) GitHub
16 17 (1.59%) OneDrive
17 16 (1.50%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 15 (1.40%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 157 (14.67%) Firewall
2 144 (13.46%) DNS
3 88 (8.22%) VPN
4 66 (6.17%) TCP/IP
5 58 (5.42%) SAN
6 53 (4.95%) Internet
6 53 (4.95%) WAN
7 48 (4.49%) DHCP
8 41 (3.83%) LAN
9 39 (3.64%) Network Security
10 35 (3.27%) NAS
10 35 (3.27%) Reverse Proxy
11 31 (2.90%) Skype
12 16 (1.50%) VSAN
12 16 (1.50%) Wireless
13 14 (1.31%) Cisco ASA
13 14 (1.31%) NetScaler
13 14 (1.31%) VLAN
14 11 (1.03%) Software-Defined Networking
14 11 (1.03%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 101 (9.44%) SQL Server
2 72 (6.73%) Data Warehouse
3 60 (5.61%) Power BI
4 53 (4.95%) Azure SQL Database
5 50 (4.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 38 (3.55%) Data Lake
7 27 (2.52%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
8 25 (2.34%) Big Data
9 24 (2.24%) Cosmos DB
10 23 (2.15%) MySQL
11 21 (1.96%) PostgreSQL
12 19 (1.78%) SQL Server 2016
13 17 (1.59%) Data Mart
14 16 (1.50%) Oracle Database
15 12 (1.12%) Relational Database
16 11 (1.03%) HDInsight
16 11 (1.03%) SQL Server 2017
17 10 (0.93%) NoSQL
18 9 (0.84%) Hadoop
18 9 (0.84%) Redis
Development Applications
1 117 (10.93%) Visual Studio Team System
2 106 (9.91%) Jenkins
3 63 (5.89%) Git (software)
4 42 (3.93%) JIRA
5 38 (3.55%) Visual Studio
6 25 (2.34%) Team Foundation Server
7 21 (1.96%) GitLab
7 21 (1.96%) TeamCity
8 17 (1.59%) Sonatype Nexus
9 15 (1.40%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 13 (1.21%) Bitbucket
11 10 (0.93%) Octopus Deploy
12 9 (0.84%) Selenium
13 7 (0.65%) Maven
13 7 (0.65%) SpecFlow
14 6 (0.56%) Cucumber
14 6 (0.56%) gulp
14 6 (0.56%) Jasmine
14 6 (0.56%) JMeter
14 6 (0.56%) webpack
General
1 186 (17.38%) Finance
2 61 (5.70%) Banking
3 42 (3.93%) Public Sector
4 28 (2.62%) Telecoms
5 27 (2.52%) Marketing
6 25 (2.34%) Billing
7 18 (1.68%) Retail
8 12 (1.12%) Legal
9 11 (1.03%) Manufacturing
10 10 (0.93%) Advertising
10 10 (0.93%) Investment Banking
11 7 (0.65%) Financial Institution
11 7 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
12 6 (0.56%) Electronics
12 6 (0.56%) Games
12 6 (0.56%) Law
13 4 (0.37%) French Language
13 4 (0.37%) Local Government
14 3 (0.28%) Aerospace
14 3 (0.28%) German Language
Job Titles
1 383 (35.79%) Architect
2 178 (16.64%) Azure Engineer
3 170 (15.89%) DevOps Engineer
4 147 (13.74%) Azure Architect
5 108 (10.09%) Cloud Architect
6 106 (9.91%) Azure DevOps
7 89 (8.32%) Solutions Architect
8 88 (8.22%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 81 (7.57%) Cloud Engineer
10 65 (6.07%) Technical Architect
11 57 (5.33%) Developer
12 56 (5.23%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 51 (4.77%) Consultant
14 48 (4.49%) Security Architect
15 38 (3.55%) AWS Architect
16 35 (3.27%) Automation Engineer
17 33 (3.08%) Infrastructure Architect
18 32 (2.99%) AWS Engineer
19 30 (2.80%) Analyst
20 28 (2.62%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 94 (8.79%) JSON
2 78 (7.29%) .NET
3 77 (7.20%) Web Services
4 31 (2.90%) Middleware
5 29 (2.71%) REST
6 26 (2.43%) SOAP
7 22 (2.06%) .NET Core
7 22 (2.06%) SAML
8 21 (1.96%) AngularJS
9 19 (1.78%) .NET Framework
10 18 (1.68%) HTML
11 17 (1.59%) ADO
11 17 (1.59%) ASP.NET
11 17 (1.59%) Node.js
12 16 (1.50%) J2EE
13 15 (1.40%) Django
13 15 (1.40%) Oracle Fusion
14 14 (1.31%) OAuth
15 13 (1.21%) CSS
16 12 (1.12%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 121 (11.31%) Public Cloud
2 114 (10.65%) Data Centre
3 78 (7.29%) Hybrid Cloud
4 65 (6.07%) Replication
5 44 (4.11%) Analytical Skills
6 39 (3.64%) Private Cloud
7 31 (2.90%) Cloud Native
7 31 (2.90%) Enterprise Software
7 31 (2.90%) Management Information System
8 30 (2.80%) Linux Command Line
9 26 (2.43%) Clustering
10 17 (1.59%) Greenfield Project
11 14 (1.31%) N-Tier
12 13 (1.21%) User Experience
13 12 (1.12%) Self-Motivation
14 10 (0.93%) Client/Server
14 10 (0.93%) Microsoft Licensing
15 9 (0.84%) Mobile App
16 8 (0.75%) PKI
16 8 (0.75%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 308 (28.79%) Windows
2 184 (17.20%) Linux
3 113 (10.56%) Windows Server
4 57 (5.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 54 (5.05%) Windows 10
6 50 (4.67%) Unix
7 25 (2.34%) VMS
8 23 (2.15%) Windows Server 2008
9 19 (1.78%) Solaris
10 16 (1.50%) CentOS
10 16 (1.50%) Mac OS
11 11 (1.03%) Windows Server 2012
12 8 (0.75%) Windows 7
13 6 (0.56%) AIX
14 5 (0.47%) Ubuntu
15 4 (0.37%) Android
15 4 (0.37%) Windows 8
16 3 (0.28%) Apple iOS
17 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
18 1 (0.093%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 439 (41.03%) DevOps
2 297 (27.76%) Agile Software Development
3 210 (19.63%) Migration
4 93 (8.69%) Continuous Integration
5 82 (7.66%) Infrastructure as Code
6 78 (7.29%) Scrum
7 77 (7.20%) Business Intelligence
8 76 (7.10%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 76 (7.10%) Problem-Solving
8 76 (7.10%) Project Management
9 74 (6.92%) Test Automation
10 72 (6.73%) Information Security
11 69 (6.45%) ITIL
12 66 (6.17%) Computer Science
12 66 (6.17%) Disaster Recovery
13 65 (6.07%) Continuous Delivery
14 64 (5.98%) Enterprise Architecture
15 62 (5.79%) Microservices
16 59 (5.51%) TOGAF
17 58 (5.42%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 262 (24.49%) PowerShell
2 156 (14.58%) Python
3 149 (13.93%) SQL
4 91 (8.50%) Java
5 58 (5.42%) C#
6 51 (4.77%) Bash Shell
7 45 (4.21%) JavaScript
8 34 (3.18%) Ruby
9 26 (2.43%) C
10 24 (2.24%) Perl
11 19 (1.78%) Shell Script
12 11 (1.03%) Go
13 9 (0.84%) T-SQL
14 8 (0.75%) PHP
15 7 (0.65%) C++
16 6 (0.56%) Tcl
17 4 (0.37%) ABAP
17 4 (0.37%) R
18 3 (0.28%) VB
18 3 (0.28%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 170 (15.89%) Security Cleared
2 127 (11.87%) SC Cleared
3 88 (8.22%) Degree
4 36 (3.36%) Microsoft Certification
5 32 (2.99%) CISSP
6 27 (2.52%) DV Cleared
7 21 (1.96%) CISM
8 20 (1.87%) Cisco Certification
9 19 (1.78%) MCSE
10 12 (1.12%) Computer Science Degree
11 11 (1.03%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 9 (0.84%) TOGAF Certification
13 8 (0.75%) SANS
14 7 (0.65%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 7 (0.65%) CCIE
14 7 (0.65%) CEH
14 7 (0.65%) CRISC
14 7 (0.65%) CTC Cleared
14 7 (0.65%) MCSA
15 6 (0.56%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (3.18%) QA
2 27 (2.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 22 (2.06%) NIST
4 21 (1.96%) GDPR
5 19 (1.78%) Data Quality
6 18 (1.68%) PCI DSS
7 14 (1.31%) NCSC
8 11 (1.03%) COBIT
9 9 (0.84%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 9 (0.84%) SLA
10 3 (0.28%) GxP
10 3 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 19770
11 2 (0.19%) HL7
11 2 (0.19%) PMO
12 1 (0.093%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.093%) Disclosure Scotland
12 1 (0.093%) Government Security Classifications
12 1 (0.093%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.093%) PSD2
12 1 (0.093%) WCAG
System Software
1 212 (19.81%) Active Directory
2 131 (12.24%) Docker
3 95 (8.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 72 (6.73%) Virtual Machines
5 66 (6.17%) Hyper-V
6 31 (2.90%) VMware ESXi
7 21 (1.96%) vSphere
8 19 (1.78%) VMware NSX
8 19 (1.78%) XenDesktop
9 15 (1.40%) vCloud
10 13 (1.21%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 11 (1.03%) XenApp
12 6 (0.56%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.47%) NFS
14 4 (0.37%) NDS
14 4 (0.37%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 4 (0.37%) Postfix
15 3 (0.28%) Ceph
16 2 (0.19%) BitLocker
16 2 (0.19%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 151 (14.11%) Ansible
2 149 (13.93%) Terraform
3 128 (11.96%) Kubernetes
4 99 (9.25%) Puppet
5 89 (8.32%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (5.33%) Microsoft Intune
7 55 (5.14%) SCCM
8 43 (4.02%) Single Sign-On
9 31 (2.90%) vRealize
10 29 (2.71%) SCOM
11 20 (1.87%) vCenter Server
12 15 (1.40%) Salt
13 11 (1.03%) Microsoft Clustering
14 9 (0.84%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
15 8 (0.75%) Nagios
16 6 (0.56%) CASB
16 6 (0.56%) WSUS
17 5 (0.47%) Nessus
17 5 (0.47%) QRadar
17 5 (0.47%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 458 (42.80%) Microsoft
2 152 (14.21%) VMware
3 73 (6.82%) Cisco
3 73 (6.82%) Oracle
4 67 (6.26%) Google
5 54 (5.05%) Red Hat
6 51 (4.77%) Citrix
7 40 (3.74%) Splunk
8 30 (2.80%) SAP
9 28 (2.62%) Salesforce.com
10 22 (2.06%) Dell
11 20 (1.87%) NetApp
12 19 (1.78%) Databricks
12 19 (1.78%) Workday
13 18 (1.68%) HP
13 18 (1.68%) IBM
13 18 (1.68%) Tableau
14 16 (1.50%) ServiceNow
15 15 (1.40%) CheckPoint
16 14 (1.31%) New Relic