Period
to 26 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 26 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 155 201 215
Rank change year-on-year +46 +14 +48
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,114 356 1,059
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.75% 1.39% 1.32%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.91% 4.33% 4.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 779 246 667
10th Percentile £405 £363 £384
25th Percentile £463 £419 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £530 £500 £530
Median % change year-on-year +6.00% -5.66% +6.00%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £625
90th Percentile £738 £660 £709
UK median daily rate £540 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +8.00% -4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 3 26
10th Percentile £41.60 " £56.13
25th Percentile £60.38 " £71.25
Median hourly rate £65.00 £14.00 £80.00
Median % change year-on-year +364.29% -82.50% -
75th Percentile £75.68 £49.50 £83.44
90th Percentile £81.25 £70.80 £84.50
UK median hourly rate £61.50 £14.00 £80.00
% change year-on-year +339.29% -82.50% -

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 22,670 8,229 23,718
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.56% 32.14% 29.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,416 5,878 16,560
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
25th Percentile £425 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £688 £663
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 385 105 331
10th Percentile £12.25 £14.00 £13.00
25th Percentile £14.25 £16.75 £15.63
Median hourly rate £20.51 £21.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -4.60% +2.38% +20.00%
75th Percentile £46.50 £40.75 £41.88
90th Percentile £65.50 £55.00 £70.00
UK median hourly rate £21.05 £21.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year -2.09% +4.88% +17.14%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 26 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +34 652 £550 +10.00% 144
North of England +16 139 £525 +1.45% 80
South East -70 86 £506 -4.93% 54
Midlands -40 69 £525 +21.74% 33
South West +14 66 £525 +13.45% 12
Yorkshire -5 65 £525 +2.94% 30
North West -11 57 £525 +2.44% 40
West Midlands -42 44 £525 +18.31% 20
East Midlands -32 25 £545 +31.33% 13
North East -4 18 £565 +18.95% 10
East of England -46 11 £463 +23.33% 12
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 26 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 852 (76.48%) PaaS
2 676 (60.68%) Azure
3 511 (45.87%) DevOps
4 380 (34.11%) AWS
5 369 (33.12%) SaaS
6 319 (28.64%) Agile Software Development
7 291 (26.12%) Terraform
8 277 (24.87%) Microsoft
9 230 (20.65%) Finance
10 228 (20.47%) Kubernetes
11 220 (19.75%) Infrastructure as Code
12 217 (19.48%) Social Skills
13 210 (18.85%) Windows
14 203 (18.22%) Linux
15 185 (16.61%) Python
16 183 (16.43%) Migration
17 180 (16.16%) PowerShell
18 173 (15.53%) Docker
19 169 (15.17%) Serverless
20 164 (14.72%) Microservices
21 163 (14.63%) Ansible
22 160 (14.36%) SQL
22 160 (14.36%) VMware
23 138 (12.39%) Active Directory
24 128 (11.49%) Microsoft 365
25 122 (10.95%) Public Cloud
26 119 (10.68%) Infrastructure Engineering
27 117 (10.50%) Java
28 112 (10.05%) Security Cleared
29 111 (9.96%) Data Protection

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (5.30%) SharePoint
2 25 (2.24%) Confluence
3 24 (2.15%) IIS
4 22 (1.97%) Apache Spark
5 20 (1.80%) Tomcat
6 19 (1.71%) Apache
7 14 (1.26%) Cloud Foundry
7 14 (1.26%) JBoss
7 14 (1.26%) OpenStack
8 13 (1.17%) MS Exchange
9 11 (0.99%) Elasticsearch
10 10 (0.90%) nginx
10 10 (0.90%) WebSphere
11 8 (0.72%) CMS
12 6 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 5 (0.45%) Skype for Business
14 4 (0.36%) Drupal
14 4 (0.36%) NetWeaver
14 4 (0.36%) Sitecore CMS
14 4 (0.36%) WebLogic
Applications
1 32 (2.87%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.72%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.54%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (0.90%) Oracle Applications
2 6 (0.54%) SAP ERP
3 5 (0.45%) Sentinel
4 4 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.36%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.27%) Primavera
5 3 (0.27%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.090%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.090%) Cerner Millennium
7 1 (0.090%) iTrent
7 1 (0.090%) NetSuite
7 1 (0.090%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.090%) Shopify
7 1 (0.090%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.090%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 852 (76.48%) PaaS
2 676 (60.68%) Azure
3 380 (34.11%) AWS
4 369 (33.12%) SaaS
5 169 (15.17%) Serverless
6 128 (11.49%) Microsoft 365
7 111 (9.96%) GitHub
8 110 (9.87%) GCP
9 94 (8.44%) Azure Active Directory
10 73 (6.55%) Azure Functions
11 51 (4.58%) AWS Lambda
12 44 (3.95%) Cloud Computing
13 43 (3.86%) AWS CloudFormation
14 36 (3.23%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 35 (3.14%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 28 (2.51%) GitHub Actions
17 26 (2.33%) OpenShift
18 25 (2.24%) Amazon EC2
19 20 (1.80%) Azure Storage
19 20 (1.80%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 106 (9.52%) Firewall
2 62 (5.57%) DNS
3 51 (4.58%) WAN
4 39 (3.50%) SSL
5 33 (2.96%) TCP/IP
6 32 (2.87%) Network Security
6 32 (2.87%) SAN
7 31 (2.78%) VPN
8 29 (2.60%) Internet
9 26 (2.33%) LAN
10 21 (1.89%) DHCP
11 19 (1.71%) HTTP
11 19 (1.71%) Wireless
12 17 (1.53%) Kerberos
13 16 (1.44%) IPsec
14 12 (1.08%) NAS
14 12 (1.08%) SD-WAN
15 10 (0.90%) Remote Desktop
16 9 (0.81%) Skype
16 9 (0.81%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 96 (8.62%) SQL Server
2 79 (7.09%) Big Data
3 51 (4.58%) NoSQL
4 46 (4.13%) PostgreSQL
5 42 (3.77%) Azure SQL Database
6 40 (3.59%) Data Lake
7 28 (2.51%) MongoDB
8 26 (2.33%) Relational Database
9 24 (2.15%) BigQuery
9 24 (2.15%) Hadoop
10 23 (2.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 23 (2.06%) Data Warehouse
11 18 (1.62%) DB2
12 17 (1.53%) Tableau
13 16 (1.44%) MySQL
14 15 (1.35%) Metadata
15 13 (1.17%) RDBMS
16 12 (1.08%) Looker
17 11 (0.99%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
17 11 (0.99%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 97 (8.71%) Git (software)
2 92 (8.26%) Jenkins
3 48 (4.31%) JIRA
4 31 (2.78%) Maven
4 31 (2.78%) Sonatype Nexus
5 28 (2.51%) Gradle
5 28 (2.51%) Selenium
6 27 (2.42%) GitLab
7 25 (2.24%) TeamCity
8 21 (1.89%) Bitbucket
9 20 (1.80%) Subversion
10 19 (1.71%) Cucumber
10 19 (1.71%) SonarQube
11 12 (1.08%) Octopus Deploy
12 8 (0.72%) JUnit
12 8 (0.72%) Visual Studio Team System
13 7 (0.63%) fastlane
13 7 (0.63%) Flyway
13 7 (0.63%) Postman
14 6 (0.54%) Cypress.io
General
1 230 (20.65%) Finance
2 217 (19.48%) Social Skills
3 81 (7.27%) Public Sector
4 51 (4.58%) Analytical Skills
5 49 (4.40%) Banking
5 49 (4.40%) Telecoms
6 48 (4.31%) Marketing
7 39 (3.50%) Manufacturing
8 37 (3.32%) Electronics
9 22 (1.97%) Presentation Skills
10 14 (1.26%) Legal
10 14 (1.26%) Organisational Skills
11 13 (1.17%) Documentation Skills
12 12 (1.08%) Influencing Skills
12 12 (1.08%) Retail
13 11 (0.99%) Games
13 11 (0.99%) Law
14 7 (0.63%) Local Government
15 6 (0.54%) Billing
15 6 (0.54%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 353 (31.69%) Architect
2 168 (15.08%) Azure Engineer
3 134 (12.03%) DevOps Engineer
4 120 (10.77%) Developer
5 109 (9.78%) Azure Architect
6 96 (8.62%) Solutions Architect
7 90 (8.08%) Cloud Architect
8 88 (7.90%) Cloud Engineer
9 72 (6.46%) AWS Engineer
10 58 (5.21%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 55 (4.94%) Azure DevOps
12 52 (4.67%) Consultant
13 46 (4.13%) Senior Architect
14 41 (3.68%) AWS Architect
14 41 (3.68%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 40 (3.59%) Technical Architect
16 37 (3.32%) Security Architect
17 27 (2.42%) Cloud Solutions Architect
17 27 (2.42%) Data Architect
17 27 (2.42%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 88 (7.90%) Web Services
2 83 (7.45%) .NET
3 66 (5.92%) REST
4 61 (5.48%) Node.js
5 60 (5.39%) JSON
6 55 (4.94%) ARM Templates
7 42 (3.77%) OAuth
8 41 (3.68%) YAML
9 35 (3.14%) AngularJS
9 35 (3.14%) Kafka
10 33 (2.96%) .NET Core
11 29 (2.60%) Spring
12 23 (2.06%) SAML
13 22 (1.97%) OpenID
14 21 (1.89%) React
15 20 (1.80%) Middleware
16 19 (1.71%) CSS
16 19 (1.71%) Spring Boot
17 17 (1.53%) HTML
18 15 (1.35%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 122 (10.95%) Public Cloud
2 96 (8.62%) Cloud Native
3 85 (7.63%) Data Centre
4 81 (7.27%) Data Protection Act
5 70 (6.28%) Hybrid Cloud
6 60 (5.39%) Management Information System
7 30 (2.69%) Private Cloud
8 27 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
9 25 (2.24%) Data Structures
10 24 (2.15%) Self-Motivation
11 20 (1.80%) Replication
12 18 (1.62%) CMDB
13 17 (1.53%) PKI
14 16 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
14 16 (1.44%) Mobile App
15 15 (1.35%) Enterprise Cloud
16 14 (1.26%) Clustering
17 12 (1.08%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
18 11 (0.99%) iPad
18 11 (0.99%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 210 (18.85%) Windows
2 203 (18.22%) Linux
3 77 (6.91%) Windows Server
4 42 (3.77%) Unix
5 30 (2.69%) Windows Server 2016
6 26 (2.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 24 (2.15%) Windows Server 2019
8 22 (1.97%) Windows Server 2012
9 19 (1.71%) Windows 10
10 9 (0.81%) Android
11 8 (0.72%) VMS
12 7 (0.63%) AIX
12 7 (0.63%) Apple iOS
12 7 (0.63%) CentOS
12 7 (0.63%) Solaris
12 7 (0.63%) Ubuntu
13 6 (0.54%) Mac OS X
13 6 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
14 4 (0.36%) Windows 7
15 3 (0.27%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 511 (45.87%) DevOps
2 319 (28.64%) Agile Software Development
3 220 (19.75%) Infrastructure as Code
4 183 (16.43%) Migration
5 164 (14.72%) Microservices
6 119 (10.68%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 111 (9.96%) Data Protection
8 88 (7.90%) Software Engineering
9 83 (7.45%) Information Security
10 82 (7.36%) ITIL
11 79 (7.09%) Analytics
11 79 (7.09%) Enterprise Architecture
12 78 (7.00%) Continuous Delivery
13 77 (6.91%) Problem-Solving
14 75 (6.73%) Business Intelligence
15 74 (6.64%) Test Automation
16 72 (6.46%) Continuous Integration
17 71 (6.37%) Cybersecurity
18 70 (6.28%) Configuration Management
19 64 (5.75%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 185 (16.61%) Python
2 180 (16.16%) PowerShell
3 160 (14.36%) SQL
4 117 (10.50%) Java
5 92 (8.26%) Bash Shell
6 80 (7.18%) JavaScript
7 69 (6.19%) C#
8 24 (2.15%) Ruby
9 23 (2.06%) Go
10 16 (1.44%) Shell Script
10 16 (1.44%) TypeScript
11 14 (1.26%) Perl
12 10 (0.90%) Groovy
12 10 (0.90%) PHP
13 9 (0.81%) C
13 9 (0.81%) C++
13 9 (0.81%) T-SQL
14 7 (0.63%) PL/SQL
15 5 (0.45%) Scala
15 5 (0.45%) VB
Qualifications
1 112 (10.05%) Security Cleared
2 98 (8.80%) SC Cleared
3 43 (3.86%) Degree
4 25 (2.24%) CISSP
4 25 (2.24%) Microsoft Certification
5 22 (1.97%) Cisco Certification
5 22 (1.97%) TOGAF Certification
6 17 (1.53%) MCSE
7 13 (1.17%) AWS Certification
7 13 (1.17%) Computer Science Degree
7 13 (1.17%) DV Cleared
8 12 (1.08%) CISM
9 10 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
9 10 (0.90%) CRISC
9 10 (0.90%) FFIEC
9 10 (0.90%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 9 (0.81%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 8 (0.72%) APMP
11 8 (0.72%) SANS
12 7 (0.63%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 45 (4.04%) GDPR
2 32 (2.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 32 (2.87%) QA
3 27 (2.42%) NIST
4 22 (1.97%) Data Quality
5 15 (1.35%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 15 (1.35%) SLA
6 14 (1.26%) NIST 800
7 11 (0.99%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 11 (0.99%) PCI DSS
8 10 (0.90%) GAAP
9 9 (0.81%) SOC 2
10 7 (0.63%) Disclosure Scotland
11 6 (0.54%) Cyber Essentials
11 6 (0.54%) PMO
12 5 (0.45%) FedRAMP
13 4 (0.36%) Accessibility
13 4 (0.36%) COBIT
14 3 (0.27%) GRC
14 3 (0.27%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 173 (15.53%) Docker
2 138 (12.39%) Active Directory
3 109 (9.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 37 (3.32%) Virtual Machines
5 31 (2.78%) VMware ESXi
6 19 (1.71%) Virtual Desktop
7 18 (1.62%) Hyper-V
8 16 (1.44%) vSphere
9 13 (1.17%) VMware NSX
10 9 (0.81%) vCloud
10 9 (0.81%) VMware Workstation
11 8 (0.72%) NFS
12 7 (0.63%) RACF
13 5 (0.45%) XenApp
13 5 (0.45%) XenDesktop
14 4 (0.36%) Veritas File System
14 4 (0.36%) Veritas Volume Manager
15 2 (0.18%) KVM
15 2 (0.18%) Squid
15 2 (0.18%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 291 (26.12%) Terraform
2 228 (20.47%) Kubernetes
3 163 (14.63%) Ansible
4 49 (4.40%) Puppet
5 43 (3.86%) Microsoft Intune
6 35 (3.14%) SCCM
7 29 (2.60%) Prometheus
8 27 (2.42%) Opscode Chef
9 20 (1.80%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 19 (1.71%) Single Sign-On
11 13 (1.17%) MIIS
12 11 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
13 10 (0.90%) Grafana
14 9 (0.81%) Netcool
14 9 (0.81%) QRadar
14 9 (0.81%) Tivoli
14 9 (0.81%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 8 (0.72%) Control-M
15 8 (0.72%) FortiGate
15 8 (0.72%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 277 (24.87%) Microsoft
2 160 (14.36%) VMware
3 97 (8.71%) Oracle
4 80 (7.18%) Google
5 61 (5.48%) SAP
6 56 (5.03%) Cisco
7 45 (4.04%) Citrix
8 44 (3.95%) Splunk
9 36 (3.23%) Red Hat
10 31 (2.78%) Databricks
11 25 (2.24%) ServiceNow
12 24 (2.15%) IBM
13 23 (2.06%) EMC
14 19 (1.71%) Dell
14 19 (1.71%) NetApp
15 17 (1.53%) AppDynamics
16 16 (1.44%) F5
17 14 (1.26%) 3PAR
17 14 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
18 13 (1.17%) Palo Alto