Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 3 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
3 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 205 158 216
Rank change year-on-year -47 +58 -1
Contract jobs citing IaaS 988 916 451
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.37% 1.74% 1.22%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.84% 4.87% 3.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 714 615 286
10th Percentile £413 £400 £368
25th Percentile £475 £450 £440
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - -
75th Percentile £662 £625 £625
90th Percentile £745 £713 £703
UK median daily rate £575 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +9.52% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 9 1
10th Percentile £63.23 £14.00 -
25th Percentile £68.06 £46.50 £12.25
Median hourly rate £75.00 £60.00 £12.50
Median % change year-on-year +25.00% +380.00% -84.85%
75th Percentile £82.24 £62.25 £12.75
90th Percentile £85.83 £62.80 -
UK median hourly rate £75.00 £60.00 £12.50
% change year-on-year +25.00% +380.00% -84.62%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 25,736 18,819 11,740
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.72% 35.69% 31.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,985 13,422 8,410
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
25th Percentile £448 £413 £408
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £513 £500
Median % change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £600
90th Percentile £750 £688 £688
UK median daily rate £550 £510 £500
% change year-on-year +7.84% +2.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 321 324 167
10th Percentile £13.88 £11.88 £12.75
25th Percentile £15.25 £14.25 £16.50
Median hourly rate £21.00 £21.05 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year -0.24% +5.25% -4.76%
75th Percentile £42.00 £39.50 £34.63
90th Percentile £74.50 £64.85 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £21.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +2.33% +7.50% -2.44%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 3 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -49 578 £590 +12.38% 100
North of England -27 123 £519 -1.10% 40
South East -20 91 £600 +22.45% 29
North West -19 55 £500 -4.76% 23
Yorkshire -33 49 £513 -2.38% 13
East of England +10 43 £425 -19.81% 11
South West -1 42 £525 +5.00% 20
Midlands -65 34 £619 +30.26% 27
North East +2 24 £525 -8.70% 4
West Midlands -60 24 £619 +30.26% 19
East Midlands -18 8 £613 +28.95% 8
South Coast - 4 £750 -
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 3 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 755 (76.42%) PaaS
2 657 (66.50%) Azure
3 409 (41.40%) DevOps
4 396 (40.08%) SaaS
5 388 (39.27%) Microsoft
6 314 (31.78%) CI/CD
7 313 (31.68%) AWS
8 306 (30.97%) Terraform
9 304 (30.77%) Agile
10 229 (23.18%) Windows
11 210 (21.26%) Finance
12 198 (20.04%) Migration
13 196 (19.84%) PowerShell
14 195 (19.74%) Infrastructure as Code
15 175 (17.71%) Azure DevOps
15 175 (17.71%) Social Skills
16 174 (17.61%) SQL
17 172 (17.41%) Linux
18 170 (17.21%) Kubernetes
19 162 (16.40%) Active Directory
20 155 (15.69%) Firewall
21 154 (15.59%) VMware
22 151 (15.28%) Microservices
23 150 (15.18%) Security Cleared
24 134 (13.56%) Public Cloud
25 120 (12.15%) Azure Active Directory
26 119 (12.04%) Docker
27 118 (11.94%) SC Cleared
28 115 (11.64%) Jenkins
29 114 (11.54%) VMware Infrastructure

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (5.26%) SharePoint
2 48 (4.86%) Confluence
3 41 (4.15%) Cloud Foundry
4 25 (2.53%) IIS
5 22 (2.23%) Exchange Server 2013
5 22 (2.23%) Skype for Business
6 20 (2.02%) WebSphere
7 18 (1.82%) OpenStack
8 12 (1.21%) Apache
9 11 (1.11%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 10 (1.01%) Apache Spark
10 10 (1.01%) MS Exchange
11 9 (0.91%) Mule
12 8 (0.81%) Exchange Server 2010
13 7 (0.71%) Tomcat
14 6 (0.61%) nginx
15 5 (0.51%) WebSphere Application Server
16 4 (0.40%) NServiceBus
16 4 (0.40%) WildFly
17 3 (0.30%) JBoss
Applications
1 19 (1.92%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (1.01%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (0.61%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.10%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 21 (2.13%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.71%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (0.71%) Oracle ERP
3 5 (0.51%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.30%) Bloomberg AIM
4 3 (0.30%) Oracle EBS R12
4 3 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.20%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.20%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.20%) Shopify
6 1 (0.10%) assyst
6 1 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle Assets
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 1 (0.10%) Primavera
6 1 (0.10%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 755 (76.42%) PaaS
2 657 (66.50%) Azure
3 396 (40.08%) SaaS
4 313 (31.68%) AWS
5 175 (17.71%) Azure DevOps
6 120 (12.15%) Azure Active Directory
7 114 (11.54%) Serverless
8 111 (11.23%) Microsoft 365
9 92 (9.31%) GitHub
10 82 (8.30%) GCP
11 81 (8.20%) Power Platform
12 52 (5.26%) Azure Logic Apps
13 50 (5.06%) Azure Monitor
14 47 (4.76%) Azure AKS
15 42 (4.25%) PowerApps
16 39 (3.95%) Cloud Computing
17 38 (3.85%) Azure Functions
18 36 (3.64%) Dynamics 365
19 35 (3.54%) AWS CloudFormation
19 35 (3.54%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 155 (15.69%) Firewall
2 80 (8.10%) DNS
3 46 (4.66%) VPN
4 44 (4.45%) DHCP
4 44 (4.45%) WAN
5 32 (3.24%) Network Security
6 27 (2.73%) LAN
6 27 (2.73%) SSL
6 27 (2.73%) Wi-Fi
7 26 (2.63%) SAN
8 23 (2.33%) Skype
9 22 (2.23%) TCP/IP
10 21 (2.13%) IPsec
11 19 (1.92%) SD-WAN
12 16 (1.62%) IKE
13 15 (1.52%) DMZ
14 13 (1.32%) Wireless
15 11 (1.11%) Internet
15 11 (1.11%) NAS
16 10 (1.01%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 102 (10.32%) SQL Server
2 38 (3.85%) Oracle Database
2 38 (3.85%) Power BI
3 32 (3.24%) NoSQL
4 29 (2.94%) Azure SQL Database
4 29 (2.94%) MongoDB
5 25 (2.53%) Data Warehouse
6 23 (2.33%) Data Lake
6 23 (2.33%) Relational Database
7 20 (2.02%) PostgreSQL
8 19 (1.92%) Oracle Database 12c
8 19 (1.92%) RDBMS
9 17 (1.72%) Amazon RDS
10 16 (1.62%) Big Data
11 13 (1.32%) MySQL
12 11 (1.11%) Redis
13 9 (0.91%) Oracle Reports
14 8 (0.81%) Hadoop
15 7 (0.71%) Amazon Redshift
15 7 (0.71%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 115 (11.64%) Jenkins
2 104 (10.53%) Git (software)
3 88 (8.91%) JIRA
4 44 (4.45%) GitLab
5 35 (3.54%) Maven
5 35 (3.54%) Sonatype Nexus
6 34 (3.44%) SonarQube
7 33 (3.34%) TeamCity
8 22 (2.23%) Gradle
9 17 (1.72%) Bitbucket
10 13 (1.32%) Selenium
11 12 (1.21%) Cucumber
11 12 (1.21%) Octopus Deploy
12 9 (0.91%) Android Studio
12 9 (0.91%) CocoaPods
12 9 (0.91%) IntelliJ
12 9 (0.91%) JUnit
12 9 (0.91%) Mockito
12 9 (0.91%) Visual Studio Team System
12 9 (0.91%) Xcode
General
1 210 (21.26%) Finance
2 175 (17.71%) Social Skills
3 101 (10.22%) Public Sector
4 85 (8.60%) Analytical Skills
5 77 (7.79%) Banking
6 34 (3.44%) Telecoms
7 21 (2.13%) Marketing
8 20 (2.02%) Influencing Skills
9 18 (1.82%) Legal
9 18 (1.82%) Manufacturing
10 17 (1.72%) Presentation Skills
10 17 (1.72%) Retail
11 14 (1.42%) Back Office
11 14 (1.42%) Electronics
12 12 (1.21%) Billing
12 12 (1.21%) Front Office
12 12 (1.21%) Games
12 12 (1.21%) Law
13 11 (1.11%) Documentation Skills
14 10 (1.01%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 316 (31.98%) Architect
2 157 (15.89%) Azure Engineer
3 111 (11.23%) Solutions Architect
4 102 (10.32%) Cloud Engineer
5 101 (10.22%) DevOps Engineer
6 93 (9.41%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 74 (7.49%) Cloud Architect
8 69 (6.98%) Azure Architect
9 55 (5.57%) Developer
10 52 (5.26%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 52 (5.26%) Security Architect
11 44 (4.45%) Infrastructure Architect
12 40 (4.05%) AWS Architect
13 34 (3.44%) AWS Engineer
14 30 (3.04%) 3rd Line Engineer
15 27 (2.73%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
15 27 (2.73%) DBA
16 25 (2.53%) VMware Engineer
17 24 (2.43%) Analyst
17 24 (2.43%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 86 (8.70%) .NET
2 57 (5.77%) REST
3 56 (5.67%) JSON
4 45 (4.55%) ARM Templates
4 45 (4.55%) Middleware
5 40 (4.05%) Node.js
6 37 (3.74%) CSS
7 31 (3.14%) HTML
7 31 (3.14%) React
8 28 (2.83%) SOAP
9 27 (2.73%) AngularJS
9 27 (2.73%) XML
10 25 (2.53%) OAuth
11 24 (2.43%) .NET Core
11 24 (2.43%) Kafka
12 23 (2.33%) Spring
13 20 (2.02%) LDAP
14 19 (1.92%) jQuery
14 19 (1.92%) Oracle Fusion
15 18 (1.82%) OAuth2
Miscellaneous
1 134 (13.56%) Public Cloud
2 80 (8.10%) Data Centre
3 64 (6.48%) Hybrid Cloud
4 60 (6.07%) PKI
5 59 (5.97%) Private Cloud
6 50 (5.06%) Replication
7 38 (3.85%) Cloud Native
8 36 (3.64%) Management Information System
9 31 (3.14%) Data Protection Act
10 26 (2.63%) Enterprise Software
10 26 (2.63%) Mobile App
11 23 (2.33%) Greenfield Project
12 21 (2.13%) User Experience
13 19 (1.92%) Clustering
14 16 (1.62%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 15 (1.52%) IoT
16 14 (1.42%) Self-Motivation
17 11 (1.11%) Client/Server
18 10 (1.01%) iPad
19 9 (0.91%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 229 (23.18%) Windows
2 172 (17.41%) Linux
3 111 (11.23%) Windows Server
4 53 (5.36%) Unix
5 37 (3.74%) Windows Server 2012
6 20 (2.02%) VMS
7 19 (1.92%) Ubuntu
8 17 (1.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 15 (1.52%) Windows Server 2019
10 14 (1.42%) Windows Server 2008
11 13 (1.32%) Android
11 13 (1.32%) Windows 10
12 11 (1.11%) Apple iOS
13 10 (1.01%) Windows Server 2016
14 7 (0.71%) Solaris
15 6 (0.61%) Windows 7
16 3 (0.30%) HPUX
17 2 (0.20%) CentOS
17 2 (0.20%) Mac OS X
18 1 (0.10%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 409 (41.40%) DevOps
2 314 (31.78%) CI/CD
3 304 (30.77%) Agile
4 198 (20.04%) Migration
5 195 (19.74%) Infrastructure as Code
6 151 (15.28%) Microservices
7 109 (11.03%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 102 (10.32%) Continuous Integration
9 92 (9.31%) Scrum
10 86 (8.70%) Continuous Delivery
11 85 (8.60%) Cybersecurity
12 79 (8.00%) Problem-Solving
13 78 (7.89%) Analytics
14 67 (6.78%) ITIL
15 65 (6.58%) Test Automation
16 63 (6.38%) Kanban
17 62 (6.28%) Business Intelligence
17 62 (6.28%) Waterfall
18 61 (6.17%) Data Protection
19 60 (6.07%) Enterprise Architecture
Programming Languages
1 196 (19.84%) PowerShell
2 174 (17.61%) SQL
3 114 (11.54%) Python
4 97 (9.82%) Java
5 77 (7.79%) JavaScript
6 69 (6.98%) C#
7 63 (6.38%) Bash
8 23 (2.33%) Shell Script
9 17 (1.72%) Kotlin
9 17 (1.72%) PL/SQL
10 15 (1.52%) Perl
11 9 (0.91%) Apple Swift
12 8 (0.81%) PHP
12 8 (0.81%) T-SQL
12 8 (0.81%) TypeScript
13 7 (0.71%) Bicep
13 7 (0.71%) C
13 7 (0.71%) R
13 7 (0.71%) Ruby
14 6 (0.61%) Go
Qualifications
1 150 (15.18%) Security Cleared
2 118 (11.94%) SC Cleared
3 48 (4.86%) Degree
4 37 (3.74%) DV Cleared
5 32 (3.24%) CISSP
6 25 (2.53%) Microsoft Certification
7 23 (2.33%) Cisco Certification
8 17 (1.72%) AWS Certification
9 14 (1.42%) MCSE
10 13 (1.32%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 13 (1.32%) CISA
10 13 (1.32%) CRISC
10 13 (1.32%) GIAC
11 12 (1.21%) CCSK
11 12 (1.21%) CISM
12 11 (1.11%) OCP
12 11 (1.11%) Oracle Certification
12 11 (1.11%) SANS
13 10 (1.01%) CEH
13 10 (1.01%) FFIEC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (4.15%) GDPR
2 34 (3.44%) QA
3 33 (3.34%) SLA
4 30 (3.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 29 (2.94%) NIST
6 19 (1.92%) NIST 800
7 17 (1.72%) NCSC
8 11 (1.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 9 (0.91%) Data Quality
10 7 (0.71%) RMADS
10 7 (0.71%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.30%) COBIT
11 3 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.30%) GAAP
11 3 (0.30%) GxP
11 3 (0.30%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 2 (0.20%) JSP 440
12 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
13 1 (0.10%) FedRAMP
13 1 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 162 (16.40%) Active Directory
2 119 (12.04%) Docker
3 114 (11.54%) VMware Infrastructure
4 52 (5.26%) Virtual Machines
5 46 (4.66%) Hyper-V
6 28 (2.83%) vSphere
7 18 (1.82%) Virtual Desktop
8 17 (1.72%) VMware Workstation
9 16 (1.62%) vCloud
10 15 (1.52%) Oracle RAC
10 15 (1.52%) VMware NSX
11 14 (1.42%) VMware ESXi
12 6 (0.61%) Microsoft App-V
13 3 (0.30%) NFS
13 3 (0.30%) XenApp
13 3 (0.30%) XenDesktop
14 2 (0.20%) BitLocker
14 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 2 (0.20%) OpenAM
14 2 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 306 (30.97%) Terraform
2 170 (17.21%) Kubernetes
3 110 (11.13%) Ansible
4 67 (6.78%) SCCM
5 33 (3.34%) Microsoft Intune
6 27 (2.73%) Puppet
6 27 (2.73%) Single Sign-On
7 22 (2.23%) SCVMM
8 15 (1.52%) Data Guard
9 14 (1.42%) Opscode Chef
9 14 (1.42%) Packer
10 13 (1.32%) Docker Swarm
11 12 (1.21%) vRealize
12 11 (1.11%) Active Directory Federation Services
12 11 (1.11%) Salt
12 11 (1.11%) VxRail
13 9 (0.91%) Nessus
13 9 (0.91%) Netcool
14 8 (0.81%) Microsoft Clustering
14 8 (0.81%) Opsgenie
Vendors
1 388 (39.27%) Microsoft
2 154 (15.59%) VMware
3 108 (10.93%) Oracle
4 53 (5.36%) Splunk
5 43 (4.35%) Citrix
5 43 (4.35%) Databricks
5 43 (4.35%) Google
6 42 (4.25%) Cisco
7 35 (3.54%) IBM
8 31 (3.14%) ServiceNow
9 30 (3.04%) SAP
10 23 (2.33%) F5
11 20 (2.02%) CA
12 16 (1.62%) AppDynamics
12 16 (1.62%) Red Hat
13 15 (1.52%) Dell
13 15 (1.52%) Palo Alto
14 14 (1.42%) HP
14 14 (1.42%) Sitecore
15 13 (1.32%) EMC