Period
to 2 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 2 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
2 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 189 212 232
Rank change year-on-year +23 +20 +50
Contract jobs citing IaaS 454 952 1,211
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.44% 1.29% 1.29%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.45% 4.28% 5.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 324 608 781
Median daily rate £500 £538 £508
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.98% +5.91% +1.50%
10th Percentile £357 £375 £364
90th Percentile £660 £700 £656
UK median daily rate £500 £530 £511
% change year-on-year -5.66% +3.67% +2.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 28 1
Median hourly rate £35.00 £80.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -56.25% +68.42% +35.71%
10th Percentile £14.00 £39.38 £46.25
90th Percentile £70.00 £83.33 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £80.00 £41.25
% change year-on-year -56.25% +93.94% +17.86%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 10,212 22,261 23,145
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.36% 30.08% 24.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,765 15,235 16,238
Median daily rate £495 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.00% +2.56% +2.63%
10th Percentile £306 £288 £306
90th Percentile £675 £663 £650
UK median daily rate £495 £495 £480
% change year-on-year - +3.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 225 366 310
Median hourly rate £28.50 £21.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.56% +22.86% -14.63%
10th Percentile £13.25 £14.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £78.75 £60.29
Median hourly rate £30.50 £21.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +45.24% +20.00% -12.50%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 2 December 2020.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 2 December 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 2 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +45 239 £500 -9.09% 70
South East +13 89 £550 - 46
North of England +30 48 £500 - 44
Midlands +53 33 £431 -18.63% 15
Yorkshire +20 33 £475 -9.52% 11
East Midlands +55 19 £405 -21.93% 4
South West +69 14 £434 -17.38% 16
East of England +65 14 £400 -21.95% 12
West Midlands +29 12 £450 -18.18% 10
North West +42 10 £525 +16.67% 26
North East +23 4 £350 -17.65% 7
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 2 December 2020, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 324 (71.37%) PaaS
2 265 (58.37%) Azure
3 183 (40.31%) DevOps
4 150 (33.04%) AWS
5 148 (32.60%) Agile Software Development
6 141 (31.06%) Microsoft
7 136 (29.96%) SaaS
8 126 (27.75%) Windows
9 103 (22.69%) Security Cleared
10 98 (21.59%) Active Directory
11 96 (21.15%) Terraform
12 85 (18.72%) Linux
13 83 (18.28%) Migration
14 74 (16.30%) Jenkins
15 71 (15.64%) SC Cleared
16 69 (15.20%) PowerShell
16 69 (15.20%) VMware
16 69 (15.20%) Java
17 66 (14.54%) Docker
17 66 (14.54%) Kubernetes
18 65 (14.32%) Python
19 64 (14.10%) SQL
20 63 (13.88%) Finance
21 62 (13.66%) Firewall
21 62 (13.66%) Office 365
22 60 (13.22%) DNS
23 59 (13.00%) Continuous Integration
23 59 (13.00%) GCP
24 57 (12.56%) Public Cloud
25 56 (12.33%) Microservices

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (7.05%) Confluence
2 30 (6.61%) Cloud Foundry
3 27 (5.95%) Mule
4 15 (3.30%) SharePoint
5 10 (2.20%) Skype for Business
6 8 (1.76%) MS Exchange
7 7 (1.54%) JBoss
8 6 (1.32%) NetWeaver
8 6 (1.32%) WebSphere
9 5 (1.10%) Exchange Server 2010
10 4 (0.88%) BizTalk Server
10 4 (0.88%) OpenStack
11 3 (0.66%) WebLogic
12 2 (0.44%) Apache
12 2 (0.44%) CMS
12 2 (0.44%) Exchange Server 2013
12 2 (0.44%) SharePoint Server
13 1 (0.22%) Elasticsearch
13 1 (0.22%) nginx
13 1 (0.22%) WordPress
Applications
1 16 (3.52%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (2.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (2.42%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.22%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.88%) Dynamics AX
1 4 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.66%) Infor M3
3 2 (0.44%) Remedy AR System
3 2 (0.44%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.22%) Oracle Assets
4 1 (0.22%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.22%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.22%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.22%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 324 (71.37%) PaaS
2 265 (58.37%) Azure
3 150 (33.04%) AWS
4 136 (29.96%) SaaS
5 62 (13.66%) Office 365
6 59 (13.00%) GCP
7 44 (9.69%) GitHub
8 36 (7.93%) Serverless
9 30 (6.61%) Cloud Computing
10 27 (5.95%) Azure Active Directory
11 25 (5.51%) Slack
12 18 (3.96%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 16 (3.52%) Azure Functions
14 14 (3.08%) Power Platform
15 11 (2.42%) OpenShift
16 7 (1.54%) Datadog
17 6 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
17 6 (1.32%) AWS CloudFormation
17 6 (1.32%) Azure Data Factory
17 6 (1.32%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 62 (13.66%) Firewall
2 60 (13.22%) DNS
3 40 (8.81%) VPN
4 35 (7.71%) DHCP
5 32 (7.05%) WAN
6 25 (5.51%) VSAN
7 20 (4.41%) Wireless
8 19 (4.19%) Internet
9 16 (3.52%) Skype
10 13 (2.86%) DMZ
10 13 (2.86%) LAN
11 11 (2.42%) MPLS
11 11 (2.42%) SAN
12 10 (2.20%) Cisco Nexus
12 10 (2.20%) Intranet
12 10 (2.20%) Network Security
12 10 (2.20%) TCP/IP
13 9 (1.98%) Cisco ASA
13 9 (1.98%) VoIP
14 8 (1.76%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (7.05%) Azure SQL Database
1 32 (7.05%) SQL Server
2 12 (2.64%) Cosmos DB
3 11 (2.42%) Power BI
4 10 (2.20%) MongoDB
5 8 (1.76%) Big Data
6 7 (1.54%) NoSQL
6 7 (1.54%) Redis
7 6 (1.32%) DB2
7 6 (1.32%) MySQL
7 6 (1.32%) Relational Database
7 6 (1.32%) SAP HANA
7 6 (1.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 5 (1.10%) Data Warehouse
8 5 (1.10%) RDBMS
9 4 (0.88%) Amazon RDS
9 4 (0.88%) GIS
9 4 (0.88%) Hadoop
9 4 (0.88%) PostgreSQL
9 4 (0.88%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 74 (16.30%) Jenkins
2 47 (10.35%) Git (software)
3 37 (8.15%) Sonatype Nexus
4 35 (7.71%) JIRA
5 28 (6.17%) JUnit
5 28 (6.17%) Maven
6 27 (5.95%) Android Studio
6 27 (5.95%) CocoaPods
6 27 (5.95%) Mockito
6 27 (5.95%) Xcode
7 26 (5.73%) IntelliJ
8 14 (3.08%) Cypress.io
8 14 (3.08%) GitLab
9 11 (2.42%) TeamCity
10 10 (2.20%) Selenium
11 9 (1.98%) Cucumber
11 9 (1.98%) Jasmine
11 9 (1.98%) Octopus Deploy
11 9 (1.98%) WebDriver
12 8 (1.76%) Bitbucket
General
1 63 (13.88%) Finance
2 42 (9.25%) Banking
3 33 (7.27%) Public Sector
4 14 (3.08%) Retail
5 11 (2.42%) Pharmaceutical
6 6 (1.32%) Manufacturing
7 4 (0.88%) Investment Banking
8 3 (0.66%) Financial Institution
8 3 (0.66%) Marketing
8 3 (0.66%) Retail Banking
8 3 (0.66%) Telecoms
9 2 (0.44%) Billing
9 2 (0.44%) French Language
9 2 (0.44%) Legal
9 2 (0.44%) Local Government
9 2 (0.44%) Spanish Language
10 1 (0.22%) German Language
10 1 (0.22%) Italian Language
10 1 (0.22%) Polish Language
10 1 (0.22%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 141 (31.06%) Architect
2 51 (11.23%) Azure Engineer
3 41 (9.03%) DevOps Engineer
4 34 (7.49%) Developer
4 34 (7.49%) Solutions Architect
5 32 (7.05%) Cloud Architect
6 30 (6.61%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 28 (6.17%) Consultant
8 27 (5.95%) Azure Architect
8 27 (5.95%) Cloud Engineer
9 23 (5.07%) Azure DevOps
9 23 (5.07%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 16 (3.52%) Infrastructure Architect
10 16 (3.52%) Security Architect
11 15 (3.30%) Technical Architect
12 14 (3.08%) Enterprise Architect
13 13 (2.86%) Azure Specialist
14 12 (2.64%) AWS Architect
14 12 (2.64%) Lead Architect
15 11 (2.42%) VMware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (11.23%) JSON
2 46 (10.13%) REST
3 39 (8.59%) Node.js
4 31 (6.83%) Spring
5 29 (6.39%) React
6 28 (6.17%) .NET
7 27 (5.95%) Spring Boot
7 27 (5.95%) WireMock
8 22 (4.85%) RESTful
9 15 (3.30%) Web Services
10 13 (2.86%) LDAP
11 10 (2.20%) Gherkin
11 10 (2.20%) Oracle Fusion
12 9 (1.98%) ASP.NET
13 8 (1.76%) Task Parallel Library
14 7 (1.54%) Middleware
14 7 (1.54%) YAML
15 6 (1.32%) SAP Basis
15 6 (1.32%) SOAP
16 5 (1.10%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 57 (12.56%) Public Cloud
2 49 (10.79%) Data Centre
3 47 (10.35%) Hybrid Cloud
4 30 (6.61%) Mobile App
5 27 (5.95%) PKI
5 27 (5.95%) Private Cloud
6 16 (3.52%) Credit Risk
6 16 (3.52%) Self-Motivation
7 14 (3.08%) Cloud Native
8 12 (2.64%) Clustering
9 9 (1.98%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 8 (1.76%) Analytical Skills
10 8 (1.76%) Augmented Reality
10 8 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
10 8 (1.76%) Management Information System
11 7 (1.54%) Replication
11 7 (1.54%) User Experience
12 6 (1.32%) Algorithms
12 6 (1.32%) Client/Server
12 6 (1.32%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 126 (27.75%) Windows
2 85 (18.72%) Linux
3 55 (12.11%) Windows Server
4 29 (6.39%) Android
4 29 (6.39%) Apple iOS
5 22 (4.85%) Windows Server 2016
6 21 (4.63%) Windows Server 2012
7 18 (3.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 17 (3.74%) Windows 10
9 16 (3.52%) Windows Server 2008
9 16 (3.52%) Windows Server 2019
10 14 (3.08%) Ubuntu
11 13 (2.86%) Unix
12 9 (1.98%) Solaris
13 8 (1.76%) VMS
14 4 (0.88%) AIX
14 4 (0.88%) Windows NT
14 4 (0.88%) Windows XP
15 3 (0.66%) CentOS
16 2 (0.44%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 183 (40.31%) DevOps
2 148 (32.60%) Agile Software Development
3 83 (18.28%) Migration
4 59 (13.00%) Continuous Integration
5 56 (12.33%) Microservices
6 54 (11.89%) Scrum
7 50 (11.01%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 49 (10.79%) Infrastructure as Code
9 46 (10.13%) Test Automation
10 43 (9.47%) High Availability
11 42 (9.25%) Service Management
12 37 (8.15%) Scaled Agile Framework
13 35 (7.71%) Continuous Delivery
14 34 (7.49%) Kanban
15 32 (7.05%) TOGAF
16 31 (6.83%) TDD
17 30 (6.61%) Security Architecture
18 27 (5.95%) Android Development
18 27 (5.95%) BDD
18 27 (5.95%) iOS Development
Programming Languages
1 69 (15.20%) Java
1 69 (15.20%) PowerShell
2 65 (14.32%) Python
3 64 (14.10%) SQL
4 31 (6.83%) C#
5 27 (5.95%) Apple Swift
5 27 (5.95%) Java 8
5 27 (5.95%) Kotlin
6 22 (4.85%) Bash Shell
7 15 (3.30%) JavaScript
8 11 (2.42%) Go
9 5 (1.10%) Ruby
9 5 (1.10%) Scala
10 4 (0.88%) PHP
11 3 (0.66%) C
11 3 (0.66%) Groovy
11 3 (0.66%) Perl
12 2 (0.44%) C++
12 2 (0.44%) T-SQL
12 2 (0.44%) VB
Qualifications
1 103 (22.69%) Security Cleared
2 71 (15.64%) SC Cleared
3 28 (6.17%) DV Cleared
4 18 (3.96%) CISSP
5 16 (3.52%) AWS Certification
6 15 (3.30%) Microsoft Certification
7 8 (1.76%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 6 (1.32%) Cisco Certification
8 6 (1.32%) CISM
9 5 (1.10%) CCNA
9 5 (1.10%) CESG Certified Professional
9 5 (1.10%) CISA
9 5 (1.10%) CRISC
9 5 (1.10%) MCSE
9 5 (1.10%) TOGAF Certification
10 4 (0.88%) Degree
10 4 (0.88%) RHCE
10 4 (0.88%) RHCSA
11 3 (0.66%) CCNP
11 3 (0.66%) RHCVA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (3.30%) SLA
2 10 (2.20%) GDPR
2 10 (2.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 10 (2.20%) QA
3 9 (1.98%) PCI DSS
4 7 (1.54%) NIST
5 6 (1.32%) COBIT
5 6 (1.32%) Cyber Essentials
6 4 (0.88%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 4 (0.88%) JSP 440
6 4 (0.88%) NCSC
7 3 (0.66%) Basel III
8 2 (0.44%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 2 (0.44%) PMO
8 2 (0.44%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.22%) GMP
9 1 (0.22%) NIST 800
System Software
1 98 (21.59%) Active Directory
2 66 (14.54%) Docker
3 56 (12.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 35 (7.71%) Virtual Machines
5 34 (7.49%) VMware ESXi
6 21 (4.63%) VMware NSX
7 18 (3.96%) vSphere
8 13 (2.86%) Hyper-V
9 9 (1.98%) NFS
9 9 (1.98%) VMFS
10 4 (0.88%) Microsoft App-V
11 3 (0.66%) KVM
11 3 (0.66%) Xen
12 2 (0.44%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (0.44%) XenApp
13 1 (0.22%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 1 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
13 1 (0.22%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 1 (0.22%) Veritas Volume Manager
13 1 (0.22%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 96 (21.15%) Terraform
2 66 (14.54%) Kubernetes
3 53 (11.67%) Ansible
4 26 (5.73%) vCenter Server
5 24 (5.29%) vRealize
6 20 (4.41%) SCCM
7 19 (4.19%) Opscode Chef
8 14 (3.08%) Microsoft Intune
9 11 (2.42%) Single Sign-On
10 10 (2.20%) Puppet
11 9 (1.98%) SCOM
11 9 (1.98%) vMotion
12 7 (1.54%) Microsoft Clustering
12 7 (1.54%) Nessus
13 5 (1.10%) Consul
14 4 (0.88%) McAfee ePO
14 4 (0.88%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 4 (0.88%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 4 (0.88%) WSUS
15 3 (0.66%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 141 (31.06%) Microsoft
2 69 (15.20%) VMware
3 47 (10.35%) Oracle
4 46 (10.13%) Splunk
5 43 (9.47%) Cisco
6 41 (9.03%) Google
7 28 (6.17%) AppDynamics
8 26 (5.73%) Palo Alto
9 23 (5.07%) Dell
10 19 (4.19%) Red Hat
11 18 (3.96%) Fortinet
12 12 (2.64%) Citrix
13 11 (2.42%) Juniper
14 10 (2.20%) New Relic
14 10 (2.20%) ServiceNow
14 10 (2.20%) Veeam
15 9 (1.98%) SAP
15 9 (1.98%) SolarWinds
16 7 (1.54%) Atlassian
16 7 (1.54%) NetApp