Period
to 24 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 24 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 189 190 224
Rank change year-on-year +1 +34 -19
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,050 484 827
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.52% 1.42% 1.26%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.26% 4.25% 4.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 704 315 525
10th Percentile £408 £363 £363
25th Percentile £475 £419 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% -
75th Percentile £652 £588 £613
90th Percentile £750 £675 £700
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 15
10th Percentile £53.68 - £57.60
25th Percentile £66.70 - £74.38
Median hourly rate £77.50 £14.00 £80.00
Median % change year-on-year +453.57% -82.50% +40.97%
75th Percentile £81.25 £49.50 £82.50
90th Percentile £85.00 £70.80 -
UK median hourly rate £63.00 £28.25 £80.00
% change year-on-year +123.01% -64.69% +68.42%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,648 11,375 20,009
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.61% 33.41% 30.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,993 8,190 14,092
10th Percentile £319 £302 £280
25th Percentile £425 £400 £390
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £488 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.26% -2.50% -
75th Percentile £638 £578 £588
90th Percentile £720 £660 £675
UK median daily rate £530 £493 £488
% change year-on-year +7.45% +1.18% -1.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 382 205 291
10th Percentile £13.13 £12.50 £13.00
25th Percentile £15.09 £15.79 £16.02
Median hourly rate £20.96 £22.00 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year -4.75% +10.00% +14.29%
75th Percentile £38.75 £45.00 £38.00
90th Percentile £63.18 £60.00 £73.75
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £22.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year -6.67% +12.50% +14.29%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 24 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -22 591 £563 +12.50% 152
South East -20 127 £575 +4.55% 61
North of England -7 101 £525 +5.00% 66
South West -3 65 £477 +9.97% 8
Midlands -33 55 £575 +15.00% 22
Yorkshire -13 54 £550 +22.22% 24
North West -13 45 £525 +5.00% 34
West Midlands -29 33 £550 +22.22% 17
East Midlands -23 21 £588 +45.06% 5
East of England -39 21 £575 +53.33% 17
North East +4 10 £698 +74.38% 8
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 24 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 779 (74.19%) PaaS
2 675 (64.29%) Azure
3 465 (44.29%) DevOps
4 417 (39.71%) SaaS
5 370 (35.24%) Microsoft
6 366 (34.86%) CI/CD
7 353 (33.62%) Agile Software Development
8 312 (29.71%) AWS
9 267 (25.43%) Terraform
10 262 (24.95%) Kubernetes
11 252 (24.00%) Infrastructure as Code
12 237 (22.57%) Migration
13 236 (22.48%) Windows
14 230 (21.90%) Finance
15 217 (20.67%) Docker
16 213 (20.29%) Linux
17 209 (19.90%) PowerShell
18 201 (19.14%) Social Skills
19 191 (18.19%) Microservices
20 185 (17.62%) Active Directory
21 159 (15.14%) Security Cleared
22 155 (14.76%) Ansible
23 152 (14.48%) VMware
24 148 (14.10%) Firewall
25 147 (14.00%) Java
25 147 (14.00%) Public Cloud
26 144 (13.71%) SQL
27 137 (13.05%) Python
28 129 (12.29%) SC Cleared
29 122 (11.62%) SQL Server

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (4.10%) SharePoint
2 41 (3.90%) IIS
3 34 (3.24%) Apache
4 31 (2.95%) JBoss
5 25 (2.38%) OpenStack
6 23 (2.19%) MS Exchange
7 21 (2.00%) Cloud Foundry
8 20 (1.90%) Confluence
8 20 (1.90%) Tomcat
9 19 (1.81%) WebSphere
10 14 (1.33%) Apache Spark
11 11 (1.05%) Exchange Server 2010
11 11 (1.05%) Skype for Business
12 10 (0.95%) nginx
13 9 (0.86%) NetWeaver
13 9 (0.86%) WebLogic
14 8 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 7 (0.67%) Exchange Server 2013
16 6 (0.57%) Elasticsearch
17 4 (0.38%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 19 (1.81%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (1.14%) MS Visio
3 8 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 24 (2.29%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.95%) Oracle Applications
3 6 (0.57%) SAP ERP
4 4 (0.38%) Oracle ERP
4 4 (0.38%) Primavera
5 3 (0.29%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.29%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.095%) Cerner Millennium
7 1 (0.095%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.095%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.095%) SAP IS-U
7 1 (0.095%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 779 (74.19%) PaaS
2 675 (64.29%) Azure
3 417 (39.71%) SaaS
4 312 (29.71%) AWS
5 121 (11.52%) Serverless
6 113 (10.76%) Microsoft 365
7 109 (10.38%) Azure Active Directory
8 80 (7.62%) AWS CloudFormation
9 77 (7.33%) GCP
10 71 (6.76%) GitHub
11 58 (5.52%) Azure Functions
12 50 (4.76%) Power Platform
13 47 (4.48%) Azure Logic Apps
14 38 (3.62%) Cloud Computing
15 34 (3.24%) Azure Monitor
16 33 (3.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 32 (3.05%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 29 (2.76%) Amazon EC2
19 27 (2.57%) OpenShift
20 26 (2.48%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 148 (14.10%) Firewall
2 83 (7.90%) DNS
3 64 (6.10%) Network Security
3 64 (6.10%) VPN
4 56 (5.33%) WAN
5 44 (4.19%) SSL
6 37 (3.52%) DHCP
7 33 (3.14%) Internet
8 30 (2.86%) TCP/IP
9 29 (2.76%) IPsec
10 23 (2.19%) LAN
10 23 (2.19%) SAN
11 22 (2.10%) HTTP
12 21 (2.00%) Wireless
13 20 (1.90%) IKE
13 20 (1.90%) Skype
13 20 (1.90%) Wi-Fi
14 17 (1.62%) SD-WAN
15 15 (1.43%) NetScaler
16 14 (1.33%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 122 (11.62%) SQL Server
2 38 (3.62%) Azure SQL Database
3 34 (3.24%) PostgreSQL
4 31 (2.95%) NoSQL
5 27 (2.57%) Data Warehouse
6 25 (2.38%) Data Lake
7 24 (2.29%) DB2
7 24 (2.29%) MongoDB
8 23 (2.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 22 (2.10%) MySQL
10 21 (2.00%) Big Data
10 21 (2.00%) Relational Database
11 18 (1.71%) Power BI
12 13 (1.24%) BigQuery
13 12 (1.14%) SQL Server 2012
14 11 (1.05%) Amazon RDS
14 11 (1.05%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
14 11 (1.05%) SQL Server 2014
14 11 (1.05%) Tableau
15 10 (0.95%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 121 (11.52%) Jenkins
2 112 (10.67%) Git (software)
3 55 (5.24%) SonarQube
4 53 (5.05%) Selenium
5 48 (4.57%) TeamCity
6 46 (4.38%) Sonatype Nexus
7 44 (4.19%) JIRA
8 43 (4.10%) Cucumber
9 40 (3.81%) GitLab
9 40 (3.81%) Maven
10 30 (2.86%) Gradle
11 29 (2.76%) Bitbucket
12 23 (2.19%) Robot Framework
13 19 (1.81%) Subversion
14 17 (1.62%) Artifactory
15 9 (0.86%) webpack
15 9 (0.86%) Zephyr
16 8 (0.76%) Visual Studio Team System
17 7 (0.67%) Eclipse
17 7 (0.67%) Visual Studio
General
1 230 (21.90%) Finance
2 201 (19.14%) Social Skills
3 97 (9.24%) Public Sector
4 84 (8.00%) Analytical Skills
5 60 (5.71%) Banking
5 60 (5.71%) Telecoms
6 41 (3.90%) Electronics
7 39 (3.71%) Manufacturing
8 38 (3.62%) Marketing
9 32 (3.05%) Presentation Skills
10 25 (2.38%) Law
11 20 (1.90%) Legal
12 18 (1.71%) Front Office
12 18 (1.71%) Games
13 17 (1.62%) Retail
14 15 (1.43%) Documentation Skills
15 14 (1.33%) Back Office
16 11 (1.05%) Financial Institution
17 9 (0.86%) Influencing Skills
18 8 (0.76%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 331 (31.52%) Architect
2 133 (12.67%) Azure Engineer
3 121 (11.52%) Solutions Architect
4 119 (11.33%) DevOps Engineer
5 103 (9.81%) Cloud Engineer
6 91 (8.67%) Azure Architect
7 90 (8.57%) Developer
8 83 (7.90%) Cloud Architect
9 77 (7.33%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 61 (5.81%) Consultant
11 58 (5.52%) AWS Engineer
12 49 (4.67%) Security Architect
13 41 (3.90%) Azure DevOps
14 40 (3.81%) Technical Architect
15 37 (3.52%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 32 (3.05%) Cloud Solutions Architect
17 30 (2.86%) Platform Engineer
18 27 (2.57%) Infrastructure Architect
18 27 (2.57%) Senior Architect
19 26 (2.48%) Azure Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 80 (7.62%) .NET
2 63 (6.00%) JSON
3 50 (4.76%) REST
4 47 (4.48%) ARM Templates
5 45 (4.29%) Node.js
6 39 (3.71%) Middleware
6 39 (3.71%) OAuth
7 36 (3.43%) HTML
8 35 (3.33%) CSS
9 32 (3.05%) Kafka
10 28 (2.67%) YAML
11 27 (2.57%) OAuth2
12 25 (2.38%) React
12 25 (2.38%) XML
13 24 (2.29%) Web Services
14 18 (1.71%) RESTful
15 17 (1.62%) AngularJS
15 17 (1.62%) OpenID
16 16 (1.52%) Spring
17 15 (1.43%) Oracle Fusion
Miscellaneous
1 147 (14.00%) Public Cloud
2 76 (7.24%) Data Centre
3 68 (6.48%) Cloud Native
4 59 (5.62%) Private Cloud
5 57 (5.43%) Management Information System
6 55 (5.24%) PKI
7 50 (4.76%) Hybrid Cloud
8 35 (3.33%) Greenfield Project
9 32 (3.05%) Data Protection Act
10 27 (2.57%) Enterprise Software
11 20 (1.90%) Clustering
11 20 (1.90%) Replication
12 18 (1.71%) User Experience
13 17 (1.62%) Enterprise Cloud
14 14 (1.33%) Linux Command Line
15 13 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
16 10 (0.95%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
16 10 (0.95%) Hedge funds
17 9 (0.86%) Virtual Team
18 8 (0.76%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 236 (22.48%) Windows
2 213 (20.29%) Linux
3 117 (11.14%) Windows Server
4 85 (8.10%) Unix
5 38 (3.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 30 (2.86%) Windows Server 2012
7 25 (2.38%) Windows Server 2016
8 23 (2.19%) Windows Server 2008
9 21 (2.00%) Ubuntu
10 15 (1.43%) Windows Server 2019
11 13 (1.24%) VMS
12 12 (1.14%) AIX
12 12 (1.14%) CentOS
12 12 (1.14%) Windows 10
13 8 (0.76%) Mac OS X
14 7 (0.67%) Amazon Linux
14 7 (0.67%) Debian
14 7 (0.67%) Oracle Linux
15 5 (0.48%) Apple iOS
15 5 (0.48%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 465 (44.29%) DevOps
2 366 (34.86%) CI/CD
3 353 (33.62%) Agile Software Development
4 252 (24.00%) Infrastructure as Code
5 237 (22.57%) Migration
6 191 (18.19%) Microservices
7 110 (10.48%) Problem-Solving
8 104 (9.90%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 99 (9.43%) ITIL
10 96 (9.14%) Continuous Integration
11 92 (8.76%) Analytics
12 90 (8.57%) Test Automation
13 89 (8.48%) Open Source
14 87 (8.29%) Scrum
15 86 (8.19%) Business Intelligence
16 82 (7.81%) Data Protection
17 81 (7.71%) Configuration Management
18 78 (7.43%) Disaster Recovery
19 75 (7.14%) Continuous Delivery
20 73 (6.95%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 209 (19.90%) PowerShell
2 147 (14.00%) Java
3 144 (13.71%) SQL
4 137 (13.05%) Python
5 98 (9.33%) JavaScript
6 67 (6.38%) Bash
7 55 (5.24%) C#
8 17 (1.62%) Shell Script
9 16 (1.52%) Ruby
10 11 (1.05%) PL/SQL
10 11 (1.05%) TypeScript
11 10 (0.95%) Bicep
11 10 (0.95%) T-SQL
12 9 (0.86%) Scala
13 8 (0.76%) Perl
14 7 (0.67%) ES6
14 7 (0.67%) R
15 6 (0.57%) Ada
15 6 (0.57%) C++
15 6 (0.57%) Go
Qualifications
1 159 (15.14%) Security Cleared
2 129 (12.29%) SC Cleared
3 49 (4.67%) Degree
4 32 (3.05%) Microsoft Certification
5 24 (2.29%) DV Cleared
6 21 (2.00%) AWS Certification
6 21 (2.00%) CISSP
7 19 (1.81%) MCSE
8 16 (1.52%) Computer Science Degree
9 14 (1.33%) BPSS Clearance
9 14 (1.33%) Cisco Certification
10 8 (0.76%) CCIE
10 8 (0.76%) CISM
11 5 (0.48%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 5 (0.48%) CCSP
11 5 (0.48%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 4 (0.38%) CCIE Security
12 4 (0.38%) CREST Certified
12 4 (0.38%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 4 (0.38%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (5.24%) GDPR
2 51 (4.86%) QA
3 37 (3.52%) SLA
4 21 (2.00%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 19 (1.81%) PCI DSS
6 14 (1.33%) NIST
7 13 (1.24%) Data Quality
8 10 (0.95%) COBIT
8 10 (0.95%) GAAP
8 10 (0.95%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 7 (0.67%) NIST 800
10 6 (0.57%) Cyber Essentials
10 6 (0.57%) Disclosure Scotland
11 5 (0.48%) JSP 440
12 4 (0.38%) NCSC
12 4 (0.38%) RMADS
12 4 (0.38%) SOC 2
13 3 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 2 (0.19%) Accessibility
14 2 (0.19%) FedRAMP
System Software
1 217 (20.67%) Docker
2 185 (17.62%) Active Directory
3 99 (9.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (3.14%) Virtual Machines
5 31 (2.95%) Hyper-V
6 22 (2.10%) vCloud
6 22 (2.10%) VMware ESXi
6 22 (2.10%) VMware Workstation
7 19 (1.81%) vSphere
8 13 (1.24%) Virtual Desktop
9 5 (0.48%) BitLocker
10 3 (0.29%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.19%) KVM
11 2 (0.19%) NFS
11 2 (0.19%) Squid
12 1 (0.095%) Oracle RAC
12 1 (0.095%) Terminal Server
12 1 (0.095%) Terminal Services
12 1 (0.095%) VMware Server
12 1 (0.095%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 267 (25.43%) Terraform
2 262 (24.95%) Kubernetes
3 155 (14.76%) Ansible
4 49 (4.67%) Puppet
5 41 (3.90%) SCCM
6 21 (2.00%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 20 (1.90%) Netcool
8 18 (1.71%) Opscode Chef
9 17 (1.62%) Single Sign-On
10 16 (1.52%) Microsoft Intune
11 13 (1.24%) Prometheus
12 11 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
12 11 (1.05%) Microsoft Clustering
13 10 (0.95%) Grafana
14 8 (0.76%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 7 (0.67%) CASB
15 7 (0.67%) HAProxy
15 7 (0.67%) SCVMM
16 6 (0.57%) SCOM
16 6 (0.57%) WSUS
Vendors
1 370 (35.24%) Microsoft
2 152 (14.48%) VMware
3 100 (9.52%) Oracle
4 65 (6.19%) SAP
5 60 (5.71%) Google
6 57 (5.43%) Cisco
7 56 (5.33%) Splunk
8 53 (5.05%) Databricks
9 43 (4.10%) Red Hat
10 35 (3.33%) AppDynamics
11 31 (2.95%) Citrix
12 28 (2.67%) New Relic
13 27 (2.57%) IBM
14 23 (2.19%) CA
14 23 (2.19%) Sitecore
15 20 (1.90%) ServiceNow
16 19 (1.81%) F5
17 15 (1.43%) NetApp
18 12 (1.14%) Dell
18 12 (1.14%) HP