Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 208 190 224
Rank change year-on-year -18 +34 +22
Contract jobs citing IaaS 675 1,324 1,122
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.19% 1.50% 1.20%
As % of the Cloud Services category 3.88% 5.44% 5.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 426 914 753
Median daily rate £528 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.48% +2.44% +7.61%
10th Percentile £363 £400 £363
90th Percentile £701 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £528 £525 £513
% change year-on-year +0.48% +2.44% +7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 3 3
Median hourly rate £35.00 £52.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.69% +48.57% -22.22%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £52.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year -32.69% +48.57% -22.22%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 17,386 24,319 19,060
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.60% 27.51% 20.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,784 16,932 13,186
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £288 £313 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 337 276 234
Median hourly rate £24.20 £18.25 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.58% -8.75% +5.26%
10th Percentile £14.00 £12.06 £11.40
90th Percentile £56.75 £58.75 £48.03
Median hourly rate £23.19 £18.66 £18.95
% change year-on-year +24.28% -1.50% +5.25%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 288 £575 +6.98% 83
North of England +47 134 £500 - 50
South East -42 134 £520 -0.95% 43
Yorkshire +64 68 £525 +16.67% 22
South West +16 49 £500 +5.26% 14
North West +29 45 £450 -14.29% 26
Midlands -7 41 £550 +2.33% 23
West Midlands -1 39 £550 -0.90% 18
East of England +40 23 £450 +12.50% 12
North East +11 22 £438 -12.50% 2
East Midlands +19 2 £305 -32.22% 5
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 527 (78.07%) PaaS
2 524 (77.63%) Azure
3 293 (43.41%) Microsoft
4 292 (43.26%) DevOps
5 279 (41.33%) SaaS
6 230 (34.07%) Windows
7 201 (29.78%) PowerShell
8 183 (27.11%) AWS
9 180 (26.67%) Agile Software Development
10 172 (25.48%) SQL
11 157 (23.26%) Active Directory
12 154 (22.81%) Migration
13 124 (18.37%) VMware
14 113 (16.74%) Firewall
15 111 (16.44%) Ansible
16 103 (15.26%) Terraform
17 101 (14.96%) Kubernetes
17 101 (14.96%) DNS
18 98 (14.52%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 97 (14.37%) Azure Active Directory
20 92 (13.63%) Finance
20 92 (13.63%) Continuous Integration
20 92 (13.63%) Infrastructure as Code
21 89 (13.19%) Linux
22 88 (13.04%) Windows Server
23 85 (12.59%) SQL Server
24 84 (12.44%) VMware Infrastructure
25 83 (12.30%) Office 365
26 78 (11.56%) GCP
27 77 (11.41%) .NET

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (2.96%) Skype for Business
2 19 (2.81%) IIS
2 19 (2.81%) SharePoint
3 17 (2.52%) MS Exchange
4 14 (2.07%) OpenStack
5 12 (1.78%) Confluence
6 8 (1.19%) Apache
7 7 (1.04%) BizTalk Server
8 6 (0.89%) Exchange Server 2010
9 5 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
10 4 (0.59%) Apache Spark
10 4 (0.59%) Elasticsearch
10 4 (0.59%) Exchange Server 2013
11 3 (0.44%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
11 3 (0.44%) CMS
11 3 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (0.44%) Tomcat
12 2 (0.30%) ArcGIS
12 2 (0.30%) Jetty
12 2 (0.30%) WebLogic
Applications
1 41 (6.07%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.59%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.15%) Maya
4 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.59%) Elite 3E
2 3 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.44%) Oracle Cash Management
2 3 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.30%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.30%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.15%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.15%) Quorum
4 1 (0.15%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.15%) Sprinklr
Cloud Services
1 527 (78.07%) PaaS
2 524 (77.63%) Azure
3 279 (41.33%) SaaS
4 183 (27.11%) AWS
5 97 (14.37%) Azure Active Directory
6 83 (12.30%) Office 365
7 78 (11.56%) GCP
8 49 (7.26%) Power Platform
8 49 (7.26%) Serverless
9 32 (4.74%) Cloud Computing
10 26 (3.85%) GitHub
11 22 (3.26%) AWS CloudFormation
12 21 (3.11%) Azure Functions
13 19 (2.81%) Azure ExpressRoute
14 15 (2.22%) Stackdriver
15 13 (1.93%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 11 (1.63%) NuGet
16 11 (1.63%) OpenShift
17 10 (1.48%) Slack
18 9 (1.33%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 113 (16.74%) Firewall
2 101 (14.96%) DNS
3 54 (8.00%) VPN
4 49 (7.26%) DHCP
5 39 (5.78%) SAN
6 37 (5.48%) Network Security
7 34 (5.04%) TCP/IP
8 33 (4.89%) WAN
9 28 (4.15%) LAN
10 19 (2.81%) NAS
11 18 (2.67%) Skype
12 16 (2.37%) Internet
13 13 (1.93%) DMZ
13 13 (1.93%) Wi-Fi
14 12 (1.78%) Reverse Proxy
15 11 (1.63%) MPLS
15 11 (1.63%) NetScaler
15 11 (1.63%) VoIP
16 9 (1.33%) Kerberos
16 9 (1.33%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (12.59%) SQL Server
2 47 (6.96%) Power BI
2 47 (6.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 41 (6.07%) Azure SQL Database
4 33 (4.89%) Data Lake
5 32 (4.74%) HDInsight
6 21 (3.11%) MySQL
6 21 (3.11%) PostgreSQL
7 19 (2.81%) SQL Server 2016
8 16 (2.37%) Relational Database
9 15 (2.22%) Data Warehouse
10 14 (2.07%) NoSQL
11 13 (1.93%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
11 13 (1.93%) Big Data
11 13 (1.93%) SQL Server 2012
12 11 (1.63%) Oracle Database
12 11 (1.63%) RDBMS
13 9 (1.33%) SQL Server 2014
14 8 (1.19%) MongoDB
15 7 (1.04%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 55 (8.15%) Git (software)
2 46 (6.81%) Jenkins
3 41 (6.07%) Visual Studio
4 30 (4.44%) JIRA
5 25 (3.70%) Visual Studio Team System
6 19 (2.81%) TeamCity
7 17 (2.52%) Octopus Deploy
8 16 (2.37%) GitLab
9 15 (2.22%) Team Foundation Server
10 14 (2.07%) Artifactory
11 11 (1.63%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 8 (1.19%) Bitbucket
12 8 (1.19%) Subversion
13 7 (1.04%) Sonatype Nexus
14 5 (0.74%) Cucumber
14 5 (0.74%) Selenium
15 4 (0.59%) Grunt
15 4 (0.59%) gulp
15 4 (0.59%) webpack
16 3 (0.44%) Zephyr
General
1 92 (13.63%) Finance
2 50 (7.41%) Public Sector
3 21 (3.11%) Banking
4 20 (2.96%) Telecoms
5 19 (2.81%) Manufacturing
6 18 (2.67%) Marketing
7 13 (1.93%) Electronics
8 10 (1.48%) Retail
9 7 (1.04%) Front Office
9 7 (1.04%) Investment Banking
10 5 (0.74%) Advertising
10 5 (0.74%) Back Office
11 4 (0.59%) Billing
11 4 (0.59%) German Language
11 4 (0.59%) Law
12 3 (0.44%) French Language
12 3 (0.44%) Games
12 3 (0.44%) Legal
12 3 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.30%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 222 (32.89%) Architect
2 102 (15.11%) DevOps Engineer
3 92 (13.63%) Azure Engineer
4 68 (10.07%) Cloud Architect
4 68 (10.07%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 65 (9.63%) Azure Architect
6 62 (9.19%) Solutions Architect
7 54 (8.00%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 48 (7.11%) Consultant
9 47 (6.96%) Azure DevOps
10 45 (6.67%) Cloud Engineer
11 40 (5.93%) Developer
12 31 (4.59%) Security Architect
13 25 (3.70%) Azure Consultant
13 25 (3.70%) Windows Engineer
14 22 (3.26%) Technical Architect
15 19 (2.81%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
16 18 (2.67%) Cloud Consultant
16 18 (2.67%) Office 365 Engineer
17 17 (2.52%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 77 (11.41%) .NET
2 59 (8.74%) Web Services
3 34 (5.04%) JSON
4 23 (3.41%) XML
5 22 (3.26%) Node.js
6 20 (2.96%) AngularJS
6 20 (2.96%) OAuth
7 18 (2.67%) YAML
8 16 (2.37%) Middleware
8 16 (2.37%) React
8 16 (2.37%) REST
8 16 (2.37%) SAML
9 15 (2.22%) .NET Core
10 12 (1.78%) OpenID
11 11 (1.63%) Velocity
12 10 (1.48%) ASP.NET
12 10 (1.48%) HTML
13 9 (1.33%) CSS
13 9 (1.33%) LDAP
14 8 (1.19%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 73 (10.81%) Public Cloud
2 68 (10.07%) Data Centre
3 51 (7.56%) Hybrid Cloud
4 36 (5.33%) Cloud Native
5 30 (4.44%) Enterprise Software
6 25 (3.70%) Replication
7 23 (3.41%) Private Cloud
8 22 (3.26%) Management Information System
9 20 (2.96%) Analytical Skills
10 18 (2.67%) Clustering
11 16 (2.37%) PKI
12 13 (1.93%) Social Media
13 12 (1.78%) User Experience
14 9 (1.33%) Greenfield Project
14 9 (1.33%) Mainframe
15 8 (1.19%) Enterprise Storage
15 8 (1.19%) NHS
15 8 (1.19%) Virtual Team
16 6 (0.89%) FMCG
17 5 (0.74%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 230 (34.07%) Windows
2 89 (13.19%) Linux
3 88 (13.04%) Windows Server
4 42 (6.22%) Windows 10
5 29 (4.30%) Windows Server 2012
6 28 (4.15%) Windows Server 2016
7 26 (3.85%) Unix
8 23 (3.41%) Windows Server 2008
9 20 (2.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 18 (2.67%) VMS
11 8 (1.19%) Windows 7
12 7 (1.04%) Android
12 7 (1.04%) Windows Server 2019
13 5 (0.74%) Apple iOS
13 5 (0.74%) Ubuntu
14 4 (0.59%) CentOS
14 4 (0.59%) Solaris
14 4 (0.59%) Windows 8
15 2 (0.30%) AIX
15 2 (0.30%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 292 (43.26%) DevOps
2 180 (26.67%) Agile Software Development
3 154 (22.81%) Migration
4 98 (14.52%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 92 (13.63%) Continuous Integration
5 92 (13.63%) Infrastructure as Code
6 73 (10.81%) Analytics
7 70 (10.37%) Business Intelligence
8 63 (9.33%) Microservices
9 61 (9.04%) Test Automation
10 58 (8.59%) Continuous Delivery
11 55 (8.15%) Data Management
12 50 (7.41%) ITIL
12 50 (7.41%) Scrum
13 45 (6.67%) SOA
14 39 (5.78%) Project Delivery
15 38 (5.63%) Configuration Management
16 35 (5.19%) Problem-Solving
17 34 (5.04%) Disaster Recovery
18 33 (4.89%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 201 (29.78%) PowerShell
2 172 (25.48%) SQL
3 62 (9.19%) Python
4 45 (6.67%) C#
5 37 (5.48%) Java
6 33 (4.89%) JavaScript
7 21 (3.11%) Bash Shell
8 16 (2.37%) Ruby
9 14 (2.07%) T-SQL
10 11 (1.63%) Shell Script
11 10 (1.48%) C
12 9 (1.33%) PHP
13 8 (1.19%) TypeScript
14 6 (0.89%) Perl
14 6 (0.89%) R
15 4 (0.59%) ES6
15 4 (0.59%) Go
15 4 (0.59%) PL/SQL
15 4 (0.59%) VB
16 3 (0.44%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 73 (10.81%) Security Cleared
2 48 (7.11%) Degree
3 43 (6.37%) SC Cleared
4 29 (4.30%) Microsoft Certification
5 23 (3.41%) DV Cleared
6 20 (2.96%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (1.63%) BPSS Clearance
7 11 (1.63%) Cisco Certification
7 11 (1.63%) MCSE
8 9 (1.33%) CCNA
9 8 (1.19%) CISSP
9 8 (1.19%) MCSA
10 7 (1.04%) AWS Certification
11 6 (0.89%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 5 (0.74%) CISM
13 4 (0.59%) Citrix Certification
13 4 (0.59%) MCP
13 4 (0.59%) RIBA
14 3 (0.44%) TOGAF Certification
15 2 (0.30%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (2.81%) GDPR
2 18 (2.67%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 14 (2.07%) QA
4 9 (1.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 9 (1.33%) SLA
5 7 (1.04%) GxP
5 7 (1.04%) NIST
6 5 (0.74%) Cyber Essentials
7 4 (0.59%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 3 (0.44%) NCSC
8 3 (0.44%) NIST 800
9 2 (0.30%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.30%) HL7
9 2 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.30%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.15%) COBIT
System Software
1 157 (23.26%) Active Directory
2 84 (12.44%) VMware Infrastructure
3 74 (10.96%) Docker
4 65 (9.63%) Virtual Machines
5 40 (5.93%) Hyper-V
6 38 (5.63%) vSphere
7 25 (3.70%) VMware ESXi
8 19 (2.81%) VMware NSX
9 13 (1.93%) XenApp
10 10 (1.48%) Virtual Servers
11 7 (1.04%) XenDesktop
12 5 (0.74%) VMware Workstation
13 4 (0.59%) Oracle RAC
14 3 (0.44%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 3 (0.44%) HDFS
14 3 (0.44%) NFS
14 3 (0.44%) Terminal Services
14 3 (0.44%) Virtual Desktop
15 2 (0.30%) KVM
15 2 (0.30%) VMFS
Systems Management
1 111 (16.44%) Ansible
2 103 (15.26%) Terraform
3 101 (14.96%) Kubernetes
4 43 (6.37%) Puppet
4 43 (6.37%) SCCM
5 36 (5.33%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (4.15%) Microsoft Intune
7 18 (2.67%) Single Sign-On
8 13 (1.93%) Microsoft Clustering
9 12 (1.78%) SCOM
9 12 (1.78%) WSUS
10 10 (1.48%) Norton AntiVirus
10 10 (1.48%) vCenter Server
11 7 (1.04%) NetBackup
12 6 (0.89%) Packer
12 6 (0.89%) vRealize
12 6 (0.89%) vRealize Orchestrator
13 5 (0.74%) AirWatch
13 5 (0.74%) Data Guard
13 5 (0.74%) Nessus
Vendors
1 293 (43.41%) Microsoft
2 124 (18.37%) VMware
3 58 (8.59%) Google
4 45 (6.67%) Cisco
5 40 (5.93%) Citrix
5 40 (5.93%) Oracle
6 27 (4.00%) SAP
7 26 (3.85%) Splunk
8 23 (3.41%) Informatica
9 18 (2.67%) Symantec
10 15 (2.22%) Dell
11 14 (2.07%) HP
12 13 (1.93%) EMC
13 12 (1.78%) Tableau
14 11 (1.63%) Palo Alto
14 11 (1.63%) Red Hat
15 10 (1.48%) NetApp
16 9 (1.33%) Dynatrace
16 9 (1.33%) TOWER Software
17 8 (1.19%) Reuters