Period
to 19 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 19 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 229 283 253
Rank change year-on-year +54 -30 +249
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,161 865 1,018
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.23% 0.93% 1.05%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.21% 5.56% 8.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 741 578 719
England median daily rate £500 £501 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.10% +0.10% -
10th Percentile £364 £363 £350
90th Percentile £650 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 6
England median hourly rate £47.50 £42.18 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.61% +22.26% -
10th Percentile £46.25 £35.92 £31.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.44 £45.44
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £42.18 £34.50
% change year-on-year -2.20% +22.26% -

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 22,297 15,557 11,790
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 23.61% 16.68% 12.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,584 10,873 8,125
England median daily rate £497 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.58% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £306 £275 £281
90th Percentile £650 £625 £605
UK median daily rate £488 £470 £450
% change year-on-year +3.72% +4.44% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 297 199 168
England median hourly rate £17.50 £20.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +5.26% -12.20%
10th Percentile £11.27 £10.99 £12.18
90th Percentile £60.00 £60.00 £56.79
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £19.00 £18.55
% change year-on-year -7.89% +2.45% -14.30%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 19 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +59 574 £525 -1.87% 100
South East +4 273 £475 -5.00% 53
North of England +61 138 £488 +2.63% 42
Midlands +10 104 £475 +5.56% 19
West Midlands -5 73 £480 +12.94% 11
Yorkshire +16 64 £488 - 22
North West +22 52 £500 +2.56% 19
South West -10 42 £433 -1.14% 18
East of England -6 30 £480 -4.00% 14
East Midlands +10 27 £425 -15.00% 8
North East +10 22 £448 -5.79% 1
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 19 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 849 (73.13%) PaaS
2 725 (62.45%) Microsoft Azure
3 417 (35.92%) Microsoft
4 414 (35.66%) SaaS
5 384 (33.07%) DevOps
6 366 (31.52%) Windows
7 344 (29.63%) Amazon AWS
8 332 (28.60%) Agile Software Development
9 299 (25.75%) Linux
10 267 (23.00%) PowerShell
11 225 (19.38%) Active Directory
12 218 (18.78%) SQL
13 198 (17.05%) VMware
14 172 (14.81%) Firewall
15 171 (14.73%) Migration
16 170 (14.64%) Finance
17 169 (14.56%) Windows Server
18 157 (13.52%) Jenkins
19 156 (13.44%) Office 365
20 147 (12.66%) Ansible
21 141 (12.14%) Security Cleared
22 140 (12.06%) Public Cloud
23 137 (11.80%) SQL Server
24 129 (11.11%) Docker
25 125 (10.77%) Oracle
26 120 (10.34%) Puppet
27 118 (10.16%) Java
27 118 (10.16%) ITIL
28 117 (10.08%) SC Cleared
29 116 (9.99%) JSON

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 71 (6.12%) SharePoint
2 48 (4.13%) OpenStack
3 44 (3.79%) Confluence
4 36 (3.10%) Skype for Business
5 35 (3.01%) IIS
6 24 (2.07%) MS Exchange
7 20 (1.72%) Cloud Foundry
7 20 (1.72%) WebLogic
8 18 (1.55%) Tomcat
9 17 (1.46%) Apache
10 12 (1.03%) CMS
10 12 (1.03%) Oracle Service Bus
10 12 (1.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 11 (0.95%) BizTalk Server
12 9 (0.78%) SharePoint 2013
13 8 (0.69%) Elasticsearch
13 8 (0.69%) Exchange Server 2010
14 7 (0.60%) Apache Spark
14 7 (0.60%) Mule
15 6 (0.52%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 31 (2.67%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.21%) Chatbot
3 12 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.26%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.17%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 18 (1.55%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.69%) Remedy ITSM
3 5 (0.43%) Oracle EBS
4 4 (0.34%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.26%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.17%) Temenos T24
7 1 (0.086%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.086%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.086%) Infor M3
7 1 (0.086%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.086%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.086%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 1 (0.086%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 849 (73.13%) PaaS
2 725 (62.45%) Microsoft Azure
3 414 (35.66%) SaaS
4 344 (29.63%) Amazon AWS
5 156 (13.44%) Office 365
6 110 (9.47%) Azure Active Directory
7 57 (4.91%) Cloud Computing
8 52 (4.48%) Google Cloud Platform
9 41 (3.53%) AWS CloudFormation
9 41 (3.53%) Serverless
10 30 (2.58%) OpenShift
11 28 (2.41%) Dynamics 365
12 24 (2.07%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 23 (1.98%) Amazon S3
13 23 (1.98%) AWS Lambda
14 22 (1.89%) Amazon EC2
15 18 (1.55%) GitHub
16 17 (1.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 16 (1.38%) OneDrive
18 15 (1.29%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 172 (14.81%) Firewall
2 92 (7.92%) DNS
3 74 (6.37%) VPN
4 46 (3.96%) WAN
5 44 (3.79%) SAN
6 42 (3.62%) Network Security
7 41 (3.53%) LAN
8 40 (3.45%) SSL
9 39 (3.36%) TCP/IP
10 33 (2.84%) Skype
11 26 (2.24%) HTTP
12 23 (1.98%) DHCP
13 21 (1.81%) Internet
13 21 (1.81%) NetScaler
14 20 (1.72%) Wireless
15 16 (1.38%) Cisco ASA
15 16 (1.38%) Intrusion Detection
16 13 (1.12%) ICMP
17 11 (0.95%) Kerberos
17 11 (0.95%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 137 (11.80%) SQL Server
2 48 (4.13%) Big Data
3 43 (3.70%) MongoDB
4 37 (3.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 35 (3.01%) Power BI
6 33 (2.84%) Azure SQL Database
7 32 (2.76%) NoSQL
8 31 (2.67%) Amazon RDS
8 31 (2.67%) Hadoop
9 30 (2.58%) Oracle Database
9 30 (2.58%) PostgreSQL
10 28 (2.41%) Redis
11 26 (2.24%) Relational Database
12 25 (2.15%) Data Warehouse
12 25 (2.15%) MySQL
13 24 (2.07%) Data Lake
14 22 (1.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 21 (1.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 19 (1.64%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 18 (1.55%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 157 (13.52%) Jenkins
2 111 (9.56%) Visual Studio Team System
3 95 (8.18%) Git (software)
4 66 (5.68%) JIRA
5 53 (4.57%) Visual Studio
6 49 (4.22%) Octopus Deploy
7 48 (4.13%) Team Foundation Server
8 44 (3.79%) TeamCity
9 36 (3.10%) Selenium
10 29 (2.50%) GitLab
11 27 (2.33%) Maven
12 23 (1.98%) Bitbucket
13 17 (1.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 17 (1.46%) Sonatype Nexus
14 15 (1.29%) Cucumber
15 14 (1.21%) IBM UrbanCode
16 12 (1.03%) Artifactory
17 11 (0.95%) CircleCI
17 11 (0.95%) Travis CI
18 10 (0.86%) JUnit
General
1 170 (14.64%) Finance
2 58 (5.00%) Banking
3 45 (3.88%) Retail
4 36 (3.10%) Telecoms
5 22 (1.89%) Law
6 19 (1.64%) Legal
7 17 (1.46%) Financial Institution
8 14 (1.21%) Billing
9 6 (0.52%) Games
9 6 (0.52%) Investment Banking
10 5 (0.43%) Manufacturing
10 5 (0.43%) Marketing
11 4 (0.34%) Electronics
12 3 (0.26%) Advertising
12 3 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.17%) French Language
13 2 (0.17%) Retail Banking
14 1 (0.086%) German Language
14 1 (0.086%) Italian Language
14 1 (0.086%) Japanese Language
Job Titles
1 343 (29.54%) Architect
2 192 (16.54%) DevOps Engineer
3 132 (11.37%) Azure Engineer
4 107 (9.22%) Cloud Architect
5 101 (8.70%) Azure Architect
6 95 (8.18%) Solutions Architect
7 90 (7.75%) Azure DevOps
8 89 (7.67%) Developer
9 84 (7.24%) Consultant
10 69 (5.94%) Cloud Engineer
11 65 (5.60%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 58 (5.00%) Infrastructure Architect
13 47 (4.05%) Technical Architect
14 45 (3.88%) Azure Consultant
15 41 (3.53%) Analyst
16 40 (3.45%) AWS Engineer
17 38 (3.27%) AWS Architect
18 37 (3.19%) Infrastructure Engineer
19 29 (2.50%) DBA
19 29 (2.50%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 116 (9.99%) JSON
2 96 (8.27%) .NET
3 62 (5.34%) Web Services
4 52 (4.48%) Middleware
5 45 (3.88%) RESTful
6 38 (3.27%) Node.js
7 35 (3.01%) OAuth
7 35 (3.01%) SOAP
8 28 (2.41%) XML
9 27 (2.33%) React
10 26 (2.24%) SAML
11 25 (2.15%) jQuery
12 24 (2.07%) HTML
12 24 (2.07%) RabbitMQ
13 23 (1.98%) Elastic Stack
13 23 (1.98%) Java EE
13 23 (1.98%) Spring
14 21 (1.81%) REST
15 19 (1.64%) CSS
15 19 (1.64%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 140 (12.06%) Public Cloud
2 77 (6.63%) Data Centre
3 70 (6.03%) Hybrid Cloud
4 68 (5.86%) Management Information System
5 55 (4.74%) Analytical Skills
6 38 (3.27%) Private Cloud
7 32 (2.76%) PKI
8 27 (2.33%) Cloud Native
9 25 (2.15%) Computer Science
9 25 (2.15%) Enterprise Software
9 25 (2.15%) Greenfield Project
10 24 (2.07%) User Experience
11 23 (1.98%) Replication
12 22 (1.89%) Clustering
12 22 (1.89%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 20 (1.72%) Self-Motivation
14 15 (1.29%) Mobile App
15 10 (0.86%) Data Structures
15 10 (0.86%) Virtual Team
16 9 (0.78%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 366 (31.52%) Windows
2 299 (25.75%) Linux
3 169 (14.56%) Windows Server
4 86 (7.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 66 (5.68%) Windows Server 2012
6 65 (5.60%) Unix
7 44 (3.79%) Windows 10
8 24 (2.07%) VMS
9 21 (1.81%) CentOS
10 18 (1.55%) AIX
11 17 (1.46%) Windows Server 2008
12 15 (1.29%) Windows Server 2003
13 14 (1.21%) Windows XP
14 10 (0.86%) OpenVMS
14 10 (0.86%) Ubuntu
15 9 (0.78%) Windows 7
16 6 (0.52%) Solaris
17 5 (0.43%) Apple iOS
17 5 (0.43%) Windows 8
18 4 (0.34%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 384 (33.07%) DevOps
2 332 (28.60%) Agile Software Development
3 171 (14.73%) Migration
4 118 (10.16%) ITIL
5 114 (9.82%) Continuous Integration
6 108 (9.30%) Scrum
7 96 (8.27%) Continuous Delivery
8 95 (8.18%) Configuration Management
9 85 (7.32%) Open Source
10 84 (7.24%) Analytics
11 82 (7.06%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 76 (6.55%) Service Management
13 75 (6.46%) Test Automation
14 70 (6.03%) Business Intelligence
15 66 (5.68%) Disaster Recovery
16 61 (5.25%) Problem-Solving
17 60 (5.17%) Information Security
18 58 (5.00%) Kanban
19 57 (4.91%) High Availability
19 57 (4.91%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 267 (23.00%) PowerShell
2 218 (18.78%) SQL
3 118 (10.16%) Java
4 116 (9.99%) Python
5 71 (6.12%) Bash Shell
5 71 (6.12%) C#
6 68 (5.86%) JavaScript
7 51 (4.39%) Ruby
8 36 (3.10%) Perl
9 21 (1.81%) Go
10 20 (1.72%) Shell Script
10 20 (1.72%) T-SQL
11 16 (1.38%) C
12 15 (1.29%) C++
13 12 (1.03%) R
14 9 (0.78%) Groovy
15 7 (0.60%) PHP
15 7 (0.60%) VB
16 6 (0.52%) F#
16 6 (0.52%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 141 (12.14%) Security Cleared
2 117 (10.08%) SC Cleared
3 51 (4.39%) Degree
4 35 (3.01%) Cisco Certification
5 30 (2.58%) Microsoft Certification
6 22 (1.89%) MCSE
7 21 (1.81%) CCNA
8 20 (1.72%) CISSP
9 18 (1.55%) Computer Science Degree
10 15 (1.29%) CISM
11 14 (1.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 12 (1.03%) TOGAF Certification
13 10 (0.86%) DV Cleared
14 9 (0.78%) AWS Certification
14 9 (0.78%) CISA
14 9 (0.78%) MCSA
15 8 (0.69%) CCNP
15 8 (0.69%) MCITP
16 7 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
16 7 (0.60%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (2.41%) QA
2 18 (1.55%) SLA
3 17 (1.46%) FedRAMP
3 17 (1.46%) GDPR
4 15 (1.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 10 (0.86%) HIPAA
5 10 (0.86%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 9 (0.78%) PMO
7 8 (0.69%) Government Security Classifications
8 7 (0.60%) Data Quality
9 5 (0.43%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.26%) NIST 800
10 3 (0.26%) WCAG
11 2 (0.17%) COBIT
12 1 (0.086%) Disclosure Scotland
12 1 (0.086%) HL7
12 1 (0.086%) RMADS
System Software
1 225 (19.38%) Active Directory
2 129 (11.11%) Docker
3 106 (9.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 64 (5.51%) Hyper-V
5 59 (5.08%) Virtual Machines
6 27 (2.33%) XenApp
7 24 (2.07%) VMware ESXi
7 24 (2.07%) vSphere
8 21 (1.81%) Oracle RAC
9 17 (1.46%) Virtual Servers
10 16 (1.38%) Microsoft App-V
11 14 (1.21%) XenDesktop
12 11 (0.95%) HDFS
12 11 (0.95%) KVM
13 9 (0.78%) vCloud
14 8 (0.69%) VMware Workstation
15 6 (0.52%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 4 (0.34%) LXC
16 4 (0.34%) XenServer
17 3 (0.26%) Xen
Systems Management
1 147 (12.66%) Ansible
2 120 (10.34%) Puppet
3 99 (8.53%) Opscode Chef
4 95 (8.18%) Terraform
5 88 (7.58%) Kubernetes
6 59 (5.08%) SCCM
7 32 (2.76%) SCOM
8 29 (2.50%) Single Sign-On
9 27 (2.33%) Microsoft Intune
10 23 (1.98%) WSUS
11 18 (1.55%) Salt
12 17 (1.46%) Microsoft Clustering
12 17 (1.46%) SCOrch
13 14 (1.21%) CASB
13 14 (1.21%) Data Guard
14 13 (1.12%) Nagios
14 13 (1.12%) Packer
15 12 (1.03%) CloudForms
16 11 (0.95%) Ambari
16 11 (0.95%) Oozie
Vendors
1 417 (35.92%) Microsoft
2 198 (17.05%) VMware
3 125 (10.77%) Oracle
4 81 (6.98%) Cisco
5 72 (6.20%) Red Hat
6 67 (5.77%) Google
7 55 (4.74%) Citrix
8 48 (4.13%) IBM
9 37 (3.19%) HP
10 35 (3.01%) SAP
11 31 (2.67%) Splunk
12 28 (2.41%) ServiceNow
13 20 (1.72%) F5
14 19 (1.64%) Dell
14 19 (1.64%) NetApp
15 18 (1.55%) 3PAR
15 18 (1.55%) AppDynamics
15 18 (1.55%) SaltStack
16 17 (1.46%) CA
17 16 (1.38%) EMC