Period
to 24 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 24 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 193 236 221
Rank change year-on-year +43 -15 +251
Contract jobs citing IaaS 1,353 1,029 1,049
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.48% 1.11% 1.17%
As % of the Cloud Services category 5.98% 6.13% 9.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 884 651 739
England median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £377 £363 £328
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 6
England median hourly rate £56.75 £35.00 £34.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +62.14% +2.94% -66.00%
10th Percentile £48.23 £35.00 £31.50
90th Percentile £64.28 £35.00 £40.00
UK median hourly rate £56.75 £35.00 £34.00
% change year-on-year +62.14% +2.94% -66.00%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 22,609 16,775 11,544
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 24.77% 18.12% 12.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,738 11,774 7,974
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £310 £288 £293
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 288 206 152
England median hourly rate £17.50 £18.81 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.98% -0.99% -12.20%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.13 £11.50
90th Percentile £49.13 £58.75 £56.87
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £19.63 £19.00
% change year-on-year -10.83% +3.29% -12.20%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 24 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +86 658 £525 -3.00% 121
South East +15 333 £500 +5.26% 52
North of England +19 162 £500 +11.11% 43
Midlands +20 105 £513 +9.04% 33
West Midlands +17 76 £563 +32.35% 16
South West -7 73 £475 -2.56% 22
North West +11 67 £500 -13.04% 22
Yorkshire +2 61 £488 +8.33% 19
North East -4 34 £488 +21.88% 2
East Midlands +11 25 £473 -5.50% 17
East of England +4 19 £494 -5.89% 18
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 24 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 986 (72.88%) PaaS
2 913 (67.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 476 (35.18%) DevOps
4 448 (33.11%) SaaS
5 441 (32.59%) Microsoft
6 418 (30.89%) Amazon AWS
7 415 (30.67%) Windows
8 381 (28.16%) Agile Software Development
9 331 (24.46%) PowerShell
10 309 (22.84%) Linux
11 283 (20.92%) SQL
12 262 (19.36%) Active Directory
13 219 (16.19%) Firewall
14 197 (14.56%) Migration
15 195 (14.41%) Jenkins
16 193 (14.26%) Security Cleared
17 190 (14.04%) Office 365
18 187 (13.82%) VMware
19 177 (13.08%) Finance
20 168 (12.42%) Ansible
21 166 (12.27%) JSON
21 166 (12.27%) Public Cloud
22 165 (12.20%) Windows Server
23 163 (12.05%) SC Cleared
24 156 (11.53%) Continuous Integration
25 152 (11.23%) Java
25 152 (11.23%) Azure Active Directory
26 147 (10.86%) Visual Studio Team System
27 144 (10.64%) Python
28 140 (10.35%) Oracle

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (5.17%) SharePoint
2 54 (3.99%) Confluence
3 43 (3.18%) Skype for Business
4 40 (2.96%) OpenStack
5 35 (2.59%) IIS
6 24 (1.77%) WebLogic
7 22 (1.63%) Cloud Foundry
8 16 (1.18%) CMS
9 15 (1.11%) Apache
9 15 (1.11%) MS Exchange
10 12 (0.89%) Oracle Service Bus
10 12 (0.89%) Tomcat
11 11 (0.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 10 (0.74%) Mule
12 10 (0.74%) SharePoint 2013
13 9 (0.67%) Apache Pig
14 7 (0.52%) Apache Spark
15 6 (0.44%) Elasticsearch
16 5 (0.37%) JBoss
16 5 (0.37%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 35 (2.59%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (1.40%) Chatbot
3 9 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.30%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.15%) SPSS
6 1 (0.074%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 22 (1.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.81%) Endur
3 5 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
3 5 (0.37%) Dynamics NAV
3 5 (0.37%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (0.37%) Remedy ITSM
4 4 (0.30%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.22%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.22%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.15%) Temenos T24
7 1 (0.074%) Oracle Cash Management
7 1 (0.074%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.074%) SAP WM
Cloud Services
1 986 (72.88%) PaaS
2 913 (67.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 448 (33.11%) SaaS
4 418 (30.89%) Amazon AWS
5 190 (14.04%) Office 365
6 152 (11.23%) Azure Active Directory
7 86 (6.36%) Google Cloud Platform
8 53 (3.92%) Cloud Computing
9 43 (3.18%) OpenShift
10 37 (2.73%) AWS CloudFormation
11 36 (2.66%) Boomi
12 33 (2.44%) Serverless
13 27 (2.00%) Datadog
14 24 (1.77%) Dynamics 365
15 22 (1.63%) Amazon S3
16 19 (1.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 18 (1.33%) Apigee
17 18 (1.33%) AWS Lambda
17 18 (1.33%) Azure Data Factory
18 15 (1.11%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 219 (16.19%) Firewall
2 117 (8.65%) DNS
3 113 (8.35%) VPN
4 56 (4.14%) WAN
5 51 (3.77%) LAN
6 50 (3.70%) Network Security
7 49 (3.62%) SSL
8 45 (3.33%) Skype
9 44 (3.25%) TCP/IP
10 43 (3.18%) SAN
11 33 (2.44%) DHCP
12 26 (1.92%) Internet
13 23 (1.70%) Cisco ASA
13 23 (1.70%) iSCSI
14 22 (1.63%) VLAN
15 21 (1.55%) Intrusion Detection
15 21 (1.55%) NetScaler
16 20 (1.48%) Fibre Channel
17 19 (1.40%) HTTP
18 17 (1.26%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 130 (9.61%) SQL Server
2 64 (4.73%) Big Data
3 63 (4.66%) Azure SQL Database
4 45 (3.33%) Power BI
5 44 (3.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 40 (2.96%) Data Lake
7 39 (2.88%) NoSQL
8 38 (2.81%) MongoDB
8 38 (2.81%) Oracle Database
9 34 (2.51%) Hadoop
10 33 (2.44%) PostgreSQL
11 31 (2.29%) Redis
12 28 (2.07%) Amazon RDS
13 25 (1.85%) HDInsight
13 25 (1.85%) Relational Database
14 24 (1.77%) Data Warehouse
15 20 (1.48%) Apache Cassandra
15 20 (1.48%) MySQL
15 20 (1.48%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 19 (1.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 195 (14.41%) Jenkins
2 147 (10.86%) Visual Studio Team System
3 104 (7.69%) Git (software)
4 75 (5.54%) JIRA
5 65 (4.80%) Visual Studio
6 60 (4.43%) Octopus Deploy
7 44 (3.25%) Team Foundation Server
8 40 (2.96%) TeamCity
9 27 (2.00%) GitLab
10 26 (1.92%) Selenium
11 25 (1.85%) Sonatype Nexus
12 20 (1.48%) Maven
13 18 (1.33%) Bitbucket
14 13 (0.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 12 (0.89%) Bower
15 12 (0.89%) Grunt
16 10 (0.74%) CircleCI
16 10 (0.74%) MSI
17 9 (0.67%) IBM UrbanCode
17 9 (0.67%) ScriptRunner
General
1 177 (13.08%) Finance
2 60 (4.43%) Banking
3 51 (3.77%) Telecoms
4 38 (2.81%) Retail
5 26 (1.92%) Billing
6 24 (1.77%) Financial Institution
7 21 (1.55%) Law
8 18 (1.33%) Legal
9 16 (1.18%) Marketing
10 15 (1.11%) Manufacturing
11 14 (1.03%) Electronics
12 10 (0.74%) Investment Banking
13 3 (0.22%) Military
14 2 (0.15%) Advertising
14 2 (0.15%) Games
14 2 (0.15%) Retail Banking
15 1 (0.074%) French Language
15 1 (0.074%) Music Industry
15 1 (0.074%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.074%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 384 (28.38%) Architect
2 221 (16.33%) DevOps Engineer
3 177 (13.08%) Azure Engineer
4 118 (8.72%) Azure Architect
5 115 (8.50%) Cloud Architect
6 113 (8.35%) Consultant
7 106 (7.83%) Azure DevOps
8 96 (7.10%) Cloud Engineer
9 95 (7.02%) Solutions Architect
10 90 (6.65%) Developer
11 76 (5.62%) Technical Architect
12 75 (5.54%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 55 (4.07%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 53 (3.92%) Azure Consultant
15 49 (3.62%) Analyst
15 49 (3.62%) AWS Engineer
16 44 (3.25%) Infrastructure Architect
17 34 (2.51%) Security Architect
18 32 (2.37%) Network Engineer
19 29 (2.14%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 166 (12.27%) JSON
2 98 (7.24%) .NET
3 73 (5.40%) Web Services
4 72 (5.32%) XML
5 66 (4.88%) RESTful
6 56 (4.14%) Node.js
7 45 (3.33%) Middleware
8 42 (3.10%) HTML
8 42 (3.10%) OAuth
9 40 (2.96%) SOAP
10 37 (2.73%) jQuery
10 37 (2.73%) React
11 31 (2.29%) HTML5
12 27 (2.00%) WebSockets
13 26 (1.92%) AngularJS
14 24 (1.77%) CSS
14 24 (1.77%) RabbitMQ
14 24 (1.77%) SAML
15 22 (1.63%) REST
16 21 (1.55%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 166 (12.27%) Public Cloud
2 72 (5.32%) Data Centre
3 71 (5.25%) Hybrid Cloud
4 66 (4.88%) Private Cloud
5 64 (4.73%) Management Information System
6 53 (3.92%) Analytical Skills
7 36 (2.66%) Clustering
7 36 (2.66%) PKI
8 28 (2.07%) Cloud Native
8 28 (2.07%) Greenfield Project
9 24 (1.77%) Enterprise Software
10 22 (1.63%) Mobile App
11 21 (1.55%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 21 (1.55%) Replication
11 21 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
12 19 (1.40%) Hedge funds
12 19 (1.40%) User Experience
13 18 (1.33%) Virtual Team
14 14 (1.03%) Data Structures
15 11 (0.81%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 415 (30.67%) Windows
2 309 (22.84%) Linux
3 165 (12.20%) Windows Server
4 95 (7.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 74 (5.47%) Unix
6 70 (5.17%) Windows Server 2012
7 38 (2.81%) Windows 10
8 35 (2.59%) CentOS
9 22 (1.63%) VMS
10 19 (1.40%) Windows Server 2008
11 15 (1.11%) Windows Server 2003
12 14 (1.03%) Ubuntu
13 12 (0.89%) AIX
14 10 (0.74%) OpenVMS
14 10 (0.74%) Windows 7
15 8 (0.59%) Apple iOS
16 7 (0.52%) Android
16 7 (0.52%) Mac OS X
17 5 (0.37%) Solaris
17 5 (0.37%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 476 (35.18%) DevOps
2 381 (28.16%) Agile Software Development
3 197 (14.56%) Migration
4 156 (11.53%) Continuous Integration
5 139 (10.27%) ITIL
6 113 (8.35%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 110 (8.13%) Continuous Delivery
8 108 (7.98%) Analytics
9 102 (7.54%) Scrum
10 89 (6.58%) Test Automation
11 86 (6.36%) Business Intelligence
12 85 (6.28%) Data Management
12 85 (6.28%) Information Security
13 78 (5.76%) Microservices
14 77 (5.69%) Load Balancing
15 75 (5.54%) Open Source
15 75 (5.54%) Problem-Solving
16 74 (5.47%) Service Management
17 73 (5.40%) Configuration Management
18 69 (5.10%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 331 (24.46%) PowerShell
2 283 (20.92%) SQL
3 152 (11.23%) Java
4 144 (10.64%) Python
5 90 (6.65%) JavaScript
6 76 (5.62%) C#
7 58 (4.29%) Bash Shell
8 56 (4.14%) Ruby
9 32 (2.37%) Shell Script
10 25 (1.85%) Perl
11 21 (1.55%) R
12 18 (1.33%) Groovy
13 17 (1.26%) Go
14 15 (1.11%) C
15 13 (0.96%) C++
16 12 (0.89%) VB
17 9 (0.67%) T-SQL
18 7 (0.52%) PHP
19 4 (0.30%) PL/SQL
19 4 (0.30%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 193 (14.26%) Security Cleared
2 163 (12.05%) SC Cleared
3 48 (3.55%) Degree
4 41 (3.03%) Cisco Certification
5 34 (2.51%) Microsoft Certification
6 29 (2.14%) AWS Certification
7 26 (1.92%) CISSP
7 26 (1.92%) MCSE
8 22 (1.63%) CCNA
9 21 (1.55%) RHCE
10 19 (1.40%) CISM
11 18 (1.33%) BPSS Clearance
12 16 (1.18%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 15 (1.11%) Computer Science Degree
13 15 (1.11%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 14 (1.03%) DV Cleared
15 13 (0.96%) CCIE
16 11 (0.81%) CCNP
16 11 (0.81%) TOGAF Certification
17 9 (0.67%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (2.51%) QA
2 21 (1.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 18 (1.33%) GDPR
4 17 (1.26%) FedRAMP
5 16 (1.18%) SLA
6 11 (0.81%) PMO
6 11 (0.81%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 10 (0.74%) HIPAA
8 9 (0.67%) Government Security Classifications
8 9 (0.67%) WCAG
9 8 (0.59%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.30%) Data Quality
11 3 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
12 2 (0.15%) JSP 440
13 1 (0.074%) Cyber Essentials
13 1 (0.074%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 1 (0.074%) HL7
13 1 (0.074%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 262 (19.36%) Active Directory
2 131 (9.68%) Docker
3 123 (9.09%) Virtual Machines
4 95 (7.02%) VMware Infrastructure
5 57 (4.21%) Hyper-V
6 39 (2.88%) XenApp
7 34 (2.51%) vSphere
8 27 (2.00%) VMware ESXi
9 22 (1.63%) XenDesktop
10 16 (1.18%) Microsoft App-V
11 15 (1.11%) Oracle RAC
11 15 (1.11%) VMware NSX
12 14 (1.03%) Virtual Servers
13 12 (0.89%) HDFS
14 11 (0.81%) NFS
15 10 (0.74%) KVM
16 9 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 9 (0.67%) VMware Workstation
17 8 (0.59%) vCloud
18 4 (0.30%) LXC
Systems Management
1 168 (12.42%) Ansible
2 121 (8.94%) Puppet
3 108 (7.98%) Terraform
4 94 (6.95%) Opscode Chef
5 88 (6.50%) Kubernetes
6 65 (4.80%) SCCM
7 37 (2.73%) SCOM
8 32 (2.37%) Single Sign-On
9 25 (1.85%) Microsoft Intune
10 22 (1.63%) SCOrch
11 20 (1.48%) Microsoft Clustering
12 17 (1.26%) vCenter Server
13 15 (1.11%) SELinux
14 14 (1.03%) CASB
14 14 (1.03%) Packer
14 14 (1.03%) Salt
15 13 (0.96%) CloudForms
15 13 (0.96%) Nagios
16 12 (0.89%) Failover Clustering
16 12 (0.89%) Oozie
Vendors
1 441 (32.59%) Microsoft
2 187 (13.82%) VMware
3 140 (10.35%) Oracle
4 96 (7.10%) Cisco
5 95 (7.02%) Google
6 87 (6.43%) Red Hat
7 73 (5.40%) Citrix
8 57 (4.21%) Splunk
9 53 (3.92%) ServiceNow
10 50 (3.70%) Dell
11 45 (3.33%) SAP
12 33 (2.44%) IBM
13 28 (2.07%) EMC
13 28 (2.07%) HP
14 24 (1.77%) CheckPoint
15 23 (1.70%) AppDynamics
16 21 (1.55%) NetApp
17 17 (1.26%) SolarWinds
18 16 (1.18%) F5
18 16 (1.18%) Qualys