Period
to 18 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 18 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 193 201 264
Rank change year-on-year +8 +63 +48
Contract jobs citing IaaS 344 1,093 945
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.32% 1.34% 1.00%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.14% 4.57% 4.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 254 710 638
Median daily rate £500 £530 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.66% +6.00% -
10th Percentile £372 £400 £363
90th Percentile £650 £700 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 30 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £76.25 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -54.10% - -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £76.25 £35.00
% change year-on-year -54.10% +117.86% -30.00%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 8,318 23,942 21,586
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.81% 29.31% 22.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,577 16,436 14,963
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.15%
10th Percentile £315 £300 £306
90th Percentile £692 £663 £644
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 170 368 319
Median hourly rate £35.00 £22.72 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +54.08% +19.55% -9.33%
10th Percentile £15.56 £13.43 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.63 £82.50 £65.70
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year +62.79% +19.44% -10.00%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 18 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 18 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 18 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +17 177 £500 -9.09% 60
South East +6 68 £531 -1.16% 30
North of England +96 39 £525 +5.00% 39
Midlands +65 33 £425 -15.00% 15
Yorkshire +65 23 £518 +3.50% 13
East Midlands +71 18 £405 -20.00% 5
West Midlands +27 15 £444 -11.25% 10
South West +74 12 £494 -8.14% 8
North West +64 12 £525 +5.00% 26
East of England +75 10 £436 -26.06% 9
North East +37 4 £350 -28.21%
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 18 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 253 (73.55%) PaaS
2 242 (70.35%) Azure
3 149 (43.31%) DevOps
4 143 (41.57%) Microsoft
5 122 (35.47%) Windows
6 107 (31.10%) Agile Software Development
7 106 (30.81%) SaaS
8 91 (26.45%) AWS
9 82 (23.84%) Migration
10 71 (20.64%) Active Directory
11 67 (19.48%) Firewall
12 64 (18.60%) DNS
13 62 (18.02%) Office 365
14 61 (17.73%) PowerShell
14 61 (17.73%) Linux
15 59 (17.15%) SQL
16 58 (16.86%) Java
17 56 (16.28%) Security Cleared
18 54 (15.70%) Continuous Integration
18 54 (15.70%) Finance
18 54 (15.70%) Public Cloud
19 52 (15.12%) Terraform
20 47 (13.66%) VMware
20 47 (13.66%) Python
21 44 (12.79%) Business Intelligence
22 42 (12.21%) Kubernetes
22 42 (12.21%) Microservices
23 41 (11.92%) Jenkins
23 41 (11.92%) Public Sector
23 41 (11.92%) VPN

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (5.23%) SharePoint
2 17 (4.94%) Confluence
3 12 (3.49%) Cloud Foundry
3 12 (3.49%) Mule
3 12 (3.49%) Skype for Business
4 7 (2.03%) CMS
5 6 (1.74%) MS Exchange
6 4 (1.16%) BizTalk Server
6 4 (1.16%) Exchange Server 2010
6 4 (1.16%) JBoss
6 4 (1.16%) NetWeaver
6 4 (1.16%) WebSphere
7 3 (0.87%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 2 (0.58%) Apache
8 2 (0.58%) Elasticsearch
8 2 (0.58%) SharePoint Server
9 1 (0.29%) Apache Spark
9 1 (0.29%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 1 (0.29%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.29%) WordPress
Applications
1 17 (4.94%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (1.16%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.29%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (2.03%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (1.16%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.58%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (0.58%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.58%) Oracle ERP
3 2 (0.58%) Siebel CRM
4 1 (0.29%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 253 (73.55%) PaaS
2 242 (70.35%) Azure
3 106 (30.81%) SaaS
4 91 (26.45%) AWS
5 62 (18.02%) Office 365
6 30 (8.72%) GCP
7 25 (7.27%) Power Platform
8 24 (6.98%) GitHub
9 20 (5.81%) Azure Active Directory
10 14 (4.07%) Serverless
11 13 (3.78%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 12 (3.49%) Cloud Computing
12 12 (3.49%) Slack
13 9 (2.62%) Azure Functions
14 7 (2.03%) OneDrive
15 6 (1.74%) Datadog
16 5 (1.45%) Apigee
16 5 (1.45%) AWS CloudFormation
17 4 (1.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 4 (1.16%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 67 (19.48%) Firewall
2 64 (18.60%) DNS
3 41 (11.92%) VPN
4 28 (8.14%) WAN
5 26 (7.56%) DHCP
6 22 (6.40%) Wireless
7 17 (4.94%) Skype
8 16 (4.65%) Internet
9 14 (4.07%) DMZ
10 12 (3.49%) Intranet
11 10 (2.91%) MPLS
11 10 (2.91%) SAN
11 10 (2.91%) TCP/IP
12 9 (2.62%) Kerberos
13 8 (2.33%) Network Security
14 7 (2.03%) LAN
15 6 (1.74%) VoIP
15 6 (1.74%) VSAN
16 5 (1.45%) PBX
16 5 (1.45%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (7.85%) SQL Server
2 25 (7.27%) Azure SQL Database
3 23 (6.69%) Power BI
4 16 (4.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 14 (4.07%) Cosmos DB
5 14 (4.07%) Data Lake
6 13 (3.78%) HDInsight
7 12 (3.49%) Hadoop
8 11 (3.20%) Big Data
9 9 (2.62%) MySQL
10 8 (2.33%) MongoDB
11 5 (1.45%) DB2
11 5 (1.45%) PostgreSQL
11 5 (1.45%) SAP HANA
12 4 (1.16%) BigQuery
12 4 (1.16%) Data Warehouse
12 4 (1.16%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
12 4 (1.16%) Geospatial Data
12 4 (1.16%) GIS
12 4 (1.16%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 41 (11.92%) Jenkins
2 31 (9.01%) Git (software)
3 20 (5.81%) JIRA
4 17 (4.94%) Sonatype Nexus
5 16 (4.65%) Visual Studio
6 13 (3.78%) JUnit
7 12 (3.49%) Android Studio
7 12 (3.49%) CocoaPods
7 12 (3.49%) IntelliJ
7 12 (3.49%) Maven
7 12 (3.49%) Mockito
7 12 (3.49%) Xcode
8 8 (2.33%) GitLab
9 7 (2.03%) Cucumber
9 7 (2.03%) Cypress.io
9 7 (2.03%) Jasmine
9 7 (2.03%) Subversion
9 7 (2.03%) WebDriver
10 5 (1.45%) Artifactory
10 5 (1.45%) SonarQube
General
1 54 (15.70%) Finance
2 41 (11.92%) Public Sector
3 21 (6.10%) Manufacturing
4 20 (5.81%) Banking
4 20 (5.81%) Telecoms
5 15 (4.36%) Electronics
5 15 (4.36%) Marketing
6 9 (2.62%) Retail
7 7 (2.03%) Pharmaceutical
8 4 (1.16%) French Language
8 4 (1.16%) Investment Banking
8 4 (1.16%) Spanish Language
9 3 (0.87%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.87%) German Language
9 3 (0.87%) Legal
10 2 (0.58%) Law
11 1 (0.29%) Advertising
11 1 (0.29%) Billing
11 1 (0.29%) International Banking
11 1 (0.29%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 102 (29.65%) Architect
2 45 (13.08%) DevOps Engineer
3 43 (12.50%) Azure Engineer
4 38 (11.05%) Solutions Architect
5 29 (8.43%) Azure Architect
6 24 (6.98%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 20 (5.81%) Azure DevOps
8 18 (5.23%) Developer
8 18 (5.23%) Office 365 Engineer
9 17 (4.94%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 16 (4.65%) Cloud Architect
10 16 (4.65%) Cloud Engineer
11 14 (4.07%) Windows Engineer
12 13 (3.78%) Consultant
12 13 (3.78%) Infrastructure Architect
12 13 (3.78%) Technical Architect
13 11 (3.20%) Linux Engineer
13 11 (3.20%) Security Architect
14 10 (2.91%) Azure Specialist
15 9 (2.62%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (8.72%) JSON
1 30 (8.72%) REST
2 20 (5.81%) .NET
3 19 (5.52%) Node.js
4 18 (5.23%) RESTful
5 17 (4.94%) Spring
5 17 (4.94%) Web Services
6 15 (4.36%) Spring Boot
7 14 (4.07%) React
8 12 (3.49%) Velocity
8 12 (3.49%) WireMock
9 10 (2.91%) LDAP
9 10 (2.91%) XML
10 9 (2.62%) Middleware
10 9 (2.62%) Oracle Fusion
11 8 (2.33%) Gherkin
12 7 (2.03%) OAuth
12 7 (2.03%) OpenID
12 7 (2.03%) SAML
13 6 (1.74%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 54 (15.70%) Public Cloud
2 34 (9.88%) Data Centre
3 27 (7.85%) Hybrid Cloud
3 27 (7.85%) PKI
4 16 (4.65%) Self-Motivation
5 13 (3.78%) Clustering
6 12 (3.49%) Mobile App
7 11 (3.20%) Social Media
8 9 (2.62%) Client/Server
9 8 (2.33%) Augmented Reality
9 8 (2.33%) Cloud Native
10 7 (2.03%) Analytical Skills
10 7 (2.03%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 7 (2.03%) Replication
11 5 (1.45%) Fat Client
11 5 (1.45%) Management Information System
11 5 (1.45%) Private Cloud
11 5 (1.45%) Thin Client
11 5 (1.45%) User Experience
12 4 (1.16%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 122 (35.47%) Windows
2 61 (17.73%) Linux
3 36 (10.47%) Windows Server
4 31 (9.01%) Windows 10
5 19 (5.52%) Windows Server 2016
6 18 (5.23%) Unix
7 16 (4.65%) Windows Server 2012
8 14 (4.07%) Windows Server 2008
9 13 (3.78%) Android
9 13 (3.78%) Apple iOS
9 13 (3.78%) Windows Server 2019
10 12 (3.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (2.03%) Solaris
12 5 (1.45%) VMS
13 4 (1.16%) Windows NT
13 4 (1.16%) Windows XP
14 2 (0.58%) Oracle Linux
14 2 (0.58%) Ubuntu
15 1 (0.29%) CentOS
15 1 (0.29%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 149 (43.31%) DevOps
2 107 (31.10%) Agile Software Development
3 82 (23.84%) Migration
4 54 (15.70%) Continuous Integration
5 44 (12.79%) Business Intelligence
6 42 (12.21%) Microservices
7 41 (11.92%) Test Automation
8 40 (11.63%) Continuous Delivery
9 38 (11.05%) Infrastructure as Code
10 36 (10.47%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 34 (9.88%) Scrum
12 31 (9.01%) Service Management
13 27 (7.85%) TOGAF
14 25 (7.27%) Data Management
15 24 (6.98%) ITIL
16 23 (6.69%) High Availability
17 22 (6.40%) Analytics
18 21 (6.10%) Scaled Agile Framework
19 20 (5.81%) Configuration Management
19 20 (5.81%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 61 (17.73%) PowerShell
2 59 (17.15%) SQL
3 58 (16.86%) Java
4 47 (13.66%) Python
5 16 (4.65%) C#
5 16 (4.65%) JavaScript
6 12 (3.49%) Apple Swift
6 12 (3.49%) Java 8
6 12 (3.49%) Kotlin
6 12 (3.49%) Shell Script
7 11 (3.20%) Bash Shell
7 11 (3.20%) Perl
8 9 (2.62%) C
9 8 (2.33%) Go
9 8 (2.33%) Ruby
10 6 (1.74%) Groovy
11 2 (0.58%) AWK
11 2 (0.58%) Jython
11 2 (0.58%) T-SQL
11 2 (0.58%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
Qualifications
1 56 (16.28%) Security Cleared
2 39 (11.34%) SC Cleared
3 12 (3.49%) DV Cleared
4 11 (3.20%) AWS Certification
4 11 (3.20%) CISSP
4 11 (3.20%) Microsoft Certification
5 10 (2.91%) Degree
6 8 (2.33%) MCSE
7 6 (1.74%) TOGAF Certification
8 5 (1.45%) Cisco Certification
8 5 (1.45%) Computer Science Degree
9 4 (1.16%) CISA
10 3 (0.87%) CCNA
10 3 (0.87%) CCNP
10 3 (0.87%) CSSLP
10 3 (0.87%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 2 (0.58%) CISM
11 2 (0.58%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.58%) MCSA
11 2 (0.58%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (4.36%) GDPR
2 8 (2.33%) QA
3 6 (1.74%) SLA
4 4 (1.16%) COBIT
4 4 (1.16%) PCI DSS
5 3 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.87%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 2 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.58%) PMO
7 1 (0.29%) GMP
7 1 (0.29%) NIST 800
System Software
1 71 (20.64%) Active Directory
2 39 (11.34%) Docker
3 35 (10.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 34 (9.88%) Virtual Machines
5 17 (4.94%) VMware ESXi
6 11 (3.20%) Hyper-V
6 11 (3.20%) vSphere
7 5 (1.45%) Virtual Desktop
7 5 (1.45%) VMware NSX
7 5 (1.45%) XenApp
8 4 (1.16%) Microsoft App-V
8 4 (1.16%) XenDesktop
9 2 (0.58%) NFS
9 2 (0.58%) vCloud
9 2 (0.58%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 2 (0.58%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.29%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 1 (0.29%) HDFS
10 1 (0.29%) KVM
Systems Management
1 52 (15.12%) Terraform
2 42 (12.21%) Kubernetes
3 37 (10.76%) Ansible
4 31 (9.01%) Microsoft Intune
5 21 (6.10%) SCCM
6 17 (4.94%) Puppet
7 14 (4.07%) Opscode Chef
8 10 (2.91%) SCOM
9 9 (2.62%) Single Sign-On
10 7 (2.03%) Microsoft Clustering
10 7 (2.03%) Nessus
10 7 (2.03%) Salt
11 5 (1.45%) Red Hat Satellite
11 5 (1.45%) vCenter Server
11 5 (1.45%) vRealize
12 4 (1.16%) Data Guard
12 4 (1.16%) McAfee ePO
12 4 (1.16%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
13 3 (0.87%) Istio
14 2 (0.58%) Oracle ZFS
Vendors
1 143 (41.57%) Microsoft
2 47 (13.66%) VMware
3 36 (10.47%) Oracle
4 33 (9.59%) Cisco
5 28 (8.14%) Splunk
6 23 (6.69%) Google
7 20 (5.81%) SAP
8 18 (5.23%) AppDynamics
9 13 (3.78%) Citrix
9 13 (3.78%) SaltStack
10 12 (3.49%) Fortinet
10 12 (3.49%) Informatica
10 12 (3.49%) Palo Alto
11 11 (3.20%) Red Hat
12 10 (2.91%) Hortonworks
12 10 (2.91%) ServiceNow
13 7 (2.03%) NetApp
13 7 (2.03%) New Relic
13 7 (2.03%) SolarWinds
14 5 (1.45%) Symantec