Period
to 24 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 24 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 192 211 190
Rank change year-on-year +19 -21 +42
Contract jobs citing IaaS 530 756 1,349
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.39% 1.23% 1.51%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.17% 4.01% 5.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 422 503 943
Median daily rate £500 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £388
90th Percentile £688 £700 £688
UK median daily rate £500 £525 £525
% change year-on-year -4.76% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 11 2
Median hourly rate £48.00 £80.00 £56.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -40.00% +40.97% -
10th Percentile £14.00 £47.00 £48.23
90th Percentile £62.25 £82.50 £64.28
UK median hourly rate £59.50 £80.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year -25.63% +68.42% -

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 12,715 18,841 23,670
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 33.35% 30.70% 26.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,059 13,408 16,765
Median daily rate £490 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £305 £280 £311
90th Percentile £656 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £500
% change year-on-year +2.56% -2.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 227 259 254
Median hourly rate £21.18 £20.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +14.29% -2.78%
10th Percentile £12.45 £12.23 £11.26
90th Percentile £60.10 £69.25 £42.50
Median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +12.50% +14.29% -2.78%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IaaS in England.

Hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 24 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +58 309 £500 -9.09% 131
South East +21 91 £525 -2.33% 42
North of England -24 34 £450 -5.01% 54
Midlands +36 29 £525 -3.45% 39
Yorkshire -6 21 £438 -15.87% 17
South West +45 15 £430 -14.00% 19
West Midlands +3 14 £525 -4.55% 24
East Midlands +35 11 £456 +9.94% 15
East of England +47 9 £488 -9.30% 15
North West +11 9 £500 +15.61% 30
North East +15 3 £350 -17.65% 7
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 24 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 375 (70.75%) PaaS
2 321 (60.57%) Azure
3 210 (39.62%) DevOps
4 193 (36.42%) AWS
5 171 (32.26%) Agile Software Development
6 158 (29.81%) SaaS
7 154 (29.06%) Microsoft
8 136 (25.66%) Windows
9 119 (22.45%) Terraform
10 115 (21.70%) Linux
11 103 (19.43%) Security Cleared
12 97 (18.30%) Active Directory
13 96 (18.11%) PowerShell
14 91 (17.17%) Microservices
14 91 (17.17%) GCP
14 91 (17.17%) Docker
15 90 (16.98%) Kubernetes
16 86 (16.23%) Infrastructure as Code
17 85 (16.04%) Finance
17 85 (16.04%) Migration
18 82 (15.47%) VMware
18 82 (15.47%) Python
18 82 (15.47%) Jenkins
19 80 (15.09%) Java
20 77 (14.53%) SC Cleared
21 74 (13.96%) Ansible
22 68 (12.83%) Microsoft 365
23 65 (12.26%) Data Centre
23 65 (12.26%) VMware Infrastructure
23 65 (12.26%) SQL

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (5.85%) Confluence
2 29 (5.47%) Cloud Foundry
3 19 (3.58%) SharePoint
4 16 (3.02%) Mule
5 10 (1.89%) Skype for Business
6 9 (1.70%) OpenStack
7 7 (1.32%) MS Exchange
8 6 (1.13%) WebSphere
9 5 (0.94%) Apache
9 5 (0.94%) Elasticsearch
10 4 (0.75%) Exchange Server 2013
10 4 (0.75%) JBoss
10 4 (0.75%) Tomcat
10 4 (0.75%) WebLogic
11 3 (0.57%) Exchange Server 2010
11 3 (0.57%) NetWeaver
11 3 (0.57%) nginx
11 3 (0.57%) WebSphere Application Server
12 2 (0.38%) Apache Spark
12 2 (0.38%) IIS
Applications
1 19 (3.58%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (2.26%) MS Visio
3 11 (2.08%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.57%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
1 3 (0.57%) Infor M3
1 3 (0.57%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.38%) Remedy AR System
2 2 (0.38%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
3 1 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
3 1 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 375 (70.75%) PaaS
2 321 (60.57%) Azure
3 193 (36.42%) AWS
4 158 (29.81%) SaaS
5 91 (17.17%) GCP
6 68 (12.83%) Microsoft 365
7 57 (10.75%) Serverless
8 43 (8.11%) Azure Active Directory
9 40 (7.55%) Cloud Computing
10 37 (6.98%) GitHub
11 20 (3.77%) AWS Lambda
12 15 (2.83%) OpenShift
12 15 (2.83%) Slack
13 14 (2.64%) AWS CloudFormation
13 14 (2.64%) Azure Functions
14 12 (2.26%) Amazon EC2
14 12 (2.26%) Azure ExpressRoute
14 12 (2.26%) Boomi
15 10 (1.89%) Power Platform
16 9 (1.70%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 62 (11.70%) Firewall
2 50 (9.43%) DNS
3 37 (6.98%) WAN
4 32 (6.04%) VPN
5 31 (5.85%) VSAN
6 28 (5.28%) DHCP
7 23 (4.34%) Internet
7 23 (4.34%) LAN
8 19 (3.58%) Cisco Nexus
8 19 (3.58%) Wireless
9 17 (3.21%) Network Security
10 15 (2.83%) DMZ
10 15 (2.83%) SAN
11 14 (2.64%) Skype
12 13 (2.45%) Intranet
12 13 (2.45%) Unified Communications
13 12 (2.26%) NAS
14 11 (2.08%) VoIP
15 10 (1.89%) Fibre Channel
15 10 (1.89%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (8.11%) SQL Server
2 26 (4.91%) Azure SQL Database
3 18 (3.40%) MongoDB
4 15 (2.83%) NoSQL
5 14 (2.64%) Relational Database
6 13 (2.45%) Hadoop
7 10 (1.89%) PostgreSQL
8 9 (1.70%) Big Data
8 9 (1.70%) Data Warehouse
8 9 (1.70%) Redis
9 8 (1.51%) Cosmos DB
10 6 (1.13%) Amazon RDS
10 6 (1.13%) Power BI
10 6 (1.13%) RDBMS
11 5 (0.94%) Data Lake
11 5 (0.94%) DB2
11 5 (0.94%) MySQL
11 5 (0.94%) Oracle Database
11 5 (0.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 4 (0.75%) HBase
Development Applications
1 82 (15.47%) Jenkins
2 61 (11.51%) Git (software)
3 35 (6.60%) JIRA
4 28 (5.28%) Sonatype Nexus
5 21 (3.96%) Maven
6 20 (3.77%) JUnit
7 17 (3.21%) Mockito
8 16 (3.02%) Android Studio
8 16 (3.02%) CocoaPods
8 16 (3.02%) Xcode
9 15 (2.83%) IntelliJ
9 15 (2.83%) TeamCity
10 14 (2.64%) GitLab
10 14 (2.64%) SonarQube
11 13 (2.45%) Bitbucket
11 13 (2.45%) Cucumber
12 12 (2.26%) Octopus Deploy
13 11 (2.08%) JMeter
13 11 (2.08%) Selenium
14 9 (1.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 85 (16.04%) Finance
2 51 (9.62%) Banking
3 44 (8.30%) Public Sector
4 18 (3.40%) Manufacturing
5 14 (2.64%) Marketing
6 12 (2.26%) Telecoms
7 11 (2.08%) Retail
8 9 (1.70%) Electronics
9 6 (1.13%) Pharmaceutical
10 5 (0.94%) Law
11 4 (0.75%) Retail Banking
12 3 (0.57%) Billing
12 3 (0.57%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.57%) International Banking
12 3 (0.57%) Investment Banking
12 3 (0.57%) Legal
13 2 (0.38%) French Language
13 2 (0.38%) Local Government
13 2 (0.38%) Spanish Language
14 1 (0.19%) German Language
Job Titles
1 166 (31.32%) Architect
2 62 (11.70%) DevOps Engineer
3 59 (11.13%) Azure Engineer
4 52 (9.81%) Solutions Architect
5 46 (8.68%) Cloud Engineer
6 42 (7.92%) Developer
7 41 (7.74%) Azure Architect
8 36 (6.79%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 35 (6.60%) Cloud Architect
9 35 (6.60%) Consultant
10 25 (4.72%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 20 (3.77%) Security Architect
12 17 (3.21%) AWS Architect
12 17 (3.21%) Azure DevOps
12 17 (3.21%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
13 16 (3.02%) C# Developer
14 15 (2.83%) Senior Architect
15 14 (2.64%) Senior DevOps
15 14 (2.64%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 13 (2.45%) Infrastructure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (9.81%) JSON
2 49 (9.25%) .NET
2 49 (9.25%) Node.js
3 46 (8.68%) Web Services
4 37 (6.98%) REST
5 28 (5.28%) Spring
6 21 (3.96%) Spring Boot
7 19 (3.58%) .NET Core
7 19 (3.58%) React
7 19 (3.58%) YAML
8 17 (3.21%) RESTful
9 16 (3.02%) CSS
9 16 (3.02%) WireMock
10 15 (2.83%) HTML
11 12 (2.26%) ASP.NET
12 11 (2.08%) AngularJS
12 11 (2.08%) LDAP
13 10 (1.89%) Gherkin
13 10 (1.89%) XML
14 9 (1.70%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 65 (12.26%) Data Centre
2 60 (11.32%) Public Cloud
3 47 (8.87%) Hybrid Cloud
4 44 (8.30%) Cloud Native
5 34 (6.42%) Private Cloud
6 22 (4.15%) Management Information System
7 21 (3.96%) Mobile App
8 18 (3.40%) PKI
9 17 (3.21%) Self-Motivation
10 14 (2.64%) Analytical Skills
10 14 (2.64%) Credit Risk
11 11 (2.08%) Clustering
11 11 (2.08%) User Experience
12 10 (1.89%) Replication
13 7 (1.32%) Cybercrime
13 7 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
13 7 (1.32%) iPad
14 6 (1.13%) Algorithms
14 6 (1.13%) Data Structures
14 6 (1.13%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 136 (25.66%) Windows
2 115 (21.70%) Linux
3 45 (8.49%) Windows Server
4 26 (4.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 21 (3.96%) Apple iOS
6 20 (3.77%) Android
7 18 (3.40%) Unix
8 16 (3.02%) Ubuntu
8 16 (3.02%) Windows Server 2008
8 16 (3.02%) Windows Server 2016
9 14 (2.64%) Windows 10
9 14 (2.64%) Windows Server 2012
10 11 (2.08%) VMS
11 10 (1.89%) Solaris
11 10 (1.89%) Windows Server 2019
12 5 (0.94%) CentOS
12 5 (0.94%) Windows 2000
12 5 (0.94%) Windows Server 2003
13 4 (0.75%) AIX
14 3 (0.57%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 210 (39.62%) DevOps
2 171 (32.26%) Agile Software Development
3 91 (17.17%) Microservices
4 86 (16.23%) Infrastructure as Code
5 85 (16.04%) Migration
6 61 (11.51%) Scrum
7 59 (11.13%) Continuous Integration
8 58 (10.94%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 51 (9.62%) High Availability
10 48 (9.06%) Test Automation
11 42 (7.92%) Configuration Management
12 41 (7.74%) Security Architecture
12 41 (7.74%) Software Engineering
12 41 (7.74%) TOGAF
13 40 (7.55%) TDD
14 39 (7.36%) Kanban
15 36 (6.79%) SIEM
16 35 (6.60%) Change Management
17 32 (6.04%) Continuous Improvement
18 30 (5.66%) Enterprise Architecture
Programming Languages
1 96 (18.11%) PowerShell
2 82 (15.47%) Python
3 80 (15.09%) Java
4 65 (12.26%) SQL
5 41 (7.74%) C#
6 37 (6.98%) Bash Shell
7 34 (6.42%) JavaScript
8 22 (4.15%) Go
9 20 (3.77%) Kotlin
10 19 (3.58%) Java 8
11 16 (3.02%) Apple Swift
12 14 (2.64%) Ruby
13 8 (1.51%) Perl
13 8 (1.51%) Scala
14 7 (1.32%) C
15 6 (1.13%) PHP
16 5 (0.94%) Ada
16 5 (0.94%) C++
17 4 (0.75%) TypeScript
17 4 (0.75%) VB
Qualifications
1 103 (19.43%) Security Cleared
2 77 (14.53%) SC Cleared
3 24 (4.53%) DV Cleared
4 21 (3.96%) CISSP
5 18 (3.40%) Degree
6 15 (2.83%) Microsoft Certification
7 12 (2.26%) CISM
8 10 (1.89%) AWS Certification
8 10 (1.89%) CRISC
9 8 (1.51%) CESG Certified Professional
9 8 (1.51%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 7 (1.32%) CISA
10 7 (1.32%) Cisco Certification
11 5 (0.94%) Computer Science Degree
11 5 (0.94%) RHCE
11 5 (0.94%) RHCSA
12 4 (0.75%) CCNA
12 4 (0.75%) PMI Certification
12 4 (0.75%) PMP
13 3 (0.57%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (3.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 16 (3.02%) SLA
3 14 (2.64%) GDPR
4 13 (2.45%) NIST
4 13 (2.45%) QA
5 9 (1.70%) Cyber Essentials
6 7 (1.32%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 7 (1.32%) JSP 440
6 7 (1.32%) NCSC
6 7 (1.32%) PCI DSS
7 6 (1.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 4 (0.75%) COBIT
8 4 (0.75%) HIPAA
8 4 (0.75%) NIST 800
8 4 (0.75%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 3 (0.57%) Basel III
9 3 (0.57%) PMO
10 1 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.19%) GMP
System Software
1 97 (18.30%) Active Directory
2 91 (17.17%) Docker
3 65 (12.26%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (5.66%) VMware ESXi
5 25 (4.72%) vSphere
6 24 (4.53%) Virtual Machines
6 24 (4.53%) VMware NSX
7 19 (3.58%) Hyper-V
8 14 (2.64%) NFS
9 9 (1.70%) VMFS
10 7 (1.32%) Virtual Desktop
10 7 (1.32%) Xen
11 6 (1.13%) KVM
12 5 (0.94%) Oracle RAC
13 3 (0.57%) SRDF
14 2 (0.38%) Firmware
14 2 (0.38%) Postfix
14 2 (0.38%) qmail
14 2 (0.38%) Samba
14 2 (0.38%) Sendmail
Systems Management
1 119 (22.45%) Terraform
2 90 (16.98%) Kubernetes
3 74 (13.96%) Ansible
4 36 (6.79%) Opscode Chef
4 36 (6.79%) vRealize
5 29 (5.47%) Puppet
5 29 (5.47%) vCenter Server
6 14 (2.64%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 12 (2.26%) Microsoft Intune
8 10 (1.89%) Single Sign-On
9 9 (1.70%) Packer
9 9 (1.70%) Tivoli
9 9 (1.70%) vMotion
10 7 (1.32%) Grafana
11 5 (0.94%) Consul
11 5 (0.94%) Prometheus
11 5 (0.94%) SCCM
11 5 (0.94%) SCOM
12 3 (0.57%) Data Guard
12 3 (0.57%) Istio
Vendors
1 154 (29.06%) Microsoft
2 82 (15.47%) VMware
3 61 (11.51%) Google
4 50 (9.43%) Cisco
5 48 (9.06%) Oracle
6 40 (7.55%) Dell
7 28 (5.28%) Splunk
8 25 (4.72%) Red Hat
9 19 (3.58%) SAP
10 17 (3.21%) AppDynamics
10 17 (3.21%) Palo Alto
11 12 (2.26%) IBM
11 12 (2.26%) New Relic
12 11 (2.08%) Atlassian
12 11 (2.08%) BMC
12 11 (2.08%) Citrix
12 11 (2.08%) Juniper
13 10 (1.89%) CA
13 10 (1.89%) EMC
13 10 (1.89%) HP