Period
to 24 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for IaaS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IaaS over the 6 months to 24 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 257 301 277
Rank change year-on-year +44 -24 +239
Contract jobs citing IaaS 969 754 927
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.04% 0.84% 0.94%
As % of the Cloud Services category 4.69% 5.49% 8.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 644 503 678
England median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £363 £359 £369
90th Percentile £648 £656 £639
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 8 5
England median hourly rate - £50.00 £33.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +51.52% -5.71%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £33.00
% change year-on-year -30.00% +51.52% -5.71%

IaaS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 20,652 13,728 11,047
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 22.16% 15.33% 11.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,328 9,481 7,735
England median daily rate £488 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +9.09%
10th Percentile £306 £275 £281
90th Percentile £650 £625 £607
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +9.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 301 195 156
England median hourly rate £18.70 £20.91 £18.77
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.57% +11.39% -20.12%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.00 £11.66
90th Percentile £72.50 £63.75 £53.38
UK median hourly rate £17.75 £20.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year -11.25% +11.11% -21.74%

IaaS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing IaaS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing IaaS in England over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for IaaS in England

IaaS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IaaS within the England region over the 6 months to 24 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +52 490 £525 -3.23% 119
South East +25 214 £453 -4.74% 46
Midlands +3 105 £475 +2.70% 26
North of England +23 100 £475 - 38
West Midlands +1 79 £475 +5.56% 18
North West +7 44 £464 -7.25% 18
Yorkshire -4 42 £488 +1.30% 20
South West -25 29 £525 +31.25% 15
East of England -20 28 £500 - 15
East Midlands +2 25 £425 -15.00% 8
North East -3 14 £438 -7.89%
IaaS
UK

For the 6 months to 24 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing IaaS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for IaaS.

1 682 (70.38%) PaaS
2 586 (60.47%) Microsoft Azure
3 362 (37.36%) Microsoft
4 336 (34.67%) SaaS
5 319 (32.92%) Windows
6 301 (31.06%) DevOps
7 286 (29.51%) Amazon AWS
8 279 (28.79%) Agile Software Development
9 248 (25.59%) Linux
10 194 (20.02%) Active Directory
11 189 (19.50%) PowerShell
12 166 (17.13%) SQL
13 164 (16.92%) Finance
14 157 (16.20%) VMware
15 148 (15.27%) Migration
16 146 (15.07%) Windows Server
17 140 (14.45%) Office 365
18 129 (13.31%) SQL Server
19 128 (13.21%) Ansible
20 123 (12.69%) Jenkins
21 120 (12.38%) Docker
22 118 (12.18%) Firewall
23 114 (11.76%) Python
24 111 (11.46%) ITIL
24 111 (11.46%) Puppet
25 109 (11.25%) Public Cloud
26 106 (10.94%) Java
27 104 (10.73%) JSON
27 104 (10.73%) Security Cleared
28 101 (10.42%) Git (software)

IaaS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (5.78%) SharePoint
2 41 (4.23%) OpenStack
3 33 (3.41%) IIS
4 26 (2.68%) MS Exchange
4 26 (2.68%) Skype for Business
5 23 (2.37%) Confluence
6 19 (1.96%) BizTalk Server
6 19 (1.96%) Cloud Foundry
7 17 (1.75%) Apache
7 17 (1.75%) Tomcat
8 11 (1.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 10 (1.03%) WebLogic
10 9 (0.93%) Exchange Server 2010
11 8 (0.83%) CMS
11 8 (0.83%) Elasticsearch
12 6 (0.62%) Mule
13 5 (0.52%) Apache Spark
13 5 (0.52%) nginx
13 5 (0.52%) SharePoint 2013
13 5 (0.52%) WebSphere
Applications
1 27 (2.79%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.52%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.21%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (1.03%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.62%) Remedy ITSM
3 4 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
3 4 (0.41%) Oracle ERP
4 3 (0.31%) SAP S/4HANA
4 3 (0.31%) Sentinel
5 2 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.10%) Infor M3
6 1 (0.10%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle HRMS
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 1 (0.10%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.10%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.10%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 682 (70.38%) PaaS
2 586 (60.47%) Microsoft Azure
3 336 (34.67%) SaaS
4 286 (29.51%) Amazon AWS
5 140 (14.45%) Office 365
6 98 (10.11%) Azure Active Directory
7 52 (5.37%) Cloud Computing
8 26 (2.68%) Serverless
9 25 (2.58%) OpenShift
10 22 (2.27%) AWS CloudFormation
10 22 (2.27%) GitHub
11 18 (1.86%) Amazon S3
11 18 (1.86%) Google Cloud Platform
11 18 (1.86%) OneDrive
11 18 (1.86%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 17 (1.75%) Amazon EC2
13 14 (1.44%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 12 (1.24%) Datadog
14 12 (1.24%) Dynamics 365
15 10 (1.03%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 118 (12.18%) Firewall
2 78 (8.05%) DNS
3 63 (6.50%) VPN
4 43 (4.44%) SAN
5 37 (3.82%) Network Security
6 34 (3.51%) LAN
7 32 (3.30%) WAN
8 31 (3.20%) DHCP
9 30 (3.10%) SSL
10 29 (2.99%) HTTP
10 29 (2.99%) NetScaler
11 28 (2.89%) TCP/IP
12 24 (2.48%) Skype
13 19 (1.96%) Wireless
14 16 (1.65%) MPLS
15 14 (1.44%) Internet
16 12 (1.24%) Cisco Firepower
16 12 (1.24%) NAS
17 11 (1.14%) WLAN
18 10 (1.03%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 129 (13.31%) SQL Server
2 33 (3.41%) MongoDB
3 32 (3.30%) Azure SQL Database
4 28 (2.89%) Data Warehouse
5 26 (2.68%) Oracle Database
5 26 (2.68%) PostgreSQL
6 25 (2.58%) Redis
7 24 (2.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 23 (2.37%) Amazon RDS
8 23 (2.37%) MySQL
9 22 (2.27%) Big Data
9 22 (2.27%) NoSQL
9 22 (2.27%) Relational Database
9 22 (2.27%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 21 (2.17%) Power BI
11 17 (1.75%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 16 (1.65%) SQL Server 2012
13 13 (1.34%) RDBMS
13 13 (1.34%) SQL Server 2008
14 12 (1.24%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 123 (12.69%) Jenkins
2 101 (10.42%) Git (software)
3 65 (6.71%) Visual Studio Team System
4 49 (5.06%) Team Foundation Server
5 42 (4.33%) Visual Studio
6 37 (3.82%) JIRA
7 35 (3.61%) TeamCity
8 30 (3.10%) Selenium
9 26 (2.68%) Maven
10 22 (2.27%) Octopus Deploy
11 20 (2.06%) Bitbucket
12 16 (1.65%) GitLab
12 16 (1.65%) Sonatype Nexus
13 14 (1.44%) Cucumber
14 13 (1.34%) IBM UrbanCode
15 12 (1.24%) Subversion
15 12 (1.24%) Travis CI
16 11 (1.14%) Artifactory
16 11 (1.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 9 (0.93%) CircleCI
General
1 164 (16.92%) Finance
2 51 (5.26%) Banking
3 39 (4.02%) Retail
4 25 (2.58%) Telecoms
5 17 (1.75%) Legal
6 15 (1.55%) Law
7 9 (0.93%) Financial Institution
8 6 (0.62%) Billing
8 6 (0.62%) Manufacturing
8 6 (0.62%) Marketing
9 5 (0.52%) Games
10 3 (0.31%) Advertising
10 3 (0.31%) Electronics
10 3 (0.31%) Front Office
10 3 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.21%) Aerospace
11 2 (0.21%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.21%) Music Industry
12 1 (0.10%) French Language
12 1 (0.10%) German Language
Job Titles
1 297 (30.65%) Architect
2 142 (14.65%) DevOps Engineer
3 101 (10.42%) Azure Engineer
4 92 (9.49%) Developer
5 88 (9.08%) Solutions Architect
6 87 (8.98%) Azure Architect
7 85 (8.77%) Cloud Architect
8 64 (6.60%) Azure DevOps
9 61 (6.30%) Consultant
10 58 (5.99%) Infrastructure Architect
11 56 (5.78%) Cloud Engineer
12 47 (4.85%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 42 (4.33%) Technical Architect
14 36 (3.72%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 33 (3.41%) DBA
15 33 (3.41%) Security Architect
16 32 (3.30%) Azure Consultant
17 31 (3.20%) AWS Architect
18 27 (2.79%) AWS Engineer
18 27 (2.79%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 104 (10.73%) JSON
2 89 (9.18%) .NET
3 58 (5.99%) Web Services
4 42 (4.33%) Middleware
5 41 (4.23%) REST
6 29 (2.99%) HTML
6 29 (2.99%) Node.js
7 28 (2.89%) OAuth
8 25 (2.58%) AngularJS
8 25 (2.58%) CSS
8 25 (2.58%) RESTful
9 24 (2.48%) SOAP
10 23 (2.37%) Java EE
11 21 (2.17%) LDAP
11 21 (2.17%) React
12 20 (2.06%) SAML
12 20 (2.06%) Spring
13 19 (1.96%) RabbitMQ
14 17 (1.75%) Elastic Stack
14 17 (1.75%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 109 (11.25%) Public Cloud
2 80 (8.26%) Data Centre
3 58 (5.99%) Hybrid Cloud
4 49 (5.06%) Analytical Skills
5 47 (4.85%) Management Information System
6 37 (3.82%) User Experience
7 36 (3.72%) Private Cloud
8 27 (2.79%) PKI
9 25 (2.58%) Greenfield Project
9 25 (2.58%) Self-Motivation
10 23 (2.37%) Clustering
11 21 (2.17%) Cloud Native
12 19 (1.96%) Computer Science
12 19 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
12 19 (1.96%) Replication
13 17 (1.75%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 14 (1.44%) Virtual Team
15 12 (1.24%) Mobile App
16 10 (1.03%) Data Structures
16 10 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 319 (32.92%) Windows
2 248 (25.59%) Linux
3 146 (15.07%) Windows Server
4 65 (6.71%) Unix
5 62 (6.40%) Windows Server 2012
6 61 (6.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 51 (5.26%) Windows 10
8 22 (2.27%) VMS
9 18 (1.86%) AIX
10 17 (1.75%) Windows XP
11 16 (1.65%) Windows Server 2008
12 14 (1.44%) Apple iOS
13 13 (1.34%) Android
14 9 (0.93%) OpenVMS
14 9 (0.93%) Windows 7
15 8 (0.83%) Ubuntu
16 7 (0.72%) CentOS
16 7 (0.72%) Solaris
16 7 (0.72%) Windows Server 2003
17 5 (0.52%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 301 (31.06%) DevOps
2 279 (28.79%) Agile Software Development
3 148 (15.27%) Migration
4 111 (11.46%) ITIL
5 100 (10.32%) Continuous Integration
6 92 (9.49%) Configuration Management
6 92 (9.49%) Scrum
7 77 (7.95%) Open Source
8 75 (7.74%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 74 (7.64%) Analytics
10 65 (6.71%) Continuous Delivery
10 65 (6.71%) Service Management
10 65 (6.71%) Test Automation
11 58 (5.99%) Disaster Recovery
12 57 (5.88%) Problem-Solving
13 54 (5.57%) Microservices
14 48 (4.95%) Project Management
15 47 (4.85%) High Availability
16 46 (4.75%) Cybersecurity
16 46 (4.75%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 189 (19.50%) PowerShell
2 166 (17.13%) SQL
3 114 (11.76%) Python
4 106 (10.94%) Java
5 62 (6.40%) C#
6 59 (6.09%) Ruby
7 53 (5.47%) Bash Shell
8 51 (5.26%) JavaScript
9 43 (4.44%) Perl
10 27 (2.79%) Go
11 23 (2.37%) T-SQL
12 14 (1.44%) C
12 14 (1.44%) Shell Script
13 11 (1.14%) PHP
14 9 (0.93%) C++
15 7 (0.72%) Groovy
15 7 (0.72%) SystemTap
15 7 (0.72%) TypeScript
16 6 (0.62%) Java 8
16 6 (0.62%) VB
Qualifications
1 104 (10.73%) Security Cleared
2 90 (9.29%) SC Cleared
3 38 (3.92%) Degree
4 25 (2.58%) Cisco Certification
5 21 (2.17%) CISSP
6 19 (1.96%) CISM
6 19 (1.96%) Microsoft Certification
7 13 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
8 12 (1.24%) CCNA
9 10 (1.03%) MCSA
10 9 (0.93%) CCNP
10 9 (0.93%) MCSE
11 8 (0.83%) CISA
11 8 (0.83%) DV Cleared
12 6 (0.62%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 6 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
12 6 (0.62%) CCDP
12 6 (0.62%) CEH
12 6 (0.62%) Citrix Certification
12 6 (0.62%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (2.27%) QA
2 16 (1.65%) GDPR
3 13 (1.34%) FedRAMP
4 12 (1.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (1.14%) Data Quality
5 11 (1.14%) SLA
6 10 (1.03%) HIPAA
6 10 (1.03%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 5 (0.52%) Government Security Classifications
7 5 (0.52%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.41%) NIST 800
9 2 (0.21%) COBIT
10 1 (0.10%) HAZOP
10 1 (0.10%) HL7
10 1 (0.10%) ISO 22301
10 1 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 1 (0.10%) PMO
10 1 (0.10%) RMADS
System Software
1 194 (20.02%) Active Directory
2 120 (12.38%) Docker
3 86 (8.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 59 (6.09%) Hyper-V
5 31 (3.20%) XenApp
6 27 (2.79%) Virtual Machines
7 25 (2.58%) Microsoft App-V
8 24 (2.48%) VMware ESXi
9 22 (2.27%) XenDesktop
10 20 (2.06%) vSphere
11 16 (1.65%) Oracle RAC
12 13 (1.34%) Virtual Servers
13 11 (1.14%) KVM
14 10 (1.03%) Virtual Desktop
14 10 (1.03%) VMware NSX
15 8 (0.83%) VMware Workstation
16 6 (0.62%) XenServer
17 5 (0.52%) HDFS
18 4 (0.41%) LXC
19 3 (0.31%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 128 (13.21%) Ansible
2 111 (11.46%) Puppet
3 90 (9.29%) Opscode Chef
4 74 (7.64%) Terraform
5 72 (7.43%) Kubernetes
6 53 (5.47%) SCCM
7 32 (3.30%) SCOM
8 28 (2.89%) WSUS
9 26 (2.68%) Salt
10 25 (2.58%) Microsoft Intune
11 24 (2.48%) Single Sign-On
12 14 (1.44%) Data Guard
12 14 (1.44%) Microsoft Clustering
13 13 (1.34%) CASB
14 12 (1.24%) Nagios
15 11 (1.14%) SCOrch
16 9 (0.93%) McAfee ePO
16 9 (0.93%) vCenter Server
17 8 (0.83%) Docker Swarm
18 7 (0.72%) Failover Clustering
Vendors
1 362 (37.36%) Microsoft
2 157 (16.20%) VMware
3 88 (9.08%) Oracle
4 61 (6.30%) Citrix
5 56 (5.78%) Cisco
6 51 (5.26%) Red Hat
7 38 (3.92%) IBM
8 34 (3.51%) Google
8 34 (3.51%) HP
9 32 (3.30%) SAP
10 28 (2.89%) SaltStack
11 21 (2.17%) F5
11 21 (2.17%) Splunk
12 20 (2.06%) New Relic
12 20 (2.06%) ServiceNow
13 17 (1.75%) 3PAR
13 17 (1.75%) AppDynamics
14 15 (1.55%) Dell
15 14 (1.44%) CA
16 13 (1.34%) SolarWinds