Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Apache skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Apache over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache HTTP Server (httpd)
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 242 266 228
Rank change year-on-year +24 -38 -24
Contract jobs citing Apache 798 367 1,114
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.11% 1.00% 1.22%
As % of the Application Platforms category 8.42% 6.78% 7.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 500 269 752
10th Percentile £422 £356 £363
25th Percentile £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £675 £650 £588
90th Percentile £725 £750 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £490 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +8.89% -5.26% +9.20%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 5 5
10th Percentile £45.88 £18.00 £32.75
25th Percentile £47.71 £26.25 £42.50
Median hourly rate £51.50 £33.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +56.06% -26.67% +60.71%
75th Percentile £59.50 £38.25 £47.50
90th Percentile £63.85 £42.30 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £51.50 £33.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +56.06% -26.67% +56.52%

Apache is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 9,473 5,415 14,354
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.20% 14.74% 15.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,415 3,629 9,214
10th Percentile £300 £300 £266
25th Percentile £400 £388 £369
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £495 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.21% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £562 £563
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 179 110 306
10th Percentile £12.27 £12.61 £11.53
25th Percentile £16.21 £15.13 £13.31
Median hourly rate £23.00 £20.00 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% -2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £53.00 £32.75 £40.10
90th Percentile £68.36 £52.30 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.56 £19.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +13.45% -5.00% +5.57%

Apache
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Apache as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Apache in the UK

Apache
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Apache.

Daily rate trend for Apache in the UK

Apache
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Apache over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Apache in the UK

Apache
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Apache.

Hourly rate trend for Apache in the UK

Apache
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Apache over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Apache in the UK

Apache
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Apache within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 636 £575 +9.52% 216
London -11 424 £619 +7.65% 93
Work from Home -81 253 £525 +12.00% 46
UK excluding London -4 227 £490 +8.89% 141
South East -21 61 £471 +0.48% 29
North of England -23 37 £500 +17.65% 35
Scotland -33 32 £525 - 13
South West -22 26 £525 +16.67% 24
East of England 0 25 £500 +12.36% 16
Midlands -26 24 £450 +5.88% 18
North West -29 22 £493 +30.90% 21
West Midlands -23 19 £450 +5.88% 15
Wales +4 12 £490 +26.45% 4
Yorkshire -18 12 £500 +5.26% 10
Northern Ireland +6 10 £475 +10.21% 2
East Midlands - 5 £475 - 3
North East -3 3 £525 +40.00% 4

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Apache also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Apache.

1 342 (42.86%) Java
2 311 (38.97%) Python
3 286 (35.84%) Agile Software Development
4 284 (35.59%) SQL
5 244 (30.58%) Apache Spark
6 232 (29.07%) DevOps
7 230 (28.82%) Linux
8 196 (24.56%) AWS
9 181 (22.68%) Azure
10 179 (22.43%) Jenkins
11 163 (20.43%) Social Skills
12 158 (19.80%) Big Data
12 158 (19.80%) Kafka
13 154 (19.30%) Kubernetes
14 151 (18.92%) Oracle
14 151 (18.92%) Software Engineering
15 150 (18.80%) Git (software)
16 147 (18.42%) Finance
17 140 (17.54%) Docker
18 139 (17.42%) Ansible
19 137 (17.17%) Scala
20 132 (16.54%) Terraform
21 128 (16.04%) JavaScript
22 126 (15.79%) Microservices
23 123 (15.41%) Apache Airflow
24 118 (14.79%) Tomcat
25 117 (14.66%) JIRA
26 112 (14.04%) Scrum
27 110 (13.78%) Serverless
28 105 (13.16%) Security Cleared

Apache
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 244 (30.58%) Apache Spark
2 123 (15.41%) Apache Airflow
3 118 (14.79%) Tomcat
4 57 (7.14%) nginx
5 55 (6.89%) Confluence
6 54 (6.77%) Elasticsearch
7 53 (6.64%) IIS
8 47 (5.89%) WebSphere
9 45 (5.64%) JBoss
10 42 (5.26%) WebLogic
11 37 (4.64%) Oracle Coherence
12 36 (4.51%) SharePoint
13 23 (2.88%) WebSphere Application Server
14 18 (2.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 18 (2.26%) Red Hat Fuse
15 15 (1.88%) CMS
16 12 (1.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 12 (1.50%) Drupal
17 11 (1.38%) OpenStack
18 10 (1.25%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 23 (2.88%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (1.63%) MS Visio
3 12 (1.50%) Microsoft Project
4 11 (1.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 10 (1.25%) Spreadsheet
6 9 (1.13%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 11 (1.38%) Magento
2 9 (1.13%) Shopify
3 7 (0.88%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 4 (0.50%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.50%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.25%) Maximo
5 2 (0.25%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.13%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 196 (24.56%) AWS
2 181 (22.68%) Azure
3 110 (13.78%) Serverless
4 101 (12.66%) GCP
5 69 (8.65%) Amazon S3
6 45 (5.64%) Azure Functions
7 43 (5.39%) PaaS
8 38 (4.76%) GitHub
9 31 (3.88%) AWS Lambda
10 27 (3.38%) Amazon EC2
10 27 (3.38%) SaaS
11 26 (3.26%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 26 (3.26%) Azure Data Factory
12 23 (2.88%) AWS Step Functions
13 22 (2.76%) Amazon SQS
14 21 (2.63%) Azure Storage
14 21 (2.63%) Azure Synapse Analytics
15 20 (2.51%) Google App Engine
16 18 (2.26%) Power Platform
17 17 (2.13%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 56 (7.02%) HTTP
2 48 (6.02%) SSL
3 46 (5.76%) DNS
4 36 (4.51%) Firewall
5 29 (3.63%) TCP/IP
6 28 (3.51%) FTP
7 17 (2.13%) SAN
8 15 (1.88%) SSH
9 14 (1.75%) DHCP
9 14 (1.75%) Internet
9 14 (1.75%) WAN
10 12 (1.50%) Kerberos
11 9 (1.13%) VLAN
12 8 (1.00%) LAN
13 7 (0.88%) IPsec
13 7 (0.88%) iSCSI
13 7 (0.88%) NAS
13 7 (0.88%) Network Security
13 7 (0.88%) VPN
14 6 (0.75%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 158 (19.80%) Big Data
2 104 (13.03%) Hadoop
3 95 (11.90%) MySQL
4 78 (9.77%) Apache Hive
5 75 (9.40%) PostgreSQL
6 69 (8.65%) NoSQL
7 68 (8.52%) SQL Server
8 62 (7.77%) Apache Ignite
9 59 (7.39%) Relational Database
10 56 (7.02%) Data Warehouse
11 49 (6.14%) MongoDB
12 46 (5.76%) BigQuery
13 44 (5.51%) Data Lake
14 39 (4.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 38 (4.76%) Redis
16 32 (4.01%) HBase
17 30 (3.76%) Amazon RDS
18 28 (3.51%) Amazon Athena
18 28 (3.51%) Amazon Redshift
18 28 (3.51%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 179 (22.43%) Jenkins
2 150 (18.80%) Git (software)
3 117 (14.66%) JIRA
4 58 (7.27%) GitLab
5 57 (7.14%) Maven
6 47 (5.89%) Bitbucket
7 38 (4.76%) Sonatype Nexus
8 32 (4.01%) Artifactory
9 27 (3.38%) Selenium
10 24 (3.01%) SonarQube
11 17 (2.13%) JUnit
12 16 (2.01%) Cucumber
13 15 (1.88%) Subversion
13 15 (1.88%) TeamCity
14 14 (1.75%) Ant
15 13 (1.63%) IBM UrbanCode
15 13 (1.63%) JMeter
16 12 (1.50%) Visual Studio Team System
17 11 (1.38%) Gradle
17 11 (1.38%) Travis CI
General
1 163 (20.43%) Social Skills
2 147 (18.42%) Finance
3 80 (10.03%) Banking
4 78 (9.77%) Analytical Skills
5 51 (6.39%) Public Sector
6 41 (5.14%) Front Office
7 24 (3.01%) Presentation Skills
8 18 (2.26%) Investment Banking
9 14 (1.75%) Marketing
10 12 (1.50%) Financial Institution
11 11 (1.38%) Influencing Skills
12 10 (1.25%) Telecoms
13 9 (1.13%) Publishing
14 8 (1.00%) Documentation Skills
15 7 (0.88%) Back Office
15 7 (0.88%) German Language
16 6 (0.75%) Legal
17 5 (0.63%) Electronics
17 5 (0.63%) Games
17 5 (0.63%) Law
Job Titles
1 227 (28.45%) Developer
2 115 (14.41%) Data Engineer
3 91 (11.40%) Architect
4 85 (10.65%) Java Developer
5 75 (9.40%) DevOps Engineer
6 63 (7.89%) Software Engineer
7 43 (5.39%) Consultant
8 40 (5.01%) Senior Developer
9 38 (4.76%) AWS Engineer
9 38 (4.76%) Scala Developer
10 36 (4.51%) Python Developer
11 32 (4.01%) Cloud Engineer
12 27 (3.38%) Azure Engineer
12 27 (3.38%) Python Engineer
13 26 (3.26%) Analyst
14 25 (3.13%) Data Architect
15 24 (3.01%) Java Consultant
15 24 (3.01%) Risk Consultant
15 24 (3.01%) Senior Consultant
15 24 (3.01%) Senior Java Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 158 (19.80%) Kafka
2 88 (11.03%) HTML
3 87 (10.90%) Spring
4 85 (10.65%) REST
5 65 (8.15%) Node.js
6 63 (7.89%) CSS
7 60 (7.52%) AngularJS
8 59 (7.39%) Web Services
9 53 (6.64%) Apache NiFi
10 52 (6.52%) Middleware
10 52 (6.52%) XML
11 51 (6.39%) React
12 49 (6.14%) .NET
12 49 (6.14%) JSON
13 47 (5.89%) SOAP
14 45 (5.64%) LAMP
15 43 (5.39%) HTML5
16 42 (5.26%) RESTful
17 39 (4.89%) PySpark
18 37 (4.64%) Apache Beam
Miscellaneous
1 31 (3.88%) Clustering
2 24 (3.01%) Cloud Native
3 22 (2.76%) Enterprise Software
4 20 (2.51%) Data Centre
4 20 (2.51%) Market Risk
5 19 (2.38%) Data Structures
5 19 (2.38%) Derivative
5 19 (2.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 18 (2.26%) Fixed Income
6 18 (2.26%) Self-Motivation
7 17 (2.13%) Linux Command Line
8 16 (2.01%) Algorithms
8 16 (2.01%) Grid Computing
9 15 (1.88%) Legacy Systems
9 15 (1.88%) Management Information System
10 13 (1.63%) Replication
11 12 (1.50%) Public Cloud
11 12 (1.50%) User Experience
12 11 (1.38%) Equities
12 11 (1.38%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 230 (28.82%) Linux
2 88 (11.03%) Unix
3 85 (10.65%) Windows
4 28 (3.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 26 (3.26%) Ubuntu
6 18 (2.26%) Windows Server
7 13 (1.63%) CentOS
8 10 (1.25%) Windows 10
9 8 (1.00%) Solaris
9 8 (1.00%) SUSE
9 8 (1.00%) Windows Server 2016
9 8 (1.00%) Windows Server 2019
10 7 (0.88%) Android
10 7 (0.88%) Debian
10 7 (0.88%) VMS
11 4 (0.50%) HPUX
12 3 (0.38%) AIX
12 3 (0.38%) Apple iOS
12 3 (0.38%) Windows 7
12 3 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 286 (35.84%) Agile Software Development
2 232 (29.07%) DevOps
3 151 (18.92%) Software Engineering
4 126 (15.79%) Microservices
5 112 (14.04%) Scrum
6 100 (12.53%) Continuous Integration
7 88 (11.03%) Analytics
8 86 (10.78%) Test Automation
9 84 (10.53%) Open Source
10 79 (9.90%) SDLC
11 74 (9.27%) Data Engineering
12 70 (8.77%) Migration
13 69 (8.65%) Data Pipeline
14 63 (7.89%) Problem-Solving
15 61 (7.64%) Configuration Management
16 58 (7.27%) SOA
17 56 (7.02%) ETL
17 56 (7.02%) TDD
18 50 (6.27%) Data Modelling
18 50 (6.27%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 342 (42.86%) Java
2 311 (38.97%) Python
3 284 (35.59%) SQL
4 137 (17.17%) Scala
5 128 (16.04%) JavaScript
6 56 (7.02%) Bash Shell
7 50 (6.27%) Shell Script
8 43 (5.39%) PHP
9 36 (4.51%) TypeScript
10 35 (4.39%) C#
11 32 (4.01%) Java 8
12 26 (3.26%) C++
13 25 (3.13%) PowerShell
14 23 (2.88%) Perl
15 21 (2.63%) T-SQL
16 17 (2.13%) Go
17 14 (1.75%) C
18 13 (1.63%) Kotlin
18 13 (1.63%) PL/SQL
19 11 (1.38%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 105 (13.16%) Security Cleared
2 95 (11.90%) SC Cleared
3 47 (5.89%) DV Cleared
4 32 (4.01%) Degree
5 18 (2.26%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (1.75%) ISEB
7 13 (1.63%) Master's Degree
8 11 (1.38%) BPSS Clearance
9 7 (0.88%) ITIL Certification
9 7 (0.88%) RHCE
10 5 (0.63%) DBS Check
11 4 (0.50%) AWS Certification
11 4 (0.50%) ISTQB
12 3 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 3 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
12 3 (0.38%) RHCSA
13 1 (0.13%) A+ Certification
13 1 (0.13%) Linux+ Certification
13 1 (0.13%) Sun Certification
13 1 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (4.51%) QA
2 17 (2.13%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.75%) GDPR
4 5 (0.63%) Accessibility
5 4 (0.50%) SLA
6 3 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.25%) COBIT
7 2 (0.25%) HL7
7 2 (0.25%) MiFID
7 2 (0.25%) NIST
7 2 (0.25%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.13%) EMIR
8 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 140 (17.54%) Docker
2 38 (4.76%) HDFS
3 37 (4.64%) Active Directory
4 34 (4.26%) VMware Infrastructure
5 31 (3.88%) GridGain
6 22 (2.76%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (1.50%) Hyper-V
8 10 (1.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 7 (0.88%) NFS
9 7 (0.88%) Postfix
9 7 (0.88%) qmail
9 7 (0.88%) Xen
10 6 (0.75%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.50%) Apache Flume
11 4 (0.50%) OpenAM
12 3 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.38%) VMware Workstation
13 2 (0.25%) KVM
13 2 (0.25%) OpenIDM
13 2 (0.25%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 154 (19.30%) Kubernetes
2 139 (17.42%) Ansible
3 132 (16.54%) Terraform
4 52 (6.52%) Puppet
5 21 (2.63%) Grafana
5 21 (2.63%) Prometheus
6 17 (2.13%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (1.50%) Oozie
7 12 (1.50%) Single Sign-On
8 11 (1.38%) Nagios
8 11 (1.38%) Packer
9 10 (1.25%) Hadoop YARN
10 9 (1.13%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 7 (0.88%) CA Single Sign-On
12 5 (0.63%) Consul
12 5 (0.63%) FortiGate
12 5 (0.63%) Istio
12 5 (0.63%) Kibana
13 4 (0.50%) cPanel
13 4 (0.50%) Icinga
Vendors
1 151 (18.92%) Oracle
2 96 (12.03%) Microsoft
3 79 (9.90%) Databricks
4 73 (9.15%) Google
5 47 (5.89%) VMware
6 45 (5.64%) IBM
7 40 (5.01%) Red Hat
8 29 (3.63%) SAP
8 29 (3.63%) ServiceNow
9 27 (3.38%) Splunk
10 25 (3.13%) Cloudera
11 21 (2.63%) Adobe
12 16 (2.01%) Veracode
13 15 (1.88%) Sybase
14 13 (1.63%) webMethods
15 12 (1.50%) Confluent
15 12 (1.50%) TIBCO
16 11 (1.38%) Alteryx
17 10 (1.25%) NetApp
17 10 (1.25%) New Relic