Period
to 20 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 20 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
20 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 207 264 452
Rank change year-on-year +57 +188 +98
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 940 973 490
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.30% 0.99% 0.49%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.53% 1.14% 0.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 671 650 327
UK median daily rate £565 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.73% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £425 £413 £396
90th Percentile £700 £650 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £540 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +2.86% +5.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 1
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - £45.00

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 61,620 85,595 85,719
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.28% 87.31% 86.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 40,114 56,511 57,294
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £405
% change year-on-year +1.18% +4.94% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,051 2,152 2,026
UK median hourly rate £22.85 £23.34 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.10% +1.48% -1.18%
10th Percentile £12.02 £11.29 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.28 £50.00 £49.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £22.37 £23.88
% change year-on-year -6.10% -6.32% +6.11%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Contractor daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 20 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 20 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +56 861 £575 +4.55% 329
London +74 470 £600 +9.09% 172
UK excluding London +67 456 £540 +2.86% 181
South East +90 134 £525 -4.55% 33
North of England +12 108 £550 +3.77% 54
South West +57 83 £600 +17.07% 22
North West +38 64 £550 +0.92% 35
Yorkshire +19 43 £550 - 17
Scotland +13 42 £500 - 13
Midlands -6 34 £425 -9.33% 23
East of England +42 29 £525 +2.44% 24
Wales +53 27 £485 -9.77% 12
West Midlands +12 27 £540 +2.86% 14
East Midlands +6 7 £300 -25.00% 9
North East -23 1 £638 +21.43% 2

For the 6 months to 20 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 769 (81.81%) DevOps
2 566 (60.21%) Terraform
3 493 (52.45%) AWS
4 452 (48.09%) Azure
5 440 (46.81%) Agile Software Development
6 378 (40.21%) Ansible
7 377 (40.11%) Kubernetes
8 343 (36.49%) Python
9 329 (35.00%) Docker
10 286 (30.43%) Jenkins
11 279 (29.68%) Continuous Integration
12 264 (28.09%) Linux
13 201 (21.38%) Configuration Management
14 192 (20.43%) PowerShell
15 187 (19.89%) Opscode Chef
16 183 (19.47%) AWS CloudFormation
17 179 (19.04%) Git (software)
18 176 (18.72%) Java
19 167 (17.77%) Puppet
20 165 (17.55%) Bash Shell
21 162 (17.23%) PaaS
21 162 (17.23%) Microservices
22 153 (16.28%) SQL
23 149 (15.85%) Microsoft
24 148 (15.74%) Migration
25 137 (14.57%) Security Cleared
26 136 (14.47%) Continuous Delivery
27 135 (14.36%) Windows
28 127 (13.51%) Test Automation
29 126 (13.40%) Ruby

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (4.26%) Confluence
2 27 (2.87%) Elasticsearch
3 19 (2.02%) Apache
4 15 (1.60%) OpenStack
5 14 (1.49%) Cloud Foundry
6 12 (1.28%) Tomcat
7 11 (1.17%) Apache Spark
8 10 (1.06%) IIS
9 6 (0.64%) JBoss
9 6 (0.64%) SharePoint
10 5 (0.53%) Apache Airflow
10 5 (0.53%) MS Exchange
10 5 (0.53%) nginx
10 5 (0.53%) SAS
11 4 (0.43%) Exchange Server 2010
11 4 (0.43%) Exchange Server 2013
11 4 (0.43%) WebLogic
12 3 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 2 (0.21%) Drupal
13 2 (0.21%) Jupyter
Applications
1 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (0.85%) thinkFolio
2 5 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.21%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 493 (52.45%) AWS
2 452 (48.09%) Azure
3 183 (19.47%) AWS CloudFormation
4 162 (17.23%) PaaS
5 121 (12.87%) IaaS
6 119 (12.66%) GCP
7 90 (9.57%) Serverless
8 83 (8.83%) OpenShift
9 78 (8.30%) Amazon S3
10 68 (7.23%) AWS Lambda
11 67 (7.13%) Amazon EC2
11 67 (7.13%) GitHub
12 61 (6.49%) Power Platform
13 41 (4.36%) SaaS
14 39 (4.15%) Azure Active Directory
15 38 (4.04%) Cloud Computing
16 35 (3.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 28 (2.98%) Route 53
18 26 (2.77%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 21 (2.23%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 50 (5.32%) Firewall
2 37 (3.94%) DNS
2 37 (3.94%) VPN
3 20 (2.13%) TCP/IP
4 14 (1.49%) SSL
5 13 (1.38%) DHCP
5 13 (1.38%) HTTP
6 11 (1.17%) Network Security
7 9 (0.96%) WAN
8 8 (0.85%) SAN
9 7 (0.74%) Skype
10 6 (0.64%) Reverse Proxy
11 5 (0.53%) Cisco ASA
11 5 (0.53%) Internet
11 5 (0.53%) Intrusion Detection
12 4 (0.43%) Cisco IOS
12 4 (0.43%) Kerberos
12 4 (0.43%) NAS
12 4 (0.43%) VLAN
13 3 (0.32%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (7.45%) Data Lake
2 61 (6.49%) Power BI
3 55 (5.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 54 (5.74%) NoSQL
5 50 (5.32%) Big Data
6 39 (4.15%) SQL Server
7 36 (3.83%) HDInsight
8 27 (2.87%) MySQL
9 26 (2.77%) Amazon RDS
10 24 (2.55%) Redis
10 24 (2.55%) Relational Database
11 21 (2.23%) Data Warehouse
12 17 (1.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 16 (1.70%) Azure SQL Database
14 15 (1.60%) PostgreSQL
15 14 (1.49%) Amazon Redshift
15 14 (1.49%) Hadoop
16 13 (1.38%) MongoDB
17 11 (1.17%) Parquet
18 10 (1.06%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 286 (30.43%) Jenkins
2 179 (19.04%) Git (software)
3 64 (6.81%) JIRA
3 64 (6.81%) Visual Studio Team System
4 59 (6.28%) Visual Studio
5 39 (4.15%) Bitbucket
6 32 (3.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 30 (3.19%) CircleCI
8 29 (3.09%) Team Foundation Server
9 28 (2.98%) Sonatype Nexus
10 27 (2.87%) GitLab
11 26 (2.77%) Vagrant
12 24 (2.55%) Subversion
13 20 (2.13%) SonarQube
14 19 (2.02%) Octopus Deploy
15 14 (1.49%) Travis CI
16 13 (1.38%) Artifactory
16 13 (1.38%) TeamCity
17 12 (1.28%) Maven
18 9 (0.96%) Selenium
General
1 121 (12.87%) Finance
2 92 (9.79%) Public Sector
3 44 (4.68%) Banking
4 16 (1.70%) Legal
4 16 (1.70%) Telecoms
5 11 (1.17%) Retail
6 10 (1.06%) Law
6 10 (1.06%) Publishing
7 6 (0.64%) Investment Banking
8 5 (0.53%) Financial Institution
8 5 (0.53%) Marketing
9 3 (0.32%) Front Office
10 2 (0.21%) Billing
10 2 (0.21%) Electronics
10 2 (0.21%) Games
10 2 (0.21%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.21%) Spanish Language
11 1 (0.11%) Corporate Banking
11 1 (0.11%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 458 (48.72%) DevOps Engineer
2 141 (15.00%) AWS Engineer
3 132 (14.04%) Azure Engineer
4 106 (11.28%) AWS DevOps
5 101 (10.74%) Cloud Engineer
6 100 (10.64%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 84 (8.94%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 80 (8.51%) Senior DevOps
9 72 (7.66%) Architect
10 69 (7.34%) Developer
11 68 (7.23%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 60 (6.38%) Azure DevOps
13 55 (5.85%) Kubernetes Engineer
14 46 (4.89%) Infrastructure Engineer
15 45 (4.79%) Platform Engineer
16 33 (3.51%) Python Engineer
17 32 (3.40%) Consultant
18 30 (3.19%) Site Reliability Engineer
19 29 (3.09%) Senior Developer
20 26 (2.77%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 94 (10.00%) .NET
2 83 (8.83%) Web Services
3 77 (8.19%) Node.js
4 34 (3.62%) JSON
4 34 (3.62%) Kafka
5 17 (1.81%) Vue.js
6 16 (1.70%) React
6 16 (1.70%) REST
6 16 (1.70%) Spring
6 16 (1.70%) XML
7 14 (1.49%) AngularJS
7 14 (1.49%) Elastic Stack
7 14 (1.49%) Pandas
8 13 (1.38%) .NET Core
8 13 (1.38%) .NET Framework
8 13 (1.38%) ASP.NET
8 13 (1.38%) NumPy
8 13 (1.38%) Ruby on Rails
8 13 (1.38%) scikit-learn
9 12 (1.28%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 64 (6.81%) Public Cloud
2 55 (5.85%) Data Centre
3 50 (5.32%) Greenfield Project
4 45 (4.79%) Linux Command Line
5 43 (4.57%) Cloud Native
6 25 (2.66%) Analytical Skills
7 24 (2.55%) Hybrid Cloud
8 21 (2.23%) Self-Motivation
9 17 (1.81%) Virtual Team
10 16 (1.70%) Private Cloud
11 13 (1.38%) Clustering
12 12 (1.28%) Derivative
13 11 (1.17%) Enterprise Storage
14 10 (1.06%) Replication
15 9 (0.96%) Equities
15 9 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 9 (0.96%) Mobile App
16 8 (0.85%) Fixed Income
16 8 (0.85%) Management Information System
17 7 (0.74%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 264 (28.09%) Linux
2 135 (14.36%) Windows
3 74 (7.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 41 (4.36%) Windows Server
5 39 (4.15%) Unix
6 37 (3.94%) CentOS
7 26 (2.77%) Ubuntu
8 16 (1.70%) Windows Server 2008
9 10 (1.06%) Android
9 10 (1.06%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (0.85%) Debian
10 8 (0.85%) Windows 10
11 7 (0.74%) Apple iOS
11 7 (0.74%) VMS
12 6 (0.64%) Solaris
13 3 (0.32%) DC/OS
13 3 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.32%) zOS
14 1 (0.11%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 769 (81.81%) DevOps
2 440 (46.81%) Agile Software Development
3 279 (29.68%) Continuous Integration
4 201 (21.38%) Configuration Management
5 162 (17.23%) Microservices
6 148 (15.74%) Migration
7 136 (14.47%) Continuous Delivery
8 127 (13.51%) Test Automation
9 114 (12.13%) Analytics
10 98 (10.43%) Scrum
11 85 (9.04%) Software Engineering
12 81 (8.62%) Site Reliability Engineering
13 69 (7.34%) Business Intelligence
14 67 (7.13%) Open Source
15 63 (6.70%) Problem-Solving
16 62 (6.60%) DevSecOps
17 53 (5.64%) Data Management
17 53 (5.64%) Kanban
17 53 (5.64%) TDD
18 50 (5.32%) Infrastructure Engineering
Programming Languages
1 343 (36.49%) Python
2 192 (20.43%) PowerShell
3 176 (18.72%) Java
4 165 (17.55%) Bash Shell
5 153 (16.28%) SQL
6 126 (13.40%) Ruby
7 97 (10.32%) JavaScript
8 76 (8.09%) Go
9 45 (4.79%) Shell Script
10 39 (4.15%) C#
11 23 (2.45%) Groovy
11 23 (2.45%) Perl
12 22 (2.34%) Scala
13 21 (2.23%) PHP
14 16 (1.70%) TypeScript
15 6 (0.64%) C
15 6 (0.64%) Kotlin
16 4 (0.43%) PL/SQL
16 4 (0.43%) R
17 3 (0.32%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 137 (14.57%) Security Cleared
2 87 (9.26%) SC Cleared
3 43 (4.57%) Degree
4 29 (3.09%) AWS Certification
5 21 (2.23%) Microsoft Certification
6 13 (1.38%) BPSS Clearance
7 12 (1.28%) Computer Science Degree
8 10 (1.06%) MCSA
9 9 (0.96%) DBS Check
10 6 (0.64%) CCNA
10 6 (0.64%) Cisco Certification
11 4 (0.43%) SANS
12 3 (0.32%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.21%) CISSP
13 2 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
13 2 (0.21%) MCTS
13 2 (0.21%) OCPJP
13 2 (0.21%) RHCE
13 2 (0.21%) VCP6
13 2 (0.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (4.68%) QA
2 8 (0.85%) SLA
3 6 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (0.64%) NIST
4 4 (0.43%) GDPR
5 3 (0.32%) NCSC
6 2 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.21%) HIPAA
6 2 (0.21%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.11%) NIST 800
System Software
1 329 (35.00%) Docker
2 60 (6.38%) Virtual Machines
3 47 (5.00%) Active Directory
3 47 (5.00%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (1.06%) Hyper-V
4 10 (1.06%) vSphere
5 8 (0.85%) VMware NSX
6 4 (0.43%) NFS
7 2 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.21%) DFS Replication
7 2 (0.21%) LXC
7 2 (0.21%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.11%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
8 1 (0.11%) Corosync
8 1 (0.11%) HDFS
8 1 (0.11%) vCloud
8 1 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.11%) XenApp
8 1 (0.11%) XenDesktop
8 1 (0.11%) zsh
Systems Management
1 566 (60.21%) Terraform
2 378 (40.21%) Ansible
3 377 (40.11%) Kubernetes
4 187 (19.89%) Opscode Chef
5 167 (17.77%) Puppet
6 55 (5.85%) Prometheus
7 46 (4.89%) Grafana
8 42 (4.47%) Packer
9 28 (2.98%) Salt
10 24 (2.55%) Nagios
11 22 (2.34%) Kibana
12 21 (2.23%) Docker Swarm
13 16 (1.70%) Consul
14 12 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
14 12 (1.28%) vRealize Orchestrator
15 9 (0.96%) Istio
15 9 (0.96%) logstash
15 9 (0.96%) SCCM
16 7 (0.74%) Rancher
17 6 (0.64%) Graphite
Vendors
1 149 (15.85%) Microsoft
2 67 (7.13%) Red Hat
3 61 (6.49%) Google
4 50 (5.32%) VMware
5 32 (3.40%) Splunk
6 31 (3.30%) Oracle
7 15 (1.60%) Informatica
8 13 (1.38%) TOWER Software
9 12 (1.28%) Databricks
9 12 (1.28%) Dell
10 10 (1.06%) Cisco
10 10 (1.06%) EMC
11 9 (0.96%) EnterpriseDB
11 9 (0.96%) HP
12 8 (0.85%) Charles River
12 8 (0.85%) IBM
13 7 (0.74%) Atlassian
13 7 (0.74%) Citrix
13 7 (0.74%) Lets Encrypt
13 7 (0.74%) NetApp