Period
to 21 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 21 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 210 279 511
Rank change year-on-year +69 +232 +73
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,083 934 410
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.27% 0.91% 0.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.48% 1.05% 0.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 747 647 265
UK median daily rate £575 £550 £535
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +2.80% +1.90%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £413
90th Percentile £713 £669 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +13.51%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 1
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - £45.00

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 73,386 88,857 85,693
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.39% 86.82% 86.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,193 58,603 56,760
UK median daily rate £475 £451 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.44% +0.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £278
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,276 2,406 2,056
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £20.62 £24.66
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.38% -16.37% +9.60%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.18 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.00 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.91 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +14.54% -20.00% +8.70%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Contractor daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +63 988 £575 +4.55% 307
London +77 579 £600 +9.09% 155
UK excluding London +85 482 £550 +10.00% 164
South East +78 126 £550 +4.76% 45
North of England +22 119 £550 +7.32% 38
South West +47 101 £583 +18.27% 19
North West +51 69 £550 +15.79% 15
Scotland +41 58 £500 - 8
Yorkshire +23 45 £550 +4.76% 18
Midlands +30 35 £525 +5.00% 29
Wales +40 25 £450 -23.40% 4
West Midlands +27 25 £600 +13.11% 20
East of England +20 21 £550 +2.33% 21
East Midlands +16 10 £485 +21.25% 9
North East -19 3 £600 +20.00% 5

For the 6 months to 21 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 884 (81.63%) DevOps
2 683 (63.07%) Terraform
3 655 (60.48%) AWS
4 511 (47.18%) Ansible
5 503 (46.45%) Agile Software Development
6 464 (42.84%) Azure
7 448 (41.37%) Python
8 407 (37.58%) Kubernetes
9 378 (34.90%) Jenkins
10 364 (33.61%) Docker
11 349 (32.23%) Linux
12 260 (24.01%) Continuous Integration
13 249 (22.99%) Puppet
14 244 (22.53%) Configuration Management
15 239 (22.07%) Git (software)
16 234 (21.61%) Opscode Chef
17 208 (19.21%) Bash Shell
18 206 (19.02%) Java
19 198 (18.28%) Finance
20 197 (18.19%) PowerShell
21 196 (18.10%) AWS CloudFormation
22 173 (15.97%) Microservices
23 171 (15.79%) GCP
24 165 (15.24%) Security Cleared
24 165 (15.24%) SQL
25 149 (13.76%) Microsoft
26 147 (13.57%) Scrum
27 136 (12.56%) Ruby
28 135 (12.47%) Migration
29 130 (12.00%) Big Data

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (3.88%) Elasticsearch
2 34 (3.14%) Apache
3 30 (2.77%) Confluence
4 26 (2.40%) Apache Spark
5 20 (1.85%) IIS
6 15 (1.39%) OpenStack
6 15 (1.39%) Tomcat
7 10 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
7 10 (0.92%) JBoss
8 9 (0.83%) Apache Airflow
9 7 (0.65%) Anypoint
9 7 (0.65%) nginx
9 7 (0.65%) SharePoint
10 6 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 5 (0.46%) WebLogic
12 4 (0.37%) ColdFusion
12 4 (0.37%) Jetty
12 4 (0.37%) MS Exchange
12 4 (0.37%) Oracle HTTP Server
12 4 (0.37%) SAS
Business Applications
1 5 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (0.37%) thinkFolio
3 3 (0.28%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.092%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.092%) Fredhopper
Cloud Services
1 655 (60.48%) AWS
2 464 (42.84%) Azure
3 196 (18.10%) AWS CloudFormation
4 171 (15.79%) GCP
5 128 (11.82%) PaaS
6 102 (9.42%) Serverless
7 94 (8.68%) OpenShift
8 86 (7.94%) IaaS
9 82 (7.57%) GitHub
10 76 (7.02%) Amazon S3
11 75 (6.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 73 (6.74%) AWS Lambda
13 67 (6.19%) Amazon EC2
14 49 (4.52%) Azure Active Directory
15 47 (4.34%) Power Platform
16 44 (4.06%) Datadog
17 41 (3.79%) SaaS
18 36 (3.32%) Cloud Computing
19 30 (2.77%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 29 (2.68%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 84 (7.76%) Firewall
2 51 (4.71%) DNS
3 31 (2.86%) TCP/IP
3 31 (2.86%) VPN
4 29 (2.68%) HTTP
5 21 (1.94%) WAN
6 20 (1.85%) SAN
7 18 (1.66%) NAS
7 18 (1.66%) SSL
8 17 (1.57%) DHCP
9 13 (1.20%) Network Security
10 9 (0.83%) BGP
11 8 (0.74%) Intrusion Detection
12 7 (0.65%) Cisco ASA
12 7 (0.65%) OSPF
12 7 (0.65%) Skype
13 6 (0.55%) Internet
14 5 (0.46%) VLAN
15 4 (0.37%) BIG-IP
15 4 (0.37%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 130 (12.00%) Big Data
2 61 (5.63%) Amazon RDS
3 56 (5.17%) SQL Server
4 55 (5.08%) MySQL
5 53 (4.89%) Data Lake
5 53 (4.89%) NoSQL
6 47 (4.34%) Power BI
7 42 (3.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 26 (2.40%) Redis
8 26 (2.40%) Relational Database
9 25 (2.31%) Hadoop
10 24 (2.22%) Data Warehouse
10 24 (2.22%) MongoDB
11 23 (2.12%) PostgreSQL
12 22 (2.03%) Apache Cassandra
13 20 (1.85%) HDInsight
14 19 (1.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 15 (1.39%) Amazon Aurora
15 15 (1.39%) RDBMS
16 14 (1.29%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 378 (34.90%) Jenkins
2 239 (22.07%) Git (software)
3 82 (7.57%) JIRA
4 78 (7.20%) Visual Studio Team System
5 44 (4.06%) Bitbucket
6 43 (3.97%) GitLab
6 43 (3.97%) Visual Studio
7 42 (3.88%) Sonatype Nexus
8 38 (3.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 37 (3.42%) Vagrant
10 34 (3.14%) CircleCI
11 30 (2.77%) TeamCity
12 26 (2.40%) SonarQube
13 24 (2.22%) Team Foundation Server
14 19 (1.75%) Travis CI
15 17 (1.57%) Maven
16 16 (1.48%) Subversion
17 15 (1.39%) Artifactory
18 12 (1.11%) Selenium
19 10 (0.92%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 198 (18.28%) Finance
2 70 (6.46%) Public Sector
3 67 (6.19%) Banking
4 24 (2.22%) Publishing
5 21 (1.94%) Telecoms
6 17 (1.57%) Financial Institution
6 17 (1.57%) Law
7 12 (1.11%) Retail
8 11 (1.02%) Legal
9 10 (0.92%) Marketing
10 8 (0.74%) Investment Banking
11 7 (0.65%) Manufacturing
12 5 (0.46%) Advertising
12 5 (0.46%) Electronics
12 5 (0.46%) Games
13 4 (0.37%) Billing
14 2 (0.18%) Automotive
14 2 (0.18%) Front Office
14 2 (0.18%) Retail Banking
15 1 (0.092%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 555 (51.25%) DevOps Engineer
2 174 (16.07%) Cloud Engineer
3 166 (15.33%) AWS Engineer
4 115 (10.62%) AWS DevOps
4 115 (10.62%) Azure Engineer
5 109 (10.06%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 96 (8.86%) Azure DevOps
7 82 (7.57%) Architect
8 77 (7.11%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 76 (7.02%) Senior DevOps
10 74 (6.83%) Developer
11 71 (6.56%) Kubernetes Engineer
11 71 (6.56%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 51 (4.71%) Lead DevOps
13 50 (4.62%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 45 (4.16%) Platform Engineer
15 38 (3.51%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 36 (3.32%) Consultant
17 35 (3.23%) Python Engineer
18 34 (3.14%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (7.85%) Web Services
2 78 (7.20%) .NET
3 77 (7.11%) Node.js
4 63 (5.82%) JSON
5 61 (5.63%) Kafka
6 41 (3.79%) RESTful
7 39 (3.60%) Swagger
8 36 (3.32%) REST
9 29 (2.68%) Spring
10 24 (2.22%) XML
11 23 (2.12%) Elastic Stack
12 18 (1.66%) HTML
13 17 (1.57%) Spring Boot
14 16 (1.48%) .NET Core
14 16 (1.48%) Lambda Expressions
14 16 (1.48%) RabbitMQ
15 14 (1.29%) Middleware
16 13 (1.20%) CSS
16 13 (1.20%) LAMP
16 13 (1.20%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 99 (9.14%) Public Cloud
2 69 (6.37%) Data Centre
3 57 (5.26%) Greenfield Project
4 50 (4.62%) Cloud Native
5 42 (3.88%) Linux Command Line
6 29 (2.68%) Clustering
7 28 (2.59%) Hybrid Cloud
8 24 (2.22%) Replication
9 20 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
10 19 (1.75%) Analytical Skills
10 19 (1.75%) Mobile App
11 12 (1.11%) Blog
12 11 (1.02%) Derivative
12 11 (1.02%) Wiki
13 10 (0.92%) Private Cloud
13 10 (0.92%) Virtual Team
14 9 (0.83%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 8 (0.74%) Data Structures
16 7 (0.65%) Enterprise Software
16 7 (0.65%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 349 (32.23%) Linux
2 119 (10.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 118 (10.90%) Windows
4 62 (5.72%) CentOS
5 38 (3.51%) Unix
6 36 (3.32%) Windows Server
7 28 (2.59%) Ubuntu
8 23 (2.12%) Windows Server 2008
9 20 (1.85%) Windows Server 2012
10 16 (1.48%) Android
11 15 (1.39%) Apple iOS
12 9 (0.83%) Windows 10
13 7 (0.65%) Solaris
14 6 (0.55%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 6 (0.55%) VMS
15 5 (0.46%) Mesosphere
16 4 (0.37%) Debian
17 3 (0.28%) zOS
18 2 (0.18%) DC/OS
19 1 (0.092%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 884 (81.63%) DevOps
2 503 (46.45%) Agile Software Development
3 260 (24.01%) Continuous Integration
4 244 (22.53%) Configuration Management
5 173 (15.97%) Microservices
6 147 (13.57%) Scrum
7 135 (12.47%) Migration
8 120 (11.08%) Continuous Delivery
9 116 (10.71%) Analytics
10 97 (8.96%) Kanban
11 94 (8.68%) Test Automation
12 86 (7.94%) Software Engineering
13 81 (7.48%) Open Source
14 78 (7.20%) DevSecOps
14 78 (7.20%) Site Reliability Engineering
15 68 (6.28%) TDD
16 66 (6.09%) Problem-Solving
17 63 (5.82%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 61 (5.63%) High Availability
19 56 (5.17%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 448 (41.37%) Python
2 208 (19.21%) Bash Shell
3 206 (19.02%) Java
4 197 (18.19%) PowerShell
5 165 (15.24%) SQL
6 136 (12.56%) Ruby
7 100 (9.23%) JavaScript
8 97 (8.96%) Go
9 56 (5.17%) Perl
10 49 (4.52%) Shell Script
11 40 (3.69%) C#
12 32 (2.95%) PHP
13 27 (2.49%) Scala
14 23 (2.12%) Groovy
15 11 (1.02%) C
16 10 (0.92%) Kotlin
17 9 (0.83%) TypeScript
18 5 (0.46%) C++
18 5 (0.46%) Java 9
19 4 (0.37%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 165 (15.24%) Security Cleared
2 113 (10.43%) SC Cleared
3 37 (3.42%) Degree
4 32 (2.95%) AWS Certification
5 21 (1.94%) Microsoft Certification
6 11 (1.02%) Computer Science Degree
6 11 (1.02%) MCSA
6 11 (1.02%) RHCE
7 10 (0.92%) DV Cleared
8 9 (0.83%) DBS Check
9 8 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.65%) CCNP
10 7 (0.65%) Cisco Certification
11 6 (0.55%) CCNA
12 4 (0.37%) CISSP
13 3 (0.28%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 3 (0.28%) CCSP
13 3 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
14 2 (0.18%) VCP6
14 2 (0.18%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (3.23%) QA
2 16 (1.48%) NCSC
2 16 (1.48%) NIST
3 10 (0.92%) SLA
4 7 (0.65%) GDPR
4 7 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 17025
6 3 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.092%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.092%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.092%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.092%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 364 (33.61%) Docker
2 55 (5.08%) Active Directory
2 55 (5.08%) VMware Infrastructure
3 32 (2.95%) Virtual Machines
4 30 (2.77%) Hyper-V
5 12 (1.11%) vSphere
6 7 (0.65%) VMware NSX
7 6 (0.55%) HDFS
7 6 (0.55%) LXC
8 5 (0.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 5 (0.46%) Gluster
8 5 (0.46%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 5 (0.46%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 5 (0.46%) XenApp
9 3 (0.28%) vCloud
10 2 (0.18%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.18%) DFS Replication
10 2 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.18%) NFS
11 1 (0.092%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 683 (63.07%) Terraform
2 511 (47.18%) Ansible
3 407 (37.58%) Kubernetes
4 249 (22.99%) Puppet
5 234 (21.61%) Opscode Chef
6 61 (5.63%) Packer
6 61 (5.63%) Prometheus
7 53 (4.89%) Grafana
8 41 (3.79%) Consul
9 33 (3.05%) Nagios
10 30 (2.77%) Salt
11 25 (2.31%) Kibana
12 18 (1.66%) logstash
13 17 (1.57%) Graphite
14 15 (1.39%) Single Sign-On
15 14 (1.29%) SCCM
15 14 (1.29%) ZABBIX
16 13 (1.20%) Docker Swarm
17 12 (1.11%) Microsoft Clustering
18 9 (0.83%) Istio
Vendors
1 149 (13.76%) Microsoft
2 93 (8.59%) Red Hat
3 90 (8.31%) Google
4 67 (6.19%) VMware
5 42 (3.88%) Oracle
6 41 (3.79%) Splunk
7 28 (2.59%) HP
8 22 (2.03%) Citrix
8 22 (2.03%) EMC
9 19 (1.75%) IBM
10 18 (1.66%) Dell
11 17 (1.57%) Atlassian
11 17 (1.57%) Cisco
12 15 (1.39%) CheckPoint
13 14 (1.29%) Databricks
13 14 (1.29%) New Relic
13 14 (1.29%) SAP
14 11 (1.02%) MuleSoft
15 10 (0.92%) Palo Alto
15 10 (0.92%) ServiceNow