Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 19 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC, Infra as Code)
UK
6 months to
19 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 100 108 172
Rank change year-on-year +8 +64 +101
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 2,238 1,333 745
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.55% 2.31% 1.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.85% 2.62% 1.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,629 1,004 531
10th Percentile £453 £406 £416
25th Percentile £513 £463 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £590 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +12.38% -4.55% -
75th Percentile £675 £600 £625
90th Percentile £763 £656 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £484 £525
% change year-on-year +13.70% -7.86% -0.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 12 1
10th Percentile £39.27 £27.52 -
25th Percentile £40.42 £45.37 -
Median hourly rate £43.69 £60.75 £60.00
Median % change year-on-year -28.09% +1.25% +50.00%
75th Percentile £46.80 £63.00 -
90th Percentile £47.86 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.38 £56.25 -
% change year-on-year -15.78% - -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,423 50,975 42,295
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.42% 88.49% 86.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,109 34,943 28,147
10th Percentile £350 £313 £294
25th Percentile £431 £400 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £495 £475
Median % change year-on-year +8.59% +4.21% -
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £445 £450
% change year-on-year +9.55% -1.11% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,734 1,486 1,303
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.01 £12.42
25th Percentile £16.25 £15.50 £15.89
Median hourly rate £28.00 £25.41 £22.29
Median % change year-on-year +10.21% +14.00% -0.96%
75th Percentile £51.75 £46.24 £46.00
90th Percentile £65.54 £58.75 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.00 £22.50 £20.11
% change year-on-year -2.22% +11.88% -10.22%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 19 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Hourly rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 19 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +25 1,737 £600 +14.29% 409
Work from Home -12 1,163 £575 +4.55% 215
London +38 1,138 £600 +9.09% 212
UK excluding London -14 568 £550 +13.70% 232
North of England +10 163 £525 +5.53% 76
Scotland +8 138 £532 +12.00% 30
North West -3 99 £525 +5.00% 35
South East -60 91 £600 +20.00% 38
East of England +24 73 £600 +9.09% 21
Yorkshire +9 58 £525 +25.75% 26
South West -26 52 £550 +17.33% 23
Midlands -43 38 £525 +20.00% 31
West Midlands -53 30 £525 +40.00% 25
Wales -29 14 £575 +6.48% 7
North East -9 12 £485 -19.17% 15
East Midlands -19 7 £638 +49.12% 6
Northern Ireland - 1 £700 - 6

For the 6 months to 19 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 1,552 (69.35%) Terraform
2 1,534 (68.54%) DevOps
3 1,348 (60.23%) CI/CD
4 1,217 (54.38%) AWS
5 1,053 (47.05%) Azure
6 851 (38.03%) Python
7 806 (36.01%) Kubernetes
8 796 (35.57%) Agile
9 706 (31.55%) Docker
10 605 (27.03%) Jenkins
11 587 (26.23%) Ansible
12 571 (25.51%) Linux
13 476 (21.27%) Serverless
14 437 (19.53%) PowerShell
15 416 (18.59%) AWS CloudFormation
16 397 (17.74%) Microsoft
17 385 (17.20%) Finance
18 381 (17.02%) Java
19 359 (16.04%) Git (software)
20 356 (15.91%) Security Cleared
21 330 (14.75%) PaaS
22 322 (14.39%) SC Cleared
23 318 (14.21%) GitHub
24 290 (12.96%) Social Skills
25 286 (12.78%) Microservices
26 285 (12.73%) IaaS
26 285 (12.73%) Migration
27 284 (12.69%) GCP
28 283 (12.65%) Windows
29 282 (12.60%) Bash

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 106 (4.74%) Confluence
2 68 (3.04%) Elasticsearch
3 53 (2.37%) Apache Spark
4 32 (1.43%) nginx
5 23 (1.03%) Apache
5 23 (1.03%) SharePoint
6 21 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
7 19 (0.85%) Apache Airflow
8 18 (0.80%) IIS
9 13 (0.58%) CMS
10 11 (0.49%) GeoServer
11 10 (0.45%) OpenStack
12 9 (0.40%) NServiceBus
13 7 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
14 6 (0.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 6 (0.27%) Jupyter
14 6 (0.27%) Tomcat
15 3 (0.13%) Drupal
15 3 (0.13%) MS Exchange
15 3 (0.13%) SAS
Applications
1 14 (0.63%) Microsoft Excel
1 14 (0.63%) MS Visio
2 13 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.18%) Chatbot
3 4 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.045%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 13 (0.58%) Sentinel
2 6 (0.27%) Temenos T24
3 2 (0.089%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.089%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.089%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.089%) SAP IS-U
3 2 (0.089%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.045%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.045%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.045%) R3 Corda
4 1 (0.045%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,217 (54.38%) AWS
2 1,053 (47.05%) Azure
3 476 (21.27%) Serverless
4 416 (18.59%) AWS CloudFormation
5 330 (14.75%) PaaS
6 318 (14.21%) GitHub
7 285 (12.73%) IaaS
8 284 (12.69%) GCP
9 273 (12.20%) AWS Lambda
10 191 (8.53%) Amazon S3
11 160 (7.15%) Amazon EC2
12 147 (6.57%) Amazon ECS
13 144 (6.43%) SaaS
14 128 (5.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 127 (5.67%) Amazon EKS
16 120 (5.36%) OpenShift
17 108 (4.83%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 90 (4.02%) AWS CodePipeline
19 75 (3.35%) AWS Fargate
19 75 (3.35%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 128 (5.72%) DNS
2 124 (5.54%) Firewall
3 84 (3.75%) VPN
4 69 (3.08%) DHCP
4 69 (3.08%) Network Security
5 50 (2.23%) WAN
6 43 (1.92%) HTTP
7 40 (1.79%) TCP/IP
8 33 (1.47%) BGP
8 33 (1.47%) Internet
9 31 (1.39%) SD-WAN
10 30 (1.34%) Wireless
11 25 (1.12%) LAN
11 25 (1.12%) OSPF
12 20 (0.89%) Cisco Nexus
12 20 (0.89%) IPv6
12 20 (0.89%) SSL
13 19 (0.85%) VLAN
14 18 (0.80%) MPLS
15 16 (0.71%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 132 (5.90%) Amazon RDS
1 132 (5.90%) PostgreSQL
2 115 (5.14%) SQL Server
3 98 (4.38%) NoSQL
4 87 (3.89%) MongoDB
5 85 (3.80%) Relational Database
6 83 (3.71%) Big Data
7 67 (2.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 66 (2.95%) Amazon Aurora
9 65 (2.90%) Data Warehouse
10 51 (2.28%) Data Lake
11 50 (2.23%) Power BI
12 44 (1.97%) Azure SQL Database
12 44 (1.97%) MySQL
13 43 (1.92%) Amazon Redshift
14 40 (1.79%) Amazon Athena
15 24 (1.07%) Hadoop
15 24 (1.07%) RDBMS
16 19 (0.85%) Redis
17 18 (0.80%) Delta Lake
Development Applications
1 605 (27.03%) Jenkins
2 359 (16.04%) Git (software)
3 229 (10.23%) GitLab
4 160 (7.15%) JIRA
5 113 (5.05%) TeamCity
6 104 (4.65%) Maven
7 75 (3.35%) SonarQube
8 73 (3.26%) CircleCI
8 73 (3.26%) Gradle
9 52 (2.32%) Sonatype Nexus
10 50 (2.23%) Artifactory
11 48 (2.14%) Subversion
12 40 (1.79%) Spinnaker
13 36 (1.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 31 (1.39%) Bitbucket
14 31 (1.39%) Visual Studio
15 29 (1.30%) git-flow
16 26 (1.16%) Cucumber
17 25 (1.12%) Terragrunt
18 23 (1.03%) Selenium
General
1 385 (17.20%) Finance
2 290 (12.96%) Social Skills
3 263 (11.75%) Public Sector
4 114 (5.09%) Analytical Skills
5 100 (4.47%) Banking
6 54 (2.41%) Influencing Skills
7 50 (2.23%) Telecoms
8 43 (1.92%) Legal
9 38 (1.70%) Marketing
10 37 (1.65%) Manufacturing
11 34 (1.52%) Electronics
11 34 (1.52%) Financial Institution
12 33 (1.47%) Documentation Skills
13 28 (1.25%) Presentation Skills
14 26 (1.16%) Retail
15 20 (0.89%) Law
15 20 (0.89%) Tech for Good
16 15 (0.67%) Publishing
17 11 (0.49%) Investment Banking
18 10 (0.45%) Games
Job Titles
1 697 (31.14%) DevOps Engineer
2 366 (16.35%) AWS Engineer
3 311 (13.90%) Cloud Engineer
4 285 (12.73%) Azure Engineer
5 261 (11.66%) Architect
6 234 (10.46%) AWS DevOps
7 212 (9.47%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 196 (8.76%) Developer
9 134 (5.99%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 134 (5.99%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 117 (5.23%) Azure DevOps
11 92 (4.11%) Senior DevOps
12 87 (3.89%) Platform Engineer
13 85 (3.80%) Cloud Architect
14 82 (3.66%) Site Reliability Engineer
15 75 (3.35%) Solutions Architect
16 73 (3.26%) Senior DevOps Engineer
17 69 (3.08%) Data Engineer
18 64 (2.86%) Site Engineer
19 63 (2.82%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 148 (6.61%) .NET
2 133 (5.94%) Kafka
3 116 (5.18%) React
4 109 (4.87%) ARM Templates
5 100 (4.47%) Node.js
6 96 (4.29%) Elastic Stack
7 85 (3.80%) Spring
8 82 (3.66%) REST
9 76 (3.40%) JSON
10 75 (3.35%) YAML
11 63 (2.82%) Spring Boot
12 57 (2.55%) HTML
12 57 (2.55%) OAuth
13 53 (2.37%) RESTful
14 51 (2.28%) CSS
15 42 (1.88%) OAuth2
16 36 (1.61%) .NET Core
17 34 (1.52%) AngularJS
17 34 (1.52%) RabbitMQ
17 34 (1.52%) Spring Security
Miscellaneous
1 251 (11.22%) Public Cloud
2 216 (9.65%) Cloud Native
3 89 (3.98%) Data Centre
4 86 (3.84%) Hybrid Cloud
5 65 (2.90%) Data Protection Act
6 60 (2.68%) Legacy Systems
6 60 (2.68%) Linux Command Line
7 53 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
8 50 (2.23%) User Experience
9 43 (1.92%) Greenfield Project
10 35 (1.56%) Replication
11 33 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
12 32 (1.43%) Private Cloud
13 27 (1.21%) Hedge funds
14 25 (1.12%) PKI
15 20 (0.89%) Enterprise Cloud
16 19 (0.85%) Mobile App
17 17 (0.76%) Management Information System
18 13 (0.58%) Clustering
18 13 (0.58%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 571 (25.51%) Linux
2 283 (12.65%) Windows
3 85 (3.80%) Unix
4 78 (3.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 63 (2.82%) Windows Server
6 45 (2.01%) CentOS
7 26 (1.16%) Ubuntu
7 26 (1.16%) Windows Server 2016
8 20 (0.89%) VMS
9 19 (0.85%) Windows Server 2019
10 17 (0.76%) Oracle Linux
11 16 (0.71%) Amazon Linux
11 16 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
12 13 (0.58%) Mac OS
13 12 (0.54%) Android
14 11 (0.49%) Apple iOS
15 8 (0.36%) Solaris
15 8 (0.36%) SUSE
16 7 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
17 6 (0.27%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,534 (68.54%) DevOps
2 1,348 (60.23%) CI/CD
3 796 (35.57%) Agile
4 286 (12.78%) Microservices
5 285 (12.73%) Migration
6 272 (12.15%) Test Automation
7 265 (11.84%) Configuration Management
8 262 (11.71%) Continuous Integration
9 211 (9.43%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 209 (9.34%) Scrum
11 202 (9.03%) Continuous Delivery
11 202 (9.03%) Platform Engineering
12 199 (8.89%) Software Engineering
13 180 (8.04%) Site Reliability Engineering
14 170 (7.60%) Problem-Solving
15 161 (7.19%) Open Source
16 153 (6.84%) Analytics
17 122 (5.45%) TDD
18 119 (5.32%) Mentoring
19 111 (4.96%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 851 (38.03%) Python
2 437 (19.53%) PowerShell
3 381 (17.02%) Java
4 282 (12.60%) Bash
5 241 (10.77%) JavaScript
6 229 (10.23%) SQL
7 150 (6.70%) C#
8 140 (6.26%) Go
9 137 (6.12%) Ruby
10 79 (3.53%) TypeScript
11 47 (2.10%) Shell Script
12 45 (2.01%) Scala
13 41 (1.83%) Groovy
13 41 (1.83%) Perl
14 36 (1.61%) C
15 30 (1.34%) C++
16 27 (1.21%) Bicep
17 22 (0.98%) PHP
18 17 (0.76%) Kotlin
19 12 (0.54%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 356 (15.91%) Security Cleared
2 322 (14.39%) SC Cleared
3 115 (5.14%) AWS Certification
4 70 (3.13%) Degree
5 37 (1.65%) BPSS Clearance
6 34 (1.52%) RHCE
7 33 (1.47%) Cisco Certification
8 30 (1.34%) Microsoft Certification
9 29 (1.30%) CCNP
10 21 (0.94%) ITIL Certification
11 20 (0.89%) Computer Science Degree
12 18 (0.80%) DV Cleared
13 15 (0.67%) CCIE
14 14 (0.63%) CCNA
15 13 (0.58%) MCSE
16 11 (0.49%) CISSP
17 9 (0.40%) TOGAF Certification
18 7 (0.31%) RHCSA
19 5 (0.22%) DBS Check
19 5 (0.22%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (2.28%) Accessibility
2 36 (1.61%) QA
3 33 (1.47%) GDPR
4 28 (1.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 20 (0.89%) SLA
6 13 (0.58%) NIST
7 9 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
7 9 (0.40%) PMO
8 8 (0.36%) NCSC
9 7 (0.31%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 6 (0.27%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.13%) Data Quality
11 3 (0.13%) GLBA
11 3 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.089%) Cyber Essentials
12 2 (0.089%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 2 (0.089%) HIPAA
12 2 (0.089%) ISO 22301
12 2 (0.089%) ISO 9001
12 2 (0.089%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 706 (31.55%) Docker
2 108 (4.83%) Active Directory
3 89 (3.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 63 (2.82%) Virtual Machines
5 33 (1.47%) Hyper-V
6 28 (1.25%) vSphere
7 19 (0.85%) VMware NSX
8 17 (0.76%) KVM
9 11 (0.49%) NFS
10 10 (0.45%) Virtual Desktop
11 7 (0.31%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 7 (0.31%) VirtualBox
11 7 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
12 6 (0.27%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 6 (0.27%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 4 (0.18%) Ceph
13 4 (0.18%) oVirt
14 2 (0.089%) BitLocker
14 2 (0.089%) Squid
15 1 (0.045%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 1,552 (69.35%) Terraform
2 806 (36.01%) Kubernetes
3 587 (26.23%) Ansible
4 226 (10.10%) Puppet
5 160 (7.15%) Opscode Chef
6 155 (6.93%) Grafana
7 138 (6.17%) Prometheus
8 55 (2.46%) Packer
9 49 (2.19%) Istio
10 41 (1.83%) Kibana
11 32 (1.43%) Nagios
12 20 (0.89%) Single Sign-On
13 19 (0.85%) Microsoft Intune
14 16 (0.71%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 16 (0.71%) vRealize
15 15 (0.67%) logstash
16 14 (0.63%) Icinga
17 13 (0.58%) FreeIPA
17 13 (0.58%) Salt
17 13 (0.58%) SCCM
Vendors
1 397 (17.74%) Microsoft
2 165 (7.37%) Google
3 127 (5.67%) Red Hat
4 126 (5.63%) VMware
5 79 (3.53%) Databricks
6 78 (3.49%) Oracle
7 75 (3.35%) Cisco
8 64 (2.86%) Splunk
9 62 (2.77%) Atlassian
10 54 (2.41%) SAP
11 41 (1.83%) Palo Alto
12 39 (1.74%) ServiceNow
13 32 (1.43%) AppDynamics
14 31 (1.39%) Juniper
14 31 (1.39%) NetApp
15 29 (1.30%) IBM
16 28 (1.25%) New Relic
17 26 (1.16%) Dell
18 24 (1.07%) Zscaler
19 23 (1.03%) Dynatrace