Period
to 5 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 5 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
5 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 163 243 318
Rank change year-on-year +80 +75 +218
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 658 1,051 860
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.59% 1.12% 0.83%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.86% 1.29% 0.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 454 685 611
Median daily rate £550 £550 £530
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.77% -3.64%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £405
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -0.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 2 0
Median hourly rate £35.00 £51.25 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -31.71% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,443 81,593 90,402
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.82% 87.10% 86.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,273 53,728 59,605
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £421
% change year-on-year +2.86% +3.92% +5.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,234 2,292 2,448
Median hourly rate £32.15 £24.83 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +29.45% +15.50% -14.00%
10th Percentile £12.83 £11.85 £11.17
90th Percentile £54.48 £52.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £24.71 £24.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +2.96% +20.00% -20.00%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 5 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Hourly rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 5 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 5 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +95 616 £550 - 193
London +81 338 £575 - 102
UK excluding London +72 300 £525 - 103
North of England +87 118 £525 -2.33% 34
North West +64 69 £525 -4.55% 21
South East +58 65 £520 -3.26% 18
South West +56 41 £600 +12.94% 11
Yorkshire +79 40 £600 +19.94% 11
Work from Home +18 39 £525 +5.00% 31
Midlands +83 30 £450 -14.29% 12
West Midlands +65 21 £500 -14.82% 10
East of England +71 18 £500 -2.44% 16
Scotland +11 18 £525 - 3
Wales +14 10 £500 - 8
North East +33 9 £425 -10.05% 2
East Midlands +42 7 £358 -26.97% 2

For the 6 months to 5 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 520 (79.03%) DevOps
2 454 (69.00%) Terraform
3 395 (60.03%) AWS
4 299 (45.44%) Ansible
5 291 (44.22%) Agile Software Development
6 278 (42.25%) Kubernetes
7 265 (40.27%) Python
8 258 (39.21%) Docker
9 249 (37.84%) Jenkins
10 228 (34.65%) Azure
11 194 (29.48%) Linux
12 193 (29.33%) Continuous Integration
13 176 (26.75%) Git (software)
14 158 (24.01%) Java
15 135 (20.52%) Puppet
16 125 (19.00%) Continuous Delivery
16 125 (19.00%) AWS CloudFormation
17 122 (18.54%) PowerShell
18 120 (18.24%) Opscode Chef
19 115 (17.48%) Security Cleared
20 111 (16.87%) Bash Shell
20 111 (16.87%) Windows
20 111 (16.87%) Serverless
21 108 (16.41%) Configuration Management
21 108 (16.41%) Finance
22 104 (15.81%) GitHub
23 96 (14.59%) GitLab
24 92 (13.98%) Microservices
24 92 (13.98%) Go
25 84 (12.77%) JIRA

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (8.97%) Confluence
2 29 (4.41%) Elasticsearch
3 12 (1.82%) Apache
3 12 (1.82%) SAS
4 9 (1.37%) Mule
4 9 (1.37%) SharePoint
5 8 (1.22%) IIS
6 6 (0.91%) Apache Spark
6 6 (0.91%) JBoss
6 6 (0.91%) Tomcat
7 5 (0.76%) Anypoint
7 5 (0.76%) nginx
7 5 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 4 (0.61%) OpenStack
9 3 (0.46%) CMS
9 3 (0.46%) Headless CMS
9 3 (0.46%) Sitecore CMS
9 3 (0.46%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.30%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.30%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.46%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.15%) Maximo
2 1 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 395 (60.03%) AWS
2 228 (34.65%) Azure
3 125 (19.00%) AWS CloudFormation
4 111 (16.87%) Serverless
5 104 (15.81%) GitHub
6 80 (12.16%) Amazon EC2
7 74 (11.25%) PaaS
8 73 (11.09%) GCP
9 70 (10.64%) Amazon S3
10 67 (10.18%) OpenShift
11 60 (9.12%) AWS Lambda
12 50 (7.60%) IaaS
13 44 (6.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 43 (6.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 41 (6.23%) Amazon EKS
16 34 (5.17%) Cloud Computing
17 33 (5.02%) Power Platform
18 30 (4.56%) Amazon ECS
19 23 (3.50%) Amazon EMR
20 22 (3.34%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 55 (8.36%) Firewall
2 38 (5.78%) DNS
3 18 (2.74%) HTTP
4 16 (2.43%) TCP/IP
5 15 (2.28%) Reverse Proxy
6 12 (1.82%) VLAN
7 11 (1.67%) Kerberos
7 11 (1.67%) VPN
8 10 (1.52%) Internet
8 10 (1.52%) SSL
9 7 (1.06%) SAN
9 7 (1.06%) SNMP
10 6 (0.91%) Skype
10 6 (0.91%) WAN
11 5 (0.76%) DHCP
11 5 (0.76%) Network Security
12 4 (0.61%) OpenVPN
13 3 (0.46%) BGP
13 3 (0.46%) Intrusion Detection
13 3 (0.46%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (6.38%) NoSQL
2 40 (6.08%) Big Data
3 33 (5.02%) PostgreSQL
4 32 (4.86%) Power BI
5 31 (4.71%) SQL Server
6 28 (4.26%) Hadoop
7 27 (4.10%) MySQL
8 25 (3.80%) Data Lake
9 21 (3.19%) Amazon RDS
9 21 (3.19%) Data Warehouse
9 21 (3.19%) Relational Database
9 21 (3.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 17 (2.58%) HDInsight
10 17 (2.58%) Oracle Database
11 16 (2.43%) Redis
12 14 (2.13%) RDBMS
13 12 (1.82%) Amazon Redshift
13 12 (1.82%) Apache Cassandra
14 11 (1.67%) MongoDB
15 8 (1.22%) HBase
Development Applications
1 249 (37.84%) Jenkins
2 176 (26.75%) Git (software)
3 96 (14.59%) GitLab
4 84 (12.77%) JIRA
5 58 (8.81%) Bitbucket
6 40 (6.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 33 (5.02%) CircleCI
8 32 (4.86%) Maven
9 28 (4.26%) Artifactory
10 27 (4.10%) Sonatype Nexus
10 27 (4.10%) Visual Studio
11 20 (3.04%) JUnit
11 20 (3.04%) Subversion
12 19 (2.89%) SonarQube
12 19 (2.89%) TeamCity
13 17 (2.58%) Cucumber
14 14 (2.13%) Snyk
15 13 (1.98%) Travis CI
15 13 (1.98%) Visual Studio Team System
16 12 (1.82%) Selenium
General
1 108 (16.41%) Finance
2 81 (12.31%) Public Sector
3 20 (3.04%) Banking
4 12 (1.82%) Retail
5 11 (1.67%) Telecoms
6 10 (1.52%) Marketing
7 7 (1.06%) Electronics
7 7 (1.06%) Manufacturing
8 5 (0.76%) Financial Institution
8 5 (0.76%) Front Office
8 5 (0.76%) Legal
8 5 (0.76%) Local Government
9 4 (0.61%) Law
9 4 (0.61%) Publishing
10 3 (0.46%) Games
11 1 (0.15%) Advertising
11 1 (0.15%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 294 (44.68%) DevOps Engineer
2 115 (17.48%) AWS Engineer
3 84 (12.77%) Cloud Engineer
4 78 (11.85%) AWS DevOps
5 72 (10.94%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 66 (10.03%) Architect
7 53 (8.05%) Platform Engineer
8 52 (7.90%) Developer
8 52 (7.90%) Senior DevOps
9 46 (6.99%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 42 (6.38%) Azure Engineer
11 33 (5.02%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 30 (4.56%) Python Engineer
13 29 (4.41%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 28 (4.26%) Site Reliability Engineer
15 27 (4.10%) Azure DevOps
15 27 (4.10%) Site Engineer
16 25 (3.80%) AWS Architect
16 25 (3.80%) Software Engineer
17 19 (2.89%) Lead DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 63 (9.57%) Node.js
2 57 (8.66%) Kafka
3 56 (8.51%) .NET
4 54 (8.21%) Web Services
5 33 (5.02%) Elastic Stack
6 25 (3.80%) REST
7 23 (3.50%) AngularJS
8 21 (3.19%) CSS
8 21 (3.19%) HTML
9 18 (2.74%) Middleware
10 16 (2.43%) JSON
10 16 (2.43%) RESTful
11 15 (2.28%) LDAP
11 15 (2.28%) YAML
12 14 (2.13%) .NET Core
13 13 (1.98%) Spring
14 11 (1.67%) ASP.NET Web API
14 11 (1.67%) CSS3
15 10 (1.52%) React
16 9 (1.37%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 40 (6.08%) Cloud Native
2 37 (5.62%) Public Cloud
3 35 (5.32%) Greenfield Project
4 29 (4.41%) Analytical Skills
5 21 (3.19%) Data Centre
5 21 (3.19%) Linux Command Line
6 20 (3.04%) Hybrid Cloud
7 18 (2.74%) Private Cloud
8 16 (2.43%) Self-Motivation
9 14 (2.13%) Management Information System
10 8 (1.22%) Enterprise Cloud
11 6 (0.91%) Enterprise Storage
12 5 (0.76%) Algorithms
12 5 (0.76%) Blog
12 5 (0.76%) Data Structures
12 5 (0.76%) Enterprise Software
12 5 (0.76%) User Experience
13 4 (0.61%) Mobile App
13 4 (0.61%) Replication
14 3 (0.46%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 194 (29.48%) Linux
2 111 (16.87%) Windows
3 49 (7.45%) Unix
4 38 (5.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 36 (5.47%) Windows Server
6 31 (4.71%) CentOS
7 15 (2.28%) Windows Server 2016
8 14 (2.13%) Windows 10
9 8 (1.22%) CoreOS
9 8 (1.22%) VMS
10 6 (0.91%) Solaris
11 4 (0.61%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.61%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.46%) Debian
12 3 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.30%) Android
14 1 (0.15%) Amazon Linux
14 1 (0.15%) DC/OS
14 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 520 (79.03%) DevOps
2 291 (44.22%) Agile Software Development
3 193 (29.33%) Continuous Integration
4 125 (19.00%) Continuous Delivery
5 108 (16.41%) Configuration Management
6 92 (13.98%) Microservices
7 83 (12.61%) Software Engineering
8 76 (11.55%) Scrum
9 69 (10.49%) Test Automation
10 67 (10.18%) Migration
11 64 (9.73%) Analytics
12 60 (9.12%) Site Reliability Engineering
13 56 (8.51%) TDD
14 52 (7.90%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 48 (7.29%) Business Intelligence
15 48 (7.29%) Deployment Automation
16 44 (6.69%) Continuous Deployment
17 43 (6.53%) Open Source
18 42 (6.38%) Infrastructure Automation
19 38 (5.78%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 265 (40.27%) Python
2 158 (24.01%) Java
3 122 (18.54%) PowerShell
4 111 (16.87%) Bash Shell
5 92 (13.98%) Go
6 83 (12.61%) SQL
7 82 (12.46%) Ruby
8 69 (10.49%) JavaScript
9 56 (8.51%) C#
10 27 (4.10%) Perl
11 25 (3.80%) Groovy
12 22 (3.34%) Scala
13 21 (3.19%) Shell Script
14 14 (2.13%) TypeScript
15 13 (1.98%) PL/SQL
15 13 (1.98%) R
16 9 (1.37%) C++
17 8 (1.22%) PHP
18 7 (1.06%) Rust
19 6 (0.91%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 115 (17.48%) Security Cleared
2 77 (11.70%) SC Cleared
3 42 (6.38%) AWS Certification
4 28 (4.26%) DV Cleared
5 15 (2.28%) Degree
6 14 (2.13%) BPSS Clearance
7 9 (1.37%) CISSP
8 7 (1.06%) Cisco Certification
8 7 (1.06%) CISM
9 5 (0.76%) CCNA
9 5 (0.76%) CESG Certified Professional
9 5 (0.76%) CRISC
10 3 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
10 3 (0.46%) MCSA
10 3 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.46%) TOGAF Certification
11 2 (0.30%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 2 (0.30%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.15%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (3.34%) QA
2 6 (0.91%) GDPR
3 2 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.30%) NIST
3 2 (0.30%) PCI DSS
3 2 (0.30%) SLA
System Software
1 258 (39.21%) Docker
2 38 (5.78%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (4.41%) Virtual Machines
4 25 (3.80%) Active Directory
5 21 (3.19%) vSphere
6 6 (0.91%) VMware NSX
7 5 (0.76%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.61%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.30%) HDFS
9 2 (0.30%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.30%) zsh
10 1 (0.15%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 1 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.15%) Gluster
10 1 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.15%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.15%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 454 (69.00%) Terraform
2 299 (45.44%) Ansible
3 278 (42.25%) Kubernetes
4 135 (20.52%) Puppet
5 120 (18.24%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (6.38%) Packer
7 41 (6.23%) Prometheus
8 21 (3.19%) Grafana
9 18 (2.74%) Docker Swarm
10 17 (2.58%) Istio
11 16 (2.43%) Kibana
12 15 (2.28%) Salt
13 13 (1.98%) logstash
13 13 (1.98%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 12 (1.82%) Nagios
15 10 (1.52%) ZABBIX
16 9 (1.37%) vRealize
17 8 (1.22%) Rancher
18 4 (0.61%) Graphite
19 3 (0.46%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 71 (10.79%) Microsoft
2 44 (6.69%) VMware
3 43 (6.53%) Oracle
4 29 (4.41%) Google
5 28 (4.26%) Red Hat
6 22 (3.34%) Atlassian
7 18 (2.74%) Splunk
8 15 (2.28%) Cloudera
8 15 (2.28%) EMC
9 13 (1.98%) Informatica
9 13 (1.98%) SAP
10 11 (1.67%) MuleSoft
10 11 (1.67%) Sybase
11 10 (1.52%) AppDynamics
11 10 (1.52%) SaltStack
12 8 (1.22%) Cisco
12 8 (1.22%) Lets Encrypt
13 7 (1.06%) Dell
13 7 (1.06%) TOWER Software
13 7 (1.06%) Veracode