Period
to 20 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 20 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 238 312 529
Rank change year-on-year +74 +217 +182
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 1,055 858 349
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.13% 0.82% 0.37%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.30% 0.95% 0.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 680 602 211
UK median daily rate £550 £530 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.77% -3.64% -
10th Percentile £413 £407 £425
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £522
% change year-on-year +5.00% -4.12% -7.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
UK median hourly rate £51.25 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 81,000 90,250 81,657
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.90% 86.62% 85.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 53,315 59,556 53,431
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +1.12% +4.71%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,309 2,482 2,145
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £21.95 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.90% -12.20% +4.17%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.17 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.45
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £21.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +14.29% -16.00% -

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code.

Contractor daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the UK

Infrastructure as Code
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +52 935 £550 +3.77% 340
UK excluding London +87 516 £525 +5.00% 150
London +39 516 £575 +4.55% 207
South East +82 157 £538 +8.04% 36
North of England +52 127 £538 +13.16% 47
Scotland +76 79 £525 +6.33% 6
South West +16 71 £525 +5.00% 24
North West +35 70 £538 +18.78% 28
Midlands -9 40 £523 -1.42% 18
Yorkshire +33 39 £550 +13.99% 14
Wales +16 32 £500 -13.04% 10
West Midlands -17 20 £575 +8.49% 9
East Midlands +19 18 £490 +3.16% 9
North East +13 16 £470 -1.05% 5
East of England +9 14 £525 +5.00% 8

For the 6 months to 20 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 847 (80.28%) DevOps
2 654 (61.99%) Amazon AWS
3 630 (59.72%) Terraform
4 528 (50.05%) Ansible
5 462 (43.79%) Agile Software Development
6 429 (40.66%) Python
7 421 (39.91%) Linux
8 398 (37.73%) Microsoft Azure
9 392 (37.16%) Jenkins
10 353 (33.46%) Docker
11 348 (32.99%) Kubernetes
12 290 (27.49%) Puppet
13 262 (24.83%) Git (software)
14 243 (23.03%) Continuous Integration
14 243 (23.03%) Configuration Management
15 231 (21.90%) Opscode Chef
16 205 (19.43%) PowerShell
17 202 (19.15%) Finance
18 199 (18.86%) Bash Shell
19 191 (18.10%) AWS CloudFormation
20 177 (16.78%) Google Cloud Platform
21 169 (16.02%) Java
22 161 (15.26%) Scrum
23 158 (14.98%) Windows
24 155 (14.69%) Continuous Delivery
25 151 (14.31%) SQL
26 145 (13.74%) Microsoft
26 145 (13.74%) Big Data
27 138 (13.08%) Microservices
28 127 (12.04%) Test Automation

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (5.02%) Elasticsearch
2 38 (3.60%) Confluence
3 37 (3.51%) Apache
4 36 (3.41%) Apache Spark
5 27 (2.56%) IIS
6 20 (1.90%) Tomcat
7 16 (1.52%) Cloud Foundry
8 13 (1.23%) nginx
9 10 (0.95%) Mule
9 10 (0.95%) SAS
10 9 (0.85%) Apache Pig
11 8 (0.76%) MS Exchange
12 7 (0.66%) Anypoint
12 7 (0.66%) SharePoint
13 6 (0.57%) JBoss
14 4 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
14 4 (0.38%) CMS
14 4 (0.38%) ColdFusion
14 4 (0.38%) Jetty
15 3 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 1 (0.095%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
1 3 (0.28%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 2 (0.19%) Fredhopper
2 2 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.095%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 654 (61.99%) Amazon AWS
2 398 (37.73%) Microsoft Azure
3 191 (18.10%) AWS CloudFormation
4 177 (16.78%) Google Cloud Platform
5 111 (10.52%) Serverless
6 92 (8.72%) PaaS
7 80 (7.58%) AWS Lambda
8 78 (7.39%) IaaS
9 77 (7.30%) Amazon S3
10 74 (7.01%) Amazon EC2
11 69 (6.54%) GitHub
12 66 (6.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 47 (4.45%) Cloud Computing
14 43 (4.08%) OpenShift
15 39 (3.70%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 36 (3.41%) Amazon ECS
16 36 (3.41%) Datadog
17 35 (3.32%) Power Platform
17 35 (3.32%) SaaS
18 27 (2.56%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 102 (9.67%) Firewall
2 50 (4.74%) DNS
3 43 (4.08%) VPN
4 25 (2.37%) HTTP
5 21 (1.99%) WAN
6 20 (1.90%) TCP/IP
7 19 (1.80%) DHCP
8 18 (1.71%) SAN
9 14 (1.33%) NAS
9 14 (1.33%) Network Security
10 11 (1.04%) NetScaler
11 10 (0.95%) SSL
12 9 (0.85%) Internet
12 9 (0.85%) VLAN
13 8 (0.76%) Intrusion Detection
14 7 (0.66%) BGP
15 6 (0.57%) OSPF
16 5 (0.47%) DSL
16 5 (0.47%) Unified Communications
17 4 (0.38%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 145 (13.74%) Big Data
2 78 (7.39%) Amazon RDS
3 68 (6.45%) SQL Server
4 64 (6.07%) MySQL
5 58 (5.50%) Hadoop
6 48 (4.55%) NoSQL
7 40 (3.79%) MongoDB
8 39 (3.70%) Data Lake
9 36 (3.41%) PostgreSQL
9 36 (3.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 35 (3.32%) Power BI
11 33 (3.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 32 (3.03%) Apache Cassandra
13 30 (2.84%) Redis
14 29 (2.75%) HDInsight
15 20 (1.90%) MariaDB
15 20 (1.90%) Relational Database
16 19 (1.80%) Amazon Aurora
17 17 (1.61%) DB2
18 14 (1.33%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 392 (37.16%) Jenkins
2 262 (24.83%) Git (software)
3 82 (7.77%) Visual Studio Team System
4 79 (7.49%) JIRA
5 49 (4.64%) GitLab
6 40 (3.79%) TeamCity
6 40 (3.79%) Visual Studio
7 39 (3.70%) Bitbucket
8 38 (3.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 38 (3.60%) Vagrant
9 34 (3.22%) Team Foundation Server
10 32 (3.03%) Artifactory
11 31 (2.94%) CircleCI
11 31 (2.94%) Sonatype Nexus
12 29 (2.75%) Travis CI
13 27 (2.56%) Maven
13 27 (2.56%) SonarQube
14 21 (1.99%) Subversion
15 18 (1.71%) Octopus Deploy
16 17 (1.61%) Selenium
General
1 202 (19.15%) Finance
2 54 (5.12%) Banking
3 25 (2.37%) Retail
4 23 (2.18%) Law
5 17 (1.61%) Financial Institution
6 15 (1.42%) Publishing
7 14 (1.33%) Advertising
8 10 (0.95%) Manufacturing
8 10 (0.95%) Telecoms
9 9 (0.85%) Legal
9 9 (0.85%) Marketing
10 7 (0.66%) Games
11 5 (0.47%) German Language
12 4 (0.38%) Electronics
12 4 (0.38%) Investment Banking
13 3 (0.28%) Billing
13 3 (0.28%) Retail Banking
14 2 (0.19%) Back Office
14 2 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.095%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 546 (51.75%) DevOps Engineer
2 191 (18.10%) Cloud Engineer
3 159 (15.07%) AWS Engineer
4 115 (10.90%) AWS DevOps
5 102 (9.67%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 85 (8.06%) Azure Engineer
7 72 (6.82%) Architect
8 69 (6.54%) Developer
9 67 (6.35%) Azure DevOps
9 67 (6.35%) Senior DevOps
10 66 (6.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 64 (6.07%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 60 (5.69%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 55 (5.21%) Platform Engineer
14 53 (5.02%) Lead DevOps
15 41 (3.89%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 41 (3.89%) Linux Engineer
16 36 (3.41%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
16 36 (3.41%) Consultant
17 32 (3.03%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 76 (7.20%) Kafka
2 70 (6.64%) Web Services
3 66 (6.26%) RESTful
4 50 (4.74%) .NET
5 49 (4.64%) Node.js
6 42 (3.98%) JSON
7 40 (3.79%) Elastic Stack
7 40 (3.79%) Swagger
8 35 (3.32%) REST
9 29 (2.75%) Spring
10 27 (2.56%) Middleware
11 24 (2.27%) HTML
12 22 (2.09%) Spring Boot
13 17 (1.61%) CSS
13 17 (1.61%) LDAP
14 16 (1.52%) Flask
14 16 (1.52%) RabbitMQ
15 14 (1.33%) AngularJS
15 14 (1.33%) LAMP
15 14 (1.33%) React
Miscellaneous
1 108 (10.24%) Public Cloud
2 55 (5.21%) Data Centre
3 47 (4.45%) Cloud Native
4 29 (2.75%) Hybrid Cloud
5 27 (2.56%) Greenfield Project
5 27 (2.56%) Mobile App
6 25 (2.37%) Analytical Skills
6 25 (2.37%) Clustering
6 25 (2.37%) Linux Command Line
7 20 (1.90%) Data Protection Act
8 16 (1.52%) Replication
9 13 (1.23%) Blog
10 12 (1.14%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 12 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
10 12 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
11 11 (1.04%) Wiki
12 8 (0.76%) Data Structures
13 7 (0.66%) Enterprise Cloud
14 6 (0.57%) PKI
14 6 (0.57%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 421 (39.91%) Linux
2 158 (14.98%) Windows
3 104 (9.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 62 (5.88%) Unix
5 55 (5.21%) CentOS
6 41 (3.89%) Windows Server
7 35 (3.32%) Ubuntu
8 22 (2.09%) Windows Server 2012
9 15 (1.42%) Apple iOS
9 15 (1.42%) Windows Server 2008
10 13 (1.23%) Android
11 8 (0.76%) Solaris
12 7 (0.66%) Mesosphere
13 6 (0.57%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 6 (0.57%) zOS
14 5 (0.47%) Debian
14 5 (0.47%) Fedora
15 3 (0.28%) Amazon Linux
15 3 (0.28%) VMS
16 2 (0.19%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 847 (80.28%) DevOps
2 462 (43.79%) Agile Software Development
3 243 (23.03%) Configuration Management
3 243 (23.03%) Continuous Integration
4 161 (15.26%) Scrum
5 155 (14.69%) Continuous Delivery
6 138 (13.08%) Microservices
7 127 (12.04%) Test Automation
8 101 (9.57%) Kanban
9 97 (9.19%) Analytics
9 97 (9.19%) Deployment Automation
10 95 (9.00%) Migration
11 93 (8.82%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 82 (7.77%) Open Source
13 77 (7.30%) Infrastructure Automation
14 74 (7.01%) Software Engineering
15 65 (6.16%) Problem-Solving
16 60 (5.69%) TDD
17 57 (5.40%) Data Science
18 51 (4.83%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 429 (40.66%) Python
2 205 (19.43%) PowerShell
3 199 (18.86%) Bash Shell
4 169 (16.02%) Java
5 151 (14.31%) SQL
6 115 (10.90%) Ruby
7 82 (7.77%) JavaScript
8 72 (6.82%) Go
9 64 (6.07%) Perl
10 52 (4.93%) C#
11 34 (3.22%) Scala
12 29 (2.75%) Groovy
13 28 (2.65%) Shell Script
14 18 (1.71%) PHP
15 10 (0.95%) C
16 8 (0.76%) C++
17 7 (0.66%) Java 8
17 7 (0.66%) Kotlin
18 5 (0.47%) Java 9
19 3 (0.28%) R
Qualifications
1 123 (11.66%) Security Cleared
2 98 (9.29%) SC Cleared
3 35 (3.32%) AWS Certification
4 11 (1.04%) Microsoft Certification
5 10 (0.95%) Degree
6 9 (0.85%) DV Cleared
6 9 (0.85%) RHCE
7 7 (0.66%) CCNP
7 7 (0.66%) Cisco Certification
8 6 (0.57%) CCNA
8 6 (0.57%) MCSA
9 5 (0.47%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.28%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 3 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
10 3 (0.28%) MCSE
10 3 (0.28%) TOGAF Certification
11 2 (0.19%) CCIE
11 2 (0.19%) CCSP
11 2 (0.19%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (3.70%) QA
2 16 (1.52%) NIST
3 15 (1.42%) NCSC
4 5 (0.47%) GDPR
4 5 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 17025
5 4 (0.38%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.38%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.38%) WCAG
6 3 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.28%) SLA
7 1 (0.095%) COBIT
7 1 (0.095%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 353 (33.46%) Docker
2 57 (5.40%) Active Directory
3 47 (4.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (2.56%) Hyper-V
5 23 (2.18%) HDFS
6 19 (1.80%) Virtual Machines
7 13 (1.23%) vCloud
8 11 (1.04%) vSphere
9 9 (0.85%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 8 (0.76%) LXC
11 7 (0.66%) XenApp
12 6 (0.57%) VMware NSX
13 5 (0.47%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 5 (0.47%) Veritas Volume Manager
14 4 (0.38%) Gluster
15 3 (0.28%) Apache Flume
15 3 (0.28%) Cygwin
15 3 (0.28%) Squid
15 3 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
15 3 (0.28%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 630 (59.72%) Terraform
2 528 (50.05%) Ansible
3 348 (32.99%) Kubernetes
4 290 (27.49%) Puppet
5 231 (21.90%) Opscode Chef
6 61 (5.78%) Packer
7 48 (4.55%) Prometheus
8 44 (4.17%) Consul
9 37 (3.51%) Grafana
10 30 (2.84%) Kibana
11 29 (2.75%) logstash
12 28 (2.65%) Salt
13 24 (2.27%) Nagios
14 21 (1.99%) Graphite
15 19 (1.80%) ZABBIX
16 13 (1.23%) Docker Swarm
17 10 (0.95%) Istio
18 9 (0.85%) Microsoft Clustering
18 9 (0.85%) StatsD
19 8 (0.76%) Oozie
Vendors
1 145 (13.74%) Microsoft
2 109 (10.33%) Google
3 69 (6.54%) Red Hat
4 63 (5.97%) VMware
5 46 (4.36%) Oracle
6 39 (3.70%) Splunk
7 30 (2.84%) New Relic
8 27 (2.56%) EMC
9 25 (2.37%) Hortonworks
10 24 (2.27%) Atlassian
11 22 (2.09%) Cisco
11 22 (2.09%) HP
12 20 (1.90%) Citrix
13 18 (1.71%) CheckPoint
13 18 (1.71%) IBM
14 17 (1.61%) SaltStack
15 14 (1.33%) NetApp
16 13 (1.23%) SAP
17 12 (1.14%) TOWER Software
18 11 (1.04%) ServiceNow