Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kafka skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kafka over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Kafka
UK
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 107 169 136
Rank change year-on-year +62 -33 +23
Contract jobs citing Kafka 1,626 614 1,801
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.30% 1.64% 1.96%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.62% 5.37% 6.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,061 427 1,363
10th Percentile £425 £400 £438
25th Percentile £500 £463 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% - -
75th Percentile £653 £636 £647
90th Percentile £738 £675 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £488 £500
% change year-on-year +2.56% -2.50% +1.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 2 0
Median hourly rate £54.53 £43.25 -
Median % change year-on-year +26.09% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £56.50 £43.25 -
% change year-on-year +30.64% - -

Kafka is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,348 11,432 29,325
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.17% 30.47% 31.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,263 8,090 20,685
10th Percentile £356 £335 £333
25th Percentile £414 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £490
Median % change year-on-year - +2.04% +3.16%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £694 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £440
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +4.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 195 101 273
10th Percentile £15.27 £20.50 £17.63
25th Percentile £27.00 £30.00 £26.25
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.57
Median % change year-on-year - +0.98% +7.39%
75th Percentile £57.13 £58.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £68.59 £66.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.44 £42.75 £44.00
% change year-on-year -0.74% -2.84% +10.00%

Kafka
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kafka as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kafka.

Daily rate trend for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kafka over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kafka.

Hourly rate trend for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kafka within the UK over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +51 1,302 £575 +4.55% 456
London +28 998 £600 +6.67% 307
Work from Home +10 522 £575 +1.23% 85
UK excluding London +12 299 £500 +2.56% 166
North of England -16 75 £525 +5.00% 62
South East -3 66 £479 +9.43% 23
Scotland -11 61 £475 -9.52% 18
South West 0 38 £475 -26.92% 28
North West -16 38 £513 +2.50% 37
East of England -1 23 £563 +21.62% 13
Yorkshire -32 21 £481 -3.27% 18
Midlands -27 17 £438 -11.39% 17
North East +12 16 £620 - 7
Wales -6 13 £500 - 4
West Midlands -26 11 £438 -11.39% 15
Northern Ireland -11 6 £430 +7.50% 1
East Midlands - 3 £410 - 2

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kafka also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kafka.

1 934 (57.44%) Java
2 675 (41.51%) Agile Software Development
3 605 (37.21%) Microservices
4 586 (36.04%) Kubernetes
5 548 (33.70%) DevOps
6 511 (31.43%) AWS
7 467 (28.72%) Azure
8 466 (28.66%) Docker
9 457 (28.11%) Python
10 445 (27.37%) SQL
11 412 (25.34%) Apache Spark
12 407 (25.03%) Finance
13 368 (22.63%) Spring
14 358 (22.02%) Big Data
15 345 (21.22%) Jenkins
16 319 (19.62%) Banking
16 319 (19.62%) Software Engineering
17 316 (19.43%) Git (software)
17 316 (19.43%) Spring Boot
18 301 (18.51%) Scala
19 294 (18.08%) TDD
20 283 (17.40%) Hadoop
21 272 (16.73%) NoSQL
22 260 (15.99%) MongoDB
23 255 (15.68%) Linux
24 249 (15.31%) Terraform
25 241 (14.82%) Social Skills
26 225 (13.84%) Analytics
27 208 (12.79%) Test Automation
28 202 (12.42%) Oracle

Kafka
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 412 (25.34%) Apache Spark
2 152 (9.35%) Apache
3 126 (7.75%) Apache Airflow
4 109 (6.70%) Elasticsearch
5 50 (3.08%) Confluence
6 31 (1.91%) nginx
7 28 (1.72%) Luigi
8 22 (1.35%) Tomcat
9 21 (1.29%) SharePoint
10 19 (1.17%) Oracle Coherence
11 18 (1.11%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 15 (0.92%) WebSphere
13 12 (0.74%) Apache Pulsar
14 11 (0.68%) Apache Pig
14 11 (0.68%) Mule
14 11 (0.68%) WebLogic
15 10 (0.62%) JBoss
15 10 (0.62%) SAS
16 8 (0.49%) Apache Solr
17 6 (0.37%) OpenStack
Applications
1 6 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.062%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.062%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 6 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
1 6 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.12%) ION MarketView
2 2 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.062%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.062%) FINCAD Analytics
3 1 (0.062%) Magento
3 1 (0.062%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.062%) Oracle Cash Management
3 1 (0.062%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.062%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.062%) Temenos T24
3 1 (0.062%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 511 (31.43%) AWS
2 467 (28.72%) Azure
3 188 (11.56%) Serverless
4 185 (11.38%) GCP
5 125 (7.69%) GitHub
6 82 (5.04%) AWS Lambda
7 73 (4.49%) Azure Cosmos DB
8 72 (4.43%) Amazon S3
9 67 (4.12%) PaaS
10 66 (4.06%) Azure Functions
11 50 (3.08%) Azure Data Factory
12 49 (3.01%) IaaS
13 48 (2.95%) OpenShift
14 47 (2.89%) Power Platform
15 46 (2.83%) Snowflake
16 35 (2.15%) Amazon EKS
17 32 (1.97%) Cloud Computing
18 31 (1.91%) SaaS
19 30 (1.85%) Azure Synapse Analytics
20 28 (1.72%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 69 (4.24%) HTTP
2 33 (2.03%) SSL
3 21 (1.29%) Kerberos
4 19 (1.17%) Firewall
5 17 (1.05%) AMQP
6 11 (0.68%) DNS
7 10 (0.62%) Internet
7 10 (0.62%) TCP/IP
7 10 (0.62%) VPN
8 8 (0.49%) SMS
8 8 (0.49%) SSH
9 7 (0.43%) HTTPS
9 7 (0.43%) IPv4
9 7 (0.43%) MQTT
9 7 (0.43%) Wireshark
10 6 (0.37%) Cisco ASA
10 6 (0.37%) FTP
11 5 (0.31%) DHCP
11 5 (0.31%) SIGTRAN
11 5 (0.31%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 358 (22.02%) Big Data
2 283 (17.40%) Hadoop
3 272 (16.73%) NoSQL
4 260 (15.99%) MongoDB
5 155 (9.53%) Apache Cassandra
6 141 (8.67%) Apache Hive
7 113 (6.95%) PostgreSQL
8 108 (6.64%) Data Warehouse
9 103 (6.33%) Relational Database
10 96 (5.90%) HBase
11 92 (5.66%) Data Lake
12 69 (4.24%) SQL Server
13 60 (3.69%) Flink
14 58 (3.57%) Redis
15 55 (3.38%) MySQL
16 45 (2.77%) Power BI
17 44 (2.71%) Amazon RDS
18 43 (2.64%) BigQuery
18 43 (2.64%) Metadata
19 39 (2.40%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 345 (21.22%) Jenkins
2 316 (19.43%) Git (software)
3 118 (7.26%) JIRA
3 118 (7.26%) Maven
4 99 (6.09%) GitLab
5 62 (3.81%) Artifactory
6 49 (3.01%) Cucumber
6 49 (3.01%) Sonatype Nexus
7 45 (2.77%) JUnit
8 37 (2.28%) TeamCity
9 35 (2.15%) Gradle
10 30 (1.85%) webpack
11 29 (1.78%) Mockito
12 25 (1.54%) SonarQube
13 24 (1.48%) Bitbucket
14 21 (1.29%) Cypress.io
15 20 (1.23%) JMeter
15 20 (1.23%) Selenium
16 18 (1.11%) Mocha
17 17 (1.05%) gulp
General
1 407 (25.03%) Finance
2 319 (19.62%) Banking
3 241 (14.82%) Social Skills
4 124 (7.63%) Analytical Skills
5 106 (6.52%) Investment Banking
6 81 (4.98%) Front Office
7 51 (3.14%) Public Sector
8 33 (2.03%) Marketing
9 32 (1.97%) Retail
9 32 (1.97%) Telecoms
10 28 (1.72%) Presentation Skills
11 24 (1.48%) Electronics
12 23 (1.41%) Manufacturing
13 21 (1.29%) Retail Banking
14 13 (0.80%) Documentation Skills
15 11 (0.68%) Back Office
16 9 (0.55%) Financial Institution
17 8 (0.49%) Organisational Skills
18 7 (0.43%) French Language
18 7 (0.43%) Games
Job Titles
1 665 (40.90%) Developer
2 382 (23.49%) Java Developer
3 280 (17.22%) Data Engineer
4 159 (9.78%) DevOps Engineer
5 140 (8.61%) Senior Developer
6 126 (7.75%) Architect
7 93 (5.72%) Software Engineer
8 89 (5.47%) Java Engineer
9 86 (5.29%) Senior Java Developer
10 85 (5.23%) Azure Engineer
11 67 (4.12%) AWS Engineer
12 66 (4.06%) Scala Developer
13 53 (3.26%) Full Stack Developer
14 46 (2.83%) AWS DevOps
14 46 (2.83%) Big Data Engineer
14 46 (2.83%) Data Architect
14 46 (2.83%) Solutions Architect
15 41 (2.52%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 40 (2.46%) Senior Software Engineer
17 39 (2.40%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 368 (22.63%) Spring
2 316 (19.43%) Spring Boot
3 173 (10.64%) REST
4 162 (9.96%) React
5 131 (8.06%) AngularJS
6 109 (6.70%) Node.js
7 106 (6.52%) RESTful
8 105 (6.46%) .NET
9 90 (5.54%) Web Services
10 88 (5.41%) Apache NiFi
11 87 (5.35%) Spark Streaming
12 86 (5.29%) JSON
13 85 (5.23%) HTML
14 78 (4.80%) Akka
15 77 (4.74%) RabbitMQ
16 72 (4.43%) GraphQL
17 51 (3.14%) JMS
18 49 (3.01%) XML
19 47 (2.89%) HTML5
20 45 (2.77%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 84 (5.17%) Data Structures
2 79 (4.86%) Greenfield Project
3 62 (3.81%) Algorithms
4 57 (3.51%) Cloud Native
5 54 (3.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 47 (2.89%) Public Cloud
7 41 (2.52%) Self-Motivation
8 27 (1.66%) User Experience
9 25 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
9 25 (1.54%) iPad
10 23 (1.41%) Fixed Income
11 19 (1.17%) Management Information System
12 18 (1.11%) Grid Computing
13 16 (0.98%) Market Risk
13 16 (0.98%) SWIFT
14 15 (0.92%) Data Centre
14 15 (0.92%) Equities
15 13 (0.80%) Hedge funds
15 13 (0.80%) Legacy Systems
16 12 (0.74%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 255 (15.68%) Linux
2 82 (5.04%) Unix
3 64 (3.94%) Windows
4 36 (2.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 24 (1.48%) VMS
6 22 (1.35%) CoreOS
7 17 (1.05%) CentOS
8 9 (0.55%) Android
8 9 (0.55%) Debian
9 7 (0.43%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.31%) AIX
10 5 (0.31%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.31%) zOS
11 1 (0.062%) Apple iOS
11 1 (0.062%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.062%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 675 (41.51%) Agile Software Development
2 605 (37.21%) Microservices
3 548 (33.70%) DevOps
4 319 (19.62%) Software Engineering
5 294 (18.08%) TDD
6 225 (13.84%) Analytics
7 208 (12.79%) Test Automation
8 166 (10.21%) Scrum
9 165 (10.15%) Data Pipeline
10 158 (9.72%) Data Engineering
11 136 (8.36%) BDD
12 129 (7.93%) Data Modelling
13 126 (7.75%) Continuous Integration
14 125 (7.69%) Infrastructure as Code
15 114 (7.01%) ETL
16 111 (6.83%) Event-Driven
17 110 (6.77%) Business Intelligence
18 105 (6.46%) Open Source
19 102 (6.27%) Computer Science
19 102 (6.27%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 934 (57.44%) Java
2 457 (28.11%) Python
3 445 (27.37%) SQL
4 301 (18.51%) Scala
5 166 (10.21%) JavaScript
6 118 (7.26%) Java 8
7 94 (5.78%) C#
8 75 (4.61%) Bash Shell
9 71 (4.37%) Java 11
10 65 (4.00%) TypeScript
11 54 (3.32%) Go
12 46 (2.83%) C++
13 44 (2.71%) PL/SQL
14 40 (2.46%) Perl
15 38 (2.34%) Kotlin
16 37 (2.28%) C
16 37 (2.28%) Shell Script
17 35 (2.15%) PowerShell
18 29 (1.78%) Groovy
19 18 (1.11%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 143 (8.79%) Security Cleared
2 127 (7.81%) SC Cleared
3 113 (6.95%) Degree
4 61 (3.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 38 (2.34%) DV Cleared
6 13 (0.80%) ISEB
7 9 (0.55%) Master's Degree
8 6 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
9 4 (0.25%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
10 3 (0.18%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.12%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.062%) CCA
12 1 (0.062%) CFA
12 1 (0.062%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (3.08%) QA
2 40 (2.46%) Data Quality
3 13 (0.80%) Accessibility
4 10 (0.62%) SLA
5 6 (0.37%) ISO 20022
6 5 (0.31%) GDPR
6 5 (0.31%) MiFID
7 3 (0.18%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.12%) WCAG
9 1 (0.062%) Basel II
9 1 (0.062%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.062%) Dodd-Frank
9 1 (0.062%) EMIR
9 1 (0.062%) PSD2
9 1 (0.062%) SEPA
9 1 (0.062%) TARGET2
System Software
1 466 (28.66%) Docker
2 49 (3.01%) HDFS
3 34 (2.09%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 24 (1.48%) Apache Flume
5 20 (1.23%) Active Directory
6 7 (0.43%) Platform Symphony
6 7 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
7 5 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.25%) iptables
8 4 (0.25%) Virtual Servers
8 4 (0.25%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.062%) LXC
Systems Management
1 586 (36.04%) Kubernetes
2 249 (15.31%) Terraform
3 152 (9.35%) Ansible
4 57 (3.51%) Grafana
4 57 (3.51%) Kibana
5 43 (2.64%) Prometheus
6 35 (2.15%) Oozie
7 32 (1.97%) Istio
8 29 (1.78%) logstash
9 24 (1.48%) Consul
10 23 (1.41%) Puppet
10 23 (1.41%) Rancher
11 22 (1.35%) Opscode Chef
12 21 (1.29%) Fluentd
12 21 (1.29%) Hadoop YARN
13 10 (0.62%) Bosun
13 10 (0.62%) VictorOps
14 9 (0.55%) Nagios
15 6 (0.37%) FortiGate
15 6 (0.37%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 202 (12.42%) Oracle
2 131 (8.06%) Databricks
3 94 (5.78%) Microsoft
4 83 (5.10%) Cloudera
4 83 (5.10%) Google
5 60 (3.69%) IBM
6 58 (3.57%) Confluent
7 56 (3.44%) Splunk
8 46 (2.83%) StreamSets
9 43 (2.64%) Informatica
10 34 (2.09%) AppDynamics
11 32 (1.97%) SAP
12 29 (1.78%) Red Hat
13 28 (1.72%) Atlassian
14 22 (1.35%) Dynatrace
15 16 (0.98%) VMware
16 15 (0.92%) Hortonworks
17 14 (0.86%) New Relic
17 14 (0.86%) Salesforce.com
18 12 (0.74%) Teradata