Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kafka skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kafka over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Kafka
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 107 126 148
Rank change year-on-year +19 +22 +13
Contract jobs citing Kafka 1,984 619 1,561
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.39% 2.00% 1.83%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.01% 6.42% 5.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,267 429 1,217
10th Percentile £450 £375 £450
25th Percentile £500 £420 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £575
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% -8.70% +4.55%
75th Percentile £675 £625 £650
90th Percentile £750 £678 £715
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £525
% change year-on-year +11.11% -14.29% +10.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 0
Median hourly rate £37.50 £35.00 -
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £35.00 -

Kafka is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,775 9,638 26,524
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.79% 31.21% 31.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,785 6,821 18,645
10th Percentile £363 £313 £338
25th Percentile £425 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £445
% change year-on-year +5.56% +1.12% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 234 73 248
10th Percentile £17.79 £21.90 £20.15
25th Percentile £28.43 £30.00 £32.78
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -6.67% +8.36%
75th Percentile £63.44 £54.00 £53.00
90th Percentile £73.19 £61.87 £73.23
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.00 £46.40 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.60% +3.11% +8.43%

Kafka
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kafka as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kafka.

Daily rate trend for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kafka over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kafka.

Hourly rate trend for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kafka over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kafka within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +29 1,585 £600 +9.09% 453
London +7 1,187 £600 +9.09% 317
Work from Home +2 592 £600 +29.03% 108
UK excluding London +14 380 £500 +11.11% 147
North of England -11 101 £513 +2.50% 61
South East -24 84 £500 +5.26% 31
Scotland -32 65 £550 +35.80% 10
South West -12 49 £499 -23.21% 16
North West -21 49 £433 -13.50% 25
Midlands -48 34 £500 +14.29% 18
Yorkshire -25 33 £525 +5.00% 25
West Midlands -42 27 £438 - 13
North East +4 19 £620 +24.00% 11
Wales -8 19 £600 +41.18%
East of England -33 18 £575 +21.05% 8
Northern Ireland -19 12 £453 +13.25% 3
East Midlands - 6 £575 - 4

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kafka also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kafka.

1 1,105 (55.70%) Java
2 772 (38.91%) Kubernetes
3 737 (37.15%) Agile Software Development
4 704 (35.48%) Microservices
4 704 (35.48%) AWS
5 645 (32.51%) DevOps
6 580 (29.23%) Python
7 571 (28.78%) Docker
8 565 (28.48%) SQL
9 506 (25.50%) Apache Spark
10 489 (24.65%) Azure
11 462 (23.29%) Jenkins
12 425 (21.42%) Finance
13 394 (19.86%) Spring
14 391 (19.71%) Big Data
15 355 (17.89%) NoSQL
16 353 (17.79%) Hadoop
17 352 (17.74%) Software Engineering
18 341 (17.19%) Git (software)
19 339 (17.09%) Scala
19 339 (17.09%) TDD
20 338 (17.04%) MongoDB
21 326 (16.43%) Spring Boot
22 324 (16.33%) Terraform
23 318 (16.03%) Social Skills
24 299 (15.07%) Banking
25 297 (14.97%) GCP
26 287 (14.47%) Linux
27 252 (12.70%) Analytics
28 251 (12.65%) Test Automation

Kafka
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 506 (25.50%) Apache Spark
2 170 (8.57%) Apache
3 142 (7.16%) Apache Airflow
4 133 (6.70%) Elasticsearch
5 61 (3.07%) Confluence
6 57 (2.87%) Tomcat
7 33 (1.66%) Luigi
8 25 (1.26%) nginx
9 20 (1.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 19 (0.96%) Apache Pig
11 17 (0.86%) WebLogic
12 16 (0.81%) OpenStack
13 15 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
13 15 (0.76%) SAS
14 14 (0.71%) Mule
15 13 (0.66%) WebSphere
16 11 (0.55%) Camunda
16 11 (0.55%) Oracle Coherence
16 11 (0.55%) SharePoint
17 10 (0.50%) Apache Pulsar
Applications
1 6 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.050%) CPLEX
2 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.050%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.050%) SPSS
2 1 (0.050%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 7 (0.35%) SAP S/4HANA
2 4 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 3 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.10%) FINCAD Analytics
5 1 (0.050%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.050%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 1 (0.050%) ION MarketView
5 1 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.050%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.050%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 704 (35.48%) AWS
2 489 (24.65%) Azure
3 297 (14.97%) GCP
4 181 (9.12%) GitHub
5 174 (8.77%) Serverless
6 112 (5.65%) Amazon S3
7 85 (4.28%) PaaS
8 77 (3.88%) Azure Functions
9 76 (3.83%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 69 (3.48%) AWS Lambda
11 61 (3.07%) OpenShift
12 60 (3.02%) IaaS
13 58 (2.92%) Azure Data Factory
13 58 (2.92%) Snowflake
14 47 (2.37%) Power Platform
15 42 (2.12%) Amazon EC2
16 40 (2.02%) SaaS
17 37 (1.86%) Amazon EMR
18 34 (1.71%) Amazon Kinesis
19 33 (1.66%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 85 (4.28%) HTTP
2 23 (1.16%) DNS
2 23 (1.16%) SSL
3 18 (0.91%) AMQP
4 17 (0.86%) Firewall
5 16 (0.81%) HTTPS
5 16 (0.81%) Kerberos
6 15 (0.76%) FTP
7 13 (0.66%) MQTT
7 13 (0.66%) Network Security
8 12 (0.60%) Internet
9 9 (0.45%) WAN
10 8 (0.40%) SAN
11 7 (0.35%) IPv4
11 7 (0.35%) PuTTY
11 7 (0.35%) SSH
11 7 (0.35%) TCP/IP
11 7 (0.35%) VPN
12 6 (0.30%) Cisco ASA
12 6 (0.30%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 391 (19.71%) Big Data
2 355 (17.89%) NoSQL
3 353 (17.79%) Hadoop
4 338 (17.04%) MongoDB
5 222 (11.19%) Apache Cassandra
6 173 (8.72%) PostgreSQL
7 163 (8.22%) Relational Database
8 152 (7.66%) Data Warehouse
9 136 (6.85%) Apache Hive
10 129 (6.50%) HBase
11 113 (5.70%) Data Lake
12 105 (5.29%) Redis
13 95 (4.79%) Flink
14 94 (4.74%) MySQL
15 71 (3.58%) BigQuery
15 71 (3.58%) SQL Server
16 70 (3.53%) RDBMS
17 66 (3.33%) Amazon RDS
17 66 (3.33%) Amazon Redshift
18 54 (2.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 462 (23.29%) Jenkins
2 341 (17.19%) Git (software)
3 171 (8.62%) JIRA
4 150 (7.56%) Maven
5 104 (5.24%) GitLab
6 92 (4.64%) Gradle
7 78 (3.93%) JUnit
8 63 (3.18%) Artifactory
9 61 (3.07%) TeamCity
10 59 (2.97%) Mockito
11 58 (2.92%) Cucumber
12 56 (2.82%) Sonatype Nexus
13 41 (2.07%) JMeter
14 40 (2.02%) Bitbucket
15 38 (1.92%) SonarQube
16 37 (1.86%) Selenium
17 28 (1.41%) Gatling
18 27 (1.36%) Cypress.io
19 25 (1.26%) webpack
20 21 (1.06%) Mocha
General
1 425 (21.42%) Finance
2 318 (16.03%) Social Skills
3 299 (15.07%) Banking
4 135 (6.80%) Analytical Skills
5 88 (4.44%) Investment Banking
6 54 (2.72%) Public Sector
7 50 (2.52%) Front Office
7 50 (2.52%) Presentation Skills
8 46 (2.32%) Retail
9 28 (1.41%) Games
9 28 (1.41%) Marketing
10 26 (1.31%) Telecoms
11 18 (0.91%) Publishing
12 16 (0.81%) Manufacturing
12 16 (0.81%) Retail Banking
13 15 (0.76%) Legal
14 14 (0.71%) Back Office
14 14 (0.71%) Electronics
15 13 (0.66%) Financial Institution
16 8 (0.40%) Law
Job Titles
1 721 (36.34%) Developer
2 389 (19.61%) Java Developer
3 353 (17.79%) Data Engineer
4 201 (10.13%) Architect
5 169 (8.52%) DevOps Engineer
6 143 (7.21%) Java Engineer
6 143 (7.21%) Senior Developer
7 105 (5.29%) Software Engineer
8 99 (4.99%) Senior Java Developer
9 84 (4.23%) Solutions Architect
10 83 (4.18%) Azure Engineer
11 82 (4.13%) Senior Java Engineer
12 74 (3.73%) AWS Engineer
13 61 (3.07%) Data Architect
14 56 (2.82%) Scala Developer
15 52 (2.62%) Full Stack Developer
16 50 (2.52%) Big Data Engineer
17 48 (2.42%) Senior Software Engineer
18 45 (2.27%) Python Engineer
19 43 (2.17%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 394 (19.86%) Spring
2 326 (16.43%) Spring Boot
3 208 (10.48%) REST
4 162 (8.17%) React
5 148 (7.46%) RESTful
6 141 (7.11%) Node.js
7 129 (6.50%) AngularJS
8 110 (5.54%) Spark Streaming
9 102 (5.14%) HTML
10 100 (5.04%) JSON
11 90 (4.54%) .NET
11 90 (4.54%) Web Services
12 85 (4.28%) Akka
13 83 (4.18%) Apache NiFi
14 82 (4.13%) RabbitMQ
15 71 (3.58%) GraphQL
16 63 (3.18%) Hibernate
17 61 (3.07%) CSS
18 59 (2.97%) Elastic Stack
19 58 (2.92%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 96 (4.84%) Greenfield Project
2 86 (4.33%) Cloud Native
3 80 (4.03%) Data Structures
4 69 (3.48%) Algorithms
5 51 (2.57%) Public Cloud
6 35 (1.76%) Enterprise Software
7 34 (1.71%) Data Centre
7 34 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
8 32 (1.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 29 (1.46%) Legacy Systems
10 25 (1.26%) iPad
11 23 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
12 22 (1.11%) Management Information System
12 22 (1.11%) User Experience
13 21 (1.06%) Legacy Applications
14 20 (1.01%) Data Protection Act
15 17 (0.86%) Equities
16 15 (0.76%) Fixed Income
16 15 (0.76%) Reference Data
17 13 (0.66%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 287 (14.47%) Linux
2 104 (5.24%) Unix
3 70 (3.53%) Windows
4 33 (1.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 28 (1.41%) VMS
6 18 (0.91%) CoreOS
7 17 (0.86%) Debian
8 13 (0.66%) CentOS
9 10 (0.50%) Mac OS X
10 7 (0.35%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.30%) Android
11 6 (0.30%) Windows Server
12 5 (0.25%) AIX
12 5 (0.25%) zOS
13 1 (0.050%) Apple iOS
13 1 (0.050%) DC/OS
13 1 (0.050%) Mesosphere
13 1 (0.050%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 737 (37.15%) Agile Software Development
2 704 (35.48%) Microservices
3 645 (32.51%) DevOps
4 352 (17.74%) Software Engineering
5 339 (17.09%) TDD
6 252 (12.70%) Analytics
7 251 (12.65%) Test Automation
8 222 (11.19%) Scrum
9 220 (11.09%) Data Pipeline
10 192 (9.68%) Data Engineering
11 180 (9.07%) Data Modelling
12 174 (8.77%) Continuous Integration
13 173 (8.72%) BDD
14 162 (8.17%) Open Source
15 152 (7.66%) Full Stack Development
16 148 (7.46%) ETL
17 132 (6.65%) SDLC
18 129 (6.50%) Event-Driven
19 126 (6.35%) Infrastructure as Code
19 126 (6.35%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,105 (55.70%) Java
2 580 (29.23%) Python
3 565 (28.48%) SQL
4 339 (17.09%) Scala
5 215 (10.84%) JavaScript
6 139 (7.01%) Java 8
7 107 (5.39%) Java 11
8 97 (4.89%) C#
9 95 (4.79%) Bash Shell
9 95 (4.79%) Go
10 72 (3.63%) TypeScript
11 67 (3.38%) C++
12 46 (2.32%) Kotlin
13 45 (2.27%) PowerShell
14 44 (2.22%) Perl
14 44 (2.22%) Shell Script
15 43 (2.17%) PL/SQL
16 31 (1.56%) Groovy
17 30 (1.51%) PHP
18 27 (1.36%) C
Qualifications
1 132 (6.65%) Security Cleared
2 123 (6.20%) Degree
3 120 (6.05%) SC Cleared
4 65 (3.28%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (1.71%) DV Cleared
6 15 (0.76%) AWS Certification
7 12 (0.60%) Master's Degree
8 10 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
9 8 (0.40%) ISEB
10 5 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
11 4 (0.20%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.15%) DBS Check
12 3 (0.15%) PhD
13 2 (0.10%) OCP
13 2 (0.10%) Oracle Certification
14 1 (0.050%) CCA
14 1 (0.050%) MCSE
14 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Certification
14 1 (0.050%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (3.28%) QA
2 62 (3.13%) Data Quality
3 11 (0.55%) ISO 20022
4 8 (0.40%) GDPR
5 7 (0.35%) SLA
6 3 (0.15%) IFRS
6 3 (0.15%) ISO 15022
6 3 (0.15%) MiFID
7 2 (0.10%) Accessibility
7 2 (0.10%) TARGET2
8 1 (0.050%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.050%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.050%) EMIR
8 1 (0.050%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.050%) NCSC
8 1 (0.050%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.050%) PSD2
8 1 (0.050%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.050%) SEPA
System Software
1 571 (28.78%) Docker
2 61 (3.07%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 61 (3.07%) HDFS
3 28 (1.41%) Active Directory
4 18 (0.91%) Apache Flume
5 7 (0.35%) OpenAM
5 7 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.25%) vCloud
7 4 (0.20%) iptables
7 4 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
7 4 (0.20%) VMware NSX
8 3 (0.15%) Platform Symphony
9 2 (0.10%) Ceph
9 2 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.050%) LXC
10 1 (0.050%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.050%) SRDF
10 1 (0.050%) zsh
Systems Management
1 772 (38.91%) Kubernetes
2 324 (16.33%) Terraform
3 218 (10.99%) Ansible
4 123 (6.20%) Grafana
5 70 (3.53%) Kibana
6 68 (3.43%) Prometheus
7 39 (1.97%) Bosun
7 39 (1.97%) Puppet
8 30 (1.51%) Istio
8 30 (1.51%) logstash
8 30 (1.51%) VictorOps
9 27 (1.36%) Rancher
10 24 (1.21%) Consul
11 23 (1.16%) Oozie
12 21 (1.06%) Hadoop YARN
13 20 (1.01%) Opscode Chef
14 17 (0.86%) Fluentd
15 13 (0.66%) Kubeflow
15 13 (0.66%) Nagios
15 13 (0.66%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 219 (11.04%) Oracle
2 144 (7.26%) Databricks
3 135 (6.80%) Google
4 98 (4.94%) Microsoft
5 80 (4.03%) Cloudera
6 68 (3.43%) Confluent
7 62 (3.13%) Informatica
8 53 (2.67%) Splunk
9 49 (2.47%) IBM
10 44 (2.22%) StreamSets
11 43 (2.17%) Red Hat
12 38 (1.92%) MuleSoft
13 27 (1.36%) SAP
14 25 (1.26%) AppDynamics
15 23 (1.16%) VMware
16 22 (1.11%) Dynatrace
17 20 (1.01%) Salesforce.com
18 19 (0.96%) Ab Initio
18 19 (0.96%) Hortonworks
19 16 (0.81%) MapR