Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kafka skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kafka over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Kafka
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 111 170 143
Rank change year-on-year +59 -27 +50
Contract jobs citing Kafka 1,172 895 1,829
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.19% 1.56% 1.91%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.24% 5.20% 5.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 831 651 1,328
10th Percentile £400 £410 £420
25th Percentile £463 £469 £495
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £550
75th Percentile £625 £638 £638
90th Percentile £688 £688 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £488 £500
% change year-on-year -2.56% -2.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 8 0
Median hourly rate £56.50 £46.00 -
Median % change year-on-year +22.83% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £56.50 £46.00 -
% change year-on-year +22.83% - -

Kafka is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,185 17,224 31,349
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.22% 29.99% 32.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,559 12,128 22,396
10th Percentile £331 £331 £325
25th Percentile £406 £410 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £588 £580 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £440
% change year-on-year -5.56% +2.27% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 186 160 284
10th Percentile £23.88 £18.60 £17.44
25th Percentile £34.00 £30.65 £27.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +5.75% +7.41%
75th Percentile £57.50 £53.39 £52.50
90th Percentile £65.77 £69.55 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £43.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +4.94%

Kafka
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kafka as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kafka.

Daily rate trend for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kafka over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kafka.

Hourly rate trend for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kafka within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +44 951 £575 +4.55% 393
London +17 687 £575 - 254
Work from Home -7 379 £563 +2.27% 105
UK excluding London +62 254 £475 -2.56% 154
South East +76 54 £475 +11.76% 36
North of England +8 52 £506 +5.47% 42
South West +59 49 £450 -19.21% 16
Scotland +9 43 £450 -21.74% 11
North West +25 35 £519 -3.49% 17
East of England +41 26 £525 +25.00% 18
Wales +11 16 £500 - 5
Midlands +35 14 £410 -18.00% 25
Yorkshire -15 12 £458 -4.53% 15
West Midlands +15 7 £413 -17.50% 20
North East +33 5 £550 +57.14% 10
East Midlands - 5 £410 - 5

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kafka also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kafka.

1 647 (55.20%) Java
2 483 (41.21%) Agile Software Development
3 425 (36.26%) Microservices
4 401 (34.22%) AWS
5 379 (32.34%) Kubernetes
6 362 (30.89%) DevOps
7 352 (30.03%) Docker
8 343 (29.27%) Python
9 296 (25.26%) SQL
10 286 (24.40%) Finance
11 278 (23.72%) Azure
12 277 (23.63%) Big Data
13 269 (22.95%) Apache Spark
14 257 (21.93%) Software Engineering
15 254 (21.67%) Spring
16 236 (20.14%) Linux
17 226 (19.28%) Banking
18 223 (19.03%) Spring Boot
19 215 (18.34%) Git (software)
20 208 (17.75%) Jenkins
21 205 (17.49%) TDD
22 202 (17.24%) Scala
23 192 (16.38%) Terraform
24 188 (16.04%) Hadoop
25 160 (13.65%) NoSQL
26 156 (13.31%) Security Cleared
27 143 (12.20%) SC Cleared
27 143 (12.20%) Apache
28 142 (12.12%) MongoDB
29 138 (11.77%) Test Automation

Kafka
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 269 (22.95%) Apache Spark
2 143 (12.20%) Apache
3 77 (6.57%) Elasticsearch
4 73 (6.23%) Apache Airflow
5 39 (3.33%) Confluence
6 18 (1.54%) SharePoint
7 15 (1.28%) nginx
8 14 (1.19%) Oracle Coherence
9 10 (0.85%) JBoss
10 8 (0.68%) Tomcat
11 6 (0.51%) Apache Pig
11 6 (0.51%) Apache Solr
11 6 (0.51%) Camunda
12 5 (0.43%) Apache Pulsar
12 5 (0.43%) ArcGIS
13 4 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
13 4 (0.34%) Luigi
13 4 (0.34%) OpenStack
13 4 (0.34%) SAS
14 3 (0.26%) Anypoint
Applications
1 4 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.17%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (0.43%) Dynamics AX
1 5 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
2 3 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.26%) Temenos T24
3 2 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.17%) R3 Corda
3 2 (0.17%) Salerio
3 2 (0.17%) SAP EWM
4 1 (0.085%) ION MarketView
4 1 (0.085%) Magento
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle BRM
4 1 (0.085%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.085%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 401 (34.22%) AWS
2 278 (23.72%) Azure
3 134 (11.43%) Serverless
4 103 (8.79%) GCP
5 84 (7.17%) GitHub
6 69 (5.89%) AWS Lambda
7 58 (4.95%) Amazon S3
8 42 (3.58%) Amazon Kinesis
9 41 (3.50%) Amazon EKS
10 36 (3.07%) Cloud Computing
11 32 (2.73%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 30 (2.56%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 29 (2.47%) Power Platform
14 28 (2.39%) AWS CloudFormation
15 27 (2.30%) Amazon EC2
15 27 (2.30%) Amazon EMR
15 27 (2.30%) PaaS
16 26 (2.22%) Amazon ECS
16 26 (2.22%) OpenShift
16 26 (2.22%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 38 (3.24%) HTTP
2 21 (1.79%) SSL
3 17 (1.45%) Internet
4 15 (1.28%) Kerberos
5 11 (0.94%) TCP/IP
6 7 (0.60%) DNS
6 7 (0.60%) Firewall
7 5 (0.43%) VPN
8 4 (0.34%) Network Security
8 4 (0.34%) SMS
8 4 (0.34%) SMTP
9 3 (0.26%) FTP
10 2 (0.17%) SSH
10 2 (0.17%) VoIP
10 2 (0.17%) WebEx
11 1 (0.085%) ADSL
11 1 (0.085%) AMQP
11 1 (0.085%) MQTT
11 1 (0.085%) tcpdump
11 1 (0.085%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 277 (23.63%) Big Data
2 188 (16.04%) Hadoop
3 160 (13.65%) NoSQL
4 142 (12.12%) MongoDB
5 128 (10.92%) Apache Hive
6 127 (10.84%) PostgreSQL
7 104 (8.87%) Apache Cassandra
8 88 (7.51%) Data Warehouse
9 79 (6.74%) HBase
10 71 (6.06%) Data Lake
10 71 (6.06%) Relational Database
11 59 (5.03%) SQL Server
12 41 (3.50%) Amazon RDS
13 39 (3.33%) Snowflake Schema
14 38 (3.24%) MySQL
15 37 (3.16%) Flink
15 37 (3.16%) Impala
16 36 (3.07%) Redis
17 35 (2.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 30 (2.56%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 215 (18.34%) Git (software)
2 208 (17.75%) Jenkins
3 110 (9.39%) GitLab
4 73 (6.23%) JIRA
5 70 (5.97%) Maven
6 51 (4.35%) Artifactory
7 38 (3.24%) Cucumber
7 38 (3.24%) Sonatype Nexus
8 31 (2.65%) JUnit
9 28 (2.39%) SonarQube
10 27 (2.30%) Gradle
11 22 (1.88%) Bitbucket
12 17 (1.45%) TeamCity
13 15 (1.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 13 (1.11%) Subversion
15 12 (1.02%) gulp
16 11 (0.94%) Oracle APEX
16 11 (0.94%) Selenium
17 10 (0.85%) CircleCI
17 10 (0.85%) IBM UrbanCode
General
1 286 (24.40%) Finance
2 226 (19.28%) Banking
3 91 (7.76%) Investment Banking
4 62 (5.29%) Front Office
5 55 (4.69%) Public Sector
6 34 (2.90%) Telecoms
7 30 (2.56%) Manufacturing
8 29 (2.47%) Marketing
9 27 (2.30%) Electronics
10 14 (1.19%) Retail
10 14 (1.19%) Retail Banking
11 9 (0.77%) Advertising
12 6 (0.51%) Back Office
12 6 (0.51%) Financial Institution
12 6 (0.51%) French Language
12 6 (0.51%) Law
13 4 (0.34%) German Language
13 4 (0.34%) Publishing
14 3 (0.26%) Games
14 3 (0.26%) Legal
Job Titles
1 519 (44.28%) Developer
2 293 (25.00%) Java Developer
3 181 (15.44%) Data Engineer
4 110 (9.39%) DevOps Engineer
5 105 (8.96%) Senior Developer
6 93 (7.94%) Software Engineer
7 81 (6.91%) Architect
8 70 (5.97%) AWS Engineer
9 62 (5.29%) Senior Java Developer
10 56 (4.78%) Java Engineer
11 49 (4.18%) Python Engineer
12 47 (4.01%) AWS DevOps
12 47 (4.01%) Scala Developer
13 44 (3.75%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 43 (3.67%) Senior Software Engineer
15 37 (3.16%) Full Stack Developer
16 36 (3.07%) Big Data Engineer
17 31 (2.65%) DV Cleared Software Engineer
17 31 (2.65%) Solutions Architect
18 30 (2.56%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 254 (21.67%) Spring
2 223 (19.03%) Spring Boot
3 116 (9.90%) REST
4 101 (8.62%) React
5 83 (7.08%) Web Services
6 81 (6.91%) Apache NiFi
7 77 (6.57%) AngularJS
7 77 (6.57%) RabbitMQ
8 76 (6.48%) Node.js
8 76 (6.48%) RESTful
9 72 (6.14%) .NET
10 66 (5.63%) HTML
11 65 (5.55%) JSON
12 57 (4.86%) Elastic Stack
13 51 (4.35%) Spark Streaming
14 50 (4.27%) GraphQL
15 39 (3.33%) HTML5
15 39 (3.33%) J2EE
15 39 (3.33%) XML
16 34 (2.90%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 81 (6.91%) Analytical Skills
2 49 (4.18%) Data Structures
3 45 (3.84%) Greenfield Project
4 42 (3.58%) Algorithms
5 38 (3.24%) Self-Motivation
6 35 (2.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 31 (2.65%) Cloud Native
8 29 (2.47%) Public Cloud
9 20 (1.71%) Linux Command Line
10 16 (1.37%) Derivative
10 16 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
11 15 (1.28%) User Experience
12 14 (1.19%) Grid Computing
13 13 (1.11%) iPad
13 13 (1.11%) SWIFT
14 12 (1.02%) Fixed Income
14 12 (1.02%) Market Risk
15 11 (0.94%) Analytical Mindset
15 11 (0.94%) Clustering
15 11 (0.94%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 236 (20.14%) Linux
2 70 (5.97%) Unix
3 29 (2.47%) Windows
4 27 (2.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 9 (0.77%) Android
6 7 (0.60%) CentOS
7 6 (0.51%) CoreOS
7 6 (0.51%) Windows 10
8 4 (0.34%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.34%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.17%) VMS
9 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.085%) Debian
10 1 (0.085%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.085%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 483 (41.21%) Agile Software Development
2 425 (36.26%) Microservices
3 362 (30.89%) DevOps
4 257 (21.93%) Software Engineering
5 205 (17.49%) TDD
6 138 (11.77%) Test Automation
7 128 (10.92%) Analytics
8 109 (9.30%) Infrastructure as Code
9 101 (8.62%) Scrum
10 98 (8.36%) BDD
10 98 (8.36%) Data Engineering
11 91 (7.76%) ETL
12 90 (7.68%) Business Intelligence
13 81 (6.91%) Continuous Integration
14 75 (6.40%) Event-Driven Architecture
15 72 (6.14%) Data Modelling
16 69 (5.89%) Open Source
17 64 (5.46%) Multithreading
18 61 (5.20%) Problem-Solving
18 61 (5.20%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 647 (55.20%) Java
2 343 (29.27%) Python
3 296 (25.26%) SQL
4 202 (17.24%) Scala
5 130 (11.09%) JavaScript
6 109 (9.30%) Java 8
7 74 (6.31%) Go
8 73 (6.23%) Bash Shell
9 51 (4.35%) C#
10 46 (3.92%) TypeScript
11 42 (3.58%) Perl
12 36 (3.07%) PL/SQL
13 33 (2.82%) Shell Script
14 32 (2.73%) C
15 28 (2.39%) Kotlin
16 26 (2.22%) C++
17 19 (1.62%) Groovy
18 17 (1.45%) R
19 16 (1.37%) Ruby
20 15 (1.28%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 156 (13.31%) Security Cleared
2 143 (12.20%) SC Cleared
3 57 (4.86%) Degree
4 45 (3.84%) DV Cleared
5 31 (2.65%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (0.85%) AWS Certification
7 7 (0.60%) Master's Degree
8 6 (0.51%) ISEB
9 4 (0.34%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.26%) PhD
11 1 (0.085%) CFA
11 1 (0.085%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (2.90%) QA
2 12 (1.02%) Data Quality
2 12 (1.02%) SLA
3 5 (0.43%) GDPR
3 5 (0.43%) ISO 20022
4 4 (0.34%) WCAG
5 3 (0.26%) MiFID
5 3 (0.26%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.17%) SEPA
7 1 (0.085%) Basel II
7 1 (0.085%) TARGET2
System Software
1 352 (30.03%) Docker
2 55 (4.69%) HDFS
3 31 (2.65%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 22 (1.88%) Apache Flume
5 7 (0.60%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (0.34%) Platform Symphony
8 3 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
9 2 (0.17%) KVM
10 1 (0.085%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 379 (32.34%) Kubernetes
2 192 (16.38%) Terraform
3 129 (11.01%) Ansible
4 55 (4.69%) Kibana
5 51 (4.35%) Grafana
6 48 (4.10%) Prometheus
7 37 (3.16%) Oozie
8 36 (3.07%) logstash
9 30 (2.56%) Hadoop YARN
9 30 (2.56%) Puppet
10 29 (2.47%) Istio
10 29 (2.47%) Rancher
11 28 (2.39%) Consul
12 26 (2.22%) Fluentd
13 23 (1.96%) Opscode Chef
14 4 (0.34%) Mesos
14 4 (0.34%) Salt
15 3 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
15 3 (0.26%) Nagios
16 2 (0.17%) Control-M
Vendors
1 122 (10.41%) Oracle
2 72 (6.14%) Google
3 58 (4.95%) Splunk
4 56 (4.78%) Confluent
5 54 (4.61%) Microsoft
6 53 (4.52%) Cloudera
7 49 (4.18%) Databricks
8 43 (3.67%) IBM
9 41 (3.50%) SAP
10 39 (3.33%) AppDynamics
11 30 (2.56%) Red Hat
12 27 (2.30%) Atlassian
13 22 (1.88%) StreamSets
14 20 (1.71%) Informatica
15 17 (1.45%) Hortonworks
16 14 (1.19%) VMware
17 12 (1.02%) MapR
18 11 (0.94%) Solace
19 10 (0.85%) TIBCO
20 9 (0.77%) MuleSoft