Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kafka skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kafka over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Kafka
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 94 121 163
Rank change year-on-year +27 +42 -1
Contract jobs citing Kafka 2,299 925 1,170
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.62% 2.18% 1.64%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.18% 7.18% 5.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,537 693 876
10th Percentile £463 £400 £425
25th Percentile £525 £431 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £561
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% -6.46% +2.05%
75th Percentile £700 £625 £650
90th Percentile £775 £688 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £450 £500
% change year-on-year +22.22% -10.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 6
10th Percentile £27.88 - £40.75
25th Percentile £31.25 - £42.63
Median hourly rate £55.00 £35.00 £46.00
Median % change year-on-year +57.14% -23.91% -
75th Percentile £78.75 - -
90th Percentile - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £35.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year - -23.91% -

Kafka is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 25,042 12,883 21,319
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.51% 30.34% 29.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,236 9,147 15,043
10th Percentile £383 £315 £328
25th Percentile £450 £400 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £480 £493
Median % change year-on-year +14.58% -2.54% +3.47%
75th Percentile £650 £575 £575
90th Percentile £738 £655 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £425 £450
% change year-on-year +14.71% -5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 158 190
10th Percentile £21.00 £25.49 £18.80
25th Percentile £35.25 £35.00 £33.44
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.20
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -2.60% +10.00%
75th Percentile £65.54 £57.88 £53.00
90th Percentile £76.72 £63.25 £78.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +7.54%

Kafka
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kafka as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kafka.

Daily rate trend for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kafka over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kafka.

Hourly rate trend for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kafka over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Kafka in the UK

Kafka
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kafka within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +13 1,736 £625 +13.64% 453
London +2 1,290 £650 +18.18% 296
Work from Home +27 814 £600 +14.29% 112
UK excluding London +14 399 £550 +22.22% 171
North of England +36 143 £575 +23.79% 52
South East -14 83 £575 +35.29% 42
Yorkshire +26 70 £575 +26.65% 18
North West -10 61 £563 +25.00% 27
Scotland -20 58 £538 +34.38% 10
South West -39 47 £525 +16.67% 17
Midlands -36 37 £500 +25.00% 21
West Midlands -28 28 £500 +25.00% 16
Wales -20 14 £600 +20.00% 7
North East +2 12 £525 - 7
East of England -51 11 £475 -9.52% 20
East Midlands -22 9 £550 +57.14% 4
Northern Ireland -13 8 £475 +5.56% 2

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Kafka also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kafka.

1 1,189 (51.72%) Java
2 994 (43.24%) Kubernetes
3 975 (42.41%) AWS
4 826 (35.93%) Microservices
5 757 (32.93%) Docker
6 754 (32.80%) Agile Software Development
7 741 (32.23%) DevOps
8 733 (31.88%) CI/CD
9 686 (29.84%) Python
10 613 (26.66%) SQL
11 564 (24.53%) Apache Spark
12 544 (23.66%) Jenkins
13 512 (22.27%) Azure
14 433 (18.83%) Big Data
15 415 (18.05%) Software Engineering
16 413 (17.96%) Finance
17 407 (17.70%) Spring
18 395 (17.18%) Terraform
19 388 (16.88%) MongoDB
19 388 (16.88%) NoSQL
20 347 (15.09%) Spring Boot
21 346 (15.05%) TDD
22 342 (14.88%) Hadoop
23 338 (14.70%) Git (software)
24 330 (14.35%) GCP
25 329 (14.31%) Social Skills
26 319 (13.88%) Scala
27 297 (12.92%) PostgreSQL
28 284 (12.35%) Linux
29 269 (11.70%) Test Automation

Kafka
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 564 (24.53%) Apache Spark
2 157 (6.83%) Apache
3 131 (5.70%) Elasticsearch
4 107 (4.65%) Apache Airflow
5 61 (2.65%) Confluence
6 51 (2.22%) Tomcat
7 28 (1.22%) OpenStack
8 23 (1.00%) Camunda
8 23 (1.00%) Cloud Foundry
9 22 (0.96%) nginx
10 19 (0.83%) Luigi
11 15 (0.65%) Apache Pulsar
12 12 (0.52%) Apache Pig
13 11 (0.48%) SAS
14 9 (0.39%) GemFire
14 9 (0.39%) Jetty
15 8 (0.35%) Oracle Coherence
15 8 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 8 (0.35%) WebLogic
16 7 (0.30%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 2 (0.087%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.043%) CPLEX
2 1 (0.043%) SPSS
2 1 (0.043%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 6 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
2 5 (0.22%) Distributed Ledger
2 5 (0.22%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 4 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 3 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.087%) assyst
5 2 (0.087%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.043%) FINCAD Analytics
6 1 (0.043%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 975 (42.41%) AWS
2 512 (22.27%) Azure
3 330 (14.35%) GCP
4 211 (9.18%) Serverless
5 201 (8.74%) GitHub
6 161 (7.00%) Amazon S3
7 103 (4.48%) AWS Lambda
8 101 (4.39%) AWS CloudFormation
9 91 (3.96%) Amazon Kinesis
10 89 (3.87%) OpenShift
11 78 (3.39%) Amazon EMR
12 77 (3.35%) PaaS
13 70 (3.04%) Azure Data Factory
14 66 (2.87%) Amazon EKS
15 63 (2.74%) Azure Functions
16 54 (2.35%) Kong
17 52 (2.26%) Power Platform
18 50 (2.17%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 50 (2.17%) Snowflake
19 48 (2.09%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 92 (4.00%) HTTP
2 32 (1.39%) MQTT
3 28 (1.22%) DNS
4 24 (1.04%) Network Security
5 17 (0.74%) HTTPS
5 17 (0.74%) SSL
5 17 (0.74%) WAN
6 12 (0.52%) FTP
7 11 (0.48%) Internet
8 8 (0.35%) Firewall
9 7 (0.30%) Kerberos
10 5 (0.22%) IPFS
10 5 (0.22%) MPLS
10 5 (0.22%) Wireshark
11 4 (0.17%) SAN
11 4 (0.17%) SD-WAN
11 4 (0.17%) TCP/IP
12 3 (0.13%) Intelligent Network
12 3 (0.13%) VPN
12 3 (0.13%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 433 (18.83%) Big Data
2 388 (16.88%) MongoDB
2 388 (16.88%) NoSQL
3 342 (14.88%) Hadoop
4 297 (12.92%) PostgreSQL
5 207 (9.00%) Apache Cassandra
6 179 (7.79%) Data Warehouse
7 167 (7.26%) Data Lake
8 150 (6.52%) Amazon Redshift
9 148 (6.44%) Relational Database
10 129 (5.61%) Redis
11 126 (5.48%) Apache Hive
12 121 (5.26%) HBase
13 115 (5.00%) MySQL
14 106 (4.61%) Flink
15 94 (4.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 92 (4.00%) Amazon RDS
17 87 (3.78%) SQL Server
18 79 (3.44%) BigQuery
19 78 (3.39%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 544 (23.66%) Jenkins
2 338 (14.70%) Git (software)
3 209 (9.09%) Maven
4 185 (8.05%) Gradle
5 159 (6.92%) JIRA
6 128 (5.57%) GitLab
7 100 (4.35%) TeamCity
8 93 (4.05%) JUnit
9 69 (3.00%) Cucumber
10 68 (2.96%) Sonatype Nexus
11 67 (2.91%) SonarQube
12 63 (2.74%) Artifactory
12 63 (2.74%) JMeter
13 62 (2.70%) Mockito
14 45 (1.96%) Gatling
15 33 (1.44%) Bitbucket
16 31 (1.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 30 (1.30%) Selenium
18 25 (1.09%) gulp
19 24 (1.04%) CircleCI
General
1 413 (17.96%) Finance
2 329 (14.31%) Social Skills
3 267 (11.61%) Banking
4 119 (5.18%) Analytical Skills
5 104 (4.52%) Public Sector
6 79 (3.44%) Investment Banking
7 71 (3.09%) Retail
8 69 (3.00%) Marketing
9 53 (2.31%) Presentation Skills
10 40 (1.74%) Games
11 39 (1.70%) Telecoms
12 34 (1.48%) Financial Institution
13 33 (1.44%) Front Office
14 29 (1.26%) Legal
15 22 (0.96%) Publishing
16 20 (0.87%) Electronics
16 20 (0.87%) Manufacturing
17 13 (0.57%) Retail Banking
18 9 (0.39%) Documentation Skills
18 9 (0.39%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 802 (34.88%) Developer
2 427 (18.57%) Java Developer
3 425 (18.49%) Data Engineer
4 250 (10.87%) Architect
5 199 (8.66%) Java Engineer
6 155 (6.74%) DevOps Engineer
7 150 (6.52%) Senior Developer
8 136 (5.92%) AWS Engineer
9 132 (5.74%) Software Engineer
10 121 (5.26%) Senior Java Engineer
10 121 (5.26%) Solutions Architect
11 91 (3.96%) Senior Java Developer
12 87 (3.78%) Cloud Engineer
13 81 (3.52%) Data Architect
14 79 (3.44%) Python Engineer
15 76 (3.31%) Full Stack Developer
16 63 (2.74%) Scala Developer
17 56 (2.44%) Azure Engineer
18 51 (2.22%) AWS DevOps
18 51 (2.22%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 407 (17.70%) Spring
2 347 (15.09%) Spring Boot
3 224 (9.74%) REST
4 177 (7.70%) React
5 176 (7.66%) Node.js
6 159 (6.92%) RESTful
7 117 (5.09%) AngularJS
8 102 (4.44%) Spark Streaming
9 101 (4.39%) .NET
10 94 (4.09%) gRPC
11 93 (4.05%) RabbitMQ
11 93 (4.05%) Web Services
12 90 (3.91%) CSS
12 90 (3.91%) JSON
13 82 (3.57%) Hibernate
14 77 (3.35%) HTML
15 69 (3.00%) Akka
15 69 (3.00%) Elastic Stack
16 68 (2.96%) ActiveMQ
17 66 (2.87%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 142 (6.18%) Cloud Native
2 122 (5.31%) Greenfield Project
3 71 (3.09%) Public Cloud
4 68 (2.96%) Data Structures
5 65 (2.83%) Algorithms
6 48 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
7 41 (1.78%) Data Protection Act
7 41 (1.78%) iPad
8 32 (1.39%) Legacy Systems
8 32 (1.39%) Self-Motivation
9 25 (1.09%) Hedge funds
10 24 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
11 23 (1.00%) Data Centre
12 20 (0.87%) Legacy Applications
12 20 (0.87%) Reference Data
13 18 (0.78%) User Experience
14 15 (0.65%) Mobile App
15 13 (0.57%) Equities
15 13 (0.57%) Virtual Team
16 12 (0.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 284 (12.35%) Linux
2 111 (4.83%) Unix
3 49 (2.13%) Windows
4 24 (1.04%) Mac OS X
5 21 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 20 (0.87%) Debian
7 10 (0.43%) Ubuntu
8 8 (0.35%) VMS
9 6 (0.26%) Apple iOS
10 4 (0.17%) Android
11 3 (0.13%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.087%) AIX
12 2 (0.087%) CentOS
12 2 (0.087%) Windows Server
12 2 (0.087%) zOS
13 1 (0.043%) DC/OS
13 1 (0.043%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 826 (35.93%) Microservices
2 754 (32.80%) Agile Software Development
3 741 (32.23%) DevOps
4 733 (31.88%) CI/CD
5 415 (18.05%) Software Engineering
6 346 (15.05%) TDD
7 269 (11.70%) Test Automation
8 268 (11.66%) Data Modelling
9 263 (11.44%) Data Engineering
10 248 (10.79%) BDD
11 245 (10.66%) Analytics
12 242 (10.53%) Event-Driven
13 226 (9.83%) Continuous Integration
14 220 (9.57%) Scrum
15 219 (9.53%) ETL
16 210 (9.13%) Data Pipeline
17 180 (7.83%) Business Intelligence
18 168 (7.31%) Open Source
19 163 (7.09%) Full Stack Development
20 156 (6.79%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,189 (51.72%) Java
2 686 (29.84%) Python
3 613 (26.66%) SQL
4 319 (13.88%) Scala
5 241 (10.48%) JavaScript
6 128 (5.57%) Java 8
7 120 (5.22%) Bash
8 112 (4.87%) Go
8 112 (4.87%) Java 11
9 99 (4.31%) C#
10 74 (3.22%) TypeScript
11 57 (2.48%) PowerShell
12 52 (2.26%) Shell Script
13 50 (2.17%) Groovy
14 47 (2.04%) Kotlin
15 44 (1.91%) C++
16 33 (1.44%) R
17 29 (1.26%) PL/SQL
18 28 (1.22%) Perl
19 21 (0.91%) PHP
Qualifications
1 248 (10.79%) Security Cleared
2 173 (7.53%) SC Cleared
3 80 (3.48%) Degree
4 40 (1.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.22%) AWS Certification
6 23 (1.00%) DV Cleared
7 22 (0.96%) BPSS Clearance
8 7 (0.30%) Master's Degree
9 6 (0.26%) FFIEC
10 5 (0.22%) OSCP
11 4 (0.17%) PMI Certification
11 4 (0.17%) PMP
11 4 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
12 2 (0.087%) OCP
12 2 (0.087%) Oracle Certification
12 2 (0.087%) PhD
13 1 (0.043%) CCNA
13 1 (0.043%) CCNP
13 1 (0.043%) Cisco Certification
13 1 (0.043%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 77 (3.35%) QA
2 75 (3.26%) Data Quality
3 20 (0.87%) GDPR
4 19 (0.83%) SLA
5 11 (0.48%) ISO 20022
5 11 (0.48%) NIST
6 8 (0.35%) Accessibility
7 6 (0.26%) GLBA
7 6 (0.26%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.17%) SEPA
9 3 (0.13%) IFRS
9 3 (0.13%) ISO 15022
9 3 (0.13%) NCSC
10 2 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 2 (0.087%) TARGET2
11 1 (0.043%) MiFID
11 1 (0.043%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 757 (32.93%) Docker
2 57 (2.48%) HDFS
3 48 (2.09%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 26 (1.13%) Apache Flume
5 14 (0.61%) vCloud
6 13 (0.57%) Active Directory
7 7 (0.30%) OpenAM
8 6 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
9 4 (0.17%) Ceph
10 1 (0.043%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.043%) KVM
10 1 (0.043%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.043%) SRDF
10 1 (0.043%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.043%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.043%) zsh
Systems Management
1 994 (43.24%) Kubernetes
2 395 (17.18%) Terraform
3 208 (9.05%) Ansible
4 173 (7.53%) Grafana
5 123 (5.35%) Prometheus
6 88 (3.83%) Kibana
7 47 (2.04%) Istio
8 44 (1.91%) Puppet
9 39 (1.70%) logstash
10 35 (1.52%) Consul
11 29 (1.26%) Bosun
12 26 (1.13%) Opscode Chef
13 25 (1.09%) Oozie
14 23 (1.00%) Hadoop YARN
14 23 (1.00%) ZABBIX
15 21 (0.91%) Rancher
16 20 (0.87%) Fluentd
17 18 (0.78%) VictorOps
18 14 (0.61%) HAProxy
19 10 (0.43%) Packer
Vendors
1 172 (7.48%) Oracle
2 153 (6.66%) Databricks
3 144 (6.26%) Google
4 111 (4.83%) Microsoft
5 74 (3.22%) Cloudera
5 74 (3.22%) Confluent
6 70 (3.04%) Talend
7 67 (2.91%) Red Hat
8 57 (2.48%) Splunk
9 52 (2.26%) Informatica
10 49 (2.13%) MuleSoft
11 39 (1.70%) IBM
12 33 (1.44%) StreamSets
13 28 (1.22%) Salesforce.com
13 28 (1.22%) SAP
14 26 (1.13%) VMware
15 21 (0.91%) Ab Initio
16 20 (0.87%) Teradata
17 18 (0.78%) MapR
18 16 (0.70%) Dynatrace