Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for ETL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited ETL over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Extract, Transform and Load (ETL)
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 81 87 88
Rank change year-on-year +6 +1 +24
Contract jobs citing ETL 2,501 847 2,365
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.01% 2.74% 2.78%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.38% 3.15% 3.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,686 556 1,649
10th Percentile £363 £325 £325
25th Percentile £425 £380 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £475
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £645 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £445
% change year-on-year +5.56% +1.12% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 9 9
10th Percentile £18.56 £9.75 £20.00
25th Percentile £23.88 £15.75 £24.00
Median hourly rate £27.00 £22.50 £27.94
Median % change year-on-year +20.00% -19.47% -20.17%
75th Percentile £42.56 £42.00 £45.25
90th Percentile £58.45 £64.25 £48.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.75 £42.00 £27.94
% change year-on-year -41.07% +50.32% -20.17%

ETL is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 74,089 26,880 74,281
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.09% 87.11% 87.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,464 18,196 49,739
10th Percentile £320 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £378 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £510 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.37% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £668 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £458 £445 £438
% change year-on-year +2.81% +1.71% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,676 767 2,169
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.75 £11.50
25th Percentile £14.50 £15.50 £14.85
Median hourly rate £24.90 £25.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -0.40% +11.11% +15.38%
75th Percentile £49.63 £45.00 £45.00
90th Percentile £63.75 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.55 £22.50 £22.34
% change year-on-year -8.67% +0.74% +17.55%

ETL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing ETL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for ETL in the UK

ETL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing ETL.

Daily rate trend for ETL in the UK

ETL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing ETL over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for ETL in the UK

ETL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing ETL.

Hourly rate trend for ETL in the UK

ETL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing ETL over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for ETL in the UK

ETL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing ETL within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 1,962 £513 +13.89% 503
London +32 1,071 £550 +15.79% 233
UK excluding London +5 899 £475 +5.56% 286
Work from Home -14 773 £500 - 108
South East +13 255 £480 -4.00% 48
Midlands +10 197 £490 +27.94% 77
North of England -23 159 £475 +13.77% 98
Scotland +11 146 £475 +11.76% 10
West Midlands +13 140 £504 +32.07% 51
North West -42 78 £473 +11.18% 49
South West -8 63 £450 - 16
Yorkshire -10 61 £475 +21.79% 28
East Midlands -15 55 £413 +7.70% 26
East of England -63 42 £439 -7.68% 27
Wales -7 31 £500 - 7
North East +11 25 £600 +9.09% 21
Northern Ireland -14 8 £475 +10.21% 3

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing ETL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for ETL.

1 1,574 (62.93%) SQL
2 938 (37.50%) Data Warehouse
3 832 (33.27%) Business Intelligence
4 750 (29.99%) Data Modelling
5 740 (29.59%) Python
6 723 (28.91%) Azure
7 679 (27.15%) Agile Software Development
8 641 (25.63%) Analytics
9 544 (21.75%) AWS
10 538 (21.51%) Finance
11 523 (20.91%) Social Skills
12 507 (20.27%) Oracle
13 481 (19.23%) SQL Server
14 476 (19.03%) Migration
15 466 (18.63%) Power Platform
16 447 (17.87%) Power BI
17 436 (17.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 402 (16.07%) DevOps
19 348 (13.91%) Microsoft
20 347 (13.87%) Big Data
21 335 (13.39%) Data Lake
22 319 (12.75%) Data Engineering
23 307 (12.28%) Java
24 305 (12.20%) Informatica
25 301 (12.04%) Data Migration
26 296 (11.84%) Data Quality
27 286 (11.44%) Analytical Skills
27 286 (11.44%) Data Pipeline
28 283 (11.32%) Hadoop
29 265 (10.60%) Data Integration

ETL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 218 (8.72%) Apache Spark
2 92 (3.68%) SAS
3 86 (3.44%) Confluence
4 84 (3.36%) Apache Airflow
5 60 (2.40%) Apache
6 39 (1.56%) SharePoint
7 38 (1.52%) Elasticsearch
8 16 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 12 (0.48%) Jupyter
9 12 (0.48%) Tomcat
10 11 (0.44%) WebLogic
11 10 (0.40%) Oracle Workflow
12 9 (0.36%) JBoss
13 7 (0.28%) Apache Solr
13 7 (0.28%) Luigi
14 5 (0.20%) CMS
14 5 (0.20%) IIS
15 4 (0.16%) Apache Pig
15 4 (0.16%) BizTalk Server
15 4 (0.16%) IBM Notes
Applications
1 147 (5.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (1.00%) Spreadsheet
3 23 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
4 17 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 8 (0.32%) SPSS
6 7 (0.28%) PTC Creo
7 5 (0.20%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.20%) Windchill
8 2 (0.080%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.040%) Figma
9 1 (0.040%) ProjectWise
Business Applications
1 39 (1.56%) Oracle EBS
2 25 (1.00%) SAP S/4HANA
3 20 (0.80%) Dynamics CRM
4 13 (0.52%) Oracle Applications
5 12 (0.48%) NetSuite
6 11 (0.44%) Oracle ERP
7 9 (0.36%) Markit EDM
7 9 (0.36%) Oracle EBS R12
8 7 (0.28%) Teamcenter
9 6 (0.24%) HFM
10 5 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
10 5 (0.20%) Elite 3E
10 5 (0.20%) SAP MDG
10 5 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 4 (0.16%) Maximo
11 4 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
12 3 (0.12%) Endur
12 3 (0.12%) Oracle Payroll
12 3 (0.12%) SAP HR
12 3 (0.12%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 723 (28.91%) Azure
2 544 (21.75%) AWS
3 466 (18.63%) Power Platform
4 250 (10.00%) Azure Data Factory
5 185 (7.40%) GCP
6 143 (5.72%) Amazon S3
7 122 (4.88%) Serverless
8 119 (4.76%) Snowflake
9 96 (3.84%) Azure Synapse Analytics
10 59 (2.36%) AWS Lambda
11 58 (2.32%) GitHub
12 57 (2.28%) Azure Functions
13 52 (2.08%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 48 (1.92%) SaaS
15 42 (1.68%) PaaS
15 42 (1.68%) PowerApps
16 36 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
17 35 (1.40%) Azure Storage
18 31 (1.24%) Dynamics 365
19 30 (1.20%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 30 (1.20%) HTTP
2 9 (0.36%) FTP
3 6 (0.24%) Internet
4 5 (0.20%) DNS
4 5 (0.20%) Kerberos
5 4 (0.16%) Firewall
6 3 (0.12%) Extranet
6 3 (0.12%) Intranet
7 2 (0.080%) Ethernet
7 2 (0.080%) LAN
7 2 (0.080%) Radio Access Network
7 2 (0.080%) SSL
7 2 (0.080%) VPN
7 2 (0.080%) WAN
7 2 (0.080%) Wi-Fi
8 1 (0.040%) AMQP
8 1 (0.040%) GPON
8 1 (0.040%) IMAP
8 1 (0.040%) NAS
8 1 (0.040%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 938 (37.50%) Data Warehouse
2 481 (19.23%) SQL Server
3 447 (17.87%) Power BI
4 436 (17.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 347 (13.87%) Big Data
6 335 (13.39%) Data Lake
7 283 (11.32%) Hadoop
8 249 (9.96%) Relational Database
9 197 (7.88%) Tableau
10 189 (7.56%) Apache Hive
10 189 (7.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 179 (7.16%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 166 (6.64%) Metadata
13 149 (5.96%) Azure SQL Database
13 149 (5.96%) PostgreSQL
14 127 (5.08%) NoSQL
14 127 (5.08%) Oracle Database
15 115 (4.60%) MySQL
16 103 (4.12%) Amazon Redshift
17 102 (4.08%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 194 (7.76%) Git (software)
2 168 (6.72%) JIRA
3 138 (5.52%) Jenkins
4 67 (2.68%) Visual Studio
5 55 (2.20%) Bitbucket
6 41 (1.64%) ERwin
7 38 (1.52%) TeamCity
8 37 (1.48%) Team Foundation Server
9 32 (1.28%) GitLab
10 23 (0.92%) ER Studio
11 22 (0.88%) Selenium
12 20 (0.80%) Subversion
13 19 (0.76%) Maven
14 18 (0.72%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 18 (0.72%) Toad
15 14 (0.56%) Eclipse
16 13 (0.52%) Cucumber
16 13 (0.52%) Octopus Deploy
17 10 (0.40%) SpecFlow
18 9 (0.36%) Oracle APEX
General
1 538 (21.51%) Finance
2 523 (20.91%) Social Skills
3 286 (11.44%) Analytical Skills
4 174 (6.96%) Public Sector
5 162 (6.48%) Banking
6 70 (2.80%) Marketing
7 63 (2.52%) Presentation Skills
8 56 (2.24%) Retail
9 50 (2.00%) Investment Banking
10 45 (1.80%) Telecoms
11 43 (1.72%) Documentation Skills
12 32 (1.28%) Manufacturing
13 26 (1.04%) Law
14 23 (0.92%) Electronics
15 22 (0.88%) Legal
16 17 (0.68%) Financial Institution
17 15 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
17 15 (0.60%) Publishing
18 13 (0.52%) Advertising
19 12 (0.48%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 771 (30.83%) Developer
2 574 (22.95%) Data Engineer
3 316 (12.63%) Analyst
4 217 (8.68%) Architect
5 180 (7.20%) Data Analyst
6 151 (6.04%) Business Intelligence Developer
7 141 (5.64%) Data Architect
8 138 (5.52%) SQL Developer
9 130 (5.20%) Consultant
10 103 (4.12%) ETL Developer
11 100 (4.00%) Azure Engineer
12 94 (3.76%) Senior Data Engineer
13 67 (2.68%) Power BI Developer
14 61 (2.44%) Python Developer
15 60 (2.40%) Business Analyst
16 54 (2.16%) Python Engineer
17 52 (2.08%) SQL Analyst
18 50 (2.00%) AWS Engineer
18 50 (2.00%) Software Engineer
19 49 (1.96%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 148 (5.92%) Kafka
2 122 (4.88%) .NET
3 109 (4.36%) PySpark
4 98 (3.92%) JSON
5 93 (3.72%) XML
6 85 (3.40%) Web Services
7 77 (3.08%) REST
8 59 (2.36%) RESTful
8 59 (2.36%) Spring
9 53 (2.12%) Pandas
10 44 (1.76%) Node.js
10 44 (1.76%) React
11 43 (1.72%) HTML
12 42 (1.68%) AngularJS
12 42 (1.68%) NumPy
13 40 (1.60%) SOAP
14 39 (1.56%) Middleware
15 37 (1.48%) CSS
16 36 (1.44%) .NET Core
17 35 (1.40%) Oracle GoldenGate
Miscellaneous
1 89 (3.56%) Data Structures
2 82 (3.28%) Legacy Systems
3 57 (2.28%) Management Information System
4 50 (2.00%) NHS
5 43 (1.72%) User Experience
6 38 (1.52%) Data Protection Act
7 34 (1.36%) Greenfield Project
8 32 (1.28%) Algorithms
9 30 (1.20%) Reference Data
10 28 (1.12%) Virtual Team
11 27 (1.08%) Cloud Native
11 27 (1.08%) Replication
12 24 (0.96%) Public Cloud
13 21 (0.84%) Enterprise Software
14 20 (0.80%) Linux Command Line
15 19 (0.76%) Self-Motivation
15 19 (0.76%) Social Media
16 18 (0.72%) Hybrid Cloud
17 14 (0.56%) Credit Risk
18 12 (0.48%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 160 (6.40%) Linux
2 148 (5.92%) Unix
3 96 (3.84%) Windows
4 11 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (0.16%) AIX
5 4 (0.16%) CentOS
5 4 (0.16%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.12%) VMS
7 2 (0.080%) Debian
7 2 (0.080%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.080%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.040%) Android
8 1 (0.040%) HPUX
8 1 (0.040%) Oracle Linux
8 1 (0.040%) Slackware
8 1 (0.040%) Solaris
8 1 (0.040%) SUSE
8 1 (0.040%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 832 (33.27%) Business Intelligence
2 750 (29.99%) Data Modelling
3 679 (27.15%) Agile Software Development
4 641 (25.63%) Analytics
5 476 (19.03%) Migration
6 402 (16.07%) DevOps
7 319 (12.75%) Data Engineering
8 301 (12.04%) Data Migration
9 286 (11.44%) Data Pipeline
10 265 (10.60%) Data Integration
11 254 (10.16%) Visualisation
12 252 (10.08%) Scrum
13 232 (9.28%) Problem-Solving
14 215 (8.60%) Data Analysis
15 194 (7.76%) Data Management
16 176 (7.04%) Data Architecture
17 168 (6.72%) Data Analytics
18 152 (6.08%) Data Science
19 146 (5.84%) Data Governance
20 139 (5.56%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 1,574 (62.93%) SQL
2 740 (29.59%) Python
3 307 (12.28%) Java
4 241 (9.64%) T-SQL
5 192 (7.68%) PL/SQL
6 172 (6.88%) Scala
7 140 (5.60%) C#
8 122 (4.88%) JavaScript
9 102 (4.08%) R
10 88 (3.52%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
11 86 (3.44%) Shell Script
12 73 (2.92%) PowerShell
13 52 (2.08%) Bash Shell
14 51 (2.04%) VBA
15 47 (1.88%) HiveQL
16 34 (1.36%) Perl
17 33 (1.32%) TypeScript
18 22 (0.88%) C++
19 20 (0.80%) Java 8
20 15 (0.60%) Go
Qualifications
1 214 (8.56%) Security Cleared
2 185 (7.40%) SC Cleared
3 112 (4.48%) Degree
4 39 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (0.80%) ISTQB
6 16 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
7 14 (0.56%) AWS Certification
8 11 (0.44%) ISEB
9 10 (0.40%) DV Cleared
10 8 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 7 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.28%) PMI Certification
12 6 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
12 6 (0.24%) PhD
13 5 (0.20%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 5 (0.20%) Master's Degree
14 4 (0.16%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
15 3 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
15 3 (0.12%) PMP
15 3 (0.12%) VCP6
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 296 (11.84%) Data Quality
2 112 (4.48%) QA
3 34 (1.36%) Accessibility
4 28 (1.12%) GDPR
5 13 (0.52%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 11 (0.44%) Disclosure Scotland
6 11 (0.44%) PMO
7 8 (0.32%) SLA
8 6 (0.24%) EMIR
8 6 (0.24%) IFRS
9 5 (0.20%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.16%) Dublin Core
10 4 (0.16%) NCSC
10 4 (0.16%) Solvency II
11 3 (0.12%) COREP
11 3 (0.12%) FINREP
11 3 (0.12%) HL7
11 3 (0.12%) ITGC
12 2 (0.080%) ISO 20022
12 2 (0.080%) PSD2
System Software
1 120 (4.80%) Docker
2 93 (3.72%) HDFS
3 18 (0.72%) Active Directory
4 12 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (0.080%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.040%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.040%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.040%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.040%) Platform Symphony
8 1 (0.040%) Postfix
8 1 (0.040%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 81 (3.24%) Kubernetes
2 57 (2.28%) Ansible
3 39 (1.56%) Terraform
4 31 (1.24%) Grafana
5 30 (1.20%) Control-M
6 25 (1.00%) Kibana
7 12 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
8 9 (0.36%) Hadoop YARN
9 7 (0.28%) Opscode Chef
10 5 (0.20%) HP Fortify
10 5 (0.20%) logstash
10 5 (0.20%) Puppet
10 5 (0.20%) WebInspect
11 4 (0.16%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 3 (0.12%) Data Guard
12 3 (0.12%) HP ALM
12 3 (0.12%) Oozie
12 3 (0.12%) Prometheus
12 3 (0.12%) Rancher
13 2 (0.080%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 507 (20.27%) Oracle
2 348 (13.91%) Microsoft
3 305 (12.20%) Informatica
4 230 (9.20%) Databricks
5 156 (6.24%) SAP
6 142 (5.68%) Google
7 107 (4.28%) Talend
8 77 (3.08%) Salesforce.com
9 76 (3.04%) IBM
10 74 (2.96%) Ab Initio
11 71 (2.84%) Cloudera
12 68 (2.72%) Teradata
13 41 (1.64%) Alteryx
14 38 (1.52%) MuleSoft
15 36 (1.44%) Cognos
16 26 (1.04%) TIBCO
17 22 (0.88%) MicroStrategy
18 20 (0.80%) Netezza
19 18 (0.72%) Adobe
20 17 (0.68%) Atlassian