Period
to 17 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 17 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
17 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 273 475 705
Rank change year-on-year +202 +230 +152
Contract jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 887 468 137
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.98% 0.47% 0.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.12% 0.54% 0.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 594 303 91
UK median daily rate £525 £530 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.94% -3.64% +11.39%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £338
90th Percentile £725 £700 £738
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £480 £450
% change year-on-year +9.38% +6.67% -10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 11 0
UK median hourly rate £49.13 £45.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.18% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 -
% change year-on-year +17.65% - -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,848 86,071 77,706
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 87.00% 86.57% 85.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,809 56,710 50,913
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
10th Percentile £305 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.17% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,180 2,330 2,106
UK median hourly rate £24.91 £22.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.24% -12.00% -
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.17 £11.47
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.93 £20.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year +16.71% -18.00% -7.41%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Contractor daily rate trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 17 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +191 851 £525 -0.94% 340
London +150 585 £550 - 175
UK excluding London +141 275 £525 +9.38% 180
South East +76 120 £525 - 43
North of England +55 50 £588 +9.30% 31
North West +28 38 £594 +14.46% 19
Midlands +47 32 £425 - 15
East of England +15 28 £563 +27.84% 50
South West -6 25 £500 +66.67% 26
West Midlands +16 18 £475 +5.56% 11
East Midlands +33 14 £425 - 4
Scotland +22 12 £500 +14.94% 6
Wales +7 8 £638 +59.38% 4
Yorkshire +17 7 £550 -12.00% 12
North East - 6 £719 -

For the 6 months to 17 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 505 (56.93%) Machine Learning
2 373 (42.05%) Python
3 338 (38.11%) Data Science
4 305 (34.39%) Analytics
5 294 (33.15%) Agile Software Development
6 240 (27.06%) Finance
7 218 (24.58%) SQL
8 193 (21.76%) Big Data
9 185 (20.86%) Java
10 174 (19.62%) Amazon AWS
11 164 (18.49%) Microsoft Azure
12 151 (17.02%) Apache Spark
13 146 (16.46%) DevOps
14 145 (16.35%) Algorithms
15 140 (15.78%) JavaScript
16 124 (13.98%) Degree
17 120 (13.53%) Visualisation
17 120 (13.53%) Hadoop
18 112 (12.63%) Natural Language Processing
19 110 (12.40%) Docker
20 107 (12.06%) Data Analytics
20 107 (12.06%) NoSQL
21 103 (11.61%) Google Cloud Platform
22 101 (11.39%) Computer Science
23 100 (11.27%) Kubernetes
24 99 (11.16%) R
25 96 (10.82%) Deep Learning
26 95 (10.71%) Software Engineering
27 94 (10.60%) Banking
28 93 (10.48%) Analytical Skills

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 151 (17.02%) Apache Spark
2 62 (6.99%) Apache
3 27 (3.04%) Jupyter
4 23 (2.59%) Elasticsearch
5 17 (1.92%) Confluence
5 17 (1.92%) SAS
6 11 (1.24%) nginx
7 9 (1.01%) Apache Airflow
8 4 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
8 4 (0.45%) ColdFusion
8 4 (0.45%) Jetty
8 4 (0.45%) Skype for Business
9 3 (0.34%) Apache Pig
9 3 (0.34%) Apache Solr
9 3 (0.34%) Luigi
9 3 (0.34%) OpenStack
9 3 (0.34%) SharePoint
10 2 (0.23%) CMS
10 2 (0.23%) Magnolia
10 2 (0.23%) Tomcat
Applications
1 28 (3.16%) Chatbot
2 27 (3.04%) Microsoft Excel
2 27 (3.04%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (1.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.79%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.45%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.34%) Blender
6 3 (0.34%) Maya
6 3 (0.34%) ZBrush
7 2 (0.23%) Stata
8 1 (0.11%) EViews
8 1 (0.11%) InVision
8 1 (0.11%) Simulink
8 1 (0.11%) Sketch
8 1 (0.11%) SPSS
8 1 (0.11%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 18 (2.03%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
3 3 (0.34%) Dynamics NAV
3 3 (0.34%) SAP R/3
4 2 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.23%) Oracle Retail
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Internet Expenses
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle iProcurement
5 1 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.11%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.11%) SAP MDG
5 1 (0.11%) SAP MDM
5 1 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.11%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 174 (19.62%) Amazon AWS
2 164 (18.49%) Microsoft Azure
3 103 (11.61%) Google Cloud Platform
4 43 (4.85%) Serverless
5 32 (3.61%) Power Platform
6 31 (3.49%) Amazon S3
7 28 (3.16%) AWS Lambda
8 26 (2.93%) PaaS
9 25 (2.82%) Cloud Computing
10 21 (2.37%) GitHub
11 20 (2.25%) Amazon SQS
11 20 (2.25%) Azure Machine Learning
12 15 (1.69%) SaaS
13 14 (1.58%) Amazon ECS
13 14 (1.58%) Amazon SageMaker
13 14 (1.58%) AWS Fargate
14 9 (1.01%) IBM Blueworks
15 8 (0.90%) Dialogflow
15 8 (0.90%) IaaS
16 7 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 17 (1.92%) Internet
2 8 (0.90%) WebEx
3 6 (0.68%) Firewall
4 5 (0.56%) HTTP
4 5 (0.56%) Skype
4 5 (0.56%) VPN
5 4 (0.45%) AMQP
5 4 (0.45%) DNS
5 4 (0.45%) FTP
6 3 (0.34%) LAN
6 3 (0.34%) SSL
6 3 (0.34%) WAN
7 2 (0.23%) BGP
7 2 (0.23%) DSL
7 2 (0.23%) EIGRP
7 2 (0.23%) Kerberos
7 2 (0.23%) OSPF
7 2 (0.23%) Reverse Proxy
7 2 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
7 2 (0.23%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 193 (21.76%) Big Data
2 120 (13.53%) Hadoop
3 107 (12.06%) NoSQL
4 60 (6.76%) MongoDB
5 47 (5.30%) Apache Hive
6 41 (4.62%) Data Warehouse
7 39 (4.40%) Blockchain
8 38 (4.28%) SQL Server
9 37 (4.17%) MySQL
9 37 (4.17%) PostgreSQL
10 33 (3.72%) Apache Cassandra
11 32 (3.61%) Power BI
12 26 (2.93%) Relational Database
13 25 (2.82%) BigQuery
14 23 (2.59%) Data Lake
15 18 (2.03%) GIS
16 17 (1.92%) Data Mining
16 17 (1.92%) Geospatial Data
17 16 (1.80%) Neo4j
18 14 (1.58%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 73 (8.23%) Git (software)
2 62 (6.99%) Jenkins
3 27 (3.04%) JIRA
4 18 (2.03%) Artifactory
5 17 (1.92%) GitLab
5 17 (1.92%) Selenium
6 16 (1.80%) Maven
7 14 (1.58%) Team Foundation Server
8 11 (1.24%) Jasmine
9 10 (1.13%) Gradle
10 9 (1.01%) PhantomJS
10 9 (1.01%) Visual Studio Team System
11 8 (0.90%) Mocha
12 7 (0.79%) Subversion
12 7 (0.79%) Vagrant
13 6 (0.68%) Bitbucket Server
13 6 (0.68%) JUnit
13 6 (0.68%) Protractor
13 6 (0.68%) Sonatype Nexus
14 5 (0.56%) gulp
General
1 240 (27.06%) Finance
2 94 (10.60%) Banking
3 61 (6.88%) Retail
4 32 (3.61%) Legal
5 26 (2.93%) Investment Banking
6 23 (2.59%) Marketing
7 19 (2.14%) Front Office
8 17 (1.92%) Financial Institution
9 16 (1.80%) Manufacturing
10 14 (1.58%) Games
10 14 (1.58%) Telecoms
11 12 (1.35%) Advertising
11 12 (1.35%) Back Office
12 11 (1.24%) Law
12 11 (1.24%) Retail Banking
13 9 (1.01%) Aerospace
13 9 (1.01%) Pharmaceutical
13 9 (1.01%) Publishing
14 6 (0.68%) Multimedia
15 4 (0.45%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 244 (27.51%) Developer
2 136 (15.33%) Data Scientist
3 117 (13.19%) Architect
4 87 (9.81%) Data Engineer
5 75 (8.46%) Python Engineer
6 58 (6.54%) Solutions Architect
7 47 (5.30%) Python Developer
8 43 (4.85%) Analyst
8 43 (4.85%) Consultant
9 34 (3.83%) JavaScript Developer
9 34 (3.83%) React Developer
10 32 (3.61%) Java Developer
11 30 (3.38%) C# Developer
12 26 (2.93%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 25 (2.82%) DevOps Engineer
13 25 (2.82%) Full Stack Developer
14 24 (2.71%) Data Architect
14 24 (2.71%) Senior Developer
15 22 (2.48%) Project Manager
16 21 (2.37%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 112 (12.63%) Natural Language Processing
2 81 (9.13%) HTML
3 77 (8.68%) React
4 72 (8.12%) CSS
5 70 (7.89%) Kafka
6 57 (6.43%) .NET
7 55 (6.20%) Node.js
7 55 (6.20%) TensorFlow
8 54 (6.09%) PySpark
9 53 (5.98%) AngularJS
10 50 (5.64%) Pandas
11 47 (5.30%) scikit-learn
11 47 (5.30%) Web Services
12 45 (5.07%) REST
13 35 (3.95%) JSON
14 32 (3.61%) NumPy
15 29 (3.27%) XML
16 28 (3.16%) RESTful
17 26 (2.93%) Redux
18 23 (2.59%) Keras
Miscellaneous
1 145 (16.35%) Algorithms
2 93 (10.48%) Analytical Skills
3 75 (8.46%) Robotics
4 72 (8.12%) User Experience
5 28 (3.16%) Data Structures
6 25 (2.82%) Mobile App
7 21 (2.37%) Greenfield Project
8 18 (2.03%) Management Information System
9 15 (1.69%) Life Science
9 15 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
10 14 (1.58%) Virtual Team
11 12 (1.35%) Internet of Things
12 11 (1.24%) Tandem
13 10 (1.13%) Industry 4.0
13 10 (1.13%) Lidar
13 10 (1.13%) Social Media
14 9 (1.01%) Client/Server
14 9 (1.01%) Taxonomies
15 8 (0.90%) Public Cloud
16 6 (0.68%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 53 (5.98%) Linux
2 36 (4.06%) Windows
3 12 (1.35%) Android
3 12 (1.35%) Apple iOS
3 12 (1.35%) Unix
4 5 (0.56%) CentOS
4 5 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (0.45%) Solaris
6 3 (0.34%) VMS
7 1 (0.11%) MVS
7 1 (0.11%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.11%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
7 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 505 (56.93%) Machine Learning
2 338 (38.11%) Data Science
3 305 (34.39%) Analytics
4 294 (33.15%) Agile Software Development
5 146 (16.46%) DevOps
6 120 (13.53%) Visualisation
7 107 (12.06%) Data Analytics
8 101 (11.39%) Computer Science
9 96 (10.82%) Deep Learning
10 95 (10.71%) Software Engineering
11 90 (10.15%) Mathematics
12 82 (9.24%) Data Visualisation
13 77 (8.68%) Problem-Solving
14 76 (8.57%) Microservices
15 72 (8.12%) Business Intelligence
16 70 (7.89%) Data Modelling
17 68 (7.67%) Open Source
18 63 (7.10%) TDD
19 58 (6.54%) Scrum
20 56 (6.31%) Robotic Process Automation
Programming Languages
1 373 (42.05%) Python
2 218 (24.58%) SQL
3 185 (20.86%) Java
4 140 (15.78%) JavaScript
5 99 (11.16%) R
6 87 (9.81%) C#
7 72 (8.12%) Scala
8 63 (7.10%) C++
9 42 (4.74%) C
10 22 (2.48%) PHP
11 19 (2.14%) Go
11 19 (2.14%) MATLAB
12 18 (2.03%) Perl
13 17 (1.92%) PL/SQL
14 16 (1.80%) T-SQL
14 16 (1.80%) VB.NET
15 15 (1.69%) Bash Shell
15 15 (1.69%) PowerShell
15 15 (1.69%) Shell Script
15 15 (1.69%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 124 (13.98%) Degree
2 82 (9.24%) PhD
3 36 (4.06%) Master's Degree
4 34 (3.83%) Security Cleared
5 27 (3.04%) Computer Science Degree
6 18 (2.03%) SC Cleared
7 15 (1.69%) DV Cleared
8 14 (1.58%) AWS Certification
8 14 (1.58%) Numerate Degree
9 8 (0.90%) CISSP
10 7 (0.79%) CISMP
11 6 (0.68%) MBA
12 4 (0.45%) TOGAF Certification
13 3 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
13 3 (0.34%) PMI Certification
13 3 (0.34%) PMP
13 3 (0.34%) Six Sigma Black Belt
14 2 (0.23%) CBAP
14 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.23%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (1.80%) Data Quality
2 9 (1.01%) QA
3 7 (0.79%) GDPR
3 7 (0.79%) PMO
4 5 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.45%) COBIT
5 4 (0.45%) NIST
5 4 (0.45%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.45%) PSD2
6 2 (0.23%) GxP
6 2 (0.23%) SLA
7 1 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 1 (0.11%) Def Stans
7 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.11%) JTAG
7 1 (0.11%) NCSC
7 1 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 110 (12.40%) Docker
2 10 (1.13%) Apache Flume
2 10 (1.13%) HDFS
3 5 (0.56%) Slurm Workload Manager
4 4 (0.45%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
5 3 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.23%) Ceph
6 2 (0.23%) etcd
7 1 (0.11%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.11%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 100 (11.27%) Kubernetes
2 35 (3.95%) Terraform
3 14 (1.58%) Ansible
3 14 (1.58%) Kibana
4 10 (1.13%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (0.79%) Puppet
6 6 (0.68%) Istio
6 6 (0.68%) logstash
7 4 (0.45%) Graphite
7 4 (0.45%) Nagios
7 4 (0.45%) StatsD
8 3 (0.34%) Rancher
9 2 (0.23%) Ambari
9 2 (0.23%) Cacti
9 2 (0.23%) Consul
9 2 (0.23%) HAProxy
9 2 (0.23%) Knative
9 2 (0.23%) Oozie
9 2 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.11%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 92 (10.37%) Google
2 83 (9.36%) Microsoft
3 58 (6.54%) Tableau
4 39 (4.40%) Oracle
5 27 (3.04%) Blue Prism
6 23 (2.59%) Databricks
6 23 (2.59%) UiPath
7 16 (1.80%) Automation Anywhere
8 14 (1.58%) Dataiku
9 13 (1.47%) IBM
10 10 (1.13%) Pega
11 9 (1.01%) Hortonworks
11 9 (1.01%) New Relic
11 9 (1.01%) ServiceNow
11 9 (1.01%) webMethods
12 7 (0.79%) Facebook
13 6 (0.68%) SAP
13 6 (0.68%) Twitter
14 5 (0.56%) Cisco
15 4 (0.45%) Apple