Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 360 621 804
Rank change year-on-year +261 +183 +62
Contract jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 728 249 90
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.71% 0.25% 0.084%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.82% 0.29% 0.099%
Number of daily rates quoted 473 172 70
UK median daily rate £525 £550 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +15.79% -13.64%
10th Percentile £375 £325 £316
90th Percentile £700 £725 £621
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £400 £395
% change year-on-year +18.75% +1.27% -29.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 1 0
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £45.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.22% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,860 85,218 90,687
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.19% 85.73% 85.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,647 56,432 59,904
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,410 2,058 2,457
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.93 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.75% +10.78% +3.45%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% +8.70% +4.55%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Contractor daily rate trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +250 667 £538 -2.27% 610
London +159 472 £575 +4.55% 309
UK excluding London +177 245 £475 +18.75% 324
South East +84 110 £475 +5.56% 77
North of England -2 35 £544 +40.32% 61
Scotland +14 32 £501 +31.31% 9
North West +6 28 £550 +41.94% 32
South West +4 21 £413 -31.96% 51
Wales +3 19 £525 - 9
East of England +7 18 £440 +3.53% 81
Midlands -9 9 £525 +4.90% 31
Yorkshire -15 7 £480 +26.32% 14
East Midlands +8 4 £700 +36.52% 5
West Midlands -15 4 £488 +54.76% 26
Northern Ireland - 1 £375 - 5

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 362 (49.73%) Machine Learning
2 279 (38.32%) Python
3 214 (29.40%) Agile Software Development
4 209 (28.71%) Data Science
5 189 (25.96%) Analytics
6 168 (23.08%) Finance
7 145 (19.92%) Big Data
8 139 (19.09%) JavaScript
9 136 (18.68%) Java
10 111 (15.25%) Algorithms
11 105 (14.42%) Amazon AWS
12 103 (14.15%) SQL
13 93 (12.77%) Computer Science
14 90 (12.36%) HTML
15 88 (12.09%) Microsoft Azure
16 87 (11.95%) Analytical Skills
17 85 (11.68%) DevOps
18 83 (11.40%) Degree
19 80 (10.99%) CSS
20 79 (10.85%) Hadoop
21 78 (10.71%) TDD
22 77 (10.58%) Banking
23 75 (10.30%) Mathematics
23 75 (10.30%) Visualisation
24 74 (10.16%) Apache Spark
25 73 (10.03%) Problem-Solving
26 72 (9.89%) React
27 70 (9.62%) Natural Language Processing
28 66 (9.07%) Test Automation
29 64 (8.79%) Data Analytics

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (10.16%) Apache Spark
2 24 (3.30%) Apache
3 16 (2.20%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (2.20%) Jupyter
4 13 (1.79%) Cloud Foundry
5 11 (1.51%) Confluence
6 9 (1.24%) CMS
7 7 (0.96%) Apache Solr
8 6 (0.82%) Apache Pig
9 5 (0.69%) SAS
9 5 (0.69%) SharePoint
10 4 (0.55%) WebLogic
11 3 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
11 3 (0.41%) OpenStack
11 3 (0.41%) Sitecore CMS
11 3 (0.41%) Tornado
12 2 (0.27%) Apache Airflow
13 1 (0.14%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 1 (0.14%) Amazon Alexa
13 1 (0.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 57 (7.83%) Chatbot
2 16 (2.20%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (1.24%) Microsoft Project
4 7 (0.96%) Microsoft Excel
5 6 (0.82%) MS Visio
6 4 (0.55%) Maya
6 4 (0.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.41%) 3ds Max
7 3 (0.41%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.27%) GNU Octave
8 2 (0.27%) SPSS
9 1 (0.14%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.14%) Simulink
9 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 15 (2.06%) Distributed Ledger
2 10 (1.37%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.41%) SAP S/4HANA
4 2 (0.27%) Actimize
5 1 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.14%) SAP R/3
5 1 (0.14%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 105 (14.42%) Amazon AWS
2 88 (12.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 30 (4.12%) Google Cloud Platform
4 23 (3.16%) PaaS
5 21 (2.88%) Azure Machine Learning
6 18 (2.47%) SaaS
7 17 (2.34%) Cloud Computing
7 17 (2.34%) Serverless
8 12 (1.65%) IaaS
9 10 (1.37%) Slack
10 9 (1.24%) Office 365
11 7 (0.96%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 7 (0.96%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (0.96%) Trello
12 6 (0.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 6 (0.82%) Azure Functions
12 6 (0.82%) Data Lake Analytics
12 6 (0.82%) Dynamics 365
12 6 (0.82%) GitHub
12 6 (0.82%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.37%) DNS
2 6 (0.82%) DAB
2 6 (0.82%) SAN
3 5 (0.69%) Firewall
3 5 (0.69%) NAS
4 4 (0.55%) Broadband
4 4 (0.55%) Internet
4 4 (0.55%) iSCSI
4 4 (0.55%) Network Security
4 4 (0.55%) SSL
5 3 (0.41%) HTTP
5 3 (0.41%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.27%) DHCP
6 2 (0.27%) Ethernet
6 2 (0.27%) SMS
6 2 (0.27%) SSH
6 2 (0.27%) tcpdump
6 2 (0.27%) VoIP
7 1 (0.14%) OpenVPN
7 1 (0.14%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 145 (19.92%) Big Data
2 79 (10.85%) Hadoop
3 60 (8.24%) MongoDB
4 45 (6.18%) NoSQL
5 43 (5.91%) Blockchain
6 39 (5.36%) Data Mining
7 34 (4.67%) Data Warehouse
8 26 (3.57%) Relational Database
9 25 (3.43%) Apache Hive
10 24 (3.30%) Power BI
10 24 (3.30%) SQL Server
11 22 (3.02%) Apache Cassandra
11 22 (3.02%) MySQL
12 18 (2.47%) Geospatial Data
13 17 (2.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 15 (2.06%) PostgreSQL
15 13 (1.79%) Data Lake
15 13 (1.79%) Redis
16 10 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 10 (1.37%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 36 (4.95%) Git (software)
2 29 (3.98%) JIRA
3 24 (3.30%) Selenium
4 23 (3.16%) Jenkins
5 21 (2.88%) Visual Studio Team System
6 16 (2.20%) PhantomJS
7 11 (1.51%) Maven
8 10 (1.37%) JUnit
9 8 (1.10%) Grunt
9 8 (1.10%) Jasmine
9 8 (1.10%) Vagrant
10 7 (0.96%) TestNG
11 6 (0.82%) Gradle
11 6 (0.82%) Visual Studio
12 5 (0.69%) GitLab
12 5 (0.69%) TeamCity
12 5 (0.69%) webpack
13 4 (0.55%) Babel
13 4 (0.55%) Octopus Deploy
13 4 (0.55%) Subversion
General
1 168 (23.08%) Finance
2 77 (10.58%) Banking
3 30 (4.12%) Retail
4 22 (3.02%) Marketing
5 20 (2.75%) Legal
6 19 (2.61%) Financial Institution
6 19 (2.61%) Games
7 18 (2.47%) Front Office
8 15 (2.06%) Telecoms
9 13 (1.79%) Investment Banking
10 11 (1.51%) Pharmaceutical
11 10 (1.37%) Law
12 9 (1.24%) Back Office
13 8 (1.10%) Manufacturing
14 6 (0.82%) Advertising
15 4 (0.55%) Automotive
15 4 (0.55%) Electronics
15 4 (0.55%) Retail Banking
16 3 (0.41%) Dutch Language
17 2 (0.27%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 254 (34.89%) Developer
2 85 (11.68%) Architect
3 71 (9.75%) Data Scientist
4 63 (8.65%) Analyst
5 60 (8.24%) Python Developer
6 40 (5.49%) JavaScript Developer
6 40 (5.49%) Solutions Architect
7 37 (5.08%) Senior Developer
8 36 (4.95%) Java Developer
9 34 (4.67%) Business Analyst
10 32 (4.40%) Machine Learning Developer
11 29 (3.98%) Project Manager
11 29 (3.98%) React Developer
12 28 (3.85%) Data Engineer
13 24 (3.30%) Consultant
13 24 (3.30%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 21 (2.88%) Software Engineer
15 17 (2.34%) DevOps Engineer
16 16 (2.20%) Python Engineer
17 15 (2.06%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 90 (12.36%) HTML
2 80 (10.99%) CSS
3 72 (9.89%) React
4 70 (9.62%) Natural Language Processing
5 62 (8.52%) Node.js
6 56 (7.69%) REST
7 49 (6.73%) AngularJS
8 47 (6.46%) Kafka
9 45 (6.18%) Redux
10 43 (5.91%) HTML5
11 36 (4.95%) TensorFlow
12 35 (4.81%) CSS3
13 34 (4.67%) .NET
14 31 (4.26%) Django
14 31 (4.26%) RESTful
15 28 (3.85%) Spring
16 25 (3.43%) D3.js
16 25 (3.43%) Hibernate
17 24 (3.30%) WebSockets
18 21 (2.88%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 111 (15.25%) Algorithms
2 93 (12.77%) Computer Science
3 87 (11.95%) Analytical Skills
4 42 (5.77%) Robotics
5 39 (5.36%) Greenfield Project
6 36 (4.95%) User Experience
7 30 (4.12%) Fintech
8 20 (2.75%) Mobile App
9 19 (2.61%) Data Structures
10 15 (2.06%) CCTV
11 13 (1.79%) Public Cloud
11 13 (1.79%) Self-Motivation
11 13 (1.79%) Tandem
11 13 (1.79%) Virtual Team
12 12 (1.65%) Data Centre
13 11 (1.51%) NHS
13 11 (1.51%) Social Media
14 10 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
14 10 (1.37%) Replication
15 9 (1.24%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 57 (7.83%) Linux
2 14 (1.92%) Android
2 14 (1.92%) Windows
3 13 (1.79%) Apple iOS
4 10 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 10 (1.37%) Unix
5 6 (0.82%) VMS
6 4 (0.55%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
7 3 (0.41%) Solaris
7 3 (0.41%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.27%) AIX
8 2 (0.27%) CentOS
9 1 (0.14%) DC/OS
9 1 (0.14%) Debian
9 1 (0.14%) FreeBSD
9 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.14%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
9 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 362 (49.73%) Machine Learning
2 214 (29.40%) Agile Software Development
3 209 (28.71%) Data Science
4 189 (25.96%) Analytics
5 85 (11.68%) DevOps
6 78 (10.71%) TDD
7 75 (10.30%) Mathematics
7 75 (10.30%) Visualisation
8 73 (10.03%) Problem-Solving
9 66 (9.07%) Test Automation
10 64 (8.79%) Data Analytics
11 60 (8.24%) Project Management
12 55 (7.55%) Business Intelligence
12 55 (7.55%) Scrum
13 53 (7.28%) Continuous Integration
14 50 (6.87%) Software Engineering
15 49 (6.73%) Deep Learning
16 45 (6.18%) Open Source
17 43 (5.91%) Front End Development
18 39 (5.36%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 279 (38.32%) Python
2 139 (19.09%) JavaScript
3 136 (18.68%) Java
4 103 (14.15%) SQL
5 63 (8.65%) Scala
6 50 (6.87%) C++
6 50 (6.87%) R
7 45 (6.18%) C#
8 34 (4.67%) C
9 33 (4.53%) TypeScript
10 29 (3.98%) Java 8
11 26 (3.57%) Bash Shell
12 24 (3.30%) Perl
13 20 (2.75%) Ruby
14 14 (1.92%) Go
15 12 (1.65%) ES6
16 11 (1.51%) VB
17 10 (1.37%) PHP
18 7 (0.96%) Lua
19 6 (0.82%) AWK
Qualifications
1 83 (11.40%) Degree
2 33 (4.53%) PhD
3 32 (4.40%) Computer Science Degree
4 26 (3.57%) Security Cleared
5 18 (2.47%) SC Cleared
6 10 (1.37%) Master's Degree
7 9 (1.24%) PMI Certification
8 8 (1.10%) Numerate Degree
9 7 (0.96%) CBAP
10 5 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (0.69%) PMP
11 4 (0.55%) RHCE
11 4 (0.55%) RHCSA
11 4 (0.55%) RHCVA
12 3 (0.41%) CEH
12 3 (0.41%) DV Cleared
12 3 (0.41%) Six Sigma Black Belt
13 2 (0.27%) ISEB
13 2 (0.27%) MCSE
13 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (3.98%) QA
2 6 (0.82%) PMO
3 5 (0.69%) ISO 9001
4 4 (0.55%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.41%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.27%) FATCA
6 2 (0.27%) GDPR
7 1 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.14%) EMIR
7 1 (0.14%) IFRS
7 1 (0.14%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.14%) MiFID
7 1 (0.14%) PSD2
System Software
1 54 (7.42%) Docker
2 9 (1.24%) Apache Flume
3 7 (0.96%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 7 (0.96%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.82%) HDFS
5 5 (0.69%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.69%) KVM
5 5 (0.69%) NFS
5 5 (0.69%) RHEV
5 5 (0.69%) Samba
6 4 (0.55%) Firmware
6 4 (0.55%) Sendmail
6 4 (0.55%) Veritas File System
6 4 (0.55%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (0.27%) iptables
7 2 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.14%) Ceph
8 1 (0.14%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.14%) pfSense
8 1 (0.14%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 50 (6.87%) Kubernetes
2 27 (3.71%) Ansible
3 23 (3.16%) Opscode Chef
3 23 (3.16%) Puppet
4 10 (1.37%) Terraform
5 9 (1.24%) Kibana
6 7 (0.96%) Grafana
6 7 (0.96%) logstash
6 7 (0.96%) Mesos
6 7 (0.96%) ZABBIX
7 6 (0.82%) Graphite
7 6 (0.82%) Nagios
7 6 (0.82%) StatsD
8 5 (0.69%) Oozie
9 4 (0.55%) BMC PATROL
9 4 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.55%) OpenView
9 4 (0.55%) Salt
9 4 (0.55%) Tivoli
9 4 (0.55%) yum
Vendors
1 49 (6.73%) Microsoft
2 37 (5.08%) Google
3 29 (3.98%) Tableau
4 21 (2.88%) Oracle
5 20 (2.75%) Blue Prism
6 19 (2.61%) UiPath
7 18 (2.47%) IBM
7 18 (2.47%) Splunk
8 16 (2.20%) Informatica
9 15 (2.06%) SAP
10 14 (1.92%) Cloudera
11 13 (1.79%) Red Hat
12 11 (1.51%) Adobe
13 9 (1.24%) Alteryx
13 9 (1.24%) Hortonworks
14 8 (1.10%) Automation Anywhere
14 8 (1.10%) Facebook
15 6 (0.82%) HP
15 6 (0.82%) MapR
15 6 (0.82%) New Relic