Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 721 801 874
Rank change year-on-year +80 +73 -12
Contract jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 156 80 14
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.15% 0.076% 0.012%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.18% 0.091% 0.015%
Number of daily rates quoted 105 61 6
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% -9.09% +69.23%
10th Percentile £373 £381 £525
90th Percentile £720 £663 £594
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £500
% change year-on-year +2.94% -15.00% +61.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
UK median hourly rate £45.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 - -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 87132 87864 92880
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.49% 83.90% 81.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 58048 58076 60168
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £630 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2060 2332 2734
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.08% +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.49 £11.31 £11.50
90th Percentile £49.75 £48.75 £47.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.50 £23.75
% change year-on-year -2.04% +3.16% +18.75%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Contractor daily rate trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +90 151 £555 +11.00% 103
London +41 125 £575 +15.00% 58
UK excluding London +32 29 £438 +2.94% 47
South East +2 8 £500 +17.65% 10
North of England - 7 £390 - 6
Yorkshire - 6 £380 - 2
Midlands +24 5 £625 - 4
South West -5 4 £550 - 7
East Midlands +2 3 £625 - 1
Scotland - 3 £408 - 2
West Midlands - 2 £315 - 3
East of England -7 1 - - 18
North West - 1 £600 - 3
Wales - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 116 (74.36%) Machine Learning
2 70 (44.87%) Python
3 59 (37.82%) Big Data
4 53 (33.97%) Analytics
4 53 (33.97%) Apache Spark
5 52 (33.33%) Hadoop
6 51 (32.69%) Java
7 44 (28.21%) Finance
8 40 (25.64%) Agile Software Development
9 38 (24.36%) R
9 38 (24.36%) Algorithms
10 37 (23.72%) Natural Language Processing
10 37 (23.72%) Computer Science
11 31 (19.87%) Open Source
11 31 (19.87%) Apache
12 30 (19.23%) C#
13 29 (18.59%) SQL
14 27 (17.31%) JavaScript
15 25 (16.03%) Degree
16 24 (15.38%) Mathematics
17 22 (14.10%) Apache Hive
18 21 (13.46%) Neural Network
18 21 (13.46%) Visualisation
18 21 (13.46%) Statistics
19 20 (12.82%) Scala
19 20 (12.82%) TDD
19 20 (12.82%) Banking
19 20 (12.82%) TensorFlow
20 19 (12.18%) Retail
21 17 (10.90%) Linux

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (33.97%) Apache Spark
2 31 (19.87%) Apache
3 13 (8.33%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (5.13%) Apache Pig
5 7 (4.49%) SAS
6 3 (1.92%) IIS
7 1 (0.64%) CMS
7 1 (0.64%) Ethereum
7 1 (0.64%) GlassFish
7 1 (0.64%) JBoss
7 1 (0.64%) SharePoint
7 1 (0.64%) Skype for Business
7 1 (0.64%) WildFly
Applications
1 16 (10.26%) Chatbot
2 9 (5.77%) SPSS
3 2 (1.28%) Adobe Illustrator
3 2 (1.28%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (1.28%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.64%) GNU Octave
4 1 (0.64%) InVision
4 1 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.64%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 1 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 17 (10.90%) Microsoft Azure
2 11 (7.05%) Dialogflow
3 10 (6.41%) Amazon AWS
4 5 (3.21%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
4 5 (3.21%) Google Cloud Platform
5 2 (1.28%) Data Lake Analytics
5 2 (1.28%) GitHub
5 2 (1.28%) SaaS
6 1 (0.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 1 (0.64%) Amazon EC2
6 1 (0.64%) Amazon S3
6 1 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
6 1 (0.64%) AWS CloudTrail
6 1 (0.64%) AWS OpsWorks
6 1 (0.64%) Azure Machine Learning
6 1 (0.64%) IBM Cloud
6 1 (0.64%) Office 365
6 1 (0.64%) Route 53
6 1 (0.64%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.92%) Intranet
2 2 (1.28%) Internet
3 1 (0.64%) Skype
3 1 (0.64%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 59 (37.82%) Big Data
2 52 (33.33%) Hadoop
3 22 (14.10%) Apache Hive
4 16 (10.26%) MongoDB
5 11 (7.05%) SQL Server
6 9 (5.77%) Mahout
7 8 (5.13%) BusinessObjects
7 8 (5.13%) NoSQL
7 8 (5.13%) Qlik Sense
8 6 (3.85%) Data Mining
9 5 (3.21%) Text Mining
10 4 (2.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 3 (1.92%) BigQuery
11 3 (1.92%) Data Warehouse
11 3 (1.92%) HBase
11 3 (1.92%) Neo4j
11 3 (1.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 2 (1.28%) HDInsight
12 2 (1.28%) Relational Database
12 2 (1.28%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 9 (5.77%) Selenium
2 7 (4.49%) Cucumber
3 6 (3.85%) WebDriver
4 5 (3.21%) Jenkins
5 3 (1.92%) SpecFlow
6 2 (1.28%) Calabash
6 2 (1.28%) Capybara
6 2 (1.28%) SoapUI
6 2 (1.28%) TeamCity
7 1 (0.64%) Axure RP
7 1 (0.64%) Git (software)
General
1 44 (28.21%) Finance
2 20 (12.82%) Banking
3 19 (12.18%) Retail
4 15 (9.62%) Marketing
5 9 (5.77%) Publishing
6 8 (5.13%) Investment Banking
7 6 (3.85%) Telecoms
8 5 (3.21%) Electronics
8 5 (3.21%) Manufacturing
9 3 (1.92%) Advertising
9 3 (1.92%) Financial Institution
10 2 (1.28%) Legal
11 1 (0.64%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.64%) French Language
11 1 (0.64%) German Language
11 1 (0.64%) Italian Language
11 1 (0.64%) Military
Job Titles
1 38 (24.36%) Data Scientist
2 31 (19.87%) Developer
3 22 (14.10%) Architect
4 16 (10.26%) Data Engineer
5 12 (7.69%) Project Manager
6 10 (6.41%) Tester
7 9 (5.77%) Artificial Intelligence Architect
8 8 (5.13%) Lead Architect
9 7 (4.49%) Analyst
9 7 (4.49%) Automation Tester
9 7 (4.49%) AWS Engineer
9 7 (4.49%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 7 (4.49%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 6 (3.85%) Big Data Engineer
10 6 (3.85%) Data Architect
10 6 (3.85%) Designer
10 6 (3.85%) Java Developer
11 5 (3.21%) Python Developer
12 4 (2.56%) Consultant
12 4 (2.56%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (23.72%) Natural Language Processing
2 20 (12.82%) TensorFlow
3 17 (10.90%) MXNet
3 17 (10.90%) Theano
4 15 (9.62%) REST
5 14 (8.97%) Django
5 14 (8.97%) XML
6 13 (8.33%) .NET
7 12 (7.69%) JSON
8 9 (5.77%) MLlib
8 9 (5.77%) NumPy
8 9 (5.77%) Pandas
9 8 (5.13%) scikit-learn
10 7 (4.49%) D3.js
11 5 (3.21%) Bokeh
11 5 (3.21%) CSS
11 5 (3.21%) Deeplearning4j
11 5 (3.21%) ggplot
11 5 (3.21%) SciPy
11 5 (3.21%) Seaborn
Miscellaneous
1 38 (24.36%) Algorithms
2 37 (23.72%) Computer Science
3 17 (10.90%) Analytical Skills
4 13 (8.33%) User Experience
5 11 (7.05%) Robotics
6 6 (3.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 6 (3.85%) Management Information System
7 5 (3.21%) Fintech
8 4 (2.56%) Mobile App
9 3 (1.92%) Digital Media
9 3 (1.92%) IVR
10 2 (1.28%) Internet of Things
10 2 (1.28%) Social Media
10 2 (1.28%) Tandem
11 1 (0.64%) Greenfield Project
11 1 (0.64%) Smart Meter
11 1 (0.64%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 17 (10.90%) Linux
2 3 (1.92%) Windows
3 1 (0.64%) Android
3 1 (0.64%) Mac OS X
3 1 (0.64%) Ubuntu
3 1 (0.64%) Unix
3 1 (0.64%) Windows Server
3 1 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
3 1 (0.64%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 116 (74.36%) Machine Learning
2 53 (33.97%) Analytics
3 40 (25.64%) Agile Software Development
4 31 (19.87%) Open Source
5 24 (15.38%) Mathematics
6 21 (13.46%) Neural Network
6 21 (13.46%) Statistics
6 21 (13.46%) Visualisation
7 20 (12.82%) TDD
8 14 (8.97%) Data Visualisation
9 12 (7.69%) Data Analytics
9 12 (7.69%) Decision Tree
9 12 (7.69%) DevOps
10 11 (7.05%) Applied Mathematics
10 11 (7.05%) Full Text Search
10 11 (7.05%) User Stories
11 10 (6.41%) Information Retrieval
11 10 (6.41%) Physics
11 10 (6.41%) Predictive Analytics
12 9 (5.77%) Deep Learning
Programming Languages
1 70 (44.87%) Python
2 51 (32.69%) Java
3 38 (24.36%) R
4 30 (19.23%) C#
5 29 (18.59%) SQL
6 27 (17.31%) JavaScript
7 20 (12.82%) Scala
8 10 (6.41%) C++
8 10 (6.41%) MATLAB
9 6 (3.85%) SPARQL
10 5 (3.21%) Ruby
11 3 (1.92%) Groovy
12 2 (1.28%) C
12 2 (1.28%) Erlang
12 2 (1.28%) PowerShell
13 1 (0.64%) Bash Shell
13 1 (0.64%) PHP
13 1 (0.64%) T-SQL
13 1 (0.64%) VBA
13 1 (0.64%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 25 (16.03%) Degree
2 14 (8.97%) PhD
3 6 (3.85%) Master's Degree
3 6 (3.85%) PMP
3 6 (3.85%) SC Cleared
3 6 (3.85%) Security Cleared
4 3 (1.92%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (1.28%) PRINCE2 Certification
6 1 (0.64%) A+ Certification
6 1 (0.64%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.64%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (1.92%) Data Quality
2 2 (1.28%) QA
3 1 (0.64%) GCP
System Software
1 12 (7.69%) Docker
2 2 (1.28%) Apache Flume
2 2 (1.28%) Firmware
3 1 (0.64%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 3 (1.92%) Hadoop YARN
1 3 (1.92%) Mesos
2 1 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
2 1 (0.64%) Opscode Chef
2 1 (0.64%) SCCM
2 1 (0.64%) WSUS
Vendors
1 12 (7.69%) IBM
2 11 (7.05%) Microsoft
3 7 (4.49%) Google
4 6 (3.85%) SAP
5 5 (3.21%) Blue Prism
6 3 (1.92%) ServiceNow
6 3 (1.92%) Snow
7 2 (1.28%) Tableau
8 1 (0.64%) Apple
8 1 (0.64%) Capita
8 1 (0.64%) Facebook
8 1 (0.64%) Kaspersky