Period
to 13 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
UK
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 325 576 785
Rank change year-on-year +251 +209 +109
Contract jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 847 328 105
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.80% 0.32% 0.10%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.93% 0.37% 0.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 564 217 79
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £363 £345 £325
90th Percentile £700 £738 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +11.76% +6.25% -9.60%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 1 0
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £45.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.22% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £45.00 -
% change year-on-year -55.56% - -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 91,392 88,694 87,632
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.72% 85.90% 85.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,516 59,163 57,746
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,345 2,083 2,479
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.33% +6.67% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.05
90th Percentile £50.19 £49.24 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.62 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -14.07% +6.67% -1.45%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Contractor daily rate trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the UK

Artificial Intelligence
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence within the UK over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +235 777 £525 -0.94% 580
London +172 549 £550 - 308
UK excluding London +175 285 £475 +11.76% 296
South East +91 132 £475 -5.00% 82
Scotland +16 37 £500 +26.58% 10
South West -10 31 £500 -9.09% 33
North of England +4 30 £475 +22.58% 53
North West -2 24 £475 +22.58% 33
Wales - 21 £541 - 6
Midlands -2 17 £563 +7.14% 34
East of England +13 16 £400 -5.88% 70
East Midlands +11 10 £700 +12.00% 13
Yorkshire -11 6 £460 +21.05% 8
West Midlands -19 6 £450 +42.86% 21
Northern Ireland - 1 £375 - 8

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 400 (47.23%) Machine Learning
2 315 (37.19%) Python
3 250 (29.52%) Data Science
4 242 (28.57%) Agile Software Development
5 226 (26.68%) Analytics
6 185 (21.84%) Finance
7 184 (21.72%) Big Data
8 166 (19.60%) Java
9 162 (19.13%) JavaScript
10 124 (14.64%) SQL
11 118 (13.93%) Algorithms
12 115 (13.58%) DevOps
13 112 (13.22%) Amazon AWS
14 107 (12.63%) Microsoft Azure
15 105 (12.40%) Computer Science
16 100 (11.81%) Analytical Skills
17 98 (11.57%) HTML
18 92 (10.86%) Apache Spark
18 92 (10.86%) Hadoop
19 90 (10.63%) Degree
20 86 (10.15%) CSS
20 86 (10.15%) Conversational UI
21 84 (9.92%) Banking
22 83 (9.80%) Microsoft
22 83 (9.80%) Natural Language Processing
22 83 (9.80%) React
23 82 (9.68%) Node.js
23 82 (9.68%) Problem-Solving
24 80 (9.45%) TDD
25 78 (9.21%) Data Analytics

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (10.86%) Apache Spark
2 27 (3.19%) Apache
3 22 (2.60%) Elasticsearch
4 13 (1.53%) Jupyter
5 11 (1.30%) Confluence
6 8 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
6 8 (0.94%) CMS
6 8 (0.94%) SAS
6 8 (0.94%) Skype for Business
7 7 (0.83%) Apache Pig
7 7 (0.83%) SharePoint
8 6 (0.71%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.47%) Apache Airflow
9 4 (0.47%) Luigi
9 4 (0.47%) WebLogic
10 3 (0.35%) Apache Solr
10 3 (0.35%) SharePoint 2013
10 3 (0.35%) Tornado
11 2 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
11 2 (0.24%) K2 blackpearl
Applications
1 75 (8.85%) Chatbot
2 22 (2.60%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (0.94%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (0.94%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.71%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.47%) Maya
6 3 (0.35%) 3ds Max
6 3 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.35%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.24%) GNU Octave
7 2 (0.24%) SPSS
8 1 (0.12%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.12%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.12%) Simulink
8 1 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 15 (1.77%) Distributed Ledger
2 10 (1.18%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.71%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.24%) Actimize
4 2 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.12%) SAP MDG
5 1 (0.12%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 112 (13.22%) Amazon AWS
2 107 (12.63%) Microsoft Azure
3 45 (5.31%) Google Cloud Platform
4 36 (4.25%) PaaS
5 22 (2.60%) Cloud Computing
5 22 (2.60%) IaaS
6 17 (2.01%) SaaS
6 17 (2.01%) Serverless
7 12 (1.42%) Office 365
8 10 (1.18%) AWS Lambda
8 10 (1.18%) Slack
9 9 (1.06%) Azure Machine Learning
9 9 (1.06%) Data Lake Analytics
10 8 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 8 (0.94%) Apigee
10 8 (0.94%) GitHub
11 7 (0.83%) Amazon EMR
11 7 (0.83%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 7 (0.83%) Trello
12 6 (0.71%) Sumo Logic
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.30%) SSL
2 10 (1.18%) SAN
3 9 (1.06%) Skype
4 8 (0.94%) DAB
4 8 (0.94%) DNS
4 8 (0.94%) iSCSI
5 5 (0.59%) Internet
5 5 (0.59%) NAS
6 4 (0.47%) Broadband
6 4 (0.47%) Cisco ASA
6 4 (0.47%) Cisco IOS
6 4 (0.47%) Firewall
6 4 (0.47%) HTTP
6 4 (0.47%) VPLS
6 4 (0.47%) VPN
7 3 (0.35%) TCP/IP
8 2 (0.24%) Ethernet
8 2 (0.24%) Intranet
8 2 (0.24%) VoIP
8 2 (0.24%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 184 (21.72%) Big Data
2 92 (10.86%) Hadoop
3 64 (7.56%) MongoDB
4 55 (6.49%) NoSQL
5 51 (6.02%) Blockchain
6 46 (5.43%) Data Warehouse
7 39 (4.60%) SQL Server
8 36 (4.25%) Power BI
9 35 (4.13%) Relational Database
10 34 (4.01%) Apache Hive
11 33 (3.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 30 (3.54%) Apache Cassandra
12 30 (3.54%) Data Mining
13 25 (2.95%) MySQL
14 22 (2.60%) Redis
14 22 (2.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 21 (2.48%) PostgreSQL
16 19 (2.24%) Data Lake
17 13 (1.53%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 12 (1.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 50 (5.90%) Git (software)
2 31 (3.66%) Jenkins
3 30 (3.54%) JIRA
4 27 (3.19%) Selenium
5 21 (2.48%) Visual Studio Team System
6 18 (2.13%) JUnit
6 18 (2.13%) Maven
7 16 (1.89%) PhantomJS
8 13 (1.53%) Jasmine
9 12 (1.42%) Vagrant
10 11 (1.30%) Gradle
10 11 (1.30%) Grunt
11 10 (1.18%) TestNG
12 7 (0.83%) webpack
13 6 (0.71%) Cucumber
14 5 (0.59%) Babel
14 5 (0.59%) GitLab
14 5 (0.59%) Protractor
14 5 (0.59%) Subversion
14 5 (0.59%) Visual Studio
General
1 185 (21.84%) Finance
2 84 (9.92%) Banking
3 32 (3.78%) Retail
4 25 (2.95%) Legal
5 22 (2.60%) Marketing
6 19 (2.24%) Financial Institution
7 18 (2.13%) Games
7 18 (2.13%) Telecoms
8 15 (1.77%) Front Office
9 14 (1.65%) Investment Banking
10 12 (1.42%) Pharmaceutical
11 10 (1.18%) Back Office
11 10 (1.18%) Law
12 9 (1.06%) Electronics
13 8 (0.94%) Manufacturing
14 6 (0.71%) Advertising
15 4 (0.47%) Automotive
16 3 (0.35%) Dutch Language
16 3 (0.35%) Retail Banking
17 2 (0.24%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 267 (31.52%) Developer
2 103 (12.16%) Architect
3 92 (10.86%) Data Scientist
4 69 (8.15%) Analyst
5 51 (6.02%) Python Developer
6 45 (5.31%) Data Engineer
7 41 (4.84%) JavaScript Developer
8 40 (4.72%) Java Developer
8 40 (4.72%) Senior Developer
9 38 (4.49%) Consultant
10 37 (4.37%) Solutions Architect
11 31 (3.66%) Business Analyst
11 31 (3.66%) Machine Learning Developer
12 27 (3.19%) Data Architect
13 26 (3.07%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 26 (3.07%) React Developer
14 25 (2.95%) Project Manager
14 25 (2.95%) Software Engineer
15 24 (2.83%) DevOps Engineer
15 24 (2.83%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 98 (11.57%) HTML
2 86 (10.15%) CSS
3 83 (9.80%) Natural Language Processing
3 83 (9.80%) React
4 82 (9.68%) Node.js
5 71 (8.38%) AngularJS
6 59 (6.97%) Kafka
7 48 (5.67%) REST
8 47 (5.55%) HTML5
9 45 (5.31%) Redux
10 44 (5.19%) .NET
11 43 (5.08%) TensorFlow
12 40 (4.72%) RESTful
13 34 (4.01%) Spring
14 33 (3.90%) WebSockets
15 32 (3.78%) CSS3
16 29 (3.42%) Elastic Stack
17 26 (3.07%) Web Services
18 25 (2.95%) Django
19 24 (2.83%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 118 (13.93%) Algorithms
2 100 (11.81%) Analytical Skills
3 61 (7.20%) Robotics
4 52 (6.14%) User Experience
5 46 (5.43%) Greenfield Project
6 35 (4.13%) Fintech
7 22 (2.60%) Data Structures
7 22 (2.60%) Mobile App
8 19 (2.24%) Public Cloud
9 17 (2.01%) Data Centre
10 16 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
11 15 (1.77%) CCTV
12 13 (1.53%) Virtual Team
13 12 (1.42%) NHS
14 10 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
14 10 (1.18%) PMI
14 10 (1.18%) Replication
14 10 (1.18%) Tandem
15 8 (0.94%) Digital Currency
16 7 (0.83%) Acoustics
Operating Systems
1 75 (8.85%) Linux
2 16 (1.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 16 (1.89%) Windows
3 12 (1.42%) Android
3 12 (1.42%) Apple iOS
4 11 (1.30%) Unix
5 10 (1.18%) CentOS
5 10 (1.18%) VMS
6 7 (0.83%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.47%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
8 3 (0.35%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.35%) Solaris
9 1 (0.12%) AIX
9 1 (0.12%) DC/OS
9 1 (0.12%) Debian
9 1 (0.12%) FreeBSD
9 1 (0.12%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2003
9 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 400 (47.23%) Machine Learning
2 250 (29.52%) Data Science
3 242 (28.57%) Agile Software Development
4 226 (26.68%) Analytics
5 115 (13.58%) DevOps
6 105 (12.40%) Computer Science
7 86 (10.15%) Conversational UI
8 82 (9.68%) Problem-Solving
9 80 (9.45%) TDD
10 78 (9.21%) Data Analytics
11 77 (9.09%) Mathematics
11 77 (9.09%) Test Automation
12 75 (8.85%) Visualisation
13 67 (7.91%) Business Intelligence
14 63 (7.44%) Open Source
15 61 (7.20%) Software Engineering
16 60 (7.08%) Scrum
17 50 (5.90%) Data Modelling
17 50 (5.90%) Project Management
18 48 (5.67%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 315 (37.19%) Python
2 166 (19.60%) Java
3 162 (19.13%) JavaScript
4 124 (14.64%) SQL
5 77 (9.09%) R
6 69 (8.15%) C#
7 58 (6.85%) C++
8 57 (6.73%) Scala
9 47 (5.55%) Bash Shell
10 42 (4.96%) TypeScript
11 36 (4.25%) C
12 34 (4.01%) Java 8
12 34 (4.01%) Perl
13 25 (2.95%) Ruby
14 15 (1.77%) Go
15 12 (1.42%) VB
16 11 (1.30%) ES6
16 11 (1.30%) PowerShell
17 10 (1.18%) AWK
17 10 (1.18%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 90 (10.63%) Degree
2 47 (5.55%) PhD
3 35 (4.13%) Computer Science Degree
4 31 (3.66%) Security Cleared
5 22 (2.60%) SC Cleared
6 13 (1.53%) Master's Degree
7 10 (1.18%) PMI Certification
8 7 (0.83%) CBAP
8 7 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
9 6 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.47%) CEH
10 4 (0.47%) RHCE
10 4 (0.47%) RHCSA
10 4 (0.47%) RHCVA
10 4 (0.47%) Six Sigma Black Belt
11 3 (0.35%) DV Cleared
11 3 (0.35%) OSCP
11 3 (0.35%) Six Sigma Green Belt
12 2 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.24%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (4.96%) QA
2 9 (1.06%) PMO
3 8 (0.94%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.59%) Disclosure Scotland
4 5 (0.59%) ISO 9001
5 2 (0.24%) GDPR
6 1 (0.12%) COBIT
6 1 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.12%) EMIR
6 1 (0.12%) FATCA
6 1 (0.12%) ISO 13485
6 1 (0.12%) MiFID
System Software
1 73 (8.62%) Docker
2 17 (2.01%) Apache Flume
3 13 (1.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 8 (0.94%) HDFS
5 5 (0.59%) KVM
5 5 (0.59%) RHEV
5 5 (0.59%) Samba
6 4 (0.47%) Firmware
6 4 (0.47%) Sendmail
6 4 (0.47%) Veritas File System
6 4 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.47%) Virtual Servers
7 3 (0.35%) Active Directory
7 3 (0.35%) NFS
8 2 (0.24%) iptables
8 2 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
9 1 (0.12%) Ceph
9 1 (0.12%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.12%) pfSense
9 1 (0.12%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 49 (5.79%) Kubernetes
2 38 (4.49%) Ansible
3 28 (3.31%) Puppet
4 27 (3.19%) Opscode Chef
5 16 (1.89%) Kibana
6 11 (1.30%) Grafana
6 11 (1.30%) Mesos
6 11 (1.30%) Terraform
7 10 (1.18%) Graphite
7 10 (1.18%) logstash
7 10 (1.18%) StatsD
7 10 (1.18%) ZABBIX
8 9 (1.06%) Nagios
8 9 (1.06%) Salt
9 5 (0.59%) Hadoop YARN
9 5 (0.59%) Oozie
10 4 (0.47%) BMC PATROL
10 4 (0.47%) OpenView
10 4 (0.47%) Tivoli
10 4 (0.47%) yum
Vendors
1 83 (9.80%) Microsoft
2 49 (5.79%) Google
3 31 (3.66%) UiPath
4 29 (3.42%) Blue Prism
5 27 (3.19%) Oracle
5 27 (3.19%) Tableau
6 19 (2.24%) Informatica
7 18 (2.13%) Cloudera
7 18 (2.13%) IBM
8 17 (2.01%) SAP
9 15 (1.77%) Automation Anywhere
10 14 (1.65%) Hortonworks
10 14 (1.65%) Splunk
11 12 (1.42%) Alteryx
11 12 (1.42%) New Relic
11 12 (1.42%) Pega
11 12 (1.42%) ServiceNow
12 10 (1.18%) Cisco
12 10 (1.18%) Red Hat
13 9 (1.06%) Adobe