Period
to 27 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Tomcat skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Tomcat over the 6 months to 27 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Tomcat
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 431 432 288
Rank change year-on-year +1 -144 -56
Contract jobs citing Tomcat 169 333 907
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.39% 0.47% 0.93%
As % of the Application Platforms category 2.73% 3.25% 5.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 119 216 681
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £353 £380 £363
90th Percentile £646 £688 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £478 £488 £450
% change year-on-year -2.05% +8.33% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 12
Median hourly rate - £40.75 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -9.44% -10.00%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £40.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year - -9.44% -16.28%

Tomcat is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 6,191 10,244 16,144
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.45% 14.32% 16.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,197 6,817 10,582
Median daily rate £475 £450 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% -5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £275 £250 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £428 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +0.71% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 173 231 323
Median hourly rate £26.96 £19.44 £18.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +38.68% +3.68% -1.32%
10th Percentile £14.10 £11.00 £12.00
90th Percentile £64.50 £51.75 £47.09
Median hourly rate £24.00 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +33.33% +2.86% -4.38%

Tomcat
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Tomcat as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Tomcat.

Daily rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Tomcat over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Tomcat.

Hourly rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tomcat within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +16 128 £500 - 56
London +57 73 £500 -4.26% 22
UK excluding London +27 66 £478 -2.05% 40
Work from Home -161 47 £495 -3.41% 12
South East +80 24 £522 +9.89% 13
North of England +60 15 £495 -26.67% 11
Scotland +37 13 £413 -31.25% 1
Midlands +57 7 £520 +7.77% 5
North West +42 7 £473 -30.00% 7
Yorkshire +49 6 £575 -17.86% 1
East of England +57 5 £413 -8.33% 2
West Midlands +44 3 £438 -9.33% 2
East Midlands +36 3 £520 - 3
South West +68 2 £575 +21.05% 3
North East +24 2 £413 -38.89% 3

For the 6 months to 27 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Tomcat also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Tomcat.

1 117 (69.23%) Java
2 98 (57.99%) Linux
3 67 (39.64%) Apache
4 62 (36.69%) JBoss
5 59 (34.91%) Jenkins
6 57 (33.73%) Agile Software Development
6 57 (33.73%) DevOps
7 54 (31.95%) SQL
7 54 (31.95%) Oracle
8 49 (28.99%) AWS
9 47 (27.81%) Windows
9 47 (27.81%) Spring
10 46 (27.22%) Red Hat
11 45 (26.63%) Python
12 44 (26.04%) Git (software)
13 43 (25.44%) WebSphere
14 42 (24.85%) JavaScript
15 41 (24.26%) Security Cleared
16 38 (22.49%) Unix
17 35 (20.71%) Bash Shell
18 32 (18.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 32 (18.93%) Puppet
19 31 (18.34%) SC Cleared
20 30 (17.75%) Continuous Integration
20 30 (17.75%) Middleware
21 29 (17.16%) XML
21 29 (17.16%) Perl
21 29 (17.16%) SQL Server
21 29 (17.16%) JIRA
21 29 (17.16%) REST

Tomcat
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (39.64%) Apache
2 62 (36.69%) JBoss
3 43 (25.44%) WebSphere
4 27 (15.98%) WebSphere Application Server
5 20 (11.83%) IIS
6 19 (11.24%) nginx
7 18 (10.65%) WebLogic
8 17 (10.06%) Confluence
9 16 (9.47%) Red Hat Fuse
10 15 (8.88%) Elasticsearch
10 15 (8.88%) Jetty
11 9 (5.33%) Apache TomEE
12 8 (4.73%) Apache Geronimo
13 6 (3.55%) Apache Solr
13 6 (3.55%) MQSeries
14 5 (2.96%) Oracle Self-Service HR
15 3 (1.78%) IBM HTTP Server
15 3 (1.78%) Mule
15 3 (1.78%) Oracle HTTP Server
15 3 (1.78%) WildFly
Applications
1 3 (1.78%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (1.78%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (1.18%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (3.55%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (1.78%) Magento
2 3 (1.78%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (1.18%) Fredhopper
3 2 (1.18%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (1.18%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.59%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.59%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.59%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 49 (28.99%) AWS
2 19 (11.24%) Azure
3 13 (7.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
4 12 (7.10%) GitHub
5 10 (5.92%) AWS CloudFormation
6 7 (4.14%) Amazon EC2
6 7 (4.14%) Datadog
7 6 (3.55%) OpenShift
8 5 (2.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 4 (2.37%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (2.37%) GCP
9 4 (2.37%) npm
9 4 (2.37%) PaaS
9 4 (2.37%) Serverless
10 3 (1.78%) AWS CloudTrail
10 3 (1.78%) AWS CodePipeline
10 3 (1.78%) Google Analytics
11 2 (1.18%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 2 (1.18%) Amazon Kinesis
11 2 (1.18%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 28 (16.57%) HTTP
2 23 (13.61%) DNS
3 20 (11.83%) SSL
4 14 (8.28%) SSH
5 13 (7.69%) FTP
6 11 (6.51%) DHCP
6 11 (6.51%) Firewall
6 11 (6.51%) TCP/IP
7 8 (4.73%) SMTP
8 4 (2.37%) HTTPS
8 4 (2.37%) SAN
9 2 (1.18%) Internet
9 2 (1.18%) IPsec
9 2 (1.18%) iSCSI
9 2 (1.18%) Reverse Proxy
9 2 (1.18%) SNMP
10 1 (0.59%) NAS
10 1 (0.59%) Network Security
10 1 (0.59%) VLAN
10 1 (0.59%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (17.16%) SQL Server
2 25 (14.79%) MySQL
3 19 (11.24%) MongoDB
3 19 (11.24%) Oracle Database
4 16 (9.47%) PostgreSQL
5 12 (7.10%) Amazon Aurora
5 12 (7.10%) Relational Database
6 11 (6.51%) NoSQL
7 7 (4.14%) DB2
8 6 (3.55%) Big Data
8 6 (3.55%) Hadoop
9 5 (2.96%) Amazon RDS
9 5 (2.96%) Apache Cassandra
9 5 (2.96%) Data Warehouse
10 4 (2.37%) Data Mart
10 4 (2.37%) Redis
11 3 (1.78%) Oracle Database 11g
11 3 (1.78%) Oracle Exadata
11 3 (1.78%) RDBMS
12 2 (1.18%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 59 (34.91%) Jenkins
2 44 (26.04%) Git (software)
3 29 (17.16%) JIRA
4 26 (15.38%) Maven
5 17 (10.06%) Subversion
6 15 (8.88%) JUnit
7 12 (7.10%) Ant
7 12 (7.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 12 (7.10%) Cucumber
8 11 (6.51%) Selenium
9 10 (5.92%) Bitbucket
10 9 (5.33%) Artifactory
10 9 (5.33%) Gradle
10 9 (5.33%) IntelliJ
11 8 (4.73%) Eclipse
11 8 (4.73%) SonarQube
12 7 (4.14%) TeamCity
13 5 (2.96%) Mercurial
13 5 (2.96%) Oracle APEX
13 5 (2.96%) Vagrant
General
1 20 (11.83%) Finance
2 19 (11.24%) Public Sector
3 7 (4.14%) Banking
4 5 (2.96%) Front Office
4 5 (2.96%) Retail
5 4 (2.37%) Legal
6 2 (1.18%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.59%) Games
7 1 (0.59%) Law
7 1 (0.59%) Military
Job Titles
1 57 (33.73%) Developer
2 26 (15.38%) Architect
3 24 (14.20%) Java Developer
4 16 (9.47%) DevOps Engineer
5 14 (8.28%) Administrator
6 11 (6.51%) Technical Architect
7 9 (5.33%) Full Stack Developer
8 8 (4.73%) WebSphere Specialist
9 7 (4.14%) Applications Specialist
9 7 (4.14%) Consultant
9 7 (4.14%) Server Specialist
9 7 (4.14%) Systems Administrator
9 7 (4.14%) WebSphere Server Specialist
10 6 (3.55%) Applications Support
10 6 (3.55%) Middleware Engineer
10 6 (3.55%) Software Developer
10 6 (3.55%) Software Engineer
10 6 (3.55%) Solutions Architect
11 5 (2.96%) Front Office Developer
11 5 (2.96%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (27.81%) Spring
2 30 (17.75%) Middleware
3 29 (17.16%) REST
3 29 (17.16%) XML
4 26 (15.38%) JSON
5 25 (14.79%) AngularJS
5 25 (14.79%) Spring Boot
6 23 (13.61%) HTML
6 23 (13.61%) Web Services
7 20 (11.83%) Node.js
8 19 (11.24%) J2EE
8 19 (11.24%) RabbitMQ
9 17 (10.06%) Apache Camel
10 16 (9.47%) .NET
10 16 (9.47%) Hibernate
10 16 (9.47%) RESTful
10 16 (9.47%) XSLT
11 15 (8.88%) WebSphere MQ
12 14 (8.28%) CSS
13 13 (7.69%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 26 (15.38%) Analytical Skills
2 17 (10.06%) Enterprise Software
3 10 (5.92%) Derivative
4 8 (4.73%) Linux Command Line
4 8 (4.73%) User Experience
5 6 (3.55%) PKI
6 5 (2.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 5 (2.96%) Management Information System
6 5 (2.96%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (2.37%) Algorithms
7 4 (2.37%) Data Structures
8 3 (1.78%) Credit Risk
8 3 (1.78%) DataPower
8 3 (1.78%) Mobile App
8 3 (1.78%) NHS
8 3 (1.78%) Replication
9 2 (1.18%) CMDB
9 2 (1.18%) EFT
9 2 (1.18%) FMCG
9 2 (1.18%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 98 (57.99%) Linux
2 47 (27.81%) Windows
3 38 (22.49%) Unix
4 32 (18.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 11 (6.51%) CentOS
5 11 (6.51%) Windows Server
6 9 (5.33%) Ubuntu
7 8 (4.73%) Windows Server 2016
8 7 (4.14%) Oracle Linux
9 6 (3.55%) Debian
9 6 (3.55%) Solaris
10 5 (2.96%) Android
10 5 (2.96%) Apple iOS
10 5 (2.96%) Mac OS X
11 3 (1.78%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (1.18%) VMS
12 2 (1.18%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.59%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 57 (33.73%) Agile Software Development
1 57 (33.73%) DevOps
2 30 (17.75%) Continuous Integration
3 26 (15.38%) Open Source
4 25 (14.79%) Problem-Solving
5 23 (13.61%) Continuous Delivery
6 22 (13.02%) Configuration Management
7 19 (11.24%) Deployment Automation
7 19 (11.24%) ITIL
8 18 (10.65%) Microservices
8 18 (10.65%) Scrum
8 18 (10.65%) Software Engineering
9 17 (10.06%) Concurrent Programming
10 15 (8.88%) Migration
10 15 (8.88%) Test Automation
11 14 (8.28%) Unit Testing
12 13 (7.69%) Analytics
12 13 (7.69%) Root Cause Analysis
13 12 (7.10%) High Availability
13 12 (7.10%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 117 (69.23%) Java
2 54 (31.95%) SQL
3 45 (26.63%) Python
4 42 (24.85%) JavaScript
5 35 (20.71%) Bash Shell
6 29 (17.16%) Perl
7 26 (15.38%) Shell Script
8 21 (12.43%) Ruby
9 20 (11.83%) PowerShell
10 16 (9.47%) C++
11 15 (8.88%) PL/SQL
12 13 (7.69%) Groovy
13 10 (5.92%) PHP
14 6 (3.55%) Scala
15 5 (2.96%) C#
15 5 (2.96%) Clojure
15 5 (2.96%) ClojureScript
15 5 (2.96%) Java 8
15 5 (2.96%) T-SQL
16 4 (2.37%) VBA
Qualifications
1 41 (24.26%) Security Cleared
2 31 (18.34%) SC Cleared
3 18 (10.65%) Degree
4 9 (5.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (4.14%) DV Cleared
6 6 (3.55%) Master's Degree
7 4 (2.37%) AWS Certification
8 2 (1.18%) Network+ Certification
9 1 (0.59%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (4.73%) GDPR
1 8 (4.73%) QA
2 3 (1.78%) ISO/IEC 20000
2 3 (1.78%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.59%) Cyber Essentials
3 1 (0.59%) HIPAA
3 1 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.59%) NCSC
3 1 (0.59%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 1 (0.59%) SLA
3 1 (0.59%) WCAG
System Software
1 23 (13.61%) Docker
2 17 (10.06%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (4.73%) Active Directory
4 5 (2.96%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (2.37%) Hyper-V
6 3 (1.78%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (1.18%) Varnish
7 2 (1.18%) Xen
8 1 (0.59%) NFS
8 1 (0.59%) OpenAM
8 1 (0.59%) Postfix
8 1 (0.59%) qmail
8 1 (0.59%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 32 (18.93%) Puppet
2 21 (12.43%) Ansible
3 20 (11.83%) Opscode Chef
4 18 (10.65%) Kubernetes
5 15 (8.88%) Terraform
6 11 (6.51%) Grafana
7 9 (5.33%) Salt
8 8 (4.73%) Nagios
9 7 (4.14%) Kibana
10 5 (2.96%) ITRS Geneos
10 5 (2.96%) Tivoli
11 4 (2.37%) Prometheus
11 4 (2.37%) Single Sign-On
12 3 (1.78%) Istio
13 2 (1.18%) Data Guard
13 2 (1.18%) Hadoop YARN
13 2 (1.18%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 2 (1.18%) Oracle RMAN
13 2 (1.18%) Oracle ZFS
13 2 (1.18%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 54 (31.95%) Oracle
2 46 (27.22%) Red Hat
3 27 (15.98%) IBM
4 20 (11.83%) VMware
5 18 (10.65%) Microsoft
5 18 (10.65%) Splunk
6 9 (5.33%) MuleSoft
7 8 (4.73%) Google
8 7 (4.14%) Remedy
9 6 (3.55%) Atlassian
9 6 (3.55%) Cloudera
9 6 (3.55%) Hortonworks
9 6 (3.55%) Sparx
9 6 (3.55%) Sybase
10 5 (2.96%) Axway
10 5 (2.96%) Murex
10 5 (2.96%) Pega
10 5 (2.96%) SAP
11 4 (2.37%) BMC
11 4 (2.37%) New Relic