Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Tomcat skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Tomcat over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Tomcat
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 452 409 316
Rank change year-on-year -43 -93 -56
Contract jobs citing Tomcat 208 310 779
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.40% 0.52% 0.81%
As % of the Application Platforms category 2.91% 3.58% 5.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 104 199 561
10th Percentile £300 £349 £363
25th Percentile £400 £443 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £483 £500 £525
Median % change year-on-year -3.50% -4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £588 £600 £575
90th Percentile £627 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £489 £475
% change year-on-year -13.04% +2.89% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 5
10th Percentile £45.88 " "
25th Percentile £47.71 " £26.65
Median hourly rate £51.50 - £45.00
75th Percentile £59.50 " £50.00
90th Percentile £63.85 " £50.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £51.50 - £45.00

Tomcat is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 7,147 8,660 15,437
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.62% 14.46% 16.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,902 5,702 10,068
10th Percentile £290 £262 £281
25th Percentile £385 £363 £370
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £463 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.70% -2.63% +5.56%
75th Percentile £575 £556 £569
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £433 £425 £430
% change year-on-year +1.76% -1.16% +4.24%
Number of hourly rates quoted 174 196 291
10th Percentile £12.73 £11.61 £12.00
25th Percentile £18.25 £14.95 £12.83
Median hourly rate £25.75 £20.00 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +28.75% +11.11% +2.86%
75th Percentile £53.38 £35.75 £37.50
90th Percentile £64.05 £53.00 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £19.00 £16.81
% change year-on-year +26.32% +13.03% -3.94%

Tomcat
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Tomcat as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Tomcat.

Daily rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Tomcat over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Tomcat.

Hourly rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Tomcat over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tomcat within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -19 163 £500 - 71
UK excluding London +20 88 £425 -13.04% 49
London +2 86 £525 - 26
Work from Home -194 66 £425 -12.82% 15
North of England +45 25 £485 -24.66% 12
South East +29 20 £394 -17.11% 16
Scotland -3 17 £425 -29.17% 4
East of England +39 12 £413 -5.71% 5
North West +32 12 £495 -26.67% 9
South West +44 9 £421 -7.70% 3
Yorkshire +25 7 £575 +6.98% 1
North East +31 6 £465 -29.14% 2
Midlands +24 5 £400 -4.48% 8
West Midlands +23 4 £438 +4.48% 5

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Tomcat also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Tomcat.

1 154 (74.04%) Java
2 100 (48.08%) Linux
3 84 (40.38%) Apache
4 79 (37.98%) Git (software)
5 77 (37.02%) Jenkins
6 69 (33.17%) Spring
7 68 (32.69%) Oracle
8 63 (30.29%) Agile Software Development
9 62 (29.81%) WebSphere
10 60 (28.85%) AWS
10 60 (28.85%) SQL
10 60 (28.85%) JavaScript
11 55 (26.44%) DevOps
12 51 (24.52%) Windows
13 48 (23.08%) JBoss
13 48 (23.08%) Unix
14 43 (20.67%) Continuous Integration
14 43 (20.67%) Puppet
15 42 (20.19%) Python
16 40 (19.23%) Maven
16 40 (19.23%) Kubernetes
17 39 (18.75%) Docker
17 39 (18.75%) Finance
17 39 (18.75%) REST
18 38 (18.27%) RESTful
19 37 (17.79%) Scrum
20 36 (17.31%) Web Services
20 36 (17.31%) WebSphere Application Server
20 36 (17.31%) JIRA
21 34 (16.35%) Node.js

Tomcat
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 84 (40.38%) Apache
2 62 (29.81%) WebSphere
3 48 (23.08%) JBoss
4 36 (17.31%) WebSphere Application Server
5 27 (12.98%) Jetty
6 25 (12.02%) WebLogic
7 21 (10.10%) IIS
8 19 (9.13%) nginx
9 14 (6.73%) Confluence
9 14 (6.73%) Elasticsearch
10 13 (6.25%) Cloud Foundry
11 10 (4.81%) Apache Solr
12 8 (3.85%) Red Hat Fuse
13 7 (3.37%) Apache ServiceMix
13 7 (3.37%) IBM Domino
14 5 (2.40%) Apache Qpid
14 5 (2.40%) GeoServer
14 5 (2.40%) MQSeries
14 5 (2.40%) Oracle HTTP Server
15 4 (1.92%) Mongrel
Applications
1 9 (4.33%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.96%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (4.81%) Magento
2 7 (3.37%) Shopify
3 4 (1.92%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 3 (1.44%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.96%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.96%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.96%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.96%) Summit
6 1 (0.48%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 60 (28.85%) AWS
2 33 (15.87%) Azure
3 16 (7.69%) GCP
4 14 (6.73%) GitHub
5 12 (5.77%) AWS Lambda
5 12 (5.77%) Serverless
6 9 (4.33%) Cloud Computing
7 7 (3.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 7 (3.37%) OpenShift
7 7 (3.37%) PaaS
8 6 (2.88%) Amazon EC2
9 5 (2.40%) AWS CloudFormation
10 4 (1.92%) Amazon S3
10 4 (1.92%) AWS CodePipeline
10 4 (1.92%) Google App Engine
11 3 (1.44%) Amazon ECS
11 3 (1.44%) Amazon EKS
11 3 (1.44%) Google Analytics
11 3 (1.44%) IaaS
11 3 (1.44%) SpeedCurve
Communications & Networking
1 30 (14.42%) HTTP
2 27 (12.98%) SSL
3 18 (8.65%) Firewall
4 17 (8.17%) DNS
5 15 (7.21%) TCP/IP
6 14 (6.73%) FTP
7 12 (5.77%) SSH
8 7 (3.37%) SAN
9 5 (2.40%) DHCP
9 5 (2.40%) iSCSI
9 5 (2.40%) NAS
9 5 (2.40%) WAN
10 4 (1.92%) Cisco Nexus
10 4 (1.92%) FCoE
10 4 (1.92%) Fibre Channel
10 4 (1.92%) HTTPS
10 4 (1.92%) IPsec
10 4 (1.92%) LAN
10 4 (1.92%) Multicast
11 3 (1.44%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (15.87%) MySQL
2 30 (14.42%) SQL Server
3 28 (13.46%) MongoDB
3 28 (13.46%) PostgreSQL
4 18 (8.65%) NoSQL
4 18 (8.65%) Relational Database
5 16 (7.69%) Oracle Database
6 13 (6.25%) Apache Cassandra
7 12 (5.77%) Hadoop
8 10 (4.81%) DB2
9 9 (4.33%) RDBMS
10 6 (2.88%) Redis
11 5 (2.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 4 (1.92%) HBase
13 3 (1.44%) Amazon Aurora
13 3 (1.44%) Data Warehouse
13 3 (1.44%) DbVisualizer
13 3 (1.44%) InterSystems Cache
13 3 (1.44%) Riak
14 2 (0.96%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 79 (37.98%) Git (software)
2 77 (37.02%) Jenkins
3 40 (19.23%) Maven
4 36 (17.31%) JIRA
5 29 (13.94%) JUnit
6 24 (11.54%) Subversion
7 22 (10.58%) Cucumber
8 16 (7.69%) Mockito
9 15 (7.21%) Gradle
10 11 (5.29%) Ant
10 11 (5.29%) Artifactory
10 11 (5.29%) Eclipse
10 11 (5.29%) SonarQube
11 10 (4.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 10 (4.81%) Selenium
12 9 (4.33%) Bitbucket
13 8 (3.85%) IntelliJ
13 8 (3.85%) Sonatype Nexus
14 6 (2.88%) FishEye
15 5 (2.40%) Mercurial
General
1 39 (18.75%) Finance
2 18 (8.65%) Public Sector
3 15 (7.21%) Banking
4 7 (3.37%) Retail
5 4 (1.92%) Legal
6 2 (0.96%) Investment Banking
7 1 (0.48%) Billing
7 1 (0.48%) Front Office
7 1 (0.48%) Games
7 1 (0.48%) Local Government
7 1 (0.48%) Military
7 1 (0.48%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 75 (36.06%) Developer
2 48 (23.08%) Java Developer
3 34 (16.35%) Architect
4 24 (11.54%) DevOps Engineer
5 13 (6.25%) Administrator
6 11 (5.29%) Full Stack Developer
6 11 (5.29%) Senior Developer
6 11 (5.29%) Solutions Architect
6 11 (5.29%) Technical Architect
7 9 (4.33%) Consultant
8 8 (3.85%) Senior Java Developer
9 5 (2.40%) AWS Developer
9 5 (2.40%) Lead Developer
9 5 (2.40%) Middleware Engineer
10 4 (1.92%) AWS Architect
10 4 (1.92%) Cloud Engineer
10 4 (1.92%) Credit Risk Java Developer
10 4 (1.92%) Lead DevOps Engineer
10 4 (1.92%) Pega Developer
10 4 (1.92%) Performance Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (33.17%) Spring
2 39 (18.75%) REST
3 38 (18.27%) RESTful
4 36 (17.31%) Web Services
5 34 (16.35%) HTML
5 34 (16.35%) Node.js
6 33 (15.87%) Hibernate
7 29 (13.94%) XML
8 28 (13.46%) Middleware
9 26 (12.50%) AngularJS
9 26 (12.50%) J2EE
10 23 (11.06%) Spring Boot
11 22 (10.58%) CSS
11 22 (10.58%) JSON
12 20 (9.62%) jQuery
13 19 (9.13%) SOAP
14 17 (8.17%) .NET
14 17 (8.17%) JMS
15 16 (7.69%) React
15 16 (7.69%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 22 (10.58%) Analytical Skills
2 21 (10.10%) Enterprise Software
3 14 (6.73%) Management Information System
4 13 (6.25%) Self-Motivation
5 8 (3.85%) User Experience
6 7 (3.37%) Algorithms
6 7 (3.37%) Clustering
7 6 (2.88%) Data Structures
7 6 (2.88%) N-Tier
7 6 (2.88%) PKI
8 5 (2.40%) Credit Risk
8 5 (2.40%) Mobile App
9 4 (1.92%) Data Centre
9 4 (1.92%) DataPower
9 4 (1.92%) Derivative
9 4 (1.92%) NHS
9 4 (1.92%) Public Cloud
10 3 (1.44%) FMCG
10 3 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
11 2 (0.96%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 100 (48.08%) Linux
2 51 (24.52%) Windows
3 48 (23.08%) Unix
4 17 (8.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 13 (6.25%) Ubuntu
6 12 (5.77%) Windows Server
7 10 (4.81%) Solaris
8 8 (3.85%) CentOS
9 6 (2.88%) Debian
9 6 (2.88%) Oracle Linux
10 4 (1.92%) Android
10 4 (1.92%) Apple iOS
10 4 (1.92%) Mac OS X
10 4 (1.92%) VMS
10 4 (1.92%) Windows Server 2016
11 3 (1.44%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.96%) Amazon Linux
13 1 (0.48%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 63 (30.29%) Agile Software Development
2 55 (26.44%) DevOps
3 43 (20.67%) Continuous Integration
4 37 (17.79%) Scrum
5 33 (15.87%) Microservices
6 28 (13.46%) Configuration Management
7 27 (12.98%) Continuous Delivery
7 27 (12.98%) Software Engineering
8 26 (12.50%) TDD
9 25 (12.02%) Open Source
9 25 (12.02%) Problem-Solving
9 25 (12.02%) Unit Testing
10 21 (10.10%) ITIL
11 19 (9.13%) BDD
12 17 (8.17%) Deployment Automation
12 17 (8.17%) Migration
12 17 (8.17%) MVC
13 16 (7.69%) Test Automation
14 14 (6.73%) Concurrent Programming
14 14 (6.73%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 154 (74.04%) Java
2 60 (28.85%) JavaScript
2 60 (28.85%) SQL
3 42 (20.19%) Python
4 31 (14.90%) Shell Script
5 28 (13.46%) Perl
6 21 (10.10%) Bash Shell
7 19 (9.13%) PHP
8 18 (8.65%) Java 8
9 17 (8.17%) Groovy
10 14 (6.73%) PL/SQL
10 14 (6.73%) PowerShell
11 11 (5.29%) C++
11 11 (5.29%) Ruby
12 10 (4.81%) Go
12 10 (4.81%) Scala
12 10 (4.81%) TypeScript
13 5 (2.40%) C
13 5 (2.40%) XPath
14 4 (1.92%) C#
Qualifications
1 32 (15.38%) Security Cleared
2 22 (10.58%) SC Cleared
3 10 (4.81%) Degree
4 8 (3.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (3.37%) DV Cleared
6 5 (2.40%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.48%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.48%) CCNA
7 1 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.48%) ITIL Certification
7 1 (0.48%) MCSA
7 1 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.48%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (1.44%) ISO/IEC 20000
1 3 (1.44%) PCI DSS
1 3 (1.44%) QA
2 2 (0.96%) GDPR
3 1 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.48%) SLA
System Software
1 39 (18.75%) Docker
2 21 (10.10%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (3.85%) Active Directory
3 8 (3.85%) Hyper-V
3 8 (3.85%) Xen
4 7 (3.37%) Postfix
4 7 (3.37%) qmail
4 7 (3.37%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (1.92%) KVM
5 4 (1.92%) NFS
5 4 (1.92%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (1.92%) SRDF
6 3 (1.44%) OpenAM
7 2 (0.96%) OpenDJ
7 2 (0.96%) OpenIDM
7 2 (0.96%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.48%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 43 (20.67%) Puppet
2 40 (19.23%) Kubernetes
3 30 (14.42%) Ansible
4 23 (11.06%) Terraform
5 18 (8.65%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (4.81%) Grafana
6 10 (4.81%) Salt
7 6 (2.88%) Nagios
8 5 (2.40%) Prometheus
9 3 (1.44%) Istio
9 3 (1.44%) Kibana
9 3 (1.44%) Single Sign-On
9 3 (1.44%) vCenter Server
10 2 (0.96%) CA Single Sign-On
10 2 (0.96%) Hadoop YARN
10 2 (0.96%) Oracle ZFS
10 2 (0.96%) Rancher
10 2 (0.96%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 2 (0.96%) yum
11 1 (0.48%) Packer
Vendors
1 68 (32.69%) Oracle
2 33 (15.87%) Microsoft
3 27 (12.98%) VMware
4 26 (12.50%) Red Hat
5 24 (11.54%) IBM
6 18 (8.65%) Google
7 13 (6.25%) MuleSoft
8 11 (5.29%) Dynatrace
8 11 (5.29%) Splunk
8 11 (5.29%) Sybase
9 10 (4.81%) Cisco
9 10 (4.81%) New Relic
10 7 (3.37%) Xerox
11 6 (2.88%) AppDynamics
11 6 (2.88%) Atlassian
11 6 (2.88%) Pega
11 6 (2.88%) Remedy
12 5 (2.40%) Cloudera
12 5 (2.40%) Hortonworks
12 5 (2.40%) NetApp