Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Tomcat skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Tomcat over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Tomcat
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 445 255 223
Rank change year-on-year -190 -32 -17
Contract jobs citing Tomcat 380 1,075 1,202
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.45% 1.04% 1.20%
As % of the Application Platforms category 3.01% 6.19% 7.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 232 761 876
UK median daily rate £475 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £318
90th Percentile £660 £608 £586
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% -5.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 14 8
UK median hourly rate £44.34 £42.50 £42.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.32% -0.58% +6.88%
10th Percentile £39.38 £37.45 £35.00
90th Percentile £51.63 £49.20 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.34 £42.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year +4.32% -1.16% +7.50%

Tomcat is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 12,627 17,366 16,763
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.91% 16.79% 16.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,147 11,309 10,969
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.12% +5.95%
10th Percentile £263 £270 £263
90th Percentile £626 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 322 411 415
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £21.25 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £12.00 £11.00
90th Percentile £50.23 £50.00 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.98 £21.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -0.11% +5.00% -2.44%

Tomcat
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Tomcat as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Tomcat.

Contractor daily rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tomcat over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tomcat.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Tomcat over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tomcat within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -201 333 £475 -5.00% 148
UK excluding London -115 261 £450 +5.88% 96
London -165 113 £500 -4.76% 62
South East -38 95 £450 -10.00% 36
South West -50 46 £450 +5.88% 9
North of England -16 44 £479 +16.06% 27
Wales +34 20 £450 -2.70% 1
North West +15 20 £448 +8.48% 13
East of England -18 19 £450 - 7
Scotland -23 19 £400 -1.54% 9
Midlands -8 17 £625 +51.52% 7
North East 0 13 £500 +25.00% 4
Yorkshire +6 11 £450 +5.88% 10
East Midlands +3 9 - - 2
West Midlands -2 8 £625 +63.19% 5
Northern Ireland - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Tomcat also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Tomcat.

1 269 (70.79%) Java
2 205 (53.95%) Linux
3 169 (44.47%) Agile Software Development
4 159 (41.84%) Jenkins
5 148 (38.95%) Apache
6 132 (34.74%) DevOps
7 125 (32.89%) Spring
8 124 (32.63%) Git (software)
9 118 (31.05%) Maven
10 115 (30.26%) Oracle
11 113 (29.74%) AWS
12 112 (29.47%) Python
13 106 (27.89%) SQL
14 98 (25.79%) JavaScript
14 98 (25.79%) Ansible
15 93 (24.47%) JBoss
16 92 (24.21%) Docker
17 87 (22.89%) XML
17 87 (22.89%) JUnit
18 85 (22.37%) Windows
19 83 (21.84%) Puppet
20 81 (21.32%) Continuous Integration
21 79 (20.79%) Test Automation
21 79 (20.79%) WebLogic
22 78 (20.53%) Scrum
23 73 (19.21%) nginx
24 72 (18.95%) HTML
25 71 (18.68%) MySQL
25 71 (18.68%) Web Services
25 71 (18.68%) Finance

Tomcat
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 148 (38.95%) Apache
2 93 (24.47%) JBoss
3 79 (20.79%) WebLogic
4 73 (19.21%) nginx
5 65 (17.11%) WebSphere
6 50 (13.16%) Jetty
7 41 (10.79%) Confluence
8 35 (9.21%) IIS
9 17 (4.47%) Elasticsearch
9 17 (4.47%) WebSphere Application Server
10 16 (4.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 11 (2.89%) Mongrel
12 10 (2.63%) GeoServer
13 9 (2.37%) Apache Spark
14 8 (2.11%) Cloud Foundry
15 7 (1.84%) WildFly
16 6 (1.58%) CMS
16 6 (1.58%) Oracle Self-Service HR
17 4 (1.05%) GemFire
18 3 (0.79%) Apache Qpid
Applications
1 8 (2.11%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.58%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.79%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 14 (3.68%) Oracle BPM
2 9 (2.37%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.79%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.53%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.53%) CSG Singleview
4 2 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.53%) Magento
4 2 (0.53%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.53%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.53%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.53%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.53%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.26%) Oracle Retail
5 1 (0.26%) SAP BPC
5 1 (0.26%) SAP CAR
5 1 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 113 (29.74%) AWS
2 69 (18.16%) Azure
3 37 (9.74%) GitHub
4 29 (7.63%) Amazon EC2
5 28 (7.37%) GCP
5 28 (7.37%) OpenShift
6 17 (4.47%) Apigee
6 17 (4.47%) SaaS
7 14 (3.68%) Google Analytics
8 12 (3.16%) PaaS
9 10 (2.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 8 (2.11%) AWS CloudFormation
10 8 (2.11%) Google App Engine
11 7 (1.84%) Amazon S3
12 6 (1.58%) IaaS
13 5 (1.32%) Amazon EKS
13 5 (1.32%) BrowserStack
13 5 (1.32%) Serverless
14 4 (1.05%) Amazon ECS
14 4 (1.05%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 52 (13.68%) HTTP
2 34 (8.95%) SSL
2 34 (8.95%) TCP/IP
3 24 (6.32%) DNS
4 17 (4.47%) DHCP
5 12 (3.16%) Firewall
5 12 (3.16%) FTP
5 12 (3.16%) IPsec
6 11 (2.89%) Internet
6 11 (2.89%) SSH
7 8 (2.11%) Broadband
8 7 (1.84%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
8 7 (1.84%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
9 6 (1.58%) VLAN
10 5 (1.32%) Cisco IOS
10 5 (1.32%) HTTPS
10 5 (1.32%) OpenLDAP
11 4 (1.05%) BIG-IP
11 4 (1.05%) DSL
12 3 (0.79%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 71 (18.68%) MySQL
2 62 (16.32%) PostgreSQL
3 58 (15.26%) SQL Server
4 51 (13.42%) Oracle Database
5 36 (9.47%) Relational Database
6 35 (9.21%) MongoDB
6 35 (9.21%) NoSQL
7 29 (7.63%) Hadoop
8 20 (5.26%) RDBMS
9 18 (4.74%) Oracle Database 12c
10 16 (4.21%) DB2
11 14 (3.68%) Redis
12 11 (2.89%) BigQuery
13 10 (2.63%) Big Data
13 10 (2.63%) GIS
14 8 (2.11%) Data Warehouse
14 8 (2.11%) Oracle Database 11g
15 7 (1.84%) Apache Cassandra
15 7 (1.84%) MariaDB
15 7 (1.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 159 (41.84%) Jenkins
2 124 (32.63%) Git (software)
3 118 (31.05%) Maven
4 87 (22.89%) JUnit
5 64 (16.84%) JIRA
6 54 (14.21%) Selenium
7 52 (13.68%) Cucumber
8 51 (13.42%) Ant
9 42 (11.05%) Mockito
9 42 (11.05%) Subversion
10 38 (10.00%) Eclipse
11 34 (8.95%) Gradle
12 29 (7.63%) IntelliJ
13 25 (6.58%) SonarQube
14 21 (5.53%) Sonatype Nexus
15 20 (5.26%) Mercurial
16 19 (5.00%) GitLab
16 19 (5.00%) JMeter
17 17 (4.47%) Bitbucket
18 14 (3.68%) gulp
General
1 71 (18.68%) Finance
2 28 (7.37%) Public Sector
3 23 (6.05%) Banking
4 18 (4.74%) Telecoms
5 12 (3.16%) Publishing
6 10 (2.63%) Games
7 9 (2.37%) Marketing
8 7 (1.84%) Manufacturing
8 7 (1.84%) Retail
9 5 (1.32%) Electronics
10 2 (0.53%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.53%) Legal
11 1 (0.26%) Advertising
11 1 (0.26%) Front Office
11 1 (0.26%) German Language
Job Titles
1 162 (42.63%) Developer
2 99 (26.05%) Java Developer
3 51 (13.42%) DevOps Engineer
4 21 (5.53%) Architect
5 19 (5.00%) Consultant
5 19 (5.00%) Senior Developer
6 15 (3.95%) Administrator
7 14 (3.68%) Linux Engineer
7 14 (3.68%) Middleware Engineer
8 13 (3.42%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 12 (3.16%) Java Engineer
10 11 (2.89%) Analyst
10 11 (2.89%) Lead Developer
11 10 (2.63%) Full Stack Developer
12 9 (2.37%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 9 (2.37%) Lead Java Developer
12 9 (2.37%) Scala Developer
12 9 (2.37%) Senior Java Developer
12 9 (2.37%) Software Engineer
12 9 (2.37%) WebSphere Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 125 (32.89%) Spring
2 87 (22.89%) XML
3 72 (18.95%) HTML
4 71 (18.68%) Web Services
5 63 (16.58%) Hibernate
6 60 (15.79%) J2EE
7 57 (15.00%) AngularJS
8 55 (14.47%) REST
9 53 (13.95%) JSON
9 53 (13.95%) SOAP
10 51 (13.42%) CSS
11 47 (12.37%) jQuery
12 45 (11.84%) Middleware
13 41 (10.79%) Spring Boot
14 38 (10.00%) Servlets
15 37 (9.74%) RabbitMQ
15 37 (9.74%) RESTful
16 36 (9.47%) JSP
17 35 (9.21%) Node.js
18 34 (8.95%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 20 (5.26%) Analytical Skills
2 16 (4.21%) Linux Command Line
3 14 (3.68%) Enterprise Software
4 13 (3.42%) Data Centre
4 13 (3.42%) Public Cloud
5 12 (3.16%) Derivative
5 12 (3.16%) Mobile App
6 9 (2.37%) Data Structures
6 9 (2.37%) User Experience
7 8 (2.11%) Clustering
8 6 (1.58%) iPad
9 5 (1.32%) Mainframe
9 5 (1.32%) Management Information System
10 4 (1.05%) PKI
10 4 (1.05%) Replication
11 3 (0.79%) IVR
11 3 (0.79%) Mashup
11 3 (0.79%) SCADA
11 3 (0.79%) Self-Motivation
11 3 (0.79%) VUI
Operating Systems
1 205 (53.95%) Linux
2 85 (22.37%) Windows
3 66 (17.37%) Unix
4 64 (16.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 43 (11.32%) CentOS
5 43 (11.32%) Ubuntu
6 19 (5.00%) Debian
7 16 (4.21%) Windows Server
8 11 (2.89%) Apple iOS
9 10 (2.63%) Android
10 8 (2.11%) Mac OS X
10 8 (2.11%) Solaris
11 7 (1.84%) Oracle Linux
12 4 (1.05%) AIX
12 4 (1.05%) HPUX
13 3 (0.79%) VMS
13 3 (0.79%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.53%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.53%) Windows 7
14 2 (0.53%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 169 (44.47%) Agile Software Development
2 132 (34.74%) DevOps
3 81 (21.32%) Continuous Integration
4 79 (20.79%) Test Automation
5 78 (20.53%) Scrum
6 66 (17.37%) Microservices
7 64 (16.84%) Configuration Management
8 56 (14.74%) TDD
9 55 (14.47%) Open Source
10 49 (12.89%) Kanban
11 41 (10.79%) BDD
12 31 (8.16%) Continuous Delivery
12 31 (8.16%) Software Engineering
13 30 (7.89%) Problem-Solving
14 26 (6.84%) Analytics
14 26 (6.84%) Migration
15 22 (5.79%) Deployment Automation
15 22 (5.79%) ITIL
15 22 (5.79%) MVC
15 22 (5.79%) OO
Programming Languages
1 269 (70.79%) Java
2 112 (29.47%) Python
3 106 (27.89%) SQL
4 98 (25.79%) JavaScript
5 61 (16.05%) Perl
6 49 (12.89%) Bash Shell
7 34 (8.95%) Groovy
7 34 (8.95%) Ruby
7 34 (8.95%) Shell Script
8 31 (8.16%) PowerShell
9 29 (7.63%) PHP
10 27 (7.11%) C++
11 26 (6.84%) PL/SQL
12 18 (4.74%) C#
12 18 (4.74%) Scala
13 17 (4.47%) Java 8
14 13 (3.42%) T-SQL
15 11 (2.89%) Haskell
16 9 (2.37%) Objective-C
17 6 (1.58%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 57 (15.00%) Security Cleared
2 34 (8.95%) SC Cleared
3 22 (5.79%) Degree
4 13 (3.42%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (2.37%) DV Cleared
6 5 (1.32%) ISEB
6 5 (1.32%) ISTQB
6 5 (1.32%) OCPJP
7 4 (1.05%) Microsoft Certification
7 4 (1.05%) Sun Certification
8 3 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.79%) ITIL Certification
8 3 (0.79%) MCSA
9 2 (0.53%) CCNA
9 2 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.53%) RHCE
9 2 (0.53%) RHCSA
10 1 (0.26%) CCIE
10 1 (0.26%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.26%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (4.74%) QA
2 3 (0.79%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.53%) GDPR
3 2 (0.53%) HL7
4 1 (0.26%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.26%) PSD2
System Software
1 92 (24.21%) Docker
2 36 (9.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (6.84%) Active Directory
4 18 (4.74%) vSphere
5 17 (4.47%) Virtual Machines
6 12 (3.16%) Xen
7 9 (2.37%) LXC
8 8 (2.11%) VMware ESXi
9 7 (1.84%) VirtualBox
10 5 (1.32%) NFS
11 4 (1.05%) RACF
11 4 (1.05%) Samba
11 4 (1.05%) VMware Workstation
12 3 (0.79%) Firmware
12 3 (0.79%) Hyper-V
12 3 (0.79%) VMware Server
13 2 (0.53%) HDFS
13 2 (0.53%) ISA Server
13 2 (0.53%) PowerDNS
13 2 (0.53%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 98 (25.79%) Ansible
2 83 (21.84%) Puppet
3 58 (15.26%) Kubernetes
4 46 (12.11%) Opscode Chef
5 44 (11.58%) Terraform
6 27 (7.11%) Grafana
7 21 (5.53%) Nagios
8 20 (5.26%) Kibana
9 12 (3.16%) Single Sign-On
10 11 (2.89%) logstash
11 10 (2.63%) Cobbler
12 8 (2.11%) Packer
12 8 (2.11%) ZABBIX
13 7 (1.84%) Consul
13 7 (1.84%) Docker Swarm
13 7 (1.84%) Salt
14 6 (1.58%) Rundeck
15 5 (1.32%) Oracle Identity Manager
15 5 (1.32%) vCenter Server
15 5 (1.32%) WSUS
Vendors
1 115 (30.26%) Oracle
2 67 (17.63%) Red Hat
3 60 (15.79%) VMware
4 45 (11.84%) Google
5 33 (8.68%) Microsoft
6 26 (6.84%) IBM
7 14 (3.68%) Cloudera
7 14 (3.68%) Splunk
8 13 (3.42%) Atlassian
8 13 (3.42%) SAP
9 12 (3.16%) Adobe
9 12 (3.16%) Cisco
10 11 (2.89%) F5
11 8 (2.11%) McAfee
11 8 (2.11%) webMethods
12 6 (1.58%) CA
12 6 (1.58%) Hortonworks
12 6 (1.58%) NetIQ
12 6 (1.58%) Sun
12 6 (1.58%) Sybase