Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Tomcat skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Tomcat over the 6 months to 17 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Tomcat
UK
6 months to
17 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 548 460 384
Rank change year-on-year -88 -76 -4
Contract jobs citing Tomcat 289 220 287
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.33% 0.39% 0.58%
As % of the Application Platforms category 2.68% 2.86% 3.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 183 117 175
10th Percentile £340 £315 £319
25th Percentile £459 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £495 £488
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +1.54% -4.88%
75th Percentile £638 £575 £575
90th Percentile £728 £626 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +16.67% -5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 0
Median hourly rate - £51.50 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £51.50 -

Tomcat is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 10,782 7,679 7,245
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.33% 13.47% 14.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,383 5,227 4,805
10th Percentile £319 £300 £269
25th Percentile £420 £400 £368
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £473
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +0.53% -0.53%
75th Percentile £631 £575 £563
90th Percentile £725 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £440 £441
% change year-on-year +7.95% -0.11% +1.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 175 165 162
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.25 £12.66
25th Percentile £17.50 £16.25 £15.13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.50 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +37.25% +27.50% +14.29%
75th Percentile £58.35 £56.00 £35.75
90th Percentile £75.00 £65.52 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.00 £24.25 £19.00
% change year-on-year -9.28% +27.63% +18.75%

Tomcat
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Tomcat as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Tomcat.

Daily rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Tomcat over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Tomcat.

Hourly rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tomcat within the UK over the 6 months to 17 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -94 231 £563 +12.50% 55
Work from Home -100 129 £550 +18.92% 22
London -106 126 £590 +13.46% 33
UK excluding London -45 92 £525 +16.67% 21
South East -2 53 £550 +31.34% 7
South West -26 15 £525 +24.67% 1
Scotland -18 8 £456 +7.35%
Wales - 6 £525 -
North of England -65 4 £430 -13.13% 4
Yorkshire -33 3 £510 +70.00% 1
East of England -39 3 £350 -15.15% 3
West Midlands -41 3 £450 -5.26% 4
Midlands -43 3 £450 +2.86% 6
North West -50 1 £350 -29.29% 3

For the 6 months to 17 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Tomcat also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Tomcat.

1 180 (62.28%) Java
2 139 (48.10%) Linux
3 115 (39.79%) Agile
4 102 (35.29%) DevOps
5 100 (34.60%) Apache
6 96 (33.22%) SQL
7 92 (31.83%) Spring
8 87 (30.10%) Social Skills
9 85 (29.41%) Unix
10 80 (27.68%) Oracle
11 78 (26.99%) Git (software)
12 75 (25.95%) Windows
12 75 (25.95%) Ansible
13 74 (25.61%) REST
14 72 (24.91%) AWS
15 70 (24.22%) WebSphere
15 70 (24.22%) JavaScript
16 65 (22.49%) Kubernetes
17 63 (21.80%) Docker
18 62 (21.45%) Jenkins
19 61 (21.11%) HTML
20 59 (20.42%) J2EE
21 56 (19.38%) Security Cleared
22 54 (18.69%) Azure
22 54 (18.69%) JBoss
23 53 (18.34%) Microservices
24 52 (17.99%) Finance
24 52 (17.99%) Scrum
25 51 (17.65%) Middleware
25 51 (17.65%) SOAP

Tomcat
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 100 (34.60%) Apache
2 70 (24.22%) WebSphere
3 54 (18.69%) JBoss
4 48 (16.61%) IIS
4 48 (16.61%) WebSphere Application Server
5 36 (12.46%) WebLogic
6 24 (8.30%) Confluence
7 19 (6.57%) IBM HTTP Server
8 18 (6.23%) Apache Qpid
9 10 (3.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 9 (3.11%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 8 (2.77%) Jetty
11 8 (2.77%) WebSphere Process Server
12 7 (2.42%) nginx
13 6 (2.08%) BizTalk Server
13 6 (2.08%) Elasticsearch
14 5 (1.73%) Apache Spark
14 5 (1.73%) Red Hat Fuse
14 5 (1.73%) SharePoint
15 4 (1.38%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 26 (9.00%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (2.42%) MS Visio
3 3 (1.04%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.69%) Notepad++
5 1 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (2.08%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (1.73%) WebTrends
3 3 (1.04%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (1.04%) SDL Web 8
4 2 (0.69%) CA PPM
5 1 (0.35%) OpenText VIM for SAP
5 1 (0.35%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.35%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.35%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 72 (24.91%) AWS
2 54 (18.69%) Azure
3 21 (7.27%) OpenShift
4 15 (5.19%) PaaS
5 14 (4.84%) Amazon EC2
6 13 (4.50%) GCP
7 11 (3.81%) Amazon S3
7 11 (3.81%) GitHub
7 11 (3.81%) IaaS
8 9 (3.11%) Apigee
8 9 (3.11%) AWS CloudFormation
9 7 (2.42%) Amazon ECS
10 6 (2.08%) AWS Fargate
10 6 (2.08%) Cloud Computing
11 5 (1.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 5 (1.73%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 5 (1.73%) Microsoft 365
12 3 (1.04%) Amazon EKS
12 3 (1.04%) AWS Direct Connect
12 3 (1.04%) Logz.io
Communications & Networking
1 43 (14.88%) HTTP
2 26 (9.00%) SSL
3 12 (4.15%) Firewall
4 11 (3.81%) DNS
5 9 (3.11%) FTP
6 8 (2.77%) Internet
6 8 (2.77%) SAN
7 7 (2.42%) WAN
8 6 (2.08%) TCP/IP
9 5 (1.73%) iSCSI
9 5 (1.73%) Kerberos
9 5 (1.73%) NAS
10 4 (1.38%) NetScaler
11 3 (1.04%) LAN
11 3 (1.04%) Network Security
11 3 (1.04%) OpenLDAP
11 3 (1.04%) PuTTY
12 2 (0.69%) DHCP
12 2 (0.69%) Fibre Channel
12 2 (0.69%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (12.80%) Oracle Database
2 27 (9.34%) MySQL
3 26 (9.00%) PostgreSQL
4 22 (7.61%) SQL Server
5 21 (7.27%) NoSQL
6 20 (6.92%) Relational Database
7 14 (4.84%) Big Data
8 13 (4.50%) MongoDB
9 10 (3.46%) Hadoop
10 9 (3.11%) Data Warehouse
11 7 (2.42%) Redis
12 6 (2.08%) Amazon RDS
12 6 (2.08%) DB2
12 6 (2.08%) OLAP
12 6 (2.08%) Oracle Database 11g
13 5 (1.73%) Cloudera CDH
13 5 (1.73%) Oracle Database 10g
14 4 (1.38%) Apache Hive
14 4 (1.38%) HBase
14 4 (1.38%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 78 (26.99%) Git (software)
2 62 (21.45%) Jenkins
3 48 (16.61%) Maven
4 44 (15.22%) JIRA
5 34 (11.76%) Eclipse
6 26 (9.00%) JUnit
7 23 (7.96%) Bitbucket
8 22 (7.61%) Mockito
9 21 (7.27%) GitLab
10 19 (6.57%) Subversion
11 15 (5.19%) Gradle
11 15 (5.19%) SonarQube
12 14 (4.84%) git-flow
12 14 (4.84%) IntelliJ
13 11 (3.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 11 (3.81%) TeamCity
14 10 (3.46%) Sonatype Nexus
15 9 (3.11%) ClearCase
15 9 (3.11%) Postman
16 8 (2.77%) ClearQuest
General
1 87 (30.10%) Social Skills
2 52 (17.99%) Finance
3 31 (10.73%) Banking
4 30 (10.38%) Analytical Skills
5 15 (5.19%) Public Sector
6 10 (3.46%) Legal
7 9 (3.11%) Financial Institution
8 8 (2.77%) Documentation Skills
9 7 (2.42%) Investment Banking
9 7 (2.42%) Presentation Skills
10 5 (1.73%) Law
11 3 (1.04%) Organisational Skills
12 2 (0.69%) Influencing Skills
12 2 (0.69%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.35%) Back Office
13 1 (0.35%) Billing
13 1 (0.35%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 80 (27.68%) Developer
2 45 (15.57%) Java Developer
3 31 (10.73%) Architect
4 30 (10.38%) DevOps Engineer
5 14 (4.84%) Server Engineer
6 12 (4.15%) Java Engineer
7 11 (3.81%) SC Cleared Java Developer
7 11 (3.81%) WebSphere Specialist
8 9 (3.11%) Citrix Engineer
8 9 (3.11%) Citrix Server Engineer
8 9 (3.11%) Full Stack Developer
8 9 (3.11%) Middleware Engineer
8 9 (3.11%) Solutions Architect
8 9 (3.11%) Technical Leader
9 8 (2.77%) Applications Specialist
9 8 (2.77%) Software Engineer
9 8 (2.77%) WebSphere Engineer
10 7 (2.42%) Consultant
10 7 (2.42%) Linux Engineer
10 7 (2.42%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 92 (31.83%) Spring
2 74 (25.61%) REST
3 61 (21.11%) HTML
4 59 (20.42%) J2EE
5 51 (17.65%) Middleware
5 51 (17.65%) SOAP
6 48 (16.61%) Web Services
7 44 (15.22%) Hibernate
7 44 (15.22%) Spring Boot
8 39 (13.49%) CSS
9 37 (12.80%) XML
10 36 (12.46%) RESTful
11 32 (11.07%) React
12 30 (10.38%) AngularJS
13 29 (10.03%) JSON
13 29 (10.03%) JSP
14 26 (9.00%) WebSphere MQ
15 24 (8.30%) Kafka
16 23 (7.96%) RabbitMQ
17 20 (6.92%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 26 (9.00%) Data Centre
2 22 (7.61%) Clustering
2 22 (7.61%) Data Structures
3 21 (7.27%) Public Cloud
4 15 (5.19%) Self-Motivation
5 13 (4.50%) Algorithms
6 12 (4.15%) Cloud Native
6 12 (4.15%) Replication
7 11 (3.81%) User Experience
8 9 (3.11%) Hedge funds
8 9 (3.11%) Virtual Team
9 8 (2.77%) Enterprise Software
10 6 (2.08%) Mobile App
11 5 (1.73%) Credit Risk
11 5 (1.73%) DataPower
12 4 (1.38%) Derivative
12 4 (1.38%) PKI
13 3 (1.04%) Driving Licence
13 3 (1.04%) Private Cloud
13 3 (1.04%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 139 (48.10%) Linux
2 85 (29.41%) Unix
3 75 (25.95%) Windows
4 36 (12.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 18 (6.23%) Ubuntu
6 10 (3.46%) CentOS
7 9 (3.11%) Windows Server
8 8 (2.77%) Solaris
9 7 (2.42%) Debian
10 6 (2.08%) Mac OS X
10 6 (2.08%) Oracle Linux
10 6 (2.08%) Windows Server 2012
10 6 (2.08%) Windows Server 2016
11 5 (1.73%) SUSE
11 5 (1.73%) Windows 10
11 5 (1.73%) Windows Server 2019
12 4 (1.38%) AIX
12 4 (1.38%) Windows Server 2008
13 3 (1.04%) Amazon Linux
13 3 (1.04%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 115 (39.79%) Agile
2 102 (35.29%) DevOps
3 53 (18.34%) Microservices
4 52 (17.99%) Scrum
5 48 (16.61%) ITIL
6 45 (15.57%) Problem-Solving
7 38 (13.15%) CI/CD
8 33 (11.42%) Kanban
9 30 (10.38%) Test Automation
10 29 (10.03%) Continuous Integration
11 28 (9.69%) Migration
12 23 (7.96%) TDD
13 21 (7.27%) Open Source
13 21 (7.27%) Software Engineering
14 19 (6.57%) SDLC
15 18 (6.23%) Infrastructure Automation
16 17 (5.88%) E-Commerce
16 17 (5.88%) User-Centered Design (UCD)
17 16 (5.54%) MVC
17 16 (5.54%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 180 (62.28%) Java
2 96 (33.22%) SQL
3 70 (24.22%) JavaScript
4 43 (14.88%) Python
5 29 (10.03%) Bash
6 26 (9.00%) Shell Script
7 20 (6.92%) PL/SQL
8 11 (3.81%) Perl
8 11 (3.81%) TypeScript
9 10 (3.46%) Go
10 9 (3.11%) Ruby
11 7 (2.42%) C
11 7 (2.42%) C#
11 7 (2.42%) C++
12 6 (2.08%) PHP
12 6 (2.08%) VB.NET
13 5 (1.73%) Groovy
13 5 (1.73%) PowerShell
13 5 (1.73%) Scala
13 5 (1.73%) VB
Qualifications
1 56 (19.38%) Security Cleared
2 45 (15.57%) SC Cleared
3 16 (5.54%) Degree
4 8 (2.77%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (2.08%) AWS Certification
6 4 (1.38%) DV Cleared
6 4 (1.38%) Sun Certification
7 3 (1.04%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.69%) ITIL Certification
8 2 (0.69%) MBA
8 2 (0.69%) PhD
9 1 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.35%) ISEB
9 1 (0.35%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.35%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (5.88%) QA
2 9 (3.11%) GDPR
3 6 (2.08%) SLA
4 5 (1.73%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (1.38%) Accessibility
5 4 (1.38%) NIST
6 3 (1.04%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 3 (1.04%) NCSC
7 2 (0.69%) Cyber Essentials
7 2 (0.69%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 2 (0.69%) ISO 22301
7 2 (0.69%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.35%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.35%) SEPA
8 1 (0.35%) WCAG
System Software
1 63 (21.80%) Docker
2 13 (4.50%) Active Directory
3 9 (3.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (2.42%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (2.08%) NFS
6 5 (1.73%) vSphere
7 4 (1.38%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.69%) OpenAM
8 2 (0.69%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 1 (0.35%) Shibboleth
9 1 (0.35%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 75 (25.95%) Ansible
2 65 (22.49%) Kubernetes
3 25 (8.65%) Puppet
3 25 (8.65%) Terraform
4 22 (7.61%) Single Sign-On
5 18 (6.23%) Prometheus
6 15 (5.19%) Packer
7 13 (4.50%) Consul
7 13 (4.50%) Icinga
7 13 (4.50%) Opscode Chef
8 12 (4.15%) Red Hat Satellite
9 9 (3.11%) Tivoli
10 8 (2.77%) Grafana
10 8 (2.77%) Tivoli Monitoring
11 7 (2.42%) Docker Swarm
12 6 (2.08%) FortiGate
13 5 (1.73%) Control-M
13 5 (1.73%) HAProxy
13 5 (1.73%) Salt
13 5 (1.73%) SCCM
Vendors
1 80 (27.68%) Oracle
2 47 (16.26%) IBM
3 42 (14.53%) Red Hat
4 26 (9.00%) Microsoft
5 19 (6.57%) Citrix
6 14 (4.84%) Splunk
7 13 (4.50%) VMware
8 12 (4.15%) Dynatrace
9 11 (3.81%) Google
9 11 (3.81%) MuleSoft
10 10 (3.46%) Cloudera
11 7 (2.42%) AppDynamics
11 7 (2.42%) CyberArk
12 6 (2.08%) F5
12 6 (2.08%) Palo Alto
12 6 (2.08%) Pega
12 6 (2.08%) ServiceNow
13 5 (1.73%) HP
14 4 (1.38%) EMC
14 4 (1.38%) Informatica