Period
to 20 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Tomcat skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Tomcat over the 6 months to 20 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Tomcat
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 455 359 480
Rank change year-on-year -96 +121 -210
Contract jobs citing Tomcat 383 181 381
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.45% 0.57% 0.45%
As % of the Application Platforms category 3.52% 3.90% 3.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 229 99 237
10th Percentile £405 £315 £375
25th Percentile £475 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% +5.26% -5.00%
75th Percentile £625 £539 £544
90th Percentile £675 £588 £660
UK excluding London median daily rate £498 £500 £450
% change year-on-year -0.50% +11.11% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 4
10th Percentile " " £39.38
25th Percentile £67.50 " £41.06
Median hourly rate £70.00 - £44.34
75th Percentile £72.50 " £48.44
90th Percentile " " £51.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £70.00 - £44.34

Tomcat is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 10,870 4,638 12,617
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.88% 14.72% 14.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,464 3,131 8,286
10th Percentile £305 £294 £259
25th Percentile £408 £375 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £600 £556 £550
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 170 132 295
10th Percentile £14.23 £12.63 £10.68
25th Percentile £16.23 £16.14 £14.28
Median hourly rate £24.18 £22.44 £20.96
Median % change year-on-year +7.75% +7.09% +4.78%
75th Percentile £53.06 £39.44 £40.00
90th Percentile £70.00 £57.50 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.37 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -3.18% - -

Tomcat
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Tomcat as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Tomcat.

Daily rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Tomcat over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Tomcat.

Hourly rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tomcat within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -103 300 £544 +8.75% 70
London -129 180 £573 +14.50% 31
UK excluding London -117 120 £498 -0.50% 44
Work from Home -162 104 £539 +14.93% 12
South East -64 49 £506 -0.79% 12
North of England -67 24 £490 +7.69% 11
Scotland -81 15 £425 +13.33% 3
South West -46 13 - - 5
Midlands -70 13 £525 +66.67% 4
North East - 12 £525 - 2
North West -52 11 £463 +1.65% 7
West Midlands - 9 £525 - 4
East of England -52 4 £500 -4.76% 7
Wales - 4 £506 - 2
East Midlands -33 3 £403 +27.78%
Yorkshire -46 1 £325 - 2

For the 6 months to 20 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Tomcat also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Tomcat.

1 248 (64.75%) Java
2 165 (43.08%) Linux
3 163 (42.56%) Jenkins
4 155 (40.47%) Oracle
5 146 (38.12%) SQL
6 145 (37.86%) Agile Software Development
7 136 (35.51%) Spring
8 126 (32.90%) Docker
9 125 (32.64%) Git (software)
10 124 (32.38%) Apache
11 119 (31.07%) AWS
12 116 (30.29%) DevOps
13 104 (27.15%) Maven
14 102 (26.63%) Social Skills
15 98 (25.59%) Kubernetes
16 93 (24.28%) JavaScript
17 88 (22.98%) Microservices
18 87 (22.72%) Python
19 84 (21.93%) Azure
20 83 (21.67%) HTML
21 78 (20.37%) Finance
22 75 (19.58%) IIS
22 75 (19.58%) Unix
22 75 (19.58%) Windows
23 74 (19.32%) WebLogic
23 74 (19.32%) Ansible
24 71 (18.54%) Spring Boot
25 69 (18.02%) PostgreSQL
26 68 (17.75%) WebSphere
27 65 (16.97%) REST

Tomcat
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 124 (32.38%) Apache
2 75 (19.58%) IIS
3 74 (19.32%) WebLogic
4 68 (17.75%) WebSphere
5 54 (14.10%) JBoss
6 44 (11.49%) Elasticsearch
7 33 (8.62%) nginx
8 27 (7.05%) Confluence
9 26 (6.79%) WebSphere Application Server
10 21 (5.48%) Jetty
11 20 (5.22%) Apache Spark
11 20 (5.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 14 (3.66%) Cloud Foundry
12 14 (3.66%) SharePoint
13 10 (2.61%) GemFire
13 10 (2.61%) MS Exchange
14 7 (1.83%) Documentum
15 5 (1.31%) Apache Qpid
15 5 (1.31%) IBM Domino
15 5 (1.31%) OpenStack
Applications
1 23 (6.01%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (2.61%) MS Visio
3 6 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (1.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (1.31%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.26%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 5 (1.31%) Magento
1 5 (1.31%) Oracle ERP
2 4 (1.04%) Markit EDM
3 3 (0.78%) Shopify
3 3 (0.78%) Temenos T24
4 2 (0.52%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.52%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 119 (31.07%) AWS
2 84 (21.93%) Azure
3 43 (11.23%) GitHub
4 30 (7.83%) PaaS
5 24 (6.27%) GCP
6 23 (6.01%) IaaS
7 18 (4.70%) SaaS
8 17 (4.44%) Amazon EC2
8 17 (4.44%) Amazon S3
8 17 (4.44%) Apigee
8 17 (4.44%) Microsoft 365
9 15 (3.92%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (3.13%) Amazon ECS
10 12 (3.13%) AWS Lambda
11 11 (2.87%) Amazon EKS
11 11 (2.87%) Serverless
12 10 (2.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 9 (2.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 8 (2.09%) OpenShift
15 7 (1.83%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 41 (10.70%) DNS
2 40 (10.44%) HTTP
3 38 (9.92%) SSL
4 36 (9.40%) Firewall
5 20 (5.22%) SAN
5 20 (5.22%) WAN
6 17 (4.44%) NAS
7 16 (4.18%) iSCSI
7 16 (4.18%) TCP/IP
8 13 (3.39%) FTP
9 12 (3.13%) LAN
10 11 (2.87%) Internet
11 9 (2.35%) NetScaler
12 8 (2.09%) VPN
13 7 (1.83%) Cisco Nexus
13 7 (1.83%) DHCP
13 7 (1.83%) FCoE
13 7 (1.83%) Fibre Channel
13 7 (1.83%) Kerberos
13 7 (1.83%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 69 (18.02%) PostgreSQL
2 60 (15.67%) Relational Database
3 59 (15.40%) SQL Server
4 43 (11.23%) RDBMS
5 39 (10.18%) MySQL
6 31 (8.09%) Oracle Database
7 26 (6.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 25 (6.53%) MongoDB
9 23 (6.01%) NoSQL
10 17 (4.44%) Apache Cassandra
11 16 (4.18%) Redis
12 15 (3.92%) Apache Hive
13 14 (3.66%) Big Data
14 12 (3.13%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
14 12 (3.13%) Data Warehouse
14 12 (3.13%) Parquet
15 10 (2.61%) Amazon RDS
15 10 (2.61%) Hadoop
15 10 (2.61%) InterSystems Cache
16 9 (2.35%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 163 (42.56%) Jenkins
2 125 (32.64%) Git (software)
3 104 (27.15%) Maven
4 64 (16.71%) JUnit
5 55 (14.36%) JIRA
6 48 (12.53%) Sonatype Nexus
7 35 (9.14%) Cucumber
8 33 (8.62%) SonarQube
9 31 (8.09%) Selenium
10 29 (7.57%) Gradle
11 28 (7.31%) Subversion
12 24 (6.27%) Mockito
13 22 (5.74%) Postman
14 21 (5.48%) GitLab
15 19 (4.96%) TeamCity
16 16 (4.18%) IntelliJ
16 16 (4.18%) JMeter
17 12 (3.13%) Artifactory
17 12 (3.13%) Eclipse
17 12 (3.13%) Hudson
General
1 102 (26.63%) Social Skills
2 78 (20.37%) Finance
3 50 (13.05%) Banking
4 32 (8.36%) Public Sector
5 31 (8.09%) Analytical Skills
6 13 (3.39%) Documentation Skills
6 13 (3.39%) Investment Banking
7 9 (2.35%) Retail
8 5 (1.31%) Dutch Language
8 5 (1.31%) Telecoms
9 4 (1.04%) Financial Institution
9 4 (1.04%) Front Office
9 4 (1.04%) Organisational Skills
10 3 (0.78%) Back Office
10 3 (0.78%) Electronics
10 3 (0.78%) French Language
10 3 (0.78%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.78%) Marketing
10 3 (0.78%) Publishing
11 2 (0.52%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 114 (29.77%) Developer
2 72 (18.80%) Java Developer
3 54 (14.10%) DevOps Engineer
4 47 (12.27%) Architect
5 24 (6.27%) Applications Support
6 22 (5.74%) Technical Architect
7 21 (5.48%) Applications Engineer
8 20 (5.22%) Senior Developer
9 19 (4.96%) Full Stack Developer
10 18 (4.70%) Support Engineer
11 17 (4.44%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 15 (3.92%) Administrator
12 15 (3.92%) Data Engineer
13 14 (3.66%) Applications Support Engineer
13 14 (3.66%) Software Engineer
14 13 (3.39%) Java Architect
15 12 (3.13%) Analyst
15 12 (3.13%) Big Data Engineer
16 11 (2.87%) Lead DevOps
16 11 (2.87%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 136 (35.51%) Spring
2 83 (21.67%) HTML
3 71 (18.54%) Spring Boot
4 65 (16.97%) REST
5 64 (16.71%) AngularJS
6 61 (15.93%) Middleware
7 58 (15.14%) Web Services
8 57 (14.88%) Kafka
9 56 (14.62%) CSS
9 56 (14.62%) RESTful
10 55 (14.36%) React
11 53 (13.84%) Node.js
12 44 (11.49%) SOAP
13 41 (10.70%) XML
14 40 (10.44%) Hibernate
15 39 (10.18%) JSON
16 30 (7.83%) Elastic Stack
17 28 (7.31%) .NET
17 28 (7.31%) JPA
17 28 (7.31%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 25 (6.53%) Public Cloud
2 21 (5.48%) Clustering
3 20 (5.22%) Data Protection Act
4 18 (4.70%) Algorithms
5 17 (4.44%) Data Structures
6 16 (4.18%) N-Tier
7 15 (3.92%) Data Centre
8 13 (3.39%) User Experience
9 12 (3.13%) Enterprise Software
9 12 (3.13%) Linux Command Line
10 11 (2.87%) PKI
10 11 (2.87%) Self-Motivation
11 8 (2.09%) Credit Risk
11 8 (2.09%) Legacy Applications
12 6 (1.57%) Cloud Native
12 6 (1.57%) Greenfield Project
12 6 (1.57%) Mainframe
12 6 (1.57%) Mobile App
13 5 (1.31%) Replication
13 5 (1.31%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 165 (43.08%) Linux
2 75 (19.58%) Unix
2 75 (19.58%) Windows
3 32 (8.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 20 (5.22%) Ubuntu
5 17 (4.44%) Windows Server
6 15 (3.92%) Solaris
7 13 (3.39%) Windows 10
8 11 (2.87%) Windows Server 2016
9 10 (2.61%) Windows Server 2019
10 5 (1.31%) CentOS
11 4 (1.04%) AIX
12 3 (0.78%) HPUX
12 3 (0.78%) SUSE
12 3 (0.78%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.52%) Windows XP
14 1 (0.26%) Android
14 1 (0.26%) Apple iOS
14 1 (0.26%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 145 (37.86%) Agile Software Development
2 116 (30.29%) DevOps
3 88 (22.98%) Microservices
4 65 (16.97%) Scrum
5 56 (14.62%) Continuous Integration
6 50 (13.05%) Problem-Solving
7 43 (11.23%) Full Stack Development
8 42 (10.97%) TDD
9 38 (9.92%) Software Engineering
9 38 (9.92%) Test Automation
10 37 (9.66%) Deployment Automation
11 36 (9.40%) Build Automation
12 32 (8.36%) SDLC
12 32 (8.36%) Unit Testing
13 31 (8.09%) ITIL
13 31 (8.09%) MVC
14 30 (7.83%) Kanban
14 30 (7.83%) Multithreading
15 28 (7.31%) SOA
16 24 (6.27%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 248 (64.75%) Java
2 146 (38.12%) SQL
3 93 (24.28%) JavaScript
4 87 (22.72%) Python
5 52 (13.58%) Java 8
6 46 (12.01%) Shell Script
7 45 (11.75%) Groovy
8 42 (10.97%) Bash Shell
9 37 (9.66%) PL/SQL
10 27 (7.05%) Perl
11 24 (6.27%) Scala
12 18 (4.70%) Kotlin
13 15 (3.92%) PowerShell
14 13 (3.39%) TypeScript
15 10 (2.61%) C
15 10 (2.61%) Go
16 9 (2.35%) ES6
17 8 (2.09%) Ruby
18 7 (1.83%) VB
19 6 (1.57%) Korn
Qualifications
1 44 (11.49%) Security Cleared
2 28 (7.31%) SC Cleared
3 14 (3.66%) Degree
4 10 (2.61%) AWS Certification
5 8 (2.09%) DV Cleared
6 7 (1.83%) ITIL Certification
7 6 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (1.57%) Master's Degree
8 5 (1.31%) RHCE
9 4 (1.04%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.78%) ISEB
10 3 (0.78%) ISTQB
10 3 (0.78%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.78%) Oracle Certification
11 2 (0.52%) OCP
12 1 (0.26%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (2.09%) QA
2 4 (1.04%) SLA
3 3 (0.78%) GDPR
3 3 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 3 (0.78%) NCSC
4 1 (0.26%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 126 (32.90%) Docker
2 32 (8.36%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (7.05%) Active Directory
4 16 (4.18%) NFS
5 9 (2.35%) Xen
6 7 (1.83%) Hyper-V
6 7 (1.83%) KVM
6 7 (1.83%) SRDF
7 6 (1.57%) vSphere
8 5 (1.31%) Virtual Servers
9 3 (0.78%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.78%) RACF
9 3 (0.78%) Squid
10 2 (0.52%) IAG
10 2 (0.52%) LXC
10 2 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.52%) VirtualBox
10 2 (0.52%) VMware Workstation
11 1 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.26%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 98 (25.59%) Kubernetes
2 74 (19.32%) Ansible
3 55 (14.36%) Puppet
4 45 (11.75%) Terraform
5 32 (8.36%) Kibana
6 27 (7.05%) Single Sign-On
7 25 (6.53%) logstash
8 20 (5.22%) Grafana
9 19 (4.96%) Opscode Chef
10 14 (3.66%) Docker Swarm
11 13 (3.39%) Nagios
12 12 (3.13%) Oozie
13 11 (2.87%) Packer
14 10 (2.61%) Graphite
14 10 (2.61%) Prometheus
15 9 (2.35%) FortiGate
16 8 (2.09%) Graylog
17 7 (1.83%) Active Directory Federation Services
17 7 (1.83%) Rancher
18 6 (1.57%) Salt
Vendors
1 155 (40.47%) Oracle
2 45 (11.75%) VMware
3 42 (10.97%) Microsoft
3 42 (10.97%) Red Hat
4 26 (6.79%) Google
5 25 (6.53%) F5
5 25 (6.53%) IBM
6 20 (5.22%) AppDynamics
7 19 (4.96%) NetApp
8 18 (4.70%) Dynatrace
9 17 (4.44%) MuleSoft
10 16 (4.18%) Citrix
10 16 (4.18%) EMC
11 15 (3.92%) Splunk
12 11 (2.87%) Cisco
13 10 (2.61%) Palo Alto
14 9 (2.35%) Dell
14 9 (2.35%) SAP
14 9 (2.35%) ServiceNow
14 9 (2.35%) TIBCO