Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Tomcat skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Tomcat over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Tomcat
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 445 353 398
Rank change year-on-year -92 +45 -124
Contract jobs citing Tomcat 332 233 543
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.46% 0.63% 0.59%
As % of the Application Platforms category 3.50% 4.30% 3.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 182 137 360
10th Percentile £376 £315 £363
25th Percentile £457 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +2.63% -2.06%
75th Percentile £600 £538 £575
90th Percentile £657 £594 £668
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 2
10th Percentile £45.88 " £47.13
25th Percentile £47.71 " £47.82
Median hourly rate £51.50 - £49.59
75th Percentile £59.50 " £51.98
90th Percentile £63.85 " £53.04
UK excluding London median hourly rate £51.50 - £49.59

Tomcat is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 9,473 5,415 14,354
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.20% 14.74% 15.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,415 3,629 9,214
10th Percentile £300 £300 £266
25th Percentile £400 £388 £369
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £495 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.21% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £562 £563
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 179 110 306
10th Percentile £12.27 £12.61 £11.53
25th Percentile £16.21 £15.13 £13.31
Median hourly rate £23.00 £20.00 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% -2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £53.00 £32.75 £40.10
90th Percentile £68.36 £52.30 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.56 £19.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +13.45% -5.00% +5.57%

Tomcat
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Tomcat as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Tomcat.

Daily rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Tomcat over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Tomcat.

Hourly rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Tomcat over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tomcat within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -79 282 £525 +5.41% 75
London -78 176 £550 +10.00% 39
UK excluding London -71 105 £488 +2.63% 40
Work from Home -213 89 £520 +16.85% 11
South East -38 34 £463 -7.50% 11
North of England -22 25 £490 +3.16% 8
Scotland -53 15 £425 +4.29% 4
North West -25 12 £490 -10.91% 5
South West -34 12 £384 -14.76% 5
North East +5 11 £500 +11.11% 1
East of England -8 11 £500 - 4
Midlands -42 8 £525 +66.67% 7
West Midlands -29 7 £525 +27.27% 5
Yorkshire -29 2 £313 -34.21% 2
East Midlands -21 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Tomcat also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Tomcat.

1 216 (65.06%) Java
2 145 (43.67%) Linux
3 136 (40.96%) Oracle
4 132 (39.76%) Jenkins
5 127 (38.25%) Agile Software Development
6 121 (36.45%) SQL
7 119 (35.84%) Git (software)
8 118 (35.54%) Apache
9 107 (32.23%) Spring
10 101 (30.42%) Social Skills
11 100 (30.12%) AWS
12 96 (28.92%) DevOps
13 94 (28.31%) WebSphere
14 89 (26.81%) Maven
15 84 (25.30%) Docker
16 80 (24.10%) Kubernetes
16 80 (24.10%) Finance
17 75 (22.59%) Python
18 74 (22.29%) JavaScript
19 73 (21.99%) Windows
20 72 (21.69%) Unix
21 68 (20.48%) Azure
22 67 (20.18%) Microservices
23 66 (19.88%) Puppet
24 65 (19.58%) Ansible
25 64 (19.28%) WebLogic
26 62 (18.67%) REST
27 61 (18.37%) PostgreSQL
28 60 (18.07%) Continuous Integration
29 59 (17.77%) IIS

Tomcat
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 118 (35.54%) Apache
2 94 (28.31%) WebSphere
3 64 (19.28%) WebLogic
4 59 (17.77%) IIS
5 54 (16.27%) JBoss
6 44 (13.25%) WebSphere Application Server
7 31 (9.34%) nginx
8 28 (8.43%) Jetty
9 23 (6.93%) Elasticsearch
10 17 (5.12%) Cloud Foundry
10 17 (5.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 16 (4.82%) Confluence
12 14 (4.22%) SharePoint
13 11 (3.31%) Apache Spark
13 11 (3.31%) IBM Domino
14 9 (2.71%) Apache Solr
15 7 (2.11%) Apache ServiceMix
15 7 (2.11%) GemFire
15 7 (2.11%) Mongrel
15 7 (2.11%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 24 (7.23%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (2.41%) MS Visio
3 7 (2.11%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (1.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (1.51%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.30%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 12 (3.61%) Magento
2 9 (2.71%) Shopify
3 4 (1.20%) Markit EDM
3 4 (1.20%) Oracle ERP
4 3 (0.90%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.60%) Summit
6 1 (0.30%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.30%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.30%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 100 (30.12%) AWS
2 68 (20.48%) Azure
3 38 (11.45%) GitHub
4 33 (9.94%) GCP
5 29 (8.73%) PaaS
6 20 (6.02%) IaaS
7 14 (4.22%) AWS Lambda
7 14 (4.22%) Cloud Computing
7 14 (4.22%) Microsoft 365
7 14 (4.22%) Serverless
8 13 (3.92%) Amazon EC2
8 13 (3.92%) Apigee
8 13 (3.92%) SaaS
9 8 (2.41%) OpenShift
10 7 (2.11%) Amazon S3
10 7 (2.11%) Google App Engine
11 6 (1.81%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (1.81%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 6 (1.81%) Azure Logic Apps
12 5 (1.51%) Azure Pipelines
Communications & Networking
1 43 (12.95%) HTTP
2 40 (12.05%) SSL
3 29 (8.73%) DNS
4 28 (8.43%) Firewall
5 24 (7.23%) FTP
6 20 (6.02%) TCP/IP
7 17 (5.12%) SAN
7 17 (5.12%) WAN
8 16 (4.82%) iSCSI
8 16 (4.82%) NAS
9 12 (3.61%) DHCP
9 12 (3.61%) LAN
10 11 (3.31%) Cisco Nexus
10 11 (3.31%) FCoE
10 11 (3.31%) Fibre Channel
10 11 (3.31%) Multicast
10 11 (3.31%) SSH
11 9 (2.71%) Kerberos
12 7 (2.11%) Internet
12 7 (2.11%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (18.37%) PostgreSQL
2 56 (16.87%) SQL Server
3 48 (14.46%) MySQL
4 43 (12.95%) Relational Database
5 30 (9.04%) MongoDB
6 28 (8.43%) RDBMS
7 21 (6.33%) Apache Cassandra
8 19 (5.72%) Oracle Database
9 17 (5.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 17 (5.12%) NoSQL
10 12 (3.61%) Hadoop
11 11 (3.31%) Apache Hive
11 11 (3.31%) Big Data
11 11 (3.31%) Data Warehouse
11 11 (3.31%) Redis
12 10 (3.01%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
12 10 (3.01%) Parquet
13 9 (2.71%) DB2
14 7 (2.11%) HBase
14 7 (2.11%) InterSystems Cache
Development Applications
1 132 (39.76%) Jenkins
2 119 (35.84%) Git (software)
3 89 (26.81%) Maven
4 54 (16.27%) JUnit
5 53 (15.96%) JIRA
6 40 (12.05%) Sonatype Nexus
7 32 (9.64%) Cucumber
8 27 (8.13%) Mockito
8 27 (8.13%) Subversion
9 26 (7.83%) SonarQube
10 24 (7.23%) Gradle
11 20 (6.02%) Selenium
12 19 (5.72%) Postman
13 17 (5.12%) Eclipse
14 16 (4.82%) IntelliJ
15 11 (3.31%) GitLab
16 10 (3.01%) Hudson
16 10 (3.01%) JMeter
17 7 (2.11%) Artifactory
17 7 (2.11%) TeamCity
General
1 101 (30.42%) Social Skills
2 80 (24.10%) Finance
3 48 (14.46%) Banking
4 34 (10.24%) Analytical Skills
5 29 (8.73%) Public Sector
6 10 (3.01%) Retail
7 9 (2.71%) Investment Banking
8 8 (2.41%) Documentation Skills
9 4 (1.20%) Dutch Language
9 4 (1.20%) Influencing Skills
9 4 (1.20%) Organisational Skills
10 3 (0.90%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.60%) Electronics
11 2 (0.60%) French Language
11 2 (0.60%) Games
11 2 (0.60%) German Language
11 2 (0.60%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.60%) Marketing
11 2 (0.60%) Polish Language
11 2 (0.60%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 93 (28.01%) Developer
2 64 (19.28%) Java Developer
3 54 (16.27%) DevOps Engineer
4 45 (13.55%) Architect
5 15 (4.52%) Analyst
5 15 (4.52%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 15 (4.52%) Technical Architect
6 14 (4.22%) Full Stack Developer
6 14 (4.22%) Software Engineer
7 12 (3.61%) Administrator
7 12 (3.61%) Solutions Architect
8 10 (3.01%) Applications Support
8 10 (3.01%) AWS Architect
8 10 (3.01%) Big Data Engineer
8 10 (3.01%) Data Engineer
8 10 (3.01%) Java Architect
8 10 (3.01%) Senior Developer
9 9 (2.71%) Lead DevOps
9 9 (2.71%) Senior Java Developer
10 8 (2.41%) Infrastructure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 107 (32.23%) Spring
2 62 (18.67%) REST
3 58 (17.47%) RESTful
4 57 (17.17%) HTML
4 57 (17.17%) Web Services
5 47 (14.16%) Node.js
6 46 (13.86%) Spring Boot
7 42 (12.65%) SOAP
8 39 (11.75%) Hibernate
9 37 (11.14%) Middleware
9 37 (11.14%) XML
10 36 (10.84%) AngularJS
10 36 (10.84%) React
11 34 (10.24%) CSS
12 32 (9.64%) JSON
13 28 (8.43%) J2EE
14 25 (7.53%) LDAP
15 24 (7.23%) JPA
15 24 (7.23%) Kafka
15 24 (7.23%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 22 (6.63%) Public Cloud
2 19 (5.72%) Data Protection Act
3 17 (5.12%) Self-Motivation
4 16 (4.82%) Enterprise Software
5 15 (4.52%) Clustering
6 14 (4.22%) Management Information System
7 13 (3.92%) N-Tier
8 11 (3.31%) Data Structures
9 10 (3.01%) Algorithms
10 8 (2.41%) Data Centre
10 8 (2.41%) Linux Command Line
11 7 (2.11%) Cloud Native
11 7 (2.11%) Credit Risk
11 7 (2.11%) PKI
12 6 (1.81%) Fixed Income
12 6 (1.81%) Legacy Applications
12 6 (1.81%) User Experience
13 5 (1.51%) Mainframe
13 5 (1.51%) Mobile App
13 5 (1.51%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 145 (43.67%) Linux
2 73 (21.99%) Windows
3 72 (21.69%) Unix
4 23 (6.93%) Ubuntu
5 22 (6.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 18 (5.42%) Windows Server
7 16 (4.82%) Solaris
8 8 (2.41%) Windows 10
9 6 (1.81%) CentOS
9 6 (1.81%) Windows Server 2016
9 6 (1.81%) Windows Server 2019
10 3 (0.90%) HPUX
10 3 (0.90%) SUSE
11 2 (0.60%) Amazon Linux
11 2 (0.60%) Debian
11 2 (0.60%) VMS
11 2 (0.60%) Windows XP
12 1 (0.30%) Apple iOS
12 1 (0.30%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.30%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 127 (38.25%) Agile Software Development
2 96 (28.92%) DevOps
3 67 (20.18%) Microservices
4 60 (18.07%) Continuous Integration
5 58 (17.47%) Scrum
6 46 (13.86%) Problem-Solving
7 39 (11.75%) TDD
8 35 (10.54%) ITIL
8 35 (10.54%) Software Engineering
9 34 (10.24%) Build Automation
10 33 (9.94%) Full Stack Development
10 33 (9.94%) Test Automation
11 31 (9.34%) MVC
11 31 (9.34%) SDLC
11 31 (9.34%) Unit Testing
12 30 (9.04%) Configuration Management
13 28 (8.43%) Multithreading
14 27 (8.13%) BDD
14 27 (8.13%) Deployment Automation
14 27 (8.13%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 216 (65.06%) Java
2 121 (36.45%) SQL
3 75 (22.59%) Python
4 74 (22.29%) JavaScript
5 51 (15.36%) Shell Script
6 41 (12.35%) Java 8
7 33 (9.94%) Bash Shell
8 30 (9.04%) Groovy
9 26 (7.83%) PL/SQL
10 25 (7.53%) Perl
11 20 (6.02%) Scala
12 15 (4.52%) Kotlin
13 14 (4.22%) TypeScript
14 13 (3.92%) C
14 13 (3.92%) Go
14 13 (3.92%) PHP
14 13 (3.92%) PowerShell
15 7 (2.11%) C++
16 6 (1.81%) AWK
16 6 (1.81%) Korn
Qualifications
1 37 (11.14%) Security Cleared
2 28 (8.43%) SC Cleared
3 15 (4.52%) Degree
4 9 (2.71%) DV Cleared
5 8 (2.41%) ITIL Certification
6 7 (2.11%) Master's Degree
7 6 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
8 4 (1.20%) ISEB
8 4 (1.20%) RHCE
9 3 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.90%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.90%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.30%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.30%) CCNA
10 1 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.30%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.30%) ISEB Practitioner
10 1 (0.30%) MCSA
10 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.71%) QA
2 6 (1.81%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 5 (1.51%) PCI DSS
4 3 (0.90%) GDPR
5 2 (0.60%) SLA
6 1 (0.30%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 84 (25.30%) Docker
2 41 (12.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (6.93%) Active Directory
4 18 (5.42%) Xen
5 16 (4.82%) NFS
6 12 (3.61%) Hyper-V
7 11 (3.31%) KVM
7 11 (3.31%) SRDF
8 6 (1.81%) Oracle RAC
8 6 (1.81%) Postfix
8 6 (1.81%) qmail
8 6 (1.81%) Virtual Servers
9 5 (1.51%) Virtual Machines
10 3 (0.90%) RACF
10 3 (0.90%) vSphere
11 2 (0.60%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.60%) OpenIDM
11 2 (0.60%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.60%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.60%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 80 (24.10%) Kubernetes
2 66 (19.88%) Puppet
3 65 (19.58%) Ansible
4 40 (12.05%) Terraform
5 21 (6.33%) Single Sign-On
6 14 (4.22%) Nagios
7 13 (3.92%) Grafana
7 13 (3.92%) Opscode Chef
8 12 (3.61%) Kibana
9 11 (3.31%) logstash
9 11 (3.31%) Packer
10 10 (3.01%) Oozie
11 9 (2.71%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 9 (2.71%) Docker Swarm
12 7 (2.11%) CA Single Sign-On
13 6 (1.81%) Graylog
13 6 (1.81%) Salt
14 5 (1.51%) FortiGate
14 5 (1.51%) Prometheus
15 4 (1.20%) Consul
Vendors
1 136 (40.96%) Oracle
2 53 (15.96%) VMware
3 47 (14.16%) Microsoft
4 38 (11.45%) Google
5 37 (11.14%) IBM
6 28 (8.43%) Red Hat
7 19 (5.72%) Cisco
8 16 (4.82%) EMC
8 16 (4.82%) MuleSoft
8 16 (4.82%) NetApp
9 12 (3.61%) New Relic
10 11 (3.31%) AppDynamics
10 11 (3.31%) Dynatrace
10 11 (3.31%) F5
10 11 (3.31%) Sybase
10 11 (3.31%) Xerox
11 10 (3.01%) Citrix
11 10 (3.01%) Palo Alto
12 9 (2.71%) ServiceNow
12 9 (2.71%) Splunk