Period
to 27 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Tomcat skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Tomcat over the 6 months to 27 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Apache Tomcat
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 351 458 256
Rank change year-on-year +107 -202 -24
Contract jobs citing Tomcat 182 377 1,073
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.56% 0.45% 1.04%
As % of the Application Platforms category 3.84% 2.99% 6.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 118 233 790
Median daily rate £482 £475 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.37% -5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £313 £375 £363
90th Percentile £566 £660 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £495 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.88% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 14
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.67% -1.18% -0.58%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £42.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year - -2.33% -

Tomcat is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 4,736 12,593 17,281
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.63% 14.93% 16.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,932 8,117 11,279
Median daily rate £463 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% - +0.56%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £273
90th Percentile £650 £634 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £432 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +1.65% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 183 322 397
Median hourly rate £31.00 £21.75 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.53% +1.16% +7.50%
10th Percentile £13.01 £11.00 £12.10
90th Percentile £58.50 £50.23 £48.75
Median hourly rate £23.43 £21.00 £21.13
% change year-on-year +11.57% -0.59% +7.45%

Tomcat
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Tomcat as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Tomcat.

Daily rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Tomcat over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Tomcat.

Hourly rate trend for Tomcat in the UK

Tomcat
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Tomcat within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +107 149 £495 +4.21% 36
London +174 91 £500 - 14
UK excluding London +80 70 £495 +10.00% 26
Work from Home -67 37 £436 +5.76% 4
South East +104 25 £494 +9.72% 8
Scotland +71 14 £363 -9.38% 2
North of England +85 12 £413 -13.84% 7
North West +71 10 £428 -4.47% 2
South West +77 9 £510 +11.67% 2
Midlands +78 6 £520 -16.80% 4
East Midlands +42 6 £520 - 1
East of England +79 4 £525 +16.67% 1
Yorkshire +71 1 - - 2
North East +24 1 £413 -17.50% 3

For the 6 months to 27 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Tomcat also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Tomcat.

1 114 (62.64%) Java
2 95 (52.20%) Linux
3 73 (40.11%) Apache
4 68 (37.36%) SQL
5 67 (36.81%) Oracle
6 61 (33.52%) Python
7 56 (30.77%) DevOps
8 54 (29.67%) Windows
9 53 (29.12%) JBoss
10 52 (28.57%) Jenkins
11 49 (26.92%) Security Cleared
11 49 (26.92%) Agile Software Development
12 48 (26.37%) MySQL
13 47 (25.82%) SC Cleared
13 47 (25.82%) Bash Shell
14 45 (24.73%) Spring
15 44 (24.18%) REST
16 42 (23.08%) AWS
16 42 (23.08%) Red Hat
17 40 (21.98%) XML
17 40 (21.98%) Git (software)
18 38 (20.88%) WebSphere
18 38 (20.88%) JavaScript
19 37 (20.33%) HTML
19 37 (20.33%) SQL Server
19 37 (20.33%) ITIL
19 37 (20.33%) HTTP
19 37 (20.33%) Ruby
20 36 (19.78%) DNS
20 36 (19.78%) Unix

Tomcat
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (40.11%) Apache
2 53 (29.12%) JBoss
3 38 (20.88%) WebSphere
4 27 (14.84%) WebSphere Application Server
5 22 (12.09%) WebLogic
6 19 (10.44%) nginx
7 17 (9.34%) Red Hat Fuse
8 13 (7.14%) Apache Solr
8 13 (7.14%) Confluence
9 12 (6.59%) Apache Geronimo
9 12 (6.59%) Apache TomEE
9 12 (6.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 10 (5.49%) IIS
10 10 (5.49%) Jetty
11 9 (4.95%) Elasticsearch
12 6 (3.30%) IBM HTTP Server
13 5 (2.75%) GeoServer
13 5 (2.75%) MQSeries
13 5 (2.75%) Mule
13 5 (2.75%) Oracle Self-Service HR
Applications
1 5 (2.75%) MS Visio
2 4 (2.20%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (1.10%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 6 (3.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 5 (2.75%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.55%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.55%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.55%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 42 (23.08%) AWS
2 27 (14.84%) Azure
3 22 (12.09%) Amazon CloudWatch
4 18 (9.89%) Datadog
4 18 (9.89%) SaaS
5 10 (5.49%) Amazon EC2
6 8 (4.40%) GCP
7 7 (3.85%) AWS CloudFormation
8 6 (3.30%) npm
8 6 (3.30%) PaaS
9 5 (2.75%) GitHub
9 5 (2.75%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 4 (2.20%) AWS Lambda
10 4 (2.20%) Serverless
11 3 (1.65%) Amazon ECS
11 3 (1.65%) Amazon SQS
11 3 (1.65%) AWS CloudTrail
12 2 (1.10%) Amazon ELB
12 2 (1.10%) Amazon S3
12 2 (1.10%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 37 (20.33%) HTTP
2 36 (19.78%) DNS
3 24 (13.19%) SSL
4 13 (7.14%) SSH
5 11 (6.04%) FTP
6 10 (5.49%) DHCP
7 9 (4.95%) Firewall
8 8 (4.40%) SMTP
9 6 (3.30%) Reverse Proxy
9 6 (3.30%) SAN
9 6 (3.30%) TCP/IP
10 3 (1.65%) HTTPS
10 3 (1.65%) iSCSI
10 3 (1.65%) VLAN
11 2 (1.10%) IPsec
12 1 (0.55%) LAN
12 1 (0.55%) NetScreen
12 1 (0.55%) SNMP
12 1 (0.55%) VPN
12 1 (0.55%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (26.37%) MySQL
2 37 (20.33%) SQL Server
3 21 (11.54%) Big Data
4 14 (7.69%) SQL Server 2016
5 13 (7.14%) Oracle Database
5 13 (7.14%) PostgreSQL
6 12 (6.59%) Amazon Aurora
7 11 (6.04%) MongoDB
8 10 (5.49%) Apache Cassandra
9 8 (4.40%) Relational Database
10 7 (3.85%) Hadoop
10 7 (3.85%) Oracle ODI
11 6 (3.30%) Amazon RDS
11 6 (3.30%) DB2
11 6 (3.30%) NoSQL
11 6 (3.30%) Oracle Reports
12 5 (2.75%) GIS
12 5 (2.75%) QGIS
13 4 (2.20%) BigQuery
13 4 (2.20%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 52 (28.57%) Jenkins
2 40 (21.98%) Git (software)
3 26 (14.29%) JIRA
3 26 (14.29%) Maven
4 20 (10.99%) Subversion
5 17 (9.34%) Eclipse
6 14 (7.69%) IntelliJ
7 12 (6.59%) Selenium
8 11 (6.04%) Ant
8 11 (6.04%) Gradle
8 11 (6.04%) JUnit
9 9 (4.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 9 (4.95%) SoapUI
10 8 (4.40%) Cucumber
10 8 (4.40%) Postman
11 7 (3.85%) Mockito
12 6 (3.30%) CA Release Automation
12 6 (3.30%) ClearCase
12 6 (3.30%) FishEye
12 6 (3.30%) Hudson
General
1 16 (8.79%) Public Sector
2 11 (6.04%) Finance
3 8 (4.40%) Banking
4 5 (2.75%) Front Office
4 5 (2.75%) Telecoms
5 4 (2.20%) Legal
6 3 (1.65%) Electronics
7 1 (0.55%) Back Office
7 1 (0.55%) French Language
7 1 (0.55%) Law
7 1 (0.55%) Private Banking
7 1 (0.55%) Publishing
7 1 (0.55%) Retail
Job Titles
1 52 (28.57%) Developer
2 24 (13.19%) Java Developer
3 20 (10.99%) Support Engineer
4 19 (10.44%) Applications Support
5 17 (9.34%) Applications Engineer
5 17 (9.34%) Applications Support Engineer
6 13 (7.14%) Administrator
7 12 (6.59%) Consultant
7 12 (6.59%) DevOps Engineer
8 11 (6.04%) Software Engineer
9 10 (5.49%) Architect
9 10 (5.49%) WebSphere Specialist
10 9 (4.95%) Operations Engineer
11 8 (4.40%) Operations Support Engineer
11 8 (4.40%) Senior Developer
12 7 (3.85%) Applications Specialist
12 7 (3.85%) Middleware Consultant
12 7 (3.85%) Systems Administrator
12 7 (3.85%) Systems Engineer
12 7 (3.85%) WebSphere Server Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (24.73%) Spring
2 44 (24.18%) REST
3 40 (21.98%) XML
4 37 (20.33%) HTML
5 35 (19.23%) Web Services
6 33 (18.13%) JSON
7 31 (17.03%) CSS
8 30 (16.48%) Middleware
9 27 (14.84%) RabbitMQ
10 26 (14.29%) Spring Boot
11 25 (13.74%) LAMP
12 24 (13.19%) SOAP
13 23 (12.64%) AngularJS
14 19 (10.44%) Node.js
14 19 (10.44%) XSLT
15 18 (9.89%) IBM Integration Bus
16 16 (8.79%) Apache Camel
16 16 (8.79%) Sensu
17 15 (8.24%) WebSphere MQ
18 14 (7.69%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 24 (13.19%) Analytical Skills
2 16 (8.79%) Linux Command Line
3 14 (7.69%) Enterprise Software
4 10 (5.49%) Derivative
5 8 (4.40%) Management Information System
6 6 (3.30%) DataPower
6 6 (3.30%) User Experience
7 5 (2.75%) Data Structures
7 5 (2.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 5 (2.75%) Mobile App
7 5 (2.75%) Self-Motivation
8 3 (1.65%) Algorithms
8 3 (1.65%) PKI
8 3 (1.65%) Replication
9 2 (1.10%) Cloud Native
9 2 (1.10%) Clustering
9 2 (1.10%) Data Centre
9 2 (1.10%) EMC VNX
9 2 (1.10%) Public Cloud
9 2 (1.10%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 95 (52.20%) Linux
2 54 (29.67%) Windows
3 36 (19.78%) Unix
4 34 (18.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 22 (12.09%) Windows Server
6 18 (9.89%) Windows Server 2016
7 12 (6.59%) CentOS
8 7 (3.85%) Debian
9 6 (3.30%) Android
9 6 (3.30%) Solaris
9 6 (3.30%) Ubuntu
9 6 (3.30%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (2.75%) Apple iOS
10 5 (2.75%) Mac OS X
11 2 (1.10%) AIX
11 2 (1.10%) Oracle Linux
11 2 (1.10%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.55%) HPUX
12 1 (0.55%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.55%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 56 (30.77%) DevOps
2 49 (26.92%) Agile Software Development
3 37 (20.33%) ITIL
4 31 (17.03%) Problem-Solving
5 27 (14.84%) Performance Monitoring
6 25 (13.74%) Scrum
7 22 (12.09%) Deployment Automation
8 21 (11.54%) Open Source
8 21 (11.54%) Performance Tuning
9 20 (10.99%) Continuous Integration
9 20 (10.99%) Root Cause Analysis
10 19 (10.44%) Configuration Management
10 19 (10.44%) Continuous Delivery
11 17 (9.34%) Software Engineering
11 17 (9.34%) Test Automation
12 16 (8.79%) Computer Science
13 15 (8.24%) Continuous Improvement
13 15 (8.24%) Cybersecurity
13 15 (8.24%) High Availability
13 15 (8.24%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 114 (62.64%) Java
2 68 (37.36%) SQL
3 61 (33.52%) Python
4 47 (25.82%) Bash Shell
5 38 (20.88%) JavaScript
6 37 (20.33%) Ruby
7 30 (16.48%) PowerShell
8 25 (13.74%) Shell Script
9 23 (12.64%) C++
10 20 (10.99%) Perl
11 14 (7.69%) PL/SQL
12 11 (6.04%) Groovy
13 8 (4.40%) C
14 5 (2.75%) Clojure
14 5 (2.75%) ClojureScript
14 5 (2.75%) Scala
14 5 (2.75%) T-SQL
14 5 (2.75%) VBA
14 5 (2.75%) XPath
15 4 (2.20%) PHP
Qualifications
1 49 (26.92%) Security Cleared
2 47 (25.82%) SC Cleared
3 23 (12.64%) Degree
4 10 (5.49%) Computer Science Degree
4 10 (5.49%) Master's Degree
5 4 (2.20%) AWS Certification
6 2 (1.10%) DV Cleared
6 2 (1.10%) Network+ Certification
7 1 (0.55%) CCNP
7 1 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.55%) OCPJP
7 1 (0.55%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (11.54%) GDPR
2 14 (7.69%) Cyber Essentials
2 14 (7.69%) HIPAA
2 14 (7.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 11 (6.04%) QA
4 9 (4.95%) SLA
5 8 (4.40%) PCI DSS
6 4 (2.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.55%) GxP
7 1 (0.55%) NCSC
7 1 (0.55%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.55%) WCAG
System Software
1 28 (15.38%) Docker
2 21 (11.54%) VMware Infrastructure
3 16 (8.79%) Active Directory
4 8 (4.40%) Hyper-V
5 6 (3.30%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (3.30%) VMware ESXi
6 5 (2.75%) GeoWebCache
6 5 (2.75%) VMware Workstation
7 3 (1.65%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (1.10%) DFS Replication
8 2 (1.10%) Varnish
8 2 (1.10%) vSphere
8 2 (1.10%) Xen
9 1 (0.55%) Firmware
9 1 (0.55%) KVM
9 1 (0.55%) LXC
9 1 (0.55%) NFS
9 1 (0.55%) RACF
Systems Management
1 35 (19.23%) Puppet
2 28 (15.38%) Ansible
3 27 (14.84%) Opscode Chef
4 24 (13.19%) Kubernetes
5 23 (12.64%) Nagios
6 18 (9.89%) Terraform
7 6 (3.30%) Kibana
8 5 (2.75%) ITRS Geneos
8 5 (2.75%) Salt
8 5 (2.75%) Tivoli
9 3 (1.65%) Forum Sentry
10 2 (1.10%) Data Guard
10 2 (1.10%) Failover Clustering
10 2 (1.10%) Grafana
10 2 (1.10%) Istio
10 2 (1.10%) logstash
10 2 (1.10%) Oracle ZFS
10 2 (1.10%) Rundeck
10 2 (1.10%) SCOM
10 2 (1.10%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 67 (36.81%) Oracle
2 42 (23.08%) Red Hat
3 36 (19.78%) Splunk
4 33 (18.13%) IBM
5 23 (12.64%) VMware
6 17 (9.34%) Microsoft
7 9 (4.95%) F5
8 8 (4.40%) HP
8 8 (4.40%) MuleSoft
9 7 (3.85%) Cloudera
9 7 (3.85%) Hortonworks
10 6 (3.30%) SAP
10 6 (3.30%) Sparx
11 5 (2.75%) Atlassian
11 5 (2.75%) Axway
11 5 (2.75%) ESRI
11 5 (2.75%) LogicMonitor
11 5 (2.75%) Murex
11 5 (2.75%) Sybase
11 5 (2.75%) Veeam