Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 286 466 692
Rank change year-on-year +180 +226 +80
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 860 463 190
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.86% 0.48% 0.18%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.02% 0.57% 0.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 595 312 125
UK median daily rate £538 £525 £520
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +0.96% +4.00%
10th Percentile £350 £365 £344
90th Percentile £691 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £481 £520
% change year-on-year -1.30% -7.45% +60.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 6 7
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £23.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +93.55% -38.00% -
10th Percentile £19.34 £17.94 £33.75
90th Percentile £58.25 £26.00 £72.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.17 £26.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +23.73% -30.67% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 84,708 80,985 88,418
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.49% 83.85% 82.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,780 53,648 57,331
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £285 £263 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +2.50% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,963 2,249 2,692
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £24.43 £23.43
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +4.29% +17.13%
10th Percentile £11.45 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.29 £24.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +1.21% -4.00% +25.00%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +146 838 £538 -0.46% 609
London +91 633 £550 +1.85% 329
UK excluding London +94 221 £475 -1.30% 301
South East +8 74 £500 -16.67% 78
East of England +18 46 £550 +28.65% 88
North of England +68 45 £400 -16.88% 51
North West +37 29 £400 -16.88% 42
Midlands +3 25 £413 -19.46% 25
Yorkshire +32 16 £500 - 5
Scotland -2 16 £400 - 16
South West +10 15 £371 -7.25% 38
West Midlands +11 14 £400 -11.11% 12
East Midlands -1 11 £560 +0.45% 13

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 510 (59.30%) Python
2 314 (36.51%) Big Data
3 291 (33.84%) Analytics
4 279 (32.44%) Apache Spark
5 247 (28.72%) R
6 245 (28.49%) Agile Software Development
7 228 (26.51%) SQL
8 217 (25.23%) Hadoop
9 210 (24.42%) Java
10 196 (22.79%) Finance
11 192 (22.33%) Algorithms
12 180 (20.93%) Scala
13 162 (18.84%) Analytical Skills
14 159 (18.49%) Amazon AWS
15 151 (17.56%) Mathematics
16 147 (17.09%) Visualisation
17 145 (16.86%) Statistics
18 141 (16.40%) Degree
19 134 (15.58%) Computer Science
20 130 (15.12%) Microsoft Azure
21 120 (13.95%) NoSQL
22 114 (13.26%) Artificial Intelligence
23 103 (11.98%) JavaScript
24 99 (11.51%) Apache
24 99 (11.51%) Tableau
25 96 (11.16%) Natural Language Processing
26 90 (10.47%) Linux
26 90 (10.47%) Business Intelligence
27 84 (9.77%) Software Engineering
28 83 (9.65%) Apache Hive

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 279 (32.44%) Apache Spark
2 99 (11.51%) Apache
3 46 (5.35%) Apache Pig
4 43 (5.00%) SAS
5 42 (4.88%) Elasticsearch
6 33 (3.84%) Jupyter
7 12 (1.40%) Apache Solr
8 5 (0.58%) GeoServer
8 5 (0.58%) nginx
9 4 (0.47%) ArcGIS
9 4 (0.47%) OpenStack
9 4 (0.47%) SharePoint
10 3 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
10 3 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (0.35%) Tornado
11 2 (0.23%) Confluence
11 2 (0.23%) Facebook Platform
11 2 (0.23%) IIS
11 2 (0.23%) IPython
12 1 (0.12%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 23 (2.67%) SPSS
2 13 (1.51%) Chatbot
3 11 (1.28%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.58%) Weka
5 4 (0.47%) Stata
6 3 (0.35%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
6 3 (0.35%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.23%) InVision
8 1 (0.12%) Gephi
8 1 (0.12%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 17 (1.98%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.23%) HiPortfolio
4 1 (0.12%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 159 (18.49%) Amazon AWS
2 130 (15.12%) Microsoft Azure
3 41 (4.77%) Google Cloud Platform
4 16 (1.86%) Azure Data Factory
5 15 (1.74%) Azure Machine Learning
6 13 (1.51%) Amazon EC2
7 12 (1.40%) Amazon Kinesis
7 12 (1.40%) Amazon S3
8 11 (1.28%) Dialogflow
9 10 (1.16%) Amazon EMR
9 10 (1.16%) Data Lake Analytics
9 10 (1.16%) GitHub
10 9 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
10 9 (1.05%) SaaS
11 8 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
11 8 (0.93%) Serverless
12 7 (0.81%) PaaS
13 5 (0.58%) Google Analytics
13 5 (0.58%) Heroku
14 4 (0.47%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.05%) Internet
1 9 (1.05%) LDAP
2 8 (0.93%) HTTP
3 3 (0.35%) DNS
3 3 (0.35%) Firewall
3 3 (0.35%) Intranet
3 3 (0.35%) OpenVPN
4 1 (0.12%) Broadband
4 1 (0.12%) Intrusion Detection
4 1 (0.12%) NetScaler
4 1 (0.12%) Skype
4 1 (0.12%) SMS
4 1 (0.12%) SNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 314 (36.51%) Big Data
2 217 (25.23%) Hadoop
3 120 (13.95%) NoSQL
4 83 (9.65%) Apache Hive
5 81 (9.42%) Data Mining
6 68 (7.91%) Apache Cassandra
7 67 (7.79%) MongoDB
8 62 (7.21%) SQL Server
9 55 (6.40%) HBase
10 52 (6.05%) Data Warehouse
11 42 (4.88%) MySQL
12 41 (4.77%) Power BI
13 33 (3.84%) Data Lake
14 31 (3.60%) Relational Database
15 27 (3.14%) Mahout
16 26 (3.02%) Blockchain
17 25 (2.91%) Amazon Redshift
18 24 (2.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 21 (2.44%) HDInsight
19 21 (2.44%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 46 (5.35%) Git (software)
2 31 (3.60%) Jenkins
3 14 (1.63%) JIRA
4 12 (1.40%) Visual Studio
5 9 (1.05%) TeamCity
6 7 (0.81%) Grunt
6 7 (0.81%) gulp
6 7 (0.81%) Selenium
6 7 (0.81%) Subversion
6 7 (0.81%) Visual Studio Team System
7 5 (0.58%) JUnit
8 4 (0.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 4 (0.47%) GoCD
8 4 (0.47%) PyCharm
8 4 (0.47%) Team Foundation Server
9 3 (0.35%) Maven
9 3 (0.35%) SpecFlow
9 3 (0.35%) Vagrant
10 2 (0.23%) GitLab
10 2 (0.23%) webpack
General
1 196 (22.79%) Finance
2 75 (8.72%) Banking
3 67 (7.79%) Retail
4 61 (7.09%) Marketing
5 28 (3.26%) Telecoms
6 24 (2.79%) Front Office
6 24 (2.79%) Investment Banking
7 20 (2.33%) Games
7 20 (2.33%) Publishing
8 17 (1.98%) Electronics
9 13 (1.51%) Manufacturing
10 11 (1.28%) Legal
11 9 (1.05%) Advertising
12 8 (0.93%) Automotive
12 8 (0.93%) Law
12 8 (0.93%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.81%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.47%) Aerospace
14 4 (0.47%) Retail Banking
15 3 (0.35%) Billing
Job Titles
1 279 (32.44%) Data Scientist
2 225 (26.16%) Developer
3 94 (10.93%) Data Engineer
4 61 (7.09%) Analyst
5 56 (6.51%) Architect
6 53 (6.16%) Python Developer
7 51 (5.93%) Machine Learning Scientist
8 43 (5.00%) Big Data Engineer
9 39 (4.53%) Java Developer
10 37 (4.30%) Big Data Developer
11 34 (3.95%) Scala Developer
12 30 (3.49%) Machine Learning Engineer
13 27 (3.14%) Software Engineer
14 26 (3.02%) Senior Data Scientist
15 24 (2.79%) Data Analyst
15 24 (2.79%) Data Architect
16 22 (2.56%) Senior Developer
17 21 (2.44%) Business Analyst
17 21 (2.44%) Consultant
18 17 (1.98%) Lead Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 96 (11.16%) Natural Language Processing
2 81 (9.42%) Kafka
3 70 (8.14%) TensorFlow
4 67 (7.79%) Pandas
5 57 (6.63%) NumPy
6 44 (5.12%) scikit-learn
7 39 (4.53%) .NET
8 35 (4.07%) Theano
9 34 (3.95%) D3.js
9 34 (3.95%) REST
9 34 (3.95%) Web Services
10 31 (3.60%) HTML
10 31 (3.60%) Keras
10 31 (3.60%) PySpark
11 29 (3.37%) AngularJS
11 29 (3.37%) RESTful
12 28 (3.26%) Matplotlib
12 28 (3.26%) React
13 26 (3.02%) CSS
14 25 (2.91%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 192 (22.33%) Algorithms
2 162 (18.84%) Analytical Skills
3 134 (15.58%) Computer Science
4 42 (4.88%) Robotics
5 35 (4.07%) User Experience
6 27 (3.14%) Greenfield Project
7 24 (2.79%) Data Structures
7 24 (2.79%) Fintech
8 20 (2.33%) Linked Data
9 13 (1.51%) Mobile App
10 12 (1.40%) Fixed Income
10 12 (1.40%) Management Information System
10 12 (1.40%) Semantic Web
11 11 (1.28%) Linux Command Line
12 8 (0.93%) Data Centre
13 7 (0.81%) Replication
14 6 (0.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 5 (0.58%) Clustering
15 5 (0.58%) Internet of Things
15 5 (0.58%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 90 (10.47%) Linux
2 34 (3.95%) Unix
3 21 (2.44%) Windows
4 10 (1.16%) CentOS
4 10 (1.16%) Windows 10
4 10 (1.16%) Windows 7
5 9 (1.05%) Debian
5 9 (1.05%) Ubuntu
6 8 (0.93%) Android
7 7 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.70%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.47%) Apple iOS
10 3 (0.35%) FreeBSD
10 3 (0.35%) VMS
10 3 (0.35%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 291 (33.84%) Analytics
2 245 (28.49%) Agile Software Development
3 151 (17.56%) Mathematics
4 147 (17.09%) Visualisation
5 145 (16.86%) Statistics
6 114 (13.26%) Artificial Intelligence
7 90 (10.47%) Business Intelligence
8 84 (9.77%) Software Engineering
9 82 (9.53%) Data Analysis
9 82 (9.53%) Open Source
10 77 (8.95%) Data Analytics
11 76 (8.84%) DevOps
11 76 (8.84%) Scrum
12 73 (8.49%) Deep Learning
13 70 (8.14%) Neural Network
14 66 (7.67%) Data Visualisation
15 64 (7.44%) TDD
16 59 (6.86%) ETL
17 50 (5.81%) Continuous Integration
17 50 (5.81%) Predictive Modelling
Programming Languages
1 510 (59.30%) Python
2 247 (28.72%) R
3 228 (26.51%) SQL
4 210 (24.42%) Java
5 180 (20.93%) Scala
6 103 (11.98%) JavaScript
7 68 (7.91%) C#
8 54 (6.28%) C++
9 34 (3.95%) MATLAB
10 28 (3.26%) C
11 22 (2.56%) SPARQL
12 20 (2.33%) Shell Script
13 19 (2.21%) Bash Shell
14 18 (2.09%) Go
15 10 (1.16%) ES6
15 10 (1.16%) Ruby
16 9 (1.05%) Gremlin
16 9 (1.05%) Perl
16 9 (1.05%) T-SQL
17 4 (0.47%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 141 (16.40%) Degree
2 76 (8.84%) PhD
3 34 (3.95%) Security Cleared
4 32 (3.72%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (3.37%) Master's Degree
6 25 (2.91%) SC Cleared
7 10 (1.16%) Numerate Degree
8 6 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
8 6 (0.70%) PMP
8 6 (0.70%) Postgraduate
9 5 (0.58%) DV Cleared
10 2 (0.23%) ISEB
11 1 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
11 1 (0.12%) CCA
11 1 (0.12%) CESG Certified Professional
11 1 (0.12%) CISSP
11 1 (0.12%) Citrix Certification
11 1 (0.12%) MCSA
11 1 (0.12%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (3.72%) QA
2 24 (2.79%) Data Quality
3 11 (1.28%) GDPR
4 9 (1.05%) GCP
5 2 (0.23%) RosettaNet
6 1 (0.12%) BS7666
6 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.12%) PMO
6 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 66 (7.67%) Docker
2 25 (2.91%) Apache Flume
3 22 (2.56%) HDFS
4 9 (1.05%) Samba
5 7 (0.81%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (0.70%) etcd
6 6 (0.70%) Varnish
7 4 (0.47%) Active Directory
8 3 (0.35%) KVM
8 3 (0.35%) pfSense
9 2 (0.23%) Firmware
10 1 (0.12%) Ceph
10 1 (0.12%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.12%) Terminal Services
10 1 (0.12%) XenApp
10 1 (0.12%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 25 (2.91%) Ansible
2 24 (2.79%) Hadoop YARN
3 20 (2.33%) Kubernetes
4 11 (1.28%) Oozie
5 10 (1.16%) Puppet
6 8 (0.93%) logstash
6 8 (0.93%) Terraform
7 7 (0.81%) Kibana
7 7 (0.81%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (0.70%) Consul
8 6 (0.70%) Mesos
9 3 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (0.23%) Ambari
11 1 (0.12%) Failover Clustering
11 1 (0.12%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.12%) Rancher
Vendors
1 99 (11.51%) Tableau
2 73 (8.49%) Microsoft
3 54 (6.28%) Google
4 27 (3.14%) IBM
5 24 (2.79%) SAP
6 20 (2.33%) MapR
7 16 (1.86%) Hortonworks
8 14 (1.63%) Oracle
9 13 (1.51%) Blue Prism
10 10 (1.16%) Cloudera
11 9 (1.05%) Alteryx
12 8 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
12 8 (0.93%) Talend
13 6 (0.70%) Informatica
14 5 (0.58%) Teradata
15 4 (0.47%) iManage
16 3 (0.35%) Facebook
16 3 (0.35%) MicroStrategy
16 3 (0.35%) Twitter
16 3 (0.35%) VMware