Period
to 21 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 21 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
21 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 182 253 425
Rank change year-on-year +71 +172 +219
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 1,418 1,077 458
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.56% 1.07% 0.51%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.79% 1.24% 0.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 993 749 288
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% -4.55%
10th Percentile £388 £403 £363
90th Percentile £700 £678 £750
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -17.39%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 14 10
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +28.57% -6.67%
10th Percentile £13.05 £25.10 £16.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £80.00 £77.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.93 £28.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -18.11% -34.12% +13.33%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,079 87,006 76,854
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.92% 86.44% 85.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,107 57,407 50,397
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
10th Percentile £305 £298 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.17% +5.00% +0.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,114 2,289 2,109
UK median hourly rate £24.91 £22.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.23% -12.00% -
10th Percentile £11.75 £11.17 £11.46
90th Percentile £51.48 £50.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.49 £20.48 £25.00
% change year-on-year +14.73% -18.10% -6.82%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 21 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 21 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 21 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +67 1,351 £550 - 370
London +52 1,014 £550 - 191
UK excluding London +101 369 £500 - 196
South East +68 139 £525 +10.53% 48
North of England +43 71 £500 -9.09% 38
East of England +15 49 £525 -4.55% 52
South West +9 42 £500 +17.65% 23
Yorkshire +37 40 £485 +14.12% 14
Scotland +40 38 £425 -2.30% 13
North West +20 30 £588 +6.82% 22
Midlands +14 19 £513 -24.07% 18
East Midlands +30 11 £725 +7.41% 5
Wales +10 10 £350 -36.36% 3
West Midlands +4 8 £463 -15.91% 13
North East +12 1 £450 -14.29% 2
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 21 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 844 (59.52%) Python
2 743 (52.40%) Data Science
3 598 (42.17%) Analytics
4 488 (34.41%) Artificial Intelligence
5 485 (34.20%) SQL
5 485 (34.20%) Big Data
6 434 (30.61%) Amazon AWS
7 426 (30.04%) Agile Software Development
8 367 (25.88%) Finance
9 366 (25.81%) Apache Spark
10 339 (23.91%) Hadoop
11 298 (21.02%) Java
12 282 (19.89%) Algorithms
13 267 (18.83%) R
14 264 (18.62%) Microsoft Azure
15 235 (16.57%) Analytical Skills
16 232 (16.36%) Docker
17 230 (16.22%) Visualisation
18 225 (15.87%) Google Cloud Platform
19 215 (15.16%) DevOps
20 205 (14.46%) Degree
21 202 (14.25%) Deep Learning
21 202 (14.25%) Apache Hive
22 192 (13.54%) JavaScript
23 190 (13.40%) Mathematics
24 181 (12.76%) NoSQL
25 177 (12.48%) Microservices
26 176 (12.41%) Kafka
27 172 (12.13%) Computer Science
27 172 (12.13%) PhD

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 366 (25.81%) Apache Spark
2 77 (5.43%) Apache
3 51 (3.60%) Confluence
4 48 (3.39%) SAS
5 42 (2.96%) Elasticsearch
6 32 (2.26%) Jupyter
7 19 (1.34%) Apache Airflow
8 10 (0.71%) Apache Solr
9 9 (0.63%) Apache Pig
9 9 (0.63%) nginx
10 8 (0.56%) Skype for Business
11 6 (0.42%) Luigi
12 5 (0.35%) OpenStack
13 4 (0.28%) ColdFusion
13 4 (0.28%) Jetty
14 2 (0.14%) IIS
14 2 (0.14%) Magnolia
15 1 (0.071%) Cloud Foundry
15 1 (0.071%) IPython
15 1 (0.071%) Tornado
Applications
1 31 (2.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (1.76%) Microsoft Office
3 22 (1.55%) Chatbot
4 9 (0.63%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 9 (0.63%) SPSS
5 7 (0.49%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.49%) Stata
6 3 (0.21%) Blender
6 3 (0.21%) Maya
6 3 (0.21%) ZBrush
7 2 (0.14%) InVision
7 2 (0.14%) LaTeX
7 2 (0.14%) Simulink
7 2 (0.14%) Sketch
7 2 (0.14%) Weka
7 2 (0.14%) Zeplin
8 1 (0.071%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.071%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 14 (0.99%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
2 5 (0.35%) Dynamics NAV
3 4 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.071%) 3000 Xtra
5 1 (0.071%) FastStats
5 1 (0.071%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.071%) Oracle Retail
5 1 (0.071%) RMDS
5 1 (0.071%) SAP MDG
5 1 (0.071%) SAP MDM
Cloud Services
1 434 (30.61%) Amazon AWS
2 264 (18.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 225 (15.87%) Google Cloud Platform
4 69 (4.87%) Power Platform
5 66 (4.65%) Amazon EMR
6 60 (4.23%) Serverless
7 54 (3.81%) SaaS
8 41 (2.89%) AWS Lambda
9 40 (2.82%) PaaS
10 37 (2.61%) Azure Machine Learning
11 34 (2.40%) Amazon S3
12 27 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
13 25 (1.76%) GitHub
14 23 (1.62%) Amazon SQS
15 22 (1.55%) Amazon SageMaker
16 17 (1.20%) Amazon Kinesis
17 16 (1.13%) IaaS
18 14 (0.99%) Azure Data Factory
19 13 (0.92%) Azure Functions
19 13 (0.92%) Data Lake Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 17 (1.20%) Internet
2 12 (0.85%) Firewall
3 11 (0.78%) HTTP
3 11 (0.78%) Skype
4 8 (0.56%) DSL
4 8 (0.56%) SSL
4 8 (0.56%) WebEx
5 7 (0.49%) DNS
6 5 (0.35%) VPN
7 4 (0.28%) FTP
8 3 (0.21%) AMQP
8 3 (0.21%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.14%) Reverse Proxy
9 2 (0.14%) TCP/IP
9 2 (0.14%) X.509
10 1 (0.071%) DAB
10 1 (0.071%) DHCP
10 1 (0.071%) DWDM
10 1 (0.071%) Network Security
10 1 (0.071%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 485 (34.20%) Big Data
2 339 (23.91%) Hadoop
3 202 (14.25%) Apache Hive
4 181 (12.76%) NoSQL
5 149 (10.51%) Data Warehouse
6 121 (8.53%) Apache Cassandra
7 118 (8.32%) MongoDB
8 73 (5.15%) Data Mining
9 69 (4.87%) Power BI
10 67 (4.72%) Relational Database
11 65 (4.58%) PostgreSQL
12 63 (4.44%) OLAP
13 60 (4.23%) Data Lake
13 60 (4.23%) SQL Server
14 56 (3.95%) Star Schema
15 55 (3.88%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
16 54 (3.81%) OLAP Cube
17 49 (3.46%) Text Mining
18 45 (3.17%) MySQL
19 42 (2.96%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 125 (8.82%) Jenkins
2 114 (8.04%) Git (software)
3 103 (7.26%) JIRA
4 45 (3.17%) Bitbucket
5 39 (2.75%) Pylint
5 39 (2.75%) Sourcetree
6 25 (1.76%) GitLab
7 20 (1.41%) Selenium
8 17 (1.20%) Artifactory
9 14 (0.99%) Visual Studio Team System
10 13 (0.92%) CircleCI
10 13 (0.92%) Maven
11 10 (0.71%) Visual Studio
12 9 (0.63%) JUnit
12 9 (0.63%) PhantomJS
12 9 (0.63%) SonarQube
13 8 (0.56%) GoCD
13 8 (0.56%) Gradle
14 7 (0.49%) Mockito
14 7 (0.49%) TeamCity
General
1 367 (25.88%) Finance
2 154 (10.86%) Banking
3 84 (5.92%) Marketing
4 83 (5.85%) Retail
5 37 (2.61%) Front Office
5 37 (2.61%) Legal
6 35 (2.47%) Investment Banking
7 28 (1.97%) Telecoms
8 27 (1.90%) Law
9 21 (1.48%) Games
10 20 (1.41%) Manufacturing
11 18 (1.27%) Financial Institution
12 17 (1.20%) Advertising
13 11 (0.78%) Publishing
14 10 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
15 8 (0.56%) Electronics
15 8 (0.56%) Retail Banking
16 5 (0.35%) Multimedia
17 4 (0.28%) German Language
17 4 (0.28%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 350 (24.68%) Data Scientist
2 308 (21.72%) Developer
3 237 (16.71%) Data Engineer
4 150 (10.58%) Python Engineer
5 140 (9.87%) Architect
6 120 (8.46%) Python Developer
7 87 (6.14%) Analyst
8 73 (5.15%) DevOps Engineer
9 59 (4.16%) Hadoop Engineer
10 56 (3.95%) Senior Data Scientist
11 55 (3.88%) Solutions Architect
12 53 (3.74%) Big Data Engineer
13 45 (3.17%) Machine Learning Scientist
14 43 (3.03%) Consultant
14 43 (3.03%) Data Analyst
14 43 (3.03%) Machine Learning Engineer
15 42 (2.96%) Data Architect
15 42 (2.96%) Software Engineer
16 33 (2.33%) JavaScript Developer
17 32 (2.26%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 176 (12.41%) Kafka
2 161 (11.35%) Natural Language Processing
3 151 (10.65%) TensorFlow
4 114 (8.04%) Pandas
5 105 (7.40%) React
6 103 (7.26%) Web Services
7 97 (6.84%) PySpark
8 89 (6.28%) RESTful
9 75 (5.29%) .NET
10 74 (5.22%) HTML
10 74 (5.22%) scikit-learn
11 72 (5.08%) NumPy
12 70 (4.94%) Redux
13 69 (4.87%) REST
14 58 (4.09%) AngularJS
15 57 (4.02%) CSS
16 51 (3.60%) Anaconda
17 50 (3.53%) pytest
18 49 (3.46%) Elastic Stack
19 48 (3.39%) Keras
Miscellaneous
1 282 (19.89%) Algorithms
2 235 (16.57%) Analytical Skills
3 62 (4.37%) Data Structures
4 59 (4.16%) User Experience
5 57 (4.02%) Fintech
6 51 (3.60%) Greenfield Project
7 37 (2.61%) Robotics
8 17 (1.20%) Self-Motivation
9 16 (1.13%) Life Science
10 15 (1.06%) Mobile App
10 15 (1.06%) Public Cloud
11 13 (0.92%) Virtual Team
12 11 (0.78%) Industry 4.0
12 11 (0.78%) Management Information System
13 10 (0.71%) Internet of Things
14 9 (0.63%) FMCG
14 9 (0.63%) Taxonomies
15 8 (0.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 8 (0.56%) N-Tier
15 8 (0.56%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 120 (8.46%) Linux
2 41 (2.89%) Windows
3 35 (2.47%) Unix
4 19 (1.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 14 (0.99%) Android
6 11 (0.78%) Apple iOS
7 10 (0.71%) CentOS
8 9 (0.63%) Solaris
9 4 (0.28%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.28%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.21%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.071%) Embedded Linux
11 1 (0.071%) MVS
11 1 (0.071%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 743 (52.40%) Data Science
2 598 (42.17%) Analytics
3 488 (34.41%) Artificial Intelligence
4 426 (30.04%) Agile Software Development
5 230 (16.22%) Visualisation
6 215 (15.16%) DevOps
7 202 (14.25%) Deep Learning
8 190 (13.40%) Mathematics
9 177 (12.48%) Microservices
10 172 (12.13%) Computer Science
11 165 (11.64%) Data Modelling
11 165 (11.64%) Software Engineering
12 159 (11.21%) Open Source
13 151 (10.65%) Data Visualisation
14 145 (10.23%) Data Analytics
15 137 (9.66%) Problem-Solving
16 127 (8.96%) Business Intelligence
17 123 (8.67%) Data Analysis
18 119 (8.39%) Statistics
19 111 (7.83%) Statistical Modelling
Programming Languages
1 844 (59.52%) Python
2 485 (34.20%) SQL
3 298 (21.02%) Java
4 267 (18.83%) R
5 192 (13.54%) JavaScript
6 150 (10.58%) Scala
7 118 (8.32%) C++
8 108 (7.62%) C#
9 69 (4.87%) C
10 49 (3.46%) MATLAB
11 33 (2.33%) Bash Shell
12 27 (1.90%) PowerShell
13 26 (1.83%) Go
14 24 (1.69%) PHP
14 24 (1.69%) T-SQL
15 23 (1.62%) Perl
16 16 (1.13%) Java 8
16 16 (1.13%) Ruby
16 16 (1.13%) TypeScript
17 12 (0.85%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 205 (14.46%) Degree
2 172 (12.13%) PhD
3 88 (6.21%) Master's Degree
4 43 (3.03%) Security Cleared
5 35 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
6 22 (1.55%) DV Cleared
6 22 (1.55%) Numerate Degree
7 21 (1.48%) SC Cleared
8 12 (0.85%) AWS Certification
9 4 (0.28%) MBA
9 4 (0.28%) PMI Certification
9 4 (0.28%) Postgraduate
10 3 (0.21%) PMP
10 3 (0.21%) TOGAF Certification
11 2 (0.14%) CBAP
11 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.14%) Six Sigma Black Belt
12 1 (0.071%) BPSS Clearance
12 1 (0.071%) MCITP
12 1 (0.071%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 88 (6.21%) Data Quality
2 30 (2.12%) QA
3 14 (0.99%) GDPR
4 4 (0.28%) FATCA
4 4 (0.28%) MiFID
5 2 (0.14%) PMO
5 2 (0.14%) PSD2
5 2 (0.14%) SLA
6 1 (0.071%) Actionable Recommendations
6 1 (0.071%) Def Stans
6 1 (0.071%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.071%) GxP
6 1 (0.071%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 232 (16.36%) Docker
2 22 (1.55%) Apache Flume
3 20 (1.41%) HDFS
4 6 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.35%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.14%) Ceph
7 2 (0.14%) etcd
8 1 (0.071%) Terminal Server
8 1 (0.071%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 153 (10.79%) Kubernetes
2 61 (4.30%) Terraform
3 57 (4.02%) Oozie
4 28 (1.97%) Ansible
5 14 (0.99%) Kibana
6 13 (0.92%) Puppet
7 9 (0.63%) Istio
7 9 (0.63%) logstash
7 9 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
8 7 (0.49%) Prometheus
9 5 (0.35%) Consul
9 5 (0.35%) Knative
9 5 (0.35%) Nagios
10 4 (0.28%) Grafana
10 4 (0.28%) Graphite
10 4 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
10 4 (0.28%) StatsD
11 3 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.21%) PowerCLI
11 3 (0.21%) Rancher
Vendors
1 145 (10.23%) Google
2 112 (7.90%) Microsoft
3 90 (6.35%) Tableau
4 64 (4.51%) Hortonworks
5 52 (3.67%) Cloudera
6 45 (3.17%) Splunk
7 38 (2.68%) Oracle
8 22 (1.55%) Databricks
9 15 (1.06%) New Relic
9 15 (1.06%) ServiceNow
10 13 (0.92%) SAP
11 12 (0.85%) MicroStrategy
11 12 (0.85%) Red Hat
12 11 (0.78%) Talend
13 10 (0.71%) Automation Anywhere
13 10 (0.71%) Blue Prism
13 10 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
13 10 (0.71%) UiPath
14 9 (0.63%) Alteryx
15 8 (0.56%) Informatica