Period
to 17 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 17 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
17 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 304 497 712
Rank change year-on-year +193 +215 +100
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 845 442 181
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.82% 0.42% 0.16%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.97% 0.50% 0.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 598 302 122
UK median daily rate £538 £500 £520
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.50% -3.85% +4.00%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £319
90th Percentile £700 £675 £667
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £520
% change year-on-year +5.56% -13.46% +60.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 6 5
UK median hourly rate £32.17 £23.25 £65.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +38.37% -64.23% -
10th Percentile £19.34 £17.94 £57.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £26.00 £80.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.34 £26.00 £65.00
% change year-on-year -25.62% -60.00% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86890 88941 94016
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.52% 83.93% 81.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 57867 58786 60918
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £626 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2052 2351 2749
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.04% +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.43 £11.25 £11.50
90th Percentile £49.75 £48.75 £47.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.02 £24.37 £23.35
% change year-on-year -1.42% +4.35% +16.75%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 17 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 17 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 17 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +195 818 £548 +8.42% 229
London +140 630 £550 +4.76% 124
UK excluding London +98 203 £475 +5.56% 107
South East +18 57 £500 -13.04% 20
Midlands +45 43 £425 -5.56% 10
North of England +82 35 £400 -16.88% 22
North West +43 25 £400 -16.88% 18
South West +7 25 £425 - 8
East of England -12 24 £525 +59.09% 44
East Midlands +11 21 £463 -15.86% 2
West Midlands +29 20 £425 -5.50% 8
Scotland +6 19 £406 - 1
Yorkshire +31 10 £400 -20.00% 4
Wales +6 2 - - 2

For the 6 months to 17 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 473 (55.98%) Python
2 329 (38.93%) Big Data
3 301 (35.62%) Analytics
4 275 (32.54%) Apache Spark
5 258 (30.53%) SQL
6 254 (30.06%) R
7 252 (29.82%) Agile Software Development
8 239 (28.28%) Hadoop
9 235 (27.81%) Java
10 196 (23.20%) Finance
11 185 (21.89%) Algorithms
12 180 (21.30%) Scala
13 178 (21.07%) Amazon AWS
14 148 (17.51%) Mathematics
15 145 (17.16%) Analytical Skills
16 142 (16.80%) Visualisation
17 141 (16.69%) Degree
18 131 (15.50%) Computer Science
18 131 (15.50%) NoSQL
19 124 (14.67%) Microsoft Azure
20 119 (14.08%) JavaScript
21 116 (13.73%) Statistics
22 115 (13.61%) Artificial Intelligence
23 104 (12.31%) Business Intelligence
24 102 (12.07%) MongoDB
25 99 (11.72%) Scrum
26 93 (11.01%) Data Visualisation
27 92 (10.89%) Kafka
28 91 (10.77%) Natural Language Processing
29 89 (10.53%) Apache

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 275 (32.54%) Apache Spark
2 89 (10.53%) Apache
3 58 (6.86%) Elasticsearch
4 42 (4.97%) SAS
5 35 (4.14%) Apache Pig
6 26 (3.08%) Apache Solr
7 9 (1.07%) Cloud Foundry
8 8 (0.95%) Confluence
9 6 (0.71%) Jupyter
10 4 (0.47%) ArcGIS
10 4 (0.47%) nginx
10 4 (0.47%) SharePoint
11 3 (0.36%) IIS
11 3 (0.36%) OpenStack
12 2 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
12 2 (0.24%) Facebook Platform
12 2 (0.24%) GeoServer
12 2 (0.24%) Tomcat
13 1 (0.12%) Documentum
13 1 (0.12%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 21 (2.49%) SPSS
2 13 (1.54%) Chatbot
2 13 (1.54%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.71%) Weka
4 5 (0.59%) Stata
5 4 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.24%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.12%) Gephi
7 1 (0.12%) GNU Octave
7 1 (0.12%) InVision
7 1 (0.12%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 4 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.24%) PeopleSoft HCM
3 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.12%) Primavera
3 1 (0.12%) Relativity
3 1 (0.12%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 178 (21.07%) Amazon AWS
2 124 (14.67%) Microsoft Azure
3 32 (3.79%) Google Cloud Platform
4 19 (2.25%) Azure Machine Learning
5 17 (2.01%) SaaS
6 16 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
7 15 (1.78%) Amazon EMR
8 14 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
8 14 (1.66%) Serverless
9 13 (1.54%) Amazon Kinesis
9 13 (1.54%) Amazon S3
9 13 (1.54%) Azure Data Factory
10 11 (1.30%) GitHub
11 10 (1.18%) Dialogflow
12 9 (1.07%) AWS CloudFormation
13 8 (0.95%) Data Lake Analytics
13 8 (0.95%) PaaS
14 4 (0.47%) AWS Lambda
14 4 (0.47%) Azure Active Directory
14 4 (0.47%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.18%) HTTP
2 9 (1.07%) LDAP
3 4 (0.47%) Internet
3 4 (0.47%) Intranet
4 3 (0.36%) DNS
4 3 (0.36%) Firewall
4 3 (0.36%) OpenVPN
5 1 (0.12%) AMQP
5 1 (0.12%) Broadband
5 1 (0.12%) Intrusion Detection
5 1 (0.12%) MQTT
5 1 (0.12%) NetScaler
5 1 (0.12%) SMS
5 1 (0.12%) SNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 329 (38.93%) Big Data
2 239 (28.28%) Hadoop
3 131 (15.50%) NoSQL
4 102 (12.07%) MongoDB
5 77 (9.11%) Data Mining
6 75 (8.88%) Apache Cassandra
7 74 (8.76%) Apache Hive
8 65 (7.69%) SQL Server
9 46 (5.44%) Data Warehouse
10 42 (4.97%) BusinessObjects
11 34 (4.02%) HBase
12 32 (3.79%) MySQL
12 32 (3.79%) Relational Database
13 29 (3.43%) Data Lake
14 28 (3.31%) Power BI
15 26 (3.08%) Blockchain
16 23 (2.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 22 (2.60%) Amazon Redshift
17 22 (2.60%) Impala
17 22 (2.60%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 39 (4.62%) JIRA
2 33 (3.91%) Git (software)
3 23 (2.72%) Jenkins
4 9 (1.07%) Selenium
5 7 (0.83%) Grunt
5 7 (0.83%) gulp
6 6 (0.71%) Team Foundation Server
7 5 (0.59%) Vagrant
7 5 (0.59%) Visual Studio
8 4 (0.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 4 (0.47%) SpecFlow
8 4 (0.47%) TeamCity
9 3 (0.36%) JUnit
9 3 (0.36%) Maven
9 3 (0.36%) Talend Open Studio
9 3 (0.36%) Visual Studio Team System
10 2 (0.24%) GoCD
10 2 (0.24%) Gradle
10 2 (0.24%) PyCharm
10 2 (0.24%) Subversion
General
1 196 (23.20%) Finance
2 77 (9.11%) Banking
3 51 (6.04%) Retail
4 47 (5.56%) Marketing
5 38 (4.50%) Front Office
6 26 (3.08%) Investment Banking
6 26 (3.08%) Telecoms
7 22 (2.60%) Publishing
8 15 (1.78%) Electronics
9 14 (1.66%) Manufacturing
10 11 (1.30%) Games
10 11 (1.30%) Pharmaceutical
11 10 (1.18%) Legal
12 8 (0.95%) Law
13 6 (0.71%) Advertising
13 6 (0.71%) Financial Institution
14 5 (0.59%) Aerospace
14 5 (0.59%) Automotive
15 3 (0.36%) General Ledger
16 2 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 253 (29.94%) Developer
2 242 (28.64%) Data Scientist
3 92 (10.89%) Data Engineer
4 77 (9.11%) Analyst
5 69 (8.17%) Architect
6 65 (7.69%) Python Developer
7 60 (7.10%) Java Developer
8 54 (6.39%) Scala Developer
9 53 (6.27%) Big Data Developer
10 52 (6.15%) Machine Learning Scientist
11 43 (5.09%) Big Data Engineer
12 37 (4.38%) Business Analyst
13 31 (3.67%) Software Engineer
14 30 (3.55%) Senior Data Scientist
15 26 (3.08%) Data Analyst
15 26 (3.08%) Data Architect
16 21 (2.49%) Apache Spark Developer
16 21 (2.49%) Java Engineer
17 18 (2.13%) Lead Architect
17 18 (2.13%) Machine Learning Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 92 (10.89%) Kafka
2 91 (10.77%) Natural Language Processing
3 69 (8.17%) JSON
4 68 (8.05%) Web Services
5 63 (7.46%) REST
6 52 (6.15%) TensorFlow
7 45 (5.33%) Pandas
8 40 (4.73%) .NET
9 37 (4.38%) HTML
10 36 (4.26%) scikit-learn
11 34 (4.02%) CSS
11 34 (4.02%) D3.js
12 32 (3.79%) NumPy
13 31 (3.67%) AngularJS
14 29 (3.43%) RESTful
14 29 (3.43%) Theano
15 27 (3.20%) Akka
15 27 (3.20%) Django
16 25 (2.96%) Keras
17 23 (2.72%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 185 (21.89%) Algorithms
2 145 (17.16%) Analytical Skills
3 131 (15.50%) Computer Science
4 41 (4.85%) Robotics
5 27 (3.20%) Greenfield Project
6 24 (2.84%) User Experience
7 21 (2.49%) Fintech
8 19 (2.25%) Market Risk
9 14 (1.66%) Data Structures
9 14 (1.66%) Linked Data
9 14 (1.66%) Management Information System
9 14 (1.66%) Semantic Web
10 13 (1.54%) Fixed Income
11 9 (1.07%) Data Centre
11 9 (1.07%) Mobile App
11 9 (1.07%) Replication
12 6 (0.71%) Clustering
12 6 (0.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 6 (0.71%) Hybrid Cloud
12 6 (0.71%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 89 (10.53%) Linux
2 41 (4.85%) Unix
3 28 (3.31%) Windows
4 12 (1.42%) CentOS
5 10 (1.18%) Windows 10
5 10 (1.18%) Windows 7
6 9 (1.07%) Debian
6 9 (1.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (1.07%) Ubuntu
7 8 (0.95%) Android
8 6 (0.71%) Apple iOS
8 6 (0.71%) Mac OS
9 5 (0.59%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.36%) FreeBSD
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 301 (35.62%) Analytics
2 252 (29.82%) Agile Software Development
3 148 (17.51%) Mathematics
4 142 (16.80%) Visualisation
5 116 (13.73%) Statistics
6 115 (13.61%) Artificial Intelligence
7 104 (12.31%) Business Intelligence
8 99 (11.72%) Scrum
9 93 (11.01%) Data Visualisation
10 85 (10.06%) Software Engineering
11 73 (8.64%) TDD
12 71 (8.40%) Neural Network
12 71 (8.40%) Open Source
13 70 (8.28%) DevOps
14 68 (8.05%) Data Analysis
14 68 (8.05%) Data Analytics
15 60 (7.10%) Data Modelling
16 59 (6.98%) ETL
17 56 (6.63%) Predictive Analytics
18 52 (6.15%) Predictive Modelling
Programming Languages
1 473 (55.98%) Python
2 258 (30.53%) SQL
3 254 (30.06%) R
4 235 (27.81%) Java
5 180 (21.30%) Scala
6 119 (14.08%) JavaScript
7 82 (9.70%) C#
8 40 (4.73%) C++
9 34 (4.02%) MATLAB
10 30 (3.55%) SPARQL
11 25 (2.96%) Shell Script
12 20 (2.37%) Bash Shell
13 14 (1.66%) C
14 11 (1.30%) ES6
15 9 (1.07%) Go
15 9 (1.07%) Perl
15 9 (1.07%) VBA
16 8 (0.95%) Ruby
16 8 (0.95%) T-SQL
17 7 (0.83%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 141 (16.69%) Degree
2 63 (7.46%) PhD
3 43 (5.09%) Security Cleared
4 33 (3.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 31 (3.67%) SC Cleared
6 18 (2.13%) Master's Degree
7 13 (1.54%) Numerate Degree
8 8 (0.95%) BPSS Clearance
9 7 (0.83%) Postgraduate
10 6 (0.71%) PMP
11 5 (0.59%) ISEB
11 5 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
12 4 (0.47%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.24%) CISSP
14 1 (0.12%) CCA
14 1 (0.12%) CESG Certified Professional
14 1 (0.12%) Citrix Certification
14 1 (0.12%) DBS Check
14 1 (0.12%) MCSA
14 1 (0.12%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (4.38%) QA
2 23 (2.72%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.36%) GCP
3 3 (0.36%) GDPR
4 2 (0.24%) RosettaNet
5 1 (0.12%) BS7666
5 1 (0.12%) ISO 9000
5 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.12%) MiFID
5 1 (0.12%) PMO
System Software
1 59 (6.98%) Docker
2 20 (2.37%) HDFS
3 14 (1.66%) Apache Flume
4 9 (1.07%) Samba
5 8 (0.95%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (0.71%) Active Directory
6 6 (0.71%) etcd
6 6 (0.71%) Varnish
7 3 (0.36%) KVM
7 3 (0.36%) pfSense
8 1 (0.12%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.12%) Terminal Services
8 1 (0.12%) XenApp
8 1 (0.12%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 29 (3.43%) Ansible
2 27 (3.20%) Hadoop YARN
3 15 (1.78%) Mesos
4 14 (1.66%) Terraform
5 12 (1.42%) Oozie
5 12 (1.42%) Puppet
6 8 (0.95%) Kubernetes
6 8 (0.95%) logstash
6 8 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.83%) Kibana
8 6 (0.71%) Consul
9 1 (0.12%) Ambari
9 1 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.12%) Failover Clustering
9 1 (0.12%) Rancher
Vendors
1 79 (9.35%) Tableau
2 65 (7.69%) Microsoft
3 37 (4.38%) SAP
4 34 (4.02%) Google
5 23 (2.72%) IBM
6 18 (2.13%) Oracle
7 14 (1.66%) Cloudera
8 13 (1.54%) Blue Prism
9 12 (1.42%) Hortonworks
10 7 (0.83%) Informatica
11 6 (0.71%) Alteryx
11 6 (0.71%) MicroStrategy
11 6 (0.71%) Splunk
12 5 (0.59%) Progress
12 5 (0.59%) Twitter
12 5 (0.59%) VMware
13 4 (0.47%) Teradata
14 3 (0.36%) Cognos
14 3 (0.36%) Facebook
14 3 (0.36%) Salesforce.com