Period
to 17 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 17 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
17 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 251 366 618
Rank change year-on-year +115 +252 +95
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 1,141 612 288
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.10% 0.64% 0.26%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.28% 0.76% 0.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 804 396 168
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% - -9.09%
10th Percentile £400 £363 £379
90th Percentile £675 £725 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -21.91%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 10 9
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £35.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.57% -26.32% -40.63%
10th Percentile £20.98 £16.25 £33.00
90th Percentile £51.50 £77.50 £59.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.88% +13.33% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,891 80,637 92,773
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.77% 84.89% 84.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,622 52,775 61,088
UK median daily rate £450 £445 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £601
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,428 2,131 2,298
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £25.00 £24.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.00% +1.01% +15.12%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.50 £11.72
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% - +16.01%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +119 1,081 £550 +10.00% 593
London +71 814 £550 - 330
UK excluding London +102 308 £500 +5.26% 289
South East +42 129 £475 +11.76% 80
North of England +37 58 £550 - 38
Scotland -19 45 £400 -20.00% 22
North West +21 44 £550 - 27
East of England +23 27 £521 +4.10% 75
Midlands -13 22 £675 +50.00% 19
South West -3 20 £450 -23.08% 49
West Midlands -15 13 £500 +11.11% 9
East Midlands -6 9 £675 +42.03% 10
Yorkshire - 8 £425 - 8
Wales -8 7 £550 - 4
North East - 6 £650 - 3

For the 6 months to 17 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 634 (55.57%) Python
2 521 (45.66%) Data Science
3 420 (36.81%) Big Data
4 404 (35.41%) Analytics
5 371 (32.52%) Agile Software Development
6 370 (32.43%) Finance
7 356 (31.20%) SQL
8 328 (28.75%) Apache Spark
9 306 (26.82%) Artificial Intelligence
10 299 (26.21%) Hadoop
11 273 (23.93%) Java
12 272 (23.84%) Algorithms
13 270 (23.66%) Amazon AWS
14 248 (21.74%) R
15 206 (18.05%) Scala
16 195 (17.09%) Kafka
17 194 (17.00%) Analytical Skills
18 192 (16.83%) Mathematics
19 180 (15.78%) Degree
19 180 (15.78%) NoSQL
20 179 (15.69%) Computer Science
21 173 (15.16%) Microsoft Azure
22 156 (13.67%) Visualisation
23 155 (13.58%) Apache Hive
24 152 (13.32%) Statistics
25 149 (13.06%) Apache Cassandra
26 139 (12.18%) JavaScript
27 135 (11.83%) Docker
28 133 (11.66%) Software Engineering
29 129 (11.31%) Natural Language Processing

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 328 (28.75%) Apache Spark
2 90 (7.89%) Apache
3 66 (5.78%) Elasticsearch
4 50 (4.38%) SAS
5 47 (4.12%) Apache Pig
6 41 (3.59%) Jupyter
7 24 (2.10%) Apache Solr
8 20 (1.75%) Confluence
9 19 (1.67%) Cloud Foundry
10 17 (1.49%) Ethereum
10 17 (1.49%) Hyperledger
11 14 (1.23%) nginx
12 6 (0.53%) Apache Airflow
12 6 (0.53%) CMS
12 6 (0.53%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.35%) OpenStack
14 3 (0.26%) Luigi
15 2 (0.18%) ArcGIS
15 2 (0.18%) BizTalk Server
15 2 (0.18%) WebLogic
Applications
1 27 (2.37%) Chatbot
2 11 (0.96%) SPSS
3 10 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.26%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.088%) GIMP
6 1 (0.088%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.088%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.088%) Stata
6 1 (0.088%) Weka
Business Applications
1 9 (0.79%) Distributed Ledger
2 7 (0.61%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 4 (0.35%) R3 Corda
3 4 (0.35%) Summit
4 3 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.18%) HiPortfolio
6 1 (0.088%) Finacle
6 1 (0.088%) FLEXCUBE
6 1 (0.088%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.088%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.088%) Revive Adserver
6 1 (0.088%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 270 (23.66%) Amazon AWS
2 173 (15.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 74 (6.49%) Google Cloud Platform
4 40 (3.51%) Azure Machine Learning
5 39 (3.42%) PaaS
6 36 (3.16%) Cloud Computing
7 34 (2.98%) Amazon S3
8 27 (2.37%) Serverless
9 25 (2.19%) Amazon EC2
10 24 (2.10%) Azure Data Factory
11 20 (1.75%) GitHub
11 20 (1.75%) SaaS
12 16 (1.40%) Data Lake Analytics
13 15 (1.31%) Google Analytics
14 12 (1.05%) Amazon EMR
14 12 (1.05%) Amazon Kinesis
14 12 (1.05%) AWS CloudFormation
14 12 (1.05%) IaaS
15 11 (0.96%) AWS Lambda
16 9 (0.79%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.37%) HTTP
2 11 (0.96%) SSL
3 9 (0.79%) SMS
4 8 (0.70%) Internet
4 8 (0.70%) VPN
5 7 (0.61%) Kerberos
6 5 (0.44%) SNA
6 5 (0.44%) TCP/IP
7 3 (0.26%) Intrusion Detection
7 3 (0.26%) Network Security
8 2 (0.18%) AMQP
8 2 (0.18%) Firewall
9 1 (0.088%) 2G
9 1 (0.088%) 4G
9 1 (0.088%) DNS
9 1 (0.088%) Ethernet
9 1 (0.088%) FlexRay
9 1 (0.088%) IPsec
9 1 (0.088%) WebEx
9 1 (0.088%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 420 (36.81%) Big Data
2 299 (26.21%) Hadoop
3 180 (15.78%) NoSQL
4 155 (13.58%) Apache Hive
5 149 (13.06%) Apache Cassandra
6 125 (10.96%) Data Warehouse
7 124 (10.87%) MongoDB
8 84 (7.36%) Data Mining
9 83 (7.27%) Relational Database
10 67 (5.87%) Power BI
11 58 (5.08%) OLAP
12 56 (4.91%) Data Lake
13 55 (4.82%) SQL Server
14 54 (4.73%) HBase
15 51 (4.47%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
16 50 (4.38%) OLAP Cube
16 50 (4.38%) Star Schema
17 48 (4.21%) MySQL
18 45 (3.94%) PostgreSQL
19 38 (3.33%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 121 (10.60%) Git (software)
2 65 (5.70%) Jenkins
3 53 (4.65%) JIRA
4 25 (2.19%) Visual Studio Team System
5 17 (1.49%) GitLab
6 16 (1.40%) webpack
7 13 (1.14%) TeamCity
7 13 (1.14%) Visual Studio
8 12 (1.05%) Jasmine
8 12 (1.05%) Maven
9 11 (0.96%) Eclipse
9 11 (0.96%) PhantomJS
9 11 (0.96%) Selenium
10 10 (0.88%) Grunt
10 10 (0.88%) gulp
10 10 (0.88%) Octopus Deploy
10 10 (0.88%) Team Foundation Server
11 8 (0.70%) Cucumber
11 8 (0.70%) JUnit
11 8 (0.70%) Subversion
General
1 370 (32.43%) Finance
2 99 (8.68%) Banking
3 72 (6.31%) Marketing
4 59 (5.17%) Retail
5 46 (4.03%) Games
6 32 (2.80%) Front Office
7 31 (2.72%) Telecoms
8 27 (2.37%) Manufacturing
9 23 (2.02%) Investment Banking
10 20 (1.75%) Electronics
11 15 (1.31%) Advertising
12 14 (1.23%) Retail Banking
13 8 (0.70%) Financial Institution
13 8 (0.70%) Law
14 7 (0.61%) Legal
15 6 (0.53%) Publishing
16 5 (0.44%) Automotive
16 5 (0.44%) Digital Economy
17 4 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
18 3 (0.26%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 382 (33.48%) Developer
2 267 (23.40%) Data Scientist
3 148 (12.97%) Data Engineer
4 95 (8.33%) Python Developer
5 65 (5.70%) Java Developer
6 62 (5.43%) Architect
7 56 (4.91%) Analyst
8 55 (4.82%) Hadoop Engineer
9 53 (4.65%) Scala Developer
10 51 (4.47%) Big Data Engineer
10 51 (4.47%) Machine Learning Developer
11 47 (4.12%) Senior Developer
12 39 (3.42%) Python Engineer
13 37 (3.24%) AWS Engineer
14 36 (3.16%) Software Engineer
15 31 (2.72%) Machine Learning Scientist
15 31 (2.72%) Senior Data Scientist
16 29 (2.54%) Senior Data Engineer
17 27 (2.37%) Big Data Developer
17 27 (2.37%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 195 (17.09%) Kafka
2 129 (11.31%) Natural Language Processing
3 113 (9.90%) TensorFlow
4 84 (7.36%) Pandas
5 82 (7.19%) React
6 77 (6.75%) HTML
7 70 (6.13%) REST
8 67 (5.87%) Keras
9 63 (5.52%) NumPy
10 60 (5.26%) AngularJS
11 49 (4.29%) CSS
11 49 (4.29%) RESTful
12 48 (4.21%) Node.js
13 46 (4.03%) .NET
14 45 (3.94%) PySpark
15 43 (3.77%) Spring
16 42 (3.68%) scikit-learn
17 40 (3.51%) D3.js
18 39 (3.42%) Akka
19 36 (3.16%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 272 (23.84%) Algorithms
2 194 (17.00%) Analytical Skills
3 179 (15.69%) Computer Science
4 62 (5.43%) Data Structures
5 54 (4.73%) Greenfield Project
6 40 (3.51%) Fintech
7 34 (2.98%) Mobile App
8 24 (2.10%) Robotics
8 24 (2.10%) User Experience
9 13 (1.14%) Bitcoin
9 13 (1.14%) Blog
9 13 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
9 13 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
10 11 (0.96%) iPad
11 10 (0.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 9 (0.79%) Enterprise Software
12 9 (0.79%) Equities
12 9 (0.79%) Hedge funds
12 9 (0.79%) Virtual Team
13 8 (0.70%) Minimum Viable Product
Operating Systems
1 122 (10.69%) Linux
2 61 (5.35%) Unix
3 21 (1.84%) Windows
4 15 (1.31%) Android
5 8 (0.70%) Apple iOS
6 7 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (0.61%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.53%) CentOS
8 3 (0.26%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.088%) AIX
9 1 (0.088%) Amazon Linux
9 1 (0.088%) HPUX
9 1 (0.088%) Solaris
9 1 (0.088%) VMS
9 1 (0.088%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 521 (45.66%) Data Science
2 404 (35.41%) Analytics
3 371 (32.52%) Agile Software Development
4 306 (26.82%) Artificial Intelligence
5 192 (16.83%) Mathematics
6 156 (13.67%) Visualisation
7 152 (13.32%) Statistics
8 133 (11.66%) Software Engineering
9 127 (11.13%) Business Intelligence
9 127 (11.13%) Problem-Solving
10 125 (10.96%) Data Modelling
11 121 (10.60%) Deep Learning
11 121 (10.60%) DevOps
12 119 (10.43%) TDD
13 115 (10.08%) Scrum
14 108 (9.47%) Continuous Integration
15 92 (8.06%) ETL
15 92 (8.06%) Open Source
16 85 (7.45%) Data Analytics
17 76 (6.66%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 634 (55.57%) Python
2 356 (31.20%) SQL
3 273 (23.93%) Java
4 248 (21.74%) R
5 206 (18.05%) Scala
6 139 (12.18%) JavaScript
7 75 (6.57%) C++
8 73 (6.40%) C#
9 47 (4.12%) Go
10 46 (4.03%) C
11 43 (3.77%) MATLAB
12 31 (2.72%) Perl
13 28 (2.45%) Bash Shell
13 28 (2.45%) Ruby
14 26 (2.28%) Java 8
15 17 (1.49%) ES6
16 15 (1.31%) TypeScript
16 15 (1.31%) U-SQL
17 11 (0.96%) Shell Script
18 10 (0.88%) PHP
Qualifications
1 180 (15.78%) Degree
2 83 (7.27%) PhD
3 44 (3.86%) Computer Science Degree
4 38 (3.33%) Master's Degree
5 27 (2.37%) Security Cleared
6 22 (1.93%) SC Cleared
7 15 (1.31%) Numerate Degree
8 10 (0.88%) Microsoft Certification
9 7 (0.61%) PMI Certification
10 4 (0.35%) CISSP
11 3 (0.26%) CEH
11 3 (0.26%) PMP
12 2 (0.18%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.18%) CBAP
12 2 (0.18%) CISM
12 2 (0.18%) ECSA
13 1 (0.088%) BPSS Clearance
13 1 (0.088%) MBA
13 1 (0.088%) OSCP
13 1 (0.088%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (8.06%) Data Quality
2 32 (2.80%) QA
3 22 (1.93%) GCP
4 15 (1.31%) GDPR
5 4 (0.35%) IFRS
5 4 (0.35%) IFRS 9
5 4 (0.35%) PSD2
5 4 (0.35%) SLA
6 2 (0.18%) HAZOP
6 2 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.088%) HL7
7 1 (0.088%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.088%) MiFID
System Software
1 135 (11.83%) Docker
2 41 (3.59%) Apache Flume
3 24 (2.10%) HDFS
4 6 (0.53%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.26%) Ceph
5 3 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.18%) etcd
6 2 (0.18%) Varnish
7 1 (0.088%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 69 (6.05%) Oozie
2 62 (5.43%) Kubernetes
3 44 (3.86%) Ansible
4 29 (2.54%) Opscode Chef
5 24 (2.10%) Puppet
6 22 (1.93%) Terraform
7 15 (1.31%) Mesos
8 12 (1.05%) Hadoop YARN
9 5 (0.44%) Kibana
10 3 (0.26%) Ambari
10 3 (0.26%) Consul
10 3 (0.26%) HAProxy
10 3 (0.26%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 2 (0.18%) Apache Slider
12 1 (0.088%) Grafana
12 1 (0.088%) Nagios
12 1 (0.088%) Prometheus
12 1 (0.088%) QRadar
12 1 (0.088%) SCCM
12 1 (0.088%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 97 (8.50%) Google
2 96 (8.41%) Microsoft
3 82 (7.19%) Tableau
4 37 (3.24%) Oracle
5 36 (3.16%) Hortonworks
6 27 (2.37%) SAP
7 26 (2.28%) Cloudera
8 18 (1.58%) MapR
9 17 (1.49%) Alteryx
9 17 (1.49%) Atlassian
10 15 (1.31%) Splunk
11 12 (1.05%) Salesforce.com
12 11 (0.96%) Capita
13 9 (0.79%) IBM
14 8 (0.70%) Databricks
14 8 (0.70%) Teradata
15 7 (0.61%) RapidMiner
15 7 (0.61%) Talend
16 6 (0.53%) Blue Prism
16 6 (0.53%) Red Hat