Period
to 22 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 22 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 248 320 555
Rank change year-on-year +72 +235 +182
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 1,112 779 368
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.08% 0.78% 0.35%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.25% 0.91% 0.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 732 548 249
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.00% -3.85%
10th Percentile £380 £375 £362
90th Percentile £688 £708 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £425
% change year-on-year +5.26% +11.76% -18.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 6 5
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £19.34 £20.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +132.68% -5.66% -68.46%
10th Percentile £14.05 £17.80 £17.68
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.75 £26.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £19.34 £23.25
% change year-on-year +132.68% -16.82% -64.23%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 89,046 85,202 89,754
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.22% 85.74% 85.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,741 56,485 59,254
UK median daily rate £454 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.89% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,410 2,040 2,437
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.93 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.75% +10.78% +3.97%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.43
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -18.00% +11.11% +3.07%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +65 1,057 £550 - 740
London +39 738 £550 -2.22% 412
UK excluding London +108 359 £500 +5.26% 351
South East +89 164 £500 - 99
North of England +8 50 £525 +5.00% 72
South West +4 47 £525 - 44
North West +5 31 £475 +2.70% 42
Scotland -16 30 £400 -5.88% 15
Midlands -37 30 £538 +26.47% 31
Wales -5 19 £450 - 6
East of England +3 18 £450 -10.00% 82
West Midlands -19 17 £450 - 19
East Midlands +6 13 £675 +58.82% 12
Yorkshire -7 13 £525 +5.00% 13
North East - 6 £650 - 17
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 22 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 573 (51.53%) Python
2 551 (49.55%) Data Science
3 390 (35.07%) Analytics
4 376 (33.81%) Agile Software Development
5 371 (33.36%) Finance
5 371 (33.36%) Big Data
6 359 (32.28%) Artificial Intelligence
7 343 (30.85%) SQL
8 284 (25.54%) Hadoop
9 271 (24.37%) Algorithms
10 262 (23.56%) Apache Spark
11 250 (22.48%) Amazon AWS
12 213 (19.15%) Java
13 193 (17.36%) Microsoft Azure
14 186 (16.73%) R
15 185 (16.64%) Analytical Skills
16 182 (16.37%) Mathematics
17 178 (16.01%) Computer Science
18 168 (15.11%) Kafka
19 156 (14.03%) Visualisation
20 154 (13.85%) NoSQL
20 154 (13.85%) JavaScript
21 149 (13.40%) Degree
22 148 (13.31%) Scrum
23 146 (13.13%) Scala
24 137 (12.32%) Natural Language Processing
25 134 (12.05%) Deep Learning
26 131 (11.78%) Statistics
27 126 (11.33%) TDD
28 124 (11.15%) Apache Hive

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 262 (23.56%) Apache Spark
2 65 (5.85%) Elasticsearch
3 50 (4.50%) Apache
4 34 (3.06%) SAS
5 27 (2.43%) Jupyter
6 21 (1.89%) Apache Solr
7 18 (1.62%) Apache Pig
8 13 (1.17%) Cloud Foundry
8 13 (1.17%) SharePoint
9 9 (0.81%) Apache Airflow
9 9 (0.81%) Confluence
10 8 (0.72%) nginx
11 5 (0.45%) OpenStack
12 4 (0.36%) Ethereum
12 4 (0.36%) Hyperledger
12 4 (0.36%) Luigi
12 4 (0.36%) WebLogic
13 3 (0.27%) Amazon Alexa
13 3 (0.27%) Tornado
13 3 (0.27%) WebSphere
Applications
1 28 (2.52%) Chatbot
2 14 (1.26%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.90%) SPSS
4 9 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
5 4 (0.36%) Simulink
6 3 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.18%) GNU Octave
7 2 (0.18%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.090%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.090%) Maya
8 1 (0.090%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.090%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.090%) Stata
Business Applications
1 10 (0.90%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 5 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.27%) SAP MM
3 3 (0.27%) SAP R/3
4 2 (0.18%) SAP IBP
4 2 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.090%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.090%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 1 (0.090%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.090%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.090%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 250 (22.48%) Amazon AWS
2 193 (17.36%) Microsoft Azure
3 80 (7.19%) Google Cloud Platform
4 49 (4.41%) Azure Machine Learning
5 38 (3.42%) PaaS
6 34 (3.06%) Cloud Computing
7 32 (2.88%) Serverless
8 31 (2.79%) Azure Data Factory
9 25 (2.25%) Amazon S3
10 24 (2.16%) Data Lake Analytics
11 22 (1.98%) Amazon EC2
12 20 (1.80%) Amazon EMR
12 20 (1.80%) SaaS
13 19 (1.71%) AWS Lambda
14 13 (1.17%) GitHub
15 12 (1.08%) IaaS
16 11 (0.99%) Amazon Kinesis
16 11 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
17 9 (0.81%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 9 (0.81%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 26 (2.34%) HTTP
2 17 (1.53%) Firewall
3 12 (1.08%) Internet
3 12 (1.08%) SSL
4 11 (0.99%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.54%) LAN
5 6 (0.54%) VPN
6 5 (0.45%) Kerberos
7 4 (0.36%) SNA
7 4 (0.36%) SSH
8 2 (0.18%) DAB
8 2 (0.18%) DNS
8 2 (0.18%) Network Security
9 1 (0.090%) AMQP
9 1 (0.090%) DKIM
9 1 (0.090%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 371 (33.36%) Big Data
2 284 (25.54%) Hadoop
3 154 (13.85%) NoSQL
4 124 (11.15%) Apache Hive
5 112 (10.07%) Data Warehouse
6 107 (9.62%) Apache Cassandra
7 104 (9.35%) MongoDB
8 85 (7.64%) Relational Database
9 77 (6.92%) Power BI
10 75 (6.74%) Data Mining
11 58 (5.22%) Data Lake
12 53 (4.77%) SQL Server
12 53 (4.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 45 (4.05%) OLAP
14 42 (3.78%) Star Schema
15 41 (3.69%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
15 41 (3.69%) OLAP Cube
16 37 (3.33%) HBase
17 34 (3.06%) PostgreSQL
18 32 (2.88%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 110 (9.89%) Git (software)
2 54 (4.86%) Jenkins
3 41 (3.69%) Visual Studio Team System
4 35 (3.15%) JIRA
5 25 (2.25%) Selenium
6 16 (1.44%) Maven
6 16 (1.44%) PhantomJS
7 12 (1.08%) Cucumber
7 12 (1.08%) GitLab
7 12 (1.08%) JUnit
7 12 (1.08%) TeamCity
7 12 (1.08%) Visual Studio
8 10 (0.90%) Eclipse
8 10 (0.90%) Jasmine
9 9 (0.81%) Octopus Deploy
10 8 (0.72%) webpack
11 7 (0.63%) IntelliJ
11 7 (0.63%) Subversion
12 6 (0.54%) Team Foundation Server
13 4 (0.36%) Bitbucket
General
1 371 (33.36%) Finance
2 97 (8.72%) Banking
3 48 (4.32%) Marketing
4 33 (2.97%) Retail
5 29 (2.61%) Front Office
6 28 (2.52%) Games
7 19 (1.71%) Investment Banking
7 19 (1.71%) Legal
8 17 (1.53%) Advertising
8 17 (1.53%) Telecoms
9 14 (1.26%) Financial Institution
10 11 (0.99%) Manufacturing
11 9 (0.81%) Retail Banking
12 8 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.63%) Electronics
13 7 (0.63%) Publishing
14 6 (0.54%) Law
15 5 (0.45%) Back Office
15 5 (0.45%) General Ledger
16 4 (0.36%) German Language
Job Titles
1 373 (33.54%) Developer
2 256 (23.02%) Data Scientist
3 130 (11.69%) Data Engineer
4 89 (8.00%) Python Developer
5 72 (6.47%) Architect
6 60 (5.40%) Analyst
7 58 (5.22%) Java Developer
8 52 (4.68%) Big Data Engineer
9 50 (4.50%) Senior Developer
10 47 (4.23%) Hadoop Engineer
11 42 (3.78%) Machine Learning Developer
12 40 (3.60%) Scala Developer
13 39 (3.51%) Senior Data Scientist
14 37 (3.33%) React Developer
15 36 (3.24%) JavaScript Developer
15 36 (3.24%) Software Engineer
16 35 (3.15%) Machine Learning Scientist
17 34 (3.06%) Python Engineer
18 28 (2.52%) DevOps Engineer
19 27 (2.43%) Senior Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 168 (15.11%) Kafka
2 137 (12.32%) Natural Language Processing
3 110 (9.89%) REST
4 100 (8.99%) TensorFlow
5 95 (8.54%) React
6 89 (8.00%) HTML
7 72 (6.47%) CSS
8 69 (6.21%) Pandas
9 64 (5.76%) AngularJS
10 60 (5.40%) .NET
11 55 (4.95%) Keras
12 52 (4.68%) scikit-learn
13 48 (4.32%) Node.js
14 47 (4.23%) NumPy
15 43 (3.87%) D3.js
16 42 (3.78%) Flask
16 42 (3.78%) Redux
17 41 (3.69%) Spring
18 40 (3.60%) Django
19 39 (3.51%) PySpark
Miscellaneous
1 271 (24.37%) Algorithms
2 185 (16.64%) Analytical Skills
3 178 (16.01%) Computer Science
4 53 (4.77%) Greenfield Project
5 52 (4.68%) Data Structures
6 45 (4.05%) Fintech
7 26 (2.34%) User Experience
8 24 (2.16%) Robotics
9 20 (1.80%) Virtual Team
10 19 (1.71%) Mobile App
10 19 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
11 12 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
11 12 (1.08%) Replication
12 11 (0.99%) iPad
13 9 (0.81%) Blog
13 9 (0.81%) PMI
13 9 (0.81%) Public Cloud
14 8 (0.72%) NHS
15 7 (0.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 7 (0.63%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 109 (9.80%) Linux
2 58 (5.22%) Unix
3 26 (2.34%) Windows
4 11 (0.99%) Android
4 11 (0.99%) Apple iOS
5 10 (0.90%) Ubuntu
6 4 (0.36%) CentOS
6 4 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.27%) Embedded Linux
7 3 (0.27%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.18%) Solaris
9 1 (0.090%) AIX
9 1 (0.090%) Amazon Linux
9 1 (0.090%) DC/OS
9 1 (0.090%) HPUX
9 1 (0.090%) VMS
9 1 (0.090%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 551 (49.55%) Data Science
2 390 (35.07%) Analytics
3 376 (33.81%) Agile Software Development
4 359 (32.28%) Artificial Intelligence
5 182 (16.37%) Mathematics
6 156 (14.03%) Visualisation
7 148 (13.31%) Scrum
8 134 (12.05%) Deep Learning
9 131 (11.78%) Statistics
10 126 (11.33%) TDD
11 122 (10.97%) Problem-Solving
12 116 (10.43%) Business Intelligence
13 113 (10.16%) Software Engineering
14 110 (9.89%) Data Analytics
15 109 (9.80%) Data Modelling
16 105 (9.44%) Continuous Integration
17 92 (8.27%) DevOps
18 82 (7.37%) ETL
19 71 (6.38%) Open Source
20 66 (5.94%) OO
Programming Languages
1 573 (51.53%) Python
2 343 (30.85%) SQL
3 213 (19.15%) Java
4 186 (16.73%) R
5 154 (13.85%) JavaScript
6 146 (13.13%) Scala
7 80 (7.19%) C++
8 74 (6.65%) C#
9 42 (3.78%) Bash Shell
10 38 (3.42%) TypeScript
11 35 (3.15%) MATLAB
12 33 (2.97%) C
12 33 (2.97%) Go
13 27 (2.43%) Perl
14 26 (2.34%) Java 8
15 25 (2.25%) Ruby
16 18 (1.62%) U-SQL
17 15 (1.35%) PowerShell
18 13 (1.17%) Shell Script
19 12 (1.08%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 149 (13.40%) Degree
2 105 (9.44%) PhD
3 44 (3.96%) Computer Science Degree
4 41 (3.69%) Master's Degree
5 23 (2.07%) Security Cleared
6 16 (1.44%) Numerate Degree
7 15 (1.35%) SC Cleared
8 9 (0.81%) PMI Certification
9 8 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
10 7 (0.63%) CBAP
11 5 (0.45%) CFA
12 4 (0.36%) CEH
12 4 (0.36%) PMP
13 3 (0.27%) CISSP
14 2 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
14 2 (0.18%) DV Cleared
14 2 (0.18%) GIAC
15 1 (0.090%) BC Cleared
15 1 (0.090%) OSCP
15 1 (0.090%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 70 (6.29%) Data Quality
2 32 (2.88%) QA
3 8 (0.72%) GDPR
4 6 (0.54%) SLA
5 5 (0.45%) ISO 9001
5 5 (0.45%) PMO
6 4 (0.36%) IFRS
6 4 (0.36%) IFRS 9
7 3 (0.27%) PSD2
8 2 (0.18%) COBIT
8 2 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.090%) Actionable Recommendations
9 1 (0.090%) HAZOP
9 1 (0.090%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 104 (9.35%) Docker
2 26 (2.34%) Apache Flume
3 23 (2.07%) HDFS
4 7 (0.63%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.18%) LXC
7 1 (0.090%) Ceph
7 1 (0.090%) etcd
7 1 (0.090%) Varnish
7 1 (0.090%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.090%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.090%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 67 (6.03%) Kubernetes
2 50 (4.50%) Oozie
3 26 (2.34%) Ansible
4 19 (1.71%) Opscode Chef
5 18 (1.62%) Terraform
6 17 (1.53%) Puppet
7 15 (1.35%) Mesos
8 8 (0.72%) Hadoop YARN
9 6 (0.54%) Kibana
10 3 (0.27%) logstash
10 3 (0.27%) Prometheus
10 3 (0.27%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 2 (0.18%) Ambari
11 2 (0.18%) Consul
11 2 (0.18%) HP ALM
11 2 (0.18%) Salt
12 1 (0.090%) Docker Swarm
12 1 (0.090%) Grafana
12 1 (0.090%) Packer
12 1 (0.090%) PowerCLI
Vendors
1 123 (11.06%) Microsoft
2 88 (7.91%) Google
3 76 (6.83%) Tableau
4 55 (4.95%) Oracle
5 29 (2.61%) Hortonworks
6 23 (2.07%) SAP
7 22 (1.98%) Cloudera
8 21 (1.89%) Splunk
9 17 (1.53%) Informatica
10 16 (1.44%) Alteryx
11 12 (1.08%) Databricks
12 10 (0.90%) MapR
12 10 (0.90%) Talend
13 9 (0.81%) IBM
14 8 (0.72%) Blue Prism
14 8 (0.72%) UiPath
15 6 (0.54%) Atlassian
15 6 (0.54%) Automation Anywhere
15 6 (0.54%) Red Hat
16 5 (0.45%) Adobe