Period
to 14 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 14 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Machine Learning
UK
6 months to
14 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 239 312 472
Rank change year-on-year +73 +160 +253
Contract jobs citing Machine Learning 1,215 859 475
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.16% 0.83% 0.46%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.33% 0.97% 0.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 812 607 314
UK median daily rate £550 £545 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.92% +3.81% +0.96%
10th Percentile £363 £360 £363
90th Percentile £688 £696 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -13.46%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 8 6
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £23.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +93.55% -64.23%
10th Percentile £12.81 £19.34 £17.94
90th Percentile £52.50 £62.38 £26.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £32.17 £26.00
% change year-on-year +39.88% +23.73% -60.00%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 91,019 88,693 87,901
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.75% 85.91% 85.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,315 59,199 57,906
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £276 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £601
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,324 2,065 2,485
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £24.02 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.33% +6.76% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.06
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.65 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -16.00% +11.11% -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Machine Learning.

Contractor daily rate trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 14 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning over the 6 months to 14 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Machine Learning in the UK

Machine Learning
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the UK over the 6 months to 14 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +65 1,147 £550 - 698
London +34 785 £550 - 397
UK excluding London +111 409 £500 - 336
South East +91 185 £500 - 96
North of England +5 55 £475 +18.75% 57
South West -3 44 £525 +31.25% 28
Midlands -12 43 £525 +31.09% 40
Scotland +4 33 £388 -3.13% 19
East of England -15 27 £445 -19.09% 80
North West -12 26 £431 +7.81% 36
West Midlands -14 26 £500 +25.00% 21
Yorkshire -4 23 £500 - 7
Wales -5 22 £404 - 8
East Midlands +7 17 £700 +51.27% 19
North East - 6 £594 - 14
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 8

For the 6 months to 14 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 641 (52.76%) Python
2 608 (50.04%) Data Science
3 472 (38.85%) Analytics
4 416 (34.24%) Agile Software Development
5 408 (33.58%) Artificial Intelligence
6 380 (31.28%) SQL
7 379 (31.19%) Big Data
8 353 (29.05%) Finance
9 298 (24.53%) Amazon AWS
10 287 (23.62%) Hadoop
11 271 (22.30%) Algorithms
12 257 (21.15%) Apache Spark
13 236 (19.42%) Microsoft Azure
14 222 (18.27%) Java
15 218 (17.94%) R
16 216 (17.78%) Analytical Skills
17 194 (15.97%) JavaScript
18 174 (14.32%) Mathematics
18 174 (14.32%) Computer Science
19 166 (13.66%) Degree
20 162 (13.33%) Microsoft
20 162 (13.33%) Visualisation
21 157 (12.92%) Natural Language Processing
22 150 (12.35%) Kafka
23 147 (12.10%) Apache Hive
24 144 (11.85%) Docker
25 139 (11.44%) NoSQL
26 137 (11.28%) Statistics
26 137 (11.28%) Software Engineering
27 134 (11.03%) Scrum

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 257 (21.15%) Apache Spark
2 60 (4.94%) Elasticsearch
3 39 (3.21%) SAS
4 37 (3.05%) Apache
5 21 (1.73%) Confluence
6 19 (1.56%) Apache Solr
6 19 (1.56%) Jupyter
7 15 (1.23%) Apache Pig
8 14 (1.15%) Apache Airflow
9 13 (1.07%) SharePoint
10 12 (0.99%) Skype for Business
11 5 (0.41%) Appian
11 5 (0.41%) Cloud Foundry
11 5 (0.41%) OpenStack
12 4 (0.33%) Luigi
12 4 (0.33%) WebLogic
13 3 (0.25%) Tornado
13 3 (0.25%) WebSphere
14 2 (0.16%) K2 blackpearl
14 2 (0.16%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 44 (3.62%) Chatbot
2 23 (1.89%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (0.99%) Microsoft Excel
4 8 (0.66%) SPSS
5 5 (0.41%) Simulink
6 3 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.16%) GNU Octave
7 2 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.16%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.082%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.082%) LaTeX
8 1 (0.082%) Maya
8 1 (0.082%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.082%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.082%) Stata
Business Applications
1 11 (0.91%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.49%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 4 (0.33%) Dynamics NAV
3 4 (0.33%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 3 (0.25%) SAP MM
4 3 (0.25%) SAP R/3
5 2 (0.16%) SAP IBP
5 2 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.082%) 3000 Xtra
6 1 (0.082%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.082%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.082%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.082%) RMDS
6 1 (0.082%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 298 (24.53%) Amazon AWS
2 236 (19.42%) Microsoft Azure
3 109 (8.97%) Google Cloud Platform
4 49 (4.03%) PaaS
5 47 (3.87%) Amazon EMR
6 33 (2.72%) Azure Machine Learning
6 33 (2.72%) Serverless
7 31 (2.55%) SaaS
8 30 (2.47%) Azure Data Factory
9 28 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
10 27 (2.22%) Amazon S3
11 24 (1.98%) IaaS
12 23 (1.89%) Amazon EC2
12 23 (1.89%) AWS Lambda
12 23 (1.89%) Data Lake Analytics
13 15 (1.23%) GitHub
14 13 (1.07%) AWS CloudFormation
15 12 (0.99%) Apigee
16 11 (0.91%) Amazon Kinesis
17 9 (0.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 26 (2.14%) HTTP
2 23 (1.89%) SSL
3 17 (1.40%) Firewall
4 13 (1.07%) Internet
4 13 (1.07%) Skype
4 13 (1.07%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.49%) LAN
6 5 (0.41%) VPN
7 4 (0.33%) Kerberos
7 4 (0.33%) SSH
8 3 (0.25%) DAB
8 3 (0.25%) SNA
9 2 (0.16%) DNS
9 2 (0.16%) Network Security
10 1 (0.082%) AMQP
10 1 (0.082%) DKIM
10 1 (0.082%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 379 (31.19%) Big Data
2 287 (23.62%) Hadoop
3 147 (12.10%) Apache Hive
4 139 (11.44%) NoSQL
5 124 (10.21%) Data Warehouse
6 119 (9.79%) MongoDB
7 107 (8.81%) Apache Cassandra
8 90 (7.41%) Relational Database
9 76 (6.26%) Data Mining
10 72 (5.93%) Power BI
11 66 (5.43%) SQL Server
12 61 (5.02%) Data Lake
13 54 (4.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 42 (3.46%) OLAP
15 41 (3.37%) PostgreSQL
16 40 (3.29%) Star Schema
17 39 (3.21%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
17 39 (3.21%) OLAP Cube
18 36 (2.96%) HBase
19 32 (2.63%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 100 (8.23%) Git (software)
2 73 (6.01%) Jenkins
3 66 (5.43%) JIRA
4 42 (3.46%) Visual Studio Team System
5 24 (1.98%) Selenium
6 17 (1.40%) Bitbucket
7 16 (1.32%) PhantomJS
8 13 (1.07%) Pylint
8 13 (1.07%) TeamCity
9 12 (0.99%) GitLab
9 12 (0.99%) JUnit
9 12 (0.99%) Maven
9 12 (0.99%) Visual Studio
10 11 (0.91%) Cucumber
11 10 (0.82%) Jasmine
12 9 (0.74%) Octopus Deploy
12 9 (0.74%) SonarQube
12 9 (0.74%) webpack
13 6 (0.49%) Grunt
13 6 (0.49%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 353 (29.05%) Finance
2 113 (9.30%) Banking
3 54 (4.44%) Marketing
4 33 (2.72%) Retail
5 27 (2.22%) Front Office
6 26 (2.14%) Games
7 24 (1.98%) Legal
7 24 (1.98%) Telecoms
8 20 (1.65%) Investment Banking
9 14 (1.15%) Advertising
10 13 (1.07%) Financial Institution
10 13 (1.07%) Manufacturing
11 12 (0.99%) Pharmaceutical
12 11 (0.91%) Publishing
13 7 (0.58%) Electronics
14 6 (0.49%) Back Office
15 5 (0.41%) General Ledger
15 5 (0.41%) Law
15 5 (0.41%) Multimedia
16 4 (0.33%) German Language
Job Titles
1 374 (30.78%) Developer
2 286 (23.54%) Data Scientist
3 145 (11.93%) Data Engineer
4 103 (8.48%) Architect
5 90 (7.41%) Python Developer
6 75 (6.17%) Analyst
7 57 (4.69%) Python Engineer
8 56 (4.61%) Java Developer
9 53 (4.36%) Big Data Engineer
10 51 (4.20%) Senior Developer
11 46 (3.79%) Senior Data Scientist
12 45 (3.70%) Hadoop Engineer
13 43 (3.54%) JavaScript Developer
14 41 (3.37%) Data Architect
15 40 (3.29%) Software Engineer
16 39 (3.21%) DevOps Engineer
16 39 (3.21%) React Developer
17 38 (3.13%) Machine Learning Scientist
18 36 (2.96%) Machine Learning Engineer
19 34 (2.80%) Machine Learning Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 157 (12.92%) Natural Language Processing
2 150 (12.35%) Kafka
3 121 (9.96%) React
4 119 (9.79%) TensorFlow
5 101 (8.31%) HTML
6 96 (7.90%) REST
7 79 (6.50%) CSS
8 76 (6.26%) AngularJS
9 74 (6.09%) Node.js
9 74 (6.09%) Pandas
10 66 (5.43%) .NET
11 63 (5.19%) scikit-learn
12 59 (4.86%) Redux
13 57 (4.69%) NumPy
14 53 (4.36%) RESTful
15 52 (4.28%) PySpark
16 46 (3.79%) Web Services
17 45 (3.70%) HTML5
17 45 (3.70%) JSON
18 43 (3.54%) D3.js
Miscellaneous
1 271 (22.30%) Algorithms
2 216 (17.78%) Analytical Skills
3 55 (4.53%) Fintech
4 54 (4.44%) Greenfield Project
5 42 (3.46%) Data Structures
6 34 (2.80%) User Experience
7 30 (2.47%) Robotics
8 26 (2.14%) Mobile App
9 25 (2.06%) Self-Motivation
10 19 (1.56%) Virtual Team
11 9 (0.74%) Cloud Native
11 9 (0.74%) Enterprise Software
11 9 (0.74%) Life Science
11 9 (0.74%) NHS
11 9 (0.74%) PMI
11 9 (0.74%) Replication
12 8 (0.66%) Management Information System
13 7 (0.58%) Blog
13 7 (0.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 7 (0.58%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 112 (9.22%) Linux
2 39 (3.21%) Windows
3 31 (2.55%) Unix
4 16 (1.32%) CentOS
4 16 (1.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 11 (0.91%) Apple iOS
5 11 (0.91%) Ubuntu
6 10 (0.82%) Android
7 4 (0.33%) Embedded Linux
7 4 (0.33%) Solaris
8 3 (0.25%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.25%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.082%) AIX
9 1 (0.082%) Amazon Linux
9 1 (0.082%) DC/OS
9 1 (0.082%) HPUX
9 1 (0.082%) VMS
9 1 (0.082%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 608 (50.04%) Data Science
2 472 (38.85%) Analytics
3 416 (34.24%) Agile Software Development
4 408 (33.58%) Artificial Intelligence
5 174 (14.32%) Computer Science
5 174 (14.32%) Mathematics
6 162 (13.33%) Visualisation
7 137 (11.28%) Software Engineering
7 137 (11.28%) Statistics
8 134 (11.03%) Scrum
9 131 (10.78%) Deep Learning
10 123 (10.12%) DevOps
10 123 (10.12%) TDD
11 116 (9.55%) Problem-Solving
12 111 (9.14%) Data Modelling
13 110 (9.05%) Data Analytics
14 109 (8.97%) ETL
15 107 (8.81%) Business Intelligence
16 105 (8.64%) Microservices
17 94 (7.74%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 641 (52.76%) Python
2 380 (31.28%) SQL
3 222 (18.27%) Java
4 218 (17.94%) R
5 194 (15.97%) JavaScript
6 120 (9.88%) Scala
7 92 (7.57%) C#
8 78 (6.42%) C++
9 57 (4.69%) Bash Shell
10 46 (3.79%) TypeScript
11 45 (3.70%) MATLAB
12 33 (2.72%) C
13 30 (2.47%) Perl
14 26 (2.14%) Java 8
14 26 (2.14%) PowerShell
15 21 (1.73%) Ruby
16 18 (1.48%) Go
17 16 (1.32%) T-SQL
18 15 (1.23%) Shell Script
19 12 (0.99%) U-SQL
Qualifications
1 166 (13.66%) Degree
2 125 (10.29%) PhD
3 71 (5.84%) Master's Degree
4 46 (3.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (1.89%) Security Cleared
6 18 (1.48%) Numerate Degree
7 15 (1.23%) SC Cleared
8 9 (0.74%) PMI Certification
9 7 (0.58%) CBAP
10 5 (0.41%) CFA
11 4 (0.33%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (0.33%) CEH
12 3 (0.25%) CISSP
12 3 (0.25%) OSCP
13 2 (0.16%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
14 1 (0.082%) ITIL Certification
14 1 (0.082%) MCSA
14 1 (0.082%) MCSE
14 1 (0.082%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (5.51%) Data Quality
2 39 (3.21%) QA
3 7 (0.58%) GDPR
3 7 (0.58%) PMO
4 5 (0.41%) ISO 9001
5 4 (0.33%) SLA
6 3 (0.25%) IFRS
6 3 (0.25%) IFRS 9
7 2 (0.16%) COBIT
7 2 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.16%) FATCA
7 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.16%) MiFID
7 2 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.082%) Actionable Recommendations
System Software
1 144 (11.85%) Docker
2 28 (2.30%) Apache Flume
3 18 (1.48%) HDFS
4 5 (0.41%) Active Directory
5 4 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.16%) LXC
7 1 (0.082%) Ceph
7 1 (0.082%) etcd
7 1 (0.082%) Varnish
7 1 (0.082%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.082%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.082%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.082%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 89 (7.33%) Kubernetes
2 50 (4.12%) Oozie
3 31 (2.55%) Ansible
4 26 (2.14%) Terraform
5 17 (1.40%) Opscode Chef
6 16 (1.32%) Puppet
7 11 (0.91%) Hadoop YARN
8 10 (0.82%) Mesos
9 5 (0.41%) Kibana
10 3 (0.25%) logstash
10 3 (0.25%) Prometheus
11 2 (0.16%) Consul
11 2 (0.16%) HP ALM
11 2 (0.16%) Salt
12 1 (0.082%) HAProxy
12 1 (0.082%) Marathon
12 1 (0.082%) Nagios
12 1 (0.082%) PowerCLI
12 1 (0.082%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 1 (0.082%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 162 (13.33%) Microsoft
2 89 (7.33%) Google
3 72 (5.93%) Tableau
4 64 (5.27%) Oracle
5 55 (4.53%) Hortonworks
6 49 (4.03%) Cloudera
7 27 (2.22%) Splunk
8 21 (1.73%) SAP
9 20 (1.65%) Informatica
9 20 (1.65%) ServiceNow
10 13 (1.07%) Alteryx
11 11 (0.91%) Blue Prism
11 11 (0.91%) UiPath
12 10 (0.82%) Talend
13 9 (0.74%) Databricks
13 9 (0.74%) IBM
14 7 (0.58%) Automation Anywhere
14 7 (0.58%) MapR
14 7 (0.58%) Pega
15 6 (0.49%) AppDynamics