Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kerberos skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kerberos over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kerberos
UK
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 663 546 540
Rank change year-on-year -117 -6 +200
Contract jobs citing Kerberos 157 140 99
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.18% 0.24% 0.21%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 1.64% 2.13% 1.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 116 98 76
10th Percentile £444 £404 £350
25th Percentile £510 £464 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £600 £550
Median % change year-on-year -4.17% +9.09% -4.35%
75th Percentile £664 £650 £638
90th Percentile £763 £738 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £550 £475
% change year-on-year - +15.79% -9.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 8 1
Median hourly rate - £66.00 £46.40
Median % change year-on-year - +42.24% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £66.50 £46.40
% change year-on-year - +43.32% -

Kerberos is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,561 6,585 6,519
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.02% 11.29% 13.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,266 4,238 3,980
10th Percentile £234 £225 £180
25th Percentile £388 £350 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -1.16%
75th Percentile £613 £538 £525
90th Percentile £700 £630 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £405 £400
% change year-on-year +11.18% +1.19% -3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 372 308 362
10th Percentile £15.25 £12.50 £13.50
25th Percentile £17.00 £15.25 £16.25
Median hourly rate £27.50 £25.00 £23.75
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +25.00%
75th Percentile £51.53 £50.00 £47.00
90th Percentile £66.00 £63.98 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £22.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year -2.27% +12.82% +11.43%

Kerberos
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kerberos as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kerberos in the UK

Kerberos
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kerberos.

Daily rate trend for Kerberos in the UK

Kerberos
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kerberos over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Kerberos in the UK

Kerberos
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kerberos.

Hourly rate trend for Kerberos in the UK

Kerberos
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kerberos within the UK over the 6 months to 23 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -93 131 £575 - 11
London -59 92 £575 +10.05% 5
Work from Home -125 83 £550 -8.33% 8
UK excluding London -86 34 £550 - 6
North of England -49 9 £500 -13.04% 1
South East -33 8 £613 +20.10% 2
North West -34 5 £475 +48.44% 1
South West - 5 £550 -
Wales - 4 £550 -
Yorkshire - 4 £500 -
Scotland -13 3 £550 +6.28%
East of England -33 3 £325 -45.58%
East Midlands -21 2 £465 +9.41% 2
Midlands -50 2 £465 +9.41% 3

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Kerberos also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kerberos.

1 90 (57.32%) Active Directory
2 82 (52.23%) LDAP
3 56 (35.67%) Python
4 53 (33.76%) Ansible
5 50 (31.85%) Linux
6 47 (29.94%) Windows
7 46 (29.30%) Microsoft
8 43 (27.39%) DNS
9 40 (25.48%) Replication
10 39 (24.84%) SQL
11 37 (23.57%) Finance
12 35 (22.29%) Azure
13 33 (21.02%) DevOps
14 31 (19.75%) Security Cleared
15 30 (19.11%) PKI
16 28 (17.83%) Agile
16 28 (17.83%) SC Cleared
17 27 (17.20%) Git (software)
17 27 (17.20%) Migration
18 26 (16.56%) Java
18 26 (16.56%) Oracle
19 25 (15.92%) PowerShell
19 25 (15.92%) Windows Server
19 25 (15.92%) Social Skills
20 24 (15.29%) Active Directory Federation Services
20 24 (15.29%) SQL Server
21 23 (14.65%) Software Engineering
22 22 (14.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
22 22 (14.01%) Red Hat
22 22 (14.01%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services

Kerberos
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (10.19%) Apache
2 12 (7.64%) Confluence
2 12 (7.64%) SharePoint
3 7 (4.46%) Apache Spark
3 7 (4.46%) Tomcat
4 6 (3.82%) WebSphere
5 5 (3.18%) Elasticsearch
5 5 (3.18%) IIS
5 5 (3.18%) Jupyter
6 2 (1.27%) Cloud Foundry
7 1 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
7 1 (0.64%) CMS
7 1 (0.64%) nginx
7 1 (0.64%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 4 (2.55%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.64%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 1 (0.64%) Cognos Business Intelligence
Cloud Services
1 35 (22.29%) Azure
2 19 (12.10%) AWS
3 15 (9.55%) GCP
3 15 (9.55%) GitHub
4 14 (8.92%) Azure Active Directory
5 10 (6.37%) Nutanix
6 9 (5.73%) Cloud Computing
6 9 (5.73%) IaaS
6 9 (5.73%) PaaS
7 7 (4.46%) OpenShift
7 7 (4.46%) SaaS
8 5 (3.18%) Microsoft 365
9 3 (1.91%) Snowflake
10 2 (1.27%) Amazon EC2
10 2 (1.27%) AWS CloudFormation
10 2 (1.27%) Rubrik
11 1 (0.64%) Amazon EKS
11 1 (0.64%) Amazon S3
11 1 (0.64%) Apigee
11 1 (0.64%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 43 (27.39%) DNS
2 20 (12.74%) HTTPS
3 18 (11.46%) X.500
4 16 (10.19%) SSL
5 15 (9.55%) TCP/IP
6 7 (4.46%) Firewall
7 5 (3.18%) DHCP
8 4 (2.55%) HTTP
8 4 (2.55%) Wireshark
9 3 (1.91%) Intrusion Detection
9 3 (1.91%) NAS
9 3 (1.91%) Network Security
10 2 (1.27%) SSH
11 1 (0.64%) FTP
11 1 (0.64%) Internet
11 1 (0.64%) Intranet
11 1 (0.64%) SMTP
11 1 (0.64%) VPN
11 1 (0.64%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (15.29%) SQL Server
2 17 (10.83%) MongoDB
3 14 (8.92%) Oracle Database
4 12 (7.64%) PostgreSQL
5 10 (6.37%) MySQL
6 8 (5.10%) NoSQL
6 8 (5.10%) Oracle Database 11g
7 7 (4.46%) Data Warehouse
7 7 (4.46%) Metadata
7 7 (4.46%) Oracle Database 12c
8 6 (3.82%) Cloudera CDH
8 6 (3.82%) Couchbase
9 5 (3.18%) Apache Ignite
10 4 (2.55%) Apache Zeppelin
10 4 (2.55%) InterSystems Cache
10 4 (2.55%) ObjectStore
10 4 (2.55%) OLTP
10 4 (2.55%) Parquet
11 3 (1.91%) RDBMS
11 3 (1.91%) Sybase ASE
Development Applications
1 27 (17.20%) Git (software)
2 14 (8.92%) Subversion
2 14 (8.92%) TeamCity
3 13 (8.28%) JIRA
4 9 (5.73%) Jenkins
5 6 (3.82%) Cucumber
5 6 (3.82%) RSpec
6 5 (3.18%) Serena SBM
6 5 (3.18%) Visual Studio Team System
7 4 (2.55%) Artifactory
8 3 (1.91%) Maven
8 3 (1.91%) Oracle Forms
9 1 (0.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 1 (0.64%) Bitbucket
9 1 (0.64%) Crucible
9 1 (0.64%) FishEye
9 1 (0.64%) git-flow
9 1 (0.64%) Robot Framework
9 1 (0.64%) SonarQube
9 1 (0.64%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 37 (23.57%) Finance
2 25 (15.92%) Social Skills
3 19 (12.10%) Banking
4 15 (9.55%) Analytical Skills
5 14 (8.92%) Public Sector
6 3 (1.91%) Retail
7 2 (1.27%) French Language
7 2 (1.27%) German Language
7 2 (1.27%) International Banking
8 1 (0.64%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.64%) Legal
8 1 (0.64%) Organisational Skills
8 1 (0.64%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 20 (12.74%) Linux Engineer
2 16 (10.19%) DBA
2 16 (10.19%) Developer
3 14 (8.92%) Administrator
3 14 (8.92%) Citrix Engineer
3 14 (8.92%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 13 (8.28%) Consultant
5 11 (7.01%) Architect
6 9 (5.73%) Active Directory Engineer
6 9 (5.73%) Oracle DBA
7 8 (5.10%) Alteryx Consultant
7 8 (5.10%) Server Engineer
7 8 (5.10%) Systems Engineer
7 8 (5.10%) Windows Engineer
7 8 (5.10%) Windows Server Engineer
8 7 (4.46%) Citrix Systems Engineer
8 7 (4.46%) Java Developer
8 7 (4.46%) Linux Systems Engineer
9 6 (3.82%) Active Directory Architect
9 6 (3.82%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (52.23%) LDAP
2 14 (8.92%) REST
3 11 (7.01%) SAML
4 10 (6.37%) Middleware
5 8 (5.10%) RESTful
5 8 (5.10%) Spring
5 8 (5.10%) Web Services
6 7 (4.46%) OAuth
6 7 (4.46%) OpenID
7 5 (3.18%) Apache NiFi
7 5 (3.18%) JSON
7 5 (3.18%) Kafka
7 5 (3.18%) PySpark
7 5 (3.18%) Spring Boot
7 5 (3.18%) XML
8 4 (2.55%) ADO
8 4 (2.55%) JavaFX
8 4 (2.55%) SailPoint
8 4 (2.55%) Swing
8 4 (2.55%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 40 (25.48%) Replication
2 30 (19.11%) PKI
3 17 (10.83%) Clustering
4 9 (5.73%) Derivative
5 5 (3.18%) Algorithms
5 5 (3.18%) Greenfield Project
5 5 (3.18%) N-Tier
5 5 (3.18%) User Experience
6 4 (2.55%) Cloud Native
6 4 (2.55%) Linux Command Line
7 3 (1.91%) Hybrid Cloud
7 3 (1.91%) Legacy Systems
7 3 (1.91%) Market Risk
8 2 (1.27%) Client/Server
8 2 (1.27%) Data Centre
8 2 (1.27%) Data Structures
8 2 (1.27%) Reinsurance
8 2 (1.27%) RSA SecurID
9 1 (0.64%) Hedge funds
9 1 (0.64%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 50 (31.85%) Linux
2 47 (29.94%) Windows
3 25 (15.92%) Windows Server
4 22 (14.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 16 (10.19%) Unix
6 10 (6.37%) Solaris
7 8 (5.10%) SUSE
7 8 (5.10%) Windows Server 2008
8 6 (3.82%) Debian
9 4 (2.55%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (1.91%) CentOS
10 3 (1.91%) Windows Server 2016
10 3 (1.91%) Windows Server 2019
11 2 (1.27%) Data ONTAP
11 2 (1.27%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.64%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 33 (21.02%) DevOps
2 28 (17.83%) Agile
3 27 (17.20%) Migration
4 23 (14.65%) Software Engineering
5 21 (13.38%) High Availability
6 20 (12.74%) CI/CD
7 19 (12.10%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 17 (10.83%) Disaster Recovery
9 16 (10.19%) Identity Management
10 15 (9.55%) ITIL
11 14 (8.92%) Asset Management
11 14 (8.92%) Data Security
11 14 (8.92%) Investment Management
12 12 (7.64%) ETL
13 11 (7.01%) Cybersecurity
13 11 (7.01%) Identity Access Management
14 10 (6.37%) Project Delivery
14 10 (6.37%) Test Automation
15 9 (5.73%) Computer Science
15 9 (5.73%) Information Security
Programming Languages
1 56 (35.67%) Python
2 39 (24.84%) SQL
3 26 (16.56%) Java
4 25 (15.92%) PowerShell
5 13 (8.28%) Shell Script
6 12 (7.64%) Bash
7 8 (5.10%) Go
7 8 (5.10%) Ruby
8 7 (4.46%) PL/SQL
8 7 (4.46%) T-SQL
9 5 (3.18%) Perl
9 5 (3.18%) VBA
10 4 (2.55%) C
10 4 (2.55%) C#
11 3 (1.91%) C++
12 2 (1.27%) Groovy
12 2 (1.27%) VB
12 2 (1.27%) VBScript
13 1 (0.64%) Clojure
13 1 (0.64%) Scala
Qualifications
1 31 (19.75%) Security Cleared
2 28 (17.83%) SC Cleared
3 16 (10.19%) MCSE
3 16 (10.19%) Microsoft Certification
4 9 (5.73%) Degree
5 3 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (1.91%) MBA
5 3 (1.91%) PhD
6 1 (0.64%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (10.19%) GDPR
2 12 (7.64%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 7 (4.46%) SLA
4 3 (1.91%) Cyber Essentials
5 1 (0.64%) QA
System Software
1 90 (57.32%) Active Directory
2 22 (14.01%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
3 20 (12.74%) NFS
4 13 (8.28%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (7.64%) Docker
5 12 (7.64%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (7.01%) Oracle RAC
6 11 (7.01%) VMware ESXi
7 4 (2.55%) Oracle Clusterware
8 3 (1.91%) GridGain
9 2 (1.27%) Veritas File System
9 2 (1.27%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 1 (0.64%) KVM
10 1 (0.64%) OpenAM
10 1 (0.64%) OpenIDM
10 1 (0.64%) Samba
10 1 (0.64%) Sendmail
10 1 (0.64%) zsh
Systems Management
1 53 (33.76%) Ansible
2 24 (15.29%) Active Directory Federation Services
3 15 (9.55%) Prometheus
4 14 (8.92%) Grafana
5 11 (7.01%) Control-M
5 11 (7.01%) Data Guard
5 11 (7.01%) Kubernetes
5 11 (7.01%) Single Sign-On
5 11 (7.01%) Tivoli
6 9 (5.73%) QRadar
7 8 (5.10%) EMC NetWorker
7 8 (5.10%) Tivoli Storage Manager
8 7 (4.46%) Puppet
9 6 (3.82%) Netcool
9 6 (3.82%) Terraform
10 5 (3.18%) Oracle Identity Management
11 4 (2.55%) BladeLogic
11 4 (2.55%) ITRS Geneos
11 4 (2.55%) Oracle RMAN
12 3 (1.91%) SCCM
Vendors
1 46 (29.30%) Microsoft
2 26 (16.56%) Oracle
3 22 (14.01%) Red Hat
4 18 (11.46%) IBM
4 18 (11.46%) Splunk
5 17 (10.83%) CyberArk
6 16 (10.19%) VMware
7 14 (8.92%) Citrix
7 14 (8.92%) TOWER Software
8 11 (7.01%) BMC
9 10 (6.37%) Qualys
9 10 (6.37%) ServiceNow
10 9 (5.73%) EMC
11 8 (5.10%) Alteryx
11 8 (5.10%) Sybase
12 6 (3.82%) Cloudera
13 5 (3.18%) Cisco
13 5 (3.18%) Serena
14 4 (2.55%) Altiris
14 4 (2.55%) Google