Period
to 4 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kerberos skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kerberos over the 6 months to 4 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kerberos
UK
6 months to
4 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 628 475 681
Rank change year-on-year -153 +206 -38
Contract jobs citing Kerberos 215 103 123
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.24% 0.27% 0.15%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 2.19% 2.13% 1.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 135 79 68
10th Percentile £450 £344 £425
25th Percentile £500 £436 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £548
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +0.46% -4.78%
75th Percentile £704 £603 £613
90th Percentile £713 £755 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £510 £575 £475
% change year-on-year -11.30% +21.05% +7.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 6 0
Median hourly rate £63.00 £66.00 -
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £63.00 £60.50 -
% change year-on-year +4.13% - -

Kerberos is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,796 4,842 11,212
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.03% 12.90% 13.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,398 3,085 6,884
10th Percentile £210 £210 £185
25th Percentile £363 £325 £307
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £480 £445 £413
Median % change year-on-year +7.87% +7.88% -2.94%
75th Percentile £588 £538 £525
90th Percentile £676 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 405 237 639
10th Percentile £12.06 £14.15 £13.10
25th Percentile £14.94 £18.50 £16.20
Median hourly rate £22.00 £35.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -37.14% +55.56% +18.42%
75th Percentile £48.75 £47.50 £46.00
90th Percentile £64.45 £59.25 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £34.50 £20.51
% change year-on-year -42.03% +68.21% +17.20%

Kerberos
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kerberos as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kerberos in the UK

Kerberos
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kerberos.

Daily rate trend for Kerberos in the UK

Kerberos
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kerberos over the 6 months to 4 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kerberos in the UK

Kerberos
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kerberos.

Hourly rate trend for Kerberos in the UK

Kerberos
Top 12 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kerberos within the UK over the 6 months to 4 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -111 177 £600 +20.00% 23
London -104 121 £630 +26.00% 11
Work from Home -185 50 £520 -10.34% 2
UK excluding London -143 48 £510 -11.30% 9
South East -71 14 £523 -9.13% 6
North of England -68 12 £450 +44.00% 1
Scotland -80 10 £500 -13.04% 1
North West -45 7 £495 +58.78% 1
East of England -46 7 - - 1
Yorkshire -39 5 £450 -
South West -56 4 - -
Wales -25 3 - -

For the 6 months to 4 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kerberos also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kerberos.

1 116 (53.95%) Active Directory
2 93 (43.26%) LDAP
3 78 (36.28%) Ansible
4 74 (34.42%) Linux
5 71 (33.02%) Finance
6 69 (32.09%) Python
7 61 (28.37%) Windows
8 59 (27.44%) Microsoft
9 58 (26.98%) Azure
10 52 (24.19%) Agile Software Development
11 49 (22.79%) DevOps
12 47 (21.86%) AWS
12 47 (21.86%) Banking
13 45 (20.93%) JIRA
14 43 (20.00%) SAML
15 41 (19.07%) Docker
16 40 (18.60%) Software Engineering
16 40 (18.60%) Social Skills
17 39 (18.14%) Oracle
17 39 (18.14%) Kubernetes
18 38 (17.67%) SQL
18 38 (17.67%) DNS
19 35 (16.28%) GCP
19 35 (16.28%) Windows Server
20 33 (15.35%) NFS
20 33 (15.35%) Migration
21 32 (14.88%) Change Management
22 30 (13.95%) Security Cleared
22 30 (13.95%) OAuth
23 29 (13.49%) PowerShell

Kerberos
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (12.09%) Apache
2 25 (11.63%) Confluence
3 23 (10.70%) Apache Spark
4 17 (7.91%) SharePoint
5 11 (5.12%) nginx
6 9 (4.19%) IIS
7 7 (3.26%) Jupyter
8 6 (2.79%) Tomcat
9 4 (1.86%) Elasticsearch
10 3 (1.40%) Apache Solr
11 2 (0.93%) Apache Pig
11 2 (0.93%) JBoss
11 2 (0.93%) SAS
11 2 (0.93%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.93%) WebSphere
12 1 (0.47%) CMS
12 1 (0.47%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 10 (4.65%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (3.26%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (2.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (2.33%) Microsoft Project
Cloud Services
1 58 (26.98%) Azure
2 47 (21.86%) AWS
3 35 (16.28%) GCP
4 28 (13.02%) GitHub
5 14 (6.51%) Microsoft 365
6 13 (6.05%) Cloud Computing
6 13 (6.05%) OpenShift
7 12 (5.58%) PaaS
8 11 (5.12%) IaaS
8 11 (5.12%) SaaS
9 5 (2.33%) Apigee
10 4 (1.86%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (1.86%) Amazon EMR
11 3 (1.40%) AWS CloudFormation
11 3 (1.40%) AWS Lambda
11 3 (1.40%) Azure Active Directory
11 3 (1.40%) Serverless
12 2 (0.93%) Cohesity
12 2 (0.93%) Snowflake
13 1 (0.47%) AWS Direct Connect
Communications & Networking
1 38 (17.67%) DNS
2 24 (11.16%) SSL
3 16 (7.44%) TCP/IP
4 11 (5.12%) X.500
5 9 (4.19%) HTTP
6 8 (3.72%) DHCP
7 5 (2.33%) Internet
7 5 (2.33%) SAN
8 4 (1.86%) Firewall
8 4 (1.86%) HTTPS
8 4 (1.86%) VLAN
9 3 (1.40%) NAS
9 3 (1.40%) Wireshark
10 2 (0.93%) Network Security
10 2 (0.93%) SSH
10 2 (0.93%) VPN
11 1 (0.47%) Intranet
11 1 (0.47%) SCCP
11 1 (0.47%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (11.16%) Hadoop
2 23 (10.70%) Cloudera CDH
3 18 (8.37%) SQL Server
4 13 (6.05%) Oracle Database
5 12 (5.58%) HBase
5 12 (5.58%) PostgreSQL
6 11 (5.12%) MySQL
6 11 (5.12%) Oracle Database 11g
7 10 (4.65%) Big Data
8 9 (4.19%) Apache Hive
8 9 (4.19%) MongoDB
8 9 (4.19%) Parquet
9 8 (3.72%) Relational Database
10 7 (3.26%) Apache Zeppelin
10 7 (3.26%) NoSQL
10 7 (3.26%) ObjectStore
10 7 (3.26%) Sybase ASE
11 6 (2.79%) Data Warehouse
11 6 (2.79%) Oracle Database 12c
11 6 (2.79%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 45 (20.93%) JIRA
2 25 (11.63%) Subversion
3 24 (11.16%) Git (software)
4 20 (9.30%) TeamCity
5 17 (7.91%) Jenkins
6 9 (4.19%) Maven
7 5 (2.33%) Serena SBM
8 4 (1.86%) Artifactory
8 4 (1.86%) GitLab
8 4 (1.86%) Visual Studio Team System
9 3 (1.40%) IBM UrbanCode
9 3 (1.40%) SpecFlow
9 3 (1.40%) Team Foundation Server
10 2 (0.93%) Oracle APEX
10 2 (0.93%) Sonatype Nexus
11 1 (0.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 1 (0.47%) Bitbucket
11 1 (0.47%) FishEye
11 1 (0.47%) RStudio
11 1 (0.47%) SonarQube
General
1 71 (33.02%) Finance
2 47 (21.86%) Banking
3 40 (18.60%) Social Skills
4 12 (5.58%) Public Sector
5 8 (3.72%) Analytical Skills
6 6 (2.79%) Retail
7 4 (1.86%) Documentation Skills
7 4 (1.86%) Presentation Skills
8 3 (1.40%) International Banking
8 3 (1.40%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.47%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.47%) Games
Job Titles
1 27 (12.56%) Architect
1 27 (12.56%) Linux Engineer
2 24 (11.16%) Citrix Engineer
3 21 (9.77%) Data Engineer
4 17 (7.91%) Active Directory Engineer
4 17 (7.91%) Administrator
5 15 (6.98%) DBA
6 12 (5.58%) Citrix Systems Engineer
6 12 (5.58%) DevOps Engineer
6 12 (5.58%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 12 (5.58%) Linux Systems Engineer
6 12 (5.58%) Systems Engineer
6 12 (5.58%) Windows Engineer
7 10 (4.65%) Server Engineer
8 9 (4.19%) Oracle DBA
8 9 (4.19%) Software Engineer
8 9 (4.19%) Windows Server Engineer
9 8 (3.72%) Cloud Administrator
9 8 (3.72%) Consultant
9 8 (3.72%) Site Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (43.26%) LDAP
2 43 (20.00%) SAML
3 30 (13.95%) OAuth
4 24 (11.16%) OpenID
5 18 (8.37%) WebAuthn
6 16 (7.44%) SPNEGO
7 15 (6.98%) Kafka
8 14 (6.51%) JWT
9 12 (5.58%) FIDO
9 12 (5.58%) Middleware
9 12 (5.58%) Web Services
10 11 (5.12%) .NET
10 11 (5.12%) OAuth2
10 11 (5.12%) RESTful
11 10 (4.65%) Apache Avro
11 10 (4.65%) REST
12 9 (4.19%) JSON Web Signature
12 9 (4.19%) Spring Boot
12 9 (4.19%) Swing
12 9 (4.19%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 27 (12.56%) Replication
2 18 (8.37%) Clustering
3 15 (6.98%) PKI
4 12 (5.58%) Algorithms
5 6 (2.79%) YubiKey
6 5 (2.33%) Management Information System
6 5 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (1.86%) Social Media
8 3 (1.40%) Client/Server
8 3 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
9 2 (0.93%) Cloud Native
9 2 (0.93%) Derivative
9 2 (0.93%) N-Tier
9 2 (0.93%) Public Cloud
10 1 (0.47%) Data Structures
10 1 (0.47%) User Experience
10 1 (0.47%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 74 (34.42%) Linux
2 61 (28.37%) Windows
3 35 (16.28%) Windows Server
4 29 (13.49%) Unix
5 28 (13.02%) Windows Server 2008
6 22 (10.23%) Windows Server 2012
7 14 (6.51%) Solaris
8 13 (6.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 8 (3.72%) Windows Server 2016
10 7 (3.26%) Windows Server 2019
11 4 (1.86%) CentOS
12 2 (0.93%) Data ONTAP
12 2 (0.93%) SUSE
12 2 (0.93%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.47%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 52 (24.19%) Agile Software Development
2 49 (22.79%) DevOps
3 40 (18.60%) Software Engineering
4 33 (15.35%) Migration
5 32 (14.88%) Change Management
6 29 (13.49%) High Availability
7 24 (11.16%) Asset Management
7 24 (11.16%) Investment Management
8 22 (10.23%) Disaster Recovery
9 21 (9.77%) Configuration Management
9 21 (9.77%) Mentoring
10 20 (9.30%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 19 (8.84%) Data Security
11 19 (8.84%) Identity Access Management
12 18 (8.37%) Problem-Solving
13 17 (7.91%) Identity Management
13 17 (7.91%) ITIL
14 15 (6.98%) Microservices
14 15 (6.98%) Performance Tuning
14 15 (6.98%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 69 (32.09%) Python
2 38 (17.67%) SQL
3 29 (13.49%) PowerShell
4 24 (11.16%) Java
5 17 (7.91%) Bash Shell
6 13 (6.05%) C#
6 13 (6.05%) Shell Script
7 11 (5.12%) JavaScript
8 10 (4.65%) T-SQL
8 10 (4.65%) VBA
9 9 (4.19%) Java 8
10 8 (3.72%) Groovy
11 6 (2.79%) PL/SQL
12 5 (2.33%) TypeScript
13 4 (1.86%) Perl
14 3 (1.40%) C++
14 3 (1.40%) VBScript
15 2 (0.93%) PHP
15 2 (0.93%) Ruby
16 1 (0.47%) Scala
Qualifications
1 30 (13.95%) Security Cleared
2 25 (11.63%) SC Cleared
3 20 (9.30%) Degree
4 15 (6.98%) MCSE
4 15 (6.98%) Microsoft Certification
5 6 (2.79%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.47%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (6.98%) GDPR
1 15 (6.98%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 3 (1.40%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.47%) SLA
System Software
1 116 (53.95%) Active Directory
2 41 (19.07%) Docker
3 33 (15.35%) NFS
4 21 (9.77%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
4 21 (9.77%) VMware ESXi
4 21 (9.77%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (6.05%) Oracle RAC
6 9 (4.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 9 (4.19%) OpenAM
6 9 (4.19%) OpenIDM
7 4 (1.86%) Oracle Clusterware
8 3 (1.40%) HDFS
9 2 (0.93%) Samba
9 2 (0.93%) Terminal Services
9 2 (0.93%) Veritas File System
9 2 (0.93%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 2 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 78 (36.28%) Ansible
2 39 (18.14%) Kubernetes
3 25 (11.63%) Active Directory Federation Services
4 24 (11.16%) Grafana
4 24 (11.16%) Prometheus
5 23 (10.70%) Terraform
6 15 (6.98%) Single Sign-On
7 13 (6.05%) Tivoli Storage Manager
8 12 (5.58%) Puppet
9 11 (5.12%) Control-M
9 11 (5.12%) Data Guard
9 11 (5.12%) EMC NetWorker
9 11 (5.12%) Opscode Chef
9 11 (5.12%) QRadar
9 11 (5.12%) Tivoli
10 8 (3.72%) Netcool
11 7 (3.26%) Oracle RMAN
12 6 (2.79%) CA Single Sign-On
12 6 (2.79%) ITRS Geneos
13 5 (2.33%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 59 (27.44%) Microsoft
2 39 (18.14%) Oracle
3 29 (13.49%) Cloudera
4 28 (13.02%) VMware
5 24 (11.16%) Citrix
5 24 (11.16%) Splunk
5 24 (11.16%) TOWER Software
6 21 (9.77%) Google
7 17 (7.91%) BMC
7 17 (7.91%) CyberArk
8 15 (6.98%) ForgeRock
9 14 (6.51%) Red Hat
10 13 (6.05%) EMC
10 13 (6.05%) ServiceNow
11 12 (5.58%) Atlassian
11 12 (5.58%) IBM
11 12 (5.58%) SaltStack
11 12 (5.58%) Sybase
12 11 (5.12%) Qualys
13 9 (4.19%) Informatica