Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SSH skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SSH over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Secure Shell (SSH)
UK
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 574 610 738
Rank change year-on-year +36 +128 +16
Contract jobs citing SSH 67 80 122
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.13% 0.13% 0.13%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 1.11% 0.98% 1.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 31 54 92
10th Percentile £363 £363 £301
25th Percentile £425 £375 £356
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £475 £416
Median % change year-on-year +2.63% +14.11% -7.50%
75th Percentile £575 £525 £545
90th Percentile £650 £568 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £456 £413
% change year-on-year -1.37% +10.61% -9.34%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 0
Median hourly rate - £49.19 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

SSH is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 6,019 8,180 12,173
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.52% 13.72% 12.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,877 5,003 7,656
10th Percentile £220 £175 £200
25th Percentile £340 £310 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £442 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% - +2.47%
75th Percentile £538 £525 £538
90th Percentile £613 £605 £611
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 287 482 547
10th Percentile £12.99 £13.03 £12.00
25th Percentile £16.00 £15.75 £14.19
Median hourly rate £26.50 £21.00 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +26.19% +16.67% -3.74%
75th Percentile £48.75 £45.00 £43.75
90th Percentile £58.30 £52.08 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £19.25 £17.00
% change year-on-year +29.87% +13.24% -5.93%

SSH
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSH as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSH in the UK

SSH
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SSH.

Daily rate trend for SSH in the UK

SSH
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SSH over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SSH in the UK

SSH
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SSH.

Hourly rate trend for SSH in the UK

SSH
Top 12 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SSH within the UK over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +76 50 £475 - 37
UK excluding London +81 26 £450 -1.37% 33
Work from Home -231 23 £488 +8.33% 6
London +25 22 £500 -4.31% 5
South East +73 11 £500 +5.26% 6
East of England +45 7 - - 8
North of England +55 3 - - 8
Midlands +15 3 £132 -67.94% 6
East Midlands - 3 £132 - 1
Yorkshire +34 2 - - 2
Scotland +9 2 - - 1
North West +28 1 - - 6

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SSH also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SSH.

1 31 (46.27%) Linux
1 31 (46.27%) Windows
2 29 (43.28%) SQL
3 25 (37.31%) Python
4 24 (35.82%) SSL
5 23 (34.33%) Oracle
5 23 (34.33%) JIRA
5 23 (34.33%) DevOps
5 23 (34.33%) Terraform
6 22 (32.84%) Agile Software Development
7 19 (28.36%) Azure
7 19 (28.36%) AWS
8 18 (26.87%) Bash Shell
8 18 (26.87%) Java
8 18 (26.87%) JavaScript
8 18 (26.87%) DNS
8 18 (26.87%) Firewall
8 18 (26.87%) Jenkins
9 17 (25.37%) Microsoft
9 17 (25.37%) MySQL
10 16 (23.88%) Git (software)
10 16 (23.88%) Windows Server
11 15 (22.39%) GCP
11 15 (22.39%) Active Directory
12 14 (20.90%) IBM
12 14 (20.90%) XML
12 14 (20.90%) JSON
13 13 (19.40%) FTP
13 13 (19.40%) Kubernetes
14 12 (17.91%) Go

SSH
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (17.91%) Tomcat
2 10 (14.93%) WebSphere
3 9 (13.43%) Apache
4 7 (10.45%) Apache ServiceMix
4 7 (10.45%) IBM Domino
4 7 (10.45%) WebLogic
4 7 (10.45%) WebSphere Application Server
5 5 (7.46%) IIS
5 5 (7.46%) Jetty
5 5 (7.46%) Oracle Self-Service HR
6 4 (5.97%) Confluence
6 4 (5.97%) Elasticsearch
6 4 (5.97%) JBoss
6 4 (5.97%) MQSeries
6 4 (5.97%) Red Hat Fuse
7 3 (4.48%) IBM Transformation Extender
7 3 (4.48%) SharePoint
7 3 (4.48%) SharePoint 2013
8 2 (2.99%) Jupyter
8 2 (2.99%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 8 (11.94%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (5.97%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (2.99%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (10.45%) Magento
1 7 (10.45%) Shopify
2 4 (5.97%) Sentinel
2 4 (5.97%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 19 (28.36%) AWS
1 19 (28.36%) Azure
2 15 (22.39%) GCP
3 10 (14.93%) Serverless
4 9 (13.43%) AWS Lambda
5 7 (10.45%) Cloud Computing
6 4 (5.97%) IBM Cloud
7 3 (4.48%) AWS CloudFormation
7 3 (4.48%) GitHub
7 3 (4.48%) IaaS
7 3 (4.48%) OpenShift
7 3 (4.48%) PaaS
8 2 (2.99%) Amazon EC2
9 1 (1.49%) Akamai
9 1 (1.49%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 1 (1.49%) BlazeMeter
9 1 (1.49%) Cloudflare
9 1 (1.49%) Microsoft 365
9 1 (1.49%) Route 53
9 1 (1.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 24 (35.82%) SSL
2 18 (26.87%) DNS
2 18 (26.87%) Firewall
3 13 (19.40%) FTP
4 11 (16.42%) HTTP
5 10 (14.93%) TCP/IP
6 8 (11.94%) SNMP
7 5 (7.46%) PuTTY
7 5 (7.46%) VPN
8 4 (5.97%) Internet
8 4 (5.97%) Telnet
9 3 (4.48%) BIG-IP
9 3 (4.48%) DHCP
9 3 (4.48%) Network Security
9 3 (4.48%) Unified Communications
10 2 (2.99%) HTTPS
10 2 (2.99%) InfiniBand
11 1 (1.49%) ISUP
11 1 (1.49%) Kerberos
11 1 (1.49%) Megaco
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (25.37%) MySQL
2 10 (14.93%) SQL Server
3 5 (7.46%) PostgreSQL
4 4 (5.97%) Hadoop
4 4 (5.97%) MongoDB
4 4 (5.97%) Neo4j
4 4 (5.97%) Oracle Database
5 3 (4.48%) Data Warehouse
5 3 (4.48%) MariaDB
6 2 (2.99%) BigQuery
6 2 (2.99%) DB2
6 2 (2.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 2 (2.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 1 (1.49%) Amazon RDS
7 1 (1.49%) RDBMS
7 1 (1.49%) Redis
7 1 (1.49%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 23 (34.33%) JIRA
2 18 (26.87%) Jenkins
3 16 (23.88%) Git (software)
4 9 (13.43%) Selenium
5 4 (5.97%) Ant
5 4 (5.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 4 (5.97%) ClearCase
5 4 (5.97%) Cucumber
5 4 (5.97%) Eclipse
5 4 (5.97%) FishEye
5 4 (5.97%) GitLab
5 4 (5.97%) Gradle
5 4 (5.97%) Hudson
5 4 (5.97%) IntelliJ
5 4 (5.97%) Leiningen
5 4 (5.97%) Maven
5 4 (5.97%) Mercurial
5 4 (5.97%) Poseidon for UML
5 4 (5.97%) Subversion
5 4 (5.97%) Vagrant
General
1 7 (10.45%) Finance
2 6 (8.96%) Banking
3 4 (5.97%) Pharmaceutical
4 2 (2.99%) Back Office
4 2 (2.99%) Public Sector
4 2 (2.99%) Retail
5 1 (1.49%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 11 (16.42%) Consultant
1 11 (16.42%) Developer
2 7 (10.45%) Architect
2 7 (10.45%) CyberArk Consultant
3 6 (8.96%) Senior Developer
4 5 (7.46%) DevOps Engineer
5 4 (5.97%) Administrator
5 4 (5.97%) Systems Administrator
6 3 (4.48%) Analyst
6 3 (4.48%) Cloud Engineer
6 3 (4.48%) Deskside Engineer
6 3 (4.48%) Java Developer
6 3 (4.48%) Linux Engineer
7 2 (2.99%) Cloud Architect
7 2 (2.99%) DevOps Consultant
7 2 (2.99%) Enterprise Solutions Architect
7 2 (2.99%) Platform Designer
7 2 (2.99%) SharePoint Developer
7 2 (2.99%) Site Reliability Engineer
7 2 (2.99%) SWIFT Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (20.90%) JSON
1 14 (20.90%) XML
2 11 (16.42%) Node.js
2 11 (16.42%) REST
3 10 (14.93%) SOAP
4 9 (13.43%) LDAP
5 8 (11.94%) HTML
5 8 (11.94%) SAML
5 8 (11.94%) Web Services
5 8 (11.94%) WebSphere MQ
6 7 (10.45%) Spring
7 6 (8.96%) AngularJS
8 5 (7.46%) .NET
8 5 (7.46%) HTML5
8 5 (7.46%) JMS
8 5 (7.46%) jQuery
8 5 (7.46%) RESTful
9 4 (5.97%) MSMQ
9 4 (5.97%) STL
9 4 (5.97%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 10 (14.93%) Clustering
2 7 (10.45%) Management Information System
3 6 (8.96%) Algorithms
4 5 (7.46%) Data Centre
5 4 (5.97%) Analytical Skills
5 4 (5.97%) Derivative
5 4 (5.97%) Linux Command Line
5 4 (5.97%) PKI
5 4 (5.97%) User Experience
6 3 (4.48%) Enterprise Software
7 2 (2.99%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 2 (2.99%) Private Cloud
7 2 (2.99%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (2.99%) SWIFT
8 1 (1.49%) Cyber Defence
8 1 (1.49%) Cyberthreat
8 1 (1.49%) Device Driver
8 1 (1.49%) Public Cloud
8 1 (1.49%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 31 (46.27%) Linux
1 31 (46.27%) Windows
2 16 (23.88%) Windows Server
3 11 (16.42%) Unix
4 9 (13.43%) CentOS
5 8 (11.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (8.96%) Debian
7 4 (5.97%) Android
7 4 (5.97%) Apple iOS
7 4 (5.97%) Mac OS X
7 4 (5.97%) Ubuntu
8 3 (4.48%) Oracle Linux
8 3 (4.48%) Windows 10
8 3 (4.48%) Windows 7
8 3 (4.48%) Windows 8
9 2 (2.99%) Solaris
10 1 (1.49%) Amazon Linux
10 1 (1.49%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (1.49%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 23 (34.33%) DevOps
2 22 (32.84%) Agile Software Development
3 10 (14.93%) Problem Management
4 9 (13.43%) SIEM
5 8 (11.94%) Identity Management
5 8 (11.94%) Penetration Testing
5 8 (11.94%) Privileged Identity Management
5 8 (11.94%) Task Automation
5 8 (11.94%) Technical Leadership
5 8 (11.94%) Test Automation
5 8 (11.94%) Time Management
6 7 (10.45%) Capacity Planning
6 7 (10.45%) Coaching
6 7 (10.45%) E-Commerce
6 7 (10.45%) ITIL
6 7 (10.45%) Performance Monitoring
6 7 (10.45%) TDD
7 6 (8.96%) Cybersecurity
7 6 (8.96%) Migration
7 6 (8.96%) Systems Engineering
Programming Languages
1 29 (43.28%) SQL
2 25 (37.31%) Python
3 18 (26.87%) Bash Shell
3 18 (26.87%) Java
3 18 (26.87%) JavaScript
4 12 (17.91%) Go
5 11 (16.42%) PHP
5 11 (16.42%) PL/SQL
6 9 (13.43%) Shell Script
7 7 (10.45%) T-SQL
8 6 (8.96%) Perl
8 6 (8.96%) PowerShell
8 6 (8.96%) TypeScript
9 5 (7.46%) Ruby
10 4 (5.97%) C#
10 4 (5.97%) C++
10 4 (5.97%) Clojure
10 4 (5.97%) ClojureScript
10 4 (5.97%) Groovy
10 4 (5.97%) Scala
Qualifications
1 7 (10.45%) Security Cleared
2 4 (5.97%) DV Cleared
3 3 (4.48%) SC Cleared
4 1 (1.49%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (4.48%) QA
2 1 (1.49%) NCSC
2 1 (1.49%) NIST
System Software
1 15 (22.39%) Active Directory
2 11 (16.42%) Docker
3 9 (13.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (10.45%) Postfix
4 7 (10.45%) qmail
5 4 (5.97%) Firmware
5 4 (5.97%) NFS
6 3 (4.48%) BitLocker
7 2 (2.99%) GPFS
7 2 (2.99%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (2.99%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (2.99%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (1.49%) IAG
8 1 (1.49%) KVM
8 1 (1.49%) Snort
8 1 (1.49%) Tivoli Directory Server
8 1 (1.49%) VMware Server
8 1 (1.49%) VMware Workstation
8 1 (1.49%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 23 (34.33%) Terraform
2 13 (19.40%) Kubernetes
3 7 (10.45%) Failover Clustering
4 6 (8.96%) Ansible
4 6 (8.96%) Puppet
5 4 (5.97%) Salt
6 3 (4.48%) SCCM
7 2 (2.99%) Mesos
7 2 (2.99%) ZABBIX
8 1 (1.49%) CA Single Sign-On
8 1 (1.49%) Consul
8 1 (1.49%) FreeIPA
8 1 (1.49%) Grafana
8 1 (1.49%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (1.49%) Packer
8 1 (1.49%) Prometheus
8 1 (1.49%) Single Sign-On
8 1 (1.49%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 23 (34.33%) Oracle
2 17 (25.37%) Microsoft
3 14 (20.90%) IBM
4 10 (14.93%) Red Hat
5 9 (13.43%) VMware
6 8 (11.94%) CyberArk
7 7 (10.45%) BeyondTrust
7 7 (10.45%) CA
7 7 (10.45%) Dynatrace
7 7 (10.45%) New Relic
7 7 (10.45%) Remedy
7 7 (10.45%) Xerox
8 6 (8.96%) Google
8 6 (8.96%) Sybase
9 5 (7.46%) Axway
9 5 (7.46%) Cisco
9 5 (7.46%) Dell
10 4 (5.97%) Hortonworks
10 4 (5.97%) MuleSoft
10 4 (5.97%) Sparx