Period
to 16 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for LDAP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LDAP over the 6 months to 16 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 437 380 304
Rank change year-on-year -57 -76 +88
Contract jobs citing LDAP 557 633 883
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.54% 0.64% 0.83%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.55% 1.98% 2.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 310 380 568
UK median daily rate £475 £440 £423
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.95% +4.14% +2.42%
10th Percentile £325 £284 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £380
% change year-on-year +3.75% +5.26% -0.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 13 23
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £29.00 £49.46
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +55.17% -41.37% +70.55%
10th Percentile £21.00 £13.21 £41.96
90th Percentile £73.75 £40.00 £59.31
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.75 £14.41 £52.00
% change year-on-year +203.71% -72.30% +52.94%

LDAP is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,957 31,985 32,119
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.86% 32.24% 30.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,298 22,427 22,354
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £311 £295
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 329 375 382
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +0.13%
10th Percentile £15.25 £18.60 £13.50
90th Percentile £58.75 £52.50 £50.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +2.50% +11.11% -4.00%

LDAP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LDAP as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LDAP in the UK

LDAP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing LDAP.

Contractor daily rate trend for LDAP in the UK

LDAP
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing LDAP over the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for LDAP in the UK

LDAP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing LDAP.

Contractor hourly rate trend for LDAP in the UK

LDAP
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing LDAP over the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for LDAP in the UK

LDAP
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LDAP within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -38 507 £475 +11.76% 77
UK excluding London -76 279 £415 +3.75% 44
London -9 265 £550 +4.76% 37
South East -10 115 £419 +8.19% 15
Scotland -7 40 £419 +4.69% 4
East of England +9 35 £425 -5.56% 5
North of England -51 33 £398 +6.00% 12
South West -4 30 £450 +1.69% 2
Midlands -59 22 £325 -0.76% 6
Yorkshire -17 17 £390 -8.24% 7
North West -5 13 £400 -11.11% 4
East Midlands -18 11 £325 +13.04% 4
West Midlands -51 11 £360 -17.24% 2
Wales - 4 £500 -
North East -27 3 £483 +35.44% 1

For the 6 months to 16 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing LDAP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for LDAP.

1 244 (43.81%) Linux
2 195 (35.01%) Active Directory
3 174 (31.24%) Windows
4 160 (28.73%) Kerberos
5 157 (28.19%) Java
6 138 (24.78%) SAML
7 136 (24.42%) Unix
8 128 (22.98%) Single Sign-On
9 120 (21.54%) Microsoft
10 118 (21.18%) Ansible
11 112 (20.11%) Oracle
12 110 (19.75%) SQL
13 104 (18.67%) Agile Software Development
14 101 (18.13%) DNS
15 99 (17.77%) Finance
16 95 (17.06%) PKI
17 90 (16.16%) Red Hat
18 88 (15.80%) DevOps
18 88 (15.80%) Security Cleared
19 86 (15.44%) Firewall
20 82 (14.72%) Amazon AWS
21 81 (14.54%) Problem-Solving
22 80 (14.36%) Docker
23 78 (14.00%) PowerShell
24 76 (13.64%) Python
25 73 (13.11%) SQL Server
26 72 (12.93%) VMware
26 72 (12.93%) SC Cleared
27 70 (12.57%) Apache
27 70 (12.57%) Identity Management

LDAP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (12.57%) Apache
2 55 (9.87%) Tomcat
3 49 (8.80%) nginx
4 38 (6.82%) IIS
5 33 (5.92%) WebLogic
6 32 (5.75%) Apache Spark
7 22 (3.95%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 22 (3.95%) WebSphere
8 19 (3.41%) Skype for Business
9 17 (3.05%) JBoss
10 14 (2.51%) Gunicorn
11 13 (2.33%) MS Exchange
12 12 (2.15%) Confluence
13 10 (1.80%) OpenStack
13 10 (1.80%) SharePoint
14 9 (1.62%) Oracle Service Bus
15 8 (1.44%) Exchange Server 2013
15 8 (1.44%) Oracle Workflow
15 8 (1.44%) WebSphere Application Server
16 7 (1.26%) Appian
Applications
1 20 (3.59%) Microsoft Project
2 18 (3.23%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (2.69%) Microsoft Excel
4 13 (2.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 10 (1.80%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (1.08%) Temenos T24
2 5 (0.90%) Remedy ITSM
3 3 (0.54%) SAP ERP
3 3 (0.54%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.54%) Towers Watson Igloo
4 2 (0.36%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 1 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 82 (14.72%) Amazon AWS
2 64 (11.49%) Microsoft Azure
3 26 (4.67%) PaaS
4 23 (4.13%) IaaS
4 23 (4.13%) SaaS
5 20 (3.59%) Office 365
6 19 (3.41%) Cloud Computing
7 16 (2.87%) Serverless
8 14 (2.51%) Route 53
9 13 (2.33%) AWS Lambda
10 10 (1.80%) Azure Active Directory
11 9 (1.62%) OpenShift
12 8 (1.44%) Datadog
13 4 (0.72%) Mimecast
14 3 (0.54%) Boomi
14 3 (0.54%) IBM Cloud
14 3 (0.54%) NuGet
15 2 (0.36%) AWS CloudFormation
15 2 (0.36%) G Suite
15 2 (0.36%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 160 (28.73%) Kerberos
2 101 (18.13%) DNS
3 86 (15.44%) Firewall
4 64 (11.49%) SSL
5 44 (7.90%) HTTP
6 41 (7.36%) DHCP
7 36 (6.46%) TCP/IP
8 32 (5.75%) VPN
9 30 (5.39%) Network Security
10 23 (4.13%) Internet
11 22 (3.95%) SAN
12 19 (3.41%) Diameter Protocol
13 18 (3.23%) 3G
13 18 (3.23%) 4G
13 18 (3.23%) OpenLDAP
13 18 (3.23%) Wireshark
14 16 (2.87%) LAN
14 16 (2.87%) Skype
14 16 (2.87%) VoIP
15 14 (2.51%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (13.11%) SQL Server
2 48 (8.62%) Hadoop
3 40 (7.18%) MySQL
4 29 (5.21%) PostgreSQL
5 27 (4.85%) Big Data
5 27 (4.85%) Relational Database
6 17 (3.05%) Apache Cassandra
7 15 (2.69%) HBase
8 14 (2.51%) DB2
9 11 (1.97%) QlikView
10 9 (1.62%) Apache Hive
10 9 (1.62%) Data Mining
10 9 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
11 8 (1.44%) Redis
12 7 (1.26%) NoSQL
12 7 (1.26%) Pentaho
12 7 (1.26%) Sqoop
13 6 (1.08%) Qlik Sense
14 4 (0.72%) Couchbase
14 4 (0.72%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 67 (12.03%) Git (software)
2 53 (9.52%) Jenkins
3 42 (7.54%) Artifactory
4 30 (5.39%) JIRA
5 26 (4.67%) Bitbucket
6 19 (3.41%) Maven
7 18 (3.23%) JDeveloper
8 15 (2.69%) SoapUI
9 12 (2.15%) Subversion
10 9 (1.62%) GitLab
11 7 (1.26%) IBM UrbanCode
11 7 (1.26%) Sonatype Nexus
12 6 (1.08%) Eclipse
12 6 (1.08%) JUnit
13 5 (0.90%) CircleCI
13 5 (0.90%) Team Foundation Server
13 5 (0.90%) TeamCity
14 4 (0.72%) Ant
14 4 (0.72%) NetBeans
14 4 (0.72%) Vagrant
General
1 99 (17.77%) Finance
2 41 (7.36%) Banking
3 25 (4.49%) Telecoms
4 14 (2.51%) Legal
5 13 (2.33%) Law
6 8 (1.44%) Investment Banking
7 7 (1.26%) Financial Institution
7 7 (1.26%) Marketing
7 7 (1.26%) Retail
8 5 (0.90%) Games
9 4 (0.72%) Manufacturing
9 4 (0.72%) Publishing
10 3 (0.54%) Back Office
10 3 (0.54%) German Language
10 3 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.36%) Electronics
11 2 (0.36%) Wholesale Banking
12 1 (0.18%) Advertising
12 1 (0.18%) Aerospace
12 1 (0.18%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 99 (17.77%) Developer
2 62 (11.13%) Administrator
2 62 (11.13%) Architect
3 54 (9.69%) Consultant
4 38 (6.82%) Systems Administrator
5 37 (6.64%) DevOps Engineer
6 32 (5.75%) Java Developer
7 29 (5.21%) Analyst
7 29 (5.21%) Linux Administrator
8 27 (4.85%) Security Architect
9 26 (4.67%) Linux Systems Administrator
10 23 (4.13%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 23 (4.13%) Linux Engineer
10 23 (4.13%) Support Engineer
11 16 (2.87%) Oracle Developer
12 15 (2.69%) Big Data Engineer
12 15 (2.69%) Cloud Engineer
12 15 (2.69%) Data Engineer
12 15 (2.69%) Test Engineer
13 13 (2.33%) ServiceNow Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 138 (24.78%) SAML
2 67 (12.03%) XML
3 57 (10.23%) Web Services
4 44 (7.90%) SOAP
5 41 (7.36%) Middleware
6 36 (6.46%) .NET
6 36 (6.46%) OAuth
7 34 (6.10%) HTML
8 26 (4.67%) Kafka
9 24 (4.31%) REST
9 24 (4.31%) SailPoint
9 24 (4.31%) WCF
10 23 (4.13%) J2EE
11 20 (3.59%) SPNEGO
12 19 (3.41%) Spring
13 16 (2.87%) CSS
13 16 (2.87%) Node.js
14 13 (2.33%) COM+
14 13 (2.33%) DCOM
14 13 (2.33%) JSP
Miscellaneous
1 95 (17.06%) PKI
2 43 (7.72%) Analytical Skills
3 27 (4.85%) Data Centre
4 21 (3.77%) Clustering
5 19 (3.41%) Management Information System
6 16 (2.87%) Replication
7 15 (2.69%) Public Cloud
8 13 (2.33%) Enterprise Software
9 11 (1.97%) Self-Motivation
10 10 (1.80%) Mainframe
10 10 (1.80%) Private Cloud
11 9 (1.62%) Client/Server
11 9 (1.62%) User Experience
12 8 (1.44%) DataPower
12 8 (1.44%) Video Conferencing
12 8 (1.44%) Virtual Team
13 7 (1.26%) IVR
14 6 (1.08%) Algorithms
14 6 (1.08%) CMDB
14 6 (1.08%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 244 (43.81%) Linux
2 174 (31.24%) Windows
3 136 (24.42%) Unix
4 67 (12.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 57 (10.23%) Windows Server
6 52 (9.34%) Ubuntu
7 41 (7.36%) CentOS
8 38 (6.82%) Solaris
9 29 (5.21%) Windows Server 2008
10 23 (4.13%) Windows Server 2012
11 12 (2.15%) Windows 7
12 10 (1.80%) AIX
12 10 (1.80%) Windows Server 2003
13 8 (1.44%) Debian
13 8 (1.44%) FreeBSD
13 8 (1.44%) SUSE
13 8 (1.44%) Windows 10
14 5 (0.90%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 2 (0.36%) Android
15 2 (0.36%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 104 (18.67%) Agile Software Development
2 88 (15.80%) DevOps
3 81 (14.54%) Problem-Solving
4 70 (12.57%) Identity Management
5 67 (12.03%) ITIL
6 53 (9.52%) Migration
6 53 (9.52%) SOA
7 50 (8.98%) Configuration Management
8 39 (7.00%) Identity Access Management
9 38 (6.82%) Scrum
10 35 (6.28%) Workflow
11 34 (6.10%) Project Management
12 32 (5.75%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 32 (5.75%) Performance Tuning
12 32 (5.75%) Release Management
13 29 (5.21%) Open Source
14 28 (5.03%) Change Management
15 27 (4.85%) Capacity Management
15 27 (4.85%) Continuous Delivery
16 26 (4.67%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 157 (28.19%) Java
2 110 (19.75%) SQL
3 78 (14.00%) PowerShell
4 76 (13.64%) Python
5 46 (8.26%) Bash Shell
5 46 (8.26%) JavaScript
6 39 (7.00%) Perl
7 34 (6.10%) C#
8 30 (5.39%) C++
9 27 (4.85%) Shell Script
10 10 (1.80%) Ruby
11 9 (1.62%) PHP
12 7 (1.26%) BeanShell
13 6 (1.08%) C
14 5 (0.90%) Go
14 5 (0.90%) Scala
14 5 (0.90%) VB
14 5 (0.90%) VBA
15 4 (0.72%) Groovy
15 4 (0.72%) Tcl
Qualifications
1 88 (15.80%) Security Cleared
2 72 (12.93%) SC Cleared
3 12 (2.15%) Microsoft Certification
4 9 (1.62%) Degree
5 8 (1.44%) MCSE
6 7 (1.26%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.90%) Cisco Certification
7 5 (0.90%) CISSP
7 5 (0.90%) RHCE
7 5 (0.90%) RHCSA
8 4 (0.72%) RHCVA
9 3 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
9 3 (0.54%) CCNP
9 3 (0.54%) ITIL Certification
9 3 (0.54%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 2 (0.36%) CCNA
10 2 (0.36%) CISA
10 2 (0.36%) CISM
10 2 (0.36%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.36%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (4.31%) QA
2 23 (4.13%) SLA
3 12 (2.15%) Data Quality
3 12 (2.15%) GDPR
4 9 (1.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.54%) JSP 440
5 3 (0.54%) PMO
6 2 (0.36%) GPG13
6 2 (0.36%) HIPAA
6 2 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 2 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 195 (35.01%) Active Directory
2 80 (14.36%) Docker
3 52 (9.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (3.23%) VMware ESXi
5 17 (3.05%) Hyper-V
6 16 (2.87%) Virtual Servers
7 15 (2.69%) iptables
7 15 (2.69%) Samba
7 15 (2.69%) vSphere
8 14 (2.51%) NFS
8 14 (2.51%) Virtual Machines
9 12 (2.15%) KVM
10 10 (1.80%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 8 (1.44%) Postfix
11 8 (1.44%) XenApp
12 7 (1.26%) DFS Replication
12 7 (1.26%) HDFS
12 7 (1.26%) vCloud
12 7 (1.26%) VMware NSX
12 7 (1.26%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 128 (22.98%) Single Sign-On
2 118 (21.18%) Ansible
3 60 (10.77%) CA Single Sign-On
4 50 (8.98%) Puppet
5 41 (7.36%) Terraform
6 39 (7.00%) Kubernetes
7 28 (5.03%) Opscode Chef
8 20 (3.59%) HP Fortify
9 18 (3.23%) Oracle Identity Management
9 18 (3.23%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 15 (2.69%) HP ALM
11 12 (2.15%) Nagios
12 11 (1.97%) yum
13 10 (1.80%) Red Hat Satellite
13 10 (1.80%) SELinux
14 9 (1.62%) ITRS Geneos
14 9 (1.62%) NetBackup
14 9 (1.62%) SCOM
14 9 (1.62%) ZABBIX
15 8 (1.44%) Oracle ZFS
Vendors
1 120 (21.54%) Microsoft
2 112 (20.11%) Oracle
3 90 (16.16%) Red Hat
4 72 (12.93%) VMware
5 46 (8.26%) ServiceNow
6 43 (7.72%) BMC
6 43 (7.72%) Cisco
7 41 (7.36%) CA
8 36 (6.46%) HP
9 25 (4.49%) Axway
10 24 (4.31%) Citrix
11 21 (3.77%) ForgeRock
12 19 (3.41%) McAfee
13 18 (3.23%) IBM
13 18 (3.23%) Nokia
13 18 (3.23%) Okta
14 14 (2.51%) CyberArk
14 14 (2.51%) Sun
14 14 (2.51%) Veritas
15 13 (2.33%) Splunk