Period
to 9 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for LDAP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited LDAP over the 6 months to 9 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
UK
6 months to
9 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 354 476 469
Rank change year-on-year +122 -7 -90
Contract jobs citing LDAP 197 401 505
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.56% 0.44% 0.49%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.84% 1.38% 1.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 145 265 289
Median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
10th Percentile £318 £338 £327
90th Percentile £633 £713 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £413
% change year-on-year +5.56% +9.09% +0.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 3 14
Median hourly rate £46.40 £35.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.57% - -12.50%
10th Percentile £37.28 £20.94 £21.08
90th Percentile £62.08 £44.34 £73.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.40 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +32.57% - -

LDAP is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,683 29,109 35,209
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.34% 31.73% 34.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,103 20,293 24,859
Median daily rate £500 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +5.56%
10th Percentile £330 £333 £319
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £420
% change year-on-year +2.86% +4.17% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 169 324 352
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.45% +7.32% +2.50%
10th Percentile £22.33 £19.99 £15.24
90th Percentile £63.98 £60.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -18.60% +7.50% -

LDAP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing LDAP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for LDAP in the UK

LDAP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing LDAP.

Daily rate trend for LDAP in the UK

LDAP
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing LDAP over the 6 months to 9 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for LDAP in the UK

LDAP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing LDAP.

Hourly rate trend for LDAP in the UK

LDAP
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing LDAP over the 6 months to 9 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for LDAP in the UK

LDAP
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing LDAP within the UK over the 6 months to 9 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +121 174 £500 - 25
London +164 99 £500 -9.09% 17
UK excluding London +75 84 £475 +5.56% 10
South East +115 36 £490 +8.89% 2
Work from Home -7 23 £500 +11.11% 2
Midlands +94 16 £550 +33.33% 2
Scotland +55 13 £525 +5.00% 2
South West +79 11 £483 +7.22% 3
West Midlands +65 10 £450 +40.63% 1
North of England +92 6 £245 -40.61% 1
East Midlands +55 6 £700 +60.00%
North West +76 4 £241 -39.75%
Yorkshire +58 1 £450 +5.88%
East of England +42 1 £368 -30.00%
Wales +41 1 £600 +20.00%
North East +35 1 £350 -28.21% 1

For the 6 months to 9 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing LDAP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for LDAP.

1 119 (60.41%) Active Directory
2 75 (38.07%) Windows
3 71 (36.04%) Linux
4 65 (32.99%) Azure
5 59 (29.95%) Java
5 59 (29.95%) Microsoft
6 56 (28.43%) AWS
6 56 (28.43%) DevOps
7 52 (26.40%) PowerShell
8 51 (25.89%) Oracle
9 48 (24.37%) SQL Server
9 48 (24.37%) DNS
10 43 (21.83%) Agile Software Development
11 42 (21.32%) Unix
11 42 (21.32%) Security Cleared
12 41 (20.81%) JavaScript
12 41 (20.81%) MySQL
13 40 (20.30%) Web Services
14 39 (19.80%) SAML
14 39 (19.80%) PKI
14 39 (19.80%) Identity Access Management
15 38 (19.29%) SailPoint
15 38 (19.29%) Workflow
16 37 (18.78%) SQL
17 36 (18.27%) Kerberos
18 34 (17.26%) XML
19 33 (16.75%) Python
19 33 (16.75%) SC Cleared
19 33 (16.75%) Docker
20 32 (16.24%) Firewall

LDAP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (8.12%) Apache
2 14 (7.11%) SharePoint
3 12 (6.09%) Confluence
3 12 (6.09%) Tomcat
4 10 (5.08%) IIS
5 9 (4.57%) Elasticsearch
6 8 (4.06%) MS Exchange
7 7 (3.55%) Skype for Business
8 6 (3.05%) CMS
9 5 (2.54%) JBoss
9 5 (2.54%) nginx
10 4 (2.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (1.52%) Documentum
11 3 (1.52%) Oracle Workflow
12 2 (1.02%) Appian
12 2 (1.02%) IBM HTTP Server
12 2 (1.02%) WebSphere
12 2 (1.02%) WebSphere Application Server
13 1 (0.51%) Apache Spark
13 1 (0.51%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 11 (5.58%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (2.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (1.52%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (1.02%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.51%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 2 (1.02%) SAP HCM
2 1 (0.51%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.51%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.51%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 65 (32.99%) Azure
2 56 (28.43%) AWS
3 17 (8.63%) Azure Active Directory
4 13 (6.60%) GCP
4 13 (6.60%) PaaS
5 11 (5.58%) Cloud Computing
5 11 (5.58%) SaaS
6 10 (5.08%) IaaS
7 9 (4.57%) GitHub
8 8 (4.06%) Office 365
9 5 (2.54%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (2.03%) OpenShift
11 3 (1.52%) Amazon ELB
11 3 (1.52%) Apigee
12 2 (1.02%) Amazon GuardDuty
12 2 (1.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 1 (0.51%) Amazon SageMaker
13 1 (0.51%) AWS Lambda
13 1 (0.51%) Azure Functions
13 1 (0.51%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 48 (24.37%) DNS
2 36 (18.27%) Kerberos
3 32 (16.24%) Firewall
4 30 (15.23%) TCP/IP
5 25 (12.69%) DHCP
6 19 (9.64%) WAN
7 18 (9.14%) SMTP
7 18 (9.14%) SSL
8 17 (8.63%) HTTP
9 11 (5.58%) Internet
9 11 (5.58%) SNMP
9 11 (5.58%) X.500
10 10 (5.08%) LAN
11 9 (4.57%) SAN
12 8 (4.06%) Network Security
13 7 (3.55%) HTTPS
13 7 (3.55%) Skype
14 6 (3.05%) IPsec
14 6 (3.05%) VLAN
14 6 (3.05%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (24.37%) SQL Server
2 41 (20.81%) MySQL
3 23 (11.68%) PostgreSQL
4 10 (5.08%) Relational Database
5 8 (4.06%) DB2
5 8 (4.06%) DB2 UDB
6 6 (3.05%) MariaDB
7 4 (2.03%) Apache Cassandra
7 4 (2.03%) Big Data
7 4 (2.03%) Hadoop
7 4 (2.03%) HBase
7 4 (2.03%) NoSQL
7 4 (2.03%) Sybase ASE
8 3 (1.52%) Amazon RDS
8 3 (1.52%) Flink
8 3 (1.52%) JanusGraph
8 3 (1.52%) MongoDB
9 2 (1.02%) Amazon Redshift
9 2 (1.02%) Data Warehouse
9 2 (1.02%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 26 (13.20%) JIRA
2 20 (10.15%) Git (software)
3 12 (6.09%) Subversion
4 11 (5.58%) Visual Studio
5 10 (5.08%) Eclipse
5 10 (5.08%) GitLab
5 10 (5.08%) Maven
5 10 (5.08%) Selenium
6 9 (4.57%) Jenkins
7 8 (4.06%) Ant
8 7 (3.55%) JUnit
9 6 (3.05%) Artifactory
10 5 (2.54%) TeamCity
11 4 (2.03%) Sonatype Nexus
11 4 (2.03%) Team Foundation Server
12 3 (1.52%) Cucumber
13 2 (1.02%) Bitbucket
13 2 (1.02%) SoapUI
14 1 (0.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 1 (0.51%) Serena SBM
General
1 27 (13.71%) Finance
2 13 (6.60%) Banking
3 11 (5.58%) Public Sector
4 8 (4.06%) Telecoms
5 5 (2.54%) Retail
6 4 (2.03%) Manufacturing
6 4 (2.03%) Marketing
7 3 (1.52%) Investment Banking
7 3 (1.52%) Law
7 3 (1.52%) Legal
8 2 (1.02%) Electronics
8 2 (1.02%) Financial Institution
8 2 (1.02%) Games
8 2 (1.02%) International Banking
9 1 (0.51%) Billing
9 1 (0.51%) French Language
9 1 (0.51%) German Language
9 1 (0.51%) Italian Language
9 1 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.51%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 26 (13.20%) Architect
1 26 (13.20%) Developer
2 21 (10.66%) Consultant
3 20 (10.15%) DevOps Engineer
4 17 (8.63%) Analyst
5 11 (5.58%) Administrator
6 8 (4.06%) SailPoint Architect
7 7 (3.55%) Active Directory Engineer
7 7 (3.55%) Systems Administrator
8 6 (3.05%) IAM Consultant
8 6 (3.05%) Support Engineer
9 5 (2.54%) Azure Developer
9 5 (2.54%) Azure Engineer
9 5 (2.54%) Senior DevOps
9 5 (2.54%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 5 (2.54%) Site Engineer
9 5 (2.54%) Site Reliability Engineer
10 4 (2.03%) AWS Engineer
10 4 (2.03%) ServiceNow Developer
10 4 (2.03%) SOC Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (20.30%) Web Services
2 39 (19.80%) SAML
3 38 (19.29%) SailPoint
4 34 (17.26%) XML
5 29 (14.72%) HTML
5 29 (14.72%) OpenID
5 29 (14.72%) SOAP
6 24 (12.18%) OAuth
7 20 (10.15%) .NET
8 19 (9.64%) Servlets
9 18 (9.14%) JSP
9 18 (9.14%) Node.js
10 14 (7.11%) SPML
11 13 (6.60%) REST
12 10 (5.08%) AngularJS
13 9 (4.57%) Middleware
14 8 (4.06%) Celery
14 8 (4.06%) RabbitMQ
14 8 (4.06%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 7 (3.55%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 39 (19.80%) PKI
2 18 (9.14%) Clustering
3 14 (7.11%) Analytical Skills
3 14 (7.11%) Linux Command Line
4 11 (5.58%) CMDB
5 9 (4.57%) Enterprise Software
5 9 (4.57%) Management Information System
5 9 (4.57%) Replication
6 8 (4.06%) Mainframe
7 6 (3.05%) Blog
7 6 (3.05%) Data Centre
7 6 (3.05%) Public Cloud
7 6 (3.05%) Self-Motivation
8 5 (2.54%) DataPower
9 4 (2.03%) CESG
9 4 (2.03%) Client/Server
9 4 (2.03%) Cloud Native
9 4 (2.03%) IVR
9 4 (2.03%) Security Operations Centre
9 4 (2.03%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 75 (38.07%) Windows
2 71 (36.04%) Linux
3 42 (21.32%) Unix
4 25 (12.69%) Windows Server
5 14 (7.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (6.60%) Windows Server 2019
7 12 (6.09%) Windows Server 2016
8 11 (5.58%) Solaris
9 10 (5.08%) Windows Server 2003
9 10 (5.08%) Windows Server 2008
9 10 (5.08%) Windows Server 2012
10 9 (4.57%) AIX
11 7 (3.55%) Mac OS X
12 6 (3.05%) CentOS
12 6 (3.05%) Debian
13 4 (2.03%) Android
13 4 (2.03%) Ubuntu
14 3 (1.52%) Windows 10
15 1 (0.51%) Apple iOS
15 1 (0.51%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 56 (28.43%) DevOps
2 43 (21.83%) Agile Software Development
3 39 (19.80%) Identity Access Management
4 38 (19.29%) Workflow
5 28 (14.21%) Problem-Solving
6 27 (13.71%) ITIL
6 27 (13.71%) Migration
7 25 (12.69%) Test Automation
8 23 (11.68%) Configuration Management
8 23 (11.68%) High Availability
8 23 (11.68%) Identity Management
9 20 (10.15%) Project Management
10 18 (9.14%) Kanban
11 17 (8.63%) Scrum
12 16 (8.12%) Change Management
12 16 (8.12%) Microservices
13 15 (7.61%) Infrastructure as Code
14 14 (7.11%) Continuous Integration
15 12 (6.09%) Load Balancing
15 12 (6.09%) Project Planning
Programming Languages
1 59 (29.95%) Java
2 52 (26.40%) PowerShell
3 41 (20.81%) JavaScript
4 37 (18.78%) SQL
5 33 (16.75%) Python
6 20 (10.15%) Shell Script
7 16 (8.12%) Bash Shell
8 15 (7.61%) Perl
9 14 (7.11%) C#
10 13 (6.60%) BeanShell
11 9 (4.57%) C
12 8 (4.06%) Bourne shell
12 8 (4.06%) Korn
13 6 (3.05%) PHP
13 6 (3.05%) VB.NET
14 4 (2.03%) Ruby
14 4 (2.03%) TypeScript
15 3 (1.52%) T-SQL
15 3 (1.52%) VB
16 2 (1.02%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 42 (21.32%) Security Cleared
2 33 (16.75%) SC Cleared
3 13 (6.60%) Degree
4 12 (6.09%) DV Cleared
5 8 (4.06%) CISSP
6 6 (3.05%) Master's Degree
6 6 (3.05%) Microsoft Certification
7 4 (2.03%) CEH
7 4 (2.03%) CREST Certified
7 4 (2.03%) GIAC
7 4 (2.03%) MCSE
8 3 (1.52%) AWS Certification
8 3 (1.52%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (1.52%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (1.02%) CCNA
9 2 (1.02%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.51%) LPIC
10 1 (0.51%) MCP
10 1 (0.51%) MCSA
10 1 (0.51%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (3.05%) SLA
2 2 (1.02%) Data Quality
2 2 (1.02%) GDPR
2 2 (1.02%) NCSC
2 2 (1.02%) QA
3 1 (0.51%) GLP
3 1 (0.51%) GMP
3 1 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.51%) NIST
3 1 (0.51%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 119 (60.41%) Active Directory
2 33 (16.75%) Docker
3 24 (12.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (6.60%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
5 12 (6.09%) NDS
6 10 (5.08%) Hyper-V
7 9 (4.57%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 8 (4.06%) RACF
9 5 (2.54%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (2.03%) IAG
10 4 (2.03%) Snort
10 4 (2.03%) Virtual Machines
11 3 (1.52%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (1.02%) OpenIDM
13 1 (0.51%) HDFS
13 1 (0.51%) KVM
13 1 (0.51%) OpenAM
13 1 (0.51%) Postfix
13 1 (0.51%) RHEV
13 1 (0.51%) Samba
Systems Management
1 31 (15.74%) Single Sign-On
2 28 (14.21%) Terraform
3 27 (13.71%) Kubernetes
4 26 (13.20%) Ansible
5 21 (10.66%) Puppet
6 13 (6.60%) Microsoft Clustering
7 12 (6.09%) Kibana
8 10 (5.08%) Grafana
8 10 (5.08%) Opscode Chef
9 9 (4.57%) Failover Clustering
10 8 (4.06%) NetIQ Identity Manager
10 8 (4.06%) Tivoli
11 7 (3.55%) Forefront Identity Manager
12 5 (2.54%) SCOM
13 4 (2.03%) Network Intrusion Detection System
13 4 (2.03%) Prometheus
13 4 (2.03%) ZABBIX
14 3 (1.52%) CA Single Sign-On
14 3 (1.52%) Docker Swarm
14 3 (1.52%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 59 (29.95%) Microsoft
2 51 (25.89%) Oracle
3 27 (13.71%) VMware
4 24 (12.18%) Red Hat
5 20 (10.15%) ServiceNow
6 18 (9.14%) SAP
7 17 (8.63%) IBM
8 15 (7.61%) Sybase
9 14 (7.11%) Novell
10 13 (6.60%) ForgeRock
11 12 (6.09%) HP
11 12 (6.09%) Sun
12 11 (5.58%) CyberArk
12 11 (5.58%) NetIQ
13 10 (5.08%) Cisco
14 9 (4.57%) CA
15 8 (4.06%) PeopleSoft
15 8 (4.06%) SaltStack
16 7 (3.55%) Citrix
16 7 (3.55%) Splunk