Period
to 27 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SAML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SAML over the 6 months to 27 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML)
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 523 367 550
Rank change year-on-year -156 +183 -33
Contract jobs citing SAML 318 174 277
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.37% 0.54% 0.33%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.26% 1.73% 1.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 221 112 163
10th Percentile £450 £357 £400
25th Percentile £500 £422 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -4.55%
75th Percentile £684 £575 £588
90th Percentile £725 £638 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £475 £525
% change year-on-year +15.79% -9.52% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 1 0
Median hourly rate £77.75 £42.00 -
Median % change year-on-year +85.12% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £77.50 - -

SAML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 25,332 10,069 26,149
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.72% 31.10% 31.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,264 7,143 18,379
10th Percentile £369 £313 £338
25th Percentile £431 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £443 £440
% change year-on-year +7.34% +0.57% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 79 245
10th Percentile £17.90 £22.50 £20.03
25th Percentile £29.78 £30.00 £31.25
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +15.29% -5.56% +8.25%
75th Percentile £63.25 £54.84 £53.00
90th Percentile £73.45 £66.00 £73.45
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.00 £47.50 £43.75
% change year-on-year +3.16% +8.57% +5.42%

SAML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SAML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SAML in the UK

SAML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SAML.

Daily rate trend for SAML in the UK

SAML
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SAML over the 6 months to 27 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SAML in the UK

SAML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SAML.

Hourly rate trend for SAML in the UK

SAML
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SAML within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -150 251 £600 +20.00% 56
London -112 150 £630 +14.55% 29
Work from Home -162 93 £575 +17.95% 8
UK excluding London -168 93 £550 +15.79% 29
South East -65 25 £463 - 14
North of England -84 25 £595 +53.55% 1
Midlands -70 18 £550 +22.22% 4
West Midlands -61 14 £550 +22.22% 3
South West -69 12 £500 -4.76% 1
Scotland -75 11 £525 -34.38% 4
North West -79 11 £800 +106.45% 1
Yorkshire -49 7 £400 -
North East - 7 £588 -
East Midlands - 4 £555 - 1
East of England -51 2 £750 +17.65% 4

For the 6 months to 27 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SAML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SAML.

1 160 (50.31%) Azure
2 157 (49.37%) OAuth
3 135 (42.45%) Active Directory
4 122 (38.36%) Single Sign-On
5 107 (33.65%) Microsoft
6 102 (32.08%) AWS
6 102 (32.08%) OpenID
7 93 (29.25%) LDAP
8 88 (27.67%) Azure Active Directory
9 84 (26.42%) DevOps
10 78 (24.53%) Identity Access Management
11 76 (23.90%) Agile Software Development
12 68 (21.38%) Windows
13 65 (20.44%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 56 (17.61%) Python
14 56 (17.61%) JavaScript
14 56 (17.61%) SaaS
15 55 (17.30%) Finance
16 53 (16.67%) Java
16 53 (16.67%) REST
17 50 (15.72%) Social Skills
18 49 (15.41%) PowerShell
18 49 (15.41%) Kerberos
19 48 (15.09%) Firewall
20 45 (14.15%) Cybersecurity
21 44 (13.84%) OAuth2
22 43 (13.52%) SSL
23 42 (13.21%) Security Architecture
23 42 (13.21%) Docker
24 41 (12.89%) Kubernetes

SAML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (6.60%) Apache
2 13 (4.09%) Confluence
3 11 (3.46%) Apache Spark
3 11 (3.46%) IIS
4 10 (3.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 9 (2.83%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (2.83%) Tomcat
6 8 (2.52%) BizTalk Server
6 8 (2.52%) Mule ESB
6 8 (2.52%) nginx
7 7 (2.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 7 (2.20%) SharePoint
8 6 (1.89%) CMS
8 6 (1.89%) MS Exchange
8 6 (1.89%) Mule
8 6 (1.89%) OpenStack
9 3 (0.94%) Anypoint
9 3 (0.94%) Apache Solr
9 3 (0.94%) Drupal
9 3 (0.94%) WebLogic
Applications
1 7 (2.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (1.89%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (1.57%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.31%) Figma
5 1 (0.31%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (1.26%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.31%) BusinessWorks
Cloud Services
1 160 (50.31%) Azure
2 102 (32.08%) AWS
3 88 (27.67%) Azure Active Directory
4 56 (17.61%) SaaS
5 40 (12.58%) Microsoft 365
6 37 (11.64%) Serverless
7 32 (10.06%) GCP
7 32 (10.06%) PaaS
8 22 (6.92%) IaaS
9 20 (6.29%) GitHub
10 16 (5.03%) AWS Lambda
10 16 (5.03%) Azure Data Factory
11 14 (4.40%) Azure Functions
12 12 (3.77%) Azure Service Bus
13 10 (3.14%) Amazon EC2
13 10 (3.14%) Amazon S3
13 10 (3.14%) AWS CloudFormation
14 9 (2.83%) Azure Key Vault
15 8 (2.52%) Azure Event Grid
15 8 (2.52%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 49 (15.41%) Kerberos
2 48 (15.09%) Firewall
3 43 (13.52%) SSL
4 26 (8.18%) VPN
5 25 (7.86%) HTTP
6 21 (6.60%) Network Security
7 20 (6.29%) IPsec
8 12 (3.77%) X.509
9 11 (3.46%) TCP/IP
10 9 (2.83%) Unified Communications
10 9 (2.83%) VoIP
11 6 (1.89%) Cisco ASA
12 5 (1.57%) DNS
12 5 (1.57%) NetScaler
13 4 (1.26%) Internet
13 4 (1.26%) LAN
13 4 (1.26%) VLAN
14 3 (0.94%) HTTPS
14 3 (0.94%) Reverse Proxy
14 3 (0.94%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (10.38%) SQL Server
2 24 (7.55%) MySQL
3 17 (5.35%) Relational Database
4 16 (5.03%) Data Lake
5 10 (3.14%) Azure SQL Database
5 10 (3.14%) Hadoop
6 8 (2.52%) Big Data
6 8 (2.52%) RDBMS
7 7 (2.20%) Redis
8 6 (1.89%) Oracle Reports
8 6 (1.89%) PostgreSQL
9 5 (1.57%) Data Warehouse
9 5 (1.57%) MongoDB
10 4 (1.26%) Apache Cassandra
10 4 (1.26%) FileMaker
10 4 (1.26%) Tableau
11 3 (0.94%) Amazon RDS
11 3 (0.94%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
11 3 (0.94%) NoSQL
11 3 (0.94%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 31 (9.75%) JIRA
2 22 (6.92%) Jenkins
3 18 (5.66%) Git (software)
3 18 (5.66%) Maven
4 10 (3.14%) Visual Studio
5 9 (2.83%) Subversion
6 7 (2.20%) Cucumber
6 7 (2.20%) Selenium
7 6 (1.89%) kappa
7 6 (1.89%) Visual Studio Code
8 5 (1.57%) GitLab
8 5 (1.57%) Gradle
9 4 (1.26%) Artifactory
9 4 (1.26%) JUnit
9 4 (1.26%) NUnit
10 3 (0.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 3 (0.94%) SonarQube
10 3 (0.94%) Sonatype Nexus
11 2 (0.63%) Arquillian
11 2 (0.63%) AutoIt
General
1 55 (17.30%) Finance
2 50 (15.72%) Social Skills
3 37 (11.64%) Banking
4 19 (5.97%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (5.66%) Public Sector
6 10 (3.14%) Legal
7 9 (2.83%) Digital Economy
8 6 (1.89%) German Language
9 5 (1.57%) Investment Banking
10 3 (0.94%) Documentation Skills
10 3 (0.94%) French Language
10 3 (0.94%) Influencing Skills
10 3 (0.94%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.63%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.63%) Marketing
11 2 (0.63%) Presentation Skills
11 2 (0.63%) Retail
12 1 (0.31%) Games
12 1 (0.31%) Organisational Skills
12 1 (0.31%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 118 (37.11%) Architect
2 35 (11.01%) Consultant
2 35 (11.01%) Security Engineer
3 34 (10.69%) Solutions Architect
4 27 (8.49%) Security Architect
5 25 (7.86%) Developer
6 20 (6.29%) Technical Architect
7 15 (4.72%) Azure Architect
8 14 (4.40%) Senior Architect
9 12 (3.77%) Azure Engineer
9 12 (3.77%) DevOps Engineer
9 12 (3.77%) Lead Architect
10 11 (3.46%) Technical Leader
11 10 (3.14%) Analyst
11 10 (3.14%) Cloud Architect
12 9 (2.83%) Cloud Engineer
12 9 (2.83%) Integration Architect
13 8 (2.52%) Microsoft 365 Engineer
14 7 (2.20%) IAM Specialist
14 7 (2.20%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 157 (49.37%) OAuth
2 102 (32.08%) OpenID
3 93 (29.25%) LDAP
4 53 (16.67%) REST
5 44 (13.84%) OAuth2
6 41 (12.89%) SOAP
7 40 (12.58%) Web Services
8 29 (9.12%) .NET
9 27 (8.49%) JSON
10 25 (7.86%) Node.js
11 21 (6.60%) JWT
12 20 (6.29%) HTML
12 20 (6.29%) XML
13 15 (4.72%) RESTful
13 15 (4.72%) WebAuthn
14 14 (4.40%) JDBC
14 14 (4.40%) ODBC
15 13 (4.09%) CSS
15 13 (4.09%) SPNEGO
16 12 (3.77%) XACML
Miscellaneous
1 30 (9.43%) PKI
2 18 (5.66%) Public Cloud
3 15 (4.72%) Cloud Native
3 15 (4.72%) Hybrid Cloud
4 12 (3.77%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
5 9 (2.83%) Enterprise Storage
6 7 (2.20%) Legacy Systems
7 6 (1.89%) Clustering
7 6 (1.89%) Management Information System
7 6 (1.89%) RSA SecurID
8 5 (1.57%) Enterprise Software
8 5 (1.57%) Greenfield Project
8 5 (1.57%) User Experience
8 5 (1.57%) YubiKey
9 4 (1.26%) Mainframe
9 4 (1.26%) Replication
9 4 (1.26%) Self-Motivation
10 3 (0.94%) Data Structures
10 3 (0.94%) Linux Command Line
10 3 (0.94%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 68 (21.38%) Windows
2 35 (11.01%) Linux
3 31 (9.75%) Unix
4 22 (6.92%) Windows Server
5 14 (4.40%) Windows 10
6 10 (3.14%) Windows Server 2012
7 9 (2.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (2.83%) Windows Server 2008
8 4 (1.26%) SUSE
9 3 (0.94%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.63%) Android
10 2 (0.63%) Apple iOS
11 1 (0.31%) AIX
11 1 (0.31%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 84 (26.42%) DevOps
2 78 (24.53%) Identity Access Management
3 76 (23.90%) Agile Software Development
4 45 (14.15%) Cybersecurity
5 42 (13.21%) Security Architecture
6 35 (11.01%) Microservices
7 32 (10.06%) Multi-Factor Authentication
8 30 (9.43%) Migration
8 30 (9.43%) Problem-Solving
8 30 (9.43%) SIEM
9 29 (9.12%) B2C
10 24 (7.55%) SOA
11 22 (6.92%) Scrum
12 21 (6.60%) Change Management
13 20 (6.29%) Identity Management
14 18 (5.66%) Configuration Management
14 18 (5.66%) Data Security
14 18 (5.66%) Project Management
14 18 (5.66%) TDD
15 17 (5.35%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 56 (17.61%) JavaScript
1 56 (17.61%) Python
2 53 (16.67%) Java
3 49 (15.41%) PowerShell
4 37 (11.64%) SQL
5 23 (7.23%) C#
6 15 (4.72%) Ruby
7 11 (3.46%) Bash Shell
8 9 (2.83%) C
9 8 (2.52%) Groovy
10 7 (2.20%) Apex Code
10 7 (2.20%) Perl
10 7 (2.20%) TypeScript
11 6 (1.89%) Shell Script
12 4 (1.26%) PHP
13 3 (0.94%) Go
13 3 (0.94%) Java 8
13 3 (0.94%) Scala
14 2 (0.63%) C++
14 2 (0.63%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 38 (11.95%) Security Cleared
2 35 (11.01%) SC Cleared
3 24 (7.55%) Degree
4 5 (1.57%) BPSS Clearance
4 5 (1.57%) CISSP
4 5 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
4 5 (1.57%) Microsoft Certification
5 3 (0.94%) CISM
6 1 (0.31%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.31%) CCSA
6 1 (0.31%) CEH
6 1 (0.31%) CISA
6 1 (0.31%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.31%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.31%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.31%) MCITP
6 1 (0.31%) MCSE
6 1 (0.31%) TOGAF Certification
6 1 (0.31%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (6.92%) GDPR
2 19 (5.97%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 10 (3.14%) PCI DSS
4 9 (2.83%) NIST
5 5 (1.57%) QA
6 3 (0.94%) Accessibility
7 2 (0.63%) COBIT
7 2 (0.63%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.63%) HIPAA
7 2 (0.63%) PSD2
7 2 (0.63%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.31%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.31%) SLA
8 1 (0.31%) SOC 2
System Software
1 135 (42.45%) Active Directory
2 42 (13.21%) Docker
3 14 (4.40%) OpenAM
4 12 (3.77%) RACF
5 10 (3.14%) OpenIDM
6 9 (2.83%) Microsoft App-V
7 7 (2.20%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 7 (2.20%) IAG
8 4 (1.26%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (1.26%) VMware Infrastructure
9 3 (0.94%) DFS Replication
9 3 (0.94%) OpenDJ
10 2 (0.63%) NDS
10 2 (0.63%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 2 (0.63%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (0.31%) Postfix
11 1 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.31%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 122 (38.36%) Single Sign-On
2 65 (20.44%) Active Directory Federation Services
3 41 (12.89%) Kubernetes
4 31 (9.75%) Terraform
5 23 (7.23%) Ansible
6 18 (5.66%) SCCM
7 15 (4.72%) Microsoft Intune
8 14 (4.40%) CA Single Sign-On
9 11 (3.46%) Puppet
10 9 (2.83%) Opscode Chef
11 8 (2.52%) Network Intrusion Detection System
12 7 (2.20%) PingFederate
13 6 (1.89%) FortiGate
14 5 (1.57%) HP Fortify
15 4 (1.26%) Backup Exec
15 4 (1.26%) FreeIPA
15 4 (1.26%) Grafana
16 3 (0.94%) Prometheus
16 3 (0.94%) Tivoli
16 3 (0.94%) Tivoli Identity Manager
Vendors
1 107 (33.65%) Microsoft
2 38 (11.95%) Google
3 31 (9.75%) Oracle
4 19 (5.97%) ForgeRock
4 19 (5.97%) VMware
5 18 (5.66%) CA
5 18 (5.66%) Salesforce.com
6 15 (4.72%) Okta
7 14 (4.40%) MuleSoft
8 12 (3.77%) Ping Identity
9 11 (3.46%) Cisco
10 10 (3.14%) Atlassian
10 10 (3.14%) ServiceNow
11 9 (2.83%) Citrix
11 9 (2.83%) Databricks
11 9 (2.83%) IBM
11 9 (2.83%) Ivanti
12 8 (2.52%) CyberArk
12 8 (2.52%) Mirantis
13 7 (2.20%) Nimble Storage