Period
to 24 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 24 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK
6 months to
24 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 391 336 440
Rank change year-on-year -55 +104 -27
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 620 748 557
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.60% 0.71% 0.49%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.23% 4.30% 3.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 432 526 409
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £262
90th Percentile £575 £525 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £368 £361 £325
% change year-on-year +1.73% +11.15% -7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 3 0
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £42.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.76% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £42.50 -
% change year-on-year +11.76% - -

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19222 17378 16388
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.65% 16.55% 14.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 13387 11678 10908
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £600 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 281 254 339
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £29.00 £24.30 £24.23
90th Percentile £61.00 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the UK over the 6 months to 24 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -55 597 £425 +6.25% 131
UK excluding London -15 319 £368 +1.73% 70
London -53 293 £463 +8.82% 61
North of England +53 112 £373 +6.43% 19
South East -36 70 £398 +8.90% 23
Midlands +26 56 £394 +3.62% 16
Yorkshire +23 54 £375 +4.17% 9
East Midlands +1 38 £380 -10.59% 8
East of England -8 36 £350 +7.69% 5
North East +64 33 £350 +12.90% 1
South West -3 31 £350 +2.94% 7
North West +26 24 £356 -9.81% 9
West Midlands +14 18 £495 +41.43% 6
Scotland -10 9 £350 -8.20%
Wales +13 5 £358 -22.70%
Northern Ireland -43 1 £288 -11.54%

For the 6 months to 24 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 576 (92.90%) Selenium
2 525 (84.68%) Test Automation
3 485 (78.23%) Agile Software Development
4 387 (62.42%) Java
5 302 (48.71%) Cucumber
6 298 (48.06%) BDD
7 204 (32.90%) JavaScript
8 195 (31.45%) Jenkins
9 191 (30.81%) Scrum
10 190 (30.65%) TDD
11 181 (29.19%) QA
12 163 (26.29%) JIRA
13 157 (25.32%) C#
14 124 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
15 120 (19.35%) Git (software)
16 114 (18.39%) Web Services
17 105 (16.94%) HTML
18 102 (16.45%) Test Scripting
19 101 (16.29%) Gherkin
20 99 (15.97%) SQL
21 98 (15.81%) RESTful
22 96 (15.48%) Finance
23 88 (14.19%) CSS
24 84 (13.55%) E-Commerce
25 81 (13.06%) Test Strategy
26 80 (12.90%) .NET
27 78 (12.58%) Python
28 75 (12.10%) API Testing
29 72 (11.61%) Retail
29 72 (11.61%) JUnit

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 72 (11.61%) Confluence
2 18 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (2.58%) WebSphere
4 14 (2.26%) CMS
4 14 (2.26%) Tomcat
5 8 (1.29%) Apache Spark
6 5 (0.81%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 4 (0.65%) Sitecore CMS
8 3 (0.48%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.32%) Apache Pig
9 2 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.32%) ColdFusion
9 2 (0.32%) SAS
10 1 (0.16%) Apache
10 1 (0.16%) EPiServer
10 1 (0.16%) JBoss
Applications
1 2 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (0.32%) Mingle
2 1 (0.16%) HipChat
2 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 12 (1.94%) Magento
2 2 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.16%) CSG Singleview
3 1 (0.16%) OpenText Process Suite
Cloud Services
1 37 (5.97%) Amazon AWS
2 25 (4.03%) GitHub
3 22 (3.55%) Sauce Labs
4 16 (2.58%) BrowserStack
5 15 (2.42%) Microsoft Azure
6 12 (1.94%) Heroku
7 10 (1.61%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
7 10 (1.61%) Salesforce Service Cloud
8 9 (1.45%) npm
9 7 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
10 4 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (0.65%) IaaS
10 4 (0.65%) PaaS
11 3 (0.48%) AWS Lambda
11 3 (0.48%) Serverless
11 3 (0.48%) vREST
12 1 (0.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 1 (0.16%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 1 (0.16%) Basecamp
12 1 (0.16%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 35 (5.65%) Internet
2 8 (1.29%) HTTP
3 3 (0.48%) PuTTY
3 3 (0.48%) WinSCP
4 2 (0.32%) Ethernet
4 2 (0.32%) SMS
4 2 (0.32%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.16%) DSL
5 1 (0.16%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (3.71%) Relational Database
2 22 (3.55%) DB2
3 21 (3.39%) MongoDB
4 20 (3.23%) Big Data
4 20 (3.23%) SQL Server
5 19 (3.06%) Redis
6 15 (2.42%) RDBMS
7 13 (2.10%) DbVisualizer
8 12 (1.94%) MySQL
9 11 (1.77%) Hadoop
10 10 (1.61%) Apache Hive
11 9 (1.45%) Oracle Database
12 8 (1.29%) NoSQL
13 6 (0.97%) PostgreSQL
14 2 (0.32%) HBase
14 2 (0.32%) Impala
15 1 (0.16%) BusinessObjects Business Intelligence
15 1 (0.16%) Firebird
15 1 (0.16%) Power BI
15 1 (0.16%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 576 (92.90%) Selenium
2 302 (48.71%) Cucumber
3 195 (31.45%) Jenkins
4 163 (26.29%) JIRA
5 120 (19.35%) Git (software)
6 72 (11.61%) JUnit
7 70 (11.29%) SpecFlow
8 68 (10.97%) SoapUI
9 54 (8.71%) Maven
10 53 (8.55%) Protractor
11 51 (8.23%) Appium
11 51 (8.23%) JMeter
12 41 (6.61%) Jasmine
13 40 (6.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 38 (6.13%) Subversion
15 35 (5.65%) NUnit
16 31 (5.00%) TestNG
17 29 (4.68%) Bitbucket
17 29 (4.68%) JBehave
18 28 (4.52%) Hudson
General
1 96 (15.48%) Finance
2 72 (11.61%) Retail
3 47 (7.58%) Banking
4 33 (5.32%) Games
5 25 (4.03%) Investment Banking
6 19 (3.06%) Telecoms
7 17 (2.74%) Marketing
8 16 (2.58%) Front Office
9 14 (2.26%) Manufacturing
10 12 (1.94%) Corporate Banking
11 10 (1.61%) Electronics
12 9 (1.45%) Advertising
13 7 (1.13%) Law
14 6 (0.97%) Publishing
15 5 (0.81%) Automotive
16 3 (0.48%) Retail Banking
17 1 (0.16%) Aerospace
17 1 (0.16%) Billing
17 1 (0.16%) Financial Institution
17 1 (0.16%) Legal
Job Titles
1 223 (35.97%) Tester
2 181 (29.19%) Automation Tester
3 139 (22.42%) Developer
4 91 (14.68%) Analyst
5 82 (13.23%) Test Analyst
6 78 (12.58%) Test Engineer
7 61 (9.84%) Selenium Tester
8 57 (9.19%) Selenium Automation Tester
9 56 (9.03%) Test Automation Engineer
10 50 (8.06%) Automation Test Analyst
10 50 (8.06%) Developer in Test
10 50 (8.06%) Java Automation Tester
11 46 (7.42%) QA Tester
12 42 (6.77%) QA Engineer
13 35 (5.65%) Java Developer
14 33 (5.32%) JavaScript Developer
15 28 (4.52%) Java Engineer
16 27 (4.35%) Senior Analyst
17 26 (4.19%) Selenium Test Analyst
18 25 (4.03%) QA Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 114 (18.39%) Web Services
2 105 (16.94%) HTML
3 101 (16.29%) Gherkin
4 98 (15.81%) RESTful
5 88 (14.19%) CSS
6 80 (12.90%) .NET
7 66 (10.65%) REST
8 64 (10.32%) Node.js
9 63 (10.16%) SOAP
10 57 (9.19%) HTML5
11 56 (9.03%) AngularJS
12 54 (8.71%) XML
13 49 (7.90%) React
14 46 (7.42%) JSON
15 32 (5.16%) CSS3
16 29 (4.68%) Sass
17 20 (3.23%) Spring
17 20 (3.23%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 19 (3.06%) jQuery
18 19 (3.06%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 50 (8.06%) Analytical Skills
2 40 (6.45%) Mobile App
3 38 (6.13%) Greenfield Project
4 25 (4.03%) User Experience
5 22 (3.55%) Computer Science
6 10 (1.61%) Fintech
7 9 (1.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 7 (1.13%) Linux Command Line
8 7 (1.13%) Virtual Team
9 6 (0.97%) PlayStation
9 6 (0.97%) RIA
10 5 (0.81%) Credit Risk
11 4 (0.65%) Enterprise Software
11 4 (0.65%) Mainframe
12 3 (0.48%) Public Cloud
12 3 (0.48%) Smartphone
13 2 (0.32%) Life Science
13 2 (0.32%) Management Information System
13 2 (0.32%) W3C
14 1 (0.16%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 50 (8.06%) Unix
2 37 (5.97%) Android
2 37 (5.97%) Apple iOS
3 34 (5.48%) Windows
4 25 (4.03%) Linux
5 18 (2.90%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.16%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 525 (84.68%) Test Automation
2 485 (78.23%) Agile Software Development
3 298 (48.06%) BDD
4 191 (30.81%) Scrum
5 190 (30.65%) TDD
6 124 (20.00%) Continuous Integration
7 102 (16.45%) Test Scripting
8 84 (13.55%) E-Commerce
9 81 (13.06%) Test Strategy
10 75 (12.10%) API Testing
11 69 (11.13%) Open Source
12 66 (10.65%) Continuous Delivery
13 60 (9.68%) SDET
14 59 (9.52%) Regression Testing
15 58 (9.35%) OO
16 53 (8.55%) SDLC
17 51 (8.23%) DevOps
17 51 (8.23%) Functional Testing
17 51 (8.23%) Software Testing
18 50 (8.06%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 387 (62.42%) Java
2 204 (32.90%) JavaScript
3 157 (25.32%) C#
4 99 (15.97%) SQL
5 78 (12.58%) Python
6 70 (11.29%) Ruby
7 50 (8.06%) Scala
8 18 (2.90%) Apple Swift
8 18 (2.90%) PHP
9 17 (2.74%) Groovy
10 15 (2.42%) TypeScript
11 11 (1.77%) Bash Shell
12 10 (1.61%) Apex Code
12 10 (1.61%) SOQL
13 8 (1.29%) Perl
14 5 (0.81%) ES6
14 5 (0.81%) PL/SQL
15 4 (0.65%) Shell Script
15 4 (0.65%) T-SQL
16 3 (0.48%) C++
Qualifications
1 39 (6.29%) ISTQB
2 36 (5.81%) ISEB
3 30 (4.84%) Security Cleared
4 25 (4.03%) Degree
5 18 (2.90%) SC Cleared
6 17 (2.74%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 11 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (1.77%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.32%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.32%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 181 (29.19%) QA
2 16 (2.58%) WCAG
System Software
1 43 (6.94%) Docker
2 8 (1.29%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 29 (4.68%) HP Quality Center
2 17 (2.74%) Puppet
3 7 (1.13%) Ansible
4 6 (0.97%) Opscode Chef
5 3 (0.48%) Kibana
6 2 (0.32%) Business Desktop Deployment
6 2 (0.32%) HP Fortify
7 1 (0.16%) Grafana
7 1 (0.16%) logstash
7 1 (0.16%) Marathon
7 1 (0.16%) Mesos
7 1 (0.16%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.16%) Rundeck
7 1 (0.16%) Terraform
Vendors
1 43 (6.94%) Oracle
2 38 (6.13%) Atlassian
3 32 (5.16%) HP
4 18 (2.90%) hybris
5 16 (2.58%) IBM
6 13 (2.10%) Microsoft
7 12 (1.94%) SAP
8 10 (1.61%) Salesforce.com
9 7 (1.13%) Sitecore
10 6 (0.97%) Pega
11 4 (0.65%) Google
11 4 (0.65%) Perforce
11 4 (0.65%) Twitter
12 3 (0.48%) Adobe
12 3 (0.48%) OpenText
12 3 (0.48%) SaltStack
12 3 (0.48%) Siebel
12 3 (0.48%) Sonatype
13 2 (0.32%) Charles River
13 2 (0.32%) Splunk