Period
to 24 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 24 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK
6 months to
24 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 399 348 451
Rank change year-on-year -51 +103 -47
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 577 728 547
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.59% 0.68% 0.48%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.26% 4.23% 3.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 373 513 392
UK median daily rate £400 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% -
10th Percentile £298 £263 £263
90th Percentile £575 £525 £541
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £350 £338
% change year-on-year - +3.70% -3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 1
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £39.37 £13.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.65% +191.63% -92.89%
10th Percentile £15.40 £39.37 £12.75
90th Percentile £48.75 £39.37 £14.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £39.37 £13.50
% change year-on-year +20.65% +191.63% -

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 17699 17215 15735
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.18% 16.14% 13.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 12144 11714 10365
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £600 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 291 260 318
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.25 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +8.55% +1.33%
10th Percentile £30.00 £24.00 £23.23
90th Percentile £61.69 £52.63 £47.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.25 £38.77
% change year-on-year +3.03% +6.40% +3.39%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 24 September 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 24 September 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the UK over the 6 months to 24 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -39 552 £409 +2.19% 104
UK excluding London +1 306 £350 - 62
London -56 267 £474 +11.47% 44
North of England +90 123 £364 +11.92% 21
South East -10 71 £369 +5.36% 18
Yorkshire +44 62 £365 +5.04% 6
Midlands -6 47 £375 -10.71% 6
East Midlands -2 33 £363 -14.71% 4
North West +33 32 £363 -8.23% 13
North East +78 29 £320 +6.67% 2
South West +4 25 £350 +2.94% 6
East of England -18 19 £330 +1.54% 9
West Midlands +1 14 £400 +3.23% 2
Scotland +15 12 £350 -6.67% 1
Wales -3 8 £280 -37.78% 1
Northern Ireland -51 1 £288 -11.54%

For the 6 months to 24 September 2017, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 536 (92.89%) Selenium
2 492 (85.27%) Test Automation
3 430 (74.52%) Agile Software Development
4 339 (58.75%) Java
5 274 (47.49%) BDD
6 267 (46.27%) Cucumber
7 193 (33.45%) JavaScript
8 181 (31.37%) TDD
9 172 (29.81%) Jenkins
10 171 (29.64%) Scrum
11 146 (25.30%) JIRA
12 143 (24.78%) QA
13 127 (22.01%) C#
14 119 (20.62%) HTML
14 119 (20.62%) Git (software)
15 114 (19.76%) Continuous Integration
15 114 (19.76%) Web Services
16 98 (16.98%) CSS
17 94 (16.29%) Test Scripting
18 92 (15.94%) Gherkin
19 90 (15.60%) SQL
20 85 (14.73%) RESTful
21 78 (13.52%) Python
21 78 (13.52%) Finance
22 76 (13.17%) AngularJS
23 75 (13.00%) Test Strategy
23 75 (13.00%) E-Commerce
24 69 (11.96%) HTML5
25 67 (11.61%) Node.js
25 67 (11.61%) XML

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (10.57%) Confluence
2 23 (3.99%) Elasticsearch
3 17 (2.95%) WebSphere
4 13 (2.25%) Tomcat
5 12 (2.08%) CMS
6 7 (1.21%) Apache Spark
6 7 (1.21%) Sitecore CMS
7 5 (0.87%) ColdFusion
8 3 (0.52%) nginx
8 3 (0.52%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 2 (0.35%) JBoss
9 2 (0.35%) SAS
10 1 (0.17%) Apache
10 1 (0.17%) Apache TomEE
10 1 (0.17%) Jetty
Applications
1 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.17%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 12 (2.08%) Magento
2 1 (0.17%) CSG Singleview
2 1 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.17%) OpenText Process Suite
Cloud Services
1 29 (5.03%) Amazon AWS
2 23 (3.99%) Sauce Labs
3 18 (3.12%) GitHub
4 15 (2.60%) Microsoft Azure
5 14 (2.43%) npm
6 11 (1.91%) BrowserStack
7 10 (1.73%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
7 10 (1.73%) Salesforce Service Cloud
8 4 (0.69%) Amazon EC2
8 4 (0.69%) Cloud Computing
9 3 (0.52%) AWS Lambda
9 3 (0.52%) Heroku
9 3 (0.52%) IaaS
9 3 (0.52%) PaaS
10 1 (0.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 1 (0.17%) Amazon ElastiCache
10 1 (0.17%) Amazon ELB
10 1 (0.17%) Route 53
10 1 (0.17%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 1 (0.17%) vREST
Communications & Networking
1 37 (6.41%) Internet
2 7 (1.21%) HTTP
3 3 (0.52%) Ethernet
3 3 (0.52%) PuTTY
3 3 (0.52%) TCP/IP
3 3 (0.52%) WinSCP
4 2 (0.35%) DSL
4 2 (0.35%) Skype
5 1 (0.17%) DOCSIS
5 1 (0.17%) MGCP
5 1 (0.17%) SMS
5 1 (0.17%) VoIP
5 1 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (3.81%) Redis
2 21 (3.64%) DB2
3 20 (3.47%) Relational Database
4 17 (2.95%) MongoDB
5 16 (2.77%) RDBMS
6 14 (2.43%) SQL Server
7 13 (2.25%) MySQL
8 12 (2.08%) Big Data
8 12 (2.08%) DbVisualizer
8 12 (2.08%) Hadoop
9 10 (1.73%) PostgreSQL
10 8 (1.39%) Oracle Database
11 7 (1.21%) Apache Hive
12 3 (0.52%) Data Warehouse
12 3 (0.52%) Hazelcast
12 3 (0.52%) HBase
12 3 (0.52%) InterSystems Cache
12 3 (0.52%) NoSQL
13 1 (0.17%) Firebird
13 1 (0.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 536 (92.89%) Selenium
2 267 (46.27%) Cucumber
3 172 (29.81%) Jenkins
4 146 (25.30%) JIRA
5 119 (20.62%) Git (software)
6 58 (10.05%) Protractor
7 57 (9.88%) SoapUI
8 53 (9.19%) SpecFlow
9 49 (8.49%) JUnit
10 47 (8.15%) Jasmine
11 41 (7.11%) Appium
12 40 (6.93%) gulp
12 40 (6.93%) Subversion
13 38 (6.59%) Maven
14 31 (5.37%) Hudson
14 31 (5.37%) JMeter
15 29 (5.03%) Bitbucket
15 29 (5.03%) Visual Studio
16 27 (4.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 24 (4.16%) webpack
General
1 78 (13.52%) Finance
2 40 (6.93%) Banking
3 39 (6.76%) Retail
4 32 (5.55%) Games
5 20 (3.47%) Investment Banking
5 20 (3.47%) Marketing
6 16 (2.77%) Front Office
7 13 (2.25%) Corporate Banking
7 13 (2.25%) Telecoms
8 11 (1.91%) Manufacturing
9 8 (1.39%) Advertising
9 8 (1.39%) Automotive
10 7 (1.21%) Publishing
11 6 (1.04%) Electronics
11 6 (1.04%) Law
12 3 (0.52%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.17%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.17%) Billing
13 1 (0.17%) Legal
13 1 (0.17%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 209 (36.22%) Tester
2 175 (30.33%) Automation Tester
3 126 (21.84%) Developer
4 99 (17.16%) Analyst
5 87 (15.08%) Test Analyst
6 84 (14.56%) Selenium Tester
7 79 (13.69%) Selenium Automation Tester
8 65 (11.27%) Test Engineer
9 58 (10.05%) Automation Test Analyst
9 58 (10.05%) Java Automation Tester
10 43 (7.45%) Test Automation Engineer
11 37 (6.41%) JavaScript Developer
11 37 (6.41%) Selenium Test Analyst
12 35 (6.07%) Developer in Test
12 35 (6.07%) QA Tester
13 31 (5.37%) Java Developer
14 30 (5.20%) QA Engineer
15 28 (4.85%) Senior Analyst
15 28 (4.85%) Web Tester
16 26 (4.51%) Senior Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 119 (20.62%) HTML
2 114 (19.76%) Web Services
3 98 (16.98%) CSS
4 92 (15.94%) Gherkin
5 85 (14.73%) RESTful
6 76 (13.17%) AngularJS
7 69 (11.96%) HTML5
8 67 (11.61%) Node.js
8 67 (11.61%) XML
9 64 (11.09%) .NET
9 64 (11.09%) SOAP
10 63 (10.92%) REST
11 58 (10.05%) React
12 43 (7.45%) CSS3
12 43 (7.45%) Sass
13 37 (6.41%) JSON
14 29 (5.03%) LESS
15 26 (4.51%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 21 (3.64%) jQuery
17 20 (3.47%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 62 (10.75%) Analytical Skills
2 32 (5.55%) Greenfield Project
2 32 (5.55%) Mobile App
3 27 (4.68%) User Experience
4 18 (3.12%) Computer Science
5 7 (1.21%) Virtual Team
6 6 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
7 5 (0.87%) Credit Risk
7 5 (0.87%) Video on Demand
8 4 (0.69%) Enterprise Software
8 4 (0.69%) Fintech
9 3 (0.52%) PlayStation
9 3 (0.52%) Public Cloud
10 2 (0.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 2 (0.35%) Life Science
10 2 (0.35%) Management Information System
10 2 (0.35%) RIA
10 2 (0.35%) W3C
11 1 (0.17%) Mainframe
11 1 (0.17%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 50 (8.67%) Unix
2 30 (5.20%) Windows
3 28 (4.85%) Apple iOS
4 27 (4.68%) Android
5 23 (3.99%) Linux
6 19 (3.29%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.17%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 492 (85.27%) Test Automation
2 430 (74.52%) Agile Software Development
3 274 (47.49%) BDD
4 181 (31.37%) TDD
5 171 (29.64%) Scrum
6 114 (19.76%) Continuous Integration
7 94 (16.29%) Test Scripting
8 75 (13.00%) E-Commerce
8 75 (13.00%) Test Strategy
9 62 (10.75%) API Testing
10 61 (10.57%) OO
10 61 (10.57%) Regression Testing
11 57 (9.88%) SDLC
12 49 (8.49%) Continuous Delivery
13 47 (8.15%) User Stories
14 46 (7.97%) Functional Testing
15 45 (7.80%) Open Source
16 44 (7.63%) Kanban
17 42 (7.28%) Software Testing
18 40 (6.93%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 339 (58.75%) Java
2 193 (33.45%) JavaScript
3 127 (22.01%) C#
4 90 (15.60%) SQL
5 78 (13.52%) Python
6 60 (10.40%) Ruby
7 40 (6.93%) Scala
8 29 (5.03%) PHP
9 21 (3.64%) TypeScript
10 19 (3.29%) Apple Swift
10 19 (3.29%) Groovy
11 18 (3.12%) Bash Shell
12 10 (1.73%) Apex Code
12 10 (1.73%) SOQL
13 7 (1.21%) C++
13 7 (1.21%) ES6
14 5 (0.87%) Perl
15 4 (0.69%) PowerShell
15 4 (0.69%) T-SQL
16 2 (0.35%) ECMAScript
Qualifications
1 42 (7.28%) ISTQB
2 35 (6.07%) ISEB
3 26 (4.51%) Degree
4 19 (3.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 14 (2.43%) Security Cleared
6 8 (1.39%) Computer Science Degree
7 7 (1.21%) SC Cleared
8 6 (1.04%) DV Cleared
8 6 (1.04%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.35%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 143 (24.78%) QA
2 14 (2.43%) WCAG
3 1 (0.17%) ISO 13485
3 1 (0.17%) PMO
System Software
1 45 (7.80%) Docker
2 7 (1.21%) Apache Flume
3 4 (0.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 26 (4.51%) HP Quality Center
2 11 (1.91%) Puppet
3 10 (1.73%) Opscode Chef
4 8 (1.39%) Ansible
5 4 (0.69%) HP Fortify
5 4 (0.69%) Kibana
6 3 (0.52%) Nagios
7 1 (0.17%) Business Desktop Deployment
7 1 (0.17%) CA Service Virtualization
7 1 (0.17%) Grafana
7 1 (0.17%) logstash
7 1 (0.17%) Marathon
7 1 (0.17%) Mesos
7 1 (0.17%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.17%) Rundeck
7 1 (0.17%) Terraform
Vendors
1 45 (7.80%) Oracle
2 30 (5.20%) HP
3 23 (3.99%) Atlassian
4 18 (3.12%) hybris
5 17 (2.95%) Microsoft
6 13 (2.25%) IBM
7 12 (2.08%) Salesforce.com
8 11 (1.91%) Sitecore
9 8 (1.39%) SAP
10 5 (0.87%) Pega
11 4 (0.69%) Perforce
11 4 (0.69%) SOASTA, Inc
11 4 (0.69%) Splunk
11 4 (0.69%) VMware
12 3 (0.52%) Google
12 3 (0.52%) OpenText
12 3 (0.52%) SaltStack
12 3 (0.52%) Siebel
12 3 (0.52%) Sonatype
12 3 (0.52%) Twitter