Period
to 24 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 24 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK
6 months to
24 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 347 399 305
Rank change year-on-year +52 -94 +156
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 726 596 793
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.73% 0.59% 0.82%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.40% 3.20% 4.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 529 436 559
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.56%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £283
90th Percentile £539 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +13.33% +7.14% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 5
UK median hourly rate - £50.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +17.65% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £50.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - +17.65% -

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 21,350 18,610 16,123
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.44% 18.51% 16.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,566 13,046 10,761
UK median daily rate £475 £458 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +7.65% +4.29%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £613 £585
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +5.42% +3.75% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 263 238 248
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £44.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.14% +7.32% +2.50%
10th Percentile £33.00 £28.10 £21.80
90th Percentile £54.75 £63.75 £52.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £44.00 £40.25
% change year-on-year -1.14% +9.32% +0.63%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 24 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the UK over the 6 months to 24 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +44 692 £450 +5.88% 185
UK excluding London +33 377 £425 +13.33% 109
London +66 344 £475 +5.56% 85
South East +30 112 £450 +8.43% 29
North of England -6 97 £416 +11.00% 36
Midlands +14 78 £450 +12.50% 14
West Midlands +36 70 £463 +8.82% 6
South West -9 55 £450 +28.57% 15
North West +19 44 £431 +23.21% 13
Yorkshire -15 42 £350 -9.68% 15
Wales +10 16 £425 +21.43% 5
North East -26 11 £413 -2.94% 8
Scotland -5 10 £400 +2.56% 3
East Midlands -12 8 £390 +0.65% 8
East of England -18 8 £350 -22.22% 6
Northern Ireland - 2 £505 - 1

For the 6 months to 24 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 679 (93.53%) Selenium
2 661 (91.05%) Test Automation
3 487 (67.08%) Agile Software Development
4 424 (58.40%) Java
5 388 (53.44%) Cucumber
6 337 (46.42%) BDD
7 264 (36.36%) Jenkins
8 253 (34.85%) Scrum
9 250 (34.44%) QA
10 230 (31.68%) JavaScript
11 195 (26.86%) C#
12 185 (25.48%) TDD
13 175 (24.10%) SDET
14 174 (23.97%) Continuous Integration
15 167 (23.00%) JIRA
16 158 (21.76%) Finance
17 149 (20.52%) Git (software)
18 119 (16.39%) API Testing
19 117 (16.12%) Manual Testing
20 116 (15.98%) REST
20 116 (15.98%) Gherkin
21 115 (15.84%) SQL
22 114 (15.70%) JMeter
23 110 (15.15%) Confluence
24 109 (15.01%) .NET
25 108 (14.88%) Maven
26 107 (14.74%) SoapUI
27 97 (13.36%) SpecFlow
28 96 (13.22%) CSS
29 94 (12.95%) OO

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 110 (15.15%) Confluence
2 19 (2.62%) Documentum
3 14 (1.93%) Elasticsearch
4 13 (1.79%) CMS
5 8 (1.10%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 8 (1.10%) NServiceBus
6 3 (0.41%) Jetty
6 3 (0.41%) SAS
6 3 (0.41%) SharePoint
6 3 (0.41%) Tomcat
7 2 (0.28%) Apache Spark
7 2 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
7 2 (0.28%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
7 2 (0.28%) Drupal
7 2 (0.28%) nginx
7 2 (0.28%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.14%) CICS
8 1 (0.14%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.14%) WordPress
Applications
1 4 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.14%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 2 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.28%) Orchard Housing
Cloud Services
1 67 (9.23%) GitHub
2 65 (8.95%) BrowserStack
3 51 (7.02%) Sauce Labs
4 34 (4.68%) Microsoft Azure
5 28 (3.86%) Amazon AWS
6 20 (2.75%) Google Analytics
7 12 (1.65%) Slack
8 4 (0.55%) Cloud Computing
9 3 (0.41%) Boomi
10 2 (0.28%) Adobe Analytics
10 2 (0.28%) BlazeMeter
10 2 (0.28%) Datadog
10 2 (0.28%) SaaS
10 2 (0.28%) Trello
11 1 (0.14%) DigitalOcean
11 1 (0.14%) Google Cloud Platform
11 1 (0.14%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 27 (3.72%) HTTP
2 18 (2.48%) Internet
3 12 (1.65%) Skype
4 10 (1.38%) VPN
5 4 (0.55%) BIG-IP
5 4 (0.55%) DNS
5 4 (0.55%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.14%) PuTTY
6 1 (0.14%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (3.99%) MongoDB
2 25 (3.44%) PostgreSQL
3 16 (2.20%) SQL Server
4 14 (1.93%) Relational Database
5 8 (1.10%) MySQL
5 8 (1.10%) Redis
6 7 (0.96%) DB2
6 7 (0.96%) Oracle Database
7 6 (0.83%) Hadoop
8 3 (0.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 3 (0.41%) Big Data
8 3 (0.41%) Oracle Database 11g
8 3 (0.41%) Oracle Database 12c
9 2 (0.28%) Apache Hive
9 2 (0.28%) BusinessObjects
9 2 (0.28%) Data Warehouse
9 2 (0.28%) Power BI
10 1 (0.14%) KDB
10 1 (0.14%) NoSQL
10 1 (0.14%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 679 (93.53%) Selenium
2 388 (53.44%) Cucumber
3 264 (36.36%) Jenkins
4 167 (23.00%) JIRA
5 149 (20.52%) Git (software)
6 114 (15.70%) JMeter
7 108 (14.88%) Maven
8 107 (14.74%) SoapUI
9 97 (13.36%) SpecFlow
10 55 (7.58%) Visual Studio Team System
11 49 (6.75%) JUnit
11 49 (6.75%) Protractor
11 49 (6.75%) Visual Studio
12 47 (6.47%) Appium
13 46 (6.34%) Ant
13 46 (6.34%) Jasmine
14 37 (5.10%) Gatling
15 36 (4.96%) gulp
16 35 (4.82%) Mocha
17 32 (4.41%) NUnit
General
1 158 (21.76%) Finance
2 51 (7.02%) Banking
3 27 (3.72%) Retail
4 19 (2.62%) Marketing
5 18 (2.48%) Telecoms
6 16 (2.20%) Electronics
6 16 (2.20%) Manufacturing
7 14 (1.93%) Advertising
8 10 (1.38%) Games
9 5 (0.69%) Investment Banking
10 4 (0.55%) Back Office
11 2 (0.28%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.28%) Law
12 1 (0.14%) Corporate Banking
12 1 (0.14%) Digital Economy
12 1 (0.14%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 282 (38.84%) Tester
2 232 (31.96%) Automation Tester
3 121 (16.67%) Developer
4 118 (16.25%) Test Engineer
5 116 (15.98%) Analyst
6 99 (13.64%) Test Analyst
7 92 (12.67%) Test Automation Engineer
8 81 (11.16%) Selenium Tester
9 77 (10.61%) Selenium Automation Tester
10 73 (10.06%) Java Automation Tester
11 63 (8.68%) Developer in Test
12 59 (8.13%) Automation Test Analyst
13 45 (6.20%) QA Tester
14 39 (5.37%) QA Engineer
14 39 (5.37%) Test Automation Developer
15 28 (3.86%) QA Automation Tester
16 26 (3.58%) Senior Test Engineer
17 24 (3.31%) Senior Developer
17 24 (3.31%) Senior Test Automation Engineer
17 24 (3.31%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 116 (15.98%) Gherkin
1 116 (15.98%) REST
2 109 (15.01%) .NET
3 96 (13.22%) CSS
4 88 (12.12%) RESTful
5 86 (11.85%) HTML
6 77 (10.61%) Node.js
7 69 (9.50%) Web Services
8 66 (9.09%) AngularJS
9 60 (8.26%) SOAP
10 42 (5.79%) WebdriverIO
11 41 (5.65%) JSON
12 38 (5.23%) React
13 36 (4.96%) Sass
14 33 (4.55%) HTML5
15 32 (4.41%) LESS
16 30 (4.13%) XML
17 28 (3.86%) Taurus
18 26 (3.58%) Play Framework
19 23 (3.17%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 55 (7.58%) Analytical Skills
2 32 (4.41%) Mobile App
3 31 (4.27%) Greenfield Project
4 28 (3.86%) Self-Motivation
5 22 (3.03%) Fintech
6 18 (2.48%) User Experience
6 18 (2.48%) Virtual Team
7 16 (2.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 10 (1.38%) Algorithms
9 5 (0.69%) Data Structures
9 5 (0.69%) Management Information System
10 4 (0.55%) IVR
11 3 (0.41%) Credit Risk
11 3 (0.41%) Linux Command Line
12 2 (0.28%) NHS
12 2 (0.28%) Video on Demand
13 1 (0.14%) BBC
13 1 (0.14%) Mainframe
13 1 (0.14%) Video\Live Streaming
13 1 (0.14%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 34 (4.68%) Linux
2 33 (4.55%) Windows
3 27 (3.72%) Apple iOS
4 24 (3.31%) Unix
5 20 (2.75%) Android
6 12 (1.65%) Mac OS
7 9 (1.24%) Mac OS X
7 9 (1.24%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.14%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 661 (91.05%) Test Automation
2 487 (67.08%) Agile Software Development
3 337 (46.42%) BDD
4 253 (34.85%) Scrum
5 185 (25.48%) TDD
6 175 (24.10%) SDET
7 174 (23.97%) Continuous Integration
8 119 (16.39%) API Testing
9 117 (16.12%) Manual Testing
10 94 (12.95%) OO
11 92 (12.67%) Performance Testing
12 88 (12.12%) DevOps
13 75 (10.33%) Test Strategy
14 71 (9.78%) Microservices
15 68 (9.37%) OOP
16 67 (9.23%) E-Commerce
17 61 (8.40%) Problem-Solving
17 61 (8.40%) Test Scripting
18 59 (8.13%) Functional Testing
19 58 (7.99%) Non-Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 424 (58.40%) Java
2 230 (31.68%) JavaScript
3 195 (26.86%) C#
4 115 (15.84%) SQL
5 51 (7.02%) Ruby
6 46 (6.34%) Python
7 38 (5.23%) Scala
8 36 (4.96%) Groovy
9 27 (3.72%) Java 8
10 19 (2.62%) T-SQL
11 15 (2.07%) Bash Shell
12 14 (1.93%) ES6
13 9 (1.24%) C++
13 9 (1.24%) PowerShell
13 9 (1.24%) TypeScript
14 6 (0.83%) Apple Swift
15 5 (0.69%) Kotlin
15 5 (0.69%) PHP
16 4 (0.55%) CoffeeScript
16 4 (0.55%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 36 (4.96%) ISTQB
2 34 (4.68%) Security Cleared
3 28 (3.86%) SC Cleared
4 26 (3.58%) Degree
5 24 (3.31%) ISEB
6 20 (2.75%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (0.83%) DBS Check
7 6 (0.83%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.41%) Computer Science Degree
9 2 (0.28%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.28%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 2 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.14%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 250 (34.44%) QA
2 12 (1.65%) WCAG
3 5 (0.69%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.41%) GDPR
5 2 (0.28%) SLA
6 1 (0.14%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.14%) HL7
6 1 (0.14%) PMO
System Software
1 78 (10.74%) Docker
2 5 (0.69%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.28%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 32 (4.41%) Kibana
2 25 (3.44%) Puppet
3 23 (3.17%) Grafana
4 18 (2.48%) Graphite
4 18 (2.48%) HP Quality Center
5 10 (1.38%) logstash
6 8 (1.10%) Ansible
7 3 (0.41%) HP ALM
8 2 (0.28%) HAProxy
8 2 (0.28%) WMI
9 1 (0.14%) CA Wily
9 1 (0.14%) HockeyApp
9 1 (0.14%) Kubernetes
9 1 (0.14%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.14%) Rancher
9 1 (0.14%) Terraform
Vendors
1 57 (7.85%) Microsoft
2 29 (3.99%) Atlassian
3 24 (3.31%) Pega
4 22 (3.03%) Google
5 18 (2.48%) SAP
5 18 (2.48%) Splunk
6 17 (2.34%) Oracle
7 14 (1.93%) Cypress Semiconductor
7 14 (1.93%) HP
8 9 (1.24%) Adobe
9 6 (0.83%) hybris
9 6 (0.83%) IBM
10 5 (0.69%) Perfecto Mobile
11 4 (0.55%) F5
11 4 (0.55%) Xamarin
12 3 (0.41%) Dell
12 3 (0.41%) Veracode
13 2 (0.28%) Bloomberg
13 2 (0.28%) New Relic
13 2 (0.28%) Twitter