Period
to 21 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 21 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK
6 months to
21 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 383 361 418
Rank change year-on-year -22 +57 +18
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 663 654 624
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.64% 0.68% 0.57%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.18% 3.87% 3.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 489 441 444
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £380
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £305 £288 £263
90th Percentile £553 £538 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £395 £350 £350
% change year-on-year +12.86% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 7 3
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £47.50 £43.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +9.20% +222.22%
10th Percentile £31.90 £35.35 £40.18
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £46.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £47.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year +5.26% +9.20% +222.22%

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 20,859 16,887 16,745
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.02% 17.60% 15.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,339 11,522 11,386
UK median daily rate £470 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.43% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £306 £295
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +6.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 239 330 295
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.50
10th Percentile £26.45 £28.75 £26.35
90th Percentile £60.19 £57.63 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.50

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the UK over the 6 months to 21 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -23 612 £425 +6.25% 149
London +6 356 £450 -5.26% 71
UK excluding London -64 294 £395 +12.86% 84
North of England -56 85 £360 +2.86% 22
Midlands +16 69 £400 - 17
South East -43 60 £400 +14.29% 19
West Midlands +20 58 £400 -8.99% 13
Yorkshire -5 57 £360 -0.35% 7
South West -15 26 £400 +14.29% 11
Scotland -49 21 £375 +5.26% 3
East of England -1 16 £325 -4.41% 9
North West -36 15 £400 +6.67% 13
Wales -7 13 £413 +22.22% 2
North East -32 13 £350 +9.38% 2
East Midlands -17 11 £338 -12.90% 4
Northern Ireland +21 4 £363 +26.09% 1

For the 6 months to 21 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 603 (90.95%) Selenium
2 573 (86.43%) Test Automation
3 489 (73.76%) Agile Software Development
4 322 (48.57%) Cucumber
5 318 (47.96%) Java
6 313 (47.21%) BDD
7 207 (31.22%) TDD
8 202 (30.47%) JavaScript
9 198 (29.86%) C#
10 195 (29.41%) QA
11 189 (28.51%) Scrum
12 164 (24.74%) SQL
13 163 (24.59%) Jenkins
14 162 (24.43%) JIRA
15 158 (23.83%) Continuous Integration
16 129 (19.46%) API Testing
17 121 (18.25%) SpecFlow
18 119 (17.95%) SDET
19 114 (17.19%) Git (software)
20 109 (16.44%) SoapUI
21 104 (15.69%) Finance
22 103 (15.54%) Gherkin
22 103 (15.54%) Test Scripting
23 92 (13.88%) RESTful
24 91 (13.73%) .NET
25 87 (13.12%) Regression Testing
26 84 (12.67%) HTML
26 84 (12.67%) Functional Testing
26 84 (12.67%) DevOps
27 78 (11.76%) Confluence

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (11.76%) Confluence
2 19 (2.87%) CMS
3 18 (2.71%) Tomcat
4 12 (1.81%) Documentum
5 11 (1.66%) Jetty
6 10 (1.51%) Elasticsearch
7 7 (1.06%) Drupal
7 7 (1.06%) WebSphere
8 4 (0.60%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 4 (0.60%) Apache
8 4 (0.60%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
8 4 (0.60%) NServiceBus
8 4 (0.60%) Sitecore CMS
9 3 (0.45%) Apache Spark
9 3 (0.45%) Umbraco
9 3 (0.45%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.30%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.30%) ColdFusion
10 2 (0.30%) JBoss
10 2 (0.30%) SharePoint
Applications
1 10 (1.51%) Fireworks
1 10 (1.51%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.30%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (1.51%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.45%) Magento
3 1 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 52 (7.84%) Amazon AWS
2 40 (6.03%) Sauce Labs
3 36 (5.43%) BrowserStack
4 23 (3.47%) Microsoft Azure
5 21 (3.17%) GitHub
6 13 (1.96%) Google Cloud Platform
7 8 (1.21%) DigitalOcean
8 7 (1.06%) Slack
9 4 (0.60%) BlazeMeter
10 3 (0.45%) vREST
11 2 (0.30%) Adobe Analytics
11 2 (0.30%) Amazon EC2
11 2 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
11 2 (0.30%) IaaS
11 2 (0.30%) npm
11 2 (0.30%) Serverless
12 1 (0.15%) Heroku
12 1 (0.15%) NuGet
12 1 (0.15%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 27 (4.07%) Internet
2 21 (3.17%) HTTP
3 7 (1.06%) SMS
4 5 (0.75%) HTTPS
5 2 (0.30%) Broadband
5 2 (0.30%) LAN
5 2 (0.30%) WAN
6 1 (0.15%) 4G
6 1 (0.15%) 5G
6 1 (0.15%) VPN
6 1 (0.15%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (6.79%) PostgreSQL
2 34 (5.13%) SQL Server
3 9 (1.36%) MongoDB
3 9 (1.36%) MySQL
4 8 (1.21%) Hadoop
5 7 (1.06%) DB2
6 6 (0.90%) Redis
7 5 (0.75%) Big Data
7 5 (0.75%) Data Warehouse
7 5 (0.75%) Relational Database
8 4 (0.60%) NoSQL
8 4 (0.60%) Oracle Database
8 4 (0.60%) Oracle Database 11g
9 3 (0.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 3 (0.45%) Apache Hive
9 3 (0.45%) DbVisualizer
9 3 (0.45%) Oracle Database 10g
10 2 (0.30%) BigQuery
10 2 (0.30%) Oracle8/8i Database
11 1 (0.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 603 (90.95%) Selenium
2 322 (48.57%) Cucumber
3 163 (24.59%) Jenkins
4 162 (24.43%) JIRA
5 121 (18.25%) SpecFlow
6 114 (17.19%) Git (software)
7 109 (16.44%) SoapUI
8 75 (11.31%) JMeter
9 72 (10.86%) Maven
10 61 (9.20%) JUnit
11 56 (8.45%) Appium
12 55 (8.30%) Protractor
13 42 (6.33%) Team Foundation Server
14 36 (5.43%) Jasmine
14 36 (5.43%) TeamCity
14 36 (5.43%) Visual Studio
15 33 (4.98%) JBehave
16 30 (4.52%) Gradle
17 29 (4.37%) Gatling
18 24 (3.62%) NUnit
General
1 104 (15.69%) Finance
2 46 (6.94%) Banking
3 31 (4.68%) Retail
4 9 (1.36%) Advertising
4 9 (1.36%) Marketing
5 8 (1.21%) Investment Banking
6 7 (1.06%) Games
7 3 (0.45%) Back Office
7 3 (0.45%) Law
7 3 (0.45%) Telecoms
8 2 (0.30%) Military
9 1 (0.15%) Digital Economy
9 1 (0.15%) Front Office
9 1 (0.15%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 231 (34.84%) Tester
2 184 (27.75%) Automation Tester
3 135 (20.36%) Developer
4 117 (17.65%) Analyst
5 112 (16.89%) Test Analyst
6 90 (13.57%) Test Engineer
7 76 (11.46%) Automation Test Analyst
8 59 (8.90%) Developer in Test
8 59 (8.90%) Test Automation Engineer
9 51 (7.69%) Selenium Tester
10 47 (7.09%) Selenium Automation Tester
11 45 (6.79%) QA Engineer
12 43 (6.49%) QA Tester
13 33 (4.98%) Java Developer
13 33 (4.98%) QA Automation Tester
14 31 (4.68%) Agile Tester
15 27 (4.07%) JavaScript Developer
16 26 (3.92%) Software Developer
17 24 (3.62%) C# Developer
17 24 (3.62%) Software Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 103 (15.54%) Gherkin
2 92 (13.88%) RESTful
3 91 (13.73%) .NET
4 84 (12.67%) HTML
5 74 (11.16%) REST
6 70 (10.56%) CSS
6 70 (10.56%) Web Services
7 49 (7.39%) Node.js
7 49 (7.39%) SOAP
8 43 (6.49%) XML
9 42 (6.33%) JSON
9 42 (6.33%) React
10 38 (5.73%) AngularJS
11 37 (5.58%) HTML5
12 35 (5.28%) LESS
13 30 (4.52%) Sass
14 25 (3.77%) .NET Framework
15 24 (3.62%) CSS3
15 24 (3.62%) Spring
16 23 (3.47%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 46 (6.94%) Analytical Skills
2 32 (4.83%) User Experience
3 31 (4.68%) Mobile App
4 24 (3.62%) Self-Motivation
5 22 (3.32%) Fintech
6 21 (3.17%) Greenfield Project
7 16 (2.41%) Linux Command Line
8 7 (1.06%) Hedge funds
9 6 (0.90%) Computer Science
10 5 (0.75%) Algorithms
10 5 (0.75%) Data Structures
10 5 (0.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 5 (0.75%) Mainframe
11 4 (0.60%) PlayStation
12 3 (0.45%) Fixed Income
12 3 (0.45%) NHS
12 3 (0.45%) Robotics
12 3 (0.45%) Video on Demand
12 3 (0.45%) Video\Live Streaming
13 2 (0.30%) IVR
Operating Systems
1 62 (9.35%) Linux
2 47 (7.09%) Unix
3 40 (6.03%) Windows
4 29 (4.37%) Android
5 27 (4.07%) Apple iOS
6 13 (1.96%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.75%) Mac OS X
8 4 (0.60%) Debian
9 2 (0.30%) Kali Linux
9 2 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.30%) Windows 2000
9 2 (0.30%) Windows Vista
10 1 (0.15%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 573 (86.43%) Test Automation
2 489 (73.76%) Agile Software Development
3 313 (47.21%) BDD
4 207 (31.22%) TDD
5 189 (28.51%) Scrum
6 158 (23.83%) Continuous Integration
7 129 (19.46%) API Testing
8 119 (17.95%) SDET
9 103 (15.54%) Test Scripting
10 87 (13.12%) Regression Testing
11 84 (12.67%) DevOps
11 84 (12.67%) Functional Testing
12 77 (11.61%) Kanban
13 74 (11.16%) Acceptance Criteria
14 72 (10.86%) Performance Testing
15 70 (10.56%) E-Commerce
16 66 (9.95%) Test Strategy
17 56 (8.45%) Non-Functional Testing
17 56 (8.45%) Problem-Solving
17 56 (8.45%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 318 (47.96%) Java
2 202 (30.47%) JavaScript
3 198 (29.86%) C#
4 164 (24.74%) SQL
5 42 (6.33%) Python
6 30 (4.52%) Ruby
7 23 (3.47%) Java 8
8 21 (3.17%) Groovy
8 21 (3.17%) Shell Script
9 16 (2.41%) ES6
9 16 (2.41%) PHP
10 13 (1.96%) PL/SQL
11 12 (1.81%) Scala
12 11 (1.66%) VBScript
13 9 (1.36%) C
13 9 (1.36%) PowerShell
14 6 (0.90%) Apple Swift
14 6 (0.90%) Bash Shell
14 6 (0.90%) C++
14 6 (0.90%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 68 (10.26%) ISTQB
2 46 (6.94%) Security Cleared
3 41 (6.18%) ISEB
4 37 (5.58%) SC Cleared
5 31 (4.68%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 26 (3.92%) Degree
7 9 (1.36%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 5 (0.75%) Computer Science Degree
9 3 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.30%) BC Cleared
10 2 (0.30%) HNC
10 2 (0.30%) ISEB Practitioner
10 2 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
11 1 (0.15%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.15%) DV Cleared
11 1 (0.15%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.15%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.15%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 195 (29.41%) QA
2 10 (1.51%) WCAG
3 9 (1.36%) GDPR
4 2 (0.30%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.30%) PMO
5 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.15%) EMIR
5 1 (0.15%) GCP
5 1 (0.15%) MiFID
System Software
1 47 (7.09%) Docker
2 4 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
3 3 (0.45%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.15%) ACF2
5 1 (0.15%) RACF
Systems Management
1 20 (3.02%) HP Quality Center
2 19 (2.87%) Kibana
3 12 (1.81%) HP ALM
3 12 (1.81%) Puppet
4 10 (1.51%) Grafana
4 10 (1.51%) Kubernetes
5 8 (1.21%) logstash
6 7 (1.06%) WMI
7 5 (0.75%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 4 (0.60%) Rancher
9 1 (0.15%) Ansible
9 1 (0.15%) CA Wily
9 1 (0.15%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 50 (7.54%) Microsoft
2 29 (4.37%) Atlassian
2 29 (4.37%) HP
3 25 (3.77%) Oracle
4 14 (2.11%) Adobe
4 14 (2.11%) Google
5 12 (1.81%) Capita
5 12 (1.81%) Pega
6 9 (1.36%) IBM
7 6 (0.90%) Cypress Semiconductor
8 5 (0.75%) hybris
8 5 (0.75%) Perfecto Mobile
9 4 (0.60%) Sitecore
9 4 (0.60%) Splunk
10 3 (0.45%) Bloomberg
10 3 (0.45%) Blue Prism
10 3 (0.45%) Reuters
10 3 (0.45%) Veracode
11 2 (0.30%) OpenText
11 2 (0.30%) VMware