Period
to 24 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 24 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK
6 months to
24 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 445 451 402
Rank change year-on-year +6 -49 -78
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 178 460 590
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.37% 0.50% 0.59%
As % of the Development Applications category 2.06% 2.45% 3.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 144 337 435
Median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £320 £325 £306
90th Percentile £700 £550 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £446 £395
% change year-on-year +0.84% +12.97% +12.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 4
Median hourly rate £35.00 - £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 - £50.00

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 8,661 18,750 19,603
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.98% 20.46% 19.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,619 12,494 13,501
Median daily rate £490 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% - +11.76%
10th Percentile £330 £331 £315
90th Percentile £657 £638 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 174 289 217
Median hourly rate £40.75 £43.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.23% +1.18% -
10th Percentile £19.60 £23.85 £28.30
90th Percentile £57.13 £54.00 £67.25
Median hourly rate £39.25 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -10.80% +3.53% -

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebDriver as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing WebDriver.

Daily rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 24 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing WebDriver.

Hourly rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 151 £475 +5.56% 30
UK excluding London +7 97 £450 +0.84% 21
London +47 79 £475 +5.56% 9
Scotland +56 25 £388 -1.59%
South West +26 22 £500 +19.05% 4
South East +46 20 £575 +26.03% 7
North of England +42 19 £450 +5.88% 6
North West +29 8 £341 -19.71% 5
East of England +55 7 £400 -4.76% 1
Yorkshire +52 6 £450 +32.35%
North East +20 6 £500 +11.11% 1
Work from Home +19 6 £525 +16.67% 1
Midlands +36 5 £450 +2.86% 3
West Midlands +33 5 £450 +0.28% 2

For the 6 months to 24 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 165 (92.70%) Test Automation
2 159 (89.33%) Selenium
3 122 (68.54%) Agile Software Development
4 100 (56.18%) Java
5 80 (44.94%) BDD
6 76 (42.70%) Cucumber
7 71 (39.89%) JIRA
8 66 (37.08%) Jenkins
9 53 (29.78%) C#
9 53 (29.78%) DevOps
10 47 (26.40%) JavaScript
11 45 (25.28%) SQL
12 44 (24.72%) REST
13 42 (23.60%) TDD
13 42 (23.60%) QA
14 36 (20.22%) Continuous Integration
15 34 (19.10%) Scrum
16 31 (17.42%) API Testing
17 29 (16.29%) Azure
18 28 (15.73%) Gherkin
18 28 (15.73%) Security Cleared
19 26 (14.61%) .NET
19 26 (14.61%) Scenario Testing
20 25 (14.04%) Public Sector
20 25 (14.04%) JMeter
20 25 (14.04%) Finance
20 25 (14.04%) Git (software)
20 25 (14.04%) SC Cleared
20 25 (14.04%) Test Strategy
20 25 (14.04%) SoapUI

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (14.04%) Confluence
2 14 (7.87%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (4.49%) IIS
4 3 (1.69%) Apache
5 1 (0.56%) WebSphere
Applications
1 2 (1.12%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (1.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (2.81%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 29 (16.29%) Azure
2 17 (9.55%) GitHub
3 14 (7.87%) AWS
4 7 (3.93%) BrowserStack
5 6 (3.37%) Sauce Labs
6 5 (2.81%) SaaS
7 2 (1.12%) GCP
8 1 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.56%) DigitalOcean
8 1 (0.56%) Dynamics 365
8 1 (0.56%) Serverless
8 1 (0.56%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 7 (3.93%) HTTP
2 4 (2.25%) Ethernet
2 4 (2.25%) IPv4
2 4 (2.25%) IPv6
2 4 (2.25%) Wi-Fi
3 3 (1.69%) DSL
3 3 (1.69%) Firewall
3 3 (1.69%) HTTPS
3 3 (1.69%) Reverse Proxy
3 3 (1.69%) SSL
4 2 (1.12%) Network Security
4 2 (1.12%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.56%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (10.67%) MongoDB
2 12 (6.74%) SQL Server
3 5 (2.81%) NoSQL
4 4 (2.25%) PostgreSQL
5 3 (1.69%) MySQL
6 2 (1.12%) Redis
6 2 (1.12%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.56%) Big Data
7 1 (0.56%) CouchDB
7 1 (0.56%) MariaDB
7 1 (0.56%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 159 (89.33%) Selenium
2 76 (42.70%) Cucumber
3 71 (39.89%) JIRA
4 66 (37.08%) Jenkins
5 25 (14.04%) Git (software)
5 25 (14.04%) JMeter
5 25 (14.04%) SoapUI
5 25 (14.04%) SpecFlow
6 24 (13.48%) Postman
7 21 (11.80%) Visual Studio
8 15 (8.43%) Maven
8 15 (8.43%) REST Assured
9 13 (7.30%) Team Foundation Server
10 12 (6.74%) Gatling
11 11 (6.18%) GitLab
11 11 (6.18%) Jasmine
12 10 (5.62%) HP UFT
12 10 (5.62%) Hudson
13 9 (5.06%) JUnit
13 9 (5.06%) NUnit
General
1 25 (14.04%) Finance
1 25 (14.04%) Public Sector
2 12 (6.74%) Banking
3 6 (3.37%) Retail
3 6 (3.37%) Retail Banking
4 5 (2.81%) Telecoms
5 2 (1.12%) Corporate Banking
5 2 (1.12%) Investment Banking
6 1 (0.56%) Advertising
6 1 (0.56%) Games
6 1 (0.56%) Legal
6 1 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
6 1 (0.56%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 43 (24.16%) Tester
2 39 (21.91%) Automation Tester
3 37 (20.79%) Analyst
4 36 (20.22%) Test Analyst
5 34 (19.10%) Developer
6 32 (17.98%) Test Engineer
7 20 (11.24%) Test Automation Engineer
8 19 (10.67%) Java Developer
9 17 (9.55%) Automation Test Analyst
10 14 (7.87%) Senior Analyst
10 14 (7.87%) Senior Test Analyst
11 13 (7.30%) Angular Developer
11 13 (7.30%) Developer in Test
11 13 (7.30%) Full Stack Developer
12 12 (6.74%) JavaScript Developer
13 9 (5.06%) QA Engineer
14 8 (4.49%) Software Developer
15 6 (3.37%) QA Test Engineer
15 6 (3.37%) Test Leader
16 5 (2.81%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (24.72%) REST
2 28 (15.73%) Gherkin
3 26 (14.61%) .NET
4 24 (13.48%) HTML
5 22 (12.36%) CSS
5 22 (12.36%) Web Services
6 21 (11.80%) AngularJS
7 17 (9.55%) RESTful
8 16 (8.99%) HTML5
9 15 (8.43%) JSON
10 13 (7.30%) Node.js
11 12 (6.74%) SOAP
12 9 (5.06%) Middleware
13 8 (4.49%) XML
14 4 (2.25%) Express
14 4 (2.25%) React
14 4 (2.25%) Spring
15 3 (1.69%) Java SE
16 2 (1.12%) ActiveMQ
16 2 (1.12%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 15 (8.43%) Analytical Skills
2 4 (2.25%) Virtual Team
3 3 (1.69%) Fixed Income
3 3 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
3 3 (1.69%) Mobile App
3 3 (1.69%) Robotics
3 3 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
3 3 (1.69%) User Experience
4 1 (0.56%) Augmented Reality
4 1 (0.56%) Blog
4 1 (0.56%) Enterprise Software
4 1 (0.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 1 (0.56%) Linux Command Line
4 1 (0.56%) NHS
4 1 (0.56%) N-Tier
4 1 (0.56%) Online Banking
4 1 (0.56%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 23 (12.92%) Linux
2 13 (7.30%) Windows
3 3 (1.69%) Unix
4 2 (1.12%) Mac OS
4 2 (1.12%) Mac OS X
5 1 (0.56%) Android
5 1 (0.56%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 165 (92.70%) Test Automation
2 122 (68.54%) Agile Software Development
3 80 (44.94%) BDD
4 53 (29.78%) DevOps
5 42 (23.60%) TDD
6 36 (20.22%) Continuous Integration
7 34 (19.10%) Scrum
8 31 (17.42%) API Testing
9 26 (14.61%) Scenario Testing
10 25 (14.04%) Open Source
10 25 (14.04%) Test Strategy
11 23 (12.92%) Manual Testing
11 23 (12.92%) Test Scripting
12 21 (11.80%) SDET
13 20 (11.24%) Kanban
14 19 (10.67%) Integration Testing
14 19 (10.67%) Problem-Solving
14 19 (10.67%) Regression Testing
14 19 (10.67%) SDLC
15 18 (10.11%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 100 (56.18%) Java
2 53 (29.78%) C#
3 47 (26.40%) JavaScript
4 45 (25.28%) SQL
5 9 (5.06%) PowerShell
5 9 (5.06%) Python
6 7 (3.93%) Java 8
6 7 (3.93%) Scala
7 5 (2.81%) C
7 5 (2.81%) Groovy
7 5 (2.81%) TypeScript
8 4 (2.25%) Shell Script
9 2 (1.12%) Ruby
9 2 (1.12%) XPath
10 1 (0.56%) Kotlin
10 1 (0.56%) PHP
10 1 (0.56%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 28 (15.73%) Security Cleared
2 25 (14.04%) SC Cleared
3 15 (8.43%) ISTQB
4 11 (6.18%) ISEB
5 8 (4.49%) DV Cleared
6 4 (2.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 2 (1.12%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (1.12%) Degree
8 1 (0.56%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (23.60%) QA
System Software
1 20 (11.24%) Docker
Systems Management
1 12 (6.74%) Kubernetes
2 7 (3.93%) Ansible
3 6 (3.37%) Terraform
4 4 (2.25%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (2.25%) Puppet
5 1 (0.56%) HP ALM
5 1 (0.56%) Kibana
5 1 (0.56%) logstash
Vendors
1 24 (13.48%) Microsoft
2 14 (7.87%) Atlassian
3 3 (1.69%) CyberArk
3 3 (1.69%) HP
3 3 (1.69%) IBM
3 3 (1.69%) Oracle
3 3 (1.69%) SAP
4 1 (0.56%) Google
4 1 (0.56%) MuleSoft
4 1 (0.56%) Pega