Period
to 23 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 23 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 367 394 359
Rank change year-on-year +27 -35 +96
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 686 585 733
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.68% 0.60% 0.68%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.26% 3.30% 4.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 516 382 517
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £304 £298 £263
90th Percentile £538 £575 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £350 £350
% change year-on-year +14.29% - +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 6 1
UK median hourly rate - £47.50 £39.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +20.65% +191.63%
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £47.50 £39.37
% change year-on-year - +20.65% +191.63%

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 21,032 17,730 17,213
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.80% 18.10% 16.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,427 12,174 11,704
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £613 £598 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 230 292 264
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.03% +8.55%
10th Percentile £26.73 £30.00 £24.30
90th Percentile £52.50 £60.90 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.25
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +7.14%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 632 £450 +10.43% 185
London +59 377 £450 -4.76% 84
UK excluding London -17 296 £400 +14.29% 108
North of England -43 94 £410 +12.71% 35
Midlands 0 61 £419 +11.67% 25
Yorkshire -14 61 £390 +6.85% 13
South East -31 57 £400 +14.29% 21
West Midlands +13 54 £425 +6.25% 12
South West -8 32 £425 +21.43% 12
North West -11 29 £450 +24.14% 22
Scotland +4 21 £375 +7.14% 5
Wales -10 14 £425 +51.79% 2
East of England -10 12 £355 +1.43% 9
East Midlands -23 7 £338 -6.90% 13
Northern Ireland +41 6 £388 +34.78%
North East -37 4 £375 +17.19%

For the 6 months to 23 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 629 (91.69%) Selenium
2 608 (88.63%) Test Automation
3 471 (68.66%) Agile Software Development
4 368 (53.64%) Java
5 353 (51.46%) Cucumber
6 319 (46.50%) BDD
7 228 (33.24%) QA
8 214 (31.20%) Jenkins
9 211 (30.76%) JavaScript
10 203 (29.59%) C#
11 198 (28.86%) TDD
12 188 (27.41%) Scrum
13 175 (25.51%) Continuous Integration
14 161 (23.47%) JIRA
15 151 (22.01%) SDET
16 150 (21.87%) API Testing
17 133 (19.39%) Git (software)
18 126 (18.37%) SpecFlow
18 126 (18.37%) SQL
19 122 (17.78%) Finance
20 121 (17.64%) Gherkin
21 113 (16.47%) .NET
22 110 (16.03%) SoapUI
23 102 (14.87%) RESTful
24 97 (14.14%) HTML
25 95 (13.85%) JMeter
26 91 (13.27%) Maven
27 90 (13.12%) CSS
28 88 (12.83%) Confluence
29 80 (11.66%) Test Scripting

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (12.83%) Confluence
2 19 (2.77%) CMS
3 12 (1.75%) NServiceBus
4 10 (1.46%) Jetty
4 10 (1.46%) Tomcat
5 9 (1.31%) Drupal
6 7 (1.02%) Documentum
6 7 (1.02%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (0.87%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 6 (0.87%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
8 5 (0.73%) Sitecore CMS
9 3 (0.44%) Apache
9 3 (0.44%) Apache Spark
9 3 (0.44%) SAS
9 3 (0.44%) Umbraco
9 3 (0.44%) WebSphere
10 2 (0.29%) SharePoint
11 1 (0.15%) CICS
11 1 (0.15%) JBoss
11 1 (0.15%) WebLogic
Applications
1 10 (1.46%) Fireworks
1 10 (1.46%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.29%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.15%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 1 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
1 1 (0.15%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 60 (8.75%) Amazon AWS
2 58 (8.45%) GitHub
3 56 (8.16%) BrowserStack
4 49 (7.14%) Sauce Labs
5 28 (4.08%) Microsoft Azure
6 13 (1.90%) Google Analytics
7 12 (1.75%) Google Cloud Platform
8 8 (1.17%) DigitalOcean
9 7 (1.02%) Slack
10 5 (0.73%) BlazeMeter
11 3 (0.44%) Adobe Analytics
11 3 (0.44%) vREST
12 2 (0.29%) AWS Lambda
12 2 (0.29%) npm
12 2 (0.29%) SaaS
12 2 (0.29%) Serverless
13 1 (0.15%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 26 (3.79%) HTTP
2 24 (3.50%) Internet
3 8 (1.17%) VPN
4 7 (1.02%) HTTPS
4 7 (1.02%) Skype
5 4 (0.58%) SMS
6 1 (0.15%) Broadband
6 1 (0.15%) LAN
6 1 (0.15%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (7.43%) PostgreSQL
2 27 (3.94%) SQL Server
3 24 (3.50%) MongoDB
4 9 (1.31%) Relational Database
5 7 (1.02%) Data Warehouse
5 7 (1.02%) DB2
6 6 (0.87%) Big Data
6 6 (0.87%) Hadoop
6 6 (0.87%) Oracle Database
6 6 (0.87%) Redis
7 5 (0.73%) Oracle Database 11g
8 4 (0.58%) MySQL
8 4 (0.58%) NoSQL
9 3 (0.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 3 (0.44%) Apache Hive
9 3 (0.44%) Oracle Database 12c
10 2 (0.29%) Oracle Database 10g
11 1 (0.15%) DbVisualizer
11 1 (0.15%) Oracle8/8i Database
11 1 (0.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 629 (91.69%) Selenium
2 353 (51.46%) Cucumber
3 214 (31.20%) Jenkins
4 161 (23.47%) JIRA
5 133 (19.39%) Git (software)
6 126 (18.37%) SpecFlow
7 110 (16.03%) SoapUI
8 95 (13.85%) JMeter
9 91 (13.27%) Maven
10 59 (8.60%) Appium
10 59 (8.60%) JUnit
11 43 (6.27%) Protractor
12 38 (5.54%) Jasmine
13 35 (5.10%) Gatling
14 31 (4.52%) Team Foundation Server
15 30 (4.37%) GitLab
15 30 (4.37%) NUnit
16 28 (4.08%) TeamCity
17 27 (3.94%) Gradle
17 27 (3.94%) Visual Studio
General
1 122 (17.78%) Finance
2 47 (6.85%) Banking
3 31 (4.52%) Retail
4 13 (1.90%) Advertising
5 10 (1.46%) Marketing
6 8 (1.17%) Telecoms
7 6 (0.87%) Electronics
7 6 (0.87%) Investment Banking
7 6 (0.87%) Manufacturing
8 5 (0.73%) Games
9 3 (0.44%) Law
10 1 (0.15%) Corporate Banking
10 1 (0.15%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 239 (34.84%) Tester
2 192 (27.99%) Automation Tester
3 143 (20.85%) Developer
4 109 (15.89%) Test Engineer
5 100 (14.58%) Analyst
6 90 (13.12%) Test Analyst
7 81 (11.81%) Test Automation Engineer
8 64 (9.33%) Automation Test Analyst
9 62 (9.04%) Developer in Test
10 56 (8.16%) Selenium Tester
11 53 (7.73%) QA Engineer
12 49 (7.14%) Selenium Automation Tester
13 41 (5.98%) QA Tester
14 38 (5.54%) Java Automation Tester
15 32 (4.66%) Software Developer
16 29 (4.23%) QA Automation Tester
17 28 (4.08%) Java Developer
18 27 (3.94%) QA Automation Engineer
19 25 (3.64%) Agile Tester
20 23 (3.35%) Software Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 121 (17.64%) Gherkin
2 113 (16.47%) .NET
3 102 (14.87%) RESTful
4 97 (14.14%) HTML
5 90 (13.12%) CSS
6 78 (11.37%) REST
7 71 (10.35%) Web Services
8 65 (9.48%) Node.js
9 56 (8.16%) SOAP
10 49 (7.14%) AngularJS
11 46 (6.71%) LESS
11 46 (6.71%) React
12 44 (6.41%) HTML5
13 43 (6.27%) JSON
14 40 (5.83%) XML
15 37 (5.39%) Sass
16 32 (4.66%) .NET Framework
17 27 (3.94%) WebdriverIO
18 24 (3.50%) ASP.NET
19 22 (3.21%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 56 (8.16%) Analytical Skills
2 38 (5.54%) Mobile App
3 34 (4.96%) Greenfield Project
4 28 (4.08%) Self-Motivation
5 25 (3.64%) User Experience
6 21 (3.06%) Fintech
7 19 (2.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 8 (1.17%) Algorithms
8 8 (1.17%) Computer Science
8 8 (1.17%) Data Structures
8 8 (1.17%) Virtual Team
9 5 (0.73%) NHS
10 4 (0.58%) Hedge funds
10 4 (0.58%) Management Information System
11 3 (0.44%) Credit Risk
11 3 (0.44%) Fixed Income
11 3 (0.44%) Robotics
11 3 (0.44%) Video on Demand
11 3 (0.44%) Video\Live Streaming
12 2 (0.29%) IVR
Operating Systems
1 54 (7.87%) Linux
2 42 (6.12%) Windows
3 31 (4.52%) Unix
4 28 (4.08%) Android
4 28 (4.08%) Apple iOS
5 16 (2.33%) Ubuntu
6 10 (1.46%) Mac OS X
7 7 (1.02%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.29%) Kali Linux
8 2 (0.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.15%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.15%) Windows 2000
9 1 (0.15%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 608 (88.63%) Test Automation
2 471 (68.66%) Agile Software Development
3 319 (46.50%) BDD
4 198 (28.86%) TDD
5 188 (27.41%) Scrum
6 175 (25.51%) Continuous Integration
7 151 (22.01%) SDET
8 150 (21.87%) API Testing
9 80 (11.66%) Test Scripting
10 73 (10.64%) DevOps
11 72 (10.50%) Performance Testing
12 71 (10.35%) Functional Testing
13 70 (10.20%) Regression Testing
14 67 (9.77%) Kanban
14 67 (9.77%) OO
15 65 (9.48%) Test Strategy
16 61 (8.89%) Non-Functional Testing
17 59 (8.60%) E-Commerce
18 58 (8.45%) Open Source
19 56 (8.16%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 368 (53.64%) Java
2 211 (30.76%) JavaScript
3 203 (29.59%) C#
4 126 (18.37%) SQL
5 40 (5.83%) Ruby
6 39 (5.69%) Groovy
7 36 (5.25%) Python
8 21 (3.06%) Java 8
8 21 (3.06%) Scala
9 20 (2.92%) Shell Script
10 17 (2.48%) PHP
11 14 (2.04%) ES6
12 13 (1.90%) PowerShell
13 12 (1.75%) Bash Shell
13 12 (1.75%) PL/SQL
13 12 (1.75%) VBScript
14 9 (1.31%) TypeScript
15 8 (1.17%) C++
16 7 (1.02%) Apple Swift
16 7 (1.02%) C
Qualifications
1 59 (8.60%) ISTQB
2 47 (6.85%) Security Cleared
3 43 (6.27%) ISEB
4 40 (5.83%) SC Cleared
5 32 (4.66%) Degree
6 16 (2.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 9 (1.31%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 6 (0.87%) Computer Science Degree
8 6 (0.87%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.44%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.29%) BC Cleared
11 2 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 228 (33.24%) QA
2 10 (1.46%) GDPR
2 10 (1.46%) WCAG
3 4 (0.58%) PMO
4 3 (0.44%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.29%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.15%) EMIR
6 1 (0.15%) MiFID
System Software
1 69 (10.06%) Docker
2 3 (0.44%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 30 (4.37%) Kibana
2 22 (3.21%) Grafana
3 17 (2.48%) HP Quality Center
4 13 (1.90%) Puppet
5 12 (1.75%) Graphite
6 10 (1.46%) Kubernetes
7 9 (1.31%) WMI
8 8 (1.17%) HP ALM
9 7 (1.02%) logstash
10 4 (0.58%) Business Desktop Deployment
11 3 (0.44%) Rancher
12 2 (0.29%) Ansible
13 1 (0.15%) CA Wily
13 1 (0.15%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 52 (7.58%) Microsoft
2 29 (4.23%) Atlassian
3 26 (3.79%) Google
3 26 (3.79%) Oracle
4 17 (2.48%) HP
5 16 (2.33%) Adobe
6 11 (1.60%) Cypress Semiconductor
6 11 (1.60%) Splunk
7 7 (1.02%) Pega
7 7 (1.02%) Perfecto Mobile
8 6 (0.87%) SAP
9 5 (0.73%) Sitecore
10 4 (0.58%) hybris
10 4 (0.58%) IBM
10 4 (0.58%) Veracode
11 3 (0.44%) Bloomberg
11 3 (0.44%) Blue Prism
11 3 (0.44%) Reuters
12 2 (0.29%) Red Hat
13 1 (0.15%) Informatica