Period
to 6 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 6 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK
6 months to
6 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 497 350 404
Rank change year-on-year -147 +54 -64
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 309 761 621
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.38% 0.73% 0.60%
As % of the Development Applications category 2.22% 3.40% 3.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 240 576 437
UK median daily rate £450 £441 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.98% +3.82% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £300 £300
90th Percentile £575 £538 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £375
% change year-on-year +2.94% +13.33% +1.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 2
UK median hourly rate - - £30.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £30.25

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 13,914 22,397 19,340
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.07% 21.36% 18.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,094 15,406 13,506
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 248 231 278
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £43.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.33% +1.18% +3.66%
10th Percentile £18.32 £30.00 £29.00
90th Percentile £65.75 £53.75 £61.78
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -1.16% +1.18% +3.66%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the UK over the 6 months to 6 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -125 282 £450 - 135
UK excluding London -74 183 £438 +2.94% 100
London -116 126 £475 +4.40% 41
South East +13 55 £575 +43.75% 17
North of England -32 46 £400 -3.03% 49
Yorkshire +8 28 £400 +11.11% 23
South West -11 27 £388 -13.89% 7
Scotland +33 18 £388 +3.33% 5
East of England +43 14 £419 +19.64% 6
Midlands -19 14 £431 - 15
West Midlands -26 12 £438 -2.78% 10
North West -22 11 £450 +5.88% 23
Wales +18 9 £425 - 1
North East +18 7 £325 -21.21% 3
East Midlands +27 2 £425 +8.97% 5

For the 6 months to 6 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 293 (94.82%) Selenium
2 278 (89.97%) Test Automation
3 203 (65.70%) Agile Software Development
4 176 (56.96%) Cucumber
5 141 (45.63%) Java
6 126 (40.78%) BDD
7 114 (36.89%) C#
8 93 (30.10%) TDD
9 86 (27.83%) QA
10 80 (25.89%) Jenkins
11 73 (23.62%) Scrum
12 72 (23.30%) DevOps
13 64 (20.71%) JavaScript
14 63 (20.39%) JIRA
15 61 (19.74%) JMeter
16 60 (19.42%) Regression Testing
16 60 (19.42%) Continuous Integration
17 57 (18.45%) Performance Testing
18 52 (16.83%) API Testing
19 50 (16.18%) SQL
20 49 (15.86%) Microsoft
21 47 (15.21%) .NET
22 46 (14.89%) Web Services
22 46 (14.89%) Azure
22 46 (14.89%) Gherkin
23 43 (13.92%) SpecFlow
23 43 (13.92%) Visual Studio
24 42 (13.59%) SDET
25 41 (13.27%) Test Strategy
25 41 (13.27%) RESTful

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (9.71%) Confluence
2 5 (1.62%) Elasticsearch
3 4 (1.29%) OpenEdge
4 2 (0.65%) Apache
4 2 (0.65%) Apache Spark
4 2 (0.65%) IIS
4 2 (0.65%) Jetty
4 2 (0.65%) Mule
4 2 (0.65%) Mule ESB
4 2 (0.65%) Tomcat
5 1 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
5 1 (0.32%) CMS
5 1 (0.32%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.32%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.32%) Magento
1 1 (0.32%) SAP IS-U
1 1 (0.32%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 46 (14.89%) Azure
2 27 (8.74%) AWS
3 13 (4.21%) GitHub
4 12 (3.88%) Sauce Labs
5 9 (2.91%) BrowserStack
6 8 (2.59%) BlazeMeter
7 5 (1.62%) GCP
8 4 (1.29%) AWS Lambda
8 4 (1.29%) Power Platform
9 3 (0.97%) Apigee
9 3 (0.97%) Dynamics 365
9 3 (0.97%) Serverless
9 3 (0.97%) Slack
10 2 (0.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 2 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
10 2 (0.65%) Amazon ELB
10 2 (0.65%) Amazon EMR
10 2 (0.65%) Amazon S3
10 2 (0.65%) AWS CloudTrail
10 2 (0.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 4 (1.29%) DSL
2 2 (0.65%) HTTP
2 2 (0.65%) SSH
3 1 (0.32%) Ethernet
3 1 (0.32%) IPv4
3 1 (0.32%) IPv6
3 1 (0.32%) Network Security
3 1 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (9.71%) SQL Server
2 9 (2.91%) Big Data
3 8 (2.59%) Data Warehouse
3 8 (2.59%) PostgreSQL
4 5 (1.62%) NoSQL
5 4 (1.29%) MongoDB
5 4 (1.29%) Power BI
5 4 (1.29%) SQL Server Analysis Services
5 4 (1.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 3 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 3 (0.97%) Hadoop
6 3 (0.97%) Relational Database
7 2 (0.65%) Amazon RDS
7 2 (0.65%) Apache Hive
7 2 (0.65%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
7 2 (0.65%) BigQuery
7 2 (0.65%) Data Lake
7 2 (0.65%) Electronic Patient Records
7 2 (0.65%) Parquet
7 2 (0.65%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 293 (94.82%) Selenium
2 176 (56.96%) Cucumber
3 80 (25.89%) Jenkins
4 63 (20.39%) JIRA
5 61 (19.74%) JMeter
6 43 (13.92%) SpecFlow
6 43 (13.92%) Visual Studio
7 35 (11.33%) Git (software)
8 34 (11.00%) Appium
9 30 (9.71%) Gatling
10 29 (9.39%) Postman
11 26 (8.41%) Protractor
12 25 (8.09%) SoapUI
13 21 (6.80%) Team Foundation Server
14 20 (6.47%) REST Assured
15 18 (5.83%) JUnit
16 16 (5.18%) Visual Studio Team System
17 15 (4.85%) Jasmine
18 14 (4.53%) TeamCity
19 13 (4.21%) JBehave
General
1 36 (11.65%) Finance
2 20 (6.47%) Public Sector
3 16 (5.18%) Banking
4 9 (2.91%) Retail
5 5 (1.62%) Telecoms
6 3 (0.97%) Advertising
7 2 (0.65%) Financial Institution
7 2 (0.65%) Investment Banking
7 2 (0.65%) Retail Banking
8 1 (0.32%) Corporate Banking
8 1 (0.32%) Front Office
8 1 (0.32%) Games
8 1 (0.32%) Legal
8 1 (0.32%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.32%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 75 (24.27%) Analyst
2 73 (23.62%) Test Analyst
3 68 (22.01%) Tester
4 53 (17.15%) Automation Test Analyst
5 51 (16.50%) Automation Tester
6 49 (15.86%) Test Engineer
7 38 (12.30%) Test Leader
8 35 (11.33%) Developer
8 35 (11.33%) Test Automation Engineer
9 27 (8.74%) QA Engineer
10 21 (6.80%) Developer in Test
11 14 (4.53%) Automation Test Lead
12 12 (3.88%) Java Automation Tester
12 12 (3.88%) Selenium Automation Tester
12 12 (3.88%) Selenium Tester
13 11 (3.56%) Automation Engineer
14 10 (3.24%) Java Developer
14 10 (3.24%) QA Automation Engineer
14 10 (3.24%) QA Leader
15 9 (2.91%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (15.21%) .NET
2 46 (14.89%) Gherkin
2 46 (14.89%) Web Services
3 41 (13.27%) RESTful
4 31 (10.03%) SOAP
5 30 (9.71%) HTML
6 29 (9.39%) CSS
7 28 (9.06%) REST
8 24 (7.77%) AngularJS
9 19 (6.15%) Node.js
9 19 (6.15%) Spring
10 13 (4.21%) JSON
11 8 (2.59%) Hibernate
12 7 (2.27%) HTML5
12 7 (2.27%) JDBC
13 6 (1.94%) Nightwatchjs
14 5 (1.62%) .NET Framework
15 4 (1.29%) Java EE
16 3 (0.97%) CSS3
16 3 (0.97%) WebdriverIO
Miscellaneous
1 11 (3.56%) Analytical Skills
2 10 (3.24%) Mobile App
3 9 (2.91%) User Experience
4 8 (2.59%) Greenfield Project
5 4 (1.29%) EPoS
6 3 (0.97%) NHS
6 3 (0.97%) Robotics
7 2 (0.65%) Algorithms
7 2 (0.65%) Data Structures
7 2 (0.65%) DataPower
7 2 (0.65%) Equities
7 2 (0.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 2 (0.65%) Handset
7 2 (0.65%) Virtual Team
8 1 (0.32%) Derivative
8 1 (0.32%) Life Science
8 1 (0.32%) Mainframe
8 1 (0.32%) N-Tier
8 1 (0.32%) STB
8 1 (0.32%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 20 (6.47%) Android
2 19 (6.15%) Apple iOS
3 18 (5.83%) Windows
4 12 (3.88%) Mac OS
5 7 (2.27%) Linux
5 7 (2.27%) Unix
6 1 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.32%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 278 (89.97%) Test Automation
2 203 (65.70%) Agile Software Development
3 126 (40.78%) BDD
4 93 (30.10%) TDD
5 73 (23.62%) Scrum
6 72 (23.30%) DevOps
7 60 (19.42%) Continuous Integration
7 60 (19.42%) Regression Testing
8 57 (18.45%) Performance Testing
9 52 (16.83%) API Testing
10 42 (13.59%) SDET
11 41 (13.27%) Test Strategy
12 38 (12.30%) Test Scripting
13 36 (11.65%) Microservices
14 34 (11.00%) Manual Testing
15 29 (9.39%) Kanban
16 25 (8.09%) Load Testing
17 23 (7.44%) Software Testing
18 22 (7.12%) Continuous Delivery
18 22 (7.12%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 141 (45.63%) Java
2 114 (36.89%) C#
3 64 (20.71%) JavaScript
4 50 (16.18%) SQL
5 20 (6.47%) Java 8
6 19 (6.15%) Python
7 12 (3.88%) Ruby
8 10 (3.24%) Scala
8 10 (3.24%) TypeScript
9 6 (1.94%) Bash Shell
10 5 (1.62%) Apple Swift
10 5 (1.62%) Groovy
10 5 (1.62%) PowerShell
11 4 (1.29%) C
11 4 (1.29%) Kotlin
11 4 (1.29%) PL/SQL
11 4 (1.29%) Shell Script
12 3 (0.97%) C++
13 2 (0.65%) Go
13 2 (0.65%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 30 (9.71%) ISTQB
2 25 (8.09%) Security Cleared
3 19 (6.15%) ISEB
4 17 (5.50%) SC Cleared
5 6 (1.94%) Degree
6 4 (1.29%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
6 4 (1.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 3 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.97%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.65%) BC Cleared
9 1 (0.32%) Computer Science Degree
9 1 (0.32%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.32%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 86 (27.83%) QA
2 2 (0.65%) GDPR
3 1 (0.32%) PMO
System Software
1 34 (11.00%) Docker
2 2 (0.65%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 19 (6.15%) Kubernetes
2 7 (2.27%) HP Quality Center
3 5 (1.62%) Terraform
4 4 (1.29%) Kibana
5 3 (0.97%) logstash
6 2 (0.65%) Ansible
6 2 (0.65%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.32%) HockeyApp
7 1 (0.32%) HP Fortify
7 1 (0.32%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.32%) Puppet
Vendors
1 49 (15.86%) Microsoft
2 9 (2.91%) Oracle
3 7 (2.27%) hybris
4 5 (1.62%) Google
5 4 (1.29%) SAP
6 3 (0.97%) Atlassian
7 2 (0.65%) Databricks
7 2 (0.65%) Red Hat
7 2 (0.65%) ServiceNow
7 2 (0.65%) Splunk
8 1 (0.32%) Apple
8 1 (0.32%) IBM
8 1 (0.32%) Pega
8 1 (0.32%) Software AG
8 1 (0.32%) webMethods
8 1 (0.32%) WorldPay
8 1 (0.32%) Xamarin