Period
to 25 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 25 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK
6 months to
25 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 388 295 455
Rank change year-on-year -93 +160 -23
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 596 803 493
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.60% 0.84% 0.46%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.22% 5.04% 3.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 436 580 357
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £300 £287 £263
90th Percentile £550 £525 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £383 £350 £328
% change year-on-year +9.29% +6.87% -6.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 5 0
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.87 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.00% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £45.87 -
% change year-on-year +9.00% - -

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 18,490 15,934 15,889
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.49% 16.74% 14.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,958 10,707 10,605
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £613 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £423 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +5.63% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 231 279 393
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.76% +2.50% +8.11%
10th Percentile £31.25 £22.15 £23.85
90th Percentile £67.25 £53.75 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +9.76% +2.50% +8.11%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 25 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the UK over the 6 months to 25 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -99 568 £425 +6.25% 210
UK excluding London -61 316 £383 +9.29% 116
London -75 269 £450 - 97
South East -40 85 £400 +8.11% 36
North of England -14 82 £375 +5.63% 36
Midlands +36 63 £394 -3.08% 21
South West -7 38 £354 +8.85% 9
Yorkshire -16 37 £390 +4.00% 17
East of England -40 36 £450 +41.18% 11
West Midlands +21 34 £425 +21.43% 10
North East +43 30 £395 +26.40% 1
East Midlands +14 29 £380 -13.14% 11
North West -3 14 £350 -11.39% 18
Scotland -41 10 £390 +6.48% 2
Wales +9 7 £400 +10.34% 1

For the 6 months to 25 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 546 (91.61%) Selenium
2 511 (85.74%) Test Automation
3 480 (80.54%) Agile Software Development
4 338 (56.71%) Java
5 299 (50.17%) BDD
6 291 (48.83%) Cucumber
7 198 (33.22%) QA
7 198 (33.22%) TDD
8 183 (30.70%) JIRA
9 178 (29.87%) Scrum
10 176 (29.53%) Jenkins
11 175 (29.36%) C#
12 171 (28.69%) JavaScript
13 147 (24.66%) Continuous Integration
14 128 (21.48%) SQL
15 119 (19.97%) Finance
16 110 (18.46%) Git (software)
17 109 (18.29%) Test Scripting
18 97 (16.28%) Confluence
19 96 (16.11%) SoapUI
20 94 (15.77%) SpecFlow
21 93 (15.60%) Gherkin
22 90 (15.10%) RESTful
23 86 (14.43%) Open Source
24 84 (14.09%) Web Services
25 80 (13.42%) .NET
26 79 (13.26%) E-Commerce
26 79 (13.26%) DevOps
26 79 (13.26%) Continuous Delivery
27 75 (12.58%) JUnit

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (16.28%) Confluence
2 17 (2.85%) Tomcat
3 13 (2.18%) CMS
4 10 (1.68%) WebSphere
5 7 (1.17%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 6 (1.01%) Elasticsearch
7 5 (0.84%) WebLogic
8 4 (0.67%) Apache Spark
8 4 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
8 4 (0.67%) Documentum
9 3 (0.50%) ColdFusion
9 3 (0.50%) Sitecore CMS
10 2 (0.34%) Apache Pig
10 2 (0.34%) WordPress
11 1 (0.17%) EPiServer
11 1 (0.17%) nginx
11 1 (0.17%) OpenStack
11 1 (0.17%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 3 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.34%) Mingle
3 1 (0.17%) HipChat
3 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (1.68%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (1.34%) Magento
3 1 (0.17%) OpenText Process Suite
Cloud Services
1 31 (5.20%) Amazon AWS
2 23 (3.86%) Sauce Labs
3 21 (3.52%) BrowserStack
4 17 (2.85%) GitHub
5 13 (2.18%) Heroku
6 12 (2.01%) Microsoft Azure
7 7 (1.17%) Cloud Computing
8 5 (0.84%) Google Cloud Platform
8 5 (0.84%) npm
8 5 (0.84%) Slack
9 4 (0.67%) AWS CloudFormation
9 4 (0.67%) IaaS
9 4 (0.67%) vREST
10 3 (0.50%) Amazon EC2
11 2 (0.34%) Google Analytics
11 2 (0.34%) PaaS
12 1 (0.17%) AWS Lambda
12 1 (0.17%) SaaS
12 1 (0.17%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 30 (5.03%) Internet
2 8 (1.34%) HTTP
3 6 (1.01%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.84%) 3G
4 5 (0.84%) DHCP
4 5 (0.84%) DNS
4 5 (0.84%) ICMP
4 5 (0.84%) LTE
5 4 (0.67%) SMS
6 1 (0.17%) 4G
6 1 (0.17%) 5G
6 1 (0.17%) LAN
6 1 (0.17%) WAN
6 1 (0.17%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (4.03%) MongoDB
2 23 (3.86%) SQL Server
3 17 (2.85%) Big Data
4 15 (2.52%) Redis
5 13 (2.18%) DB2
5 13 (2.18%) PostgreSQL
5 13 (2.18%) Relational Database
6 12 (2.01%) Hadoop
7 10 (1.68%) DbVisualizer
7 10 (1.68%) MySQL
8 7 (1.17%) NoSQL
9 6 (1.01%) Apache Hive
9 6 (1.01%) Oracle Database
10 3 (0.50%) Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.50%) HBase
10 3 (0.50%) RDBMS
11 2 (0.34%) Impala
12 1 (0.17%) BigQuery
12 1 (0.17%) MariaDB
12 1 (0.17%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 546 (91.61%) Selenium
2 291 (48.83%) Cucumber
3 183 (30.70%) JIRA
4 176 (29.53%) Jenkins
5 110 (18.46%) Git (software)
6 96 (16.11%) SoapUI
7 94 (15.77%) SpecFlow
8 75 (12.58%) JUnit
9 56 (9.40%) JMeter
10 51 (8.56%) Appium
11 49 (8.22%) Maven
12 47 (7.89%) Protractor
13 44 (7.38%) TeamCity
14 43 (7.21%) NUnit
15 41 (6.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 39 (6.54%) TestNG
17 33 (5.54%) Team Foundation Server
18 31 (5.20%) Jasmine
18 31 (5.20%) JBehave
19 30 (5.03%) Visual Studio
General
1 119 (19.97%) Finance
2 56 (9.40%) Retail
3 49 (8.22%) Banking
4 27 (4.53%) Telecoms
5 17 (2.85%) Marketing
6 14 (2.35%) Games
7 12 (2.01%) Investment Banking
7 12 (2.01%) Manufacturing
8 10 (1.68%) Advertising
9 9 (1.51%) Corporate Banking
9 9 (1.51%) Electronics
10 7 (1.17%) Law
11 5 (0.84%) Financial Institution
11 5 (0.84%) Front Office
12 4 (0.67%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.50%) Automotive
13 3 (0.50%) Back Office
13 3 (0.50%) Publishing
14 2 (0.34%) Military
15 1 (0.17%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 183 (30.70%) Tester
2 140 (23.49%) Automation Tester
3 119 (19.97%) Analyst
4 109 (18.29%) Test Analyst
5 104 (17.45%) Developer
6 93 (15.60%) Test Engineer
7 73 (12.25%) Automation Test Analyst
8 59 (9.90%) Test Automation Engineer
9 54 (9.06%) Developer in Test
10 44 (7.38%) QA Engineer
11 42 (7.05%) QA Tester
12 31 (5.20%) Java Engineer
13 30 (5.03%) Selenium Test Analyst
14 29 (4.87%) QA Automation Engineer
15 26 (4.36%) Java Developer
16 24 (4.03%) QA Automation Tester
17 21 (3.52%) Architect
17 21 (3.52%) Test Leader
18 20 (3.36%) Senior Analyst
18 20 (3.36%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (15.60%) Gherkin
2 90 (15.10%) RESTful
3 84 (14.09%) Web Services
4 80 (13.42%) .NET
5 60 (10.07%) HTML
6 58 (9.73%) SOAP
7 57 (9.56%) REST
8 52 (8.72%) Node.js
9 49 (8.22%) CSS
10 44 (7.38%) JSON
11 40 (6.71%) XML
12 30 (5.03%) AngularJS
12 30 (5.03%) React
13 29 (4.87%) HTML5
14 24 (4.03%) Spring
15 23 (3.86%) CSS3
16 19 (3.19%) jQuery
16 19 (3.19%) Sass
17 17 (2.85%) J2EE
18 16 (2.68%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 40 (6.71%) Mobile App
2 34 (5.70%) Greenfield Project
3 32 (5.37%) Analytical Skills
4 23 (3.86%) User Experience
5 19 (3.19%) Fintech
6 17 (2.85%) Mainframe
7 16 (2.68%) Computer Science
8 15 (2.52%) Linux Command Line
9 9 (1.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 9 (1.51%) RIA
10 8 (1.34%) PlayStation
11 6 (1.01%) Management Information System
12 4 (0.67%) Digital Media
12 4 (0.67%) Grid Computing
12 4 (0.67%) Video on Demand
13 3 (0.50%) Driving Licence
13 3 (0.50%) Enterprise Software
13 3 (0.50%) Hedge funds
13 3 (0.50%) Public Cloud
13 3 (0.50%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 43 (7.21%) Unix
2 37 (6.21%) Android
2 37 (6.21%) Linux
3 35 (5.87%) Apple iOS
4 34 (5.70%) Windows
5 16 (2.68%) Mac OS X
6 4 (0.67%) Debian
7 1 (0.17%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.17%) Solaris
7 1 (0.17%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 511 (85.74%) Test Automation
2 480 (80.54%) Agile Software Development
3 299 (50.17%) BDD
4 198 (33.22%) TDD
5 178 (29.87%) Scrum
6 147 (24.66%) Continuous Integration
7 109 (18.29%) Test Scripting
8 86 (14.43%) Open Source
9 79 (13.26%) Continuous Delivery
9 79 (13.26%) DevOps
9 79 (13.26%) E-Commerce
10 70 (11.74%) Regression Testing
11 68 (11.41%) API Testing
11 68 (11.41%) Functional Testing
11 68 (11.41%) SDET
12 66 (11.07%) Performance Testing
12 66 (11.07%) Test Strategy
13 52 (8.72%) Software Testing
14 51 (8.56%) Acceptance Criteria
15 45 (7.55%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 338 (56.71%) Java
2 175 (29.36%) C#
3 171 (28.69%) JavaScript
4 128 (21.48%) SQL
5 72 (12.08%) Python
6 68 (11.41%) Ruby
7 43 (7.21%) Scala
8 15 (2.52%) Apple Swift
9 14 (2.35%) Perl
10 10 (1.68%) Groovy
10 10 (1.68%) PHP
11 8 (1.34%) PL/SQL
11 8 (1.34%) Shell Script
12 7 (1.17%) PowerShell
12 7 (1.17%) T-SQL
12 7 (1.17%) TypeScript
13 4 (0.67%) Bash Shell
14 3 (0.50%) C
14 3 (0.50%) C++
14 3 (0.50%) ES6
Qualifications
1 43 (7.21%) Security Cleared
2 32 (5.37%) ISTQB
3 30 (5.03%) SC Cleared
4 25 (4.19%) Degree
5 24 (4.03%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 20 (3.36%) ISEB
7 8 (1.34%) DV Cleared
8 6 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
9 3 (0.50%) HNC
10 2 (0.34%) ISEB Practitioner
10 2 (0.34%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
11 1 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 198 (33.22%) QA
2 10 (1.68%) WCAG
3 2 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (0.34%) GDPR
System Software
1 52 (8.72%) Docker
2 4 (0.67%) Apache Flume
2 4 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 29 (4.87%) HP Quality Center
2 19 (3.19%) HP ALM
3 18 (3.02%) Puppet
4 7 (1.17%) Ansible
4 7 (1.17%) Opscode Chef
5 4 (0.67%) Kibana
5 4 (0.67%) Terraform
6 2 (0.34%) Business Desktop Deployment
6 2 (0.34%) logstash
7 1 (0.17%) Grafana
7 1 (0.17%) Nagios
Vendors
1 40 (6.71%) Atlassian
1 40 (6.71%) HP
2 26 (4.36%) Oracle
3 18 (3.02%) Microsoft
4 12 (2.01%) IBM
5 10 (1.68%) SAP
6 9 (1.51%) Capita
7 8 (1.34%) Google
7 8 (1.34%) hybris
8 6 (1.01%) Citrix
8 6 (1.01%) Pega
9 5 (0.84%) Adobe
9 5 (0.84%) Perforce
10 4 (0.67%) ServiceNow
11 3 (0.50%) OpenText
11 3 (0.50%) Sitecore
11 3 (0.50%) Sonatype
12 2 (0.34%) Blue Prism
12 2 (0.34%) Twitter
12 2 (0.34%) Xamarin