Period
to 23 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 23 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK
6 months to
23 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 395 296 433
Rank change year-on-year -99 +137 +3
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 586 748 547
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.58% 0.81% 0.52%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.00% 4.85% 3.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 428 522 387
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £390
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
10th Percentile £300 £288 £273
90th Percentile £563 £525 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £350 £345
% change year-on-year +14.29% +1.45% -1.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 7 3
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.87 £43.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.00% +5.45% -
10th Percentile £33.85 £41.25 £40.18
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £46.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £45.87 £43.50
% change year-on-year +9.00% +5.45% -

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19,512 15,416 15,678
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.30% 16.76% 14.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,515 10,367 10,551
UK median daily rate £475 £425 £418
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +1.80% +4.38%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £290
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 218 306 367
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £42.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% -2.24% +14.73%
10th Percentile £28.70 £21.63 £22.30
90th Percentile £67.25 £54.38 £52.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year +3.66% -2.38% +13.51%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the UK over the 6 months to 23 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -88 554 £425 +6.25% 164
London -64 295 £450 - 73
UK excluding London -110 280 £400 +14.29% 102
South East -35 90 £400 +14.29% 30
North of England -67 64 £375 +10.29% 28
Midlands +19 59 £365 -11.78% 19
West Midlands +27 41 £413 +22.22% 6
Yorkshire -15 38 £375 - 18
South West -28 29 £375 +15.38% 6
East of England -23 21 £450 +28.57% 8
East Midlands +5 18 £350 -17.65% 13
North East -9 13 £395 +23.44%
North West -44 13 £350 -4.11% 10
Scotland -64 12 £395 +6.76% 5
Wales -6 9 £400 +18.52% 4

For the 6 months to 23 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 530 (90.44%) Selenium
2 501 (85.49%) Test Automation
3 462 (78.84%) Agile Software Development
4 292 (49.83%) Java
5 285 (48.63%) Cucumber
6 284 (48.46%) BDD
7 204 (34.81%) TDD
8 177 (30.20%) QA
9 173 (29.52%) JIRA
10 169 (28.84%) JavaScript
11 168 (28.67%) C#
12 157 (26.79%) Scrum
13 150 (25.60%) SQL
14 147 (25.09%) Jenkins
15 140 (23.89%) Continuous Integration
16 111 (18.94%) Finance
17 103 (17.58%) Test Scripting
18 101 (17.24%) SpecFlow
19 98 (16.72%) SoapUI
19 98 (16.72%) Git (software)
20 88 (15.02%) DevOps
21 85 (14.51%) Confluence
22 82 (13.99%) RESTful
23 76 (12.97%) Performance Testing
23 76 (12.97%) Regression Testing
24 75 (12.80%) Gherkin
25 72 (12.29%) Web Services
25 72 (12.29%) SDET
26 69 (11.77%) E-Commerce
27 68 (11.60%) Functional Testing

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (14.51%) Confluence
2 17 (2.90%) CMS
3 15 (2.56%) Tomcat
4 11 (1.88%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (1.54%) Documentum
5 9 (1.54%) WebSphere
6 7 (1.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 7 (1.19%) Sitecore CMS
6 7 (1.19%) WebLogic
7 5 (0.85%) Apache Spark
7 5 (0.85%) Jetty
8 3 (0.51%) Cloud Foundry
8 3 (0.51%) Umbraco
9 2 (0.34%) Apache
9 2 (0.34%) ColdFusion
9 2 (0.34%) JBoss
9 2 (0.34%) OpenCms
9 2 (0.34%) Oracle Coherence
9 2 (0.34%) WordPress
10 1 (0.17%) ATG Dynamo
Applications
1 3 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.17%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.17%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 12 (2.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.85%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 37 (6.31%) Amazon AWS
2 33 (5.63%) BrowserStack
3 29 (4.95%) Sauce Labs
4 16 (2.73%) GitHub
5 15 (2.56%) Microsoft Azure
6 7 (1.19%) Slack
7 6 (1.02%) Google Cloud Platform
7 6 (1.02%) Heroku
8 5 (0.85%) Cloud Computing
9 4 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
9 4 (0.68%) vREST
10 3 (0.51%) DigitalOcean
10 3 (0.51%) IaaS
11 2 (0.34%) Adobe Analytics
11 2 (0.34%) Amazon EC2
11 2 (0.34%) AWS Lambda
11 2 (0.34%) Google Analytics
11 2 (0.34%) Serverless
12 1 (0.17%) npm
12 1 (0.17%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 27 (4.61%) Internet
2 7 (1.19%) HTTP
3 6 (1.02%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.85%) 3G
4 5 (0.85%) DHCP
4 5 (0.85%) DNS
4 5 (0.85%) ICMP
4 5 (0.85%) LTE
5 4 (0.68%) SMS
6 2 (0.34%) Broadband
6 2 (0.34%) LAN
6 2 (0.34%) WAN
7 1 (0.17%) 4G
7 1 (0.17%) 5G
7 1 (0.17%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (3.92%) SQL Server
2 21 (3.58%) PostgreSQL
3 16 (2.73%) MongoDB
4 12 (2.05%) Hadoop
4 12 (2.05%) Redis
5 10 (1.71%) DB2
6 9 (1.54%) Big Data
6 9 (1.54%) MySQL
6 9 (1.54%) Relational Database
7 7 (1.19%) DbVisualizer
8 5 (0.85%) Apache Hive
8 5 (0.85%) Data Warehouse
8 5 (0.85%) NoSQL
9 4 (0.68%) Oracle Database
10 2 (0.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 2 (0.34%) BigQuery
10 2 (0.34%) Oracle Database 10g
10 2 (0.34%) Oracle Database 11g
10 2 (0.34%) Oracle8/8i Database
11 1 (0.17%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 530 (90.44%) Selenium
2 285 (48.63%) Cucumber
3 173 (29.52%) JIRA
4 147 (25.09%) Jenkins
5 101 (17.24%) SpecFlow
6 98 (16.72%) Git (software)
6 98 (16.72%) SoapUI
7 62 (10.58%) JMeter
8 61 (10.41%) JUnit
9 57 (9.73%) Protractor
10 52 (8.87%) Appium
11 48 (8.19%) Maven
12 38 (6.48%) TeamCity
12 38 (6.48%) TestNG
13 35 (5.97%) Jasmine
14 34 (5.80%) Visual Studio
15 33 (5.63%) Team Foundation Server
16 30 (5.12%) HP UFT
17 28 (4.78%) JBehave
17 28 (4.78%) NUnit
General
1 111 (18.94%) Finance
2 42 (7.17%) Retail
3 41 (7.00%) Banking
4 17 (2.90%) Telecoms
5 14 (2.39%) Advertising
6 10 (1.71%) Marketing
7 8 (1.37%) Investment Banking
8 6 (1.02%) Games
8 6 (1.02%) Law
9 4 (0.68%) Back Office
9 4 (0.68%) Corporate Banking
9 4 (0.68%) Financial Institution
9 4 (0.68%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.51%) Front Office
10 3 (0.51%) Publishing
11 2 (0.34%) Electronics
11 2 (0.34%) Military
12 1 (0.17%) Automotive
12 1 (0.17%) Digital Economy
12 1 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 187 (31.91%) Tester
2 145 (24.74%) Automation Tester
3 123 (20.99%) Analyst
4 118 (20.14%) Test Analyst
5 110 (18.77%) Developer
6 83 (14.16%) Test Engineer
7 73 (12.46%) Automation Test Analyst
8 54 (9.22%) Developer in Test
9 49 (8.36%) Test Automation Engineer
10 45 (7.68%) QA Engineer
11 36 (6.14%) QA Tester
11 36 (6.14%) Selenium Tester
12 32 (5.46%) Selenium Automation Tester
13 30 (5.12%) QA Automation Engineer
14 29 (4.95%) JavaScript Developer
14 29 (4.95%) Selenium Test Analyst
15 25 (4.27%) Agile Tester
15 25 (4.27%) QA Automation Tester
16 24 (4.10%) Java Developer
17 23 (3.92%) Java Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (13.99%) RESTful
2 75 (12.80%) Gherkin
3 72 (12.29%) Web Services
4 65 (11.09%) .NET
5 61 (10.41%) REST
6 55 (9.39%) Node.js
7 52 (8.87%) HTML
8 51 (8.70%) SOAP
9 43 (7.34%) CSS
10 37 (6.31%) XML
11 31 (5.29%) React
12 29 (4.95%) JSON
13 27 (4.61%) AngularJS
14 23 (3.92%) Sass
15 22 (3.75%) Spring
16 20 (3.41%) HTML5
17 18 (3.07%) CSS3
17 18 (3.07%) jQuery
18 17 (2.90%) LESS
19 14 (2.39%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 35 (5.97%) Analytical Skills
2 30 (5.12%) Mobile App
3 28 (4.78%) User Experience
4 24 (4.10%) Greenfield Project
5 19 (3.24%) Self-Motivation
6 17 (2.90%) Linux Command Line
6 17 (2.90%) Mainframe
7 15 (2.56%) Fintech
8 10 (1.71%) Computer Science
9 7 (1.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 7 (1.19%) PlayStation
10 6 (1.02%) Management Information System
10 6 (1.02%) RIA
11 4 (0.68%) Digital Media
11 4 (0.68%) Grid Computing
11 4 (0.68%) Hedge funds
11 4 (0.68%) Video on Demand
12 3 (0.51%) Enterprise Software
12 3 (0.51%) Robotics
12 3 (0.51%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 46 (7.85%) Linux
2 43 (7.34%) Unix
3 33 (5.63%) Windows
4 27 (4.61%) Android
5 25 (4.27%) Apple iOS
6 13 (2.22%) Mac OS X
7 4 (0.68%) Debian
7 4 (0.68%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.34%) Kali Linux
8 2 (0.34%) Windows 2000
8 2 (0.34%) Windows Vista
9 1 (0.17%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.17%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 501 (85.49%) Test Automation
2 462 (78.84%) Agile Software Development
3 284 (48.46%) BDD
4 204 (34.81%) TDD
5 157 (26.79%) Scrum
6 140 (23.89%) Continuous Integration
7 103 (17.58%) Test Scripting
8 88 (15.02%) DevOps
9 76 (12.97%) Performance Testing
9 76 (12.97%) Regression Testing
10 72 (12.29%) SDET
11 69 (11.77%) E-Commerce
12 68 (11.60%) Functional Testing
13 65 (11.09%) API Testing
14 62 (10.58%) Continuous Delivery
15 59 (10.07%) Open Source
16 56 (9.56%) Problem-Solving
17 55 (9.39%) Acceptance Criteria
17 55 (9.39%) Test Strategy
18 47 (8.02%) Exploratory Testing
Programming Languages
1 292 (49.83%) Java
2 169 (28.84%) JavaScript
3 168 (28.67%) C#
4 150 (25.60%) SQL
5 55 (9.39%) Python
6 48 (8.19%) Ruby
7 26 (4.44%) Scala
8 15 (2.56%) Java 8
9 13 (2.22%) PL/SQL
10 12 (2.05%) Apple Swift
10 12 (2.05%) Perl
11 9 (1.54%) Groovy
11 9 (1.54%) Shell Script
12 8 (1.37%) PowerShell
12 8 (1.37%) T-SQL
13 6 (1.02%) PHP
14 5 (0.85%) Bash Shell
14 5 (0.85%) C
14 5 (0.85%) C++
14 5 (0.85%) ES6
Qualifications
1 42 (7.17%) Security Cleared
2 37 (6.31%) ISTQB
3 32 (5.46%) SC Cleared
4 27 (4.61%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 25 (4.27%) Degree
6 18 (3.07%) ISEB
7 4 (0.68%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (0.51%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.51%) HNC
8 3 (0.51%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 2 (0.34%) BC Cleared
9 2 (0.34%) ISEB Practitioner
9 2 (0.34%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
10 1 (0.17%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.17%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 177 (30.20%) QA
2 5 (0.85%) GDPR
3 4 (0.68%) WCAG
4 2 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.17%) Data Quality
System Software
1 57 (9.73%) Docker
2 5 (0.85%) Apache Flume
3 4 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.17%) ACF2
5 1 (0.17%) RACF
Systems Management
1 23 (3.92%) HP Quality Center
2 16 (2.73%) HP ALM
3 12 (2.05%) Puppet
4 10 (1.71%) Kibana
5 6 (1.02%) Ansible
5 6 (1.02%) logstash
6 5 (0.85%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (0.68%) Grafana
7 4 (0.68%) Terraform
8 2 (0.34%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 2 (0.34%) Rancher
9 1 (0.17%) Nagios
Vendors
1 37 (6.31%) HP
2 26 (4.44%) Atlassian
2 26 (4.44%) Microsoft
3 22 (3.75%) Oracle
4 14 (2.39%) IBM
5 11 (1.88%) Google
6 10 (1.71%) Pega
7 8 (1.37%) Capita
8 7 (1.19%) Adobe
8 7 (1.19%) Sitecore
9 6 (1.02%) Citrix
10 5 (0.85%) hybris
11 3 (0.51%) Blue Prism
11 3 (0.51%) ServiceNow
12 2 (0.34%) New Relic
12 2 (0.34%) Roku
12 2 (0.34%) SAP
12 2 (0.34%) SOASTA, Inc
12 2 (0.34%) Splunk
12 2 (0.34%) Xamarin