Period
to 17 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 17 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK
6 months to
17 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 382 348 440
Rank change year-on-year -34 +92 -4
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 620 734 555
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.60% 0.69% 0.48%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.23% 4.20% 3.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 430 518 401
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £292 £266 £258
90th Percentile £575 £525 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £365 £350 £325
% change year-on-year +4.29% +7.69% -7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 3 0
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £42.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.76% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £42.50 -
% change year-on-year +11.76% - -

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19200 17494 16364
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.68% 16.51% 14.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 13374 11774 10881
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £600 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +2.50% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 286 252 335
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £29.00 £24.10 £24.23
90th Percentile £60.50 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 17 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 17 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the UK over the 6 months to 17 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -31 597 £425 +6.25% 83
UK excluding London 0 320 £365 +4.29% 46
London -55 292 £463 +8.82% 38
North of England +60 114 £370 +5.71% 18
South East -22 71 £388 +10.56% 9
Yorkshire +31 58 £375 +7.14% 7
Midlands +23 57 £394 +5.00% 10
East Midlands +6 39 £380 -10.59% 6
East of England -29 34 £344 +5.77% 5
North East +69 33 £350 +14.75%
South West +1 30 £350 +2.94% 3
North West +19 22 £356 -9.81% 11
West Midlands +16 18 £495 +41.43% 4
Scotland -17 9 £350 -13.58%
Wales +7 5 £308 -31.67% 1
Northern Ireland -42 1 £288 -11.54%

For the 6 months to 17 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 578 (93.23%) Selenium
2 526 (84.84%) Test Automation
3 485 (78.23%) Agile Software Development
4 389 (62.74%) Java
5 304 (49.03%) Cucumber
6 300 (48.39%) BDD
7 199 (32.10%) JavaScript
8 194 (31.29%) Scrum
9 191 (30.81%) TDD
9 191 (30.81%) Jenkins
10 184 (29.68%) QA
11 161 (25.97%) JIRA
12 160 (25.81%) C#
13 123 (19.84%) Continuous Integration
14 120 (19.35%) Git (software)
15 114 (18.39%) Web Services
16 110 (17.74%) HTML
17 104 (16.77%) Test Scripting
18 100 (16.13%) Gherkin
18 100 (16.13%) SQL
19 96 (15.48%) RESTful
20 95 (15.32%) Finance
21 91 (14.68%) CSS
22 85 (13.71%) Test Strategy
23 83 (13.39%) E-Commerce
24 80 (12.90%) .NET
25 78 (12.58%) Python
26 74 (11.94%) API Testing
27 73 (11.77%) Confluence
28 70 (11.29%) SpecFlow

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (11.77%) Confluence
2 19 (3.06%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (2.58%) WebSphere
4 15 (2.42%) CMS
4 15 (2.42%) Tomcat
5 7 (1.13%) Apache Spark
6 5 (0.81%) Sitecore CMS
7 4 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.48%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.32%) Apache Pig
9 2 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.32%) ColdFusion
9 2 (0.32%) SAS
10 1 (0.16%) Apache
10 1 (0.16%) EPiServer
10 1 (0.16%) JBoss
10 1 (0.16%) nginx
Applications
1 2 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (0.32%) Mingle
2 1 (0.16%) HipChat
2 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 12 (1.94%) Magento
2 1 (0.16%) CSG Singleview
2 1 (0.16%) OpenText Process Suite
Cloud Services
1 35 (5.65%) Amazon AWS
2 22 (3.55%) GitHub
3 20 (3.23%) Sauce Labs
4 16 (2.58%) Microsoft Azure
5 12 (1.94%) Heroku
6 11 (1.77%) BrowserStack
7 10 (1.61%) npm
7 10 (1.61%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
7 10 (1.61%) Salesforce Service Cloud
8 7 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
9 4 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
9 4 (0.65%) IaaS
9 4 (0.65%) PaaS
10 3 (0.48%) AWS Lambda
10 3 (0.48%) Serverless
11 2 (0.32%) vREST
12 1 (0.16%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 1 (0.16%) Amazon ELB
12 1 (0.16%) Basecamp
12 1 (0.16%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 34 (5.48%) Internet
2 8 (1.29%) HTTP
3 3 (0.48%) PuTTY
3 3 (0.48%) WinSCP
4 2 (0.32%) Ethernet
4 2 (0.32%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.16%) DSL
5 1 (0.16%) Skype
5 1 (0.16%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (3.71%) Relational Database
2 21 (3.39%) DB2
2 21 (3.39%) MongoDB
3 20 (3.23%) SQL Server
4 19 (3.06%) Big Data
5 18 (2.90%) Redis
6 15 (2.42%) RDBMS
7 12 (1.94%) DbVisualizer
7 12 (1.94%) MySQL
8 10 (1.61%) Hadoop
9 9 (1.45%) Apache Hive
9 9 (1.45%) Oracle Database
10 8 (1.29%) NoSQL
11 7 (1.13%) PostgreSQL
12 3 (0.48%) HBase
13 2 (0.32%) Impala
14 1 (0.16%) BusinessObjects Business Intelligence
14 1 (0.16%) Hazelcast
14 1 (0.16%) Power BI
14 1 (0.16%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 578 (93.23%) Selenium
2 304 (49.03%) Cucumber
3 191 (30.81%) Jenkins
4 161 (25.97%) JIRA
5 120 (19.35%) Git (software)
6 70 (11.29%) JUnit
6 70 (11.29%) SpecFlow
7 68 (10.97%) SoapUI
8 55 (8.87%) Protractor
9 53 (8.55%) Maven
10 51 (8.23%) Appium
11 48 (7.74%) JMeter
12 42 (6.77%) Jasmine
13 39 (6.29%) Subversion
14 38 (6.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 36 (5.81%) NUnit
16 30 (4.84%) gulp
16 30 (4.84%) Hudson
16 30 (4.84%) TestNG
17 28 (4.52%) Bitbucket
General
1 95 (15.32%) Finance
2 68 (10.97%) Retail
3 45 (7.26%) Banking
4 33 (5.32%) Games
5 24 (3.87%) Investment Banking
6 20 (3.23%) Marketing
7 19 (3.06%) Telecoms
8 17 (2.74%) Front Office
9 14 (2.26%) Manufacturing
10 11 (1.77%) Corporate Banking
11 10 (1.61%) Electronics
12 8 (1.29%) Advertising
12 8 (1.29%) Law
13 7 (1.13%) Publishing
14 5 (0.81%) Automotive
15 3 (0.48%) Retail Banking
16 1 (0.16%) Aerospace
16 1 (0.16%) Billing
16 1 (0.16%) Digital Economy
16 1 (0.16%) Legal
Job Titles
1 215 (34.68%) Tester
2 175 (28.23%) Automation Tester
3 138 (22.26%) Developer
4 96 (15.48%) Analyst
5 86 (13.87%) Test Analyst
6 78 (12.58%) Test Engineer
7 61 (9.84%) Selenium Tester
8 57 (9.19%) Selenium Automation Tester
9 56 (9.03%) Test Automation Engineer
10 53 (8.55%) Automation Test Analyst
11 48 (7.74%) Developer in Test
11 48 (7.74%) Java Automation Tester
12 45 (7.26%) QA Tester
13 43 (6.94%) QA Engineer
14 35 (5.65%) Java Developer
14 35 (5.65%) JavaScript Developer
15 28 (4.52%) Java Engineer
16 27 (4.35%) Selenium Test Analyst
16 27 (4.35%) Senior Analyst
17 24 (3.87%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 114 (18.39%) Web Services
2 110 (17.74%) HTML
3 100 (16.13%) Gherkin
4 96 (15.48%) RESTful
5 91 (14.68%) CSS
6 80 (12.90%) .NET
7 65 (10.48%) REST
8 64 (10.32%) SOAP
9 63 (10.16%) Node.js
10 60 (9.68%) HTML5
11 59 (9.52%) XML
12 58 (9.35%) AngularJS
13 50 (8.06%) React
14 45 (7.26%) JSON
15 34 (5.48%) CSS3
16 30 (4.84%) Sass
17 22 (3.55%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 21 (3.39%) LESS
19 19 (3.06%) jQuery
19 19 (3.06%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 50 (8.06%) Analytical Skills
2 39 (6.29%) Greenfield Project
2 39 (6.29%) Mobile App
3 26 (4.19%) User Experience
4 22 (3.55%) Computer Science
5 10 (1.61%) Fintech
6 9 (1.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 7 (1.13%) Linux Command Line
7 7 (1.13%) Virtual Team
8 6 (0.97%) PlayStation
9 5 (0.81%) Credit Risk
9 5 (0.81%) RIA
10 4 (0.65%) Enterprise Software
11 3 (0.48%) Mainframe
11 3 (0.48%) Public Cloud
11 3 (0.48%) Smartphone
12 2 (0.32%) Life Science
12 2 (0.32%) Management Information System
12 2 (0.32%) W3C
13 1 (0.16%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 51 (8.23%) Unix
2 37 (5.97%) Android
2 37 (5.97%) Apple iOS
3 35 (5.65%) Windows
4 27 (4.35%) Linux
5 17 (2.74%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.16%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 526 (84.84%) Test Automation
2 485 (78.23%) Agile Software Development
3 300 (48.39%) BDD
4 194 (31.29%) Scrum
5 191 (30.81%) TDD
6 123 (19.84%) Continuous Integration
7 104 (16.77%) Test Scripting
8 85 (13.71%) Test Strategy
9 83 (13.39%) E-Commerce
10 74 (11.94%) API Testing
11 69 (11.13%) Open Source
12 65 (10.48%) Continuous Delivery
13 61 (9.84%) Regression Testing
14 60 (9.68%) OO
15 58 (9.35%) SDET
16 55 (8.87%) SDLC
17 52 (8.39%) DevOps
18 51 (8.23%) Kanban
18 51 (8.23%) Software Testing
19 49 (7.90%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 389 (62.74%) Java
2 199 (32.10%) JavaScript
3 160 (25.81%) C#
4 100 (16.13%) SQL
5 78 (12.58%) Python
6 69 (11.13%) Ruby
7 50 (8.06%) Scala
8 20 (3.23%) PHP
9 18 (2.90%) Groovy
10 17 (2.74%) Apple Swift
11 16 (2.58%) TypeScript
12 13 (2.10%) Bash Shell
13 10 (1.61%) Apex Code
13 10 (1.61%) SOQL
14 8 (1.29%) Perl
15 5 (0.81%) ES6
15 5 (0.81%) PL/SQL
15 5 (0.81%) T-SQL
16 4 (0.65%) Shell Script
17 3 (0.48%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 42 (6.77%) ISTQB
2 38 (6.13%) ISEB
3 30 (4.84%) Security Cleared
4 25 (4.03%) Degree
5 18 (2.90%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 18 (2.90%) SC Cleared
6 11 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
6 11 (1.77%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.32%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.32%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 184 (29.68%) QA
2 16 (2.58%) WCAG
System Software
1 42 (6.77%) Docker
2 7 (1.13%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 33 (5.32%) HP Quality Center
2 17 (2.74%) Puppet
3 7 (1.13%) Ansible
3 7 (1.13%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (0.65%) Kibana
5 2 (0.32%) HP Fortify
6 1 (0.16%) Business Desktop Deployment
6 1 (0.16%) Grafana
6 1 (0.16%) logstash
6 1 (0.16%) Marathon
6 1 (0.16%) Mesos
6 1 (0.16%) Nagios
6 1 (0.16%) Prometheus
6 1 (0.16%) Rundeck
6 1 (0.16%) Terraform
Vendors
1 42 (6.77%) Oracle
2 38 (6.13%) Atlassian
3 34 (5.48%) HP
4 18 (2.90%) hybris
5 15 (2.42%) IBM
5 15 (2.42%) Microsoft
6 12 (1.94%) SAP
7 10 (1.61%) Salesforce.com
8 8 (1.29%) Sitecore
9 6 (0.97%) Pega
10 5 (0.81%) Perforce
11 3 (0.48%) Google
11 3 (0.48%) OpenText
11 3 (0.48%) SaltStack
11 3 (0.48%) Siebel
11 3 (0.48%) Sonatype
11 3 (0.48%) TOWER Software
11 3 (0.48%) Twitter
12 2 (0.32%) Adobe
12 2 (0.32%) Capita