Period
to 18 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 435 378 353
Rank change year-on-year -57 -25 +62
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 466 663 650
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.50% 0.64% 0.68%
As % of the Development Applications category 2.59% 3.19% 3.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 345 489 441
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.96%
10th Percentile £332 £306 £288
90th Percentile £563 £553 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £433 £393 £350
% change year-on-year +10.19% +12.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 7
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.00% +5.26% +9.20%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year -30.00% +5.26% +9.20%

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 17,999 20,760 16,709
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.43% 20.06% 17.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,824 14,267 11,367
UK median daily rate £475 £468 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.60% +6.86% +2.94%
10th Percentile £331 £319 £306
90th Percentile £638 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 308 237 333
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% - -
10th Percentile £27.15 £26.40 £28.75
90th Percentile £55.00 £59.25 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.18% - -

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the UK over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -59 434 £450 +5.88% 120
UK excluding London +12 254 £433 +10.19% 93
London -59 209 £454 +0.89% 36
South East +40 76 £460 +15.00% 31
North of England +18 64 £423 +17.36% 26
Midlands -18 34 £438 +9.38% 10
North West +30 32 £425 +13.33% 12
South West -10 31 £406 +1.56% 9
West Midlands -17 31 £438 +9.38% 7
Scotland +24 25 £475 +26.67% 6
Yorkshire -9 22 £380 +5.56% 13
East of England +15 20 £425 +30.77% 8
North East +19 10 £450 +28.57% 1
Wales -2 4 £400 -3.03% 1
East Midlands +13 3 £298 -11.85% 3

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 414 (88.84%) Test Automation
2 408 (87.55%) Selenium
3 306 (65.67%) Agile Software Development
4 260 (55.79%) Cucumber
5 242 (51.93%) Java
6 207 (44.42%) BDD
7 148 (31.76%) QA
8 143 (30.69%) C#
9 137 (29.40%) JavaScript
9 137 (29.40%) Jenkins
10 122 (26.18%) TDD
11 117 (25.11%) Scrum
12 110 (23.61%) Continuous Integration
13 108 (23.18%) SpecFlow
14 102 (21.89%) JMeter
15 96 (20.60%) JIRA
16 92 (19.74%) Test Strategy
17 91 (19.53%) DevOps
18 87 (18.67%) SDET
19 85 (18.24%) Manual Testing
20 82 (17.60%) Gherkin
21 80 (17.17%) Git (software)
21 80 (17.17%) Web Services
22 76 (16.31%) Regression Testing
23 75 (16.09%) .NET
23 75 (16.09%) Performance Testing
24 70 (15.02%) SQL
25 68 (14.59%) API Testing
26 67 (14.38%) RESTful
26 67 (14.38%) REST

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (9.23%) Confluence
2 8 (1.72%) SharePoint
3 6 (1.29%) Elasticsearch
3 6 (1.29%) WebSphere
4 4 (0.86%) CMS
5 3 (0.64%) Apache
5 3 (0.64%) Apache Spark
6 1 (0.21%) Cloud Foundry
6 1 (0.21%) Drupal
6 1 (0.21%) IIS
6 1 (0.21%) Jetty
6 1 (0.21%) nginx
6 1 (0.21%) Tomcat
Applications
1 1 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 13 (2.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.86%) Magento
3 1 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 66 (14.16%) Microsoft Azure
2 29 (6.22%) Amazon AWS
3 19 (4.08%) BrowserStack
3 19 (4.08%) Sauce Labs
4 16 (3.43%) GitHub
4 16 (3.43%) Google Cloud Platform
5 11 (2.36%) Dynamics 365
6 7 (1.50%) PaaS
7 6 (1.29%) IaaS
8 5 (1.07%) Azure ExpressRoute
8 5 (1.07%) Azure Functions
8 5 (1.07%) BlazeMeter
8 5 (1.07%) Serverless
9 4 (0.86%) Amazon EC2
9 4 (0.86%) Amazon S3
10 3 (0.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 3 (0.64%) AWS CloudTrail
10 3 (0.64%) Datadog
10 3 (0.64%) Office 365
10 3 (0.64%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 14 (3.00%) HTTP
2 5 (1.07%) Internet
3 3 (0.64%) Intranet
4 2 (0.43%) HTTPS
4 2 (0.43%) SSH
5 1 (0.21%) BIG-IP
5 1 (0.21%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (6.01%) SQL Server
2 21 (4.51%) PostgreSQL
3 17 (3.65%) MongoDB
4 10 (2.15%) Relational Database
5 8 (1.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 8 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
6 6 (1.29%) Hadoop
7 5 (1.07%) MySQL
7 5 (1.07%) Oracle Database
7 5 (1.07%) Redis
8 4 (0.86%) Amazon RDS
8 4 (0.86%) Big Data
8 4 (0.86%) Blockchain
8 4 (0.86%) DB2
8 4 (0.86%) DbVisualizer
8 4 (0.86%) RDBMS
9 3 (0.64%) Apache Hive
9 3 (0.64%) Data Lake
9 3 (0.64%) Electronic Patient Records
9 3 (0.64%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 408 (87.55%) Selenium
2 260 (55.79%) Cucumber
3 137 (29.40%) Jenkins
4 108 (23.18%) SpecFlow
5 102 (21.89%) JMeter
6 96 (20.60%) JIRA
7 80 (17.17%) Git (software)
8 58 (12.45%) Visual Studio
9 50 (10.73%) Appium
10 46 (9.87%) SoapUI
11 42 (9.01%) Gatling
12 40 (8.58%) TeamCity
13 34 (7.30%) Visual Studio Team System
14 33 (7.08%) JUnit
15 25 (5.36%) Maven
16 24 (5.15%) Mocha
17 22 (4.72%) Protractor
17 22 (4.72%) Team Foundation Server
18 15 (3.22%) Gradle
18 15 (3.22%) TestNG
General
1 57 (12.23%) Finance
2 23 (4.94%) Retail
3 20 (4.29%) Banking
4 11 (2.36%) Games
5 10 (2.15%) Manufacturing
6 6 (1.29%) Legal
6 6 (1.29%) Telecoms
7 5 (1.07%) Marketing
8 4 (0.86%) Advertising
8 4 (0.86%) Back Office
9 3 (0.64%) Electronics
9 3 (0.64%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.64%) Retail Banking
10 2 (0.43%) Publishing
11 1 (0.21%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.21%) Front Office
11 1 (0.21%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 137 (29.40%) Tester
2 121 (25.97%) Automation Tester
3 112 (24.03%) Analyst
4 107 (22.96%) Test Analyst
5 69 (14.81%) Automation Test Analyst
6 63 (13.52%) QA Engineer
7 56 (12.02%) Developer
8 49 (10.52%) Test Engineer
9 40 (8.58%) Selenium Tester
10 39 (8.37%) Selenium Automation Tester
10 39 (8.37%) Test Automation Engineer
11 36 (7.73%) Developer in Test
12 35 (7.51%) Java Automation Tester
13 24 (5.15%) QA Leader
14 16 (3.43%) Automation Engineer
14 16 (3.43%) Java Developer
14 16 (3.43%) Software Developer
14 16 (3.43%) Test Leader
15 14 (3.00%) QA Automation Engineer
15 14 (3.00%) Test Automation Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (17.60%) Gherkin
2 80 (17.17%) Web Services
3 75 (16.09%) .NET
4 67 (14.38%) REST
4 67 (14.38%) RESTful
5 52 (11.16%) CSS
6 41 (8.80%) WebdriverIO
7 37 (7.94%) HTML
8 36 (7.73%) SOAP
9 31 (6.65%) AngularJS
10 28 (6.01%) Node.js
11 25 (5.36%) Spring
12 21 (4.51%) JSON
12 21 (4.51%) React
13 12 (2.58%) Nightwatchjs
14 11 (2.36%) .NET Framework
14 11 (2.36%) Sass
14 11 (2.36%) XML
15 9 (1.93%) .NET Core
15 9 (1.93%) ActiveMQ
Miscellaneous
1 35 (7.51%) Analytical Skills
2 29 (6.22%) Mobile App
3 17 (3.65%) Greenfield Project
4 10 (2.15%) Algorithms
4 10 (2.15%) Data Structures
4 10 (2.15%) NHS
4 10 (2.15%) User Experience
4 10 (2.15%) Virtual Team
5 9 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
6 6 (1.29%) Life Science
7 5 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 3 (0.64%) Online Games
9 2 (0.43%) Equities
9 2 (0.43%) Hedge funds
10 1 (0.21%) BBC
10 1 (0.21%) Data Centre
10 1 (0.21%) Management Information System
10 1 (0.21%) Mobile Banking
10 1 (0.21%) New Media
10 1 (0.21%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 32 (6.87%) Android
1 32 (6.87%) Apple iOS
2 24 (5.15%) Windows
3 18 (3.86%) Unix
4 10 (2.15%) Mac OS
4 10 (2.15%) Mac OS X
5 6 (1.29%) Linux
6 3 (0.64%) Windows 10
7 2 (0.43%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.21%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 414 (88.84%) Test Automation
2 306 (65.67%) Agile Software Development
3 207 (44.42%) BDD
4 122 (26.18%) TDD
5 117 (25.11%) Scrum
6 110 (23.61%) Continuous Integration
7 92 (19.74%) Test Strategy
8 91 (19.53%) DevOps
9 87 (18.67%) SDET
10 85 (18.24%) Manual Testing
11 76 (16.31%) Regression Testing
12 75 (16.09%) Performance Testing
13 68 (14.59%) API Testing
14 65 (13.95%) Test Scripting
15 46 (9.87%) Non-Functional Testing
16 43 (9.23%) Integration Testing
17 40 (8.58%) Microservices
18 39 (8.37%) E-Commerce
18 39 (8.37%) Problem-Solving
19 38 (8.15%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 242 (51.93%) Java
2 143 (30.69%) C#
3 137 (29.40%) JavaScript
4 70 (15.02%) SQL
5 39 (8.37%) Python
6 17 (3.65%) Java 8
7 12 (2.58%) Groovy
7 12 (2.58%) Scala
8 11 (2.36%) PL/SQL
9 10 (2.15%) ES6
9 10 (2.15%) Ruby
9 10 (2.15%) Shell Script
10 9 (1.93%) C++
10 9 (1.93%) Go
10 9 (1.93%) TypeScript
11 6 (1.29%) Apple Swift
12 5 (1.07%) F#
12 5 (1.07%) T-SQL
13 4 (0.86%) Kotlin
14 2 (0.43%) C
Qualifications
1 35 (7.51%) Security Cleared
2 30 (6.44%) SC Cleared
3 23 (4.94%) ISTQB
4 12 (2.58%) Degree
4 12 (2.58%) ISEB
5 11 (2.36%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (1.50%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 5 (1.07%) Computer Science Degree
8 4 (0.86%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.21%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.21%) ISEB Practitioner
9 1 (0.21%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 1 (0.21%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 148 (31.76%) QA
2 4 (0.86%) HL7
2 4 (0.86%) WCAG
3 1 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.21%) GDPR
3 1 (0.21%) Section 508
System Software
1 38 (8.15%) Docker
2 3 (0.64%) HDFS
3 2 (0.43%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.21%) Postfix
4 1 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 21 (4.51%) Kubernetes
2 20 (4.29%) HP Quality Center
3 5 (1.07%) HP ALM
3 5 (1.07%) Terraform
4 4 (0.86%) Ansible
4 4 (0.86%) WebInspect
5 3 (0.64%) Hadoop YARN
5 3 (0.64%) Kibana
5 3 (0.64%) logstash
6 2 (0.43%) Marathon
6 2 (0.43%) Mesos
6 2 (0.43%) Microsoft Intune
6 2 (0.43%) SCCM
6 2 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.21%) Grafana
7 1 (0.21%) HAProxy
7 1 (0.21%) HockeyApp
7 1 (0.21%) Nessus
7 1 (0.21%) Puppet
7 1 (0.21%) Rancher
Vendors
1 50 (10.73%) Microsoft
2 32 (6.87%) HP
3 23 (4.94%) Cypress Semiconductor
4 20 (4.29%) IBM
5 15 (3.22%) Oracle
6 12 (2.58%) Google
7 8 (1.72%) Atlassian
8 7 (1.50%) hybris
9 6 (1.29%) Red Hat
9 6 (1.29%) SAP
9 6 (1.29%) Splunk
10 4 (0.86%) New Relic
11 3 (0.64%) Databricks
11 3 (0.64%) Pega
12 2 (0.43%) ATG
12 2 (0.43%) Citrix
12 2 (0.43%) ESRI
12 2 (0.43%) Sonatype
13 1 (0.21%) BT
13 1 (0.21%) McAfee