Period
to 17 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 17 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK
6 months to
17 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 337 392 352
Rank change year-on-year +55 -40 +92
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 754 620 734
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.73% 0.60% 0.69%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.46% 3.24% 4.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 567 430 518
UK median daily rate £445 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.71% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £300 £292 £266
90th Percentile £538 £575 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £365 £350
% change year-on-year +13.01% +4.29% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 3
UK median hourly rate - £47.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +11.76% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £47.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year - +11.76% -

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 21,776 19,141 17,355
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.12% 18.61% 16.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,931 13,342 11,683
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £410 £400
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 232 285 252
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £26.53 £29.00 £24.10
90th Percentile £53.75 £60.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in the UK

WebDriver
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the UK over the 6 months to 17 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +42 708 £450 +5.88% 166
London +74 396 £455 -1.62% 57
UK excluding London +14 352 £413 +13.01% 120
North of England -34 99 £423 +14.19% 30
South East +4 85 £400 +3.23% 32
Midlands +5 79 £431 +9.52% 20
West Midlands +28 70 £450 -9.09% 15
Yorkshire -16 51 £375 - 11
North West +11 42 £425 +19.30% 12
South West -18 37 £450 +28.57% 9
Scotland +7 19 £375 +7.14% 3
Wales -4 17 £425 +38.21% 6
East of England -19 14 £350 +1.82% 18
East Midlands -19 9 £364 -4.28% 5
North East -31 6 £413 +17.86% 7
Northern Ireland +34 3 £500 +73.91% 2

For the 6 months to 17 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 703 (93.24%) Selenium
2 671 (88.99%) Test Automation
3 507 (67.24%) Agile Software Development
4 434 (57.56%) Java
5 407 (53.98%) Cucumber
6 341 (45.23%) BDD
7 275 (36.47%) Jenkins
8 251 (33.29%) QA
9 247 (32.76%) Scrum
10 245 (32.49%) JavaScript
11 206 (27.32%) TDD
12 200 (26.53%) C#
13 181 (24.01%) Continuous Integration
14 177 (23.47%) JIRA
15 176 (23.34%) SDET
16 169 (22.41%) Git (software)
17 167 (22.15%) API Testing
18 159 (21.09%) Finance
19 137 (18.17%) Gherkin
20 132 (17.51%) .NET
21 122 (16.18%) REST
22 117 (15.52%) Maven
23 116 (15.38%) SQL
24 115 (15.25%) HTML
25 112 (14.85%) CSS
26 109 (14.46%) SpecFlow
27 107 (14.19%) RESTful
27 107 (14.19%) JMeter
28 101 (13.40%) SoapUI
29 100 (13.26%) Confluence

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 100 (13.26%) Confluence
2 19 (2.52%) CMS
3 12 (1.59%) Documentum
3 12 (1.59%) NServiceBus
4 9 (1.19%) Drupal
5 8 (1.06%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 8 (1.06%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (0.80%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
7 5 (0.66%) Jetty
7 5 (0.66%) Tomcat
8 4 (0.53%) Apache Spark
9 3 (0.40%) SAS
10 2 (0.27%) Apache
10 2 (0.27%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.27%) SharePoint
10 2 (0.27%) Sitecore CMS
11 1 (0.13%) CICS
11 1 (0.13%) nginx
11 1 (0.13%) WordPress
Applications
1 10 (1.33%) Fireworks
1 10 (1.33%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.13%) HipChat
Cloud Services
1 70 (9.28%) BrowserStack
2 69 (9.15%) GitHub
3 54 (7.16%) Sauce Labs
4 50 (6.63%) Amazon AWS
5 33 (4.38%) Microsoft Azure
6 18 (2.39%) Google Analytics
7 12 (1.59%) Google Cloud Platform
8 10 (1.33%) Slack
9 6 (0.80%) DigitalOcean
10 5 (0.66%) BlazeMeter
11 4 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
12 2 (0.27%) Adobe Analytics
12 2 (0.27%) Boomi
12 2 (0.27%) Trello
12 2 (0.27%) vREST
13 1 (0.13%) npm
13 1 (0.13%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 39 (5.17%) HTTP
2 27 (3.58%) Internet
3 11 (1.46%) VPN
4 10 (1.33%) Skype
5 9 (1.19%) HTTPS
6 3 (0.40%) BIG-IP
6 3 (0.40%) DNS
7 1 (0.13%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (7.03%) PostgreSQL
2 28 (3.71%) MongoDB
3 19 (2.52%) SQL Server
4 10 (1.33%) Relational Database
5 6 (0.80%) Big Data
5 6 (0.80%) Data Warehouse
5 6 (0.80%) DB2
5 6 (0.80%) Hadoop
5 6 (0.80%) MySQL
5 6 (0.80%) Oracle Database
6 4 (0.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 4 (0.53%) Apache Hive
6 4 (0.53%) Redis
7 3 (0.40%) Oracle Database 11g
7 3 (0.40%) Oracle Database 12c
8 1 (0.13%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 703 (93.24%) Selenium
2 407 (53.98%) Cucumber
3 275 (36.47%) Jenkins
4 177 (23.47%) JIRA
5 169 (22.41%) Git (software)
6 117 (15.52%) Maven
7 109 (14.46%) SpecFlow
8 107 (14.19%) JMeter
9 101 (13.40%) SoapUI
10 61 (8.09%) JUnit
11 57 (7.56%) Appium
12 45 (5.97%) Jasmine
13 41 (5.44%) Ant
14 39 (5.17%) Gatling
14 39 (5.17%) Visual Studio Team System
15 38 (5.04%) GitLab
16 35 (4.64%) gulp
16 35 (4.64%) Protractor
17 32 (4.24%) Mocha
18 30 (3.98%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 159 (21.09%) Finance
2 53 (7.03%) Banking
3 28 (3.71%) Retail
4 18 (2.39%) Marketing
5 14 (1.86%) Telecoms
6 13 (1.72%) Electronics
6 13 (1.72%) Manufacturing
7 12 (1.59%) Advertising
7 12 (1.59%) Games
8 7 (0.93%) Investment Banking
9 3 (0.40%) Law
10 1 (0.13%) Corporate Banking
10 1 (0.13%) Digital Economy
10 1 (0.13%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.13%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 282 (37.40%) Tester
2 236 (31.30%) Automation Tester
3 157 (20.82%) Developer
4 125 (16.58%) Test Engineer
5 99 (13.13%) Test Automation Engineer
6 94 (12.47%) Analyst
7 79 (10.48%) Test Analyst
8 72 (9.55%) Selenium Tester
9 69 (9.15%) Developer in Test
10 68 (9.02%) Selenium Automation Tester
11 63 (8.36%) Java Automation Tester
12 56 (7.43%) Automation Test Analyst
13 38 (5.04%) QA Tester
14 37 (4.91%) QA Engineer
15 34 (4.51%) Software Developer
16 32 (4.24%) Test Automation Developer
17 28 (3.71%) QA Automation Tester
18 26 (3.45%) Java Developer
19 23 (3.05%) Java Developer in Test
20 21 (2.79%) Senior Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 137 (18.17%) Gherkin
2 132 (17.51%) .NET
3 122 (16.18%) REST
4 115 (15.25%) HTML
5 112 (14.85%) CSS
6 107 (14.19%) RESTful
7 84 (11.14%) Node.js
8 73 (9.68%) Web Services
9 67 (8.89%) AngularJS
10 60 (7.96%) JSON
11 58 (7.69%) SOAP
12 52 (6.90%) HTML5
12 52 (6.90%) LESS
13 49 (6.50%) React
14 44 (5.84%) Sass
15 43 (5.70%) .NET Framework
16 42 (5.57%) XML
17 40 (5.31%) WebdriverIO
18 30 (3.98%) ASP.NET
19 29 (3.85%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 62 (8.22%) Analytical Skills
2 35 (4.64%) Mobile App
2 35 (4.64%) Self-Motivation
3 34 (4.51%) Greenfield Project
4 27 (3.58%) User Experience
5 20 (2.65%) Fintech
6 19 (2.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 11 (1.46%) Algorithms
8 10 (1.33%) Data Structures
8 10 (1.33%) Virtual Team
9 7 (0.93%) Computer Science
10 4 (0.53%) Management Information System
10 4 (0.53%) NHS
10 4 (0.53%) Video on Demand
11 3 (0.40%) Credit Risk
11 3 (0.40%) Video\Live Streaming
12 2 (0.27%) IVR
13 1 (0.13%) Equities
13 1 (0.13%) Replication
13 1 (0.13%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 49 (6.50%) Linux
2 45 (5.97%) Windows
3 29 (3.85%) Unix
4 25 (3.32%) Apple iOS
5 19 (2.52%) Android
6 17 (2.25%) Ubuntu
7 10 (1.33%) Mac OS
8 9 (1.19%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 671 (88.99%) Test Automation
2 507 (67.24%) Agile Software Development
3 341 (45.23%) BDD
4 247 (32.76%) Scrum
5 206 (27.32%) TDD
6 181 (24.01%) Continuous Integration
7 176 (23.34%) SDET
8 167 (22.15%) API Testing
9 91 (12.07%) OO
10 88 (11.67%) Manual Testing
11 80 (10.61%) Performance Testing
12 75 (9.95%) Test Scripting
13 72 (9.55%) DevOps
13 72 (9.55%) Kanban
14 69 (9.15%) Functional Testing
14 69 (9.15%) Test Strategy
15 68 (9.02%) OOP
16 65 (8.62%) E-Commerce
16 65 (8.62%) Microservices
16 65 (8.62%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 434 (57.56%) Java
2 245 (32.49%) JavaScript
3 200 (26.53%) C#
4 116 (15.38%) SQL
5 45 (5.97%) Ruby
6 43 (5.70%) Groovy
7 39 (5.17%) Python
8 31 (4.11%) Scala
9 22 (2.92%) Java 8
10 20 (2.65%) ES6
11 17 (2.25%) PHP
12 13 (1.72%) Bash Shell
12 13 (1.72%) Shell Script
13 12 (1.59%) PowerShell
13 12 (1.59%) TypeScript
14 11 (1.46%) C++
15 10 (1.33%) VBScript
16 8 (1.06%) PL/SQL
16 8 (1.06%) T-SQL
17 7 (0.93%) C
Qualifications
1 50 (6.63%) ISTQB
2 47 (6.23%) Security Cleared
3 41 (5.44%) SC Cleared
4 37 (4.91%) ISEB
5 26 (3.45%) Degree
6 13 (1.72%) BPSS Clearance
7 10 (1.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 6 (0.80%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.66%) Computer Science Degree
9 5 (0.66%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.53%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 2 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 251 (33.29%) QA
2 17 (2.25%) WCAG
3 4 (0.53%) Disclosure Scotland
3 4 (0.53%) GDPR
3 4 (0.53%) PMO
4 2 (0.27%) Data Quality
System Software
1 87 (11.54%) Docker
2 4 (0.53%) Apache Flume
3 3 (0.40%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 33 (4.38%) Kibana
2 26 (3.45%) Grafana
3 23 (3.05%) Puppet
4 19 (2.52%) HP Quality Center
5 16 (2.12%) Graphite
6 10 (1.33%) Kubernetes
7 9 (1.19%) WMI
8 8 (1.06%) logstash
9 6 (0.80%) Ansible
10 2 (0.27%) CA Wily
10 2 (0.27%) HP ALM
10 2 (0.27%) Rancher
11 1 (0.13%) Business Desktop Deployment
11 1 (0.13%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.13%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 65 (8.62%) Microsoft
2 31 (4.11%) Atlassian
3 29 (3.85%) Google
4 23 (3.05%) Oracle
5 18 (2.39%) Adobe
5 18 (2.39%) Cypress Semiconductor
6 16 (2.12%) Splunk
7 15 (1.99%) Pega
8 13 (1.72%) SAP
9 10 (1.33%) Perfecto Mobile
10 6 (0.80%) HP
11 5 (0.66%) hybris
11 5 (0.66%) Veracode
12 3 (0.40%) Bloomberg
12 3 (0.40%) F5
12 3 (0.40%) Reuters
12 3 (0.40%) Xamarin
13 2 (0.27%) AppDynamics
13 2 (0.27%) Dell
13 2 (0.27%) Sitecore