Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for C# skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited C# over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

C#
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 35 19 17
Rank change year-on-year -16 -2 -3
Contract jobs citing C# 2,812 4,240 7,694
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.36% 7.08% 7.98%
As % of the Programming Languages category 13.21% 17.46% 18.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,058 3,156 5,904
10th Percentile £320 £325 £325
25th Percentile £396 £381 £370
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £453 £450
Median % change year-on-year +4.78% +0.74% +2.27%
75th Percentile £602 £563 £538
90th Percentile £700 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £420 £416
% change year-on-year -3.57% +1.08% +10.80%
Number of hourly rates quoted 65 54 78
10th Percentile £31.60 £21.03 £22.00
25th Percentile £39.25 £39.75 £37.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.21 £43.00
Median % change year-on-year -2.61% +7.46% +0.58%
75th Percentile £50.72 £51.75 £48.45
90th Percentile £57.50 £54.63 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £42.93
% change year-on-year - +4.82% +2.22%

C# is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 21,293 24,286 41,540
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.57% 40.55% 43.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,003 17,073 29,369
10th Percentile £321 £325 £323
25th Percentile £400 £400 £394
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £485 £475
Median % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +2.70%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £445 £425
% change year-on-year -4.49% +4.71% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 459 462 635
10th Percentile £15.46 £17.28 £17.03
25th Percentile £25.00 £22.55 £24.38
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.30% +2.35% +6.25%
75th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.75
90th Percentile £61.05 £57.40 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £42.81
% change year-on-year -5.88% -0.72% +7.02%

C#
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C# as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C# in the UK

C#
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing C#.

Daily rate trend for C# in the UK

C#
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing C# over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for C# in the UK

C#
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing C#.

Hourly rate trend for C# in the UK

C#
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing C# over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for C# in the UK

C#
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing C# within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -16 2,333 £500 +5.26% 2,479
London -12 1,453 £560 +6.67% 743
UK excluding London -14 930 £405 -3.57% 1,937
Work from Home -23 734 £438 +2.94% 580
North of England -6 228 £400 +1.27% 555
South East -20 214 £425 - 427
North West +1 154 £400 - 303
Midlands -23 145 £375 -11.76% 360
Scotland -18 138 £415 +2.03% 111
South West -22 98 £450 +4.92% 205
West Midlands -23 90 £388 -18.42% 205
East of England -21 71 £425 - 186
Yorkshire -20 57 £384 +2.33% 191
East Midlands -11 49 £350 - 153
Wales -4 34 £420 -1.18% 63
North East +6 17 £413 -2.94% 61
Northern Ireland -2 2 £391 -13.46% 31

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing C# also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for C#.

1 1,923 (68.39%) .NET
2 1,183 (42.07%) Azure
3 1,028 (36.56%) Agile Software Development
4 964 (34.28%) SQL
5 833 (29.62%) JavaScript
6 711 (25.28%) SQL Server
6 711 (25.28%) DevOps
7 691 (24.57%) .NET Core
8 513 (18.24%) Software Engineering
9 508 (18.07%) Microsoft
10 476 (16.93%) Java
10 476 (16.93%) ASP.NET
11 462 (16.43%) TDD
12 452 (16.07%) Finance
13 448 (15.93%) Python
14 446 (15.86%) Microservices
15 413 (14.69%) AngularJS
16 405 (14.40%) HTML
17 404 (14.37%) C++
18 399 (14.19%) Test Automation
19 359 (12.77%) React
20 353 (12.55%) AWS
20 353 (12.55%) CSS
21 344 (12.23%) .NET Framework
22 323 (11.49%) Banking
23 320 (11.38%) MVC
24 317 (11.27%) Git (software)
25 298 (10.60%) Kubernetes
26 295 (10.49%) Front Office
27 286 (10.17%) ASP.NET Web API

C#
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 99 (3.52%) SharePoint
2 58 (2.06%) IIS
3 48 (1.71%) Confluence
4 38 (1.35%) Apache Spark
5 32 (1.14%) Apache
6 31 (1.10%) BizTalk Server
7 30 (1.07%) CMS
8 28 (1.00%) Elasticsearch
9 27 (0.96%) NServiceBus
10 26 (0.92%) Umbraco
11 16 (0.57%) EPiServer
12 15 (0.53%) Oracle Coherence
13 9 (0.32%) SAS
13 9 (0.32%) SharePoint 2013
14 8 (0.28%) Mendix
14 8 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 6 (0.21%) SharePoint 2010
16 5 (0.18%) JBoss
16 5 (0.18%) Jupyter
16 5 (0.18%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 37 (1.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.36%) Chatbot
4 7 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.21%) InfoPath
5 6 (0.21%) MS Visio
6 5 (0.18%) Maya
6 5 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.14%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.071%) 3ds Max
8 2 (0.071%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.071%) Houdini
8 2 (0.071%) SPSS
8 2 (0.071%) ZBrush
9 1 (0.036%) Adobe After Effects
9 1 (0.036%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.036%) Doxygen
9 1 (0.036%) Final Cut Pro
9 1 (0.036%) InDesign
9 1 (0.036%) InVision
Business Applications
1 68 (2.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.43%) Dynamics NAV
3 11 (0.39%) Summit
4 7 (0.25%) SunGard Martini
5 4 (0.14%) Sentinel
5 4 (0.14%) Teamcenter
6 3 (0.11%) Cerner Millennium
6 3 (0.11%) Magento
6 3 (0.11%) Markit EDM
6 3 (0.11%) Shopify
7 2 (0.071%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.071%) OPENHousing
7 2 (0.071%) Orchestrade
7 2 (0.071%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.071%) thinkFolio
7 2 (0.071%) Unit4 Business World
8 1 (0.036%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.036%) SystmOne
8 1 (0.036%) Temenos T24
8 1 (0.036%) Toggl
Cloud Services
1 1,183 (42.07%) Azure
2 353 (12.55%) AWS
3 216 (7.68%) Serverless
4 161 (5.73%) Power Platform
5 155 (5.51%) Azure Functions
6 122 (4.34%) PaaS
7 101 (3.59%) Logic Apps
8 96 (3.41%) GCP
9 86 (3.06%) Dynamics 365
9 86 (3.06%) GitHub
10 70 (2.49%) Azure Active Directory
11 67 (2.38%) PowerApps
12 52 (1.85%) IaaS
13 50 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
13 50 (1.78%) SaaS
14 49 (1.74%) Microsoft 365
15 47 (1.67%) Azure Data Factory
16 43 (1.53%) Power Automate
17 39 (1.39%) Cloud Computing
18 37 (1.32%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 33 (1.17%) HTTP
2 30 (1.07%) TCP/IP
3 22 (0.78%) Firewall
4 19 (0.68%) Ethernet
5 13 (0.46%) RS-485
5 13 (0.46%) WAN
6 10 (0.36%) Kerberos
6 10 (0.36%) Modbus
6 10 (0.36%) Network Security
6 10 (0.36%) SSL
7 9 (0.32%) ATM
7 9 (0.32%) DNS
7 9 (0.32%) RS-422
7 9 (0.32%) SNMP
8 8 (0.28%) Internet
8 8 (0.28%) VLAN
9 7 (0.25%) RTMP
10 5 (0.18%) Intranet
11 4 (0.14%) DHCP
11 4 (0.14%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 711 (25.28%) SQL Server
2 168 (5.97%) Azure SQL Database
3 142 (5.05%) NoSQL
4 110 (3.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 99 (3.52%) Power BI
6 98 (3.49%) MongoDB
7 96 (3.41%) Relational Database
8 76 (2.70%) Cosmos DB
9 71 (2.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 64 (2.28%) MySQL
11 53 (1.88%) PostgreSQL
12 51 (1.81%) Data Warehouse
13 39 (1.39%) SQL Server 2008
14 38 (1.35%) Data Lake
15 32 (1.14%) SQL Server 2012
16 29 (1.03%) OLTP
16 29 (1.03%) Oracle Database
17 27 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 26 (0.92%) Redis
18 26 (0.92%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 317 (11.27%) Git (software)
2 212 (7.54%) Visual Studio
3 176 (6.26%) JIRA
4 172 (6.12%) Jenkins
5 147 (5.23%) Selenium
6 116 (4.13%) TeamCity
7 112 (3.98%) SpecFlow
8 84 (2.99%) Visual Studio Team System
9 80 (2.84%) Octopus Deploy
10 71 (2.52%) Team Foundation Server
11 70 (2.49%) Postman
12 68 (2.42%) NUnit
13 61 (2.17%) Subversion
14 56 (1.99%) Cucumber
15 48 (1.71%) Bitbucket
16 40 (1.42%) SoapUI
17 36 (1.28%) JMeter
18 29 (1.03%) NetBeans
19 27 (0.96%) webpack
20 25 (0.89%) WebDriver
General
1 452 (16.07%) Finance
2 323 (11.49%) Banking
3 295 (10.49%) Front Office
4 186 (6.61%) Investment Banking
5 107 (3.81%) Public Sector
6 52 (1.85%) Retail
7 50 (1.78%) Games
8 36 (1.28%) Marketing
9 35 (1.24%) Law
10 27 (0.96%) Back Office
11 24 (0.85%) Aerospace
12 20 (0.71%) Telecoms
13 19 (0.68%) Military
14 18 (0.64%) Electronics
15 15 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
16 14 (0.50%) Advertising
16 14 (0.50%) Financial Institution
17 12 (0.43%) Manufacturing
18 11 (0.39%) Legal
18 11 (0.39%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,812 (64.44%) Developer
2 757 (26.92%) .NET Developer
3 661 (23.51%) C# Developer
4 298 (10.60%) C# .NET Developer
5 225 (8.00%) Software Engineer
6 177 (6.29%) Senior Developer
7 172 (6.12%) Full Stack Developer
8 158 (5.62%) Azure Developer
9 136 (4.84%) Software Developer
10 118 (4.20%) SQL Developer
11 89 (3.17%) C++ Developer
12 86 (3.06%) Lead Developer
13 83 (2.95%) Architect
13 83 (2.95%) React Developer
14 82 (2.92%) C# Software Engineer
15 81 (2.88%) Azure Engineer
16 78 (2.77%) Consultant
17 76 (2.70%) DevOps Engineer
18 72 (2.56%) Senior .NET Developer
19 71 (2.52%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,923 (68.39%) .NET
2 691 (24.57%) .NET Core
3 476 (16.93%) ASP.NET
4 413 (14.69%) AngularJS
5 405 (14.40%) HTML
6 359 (12.77%) React
7 353 (12.55%) CSS
8 344 (12.23%) .NET Framework
9 286 (10.17%) ASP.NET Web API
10 260 (9.25%) Web Services
11 180 (6.40%) REST
12 179 (6.37%) RESTful
13 160 (5.69%) Node.js
14 149 (5.30%) HTML5
15 147 (5.23%) WPF
16 146 (5.19%) jQuery
17 145 (5.16%) XML
18 132 (4.69%) ASP.NET Core
19 126 (4.48%) Entity Framework
20 121 (4.30%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 237 (8.43%) Greenfield Project
2 187 (6.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 136 (4.84%) Analytical Skills
4 110 (3.91%) Derivative
5 102 (3.63%) User Experience
6 99 (3.52%) Fixed Income
7 73 (2.60%) Cloud Native
8 72 (2.56%) Hedge funds
9 68 (2.42%) Equities
10 65 (2.31%) Data Structures
11 61 (2.17%) Mobile App
12 58 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
13 55 (1.96%) Self-Motivation
14 52 (1.85%) Algorithms
15 39 (1.39%) N-Tier
16 29 (1.03%) Public Cloud
17 26 (0.92%) NHS
18 23 (0.82%) Credit Risk
18 23 (0.82%) Virtual Team
19 18 (0.64%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 243 (8.64%) Windows
2 168 (5.97%) Linux
3 55 (1.96%) Android
4 50 (1.78%) Apple iOS
5 32 (1.14%) Windows Server
6 27 (0.96%) Unix
7 21 (0.75%) Windows 10
8 19 (0.68%) CentOS
9 12 (0.43%) AIX
10 10 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 9 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
12 8 (0.28%) Windows Server 2016
13 7 (0.25%) Ubuntu
14 5 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
15 4 (0.14%) Solaris
15 4 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.071%) Mac OS
16 2 (0.071%) VMS
17 1 (0.036%) Debian
17 1 (0.036%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,028 (36.56%) Agile Software Development
2 711 (25.28%) DevOps
3 513 (18.24%) Software Engineering
4 462 (16.43%) TDD
5 446 (15.86%) Microservices
6 399 (14.19%) Test Automation
7 320 (11.38%) MVC
8 277 (9.85%) Scrum
9 266 (9.46%) BDD
10 249 (8.85%) Continuous Integration
11 172 (6.12%) OO
12 169 (6.01%) SDLC
13 168 (5.97%) Problem-Solving
13 168 (5.97%) Unit Testing
14 167 (5.94%) Analytics
15 135 (4.80%) Multithreading
16 125 (4.45%) Web Development
17 118 (4.20%) Continuous Improvement
18 114 (4.05%) Fintech
19 108 (3.84%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 964 (34.28%) SQL
2 833 (29.62%) JavaScript
3 476 (16.93%) Java
4 448 (15.93%) Python
5 404 (14.37%) C++
6 261 (9.28%) TypeScript
7 255 (9.07%) PowerShell
8 154 (5.48%) T-SQL
9 127 (4.52%) PL/SQL
10 94 (3.34%) Go
11 77 (2.74%) C
12 75 (2.67%) Scala
13 62 (2.20%) Kotlin
14 61 (2.17%) VB
15 57 (2.03%) VB.NET
16 38 (1.35%) PHP
17 35 (1.24%) Bash Shell
18 34 (1.21%) VBA
19 33 (1.17%) Perl
19 33 (1.17%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 196 (6.97%) Security Cleared
2 160 (5.69%) Degree
3 150 (5.33%) SC Cleared
4 43 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
5 31 (1.10%) DV Cleared
6 26 (0.92%) ISTQB
7 17 (0.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 13 (0.46%) BPSS Clearance
9 12 (0.43%) ISEB
10 8 (0.28%) PhD
11 6 (0.21%) Master's Degree
11 6 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
12 5 (0.18%) AWS Certification
12 5 (0.18%) DBS Check
13 4 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
14 3 (0.11%) BC Cleared
14 3 (0.11%) CCNA
14 3 (0.11%) Chartered Engineer
14 3 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
15 2 (0.071%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 186 (6.61%) QA
2 15 (0.53%) PCI DSS
3 10 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 9 (0.32%) SLA
5 8 (0.28%) WCAG
6 7 (0.25%) GDPR
7 5 (0.18%) NIST
8 4 (0.14%) HL7
9 3 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.11%) NCSC
10 2 (0.071%) Cyber Essentials
10 2 (0.071%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.071%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.071%) MiFID
11 1 (0.036%) EMIR
11 1 (0.036%) Good Clinical Practice
11 1 (0.036%) Government Security Classifications
11 1 (0.036%) MISRA
11 1 (0.036%) MISRA C
System Software
1 277 (9.85%) Docker
2 94 (3.34%) Active Directory
3 17 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (0.28%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.21%) Firmware
6 5 (0.18%) vSphere
7 3 (0.11%) LXC
8 2 (0.071%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
8 2 (0.071%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.036%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.036%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.036%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 298 (10.60%) Kubernetes
2 198 (7.04%) Terraform
3 87 (3.09%) Ansible
4 31 (1.10%) Opscode Chef
5 27 (0.96%) Puppet
6 14 (0.50%) HP ALM
7 12 (0.43%) Grafana
7 12 (0.43%) Prometheus
8 9 (0.32%) HP Fortify
8 9 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
9 8 (0.28%) MIIS
9 8 (0.28%) ZABBIX
10 7 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
11 5 (0.18%) CA Single Sign-On
11 5 (0.18%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
11 5 (0.18%) SCOM
11 5 (0.18%) SCVMM
12 4 (0.14%) Istio
12 4 (0.14%) Kibana
12 4 (0.14%) Packer
Vendors
1 508 (18.07%) Microsoft
2 274 (9.74%) Oracle
3 56 (1.99%) Google
4 40 (1.42%) Xamarin
5 31 (1.10%) HP
6 30 (1.07%) Sitecore
7 28 (1.00%) Atlassian
8 26 (0.92%) MuleSoft
9 25 (0.89%) TIBCO
10 24 (0.85%) Databricks
11 23 (0.82%) DevExpress
12 22 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
12 22 (0.78%) ServiceNow
13 20 (0.71%) Bloomberg
13 20 (0.71%) Splunk
14 19 (0.68%) IBM
14 19 (0.68%) New Relic
15 18 (0.64%) SAP
16 16 (0.57%) Sybase
16 16 (0.57%) Telerik