Period
to 20 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for C# skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited C# over the 6 months to 20 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

C#
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 34 28 18
Rank change year-on-year -6 -10 -6
Contract jobs citing C# 4,878 1,916 6,485
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.78% 6.08% 7.68%
As % of the Programming Languages category 14.62% 14.35% 18.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,778 1,404 4,902
10th Percentile £350 £323 £325
25th Percentile £413 £399 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £632 £600 £538
90th Percentile £725 £698 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £415
% change year-on-year +3.03% -0.60% +6.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 25 82
10th Percentile £35.40 £25.50 £36.51
25th Percentile £42.50 £37.38 £41.25
Median hourly rate £48.50 £45.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +7.78% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £58.13 £52.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £62.15 £57.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £48.50 £45.96 £45.75
% change year-on-year +5.54% +0.45% +7.65%

C# is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,366 13,348 35,465
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.55% 42.37% 42.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,014 9,346 24,885
10th Percentile £363 £313 £320
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £481 £475
Median % change year-on-year +9.20% +1.21% -
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £680 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £460 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +8.24% - +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 450 263 641
10th Percentile £17.49 £13.00 £19.18
25th Percentile £25.50 £21.25 £34.00
Median hourly rate £45.32 £37.93 £44.50
Median % change year-on-year +19.49% -14.78% +5.95%
75th Percentile £58.75 £47.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £67.76 £55.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £39.50 £44.00
% change year-on-year +13.92% -10.23% +3.53%

C#
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C# as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C# in the UK

C#
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing C#.

Daily rate trend for C# in the UK

C#
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing C# over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for C# in the UK

C#
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing C#.

Hourly rate trend for C# in the UK

C#
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing C# over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for C# in the UK

C#
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing C# within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 4,027 £525 +7.69% 2,986
London +1 2,379 £600 +9.09% 994
UK excluding London -2 1,669 £425 +3.03% 2,199
Work from Home -7 1,345 £475 +5.56% 746
North of England +18 447 £413 +10.00% 621
South East -8 406 £450 - 494
North West +12 283 £405 +8.00% 369
Midlands -11 236 £403 +7.33% 446
South West -1 170 £425 +0.95% 196
East of England +1 156 £406 -4.41% 232
Scotland -46 155 £443 +0.57% 132
Yorkshire +18 139 £425 +21.43% 189
West Midlands -26 131 £420 +5.00% 265
East Midlands +16 105 £375 +4.17% 181
Wales +23 79 £479 +19.75% 57
North East +5 27 £445 +18.67% 63
Northern Ireland +9 23 £475 +10.21% 23
Isle of Man - 1 £400 - 1

For the 6 months to 20 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing C# also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for C#.

1 3,377 (69.23%) .NET
2 2,045 (41.92%) Azure
3 1,927 (39.50%) Agile Software Development
4 1,842 (37.76%) SQL
5 1,440 (29.52%) JavaScript
6 1,376 (28.21%) SQL Server
7 1,345 (27.57%) DevOps
8 1,075 (22.04%) Microsoft
9 1,067 (21.87%) .NET Core
10 952 (19.52%) Finance
11 937 (19.21%) Social Skills
12 875 (17.94%) Software Engineering
13 863 (17.69%) .NET Framework
13 863 (17.69%) Java
14 860 (17.63%) ASP.NET
15 857 (17.57%) AngularJS
16 752 (15.42%) HTML
17 751 (15.40%) Full Stack Development
18 727 (14.90%) Microservices
19 720 (14.76%) Test Automation
20 714 (14.64%) Python
21 697 (14.29%) TDD
22 696 (14.27%) CSS
23 693 (14.21%) Git (software)
24 647 (13.26%) Scrum
25 627 (12.85%) MVC
26 594 (12.18%) React
27 583 (11.95%) Windows
28 561 (11.50%) TypeScript
29 559 (11.46%) Banking

C#
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 256 (5.25%) SharePoint
2 163 (3.34%) Confluence
3 106 (2.17%) BizTalk Server
4 82 (1.68%) IIS
5 56 (1.15%) Elasticsearch
6 55 (1.13%) CMS
7 41 (0.84%) Apache Spark
8 40 (0.82%) Umbraco
9 30 (0.62%) Apache
10 20 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 19 (0.39%) Oracle Coherence
12 17 (0.35%) SharePoint 2010
13 16 (0.33%) EPiServer
14 14 (0.29%) Appian
14 14 (0.29%) SharePoint Server
15 10 (0.21%) Apache Pig
15 10 (0.21%) nginx
16 9 (0.18%) Kentico
17 7 (0.14%) Apache Airflow
17 7 (0.14%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 166 (3.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
3 23 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 17 (0.35%) MS Visio
5 9 (0.18%) Chatbot
6 8 (0.16%) InfoPath
7 6 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
9 4 (0.082%) Simulink
10 3 (0.062%) Mingle
11 2 (0.041%) CPLEX
11 2 (0.041%) Maya
11 2 (0.041%) SOLIDWORKS
12 1 (0.021%) FileZilla
12 1 (0.021%) LaTeX
12 1 (0.021%) MotionBuilder
12 1 (0.021%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 127 (2.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 35 (0.72%) SunGard Martini
3 30 (0.62%) Dynamics AX
4 12 (0.25%) Orchestrade
4 12 (0.25%) Sentinel
5 10 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
6 8 (0.16%) Endur
7 7 (0.14%) Magento
7 7 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
7 7 (0.14%) Shopify
8 6 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
8 6 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 4 (0.082%) SAP S/4HANA
10 3 (0.062%) Exchequer
10 3 (0.062%) Global One
10 3 (0.062%) NetSuite
11 2 (0.041%) Cerner Millennium
11 2 (0.041%) Dynamics GP
11 2 (0.041%) Loan IQ
11 2 (0.041%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 2,045 (41.92%) Azure
2 507 (10.39%) AWS
3 361 (7.40%) Serverless
4 281 (5.76%) Power Platform
5 259 (5.31%) Azure Functions
6 228 (4.67%) Azure Service Bus
7 198 (4.06%) Azure Cosmos DB
8 177 (3.63%) Dynamics 365
9 175 (3.59%) PaaS
10 165 (3.38%) GitHub
11 156 (3.20%) Azure Logic Apps
12 148 (3.03%) GCP
13 140 (2.87%) Azure Data Factory
14 124 (2.54%) PowerApps
15 112 (2.30%) SaaS
16 108 (2.21%) Microsoft 365
17 102 (2.09%) Azure Active Directory
18 99 (2.03%) Azure Storage
19 98 (2.01%) Power Automate
20 91 (1.87%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 86 (1.76%) TCP/IP
2 67 (1.37%) HTTP
3 48 (0.98%) Firewall
4 44 (0.90%) Network Security
5 33 (0.68%) RTMP
6 30 (0.62%) Internet
7 23 (0.47%) VoIP
8 22 (0.45%) SNMP
9 18 (0.37%) Kerberos
10 17 (0.35%) Ethernet
11 13 (0.27%) SSL
12 12 (0.25%) BGP
12 12 (0.25%) Reverse Proxy
13 10 (0.21%) Intranet
14 9 (0.18%) DNS
15 8 (0.16%) Modbus
16 7 (0.14%) FTP
17 6 (0.12%) IPv4
17 6 (0.12%) WAN
18 5 (0.10%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,376 (28.21%) SQL Server
2 260 (5.33%) Relational Database
3 220 (4.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 218 (4.47%) Azure SQL Database
5 196 (4.02%) Power BI
6 186 (3.81%) NoSQL
7 160 (3.28%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 130 (2.67%) Data Warehouse
9 114 (2.34%) Data Lake
10 109 (2.23%) MySQL
11 108 (2.21%) MongoDB
12 103 (2.11%) Oracle Database
13 90 (1.85%) PostgreSQL
14 71 (1.46%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 64 (1.31%) Big Data
16 63 (1.29%) SQL Server 2016
17 53 (1.09%) RDBMS
18 51 (1.05%) Tableau
19 45 (0.92%) Oracle Database 12c
20 39 (0.80%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 693 (14.21%) Git (software)
2 377 (7.73%) Visual Studio
3 352 (7.22%) Jenkins
4 337 (6.91%) JIRA
5 301 (6.17%) TeamCity
6 282 (5.78%) Selenium
7 241 (4.94%) SpecFlow
8 175 (3.59%) Team Foundation Server
9 143 (2.93%) Subversion
10 122 (2.50%) Bitbucket
11 119 (2.44%) NUnit
12 114 (2.34%) Octopus Deploy
13 108 (2.21%) Postman
14 93 (1.91%) Visual Studio Team System
15 89 (1.82%) Maven
16 80 (1.64%) Cucumber
17 76 (1.56%) Artifactory
18 70 (1.44%) JMeter
19 64 (1.31%) GitLab
20 62 (1.27%) WebDriver
General
1 952 (19.52%) Finance
2 937 (19.21%) Social Skills
3 559 (11.46%) Banking
4 396 (8.12%) Front Office
5 310 (6.36%) Analytical Skills
6 261 (5.35%) Investment Banking
7 173 (3.55%) Public Sector
8 110 (2.26%) Marketing
9 90 (1.85%) Presentation Skills
10 80 (1.64%) Retail
11 69 (1.41%) Games
12 49 (1.00%) Telecoms
13 43 (0.88%) Law
14 37 (0.76%) Back Office
15 36 (0.74%) Military
16 32 (0.66%) Financial Institution
17 31 (0.64%) Electronics
17 31 (0.64%) Manufacturing
18 30 (0.62%) Aerospace
18 30 (0.62%) Legal
Job Titles
1 3,141 (64.39%) Developer
2 1,257 (25.77%) C# Developer
3 1,229 (25.19%) .NET Developer
4 524 (10.74%) C# .NET Developer
5 385 (7.89%) Full Stack Developer
6 360 (7.38%) Software Engineer
7 276 (5.66%) Software Developer
8 264 (5.41%) Azure Developer
9 260 (5.33%) Senior Developer
10 208 (4.26%) Angular Developer
11 206 (4.22%) Architect
12 197 (4.04%) SQL Developer
13 183 (3.75%) React Developer
14 158 (3.24%) Analyst
15 142 (2.91%) C# Software Engineer
16 140 (2.87%) C# Software Developer
17 137 (2.81%) Consultant
18 129 (2.64%) Front Office Developer
19 127 (2.60%) JavaScript Developer
20 124 (2.54%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,377 (69.23%) .NET
2 1,067 (21.87%) .NET Core
3 863 (17.69%) .NET Framework
4 860 (17.63%) ASP.NET
5 857 (17.57%) AngularJS
6 752 (15.42%) HTML
7 696 (14.27%) CSS
8 594 (12.18%) React
9 457 (9.37%) ASP.NET Web API
10 405 (8.30%) REST
11 332 (6.81%) Node.js
12 329 (6.74%) Entity Framework
13 321 (6.58%) Web Services
14 316 (6.48%) RESTful
15 293 (6.01%) WPF
16 277 (5.68%) HTML5
17 266 (5.45%) XML
18 238 (4.88%) JSON
19 225 (4.61%) ASP.NET MVC
20 223 (4.57%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 227 (4.65%) Greenfield Project
2 207 (4.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 175 (3.59%) User Experience
4 165 (3.38%) Derivative
5 129 (2.64%) Fixed Income
6 110 (2.26%) Cloud Native
7 103 (2.11%) Equities
8 101 (2.07%) Self-Motivation
9 99 (2.03%) Data Protection Act
10 96 (1.97%) Data Structures
11 95 (1.95%) Mobile App
12 93 (1.91%) Hedge funds
13 77 (1.58%) Legacy Systems
14 64 (1.31%) Credit Risk
15 59 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
16 41 (0.84%) Market Risk
17 35 (0.72%) Client/Server
17 35 (0.72%) N-Tier
18 34 (0.70%) NHS
18 34 (0.70%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 583 (11.95%) Windows
2 226 (4.63%) Linux
3 67 (1.37%) Android
4 64 (1.31%) Windows Server
5 56 (1.15%) Unix
6 49 (1.00%) Apple iOS
7 21 (0.43%) Ubuntu
8 20 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 20 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
9 17 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
10 16 (0.33%) Windows XP
11 8 (0.16%) VMS
12 6 (0.12%) Debian
12 6 (0.12%) Windows Server 2019
13 5 (0.10%) Solaris
13 5 (0.10%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
14 4 (0.082%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.062%) VxWorks
15 3 (0.062%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,927 (39.50%) Agile Software Development
2 1,345 (27.57%) DevOps
3 875 (17.94%) Software Engineering
4 751 (15.40%) Full Stack Development
5 727 (14.90%) Microservices
6 720 (14.76%) Test Automation
7 697 (14.29%) TDD
8 647 (13.26%) Scrum
9 627 (12.85%) MVC
10 481 (9.86%) Continuous Integration
11 422 (8.65%) Unit Testing
12 373 (7.65%) OO
13 349 (7.15%) Problem-Solving
14 301 (6.17%) SDLC
15 289 (5.92%) BDD
16 287 (5.88%) Analytics
17 254 (5.21%) Business Intelligence
18 249 (5.10%) Web Development
19 234 (4.80%) Migration
20 222 (4.55%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 1,842 (37.76%) SQL
2 1,440 (29.52%) JavaScript
3 863 (17.69%) Java
4 714 (14.64%) Python
5 561 (11.50%) TypeScript
6 533 (10.93%) C++
7 395 (8.10%) PowerShell
8 320 (6.56%) T-SQL
9 207 (4.24%) VB.NET
10 171 (3.51%) VBA
11 156 (3.20%) PL/SQL
12 133 (2.73%) Go
13 125 (2.56%) VB
14 117 (2.40%) C
15 114 (2.34%) PHP
16 106 (2.17%) Bash Shell
17 88 (1.80%) Ruby
18 86 (1.76%) Scala
19 75 (1.54%) Perl
20 50 (1.03%) XAML
Qualifications
1 350 (7.18%) Security Cleared
2 286 (5.86%) SC Cleared
3 269 (5.51%) Degree
4 84 (1.72%) Computer Science Degree
5 49 (1.00%) DV Cleared
6 44 (0.90%) ISTQB
7 36 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
8 33 (0.68%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 32 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
10 21 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
11 16 (0.33%) Master's Degree
12 15 (0.31%) PhD
13 13 (0.27%) CREST Certified
14 10 (0.21%) SANS
15 9 (0.18%) DBS Check
16 8 (0.16%) ISEB
17 5 (0.10%) AWS Certification
18 4 (0.082%) OSCP
19 3 (0.062%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
19 3 (0.062%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 206 (4.22%) QA
2 80 (1.64%) Accessibility
3 25 (0.51%) GDPR
4 14 (0.29%) WCAG
5 13 (0.27%) MiFID
6 10 (0.21%) Data Quality
6 10 (0.21%) NCSC
7 8 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 7 (0.14%) SLA
9 5 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
9 5 (0.10%) HL7
9 5 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.062%) DICOM
10 3 (0.062%) IEC 61508
10 3 (0.062%) NIST
11 2 (0.041%) IFRS
11 2 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 2 (0.041%) PCI DSS
12 1 (0.021%) ISO 13485
12 1 (0.021%) PMO
System Software
1 543 (11.13%) Docker
2 150 (3.08%) Active Directory
3 17 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.14%) Firmware
4 7 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.10%) LXC
5 5 (0.10%) Platform Symphony
6 3 (0.062%) Oracle RAC
6 3 (0.062%) Virtual Desktop
6 3 (0.062%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (0.062%) vSphere
7 2 (0.041%) KVM
8 1 (0.021%) BitLocker
8 1 (0.021%) HDFS
8 1 (0.021%) NFS
8 1 (0.021%) OpenDJ
8 1 (0.021%) Xen
Systems Management
1 541 (11.09%) Kubernetes
2 236 (4.84%) Terraform
3 171 (3.51%) Ansible
4 59 (1.21%) Prometheus
5 50 (1.03%) Puppet
6 49 (1.00%) BladeLogic
6 49 (1.00%) Grafana
7 33 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
8 32 (0.66%) ITRS Geneos
9 22 (0.45%) Kibana
10 20 (0.41%) MIIS
11 18 (0.37%) SCOM
12 13 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
13 12 (0.25%) Argo
14 11 (0.23%) SCCM
14 11 (0.23%) ZABBIX
15 10 (0.21%) Control-M
15 10 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
15 10 (0.21%) Rancher
16 9 (0.18%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 1,075 (22.04%) Microsoft
2 483 (9.90%) Oracle
3 113 (2.32%) Databricks
4 85 (1.74%) Google
5 79 (1.62%) SAP
6 70 (1.44%) Salesforce.com
7 68 (1.39%) MuleSoft
8 66 (1.35%) Xamarin
9 63 (1.29%) Atlassian
10 45 (0.92%) Telerik
11 41 (0.84%) Splunk
12 36 (0.74%) FIS
12 36 (0.74%) SunGard
13 27 (0.55%) IBM
14 23 (0.47%) HP
15 22 (0.45%) TIBCO
16 20 (0.41%) Blue Prism
16 20 (0.41%) Sybase
17 18 (0.37%) CA Agile Central
18 17 (0.35%) Alteryx