Period
to 24 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 24 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
24 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 240 296 224
Rank change year-on-year +56 -72 -6
Contract jobs citing JUnit 325 747 1,346
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.02% 0.88% 1.30%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.72% 5.00% 6.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 220 491 914
Median daily rate £475 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.56% +2.63% +2.70%
10th Percentile £355 £363 £350
90th Percentile £601 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £425
% change year-on-year -5.26% +11.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 4 10
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -17.65% -32.00%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -19.54% +2.35% -32.00%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 5,685 14,939 21,770
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.86% 17.68% 21.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,669 9,796 14,943
Median daily rate £485 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £315 £325 £325
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 116 234 223
Median hourly rate £42.38 £44.01 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.72% +3.55% -
10th Percentile £32.50 £24.11 £25.57
90th Percentile £58.25 £57.50 £52.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% -

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 24 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 24 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +66 297 £475 -5.00% 103
London +84 164 £475 -9.52% 40
UK excluding London +63 140 £450 -5.26% 79
North of England +92 86 £450 -9.09% 16
Work from Home -53 57 £475 -5.00% 14
Yorkshire +77 43 £470 -14.55% 5
North West +93 33 £450 -2.70% 11
East of England +74 13 £406 -16.24% 7
South East +130 12 £444 +3.26% 24
Midlands +37 12 £315 -33.68% 8
North East +5 10 £449 -6.70%
Scotland +34 7 £375 -16.67% 10
West Midlands +28 7 £450 -5.26% 3
South West +52 5 £500 - 6
East Midlands +36 5 £315 -28.00% 5
Northern Ireland +13 5 £430 - 4

For the 6 months to 24 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 245 (75.38%) Agile Software Development
2 242 (74.46%) Java
3 170 (52.31%) Spring
3 170 (52.31%) Jenkins
4 156 (48.00%) Git (software)
5 142 (43.69%) DevOps
6 133 (40.92%) Mockito
7 132 (40.62%) Maven
8 130 (40.00%) Test Automation
9 128 (39.38%) Scrum
10 123 (37.85%) REST
11 118 (36.31%) GitHub
12 110 (33.85%) TDD
12 110 (33.85%) AWS
12 110 (33.85%) JIRA
13 108 (33.23%) Continuous Integration
14 104 (32.00%) Spring Boot
15 98 (30.15%) Microservices
16 93 (28.62%) Docker
17 89 (27.38%) Confluence
18 87 (26.77%) Cucumber
19 84 (25.85%) JSON
20 82 (25.23%) Web Services
21 76 (23.38%) JavaScript
22 75 (23.08%) Python
23 74 (22.77%) Finance
23 74 (22.77%) Java 8
24 73 (22.46%) Selenium
24 73 (22.46%) Android
25 71 (21.85%) Kotlin

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 89 (27.38%) Confluence
2 47 (14.46%) Mule
3 37 (11.38%) Cloud Foundry
4 22 (6.77%) JBoss
4 22 (6.77%) WebSphere
5 17 (5.23%) Red Hat Fuse
6 12 (3.69%) Tomcat
6 12 (3.69%) WebLogic
7 9 (2.77%) SharePoint
8 8 (2.46%) BizTalk Server
9 7 (2.15%) Apache ServiceMix
10 6 (1.85%) Anypoint
11 5 (1.54%) Apache
12 4 (1.23%) Elasticsearch
12 4 (1.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 2 (0.62%) Camunda
13 2 (0.62%) Documentum
14 1 (0.31%) Alfresco
14 1 (0.31%) FileNet
14 1 (0.31%) GlassFish
Applications
1 4 (1.23%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (1.54%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.31%) Exstream
2 1 (0.31%) RMDS
2 1 (0.31%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 118 (36.31%) GitHub
2 110 (33.85%) AWS
3 45 (13.85%) Slack
4 38 (11.69%) Azure
5 28 (8.62%) PaaS
6 24 (7.38%) IaaS
7 21 (6.46%) GCP
8 20 (6.15%) npm
8 20 (6.15%) OpenShift
9 17 (5.23%) Apigee
10 11 (3.38%) Amazon EC2
10 11 (3.38%) Coveralls
11 10 (3.08%) Serverless
12 9 (2.77%) AWS Lambda
13 8 (2.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 8 (2.46%) Amazon SQS
13 8 (2.46%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 7 (2.15%) Amazon S3
14 7 (2.15%) AWS CloudFormation
14 7 (2.15%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 44 (13.54%) HTTP
2 21 (6.46%) DNS
3 20 (6.15%) SSL
4 18 (5.54%) TCP/IP
5 12 (3.69%) HTTPS
6 9 (2.77%) Firewall
6 9 (2.77%) Reverse Proxy
7 5 (1.54%) FTP
8 3 (0.92%) Internet
9 2 (0.62%) AMQP
9 2 (0.62%) DLNA
9 2 (0.62%) Skype
9 2 (0.62%) SMS
9 2 (0.62%) Software-Defined Networking
9 2 (0.62%) UPnP
9 2 (0.62%) WebEx
9 2 (0.62%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (11.69%) NoSQL
2 34 (10.46%) Relational Database
3 33 (10.15%) SQL Server
4 29 (8.92%) MySQL
5 27 (8.31%) MongoDB
6 17 (5.23%) PostgreSQL
7 14 (4.31%) RDBMS
8 12 (3.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 8 (2.46%) Hadoop
10 7 (2.15%) DB2
11 6 (1.85%) Amazon RDS
11 6 (1.85%) Apache Cassandra
12 5 (1.54%) Data Warehouse
12 5 (1.54%) Power BI
13 4 (1.23%) Cosmos DB
13 4 (1.23%) Snowflake Schema
13 4 (1.23%) ZAP BI
14 3 (0.92%) BigQuery
14 3 (0.92%) Data Lake
14 3 (0.92%) ObjectStore
Development Applications
1 170 (52.31%) Jenkins
2 156 (48.00%) Git (software)
3 133 (40.92%) Mockito
4 132 (40.62%) Maven
5 110 (33.85%) JIRA
6 87 (26.77%) Cucumber
7 73 (22.46%) Selenium
8 55 (16.92%) Gradle
9 48 (14.77%) SonarQube
10 45 (13.85%) Sonatype Nexus
11 37 (11.38%) JMeter
12 34 (10.46%) Subversion
13 29 (8.92%) IntelliJ
14 27 (8.31%) GitLab
15 25 (7.69%) Android Studio
16 23 (7.08%) CocoaPods
16 23 (7.08%) Xcode
17 21 (6.46%) jMock
18 20 (6.15%) TestNG
19 18 (5.54%) TeamCity
General
1 74 (22.77%) Finance
2 58 (17.85%) Banking
3 28 (8.62%) Public Sector
4 24 (7.38%) Investment Banking
5 7 (2.15%) Front Office
6 5 (1.54%) Retail Banking
7 3 (0.92%) Electronics
7 3 (0.92%) Legal
8 2 (0.62%) Advertising
8 2 (0.62%) Marketing
8 2 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (0.62%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.31%) French Language
9 1 (0.31%) Games
9 1 (0.31%) Law
9 1 (0.31%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.31%) Police
9 1 (0.31%) Retail
Job Titles
1 185 (56.92%) Developer
2 112 (34.46%) Java Developer
3 23 (7.08%) Android Developer
4 21 (6.46%) DevOps Engineer
5 20 (6.15%) Full Stack Developer
5 20 (6.15%) Senior Developer
5 20 (6.15%) Software Engineer
6 19 (5.85%) Test Engineer
7 18 (5.54%) Java Engineer
8 14 (4.31%) Tester
9 13 (4.00%) Senior Java Developer
10 12 (3.69%) Android Engineer
10 12 (3.69%) SC Cleared Java Developer
10 12 (3.69%) Software Test Engineer
11 11 (3.38%) Java Software Engineer
12 10 (3.08%) AWS Engineer
12 10 (3.08%) Java Software Developer
13 9 (2.77%) Backend Developer
13 9 (2.77%) Developer in Test
13 9 (2.77%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 170 (52.31%) Spring
2 123 (37.85%) REST
3 104 (32.00%) Spring Boot
4 84 (25.85%) JSON
5 82 (25.23%) Web Services
6 69 (21.23%) Node.js
7 65 (20.00%) RESTful
8 56 (17.23%) SOAP
9 55 (16.92%) XML
10 46 (14.15%) WireMock
11 40 (12.31%) Hibernate
12 39 (12.00%) CSS
13 37 (11.38%) AngularJS
14 35 (10.77%) HTML
14 35 (10.77%) RxJava
15 33 (10.15%) Material Design
15 33 (10.15%) Retrofit
16 30 (9.23%) Apache Camel
17 28 (8.62%) JMS
18 27 (8.31%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 54 (16.62%) Mobile App
2 17 (5.23%) User Experience
3 16 (4.92%) Fixed Income
4 15 (4.62%) Enterprise Software
5 13 (4.00%) Data Structures
6 10 (3.08%) Mobile Payment
7 8 (2.46%) Analytical Skills
8 7 (2.15%) Credit Risk
9 5 (1.54%) Clustering
9 5 (1.54%) Mobile Banking
10 4 (1.23%) Algorithms
11 2 (0.62%) Animation
11 2 (0.62%) Client/Server
11 2 (0.62%) Derivative
11 2 (0.62%) FMCG
11 2 (0.62%) Linux Command Line
11 2 (0.62%) Mainframe
11 2 (0.62%) Management Information System
11 2 (0.62%) MPEG
11 2 (0.62%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 73 (22.46%) Android
2 59 (18.15%) Linux
3 32 (9.85%) Unix
4 28 (8.62%) Apple iOS
5 22 (6.77%) Windows
6 4 (1.23%) CentOS
7 3 (0.92%) Fedora
7 3 (0.92%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.62%) Embedded Linux
8 2 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.62%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.31%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.31%) Solaris
9 1 (0.31%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.31%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 245 (75.38%) Agile Software Development
2 142 (43.69%) DevOps
3 130 (40.00%) Test Automation
4 128 (39.38%) Scrum
5 110 (33.85%) TDD
6 108 (33.23%) Continuous Integration
7 98 (30.15%) Microservices
8 68 (20.92%) Kanban
8 68 (20.92%) Pair Programming
9 64 (19.69%) Android Development
10 63 (19.38%) BDD
11 48 (14.77%) Unit Testing
12 44 (13.54%) Software Engineering
13 41 (12.62%) Continuous Delivery
14 40 (12.31%) Open Source
15 33 (10.15%) Continuous Improvement
15 33 (10.15%) Scaled Agile Framework
16 32 (9.85%) Architectural Design
17 31 (9.54%) SDLC
18 29 (8.92%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 242 (74.46%) Java
2 76 (23.38%) JavaScript
3 75 (23.08%) Python
4 74 (22.77%) Java 8
5 71 (21.85%) Kotlin
6 61 (18.77%) SQL
7 23 (7.08%) Apple Swift
8 18 (5.54%) Bash Shell
9 15 (4.62%) C#
9 15 (4.62%) ES6
10 11 (3.38%) Shell Script
11 9 (2.77%) Scala
12 8 (2.46%) PL/SQL
12 8 (2.46%) PowerShell
12 8 (2.46%) Ruby
13 5 (1.54%) C
13 5 (1.54%) C++
14 4 (1.23%) Go
14 4 (1.23%) TypeScript
14 4 (1.23%) VBA
Qualifications
1 39 (12.00%) Security Cleared
2 30 (9.23%) SC Cleared
3 16 (4.92%) Degree
4 8 (2.46%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.85%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (0.92%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.62%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.62%) ISEB
7 2 (0.62%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.31%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.31%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.31%) OCPJP
8 1 (0.31%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
8 1 (0.31%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (13.54%) QA
2 8 (2.46%) Data Quality
3 6 (1.85%) WCAG
4 2 (0.62%) ISO 9001
4 2 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 93 (28.62%) Docker
2 5 (1.54%) Active Directory
2 5 (1.54%) Postfix
3 3 (0.92%) NFS
3 3 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
3 3 (0.92%) VMware Infrastructure
3 3 (0.92%) vSphere
4 1 (0.31%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.31%) RACF
Systems Management
1 48 (14.77%) Kubernetes
2 30 (9.23%) Ansible
3 26 (8.00%) Terraform
4 25 (7.69%) Puppet
5 22 (6.77%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (2.77%) Grafana
6 9 (2.77%) Nagios
7 7 (2.15%) Kibana
8 6 (1.85%) ZABBIX
9 5 (1.54%) HP Quality Center
10 2 (0.62%) HP ALM
10 2 (0.62%) NetIQ Identity Manager
10 2 (0.62%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.31%) Control-M
11 1 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 43 (13.23%) Splunk
2 36 (11.08%) Oracle
3 35 (10.77%) AppDynamics
4 20 (6.15%) Atlassian
4 20 (6.15%) MuleSoft
5 19 (5.85%) Google
6 14 (4.31%) Blue Coat
6 14 (4.31%) F5
7 13 (4.00%) Red Hat
8 11 (3.38%) Sybase
9 9 (2.77%) Murex
10 8 (2.46%) TIBCO
11 7 (2.15%) Axway
11 7 (2.15%) Dell
11 7 (2.15%) Fiorano
11 7 (2.15%) Jitterbit
11 7 (2.15%) Microsoft
11 7 (2.15%) Talend
11 7 (2.15%) webMethods
12 5 (1.54%) Sonatype