Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 287 228 216
Rank change year-on-year -59 -12 -4
Contract jobs citing JUnit 800 1,242 1,193
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.91% 1.23% 1.22%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.02% 5.90% 6.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 486 839 750
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £363 £350 £325
90th Percentile £625 £600 £614
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +8.82% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 11 32
UK median hourly rate £40.84 £42.50 £62.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.92% -32.00% +47.06%
10th Percentile £35.00 £31.58 £35.70
90th Percentile £51.10 £75.00 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.67 £42.50 £62.50
% change year-on-year +9.81% -32.00% +47.06%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 15,933 21,039 17,735
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.12% 20.80% 18.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,363 14,428 12,178
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £312
90th Percentile £638 £613 £598
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 252 230 292
UK median hourly rate £44.26 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.14% - +3.03%
10th Percentile £27.15 £26.73 £30.00
90th Percentile £55.50 £52.50 £60.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.50 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +4.71% - +3.03%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -62 711 £495 -1.00% 153
UK excluding London -30 446 £463 +8.82% 93
London -76 342 £525 -0.47% 71
North of England +9 98 £481 +13.24% 45
South East -55 81 £430 +1.18% 15
Midlands +10 74 £456 +7.35% 6
South West 0 69 £500 +5.26% 12
Scotland -6 57 £450 +12.50% 9
East of England +18 46 £475 +5.56% 4
West Midlands +26 44 £463 +5.71% 5
North East +51 42 £475 +7.04% 9
Yorkshire +27 34 £500 +14.29% 13
East Midlands +3 30 £438 +8.02% 1
North West -27 22 £450 +8.56% 23
Wales +11 10 £415 -15.37% 1
Channel Islands +2 10 - -
Northern Ireland -7 2 - - 1

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 679 (84.88%) Java
2 534 (66.75%) Agile Software Development
3 457 (57.13%) Spring
4 435 (54.38%) Git (software)
5 424 (53.00%) Jenkins
6 312 (39.00%) Maven
7 287 (35.88%) TDD
8 282 (35.25%) Scrum
9 253 (31.63%) DevOps
10 251 (31.38%) Web Services
11 249 (31.13%) Test Automation
11 249 (31.13%) Microservices
12 246 (30.75%) JIRA
13 236 (29.50%) Mockito
14 231 (28.88%) SQL
15 227 (28.38%) AWS
16 219 (27.38%) JavaScript
17 211 (26.38%) REST
18 201 (25.13%) Spring Boot
19 190 (23.75%) Docker
20 187 (23.38%) RESTful
21 185 (23.13%) BDD
22 182 (22.75%) SOAP
23 180 (22.50%) Continuous Integration
24 178 (22.25%) Cucumber
25 174 (21.75%) JSON
26 163 (20.38%) Linux
27 162 (20.25%) Java 8
28 161 (20.13%) Selenium
29 152 (19.00%) XML

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 99 (12.38%) Confluence
2 98 (12.25%) Tomcat
3 73 (9.13%) JBoss
4 71 (8.88%) Apache
5 54 (6.75%) WebSphere
6 28 (3.50%) Elasticsearch
7 25 (3.13%) WebLogic
8 23 (2.88%) Mule
9 20 (2.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 18 (2.25%) Cloud Foundry
10 18 (2.25%) Jetty
11 17 (2.13%) nginx
12 16 (2.00%) Apache Solr
13 15 (1.88%) Alfresco
14 13 (1.63%) Apache Spark
15 12 (1.50%) WebSphere Application Server
16 11 (1.38%) CMS
17 10 (1.25%) GeoServer
18 9 (1.13%) Anypoint
19 8 (1.00%) SharePoint
Applications
1 5 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 6 (0.75%) Magento
1 6 (0.75%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.63%) Fredhopper
3 2 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 227 (28.38%) AWS
2 108 (13.50%) Azure
3 69 (8.63%) GitHub
4 63 (7.88%) Amazon EC2
5 56 (7.00%) Slack
6 36 (4.50%) Amazon SQS
7 34 (4.25%) Amazon EKS
8 27 (3.38%) Serverless
9 26 (3.25%) Google Analytics
10 24 (3.00%) OpenShift
11 23 (2.88%) npm
12 18 (2.25%) Amazon S3
12 18 (2.25%) AWS Lambda
12 18 (2.25%) GCP
13 14 (1.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 13 (1.63%) Cloud Computing
14 13 (1.63%) SaaS
15 12 (1.50%) PaaS
16 11 (1.38%) Amazon ELB
17 10 (1.25%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 68 (8.50%) HTTP
2 42 (5.25%) TCP/IP
3 27 (3.38%) OpenVPN
3 27 (3.38%) SSL
4 17 (2.13%) FTP
5 12 (1.50%) HTTPS
6 7 (0.88%) Internet
7 6 (0.75%) DNS
7 6 (0.75%) Skype
8 3 (0.38%) Kerberos
8 3 (0.38%) SSH
9 2 (0.25%) SNMP
9 2 (0.25%) VoIP
10 1 (0.13%) BIG-IP
10 1 (0.13%) CTI
10 1 (0.13%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (11.00%) MySQL
2 84 (10.50%) PostgreSQL
3 79 (9.88%) NoSQL
4 65 (8.13%) SQL Server
5 62 (7.75%) Relational Database
6 61 (7.63%) Oracle Database
7 50 (6.25%) Amazon RDS
7 50 (6.25%) MongoDB
8 47 (5.88%) DB2
9 38 (4.75%) RDBMS
10 26 (3.25%) Apache Cassandra
11 21 (2.63%) Big Data
12 14 (1.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 14 (1.75%) Redis
13 11 (1.38%) Azure SQL Database
13 11 (1.38%) HBase
14 10 (1.25%) GIS
15 8 (1.00%) Infinispan
15 8 (1.00%) InterSystems Cache
16 7 (0.88%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 435 (54.38%) Git (software)
2 424 (53.00%) Jenkins
3 312 (39.00%) Maven
4 246 (30.75%) JIRA
5 236 (29.50%) Mockito
6 178 (22.25%) Cucumber
7 161 (20.13%) Selenium
8 146 (18.25%) SonarQube
9 89 (11.13%) Gradle
10 84 (10.50%) Eclipse
10 84 (10.50%) Sonatype Nexus
11 75 (9.38%) jMock
12 70 (8.75%) JMeter
13 62 (7.75%) Ant
14 58 (7.25%) DbUnit
15 52 (6.50%) IntelliJ
16 51 (6.38%) Subversion
17 37 (4.63%) SoapUI
18 36 (4.50%) Bitbucket
18 36 (4.50%) TeamCity
General
1 143 (17.88%) Finance
2 80 (10.00%) Banking
3 61 (7.63%) Public Sector
4 38 (4.75%) Retail
5 17 (2.13%) Marketing
6 13 (1.63%) Front Office
6 13 (1.63%) Games
7 9 (1.13%) Legal
7 9 (1.13%) Telecoms
8 8 (1.00%) Investment Banking
8 8 (1.00%) Manufacturing
9 6 (0.75%) Retail Banking
10 5 (0.63%) Advertising
11 4 (0.50%) Financial Institution
11 4 (0.50%) Publishing
12 3 (0.38%) Electronics
12 3 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.25%) Aerospace
13 2 (0.25%) Back Office
13 2 (0.25%) Law
Job Titles
1 573 (71.63%) Developer
2 431 (53.88%) Java Developer
3 61 (7.63%) Senior Developer
4 54 (6.75%) DevOps Engineer
5 53 (6.63%) Senior Java Developer
6 47 (5.88%) Full Stack Developer
7 42 (5.25%) Lead Developer
8 41 (5.13%) Lead Java Developer
9 40 (5.00%) Backend Developer
10 36 (4.50%) SC Cleared Java Developer
11 29 (3.63%) Agile Developer
12 28 (3.50%) Agile Java Developer
13 27 (3.38%) Test Engineer
14 24 (3.00%) Analyst
14 24 (3.00%) Software Developer
15 23 (2.88%) AWS DevOps
16 22 (2.75%) Architect
17 21 (2.63%) Java Engineer
18 19 (2.38%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 18 (2.25%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 457 (57.13%) Spring
2 251 (31.38%) Web Services
3 211 (26.38%) REST
4 201 (25.13%) Spring Boot
5 187 (23.38%) RESTful
6 182 (22.75%) SOAP
7 174 (21.75%) JSON
8 152 (19.00%) XML
9 144 (18.00%) AngularJS
10 142 (17.75%) Hibernate
11 139 (17.38%) HTML
12 125 (15.63%) CSS
13 109 (13.63%) Node.js
14 95 (11.88%) J2EE
15 82 (10.25%) React
16 73 (9.13%) HTML5
16 73 (9.13%) JMS
17 72 (9.00%) Apache Camel
18 70 (8.75%) JPA
19 66 (8.25%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 41 (5.13%) User Experience
2 34 (4.25%) Analytical Skills
3 28 (3.50%) Greenfield Project
4 25 (3.13%) Mobile App
5 24 (3.00%) Algorithms
6 22 (2.75%) Data Structures
6 22 (2.75%) Enterprise Software
7 19 (2.38%) Linux Command Line
8 16 (2.00%) Virtual Team
9 15 (1.88%) NHS
10 12 (1.50%) Client/Server
11 10 (1.25%) Cloud Native
12 9 (1.13%) Equities
13 8 (1.00%) Mainframe
13 8 (1.00%) Social Media
14 7 (0.88%) iSeries
15 6 (0.75%) Mobile Banking
15 6 (0.75%) Self-Motivation
16 4 (0.50%) Fixed Income
16 4 (0.50%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 163 (20.38%) Linux
2 118 (14.75%) Unix
3 45 (5.63%) Windows
4 33 (4.13%) CentOS
5 29 (3.63%) Android
6 12 (1.50%) Apple iOS
6 12 (1.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 11 (1.38%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.88%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.50%) Solaris
10 2 (0.25%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 534 (66.75%) Agile Software Development
2 287 (35.88%) TDD
3 282 (35.25%) Scrum
4 253 (31.63%) DevOps
5 249 (31.13%) Microservices
5 249 (31.13%) Test Automation
6 185 (23.13%) BDD
7 180 (22.50%) Continuous Integration
8 107 (13.38%) OO
9 105 (13.13%) Unit Testing
10 103 (12.88%) Kanban
11 90 (11.25%) Open Source
12 70 (8.75%) Pair Programming
12 70 (8.75%) Problem-Solving
13 64 (8.00%) E-Commerce
14 52 (6.50%) Software Engineering
15 51 (6.38%) Scaled Agile Framework
16 49 (6.13%) Analytics
17 48 (6.00%) Continuous Improvement
17 48 (6.00%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 679 (84.88%) Java
2 231 (28.88%) SQL
3 219 (27.38%) JavaScript
4 162 (20.25%) Java 8
5 67 (8.38%) Python
6 52 (6.50%) Scala
7 47 (5.88%) Groovy
8 42 (5.25%) TypeScript
9 36 (4.50%) Shell Script
10 30 (3.75%) ES6
10 30 (3.75%) Perl
11 26 (3.25%) C#
11 26 (3.25%) Kotlin
12 21 (2.63%) Ruby
13 19 (2.38%) Bash Shell
14 14 (1.75%) C
15 13 (1.63%) ES7
16 12 (1.50%) PowerShell
17 10 (1.25%) JPQL
18 9 (1.13%) Korn
Qualifications
1 108 (13.50%) Security Cleared
2 80 (10.00%) SC Cleared
3 29 (3.63%) Degree
4 19 (2.38%) Sun Certification
5 18 (2.25%) OCPJP
6 12 (1.50%) BPSS Clearance
7 11 (1.38%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.63%) DBS Check
9 4 (0.50%) Computer Science Degree
10 2 (0.25%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.13%) ISEB
11 1 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 1 (0.13%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (8.25%) QA
2 13 (1.63%) WCAG
3 3 (0.38%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.25%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.13%) GDPR
System Software
1 190 (23.75%) Docker
2 24 (3.00%) Postfix
2 24 (3.00%) vSphere
3 22 (2.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (1.50%) Active Directory
5 8 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.75%) HDFS
6 6 (0.75%) RACF
7 2 (0.25%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.13%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 104 (13.00%) Kubernetes
2 65 (8.13%) Grafana
3 47 (5.88%) Ansible
4 38 (4.75%) Prometheus
5 36 (4.50%) Kibana
6 35 (4.38%) Puppet
7 27 (3.38%) FreeIPA
7 27 (3.38%) Opscode Chef
8 16 (2.00%) Terraform
9 8 (1.00%) logstash
10 5 (0.63%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 4 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
11 4 (0.50%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 3 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
12 3 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
13 2 (0.25%) Istio
13 2 (0.25%) Mesos
13 2 (0.25%) Rancher
13 2 (0.25%) ZABBIX
14 1 (0.13%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 119 (14.88%) Oracle
2 63 (7.88%) Google
3 62 (7.75%) Red Hat
4 47 (5.88%) IBM
5 43 (5.38%) Black Duck
6 39 (4.88%) Splunk
7 30 (3.75%) Adobe
8 26 (3.25%) MuleSoft
9 25 (3.13%) VMware
10 20 (2.50%) Microsoft
11 18 (2.25%) Sun
12 16 (2.00%) Atlassian
12 16 (2.00%) SAP
13 13 (1.63%) AppDynamics
14 12 (1.50%) Sybase
15 11 (1.38%) F5
16 10 (1.25%) Blue Coat
16 10 (1.25%) webMethods
17 8 (1.00%) hybris
17 8 (1.00%) Salesforce.com