Period
to 23 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 23 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
23 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 277 226 204
Rank change year-on-year -51 -22 +22
Contract jobs citing JUnit 600 1,245 1,350
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.89% 1.27% 1.33%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.20% 5.96% 7.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 403 791 971
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +8.11% +2.78%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £338
90th Percentile £616 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 11 10
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £62.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% -28.00% +73.61%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £62.50
% change year-on-year -22.22% -28.00% +73.61%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 11,542 20,880 18,777
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.13% 21.25% 18.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,579 14,293 13,141
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £637 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £423
% change year-on-year - +6.51% +5.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 199 281 234
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.16% -4.44% +9.76%
10th Percentile £18.17 £30.00 £30.90
90th Percentile £62.75 £55.00 £67.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £44.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -6.82% -2.22% +9.76%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 23 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -48 555 £500 - 196
London +5 315 £525 - 92
UK excluding London -86 275 £475 +5.56% 119
North of England -27 80 £500 +5.26% 31
Midlands +30 69 £475 +5.56% 10
West Midlands +70 62 £475 +5.56% 3
South West -3 47 £500 +5.26% 31
Yorkshire +27 40 £544 +8.75% 12
South East -59 34 £405 -4.71% 19
Scotland -38 25 £450 +20.00% 10
North East +19 24 £410 -2.61% 3
North West -37 16 £475 +2.70% 16
East of England -7 9 £490 -6.22% 13
East Midlands 0 7 £375 -23.08% 7
Northern Ireland +5 6 £431 +4.61% 1
Wales +13 4 £400 -0.93% 4
Channel Islands -4 1 - -

For the 6 months to 23 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 534 (89.00%) Java
2 432 (72.00%) Agile Software Development
3 419 (69.83%) Spring
4 293 (48.83%) Git (software)
5 271 (45.17%) Jenkins
6 263 (43.83%) Maven
7 259 (43.17%) Microservices
8 252 (42.00%) TDD
9 241 (40.17%) Mockito
10 231 (38.50%) Scrum
11 225 (37.50%) REST
12 224 (37.33%) Spring Boot
13 199 (33.17%) RESTful
14 188 (31.33%) SQL
15 185 (30.83%) Web Services
15 185 (30.83%) Continuous Integration
16 183 (30.50%) Java 8
17 174 (29.00%) Cucumber
18 167 (27.83%) AngularJS
19 162 (27.00%) AWS
20 161 (26.83%) JavaScript
21 159 (26.50%) Open Source
22 157 (26.17%) Test Automation
23 151 (25.17%) SOAP
24 140 (23.33%) BDD
25 133 (22.17%) Gradle
25 133 (22.17%) Docker
26 126 (21.00%) Selenium
26 126 (21.00%) XML
27 125 (20.83%) HTML

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 66 (11.00%) Confluence
2 55 (9.17%) Tomcat
3 53 (8.83%) WebLogic
4 45 (7.50%) Apache
5 44 (7.33%) Elasticsearch
6 32 (5.33%) JBoss
7 30 (5.00%) WebSphere
8 10 (1.67%) Mule
9 9 (1.50%) Cloud Foundry
10 8 (1.33%) Apache Spark
11 6 (1.00%) Jetty
11 6 (1.00%) nginx
11 6 (1.00%) WildFly
12 5 (0.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 4 (0.67%) Anypoint
14 3 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 3 (0.50%) Alfresco
14 3 (0.50%) Commerce Server
15 2 (0.33%) SAS
15 2 (0.33%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 10 (1.67%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (1.33%) Oracle AML
2 7 (1.17%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.17%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 162 (27.00%) AWS
2 79 (13.17%) GitHub
3 77 (12.83%) Amazon EC2
4 73 (12.17%) Azure
5 51 (8.50%) Amazon SQS
6 31 (5.17%) Google Analytics
7 14 (2.33%) PaaS
8 12 (2.00%) Amazon S3
8 12 (2.00%) OpenShift
9 10 (1.67%) Serverless
10 9 (1.50%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (1.17%) SaaS
12 6 (1.00%) Heroku
12 6 (1.00%) Kong
13 5 (0.83%) GCP
14 3 (0.50%) AWS CloudFormation
14 3 (0.50%) IaaS
15 2 (0.33%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
15 2 (0.33%) Twilio
16 1 (0.17%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 65 (10.83%) HTTP
2 44 (7.33%) TCP/IP
3 36 (6.00%) SSL
4 15 (2.50%) HTTPS
5 6 (1.00%) AMQP
5 6 (1.00%) FTP
5 6 (1.00%) Internet
6 4 (0.67%) Kerberos
7 3 (0.50%) LAN
7 3 (0.50%) VoIP
8 2 (0.33%) CTI
8 2 (0.33%) DHCP
8 2 (0.33%) Firewall
8 2 (0.33%) RTMP
8 2 (0.33%) Unified Communications
8 2 (0.33%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 90 (15.00%) PostgreSQL
2 82 (13.67%) NoSQL
3 69 (11.50%) MySQL
4 63 (10.50%) Amazon RDS
5 51 (8.50%) SQL Server
6 43 (7.17%) Relational Database
7 41 (6.83%) MongoDB
8 39 (6.50%) Oracle Database
9 28 (4.67%) RDBMS
10 20 (3.33%) DB2
11 14 (2.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 13 (2.17%) Redis
13 12 (2.00%) Apache Cassandra
13 12 (2.00%) Big Data
13 12 (2.00%) Oracle Database 12c
14 11 (1.83%) BusinessObjects
15 8 (1.33%) Oracle Database 10g
16 7 (1.17%) Couchbase
17 6 (1.00%) Hadoop
18 5 (0.83%) Infinispan
Development Applications
1 293 (48.83%) Git (software)
2 271 (45.17%) Jenkins
3 263 (43.83%) Maven
4 241 (40.17%) Mockito
5 174 (29.00%) Cucumber
6 133 (22.17%) Gradle
7 126 (21.00%) Selenium
8 123 (20.50%) JIRA
9 82 (13.67%) SonarQube
10 69 (11.50%) jMock
11 64 (10.67%) DbUnit
12 63 (10.50%) Eclipse
13 51 (8.50%) Ant
14 41 (6.83%) Subversion
15 35 (5.83%) IntelliJ
16 34 (5.67%) Gatling
16 34 (5.67%) Spock
17 33 (5.50%) Bitbucket
18 28 (4.67%) Artifactory
18 28 (4.67%) GitLab
General
1 91 (15.17%) Public Sector
2 80 (13.33%) Banking
3 65 (10.83%) Finance
4 21 (3.50%) Marketing
5 17 (2.83%) Retail
6 15 (2.50%) Front Office
6 15 (2.50%) Investment Banking
7 6 (1.00%) Automotive
7 6 (1.00%) Manufacturing
8 5 (0.83%) Pharmaceutical
8 5 (0.83%) Retail Banking
9 4 (0.67%) Electronics
9 4 (0.67%) Telecoms
10 2 (0.33%) Advertising
10 2 (0.33%) Back Office
10 2 (0.33%) Police
11 1 (0.17%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.17%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.17%) French Language
Job Titles
1 502 (83.67%) Developer
2 349 (58.17%) Java Developer
3 50 (8.33%) Senior Developer
4 49 (8.17%) Full Stack Developer
4 49 (8.17%) SC Cleared Java Developer
5 48 (8.00%) Backend Developer
6 45 (7.50%) Senior Java Developer
7 29 (4.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 19 (3.17%) Java Engineer
8 19 (3.17%) Software Developer
9 17 (2.83%) Agile Developer
9 17 (2.83%) Agile Java Developer
9 17 (2.83%) Android Developer
10 16 (2.67%) Architect
10 16 (2.67%) AWS Developer
11 15 (2.50%) Analyst
11 15 (2.50%) Angular Developer
11 15 (2.50%) DevOps Developer
12 14 (2.33%) DevOps Engineer
13 13 (2.17%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 419 (69.83%) Spring
2 225 (37.50%) REST
3 224 (37.33%) Spring Boot
4 199 (33.17%) RESTful
5 185 (30.83%) Web Services
6 167 (27.83%) AngularJS
7 151 (25.17%) SOAP
8 126 (21.00%) XML
9 125 (20.83%) HTML
10 118 (19.67%) CSS
11 116 (19.33%) Hibernate
12 103 (17.17%) JSON
13 96 (16.00%) Node.js
14 93 (15.50%) JPA
15 92 (15.33%) React
16 82 (13.67%) J2EE
17 72 (12.00%) HTML5
18 68 (11.33%) PowerMock
19 66 (11.00%) Spring Cloud
20 64 (10.67%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 30 (5.00%) User Experience
2 28 (4.67%) Mobile App
3 23 (3.83%) Data Structures
4 22 (3.67%) Greenfield Project
5 14 (2.33%) Algorithms
5 14 (2.33%) Fixed Income
6 13 (2.17%) Enterprise Software
7 12 (2.00%) Mobile Payment
7 12 (2.00%) NHS
8 11 (1.83%) Analytical Skills
9 10 (1.67%) Linux Command Line
10 9 (1.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 9 (1.50%) Virtual Team
11 8 (1.33%) Mobile Banking
12 6 (1.00%) Mainframe
13 5 (0.83%) Public Cloud
14 3 (0.50%) Digital Wallet
14 3 (0.50%) IVR
14 3 (0.50%) Mobile Wallet
14 3 (0.50%) VUI
Operating Systems
1 88 (14.67%) Linux
2 79 (13.17%) Unix
3 26 (4.33%) Android
4 18 (3.00%) Windows
5 15 (2.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (1.00%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.67%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.67%) CentOS
8 3 (0.50%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 432 (72.00%) Agile Software Development
2 259 (43.17%) Microservices
3 252 (42.00%) TDD
4 231 (38.50%) Scrum
5 185 (30.83%) Continuous Integration
6 159 (26.50%) Open Source
7 157 (26.17%) Test Automation
8 140 (23.33%) BDD
9 115 (19.17%) DevOps
10 106 (17.67%) Pair Programming
11 103 (17.17%) Kanban
12 50 (8.33%) Problem-Solving
13 47 (7.83%) Continuous Improvement
14 44 (7.33%) Front End Development
14 44 (7.33%) Unit Testing
15 43 (7.17%) Analytics
16 42 (7.00%) OO
16 42 (7.00%) Web Development
17 40 (6.67%) Multithreading
18 39 (6.50%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 534 (89.00%) Java
2 188 (31.33%) SQL
3 183 (30.50%) Java 8
4 161 (26.83%) JavaScript
5 41 (6.83%) Bash Shell
6 39 (6.50%) Scala
7 37 (6.17%) Kotlin
8 35 (5.83%) ES6
9 34 (5.67%) Python
10 31 (5.17%) Groovy
11 30 (5.00%) C#
12 29 (4.83%) Shell Script
13 28 (4.67%) PL/SQL
14 9 (1.50%) Haskell
14 9 (1.50%) Ruby
15 8 (1.33%) Perl
16 7 (1.17%) C
16 7 (1.17%) TypeScript
17 5 (0.83%) Go
18 4 (0.67%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 110 (18.33%) Security Cleared
2 91 (15.17%) SC Cleared
3 28 (4.67%) Degree
4 16 (2.67%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (2.17%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (1.50%) DBS Check
7 6 (1.00%) Sun Certification
8 5 (0.83%) DV Cleared
9 4 (0.67%) ISEB
9 4 (0.67%) OCPJP
10 3 (0.50%) Master's Degree
11 2 (0.33%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (4.50%) WCAG
2 26 (4.33%) QA
3 3 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.17%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.17%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 133 (22.17%) Docker
2 48 (8.00%) Postfix
3 19 (3.17%) VMware Infrastructure
3 19 (3.17%) vSphere
4 4 (0.67%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.50%) HDFS
6 2 (0.33%) RACF
6 2 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.17%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 49 (8.17%) Kubernetes
2 34 (5.67%) Grafana
3 32 (5.33%) Kibana
4 21 (3.50%) Puppet
5 19 (3.17%) Ansible
6 8 (1.33%) Terraform
7 5 (0.83%) NetIQ Identity Manager
7 5 (0.83%) Oracle Identity Manager
7 5 (0.83%) Prometheus
8 3 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.33%) Hadoop YARN
9 2 (0.33%) logstash
9 2 (0.33%) Mesos
9 2 (0.33%) Opscode Chef
10 1 (0.17%) CloudHub
10 1 (0.17%) Graphite
10 1 (0.17%) HP ALM
10 1 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
10 1 (0.17%) Istio
10 1 (0.17%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 100 (16.67%) Oracle
2 43 (7.17%) Google
3 24 (4.00%) Microsoft
4 22 (3.67%) Red Hat
4 22 (3.67%) VMware
5 14 (2.33%) MuleSoft
6 13 (2.17%) IBM
7 10 (1.67%) BEA
7 10 (1.67%) webMethods
8 9 (1.50%) Charles River
9 8 (1.33%) ForgeRock
9 8 (1.33%) NetIQ
9 8 (1.33%) SAP
10 7 (1.17%) Atlassian
11 6 (1.00%) Adobe
11 6 (1.00%) Sun
12 4 (0.67%) Cognizant
12 4 (0.67%) Splunk
12 4 (0.67%) Twitter
13 3 (0.50%) CA