Period
to 6 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 6 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
6 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 292 208 202
Rank change year-on-year -84 -6 +5
Contract jobs citing JUnit 711 1,407 1,399
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.87% 1.34% 1.35%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.11% 6.28% 7.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 469 927 965
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
10th Percentile £368 £356 £322
90th Percentile £625 £624 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +11.76% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 12 24
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £62.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% -32.00% +73.61%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £62.50
% change year-on-year -17.65% -32.00% +73.61%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 13,914 22,397 19,340
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.07% 21.36% 18.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,094 15,406 13,506
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 248 231 278
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £43.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.33% +1.18% +3.66%
10th Percentile £18.32 £30.00 £29.00
90th Percentile £65.75 £53.75 £61.78
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -1.16% +1.18% +3.66%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 6 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -55 646 £500 - 174
UK excluding London -84 366 £475 +11.76% 96
London -58 333 £535 -1.61% 90
North of England +7 127 £495 +16.47% 30
Midlands -1 69 £475 +5.56% 14
Yorkshire +65 60 £550 +29.41% 10
South East -69 56 £425 - 17
West Midlands +31 55 £475 +5.56% 10
South West -25 51 £500 +11.11% 14
North East +30 41 £481 +21.84% 6
Scotland -32 40 £444 +10.94% 7
North West -49 26 £456 +7.35% 14
East Midlands -13 14 £400 -15.79% 4
East of England -4 9 £475 -9.09% 9
Channel Islands -2 6 - -
Wales +5 5 £413 -9.48% 3
Northern Ireland -9 4 £431 +4.61% 2

For the 6 months to 6 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 602 (84.67%) Java
2 503 (70.75%) Agile Software Development
3 440 (61.88%) Spring
4 374 (52.60%) Git (software)
5 356 (50.07%) Jenkins
6 319 (44.87%) Maven
7 300 (42.19%) TDD
8 279 (39.24%) Scrum
9 276 (38.82%) Mockito
10 256 (36.01%) Microservices
11 235 (33.05%) REST
12 223 (31.36%) Test Automation
13 218 (30.66%) Continuous Integration
14 211 (29.68%) Web Services
15 206 (28.97%) JavaScript
16 197 (27.71%) RESTful
17 195 (27.43%) Spring Boot
18 190 (26.72%) SQL
19 185 (26.02%) AngularJS
20 183 (25.74%) JIRA
21 181 (25.46%) DevOps
22 180 (25.32%) AWS
23 178 (25.04%) BDD
24 177 (24.89%) Cucumber
24 177 (24.89%) SOAP
24 177 (24.89%) Java 8
25 160 (22.50%) Selenium
26 153 (21.52%) Open Source
27 149 (20.96%) Hibernate
28 139 (19.55%) HTML

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (15.19%) Confluence
2 79 (11.11%) Tomcat
3 70 (9.85%) Apache
4 59 (8.30%) JBoss
5 46 (6.47%) WebLogic
6 33 (4.64%) WebSphere
7 24 (3.38%) Elasticsearch
8 22 (3.09%) Mule
9 20 (2.81%) Cloud Foundry
10 17 (2.39%) Jetty
11 11 (1.55%) nginx
12 10 (1.41%) Anypoint
13 8 (1.13%) Apache Spark
13 8 (1.13%) SharePoint
14 7 (0.98%) WildFly
15 6 (0.84%) Alfresco
15 6 (0.84%) Apache Solr
15 6 (0.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 4 (0.56%) WebSphere Application Server
17 3 (0.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 8 (1.13%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (1.13%) Oracle AML
2 5 (0.70%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 180 (25.32%) AWS
2 99 (13.92%) Azure
3 91 (12.80%) GitHub
4 82 (11.53%) Amazon EC2
5 54 (7.59%) Amazon SQS
6 43 (6.05%) Google Analytics
7 28 (3.94%) Slack
8 18 (2.53%) OpenShift
9 14 (1.97%) Amazon S3
9 14 (1.97%) Serverless
10 13 (1.83%) npm
10 13 (1.83%) PaaS
11 11 (1.55%) AWS Lambda
12 9 (1.27%) Amazon EKS
13 8 (1.13%) BrowserStack
14 6 (0.84%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 6 (0.84%) Dynamics 365
14 6 (0.84%) GCP
14 6 (0.84%) SuccessFactors
15 5 (0.70%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 77 (10.83%) HTTP
2 59 (8.30%) TCP/IP
3 40 (5.63%) SSL
4 16 (2.25%) HTTPS
5 14 (1.97%) FTP
5 14 (1.97%) OpenVPN
6 11 (1.55%) Internet
7 4 (0.56%) Kerberos
8 3 (0.42%) AMQP
8 3 (0.42%) Skype
8 3 (0.42%) VoIP
9 2 (0.28%) CTI
9 2 (0.28%) DHCP
9 2 (0.28%) DNS
9 2 (0.28%) Firewall
9 2 (0.28%) LAN
9 2 (0.28%) Unified Communications
9 2 (0.28%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 91 (12.80%) PostgreSQL
2 85 (11.95%) NoSQL
3 67 (9.42%) SQL Server
4 63 (8.86%) Amazon RDS
5 60 (8.44%) MySQL
6 48 (6.75%) Oracle Database
7 47 (6.61%) Relational Database
8 39 (5.49%) MongoDB
9 36 (5.06%) RDBMS
10 26 (3.66%) DB2
11 22 (3.09%) Apache Cassandra
12 15 (2.11%) Redis
13 14 (1.97%) Big Data
14 13 (1.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 12 (1.69%) Oracle Database 12c
16 11 (1.55%) BusinessObjects
17 8 (1.13%) Couchbase
17 8 (1.13%) Oracle Database 10g
18 7 (0.98%) Hadoop
19 6 (0.84%) Infinispan
Development Applications
1 374 (52.60%) Git (software)
2 356 (50.07%) Jenkins
3 319 (44.87%) Maven
4 276 (38.82%) Mockito
5 183 (25.74%) JIRA
6 177 (24.89%) Cucumber
7 160 (22.50%) Selenium
8 126 (17.72%) SonarQube
9 107 (15.05%) Gradle
10 93 (13.08%) jMock
11 83 (11.67%) DbUnit
12 81 (11.39%) Eclipse
13 59 (8.30%) Ant
14 57 (8.02%) Subversion
15 56 (7.88%) JMeter
16 51 (7.17%) IntelliJ
17 50 (7.03%) Sonatype Nexus
18 38 (5.34%) Gatling
19 31 (4.36%) Bitbucket
20 28 (3.94%) Artifactory
General
1 102 (14.35%) Finance
2 86 (12.10%) Public Sector
3 83 (11.67%) Banking
4 29 (4.08%) Retail
5 18 (2.53%) Marketing
6 15 (2.11%) Front Office
7 12 (1.69%) Investment Banking
8 10 (1.41%) Manufacturing
8 10 (1.41%) Retail Banking
8 10 (1.41%) Telecoms
9 6 (0.84%) Automotive
9 6 (0.84%) Pharmaceutical
10 5 (0.70%) Electronics
11 4 (0.56%) Advertising
11 4 (0.56%) Legal
12 2 (0.28%) Aerospace
12 2 (0.28%) Law
12 2 (0.28%) Police
12 2 (0.28%) Publishing
13 1 (0.14%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 570 (80.17%) Developer
2 388 (54.57%) Java Developer
3 61 (8.58%) Full Stack Developer
4 59 (8.30%) Senior Developer
5 56 (7.88%) SC Cleared Java Developer
6 51 (7.17%) Senior Java Developer
7 45 (6.33%) Backend Developer
8 34 (4.78%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 30 (4.22%) Agile Developer
9 30 (4.22%) Agile Java Developer
10 27 (3.80%) DevOps Engineer
11 24 (3.38%) Software Developer
12 22 (3.09%) Architect
13 21 (2.95%) Java Engineer
14 20 (2.81%) Android Developer
14 20 (2.81%) JavaScript Developer
15 18 (2.53%) AWS Developer
15 18 (2.53%) AWS DevOps
16 16 (2.25%) Analyst
16 16 (2.25%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 440 (61.88%) Spring
2 235 (33.05%) REST
3 211 (29.68%) Web Services
4 197 (27.71%) RESTful
5 195 (27.43%) Spring Boot
6 185 (26.02%) AngularJS
7 177 (24.89%) SOAP
8 149 (20.96%) Hibernate
9 139 (19.55%) HTML
9 139 (19.55%) JSON
10 134 (18.85%) XML
11 131 (18.42%) CSS
12 129 (18.14%) Node.js
13 105 (14.77%) React
14 93 (13.08%) J2EE
15 88 (12.38%) PowerMock
16 85 (11.95%) JPA
17 84 (11.81%) HTML5
18 66 (9.28%) Kafka
19 64 (9.00%) Spring Cloud
Miscellaneous
1 40 (5.63%) User Experience
2 26 (3.66%) Data Structures
3 25 (3.52%) Greenfield Project
4 21 (2.95%) Algorithms
4 21 (2.95%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (2.53%) NHS
6 17 (2.39%) Linux Command Line
7 16 (2.25%) Mobile App
8 11 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
8 11 (1.55%) Virtual Team
9 9 (1.27%) Fixed Income
10 7 (0.98%) Mobile Banking
11 5 (0.70%) Equities
11 5 (0.70%) iSeries
11 5 (0.70%) Mobile Payment
11 5 (0.70%) Self-Motivation
12 4 (0.56%) Client/Server
12 4 (0.56%) Cloud Native
12 4 (0.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 4 (0.56%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 106 (14.91%) Linux
2 97 (13.64%) Unix
3 35 (4.92%) Android
4 28 (3.94%) Windows
5 13 (1.83%) Apple iOS
5 13 (1.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 10 (1.41%) Ubuntu
7 7 (0.98%) Mac OS
8 6 (0.84%) Solaris
9 5 (0.70%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 503 (70.75%) Agile Software Development
2 300 (42.19%) TDD
3 279 (39.24%) Scrum
4 256 (36.01%) Microservices
5 223 (31.36%) Test Automation
6 218 (30.66%) Continuous Integration
7 181 (25.46%) DevOps
8 178 (25.04%) BDD
9 153 (21.52%) Open Source
10 129 (18.14%) Kanban
11 112 (15.75%) Pair Programming
12 85 (11.95%) OO
12 85 (11.95%) Unit Testing
13 60 (8.44%) Analytics
14 55 (7.74%) Continuous Improvement
15 53 (7.45%) Front End Development
16 50 (7.03%) Mentoring
16 50 (7.03%) Software Engineering
17 46 (6.47%) E-Commerce
17 46 (6.47%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 602 (84.67%) Java
2 206 (28.97%) JavaScript
3 190 (26.72%) SQL
4 177 (24.89%) Java 8
5 53 (7.45%) Scala
6 42 (5.91%) ES6
7 40 (5.63%) Python
8 36 (5.06%) Kotlin
9 34 (4.78%) Bash Shell
10 32 (4.50%) C#
10 32 (4.50%) TypeScript
11 28 (3.94%) Groovy
11 28 (3.94%) Shell Script
12 18 (2.53%) PL/SQL
13 14 (1.97%) Ruby
14 13 (1.83%) Perl
15 11 (1.55%) T-SQL
16 9 (1.27%) Haskell
17 8 (1.13%) ES7
17 8 (1.13%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 127 (17.86%) Security Cleared
2 103 (14.49%) SC Cleared
3 27 (3.80%) Degree
4 15 (2.11%) BPSS Clearance
5 11 (1.55%) Computer Science Degree
6 9 (1.27%) DBS Check
7 8 (1.13%) Sun Certification
8 6 (0.84%) DV Cleared
9 5 (0.70%) OCPJP
10 2 (0.28%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.28%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.14%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.14%) ISEB
11 1 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (5.49%) QA
2 26 (3.66%) WCAG
3 4 (0.56%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.14%) GDPR
4 1 (0.14%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.14%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 136 (19.13%) Docker
2 46 (6.47%) Postfix
3 33 (4.64%) vSphere
4 32 (4.50%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.56%) HDFS
6 2 (0.28%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 73 (10.27%) Kubernetes
2 57 (8.02%) Grafana
3 42 (5.91%) Kibana
4 28 (3.94%) Puppet
5 27 (3.80%) Ansible
6 23 (3.23%) Prometheus
7 17 (2.39%) Terraform
8 14 (1.97%) FreeIPA
9 10 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
10 6 (0.84%) logstash
10 6 (0.84%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 5 (0.70%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 4 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
13 3 (0.42%) HP Quality Center
14 2 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
14 2 (0.28%) Istio
14 2 (0.28%) Mesos
15 1 (0.14%) Apache Slider
15 1 (0.14%) HP ALM
15 1 (0.14%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 108 (15.19%) Oracle
2 66 (9.28%) Google
3 36 (5.06%) VMware
4 32 (4.50%) Microsoft
5 29 (4.08%) Red Hat
6 26 (3.66%) IBM
6 26 (3.66%) Splunk
7 20 (2.81%) MuleSoft
8 18 (2.53%) Black Duck
9 17 (2.39%) webMethods
10 15 (2.11%) SAP
11 13 (1.83%) Adobe
12 9 (1.27%) AppDynamics
12 9 (1.27%) Charles River
12 9 (1.27%) NetIQ
13 8 (1.13%) Blue Coat
13 8 (1.13%) F5
13 8 (1.13%) ForgeRock
14 7 (0.98%) Atlassian
14 7 (0.98%) Sun