Period
to 3 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 3 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
3 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 235 274 238
Rank change year-on-year +39 -36 -22
Contract jobs citing JUnit 390 916 1,211
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.08% 1.00% 1.17%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.01% 5.20% 5.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 246 590 842
Median daily rate £475 £491 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.31% +3.42% +5.56%
10th Percentile £350 £363 £350
90th Percentile £621 £638 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £438
% change year-on-year -5.26% +8.57% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 4 10
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.84 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.29% -9.26% +9.09%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £46.67 £45.00
% change year-on-year -25.01% +3.71% +8.43%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 6,494 17,625 21,022
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.03% 19.17% 20.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,186 11,515 14,450
Median daily rate £500 £475 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +1.06% +6.82%
10th Percentile £327 £329 £319
90th Percentile £663 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 133 291 224
Median hourly rate £42.50 £44.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +1.19%
10th Percentile £22.00 £24.00 £26.50
90th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £57.63
Median hourly rate £44.50 £43.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year +2.30% +3.57% -1.18%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 3 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 3 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 3 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +64 367 £482 -3.55% 72
London +90 216 £525 - 36
UK excluding London +14 161 £450 -5.26% 41
North of England +59 63 £450 -5.26% 11
North West +74 35 £450 - 7
South East +106 28 £475 +5.56% 8
Work from Home -12 28 £475 - 5
South West +31 23 £500 - 5
Midlands +41 22 £358 -20.48% 7
Yorkshire +53 19 £500 - 4
East of England +36 13 £400 -23.81% 4
West Midlands +32 12 £420 -6.67% 4
East Midlands +45 10 £315 -25.00% 3
North East +18 9 £572 +20.42%
Scotland +22 8 £350 -22.22% 5
Northern Ireland - 4 £451 - 1

For the 6 months to 3 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 296 (75.90%) Java
2 291 (74.62%) Agile Software Development
3 188 (48.21%) Git (software)
4 180 (46.15%) Jenkins
5 177 (45.38%) Spring
6 161 (41.28%) Maven
7 160 (41.03%) DevOps
8 143 (36.67%) Test Automation
9 136 (34.87%) Scrum
10 130 (33.33%) TDD
10 130 (33.33%) Mockito
11 121 (31.03%) Continuous Integration
12 118 (30.26%) REST
13 117 (30.00%) Cucumber
13 117 (30.00%) AWS
13 117 (30.00%) Docker
14 116 (29.74%) SQL
15 110 (28.21%) Spring Boot
16 103 (26.41%) Microservices
17 101 (25.90%) JavaScript
18 93 (23.85%) Web Services
18 93 (23.85%) GitHub
19 90 (23.08%) Finance
20 89 (22.82%) Selenium
21 85 (21.79%) RESTful
22 82 (21.03%) Gradle
23 81 (20.77%) JIRA
24 76 (19.49%) Linux
24 76 (19.49%) Java 8
25 73 (18.72%) Banking

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (13.59%) Confluence
2 37 (9.49%) Tomcat
3 24 (6.15%) Mule
4 20 (5.13%) JBoss
5 16 (4.10%) Apache
5 16 (4.10%) Elasticsearch
6 15 (3.85%) Cloud Foundry
6 15 (3.85%) WebSphere
7 13 (3.33%) WebLogic
8 9 (2.31%) Apache Spark
8 9 (2.31%) SharePoint
9 8 (2.05%) Red Hat Fuse
10 5 (1.28%) GlassFish
10 5 (1.28%) WebSphere Application Server
11 4 (1.03%) Anypoint
11 4 (1.03%) JCAPS
12 3 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 3 (0.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 2 (0.51%) nginx
14 1 (0.26%) Camunda
Applications
1 5 (1.28%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.77%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.77%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (1.03%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.26%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 117 (30.00%) AWS
2 93 (23.85%) GitHub
3 56 (14.36%) Azure
4 22 (5.64%) OpenShift
5 20 (5.13%) Amazon EC2
5 20 (5.13%) Slack
6 19 (4.87%) Coveralls
7 17 (4.36%) AWS Lambda
7 17 (4.36%) GCP
7 17 (4.36%) npm
7 17 (4.36%) Serverless
8 15 (3.85%) AWS CloudFormation
9 11 (2.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 10 (2.56%) AWS CloudTrail
10 10 (2.56%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 9 (2.31%) Apigee
11 9 (2.31%) PaaS
12 8 (2.05%) Amazon S3
12 8 (2.05%) Amazon SQS
13 7 (1.79%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 37 (9.49%) HTTP
2 28 (7.18%) DNS
3 21 (5.38%) SSL
4 20 (5.13%) TCP/IP
5 12 (3.08%) Firewall
6 11 (2.82%) FTP
7 9 (2.31%) HTTPS
7 9 (2.31%) Reverse Proxy
8 7 (1.79%) RTMP
9 4 (1.03%) Internet
9 4 (1.03%) LAN
10 3 (0.77%) AMQP
10 3 (0.77%) DHCP
10 3 (0.77%) Skype
10 3 (0.77%) WAN
11 1 (0.26%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (14.36%) NoSQL
1 56 (14.36%) Relational Database
2 44 (11.28%) SQL Server
3 34 (8.72%) MySQL
4 33 (8.46%) MongoDB
5 30 (7.69%) PostgreSQL
6 25 (6.41%) RDBMS
7 21 (5.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 15 (3.85%) DB2
9 12 (3.08%) Amazon RDS
10 11 (2.82%) Big Data
11 9 (2.31%) Hadoop
12 7 (1.79%) Redis
13 6 (1.54%) Azure SQL Database
13 6 (1.54%) DB2 UDB
14 5 (1.28%) Apache Cassandra
14 5 (1.28%) Data Warehouse
14 5 (1.28%) Power BI
14 5 (1.28%) Snowflake Schema
15 4 (1.03%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 188 (48.21%) Git (software)
2 180 (46.15%) Jenkins
3 161 (41.28%) Maven
4 130 (33.33%) Mockito
5 117 (30.00%) Cucumber
6 89 (22.82%) Selenium
7 82 (21.03%) Gradle
8 81 (20.77%) JIRA
9 54 (13.85%) SonarQube
10 43 (11.03%) Subversion
11 33 (8.46%) GitLab
12 29 (7.44%) JMeter
13 28 (7.18%) jMock
14 25 (6.41%) SoapUI
15 23 (5.90%) Bitbucket
15 23 (5.90%) git-flow
15 23 (5.90%) TeamCity
16 20 (5.13%) Bitbucket Server
16 20 (5.13%) Sonatype Nexus
17 19 (4.87%) NUnit
General
1 90 (23.08%) Finance
2 73 (18.72%) Banking
3 37 (9.49%) Investment Banking
4 27 (6.92%) Public Sector
5 13 (3.33%) Front Office
6 5 (1.28%) Marketing
7 4 (1.03%) Back Office
8 3 (0.77%) Legal
8 3 (0.77%) Police
9 2 (0.51%) Advertising
9 2 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
9 2 (0.51%) Retail
9 2 (0.51%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.26%) Electronics
10 1 (0.26%) French Language
10 1 (0.26%) Law
10 1 (0.26%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.26%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 247 (63.33%) Developer
2 148 (37.95%) Java Developer
3 38 (9.74%) Android Developer
4 24 (6.15%) Senior Developer
5 22 (5.64%) Full Stack Developer
5 22 (5.64%) Tester
6 20 (5.13%) Senior Java Developer
7 19 (4.87%) Java Engineer
7 19 (4.87%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 18 (4.62%) Test Engineer
9 17 (4.36%) Backend Developer
9 17 (4.36%) DevOps Engineer
10 16 (4.10%) AWS Engineer
11 15 (3.85%) Software Engineer
12 14 (3.59%) Automation Tester
13 12 (3.08%) Analyst
14 11 (2.82%) Java Software Developer
14 11 (2.82%) Software Test Engineer
15 10 (2.56%) Android Engineer
16 9 (2.31%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 177 (45.38%) Spring
2 118 (30.26%) REST
3 110 (28.21%) Spring Boot
4 93 (23.85%) Web Services
5 85 (21.79%) RESTful
6 67 (17.18%) AngularJS
7 64 (16.41%) SOAP
7 64 (16.41%) XML
8 55 (14.10%) JSON
9 54 (13.85%) Node.js
10 52 (13.33%) Hibernate
11 48 (12.31%) HTML
12 45 (11.54%) CSS
13 44 (11.28%) J2EE
14 38 (9.74%) Apache Camel
14 38 (9.74%) Retrofit
15 36 (9.23%) RxJava
16 35 (8.97%) Gherkin
16 35 (8.97%) WireMock
17 34 (8.72%) Material Design
Miscellaneous
1 35 (8.97%) Mobile App
2 18 (4.62%) Fixed Income
2 18 (4.62%) User Experience
3 13 (3.33%) Analytical Skills
3 13 (3.33%) Mobile Payment
4 12 (3.08%) Enterprise Software
5 11 (2.82%) Credit Risk
6 9 (2.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 8 (2.05%) Data Structures
8 6 (1.54%) Algorithms
8 6 (1.54%) Greenfield Project
8 6 (1.54%) Mainframe
9 5 (1.28%) Linux Command Line
9 5 (1.28%) Management Information System
9 5 (1.28%) Public Cloud
10 4 (1.03%) Clustering
10 4 (1.03%) Virtual Team
11 2 (0.51%) Animation
11 2 (0.51%) Client/Server
11 2 (0.51%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 76 (19.49%) Linux
2 63 (16.15%) Android
3 49 (12.56%) Unix
4 29 (7.44%) Windows
5 8 (2.05%) Apple iOS
6 6 (1.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (1.28%) Solaris
8 4 (1.03%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.26%) CentOS
9 1 (0.26%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.26%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 291 (74.62%) Agile Software Development
2 160 (41.03%) DevOps
3 143 (36.67%) Test Automation
4 136 (34.87%) Scrum
5 130 (33.33%) TDD
6 121 (31.03%) Continuous Integration
7 103 (26.41%) Microservices
8 73 (18.72%) Kanban
9 70 (17.95%) BDD
10 63 (16.15%) Pair Programming
11 56 (14.36%) SDLC
12 52 (13.33%) Android Development
13 48 (12.31%) Open Source
14 45 (11.54%) Software Engineering
15 40 (10.26%) Multithreading
16 37 (9.49%) Load Balancing
17 36 (9.23%) Architectural Design
17 36 (9.23%) Unit Testing
18 32 (8.21%) OO
19 28 (7.18%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 296 (75.90%) Java
2 116 (29.74%) SQL
3 101 (25.90%) JavaScript
4 76 (19.49%) Java 8
5 61 (15.64%) Python
6 55 (14.10%) Kotlin
7 26 (6.67%) Bash Shell
8 20 (5.13%) C#
9 17 (4.36%) ES6
10 16 (4.10%) Shell Script
11 14 (3.59%) Groovy
12 13 (3.33%) Scala
13 11 (2.82%) PL/SQL
13 11 (2.82%) PowerShell
14 8 (2.05%) C
14 8 (2.05%) Perl
15 6 (1.54%) PHP
16 5 (1.28%) Bourne shell
16 5 (1.28%) Korn
16 5 (1.28%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 56 (14.36%) Security Cleared
2 40 (10.26%) SC Cleared
3 15 (3.85%) Degree
4 10 (2.56%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.54%) BPSS Clearance
5 6 (1.54%) DBS Check
6 3 (0.77%) ISEB
6 3 (0.77%) ITIL Certification
7 2 (0.51%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.26%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.26%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.26%) OCPJP
8 1 (0.26%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
8 1 (0.26%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (18.21%) QA
2 8 (2.05%) Data Quality
3 7 (1.79%) WCAG
4 2 (0.51%) ISO 9001
4 2 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 117 (30.00%) Docker
2 12 (3.08%) Active Directory
3 10 (2.56%) vSphere
4 8 (2.05%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (1.28%) RACF
6 4 (1.03%) Postfix
7 3 (0.77%) NFS
8 1 (0.26%) HDFS
8 1 (0.26%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 50 (12.82%) Kubernetes
2 33 (8.46%) Opscode Chef
3 28 (7.18%) Terraform
4 26 (6.67%) Ansible
4 26 (6.67%) Puppet
5 11 (2.82%) Kibana
6 9 (2.31%) Grafana
7 6 (1.54%) Nagios
8 4 (1.03%) HP Quality Center
8 4 (1.03%) NetIQ Identity Manager
8 4 (1.03%) ZABBIX
9 3 (0.77%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.51%) logstash
11 1 (0.26%) Control-M
11 1 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
11 1 (0.26%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 43 (11.03%) Oracle
2 25 (6.41%) Splunk
3 15 (3.85%) AppDynamics
4 14 (3.59%) Blue Coat
4 14 (3.59%) F5
4 14 (3.59%) Google
5 13 (3.33%) MuleSoft
6 12 (3.08%) Atlassian
6 12 (3.08%) IBM
7 10 (2.56%) VMware
8 9 (2.31%) Red Hat
9 8 (2.05%) Sybase
10 7 (1.79%) Murex
11 5 (1.28%) Databricks
11 5 (1.28%) Microsoft
11 5 (1.28%) NetIQ
11 5 (1.28%) SAP
11 5 (1.28%) Sonatype
12 4 (1.03%) Pega
12 4 (1.03%) Twitter