Period
to 21 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 21 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
21 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 259 229 225
Rank change year-on-year -30 -4 +15
Contract jobs citing JUnit 975 1,213 1,017
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.07% 1.21% 1.13%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.26% 6.21% 6.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 593 828 653
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £363 £350 £310
90th Percentile £650 £588 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £448 £425
% change year-on-year +6.15% +5.29% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 5 17
UK median hourly rate £47.54 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.63% +12.50% -6.98%
10th Percentile £38.76 £29.10 £35.00
90th Percentile £64.48 £75.00 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £48.40 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +7.56% +12.50% -6.98%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 18,549 19,543 15,257
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.39% 19.42% 16.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,377 13,462 10,305
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.76% +1.19%
10th Percentile £331 £315 £300
90th Percentile £638 £610 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 286 212 313
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% - +0.12%
10th Percentile £23.63 £30.10 £21.10
90th Percentile £54.38 £67.25 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.75 £42.50 £42.25
% change year-on-year +2.94% +0.59% +0.60%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 21 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 21 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 21 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 903 £500 +5.26% 60
UK excluding London -15 532 £475 +6.15% 43
London -47 429 £525 +5.00% 29
North of England +8 136 £475 +10.47% 9
South East -31 130 £450 - 7
South West +33 83 £500 +17.65% 3
Midlands -5 70 £450 +5.88% 9
North West +19 64 £472 +12.44% 2
Yorkshire -5 60 £500 +16.28% 4
East of England -1 57 £513 +13.89% 3
Scotland +30 46 £450 +12.50% 7
West Midlands -6 36 £450 +5.88% 5
East Midlands +18 34 £448 +5.29% 4
North East +19 12 £325 -23.53% 3
Channel Islands - 7 £413 - 2
Wales +4 3 £450 -5.26% 2

For the 6 months to 21 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 883 (90.56%) Java
2 655 (67.18%) Agile Software Development
3 614 (62.97%) Spring
4 539 (55.28%) Git (software)
5 515 (52.82%) Jenkins
6 421 (43.18%) TDD
7 366 (37.54%) Maven
8 326 (33.44%) Scrum
9 318 (32.62%) Test Automation
9 318 (32.62%) RESTful
10 317 (32.51%) Microservices
11 292 (29.95%) DevOps
12 291 (29.85%) Web Services
13 288 (29.54%) JavaScript
14 287 (29.44%) Amazon AWS
15 276 (28.31%) JIRA
16 272 (27.90%) Continuous Integration
17 271 (27.79%) SQL
18 259 (26.56%) Spring Boot
19 258 (26.46%) BDD
20 256 (26.26%) Mockito
21 253 (25.95%) Docker
22 246 (25.23%) REST
23 236 (24.21%) Linux
24 226 (23.18%) Java 8
25 210 (21.54%) Cucumber
26 206 (21.13%) HTML
27 203 (20.82%) Hibernate
28 202 (20.72%) Open Source
29 199 (20.41%) SOAP

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (13.85%) Confluence
2 131 (13.44%) Tomcat
3 92 (9.44%) JBoss
4 83 (8.51%) Apache
5 67 (6.87%) WebSphere
6 56 (5.74%) nginx
7 54 (5.54%) WebLogic
8 43 (4.41%) Elasticsearch
9 31 (3.18%) Cloud Foundry
10 30 (3.08%) Apache Spark
11 27 (2.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 20 (2.05%) SharePoint
12 20 (2.05%) WebSphere Application Server
13 18 (1.85%) Apache Solr
14 17 (1.74%) CMS
15 15 (1.54%) Jetty
16 14 (1.44%) Mule
17 12 (1.23%) GlassFish
18 11 (1.13%) JCAPS
19 10 (1.03%) WildFly
Applications
1 5 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 6 (0.62%) Magento
1 6 (0.62%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.51%) Fredhopper
3 2 (0.21%) Infor M3
3 2 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 287 (29.44%) Amazon AWS
2 122 (12.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 68 (6.97%) Amazon EC2
4 53 (5.44%) GitHub
5 39 (4.00%) Google Cloud Platform
5 39 (4.00%) Slack
6 34 (3.49%) npm
7 24 (2.46%) PaaS
8 23 (2.36%) Google Analytics
9 19 (1.95%) Serverless
10 18 (1.85%) Amazon SQS
11 17 (1.74%) Amazon S3
12 14 (1.44%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 14 (1.44%) AWS Lambda
13 13 (1.33%) Sauce Labs
14 11 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
15 10 (1.03%) Amazon ELB
15 10 (1.03%) OpenShift
16 9 (0.92%) BrowserStack
16 9 (0.92%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 109 (11.18%) HTTP
2 51 (5.23%) TCP/IP
3 31 (3.18%) SSL
4 24 (2.46%) OpenVPN
5 14 (1.44%) FTP
6 12 (1.23%) Internet
7 5 (0.51%) DNS
8 4 (0.41%) AMQP
8 4 (0.41%) SNMP
9 3 (0.31%) DSL
10 2 (0.21%) DLNA
10 2 (0.21%) SSH
10 2 (0.21%) UPnP
10 2 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
11 1 (0.10%) BIG-IP
11 1 (0.10%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 135 (13.85%) NoSQL
2 126 (12.92%) Relational Database
3 114 (11.69%) MongoDB
4 98 (10.05%) MySQL
5 84 (8.62%) PostgreSQL
6 75 (7.69%) SQL Server
7 59 (6.05%) Oracle Database
8 38 (3.90%) Big Data
9 37 (3.79%) Redis
10 36 (3.69%) Amazon RDS
11 34 (3.49%) DB2
12 32 (3.28%) RDBMS
13 27 (2.77%) Hadoop
14 26 (2.67%) Apache Cassandra
15 22 (2.26%) HBase
16 12 (1.23%) Impala
17 11 (1.13%) Azure SQL Database
18 10 (1.03%) Apache Hive
19 9 (0.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 6 (0.62%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 539 (55.28%) Git (software)
2 515 (52.82%) Jenkins
3 366 (37.54%) Maven
4 276 (28.31%) JIRA
5 256 (26.26%) Mockito
6 210 (21.54%) Cucumber
7 184 (18.87%) Selenium
8 157 (16.10%) SonarQube
9 124 (12.72%) Subversion
10 116 (11.90%) Eclipse
11 85 (8.72%) jMock
12 82 (8.41%) Gradle
12 82 (8.41%) IntelliJ
13 65 (6.67%) JMeter
14 64 (6.56%) SoapUI
15 63 (6.46%) DbUnit
16 60 (6.15%) Sonatype Nexus
17 59 (6.05%) Ant
18 58 (5.95%) TeamCity
19 56 (5.74%) gulp
General
1 153 (15.69%) Finance
2 108 (11.08%) Banking
3 52 (5.33%) Retail
4 41 (4.21%) Investment Banking
5 28 (2.87%) Front Office
6 26 (2.67%) Games
7 24 (2.46%) Marketing
8 12 (1.23%) Back Office
9 8 (0.82%) Electronics
10 7 (0.72%) Legal
10 7 (0.72%) Manufacturing
10 7 (0.72%) Telecoms
11 6 (0.62%) Wholesale Banking
12 5 (0.51%) Advertising
13 4 (0.41%) Automotive
14 3 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
15 2 (0.21%) Financial Institution
15 2 (0.21%) International Banking
15 2 (0.21%) Publishing
15 2 (0.21%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 713 (73.13%) Developer
2 499 (51.18%) Java Developer
3 101 (10.36%) Senior Developer
4 94 (9.64%) Full Stack Developer
5 90 (9.23%) Senior Java Developer
6 72 (7.38%) Scala Developer
7 67 (6.87%) DevOps Engineer
8 56 (5.74%) Agile Developer
9 49 (5.03%) Lead Developer
10 46 (4.72%) Lead Java Developer
11 34 (3.49%) Java Engineer
12 29 (2.97%) Analyst
13 28 (2.87%) AWS Developer
14 25 (2.56%) Agile Java Developer
15 24 (2.46%) Tester
16 22 (2.26%) Backend Developer
16 22 (2.26%) Test Engineer
17 21 (2.15%) Software Developer
18 20 (2.05%) Automation Tester
18 20 (2.05%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 614 (62.97%) Spring
2 318 (32.62%) RESTful
3 291 (29.85%) Web Services
4 259 (26.56%) Spring Boot
5 246 (25.23%) REST
6 206 (21.13%) HTML
7 203 (20.82%) Hibernate
8 199 (20.41%) SOAP
9 192 (19.69%) AngularJS
10 186 (19.08%) CSS
11 165 (16.92%) J2EE
12 161 (16.51%) JSON
13 148 (15.18%) XML
14 142 (14.56%) Node.js
15 121 (12.41%) JMS
16 104 (10.67%) React
17 95 (9.74%) Apache Camel
18 93 (9.54%) jQuery
19 92 (9.44%) HTML5
19 92 (9.44%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 67 (6.87%) Greenfield Project
2 57 (5.85%) Analytical Skills
3 43 (4.41%) Mobile App
4 39 (4.00%) Enterprise Software
5 35 (3.59%) Data Structures
6 31 (3.18%) User Experience
7 29 (2.97%) Algorithms
8 22 (2.26%) Virtual Team
9 19 (1.95%) NHS
10 16 (1.64%) Mainframe
11 15 (1.54%) Fintech
11 15 (1.54%) Linux Command Line
12 12 (1.23%) Fixed Income
13 10 (1.03%) FMCG
14 9 (0.92%) Social Media
15 8 (0.82%) Cloud Native
16 7 (0.72%) Analytical Mindset
17 5 (0.51%) Equities
17 5 (0.51%) Management Information System
18 4 (0.41%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 236 (24.21%) Linux
2 173 (17.74%) Unix
3 61 (6.26%) Windows
4 40 (4.10%) CentOS
5 24 (2.46%) Ubuntu
6 21 (2.15%) Android
7 20 (2.05%) VMS
8 12 (1.23%) Apple iOS
9 5 (0.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.21%) Embedded Linux
10 2 (0.21%) Solaris
11 1 (0.10%) MVS
11 1 (0.10%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.10%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 655 (67.18%) Agile Software Development
2 421 (43.18%) TDD
3 326 (33.44%) Scrum
4 318 (32.62%) Test Automation
5 317 (32.51%) Microservices
6 292 (29.95%) DevOps
7 272 (27.90%) Continuous Integration
8 258 (26.46%) BDD
9 202 (20.72%) Open Source
10 158 (16.21%) Problem-Solving
11 146 (14.97%) Kanban
12 143 (14.67%) Unit Testing
13 114 (11.69%) OO
14 102 (10.46%) Configuration Management
15 101 (10.36%) Pair Programming
16 92 (9.44%) E-Commerce
17 87 (8.92%) MVC
18 81 (8.31%) SDLC
19 65 (6.67%) OWASP
20 61 (6.26%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 883 (90.56%) Java
2 288 (29.54%) JavaScript
3 271 (27.79%) SQL
4 226 (23.18%) Java 8
5 126 (12.92%) Scala
6 94 (9.64%) Python
7 92 (9.44%) Ruby
8 76 (7.79%) Groovy
9 68 (6.97%) C#
10 58 (5.95%) Shell Script
11 47 (4.82%) Bash Shell
12 43 (4.41%) Perl
13 33 (3.38%) ES6
14 23 (2.36%) C++
15 22 (2.26%) Haskell
16 17 (1.74%) TypeScript
17 14 (1.44%) Kotlin
17 14 (1.44%) XPath
18 13 (1.33%) C
18 13 (1.33%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 77 (7.90%) Security Cleared
2 62 (6.36%) BPSS Clearance
3 55 (5.64%) Degree
4 50 (5.13%) SC Cleared
5 20 (2.05%) Sun Certification
6 19 (1.95%) OCPJP
7 13 (1.33%) DBS Check
8 12 (1.23%) Computer Science Degree
9 10 (1.03%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.31%) ISTQB
11 2 (0.21%) BC Cleared
12 1 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.10%) ISEB
12 1 (0.10%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 102 (10.46%) QA
2 13 (1.33%) Disclosure Scotland
3 7 (0.72%) WCAG
4 4 (0.41%) HL7
5 2 (0.21%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.21%) PMO
6 1 (0.10%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.10%) EMIR
6 1 (0.10%) GDPR
6 1 (0.10%) MiFID
6 1 (0.10%) OASIS TOSCA
6 1 (0.10%) Section 508
System Software
1 253 (25.95%) Docker
2 41 (4.21%) VMware Infrastructure
2 41 (4.21%) vSphere
3 30 (3.08%) Virtual Machines
4 20 (2.05%) Active Directory
5 10 (1.03%) HDFS
6 9 (0.92%) Postfix
7 5 (0.51%) RACF
7 5 (0.51%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.21%) vCloud
9 1 (0.10%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 118 (12.10%) Kubernetes
2 97 (9.95%) Ansible
3 90 (9.23%) Puppet
4 71 (7.28%) Opscode Chef
5 69 (7.08%) Grafana
6 49 (5.03%) Kibana
7 41 (4.21%) Prometheus
8 29 (2.97%) Terraform
9 24 (2.46%) FreeIPA
10 16 (1.64%) logstash
11 12 (1.23%) Rancher
12 11 (1.13%) Control-M
13 6 (0.62%) Hadoop YARN
14 4 (0.41%) ZABBIX
15 3 (0.31%) Packer
16 2 (0.21%) HAProxy
16 2 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
17 1 (0.10%) CloudHub
17 1 (0.10%) HP Fortify
17 1 (0.10%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 155 (15.90%) Oracle
2 96 (9.85%) Google
3 53 (5.44%) Red Hat
4 48 (4.92%) Microsoft
5 46 (4.72%) VMware
6 44 (4.51%) Adobe
7 39 (4.00%) Splunk
8 38 (3.90%) Black Duck
9 32 (3.28%) Atlassian
10 31 (3.18%) IBM
10 31 (3.18%) Sybase
11 25 (2.56%) MuleSoft
12 23 (2.36%) webMethods
13 19 (1.95%) Sun
14 17 (1.74%) SAP
15 15 (1.54%) AppDynamics
16 10 (1.03%) Facebook
17 7 (0.72%) Perfecto Mobile
17 7 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
18 6 (0.62%) Charles River