Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 22 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
22 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 372 301 283
Rank change year-on-year -71 -18 -17
Contract jobs citing JUnit 574 486 427
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.66% 0.83% 0.89%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.74% 4.81% 4.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 353 319 299
10th Percentile £419 £370 £345
25th Percentile £473 £414 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -1.00% -
75th Percentile £673 £575 £572
90th Percentile £750 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - -5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 23 3
10th Percentile £46.63 £40.00 £46.29
25th Percentile £65.00 £46.13 £49.09
Median hourly rate £69.08 £65.00 £57.50
Median % change year-on-year +6.28% +13.04% +18.80%
75th Percentile £76.91 £67.00 £59.63
90th Percentile £77.50 £73.11 £60.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £70.00 £60.50 £58.00
% change year-on-year +15.70% +4.31% +19.83%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 15,330 10,102 8,707
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.50% 17.28% 18.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,760 6,794 5,990
10th Percentile £400 £340 £331
25th Percentile £460 £406 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -1.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £650 £588 £587
90th Percentile £750 £663 £669
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £438 £450
% change year-on-year +14.29% -2.78% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 205 191 131
10th Percentile £37.10 £27.50 £19.00
25th Percentile £39.75 £40.00 £37.25
Median hourly rate £52.50 £47.25 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -0.53% +7.51%
75th Percentile £65.00 £56.50 £53.75
90th Percentile £76.32 £65.25 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £46.20 £45.00
% change year-on-year +19.05% +2.67% -

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 22 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 22 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 22 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -80 456 £575 +15.00% 90
Work from Home -32 323 £550 +15.79% 37
London -81 285 £625 +19.05% 33
UK excluding London -50 144 £500 +11.11% 61
North of England -27 42 £500 +3.73% 19
Scotland -18 31 £475 +11.76% 1
North West -20 27 £500 +2.56% 13
South West -22 21 £600 +17.07% 12
South East -60 19 £500 +21.21% 12
East of England -21 16 £586 +26.70% 11
Yorkshire -31 14 £500 +8.11% 6
Midlands -38 14 £504 +30.42% 3
East Midlands -15 11 £513 +24.24% 1
West Midlands -48 3 £495 +37.50% 2
Northern Ireland -5 1 £475 - 2
North East -20 1 - -

For the 6 months to 22 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 490 (85.37%) Java
2 330 (57.49%) Agile
3 303 (52.79%) Spring
4 243 (42.33%) Git (software)
5 240 (41.81%) TDD
6 239 (41.64%) Jenkins
7 213 (37.11%) REST
8 208 (36.24%) Maven
9 206 (35.89%) Spring Boot
10 198 (34.49%) Test Automation
11 193 (33.62%) CI/CD
12 191 (33.28%) Scrum
13 172 (29.97%) Microservices
14 170 (29.62%) Mockito
15 157 (27.35%) AWS
16 155 (27.00%) JavaScript
17 152 (26.48%) DevOps
18 146 (25.44%) Docker
19 143 (24.91%) Cucumber
20 136 (23.69%) JIRA
21 131 (22.82%) Oracle
22 130 (22.65%) Linux
23 129 (22.47%) BDD
24 127 (22.13%) JSON
25 122 (21.25%) Hibernate
26 118 (20.56%) SQL
27 114 (19.86%) Social Skills
28 109 (18.99%) Confluence
29 105 (18.29%) Selenium
30 103 (17.94%) Azure

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (18.99%) Confluence
2 53 (9.23%) JBoss
3 33 (5.75%) Mule
4 26 (4.53%) Tomcat
5 23 (4.01%) Red Hat Fuse
6 18 (3.14%) Elasticsearch
7 16 (2.79%) Apache
8 13 (2.26%) CMS
8 13 (2.26%) Sitecore CMS
9 12 (2.09%) Cloud Foundry
9 12 (2.09%) WebSphere
10 11 (1.92%) Apache Spark
11 8 (1.39%) Apache Pulsar
11 8 (1.39%) Documentum
12 7 (1.22%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 7 (1.22%) FileNet
12 7 (1.22%) WebLogic
13 5 (0.87%) WildFly
14 4 (0.70%) Apache Airflow
14 4 (0.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 3 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
1 3 (0.52%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.17%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 7 (1.22%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (0.52%) WebTrends
3 2 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 157 (27.35%) AWS
2 103 (17.94%) Azure
3 82 (14.29%) GitHub
4 34 (5.92%) Amazon EC2
4 34 (5.92%) GCP
4 34 (5.92%) Serverless
5 33 (5.75%) AWS Lambda
6 25 (4.36%) Amazon S3
7 23 (4.01%) Amazon SQS
8 21 (3.66%) npm
9 18 (3.14%) Slack
10 17 (2.96%) Apigee
11 15 (2.61%) AWS CodePipeline
12 14 (2.44%) OpenShift
13 11 (1.92%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 11 (1.92%) GitHub Actions
14 9 (1.57%) Google Play
15 8 (1.39%) dbt
15 8 (1.39%) IaaS
15 8 (1.39%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 36 (6.27%) HTTP
2 22 (3.83%) Internet
3 7 (1.22%) LAN
4 4 (0.70%) HTTPS
5 2 (0.35%) 2G
5 2 (0.35%) 5G
5 2 (0.35%) Broadband
5 2 (0.35%) FTP
6 1 (0.17%) DHCP
6 1 (0.17%) DWDM
6 1 (0.17%) Firewall
6 1 (0.17%) GPON
6 1 (0.17%) MPLS
6 1 (0.17%) Reverse Proxy
6 1 (0.17%) SONET
6 1 (0.17%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.17%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 76 (13.24%) Relational Database
2 69 (12.02%) SQL Server
3 62 (10.80%) MongoDB
4 58 (10.10%) MySQL
5 48 (8.36%) PostgreSQL
6 47 (8.19%) NoSQL
7 23 (4.01%) Redis
8 20 (3.48%) Oracle Database
9 19 (3.31%) Big Data
10 16 (2.79%) Amazon RDS
11 14 (2.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 14 (2.44%) Apache Cassandra
12 12 (2.09%) HBase
13 11 (1.92%) RDBMS
13 11 (1.92%) SQLite
13 11 (1.92%) SQLPlus
14 9 (1.57%) Neo4j
15 8 (1.39%) Amazon Redshift
15 8 (1.39%) BigQuery
16 7 (1.22%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 243 (42.33%) Git (software)
2 239 (41.64%) Jenkins
3 208 (36.24%) Maven
4 170 (29.62%) Mockito
5 143 (24.91%) Cucumber
6 136 (23.69%) JIRA
7 105 (18.29%) Selenium
8 80 (13.94%) Gradle
9 62 (10.80%) GitLab
10 59 (10.28%) SonarQube
11 52 (9.06%) Subversion
12 49 (8.54%) JMeter
13 41 (7.14%) IntelliJ
13 41 (7.14%) Sonatype Nexus
14 35 (6.10%) jMock
15 34 (5.92%) Bitbucket
16 31 (5.40%) SoapUI
17 25 (4.36%) REST Assured
18 24 (4.18%) WebDriver
19 22 (3.83%) Eclipse
General
1 114 (19.86%) Social Skills
2 83 (14.46%) Finance
3 75 (13.07%) Public Sector
4 54 (9.41%) Banking
5 50 (8.71%) Front Office
6 36 (6.27%) Analytical Skills
7 31 (5.40%) Investment Banking
8 12 (2.09%) Marketing
9 11 (1.92%) Games
10 10 (1.74%) Retail
11 7 (1.22%) Automotive
11 7 (1.22%) Documentation Skills
11 7 (1.22%) Presentation Skills
11 7 (1.22%) Telecoms
12 6 (1.05%) Electronics
13 5 (0.87%) Legal
14 4 (0.70%) Financial Institution
15 3 (0.52%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.52%) Organisational Skills
16 2 (0.35%) Military
Job Titles
1 402 (70.03%) Developer
2 275 (47.91%) Java Developer
3 68 (11.85%) Senior Developer
4 41 (7.14%) Senior Java Developer
5 29 (5.05%) Full Stack Developer
6 23 (4.01%) Integration Developer
6 23 (4.01%) Software Developer
6 23 (4.01%) Tester
7 22 (3.83%) Android Developer
8 21 (3.66%) Automation Tester
9 20 (3.48%) Backend Developer
9 20 (3.48%) Software Engineer
10 19 (3.31%) Java Engineer
10 19 (3.31%) Java Middleware Developer
10 19 (3.31%) Middleware Developer
11 18 (3.14%) Front Office Developer
11 18 (3.14%) Test Engineer
12 17 (2.96%) DevOps Engineer
12 17 (2.96%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 14 (2.44%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 303 (52.79%) Spring
2 213 (37.11%) REST
3 206 (35.89%) Spring Boot
4 127 (22.13%) JSON
5 122 (21.25%) Hibernate
6 101 (17.60%) HTML
7 99 (17.25%) Web Services
8 75 (13.07%) CSS
9 73 (12.72%) RESTful
10 69 (12.02%) JPA
11 67 (11.67%) Kafka
12 66 (11.50%) Node.js
13 65 (11.32%) J2EE
13 65 (11.32%) React
14 63 (10.98%) SOAP
15 59 (10.28%) JMS
16 52 (9.06%) AngularJS
17 39 (6.79%) XML
18 37 (6.45%) HTML5
18 37 (6.45%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 44 (7.67%) User Experience
2 28 (4.88%) Algorithms
3 21 (3.66%) Mobile App
4 19 (3.31%) Fixed Income
5 17 (2.96%) Management Information System
6 15 (2.61%) Cloud Native
6 15 (2.61%) Self-Motivation
7 11 (1.92%) Replication
8 10 (1.74%) Data Protection Act
8 10 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
8 10 (1.74%) Greenfield Project
9 7 (1.22%) Client/Server
9 7 (1.22%) Data Structures
10 6 (1.05%) Blog
11 5 (0.87%) iPad
11 5 (0.87%) Linux Command Line
12 4 (0.70%) Credit Risk
13 3 (0.52%) Equity Derivative
13 3 (0.52%) Hedge funds
13 3 (0.52%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 130 (22.65%) Linux
2 40 (6.97%) Android
3 39 (6.79%) Unix
3 39 (6.79%) Windows
4 24 (4.18%) Apple iOS
5 6 (1.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.52%) AIX
6 3 (0.52%) CentOS
7 2 (0.35%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.35%) Windows Server 2016
8 1 (0.17%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.17%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.17%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 330 (57.49%) Agile
2 240 (41.81%) TDD
3 198 (34.49%) Test Automation
4 193 (33.62%) CI/CD
5 191 (33.28%) Scrum
6 172 (29.97%) Microservices
7 152 (26.48%) DevOps
8 129 (22.47%) BDD
9 102 (17.77%) Continuous Integration
10 91 (15.85%) Software Engineering
11 77 (13.41%) Unit Testing
12 73 (12.72%) Kanban
13 63 (10.98%) Event-Driven
14 60 (10.45%) OO
15 59 (10.28%) Full Stack Development
15 59 (10.28%) Problem-Solving
16 53 (9.23%) Mentoring
17 51 (8.89%) Integration Testing
18 49 (8.54%) Multithreading
19 45 (7.84%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 490 (85.37%) Java
2 155 (27.00%) JavaScript
3 118 (20.56%) SQL
4 84 (14.63%) Python
5 46 (8.01%) Kotlin
6 35 (6.10%) PL/SQL
6 35 (6.10%) Shell Script
7 25 (4.36%) TypeScript
8 24 (4.18%) C#
9 22 (3.83%) Scala
10 18 (3.14%) Ruby
11 17 (2.96%) Groovy
12 15 (2.61%) C
12 15 (2.61%) C++
13 14 (2.44%) Bash
14 11 (1.92%) Apple Swift
15 10 (1.74%) Go
15 10 (1.74%) PHP
16 8 (1.39%) ES6
16 8 (1.39%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 91 (15.85%) Security Cleared
2 77 (13.41%) SC Cleared
3 35 (6.10%) Degree
4 26 (4.53%) BPSS Clearance
5 21 (3.66%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (1.39%) DV Cleared
6 8 (1.39%) ISTQB
7 7 (1.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 6 (1.05%) Sun Certification
9 3 (0.52%) ISEB
9 3 (0.52%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.52%) OCPJP
10 2 (0.35%) MBA
10 2 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
10 2 (0.35%) PhD
11 1 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (7.49%) QA
2 35 (6.10%) Accessibility
3 12 (2.09%) WCAG
4 4 (0.70%) GDPR
5 3 (0.52%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.52%) NCSC
6 2 (0.35%) FATCA
7 1 (0.17%) PMBOK
System Software
1 146 (25.44%) Docker
2 7 (1.22%) Postfix
3 6 (1.05%) VirtualBox
4 5 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.70%) vSphere
6 2 (0.35%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.35%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.35%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 86 (14.98%) Kubernetes
2 62 (10.80%) Ansible
3 34 (5.92%) Terraform
4 30 (5.23%) Puppet
5 17 (2.96%) Kibana
6 15 (2.61%) Opscode Chef
7 10 (1.74%) Grafana
7 10 (1.74%) Prometheus
8 8 (1.39%) Nagios
9 3 (0.52%) logstash
10 2 (0.35%) Control-M
10 2 (0.35%) ITRS Geneos
10 2 (0.35%) Mesos
10 2 (0.35%) Oozie
10 2 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.17%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 1 (0.17%) Amdocs OSS
11 1 (0.17%) CA Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.17%) Istio
11 1 (0.17%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 131 (22.82%) Oracle
2 39 (6.79%) Google
3 26 (4.53%) AppDynamics
4 22 (3.83%) Microsoft
4 22 (3.83%) Sybase
5 20 (3.48%) IBM
6 19 (3.31%) Splunk
7 16 (2.79%) Atlassian
7 16 (2.79%) ION Trading
8 15 (2.61%) Mercator
9 13 (2.26%) Red Hat
9 13 (2.26%) Sitecore
10 10 (1.74%) Checkmarx
11 9 (1.57%) SAP
11 9 (1.57%) WSO2
12 8 (1.39%) Teradata
13 7 (1.22%) Adobe
13 7 (1.22%) hybris
13 7 (1.22%) OpenText
13 7 (1.22%) VMware