Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 231 220 210
Rank change year-on-year -11 -10 +95
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1,245 1,199 1,397
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.22% 1.25% 1.29%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.94% 6.94% 8.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 842 755 946
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +12.50%
10th Percentile £350 £319 £319
90th Percentile £588 £625 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £432 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +1.65% - +13.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 28 8
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.50 £37.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.43% +9.93% -0.66%
10th Percentile £37.25 £35.35 £26.56
90th Percentile £75.00 £63.75 £44.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £41.50 £37.75
% change year-on-year +8.43% +9.93% -0.66%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 20,973 17,265 17,087
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.54% 18.01% 15.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,364 11,837 11,619
UK median daily rate £473 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £320 £310 £300
90th Percentile £613 £594 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +6.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 223 296 276
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +0.59% +12.67%
10th Percentile £26.55 £28.75 £26.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £58.13 £53.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.25 £42.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -0.59% +1.19% +9.80%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 1,120 £488 +8.33% 216
UK excluding London -29 614 £432 +1.65% 145
London +16 609 £525 +5.00% 88
South East -26 186 £438 -10.39% 36
North of England -66 119 £425 +1.19% 36
Midlands +14 103 £425 +6.25% 32
Scotland 0 77 £400 -11.11% 14
North West -32 65 £415 -2.41% 23
West Midlands -24 54 £438 +2.94% 14
South West -5 53 £425 -1.45% 15
East Midlands +22 49 £415 +8.85% 18
East of England -35 48 £475 +35.71% 9
Yorkshire -42 43 £475 +11.76% 13
Northern Ireland +30 16 £432 +4.61% 3
Wales -17 11 £525 +16.67%
North East -29 11 £425 +32.73%
Channel Islands -7 1 - -

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1,139 (91.49%) Java
2 840 (67.47%) Agile Software Development
3 708 (56.87%) Spring
4 640 (51.41%) Git (software)
5 608 (48.84%) Jenkins
6 556 (44.66%) TDD
7 517 (41.53%) Maven
8 511 (41.04%) Test Automation
9 455 (36.55%) REST
10 432 (34.70%) Continuous Integration
11 430 (34.54%) Scrum
12 401 (32.21%) RESTful
13 387 (31.08%) Mockito
14 355 (28.51%) BDD
15 349 (28.03%) JavaScript
16 342 (27.47%) JIRA
17 336 (26.99%) Web Services
18 327 (26.27%) Hibernate
18 327 (26.27%) Microservices
19 323 (25.94%) SQL
20 304 (24.42%) Java 8
21 285 (22.89%) Cucumber
22 281 (22.57%) Linux
23 279 (22.41%) OO
24 269 (21.61%) Selenium
25 243 (19.52%) DevOps
26 240 (19.28%) JSON
26 240 (19.28%) XML
27 234 (18.80%) Unix
28 228 (18.31%) SOAP

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 226 (18.15%) Confluence
2 127 (10.20%) Apache
3 124 (9.96%) Tomcat
4 105 (8.43%) JBoss
5 64 (5.14%) WebLogic
6 57 (4.58%) WildFly
7 54 (4.34%) Elasticsearch
7 54 (4.34%) WebSphere
8 32 (2.57%) nginx
9 31 (2.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 20 (1.61%) Cloud Foundry
11 17 (1.37%) WebSphere Application Server
12 16 (1.29%) Oracle Service Bus
13 15 (1.20%) Apache Spark
14 14 (1.12%) Mule
15 13 (1.04%) GemFire
16 12 (0.96%) Apache Solr
16 12 (0.96%) CMS
17 9 (0.72%) Apache ServiceMix
18 8 (0.64%) Alfresco
Applications
1 7 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.40%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.16%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.080%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 6 (0.48%) Payment Gateway
2 3 (0.24%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 3 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.16%) Global One
3 2 (0.16%) ION MarketView
3 2 (0.16%) Magento
3 2 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.080%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.080%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 198 (15.90%) Amazon AWS
2 67 (5.38%) GitHub
3 54 (4.34%) Amazon EC2
4 42 (3.37%) Microsoft Azure
5 36 (2.89%) npm
6 27 (2.17%) PaaS
7 24 (1.93%) Slack
8 16 (1.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 16 (1.29%) AWS Lambda
9 15 (1.20%) Amazon S3
10 14 (1.12%) Google Analytics
11 13 (1.04%) Sauce Labs
12 12 (0.96%) BrowserStack
12 12 (0.96%) OpenShift
12 12 (0.96%) Serverless
13 11 (0.88%) IaaS
13 11 (0.88%) Yarn
14 10 (0.80%) Google Cloud Platform
14 10 (0.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 8 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 142 (11.41%) HTTP
2 60 (4.82%) TCP/IP
3 24 (1.93%) SSL
4 12 (0.96%) Internet
5 11 (0.88%) OpenVPN
6 10 (0.80%) DNS
7 9 (0.72%) AMQP
7 9 (0.72%) OpenLDAP
7 9 (0.72%) SSH
8 6 (0.48%) Firewall
8 6 (0.48%) FTP
8 6 (0.48%) SMS
9 5 (0.40%) DLNA
9 5 (0.40%) UPnP
9 5 (0.40%) Wi-Fi
10 4 (0.32%) DOCSIS
10 4 (0.32%) SMTP
11 3 (0.24%) HTTPS
12 2 (0.16%) DSL
12 2 (0.16%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 203 (16.31%) Relational Database
2 176 (14.14%) NoSQL
3 158 (12.69%) MongoDB
4 140 (11.24%) PostgreSQL
5 133 (10.68%) MySQL
6 114 (9.16%) RDBMS
7 79 (6.35%) SQL Server
8 67 (5.38%) Apache Cassandra
9 41 (3.29%) Big Data
10 35 (2.81%) Oracle Database
11 31 (2.49%) HBase
12 30 (2.41%) Redis
13 29 (2.33%) Hadoop
14 28 (2.25%) Apache Hive
15 22 (1.77%) DB2
16 21 (1.69%) Oracle Database 11g
17 14 (1.12%) Couchbase
18 12 (0.96%) Amazon RDS
19 10 (0.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 10 (0.80%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 640 (51.41%) Git (software)
2 608 (48.84%) Jenkins
3 517 (41.53%) Maven
4 387 (31.08%) Mockito
5 342 (27.47%) JIRA
6 285 (22.89%) Cucumber
7 269 (21.61%) Selenium
8 207 (16.63%) Gradle
9 164 (13.17%) Eclipse
10 162 (13.01%) SonarQube
11 161 (12.93%) Subversion
12 121 (9.72%) IntelliJ
13 88 (7.07%) jMock
14 85 (6.83%) Bitbucket
15 83 (6.67%) Ant
15 83 (6.67%) SoapUI
16 72 (5.78%) TestNG
17 70 (5.62%) DbUnit
17 70 (5.62%) JMeter
17 70 (5.62%) Liquibase
General
1 189 (15.18%) Finance
2 152 (12.21%) Banking
3 42 (3.37%) Investment Banking
4 32 (2.57%) Retail
5 30 (2.41%) Front Office
6 27 (2.17%) Telecoms
7 16 (1.29%) Electronics
8 11 (0.88%) Advertising
9 10 (0.80%) Marketing
10 9 (0.72%) Automotive
10 9 (0.72%) Back Office
11 7 (0.56%) Games
12 6 (0.48%) Financial Institution
12 6 (0.48%) Manufacturing
13 4 (0.32%) Publishing
14 3 (0.24%) Legal
14 3 (0.24%) Retail Banking
15 2 (0.16%) Aerospace
15 2 (0.16%) Wholesale Banking
16 1 (0.080%) Law
Job Titles
1 942 (75.66%) Developer
2 719 (57.75%) Java Developer
3 97 (7.79%) Senior Developer
4 77 (6.18%) Senior Java Developer
5 72 (5.78%) Agile Developer
5 72 (5.78%) Full Stack Developer
6 59 (4.74%) Scala Developer
7 55 (4.42%) Software Engineer
7 55 (4.42%) Tester
8 54 (4.34%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 50 (4.02%) Java Engineer
10 44 (3.53%) Automation Tester
11 42 (3.37%) Android Developer
12 40 (3.21%) DevOps Engineer
13 35 (2.81%) J2EE Developer
14 34 (2.73%) Java/J2EE Developer
15 31 (2.49%) Test Engineer
16 29 (2.33%) Agile Java Developer
17 26 (2.09%) Lead Developer
18 24 (1.93%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 708 (56.87%) Spring
2 455 (36.55%) REST
3 401 (32.21%) RESTful
4 336 (26.99%) Web Services
5 327 (26.27%) Hibernate
6 240 (19.28%) JSON
6 240 (19.28%) XML
7 228 (18.31%) SOAP
8 222 (17.83%) J2EE
9 217 (17.43%) HTML
10 190 (15.26%) CSS
11 189 (15.18%) Spring Boot
12 160 (12.85%) JMS
13 149 (11.97%) Java EE
14 142 (11.41%) AngularJS
15 129 (10.36%) Node.js
16 115 (9.24%) HTML5
17 104 (8.35%) JPA
18 102 (8.19%) jQuery
19 99 (7.95%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 89 (7.15%) Linux Command Line
2 62 (4.98%) Mobile App
3 57 (4.58%) Computer Science
4 55 (4.42%) Analytical Skills
4 55 (4.42%) Greenfield Project
5 52 (4.18%) Fixed Income
6 50 (4.02%) User Experience
7 48 (3.86%) Fintech
8 35 (2.81%) Data Structures
9 34 (2.73%) Algorithms
10 32 (2.57%) Enterprise Software
11 22 (1.77%) Virtual Team
12 18 (1.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 14 (1.12%) Self-Motivation
14 13 (1.04%) iPad
14 13 (1.04%) Mobile Payment
14 13 (1.04%) Wiki
15 12 (0.96%) Equities
15 12 (0.96%) NHS
16 11 (0.88%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 281 (22.57%) Linux
2 234 (18.80%) Unix
3 66 (5.30%) Android
4 54 (4.34%) VMS
5 44 (3.53%) Windows
6 36 (2.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 33 (2.65%) Ubuntu
8 26 (2.09%) CentOS
9 23 (1.85%) Apple iOS
10 6 (0.48%) Solaris
11 5 (0.40%) Embedded Linux
12 2 (0.16%) Windows 2000
12 2 (0.16%) Windows Vista
13 1 (0.080%) DC/OS
13 1 (0.080%) HPUX
13 1 (0.080%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 840 (67.47%) Agile Software Development
2 556 (44.66%) TDD
3 511 (41.04%) Test Automation
4 432 (34.70%) Continuous Integration
5 430 (34.54%) Scrum
6 355 (28.51%) BDD
7 327 (26.27%) Microservices
8 279 (22.41%) OO
9 243 (19.52%) DevOps
10 224 (17.99%) Open Source
11 207 (16.63%) Kanban
12 191 (15.34%) Unit Testing
13 173 (13.90%) MVC
14 155 (12.45%) Software Engineering
15 127 (10.20%) Pair Programming
16 116 (9.32%) Problem-Solving
17 115 (9.24%) SDLC
18 106 (8.51%) Dependency Injection
19 98 (7.87%) E-Commerce
20 94 (7.55%) OOA/OOD
Programming Languages
1 1,139 (91.49%) Java
2 349 (28.03%) JavaScript
3 323 (25.94%) SQL
4 304 (24.42%) Java 8
5 117 (9.40%) Scala
6 108 (8.67%) Groovy
7 95 (7.63%) Python
8 81 (6.51%) Ruby
9 79 (6.35%) C#
10 60 (4.82%) JPQL
11 51 (4.10%) Shell Script
12 35 (2.81%) C
13 33 (2.65%) Bash Shell
14 30 (2.41%) Kotlin
15 29 (2.33%) C++
16 27 (2.17%) PL/SQL
17 21 (1.69%) Perl
18 20 (1.61%) Java 9
19 19 (1.53%) Haskell
19 19 (1.53%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 182 (14.62%) Security Cleared
2 142 (11.41%) SC Cleared
3 91 (7.31%) Degree
4 50 (4.02%) BPSS Clearance
5 44 (3.53%) Computer Science Degree
6 20 (1.61%) DV Cleared
7 12 (0.96%) ISEB
8 11 (0.88%) ISTQB
9 5 (0.40%) HND
9 5 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
10 4 (0.32%) CTC Cleared
10 4 (0.32%) ISEB Practitioner
10 4 (0.32%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 4 (0.32%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.32%) OCPJP
10 4 (0.32%) PMI Certification
10 4 (0.32%) PMP
10 4 (0.32%) Sun Certification
11 3 (0.24%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (5.30%) QA
2 12 (0.96%) PMO
3 6 (0.48%) GCP
4 5 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.24%) GDPR
6 2 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.16%) EMIR
6 2 (0.16%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.16%) WCAG
7 1 (0.080%) ECSS
7 1 (0.080%) MiFID
7 1 (0.080%) MIL-STD-1553
7 1 (0.080%) SLA
System Software
1 227 (18.23%) Docker
2 36 (2.89%) VMware Infrastructure
2 36 (2.89%) vSphere
3 22 (1.77%) HDFS
4 21 (1.69%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (1.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 13 (1.04%) vCloud
7 9 (0.72%) Postfix
7 9 (0.72%) Squid
8 7 (0.56%) Active Directory
9 3 (0.24%) ACF2
9 3 (0.24%) RACF
10 1 (0.080%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.080%) IAG
10 1 (0.080%) Xen
Systems Management
1 100 (8.03%) Kubernetes
2 93 (7.47%) Puppet
3 87 (6.99%) Ansible
4 62 (4.98%) Opscode Chef
5 47 (3.78%) Kibana
6 46 (3.69%) Grafana
7 38 (3.05%) Terraform
8 24 (1.93%) Prometheus
9 22 (1.77%) logstash
10 15 (1.20%) Rancher
11 9 (0.72%) Docker Swarm
11 9 (0.72%) ZABBIX
12 8 (0.64%) HP Quality Center
12 8 (0.64%) Rsyslog
12 8 (0.64%) Sysdig
13 7 (0.56%) Mesos
13 7 (0.56%) Oozie
14 6 (0.48%) Graylog
14 6 (0.48%) Packer
15 4 (0.32%) Matomo
Vendors
1 153 (12.29%) Oracle
2 89 (7.15%) Google
3 53 (4.26%) VMware
4 42 (3.37%) Red Hat
5 36 (2.89%) Atlassian
6 34 (2.73%) Microsoft
7 26 (2.09%) Adobe
8 24 (1.93%) Splunk
9 23 (1.85%) Perforce
9 23 (1.85%) webMethods
10 21 (1.69%) IBM
11 19 (1.53%) MuleSoft
12 18 (1.45%) HP
12 18 (1.45%) Sybase
13 11 (0.88%) AppDynamics
14 10 (0.80%) Murex
15 9 (0.72%) SAP
15 9 (0.72%) Sonatype
16 8 (0.64%) CA Agile Central
17 7 (0.56%) Hortonworks