Period
to 27 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 27 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
27 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 222 225 239
Rank change year-on-year +3 +14 +31
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1,202 1,037 1,135
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.19% 1.14% 1.07%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.14% 6.68% 7.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 823 671 770
UK median daily rate £475 £451 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.44% +0.11% +11.11%
10th Percentile £355 £313 £313
90th Percentile £588 £638 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 17 10
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% -3.61% -7.78%
10th Percentile £29.10 £35.00 £35.08
90th Percentile £75.00 £63.75 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year +12.50% -3.61% +0.61%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19,567 15,525 15,689
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.42% 17.05% 14.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,476 10,506 10,584
UK median daily rate £473 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.29% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £315 £300 £291
90th Percentile £610 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 219 318 331
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.50
10th Percentile £28.40 £22.50 £25.00
90th Percentile £67.25 £57.50 £52.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.25
% change year-on-year - +0.59% +14.19%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 1,113 £475 +2.98% 304
London +8 594 £500 - 143
UK excluding London -3 588 £450 +5.88% 190
South East 0 203 £450 -10.00% 38
North of England -24 143 £430 +11.69% 42
Midlands +21 84 £425 - 38
North West +18 71 £420 +16.67% 28
Yorkshire -3 68 £440 +4.76% 13
East of England -8 64 £450 +20.00% 17
Scotland -14 48 £400 +25.98% 22
West Midlands -3 45 £425 -13.99% 19
East Midlands +19 39 £425 +17.24% 19
South West -7 32 £488 +11.43% 26
Northern Ireland +22 17 £441 +69.52% 2
North East -47 6 £425 +32.81% 1
Wales -10 4 £475 +5.56% 5

For the 6 months to 27 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1,117 (92.93%) Java
2 803 (66.81%) Agile Software Development
3 688 (57.24%) Spring
4 572 (47.59%) Jenkins
5 561 (46.67%) Git (software)
6 546 (45.42%) TDD
7 467 (38.85%) Maven
8 452 (37.60%) Test Automation
9 416 (34.61%) REST
10 401 (33.36%) Mockito
11 392 (32.61%) Scrum
11 392 (32.61%) JavaScript
12 384 (31.95%) RESTful
13 373 (31.03%) Continuous Integration
14 336 (27.95%) BDD
15 332 (27.62%) Web Services
16 297 (24.71%) SQL
16 297 (24.71%) Microservices
17 296 (24.63%) JIRA
18 282 (23.46%) Linux
19 281 (23.38%) OO
20 271 (22.55%) Cucumber
21 269 (22.38%) Hibernate
22 267 (22.21%) Java 8
23 263 (21.88%) XML
24 235 (19.55%) JSON
25 227 (18.89%) SOAP
26 226 (18.80%) Unix
27 225 (18.72%) Selenium
28 223 (18.55%) Open Source

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 207 (17.22%) Confluence
2 165 (13.73%) Tomcat
3 148 (12.31%) Apache
4 112 (9.32%) JBoss
5 76 (6.32%) Elasticsearch
6 66 (5.49%) WebLogic
6 66 (5.49%) WebSphere
7 46 (3.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 35 (2.91%) WildFly
9 32 (2.66%) CMS
10 31 (2.58%) Cloud Foundry
11 28 (2.33%) nginx
12 25 (2.08%) Apache Spark
12 25 (2.08%) Mule
13 23 (1.91%) Apache Solr
14 21 (1.75%) Apache ServiceMix
15 19 (1.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 17 (1.41%) Oracle Service Bus
17 16 (1.33%) WebSphere Application Server
18 14 (1.16%) Liferay
Applications
1 9 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.17%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.17%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.083%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 15 (1.25%) Payment Gateway
2 11 (0.92%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.33%) Magento
4 3 (0.25%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 1 (0.083%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 195 (16.22%) Amazon AWS
2 52 (4.33%) npm
3 50 (4.16%) GitHub
4 48 (3.99%) Amazon EC2
5 42 (3.49%) Slack
6 28 (2.33%) Microsoft Azure
7 25 (2.08%) PaaS
8 20 (1.66%) Google Cloud Platform
9 17 (1.41%) OpenShift
10 15 (1.25%) AWS Lambda
11 14 (1.16%) Amazon S3
11 14 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
12 12 (1.00%) IaaS
13 11 (0.92%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 11 (0.92%) Sauce Labs
13 11 (0.92%) Serverless
13 11 (0.92%) Yarn
14 10 (0.83%) BrowserStack
15 8 (0.67%) Amazon SQS
16 7 (0.58%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 100 (8.32%) HTTP
2 45 (3.74%) TCP/IP
3 25 (2.08%) Internet
4 18 (1.50%) SSL
5 12 (1.00%) SMTP
6 10 (0.83%) FTP
7 6 (0.50%) DNS
8 5 (0.42%) OpenLDAP
8 5 (0.42%) OpenVPN
8 5 (0.42%) SSH
9 4 (0.33%) DLNA
9 4 (0.33%) SMS
9 4 (0.33%) UPnP
9 4 (0.33%) Wi-Fi
10 3 (0.25%) DHCP
10 3 (0.25%) Firewall
11 2 (0.17%) Broadband
11 2 (0.17%) HTTPS
11 2 (0.17%) LAN
11 2 (0.17%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 209 (17.39%) Relational Database
2 188 (15.64%) NoSQL
3 161 (13.39%) MySQL
4 159 (13.23%) MongoDB
5 145 (12.06%) PostgreSQL
6 132 (10.98%) RDBMS
7 82 (6.82%) Apache Cassandra
8 75 (6.24%) SQL Server
9 53 (4.41%) Big Data
10 47 (3.91%) Hadoop
11 31 (2.58%) Apache Hive
11 31 (2.58%) DB2
12 30 (2.50%) Oracle Database
13 29 (2.41%) Redis
14 28 (2.33%) HBase
15 21 (1.75%) Oracle Database 11g
16 16 (1.33%) Endeca
17 15 (1.25%) Hazelcast
18 12 (1.00%) BigQuery
18 12 (1.00%) Bigtable
Development Applications
1 572 (47.59%) Jenkins
2 561 (46.67%) Git (software)
3 467 (38.85%) Maven
4 401 (33.36%) Mockito
5 296 (24.63%) JIRA
6 271 (22.55%) Cucumber
7 225 (18.72%) Selenium
8 213 (17.72%) Gradle
9 163 (13.56%) Subversion
10 145 (12.06%) Eclipse
11 134 (11.15%) SonarQube
12 118 (9.82%) IntelliJ
13 85 (7.07%) TestNG
14 81 (6.74%) Ant
15 75 (6.24%) SoapUI
16 70 (5.82%) Bitbucket
17 67 (5.57%) jMock
18 58 (4.83%) Jasmine
18 58 (4.83%) WebDriver
19 57 (4.74%) JMeter
General
1 177 (14.73%) Finance
2 111 (9.23%) Banking
3 38 (3.16%) Retail
4 30 (2.50%) Investment Banking
5 24 (2.00%) Front Office
5 24 (2.00%) Telecoms
6 21 (1.75%) Electronics
7 18 (1.50%) Marketing
7 18 (1.50%) Publishing
8 12 (1.00%) Games
9 7 (0.58%) Automotive
10 6 (0.50%) Financial Institution
11 4 (0.33%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.25%) Back Office
12 3 (0.25%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.17%) Advertising
13 2 (0.17%) Legal
14 1 (0.083%) Avionics
14 1 (0.083%) Pharmaceutical
14 1 (0.083%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 901 (74.96%) Developer
2 672 (55.91%) Java Developer
3 114 (9.48%) Senior Developer
4 95 (7.90%) Senior Java Developer
5 68 (5.66%) Software Engineer
6 65 (5.41%) Full Stack Developer
7 59 (4.91%) Java Engineer
8 58 (4.83%) Agile Developer
9 42 (3.49%) Scala Developer
10 39 (3.24%) DevOps Engineer
11 38 (3.16%) Tester
12 33 (2.75%) Agile Java Developer
12 33 (2.75%) Test Engineer
13 32 (2.66%) Oracle Developer
14 31 (2.58%) Software Developer
15 30 (2.50%) Java Software Engineer
16 28 (2.33%) Android Developer
16 28 (2.33%) Automation Tester
17 27 (2.25%) J2EE Developer
17 27 (2.25%) Java/J2EE Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 688 (57.24%) Spring
2 416 (34.61%) REST
3 384 (31.95%) RESTful
4 332 (27.62%) Web Services
5 269 (22.38%) Hibernate
6 263 (21.88%) XML
7 235 (19.55%) JSON
8 227 (18.89%) SOAP
9 212 (17.64%) J2EE
10 208 (17.30%) HTML
11 185 (15.39%) CSS
12 166 (13.81%) JMS
12 166 (13.81%) Spring Boot
13 164 (13.64%) Java EE
14 161 (13.39%) AngularJS
15 140 (11.65%) Node.js
16 119 (9.90%) jQuery
17 110 (9.15%) Apache Camel
17 110 (9.15%) HTML5
18 107 (8.90%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 67 (5.57%) Linux Command Line
2 61 (5.07%) Analytical Skills
2 61 (5.07%) Greenfield Project
3 55 (4.58%) Mobile App
4 48 (3.99%) Enterprise Software
5 41 (3.41%) Computer Science
6 34 (2.83%) Algorithms
7 30 (2.50%) User Experience
8 28 (2.33%) Virtual Team
9 27 (2.25%) Data Structures
10 25 (2.08%) Fixed Income
11 24 (2.00%) Fintech
12 23 (1.91%) Wiki
13 22 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 22 (1.83%) iPad
14 16 (1.33%) Social Media
15 15 (1.25%) Equities
16 12 (1.00%) Derivative
17 11 (0.92%) Animation
18 9 (0.75%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 282 (23.46%) Linux
2 226 (18.80%) Unix
3 64 (5.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 56 (4.66%) Android
5 34 (2.83%) Windows
6 33 (2.75%) CentOS
7 32 (2.66%) VMS
8 22 (1.83%) Apple iOS
9 18 (1.50%) Ubuntu
10 17 (1.41%) Solaris
11 10 (0.83%) HPUX
12 4 (0.33%) Embedded Linux
12 4 (0.33%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.17%) Windows 2000
13 2 (0.17%) Windows Server
13 2 (0.17%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 803 (66.81%) Agile Software Development
2 546 (45.42%) TDD
3 452 (37.60%) Test Automation
4 392 (32.61%) Scrum
5 373 (31.03%) Continuous Integration
6 336 (27.95%) BDD
7 297 (24.71%) Microservices
8 281 (23.38%) OO
9 223 (18.55%) DevOps
9 223 (18.55%) Open Source
10 204 (16.97%) Kanban
11 201 (16.72%) Unit Testing
12 197 (16.39%) MVC
13 192 (15.97%) Software Engineering
14 137 (11.40%) E-Commerce
15 117 (9.73%) Pair Programming
16 112 (9.32%) Problem-Solving
17 104 (8.65%) SDLC
18 102 (8.49%) Continuous Delivery
19 95 (7.90%) Dependency Injection
Programming Languages
1 1,117 (92.93%) Java
2 392 (32.61%) JavaScript
3 297 (24.71%) SQL
4 267 (22.21%) Java 8
5 111 (9.23%) Scala
6 106 (8.82%) Python
7 88 (7.32%) Groovy
8 74 (6.16%) Shell Script
9 73 (6.07%) Ruby
10 56 (4.66%) C#
11 43 (3.58%) JPQL
12 36 (3.00%) Bash Shell
12 36 (3.00%) Perl
13 32 (2.66%) XPath
14 31 (2.58%) C++
15 30 (2.50%) C
16 28 (2.33%) PL/SQL
17 23 (1.91%) Kotlin
18 21 (1.75%) XQuery
19 15 (1.25%) ES6
Qualifications
1 131 (10.90%) Security Cleared
2 84 (6.99%) SC Cleared
3 76 (6.32%) Degree
4 37 (3.08%) BPSS Clearance
5 36 (3.00%) Computer Science Degree
6 24 (2.00%) DV Cleared
7 8 (0.67%) ISEB
8 7 (0.58%) Master's Degree
8 7 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
9 4 (0.33%) ISTQB
10 3 (0.25%) OCPJP
10 3 (0.25%) PMI Certification
10 3 (0.25%) PMP
10 3 (0.25%) Sun Certification
11 2 (0.17%) BC Cleared
11 2 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
11 2 (0.17%) HND
11 2 (0.17%) OCA
11 2 (0.17%) Oracle Certification
12 1 (0.083%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (6.49%) QA
2 12 (1.00%) GCP
3 10 (0.83%) Disclosure Scotland
4 4 (0.33%) PMO
5 3 (0.25%) WCAG
6 2 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.17%) EMIR
7 1 (0.083%) ECSS
7 1 (0.083%) GDPR
7 1 (0.083%) MiFID
7 1 (0.083%) MIL-STD-1553
7 1 (0.083%) SLA
System Software
1 185 (15.39%) Docker
2 32 (2.66%) HDFS
2 32 (2.66%) VMware Infrastructure
3 31 (2.58%) vSphere
4 22 (1.83%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (1.33%) Active Directory
6 10 (0.83%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 7 (0.58%) Apache Flume
8 5 (0.42%) Postfix
8 5 (0.42%) Squid
8 5 (0.42%) vCloud
9 2 (0.17%) ACF2
9 2 (0.17%) RACF
10 1 (0.083%) GeoWebCache
10 1 (0.083%) Xen
Systems Management
1 110 (9.15%) Ansible
1 110 (9.15%) Puppet
2 86 (7.15%) Opscode Chef
3 72 (5.99%) Kubernetes
4 48 (3.99%) Grafana
5 41 (3.41%) Kibana
5 41 (3.41%) Terraform
6 28 (2.33%) logstash
7 21 (1.75%) Prometheus
8 12 (1.00%) Graylog
8 12 (1.00%) Rancher
9 9 (0.75%) Single Sign-On
10 8 (0.67%) Hadoop YARN
10 8 (0.67%) Oozie
11 5 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
11 5 (0.42%) Packer
11 5 (0.42%) ZABBIX
12 4 (0.33%) Rsyslog
12 4 (0.33%) Sysdig
13 3 (0.25%) Graphite
Vendors
1 194 (16.14%) Oracle
2 85 (7.07%) Red Hat
3 70 (5.82%) Google
4 40 (3.33%) VMware
5 33 (2.75%) Atlassian
5 33 (2.75%) IBM
6 30 (2.50%) Splunk
7 27 (2.25%) Adobe
7 27 (2.25%) Microsoft
8 26 (2.16%) MuleSoft
9 24 (2.00%) Perforce
9 24 (2.00%) Sybase
10 18 (1.50%) ATG
11 17 (1.41%) AppDynamics
12 14 (1.16%) webMethods
13 12 (1.00%) HP
14 10 (0.83%) FXall
14 10 (0.83%) Reuters
15 9 (0.75%) CA Agile Central
15 9 (0.75%) Hortonworks