Period
to 27 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 27 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
27 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 273 247 223
Rank change year-on-year -26 -24 +5
Contract jobs citing JUnit 416 986 1,202
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.88% 1.09% 1.19%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.90% 5.32% 6.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 281 622 835
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £350 £363 £350
90th Percentile £638 £650 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 7 5
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.67 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.01% +3.71% +12.50%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £47.54 £45.00
% change year-on-year -26.37% +5.63% +12.50%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 8,489 18,517 19,605
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.01% 20.42% 19.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,523 12,319 13,499
Median daily rate £490 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% - +11.76%
10th Percentile £327 £335 £315
90th Percentile £663 £638 £611
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 165 289 219
Median hourly rate £41.50 £43.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.49% +1.18% -
10th Percentile £20.40 £23.85 £28.40
90th Percentile £57.80 £54.00 £67.25
Median hourly rate £39.25 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -10.80% +3.53% -

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 27 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -21 394 £500 - 35
London +59 254 £525 - 16
UK excluding London -79 157 £450 -5.26% 21
Midlands +49 42 £450 - 3
North of England +9 37 £425 -10.53% 6
West Midlands +61 35 £450 - 2
South West +6 30 £500 +2.56% 8
South East +34 27 £475 +4.40% 2
North West +17 22 £425 -9.96% 4
Work from Home +1 13 £500 +5.26% 3
Scotland +5 10 £425 -5.56% 1
North East +21 8 £450 +28.57% 1
East Midlands +19 7 £300 -32.96% 1
Yorkshire +11 7 £360 -28.00% 1
East of England -8 4 £490 -6.67%
Northern Ireland - 4 £451 - 1
Wales +29 3 £400 -3.61%

For the 6 months to 27 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 358 (86.06%) Java
2 297 (71.39%) Agile Software Development
3 234 (56.25%) Spring
4 196 (47.12%) Git (software)
5 185 (44.47%) Maven
6 181 (43.51%) Jenkins
7 160 (38.46%) Mockito
8 153 (36.78%) TDD
9 149 (35.82%) Scrum
10 142 (34.13%) Microservices
10 142 (34.13%) Spring Boot
11 139 (33.41%) SQL
11 139 (33.41%) RESTful
12 131 (31.49%) Continuous Integration
13 124 (29.81%) Web Services
14 118 (28.37%) Docker
14 118 (28.37%) DevOps
15 117 (28.13%) REST
15 117 (28.13%) AWS
16 116 (27.88%) Test Automation
17 115 (27.64%) Cucumber
18 112 (26.92%) Java 8
19 111 (26.68%) Gradle
20 97 (23.32%) JavaScript
21 96 (23.08%) AngularJS
22 87 (20.91%) SOAP
23 85 (20.43%) BDD
24 82 (19.71%) Open Source
25 71 (17.07%) XML
26 70 (16.83%) Pair Programming

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (9.13%) Tomcat
2 37 (8.89%) Elasticsearch
3 28 (6.73%) WebLogic
4 25 (6.01%) WebSphere
5 22 (5.29%) Confluence
6 19 (4.57%) Apache
7 11 (2.64%) Apache Spark
7 11 (2.64%) JBoss
8 5 (1.20%) GlassFish
8 5 (1.20%) WebSphere Application Server
9 4 (0.96%) JCAPS
10 3 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 3 (0.72%) Jetty
10 3 (0.72%) Mule
11 2 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.48%) nginx
12 1 (0.24%) Anypoint
12 1 (0.24%) Apache Airflow
12 1 (0.24%) Camunda
12 1 (0.24%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 5 (1.20%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (0.72%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.24%) RMDS
2 1 (0.24%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 117 (28.13%) AWS
2 68 (16.35%) GitHub
3 48 (11.54%) Azure
4 41 (9.86%) Amazon EC2
5 24 (5.77%) Amazon SQS
6 14 (3.37%) OpenShift
7 12 (2.88%) Coveralls
8 11 (2.64%) AWS Lambda
8 11 (2.64%) Serverless
9 9 (2.16%) AWS CloudFormation
10 8 (1.92%) PaaS
10 8 (1.92%) SaaS
11 7 (1.68%) Amazon S3
12 5 (1.20%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 5 (1.20%) Google Analytics
13 4 (0.96%) AWS CloudTrail
13 4 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
13 4 (0.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 3 (0.72%) GCP
14 3 (0.72%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 39 (9.38%) HTTP
2 17 (4.09%) TCP/IP
3 12 (2.88%) DNS
4 10 (2.40%) SSL
5 9 (2.16%) RTMP
6 7 (1.68%) FTP
7 4 (0.96%) HTTPS
7 4 (0.96%) Internet
7 4 (0.96%) LAN
8 3 (0.72%) AMQP
8 3 (0.72%) DHCP
8 3 (0.72%) Firewall
8 3 (0.72%) WAN
9 2 (0.48%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (13.22%) NoSQL
2 51 (12.26%) PostgreSQL
3 44 (10.58%) Relational Database
4 41 (9.86%) MySQL
5 34 (8.17%) SQL Server
6 32 (7.69%) Amazon RDS
7 31 (7.45%) MongoDB
8 25 (6.01%) RDBMS
9 16 (3.85%) DB2
10 12 (2.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 12 (2.88%) Big Data
11 11 (2.64%) Redis
12 7 (1.68%) Oracle Database
13 6 (1.44%) Apache Cassandra
14 5 (1.20%) DB2 UDB
15 4 (0.96%) Azure SQL Database
16 2 (0.48%) Amazon Aurora
16 2 (0.48%) Couchbase
16 2 (0.48%) Hadoop
17 1 (0.24%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 196 (47.12%) Git (software)
2 185 (44.47%) Maven
3 181 (43.51%) Jenkins
4 160 (38.46%) Mockito
5 115 (27.64%) Cucumber
6 111 (26.68%) Gradle
7 63 (15.14%) SonarQube
8 59 (14.18%) Selenium
9 58 (13.94%) JIRA
10 40 (9.62%) jMock
11 37 (8.89%) DbUnit
12 33 (7.93%) Bitbucket
13 31 (7.45%) Subversion
14 28 (6.73%) GitLab
15 25 (6.01%) Ant
15 25 (6.01%) git-flow
16 22 (5.29%) SoapUI
17 20 (4.81%) JMeter
18 18 (4.33%) Postman
18 18 (4.33%) TeamCity
General
1 68 (16.35%) Banking
1 68 (16.35%) Finance
2 50 (12.02%) Public Sector
3 26 (6.25%) Investment Banking
4 12 (2.88%) Front Office
5 7 (1.68%) Marketing
6 4 (0.96%) Back Office
6 4 (0.96%) Retail
7 3 (0.72%) Legal
7 3 (0.72%) Pharmaceutical
8 2 (0.48%) Advertising
8 2 (0.48%) Automotive
8 2 (0.48%) Police
9 1 (0.24%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.24%) French Language
9 1 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 313 (75.24%) Developer
2 215 (51.68%) Java Developer
3 36 (8.65%) Android Developer
4 33 (7.93%) Senior Developer
5 30 (7.21%) Backend Developer
6 29 (6.97%) Senior Java Developer
7 23 (5.53%) Full Stack Developer
7 23 (5.53%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 20 (4.81%) Java Engineer
9 17 (4.09%) Analyst
10 13 (3.13%) Java Software Developer
10 13 (3.13%) Test Engineer
10 13 (3.13%) Tester
11 12 (2.88%) Automation Tester
11 12 (2.88%) DevOps Engineer
12 11 (2.64%) Applications Developer
12 11 (2.64%) C# Developer
12 11 (2.64%) Software Engineer
13 10 (2.40%) Architect
13 10 (2.40%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 234 (56.25%) Spring
2 142 (34.13%) Spring Boot
3 139 (33.41%) RESTful
4 124 (29.81%) Web Services
5 117 (28.13%) REST
6 96 (23.08%) AngularJS
7 87 (20.91%) SOAP
8 71 (17.07%) XML
9 66 (15.87%) HTML
10 65 (15.63%) Hibernate
11 63 (15.14%) J2EE
12 59 (14.18%) CSS
13 52 (12.50%) JSON
14 50 (12.02%) JPA
15 42 (10.10%) HTML5
16 37 (8.89%) PowerMock
16 37 (8.89%) React
17 36 (8.65%) Gherkin
17 36 (8.65%) Node.js
18 33 (7.93%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 37 (8.89%) Mobile App
2 25 (6.01%) User Experience
3 18 (4.33%) Mobile Payment
4 15 (3.61%) Fixed Income
5 14 (3.37%) Analytical Skills
5 14 (3.37%) Enterprise Software
6 12 (2.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 10 (2.40%) Greenfield Project
8 9 (2.16%) Credit Risk
9 8 (1.92%) Data Structures
10 7 (1.68%) Algorithms
10 7 (1.68%) Linux Command Line
10 7 (1.68%) Mainframe
11 5 (1.20%) Mobile Banking
11 5 (1.20%) Public Cloud
11 5 (1.20%) Virtual Team
12 4 (0.96%) Derivative
13 3 (0.72%) Digital Wallet
13 3 (0.72%) Management Information System
13 3 (0.72%) Mobile Wallet
Operating Systems
1 60 (14.42%) Linux
2 54 (12.98%) Android
3 47 (11.30%) Unix
4 20 (4.81%) Windows
5 7 (1.68%) Apple iOS
6 5 (1.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (1.20%) Solaris
7 3 (0.72%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.48%) CentOS
9 1 (0.24%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 297 (71.39%) Agile Software Development
2 153 (36.78%) TDD
3 149 (35.82%) Scrum
4 142 (34.13%) Microservices
5 131 (31.49%) Continuous Integration
6 118 (28.37%) DevOps
7 116 (27.88%) Test Automation
8 85 (20.43%) BDD
9 82 (19.71%) Open Source
10 70 (16.83%) Pair Programming
11 69 (16.59%) Kanban
12 59 (14.18%) SDLC
13 43 (10.34%) Android Development
14 42 (10.10%) Multithreading
15 37 (8.89%) Configuration Management
16 32 (7.69%) MVC
17 30 (7.21%) Software Engineering
17 30 (7.21%) Test Strategy
18 28 (6.73%) Problem-Solving
19 26 (6.25%) MVVM
Programming Languages
1 358 (86.06%) Java
2 139 (33.41%) SQL
3 112 (26.92%) Java 8
4 97 (23.32%) JavaScript
5 55 (13.22%) Kotlin
6 44 (10.58%) Python
7 25 (6.01%) Bash Shell
7 25 (6.01%) Groovy
8 23 (5.53%) C#
9 19 (4.57%) Shell Script
10 16 (3.85%) PL/SQL
11 13 (3.13%) Scala
12 12 (2.88%) ES6
13 9 (2.16%) C
14 7 (1.68%) Perl
15 6 (1.44%) Haskell
15 6 (1.44%) PHP
15 6 (1.44%) PowerShell
16 5 (1.20%) Bourne shell
16 5 (1.20%) Korn
Qualifications
1 68 (16.35%) Security Cleared
2 54 (12.98%) SC Cleared
3 20 (4.81%) Degree
4 15 (3.61%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (1.44%) DBS Check
6 5 (1.20%) ISEB
7 3 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.72%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.72%) ITIL Certification
8 2 (0.48%) OCPJP
8 2 (0.48%) Sun Certification
9 1 (0.24%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.24%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (11.78%) QA
2 6 (1.44%) WCAG
3 3 (0.72%) Data Quality
System Software
1 118 (28.37%) Docker
2 21 (5.05%) Postfix
3 12 (2.88%) vSphere
4 10 (2.40%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (2.16%) Active Directory
6 5 (1.20%) RACF
7 1 (0.24%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.24%) HDFS
7 1 (0.24%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 40 (9.62%) Kubernetes
2 20 (4.81%) Opscode Chef
3 13 (3.13%) Terraform
4 12 (2.88%) Ansible
4 12 (2.88%) Puppet
5 10 (2.40%) Grafana
5 10 (2.40%) Kibana
6 4 (0.96%) Prometheus
7 2 (0.48%) logstash
7 2 (0.48%) NetIQ Identity Manager
8 1 (0.24%) CloudHub
8 1 (0.24%) Control-M
8 1 (0.24%) Graphite
8 1 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
8 1 (0.24%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.24%) Nagios
8 1 (0.24%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 51 (12.26%) Oracle
2 12 (2.88%) IBM
2 12 (2.88%) VMware
3 10 (2.40%) Red Hat
4 9 (2.16%) BEA
4 9 (2.16%) Google
5 6 (1.44%) Splunk
5 6 (1.44%) Twitter
6 5 (1.20%) Atlassian
6 5 (1.20%) MuleSoft
7 4 (0.96%) TIBCO
8 3 (0.72%) Adobe
8 3 (0.72%) Apple
8 3 (0.72%) Microsoft
8 3 (0.72%) NetIQ
8 3 (0.72%) Talend
9 2 (0.48%) CA Agile Central
9 2 (0.48%) HP
9 2 (0.48%) Sun
9 2 (0.48%) Xamarin