Period
to 14 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 14 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
14 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 195 199 309
Rank change year-on-year +4 +110 -41
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1398 1348 879
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.35% 1.31% 0.78%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.25% 7.88% 5.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 969 880 561
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £313
90th Percentile £613 £605 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 8 9
UK median hourly rate £62.50 £36.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +73.61% -14.29% -40.85%
10th Percentile £40.00 £29.53 £36.16
90th Percentile £63.75 £47.25 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £62.50 £36.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year +73.61% -14.29% +40.00%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19284 17097 16477
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.68% 16.59% 14.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 13462 11447 10983
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £313 £304 £278
90th Percentile £600 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +5.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 268 247 359
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £29.00 £22.11 £22.80
90th Percentile £63.75 £54.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.10% +2.50% +8.11%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 14 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 14 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 14 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 1284 £450 - 171
UK excluding London +32 763 £425 - 90
London -15 619 £500 - 91
South East -34 232 £500 +11.11% 20
North of England +55 207 £425 - 23
Midlands +45 112 £400 -8.05% 8
North West +30 106 £411 -3.24% 9
East of England +12 90 £400 - 12
Yorkshire +32 88 £425 - 13
Scotland +19 61 £450 +28.57% 8
West Midlands +23 57 £368 -23.04% 6
East Midlands +35 54 £400 +4.23% 2
South West -11 33 £425 +9.68% 17
Northern Ireland -11 26 £415 +59.62% 1
North East +51 18 £425 +25.00% 1
Wales -16 10 £425 - 1
Channel Islands - 4 - -

For the 6 months to 14 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1302 (93.13%) Java
2 960 (68.67%) Agile Software Development
3 742 (53.08%) Spring
4 595 (42.56%) TDD
5 586 (41.92%) Git (software)
6 584 (41.77%) Jenkins
7 542 (38.77%) Maven
8 510 (36.48%) Test Automation
9 476 (34.05%) SQL
10 474 (33.91%) REST
11 442 (31.62%) JavaScript
12 441 (31.55%) RESTful
13 431 (30.83%) Mockito
13 431 (30.83%) Web Services
14 421 (30.11%) Continuous Integration
15 408 (29.18%) Scrum
16 390 (27.90%) JIRA
17 380 (27.18%) Hibernate
18 354 (25.32%) Linux
19 347 (24.82%) BDD
20 334 (23.89%) Oracle
21 330 (23.61%) Microservices
22 321 (22.96%) XML
23 284 (20.31%) Relational Database
24 275 (19.67%) HTML
25 273 (19.53%) SOAP
26 271 (19.38%) OO
26 271 (19.38%) Selenium
27 265 (18.96%) Confluence
28 263 (18.81%) JSON

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 265 (18.96%) Confluence
2 159 (11.37%) Tomcat
3 139 (9.94%) Apache
4 121 (8.66%) JBoss
5 81 (5.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 78 (5.58%) WebLogic
7 68 (4.86%) WildFly
8 62 (4.43%) Elasticsearch
9 46 (3.29%) WebSphere
10 45 (3.22%) Apache Spark
11 28 (2.00%) CMS
12 24 (1.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 24 (1.72%) Cloud Foundry
13 22 (1.57%) Apache Solr
14 21 (1.50%) Apache ServiceMix
15 15 (1.07%) GemFire
15 15 (1.07%) Mule
16 13 (0.93%) GlassFish
16 13 (0.93%) MQSeries
17 10 (0.72%) SharePoint
Applications
1 7 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.36%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.072%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 26 (1.86%) Payment Gateway
2 25 (1.79%) Oracle BPM
3 6 (0.43%) ION MarketView
4 4 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
5 3 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.072%) Magento
7 1 (0.072%) Oracle SCM
Cloud Services
1 142 (10.16%) Amazon AWS
2 43 (3.08%) GitHub
3 40 (2.86%) Amazon EC2
4 29 (2.07%) Amazon S3
5 25 (1.79%) Slack
6 24 (1.72%) npm
7 21 (1.50%) Microsoft Azure
7 21 (1.50%) OpenShift
8 20 (1.43%) PaaS
9 19 (1.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 17 (1.22%) Amazon ELB
11 16 (1.14%) Cloud Computing
12 15 (1.07%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 9 (0.64%) IaaS
14 8 (0.57%) Amazon SQS
14 8 (0.57%) BrowserStack
15 6 (0.43%) AWS Lambda
15 6 (0.43%) CloudFront
15 6 (0.43%) Serverless
15 6 (0.43%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 127 (9.08%) HTTP
2 53 (3.79%) Internet
3 42 (3.00%) TCP/IP
4 26 (1.86%) SSL
5 24 (1.72%) FTP
6 16 (1.14%) DNS
6 16 (1.14%) OpenLDAP
6 16 (1.14%) OpenVPN
6 16 (1.14%) SSH
7 9 (0.64%) AMQP
7 9 (0.64%) LDAP
8 5 (0.36%) 802.11
8 5 (0.36%) ADSL
8 5 (0.36%) Bluetooth
8 5 (0.36%) Broadband
8 5 (0.36%) IPv4
8 5 (0.36%) IPv6
8 5 (0.36%) UPnP
8 5 (0.36%) WAN
8 5 (0.36%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 284 (20.31%) Relational Database
2 187 (13.38%) RDBMS
3 168 (12.02%) NoSQL
4 133 (9.51%) MongoDB
5 132 (9.44%) MySQL
6 100 (7.15%) PostgreSQL
7 75 (5.36%) Apache Cassandra
8 71 (5.08%) SQL Server
9 50 (3.58%) DB2
10 49 (3.51%) Big Data
11 45 (3.22%) Hadoop
12 42 (3.00%) Oracle Database
13 29 (2.07%) MarkLogic
14 28 (2.00%) Endeca
15 20 (1.43%) Apache Hive
16 19 (1.36%) HBase
16 19 (1.36%) Redis
17 18 (1.29%) Amazon RDS
18 17 (1.22%) DB2 UDB
19 16 (1.14%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 586 (41.92%) Git (software)
2 584 (41.77%) Jenkins
3 542 (38.77%) Maven
4 431 (30.83%) Mockito
5 390 (27.90%) JIRA
6 271 (19.38%) Selenium
7 254 (18.17%) Cucumber
8 184 (13.16%) Eclipse
9 183 (13.09%) Gradle
10 174 (12.45%) Ant
11 166 (11.87%) Subversion
12 139 (9.94%) SonarQube
13 125 (8.94%) IntelliJ
14 90 (6.44%) SoapUI
15 83 (5.94%) JMeter
16 82 (5.87%) TestNG
17 81 (5.79%) Liquibase
17 81 (5.79%) TeamCity
18 79 (5.65%) Checkstyle
19 76 (5.44%) Jasmine
General
1 235 (16.81%) Finance
2 157 (11.23%) Banking
3 48 (3.43%) Investment Banking
4 37 (2.65%) Publishing
5 31 (2.22%) Front Office
5 31 (2.22%) Games
5 31 (2.22%) Retail
6 29 (2.07%) Marketing
7 16 (1.14%) Manufacturing
8 13 (0.93%) Telecoms
9 12 (0.86%) Legal
10 11 (0.79%) Automotive
11 5 (0.36%) Advertising
12 3 (0.21%) Back Office
12 3 (0.21%) International Banking
13 2 (0.14%) Electronics
13 2 (0.14%) Retail Banking
14 1 (0.072%) Financial Institution
14 1 (0.072%) Online Betting
14 1 (0.072%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1089 (77.90%) Developer
2 842 (60.23%) Java Developer
3 172 (12.30%) Senior Developer
4 140 (10.01%) Senior Java Developer
5 79 (5.65%) Agile Developer
6 70 (5.01%) Scala Developer
7 68 (4.86%) Agile Java Developer
8 64 (4.58%) Java Engineer
9 63 (4.51%) Software Engineer
10 58 (4.15%) Full Stack Developer
11 55 (3.93%) JavaScript Developer
12 50 (3.58%) Lead Developer
13 47 (3.36%) Tester
14 45 (3.22%) SC Cleared Java Developer
15 42 (3.00%) Test Engineer
16 38 (2.72%) Analyst
17 36 (2.58%) Team Leader
18 35 (2.50%) Java Scala Developer
19 34 (2.43%) Android Developer
19 34 (2.43%) Java Team Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 742 (53.08%) Spring
2 474 (33.91%) REST
3 441 (31.55%) RESTful
4 431 (30.83%) Web Services
5 380 (27.18%) Hibernate
6 321 (22.96%) XML
7 275 (19.67%) HTML
8 273 (19.53%) SOAP
9 263 (18.81%) JSON
10 260 (18.60%) J2EE
11 238 (17.02%) CSS
12 222 (15.88%) JMS
13 189 (13.52%) AngularJS
14 184 (13.16%) Java EE
15 173 (12.37%) jQuery
16 172 (12.30%) Spring Boot
17 162 (11.59%) Spring MVC
18 155 (11.09%) Apache Camel
19 146 (10.44%) Node.js
20 141 (10.09%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 95 (6.80%) Linux Command Line
2 78 (5.58%) Enterprise Software
3 77 (5.51%) Mobile App
4 58 (4.15%) User Experience
5 47 (3.36%) Greenfield Project
5 47 (3.36%) Virtual Team
6 43 (3.08%) Analytical Skills
7 32 (2.29%) Computer Science
7 32 (2.29%) iPad
8 31 (2.22%) Social Media
9 23 (1.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 20 (1.43%) Fixed Income
11 19 (1.36%) Data Structures
12 14 (1.00%) Replication
13 13 (0.93%) Animation
13 13 (0.93%) Equities
14 11 (0.79%) RIA
15 10 (0.72%) Algorithms
15 10 (0.72%) STB
16 8 (0.57%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 354 (25.32%) Linux
2 258 (18.45%) Unix
3 64 (4.58%) Android
4 63 (4.51%) VMS
5 49 (3.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 42 (3.00%) Apple iOS
7 41 (2.93%) Windows
8 23 (1.65%) CentOS
9 14 (1.00%) Solaris
10 12 (0.86%) HPUX
11 10 (0.72%) Mac OS X
12 5 (0.36%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.072%) AIX
13 1 (0.072%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 960 (68.67%) Agile Software Development
2 595 (42.56%) TDD
3 510 (36.48%) Test Automation
4 421 (30.11%) Continuous Integration
5 408 (29.18%) Scrum
6 347 (24.82%) BDD
7 330 (23.61%) Microservices
8 271 (19.38%) OO
9 257 (18.38%) Unit Testing
10 246 (17.60%) MVC
11 199 (14.23%) Kanban
12 171 (12.23%) Open Source
13 170 (12.16%) DevOps
14 162 (11.59%) E-Commerce
15 151 (10.80%) Software Engineering
16 137 (9.80%) SOA
17 136 (9.73%) SDLC
18 135 (9.66%) Dependency Injection
19 113 (8.08%) Domain-Driven Design
20 111 (7.94%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1302 (93.13%) Java
2 476 (34.05%) SQL
3 442 (31.62%) JavaScript
4 155 (11.09%) Scala
5 147 (10.52%) Python
6 115 (8.23%) Ruby
7 103 (7.37%) C#
8 74 (5.29%) PL/SQL
9 67 (4.79%) Groovy
10 59 (4.22%) JPQL
11 46 (3.29%) Shell Script
12 45 (3.22%) Perl
13 35 (2.50%) Bash Shell
13 35 (2.50%) XPath
14 19 (1.36%) XQuery
15 18 (1.29%) C++
16 13 (0.93%) T-SQL
17 12 (0.86%) PHP
17 12 (0.86%) PowerShell
18 11 (0.79%) ES6
Qualifications
1 137 (9.80%) Security Cleared
2 98 (7.01%) SC Cleared
3 80 (5.72%) Degree
4 30 (2.15%) BPSS Clearance
5 28 (2.00%) Sun Certification
6 15 (1.07%) Computer Science Degree
7 10 (0.72%) DV Cleared
8 6 (0.43%) ISEB
8 6 (0.43%) ISTQB
9 5 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.14%) Master's Degree
11 1 (0.072%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 155 (11.09%) QA
2 10 (0.72%) WCAG
3 7 (0.50%) MiFID
4 3 (0.21%) Dodd-Frank
4 3 (0.21%) EMIR
5 2 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.14%) GCP
6 1 (0.072%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.072%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 183 (13.09%) Docker
2 16 (1.14%) HDFS
2 16 (1.14%) Postfix
2 16 (1.14%) Squid
2 16 (1.14%) vCloud
3 15 (1.07%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 15 (1.07%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.86%) vSphere
5 5 (0.36%) Firmware
6 3 (0.21%) Varnish
7 1 (0.072%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 127 (9.08%) Ansible
2 110 (7.87%) Puppet
3 59 (4.22%) Opscode Chef
4 47 (3.36%) Kibana
5 38 (2.72%) Kubernetes
6 32 (2.29%) Grafana
7 28 (2.00%) logstash
8 19 (1.36%) Terraform
9 17 (1.22%) Rancher
10 16 (1.14%) Docker Swarm
10 16 (1.14%) ZABBIX
11 15 (1.07%) Rsyslog
11 15 (1.07%) Sysdig
12 8 (0.57%) CA Service Virtualization
13 7 (0.50%) Oozie
14 6 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
15 4 (0.29%) Prometheus
15 4 (0.29%) Salt
16 2 (0.14%) Apache Slider
16 2 (0.14%) HockeyApp
Vendors
1 334 (23.89%) Oracle
2 71 (5.08%) Red Hat
3 54 (3.86%) Google
4 43 (3.08%) Atlassian
5 39 (2.79%) Perforce
6 38 (2.72%) Sybase
7 32 (2.29%) IBM
8 29 (2.07%) ATG
8 29 (2.07%) VMware
8 29 (2.07%) webMethods
9 26 (1.86%) Splunk
10 25 (1.79%) Talend
11 22 (1.57%) Adobe
12 19 (1.36%) Sonatype
13 18 (1.29%) MuleSoft
14 16 (1.14%) HP
15 15 (1.07%) AppDynamics
15 15 (1.07%) CA
15 15 (1.07%) Microsoft
15 15 (1.07%) Solace