Period
to 17 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 17 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
17 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 204 200 203
Rank change year-on-year -4 +3 +113
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1,423 1,395 1,332
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.36% 1.36% 1.31%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.34% 7.31% 7.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 929 968 863
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% - +2.27%
10th Percentile £357 £325 £313
90th Percentile £625 £613 £605
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +1.18% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 22 8
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £62.50 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.00% +73.61% -17.24%
10th Percentile £32.61 £40.00 £29.53
90th Percentile £57.18 £63.75 £47.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £62.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year -32.00% +73.61% -17.24%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 22,440 19,089 16,784
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.39% 18.60% 16.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,419 13,337 11,229
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 241 265 253
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £31.25 £29.00 £22.04
90th Percentile £55.00 £62.15 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £43.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +4.88% +2.50%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 17 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -19 1,250 £500 +11.11% 208
UK excluding London -23 758 £430 +1.18% 138
London +6 641 £550 +10.00% 90
South East -26 203 £429 -16.34% 37
North of England -53 147 £425 - 29
Midlands -4 128 £450 +12.50% 26
Scotland +28 102 £400 -11.11% 14
North West -21 93 £425 +3.34% 11
South West +31 81 £475 +11.76% 19
West Midlands -10 63 £450 +22.45% 10
East Midlands +11 61 £475 +18.75% 16
East of England -43 52 £523 +30.63% 7
North East +3 30 £395 -7.06% 6
Wales -8 28 £456 +7.22% 6
Yorkshire -71 25 £425 - 12
Northern Ireland +18 17 £412 -0.72%
Channel Islands -4 3 - -

For the 6 months to 17 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1,290 (90.65%) Java
2 994 (69.85%) Agile Software Development
3 797 (56.01%) Spring
4 705 (49.54%) Git (software)
5 698 (49.05%) Jenkins
6 618 (43.43%) Maven
7 582 (40.90%) Test Automation
8 565 (39.70%) TDD
9 499 (35.07%) Scrum
10 487 (34.22%) Continuous Integration
11 483 (33.94%) REST
12 441 (30.99%) BDD
13 423 (29.73%) JIRA
14 420 (29.52%) RESTful
15 408 (28.67%) SQL
16 399 (28.04%) Microservices
17 397 (27.90%) Web Services
18 381 (26.77%) Mockito
19 375 (26.35%) Hibernate
20 374 (26.28%) JavaScript
21 343 (24.10%) Cucumber
22 340 (23.89%) Java 8
23 335 (23.54%) DevOps
24 332 (23.33%) Selenium
25 317 (22.28%) Docker
26 302 (21.22%) Linux
27 287 (20.17%) Confluence
28 280 (19.68%) Spring Boot
29 267 (18.76%) CSS
30 266 (18.69%) SOAP

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 287 (20.17%) Confluence
2 131 (9.21%) JBoss
3 115 (8.08%) Apache
3 115 (8.08%) Tomcat
4 75 (5.27%) WildFly
5 72 (5.06%) WebLogic
6 70 (4.92%) Elasticsearch
7 67 (4.71%) WebSphere
8 40 (2.81%) nginx
9 29 (2.04%) Mule
9 29 (2.04%) SharePoint
10 28 (1.97%) Apache Spark
11 22 (1.55%) Apache Solr
12 21 (1.48%) Cloud Foundry
13 18 (1.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 15 (1.05%) WebSphere Application Server
15 7 (0.49%) GlassFish
16 6 (0.42%) CMS
16 6 (0.42%) Jetty
16 6 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 5 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 5 (0.35%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.070%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.070%) HipChat
3 1 (0.070%) InVision
3 1 (0.070%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 16 (1.12%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.42%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.21%) SAP ERP
4 2 (0.14%) Global One
4 2 (0.14%) ION MarketView
5 1 (0.070%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.070%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.070%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 1 (0.070%) Sonata
Cloud Services
1 251 (17.64%) Amazon AWS
2 92 (6.47%) Microsoft Azure
3 80 (5.62%) Amazon EC2
4 78 (5.48%) GitHub
5 35 (2.46%) npm
6 34 (2.39%) Google Analytics
7 24 (1.69%) BrowserStack
7 24 (1.69%) Google Cloud Platform
8 23 (1.62%) Amazon S3
9 22 (1.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 20 (1.41%) Serverless
11 16 (1.12%) AWS Lambda
11 16 (1.12%) PaaS
12 15 (1.05%) Slack
13 12 (0.84%) Yarn
14 11 (0.77%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 11 (0.77%) Amazon SQS
14 11 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
14 11 (0.77%) CloudFront
14 11 (0.77%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 170 (11.95%) HTTP
2 66 (4.64%) TCP/IP
3 47 (3.30%) SSL
4 16 (1.12%) OpenVPN
5 12 (0.84%) Internet
6 10 (0.70%) DNS
7 9 (0.63%) DSL
7 9 (0.63%) OpenLDAP
7 9 (0.63%) SSH
8 8 (0.56%) AMQP
8 8 (0.56%) FTP
9 5 (0.35%) DLNA
9 5 (0.35%) UPnP
9 5 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
10 4 (0.28%) DOCSIS
10 4 (0.28%) DVB
10 4 (0.28%) Firewall
10 4 (0.28%) SNMP
11 3 (0.21%) HTTPS
11 3 (0.21%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 237 (16.65%) Relational Database
2 164 (11.52%) NoSQL
3 152 (10.68%) MongoDB
4 130 (9.14%) PostgreSQL
5 115 (8.08%) SQL Server
6 106 (7.45%) RDBMS
7 105 (7.38%) MySQL
8 49 (3.44%) Redis
9 45 (3.16%) Apache Cassandra
10 42 (2.95%) DB2
11 36 (2.53%) Oracle Database
12 31 (2.18%) Hadoop
13 29 (2.04%) Big Data
14 18 (1.26%) Amazon RDS
14 18 (1.26%) Oracle Database 11g
15 17 (1.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 17 (1.19%) Apache Hive
16 16 (1.12%) DB2 UDB
16 16 (1.12%) HBase
17 13 (0.91%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 705 (49.54%) Git (software)
2 698 (49.05%) Jenkins
3 618 (43.43%) Maven
4 423 (29.73%) JIRA
5 381 (26.77%) Mockito
6 343 (24.10%) Cucumber
7 332 (23.33%) Selenium
8 212 (14.90%) SonarQube
9 200 (14.05%) Subversion
10 175 (12.30%) Gradle
11 166 (11.67%) Eclipse
12 124 (8.71%) JMeter
13 110 (7.73%) jMock
14 103 (7.24%) TeamCity
15 102 (7.17%) Gatling
15 102 (7.17%) IntelliJ
16 101 (7.10%) Ant
17 93 (6.54%) DbUnit
18 86 (6.04%) Hudson
19 85 (5.97%) Vagrant
General
1 195 (13.70%) Finance
2 177 (12.44%) Banking
3 56 (3.94%) Front Office
4 55 (3.87%) Investment Banking
5 47 (3.30%) Retail
6 19 (1.34%) Games
7 17 (1.19%) Marketing
8 12 (0.84%) Advertising
9 10 (0.70%) Electronics
10 9 (0.63%) Back Office
11 7 (0.49%) Telecoms
12 6 (0.42%) Legal
13 5 (0.35%) Manufacturing
13 5 (0.35%) Publishing
13 5 (0.35%) Wholesale Banking
14 4 (0.28%) Aerospace
14 4 (0.28%) Automotive
15 3 (0.21%) Financial Institution
15 3 (0.21%) International Banking
15 3 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,056 (74.21%) Developer
2 809 (56.85%) Java Developer
3 121 (8.50%) Senior Developer
4 100 (7.03%) Agile Developer
4 100 (7.03%) Senior Java Developer
5 85 (5.97%) Tester
6 83 (5.83%) Scala Developer
7 82 (5.76%) Full Stack Developer
8 62 (4.36%) Automation Tester
9 61 (4.29%) SC Cleared Java Developer
10 52 (3.65%) Java Engineer
11 48 (3.37%) Test Engineer
12 47 (3.30%) Software Engineer
13 45 (3.16%) DevOps Engineer
14 41 (2.88%) Agile Java Developer
14 41 (2.88%) Lead Developer
15 40 (2.81%) Backend Developer
16 39 (2.74%) Analyst
16 39 (2.74%) AWS Developer
17 37 (2.60%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 797 (56.01%) Spring
2 483 (33.94%) REST
3 420 (29.52%) RESTful
4 397 (27.90%) Web Services
5 375 (26.35%) Hibernate
6 280 (19.68%) Spring Boot
7 267 (18.76%) CSS
8 266 (18.69%) SOAP
9 255 (17.92%) HTML
10 251 (17.64%) AngularJS
11 243 (17.08%) JSON
12 239 (16.80%) J2EE
13 219 (15.39%) XML
14 182 (12.79%) JMS
15 160 (11.24%) Node.js
16 152 (10.68%) Gherkin
17 151 (10.61%) Java EE
18 147 (10.33%) HTML5
19 128 (9.00%) Spring MVC
20 112 (7.87%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 82 (5.76%) Linux Command Line
2 67 (4.71%) Analytical Skills
3 62 (4.36%) Greenfield Project
4 43 (3.02%) Fixed Income
5 39 (2.74%) Fintech
6 37 (2.60%) User Experience
7 36 (2.53%) Data Structures
8 33 (2.32%) Mobile App
9 24 (1.69%) Algorithms
9 24 (1.69%) NHS
10 22 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
11 19 (1.34%) Equities
11 19 (1.34%) Virtual Team
12 12 (0.84%) Enterprise Software
13 11 (0.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 11 (0.77%) N-Tier
14 8 (0.56%) Hybrid Cloud
15 7 (0.49%) iPad
15 7 (0.49%) Management Information System
16 6 (0.42%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 302 (21.22%) Linux
2 233 (16.37%) Unix
3 77 (5.41%) VMS
4 68 (4.78%) Windows
5 45 (3.16%) Ubuntu
6 42 (2.95%) Android
7 16 (1.12%) Apple iOS
8 14 (0.98%) CentOS
9 10 (0.70%) Solaris
10 8 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 5 (0.35%) Embedded Linux
12 3 (0.21%) Android TV
13 1 (0.070%) DC/OS
13 1 (0.070%) RancherOS
13 1 (0.070%) Windows Server
13 1 (0.070%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 994 (69.85%) Agile Software Development
2 582 (40.90%) Test Automation
3 565 (39.70%) TDD
4 499 (35.07%) Scrum
5 487 (34.22%) Continuous Integration
6 441 (30.99%) BDD
7 399 (28.04%) Microservices
8 335 (23.54%) DevOps
9 255 (17.92%) Open Source
10 231 (16.23%) Kanban
11 218 (15.32%) OO
12 198 (13.91%) MVC
13 196 (13.77%) Unit Testing
14 165 (11.60%) Problem-Solving
15 142 (9.98%) Configuration Management
16 128 (9.00%) Software Engineering
17 120 (8.43%) E-Commerce
18 117 (8.22%) Pair Programming
19 109 (7.66%) SDLC
20 107 (7.52%) Dependency Injection
Programming Languages
1 1,290 (90.65%) Java
2 408 (28.67%) SQL
3 374 (26.28%) JavaScript
4 340 (23.89%) Java 8
5 161 (11.31%) Scala
6 149 (10.47%) Python
7 125 (8.78%) Ruby
8 120 (8.43%) C#
9 114 (8.01%) Groovy
10 71 (4.99%) JPQL
11 54 (3.79%) Perl
12 39 (2.74%) Shell Script
13 35 (2.46%) Haskell
13 35 (2.46%) PL/SQL
14 30 (2.11%) Kotlin
15 29 (2.04%) C++
16 27 (1.90%) C
17 26 (1.83%) Bash Shell
18 23 (1.62%) TypeScript
19 15 (1.05%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 175 (12.30%) Security Cleared
2 144 (10.12%) SC Cleared
3 106 (7.45%) Degree
4 84 (5.90%) BPSS Clearance
5 29 (2.04%) Computer Science Degree
6 15 (1.05%) DV Cleared
7 14 (0.98%) ISTQB
8 9 (0.63%) DBS Check
9 7 (0.49%) ISEB
9 7 (0.49%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 7 (0.49%) Sun Certification
10 6 (0.42%) OCPJP
11 4 (0.28%) AWS Certification
11 4 (0.28%) ISEB Practitioner
11 4 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 3 (0.21%) CTC Cleared
12 3 (0.21%) HND
13 2 (0.14%) BC Cleared
14 1 (0.070%) PMI Certification
14 1 (0.070%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 113 (7.94%) QA
2 13 (0.91%) PMO
3 11 (0.77%) Disclosure Scotland
4 7 (0.49%) WCAG
5 4 (0.28%) HL7
6 3 (0.21%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.14%) GDPR
8 1 (0.070%) ECSS
8 1 (0.070%) MIL-STD-1553
System Software
1 317 (22.28%) Docker
2 57 (4.01%) vSphere
3 55 (3.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (1.12%) HDFS
5 14 (0.98%) vCloud
5 14 (0.98%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (0.70%) Active Directory
7 9 (0.63%) Postfix
7 9 (0.63%) Squid
8 6 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.070%) ACF2
9 1 (0.070%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.070%) IAG
9 1 (0.070%) RACF
Systems Management
1 116 (8.15%) Kubernetes
2 115 (8.08%) Ansible
3 101 (7.10%) Puppet
4 71 (4.99%) Kibana
5 68 (4.78%) Opscode Chef
6 60 (4.22%) Grafana
7 48 (3.37%) Terraform
8 28 (1.97%) logstash
9 24 (1.69%) Prometheus
10 21 (1.48%) Rancher
11 11 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
12 9 (0.63%) Packer
12 9 (0.63%) ZABBIX
13 8 (0.56%) Rsyslog
13 8 (0.56%) Sysdig
14 7 (0.49%) FreeIPA
15 6 (0.42%) HP Quality Center
15 6 (0.42%) Mesos
15 6 (0.42%) Oozie
16 5 (0.35%) Control-M
Vendors
1 168 (11.81%) Oracle
2 145 (10.19%) Google
3 77 (5.41%) VMware
4 61 (4.29%) Microsoft
5 49 (3.44%) Adobe
6 46 (3.23%) Atlassian
7 39 (2.74%) webMethods
8 32 (2.25%) Sybase
9 30 (2.11%) Splunk
10 29 (2.04%) IBM
11 20 (1.41%) MuleSoft
12 13 (0.91%) Red Hat
12 13 (0.91%) SAP
13 11 (0.77%) AppDynamics
13 11 (0.77%) HP
14 10 (0.70%) Black Duck
15 9 (0.63%) Murex
15 9 (0.63%) Sonatype
16 8 (0.56%) Apple
16 8 (0.56%) Perforce