Period
to 19 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 19 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 280 282 215
Rank change year-on-year +2 -67 -8
Contract jobs citing JUnit 368 620 1,296
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.89% 0.86% 1.31%
As % of the Development Applications category 5.10% 5.07% 6.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 273 451 831
Median daily rate £475 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £354 £363 £360
90th Percentile £625 £610 £631
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -6.32% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 10
Median hourly rate £58.00 £48.85 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.73% +11.66% -30.00%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.00 £52.00 £43.75
% change year-on-year +11.54% +18.86% -30.00%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 7,213 12,220 21,222
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.39% 17.04% 21.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,942 8,300 14,697
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £320 £325 £325
90th Percentile £638 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £434 £450 £438
% change year-on-year -3.61% +2.86% +5.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 158 157 232
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £30.00 £16.20 £31.28
90th Percentile £60.30 £68.85 £55.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £44.00
% change year-on-year +5.88% -3.41% +3.53%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +16 307 £475 -5.00% 106
London -2 174 £500 -4.76% 45
UK excluding London +49 139 £445 -6.32% 73
Work from Home -124 91 £475 -13.64% 24
North of England +64 77 £450 -10.00% 29
Yorkshire +50 43 £450 -21.74% 6
Scotland +41 23 £405 -7.43% 4
North West +66 22 £450 +2.86% 14
East of England +76 14 £425 -10.53% 4
North East +15 12 £475 - 9
Midlands -14 11 £410 -13.68% 9
South East +96 7 £398 -6.47% 14
West Midlands -12 7 £540 +13.68% 3
East Midlands +29 4 £315 -16.00% 6
Northern Ireland +8 4 £424 -1.62% 3
South West +56 3 £414 -15.13% 4

For the 6 months to 19 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 303 (82.34%) Java
2 232 (63.04%) Agile Software Development
3 198 (53.80%) Spring
4 177 (48.10%) Jenkins
5 156 (42.39%) Git (software)
6 142 (38.59%) Maven
7 133 (36.14%) REST
8 127 (34.51%) Mockito
9 125 (33.97%) TDD
10 123 (33.42%) Test Automation
11 122 (33.15%) AWS
12 121 (32.88%) Microservices
13 120 (32.61%) Docker
14 116 (31.52%) JIRA
15 114 (30.98%) Continuous Integration
16 112 (30.43%) GitHub
17 108 (29.35%) DevOps
18 107 (29.08%) JSON
18 107 (29.08%) Scrum
19 105 (28.53%) Spring Boot
20 93 (25.27%) Confluence
21 92 (25.00%) XML
22 90 (24.46%) Java 8
23 88 (23.91%) Cucumber
24 84 (22.83%) JavaScript
25 83 (22.55%) Web Services
26 80 (21.74%) Pair Programming
26 80 (21.74%) BDD
27 78 (21.20%) Android
28 77 (20.92%) RESTful

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (25.27%) Confluence
2 52 (14.13%) Mule
3 45 (12.23%) JBoss
4 36 (9.78%) Cloud Foundry
5 30 (8.15%) Red Hat Fuse
6 29 (7.88%) WebSphere
7 18 (4.89%) Elasticsearch
7 18 (4.89%) WebLogic
8 12 (3.26%) Apache
8 12 (3.26%) SharePoint
8 12 (3.26%) Tomcat
9 10 (2.72%) Apache ServiceMix
9 10 (2.72%) BizTalk Server
10 4 (1.09%) Apache Spark
10 4 (1.09%) Oracle Coherence
10 4 (1.09%) WebSphere Application Server
11 3 (0.82%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 3 (0.82%) Anypoint
11 3 (0.82%) GlassFish
11 3 (0.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 5 (1.36%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.54%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 5 (1.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.27%) Exstream
2 1 (0.27%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 122 (33.15%) AWS
2 112 (30.43%) GitHub
3 49 (13.32%) Azure
4 42 (11.41%) Slack
5 40 (10.87%) PaaS
6 32 (8.70%) IaaS
7 19 (5.16%) OpenShift
8 16 (4.35%) Apigee
9 15 (4.08%) Serverless
10 14 (3.80%) GCP
11 10 (2.72%) Amazon SQS
11 10 (2.72%) AWS Lambda
11 10 (2.72%) Boomi
11 10 (2.72%) SaaS
12 9 (2.45%) Amazon S3
12 9 (2.45%) npm
13 8 (2.17%) Google Analytics
14 7 (1.90%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 6 (1.63%) Amazon EC2
16 5 (1.36%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 40 (10.87%) HTTP
2 14 (3.80%) HTTPS
3 13 (3.53%) SSL
4 11 (2.99%) TCP/IP
5 7 (1.90%) Internet
6 5 (1.36%) Kerberos
7 4 (1.09%) NAS
8 3 (0.82%) DLNA
8 3 (0.82%) SMS
8 3 (0.82%) UPnP
8 3 (0.82%) Wi-Fi
9 2 (0.54%) AMQP
9 2 (0.54%) LAN
9 2 (0.54%) Software-Defined Networking
9 2 (0.54%) WebEx
10 1 (0.27%) DNS
10 1 (0.27%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (11.68%) MongoDB
2 40 (10.87%) NoSQL
3 38 (10.33%) Relational Database
4 35 (9.51%) MySQL
5 28 (7.61%) SQL Server
6 17 (4.62%) PostgreSQL
7 9 (2.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 8 (2.17%) Apache Cassandra
8 8 (2.17%) RDBMS
9 6 (1.63%) Apache Hive
9 6 (1.63%) DB2
9 6 (1.63%) Hadoop
9 6 (1.63%) Oracle Database
10 5 (1.36%) Big Data
10 5 (1.36%) Cosmos DB
10 5 (1.36%) HBase
10 5 (1.36%) Impala
11 4 (1.09%) Amazon RDS
11 4 (1.09%) Redis
11 4 (1.09%) ZAP BI
Development Applications
1 177 (48.10%) Jenkins
2 156 (42.39%) Git (software)
3 142 (38.59%) Maven
4 127 (34.51%) Mockito
5 116 (31.52%) JIRA
6 88 (23.91%) Cucumber
7 70 (19.02%) Selenium
8 49 (13.32%) Gradle
8 49 (13.32%) IntelliJ
9 45 (12.23%) Sonatype Nexus
10 38 (10.33%) Subversion
11 36 (9.78%) Android Studio
11 36 (9.78%) GitLab
12 35 (9.51%) JMeter
12 35 (9.51%) SonarQube
13 29 (7.88%) CocoaPods
13 29 (7.88%) Xcode
14 25 (6.79%) jMock
15 23 (6.25%) Ant
16 21 (5.71%) TestNG
General
1 59 (16.03%) Banking
2 54 (14.67%) Finance
3 40 (10.87%) Public Sector
4 30 (8.15%) Investment Banking
5 6 (1.63%) Front Office
6 5 (1.36%) Retail Banking
7 4 (1.09%) Advertising
7 4 (1.09%) Law
8 3 (0.82%) Electronics
9 2 (0.54%) Back Office
9 2 (0.54%) Games
9 2 (0.54%) Multimedia
9 2 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
9 2 (0.54%) Retail
10 1 (0.27%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.27%) French Language
10 1 (0.27%) Legal
10 1 (0.27%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 218 (59.24%) Developer
2 128 (34.78%) Java Developer
3 28 (7.61%) Senior Developer
4 24 (6.52%) Full Stack Developer
5 21 (5.71%) Android Developer
6 20 (5.43%) SC Cleared Java Developer
6 20 (5.43%) Senior Java Developer
6 20 (5.43%) Software Engineer
7 18 (4.89%) DevOps Engineer
7 18 (4.89%) Integration Developer
8 17 (4.62%) Android Engineer
8 17 (4.62%) Java Middleware Developer
8 17 (4.62%) Middleware Developer
9 16 (4.35%) Java Engineer
10 13 (3.53%) Senior Integration Developer
10 13 (3.53%) Senior Middleware Developer
11 12 (3.26%) AWS Developer
11 12 (3.26%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 12 (3.26%) Tester
12 9 (2.45%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 198 (53.80%) Spring
2 133 (36.14%) REST
3 107 (29.08%) JSON
4 105 (28.53%) Spring Boot
5 92 (25.00%) XML
6 83 (22.55%) Web Services
7 77 (20.92%) Node.js
7 77 (20.92%) RESTful
8 59 (16.03%) Hibernate
8 59 (16.03%) HTML
9 57 (15.49%) SOAP
10 50 (13.59%) CSS
11 44 (11.96%) WireMock
12 41 (11.14%) AngularJS
13 39 (10.60%) Apache Camel
13 39 (10.60%) RxJava
14 37 (10.05%) JMS
15 36 (9.78%) Java EE
15 36 (9.78%) React
16 33 (8.97%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 66 (17.93%) Mobile App
2 24 (6.52%) Fixed Income
3 16 (4.35%) Data Structures
3 16 (4.35%) Mobile Payment
4 15 (4.08%) Enterprise Software
5 14 (3.80%) User Experience
6 10 (2.72%) Analytical Skills
7 8 (2.17%) Cloud Native
7 8 (2.17%) Self-Motivation
8 7 (1.90%) Animation
8 7 (1.90%) Hybrid Cloud
9 6 (1.63%) Credit Risk
9 6 (1.63%) Private Cloud
9 6 (1.63%) Public Cloud
10 5 (1.36%) Clustering
10 5 (1.36%) Equities
10 5 (1.36%) Replication
11 4 (1.09%) Client/Server
11 4 (1.09%) IVR
11 4 (1.09%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 78 (21.20%) Android
2 69 (18.75%) Linux
3 48 (13.04%) Unix
4 34 (9.24%) Apple iOS
5 19 (5.16%) Windows
6 4 (1.09%) CentOS
7 3 (0.82%) Embedded Linux
7 3 (0.82%) Fedora
7 3 (0.82%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.54%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.27%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.27%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 232 (63.04%) Agile Software Development
2 125 (33.97%) TDD
3 123 (33.42%) Test Automation
4 121 (32.88%) Microservices
5 114 (30.98%) Continuous Integration
6 108 (29.35%) DevOps
7 107 (29.08%) Scrum
8 80 (21.74%) BDD
8 80 (21.74%) Pair Programming
9 69 (18.75%) Continuous Delivery
10 63 (17.12%) Android Development
10 63 (17.12%) Kanban
11 49 (13.32%) Open Source
11 49 (13.32%) SDLC
12 48 (13.04%) Unit Testing
13 40 (10.87%) OO
13 40 (10.87%) Software Engineering
14 38 (10.33%) Scaled Agile Framework
15 35 (9.51%) Continuous Improvement
15 35 (9.51%) UML
Programming Languages
1 303 (82.34%) Java
2 90 (24.46%) Java 8
3 84 (22.83%) JavaScript
4 75 (20.38%) Kotlin
5 71 (19.29%) Python
6 68 (18.48%) SQL
7 30 (8.15%) Apple Swift
7 30 (8.15%) Scala
8 21 (5.71%) Bash Shell
9 15 (4.08%) Shell Script
10 12 (3.26%) C#
10 12 (3.26%) Ruby
11 11 (2.99%) Go
11 11 (2.99%) PL/SQL
12 10 (2.72%) C++
13 9 (2.45%) PowerShell
13 9 (2.45%) TypeScript
14 8 (2.17%) Groovy
14 8 (2.17%) Perl
15 6 (1.63%) ES6
Qualifications
1 52 (14.13%) Security Cleared
2 41 (11.14%) SC Cleared
3 18 (4.89%) Degree
4 14 (3.80%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (2.17%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (1.63%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.27%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.27%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.27%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (5.98%) QA
2 8 (2.17%) WCAG
3 1 (0.27%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.27%) ISO 9001
3 1 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 120 (32.61%) Docker
2 6 (1.63%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5 (1.36%) Postfix
4 4 (1.09%) HDFS
5 3 (0.82%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.54%) KVM
7 1 (0.27%) Active Directory
7 1 (0.27%) NFS
Systems Management
1 71 (19.29%) Kubernetes
2 30 (8.15%) Ansible
3 25 (6.79%) Puppet
4 22 (5.98%) Terraform
5 19 (5.16%) Kibana
6 15 (4.08%) Grafana
7 14 (3.80%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (1.63%) Consul
8 6 (1.63%) logstash
8 6 (1.63%) Prometheus
9 5 (1.36%) Nagios
10 4 (1.09%) ZABBIX
11 2 (0.54%) CloudHub
11 2 (0.54%) HP ALM
11 2 (0.54%) HP Fortify
11 2 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
12 1 (0.27%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 38 (10.33%) Splunk
2 35 (9.51%) Oracle
3 32 (8.70%) AppDynamics
4 27 (7.34%) Atlassian
5 25 (6.79%) Sybase
6 23 (6.25%) Google
6 23 (6.25%) Red Hat
7 16 (4.35%) Murex
8 15 (4.08%) webMethods
9 14 (3.80%) MuleSoft
10 10 (2.72%) Axway
10 10 (2.72%) Dell
10 10 (2.72%) Fiorano
10 10 (2.72%) Jitterbit
10 10 (2.72%) Talend
10 10 (2.72%) TIBCO
11 8 (2.17%) Adobe
12 6 (1.63%) VMware
13 5 (1.36%) Blue Coat
13 5 (1.36%) ServiceNow