Period
to 19 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 19 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 207 201 304
Rank change year-on-year -6 +103 -32
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1261 1387 881
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.27% 1.30% 0.77%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.89% 7.92% 5.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 826 941 545
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £306
90th Percentile £625 £588 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £380
% change year-on-year - +11.84% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 7 6
UK median hourly rate £62.50 £36.00 £39.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +73.61% -8.28% -44.72%
10th Percentile £39.20 £26.50 £34.23
90th Percentile £63.75 £44.85 £57.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £62.50 £36.00 £39.25
% change year-on-year +73.61% -8.28% +30.83%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 18313 17513 15931
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.43% 16.46% 13.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 12683 11869 10538
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £600 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +1.31% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 290 252 315
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £39.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +5.13% +3.17%
10th Percentile £30.70 £24.00 £24.34
90th Percentile £63.75 £53.75 £49.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £39.31
% change year-on-year +3.66% +4.30% +4.83%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 19 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 19 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 1148 £475 +5.56% 110
UK excluding London +2 660 £425 - 62
London -19 578 £513 +7.89% 55
South East -52 206 £500 +11.11% 19
North of England +53 164 £423 -0.59% 13
Midlands +24 88 £413 -4.07% 4
North West +23 78 £425 - 7
East of England +8 77 £380 -13.14% 7
Yorkshire +13 67 £430 +1.18% 6
West Midlands +29 58 £413 -8.33% 3
Scotland +17 57 £450 +28.57% 6
South West +2 31 £419 +8.06% 12
East Midlands -3 29 £420 +10.53%
Northern Ireland - 22 £415 -
North East +77 21 £350 +9.38%
Wales -17 10 £450 +5.88% 1
Channel Islands - 6 - -

For the 6 months to 19 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1162 (92.15%) Java
2 854 (67.72%) Agile Software Development
3 722 (57.26%) Spring
4 565 (44.81%) TDD
5 556 (44.09%) Jenkins
6 543 (43.06%) Git (software)
7 466 (36.95%) Maven
8 455 (36.08%) Test Automation
9 434 (34.42%) Continuous Integration
10 419 (33.23%) Mockito
10 419 (33.23%) REST
11 416 (32.99%) SQL
12 397 (31.48%) Scrum
13 392 (31.09%) JavaScript
14 378 (29.98%) Hibernate
15 370 (29.34%) RESTful
16 368 (29.18%) JIRA
17 366 (29.02%) Web Services
18 323 (25.61%) Linux
19 290 (23.00%) HTML
20 288 (22.84%) BDD
21 277 (21.97%) XML
22 270 (21.41%) Oracle
23 269 (21.33%) JSON
24 263 (20.86%) Microservices
25 258 (20.46%) Relational Database
26 256 (20.30%) Selenium
27 250 (19.83%) MVC
28 249 (19.75%) Unit Testing
29 246 (19.51%) SOAP

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 237 (18.79%) Confluence
2 155 (12.29%) Tomcat
3 135 (10.71%) JBoss
4 124 (9.83%) Apache
5 71 (5.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 69 (5.47%) WebLogic
7 65 (5.15%) WebSphere
8 53 (4.20%) Elasticsearch
9 50 (3.97%) WildFly
10 43 (3.41%) Apache Spark
11 21 (1.67%) Cloud Foundry
12 19 (1.51%) CMS
12 19 (1.51%) WebSphere Application Server
13 18 (1.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 18 (1.43%) Apache Solr
14 14 (1.11%) GemFire
14 14 (1.11%) GlassFish
14 14 (1.11%) WebSphere Process Server
15 12 (0.95%) Mule
16 8 (0.63%) nginx
Applications
1 9 (0.71%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.079%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 28 (2.22%) Payment Gateway
2 16 (1.27%) Oracle BPM
3 13 (1.03%) ION MarketView
4 3 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.16%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.079%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 98 (7.77%) Amazon AWS
2 59 (4.68%) GitHub
3 32 (2.54%) OpenShift
4 30 (2.38%) Amazon EC2
5 27 (2.14%) npm
6 26 (2.06%) Amazon S3
7 22 (1.74%) PaaS
8 18 (1.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 15 (1.19%) Amazon ELB
10 14 (1.11%) Microsoft Azure
11 13 (1.03%) Slack
11 13 (1.03%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 8 (0.63%) Cloud Computing
13 7 (0.56%) Amazon SQS
13 7 (0.56%) CloudFront
13 7 (0.56%) IaaS
14 6 (0.48%) AWS Lambda
14 6 (0.48%) Google Analytics
14 6 (0.48%) Serverless
14 6 (0.48%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 121 (9.60%) HTTP
2 31 (2.46%) Internet
3 25 (1.98%) TCP/IP
4 18 (1.43%) SSL
5 17 (1.35%) FTP
6 14 (1.11%) DNS
6 14 (1.11%) OpenLDAP
6 14 (1.11%) OpenVPN
6 14 (1.11%) SSH
7 13 (1.03%) LDAP
8 9 (0.71%) AMQP
9 5 (0.40%) 802.11
9 5 (0.40%) ADSL
9 5 (0.40%) Bluetooth
9 5 (0.40%) Broadband
9 5 (0.40%) IPv4
9 5 (0.40%) IPv6
9 5 (0.40%) SMS
9 5 (0.40%) WAN
9 5 (0.40%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 258 (20.46%) Relational Database
2 149 (11.82%) NoSQL
3 139 (11.02%) RDBMS
4 125 (9.91%) MySQL
5 122 (9.67%) MongoDB
6 87 (6.90%) PostgreSQL
7 60 (4.76%) SQL Server
8 59 (4.68%) Apache Cassandra
9 54 (4.28%) Hadoop
10 52 (4.12%) Big Data
11 43 (3.41%) DB2
12 41 (3.25%) Oracle Database
13 33 (2.62%) Apache Hive
14 29 (2.30%) MarkLogic
15 27 (2.14%) Endeca
16 25 (1.98%) Data Warehouse
17 17 (1.35%) DB2 UDB
18 16 (1.27%) Oracle Database 11g
19 15 (1.19%) Amazon RDS
19 15 (1.19%) HBase
Development Applications
1 556 (44.09%) Jenkins
2 543 (43.06%) Git (software)
3 466 (36.95%) Maven
4 419 (33.23%) Mockito
5 368 (29.18%) JIRA
6 256 (20.30%) Selenium
7 232 (18.40%) Cucumber
8 187 (14.83%) Subversion
9 181 (14.35%) Eclipse
10 143 (11.34%) Gradle
11 132 (10.47%) Ant
12 110 (8.72%) IntelliJ
13 107 (8.49%) SonarQube
14 69 (5.47%) SoapUI
15 68 (5.39%) JMeter
15 68 (5.39%) TeamCity
16 67 (5.31%) Jasmine
17 66 (5.23%) jMock
18 65 (5.15%) TestNG
19 64 (5.08%) Liquibase
General
1 206 (16.34%) Finance
2 168 (13.32%) Banking
3 46 (3.65%) Investment Banking
4 35 (2.78%) Front Office
5 32 (2.54%) Retail
6 27 (2.14%) Games
7 26 (2.06%) Publishing
8 23 (1.82%) Marketing
9 14 (1.11%) Manufacturing
10 13 (1.03%) Telecoms
11 11 (0.87%) Advertising
12 9 (0.71%) Automotive
13 7 (0.56%) Legal
14 5 (0.40%) Back Office
14 5 (0.40%) International Banking
15 4 (0.32%) Electronics
16 2 (0.16%) Financial Institution
17 1 (0.079%) Dutch Language
17 1 (0.079%) Pharmaceutical
17 1 (0.079%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 998 (79.14%) Developer
2 755 (59.87%) Java Developer
3 145 (11.50%) Senior Developer
4 112 (8.88%) Senior Java Developer
5 85 (6.74%) Scala Developer
6 69 (5.47%) Agile Developer
7 60 (4.76%) Agile Java Developer
8 58 (4.60%) Full Stack Developer
9 57 (4.52%) Software Engineer
10 52 (4.12%) Java Engineer
11 47 (3.73%) Tester
12 45 (3.57%) Lead Developer
13 44 (3.49%) Java Scala Developer
14 39 (3.09%) Analyst
15 38 (3.01%) Android Developer
16 37 (2.93%) Test Engineer
17 35 (2.78%) JavaScript Developer
18 33 (2.62%) Software Developer
19 32 (2.54%) Test Analyst
20 31 (2.46%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 722 (57.26%) Spring
2 419 (33.23%) REST
3 378 (29.98%) Hibernate
4 370 (29.34%) RESTful
5 366 (29.02%) Web Services
6 290 (23.00%) HTML
7 277 (21.97%) XML
8 269 (21.33%) JSON
9 246 (19.51%) SOAP
10 244 (19.35%) CSS
11 235 (18.64%) J2EE
12 197 (15.62%) JMS
13 184 (14.59%) AngularJS
14 176 (13.96%) Spring MVC
15 166 (13.16%) Java EE
16 162 (12.85%) HTML5
17 154 (12.21%) jQuery
17 154 (12.21%) Spring Boot
18 127 (10.07%) Ajax
19 113 (8.96%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 84 (6.66%) Mobile App
2 78 (6.19%) Enterprise Software
3 66 (5.23%) Linux Command Line
4 47 (3.73%) User Experience
5 46 (3.65%) Greenfield Project
6 44 (3.49%) Analytical Skills
7 38 (3.01%) Computer Science
8 30 (2.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 29 (2.30%) Social Media
10 25 (1.98%) iPad
11 22 (1.74%) Fixed Income
11 22 (1.74%) Virtual Team
12 21 (1.67%) Data Structures
13 20 (1.59%) Algorithms
14 16 (1.27%) Animation
15 14 (1.11%) Equities
16 11 (0.87%) Cloud Native
17 10 (0.79%) Management Information System
17 10 (0.79%) Replication
18 8 (0.63%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 323 (25.61%) Linux
2 223 (17.68%) Unix
3 61 (4.84%) Android
4 58 (4.60%) Windows
5 39 (3.09%) VMS
6 37 (2.93%) Apple iOS
7 32 (2.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 16 (1.27%) CentOS
9 15 (1.19%) Solaris
10 13 (1.03%) Mac OS X
11 7 (0.56%) HPUX
12 6 (0.48%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.079%) AIX
13 1 (0.079%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 854 (67.72%) Agile Software Development
2 565 (44.81%) TDD
3 455 (36.08%) Test Automation
4 434 (34.42%) Continuous Integration
5 397 (31.48%) Scrum
6 288 (22.84%) BDD
7 263 (20.86%) Microservices
8 250 (19.83%) MVC
9 249 (19.75%) Unit Testing
10 237 (18.79%) OO
11 203 (16.10%) Open Source
12 168 (13.32%) DevOps
13 157 (12.45%) Kanban
14 135 (10.71%) SOA
15 132 (10.47%) E-Commerce
16 131 (10.39%) SDLC
16 131 (10.39%) Software Engineering
17 115 (9.12%) Configuration Management
18 107 (8.49%) Dependency Injection
19 98 (7.77%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1162 (92.15%) Java
2 416 (32.99%) SQL
3 392 (31.09%) JavaScript
4 174 (13.80%) Scala
5 145 (11.50%) Python
6 130 (10.31%) C#
7 125 (9.91%) Ruby
8 68 (5.39%) PL/SQL
9 50 (3.97%) Groovy
10 40 (3.17%) Bash Shell
10 40 (3.17%) JPQL
11 38 (3.01%) Perl
12 37 (2.93%) Shell Script
13 25 (1.98%) XPath
14 17 (1.35%) PHP
15 12 (0.95%) PowerShell
16 11 (0.87%) C++
16 11 (0.87%) ES6
17 10 (0.79%) TypeScript
17 10 (0.79%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 103 (8.17%) Security Cleared
2 79 (6.26%) Degree
3 66 (5.23%) SC Cleared
4 24 (1.90%) BPSS Clearance
5 16 (1.27%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (0.79%) DV Cleared
7 9 (0.71%) Sun Certification
8 7 (0.56%) Master's Degree
9 6 (0.48%) ISEB
9 6 (0.48%) ISTQB
10 5 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 1 (0.079%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 117 (9.28%) QA
2 13 (1.03%) WCAG
3 11 (0.87%) MiFID
4 4 (0.32%) Dodd-Frank
4 4 (0.32%) EMIR
5 2 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.16%) FATCA
5 2 (0.16%) GCP
6 1 (0.079%) GxP
6 1 (0.079%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 154 (12.21%) Docker
2 14 (1.11%) Postfix
2 14 (1.11%) Squid
2 14 (1.11%) vCloud
3 13 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.95%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 10 (0.79%) HDFS
6 7 (0.56%) Varnish
6 7 (0.56%) VMware Infrastructure
7 5 (0.40%) Firmware
7 5 (0.40%) vSphere
8 1 (0.079%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 105 (8.33%) Ansible
2 90 (7.14%) Puppet
3 41 (3.25%) Opscode Chef
4 40 (3.17%) Kubernetes
5 38 (3.01%) Kibana
6 25 (1.98%) Grafana
7 23 (1.82%) Oozie
8 20 (1.59%) logstash
8 20 (1.59%) Terraform
9 15 (1.19%) Prometheus
9 15 (1.19%) Rancher
10 14 (1.11%) Docker Swarm
10 14 (1.11%) ZABBIX
11 13 (1.03%) Rsyslog
11 13 (1.03%) Sysdig
12 5 (0.40%) HP Quality Center
13 4 (0.32%) Consul
14 3 (0.24%) Salt
15 2 (0.16%) CA Service Virtualization
15 2 (0.16%) Nagios
Vendors
1 270 (21.41%) Oracle
2 84 (6.66%) Google
3 48 (3.81%) Red Hat
4 36 (2.85%) Atlassian
5 35 (2.78%) Sybase
6 33 (2.62%) webMethods
7 31 (2.46%) IBM
8 30 (2.38%) Perforce
9 27 (2.14%) Splunk
9 27 (2.14%) TIBCO
10 26 (2.06%) ATG
11 25 (1.98%) Adobe
12 22 (1.74%) VMware
13 17 (1.35%) Sonatype
14 16 (1.27%) CA Agile Central
15 15 (1.19%) MuleSoft
16 14 (1.11%) ION Trading
16 14 (1.11%) Solace
17 12 (0.95%) HP
18 10 (0.79%) Reuters