Period
to 25 July 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 25 July 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
25 Jul 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 212 216 302
Rank change year-on-year +4 +86 -29
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1143 1348 895
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.20% 1.23% 0.79%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.74% 7.99% 5.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 730 940 561
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +12.50% -0.12%
10th Percentile £319 £318 £288
90th Percentile £625 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £375
% change year-on-year - +13.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 7 6
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £38.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.21% -5.00% -35.22%
10th Percentile £35.00 £32.30 £36.85
90th Percentile £63.75 £44.85 £72.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £38.00 £38.00
% change year-on-year +9.21% - -5.00%

JUnit is in the development application skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

Contract Development Application Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 16950 16861 14962
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 17.81% 15.34% 13.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 11570 11476 9706
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £306 £298 £269
90th Percentile £588 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £363
% change year-on-year +3.23% +6.90% +5.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 328 291 267
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +13.33% -0.79%
10th Percentile £28.75 £26.25 £21.95
90th Percentile £57.88 £52.50 £49.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +13.33% -

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 25 July 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 25 July 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 25 July 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 1058 £450 - 217
UK excluding London 0 618 £425 - 129
London -19 493 £500 +5.26% 101
North of England +85 190 £410 -3.53% 26
South East -70 179 £500 +11.11% 46
East of England +26 80 £363 -19.44% 9
North West +43 76 £425 +3.03% 14
Midlands +16 68 £425 +8.97% 18
Yorkshire +18 64 £425 - 7
North East +92 52 £320 -5.19% 5
West Midlands +27 48 £444 +0.85% 15
South West +10 44 £438 +14.75% 17
Scotland +3 35 £450 +28.57% 10
East Midlands -15 20 £363 +11.54% 2
Wales -8 8 £450 +28.57%
Channel Islands - 8 - - 1
Northern Ireland - 6 £411 - 2

For the 6 months to 25 July 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1035 (90.55%) Java
2 763 (66.75%) Agile Software Development
3 695 (60.80%) Spring
4 567 (49.61%) Jenkins
5 557 (48.73%) TDD
6 502 (43.92%) Git (software)
7 453 (39.63%) Continuous Integration
8 388 (33.95%) SQL
9 384 (33.60%) Test Automation
9 384 (33.60%) REST
10 374 (32.72%) Maven
11 369 (32.28%) Scrum
12 348 (30.45%) Mockito
13 342 (29.92%) HTML
14 333 (29.13%) JavaScript
15 317 (27.73%) Hibernate
16 300 (26.25%) JIRA
17 287 (25.11%) JSON
17 287 (25.11%) Web Services
18 286 (25.02%) Linux
19 275 (24.06%) CSS
20 257 (22.48%) RESTful
21 255 (22.31%) XML
22 248 (21.70%) Cucumber
23 243 (21.26%) BDD
24 242 (21.17%) MVC
25 241 (21.08%) SOAP
26 234 (20.47%) Open Source
27 230 (20.12%) Selenium
28 226 (19.77%) Unit Testing

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 185 (16.19%) Confluence
2 156 (13.65%) JBoss
3 139 (12.16%) Tomcat
4 119 (10.41%) Apache
5 89 (7.79%) WebSphere
6 61 (5.34%) WebLogic
7 47 (4.11%) Elasticsearch
7 47 (4.11%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 42 (3.67%) WebSphere Application Server
9 35 (3.06%) Apache Spark
10 26 (2.27%) WebSphere Process Server
11 16 (1.40%) Apache Solr
12 14 (1.22%) nginx
13 13 (1.14%) Cloud Foundry
14 12 (1.05%) GlassFish
15 11 (0.96%) WildFly
16 9 (0.79%) Mule
17 8 (0.70%) Oracle Workflow
18 7 (0.61%) CMS
18 7 (0.61%) Jetty
Applications
1 7 (0.61%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.087%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 27 (2.36%) Payment Gateway
2 23 (2.01%) ION MarketView
3 7 (0.61%) RMDS
4 6 (0.52%) BusinessWorks
5 2 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.087%) Actimize
6 1 (0.087%) Loan IQ
6 1 (0.087%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 84 (7.35%) GitHub
2 74 (6.47%) Amazon AWS
3 34 (2.97%) OpenShift
4 23 (2.01%) Amazon EC2
5 20 (1.75%) Amazon S3
6 17 (1.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 17 (1.49%) PaaS
7 15 (1.31%) Microsoft Azure
8 12 (1.05%) Slack
9 10 (0.87%) Amazon ELB
9 10 (0.87%) Amazon SQS
9 10 (0.87%) AWS Lambda
9 10 (0.87%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 8 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
10 8 (0.70%) Google Analytics
11 7 (0.61%) IaaS
12 6 (0.52%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 6 (0.52%) CloudFront
13 5 (0.44%) Basecamp
13 5 (0.44%) Bluemix
Communications & Networking
1 135 (11.81%) HTTP
2 25 (2.19%) LDAP
3 22 (1.92%) Internet
4 16 (1.40%) SSL
4 16 (1.40%) TCP/IP
5 13 (1.14%) OpenLDAP
6 11 (0.96%) DNS
6 11 (0.96%) OpenVPN
6 11 (0.96%) SSH
7 6 (0.52%) X.509
8 4 (0.35%) SMS
9 3 (0.26%) 802.11
9 3 (0.26%) ADSL
9 3 (0.26%) Bluetooth
9 3 (0.26%) Broadband
9 3 (0.26%) FTP
9 3 (0.26%) IPv4
9 3 (0.26%) IPv6
9 3 (0.26%) WAN
9 3 (0.26%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 224 (19.60%) Relational Database
2 146 (12.77%) MongoDB
3 135 (11.81%) MySQL
4 119 (10.41%) NoSQL
5 96 (8.40%) PostgreSQL
6 66 (5.77%) RDBMS
7 63 (5.51%) SQL Server
8 56 (4.90%) Hadoop
9 55 (4.81%) Apache Cassandra
9 55 (4.81%) Big Data
10 31 (2.71%) DB2
10 31 (2.71%) Oracle Database
11 27 (2.36%) Apache Hive
12 26 (2.27%) Data Warehouse
13 25 (2.19%) Endeca
14 20 (1.75%) Oracle Database 11g
15 19 (1.66%) MariaDB
16 18 (1.57%) MarkLogic
17 13 (1.14%) Couchbase
17 13 (1.14%) Redis
Development Applications
1 567 (49.61%) Jenkins
2 502 (43.92%) Git (software)
3 374 (32.72%) Maven
4 348 (30.45%) Mockito
5 300 (26.25%) JIRA
6 248 (21.70%) Cucumber
7 230 (20.12%) Selenium
8 195 (17.06%) Subversion
9 158 (13.82%) Eclipse
10 138 (12.07%) Gradle
11 111 (9.71%) IntelliJ
12 80 (7.00%) Ant
13 61 (5.34%) TeamCity
14 60 (5.25%) TestNG
15 59 (5.16%) SonarQube
16 58 (5.07%) jMock
17 55 (4.81%) WebDriver
18 49 (4.29%) JBehave
19 48 (4.20%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 44 (3.85%) JMeter
General
1 175 (15.31%) Finance
2 157 (13.74%) Banking
3 46 (4.02%) Front Office
4 29 (2.54%) Investment Banking
5 26 (2.27%) Retail
6 25 (2.19%) Games
7 15 (1.31%) Automotive
7 15 (1.31%) Manufacturing
8 14 (1.22%) Publishing
9 13 (1.14%) Advertising
9 13 (1.14%) Telecoms
10 10 (0.87%) Marketing
11 8 (0.70%) International Banking
12 7 (0.61%) Back Office
13 5 (0.44%) Aerospace
13 5 (0.44%) Financial Institution
13 5 (0.44%) Legal
14 3 (0.26%) Electronics
15 2 (0.17%) Retail Banking
16 1 (0.087%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 893 (78.13%) Developer
2 636 (55.64%) Java Developer
3 131 (11.46%) Senior Developer
4 98 (8.57%) Scala Developer
5 81 (7.09%) Senior Java Developer
6 46 (4.02%) Agile Developer
7 43 (3.76%) Android Developer
7 43 (3.76%) Java Engineer
7 43 (3.76%) Java Scala Developer
8 42 (3.67%) Agile Java Developer
9 41 (3.59%) Software Engineer
10 35 (3.06%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 34 (2.97%) Tester
12 33 (2.89%) Software Developer
13 32 (2.80%) Full Stack Developer
14 31 (2.71%) DevOps Engineer
15 29 (2.54%) Test Engineer
16 27 (2.36%) Lead Developer
17 26 (2.27%) Automation Tester
17 26 (2.27%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 695 (60.80%) Spring
2 384 (33.60%) REST
3 342 (29.92%) HTML
4 317 (27.73%) Hibernate
5 287 (25.11%) JSON
5 287 (25.11%) Web Services
6 275 (24.06%) CSS
7 257 (22.48%) RESTful
8 255 (22.31%) XML
9 241 (21.08%) SOAP
10 204 (17.85%) J2EE
11 194 (16.97%) HTML5
12 176 (15.40%) Spring MVC
13 140 (12.25%) AngularJS
14 139 (12.16%) Ajax
15 137 (11.99%) Spring Boot
16 134 (11.72%) JMS
17 127 (11.11%) CSS3
18 120 (10.50%) Java EE
19 118 (10.32%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 86 (7.52%) Mobile App
2 72 (6.30%) Analytical Skills
3 59 (5.16%) Enterprise Software
4 48 (4.20%) User Experience
5 43 (3.76%) Greenfield Project
6 36 (3.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 30 (2.62%) Computer Science
8 28 (2.45%) Fixed Income
9 23 (2.01%) Animation
9 23 (2.01%) Linux Command Line
10 21 (1.84%) iPad
11 20 (1.75%) Social Media
12 16 (1.40%) Cloud Native
13 15 (1.31%) Algorithms
14 14 (1.22%) Data Structures
15 13 (1.14%) Equities
16 10 (0.87%) Derivative
16 10 (0.87%) Equity Derivative
16 10 (0.87%) iSeries
17 9 (0.79%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 286 (25.02%) Linux
2 176 (15.40%) Unix
3 62 (5.42%) Android
4 54 (4.72%) Windows
5 38 (3.32%) Apple iOS
6 25 (2.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (1.92%) Mac OS X
8 19 (1.66%) CentOS
9 18 (1.57%) Solaris
10 8 (0.70%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.52%) HPUX
12 1 (0.087%) AIX
12 1 (0.087%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.087%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 763 (66.75%) Agile Software Development
2 557 (48.73%) TDD
3 453 (39.63%) Continuous Integration
4 384 (33.60%) Test Automation
5 369 (32.28%) Scrum
6 243 (21.26%) BDD
7 242 (21.17%) MVC
8 234 (20.47%) Open Source
9 226 (19.77%) Unit Testing
10 212 (18.55%) Microservices
11 198 (17.32%) DevOps
12 186 (16.27%) OO
13 128 (11.20%) Software Engineering
14 119 (10.41%) SOA
15 109 (9.54%) Pair Programming
16 106 (9.27%) SDLC
17 105 (9.19%) Kanban
18 101 (8.84%) Configuration Management
19 100 (8.75%) E-Commerce
20 98 (8.57%) Responsive Web Design
Programming Languages
1 1035 (90.55%) Java
2 388 (33.95%) SQL
3 333 (29.13%) JavaScript
4 199 (17.41%) Scala
5 156 (13.65%) Python
6 153 (13.39%) C#
7 148 (12.95%) Ruby
8 54 (4.72%) Groovy
9 51 (4.46%) PL/SQL
10 47 (4.11%) Bash Shell
11 38 (3.32%) Shell Script
12 33 (2.89%) Perl
13 13 (1.14%) Apple Swift
13 13 (1.14%) ES6
13 13 (1.14%) Objective-C
14 12 (1.05%) C++
14 12 (1.05%) Korn
14 12 (1.05%) PHP
15 10 (0.87%) C
15 10 (0.87%) XPath
Qualifications
1 52 (4.55%) Security Cleared
2 51 (4.46%) Degree
3 33 (2.89%) SC Cleared
4 13 (1.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.05%) BPSS Clearance
5 12 (1.05%) DV Cleared
6 7 (0.61%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.35%) Sun Certification
8 1 (0.087%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.087%) Brainbench
8 1 (0.087%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.087%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.087%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 87 (7.61%) QA
2 18 (1.57%) MiFID
3 14 (1.22%) WCAG
4 8 (0.70%) EMIR
5 7 (0.61%) Dodd-Frank
5 7 (0.61%) FATCA
6 4 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.17%) GCP
7 2 (0.17%) GxP
8 1 (0.087%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.087%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 148 (12.95%) Docker
2 17 (1.49%) Virtual Machines
3 11 (0.96%) Postfix
3 11 (0.96%) Squid
3 11 (0.96%) vCloud
4 10 (0.87%) Varnish
5 7 (0.61%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.52%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (0.52%) HDFS
7 3 (0.26%) Active Directory
7 3 (0.26%) Firmware
7 3 (0.26%) vSphere
8 2 (0.17%) OpenAM
9 1 (0.087%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 74 (6.47%) Ansible
2 69 (6.04%) Puppet
3 47 (4.11%) Kubernetes
4 33 (2.89%) Kibana
5 26 (2.27%) Grafana
6 23 (2.01%) Oozie
7 22 (1.92%) Terraform
8 20 (1.75%) Opscode Chef
9 18 (1.57%) Prometheus
10 16 (1.40%) logstash
11 11 (0.96%) Docker Swarm
11 11 (0.96%) Rancher
11 11 (0.96%) Rsyslog
11 11 (0.96%) Sysdig
11 11 (0.96%) ZABBIX
12 6 (0.52%) Consul
13 4 (0.35%) StatsD
14 3 (0.26%) Control-M
14 3 (0.26%) Nagios
15 2 (0.17%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 211 (18.46%) Oracle
2 114 (9.97%) Google
3 53 (4.64%) TIBCO
4 46 (4.02%) Red Hat
5 39 (3.41%) IBM
5 39 (3.41%) Sybase
6 36 (3.15%) webMethods
7 34 (2.97%) Splunk
8 31 (2.71%) ION Trading
9 30 (2.62%) ATG
10 29 (2.54%) Perforce
11 21 (1.84%) Adobe
12 20 (1.75%) Atlassian
13 19 (1.66%) DevExpress
13 19 (1.66%) Syncfusion
14 18 (1.57%) VMware
15 15 (1.31%) AppDynamics
15 15 (1.31%) CA Agile Central
16 14 (1.22%) Reuters
17 13 (1.14%) Sonatype
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: 5 hours ago
Croydon, Surrey
Square One Resources
Rate: £435 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
North London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £450 to £500 per annum for 6 months
Posted: 11 hours ago
Jersey, Channel Isles
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: negotiable
Posted: 6 hours ago
City, London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: Up to £500 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £375 - £425 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day for 6 months +
Posted: 7 hours ago
Bracknell, Berkshire
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £400.00 - £600.00 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
Sunderland, Tyne and Wear
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: Yesterday
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £475 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Surrey
Coded People
Rate: £200 - £250 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West Midlands
TEKsystems
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City of London
Nigel Frank International
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Woking, Surrey
IntaPeople
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
South West London
IT Talent Solutions
Rate: From £300 to £340 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £300.00 - £375.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £630 to £650 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Ampersand Consulting
Rate: £450 - £700 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Bracknell, Berkshire
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £450 - £475 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Basingstoke, Hampshire
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £40.00 - £42.00 per hour
Posted: 4 days ago
Oxfordshire
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: excellent rates or salaries, 6 months contracts
Posted: 6 days ago
South West London
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Warwick, Warwickshire
3Search
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Brentwood, Essex
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: 6 days ago