The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 3 months to 27 April 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
3 months to
27 Apr 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 199 202 285
Rank change year-on-year +3 +83  
Contract jobs citing JUnit 569 665 418
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.22% 1.19% 0.75%
As % of the Development Applications category 7.04% 8.08% 5.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 367 430 270
Median daily rate £450 £450 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +12.50%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £320 £325 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £575 £535
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +7.50% +6.66%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 4 2
Median hourly rate £40.75 £40.50 £54.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.61% -25.34%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £35.00 £37.65 £40.85
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £59.35 £44.05 £67.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.75 £40.50 £54.25
% change year-on-year +0.61% -25.34%  

JUnit is in the development application skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

Contract Development Application Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 8077 8230 7246
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 17.38% 14.72% 12.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 5484 5580 4636
Median daily rate £440 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.52% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £315 £313 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £390 £365
% change year-on-year +2.56% +6.84%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 186 163 138
Median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +14.86%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £32.50 £31.50 £27.37
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £50.00 £47.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.45 £37.02
% change year-on-year +0.11% +14.66%  

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing JUnit as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Development Applications category.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 3 months to 27 April 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 3 months to 27 April 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 3 months to 27 April 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 534 £450 - 141
London -10 234 £500 - 66
South East -51 97 £500 +17.64% 21
East of England +31 54 £400 - 9
Tyne and Wear +52 42 £383 +17.69%
North East +49 42 £383 +17.69%
Newcastle upon Tyne +50 40 £383 +47.11%
Essex +21 39 £400 - 1
City of London +4 38 £465 -11.42% 22
North West +27 27 £380 -1.93% 7
Yorkshire +23 26 £423 -0.58% 11
Oxfordshire +15 26 £560 +24.44% 3
South West +17 24 £444 +16.39% 15
West Yorkshire +24 23 £423 -2.02% 7
Leeds +18 21 £416 -4.85% 6
Berkshire +28 18 £447 -22.26% 12
East Midlands +6 17 £338 +3.84% 7
Buckinghamshire +1 17 £400 +23.07% 1
West Sussex -31 17 £500 +17.64% 3
Manchester +16 16 £350 -21.12% 7
Croydon +15 16 £450 +13.20% 3
Worthing -1 16 £500 +17.64% 2
West Midlands +12 14 £500 +19.04% 5
Oxford +6 14 £580 +22.10% 2
Southend-on-Sea - 13 £446 -
Cheshire +33 11 £440 +21.37%
Scotland +7 11 £325 -7.14% 5
Milton Keynes +4 10 £400 +23.07% 1
Exeter - 9 £413 - 1
Derbyshire - 9 £363 -

For the 6 months to 27 April 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 904 (85.69%) Java
2 746 (70.71%) Agile Software Development
3 575 (54.50%) Spring
4 531 (50.33%) TDD
5 495 (46.92%) Jenkins
6 444 (42.09%) Git (software)
7 399 (37.82%) Continuous Integration
8 364 (34.50%) SQL
9 363 (34.41%) Scrum
10 332 (31.47%) Maven
10 332 (31.47%) REST
11 326 (30.90%) HTML
12 319 (30.24%) Mockito
13 303 (28.72%) JavaScript
14 299 (28.34%) Cucumber
15 297 (28.15%) JSON
16 296 (28.06%) Linux
17 269 (25.50%) Selenium
18 260 (24.64%) Hibernate
19 258 (24.45%) XML
20 256 (24.27%) JIRA
21 254 (24.08%) Web Services
22 253 (23.98%) CSS
23 251 (23.79%) BDD
24 236 (22.37%) RESTful
25 211 (20.00%) Oracle
26 198 (18.77%) Relational Database
27 197 (18.67%) SOAP
28 194 (18.39%) MVC
29 187 (17.73%) Scala

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 152 (14.41%) Confluence
2 149 (14.12%) Tomcat
3 125 (11.85%) JBoss
4 101 (9.57%) Apache
5 91 (8.63%) WebSphere
6 51 (4.83%) WebLogic
7 41 (3.89%) WebSphere Application Server
8 40 (3.79%) Elasticsearch
9 33 (3.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 32 (3.03%) WebSphere Process Server
11 25 (2.37%) Apache Spark
12 16 (1.52%) CMS
13 14 (1.33%) nginx
14 11 (1.04%) Jetty
14 11 (1.04%) Oracle Workflow
15 10 (0.95%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 10 (0.95%) Apache Pig
16 9 (0.85%) Alfresco
16 9 (0.85%) Apache Solr
17 8 (0.76%) Mule
Applications
1 4 (0.38%) HipChat
2 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.19%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.095%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 22 (2.09%) ION MarketView
2 20 (1.90%) Payment Gateway
3 15 (1.42%) RMDS
4 6 (0.57%) BusinessWorks
5 4 (0.38%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 2 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.095%) BondVision
7 1 (0.095%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.095%) Loan IQ
7 1 (0.095%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.095%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 104 (9.86%) Amazon AWS
2 94 (8.91%) GitHub
3 25 (2.37%) Amazon EC2
4 23 (2.18%) Microsoft Azure
5 20 (1.90%) Amazon S3
6 18 (1.71%) PaaS
7 16 (1.52%) Cloud Computing
7 16 (1.52%) OpenShift
8 15 (1.42%) Amazon SQS
9 13 (1.23%) AWS Lambda
10 12 (1.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 11 (1.04%) AWS CloudFormation
12 10 (0.95%) Basecamp
12 10 (0.95%) Slack
13 9 (0.85%) BrowserStack
14 8 (0.76%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
15 7 (0.66%) Amazon ELB
15 7 (0.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 6 (0.57%) Google Analytics
17 5 (0.47%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 144 (13.65%) HTTP
2 27 (2.56%) Internet
3 26 (2.46%) LDAP
4 19 (1.80%) TCP/IP
5 18 (1.71%) DNS
6 14 (1.33%) OpenLDAP
7 13 (1.23%) SSL
8 12 (1.14%) OpenVPN
8 12 (1.14%) SSH
9 5 (0.47%) AMQP
10 4 (0.38%) FTP
10 4 (0.38%) Intranet
10 4 (0.38%) X.509
11 3 (0.28%) IPsec
11 3 (0.28%) Reverse Proxy
11 3 (0.28%) VPN
12 2 (0.19%) Firewall
12 2 (0.19%) IPv4
12 2 (0.19%) Kerberos
12 2 (0.19%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 198 (18.77%) Relational Database
2 115 (10.90%) MongoDB
3 98 (9.29%) NoSQL
4 97 (9.19%) MySQL
5 79 (7.49%) PostgreSQL
6 56 (5.31%) Big Data
7 50 (4.74%) SQL Server
8 44 (4.17%) RDBMS
9 39 (3.70%) DB2
10 38 (3.60%) Oracle Database
11 37 (3.51%) Hadoop
12 24 (2.27%) Apache Cassandra
13 21 (1.99%) Oracle Database 11g
14 19 (1.80%) Endeca
15 16 (1.52%) MariaDB
15 16 (1.52%) MarkLogic
16 15 (1.42%) Apache Hive
16 15 (1.42%) Redis
17 10 (0.95%) HBase
18 8 (0.76%) KDB
Development Applications
1 495 (46.92%) Jenkins
2 444 (42.09%) Git (software)
3 332 (31.47%) Maven
4 319 (30.24%) Mockito
5 299 (28.34%) Cucumber
6 269 (25.50%) Selenium
7 256 (24.27%) JIRA
8 180 (17.06%) Subversion
9 143 (13.55%) Gradle
10 116 (11.00%) Eclipse
11 99 (9.38%) WebDriver
12 95 (9.00%) Ant
13 90 (8.53%) IntelliJ
14 65 (6.16%) TeamCity
15 60 (5.69%) JBehave
16 53 (5.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 51 (4.83%) RSpec
18 49 (4.64%) SoapUI
19 46 (4.36%) TestNG
20 45 (4.27%) Spock
General
1 166 (15.73%) Finance
2 153 (14.50%) Banking
3 41 (3.89%) Front Office
4 37 (3.51%) Retail
5 32 (3.03%) Publishing
6 27 (2.56%) Games
7 25 (2.37%) Investment Banking
8 17 (1.61%) Telecoms
9 16 (1.52%) Manufacturing
10 15 (1.42%) Marketing
11 12 (1.14%) Automotive
12 10 (0.95%) Retail Banking
13 9 (0.85%) Legal
14 6 (0.57%) Advertising
14 6 (0.57%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.47%) Aerospace
15 5 (0.47%) International Banking
16 4 (0.38%) Back Office
16 4 (0.38%) Electronics
17 2 (0.19%) Dutch Language
Job Titles
1 748 (70.90%) Developer
2 505 (47.87%) Java Developer
3 116 (11.00%) Senior Developer
4 78 (7.39%) Scala Developer
5 67 (6.35%) Senior Java Developer
6 52 (4.93%) Software Engineer
7 42 (3.98%) Java Engineer
7 42 (3.98%) Test Engineer
8 41 (3.89%) Agile Developer
9 38 (3.60%) Agile Java Developer
9 38 (3.60%) Android Developer
9 38 (3.60%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 36 (3.41%) Tester
11 35 (3.32%) Automation Tester
12 34 (3.22%) Java Scala Developer
12 34 (3.22%) QA Engineer
13 33 (3.13%) DevOps Engineer
14 31 (2.94%) Software Developer
15 30 (2.84%) Architect
15 30 (2.84%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 575 (54.50%) Spring
2 332 (31.47%) REST
3 326 (30.90%) HTML
4 297 (28.15%) JSON
5 260 (24.64%) Hibernate
6 258 (24.45%) XML
7 254 (24.08%) Web Services
8 253 (23.98%) CSS
9 236 (22.37%) RESTful
10 197 (18.67%) SOAP
11 178 (16.87%) J2EE
12 167 (15.83%) HTML5
13 130 (12.32%) Spring MVC
14 122 (11.56%) AngularJS
15 112 (10.62%) Ajax
16 111 (10.52%) CSS3
17 108 (10.24%) JMS
18 106 (10.05%) Play Framework
19 102 (9.67%) jQuery
20 96 (9.10%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 68 (6.45%) Analytical Skills
2 67 (6.35%) Mobile App
3 52 (4.93%) Enterprise Software
4 43 (4.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 42 (3.98%) User Experience
6 36 (3.41%) Fixed Income
7 33 (3.13%) Greenfield Project
8 32 (3.03%) Computer Science
9 28 (2.65%) Animation
10 23 (2.18%) Linux Command Line
11 18 (1.71%) Data Structures
11 18 (1.71%) iPad
12 17 (1.61%) Social Media
13 15 (1.42%) Smartphone
14 12 (1.14%) Derivative
14 12 (1.14%) Equities
15 11 (1.04%) Equity Derivative
15 11 (1.04%) iPhone
16 8 (0.76%) RIA
16 8 (0.76%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 296 (28.06%) Linux
2 183 (17.35%) Unix
3 48 (4.55%) Android
4 32 (3.03%) Apple iOS
5 31 (2.94%) Windows
6 21 (1.99%) Mac OS X
7 17 (1.61%) CentOS
7 17 (1.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (1.14%) Solaris
9 6 (0.57%) AIX
9 6 (0.57%) HPUX
9 6 (0.57%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.28%) RancherOS
10 3 (0.28%) VyOS
11 2 (0.19%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.095%) Embedded Linux
12 1 (0.095%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 746 (70.71%) Agile Software Development
2 531 (50.33%) TDD
3 399 (37.82%) Continuous Integration
4 363 (34.41%) Scrum
5 251 (23.79%) BDD
6 194 (18.39%) MVC
7 187 (17.73%) Open Source
8 182 (17.25%) Unit Testing
9 179 (16.97%) Automated Testing
9 179 (16.97%) DevOps
10 170 (16.11%) Microservices
11 132 (12.51%) OO
12 118 (11.18%) Software Engineering
13 106 (10.05%) Web Development
14 102 (9.67%) Pair Programming
15 101 (9.57%) Test Automation
16 100 (9.48%) Configuration Management
17 93 (8.82%) Kanban
18 86 (8.15%) Mentoring
19 82 (7.77%) Automation Testing
Programming Languages
1 904 (85.69%) Java
2 364 (34.50%) SQL
3 303 (28.72%) JavaScript
4 187 (17.73%) Scala
5 161 (15.26%) Python
6 139 (13.18%) C#
7 138 (13.08%) Ruby
8 83 (7.87%) Shell Script
9 58 (5.50%) PL/SQL
10 44 (4.17%) Groovy
11 36 (3.41%) Perl
12 34 (3.22%) Bash Shell
13 21 (1.99%) Korn
13 21 (1.99%) Objective-C
14 20 (1.90%) Apple Swift
14 20 (1.90%) XPath
15 19 (1.80%) PHP
16 16 (1.52%) C
17 15 (1.42%) C++
18 12 (1.14%) Go
Qualifications
1 64 (6.07%) Security Cleared
2 43 (4.08%) Degree
3 42 (3.98%) SC Cleared
4 19 (1.80%) DV Cleared
5 9 (0.85%) Sun Certification
6 5 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.38%) ISEB
7 4 (0.38%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
8 3 (0.28%) OCPJP
9 2 (0.19%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.19%) Oracle Certification
10 1 (0.095%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.095%) BC Cleared
10 1 (0.095%) Brainbench
10 1 (0.095%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.095%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.095%) JNCIA
10 1 (0.095%) OCMJD
10 1 (0.095%) OCPJWCD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 108 (10.24%) QA
2 23 (2.18%) MiFID
3 22 (2.09%) WCAG
4 16 (1.52%) Dodd-Frank
4 16 (1.52%) EMIR
5 15 (1.42%) SDET
6 9 (0.85%) FATCA
7 5 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.19%) GxP
8 2 (0.19%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.095%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.095%) SAS 70
System Software
1 153 (14.50%) Docker
2 14 (1.33%) Virtual Machines
3 12 (1.14%) Postfix
3 12 (1.14%) Squid
3 12 (1.14%) vCloud
4 6 (0.57%) HDFS
4 6 (0.57%) Varnish
5 5 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.28%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.28%) vSphere
7 2 (0.19%) Active Directory
8 1 (0.095%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 73 (6.92%) Ansible
2 71 (6.73%) Puppet
3 35 (3.32%) Opscode Chef
4 34 (3.22%) Kibana
5 33 (3.13%) Kubernetes
6 25 (2.37%) Grafana
6 25 (2.37%) logstash
7 20 (1.90%) Terraform
8 14 (1.33%) ZABBIX
9 12 (1.14%) Docker Swarm
9 12 (1.14%) Rancher
10 11 (1.04%) rkt
11 9 (0.85%) Consul
11 9 (0.85%) Oozie
11 9 (0.85%) Prometheus
12 8 (0.76%) Rsyslog
12 8 (0.76%) Sysdig
13 6 (0.57%) HP Quality Center
14 4 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
15 3 (0.28%) StatsD
Vendors
1 211 (20.00%) Oracle
2 92 (8.72%) Google
3 46 (4.36%) TIBCO
4 36 (3.41%) ION Trading
5 34 (3.22%) IBM
6 32 (3.03%) ATG
7 31 (2.94%) Atlassian
8 30 (2.84%) Perforce
8 30 (2.84%) Red Hat
9 28 (2.65%) Sybase
10 26 (2.46%) Splunk
11 23 (2.18%) webMethods
12 21 (1.99%) Solace
13 20 (1.90%) AppDynamics
14 17 (1.61%) Reuters
14 17 (1.61%) VMware
15 16 (1.52%) Microsoft
15 16 (1.52%) MuleSoft
16 15 (1.42%) Syncfusion
17 14 (1.33%) DevExpress
Exeter, Devon
Reed Technology
Rate: £375 - £450 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Opus Resourcing Ltd
Rate: £400 - £430 per day + 6 Months
Posted: 27 minutes ago
London
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City of London
Pearson Frank
Rate: £550 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Oxfordshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £620 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Pearson Frank
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Worthing, West Sussex
Global Technology Solutions Ltd
Rate: £465 - £511.50 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Jersey, Channel Isles
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: negotiable
Posted: Yesterday
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Square One Resources
Posted: 2 days ago
Worthing, West Sussex
Experis Ltd
Rate: £500.00 - £540.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Premier IT
Rate: £350 - £450 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
JM
Rate: £400 - £600 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: market rates, 6 months rolling contracts
Posted: 3 days ago
Glasgow
Pearson Frank
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Glasgow
Pearson Frank
Rate: £250 - £350 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £400 to £460 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £400 per day + Not Negotiable
Posted: Yesterday
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: excellent rates or salaries, 6 months contracts
Posted: 2 days ago
Coventry
Pearson Frank
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
South East London
I4 Recruitment
Rate: £400 - 450 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Adlam Consulting Ltd
Rate: From £550 to £750 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Norwich, Norfolk
Deerfoot IT Resources Ltd
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Deerfoot IT Resources Ltd
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Computer Futures
Rate: £200 - £350 per day + competitive
Posted: 6 days ago
City of London
Progressive Recruitment
Rate: £400 - £425 per day + competitive
Posted: 7 days ago
Croydon, Surrey
LA International
Rate: please quote
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: UKP 65000 per year
Posted: 6 days ago