Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 218 210 202
Rank change year-on-year -8 -8 +116
Contract jobs citing JUnit 1,320 1,264 1,385
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.28% 1.27% 1.30%
As % of the Development Applications category 6.12% 6.93% 7.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 892 828 940
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £600 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 28 7
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £62.50 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.00% +73.61% -8.28%
10th Percentile £31.07 £37.85 £26.50
90th Percentile £46.59 £63.75 £44.85
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £62.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year -32.00% +73.61% -8.28%

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 21,570 18,245 17,367
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.92% 18.35% 16.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,766 12,620 11,763
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £623 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £403 £400
% change year-on-year +5.59% +0.63% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 223 293 253
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +5.13%
10th Percentile £26.30 £30.35 £24.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £61.55 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +4.46%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 1,148 £500 +5.26% 244
UK excluding London -7 682 £425 - 180
London +2 614 £538 +5.65% 84
South East -37 174 £425 -15.00% 52
North of England -51 127 £425 - 40
Midlands +18 122 £425 +4.62% 29
Scotland +27 107 £400 -11.11% 15
North West -20 76 £415 -2.35% 19
South West +23 67 £500 +19.40% 25
West Midlands -14 60 £450 +9.09% 12
East Midlands +37 58 £402 -4.29% 17
East of England -42 42 £450 +12.50% 14
Yorkshire -55 29 £431 +0.29% 11
North East 0 23 £444 +26.79% 10
Wales -2 23 £456 +1.27% 2
Northern Ireland +35 19 £412 -0.72% 3
Channel Islands -8 1 - -

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 1,197 (90.68%) Java
2 896 (67.88%) Agile Software Development
3 765 (57.95%) Spring
4 650 (49.24%) Git (software)
5 644 (48.79%) Jenkins
6 580 (43.94%) Maven
7 549 (41.59%) TDD
8 531 (40.23%) Test Automation
9 467 (35.38%) Scrum
10 450 (34.09%) Continuous Integration
11 435 (32.95%) REST
12 392 (29.70%) BDD
13 387 (29.32%) Mockito
14 383 (29.02%) RESTful
15 374 (28.33%) JavaScript
16 371 (28.11%) Hibernate
17 368 (27.88%) SQL
18 363 (27.50%) Web Services
19 359 (27.20%) JIRA
20 335 (25.38%) Microservices
21 323 (24.47%) Java 8
22 313 (23.71%) Selenium
23 309 (23.41%) Cucumber
24 287 (21.74%) Docker
25 278 (21.06%) DevOps
26 277 (20.98%) Linux
27 246 (18.64%) HTML
28 244 (18.48%) Spring Boot
29 243 (18.41%) CSS
30 237 (17.95%) J2EE

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 222 (16.82%) Confluence
2 127 (9.62%) JBoss
3 118 (8.94%) Apache
4 116 (8.79%) Tomcat
5 66 (5.00%) WebSphere
6 64 (4.85%) WildFly
7 60 (4.55%) WebLogic
8 53 (4.02%) Elasticsearch
9 30 (2.27%) nginx
10 23 (1.74%) Apache Spark
11 19 (1.44%) Cloud Foundry
12 18 (1.36%) WebSphere Application Server
13 16 (1.21%) SharePoint
14 14 (1.06%) Apache Solr
15 13 (0.98%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 13 (0.98%) Mule
16 11 (0.83%) CMS
16 11 (0.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 8 (0.61%) Alfresco
18 7 (0.53%) GlassFish
Applications
1 5 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 5 (0.38%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.076%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.076%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 11 (0.83%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.23%) SAP ERP
4 2 (0.15%) Global One
4 2 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 2 (0.15%) ION MarketView
5 1 (0.076%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.076%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 224 (16.97%) Amazon AWS
2 73 (5.53%) Amazon EC2
3 61 (4.62%) GitHub
4 57 (4.32%) Microsoft Azure
5 39 (2.95%) npm
6 21 (1.59%) Google Analytics
7 20 (1.52%) PaaS
8 18 (1.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 17 (1.29%) Amazon S3
9 17 (1.29%) AWS Lambda
10 15 (1.14%) Serverless
11 14 (1.06%) Yarn
12 13 (0.98%) BrowserStack
12 13 (0.98%) Google Cloud Platform
12 13 (0.98%) Slack
13 12 (0.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 10 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
14 10 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
15 9 (0.68%) IaaS
16 8 (0.61%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 155 (11.74%) HTTP
2 65 (4.92%) TCP/IP
3 33 (2.50%) SSL
4 13 (0.98%) OpenVPN
5 11 (0.83%) AMQP
6 10 (0.76%) DNS
7 9 (0.68%) Internet
7 9 (0.68%) OpenLDAP
7 9 (0.68%) SSH
8 8 (0.61%) FTP
9 7 (0.53%) DSL
10 6 (0.45%) Firewall
11 4 (0.30%) DOCSIS
11 4 (0.30%) DVB
11 4 (0.30%) SMTP
11 4 (0.30%) SNMP
12 3 (0.23%) HTTPS
12 3 (0.23%) SMS
12 3 (0.23%) UPnP
12 3 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 196 (14.85%) Relational Database
2 162 (12.27%) NoSQL
3 148 (11.21%) MongoDB
4 142 (10.76%) PostgreSQL
5 117 (8.86%) MySQL
6 102 (7.73%) SQL Server
7 93 (7.05%) RDBMS
8 62 (4.70%) Apache Cassandra
9 35 (2.65%) Oracle Database
10 32 (2.42%) DB2
11 31 (2.35%) Redis
12 30 (2.27%) Big Data
13 24 (1.82%) Hadoop
14 20 (1.52%) Apache Hive
14 20 (1.52%) Oracle Database 11g
15 19 (1.44%) HBase
16 16 (1.21%) Amazon RDS
17 14 (1.06%) Couchbase
18 13 (0.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 13 (0.98%) DB2 UDB
Development Applications
1 650 (49.24%) Git (software)
2 644 (48.79%) Jenkins
3 580 (43.94%) Maven
4 387 (29.32%) Mockito
5 359 (27.20%) JIRA
6 313 (23.71%) Selenium
7 309 (23.41%) Cucumber
8 200 (15.15%) Gradle
9 185 (14.02%) SonarQube
10 182 (13.79%) Subversion
11 144 (10.91%) Eclipse
12 109 (8.26%) jMock
13 104 (7.88%) JMeter
14 95 (7.20%) DbUnit
15 91 (6.89%) IntelliJ
16 90 (6.82%) Ant
17 82 (6.21%) TeamCity
18 78 (5.91%) Gatling
18 78 (5.91%) SoapUI
19 76 (5.76%) Bitbucket
General
1 195 (14.77%) Finance
2 170 (12.88%) Banking
3 49 (3.71%) Front Office
3 49 (3.71%) Investment Banking
3 49 (3.71%) Retail
4 19 (1.44%) Telecoms
5 14 (1.06%) Marketing
6 11 (0.83%) Games
7 10 (0.76%) Advertising
8 9 (0.68%) Back Office
9 6 (0.45%) Financial Institution
9 6 (0.45%) Legal
9 6 (0.45%) Publishing
10 5 (0.38%) Electronics
10 5 (0.38%) Manufacturing
10 5 (0.38%) Wholesale Banking
11 4 (0.30%) Aerospace
11 4 (0.30%) Automotive
12 3 (0.23%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.076%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 993 (75.23%) Developer
2 791 (59.92%) Java Developer
3 97 (7.35%) Senior Developer
4 77 (5.83%) Agile Developer
5 74 (5.61%) Senior Java Developer
6 70 (5.30%) Full Stack Developer
7 67 (5.08%) Tester
8 61 (4.62%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 60 (4.55%) Scala Developer
10 51 (3.86%) Automation Tester
11 45 (3.41%) Software Engineer
12 43 (3.26%) DevOps Engineer
12 43 (3.26%) Java Engineer
13 41 (3.11%) Test Engineer
14 33 (2.50%) Android Developer
14 33 (2.50%) Lead Developer
15 32 (2.42%) Lead Java Developer
16 30 (2.27%) Agile Java Developer
16 30 (2.27%) Analyst
17 29 (2.20%) J2EE Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 765 (57.95%) Spring
2 435 (32.95%) REST
3 383 (29.02%) RESTful
4 371 (28.11%) Hibernate
5 363 (27.50%) Web Services
6 246 (18.64%) HTML
7 244 (18.48%) Spring Boot
8 243 (18.41%) CSS
9 237 (17.95%) J2EE
10 233 (17.65%) SOAP
11 225 (17.05%) XML
12 216 (16.36%) AngularJS
13 205 (15.53%) JSON
14 163 (12.35%) JMS
15 146 (11.06%) Node.js
16 138 (10.45%) Java EE
17 133 (10.08%) HTML5
18 119 (9.02%) Gherkin
19 105 (7.95%) Spring MVC
20 104 (7.88%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 78 (5.91%) Linux Command Line
2 58 (4.39%) Analytical Skills
3 51 (3.86%) Fixed Income
4 50 (3.79%) Computer Science
5 48 (3.64%) Greenfield Project
6 46 (3.48%) Fintech
7 45 (3.41%) User Experience
8 38 (2.88%) Mobile App
9 29 (2.20%) Data Structures
10 22 (1.67%) Equities
11 19 (1.44%) Virtual Team
12 18 (1.36%) Algorithms
12 18 (1.36%) NHS
13 17 (1.29%) Self-Motivation
14 14 (1.06%) Enterprise Software
14 14 (1.06%) N-Tier
15 12 (0.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 10 (0.76%) iPad
17 7 (0.53%) Mobile Payment
18 6 (0.45%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 277 (20.98%) Linux
2 237 (17.95%) Unix
3 64 (4.85%) VMS
4 53 (4.02%) Windows
5 44 (3.33%) Android
6 35 (2.65%) Ubuntu
7 21 (1.59%) CentOS
8 16 (1.21%) Apple iOS
9 14 (1.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 10 (0.76%) Solaris
11 3 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
12 2 (0.15%) Windows Server
13 1 (0.076%) DC/OS
13 1 (0.076%) RancherOS
13 1 (0.076%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 896 (67.88%) Agile Software Development
2 549 (41.59%) TDD
3 531 (40.23%) Test Automation
4 467 (35.38%) Scrum
5 450 (34.09%) Continuous Integration
6 392 (29.70%) BDD
7 335 (25.38%) Microservices
8 278 (21.06%) DevOps
9 220 (16.67%) OO
10 213 (16.14%) Kanban
11 208 (15.76%) Open Source
12 203 (15.38%) Unit Testing
13 181 (13.71%) MVC
14 133 (10.08%) Software Engineering
15 125 (9.47%) Problem-Solving
16 116 (8.79%) Pair Programming
17 109 (8.26%) SDLC
18 108 (8.18%) Configuration Management
19 107 (8.11%) E-Commerce
20 100 (7.58%) Dependency Injection
Programming Languages
1 1,197 (90.68%) Java
2 374 (28.33%) JavaScript
3 368 (27.88%) SQL
4 323 (24.47%) Java 8
5 133 (10.08%) Python
6 122 (9.24%) Scala
7 106 (8.03%) Groovy
8 101 (7.65%) C#
9 92 (6.97%) Ruby
10 61 (4.62%) JPQL
11 48 (3.64%) Shell Script
12 34 (2.58%) C
12 34 (2.58%) Perl
13 31 (2.35%) Bash Shell
14 30 (2.27%) PL/SQL
15 28 (2.12%) Kotlin
16 25 (1.89%) C++
16 25 (1.89%) Haskell
17 24 (1.82%) TypeScript
18 19 (1.44%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 187 (14.17%) Security Cleared
2 150 (11.36%) SC Cleared
3 91 (6.89%) Degree
4 61 (4.62%) BPSS Clearance
5 32 (2.42%) Computer Science Degree
6 22 (1.67%) DV Cleared
7 12 (0.91%) ISTQB
8 8 (0.61%) ISEB
8 8 (0.61%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 6 (0.45%) OCPJP
9 6 (0.45%) Sun Certification
10 5 (0.38%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.38%) HND
10 5 (0.38%) ISEB Practitioner
11 4 (0.30%) DBS Check
12 3 (0.23%) CTC Cleared
13 2 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 1 (0.076%) BC Cleared
14 1 (0.076%) PMI Certification
14 1 (0.076%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (7.35%) QA
2 15 (1.14%) PMO
3 8 (0.61%) Disclosure Scotland
4 5 (0.38%) WCAG
5 3 (0.23%) GDPR
5 3 (0.23%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.15%) HL7
7 1 (0.076%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.076%) ECSS
7 1 (0.076%) EMIR
7 1 (0.076%) MiFID
7 1 (0.076%) MIL-STD-1553
System Software
1 287 (21.74%) Docker
2 51 (3.86%) vSphere
3 50 (3.79%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (1.29%) HDFS
5 14 (1.06%) vCloud
5 14 (1.06%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (0.68%) Postfix
6 9 (0.68%) Squid
7 8 (0.61%) Active Directory
7 8 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.076%) ACF2
8 1 (0.076%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.076%) IAG
8 1 (0.076%) RACF
8 1 (0.076%) Xen
Systems Management
1 111 (8.41%) Kubernetes
2 98 (7.42%) Puppet
3 97 (7.35%) Ansible
4 73 (5.53%) Opscode Chef
5 50 (3.79%) Kibana
6 48 (3.64%) Grafana
6 48 (3.64%) Terraform
7 23 (1.74%) logstash
7 23 (1.74%) Prometheus
8 14 (1.06%) Rancher
9 9 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
9 9 (0.68%) ZABBIX
10 8 (0.61%) Rsyslog
10 8 (0.61%) Sysdig
11 7 (0.53%) HP Quality Center
11 7 (0.53%) Mesos
11 7 (0.53%) Oozie
11 7 (0.53%) Packer
12 5 (0.38%) Control-M
13 4 (0.30%) Matomo
Vendors
1 164 (12.42%) Oracle
2 102 (7.73%) Google
3 70 (5.30%) VMware
4 39 (2.95%) Microsoft
5 36 (2.73%) Adobe
5 36 (2.73%) Atlassian
6 30 (2.27%) Splunk
7 27 (2.05%) webMethods
8 26 (1.97%) Sybase
9 23 (1.74%) IBM
10 19 (1.44%) Red Hat
11 15 (1.14%) HP
12 14 (1.06%) MuleSoft
13 12 (0.91%) Murex
14 11 (0.83%) AppDynamics
14 11 (0.83%) Apple
14 11 (0.83%) CA Agile Central
14 11 (0.83%) Perforce
14 11 (0.83%) SAP
15 9 (0.68%) Sonatype