Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for JUnit skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JUnit over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

JUnit
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 299 245 290
Rank change year-on-year -54 +45 -51
Contract jobs citing JUnit 677 325 798
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.85% 1.09% 0.90%
As % of the Development Applications category 4.64% 6.14% 4.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 476 223 488
10th Percentile £394 £351 £363
25th Percentile £450 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £488
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% -2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £623 £550 £550
90th Percentile £700 £633 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £463
% change year-on-year +5.56% -2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 0 2
10th Percentile £40.00 " £47.10
25th Percentile £52.15 " £47.75
Median hourly rate £65.50 - £49.34
75th Percentile £68.56 " £51.42
90th Percentile £73.02 " £52.37
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 - £49.34

JUnit is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 14,580 5,289 16,041
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.24% 17.79% 18.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,004 3,703 10,604
10th Percentile £363 £325 £325
25th Percentile £425 £409 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £510 £495 £475
Median % change year-on-year +3.03% +4.21% -
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £698 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +2.78% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 216 73 223
10th Percentile £25.38 £22.20 £24.00
25th Percentile £41.25 £40.00 £38.25
Median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £62.18 £52.00 £51.00
90th Percentile £70.18 £57.20 £57.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

JUnit
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing JUnit as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Daily rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JUnit.

Hourly rate trend for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing JUnit over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for JUnit in the UK

JUnit
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JUnit within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -89 516 £516 +8.53% 121
London -70 321 £575 +11.11% 62
UK excluding London -87 220 £475 +5.56% 70
Work from Home -100 202 £495 +4.21% 25
South East -38 54 £493 +10.92% 18
North of England -101 54 £500 +11.11% 16
South West -16 39 £438 -12.50% 15
Scotland -43 37 £450 +24.14% 8
North West -63 26 £465 +3.33% 13
North East +5 24 £575 +35.93% 2
Midlands -73 16 £415 +31.75% 5
Northern Ireland +5 14 £475 +10.47% 1
West Midlands -56 13 £450 -2.70% 5
East of England -54 6 £495 +20.00% 5
Yorkshire -85 4 £525 +10.53% 1
East Midlands -39 3 £405 +28.57%

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing JUnit also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for JUnit.

1 578 (85.38%) Java
2 423 (62.48%) Agile Software Development
3 364 (53.77%) Spring
4 297 (43.87%) Git (software)
5 287 (42.39%) Jenkins
6 280 (41.36%) Microservices
6 280 (41.36%) TDD
7 230 (33.97%) Docker
8 220 (32.50%) Mockito
9 215 (31.76%) Maven
10 213 (31.46%) REST
11 209 (30.87%) Spring Boot
12 192 (28.36%) Cucumber
13 190 (28.06%) JavaScript
14 188 (27.77%) Test Automation
15 185 (27.33%) AWS
16 181 (26.74%) Scrum
17 170 (25.11%) DevOps
18 166 (24.52%) Java 8
19 154 (22.75%) SQL
20 151 (22.30%) Unit Testing
21 145 (21.42%) BDD
22 142 (20.97%) Selenium
23 139 (20.53%) RESTful
23 139 (20.53%) Web Services
24 132 (19.50%) XML
25 126 (18.61%) Software Engineering
26 125 (18.46%) JIRA
27 123 (18.17%) Linux
28 121 (17.87%) React

JUnit
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 72 (10.64%) Confluence
2 63 (9.31%) Tomcat
3 45 (6.65%) JBoss
4 38 (5.61%) Elasticsearch
5 29 (4.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 24 (3.55%) Mule
7 23 (3.40%) WebSphere
8 22 (3.25%) Apache
9 21 (3.10%) Red Hat Fuse
10 20 (2.95%) CMS
11 14 (2.07%) Jetty
11 14 (2.07%) WebLogic
12 13 (1.92%) FileNet
13 11 (1.62%) Apache Spark
14 9 (1.33%) GemFire
15 6 (0.89%) OpenStack
16 5 (0.74%) Anypoint
16 5 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
17 3 (0.44%) Magnolia
17 3 (0.44%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 2 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (0.74%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (0.59%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.30%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
4 1 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 185 (27.33%) AWS
2 118 (17.43%) Azure
3 115 (16.99%) GitHub
4 55 (8.12%) GCP
5 51 (7.53%) Serverless
6 42 (6.20%) SaaS
7 38 (5.61%) AWS Lambda
8 28 (4.14%) Amazon S3
9 25 (3.69%) Amazon EC2
10 23 (3.40%) Amazon SQS
11 21 (3.10%) BrowserStack
12 19 (2.81%) OpenShift
13 18 (2.66%) Amazon ECS
14 16 (2.36%) PaaS
15 15 (2.22%) AWS CloudFormation
16 14 (2.07%) Sauce Labs
17 13 (1.92%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 13 (1.92%) npm
18 12 (1.77%) Datadog
19 11 (1.62%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 34 (5.02%) HTTP
2 15 (2.22%) LAN
3 14 (2.07%) HTTPS
4 10 (1.48%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.89%) 2G
5 6 (0.89%) SSL
6 4 (0.59%) DNS
6 4 (0.59%) FTP
6 4 (0.59%) Wireshark
7 3 (0.44%) Kerberos
8 2 (0.30%) DLNA
8 2 (0.30%) DSL
8 2 (0.30%) SSH
8 2 (0.30%) UPnP
8 2 (0.30%) WebEx
8 2 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
9 1 (0.15%) DMARC
9 1 (0.15%) Internet
9 1 (0.15%) SMS
9 1 (0.15%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (14.77%) Relational Database
2 97 (14.33%) NoSQL
3 82 (12.11%) MongoDB
4 72 (10.64%) PostgreSQL
5 49 (7.24%) SQL Server
6 48 (7.09%) MySQL
7 36 (5.32%) Apache Cassandra
8 34 (5.02%) Redis
9 30 (4.43%) RDBMS
10 24 (3.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 21 (3.10%) DB2
12 18 (2.66%) Oracle Database
13 15 (2.22%) Big Data
14 12 (1.77%) Hadoop
15 9 (1.33%) InterSystems Cache
16 8 (1.18%) DB2 UDB
16 8 (1.18%) Impala
17 7 (1.03%) HBase
18 5 (0.74%) Amazon Aurora
19 4 (0.59%) Cloudant
Development Applications
1 297 (43.87%) Git (software)
2 287 (42.39%) Jenkins
3 220 (32.50%) Mockito
4 215 (31.76%) Maven
5 192 (28.36%) Cucumber
6 142 (20.97%) Selenium
7 125 (18.46%) JIRA
8 68 (10.04%) SonarQube
9 66 (9.75%) Gradle
10 61 (9.01%) GitLab
11 60 (8.86%) Subversion
12 52 (7.68%) TestNG
13 46 (6.79%) Bitbucket
14 42 (6.20%) JMeter
15 40 (5.91%) IntelliJ
15 40 (5.91%) Postman
16 39 (5.76%) Jasmine
17 37 (5.47%) TeamCity
18 36 (5.32%) Eclipse
19 35 (5.17%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 114 (16.84%) Finance
2 107 (15.81%) Social Skills
3 86 (12.70%) Banking
4 44 (6.50%) Public Sector
5 40 (5.91%) Front Office
6 38 (5.61%) Analytical Skills
7 30 (4.43%) Investment Banking
8 24 (3.55%) Documentation Skills
9 22 (3.25%) Presentation Skills
10 19 (2.81%) Retail
11 14 (2.07%) Marketing
12 12 (1.77%) Influencing Skills
13 11 (1.62%) Manufacturing
14 8 (1.18%) Games
15 7 (1.03%) Telecoms
16 4 (0.59%) Avionics
16 4 (0.59%) Back Office
17 3 (0.44%) Legal
18 2 (0.30%) Automotive
18 2 (0.30%) Wearables
Job Titles
1 474 (70.01%) Developer
2 309 (45.64%) Java Developer
3 80 (11.82%) Senior Developer
4 71 (10.49%) Senior Java Developer
5 47 (6.94%) Full Stack Developer
6 43 (6.35%) Android Developer
7 31 (4.58%) Architect
8 30 (4.43%) Software Engineer
9 27 (3.99%) Java Engineer
10 25 (3.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 24 (3.55%) DevOps Engineer
12 23 (3.40%) Software Developer
12 23 (3.40%) Tester
13 22 (3.25%) React Developer
14 19 (2.81%) Java Middleware Developer
14 19 (2.81%) Middleware Developer
15 18 (2.66%) Java Architect
16 17 (2.51%) Integration Developer
16 17 (2.51%) JavaScript Developer
16 17 (2.51%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 364 (53.77%) Spring
2 213 (31.46%) REST
3 209 (30.87%) Spring Boot
4 139 (20.53%) RESTful
4 139 (20.53%) Web Services
5 132 (19.50%) XML
6 121 (17.87%) React
7 119 (17.58%) Hibernate
8 112 (16.54%) JSON
9 98 (14.48%) HTML
10 89 (13.15%) CSS
11 87 (12.85%) Node.js
12 81 (11.96%) AngularJS
13 73 (10.78%) Kafka
14 63 (9.31%) SOAP
15 60 (8.86%) J2EE
15 60 (8.86%) JPA
16 58 (8.57%) Java EE
17 53 (7.83%) Spring MVC
18 50 (7.39%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 39 (5.76%) Algorithms
2 30 (4.43%) Mobile App
3 26 (3.84%) Data Structures
4 21 (3.10%) Greenfield Project
5 19 (2.81%) Fixed Income
6 17 (2.51%) Animation
7 15 (2.22%) Enterprise Software
8 14 (2.07%) Client/Server
8 14 (2.07%) Social Media
9 12 (1.77%) Public Cloud
9 12 (1.77%) Replication
10 11 (1.62%) Legacy Code
10 11 (1.62%) N-Tier
10 11 (1.62%) User Experience
11 10 (1.48%) iPhone
12 9 (1.33%) Data Protection Act
12 9 (1.33%) Linux Command Line
13 8 (1.18%) Derivative
14 7 (1.03%) Mainframe
14 7 (1.03%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 123 (18.17%) Linux
2 57 (8.42%) Unix
3 55 (8.12%) Android
4 39 (5.76%) Windows
5 21 (3.10%) Apple iOS
6 17 (2.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.74%) Debian
7 5 (0.74%) VMS
8 3 (0.44%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.15%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.15%) Solaris
10 1 (0.15%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 423 (62.48%) Agile Software Development
2 280 (41.36%) Microservices
2 280 (41.36%) TDD
3 188 (27.77%) Test Automation
4 181 (26.74%) Scrum
5 170 (25.11%) DevOps
6 151 (22.30%) Unit Testing
7 145 (21.42%) BDD
8 126 (18.61%) Software Engineering
9 101 (14.92%) MVC
10 95 (14.03%) Continuous Integration
11 88 (13.00%) Full Stack Development
12 81 (11.96%) Problem-Solving
13 71 (10.49%) Kanban
14 70 (10.34%) SDLC
15 59 (8.71%) Continuous Delivery
16 58 (8.57%) OO
17 57 (8.42%) Multithreading
17 57 (8.42%) Software Testing
18 56 (8.27%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 578 (85.38%) Java
2 190 (28.06%) JavaScript
3 166 (24.52%) Java 8
4 154 (22.75%) SQL
5 82 (12.11%) Java 11
6 72 (10.64%) Python
7 47 (6.94%) Kotlin
8 40 (5.91%) Scala
8 40 (5.91%) TypeScript
9 34 (5.02%) Shell Script
10 25 (3.69%) C++
11 23 (3.40%) C#
12 21 (3.10%) Bash Shell
13 20 (2.95%) PL/SQL
14 18 (2.66%) ES6
15 16 (2.36%) Ruby
16 14 (2.07%) Java 9
17 10 (1.48%) Apple Swift
17 10 (1.48%) Groovy
17 10 (1.48%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 59 (8.71%) Security Cleared
2 52 (7.68%) SC Cleared
3 24 (3.55%) Degree
4 22 (3.25%) BPSS Clearance
5 13 (1.92%) ISTQB
6 11 (1.62%) Computer Science Degree
7 10 (1.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 5 (0.74%) ISEB
9 1 (0.15%) AWS Certification
9 1 (0.15%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.15%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (7.83%) QA
2 46 (6.79%) Accessibility
3 15 (2.22%) WCAG
4 3 (0.44%) PMO
5 1 (0.15%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.15%) GDPR
5 1 (0.15%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.15%) PSD2
System Software
1 230 (33.97%) Docker
2 9 (1.33%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.59%) HDFS
3 4 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.44%) Varnish
4 3 (0.44%) vSphere
5 2 (0.30%) RACF
5 2 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.15%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.15%) Postfix
6 1 (0.15%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 109 (16.10%) Kubernetes
2 39 (5.76%) Ansible
3 38 (5.61%) Kibana
4 27 (3.99%) Puppet
5 24 (3.55%) Terraform
6 23 (3.40%) Grafana
7 15 (2.22%) Opscode Chef
8 13 (1.92%) Nagios
9 12 (1.77%) Graphite
9 12 (1.77%) logstash
10 7 (1.03%) Graylog
11 6 (0.89%) Mesos
12 5 (0.74%) ZABBIX
13 4 (0.59%) Istio
13 4 (0.59%) Prometheus
14 3 (0.44%) Hadoop YARN
14 3 (0.44%) Marathon
14 3 (0.44%) Oozie
14 3 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
15 2 (0.30%) CloudHub
Vendors
1 100 (14.77%) Oracle
2 39 (5.76%) Adobe
3 33 (4.87%) Google
4 21 (3.10%) IBM
5 20 (2.95%) Sybase
6 18 (2.66%) Microsoft
7 16 (2.36%) Red Hat
8 14 (2.07%) MuleSoft
9 12 (1.77%) Atlassian
9 12 (1.77%) CA Agile Central
9 12 (1.77%) New Relic
10 11 (1.62%) CA
10 11 (1.62%) hybris
11 10 (1.48%) Murex
12 9 (1.33%) SAP
13 8 (1.18%) Dynatrace
13 8 (1.18%) webMethods
14 7 (1.03%) Perfecto Mobile
14 7 (1.03%) SolarWinds
14 7 (1.03%) WSO2