Period
to 28 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 28 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK > England
6 months to
28 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 589 433 510
Rank change year-on-year -156 +77 -139
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 171 90 281
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.24% 0.30% 0.38%
As % of the Development Applications category 1.36% 1.68% 2.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 130 71 221
10th Percentile £350 £304 £325
25th Percentile £400 £350 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £463 £440 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.11% -2.22% -
75th Percentile £538 £531 £530
90th Percentile £591 £675 £575
UK median daily rate £485 £425 £450
% change year-on-year +14.12% -5.56% +1.98%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
Median hourly rate £77.50 - -
UK median hourly rate £77.50 - -

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 12,574 5,371 12,799
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.94% 17.71% 17.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,782 3,725 8,668
10th Percentile £375 £315 £330
25th Percentile £450 £400 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £530 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +11.58% - -
75th Percentile £638 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £650 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +7.69% +2.63% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 202 100 158
10th Percentile £26.98 £31.69 £16.50
25th Percentile £41.25 £40.94 £33.25
Median hourly rate £50.64 £45.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +12.52% - +3.45%
75th Percentile £62.44 £53.75 £52.88
90th Percentile £73.75 £61.03 £69.00
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% - +3.45%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing WebDriver as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Daily rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing WebDriver in England over the 6 months to 28 November 2021.

Daily rate histogram for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Hourly rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the England region over the 6 months to 28 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -139 100 £500 +13.64% 38
North of England -63 32 £423 -15.50% 17
South East -84 19 £438 +16.28% 15
North West -44 17 £485 +5.43% 12
Yorkshire -37 12 £408 +1.88% 5
South West -44 9 £425 +19.72% 4
North East -20 4 £350 -30.00%
Midlands -74 4 £375 +4.17% 7
West Midlands -64 3 £375 +4.17% 6
East of England -50 2 £538 +38.71% 5
East Midlands - 1 - - 1
WebDriver
UK

For the 6 months to 28 November 2021, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 148 (86.55%) Test Automation
2 132 (77.19%) Selenium
3 129 (75.44%) Agile Software Development
4 103 (60.23%) Jenkins
5 92 (53.80%) Cucumber
5 92 (53.80%) Java
6 76 (44.44%) JIRA
7 70 (40.94%) BDD
8 68 (39.77%) DevOps
9 60 (35.09%) Software Testing
10 57 (33.33%) Git (software)
11 55 (32.16%) TDD
12 53 (30.99%) C#
13 51 (29.82%) SpecFlow
14 47 (27.49%) Security Cleared
15 44 (25.73%) Confluence
16 42 (24.56%) JMeter
16 42 (24.56%) SDET
17 41 (23.98%) SC Cleared
18 39 (22.81%) Social Skills
19 37 (21.64%) Azure
20 35 (20.47%) Test Scripting
20 35 (20.47%) Web Services
21 34 (19.88%) Accessibility
22 33 (19.30%) API Testing
22 33 (19.30%) SoapUI
23 32 (18.71%) Scrum
24 29 (16.96%) JavaScript
24 29 (16.96%) .NET
24 29 (16.96%) QA

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (25.73%) Confluence
2 6 (3.51%) OpenStack
3 2 (1.17%) Drupal
3 2 (1.17%) WebSphere
4 1 (0.58%) IBM Domino
4 1 (0.58%) JBoss
4 1 (0.58%) WebLogic
Business Applications
1 1 (0.58%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 37 (21.64%) Azure
2 28 (16.37%) GitHub
3 11 (6.43%) AWS
3 11 (6.43%) BrowserStack
3 11 (6.43%) Dynamics 365
3 11 (6.43%) NuGet
4 9 (5.26%) SaaS
5 7 (4.09%) Serverless
6 6 (3.51%) GCP
6 6 (3.51%) Sauce Labs
7 5 (2.92%) Power Platform
8 3 (1.75%) AWS Lambda
9 2 (1.17%) Amazon ECS
9 2 (1.17%) Amazon EKS
9 2 (1.17%) Amazon Kinesis
9 2 (1.17%) AWS CloudFormation
9 2 (1.17%) BlazeMeter
9 2 (1.17%) npm
9 2 (1.17%) PaaS
9 2 (1.17%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 13 (7.60%) HTTP
2 5 (2.92%) DSL
3 2 (1.17%) DVB
4 1 (0.58%) 2G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (8.77%) SQL Server
2 14 (8.19%) MongoDB
3 6 (3.51%) Hadoop
3 6 (3.51%) Redis
4 5 (2.92%) Data Warehouse
4 5 (2.92%) Power BI
5 4 (2.34%) PostgreSQL
6 3 (1.75%) Adabas
6 3 (1.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 2 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 2 (1.17%) MySQL
7 2 (1.17%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 1 (0.58%) DB2
8 1 (0.58%) DbVisualizer
8 1 (0.58%) Ingres
8 1 (0.58%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 132 (77.19%) Selenium
2 103 (60.23%) Jenkins
3 92 (53.80%) Cucumber
4 76 (44.44%) JIRA
5 57 (33.33%) Git (software)
6 51 (29.82%) SpecFlow
7 42 (24.56%) JMeter
8 33 (19.30%) SoapUI
9 26 (15.20%) Maven
10 24 (14.04%) REST Assured
11 21 (12.28%) Bitbucket
12 19 (11.11%) GitLab
13 17 (9.94%) Travis CI
14 16 (9.36%) JBehave
14 16 (9.36%) Postman
15 15 (8.77%) JUnit
16 12 (7.02%) Serenity BDD
17 11 (6.43%) Appium
17 11 (6.43%) Zephyr
18 9 (5.26%) LoadRunner
General
1 39 (22.81%) Social Skills
2 15 (8.77%) Finance
3 14 (8.19%) Analytical Skills
4 13 (7.60%) Banking
4 13 (7.60%) Public Sector
5 6 (3.51%) Investment Banking
6 3 (1.75%) Games
6 3 (1.75%) Retail
7 2 (1.17%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.58%) Automotive
8 1 (0.58%) Front Office
8 1 (0.58%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 1 (0.58%) Influencing Skills
8 1 (0.58%) Law
8 1 (0.58%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 46 (26.90%) Developer
1 46 (26.90%) Tester
2 38 (22.22%) Automation Tester
3 35 (20.47%) Test Engineer
4 26 (15.20%) Analyst
4 26 (15.20%) Developer in Test
5 25 (14.62%) Test Analyst
6 22 (12.87%) Software Developer
7 21 (12.28%) Test Automation Engineer
8 14 (8.19%) Test Leader
9 12 (7.02%) Java Developer
10 9 (5.26%) Senior Analyst
11 8 (4.68%) Java Engineer
11 8 (4.68%) JavaScript Developer
11 8 (4.68%) QA Analyst
11 8 (4.68%) Senior Test Analyst
12 7 (4.09%) Automation Test Lead
12 7 (4.09%) QA Test Analyst
13 6 (3.51%) QA Tester
13 6 (3.51%) SC Cleared Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (20.47%) Web Services
2 29 (16.96%) .NET
3 28 (16.37%) RESTful
4 27 (15.79%) REST
5 22 (12.87%) Gherkin
6 20 (11.70%) Spring
6 20 (11.70%) WireMock
7 18 (10.53%) Node.js
8 17 (9.94%) SOAP
9 15 (8.77%) .NET Framework
10 12 (7.02%) React
11 10 (5.85%) Hibernate
11 10 (5.85%) JPA
12 9 (5.26%) XML
13 7 (4.09%) JSON
14 6 (3.51%) Akka
14 6 (3.51%) Kafka
14 6 (3.51%) Memcached
14 6 (3.51%) RESTEasy
14 6 (3.51%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 7 (4.09%) Legacy Systems
2 4 (2.34%) Legacy Applications
2 4 (2.34%) User Experience
3 3 (1.75%) Legacy Code
3 3 (1.75%) Private Cloud
3 3 (1.75%) Public Cloud
3 3 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
4 2 (1.17%) Management Information System
5 1 (0.58%) Data Protection Act
5 1 (0.58%) Data Structures
5 1 (0.58%) Derivative
5 1 (0.58%) Enterprise Software
5 1 (0.58%) Linux Command Line
5 1 (0.58%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 11 (6.43%) Linux
2 8 (4.68%) Unix
3 5 (2.92%) Mac OS X
3 5 (2.92%) Windows
4 3 (1.75%) Android
4 3 (1.75%) Debian
4 3 (1.75%) VMS
5 2 (1.17%) Windows Server 2008
5 2 (1.17%) Windows Server 2012
6 1 (0.58%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 148 (86.55%) Test Automation
2 129 (75.44%) Agile Software Development
3 70 (40.94%) BDD
4 68 (39.77%) DevOps
5 60 (35.09%) Software Testing
6 55 (32.16%) TDD
7 42 (24.56%) SDET
8 35 (20.47%) Test Scripting
9 33 (19.30%) API Testing
10 32 (18.71%) Scrum
11 28 (16.37%) Microservices
12 27 (15.79%) Performance Testing
13 25 (14.62%) Scenario Testing
14 20 (11.70%) Exploratory Testing
15 19 (11.11%) Continuous Integration
15 19 (11.11%) Security Testing
15 19 (11.11%) Test Planning
16 18 (10.53%) Continuous Delivery
16 18 (10.53%) Manual Testing
17 16 (9.36%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 92 (53.80%) Java
2 53 (30.99%) C#
3 29 (16.96%) JavaScript
4 25 (14.62%) SQL
5 22 (12.87%) Scala
6 21 (12.28%) Python
7 13 (7.60%) Groovy
8 12 (7.02%) TypeScript
9 6 (3.51%) Java 11
9 6 (3.51%) PowerShell
10 5 (2.92%) Bash Shell
10 5 (2.92%) Shell Script
11 4 (2.34%) Kotlin
11 4 (2.34%) Ruby
12 3 (1.75%) VBScript
13 2 (1.17%) C++
13 2 (1.17%) ES6
13 2 (1.17%) Java 8
14 1 (0.58%) Go
14 1 (0.58%) PHP
Qualifications
1 47 (27.49%) Security Cleared
2 41 (23.98%) SC Cleared
3 18 (10.53%) ISTQB
4 17 (9.94%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 10 (5.85%) Degree
6 6 (3.51%) Computer Science Degree
7 4 (2.34%) DV Cleared
7 4 (2.34%) Numerate Degree
8 2 (1.17%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (1.17%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 1 (0.58%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (19.88%) Accessibility
2 29 (16.96%) QA
System Software
1 19 (11.11%) Docker
2 2 (1.17%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 10 (5.85%) Kubernetes
2 6 (3.51%) Grafana
3 3 (1.75%) Ansible
3 3 (1.75%) Terraform
4 2 (1.17%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (1.17%) Puppet
5 1 (0.58%) HP ALM
5 1 (0.58%) Kibana
5 1 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 11 (6.43%) Microsoft
2 6 (3.51%) Google
3 5 (2.92%) HP
3 5 (2.92%) IBM
3 5 (2.92%) Salesforce.com
4 4 (2.34%) Telerik
5 2 (1.17%) Oracle
5 2 (1.17%) Pega
6 1 (0.58%) AppDynamics
6 1 (0.58%) Dynatrace
6 1 (0.58%) hybris
6 1 (0.58%) Red Hat
6 1 (0.58%) SaltStack
6 1 (0.58%) ServiceNow
6 1 (0.58%) Splunk
6 1 (0.58%) Xerox