Period
to 24 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 24 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK > England
6 months to
24 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 409 390 317
Rank change year-on-year -19 -73 +109
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 487 566 654
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.58% 0.61% 0.78%
As % of the Development Applications category 2.82% 3.14% 4.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 361 419 444
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £331 £306 £286
90th Percentile £565 £563 £525
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 6
England median hourly rate - £50.00 £48.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.56% -
UK median hourly rate - £50.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +9.20%

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 17,291 18,049 14,296
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.63% 19.60% 17.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,606 12,504 9,667
England median daily rate £490 £475 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% +10.47% +1.18%
10th Percentile £340 £319 £300
90th Percentile £638 £613 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £425
% change year-on-year - +11.76% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 259 201 290
England median hourly rate £43.50 £42.50 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.35% +0.59% -0.47%
10th Percentile £22.05 £31.00 £24.00
90th Percentile £55.00 £67.25 £54.80
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.18% - +0.12%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver in England over the 6 months to 24 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the England region over the 6 months to 24 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -10 238 £450 - 20
South East +29 91 £453 +13.13% 5
North of England +14 64 £425 +21.43% 6
Midlands -9 44 £438 +12.90% 3
West Midlands -9 41 £449 +12.19%
South West -10 40 £420 +12.00% 2
North West +44 34 £425 +21.43%
Yorkshire -22 18 £340 -5.56% 6
North East +12 12 £450 +38.46%
East of England -5 10 £420 +5.00% 2
East Midlands +4 3 £298 -8.46% 3
WebDriver
UK

For the 6 months to 24 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 429 (88.09%) Selenium
2 426 (87.47%) Test Automation
3 323 (66.32%) Agile Software Development
4 256 (52.57%) Java
5 244 (50.10%) Cucumber
6 226 (46.41%) BDD
7 162 (33.26%) Jenkins
8 160 (32.85%) QA
9 156 (32.03%) JavaScript
10 155 (31.83%) C#
11 137 (28.13%) Scrum
12 127 (26.08%) TDD
13 120 (24.64%) Continuous Integration
14 111 (22.79%) SpecFlow
15 107 (21.97%) SDET
16 103 (21.15%) JIRA
17 96 (19.71%) Manual Testing
18 93 (19.10%) Test Strategy
19 92 (18.89%) Git (software)
20 87 (17.86%) DevOps
21 84 (17.25%) JMeter
22 83 (17.04%) SQL
23 78 (16.02%) .NET
24 76 (15.61%) REST
25 75 (15.40%) Gherkin
26 71 (14.58%) Visual Studio
26 71 (14.58%) Web Services
27 68 (13.96%) Performance Testing
28 66 (13.55%) API Testing
29 62 (12.73%) Finance

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (12.11%) Confluence
2 10 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
3 9 (1.85%) SharePoint
4 7 (1.44%) Documentum
5 5 (1.03%) CMS
5 5 (1.03%) WebSphere
6 2 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
7 1 (0.21%) Apache
7 1 (0.21%) Apache Spark
7 1 (0.21%) Drupal
7 1 (0.21%) IIS
7 1 (0.21%) Jetty
7 1 (0.21%) nginx
7 1 (0.21%) Tomcat
Applications
1 4 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 10 (2.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.82%) Magento
3 2 (0.41%) Orchard Housing
4 1 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 58 (11.91%) Microsoft Azure
2 25 (5.13%) BrowserStack
3 24 (4.93%) Sauce Labs
4 21 (4.31%) Amazon AWS
5 19 (3.90%) GitHub
6 9 (1.85%) Google Cloud Platform
7 8 (1.64%) Dynamics 365
8 6 (1.23%) PaaS
9 5 (1.03%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 5 (1.03%) Azure Functions
9 5 (1.03%) IaaS
9 5 (1.03%) Serverless
10 4 (0.82%) BlazeMeter
11 3 (0.62%) Datadog
11 3 (0.62%) Google Analytics
11 3 (0.62%) Office 365
11 3 (0.62%) Slack
12 2 (0.41%) Amazon EC2
12 2 (0.41%) Amazon S3
12 2 (0.41%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 20 (4.11%) HTTP
2 8 (1.64%) Internet
3 3 (0.62%) HTTPS
4 2 (0.41%) Intranet
4 2 (0.41%) Skype
5 1 (0.21%) BIG-IP
5 1 (0.21%) DNS
5 1 (0.21%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (4.72%) SQL Server
2 22 (4.52%) MongoDB
3 21 (4.31%) PostgreSQL
4 11 (2.26%) Relational Database
5 9 (1.85%) Redis
6 7 (1.44%) Hadoop
7 6 (1.23%) Data Warehouse
7 6 (1.23%) MySQL
8 5 (1.03%) DB2
8 5 (1.03%) Oracle Database
8 5 (1.03%) RDBMS
9 4 (0.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 4 (0.82%) Blockchain
9 4 (0.82%) DbVisualizer
10 2 (0.41%) Amazon RDS
10 2 (0.41%) BusinessObjects
10 2 (0.41%) NoSQL
10 2 (0.41%) Power BI
11 1 (0.21%) BigQuery
11 1 (0.21%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 429 (88.09%) Selenium
2 244 (50.10%) Cucumber
3 162 (33.26%) Jenkins
4 111 (22.79%) SpecFlow
5 103 (21.15%) JIRA
6 92 (18.89%) Git (software)
7 84 (17.25%) JMeter
8 71 (14.58%) Visual Studio
9 62 (12.73%) SoapUI
10 40 (8.21%) Visual Studio Team System
11 38 (7.80%) Maven
12 35 (7.19%) Appium
13 33 (6.78%) Protractor
14 31 (6.37%) Gatling
15 30 (6.16%) Team Foundation Server
16 27 (5.54%) JUnit
17 26 (5.34%) Mocha
17 26 (5.34%) TeamCity
18 25 (5.13%) Jasmine
19 24 (4.93%) LoadRunner
General
1 62 (12.73%) Finance
2 28 (5.75%) Banking
3 25 (5.13%) Retail
4 12 (2.46%) Games
5 7 (1.44%) Manufacturing
6 6 (1.23%) Back Office
7 5 (1.03%) Advertising
7 5 (1.03%) Marketing
7 5 (1.03%) Telecoms
8 4 (0.82%) Legal
9 3 (0.62%) Electronics
10 2 (0.41%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.41%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.41%) Publishing
10 2 (0.41%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.21%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.21%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 172 (35.32%) Tester
2 143 (29.36%) Automation Tester
3 115 (23.61%) Analyst
4 108 (22.18%) Test Analyst
5 65 (13.35%) Developer
6 64 (13.14%) Automation Test Analyst
7 54 (11.09%) QA Engineer
8 49 (10.06%) Selenium Tester
8 49 (10.06%) Test Engineer
9 48 (9.86%) Selenium Automation Tester
10 43 (8.83%) Java Automation Tester
11 40 (8.21%) Developer in Test
12 33 (6.78%) Test Automation Engineer
13 25 (5.13%) QA Tester
14 23 (4.72%) Automation Engineer
14 23 (4.72%) Test Automation Developer
15 21 (4.31%) QA Automation Engineer
16 20 (4.11%) Java Developer
17 18 (3.70%) Test Leader
18 17 (3.49%) Senior Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 78 (16.02%) .NET
2 76 (15.61%) REST
3 75 (15.40%) Gherkin
4 71 (14.58%) Web Services
5 53 (10.88%) CSS
6 45 (9.24%) RESTful
7 38 (7.80%) AngularJS
7 38 (7.80%) WebdriverIO
8 36 (7.39%) HTML
9 35 (7.19%) Node.js
10 32 (6.57%) SOAP
11 26 (5.34%) React
12 22 (4.52%) JSON
13 19 (3.90%) Spring
14 16 (3.29%) Chai
14 16 (3.29%) Sass
15 15 (3.08%) XML
16 14 (2.87%) Nightwatchjs
17 11 (2.26%) Ajax
18 10 (2.05%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 42 (8.62%) Analytical Skills
2 33 (6.78%) Mobile App
3 22 (4.52%) Greenfield Project
4 15 (3.08%) Virtual Team
5 14 (2.87%) Fintech
5 14 (2.87%) Self-Motivation
6 11 (2.26%) User Experience
7 9 (1.85%) Algorithms
7 9 (1.85%) NHS
8 5 (1.03%) Data Structures
9 4 (0.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 3 (0.62%) Life Science
11 2 (0.41%) BBC
11 2 (0.41%) Hedge funds
11 2 (0.41%) IVR
11 2 (0.41%) Linux Command Line
11 2 (0.41%) New Media
12 1 (0.21%) Cloud Native
12 1 (0.21%) FMCG
12 1 (0.21%) Industrial Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 27 (5.54%) Android
1 27 (5.54%) Apple iOS
2 21 (4.31%) Unix
3 12 (2.46%) Windows
4 10 (2.05%) Mac OS X
5 6 (1.23%) Linux
6 2 (0.41%) Mac OS
6 2 (0.41%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.21%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.21%) VMS
7 1 (0.21%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 426 (87.47%) Test Automation
2 323 (66.32%) Agile Software Development
3 226 (46.41%) BDD
4 137 (28.13%) Scrum
5 127 (26.08%) TDD
6 120 (24.64%) Continuous Integration
7 107 (21.97%) SDET
8 96 (19.71%) Manual Testing
9 93 (19.10%) Test Strategy
10 87 (17.86%) DevOps
11 68 (13.96%) Performance Testing
12 66 (13.55%) API Testing
13 56 (11.50%) Test Scripting
14 54 (11.09%) Non-Functional Testing
15 52 (10.68%) E-Commerce
16 50 (10.27%) Regression Testing
17 47 (9.65%) Acceptance Criteria
17 47 (9.65%) Problem-Solving
18 44 (9.03%) Integration Testing
18 44 (9.03%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 256 (52.57%) Java
2 156 (32.03%) JavaScript
3 155 (31.83%) C#
4 83 (17.04%) SQL
5 43 (8.83%) Python
6 23 (4.72%) Java 8
7 20 (4.11%) Scala
8 14 (2.87%) Ruby
9 13 (2.67%) Groovy
10 11 (2.26%) ES6
10 11 (2.26%) PL/SQL
10 11 (2.26%) T-SQL
11 10 (2.05%) Shell Script
12 5 (1.03%) F#
13 4 (0.82%) Bash Shell
13 4 (0.82%) TypeScript
14 3 (0.62%) C++
14 3 (0.62%) Go
15 2 (0.41%) Apple Swift
15 2 (0.41%) PHP
Qualifications
1 30 (6.16%) ISTQB
2 26 (5.34%) Security Cleared
3 21 (4.31%) SC Cleared
4 16 (3.29%) BPSS Clearance
5 13 (2.67%) ISEB
6 12 (2.46%) Degree
7 7 (1.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 5 (1.03%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.41%) Computer Science Degree
9 2 (0.41%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.41%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 1 (0.21%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 160 (32.85%) QA
2 7 (1.44%) WCAG
3 5 (1.03%) HL7
4 2 (0.41%) SLA
5 1 (0.21%) Section 508
System Software
1 34 (6.98%) Docker
2 2 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.21%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.21%) HDFS
3 1 (0.21%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 15 (3.08%) HP Quality Center
2 11 (2.26%) Kubernetes
3 9 (1.85%) Puppet
4 7 (1.44%) Ansible
4 7 (1.44%) Kibana
5 5 (1.03%) Grafana
6 4 (0.82%) HP ALM
6 4 (0.82%) logstash
6 4 (0.82%) WebInspect
7 3 (0.62%) Terraform
8 2 (0.41%) Graphite
8 2 (0.41%) Marathon
8 2 (0.41%) Mesos
8 2 (0.41%) Microsoft Intune
8 2 (0.41%) SCCM
8 2 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.21%) HAProxy
9 1 (0.21%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.21%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 50 (10.27%) Microsoft
2 37 (7.60%) HP
3 22 (4.52%) IBM
4 16 (3.29%) Cypress Semiconductor
5 11 (2.26%) Atlassian
5 11 (2.26%) Pega
6 10 (2.05%) Oracle
7 9 (1.85%) hybris
8 8 (1.64%) Google
8 8 (1.64%) SAP
9 6 (1.23%) Splunk
10 4 (0.82%) New Relic
10 4 (0.82%) Red Hat
11 2 (0.41%) Adobe
11 2 (0.41%) Bloomberg
11 2 (0.41%) BT
11 2 (0.41%) Citrix
11 2 (0.41%) ESRI
11 2 (0.41%) McAfee
11 2 (0.41%) Orchard