Period
to 6 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 6 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK > England
6 months to
6 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 469 379 401
Rank change year-on-year -90 +22 -109
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 199 583 568
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.36% 0.66% 0.61%
As % of the Development Applications category 2.03% 3.12% 3.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 160 415 429
Median daily rate £484 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.50% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £341 £313 £300
90th Percentile £698 £550 £565
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 3
Median hourly rate £35.00 - £50.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - £50.00

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 9,793 18,684 18,157
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.62% 21.08% 19.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,443 12,745 12,703
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £331 £338 £314
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £488 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +1.56% +1.05% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 192 262 206
Median hourly rate £41.75 £43.00 £44.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.91% -3.91% +9.15%
10th Percentile £18.25 £23.25 £29.50
90th Percentile £63.75 £55.00 £67.25
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £44.50
% change year-on-year -1.16% -3.37% +8.54%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing WebDriver as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Daily rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing WebDriver in England over the 6 months to 6 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Hourly rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the England region over the 6 months to 6 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 102 £488 +7.38% 16
South East +22 30 £575 +27.78% 16
North of England +9 26 £450 +16.13% 17
South West +7 22 £500 +15.94% 2
North West +6 12 £406 -4.41% 12
East of England +32 11 £400 +14.29% 1
Midlands +1 9 £450 - 6
Yorkshire +28 8 £450 +32.84% 4
West Midlands -3 8 £450 -2.70% 4
North East +28 7 £475 +5.56% 1
East Midlands +29 1 - - 2
WebDriver
UK

For the 6 months to 6 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 184 (92.46%) Selenium
2 181 (90.95%) Test Automation
3 137 (68.84%) Agile Software Development
4 115 (57.79%) Java
5 96 (48.24%) Cucumber
6 75 (37.69%) BDD
7 73 (36.68%) JIRA
8 72 (36.18%) Jenkins
9 69 (34.67%) C#
10 56 (28.14%) DevOps
11 49 (24.62%) TDD
12 48 (24.12%) JavaScript
12 48 (24.12%) Continuous Integration
13 46 (23.12%) QA
14 43 (21.61%) REST
15 38 (19.10%) SQL
16 37 (18.59%) Scrum
17 35 (17.59%) .NET
17 35 (17.59%) Confluence
18 34 (17.09%) API Testing
19 33 (16.58%) Microsoft
19 33 (16.58%) JMeter
20 32 (16.08%) Azure
20 32 (16.08%) Performance Testing
21 30 (15.08%) Git (software)
21 30 (15.08%) SpecFlow
21 30 (15.08%) Finance
21 30 (15.08%) CSS
22 29 (14.57%) Visual Studio
22 29 (14.57%) HTML

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (17.59%) Confluence
2 15 (7.54%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (4.02%) IIS
4 3 (1.51%) Apache
5 1 (0.50%) Jetty
5 1 (0.50%) Tomcat
5 1 (0.50%) WebSphere
Applications
1 2 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (1.01%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (2.51%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 32 (16.08%) Azure
2 16 (8.04%) GitHub
3 11 (5.53%) AWS
4 10 (5.03%) BrowserStack
5 6 (3.02%) Sauce Labs
6 3 (1.51%) SaaS
7 2 (1.01%) GCP
7 2 (1.01%) Power Platform
7 2 (1.01%) Slack
8 1 (0.50%) Apigee
8 1 (0.50%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.50%) DigitalOcean
8 1 (0.50%) Dynamics 365
8 1 (0.50%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 8 (4.02%) HTTP
2 7 (3.52%) DSL
3 4 (2.01%) Ethernet
3 4 (2.01%) IPv4
3 4 (2.01%) IPv6
3 4 (2.01%) Wi-Fi
4 3 (1.51%) Firewall
4 3 (1.51%) HTTPS
4 3 (1.51%) Reverse Proxy
4 3 (1.51%) SSL
5 2 (1.01%) Network Security
5 2 (1.01%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.50%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (10.05%) SQL Server
2 7 (3.52%) NoSQL
2 7 (3.52%) PostgreSQL
3 5 (2.51%) MongoDB
4 3 (1.51%) Data Warehouse
4 3 (1.51%) MySQL
5 2 (1.01%) Big Data
5 2 (1.01%) Power BI
5 2 (1.01%) Redis
5 2 (1.01%) Relational Database
5 2 (1.01%) SQL Server Analysis Services
5 2 (1.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1 (0.50%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
6 1 (0.50%) BigQuery
6 1 (0.50%) CouchDB
6 1 (0.50%) Neo4j
6 1 (0.50%) Oracle Reports
6 1 (0.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 184 (92.46%) Selenium
2 96 (48.24%) Cucumber
3 73 (36.68%) JIRA
4 72 (36.18%) Jenkins
5 33 (16.58%) JMeter
6 30 (15.08%) Git (software)
6 30 (15.08%) SpecFlow
7 29 (14.57%) SoapUI
7 29 (14.57%) Visual Studio
8 23 (11.56%) Postman
9 18 (9.05%) Maven
10 15 (7.54%) Team Foundation Server
11 14 (7.04%) Gatling
12 12 (6.03%) Jasmine
12 12 (6.03%) NUnit
12 12 (6.03%) REST Assured
13 10 (5.03%) JUnit
14 9 (4.52%) HP UFT
14 9 (4.52%) TeamCity
14 9 (4.52%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 30 (15.08%) Finance
2 16 (8.04%) Public Sector
3 14 (7.04%) Banking
4 7 (3.52%) Retail
5 5 (2.51%) Telecoms
6 3 (1.51%) Retail Banking
7 2 (1.01%) Corporate Banking
7 2 (1.01%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.50%) Advertising
8 1 (0.50%) Legal
8 1 (0.50%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 47 (23.62%) Tester
2 41 (20.60%) Automation Tester
2 41 (20.60%) Developer
3 34 (17.09%) Analyst
4 33 (16.58%) Test Analyst
5 30 (15.08%) Test Engineer
6 24 (12.06%) Automation Test Analyst
7 20 (10.05%) Java Developer
8 19 (9.55%) Test Automation Engineer
9 18 (9.05%) Developer in Test
10 15 (7.54%) Test Leader
11 14 (7.04%) Full Stack Developer
12 13 (6.53%) Angular Developer
12 13 (6.53%) QA Engineer
13 12 (6.03%) JavaScript Developer
14 9 (4.52%) Automation Engineer
15 8 (4.02%) Software Developer
16 7 (3.52%) Automation Test Lead
16 7 (3.52%) QA Automation Engineer
16 7 (3.52%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 43 (21.61%) REST
2 35 (17.59%) .NET
3 30 (15.08%) CSS
4 29 (14.57%) HTML
5 27 (13.57%) AngularJS
6 25 (12.56%) Gherkin
7 22 (11.06%) RESTful
8 20 (10.05%) Node.js
9 19 (9.55%) Web Services
10 17 (8.54%) JSON
11 16 (8.04%) HTML5
12 14 (7.04%) SOAP
13 9 (4.52%) XML
14 8 (4.02%) Spring
15 7 (3.52%) Hibernate
15 7 (3.52%) JDBC
15 7 (3.52%) Middleware
16 4 (2.01%) Express
16 4 (2.01%) Nightwatchjs
16 4 (2.01%) React
Miscellaneous
1 10 (5.03%) Analytical Skills
2 6 (3.02%) Robotics
3 5 (2.51%) Mobile App
4 4 (2.01%) Greenfield Project
4 4 (2.01%) User Experience
4 4 (2.01%) Virtual Team
5 3 (1.51%) Fixed Income
6 2 (1.01%) Self-Motivation
7 1 (0.50%) Blog
7 1 (0.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 1 (0.50%) Linux Command Line
7 1 (0.50%) NHS
7 1 (0.50%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 13 (6.53%) Linux
1 13 (6.53%) Windows
2 6 (3.02%) Unix
3 5 (2.51%) Android
4 4 (2.01%) Apple iOS
5 2 (1.01%) Mac OS
5 2 (1.01%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 181 (90.95%) Test Automation
2 137 (68.84%) Agile Software Development
3 75 (37.69%) BDD
4 56 (28.14%) DevOps
5 49 (24.62%) TDD
6 48 (24.12%) Continuous Integration
7 37 (18.59%) Scrum
8 34 (17.09%) API Testing
9 32 (16.08%) Performance Testing
10 27 (13.57%) Scenario Testing
10 27 (13.57%) SDLC
11 24 (12.06%) Test Strategy
12 23 (11.56%) Regression Testing
12 23 (11.56%) SDET
13 22 (11.06%) Problem-Solving
14 21 (10.55%) Kanban
14 21 (10.55%) Test Scripting
15 20 (10.05%) Manual Testing
16 19 (9.55%) Open Source
17 17 (8.54%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 115 (57.79%) Java
2 69 (34.67%) C#
3 48 (24.12%) JavaScript
4 38 (19.10%) SQL
5 17 (8.54%) Java 8
6 13 (6.53%) Scala
7 9 (4.52%) Groovy
8 8 (4.02%) PowerShell
9 7 (3.52%) Python
10 5 (2.51%) C
10 5 (2.51%) PL/SQL
10 5 (2.51%) Shell Script
10 5 (2.51%) TypeScript
11 2 (1.01%) XPath
12 1 (0.50%) Bash Shell
12 1 (0.50%) Kotlin
12 1 (0.50%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 27 (13.57%) Security Cleared
2 23 (11.56%) SC Cleared
3 20 (10.05%) ISTQB
4 13 (6.53%) ISEB
5 6 (3.02%) DV Cleared
5 6 (3.02%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 2 (1.01%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (1.01%) Degree
7 1 (0.50%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (23.12%) QA
2 1 (0.50%) GDPR
2 1 (0.50%) PMO
System Software
1 21 (10.55%) Docker
Systems Management
1 10 (5.03%) Kubernetes
2 6 (3.02%) Ansible
3 5 (2.51%) Terraform
4 4 (2.01%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (2.01%) Puppet
5 2 (1.01%) Kibana
6 1 (0.50%) HP Quality Center
6 1 (0.50%) logstash
Vendors
1 33 (16.58%) Microsoft
2 13 (6.53%) Atlassian
3 4 (2.01%) hybris
3 4 (2.01%) SAP
4 3 (1.51%) CyberArk
4 3 (1.51%) IBM
5 2 (1.01%) Google
5 2 (1.01%) HP
5 2 (1.01%) Oracle
6 1 (0.50%) MuleSoft
6 1 (0.50%) Pega