Period
to 13 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK > England
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 347 387 326
Rank change year-on-year +40 -61 +118
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 715 591 743
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.74% 0.62% 0.78%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.46% 3.33% 4.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 537 419 510
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £303 £300 £281
90th Percentile £538 £575 £525
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 4
England median hourly rate - £13.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -69.41% -
UK median hourly rate - £13.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - -69.41% -

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 20,643 17,764 15,712
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 21.41% 18.69% 16.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,317 12,488 10,586
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £305
90th Percentile £625 £613 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 198 257 226
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +4.29% +1.88%
10th Percentile £29.25 £29.00 £24.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £60.00 £54.38
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver in England over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the England region over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +62 381 £450 -1.37% 65
North of England -8 106 £413 +10.00% 31
South East +13 92 £400 +3.23% 27
Midlands +25 87 £431 +6.15% 10
West Midlands +38 79 £450 -9.09% 6
Yorkshire -8 51 £360 -4.00% 13
North West +4 47 £425 +17.24% 13
South West -31 41 £438 +25.00% 10
East of England -23 10 £350 - 8
East Midlands -19 8 £390 +0.65% 4
North East -25 8 £413 -2.94% 5
WebDriver
UK

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 675 (94.41%) Selenium
2 632 (88.39%) Test Automation
3 482 (67.41%) Agile Software Development
4 419 (58.60%) Java
5 374 (52.31%) Cucumber
6 328 (45.87%) BDD
7 261 (36.50%) Jenkins
8 238 (33.29%) QA
9 235 (32.87%) JavaScript
10 232 (32.45%) Scrum
11 199 (27.83%) C#
12 191 (26.71%) TDD
13 172 (24.06%) SDET
14 168 (23.50%) JIRA
15 166 (23.22%) Continuous Integration
16 159 (22.24%) Git (software)
17 157 (21.96%) API Testing
18 151 (21.12%) Finance
19 132 (18.46%) Gherkin
20 129 (18.04%) .NET
21 123 (17.20%) REST
22 112 (15.66%) Maven
23 111 (15.52%) SQL
23 111 (15.52%) JMeter
24 108 (15.10%) CSS
25 107 (14.97%) HTML
26 102 (14.27%) SpecFlow
27 101 (14.13%) RESTful
28 100 (13.99%) Confluence
29 98 (13.71%) SoapUI

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 100 (13.99%) Confluence
2 20 (2.80%) CMS
3 17 (2.38%) Documentum
4 12 (1.68%) NServiceBus
5 10 (1.40%) Elasticsearch
6 9 (1.26%) Drupal
7 8 (1.12%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 6 (0.84%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 3 (0.42%) Apache Spark
9 3 (0.42%) Jetty
9 3 (0.42%) SAS
9 3 (0.42%) SharePoint
9 3 (0.42%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.28%) Apache
10 2 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
10 2 (0.28%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.28%) Sitecore CMS
11 1 (0.14%) CICS
11 1 (0.14%) nginx
11 1 (0.14%) WordPress
Applications
1 10 (1.40%) Fireworks
1 10 (1.40%) Photoshop
2 3 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.14%) HipChat
3 1 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 2 (0.28%) Orchard Housing
Cloud Services
1 67 (9.37%) GitHub
2 63 (8.81%) BrowserStack
3 46 (6.43%) Sauce Labs
4 33 (4.62%) Microsoft Azure
5 24 (3.36%) Amazon AWS
6 18 (2.52%) Google Analytics
7 12 (1.68%) Google Cloud Platform
8 10 (1.40%) Slack
9 5 (0.70%) BlazeMeter
9 5 (0.70%) DigitalOcean
10 4 (0.56%) Cloud Computing
11 2 (0.28%) Adobe Analytics
11 2 (0.28%) Boomi
11 2 (0.28%) SaaS
11 2 (0.28%) Trello
12 1 (0.14%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 38 (5.31%) HTTP
2 25 (3.50%) Internet
3 10 (1.40%) Skype
4 7 (0.98%) HTTPS
5 3 (0.42%) BIG-IP
5 3 (0.42%) DNS
6 1 (0.14%) PuTTY
6 1 (0.14%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (5.73%) PostgreSQL
2 29 (4.06%) MongoDB
3 19 (2.66%) SQL Server
4 12 (1.68%) Relational Database
5 7 (0.98%) DB2
5 7 (0.98%) Hadoop
5 7 (0.98%) MySQL
6 6 (0.84%) Big Data
7 5 (0.70%) Data Warehouse
7 5 (0.70%) Redis
8 4 (0.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 4 (0.56%) Oracle Database
9 3 (0.42%) Apache Hive
10 2 (0.28%) BusinessObjects
10 2 (0.28%) Power BI
11 1 (0.14%) KDB
11 1 (0.14%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 675 (94.41%) Selenium
2 374 (52.31%) Cucumber
3 261 (36.50%) Jenkins
4 168 (23.50%) JIRA
5 159 (22.24%) Git (software)
6 112 (15.66%) Maven
7 111 (15.52%) JMeter
8 102 (14.27%) SpecFlow
9 98 (13.71%) SoapUI
10 50 (6.99%) Appium
11 49 (6.85%) JUnit
12 41 (5.73%) Gatling
12 41 (5.73%) Jasmine
13 38 (5.31%) Ant
13 38 (5.31%) Protractor
13 38 (5.31%) Visual Studio Team System
14 36 (5.03%) gulp
15 34 (4.76%) NUnit
16 32 (4.48%) GitLab
16 32 (4.48%) Visual Studio
General
1 151 (21.12%) Finance
2 51 (7.13%) Banking
3 29 (4.06%) Retail
4 21 (2.94%) Marketing
5 17 (2.38%) Telecoms
6 16 (2.24%) Electronics
6 16 (2.24%) Manufacturing
7 11 (1.54%) Advertising
8 7 (0.98%) Games
9 6 (0.84%) Investment Banking
10 3 (0.42%) Law
11 1 (0.14%) Corporate Banking
11 1 (0.14%) Digital Economy
11 1 (0.14%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.14%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 271 (37.90%) Tester
2 225 (31.47%) Automation Tester
3 138 (19.30%) Developer
4 113 (15.80%) Test Engineer
5 103 (14.41%) Analyst
6 87 (12.17%) Test Analyst
6 87 (12.17%) Test Automation Engineer
7 80 (11.19%) Selenium Tester
8 77 (10.77%) Selenium Automation Tester
9 69 (9.65%) Java Automation Tester
10 57 (7.97%) Developer in Test
11 55 (7.69%) Automation Test Analyst
12 37 (5.17%) QA Engineer
13 34 (4.76%) Test Automation Developer
14 33 (4.62%) QA Tester
15 23 (3.22%) QA Automation Engineer
15 23 (3.22%) Senior Test Engineer
15 23 (3.22%) Software Developer
16 22 (3.08%) QA Automation Tester
16 22 (3.08%) Senior Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 132 (18.46%) Gherkin
2 129 (18.04%) .NET
3 123 (17.20%) REST
4 108 (15.10%) CSS
5 107 (14.97%) HTML
6 101 (14.13%) RESTful
7 77 (10.77%) Node.js
8 75 (10.49%) AngularJS
9 71 (9.93%) Web Services
10 57 (7.97%) JSON
10 57 (7.97%) SOAP
11 52 (7.27%) LESS
12 51 (7.13%) HTML5
13 46 (6.43%) React
14 42 (5.87%) Sass
15 40 (5.59%) .NET Framework
15 40 (5.59%) XML
16 38 (5.31%) WebdriverIO
17 30 (4.20%) ASP.NET
17 30 (4.20%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 63 (8.81%) Analytical Skills
2 36 (5.03%) Self-Motivation
3 34 (4.76%) Greenfield Project
4 27 (3.78%) Mobile App
5 23 (3.22%) User Experience
6 19 (2.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 17 (2.38%) Fintech
8 13 (1.82%) Virtual Team
9 11 (1.54%) Algorithms
10 8 (1.12%) Data Structures
11 4 (0.56%) IVR
11 4 (0.56%) Management Information System
12 3 (0.42%) Credit Risk
12 3 (0.42%) NHS
12 3 (0.42%) Video on Demand
13 2 (0.28%) Video\Live Streaming
14 1 (0.14%) Mainframe
14 1 (0.14%) Replication
14 1 (0.14%) Robotics
14 1 (0.14%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 44 (6.15%) Linux
1 44 (6.15%) Windows
2 28 (3.92%) Unix
3 20 (2.80%) Apple iOS
4 16 (2.24%) Ubuntu
5 13 (1.82%) Android
6 10 (1.40%) Mac OS
7 8 (1.12%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 632 (88.39%) Test Automation
2 482 (67.41%) Agile Software Development
3 328 (45.87%) BDD
4 232 (32.45%) Scrum
5 191 (26.71%) TDD
6 172 (24.06%) SDET
7 166 (23.22%) Continuous Integration
8 157 (21.96%) API Testing
9 95 (13.29%) Manual Testing
10 92 (12.87%) OO
11 78 (10.91%) Performance Testing
12 76 (10.63%) DevOps
13 70 (9.79%) Test Scripting
14 69 (9.65%) OOP
15 64 (8.95%) E-Commerce
15 64 (8.95%) Kanban
15 64 (8.95%) Problem-Solving
16 60 (8.39%) Test Strategy
17 57 (7.97%) Microservices
18 56 (7.83%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 419 (58.60%) Java
2 235 (32.87%) JavaScript
3 199 (27.83%) C#
4 111 (15.52%) SQL
5 40 (5.59%) Python
6 35 (4.90%) Ruby
7 32 (4.48%) Scala
8 31 (4.34%) Groovy
9 23 (3.22%) Java 8
10 20 (2.80%) ES6
11 14 (1.96%) PHP
11 14 (1.96%) PowerShell
12 13 (1.82%) T-SQL
13 12 (1.68%) Bash Shell
14 11 (1.54%) TypeScript
15 10 (1.40%) VBScript
16 9 (1.26%) C++
17 7 (0.98%) PL/SQL
17 7 (0.98%) Shell Script
18 6 (0.84%) C
Qualifications
1 42 (5.87%) Security Cleared
2 40 (5.59%) ISTQB
3 38 (5.31%) SC Cleared
4 32 (4.48%) ISEB
5 26 (3.64%) Degree
6 13 (1.82%) BPSS Clearance
7 7 (0.98%) DBS Check
8 6 (0.84%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.70%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 4 (0.56%) Computer Science Degree
10 4 (0.56%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 1 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 238 (33.29%) QA
2 16 (2.24%) WCAG
3 5 (0.70%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.42%) GDPR
4 3 (0.42%) PMO
5 2 (0.28%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.14%) SLA
System Software
1 71 (9.93%) Docker
2 3 (0.42%) Active Directory
2 3 (0.42%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 33 (4.62%) Kibana
2 28 (3.92%) Puppet
3 26 (3.64%) Grafana
4 17 (2.38%) HP Quality Center
5 16 (2.24%) Graphite
6 11 (1.54%) Kubernetes
7 9 (1.26%) WMI
8 8 (1.12%) Ansible
8 8 (1.12%) logstash
9 2 (0.28%) CA Wily
9 2 (0.28%) HP ALM
10 1 (0.14%) HAProxy
10 1 (0.14%) Terraform
Vendors
1 68 (9.51%) Microsoft
2 35 (4.90%) Atlassian
3 30 (4.20%) Google
4 22 (3.08%) Oracle
4 22 (3.08%) Pega
5 18 (2.52%) Adobe
6 16 (2.24%) Cypress Semiconductor
6 16 (2.24%) SAP
6 16 (2.24%) Splunk
7 8 (1.12%) Perfecto Mobile
8 6 (0.84%) HP
9 5 (0.70%) hybris
10 3 (0.42%) F5
10 3 (0.42%) Veracode
10 3 (0.42%) Xamarin
11 2 (0.28%) AppDynamics
11 2 (0.28%) Bloomberg
11 2 (0.28%) Dell
11 2 (0.28%) Orchard
11 2 (0.28%) Sitecore