Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 353 378 350
Rank change year-on-year +25 -28 +78
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 679 578 683
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.72% 0.63% 0.69%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.44% 3.44% 4.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 508 384 486
England median daily rate £450 £420 £398
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% +5.66% +2.91%
10th Percentile £309 £300 £263
90th Percentile £550 £575 £525
UK median daily rate £433 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +4.85% +3.13% +5.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 4 1
England median hourly rate - £47.50 £39.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +20.65% +191.63%
UK median hourly rate - £47.50 £39.37
% change year-on-year - +20.65% +191.63%

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19,730 16,798 16,193
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.92% 18.41% 16.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,617 11,663 11,038
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 206 278 236
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +6.49%
10th Percentile £25.83 £30.60 £25.56
90th Percentile £52.50 £59.13 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +5.13%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +77 391 £463 -2.63% 70
North of England -45 102 £413 +13.01% 26
Midlands -17 71 £419 +9.12% 24
South East -5 66 £400 +3.23% 19
Yorkshire -14 62 £383 +3.38% 8
West Midlands +22 60 £425 -8.11% 19
South West -9 37 £438 +25.00% 10
North West -9 35 £438 +20.69% 17
East of England -16 13 £350 +6.06% 5
East Midlands -33 11 £338 -10.00% 5
North East -28 5 £394 +12.50% 1
WebDriver
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 627 (92.34%) Selenium
2 600 (88.37%) Test Automation
3 454 (66.86%) Agile Software Development
4 380 (55.96%) Java
5 359 (52.87%) Cucumber
6 316 (46.54%) BDD
7 234 (34.46%) QA
8 230 (33.87%) JavaScript
9 210 (30.93%) Jenkins
10 206 (30.34%) Scrum
11 194 (28.57%) C#
12 191 (28.13%) TDD
13 169 (24.89%) Continuous Integration
14 160 (23.56%) SDET
15 150 (22.09%) Git (software)
16 148 (21.80%) API Testing
16 148 (21.80%) Finance
17 147 (21.65%) JIRA
18 131 (19.29%) Gherkin
19 118 (17.38%) .NET
20 103 (15.17%) SQL
20 103 (15.17%) SpecFlow
21 101 (14.87%) RESTful
22 98 (14.43%) HTML
23 97 (14.29%) Maven
24 95 (13.99%) JMeter
25 94 (13.84%) REST
26 93 (13.70%) CSS
27 89 (13.11%) Confluence
28 85 (12.52%) SoapUI

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 89 (13.11%) Confluence
2 13 (1.91%) CMS
3 12 (1.77%) Jetty
3 12 (1.77%) NServiceBus
3 12 (1.77%) Tomcat
4 9 (1.33%) Drupal
5 8 (1.18%) Documentum
6 6 (0.88%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
6 6 (0.88%) Elasticsearch
7 4 (0.59%) Apache Spark
8 3 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.44%) SAS
9 2 (0.29%) Apache
9 2 (0.29%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.29%) SharePoint
10 1 (0.15%) CICS
10 1 (0.15%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 10 (1.47%) Fireworks
1 10 (1.47%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.15%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.15%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 1 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 62 (9.13%) GitHub
2 59 (8.69%) BrowserStack
3 50 (7.36%) Sauce Labs
4 42 (6.19%) Amazon AWS
5 25 (3.68%) Microsoft Azure
6 16 (2.36%) Google Analytics
7 12 (1.77%) Google Cloud Platform
8 9 (1.33%) Slack
9 7 (1.03%) DigitalOcean
10 5 (0.74%) BlazeMeter
11 3 (0.44%) Cloud Computing
11 3 (0.44%) vREST
12 2 (0.29%) Adobe Analytics
12 2 (0.29%) npm
12 2 (0.29%) SaaS
13 1 (0.15%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 36 (5.30%) HTTP
2 25 (3.68%) Internet
3 9 (1.33%) HTTPS
3 9 (1.33%) Skype
4 4 (0.59%) SMS
5 2 (0.29%) BIG-IP
5 2 (0.29%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (6.19%) PostgreSQL
2 27 (3.98%) MongoDB
3 24 (3.53%) SQL Server
4 7 (1.03%) Big Data
4 7 (1.03%) Relational Database
5 6 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
5 6 (0.88%) DB2
5 6 (0.88%) Hadoop
6 5 (0.74%) MySQL
6 5 (0.74%) Redis
7 4 (0.59%) Apache Hive
8 3 (0.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 3 (0.44%) NoSQL
8 3 (0.44%) Oracle Database
9 1 (0.15%) Data Lake
9 1 (0.15%) Oracle Database 10g
9 1 (0.15%) Oracle Database 11g
9 1 (0.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 627 (92.34%) Selenium
2 359 (52.87%) Cucumber
3 210 (30.93%) Jenkins
4 150 (22.09%) Git (software)
5 147 (21.65%) JIRA
6 103 (15.17%) SpecFlow
7 97 (14.29%) Maven
8 95 (13.99%) JMeter
9 85 (12.52%) SoapUI
10 57 (8.39%) Appium
11 51 (7.51%) JUnit
12 41 (6.04%) Protractor
13 40 (5.89%) Jasmine
14 37 (5.45%) Gatling
15 34 (5.01%) NUnit
16 30 (4.42%) Gradle
17 29 (4.27%) GitLab
17 29 (4.27%) gulp
18 28 (4.12%) Mocha
19 27 (3.98%) JBehave
General
1 148 (21.80%) Finance
2 58 (8.54%) Banking
3 33 (4.86%) Retail
4 18 (2.65%) Marketing
5 14 (2.06%) Telecoms
6 12 (1.77%) Advertising
6 12 (1.77%) Electronics
6 12 (1.77%) Manufacturing
7 8 (1.18%) Games
7 8 (1.18%) Investment Banking
8 3 (0.44%) Law
9 1 (0.15%) Corporate Banking
9 1 (0.15%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.15%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 226 (33.28%) Tester
2 183 (26.95%) Automation Tester
3 143 (21.06%) Developer
4 111 (16.35%) Test Engineer
5 97 (14.29%) Analyst
6 86 (12.67%) Test Analyst
7 81 (11.93%) Test Automation Engineer
8 61 (8.98%) Automation Test Analyst
9 57 (8.39%) Developer in Test
9 57 (8.39%) Selenium Tester
10 53 (7.81%) Selenium Automation Tester
11 47 (6.92%) Java Automation Tester
12 46 (6.77%) QA Engineer
13 36 (5.30%) QA Tester
14 30 (4.42%) Software Developer
15 26 (3.83%) Java Developer
16 25 (3.68%) QA Automation Tester
17 24 (3.53%) QA Automation Engineer
18 23 (3.39%) C# Developer
18 23 (3.39%) Test Automation Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 131 (19.29%) Gherkin
2 118 (17.38%) .NET
3 101 (14.87%) RESTful
4 98 (14.43%) HTML
5 94 (13.84%) REST
6 93 (13.70%) CSS
7 77 (11.34%) Node.js
8 72 (10.60%) Web Services
9 59 (8.69%) AngularJS
10 49 (7.22%) HTML5
10 49 (7.22%) LESS
10 49 (7.22%) React
11 48 (7.07%) JSON
12 47 (6.92%) SOAP
13 40 (5.89%) Sass
13 40 (5.89%) WebdriverIO
14 38 (5.60%) .NET Framework
15 36 (5.30%) XML
16 29 (4.27%) ASP.NET
17 25 (3.68%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 58 (8.54%) Analytical Skills
2 38 (5.60%) Mobile App
3 37 (5.45%) Greenfield Project
4 33 (4.86%) Self-Motivation
5 24 (3.53%) User Experience
6 21 (3.09%) Fintech
7 19 (2.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 10 (1.47%) Algorithms
8 10 (1.47%) Data Structures
8 10 (1.47%) Virtual Team
9 7 (1.03%) Computer Science
10 5 (0.74%) NHS
11 4 (0.59%) Hedge funds
11 4 (0.59%) Management Information System
12 3 (0.44%) Credit Risk
12 3 (0.44%) Robotics
12 3 (0.44%) Video on Demand
12 3 (0.44%) Video\Live Streaming
13 2 (0.29%) Fixed Income
13 2 (0.29%) IVR
Operating Systems
1 59 (8.69%) Linux
2 43 (6.33%) Windows
3 35 (5.15%) Unix
4 27 (3.98%) Android
4 27 (3.98%) Apple iOS
5 15 (2.21%) Ubuntu
6 10 (1.47%) Mac OS X
7 9 (1.33%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.15%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 600 (88.37%) Test Automation
2 454 (66.86%) Agile Software Development
3 316 (46.54%) BDD
4 206 (30.34%) Scrum
5 191 (28.13%) TDD
6 169 (24.89%) Continuous Integration
7 160 (23.56%) SDET
8 148 (21.80%) API Testing
9 75 (11.05%) Test Scripting
10 74 (10.90%) Manual Testing
11 72 (10.60%) OO
12 70 (10.31%) DevOps
13 64 (9.43%) Kanban
14 63 (9.28%) Performance Testing
15 60 (8.84%) Open Source
15 60 (8.84%) Test Strategy
16 59 (8.69%) Problem-Solving
17 57 (8.39%) Functional Testing
18 55 (8.10%) E-Commerce
19 54 (7.95%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 380 (55.96%) Java
2 230 (33.87%) JavaScript
3 194 (28.57%) C#
4 103 (15.17%) SQL
5 38 (5.60%) Python
6 35 (5.15%) Groovy
7 33 (4.86%) Ruby
8 27 (3.98%) Java 8
8 27 (3.98%) Scala
9 22 (3.24%) Shell Script
10 19 (2.80%) PHP
11 17 (2.50%) ES6
12 12 (1.77%) Bash Shell
12 12 (1.77%) PowerShell
13 11 (1.62%) TypeScript
13 11 (1.62%) VBScript
14 9 (1.33%) PL/SQL
15 7 (1.03%) Apple Swift
15 7 (1.03%) C
15 7 (1.03%) C++
Qualifications
1 53 (7.81%) ISTQB
2 43 (6.33%) Security Cleared
3 40 (5.89%) SC Cleared
4 39 (5.74%) ISEB
5 28 (4.12%) Degree
6 9 (1.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 7 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
8 6 (0.88%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 6 (0.88%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.74%) Computer Science Degree
10 3 (0.44%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 234 (34.46%) QA
2 13 (1.91%) WCAG
3 7 (1.03%) GDPR
4 4 (0.59%) PMO
5 2 (0.29%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.15%) EMIR
6 1 (0.15%) MiFID
System Software
1 66 (9.72%) Docker
2 4 (0.59%) Apache Flume
3 2 (0.29%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 31 (4.57%) Kibana
2 25 (3.68%) Grafana
3 18 (2.65%) Puppet
4 15 (2.21%) Graphite
5 14 (2.06%) HP Quality Center
6 10 (1.47%) Kubernetes
7 9 (1.33%) WMI
8 6 (0.88%) HP ALM
8 6 (0.88%) logstash
9 4 (0.59%) Ansible
9 4 (0.59%) Business Desktop Deployment
10 2 (0.29%) CA Wily
11 1 (0.15%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 49 (7.22%) Microsoft
2 32 (4.71%) Atlassian
3 27 (3.98%) Google
4 23 (3.39%) Oracle
5 17 (2.50%) Cypress Semiconductor
6 15 (2.21%) Splunk
7 13 (1.91%) Adobe
8 12 (1.77%) SAP
9 11 (1.62%) HP
10 10 (1.47%) Perfecto Mobile
11 8 (1.18%) Pega
12 5 (0.74%) hybris
12 5 (0.74%) Veracode
13 3 (0.44%) Bloomberg
13 3 (0.44%) Blue Prism
13 3 (0.44%) Reuters
14 2 (0.29%) AppDynamics
14 2 (0.29%) F5
14 2 (0.29%) Red Hat
15 1 (0.15%) Sitecore