Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK > England
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 365 372 370
Rank change year-on-year +7 -2 +72
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 617 576 637
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.66% 0.65% 0.63%
As % of the Development Applications category 3.21% 3.59% 4.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 462 378 454
England median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £300 £294 £263
90th Percentile £550 £575 £525
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 6 1
England median hourly rate - £48.75 £39.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +23.83% +191.63%
UK median hourly rate £28.00 £47.50 £42.90
% change year-on-year -41.05% +10.74% +217.74%

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 19,220 16,051 15,914
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 20.62% 18.17% 15.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,283 11,035 10,936
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £300
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £473 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 205 276 259
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.38 £42.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.72% -2.53% +13.20%
10th Percentile £26.50 £28.75 £26.70
90th Percentile £53.25 £55.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.25
% change year-on-year - +0.59% +12.67%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver in England over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the England region over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +42 369 £450 - 75
North of England -54 93 £390 +8.33% 27
Midlands +15 68 £400 +6.67% 16
Yorkshire -3 68 £375 +2.74% 9
West Midlands +18 55 £406 -8.45% 10
South East -56 48 £400 +14.29% 10
South West -15 26 £363 +3.57% 13
North West -39 19 £450 +23.71% 17
East of England -9 13 £313 -8.09% 4
East Midlands -23 13 £338 -6.90% 6
North East -29 6 £575 +79.69% 1
WebDriver
UK

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 559 (90.60%) Selenium
2 534 (86.55%) Test Automation
3 435 (70.50%) Agile Software Development
4 321 (52.03%) Cucumber
5 317 (51.38%) Java
6 299 (48.46%) BDD
7 192 (31.12%) TDD
8 191 (30.96%) QA
9 187 (30.31%) JavaScript
10 185 (29.98%) C#
11 173 (28.04%) Jenkins
12 154 (24.96%) Scrum
13 152 (24.64%) Continuous Integration
14 135 (21.88%) API Testing
15 130 (21.07%) JIRA
16 129 (20.91%) SQL
16 129 (20.91%) SDET
17 112 (18.15%) Git (software)
18 108 (17.50%) SpecFlow
18 108 (17.50%) Gherkin
19 102 (16.53%) SoapUI
20 98 (15.88%) Finance
21 93 (15.07%) RESTful
22 92 (14.91%) .NET
23 83 (13.45%) HTML
24 82 (13.29%) Test Scripting
25 79 (12.80%) Maven
26 76 (12.32%) JMeter
27 72 (11.67%) CSS
27 72 (11.67%) DevOps

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (11.02%) Confluence
2 19 (3.08%) CMS
3 14 (2.27%) Tomcat
4 11 (1.78%) Elasticsearch
4 11 (1.78%) Jetty
4 11 (1.78%) NServiceBus
5 9 (1.46%) Documentum
5 9 (1.46%) Drupal
6 6 (0.97%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
7 4 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 4 (0.65%) Apache
7 4 (0.65%) Sitecore CMS
8 3 (0.49%) Apache Spark
8 3 (0.49%) Umbraco
8 3 (0.49%) WebLogic
8 3 (0.49%) WebSphere
9 2 (0.32%) JBoss
9 2 (0.32%) OpenCms
9 2 (0.32%) Oracle Coherence
9 2 (0.32%) SharePoint
Applications
1 10 (1.62%) Fireworks
1 10 (1.62%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.32%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 3 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 47 (7.62%) BrowserStack
1 47 (7.62%) Sauce Labs
2 43 (6.97%) Amazon AWS
3 35 (5.67%) GitHub
4 18 (2.92%) Microsoft Azure
5 12 (1.94%) Google Cloud Platform
6 8 (1.30%) DigitalOcean
7 5 (0.81%) BlazeMeter
8 3 (0.49%) Google Analytics
8 3 (0.49%) vREST
9 2 (0.32%) Adobe Analytics
9 2 (0.32%) AWS Lambda
9 2 (0.32%) npm
9 2 (0.32%) SaaS
9 2 (0.32%) Serverless
9 2 (0.32%) Slack
10 1 (0.16%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 26 (4.21%) Internet
2 20 (3.24%) HTTP
3 6 (0.97%) HTTPS
4 4 (0.65%) SMS
5 2 (0.32%) Broadband
6 1 (0.16%) LAN
6 1 (0.16%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (7.94%) PostgreSQL
2 28 (4.54%) SQL Server
3 15 (2.43%) MongoDB
4 8 (1.30%) Data Warehouse
4 8 (1.30%) Hadoop
4 8 (1.30%) MySQL
5 7 (1.13%) Relational Database
6 6 (0.97%) DB2
6 6 (0.97%) Redis
7 5 (0.81%) Big Data
8 4 (0.65%) NoSQL
8 4 (0.65%) Oracle Database
9 3 (0.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 3 (0.49%) Apache Hive
9 3 (0.49%) Oracle Database 10g
9 3 (0.49%) Oracle Database 11g
10 2 (0.32%) Oracle8/8i Database
11 1 (0.16%) BigQuery
11 1 (0.16%) Power BI
11 1 (0.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 559 (90.60%) Selenium
2 321 (52.03%) Cucumber
3 173 (28.04%) Jenkins
4 130 (21.07%) JIRA
5 112 (18.15%) Git (software)
6 108 (17.50%) SpecFlow
7 102 (16.53%) SoapUI
8 79 (12.80%) Maven
9 76 (12.32%) JMeter
10 58 (9.40%) JUnit
11 56 (9.08%) Appium
12 47 (7.62%) Protractor
13 39 (6.32%) Jasmine
14 30 (4.86%) JBehave
15 29 (4.70%) Gatling
15 29 (4.70%) Gradle
16 27 (4.38%) TeamCity
17 26 (4.21%) Visual Studio
18 25 (4.05%) Team Foundation Server
19 24 (3.89%) Mocha
General
1 98 (15.88%) Finance
2 44 (7.13%) Banking
3 32 (5.19%) Retail
4 11 (1.78%) Advertising
5 8 (1.30%) Investment Banking
6 6 (0.97%) Games
6 6 (0.97%) Marketing
7 4 (0.65%) Law
7 4 (0.65%) Telecoms
8 2 (0.32%) Back Office
8 2 (0.32%) Electronics
8 2 (0.32%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.16%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 211 (34.20%) Tester
2 160 (25.93%) Automation Tester
3 127 (20.58%) Developer
4 93 (15.07%) Analyst
5 92 (14.91%) Test Engineer
6 85 (13.78%) Test Analyst
7 64 (10.37%) Test Automation Engineer
8 59 (9.56%) Automation Test Analyst
9 54 (8.75%) Selenium Tester
10 51 (8.27%) Developer in Test
11 48 (7.78%) Selenium Automation Tester
12 43 (6.97%) QA Engineer
13 39 (6.32%) QA Tester
14 30 (4.86%) Agile Tester
15 29 (4.70%) Java Automation Tester
16 28 (4.54%) Java Developer
16 28 (4.54%) QA Automation Tester
17 26 (4.21%) Software Developer
18 23 (3.73%) QA Automation Engineer
19 20 (3.24%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 108 (17.50%) Gherkin
2 93 (15.07%) RESTful
3 92 (14.91%) .NET
4 83 (13.45%) HTML
5 72 (11.67%) CSS
6 67 (10.86%) REST
6 67 (10.86%) Web Services
7 51 (8.27%) Node.js
8 50 (8.10%) SOAP
9 44 (7.13%) AngularJS
10 40 (6.48%) React
11 36 (5.83%) JSON
12 35 (5.67%) LESS
13 34 (5.51%) HTML5
13 34 (5.51%) XML
14 29 (4.70%) Sass
15 23 (3.73%) .NET Framework
15 23 (3.73%) Spring
16 21 (3.40%) CSS3
16 21 (3.40%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 47 (7.62%) Analytical Skills
2 31 (5.02%) Mobile App
3 28 (4.54%) User Experience
4 27 (4.38%) Greenfield Project
5 24 (3.89%) Self-Motivation
6 15 (2.43%) Fintech
6 15 (2.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 7 (1.13%) Algorithms
7 7 (1.13%) Data Structures
7 7 (1.13%) Linux Command Line
8 5 (0.81%) NHS
8 5 (0.81%) Virtual Team
9 4 (0.65%) Computer Science
9 4 (0.65%) Hedge funds
10 3 (0.49%) Fixed Income
10 3 (0.49%) Mainframe
10 3 (0.49%) Robotics
11 2 (0.32%) IBM Mainframe
11 2 (0.32%) PlayStation
11 2 (0.32%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 59 (9.56%) Linux
2 45 (7.29%) Windows
3 34 (5.51%) Unix
4 26 (4.21%) Android
5 25 (4.05%) Apple iOS
6 16 (2.59%) Ubuntu
7 8 (1.30%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.32%) Kali Linux
9 2 (0.32%) Windows 2000
9 2 (0.32%) Windows Vista
10 1 (0.16%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 534 (86.55%) Test Automation
2 435 (70.50%) Agile Software Development
3 299 (48.46%) BDD
4 192 (31.12%) TDD
5 154 (24.96%) Scrum
6 152 (24.64%) Continuous Integration
7 135 (21.88%) API Testing
8 129 (20.91%) SDET
9 82 (13.29%) Test Scripting
10 72 (11.67%) DevOps
11 61 (9.89%) Kanban
11 61 (9.89%) Regression Testing
12 59 (9.56%) Performance Testing
13 58 (9.40%) Problem-Solving
14 55 (8.91%) E-Commerce
15 54 (8.75%) Acceptance Criteria
15 54 (8.75%) Functional Testing
16 50 (8.10%) Test Strategy
17 48 (7.78%) OO
18 47 (7.62%) Non-Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 317 (51.38%) Java
2 187 (30.31%) JavaScript
3 185 (29.98%) C#
4 129 (20.91%) SQL
5 31 (5.02%) Python
6 21 (3.40%) Groovy
6 21 (3.40%) Java 8
7 20 (3.24%) Shell Script
8 19 (3.08%) Ruby
9 16 (2.59%) PHP
10 15 (2.43%) ES6
10 15 (2.43%) PL/SQL
11 13 (2.11%) Scala
11 13 (2.11%) VBScript
12 10 (1.62%) PowerShell
13 8 (1.30%) C
14 7 (1.13%) TypeScript
15 6 (0.97%) Apple Swift
16 5 (0.81%) C++
16 5 (0.81%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 60 (9.72%) ISTQB
2 46 (7.46%) Security Cleared
3 44 (7.13%) SC Cleared
4 41 (6.65%) ISEB
5 25 (4.05%) Degree
6 14 (2.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 9 (1.46%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 5 (0.81%) Computer Science Degree
9 2 (0.32%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.16%) BC Cleared
10 1 (0.16%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.16%) PMI Certification
10 1 (0.16%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 191 (30.96%) QA
2 11 (1.78%) GDPR
2 11 (1.78%) WCAG
3 4 (0.65%) PMO
4 3 (0.49%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.16%) EMIR
5 1 (0.16%) GCP
5 1 (0.16%) MiFID
System Software
1 47 (7.62%) Docker
2 3 (0.49%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.16%) ACF2
3 1 (0.16%) RACF
3 1 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 24 (3.89%) Kibana
2 14 (2.27%) Grafana
2 14 (2.27%) Puppet
3 13 (2.11%) HP Quality Center
4 10 (1.62%) Kubernetes
5 9 (1.46%) logstash
5 9 (1.46%) WMI
6 8 (1.30%) HP ALM
7 4 (0.65%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 3 (0.49%) Graphite
9 2 (0.32%) Ansible
9 2 (0.32%) Rancher
10 1 (0.16%) CA Wily
10 1 (0.16%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 44 (7.13%) Microsoft
2 27 (4.38%) Atlassian
3 23 (3.73%) Oracle
4 18 (2.92%) HP
5 17 (2.76%) Google
6 14 (2.27%) Adobe
7 9 (1.46%) Cypress Semiconductor
7 9 (1.46%) Pega
8 8 (1.30%) Capita
9 6 (0.97%) IBM
9 6 (0.97%) Perfecto Mobile
10 4 (0.65%) Sitecore
10 4 (0.65%) Splunk
11 3 (0.49%) Bloomberg
11 3 (0.49%) Blue Prism
11 3 (0.49%) Red Hat
11 3 (0.49%) Reuters
11 3 (0.49%) Veracode
12 2 (0.32%) hybris
12 2 (0.32%) New Relic