Period
to 20 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for WebDriver skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited WebDriver over the 6 months to 20 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Selenium WebDriver
UK > England
6 months to
20 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 464 332 378
Rank change year-on-year -132 +46 -35
Contract jobs citing WebDriver 318 718 595
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.42% 0.75% 0.63%
As % of the Development Applications category 2.42% 3.56% 3.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 256 533 411
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £350 £306 £300
90th Percentile £575 £538 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 3
England median hourly rate - - £47.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 - £47.50

WebDriver is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 13,117 20,185 17,639
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 17.22% 21.22% 18.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,737 13,960 12,364
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £330 £325 £313
90th Percentile £644 £625 £601
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 191 210 272
England median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.18% - +3.66%
10th Percentile £18.25 £25.41 £29.00
90th Percentile £73.00 £55.10 £58.75
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +2.35% - +3.66%

WebDriver
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing WebDriver as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing WebDriver in England over the 6 months to 20 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for WebDriver in England

WebDriver
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing WebDriver within the England region over the 6 months to 20 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -108 144 £475 +4.40% 37
South East +23 66 £490 +22.50% 20
North of England -23 49 £398 -4.50% 45
Yorkshire +11 28 £395 +8.97% 18
South West -17 26 £388 -13.89% 10
East of England +36 16 £419 +19.64% 3
Midlands -31 16 £425 -1.45% 17
West Midlands -20 13 £431 -4.17% 10
North West -16 12 £450 +5.88% 19
North East +22 9 £325 -21.21% 8
East Midlands +19 3 £345 -5.15% 7
WebDriver
UK

For the 6 months to 20 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing WebDriver also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for WebDriver.

1 294 (92.45%) Selenium
2 278 (87.42%) Test Automation
3 217 (68.24%) Agile Software Development
4 168 (52.83%) Cucumber
5 147 (46.23%) Java
6 121 (38.05%) C#
7 118 (37.11%) BDD
8 93 (29.25%) TDD
9 88 (27.67%) JavaScript
10 86 (27.04%) QA
11 82 (25.79%) Jenkins
12 79 (24.84%) DevOps
13 75 (23.58%) Scrum
14 68 (21.38%) Continuous Integration
15 67 (21.07%) JIRA
16 62 (19.50%) API Testing
17 61 (19.18%) JMeter
18 57 (17.92%) Regression Testing
19 55 (17.30%) SQL
20 52 (16.35%) Azure
20 52 (16.35%) .NET
21 51 (16.04%) SpecFlow
22 50 (15.72%) Performance Testing
23 48 (15.09%) Git (software)
23 48 (15.09%) Finance
24 47 (14.78%) Microsoft
25 46 (14.47%) Web Services
26 45 (14.15%) SDET
27 43 (13.52%) Docker
28 41 (12.89%) Microservices

WebDriver
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (10.06%) Confluence
2 5 (1.57%) Elasticsearch
3 4 (1.26%) OpenEdge
4 3 (0.94%) WebSphere
5 2 (0.63%) Apache
5 2 (0.63%) Apache Spark
5 2 (0.63%) Jetty
5 2 (0.63%) Mule
5 2 (0.63%) Mule ESB
5 2 (0.63%) Tomcat
6 1 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
6 1 (0.31%) CMS
6 1 (0.31%) nginx
Applications
1 1 (0.31%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.31%) Magento
1 1 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
1 1 (0.31%) SAP IS-U
1 1 (0.31%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 52 (16.35%) Azure
2 30 (9.43%) AWS
3 13 (4.09%) Sauce Labs
4 11 (3.46%) GCP
5 10 (3.14%) GitHub
6 9 (2.83%) BrowserStack
7 8 (2.52%) BlazeMeter
8 4 (1.26%) Power Platform
9 3 (0.94%) Apigee
9 3 (0.94%) AWS Lambda
9 3 (0.94%) Dynamics 365
9 3 (0.94%) Slack
10 2 (0.63%) Amazon EC2
10 2 (0.63%) Amazon ELB
10 2 (0.63%) Amazon EMR
10 2 (0.63%) Amazon S3
10 2 (0.63%) Datadog
10 2 (0.63%) DigitalOcean
10 2 (0.63%) Serverless
10 2 (0.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 4 (1.26%) DSL
1 4 (1.26%) SSH
2 3 (0.94%) Intranet
3 1 (0.31%) BIG-IP
3 1 (0.31%) DNS
3 1 (0.31%) HTTP
3 1 (0.31%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 31 (9.75%) SQL Server
2 11 (3.46%) Big Data
3 10 (3.14%) PostgreSQL
4 9 (2.83%) Data Warehouse
5 4 (1.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 4 (1.26%) NoSQL
5 4 (1.26%) Power BI
5 4 (1.26%) Relational Database
5 4 (1.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
5 4 (1.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 3 (0.94%) Hadoop
6 3 (0.94%) MongoDB
7 2 (0.63%) Amazon RDS
7 2 (0.63%) Apache Hive
7 2 (0.63%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
7 2 (0.63%) BigQuery
7 2 (0.63%) Data Lake
7 2 (0.63%) Electronic Patient Records
7 2 (0.63%) Parquet
7 2 (0.63%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 294 (92.45%) Selenium
2 168 (52.83%) Cucumber
3 82 (25.79%) Jenkins
4 67 (21.07%) JIRA
5 61 (19.18%) JMeter
6 51 (16.04%) SpecFlow
7 48 (15.09%) Git (software)
8 41 (12.89%) Visual Studio
9 36 (11.32%) Appium
10 28 (8.81%) Protractor
11 26 (8.18%) SoapUI
11 26 (8.18%) Visual Studio Team System
12 25 (7.86%) Gatling
13 23 (7.23%) JUnit
13 23 (7.23%) TeamCity
14 19 (5.97%) Team Foundation Server
15 18 (5.66%) Mocha
16 15 (4.72%) Bitbucket
17 13 (4.09%) Jasmine
17 13 (4.09%) JBehave
General
1 48 (15.09%) Finance
2 19 (5.97%) Banking
3 14 (4.40%) Public Sector
4 12 (3.77%) Retail
5 8 (2.52%) Front Office
6 6 (1.89%) Telecoms
7 5 (1.57%) Manufacturing
8 4 (1.26%) Games
9 3 (0.94%) Advertising
10 2 (0.63%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.63%) Legal
10 2 (0.63%) Publishing
11 1 (0.31%) Back Office
11 1 (0.31%) Electronics
11 1 (0.31%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.31%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 81 (25.47%) Analyst
2 78 (24.53%) Test Analyst
3 72 (22.64%) Tester
4 55 (17.30%) Automation Tester
5 54 (16.98%) Automation Test Analyst
6 45 (14.15%) Developer
7 41 (12.89%) Test Engineer
8 35 (11.01%) Test Leader
9 30 (9.43%) Test Automation Engineer
10 24 (7.55%) Developer in Test
11 20 (6.29%) QA Engineer
12 17 (5.35%) Java Automation Tester
13 14 (4.40%) Selenium Automation Tester
13 14 (4.40%) Selenium Tester
14 12 (3.77%) Automation Engineer
15 11 (3.46%) QA Automation Engineer
15 11 (3.46%) Software Engineer
16 10 (3.14%) Automation Test Lead
16 10 (3.14%) Software Developer
17 8 (2.52%) JavaScript Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (16.35%) .NET
2 46 (14.47%) Web Services
3 41 (12.89%) HTML
4 37 (11.64%) CSS
4 37 (11.64%) RESTful
5 36 (11.32%) REST
6 34 (10.69%) Gherkin
7 31 (9.75%) SOAP
8 29 (9.12%) AngularJS
9 23 (7.23%) Node.js
10 19 (5.97%) Spring
10 19 (5.97%) WebdriverIO
11 13 (4.09%) HTML5
11 13 (4.09%) JSON
12 12 (3.77%) Jest
12 12 (3.77%) Nightwatchjs
13 11 (3.46%) Redux
14 9 (2.83%) React
15 8 (2.52%) .NET Core
16 6 (1.89%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 12 (3.77%) Analytical Skills
1 12 (3.77%) Mobile App
2 9 (2.83%) User Experience
3 8 (2.52%) Algorithms
3 8 (2.52%) Data Structures
3 8 (2.52%) Virtual Team
4 7 (2.20%) Greenfield Project
5 4 (1.26%) EPoS
5 4 (1.26%) Equities
5 4 (1.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 3 (0.94%) Life Science
6 3 (0.94%) NHS
6 3 (0.94%) Online Games
6 3 (0.94%) Robotics
6 3 (0.94%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (0.63%) DataPower
7 2 (0.63%) Handset
8 1 (0.31%) Derivative
8 1 (0.31%) STB
8 1 (0.31%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 21 (6.60%) Android
2 20 (6.29%) Apple iOS
2 20 (6.29%) Windows
3 12 (3.77%) Mac OS
4 9 (2.83%) Linux
5 6 (1.89%) Unix
6 2 (0.63%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.31%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.31%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 278 (87.42%) Test Automation
2 217 (68.24%) Agile Software Development
3 118 (37.11%) BDD
4 93 (29.25%) TDD
5 79 (24.84%) DevOps
6 75 (23.58%) Scrum
7 68 (21.38%) Continuous Integration
8 62 (19.50%) API Testing
9 57 (17.92%) Regression Testing
10 50 (15.72%) Performance Testing
11 45 (14.15%) SDET
12 41 (12.89%) Microservices
13 40 (12.58%) Manual Testing
14 37 (11.64%) Test Strategy
15 35 (11.01%) Test Scripting
16 28 (8.81%) Kanban
17 25 (7.86%) Integration Testing
17 25 (7.86%) Software Testing
18 23 (7.23%) ATDD
18 23 (7.23%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 147 (46.23%) Java
2 121 (38.05%) C#
3 88 (27.67%) JavaScript
4 55 (17.30%) SQL
5 27 (8.49%) Python
6 18 (5.66%) Java 8
7 15 (4.72%) TypeScript
8 14 (4.40%) Ruby
9 10 (3.14%) Scala
10 8 (2.52%) C++
10 8 (2.52%) Go
11 6 (1.89%) Apple Swift
11 6 (1.89%) Bash Shell
12 5 (1.57%) Groovy
12 5 (1.57%) PL/SQL
13 4 (1.26%) Kotlin
13 4 (1.26%) PowerShell
14 3 (0.94%) C
14 3 (0.94%) ES6
14 3 (0.94%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 30 (9.43%) ISTQB
2 20 (6.29%) ISEB
2 20 (6.29%) Security Cleared
3 13 (4.09%) SC Cleared
4 7 (2.20%) Degree
5 5 (1.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 4 (1.26%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 3 (0.94%) Computer Science Degree
8 2 (0.63%) BC Cleared
8 2 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.63%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.31%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 86 (27.04%) QA
2 2 (0.63%) GDPR
3 1 (0.31%) PMO
System Software
1 43 (13.52%) Docker
2 2 (0.63%) HDFS
3 1 (0.31%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 24 (7.55%) Kubernetes
2 8 (2.52%) HP Quality Center
3 4 (1.26%) Kibana
3 4 (1.26%) Terraform
4 3 (0.94%) logstash
5 2 (0.63%) Hadoop YARN
6 1 (0.31%) HAProxy
6 1 (0.31%) HockeyApp
6 1 (0.31%) Nessus
Vendors
1 47 (14.78%) Microsoft
2 16 (5.03%) Cypress Semiconductor
3 11 (3.46%) Google
4 10 (3.14%) hybris
5 9 (2.83%) Oracle
6 5 (1.57%) Atlassian
6 5 (1.57%) SAP
7 4 (1.26%) Splunk
8 3 (0.94%) IBM
8 3 (0.94%) Red Hat
9 2 (0.63%) ATG
9 2 (0.63%) Databricks
9 2 (0.63%) New Relic
9 2 (0.63%) ServiceNow
10 1 (0.31%) Apple
10 1 (0.31%) F5
10 1 (0.31%) Salesforce.com
10 1 (0.31%) webMethods
10 1 (0.31%) WorldPay
10 1 (0.31%) Xamarin