Period
to 21 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 21 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 29 55 48
Rank change year-on-year +26 -7 +23
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 806 483 698
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 7.23% 4.67% 5.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.84% 5.16% 5.63%
Number of salaries quoted 737 402 653
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -
10th Percentile £42,000 £38,750 £37,500
90th Percentile £96,250 £97,500 £90,000
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 10,275 9,361 12,387
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 92.13% 90.50% 91.47%
Number of salaries quoted 9,150 8,419 11,206
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £37,000 £35,500 £35,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £92,500 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the City of London

For the 6 months to 21 July 2018, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 381 (47.27%) Agile Software Development
2 328 (40.69%) Java
3 288 (35.73%) Finance
4 286 (35.48%) C#
5 280 (34.74%) SQL
6 263 (32.63%) .NET
7 251 (31.14%) JavaScript
8 189 (23.45%) Greenfield Project
9 187 (23.20%) TDD
10 184 (22.83%) AngularJS
11 169 (20.97%) Degree
12 158 (19.60%) CSS
13 147 (18.24%) Python
14 146 (18.11%) Microsoft
15 136 (16.87%) MVC
16 131 (16.25%) HTML
17 130 (16.13%) Microservices
18 127 (15.76%) DevOps
19 126 (15.63%) Amazon AWS
20 120 (14.89%) Computer Science
21 116 (14.39%) ASP.NET
22 115 (14.27%) Microsoft Azure
23 109 (13.52%) SQL Server
24 107 (13.28%) Git (software)
25 105 (13.03%) Fintech
26 97 (12.03%) OO
27 92 (11.41%) SDLC
27 92 (11.41%) RESTful
28 90 (11.17%) Scrum
29 88 (10.92%) Web Development

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (4.59%) Apache Spark
2 32 (3.97%) Elasticsearch
3 19 (2.36%) Apache
4 16 (1.99%) CMS
4 16 (1.99%) Ethereum
5 13 (1.61%) Mule
6 9 (1.12%) Anypoint
6 9 (1.12%) Tomcat
7 7 (0.87%) JBoss
8 6 (0.74%) NServiceBus
9 5 (0.62%) nginx
10 4 (0.50%) Confluence
10 4 (0.50%) Oracle Coherence
10 4 (0.50%) WebLogic
11 3 (0.37%) IIS
11 3 (0.37%) WebSphere
12 2 (0.25%) Drupal
12 2 (0.25%) Jetty
12 2 (0.25%) SharePoint
12 2 (0.25%) WordPress
Applications
1 25 (3.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (1.86%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.50%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.25%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.12%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 19 (2.36%) Distributed Ledger
2 14 (1.74%) Ripple
3 8 (0.99%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.50%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 2 (0.25%) RMDS
6 1 (0.12%) R3 Corda
6 1 (0.12%) SunGard GMI
Cloud Services
1 126 (15.63%) Amazon AWS
2 115 (14.27%) Microsoft Azure
3 23 (2.85%) SaaS
4 20 (2.48%) Serverless
5 19 (2.36%) IaaS
6 18 (2.23%) Google Cloud Platform
7 17 (2.11%) Azure Active Directory
8 16 (1.99%) AWS Lambda
9 14 (1.74%) PaaS
10 11 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
11 8 (0.99%) Cloud Computing
11 8 (0.99%) Dynamics 365
12 7 (0.87%) GitHub
13 5 (0.62%) Amazon S3
13 5 (0.62%) CloudFront
14 4 (0.50%) Loggly
14 4 (0.50%) Sumo Logic
15 3 (0.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 3 (0.37%) Heroku
16 2 (0.25%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 19 (2.36%) Internet
2 11 (1.36%) HTTP
3 5 (0.62%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.50%) Ethernet
4 4 (0.50%) FTP
5 2 (0.25%) DNS
5 2 (0.25%) FIX Connectivity
5 2 (0.25%) Multicast
5 2 (0.25%) Network Security
5 2 (0.25%) SSL
6 1 (0.12%) 802.11
6 1 (0.12%) AMQP
6 1 (0.12%) BGP
6 1 (0.12%) Broadband
6 1 (0.12%) HSRP
6 1 (0.12%) Intranet
6 1 (0.12%) MQTT
6 1 (0.12%) NAS
6 1 (0.12%) OSPF
6 1 (0.12%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (13.52%) SQL Server
2 60 (7.44%) NoSQL
3 50 (6.20%) MongoDB
4 46 (5.71%) MySQL
5 43 (5.33%) Big Data
6 38 (4.71%) Blockchain
7 29 (3.60%) Hadoop
8 23 (2.85%) Relational Database
9 20 (2.48%) Apache Cassandra
9 20 (2.48%) PostgreSQL
10 19 (2.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 19 (2.36%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 17 (2.11%) Azure SQL Database
12 11 (1.36%) Redis
13 10 (1.24%) Neo4j
14 8 (0.99%) SQL Server 2012
15 7 (0.87%) Amazon RDS
15 7 (0.87%) HBase
15 7 (0.87%) RDBMS
16 6 (0.74%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 107 (13.28%) Git (software)
2 60 (7.44%) Jenkins
3 40 (4.96%) Subversion
4 27 (3.35%) Visual Studio
5 25 (3.10%) NUnit
5 25 (3.10%) Team Foundation Server
6 24 (2.98%) Maven
7 19 (2.36%) MSBuild
8 18 (2.23%) webpack
9 17 (2.11%) CruiseControl
10 16 (1.99%) TeamCity
11 15 (1.86%) gulp
12 14 (1.74%) Selenium
13 13 (1.61%) Moq
14 12 (1.49%) Grunt
15 11 (1.36%) JUnit
15 11 (1.36%) MSTest
16 9 (1.12%) JIRA
16 9 (1.12%) Octopus Deploy
17 8 (0.99%) Jasmine
General
1 288 (35.73%) Finance
2 60 (7.44%) Banking
3 29 (3.60%) Front Office
4 25 (3.10%) Financial Institution
5 24 (2.98%) Law
6 20 (2.48%) Advertising
6 20 (2.48%) Games
7 18 (2.23%) Retail
8 17 (2.11%) Investment Banking
9 15 (1.86%) Marketing
10 9 (1.12%) Telecoms
11 7 (0.87%) Pharmaceutical
11 7 (0.87%) Publishing
12 6 (0.74%) Legal
13 3 (0.37%) Multimedia
13 3 (0.37%) Music Industry
13 3 (0.37%) Retail Banking
14 2 (0.25%) Automotive
14 2 (0.25%) Back Office
14 2 (0.25%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 415 (51.49%) Developer
2 243 (30.15%) Software Engineer
3 125 (15.51%) Java Developer
4 117 (14.52%) C# Developer
5 107 (13.28%) .NET Developer
6 87 (10.79%) C# .NET Developer
7 78 (9.68%) Senior Developer
8 75 (9.31%) Java Engineer
9 71 (8.81%) Senior Software Engineer
10 66 (8.19%) C# Software Engineer
11 64 (7.94%) Java Software Engineer
12 59 (7.32%) .NET Software Engineer
13 48 (5.96%) Developer/Software Engineer
14 44 (5.46%) Angular Developer
14 44 (5.46%) Graduate
14 44 (5.46%) Software Developer
15 43 (5.33%) Full Stack Developer
16 33 (4.09%) .NET Software Developer
16 33 (4.09%) Python Developer
17 32 (3.97%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 263 (32.63%) .NET
2 184 (22.83%) AngularJS
3 158 (19.60%) CSS
4 131 (16.25%) HTML
5 116 (14.39%) ASP.NET
6 92 (11.41%) RESTful
7 86 (10.67%) ASP.NET Web API
8 84 (10.42%) REST
9 83 (10.30%) Web Services
10 80 (9.93%) React
11 71 (8.81%) Spring
12 64 (7.94%) Node.js
13 62 (7.69%) .NET Core
14 58 (7.20%) HTML5
15 46 (5.71%) jQuery
16 41 (5.09%) ASP.NET MVC
17 40 (4.96%) RabbitMQ
17 40 (4.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 38 (4.71%) WCF
19 36 (4.47%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 189 (23.45%) Greenfield Project
2 120 (14.89%) Computer Science
3 105 (13.03%) Fintech
4 63 (7.82%) Analytical Skills
5 46 (5.71%) Algorithms
5 46 (5.71%) User Experience
6 38 (4.71%) Mobile App
7 35 (4.34%) Enterprise Software
8 31 (3.85%) Data Structures
8 31 (3.85%) Management Information System
9 26 (3.23%) Hedge funds
10 23 (2.85%) Derivative
11 21 (2.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 19 (2.36%) Bitcoin
13 18 (2.23%) Xbox
14 16 (1.99%) Fixed Income
15 15 (1.86%) Digital Currency
16 13 (1.61%) Equities
16 13 (1.61%) Market Risk
17 11 (1.36%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 85 (10.55%) Linux
2 51 (6.33%) Windows
3 20 (2.48%) Unix
4 18 (2.23%) VMS
5 8 (0.99%) Android
6 6 (0.74%) Apple iOS
7 3 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.25%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.12%) CentOS
9 1 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
9 1 (0.12%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.12%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 381 (47.27%) Agile Software Development
2 187 (23.20%) TDD
3 136 (16.87%) MVC
4 130 (16.13%) Microservices
5 127 (15.76%) DevOps
6 97 (12.03%) OO
7 92 (11.41%) SDLC
8 90 (11.17%) Scrum
9 88 (10.92%) Web Development
10 85 (10.55%) Continuous Integration
11 75 (9.31%) Test Automation
12 72 (8.93%) Problem-Solving
13 71 (8.81%) BDD
14 64 (7.94%) Analytics
15 61 (7.57%) Mentoring
16 59 (7.32%) Machine Learning
17 55 (6.82%) Unit Testing
18 53 (6.58%) Mathematics
19 52 (6.45%) Open Source
20 51 (6.33%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 328 (40.69%) Java
2 286 (35.48%) C#
3 280 (34.74%) SQL
4 251 (31.14%) JavaScript
5 147 (18.24%) Python
6 76 (9.43%) Java 8
7 62 (7.69%) Scala
8 61 (7.57%) C++
9 57 (7.07%) T-SQL
10 52 (6.45%) PHP
11 40 (4.96%) Ruby
12 25 (3.10%) Go
13 19 (2.36%) Perl
14 18 (2.23%) C
15 17 (2.11%) Groovy
16 16 (1.99%) Bash Shell
17 15 (1.86%) TypeScript
18 14 (1.74%) ES6
18 14 (1.74%) Kotlin
19 10 (1.24%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 169 (20.97%) Degree
2 30 (3.72%) PhD
3 27 (3.35%) Computer Science Degree
4 9 (1.12%) Security Cleared
5 6 (0.74%) CISSP
5 6 (0.74%) SC Cleared
6 3 (0.37%) ISTQB
6 3 (0.37%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.25%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.25%) MBA
7 2 (0.25%) PMI Certification
7 2 (0.25%) PMP
8 1 (0.12%) CCIE
8 1 (0.12%) CCNP
8 1 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.12%) GCIA
8 1 (0.12%) GCIH
8 1 (0.12%) ISEB
8 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.12%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (6.20%) QA
2 8 (0.99%) GCP
3 6 (0.74%) MiFID
4 5 (0.62%) EMIR
5 4 (0.50%) Dodd-Frank
6 3 (0.37%) GDPR
7 2 (0.25%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.12%) FATCA
8 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.12%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 87 (10.79%) Docker
2 18 (2.23%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.25%) HDFS
3 2 (0.25%) LXC
3 2 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.12%) ACF2
4 1 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.12%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.12%) RACF
4 1 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (0.12%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 28 (3.47%) Ansible
2 27 (3.35%) Kubernetes
3 26 (3.23%) Terraform
4 20 (2.48%) Puppet
5 13 (1.61%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (0.74%) Mesos
6 6 (0.74%) Prometheus
7 5 (0.62%) Consul
8 4 (0.50%) Nagios
8 4 (0.50%) ZABBIX
9 3 (0.37%) logstash
10 2 (0.25%) Cobbler
10 2 (0.25%) cPanel
10 2 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
10 2 (0.25%) HP ALM
10 2 (0.25%) NetBackup
10 2 (0.25%) Oozie
10 2 (0.25%) Packer
10 2 (0.25%) Rancher
10 2 (0.25%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 146 (18.11%) Microsoft
2 48 (5.96%) Oracle
3 34 (4.22%) Google
4 9 (1.12%) MuleSoft
4 9 (1.12%) New Relic
5 8 (0.99%) Splunk
5 8 (0.99%) VMware
6 7 (0.87%) Atlassian
6 7 (0.87%) TIBCO
7 6 (0.74%) Cloudera
7 6 (0.74%) Hortonworks
7 6 (0.74%) hybris
7 6 (0.74%) IBM
7 6 (0.74%) MapR
8 5 (0.62%) Sybase
9 4 (0.50%) Apple
9 4 (0.50%) Ariba
9 4 (0.50%) Cisco
9 4 (0.50%) Salesforce.com
9 4 (0.50%) SAP