Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
Central London > City of London
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 19 25 36
Rank change year-on-year +6 +11 -3
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 657 341 684
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 11.15% 8.97% 6.77%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.81% 9.50% 7.22%
Number of salaries quoted 596 298 575
10th Percentile £46,250 £52,500 £47,500
25th Percentile £60,938 £60,000 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £75,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
75th Percentile £96,500 £90,000 £92,500
90th Percentile £115,000 £100,000 £112,500
Central London median annual salary £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +7.41%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,565 3,591 9,480
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 94.42% 94.43% 93.82%
Number of salaries quoted 4,970 3,124 8,397
10th Percentile £42,500 £44,650 £37,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £102,500 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the City of London

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering in the City of London over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the City of London

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 295 (44.90%) Agile Software Development
2 256 (38.96%) Java
3 238 (36.23%) AWS
4 225 (34.25%) DevOps
5 207 (31.51%) Docker
6 202 (30.75%) Kubernetes
7 198 (30.14%) Python
8 196 (29.83%) C#
9 192 (29.22%) Azure
10 180 (27.40%) JavaScript
11 173 (26.33%) Microservices
12 170 (25.88%) Finance
13 139 (21.16%) React
14 138 (21.00%) .NET
15 133 (20.24%) Node.js
16 125 (19.03%) SQL Server
16 125 (19.03%) TDD
17 117 (17.81%) Analytics
17 117 (17.81%) Jenkins
18 112 (17.05%) Social Skills
19 101 (15.37%) GCP
19 101 (15.37%) Terraform
20 98 (14.92%) Serverless
21 91 (13.85%) SQL
22 90 (13.70%) Full Stack Development
23 84 (12.79%) NoSQL
24 82 (12.48%) Oracle
25 81 (12.33%) PostgreSQL
26 80 (12.18%) Degree
26 80 (12.18%) Mentoring

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (5.94%) Apache Spark
2 28 (4.26%) Confluence
3 15 (2.28%) SAS
4 14 (2.13%) Elasticsearch
5 13 (1.98%) Drupal
6 12 (1.83%) CMS
7 11 (1.67%) Apache Solr
8 9 (1.37%) nginx
9 5 (0.76%) IBM HTTP Server
10 3 (0.46%) Apache
11 2 (0.30%) Apache Airflow
11 2 (0.30%) Oracle Workflow
11 2 (0.30%) SharePoint
12 1 (0.15%) GlassFish
12 1 (0.15%) JBoss
12 1 (0.15%) Red Hat Fuse
12 1 (0.15%) WebSphere
Applications
1 13 (1.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.30%) Zeplin
3 1 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.30%) Hyperion Planning
1 2 (0.30%) NetSuite
2 1 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
Cloud Services
1 238 (36.23%) AWS
2 192 (29.22%) Azure
3 101 (15.37%) GCP
4 98 (14.92%) Serverless
5 38 (5.78%) SaaS
6 28 (4.26%) AWS CloudFormation
7 20 (3.04%) AWS Lambda
7 20 (3.04%) PaaS
8 18 (2.74%) Amazon EC2
8 18 (2.74%) Amazon EKS
9 15 (2.28%) Amazon ECS
10 14 (2.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 13 (1.98%) IaaS
12 12 (1.83%) npm
13 11 (1.67%) BrowserStack
14 10 (1.52%) Azure Functions
14 10 (1.52%) GitHub
15 8 (1.22%) Azure Service Bus
15 8 (1.22%) Power Platform
16 7 (1.07%) Azure Service Fabric
Communications & Networking
1 13 (1.98%) Internet
2 7 (1.07%) DNS
2 7 (1.07%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.30%) 3GPP
3 2 (0.30%) 4G
3 2 (0.30%) 5G
3 2 (0.30%) ASN.1
3 2 (0.30%) HTTP
3 2 (0.30%) LTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 125 (19.03%) SQL Server
2 84 (12.79%) NoSQL
3 81 (12.33%) PostgreSQL
4 72 (10.96%) MongoDB
5 61 (9.28%) Big Data
6 51 (7.76%) Relational Database
7 49 (7.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 34 (5.18%) Hadoop
9 24 (3.65%) Amazon Redshift
9 24 (3.65%) MySQL
10 20 (3.04%) Redis
10 20 (3.04%) Tableau
11 16 (2.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 15 (2.28%) BigQuery
13 14 (2.13%) SQL Server 2017
14 13 (1.98%) Azure SQL Database
15 11 (1.67%) Data Warehouse
15 11 (1.67%) SQL Server 2016
16 6 (0.91%) Amazon Aurora
17 5 (0.76%) SAS Visual Analytics
Development Applications
1 117 (17.81%) Jenkins
2 64 (9.74%) Git (software)
3 54 (8.22%) JIRA
4 53 (8.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 44 (6.70%) SonarQube
6 26 (3.96%) webpack
7 20 (3.04%) Cypress.io
8 19 (2.89%) CircleCI
9 17 (2.59%) GitLab
10 16 (2.44%) Spinnaker
11 11 (1.67%) Grunt
12 10 (1.52%) Bower
12 10 (1.52%) Cucumber
12 10 (1.52%) Postman
12 10 (1.52%) TeamCity
12 10 (1.52%) TestCafe
13 9 (1.37%) Bitbucket
13 9 (1.37%) Selenium
14 7 (1.07%) Jasmine
14 7 (1.07%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 170 (25.88%) Finance
2 112 (17.05%) Social Skills
3 45 (6.85%) Presentation Skills
4 43 (6.54%) Influencing Skills
5 38 (5.78%) Publishing
6 30 (4.57%) Banking
7 28 (4.26%) Front Office
8 27 (4.11%) Retail
9 26 (3.96%) Marketing
10 20 (3.04%) Games
11 16 (2.44%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 15 (2.28%) Telecoms
13 13 (1.98%) Investment Banking
14 11 (1.67%) Electronics
15 9 (1.37%) Law
16 8 (1.22%) Public Sector
17 6 (0.91%) Analytical Skills
18 5 (0.76%) Manufacturing
19 2 (0.30%) Financial Institution
19 2 (0.30%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 184 (28.01%) Developer
2 171 (26.03%) Software Engineer
3 74 (11.26%) Senior Software Engineer
4 53 (8.07%) Java Engineer
5 46 (7.00%) Technical Leader
6 45 (6.85%) DevOps Engineer
7 43 (6.54%) Senior Developer
8 35 (5.33%) Java Software Engineer
9 33 (5.02%) C# Developer
10 32 (4.87%) Java Developer
11 30 (4.57%) Big Data Engineer
11 30 (4.57%) Engineering Manager
12 27 (4.11%) Software Manager
13 23 (3.50%) AWS Engineer
14 22 (3.35%) Principal Engineer
15 21 (3.20%) Architect
16 20 (3.04%) Data Engineer
16 20 (3.04%) Software Developer
17 19 (2.89%) Data Analytics Engineer
17 19 (2.89%) Kubernetes Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 139 (21.16%) React
2 138 (21.00%) .NET
3 133 (20.24%) Node.js
4 79 (12.02%) AngularJS
5 67 (10.20%) Web Services
6 66 (10.05%) HTML
7 60 (9.13%) Kafka
8 59 (8.98%) .NET Core
8 59 (8.98%) CSS
9 54 (8.22%) Spring
10 46 (7.00%) OAuth
11 44 (6.70%) OAuth2
11 44 (6.70%) OpenID
12 39 (5.94%) Spring Boot
13 33 (5.02%) HTML5
14 29 (4.41%) .NET Framework
15 23 (3.50%) RESTful
16 21 (3.20%) CSS3
16 21 (3.20%) RabbitMQ
17 20 (3.04%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 44 (6.70%) Greenfield Project
2 35 (5.33%) User Experience
3 28 (4.26%) Mobile App
4 20 (3.04%) Legacy Code
5 15 (2.28%) Data Structures
6 14 (2.13%) Data Centre
7 12 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
8 11 (1.67%) Algorithms
8 11 (1.67%) Derivative
8 11 (1.67%) Legacy Systems
9 9 (1.37%) Cloud Native
9 9 (1.37%) Internet of Things
10 8 (1.22%) Social Media
10 8 (1.22%) Virtual Team
11 7 (1.07%) Client/Server
12 6 (0.91%) Blog
13 5 (0.76%) Clustering
13 5 (0.76%) Spread Betting
14 4 (0.61%) Enterprise Storage
14 4 (0.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 40 (6.09%) Linux
2 22 (3.35%) Unix
3 14 (2.13%) Apple iOS
4 13 (1.98%) Android
4 13 (1.98%) Ubuntu
5 9 (1.37%) CoreOS
6 3 (0.46%) Windows
7 2 (0.30%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.15%) Solaris
8 1 (0.15%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 295 (44.90%) Agile Software Development
2 225 (34.25%) DevOps
3 173 (26.33%) Microservices
4 125 (19.03%) TDD
5 117 (17.81%) Analytics
6 90 (13.70%) Full Stack Development
7 80 (12.18%) Coaching
7 80 (12.18%) Mentoring
8 79 (12.02%) Scrum
9 77 (11.72%) Fintech
10 74 (11.26%) Test Automation
11 71 (10.81%) Event-Driven
12 69 (10.50%) Infrastructure as Code
13 61 (9.28%) Technical Leadership
14 56 (8.52%) OWASP
15 54 (8.22%) Continuous Integration
16 52 (7.91%) Event-Driven Architecture
16 52 (7.91%) Requirements Gathering
16 52 (7.91%) UML
17 49 (7.46%) Strategic Roadmap
Programming Languages
1 256 (38.96%) Java
2 198 (30.14%) Python
3 196 (29.83%) C#
4 180 (27.40%) JavaScript
5 91 (13.85%) SQL
6 79 (12.02%) TypeScript
7 76 (11.57%) C++
8 64 (9.74%) Go
9 46 (7.00%) Scala
10 29 (4.41%) Kotlin
11 21 (3.20%) ES6
12 17 (2.59%) Java 8
12 17 (2.59%) PHP
13 14 (2.13%) R
13 14 (2.13%) Ruby
14 11 (1.67%) Bash Shell
15 10 (1.52%) Perl
16 9 (1.37%) PowerShell
17 7 (1.07%) C
17 7 (1.07%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 80 (12.18%) Degree
2 50 (7.61%) Master's Degree
3 15 (2.28%) AWS Certification
4 11 (1.67%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (1.22%) Security Cleared
6 7 (1.07%) SC Cleared
7 6 (0.91%) SAS Certification
8 4 (0.61%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
9 2 (0.30%) PhD
10 1 (0.15%) CCNA
10 1 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.15%) CISSP
10 1 (0.15%) CSSLP
10 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 74 (11.26%) QA
2 51 (7.76%) GDPR
3 8 (1.22%) Accessibility
4 3 (0.46%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 207 (31.51%) Docker
2 5 (0.76%) HDFS
3 3 (0.46%) OpenAM
3 3 (0.46%) OpenDJ
4 2 (0.30%) LXC
5 1 (0.15%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.15%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 202 (30.75%) Kubernetes
2 101 (15.37%) Terraform
3 27 (4.11%) Ansible
4 18 (2.74%) Grafana
4 18 (2.74%) Prometheus
5 6 (0.91%) Puppet
6 5 (0.76%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.46%) Control-M
8 2 (0.30%) Jamf Pro
9 1 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.15%) Opsgenie
Vendors
1 82 (12.48%) Oracle
2 62 (9.44%) Microsoft
3 21 (3.20%) Google
4 9 (1.37%) Cloudera
4 9 (1.37%) Xamarin
5 7 (1.07%) Alteryx
6 6 (0.91%) Informatica
6 6 (0.91%) Salesforce.com
7 5 (0.76%) Talend
8 4 (0.61%) Teradata
9 3 (0.46%) Charles River
9 3 (0.46%) DataFlux
9 3 (0.46%) Facebook
9 3 (0.46%) ForgeRock
9 3 (0.46%) Splunk
10 2 (0.30%) Databricks
10 2 (0.30%) Hyperion
10 2 (0.30%) New Relic
10 2 (0.30%) Okta
10 2 (0.30%) Veracode