Period
to 27 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ethical Hacking skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 27 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ethical Hacking
UK
6 months to
27 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 912 673 870
Rank change year-on-year -239 +197 +76
Permanent jobs citing Ethical Hacking 144 53 200
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.11% 0.097% 0.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.12% 0.10% 0.16%
Number of salaries quoted 122 36 146
10th Percentile £41,250 £43,375 £40,625
25th Percentile £51,250 £57,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £80,000 £95,000 £68,438
90th Percentile £95,000 £97,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - +9.09% +7.32%

Ethical Hacking is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 121,509 50,792 125,526
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.33% 92.87% 92.58%
Number of salaries quoted 80,687 42,632 100,664
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +2.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -

Ethical Hacking
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ethical Hacking as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Ethical Hacking.

Salary trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 27 November 2021.

Salary histogram for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking within the UK over the 6 months to 27 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -206 131 £65,000 +4.00% 25
UK excluding London -192 69 £60,000 - 19
London -232 53 £65,000 -27.78% 9
South East -116 46 £60,000 -4.00% 6
Work from Home -202 33 £65,000 -27.78% 6
North of England -113 8 £65,000 +2.36% 2
Midlands -102 7 £60,000 +9.09% 6
West Midlands -104 7 £60,000 +9.09% 6
North West -91 4 £67,500 +6.30%
Yorkshire - 4 £32,000 - 2
Scotland -75 3 £49,000 -
Northern Ireland - 3 £25,000 - 2
South West -78 2 £48,750 -25.00%

For the 6 months to 27 November 2021, IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ethical Hacking.

1 89 (61.81%) Cybersecurity
2 53 (36.81%) Information Security
3 46 (31.94%) Penetration Testing
4 45 (31.25%) Firewall
4 45 (31.25%) CISSP
5 43 (29.86%) Social Skills
6 40 (27.78%) CEH
7 34 (23.61%) Network Security
8 33 (22.92%) Vulnerability Scanning
9 32 (22.22%) Vulnerability Management
10 28 (19.44%) Nessus
11 27 (18.75%) SIEM
11 27 (18.75%) Security Architecture
12 26 (18.06%) Management Information System
13 25 (17.36%) Python
13 25 (17.36%) Security Operations
14 24 (16.67%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
14 24 (16.67%) Threat Intelligence
15 23 (15.97%) Finance
16 22 (15.28%) Cyber Intelligence
17 21 (14.58%) GCP
17 21 (14.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
18 20 (13.89%) Security Testing
18 20 (13.89%) Azure
18 20 (13.89%) Cyberthreat
19 19 (13.19%) CISM
19 19 (13.19%) Stakeholder Management
20 18 (12.50%) Microsoft
20 18 (12.50%) HTTP
20 18 (12.50%) TCP/IP

Ethical Hacking
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 4 (2.78%) Confluence
2 1 (0.69%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 6 (4.17%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 1 (0.69%) Salesforce.com CRM
1 1 (0.69%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 21 (14.58%) GCP
2 20 (13.89%) Azure
3 15 (10.42%) AWS
3 15 (10.42%) Google App Engine
4 9 (6.25%) Cloud Computing
5 5 (3.47%) Microsoft 365
6 1 (0.69%) Azure Sentinel
6 1 (0.69%) Dropbox
6 1 (0.69%) IaaS
6 1 (0.69%) PaaS
6 1 (0.69%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 45 (31.25%) Firewall
2 34 (23.61%) Network Security
3 18 (12.50%) HTTP
3 18 (12.50%) TCP/IP
4 13 (9.03%) SMTP
4 13 (9.03%) Wireless
5 10 (6.94%) Intrusion Detection
6 7 (4.86%) SCCP
7 6 (4.17%) VPN
8 5 (3.47%) HTTPS
8 5 (3.47%) IPsec
9 4 (2.78%) Internet
9 4 (2.78%) Kerberos
9 4 (2.78%) LAN
9 4 (2.78%) NNTP
9 4 (2.78%) SSL
9 4 (2.78%) WAN
9 4 (2.78%) X.509
10 3 (2.08%) Wireless Security
11 1 (0.69%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (10.42%) BigQuery
2 4 (2.78%) DB2
3 3 (2.08%) MySQL
3 3 (2.08%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 15 (10.42%) GitLab
2 10 (6.94%) Git (software)
3 9 (6.25%) Burp Suite
4 2 (1.39%) SonarQube
5 1 (0.69%) Metasploit
General
1 43 (29.86%) Social Skills
2 23 (15.97%) Finance
3 14 (9.72%) Telecoms
4 11 (7.64%) Manufacturing
5 8 (5.56%) Public Sector
6 7 (4.86%) Analytical Skills
6 7 (4.86%) Electronics
6 7 (4.86%) Marketing
6 7 (4.86%) Military
7 6 (4.17%) German Language
8 4 (2.78%) Law
9 2 (1.39%) Automotive
9 2 (1.39%) Presentation Skills
9 2 (1.39%) Retail
10 1 (0.69%) Banking
10 1 (0.69%) Documentation Skills
10 1 (0.69%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.69%) Investment Banking
10 1 (0.69%) Legal
10 1 (0.69%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 35 (24.31%) Analyst
2 31 (21.53%) Security Engineer
3 28 (19.44%) Security Analyst
4 22 (15.28%) Cybersecurity Engineer
5 21 (14.58%) Tester
6 19 (13.19%) Consultant
7 18 (12.50%) Security Consultant
8 17 (11.81%) Penetration Tester
9 16 (11.11%) DevOps Engineer
10 10 (6.94%) IT Analyst
10 10 (6.94%) IT Security Analyst
11 7 (4.86%) Cybersecurity Analyst
11 7 (4.86%) SOC Analyst
12 5 (3.47%) Product Engineer
12 5 (3.47%) Senior Analyst
12 5 (3.47%) Vulnerability Analyst
12 5 (3.47%) Vulnerability Management Analyst
13 4 (2.78%) Cloud Engineer
13 4 (2.78%) Cybersecurity Consultant
13 4 (2.78%) Security Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5 (3.47%) Middleware
2 4 (2.78%) LDAP
2 4 (2.78%) SAML
3 2 (1.39%) .NET
3 2 (1.39%) Node.js
3 2 (1.39%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 26 (18.06%) Management Information System
2 20 (13.89%) Cyberthreat
3 12 (8.33%) Data Protection Act
4 11 (7.64%) SCADA
5 9 (6.25%) Mobile App
6 8 (5.56%) PKI
7 5 (3.47%) iSeries
7 5 (3.47%) Security Operations Centre
7 5 (3.47%) Self-Motivation
8 4 (2.78%) Mainframe
9 3 (2.08%) Cybercrime
9 3 (2.08%) Greenfield Project
10 2 (1.39%) Cyberattack
11 1 (0.69%) Enterprise Software
11 1 (0.69%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 13 (9.03%) Linux
2 12 (8.33%) Windows
3 7 (4.86%) Unix
4 5 (3.47%) Solaris
5 4 (2.78%) AIX
5 4 (2.78%) zOS
6 1 (0.69%) Android
6 1 (0.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.69%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 89 (61.81%) Cybersecurity
2 53 (36.81%) Information Security
3 46 (31.94%) Penetration Testing
4 33 (22.92%) Vulnerability Scanning
5 32 (22.22%) Vulnerability Management
6 27 (18.75%) Security Architecture
6 27 (18.75%) SIEM
7 25 (17.36%) Security Operations
8 24 (16.67%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
8 24 (16.67%) Threat Intelligence
9 22 (15.28%) Cyber Intelligence
10 20 (13.89%) Security Testing
11 19 (13.19%) Stakeholder Management
12 18 (12.50%) ITIL
13 17 (11.81%) DevOps
13 17 (11.81%) IT Strategy
14 16 (11.11%) Identity Access Management
14 16 (11.11%) Line Management
14 16 (11.11%) Security Monitoring
15 15 (10.42%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 25 (17.36%) Python
2 15 (10.42%) Go
3 7 (4.86%) C
3 7 (4.86%) SQL
4 5 (3.47%) Bash Shell
5 3 (2.08%) C++
5 3 (2.08%) Java
5 3 (2.08%) PowerShell
6 2 (1.39%) Assembly Language
6 2 (1.39%) C#
6 2 (1.39%) Objective-C
6 2 (1.39%) Perl
7 1 (0.69%) Bicep
7 1 (0.69%) JavaScript
Qualifications
1 45 (31.25%) CISSP
2 40 (27.78%) CEH
3 19 (13.19%) CISM
4 18 (12.50%) Degree
5 17 (11.81%) CompTIA Security+
6 10 (6.94%) SC Cleared
6 10 (6.94%) Security Cleared
7 9 (6.25%) SANS
8 7 (4.86%) OSCP
9 6 (4.17%) CISA
9 6 (4.17%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (4.17%) CREST Certified
10 5 (3.47%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 3 (2.08%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (2.08%) CISMP
11 3 (2.08%) ISACA
12 2 (1.39%) Computer Science Degree
12 2 (1.39%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
12 2 (1.39%) OSCE
13 1 (0.69%) ECSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (14.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 17 (11.81%) NCSC
3 16 (11.11%) GDPR
4 13 (9.03%) JSP 440
5 8 (5.56%) Cyber Essentials
5 8 (5.56%) NIST
6 7 (4.86%) RMADS
7 5 (3.47%) HIPAA
7 5 (3.47%) QA
8 4 (2.78%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 3 (2.08%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.69%) GLBA
10 1 (0.69%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.69%) PA-DSS
10 1 (0.69%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.69%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 7 (4.86%) BitLocker
2 5 (3.47%) VMware ESXi
2 5 (3.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 4 (2.78%) Active Directory
3 4 (2.78%) OpenAM
3 4 (2.78%) OpenIDM
3 4 (2.78%) RACF
4 1 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 28 (19.44%) Nessus
2 17 (11.81%) Kubernetes
3 6 (4.17%) Ansible
4 4 (2.78%) CA Single Sign-On
4 4 (2.78%) Oracle Identity Management
4 4 (2.78%) Single Sign-On
4 4 (2.78%) Terraform
5 2 (1.39%) Nmap
6 1 (0.69%) QRadar
Vendors
1 18 (12.50%) Microsoft
2 15 (10.42%) Google
3 12 (8.33%) Qualys
4 8 (5.56%) SAP
5 7 (4.86%) AlienVault
5 7 (4.86%) Cisco
6 6 (4.17%) CyberArk
7 5 (3.47%) Rapid7
7 5 (3.47%) VMware
8 4 (2.78%) Apple
8 4 (2.78%) CA
8 4 (2.78%) Cognizant
8 4 (2.78%) ForgeRock
8 4 (2.78%) McAfee
8 4 (2.78%) Oracle
8 4 (2.78%) Veracode
9 3 (2.08%) Splunk
9 3 (2.08%) TOWER Software
10 2 (1.39%) ArcSight
11 1 (0.69%) Varonis