Period
to 24 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ethical Hacking skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 24 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ethical Hacking
UK
6 months to
24 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 838 843 892
Rank change year-on-year +5 +49 -32
Permanent jobs citing Ethical Hacking 255 344 259
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.18% 0.20% 0.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.19% 0.22% 0.17%
Number of salaries quoted 184 263 198
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - -4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £40,500 £37,500 £34,850
90th Percentile £77,500 £100,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +14.29% -0.47%

Ethical Hacking is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 133,252 158,348 154,932
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.75% 91.83% 91.49%
Number of salaries quoted 104,246 127,450 127,097
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,250 £27,790
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Ethical Hacking
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ethical Hacking as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking.

Salary trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 24 May 2019.

Salary histogram for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 232 £60,000 - 6
UK excluding London +25 144 £60,000 - 4
London +18 90 £62,500 -8.09% 2
East of England +118 47 £75,000 -11.24%
South East -34 38 £60,000 -1.23%
Midlands +34 20 £60,000 -2.04%
South West +23 20 £45,000 - 2
North of England +22 20 £62,500 +25.00% 2
West Midlands +20 19 £60,000 -
Yorkshire +6 12 £67,500 +58.82% 1
North West +11 8 £62,500 +11.11% 1
East Midlands +39 5 £60,000 -4.00%
Wales +9 2 £48,000 +31.83%
Scotland +9 1 £42,500 +6.25%

For the 6 months to 24 May 2019, IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ethical Hacking.

1 153 (60.00%) Cybersecurity
2 145 (56.86%) Penetration Testing
3 119 (46.67%) Information Security
4 105 (41.18%) CISSP
5 95 (37.25%) Windows
6 79 (30.98%) SIEM
7 75 (29.41%) CEH
8 73 (28.63%) Security Testing
9 70 (27.45%) Linux
10 68 (26.67%) Firewall
11 64 (25.10%) CREST Certified
12 57 (22.35%) Cisco Certification
13 54 (21.18%) Risk Management
14 53 (20.78%) PCI DSS
15 52 (20.39%) Security Cleared
16 51 (20.00%) Security Architecture
17 49 (19.22%) Identity Access Management
18 48 (18.82%) Finance
18 48 (18.82%) Security Operations
19 47 (18.43%) Management Information System
20 46 (18.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
21 42 (16.47%) Degree
21 42 (16.47%) OWASP
22 40 (15.69%) Mobile App
23 39 (15.29%) Amazon AWS
23 39 (15.29%) IT Governance
23 39 (15.29%) Python
24 37 (14.51%) CCNA
24 37 (14.51%) OSCP
25 36 (14.12%) API Testing

Ethical Hacking
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (1.96%) Apache Spark
1 5 (1.96%) Elasticsearch
1 5 (1.96%) OpenStack
2 3 (1.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 3 (1.18%) WebSphere
2 3 (1.18%) WebSphere Application Server
3 1 (0.39%) Apache
3 1 (0.39%) Apache Pig
3 1 (0.39%) IIS
3 1 (0.39%) MS Exchange
3 1 (0.39%) nginx
3 1 (0.39%) Skype for Business
Cloud Services
1 39 (15.29%) Amazon AWS
2 23 (9.02%) Microsoft Azure
3 13 (5.10%) SaaS
4 11 (4.31%) Google Cloud Platform
5 5 (1.96%) OpenShift
6 1 (0.39%) Azure Active Directory
6 1 (0.39%) IaaS
6 1 (0.39%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 68 (26.67%) Firewall
2 29 (11.37%) TCP/IP
3 23 (9.02%) HTTPS
4 22 (8.63%) Intrusion Detection
5 21 (8.24%) Network Security
6 20 (7.84%) HTTP
7 17 (6.67%) Internet
7 17 (6.67%) IPsec
8 15 (5.88%) Intranet
9 14 (5.49%) DNS
10 11 (4.31%) VPN
10 11 (4.31%) WAN
11 10 (3.92%) LAN
12 8 (3.14%) DHCP
12 8 (3.14%) Wireless
13 5 (1.96%) NetScaler
13 5 (1.96%) Software-Defined Networking
13 5 (1.96%) VLAN
14 3 (1.18%) SCCP
15 2 (0.78%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (9.41%) SQL Server
2 21 (8.24%) MySQL
3 13 (5.10%) Big Data
4 4 (1.57%) Hadoop
5 3 (1.18%) Amazon Aurora
5 3 (1.18%) Amazon RDS
5 3 (1.18%) Data Mining
5 3 (1.18%) DB2
6 1 (0.39%) Apache Hive
6 1 (0.39%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 21 (8.24%) JIRA
2 18 (7.06%) Git (software)
3 12 (4.71%) Appium
4 10 (3.92%) Metasploit
5 9 (3.53%) Bitbucket
5 9 (3.53%) Calabash
5 9 (3.53%) Cucumber
5 9 (3.53%) Gatling
5 9 (3.53%) git-flow
5 9 (3.53%) JMeter
5 9 (3.53%) Xcode
6 7 (2.75%) Selenium
7 6 (2.35%) Burp Suite
8 4 (1.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 4 (1.57%) Bitbucket Server
8 4 (1.57%) CodeSonar
8 4 (1.57%) Robot Framework
9 3 (1.18%) GoCD
10 1 (0.39%) JUnit
10 1 (0.39%) Subversion
General
1 48 (18.82%) Finance
2 22 (8.63%) Retail
3 8 (3.14%) Financial Institution
4 5 (1.96%) Military
5 4 (1.57%) Banking
5 4 (1.57%) Electronics
5 4 (1.57%) Manufacturing
5 4 (1.57%) Marketing
5 4 (1.57%) Telecoms
6 3 (1.18%) Legal
6 3 (1.18%) Pharmaceutical
7 2 (0.78%) Advertising
7 2 (0.78%) Law
8 1 (0.39%) Games
Job Titles
1 69 (27.06%) Tester
2 68 (26.67%) Penetration Tester
3 56 (21.96%) Security Engineer
4 49 (19.22%) Senior Penetration Tester
4 49 (19.22%) Senior Tester
5 43 (16.86%) Analyst
6 41 (16.08%) Security Analyst
7 29 (11.37%) Consultant
8 25 (9.80%) Cybersecurity Engineer
9 19 (7.45%) Security Consultant
10 14 (5.49%) Security Tester
11 13 (5.10%) Information Analyst
11 13 (5.10%) Information Security Analyst
11 13 (5.10%) Security Penetration Tester
12 9 (3.53%) Senior Test Automation Engineer
12 9 (3.53%) Senior Test Engineer
12 9 (3.53%) Test Automation Engineer
12 9 (3.53%) Test Engineer
13 8 (3.14%) Cybersecurity Analyst
13 8 (3.14%) Information Security Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (5.49%) CSS
1 14 (5.49%) HTML
1 14 (5.49%) Web Services
2 12 (4.71%) XML
3 10 (3.92%) .NET
3 10 (3.92%) ASP.NET
4 9 (3.53%) Gherkin
4 9 (3.53%) Jest
4 9 (3.53%) Node.js
4 9 (3.53%) REST
4 9 (3.53%) Spring MVC
5 7 (2.75%) Java EE
5 7 (2.75%) Spring
6 5 (1.96%) AngularJS
6 5 (1.96%) GraphQL
6 5 (1.96%) Kafka
6 5 (1.96%) React
6 5 (1.96%) Vue.js
7 4 (1.57%) Django
7 4 (1.57%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 47 (18.43%) Management Information System
2 40 (15.69%) Mobile App
3 20 (7.84%) Cyberattack
3 20 (7.84%) Cyberthreat
4 18 (7.06%) Cyber Kill Chain
5 17 (6.67%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 15 (5.88%) Analytical Skills
7 14 (5.49%) Virtual Team
8 12 (4.71%) Linux Command Line
8 12 (4.71%) Social Media
9 8 (3.14%) Data Centre
9 8 (3.14%) PKI
10 6 (2.35%) Cyber Defence
10 6 (2.35%) Cybercrime
10 6 (2.35%) Hybrid Cloud
10 6 (2.35%) Security Operations Centre
10 6 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
11 4 (1.57%) Data Protection Act
12 3 (1.18%) Mainframe
12 3 (1.18%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 95 (37.25%) Windows
2 70 (27.45%) Linux
3 29 (11.37%) Unix
4 19 (7.45%) Apple iOS
5 10 (3.92%) Android
6 7 (2.75%) Windows 7
6 7 (2.75%) Windows Server
7 6 (2.35%) Windows Server 2008
7 6 (2.35%) Windows Server 2012
8 5 (1.96%) Mac OS X
8 5 (1.96%) Windows Server 2003
9 4 (1.57%) Kali Linux
10 2 (0.78%) CentOS
10 2 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.78%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.39%) Debian
11 1 (0.39%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 153 (60.00%) Cybersecurity
2 145 (56.86%) Penetration Testing
3 119 (46.67%) Information Security
4 79 (30.98%) SIEM
5 73 (28.63%) Security Testing
6 54 (21.18%) Risk Management
7 51 (20.00%) Security Architecture
8 49 (19.22%) Identity Access Management
9 48 (18.82%) Security Operations
10 42 (16.47%) OWASP
11 39 (15.29%) IT Governance
12 36 (14.12%) API Testing
13 34 (13.33%) Service Delivery
14 33 (12.94%) Business Development
14 33 (12.94%) Cyber Resilience
14 33 (12.94%) DevOps
14 33 (12.94%) Secure Coding
15 31 (12.16%) Agile Software Development
16 28 (10.98%) Data Protection
16 28 (10.98%) Threat Modelling
Programming Languages
1 39 (15.29%) Python
2 35 (13.73%) Java
3 26 (10.20%) JavaScript
4 15 (5.88%) PHP
5 12 (4.71%) C
5 12 (4.71%) C++
5 12 (4.71%) PowerShell
6 9 (3.53%) Apple Swift
7 7 (2.75%) C#
7 7 (2.75%) Ruby
8 6 (2.35%) Bash Shell
9 5 (1.96%) Objective-C
9 5 (1.96%) Perl
9 5 (1.96%) SQL
10 3 (1.18%) PL/SQL
11 1 (0.39%) Assembly Language
Qualifications
1 105 (41.18%) CISSP
2 75 (29.41%) CEH
3 64 (25.10%) CREST Certified
4 57 (22.35%) Cisco Certification
5 52 (20.39%) Security Cleared
6 42 (16.47%) Degree
7 37 (14.51%) CCNA
7 37 (14.51%) OSCP
8 27 (10.59%) Microsoft Certification
9 24 (9.41%) CISM
9 24 (9.41%) SANS
10 21 (8.24%) CISA
10 21 (8.24%) MCSE
11 17 (6.67%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 16 (6.27%) Computer Science Degree
13 15 (5.88%) GIAC
14 14 (5.49%) CESG Certified Professional
14 14 (5.49%) GPEN
15 13 (5.10%) CompTIA Security+
16 12 (4.71%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (20.78%) PCI DSS
2 46 (18.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 29 (11.37%) GDPR
4 22 (8.63%) Cyber Essentials
5 18 (7.06%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 15 (5.88%) NIST 800
6 15 (5.88%) QA
7 11 (4.31%) ISO 9001
8 8 (3.14%) COBIT
8 8 (3.14%) Web Application Security Consortium
9 5 (1.96%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 4 (1.57%) MiFID
11 3 (1.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.78%) RMADS
System Software
1 23 (9.02%) Active Directory
2 10 (3.92%) Docker
3 9 (3.53%) vSphere
4 5 (1.96%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (1.18%) Snort
6 1 (0.39%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 15 (5.88%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
2 11 (4.31%) Nessus
3 7 (2.75%) Nexpose
4 6 (2.35%) Kubernetes
5 4 (1.57%) Puppet
5 4 (1.57%) Salt
5 4 (1.57%) Single Sign-On
6 3 (1.18%) Ansible
6 3 (1.18%) FortiGate
6 3 (1.18%) Nmap
6 3 (1.18%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (1.18%) RSA Archer
6 3 (1.18%) WSUS
7 1 (0.39%) OpenVAS
7 1 (0.39%) QRadar
7 1 (0.39%) SELinux
Vendors
1 26 (10.20%) Cisco
2 22 (8.63%) Microsoft
3 20 (7.84%) CyberArk
4 15 (5.88%) FireEye
4 15 (5.88%) Qualys
5 14 (5.49%) Google
6 13 (5.10%) Splunk
7 12 (4.71%) New Relic
8 9 (3.53%) Apple
9 8 (3.14%) Veracode
10 7 (2.75%) CheckPoint
11 6 (2.35%) Fortinet
11 6 (2.35%) VMware
12 5 (1.96%) Meraki
13 4 (1.57%) Citrix
13 4 (1.57%) SAP
14 3 (1.18%) Juniper
14 3 (1.18%) Oracle
14 3 (1.18%) Rapid7
14 3 (1.18%) Trend Micro