Period
to 22 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ethical Hacking skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 22 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ethical Hacking
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 887 953 773
Rank change year-on-year +66 -180 +209
Permanent jobs citing Ethical Hacking 277 251 517
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.17% 0.14% 0.27%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.18% 0.16% 0.30%
Number of salaries quoted 188 202 417
UK median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +15.00% -16.67% +9.09%
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,200 £33,000
90th Percentile £92,875 £77,375 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% -10.00% -4.76%

Ethical Hacking is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 150,018 159,708 172,425
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.04% 91.56% 90.91%
Number of salaries quoted 119,346 125,959 143,498
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Ethical Hacking
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ethical Hacking as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking.

Salary trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +80 260 £57,500 +15.00% 31
London +111 144 £60,000 - 16
UK excluding London -28 121 £50,000 +11.11% 15
South East -45 38 £60,750 +21.50% 5
North of England +22 29 £45,000 +12.50% 4
South West +3 29 £45,000 +20.00% 3
North West +18 16 £45,000 -14.29% 4
East of England +19 15 £99,000 +195.52% 2
Yorkshire +24 10 £35,000 -6.67%
Wales -1 7 £38,311 -47.16%
North East - 3 £60,000 -
West Midlands +8 2 £36,250 -34.09%
Midlands +3 2 £36,250 -34.09% 1
Scotland -3 1 - -

For the 6 months to 22 October 2018, IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ethical Hacking.

1 181 (65.34%) Penetration Testing
2 174 (62.82%) Cybersecurity
3 161 (58.12%) CISSP
4 107 (38.63%) Information Security
5 93 (33.57%) Firewall
6 89 (32.13%) Windows
7 88 (31.77%) TCP/IP
8 87 (31.41%) CEH
9 85 (30.69%) Linux
10 80 (28.88%) Cisco Certification
11 78 (28.16%) Security Cleared
12 77 (27.80%) SANS
13 73 (26.35%) PowerShell
14 69 (24.91%) Python
15 68 (24.55%) GIAC
16 66 (23.83%) Java
17 65 (23.47%) C
18 62 (22.38%) C++
18 62 (22.38%) MCSE
18 62 (22.38%) Microsoft Certification
19 61 (22.02%) Test Automation
20 59 (21.30%) Reverse Engineering
20 59 (21.30%) Degree
21 57 (20.58%) SSCP
22 55 (19.86%) Bash Shell
22 55 (19.86%) CREST Certified
23 54 (19.49%) Apple iOS
23 54 (19.49%) Android
24 53 (19.13%) Git (software)
24 53 (19.13%) Software Engineering

Ethical Hacking
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (16.25%) Apache Pig
2 1 (0.36%) Ethereum
Applications
1 1 (0.36%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 14 (5.05%) Amazon AWS
2 8 (2.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 6 (2.17%) SaaS
4 4 (1.44%) Sauce Labs
5 2 (0.72%) Google Cloud Platform
6 1 (0.36%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (0.36%) IaaS
6 1 (0.36%) IBM Cloud
6 1 (0.36%) PaaS
6 1 (0.36%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 93 (33.57%) Firewall
2 88 (31.77%) TCP/IP
3 44 (15.88%) HTTP
3 44 (15.88%) SSL
4 35 (12.64%) Internet
5 31 (11.19%) Intrusion Detection
6 21 (7.58%) Network Security
7 15 (5.42%) SCCP
8 11 (3.97%) Wireless
9 7 (2.53%) VoIP
9 7 (2.53%) WAN
10 4 (1.44%) LAN
11 1 (0.36%) Reverse Proxy
11 1 (0.36%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (17.33%) Big Data
2 46 (16.61%) Hadoop
3 45 (16.25%) Apache Hive
3 45 (16.25%) SQL Server
4 44 (15.88%) MySQL
5 6 (2.17%) NonStop SQL
6 2 (0.72%) Blockchain
7 1 (0.36%) Geospatial Data
7 1 (0.36%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 53 (19.13%) Git (software)
2 52 (18.77%) Selenium
3 49 (17.69%) JIRA
4 45 (16.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 44 (15.88%) Bitbucket
5 44 (15.88%) CodeSonar
5 44 (15.88%) git-flow
5 44 (15.88%) Robot Framework
6 20 (7.22%) Metasploit
7 8 (2.89%) Appium
8 4 (1.44%) Cucumber
8 4 (1.44%) Gatling
8 4 (1.44%) JMeter
9 3 (1.08%) Burp Suite
10 2 (0.72%) Jenkins
11 1 (0.36%) Paros
11 1 (0.36%) SpecFlow
11 1 (0.36%) Team Foundation Server
11 1 (0.36%) TeamCity
General
1 37 (13.36%) Finance
2 11 (3.97%) Retail
3 7 (2.53%) Telecoms
4 6 (2.17%) Electronics
4 6 (2.17%) Games
5 5 (1.81%) Manufacturing
5 5 (1.81%) Marketing
5 5 (1.81%) Publishing
6 1 (0.36%) Automotive
6 1 (0.36%) Czech Language
6 1 (0.36%) Law
Job Titles
1 67 (24.19%) Penetration Tester
1 67 (24.19%) Tester
2 53 (19.13%) Analyst
3 46 (16.61%) Security Analyst
4 45 (16.25%) Software Engineer
5 38 (13.72%) C++ Software Engineer
5 38 (13.72%) Java Engineer
5 38 (13.72%) Java Software Engineer
6 32 (11.55%) C# Software Engineer
7 29 (10.47%) Consultant
8 26 (9.39%) Cybersecurity Analyst
9 18 (6.50%) Security Consultant
9 18 (6.50%) Security Manager
10 16 (5.78%) Information Manager
10 16 (5.78%) Information Security Manager
10 16 (5.78%) Senior Penetration Tester
10 16 (5.78%) Senior Tester
11 13 (4.69%) Test Engineer
12 10 (3.61%) Security Engineer
12 10 (3.61%) Security Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (18.77%) Java EE
2 49 (17.69%) .NET
2 49 (17.69%) STL
3 46 (16.61%) REST
4 45 (16.25%) ASP.NET
4 45 (16.25%) Node.js
4 45 (16.25%) SOAP
5 44 (15.88%) .NET Framework
5 44 (15.88%) Django
5 44 (15.88%) LAMP
5 44 (15.88%) RabbitMQ
5 44 (15.88%) Spring MVC
6 12 (4.33%) Web Services
7 4 (1.44%) JSON
7 4 (1.44%) Nightwatchjs
7 4 (1.44%) XML
8 2 (0.72%) Middleware
9 1 (0.36%) CSS
9 1 (0.36%) Gherkin
9 1 (0.36%) HTML
Miscellaneous
1 31 (11.19%) Management Information System
2 24 (8.66%) Computer Science
3 17 (6.14%) Fintech
4 10 (3.61%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (2.89%) Cyber Defence
5 8 (2.89%) Linux Command Line
6 7 (2.53%) Algorithms
6 7 (2.53%) Data Structures
6 7 (2.53%) Security Operations Centre
7 5 (1.81%) Cybercrime
8 4 (1.44%) Cyberattack
8 4 (1.44%) Data Centre
8 4 (1.44%) Public Cloud
8 4 (1.44%) Social Media
9 3 (1.08%) Virtual Team
10 2 (0.72%) Internet of Things
10 2 (0.72%) Mainframe
10 2 (0.72%) PKI
11 1 (0.36%) Bitcoin
11 1 (0.36%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 89 (32.13%) Windows
2 85 (30.69%) Linux
3 54 (19.49%) Android
3 54 (19.49%) Apple iOS
4 45 (16.25%) Mac OS X
5 12 (4.33%) Unix
6 10 (3.61%) Kali Linux
7 1 (0.36%) CentOS
7 1 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.36%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 181 (65.34%) Penetration Testing
2 174 (62.82%) Cybersecurity
3 107 (38.63%) Information Security
4 61 (22.02%) Test Automation
5 59 (21.30%) Reverse Engineering
6 53 (19.13%) Software Engineering
7 51 (18.41%) Multithreading
8 50 (18.05%) Scrum
8 50 (18.05%) Security Testing
9 49 (17.69%) Kanban
10 44 (15.88%) API Design
11 43 (15.52%) User Stories
12 42 (15.16%) Vulnerability Scanning
13 36 (13.00%) Risk Management
13 36 (13.00%) SIEM
14 35 (12.64%) Agile Software Development
15 33 (11.91%) Analytics
16 32 (11.55%) OWASP
17 30 (10.83%) Risk Assessment
18 29 (10.47%) Vulnerability Assessment
Programming Languages
1 73 (26.35%) PowerShell
2 69 (24.91%) Python
3 66 (23.83%) Java
4 65 (23.47%) C
5 62 (22.38%) C++
6 55 (19.86%) Bash Shell
7 51 (18.41%) C#
7 51 (18.41%) JavaScript
8 49 (17.69%) Objective-C
9 48 (17.33%) PHP
10 22 (7.94%) Perl
11 9 (3.25%) Ruby
12 7 (2.53%) SQL
13 5 (1.81%) VB
14 4 (1.44%) Shell Script
15 1 (0.36%) Embedded C
15 1 (0.36%) Embedded C++
15 1 (0.36%) Go
15 1 (0.36%) PL/SQL
15 1 (0.36%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 161 (58.12%) CISSP
2 87 (31.41%) CEH
3 80 (28.88%) Cisco Certification
4 78 (28.16%) Security Cleared
5 77 (27.80%) SANS
6 68 (24.55%) GIAC
7 62 (22.38%) MCSE
7 62 (22.38%) Microsoft Certification
8 59 (21.30%) Degree
9 57 (20.58%) SSCP
10 55 (19.86%) CREST Certified
11 53 (19.13%) CCNA
11 53 (19.13%) CompTIA Security+
12 50 (18.05%) Linux+ Certification
12 50 (18.05%) Network+ Certification
13 49 (17.69%) DV Cleared
14 35 (12.64%) OSCP
15 31 (11.19%) CISM
16 24 (8.66%) Computer Science Degree
17 21 (7.58%) (ISC)2 CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (8.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 16 (5.78%) Cyber Essentials
3 12 (4.33%) PCI DSS
4 7 (2.53%) GDPR
5 6 (2.17%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 3 (1.08%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.72%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 45 (16.25%) Docker
2 44 (15.88%) vSphere
3 1 (0.36%) Snort
Systems Management
1 44 (15.88%) Puppet
1 44 (15.88%) Salt
2 6 (2.17%) Host Intrusion Detection System
2 6 (2.17%) Nessus
3 4 (1.44%) QRadar
4 3 (1.08%) Nexpose
5 2 (0.72%) CSIRT
5 2 (0.72%) Nmap
6 1 (0.36%) EnCase
6 1 (0.36%) FTK
6 1 (0.36%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 51 (18.41%) Microsoft
2 19 (6.86%) Splunk
3 14 (5.05%) LogRhythm
4 8 (2.89%) New Relic
5 7 (2.53%) Cisco
5 7 (2.53%) Qualys
6 6 (2.17%) Palo Alto
7 5 (1.81%) IBM
7 5 (1.81%) SAP
8 3 (1.08%) ArcSight
8 3 (1.08%) Oracle
9 2 (0.72%) McAfee
9 2 (0.72%) TOWER Software
9 2 (0.72%) Trend Micro
10 1 (0.36%) Fortinet
10 1 (0.36%) Google
10 1 (0.36%) Juniper
10 1 (0.36%) LexisNexis
10 1 (0.36%) Nuix
10 1 (0.36%) Rapid7