Period
to 24 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ethical Hacking skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 24 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ethical Hacking
UK
6 months to
24 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 931 753 970
Rank change year-on-year -178 +217 +61
Permanent jobs citing Ethical Hacking 280 490 358
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.16% 0.26% 0.16%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.17% 0.29% 0.18%
Number of salaries quoted 221 397 265
UK median annual salary £50,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -16.67% +9.09% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
90th Percentile £78,750 £88,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year -10.00% -4.76% +10.53%

Ethical Hacking is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 161950 169183 194286
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.90% 89.41% 88.80%
Number of salaries quoted 127926 140515 160119
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £79,800 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £44,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.53% - +6.25%

Ethical Hacking
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ethical Hacking as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking.

Salary trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking within the UK over the 6 months to 24 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -137 268 £50,000 -16.67% 24
UK excluding London -27 190 £45,000 -10.00% 20
South East +73 92 £50,000 -18.37% 5
London -117 86 £60,000 -14.29% 5
South West -50 28 £40,000 -20.00% 6
North of England -11 25 £37,500 -25.00% 4
East of England +8 19 £37,500 -25.00% 2
Midlands +27 18 £60,000 +20.00% 2
West Midlands +19 18 £60,000 +33.33% 1
North West -23 18 £36,500 -33.64% 3
Yorkshire +8 7 £37,500 -37.50% 1
Scotland -6 5 £50,000 +25.00%
Northern Ireland - 2 £60,000 -
Wales +20 1 £72,500 +38.10% 1

For the 6 months to 24 November 2017, IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Ethical Hacking.

1 153 (54.64%) Information Security
2 146 (52.14%) Penetration Testing
3 135 (48.21%) CISSP
4 114 (40.71%) Cybersecurity
5 107 (38.21%) Firewall
6 95 (33.93%) Degree
7 87 (31.07%) CEH
8 74 (26.43%) Windows
9 72 (25.71%) CISM
10 69 (24.64%) SIEM
11 61 (21.79%) Management Information System
12 53 (18.93%) Java
13 52 (18.57%) Network Security
14 51 (18.21%) TCP/IP
15 48 (17.14%) OWASP
16 47 (16.79%) Linux
16 47 (16.79%) SANS
17 46 (16.43%) Computer Science
18 45 (16.07%) Security Architecture
18 45 (16.07%) Finance
19 44 (15.71%) Security Testing
19 44 (15.71%) Security Operations
20 43 (15.36%) Vulnerability Management
20 43 (15.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
21 41 (14.64%) PCI DSS
22 39 (13.93%) CISA
23 37 (13.21%) C++
24 36 (12.86%) C
24 36 (12.86%) Python
24 36 (12.86%) CREST Certified

Ethical Hacking
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (2.86%) Apache Pig
2 6 (2.14%) MS Exchange
3 2 (0.71%) Apache
Applications
1 9 (3.21%) Spreadsheet
2 4 (1.43%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (1.43%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 28 (10.00%) Amazon AWS
2 12 (4.29%) Office 365
3 7 (2.50%) SaaS
4 4 (1.43%) Microsoft Azure
5 2 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (0.36%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 107 (38.21%) Firewall
2 52 (18.57%) Network Security
3 51 (18.21%) TCP/IP
4 28 (10.00%) Intrusion Detection
5 25 (8.93%) Internet
6 22 (7.86%) HTTP
7 19 (6.79%) Wireless
8 16 (5.71%) VPN
9 12 (4.29%) VoIP
10 11 (3.93%) WAN
11 10 (3.57%) LAN
12 9 (3.21%) SMTP
13 8 (2.86%) SSL
14 7 (2.50%) DHCP
14 7 (2.50%) DNS
14 7 (2.50%) Software-Defined Networking
15 6 (2.14%) HTTPS
16 5 (1.79%) IPsec
16 5 (1.79%) Wi-Fi
16 5 (1.79%) Wireless Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (5.00%) MySQL
2 12 (4.29%) SQL Server
3 8 (2.86%) Apache Hive
3 8 (2.86%) Big Data
3 8 (2.86%) Hadoop
4 2 (0.71%) Relational Database
5 1 (0.36%) GIS
Development Applications
1 12 (4.29%) Burp Suite
1 12 (4.29%) Selenium
2 10 (3.57%) Metasploit
3 7 (2.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 7 (2.50%) Bitbucket
3 7 (2.50%) CodeSonar
3 7 (2.50%) Git (software)
3 7 (2.50%) git-flow
3 7 (2.50%) JIRA
3 7 (2.50%) Robot Framework
4 6 (2.14%) AppScan
5 5 (1.79%) Cucumber
5 5 (1.79%) Jenkins
6 3 (1.07%) IDA Disassembler
6 3 (1.07%) Xcode
7 2 (0.71%) Eclipse
8 1 (0.36%) Clang
8 1 (0.36%) GDB
8 1 (0.36%) SoapUI
8 1 (0.36%) Visual Studio
General
1 45 (16.07%) Finance
2 16 (5.71%) Telecoms
3 15 (5.36%) Marketing
4 13 (4.64%) Legal
5 9 (3.21%) Advertising
6 8 (2.86%) Banking
6 8 (2.86%) Publishing
7 6 (2.14%) Law
8 5 (1.79%) Retail
9 4 (1.43%) Automotive
9 4 (1.43%) Financial Institution
10 3 (1.07%) Games
11 2 (0.71%) Electronics
11 2 (0.71%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.71%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.36%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 64 (22.86%) Analyst
2 56 (20.00%) Penetration Tester
2 56 (20.00%) Tester
3 50 (17.86%) Security Analyst
4 30 (10.71%) Security Engineer
5 28 (10.00%) Cybersecurity Analyst
6 25 (8.93%) Security Specialist
7 24 (8.57%) Security Manager
8 18 (6.43%) Consultant
8 18 (6.43%) Information Analyst
8 18 (6.43%) Information Security Analyst
9 16 (5.71%) Security Consultant
10 15 (5.36%) IT Manager
10 15 (5.36%) IT Security Manager
10 15 (5.36%) Security Penetration Tester
10 15 (5.36%) Security Tester
10 15 (5.36%) Senior Analyst
11 13 (4.64%) Architect
11 13 (4.64%) Security Architect
12 12 (4.29%) Cybersecurity Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (6.79%) Web Services
2 18 (6.43%) .NET
3 11 (3.93%) ASP.NET
4 10 (3.57%) Middleware
4 10 (3.57%) REST
5 8 (2.86%) Java EE
5 8 (2.86%) STL
6 7 (2.50%) .NET Framework
6 7 (2.50%) Django
6 7 (2.50%) HTML
6 7 (2.50%) LAMP
6 7 (2.50%) Node.js
6 7 (2.50%) RabbitMQ
6 7 (2.50%) SOAP
6 7 (2.50%) Spring MVC
7 5 (1.79%) JSON
7 5 (1.79%) RESTful
7 5 (1.79%) XML
8 4 (1.43%) ASP.NET Web API
8 4 (1.43%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 61 (21.79%) Management Information System
2 46 (16.43%) Computer Science
3 27 (9.64%) Cyberthreat
4 26 (9.29%) Analytical Skills
5 17 (6.07%) Mobile App
6 15 (5.36%) PKI
7 14 (5.00%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 13 (4.64%) Cyber Attack
9 10 (3.57%) Algorithms
9 10 (3.57%) Data Structures
9 10 (3.57%) Security Operations Centre
10 9 (3.21%) Blog
10 9 (3.21%) Xbox
11 8 (2.86%) iSeries
12 4 (1.43%) Analytical Mindset
12 4 (1.43%) Data Centre
12 4 (1.43%) SCADA
13 3 (1.07%) Cyber Kill Chain
13 3 (1.07%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
14 2 (0.71%) CESG
Operating Systems
1 74 (26.43%) Windows
2 47 (16.79%) Linux
3 32 (11.43%) Unix
4 26 (9.29%) Apple iOS
5 22 (7.86%) Android
6 16 (5.71%) Windows Server 2008
7 12 (4.29%) VxWorks
7 12 (4.29%) Windows Server
8 11 (3.93%) Mac OS X
9 8 (2.86%) Kali Linux
9 8 (2.86%) Solaris
10 7 (2.50%) Windows Server 2003
11 3 (1.07%) Windows 7
11 3 (1.07%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.71%) FreeBSD
13 1 (0.36%) CentOS
13 1 (0.36%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 153 (54.64%) Information Security
2 146 (52.14%) Penetration Testing
3 114 (40.71%) Cybersecurity
4 69 (24.64%) SIEM
5 48 (17.14%) OWASP
6 45 (16.07%) Security Architecture
7 44 (15.71%) Security Operations
7 44 (15.71%) Security Testing
8 43 (15.36%) Vulnerability Management
9 27 (9.64%) Vulnerability Assessment
10 23 (8.21%) Risk Management
11 22 (7.86%) Stakeholder Management
12 21 (7.50%) Project Management
13 20 (7.14%) Reverse Engineering
13 20 (7.14%) Vulnerability Scanning
14 19 (6.79%) Data Protection
14 19 (6.79%) Incident Management
14 19 (6.79%) Kalman Filter
14 19 (6.79%) Open Source
15 18 (6.43%) Risk Assessment
Programming Languages
1 53 (18.93%) Java
2 37 (13.21%) C++
3 36 (12.86%) C
3 36 (12.86%) Python
4 26 (9.29%) PHP
5 20 (7.14%) SQL
6 16 (5.71%) C#
6 16 (5.71%) JavaScript
7 10 (3.57%) Objective-C
8 9 (3.21%) Perl
8 9 (3.21%) Shell Script
9 6 (2.14%) Bash Shell
9 6 (2.14%) PowerShell
9 6 (2.14%) VB.NET
10 4 (1.43%) Ruby
11 2 (0.71%) Apple Swift
11 2 (0.71%) Assembly Language
Qualifications
1 135 (48.21%) CISSP
2 95 (33.93%) Degree
3 87 (31.07%) CEH
4 72 (25.71%) CISM
5 47 (16.79%) SANS
6 39 (13.93%) CISA
7 36 (12.86%) CREST Certified
8 25 (8.93%) Cisco Certification
9 24 (8.57%) GIAC
10 23 (8.21%) Security Cleared
10 23 (8.21%) SSCP
11 22 (7.86%) CCNA
12 21 (7.50%) Computer Science Degree
13 16 (5.71%) Microsoft Certification
14 15 (5.36%) Master's Degree
14 15 (5.36%) OSCP
15 14 (5.00%) DV Cleared
15 14 (5.00%) Network+ Certification
16 12 (4.29%) CCNP
17 10 (3.57%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (15.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 41 (14.64%) PCI DSS
3 15 (5.36%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 14 (5.00%) Cyber Essentials
4 14 (5.00%) QA
5 9 (3.21%) COBIT
5 9 (3.21%) GDPR
6 8 (2.86%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 6 (2.14%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 2 (0.71%) GPG13
8 2 (0.71%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.36%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.36%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 27 (9.64%) Active Directory
2 15 (5.36%) VMware ESXi
3 14 (5.00%) vSphere
4 10 (3.57%) VMware Infrastructure
5 7 (2.50%) Docker
6 4 (1.43%) Snort
7 3 (1.07%) ProxySG
8 1 (0.36%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 13 (4.64%) Nessus
2 9 (3.21%) CSIRT
3 8 (2.86%) Puppet
4 7 (2.50%) Salt
5 4 (1.43%) Host Intrusion Detection System
5 4 (1.43%) McAfee ePO
5 4 (1.43%) Network Intrusion Detection System
5 4 (1.43%) Nmap
6 3 (1.07%) WebInspect
7 2 (0.71%) Juniper STRM
7 2 (0.71%) Nexpose
7 2 (0.71%) QRadar
7 2 (0.71%) RSA enVision
7 2 (0.71%) RSA Security Analytics
8 1 (0.36%) Ansible
8 1 (0.36%) FortiGate
8 1 (0.36%) logstash
8 1 (0.36%) Norton AntiVirus
8 1 (0.36%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 25 (8.93%) Microsoft
2 20 (7.14%) Cisco
2 20 (7.14%) VMware
3 11 (3.93%) Qualys
4 9 (3.21%) Sophos
5 8 (2.86%) CyberArk
6 7 (2.50%) Dell
6 7 (2.50%) McAfee
6 7 (2.50%) SonicWALL
6 7 (2.50%) Symantec
7 5 (1.79%) CheckPoint
8 3 (1.07%) Apple
8 3 (1.07%) Blue Coat
8 3 (1.07%) Citrix
8 3 (1.07%) Facebook
8 3 (1.07%) FireEye
8 3 (1.07%) Google
8 3 (1.07%) IBM
8 3 (1.07%) SAP
8 3 (1.07%) Splunk