Period
to 18 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ethical Hacking skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 18 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ethical Hacking
UK
6 months to
18 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 865 939 874
Rank change year-on-year +74 -65 +218
Permanent jobs citing Ethical Hacking 344 274 440
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.20% 0.15% 0.22%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.22% 0.17% 0.24%
Number of salaries quoted 262 218 352
UK median annual salary £60,000 £53,250 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +12.68% -18.08% +18.18%
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,000 £35,775
90th Percentile £100,000 £80,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £50,000 £53,875
% change year-on-year +20.00% -7.19% +2.62%

Ethical Hacking is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 158,353 161,102 183,079
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.68% 90.72% 90.01%
Number of salaries quoted 126,551 129,797 152,245
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,039 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.96% +3.24% -
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

Ethical Hacking
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ethical Hacking as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking.

Salary trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 18 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking within the UK over the 6 months to 18 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +64 326 £60,000 +13.21% 31
London +86 173 £60,000 -4.00% 11
UK excluding London -18 158 £60,000 +20.00% 26
South East -16 68 £60,000 +14.29% 7
North of England +30 36 £50,000 -4.76% 1
North West +15 20 £49,250 -14.35% 1
South West -17 18 £45,000 +20.00% 2
Midlands -12 14 £61,250 +44.12% 8
East of England +17 12 £99,000 +195.52% 2
West Midlands +4 10 £60,000 +29.73% 6
Yorkshire +27 8 £35,000 -3.45%
North East -9 8 £55,000 +22.22%
Wales - 8 £36,412 - 6
East Midlands +3 4 £62,500 +64.47% 2
Scotland -22 2 £35,000 -24.32%

For the 6 months to 18 July 2018, IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ethical Hacking.

1 203 (59.01%) Penetration Testing
2 200 (58.14%) Cybersecurity
3 177 (51.45%) CISSP
4 131 (38.08%) Information Security
5 113 (32.85%) Firewall
6 112 (32.56%) CEH
7 81 (23.55%) SANS
8 78 (22.67%) Cisco Certification
9 77 (22.38%) TCP/IP
9 77 (22.38%) Finance
10 76 (22.09%) Windows
11 69 (20.06%) Security Cleared
12 66 (19.19%) Linux
12 66 (19.19%) SIEM
13 64 (18.60%) CREST Certified
14 61 (17.73%) Java
15 60 (17.44%) C
15 60 (17.44%) GIAC
16 57 (16.57%) Degree
17 55 (15.99%) PowerShell
18 54 (15.70%) Python
19 53 (15.41%) Risk Management
19 53 (15.41%) Security Testing
20 52 (15.12%) C++
21 50 (14.53%) CISM
21 50 (14.53%) OSCP
22 47 (13.66%) OWASP
22 47 (13.66%) Intrusion Detection
23 46 (13.37%) MCSE
23 46 (13.37%) Microsoft Certification

Ethical Hacking
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (9.59%) Apache Pig
2 1 (0.29%) Apache
Applications
1 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.29%) SunGard APT
Cloud Services
1 30 (8.72%) Amazon AWS
2 21 (6.10%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (4.36%) Google Cloud Platform
4 8 (2.33%) Sauce Labs
5 6 (1.74%) SaaS
6 2 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 113 (32.85%) Firewall
2 77 (22.38%) TCP/IP
3 47 (13.66%) Intrusion Detection
4 37 (10.76%) Internet
5 33 (9.59%) HTTP
6 32 (9.30%) Network Security
7 31 (9.01%) SSL
8 15 (4.36%) WAN
9 13 (3.78%) SCCP
10 12 (3.49%) Wireless
11 9 (2.62%) VoIP
12 6 (1.74%) LAN
13 4 (1.16%) VPN
14 3 (0.87%) DNS
14 3 (0.87%) VLAN
15 2 (0.58%) HTTPS
15 2 (0.58%) IPsec
15 2 (0.58%) Wi-Fi
15 2 (0.58%) Wireless Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (9.59%) Apache Hive
1 33 (9.59%) Big Data
1 33 (9.59%) Hadoop
2 32 (9.30%) MySQL
3 31 (9.01%) SQL Server
4 4 (1.16%) NonStop SQL
5 1 (0.29%) Blockchain
5 1 (0.29%) dBASE
5 1 (0.29%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 41 (11.92%) Git (software)
2 39 (11.34%) Selenium
3 31 (9.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 31 (9.01%) Bitbucket
3 31 (9.01%) CodeSonar
3 31 (9.01%) git-flow
3 31 (9.01%) JIRA
3 31 (9.01%) Robot Framework
4 26 (7.56%) Metasploit
5 8 (2.33%) Appium
5 8 (2.33%) Cucumber
6 3 (0.87%) AppScan
6 3 (0.87%) Burp Suite
6 3 (0.87%) Jenkins
7 2 (0.58%) SpecFlow
7 2 (0.58%) Team Foundation Server
8 1 (0.29%) Paros
General
1 77 (22.38%) Finance
2 12 (3.49%) Retail
3 7 (2.03%) Legal
4 5 (1.45%) Banking
4 5 (1.45%) Financial Institution
4 5 (1.45%) Publishing
5 4 (1.16%) Advertising
5 4 (1.16%) Telecoms
6 2 (0.58%) Games
7 1 (0.29%) Czech Language
7 1 (0.29%) Law
Job Titles
1 72 (20.93%) Penetration Tester
1 72 (20.93%) Tester
2 59 (17.15%) Analyst
3 51 (14.83%) Security Analyst
4 37 (10.76%) Consultant
5 34 (9.88%) Security Consultant
6 32 (9.30%) Software Engineer
7 31 (9.01%) Security Engineer
8 27 (7.85%) C++ Software Engineer
8 27 (7.85%) Java Engineer
8 27 (7.85%) Java Software Engineer
9 25 (7.27%) Cybersecurity Engineer
9 25 (7.27%) Security Specialist
10 23 (6.69%) Architect
10 23 (6.69%) C# Software Engineer
10 23 (6.69%) Cybersecurity Analyst
10 23 (6.69%) Security Architect
11 21 (6.10%) Security Manager
12 20 (5.81%) Senior Penetration Tester
12 20 (5.81%) Senior Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (10.47%) REST
2 35 (10.17%) Java EE
3 34 (9.88%) .NET
4 33 (9.59%) STL
5 31 (9.01%) .NET Framework
5 31 (9.01%) ASP.NET
5 31 (9.01%) Django
5 31 (9.01%) LAMP
5 31 (9.01%) Node.js
5 31 (9.01%) RabbitMQ
5 31 (9.01%) SOAP
5 31 (9.01%) Spring MVC
6 14 (4.07%) Web Services
7 9 (2.62%) HTML
8 8 (2.33%) Nightwatchjs
9 2 (0.58%) CSS
9 2 (0.58%) Gherkin
9 2 (0.58%) jQuery
9 2 (0.58%) WCF
10 1 (0.29%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 43 (12.50%) Management Information System
2 25 (7.27%) Analytical Skills
2 25 (7.27%) Fintech
3 22 (6.40%) Computer Science
4 11 (3.20%) Security Operations Centre
5 9 (2.62%) Cyber Defence
5 9 (2.62%) Data Centre
5 9 (2.62%) Internet of Things
5 9 (2.62%) Linux Command Line
6 7 (2.03%) Algorithms
6 7 (2.03%) Data Structures
7 4 (1.16%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 4 (1.16%) Public Cloud
7 4 (1.16%) Xbox
8 3 (0.87%) Cybercrime
8 3 (0.87%) PKI
8 3 (0.87%) Self-Motivation
9 2 (0.58%) CESG
9 2 (0.58%) Cyber Kill Chain
9 2 (0.58%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 76 (22.09%) Windows
2 66 (19.19%) Linux
3 45 (13.08%) Apple iOS
4 42 (12.21%) Android
5 31 (9.01%) Mac OS X
6 12 (3.49%) Unix
7 7 (2.03%) Kali Linux
8 1 (0.29%) CentOS
8 1 (0.29%) Debian
8 1 (0.29%) FreeBSD
8 1 (0.29%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.29%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 203 (59.01%) Penetration Testing
2 200 (58.14%) Cybersecurity
3 131 (38.08%) Information Security
4 66 (19.19%) SIEM
5 53 (15.41%) Risk Management
5 53 (15.41%) Security Testing
6 47 (13.66%) OWASP
7 43 (12.50%) Security Operations
7 43 (12.50%) Test Automation
8 42 (12.21%) Security Architecture
9 40 (11.63%) Reverse Engineering
10 39 (11.34%) Vulnerability Scanning
11 37 (10.76%) Software Engineering
12 35 (10.17%) Malware Analysis
12 35 (10.17%) Multithreading
13 33 (9.59%) Cryptography
13 33 (9.59%) Scrum
14 31 (9.01%) API Design
14 31 (9.01%) Kanban
14 31 (9.01%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 61 (17.73%) Java
2 60 (17.44%) C
3 55 (15.99%) PowerShell
4 54 (15.70%) Python
5 52 (15.12%) C++
6 41 (11.92%) C#
7 39 (11.34%) Bash Shell
7 39 (11.34%) PHP
8 37 (10.76%) JavaScript
9 33 (9.59%) Objective-C
10 14 (4.07%) SQL
11 13 (3.78%) Perl
12 11 (3.20%) Shell Script
13 5 (1.45%) Ruby
14 3 (0.87%) Apple Swift
15 2 (0.58%) VB
15 2 (0.58%) VB.NET
16 1 (0.29%) Embedded C
16 1 (0.29%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 177 (51.45%) CISSP
2 112 (32.56%) CEH
3 81 (23.55%) SANS
4 78 (22.67%) Cisco Certification
5 69 (20.06%) Security Cleared
6 64 (18.60%) CREST Certified
7 60 (17.44%) GIAC
8 57 (16.57%) Degree
9 50 (14.53%) CISM
9 50 (14.53%) OSCP
10 46 (13.37%) MCSE
10 46 (13.37%) Microsoft Certification
11 44 (12.79%) CCNA
12 42 (12.21%) SSCP
13 41 (11.92%) CompTIA Security+
14 35 (10.17%) Linux+ Certification
14 35 (10.17%) Network+ Certification
15 32 (9.30%) DV Cleared
16 24 (6.98%) CCNP
16 24 (6.98%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (9.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 23 (6.69%) PCI DSS
3 15 (4.36%) GCP
4 14 (4.07%) HIPAA
5 13 (3.78%) GDPR
6 11 (3.20%) Cyber Essentials
7 8 (2.33%) COBIT
7 8 (2.33%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 5 (1.45%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (1.16%) ISO 9001
9 4 (1.16%) Web Application Security Consortium
10 3 (0.87%) MiFID
11 2 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.29%) BS7799
12 1 (0.29%) SLA
System Software
1 31 (9.01%) Docker
1 31 (9.01%) vSphere
2 1 (0.29%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 32 (9.30%) Puppet
2 31 (9.01%) Salt
3 5 (1.45%) Host Intrusion Detection System
3 5 (1.45%) Nessus
3 5 (1.45%) QRadar
4 4 (1.16%) CSIRT
4 4 (1.16%) WebInspect
5 3 (0.87%) Nmap
6 2 (0.58%) Nexpose
7 1 (0.29%) Ansible
7 1 (0.29%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
7 1 (0.29%) HP Fortify
7 1 (0.29%) Juniper STRM
7 1 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.29%) RSA enVision
7 1 (0.29%) RSA Security Analytics
Vendors
1 40 (11.63%) Microsoft
2 18 (5.23%) LogRhythm
2 18 (5.23%) Splunk
3 14 (4.07%) Veracode
4 12 (3.49%) Cisco
5 8 (2.33%) New Relic
6 6 (1.74%) IBM
7 5 (1.45%) Oracle
8 4 (1.16%) Qualys
9 3 (0.87%) ArcSight
10 2 (0.58%) CheckPoint
10 2 (0.58%) McAfee
10 2 (0.58%) Palo Alto
10 2 (0.58%) Trend Micro
10 2 (0.58%) White Clarke
11 1 (0.29%) Capita
11 1 (0.29%) Google
11 1 (0.29%) LexisNexis
11 1 (0.29%) LogLogic
11 1 (0.29%) Progress