Period
to 11 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ethical Hacking skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ethical Hacking
UK
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 677 813 873
Rank change year-on-year +136 +60 +7
Permanent jobs citing Ethical Hacking 172 178 249
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.21% 0.16% 0.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.22% 0.17% 0.18%
Number of salaries quoted 76 152 154
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £37,875
25th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £44,063
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £68,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.62% - +8.33%
75th Percentile £80,313 £81,563 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £83,350
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £53,750 £61,500
% change year-on-year +2.33% -12.60% +11.82%

Ethical Hacking is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 76,569 104,649 137,390
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.45% 92.14% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 59,055 84,002 109,346
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Ethical Hacking
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ethical Hacking as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Ethical Hacking.

Salary trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking within the UK over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +125 143 £68,000 +4.62% 17
UK excluding London +146 109 £55,000 +2.33% 14
London +81 54 £70,000 +3.70% 4
North of England +48 21 £55,000 - 4
Scotland +26 20 £54,000 +27.06% 1
South East +85 19 £60,000 -7.69% 4
South West +1 18 £55,000 +7.32%
East of England +73 17 £41,000 -20.00% 4
West Midlands +40 14 £60,000 +17.07% 1
Midlands +39 14 £60,000 +17.07% 1
Work from Home -134 14 £90,000 +125.00% 3
North East - 11 £45,000 -
North West +41 10 £67,500 +20.34% 1

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ethical Hacking.

1 145 (84.30%) Cybersecurity
2 131 (76.16%) Penetration Testing
3 95 (55.23%) Problem-Solving
4 90 (52.33%) CompTIA Security+
4 90 (52.33%) A+ Certification
5 86 (50.00%) Network+ Certification
6 84 (48.84%) Wireless
7 82 (47.67%) Data Security
8 52 (30.23%) CEH
9 41 (23.84%) Information Security
10 38 (22.09%) Firewall
11 35 (20.35%) Security Operations
12 30 (17.44%) CISSP
13 25 (14.53%) SIEM
14 24 (13.95%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 22 (12.79%) Analytical Skills
16 21 (12.21%) Vulnerability Scanning
16 21 (12.21%) AWS
16 21 (12.21%) Linux
17 20 (11.63%) CISM
17 20 (11.63%) Threat Intelligence
18 19 (11.05%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
18 19 (11.05%) Vulnerability Management
19 18 (10.47%) OSCP
19 18 (10.47%) OWASP
19 18 (10.47%) Finance
20 17 (9.88%) Management Information System
20 17 (9.88%) Intrusion Detection
20 17 (9.88%) VPN
20 17 (9.88%) SANS

Ethical Hacking
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (3.49%) Apache Spark
2 2 (1.16%) Confluence
3 1 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 6 (3.49%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 1 (0.58%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 21 (12.21%) AWS
2 15 (8.72%) Azure
3 13 (7.56%) Microsoft 365
4 7 (4.07%) Cloud Computing
5 5 (2.91%) GCP
6 2 (1.16%) BPaaS
6 2 (1.16%) IaaS
6 2 (1.16%) PaaS
6 2 (1.16%) SaaS
7 1 (0.58%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 84 (48.84%) Wireless
2 38 (22.09%) Firewall
3 17 (9.88%) Intrusion Detection
3 17 (9.88%) VPN
4 16 (9.30%) Network Security
5 9 (5.23%) Internet
5 9 (5.23%) SSL
6 8 (4.65%) IPsec
6 8 (4.65%) TCP/IP
7 7 (4.07%) 5G
7 7 (4.07%) DNS
8 6 (3.49%) Ethernet
8 6 (3.49%) HTTP
8 6 (3.49%) MPLS
9 5 (2.91%) Remote Desktop
9 5 (2.91%) WAN
10 4 (2.33%) LAN
11 3 (1.74%) RTP
12 2 (1.16%) WAAS
12 2 (1.16%) Wireless Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (4.65%) Blockchain
2 6 (3.49%) Apache Hive
2 6 (3.49%) Big Data
2 6 (3.49%) Impala
Development Applications
1 8 (4.65%) JIRA
2 7 (4.07%) Burp Suite
2 7 (4.07%) Metasploit
3 6 (3.49%) Bitbucket
3 6 (3.49%) Bitbucket Server
3 6 (3.49%) Git (software)
3 6 (3.49%) git-flow
4 2 (1.16%) Snyk
5 1 (0.58%) Jenkins
5 1 (0.58%) TeamCity
General
1 18 (10.47%) Finance
2 11 (6.40%) Legal
3 5 (2.91%) Aerospace
3 5 (2.91%) Games
4 3 (1.74%) Law
5 2 (1.16%) Telecoms
6 1 (0.58%) Public Sector
6 1 (0.58%) Retail
Job Titles
1 89 (51.74%) Ethical Hacker
2 79 (45.93%) Trainee
3 36 (20.93%) Analyst
4 17 (9.88%) Penetration Tester
4 17 (9.88%) Tester
5 11 (6.40%) Security Analyst
6 9 (5.23%) Security Manager
7 8 (4.65%) Senior Analyst
7 8 (4.65%) SOC Analyst
8 7 (4.07%) Data Analyst
8 7 (4.07%) Lead Tester
8 7 (4.07%) Security Engineer
8 7 (4.07%) Technical Leader
8 7 (4.07%) Technical Tester
8 7 (4.07%) Vulnerability Specialist
9 6 (3.49%) Data Science Analyst
9 6 (3.49%) Infrastructure Analyst
10 5 (2.91%) Consultant
10 5 (2.91%) Cyber Intelligence Analyst
10 5 (2.91%) Service Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6 (3.49%) Elastic Stack
1 6 (3.49%) Kafka
2 4 (2.33%) HTML5 Canvas
2 4 (2.33%) Web Services
3 2 (1.16%) 802.1X
3 2 (1.16%) LDAP
3 2 (1.16%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 22 (12.79%) Analytical Skills
2 17 (9.88%) Management Information System
3 11 (6.40%) Cyber Kill Chain
3 11 (6.40%) Cyberthreat
3 11 (6.40%) Public Cloud
4 10 (5.81%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
5 9 (5.23%) Analytical Mindset
5 9 (5.23%) PKI
6 7 (4.07%) Internet of Things
6 7 (4.07%) Mobile App
7 6 (3.49%) Virtual Team
8 5 (2.91%) Security Operations Centre
9 4 (2.33%) Client/Server
10 2 (1.16%) Cyberattack
10 2 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
11 1 (0.58%) Cloud Native
11 1 (0.58%) Cyber Defence
11 1 (0.58%) FMCG
11 1 (0.58%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 21 (12.21%) Linux
2 10 (5.81%) Unix
2 10 (5.81%) Windows
3 8 (4.65%) Mac OS
4 5 (2.91%) Windows Server
4 5 (2.91%) Windows Server 2012
4 5 (2.91%) Windows Server 2016
5 1 (0.58%) Android
5 1 (0.58%) Apple iOS
5 1 (0.58%) MVS
5 1 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 145 (84.30%) Cybersecurity
2 131 (76.16%) Penetration Testing
3 95 (55.23%) Problem-Solving
4 82 (47.67%) Data Security
5 41 (23.84%) Information Security
6 35 (20.35%) Security Operations
7 25 (14.53%) SIEM
8 21 (12.21%) Vulnerability Scanning
9 20 (11.63%) Threat Intelligence
10 19 (11.05%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
10 19 (11.05%) Vulnerability Management
11 18 (10.47%) OWASP
12 16 (9.30%) Security Architecture
12 16 (9.30%) Security Monitoring
13 15 (8.72%) Computer Science
13 15 (8.72%) Security Management
14 14 (8.14%) DevSecOps
15 12 (6.98%) Cyber Intelligence
16 11 (6.40%) Reverse Engineering
16 11 (6.40%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 10 (5.81%) C
2 9 (5.23%) Python
3 8 (4.65%) Bash Shell
4 6 (3.49%) Perl
4 6 (3.49%) PowerShell
4 6 (3.49%) R
5 4 (2.33%) ES6
5 4 (2.33%) JavaScript
6 2 (1.16%) C++
6 2 (1.16%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 90 (52.33%) A+ Certification
1 90 (52.33%) CompTIA Security+
2 86 (50.00%) Network+ Certification
3 52 (30.23%) CEH
4 30 (17.44%) CISSP
5 20 (11.63%) CISM
6 18 (10.47%) OSCP
7 17 (9.88%) SANS
8 16 (9.30%) Degree
8 16 (9.30%) GIAC
9 15 (8.72%) Microsoft Certification
10 14 (8.14%) Security Cleared
11 13 (7.56%) OSCE
12 12 (6.98%) Cisco Certification
12 12 (6.98%) EC-Council LPT
12 12 (6.98%) GPEN
13 8 (4.65%) CEPT
13 8 (4.65%) GXPN
13 8 (4.65%) MCSE
13 8 (4.65%) OSWP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (13.95%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 13 (7.56%) Cyber Essentials
3 8 (4.65%) NIST
4 7 (4.07%) NCSC
4 7 (4.07%) PCI DSS
5 6 (3.49%) GDPR
5 6 (3.49%) QA
6 5 (2.91%) COBIT
6 5 (2.91%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 3 (1.74%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 3 (1.74%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (1.74%) SLA
8 2 (1.16%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 2 (1.16%) COSO
8 2 (1.16%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 2 (1.16%) Government Security Classifications
8 2 (1.16%) GRC
8 2 (1.16%) HIPAA
8 2 (1.16%) ITGC
8 2 (1.16%) NIST 800
System Software
1 14 (8.14%) Docker
2 6 (3.49%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.58%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.58%) BitLocker
3 1 (0.58%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 14 (8.14%) Terraform
2 7 (4.07%) Kubernetes
2 7 (4.07%) Nessus
3 6 (3.49%) Kibana
3 6 (3.49%) Oozie
4 5 (2.91%) CSIRT
4 5 (2.91%) EnCase
4 5 (2.91%) QRadar
5 2 (1.16%) Microsoft Intune
5 2 (1.16%) Nexpose
5 2 (1.16%) OpenVAS
6 1 (0.58%) Ansible
6 1 (0.58%) Host Intrusion Detection System
6 1 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.58%) Puppet
Vendors
1 16 (9.30%) Splunk
2 9 (5.23%) Microsoft
3 6 (3.49%) BT
3 6 (3.49%) VMware
4 5 (2.91%) LogRhythm
4 5 (2.91%) Sophos
5 4 (2.33%) Cisco
6 2 (1.16%) AlienVault
6 2 (1.16%) Meraki
6 2 (1.16%) Qualys
7 1 (0.58%) CheckPoint
7 1 (0.58%) Darktrace
7 1 (0.58%) Fortinet
7 1 (0.58%) IBM
7 1 (0.58%) Red Hat
7 1 (0.58%) SAP
7 1 (0.58%) WatchGuard