Period
to 21 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Ethical Hacking skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 21 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Ethical Hacking
UK
6 months to
21 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 865 904 896
Rank change year-on-year +39 -8 +234
Permanent jobs citing Ethical Hacking 349 272 419
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.20% 0.16% 0.20%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.22% 0.18% 0.23%
Number of salaries quoted 265 206 333
UK median annual salary £60,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.00% +4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,250 £36,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% -9.09% -

Ethical Hacking is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 161,258 154,906 183,888
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.84% 90.43% 89.94%
Number of salaries quoted 130,650 127,515 152,786
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,127 £27,875 £27,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +5.66%

Ethical Hacking
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Ethical Hacking as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking.

Salary trend for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking over the 6 months to 21 April 2018.

Salary histogram for Ethical Hacking in the UK

Ethical Hacking
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking within the UK over the 6 months to 21 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +56 338 £60,000 -4.00% 28
UK excluding London +1 200 £55,000 +10.00% 17
London +29 142 £72,500 - 13
South East +42 107 £65,000 -3.70% 4
North of England +7 36 £48,500 +4.99% 2
North West +14 28 £48,500 -10.60%
South West -23 28 £45,000 -2.17% 2
Midlands -6 17 £60,000 +50.00% 3
West Midlands -9 13 £60,000 +50.00% 1
East of England -29 6 £42,500 -34.62% 4
North East -25 5 £50,000 +11.11%
East Midlands +4 4 £62,500 +64.47% 2
Scotland -42 4 £40,000 -5.88%
Yorkshire +17 3 £42,500 +3.16% 2
Wales - 3 £36,412 - 2

For the 6 months to 21 April 2018, IT jobs citing Ethical Hacking also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Ethical Hacking.

1 199 (57.02%) Penetration Testing
2 176 (50.43%) Cybersecurity
3 139 (39.83%) CISSP
4 126 (36.10%) Information Security
5 103 (29.51%) Firewall
6 82 (23.50%) CEH
7 80 (22.92%) Finance
8 74 (21.20%) SIEM
9 73 (20.92%) SANS
9 73 (20.92%) Java
10 62 (17.77%) Cisco Certification
11 61 (17.48%) CISM
11 61 (17.48%) OWASP
12 57 (16.33%) Windows
13 52 (14.90%) Management Information System
13 52 (14.90%) Network Security
14 49 (14.04%) TCP/IP
15 48 (13.75%) Linux
15 48 (13.75%) C
15 48 (13.75%) Degree
16 46 (13.18%) Risk Management
17 45 (12.89%) C++
17 45 (12.89%) Security Architecture
17 45 (12.89%) Malware Analysis
17 45 (12.89%) Security Operations
18 43 (12.32%) Python
19 41 (11.75%) CREST Certified
20 40 (11.46%) PHP
21 39 (11.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
22 38 (10.89%) Internet

Ethical Hacking
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (3.15%) Apache Pig
2 9 (2.58%) Apache
Applications
1 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 1 (0.29%) SunGard APT
Cloud Services
1 27 (7.74%) Amazon AWS
2 18 (5.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 15 (4.30%) Google Cloud Platform
4 4 (1.15%) Cloud Computing
4 4 (1.15%) Sauce Labs
5 3 (0.86%) SaaS
6 2 (0.57%) Office 365
7 1 (0.29%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.29%) Amazon ELB
7 1 (0.29%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.29%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 103 (29.51%) Firewall
2 52 (14.90%) Network Security
3 49 (14.04%) TCP/IP
4 38 (10.89%) Internet
5 36 (10.32%) Intrusion Detection
6 18 (5.16%) WAN
7 14 (4.01%) HTTP
7 14 (4.01%) SCCP
8 13 (3.72%) Wireless
9 11 (3.15%) SSL
10 9 (2.58%) VPN
11 7 (2.01%) LAN
12 4 (1.15%) Wi-Fi
12 4 (1.15%) Wireless Security
13 3 (0.86%) DNS
13 3 (0.86%) VLAN
13 3 (0.86%) VoIP
14 2 (0.57%) Broadband
14 2 (0.57%) HTTPS
14 2 (0.57%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (5.73%) MySQL
2 11 (3.15%) Apache Hive
2 11 (3.15%) Big Data
2 11 (3.15%) Hadoop
2 11 (3.15%) SQL Server
3 1 (0.29%) Blockchain
3 1 (0.29%) dBASE
Development Applications
1 16 (4.58%) Git (software)
2 15 (4.30%) Selenium
3 13 (3.72%) Metasploit
4 11 (3.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 11 (3.15%) Bitbucket
4 11 (3.15%) CodeSonar
4 11 (3.15%) git-flow
4 11 (3.15%) JIRA
4 11 (3.15%) Robot Framework
5 9 (2.58%) AppScan
6 6 (1.72%) Burp Suite
7 4 (1.15%) Appium
7 4 (1.15%) Cucumber
8 2 (0.57%) IDA Disassembler
8 2 (0.57%) Jenkins
9 1 (0.29%) SpecFlow
9 1 (0.29%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 80 (22.92%) Finance
2 18 (5.16%) Advertising
3 16 (4.58%) Publishing
4 12 (3.44%) Legal
5 10 (2.87%) Banking
5 10 (2.87%) Telecoms
6 9 (2.58%) Retail
7 6 (1.72%) Automotive
7 6 (1.72%) Financial Institution
7 6 (1.72%) Marketing
8 3 (0.86%) Games
9 2 (0.57%) Law
10 1 (0.29%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.29%) Electronics
10 1 (0.29%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 68 (19.48%) Tester
2 67 (19.20%) Penetration Tester
3 63 (18.05%) Analyst
4 58 (16.62%) Security Analyst
5 37 (10.60%) Consultant
5 37 (10.60%) Security Engineer
6 34 (9.74%) Security Consultant
7 33 (9.46%) Security Manager
8 27 (7.74%) Cybersecurity Engineer
9 26 (7.45%) Security Specialist
10 24 (6.88%) Architect
10 24 (6.88%) Ethical Hacker
10 24 (6.88%) Security Architect
11 21 (6.02%) Cybersecurity Analyst
11 21 (6.02%) Senior Tester
12 20 (5.73%) Senior Penetration Tester
13 17 (4.87%) Security Researcher
14 14 (4.01%) Cybersecurity Consultant
15 12 (3.44%) Information Manager
15 12 (3.44%) Information Security Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (6.02%) REST
2 17 (4.87%) HTML
3 15 (4.30%) .NET
3 15 (4.30%) Web Services
4 11 (3.15%) .NET Framework
4 11 (3.15%) ASP.NET
4 11 (3.15%) Django
4 11 (3.15%) Java EE
4 11 (3.15%) LAMP
4 11 (3.15%) Node.js
4 11 (3.15%) RabbitMQ
4 11 (3.15%) SOAP
4 11 (3.15%) Spring MVC
4 11 (3.15%) STL
5 4 (1.15%) Nightwatchjs
6 3 (0.86%) 802.1X
6 3 (0.86%) Middleware
7 2 (0.57%) CSS
8 1 (0.29%) LDAP
8 1 (0.29%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 52 (14.90%) Management Information System
2 37 (10.60%) Analytical Skills
3 30 (8.60%) Computer Science
4 24 (6.88%) Security Operations Centre
5 19 (5.44%) Cyberattack
6 16 (4.58%) Blog
7 15 (4.30%) Cyberthreat
7 15 (4.30%) Xbox
8 14 (4.01%) Fintech
9 13 (3.72%) Cyber Kill Chain
10 10 (2.87%) Data Centre
11 7 (2.01%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 7 (2.01%) Internet of Things
11 7 (2.01%) Self-Motivation
12 5 (1.43%) Linux Command Line
13 3 (0.86%) CESG
13 3 (0.86%) Cyber Defence
13 3 (0.86%) PKI
14 2 (0.57%) Replication
14 2 (0.57%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 57 (16.33%) Windows
2 48 (13.75%) Linux
3 25 (7.16%) Apple iOS
4 24 (6.88%) Unix
5 20 (5.73%) Android
6 11 (3.15%) Mac OS X
7 9 (2.58%) FreeBSD
8 7 (2.01%) Windows Server
8 7 (2.01%) Windows Server 2008
9 4 (1.15%) Kali Linux
10 3 (0.86%) VxWorks
11 1 (0.29%) CentOS
11 1 (0.29%) Debian
11 1 (0.29%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 199 (57.02%) Penetration Testing
2 176 (50.43%) Cybersecurity
3 126 (36.10%) Information Security
4 74 (21.20%) SIEM
5 61 (17.48%) OWASP
6 46 (13.18%) Risk Management
7 45 (12.89%) Malware Analysis
7 45 (12.89%) Security Architecture
7 45 (12.89%) Security Operations
8 36 (10.32%) SDLC
8 36 (10.32%) Vulnerability Assessment
9 33 (9.46%) ITIL
10 32 (9.17%) Security Testing
11 30 (8.60%) Reverse Engineering
12 28 (8.02%) Threat Modelling
13 27 (7.74%) Incident Management
13 27 (7.74%) Stakeholder Management
14 25 (7.16%) Cryptography
14 25 (7.16%) Open Source
15 21 (6.02%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 73 (20.92%) Java
2 48 (13.75%) C
3 45 (12.89%) C++
4 43 (12.32%) Python
5 40 (11.46%) PHP
6 26 (7.45%) SQL
7 25 (7.16%) C#
7 25 (7.16%) JavaScript
8 19 (5.44%) PowerShell
8 19 (5.44%) Shell Script
9 13 (3.72%) Bash Shell
10 11 (3.15%) Objective-C
11 5 (1.43%) Apple Swift
12 4 (1.15%) Perl
13 3 (0.86%) Ruby
13 3 (0.86%) VB.NET
14 1 (0.29%) Assembly Language
Qualifications
1 139 (39.83%) CISSP
2 82 (23.50%) CEH
3 73 (20.92%) SANS
4 62 (17.77%) Cisco Certification
5 61 (17.48%) CISM
6 48 (13.75%) Degree
7 41 (11.75%) CREST Certified
8 36 (10.32%) GIAC
9 34 (9.74%) OSCP
10 29 (8.31%) CCNA
11 26 (7.45%) Security Cleared
12 24 (6.88%) CISA
13 22 (6.30%) Computer Science Degree
14 21 (6.02%) CCNP
15 18 (5.16%) CCSP
16 17 (4.87%) (ISC)2 CCSP
17 14 (4.01%) CSSLP
18 13 (3.72%) GSEC
18 13 (3.72%) MCSE
18 13 (3.72%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (11.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 22 (6.30%) PCI DSS
3 15 (4.30%) GCP
3 15 (4.30%) GDPR
4 14 (4.01%) HIPAA
5 12 (3.44%) COBIT
5 12 (3.44%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 7 (2.01%) Cyber Essentials
6 7 (2.01%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (1.15%) ISO 9001
7 4 (1.15%) Web Application Security Consortium
8 3 (0.86%) GPG13
8 3 (0.86%) MiFID
9 2 (0.57%) BS7799
9 2 (0.57%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 2 (0.57%) QA
10 1 (0.29%) ISO 22301
10 1 (0.29%) SLA
System Software
1 12 (3.44%) Docker
2 11 (3.15%) vSphere
3 3 (0.86%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.29%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 12 (3.44%) Puppet
2 11 (3.15%) Salt
3 10 (2.87%) WebInspect
4 9 (2.58%) Juniper STRM
4 9 (2.58%) QRadar
4 9 (2.58%) RSA enVision
4 9 (2.58%) RSA Security Analytics
5 7 (2.01%) Nessus
6 6 (1.72%) Nexpose
7 5 (1.43%) CSIRT
7 5 (1.43%) McAfee ePO
8 3 (0.86%) Nmap
9 1 (0.29%) Ansible
9 1 (0.29%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
9 1 (0.29%) FortiGate
9 1 (0.29%) HP Fortify
9 1 (0.29%) logstash
9 1 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 25 (7.16%) Cisco
2 16 (4.58%) LogRhythm
2 16 (4.58%) Sophos
3 14 (4.01%) Microsoft
3 14 (4.01%) Veracode
4 11 (3.15%) Juniper
5 10 (2.87%) CheckPoint
5 10 (2.87%) IBM
6 9 (2.58%) Qualys
6 9 (2.58%) Sun
7 7 (2.01%) McAfee
7 7 (2.01%) Symantec
8 4 (1.15%) New Relic
8 4 (1.15%) Splunk
9 3 (0.86%) Capita
9 3 (0.86%) LogLogic
9 3 (0.86%) VMware
10 2 (0.57%) Codenomicon
10 2 (0.57%) Forcepoint
10 2 (0.57%) Oracle