Period
to 19 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 19 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
19 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 20 20 14
Rank change year-on-year 0 -6 +1
Permanent jobs citing Degree 10,404 8,316 16,868
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 10.12% 10.16% 11.74%
As % of the Qualifications category 45.33% 46.80% 47.59%
Number of salaries quoted 5,882 6,172 12,022
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,013 £26,250
25th Percentile £40,000 £37,000 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £51,500 £49,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.80% +5.10% +3.16%
75th Percentile £74,000 £68,750 £66,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +11.76% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 22,953 17,769 35,448
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.32% 21.70% 24.66%
Number of salaries quoted 12,989 13,328 25,803
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,250 £26,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +1.01%
75th Percentile £72,500 £70,000 £66,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +0.94%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 19 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 19 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 9,132 £55,000 +4.76% 2,553
UK excluding London -1 5,501 £47,500 - 1,963
London -3 3,984 £67,500 +12.50% 770
South East +3 2,005 £50,000 - 505
Work from Home +20 1,769 £57,500 +27.78% 421
North of England -7 851 £46,425 -0.16% 391
South West -5 835 £47,500 +5.56% 236
Midlands -6 687 £45,000 -5.26% 311
East of England +6 635 £50,000 +5.26% 332
West Midlands +3 476 £47,500 - 201
North West -16 416 £45,000 -7.69% 189
Yorkshire +14 353 £50,000 +20.23% 137
Scotland -2 310 £43,055 -3.79% 108
East Midlands -12 214 £41,633 -12.81% 110
Wales -5 112 £42,683 +6.71% 68
Northern Ireland +1 101 £41,250 -8.33% 14
North East -16 84 £39,000 -13.33% 65
Isle of Man -20 1 - -

For the 6 months to 19 June 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 4,344 (41.75%) Computer Science
2 3,668 (35.26%) Social Skills
3 3,139 (30.17%) Agile Software Development
4 2,486 (23.89%) Computer Science Degree
5 2,364 (22.72%) Finance
6 2,359 (22.67%) SQL
7 2,144 (20.61%) Software Engineering
8 2,100 (20.18%) JavaScript
9 2,089 (20.08%) Python
10 2,001 (19.23%) Problem-Solving
11 1,711 (16.45%) Analytical Skills
12 1,691 (16.25%) Java
13 1,504 (14.46%) Azure
14 1,496 (14.38%) Microsoft
15 1,464 (14.07%) C#
16 1,455 (13.99%) AWS
17 1,371 (13.18%) Mathematics
18 1,306 (12.55%) DevOps
19 1,230 (11.82%) Linux
20 1,143 (10.99%) Project Management
21 1,134 (10.90%) Analytics
22 1,130 (10.86%) CSS
23 1,108 (10.65%) .NET
24 1,064 (10.23%) HTML
25 1,033 (9.93%) React
26 1,005 (9.66%) Git (software)
27 954 (9.17%) Scrum
28 902 (8.67%) Microservices
29 899 (8.64%) Docker
30 898 (8.63%) Test Automation

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 325 (3.12%) SAS
2 298 (2.86%) SharePoint
3 296 (2.85%) Apache Spark
4 212 (2.04%) Apache
5 204 (1.96%) Confluence
6 137 (1.32%) IIS
7 129 (1.24%) CMS
8 124 (1.19%) Elasticsearch
9 119 (1.14%) GemFire
10 70 (0.67%) Tomcat
11 61 (0.59%) nginx
12 42 (0.40%) Skype for Business
13 39 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
14 38 (0.37%) MS Exchange
15 35 (0.34%) WordPress
16 34 (0.33%) Apache Airflow
17 33 (0.32%) Jupyter
18 30 (0.29%) OpenStack
19 29 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 17 (0.16%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 530 (5.09%) Microsoft Office
2 446 (4.29%) Microsoft Excel
3 164 (1.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 105 (1.01%) Simulink
5 71 (0.68%) MS Visio
6 69 (0.66%) Microsoft Project
7 63 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
8 46 (0.44%) Stateflow
9 38 (0.37%) Sketch
10 37 (0.36%) InVision
11 34 (0.33%) Figma
11 34 (0.33%) Photoshop
12 29 (0.28%) SPSS
13 28 (0.27%) AutoCAD
14 26 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 21 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
16 20 (0.19%) Adobe XD
17 14 (0.13%) UXPin
18 13 (0.12%) Zemax
19 11 (0.11%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 113 (1.09%) Dynamics CRM
2 40 (0.38%) NetSuite
3 35 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
4 32 (0.31%) Oracle Clinical
5 27 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
6 23 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
7 21 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 18 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
9 15 (0.14%) Magento
9 15 (0.14%) SAP ERP
9 15 (0.14%) Shopify
10 14 (0.13%) FastStats
11 12 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
11 12 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
12 11 (0.11%) Oracle Assets
12 11 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
12 11 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
12 11 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
13 9 (0.087%) Sentinel
13 9 (0.087%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,504 (14.46%) Azure
2 1,455 (13.99%) AWS
3 580 (5.57%) SaaS
4 521 (5.01%) GCP
5 426 (4.09%) Power Platform
6 394 (3.79%) GitHub
7 363 (3.49%) Microsoft 365
8 278 (2.67%) PaaS
9 252 (2.42%) Serverless
10 182 (1.75%) Cloud Computing
11 146 (1.40%) Azure Active Directory
12 139 (1.34%) IaaS
13 115 (1.11%) Amazon S3
14 112 (1.08%) AWS Lambda
15 111 (1.07%) Amazon EC2
15 111 (1.07%) Dynamics 365
16 110 (1.06%) Amazon Kinesis
17 98 (0.94%) AWS CloudFormation
18 92 (0.88%) PowerApps
19 78 (0.75%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 282 (2.71%) Firewall
2 242 (2.33%) Internet
3 188 (1.81%) TCP/IP
4 130 (1.25%) DNS
5 126 (1.21%) LAN
5 126 (1.21%) VPN
6 123 (1.18%) WAN
7 119 (1.14%) HTTP
7 119 (1.14%) Wireless
8 106 (1.02%) Network Security
9 85 (0.82%) VoIP
10 69 (0.66%) Wi-Fi
11 66 (0.63%) Broadband
12 60 (0.58%) Ethernet
13 59 (0.57%) SAN
14 58 (0.56%) 5G
15 57 (0.55%) Wireshark
16 53 (0.51%) DHCP
17 52 (0.50%) BGP
18 51 (0.49%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 873 (8.39%) SQL Server
2 652 (6.27%) NoSQL
3 572 (5.50%) Relational Database
4 491 (4.72%) Big Data
5 452 (4.34%) PostgreSQL
6 359 (3.45%) Power BI
7 322 (3.09%) MySQL
8 318 (3.06%) MongoDB
9 276 (2.65%) Tableau
10 250 (2.40%) Data Warehouse
11 191 (1.84%) Redis
12 183 (1.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 181 (1.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 170 (1.63%) Hadoop
15 156 (1.50%) MariaDB
16 140 (1.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 138 (1.33%) Data Mining
18 131 (1.26%) HBase
19 127 (1.22%) RDBMS
20 114 (1.10%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,005 (9.66%) Git (software)
2 521 (5.01%) Jenkins
3 473 (4.55%) JIRA
4 214 (2.06%) Selenium
5 213 (2.05%) Gradle
6 208 (2.00%) Visual Studio
7 200 (1.92%) JUnit
8 197 (1.89%) Cypress.io
9 191 (1.84%) Cucumber
10 171 (1.64%) Subversion
11 162 (1.56%) GitLab
12 156 (1.50%) Eclipse
13 138 (1.33%) Protractor
14 137 (1.32%) IntelliJ
15 136 (1.31%) Sonatype Nexus
16 135 (1.30%) Mockito
17 132 (1.27%) Storybook
18 129 (1.24%) Artifactory
19 127 (1.22%) Rational DOORS
20 107 (1.03%) SonarQube
General
1 3,668 (35.26%) Social Skills
2 2,364 (22.72%) Finance
3 1,711 (16.45%) Analytical Skills
4 808 (7.77%) Marketing
5 580 (5.57%) Banking
6 578 (5.56%) Pharmaceutical
7 511 (4.91%) Law
8 472 (4.54%) Presentation Skills
9 455 (4.37%) Manufacturing
10 454 (4.36%) Telecoms
11 420 (4.04%) Public Sector
12 417 (4.01%) Games
13 408 (3.92%) Electronics
14 389 (3.74%) Retail
15 319 (3.07%) Organisational Skills
16 263 (2.53%) Influencing Skills
17 258 (2.48%) Legal
18 215 (2.07%) Aerospace
19 149 (1.43%) Advertising
20 142 (1.36%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,427 (23.33%) Developer
2 1,152 (11.07%) Software Engineer
3 956 (9.19%) Analyst
4 500 (4.81%) Architect
5 475 (4.57%) Consultant
6 466 (4.48%) Senior Developer
7 424 (4.08%) Software Developer
8 340 (3.27%) .NET Developer
9 335 (3.22%) Junior
10 314 (3.02%) Graduate
11 292 (2.81%) Java Developer
12 285 (2.74%) C# Developer
13 274 (2.63%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 267 (2.57%) Programmer
15 263 (2.53%) Full Stack Developer
16 262 (2.52%) Systems Engineer
17 252 (2.42%) Senior Software Engineer
18 217 (2.09%) Data Manager
19 193 (1.86%) Business Analyst
20 192 (1.85%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,130 (10.86%) CSS
2 1,108 (10.65%) .NET
3 1,064 (10.23%) HTML
4 1,033 (9.93%) React
5 881 (8.47%) Node.js
6 822 (7.90%) AngularJS
7 666 (6.40%) REST
8 591 (5.68%) Web Services
9 459 (4.41%) RESTful
10 376 (3.61%) Spring
11 361 (3.47%) .NET Core
12 352 (3.38%) Kafka
13 342 (3.29%) Vue.js
14 318 (3.06%) HTML5
15 295 (2.84%) ASP.NET
16 293 (2.82%) jQuery
17 287 (2.76%) JSON
18 285 (2.74%) .NET Framework
19 266 (2.56%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 250 (2.40%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 768 (7.38%) User Experience
2 664 (6.38%) Management Information System
3 606 (5.82%) Self-Motivation
4 598 (5.75%) Algorithms
5 410 (3.94%) Life Science
6 331 (3.18%) Data Structures
7 323 (3.10%) Mobile App
8 258 (2.48%) Data Centre
9 200 (1.92%) Public Cloud
10 181 (1.74%) Virtual Team
11 170 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
12 156 (1.50%) Linux Command Line
13 144 (1.38%) Greenfield Project
14 141 (1.36%) Cloud Native
15 139 (1.34%) Blog
16 137 (1.32%) Driving Licence
17 134 (1.29%) Client/Server
18 119 (1.14%) Robotics
19 114 (1.10%) Biotechnology
20 111 (1.07%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 1,230 (11.82%) Linux
2 880 (8.46%) Windows
3 402 (3.86%) Unix
4 276 (2.65%) Android
5 216 (2.08%) Windows Server
6 196 (1.88%) Apple iOS
7 89 (0.86%) Windows 10
8 67 (0.64%) Embedded Linux
9 63 (0.61%) Windows Server 2016
10 58 (0.56%) CentOS
11 52 (0.50%) Ubuntu
12 39 (0.37%) Windows 7
13 34 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
14 32 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 29 (0.28%) Mac OS
16 28 (0.27%) Debian
17 18 (0.17%) Windows Server 2019
18 12 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
19 11 (0.11%) Mac OS X
19 11 (0.11%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,344 (41.75%) Computer Science
2 3,139 (30.17%) Agile Software Development
3 2,144 (20.61%) Software Engineering
4 2,001 (19.23%) Problem-Solving
5 1,371 (13.18%) Mathematics
6 1,306 (12.55%) DevOps
7 1,143 (10.99%) Project Management
8 1,134 (10.90%) Analytics
9 954 (9.17%) Scrum
10 902 (8.67%) Microservices
11 898 (8.63%) Test Automation
12 867 (8.33%) Mentoring
13 756 (7.27%) Validation
14 748 (7.19%) Business Intelligence
15 738 (7.09%) OO
16 659 (6.33%) Decision-Making
16 659 (6.33%) Machine Learning
17 638 (6.13%) SDLC
18 630 (6.06%) TDD
19 622 (5.98%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 2,359 (22.67%) SQL
2 2,100 (20.18%) JavaScript
3 2,089 (20.08%) Python
4 1,691 (16.25%) Java
5 1,464 (14.07%) C#
6 847 (8.14%) C++
7 640 (6.15%) C
8 584 (5.61%) TypeScript
9 312 (3.00%) PowerShell
10 293 (2.82%) Go
11 284 (2.73%) R
12 251 (2.41%) PHP
13 232 (2.23%) Bash Shell
14 222 (2.13%) T-SQL
15 215 (2.07%) MATLAB
16 184 (1.77%) ES6
16 184 (1.77%) Scala
17 158 (1.52%) Shell Script
18 153 (1.47%) Ruby
19 140 (1.35%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 2,486 (23.89%) Computer Science Degree
2 741 (7.12%) Master's Degree
3 538 (5.17%) Security Cleared
4 376 (3.61%) Numerate Degree
5 342 (3.29%) SC Cleared
6 292 (2.81%) PhD
7 165 (1.59%) CISSP
8 162 (1.56%) Microsoft Certification
9 151 (1.45%) HND
10 149 (1.43%) Cisco Certification
11 124 (1.19%) HNC
12 113 (1.09%) Oracle Certification
13 110 (1.06%) OCP
14 109 (1.05%) DV Cleared
15 97 (0.93%) CISM
16 95 (0.91%) ISTQB
16 95 (0.91%) MBA
17 87 (0.84%) PMI Certification
18 83 (0.80%) CCNA
19 76 (0.73%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 631 (6.06%) QA
2 201 (1.93%) Data Quality
3 178 (1.71%) GDPR
4 148 (1.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 144 (1.38%) CDISC
6 141 (1.36%) Good Clinical Practice
7 128 (1.23%) SLA
8 113 (1.09%) Accessibility
9 96 (0.92%) NIST
10 84 (0.81%) PMO
11 54 (0.52%) PCI DSS
12 50 (0.48%) Cyber Essentials
13 49 (0.47%) GRC
14 48 (0.46%) MISRA
15 42 (0.40%) 21 CFR Part 11
16 33 (0.32%) GMP
17 25 (0.24%) ISO 9001
17 25 (0.24%) MISRA C
18 24 (0.23%) NEBOSH
19 23 (0.22%) GLP
System Software
1 899 (8.64%) Docker
2 395 (3.80%) Active Directory
3 309 (2.97%) VMware Infrastructure
4 145 (1.39%) Firmware
5 120 (1.15%) HDFS
6 69 (0.66%) Hyper-V
7 58 (0.56%) vSphere
8 51 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
9 32 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
10 25 (0.24%) KVM
11 19 (0.18%) iptables
12 17 (0.16%) Kamailio
12 17 (0.16%) Postfix
13 15 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
14 13 (0.12%) QEMU
14 13 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
15 10 (0.096%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 10 (0.096%) XenApp
15 10 (0.096%) XenDesktop
16 9 (0.087%) Xen
Systems Management
1 687 (6.60%) Kubernetes
2 375 (3.60%) Ansible
3 348 (3.34%) Terraform
4 199 (1.91%) Opscode Chef
5 158 (1.52%) Puppet
6 95 (0.91%) SCCM
7 70 (0.67%) Microsoft Intune
8 48 (0.46%) Grafana
9 41 (0.39%) Prometheus
10 29 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
11 18 (0.17%) HP UCMDB
11 18 (0.17%) ZABBIX
12 17 (0.16%) BMC PATROL
12 17 (0.16%) Kibana
13 16 (0.15%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 14 (0.13%) HAProxy
14 14 (0.13%) HP Quality Center
14 14 (0.13%) Salt
15 13 (0.12%) Nessus
15 13 (0.12%) Nmap
Vendors
1 1,496 (14.38%) Microsoft
2 576 (5.54%) Oracle
3 502 (4.83%) Google
4 413 (3.97%) VMware
5 393 (3.78%) SAP
6 217 (2.09%) Cisco
7 181 (1.74%) Salesforce.com
8 114 (1.10%) Adobe
8 114 (1.10%) IBM
8 114 (1.10%) Okta
9 111 (1.07%) Instagram
10 104 (1.00%) Databricks
11 103 (0.99%) Facebook
12 101 (0.97%) EMC
13 92 (0.88%) Citrix
14 76 (0.73%) Atlassian
14 76 (0.73%) HP
15 73 (0.70%) ServiceNow
16 61 (0.59%) YouTube
17 53 (0.51%) Nintex