Period
to 15 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 15 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
15 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 20 18 13
Rank change year-on-year -2 -5 +2
Permanent jobs citing Degree 7,977 11,450 17,930
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.54% 10.19% 12.05%
As % of the Qualifications category 45.83% 47.45% 48.85%
Number of salaries quoted 5,287 8,568 12,828
10th Percentile £29,250 £27,500 £26,250
25th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £74,750 £67,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 17,405 24,131 36,705
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.81% 21.47% 24.66%
Number of salaries quoted 11,777 18,165 26,831
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,000 £26,400
25th Percentile £41,250 £36,250 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £51,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.84% +2.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £72,500 £67,500 £66,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.38% +4.44% +3.45%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 15 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 15 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 7,015 £55,000 +10.00% 2,287
UK excluding London -5 4,412 £47,500 +5.56% 1,765
London -3 2,944 £67,500 +12.50% 711
South East -2 1,442 £50,000 +5.26% 425
Work from Home +12 1,233 £57,750 +21.58% 464
North of England -3 770 £47,500 +5.56% 379
South West -4 649 £45,000 - 205
Midlands -3 559 £46,855 +2.89% 286
East of England +5 549 £50,000 +5.26% 276
West Midlands +3 404 £50,000 +16.28% 185
North West -9 387 £47,500 +5.56% 197
Yorkshire +16 307 £50,000 +29.03% 122
Scotland -1 290 £43,132 +1.49% 128
East Midlands -20 158 £42,500 -10.53% 99
Northern Ireland +9 96 £42,500 -5.56% 24
Wales -7 92 £43,500 +2.35% 44
North East -6 77 £40,000 -13.98% 61
Isle of Man -19 1 - -

For the 6 months to 15 April 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 3,153 (39.53%) Computer Science
2 2,270 (28.46%) Agile Software Development
3 1,951 (24.46%) SQL
4 1,828 (22.92%) Computer Science Degree
5 1,694 (21.24%) JavaScript
6 1,685 (21.12%) Finance
7 1,637 (20.52%) Python
8 1,549 (19.42%) Problem-Solving
9 1,453 (18.21%) Software Engineering
10 1,305 (16.36%) C#
11 1,279 (16.03%) Java
12 1,263 (15.83%) Microsoft
13 1,256 (15.75%) Analytical Skills
14 1,150 (14.42%) Azure
15 1,051 (13.18%) Mathematics
16 1,012 (12.69%) .NET
17 949 (11.90%) AWS
18 933 (11.70%) DevOps
19 896 (11.23%) CSS
20 889 (11.14%) Linux
21 886 (11.11%) HTML
22 825 (10.34%) Analytics
23 791 (9.92%) Test Automation
24 783 (9.82%) SQL Server
25 766 (9.60%) Project Management
26 765 (9.59%) React
27 755 (9.46%) Git (software)
28 708 (8.88%) Windows
29 687 (8.61%) Scrum
30 645 (8.09%) Docker

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 261 (3.27%) SharePoint
2 197 (2.47%) SAS
3 179 (2.24%) Confluence
4 134 (1.68%) Apache Spark
5 111 (1.39%) IIS
6 107 (1.34%) CMS
7 94 (1.18%) Apache
8 68 (0.85%) Tomcat
9 67 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
10 47 (0.59%) MS Exchange
10 47 (0.59%) nginx
11 32 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 29 (0.36%) WordPress
13 28 (0.35%) Skype for Business
14 26 (0.33%) Jupyter
15 23 (0.29%) OpenStack
16 21 (0.26%) ArcGIS
16 21 (0.26%) GemFire
17 17 (0.21%) SharePoint Server
18 15 (0.19%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 364 (4.56%) Microsoft Office
2 320 (4.01%) Microsoft Excel
3 104 (1.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 61 (0.76%) Simulink
5 55 (0.69%) MS Visio
6 49 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
7 39 (0.49%) Microsoft Project
8 36 (0.45%) Stateflow
9 28 (0.35%) AutoCAD
10 27 (0.34%) Photoshop
11 24 (0.30%) Figma
12 23 (0.29%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 23 (0.29%) Sketch
13 22 (0.28%) InVision
14 16 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
15 15 (0.19%) SPSS
16 9 (0.11%) OrCAD
16 9 (0.11%) Revit
17 8 (0.10%) Adobe XD
17 8 (0.10%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 127 (1.59%) Dynamics CRM
2 28 (0.35%) NetSuite
3 27 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
4 26 (0.33%) Remedy ITSM
5 25 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
6 19 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 16 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
8 15 (0.19%) Magento
9 13 (0.16%) SAP ERP
9 13 (0.16%) Sentinel
10 12 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
11 11 (0.14%) Oracle Clinical
11 11 (0.14%) SAP SD
12 10 (0.13%) FINCAD Analytics
13 8 (0.10%) FastStats
13 8 (0.10%) Shopify
14 7 (0.088%) Oracle Payables
14 7 (0.088%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
14 7 (0.088%) SAP EWM
14 7 (0.088%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,150 (14.42%) Azure
2 949 (11.90%) AWS
3 447 (5.60%) SaaS
4 332 (4.16%) Power Platform
5 329 (4.12%) GCP
6 282 (3.54%) Microsoft 365
7 239 (3.00%) PaaS
8 184 (2.31%) GitHub
9 155 (1.94%) Serverless
10 134 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
11 127 (1.59%) IaaS
12 123 (1.54%) Azure Active Directory
13 108 (1.35%) Dynamics 365
14 81 (1.02%) Amazon S3
15 76 (0.95%) AWS Lambda
16 75 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
17 65 (0.81%) PowerApps
18 54 (0.68%) Google Analytics
19 51 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
20 36 (0.45%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 267 (3.35%) Firewall
2 205 (2.57%) Internet
3 129 (1.62%) TCP/IP
4 114 (1.43%) DNS
5 107 (1.34%) Wireless
6 106 (1.33%) LAN
7 104 (1.30%) WAN
8 90 (1.13%) VPN
9 89 (1.12%) Network Security
10 74 (0.93%) HTTP
11 68 (0.85%) VoIP
12 54 (0.68%) SSL
13 46 (0.58%) Skype
13 46 (0.58%) Wi-Fi
14 43 (0.54%) SAN
15 40 (0.50%) DHCP
16 39 (0.49%) BGP
16 39 (0.49%) Wireshark
17 38 (0.48%) Unified Communications
18 35 (0.44%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 783 (9.82%) SQL Server
2 373 (4.68%) Relational Database
3 372 (4.66%) NoSQL
4 330 (4.14%) Big Data
5 265 (3.32%) PostgreSQL
6 263 (3.30%) Power BI
7 257 (3.22%) MySQL
8 227 (2.85%) MongoDB
9 212 (2.66%) Tableau
10 204 (2.56%) Data Warehouse
11 155 (1.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 152 (1.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 111 (1.39%) Hadoop
14 96 (1.20%) RDBMS
15 88 (1.10%) Data Mining
16 82 (1.03%) Redis
17 75 (0.94%) Oracle Database
18 67 (0.84%) Data Lake
19 60 (0.75%) Amazon Redshift
20 51 (0.64%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 755 (9.46%) Git (software)
2 394 (4.94%) JIRA
3 291 (3.65%) Jenkins
4 200 (2.51%) Selenium
5 178 (2.23%) Visual Studio
6 145 (1.82%) Subversion
7 117 (1.47%) Team Foundation Server
8 99 (1.24%) Maven
9 96 (1.20%) Gradle
10 84 (1.05%) Cucumber
11 82 (1.03%) GitLab
11 82 (1.03%) JUnit
11 82 (1.03%) Rational DOORS
12 79 (0.99%) Visual Studio Team System
13 66 (0.83%) Cypress.io
13 66 (0.83%) webpack
14 63 (0.79%) Bitbucket
15 61 (0.76%) Mercurial
16 57 (0.71%) Artifactory
17 54 (0.68%) Mockito
General
1 1,685 (21.12%) Finance
2 598 (7.50%) Marketing
3 357 (4.48%) Manufacturing
4 352 (4.41%) Public Sector
5 349 (4.38%) Electronics
6 347 (4.35%) Telecoms
7 315 (3.95%) Banking
8 288 (3.61%) Pharmaceutical
9 276 (3.46%) Retail
10 248 (3.11%) Law
11 241 (3.02%) Games
12 197 (2.47%) Aerospace
13 186 (2.33%) Legal
14 123 (1.54%) Advertising
15 111 (1.39%) Automotive
16 92 (1.15%) Front Office
17 66 (0.83%) Local Government
18 63 (0.79%) French Language
19 57 (0.71%) Military
20 56 (0.70%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2,142 (26.85%) Developer
2 757 (9.49%) Software Engineer
3 696 (8.73%) Analyst
4 444 (5.57%) Senior Developer
5 425 (5.33%) Consultant
6 421 (5.28%) Software Developer
7 400 (5.01%) Graduate
8 383 (4.80%) Architect
9 333 (4.17%) .NET Developer
10 309 (3.87%) Junior
11 297 (3.72%) C# Developer
12 264 (3.31%) Java Developer
13 218 (2.73%) Full Stack Developer
14 192 (2.41%) Systems Engineer
15 177 (2.22%) C# .NET Developer
15 177 (2.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 176 (2.21%) Graduate Developer
17 165 (2.07%) Python Engineer
18 158 (1.98%) Junior Developer
19 153 (1.92%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,012 (12.69%) .NET
2 896 (11.23%) CSS
3 886 (11.11%) HTML
4 765 (9.59%) React
5 608 (7.62%) Node.js
6 498 (6.24%) AngularJS
7 478 (5.99%) REST
8 386 (4.84%) Web Services
9 364 (4.56%) .NET Core
10 287 (3.60%) .NET Framework
11 280 (3.51%) Vue.js
12 270 (3.38%) HTML5
13 269 (3.37%) jQuery
14 260 (3.26%) RESTful
15 242 (3.03%) ASP.NET
16 220 (2.76%) XML
17 209 (2.62%) Spring
18 172 (2.16%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 171 (2.14%) JSON
20 156 (1.96%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1,256 (15.75%) Analytical Skills
2 497 (6.23%) Management Information System
3 493 (6.18%) User Experience
4 444 (5.57%) Self-Motivation
5 402 (5.04%) Algorithms
6 255 (3.20%) Mobile App
7 229 (2.87%) Life Science
8 210 (2.63%) Data Structures
9 204 (2.56%) Data Centre
10 155 (1.94%) Public Cloud
11 147 (1.84%) Enterprise Software
12 144 (1.81%) Virtual Team
13 112 (1.40%) Greenfield Project
14 106 (1.33%) N-Tier
15 92 (1.15%) Robotics
16 86 (1.08%) Driving Licence
17 82 (1.03%) Blog
17 82 (1.03%) Social Media
18 80 (1.00%) Client/Server
18 80 (1.00%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 889 (11.14%) Linux
2 708 (8.88%) Windows
3 240 (3.01%) Unix
4 207 (2.59%) Android
5 188 (2.36%) Windows Server
6 168 (2.11%) Apple iOS
7 71 (0.89%) Windows 10
8 57 (0.71%) Windows Server 2016
9 55 (0.69%) Ubuntu
10 49 (0.61%) Embedded Linux
11 46 (0.58%) CentOS
12 35 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
13 33 (0.41%) Mac OS
14 27 (0.34%) Debian
15 26 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 23 (0.29%) Windows 7
17 16 (0.20%) Windows Server 2019
18 13 (0.16%) Mac OS X
18 13 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
19 11 (0.14%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,153 (39.53%) Computer Science
2 2,270 (28.46%) Agile Software Development
3 1,549 (19.42%) Problem-Solving
4 1,453 (18.21%) Software Engineering
5 1,051 (13.18%) Mathematics
6 933 (11.70%) DevOps
7 825 (10.34%) Analytics
8 791 (9.92%) Test Automation
9 766 (9.60%) Project Management
10 687 (8.61%) Scrum
11 603 (7.56%) Mentoring
12 600 (7.52%) Microservices
13 598 (7.50%) Business Intelligence
14 578 (7.25%) OO
15 562 (7.05%) Machine Learning
16 479 (6.00%) Decision-Making
17 470 (5.89%) Continuous Integration
17 470 (5.89%) Fintech
18 457 (5.73%) ITIL
19 448 (5.62%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 1,951 (24.46%) SQL
2 1,694 (21.24%) JavaScript
3 1,637 (20.52%) Python
4 1,305 (16.36%) C#
5 1,279 (16.03%) Java
6 610 (7.65%) C++
7 461 (5.78%) C
8 392 (4.91%) TypeScript
9 243 (3.05%) PowerShell
10 223 (2.80%) PHP
11 204 (2.56%) R
12 193 (2.42%) T-SQL
13 192 (2.41%) Go
14 187 (2.34%) Bash Shell
15 174 (2.18%) ES6
16 123 (1.54%) MATLAB
17 113 (1.42%) Ruby
18 111 (1.39%) Perl
19 95 (1.19%) Java 8
20 93 (1.17%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 1,828 (22.92%) Computer Science Degree
2 454 (5.69%) Master's Degree
3 443 (5.55%) Security Cleared
4 288 (3.61%) Numerate Degree
5 282 (3.54%) SC Cleared
6 226 (2.83%) PhD
7 174 (2.18%) CISSP
8 164 (2.06%) Microsoft Certification
9 150 (1.88%) Cisco Certification
9 150 (1.88%) HND
10 143 (1.79%) HNC
11 122 (1.53%) DV Cleared
12 103 (1.29%) ISTQB
13 90 (1.13%) MCSE
14 83 (1.04%) CISM
15 81 (1.02%) CCNA
16 70 (0.88%) PMI Certification
17 68 (0.85%) CCNP
18 55 (0.69%) ISEB
19 52 (0.65%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 509 (6.38%) QA
2 137 (1.72%) GDPR
3 124 (1.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 115 (1.44%) Data Quality
5 90 (1.13%) CDISC
6 85 (1.07%) SLA
7 72 (0.90%) Good Clinical Practice
8 71 (0.89%) NIST
9 50 (0.63%) GRC
10 42 (0.53%) PCI DSS
11 41 (0.51%) PMO
12 33 (0.41%) Cyber Essentials
13 31 (0.39%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 21 (0.26%) ISO 9001
14 21 (0.26%) MISRA
15 19 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 17 (0.21%) GxP
16 17 (0.21%) MiFID
17 15 (0.19%) ISO 13485
17 15 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 645 (8.09%) Docker
2 314 (3.94%) Active Directory
3 213 (2.67%) VMware Infrastructure
4 116 (1.45%) Firmware
5 69 (0.86%) Hyper-V
6 38 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
7 34 (0.43%) vSphere
8 30 (0.38%) HDFS
9 29 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
10 28 (0.35%) KVM
11 17 (0.21%) Postfix
12 14 (0.18%) Kamailio
13 13 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
13 13 (0.16%) Xen
14 12 (0.15%) iptables
14 12 (0.15%) QEMU
15 7 (0.088%) LXC
15 7 (0.088%) Virtual Servers
16 6 (0.075%) BitLocker
16 6 (0.075%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 492 (6.17%) Kubernetes
2 233 (2.92%) Terraform
3 200 (2.51%) Ansible
4 147 (1.84%) Opscode Chef
5 132 (1.65%) Puppet
6 67 (0.84%) SCCM
7 51 (0.64%) Microsoft Intune
8 30 (0.38%) Prometheus
9 27 (0.34%) Grafana
10 24 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
11 19 (0.24%) HP UCMDB
12 17 (0.21%) ZABBIX
13 16 (0.20%) Salt
14 15 (0.19%) Nagios
14 15 (0.19%) Oracle RMAN
15 14 (0.18%) Data Guard
15 14 (0.18%) HAProxy
15 14 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
15 14 (0.18%) Kibana
16 12 (0.15%) Galera Cluster
Vendors
1 1,263 (15.83%) Microsoft
2 385 (4.83%) Oracle
3 356 (4.46%) Google
4 297 (3.72%) SAP
5 282 (3.54%) VMware
6 194 (2.43%) Cisco
7 164 (2.06%) Salesforce.com
8 118 (1.48%) Twitter
9 98 (1.23%) IBM
10 87 (1.09%) Databricks
11 75 (0.94%) Adobe
12 70 (0.88%) Facebook
13 68 (0.85%) Nintex
14 60 (0.75%) ServiceNow
15 59 (0.74%) Atlassian
15 59 (0.74%) Citrix
16 52 (0.65%) EMC
17 51 (0.64%) HP
17 51 (0.64%) Juniper
18 50 (0.63%) Apple