Period
to 19 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 19 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 14 14
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Degree 19,963 22,462 24,750
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.12% 12.85% 12.94%
As % of the Qualifications category 51.09% 52.61% 48.85%
Number of salaries quoted 14,499 16,837 20,181
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £25,250 £25,500 £25,000
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,250 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 39,076 42,693 50,669
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.72% 24.42% 26.48%
Number of salaries quoted 28,971 32,773 40,692
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.38% +4.44% -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,000 £26,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 18,648 £47,500 +3.26% 3,824
UK excluding London 0 10,867 £42,500 +6.25% 2,918
London +1 8,686 £57,500 +4.55% 1,189
South East 0 3,877 £45,000 +5.88% 751
North of England -8 1,862 £42,000 +5.00% 536
Midlands +3 1,507 £40,725 +16.36% 457
East of England -2 1,503 £42,500 - 529
South West -3 1,220 £40,000 - 367
North West -3 1,131 £42,500 +3.66% 312
West Midlands +3 961 £40,000 +14.29% 273
Scotland -1 670 £40,000 - 171
Yorkshire -2 605 £40,000 - 152
East Midlands 0 535 £42,500 +21.43% 183
Wales +8 241 £37,500 - 76
North East -15 130 £46,250 +15.63% 72
Northern Ireland -9 54 £35,000 -3.45% 37
Isle of Man +5 5 £55,000 +120.00%
Channel Islands -5 5 £29,500 -9.23%

For the 6 months to 19 October 2018, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 7,401 (37.07%) Computer Science
2 6,289 (31.50%) Agile Software Development
3 5,613 (28.12%) Finance
4 5,071 (25.40%) SQL
5 4,361 (21.85%) Computer Science Degree
6 4,283 (21.45%) Java
7 3,691 (18.49%) C#
8 3,687 (18.47%) JavaScript
9 3,655 (18.31%) Problem-Solving
10 3,351 (16.79%) Software Engineering
11 3,221 (16.13%) Analytical Skills
12 3,162 (15.84%) Microsoft
13 2,900 (14.53%) Python
14 2,821 (14.13%) .NET
15 2,797 (14.01%) HTML
16 2,737 (13.71%) SQL Server
17 2,703 (13.54%) Mathematics
18 2,571 (12.88%) Linux
19 2,356 (11.80%) Windows
20 2,241 (11.23%) CSS
21 2,201 (11.03%) Analytics
22 2,123 (10.63%) Project Management
23 2,081 (10.42%) C++
24 1,885 (9.44%) Microsoft Azure
25 1,864 (9.34%) Amazon AWS
26 1,814 (9.09%) Scrum
27 1,598 (8.00%) OO
28 1,585 (7.94%) Test Automation
29 1,583 (7.93%) AngularJS
30 1,530 (7.66%) Git (software)

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 415 (2.08%) Apache Spark
2 413 (2.07%) Apache
3 411 (2.06%) CMS
4 393 (1.97%) SharePoint
5 304 (1.52%) IIS
6 285 (1.43%) Elasticsearch
7 284 (1.42%) SAS
8 260 (1.30%) Tomcat
9 235 (1.18%) Confluence
10 221 (1.11%) MS Exchange
11 157 (0.79%) JBoss
12 132 (0.66%) WebSphere
13 118 (0.59%) WebLogic
14 108 (0.54%) EPiServer
14 108 (0.54%) WordPress
15 90 (0.45%) OpenStack
16 89 (0.45%) nginx
17 81 (0.41%) Sitecore CMS
18 78 (0.39%) Exchange Server 2010
19 71 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 967 (4.84%) Microsoft Office
2 898 (4.50%) Microsoft Excel
3 411 (2.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 234 (1.17%) MS Visio
5 188 (0.94%) Microsoft Project
6 168 (0.84%) Photoshop
7 141 (0.71%) Adobe Illustrator
8 90 (0.45%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 85 (0.43%) SPSS
10 70 (0.35%) InVision
11 66 (0.33%) OmniGraffle
12 58 (0.29%) Simulink
13 29 (0.15%) InDesign
13 29 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
14 18 (0.090%) SOLIDWORKS
15 15 (0.075%) AutoCAD
16 13 (0.065%) Stata
17 12 (0.060%) Stateflow
18 10 (0.050%) RoboHelp
19 9 (0.045%) Adobe After Effects
Business Applications
1 173 (0.87%) Dynamics CRM
2 60 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
3 54 (0.27%) Magento
4 48 (0.24%) Eloqua
4 48 (0.24%) Relativity
4 48 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 45 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
5 45 (0.23%) thinkFolio
6 43 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
7 39 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
8 35 (0.18%) NetSuite
9 34 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
10 31 (0.16%) Cognos TM1
11 30 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
12 29 (0.15%) Concordance
12 29 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
12 29 (0.15%) SAP ERP
13 28 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
14 26 (0.13%) Ripple
15 24 (0.12%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 1,885 (9.44%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,864 (9.34%) Amazon AWS
3 635 (3.18%) SaaS
4 527 (2.64%) Office 365
5 368 (1.84%) PaaS
6 290 (1.45%) GitHub
7 289 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
7 289 (1.45%) Google Cloud Platform
8 274 (1.37%) IaaS
9 142 (0.71%) npm
10 139 (0.70%) Google Analytics
11 130 (0.65%) Serverless
12 107 (0.54%) Amazon EC2
13 86 (0.43%) AWS CloudFormation
14 73 (0.37%) Amazon S3
15 59 (0.30%) Dynamics 365
16 58 (0.29%) OpenShift
17 52 (0.26%) Azure Active Directory
17 52 (0.26%) IBM Cloud
18 47 (0.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 805 (4.03%) Firewall
2 523 (2.62%) Internet
3 513 (2.57%) TCP/IP
4 398 (1.99%) WAN
5 380 (1.90%) LAN
6 374 (1.87%) DNS
7 326 (1.63%) HTTP
8 295 (1.48%) Network Security
9 291 (1.46%) VPN
10 279 (1.40%) Wireless
11 211 (1.06%) DHCP
12 167 (0.84%) SAN
13 161 (0.81%) Intrusion Detection
13 161 (0.81%) Wi-Fi
14 142 (0.71%) MPLS
15 135 (0.68%) VoIP
16 128 (0.64%) OSPF
17 126 (0.63%) Ethernet
18 125 (0.63%) BGP
19 124 (0.62%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,737 (13.71%) SQL Server
2 1,307 (6.55%) Big Data
3 964 (4.83%) NoSQL
4 878 (4.40%) Relational Database
5 820 (4.11%) MySQL
6 587 (2.94%) MongoDB
7 514 (2.57%) Data Warehouse
8 490 (2.45%) Hadoop
9 464 (2.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 424 (2.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 413 (2.07%) Power BI
12 335 (1.68%) PostgreSQL
13 293 (1.47%) Blockchain
14 224 (1.12%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 223 (1.12%) SQL Server 2012
16 219 (1.10%) Oracle Database
17 200 (1.00%) RDBMS
18 199 (1.00%) Data Mining
19 151 (0.76%) Apache Hive
20 149 (0.75%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,530 (7.66%) Git (software)
2 817 (4.09%) JIRA
3 691 (3.46%) Jenkins
4 643 (3.22%) Visual Studio
5 541 (2.71%) Selenium
6 519 (2.60%) Team Foundation Server
7 467 (2.34%) Subversion
8 392 (1.96%) Maven
9 331 (1.66%) JUnit
10 271 (1.36%) TeamCity
11 267 (1.34%) Cucumber
12 206 (1.03%) Eclipse
13 191 (0.96%) Octopus Deploy
14 190 (0.95%) gulp
15 185 (0.93%) Gradle
16 153 (0.77%) NUnit
17 141 (0.71%) webpack
18 140 (0.70%) Protractor
19 131 (0.66%) Mocha
20 129 (0.65%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 5,613 (28.12%) Finance
2 1,455 (7.29%) Marketing
3 1,421 (7.12%) Banking
4 1,011 (5.06%) Retail
5 841 (4.21%) Telecoms
6 689 (3.45%) Investment Banking
7 684 (3.43%) Electronics
8 576 (2.89%) Manufacturing
9 547 (2.74%) Games
10 500 (2.50%) Financial Institution
11 481 (2.41%) Front Office
12 478 (2.39%) Legal
13 376 (1.88%) Law
14 372 (1.86%) Advertising
15 283 (1.42%) Automotive
16 248 (1.24%) German Language
17 244 (1.22%) French Language
18 168 (0.84%) Back Office
19 158 (0.79%) Military
20 155 (0.78%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 5,565 (27.88%) Developer
2 2,732 (13.69%) Analyst
3 1,712 (8.58%) Graduate
4 1,370 (6.86%) Software Engineer
5 1,337 (6.70%) Consultant
6 1,289 (6.46%) Java Developer
7 1,094 (5.48%) Architect
8 1,080 (5.41%) Software Developer
9 1,000 (5.01%) Junior
10 995 (4.98%) .NET Developer
11 918 (4.60%) C# Developer
12 866 (4.34%) Senior Developer
13 857 (4.29%) Graduate Developer
14 779 (3.90%) Business Analyst
15 555 (2.78%) Project Manager
16 554 (2.78%) Junior Developer
17 495 (2.48%) C# .NET Developer
18 382 (1.91%) Support Engineer
19 333 (1.67%) Solutions Architect
20 327 (1.64%) Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,821 (14.13%) .NET
2 2,797 (14.01%) HTML
3 2,241 (11.23%) CSS
4 1,583 (7.93%) AngularJS
5 1,456 (7.29%) Web Services
6 1,178 (5.90%) ASP.NET
7 1,022 (5.12%) HTML5
8 977 (4.89%) jQuery
9 875 (4.38%) XML
10 861 (4.31%) Spring
11 831 (4.16%) RESTful
12 821 (4.11%) React
13 694 (3.48%) REST
14 673 (3.37%) Node.js
15 542 (2.72%) .NET Framework
16 509 (2.55%) ASP.NET Web API
17 500 (2.50%) CSS3
18 489 (2.45%) JSON
19 430 (2.15%) ASP.NET MVC
20 392 (1.96%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 7,401 (37.07%) Computer Science
2 3,221 (16.13%) Analytical Skills
3 1,216 (6.09%) Self-Motivation
4 1,186 (5.94%) User Experience
5 1,108 (5.55%) Management Information System
6 860 (4.31%) Algorithms
7 745 (3.73%) Fintech
8 611 (3.06%) Data Centre
9 474 (2.37%) Data Structures
10 441 (2.21%) Mobile App
11 436 (2.18%) Enterprise Software
12 384 (1.92%) Hedge funds
13 380 (1.90%) Greenfield Project
14 353 (1.77%) Fixed Income
15 346 (1.73%) Cyberthreat
16 343 (1.72%) Derivative
17 334 (1.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 311 (1.56%) Equities
19 250 (1.25%) Driving Licence
20 222 (1.11%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,571 (12.88%) Linux
2 2,356 (11.80%) Windows
3 851 (4.26%) Unix
4 687 (3.44%) Windows Server
5 382 (1.91%) Android
6 362 (1.81%) Apple iOS
7 255 (1.28%) Windows Server 2008
8 239 (1.20%) Windows 10
9 237 (1.19%) Windows Server 2012
10 214 (1.07%) Windows 7
11 193 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 123 (0.62%) Mac OS X
13 120 (0.60%) CentOS
14 85 (0.43%) Embedded Linux
15 67 (0.34%) Ubuntu
16 61 (0.31%) Debian
17 59 (0.30%) Solaris
18 48 (0.24%) Windows 8
19 47 (0.24%) Windows Server 2003
20 32 (0.16%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,289 (31.50%) Agile Software Development
2 3,655 (18.31%) Problem-Solving
3 3,351 (16.79%) Software Engineering
4 2,703 (13.54%) Mathematics
5 2,201 (11.03%) Analytics
6 2,123 (10.63%) Project Management
7 1,814 (9.09%) Scrum
8 1,598 (8.00%) OO
9 1,585 (7.94%) Test Automation
10 1,491 (7.47%) TDD
11 1,461 (7.32%) DevOps
12 1,459 (7.31%) SDLC
13 1,387 (6.95%) MVC
14 1,378 (6.90%) ITIL
15 1,288 (6.45%) Mentoring
16 1,278 (6.40%) Continuous Integration
17 1,234 (6.18%) Business Intelligence
18 1,160 (5.81%) Continuous Improvement
19 1,036 (5.19%) Data Science
20 1,014 (5.08%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 5,071 (25.40%) SQL
2 4,283 (21.45%) Java
3 3,691 (18.49%) C#
4 3,687 (18.47%) JavaScript
5 2,900 (14.53%) Python
6 2,081 (10.42%) C++
7 1,387 (6.95%) C
8 735 (3.68%) PHP
9 656 (3.29%) T-SQL
10 581 (2.91%) PowerShell
11 545 (2.73%) R
12 506 (2.53%) Ruby
13 501 (2.51%) Perl
14 419 (2.10%) Bash Shell
15 373 (1.87%) Scala
16 346 (1.73%) Java 8
17 332 (1.66%) Shell Script
18 254 (1.27%) TypeScript
19 253 (1.27%) VBA
20 215 (1.08%) Go
Qualifications
1 4,361 (21.85%) Computer Science Degree
2 910 (4.56%) Master's Degree
3 818 (4.10%) Security Cleared
4 668 (3.35%) Numerate Degree
5 611 (3.06%) CISSP
6 525 (2.63%) Microsoft Certification
7 510 (2.55%) Cisco Certification
8 467 (2.34%) PhD
9 365 (1.83%) SC Cleared
10 309 (1.55%) MCSE
10 309 (1.55%) PMI Certification
11 280 (1.40%) ISEB
12 268 (1.34%) CISM
13 267 (1.34%) DV Cleared
14 266 (1.33%) CCNA
15 262 (1.31%) ISTQB
16 226 (1.13%) PMP
17 220 (1.10%) CCNP
18 177 (0.89%) CISA
19 168 (0.84%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,212 (6.07%) QA
2 557 (2.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 356 (1.78%) SLA
4 323 (1.62%) GDPR
5 211 (1.06%) PMO
6 202 (1.01%) Data Quality
7 150 (0.75%) PCI DSS
8 85 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 76 (0.38%) Cyber Essentials
10 66 (0.33%) COBIT
11 54 (0.27%) MiFID
12 48 (0.24%) ISO 9001
13 46 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 38 (0.19%) ISO 26262
15 30 (0.15%) IFRS
15 30 (0.15%) MISRA
16 27 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
17 23 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
17 23 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
18 20 (0.10%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 928 (4.65%) Active Directory
2 808 (4.05%) Docker
3 490 (2.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 238 (1.19%) Hyper-V
5 204 (1.02%) Firmware
6 133 (0.67%) VMware ESXi
7 80 (0.40%) HDFS
8 79 (0.40%) XenApp
9 78 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
9 78 (0.39%) vSphere
10 57 (0.29%) XenDesktop
11 36 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
12 34 (0.17%) iptables
13 29 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
14 27 (0.14%) Apache Flume
15 25 (0.13%) Ceph
15 25 (0.13%) VirtualBox
16 23 (0.12%) GridGain
16 23 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
17 22 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 413 (2.07%) Ansible
2 404 (2.02%) Kubernetes
3 371 (1.86%) Puppet
4 267 (1.34%) Opscode Chef
5 160 (0.80%) Terraform
6 150 (0.75%) SCCM
7 60 (0.30%) Salt
8 52 (0.26%) Microsoft Intune
8 52 (0.26%) Packer
9 47 (0.24%) Kibana
9 47 (0.24%) Nagios
10 42 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
11 40 (0.20%) SCOM
12 38 (0.19%) Hadoop YARN
12 38 (0.19%) Nessus
12 38 (0.19%) vCenter Server
13 36 (0.18%) Consul
14 35 (0.18%) SCOrch
15 34 (0.17%) Forefront Identity Manager
15 34 (0.17%) WSUS
Vendors
1 3,162 (15.84%) Microsoft
2 1,409 (7.06%) Oracle
3 755 (3.78%) VMware
4 712 (3.57%) SAP
5 652 (3.27%) Google
6 598 (3.00%) Cisco
7 481 (2.41%) Tableau
8 438 (2.19%) Salesforce.com
9 315 (1.58%) Adobe
10 266 (1.33%) Red Hat
11 256 (1.28%) Citrix
12 247 (1.24%) IBM
13 180 (0.90%) Splunk
14 170 (0.85%) HP
15 167 (0.84%) CheckPoint
16 137 (0.69%) F5
17 131 (0.66%) EMC
17 131 (0.66%) NetApp
18 123 (0.62%) Xamarin
19 121 (0.61%) Atlassian