Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 15 14
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 -1
Permanent jobs citing Degree 20,442 22,507 26,323
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.10% 12.77% 13.36%
As % of the Qualifications category 51.14% 52.07% 49.58%
Number of salaries quoted 14,840 16,958 21,558
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £25,250 £25,000 £25,000
90th Percentile £80,025 £76,250 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 39,972 43,225 53,094
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.65% 24.52% 26.94%
Number of salaries quoted 29,732 33,183 42,889
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 19,220 £47,500 +5.56% 3,532
UK excluding London 0 10,951 £42,500 +6.25% 2,570
London +1 9,107 £57,500 +4.55% 1,180
South East -1 3,802 £45,000 +5.88% 664
North of England -11 1,826 £42,500 +6.25% 519
East of England -3 1,631 £44,000 +10.00% 459
Midlands +3 1,610 £40,000 +14.29% 408
South West -3 1,253 £41,000 +2.50% 299
West Midlands +5 1,123 £40,000 +14.29% 278
North West -6 1,088 £42,500 +6.25% 283
Scotland -5 580 £40,000 - 148
Yorkshire -11 575 £42,500 +6.25% 176
East Midlands -4 479 £40,500 +15.71% 130
Wales +9 277 £40,000 +6.67% 45
North East -12 162 £35,000 -12.50% 60
Northern Ireland +3 60 £32,500 -7.14% 26
Channel Islands -3 10 £30,000 -7.69% 1
Isle of Man +4 5 £55,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 7,595 (37.15%) Computer Science
2 6,306 (30.85%) Agile Software Development
3 5,666 (27.72%) Finance
4 5,256 (25.71%) SQL
5 4,494 (21.98%) Computer Science Degree
6 4,472 (21.88%) Java
7 3,827 (18.72%) Problem-Solving
8 3,758 (18.38%) JavaScript
9 3,757 (18.38%) C#
10 3,431 (16.78%) Software Engineering
11 3,352 (16.40%) Analytical Skills
12 3,285 (16.07%) Microsoft
13 2,982 (14.59%) .NET
14 2,931 (14.34%) Python
15 2,904 (14.21%) HTML
16 2,836 (13.87%) SQL Server
17 2,713 (13.27%) Mathematics
18 2,562 (12.53%) Linux
19 2,438 (11.93%) Windows
20 2,350 (11.50%) CSS
21 2,235 (10.93%) Project Management
22 2,214 (10.83%) C++
23 2,166 (10.60%) Analytics
24 1,775 (8.68%) Scrum
25 1,763 (8.62%) OO
26 1,718 (8.40%) Amazon AWS
27 1,662 (8.13%) Microsoft Azure
28 1,651 (8.08%) AngularJS
29 1,592 (7.79%) SDLC
30 1,583 (7.74%) ITIL

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 470 (2.30%) SharePoint
2 418 (2.04%) Apache Spark
3 385 (1.88%) CMS
4 336 (1.64%) Apache
5 316 (1.55%) IIS
6 307 (1.50%) Tomcat
7 279 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
8 273 (1.34%) SAS
9 221 (1.08%) Confluence
10 218 (1.07%) MS Exchange
11 190 (0.93%) JBoss
12 149 (0.73%) WebSphere
13 110 (0.54%) WebLogic
14 104 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 103 (0.50%) WordPress
16 88 (0.43%) nginx
17 87 (0.43%) Exchange Server 2010
18 84 (0.41%) EPiServer
19 80 (0.39%) OpenStack
20 77 (0.38%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 1,001 (4.90%) Microsoft Office
2 982 (4.80%) Microsoft Excel
3 423 (2.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 246 (1.20%) MS Visio
5 178 (0.87%) Microsoft Project
6 158 (0.77%) Photoshop
7 128 (0.63%) Adobe Illustrator
8 94 (0.46%) SPSS
9 86 (0.42%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 73 (0.36%) InVision
11 64 (0.31%) OmniGraffle
12 53 (0.26%) Simulink
13 46 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
14 19 (0.093%) SOLIDWORKS
15 18 (0.088%) InDesign
16 14 (0.068%) Camtasia
17 12 (0.059%) AutoCAD
17 12 (0.059%) Stateflow
18 11 (0.054%) OrCAD
18 11 (0.054%) Stata
Business Applications
1 160 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
2 62 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 52 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
4 51 (0.25%) Relativity
5 50 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
6 48 (0.23%) NetSuite
6 48 (0.23%) thinkFolio
7 43 (0.21%) Eloqua
8 41 (0.20%) Magento
9 36 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
10 32 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
11 30 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
12 29 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
13 28 (0.14%) Concordance
13 28 (0.14%) Ringtail
14 27 (0.13%) Markit EDM
14 27 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
15 26 (0.13%) SAP ERP
16 25 (0.12%) Cognos TM1
16 25 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 1,718 (8.40%) Amazon AWS
2 1,662 (8.13%) Microsoft Azure
3 656 (3.21%) SaaS
4 517 (2.53%) Office 365
5 338 (1.65%) PaaS
6 270 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
7 259 (1.27%) GitHub
8 252 (1.23%) IaaS
9 224 (1.10%) Google Cloud Platform
10 132 (0.65%) Google Analytics
11 121 (0.59%) npm
12 117 (0.57%) Serverless
13 108 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
14 95 (0.46%) Amazon S3
15 72 (0.35%) AWS CloudFormation
16 65 (0.32%) Dynamics 365
17 56 (0.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 55 (0.27%) Azure Active Directory
19 48 (0.23%) AdWords
20 45 (0.22%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 830 (4.06%) Firewall
2 580 (2.84%) Internet
3 496 (2.43%) TCP/IP
4 421 (2.06%) WAN
5 404 (1.98%) DNS
6 365 (1.79%) LAN
7 335 (1.64%) HTTP
8 325 (1.59%) Network Security
9 303 (1.48%) Wireless
10 300 (1.47%) VPN
11 234 (1.14%) DHCP
12 192 (0.94%) Intrusion Detection
13 172 (0.84%) SAN
14 165 (0.81%) MPLS
15 145 (0.71%) BGP
16 141 (0.69%) OSPF
17 131 (0.64%) VoIP
17 131 (0.64%) Wi-Fi
18 130 (0.64%) SSL
19 129 (0.63%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,836 (13.87%) SQL Server
2 1,304 (6.38%) Big Data
3 948 (4.64%) Relational Database
4 925 (4.52%) NoSQL
5 789 (3.86%) MySQL
6 606 (2.96%) MongoDB
7 545 (2.67%) Data Warehouse
8 480 (2.35%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 462 (2.26%) Hadoop
10 435 (2.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 387 (1.89%) Power BI
12 357 (1.75%) PostgreSQL
13 296 (1.45%) Blockchain
14 240 (1.17%) Oracle Database
14 240 (1.17%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 214 (1.05%) Data Mining
16 211 (1.03%) RDBMS
17 180 (0.88%) SQL Server 2012
18 157 (0.77%) SQL Server 2008
19 143 (0.70%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 1,442 (7.05%) Git (software)
2 773 (3.78%) JIRA
3 720 (3.52%) Jenkins
4 668 (3.27%) Visual Studio
5 550 (2.69%) Selenium
6 484 (2.37%) Subversion
7 479 (2.34%) Team Foundation Server
8 380 (1.86%) Maven
9 330 (1.61%) JUnit
10 289 (1.41%) TeamCity
11 226 (1.11%) Eclipse
12 217 (1.06%) Cucumber
13 196 (0.96%) gulp
14 186 (0.91%) Octopus Deploy
15 180 (0.88%) Gradle
16 159 (0.78%) NUnit
17 151 (0.74%) Protractor
18 134 (0.66%) Mocha
19 128 (0.63%) Visual Studio Team System
19 128 (0.63%) webpack
General
1 5,666 (27.72%) Finance
2 1,531 (7.49%) Banking
3 1,505 (7.36%) Marketing
4 1,054 (5.16%) Retail
5 808 (3.95%) Telecoms
6 779 (3.81%) Investment Banking
7 727 (3.56%) Electronics
8 600 (2.94%) Manufacturing
9 556 (2.72%) Financial Institution
9 556 (2.72%) Front Office
10 537 (2.63%) Games
11 512 (2.50%) Legal
12 473 (2.31%) Advertising
13 355 (1.74%) Law
14 290 (1.42%) Automotive
15 261 (1.28%) German Language
16 233 (1.14%) French Language
17 170 (0.83%) Back Office
18 164 (0.80%) Publishing
19 157 (0.77%) Military
Job Titles
1 5,829 (28.51%) Developer
2 2,951 (14.44%) Analyst
3 1,712 (8.37%) Graduate
4 1,409 (6.89%) Consultant
5 1,406 (6.88%) Software Engineer
6 1,363 (6.67%) Java Developer
7 1,136 (5.56%) Software Developer
8 1,073 (5.25%) Architect
9 1,019 (4.98%) Junior
10 1,005 (4.92%) .NET Developer
11 945 (4.62%) C# Developer
12 922 (4.51%) Senior Developer
13 837 (4.09%) Business Analyst
14 809 (3.96%) Graduate Developer
15 527 (2.58%) Junior Developer
16 515 (2.52%) Project Manager
17 512 (2.50%) C# .NET Developer
18 396 (1.94%) Support Engineer
19 347 (1.70%) Solutions Architect
20 341 (1.67%) Senior Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,982 (14.59%) .NET
2 2,904 (14.21%) HTML
3 2,350 (11.50%) CSS
4 1,651 (8.08%) AngularJS
5 1,506 (7.37%) Web Services
6 1,228 (6.01%) ASP.NET
7 1,086 (5.31%) jQuery
8 1,021 (4.99%) HTML5
9 959 (4.69%) XML
10 898 (4.39%) Spring
11 843 (4.12%) RESTful
12 791 (3.87%) React
13 717 (3.51%) REST
14 640 (3.13%) Node.js
15 558 (2.73%) JSON
16 535 (2.62%) CSS3
17 518 (2.53%) .NET Framework
18 477 (2.33%) ASP.NET Web API
19 456 (2.23%) ASP.NET MVC
20 410 (2.01%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 7,595 (37.15%) Computer Science
2 3,352 (16.40%) Analytical Skills
3 1,352 (6.61%) Self-Motivation
4 1,249 (6.11%) User Experience
5 1,180 (5.77%) Management Information System
6 938 (4.59%) Algorithms
7 777 (3.80%) Fintech
8 727 (3.56%) Data Centre
9 531 (2.60%) Data Structures
10 470 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
10 470 (2.30%) Mobile App
11 441 (2.16%) Greenfield Project
12 402 (1.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 393 (1.92%) Hedge funds
14 392 (1.92%) Fixed Income
15 384 (1.88%) Cyberthreat
16 372 (1.82%) Derivative
17 343 (1.68%) Equities
18 292 (1.43%) Driving Licence
19 228 (1.12%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,562 (12.53%) Linux
2 2,438 (11.93%) Windows
3 881 (4.31%) Unix
4 784 (3.84%) Windows Server
5 388 (1.90%) Android
6 299 (1.46%) Apple iOS
7 278 (1.36%) Windows Server 2012
8 266 (1.30%) Windows Server 2008
9 260 (1.27%) Windows 10
10 231 (1.13%) Windows 7
11 179 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 117 (0.57%) Mac OS X
13 100 (0.49%) CentOS
14 85 (0.42%) Embedded Linux
15 69 (0.34%) Solaris
16 47 (0.23%) Ubuntu
17 46 (0.23%) Debian
18 44 (0.22%) Windows 8
19 39 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
20 37 (0.18%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,306 (30.85%) Agile Software Development
2 3,827 (18.72%) Problem-Solving
3 3,431 (16.78%) Software Engineering
4 2,713 (13.27%) Mathematics
5 2,235 (10.93%) Project Management
6 2,166 (10.60%) Analytics
7 1,775 (8.68%) Scrum
8 1,763 (8.62%) OO
9 1,592 (7.79%) SDLC
10 1,583 (7.74%) ITIL
11 1,562 (7.64%) TDD
12 1,495 (7.31%) Test Automation
13 1,491 (7.29%) DevOps
14 1,407 (6.88%) MVC
15 1,366 (6.68%) Continuous Integration
16 1,260 (6.16%) Mentoring
17 1,255 (6.14%) Business Intelligence
18 1,250 (6.11%) Continuous Improvement
19 1,058 (5.18%) Web Development
20 1,035 (5.06%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 5,256 (25.71%) SQL
2 4,472 (21.88%) Java
3 3,758 (18.38%) JavaScript
4 3,757 (18.38%) C#
5 2,931 (14.34%) Python
6 2,214 (10.83%) C++
7 1,441 (7.05%) C
8 762 (3.73%) PHP
9 696 (3.40%) T-SQL
10 573 (2.80%) PowerShell
11 532 (2.60%) Perl
12 498 (2.44%) Ruby
13 464 (2.27%) R
14 403 (1.97%) Bash Shell
15 400 (1.96%) Scala
16 378 (1.85%) Java 8
17 336 (1.64%) VBA
18 319 (1.56%) Shell Script
19 232 (1.13%) VB.NET
20 212 (1.04%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 4,494 (21.98%) Computer Science Degree
2 955 (4.67%) Master's Degree
3 860 (4.21%) Security Cleared
4 687 (3.36%) Numerate Degree
5 644 (3.15%) Microsoft Certification
6 616 (3.01%) CISSP
7 522 (2.55%) Cisco Certification
8 504 (2.47%) PhD
9 378 (1.85%) SC Cleared
10 357 (1.75%) MCSE
11 322 (1.58%) PMI Certification
12 312 (1.53%) CISM
13 295 (1.44%) ISEB
14 293 (1.43%) CCNA
15 274 (1.34%) CCNP
16 271 (1.33%) DV Cleared
17 253 (1.24%) ISTQB
18 223 (1.09%) PMP
19 217 (1.06%) ITIL Certification
20 214 (1.05%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,149 (5.62%) QA
2 511 (2.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 371 (1.81%) SLA
4 329 (1.61%) GDPR
5 198 (0.97%) PMO
6 195 (0.95%) Data Quality
7 168 (0.82%) PCI DSS
8 84 (0.41%) Cyber Essentials
9 73 (0.36%) COBIT
10 70 (0.34%) GCP
11 69 (0.34%) ISO 9001
12 65 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 56 (0.27%) MiFID
14 45 (0.22%) MISRA
15 32 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 28 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
17 26 (0.13%) ISO 26262
18 25 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
18 25 (0.12%) IFRS
19 23 (0.11%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 934 (4.57%) Active Directory
2 729 (3.57%) Docker
3 537 (2.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 289 (1.41%) Hyper-V
5 224 (1.10%) Firmware
6 138 (0.68%) VMware ESXi
7 108 (0.53%) XenApp
8 100 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
9 89 (0.44%) HDFS
10 87 (0.43%) vSphere
11 72 (0.35%) XenDesktop
12 65 (0.32%) Microsoft App-V
13 49 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
14 29 (0.14%) Apache Flume
15 28 (0.14%) Xen
16 24 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 24 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
17 23 (0.11%) BitLocker
17 23 (0.11%) GridGain
18 22 (0.11%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 393 (1.92%) Ansible
2 352 (1.72%) Puppet
3 338 (1.65%) Kubernetes
4 296 (1.45%) Opscode Chef
5 182 (0.89%) SCCM
6 131 (0.64%) Terraform
7 72 (0.35%) Salt
8 70 (0.34%) Microsoft Intune
9 63 (0.31%) Nagios
10 53 (0.26%) SCOrch
11 52 (0.25%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 52 (0.25%) Kibana
12 50 (0.24%) SCOM
13 48 (0.23%) Packer
14 45 (0.22%) AirWatch
14 45 (0.22%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
15 41 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
16 39 (0.19%) Nessus
17 38 (0.19%) SCVMM
18 33 (0.16%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 3,285 (16.07%) Microsoft
2 1,543 (7.55%) Oracle
3 860 (4.21%) VMware
4 640 (3.13%) Cisco
5 630 (3.08%) Google
6 599 (2.93%) SAP
7 495 (2.42%) Salesforce.com
8 437 (2.14%) Tableau
9 346 (1.69%) Citrix
10 293 (1.43%) Adobe
11 248 (1.21%) IBM
12 246 (1.20%) Red Hat
13 211 (1.03%) Splunk
14 198 (0.97%) HP
15 185 (0.90%) EMC
16 176 (0.86%) CheckPoint
17 170 (0.83%) F5
18 155 (0.76%) NetApp
19 144 (0.70%) Xamarin
20 131 (0.64%) Dell