Period
to 15 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 15 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
15 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 15 14 14
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Degree 15,766 20,191 22,764
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.27% 12.10% 12.83%
As % of the Qualifications category 47.92% 51.07% 52.25%
Number of salaries quoted 11,168 14,600 17,067
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £26,250 £25,000 £25,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £44,322 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +4.29% +6.25% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 32,903 39,535 43,570
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.51% 23.70% 24.56%
Number of salaries quoted 23,878 29,314 33,428
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.89% +1.11%
10th Percentile £26,650 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 15 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 15 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 14,678 £50,000 +5.26% 3,379
UK excluding London 0 9,232 £44,322 +4.29% 2,679
London -7 6,204 £60,000 +4.35% 986
South East +5 3,610 £45,000 - 695
North of England +1 1,543 £37,500 -10.71% 469
South West +1 1,250 £45,000 +12.50% 366
Midlands -3 1,088 £45,000 +10.43% 385
North West +1 1,001 £37,500 -11.76% 256
East of England 0 942 £45,000 +3.98% 478
West Midlands -2 743 £45,000 +9.16% 242
Scotland -4 605 £38,500 -3.75% 183
Yorkshire -17 403 £37,500 -6.25% 150
East Midlands -3 339 £46,500 +12.05% 141
Wales -8 175 £34,000 -13.92% 92
North East +8 139 £40,250 +7.33% 63
Northern Ireland -21 40 £40,000 +25.00% 15
Channel Islands +1 3 £30,000 +1.69% 1

For the 6 months to 15 September 2019, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 5,828 (36.97%) Computer Science
2 5,371 (34.07%) Agile Software Development
3 3,522 (22.34%) Finance
4 3,355 (21.28%) Computer Science Degree
5 3,353 (21.27%) C#
6 3,328 (21.11%) SQL
7 2,840 (18.01%) Software Engineering
8 2,751 (17.45%) Problem-Solving
9 2,663 (16.89%) Microsoft
10 2,640 (16.74%) Java
11 2,590 (16.43%) JavaScript
12 2,589 (16.42%) .NET
13 2,423 (15.37%) Python
14 2,384 (15.12%) Analytical Skills
15 2,080 (13.19%) Mathematics
16 1,923 (12.20%) Windows
17 1,903 (12.07%) Linux
18 1,891 (11.99%) Azure
19 1,882 (11.94%) SQL Server
20 1,843 (11.69%) Project Management
21 1,840 (11.67%) HTML
22 1,720 (10.91%) C++
23 1,618 (10.26%) AWS
24 1,458 (9.25%) Git (software)
25 1,429 (9.06%) Scrum
26 1,412 (8.96%) CSS
27 1,336 (8.47%) ITIL
28 1,335 (8.47%) C
29 1,277 (8.10%) DevOps
30 1,240 (7.87%) Analytics

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 318 (2.02%) Apache Spark
2 313 (1.99%) Confluence
3 280 (1.78%) Elasticsearch
4 272 (1.73%) SharePoint
5 214 (1.36%) IIS
6 195 (1.24%) CMS
7 189 (1.20%) Apache
8 173 (1.10%) SAS
9 149 (0.95%) MS Exchange
10 126 (0.80%) Tomcat
11 98 (0.62%) Skype for Business
12 71 (0.45%) nginx
13 65 (0.41%) OpenStack
14 61 (0.39%) WordPress
15 59 (0.37%) JBoss
16 54 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 49 (0.31%) Apache Solr
17 49 (0.31%) BizTalk Server
18 47 (0.30%) WebSphere
19 46 (0.29%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 835 (5.30%) Microsoft Office
2 633 (4.01%) Microsoft Excel
3 336 (2.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 140 (0.89%) MS Visio
5 124 (0.79%) Microsoft Project
6 85 (0.54%) Sketch
7 72 (0.46%) Photoshop
8 58 (0.37%) InVision
9 55 (0.35%) SPSS
10 49 (0.31%) Simulink
11 48 (0.30%) Adobe Illustrator
12 36 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 27 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
14 24 (0.15%) OmniGraffle
15 20 (0.13%) Marvel
16 18 (0.11%) InDesign
17 17 (0.11%) SOLIDWORKS
18 15 (0.095%) AutoCAD
19 14 (0.089%) Stata
20 11 (0.070%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 123 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
2 53 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
3 52 (0.33%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 46 (0.29%) SAP S/4HANA
5 35 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
6 28 (0.18%) NetSuite
6 28 (0.18%) SAP ERP
7 27 (0.17%) Cognos TM1
7 27 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
8 26 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
9 25 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
10 24 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
11 22 (0.14%) SAP SD
12 21 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
13 20 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
14 19 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 18 (0.11%) SAP FI
15 18 (0.11%) thinkFolio
16 17 (0.11%) SAP CO
16 17 (0.11%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 1,891 (11.99%) Azure
2 1,618 (10.26%) AWS
3 594 (3.77%) SaaS
4 579 (3.67%) Office 365
5 440 (2.79%) GCP
6 324 (2.06%) Power Platform
7 263 (1.67%) Cloud Computing
8 160 (1.01%) Serverless
9 159 (1.01%) IaaS
10 155 (0.98%) PaaS
11 138 (0.88%) GitHub
12 117 (0.74%) Amazon EC2
13 97 (0.62%) AWS CloudFormation
14 95 (0.60%) Amazon S3
15 89 (0.56%) Google Analytics
16 79 (0.50%) OpenShift
17 77 (0.49%) Azure Active Directory
18 75 (0.48%) Dynamics 365
19 71 (0.45%) OneDrive
20 66 (0.42%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 730 (4.63%) Firewall
2 460 (2.92%) TCP/IP
3 448 (2.84%) WAN
4 424 (2.69%) LAN
5 417 (2.64%) DNS
6 409 (2.59%) Internet
7 307 (1.95%) VPN
8 296 (1.88%) Wireless
9 258 (1.64%) DHCP
10 257 (1.63%) Network Security
11 206 (1.31%) VoIP
12 191 (1.21%) Broadband
13 181 (1.15%) MPLS
14 171 (1.08%) HTTP
15 153 (0.97%) Skype
16 137 (0.87%) Wi-Fi
17 131 (0.83%) BGP
18 128 (0.81%) SAN
19 124 (0.79%) Unified Communications
20 101 (0.64%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,882 (11.94%) SQL Server
2 816 (5.18%) Big Data
3 538 (3.41%) Relational Database
4 469 (2.97%) MySQL
5 426 (2.70%) NoSQL
6 378 (2.40%) Data Warehouse
7 366 (2.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 346 (2.19%) PostgreSQL
9 340 (2.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 325 (2.06%) Hadoop
11 315 (2.00%) Power BI
12 206 (1.31%) MongoDB
13 182 (1.15%) Data Mining
14 166 (1.05%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 139 (0.88%) RDBMS
15 139 (0.88%) Redis
16 138 (0.88%) Oracle Database
17 132 (0.84%) GIS
18 106 (0.67%) Blockchain
19 104 (0.66%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 1,458 (9.25%) Git (software)
2 887 (5.63%) JIRA
3 610 (3.87%) Jenkins
4 533 (3.38%) Visual Studio
5 337 (2.14%) Selenium
6 282 (1.79%) Team Foundation Server
7 260 (1.65%) Subversion
8 157 (1.00%) Maven
9 154 (0.98%) TeamCity
9 154 (0.98%) Visual Studio Team System
10 144 (0.91%) Eclipse
11 140 (0.89%) Cucumber
12 139 (0.88%) Bitbucket
13 116 (0.74%) JUnit
14 106 (0.67%) SpecFlow
15 104 (0.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 103 (0.65%) NUnit
17 98 (0.62%) webpack
18 79 (0.50%) Jasmine
19 78 (0.49%) Mocha
General
1 3,522 (22.34%) Finance
2 1,072 (6.80%) Marketing
3 884 (5.61%) Banking
4 757 (4.80%) Telecoms
5 746 (4.73%) Retail
6 545 (3.46%) Public Sector
7 535 (3.39%) Electronics
8 516 (3.27%) Manufacturing
9 404 (2.56%) Games
10 318 (2.02%) Legal
11 282 (1.79%) Front Office
12 263 (1.67%) Advertising
13 243 (1.54%) Aerospace
14 178 (1.13%) Military
15 173 (1.10%) German Language
15 173 (1.10%) Law
16 165 (1.05%) Automotive
17 156 (0.99%) Investment Banking
18 149 (0.95%) French Language
18 149 (0.95%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 4,093 (25.96%) Developer
2 1,738 (11.02%) Analyst
3 1,423 (9.03%) Software Engineer
4 1,133 (7.19%) Graduate
5 1,121 (7.11%) Consultant
6 1,061 (6.73%) Junior
7 943 (5.98%) Software Developer
8 879 (5.58%) Architect
9 784 (4.97%) .NET Developer
10 721 (4.57%) Senior Developer
11 705 (4.47%) C# Developer
12 626 (3.97%) Java Developer
13 593 (3.76%) Junior Developer
14 573 (3.63%) Graduate Developer
15 454 (2.88%) Project Manager
16 408 (2.59%) Business Analyst
17 407 (2.58%) C# .NET Developer
18 339 (2.15%) Support Engineer
19 328 (2.08%) Senior Software Engineer
20 300 (1.90%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,589 (16.42%) .NET
2 1,840 (11.67%) HTML
3 1,412 (8.96%) CSS
4 1,165 (7.39%) AngularJS
5 956 (6.06%) Web Services
6 932 (5.91%) ASP.NET
7 823 (5.22%) React
8 746 (4.73%) REST
9 650 (4.12%) HTML5
10 559 (3.55%) Spring
11 551 (3.49%) XML
12 539 (3.42%) jQuery
13 527 (3.34%) Node.js
14 453 (2.87%) .NET Framework
15 450 (2.85%) RESTful
16 319 (2.02%) ASP.NET MVC
17 318 (2.02%) JSON
18 316 (2.00%) SOAP
19 305 (1.93%) .NET Core
20 298 (1.89%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 2,384 (15.12%) Analytical Skills
2 1,031 (6.54%) Management Information System
3 926 (5.87%) Self-Motivation
4 863 (5.47%) User Experience
5 753 (4.78%) Algorithms
6 393 (2.49%) Data Centre
7 348 (2.21%) Mobile App
8 292 (1.85%) Data Structures
9 284 (1.80%) Virtual Team
10 257 (1.63%) Robotics
11 234 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
12 207 (1.31%) Public Cloud
13 201 (1.27%) Greenfield Project
14 195 (1.24%) Driving Licence
15 194 (1.23%) Social Media
16 182 (1.15%) Embedded Systems
17 177 (1.12%) Hedge funds
18 145 (0.92%) Fixed Income
19 121 (0.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
20 120 (0.76%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 1,923 (12.20%) Windows
2 1,903 (12.07%) Linux
3 509 (3.23%) Unix
4 474 (3.01%) Windows Server
5 365 (2.32%) Android
6 346 (2.19%) Windows 10
7 249 (1.58%) Apple iOS
8 193 (1.22%) Windows 7
8 193 (1.22%) Windows Server 2012
9 124 (0.79%) CentOS
10 107 (0.68%) Ubuntu
11 97 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
12 95 (0.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 93 (0.59%) Mac OS
14 70 (0.44%) Solaris
15 50 (0.32%) Mac OS X
16 46 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
17 34 (0.22%) VMS
18 26 (0.16%) Windows 8
19 25 (0.16%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,828 (36.97%) Computer Science
2 5,371 (34.07%) Agile Software Development
3 2,840 (18.01%) Software Engineering
4 2,751 (17.45%) Problem-Solving
5 2,080 (13.19%) Mathematics
6 1,843 (11.69%) Project Management
7 1,429 (9.06%) Scrum
8 1,336 (8.47%) ITIL
9 1,277 (8.10%) DevOps
10 1,240 (7.87%) Analytics
11 1,188 (7.54%) Test Automation
12 1,150 (7.29%) OO
13 1,123 (7.12%) SDLC
14 1,104 (7.00%) Mentoring
15 953 (6.04%) Cybersecurity
16 920 (5.84%) MVC
17 886 (5.62%) Machine Learning
18 874 (5.54%) Continuous Integration
19 858 (5.44%) TDD
20 847 (5.37%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 3,353 (21.27%) C#
2 3,328 (21.11%) SQL
3 2,640 (16.74%) Java
4 2,590 (16.43%) JavaScript
5 2,423 (15.37%) Python
6 1,720 (10.91%) C++
7 1,335 (8.47%) C
8 583 (3.70%) PowerShell
9 524 (3.32%) PHP
9 524 (3.32%) R
10 453 (2.87%) T-SQL
11 337 (2.14%) Scala
12 332 (2.11%) Bash Shell
12 332 (2.11%) TypeScript
13 274 (1.74%) Ruby
14 219 (1.39%) Perl
15 218 (1.38%) MATLAB
16 200 (1.27%) Java 8
17 181 (1.15%) VBA
18 180 (1.14%) VB
Qualifications
1 3,355 (21.28%) Computer Science Degree
2 790 (5.01%) Security Cleared
3 554 (3.51%) Master's Degree
4 529 (3.36%) Cisco Certification
5 518 (3.29%) CISSP
6 491 (3.11%) Numerate Degree
7 471 (2.99%) Microsoft Certification
8 394 (2.50%) SC Cleared
9 343 (2.18%) CISM
10 313 (1.99%) CCNA
11 301 (1.91%) PhD
12 260 (1.65%) HND
13 241 (1.53%) CCNP
14 237 (1.50%) ISTQB
15 225 (1.43%) CISA
16 220 (1.40%) DV Cleared
17 215 (1.36%) PMI Certification
18 192 (1.22%) MCP
19 175 (1.11%) MCSE
20 170 (1.08%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 912 (5.78%) QA
2 384 (2.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 306 (1.94%) SLA
4 271 (1.72%) GDPR
5 186 (1.18%) PMO
6 168 (1.07%) Data Quality
7 155 (0.98%) NIST
8 139 (0.88%) PCI DSS
9 90 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 66 (0.42%) ISO 9001
11 64 (0.41%) COBIT
12 50 (0.32%) Cyber Essentials
13 48 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 34 (0.22%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 33 (0.21%) NCSC
16 30 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 24 (0.15%) ISAE 3402
18 21 (0.13%) IFRS
19 19 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
19 19 (0.12%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 888 (5.63%) Docker
2 806 (5.11%) Active Directory
3 464 (2.94%) VMware Infrastructure
4 230 (1.46%) Firmware
5 225 (1.43%) Hyper-V
6 109 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
7 67 (0.42%) Microsoft App-V
8 61 (0.39%) XenApp
9 56 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
10 49 (0.31%) XenDesktop
11 42 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
12 38 (0.24%) Varnish
13 36 (0.23%) VirtualBox
14 28 (0.18%) vSphere
15 24 (0.15%) HDFS
16 22 (0.14%) NFS
17 21 (0.13%) BitLocker
18 19 (0.12%) iptables
19 16 (0.10%) VMware NSX
20 15 (0.095%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 537 (3.41%) Kubernetes
2 335 (2.12%) Ansible
3 282 (1.79%) Terraform
4 235 (1.49%) Puppet
5 199 (1.26%) SCCM
6 164 (1.04%) Opscode Chef
7 77 (0.49%) Nessus
8 72 (0.46%) SCOM
9 60 (0.38%) Nagios
10 59 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
11 54 (0.34%) Packer
12 52 (0.33%) Salt
13 43 (0.27%) Kibana
14 42 (0.27%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 42 (0.27%) QRadar
15 39 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
16 38 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
17 35 (0.22%) Cisco CUCM
17 35 (0.22%) Docker Swarm
18 34 (0.22%) Consul
Vendors
1 2,663 (16.89%) Microsoft
2 929 (5.89%) Oracle
3 681 (4.32%) VMware
4 617 (3.91%) Cisco
5 523 (3.32%) Google
6 503 (3.19%) SAP
7 365 (2.32%) Salesforce.com
8 263 (1.67%) Citrix
9 245 (1.55%) Splunk
9 245 (1.55%) Tableau
10 215 (1.36%) Adobe
11 187 (1.19%) IBM
12 166 (1.05%) ServiceNow
13 165 (1.05%) EMC
14 149 (0.95%) Atlassian
15 132 (0.84%) Dell
16 119 (0.75%) HP
17 112 (0.71%) Palo Alto
18 110 (0.70%) Sage
19 109 (0.69%) Apple