Period
to 13 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 13 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
13 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 16 14 14
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Degree 15,315 19,529 22,949
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.13% 11.99% 12.78%
As % of the Qualifications category 49.05% 50.56% 52.71%
Number of salaries quoted 11,163 14,242 17,287
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £26,250 £25,000 £25,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 31,224 38,627 43,542
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.70% 23.72% 24.25%
Number of salaries quoted 23,008 28,604 33,460
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,250 £26,250 £26,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £81,250 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 13 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 13 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 14,232 £50,000 +3.09% 3,314
UK excluding London 0 8,764 £45,000 +5.88% 2,624
London -3 6,224 £60,000 +4.35% 969
South East +4 3,502 £45,000 - 683
North of England -4 1,379 £40,000 -5.88% 459
South West 0 1,112 £45,000 +12.50% 353
Midlands -3 1,071 £45,000 +12.50% 382
East of England +1 912 £45,000 +5.88% 473
North West -4 847 £42,000 -1.18% 272
West Midlands -2 698 £45,000 +12.50% 234
Scotland -4 588 £40,000 -2.44% 174
Yorkshire -10 424 £37,500 -6.25% 134
East Midlands -5 369 £47,500 +17.28% 147
Wales -1 202 £40,000 +6.67% 83
North East +4 108 £46,500 -7.00% 53
Northern Ireland -16 37 £40,000 +18.52% 22

For the 6 months to 13 November 2019, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 5,858 (38.25%) Computer Science
2 4,981 (32.52%) Agile Software Development
3 3,430 (22.40%) Computer Science Degree
4 3,423 (22.35%) Finance
5 3,111 (20.31%) SQL
6 3,099 (20.24%) C#
7 2,690 (17.56%) Problem-Solving
8 2,684 (17.53%) Software Engineering
9 2,625 (17.14%) JavaScript
10 2,536 (16.56%) Python
11 2,448 (15.98%) Java
12 2,434 (15.89%) Microsoft
13 2,414 (15.76%) .NET
14 2,106 (13.75%) Analytical Skills
15 1,933 (12.62%) Windows
16 1,890 (12.34%) Mathematics
17 1,870 (12.21%) Azure
18 1,860 (12.14%) Linux
19 1,842 (12.03%) HTML
20 1,746 (11.40%) Project Management
21 1,701 (11.11%) SQL Server
22 1,606 (10.49%) C++
23 1,584 (10.34%) AWS
24 1,525 (9.96%) CSS
25 1,399 (9.13%) Git (software)
26 1,355 (8.85%) C
27 1,338 (8.74%) Scrum
28 1,252 (8.17%) ITIL
29 1,245 (8.13%) DevOps
30 1,213 (7.92%) Analytics

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 302 (1.97%) Apache Spark
2 272 (1.78%) Confluence
3 243 (1.59%) IIS
4 238 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
5 229 (1.50%) SharePoint
6 184 (1.20%) CMS
7 171 (1.12%) SAS
8 155 (1.01%) Apache
9 137 (0.89%) MS Exchange
10 129 (0.84%) Tomcat
11 75 (0.49%) nginx
11 75 (0.49%) Skype for Business
12 68 (0.44%) OpenStack
13 59 (0.39%) WebSphere
14 56 (0.37%) WordPress
15 50 (0.33%) JBoss
16 47 (0.31%) Apache Solr
17 45 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 44 (0.29%) ArcGIS
19 25 (0.16%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 712 (4.65%) Microsoft Office
2 652 (4.26%) Microsoft Excel
3 302 (1.97%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 129 (0.84%) MS Visio
5 114 (0.74%) Microsoft Project
6 82 (0.54%) Sketch
7 75 (0.49%) Photoshop
8 54 (0.35%) Simulink
9 52 (0.34%) SPSS
10 48 (0.31%) InVision
11 44 (0.29%) Adobe Illustrator
12 43 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
13 25 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 21 (0.14%) AutoCAD
15 19 (0.12%) InDesign
16 16 (0.10%) OmniGraffle
17 13 (0.085%) SOLIDWORKS
18 12 (0.078%) Marvel
18 12 (0.078%) Zeplin
19 9 (0.059%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 107 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
2 72 (0.47%) Dynamics AX
3 58 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
4 36 (0.24%) NetSuite
5 35 (0.23%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 34 (0.22%) SAP SD
7 32 (0.21%) Cognos TM1
8 30 (0.20%) SAP MM
9 27 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
10 25 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
11 24 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
12 23 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
13 22 (0.14%) SAP ERP
13 22 (0.14%) thinkFolio
14 21 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
15 19 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
16 18 (0.12%) SAP FI
17 17 (0.11%) Oracle Assets
17 17 (0.11%) SAP CO
17 17 (0.11%) SAP FI/CO
Cloud Services
1 1,870 (12.21%) Azure
2 1,584 (10.34%) AWS
3 597 (3.90%) SaaS
4 586 (3.83%) Office 365
5 439 (2.87%) GCP
6 377 (2.46%) Power Platform
7 257 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
8 174 (1.14%) Serverless
9 157 (1.03%) GitHub
10 149 (0.97%) IaaS
11 148 (0.97%) PaaS
12 104 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
13 99 (0.65%) AWS Lambda
14 95 (0.62%) Amazon EC2
15 92 (0.60%) Dynamics 365
16 74 (0.48%) OpenShift
17 67 (0.44%) Amazon S3
18 62 (0.40%) Google Analytics
19 61 (0.40%) Azure Active Directory
20 58 (0.38%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 742 (4.84%) Firewall
2 467 (3.05%) TCP/IP
3 451 (2.94%) WAN
4 439 (2.87%) Internet
5 418 (2.73%) DNS
6 407 (2.66%) LAN
7 313 (2.04%) Wireless
8 309 (2.02%) VPN
9 266 (1.74%) DHCP
10 259 (1.69%) Network Security
11 229 (1.50%) VoIP
12 210 (1.37%) MPLS
13 180 (1.18%) HTTP
14 155 (1.01%) BGP
15 151 (0.99%) SAN
16 136 (0.89%) Wi-Fi
17 130 (0.85%) Unified Communications
18 107 (0.70%) OSPF
18 107 (0.70%) Skype
19 97 (0.63%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,701 (11.11%) SQL Server
2 790 (5.16%) Big Data
3 534 (3.49%) Relational Database
4 477 (3.11%) MySQL
5 415 (2.71%) NoSQL
6 368 (2.40%) Power BI
7 356 (2.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 352 (2.30%) PostgreSQL
9 338 (2.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 327 (2.14%) Hadoop
11 322 (2.10%) Data Warehouse
12 177 (1.16%) Data Mining
13 162 (1.06%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 152 (0.99%) MongoDB
15 151 (0.99%) Oracle Database
16 137 (0.89%) RDBMS
17 116 (0.76%) GIS
18 111 (0.72%) Redis
19 95 (0.62%) Data Lake
20 90 (0.59%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,399 (9.13%) Git (software)
2 813 (5.31%) JIRA
3 595 (3.89%) Jenkins
4 436 (2.85%) Visual Studio
5 333 (2.17%) Selenium
6 253 (1.65%) Team Foundation Server
7 246 (1.61%) Subversion
8 145 (0.95%) TeamCity
9 139 (0.91%) Bitbucket
9 139 (0.91%) Eclipse
10 136 (0.89%) Maven
11 127 (0.83%) Cucumber
12 117 (0.76%) JUnit
13 116 (0.76%) Visual Studio Team System
14 98 (0.64%) webpack
15 93 (0.61%) NUnit
16 91 (0.59%) SpecFlow
17 87 (0.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 81 (0.53%) Gradle
19 78 (0.51%) Mocha
General
1 3,423 (22.35%) Finance
2 1,026 (6.70%) Marketing
3 822 (5.37%) Banking
4 787 (5.14%) Retail
5 744 (4.86%) Telecoms
6 551 (3.60%) Electronics
7 478 (3.12%) Manufacturing
8 467 (3.05%) Public Sector
9 394 (2.57%) Games
10 338 (2.21%) Legal
11 312 (2.04%) Front Office
12 308 (2.01%) Aerospace
13 284 (1.85%) Advertising
14 233 (1.52%) Law
15 210 (1.37%) Military
16 187 (1.22%) Automotive
16 187 (1.22%) German Language
17 180 (1.18%) French Language
18 150 (0.98%) Investment Banking
19 125 (0.82%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,969 (25.92%) Developer
2 1,506 (9.83%) Analyst
3 1,410 (9.21%) Software Engineer
4 1,130 (7.38%) Consultant
5 1,074 (7.01%) Graduate
6 1,037 (6.77%) Junior
7 914 (5.97%) Software Developer
8 836 (5.46%) Architect
9 719 (4.69%) Senior Developer
10 706 (4.61%) .NET Developer
11 649 (4.24%) C# Developer
12 593 (3.87%) Java Developer
13 587 (3.83%) Graduate Developer
14 584 (3.81%) Junior Developer
15 458 (2.99%) Project Manager
16 361 (2.36%) C# .NET Developer
17 348 (2.27%) Support Engineer
18 336 (2.19%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 334 (2.18%) Senior Software Engineer
20 325 (2.12%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,414 (15.76%) .NET
2 1,842 (12.03%) HTML
3 1,525 (9.96%) CSS
4 1,138 (7.43%) AngularJS
5 885 (5.78%) Web Services
6 868 (5.67%) ASP.NET
7 857 (5.60%) React
8 711 (4.64%) REST
9 702 (4.58%) HTML5
10 551 (3.60%) Node.js
11 526 (3.43%) jQuery
12 502 (3.28%) XML
13 473 (3.09%) Spring
14 449 (2.93%) RESTful
15 387 (2.53%) .NET Framework
16 380 (2.48%) CSS3
17 331 (2.16%) ASP.NET MVC
18 286 (1.87%) .NET Core
19 270 (1.76%) SOAP
20 257 (1.68%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 2,106 (13.75%) Analytical Skills
2 1,033 (6.75%) Management Information System
3 930 (6.07%) Self-Motivation
4 880 (5.75%) User Experience
5 718 (4.69%) Algorithms
6 377 (2.46%) Data Centre
7 333 (2.17%) Mobile App
8 270 (1.76%) Data Structures
9 255 (1.67%) Virtual Team
10 223 (1.46%) Greenfield Project
10 223 (1.46%) Robotics
11 214 (1.40%) Public Cloud
12 206 (1.35%) Enterprise Software
13 203 (1.33%) Hedge funds
14 165 (1.08%) Fixed Income
15 164 (1.07%) Embedded Systems
16 162 (1.06%) Driving Licence
17 152 (0.99%) Social Media
18 130 (0.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 121 (0.79%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 1,933 (12.62%) Windows
2 1,860 (12.14%) Linux
3 506 (3.30%) Unix
4 466 (3.04%) Windows Server
5 346 (2.26%) Windows 10
6 319 (2.08%) Android
7 243 (1.59%) Apple iOS
8 175 (1.14%) Windows 7
9 156 (1.02%) Windows Server 2012
10 123 (0.80%) CentOS
11 104 (0.68%) Ubuntu
12 93 (0.61%) Mac OS
13 91 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
14 85 (0.56%) Solaris
15 73 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 48 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
17 41 (0.27%) Mac OS X
18 37 (0.24%) VMS
19 36 (0.24%) Windows 8
20 32 (0.21%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,858 (38.25%) Computer Science
2 4,981 (32.52%) Agile Software Development
3 2,690 (17.56%) Problem-Solving
4 2,684 (17.53%) Software Engineering
5 1,890 (12.34%) Mathematics
6 1,746 (11.40%) Project Management
7 1,338 (8.74%) Scrum
8 1,252 (8.17%) ITIL
9 1,245 (8.13%) DevOps
10 1,213 (7.92%) Analytics
11 1,095 (7.15%) Mentoring
12 1,083 (7.07%) Test Automation
13 978 (6.39%) OO
14 972 (6.35%) SDLC
15 919 (6.00%) Cybersecurity
16 874 (5.71%) Machine Learning
17 855 (5.58%) MVC
18 841 (5.49%) TDD
19 827 (5.40%) Data Science
20 825 (5.39%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 3,111 (20.31%) SQL
2 3,099 (20.24%) C#
3 2,625 (17.14%) JavaScript
4 2,536 (16.56%) Python
5 2,448 (15.98%) Java
6 1,606 (10.49%) C++
7 1,355 (8.85%) C
8 546 (3.57%) R
9 528 (3.45%) PowerShell
10 509 (3.32%) PHP
11 399 (2.61%) T-SQL
12 333 (2.17%) TypeScript
13 330 (2.15%) Scala
14 305 (1.99%) Bash Shell
15 248 (1.62%) Ruby
16 220 (1.44%) MATLAB
17 212 (1.38%) Perl
18 171 (1.12%) Go
19 170 (1.11%) Shell Script
20 167 (1.09%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 3,430 (22.40%) Computer Science Degree
2 622 (4.06%) Security Cleared
3 614 (4.01%) Master's Degree
4 571 (3.73%) CISSP
5 486 (3.17%) Cisco Certification
6 447 (2.92%) Microsoft Certification
7 441 (2.88%) Numerate Degree
8 381 (2.49%) CISM
9 300 (1.96%) PhD
10 264 (1.72%) SC Cleared
11 257 (1.68%) CCNA
12 245 (1.60%) HND
13 242 (1.58%) CCNP
14 212 (1.38%) CISA
15 202 (1.32%) PMI Certification
16 197 (1.29%) MCP
17 185 (1.21%) DV Cleared
18 179 (1.17%) MCSE
19 176 (1.15%) PMP
20 170 (1.11%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 829 (5.41%) QA
2 375 (2.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 294 (1.92%) SLA
4 280 (1.83%) GDPR
5 187 (1.22%) PMO
6 168 (1.10%) NIST
7 150 (0.98%) PCI DSS
8 143 (0.93%) Data Quality
9 79 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 71 (0.46%) NCSC
11 46 (0.30%) COBIT
11 46 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
12 43 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 31 (0.20%) ISO 9001
14 29 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 22 (0.14%) IFRS
16 18 (0.12%) IFRS 9
16 18 (0.12%) ISAE 3402
17 16 (0.10%) MISRA
17 16 (0.10%) PSD2
System Software
1 865 (5.65%) Docker
2 714 (4.66%) Active Directory
3 484 (3.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 241 (1.57%) Firmware
5 179 (1.17%) Hyper-V
6 79 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
7 55 (0.36%) XenApp
8 53 (0.35%) Microsoft App-V
9 51 (0.33%) VMware ESXi
10 41 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
11 34 (0.22%) vSphere
12 31 (0.20%) VirtualBox
13 30 (0.20%) NFS
14 25 (0.16%) VMware NSX
15 24 (0.16%) Varnish
16 21 (0.14%) XenDesktop
17 18 (0.12%) HDFS
18 15 (0.098%) vCloud
19 14 (0.091%) VMware Workstation
20 13 (0.085%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 533 (3.48%) Kubernetes
2 357 (2.33%) Ansible
3 275 (1.80%) Terraform
4 251 (1.64%) Puppet
5 163 (1.06%) Opscode Chef
6 162 (1.06%) SCCM
7 64 (0.42%) Nessus
8 58 (0.38%) Salt
9 49 (0.32%) Nagios
10 47 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
11 45 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
12 44 (0.29%) Microsoft Intune
13 43 (0.28%) BMC PATROL
14 42 (0.27%) Packer
15 39 (0.25%) SCOM
15 39 (0.25%) SQL Sentry
16 38 (0.25%) Kibana
17 37 (0.24%) Consul
18 36 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
18 36 (0.24%) QRadar
Vendors
1 2,434 (15.89%) Microsoft
2 876 (5.72%) Oracle
3 686 (4.48%) VMware
4 585 (3.82%) Cisco
5 561 (3.66%) Google
6 459 (3.00%) SAP
7 348 (2.27%) Salesforce.com
8 241 (1.57%) Citrix
9 240 (1.57%) Tableau
10 222 (1.45%) Splunk
11 192 (1.25%) Adobe
12 189 (1.23%) IBM
13 181 (1.18%) ServiceNow
14 154 (1.01%) Apple
15 144 (0.94%) EMC
16 123 (0.80%) Dell
17 122 (0.80%) Juniper
18 119 (0.78%) Atlassian
19 118 (0.77%) Palo Alto
20 113 (0.74%) HP