Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 25 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
25 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 15 21 20
Rank change year-on-year +6 -1 -6
Permanent jobs citing Degree 21,907 9,162 9,281
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 13.34% 9.94% 10.06%
As % of the Qualifications category 54.00% 47.61% 46.80%
Number of salaries quoted 7,673 5,605 6,901
10th Percentile £30,000 £30,000 £27,500
25th Percentile £40,000 £40,000 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £73,750 £75,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,000 £47,500 £46,000
% change year-on-year -1.05% +3.26% +8.24%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 40,567 19,243 19,833
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.70% 20.87% 21.49%
Number of salaries quoted 17,052 12,442 14,883
10th Percentile £30,875 £31,250 £28,750
25th Percentile £40,749 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £73,500 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +7 18,129 £55,000 - 1,876
UK excluding London +14 10,295 £47,000 -1.05% 1,422
London +1 8,342 £65,000 -3.70% 614
Work from Home +9 7,329 £55,699 +1.27% 700
South East +8 3,620 £50,500 +1.00% 325
North of England +12 1,694 £42,500 -10.53% 255
East of England +4 1,592 £46,500 -7.00% 210
Midlands +16 1,557 £45,000 - 248
West Midlands +11 1,063 £45,000 -5.26% 146
South West +6 1,006 £45,000 - 217
North West +13 847 £45,000 - 147
Yorkshire +14 652 £45,000 -10.00% 83
Scotland +7 643 £45,483 +6.63% 100
East Midlands +20 476 £41,500 -2.35% 100
Wales +7 214 £35,453 -19.88% 54
North East +19 196 £40,000 +2.56% 25
Northern Ireland -22 54 £47,500 +18.75% 16
Channel Islands - 17 £84,000 -

For the 6 months to 25 May 2022, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 9,063 (41.37%) Computer Science
2 8,232 (37.58%) Social Skills
3 7,840 (35.79%) Agile
4 5,446 (24.86%) Finance
5 5,236 (23.90%) Computer Science Degree
6 5,216 (23.81%) Problem-Solving
7 5,198 (23.73%) Software Engineering
8 4,733 (21.60%) Python
9 4,314 (19.69%) SQL
10 3,884 (17.73%) AWS
11 3,750 (17.12%) Analytical Skills
12 3,669 (16.75%) JavaScript
13 3,235 (14.77%) Java
14 3,199 (14.60%) Azure
15 3,034 (13.85%) Mathematics
16 3,003 (13.71%) Analytics
17 2,845 (12.99%) Project Management
18 2,805 (12.80%) DevOps
19 2,740 (12.51%) Microsoft
20 2,575 (11.75%) Marketing
21 2,565 (11.71%) C#
22 2,511 (11.46%) Linux
23 2,475 (11.30%) React
24 2,447 (11.17%) CI/CD
25 2,433 (11.11%) Mentoring
26 2,218 (10.12%) Data Science
27 2,203 (10.06%) Git (software)
28 2,179 (9.95%) C++
29 2,177 (9.94%) HTML
30 2,041 (9.32%) User Experience

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 615 (2.81%) SAS
2 465 (2.12%) Apache Spark
3 439 (2.00%) SharePoint
4 371 (1.69%) Confluence
5 288 (1.31%) Elasticsearch
6 274 (1.25%) Apache
7 205 (0.94%) CMS
8 202 (0.92%) IIS
9 195 (0.89%) Apache Airflow
10 146 (0.67%) WordPress
11 111 (0.51%) BizTalk Server
12 99 (0.45%) OpenStack
13 92 (0.42%) Ethereum
14 91 (0.42%) MS Exchange
15 69 (0.31%) Tomcat
16 66 (0.30%) WebSphere
17 65 (0.30%) Jupyter
18 64 (0.29%) Apache Solr
19 59 (0.27%) Documentum
20 51 (0.23%) Headless CMS
Applications
1 1,132 (5.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 1,026 (4.68%) Microsoft Office
3 590 (2.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 252 (1.15%) Sketch
5 187 (0.85%) Microsoft Project
6 165 (0.75%) InVision
7 162 (0.74%) MS Visio
8 158 (0.72%) Simulink
9 149 (0.68%) Photoshop
10 107 (0.49%) Adobe XD
11 88 (0.40%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 84 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
13 78 (0.36%) Zeplin
14 71 (0.32%) CATIA
15 62 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
16 49 (0.22%) Adobe After Effects
17 44 (0.20%) OmniGraffle
17 44 (0.20%) SPSS
18 43 (0.20%) Chatbot
19 35 (0.16%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 180 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
2 75 (0.34%) NetSuite
3 62 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
3 62 (0.28%) TrackWise
4 57 (0.26%) Magento
5 47 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
6 46 (0.21%) Oracle Clinical
7 45 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
8 37 (0.17%) R3 Corda
9 31 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
10 30 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
11 29 (0.13%) Shopify
12 28 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 25 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
14 24 (0.11%) Teamcenter
15 17 (0.078%) Primavera
15 17 (0.078%) Sentinel
15 17 (0.078%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
16 16 (0.073%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
17 14 (0.064%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 3,884 (17.73%) AWS
2 3,199 (14.60%) Azure
3 1,540 (7.03%) GCP
4 1,370 (6.25%) SaaS
5 1,065 (4.86%) Serverless
6 1,043 (4.76%) Power Platform
7 831 (3.79%) GitHub
8 593 (2.71%) Microsoft 365
9 510 (2.33%) Cloud Computing
10 366 (1.67%) PaaS
11 309 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
12 288 (1.31%) Amazon S3
12 288 (1.31%) Figma
13 276 (1.26%) Amazon EC2
14 230 (1.05%) Google Analytics
14 230 (1.05%) IaaS
15 197 (0.90%) OpenShift
16 186 (0.85%) Dynamics 365
17 181 (0.83%) Slack
18 170 (0.78%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 554 (2.53%) TCP/IP
2 481 (2.20%) HTTP
3 472 (2.15%) Firewall
4 434 (1.98%) Internet
5 327 (1.49%) DNS
6 303 (1.38%) WAN
7 246 (1.12%) Wireless
8 240 (1.10%) LAN
9 225 (1.03%) VPN
10 207 (0.94%) DHCP
11 156 (0.71%) Network Security
12 134 (0.61%) Wi-Fi
13 122 (0.56%) VoIP
14 110 (0.50%) SAN
15 109 (0.50%) SD-WAN
16 97 (0.44%) BGP
17 85 (0.39%) Broadband
18 83 (0.38%) OSPF
19 75 (0.34%) MPLS
20 72 (0.33%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,681 (7.67%) SQL Server
2 1,226 (5.60%) Relational Database
3 1,146 (5.23%) PostgreSQL
4 1,044 (4.77%) NoSQL
5 975 (4.45%) MySQL
6 905 (4.13%) Big Data
7 815 (3.72%) Power BI
8 649 (2.96%) Data Warehouse
9 537 (2.45%) Tableau
10 495 (2.26%) MongoDB
11 359 (1.64%) RDBMS
12 349 (1.59%) Redis
13 337 (1.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 286 (1.31%) Data Lake
15 280 (1.28%) Hadoop
16 262 (1.20%) BigQuery
16 262 (1.20%) Data Mining
17 229 (1.05%) Amazon RDS
18 228 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 224 (1.02%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 2,203 (10.06%) Git (software)
2 1,349 (6.16%) JIRA
3 1,109 (5.06%) Jenkins
4 358 (1.63%) Visual Studio
5 297 (1.36%) Selenium
6 275 (1.26%) GitLab
7 248 (1.13%) webpack
8 240 (1.10%) Cypress.io
9 237 (1.08%) Bitbucket
10 228 (1.04%) JUnit
11 183 (0.84%) Maven
12 179 (0.82%) Cucumber
13 178 (0.81%) Mocha
14 170 (0.78%) Rational DOORS
15 165 (0.75%) Subversion
16 151 (0.69%) TeamCity
17 149 (0.68%) NUnit
18 130 (0.59%) Octopus Deploy
19 126 (0.58%) Team Foundation Server
20 111 (0.51%) SpecFlow
General
1 8,232 (37.58%) Social Skills
2 5,446 (24.86%) Finance
3 3,750 (17.12%) Analytical Skills
4 2,575 (11.75%) Marketing
5 1,547 (7.06%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 1,315 (6.00%) Legal
7 1,075 (4.91%) Pharmaceutical
8 1,042 (4.76%) Retail
9 1,034 (4.72%) Public Sector
10 961 (4.39%) Games
11 946 (4.32%) Banking
12 932 (4.25%) Presentation Skills
13 930 (4.25%) Automotive
14 866 (3.95%) Law
15 792 (3.62%) Electronics
16 772 (3.52%) Manufacturing
17 649 (2.96%) Influencing Skills
18 570 (2.60%) Organisational Skills
19 532 (2.43%) Advertising
20 468 (2.14%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 3,906 (17.83%) Developer
2 2,841 (12.97%) Software Engineer
3 2,087 (9.53%) Analyst
4 1,396 (6.37%) Graduate
5 1,138 (5.19%) Architect
6 1,000 (4.56%) Senior Developer
7 823 (3.76%) Senior Software Engineer
8 769 (3.51%) Software Developer
9 668 (3.05%) Consultant
10 618 (2.82%) Junior
11 568 (2.59%) Project Manager
12 534 (2.44%) Full Stack Developer
13 503 (2.30%) Trainee
14 499 (2.28%) Embedded Engineer
15 493 (2.25%) Programmer
16 489 (2.23%) Data Engineer
17 486 (2.22%) Solutions Architect
18 462 (2.11%) Senior Manager
19 451 (2.06%) Embedded Software Engineer
20 432 (1.97%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,475 (11.30%) React
2 2,177 (9.94%) HTML
3 1,983 (9.05%) CSS
4 1,791 (8.18%) .NET
5 1,439 (6.57%) Node.js
6 1,347 (6.15%) AngularJS
7 1,240 (5.66%) REST
8 928 (4.24%) HTML5
9 926 (4.23%) Web Services
10 824 (3.76%) Spring
11 789 (3.60%) RESTful
12 699 (3.19%) Vue.js
13 641 (2.93%) XML
14 627 (2.86%) CSS3
15 556 (2.54%) JSON
16 552 (2.52%) Kafka
17 539 (2.46%) Spring Boot
18 516 (2.36%) ASP.NET
19 467 (2.13%) .NET Core
20 457 (2.09%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 2,041 (9.32%) User Experience
2 1,616 (7.38%) Algorithms
3 1,339 (6.11%) Self-Motivation
4 1,335 (6.09%) Management Information System
5 981 (4.48%) Data Structures
6 718 (3.28%) Mobile App
7 669 (3.05%) Driving Licence
8 597 (2.73%) Virtual Team
9 533 (2.43%) Life Science
10 504 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
11 463 (2.11%) Cloud Native
12 420 (1.92%) IoT
13 356 (1.63%) Data Centre
14 351 (1.60%) Blockchain
15 345 (1.57%) Blog
16 323 (1.47%) Social Media
17 315 (1.44%) Public Cloud
18 310 (1.42%) Biotechnology
19 245 (1.12%) NHS
20 217 (0.99%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 2,511 (11.46%) Linux
2 1,810 (8.26%) Windows
3 669 (3.05%) Android
4 607 (2.77%) Unix
5 566 (2.58%) Apple iOS
6 425 (1.94%) Windows Server
7 183 (0.84%) Windows 10
8 127 (0.58%) Mac OS
9 123 (0.56%) Windows Server 2016
10 99 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
11 94 (0.43%) Embedded Linux
12 74 (0.34%) VMS
13 67 (0.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 58 (0.26%) Windows Server 2019
15 57 (0.26%) Mac OS X
16 54 (0.25%) CentOS
17 53 (0.24%) Solaris
18 51 (0.23%) Windows 7
19 50 (0.23%) Ubuntu
20 49 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,063 (41.37%) Computer Science
2 7,840 (35.79%) Agile
3 5,216 (23.81%) Problem-Solving
4 5,198 (23.73%) Software Engineering
5 3,034 (13.85%) Mathematics
6 3,003 (13.71%) Analytics
7 2,845 (12.99%) Project Management
8 2,805 (12.80%) DevOps
9 2,447 (11.17%) CI/CD
10 2,433 (11.11%) Mentoring
11 2,218 (10.12%) Data Science
12 2,011 (9.18%) Decision-Making
13 1,974 (9.01%) Scrum
14 1,903 (8.69%) Test Automation
15 1,855 (8.47%) Full Stack Development
16 1,840 (8.40%) Machine Learning
17 1,836 (8.38%) Artificial Intelligence
18 1,619 (7.39%) Microservices
19 1,596 (7.29%) Risk Management
20 1,571 (7.17%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 4,733 (21.60%) Python
2 4,314 (19.69%) SQL
3 3,669 (16.75%) JavaScript
4 3,235 (14.77%) Java
5 2,565 (11.71%) C#
6 2,179 (9.95%) C++
7 1,879 (8.58%) C
8 1,318 (6.02%) TypeScript
9 876 (4.00%) R
10 599 (2.73%) PHP
11 579 (2.64%) PowerShell
12 479 (2.19%) T-SQL
13 461 (2.10%) Scala
14 460 (2.10%) Go
15 387 (1.77%) Objective-C
16 366 (1.67%) MATLAB
17 342 (1.56%) Bash
18 310 (1.42%) Kotlin
19 300 (1.37%) Ruby
20 286 (1.31%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 5,236 (23.90%) Computer Science Degree
2 1,740 (7.94%) Master's Degree
3 993 (4.53%) Security Cleared
4 645 (2.94%) SC Cleared
5 562 (2.57%) Numerate Degree
6 505 (2.31%) PhD
7 431 (1.97%) Microsoft Certification
8 413 (1.89%) PMI Certification
9 365 (1.67%) CISSP
10 282 (1.29%) Cisco Certification
11 269 (1.23%) PMP
12 235 (1.07%) CISM
13 191 (0.87%) TOGAF Certification
14 183 (0.84%) HND
15 168 (0.77%) DBS Check
16 166 (0.76%) CCNA
17 162 (0.74%) ITIL Certification
18 155 (0.71%) MBA
19 141 (0.64%) CCNP
20 139 (0.63%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,536 (7.01%) QA
2 559 (2.55%) Accessibility
3 527 (2.41%) Data Quality
4 372 (1.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 322 (1.47%) GDPR
6 265 (1.21%) CDISC
7 230 (1.05%) SLA
8 214 (0.98%) Good Clinical Practice
8 214 (0.98%) PMO
9 213 (0.97%) NIST
10 151 (0.69%) GRC
11 131 (0.60%) GxP
12 127 (0.58%) ISO 9001
13 107 (0.49%) ISO 26262
14 105 (0.48%) 21 CFR Part 11
15 75 (0.34%) Cyber Essentials
16 72 (0.33%) GMP
17 71 (0.32%) PCI DSS
18 66 (0.30%) GLP
19 61 (0.28%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 1,828 (8.34%) Docker
2 648 (2.96%) Active Directory
3 337 (1.54%) VMware Infrastructure
4 208 (0.95%) Firmware
5 164 (0.75%) Hyper-V
6 136 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
7 64 (0.29%) vSphere
8 62 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
9 47 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 34 (0.16%) LXC
11 33 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
12 31 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
12 31 (0.14%) XenApp
13 24 (0.11%) VMware NSX
14 22 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
15 15 (0.068%) HDFS
15 15 (0.068%) Oracle Clusterware
16 14 (0.064%) NFS
16 14 (0.064%) zsh
17 12 (0.055%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 1,484 (6.77%) Kubernetes
2 720 (3.29%) Terraform
3 495 (2.26%) Ansible
4 213 (0.97%) Puppet
5 151 (0.69%) SCCM
6 138 (0.63%) Grafana
7 137 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
8 85 (0.39%) Kibana
9 82 (0.37%) Prometheus
10 79 (0.36%) Microsoft Intune
11 72 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
12 53 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
13 52 (0.24%) Nagios
14 43 (0.20%) NetBackup
15 37 (0.17%) WSUS
16 36 (0.16%) Istio
17 31 (0.14%) HAProxy
17 31 (0.14%) Kubeflow
18 30 (0.14%) CASB
19 29 (0.13%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 2,740 (12.51%) Microsoft
2 1,231 (5.62%) Google
3 992 (4.53%) Oracle
4 589 (2.69%) Salesforce.com
5 486 (2.22%) SAP
6 453 (2.07%) VMware
7 396 (1.81%) Adobe
8 382 (1.74%) Cisco
9 322 (1.47%) Apple
10 264 (1.21%) IBM
11 229 (1.05%) Bloomberg
12 202 (0.92%) Facebook
13 185 (0.84%) MuleSoft
14 179 (0.82%) Splunk
15 163 (0.74%) Databricks
16 139 (0.63%) Alteryx
17 135 (0.62%) Red Hat
18 126 (0.58%) Citrix
19 125 (0.57%) Refinitiv
20 119 (0.54%) HP