Period
to 19 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 19 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 20 15 14
Rank change year-on-year -5 -1 0
Permanent jobs citing Degree 4,909 15,898 20,238
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.86% 11.25% 12.09%
As % of the Qualifications category 44.61% 47.99% 51.04%
Number of salaries quoted 4,005 11,665 15,050
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £26,250 £25,225
90th Percentile £90,150 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £44,735 £42,500
% change year-on-year +9.54% +5.26% +6.25%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 11,005 33,131 39,655
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.10% 23.44% 23.68%
Number of salaries quoted 8,059 24,048 29,426
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +8.70%
10th Percentile £31,250 £26,750 £26,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 19 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 4,585 £55,000 +10.00% 1,367
UK excluding London -5 2,727 £49,000 +9.54% 985
London -2 2,054 £65,000 +8.33% 474
South East -6 990 £50,000 +11.11% 259
North of England -1 554 £47,500 +26.67% 181
South West -5 341 £45,000 - 146
Midlands -5 339 £47,500 +5.56% 145
Work from Home -2 306 £50,000 +3.65% 196
North West -11 282 £51,000 +36.00% 81
East of England -4 279 £52,500 +16.67% 162
West Midlands -5 235 £48,500 +7.78% 93
Yorkshire +27 222 £47,500 +20.25% 67
Scotland -4 151 £45,000 +14.65% 48
East Midlands -3 103 £47,500 +2.15% 51
Wales -7 67 £40,000 +17.65% 38
North East -8 50 £44,000 +0.57% 33
Northern Ireland +9 22 £40,000 -3.03% 8
Isle of Man - 5 £52,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 19 September 2020, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,937 (39.46%) Computer Science
2 1,498 (30.52%) Agile Software Development
3 1,252 (25.50%) Computer Science Degree
4 1,194 (24.32%) SQL
5 1,167 (23.77%) Finance
6 975 (19.86%) Software Engineering
7 951 (19.37%) C#
8 937 (19.09%) Python
9 917 (18.68%) JavaScript
10 882 (17.97%) Java
11 835 (17.01%) Microsoft
12 787 (16.03%) Problem-Solving
13 765 (15.58%) Azure
14 759 (15.46%) .NET
15 746 (15.20%) Analytical Skills
16 692 (14.10%) Mathematics
17 688 (14.02%) AWS
18 606 (12.34%) HTML
19 596 (12.14%) SQL Server
20 591 (12.04%) DevOps
21 580 (11.82%) Project Management
22 569 (11.59%) Scrum
23 531 (10.82%) CSS
24 530 (10.80%) Windows
25 516 (10.51%) Git (software)
26 498 (10.14%) Linux
27 484 (9.86%) C++
28 476 (9.70%) Analytics
29 410 (8.35%) Test Automation
30 404 (8.23%) OO

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 164 (3.34%) Apache Spark
2 126 (2.57%) Confluence
3 103 (2.10%) SharePoint
4 92 (1.87%) IIS
5 62 (1.26%) Apache
6 60 (1.22%) Elasticsearch
7 38 (0.77%) CMS
8 31 (0.63%) SAS
9 28 (0.57%) MS Exchange
9 28 (0.57%) Skype for Business
10 27 (0.55%) Tomcat
11 24 (0.49%) WebSphere
12 21 (0.43%) nginx
13 15 (0.31%) Apache Airflow
13 15 (0.31%) Jupyter
14 14 (0.29%) WordPress
15 13 (0.26%) WebLogic
16 11 (0.22%) Luigi
16 11 (0.22%) SharePoint 2010
17 10 (0.20%) OpenStack
Applications
1 237 (4.83%) Microsoft Office
2 186 (3.79%) Microsoft Excel
3 72 (1.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 48 (0.98%) MS Visio
5 31 (0.63%) Microsoft Project
6 17 (0.35%) Simulink
7 16 (0.33%) Sketch
8 14 (0.29%) InVision
9 13 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
10 12 (0.24%) Figma
11 11 (0.22%) 3ds Max
11 11 (0.22%) Photoshop
12 10 (0.20%) AutoCAD
12 10 (0.20%) SPSS
13 8 (0.16%) Revit
13 8 (0.16%) SketchUp
13 8 (0.16%) Stata
14 7 (0.14%) ArchiCAD
14 7 (0.14%) MicroStation
14 7 (0.14%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 48 (0.98%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.45%) NetSuite
3 19 (0.39%) Shopify
4 18 (0.37%) Remedy ITSM
5 15 (0.31%) Magento
5 15 (0.31%) SAP S/4HANA
6 12 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
7 10 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
7 10 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
8 9 (0.18%) Endur
8 9 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
8 9 (0.18%) Oracle Receivables
8 9 (0.18%) SAP MM
9 8 (0.16%) SAP SD
9 8 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 7 (0.14%) Oracle Internet Expenses
11 6 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
11 6 (0.12%) Maximo
11 6 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
11 6 (0.12%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 765 (15.58%) Azure
2 688 (14.02%) AWS
3 222 (4.52%) SaaS
4 201 (4.09%) GCP
5 176 (3.59%) Power Platform
6 169 (3.44%) Office 365
7 95 (1.94%) IaaS
8 88 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
9 75 (1.53%) PaaS
10 70 (1.43%) Dynamics 365
11 62 (1.26%) AWS CloudFormation
11 62 (1.26%) Serverless
12 40 (0.81%) GitHub
13 39 (0.79%) AWS Lambda
14 30 (0.61%) Azure Active Directory
15 29 (0.59%) Amazon EC2
16 24 (0.49%) Amazon S3
16 24 (0.49%) Slack
17 23 (0.47%) PowerApps
18 20 (0.41%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 157 (3.20%) Firewall
2 109 (2.22%) TCP/IP
3 108 (2.20%) Internet
4 79 (1.61%) DNS
4 79 (1.61%) WAN
5 77 (1.57%) LAN
6 75 (1.53%) VPN
7 68 (1.39%) Network Security
8 58 (1.18%) Wireless
9 56 (1.14%) SAN
10 49 (1.00%) HTTP
11 48 (0.98%) Skype
12 37 (0.75%) SSL
13 35 (0.71%) DHCP
14 34 (0.69%) VoIP
15 25 (0.51%) 5G
16 24 (0.49%) Wi-Fi
17 23 (0.47%) Ethernet
18 21 (0.43%) 4G
19 18 (0.37%) Radio Access Network
Database & Business Intelligence
1 596 (12.14%) SQL Server
2 329 (6.70%) Big Data
3 257 (5.24%) NoSQL
4 249 (5.07%) Relational Database
5 181 (3.69%) Hadoop
6 146 (2.97%) Power BI
7 132 (2.69%) MongoDB
8 131 (2.67%) MySQL
9 123 (2.51%) Data Warehouse
10 120 (2.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 119 (2.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 110 (2.24%) PostgreSQL
13 63 (1.28%) Apache Cassandra
13 63 (1.28%) Data Mining
14 56 (1.14%) Data Lake
14 56 (1.14%) RDBMS
15 51 (1.04%) Apache Hive
16 44 (0.90%) Blockchain
17 43 (0.88%) Amazon Redshift
18 41 (0.84%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 516 (10.51%) Git (software)
2 255 (5.19%) JIRA
3 171 (3.48%) Jenkins
4 149 (3.04%) Selenium
5 122 (2.49%) Visual Studio
6 87 (1.77%) Subversion
7 80 (1.63%) Team Foundation Server
8 44 (0.90%) Maven
9 43 (0.88%) SoapUI
10 41 (0.84%) Bitbucket
11 39 (0.79%) JUnit
12 38 (0.77%) SpecFlow
13 36 (0.73%) Mercurial
14 35 (0.71%) Eclipse
15 34 (0.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 30 (0.61%) Octopus Deploy
17 29 (0.59%) TeamCity
18 28 (0.57%) GitLab
19 23 (0.47%) Cucumber
20 20 (0.41%) WebDriver
General
1 1,167 (23.77%) Finance
2 254 (5.17%) Marketing
3 232 (4.73%) Banking
4 198 (4.03%) Telecoms
5 164 (3.34%) Manufacturing
6 145 (2.95%) Electronics
7 138 (2.81%) Retail
8 131 (2.67%) Law
8 131 (2.67%) Public Sector
9 124 (2.53%) Legal
10 106 (2.16%) Front Office
11 90 (1.83%) Games
12 73 (1.49%) Advertising
13 59 (1.20%) Aerospace
14 50 (1.02%) French Language
15 47 (0.96%) Back Office
16 43 (0.88%) Automotive
17 40 (0.81%) Investment Banking
17 40 (0.81%) Police
18 39 (0.79%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,227 (24.99%) Developer
2 529 (10.78%) Analyst
3 489 (9.96%) Software Engineer
4 259 (5.28%) Architect
5 258 (5.26%) Consultant
6 229 (4.66%) Junior
7 219 (4.46%) Java Developer
8 215 (4.38%) .NET Developer
9 212 (4.32%) C# Developer
9 212 (4.32%) Graduate
10 193 (3.93%) Senior Developer
11 190 (3.87%) Software Developer
12 130 (2.65%) Junior Developer
13 127 (2.59%) Business Analyst
14 126 (2.57%) Senior Software Engineer
15 124 (2.53%) DevOps Engineer
16 118 (2.40%) C# .NET Developer
17 116 (2.36%) Data Engineer
18 114 (2.32%) Project Manager
19 94 (1.91%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 759 (15.46%) .NET
2 606 (12.34%) HTML
3 531 (10.82%) CSS
4 349 (7.11%) AngularJS
5 337 (6.86%) React
6 261 (5.32%) Node.js
7 255 (5.19%) REST
8 246 (5.01%) Web Services
9 237 (4.83%) .NET Framework
10 234 (4.77%) .NET Core
11 227 (4.62%) ASP.NET
12 183 (3.73%) XML
13 149 (3.04%) HTML5
14 145 (2.95%) Vue.js
15 143 (2.91%) jQuery
16 135 (2.75%) Spring
17 134 (2.73%) JSON
18 133 (2.71%) Kafka
19 117 (2.38%) RESTful
20 96 (1.96%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 746 (15.20%) Analytical Skills
2 404 (8.23%) Management Information System
3 313 (6.38%) Algorithms
4 238 (4.85%) Self-Motivation
5 206 (4.20%) User Experience
6 139 (2.83%) Data Structures
7 129 (2.63%) Mobile App
8 124 (2.53%) Hedge funds
9 115 (2.34%) Public Cloud
10 111 (2.26%) Greenfield Project
11 110 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
12 109 (2.22%) Virtual Team
13 104 (2.12%) Data Centre
14 74 (1.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 64 (1.30%) Derivative
15 64 (1.30%) Equities
16 58 (1.18%) Analytical Mindset
16 58 (1.18%) Cloud Native
17 50 (1.02%) Fixed Income
18 43 (0.88%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 530 (10.80%) Windows
2 498 (10.14%) Linux
3 138 (2.81%) Windows Server
4 134 (2.73%) Unix
5 112 (2.28%) Android
6 91 (1.85%) Apple iOS
7 56 (1.14%) Windows Server 2012
8 55 (1.12%) Windows 10
9 52 (1.06%) Windows Server 2016
10 28 (0.57%) Windows 7
11 22 (0.45%) CentOS
12 21 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 20 (0.41%) VMS
13 20 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
14 16 (0.33%) Mac OS
14 16 (0.33%) Windows Server 2019
15 14 (0.29%) Mac OS X
16 10 (0.20%) Debian
16 10 (0.20%) Embedded Linux
16 10 (0.20%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,937 (39.46%) Computer Science
2 1,498 (30.52%) Agile Software Development
3 975 (19.86%) Software Engineering
4 787 (16.03%) Problem-Solving
5 692 (14.10%) Mathematics
6 591 (12.04%) DevOps
7 580 (11.82%) Project Management
8 569 (11.59%) Scrum
9 476 (9.70%) Analytics
10 410 (8.35%) Test Automation
11 404 (8.23%) OO
12 374 (7.62%) Microservices
13 369 (7.52%) ITIL
14 349 (7.11%) Mentoring
15 333 (6.78%) Machine Learning
16 321 (6.54%) Business Intelligence
17 316 (6.44%) TDD
18 287 (5.85%) Cybersecurity
19 283 (5.76%) Artificial Intelligence
20 267 (5.44%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 1,194 (24.32%) SQL
2 951 (19.37%) C#
3 937 (19.09%) Python
4 917 (18.68%) JavaScript
5 882 (17.97%) Java
6 484 (9.86%) C++
7 324 (6.60%) C
8 162 (3.30%) PowerShell
9 144 (2.93%) R
10 126 (2.57%) PHP
11 125 (2.55%) Scala
12 124 (2.53%) T-SQL
13 112 (2.28%) TypeScript
14 104 (2.12%) Bash Shell
15 79 (1.61%) Perl
16 76 (1.55%) Shell Script
17 74 (1.51%) Go
18 70 (1.43%) MATLAB
19 57 (1.16%) Kotlin
20 52 (1.06%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 1,252 (25.50%) Computer Science Degree
2 288 (5.87%) Security Cleared
3 275 (5.60%) Master's Degree
4 174 (3.54%) CISSP
5 155 (3.16%) Cisco Certification
6 138 (2.81%) Microsoft Certification
7 128 (2.61%) SC Cleared
8 119 (2.42%) CISM
8 119 (2.42%) Numerate Degree
9 91 (1.85%) PhD
10 87 (1.77%) CCNA
11 82 (1.67%) DV Cleared
12 66 (1.34%) CISA
13 62 (1.26%) AWS Certification
14 60 (1.22%) MCSE
15 53 (1.08%) ITIL Certification
16 51 (1.04%) PMI Certification
17 47 (0.96%) HNC
17 47 (0.96%) ISTQB
18 42 (0.86%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 260 (5.30%) QA
2 122 (2.49%) SLA
3 101 (2.06%) GDPR
4 93 (1.89%) NIST
5 89 (1.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 68 (1.39%) Data Quality
7 43 (0.88%) PMO
8 35 (0.71%) PCI DSS
9 30 (0.61%) COBIT
10 20 (0.41%) ISO 26262
11 15 (0.31%) MiFID
12 14 (0.29%) NCSC
12 14 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 13 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
13 13 (0.26%) ISO 22301
14 12 (0.24%) ISO 9001
15 11 (0.22%) EMIR
15 11 (0.22%) ISO 13485
16 9 (0.18%) ISO 31000
16 9 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 389 (7.92%) Docker
2 198 (4.03%) Active Directory
3 120 (2.44%) VMware Infrastructure
4 74 (1.51%) Hyper-V
5 73 (1.49%) Firmware
6 23 (0.47%) HDFS
7 21 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
8 18 (0.37%) Terminal Server
9 13 (0.26%) vSphere
10 11 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
11 10 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 10 (0.20%) KVM
12 9 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
13 8 (0.16%) VMware NSX
14 6 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
15 5 (0.10%) RHEV
15 5 (0.10%) Xen
16 4 (0.081%) Microsoft Virtual Server
16 4 (0.081%) XenApp
16 4 (0.081%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 262 (5.34%) Kubernetes
2 139 (2.83%) Terraform
3 133 (2.71%) Ansible
4 80 (1.63%) Puppet
5 56 (1.14%) Opscode Chef
6 44 (0.90%) SCCM
7 39 (0.79%) Microsoft Intune
8 27 (0.55%) Kibana
9 22 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
10 20 (0.41%) Grafana
11 18 (0.37%) HP UCMDB
12 15 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
13 11 (0.22%) Prometheus
14 9 (0.18%) QRadar
14 9 (0.18%) Rancher
15 8 (0.16%) Hadoop YARN
15 8 (0.16%) HP Data Protector
15 8 (0.16%) Istio
15 8 (0.16%) Microsoft Clustering
15 8 (0.16%) SCOM
Vendors
1 835 (17.01%) Microsoft
2 217 (4.42%) Oracle
3 183 (3.73%) VMware
4 166 (3.38%) Google
5 137 (2.79%) SAP
6 117 (2.38%) Cisco
7 113 (2.30%) Tableau
8 96 (1.96%) Salesforce.com
9 75 (1.53%) IBM
9 75 (1.53%) ServiceNow
10 60 (1.22%) HP
11 50 (1.02%) Citrix
12 46 (0.94%) Splunk
13 32 (0.65%) CheckPoint
13 32 (0.65%) Juniper
14 30 (0.61%) Atlassian
15 28 (0.57%) Adobe
15 28 (0.57%) Red Hat
15 28 (0.57%) Talend
16 27 (0.55%) Dell