Period
to 18 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 18 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
18 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 13 14 15
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 -1
Permanent jobs citing Degree 16,827 20,792 21,886
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.73% 12.10% 12.72%
As % of the Qualifications category 47.68% 50.87% 50.97%
Number of salaries quoted 11,827 15,383 16,956
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £26,250 £25,750 £25,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 35,294 40,875 42,938
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.61% 23.78% 24.95%
Number of salaries quoted 25,309 30,846 33,556
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,135 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.76% +9.19% -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £44,582 £42,500
% change year-on-year +0.94% +4.90% -

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 18 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 18 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 15,546 £50,000 +5.26% 1,058
UK excluding London 0 9,797 £42,500 - 856
London -7 6,626 £60,000 +9.09% 302
South East +4 3,657 £45,000 +5.62% 233
North of England +8 1,663 £40,000 -5.88% 118
Midlands -1 1,317 £42,500 +6.25% 109
South West -1 1,229 £40,000 -2.44% 135
North West +10 1,077 £40,000 -5.88% 62
East of England 0 1,031 £47,500 +5.56% 163
West Midlands -2 853 £42,500 +5.75% 69
Scotland +2 666 £38,500 -3.75% 69
East Midlands +8 460 £42,500 +6.25% 40
Yorkshire -8 437 £40,000 -4.76% 33
Wales -5 195 £33,173 -17.07% 24
North East -2 149 £36,250 +3.57% 23
Northern Ireland -16 62 £37,500 -6.25% 7
Channel Islands +3 3 £30,000 -57.14%

For the 6 months to 18 June 2019, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 6,101 (36.26%) Computer Science
2 5,699 (33.87%) Agile Software Development
3 3,836 (22.80%) Finance
4 3,696 (21.96%) SQL
5 3,468 (20.61%) Computer Science Degree
6 3,407 (20.25%) C#
7 3,244 (19.28%) Software Engineering
8 3,176 (18.87%) Java
9 2,877 (17.10%) Microsoft
10 2,801 (16.65%) JavaScript
11 2,790 (16.58%) Problem-Solving
12 2,719 (16.16%) Analytical Skills
13 2,702 (16.06%) .NET
14 2,579 (15.33%) Python
15 2,457 (14.60%) Mathematics
16 2,123 (12.62%) Linux
17 2,121 (12.60%) SQL Server
18 1,961 (11.65%) HTML
19 1,907 (11.33%) C++
20 1,895 (11.26%) Windows
20 1,895 (11.26%) Project Management
21 1,821 (10.82%) Microsoft Azure
22 1,665 (9.89%) Amazon AWS
23 1,560 (9.27%) Analytics
24 1,520 (9.03%) Scrum
25 1,502 (8.93%) CSS
26 1,413 (8.40%) C
27 1,410 (8.38%) Git (software)
28 1,390 (8.26%) Test Automation
29 1,362 (8.09%) ITIL

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 344 (2.04%) SharePoint
2 316 (1.88%) Apache Spark
3 312 (1.85%) Confluence
4 308 (1.83%) Elasticsearch
5 300 (1.78%) Apache
6 234 (1.39%) IIS
7 201 (1.19%) CMS
8 192 (1.14%) Tomcat
9 162 (0.96%) SAS
10 157 (0.93%) MS Exchange
11 82 (0.49%) nginx
12 81 (0.48%) Skype for Business
13 80 (0.48%) WebSphere
14 79 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
15 78 (0.46%) JBoss
16 77 (0.46%) WordPress
17 69 (0.41%) OpenStack
18 56 (0.33%) WebLogic
19 52 (0.31%) Exchange Server 2010
19 52 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 879 (5.22%) Microsoft Office
2 694 (4.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 344 (2.04%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 180 (1.07%) MS Visio
5 129 (0.77%) Microsoft Project
6 92 (0.55%) Sketch
7 76 (0.45%) Photoshop
8 75 (0.45%) InVision
9 70 (0.42%) Adobe Illustrator
10 44 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 38 (0.23%) SPSS
12 34 (0.20%) Simulink
13 32 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
14 26 (0.15%) Marvel
15 23 (0.14%) InDesign
16 18 (0.11%) OmniGraffle
17 17 (0.10%) SOLIDWORKS
18 15 (0.089%) Adobe XD
18 15 (0.089%) Fireworks
18 15 (0.089%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 138 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
2 90 (0.53%) thinkFolio
3 88 (0.52%) Temenos T24
4 55 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
5 49 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 46 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
7 45 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
8 42 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
9 39 (0.23%) SAP ERP
10 34 (0.20%) Magento
10 34 (0.20%) Remedy ITSM
11 30 (0.18%) Summit
12 29 (0.17%) NetSuite
12 29 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
13 27 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
14 23 (0.14%) Dynamics GP
14 23 (0.14%) SAP Business One
14 23 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
15 19 (0.11%) HFM
15 19 (0.11%) Hyperion Planning
Cloud Services
1 1,821 (10.82%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,665 (9.89%) Amazon AWS
3 545 (3.24%) Office 365
4 533 (3.17%) SaaS
5 415 (2.47%) Google Cloud Platform
6 338 (2.01%) Power Platform
7 248 (1.47%) Cloud Computing
8 197 (1.17%) GitHub
9 196 (1.16%) PaaS
10 175 (1.04%) Serverless
11 164 (0.97%) IaaS
12 121 (0.72%) Amazon S3
13 115 (0.68%) Google Analytics
14 106 (0.63%) Amazon EC2
15 93 (0.55%) Azure Active Directory
16 77 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
17 71 (0.42%) OneDrive
17 71 (0.42%) OpenShift
18 69 (0.41%) Dynamics 365
19 58 (0.34%) Azure Stack
Communications & Networking
1 695 (4.13%) Firewall
2 462 (2.75%) Internet
3 442 (2.63%) TCP/IP
4 368 (2.19%) WAN
5 367 (2.18%) DNS
6 340 (2.02%) LAN
7 274 (1.63%) VPN
8 257 (1.53%) Network Security
9 249 (1.48%) DHCP
10 232 (1.38%) Wireless
11 229 (1.36%) VoIP
12 206 (1.22%) Broadband
13 154 (0.92%) Skype
14 153 (0.91%) MPLS
15 129 (0.77%) HTTP
16 124 (0.74%) Wi-Fi
17 117 (0.70%) VLAN
18 112 (0.67%) SAN
19 105 (0.62%) BGP
20 94 (0.56%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,121 (12.60%) SQL Server
2 866 (5.15%) Big Data
3 572 (3.40%) Relational Database
4 455 (2.70%) MySQL
5 444 (2.64%) NoSQL
6 426 (2.53%) Data Warehouse
7 393 (2.34%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 375 (2.23%) PostgreSQL
9 347 (2.06%) Hadoop
10 331 (1.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 313 (1.86%) Power BI
12 256 (1.52%) MongoDB
13 163 (0.97%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 157 (0.93%) Data Mining
15 156 (0.93%) RDBMS
16 154 (0.92%) Blockchain
17 149 (0.89%) GIS
18 146 (0.87%) Redis
19 133 (0.79%) BusinessObjects
20 126 (0.75%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,410 (8.38%) Git (software)
2 911 (5.41%) JIRA
3 574 (3.41%) Jenkins
4 532 (3.16%) Visual Studio
5 394 (2.34%) Selenium
6 324 (1.93%) Team Foundation Server
7 255 (1.52%) Subversion
8 204 (1.21%) Cucumber
9 178 (1.06%) Maven
10 142 (0.84%) Bitbucket
10 142 (0.84%) TeamCity
11 141 (0.84%) Visual Studio Team System
12 129 (0.77%) JUnit
13 126 (0.75%) webpack
14 123 (0.73%) NUnit
15 122 (0.73%) SpecFlow
16 119 (0.71%) Eclipse
17 100 (0.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 85 (0.51%) Rational DOORS
18 85 (0.51%) SoapUI
General
1 3,836 (22.80%) Finance
2 1,135 (6.75%) Marketing
3 1,130 (6.72%) Banking
4 749 (4.45%) Telecoms
5 727 (4.32%) Retail
6 584 (3.47%) Electronics
7 540 (3.21%) Manufacturing
8 534 (3.17%) Games
9 391 (2.32%) Legal
10 298 (1.77%) Advertising
11 272 (1.62%) Front Office
12 207 (1.23%) Law
13 200 (1.19%) Aerospace
14 192 (1.14%) German Language
15 188 (1.12%) Investment Banking
16 174 (1.03%) Financial Institution
17 171 (1.02%) Back Office
17 171 (1.02%) Military
18 165 (0.98%) Pharmaceutical
19 162 (0.96%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 4,456 (26.48%) Developer
2 2,130 (12.66%) Analyst
3 1,490 (8.85%) Software Engineer
4 1,224 (7.27%) Graduate
5 1,040 (6.18%) Junior
6 1,001 (5.95%) Consultant
6 1,001 (5.95%) Software Developer
7 945 (5.62%) .NET Developer
8 898 (5.34%) Architect
9 840 (4.99%) C# Developer
10 816 (4.85%) Java Developer
11 741 (4.40%) Senior Developer
12 623 (3.70%) Business Analyst
13 604 (3.59%) Graduate Developer
14 598 (3.55%) Junior Developer
15 525 (3.12%) C# .NET Developer
16 460 (2.73%) Project Manager
17 367 (2.18%) Support Engineer
18 340 (2.02%) Support Analyst
19 317 (1.88%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,702 (16.06%) .NET
2 1,961 (11.65%) HTML
3 1,502 (8.93%) CSS
4 1,218 (7.24%) AngularJS
5 1,089 (6.47%) Web Services
6 926 (5.50%) ASP.NET
7 787 (4.68%) React
8 746 (4.43%) REST
9 696 (4.14%) Spring
10 664 (3.95%) XML
11 657 (3.90%) HTML5
12 627 (3.73%) RESTful
13 566 (3.36%) .NET Framework
14 551 (3.27%) Node.js
15 541 (3.22%) jQuery
16 414 (2.46%) JSON
17 347 (2.06%) SOAP
18 319 (1.90%) ASP.NET Web API
19 318 (1.89%) WCF
20 317 (1.88%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 2,719 (16.16%) Analytical Skills
2 1,089 (6.47%) Management Information System
3 975 (5.79%) Self-Motivation
4 905 (5.38%) User Experience
5 765 (4.55%) Algorithms
6 434 (2.58%) Mobile App
7 382 (2.27%) Data Centre
8 306 (1.82%) Data Structures
9 294 (1.75%) Greenfield Project
10 277 (1.65%) Enterprise Software
11 273 (1.62%) Virtual Team
12 256 (1.52%) Robotics
13 241 (1.43%) Derivative
14 234 (1.39%) Public Cloud
15 220 (1.31%) Driving Licence
15 220 (1.31%) Social Media
16 202 (1.20%) Fixed Income
17 197 (1.17%) Embedded Systems
17 197 (1.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 176 (1.05%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 2,123 (12.62%) Linux
2 1,895 (11.26%) Windows
3 585 (3.48%) Unix
4 508 (3.02%) Android
5 490 (2.91%) Windows Server
6 351 (2.09%) Apple iOS
7 250 (1.49%) Windows 10
8 177 (1.05%) Windows Server 2012
9 168 (1.00%) Windows 7
10 134 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 125 (0.74%) Ubuntu
12 116 (0.69%) CentOS
13 87 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
14 76 (0.45%) Mac OS
15 67 (0.40%) Mac OS X
16 47 (0.28%) FreeRTOS
17 46 (0.27%) Embedded Linux
18 44 (0.26%) Debian
19 28 (0.17%) Solaris
20 27 (0.16%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,101 (36.26%) Computer Science
2 5,699 (33.87%) Agile Software Development
3 3,244 (19.28%) Software Engineering
4 2,790 (16.58%) Problem-Solving
5 2,457 (14.60%) Mathematics
6 1,895 (11.26%) Project Management
7 1,560 (9.27%) Analytics
8 1,520 (9.03%) Scrum
9 1,390 (8.26%) Test Automation
10 1,362 (8.09%) ITIL
11 1,278 (7.59%) DevOps
12 1,214 (7.21%) SDLC
13 1,200 (7.13%) OO
14 1,072 (6.37%) Mentoring
15 1,041 (6.19%) MVC
16 1,037 (6.16%) Continuous Integration
17 982 (5.84%) Machine Learning
18 978 (5.81%) Continuous Improvement
19 968 (5.75%) Cybersecurity
20 926 (5.50%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 3,696 (21.96%) SQL
2 3,407 (20.25%) C#
3 3,176 (18.87%) Java
4 2,801 (16.65%) JavaScript
5 2,579 (15.33%) Python
6 1,907 (11.33%) C++
7 1,413 (8.40%) C
8 564 (3.35%) PowerShell
9 523 (3.11%) PHP
10 509 (3.02%) R
11 500 (2.97%) T-SQL
12 426 (2.53%) Bash Shell
13 378 (2.25%) Scala
14 375 (2.23%) Ruby
15 293 (1.74%) TypeScript
16 235 (1.40%) MATLAB
16 235 (1.40%) Perl
17 205 (1.22%) VBA
18 188 (1.12%) Java 8
19 185 (1.10%) VB
Qualifications
1 3,468 (20.61%) Computer Science Degree
2 996 (5.92%) Security Cleared
3 606 (3.60%) SC Cleared
4 554 (3.29%) Numerate Degree
5 538 (3.20%) Master's Degree
6 475 (2.82%) Microsoft Certification
7 469 (2.79%) CISSP
8 450 (2.67%) Cisco Certification
9 360 (2.14%) PhD
10 302 (1.79%) CISM
11 291 (1.73%) DV Cleared
12 277 (1.65%) ISTQB
13 276 (1.64%) HND
14 262 (1.56%) CCNA
15 234 (1.39%) PMI Certification
16 233 (1.38%) CISA
17 216 (1.28%) ISEB
18 206 (1.22%) MCSE
19 204 (1.21%) CCNP
20 170 (1.01%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,165 (6.92%) QA
2 351 (2.09%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 322 (1.91%) SLA
4 320 (1.90%) GDPR
5 187 (1.11%) Data Quality
6 174 (1.03%) PMO
7 128 (0.76%) NIST
8 115 (0.68%) PCI DSS
9 90 (0.53%) COBIT
10 80 (0.48%) ISO 9001
11 63 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 50 (0.30%) MiFID
13 48 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 44 (0.26%) NCSC
15 39 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
16 38 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 34 (0.20%) ISO 22301
18 29 (0.17%) HMG Security Policy Framework
19 27 (0.16%) ISAE 3402
20 26 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 839 (4.99%) Active Directory
2 814 (4.84%) Docker
3 432 (2.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 242 (1.44%) Hyper-V
5 238 (1.41%) Firmware
6 107 (0.64%) Virtual Machines
7 67 (0.40%) XenApp
8 58 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
9 48 (0.29%) XenDesktop
10 47 (0.28%) Microsoft App-V
11 44 (0.26%) VirtualBox
12 37 (0.22%) iptables
12 37 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
13 34 (0.20%) Varnish
14 27 (0.16%) BitLocker
15 25 (0.15%) NFS
16 24 (0.14%) Samba
16 24 (0.14%) VMware Server
17 23 (0.14%) HDFS
17 23 (0.14%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 451 (2.68%) Kubernetes
2 327 (1.94%) Ansible
3 252 (1.50%) Puppet
4 233 (1.38%) Terraform
5 197 (1.17%) SCCM
6 180 (1.07%) Opscode Chef
7 80 (0.48%) SCOM
8 77 (0.46%) HP Quality Center
9 72 (0.43%) Nessus
10 56 (0.33%) Salt
11 55 (0.33%) Nagios
12 50 (0.30%) Packer
13 43 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
14 41 (0.24%) Prometheus
15 39 (0.23%) Consul
15 39 (0.23%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
16 37 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
17 34 (0.20%) QRadar
18 33 (0.20%) SELinux
18 33 (0.20%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 2,877 (17.10%) Microsoft
2 1,033 (6.14%) Oracle
3 650 (3.86%) VMware
4 591 (3.51%) Cisco
5 582 (3.46%) SAP
6 486 (2.89%) Google
7 333 (1.98%) Salesforce.com
8 302 (1.79%) Tableau
9 265 (1.57%) Adobe
10 238 (1.41%) Citrix
11 198 (1.18%) IBM
12 169 (1.00%) Atlassian
13 162 (0.96%) Splunk
14 157 (0.93%) HP
15 146 (0.87%) EMC
16 133 (0.79%) Red Hat
17 104 (0.62%) Dell
17 104 (0.62%) Palo Alto
18 103 (0.61%) CheckPoint
19 92 (0.55%) ServiceNow