Period
to 23 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 23 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
23 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 14 14 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 -1
Permanent jobs citing Degree 18,349 21,603 22,062
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.20% 12.26% 12.57%
As % of the Qualifications category 50.06% 51.22% 49.17%
Number of salaries quoted 13,176 16,654 17,549
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £25,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 36,657 42,180 44,870
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.36% 23.94% 25.56%
Number of salaries quoted 26,704 32,735 35,456
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 23 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 23 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 16,907 £50,000 +5.26% 4,032
UK excluding London 0 10,368 £42,500 - 3,067
London -6 7,499 £60,000 +9.09% 1,286
South East +3 3,766 £45,000 +5.88% 791
North of England +1 1,755 £44,735 +7.79% 598
Midlands +5 1,553 £40,000 +8.72% 479
East of England -5 1,236 £45,000 - 513
South West -1 1,079 £39,000 -2.50% 365
North West +2 1,033 £45,000 +5.88% 355
West Midlands 0 891 £40,500 +15.71% 321
Scotland +2 710 £41,000 +2.50% 190
East Midlands +10 663 £40,000 +6.67% 158
Yorkshire +9 576 £40,000 - 172
Wales -4 202 £36,206 +3.45% 100
North East -6 151 £42,500 - 71
Northern Ireland -10 108 £34,250 -14.38% 32
Channel Islands -4 3 £32,500 -

For the 6 months to 23 February 2019, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 6,984 (38.06%) Computer Science
2 6,061 (33.03%) Agile Software Development
3 4,611 (25.13%) Finance
4 4,203 (22.91%) SQL
5 4,059 (22.12%) Computer Science Degree
6 3,869 (21.09%) Java
7 3,608 (19.66%) Software Engineering
8 3,392 (18.49%) C#
9 3,084 (16.81%) JavaScript
10 3,028 (16.50%) Microsoft
11 2,949 (16.07%) Problem-Solving
12 2,744 (14.95%) Python
13 2,688 (14.65%) Analytical Skills
14 2,594 (14.14%) Mathematics
15 2,588 (14.10%) .NET
16 2,425 (13.22%) Linux
17 2,281 (12.43%) SQL Server
18 2,231 (12.16%) HTML
19 2,107 (11.48%) Windows
20 2,077 (11.32%) Analytics
21 1,964 (10.70%) C++
22 1,956 (10.66%) Project Management
23 1,927 (10.50%) Microsoft Azure
24 1,798 (9.80%) Amazon AWS
25 1,746 (9.52%) Scrum
26 1,744 (9.50%) CSS
27 1,605 (8.75%) Test Automation
28 1,458 (7.95%) C
29 1,399 (7.62%) Git (software)
30 1,358 (7.40%) QA

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 476 (2.59%) Apache
2 378 (2.06%) Apache Spark
3 330 (1.80%) SharePoint
4 288 (1.57%) IIS
5 278 (1.52%) Confluence
6 268 (1.46%) Elasticsearch
7 260 (1.42%) CMS
8 236 (1.29%) SAS
9 227 (1.24%) MS Exchange
10 221 (1.20%) Tomcat
11 133 (0.72%) WebSphere
12 106 (0.58%) JBoss
13 98 (0.53%) nginx
14 94 (0.51%) WebLogic
15 93 (0.51%) BizTalk Server
16 87 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2010
16 87 (0.47%) WordPress
17 78 (0.43%) OpenStack
18 63 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 55 (0.30%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 761 (4.15%) Microsoft Office
2 736 (4.01%) Microsoft Excel
3 323 (1.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 200 (1.09%) MS Visio
5 150 (0.82%) Microsoft Project
6 130 (0.71%) Photoshop
7 107 (0.58%) Adobe Illustrator
8 70 (0.38%) InVision
9 66 (0.36%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 53 (0.29%) SPSS
11 33 (0.18%) Simulink
12 27 (0.15%) AutoCAD
13 26 (0.14%) OmniGraffle
14 25 (0.14%) InDesign
15 24 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
16 23 (0.13%) SOLIDWORKS
17 16 (0.087%) Stata
18 13 (0.071%) Flinto
19 11 (0.060%) Fireworks
20 9 (0.049%) Weka
Business Applications
1 179 (0.98%) Dynamics CRM
2 158 (0.86%) thinkFolio
3 137 (0.75%) Temenos T24
4 58 (0.32%) SAP S/4HANA
5 54 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
6 52 (0.28%) Magento
7 46 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
8 39 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
9 36 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 34 (0.19%) SAP ERP
11 29 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
12 27 (0.15%) NetSuite
12 27 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
13 24 (0.13%) SAP BPC
14 20 (0.11%) HFM
14 20 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
15 19 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
16 18 (0.098%) Oracle Applications
16 18 (0.098%) Oracle EBS R12
16 18 (0.098%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 1,927 (10.50%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,798 (9.80%) Amazon AWS
3 578 (3.15%) SaaS
4 505 (2.75%) Office 365
5 375 (2.04%) Google Cloud Platform
6 305 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
7 294 (1.60%) GitHub
8 271 (1.48%) PaaS
9 189 (1.03%) IaaS
10 140 (0.76%) Serverless
11 119 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
12 115 (0.63%) Google Analytics
13 87 (0.47%) Amazon S3
14 85 (0.46%) npm
15 78 (0.43%) AWS CloudFormation
16 66 (0.36%) Azure Active Directory
17 64 (0.35%) Amazon EMR
18 59 (0.32%) Dynamics 365
19 51 (0.28%) OpenShift
20 45 (0.25%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 684 (3.73%) Firewall
2 539 (2.94%) Internet
3 473 (2.58%) TCP/IP
4 312 (1.70%) DNS
5 299 (1.63%) WAN
6 289 (1.58%) LAN
7 240 (1.31%) VPN
8 234 (1.28%) Network Security
9 219 (1.19%) Wireless
10 210 (1.14%) DHCP
11 196 (1.07%) HTTP
12 152 (0.83%) VoIP
13 141 (0.77%) SAN
14 127 (0.69%) Wi-Fi
15 118 (0.64%) RS-485
16 107 (0.58%) VLAN
17 104 (0.57%) MPLS
17 104 (0.57%) Skype
18 98 (0.53%) Modbus
19 93 (0.51%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,281 (12.43%) SQL Server
2 1,036 (5.65%) Big Data
3 744 (4.05%) NoSQL
4 672 (3.66%) Relational Database
5 637 (3.47%) MySQL
6 443 (2.41%) PostgreSQL
7 438 (2.39%) Hadoop
8 414 (2.26%) Data Warehouse
9 381 (2.08%) Power BI
10 380 (2.07%) MongoDB
11 371 (2.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 334 (1.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 198 (1.08%) RDBMS
14 193 (1.05%) Oracle Database
15 168 (0.92%) Blockchain
16 167 (0.91%) SQL Server 2012
17 165 (0.90%) Apache Cassandra
18 159 (0.87%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 152 (0.83%) BusinessObjects
20 150 (0.82%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,399 (7.62%) Git (software)
2 849 (4.63%) JIRA
3 629 (3.43%) Jenkins
4 482 (2.63%) Visual Studio
5 457 (2.49%) Selenium
6 357 (1.95%) Team Foundation Server
7 295 (1.61%) Maven
7 295 (1.61%) Subversion
8 263 (1.43%) Cucumber
9 222 (1.21%) JUnit
10 180 (0.98%) TeamCity
11 177 (0.96%) NUnit
12 153 (0.83%) Eclipse
13 145 (0.79%) SpecFlow
14 130 (0.71%) Gradle
15 121 (0.66%) webpack
16 120 (0.65%) Bitbucket
17 102 (0.56%) Visual Studio Team System
18 97 (0.53%) JMeter
18 97 (0.53%) SoapUI
General
1 4,611 (25.13%) Finance
2 1,331 (7.25%) Banking
3 1,274 (6.94%) Marketing
4 906 (4.94%) Retail
5 869 (4.74%) Telecoms
6 651 (3.55%) Electronics
7 628 (3.42%) Manufacturing
8 621 (3.38%) Games
9 426 (2.32%) Legal
10 327 (1.78%) Investment Banking
11 317 (1.73%) Advertising
12 314 (1.71%) Front Office
13 297 (1.62%) Automotive
14 294 (1.60%) Law
15 239 (1.30%) German Language
16 222 (1.21%) French Language
17 219 (1.19%) Aerospace
18 210 (1.14%) Financial Institution
19 160 (0.87%) Back Office
20 150 (0.82%) Military
Job Titles
1 5,024 (27.38%) Developer
2 2,254 (12.28%) Analyst
3 1,520 (8.28%) Software Engineer
4 1,493 (8.14%) Graduate
5 1,223 (6.67%) Java Developer
6 1,073 (5.85%) Architect
7 1,065 (5.80%) Software Developer
8 1,059 (5.77%) Consultant
9 969 (5.28%) Junior
10 912 (4.97%) .NET Developer
11 878 (4.79%) C# Developer
12 806 (4.39%) Graduate Developer
13 784 (4.27%) Senior Developer
14 737 (4.02%) Business Analyst
15 586 (3.19%) Project Manager
16 564 (3.07%) Junior Developer
17 472 (2.57%) C# .NET Developer
18 392 (2.14%) Support Engineer
19 345 (1.88%) Solutions Architect
20 334 (1.82%) Embedded Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,588 (14.10%) .NET
2 2,231 (12.16%) HTML
3 1,744 (9.50%) CSS
4 1,337 (7.29%) AngularJS
5 1,255 (6.84%) Web Services
6 917 (5.00%) ASP.NET
7 867 (4.73%) Spring
8 798 (4.35%) HTML5
9 759 (4.14%) React
10 730 (3.98%) RESTful
10 730 (3.98%) XML
11 708 (3.86%) REST
12 669 (3.65%) jQuery
13 662 (3.61%) Node.js
14 573 (3.12%) .NET Framework
15 452 (2.46%) JSON
16 441 (2.40%) ASP.NET Web API
17 351 (1.91%) WPF
18 350 (1.91%) WCF
19 345 (1.88%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 2,688 (14.65%) Analytical Skills
2 1,136 (6.19%) Management Information System
3 1,048 (5.71%) Self-Motivation
4 994 (5.42%) User Experience
5 682 (3.72%) Algorithms
6 643 (3.50%) Fintech
7 490 (2.67%) Mobile App
8 474 (2.58%) Data Centre
9 369 (2.01%) Derivative
10 368 (2.01%) Greenfield Project
11 319 (1.74%) Equities
12 311 (1.69%) Data Structures
12 311 (1.69%) Enterprise Software
13 310 (1.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 297 (1.62%) Fixed Income
15 284 (1.55%) Hedge funds
16 257 (1.40%) Public Cloud
17 234 (1.28%) Virtual Team
18 232 (1.26%) Embedded Systems
19 196 (1.07%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 2,425 (13.22%) Linux
2 2,107 (11.48%) Windows
3 687 (3.74%) Unix
4 554 (3.02%) Windows Server
5 545 (2.97%) Android
6 488 (2.66%) Apple iOS
7 201 (1.10%) Windows 10
8 192 (1.05%) Windows 7
9 180 (0.98%) Windows Server 2012
10 176 (0.96%) Windows Server 2008
11 153 (0.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 114 (0.62%) CentOS
13 100 (0.54%) Ubuntu
14 86 (0.47%) Mac OS X
15 84 (0.46%) FreeRTOS
16 67 (0.37%) Debian
17 60 (0.33%) Embedded Linux
18 52 (0.28%) Solaris
19 50 (0.27%) Windows Server 2003
20 46 (0.25%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,984 (38.06%) Computer Science
2 6,061 (33.03%) Agile Software Development
3 3,608 (19.66%) Software Engineering
4 2,949 (16.07%) Problem-Solving
5 2,594 (14.14%) Mathematics
6 2,077 (11.32%) Analytics
7 1,956 (10.66%) Project Management
8 1,746 (9.52%) Scrum
9 1,605 (8.75%) Test Automation
10 1,256 (6.85%) DevOps
11 1,251 (6.82%) TDD
12 1,231 (6.71%) Continuous Integration
13 1,230 (6.70%) ITIL
14 1,217 (6.63%) OO
15 1,180 (6.43%) SDLC
16 1,158 (6.31%) Mentoring
17 1,157 (6.31%) MVC
18 1,080 (5.89%) Business Intelligence
19 1,046 (5.70%) Continuous Improvement
20 1,040 (5.67%) Information Security
Programming Languages
1 4,203 (22.91%) SQL
2 3,869 (21.09%) Java
3 3,392 (18.49%) C#
4 3,084 (16.81%) JavaScript
5 2,744 (14.95%) Python
6 1,964 (10.70%) C++
7 1,458 (7.95%) C
8 626 (3.41%) PHP
9 600 (3.27%) PowerShell
10 546 (2.98%) R
11 477 (2.60%) T-SQL
12 472 (2.57%) Ruby
13 463 (2.52%) Bash Shell
14 338 (1.84%) Perl
15 324 (1.77%) Scala
16 288 (1.57%) Java 8
17 257 (1.40%) TypeScript
18 242 (1.32%) Shell Script
19 241 (1.31%) MATLAB
20 208 (1.13%) Go
Qualifications
1 4,059 (22.12%) Computer Science Degree
2 762 (4.15%) Security Cleared
3 648 (3.53%) Master's Degree
4 571 (3.11%) Numerate Degree
5 503 (2.74%) CISSP
6 475 (2.59%) Microsoft Certification
7 456 (2.49%) Cisco Certification
8 450 (2.45%) SC Cleared
9 415 (2.26%) PhD
10 269 (1.47%) PMI Certification
11 250 (1.36%) MCSE
12 243 (1.32%) DV Cleared
13 242 (1.32%) CISM
14 234 (1.28%) ISEB
15 224 (1.22%) ISTQB
16 217 (1.18%) CCNA
17 211 (1.15%) HND
18 199 (1.08%) PMP
19 184 (1.00%) CISA
19 184 (1.00%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,358 (7.40%) QA
2 402 (2.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 367 (2.00%) GDPR
4 289 (1.58%) SLA
5 224 (1.22%) Data Quality
6 180 (0.98%) PMO
7 117 (0.64%) PCI DSS
8 85 (0.46%) COBIT
9 80 (0.44%) MiFID
10 63 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 61 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 49 (0.27%) ISO 9001
13 44 (0.24%) Dodd-Frank
14 36 (0.20%) IFRS
15 32 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
16 28 (0.15%) EMIR
16 28 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 25 (0.14%) Solvency II
18 22 (0.12%) HL7
18 22 (0.12%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 930 (5.07%) Active Directory
2 794 (4.33%) Docker
3 470 (2.56%) VMware Infrastructure
4 288 (1.57%) Firmware
5 227 (1.24%) Hyper-V
6 98 (0.53%) VMware ESXi
7 75 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
8 65 (0.35%) vSphere
9 57 (0.31%) HDFS
9 57 (0.31%) XenApp
10 38 (0.21%) iptables
11 37 (0.20%) VirtualBox
12 32 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
13 30 (0.16%) XenDesktop
14 29 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
15 25 (0.14%) BitLocker
16 23 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
17 21 (0.11%) VMware NSX
18 20 (0.11%) Xen
19 18 (0.098%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 423 (2.31%) Kubernetes
2 354 (1.93%) Ansible
3 332 (1.81%) Puppet
4 223 (1.22%) Opscode Chef
5 164 (0.89%) Terraform
6 161 (0.88%) SCCM
7 72 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
8 62 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
9 58 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
10 57 (0.31%) Backup Exec
11 50 (0.27%) Nagios
12 49 (0.27%) SCOM
13 43 (0.23%) Packer
13 43 (0.23%) Salt
14 41 (0.22%) Nessus
15 39 (0.21%) Prometheus
16 38 (0.21%) WSUS
17 34 (0.19%) Consul
18 32 (0.17%) Microsoft Intune
19 31 (0.17%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 3,028 (16.50%) Microsoft
2 1,237 (6.74%) Oracle
3 712 (3.88%) SAP
4 691 (3.77%) VMware
5 566 (3.08%) Cisco
6 549 (2.99%) Google
7 460 (2.51%) Tableau
8 376 (2.05%) Salesforce.com
9 295 (1.61%) Adobe
10 219 (1.19%) IBM
11 208 (1.13%) HP
12 202 (1.10%) Citrix
13 189 (1.03%) Red Hat
14 160 (0.87%) CheckPoint
15 159 (0.87%) EMC
16 151 (0.82%) Splunk
17 138 (0.75%) NetApp
18 115 (0.63%) Atlassian
19 109 (0.59%) Charles River
20 108 (0.59%) F5