Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 14 14
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Degree 19,143 22,493 23,487
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.96% 12.60% 12.70%
As % of the Qualifications category 50.33% 52.45% 48.49%
Number of salaries quoted 13,878 16,995 19,004
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £25,500 £25,750 £25,500
90th Percentile £82,150 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,900 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.91% +2.25% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 38,035 42,884 48,437
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.76% 24.02% 26.20%
Number of salaries quoted 27,994 32,977 38,701
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 17,710 £50,000 +5.26% 3,841
UK excluding London 0 10,645 £42,500 +3.91% 2,869
London -4 8,032 £60,000 +9.09% 1,252
South East 0 3,830 £45,000 +5.88% 770
North of England -6 1,862 £42,500 +3.66% 502
Midlands +3 1,546 £40,000 +14.29% 465
East of England -5 1,330 £42,500 -5.56% 515
North West -1 1,132 £44,000 +3.53% 286
South West -2 1,100 £40,000 - 342
West Midlands +3 913 £40,000 +14.29% 282
Scotland +4 736 £42,500 +6.25% 168
East Midlands +4 626 £40,500 +15.71% 182
Yorkshire +6 605 £40,000 +6.67% 157
Wales +1 219 £36,412 +7.09% 87
North East -15 129 £50,000 +17.65% 59
Northern Ireland -7 87 £32,500 -18.75% 26
Channel Islands -6 6 £31,250 -3.85%

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 7,119 (37.19%) Computer Science
2 6,232 (32.55%) Agile Software Development
3 5,192 (27.12%) Finance
4 4,641 (24.24%) SQL
5 4,164 (21.75%) Computer Science Degree
6 4,031 (21.06%) Java
7 3,537 (18.48%) C#
8 3,347 (17.48%) JavaScript
9 3,337 (17.43%) Software Engineering
10 3,322 (17.35%) Problem-Solving
11 3,191 (16.67%) Microsoft
12 2,941 (15.36%) Analytical Skills
13 2,770 (14.47%) Python
14 2,632 (13.75%) .NET
15 2,590 (13.53%) Mathematics
16 2,522 (13.17%) HTML
17 2,494 (13.03%) SQL Server
18 2,490 (13.01%) Linux
19 2,264 (11.83%) Windows
20 2,187 (11.42%) Analytics
21 2,100 (10.97%) Project Management
22 2,002 (10.46%) CSS
23 1,967 (10.28%) Microsoft Azure
24 1,895 (9.90%) C++
25 1,885 (9.85%) Amazon AWS
26 1,832 (9.57%) Scrum
27 1,614 (8.43%) Test Automation
28 1,501 (7.84%) Git (software)
29 1,468 (7.67%) DevOps
30 1,416 (7.40%) AngularJS

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 474 (2.48%) Apache
2 425 (2.22%) Apache Spark
3 355 (1.85%) SharePoint
4 334 (1.74%) CMS
5 302 (1.58%) IIS
6 273 (1.43%) SAS
7 240 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
7 240 (1.25%) MS Exchange
8 236 (1.23%) Confluence
9 227 (1.19%) Tomcat
10 130 (0.68%) WebSphere
11 128 (0.67%) JBoss
12 99 (0.52%) WebLogic
13 87 (0.45%) OpenStack
14 85 (0.44%) Exchange Server 2010
15 83 (0.43%) EPiServer
15 83 (0.43%) WordPress
16 77 (0.40%) nginx
17 70 (0.37%) BizTalk Server
18 65 (0.34%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 872 (4.56%) Microsoft Office
2 798 (4.17%) Microsoft Excel
3 350 (1.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 231 (1.21%) MS Visio
5 180 (0.94%) Microsoft Project
6 154 (0.80%) Photoshop
7 127 (0.66%) Adobe Illustrator
8 81 (0.42%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 76 (0.40%) SPSS
10 55 (0.29%) InVision
11 47 (0.25%) Simulink
12 46 (0.24%) OmniGraffle
13 27 (0.14%) AutoCAD
14 26 (0.14%) InDesign
15 23 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
16 18 (0.094%) SOLIDWORKS
17 12 (0.063%) Stata
18 10 (0.052%) Adobe After Effects
18 10 (0.052%) RoboHelp
19 9 (0.047%) Weka
Business Applications
1 197 (1.03%) Dynamics CRM
2 82 (0.43%) thinkFolio
3 54 (0.28%) Magento
4 47 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
5 44 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
6 42 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 39 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
8 36 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
9 35 (0.18%) Eloqua
10 34 (0.18%) Temenos T24
11 32 (0.17%) Relativity
12 31 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
13 30 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
13 30 (0.16%) SAP ERP
14 28 (0.15%) NetSuite
15 24 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
16 23 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
17 22 (0.11%) Cognos TM1
18 19 (0.099%) Ripple
18 19 (0.099%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 1,967 (10.28%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,885 (9.85%) Amazon AWS
3 573 (2.99%) SaaS
4 544 (2.84%) Office 365
5 328 (1.71%) Google Cloud Platform
6 320 (1.67%) Cloud Computing
7 314 (1.64%) PaaS
8 313 (1.64%) GitHub
9 232 (1.21%) IaaS
10 128 (0.67%) npm
11 121 (0.63%) Serverless
12 115 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
13 109 (0.57%) Google Analytics
14 85 (0.44%) AWS CloudFormation
15 66 (0.34%) Amazon S3
16 58 (0.30%) Dynamics 365
17 56 (0.29%) Amazon EMR
18 55 (0.29%) Azure Active Directory
19 48 (0.25%) OpenShift
20 46 (0.24%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 753 (3.93%) Firewall
2 529 (2.76%) TCP/IP
3 527 (2.75%) Internet
4 379 (1.98%) WAN
5 368 (1.92%) LAN
6 360 (1.88%) DNS
7 296 (1.55%) HTTP
8 268 (1.40%) VPN
9 257 (1.34%) Network Security
10 250 (1.31%) Wireless
11 219 (1.14%) DHCP
12 153 (0.80%) SAN
13 151 (0.79%) Wi-Fi
14 133 (0.69%) VoIP
15 117 (0.61%) MPLS
16 112 (0.59%) SNMP
16 112 (0.59%) SSL
17 111 (0.58%) BGP
17 111 (0.58%) OSPF
18 105 (0.55%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,494 (13.03%) SQL Server
2 1,179 (6.16%) Big Data
3 911 (4.76%) NoSQL
4 772 (4.03%) Relational Database
5 727 (3.80%) MySQL
6 536 (2.80%) Hadoop
7 510 (2.66%) MongoDB
8 474 (2.48%) Data Warehouse
9 406 (2.12%) Power BI
10 390 (2.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 388 (2.03%) PostgreSQL
11 388 (2.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 235 (1.23%) Blockchain
13 225 (1.18%) Oracle Database
14 218 (1.14%) SQL Server 2012
15 209 (1.09%) RDBMS
16 196 (1.02%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 186 (0.97%) Data Mining
18 171 (0.89%) Apache Hive
19 155 (0.81%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,501 (7.84%) Git (software)
2 821 (4.29%) JIRA
3 674 (3.52%) Jenkins
4 588 (3.07%) Visual Studio
5 521 (2.72%) Selenium
6 461 (2.41%) Team Foundation Server
7 409 (2.14%) Subversion
8 400 (2.09%) Maven
9 285 (1.49%) JUnit
10 253 (1.32%) Cucumber
11 252 (1.32%) TeamCity
12 180 (0.94%) NUnit
13 174 (0.91%) Eclipse
14 169 (0.88%) Gradle
15 154 (0.80%) Octopus Deploy
16 147 (0.77%) gulp
17 130 (0.68%) SpecFlow
18 124 (0.65%) Visual Studio Team System
18 124 (0.65%) webpack
19 117 (0.61%) WebDriver
General
1 5,192 (27.12%) Finance
2 1,400 (7.31%) Marketing
3 1,263 (6.60%) Banking
4 992 (5.18%) Retail
5 847 (4.42%) Telecoms
6 677 (3.54%) Electronics
7 637 (3.33%) Manufacturing
8 589 (3.08%) Games
9 458 (2.39%) Investment Banking
10 401 (2.09%) Legal
11 367 (1.92%) Law
12 359 (1.88%) Front Office
13 322 (1.68%) Advertising
14 318 (1.66%) Automotive
15 282 (1.47%) Financial Institution
16 247 (1.29%) French Language
17 213 (1.11%) German Language
18 170 (0.89%) Aerospace
19 152 (0.79%) Back Office
20 140 (0.73%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 5,245 (27.40%) Developer
2 2,496 (13.04%) Analyst
3 1,646 (8.60%) Graduate
4 1,402 (7.32%) Software Engineer
5 1,282 (6.70%) Java Developer
6 1,232 (6.44%) Consultant
7 1,068 (5.58%) Architect
8 1,012 (5.29%) Software Developer
9 980 (5.12%) Junior
10 923 (4.82%) .NET Developer
11 882 (4.61%) C# Developer
12 858 (4.48%) Graduate Developer
13 798 (4.17%) Senior Developer
14 741 (3.87%) Business Analyst
15 625 (3.26%) Project Manager
16 548 (2.86%) Junior Developer
17 460 (2.40%) C# .NET Developer
18 364 (1.90%) Support Engineer
19 341 (1.78%) Data Scientist
20 319 (1.67%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,632 (13.75%) .NET
2 2,522 (13.17%) HTML
3 2,002 (10.46%) CSS
4 1,416 (7.40%) AngularJS
5 1,409 (7.36%) Web Services
6 1,070 (5.59%) ASP.NET
7 923 (4.82%) HTML5
8 847 (4.42%) Spring
9 815 (4.26%) RESTful
10 792 (4.14%) jQuery
11 775 (4.05%) XML
12 773 (4.04%) React
13 679 (3.55%) Node.js
14 674 (3.52%) REST
15 563 (2.94%) .NET Framework
16 491 (2.56%) ASP.NET Web API
17 438 (2.29%) JSON
18 431 (2.25%) CSS3
19 403 (2.11%) ASP.NET MVC
20 390 (2.04%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 2,941 (15.36%) Analytical Skills
2 1,097 (5.73%) User Experience
3 1,069 (5.58%) Self-Motivation
4 1,037 (5.42%) Management Information System
5 748 (3.91%) Algorithms
6 704 (3.68%) Fintech
7 575 (3.00%) Data Centre
8 438 (2.29%) Mobile App
9 397 (2.07%) Data Structures
10 374 (1.95%) Enterprise Software
11 352 (1.84%) Greenfield Project
12 334 (1.74%) Hedge funds
13 331 (1.73%) Derivative
14 303 (1.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 298 (1.56%) Fixed Income
16 286 (1.49%) Equities
17 245 (1.28%) Public Cloud
18 226 (1.18%) Virtual Team
19 219 (1.14%) Embedded Systems
20 217 (1.13%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 2,490 (13.01%) Linux
2 2,264 (11.83%) Windows
3 761 (3.98%) Unix
4 640 (3.34%) Windows Server
5 450 (2.35%) Android
6 439 (2.29%) Apple iOS
7 229 (1.20%) Windows 10
8 227 (1.19%) Windows Server 2008
9 213 (1.11%) Windows 7
10 211 (1.10%) Windows Server 2012
11 175 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 130 (0.68%) CentOS
13 95 (0.50%) Mac OS X
14 81 (0.42%) Ubuntu
15 76 (0.40%) Embedded Linux
16 64 (0.33%) Debian
17 59 (0.31%) Solaris
18 56 (0.29%) Windows Server 2003
19 53 (0.28%) FreeRTOS
20 46 (0.24%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,119 (37.19%) Computer Science
2 6,232 (32.55%) Agile Software Development
3 3,337 (17.43%) Software Engineering
4 3,322 (17.35%) Problem-Solving
5 2,590 (13.53%) Mathematics
6 2,187 (11.42%) Analytics
7 2,100 (10.97%) Project Management
8 1,832 (9.57%) Scrum
9 1,614 (8.43%) Test Automation
10 1,468 (7.67%) DevOps
11 1,378 (7.20%) TDD
12 1,367 (7.14%) OO
13 1,339 (6.99%) SDLC
14 1,301 (6.80%) ITIL
15 1,273 (6.65%) Continuous Integration
16 1,259 (6.58%) MVC
17 1,244 (6.50%) Mentoring
18 1,186 (6.20%) Business Intelligence
19 1,083 (5.66%) Continuous Improvement
20 1,044 (5.45%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 4,641 (24.24%) SQL
2 4,031 (21.06%) Java
3 3,537 (18.48%) C#
4 3,347 (17.48%) JavaScript
5 2,770 (14.47%) Python
6 1,895 (9.90%) C++
7 1,339 (6.99%) C
8 663 (3.46%) PHP
9 620 (3.24%) PowerShell
10 582 (3.04%) R
11 540 (2.82%) T-SQL
12 500 (2.61%) Ruby
13 435 (2.27%) Bash Shell
14 409 (2.14%) Perl
15 347 (1.81%) Scala
16 335 (1.75%) Java 8
17 285 (1.49%) Shell Script
18 244 (1.27%) TypeScript
19 211 (1.10%) Go
20 197 (1.03%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 4,164 (21.75%) Computer Science Degree
2 770 (4.02%) Master's Degree
3 694 (3.63%) Security Cleared
4 616 (3.22%) Numerate Degree
5 552 (2.88%) CISSP
6 511 (2.67%) Cisco Certification
7 497 (2.60%) Microsoft Certification
8 440 (2.30%) PhD
9 323 (1.69%) SC Cleared
10 317 (1.66%) PMI Certification
11 286 (1.49%) MCSE
12 252 (1.32%) ISEB
13 250 (1.31%) ISTQB
14 237 (1.24%) CCNA
15 234 (1.22%) CISM
16 230 (1.20%) PMP
17 215 (1.12%) DV Cleared
18 188 (0.98%) CCNP
19 168 (0.88%) MBA
20 165 (0.86%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,281 (6.69%) QA
2 500 (2.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 347 (1.81%) GDPR
4 324 (1.69%) SLA
5 214 (1.12%) PMO
6 199 (1.04%) Data Quality
7 130 (0.68%) PCI DSS
8 83 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 63 (0.33%) COBIT
10 61 (0.32%) Cyber Essentials
11 56 (0.29%) MiFID
11 56 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 41 (0.21%) IFRS
13 39 (0.20%) ISO 26262
14 34 (0.18%) ISO 9001
15 32 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
16 28 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 25 (0.13%) Solvency II
18 21 (0.11%) IFRS 9
19 19 (0.099%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 953 (4.98%) Active Directory
2 809 (4.23%) Docker
3 501 (2.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 248 (1.30%) Hyper-V
5 240 (1.25%) Firmware
6 112 (0.59%) VMware ESXi
7 81 (0.42%) vSphere
8 73 (0.38%) XenApp
9 72 (0.38%) HDFS
10 68 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
11 47 (0.25%) XenDesktop
12 32 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
12 32 (0.17%) VirtualBox
13 30 (0.16%) iptables
14 24 (0.13%) BitLocker
15 22 (0.11%) GridGain
15 22 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
15 22 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
16 21 (0.11%) Ceph
17 20 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 437 (2.28%) Kubernetes
2 383 (2.00%) Ansible
3 374 (1.95%) Puppet
4 243 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
5 160 (0.84%) Terraform
6 154 (0.80%) SCCM
7 62 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
8 58 (0.30%) Packer
9 54 (0.28%) Nagios
10 47 (0.25%) Microsoft Intune
11 45 (0.24%) SCOM
12 44 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
13 41 (0.21%) Salt
14 39 (0.20%) Backup Exec
15 38 (0.20%) WSUS
16 35 (0.18%) Consul
16 35 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
17 34 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
17 34 (0.18%) vCenter Server
18 33 (0.17%) Kibana
Vendors
1 3,191 (16.67%) Microsoft
2 1,328 (6.94%) Oracle
3 746 (3.90%) VMware
4 733 (3.83%) SAP
5 605 (3.16%) Google
6 574 (3.00%) Cisco
7 474 (2.48%) Tableau
8 440 (2.30%) Salesforce.com
9 290 (1.51%) Adobe
10 242 (1.26%) Red Hat
11 240 (1.25%) Citrix
12 215 (1.12%) IBM
13 172 (0.90%) HP
14 169 (0.88%) Splunk
15 160 (0.84%) CheckPoint
16 146 (0.76%) NetApp
17 145 (0.76%) EMC
18 139 (0.73%) F5
19 105 (0.55%) Atlassian
20 99 (0.52%) Xamarin