Period
to 31 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 31 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
31 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 20 16 14
Rank change year-on-year -4 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing Degree 4,685 15,300 19,885
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.42% 11.19% 12.11%
As % of the Qualifications category 44.52% 48.96% 51.04%
Number of salaries quoted 4,027 11,450 14,848
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,000 £26,250 £25,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,305
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% +6.25%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 10,524 31,249 38,957
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.16% 22.86% 23.73%
Number of salaries quoted 7,905 22,988 28,809
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,000 £26,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 31 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 4,389 £55,000 +10.00% 1,510
UK excluding London -6 2,595 £50,000 +11.11% 1,124
London -3 1,934 £65,000 +8.33% 522
South East -6 909 £50,000 +11.11% 271
North of England -2 577 £50,000 +25.00% 193
Work from Home +10 410 £55,000 +15.79% 257
Midlands -6 351 £48,500 +7.78% 160
South West -5 348 £45,000 - 170
Yorkshire +20 266 £50,000 +33.33% 58
West Midlands -5 262 £48,500 +7.78% 103
North West -15 261 £50,000 +25.00% 97
East of England -6 228 £50,000 +11.11% 193
Scotland -16 121 £47,500 +18.75% 86
East Midlands -12 89 £40,000 -15.79% 56
Wales -7 56 £42,500 +6.25% 38
North East -7 50 £45,000 -3.23% 38
Northern Ireland +1 19 £40,000 -11.11% 15
Isle of Man - 6 £52,500 -

For the 6 months to 31 October 2020, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,793 (38.27%) Computer Science
2 1,348 (28.77%) Agile Software Development
3 1,223 (26.10%) SQL
4 1,106 (23.61%) Finance
5 1,087 (23.20%) Computer Science Degree
6 959 (20.47%) Software Engineering
7 943 (20.13%) Python
8 942 (20.11%) JavaScript
9 853 (18.21%) Java
10 840 (17.93%) C#
11 812 (17.33%) Microsoft
12 751 (16.03%) Azure
13 746 (15.92%) Analytical Skills
14 725 (15.47%) Problem-Solving
15 709 (15.13%) .NET
16 702 (14.98%) Mathematics
17 649 (13.85%) AWS
18 584 (12.47%) HTML
19 581 (12.40%) DevOps
20 549 (11.72%) SQL Server
21 535 (11.42%) CSS
22 530 (11.31%) Linux
23 528 (11.27%) Scrum
24 524 (11.18%) Project Management
25 488 (10.42%) Windows
25 488 (10.42%) Git (software)
26 473 (10.10%) Analytics
27 429 (9.16%) C++
28 410 (8.75%) Test Automation
29 409 (8.73%) Management Information System

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (2.82%) Apache Spark
2 107 (2.28%) SharePoint
3 106 (2.26%) Confluence
4 57 (1.22%) IIS
5 53 (1.13%) Apache
6 49 (1.05%) CMS
6 49 (1.05%) Elasticsearch
7 33 (0.70%) MS Exchange
8 28 (0.60%) SAS
9 27 (0.58%) Skype for Business
10 20 (0.43%) nginx
11 14 (0.30%) WebSphere
12 13 (0.28%) Tomcat
13 12 (0.26%) Jupyter
14 11 (0.23%) WebLogic
15 10 (0.21%) Apache Airflow
15 10 (0.21%) Luigi
15 10 (0.21%) WordPress
16 9 (0.19%) BizTalk Server
16 9 (0.19%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 221 (4.72%) Microsoft Office
2 188 (4.01%) Microsoft Excel
3 66 (1.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 42 (0.90%) MS Visio
5 31 (0.66%) Microsoft Project
6 22 (0.47%) Sketch
7 20 (0.43%) Figma
8 19 (0.41%) InVision
9 12 (0.26%) Simulink
10 11 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
10 11 (0.23%) SPSS
11 10 (0.21%) 3ds Max
11 10 (0.21%) AutoCAD
12 9 (0.19%) Stata
13 8 (0.17%) Chatbot
13 8 (0.17%) Maya
13 8 (0.17%) Revit
13 8 (0.17%) SketchUp
14 7 (0.15%) ArchiCAD
14 7 (0.15%) MicroStation
Business Applications
1 72 (1.54%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.43%) NetSuite
3 17 (0.36%) Magento
3 17 (0.36%) Remedy ITSM
4 16 (0.34%) Shopify
5 14 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
5 14 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
6 12 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
7 10 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
8 8 (0.17%) Endur
8 8 (0.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 7 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
9 7 (0.15%) Oracle Internet Expenses
9 7 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
9 7 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
10 6 (0.13%) Maximo
11 5 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
11 5 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
11 5 (0.11%) Relativity
12 4 (0.085%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 751 (16.03%) Azure
2 649 (13.85%) AWS
3 227 (4.85%) SaaS
4 200 (4.27%) GCP
5 194 (4.14%) Power Platform
6 165 (3.52%) Office 365
7 101 (2.16%) PaaS
8 94 (2.01%) IaaS
9 88 (1.88%) Dynamics 365
10 75 (1.60%) Cloud Computing
11 63 (1.34%) Serverless
12 49 (1.05%) GitHub
13 47 (1.00%) AWS CloudFormation
14 46 (0.98%) AWS Lambda
15 35 (0.75%) Azure Active Directory
16 29 (0.62%) Amazon EC2
17 22 (0.47%) Google Analytics
17 22 (0.47%) PowerApps
18 19 (0.41%) Slack
19 18 (0.38%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 166 (3.54%) Firewall
2 97 (2.07%) Internet
3 93 (1.99%) TCP/IP
4 73 (1.56%) DNS
4 73 (1.56%) Network Security
5 67 (1.43%) LAN
6 65 (1.39%) WAN
7 64 (1.37%) VPN
7 64 (1.37%) Wireless
8 51 (1.09%) SAN
9 45 (0.96%) HTTP
10 41 (0.88%) Skype
11 37 (0.79%) SSL
12 34 (0.73%) DHCP
13 33 (0.70%) VoIP
14 30 (0.64%) 5G
15 29 (0.62%) 4G
16 25 (0.53%) Intrusion Detection
17 20 (0.43%) Radio Access Network
18 19 (0.41%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 549 (11.72%) SQL Server
2 308 (6.57%) Big Data
3 290 (6.19%) NoSQL
4 246 (5.25%) Relational Database
5 150 (3.20%) Hadoop
6 149 (3.18%) Power BI
7 137 (2.92%) MongoDB
8 132 (2.82%) PostgreSQL
9 126 (2.69%) MySQL
10 123 (2.63%) Tableau
11 118 (2.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 118 (2.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 117 (2.50%) Data Warehouse
13 71 (1.52%) Data Lake
14 52 (1.11%) Apache Cassandra
15 50 (1.07%) Apache Hive
15 50 (1.07%) QlikView
16 49 (1.05%) Data Mining
17 41 (0.88%) RDBMS
18 37 (0.79%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 488 (10.42%) Git (software)
2 215 (4.59%) JIRA
3 152 (3.24%) Jenkins
4 137 (2.92%) Selenium
5 125 (2.67%) Visual Studio
6 95 (2.03%) Subversion
7 70 (1.49%) Team Foundation Server
8 49 (1.05%) Mercurial
9 46 (0.98%) Maven
10 44 (0.94%) JUnit
11 36 (0.77%) GitLab
12 29 (0.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 29 (0.62%) Eclipse
13 28 (0.60%) SpecFlow
13 28 (0.60%) TeamCity
14 25 (0.53%) Bitbucket
14 25 (0.53%) SoapUI
15 19 (0.41%) Cucumber
15 19 (0.41%) webpack
16 18 (0.38%) NUnit
General
1 1,106 (23.61%) Finance
2 254 (5.42%) Marketing
3 217 (4.63%) Banking
4 202 (4.31%) Telecoms
5 189 (4.03%) Manufacturing
6 185 (3.95%) Electronics
7 157 (3.35%) Public Sector
8 127 (2.71%) Retail
9 123 (2.63%) Legal
10 114 (2.43%) Law
11 90 (1.92%) Front Office
12 77 (1.64%) Advertising
13 71 (1.52%) Games
14 62 (1.32%) Aerospace
15 41 (0.88%) Back Office
16 36 (0.77%) Private Banking
17 35 (0.75%) French Language
18 34 (0.73%) Automotive
18 34 (0.73%) Billing
19 33 (0.70%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,183 (25.25%) Developer
2 484 (10.33%) Software Engineer
3 459 (9.80%) Analyst
4 256 (5.46%) Architect
5 244 (5.21%) Consultant
6 208 (4.44%) Junior
7 206 (4.40%) .NET Developer
8 201 (4.29%) Senior Developer
9 199 (4.25%) Software Developer
10 195 (4.16%) Java Developer
11 190 (4.06%) Graduate
12 189 (4.03%) C# Developer
13 122 (2.60%) DevOps Engineer
14 121 (2.58%) Business Analyst
15 109 (2.33%) C# .NET Developer
15 109 (2.33%) Junior Developer
16 107 (2.28%) Java Engineer
17 103 (2.20%) Data Engineer
18 98 (2.09%) Senior Software Engineer
19 95 (2.03%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 709 (15.13%) .NET
2 584 (12.47%) HTML
3 535 (11.42%) CSS
4 355 (7.58%) React
5 320 (6.83%) AngularJS
6 309 (6.60%) Node.js
7 267 (5.70%) REST
8 218 (4.65%) .NET Core
9 204 (4.35%) Web Services
10 203 (4.33%) .NET Framework
11 202 (4.31%) ASP.NET
12 165 (3.52%) Vue.js
13 163 (3.48%) XML
14 141 (3.01%) HTML5
15 134 (2.86%) JSON
16 128 (2.73%) RESTful
17 125 (2.67%) jQuery
17 125 (2.67%) Spring
18 102 (2.18%) Kafka
19 90 (1.92%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 746 (15.92%) Analytical Skills
2 409 (8.73%) Management Information System
3 297 (6.34%) Algorithms
4 242 (5.17%) Self-Motivation
5 200 (4.27%) User Experience
6 147 (3.14%) Data Structures
7 133 (2.84%) Mobile App
8 108 (2.31%) Hedge funds
9 103 (2.20%) Public Cloud
10 102 (2.18%) Enterprise Software
11 94 (2.01%) Data Centre
12 90 (1.92%) Greenfield Project
13 72 (1.54%) Virtual Team
14 66 (1.41%) Analytical Mindset
15 55 (1.17%) Equities
15 55 (1.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 53 (1.13%) Fixed Income
17 48 (1.02%) Derivative
18 43 (0.92%) Cloud Native
19 40 (0.85%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 530 (11.31%) Linux
2 488 (10.42%) Windows
3 134 (2.86%) Unix
4 115 (2.45%) Windows Server
5 105 (2.24%) Android
6 85 (1.81%) Apple iOS
7 55 (1.17%) Windows 10
8 44 (0.94%) Windows Server 2012
8 44 (0.94%) Windows Server 2016
9 26 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 26 (0.55%) Windows 7
10 25 (0.53%) CentOS
11 18 (0.38%) Mac OS
12 17 (0.36%) VMS
13 14 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
13 14 (0.30%) Windows Server 2019
14 9 (0.19%) Debian
14 9 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
14 9 (0.19%) Robot Operating System
14 9 (0.19%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,793 (38.27%) Computer Science
2 1,348 (28.77%) Agile Software Development
3 959 (20.47%) Software Engineering
4 725 (15.47%) Problem-Solving
5 702 (14.98%) Mathematics
6 581 (12.40%) DevOps
7 528 (11.27%) Scrum
8 524 (11.18%) Project Management
9 473 (10.10%) Analytics
10 410 (8.75%) Test Automation
11 392 (8.37%) OO
12 379 (8.09%) Microservices
13 359 (7.66%) Business Intelligence
14 333 (7.11%) Mentoring
15 330 (7.04%) ITIL
15 330 (7.04%) TDD
16 292 (6.23%) Cybersecurity
16 292 (6.23%) Machine Learning
17 268 (5.72%) Fintech
18 266 (5.68%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 1,223 (26.10%) SQL
2 943 (20.13%) Python
3 942 (20.11%) JavaScript
4 853 (18.21%) Java
5 840 (17.93%) C#
6 429 (9.16%) C++
7 314 (6.70%) C
8 137 (2.92%) PowerShell
9 136 (2.90%) R
10 105 (2.24%) Bash Shell
11 104 (2.22%) PHP
12 101 (2.16%) TypeScript
13 100 (2.13%) T-SQL
14 96 (2.05%) Scala
15 86 (1.84%) Perl
16 67 (1.43%) Go
17 63 (1.34%) Shell Script
18 58 (1.24%) MATLAB
19 56 (1.20%) Java 8
20 55 (1.17%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 1,087 (23.20%) Computer Science Degree
2 292 (6.23%) Security Cleared
3 265 (5.66%) Master's Degree
4 184 (3.93%) CISSP
5 169 (3.61%) Cisco Certification
6 148 (3.16%) Numerate Degree
7 142 (3.03%) Microsoft Certification
8 137 (2.92%) SC Cleared
9 133 (2.84%) CISM
10 126 (2.69%) PhD
11 102 (2.18%) CCNA
12 95 (2.03%) DV Cleared
13 72 (1.54%) CISA
14 61 (1.30%) MCSE
15 54 (1.15%) ITIL Certification
16 48 (1.02%) HNC
17 42 (0.90%) HND
18 41 (0.88%) ISTQB
18 41 (0.88%) PMI Certification
18 41 (0.88%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 242 (5.17%) QA
2 117 (2.50%) SLA
3 97 (2.07%) GDPR
4 93 (1.99%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 93 (1.99%) NIST
5 66 (1.41%) Data Quality
6 34 (0.73%) PCI DSS
7 30 (0.64%) Cyber Essentials
7 30 (0.64%) PMO
8 20 (0.43%) COBIT
9 19 (0.41%) ISO 9001
10 18 (0.38%) ISO 13485
10 18 (0.38%) ISO 22301
10 18 (0.38%) ISO 26262
11 17 (0.36%) MiFID
12 13 (0.28%) EMIR
13 9 (0.19%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 9 (0.19%) Dodd-Frank
13 9 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 9 (0.19%) Solvency II
System Software
1 368 (7.85%) Docker
2 203 (4.33%) Active Directory
3 119 (2.54%) VMware Infrastructure
4 71 (1.52%) Firmware
5 59 (1.26%) Hyper-V
6 19 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
7 18 (0.38%) HDFS
8 17 (0.36%) Terminal Server
9 11 (0.23%) KVM
9 11 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
9 11 (0.23%) vSphere
10 10 (0.21%) VMware NSX
10 10 (0.21%) Xen
11 8 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
12 7 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 7 (0.15%) BitLocker
13 6 (0.13%) RHEV
13 6 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
14 5 (0.11%) VMware Workstation
15 4 (0.085%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 280 (5.98%) Kubernetes
2 145 (3.09%) Ansible
3 131 (2.80%) Terraform
4 71 (1.52%) Puppet
5 59 (1.26%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (0.90%) Microsoft Intune
6 42 (0.90%) SCCM
7 21 (0.45%) Grafana
8 20 (0.43%) Kibana
9 16 (0.34%) HP UCMDB
9 16 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
10 15 (0.32%) Prometheus
11 13 (0.28%) QRadar
12 12 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
13 10 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
14 9 (0.19%) Microsoft Clustering
14 9 (0.19%) Nagios
15 8 (0.17%) HP Data Protector
15 8 (0.17%) Istio
16 7 (0.15%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 812 (17.33%) Microsoft
2 190 (4.06%) VMware
3 183 (3.91%) Google
4 175 (3.74%) Oracle
5 154 (3.29%) SAP
6 111 (2.37%) Salesforce.com
7 104 (2.22%) Cisco
8 72 (1.54%) ServiceNow
9 66 (1.41%) IBM
10 52 (1.11%) Splunk
11 42 (0.90%) HP
12 41 (0.88%) Citrix
13 35 (0.75%) Databricks
14 33 (0.70%) CheckPoint
15 30 (0.64%) Apple
16 29 (0.62%) Red Hat
17 28 (0.60%) Adobe
18 26 (0.55%) Cadence
18 26 (0.55%) Talend
19 25 (0.53%) Facebook