Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 18 22 16
Rank change year-on-year +4 -6 -1
Permanent jobs citing Degree 13,279 4,844 15,934
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 10.97% 9.86% 11.27%
As % of the Qualifications category 50.97% 44.57% 48.03%
Number of salaries quoted 6,604 3,748 11,424
10th Percentile £30,000 £31,250 £26,250
25th Percentile £38,750 £41,000 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £73,281 £72,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £91,250 £93,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £49,309 £45,000
% change year-on-year -8.74% +9.58% +5.88%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 26,054 10,869 33,177
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.52% 22.13% 23.47%
Number of salaries quoted 14,669 8,260 24,504
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £26,650
25th Percentile £40,500 £40,401 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £71,000 £66,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,000 £48,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 11,412 £55,000 - 2,599
UK excluding London +4 6,833 £45,000 -8.74% 1,943
London -4 4,945 £68,000 +0.74% 862
South East +6 2,712 £50,000 - 481
Work from Home +28 2,537 £55,000 +4.76% 481
North of England -7 1,066 £45,000 -5.26% 401
Midlands +5 884 £43,000 -11.34% 310
East of England +8 829 £45,000 -14.29% 322
South West -2 782 £47,500 +5.56% 218
West Midlands +5 555 £45,000 -8.16% 211
North West -7 508 £42,500 -15.84% 213
Yorkshire -6 461 £47,500 - 131
Scotland -5 364 £42,000 -6.67% 128
East Midlands +7 324 £40,000 -15.79% 96
Wales -2 124 £42,865 +7.16% 64
Northern Ireland +12 114 £47,500 +18.75% 24
North East +5 103 £42,500 -3.41% 57
Isle of Man -11 1 - -

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 5,644 (42.50%) Computer Science
2 4,963 (37.37%) Social Skills
3 4,193 (31.58%) Agile Software Development
4 3,148 (23.71%) Finance
5 3,143 (23.67%) Computer Science Degree
6 2,808 (21.15%) Software Engineering
7 2,804 (21.12%) SQL
8 2,562 (19.29%) Python
9 2,493 (18.77%) Problem-Solving
10 2,374 (17.88%) JavaScript
11 2,265 (17.06%) Java
12 2,257 (17.00%) Analytical Skills
13 2,058 (15.50%) AWS
14 2,030 (15.29%) Azure
15 1,862 (14.02%) Mathematics
16 1,840 (13.86%) Microsoft
17 1,820 (13.71%) Project Management
18 1,745 (13.14%) C#
19 1,739 (13.10%) DevOps
20 1,669 (12.57%) Analytics
21 1,465 (11.03%) Linux
22 1,406 (10.59%) React
23 1,311 (9.87%) Scrum
24 1,278 (9.62%) Mentoring
25 1,261 (9.50%) Git (software)
26 1,248 (9.40%) CSS
27 1,225 (9.23%) .NET
28 1,207 (9.09%) Full Stack Development
29 1,182 (8.90%) Validation
30 1,174 (8.84%) AngularJS

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 514 (3.87%) SAS
2 495 (3.73%) Apache Spark
3 332 (2.50%) SharePoint
4 312 (2.35%) Apache
5 230 (1.73%) GemFire
6 229 (1.72%) Elasticsearch
7 221 (1.66%) Confluence
8 158 (1.19%) CMS
9 153 (1.15%) IIS
10 100 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
11 66 (0.50%) Tomcat
12 63 (0.47%) Documentum
13 56 (0.42%) nginx
14 50 (0.38%) MS Exchange
15 46 (0.35%) Jupyter
16 40 (0.30%) Skype for Business
17 39 (0.29%) Oracle Workflow
18 35 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
18 35 (0.26%) WordPress
19 31 (0.23%) Umbraco
Applications
1 726 (5.47%) Microsoft Office
2 621 (4.68%) Microsoft Excel
3 295 (2.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 132 (0.99%) Simulink
5 112 (0.84%) Microsoft Project
6 89 (0.67%) MS Visio
7 81 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
8 57 (0.43%) Photoshop
8 57 (0.43%) Sketch
9 46 (0.35%) InVision
10 44 (0.33%) Figma
11 42 (0.32%) Adobe Illustrator
12 39 (0.29%) Stateflow
13 37 (0.28%) Adobe XD
14 27 (0.20%) Chatbot
14 27 (0.20%) SPSS
15 20 (0.15%) AutoCAD
16 19 (0.14%) OmniGraffle
17 17 (0.13%) GIMP
18 16 (0.12%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 107 (0.81%) Oracle Clinical
2 70 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
3 54 (0.41%) NetSuite
4 45 (0.34%) TrackWise
5 43 (0.32%) SAP S/4HANA
6 35 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
7 33 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
8 25 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
8 25 (0.19%) R3 Corda
9 24 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
10 23 (0.17%) Sentinel
11 21 (0.16%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
12 20 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
13 19 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 17 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
14 17 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
15 16 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
16 15 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
16 15 (0.11%) SAP ERP
17 14 (0.11%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 2,058 (15.50%) AWS
2 2,030 (15.29%) Azure
3 794 (5.98%) GCP
4 773 (5.82%) SaaS
5 627 (4.72%) GitHub
6 535 (4.03%) Power Platform
7 452 (3.40%) Serverless
8 450 (3.39%) Microsoft 365
9 302 (2.27%) PaaS
10 238 (1.79%) Amazon Kinesis
11 222 (1.67%) Cloud Computing
12 180 (1.36%) IaaS
13 177 (1.33%) AWS Lambda
14 171 (1.29%) OpenShift
15 147 (1.11%) Amazon S3
16 140 (1.05%) Veeva
17 139 (1.05%) Amazon EC2
18 118 (0.89%) Azure Active Directory
19 117 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
20 108 (0.81%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 314 (2.36%) Firewall
2 270 (2.03%) TCP/IP
3 220 (1.66%) Internet
4 211 (1.59%) DNS
5 188 (1.42%) HTTP
6 185 (1.39%) VPN
7 148 (1.11%) WAN
8 144 (1.08%) Wireless
9 131 (0.99%) Broadband
10 127 (0.96%) DHCP
11 112 (0.84%) LAN
11 112 (0.84%) Wi-Fi
12 101 (0.76%) Network Security
13 95 (0.72%) VoIP
14 80 (0.60%) Ethernet
15 79 (0.59%) BGP
16 75 (0.56%) SAN
17 71 (0.53%) 5G
18 53 (0.40%) OSPF
18 53 (0.40%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,094 (8.24%) SQL Server
2 1,011 (7.61%) NoSQL
3 952 (7.17%) Relational Database
4 676 (5.09%) PostgreSQL
5 663 (4.99%) Big Data
6 463 (3.49%) Power BI
7 397 (2.99%) MongoDB
8 390 (2.94%) MySQL
9 355 (2.67%) Tableau
10 301 (2.27%) Redis
11 280 (2.11%) Data Warehouse
12 263 (1.98%) MariaDB
13 254 (1.91%) Hadoop
14 251 (1.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 245 (1.85%) HBase
16 227 (1.71%) RDBMS
17 171 (1.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 165 (1.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 151 (1.14%) Oracle Database
20 145 (1.09%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 1,261 (9.50%) Git (software)
2 808 (6.08%) Jenkins
3 579 (4.36%) JIRA
4 332 (2.50%) Cucumber
5 325 (2.45%) JUnit
6 310 (2.33%) Cypress.io
7 301 (2.27%) Gradle
8 267 (2.01%) Protractor
8 267 (2.01%) Selenium
9 263 (1.98%) Eclipse
10 260 (1.96%) Sonatype Nexus
11 232 (1.75%) Storybook
12 228 (1.72%) Visual Studio
13 224 (1.69%) Mockito
14 222 (1.67%) IntelliJ
15 208 (1.57%) GitLab
16 206 (1.55%) Subversion
17 180 (1.36%) Artifactory
18 171 (1.29%) SonarQube
19 134 (1.01%) Bitbucket
General
1 4,963 (37.37%) Social Skills
2 3,148 (23.71%) Finance
3 2,257 (17.00%) Analytical Skills
4 1,075 (8.10%) Marketing
5 1,044 (7.86%) Pharmaceutical
6 842 (6.34%) Banking
7 788 (5.93%) Law
8 749 (5.64%) Presentation Skills
9 739 (5.57%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 583 (4.39%) Retail
11 573 (4.32%) Games
12 486 (3.66%) Telecoms
13 471 (3.55%) Manufacturing
14 465 (3.50%) Organisational Skills
15 370 (2.79%) Influencing Skills
16 365 (2.75%) Electronics
17 354 (2.67%) Public Sector
18 335 (2.52%) Legal
19 208 (1.57%) Advertising
20 180 (1.36%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,648 (19.94%) Developer
2 1,461 (11.00%) Software Engineer
3 1,218 (9.17%) Analyst
4 650 (4.89%) Architect
5 563 (4.24%) Consultant
6 558 (4.20%) Software Developer
7 508 (3.83%) Graduate
8 458 (3.45%) Senior Developer
9 430 (3.24%) Programmer
10 390 (2.94%) Junior
11 385 (2.90%) Senior Software Engineer
12 346 (2.61%) Project Manager
13 341 (2.57%) Data Manager
14 313 (2.36%) Systems Engineer
15 310 (2.33%) Full Stack Developer
16 309 (2.33%) Java Developer
17 301 (2.27%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 275 (2.07%) .NET Developer
19 251 (1.89%) Principal Engineer
20 249 (1.88%) Senior Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,406 (10.59%) React
2 1,248 (9.40%) CSS
3 1,225 (9.23%) .NET
4 1,174 (8.84%) AngularJS
5 1,172 (8.83%) Node.js
6 1,139 (8.58%) HTML
7 796 (5.99%) REST
8 788 (5.93%) Web Services
9 697 (5.25%) Spring
10 616 (4.64%) RESTful
11 599 (4.51%) Kafka
12 445 (3.35%) JSON
13 383 (2.88%) RabbitMQ
14 379 (2.85%) Redux
15 352 (2.65%) XML
16 339 (2.55%) .NET Core
17 330 (2.49%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 316 (2.38%) Vue.js
19 314 (2.36%) Spring Boot
20 311 (2.34%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 1,030 (7.76%) User Experience
2 971 (7.31%) Management Information System
3 884 (6.66%) Self-Motivation
4 765 (5.76%) Algorithms
5 749 (5.64%) Life Science
6 436 (3.28%) Data Structures
7 355 (2.67%) Mobile App
8 266 (2.00%) Data Centre
9 258 (1.94%) Cloud Native
10 243 (1.83%) Linux Command Line
11 228 (1.72%) Virtual Team
12 223 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
13 215 (1.62%) Biotechnology
14 214 (1.61%) Public Cloud
15 202 (1.52%) Greenfield Project
16 193 (1.45%) Driving Licence
17 189 (1.42%) Blog
18 175 (1.32%) Client/Server
19 167 (1.26%) Social Media
20 108 (0.81%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 1,465 (11.03%) Linux
2 1,157 (8.71%) Windows
3 574 (4.32%) Unix
4 338 (2.55%) Android
5 288 (2.17%) Windows Server
6 227 (1.71%) Apple iOS
7 159 (1.20%) Windows 10
8 89 (0.67%) Embedded Linux
9 67 (0.50%) Windows Server 2012
10 61 (0.46%) Windows Server 2016
11 54 (0.41%) Windows 7
12 52 (0.39%) Mac OS
12 52 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
13 51 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 40 (0.30%) CentOS
15 27 (0.20%) Mac OS X
16 24 (0.18%) Ubuntu
17 21 (0.16%) Solaris
18 20 (0.15%) Windows Server 2019
18 20 (0.15%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,644 (42.50%) Computer Science
2 4,193 (31.58%) Agile Software Development
3 2,808 (21.15%) Software Engineering
4 2,493 (18.77%) Problem-Solving
5 1,862 (14.02%) Mathematics
6 1,820 (13.71%) Project Management
7 1,739 (13.10%) DevOps
8 1,669 (12.57%) Analytics
9 1,311 (9.87%) Scrum
10 1,278 (9.62%) Mentoring
11 1,207 (9.09%) Full Stack Development
12 1,182 (8.90%) Validation
13 1,145 (8.62%) Microservices
14 1,010 (7.61%) Test Automation
15 1,008 (7.59%) Data Management
16 936 (7.05%) TDD
17 893 (6.72%) Data Science
18 868 (6.54%) Business Intelligence
19 857 (6.45%) OO
20 841 (6.33%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 2,804 (21.12%) SQL
2 2,562 (19.29%) Python
3 2,374 (17.88%) JavaScript
4 2,265 (17.06%) Java
5 1,745 (13.14%) C#
6 1,084 (8.16%) C++
7 812 (6.11%) C
8 669 (5.04%) TypeScript
9 393 (2.96%) R
10 389 (2.93%) PowerShell
11 363 (2.73%) Go
12 316 (2.38%) Shell Script
13 270 (2.03%) PHP
14 263 (1.98%) Groovy
15 253 (1.91%) Bash Shell
16 252 (1.90%) MATLAB
17 226 (1.70%) Scala
18 204 (1.54%) T-SQL
19 185 (1.39%) Ruby
20 161 (1.21%) Perl
Qualifications
1 3,143 (23.67%) Computer Science Degree
2 994 (7.49%) Master's Degree
3 589 (4.44%) Security Cleared
4 465 (3.50%) Numerate Degree
5 339 (2.55%) SC Cleared
6 308 (2.32%) PhD
7 236 (1.78%) Oracle Certification
8 227 (1.71%) OCP
9 204 (1.54%) CISSP
10 195 (1.47%) Microsoft Certification
11 192 (1.45%) HND
12 178 (1.34%) Cisco Certification
13 156 (1.17%) CISM
14 145 (1.09%) PMI Certification
15 131 (0.99%) HNC
16 110 (0.83%) CCNA
16 110 (0.83%) PMP
17 109 (0.82%) MBA
18 94 (0.71%) ISTQB
19 88 (0.66%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 866 (6.52%) QA
2 349 (2.63%) Data Quality
3 309 (2.33%) GDPR
4 279 (2.10%) Good Clinical Practice
5 246 (1.85%) CDISC
6 232 (1.75%) SLA
7 211 (1.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 146 (1.10%) Accessibility
9 121 (0.91%) PMO
10 120 (0.90%) NIST
11 107 (0.81%) Cyber Essentials
12 69 (0.52%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 66 (0.50%) PCI DSS
14 63 (0.47%) MISRA
15 54 (0.41%) GMP
16 49 (0.37%) GLP
17 48 (0.36%) GxP
18 47 (0.35%) Sarbanes-Oxley
19 45 (0.34%) ISO 9001
20 43 (0.32%) GRC
System Software
1 1,128 (8.49%) Docker
2 512 (3.86%) Active Directory
3 415 (3.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 203 (1.53%) HDFS
5 160 (1.20%) Firmware
6 103 (0.78%) Hyper-V
7 83 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
7 83 (0.63%) vSphere
8 37 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
9 26 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 26 (0.20%) XenApp
10 23 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
11 20 (0.15%) XenDesktop
12 18 (0.14%) KVM
13 17 (0.13%) NFS
14 14 (0.11%) BitLocker
14 14 (0.11%) ISA Server
15 12 (0.090%) iptables
16 9 (0.068%) Kamailio
16 9 (0.068%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 954 (7.18%) Kubernetes
2 602 (4.53%) Ansible
3 450 (3.39%) Terraform
4 276 (2.08%) Opscode Chef
5 191 (1.44%) Puppet
6 140 (1.05%) SCCM
7 97 (0.73%) Grafana
8 81 (0.61%) Microsoft Intune
9 50 (0.38%) Prometheus
10 48 (0.36%) Kibana
11 41 (0.31%) Nagios
12 27 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
13 26 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
14 22 (0.17%) Active Directory Federation Services
14 22 (0.17%) Istio
15 20 (0.15%) WSUS
16 19 (0.14%) ZABBIX
17 18 (0.14%) Rancher
18 17 (0.13%) SCOM
19 15 (0.11%) Nessus
Vendors
1 1,840 (13.86%) Microsoft
2 965 (7.27%) Oracle
3 680 (5.12%) Google
4 545 (4.10%) VMware
5 470 (3.54%) SAP
6 282 (2.12%) Salesforce.com
7 245 (1.85%) Cisco
8 232 (1.75%) Okta
9 219 (1.65%) Instagram
10 171 (1.29%) Adobe
11 143 (1.08%) IBM
12 134 (1.01%) Facebook
13 132 (0.99%) ServiceNow
14 126 (0.95%) Red Hat
15 125 (0.94%) EMC
16 104 (0.78%) Citrix
17 100 (0.75%) HP
18 97 (0.73%) Databricks
19 95 (0.72%) Workday
20 88 (0.66%) Splunk