Period
to 15 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 15 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
15 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 22 16 14
Rank change year-on-year -6 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing Degree 5,663 13,640 18,256
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.06% 10.79% 12.08%
As % of the Qualifications category 44.90% 49.08% 50.01%
Number of salaries quoted 4,747 10,570 13,749
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £29,700 £26,650 £25,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 12,613 27,794 36,503
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.19% 21.99% 24.15%
Number of salaries quoted 9,275 20,924 27,093
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,333 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +9.63% - +5.88%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 15 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 5,138 £55,000 +10.00% 1,742
UK excluding London -6 3,269 £50,000 +11.11% 1,304
London -6 2,083 £65,000 +8.33% 563
South East -4 1,077 £50,000 +5.26% 348
North of England 0 694 £50,000 +17.65% 262
Work from Home +17 692 £55,000 +10.00% 273
South West -2 443 £45,000 - 179
Midlands -6 413 £50,000 +7.39% 188
East of England +2 364 £50,000 +10.80% 197
Yorkshire +13 316 £50,000 +33.33% 79
West Midlands -1 313 £50,000 +10.50% 116
North West -13 308 £48,157 +7.02% 141
Scotland -15 188 £47,000 +10.59% 75
East Midlands -22 100 £41,250 -13.16% 71
Wales -4 82 £43,500 -1.14% 39
North East -2 70 £41,000 -11.83% 43
Northern Ireland +10 37 £42,500 -5.56% 20
Isle of Man -10 5 £52,500 -0.94%

For the 6 months to 15 January 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 2,105 (37.17%) Computer Science
2 1,616 (28.54%) Agile Software Development
3 1,443 (25.48%) SQL
4 1,215 (21.46%) Finance
5 1,193 (21.07%) Computer Science Degree
6 1,163 (20.54%) JavaScript
7 1,140 (20.13%) Python
8 1,037 (18.31%) Software Engineering
9 1,029 (18.17%) C#
10 998 (17.62%) Problem-Solving
11 993 (17.53%) Microsoft
12 967 (17.08%) Java
13 902 (15.93%) Mathematics
14 895 (15.80%) Azure
15 861 (15.20%) Analytical Skills
16 813 (14.36%) .NET
17 706 (12.47%) DevOps
18 683 (12.06%) AWS
19 627 (11.07%) SQL Server
20 623 (11.00%) HTML
21 613 (10.82%) Linux
22 598 (10.56%) CSS
23 576 (10.17%) Test Automation
24 568 (10.03%) Project Management
25 563 (9.94%) Scrum
26 550 (9.71%) Analytics
27 548 (9.68%) Git (software)
28 538 (9.50%) Windows
29 475 (8.39%) React
30 462 (8.16%) C++

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 164 (2.90%) SharePoint
2 116 (2.05%) Confluence
3 104 (1.84%) Apache Spark
4 82 (1.45%) CMS
5 76 (1.34%) SAS
6 53 (0.94%) Apache
7 46 (0.81%) MS Exchange
8 45 (0.79%) IIS
9 38 (0.67%) Elasticsearch
10 29 (0.51%) Skype for Business
11 19 (0.34%) Tomcat
12 15 (0.26%) Umbraco
12 15 (0.26%) WebSphere
13 14 (0.25%) ArcGIS
13 14 (0.25%) Jupyter
14 13 (0.23%) OpenStack
15 12 (0.21%) WordPress
16 11 (0.19%) nginx
17 10 (0.18%) WebLogic
18 8 (0.14%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 255 (4.50%) Microsoft Office
2 231 (4.08%) Microsoft Excel
3 86 (1.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 49 (0.87%) MS Visio
5 35 (0.62%) Microsoft Project
6 27 (0.48%) Figma
7 24 (0.42%) AutoCAD
8 22 (0.39%) Simulink
9 21 (0.37%) Sketch
10 19 (0.34%) Spreadsheet
11 18 (0.32%) InVision
12 16 (0.28%) SPSS
13 15 (0.26%) Photoshop
14 14 (0.25%) Stateflow
15 12 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
16 11 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
17 10 (0.18%) 3ds Max
17 10 (0.18%) Maya
18 9 (0.16%) Revit
19 7 (0.12%) MicroStation
Business Applications
1 97 (1.71%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (0.37%) SAP S/4HANA
3 15 (0.26%) Magento
3 15 (0.26%) NetSuite
4 12 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
4 12 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
5 10 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
5 10 (0.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 8 (0.14%) SAP EWM
6 8 (0.14%) SAP WM
6 8 (0.14%) Sentinel
7 7 (0.12%) Endur
7 7 (0.12%) FINCAD Analytics
7 7 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
8 6 (0.11%) Oracle Assets
8 6 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 6 (0.11%) SAP ERP
8 6 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
9 5 (0.088%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 895 (15.80%) Azure
2 683 (12.06%) AWS
3 251 (4.43%) Power Platform
4 249 (4.40%) SaaS
5 246 (4.34%) GCP
6 196 (3.46%) Office 365
7 149 (2.63%) PaaS
8 112 (1.98%) IaaS
9 103 (1.82%) Dynamics 365
10 86 (1.52%) Serverless
11 77 (1.36%) GitHub
12 62 (1.09%) AWS Lambda
12 62 (1.09%) Cloud Computing
13 60 (1.06%) Azure Active Directory
14 42 (0.74%) AWS CloudFormation
15 41 (0.72%) Amazon EC2
16 38 (0.67%) Google Analytics
17 37 (0.65%) Amazon S3
18 33 (0.58%) PowerApps
19 27 (0.48%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 208 (3.67%) Firewall
2 98 (1.73%) TCP/IP
3 93 (1.64%) Internet
4 85 (1.50%) LAN
5 84 (1.48%) WAN
6 83 (1.47%) Wireless
7 81 (1.43%) DNS
8 76 (1.34%) Network Security
9 59 (1.04%) VPN
10 44 (0.78%) HTTP
10 44 (0.78%) VoIP
11 43 (0.76%) Skype
12 38 (0.67%) SAN
13 34 (0.60%) DHCP
14 32 (0.57%) SSL
15 29 (0.51%) 4G
16 28 (0.49%) 5G
17 25 (0.44%) Intrusion Detection
17 25 (0.44%) NAS
18 22 (0.39%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 627 (11.07%) SQL Server
2 318 (5.62%) NoSQL
3 309 (5.46%) Relational Database
4 269 (4.75%) Big Data
5 184 (3.25%) Power BI
6 179 (3.16%) PostgreSQL
7 173 (3.05%) MySQL
8 161 (2.84%) MongoDB
9 137 (2.42%) Tableau
10 133 (2.35%) Data Warehouse
11 114 (2.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 105 (1.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 103 (1.82%) Hadoop
14 69 (1.22%) Data Lake
15 58 (1.02%) RDBMS
16 51 (0.90%) Data Mining
16 51 (0.90%) QlikView
17 45 (0.79%) Redis
18 39 (0.69%) Apache Cassandra
19 38 (0.67%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 548 (9.68%) Git (software)
2 259 (4.57%) JIRA
3 199 (3.51%) Jenkins
4 173 (3.05%) Selenium
5 155 (2.74%) Visual Studio
6 105 (1.85%) Subversion
7 85 (1.50%) Team Foundation Server
8 62 (1.09%) Maven
9 58 (1.02%) Mercurial
10 55 (0.97%) GitLab
11 52 (0.92%) Rational DOORS
12 43 (0.76%) JUnit
13 40 (0.71%) webpack
14 37 (0.65%) TeamCity
14 37 (0.65%) Visual Studio Team System
15 35 (0.62%) Cucumber
16 33 (0.58%) Gradle
17 31 (0.55%) Eclipse
18 25 (0.44%) Mockito
18 25 (0.44%) NUnit
General
1 1,215 (21.46%) Finance
2 325 (5.74%) Marketing
3 237 (4.19%) Telecoms
4 217 (3.83%) Banking
5 214 (3.78%) Manufacturing
6 213 (3.76%) Electronics
7 197 (3.48%) Public Sector
8 163 (2.88%) Retail
9 162 (2.86%) Aerospace
10 137 (2.42%) Law
11 120 (2.12%) Legal
12 106 (1.87%) Front Office
13 105 (1.85%) Games
14 96 (1.70%) Advertising
15 73 (1.29%) Pharmaceutical
16 56 (0.99%) Back Office
17 54 (0.95%) French Language
18 52 (0.92%) German Language
19 50 (0.88%) Automotive
20 48 (0.85%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,542 (27.23%) Developer
2 525 (9.27%) Software Engineer
3 506 (8.94%) Analyst
4 339 (5.99%) Graduate
4 339 (5.99%) Software Developer
5 310 (5.47%) Consultant
6 276 (4.87%) Senior Developer
7 258 (4.56%) Architect
8 257 (4.54%) .NET Developer
9 255 (4.50%) C# Developer
10 245 (4.33%) Junior
11 191 (3.37%) Java Developer
12 158 (2.79%) Graduate Developer
13 157 (2.77%) Python Engineer
14 142 (2.51%) C# .NET Developer
15 135 (2.38%) Junior Developer
16 134 (2.37%) DevOps Engineer
17 130 (2.30%) Full Stack Developer
18 127 (2.24%) Business Analyst
19 119 (2.10%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 813 (14.36%) .NET
2 623 (11.00%) HTML
3 598 (10.56%) CSS
4 475 (8.39%) React
5 396 (6.99%) Node.js
6 325 (5.74%) REST
7 303 (5.35%) AngularJS
8 272 (4.80%) .NET Core
9 222 (3.92%) Web Services
10 216 (3.81%) .NET Framework
11 198 (3.50%) ASP.NET
12 191 (3.37%) Vue.js
13 182 (3.21%) XML
14 176 (3.11%) HTML5
15 162 (2.86%) RESTful
16 156 (2.75%) jQuery
17 146 (2.58%) JSON
18 144 (2.54%) Spring
19 132 (2.33%) Django
20 98 (1.73%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 861 (15.20%) Analytical Skills
2 448 (7.91%) Management Information System
3 319 (5.63%) Self-Motivation
4 307 (5.42%) Algorithms
5 265 (4.68%) User Experience
6 190 (3.36%) Mobile App
7 160 (2.83%) Data Structures
8 112 (1.98%) Data Centre
9 107 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
10 94 (1.66%) Public Cloud
11 85 (1.50%) Virtual Team
12 81 (1.43%) Hedge funds
13 79 (1.40%) Greenfield Project
14 74 (1.31%) Life Science
15 58 (1.02%) Social Media
16 53 (0.94%) Robotics
17 52 (0.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 51 (0.90%) Reinsurance
19 49 (0.87%) Private Cloud
20 46 (0.81%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 613 (10.82%) Linux
2 538 (9.50%) Windows
3 149 (2.63%) Unix
4 138 (2.44%) Windows Server
5 136 (2.40%) Android
6 119 (2.10%) Apple iOS
7 60 (1.06%) Windows 10
8 42 (0.74%) Windows Server 2016
9 40 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
10 23 (0.41%) CentOS
10 23 (0.41%) Mac OS
11 21 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 20 (0.35%) Windows 7
13 19 (0.34%) Ubuntu
14 17 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
15 16 (0.28%) VMS
16 15 (0.26%) Windows Server 2019
17 14 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
18 11 (0.19%) Debian
19 8 (0.14%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,105 (37.17%) Computer Science
2 1,616 (28.54%) Agile Software Development
3 1,037 (18.31%) Software Engineering
4 998 (17.62%) Problem-Solving
5 902 (15.93%) Mathematics
6 706 (12.47%) DevOps
7 576 (10.17%) Test Automation
8 568 (10.03%) Project Management
9 563 (9.94%) Scrum
10 550 (9.71%) Analytics
11 428 (7.56%) Microservices
12 423 (7.47%) Business Intelligence
13 418 (7.38%) Mentoring
14 409 (7.22%) Machine Learning
15 405 (7.15%) OO
16 382 (6.75%) TDD
17 341 (6.02%) Continuous Integration
18 329 (5.81%) Decision-Making
19 319 (5.63%) Artificial Intelligence
20 316 (5.58%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 1,443 (25.48%) SQL
2 1,163 (20.54%) JavaScript
3 1,140 (20.13%) Python
4 1,029 (18.17%) C#
5 967 (17.08%) Java
6 462 (8.16%) C++
7 322 (5.69%) C
8 161 (2.84%) TypeScript
9 157 (2.77%) R
10 147 (2.60%) PowerShell
11 145 (2.56%) PHP
12 112 (1.98%) Bash Shell
13 111 (1.96%) T-SQL
14 82 (1.45%) ES6
15 72 (1.27%) Go
15 72 (1.27%) Perl
16 66 (1.17%) Scala
17 62 (1.09%) Kotlin
18 61 (1.08%) Java 8
18 61 (1.08%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 1,193 (21.07%) Computer Science Degree
2 314 (5.54%) Security Cleared
3 267 (4.71%) Master's Degree
4 228 (4.03%) Numerate Degree
5 187 (3.30%) Cisco Certification
6 181 (3.20%) CISSP
7 176 (3.11%) Microsoft Certification
8 169 (2.98%) SC Cleared
9 166 (2.93%) PhD
10 116 (2.05%) CCNA
11 111 (1.96%) CISM
12 91 (1.61%) DV Cleared
12 91 (1.61%) MCSE
13 86 (1.52%) HND
14 84 (1.48%) HNC
15 82 (1.45%) ISTQB
16 60 (1.06%) CISA
17 56 (0.99%) PMI Certification
18 49 (0.87%) CCNP
19 47 (0.83%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 323 (5.70%) QA
2 111 (1.96%) GDPR
3 98 (1.73%) SLA
4 82 (1.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 71 (1.25%) Data Quality
6 70 (1.24%) NIST
7 31 (0.55%) PMO
8 30 (0.53%) Cyber Essentials
9 28 (0.49%) CDISC
10 24 (0.42%) MiFID
11 21 (0.37%) Good Clinical Practice
11 21 (0.37%) PCI DSS
12 19 (0.34%) ISO 9001
13 17 (0.30%) EMIR
14 16 (0.28%) ISO 13485
15 14 (0.25%) COBIT
15 14 (0.25%) Dodd-Frank
16 11 (0.19%) GxP
17 10 (0.18%) 21 CFR Part 11
17 10 (0.18%) Solvency II
System Software
1 386 (6.82%) Docker
2 252 (4.45%) Active Directory
3 167 (2.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 67 (1.18%) Hyper-V
5 66 (1.17%) Firmware
6 25 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
7 22 (0.39%) vSphere
8 14 (0.25%) Xen
9 11 (0.19%) KVM
9 11 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
9 11 (0.19%) VMware NSX
10 10 (0.18%) Terminal Server
10 10 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
11 9 (0.16%) BitLocker
11 9 (0.16%) HDFS
12 7 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
13 6 (0.11%) RHEV
14 4 (0.071%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 4 (0.071%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 4 (0.071%) NFS
Systems Management
1 345 (6.09%) Kubernetes
2 164 (2.90%) Terraform
3 141 (2.49%) Ansible
4 87 (1.54%) Puppet
5 83 (1.47%) Opscode Chef
6 51 (0.90%) SCCM
7 48 (0.85%) Microsoft Intune
8 23 (0.41%) Prometheus
9 20 (0.35%) Grafana
10 15 (0.26%) Nagios
10 15 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
11 12 (0.21%) Microsoft Clustering
11 12 (0.21%) Salt
12 11 (0.19%) Istio
12 11 (0.19%) Kibana
13 10 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
14 9 (0.16%) BMC PATROL
14 9 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
14 9 (0.16%) HP UCMDB
14 9 (0.16%) QRadar
Vendors
1 993 (17.53%) Microsoft
2 239 (4.22%) VMware
3 233 (4.11%) Google
4 198 (3.50%) Oracle
5 179 (3.16%) SAP
6 147 (2.60%) Cisco
7 120 (2.12%) Salesforce.com
8 60 (1.06%) IBM
9 53 (0.94%) Databricks
10 52 (0.92%) ServiceNow
11 48 (0.85%) Adobe
12 41 (0.72%) Apple
13 37 (0.65%) Splunk
14 35 (0.62%) Twitter
15 30 (0.53%) Citrix
15 30 (0.53%) Facebook
16 29 (0.51%) Juniper
17 28 (0.49%) Nintex
18 26 (0.46%) CheckPoint
18 26 (0.46%) Red Hat