Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 17 23 17
Rank change year-on-year +6 -6 -2
Permanent jobs citing Degree 14,742 5,101 14,865
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 11.43% 9.16% 11.07%
As % of the Qualifications category 51.86% 44.52% 49.30%
Number of salaries quoted 6,997 4,045 11,030
10th Percentile £30,000 £30,000 £26,250
25th Percentile £38,750 £40,000 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £73,750 £72,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,500 £48,521 £45,000
% change year-on-year -4.16% +7.82% +5.88%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 28,427 11,457 30,152
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.04% 20.58% 22.45%
Number of salaries quoted 15,797 8,923 22,765
10th Percentile £31,000 £31,250 £27,500
25th Percentile £41,000 £41,250 £35,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £67,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,750 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -0.51% +8.89% -

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 12,448 £55,000 - 2,801
UK excluding London +7 7,511 £46,500 -4.16% 2,036
London 0 5,217 £67,500 +3.85% 982
Work from Home +23 2,908 £55,000 - 489
South East +6 2,902 £50,000 - 511
North of England -3 1,191 £45,000 -5.76% 414
East of England +11 1,065 £47,000 -1.05% 315
Midlands +11 1,037 £45,000 -7.22% 354
South West 0 721 £47,500 +5.56% 215
West Midlands +4 658 £45,000 -9.20% 249
North West +7 596 £45,000 -10.00% 253
Yorkshire -8 484 £47,500 -5.00% 105
Scotland +9 403 £45,000 -1.64% 145
East Midlands +35 372 £42,500 +8.97% 102
Wales -7 135 £40,130 -5.58% 61
North East +4 116 £42,500 -4.49% 56
Northern Ireland +10 96 £47,500 +2.70% 24
Channel Islands - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 6,245 (42.36%) Computer Science
2 5,798 (39.33%) Social Skills
3 5,093 (34.55%) Agile Software Development
4 3,411 (23.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 3,402 (23.08%) Finance
6 3,046 (20.66%) Problem-Solving
7 2,981 (20.22%) Software Engineering
8 2,828 (19.18%) SQL
9 2,661 (18.05%) Python
10 2,614 (17.73%) Analytical Skills
11 2,531 (17.17%) Java
12 2,498 (16.94%) JavaScript
13 2,375 (16.11%) AWS
14 2,312 (15.68%) Azure
15 2,201 (14.93%) Mathematics
16 2,174 (14.75%) Project Management
17 2,089 (14.17%) Analytics
18 2,087 (14.16%) DevOps
19 2,068 (14.03%) Microsoft
20 1,890 (12.82%) C#
21 1,587 (10.77%) Mentoring
22 1,497 (10.15%) Linux
23 1,385 (9.39%) Git (software)
24 1,347 (9.14%) Full Stack Development
25 1,327 (9.00%) Scrum
26 1,322 (8.97%) React
27 1,286 (8.72%) Risk Management
28 1,252 (8.49%) .NET
29 1,242 (8.42%) CSS
30 1,232 (8.36%) Docker

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 514 (3.49%) SAS
2 428 (2.90%) Apache Spark
3 374 (2.54%) SharePoint
4 257 (1.74%) Elasticsearch
5 240 (1.63%) Apache
6 205 (1.39%) Confluence
7 193 (1.31%) CMS
8 170 (1.15%) GemFire
9 126 (0.85%) IIS
10 78 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
11 73 (0.50%) Tomcat
12 69 (0.47%) Documentum
13 62 (0.42%) WordPress
14 51 (0.35%) MS Exchange
15 44 (0.30%) nginx
16 40 (0.27%) Oracle Workflow
17 39 (0.26%) OpenStack
18 37 (0.25%) Jupyter
19 36 (0.24%) Umbraco
20 35 (0.24%) Appian
Applications
1 754 (5.11%) Microsoft Office
2 696 (4.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 348 (2.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 136 (0.92%) Microsoft Project
5 128 (0.87%) Simulink
6 97 (0.66%) MS Visio
7 83 (0.56%) Spreadsheet
8 77 (0.52%) Photoshop
9 68 (0.46%) Sketch
10 65 (0.44%) Figma
11 58 (0.39%) Adobe Illustrator
12 53 (0.36%) InVision
13 49 (0.33%) Adobe XD
14 36 (0.24%) Stateflow
15 33 (0.22%) InDesign
16 27 (0.18%) Chatbot
17 24 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
18 21 (0.14%) Windchill
19 20 (0.14%) Adobe After Effects
20 18 (0.12%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 104 (0.71%) Oracle Clinical
2 75 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
3 68 (0.46%) NetSuite
4 53 (0.36%) Sentinel
4 53 (0.36%) TrackWise
5 51 (0.35%) SAP S/4HANA
6 39 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
7 30 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 29 (0.20%) Magento
8 29 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
8 29 (0.20%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 28 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
10 26 (0.18%) SAP BPC
11 25 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
11 25 (0.17%) R3 Corda
12 24 (0.16%) SAP MDG
13 23 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
14 21 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
15 20 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
15 20 (0.14%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 2,375 (16.11%) AWS
2 2,312 (15.68%) Azure
3 968 (6.57%) SaaS
4 818 (5.55%) GCP
5 662 (4.49%) Power Platform
6 633 (4.29%) GitHub
7 627 (4.25%) Serverless
8 498 (3.38%) Microsoft 365
9 361 (2.45%) OpenShift
10 284 (1.93%) PaaS
11 279 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
12 223 (1.51%) Amazon Kinesis
13 217 (1.47%) AWS Lambda
14 208 (1.41%) IaaS
15 183 (1.24%) Amazon S3
16 162 (1.10%) Veeva
17 150 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
18 138 (0.94%) Google Analytics
19 113 (0.77%) Dynamics 365
20 106 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 358 (2.43%) Firewall
2 270 (1.83%) TCP/IP
3 237 (1.61%) DNS
4 223 (1.51%) VPN
5 214 (1.45%) Internet
6 206 (1.40%) WAN
7 191 (1.30%) HTTP
8 155 (1.05%) DHCP
8 155 (1.05%) Wireless
9 144 (0.98%) LAN
10 137 (0.93%) Broadband
11 128 (0.87%) Wi-Fi
12 102 (0.69%) Kerberos
13 100 (0.68%) BGP
14 91 (0.62%) VoIP
15 90 (0.61%) Network Security
16 89 (0.60%) SAN
17 66 (0.45%) 5G
17 66 (0.45%) Ethernet
17 66 (0.45%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,165 (7.90%) SQL Server
2 975 (6.61%) Relational Database
3 940 (6.38%) NoSQL
4 688 (4.67%) PostgreSQL
5 637 (4.32%) Big Data
6 545 (3.70%) Power BI
7 439 (2.98%) MongoDB
8 436 (2.96%) MySQL
9 389 (2.64%) Tableau
10 311 (2.11%) Data Warehouse
11 261 (1.77%) Redis
12 248 (1.68%) RDBMS
13 238 (1.61%) Hadoop
14 234 (1.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 199 (1.35%) MariaDB
16 185 (1.25%) HBase
17 183 (1.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 153 (1.04%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 137 (0.93%) Data Mining
20 134 (0.91%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,385 (9.39%) Git (software)
2 880 (5.97%) Jenkins
3 625 (4.24%) JIRA
4 285 (1.93%) JUnit
5 268 (1.82%) Cucumber
6 234 (1.59%) Selenium
7 225 (1.53%) Cypress.io
8 220 (1.49%) Gradle
9 214 (1.45%) Eclipse
9 214 (1.45%) Maven
10 212 (1.44%) Visual Studio
11 205 (1.39%) Sonatype Nexus
12 203 (1.38%) Protractor
13 195 (1.32%) Subversion
14 179 (1.21%) Mockito
15 172 (1.17%) Storybook
16 167 (1.13%) IntelliJ
17 165 (1.12%) GitLab
18 152 (1.03%) Artifactory
19 150 (1.02%) Bitbucket
General
1 5,798 (39.33%) Social Skills
2 3,402 (23.08%) Finance
3 2,614 (17.73%) Analytical Skills
4 1,208 (8.19%) Marketing
5 1,114 (7.56%) Pharmaceutical
6 830 (5.63%) Banking
7 799 (5.42%) Presentation Skills
8 763 (5.18%) Law
9 736 (4.99%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 695 (4.71%) Retail
11 575 (3.90%) Manufacturing
12 513 (3.48%) Games
13 508 (3.45%) Influencing Skills
14 485 (3.29%) Telecoms
15 484 (3.28%) Legal
16 426 (2.89%) Organisational Skills
17 328 (2.22%) Electronics
18 321 (2.18%) Public Sector
19 243 (1.65%) Advertising
20 175 (1.19%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 2,781 (18.86%) Developer
2 1,529 (10.37%) Software Engineer
3 1,457 (9.88%) Analyst
4 876 (5.94%) Architect
5 690 (4.68%) Graduate
6 609 (4.13%) Software Developer
7 580 (3.93%) Consultant
8 475 (3.22%) Senior Developer
9 474 (3.22%) Senior Software Engineer
10 463 (3.14%) Junior
11 439 (2.98%) Programmer
12 414 (2.81%) Project Manager
13 372 (2.52%) Full Stack Developer
14 350 (2.37%) Java Developer
15 330 (2.24%) Systems Engineer
16 314 (2.13%) Data Manager
17 289 (1.96%) Business Analyst
18 274 (1.86%) Solutions Architect
19 269 (1.82%) Senior Manager
20 265 (1.80%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,322 (8.97%) React
2 1,252 (8.49%) .NET
3 1,242 (8.42%) CSS
4 1,218 (8.26%) AngularJS
5 1,212 (8.22%) HTML
6 1,082 (7.34%) Node.js
7 949 (6.44%) Web Services
8 754 (5.11%) REST
9 740 (5.02%) Spring
10 670 (4.54%) RESTful
11 544 (3.69%) Kafka
12 510 (3.46%) JSON
13 492 (3.34%) XML
14 476 (3.23%) Spring Boot
15 339 (2.30%) RabbitMQ
16 336 (2.28%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 322 (2.18%) Vue.js
18 321 (2.18%) .NET Core
18 321 (2.18%) ASP.NET
19 319 (2.16%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 1,138 (7.72%) Management Information System
2 1,137 (7.71%) User Experience
3 1,024 (6.95%) Self-Motivation
4 973 (6.60%) Algorithms
5 749 (5.08%) Life Science
6 537 (3.64%) Data Structures
7 408 (2.77%) Cloud Native
8 332 (2.25%) Mobile App
9 318 (2.16%) Virtual Team
10 316 (2.14%) Enterprise Software
11 304 (2.06%) Data Centre
12 266 (1.80%) Social Media
13 227 (1.54%) Biotechnology
14 214 (1.45%) Public Cloud
15 208 (1.41%) Linux Command Line
16 183 (1.24%) Blog
17 181 (1.23%) Greenfield Project
18 177 (1.20%) Driving Licence
19 166 (1.13%) Robotics
20 145 (0.98%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 1,497 (10.15%) Linux
2 1,226 (8.32%) Windows
3 555 (3.76%) Unix
4 354 (2.40%) Windows Server
5 340 (2.31%) Android
6 264 (1.79%) Apple iOS
7 195 (1.32%) Windows 10
8 103 (0.70%) Mac OS
9 93 (0.63%) Windows Server 2012
10 79 (0.54%) Windows Server 2016
11 69 (0.47%) Embedded Linux
11 69 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 60 (0.41%) Mac OS X
12 60 (0.41%) Windows 7
13 56 (0.38%) CentOS
14 52 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
15 41 (0.28%) Ubuntu
16 30 (0.20%) Solaris
16 30 (0.20%) Windows Server 2019
17 20 (0.14%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,245 (42.36%) Computer Science
2 5,093 (34.55%) Agile Software Development
3 3,046 (20.66%) Problem-Solving
4 2,981 (20.22%) Software Engineering
5 2,201 (14.93%) Mathematics
6 2,174 (14.75%) Project Management
7 2,089 (14.17%) Analytics
8 2,087 (14.16%) DevOps
9 1,587 (10.77%) Mentoring
10 1,347 (9.14%) Full Stack Development
11 1,327 (9.00%) Scrum
12 1,286 (8.72%) Risk Management
13 1,199 (8.13%) Microservices
14 1,175 (7.97%) Validation
15 1,140 (7.73%) Continuous Improvement
16 1,136 (7.71%) Data Management
17 1,051 (7.13%) Data Science
18 1,017 (6.90%) Test Automation
19 1,005 (6.82%) Artificial Intelligence
20 995 (6.75%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 2,828 (19.18%) SQL
2 2,661 (18.05%) Python
3 2,531 (17.17%) Java
4 2,498 (16.94%) JavaScript
5 1,890 (12.82%) C#
6 1,160 (7.87%) C++
7 1,050 (7.12%) C
8 692 (4.69%) TypeScript
9 481 (3.26%) R
10 449 (3.05%) PowerShell
11 358 (2.43%) Go
12 336 (2.28%) Shell Script
13 322 (2.18%) PHP
14 261 (1.77%) Java 8
15 252 (1.71%) Bash Shell
15 252 (1.71%) Perl
16 243 (1.65%) T-SQL
17 210 (1.42%) MATLAB
18 209 (1.42%) Groovy
19 199 (1.35%) Scala
Qualifications
1 3,411 (23.14%) Computer Science Degree
2 1,087 (7.37%) Master's Degree
3 603 (4.09%) Security Cleared
4 422 (2.86%) Numerate Degree
5 365 (2.48%) PhD
6 325 (2.20%) SC Cleared
7 282 (1.91%) HND
8 277 (1.88%) Microsoft Certification
9 254 (1.72%) CISSP
10 198 (1.34%) Cisco Certification
11 187 (1.27%) Oracle Certification
12 182 (1.23%) HNC
13 180 (1.22%) PMI Certification
14 179 (1.21%) CISM
15 178 (1.21%) OCP
16 133 (0.90%) PMP
17 113 (0.77%) CCNA
17 113 (0.77%) MBA
18 105 (0.71%) CISA
18 105 (0.71%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 959 (6.51%) QA
2 418 (2.84%) Data Quality
3 346 (2.35%) GDPR
4 296 (2.01%) Good Clinical Practice
5 264 (1.79%) SLA
6 253 (1.72%) CDISC
7 247 (1.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 171 (1.16%) Accessibility
9 128 (0.87%) NIST
10 117 (0.79%) Cyber Essentials
11 112 (0.76%) PMO
12 78 (0.53%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 76 (0.52%) GLP
13 76 (0.52%) GxP
14 67 (0.45%) PCI DSS
15 66 (0.45%) GMP
16 59 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 57 (0.39%) MISRA
18 52 (0.35%) GRC
19 51 (0.35%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 1,232 (8.36%) Docker
2 555 (3.76%) Active Directory
3 390 (2.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 146 (0.99%) HDFS
5 135 (0.92%) Firmware
6 122 (0.83%) Hyper-V
7 95 (0.64%) Virtual Machines
8 75 (0.51%) vSphere
9 45 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
10 29 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 24 (0.16%) NFS
11 24 (0.16%) XenApp
12 17 (0.12%) KVM
13 16 (0.11%) BitLocker
13 16 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
14 15 (0.10%) ISA Server
15 14 (0.095%) iptables
16 13 (0.088%) XenDesktop
17 9 (0.061%) Virtual Desktop
18 8 (0.054%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 1,017 (6.90%) Kubernetes
2 657 (4.46%) Ansible
3 466 (3.16%) Terraform
4 252 (1.71%) Opscode Chef
5 190 (1.29%) Puppet
6 139 (0.94%) SCCM
7 87 (0.59%) Grafana
8 68 (0.46%) Microsoft Intune
9 61 (0.41%) Nagios
10 45 (0.31%) Prometheus
11 40 (0.27%) Kibana
12 27 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
13 26 (0.18%) Istio
13 26 (0.18%) ZABBIX
14 24 (0.16%) HP Quality Center
15 20 (0.14%) Nessus
16 19 (0.13%) Amdocs OSS
17 16 (0.11%) HP ALM
18 15 (0.10%) Active Directory Federation Services
18 15 (0.10%) CASB
Vendors
1 2,068 (14.03%) Microsoft
2 1,041 (7.06%) Oracle
3 707 (4.80%) Google
4 525 (3.56%) SAP
5 505 (3.43%) VMware
6 418 (2.84%) Salesforce.com
7 307 (2.08%) Cisco
8 219 (1.49%) Facebook
9 209 (1.42%) Red Hat
10 205 (1.39%) Adobe
11 200 (1.36%) Okta
12 170 (1.15%) IBM
13 155 (1.05%) ServiceNow
14 127 (0.86%) MuleSoft
15 122 (0.83%) Workday
16 121 (0.82%) Citrix
17 116 (0.79%) Databricks
18 109 (0.74%) EMC
19 104 (0.71%) HP
20 100 (0.68%) Apple