Period
to 28 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 28 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
28 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 21 18 14
Rank change year-on-year -3 -4 0
Permanent jobs citing Degree 6,781 12,834 18,358
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.17% 10.44% 12.16%
As % of the Qualifications category 44.98% 48.07% 49.87%
Number of salaries quoted 5,519 9,969 13,783
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £48,750
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +2.63%
10th Percentile £29,700 £26,750 £26,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 15,077 26,700 36,815
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.38% 21.72% 24.38%
Number of salaries quoted 10,568 20,100 27,226
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,797 £46,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +7.09% +3.33% +5.88%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 28 February 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 28 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 6,090 £55,000 +10.00% 2,174
UK excluding London -5 3,877 £50,000 +11.11% 1,699
London -6 2,466 £65,000 +8.33% 678
South East -3 1,244 £53,000 +11.58% 447
Work from Home +10 961 £57,500 +21.05% 418
North of England +1 744 £50,000 +13.64% 329
South West -2 567 £45,000 - 194
Midlands -2 543 £50,000 +5.26% 223
East of England +4 455 £52,500 +16.67% 299
West Midlands +3 390 £52,500 +12.76% 152
North West -6 383 £47,500 +5.56% 168
Yorkshire +7 293 £50,000 +33.33% 107
Scotland -6 226 £44,500 +4.71% 120
East Midlands -19 156 £48,750 -2.50% 69
Wales -9 86 £43,500 -3.33% 61
North East -7 68 £41,750 -10.22% 55
Northern Ireland +11 54 £42,500 -5.56% 27
Isle of Man -12 1 - -

For the 6 months to 28 February 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 2,617 (38.59%) Computer Science
2 1,970 (29.05%) Agile Software Development
3 1,728 (25.48%) SQL
4 1,512 (22.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 1,458 (21.50%) JavaScript
6 1,423 (20.99%) Python
7 1,392 (20.53%) Finance
8 1,287 (18.98%) Problem-Solving
9 1,261 (18.60%) Software Engineering
10 1,175 (17.33%) C#
11 1,145 (16.89%) Microsoft
12 1,122 (16.55%) Java
13 1,092 (16.10%) Analytical Skills
14 1,022 (15.07%) Azure
15 1,000 (14.75%) Mathematics
16 918 (13.54%) .NET
17 842 (12.42%) DevOps
18 812 (11.97%) AWS
19 766 (11.30%) Linux
20 754 (11.12%) HTML
21 744 (10.97%) CSS
22 711 (10.49%) Test Automation
23 708 (10.44%) Analytics
24 688 (10.15%) SQL Server
25 635 (9.36%) React
26 630 (9.29%) Scrum
27 619 (9.13%) Git (software)
28 618 (9.11%) Project Management
29 607 (8.95%) Windows
30 530 (7.82%) Business Intelligence

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 226 (3.33%) SharePoint
2 149 (2.20%) Confluence
3 119 (1.75%) SAS
4 116 (1.71%) CMS
5 113 (1.67%) Apache Spark
6 64 (0.94%) Apache
6 64 (0.94%) IIS
7 51 (0.75%) Elasticsearch
8 47 (0.69%) MS Exchange
9 45 (0.66%) Tomcat
10 26 (0.38%) nginx
10 26 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 23 (0.34%) OpenStack
12 21 (0.31%) Skype for Business
13 19 (0.28%) ArcGIS
13 19 (0.28%) WordPress
14 18 (0.27%) Jupyter
15 15 (0.22%) Umbraco
16 13 (0.19%) Apache Airflow
16 13 (0.19%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 288 (4.25%) Microsoft Office
2 268 (3.95%) Microsoft Excel
3 81 (1.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 50 (0.74%) MS Visio
5 46 (0.68%) Simulink
6 31 (0.46%) Spreadsheet
7 30 (0.44%) Microsoft Project
8 29 (0.43%) Stateflow
9 27 (0.40%) Figma
10 25 (0.37%) AutoCAD
11 24 (0.35%) InVision
11 24 (0.35%) Sketch
12 22 (0.32%) Photoshop
13 16 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 15 (0.22%) SPSS
15 14 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
16 9 (0.13%) Maya
17 7 (0.10%) 3ds Max
17 7 (0.10%) Adobe After Effects
17 7 (0.10%) Stata
Business Applications
1 129 (1.90%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
3 22 (0.32%) NetSuite
4 18 (0.27%) Magento
4 18 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 17 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
6 14 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
7 11 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
7 11 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
7 11 (0.16%) Sentinel
8 8 (0.12%) FINCAD Analytics
8 8 (0.12%) SAP EWM
8 8 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
8 8 (0.12%) SAP SD
8 8 (0.12%) SAP WM
9 7 (0.10%) SAP ERP
9 7 (0.10%) Shopify
10 6 (0.088%) Oracle Payables
10 6 (0.088%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 5 (0.074%) Oracle Assets
Cloud Services
1 1,022 (15.07%) Azure
2 812 (11.97%) AWS
3 362 (5.34%) SaaS
4 295 (4.35%) Power Platform
5 292 (4.31%) GCP
6 260 (3.83%) Microsoft 365
7 201 (2.96%) PaaS
8 123 (1.81%) GitHub
9 121 (1.78%) IaaS
10 118 (1.74%) Dynamics 365
10 118 (1.74%) Serverless
11 102 (1.50%) Cloud Computing
12 90 (1.33%) Azure Active Directory
13 72 (1.06%) AWS Lambda
14 65 (0.96%) Amazon S3
15 63 (0.93%) Amazon EC2
16 52 (0.77%) Google Analytics
16 52 (0.77%) PowerApps
17 46 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
18 34 (0.50%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 256 (3.78%) Firewall
2 156 (2.30%) Internet
3 104 (1.53%) LAN
4 102 (1.50%) TCP/IP
5 101 (1.49%) WAN
6 95 (1.40%) Network Security
7 93 (1.37%) Wireless
8 91 (1.34%) DNS
9 74 (1.09%) VPN
10 64 (0.94%) HTTP
11 53 (0.78%) VoIP
12 49 (0.72%) SSL
13 41 (0.60%) Skype
14 35 (0.52%) DHCP
15 34 (0.50%) SAN
16 32 (0.47%) Ethernet
16 32 (0.47%) Unified Communications
17 31 (0.46%) 5G
18 30 (0.44%) 4G
18 30 (0.44%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 688 (10.15%) SQL Server
2 342 (5.04%) Relational Database
3 326 (4.81%) NoSQL
4 299 (4.41%) Big Data
5 224 (3.30%) MySQL
6 217 (3.20%) Power BI
7 214 (3.16%) PostgreSQL
8 200 (2.95%) MongoDB
9 178 (2.62%) Data Warehouse
10 167 (2.46%) Tableau
11 141 (2.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 138 (2.04%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 104 (1.53%) Hadoop
14 78 (1.15%) RDBMS
15 72 (1.06%) Data Lake
16 68 (1.00%) Data Mining
17 55 (0.81%) Amazon Redshift
18 54 (0.80%) Oracle Database
19 52 (0.77%) Redis
20 46 (0.68%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 619 (9.13%) Git (software)
2 311 (4.59%) JIRA
3 224 (3.30%) Jenkins
4 192 (2.83%) Selenium
5 183 (2.70%) Visual Studio
6 120 (1.77%) Subversion
7 104 (1.53%) Team Foundation Server
8 81 (1.19%) Maven
9 71 (1.05%) GitLab
10 66 (0.97%) Rational DOORS
11 65 (0.96%) Gradle
12 60 (0.88%) Mercurial
12 60 (0.88%) Visual Studio Team System
13 52 (0.77%) Cucumber
13 52 (0.77%) JUnit
14 50 (0.74%) webpack
15 42 (0.62%) TeamCity
16 38 (0.56%) Artifactory
16 38 (0.56%) Mockito
17 36 (0.53%) Bitbucket
General
1 1,392 (20.53%) Finance
2 463 (6.83%) Marketing
3 293 (4.32%) Telecoms
4 289 (4.26%) Manufacturing
4 289 (4.26%) Public Sector
5 288 (4.25%) Electronics
6 267 (3.94%) Banking
7 205 (3.02%) Retail
8 200 (2.95%) Aerospace
9 173 (2.55%) Law
10 156 (2.30%) Games
11 146 (2.15%) Pharmaceutical
12 136 (2.01%) Legal
13 111 (1.64%) Advertising
14 94 (1.39%) Front Office
15 70 (1.03%) Automotive
16 60 (0.88%) Back Office
17 57 (0.84%) Military
18 55 (0.81%) French Language
19 54 (0.80%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,870 (27.58%) Developer
2 647 (9.54%) Software Engineer
3 601 (8.86%) Analyst
4 397 (5.85%) Software Developer
5 380 (5.60%) Graduate
6 373 (5.50%) Senior Developer
7 347 (5.12%) Consultant
8 301 (4.44%) Architect
9 294 (4.34%) Junior
10 288 (4.25%) .NET Developer
11 279 (4.11%) C# Developer
12 232 (3.42%) Java Developer
13 188 (2.77%) Full Stack Developer
14 186 (2.74%) Python Engineer
15 175 (2.58%) Graduate Developer
16 162 (2.39%) C# .NET Developer
17 153 (2.26%) Junior Developer
18 147 (2.17%) Systems Engineer
19 145 (2.14%) Business Analyst
20 133 (1.96%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 918 (13.54%) .NET
2 754 (11.12%) HTML
3 744 (10.97%) CSS
4 635 (9.36%) React
5 490 (7.23%) Node.js
6 393 (5.80%) REST
7 380 (5.60%) AngularJS
8 314 (4.63%) .NET Core
9 302 (4.45%) Web Services
10 258 (3.80%) .NET Framework
10 258 (3.80%) Vue.js
11 234 (3.45%) HTML5
12 219 (3.23%) XML
13 218 (3.21%) ASP.NET
14 213 (3.14%) RESTful
15 204 (3.01%) jQuery
16 167 (2.46%) Spring
17 155 (2.29%) JSON
18 140 (2.06%) Django
19 121 (1.78%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 1,092 (16.10%) Analytical Skills
2 469 (6.92%) Management Information System
3 371 (5.47%) Algorithms
4 362 (5.34%) User Experience
5 358 (5.28%) Self-Motivation
6 216 (3.19%) Mobile App
7 190 (2.80%) Data Structures
8 166 (2.45%) Data Centre
9 138 (2.04%) Enterprise Software
10 134 (1.98%) Virtual Team
11 133 (1.96%) Life Science
12 126 (1.86%) Public Cloud
13 89 (1.31%) Greenfield Project
14 84 (1.24%) N-Tier
15 81 (1.19%) Robotics
16 72 (1.06%) Hedge funds
17 70 (1.03%) Social Media
18 62 (0.91%) Driving Licence
19 59 (0.87%) Reinsurance
20 58 (0.86%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 766 (11.30%) Linux
2 607 (8.95%) Windows
3 197 (2.91%) Unix
4 161 (2.37%) Windows Server
5 156 (2.30%) Android
6 141 (2.08%) Apple iOS
7 67 (0.99%) Windows 10
8 49 (0.72%) Windows Server 2016
9 42 (0.62%) CentOS
10 41 (0.60%) Ubuntu
11 39 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
12 31 (0.46%) Mac OS
13 26 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 22 (0.32%) Debian
15 21 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
16 17 (0.25%) Windows 7
16 17 (0.25%) Windows Server 2019
17 13 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
18 11 (0.16%) Mac OS X
18 11 (0.16%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,617 (38.59%) Computer Science
2 1,970 (29.05%) Agile Software Development
3 1,287 (18.98%) Problem-Solving
4 1,261 (18.60%) Software Engineering
5 1,000 (14.75%) Mathematics
6 842 (12.42%) DevOps
7 711 (10.49%) Test Automation
8 708 (10.44%) Analytics
9 630 (9.29%) Scrum
10 618 (9.11%) Project Management
11 530 (7.82%) Business Intelligence
12 520 (7.67%) Microservices
13 502 (7.40%) Machine Learning
14 493 (7.27%) Mentoring
15 487 (7.18%) OO
16 431 (6.36%) Fintech
17 420 (6.19%) Decision-Making
18 414 (6.11%) Continuous Integration
19 412 (6.08%) TDD
20 406 (5.99%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 1,728 (25.48%) SQL
2 1,458 (21.50%) JavaScript
3 1,423 (20.99%) Python
4 1,175 (17.33%) C#
5 1,122 (16.55%) Java
6 511 (7.54%) C++
7 385 (5.68%) C
8 284 (4.19%) TypeScript
9 192 (2.83%) PHP
10 191 (2.82%) R
11 187 (2.76%) PowerShell
12 161 (2.37%) T-SQL
13 147 (2.17%) Go
14 144 (2.12%) Bash Shell
15 138 (2.04%) ES6
16 93 (1.37%) Perl
17 91 (1.34%) MATLAB
18 86 (1.27%) Ruby
19 84 (1.24%) Java 8
20 78 (1.15%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 1,512 (22.30%) Computer Science Degree
2 396 (5.84%) Master's Degree
3 380 (5.60%) Security Cleared
4 283 (4.17%) Numerate Degree
5 238 (3.51%) SC Cleared
6 210 (3.10%) PhD
7 182 (2.68%) Cisco Certification
8 179 (2.64%) CISSP
9 178 (2.62%) Microsoft Certification
10 126 (1.86%) HNC
11 112 (1.65%) HND
12 105 (1.55%) CCNA
13 100 (1.47%) ISTQB
14 96 (1.42%) CISM
15 95 (1.40%) DV Cleared
16 93 (1.37%) MCSE
17 63 (0.93%) CCNP
18 57 (0.84%) ISEB
19 55 (0.81%) CISA
20 53 (0.78%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 420 (6.19%) QA
2 130 (1.92%) GDPR
3 99 (1.46%) SLA
4 96 (1.42%) Data Quality
5 90 (1.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 70 (1.03%) NIST
7 56 (0.83%) CDISC
8 42 (0.62%) Good Clinical Practice
9 33 (0.49%) Cyber Essentials
10 32 (0.47%) PMO
11 23 (0.34%) PCI DSS
12 20 (0.29%) MiFID
13 19 (0.28%) ISO 9001
14 17 (0.25%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 17 (0.25%) EMIR
15 16 (0.24%) ISO 13485
15 16 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 15 (0.22%) GMP
17 14 (0.21%) Dodd-Frank
17 14 (0.21%) GxP
System Software
1 500 (7.37%) Docker
2 267 (3.94%) Active Directory
3 194 (2.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 90 (1.33%) Firmware
5 60 (0.88%) Hyper-V
6 30 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
7 27 (0.40%) vSphere
8 21 (0.31%) KVM
9 19 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
10 15 (0.22%) Xen
11 14 (0.21%) HDFS
12 11 (0.16%) Postfix
13 9 (0.13%) VMware NSX
14 8 (0.12%) BitLocker
14 8 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
15 7 (0.10%) Kamailio
16 6 (0.088%) iptables
16 6 (0.088%) QEMU
16 6 (0.088%) Virtual Servers
17 4 (0.059%) LXC
Systems Management
1 438 (6.46%) Kubernetes
2 202 (2.98%) Terraform
3 167 (2.46%) Ansible
4 118 (1.74%) Opscode Chef
5 112 (1.65%) Puppet
6 50 (0.74%) SCCM
7 45 (0.66%) Microsoft Intune
8 27 (0.40%) Prometheus
9 18 (0.27%) Grafana
10 17 (0.25%) Nagios
11 15 (0.22%) Salt
12 14 (0.21%) HP UCMDB
12 14 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
13 13 (0.19%) ZABBIX
14 12 (0.18%) HP Quality Center
14 12 (0.18%) Oracle RMAN
15 11 (0.16%) Data Guard
15 11 (0.16%) Microsoft Clustering
16 10 (0.15%) CASB
16 10 (0.15%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 1,145 (16.89%) Microsoft
2 305 (4.50%) Google
3 286 (4.22%) Oracle
4 266 (3.92%) VMware
5 252 (3.72%) SAP
6 183 (2.70%) Cisco
7 153 (2.26%) Salesforce.com
8 86 (1.27%) Twitter
9 83 (1.22%) IBM
10 72 (1.06%) Databricks
11 60 (0.88%) Adobe
11 60 (0.88%) ServiceNow
12 56 (0.83%) Facebook
13 51 (0.75%) Nintex
14 47 (0.69%) Apple
15 44 (0.65%) Juniper
16 43 (0.63%) Atlassian
16 43 (0.63%) YouTube
17 42 (0.62%) Splunk
18 41 (0.60%) Citrix