Period
to 2 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 2 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 42 56 42
Rank change year-on-year +14 -14 -5
Permanent jobs citing Computer Science 8,243 2,561 7,459
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 6.39% 4.60% 5.55%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.77% 4.95% 6.00%
Number of salaries quoted 3,827 2,108 5,641
10th Percentile £32,000 £31,250 £26,750
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £36,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +10.00%
75th Percentile £80,000 £78,563 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% +5.88%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 121,729 51,713 124,343
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.36% 92.88% 92.59%
Number of salaries quoted 81,314 43,396 99,764
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +1.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,750 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Computer Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Computer Science.

Salary trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Computer Science over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +13 6,998 £60,000 - 1,277
London +6 3,724 £75,000 +7.14% 589
UK excluding London +29 3,417 £47,500 -5.00% 763
Work from Home +33 1,585 £60,000 - 326
South East +19 1,478 £50,000 - 234
East of England +17 499 £60,000 +9.09% 137
North of England -16 496 £45,000 -10.00% 130
Midlands +32 356 £42,500 -12.37% 115
South West +11 281 £45,000 +5.88% 68
West Midlands +13 244 £42,500 -2.86% 60
North West -22 219 £53,750 +7.50% 77
Yorkshire -31 213 £45,000 -10.00% 33
Scotland -10 168 £47,500 -12.04% 56
Northern Ireland +16 119 £45,000 +5.88% 11
East Midlands +14 110 £42,500 -30.33% 55
North East +30 68 £42,500 +6.25% 20
Wales -34 37 £30,750 -29.31% 12
Isle of Man -1 2 - - 1

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, IT jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 6,245 (75.76%) Degree
2 3,290 (39.91%) Agile Software Development
2 3,290 (39.91%) Computer Science Degree
3 2,765 (33.54%) Social Skills
4 2,614 (31.71%) Software Engineering
5 2,418 (29.33%) Python
6 2,181 (26.46%) Java
7 2,120 (25.72%) JavaScript
8 2,013 (24.42%) AWS
9 1,998 (24.24%) SQL
10 1,959 (23.77%) Finance
11 1,751 (21.24%) Mathematics
12 1,723 (20.90%) Problem-Solving
13 1,653 (20.05%) Azure
14 1,513 (18.35%) DevOps
15 1,391 (16.87%) React
16 1,356 (16.45%) C#
17 1,331 (16.15%) Analytics
18 1,319 (16.00%) Full Stack Development
19 1,246 (15.12%) Linux
20 1,208 (14.65%) Analytical Skills
21 1,138 (13.81%) C++
22 1,128 (13.68%) Docker
23 1,110 (13.47%) Git (software)
24 1,081 (13.11%) AngularJS
25 1,068 (12.96%) CSS
26 1,057 (12.82%) Microservices
27 1,004 (12.18%) Node.js
28 962 (11.67%) .NET
29 951 (11.54%) Kubernetes

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 419 (5.08%) Apache Spark
2 347 (4.21%) SAS
3 330 (4.00%) Elasticsearch
4 242 (2.94%) Apache
5 170 (2.06%) GemFire
6 167 (2.03%) SharePoint
7 131 (1.59%) CMS
8 98 (1.19%) Confluence
9 78 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
10 75 (0.91%) IIS
11 63 (0.76%) uWSGI
12 59 (0.72%) Documentum
13 41 (0.50%) Jupyter
13 41 (0.50%) Tomcat
14 39 (0.47%) WordPress
15 38 (0.46%) nginx
16 34 (0.41%) MS Exchange
17 33 (0.40%) Appian
17 33 (0.40%) Ethereum
18 31 (0.38%) OpenStack
Applications
1 164 (1.99%) Microsoft Office
2 159 (1.93%) Microsoft Excel
3 42 (0.51%) MS Visio
4 34 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 34 (0.41%) Simulink
5 28 (0.34%) Figma
6 27 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
7 21 (0.25%) Sketch
7 21 (0.25%) Windchill
8 16 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
9 15 (0.18%) Photoshop
10 14 (0.17%) Chatbot
11 13 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
12 11 (0.13%) InVision
13 10 (0.12%) GIMP
13 10 (0.12%) UserZoom
14 8 (0.097%) SPSS
15 6 (0.073%) Marvel
15 6 (0.073%) S-PLUS
16 5 (0.061%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 75 (0.91%) NetSuite
2 56 (0.68%) Distributed Ledger
2 56 (0.68%) R3 Corda
3 43 (0.52%) TrackWise
4 38 (0.46%) SAP Business ByDesign
5 32 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
6 28 (0.34%) Magento
7 17 (0.21%) IBM Planning Analytics
8 16 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
9 14 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
10 13 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
11 12 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
12 10 (0.12%) SAP ERP
12 10 (0.12%) SAP MDG
12 10 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
13 8 (0.097%) Shopify
14 7 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 7 (0.085%) SAP FI
14 7 (0.085%) SAP R/3
14 7 (0.085%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 2,013 (24.42%) AWS
2 1,653 (20.05%) Azure
3 697 (8.46%) SaaS
4 650 (7.89%) GitHub
5 619 (7.51%) GCP
6 472 (5.73%) Serverless
7 348 (4.22%) Power Platform
8 289 (3.51%) Cloud Computing
9 230 (2.79%) OpenShift
10 220 (2.67%) PaaS
11 212 (2.57%) Amazon Kinesis
12 183 (2.22%) Microsoft 365
13 139 (1.69%) IaaS
14 128 (1.55%) AWS Lambda
15 127 (1.54%) Veeva
16 119 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
17 110 (1.33%) Amazon S3
18 98 (1.19%) npm
19 74 (0.90%) Azure Data Factory
20 71 (0.86%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 178 (2.16%) TCP/IP
2 160 (1.94%) Firewall
3 144 (1.75%) HTTP
4 140 (1.70%) DNS
5 134 (1.63%) Internet
6 111 (1.35%) VPN
7 103 (1.25%) Ethernet
8 102 (1.24%) Wireless
9 100 (1.21%) Wi-Fi
10 95 (1.15%) Broadband
11 89 (1.08%) MQTT
11 89 (1.08%) WAN
12 83 (1.01%) DHCP
13 63 (0.76%) LAN
14 52 (0.63%) Bluetooth
15 44 (0.53%) BGP
15 44 (0.53%) Network Security
16 41 (0.50%) Wireshark
17 40 (0.49%) SSL
18 38 (0.46%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 766 (9.29%) NoSQL
2 751 (9.11%) SQL Server
3 722 (8.76%) Relational Database
4 699 (8.48%) PostgreSQL
5 623 (7.56%) Big Data
6 431 (5.23%) MySQL
7 406 (4.93%) MongoDB
8 349 (4.23%) Redis
9 260 (3.15%) Power BI
10 202 (2.45%) Hadoop
11 198 (2.40%) Tableau
12 195 (2.37%) HBase
13 190 (2.30%) Blockchain
14 188 (2.28%) Data Warehouse
15 183 (2.22%) MariaDB
16 148 (1.80%) Data Mining
17 136 (1.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 112 (1.36%) Apache Cassandra
19 108 (1.31%) RDBMS
20 106 (1.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,110 (13.47%) Git (software)
2 721 (8.75%) Jenkins
3 388 (4.71%) JIRA
4 247 (3.00%) Cucumber
5 245 (2.97%) JUnit
6 235 (2.85%) Gradle
7 207 (2.51%) Cypress.io
8 195 (2.37%) Eclipse
9 191 (2.32%) Sonatype Nexus
10 188 (2.28%) Protractor
11 177 (2.15%) Storybook
12 172 (2.09%) Mockito
13 171 (2.07%) Selenium
14 168 (2.04%) IntelliJ
15 163 (1.98%) GitLab
16 136 (1.65%) Artifactory
17 109 (1.32%) Maven
18 99 (1.20%) Bitbucket
18 99 (1.20%) TeamCity
18 99 (1.20%) Visual Studio
General
1 2,765 (33.54%) Social Skills
2 1,959 (23.77%) Finance
3 1,208 (14.65%) Analytical Skills
4 619 (7.51%) Banking
5 586 (7.11%) Pharmaceutical
6 506 (6.14%) Marketing
7 480 (5.82%) Law
8 423 (5.13%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 377 (4.57%) Games
10 311 (3.77%) Presentation Skills
11 240 (2.91%) Legal
12 233 (2.83%) Retail
13 223 (2.71%) Telecoms
14 213 (2.58%) Manufacturing
15 190 (2.30%) Organisational Skills
16 156 (1.89%) Electronics
17 149 (1.81%) Spanish Language
18 129 (1.56%) Public Sector
19 104 (1.26%) Investment Banking
20 103 (1.25%) French Language
Job Titles
1 2,273 (27.57%) Developer
2 1,346 (16.33%) Software Engineer
3 646 (7.84%) Architect
4 636 (7.72%) Analyst
5 550 (6.67%) Software Developer
6 452 (5.48%) Senior Software Engineer
7 413 (5.01%) Senior Developer
8 367 (4.45%) Programmer
9 354 (4.29%) Full Stack Developer
10 282 (3.42%) Junior
11 266 (3.23%) Graduate
12 258 (3.13%) Principal Engineer
13 257 (3.12%) Java Developer
14 219 (2.66%) Consultant
15 214 (2.60%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 208 (2.52%) Data Scientist
17 201 (2.44%) .NET Developer
17 201 (2.44%) Data Engineer
18 199 (2.41%) Principal Software Engineer
19 184 (2.23%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,391 (16.87%) React
2 1,081 (13.11%) AngularJS
3 1,068 (12.96%) CSS
4 1,004 (12.18%) Node.js
5 962 (11.67%) .NET
6 913 (11.08%) HTML
7 737 (8.94%) Web Services
8 709 (8.60%) Spring
9 656 (7.96%) RESTful
10 609 (7.39%) REST
11 562 (6.82%) Kafka
12 395 (4.79%) RabbitMQ
13 376 (4.56%) Spring Boot
14 370 (4.49%) JSON
15 350 (4.25%) Vue.js
16 329 (3.99%) XML
17 323 (3.92%) .NET Core
18 317 (3.85%) Redux
19 294 (3.57%) HTML5
20 264 (3.20%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 872 (10.58%) User Experience
2 838 (10.17%) Algorithms
3 673 (8.16%) Management Information System
4 629 (7.63%) Self-Motivation
5 494 (5.99%) Data Structures
6 467 (5.67%) Life Science
7 412 (5.00%) Cloud Native
8 283 (3.43%) Enterprise Software
9 245 (2.97%) Mobile App
10 243 (2.95%) Greenfield Project
11 218 (2.64%) Virtual Team
12 209 (2.54%) Linux Command Line
13 187 (2.27%) Public Cloud
14 155 (1.88%) Data Centre
15 154 (1.87%) Biotechnology
16 150 (1.82%) Blog
17 121 (1.47%) Robotics
18 92 (1.12%) Embedded Systems
19 88 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
20 87 (1.06%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,246 (15.12%) Linux
2 620 (7.52%) Windows
3 494 (5.99%) Unix
4 261 (3.17%) Android
5 217 (2.63%) Apple iOS
6 184 (2.23%) Windows Server
7 70 (0.85%) Windows Server 2012
8 67 (0.81%) Windows Server 2016
9 66 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 61 (0.74%) Windows 10
11 54 (0.66%) Mac OS
12 40 (0.49%) Ubuntu
13 37 (0.45%) Mac OS X
14 27 (0.33%) CentOS
14 27 (0.33%) Embedded Linux
15 22 (0.27%) Solaris
15 22 (0.27%) Windows Server 2019
16 16 (0.19%) Debian
17 14 (0.17%) Windows 7
18 12 (0.15%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,290 (39.91%) Agile Software Development
2 2,614 (31.71%) Software Engineering
3 1,751 (21.24%) Mathematics
4 1,723 (20.90%) Problem-Solving
5 1,513 (18.35%) DevOps
6 1,331 (16.15%) Analytics
7 1,319 (16.00%) Full Stack Development
8 1,057 (12.82%) Microservices
9 911 (11.05%) Mentoring
9 911 (11.05%) Scrum
10 896 (10.87%) Artificial Intelligence
11 879 (10.66%) Data Science
12 869 (10.54%) TDD
13 834 (10.12%) OO
14 797 (9.67%) Machine Learning
15 791 (9.60%) Statistics
16 733 (8.89%) Test Automation
17 688 (8.35%) Continuous Integration
18 667 (8.09%) SDLC
19 634 (7.69%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 2,418 (29.33%) Python
2 2,181 (26.46%) Java
3 2,120 (25.72%) JavaScript
4 1,998 (24.24%) SQL
5 1,356 (16.45%) C#
6 1,138 (13.81%) C++
7 677 (8.21%) TypeScript
8 676 (8.20%) C
9 400 (4.85%) Go
10 325 (3.94%) PHP
11 302 (3.66%) R
12 295 (3.58%) Shell Script
13 262 (3.18%) Bash Shell
14 253 (3.07%) PowerShell
15 222 (2.69%) Kotlin
16 201 (2.44%) Scala
17 191 (2.32%) Groovy
18 177 (2.15%) Perl
19 133 (1.61%) Java 8
20 125 (1.52%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 6,245 (75.76%) Degree
2 3,290 (39.91%) Computer Science Degree
3 623 (7.56%) Master's Degree
4 404 (4.90%) PhD
5 222 (2.69%) Security Cleared
6 210 (2.55%) Numerate Degree
7 176 (2.14%) Oracle Certification
8 175 (2.12%) OCP
9 167 (2.03%) HND
10 130 (1.58%) Microsoft Certification
11 117 (1.42%) SC Cleared
12 111 (1.35%) HNC
13 106 (1.29%) CISSP
14 80 (0.97%) TOGAF Certification
15 77 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
16 73 (0.89%) AWS Certification
17 59 (0.72%) PMI Certification
18 58 (0.70%) ISTQB
19 54 (0.66%) MCSE
20 48 (0.58%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 677 (8.21%) QA
2 200 (2.43%) Data Quality
3 178 (2.16%) CDISC
4 115 (1.40%) GDPR
5 91 (1.10%) SLA
6 87 (1.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 74 (0.90%) Accessibility
8 69 (0.84%) Good Clinical Practice
9 62 (0.75%) GxP
10 54 (0.66%) MISRA
11 42 (0.51%) NIST
12 41 (0.50%) PCI DSS
13 37 (0.45%) ECSS
13 37 (0.45%) MISRA C
14 30 (0.36%) 21 CFR Part 11
15 29 (0.35%) Cyber Essentials
16 28 (0.34%) PMO
17 27 (0.33%) ISO 13485
18 18 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
19 17 (0.21%) Def Stans
System Software
1 1,128 (13.68%) Docker
2 239 (2.90%) VMware Infrastructure
3 233 (2.83%) Active Directory
4 154 (1.87%) HDFS
5 95 (1.15%) Firmware
6 59 (0.72%) Hyper-V
7 55 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
8 30 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 26 (0.32%) vSphere
10 23 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
11 15 (0.18%) ISA Server
12 14 (0.17%) BitLocker
13 12 (0.15%) KVM
14 8 (0.097%) Ceph
14 8 (0.097%) iptables
14 8 (0.097%) NFS
15 7 (0.085%) LXC
16 6 (0.073%) Virtual Servers
16 6 (0.073%) XenApp
17 5 (0.061%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 951 (11.54%) Kubernetes
2 507 (6.15%) Ansible
3 426 (5.17%) Terraform
4 230 (2.79%) Opscode Chef
5 168 (2.04%) Puppet
6 75 (0.91%) Grafana
7 73 (0.89%) SCCM
8 56 (0.68%) Kibana
9 42 (0.51%) Prometheus
10 30 (0.36%) Istio
11 24 (0.29%) Graylog
11 24 (0.29%) Microsoft Intune
12 21 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
13 19 (0.23%) Amdocs OSS
13 19 (0.23%) Consul
14 18 (0.22%) Nessus
15 17 (0.21%) ZABBIX
16 14 (0.17%) linkerd
17 13 (0.16%) HP ALM
17 13 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 895 (10.86%) Microsoft
2 601 (7.29%) Oracle
3 536 (6.50%) Google
4 289 (3.51%) VMware
5 273 (3.31%) Salesforce.com
6 266 (3.23%) SAP
7 200 (2.43%) Okta
8 164 (1.99%) Cisco
9 162 (1.97%) Red Hat
10 109 (1.32%) MuleSoft
11 107 (1.30%) IBM
12 104 (1.26%) Facebook
13 92 (1.12%) Databricks
14 72 (0.87%) Apple
15 59 (0.72%) LexisNexis
16 56 (0.68%) Citrix
17 52 (0.63%) Atlassian
18 51 (0.62%) ServiceNow
19 50 (0.61%) Adobe
20 49 (0.59%) YouTube