Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Computer Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Computer Science over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Computer Science (Computing Science, Comp Sci)
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 43 51 44
Rank change year-on-year +8 -7 -7
Permanent jobs citing Computer Science 7,507 2,448 7,633
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 6.20% 4.98% 5.40%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.60% 5.35% 5.83%
Number of salaries quoted 3,539 1,969 5,655
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,000 £26,750
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £57,250 £53,500
Median % change year-on-year +0.44% +7.01% +7.00%
75th Percentile £78,750 £80,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £100,000 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%

Computer Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 113,815 45,798 130,905
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.02% 93.24% 92.61%
Number of salaries quoted 75,990 37,717 104,073
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Computer Science
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Computer Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Computer Science.

Salary trend for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Computer Science over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Computer Science in the UK

Computer Science
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Computer Science within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 6,572 £60,000 +4.35% 1,235
London -4 3,409 £72,500 - 530
UK excluding London +20 3,386 £47,500 - 777
South East +17 1,485 £50,000 +11.11% 214
Work from Home +61 1,352 £60,000 +20.00% 332
North of England -7 478 £47,500 -9.52% 155
East of England +20 425 £55,000 +1.85% 142
Midlands +15 359 £46,000 -3.16% 117
South West +11 340 £47,500 +5.56% 75
West Midlands +30 242 £47,500 +11.76% 74
Yorkshire -22 219 £47,500 -7.32% 51
North West -30 204 £50,000 -6.54% 80
Scotland -32 156 £42,500 -15.00% 52
Northern Ireland +15 129 £42,500 +6.25% 11
East Midlands -13 115 £42,500 -10.53% 43
North East +14 59 £42,500 +13.33% 24
Wales -41 18 £45,000 +5.88% 14
Isle of Man -5 11 - -

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT jobs citing Computer Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Computer Science.

1 5,644 (75.18%) Degree
2 3,040 (40.50%) Computer Science Degree
3 2,787 (37.13%) Agile Software Development
4 2,466 (32.85%) Software Engineering
5 2,286 (30.45%) Social Skills
6 2,227 (29.67%) Python
7 1,980 (26.38%) Java
7 1,980 (26.38%) JavaScript
8 1,955 (26.04%) SQL
9 1,831 (24.39%) Finance
10 1,668 (22.22%) AWS
11 1,494 (19.90%) Mathematics
12 1,445 (19.25%) Problem-Solving
13 1,351 (18.00%) Azure
14 1,333 (17.76%) React
15 1,304 (17.37%) DevOps
16 1,267 (16.88%) C#
17 1,230 (16.38%) Full Stack Development
18 1,223 (16.29%) Linux
19 1,094 (14.57%) CSS
20 1,071 (14.27%) Analytics
21 1,051 (14.00%) Analytical Skills
22 1,035 (13.79%) Git (software)
23 1,032 (13.75%) AngularJS
24 1,016 (13.53%) Docker
24 1,016 (13.53%) C++
25 1,015 (13.52%) Node.js
26 999 (13.31%) .NET
27 955 (12.72%) Microservices
28 874 (11.64%) HTML

Computer Science
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 461 (6.14%) Apache Spark
2 314 (4.18%) SAS
3 293 (3.90%) Apache
4 234 (3.12%) Elasticsearch
5 225 (3.00%) GemFire
6 138 (1.84%) SharePoint
7 103 (1.37%) CMS
8 100 (1.33%) Cloud Foundry
8 100 (1.33%) Confluence
9 94 (1.25%) IIS
10 51 (0.68%) Documentum
11 50 (0.67%) Jupyter
12 48 (0.64%) MS Exchange
13 46 (0.61%) Apache Airflow
14 44 (0.59%) Tomcat
15 42 (0.56%) nginx
16 35 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2013
17 26 (0.35%) OpenStack
18 22 (0.29%) Tornado
19 21 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 154 (2.05%) Microsoft Office
2 133 (1.77%) Microsoft Excel
3 46 (0.61%) Simulink
4 33 (0.44%) MS Visio
5 23 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 22 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
7 20 (0.27%) Adobe Illustrator
7 20 (0.27%) Photoshop
8 17 (0.23%) GIMP
9 15 (0.20%) Sketch
9 15 (0.20%) Windchill
10 14 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
10 14 (0.19%) Stateflow
11 10 (0.13%) Chatbot
11 10 (0.13%) Figma
12 8 (0.11%) InVision
12 8 (0.11%) UserZoom
13 6 (0.080%) Marvel
13 6 (0.080%) Siemens NX
13 6 (0.080%) Solid Edge
Business Applications
1 48 (0.64%) Distributed Ledger
2 46 (0.61%) R3 Corda
3 37 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
3 37 (0.49%) NetSuite
4 35 (0.47%) TrackWise
5 16 (0.21%) IBM Planning Analytics
6 13 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
7 12 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
7 12 (0.16%) SAP Business ByDesign
8 11 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
8 11 (0.15%) Oracle Clinical
8 11 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
8 11 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
8 11 (0.15%) SAP ERP
8 11 (0.15%) Summit
9 10 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
9 10 (0.13%) Primavera
9 10 (0.13%) Shopify
10 8 (0.11%) Sage 50
11 7 (0.093%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,668 (22.22%) AWS
2 1,351 (18.00%) Azure
3 594 (7.91%) GCP
4 571 (7.61%) GitHub
5 559 (7.45%) SaaS
6 350 (4.66%) Serverless
7 254 (3.38%) Power Platform
8 223 (2.97%) PaaS
9 221 (2.94%) Amazon Kinesis
10 210 (2.80%) Cloud Computing
11 163 (2.17%) OpenShift
12 142 (1.89%) Microsoft 365
13 114 (1.52%) AWS Lambda
14 111 (1.48%) IaaS
15 105 (1.40%) Amazon EC2
15 105 (1.40%) npm
16 98 (1.31%) Veeva
17 97 (1.29%) Amazon S3
18 79 (1.05%) AWS CloudFormation
19 52 (0.69%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 190 (2.53%) TCP/IP
2 171 (2.28%) Firewall
3 161 (2.14%) HTTP
4 131 (1.75%) Internet
5 130 (1.73%) DNS
6 123 (1.64%) Ethernet
7 122 (1.63%) Wireless
8 120 (1.60%) VPN
9 112 (1.49%) Wi-Fi
10 109 (1.45%) Broadband
11 100 (1.33%) MQTT
12 79 (1.05%) DHCP
13 72 (0.96%) Wireshark
14 58 (0.77%) WAN
15 56 (0.75%) Bluetooth
15 56 (0.75%) Network Security
16 50 (0.67%) VoIP
17 48 (0.64%) LAN
18 41 (0.55%) BGP
18 41 (0.55%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 837 (11.15%) NoSQL
2 736 (9.80%) SQL Server
3 712 (9.48%) Relational Database
4 650 (8.66%) PostgreSQL
5 589 (7.85%) Big Data
6 352 (4.69%) MongoDB
7 316 (4.21%) MySQL
8 306 (4.08%) Redis
9 270 (3.60%) MariaDB
10 255 (3.40%) HBase
11 211 (2.81%) Power BI
12 190 (2.53%) Hadoop
13 186 (2.48%) Data Warehouse
14 176 (2.34%) Tableau
15 161 (2.14%) Data Mining
16 154 (2.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 136 (1.81%) Blockchain
18 112 (1.49%) RDBMS
19 109 (1.45%) Oracle Database
20 90 (1.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,035 (13.79%) Git (software)
2 677 (9.02%) Jenkins
3 358 (4.77%) JIRA
4 302 (4.02%) Gradle
5 301 (4.01%) Cucumber
6 285 (3.80%) JUnit
7 270 (3.60%) Cypress.io
8 251 (3.34%) Eclipse
9 250 (3.33%) Protractor
10 240 (3.20%) Sonatype Nexus
11 229 (3.05%) Storybook
12 221 (2.94%) IntelliJ
13 213 (2.84%) Mockito
14 197 (2.62%) Selenium
15 182 (2.42%) GitLab
16 162 (2.16%) Artifactory
17 111 (1.48%) Visual Studio
17 111 (1.48%) webpack
18 106 (1.41%) Maven
18 106 (1.41%) SonarQube
General
1 2,286 (30.45%) Social Skills
2 1,831 (24.39%) Finance
3 1,051 (14.00%) Analytical Skills
4 652 (8.69%) Banking
5 539 (7.18%) Pharmaceutical
6 509 (6.78%) Law
7 504 (6.71%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 467 (6.22%) Games
9 455 (6.06%) Marketing
10 258 (3.44%) Presentation Skills
11 226 (3.01%) Telecoms
12 221 (2.94%) Retail
13 205 (2.73%) Manufacturing
14 193 (2.57%) Organisational Skills
15 165 (2.20%) Electronics
16 152 (2.02%) Public Sector
17 149 (1.98%) Legal
18 96 (1.28%) Automotive
19 95 (1.27%) French Language
20 92 (1.23%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 2,178 (29.01%) Developer
2 1,343 (17.89%) Software Engineer
3 487 (6.49%) Software Developer
4 473 (6.30%) Architect
5 462 (6.15%) Analyst
6 408 (5.43%) Senior Software Engineer
7 382 (5.09%) Senior Developer
8 359 (4.78%) Programmer
9 313 (4.17%) Full Stack Developer
10 280 (3.73%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 258 (3.44%) Graduate
12 252 (3.36%) Junior
13 229 (3.05%) Principal Engineer
14 227 (3.02%) Java Developer
15 223 (2.97%) .NET Developer
16 208 (2.77%) Data Engineer
17 187 (2.49%) Principal Software Engineer
18 171 (2.28%) Consultant
19 167 (2.22%) Statistical Programmer
20 161 (2.14%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,333 (17.76%) React
2 1,094 (14.57%) CSS
3 1,032 (13.75%) AngularJS
4 1,015 (13.52%) Node.js
5 999 (13.31%) .NET
6 874 (11.64%) HTML
7 654 (8.71%) Spring
8 647 (8.62%) Web Services
9 643 (8.57%) RESTful
10 641 (8.54%) REST
11 611 (8.14%) Kafka
12 385 (5.13%) Redux
13 373 (4.97%) RabbitMQ
14 362 (4.82%) JSON
15 328 (4.37%) .NET Core
16 303 (4.04%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 285 (3.80%) Vue.js
18 284 (3.78%) HTML5
19 280 (3.73%) Express
20 266 (3.54%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 766 (10.20%) User Experience
2 694 (9.24%) Algorithms
3 559 (7.45%) Management Information System
4 473 (6.30%) Self-Motivation
5 428 (5.70%) Life Science
6 417 (5.55%) Data Structures
7 265 (3.53%) Mobile App
8 256 (3.41%) Greenfield Project
9 253 (3.37%) Linux Command Line
10 231 (3.08%) Cloud Native
11 226 (3.01%) Enterprise Software
12 171 (2.28%) Public Cloud
13 152 (2.02%) Blog
14 149 (1.98%) Virtual Team
15 140 (1.86%) Biotechnology
16 137 (1.82%) Data Centre
17 99 (1.32%) Client/Server
18 90 (1.20%) Embedded Systems
19 79 (1.05%) Robotics
20 68 (0.91%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 1,223 (16.29%) Linux
2 635 (8.46%) Windows
3 504 (6.71%) Unix
4 265 (3.53%) Android
5 176 (2.34%) Apple iOS
6 141 (1.88%) Windows Server
7 72 (0.96%) Windows Server 2016
8 61 (0.81%) Windows Server 2012
9 49 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 46 (0.61%) Windows 10
11 38 (0.51%) Ubuntu
12 34 (0.45%) Windows Server 2019
13 31 (0.41%) Embedded Linux
14 30 (0.40%) Mac OS
15 19 (0.25%) Windows 7
16 18 (0.24%) CentOS
17 14 (0.19%) Fedora
18 13 (0.17%) Mac OS X
19 12 (0.16%) Solaris
20 11 (0.15%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,787 (37.13%) Agile Software Development
2 2,466 (32.85%) Software Engineering
3 1,494 (19.90%) Mathematics
4 1,445 (19.25%) Problem-Solving
5 1,304 (17.37%) DevOps
6 1,230 (16.38%) Full Stack Development
7 1,071 (14.27%) Analytics
8 955 (12.72%) Microservices
9 866 (11.54%) TDD
10 865 (11.52%) Scrum
11 806 (10.74%) OO
12 742 (9.88%) Artificial Intelligence
13 723 (9.63%) Data Science
14 721 (9.60%) Mentoring
15 712 (9.48%) Test Automation
16 707 (9.42%) Machine Learning
17 648 (8.63%) Continuous Integration
18 640 (8.53%) SDLC
19 629 (8.38%) Statistics
20 597 (7.95%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 2,227 (29.67%) Python
2 1,980 (26.38%) Java
2 1,980 (26.38%) JavaScript
3 1,955 (26.04%) SQL
4 1,267 (16.88%) C#
5 1,016 (13.53%) C++
6 651 (8.67%) TypeScript
7 609 (8.11%) C
8 402 (5.36%) Go
9 279 (3.72%) Shell Script
10 253 (3.37%) R
11 243 (3.24%) PHP
12 238 (3.17%) Bash Shell
13 237 (3.16%) PowerShell
14 234 (3.12%) Groovy
15 215 (2.86%) Scala
16 182 (2.42%) Kotlin
17 138 (1.84%) Ruby
18 136 (1.81%) MATLAB
19 133 (1.77%) ES6
Qualifications
1 5,644 (75.18%) Degree
2 3,040 (40.50%) Computer Science Degree
3 572 (7.62%) Master's Degree
4 343 (4.57%) PhD
5 226 (3.01%) OCP
5 226 (3.01%) Oracle Certification
6 223 (2.97%) Security Cleared
7 199 (2.65%) Numerate Degree
8 116 (1.55%) SC Cleared
9 97 (1.29%) CISSP
10 89 (1.19%) HND
11 77 (1.03%) Cisco Certification
12 73 (0.97%) HNC
13 72 (0.96%) Microsoft Certification
14 68 (0.91%) AWS Certification
15 62 (0.83%) ISTQB
16 56 (0.75%) CISM
17 55 (0.73%) PMI Certification
18 46 (0.61%) CCNA
19 41 (0.55%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 591 (7.87%) QA
2 164 (2.18%) CDISC
3 143 (1.90%) Data Quality
4 103 (1.37%) GDPR
5 85 (1.13%) SLA
6 83 (1.11%) Good Clinical Practice
7 82 (1.09%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 56 (0.75%) MISRA
9 52 (0.69%) Accessibility
10 49 (0.65%) GxP
10 49 (0.65%) PCI DSS
11 44 (0.59%) NIST
12 38 (0.51%) PMO
13 37 (0.49%) ECSS
13 37 (0.49%) MISRA C
14 34 (0.45%) Cyber Essentials
15 31 (0.41%) 21 CFR Part 11
16 18 (0.24%) Def Stans
17 14 (0.19%) NIST 800
18 12 (0.16%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 1,016 (13.53%) Docker
2 267 (3.56%) VMware Infrastructure
3 209 (2.78%) HDFS
4 206 (2.74%) Active Directory
5 104 (1.39%) Firmware
6 42 (0.56%) Virtual Machines
7 37 (0.49%) Hyper-V
8 32 (0.43%) vSphere
9 28 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 20 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
11 19 (0.25%) KVM
12 14 (0.19%) Ceph
12 14 (0.19%) ISA Server
13 10 (0.13%) BitLocker
14 9 (0.12%) XenApp
15 7 (0.093%) Virtual Desktop
16 6 (0.080%) LXC
17 5 (0.067%) NFS
17 5 (0.067%) VMware NSX
18 4 (0.053%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 849 (11.31%) Kubernetes
2 552 (7.35%) Ansible
3 403 (5.37%) Terraform
4 258 (3.44%) Opscode Chef
5 171 (2.28%) Puppet
6 95 (1.27%) Grafana
7 71 (0.95%) Kibana
8 69 (0.92%) SCCM
9 49 (0.65%) Prometheus
10 38 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
11 35 (0.47%) ZABBIX
12 33 (0.44%) Graylog
13 29 (0.39%) Salt
14 24 (0.32%) Consul
15 22 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
15 22 (0.29%) Istio
15 22 (0.29%) Nagios
15 22 (0.29%) Packer
16 20 (0.27%) Graphite
16 20 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 817 (10.88%) Microsoft
2 531 (7.07%) Oracle
3 501 (6.67%) Google
4 335 (4.46%) VMware
5 227 (3.02%) Okta
6 199 (2.65%) Salesforce.com
7 195 (2.60%) SAP
8 158 (2.10%) Cisco
9 99 (1.32%) Red Hat
10 91 (1.21%) IBM
11 84 (1.12%) Instagram
12 60 (0.80%) Databricks
13 57 (0.76%) Apple
14 52 (0.69%) Citrix
15 48 (0.64%) Atlassian
16 45 (0.60%) YouTube
17 43 (0.57%) Splunk
18 41 (0.55%) HP
19 40 (0.53%) Adobe
19 40 (0.53%) Sony