Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for NIST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited NIST over the 6 months to 17 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
UK
6 months to
17 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 434 463 488
Rank change year-on-year +29 +25 +106
Permanent jobs citing NIST 1,275 533 514
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.80% 0.59% 0.53%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 4.68% 4.51% 4.11%
Number of salaries quoted 769 427 381
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £44,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £49,750 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.85% - -
75th Percentile £83,750 £78,125 £78,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £65,000 £56,439 £62,500
% change year-on-year +15.17% -9.70% +4.17%

NIST is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 27,218 11,817 12,521
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.98% 13.18% 13.00%
Number of salaries quoted 13,203 8,073 9,661
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £38,475
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £53,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.77% +0.95% +5.00%
75th Percentile £73,750 £70,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,626 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +0.27% - +5.56%

NIST
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing NIST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for NIST in the UK

NIST
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing NIST.

Salary trend for NIST in the UK

NIST
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing NIST over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Salary histogram for NIST in the UK

NIST
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing NIST within the UK over the 6 months to 17 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +10 1,063 £67,500 +3.85% 124
UK excluding London +75 683 £65,000 +15.17% 81
Work from Home -78 493 £67,500 +2.20% 41
London -55 482 £75,000 +3.45% 53
North of England +42 172 £59,500 +32.22% 17
South East -43 170 £72,500 +31.82% 15
North West +31 134 £60,000 +36.36% 14
Midlands -49 103 £57,500 -8.00% 12
Scotland +5 100 £85,000 +54.55% 5
South West +53 92 £56,250 +12.50% 16
West Midlands -31 89 £62,500 - 10
Yorkshire -12 39 £65,000 +8.33% 2
East of England -75 29 £75,000 -16.67% 10
Wales -12 28 £80,000 +14.29% 5
East Midlands -39 10 £42,500 -19.05% 1
Northern Ireland -8 8 £50,500 - 1
North East -11 7 £110,000 +109.52% 1

For the 6 months to 17 May 2022, IT jobs citing NIST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for NIST.

1 899 (70.51%) Cybersecurity
2 855 (67.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 652 (51.14%) Information Security
4 546 (42.82%) Finance
5 512 (40.16%) CISSP
6 419 (32.86%) GDPR
7 403 (31.61%) Risk Management
8 399 (31.29%) SIEM
9 395 (30.98%) Vulnerability Management
9 395 (30.98%) Social Skills
10 362 (28.39%) Cyber Essentials
11 331 (25.96%) CISM
12 325 (25.49%) Azure
13 254 (19.92%) PCI DSS
14 252 (19.76%) Security Testing
14 252 (19.76%) AWS
15 227 (17.80%) Data Protection
16 225 (17.65%) OWASP
17 220 (17.25%) Banking
18 216 (16.94%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
19 213 (16.71%) Agile
20 209 (16.39%) Microsoft
21 206 (16.16%) Management Information System
21 206 (16.16%) Degree
22 182 (14.27%) GRC
22 182 (14.27%) Security Operations
23 181 (14.20%) Police
23 181 (14.20%) Smart Meter
24 179 (14.04%) Firewall
25 170 (13.33%) Security Architecture

NIST
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (0.55%) Apache Spark
1 7 (0.55%) SharePoint
2 4 (0.31%) IIS
2 4 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 3 (0.24%) Apache
3 3 (0.24%) Confluence
3 3 (0.24%) MS Exchange
4 2 (0.16%) Elasticsearch
4 2 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2010
4 2 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2013
4 2 (0.16%) WebLogic
5 1 (0.078%) Cloud Foundry
5 1 (0.078%) GemFire
5 1 (0.078%) Oracle Coherence
5 1 (0.078%) Tomcat
Applications
1 17 (1.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (1.02%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.24%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 25 (1.96%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.31%) SAP PLM
3 3 (0.24%) assyst
4 1 (0.078%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.078%) Magento
4 1 (0.078%) SAP CRM
4 1 (0.078%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 325 (25.49%) Azure
2 252 (19.76%) AWS
3 114 (8.94%) Microsoft 365
4 79 (6.20%) SaaS
5 59 (4.63%) GCP
6 50 (3.92%) PaaS
7 47 (3.69%) Azure Active Directory
8 45 (3.53%) GitHub
8 45 (3.53%) IaaS
8 45 (3.53%) Serverless
9 30 (2.35%) Azure Sentinel
10 26 (2.04%) Cloud Computing
11 19 (1.49%) Power Platform
12 12 (0.94%) Mimecast
13 5 (0.39%) Amazon GuardDuty
14 4 (0.31%) Adobe Analytics
15 3 (0.24%) WhatsApp
16 2 (0.16%) Azure Stack
16 2 (0.16%) Collibra
16 2 (0.16%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 179 (14.04%) Firewall
2 95 (7.45%) Network Security
3 41 (3.22%) Internet
4 33 (2.59%) Intrusion Detection
5 29 (2.27%) TCP/IP
6 24 (1.88%) DNS
7 18 (1.41%) WAN
7 18 (1.41%) Wireless
8 14 (1.10%) LAN
8 14 (1.10%) VPN
9 12 (0.94%) SSL
10 11 (0.86%) SSH
11 10 (0.78%) HTTP
11 10 (0.78%) HTTPS
12 9 (0.71%) MPLS
13 8 (0.63%) Broadband
13 8 (0.63%) DHCP
13 8 (0.63%) SD-WAN
13 8 (0.63%) Wi-Fi
14 6 (0.47%) Cisco ISE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (1.73%) SQL Server
2 19 (1.49%) Power BI
3 14 (1.10%) NoSQL
4 9 (0.71%) Big Data
4 9 (0.71%) Relational Database
5 8 (0.63%) PostgreSQL
6 4 (0.31%) BusinessObjects
6 4 (0.31%) Hadoop
6 4 (0.31%) Tableau
7 3 (0.24%) Amazon Redshift
7 3 (0.24%) Data Warehouse
7 3 (0.24%) DB2
7 3 (0.24%) MySQL
8 2 (0.16%) Apache Cassandra
8 2 (0.16%) Apache Hive
8 2 (0.16%) Azure SQL Database
8 2 (0.16%) Data Lake
8 2 (0.16%) DataStage
8 2 (0.16%) HBase
8 2 (0.16%) IBM InfoSphere
Development Applications
1 35 (2.75%) JIRA
2 29 (2.27%) Burp Suite
3 15 (1.18%) Log4j
4 14 (1.10%) Git (software)
5 13 (1.02%) GitLab
6 11 (0.86%) Emacs
7 7 (0.55%) Team Foundation Server
8 5 (0.39%) Metasploit
9 4 (0.31%) Jenkins
10 2 (0.16%) IBM UrbanCode
11 1 (0.078%) Ant
11 1 (0.078%) JUnit
11 1 (0.078%) Snyk
11 1 (0.078%) Subversion
11 1 (0.078%) Visual Studio
General
1 546 (42.82%) Finance
2 395 (30.98%) Social Skills
3 220 (17.25%) Banking
4 181 (14.20%) Police
5 118 (9.25%) Legal
6 89 (6.98%) Telecoms
7 85 (6.67%) Analytical Skills
8 65 (5.10%) Manufacturing
9 51 (4.00%) Public Sector
10 49 (3.84%) Marketing
11 39 (3.06%) Retail
12 29 (2.27%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 26 (2.04%) Presentation Skills
14 23 (1.80%) Law
15 22 (1.73%) Electronics
16 16 (1.25%) Influencing Skills
16 16 (1.25%) Local Government
17 13 (1.02%) Aerospace
17 13 (1.02%) Documentation Skills
18 12 (0.94%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 329 (25.80%) Architect
2 295 (23.14%) Security Architect
3 235 (18.43%) Security Manager
4 196 (15.37%) Analyst
5 149 (11.69%) Consultant
6 145 (11.37%) Security Analyst
7 121 (9.49%) Security Consultant
8 86 (6.75%) Security Engineer
9 62 (4.86%) Information Manager
9 62 (4.86%) IT Manager
10 59 (4.63%) Information Analyst
11 57 (4.47%) Information Security Analyst
12 56 (4.39%) Information Security Manager
13 51 (4.00%) Security Specialist
14 48 (3.76%) IT Security Manager
15 43 (3.37%) IT Analyst
16 42 (3.29%) Head of Security
17 38 (2.98%) Cloud Architect
18 35 (2.75%) IT Security Analyst
18 35 (2.75%) Security Officer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (2.04%) RESTful
1 26 (2.04%) SAML
2 17 (1.33%) OAuth
3 14 (1.10%) OpenID
4 12 (0.94%) Node.js
5 11 (0.86%) GraphQL
5 11 (0.86%) Mason
5 11 (0.86%) React
6 9 (0.71%) ARM Templates
7 8 (0.63%) Ruby on Rails
7 8 (0.63%) Web Services
8 7 (0.55%) Elastic Stack
8 7 (0.55%) LDAP
9 5 (0.39%) Middleware
10 4 (0.31%) COM
10 4 (0.31%) SailPoint
11 3 (0.24%) .NET
11 3 (0.24%) CSS
11 3 (0.24%) Kafka
11 3 (0.24%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 206 (16.16%) Management Information System
2 181 (14.20%) Smart Meter
3 67 (5.25%) Public Cloud
4 63 (4.94%) Security Operations Centre
5 47 (3.69%) Data Protection Act
6 38 (2.98%) Cyberthreat
7 33 (2.59%) Self-Motivation
8 32 (2.51%) Data Centre
9 29 (2.27%) Cyberattack
10 26 (2.04%) Cyber Kill Chain
11 25 (1.96%) Cloud Native
11 25 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
12 20 (1.57%) Cyber Defence
13 19 (1.49%) IoT
14 17 (1.33%) SCADA
15 16 (1.25%) CSOC
16 13 (1.02%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
17 11 (0.86%) PKI
18 10 (0.78%) Social Media
18 10 (0.78%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 106 (8.31%) Windows
2 63 (4.94%) Linux
3 48 (3.76%) Windows Server
4 20 (1.57%) Unix
5 18 (1.41%) Kali Linux
6 4 (0.31%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.24%) AIX
7 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2016
7 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2019
7 3 (0.24%) zOS
8 2 (0.16%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.16%) Solaris
9 1 (0.078%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.078%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 899 (70.51%) Cybersecurity
2 652 (51.14%) Information Security
3 403 (31.61%) Risk Management
4 399 (31.29%) SIEM
5 395 (30.98%) Vulnerability Management
6 252 (19.76%) Security Testing
7 227 (17.80%) Data Protection
8 225 (17.65%) OWASP
9 213 (16.71%) Agile
10 182 (14.27%) Security Operations
11 170 (13.33%) Security Architecture
12 164 (12.86%) Penetration Testing
13 157 (12.31%) Security Management
14 155 (12.16%) ISMS
15 133 (10.43%) ITIL
16 131 (10.27%) DevOps
17 128 (10.04%) MITRE ATT&CK
17 128 (10.04%) Stakeholder Management
18 127 (9.96%) Data Loss Prevention
19 123 (9.65%) Threat Modelling
Programming Languages
1 101 (7.92%) Python
2 53 (4.16%) PowerShell
3 43 (3.37%) SQL
4 26 (2.04%) Bash
5 18 (1.41%) C#
5 18 (1.41%) Go
6 17 (1.33%) Java
7 16 (1.25%) C
8 13 (1.02%) Ruby
9 12 (0.94%) Perl
10 11 (0.86%) TypeScript
11 10 (0.78%) JavaScript
12 7 (0.55%) ABAP
13 2 (0.16%) PL/SQL
13 2 (0.16%) Shell Script
14 1 (0.078%) C++
14 1 (0.078%) Rust
Qualifications
1 512 (40.16%) CISSP
2 331 (25.96%) CISM
3 206 (16.16%) Degree
4 153 (12.00%) CISA
5 148 (11.61%) CRISC
6 127 (9.96%) Security Cleared
7 110 (8.63%) Cisco Certification
8 85 (6.67%) CESG Certified Professional
9 79 (6.20%) Computer Science Degree
10 75 (5.88%) Master's Degree
11 70 (5.49%) SC Cleared
12 69 (5.41%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 50 (3.92%) CISMP
14 41 (3.22%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
15 38 (2.98%) SANS
16 37 (2.90%) AWS Certification
16 37 (2.90%) CCSP
17 35 (2.75%) CEH
17 35 (2.75%) OSCP
18 32 (2.51%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 855 (67.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 419 (32.86%) GDPR
3 362 (28.39%) Cyber Essentials
4 254 (19.92%) PCI DSS
5 216 (16.94%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 182 (14.27%) GRC
7 128 (10.04%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 108 (8.47%) COBIT
9 85 (6.67%) NCSC
10 56 (4.39%) NIST 800
11 42 (3.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 38 (2.98%) QA
13 35 (2.75%) SOC 2
14 34 (2.67%) IASME
15 29 (2.27%) HIPAA
16 18 (1.41%) HMG Security Policy Framework
17 15 (1.18%) JSP 440
18 11 (0.86%) Actionable Recommendations
19 10 (0.78%) RMADS
20 9 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 84 (6.59%) Active Directory
2 36 (2.82%) Docker
3 6 (0.47%) Hyper-V
3 6 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.39%) Virtual Desktop
5 4 (0.31%) Snort
6 3 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.16%) Firmware
8 1 (0.078%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 1 (0.078%) OpenAM
8 1 (0.078%) OpenIDM
8 1 (0.078%) RACF
8 1 (0.078%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 54 (4.24%) Terraform
2 50 (3.92%) Kubernetes
3 44 (3.45%) Puppet
4 43 (3.37%) CASB
5 42 (3.29%) Nessus
6 38 (2.98%) Ansible
7 33 (2.59%) Opscode Chef
8 24 (1.88%) Single Sign-On
9 16 (1.25%) FortiGate
10 15 (1.18%) Trend Micro Deep Security
11 8 (0.63%) CSIRT
12 6 (0.47%) EnCase
13 5 (0.39%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 5 (0.39%) CA Single Sign-On
13 5 (0.39%) Cisco CUCM
13 5 (0.39%) Observium
13 5 (0.39%) Suricata
14 4 (0.31%) EMC NetWorker
14 4 (0.31%) Microsoft Intune
14 4 (0.31%) QRadar
Vendors
1 209 (16.39%) Microsoft
2 48 (3.76%) Google
3 33 (2.59%) CrowdStrike
3 33 (2.59%) Oracle
4 31 (2.43%) Twitter
5 30 (2.35%) SAP
6 29 (2.27%) Qualys
6 29 (2.27%) Splunk
7 26 (2.04%) Cisco
7 26 (2.04%) IBM
7 26 (2.04%) Sophos
8 25 (1.96%) Darktrace
9 23 (1.80%) Palo Alto
10 22 (1.73%) Okta
11 20 (1.57%) Tanium
12 19 (1.49%) Salesforce.com
13 18 (1.41%) VMware
14 16 (1.25%) Fortinet
15 15 (1.18%) Forcepoint
15 15 (1.18%) OneTrust