Period
to 14 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 14 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
14 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 269 239 447
Rank change year-on-year -30 +208 +726
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 1,646 2,352 1,168
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.20% 1.44% 0.67%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 9.00% 10.92% 5.40%
Number of salaries quoted 1,228 1,720 1,008
UK median annual salary £55,000 £53,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.80% -10.83% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,000 £37,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £51,000 £47,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +7.37% -5.00% -

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 18,288 21,539 21,638
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.28% 13.18% 12.45%
Number of salaries quoted 13,627 16,358 16,033
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £28,000 £28,213 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing GDPR.

Salary trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 14 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -27 1,548 £55,000 - 454
UK excluding London -43 943 £51,000 +7.37% 334
London -15 657 £60,000 -4.00% 140
South East +25 304 £57,500 +21.05% 88
North of England -76 249 £48,375 +7.50% 79
North West -42 163 £51,000 +7.37% 27
Midlands -70 158 £40,000 -11.11% 64
East of England +58 111 £50,000 +2.56% 30
West Midlands -109 87 £40,000 -11.11% 47
Yorkshire -66 74 £47,000 +4.44% 41
East Midlands +48 71 £37,500 -16.67% 17
South West -59 60 £47,675 +0.37% 55
Scotland +21 41 £57,950 +0.78% 8
Wales +1 22 £43,500 +5.45% 8
North East -10 13 £43,750 -20.45% 11

For the 6 months to 14 October 2019, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 535 (32.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 532 (32.32%) Information Security
3 414 (25.15%) Data Protection
4 347 (21.08%) Agile Software Development
5 346 (21.02%) Cybersecurity
6 336 (20.41%) Microsoft
7 308 (18.71%) Finance
8 300 (18.23%) PCI DSS
9 276 (16.77%) Degree
10 273 (16.59%) Azure
11 271 (16.46%) CISSP
12 234 (14.22%) CISM
13 233 (14.16%) Management Information System
14 223 (13.55%) Analytical Skills
15 222 (13.49%) Problem-Solving
16 213 (12.94%) Stakeholder Management
17 211 (12.82%) SQL
18 203 (12.33%) Project Management
19 197 (11.97%) Windows
20 193 (11.73%) ITIL
21 191 (11.60%) Risk Management
22 189 (11.48%) AWS
23 169 (10.27%) Data Protection Act
24 166 (10.09%) NIST
25 164 (9.96%) Retail
26 160 (9.72%) SQL Server
27 142 (8.63%) Security Architecture
28 140 (8.51%) DevOps
29 138 (8.38%) Data Management
30 137 (8.32%) Analytics

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (3.77%) SharePoint
2 36 (2.19%) CMS
3 31 (1.88%) MS Exchange
4 18 (1.09%) IIS
5 17 (1.03%) Apache Spark
6 13 (0.79%) Apache
6 13 (0.79%) Confluence
6 13 (0.79%) Skype for Business
7 11 (0.67%) Exchange Server 2013
8 8 (0.49%) WebSphere
9 7 (0.43%) Documentum
10 6 (0.36%) Alfresco
10 6 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 6 (0.36%) SugarCRM
11 5 (0.30%) JBoss
12 4 (0.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 4 (0.24%) Oracle Coherence
12 4 (0.24%) SAS
13 3 (0.18%) OpenStack
13 3 (0.18%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 79 (4.80%) Microsoft Office
2 49 (2.98%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (1.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 17 (1.03%) Microsoft Project
5 16 (0.97%) MS Visio
6 5 (0.30%) SPSS
6 5 (0.30%) Stata
7 4 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.18%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 16 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.61%) Dynamics NAV
3 7 (0.43%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.30%) Line 500
5 4 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.24%) Exstream
5 4 (0.24%) Line 50
5 4 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
5 4 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 3 (0.18%) Magento
6 3 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.18%) SAP Business One
6 3 (0.18%) Workday HCM
7 2 (0.12%) Eloqua
7 2 (0.12%) FastStats
7 2 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.061%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.061%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.061%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 273 (16.59%) Azure
2 189 (11.48%) AWS
3 114 (6.93%) Office 365
4 55 (3.34%) Power Platform
4 55 (3.34%) SaaS
5 43 (2.61%) GCP
6 32 (1.94%) Cloud Computing
7 29 (1.76%) Dynamics 365
8 28 (1.70%) IaaS
9 24 (1.46%) PaaS
10 23 (1.40%) Azure Active Directory
11 11 (0.67%) GitHub
11 11 (0.67%) Google Analytics
12 10 (0.61%) Azure Data Factory
13 9 (0.55%) Amazon EC2
14 8 (0.49%) OneDrive
15 6 (0.36%) Asana
15 6 (0.36%) Boomi
15 6 (0.36%) PowerApps
16 5 (0.30%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 131 (7.96%) Firewall
2 110 (6.68%) Network Security
3 52 (3.16%) DNS
4 44 (2.67%) Internet
5 38 (2.31%) WAN
6 31 (1.88%) DHCP
6 31 (1.88%) VoIP
6 31 (1.88%) VPN
7 28 (1.70%) LAN
8 26 (1.58%) Intrusion Detection
9 25 (1.52%) SAN
10 22 (1.34%) SSL
10 22 (1.34%) VLAN
11 21 (1.28%) Cisco IPT
11 21 (1.28%) IP Telephony
11 21 (1.28%) Wi-Fi
12 18 (1.09%) TCP/IP
13 17 (1.03%) IPsec
14 13 (0.79%) Skype
15 11 (0.67%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 160 (9.72%) SQL Server
2 69 (4.19%) Data Warehouse
3 61 (3.71%) Big Data
4 49 (2.98%) Power BI
5 38 (2.31%) MySQL
6 35 (2.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 31 (1.88%) NoSQL
8 29 (1.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 28 (1.70%) Relational Database
10 22 (1.34%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 20 (1.22%) PostgreSQL
12 19 (1.15%) Oracle Database
13 18 (1.09%) Cosmos DB
14 17 (1.03%) SQL Server 2008
15 16 (0.97%) QlikView
16 15 (0.91%) MongoDB
17 13 (0.79%) Hadoop
18 12 (0.73%) Azure SQL Database
18 12 (0.73%) Oracle Reports
19 11 (0.67%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 62 (3.77%) Git (software)
2 37 (2.25%) JIRA
3 34 (2.07%) Team Foundation Server
4 33 (2.00%) Visual Studio
5 20 (1.22%) Selenium
6 13 (0.79%) Jenkins
6 13 (0.79%) TeamCity
7 11 (0.67%) Visual Studio Team System
8 8 (0.49%) Bitbucket
8 8 (0.49%) Protractor
9 6 (0.36%) Gradle
9 6 (0.36%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
9 6 (0.36%) Subversion
10 5 (0.30%) Rational DOORS
10 5 (0.30%) Rational Rhapsody
10 5 (0.30%) webpack
11 4 (0.24%) IDA Disassembler
11 4 (0.24%) Maven
11 4 (0.24%) SonarQube
11 4 (0.24%) Vagrant
General
1 308 (18.71%) Finance
2 164 (9.96%) Retail
3 134 (8.14%) Legal
4 99 (6.01%) Marketing
5 92 (5.59%) Law
6 86 (5.22%) Public Sector
7 58 (3.52%) Manufacturing
8 50 (3.04%) Banking
9 36 (2.19%) Telecoms
10 31 (1.88%) Advertising
11 19 (1.15%) Publishing
12 15 (0.91%) Investment Banking
13 14 (0.85%) Games
14 12 (0.73%) Financial Institution
15 11 (0.67%) Back Office
16 8 (0.49%) Housing Association
16 8 (0.49%) Military
17 7 (0.43%) Aerospace
18 5 (0.30%) Italian Language
19 4 (0.24%) German Language
Job Titles
1 260 (15.80%) Analyst
2 166 (10.09%) Consultant
3 156 (9.48%) Architect
4 120 (7.29%) Security Analyst
5 112 (6.80%) Security Manager
6 110 (6.68%) Security Consultant
7 103 (6.26%) Developer
8 92 (5.59%) IT Manager
9 90 (5.47%) Security Architect
10 79 (4.80%) Data Manager
11 76 (4.62%) Information Analyst
11 76 (4.62%) Information Security Analyst
12 69 (4.19%) Security Officer
13 66 (4.01%) Project Manager
14 65 (3.95%) Information Security Manager
15 64 (3.89%) Information Manager
16 49 (2.98%) Data Analyst
17 47 (2.86%) Senior Manager
18 45 (2.73%) Head of Security
19 44 (2.67%) Information Security Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 106 (6.44%) .NET
2 76 (4.62%) HTML
3 60 (3.65%) AngularJS
4 58 (3.52%) CSS
5 50 (3.04%) Web Services
6 40 (2.43%) REST
7 36 (2.19%) HTML5
8 34 (2.07%) React
9 30 (1.82%) ASP.NET
10 29 (1.76%) jQuery
10 29 (1.76%) JSON
11 28 (1.70%) XML
12 24 (1.46%) SailPoint
13 22 (1.34%) .NET Framework
14 21 (1.28%) OAuth
14 21 (1.28%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 18 (1.09%) Node.js
16 15 (0.91%) CSS3
16 15 (0.91%) XSD
16 15 (0.91%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 233 (14.16%) Management Information System
2 223 (13.55%) Analytical Skills
3 169 (10.27%) Data Protection Act
4 102 (6.20%) Self-Motivation
5 43 (2.61%) User Experience
6 37 (2.25%) Data Centre
7 36 (2.19%) Mobile App
8 35 (2.13%) Public Cloud
9 34 (2.07%) Driving Licence
9 34 (2.07%) PKI
10 23 (1.40%) Greenfield Project
10 23 (1.40%) Social Media
11 22 (1.34%) Blog
12 17 (1.03%) Data Structures
12 17 (1.03%) Security Operations Centre
13 16 (0.97%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 12 (0.73%) Cyberthreat
15 11 (0.67%) Virtual Team
16 10 (0.61%) Hybrid Cloud
16 10 (0.61%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 197 (11.97%) Windows
2 101 (6.14%) Linux
3 85 (5.16%) Windows Server
4 67 (4.07%) Unix
5 40 (2.43%) Windows 10
6 31 (1.88%) Windows Server 2012
7 29 (1.76%) Windows Server 2008
8 26 (1.58%) Apple iOS
9 23 (1.40%) Android
10 16 (0.97%) HPUX
10 16 (0.97%) Solaris
11 15 (0.91%) Mac OS
12 10 (0.61%) Windows 7
13 5 (0.30%) Windows 8
14 4 (0.24%) CentOS
14 4 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 3 (0.18%) OS/400
15 3 (0.18%) Ubuntu
16 2 (0.12%) AIX
16 2 (0.12%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 532 (32.32%) Information Security
2 414 (25.15%) Data Protection
3 347 (21.08%) Agile Software Development
4 346 (21.02%) Cybersecurity
5 222 (13.49%) Problem-Solving
6 213 (12.94%) Stakeholder Management
7 203 (12.33%) Project Management
8 193 (11.73%) ITIL
9 191 (11.60%) Risk Management
10 142 (8.63%) Security Architecture
11 140 (8.51%) DevOps
12 138 (8.38%) Data Management
13 137 (8.32%) Analytics
14 135 (8.20%) Data Security
15 133 (8.08%) Business Intelligence
16 126 (7.65%) Security Management
17 123 (7.47%) SIEM
18 119 (7.23%) Data Privacy
19 109 (6.62%) Change Management
20 108 (6.56%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 211 (12.82%) SQL
2 99 (6.01%) C#
3 96 (5.83%) Java
4 91 (5.53%) JavaScript
5 52 (3.16%) PowerShell
6 50 (3.04%) C
6 50 (3.04%) Python
7 31 (1.88%) T-SQL
8 26 (1.58%) PHP
9 19 (1.15%) R
10 18 (1.09%) Scala
11 14 (0.85%) Bash Shell
12 13 (0.79%) Perl
13 12 (0.73%) Bourne shell
13 12 (0.73%) C-shell
13 12 (0.73%) Korn
14 11 (0.67%) TypeScript
15 10 (0.61%) Java 8
16 9 (0.55%) VB
16 9 (0.55%) VBA
Qualifications
1 276 (16.77%) Degree
2 271 (16.46%) CISSP
3 234 (14.22%) CISM
4 97 (5.89%) CISA
5 76 (4.62%) Security Cleared
6 64 (3.89%) Cisco Certification
7 52 (3.16%) CRISC
8 40 (2.43%) Microsoft Certification
9 36 (2.19%) SC Cleared
10 35 (2.13%) GIAC
10 35 (2.13%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
11 32 (1.94%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 32 (1.94%) Postgraduate
12 25 (1.52%) CEH
13 24 (1.46%) PMP
14 23 (1.40%) CCNA
15 21 (1.28%) CCSP
15 21 (1.28%) Master's Degree
16 20 (1.22%) CISMP
17 19 (1.15%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 535 (32.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 300 (18.23%) PCI DSS
3 166 (10.09%) NIST
4 106 (6.44%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 97 (5.89%) Data Quality
6 89 (5.41%) Cyber Essentials
7 75 (4.56%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 71 (4.31%) COBIT
9 56 (3.40%) QA
10 52 (3.16%) ISO 22301
10 52 (3.16%) SLA
11 33 (2.00%) ISO 9001
12 21 (1.28%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 18 (1.09%) MiFID
14 17 (1.03%) EMIR
15 15 (0.91%) HIPAA
16 14 (0.85%) Solvency II
17 12 (0.73%) NCSC
17 12 (0.73%) PMO
17 12 (0.73%) PSD2
System Software
1 128 (7.78%) Active Directory
2 46 (2.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (1.64%) Hyper-V
4 26 (1.58%) Docker
5 15 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (0.61%) BitLocker
7 9 (0.55%) HDFS
8 8 (0.49%) XenApp
8 8 (0.49%) XenDesktop
9 7 (0.43%) Firmware
10 6 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
11 4 (0.24%) Snort
12 3 (0.18%) ISA Server
13 2 (0.12%) vSphere
14 1 (0.061%) Apache Flume
14 1 (0.061%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.061%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 38 (2.31%) SCCM
2 27 (1.64%) Kubernetes
2 27 (1.64%) Single Sign-On
3 26 (1.58%) Microsoft Intune
4 25 (1.52%) Terraform
5 19 (1.15%) IBM Guardium
6 17 (1.03%) SCOM
7 12 (0.73%) Puppet
8 9 (0.55%) Ansible
9 8 (0.49%) Nessus
10 6 (0.36%) CSIRT
10 6 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
10 6 (0.36%) Jamf Pro
10 6 (0.36%) WSUS
11 5 (0.30%) CASB
11 5 (0.30%) SCVMM
12 4 (0.24%) FortiGate
12 4 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
12 4 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
12 4 (0.24%) QRadar
Vendors
1 336 (20.41%) Microsoft
2 126 (7.65%) Oracle
3 80 (4.86%) VMware
4 70 (4.25%) Cisco
5 63 (3.83%) IBM
6 59 (3.58%) Salesforce.com
7 49 (2.98%) Google
8 47 (2.86%) SAP
9 45 (2.73%) Citrix
10 29 (1.76%) Informatica
11 25 (1.52%) Imperva
12 24 (1.46%) Adobe
12 24 (1.46%) Tableau
13 23 (1.40%) Symantec
13 23 (1.40%) Varonis
14 22 (1.34%) McAfee
15 21 (1.28%) ServiceNow
16 20 (1.22%) CA Agile Central
17 19 (1.15%) Forcepoint
18 16 (0.97%) HP