Period
to 13 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 209 372 1110
Rank change year-on-year +163 +738 +187
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 2,659 1,536 118
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.66% 0.85% 0.064%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 12.31% 6.82% 0.50%
Number of salaries quoted 1,730 1,316 84
UK median annual salary £52,500 £60,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -12.50% -4.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £36,250 £39,250
90th Percentile £83,750 £86,250 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -5.00% -9.09% -

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 21,608 22,522 23,666
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.53% 12.53% 12.80%
Number of salaries quoted 16,141 17,022 18,736
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing GDPR.

Salary trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +168 2,526 £52,500 -12.50% 421
UK excluding London +236 1,714 £47,500 -5.00% 319
London +65 877 £62,500 -7.41% 119
Midlands +225 501 £47,500 +5.56% 51
North of England +144 486 £45,000 -14.29% 112
West Midlands +191 437 £47,500 +5.56% 32
South East +170 418 £50,250 +5.79% 81
North West +146 335 £46,250 -7.50% 71
South West +97 152 £45,000 -10.00% 32
Yorkshire +55 120 £45,000 -18.18% 28
East of England +58 99 £47,500 -17.39% 26
East Midlands +59 66 £45,000 +5.88% 19
Scotland +12 42 £55,000 +37.50% 9
North East +13 31 £47,500 -13.64% 13
Wales +13 27 £42,500 +6.25% 7
Northern Ireland -5 8 £45,000 -18.18% 1

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 1,204 (45.28%) Data Protection
2 883 (33.21%) Information Security
3 776 (29.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 711 (26.74%) Finance
5 597 (22.45%) Microsoft
6 543 (20.42%) CISSP
7 521 (19.59%) ITIL
8 514 (19.33%) PCI DSS
9 512 (19.26%) Windows
10 431 (16.21%) Agile Software Development
11 415 (15.61%) Cybersecurity
12 401 (15.08%) Management Information System
13 387 (14.55%) SQL
14 361 (13.58%) Project Management
15 354 (13.31%) Data Centre
16 343 (12.90%) Degree
17 324 (12.19%) CISM
18 321 (12.07%) Stakeholder Management
19 314 (11.81%) SIEM
20 312 (11.73%) Risk Management
21 307 (11.55%) Legal
22 306 (11.51%) Linux
23 304 (11.43%) Microsoft Azure
24 288 (10.83%) Analytical Skills
25 285 (10.72%) Firewall
26 279 (10.49%) Network Security
27 272 (10.23%) VMware
28 267 (10.04%) Penetration Testing
29 265 (9.97%) Business Continuity
30 250 (9.40%) Amazon AWS

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (3.84%) SharePoint
2 55 (2.07%) Apache
3 41 (1.54%) Tomcat
4 32 (1.20%) SAS
5 29 (1.09%) Confluence
6 24 (0.90%) MS Exchange
7 21 (0.79%) IIS
7 21 (0.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 20 (0.75%) Apache Spark
9 18 (0.68%) Apache Solr
10 13 (0.49%) Elasticsearch
10 13 (0.49%) Skype for Business
11 11 (0.41%) SharePoint Server
12 10 (0.38%) CMS
13 9 (0.34%) nginx
14 8 (0.30%) SharePoint 2010
14 8 (0.30%) SharePoint 2013
15 7 (0.26%) IBM Notes
15 7 (0.26%) JBoss
15 7 (0.26%) WebSphere
Applications
1 203 (7.63%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 167 (6.28%) Microsoft Excel
3 156 (5.87%) Microsoft Office
4 50 (1.88%) MS Visio
5 16 (0.60%) Microsoft Project
6 12 (0.45%) Photoshop
7 11 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.15%) SPSS
8 4 (0.15%) Stata
9 2 (0.075%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 2 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.075%) HipChat
10 1 (0.038%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 33 (1.24%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.38%) NetSuite
3 8 (0.30%) Temenos T24
4 7 (0.26%) SAP ERP
5 5 (0.19%) FastStats
6 4 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.15%) SAP CRM
6 4 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
7 3 (0.11%) Eloqua
7 3 (0.11%) RiskWrite
7 3 (0.11%) Sage CRM
7 3 (0.11%) Sentinel
8 2 (0.075%) Adobe Campaign
8 2 (0.075%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.075%) Raiser's Edge
8 2 (0.075%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.075%) SAP HR
8 2 (0.075%) SAP Payroll
8 2 (0.075%) Shopify
8 2 (0.075%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 304 (11.43%) Microsoft Azure
2 250 (9.40%) Amazon AWS
3 176 (6.62%) Office 365
4 136 (5.11%) SaaS
5 50 (1.88%) PaaS
6 44 (1.65%) IaaS
7 42 (1.58%) Serverless
8 29 (1.09%) AWS Lambda
9 28 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
10 27 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
10 27 (1.02%) Amazon S3
11 26 (0.98%) Google Cloud Platform
12 25 (0.94%) AWS CloudFormation
13 23 (0.86%) Google Analytics
14 21 (0.79%) Azure Active Directory
15 17 (0.64%) Amazon Kinesis
15 17 (0.64%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 16 (0.60%) DigitalOcean
16 16 (0.60%) Dynamics 365
17 13 (0.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 285 (10.72%) Firewall
2 279 (10.49%) Network Security
3 141 (5.30%) Wi-Fi
4 132 (4.96%) DNS
5 79 (2.97%) WAN
6 71 (2.67%) DHCP
7 70 (2.63%) LAN
8 65 (2.44%) Internet
9 53 (1.99%) TCP/IP
10 50 (1.88%) VPN
11 47 (1.77%) VoIP
12 46 (1.73%) HTTP
12 46 (1.73%) Intrusion Detection
13 38 (1.43%) Cisco ASA
14 36 (1.35%) SSL
15 35 (1.32%) Wireless
16 31 (1.17%) SAN
17 27 (1.02%) Intranet
18 23 (0.86%) Cisco PIX
19 21 (0.79%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 247 (9.29%) SQL Server
2 122 (4.59%) Data Warehouse
3 109 (4.10%) Big Data
4 79 (2.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 79 (2.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 76 (2.86%) MySQL
6 70 (2.63%) Power BI
7 62 (2.33%) Relational Database
8 49 (1.84%) NoSQL
9 48 (1.81%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 43 (1.62%) Hadoop
11 32 (1.20%) Oracle Reports
12 31 (1.17%) SQL Server 2016
13 28 (1.05%) MongoDB
14 25 (0.94%) Redis
15 24 (0.90%) Amazon RDS
16 23 (0.86%) SQL Server 2012
17 19 (0.71%) Amazon Aurora
18 18 (0.68%) Couchbase
19 14 (0.53%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 92 (3.46%) Git (software)
2 83 (3.12%) JIRA
3 66 (2.48%) Visual Studio
4 62 (2.33%) Subversion
5 49 (1.84%) Team Foundation Server
6 33 (1.24%) Visual Studio Team System
7 30 (1.13%) Jenkins
8 28 (1.05%) Bitbucket
9 22 (0.83%) TeamCity
10 20 (0.75%) ER Studio
10 20 (0.75%) ERwin
11 16 (0.60%) Hudson
12 15 (0.56%) Maven
13 9 (0.34%) Selenium
14 7 (0.26%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 6 (0.23%) Gradle
15 6 (0.23%) gulp
15 6 (0.23%) webpack
16 5 (0.19%) Burp Suite
16 5 (0.19%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 711 (26.74%) Finance
2 307 (11.55%) Legal
3 206 (7.75%) Retail
4 142 (5.34%) Marketing
5 133 (5.00%) Banking
6 122 (4.59%) Law
7 62 (2.33%) Telecoms
8 60 (2.26%) Manufacturing
9 49 (1.84%) Advertising
10 34 (1.28%) Billing
11 33 (1.24%) Publishing
12 32 (1.20%) Back Office
13 29 (1.09%) Front Office
14 24 (0.90%) Financial Institution
14 24 (0.90%) Local Government
15 21 (0.79%) Games
16 18 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
17 16 (0.60%) Hindi Language
17 16 (0.60%) Punjabi Language
17 16 (0.60%) Urdu Language
Job Titles
1 479 (18.01%) Analyst
2 331 (12.45%) Architect
3 255 (9.59%) Security Analyst
4 237 (8.91%) Security Manager
5 165 (6.21%) Developer
6 153 (5.75%) IT Analyst
7 147 (5.53%) Information Manager
8 146 (5.49%) Consultant
9 140 (5.27%) Information Security Manager
9 140 (5.27%) Senior Analyst
10 139 (5.23%) IT Security Analyst
11 123 (4.63%) Project Manager
12 120 (4.51%) Senior Security Analyst
13 101 (3.80%) Senior IT Security Analyst
14 96 (3.61%) IT Manager
15 93 (3.50%) Service Manager
16 91 (3.42%) Security Officer
17 78 (2.93%) Security Consultant
17 78 (2.93%) Solutions Architect
18 75 (2.82%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 138 (5.19%) HTML
2 129 (4.85%) Web Services
3 126 (4.74%) .NET
4 115 (4.32%) CSS
5 72 (2.71%) AngularJS
6 69 (2.59%) React
7 64 (2.41%) Node.js
8 57 (2.14%) ASP.NET
9 46 (1.73%) HTML5
9 46 (1.73%) REST
10 45 (1.69%) jQuery
10 45 (1.69%) Spring
11 32 (1.20%) JSON
11 32 (1.20%) OAuth
12 28 (1.05%) Elastic Stack
13 27 (1.02%) SOAP
14 25 (0.94%) .NET Framework
15 23 (0.86%) Ajax
15 23 (0.86%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 22 (0.83%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 401 (15.08%) Management Information System
2 354 (13.31%) Data Centre
3 288 (10.83%) Analytical Skills
4 190 (7.15%) Self-Motivation
5 149 (5.60%) Data Protection Act
6 98 (3.69%) Cyber Kill Chain
7 58 (2.18%) Security Operations Centre
8 55 (2.07%) User Experience
9 39 (1.47%) CMDB
9 39 (1.47%) Hybrid Cloud
10 37 (1.39%) Greenfield Project
11 34 (1.28%) NHS
12 29 (1.09%) PKI
13 28 (1.05%) CESG
14 27 (1.02%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 27 (1.02%) Fintech
14 27 (1.02%) Public Cloud
15 26 (0.98%) IVR
16 24 (0.90%) Cyberthreat
16 24 (0.90%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 512 (19.26%) Windows
2 306 (11.51%) Linux
3 148 (5.57%) Windows Server
4 95 (3.57%) Unix
5 83 (3.12%) Windows 10
6 81 (3.05%) Windows Server 2008
7 65 (2.44%) Windows Server 2012
8 60 (2.26%) Windows 7
9 30 (1.13%) Android
10 29 (1.09%) Windows Server 2003
11 22 (0.83%) Apple iOS
12 15 (0.56%) Windows 8
13 11 (0.41%) Ubuntu
14 9 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 8 (0.30%) Debian
16 6 (0.23%) CentOS
16 6 (0.23%) Mac OS
17 5 (0.19%) Windows NT
18 4 (0.15%) Kali Linux
19 3 (0.11%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,204 (45.28%) Data Protection
2 883 (33.21%) Information Security
3 521 (19.59%) ITIL
4 431 (16.21%) Agile Software Development
5 415 (15.61%) Cybersecurity
6 361 (13.58%) Project Management
7 321 (12.07%) Stakeholder Management
8 314 (11.81%) SIEM
9 312 (11.73%) Risk Management
10 267 (10.04%) Penetration Testing
11 265 (9.97%) Business Continuity
12 249 (9.36%) Disaster Recovery
13 238 (8.95%) Continuous Improvement
14 233 (8.76%) Problem-Solving
15 231 (8.69%) Presales
16 230 (8.65%) Service Delivery
17 224 (8.42%) Vulnerability Management
18 221 (8.31%) Mentoring
19 214 (8.05%) Due Diligence
20 196 (7.37%) Data Privacy
Programming Languages
1 387 (14.55%) SQL
2 171 (6.43%) JavaScript
3 136 (5.11%) Java
4 106 (3.99%) PowerShell
5 84 (3.16%) PHP
6 80 (3.01%) Python
7 77 (2.90%) T-SQL
8 74 (2.78%) C#
9 36 (1.35%) Bash Shell
9 36 (1.35%) VBScript
10 35 (1.32%) Shell Script
11 33 (1.24%) C
12 32 (1.20%) Perl
13 23 (0.86%) Ruby
14 22 (0.83%) VBA
15 21 (0.79%) C++
15 21 (0.79%) R
16 18 (0.68%) Bourne shell
16 18 (0.68%) C-shell
16 18 (0.68%) Korn
Qualifications
1 543 (20.42%) CISSP
2 343 (12.90%) Degree
3 324 (12.19%) CISM
4 183 (6.88%) Security Cleared
5 177 (6.66%) CISA
6 133 (5.00%) SANS
7 129 (4.85%) CREST Certified
8 112 (4.21%) ISEB
9 109 (4.10%) Microsoft Certification
10 103 (3.87%) Computer Science Degree
11 97 (3.65%) MCSE
12 89 (3.35%) SC Cleared
13 71 (2.67%) Cisco Certification
13 71 (2.67%) ITIL Certification
14 66 (2.48%) CEH
14 66 (2.48%) CRISC
15 54 (2.03%) MCP
16 40 (1.50%) PMI Certification
17 37 (1.39%) CCNA
18 34 (1.28%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 776 (29.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 514 (19.33%) PCI DSS
3 188 (7.07%) Cyber Essentials
4 132 (4.96%) SLA
5 91 (3.42%) COBIT
6 68 (2.56%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 63 (2.37%) QA
8 57 (2.14%) Data Quality
9 47 (1.77%) Solvency II
10 45 (1.69%) PMO
11 41 (1.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 37 (1.39%) MiFID
13 33 (1.24%) HIPAA
14 32 (1.20%) ISO 22301
15 23 (0.86%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 22 (0.83%) ISO 9001
17 21 (0.79%) FATCA
18 20 (0.75%) Dodd-Frank
18 20 (0.75%) IFRS
19 19 (0.71%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 207 (7.78%) VMware Infrastructure
2 204 (7.67%) Active Directory
3 82 (3.08%) Hyper-V
4 77 (2.90%) Docker
5 43 (1.62%) XenApp
6 36 (1.35%) Snort
7 29 (1.09%) Virtual Machines
8 25 (0.94%) VMware ESXi
9 18 (0.68%) DFS Replication
10 15 (0.56%) Microsoft App-V
10 15 (0.56%) XenDesktop
11 11 (0.41%) vSphere
12 7 (0.26%) Virtual Desktop
13 5 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
14 4 (0.15%) Firmware
15 3 (0.11%) HDFS
15 3 (0.11%) PowerHA
16 1 (0.038%) KVM
16 1 (0.038%) vCloud
16 1 (0.038%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 66 (2.48%) SCCM
2 53 (1.99%) Ansible
3 36 (1.35%) Puppet
4 34 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
5 26 (0.98%) SCOM
6 23 (0.86%) OSSEC
7 22 (0.83%) Microsoft Intune
7 22 (0.83%) Terraform
8 21 (0.79%) Kubernetes
9 19 (0.71%) WSUS
10 17 (0.64%) Nagios
11 16 (0.60%) Nessus
12 15 (0.56%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
13 14 (0.53%) SCVMM
14 13 (0.49%) Forefront Identity Manager
14 13 (0.49%) SCOrch
15 9 (0.34%) Norton AntiVirus
16 7 (0.26%) AirWatch
16 7 (0.26%) Tivoli
16 7 (0.26%) vRealize
Vendors
1 597 (22.45%) Microsoft
2 272 (10.23%) VMware
3 231 (8.69%) Cisco
4 134 (5.04%) Oracle
5 122 (4.59%) Citrix
6 66 (2.48%) HP
7 57 (2.14%) Google
8 53 (1.99%) ServiceNow
9 52 (1.96%) IBM
10 50 (1.88%) SolarWinds
11 49 (1.84%) SAP
12 44 (1.65%) Splunk
13 42 (1.58%) CheckPoint
13 42 (1.58%) NetApp
14 39 (1.47%) Symantec
15 38 (1.43%) EMC
15 38 (1.43%) Tableau
16 31 (1.17%) Ivanti
17 24 (0.90%) Dell
18 22 (0.83%) Apple