Period
to 3 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 3 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
3 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 249 196 274
Rank change year-on-year -53 +78 +674
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 1,489 2,625 2,156
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.28% 1.77% 1.22%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 10.39% 12.65% 9.54%
Number of salaries quoted 1,176 1,608 1,914
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% -12.50% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £36,750
90th Percentile £88,125 £87,500 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - -9.09% +22.22%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 14,331 20,755 22,596
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.29% 14.00% 12.76%
Number of salaries quoted 10,988 15,063 17,572
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £28,750 £27,625 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,944
% change year-on-year - +2.40% +7.18%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Salary trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 3 April 2020.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 3 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -54 1,394 £55,000 +4.76% 296
UK excluding London -73 837 £50,000 - 233
London -10 610 £60,000 -4.00% 84
South East -51 254 £55,000 +10.00% 58
North of England -21 239 £47,500 -8.46% 93
Midlands -105 161 £51,000 +2.00% 29
North West -39 144 £44,000 -16.19% 43
West Midlands -103 103 £52,500 +5.00% 21
Yorkshire +32 84 £50,000 +2.56% 44
South West +4 77 £45,000 - 12
Work from Home -31 66 £55,000 -6.38% 14
East Midlands -13 57 £48,000 -1.03% 8
East of England +23 52 £47,500 -9.52% 20
Scotland +29 40 £40,000 -23.81% 14
Wales -19 15 £52,500 +10.53% 7
North East -4 11 £37,050 -38.25% 6
Northern Ireland +17 3 £30,000 -40.00%

For the 6 months to 3 April 2020, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 588 (39.49%) Information Security
2 572 (38.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 346 (23.24%) Finance
4 344 (23.10%) Data Protection
5 333 (22.36%) Cybersecurity
6 314 (21.09%) CISSP
7 291 (19.54%) PCI DSS
8 274 (18.40%) Agile Software Development
9 256 (17.19%) Firewall
10 255 (17.13%) Azure
11 254 (17.06%) Microsoft
12 248 (16.66%) Risk Management
13 243 (16.32%) CISM
14 232 (15.58%) Windows
15 222 (14.91%) SQL
16 204 (13.70%) Degree
17 191 (12.83%) Legal
18 181 (12.16%) SIEM
19 172 (11.55%) AWS
20 170 (11.42%) Management Information System
21 159 (10.68%) Project Management
21 159 (10.68%) NIST
22 156 (10.48%) Business Intelligence
23 150 (10.07%) ITIL
23 150 (10.07%) Penetration Testing
24 148 (9.94%) Data Privacy
25 145 (9.74%) SQL Server
26 139 (9.34%) Analytics
27 137 (9.20%) Stakeholder Management
27 137 (9.20%) Linux

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (2.82%) SharePoint
2 31 (2.08%) Apache Spark
3 17 (1.14%) IIS
4 16 (1.07%) JBoss
5 12 (0.81%) CMS
5 12 (0.81%) Confluence
5 12 (0.81%) Elasticsearch
6 11 (0.74%) MS Exchange
6 11 (0.74%) SAS
7 10 (0.67%) OpenStack
8 7 (0.47%) Apache
8 7 (0.47%) EPiServer
9 6 (0.40%) Exchange Server 2013
10 5 (0.34%) Oracle Coherence
10 5 (0.34%) SharePoint 2010
10 5 (0.34%) WordPress
11 3 (0.20%) Apache Airflow
11 3 (0.20%) Drupal
12 2 (0.13%) Tomcat
13 1 (0.067%) Documentum
Applications
1 64 (4.30%) Microsoft Office
2 55 (3.69%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (0.87%) Microsoft Project
4 11 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.74%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.27%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.067%) AutoCAD
7 1 (0.067%) Revit
7 1 (0.067%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 17 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.94%) Dynamics NAV
3 6 (0.40%) Infor SunSystems
4 5 (0.34%) Eloqua
4 5 (0.34%) iTrent
4 5 (0.34%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 4 (0.27%) Adobe Campaign
5 4 (0.27%) FastStats
5 4 (0.27%) Oracle Payroll
5 4 (0.27%) Raiser's Edge
5 4 (0.27%) SAP Payroll
5 4 (0.27%) Unica
5 4 (0.27%) Workday HCM
6 2 (0.13%) Elite 3E
6 2 (0.13%) OPENHousing
6 2 (0.13%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
7 1 (0.067%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.067%) SAP SD
7 1 (0.067%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 255 (17.13%) Azure
2 172 (11.55%) AWS
3 119 (7.99%) Office 365
4 83 (5.57%) Power Platform
5 65 (4.37%) SaaS
6 44 (2.96%) GCP
7 40 (2.69%) PaaS
8 33 (2.22%) IaaS
9 25 (1.68%) Azure Active Directory
10 20 (1.34%) Dynamics 365
11 18 (1.21%) Cloud Computing
12 16 (1.07%) Amazon S3
12 16 (1.07%) OpenShift
13 15 (1.01%) Serverless
14 14 (0.94%) Mimecast
14 14 (0.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 13 (0.87%) Amazon EC2
16 12 (0.81%) GitHub
17 11 (0.74%) Amazon Kinesis
17 11 (0.74%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 256 (17.19%) Firewall
2 92 (6.18%) Network Security
3 56 (3.76%) DNS
4 47 (3.16%) LAN
5 39 (2.62%) Intrusion Detection
6 35 (2.35%) WAN
7 33 (2.22%) VPN
8 31 (2.08%) VoIP
9 30 (2.01%) Internet
10 29 (1.95%) TCP/IP
11 25 (1.68%) Wi-Fi
12 23 (1.54%) Wireless
13 22 (1.48%) DHCP
14 21 (1.41%) SAN
15 15 (1.01%) Broadband
16 14 (0.94%) VLAN
17 13 (0.87%) Cisco ASA
17 13 (0.87%) SSL
18 12 (0.81%) NAS
19 11 (0.74%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 145 (9.74%) SQL Server
2 74 (4.97%) Power BI
3 65 (4.37%) Relational Database
4 52 (3.49%) Data Warehouse
5 44 (2.96%) Big Data
6 41 (2.75%) MySQL
7 36 (2.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 35 (2.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 25 (1.68%) NoSQL
10 21 (1.41%) Hadoop
11 20 (1.34%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 18 (1.21%) Data Lake
13 15 (1.01%) Azure SQL Database
13 15 (1.01%) PostgreSQL
14 13 (0.87%) Amazon Redshift
14 13 (0.87%) BigQuery
15 12 (0.81%) Apache Hive
15 12 (0.81%) QlikView
16 10 (0.67%) GIS
16 10 (0.67%) Qlik Sense
Development Applications
1 53 (3.56%) Visual Studio
2 39 (2.62%) JIRA
3 37 (2.48%) Team Foundation Server
4 28 (1.88%) Git (software)
5 12 (0.81%) SoapUI
6 11 (0.74%) Jenkins
7 9 (0.60%) Visual Studio Team System
8 8 (0.54%) Subversion
9 7 (0.47%) ERwin
9 7 (0.47%) WinDbg
10 6 (0.40%) Rational DOORS
10 6 (0.40%) Rational Rhapsody
10 6 (0.40%) Selenium
11 4 (0.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 4 (0.27%) Bazaar
11 4 (0.27%) Bitbucket
11 4 (0.27%) git-flow
11 4 (0.27%) Metasploit
11 4 (0.27%) Moq
11 4 (0.27%) PHPUnit
General
1 346 (23.24%) Finance
2 191 (12.83%) Legal
3 105 (7.05%) Law
4 103 (6.92%) Retail
5 84 (5.64%) Marketing
6 55 (3.69%) Manufacturing
7 46 (3.09%) Public Sector
8 35 (2.35%) Banking
9 33 (2.22%) Advertising
10 32 (2.15%) Telecoms
11 19 (1.28%) Aerospace
12 15 (1.01%) Financial Institution
12 15 (1.01%) Games
13 8 (0.54%) Automotive
13 8 (0.54%) Military
14 7 (0.47%) Housing Association
15 6 (0.40%) Electronics
16 5 (0.34%) Billing
17 3 (0.20%) French Language
17 3 (0.20%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 256 (17.19%) Analyst
2 138 (9.27%) Security Analyst
3 136 (9.13%) Architect
4 126 (8.46%) Developer
5 116 (7.79%) Security Manager
6 88 (5.91%) Information Manager
7 84 (5.64%) Consultant
8 83 (5.57%) Security Engineer
9 82 (5.51%) IT Manager
10 75 (5.04%) Information Security Manager
10 75 (5.04%) Security Architect
11 72 (4.84%) Information Analyst
11 72 (4.84%) Information Security Analyst
12 68 (4.57%) Security Officer
13 62 (4.16%) Information Officer
14 58 (3.90%) Information Security Officer
15 57 (3.83%) Project Manager
16 56 (3.76%) Software Developer
17 55 (3.69%) Security Consultant
18 51 (3.43%) IT Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 103 (6.92%) .NET
2 69 (4.63%) HTML
3 61 (4.10%) CSS
4 47 (3.16%) Web Services
5 45 (3.02%) .NET Framework
6 38 (2.55%) jQuery
7 37 (2.48%) AngularJS
8 36 (2.42%) Entity Framework
9 35 (2.35%) REST
10 34 (2.28%) ASP.NET
10 34 (2.28%) XML
11 31 (2.08%) SOAP
12 29 (1.95%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 28 (1.88%) HTML5
14 27 (1.81%) CSS3
15 24 (1.61%) Kafka
16 23 (1.54%) ADO.NET
16 23 (1.54%) WinForms
17 21 (1.41%) Middleware
18 17 (1.14%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 170 (11.42%) Management Information System
2 126 (8.46%) Analytical Skills
3 113 (7.59%) Data Protection Act
4 83 (5.57%) Self-Motivation
5 50 (3.36%) Greenfield Project
6 41 (2.75%) Data Centre
7 33 (2.22%) Cyberthreat
8 24 (1.61%) Cloud Native
9 23 (1.54%) Virtual Team
10 22 (1.48%) Blog
10 22 (1.48%) Public Cloud
11 21 (1.41%) Data Structures
11 21 (1.41%) Reinsurance
12 19 (1.28%) Driving Licence
12 19 (1.28%) User Experience
13 16 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
14 15 (1.01%) Hybrid Cloud
14 15 (1.01%) Mobile App
14 15 (1.01%) Security Operations Centre
15 13 (0.87%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 232 (15.58%) Windows
2 137 (9.20%) Linux
3 103 (6.92%) Windows Server
4 59 (3.96%) Unix
5 42 (2.82%) Windows Server 2016
6 41 (2.75%) Windows 10
6 41 (2.75%) Windows Server 2012
7 29 (1.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 18 (1.21%) Windows Server 2008
9 12 (0.81%) Apple iOS
9 12 (0.81%) Windows 7
10 10 (0.67%) Android
11 8 (0.54%) HPUX
12 7 (0.47%) AIX
12 7 (0.47%) Windows Server 2019
13 5 (0.34%) Solaris
14 4 (0.27%) CentOS
15 3 (0.20%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.20%) Mac OS X
16 2 (0.13%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 588 (39.49%) Information Security
2 344 (23.10%) Data Protection
3 333 (22.36%) Cybersecurity
4 274 (18.40%) Agile Software Development
5 248 (16.66%) Risk Management
6 181 (12.16%) SIEM
7 159 (10.68%) Project Management
8 156 (10.48%) Business Intelligence
9 150 (10.07%) ITIL
9 150 (10.07%) Penetration Testing
10 148 (9.94%) Data Privacy
11 139 (9.34%) Analytics
12 137 (9.20%) Stakeholder Management
13 125 (8.39%) Problem-Solving
14 119 (7.99%) Data Security
15 118 (7.92%) DevOps
16 97 (6.51%) Security Management
17 90 (6.04%) SDLC
18 89 (5.98%) Data Management
19 87 (5.84%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 222 (14.91%) SQL
2 110 (7.39%) Python
3 109 (7.32%) C#
4 92 (6.18%) PowerShell
5 78 (5.24%) JavaScript
6 49 (3.29%) T-SQL
7 40 (2.69%) Java
8 35 (2.35%) VB
9 28 (1.88%) C
9 28 (1.88%) VB.NET
10 27 (1.81%) C++
11 23 (1.54%) VB6
12 22 (1.48%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 15 (1.01%) VBScript
14 14 (0.94%) Bash Shell
15 12 (0.81%) Apex Code
15 12 (0.81%) Scala
16 11 (0.74%) PHP
16 11 (0.74%) R
17 10 (0.67%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 314 (21.09%) CISSP
2 243 (16.32%) CISM
3 204 (13.70%) Degree
4 134 (9.00%) Cisco Certification
5 117 (7.86%) CISA
6 87 (5.84%) Security Cleared
7 69 (4.63%) SC Cleared
8 49 (3.29%) CRISC
9 46 (3.09%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 36 (2.42%) CEH
11 29 (1.95%) CCNA
11 29 (1.95%) CISMP
12 27 (1.81%) CompTIA Security+
13 24 (1.61%) CCSP
14 22 (1.48%) SSCP
15 21 (1.41%) OSCP
16 20 (1.34%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
17 18 (1.21%) CHECK Team Leader
17 18 (1.21%) CHECK Team Member
17 18 (1.21%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 572 (38.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 291 (19.54%) PCI DSS
3 159 (10.68%) NIST
4 102 (6.85%) Cyber Essentials
5 67 (4.50%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 57 (3.83%) Data Quality
7 48 (3.22%) SLA
8 45 (3.02%) QA
9 37 (2.48%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 31 (2.08%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 27 (1.81%) COBIT
12 25 (1.68%) HIPAA
12 25 (1.68%) NIST 800
13 23 (1.54%) ISO 22301
14 21 (1.41%) ISO 9001
15 19 (1.28%) NCSC
16 12 (0.81%) MiFID
16 12 (0.81%) Solvency II
17 11 (0.74%) PSD2
18 9 (0.60%) ITGC
System Software
1 113 (7.59%) Active Directory
2 89 (5.98%) VMware Infrastructure
3 43 (2.89%) Docker
4 27 (1.81%) Hyper-V
5 16 (1.07%) vSphere
6 9 (0.60%) XenApp
7 7 (0.47%) HDFS
8 4 (0.27%) BitLocker
8 4 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.20%) DFS Replication
9 3 (0.20%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 2 (0.13%) Snort
10 2 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.13%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.067%) ACF2
11 1 (0.067%) Postfix
11 1 (0.067%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.067%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 36 (2.42%) Ansible
2 25 (1.68%) Terraform
3 21 (1.41%) Kubernetes
4 20 (1.34%) Puppet
5 18 (1.21%) Red Hat Satellite
6 17 (1.14%) Grafana
7 15 (1.01%) Microsoft Intune
8 14 (0.94%) Single Sign-On
9 13 (0.87%) Opscode Chef
10 10 (0.67%) Automic
10 10 (0.67%) Nagios
10 10 (0.67%) SCOM
11 9 (0.60%) SCCM
12 8 (0.54%) Kibana
13 7 (0.47%) CASB
14 6 (0.40%) HP Quality Center
15 5 (0.34%) Nessus
16 4 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
16 4 (0.27%) Network Intrusion Detection System
17 3 (0.20%) Host Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 254 (17.06%) Microsoft
2 112 (7.52%) VMware
3 80 (5.37%) Cisco
4 64 (4.30%) Oracle
5 56 (3.76%) Citrix
6 50 (3.36%) Salesforce.com
7 46 (3.09%) Google
8 36 (2.42%) HP
9 28 (1.88%) Informatica
10 26 (1.75%) IBM
11 25 (1.68%) Meraki
12 24 (1.61%) Tableau
12 24 (1.61%) Xamarin
13 23 (1.54%) Pardot
13 23 (1.54%) SAP
14 21 (1.41%) Red Hat
15 18 (1.21%) Databricks
16 16 (1.07%) Splunk
17 15 (1.01%) Adobe
17 15 (1.01%) Veeam