Period
to 1 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 1 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
1 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 234 271 245
Rank change year-on-year +37 -26 +236
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 680 1,704 2,353
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.42% 1.21% 1.42%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 11.87% 9.13% 10.82%
Number of salaries quoted 528 1,353 1,821
Median annual salary £55,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.91% - -8.33%
10th Percentile £35,500 £32,625 £32,500
90th Percentile £89,125 £87,500 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £53,012 £51,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +3.95% +7.37% -5.00%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 5,727 18,670 21,752
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.92% 13.31% 13.14%
Number of salaries quoted 4,432 13,835 16,528
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,750 £28,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Salary trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 1 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +36 658 £56,750 +3.18% 194
UK excluding London +62 369 £53,012 +3.95% 149
London +51 288 £65,000 +8.33% 58
South East +94 121 £53,750 -6.52% 33
North of England +58 96 £53,012 +6.02% 47
Midlands +66 86 £52,000 +20.93% 30
West Midlands +90 76 £53,750 +26.47% 24
North West +26 60 £53,500 +4.90% 19
Work from Home +26 58 £55,000 - 40
South West +127 47 £57,500 +20.17% 12
Yorkshire +109 33 £50,000 +6.38% 24
East of England +47 15 £43,000 -21.82% 14
East Midlands +31 10 £51,500 +14.44% 6
Wales +29 4 £29,500 -29.76% 4
Scotland +65 3 £53,750 -17.31% 9
North East +20 3 £47,500 +8.57% 4

For the 6 months to 1 October 2020, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 220 (32.35%) Information Security
2 209 (30.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 199 (29.26%) Microsoft
4 188 (27.65%) Azure
5 179 (26.32%) Windows
6 151 (22.21%) Agile Software Development
7 147 (21.62%) Finance
8 145 (21.32%) Cybersecurity
9 132 (19.41%) Data Protection
10 109 (16.03%) Firewall
11 108 (15.88%) Office 365
12 105 (15.44%) Management Information System
13 103 (15.15%) AWS
14 100 (14.71%) Degree
15 99 (14.56%) SQL
16 97 (14.26%) SQL Server
16 97 (14.26%) Analytical Skills
17 95 (13.97%) Linux
18 93 (13.68%) ITIL
19 92 (13.53%) Windows Server
20 91 (13.38%) Legal
21 88 (12.94%) CISSP
22 87 (12.79%) NIST
23 86 (12.65%) PowerShell
24 84 (12.35%) CISM
25 76 (11.18%) Active Directory
26 73 (10.74%) DevOps
27 71 (10.44%) Problem-Solving
28 67 (9.85%) PCI DSS
29 66 (9.71%) Project Management

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (9.41%) SharePoint
2 27 (3.97%) IIS
3 25 (3.68%) Apache
3 25 (3.68%) Apache Spark
4 19 (2.79%) CMS
5 14 (2.06%) Tomcat
6 7 (1.03%) EPiServer
7 5 (0.74%) Confluence
7 5 (0.74%) JBoss
7 5 (0.74%) nginx
7 5 (0.74%) WebLogic
8 4 (0.59%) MS Exchange
9 3 (0.44%) WebSphere
10 2 (0.29%) Umbraco
11 1 (0.15%) Apache Airflow
11 1 (0.15%) Apache Synapse
11 1 (0.15%) Elasticsearch
11 1 (0.15%) IBM Domino
11 1 (0.15%) IBM HTTP Server
11 1 (0.15%) SAS
Applications
1 52 (7.65%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (2.50%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (1.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.15%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 19 (2.79%) Dynamics NAV
2 16 (2.35%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (1.18%) Magento
4 5 (0.74%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.59%) Carpe Diem
5 4 (0.59%) Eloqua
6 3 (0.44%) SAP IS-U
7 2 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 1 (0.15%) Maximo
8 1 (0.15%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.15%) Relativity
8 1 (0.15%) SAP MM
8 1 (0.15%) SAP R/3
8 1 (0.15%) SAP Retail
8 1 (0.15%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 188 (27.65%) Azure
2 108 (15.88%) Office 365
3 103 (15.15%) AWS
4 46 (6.76%) IaaS
5 43 (6.32%) Power Platform
6 33 (4.85%) SaaS
7 25 (3.68%) PaaS
8 20 (2.94%) GCP
9 19 (2.79%) Dynamics 365
10 17 (2.50%) Azure Active Directory
11 16 (2.35%) Cloud Computing
12 15 (2.21%) OneDrive
13 14 (2.06%) OpenShift
13 14 (2.06%) PowerApps
13 14 (2.06%) Serverless
14 12 (1.76%) AWS Lambda
15 11 (1.62%) Azure Functions
16 9 (1.32%) Trello
17 7 (1.03%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
18 4 (0.59%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 109 (16.03%) Firewall
2 45 (6.62%) Intrusion Detection
3 43 (6.32%) DNS
3 43 (6.32%) VPN
4 30 (4.41%) Internet
5 26 (3.82%) Network Security
6 24 (3.53%) SSL
7 19 (2.79%) LAN
8 18 (2.65%) Wireless
9 17 (2.50%) WAN
10 16 (2.35%) Wi-Fi
11 11 (1.62%) DHCP
12 9 (1.32%) VoIP
13 8 (1.18%) Intranet
13 8 (1.18%) Kerberos
14 7 (1.03%) VLAN
15 6 (0.88%) Broadband
15 6 (0.88%) SAN
16 5 (0.74%) Cisco ASA
16 5 (0.74%) Wireless Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 97 (14.26%) SQL Server
2 37 (5.44%) Data Warehouse
3 31 (4.56%) Big Data
4 30 (4.41%) Power BI
4 30 (4.41%) Relational Database
4 30 (4.41%) SQL Server 2012
5 23 (3.38%) MySQL
6 22 (3.24%) RDBMS
7 17 (2.50%) NoSQL
8 15 (2.21%) MongoDB
8 15 (2.21%) Snowflake Schema
9 13 (1.91%) Hadoop
10 11 (1.62%) Apache Hive
10 11 (1.62%) Oracle Database
10 11 (1.62%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 10 (1.47%) Oracle Database 11g
11 10 (1.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 9 (1.32%) Apache Cassandra
12 9 (1.32%) Looker
12 9 (1.32%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 42 (6.18%) Git (software)
2 38 (5.59%) JIRA
3 11 (1.62%) Jenkins
4 9 (1.32%) Subversion
5 8 (1.18%) Team Foundation Server
6 6 (0.88%) Burp Suite
6 6 (0.88%) Metasploit
7 5 (0.74%) Oracle APEX
7 5 (0.74%) TestNG
8 4 (0.59%) Oracle Forms
8 4 (0.59%) Selenium
8 4 (0.59%) SonarQube
9 3 (0.44%) ERwin
10 2 (0.29%) Bitbucket
10 2 (0.29%) SoapUI
10 2 (0.29%) SpecFlow
11 1 (0.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 1 (0.15%) GoogleTest
11 1 (0.15%) IBM UrbanCode
11 1 (0.15%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 147 (21.62%) Finance
2 91 (13.38%) Legal
3 40 (5.88%) Marketing
4 33 (4.85%) Digital Economy
5 25 (3.68%) Retail
6 23 (3.38%) Law
7 22 (3.24%) Telecoms
8 13 (1.91%) Public Sector
9 11 (1.62%) Banking
10 9 (1.32%) Electronics
11 7 (1.03%) Games
12 4 (0.59%) Aerospace
12 4 (0.59%) Back Office
12 4 (0.59%) Financial Institution
12 4 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.44%) Automotive
13 3 (0.44%) French Language
13 3 (0.44%) Korean Language
13 3 (0.44%) Manufacturing
14 2 (0.29%) German Language
Job Titles
1 128 (18.82%) Analyst
2 50 (7.35%) Architect
3 47 (6.91%) Developer
4 46 (6.76%) Security Analyst
5 45 (6.62%) Security Manager
6 43 (6.32%) Security Engineer
7 41 (6.03%) Consultant
8 39 (5.74%) Information Manager
9 36 (5.29%) IT Analyst
10 32 (4.71%) IT Manager
11 29 (4.26%) Information Security Manager
12 28 (4.12%) Security Specialist
13 27 (3.97%) Support Analyst
14 24 (3.53%) Administrator
14 24 (3.53%) Security Consultant
15 23 (3.38%) IT Security Analyst
16 22 (3.24%) Applications Support
17 20 (2.94%) Applications Support Analyst
17 20 (2.94%) Security Architect
18 18 (2.65%) Information Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (5.74%) HTML
2 38 (5.59%) .NET
3 24 (3.53%) CSS
4 22 (3.24%) Web Services
5 16 (2.35%) XML
6 15 (2.21%) .NET Framework
6 15 (2.21%) LDAP
6 15 (2.21%) REST
6 15 (2.21%) SOAP
7 14 (2.06%) JSON
8 13 (1.91%) Middleware
9 11 (1.62%) YAML
10 9 (1.32%) ASP.NET Web API
10 9 (1.32%) jQuery
11 7 (1.03%) EDI
11 7 (1.03%) LAMP
11 7 (1.03%) Sass
12 6 (0.88%) AngularJS
12 6 (0.88%) ASP.NET
12 6 (0.88%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 105 (15.44%) Management Information System
2 97 (14.26%) Analytical Skills
3 42 (6.18%) Cyberthreat
3 42 (6.18%) PKI
4 38 (5.59%) Data Protection Act
5 33 (4.85%) Public Cloud
6 19 (2.79%) Cyberattack
7 18 (2.65%) Self-Motivation
8 16 (2.35%) Marketing Technology
9 15 (2.21%) Data Centre
10 13 (1.91%) User Experience
11 11 (1.62%) Linux Command Line
12 10 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
12 10 (1.47%) Mobile App
12 10 (1.47%) Video Conferencing
13 9 (1.32%) Cloud Native
14 8 (1.18%) NHS
15 7 (1.03%) Cyber Defence
15 7 (1.03%) Freedom of Information
15 7 (1.03%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 179 (26.32%) Windows
2 95 (13.97%) Linux
3 92 (13.53%) Windows Server
4 32 (4.71%) Unix
5 30 (4.41%) Windows Server 2012
6 26 (3.82%) Solaris
7 19 (2.79%) Windows Server 2016
8 18 (2.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 16 (2.35%) Windows 10
10 8 (1.18%) Mac OS
11 7 (1.03%) Windows Server 2008
12 6 (0.88%) Kali Linux
13 4 (0.59%) AIX
13 4 (0.59%) CentOS
13 4 (0.59%) Windows 7
14 3 (0.44%) Android
14 3 (0.44%) SUSE
15 2 (0.29%) Windows Server 2003
16 1 (0.15%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 220 (32.35%) Information Security
2 151 (22.21%) Agile Software Development
3 145 (21.32%) Cybersecurity
4 132 (19.41%) Data Protection
5 93 (13.68%) ITIL
6 73 (10.74%) DevOps
7 71 (10.44%) Problem-Solving
8 66 (9.71%) Project Management
9 62 (9.12%) Risk Management
9 62 (9.12%) SIEM
10 61 (8.97%) Business Intelligence
11 60 (8.82%) Security Management
12 56 (8.24%) Data Modelling
13 52 (7.65%) Analytics
14 48 (7.06%) Computer Science
15 47 (6.91%) Identity Access Management
15 47 (6.91%) Information Security Management
15 47 (6.91%) IT Strategy
16 46 (6.76%) Project Delivery
16 46 (6.76%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 99 (14.56%) SQL
2 86 (12.65%) PowerShell
3 63 (9.26%) Python
4 40 (5.88%) Java
5 27 (3.97%) JavaScript
6 25 (3.68%) Bash Shell
6 25 (3.68%) T-SQL
7 24 (3.53%) PHP
8 23 (3.38%) Perl
9 19 (2.79%) C#
10 17 (2.50%) C
11 13 (1.91%) R
12 12 (1.76%) Apex Code
13 11 (1.62%) Shell Script
14 10 (1.47%) PL/SQL
15 6 (0.88%) C++
15 6 (0.88%) VBScript
16 3 (0.44%) VBA
17 2 (0.29%) ABAP
17 2 (0.29%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 100 (14.71%) Degree
2 88 (12.94%) CISSP
3 84 (12.35%) CISM
4 27 (3.97%) CISA
4 27 (3.97%) Cisco Certification
5 19 (2.79%) MCP
5 19 (2.79%) Security Cleared
6 14 (2.06%) Microsoft Certification
7 13 (1.91%) CRISC
7 13 (1.91%) SC Cleared
8 11 (1.62%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 11 (1.62%) Computer Science Degree
9 10 (1.47%) CCNA
9 10 (1.47%) CEH
9 10 (1.47%) DBS Check
10 8 (1.18%) CCSP
10 8 (1.18%) GIAC
10 8 (1.18%) Master's Degree
10 8 (1.18%) MCSA
11 7 (1.03%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 209 (30.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 87 (12.79%) NIST
3 67 (9.85%) PCI DSS
4 51 (7.50%) Cyber Essentials
5 45 (6.62%) SLA
6 24 (3.53%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 20 (2.94%) Data Quality
7 20 (2.94%) NIST 800
8 17 (2.50%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 10 (1.47%) COBIT
9 10 (1.47%) IFRS
10 9 (1.32%) HIPAA
11 8 (1.18%) ISO 9001
11 8 (1.18%) QA
12 7 (1.03%) NCSC
13 6 (0.88%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 5 (0.74%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 5 (0.74%) ISO 22301
15 3 (0.44%) Government Security Classifications
15 3 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 76 (11.18%) Active Directory
2 30 (4.41%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (1.91%) Docker
4 12 (1.76%) Hyper-V
5 10 (1.47%) vSphere
6 9 (1.32%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.44%) XenApp
8 2 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.15%) ProxySG
9 1 (0.15%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 23 (3.38%) Microsoft Intune
2 21 (3.09%) Ansible
3 16 (2.35%) SCCM
4 12 (1.76%) SCOM
4 12 (1.76%) Terraform
5 10 (1.47%) Host Intrusion Detection System
6 9 (1.32%) Red Hat Satellite
6 9 (1.32%) SCOrch
7 8 (1.18%) Kubernetes
8 7 (1.03%) Network Intrusion Detection System
8 7 (1.03%) Single Sign-On
9 6 (0.88%) Puppet
10 4 (0.59%) WSUS
11 3 (0.44%) Jamf Pro
11 3 (0.44%) SELinux
12 1 (0.15%) CASB
12 1 (0.15%) FortiGate
12 1 (0.15%) Trend Micro Deep Security
12 1 (0.15%) TrustSec
12 1 (0.15%) XenMobile
Vendors
1 199 (29.26%) Microsoft
2 60 (8.82%) VMware
3 37 (5.44%) Salesforce.com
4 29 (4.26%) Oracle
5 25 (3.68%) Citrix
6 21 (3.09%) Cisco
6 21 (3.09%) Tableau
7 20 (2.94%) Pardot
8 19 (2.79%) Google
9 17 (2.50%) Red Hat
10 16 (2.35%) IBM
11 12 (1.76%) SAP
12 10 (1.47%) Splunk
13 9 (1.32%) Veeam
14 8 (1.18%) Forcepoint
15 7 (1.03%) EMC
15 7 (1.03%) Symantec
15 7 (1.03%) Tealium
16 6 (0.88%) AppDynamics
16 6 (0.88%) Dell