Period
to 22 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 22 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 194 274 206
Rank change year-on-year +80 -68 +121
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 1,095 1,517 2,629
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.71% 1.20% 1.73%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 14.24% 9.58% 12.49%
Number of salaries quoted 747 1,221 1,728
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -12.50%
10th Percentile £35,750 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,500 £52,250 £50,000
% change year-on-year -5.26% +4.50% -4.76%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 7,689 15,837 21,046
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.01% 12.56% 13.86%
Number of salaries quoted 5,698 12,317 15,650
Median annual salary £52,500 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% -
10th Percentile £31,000 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £83,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.50%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Salary trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 22 January 2021.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +74 1,030 £57,500 +4.55% 248
UK excluding London +80 684 £49,500 -5.26% 177
London +62 363 £65,000 +8.33% 87
South East +147 311 £59,500 -4.80% 40
Work from Home +32 141 £61,250 +4.26% 69
North of England +16 117 £46,250 +2.78% 54
Midlands +37 115 £45,000 -5.26% 30
West Midlands +41 90 £45,000 -10.00% 18
South West +65 74 £49,500 +4.21% 19
North West +35 73 £38,450 -12.61% 38
Yorkshire +4 40 £48,250 -3.50% 13
East of England +58 34 £53,750 +7.50% 16
East Midlands +29 25 £42,500 -5.56% 11
Wales +54 21 £45,000 -9.09% 5
Scotland +22 19 £46,000 -14.12% 11
North East +13 4 £32,779 -12.75% 3
Northern Ireland +12 1 - - 2

For the 6 months to 22 January 2021, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 382 (34.89%) Information Security
2 313 (28.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 305 (27.85%) Microsoft
4 291 (26.58%) Data Protection
5 257 (23.47%) Management Information System
6 242 (22.10%) Legal
7 221 (20.18%) Windows
7 221 (20.18%) Azure
8 202 (18.45%) Project Management
9 184 (16.80%) Agile Software Development
10 180 (16.44%) Finance
11 178 (16.26%) Firewall
11 178 (16.26%) Office 365
12 168 (15.34%) Cybersecurity
13 152 (13.88%) ITIL
14 149 (13.61%) AWS
15 148 (13.52%) Manufacturing
16 147 (13.42%) Problem-Solving
17 145 (13.24%) NIST
18 139 (12.69%) Law
19 135 (12.33%) Analytical Skills
20 130 (11.87%) Pharmaceutical
21 125 (11.42%) Matrix Organization
22 123 (11.23%) SQL
23 122 (11.14%) CISSP
23 122 (11.14%) PCI DSS
24 116 (10.59%) Active Directory
25 113 (10.32%) Degree
26 111 (10.14%) SLA
27 108 (9.86%) Business Intelligence

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (3.93%) SharePoint
2 39 (3.56%) MS Exchange
3 15 (1.37%) Apache
3 15 (1.37%) Apache Spark
4 11 (1.00%) Confluence
5 8 (0.73%) CMS
6 7 (0.64%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (0.55%) Exchange Server 2013
8 5 (0.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 5 (0.46%) Skype for Business
9 4 (0.37%) IIS
9 4 (0.37%) Umbraco
10 3 (0.27%) ArcGIS
11 2 (0.18%) Apache Airflow
11 2 (0.18%) JBoss
11 2 (0.18%) nginx
11 2 (0.18%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.18%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.18%) WordPress
12 1 (0.091%) Apache Synapse
Applications
1 38 (3.47%) Microsoft Office
2 35 (3.20%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (1.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.64%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.091%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.091%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.091%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.091%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.091%) Revit
Business Applications
1 14 (1.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (1.10%) Dynamics NAV
3 9 (0.82%) Oracle ERP
4 7 (0.64%) Magento
5 6 (0.55%) Oracle Cash Management
5 6 (0.55%) Oracle Payables
5 6 (0.55%) Oracle Receivables
6 4 (0.37%) Carpe Diem
6 4 (0.37%) Eloqua
6 4 (0.37%) Sentinel
7 3 (0.27%) Oracle 11i
7 3 (0.27%) Oracle Assets
7 3 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.27%) Oracle EBS R12
7 3 (0.27%) Oracle General Ledger
7 3 (0.27%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 3 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.091%) SAP GRC
8 1 (0.091%) SAP HCM
8 1 (0.091%) SAP HR
Cloud Services
1 221 (20.18%) Azure
2 178 (16.26%) Office 365
3 149 (13.61%) AWS
4 52 (4.75%) SaaS
5 44 (4.02%) IaaS
6 43 (3.93%) Power Platform
7 20 (1.83%) Azure Active Directory
8 19 (1.74%) PaaS
9 18 (1.64%) GCP
10 16 (1.46%) Trello
11 14 (1.28%) OneDrive
12 13 (1.19%) G Suite
13 12 (1.10%) Amazon EKS
13 12 (1.10%) OpenShift
14 9 (0.82%) Dynamics 365
14 9 (0.82%) Serverless
15 8 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
16 7 (0.64%) Amazon EC2
16 7 (0.64%) Amazon S3
16 7 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 178 (16.26%) Firewall
2 69 (6.30%) Intrusion Detection
3 60 (5.48%) VPN
4 48 (4.38%) DNS
5 37 (3.38%) Network Security
6 34 (3.11%) DHCP
7 27 (2.47%) SAN
8 19 (1.74%) VoIP
8 19 (1.74%) WAN
9 18 (1.64%) SSL
9 18 (1.64%) Wireless
10 17 (1.55%) LAN
11 13 (1.19%) Wi-Fi
12 11 (1.00%) FTP
13 9 (0.82%) Internet
14 8 (0.73%) IP Telephony
15 6 (0.55%) iSCSI
15 6 (0.55%) Kerberos
16 5 (0.46%) Skype
16 5 (0.46%) Wireless Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 80 (7.31%) SQL Server
2 51 (4.66%) Data Warehouse
3 41 (3.74%) Power BI
4 38 (3.47%) Relational Database
5 25 (2.28%) Big Data
5 25 (2.28%) MySQL
6 23 (2.10%) Tableau
7 21 (1.92%) Snowflake Schema
8 18 (1.64%) Looker
8 18 (1.64%) NoSQL
8 18 (1.64%) PostgreSQL
9 17 (1.55%) RDBMS
10 15 (1.37%) Amazon Redshift
11 12 (1.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 10 (0.91%) MongoDB
12 10 (0.91%) Oracle Reports
12 10 (0.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 8 (0.73%) Data Lake
13 8 (0.73%) DTS
13 8 (0.73%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 50 (4.57%) Git (software)
2 40 (3.65%) JIRA
3 16 (1.46%) Selenium
4 15 (1.37%) Team Foundation Server
5 12 (1.10%) Jenkins
5 12 (1.10%) Postman
6 10 (0.91%) GitLab
7 8 (0.73%) eggPlant
7 8 (0.73%) Protractor
7 8 (0.73%) Travis CI
8 7 (0.64%) Oracle Forms
8 7 (0.64%) TestNG
9 6 (0.55%) SoapUI
9 6 (0.55%) SpecFlow
10 5 (0.46%) JUnit
11 4 (0.37%) Oracle APEX
11 4 (0.37%) Subversion
11 4 (0.37%) Visual Studio
12 3 (0.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 3 (0.27%) Mocha
General
1 242 (22.10%) Legal
2 180 (16.44%) Finance
3 148 (13.52%) Manufacturing
4 139 (12.69%) Law
5 130 (11.87%) Pharmaceutical
6 98 (8.95%) Digital Economy
7 66 (6.03%) Marketing
8 52 (4.75%) Retail
9 40 (3.65%) Games
9 40 (3.65%) Telecoms
10 35 (3.20%) Public Sector
11 26 (2.37%) Banking
12 14 (1.28%) Electronics
13 9 (0.82%) Aerospace
14 6 (0.55%) Back Office
14 6 (0.55%) Housing Association
14 6 (0.55%) Publishing
15 5 (0.46%) Advertising
16 4 (0.37%) French Language
16 4 (0.37%) German Language
Job Titles
1 202 (18.45%) Analyst
2 141 (12.88%) Administrator
3 114 (10.41%) Data Administrator
4 103 (9.41%) Consultant
5 64 (5.84%) Security Engineer
6 63 (5.75%) Architect
7 59 (5.39%) Security Analyst
8 53 (4.84%) Service Analyst
9 50 (4.57%) Service Desk Analyst
10 48 (4.38%) Developer
11 46 (4.20%) Security Consultant
12 41 (3.74%) Security Specialist
12 41 (3.74%) Senior Analyst
13 39 (3.56%) IT Analyst
13 39 (3.56%) Security Manager
14 36 (3.29%) Information Manager
14 36 (3.29%) Team Leader
15 32 (2.92%) Information Security Manager
16 29 (2.65%) IT Manager
17 28 (2.56%) Service Desk Team Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 32 (2.92%) Web Services
2 27 (2.47%) .NET
3 26 (2.37%) HTML
4 24 (2.19%) XML
5 21 (1.92%) CSS
5 21 (1.92%) REST
6 20 (1.83%) JSON
7 19 (1.74%) Node.js
8 17 (1.55%) jQuery
9 14 (1.28%) LDAP
10 12 (1.10%) AngularJS
11 11 (1.00%) Sass
12 10 (0.91%) Middleware
12 10 (0.91%) RESTful
12 10 (0.91%) SOAP
13 9 (0.82%) HTML5
14 8 (0.73%) .NET Framework
14 8 (0.73%) ASP.NET
14 8 (0.73%) CSS3
15 7 (0.64%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 257 (23.47%) Management Information System
2 135 (12.33%) Analytical Skills
3 72 (6.58%) Data Protection Act
4 59 (5.39%) Cyberthreat
5 40 (3.65%) Self-Motivation
6 27 (2.47%) Driving Licence
7 26 (2.37%) Public Cloud
8 21 (1.92%) Data Centre
9 20 (1.83%) Video Conferencing
10 19 (1.74%) Cyberattack
11 18 (1.64%) PKI
12 17 (1.55%) User Experience
13 14 (1.28%) Clustering
13 14 (1.28%) e-Learning
14 13 (1.19%) Private Cloud
15 11 (1.00%) NHS
15 11 (1.00%) Social Media
16 10 (0.91%) Cloud Native
16 10 (0.91%) FMCG
16 10 (0.91%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 221 (20.18%) Windows
2 98 (8.95%) Linux
3 76 (6.94%) Windows Server
4 55 (5.02%) Windows 10
5 20 (1.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 20 (1.83%) Unix
6 15 (1.37%) Solaris
7 14 (1.28%) Windows Server 2008
8 13 (1.19%) Windows Server 2016
9 11 (1.00%) Apple iOS
10 6 (0.55%) Android
11 3 (0.27%) AIX
11 3 (0.27%) Windows Server 2019
12 2 (0.18%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.18%) SUSE
12 2 (0.18%) Windows 7
12 2 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.091%) CentOS
13 1 (0.091%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.091%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 382 (34.89%) Information Security
2 291 (26.58%) Data Protection
3 202 (18.45%) Project Management
4 184 (16.80%) Agile Software Development
5 168 (15.34%) Cybersecurity
6 152 (13.88%) ITIL
7 147 (13.42%) Problem-Solving
8 125 (11.42%) Matrix Organization
9 108 (9.86%) Business Intelligence
10 99 (9.04%) Risk Management
11 92 (8.40%) Data Security
12 86 (7.85%) SIEM
13 78 (7.12%) DevOps
14 74 (6.76%) Security Management
15 68 (6.21%) Data Privacy
16 67 (6.12%) Change Management
16 67 (6.12%) Stakeholder Management
17 64 (5.84%) Analytics
17 64 (5.84%) Identity Access Management
17 64 (5.84%) Service Management
Programming Languages
1 123 (11.23%) SQL
2 64 (5.84%) PowerShell
3 53 (4.84%) Python
4 38 (3.47%) Java
5 36 (3.29%) C#
6 31 (2.83%) Bash Shell
7 29 (2.65%) JavaScript
8 25 (2.28%) T-SQL
9 20 (1.83%) C
10 18 (1.64%) R
11 15 (1.37%) Perl
11 15 (1.37%) PHP
12 12 (1.10%) PL/SQL
13 7 (0.64%) VBA
14 6 (0.55%) Go
15 5 (0.46%) Ruby
15 5 (0.46%) Shell Script
16 4 (0.37%) C++
17 3 (0.27%) Apex Code
17 3 (0.27%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 122 (11.14%) CISSP
2 113 (10.32%) Degree
3 108 (9.86%) CISM
4 36 (3.29%) Cisco Certification
5 33 (3.01%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 28 (2.56%) CISA
7 26 (2.37%) Security Cleared
8 20 (1.83%) CCSP
9 19 (1.74%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 19 (1.74%) Microsoft Certification
10 14 (1.28%) MCSE
10 14 (1.28%) OSCP
11 12 (1.10%) ISEB
12 11 (1.00%) CCNA
12 11 (1.00%) CEH
13 10 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
13 10 (0.91%) Computer Science Degree
13 10 (0.91%) ITIL Certification
13 10 (0.91%) SSCP
14 9 (0.82%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 313 (28.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 145 (13.24%) NIST
3 122 (11.14%) PCI DSS
4 111 (10.14%) SLA
5 106 (9.68%) Cyber Essentials
6 41 (3.74%) QA
7 33 (3.01%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 29 (2.65%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 28 (2.56%) ISO 9001
10 19 (1.74%) HIPAA
11 17 (1.55%) NCSC
12 16 (1.46%) BS25999
12 16 (1.46%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 16 (1.46%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 15 (1.37%) Data Quality
14 14 (1.28%) COBIT
15 11 (1.00%) HMG Security Policy Framework
16 10 (0.91%) NIST 800
17 9 (0.82%) GAMP
18 8 (0.73%) IFRS
System Software
1 116 (10.59%) Active Directory
2 46 (4.20%) VMware Infrastructure
3 31 (2.83%) Docker
4 13 (1.19%) VMware ESXi
5 9 (0.82%) Hyper-V
6 8 (0.73%) Shibboleth
7 7 (0.64%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.64%) XenApp
7 7 (0.64%) XenDesktop
8 6 (0.55%) BitLocker
8 6 (0.55%) NFS
9 4 (0.37%) vCloud
10 3 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.091%) ProxySG
11 1 (0.091%) vSphere
11 1 (0.091%) Xen
Systems Management
1 34 (3.11%) Ansible
1 34 (3.11%) Terraform
2 31 (2.83%) Microsoft Intune
3 28 (2.56%) Kubernetes
4 16 (1.46%) SCCM
5 14 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
6 13 (1.19%) Host Intrusion Detection System
7 10 (0.91%) Puppet
7 10 (0.91%) SCOM
8 8 (0.73%) McAfee ePO
8 8 (0.73%) SolarWinds Orion
9 7 (0.64%) CASB
9 7 (0.64%) Prometheus
9 7 (0.64%) SCOrch
10 6 (0.55%) Backup Exec
10 6 (0.55%) Consul
10 6 (0.55%) linkerd
10 6 (0.55%) Nessus
10 6 (0.55%) Network Intrusion Detection System
11 5 (0.46%) Nagios
Vendors
1 305 (27.85%) Microsoft
2 79 (7.21%) VMware
3 59 (5.39%) Citrix
4 41 (3.74%) Oracle
5 33 (3.01%) Cisco
6 31 (2.83%) Salesforce.com
7 30 (2.74%) Google
8 22 (2.01%) Veeam
9 19 (1.74%) Red Hat
10 18 (1.64%) IBM
11 16 (1.46%) SAP
12 15 (1.37%) ServiceNow
12 15 (1.37%) Sophos
13 13 (1.19%) NetApp
14 12 (1.10%) Dell
14 12 (1.10%) EMC
14 12 (1.10%) SolarWinds
15 10 (0.91%) Apple
15 10 (0.91%) OneTrust
16 9 (0.82%) Forcepoint