Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 216 231 280
Rank change year-on-year +15 +49 -45
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 2,050 710 1,643
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.62% 1.45% 1.21%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 10.57% 11.68% 8.75%
Number of salaries quoted 1,257 517 1,249
10th Percentile £31,250 £35,428 £32,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £45,750 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,000 £50,500 £52,000
% change year-on-year -8.91% -2.88% +9.47%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 19,403 6,080 18,786
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.36% 12.44% 13.79%
Number of salaries quoted 11,910 4,784 14,207
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £28,500
25th Percentile £40,500 £41,250 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £53,750 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.33% +7.50% -
75th Percentile £71,250 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £89,250 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,000 £48,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year -3.09% +7.78% -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Salary trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 1,798 £53,100 -3.45% 401
UK excluding London +11 1,072 £46,000 -8.91% 271
London -16 809 £65,000 - 148
Work from Home -41 379 £55,000 -4.35% 67
South East -36 306 £55,000 +4.76% 87
North of England -12 255 £45,000 -10.00% 68
Midlands -31 186 £45,000 -5.26% 51
West Midlands -44 140 £45,000 - 30
South West -24 131 £47,500 -13.64% 23
North West -33 129 £44,500 -16.44% 42
Yorkshire -40 98 £45,000 -8.16% 19
Scotland -6 88 £50,000 -9.09% 14
East of England -40 86 £55,500 +3.26% 24
East Midlands -47 44 £45,000 -12.62% 21
North East -10 28 £45,000 +12.11% 7
Wales -41 16 £37,000 +25.42% 4
Northern Ireland - 4 - -

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 779 (38.00%) Social Skills
2 694 (33.85%) Data Protection
3 581 (28.34%) Microsoft
4 571 (27.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 545 (26.59%) Finance
6 516 (25.17%) Information Security
7 481 (23.46%) Azure
8 450 (21.95%) Cybersecurity
9 436 (21.27%) Agile Software Development
10 402 (19.61%) Problem-Solving
11 377 (18.39%) AWS
12 351 (17.12%) Analytical Skills
13 337 (16.44%) Degree
14 331 (16.15%) Analytics
15 328 (16.00%) Management Information System
16 302 (14.73%) SQL
17 295 (14.39%) Legal
18 292 (14.24%) Business Intelligence
18 292 (14.24%) DevOps
19 276 (13.46%) Risk Management
20 270 (13.17%) NIST
21 258 (12.59%) Python
22 250 (12.20%) PCI DSS
23 229 (11.17%) Data Privacy
24 227 (11.07%) Cyber Essentials
25 225 (10.98%) Microsoft 365
26 220 (10.73%) GCP
27 219 (10.68%) Data Management
28 218 (10.63%) ITIL
29 216 (10.54%) CISSP

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (4.44%) SharePoint
2 56 (2.73%) Apache
3 48 (2.34%) MS Exchange
4 45 (2.20%) Apache Airflow
5 39 (1.90%) CMS
6 36 (1.76%) Elasticsearch
7 34 (1.66%) Confluence
8 32 (1.56%) Apache Spark
9 11 (0.54%) IIS
10 10 (0.49%) SAS
11 7 (0.34%) Skype for Business
11 7 (0.34%) WordPress
12 5 (0.24%) Exchange Server 2013
12 5 (0.24%) nginx
13 4 (0.20%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 3 (0.15%) Exchange Server 2010
14 3 (0.15%) Sitecore CMS
15 2 (0.098%) Drupal
15 2 (0.098%) Kentico
15 2 (0.098%) Umbraco
Applications
1 130 (6.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 119 (5.80%) Microsoft Office
3 51 (2.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 30 (1.46%) Campfire
5 12 (0.59%) Oracle Smart View
6 11 (0.54%) Microsoft Project
7 9 (0.44%) MS Visio
8 6 (0.29%) Figma
9 4 (0.20%) SPSS
9 4 (0.20%) Stata
10 3 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
10 3 (0.15%) Photoshop
10 3 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.049%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.049%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.049%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 37 (1.80%) Payment Gateway
2 36 (1.76%) Dynamics CRM
3 30 (1.46%) Oracle ERP
4 15 (0.73%) IBM Planning Analytics
4 15 (0.73%) Oracle EBS
5 13 (0.63%) Oracle Receivables
6 12 (0.59%) Oracle Payables
7 11 (0.54%) NetSuite
8 10 (0.49%) Dynamics AX
8 10 (0.49%) Dynamics NAV
9 9 (0.44%) Magento
9 9 (0.44%) Oracle Cash Management
9 9 (0.44%) Oracle General Ledger
9 9 (0.44%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 7 (0.34%) Oracle Applications
11 6 (0.29%) SAP Business One
11 6 (0.29%) Workday HCM
12 5 (0.24%) Shopify
13 4 (0.20%) Elite 3E
13 4 (0.20%) PeopleSoft HCM
Cloud Services
1 481 (23.46%) Azure
2 377 (18.39%) AWS
3 225 (10.98%) Microsoft 365
4 220 (10.73%) GCP
5 166 (8.10%) Power Platform
6 130 (6.34%) Serverless
7 93 (4.54%) SaaS
8 73 (3.56%) GitHub
9 44 (2.15%) Snowflake
10 42 (2.05%) Azure Active Directory
11 39 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
12 38 (1.85%) npm
12 38 (1.85%) PaaS
13 31 (1.51%) AWS Lambda
13 31 (1.51%) IaaS
14 26 (1.27%) Cloud Functions
14 26 (1.27%) Dynamics 365
15 24 (1.17%) Amazon S3
16 21 (1.02%) Google Workspace
17 16 (0.78%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 153 (7.46%) Firewall
2 59 (2.88%) Network Security
3 52 (2.54%) VPN
4 41 (2.00%) Broadband
5 40 (1.95%) DNS
5 40 (1.95%) WAN
6 28 (1.37%) Internet
7 26 (1.27%) SSL
8 24 (1.17%) LAN
8 24 (1.17%) TCP/IP
9 23 (1.12%) DHCP
10 20 (0.98%) Wireless
11 19 (0.93%) Intrusion Detection
12 18 (0.88%) SAN
13 17 (0.83%) Cisco Nexus
13 17 (0.83%) VoIP
14 16 (0.78%) HTTP
14 16 (0.78%) SD-WAN
14 16 (0.78%) Wi-Fi
15 15 (0.73%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 188 (9.17%) SQL Server
2 162 (7.90%) Data Warehouse
3 156 (7.61%) Power BI
4 115 (5.61%) NoSQL
4 115 (5.61%) Relational Database
5 102 (4.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 87 (4.24%) Big Data
7 80 (3.90%) PostgreSQL
8 74 (3.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 63 (3.07%) Tableau
10 55 (2.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 55 (2.68%) Oracle Reports
11 48 (2.34%) Metadata
11 48 (2.34%) MongoDB
12 47 (2.29%) SQL Server 2016
13 36 (1.76%) MySQL
14 35 (1.71%) Hadoop
14 35 (1.71%) OLAP
15 34 (1.66%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 30 (1.46%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 106 (5.17%) JIRA
2 88 (4.29%) Jenkins
3 63 (3.07%) Git (software)
4 51 (2.49%) SonarQube
5 43 (2.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 37 (1.80%) Visual Studio
7 25 (1.22%) VSS/SourceSafe
8 21 (1.02%) ESLint
9 16 (0.78%) Sonatype Nexus
10 15 (0.73%) Team Foundation Server
11 14 (0.68%) Subversion
12 11 (0.54%) webpack
13 10 (0.49%) Mocha
14 8 (0.39%) Cypress.io
14 8 (0.39%) Rational DOORS
15 7 (0.34%) CircleCI
16 6 (0.29%) ERwin
16 6 (0.29%) SoapUI
16 6 (0.29%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
17 4 (0.20%) TeamCity
General
1 779 (38.00%) Social Skills
2 545 (26.59%) Finance
3 351 (17.12%) Analytical Skills
4 295 (14.39%) Legal
5 165 (8.05%) Retail
6 143 (6.98%) Marketing
7 121 (5.90%) Presentation Skills
8 118 (5.76%) Police
9 116 (5.66%) Influencing Skills
10 104 (5.07%) Banking
10 104 (5.07%) Digital Economy
11 88 (4.29%) Law
12 75 (3.66%) Manufacturing
13 72 (3.51%) Games
14 65 (3.17%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 65 (3.17%) Public Sector
15 57 (2.78%) Telecoms
16 55 (2.68%) Organisational Skills
17 49 (2.39%) Pharmaceutical
18 35 (1.71%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 334 (16.29%) Analyst
2 223 (10.88%) Consultant
3 172 (8.39%) Developer
4 165 (8.05%) Architect
5 129 (6.29%) Security Consultant
6 93 (4.54%) Security Analyst
7 92 (4.49%) Cybersecurity Consultant
8 78 (3.80%) Security Architect
9 74 (3.61%) Data Engineer
10 62 (3.02%) Data Analyst
11 61 (2.98%) IT Manager
11 61 (2.98%) Service Analyst
11 61 (2.98%) Service Desk Analyst
12 60 (2.93%) Information Officer
13 58 (2.83%) Security Officer
14 54 (2.63%) Data Manager
14 54 (2.63%) Technical Leader
15 53 (2.59%) Information Manager
15 53 (2.59%) Security Manager
16 50 (2.44%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 74 (3.61%) OAuth
2 71 (3.46%) .NET
3 70 (3.41%) Node.js
4 67 (3.27%) HTML
5 58 (2.83%) OAuth2
6 56 (2.73%) OpenID
7 48 (2.34%) AngularJS
7 48 (2.34%) Apache Beam
7 48 (2.34%) CSS
7 48 (2.34%) React
8 38 (1.85%) REST
9 34 (1.66%) Kafka
10 32 (1.56%) COM
11 30 (1.46%) Web Services
12 29 (1.41%) SAML
12 29 (1.41%) XML
13 26 (1.27%) Akka
14 25 (1.22%) JSON
14 25 (1.22%) MDX
14 25 (1.22%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 328 (16.00%) Management Information System
2 148 (7.22%) Data Protection Act
3 110 (5.37%) Smart Meter
4 81 (3.95%) Self-Motivation
5 68 (3.32%) User Experience
6 67 (3.27%) Public Cloud
6 67 (3.27%) Virtual Team
7 48 (2.34%) Life Science
8 40 (1.95%) Reference Data
9 39 (1.90%) Mobile App
10 37 (1.80%) Data Structures
11 36 (1.76%) Data Centre
12 32 (1.56%) Cloud Native
13 31 (1.51%) Hedge funds
13 31 (1.51%) Social Media
14 29 (1.41%) Clustering
14 29 (1.41%) NHS
15 28 (1.37%) Analytical Mindset
16 25 (1.22%) Cyberthreat
16 25 (1.22%) Freedom of Information
Operating Systems
1 210 (10.24%) Windows
2 74 (3.61%) Windows 10
3 72 (3.51%) Linux
3 72 (3.51%) Windows Server
4 28 (1.37%) Solaris
5 25 (1.22%) Unix
6 22 (1.07%) Mac OS
7 20 (0.98%) Windows Server 2019
8 19 (0.93%) Windows Server 2012
9 17 (0.83%) Android
10 16 (0.78%) Apple iOS
11 13 (0.63%) Windows 7
11 13 (0.63%) Windows Server 2016
12 8 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
13 6 (0.29%) AIX
14 4 (0.20%) CentOS
14 4 (0.20%) Oracle Linux
14 4 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 3 (0.15%) Ubuntu
15 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 694 (33.85%) Data Protection
2 516 (25.17%) Information Security
3 450 (21.95%) Cybersecurity
4 436 (21.27%) Agile Software Development
5 402 (19.61%) Problem-Solving
6 331 (16.15%) Analytics
7 292 (14.24%) Business Intelligence
7 292 (14.24%) DevOps
8 276 (13.46%) Risk Management
9 229 (11.17%) Data Privacy
10 219 (10.68%) Data Management
11 218 (10.63%) ITIL
12 170 (8.29%) ETL
12 170 (8.29%) Stakeholder Management
13 168 (8.20%) Data Governance
14 162 (7.90%) Data Science
15 158 (7.71%) SIEM
16 157 (7.66%) Vulnerability Management
17 155 (7.56%) Security Management
18 153 (7.46%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 302 (14.73%) SQL
2 258 (12.59%) Python
3 111 (5.41%) Java
4 104 (5.07%) C#
5 90 (4.39%) PowerShell
6 86 (4.20%) JavaScript
7 57 (2.78%) T-SQL
8 48 (2.34%) C++
8 48 (2.34%) R
8 48 (2.34%) Scala
9 45 (2.20%) TypeScript
10 26 (1.27%) Bash Shell
11 25 (1.22%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
12 22 (1.07%) C
13 21 (1.02%) VBA
14 17 (0.83%) PHP
15 11 (0.54%) ES6
16 9 (0.44%) Perl
17 7 (0.34%) Go
17 7 (0.34%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 337 (16.44%) Degree
2 216 (10.54%) CISSP
3 177 (8.63%) CISM
4 153 (7.46%) Security Cleared
5 88 (4.29%) CISA
6 82 (4.00%) Cisco Certification
7 51 (2.49%) Computer Science Degree
8 48 (2.34%) Master's Degree
9 40 (1.95%) CCNA
9 40 (1.95%) Numerate Degree
10 36 (1.76%) Microsoft Certification
11 35 (1.71%) BPSS Clearance
12 29 (1.41%) CompTIA Security+
13 28 (1.37%) SC Cleared
14 26 (1.27%) Oracle Certification
14 26 (1.27%) SSCP
15 24 (1.17%) AWS Certification
16 23 (1.12%) GIAC
16 23 (1.12%) SANS
17 22 (1.07%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 571 (27.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 270 (13.17%) NIST
3 250 (12.20%) PCI DSS
4 227 (11.07%) Cyber Essentials
5 160 (7.80%) QA
6 143 (6.98%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 142 (6.93%) Data Quality
8 92 (4.49%) SLA
9 71 (3.46%) GRC
10 61 (2.98%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 56 (2.73%) HIPAA
12 34 (1.66%) COBIT
13 31 (1.51%) ISO 9001
14 24 (1.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 22 (1.07%) WCAG
16 19 (0.93%) ISO 22301
17 18 (0.88%) SOC 2
18 17 (0.83%) NCSC
19 15 (0.73%) ISO/IEC 20000
20 14 (0.68%) PSD2
System Software
1 149 (7.27%) Active Directory
2 100 (4.88%) Docker
3 55 (2.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 36 (1.76%) Hyper-V
5 14 (0.68%) vSphere
6 8 (0.39%) ISA Server
7 7 (0.34%) BitLocker
7 7 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.34%) XenApp
7 7 (0.34%) XenDesktop
8 4 (0.20%) NFS
8 4 (0.20%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 3 (0.15%) Firmware
9 3 (0.15%) LXC
9 3 (0.15%) Microsoft App-V
9 3 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.098%) OpenAM
10 2 (0.098%) OpenIDM
10 2 (0.098%) RACF
10 2 (0.098%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 134 (6.54%) Kubernetes
2 48 (2.34%) Terraform
3 33 (1.61%) Single Sign-On
4 26 (1.27%) Grafana
4 26 (1.27%) Prometheus
5 25 (1.22%) Ansible
6 21 (1.02%) Microsoft Intune
7 19 (0.93%) SCCM
8 14 (0.68%) CASB
9 13 (0.63%) Kibana
9 13 (0.63%) Oracle EDQ
10 12 (0.59%) Trend Micro Deep Security
11 10 (0.49%) Nessus
12 8 (0.39%) Jamf Pro
12 8 (0.39%) SCOM
13 7 (0.34%) HP ALM
13 7 (0.34%) HP Fortify
13 7 (0.34%) WebInspect
14 6 (0.29%) McAfee ePO
14 6 (0.29%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 581 (28.34%) Microsoft
2 168 (8.20%) Oracle
3 139 (6.78%) Google
4 94 (4.59%) Salesforce.com
5 68 (3.32%) VMware
6 63 (3.07%) Cisco
7 61 (2.98%) SAP
8 45 (2.20%) Meraki
9 36 (1.76%) Citrix
10 35 (1.71%) Splunk
11 31 (1.51%) IBM
12 27 (1.32%) HP
13 20 (0.98%) Apple
13 20 (0.98%) Cognizant
13 20 (0.98%) Okta
14 19 (0.93%) Veeam
15 17 (0.83%) CyberArk
16 16 (0.78%) ForgeRock
16 16 (0.78%) Juniper
16 16 (0.78%) OneTrust