Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 234 250 251
Rank change year-on-year +16 +1 +2
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 1,687 921 1,995
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.50% 1.30% 1.38%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 10.50% 10.09% 9.80%
Number of salaries quoted 999 689 1,400
10th Percentile £31,250 £35,428 £33,750
25th Percentile £41,250 £43,750 £41,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £89,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,500 £52,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -10.58% +4.00% -

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 16,068 9,126 20,360
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.29% 12.90% 14.12%
Number of salaries quoted 9,939 7,046 15,115
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,500
25th Percentile £41,185 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £53,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +1.90% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £71,250 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Salary trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 1,507 £55,000 - 404
UK excluding London +25 897 £46,500 -10.58% 305
London -1 683 £65,000 +8.33% 120
Work from Home -70 278 £60,000 +14.29% 76
South East -3 259 £53,750 +3.37% 78
Midlands +11 198 £45,000 -14.29% 45
North of England -24 197 £45,000 -14.29% 105
West Midlands +18 160 £50,000 -4.76% 34
North West -43 99 £48,750 -7.14% 69
South West -28 94 £46,500 -15.45% 38
Yorkshire -24 77 £45,000 -10.00% 29
East of England 0 62 £61,500 +65.95% 17
Scotland -23 61 £47,500 +18.75% 17
East Midlands -27 38 £42,000 -12.50% 10
Wales -1 23 £37,000 -29.52% 4
North East -2 21 £45,000 -11.33% 7
Northern Ireland - 4 - - 2

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 602 (35.68%) Social Skills
2 483 (28.63%) Data Protection
3 475 (28.16%) Microsoft
4 453 (26.85%) Finance
5 427 (25.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 424 (25.13%) Azure
7 420 (24.90%) Information Security
8 354 (20.98%) Problem-Solving
9 350 (20.75%) Agile Software Development
10 344 (20.39%) Cybersecurity
11 329 (19.50%) AWS
12 282 (16.72%) Analytical Skills
13 276 (16.36%) Business Intelligence
14 274 (16.24%) Analytics
15 260 (15.41%) DevOps
16 259 (15.35%) PCI DSS
17 243 (14.40%) Degree
18 230 (13.63%) Python
19 220 (13.04%) SQL
20 203 (12.03%) ITIL
20 203 (12.03%) Management Information System
20 203 (12.03%) Microsoft 365
21 197 (11.68%) Risk Management
22 194 (11.50%) CISSP
23 186 (11.03%) GCP
24 183 (10.85%) Legal
25 175 (10.37%) NIST
26 161 (9.54%) CISM
26 161 (9.54%) Windows
27 159 (9.43%) Data Science

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (4.68%) SharePoint
2 65 (3.85%) Apache
3 55 (3.26%) Apache Airflow
4 35 (2.07%) CMS
5 31 (1.84%) Elasticsearch
6 30 (1.78%) MS Exchange
7 28 (1.66%) Apache Spark
8 26 (1.54%) Confluence
9 14 (0.83%) Skype for Business
10 8 (0.47%) WordPress
11 7 (0.41%) Exchange Server 2013
12 5 (0.30%) Exchange Server 2010
13 4 (0.24%) nginx
14 3 (0.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 3 (0.18%) IIS
14 3 (0.18%) SAS
14 3 (0.18%) Umbraco
15 2 (0.12%) Kentico
15 2 (0.12%) Sitecore CMS
16 1 (0.059%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 110 (6.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 105 (6.22%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (1.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 28 (1.66%) Campfire
5 17 (1.01%) MS Visio
6 15 (0.89%) Oracle Smart View
7 12 (0.71%) Microsoft Project
8 5 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
9 3 (0.18%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.059%) Acrobat
10 1 (0.059%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.059%) Figma
10 1 (0.059%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 48 (2.85%) Oracle ERP
2 35 (2.07%) Dynamics CRM
3 30 (1.78%) Payment Gateway
4 28 (1.66%) Oracle Payables
5 26 (1.54%) Oracle Receivables
6 23 (1.36%) Oracle EBS
7 18 (1.07%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 16 (0.95%) Oracle Cash Management
9 15 (0.89%) Oracle General Ledger
10 11 (0.65%) Dynamics NAV
10 11 (0.65%) Magento
11 10 (0.59%) Oracle 11i
11 10 (0.59%) Oracle EBS R12
12 9 (0.53%) SAP Business One
13 7 (0.41%) NetSuite
14 6 (0.36%) Shopify
15 5 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
16 4 (0.24%) Oracle Assets
17 3 (0.18%) Cloudability
17 3 (0.18%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 424 (25.13%) Azure
2 329 (19.50%) AWS
3 203 (12.03%) Microsoft 365
4 186 (11.03%) GCP
5 123 (7.29%) Power Platform
6 121 (7.17%) Serverless
7 106 (6.28%) SaaS
8 54 (3.20%) GitHub
9 36 (2.13%) PaaS
10 34 (2.02%) AWS Lambda
10 34 (2.02%) Cloud Functions
10 34 (2.02%) npm
11 30 (1.78%) Snowflake
12 28 (1.66%) Dynamics 365
13 25 (1.48%) Cloud Computing
14 22 (1.30%) Amazon S3
14 22 (1.30%) IaaS
15 21 (1.24%) Azure Active Directory
16 18 (1.07%) OpenShift
17 16 (0.95%) Google Workspace
Communications & Networking
1 117 (6.94%) Firewall
2 43 (2.55%) Network Security
3 39 (2.31%) VPN
4 33 (1.96%) WAN
5 32 (1.90%) Broadband
6 27 (1.60%) DNS
6 27 (1.60%) Internet
7 24 (1.42%) TCP/IP
8 21 (1.24%) Cisco Nexus
8 21 (1.24%) LAN
9 17 (1.01%) Wireless
10 14 (0.83%) DHCP
11 13 (0.77%) SD-WAN
11 13 (0.77%) SSL
12 11 (0.65%) Intrusion Detection
12 11 (0.65%) SAN
12 11 (0.65%) SMS
12 11 (0.65%) Wi-Fi
13 9 (0.53%) Skype
13 9 (0.53%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 141 (8.36%) SQL Server
2 115 (6.82%) Power BI
3 102 (6.05%) Data Warehouse
4 94 (5.57%) NoSQL
5 92 (5.45%) Big Data
6 75 (4.45%) Relational Database
7 57 (3.38%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 46 (2.73%) Metadata
8 46 (2.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 45 (2.67%) PostgreSQL
10 44 (2.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 44 (2.61%) BigQuery
11 43 (2.55%) Data Mining
12 41 (2.43%) Tableau
13 39 (2.31%) MongoDB
14 36 (2.13%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 32 (1.90%) Hadoop
16 31 (1.84%) Oracle Reports
17 28 (1.66%) MySQL
18 24 (1.42%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 94 (5.57%) Jenkins
2 64 (3.79%) JIRA
3 40 (2.37%) Git (software)
4 33 (1.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 33 (1.96%) SonarQube
5 21 (1.24%) Sonatype Nexus
6 20 (1.19%) ESLint
7 13 (0.77%) Oracle Forms
8 9 (0.53%) webpack
9 8 (0.47%) Bitbucket
9 8 (0.47%) Mocha
10 6 (0.36%) CircleCI
10 6 (0.36%) Travis CI
10 6 (0.36%) Visual Studio
11 5 (0.30%) ERwin
11 5 (0.30%) SoapUI
12 4 (0.24%) PHPUnit
12 4 (0.24%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 3 (0.18%) Android Studio
13 3 (0.18%) Appium
General
1 602 (35.68%) Social Skills
2 453 (26.85%) Finance
3 282 (16.72%) Analytical Skills
4 183 (10.85%) Legal
5 123 (7.29%) Marketing
6 104 (6.16%) Retail
7 95 (5.63%) Digital Economy
8 93 (5.51%) Influencing Skills
8 93 (5.51%) Public Sector
9 91 (5.39%) Presentation Skills
10 82 (4.86%) Manufacturing
11 75 (4.45%) Organisational Skills
12 72 (4.27%) Telecoms
13 57 (3.38%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 55 (3.26%) Law
15 54 (3.20%) Games
16 47 (2.79%) Banking
17 44 (2.61%) Electronics
18 39 (2.31%) Police
19 37 (2.19%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 298 (17.66%) Analyst
2 200 (11.86%) Consultant
3 117 (6.94%) Architect
4 114 (6.76%) Developer
5 90 (5.33%) Security Consultant
6 88 (5.22%) Security Analyst
7 67 (3.97%) Security Engineer
8 60 (3.56%) Cloud Consultant
8 60 (3.56%) Service Analyst
8 60 (3.56%) Service Desk Analyst
9 54 (3.20%) Data Analyst
9 54 (3.20%) Data Engineer
9 54 (3.20%) Security Specialist
10 50 (2.96%) Security Manager
11 49 (2.90%) IT Manager
12 46 (2.73%) Information Analyst
12 46 (2.73%) Information Security Analyst
13 43 (2.55%) Solutions Architect
14 42 (2.49%) Cybersecurity Consultant
14 42 (2.49%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (3.97%) HTML
2 64 (3.79%) OAuth
3 59 (3.50%) .NET
4 57 (3.38%) Apache Beam
5 56 (3.32%) Node.js
6 51 (3.02%) OAuth2
7 49 (2.90%) CSS
8 46 (2.73%) Web Services
9 45 (2.67%) AngularJS
10 39 (2.31%) OpenID
11 34 (2.02%) Akka
12 33 (1.96%) React
13 32 (1.90%) Kafka
14 30 (1.78%) Middleware
14 30 (1.78%) REST
15 26 (1.54%) jQuery
15 26 (1.54%) Oracle Fusion
16 24 (1.42%) Sass
16 24 (1.42%) XML
17 21 (1.24%) COM
Miscellaneous
1 203 (12.03%) Management Information System
2 86 (5.10%) Data Protection Act
3 77 (4.56%) Self-Motivation
4 74 (4.39%) Public Cloud
5 70 (4.15%) User Experience
6 51 (3.02%) Virtual Team
7 43 (2.55%) Analytical Mindset
8 35 (2.07%) Data Structures
8 35 (2.07%) Smart Meter
9 33 (1.96%) Hedge funds
10 32 (1.90%) Cloud Native
11 28 (1.66%) Reference Data
12 23 (1.36%) Life Science
12 23 (1.36%) Mobile App
13 21 (1.24%) NHS
13 21 (1.24%) Security Operations Centre
14 20 (1.19%) Freedom of Information
15 18 (1.07%) Driving Licence
16 17 (1.01%) Greenfield Project
17 16 (0.95%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 161 (9.54%) Windows
2 72 (4.27%) Windows 10
3 50 (2.96%) Windows Server
4 47 (2.79%) Linux
5 24 (1.42%) Unix
6 23 (1.36%) Mac OS
7 22 (1.30%) Windows Server 2019
8 19 (1.13%) Windows Server 2012
9 13 (0.77%) Windows Server 2008
10 11 (0.65%) Android
10 11 (0.65%) Windows Server 2016
11 10 (0.59%) Windows 7
12 8 (0.47%) Solaris
13 5 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 5 (0.30%) Windows Server 2003
14 4 (0.24%) Apple iOS
14 4 (0.24%) Windows XP
15 2 (0.12%) AIX
15 2 (0.12%) Mac OS X
16 1 (0.059%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 483 (28.63%) Data Protection
2 420 (24.90%) Information Security
3 354 (20.98%) Problem-Solving
4 350 (20.75%) Agile Software Development
5 344 (20.39%) Cybersecurity
6 276 (16.36%) Business Intelligence
7 274 (16.24%) Analytics
8 260 (15.41%) DevOps
9 203 (12.03%) ITIL
10 197 (11.68%) Risk Management
11 159 (9.43%) Data Privacy
11 159 (9.43%) Data Science
12 147 (8.71%) Data Management
13 141 (8.36%) Project Management
14 133 (7.88%) Decision-Making
15 125 (7.41%) Change Management
16 123 (7.29%) ETL
17 122 (7.23%) Data Modelling
18 116 (6.88%) Continuous Improvement
19 115 (6.82%) Time Management
Programming Languages
1 230 (13.63%) Python
2 220 (13.04%) SQL
3 94 (5.57%) Java
4 79 (4.68%) JavaScript
5 75 (4.45%) C#
6 64 (3.79%) PowerShell
7 50 (2.96%) Scala
8 47 (2.79%) T-SQL
9 41 (2.43%) C++
10 37 (2.19%) C
11 33 (1.96%) TypeScript
12 24 (1.42%) PHP
13 21 (1.24%) R
14 20 (1.19%) Bash Shell
14 20 (1.19%) VBA
15 12 (0.71%) ES6
16 11 (0.65%) PL/SQL
17 10 (0.59%) Go
18 8 (0.47%) Shell Script
19 6 (0.36%) Perl
Qualifications
1 243 (14.40%) Degree
2 194 (11.50%) CISSP
3 161 (9.54%) CISM
4 123 (7.29%) Security Cleared
5 92 (5.45%) Cisco Certification
6 63 (3.73%) CISA
7 53 (3.14%) BPSS Clearance
8 48 (2.85%) Oracle Certification
9 45 (2.67%) SSCP
10 35 (2.07%) Master's Degree
11 31 (1.84%) CSSLP
12 29 (1.72%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 28 (1.66%) CCNA
14 27 (1.60%) Numerate Degree
15 25 (1.48%) CCNP
15 25 (1.48%) Computer Science Degree
15 25 (1.48%) ISEB
16 22 (1.30%) SC Cleared
17 21 (1.24%) AWS Certification
17 21 (1.24%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 427 (25.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 259 (15.35%) PCI DSS
3 175 (10.37%) NIST
4 132 (7.82%) Cyber Essentials
5 129 (7.65%) QA
6 101 (5.99%) SLA
7 92 (5.45%) Data Quality
8 64 (3.79%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 60 (3.56%) GRC
10 50 (2.96%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 44 (2.61%) ISO 9001
12 36 (2.13%) HIPAA
13 33 (1.96%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 28 (1.66%) COBIT
15 25 (1.48%) BS25999
16 22 (1.30%) NCSC
17 21 (1.24%) WCAG
18 16 (0.95%) ISO 22301
18 16 (0.95%) SOC 2
19 14 (0.83%) NIST 800
System Software
1 108 (6.40%) Active Directory
2 99 (5.87%) Docker
3 43 (2.55%) Hyper-V
4 36 (2.13%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.71%) XenApp
5 12 (0.71%) XenDesktop
6 8 (0.47%) vSphere
7 7 (0.41%) BitLocker
7 7 (0.41%) NFS
8 5 (0.30%) Microsoft App-V
9 3 (0.18%) Firmware
10 2 (0.12%) LXC
10 2 (0.12%) Terminal Server
10 2 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.12%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.059%) HDFS
11 1 (0.059%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.059%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 143 (8.48%) Kubernetes
2 61 (3.62%) Terraform
3 38 (2.25%) Prometheus
4 34 (2.02%) Grafana
5 30 (1.78%) Ansible
6 21 (1.24%) CASB
7 19 (1.13%) Single Sign-On
8 13 (0.77%) Microsoft Intune
9 12 (0.71%) SCCM
10 10 (0.59%) Kibana
11 9 (0.53%) IBM BigFix
12 8 (0.47%) Jamf Pro
13 7 (0.41%) Backup Exec
14 5 (0.30%) HP ALM
14 5 (0.30%) HP Fortify
14 5 (0.30%) RSA Archer
14 5 (0.30%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
14 5 (0.30%) WebInspect
15 4 (0.24%) Consul
15 4 (0.24%) linkerd
Vendors
1 475 (28.16%) Microsoft
2 130 (7.71%) Oracle
3 120 (7.11%) Google
4 69 (4.09%) SAP
5 61 (3.62%) VMware
6 54 (3.20%) Cisco
6 54 (3.20%) Salesforce.com
7 41 (2.43%) Citrix
8 37 (2.19%) IBM
9 26 (1.54%) Meraki
10 22 (1.30%) Apple
10 22 (1.30%) Splunk
11 19 (1.13%) Juniper
12 18 (1.07%) CyberArk
13 17 (1.01%) ForgeRock
13 17 (1.01%) HP
14 16 (0.95%) Avaya
14 16 (0.95%) Informatica
14 16 (0.95%) Sophos
14 16 (0.95%) Veeam