Period
to 17 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 17 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
17 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 203 245 201
Rank change year-on-year +42 -44 +72
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 1,364 1,449 2,584
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.62% 1.30% 1.74%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 13.18% 10.54% 12.31%
Number of salaries quoted 767 1,107 1,548
10th Percentile £33,250 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £41,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -12.50%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -5.00% - -9.09%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 10,352 13,747 20,983
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.30% 12.37% 14.11%
Number of salaries quoted 7,238 10,679 15,425
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £27,625
25th Percentile £40,807 £37,500 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
75th Percentile £70,000 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Salary trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 17 April 2021.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 17 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +43 1,254 £57,500 +4.55% 273
UK excluding London +55 820 £47,500 -5.00% 190
London +45 470 £65,000 +8.33% 96
South East +109 328 £62,500 +13.64% 43
Work from Home -19 199 £63,750 +10.87% 59
Midlands +39 174 £44,000 -16.19% 25
West Midlands +41 143 £45,000 -18.18% 18
North of England -35 126 £45,000 -5.26% 63
South West +17 90 £47,000 +4.44% 27
North West -14 88 £55,000 +22.22% 38
East of England +50 49 £53,750 +32.72% 18
Scotland +7 34 £45,000 +12.50% 5
East Midlands 0 31 £37,500 -21.88% 7
Wales +52 27 £45,000 -12.20% 10
Yorkshire -48 27 £40,000 -20.00% 16
North East +18 11 £45,000 +21.62% 9
Northern Ireland -1 1 - -

For the 6 months to 17 April 2021, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 436 (31.96%) Information Security
2 366 (26.83%) Data Protection
3 354 (25.95%) Microsoft
4 345 (25.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 283 (20.75%) Finance
6 263 (19.28%) Management Information System
7 255 (18.70%) Legal
8 254 (18.62%) Azure
9 236 (17.30%) Agile Software Development
10 230 (16.86%) Project Management
11 225 (16.50%) Problem-Solving
12 220 (16.13%) Cybersecurity
13 214 (15.69%) PCI DSS
14 207 (15.18%) ITIL
15 190 (13.93%) AWS
16 188 (13.78%) Windows
17 186 (13.64%) Microsoft 365
18 182 (13.34%) Analytical Skills
19 176 (12.90%) Business Intelligence
19 176 (12.90%) Manufacturing
20 159 (11.66%) SQL
21 151 (11.07%) Law
22 145 (10.63%) NIST
23 142 (10.41%) CISSP
24 137 (10.04%) Degree
25 132 (9.68%) Risk Management
26 131 (9.60%) Pharmaceutical
27 129 (9.46%) Firewall
27 129 (9.46%) Matrix Organization
28 127 (9.31%) Digital Economy

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (3.37%) SharePoint
2 42 (3.08%) MS Exchange
3 17 (1.25%) Apache
4 16 (1.17%) Skype for Business
5 14 (1.03%) Apache Airflow
6 13 (0.95%) Exchange Server 2013
7 12 (0.88%) Confluence
8 10 (0.73%) Elasticsearch
9 9 (0.66%) CMS
10 7 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 7 (0.51%) Apache Spark
11 4 (0.29%) Umbraco
11 4 (0.29%) WordPress
12 3 (0.22%) ArcGIS
12 3 (0.22%) SAS
13 2 (0.15%) IIS
14 1 (0.073%) JBoss
14 1 (0.073%) nginx
14 1 (0.073%) Tomcat
14 1 (0.073%) WebLogic
Applications
1 79 (5.79%) Microsoft Excel
2 42 (3.08%) Microsoft Office
3 16 (1.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (1.03%) MS Visio
5 9 (0.66%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.073%) Revit
Business Applications
1 33 (2.42%) Oracle ERP
2 24 (1.76%) Oracle Payables
3 22 (1.61%) Oracle Receivables
4 18 (1.32%) Dynamics CRM
5 17 (1.25%) Oracle Cash Management
6 15 (1.10%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 13 (0.95%) Oracle General Ledger
8 12 (0.88%) Dynamics NAV
9 11 (0.81%) Oracle EBS
10 9 (0.66%) Magento
10 9 (0.66%) Oracle 11i
10 9 (0.66%) Oracle EBS R12
11 6 (0.44%) Oracle Assets
12 5 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
12 5 (0.37%) SAP Business One
13 3 (0.22%) Eloqua
13 3 (0.22%) SAP GRC
13 3 (0.22%) Shopify
14 2 (0.15%) NetSuite
14 2 (0.15%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 254 (18.62%) Azure
2 190 (13.93%) AWS
3 186 (13.64%) Microsoft 365
4 89 (6.52%) SaaS
5 69 (5.06%) Power Platform
6 65 (4.77%) GCP
7 30 (2.20%) PaaS
8 29 (2.13%) GitHub
9 25 (1.83%) Serverless
10 23 (1.69%) IaaS
11 17 (1.25%) Amazon EKS
12 15 (1.10%) Google Workspace
13 13 (0.95%) Dynamics 365
14 12 (0.88%) Cloud Functions
15 11 (0.81%) Amazon ECS
15 11 (0.81%) AWS CloudFormation
15 11 (0.81%) Azure Active Directory
15 11 (0.81%) Google Data Studio
16 9 (0.66%) AWS Lambda
16 9 (0.66%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 129 (9.46%) Firewall
2 42 (3.08%) DNS
3 40 (2.93%) VPN
4 36 (2.64%) Network Security
5 33 (2.42%) DHCP
6 27 (1.98%) Intrusion Detection
7 22 (1.61%) WAN
8 21 (1.54%) SAN
9 19 (1.39%) LAN
9 19 (1.39%) TCP/IP
10 16 (1.17%) Internet
11 15 (1.10%) Skype
12 14 (1.03%) VoIP
13 13 (0.95%) iSCSI
14 12 (0.88%) FTP
15 9 (0.66%) Wireless
16 7 (0.51%) SSL
16 7 (0.51%) Wi-Fi
17 6 (0.44%) Cisco Nexus
18 5 (0.37%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 83 (6.09%) SQL Server
2 66 (4.84%) Power BI
3 63 (4.62%) Data Warehouse
4 39 (2.86%) Big Data
5 24 (1.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 24 (1.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 23 (1.69%) Oracle Reports
7 22 (1.61%) BigQuery
7 22 (1.61%) PostgreSQL
7 22 (1.61%) Relational Database
7 22 (1.61%) Tableau
8 21 (1.54%) Data Mining
8 21 (1.54%) MySQL
9 18 (1.32%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 17 (1.25%) NoSQL
10 17 (1.25%) SQL Server 2016
11 13 (0.95%) Data Lake
11 13 (0.95%) Looker
11 13 (0.95%) Oracle Smart View
12 12 (0.88%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 40 (2.93%) Git (software)
2 32 (2.35%) Jenkins
2 32 (2.35%) JIRA
3 12 (0.88%) Travis CI
4 11 (0.81%) Oracle Forms
5 10 (0.73%) Postman
5 10 (0.73%) Selenium
6 9 (0.66%) GitLab
7 8 (0.59%) Bitbucket
7 8 (0.59%) Team Foundation Server
8 7 (0.51%) eggPlant
8 7 (0.51%) JUnit
8 7 (0.51%) PHPUnit
8 7 (0.51%) Protractor
9 6 (0.44%) Mocha
9 6 (0.44%) Sonatype Nexus
10 5 (0.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 3 (0.22%) gulp
11 3 (0.22%) Visual Studio
12 2 (0.15%) SonarQube
General
1 283 (20.75%) Finance
2 255 (18.70%) Legal
3 176 (12.90%) Manufacturing
4 151 (11.07%) Law
5 131 (9.60%) Pharmaceutical
6 127 (9.31%) Digital Economy
7 100 (7.33%) Marketing
8 74 (5.43%) Retail
9 72 (5.28%) Public Sector
10 58 (4.25%) Games
11 53 (3.89%) Telecoms
12 38 (2.79%) Banking
13 27 (1.98%) Electronics
14 18 (1.32%) Billing
15 15 (1.10%) Financial Institution
15 15 (1.10%) General Ledger
16 8 (0.59%) Local Government
16 8 (0.59%) Publishing
17 7 (0.51%) Housing Association
18 6 (0.44%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 247 (18.11%) Analyst
2 155 (11.36%) Consultant
3 141 (10.34%) Administrator
4 114 (8.36%) Data Administrator
5 80 (5.87%) Architect
6 72 (5.28%) Security Analyst
7 66 (4.84%) Security Engineer
8 55 (4.03%) Security Consultant
8 55 (4.03%) Service Analyst
9 53 (3.89%) Service Desk Analyst
10 51 (3.74%) Developer
11 46 (3.37%) Cloud Consultant
11 46 (3.37%) Security Manager
11 46 (3.37%) Security Specialist
12 39 (2.86%) Security Architect
12 39 (2.86%) Team Leader
13 38 (2.79%) Senior Analyst
14 35 (2.57%) IT Manager
15 34 (2.49%) Data Analyst
15 34 (2.49%) IT Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (3.59%) Web Services
2 32 (2.35%) HTML
3 28 (2.05%) Node.js
4 24 (1.76%) .NET
5 22 (1.61%) CSS
6 20 (1.47%) AngularJS
7 18 (1.32%) Middleware
8 17 (1.25%) jQuery
8 17 (1.25%) XML
9 16 (1.17%) React
9 16 (1.17%) RESTful
10 14 (1.03%) REST
11 13 (0.95%) Apache Beam
11 13 (0.95%) JSON
12 12 (0.88%) Akka
12 12 (0.88%) CSS3
12 12 (0.88%) HTML5
12 12 (0.88%) OAuth
13 9 (0.66%) Vue.js
14 7 (0.51%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 263 (19.28%) Management Information System
2 182 (13.34%) Analytical Skills
3 61 (4.47%) Data Protection Act
4 59 (4.33%) Self-Motivation
5 47 (3.45%) Public Cloud
6 29 (2.13%) Driving Licence
6 29 (2.13%) User Experience
7 23 (1.69%) Analytical Mindset
7 23 (1.69%) Cyberthreat
8 21 (1.54%) e-Learning
9 16 (1.17%) Social Media
10 15 (1.10%) Private Cloud
11 14 (1.03%) Cloud Native
11 14 (1.03%) Data Centre
11 14 (1.03%) Video Conferencing
12 13 (0.95%) Enterprise Storage
12 13 (0.95%) Hedge funds
12 13 (0.95%) NHS
13 12 (0.88%) CMDB
13 12 (0.88%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 188 (13.78%) Windows
2 77 (5.65%) Windows 10
3 66 (4.84%) Linux
4 64 (4.69%) Windows Server
5 23 (1.69%) Unix
6 14 (1.03%) Windows Server 2008
7 12 (0.88%) Mac OS
7 12 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 12 (0.88%) Windows Server 2016
8 11 (0.81%) Apple iOS
9 10 (0.73%) Windows Server 2019
10 8 (0.59%) Windows Server 2012
11 6 (0.44%) Android
12 4 (0.29%) Windows XP
13 3 (0.22%) Solaris
13 3 (0.22%) Windows 7
14 2 (0.15%) AIX
15 1 (0.073%) HPUX
15 1 (0.073%) Windows Phone
15 1 (0.073%) Windows Phone 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 436 (31.96%) Information Security
2 366 (26.83%) Data Protection
3 236 (17.30%) Agile Software Development
4 230 (16.86%) Project Management
5 225 (16.50%) Problem-Solving
6 220 (16.13%) Cybersecurity
7 207 (15.18%) ITIL
8 176 (12.90%) Business Intelligence
9 132 (9.68%) Risk Management
10 129 (9.46%) Matrix Organization
11 122 (8.94%) DevOps
12 119 (8.72%) Analytics
13 105 (7.70%) Change Management
14 97 (7.11%) Data Security
15 93 (6.82%) Data Privacy
16 91 (6.67%) Decision-Making
16 91 (6.67%) Service Management
17 88 (6.45%) Continuous Improvement
18 84 (6.16%) Stakeholder Management
19 73 (5.35%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 159 (11.66%) SQL
2 88 (6.45%) Python
3 46 (3.37%) PowerShell
4 43 (3.15%) JavaScript
5 41 (3.01%) Java
6 36 (2.64%) C
7 32 (2.35%) T-SQL
8 30 (2.20%) C#
9 28 (2.05%) Bash Shell
10 22 (1.61%) R
11 17 (1.25%) PHP
12 14 (1.03%) Scala
13 11 (0.81%) PL/SQL
14 10 (0.73%) Go
14 10 (0.73%) VBA
15 9 (0.66%) C++
16 4 (0.29%) Perl
16 4 (0.29%) Shell Script
17 3 (0.22%) Ruby
17 3 (0.22%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 142 (10.41%) CISSP
2 137 (10.04%) Degree
3 112 (8.21%) CISM
4 64 (4.69%) Cisco Certification
5 60 (4.40%) Security Cleared
6 40 (2.93%) SSCP
7 36 (2.64%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 33 (2.42%) BPSS Clearance
8 33 (2.42%) Oracle Certification
9 31 (2.27%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 31 (2.27%) CSSLP
10 30 (2.20%) CISA
11 17 (1.25%) CCNP
11 17 (1.25%) OSCP
12 16 (1.17%) ISEB
13 15 (1.10%) PCI QSA
14 13 (0.95%) CCNA
14 13 (0.95%) OSCE
14 13 (0.95%) SC Cleared
15 12 (0.88%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 345 (25.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 214 (15.69%) PCI DSS
3 145 (10.63%) NIST
4 121 (8.87%) SLA
5 97 (7.11%) Cyber Essentials
6 70 (5.13%) QA
7 54 (3.96%) GRC
7 54 (3.96%) ISO 9001
8 51 (3.74%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 39 (2.86%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 35 (2.57%) BS25999
11 31 (2.27%) Data Quality
12 30 (2.20%) NCSC
13 26 (1.91%) COBIT
14 21 (1.54%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 21 (1.54%) HIPAA
14 21 (1.54%) SOC 2
15 18 (1.32%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 16 (1.17%) HMG Security Policy Framework
17 14 (1.03%) NIST 800
System Software
1 94 (6.89%) Active Directory
2 49 (3.59%) VMware Infrastructure
3 35 (2.57%) Docker
4 31 (2.27%) Hyper-V
5 14 (1.03%) XenApp
5 14 (1.03%) XenDesktop
6 13 (0.95%) BitLocker
6 13 (0.95%) NFS
7 11 (0.81%) VMware ESXi
8 8 (0.59%) Shibboleth
9 6 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
10 5 (0.37%) vSphere
11 4 (0.29%) vCloud
11 4 (0.29%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (0.15%) Terminal Server
12 2 (0.15%) VMware NSX
13 1 (0.073%) HDFS
13 1 (0.073%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 53 (3.89%) Kubernetes
2 51 (3.74%) Terraform
3 28 (2.05%) Ansible
4 21 (1.54%) Prometheus
5 15 (1.10%) IBM BigFix
6 13 (0.95%) Backup Exec
6 13 (0.95%) CASB
6 13 (0.95%) Microsoft Intune
7 12 (0.88%) Grafana
7 12 (0.88%) Single Sign-On
8 10 (0.73%) SCCM
9 9 (0.66%) Consul
9 9 (0.66%) linkerd
9 9 (0.66%) Nessus
10 8 (0.59%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 8 (0.59%) McAfee ePO
10 8 (0.59%) Puppet
10 8 (0.59%) SolarWinds Orion
11 5 (0.37%) OpenVAS
11 5 (0.37%) RSA Archer
Vendors
1 354 (25.95%) Microsoft
2 75 (5.50%) Oracle
3 67 (4.91%) Google
4 66 (4.84%) VMware
5 59 (4.33%) Citrix
6 53 (3.89%) Salesforce.com
7 44 (3.23%) SAP
8 41 (3.01%) Cisco
9 26 (1.91%) Sophos
10 24 (1.76%) IBM
10 24 (1.76%) ServiceNow
10 24 (1.76%) Veeam
11 18 (1.32%) Apple
12 14 (1.03%) Avaya
13 13 (0.95%) OneTrust
14 12 (0.88%) Red Hat
15 11 (0.81%) Atlassian
15 11 (0.81%) CyberArk
15 11 (0.81%) Juniper
15 11 (0.81%) SolarWinds