Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 240 230 253
Rank change year-on-year -10 +23 -15
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 2,948 1,604 1,013
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.62% 1.49% 1.28%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 9.21% 10.76% 9.96%
Number of salaries quoted 1,382 940 758
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,475 £35,428
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £43,494
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% - -
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £91,025 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +10.53% -9.52% +5.00%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 31,997 14,913 10,172
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.61% 13.83% 12.88%
Number of salaries quoted 13,976 9,374 7,868
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £53,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +2.80% +1.90% +5.00%
75th Percentile £73,750 £71,250 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,800 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +4.84% - +5.56%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Salary trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -12 2,410 £57,500 +4.55% 231
UK excluding London +39 1,686 £52,500 +10.53% 177
Work from Home -48 1,040 £60,000 +9.09% 87
London -69 1,031 £60,152 -7.46% 72
North of England +39 411 £55,000 +22.22% 43
South East +2 408 £55,000 +0.46% 51
North West +60 323 £60,000 +33.33% 27
Scotland +87 275 £52,500 +2.94% 12
Midlands -8 265 £52,500 +16.67% 26
South West +62 218 £52,500 +11.70% 23
West Midlands -7 212 £52,500 +5.00% 11
East of England -65 79 £57,500 - 14
Yorkshire -47 73 £55,000 +22.22% 10
Wales -2 59 £52,500 +41.89% 7
East Midlands -31 46 £50,173 +20.90% 14
North East -20 16 £37,700 -16.22% 6
Northern Ireland -23 6 £50,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 1,032 (35.01%) Social Skills
2 776 (26.32%) Finance
3 742 (25.17%) Problem-Solving
4 691 (23.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 666 (22.59%) Data Protection
6 658 (22.32%) Information Security
7 641 (21.74%) Cybersecurity
8 609 (20.66%) Agile
9 583 (19.78%) Azure
10 540 (18.32%) Microsoft
11 534 (18.11%) Coaching
12 517 (17.54%) SQL
13 504 (17.10%) AWS
14 479 (16.25%) Continuous Improvement
15 446 (15.13%) Analytics
16 437 (14.82%) Organisational Skills
17 398 (13.50%) People Management
18 386 (13.09%) Management Information System
19 377 (12.79%) NHS
20 376 (12.75%) NIST
21 359 (12.18%) Cyber Essentials
22 350 (11.87%) Degree
23 348 (11.80%) DevOps
24 339 (11.50%) SIEM
25 338 (11.47%) Data Entry
26 320 (10.85%) Python
27 316 (10.72%) Legal
28 313 (10.62%) Windows
28 313 (10.62%) Microsoft 365
29 312 (10.58%) PCI DSS

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 114 (3.87%) SharePoint
2 50 (1.70%) CMS
3 48 (1.63%) Apache Airflow
4 46 (1.56%) MS Exchange
5 41 (1.39%) SAS
6 40 (1.36%) Apache Spark
7 38 (1.29%) Apache
8 34 (1.15%) Confluence
9 13 (0.44%) Tomcat
9 13 (0.44%) WordPress
10 11 (0.37%) IIS
10 11 (0.37%) Umbraco
11 7 (0.24%) EPiServer
11 7 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 5 (0.17%) Sitecore CMS
13 4 (0.14%) ArcGIS
14 3 (0.10%) Apache Pulsar
14 3 (0.10%) Captiva
14 3 (0.10%) FileNet
14 3 (0.10%) WebSphere
Applications
1 170 (5.77%) Microsoft Excel
2 100 (3.39%) Microsoft Office
3 53 (1.80%) Campfire
4 32 (1.09%) SPSS
5 31 (1.05%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 20 (0.68%) Photoshop
7 18 (0.61%) MS Visio
8 13 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
9 9 (0.31%) AutoCAD
10 7 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
11 1 (0.034%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.034%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.034%) Adobe XD
11 1 (0.034%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 37 (1.26%) Dynamics CRM
2 35 (1.19%) Payment Gateway
3 33 (1.12%) SessionCam
3 33 (1.12%) WebTrends
4 20 (0.68%) Magento
5 6 (0.20%) NetSuite
5 6 (0.20%) Odoo
5 6 (0.20%) SAP MDG
5 6 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
6 5 (0.17%) OpenText VIM for SAP
7 4 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.10%) FastStats
8 3 (0.10%) FastStats PeopleStage
8 3 (0.10%) iTrent
8 3 (0.10%) Northgate Housing
8 3 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.10%) Shopify
8 3 (0.10%) Unit4 Business World
9 2 (0.068%) Eloqua
9 2 (0.068%) Raiser's Edge
Cloud Services
1 583 (19.78%) Azure
2 504 (17.10%) AWS
3 313 (10.62%) Microsoft 365
4 276 (9.36%) Power Platform
5 161 (5.46%) GCP
6 125 (4.24%) Serverless
7 120 (4.07%) SaaS
8 102 (3.46%) Azure Active Directory
9 100 (3.39%) Cloud Computing
10 91 (3.09%) GitHub
11 80 (2.71%) AWS CloudFormation
12 78 (2.65%) Azure DevOps
13 71 (2.41%) IaaS
14 64 (2.17%) Google Analytics
15 62 (2.10%) Dynamics 365
16 57 (1.93%) Snowflake
17 55 (1.87%) Amazon S3
18 54 (1.83%) Azure Data Factory
19 45 (1.53%) Amazon EKS
20 40 (1.36%) Collibra
Communications & Networking
1 222 (7.53%) Firewall
2 142 (4.82%) Network Security
3 91 (3.09%) VPN
4 82 (2.78%) WAN
5 70 (2.37%) DNS
6 65 (2.20%) Broadband
7 54 (1.83%) Internet
7 54 (1.83%) SSL
8 52 (1.76%) LAN
9 48 (1.63%) Intrusion Detection
10 34 (1.15%) TCP/IP
11 33 (1.12%) DHCP
12 28 (0.95%) Wireless
13 20 (0.68%) Intranet
14 18 (0.61%) Cisco Nexus
14 18 (0.61%) SD-WAN
15 17 (0.58%) SMS
16 16 (0.54%) Wi-Fi
17 14 (0.47%) SAN
18 13 (0.44%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 232 (7.87%) Power BI
2 187 (6.34%) SQL Server
3 177 (6.00%) Data Warehouse
4 119 (4.04%) NoSQL
5 108 (3.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 95 (3.22%) Relational Database
7 90 (3.05%) Big Data
8 78 (2.65%) Tableau
9 74 (2.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 73 (2.48%) Data Lake
10 73 (2.48%) MySQL
11 62 (2.10%) Hadoop
12 55 (1.87%) Elasticsearch
13 53 (1.80%) PostgreSQL
14 51 (1.73%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 46 (1.56%) Metadata
16 39 (1.32%) DynamoDB
16 39 (1.32%) QlikView
17 35 (1.19%) Amazon Redshift
18 34 (1.15%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 105 (3.56%) Git (software)
2 83 (2.82%) JIRA
3 39 (1.32%) Burp Suite
4 37 (1.26%) Jenkins
5 34 (1.15%) GitLab
6 22 (0.75%) Cypress.io
7 19 (0.64%) Postman
8 18 (0.61%) ESLint
9 17 (0.58%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 15 (0.51%) Log4j
11 13 (0.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 13 (0.44%) CircleCI
11 13 (0.44%) Emacs
11 13 (0.44%) SonarQube
12 12 (0.41%) fastlane
13 10 (0.34%) Bitbucket
13 10 (0.34%) git-flow
14 9 (0.31%) Octopus Deploy
14 9 (0.31%) Storybook
14 9 (0.31%) webpack
General
1 1,032 (35.01%) Social Skills
2 776 (26.32%) Finance
3 437 (14.82%) Organisational Skills
4 316 (10.72%) Legal
5 301 (10.21%) Analytical Skills
6 287 (9.74%) Banking
7 276 (9.36%) Marketing
8 174 (5.90%) Police
9 160 (5.43%) Retail
10 159 (5.39%) Law
11 124 (4.21%) Influencing Skills
12 107 (3.63%) Presentation Skills
13 105 (3.56%) Public Sector
14 95 (3.22%) Manufacturing
15 92 (3.12%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 88 (2.99%) Games
17 78 (2.65%) Digital Economy
18 66 (2.24%) Telecoms
19 50 (1.70%) Advertising
20 40 (1.36%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 393 (13.33%) Analyst
2 384 (13.03%) Architect
3 354 (12.01%) Team Leader
4 237 (8.04%) Security Architect
5 186 (6.31%) Security Manager
6 149 (5.05%) Developer
7 145 (4.92%) Administrator
8 123 (4.17%) Data Administrator
9 121 (4.10%) IT Manager
10 118 (4.00%) Consultant
11 115 (3.90%) Security Analyst
12 111 (3.77%) Data Engineer
13 106 (3.60%) Data Analyst
14 98 (3.32%) Solutions Architect
15 90 (3.05%) Information Manager
16 85 (2.88%) Security Engineer
17 82 (2.78%) Information Security Manager
18 72 (2.44%) Data Manager
19 69 (2.34%) Project Manager
20 68 (2.31%) Information Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 127 (4.31%) CSS
2 126 (4.27%) HTML
3 102 (3.46%) Node.js
4 101 (3.43%) .NET
5 87 (2.95%) React
6 75 (2.54%) Kafka
7 63 (2.14%) REST
8 39 (1.32%) JSON
8 39 (1.32%) React Native
9 37 (1.26%) AngularJS
9 37 (1.26%) OAuth
10 36 (1.22%) SAML
11 32 (1.09%) OpenID
12 27 (0.92%) GraphQL
12 27 (0.92%) Sass
13 25 (0.85%) Spring
14 24 (0.81%) RESTful
15 23 (0.78%) ASP.NET Web API
16 22 (0.75%) Apache Beam
16 22 (0.75%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 386 (13.09%) Management Information System
2 377 (12.79%) NHS
3 213 (7.23%) Data Protection Act
4 172 (5.83%) Smart Meter
5 162 (5.50%) Self-Motivation
6 154 (5.22%) User Experience
7 119 (4.04%) Data Centre
8 88 (2.99%) Cloud Native
9 79 (2.68%) Mobile App
10 76 (2.58%) Public Cloud
11 69 (2.34%) Blog
12 66 (2.24%) Virtual Team
13 45 (1.53%) Social Media
14 36 (1.22%) Freedom of Information
15 35 (1.19%) Data Structures
16 27 (0.92%) Hedge funds
16 27 (0.92%) Life Science
17 25 (0.85%) Client/Server
17 25 (0.85%) Security Operations Centre
18 22 (0.75%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 313 (10.62%) Windows
2 167 (5.66%) Linux
3 99 (3.36%) Windows Server
4 64 (2.17%) Windows 10
5 57 (1.93%) Unix
6 27 (0.92%) Android
7 24 (0.81%) Kali Linux
8 23 (0.78%) Windows 7
9 19 (0.64%) Mac OS
10 17 (0.58%) Windows Server 2016
11 16 (0.54%) Windows Server 2019
12 15 (0.51%) Apple iOS
13 10 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 9 (0.31%) Solaris
15 6 (0.20%) CentOS
15 6 (0.20%) VMS
15 6 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
16 5 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
17 3 (0.10%) Windows 8
18 2 (0.068%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 742 (25.17%) Problem-Solving
2 666 (22.59%) Data Protection
3 658 (22.32%) Information Security
4 641 (21.74%) Cybersecurity
5 609 (20.66%) Agile
6 534 (18.11%) Coaching
7 479 (16.25%) Continuous Improvement
8 446 (15.13%) Analytics
9 398 (13.50%) People Management
10 348 (11.80%) DevOps
11 339 (11.50%) SIEM
12 338 (11.47%) Data Entry
13 304 (10.31%) Data Privacy
14 292 (9.91%) Vulnerability Management
15 290 (9.84%) Business Intelligence
16 276 (9.36%) Data Management
17 231 (7.84%) Security Testing
18 228 (7.73%) Risk Management
19 222 (7.53%) Data Security
20 215 (7.29%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 517 (17.54%) SQL
2 320 (10.85%) Python
3 195 (6.61%) JavaScript
4 158 (5.36%) C#
5 124 (4.21%) Java
6 97 (3.29%) PowerShell
7 85 (2.88%) T-SQL
8 68 (2.31%) TypeScript
9 47 (1.59%) Scala
10 46 (1.56%) R
11 34 (1.15%) C
12 29 (0.98%) C++
13 28 (0.95%) Shell Script
14 26 (0.88%) Perl
14 26 (0.88%) Ruby
15 23 (0.78%) Go
15 23 (0.78%) PHP
16 21 (0.71%) Bash
17 8 (0.27%) VB.NET
18 7 (0.24%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 350 (11.87%) Degree
2 267 (9.06%) CISSP
3 170 (5.77%) CISM
4 102 (3.46%) CISA
5 98 (3.32%) Security Cleared
6 67 (2.27%) SC Cleared
7 66 (2.24%) Cisco Certification
8 45 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
9 39 (1.32%) CompTIA Security+
9 39 (1.32%) Microsoft Certification
10 36 (1.22%) ISEB
10 36 (1.22%) OSCP
11 31 (1.05%) AWS Certification
12 30 (1.02%) ITIL Certification
13 29 (0.98%) ISACA
14 27 (0.92%) CEH
14 27 (0.92%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
15 26 (0.88%) CRISC
16 25 (0.85%) CIPD
17 23 (0.78%) ICAEW
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 691 (23.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 376 (12.75%) NIST
3 359 (12.18%) Cyber Essentials
4 312 (10.58%) PCI DSS
5 237 (8.04%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 193 (6.55%) QA
7 143 (4.85%) Data Quality
8 91 (3.09%) GRC
8 91 (3.09%) HIPAA
9 77 (2.61%) Accessibility
10 72 (2.44%) SLA
11 50 (1.70%) NCSC
12 49 (1.66%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 42 (1.42%) SOC 2
14 36 (1.22%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 33 (1.12%) ISO 22301
16 31 (1.05%) COBIT
17 28 (0.95%) PMO
18 23 (0.78%) JSP 440
18 23 (0.78%) WCAG
System Software
1 175 (5.94%) Active Directory
2 160 (5.43%) Docker
3 53 (1.80%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (0.75%) ProxySG
5 17 (0.58%) Hyper-V
6 12 (0.41%) vSphere
7 8 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
8 3 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.068%) Firmware
9 2 (0.068%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.034%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 157 (5.33%) Kubernetes
2 141 (4.78%) Terraform
3 70 (2.37%) Ansible
4 32 (1.09%) Single Sign-On
5 28 (0.95%) Microsoft Intune
6 24 (0.81%) SCCM
7 23 (0.78%) Grafana
7 23 (0.78%) Prometheus
8 22 (0.75%) CASB
9 21 (0.71%) Nessus
10 20 (0.68%) Kibana
11 17 (0.58%) QRadar
12 16 (0.54%) FortiGate
13 15 (0.51%) Trend Micro Deep Security
14 12 (0.41%) Graylog
15 9 (0.31%) NetBackup
16 8 (0.27%) CSIRT
16 8 (0.27%) Opscode Chef
17 6 (0.20%) Oracle ZFS
17 6 (0.20%) WSUS
Vendors
1 540 (18.32%) Microsoft
2 164 (5.56%) Google
3 98 (3.32%) Oracle
4 82 (2.78%) Salesforce.com
5 72 (2.44%) VMware
6 71 (2.41%) Adobe
7 65 (2.20%) Cisco
8 52 (1.76%) IBM
9 48 (1.63%) SAP
10 41 (1.39%) ServiceNow
11 37 (1.26%) OneTrust
12 36 (1.22%) Databricks
13 35 (1.19%) Hotjar
14 33 (1.12%) Tealeaf
14 33 (1.12%) Tealium
15 32 (1.09%) Cognos
15 32 (1.09%) Informatica
16 31 (1.05%) Apple
16 31 (1.05%) Forcepoint
17 27 (0.92%) Qualys