Period
to 20 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 20 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 196 295 1041
Rank change year-on-year +99 +746 +264
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 2,671 2,009 157
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.76% 1.14% 0.090%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 12.75% 8.94% 0.73%
Number of salaries quoted 1,554 1,695 120
UK median annual salary £52,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -12.50% - -
10th Percentile £32,500 £37,100 £39,337
90th Percentile £85,000 £87,500 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,125 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year -6.43% - -

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 20,941 22,460 21,621
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.83% 12.71% 12.37%
Number of salaries quoted 15,357 17,472 17,138
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,750 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% +0.59% -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing GDPR.

Salary trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 20 February 2019.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +107 2,541 £52,500 -12.50% 426
UK excluding London +168 1,763 £49,125 -6.43% 318
London -3 832 £62,500 -7.41% 130
Midlands +223 587 £49,756 +3.12% 66
West Midlands +189 494 £50,000 +2.04% 47
South East +148 478 £50,000 -14.53% 57
North of England +106 441 £47,500 -13.64% 95
North West +164 313 £45,000 -16.28% 70
South West +65 144 £43,000 -14.00% 51
Yorkshire +11 106 £47,500 -13.64% 22
East of England +44 96 £49,500 -7.91% 27
East Midlands +83 89 £45,784 +1.74% 19
Scotland -24 38 £53,750 -2.27% 13
Wales +22 26 £43,750 +9.38% 7
North East +11 22 £62,500 +19.05% 3
Northern Ireland -22 6 £45,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 20 February 2019, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 1,193 (44.66%) Data Protection
2 800 (29.95%) Information Security
3 727 (27.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 683 (25.57%) Microsoft
5 644 (24.11%) Finance
6 535 (20.03%) ITIL
7 508 (19.02%) Windows
8 472 (17.67%) Agile Software Development
9 465 (17.41%) CISSP
10 444 (16.62%) SQL
11 430 (16.10%) PCI DSS
12 419 (15.69%) Management Information System
13 410 (15.35%) Cybersecurity
14 368 (13.78%) Project Management
14 368 (13.78%) Microsoft Azure
15 363 (13.59%) Degree
16 352 (13.18%) Data Centre
17 329 (12.32%) Stakeholder Management
18 309 (11.57%) Problem-Solving
19 308 (11.53%) SQL Server
20 305 (11.42%) Amazon AWS
21 304 (11.38%) VMware
22 295 (11.04%) Analytical Skills
23 291 (10.89%) Presales
24 289 (10.82%) Network Security
25 287 (10.75%) Legal
25 287 (10.75%) Linux
26 283 (10.60%) Continuous Improvement
27 276 (10.33%) SIEM
28 266 (9.96%) CISM

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 118 (4.42%) SharePoint
2 84 (3.14%) Apache
3 64 (2.40%) Tomcat
4 41 (1.54%) Confluence
5 35 (1.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 33 (1.24%) SAS
7 32 (1.20%) Apache Solr
8 30 (1.12%) Apache Spark
9 23 (0.86%) MS Exchange
10 21 (0.79%) IIS
10 21 (0.79%) Skype for Business
11 13 (0.49%) CMS
12 12 (0.45%) SharePoint Server
13 9 (0.34%) Elasticsearch
14 8 (0.30%) BizTalk Server
14 8 (0.30%) SharePoint 2010
14 8 (0.30%) SharePoint 2013
14 8 (0.30%) WebSphere
15 7 (0.26%) JBoss
16 6 (0.22%) IBM Notes
Applications
1 198 (7.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 147 (5.50%) Microsoft Office
3 139 (5.20%) Microsoft Excel
4 50 (1.87%) MS Visio
5 21 (0.79%) Microsoft Project
6 15 (0.56%) Spreadsheet
7 11 (0.41%) Photoshop
8 8 (0.30%) SPSS
9 6 (0.22%) Stata
10 5 (0.19%) Maple
11 3 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 3 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
12 2 (0.075%) HipChat
12 2 (0.075%) Open Workbench
12 2 (0.075%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 34 (1.27%) Temenos T24
2 23 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (0.56%) SAP ERP
4 14 (0.52%) NetSuite
5 9 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
6 6 (0.22%) Unit4 Business World
7 5 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 5 (0.19%) SAP CRM
8 4 (0.15%) FastStats
8 4 (0.15%) OPENHousing
9 3 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
9 3 (0.11%) Eloqua
9 3 (0.11%) RiskWrite
9 3 (0.11%) Sage CRM
9 3 (0.11%) SAP FS
10 2 (0.075%) iTrent
10 2 (0.075%) Sentinel
10 2 (0.075%) Shopify
10 2 (0.075%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 368 (13.78%) Microsoft Azure
2 305 (11.42%) Amazon AWS
3 175 (6.55%) Office 365
4 144 (5.39%) SaaS
5 69 (2.58%) IaaS
5 69 (2.58%) PaaS
6 46 (1.72%) Amazon S3
7 44 (1.65%) Amazon EC2
8 38 (1.42%) Azure Active Directory
8 38 (1.42%) Cloud Computing
9 35 (1.31%) AWS CloudFormation
10 33 (1.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 31 (1.16%) Google Cloud Platform
12 24 (0.90%) Serverless
13 22 (0.82%) Amazon EMR
14 21 (0.79%) AWS Lambda
14 21 (0.79%) Google Analytics
15 19 (0.71%) Amazon Kinesis
16 18 (0.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 18 (0.67%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 289 (10.82%) Network Security
2 258 (9.66%) Firewall
3 167 (6.25%) DNS
4 144 (5.39%) Wi-Fi
5 90 (3.37%) Internet
6 80 (3.00%) DHCP
7 71 (2.66%) HTTP
8 66 (2.47%) WAN
9 50 (1.87%) SAN
9 50 (1.87%) SSL
10 47 (1.76%) VPN
11 46 (1.72%) VoIP
12 45 (1.68%) LAN
13 42 (1.57%) Cisco ASA
14 39 (1.46%) TCP/IP
15 37 (1.39%) Intranet
16 33 (1.24%) Intrusion Detection
17 32 (1.20%) VLAN
17 32 (1.20%) Wireless
18 27 (1.01%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 308 (11.53%) SQL Server
2 130 (4.87%) Data Warehouse
3 113 (4.23%) Big Data
4 96 (3.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 94 (3.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 77 (2.88%) Power BI
7 75 (2.81%) Relational Database
8 68 (2.55%) Hadoop
9 62 (2.32%) MySQL
10 60 (2.25%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 59 (2.21%) NoSQL
12 50 (1.87%) SQL Server 2016
13 38 (1.42%) SQL Server 2012
14 37 (1.39%) MongoDB
15 35 (1.31%) Amazon RDS
16 25 (0.94%) Amazon Aurora
17 23 (0.86%) Oracle Reports
18 20 (0.75%) Azure SQL Database
18 20 (0.75%) QlikView
19 19 (0.71%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 103 (3.86%) JIRA
2 93 (3.48%) Git (software)
3 70 (2.62%) Subversion
4 66 (2.47%) Visual Studio
5 63 (2.36%) Team Foundation Server
6 35 (1.31%) Visual Studio Team System
7 34 (1.27%) Bitbucket
8 31 (1.16%) Jenkins
9 24 (0.90%) ER Studio
9 24 (0.90%) ERwin
10 21 (0.79%) Selenium
11 20 (0.75%) Hudson
12 19 (0.71%) TeamCity
13 13 (0.49%) Gradle
14 9 (0.34%) Maven
15 8 (0.30%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
16 7 (0.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 6 (0.22%) Cucumber
17 6 (0.22%) Octopus Deploy
18 5 (0.19%) gulp
General
1 644 (24.11%) Finance
2 287 (10.75%) Legal
3 185 (6.93%) Retail
4 139 (5.20%) Marketing
5 127 (4.75%) Law
6 122 (4.57%) Banking
7 61 (2.28%) Games
8 60 (2.25%) Front Office
9 55 (2.06%) Telecoms
10 45 (1.68%) Advertising
11 44 (1.65%) Manufacturing
12 36 (1.35%) Billing
13 33 (1.24%) Publishing
14 32 (1.20%) Back Office
15 20 (0.75%) Financial Institution
16 19 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
17 18 (0.67%) Local Government
18 15 (0.56%) Investment Banking
19 7 (0.26%) German Language
20 5 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 504 (18.87%) Analyst
2 376 (14.08%) Architect
3 266 (9.96%) Security Analyst
4 171 (6.40%) Developer
5 164 (6.14%) Security Manager
6 162 (6.07%) IT Analyst
7 149 (5.58%) IT Security Analyst
8 143 (5.35%) Senior Analyst
9 119 (4.46%) Senior Security Analyst
10 117 (4.38%) Consultant
11 106 (3.97%) Information Manager
12 104 (3.89%) Security Architect
13 103 (3.86%) Senior IT Security Analyst
14 101 (3.78%) Information Security Manager
15 96 (3.59%) Service Manager
16 94 (3.52%) IT Engineer
17 90 (3.37%) Project Manager
18 88 (3.29%) IT Manager
19 85 (3.18%) Support Engineer
20 84 (3.14%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 145 (5.43%) .NET
2 135 (5.05%) Web Services
3 123 (4.61%) HTML
4 101 (3.78%) CSS
5 80 (3.00%) React
6 69 (2.58%) ASP.NET
7 64 (2.40%) REST
8 62 (2.32%) AngularJS
9 57 (2.13%) Node.js
10 47 (1.76%) Spring
11 42 (1.57%) JSON
12 41 (1.54%) OAuth
13 39 (1.46%) jQuery
14 37 (1.39%) .NET Framework
15 36 (1.35%) SOAP
16 31 (1.16%) HTML5
17 29 (1.09%) Vue.js
18 28 (1.05%) RESTful
19 27 (1.01%) ASP.NET Web API
19 27 (1.01%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 419 (15.69%) Management Information System
2 352 (13.18%) Data Centre
3 295 (11.04%) Analytical Skills
4 199 (7.45%) Self-Motivation
5 140 (5.24%) Data Protection Act
6 103 (3.86%) Cyber Kill Chain
7 57 (2.13%) Public Cloud
8 56 (2.10%) Hybrid Cloud
9 51 (1.91%) Driving Licence
10 43 (1.61%) Mobile App
10 43 (1.61%) Security Operations Centre
11 40 (1.50%) CMDB
11 40 (1.50%) NHS
12 39 (1.46%) Cyberthreat
12 39 (1.46%) User Experience
13 35 (1.31%) PKI
14 32 (1.20%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 30 (1.12%) IVR
16 28 (1.05%) CESG
16 28 (1.05%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 508 (19.02%) Windows
2 287 (10.75%) Linux
3 164 (6.14%) Windows Server
4 95 (3.56%) Unix
5 73 (2.73%) Windows Server 2008
6 63 (2.36%) Windows 10
7 59 (2.21%) Windows 7
8 47 (1.76%) Windows Server 2012
9 35 (1.31%) Windows Server 2003
10 32 (1.20%) Apple iOS
11 30 (1.12%) Android
12 11 (0.41%) Ubuntu
13 10 (0.37%) Windows 8
14 8 (0.30%) Debian
15 7 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 7 (0.26%) Windows NT
16 5 (0.19%) CentOS
16 5 (0.19%) Kali Linux
17 3 (0.11%) Mac OS
17 3 (0.11%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,193 (44.66%) Data Protection
2 800 (29.95%) Information Security
3 535 (20.03%) ITIL
4 472 (17.67%) Agile Software Development
5 410 (15.35%) Cybersecurity
6 368 (13.78%) Project Management
7 329 (12.32%) Stakeholder Management
8 309 (11.57%) Problem-Solving
9 291 (10.89%) Presales
10 283 (10.60%) Continuous Improvement
11 276 (10.33%) SIEM
12 254 (9.51%) Disaster Recovery
13 251 (9.40%) Service Delivery
14 249 (9.32%) Business Continuity
14 249 (9.32%) Risk Management
15 247 (9.25%) Penetration Testing
16 230 (8.61%) Mentoring
17 220 (8.24%) Due Diligence
18 205 (7.68%) Computer Science
19 201 (7.53%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 444 (16.62%) SQL
2 191 (7.15%) Java
3 160 (5.99%) JavaScript
4 154 (5.77%) PowerShell
5 111 (4.16%) Python
6 99 (3.71%) T-SQL
7 80 (3.00%) C#
8 69 (2.58%) PHP
9 52 (1.95%) Shell Script
10 43 (1.61%) VBScript
11 39 (1.46%) Perl
12 37 (1.39%) Bash Shell
13 35 (1.31%) R
14 28 (1.05%) C
14 28 (1.05%) Ruby
15 27 (1.01%) Scala
16 25 (0.94%) C++
16 25 (0.94%) PL/SQL
17 18 (0.67%) Bourne shell
17 18 (0.67%) C-shell
Qualifications
1 465 (17.41%) CISSP
2 363 (13.59%) Degree
3 266 (9.96%) CISM
4 241 (9.02%) Security Cleared
5 146 (5.47%) CISA
6 138 (5.17%) SANS
7 125 (4.68%) CREST Certified
8 113 (4.23%) SC Cleared
9 109 (4.08%) ISEB
10 106 (3.97%) Microsoft Certification
11 102 (3.82%) Computer Science Degree
12 87 (3.26%) MCSE
13 71 (2.66%) Cisco Certification
14 65 (2.43%) CEH
14 65 (2.43%) DV Cleared
15 64 (2.40%) ITIL Certification
16 60 (2.25%) CRISC
17 54 (2.02%) MCP
18 39 (1.46%) CCNP
18 39 (1.46%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 727 (27.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 430 (16.10%) PCI DSS
3 183 (6.85%) Cyber Essentials
4 133 (4.98%) SLA
5 90 (3.37%) QA
6 68 (2.55%) COBIT
7 65 (2.43%) HIPAA
8 61 (2.28%) Data Quality
9 57 (2.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 51 (1.91%) MiFID
11 48 (1.80%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 36 (1.35%) PMO
12 36 (1.35%) Solvency II
13 32 (1.20%) ISO 9001
14 30 (1.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 25 (0.94%) ISO 22301
16 21 (0.79%) IFRS
17 17 (0.64%) GPG13
18 14 (0.52%) Dodd-Frank
18 14 (0.52%) FATCA
System Software
1 260 (9.73%) Active Directory
2 240 (8.99%) VMware Infrastructure
3 109 (4.08%) Hyper-V
4 68 (2.55%) Docker
5 39 (1.46%) XenApp
6 37 (1.39%) Virtual Machines
7 27 (1.01%) DFS Replication
8 22 (0.82%) Snort
9 16 (0.60%) VMware ESXi
10 15 (0.56%) HDFS
11 10 (0.37%) Apache Flume
12 9 (0.34%) vSphere
13 7 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
14 5 (0.19%) XenDesktop
15 4 (0.15%) Microsoft App-V
16 3 (0.11%) PowerHA
16 3 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
16 3 (0.11%) VirtualBox
17 1 (0.037%) Microsoft Virtual Server
17 1 (0.037%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 82 (3.07%) SCCM
2 75 (2.81%) Ansible
3 57 (2.13%) Puppet
4 55 (2.06%) Opscode Chef
5 45 (1.68%) SCOM
6 43 (1.61%) Kubernetes
7 26 (0.97%) Nagios
8 22 (0.82%) Terraform
8 22 (0.82%) WSUS
9 21 (0.79%) SCVMM
10 18 (0.67%) Nessus
11 11 (0.41%) Microsoft Intune
12 10 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
12 10 (0.37%) OSSEC
13 9 (0.34%) Norton AntiVirus
14 7 (0.26%) AirWatch
15 6 (0.22%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
15 6 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
16 5 (0.19%) HP ALM
16 5 (0.19%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 683 (25.57%) Microsoft
2 304 (11.38%) VMware
3 246 (9.21%) Cisco
4 152 (5.69%) Oracle
5 117 (4.38%) Citrix
6 79 (2.96%) HP
7 71 (2.66%) ServiceNow
8 65 (2.43%) Splunk
9 62 (2.32%) Google
10 60 (2.25%) SAP
11 58 (2.17%) IBM
12 55 (2.06%) NetApp
12 55 (2.06%) SolarWinds
13 51 (1.91%) Tableau
14 46 (1.72%) CheckPoint
15 43 (1.61%) Cadence
16 42 (1.57%) EMC
16 42 (1.57%) Symantec
17 37 (1.39%) Dell
18 35 (1.31%) Ivanti