Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 242 567 1207
Rank change year-on-year +325 +640 -
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 2,360 840 73
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.40% 0.48% 0.037%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 10.36% 3.90% 0.28%
Number of salaries quoted 1,779 722 54
UK median annual salary £57,500 £60,000 £62,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.17% -3.23% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £38,750 £43,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £74,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £52,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year -8.65% -13.33% -

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 22,772 21,538 26,019
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.48% 12.22% 13.20%
Number of salaries quoted 17,199 16,075 20,657
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.04% +1.03% +7.78%
10th Percentile £28,750 £27,000 £26,750
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing GDPR.

Salary trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +311 2,184 £57,500 -4.17% 359
UK excluding London +299 1,323 £47,500 -8.65% 249
London +204 960 £65,000 -0.76% 121
North of England +204 380 £46,000 -5.64% 59
South East +152 312 £51,000 +2.00% 64
Midlands +178 298 £47,500 -13.64% 41
West Midlands +178 249 £47,500 -13.64% 26
North West +120 203 £47,500 -5.00% 37
Yorkshire +123 141 £42,500 -7.61% 13
South West +107 120 £48,750 -11.36% 36
East of England +87 114 £51,250 -8.89% 38
Scotland +23 54 £60,000 +29.73% 5
East Midlands +31 52 £45,000 -5.26% 15
Wales +38 37 £40,000 -11.11% 4
North East +18 36 £62,500 -21.88% 9
Northern Ireland - 8 £45,000 - 2
Isle of Man - 5 £55,000 -

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 964 (40.85%) Data Protection
2 925 (39.19%) Information Security
3 735 (31.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 580 (24.58%) Finance
5 532 (22.54%) CISSP
6 418 (17.71%) PCI DSS
7 392 (16.61%) ITIL
8 391 (16.57%) Cybersecurity
9 382 (16.19%) CISM
10 374 (15.85%) Risk Management
11 367 (15.55%) Agile Software Development
12 351 (14.87%) Microsoft
13 338 (14.32%) Windows
14 330 (13.98%) Management Information System
15 329 (13.94%) Degree
16 290 (12.29%) Project Management
17 271 (11.48%) Firewall
17 271 (11.48%) Legal
17 271 (11.48%) Stakeholder Management
18 266 (11.27%) CISA
19 253 (10.72%) Analytical Skills
20 239 (10.13%) SQL
21 226 (9.58%) SIEM
22 223 (9.45%) Data Privacy
23 206 (8.73%) Data Centre
24 195 (8.26%) Microsoft Azure
25 191 (8.09%) Problem-Solving
26 187 (7.92%) Retail
27 181 (7.67%) SQL Server
28 171 (7.25%) Network Security

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (3.94%) SharePoint
2 39 (1.65%) MS Exchange
3 31 (1.31%) Documentum
4 29 (1.23%) IIS
5 27 (1.14%) SAS
6 18 (0.76%) Exchange Server 2010
6 18 (0.76%) FileNet
7 15 (0.64%) Apache Spark
8 14 (0.59%) CMS
8 14 (0.59%) Skype for Business
9 11 (0.47%) Elasticsearch
9 11 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2013
10 10 (0.42%) LiveLink
11 8 (0.34%) Apache
11 8 (0.34%) nginx
11 8 (0.34%) WordPress
12 7 (0.30%) Drupal
13 5 (0.21%) Liferay
14 4 (0.17%) WebSphere
15 3 (0.13%) lighttpd
Applications
1 131 (5.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 124 (5.25%) Microsoft Office
3 68 (2.88%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 29 (1.23%) MS Visio
5 21 (0.89%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.25%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.042%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 25 (1.06%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.21%) Elite 3E
2 5 (0.21%) SAP BPC
2 5 (0.21%) SAP GRC
2 5 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
3 4 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.17%) SAP HR
4 3 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
4 3 (0.13%) Eloqua
5 2 (0.085%) Magento
5 2 (0.085%) Maximo
5 2 (0.085%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.085%) PeopleSoft HRMS
5 2 (0.085%) Raiser's Edge
5 2 (0.085%) Sage 50
5 2 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.085%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.085%) SAP HCM
5 2 (0.085%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.085%) SAP Payroll
Cloud Services
1 195 (8.26%) Microsoft Azure
2 170 (7.20%) Amazon AWS
3 153 (6.48%) Office 365
4 86 (3.64%) SaaS
5 40 (1.69%) PaaS
6 33 (1.40%) Serverless
7 29 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
8 28 (1.19%) IaaS
9 20 (0.85%) AWS Lambda
10 19 (0.81%) DigitalOcean
11 13 (0.55%) AWS CloudFormation
11 13 (0.55%) Dynamics 365
12 12 (0.51%) Google Cloud Platform
13 11 (0.47%) Google Analytics
14 10 (0.42%) G Suite
15 9 (0.38%) Amazon S3
16 8 (0.34%) Amazon EC2
16 8 (0.34%) OneDrive
17 7 (0.30%) GitHub
18 6 (0.25%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 271 (11.48%) Firewall
2 171 (7.25%) Network Security
3 74 (3.14%) LAN
3 74 (3.14%) VPN
4 71 (3.01%) Intrusion Detection
5 67 (2.84%) DNS
6 65 (2.75%) Internet
7 64 (2.71%) WAN
8 53 (2.25%) TCP/IP
9 42 (1.78%) Wireless
10 38 (1.61%) Wi-Fi
11 32 (1.36%) DHCP
12 29 (1.23%) SAN
13 25 (1.06%) IPsec
13 25 (1.06%) VoIP
14 21 (0.89%) SSL
15 20 (0.85%) Cisco ASA
16 19 (0.81%) SMS
17 17 (0.72%) HTTP
17 17 (0.72%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 181 (7.67%) SQL Server
2 126 (5.34%) Big Data
3 110 (4.66%) Data Warehouse
4 71 (3.01%) MySQL
5 61 (2.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 57 (2.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 55 (2.33%) Power BI
8 46 (1.95%) Relational Database
9 34 (1.44%) NoSQL
10 27 (1.14%) Hadoop
10 27 (1.14%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 22 (0.93%) Redis
12 19 (0.81%) QlikView
13 18 (0.76%) MongoDB
13 18 (0.76%) RDBMS
14 15 (0.64%) Oracle Reports
15 14 (0.59%) PostgreSQL
15 14 (0.59%) SQL Server 2014
16 13 (0.55%) Flink
16 13 (0.55%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 67 (2.84%) Git (software)
2 39 (1.65%) JIRA
3 34 (1.44%) Team Foundation Server
4 27 (1.14%) Visual Studio
5 26 (1.10%) Jenkins
6 24 (1.02%) TeamCity
7 18 (0.76%) Visual Studio Team System
8 15 (0.64%) Octopus Deploy
9 13 (0.55%) Maven
10 12 (0.51%) Subversion
11 8 (0.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 6 (0.25%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 5 (0.21%) SonarQube
14 4 (0.17%) gulp
14 4 (0.17%) webpack
15 2 (0.085%) Bower
15 2 (0.085%) Grunt
15 2 (0.085%) Sonatype Nexus
15 2 (0.085%) Travis CI
15 2 (0.085%) Yeoman
General
1 580 (24.58%) Finance
2 271 (11.48%) Legal
3 187 (7.92%) Retail
4 125 (5.30%) Marketing
5 122 (5.17%) Banking
6 107 (4.53%) Law
7 64 (2.71%) Telecoms
8 47 (1.99%) Advertising
9 45 (1.91%) Manufacturing
10 31 (1.31%) Back Office
11 29 (1.23%) Local Government
12 28 (1.19%) Financial Institution
13 26 (1.10%) Publishing
14 19 (0.81%) Hindi Language
14 19 (0.81%) Punjabi Language
14 19 (0.81%) Urdu Language
15 18 (0.76%) Games
16 16 (0.68%) Billing
17 12 (0.51%) Investment Banking
18 10 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 374 (15.85%) Analyst
2 257 (10.89%) Security Manager
3 233 (9.87%) Consultant
4 224 (9.49%) Architect
5 172 (7.29%) Information Manager
6 148 (6.27%) Information Security Manager
7 146 (6.19%) Security Analyst
8 128 (5.42%) IT Manager
9 125 (5.30%) Project Manager
10 115 (4.87%) Developer
11 96 (4.07%) Security Officer
12 88 (3.73%) Business Analyst
13 87 (3.69%) Security Consultant
14 78 (3.31%) Information Security Officer
15 75 (3.18%) Data Manager
15 75 (3.18%) Information Analyst
15 75 (3.18%) Information Security Analyst
16 71 (3.01%) Information Officer
17 65 (2.75%) Solutions Architect
18 64 (2.71%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 84 (3.56%) .NET
2 80 (3.39%) HTML
3 69 (2.92%) Web Services
4 54 (2.29%) CSS
5 47 (1.99%) AngularJS
6 36 (1.53%) Node.js
7 30 (1.27%) HTML5
7 30 (1.27%) jQuery
8 25 (1.06%) React
9 21 (0.89%) REST
10 20 (0.85%) XML
11 19 (0.81%) .NET Framework
12 18 (0.76%) Express
13 17 (0.72%) SAML
14 16 (0.68%) Spring
14 16 (0.68%) TensorFlow
14 16 (0.68%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 15 (0.64%) D3.js
15 15 (0.64%) Elastic Stack
15 15 (0.64%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 330 (13.98%) Management Information System
2 253 (10.72%) Analytical Skills
3 206 (8.73%) Data Centre
4 142 (6.02%) Data Protection Act
5 129 (5.47%) Computer Science
6 121 (5.13%) Self-Motivation
7 47 (1.99%) Security Operations Centre
8 39 (1.65%) PKI
9 38 (1.61%) Freedom of Information
10 36 (1.53%) Virtual Team
11 35 (1.48%) Fintech
12 32 (1.36%) User Experience
13 29 (1.23%) Greenfield Project
14 28 (1.19%) Social Media
15 27 (1.14%) Public Cloud
16 23 (0.97%) Cyberthreat
16 23 (0.97%) Life Science
16 23 (0.97%) NHS
17 22 (0.93%) Cyberattack
17 22 (0.93%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 338 (14.32%) Windows
2 154 (6.53%) Linux
3 121 (5.13%) Windows Server
4 73 (3.09%) Windows Server 2012
5 68 (2.88%) Windows 10
6 54 (2.29%) Windows Server 2008
7 39 (1.65%) Android
8 36 (1.53%) Unix
9 35 (1.48%) Windows 7
10 24 (1.02%) Apple iOS
11 22 (0.93%) Windows 8
12 11 (0.47%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.21%) CentOS
13 5 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 5 (0.21%) Solaris
14 4 (0.17%) Data ONTAP
14 4 (0.17%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 4 (0.17%) Windows Server 2003
15 3 (0.13%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.13%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 964 (40.85%) Data Protection
2 925 (39.19%) Information Security
3 392 (16.61%) ITIL
4 391 (16.57%) Cybersecurity
5 374 (15.85%) Risk Management
6 367 (15.55%) Agile Software Development
7 290 (12.29%) Project Management
8 271 (11.48%) Stakeholder Management
9 226 (9.58%) SIEM
10 223 (9.45%) Data Privacy
11 191 (8.09%) Problem-Solving
12 170 (7.20%) Penetration Testing
13 162 (6.86%) Business Continuity
14 153 (6.48%) Service Delivery
15 146 (6.19%) Business Intelligence
15 146 (6.19%) Information Governance
16 145 (6.14%) Continuous Improvement
17 143 (6.06%) PRINCE2
17 143 (6.06%) Security Management
18 142 (6.02%) Disaster Recovery
Programming Languages
1 239 (10.13%) SQL
2 103 (4.36%) JavaScript
3 80 (3.39%) Python
4 67 (2.84%) C#
5 63 (2.67%) Java
6 50 (2.12%) PowerShell
7 47 (1.99%) T-SQL
8 41 (1.74%) PHP
9 35 (1.48%) C
10 33 (1.40%) R
10 33 (1.40%) VBA
11 32 (1.36%) Scala
12 30 (1.27%) C++
13 15 (0.64%) ES6
13 15 (0.64%) ES8
13 15 (0.64%) Go
14 14 (0.59%) Shell Script
15 13 (0.55%) Ruby
16 10 (0.42%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
17 9 (0.38%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 532 (22.54%) CISSP
2 382 (16.19%) CISM
3 329 (13.94%) Degree
4 266 (11.27%) CISA
5 112 (4.75%) Security Cleared
6 81 (3.43%) Computer Science Degree
7 72 (3.05%) Microsoft Certification
8 66 (2.80%) CRISC
8 66 (2.80%) MCSE
9 63 (2.67%) ISEB
10 57 (2.42%) Cisco Certification
11 55 (2.33%) SC Cleared
12 51 (2.16%) ITIL Certification
13 45 (1.91%) SANS
14 43 (1.82%) CEH
15 40 (1.69%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
16 34 (1.44%) CCNA
17 33 (1.40%) CREST Certified
17 33 (1.40%) DBS Check
18 27 (1.14%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 735 (31.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 418 (17.71%) PCI DSS
3 159 (6.74%) Cyber Essentials
4 117 (4.96%) COBIT
5 86 (3.64%) Data Quality
6 85 (3.60%) ISO 9001
7 81 (3.43%) SLA
8 70 (2.97%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 55 (2.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 46 (1.95%) ISO 22301
11 43 (1.82%) QA
12 31 (1.31%) Solvency II
13 30 (1.27%) MiFID
13 30 (1.27%) PSD2
14 29 (1.23%) PMO
15 22 (0.93%) FATCA
16 19 (0.81%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 19 (0.81%) Dodd-Frank
17 18 (0.76%) IFRS
17 18 (0.76%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 141 (5.97%) Active Directory
2 82 (3.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 53 (2.25%) Hyper-V
4 41 (1.74%) Docker
5 28 (1.19%) VMware ESXi
6 19 (0.81%) XenApp
7 15 (0.64%) Snort
8 14 (0.59%) vSphere
9 12 (0.51%) XenDesktop
10 11 (0.47%) Microsoft App-V
11 6 (0.25%) Firmware
12 5 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
13 4 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
14 3 (0.13%) KVM
15 2 (0.085%) VMware NSX
16 1 (0.042%) HDFS
16 1 (0.042%) Squid
16 1 (0.042%) Terminal Services
16 1 (0.042%) Varnish
16 1 (0.042%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 20 (0.85%) SCCM
2 17 (0.72%) Kibana
3 14 (0.59%) Puppet
3 14 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
4 13 (0.55%) Opscode Chef
4 13 (0.55%) OSSEC
4 13 (0.55%) Terraform
5 12 (0.51%) Microsoft Intune
6 10 (0.42%) Ansible
6 10 (0.42%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
7 9 (0.38%) Forefront Identity Manager
7 9 (0.38%) SCOrch
8 8 (0.34%) WSUS
9 6 (0.25%) Kubernetes
9 6 (0.25%) QRadar
10 5 (0.21%) Nessus
10 5 (0.21%) SCOM
10 5 (0.21%) SmoothWall
10 5 (0.21%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
10 5 (0.21%) vRealize
Vendors
1 351 (14.87%) Microsoft
2 150 (6.36%) VMware
3 124 (5.25%) Cisco
4 91 (3.86%) Oracle
5 76 (3.22%) IBM
6 62 (2.63%) Citrix
7 54 (2.29%) SAP
8 45 (1.91%) ServiceNow
9 43 (1.82%) Capita
10 40 (1.69%) CheckPoint
11 34 (1.44%) Google
12 33 (1.40%) Tableau
13 32 (1.36%) HP
14 30 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
15 29 (1.23%) Juniper
16 23 (0.97%) Informatica
16 23 (0.97%) Sophos
17 22 (0.93%) NetApp
17 22 (0.93%) OpenText
18 20 (0.85%) EMC