Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Microservices skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Microservices over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microservices
UK > England
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 30 23 36
Rank change year-on-year -7 +13 +6
Contract jobs citing Microservices 4,272 1,797 4,265
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 6.34% 6.70% 5.53%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.09% 7.66% 6.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,083 1,354 3,173
10th Percentile £420 £400 £406
25th Percentile £481 £461 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
75th Percentile £650 £625 £618
90th Percentile £713 £713 £681
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 2 5
10th Percentile £47.25 £27.26 £28.35
25th Percentile £53.00 £28.03 £51.00
Median hourly rate £65.50 £31.13 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year +110.44% -40.71% +16.02%
75th Percentile £72.38 £34.28 £53.75
90th Percentile £75.65 £35.09 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £65.50 £33.75 £52.50
% change year-on-year +94.07% -35.71% +16.02%

Microservices is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,212 23,463 67,527
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.36% 87.46% 87.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 42,312 16,157 45,749
10th Percentile £319 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £381 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +9.47% - +1.60%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £510 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.37% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,483 661 1,901
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.00 £11.36
25th Percentile £14.48 £15.50 £14.38
Median hourly rate £24.36 £25.33 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -3.83% +12.58% +12.50%
75th Percentile £49.38 £45.00 £46.00
90th Percentile £63.00 £55.00 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +15.38%

Microservices
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Microservices as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Microservices in England

Microservices
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Microservices in England.

Daily rate trend for Microservices in England

Microservices
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Microservices in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Microservices in England

Microservices
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Microservices in England.

Hourly rate trend for Microservices in England

Microservices
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Microservices in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Microservices in England

Microservices
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Microservices within the England region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 2,799 £575 +4.55% 861
North of England -2 373 £550 +5.77% 279
South East +15 313 £525 +5.00% 167
North West +2 201 £550 +5.16% 167
South West +36 168 £488 - 80
Midlands -25 160 £500 +15.74% 160
Yorkshire -8 128 £550 +4.76% 74
West Midlands -13 119 £489 +12.36% 96
East of England -19 118 £533 +6.50% 95
North East +6 53 £575 +15.00% 38
East Midlands -22 39 £520 +48.57% 63
Microservices
UK

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Microservices also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Microservices.

1 2,123 (49.70%) Agile Software Development
2 2,100 (49.16%) Java
3 1,521 (35.60%) AWS
4 1,357 (31.76%) Kubernetes
5 1,353 (31.67%) DevOps
6 1,322 (30.95%) Docker
7 1,237 (28.96%) Azure
8 1,107 (25.91%) Spring
9 926 (21.68%) TDD
10 872 (20.41%) Spring Boot
11 836 (19.57%) Jenkins
12 834 (19.52%) JavaScript
13 811 (18.98%) SQL
14 797 (18.66%) Git (software)
15 773 (18.09%) Finance
16 752 (17.60%) Social Skills
17 728 (17.04%) Software Engineering
18 716 (16.76%) Scrum
19 674 (15.78%) .NET
20 640 (14.98%) REST
21 622 (14.56%) Test Automation
22 616 (14.42%) Python
23 615 (14.40%) C#
24 610 (14.28%) React
25 593 (13.88%) Kafka
26 582 (13.62%) Full Stack Development
27 564 (13.20%) Terraform
28 540 (12.64%) Node.js
29 537 (12.57%) GCP
30 520 (12.17%) Java 8

Microservices
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 262 (6.13%) Confluence
2 122 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
3 109 (2.55%) Apache Spark
4 82 (1.92%) Tomcat
5 78 (1.83%) Apache
6 72 (1.69%) WebLogic
7 46 (1.08%) nginx
8 35 (0.82%) BizTalk Server
8 35 (0.82%) JBoss
9 33 (0.77%) Cloud Foundry
10 32 (0.75%) WebSphere
11 31 (0.73%) OpenStack
12 28 (0.66%) CMS
13 27 (0.63%) Mule
14 23 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 22 (0.51%) Camunda
15 22 (0.51%) SharePoint
16 16 (0.37%) IIS
17 15 (0.35%) Apache Airflow
18 12 (0.28%) GemFire
Applications
1 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.070%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.047%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.047%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.023%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.023%) CPLEX
5 1 (0.023%) Figma
5 1 (0.023%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.023%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 10 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
3 5 (0.12%) SAP FI-CA
3 5 (0.12%) SAP PSCD
4 4 (0.094%) Magento
4 4 (0.094%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.094%) SAP CRM
4 4 (0.094%) SAP S/4HANA
4 4 (0.094%) Sentinel
5 2 (0.047%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.047%) SAP HCM
6 1 (0.023%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 1 (0.023%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.023%) Loan IQ
6 1 (0.023%) Misys Midas
6 1 (0.023%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.023%) Oracle Retail
6 1 (0.023%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.023%) R3 Corda
6 1 (0.023%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,521 (35.60%) AWS
2 1,237 (28.96%) Azure
3 537 (12.57%) GCP
4 486 (11.38%) Serverless
5 268 (6.27%) AWS Lambda
6 261 (6.11%) PaaS
7 255 (5.97%) SaaS
8 254 (5.95%) GitHub
9 211 (4.94%) OpenShift
10 182 (4.26%) IaaS
11 135 (3.16%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 117 (2.74%) AWS CloudFormation
13 114 (2.67%) Amazon ECS
14 105 (2.46%) Amazon EKS
15 100 (2.34%) Amazon EC2
16 90 (2.11%) Azure Service Bus
17 86 (2.01%) Apigee
18 81 (1.90%) Azure Functions
19 77 (1.80%) Power Platform
20 74 (1.73%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 104 (2.43%) HTTP
2 43 (1.01%) Internet
3 40 (0.94%) Firewall
4 35 (0.82%) DNS
5 23 (0.54%) LAN
6 22 (0.51%) SSL
7 20 (0.47%) AMQP
8 19 (0.44%) TCP/IP
9 17 (0.40%) HTTPS
10 16 (0.37%) Intranet
11 15 (0.35%) DHCP
11 15 (0.35%) WAN
12 14 (0.33%) Kerberos
13 13 (0.30%) MQTT
13 13 (0.30%) Wireless
14 12 (0.28%) IPsec
15 11 (0.26%) VPN
16 9 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
17 8 (0.19%) SSH
17 8 (0.19%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 468 (10.96%) NoSQL
2 357 (8.36%) MongoDB
3 314 (7.35%) PostgreSQL
4 277 (6.48%) SQL Server
5 271 (6.34%) Relational Database
6 214 (5.01%) MySQL
7 147 (3.44%) Big Data
8 134 (3.14%) Redis
9 132 (3.09%) Apache Cassandra
10 117 (2.74%) RDBMS
11 109 (2.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 101 (2.36%) Oracle Database
13 95 (2.22%) Hadoop
14 94 (2.20%) Azure SQL Database
15 84 (1.97%) Data Warehouse
16 72 (1.69%) Data Lake
17 60 (1.40%) Power BI
18 52 (1.22%) Amazon RDS
19 44 (1.03%) DB2
20 40 (0.94%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 836 (19.57%) Jenkins
2 797 (18.66%) Git (software)
3 428 (10.02%) Maven
4 383 (8.97%) JIRA
5 251 (5.88%) Cucumber
6 239 (5.59%) GitLab
7 209 (4.89%) JUnit
8 161 (3.77%) Selenium
9 136 (3.18%) Mockito
10 107 (2.50%) Gradle
11 92 (2.15%) Subversion
12 89 (2.08%) Bitbucket
13 87 (2.04%) SonarQube
13 87 (2.04%) Sonatype Nexus
14 80 (1.87%) Postman
15 76 (1.78%) TeamCity
16 65 (1.52%) Artifactory
16 65 (1.52%) JMeter
17 58 (1.36%) Cypress.io
17 58 (1.36%) Mocha
General
1 773 (18.09%) Finance
2 752 (17.60%) Social Skills
3 438 (10.25%) Banking
4 239 (5.59%) Public Sector
5 182 (4.26%) Analytical Skills
6 175 (4.10%) Retail
7 108 (2.53%) Front Office
8 87 (2.04%) Investment Banking
9 76 (1.78%) Telecoms
10 72 (1.69%) Marketing
11 61 (1.43%) Presentation Skills
12 54 (1.26%) Legal
13 48 (1.12%) Financial Institution
14 46 (1.08%) Games
15 44 (1.03%) Manufacturing
16 38 (0.89%) Documentation Skills
17 37 (0.87%) Influencing Skills
18 36 (0.84%) Law
19 33 (0.77%) Electronics
19 33 (0.77%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,162 (50.61%) Developer
2 1,067 (24.98%) Java Developer
3 728 (17.04%) Architect
4 408 (9.55%) Senior Developer
5 318 (7.44%) Solutions Architect
6 264 (6.18%) Full Stack Developer
7 262 (6.13%) DevOps Engineer
8 248 (5.81%) .NET Developer
9 239 (5.59%) Senior Java Developer
10 236 (5.52%) Software Engineer
11 152 (3.56%) C# Developer
11 152 (3.56%) Java Engineer
12 114 (2.67%) Cloud Architect
13 107 (2.50%) AWS Engineer
14 105 (2.46%) Azure Architect
15 96 (2.25%) Python Developer
16 95 (2.22%) React Developer
17 93 (2.18%) AWS Developer
18 90 (2.11%) Technical Architect
19 80 (1.87%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,107 (25.91%) Spring
2 872 (20.41%) Spring Boot
3 674 (15.78%) .NET
4 640 (14.98%) REST
5 610 (14.28%) React
6 593 (13.88%) Kafka
7 540 (12.64%) Node.js
8 482 (11.28%) RESTful
9 444 (10.39%) AngularJS
10 382 (8.94%) HTML
11 359 (8.40%) CSS
12 358 (8.38%) Web Services
13 353 (8.26%) .NET Core
14 276 (6.46%) JSON
15 248 (5.81%) GraphQL
16 173 (4.05%) RabbitMQ
17 166 (3.89%) XML
18 163 (3.82%) HTML5
19 156 (3.65%) .NET Framework
20 149 (3.49%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 264 (6.18%) Cloud Native
2 215 (5.03%) Greenfield Project
3 165 (3.86%) Public Cloud
4 134 (3.14%) User Experience
5 116 (2.72%) Data Protection Act
6 100 (2.34%) Enterprise Software
7 87 (2.04%) Legacy Systems
8 83 (1.94%) Hybrid Cloud
9 76 (1.78%) Data Structures
10 75 (1.76%) Management Information System
11 64 (1.50%) Legacy Applications
12 63 (1.47%) Algorithms
12 63 (1.47%) Self-Motivation
13 62 (1.45%) Data Centre
14 58 (1.36%) Mobile App
15 45 (1.05%) Hedge funds
16 44 (1.03%) Fixed Income
17 40 (0.94%) Private Cloud
18 39 (0.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 36 (0.84%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 459 (10.74%) Linux
2 207 (4.85%) Unix
3 142 (3.32%) Windows
4 67 (1.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 29 (0.68%) Mac OS X
6 24 (0.56%) Android
7 22 (0.51%) Apple iOS
8 13 (0.30%) VMS
9 12 (0.28%) Debian
10 11 (0.26%) Windows Server
11 7 (0.16%) Ubuntu
12 6 (0.14%) CentOS
12 6 (0.14%) Windows Server 2016
13 5 (0.12%) AIX
14 2 (0.047%) Embedded Linux
14 2 (0.047%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (0.023%) CoreOS
15 1 (0.023%) Tizen
15 1 (0.023%) tvOS
15 1 (0.023%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,123 (49.70%) Agile Software Development
2 1,353 (31.67%) DevOps
3 926 (21.68%) TDD
4 728 (17.04%) Software Engineering
5 716 (16.76%) Scrum
6 622 (14.56%) Test Automation
7 582 (13.62%) Full Stack Development
8 514 (12.03%) BDD
9 411 (9.62%) Continuous Integration
10 383 (8.97%) SDLC
11 295 (6.91%) Problem-Solving
12 271 (6.34%) Infrastructure as Code
13 269 (6.30%) Open Source
14 255 (5.97%) Pair Programming
15 251 (5.88%) Event-Driven
16 250 (5.85%) OO
17 242 (5.66%) Mentoring
18 233 (5.45%) Analytics
19 229 (5.36%) E-Commerce
20 219 (5.13%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 2,100 (49.16%) Java
2 834 (19.52%) JavaScript
3 811 (18.98%) SQL
4 616 (14.42%) Python
5 615 (14.40%) C#
6 520 (12.17%) Java 8
7 341 (7.98%) TypeScript
8 246 (5.76%) Java 11
9 203 (4.75%) Scala
10 194 (4.54%) Go
11 149 (3.49%) C++
12 114 (2.67%) PL/SQL
13 113 (2.65%) Kotlin
14 109 (2.55%) Bash Shell
15 89 (2.08%) PowerShell
16 81 (1.90%) Ruby
17 73 (1.71%) Shell Script
18 70 (1.64%) Groovy
19 55 (1.29%) T-SQL
20 53 (1.24%) ES6
Qualifications
1 387 (9.06%) Security Cleared
2 321 (7.51%) SC Cleared
3 174 (4.07%) Degree
4 58 (1.36%) DV Cleared
5 56 (1.31%) Computer Science Degree
6 40 (0.94%) AWS Certification
7 37 (0.87%) Sun Certification
8 34 (0.80%) OCPJP
9 30 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
10 14 (0.33%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
12 12 (0.28%) ISEB
12 12 (0.28%) ISTQB
13 11 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 7 (0.16%) CISSP
15 6 (0.14%) SANS
16 4 (0.094%) PhD
17 3 (0.070%) CISA
17 3 (0.070%) Cisco Certification
17 3 (0.070%) CRISC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 192 (4.49%) QA
2 65 (1.52%) GDPR
3 53 (1.24%) Accessibility
4 29 (0.68%) Data Quality
5 22 (0.51%) GRC
6 20 (0.47%) NIST
6 20 (0.47%) WCAG
7 14 (0.33%) PCI DSS
8 11 (0.26%) SLA
9 8 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 8 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 7 (0.16%) COBIT
11 5 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
11 5 (0.12%) FedRAMP
11 5 (0.12%) ISO 20022
12 3 (0.070%) HL7
12 3 (0.070%) NCSC
13 2 (0.047%) PMO
13 2 (0.047%) PSD2
13 2 (0.047%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 1,322 (30.95%) Docker
2 51 (1.19%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (0.30%) HDFS
6 12 (0.28%) vSphere
7 7 (0.16%) OpenAM
7 7 (0.16%) RACF
8 6 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 5 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.094%) LXC
10 4 (0.094%) NFS
11 3 (0.070%) Postfix
11 3 (0.070%) Slurm Workload Manager
12 2 (0.047%) Hyper-V
12 2 (0.047%) iptables
13 1 (0.023%) Oracle RAC
13 1 (0.023%) Platform Symphony
13 1 (0.023%) vCloud
13 1 (0.023%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,357 (31.76%) Kubernetes
2 564 (13.20%) Terraform
3 372 (8.71%) Ansible
4 149 (3.49%) Grafana
5 138 (3.23%) Prometheus
6 71 (1.66%) Kibana
7 69 (1.62%) Puppet
8 66 (1.54%) Opscode Chef
9 42 (0.98%) Istio
10 39 (0.91%) logstash
11 26 (0.61%) Rancher
12 24 (0.56%) Nagios
13 21 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
14 18 (0.42%) Consul
15 17 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
16 16 (0.37%) Graphite
17 13 (0.30%) Oozie
18 11 (0.26%) Packer
19 10 (0.23%) Fluentd
20 9 (0.21%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 455 (10.65%) Oracle
2 274 (6.41%) Microsoft
3 258 (6.04%) Google
4 120 (2.81%) MuleSoft
5 113 (2.65%) Splunk
6 89 (2.08%) SAP
7 69 (1.62%) IBM
8 60 (1.40%) Informatica
8 60 (1.40%) Red Hat
9 55 (1.29%) AppDynamics
10 54 (1.26%) WSO2
11 53 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
12 52 (1.22%) webMethods
13 49 (1.15%) Databricks
14 42 (0.98%) Atlassian
15 41 (0.96%) BEA
15 41 (0.96%) VMware
16 34 (0.80%) Dynatrace
16 34 (0.80%) Sun
17 26 (0.61%) New Relic