Period
to 4 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Microservices skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Microservices over the 6 months to 4 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Microservices
UK > England
6 months to
4 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 24 38 36
Rank change year-on-year +14 -2 +24
Contract jobs citing Microservices 2,438 3,191 5,372
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 6.26% 5.24% 5.98%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.21% 6.13% 6.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,239 2,432 4,163
Median daily rate £525 £545 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.67% +3.81% +5.00%
10th Percentile £400 £410 £406
90th Percentile £663 £675 £656
UK median daily rate £520 £530 £525
% change year-on-year -1.89% +0.95% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 5 2
Median hourly rate £58.00 £59.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.69% +2.61% +27.78%
10th Percentile £38.38 £53.40 £54.00
90th Percentile £68.00 £69.50 £61.00
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £59.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -28.81% +18.00% +11.11%

Microservices is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 33,834 52,027 78,801
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.91% 85.49% 87.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,114 35,263 53,677
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £300 £288 £300
90th Percentile £675 £656 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,133 1,533 1,885
Median hourly rate £26.00 £21.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +23.81% -4.55% -2.22%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.25 £11.45
90th Percentile £58.75 £53.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate £26.65 £21.46 £22.43
% change year-on-year +24.20% -4.34% +1.95%

Microservices
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Microservices as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Microservices in England

Microservices
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Microservices in England.

Daily rate trend for Microservices in England

Microservices
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Microservices in England over the 6 months to 4 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Microservices in England

Microservices
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Microservices in England.

Hourly rate trend for Microservices in England

Microservices
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Microservices in England over the 6 months to 4 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Microservices in England

Microservices
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Microservices within the England region over the 6 months to 4 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 1,660 £550 - 681
North of England -2 190 £500 +2.56% 207
South East +39 163 £450 -10.00% 201
South West +39 121 £500 - 98
Midlands -5 105 £432 -9.05% 114
North West +8 97 £500 +5.26% 128
East of England +27 83 £508 +1.50% 81
West Midlands -24 57 £428 -14.40% 64
Yorkshire -20 48 £513 +2.45% 45
East Midlands +28 45 £425 - 49
North East +15 45 £475 +5.56% 34
Microservices
UK

For the 6 months to 4 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Microservices also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Microservices.

1 1,267 (51.97%) Agile Software Development
2 1,181 (48.44%) Java
3 878 (36.01%) AWS
4 784 (32.16%) Azure
5 780 (31.99%) Kubernetes
6 734 (30.11%) DevOps
7 732 (30.02%) Docker
8 619 (25.39%) Spring
9 538 (22.07%) TDD
10 522 (21.41%) Finance
11 503 (20.63%) Jenkins
12 475 (19.48%) Git (software)
13 471 (19.32%) JavaScript
14 468 (19.20%) Python
15 461 (18.91%) SQL
16 460 (18.87%) Spring Boot
17 422 (17.31%) REST
18 420 (17.23%) .NET
19 409 (16.78%) Software Engineering
20 371 (15.22%) C#
21 366 (15.01%) Node.js
22 350 (14.36%) Scrum
23 349 (14.32%) Banking
23 349 (14.32%) Java 8
24 342 (14.03%) Kafka
25 325 (13.33%) BDD
26 319 (13.08%) Terraform
27 309 (12.67%) Test Automation
28 305 (12.51%) Continuous Integration
28 305 (12.51%) GCP

Microservices
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (4.47%) Confluence
2 102 (4.18%) Apache
3 79 (3.24%) Elasticsearch
4 59 (2.42%) Cloud Foundry
5 55 (2.26%) JBoss
6 49 (2.01%) BizTalk Server
6 49 (2.01%) Red Hat Fuse
7 32 (1.31%) WebSphere
8 30 (1.23%) Apache Spark
9 27 (1.11%) WebLogic
10 25 (1.03%) Tomcat
11 24 (0.98%) nginx
12 23 (0.94%) Mule
13 22 (0.90%) CMS
14 20 (0.82%) Camunda
15 15 (0.62%) SharePoint
16 12 (0.49%) Apache Solr
16 12 (0.49%) OpenStack
17 11 (0.45%) Apache ServiceMix
17 11 (0.45%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 5 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (0.21%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.16%) Adobe XD
2 4 (0.16%) Chatbot
2 4 (0.16%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.082%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.082%) Sketch
4 1 (0.041%) 3ds Max
4 1 (0.041%) Blender
4 1 (0.041%) Maya
4 1 (0.041%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 8 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
3 6 (0.25%) SAP FI-CA
4 4 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
4 4 (0.16%) SAP PSCD
5 3 (0.12%) Summit
6 2 (0.082%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.082%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.082%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.082%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
6 2 (0.082%) SAP Retail
6 2 (0.082%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.041%) Adobe Campaign
7 1 (0.041%) Exstream
7 1 (0.041%) ION MarketView
7 1 (0.041%) Magento
7 1 (0.041%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.041%) SAP HCM
7 1 (0.041%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.041%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 878 (36.01%) AWS
2 784 (32.16%) Azure
3 305 (12.51%) GCP
4 253 (10.38%) Serverless
5 147 (6.03%) AWS Lambda
6 136 (5.58%) PaaS
7 127 (5.21%) OpenShift
8 121 (4.96%) GitHub
9 109 (4.47%) SaaS
10 94 (3.86%) IaaS
11 84 (3.45%) Apigee
12 80 (3.28%) AWS CloudFormation
13 75 (3.08%) Amazon EKS
14 68 (2.79%) Amazon ECS
14 68 (2.79%) Logic Apps
15 57 (2.34%) Azure Functions
16 54 (2.21%) Amazon EC2
17 52 (2.13%) Amazon S3
18 50 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
19 37 (1.52%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 41 (1.68%) HTTP
2 21 (0.86%) Firewall
2 21 (0.86%) SSL
3 20 (0.82%) DNS
4 19 (0.78%) Internet
5 16 (0.66%) TCP/IP
6 15 (0.62%) Unified Communications
7 12 (0.49%) WAN
8 11 (0.45%) Reverse Proxy
9 10 (0.41%) LAN
10 9 (0.37%) Network Security
10 9 (0.37%) VLAN
10 9 (0.37%) VPN
11 8 (0.33%) SNMP
12 7 (0.29%) Wireless
13 6 (0.25%) VoIP
14 5 (0.21%) FTP
14 5 (0.21%) SSH
15 4 (0.16%) HTTPS
15 4 (0.16%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 193 (7.92%) NoSQL
2 186 (7.63%) SQL Server
3 180 (7.38%) MongoDB
4 162 (6.64%) PostgreSQL
5 131 (5.37%) Relational Database
6 114 (4.68%) MySQL
7 91 (3.73%) Big Data
8 88 (3.61%) Azure SQL Database
9 62 (2.54%) Apache Cassandra
10 52 (2.13%) Data Warehouse
11 46 (1.89%) Redis
12 42 (1.72%) RDBMS
13 36 (1.48%) Hadoop
14 35 (1.44%) BigQuery
15 33 (1.35%) Cosmos DB
16 29 (1.19%) Amazon RDS
17 28 (1.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 21 (0.86%) Amazon Redshift
19 20 (0.82%) Data Lake
20 17 (0.70%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 503 (20.63%) Jenkins
2 475 (19.48%) Git (software)
3 231 (9.47%) JIRA
4 207 (8.49%) Maven
5 143 (5.87%) GitLab
6 123 (5.05%) Cucumber
7 101 (4.14%) JUnit
8 78 (3.20%) Selenium
9 68 (2.79%) SonarQube
10 65 (2.67%) Gradle
11 55 (2.26%) Artifactory
12 48 (1.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 48 (1.97%) Subversion
13 45 (1.85%) Mockito
14 44 (1.80%) TeamCity
15 40 (1.64%) Sonatype Nexus
16 39 (1.60%) Bitbucket
17 29 (1.19%) CircleCI
17 29 (1.19%) Visual Studio Team System
18 26 (1.07%) IntelliJ
General
1 522 (21.41%) Finance
2 349 (14.32%) Banking
3 150 (6.15%) Public Sector
4 86 (3.53%) Front Office
5 68 (2.79%) Telecoms
6 63 (2.58%) Retail
7 61 (2.50%) Investment Banking
8 55 (2.26%) Marketing
9 45 (1.85%) Manufacturing
10 38 (1.56%) Electronics
11 24 (0.98%) Back Office
12 17 (0.70%) Games
13 12 (0.49%) Retail Banking
14 11 (0.45%) Law
15 10 (0.41%) Advertising
15 10 (0.41%) Financial Institution
16 7 (0.29%) Automotive
17 6 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
17 6 (0.25%) Publishing
18 4 (0.16%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 1,258 (51.60%) Developer
2 601 (24.65%) Java Developer
3 398 (16.32%) Architect
4 224 (9.19%) Senior Developer
5 193 (7.92%) Solutions Architect
6 166 (6.81%) Software Engineer
7 162 (6.64%) Full Stack Developer
8 159 (6.52%) DevOps Engineer
9 137 (5.62%) .NET Developer
10 127 (5.21%) AWS Developer
11 116 (4.76%) Senior Java Developer
12 85 (3.49%) Java Engineer
13 77 (3.16%) Python Developer
14 76 (3.12%) AWS Engineer
15 68 (2.79%) React Developer
16 64 (2.63%) Node.js Developer
17 58 (2.38%) Azure Developer
18 54 (2.21%) SC Cleared Java Developer
19 53 (2.17%) Azure Engineer
19 53 (2.17%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 619 (25.39%) Spring
2 460 (18.87%) Spring Boot
3 422 (17.31%) REST
4 420 (17.23%) .NET
5 366 (15.01%) Node.js
6 342 (14.03%) Kafka
7 302 (12.39%) React
8 296 (12.14%) Web Services
9 257 (10.54%) AngularJS
10 246 (10.09%) RESTful
11 240 (9.84%) .NET Core
12 208 (8.53%) HTML
13 183 (7.51%) JSON
14 161 (6.60%) CSS
15 136 (5.58%) XML
16 131 (5.37%) HTML5
17 126 (5.17%) SOAP
18 116 (4.76%) Hibernate
19 103 (4.22%) GraphQL
20 90 (3.69%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 171 (7.01%) Greenfield Project
2 167 (6.85%) Cloud Native
3 97 (3.98%) Analytical Skills
4 88 (3.61%) Mobile App
5 86 (3.53%) Public Cloud
6 80 (3.28%) Enterprise Software
7 74 (3.04%) User Experience
8 49 (2.01%) Clustering
9 47 (1.93%) Derivative
10 39 (1.60%) Hedge funds
11 38 (1.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 37 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
13 34 (1.39%) Hybrid Cloud
14 31 (1.27%) Fixed Income
15 29 (1.19%) Equities
16 28 (1.15%) Data Structures
17 22 (0.90%) Algorithms
17 22 (0.90%) Management Information System
18 21 (0.86%) Credit Risk
19 18 (0.74%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 270 (11.07%) Linux
2 109 (4.47%) Unix
3 101 (4.14%) Windows
4 28 (1.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 26 (1.07%) Android
6 23 (0.94%) Apple iOS
7 22 (0.90%) Windows Server
8 20 (0.82%) Mac OS X
9 11 (0.45%) Windows Server 2016
10 10 (0.41%) CentOS
11 8 (0.33%) Windows 10
12 4 (0.16%) Amazon Linux
13 3 (0.12%) AIX
13 3 (0.12%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.12%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.041%) Debian
14 1 (0.041%) Embedded Linux
14 1 (0.041%) Solaris
14 1 (0.041%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,267 (51.97%) Agile Software Development
2 734 (30.11%) DevOps
3 538 (22.07%) TDD
4 409 (16.78%) Software Engineering
5 350 (14.36%) Scrum
6 325 (13.33%) BDD
7 309 (12.67%) Test Automation
8 305 (12.51%) Continuous Integration
9 192 (7.88%) OO
10 188 (7.71%) Infrastructure as Code
11 187 (7.67%) Continuous Delivery
12 177 (7.26%) Open Source
13 175 (7.18%) Problem-Solving
14 172 (7.05%) SDLC
15 161 (6.60%) Unit Testing
16 147 (6.03%) SOA
17 128 (5.25%) Digital Transformation Programme
18 124 (5.09%) Kanban
18 124 (5.09%) Mentoring
19 112 (4.59%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,181 (48.44%) Java
2 471 (19.32%) JavaScript
3 468 (19.20%) Python
4 461 (18.91%) SQL
5 371 (15.22%) C#
6 349 (14.32%) Java 8
7 173 (7.10%) Go
8 151 (6.19%) TypeScript
9 136 (5.58%) Scala
10 99 (4.06%) Kotlin
11 95 (3.90%) Bash Shell
12 80 (3.28%) PL/SQL
13 70 (2.87%) PowerShell
14 68 (2.79%) C++
15 65 (2.67%) T-SQL
16 44 (1.80%) Perl
17 38 (1.56%) Shell Script
18 37 (1.52%) PHP
19 36 (1.48%) Ruby
20 31 (1.27%) ES6
Qualifications
1 290 (11.89%) Security Cleared
2 251 (10.30%) SC Cleared
3 93 (3.81%) Degree
4 54 (2.21%) Computer Science Degree
5 49 (2.01%) DV Cleared
6 26 (1.07%) Master's Degree
7 23 (0.94%) AWS Certification
8 16 (0.66%) TOGAF Certification
9 13 (0.53%) ISEB
10 12 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 12 (0.49%) Sun Certification
11 11 (0.45%) BPSS Clearance
11 11 (0.45%) ISTQB
12 7 (0.29%) CTC Cleared
13 6 (0.25%) OCPJP
13 6 (0.25%) SAFe Agilist
14 5 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
15 3 (0.12%) SANS
15 3 (0.12%) VCP6
15 3 (0.12%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 94 (3.86%) QA
2 16 (0.66%) GDPR
3 14 (0.57%) PCI DSS
4 10 (0.41%) SLA
5 8 (0.33%) WCAG
6 7 (0.29%) MiFID
6 7 (0.29%) PMO
7 6 (0.25%) NIST
8 5 (0.21%) ISO 20022
8 5 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 4 (0.16%) Data Quality
9 4 (0.16%) NCSC
10 3 (0.12%) Basel III
10 3 (0.12%) COBIT
10 3 (0.12%) HIPAA
10 3 (0.12%) RMADS
10 3 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.082%) OASIS TOSCA
11 2 (0.082%) PSD2
11 2 (0.082%) SEPA
System Software
1 732 (30.02%) Docker
2 27 (1.11%) Active Directory
3 19 (0.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.53%) vSphere
5 12 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.25%) LXC
7 5 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 5 (0.21%) HDFS
8 4 (0.16%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.12%) Apache Flume
9 3 (0.12%) OpenAM
9 3 (0.12%) vCloud
9 3 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.082%) Gluster
10 2 (0.082%) GlusterFS
10 2 (0.082%) KVM
10 2 (0.082%) NFS
10 2 (0.082%) Platform Symphony
10 2 (0.082%) Postfix
11 1 (0.041%) NDS
Systems Management
1 780 (31.99%) Kubernetes
2 319 (13.08%) Terraform
3 185 (7.59%) Ansible
4 105 (4.31%) Prometheus
5 85 (3.49%) Grafana
6 64 (2.63%) Opscode Chef
7 50 (2.05%) Puppet
8 46 (1.89%) Istio
9 42 (1.72%) Kibana
10 25 (1.03%) Consul
10 25 (1.03%) logstash
10 25 (1.03%) Rancher
11 24 (0.98%) Fluentd
12 9 (0.37%) Packer
13 8 (0.33%) Salt
13 8 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
13 8 (0.33%) ZABBIX
14 7 (0.29%) Nagios
15 6 (0.25%) Knative
15 6 (0.25%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 228 (9.35%) Oracle
2 187 (7.67%) Google
3 145 (5.95%) Microsoft
4 121 (4.96%) MuleSoft
5 107 (4.39%) Splunk
6 63 (2.58%) SAP
7 58 (2.38%) AppDynamics
8 53 (2.17%) Atlassian
9 43 (1.76%) Red Hat
10 35 (1.44%) VMware
11 32 (1.31%) webMethods
12 31 (1.27%) Dell
13 29 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
14 24 (0.98%) IBM
15 18 (0.74%) TIBCO
16 15 (0.62%) Dynatrace
16 15 (0.62%) WSO2
17 14 (0.57%) Confluent
18 12 (0.49%) BEA
18 12 (0.49%) Sybase