Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OpenStack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OpenStack over the 6 months to 30 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

OpenStack
UK
6 months to
30 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 679 580 515
Rank change year-on-year -99 -65 +60
Contract jobs citing OpenStack 160 156 89
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.18% 0.24% 0.22%
As % of the Application Platforms category 1.53% 1.89% 1.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 112 102 58
10th Percentile £463 £376 £413
25th Percentile £500 £450 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £606 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +15.48% -4.55% -
75th Percentile £675 £609 £622
90th Percentile £713 £675 £733
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £575
% change year-on-year - -13.04% +9.52%

OpenStack is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 10,443 8,264 5,705
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.80% 12.68% 13.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,168 5,573 3,799
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
25th Percentile £419 £400 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £490 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.25% +3.05% -
75th Percentile £630 £575 £550
90th Percentile £738 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £445 £450
% change year-on-year +6.74% -1.11% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 162 161 122
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.25 £12.63
25th Percentile £17.03 £16.18 £15.94
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +45.83% +20.00% +0.98%
75th Percentile £65.32 £51.00 £32.81
90th Percentile £77.50 £65.54 £52.91
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £22.21 £19.18
% change year-on-year +1.33% +15.77% +11.80%

OpenStack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OpenStack as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OpenStack.

Daily rate trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OpenStack over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OpenStack.

Hourly rate trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Top 11 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OpenStack within the UK over the 6 months to 30 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -98 133 £620 +18.10% 33
London -32 102 £650 +23.81% 10
Work from Home -126 71 £569 +3.86% 13
UK excluding London -94 32 £500 - 22
South East -37 21 £500 +5.26% 9
Scotland -11 6 £550 +12.24%
North of England -56 3 £500 -4.76% 2
North West -34 2 £500 -4.76% 1
South West -23 1 £600 -4.00% 3
Yorkshire -35 1 - - 1
Wales - 1 £450 -

For the 6 months to 30 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing OpenStack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OpenStack.

1 109 (68.13%) Kubernetes
2 97 (60.63%) Linux
3 84 (52.50%) Docker
4 78 (48.75%) VMware
5 74 (46.25%) Python
5 74 (46.25%) AWS
6 69 (43.13%) DevOps
7 55 (34.38%) Azure
8 53 (33.13%) Ansible
9 52 (32.50%) VMware Infrastructure
10 48 (30.00%) Java
11 47 (29.38%) Terraform
12 44 (27.50%) GCP
12 44 (27.50%) CI/CD
13 43 (26.88%) Google
14 40 (25.00%) Prometheus
15 39 (24.38%) Telecoms
16 38 (23.75%) OpenShift
17 37 (23.13%) JavaScript
18 36 (22.50%) Unix
19 35 (21.88%) SSL
19 35 (21.88%) PaaS
19 35 (21.88%) Kafka
19 35 (21.88%) Grafana
20 34 (21.25%) MongoDB
20 34 (21.25%) Microservices
20 34 (21.25%) Red Hat
21 33 (20.63%) Finance
22 32 (20.00%) Puppet
22 32 (20.00%) Git (software)

OpenStack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (11.88%) nginx
2 10 (6.25%) Apache
3 7 (4.38%) Cloud Foundry
3 7 (4.38%) Confluence
4 6 (3.75%) JBoss
5 5 (3.13%) Apache Airflow
6 4 (2.50%) IIS
7 3 (1.88%) Apache Spark
7 3 (1.88%) CloudStack
7 3 (1.88%) GlassFish
7 3 (1.88%) Red Hat Fuse
8 1 (0.63%) Camunda
8 1 (0.63%) WildFly
Cloud Services
1 74 (46.25%) AWS
2 55 (34.38%) Azure
3 44 (27.50%) GCP
4 38 (23.75%) OpenShift
5 35 (21.88%) PaaS
6 25 (15.63%) Google Kubernetes Engine
7 19 (11.88%) IaaS
8 18 (11.25%) Anthos
8 18 (11.25%) GitHub
9 17 (10.63%) SaaS
10 16 (10.00%) Amazon S3
10 16 (10.00%) Serverless
11 12 (7.50%) Amazon EKS
11 12 (7.50%) Cloud Computing
11 12 (7.50%) GitHub Actions
12 7 (4.38%) Tricentis Tosca
13 6 (3.75%) Datadog
14 5 (3.13%) AWS CloudFormation
14 5 (3.13%) Azure AKS
15 4 (2.50%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 35 (21.88%) SSL
2 23 (14.38%) Firewall
3 20 (12.50%) DNS
4 18 (11.25%) VPN
5 17 (10.63%) IPsec
6 16 (10.00%) IKE
7 7 (4.38%) TCP/IP
8 6 (3.75%) 5G
9 5 (3.13%) Broadband
9 5 (3.13%) Internet
10 4 (2.50%) Calico
10 4 (2.50%) Network Security
11 3 (1.88%) 3G
11 3 (1.88%) 4G
11 3 (1.88%) HTTPS
11 3 (1.88%) SNMP
11 3 (1.88%) Software-Defined Networking
11 3 (1.88%) VoLTE
11 3 (1.88%) VoWiFi
12 2 (1.25%) 2G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (21.25%) MongoDB
2 29 (18.13%) PostgreSQL
3 20 (12.50%) Hadoop
4 14 (8.75%) NoSQL
5 13 (8.13%) Couchbase
6 12 (7.50%) MySQL
7 10 (6.25%) Redis
8 7 (4.38%) BigQuery
8 7 (4.38%) Elasticsearch
9 5 (3.13%) Amazon RDS
10 4 (2.50%) Apache Cassandra
10 4 (2.50%) Relational Database
11 3 (1.88%) Big Data
11 3 (1.88%) Data Warehouse
11 3 (1.88%) Flink
11 3 (1.88%) SQL Server
12 2 (1.25%) Apache Hive
12 2 (1.25%) HBase
12 2 (1.25%) MariaDB
12 2 (1.25%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 32 (20.00%) Git (software)
2 29 (18.13%) Jenkins
3 12 (7.50%) Artifactory
3 12 (7.50%) JIRA
4 11 (6.88%) Sonatype Nexus
5 6 (3.75%) Maven
6 4 (2.50%) Bitbucket
6 4 (2.50%) GoCD
6 4 (2.50%) JUnit
7 3 (1.88%) Bitbucket Server
7 3 (1.88%) CircleCI
7 3 (1.88%) GitLab
7 3 (1.88%) Mockito
7 3 (1.88%) RSpec
7 3 (1.88%) Vagrant
7 3 (1.88%) WebDriver
8 2 (1.25%) Cucumber
8 2 (1.25%) Selenium
8 2 (1.25%) Subversion
9 1 (0.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 39 (24.38%) Telecoms
2 33 (20.63%) Finance
3 24 (15.00%) Social Skills
4 21 (13.13%) Games
5 6 (3.75%) Analytical Skills
6 5 (3.13%) Pharmaceutical
6 5 (3.13%) Public Sector
7 3 (1.88%) Banking
8 2 (1.25%) Financial Institution
8 2 (1.25%) Retail
9 1 (0.63%) Billing
9 1 (0.63%) Documentation Skills
9 1 (0.63%) Welsh Language
Job Titles
1 33 (20.63%) DevOps Engineer
2 28 (17.50%) Architect
3 22 (13.75%) Security Engineer
4 21 (13.13%) VMware Engineer
5 20 (12.50%) Developer
6 18 (11.25%) Cloud Architect
7 15 (9.38%) Security Architect
7 15 (9.38%) Unix Engineer
8 14 (8.75%) Site Reliability Engineer
8 14 (8.75%) Telecoms Engineer
9 13 (8.13%) Kubernetes Engineer
10 12 (7.50%) Design Engineer
11 11 (6.88%) Unix Security Engineer
12 10 (6.25%) Azure Architect
13 9 (5.63%) Java Developer
14 7 (4.38%) Cloud Engineer
14 7 (4.38%) Site Engineer
15 6 (3.75%) GCP Engineer
15 6 (3.75%) Linux Engineer
15 6 (3.75%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (21.88%) Kafka
2 29 (18.13%) OAuth
3 18 (11.25%) RabbitMQ
4 16 (10.00%) Node.js
4 16 (10.00%) OAuth2
5 14 (8.75%) REST
6 13 (8.13%) Spring Boot
7 12 (7.50%) RESTful
8 11 (6.88%) Elastic Stack
8 11 (6.88%) Spring
9 10 (6.25%) gRPC
9 10 (6.25%) JWT
10 9 (5.63%) React
11 8 (5.00%) ARM Templates
12 6 (3.75%) OpenTracing
13 5 (3.13%) Web Services
14 4 (2.50%) LAPP Stack
14 4 (2.50%) LDAP
14 4 (2.50%) Memcached
14 4 (2.50%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 28 (17.50%) Private Cloud
2 24 (15.00%) Data Centre
3 22 (13.75%) PKI
4 17 (10.63%) Hybrid Cloud
5 14 (8.75%) Public Cloud
6 12 (7.50%) Cloud Native
7 11 (6.88%) Linux Command Line
8 9 (5.63%) Enterprise Cloud
9 7 (4.38%) Self-Motivation
10 5 (3.13%) Clustering
10 5 (3.13%) Cybercrime
10 5 (3.13%) Management Information System
11 3 (1.88%) Legacy Applications
12 2 (1.25%) Algorithms
12 2 (1.25%) Enterprise Storage
12 2 (1.25%) Mobile App
12 2 (1.25%) NHS
12 2 (1.25%) Virtual Team
13 1 (0.63%) Cyber Defence
13 1 (0.63%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
Operating Systems
1 97 (60.63%) Linux
2 36 (22.50%) Unix
3 12 (7.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 12 (7.50%) Ubuntu
4 10 (6.25%) Debian
4 10 (6.25%) Windows
5 7 (4.38%) CentOS
6 6 (3.75%) VMS
7 3 (1.88%) Windows Server
8 2 (1.25%) DC/OS
9 1 (0.63%) AIX
9 1 (0.63%) Solaris
9 1 (0.63%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 69 (43.13%) DevOps
2 44 (27.50%) CI/CD
3 34 (21.25%) Microservices
4 30 (18.75%) Cybersecurity
4 30 (18.75%) Key Management
5 29 (18.13%) Agile
5 29 (18.13%) Observability
6 27 (16.88%) Continuous Integration
7 25 (15.63%) Application Security
7 25 (15.63%) Open Source
8 20 (12.50%) Deployment Automation
8 20 (12.50%) Load Balancing
9 19 (11.88%) Continuous Delivery
9 19 (11.88%) Identity Access Management
9 19 (11.88%) Site Reliability Engineering
10 18 (11.25%) Vulnerability Management
11 17 (10.63%) Cloud Operations
11 17 (10.63%) Configuration Management
12 16 (10.00%) Data Loss Prevention
12 16 (10.00%) Zero Trust
Programming Languages
1 74 (46.25%) Python
2 48 (30.00%) Java
3 37 (23.13%) JavaScript
4 25 (15.63%) Go
5 22 (13.75%) SQL
6 20 (12.50%) Bash
7 11 (6.88%) C++
8 10 (6.25%) C
8 10 (6.25%) PowerShell
9 8 (5.00%) Perl
9 8 (5.00%) Scala
10 6 (3.75%) Ruby
10 6 (3.75%) Shell Script
11 2 (1.25%) ES6
12 1 (0.63%) Groovy
12 1 (0.63%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 17 (10.63%) Degree
2 11 (6.88%) Security Cleared
3 10 (6.25%) SC Cleared
4 9 (5.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (5.00%) CCIE
5 8 (5.00%) Cisco Certification
6 7 (4.38%) RHCE
7 6 (3.75%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 4 (2.50%) CCIE Security
8 4 (2.50%) Master's Degree
9 3 (1.88%) CCNP
9 3 (1.88%) CISSP
9 3 (1.88%) RHCSA
10 2 (1.25%) JNCIE
10 2 (1.25%) JNCIP
10 2 (1.25%) JNCIS
10 2 (1.25%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
11 1 (0.63%) CISMP
11 1 (0.63%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (4.38%) OASIS TOSCA
2 4 (2.50%) QA
3 1 (0.63%) HIPAA
3 1 (0.63%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 84 (52.50%) Docker
2 52 (32.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 30 (18.75%) vCloud
4 16 (10.00%) VMware Workstation
5 13 (8.13%) Ceph
6 8 (5.00%) VMware NSX
7 7 (4.38%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (3.75%) KVM
8 6 (3.75%) VMware ESXi
8 6 (3.75%) Xen
9 4 (2.50%) Active Directory
9 4 (2.50%) vSphere
10 3 (1.88%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 2 (1.25%) GPFS
11 2 (1.25%) HDFS
11 2 (1.25%) Hyper-V
11 2 (1.25%) NFS
11 2 (1.25%) Samba
11 2 (1.25%) Slurm Workload Manager
12 1 (0.63%) etcd
Systems Management
1 109 (68.13%) Kubernetes
2 53 (33.13%) Ansible
3 47 (29.38%) Terraform
4 40 (25.00%) Prometheus
5 35 (21.88%) Grafana
6 32 (20.00%) Puppet
7 16 (10.00%) Consul
7 16 (10.00%) Opscode Chef
8 14 (8.75%) HAProxy
9 13 (8.13%) ZABBIX
10 10 (6.25%) Fluentd
10 10 (6.25%) vRealize
11 7 (4.38%) CloudForms
11 7 (4.38%) Rancher
12 6 (3.75%) Nagios
13 5 (3.13%) Salt
14 4 (2.50%) Cloudify
14 4 (2.50%) Istio
14 4 (2.50%) Packer
14 4 (2.50%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 78 (48.75%) VMware
2 43 (26.88%) Google
3 34 (21.25%) Red Hat
4 28 (17.50%) Microsoft
5 26 (16.25%) CA
6 18 (11.25%) Cisco
7 14 (8.75%) IBM
8 11 (6.88%) Sonatype
8 11 (6.88%) Splunk
9 10 (6.25%) CyberArk
10 8 (5.00%) Confluent
11 7 (4.38%) Juniper
12 6 (3.75%) Databricks
12 6 (3.75%) Ericsson
12 6 (3.75%) New Relic
13 5 (3.13%) Arista
13 5 (3.13%) NetApp
14 4 (2.50%) HP
14 4 (2.50%) Mirantis
14 4 (2.50%) Nokia