Period
to 28 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OpenStack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OpenStack over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

OpenStack
UK
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 651 508 560
Rank change year-on-year -143 +52 -51
Contract jobs citing OpenStack 174 105 199
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.20% 0.25% 0.28%
As % of the Application Platforms category 1.61% 1.71% 1.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 126 60 119
10th Percentile £428 £388 £393
25th Percentile £500 £436 £464
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £688 £573 £600
90th Percentile £775 £600 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £526 £518
% change year-on-year -4.99% +1.59% +3.60%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 1
10th Percentile - £62.40 -
25th Percentile - £63.75 £46.75
Median hourly rate - £66.00 £48.50
Median % change year-on-year - +36.08% -11.82%
75th Percentile - - £50.25
90th Percentile - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £66.00 £48.50
% change year-on-year - +36.08% -

OpenStack is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 10,790 6,133 10,315
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.29% 14.39% 14.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,417 4,193 6,860
10th Percentile £313 £275 £250
25th Percentile £413 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% -5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £569 £550
90th Percentile £706 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £460 £430 £425
% change year-on-year +6.98% +1.18% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 172 174 233
10th Percentile £14.25 £14.15 £11.03
25th Percentile £16.53 £20.00 £14.25
Median hourly rate £24.68 £26.73 £19.41
Median % change year-on-year -7.67% +37.71% +3.52%
75th Percentile £51.00 £56.78 £36.70
90th Percentile £65.50 £64.50 £51.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £24.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year -20.83% +33.33% +2.86%

OpenStack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OpenStack as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OpenStack.

Daily rate trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OpenStack over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OpenStack.

Hourly rate trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OpenStack within the UK over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -144 147 £600 +20.00% 37
London -116 89 £630 +26.00% 22
UK excluding London -123 51 £500 -4.99% 16
Work from Home -156 46 £575 +4.55% 7
South East -66 32 £575 +4.55% 8
East of England -49 6 £500 +11.11% 5
Wales - 5 £450 -
North West -44 3 £375 -16.67%
North of England -62 3 £375 -11.76% 1
South West -56 2 £425 -10.53%
Scotland -60 2 £690 +53.33% 1
West Midlands - 1 £500 -
Midlands - 1 £500 - 1

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing OpenStack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OpenStack.

1 104 (59.77%) Kubernetes
2 100 (57.47%) Linux
3 89 (51.15%) Docker
4 80 (45.98%) AWS
4 80 (45.98%) VMware
5 77 (44.25%) DevOps
6 69 (39.66%) Python
7 67 (38.51%) Ansible
8 59 (33.91%) Azure
9 55 (31.61%) CI/CD
10 49 (28.16%) Telecoms
10 49 (28.16%) GCP
10 49 (28.16%) Terraform
11 45 (25.86%) Java
12 41 (23.56%) Agile Software Development
12 41 (23.56%) VMware Infrastructure
13 40 (22.99%) PaaS
13 40 (22.99%) Cybersecurity
14 39 (22.41%) vCloud
14 39 (22.41%) OAuth
15 38 (21.84%) SSL
16 37 (21.26%) Microservices
17 35 (20.11%) Jenkins
17 35 (20.11%) Firewall
18 34 (19.54%) CA
18 34 (19.54%) Git (software)
18 34 (19.54%) Application Security
18 34 (19.54%) Key Management
19 33 (18.97%) Red Hat
20 31 (17.82%) Vulnerability Management

OpenStack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (9.20%) nginx
2 8 (4.60%) Apache
3 7 (4.02%) Cloud Foundry
3 7 (4.02%) IIS
3 7 (4.02%) JBoss
4 5 (2.87%) Confluence
5 4 (2.30%) GlassFish
5 4 (2.30%) Tomcat
6 3 (1.72%) Apache Spark
7 2 (1.15%) Apache Airflow
7 2 (1.15%) Elasticsearch
8 1 (0.57%) Camunda
8 1 (0.57%) CloudStack
8 1 (0.57%) GeoServer
8 1 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 1 (0.57%) Red Hat Fuse
8 1 (0.57%) SAS
Business Applications
1 2 (1.15%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 80 (45.98%) AWS
2 59 (33.91%) Azure
3 49 (28.16%) GCP
4 40 (22.99%) PaaS
5 28 (16.09%) SaaS
6 26 (14.94%) IaaS
7 24 (13.79%) Serverless
8 19 (10.92%) Cloud Computing
9 18 (10.34%) OpenShift
10 12 (6.90%) AWS CloudFormation
11 10 (5.75%) Amazon ELB
12 7 (4.02%) Amazon EKS
12 7 (4.02%) GitHub
13 5 (2.87%) Amazon ECS
13 5 (2.87%) Azure Active Directory
14 3 (1.72%) Amazon EC2
14 3 (1.72%) Amazon Kinesis
14 3 (1.72%) Apigee
14 3 (1.72%) Datadog
15 2 (1.15%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 38 (21.84%) SSL
2 35 (20.11%) Firewall
3 26 (14.94%) VPN
4 25 (14.37%) DNS
5 21 (12.07%) IPsec
6 20 (11.49%) IKE
7 12 (6.90%) Network Security
8 9 (5.17%) MPLS
9 7 (4.02%) Internet
9 7 (4.02%) OSPF
10 6 (3.45%) BGP
10 6 (3.45%) TCP/IP
11 5 (2.87%) LAN
11 5 (2.87%) SD-WAN
12 4 (2.30%) 5G
12 4 (2.30%) WAN
13 3 (1.72%) 4G
13 3 (1.72%) HTTP
13 3 (1.72%) Junos
13 3 (1.72%) Spanning Tree
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (17.24%) MongoDB
2 27 (15.52%) PostgreSQL
3 23 (13.22%) MySQL
4 21 (12.07%) Hadoop
5 14 (8.05%) Couchbase
6 10 (5.75%) NoSQL
7 9 (5.17%) Big Data
8 8 (4.60%) Redis
9 5 (2.87%) SQL Server
10 4 (2.30%) Apache Cassandra
10 4 (2.30%) Relational Database
11 3 (1.72%) HBase
11 3 (1.72%) Tableau
12 2 (1.15%) Apache Hive
12 2 (1.15%) Flink
13 1 (0.57%) BigQuery
13 1 (0.57%) BusinessObjects
13 1 (0.57%) Data Warehouse
13 1 (0.57%) InfluxDB
13 1 (0.57%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 35 (20.11%) Jenkins
2 34 (19.54%) Git (software)
3 15 (8.62%) Sonatype Nexus
4 9 (5.17%) JIRA
5 8 (4.60%) GitLab
6 7 (4.02%) Maven
7 5 (2.87%) Bitbucket
7 5 (2.87%) JUnit
8 4 (2.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 4 (2.30%) Gerrit
8 4 (2.30%) Mockito
8 4 (2.30%) Selenium
8 4 (2.30%) WebDriver
9 3 (1.72%) Postman
10 2 (1.15%) Artifactory
10 2 (1.15%) Gradle
10 2 (1.15%) RSpec
11 1 (0.57%) Cucumber
11 1 (0.57%) Emacs
11 1 (0.57%) Vagrant
General
1 49 (28.16%) Telecoms
2 26 (14.94%) Finance
3 24 (13.79%) Games
4 17 (9.77%) Analytical Skills
5 15 (8.62%) Social Skills
6 11 (6.32%) Financial Institution
6 11 (6.32%) Legal
7 3 (1.72%) Banking
7 3 (1.72%) Public Sector
7 3 (1.72%) Retail
8 2 (1.15%) French Language
8 2 (1.15%) Welsh Language
9 1 (0.57%) Advertising
9 1 (0.57%) German Language
9 1 (0.57%) Influencing Skills
9 1 (0.57%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 50 (28.74%) Architect
2 33 (18.97%) Security Architect
3 24 (13.79%) Security Engineer
4 21 (12.07%) DevOps Engineer
5 19 (10.92%) Cloud Architect
6 17 (9.77%) Consultant
7 16 (9.20%) Developer
8 15 (8.62%) Design Engineer
9 14 (8.05%) Cloud Engineer
9 14 (8.05%) Lead Architect
9 14 (8.05%) Lead Security Architect
10 13 (7.47%) AWS Architect
11 11 (6.32%) Cloud Consultant
12 10 (5.75%) Java Developer
13 8 (4.60%) Linux Engineer
13 8 (4.60%) VMware Architect
13 8 (4.60%) VMware Engineer
14 7 (4.02%) Azure Architect
14 7 (4.02%) Network Engineer
14 7 (4.02%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (22.41%) OAuth
2 28 (16.09%) Kafka
3 22 (12.64%) OAuth2
4 17 (9.77%) RabbitMQ
5 15 (8.62%) Spring
6 14 (8.05%) Elastic Stack
6 14 (8.05%) gRPC
6 14 (8.05%) JWT
6 14 (8.05%) Spring Boot
7 12 (6.90%) REST
8 11 (6.32%) Node.js
8 11 (6.32%) RESTful
9 8 (4.60%) AngularJS
9 8 (4.60%) Web Services
10 7 (4.02%) XML
11 6 (3.45%) LDAP
11 6 (3.45%) SAML
11 6 (3.45%) Swagger
12 5 (2.87%) Apache Camel
13 4 (2.30%) RESTEasy
Miscellaneous
1 31 (17.82%) Private Cloud
2 26 (14.94%) PKI
3 23 (13.22%) Data Centre
4 18 (10.34%) Public Cloud
5 16 (9.20%) Hybrid Cloud
6 12 (6.90%) Enterprise Cloud
7 11 (6.32%) Hedge funds
7 11 (6.32%) Linux Command Line
8 6 (3.45%) Cloud Native
9 5 (2.87%) Cybercrime
9 5 (2.87%) Data Protection Act
9 5 (2.87%) NHS
10 4 (2.30%) Clustering
10 4 (2.30%) Legacy Applications
11 3 (1.72%) DataPower
11 3 (1.72%) Legacy Code
12 2 (1.15%) Cyber Defence
12 2 (1.15%) Data Structures
12 2 (1.15%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 2 (1.15%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 100 (57.47%) Linux
2 24 (13.79%) Unix
3 21 (12.07%) Windows
4 19 (10.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 17 (9.77%) Debian
6 12 (6.90%) Ubuntu
7 10 (5.75%) CentOS
8 5 (2.87%) Windows Server
9 4 (2.30%) VMS
10 1 (0.57%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.57%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 77 (44.25%) DevOps
2 55 (31.61%) CI/CD
3 41 (23.56%) Agile Software Development
4 40 (22.99%) Cybersecurity
5 37 (21.26%) Microservices
6 34 (19.54%) Application Security
6 34 (19.54%) Key Management
7 31 (17.82%) Vulnerability Management
8 30 (17.24%) Data Protection
9 26 (14.94%) Security Architecture
10 24 (13.79%) Test Automation
11 21 (12.07%) Identity Access Management
11 21 (12.07%) SDLC
12 20 (11.49%) Data Loss Prevention
12 20 (11.49%) Password Management
12 20 (11.49%) Zero Trust
13 19 (10.92%) Configuration Management
14 18 (10.34%) Scrum
14 18 (10.34%) Service Delivery
14 18 (10.34%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 69 (39.66%) Python
2 45 (25.86%) Java
3 28 (16.09%) JavaScript
4 24 (13.79%) Perl
5 18 (10.34%) C
6 15 (8.62%) Bash
7 14 (8.05%) C++
8 13 (7.47%) SQL
9 11 (6.32%) Java 11
10 8 (4.60%) Go
11 7 (4.02%) Java 8
12 6 (3.45%) Scala
13 5 (2.87%) PowerShell
13 5 (2.87%) Ruby
14 3 (1.72%) Kotlin
15 2 (1.15%) C#
15 2 (1.15%) PHP
15 2 (1.15%) Shell Script
15 2 (1.15%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 20 (11.49%) Degree
2 15 (8.62%) SC Cleared
2 15 (8.62%) Security Cleared
3 13 (7.47%) CISSP
4 10 (5.75%) Cisco Certification
5 9 (5.17%) CCIE
6 4 (2.30%) BPSS Clearance
6 4 (2.30%) CCIE Security
6 4 (2.30%) CCNP
7 3 (1.72%) CCNA
7 3 (1.72%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 2 (1.15%) AWS Certification
8 2 (1.15%) CISMP
8 2 (1.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.57%) MCITP
9 1 (0.57%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.57%) PhD
9 1 (0.57%) RHCE
9 1 (0.57%) RHCSA
9 1 (0.57%) VCP6
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (6.90%) GDPR
2 4 (2.30%) QA
3 1 (0.57%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.57%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 89 (51.15%) Docker
2 41 (23.56%) VMware Infrastructure
3 39 (22.41%) vCloud
4 20 (11.49%) VMware Workstation
5 14 (8.05%) KVM
6 11 (6.32%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (5.75%) Active Directory
8 8 (4.60%) vSphere
9 6 (3.45%) Ceph
9 6 (3.45%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (2.30%) Hyper-V
10 4 (2.30%) Xen
11 3 (1.72%) VMware NSX
12 2 (1.15%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 2 (1.15%) HDFS
12 2 (1.15%) Slurm Workload Manager
13 1 (0.57%) GeoWebCache
13 1 (0.57%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 104 (59.77%) Kubernetes
2 67 (38.51%) Ansible
3 49 (28.16%) Terraform
4 22 (12.64%) Grafana
4 22 (12.64%) Puppet
5 19 (10.92%) Consul
6 16 (9.20%) Opscode Chef
6 16 (9.20%) Prometheus
7 14 (8.05%) Fluentd
7 14 (8.05%) HAProxy
7 14 (8.05%) ZABBIX
8 7 (4.02%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 6 (3.45%) vRealize
10 4 (2.30%) Nagios
11 3 (1.72%) Packer
11 3 (1.72%) Salt
11 3 (1.72%) vCenter Server
12 2 (1.15%) CASB
12 2 (1.15%) Istio
12 2 (1.15%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 80 (45.98%) VMware
2 34 (19.54%) CA
3 33 (18.97%) Red Hat
4 29 (16.67%) Google
5 25 (14.37%) Microsoft
6 15 (8.62%) Juniper
7 14 (8.05%) CyberArk
7 14 (8.05%) Sonatype
8 12 (6.90%) Cisco
8 12 (6.90%) IBM
9 7 (4.02%) Oracle
9 7 (4.02%) ServiceNow
10 5 (2.87%) Pega
10 5 (2.87%) WSO2
11 4 (2.30%) Citrix
11 4 (2.30%) F5
12 3 (1.72%) BEA
12 3 (1.72%) Mirantis
12 3 (1.72%) Nokia
12 3 (1.72%) SaltStack