Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OpenStack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OpenStack over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

OpenStack
UK
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 564 506 561
Rank change year-on-year -58 +55 -73
Contract jobs citing OpenStack 146 98 285
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.24% 0.22% 0.31%
As % of the Application Platforms category 1.80% 1.54% 2.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 92 65 175
10th Percentile £381 £368 £418
25th Percentile £450 £463 £478
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £578 £613 £638
90th Percentile £661 £710 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £550 £525
% change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% +20.00%

OpenStack is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 8,130 6,383 14,231
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.17% 14.64% 15.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,497 4,296 9,183
10th Percentile £300 £289 £275
25th Percentile £400 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £486 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.32% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £575 £563 £575
90th Percentile £658 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £433
% change year-on-year - +4.05% +4.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 166 135 288
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.63 £12.00
25th Percentile £16.40 £15.77 £12.50
Median hourly rate £25.50 £20.00 £18.00
Median % change year-on-year +27.50% +11.11% -3.41%
75th Percentile £53.38 £33.38 £34.51
90th Percentile £65.52 £54.50 £49.65
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.25 £19.90 £16.21
% change year-on-year +21.86% +22.76% -7.37%

OpenStack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OpenStack as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OpenStack.

Daily rate trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OpenStack over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OpenStack.

Hourly rate trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OpenStack within the UK over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 114 £525 -4.55% 31
Work from Home -201 81 £525 -14.29% 11
UK excluding London +3 75 £525 -4.55% 23
London -57 40 £513 +0.49% 11
South East +13 36 £538 -6.52% 7
East of England +30 21 £575 +27.78% 7
North of England +2 7 £525 -10.26% 4
South West +8 6 £625 +22.55% 2
North West +7 6 £525 +16.67% 4
Scotland -35 3 £490 -2.00% 2
West Midlands -12 2 £400 -
Midlands -13 2 £400 -
Yorkshire -3 1 £500 -14.71%

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing OpenStack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OpenStack.

1 62 (42.47%) Kubernetes
2 57 (39.04%) AWS
3 55 (37.67%) Linux
4 53 (36.30%) Docker
5 44 (30.14%) Red Hat
6 43 (29.45%) Azure
7 40 (27.40%) VMware
8 38 (26.03%) Data Centre
9 34 (23.29%) Open Source
10 33 (22.60%) Google
10 33 (22.60%) Python
11 31 (21.23%) GCP
12 30 (20.55%) Ansible
12 30 (20.55%) Grafana
12 30 (20.55%) Cisco
12 30 (20.55%) Juniper
12 30 (20.55%) Telecoms
13 29 (19.86%) DevOps
14 28 (19.18%) 3GPP
15 27 (18.49%) VMware Infrastructure
15 27 (18.49%) Software-Defined Networking
15 27 (18.49%) KVM
15 27 (18.49%) VMware ESXi
16 26 (17.81%) Microservices
16 26 (17.81%) Social Skills
17 25 (17.12%) 5G
17 25 (17.12%) Prometheus
17 25 (17.12%) YAML
17 25 (17.12%) SGSN
17 25 (17.12%) JSON

OpenStack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (3.42%) Apache
2 4 (2.74%) Confluence
2 4 (2.74%) Exchange Server 2003
2 4 (2.74%) Exchange Server 2007
2 4 (2.74%) Exchange Server 2010
2 4 (2.74%) Exchange Server 2013
2 4 (2.74%) MS Exchange
2 4 (2.74%) Office Communications Server
2 4 (2.74%) Skype for Business
3 3 (2.05%) Cloud Foundry
3 3 (2.05%) SAS
3 3 (2.05%) SharePoint
4 2 (1.37%) Elasticsearch
4 2 (1.37%) nginx
5 1 (0.68%) Drupal
5 1 (0.68%) JBoss
5 1 (0.68%) Red Hat Fuse
5 1 (0.68%) Tomcat
Applications
1 1 (0.68%) Microsoft Project
Cloud Services
1 57 (39.04%) AWS
2 43 (29.45%) Azure
3 31 (21.23%) GCP
4 17 (11.64%) Cloud Computing
5 12 (8.22%) OpenShift
6 11 (7.53%) Serverless
7 10 (6.85%) IaaS
8 7 (4.79%) SaaS
9 6 (4.11%) Amazon ELB
9 6 (4.11%) PaaS
10 4 (2.74%) Microsoft 365
11 3 (2.05%) AWS CloudFormation
12 2 (1.37%) Akamai
12 2 (1.37%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 2 (1.37%) Amazon EKS
12 2 (1.37%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
12 2 (1.37%) Azure Service Fabric
12 2 (1.37%) CloudFront
12 2 (1.37%) Heroku
12 2 (1.37%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 28 (19.18%) 3GPP
2 27 (18.49%) Software-Defined Networking
3 25 (17.12%) 5G
3 25 (17.12%) SGSN
4 21 (14.38%) 4G
5 19 (13.01%) 3G
6 18 (12.33%) Diameter Protocol
7 10 (6.85%) TCP/IP
8 7 (4.79%) DNS
8 7 (4.79%) Firewall
8 7 (4.79%) Internet
9 6 (4.11%) 2G
9 6 (4.11%) VoLTE
10 4 (2.74%) HTTP
10 4 (2.74%) Skype
10 4 (2.74%) SMTP
11 3 (2.05%) Ethernet
11 3 (2.05%) GGSN
11 3 (2.05%) iSCSI
11 3 (2.05%) SS7
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (8.90%) MongoDB
2 7 (4.79%) Redis
3 6 (4.11%) Big Data
3 6 (4.11%) Hadoop
3 6 (4.11%) PostgreSQL
4 5 (3.42%) MySQL
4 5 (3.42%) NoSQL
5 2 (1.37%) Amazon RDS
5 2 (1.37%) Data Warehouse
5 2 (1.37%) RDBMS
5 2 (1.37%) Relational Database
6 1 (0.68%) Azure SQL Database
6 1 (0.68%) Blockchain
6 1 (0.68%) Data Lake
6 1 (0.68%) InfluxDB
6 1 (0.68%) Neo4j
6 1 (0.68%) NuoDB
6 1 (0.68%) SQL Server
6 1 (0.68%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 18 (12.33%) Jenkins
2 14 (9.59%) Git (software)
3 8 (5.48%) JIRA
4 6 (4.11%) GitLab
5 5 (3.42%) JUnit
5 5 (3.42%) Mockito
5 5 (3.42%) WebDriver
6 3 (2.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 2 (1.37%) Bitbucket
7 2 (1.37%) CF BOSH
7 2 (1.37%) IBM UrbanCode
7 2 (1.37%) TeamCity
7 2 (1.37%) Toad
7 2 (1.37%) Vagrant
8 1 (0.68%) Bitbucket Server
8 1 (0.68%) Buildbot
8 1 (0.68%) Robot Framework
8 1 (0.68%) SonarQube
8 1 (0.68%) Sonatype Nexus
8 1 (0.68%) TestRail
General
1 30 (20.55%) Telecoms
2 26 (17.81%) Social Skills
3 15 (10.27%) Analytical Skills
4 13 (8.90%) Billing
5 10 (6.85%) Finance
6 3 (2.05%) Electronics
6 3 (2.05%) French Language
6 3 (2.05%) Public Sector
7 2 (1.37%) Banking
7 2 (1.37%) Manufacturing
7 2 (1.37%) Marketing
8 1 (0.68%) Documentation Skills
8 1 (0.68%) Front Office
8 1 (0.68%) Influencing Skills
8 1 (0.68%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.68%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 31 (21.23%) Cloud Engineer
2 20 (13.70%) Consultant
3 19 (13.01%) Architect
4 18 (12.33%) DevOps Engineer
4 18 (12.33%) Kubernetes Engineer
5 13 (8.90%) Cloud Consultant
6 11 (7.53%) Senior Consultant
7 9 (6.16%) Designer
8 6 (4.11%) Developer
8 6 (4.11%) Java Developer
8 6 (4.11%) Software Engineer
8 6 (4.11%) Test Engineer
9 5 (3.42%) Mobile Engineer
9 5 (3.42%) Solutions Architect
10 4 (2.74%) Cloud Architect
10 4 (2.74%) Cloud Developer
10 4 (2.74%) Mobile Designer
10 4 (2.74%) Network Designer
10 4 (2.74%) Security Architect
10 4 (2.74%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (17.12%) JSON
1 25 (17.12%) XML
1 25 (17.12%) YAML
2 22 (15.07%) Spine.js
3 8 (5.48%) Kafka
3 8 (5.48%) Spring
4 7 (4.79%) REST
5 6 (4.11%) Web Services
6 5 (3.42%) Akka
6 5 (3.42%) Memcached
6 5 (3.42%) RESTEasy
6 5 (3.42%) SAML
6 5 (3.42%) Spring MVC
6 5 (3.42%) Swagger
6 5 (3.42%) WireMock
7 4 (2.74%) Elastic Stack
7 4 (2.74%) RabbitMQ
8 3 (2.05%) LAPP Stack
8 3 (2.05%) Node.js
8 3 (2.05%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 38 (26.03%) Data Centre
2 22 (15.07%) Derivative
3 17 (11.64%) Cloud Native
4 14 (9.59%) Hybrid Cloud
5 12 (8.22%) Private Cloud
6 6 (4.11%) CMDB
7 5 (3.42%) Clustering
7 5 (3.42%) Public Cloud
8 4 (2.74%) Self-Motivation
9 3 (2.05%) Linux Command Line
9 3 (2.05%) PKI
9 3 (2.05%) Virtual Team
10 2 (1.37%) Algorithms
10 2 (1.37%) Data Structures
10 2 (1.37%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 2 (1.37%) Enterprise Cloud
10 2 (1.37%) Management Information System
11 1 (0.68%) Life Science
11 1 (0.68%) Mainframe
11 1 (0.68%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 55 (37.67%) Linux
2 23 (15.75%) Windows
3 14 (9.59%) Unix
4 8 (5.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 8 (5.48%) Windows Server
4 8 (5.48%) Windows Server 2012
5 5 (3.42%) Ubuntu
5 5 (3.42%) VMS
5 5 (3.42%) Windows Server 2003
6 4 (2.74%) Debian
6 4 (2.74%) Windows Server 2008
6 4 (2.74%) Windows Server 2016
7 1 (0.68%) CentOS
7 1 (0.68%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.68%) Solaris
7 1 (0.68%) Windows 2000 Server
7 1 (0.68%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 34 (23.29%) Open Source
2 29 (19.86%) DevOps
3 26 (17.81%) Microservices
4 25 (17.12%) Migration
5 22 (15.07%) Agile Software Development
6 14 (9.59%) Presales
7 13 (8.90%) Analytics
8 11 (7.53%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 11 (7.53%) Problem-Solving
9 10 (6.85%) Computer Science
9 10 (6.85%) Continuous Delivery
9 10 (6.85%) Security Architecture
10 9 (6.16%) Configuration Management
10 9 (6.16%) Incident Management
11 8 (5.48%) Auto-Scaling
11 8 (5.48%) Continuous Integration
11 8 (5.48%) Software Engineering
11 8 (5.48%) Validation
12 7 (4.79%) Problem Management
12 7 (4.79%) Technical Leadership
Programming Languages
1 33 (22.60%) Python
2 17 (11.64%) Java
3 14 (9.59%) SQL
4 11 (7.53%) PowerShell
5 9 (6.16%) Ruby
6 8 (5.48%) JavaScript
7 7 (4.79%) Perl
8 6 (4.11%) C++
8 6 (4.11%) Scala
9 4 (2.74%) Bash Shell
10 3 (2.05%) Go
10 3 (2.05%) Shell Script
11 2 (1.37%) C
11 2 (1.37%) PHP
12 1 (0.68%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 12 (8.22%) Degree
2 11 (7.53%) Security Cleared
3 7 (4.79%) DV Cleared
3 7 (4.79%) Microsoft Certification
4 6 (4.11%) RHCE
5 5 (3.42%) SC Cleared
6 4 (2.74%) MCSE
6 4 (2.74%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 3 (2.05%) MCITP
7 3 (2.05%) MCSA
7 3 (2.05%) VCP6
8 2 (1.37%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.68%) CCNA
9 1 (0.68%) CCNP
9 1 (0.68%) CCSP
9 1 (0.68%) CISA
9 1 (0.68%) CISSP
9 1 (0.68%) OCP
9 1 (0.68%) Oracle Certification
9 1 (0.68%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (16.44%) OASIS TOSCA
2 2 (1.37%) HIPAA
2 2 (1.37%) NIST
2 2 (1.37%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.68%) COBIT
3 1 (0.68%) GDPR
3 1 (0.68%) PMO
3 1 (0.68%) QA
3 1 (0.68%) SLA
System Software
1 53 (36.30%) Docker
2 27 (18.49%) KVM
2 27 (18.49%) VMware ESXi
2 27 (18.49%) VMware Infrastructure
3 22 (15.07%) LXC
4 13 (8.90%) Active Directory
5 9 (6.16%) vSphere
6 6 (4.11%) vCloud
6 6 (4.11%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (3.42%) Hyper-V
8 3 (2.05%) Ceph
9 2 (1.37%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 2 (1.37%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.68%) NFS
10 1 (0.68%) QEMU
10 1 (0.68%) Samba
Systems Management
1 62 (42.47%) Kubernetes
2 30 (20.55%) Ansible
2 30 (20.55%) Grafana
3 25 (17.12%) Prometheus
4 23 (15.75%) Cloudify
4 23 (15.75%) Docker Swarm
5 22 (15.07%) Juju
6 18 (12.33%) Puppet
7 12 (8.22%) Terraform
8 10 (6.85%) Opscode Chef
9 8 (5.48%) Red Hat Satellite
10 7 (4.79%) vRealize
11 6 (4.11%) CloudForms
11 6 (4.11%) vRealize Orchestrator
12 3 (2.05%) Cobbler
12 3 (2.05%) Failover Clustering
12 3 (2.05%) Microsoft Clustering
12 3 (2.05%) vCenter Server
12 3 (2.05%) vMotion
13 2 (1.37%) Salt
Vendors
1 44 (30.14%) Red Hat
2 40 (27.40%) VMware
3 33 (22.60%) Google
4 30 (20.55%) Cisco
4 30 (20.55%) Juniper
5 24 (16.44%) Ericsson
6 23 (15.75%) Microsoft
7 22 (15.07%) Mirantis
8 14 (9.59%) Dell
8 14 (9.59%) Rackspace
9 9 (6.16%) HP
10 4 (2.74%) F5
10 4 (2.74%) Fortinet
10 4 (2.74%) IBM
10 4 (2.74%) IronPort
10 4 (2.74%) SAP
10 4 (2.74%) Trend Micro
11 3 (2.05%) CheckPoint
11 3 (2.05%) Nokia
11 3 (2.05%) ServiceNow