Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OpenStack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OpenStack over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

OpenStack
UK
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 460 406 423
Rank change year-on-year -54 +17 +145
Contract jobs citing OpenStack 518 591 572
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.49% 0.57% 0.56%
As % of the Application Platforms category 2.92% 3.46% 3.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 375 393 417
UK median daily rate £500 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% +9.53%
10th Percentile £402 £351 £339
90th Percentile £608 £638 £630
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £438 £430
% change year-on-year - +1.74% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 4
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £43.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +27.91% +4.88% -18.00%
10th Percentile £52.50 £43.00 £31.33
90th Percentile £57.50 £43.00 £46.76
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £43.00 £39.00
% change year-on-year - +10.26% -22.00%

OpenStack is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 17,721 17,098 18,961
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.82% 16.56% 18.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,432 11,346 12,243
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £255
90th Percentile £625 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +1.31%
Number of hourly rates quoted 398 415 450
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.50% - -
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.70 £48.41
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.25 £20.00 £20.87
% change year-on-year +1.23% -4.15% +11.70%

OpenStack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OpenStack as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing OpenStack.

Contractor daily rate trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing OpenStack over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing OpenStack.

Contractor hourly rate trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OpenStack within the UK over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -51 489 £511 -0.24% 71
London -18 264 £550 +4.76% 33
UK excluding London -48 243 £438 - 44
South East -65 98 £500 +6.95% 10
South West 0 46 £425 +6.12% 10
East of England +16 39 £518 +8.95% 4
Midlands -6 23 £500 +40.35% 7
Scotland -7 18 £383 +15.21%
West Midlands -14 15 £500 -4.76% 3
North of England -43 15 £444 +8.23% 7
North West -16 6 £475 -9.52% 3
Yorkshire -30 6 £438 -6.42% 4
East Midlands -1 4 £413 +17.86% 4
North East -18 3 £535 +47.45%
Wales -18 2 - - 4
Northern Ireland - 2 £425 - 2

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing OpenStack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OpenStack.

1 355 (68.53%) Amazon AWS
2 283 (54.63%) Ansible
3 274 (52.90%) Agile Software Development
4 273 (52.70%) Microsoft Azure
5 263 (50.77%) Puppet
6 256 (49.42%) Java
7 224 (43.24%) Opscode Chef
8 220 (42.47%) PostgreSQL
9 214 (41.31%) MySQL
10 210 (40.54%) Continuous Integration
11 198 (38.22%) Oracle
12 197 (38.03%) TDD
12 197 (38.03%) NoSQL
13 191 (36.87%) WebLogic
14 189 (36.49%) OO
15 187 (36.10%) WebSphere
16 182 (35.14%) NUnit
17 181 (34.94%) Tomcat
17 181 (34.94%) MSTest
18 174 (33.59%) Linux
19 154 (29.73%) DevOps
20 137 (26.45%) Python
21 132 (25.48%) Migration
22 128 (24.71%) Docker
23 121 (23.36%) Jenkins
24 108 (20.85%) Kubernetes
25 105 (20.27%) VMware
26 93 (17.95%) Red Hat
27 86 (16.60%) Bash Shell
28 76 (14.67%) VMware Infrastructure

OpenStack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 191 (36.87%) WebLogic
2 187 (36.10%) WebSphere
3 181 (34.94%) Tomcat
4 30 (5.79%) nginx
5 25 (4.83%) JBoss
6 20 (3.86%) Apache
6 20 (3.86%) Confluence
6 20 (3.86%) Elasticsearch
7 15 (2.90%) Cloud Foundry
8 8 (1.54%) CloudStack
9 6 (1.16%) SharePoint
10 4 (0.77%) Apache Solr
10 4 (0.77%) IIS
11 3 (0.58%) OpenWhisk
11 3 (0.58%) SharePoint 2010
11 3 (0.58%) SharePoint 2013
11 3 (0.58%) SharePoint Server
12 2 (0.39%) Apache Spark
12 2 (0.39%) ColdFusion
13 1 (0.19%) Documentum
Applications
1 2 (0.39%) InfoPath
1 2 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (0.58%) Remedy ITSM
1 3 (0.58%) Towers Watson Igloo
2 1 (0.19%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 355 (68.53%) Amazon AWS
2 273 (52.70%) Microsoft Azure
3 61 (11.78%) OpenShift
4 56 (10.81%) GitHub
5 53 (10.23%) PaaS
6 45 (8.69%) IaaS
7 44 (8.49%) Google Cloud Platform
8 15 (2.90%) SaaS
9 11 (2.12%) Heroku
10 9 (1.74%) Amazon EC2
10 9 (1.74%) npm
10 9 (1.74%) Office 365
11 8 (1.54%) Serverless
12 7 (1.35%) Amazon SQS
12 7 (1.35%) AWS CloudFormation
13 6 (1.16%) Slack
14 5 (0.97%) Cloud Computing
15 4 (0.77%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 3 (0.58%) IBM Cloud
16 3 (0.58%) SoftLayer
Communications & Networking
1 68 (13.13%) Firewall
2 32 (6.18%) DNS
3 29 (5.60%) HTTP
4 26 (5.02%) VPN
5 24 (4.63%) TCP/IP
6 22 (4.25%) VLAN
7 19 (3.67%) BGP
8 18 (3.47%) SSL
9 17 (3.28%) WAN
10 15 (2.90%) SAN
10 15 (2.90%) SNMP
10 15 (2.90%) Wireless
11 14 (2.70%) OSPF
11 14 (2.70%) SSH
12 13 (2.51%) 802.11
13 12 (2.32%) MPLS
14 11 (2.12%) VoIP
15 10 (1.93%) Junos
15 10 (1.93%) LAN
16 9 (1.74%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 220 (42.47%) PostgreSQL
2 214 (41.31%) MySQL
3 197 (38.03%) NoSQL
4 41 (7.92%) MongoDB
5 37 (7.14%) Apache Cassandra
6 22 (4.25%) Redis
7 14 (2.70%) Hadoop
8 12 (2.32%) SQL Server
9 11 (2.12%) NuoDB
10 9 (1.74%) Big Data
10 9 (1.74%) RDBMS
10 9 (1.74%) Relational Database
11 4 (0.77%) Neo4j
12 3 (0.58%) HBase
12 3 (0.58%) icCube
12 3 (0.58%) InfluxDB
13 2 (0.39%) Amazon RDS
13 2 (0.39%) InterSystems Cache
13 2 (0.39%) MariaDB
14 1 (0.19%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 182 (35.14%) NUnit
2 181 (34.94%) MSTest
3 121 (23.36%) Jenkins
4 61 (11.78%) GitLab
5 49 (9.46%) Git (software)
6 31 (5.98%) JIRA
7 24 (4.63%) Vagrant
8 15 (2.90%) Burp Suite
8 15 (2.90%) Metasploit
9 14 (2.70%) Selenium
10 12 (2.32%) CF BOSH
11 11 (2.12%) TeamCity
12 10 (1.93%) Bitbucket
13 6 (1.16%) GoCD
13 6 (1.16%) Subversion
13 6 (1.16%) Visual Studio
14 5 (0.97%) Team Foundation Server
15 4 (0.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 3 (0.58%) Maven
17 2 (0.39%) Eclipse
General
1 60 (11.58%) Finance
2 24 (4.63%) Telecoms
3 9 (1.74%) Banking
4 6 (1.16%) Retail
5 5 (0.97%) Marketing
6 4 (0.77%) Spanish Language
7 2 (0.39%) Front Office
7 2 (0.39%) Games
7 2 (0.39%) Law
8 1 (0.19%) Automotive
8 1 (0.19%) Billing
8 1 (0.19%) Electronics
8 1 (0.19%) Legal
8 1 (0.19%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.19%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 196 (37.84%) Developer
2 174 (33.59%) Java Developer
3 99 (19.11%) DevOps Engineer
4 56 (10.81%) Architect
5 37 (7.14%) Senior Developer
6 34 (6.56%) AWS Developer
7 33 (6.37%) Senior Java Developer
8 32 (6.18%) Cloud Engineer
9 28 (5.41%) Consultant
10 25 (4.83%) Digital Developer
10 25 (4.83%) Digital Transformation
11 20 (3.86%) AWS Architect
12 19 (3.67%) Linux Engineer
13 17 (3.28%) Cloud Architect
14 15 (2.90%) Senior DevOps
14 15 (2.90%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 15 (2.90%) Technical Architect
15 14 (2.70%) Penetration Tester
15 14 (2.70%) Tester
16 13 (2.51%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (5.98%) RabbitMQ
2 23 (4.44%) .NET
3 22 (4.25%) JSON
4 18 (3.47%) ActiveMQ
4 18 (3.47%) XML
5 16 (3.09%) CSS
5 16 (3.09%) Elastic Stack
5 16 (3.09%) Node.js
6 15 (2.90%) LAPP Stack
6 15 (2.90%) Web Services
7 14 (2.70%) 802.1X
8 13 (2.51%) HTML
8 13 (2.51%) Kafka
9 12 (2.32%) LAMP
9 12 (2.32%) LEMP Stack
10 9 (1.74%) Middleware
11 8 (1.54%) RESTful
12 7 (1.35%) AngularJS
12 7 (1.35%) CPAN
12 7 (1.35%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 25 (4.83%) Data Centre
2 16 (3.09%) Hybrid Cloud
2 16 (3.09%) Private Cloud
3 14 (2.70%) Clustering
3 14 (2.70%) PKI
3 14 (2.70%) SCADA
4 13 (2.51%) Cyberthreat
5 12 (2.32%) Mobile App
5 12 (2.32%) Public Cloud
6 11 (2.12%) Wiki
7 10 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
8 9 (1.74%) Management Information System
9 7 (1.35%) Analytical Skills
10 6 (1.16%) Cloud Native
10 6 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
11 5 (0.97%) Enterprise Cloud
12 4 (0.77%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 4 (0.77%) Video on Demand
13 3 (0.58%) Data Structures
13 3 (0.58%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 174 (33.59%) Linux
2 51 (9.85%) Windows
3 49 (9.46%) CentOS
4 39 (7.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 21 (4.05%) Windows Server
6 20 (3.86%) Unix
7 16 (3.09%) Ubuntu
8 15 (2.90%) Kali Linux
9 11 (2.12%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (1.54%) Windows Server 2008
11 5 (0.97%) Windows Server 2003
12 4 (0.77%) VMS
13 3 (0.58%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.58%) Windows 7
14 2 (0.39%) Debian
15 1 (0.19%) Apple iOS
15 1 (0.19%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 274 (52.90%) Agile Software Development
2 210 (40.54%) Continuous Integration
3 197 (38.03%) TDD
4 189 (36.49%) OO
5 154 (29.73%) DevOps
6 132 (25.48%) Migration
7 57 (11.00%) Configuration Management
8 56 (10.81%) Open Source
9 33 (6.37%) ITIL
10 32 (6.18%) Problem-Solving
11 31 (5.98%) Digital Transformation Programme
11 31 (5.98%) Test Automation
12 30 (5.79%) Continuous Delivery
12 30 (5.79%) High Availability
13 29 (5.60%) Deployment Automation
13 29 (5.60%) Microservices
14 26 (5.02%) Computer Science
15 25 (4.83%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 22 (4.25%) Kanban
17 21 (4.05%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 256 (49.42%) Java
2 137 (26.45%) Python
3 86 (16.60%) Bash Shell
4 50 (9.65%) Ruby
5 45 (8.69%) Perl
6 38 (7.34%) JavaScript
7 36 (6.95%) C#
8 31 (5.98%) SQL
9 27 (5.21%) PowerShell
10 24 (4.63%) Go
11 16 (3.09%) C
12 15 (2.90%) Lua
13 7 (1.35%) Shell Script
14 6 (1.16%) PHP
15 5 (0.97%) C++
16 3 (0.58%) R
17 2 (0.39%) AWK
17 2 (0.39%) Java 8
18 1 (0.19%) Apple Swift
18 1 (0.19%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 32 (6.18%) Degree
2 31 (5.98%) Security Cleared
3 26 (5.02%) SC Cleared
4 14 (2.70%) OSCE
5 8 (1.54%) BPSS Clearance
6 7 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (1.16%) Cisco Certification
7 6 (1.16%) CISSP
7 6 (1.16%) Microsoft Certification
8 5 (0.97%) CREST Certified
8 5 (0.97%) GPEN
8 5 (0.97%) MCSE
8 5 (0.97%) OSCP
8 5 (0.97%) SANS
8 5 (0.97%) SSCP
8 5 (0.97%) Tigerscheme
9 3 (0.58%) AWS Certification
9 3 (0.58%) CCNP
9 3 (0.58%) PhD
10 2 (0.39%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (2.90%) JSP 440
2 7 (1.35%) FedRAMP
3 6 (1.16%) QA
4 3 (0.58%) OASIS TOSCA
5 1 (0.19%) GDPR
5 1 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 128 (24.71%) Docker
2 76 (14.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 30 (5.79%) KVM
3 30 (5.79%) Xen
4 18 (3.47%) NFS
5 16 (3.09%) vSphere
6 14 (2.70%) Hyper-V
7 13 (2.51%) vCloud
8 12 (2.32%) VMware ESXi
9 11 (2.12%) Active Directory
10 9 (1.74%) VMware NSX
11 8 (1.54%) Virtual Servers
12 7 (1.35%) XenServer
13 6 (1.16%) Virtual Machines
14 5 (0.97%) Slurm Workload Manager
15 3 (0.58%) Apache Flume
15 3 (0.58%) Ceph
16 2 (0.39%) BIND 9
16 2 (0.39%) Postfix
16 2 (0.39%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 283 (54.63%) Ansible
2 263 (50.77%) Puppet
3 224 (43.24%) Opscode Chef
4 108 (20.85%) Kubernetes
5 43 (8.30%) Terraform
6 19 (3.67%) Nagios
7 18 (3.47%) Mesos
7 18 (3.47%) Prometheus
8 17 (3.28%) Docker Swarm
9 15 (2.90%) Nessus
9 15 (2.90%) Nmap
10 14 (2.70%) Grafana
10 14 (2.70%) Salt
11 12 (2.32%) ZABBIX
12 9 (1.74%) vCenter Server
13 7 (1.35%) Consul
14 6 (1.16%) Icinga
14 6 (1.16%) Kibana
14 6 (1.16%) logstash
15 5 (0.97%) Packer
Vendors
1 198 (38.22%) Oracle
2 105 (20.27%) VMware
3 93 (17.95%) Red Hat
4 35 (6.76%) Cisco
5 30 (5.79%) Microsoft
6 26 (5.02%) Google
6 26 (5.02%) Splunk
7 22 (4.25%) IBM
8 20 (3.86%) NetApp
9 19 (3.67%) F5
10 18 (3.47%) Juniper
11 16 (3.09%) CheckPoint
12 13 (2.51%) Mirantis
12 13 (2.51%) Rackspace
13 12 (2.32%) AppDynamics
13 12 (2.32%) HP
14 8 (1.54%) EMC
15 7 (1.35%) SaltStack
16 6 (1.16%) Nokia
17 4 (0.77%) TIBCO