Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for OpenStack skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited OpenStack over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

OpenStack
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 628 468 593
Rank change year-on-year -160 +125 -118
Contract jobs citing OpenStack 187 63 240
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.22% 0.20% 0.28%
As % of the Application Platforms category 1.72% 1.37% 1.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 139 45 139
10th Percentile £380 £350 £400
25th Percentile £459 £400 £459
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £475 £550
Median % change year-on-year +21.05% -13.64% +10.00%
75th Percentile £675 £575 £638
90th Percentile £750 £710 £715
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £503 £513
% change year-on-year -2.99% -1.95% +20.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £48.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £48.50

OpenStack is in the Application Platforms category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills.

All Application Platform Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for application platform skills 10,856 4,591 12,615
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.89% 14.72% 14.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,447 3,097 8,290
10th Percentile £304 £288 £259
25th Percentile £408 £375 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £600 £556 £550
90th Percentile £675 £650 £636
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 167 131 295
10th Percentile £14.15 £12.63 £10.68
25th Percentile £16.21 £16.05 £14.28
Median hourly rate £24.50 £22.38 £20.96
Median % change year-on-year +9.47% +6.80% +4.78%
75th Percentile £54.31 £38.50 £40.00
90th Percentile £70.04 £57.50 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.68 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -1.63% - -

OpenStack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OpenStack as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing OpenStack.

Daily rate trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing OpenStack over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing OpenStack.

Hourly rate trend for OpenStack in the UK

OpenStack
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing OpenStack within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -151 155 £575 +21.05% 53
London -155 80 £650 +44.44% 27
Work from Home -178 69 £550 - 10
UK excluding London -119 61 £488 -2.99% 26
South East -87 25 £475 -26.92% 10
East of England -24 24 £500 - 6
South West -44 5 £525 +10.53% 1
Wales -26 2 £538 -
Scotland -82 2 £650 +47.73% 1
North of England - 2 £400 - 3
North West - 2 £400 - 3
Midlands - 1 £500 - 5
West Midlands - 1 £500 - 3

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing OpenStack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for OpenStack.

1 103 (55.08%) Kubernetes
2 86 (45.99%) Linux
3 82 (43.85%) Docker
4 72 (38.50%) AWS
5 64 (34.22%) VMware
6 60 (32.09%) DevOps
7 59 (31.55%) GCP
7 59 (31.55%) Azure
8 58 (31.02%) Python
9 50 (26.74%) Java
10 49 (26.20%) Terraform
11 45 (24.06%) Ansible
12 43 (22.99%) Data Centre
12 43 (22.99%) Red Hat
12 43 (22.99%) Google
13 42 (22.46%) Telecoms
14 39 (20.86%) Cybersecurity
15 36 (19.25%) Agile Software Development
16 33 (17.65%) Microservices
17 32 (17.11%) Jenkins
17 32 (17.11%) Open Source
17 32 (17.11%) Data Protection
18 31 (16.58%) Git (software)
19 30 (16.04%) VMware Infrastructure
20 29 (15.51%) Security Architecture
21 28 (14.97%) Private Cloud
21 28 (14.97%) Serverless
22 27 (14.44%) JavaScript
23 26 (13.90%) Juniper
23 26 (13.90%) Vulnerability Management

OpenStack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (6.95%) Apache
2 9 (4.81%) nginx
3 6 (3.21%) Confluence
4 5 (2.67%) Tomcat
5 4 (2.14%) Drupal
6 3 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (0.53%) Apache Spark
7 1 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
7 1 (0.53%) GeoServer
7 1 (0.53%) GlassFish
7 1 (0.53%) IIS
7 1 (0.53%) JBoss
7 1 (0.53%) Red Hat Fuse
7 1 (0.53%) SAS
Applications
1 1 (0.53%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (1.07%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 72 (38.50%) AWS
2 59 (31.55%) Azure
2 59 (31.55%) GCP
3 28 (14.97%) Serverless
4 21 (11.23%) SaaS
5 18 (9.63%) IaaS
5 18 (9.63%) PaaS
6 15 (8.02%) AWS CloudFormation
7 12 (6.42%) Cloud Computing
7 12 (6.42%) OpenShift
8 7 (3.74%) Amazon ELB
9 6 (3.21%) Amazon EKS
10 5 (2.67%) Amazon ECS
10 5 (2.67%) GitHub
11 3 (1.60%) Datadog
12 2 (1.07%) Akamai
12 2 (1.07%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 2 (1.07%) AWS KMS
12 2 (1.07%) Azure Active Directory
12 2 (1.07%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 20 (10.70%) Firewall
2 19 (10.16%) SSL
3 16 (8.56%) VPN
4 14 (7.49%) DNS
5 13 (6.95%) 5G
6 11 (5.88%) 4G
6 11 (5.88%) IKE
6 11 (5.88%) IPsec
6 11 (5.88%) LAN
7 10 (5.35%) 3G
7 10 (5.35%) MPLS
7 10 (5.35%) Software-Defined Networking
8 9 (4.81%) 3GPP
9 8 (4.28%) 2G
10 7 (3.74%) Internet
10 7 (3.74%) SGSN
11 6 (3.21%) BGP
11 6 (3.21%) Network Security
11 6 (3.21%) VoLTE
12 5 (2.67%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (12.30%) MongoDB
2 15 (8.02%) Hadoop
3 14 (7.49%) MySQL
4 11 (5.88%) PostgreSQL
4 11 (5.88%) Redis
5 6 (3.21%) Big Data
6 5 (2.67%) Couchbase
6 5 (2.67%) Relational Database
7 4 (2.14%) NoSQL
8 3 (1.60%) RDBMS
9 2 (1.07%) Amazon RDS
10 1 (0.53%) Blockchain
10 1 (0.53%) BusinessObjects
10 1 (0.53%) Data Warehouse
10 1 (0.53%) HBase
10 1 (0.53%) InfluxDB
10 1 (0.53%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 32 (17.11%) Jenkins
2 31 (16.58%) Git (software)
3 17 (9.09%) GitLab
4 16 (8.56%) JIRA
5 9 (4.81%) Mockito
5 9 (4.81%) WebDriver
6 8 (4.28%) JUnit
6 8 (4.28%) Sonatype Nexus
7 5 (2.67%) Bitbucket
7 5 (2.67%) Toad
8 4 (2.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 3 (1.60%) CircleCI
9 3 (1.60%) Maven
9 3 (1.60%) RSpec
9 3 (1.60%) Travis CI
10 2 (1.07%) Artifactory
10 2 (1.07%) Bitbucket Server
10 2 (1.07%) Gerrit
10 2 (1.07%) Vagrant
11 1 (0.53%) Emacs
General
1 42 (22.46%) Telecoms
2 24 (12.83%) Finance
3 16 (8.56%) Analytical Skills
3 16 (8.56%) Games
4 15 (8.02%) Financial Institution
4 15 (8.02%) Legal
4 15 (8.02%) Social Skills
5 6 (3.21%) Public Sector
6 3 (1.60%) Banking
6 3 (1.60%) Influencing Skills
7 2 (1.07%) Billing
7 2 (1.07%) French Language
7 2 (1.07%) Presentation Skills
7 2 (1.07%) Retail
8 1 (0.53%) Electronics
8 1 (0.53%) Front Office
8 1 (0.53%) German Language
8 1 (0.53%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.53%) Organisational Skills
8 1 (0.53%) Welsh Language
Job Titles
1 62 (33.16%) Architect
2 30 (16.04%) Security Architect
3 20 (10.70%) DevOps Engineer
4 19 (10.16%) Security Engineer
5 18 (9.63%) Developer
6 16 (8.56%) Cloud Architect
7 15 (8.02%) Java Developer
8 14 (7.49%) Consultant
9 12 (6.42%) AWS Architect
9 12 (6.42%) Cloud Consultant
10 11 (5.88%) Cloud Engineer
10 11 (5.88%) Design Engineer
10 11 (5.88%) Lead Architect
10 11 (5.88%) Lead Security Architect
11 9 (4.81%) Cloud Developer
11 9 (4.81%) Designer
12 8 (4.28%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 8 (4.28%) Network Designer
13 7 (3.74%) Network Engineer
13 7 (3.74%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (11.23%) Spring
2 19 (10.16%) OAuth
3 16 (8.56%) Kafka
4 13 (6.95%) YAML
5 11 (5.88%) OAuth2
6 10 (5.35%) Node.js
6 10 (5.35%) REST
6 10 (5.35%) XML
7 9 (4.81%) Akka
7 9 (4.81%) Memcached
7 9 (4.81%) RESTEasy
7 9 (4.81%) Swagger
7 9 (4.81%) Web Services
7 9 (4.81%) WireMock
8 8 (4.28%) JSON
8 8 (4.28%) Spine.js
8 8 (4.28%) Spring MVC
9 7 (3.74%) RabbitMQ
10 6 (3.21%) AngularJS
10 6 (3.21%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 43 (22.99%) Data Centre
2 28 (14.97%) Private Cloud
3 19 (10.16%) Hybrid Cloud
4 16 (8.56%) PKI
5 15 (8.02%) Enterprise Cloud
5 15 (8.02%) Hedge funds
6 12 (6.42%) Public Cloud
7 10 (5.35%) Data Protection Act
8 8 (4.28%) Cloud Native
9 7 (3.74%) Derivative
9 7 (3.74%) Legacy Code
10 6 (3.21%) Data Structures
10 6 (3.21%) Linux Command Line
11 5 (2.67%) Algorithms
11 5 (2.67%) Life Science
12 3 (1.60%) Clustering
12 3 (1.60%) Legacy Applications
12 3 (1.60%) Legacy Systems
13 2 (1.07%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 2 (1.07%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 86 (45.99%) Linux
2 19 (10.16%) Windows
3 15 (8.02%) Debian
4 14 (7.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 13 (6.95%) VMS
6 12 (6.42%) Ubuntu
6 12 (6.42%) Unix
7 4 (2.14%) CentOS
8 2 (1.07%) Windows Server
8 2 (1.07%) Windows Server 2012
8 2 (1.07%) Windows Server 2016
9 1 (0.53%) Windows 2000 Server
9 1 (0.53%) Windows Server 2003
9 1 (0.53%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 60 (32.09%) DevOps
2 39 (20.86%) Cybersecurity
3 36 (19.25%) Agile Software Development
4 33 (17.65%) Microservices
5 32 (17.11%) Data Protection
5 32 (17.11%) Open Source
6 29 (15.51%) Security Architecture
7 26 (13.90%) Vulnerability Management
8 22 (11.76%) Migration
9 19 (10.16%) Infrastructure as Code
9 19 (10.16%) Service Delivery
10 18 (9.63%) Continuous Integration
10 18 (9.63%) Decision-Making
10 18 (9.63%) DevSecOps
10 18 (9.63%) Translating Business Requirements
11 17 (9.09%) Data Security
12 16 (8.56%) Collaborative Working
12 16 (8.56%) Identity Management
12 16 (8.56%) Test Automation
13 15 (8.02%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 58 (31.02%) Python
2 50 (26.74%) Java
3 27 (14.44%) JavaScript
4 19 (10.16%) C
5 17 (9.09%) Java 11
5 17 (9.09%) SQL
6 15 (8.02%) C++
7 14 (7.49%) Perl
8 10 (5.35%) Bash Shell
8 10 (5.35%) PowerShell
8 10 (5.35%) Scala
9 6 (3.21%) Go
9 6 (3.21%) Java 8
10 5 (2.67%) Ruby
11 4 (2.14%) Shell Script
12 1 (0.53%) PHP
12 1 (0.53%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 21 (11.23%) Degree
2 17 (9.09%) CISSP
3 11 (5.88%) Security Cleared
4 8 (4.28%) SC Cleared
5 5 (2.67%) Cisco Certification
5 5 (2.67%) DV Cleared
6 3 (1.60%) CCNP
7 2 (1.07%) AWS Certification
7 2 (1.07%) CCIE
8 1 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.53%) CCNA
8 1 (0.53%) CCSP
8 1 (0.53%) CISA
8 1 (0.53%) CRISC
8 1 (0.53%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.53%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.53%) RHCE
8 1 (0.53%) RHCSA
8 1 (0.53%) VCP6
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (9.09%) GDPR
2 7 (3.74%) OASIS TOSCA
3 4 (2.14%) QA
4 3 (1.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (1.07%) HIPAA
5 2 (1.07%) NIST
5 2 (1.07%) PCI DSS
5 2 (1.07%) SLA
6 1 (0.53%) COBIT
6 1 (0.53%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.53%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 82 (43.85%) Docker
2 30 (16.04%) VMware Infrastructure
3 21 (11.23%) vCloud
4 19 (10.16%) KVM
5 12 (6.42%) Virtual Machines
5 12 (6.42%) VMware ESXi
6 11 (5.88%) VMware Workstation
7 10 (5.35%) Active Directory
8 9 (4.81%) vSphere
9 8 (4.28%) LXC
10 6 (3.21%) Hyper-V
11 5 (2.67%) Ceph
12 4 (2.14%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 2 (1.07%) Postfix
13 2 (1.07%) VMware NSX
13 2 (1.07%) Xen
14 1 (0.53%) GeoWebCache
14 1 (0.53%) NFS
14 1 (0.53%) QEMU
14 1 (0.53%) Samba
Systems Management
1 103 (55.08%) Kubernetes
2 49 (26.20%) Terraform
3 45 (24.06%) Ansible
4 23 (12.30%) Grafana
5 17 (9.09%) Puppet
6 14 (7.49%) Prometheus
7 10 (5.35%) Opscode Chef
7 10 (5.35%) Packer
8 9 (4.81%) Consul
9 8 (4.28%) Cloudify
9 8 (4.28%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (3.74%) Juju
11 5 (2.67%) Cobbler
11 5 (2.67%) Fluentd
11 5 (2.67%) HAProxy
11 5 (2.67%) vRealize
11 5 (2.67%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 5 (2.67%) ZABBIX
12 4 (2.14%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 3 (1.60%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 64 (34.22%) VMware
2 43 (22.99%) Google
2 43 (22.99%) Red Hat
3 26 (13.90%) Juniper
4 23 (12.30%) Cisco
5 16 (8.56%) CA
6 14 (7.49%) Microsoft
7 9 (4.81%) Mirantis
8 8 (4.28%) ServiceNow
9 7 (3.74%) Ericsson
10 5 (2.67%) Citrix
10 5 (2.67%) CyberArk
10 5 (2.67%) Dell
10 5 (2.67%) Sonatype
11 4 (2.14%) CheckPoint
11 4 (2.14%) Fortinet
11 4 (2.14%) IBM
11 4 (2.14%) Nokia
11 4 (2.14%) Pega
11 4 (2.14%) WSO2