Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for TCP/IP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited TCP/IP over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 279 206 184
Rank change year-on-year -73 -22 +8
Contract jobs citing TCP/IP 659 350 1,134
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.98% 1.28% 1.47%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 8.60% 9.68% 11.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 451 251 688
10th Percentile £185 £160 £143
25th Percentile £282 £250 £238
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £400 £400
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% - -3.03%
75th Percentile £565 £524 £525
90th Percentile £713 £600 £596
UK median daily rate £450 £408 £400
% change year-on-year +10.43% +1.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 15 104
10th Percentile £15.95 £14.10 £15.43
25th Percentile £19.00 £15.94 £16.81
Median hourly rate £39.50 £25.00 £42.00
Median % change year-on-year +58.00% -40.48% +110.00%
75th Percentile £48.75 £40.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £51.00 " £82.50
UK median hourly rate £39.50 £22.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year +75.56% -37.50% +89.47%

TCP/IP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 7,666 3,617 10,229
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.40% 13.23% 13.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,991 2,318 6,413
10th Percentile £213 £213 £191
25th Percentile £357 £325 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
75th Percentile £586 £538 £525
90th Percentile £675 £628 £610
UK median daily rate £475 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +6.74% +4.71% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 351 157 497
10th Percentile £12.00 £14.00 £12.75
25th Percentile £13.88 £17.50 £15.50
Median hourly rate £20.51 £31.50 £25.68
Median % change year-on-year -34.89% +22.66% +36.89%
75th Percentile £48.75 £46.40 £47.25
90th Percentile £64.50 £54.40 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £31.50 £25.40
% change year-on-year -30.16% +24.02% +36.41%

TCP/IP
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing TCP/IP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for TCP/IP in England

TCP/IP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing TCP/IP in England.

Daily rate trend for TCP/IP in England

TCP/IP
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing TCP/IP in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for TCP/IP in England

TCP/IP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing TCP/IP in England.

Hourly rate trend for TCP/IP in England

TCP/IP
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing TCP/IP in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for TCP/IP in England

TCP/IP
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing TCP/IP within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -66 339 £500 - 122
South East -23 109 £350 -3.45% 124
North of England -65 58 £413 +10.29% 106
East of England -50 52 £288 -20.69% 44
Midlands -57 34 £375 +134.38% 54
South West -39 32 £400 +33.33% 34
North West -50 31 £438 +18.24% 59
West Midlands -56 25 £285 +78.13% 31
Yorkshire -55 22 £340 -30.30% 30
East Midlands -39 9 £425 +254.17% 22
North East -8 5 £413 +135.71% 17
TCP/IP
UK

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing TCP/IP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for TCP/IP.

1 309 (46.89%) Windows
2 230 (34.90%) DNS
3 218 (33.08%) Linux
4 193 (29.29%) Firewall
5 189 (28.68%) Active Directory
6 176 (26.71%) Microsoft
7 160 (24.28%) VMware
8 142 (21.55%) Python
9 141 (21.40%) DHCP
10 139 (21.09%) Social Skills
11 132 (20.03%) LAN
12 128 (19.42%) Cisco
13 126 (19.12%) SQL
14 120 (18.21%) Azure
15 119 (18.06%) AWS
16 118 (17.91%) Agile Software Development
16 118 (17.91%) Windows Server
17 117 (17.75%) Finance
17 117 (17.75%) Microsoft 365
18 112 (17.00%) WAN
19 110 (16.69%) VMware Infrastructure
20 99 (15.02%) ITIL
21 97 (14.72%) Java
21 97 (14.72%) Security Cleared
22 95 (14.42%) Oracle
22 95 (14.42%) HTTP
23 94 (14.26%) VPN
24 93 (14.11%) Git (software)
25 89 (13.51%) PowerShell
26 87 (13.20%) SC Cleared

TCP/IP
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (4.40%) MS Exchange
2 27 (4.10%) IIS
3 26 (3.95%) SharePoint
4 17 (2.58%) Apache
5 13 (1.97%) Confluence
5 13 (1.97%) WebSphere
6 12 (1.82%) nginx
6 12 (1.82%) Tomcat
7 8 (1.21%) Traefik
8 5 (0.76%) Skype for Business
8 5 (0.76%) WebLogic
9 3 (0.46%) Exchange Server 2013
10 2 (0.30%) Apache Spark
10 2 (0.30%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
10 2 (0.30%) Exchange Server 2010
10 2 (0.30%) IBM Transformation Extender
10 2 (0.30%) Jetty
10 2 (0.30%) Mongrel
10 2 (0.30%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.30%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 54 (8.19%) Microsoft Office
2 15 (2.28%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (1.67%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 29 (4.40%) SunGard Martini
2 7 (1.06%) BusinessWorks
3 5 (0.76%) assyst
3 5 (0.76%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.15%) ION MarketView
4 1 (0.15%) Maximo
4 1 (0.15%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.15%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 120 (18.21%) Azure
2 119 (18.06%) AWS
3 117 (17.75%) Microsoft 365
4 35 (5.31%) GCP
5 33 (5.01%) GitHub
5 33 (5.01%) IaaS
6 29 (4.40%) PaaS
7 27 (4.10%) SaaS
8 23 (3.49%) Amazon EC2
9 21 (3.19%) AWS CloudFormation
10 13 (1.97%) Azure Active Directory
10 13 (1.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 11 (1.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 11 (1.67%) Cloud Computing
12 6 (0.91%) IBM Cloud
12 6 (0.91%) SoftLayer
13 5 (0.76%) Google Workspace
13 5 (0.76%) Kong
13 5 (0.76%) OneDrive
14 4 (0.61%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 230 (34.90%) DNS
2 193 (29.29%) Firewall
3 141 (21.40%) DHCP
4 132 (20.03%) LAN
5 112 (17.00%) WAN
6 95 (14.42%) HTTP
7 94 (14.26%) VPN
8 79 (11.99%) SSL
9 65 (9.86%) Ethernet
10 64 (9.71%) Wireless
11 53 (8.04%) Network Security
12 48 (7.28%) VLAN
13 46 (6.98%) Wi-Fi
14 45 (6.83%) VoIP
15 41 (6.22%) OSPF
16 40 (6.07%) BGP
17 38 (5.77%) SAN
18 35 (5.31%) FTP
18 35 (5.31%) Internet
19 32 (4.86%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (7.74%) SQL Server
2 43 (6.53%) Relational Database
3 35 (5.31%) Oracle Database
4 27 (4.10%) Oracle Database 12c
5 25 (3.79%) MySQL
6 24 (3.64%) Hazelcast
6 24 (3.64%) Redis
7 12 (1.82%) MongoDB
8 9 (1.37%) RavenDB
8 9 (1.37%) RDBMS
9 6 (0.91%) Amazon RDS
9 6 (0.91%) Big Data
9 6 (0.91%) NoSQL
10 5 (0.76%) SQL Server 2008
11 4 (0.61%) PostgreSQL
12 3 (0.46%) Apache Cassandra
12 3 (0.46%) DB2
12 3 (0.46%) SQL Server 2012
13 2 (0.30%) Data Warehouse
13 2 (0.30%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 93 (14.11%) Git (software)
2 64 (9.71%) Jenkins
3 43 (6.53%) Visual Studio
4 42 (6.37%) Subversion
5 35 (5.31%) TeamCity
6 33 (5.01%) Bitbucket
7 30 (4.55%) Artifactory
8 27 (4.10%) CppUnit
8 27 (4.10%) Oracle APEX
8 27 (4.10%) Robot Framework
9 23 (3.49%) JIRA
10 16 (2.43%) Eclipse
10 16 (2.43%) NetBeans
11 13 (1.97%) GitLab
12 6 (0.91%) JUnit
13 4 (0.61%) Cucumber
13 4 (0.61%) Gatling
13 4 (0.61%) Pa11y
13 4 (0.61%) Selenium
13 4 (0.61%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 139 (21.09%) Social Skills
2 117 (17.75%) Finance
3 77 (11.68%) Banking
4 52 (7.89%) Investment Banking
5 43 (6.53%) Front Office
6 37 (5.61%) Analytical Skills
7 32 (4.86%) Presentation Skills
8 28 (4.25%) Public Sector
9 27 (4.10%) Telecoms
10 16 (2.43%) Aerospace
10 16 (2.43%) Military
11 13 (1.97%) Financial Institution
12 12 (1.82%) Back Office
13 9 (1.37%) Influencing Skills
13 9 (1.37%) Organisational Skills
14 8 (1.21%) Law
15 7 (1.06%) Retail
16 5 (0.76%) Documentation Skills
16 5 (0.76%) International Banking
16 5 (0.76%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 81 (12.29%) Support Engineer
2 80 (12.14%) Network Engineer
3 78 (11.84%) Developer
4 70 (10.62%) Analyst
5 43 (6.53%) IT Support
6 40 (6.07%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 40 (6.07%) IT Engineer
7 34 (5.16%) DevOps Engineer
8 33 (5.01%) C++ Developer
9 29 (4.40%) Security Engineer
10 27 (4.10%) Architect
10 27 (4.10%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
10 27 (4.10%) Senior Developer
11 26 (3.95%) 2nd Line Support
11 26 (3.95%) IT Support Engineer
11 26 (3.95%) Java Developer
12 25 (3.79%) Senior Java Developer
13 24 (3.64%) Support Analyst
14 22 (3.34%) Desktop Support
15 20 (3.03%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 65 (9.86%) .NET
2 54 (8.19%) REST
3 51 (7.74%) Web Services
4 49 (7.44%) XML
5 43 (6.53%) JSON
6 35 (5.31%) AngularJS
7 33 (5.01%) .NET Core
8 32 (4.86%) gRPC
8 32 (4.86%) STL
9 30 (4.55%) Boost C++ Libraries
10 28 (4.25%) .NET Framework
11 27 (4.10%) RESTful
12 26 (3.95%) Node.js
13 25 (3.79%) LDAP
13 25 (3.79%) Spring
13 25 (3.79%) Spring Boot
14 24 (3.64%) Memcached
15 20 (3.03%) Qt
16 17 (2.58%) 802.1X
16 17 (2.58%) MFC
Miscellaneous
1 43 (6.53%) Data Centre
2 35 (5.31%) Clustering
3 33 (5.01%) Derivative
4 31 (4.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 28 (4.25%) Algorithms
6 27 (4.10%) Data Structures
7 21 (3.19%) PKI
8 18 (2.73%) Replication
9 17 (2.58%) Management Information System
10 16 (2.43%) Fibre Optics
11 15 (2.28%) Cyberthreat
11 15 (2.28%) Fixed Income
11 15 (2.28%) Public Cloud
11 15 (2.28%) Self-Motivation
12 14 (2.12%) Client/Server
13 10 (1.52%) BYOD
13 10 (1.52%) CCTV
14 9 (1.37%) Security Operations Centre
15 8 (1.21%) SCADA
15 8 (1.21%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 309 (46.89%) Windows
2 218 (33.08%) Linux
3 118 (17.91%) Windows Server
4 78 (11.84%) Windows 10
5 58 (8.80%) Unix
6 37 (5.61%) Windows Server 2012
7 35 (5.31%) Windows Server 2016
8 32 (4.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 29 (4.40%) Windows 7
10 27 (4.10%) Windows Server 2008
11 24 (3.64%) Windows Server 2019
12 17 (2.58%) CentOS
12 17 (2.58%) Ubuntu
13 16 (2.43%) Mac OS
14 15 (2.28%) Solaris
15 11 (1.67%) Android
15 11 (1.67%) Apple iOS
16 10 (1.52%) Windows Server 2003
17 8 (1.21%) Windows XP
18 6 (0.91%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 118 (17.91%) Agile Software Development
2 99 (15.02%) ITIL
3 79 (11.99%) DevOps
4 73 (11.08%) Problem-Solving
5 65 (9.86%) Scrum
6 61 (9.26%) Configuration Management
6 61 (9.26%) Multithreading
7 56 (8.50%) Migration
8 55 (8.35%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 53 (8.04%) Cybersecurity
10 51 (7.74%) Continuous Integration
10 51 (7.74%) SIEM
11 45 (6.83%) Load Balancing
12 41 (6.22%) Performance Tuning
12 41 (6.22%) Test Automation
13 40 (6.07%) Unit Testing
14 39 (5.92%) High Availability
15 38 (5.77%) Change Management
16 32 (4.86%) Incident Management
17 31 (4.70%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 142 (21.55%) Python
2 126 (19.12%) SQL
3 97 (14.72%) Java
4 89 (13.51%) PowerShell
5 65 (9.86%) C#
6 62 (9.41%) C++
7 58 (8.80%) Bash Shell
8 36 (5.46%) JavaScript
9 33 (5.01%) Perl
10 29 (4.40%) Scala
11 26 (3.95%) PL/SQL
12 25 (3.79%) Java 8
13 24 (3.64%) Haskell
14 22 (3.34%) Shell Script
15 19 (2.88%) Ruby
16 16 (2.43%) GLSL
16 16 (2.43%) HLSL
16 16 (2.43%) VBScript
17 14 (2.12%) C
18 12 (1.82%) Go
Qualifications
1 97 (14.72%) Security Cleared
2 87 (13.20%) SC Cleared
3 69 (10.47%) Cisco Certification
4 57 (8.65%) Degree
5 41 (6.22%) CCNA
5 41 (6.22%) CCNP
6 30 (4.55%) Microsoft Certification
7 22 (3.34%) MCSE
8 19 (2.88%) DV Cleared
9 16 (2.43%) CCIE
10 15 (2.28%) CISSP
11 13 (1.97%) ITIL Certification
12 9 (1.37%) BPSS Clearance
12 9 (1.37%) MCSA
13 8 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
13 8 (1.21%) JNCIP
13 8 (1.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 7 (1.06%) CISM
15 6 (0.91%) GIAC
15 6 (0.91%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (5.92%) SLA
2 16 (2.43%) GDPR
3 13 (1.97%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 13 (1.97%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 12 (1.82%) NCSC
4 12 (1.82%) QA
5 7 (1.06%) NIST
6 5 (0.76%) Accessibility
7 4 (0.61%) WCAG
8 3 (0.46%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.30%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.30%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.15%) DICOM
10 1 (0.15%) FISMA
10 1 (0.15%) GAMP
10 1 (0.15%) GLP
10 1 (0.15%) GMP
10 1 (0.15%) HL7
System Software
1 189 (28.68%) Active Directory
2 110 (16.69%) VMware Infrastructure
3 43 (6.53%) VMware ESXi
4 37 (5.61%) Docker
5 26 (3.95%) vSphere
6 19 (2.88%) Hyper-V
7 16 (2.43%) Virtual Servers
8 15 (2.28%) NFS
9 12 (1.82%) VMware NSX
10 10 (1.52%) Virtual Machines
11 7 (1.06%) Xen
11 7 (1.06%) XenApp
12 6 (0.91%) Virtual Desktop
13 5 (0.76%) XenDesktop
14 4 (0.61%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 4 (0.61%) ProxySG
14 4 (0.61%) Veritas File System
14 4 (0.61%) Veritas Volume Manager
15 3 (0.46%) VMware Workstation
16 2 (0.30%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 68 (10.32%) SCCM
2 63 (9.56%) Ansible
3 53 (8.04%) Terraform
4 41 (6.22%) Kubernetes
5 36 (5.46%) Puppet
6 34 (5.16%) BladeLogic
7 21 (3.19%) Opscode Chef
8 17 (2.58%) WSUS
9 16 (2.43%) Microsoft Intune
9 16 (2.43%) QRadar
10 14 (2.12%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 14 (2.12%) Norton AntiVirus
11 13 (1.97%) Packer
12 12 (1.82%) Nagios
13 11 (1.67%) Microsoft Clustering
13 11 (1.67%) vCenter Server
14 10 (1.52%) HAProxy
15 9 (1.37%) FortiGate
16 8 (1.21%) Graphite
16 8 (1.21%) Kibana
Vendors
1 176 (26.71%) Microsoft
2 160 (24.28%) VMware
3 128 (19.42%) Cisco
4 95 (14.42%) Oracle
5 48 (7.28%) Citrix
5 48 (7.28%) Splunk
6 46 (6.98%) Juniper
7 41 (6.22%) CheckPoint
7 41 (6.22%) ServiceNow
8 40 (6.07%) Dell
9 38 (5.77%) F5
10 34 (5.16%) Palo Alto
11 33 (5.01%) IBM
12 31 (4.70%) HP
13 30 (4.55%) Red Hat
14 29 (4.40%) SunGard
15 27 (4.10%) FIS
15 27 (4.10%) McAfee
16 25 (3.79%) Google
16 25 (3.79%) Symantec