Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for TCP/IP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited TCP/IP over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
UK > England
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 267 209 209
Rank change year-on-year -58 0 -3
Contract jobs citing TCP/IP 584 417 1,158
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.02% 1.28% 1.39%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 8.94% 9.73% 10.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 370 293 731
10th Percentile £200 £160 £155
25th Percentile £313 £275 £288
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year - +5.88% -
75th Percentile £558 £556 £538
90th Percentile £675 £650 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £448 £425
% change year-on-year +0.45% +5.41% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 24 83
10th Percentile £17.83 £14.44 £15.00
25th Percentile £19.00 £17.00 £16.23
Median hourly rate £41.25 £19.75 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +108.86% -12.22% +18.42%
75th Percentile £53.19 £47.72 £47.25
90th Percentile £59.15 £49.63 £52.30
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £20.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year +112.50% -4.76% +20.00%

TCP/IP is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 6,530 4,286 10,708
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 11.42% 13.13% 12.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,201 2,700 6,758
10th Percentile £238 £200 £200
25th Percentile £350 £325 £320
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £450 £425
Median % change year-on-year - +5.88% -
75th Percentile £550 £540 £538
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 316 194 480
10th Percentile £12.00 £14.02 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.00 £16.25 £15.00
Median hourly rate £22.00 £25.17 £21.15
Median % change year-on-year -12.58% +18.98% +5.75%
75th Percentile £48.75 £45.00 £45.06
90th Percentile £63.75 £50.70 £51.28
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £30.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -25.00% +33.33% +18.14%

TCP/IP
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing TCP/IP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for TCP/IP in England

TCP/IP
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing TCP/IP in England.

Daily rate trend for TCP/IP in England

TCP/IP
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing TCP/IP in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for TCP/IP in England

TCP/IP
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing TCP/IP in England.

Hourly rate trend for TCP/IP in England

TCP/IP
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing TCP/IP in England over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for TCP/IP in England

TCP/IP
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing TCP/IP within the England region over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -37 278 £475 - 114
South East -2 127 £399 +2.32% 81
North of England -66 62 £400 -4.48% 83
South West 0 33 £400 -11.11% 42
Yorkshire -42 31 £350 -36.36% 17
Midlands -35 29 £375 +134.38% 53
East of England -21 28 £363 -19.44% 43
North West -50 25 £438 +17.61% 59
West Midlands -29 19 £375 +134.38% 24
East Midlands -15 9 £375 +102.70% 29
North East -4 6 £409 +155.47% 7
TCP/IP
UK

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing TCP/IP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for TCP/IP.

1 237 (40.58%) Windows
2 199 (34.08%) Firewall
3 196 (33.56%) Linux
4 176 (30.14%) DNS
5 159 (27.23%) Microsoft
6 139 (23.80%) VMware
7 132 (22.60%) Active Directory
8 128 (21.92%) Agile Software Development
9 127 (21.75%) Cisco
10 120 (20.55%) DHCP
11 117 (20.03%) LAN
12 116 (19.86%) Security Cleared
13 114 (19.52%) Social Skills
14 112 (19.18%) Azure
14 112 (19.18%) SQL
15 110 (18.84%) WAN
15 110 (18.84%) Finance
16 107 (18.32%) Python
17 99 (16.95%) Windows Server
18 97 (16.61%) VPN
19 95 (16.27%) AWS
20 93 (15.92%) VMware Infrastructure
21 92 (15.75%) SC Cleared
22 91 (15.58%) SSL
23 89 (15.24%) Microsoft 365
24 88 (15.07%) DevOps
25 87 (14.90%) HTTP
25 87 (14.90%) Java
26 80 (13.70%) Oracle
27 79 (13.53%) ITIL

TCP/IP
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (5.14%) MS Exchange
2 29 (4.97%) Apache
3 28 (4.79%) SharePoint
4 27 (4.62%) IIS
5 22 (3.77%) Confluence
6 20 (3.42%) Tomcat
7 13 (2.23%) WebSphere
8 10 (1.71%) nginx
9 7 (1.20%) Jetty
9 7 (1.20%) Mongrel
10 6 (1.03%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.86%) WebLogic
12 4 (0.68%) CICS
12 4 (0.68%) Exchange Server 2010
13 3 (0.51%) Elasticsearch
14 2 (0.34%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 2 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2013
14 2 (0.34%) Oracle HTTP Server
14 2 (0.34%) Skype for Business
14 2 (0.34%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 66 (11.30%) Microsoft Office
2 28 (4.79%) MS Visio
3 18 (3.08%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 16 (2.74%) SunGard Martini
2 5 (0.86%) Sentinel
3 2 (0.34%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.17%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 112 (19.18%) Azure
2 95 (16.27%) AWS
3 89 (15.24%) Microsoft 365
4 35 (5.99%) GCP
5 28 (4.79%) GitHub
6 27 (4.62%) IaaS
7 22 (3.77%) PaaS
8 15 (2.57%) SaaS
9 10 (1.71%) Amazon EC2
9 10 (1.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 8 (1.37%) Azure Active Directory
10 8 (1.37%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 7 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
11 7 (1.20%) Google App Engine
12 6 (1.03%) Google Analytics
12 6 (1.03%) Siteimprove
13 5 (0.86%) IBM Cloud
13 5 (0.86%) Kong
13 5 (0.86%) OneDrive
13 5 (0.86%) SoftLayer
Communications & Networking
1 199 (34.08%) Firewall
2 176 (30.14%) DNS
3 120 (20.55%) DHCP
4 117 (20.03%) LAN
5 110 (18.84%) WAN
6 97 (16.61%) VPN
7 91 (15.58%) SSL
8 87 (14.90%) HTTP
9 51 (8.73%) SAN
10 43 (7.36%) Wireless
11 42 (7.19%) OSPF
11 42 (7.19%) VLAN
12 41 (7.02%) Ethernet
12 41 (7.02%) Internet
13 39 (6.68%) BGP
14 37 (6.34%) Network Security
14 37 (6.34%) Wi-Fi
15 36 (6.16%) FTP
15 36 (6.16%) MPLS
15 36 (6.16%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (8.73%) SQL Server
2 33 (5.65%) Relational Database
3 31 (5.31%) MySQL
4 28 (4.79%) Hazelcast
4 28 (4.79%) Redis
5 19 (3.25%) Oracle Database
6 16 (2.74%) Oracle Database 12c
7 12 (2.05%) MongoDB
8 10 (1.71%) NoSQL
8 10 (1.71%) SQL Server 2008
9 9 (1.54%) RavenDB
10 8 (1.37%) RDBMS
11 6 (1.03%) Big Data
12 5 (0.86%) PostgreSQL
13 4 (0.68%) Apache Cassandra
13 4 (0.68%) DB2
14 3 (0.51%) Azure SQL Database
14 3 (0.51%) SQL Server 2012
15 2 (0.34%) Amazon RDS
15 2 (0.34%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 68 (11.64%) Git (software)
2 53 (9.08%) Jenkins
3 36 (6.16%) JIRA
4 29 (4.97%) Subversion
5 27 (4.62%) Visual Studio
6 24 (4.11%) TeamCity
7 21 (3.60%) Bitbucket
8 17 (2.91%) Artifactory
8 17 (2.91%) Robot Framework
9 16 (2.74%) CppUnit
9 16 (2.74%) Oracle APEX
10 11 (1.88%) Eclipse
10 11 (1.88%) NetBeans
11 8 (1.37%) JUnit
12 7 (1.20%) Cucumber
12 7 (1.20%) Selenium
12 7 (1.20%) Travis CI
13 6 (1.03%) Gatling
13 6 (1.03%) Pa11y
14 5 (0.86%) Vagrant
General
1 114 (19.52%) Social Skills
2 110 (18.84%) Finance
3 79 (13.53%) Banking
4 44 (7.53%) Investment Banking
5 37 (6.34%) Telecoms
6 33 (5.65%) Front Office
7 32 (5.48%) Analytical Skills
8 21 (3.60%) Public Sector
9 17 (2.91%) Presentation Skills
10 12 (2.05%) Aerospace
10 12 (2.05%) Retail
11 11 (1.88%) Military
12 10 (1.71%) Law
13 9 (1.54%) Back Office
13 9 (1.54%) Influencing Skills
14 8 (1.37%) Organisational Skills
15 7 (1.20%) Documentation Skills
16 6 (1.03%) Financial Institution
17 3 (0.51%) Legal
18 2 (0.34%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 75 (12.84%) Network Engineer
2 69 (11.82%) Developer
3 55 (9.42%) Support Engineer
4 48 (8.22%) Analyst
5 39 (6.68%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 33 (5.65%) Architect
6 33 (5.65%) IT Support
7 32 (5.48%) Java Developer
8 31 (5.31%) Senior Developer
9 29 (4.97%) Senior Java Developer
10 28 (4.79%) IT Engineer
11 27 (4.62%) Security Engineer
12 25 (4.28%) Consultant
13 23 (3.94%) DevOps Engineer
14 22 (3.77%) IT Support Engineer
15 19 (3.25%) C++ Developer
16 17 (2.91%) Administrator
16 17 (2.91%) Linux Engineer
17 16 (2.74%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
18 15 (2.57%) 2nd Line Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 54 (9.25%) Web Services
2 48 (8.22%) .NET
3 44 (7.53%) REST
4 40 (6.85%) XML
5 34 (5.82%) JSON
6 32 (5.48%) RESTful
7 28 (4.79%) Memcached
7 28 (4.79%) Spring
7 28 (4.79%) Spring Boot
8 23 (3.94%) .NET Core
8 23 (3.94%) Node.js
9 22 (3.77%) AngularJS
10 21 (3.60%) 802.1X
10 21 (3.60%) gRPC
10 21 (3.60%) STL
11 19 (3.25%) .NET Framework
11 19 (3.25%) Boost C++ Libraries
12 18 (3.08%) LDAP
13 17 (2.91%) HTML
14 13 (2.23%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 42 (7.19%) Data Centre
2 32 (5.48%) Algorithms
3 30 (5.14%) Data Structures
4 29 (4.97%) Clustering
5 28 (4.79%) Derivative
5 28 (4.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 20 (3.42%) Self-Motivation
7 19 (3.25%) Management Information System
8 18 (3.08%) Replication
9 17 (2.91%) Public Cloud
10 15 (2.57%) Fixed Income
11 13 (2.23%) PKI
12 12 (2.05%) Client/Server
12 12 (2.05%) Mainframe
13 11 (1.88%) Fibre Optics
14 10 (1.71%) Cyberthreat
15 9 (1.54%) iPad
16 7 (1.20%) CCTV
16 7 (1.20%) NHS
16 7 (1.20%) SCADA
Operating Systems
1 237 (40.58%) Windows
2 196 (33.56%) Linux
3 99 (16.95%) Windows Server
4 62 (10.62%) Windows 10
5 46 (7.88%) Unix
6 37 (6.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 31 (5.31%) Windows Server 2012
8 26 (4.45%) Windows 7
9 24 (4.11%) Windows Server 2016
10 18 (3.08%) Android
10 18 (3.08%) Windows Server 2019
11 15 (2.57%) Windows Server 2008
12 13 (2.23%) Solaris
13 11 (1.88%) Apple iOS
14 8 (1.37%) MVS
15 7 (1.20%) Ubuntu
15 7 (1.20%) Windows Server 2003
15 7 (1.20%) zOS
16 6 (1.03%) Windows 8
17 5 (0.86%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 128 (21.92%) Agile Software Development
2 88 (15.07%) DevOps
3 79 (13.53%) ITIL
4 75 (12.84%) Scrum
5 56 (9.59%) Configuration Management
6 54 (9.25%) Continuous Integration
6 54 (9.25%) Multithreading
7 48 (8.22%) Cybersecurity
8 46 (7.88%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 46 (7.88%) Problem-Solving
9 41 (7.02%) Performance Tuning
10 40 (6.85%) SIEM
11 39 (6.68%) Migration
11 39 (6.68%) Test Automation
12 34 (5.82%) High Availability
13 32 (5.48%) Change Management
14 31 (5.31%) Network Management
15 30 (5.14%) Software Engineering
16 29 (4.97%) API Development
16 29 (4.97%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 112 (19.18%) SQL
2 107 (18.32%) Python
3 87 (14.90%) Java
4 73 (12.50%) PowerShell
5 44 (7.53%) C++
6 41 (7.02%) C#
7 35 (5.99%) Bash Shell
8 34 (5.82%) Scala
9 33 (5.65%) JavaScript
10 32 (5.48%) PL/SQL
11 28 (4.79%) Haskell
11 28 (4.79%) Java 8
12 22 (3.77%) Perl
12 22 (3.77%) Shell Script
13 16 (2.74%) C
14 15 (2.57%) VBScript
15 10 (1.71%) GLSL
15 10 (1.71%) HLSL
16 9 (1.54%) PHP
17 7 (1.20%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 116 (19.86%) Security Cleared
2 92 (15.75%) SC Cleared
3 71 (12.16%) Cisco Certification
4 47 (8.05%) CCNP
5 42 (7.19%) Degree
6 38 (6.51%) CCNA
7 31 (5.31%) DV Cleared
8 27 (4.62%) Microsoft Certification
9 16 (2.74%) CCIE
10 14 (2.40%) ITIL Certification
10 14 (2.40%) MCSE
11 12 (2.05%) Computer Science Degree
12 10 (1.71%) CISSP
13 7 (1.20%) MCSA
13 7 (1.20%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 6 (1.03%) MCITP
15 5 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
15 5 (0.86%) CCDA
15 5 (0.86%) JNCIP
15 5 (0.86%) JNCIS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (5.48%) SLA
2 10 (1.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 10 (1.71%) QA
3 8 (1.37%) Accessibility
3 8 (1.37%) GDPR
4 7 (1.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 7 (1.20%) WCAG
5 4 (0.68%) NCSC
5 4 (0.68%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.51%) NIST
7 2 (0.34%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.17%) FISMA
8 1 (0.17%) GRC
8 1 (0.17%) HAZOP
8 1 (0.17%) HL7
8 1 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 132 (22.60%) Active Directory
2 93 (15.92%) VMware Infrastructure
3 34 (5.82%) VMware ESXi
4 23 (3.94%) Docker
5 22 (3.77%) vSphere
6 20 (3.42%) NFS
7 14 (2.40%) Hyper-V
8 13 (2.23%) Virtual Servers
9 12 (2.05%) VMware NSX
10 11 (1.88%) Virtual Machines
11 9 (1.54%) ProxySG
12 8 (1.37%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 8 (1.37%) XenApp
13 7 (1.20%) Xen
14 6 (1.03%) Veritas File System
14 6 (1.03%) Virtual Desktop
14 6 (1.03%) XenDesktop
15 4 (0.68%) Veritas Cluster Server
16 3 (0.51%) Firmware
16 3 (0.51%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 61 (10.45%) Ansible
2 43 (7.36%) SCCM
3 27 (4.62%) Kubernetes
4 24 (4.11%) Puppet
5 22 (3.77%) Terraform
6 19 (3.25%) BladeLogic
7 16 (2.74%) Opscode Chef
8 13 (2.23%) FortiGate
8 13 (2.23%) QRadar
8 13 (2.23%) Red Hat Satellite
8 13 (2.23%) WSUS
9 12 (2.05%) Nagios
10 11 (1.88%) Norton AntiVirus
11 10 (1.71%) AirWatch
12 8 (1.37%) EMC NetWorker
12 8 (1.37%) HP NNM
12 8 (1.37%) Microsoft Clustering
12 8 (1.37%) Tivoli
12 8 (1.37%) Tivoli NetView
12 8 (1.37%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 159 (27.23%) Microsoft
2 139 (23.80%) VMware
3 127 (21.75%) Cisco
4 80 (13.70%) Oracle
5 60 (10.27%) Juniper
6 44 (7.53%) F5
7 43 (7.36%) CheckPoint
8 42 (7.19%) Dell
9 41 (7.02%) Red Hat
10 40 (6.85%) IBM
11 35 (5.99%) Google
12 34 (5.82%) Citrix
12 34 (5.82%) HP
13 33 (5.65%) Palo Alto
14 29 (4.97%) Splunk
15 27 (4.62%) McAfee
15 27 (4.62%) ServiceNow
16 25 (4.28%) Symantec
17 24 (4.11%) EMC
18 23 (3.94%) Fortinet