Period
to 19 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £575 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 3 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 8,783 4,227 10,626
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 24.58% 30.38% 29.01%
As % of the Job Titles category 26.43% 33.09% 30.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,824 3,181 8,311
10th Percentile £400 £360 £370
25th Percentile £475 £431 £434
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - +1.45%
75th Percentile £675 £650 £600
90th Percentile £750 £740 £688
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 11 26
10th Percentile £32.25 £21.25 £16.25
25th Percentile £48.65 £22.50 £36.25
Median hourly rate £60.00 £25.00 £51.00
Median % change year-on-year +140.00% -50.98% +22.11%
75th Percentile £69.50 £39.38 £63.88
90th Percentile £80.00 £54.00 £122.50
England median hourly rate £58.71 £38.25 £45.50
% change year-on-year +53.49% -15.93% +7.06%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 33,228 12,776 34,429
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.01% 91.81% 93.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,086 9,222 25,140
10th Percentile £358 £313 £313
25th Percentile £450 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £613 £600
90th Percentile £738 £713 £688
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 312 96 438
10th Percentile £13.88 £15.13 £12.04
25th Percentile £18.65 £20.00 £15.53
Median hourly rate £30.50 £35.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -12.86% +66.67% +12.30%
75th Percentile £52.50 £45.38 £40.00
90th Percentile £64.00 £54.50 £52.50
England median hourly rate £19.52 £22.00 £18.84
% change year-on-year -11.27% +16.80% +7.63%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 1,147 £600 +9.09% 952
West London 0 108 £598 +19.50% 299
South London +1 67 £450 -13.46% 38
East London 0 35 £491 +26.71% 215
North London +1 4 £400 -3.03% 33
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 3,327 (37.88%) Agile Software Development
2 2,983 (33.96%) Java
3 2,574 (29.31%) JavaScript
4 2,430 (27.67%) Finance
5 1,993 (22.69%) SQL
6 1,974 (22.48%) React
7 1,603 (18.25%) Python
8 1,595 (18.16%) TDD
9 1,581 (18.00%) AWS
10 1,536 (17.49%) Azure
11 1,528 (17.40%) Banking
12 1,476 (16.81%) C#
13 1,431 (16.29%) Microservices
14 1,427 (16.25%) Full Stack Development
15 1,342 (15.28%) .NET
16 1,312 (14.94%) HTML
17 1,304 (14.85%) Social Skills
18 1,268 (14.44%) DevOps
19 1,252 (14.25%) TypeScript
20 1,186 (13.50%) Git (software)
21 1,181 (13.45%) AngularJS
22 1,164 (13.25%) Software Engineering
23 1,142 (13.00%) CSS
24 1,120 (12.75%) Docker
25 1,113 (12.67%) Front Office
26 1,110 (12.64%) Spring
27 1,108 (12.62%) Node.js
28 1,040 (11.84%) Kubernetes
29 890 (10.13%) SQL Server
30 860 (9.79%) Web Services

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 187 (2.13%) Confluence
2 177 (2.02%) Apache Spark
3 168 (1.91%) SharePoint
4 147 (1.67%) CMS
5 131 (1.49%) Apache
6 120 (1.37%) Elasticsearch
7 71 (0.81%) Mule
8 61 (0.69%) Tomcat
9 51 (0.58%) JBoss
10 48 (0.55%) BizTalk Server
11 42 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 37 (0.42%) nginx
13 36 (0.41%) Drupal
14 35 (0.40%) WordPress
15 34 (0.39%) Oracle Coherence
16 33 (0.38%) WebLogic
17 32 (0.36%) WebSphere
18 31 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 28 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
19 28 (0.32%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 165 (1.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
3 24 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 20 (0.23%) Photoshop
5 16 (0.18%) Chatbot
6 10 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
7 9 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
7 9 (0.10%) Adobe XD
7 9 (0.10%) Blender
7 9 (0.10%) Figma
8 7 (0.080%) MS Visio
8 7 (0.080%) Oracle Smart View
8 7 (0.080%) Sketch
9 6 (0.068%) InfoPath
10 5 (0.057%) Microsoft Project
11 4 (0.046%) Zeplin
12 3 (0.034%) Camtasia
12 3 (0.034%) GIMP
12 3 (0.034%) InDesign
12 3 (0.034%) InVision
Business Applications
1 47 (0.54%) ION MarketView
2 46 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
3 40 (0.46%) SunGard Martini
4 23 (0.26%) Magento
5 22 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
6 17 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
7 16 (0.18%) Shopify
8 12 (0.14%) Orchestrade
9 10 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
9 10 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 9 (0.10%) Hyperion Planning
11 8 (0.091%) NetSuite
11 8 (0.091%) Oracle EBS
11 8 (0.091%) Payment Gateway
11 8 (0.091%) Temenos T24
12 7 (0.080%) Markit EDM
13 6 (0.068%) Endur
13 6 (0.068%) FINCAD Analytics
13 6 (0.068%) Oracle BPM
14 5 (0.057%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 1,581 (18.00%) AWS
2 1,536 (17.49%) Azure
3 597 (6.80%) Serverless
4 501 (5.70%) GCP
5 421 (4.79%) AWS Lambda
6 355 (4.04%) Power Platform
7 252 (2.87%) Amazon S3
8 251 (2.86%) GitHub
9 211 (2.40%) Amazon SQS
10 149 (1.70%) AWS Step Functions
11 130 (1.48%) npm
12 126 (1.43%) SaaS
13 116 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
14 113 (1.29%) OpenShift
14 113 (1.29%) PaaS
15 102 (1.16%) Azure Functions
16 100 (1.14%) PowerApps
17 87 (0.99%) Azure Data Factory
18 84 (0.96%) Power Automate
19 83 (0.95%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 133 (1.51%) HTTP
2 68 (0.77%) TCP/IP
3 47 (0.54%) Internet
4 35 (0.40%) SSL
5 33 (0.38%) RTMP
6 18 (0.20%) FIX Connectivity
7 16 (0.18%) HTTPS
7 16 (0.18%) Intranet
8 15 (0.17%) AMQP
9 12 (0.14%) DNS
10 11 (0.13%) MQTT
11 10 (0.11%) VPN
12 9 (0.10%) 2G
12 9 (0.10%) FTP
13 8 (0.091%) BGP
13 8 (0.091%) Broadband
14 7 (0.080%) Firewall
14 7 (0.080%) Skype
15 6 (0.068%) Network Security
15 6 (0.068%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 890 (10.13%) SQL Server
2 467 (5.32%) Relational Database
3 355 (4.04%) NoSQL
4 307 (3.50%) PostgreSQL
5 306 (3.48%) Power BI
6 290 (3.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 286 (3.26%) MongoDB
8 261 (2.97%) MySQL
9 250 (2.85%) Data Warehouse
10 215 (2.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 205 (2.33%) Oracle Database
12 203 (2.31%) Big Data
13 160 (1.82%) Amazon RDS
14 154 (1.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 152 (1.73%) Redis
16 134 (1.53%) Hadoop
17 114 (1.30%) Tableau
18 113 (1.29%) RDBMS
19 108 (1.23%) Azure SQL Database
20 98 (1.12%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 1,186 (13.50%) Git (software)
2 731 (8.32%) Jenkins
3 482 (5.49%) JIRA
4 347 (3.95%) Maven
5 241 (2.74%) JUnit
6 222 (2.53%) TeamCity
7 202 (2.30%) Visual Studio
8 187 (2.13%) Subversion
9 178 (2.03%) Bitbucket
10 167 (1.90%) Mockito
11 162 (1.84%) Cucumber
12 141 (1.61%) webpack
13 137 (1.56%) GitLab
14 127 (1.45%) Gradle
15 125 (1.42%) Jasmine
16 123 (1.40%) Selenium
17 93 (1.06%) Cypress.io
18 86 (0.98%) CircleCI
19 84 (0.96%) Mocha
20 81 (0.92%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 2,430 (27.67%) Finance
2 1,528 (17.40%) Banking
3 1,304 (14.85%) Social Skills
4 1,113 (12.67%) Front Office
5 788 (8.97%) Investment Banking
6 407 (4.63%) Analytical Skills
7 171 (1.95%) Retail
8 157 (1.79%) Public Sector
9 146 (1.66%) Marketing
10 105 (1.20%) Presentation Skills
11 100 (1.14%) Telecoms
12 86 (0.98%) Manufacturing
13 82 (0.93%) Games
14 76 (0.87%) Financial Institution
15 66 (0.75%) Back Office
16 54 (0.61%) Documentation Skills
17 49 (0.56%) Law
18 45 (0.51%) Publishing
19 41 (0.47%) Electronics
19 41 (0.47%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,974 (22.48%) React
2 1,342 (15.28%) .NET
3 1,312 (14.94%) HTML
4 1,181 (13.45%) AngularJS
5 1,142 (13.00%) CSS
6 1,110 (12.64%) Spring
7 1,108 (12.62%) Node.js
8 860 (9.79%) Web Services
9 851 (9.69%) REST
10 682 (7.77%) RESTful
11 650 (7.40%) Spring Boot
12 537 (6.11%) HTML5
13 470 (5.35%) Kafka
14 391 (4.45%) Redux
15 367 (4.18%) XML
16 360 (4.10%) .NET Core
17 354 (4.03%) JSON
18 334 (3.80%) .NET Framework
19 323 (3.68%) GraphQL
20 281 (3.20%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 547 (6.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 492 (5.60%) Fixed Income
3 480 (5.47%) User Experience
4 422 (4.80%) Derivative
5 389 (4.43%) Greenfield Project
6 296 (3.37%) Equities
7 275 (3.13%) Data Structures
8 258 (2.94%) Mobile App
9 236 (2.69%) Algorithms
10 182 (2.07%) Data Protection Act
11 160 (1.82%) Hedge funds
12 146 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
13 108 (1.23%) Credit Risk
14 106 (1.21%) Cloud Native
15 96 (1.09%) Market Risk
15 96 (1.09%) Virtual Team
16 94 (1.07%) Legacy Systems
17 91 (1.04%) Management Information System
18 75 (0.85%) Self-Motivation
19 53 (0.60%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 616 (7.01%) Linux
2 364 (4.14%) Unix
3 299 (3.40%) Windows
4 285 (3.24%) Android
5 256 (2.91%) Apple iOS
6 27 (0.31%) Mac OS X
7 26 (0.30%) Mac OS
8 20 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 17 (0.19%) Windows Server
10 12 (0.14%) VMS
11 11 (0.13%) Debian
12 9 (0.10%) tvOS
13 8 (0.091%) Windows 10
14 6 (0.068%) Windows Server 2016
15 5 (0.057%) Solaris
16 4 (0.046%) Windows Server 2019
17 3 (0.034%) Android TV
17 3 (0.034%) Ubuntu
18 2 (0.023%) CentOS
18 2 (0.023%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,327 (37.88%) Agile Software Development
2 1,595 (18.16%) TDD
3 1,431 (16.29%) Microservices
4 1,427 (16.25%) Full Stack Development
5 1,268 (14.44%) DevOps
6 1,164 (13.25%) Software Engineering
7 855 (9.73%) Scrum
8 832 (9.47%) Test Automation
9 714 (8.13%) Front End Development
10 630 (7.17%) Continuous Integration
11 615 (7.00%) Multithreading
12 606 (6.90%) Problem-Solving
13 571 (6.50%) BDD
14 561 (6.39%) SDLC
15 556 (6.33%) Analytics
16 538 (6.13%) Unit Testing
17 495 (5.64%) Business Intelligence
18 475 (5.41%) OO
19 461 (5.25%) Asset Management
20 379 (4.32%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 2,983 (33.96%) Java
2 2,574 (29.31%) JavaScript
3 1,993 (22.69%) SQL
4 1,603 (18.25%) Python
5 1,476 (16.81%) C#
6 1,252 (14.25%) TypeScript
7 576 (6.56%) C++
8 496 (5.65%) Java 8
9 412 (4.69%) Kotlin
10 393 (4.47%) Scala
11 235 (2.68%) PHP
12 229 (2.61%) PL/SQL
13 218 (2.48%) T-SQL
14 213 (2.43%) Java 11
15 193 (2.20%) Go
16 170 (1.94%) ES6
17 157 (1.79%) Apple Swift
18 145 (1.65%) Ruby
19 141 (1.61%) C
20 129 (1.47%) VBA
Qualifications
1 375 (4.27%) Degree
2 266 (3.03%) Security Cleared
3 232 (2.64%) SC Cleared
4 118 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
5 35 (0.40%) PhD
6 28 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
7 26 (0.30%) DV Cleared
8 19 (0.22%) AWS Certification
8 19 (0.22%) Master's Degree
9 15 (0.17%) ISTQB
10 14 (0.16%) Sun Certification
11 13 (0.15%) BPSS Clearance
12 7 (0.080%) DBS Check
12 7 (0.080%) Microsoft Certification
13 6 (0.068%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 5 (0.057%) OCPJP
15 4 (0.046%) CTC Cleared
16 2 (0.023%) CCNA
16 2 (0.023%) Cisco Certification
16 2 (0.023%) Tableau Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 209 (2.38%) QA
2 153 (1.74%) Accessibility
3 51 (0.58%) Data Quality
4 44 (0.50%) PMO
5 24 (0.27%) MiFID
6 20 (0.23%) WCAG
7 17 (0.19%) GDPR
8 13 (0.15%) SLA
9 11 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 10 (0.11%) GRC
11 7 (0.080%) EMIR
12 6 (0.068%) COREP
12 6 (0.068%) FINREP
13 2 (0.023%) Basel III
13 2 (0.023%) CRD IV
13 2 (0.023%) ISO 20022
13 2 (0.023%) WAI
14 1 (0.011%) Dublin Core
14 1 (0.011%) PCI DSS
14 1 (0.011%) Solvency II
System Software
1 1,120 (12.75%) Docker
2 76 (0.87%) Active Directory
3 20 (0.23%) HDFS
4 11 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 11 (0.13%) Platform Symphony
5 10 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.080%) VMware Infrastructure
7 6 (0.068%) NFS
8 5 (0.057%) Varnish
9 4 (0.046%) vSphere
10 3 (0.034%) OpenAM
10 3 (0.034%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.023%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.023%) iptables
11 2 (0.023%) KVM
11 2 (0.023%) OpenDJ
11 2 (0.023%) OpenIDM
11 2 (0.023%) Terminal Server
11 2 (0.023%) Xen
12 1 (0.011%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 1,040 (11.84%) Kubernetes
2 430 (4.90%) Terraform
3 187 (2.13%) Ansible
4 111 (1.26%) Grafana
5 97 (1.10%) Prometheus
6 41 (0.47%) Puppet
7 38 (0.43%) Kibana
8 35 (0.40%) Control-M
9 26 (0.30%) BladeLogic
10 24 (0.27%) Opscode Chef
11 14 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
12 13 (0.15%) logstash
13 12 (0.14%) Graphite
14 11 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
14 11 (0.13%) ZABBIX
15 7 (0.080%) Oozie
15 7 (0.080%) Packer
16 6 (0.068%) ITRS Geneos
16 6 (0.068%) Microsoft Intune
17 5 (0.057%) MIIS
Vendors
1 791 (9.01%) Oracle
2 457 (5.20%) Microsoft
3 220 (2.50%) Salesforce.com
4 188 (2.14%) Google
5 132 (1.50%) SAP
6 125 (1.42%) ION Trading
7 79 (0.90%) MuleSoft
8 73 (0.83%) TIBCO
9 72 (0.82%) Sybase
10 67 (0.76%) Adobe
11 64 (0.73%) ServiceNow
12 60 (0.68%) Splunk
13 56 (0.64%) IBM
14 48 (0.55%) Murex
15 47 (0.54%) Databricks
16 42 (0.48%) hybris
17 41 (0.47%) FIS
17 41 (0.47%) Informatica
17 41 (0.47%) SunGard
18 40 (0.46%) Atlassian