Period
to 29 February 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 29 February 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
29 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 1 1 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 8,135 13,108 14,059
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 29.23% 29.94% 29.90%
As % of the Job Titles category 31.23% 31.61% 31.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,100 10,323 11,233
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +6.38%
10th Percentile £375 £370 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 30 32
London median hourly rate £50.50 £35.00 £34.39
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +44.29% +1.79% -25.25%
10th Percentile £30.69 £21.93 £18.55
90th Percentile £78.75 £58.75 £70.31
England median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.46
% change year-on-year -18.60% +3.73% +3.64%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 26,046 41,469 44,604
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.57% 94.71% 94.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,468 29,761 32,472
London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £300 £313 £300
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
England median daily rate £463 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 409 573 640
London median hourly rate £25.68 £21.50 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.44% +2.38% -2.33%
10th Percentile £13.20 £12.50 £12.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £49.96 £48.75
England median hourly rate £19.32 £18.70 £18.70
% change year-on-year +3.30% - +1.74%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 29 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 29 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 29 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 1,753 £525 - 1,089
West London 0 281 £490 +3.16% 418
South London 0 259 £500 +2.56% 83
East London +4 114 £525 -0.28% 217
North London 0 32 £500 +11.11% 38
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 29 February 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 3,214 (39.51%) Agile Software Development
2 2,489 (30.60%) JavaScript
3 2,438 (29.97%) Java
4 1,802 (22.15%) SQL
5 1,795 (22.07%) Finance
6 1,672 (20.55%) TDD
7 1,546 (19.00%) C#
8 1,527 (18.77%) HTML
9 1,399 (17.20%) CSS
10 1,376 (16.91%) .NET
11 1,313 (16.14%) AngularJS
12 1,312 (16.13%) Microservices
13 1,283 (15.77%) Python
14 1,264 (15.54%) React
15 1,158 (14.23%) Azure
16 1,146 (14.09%) AWS
17 994 (12.22%) SQL Server
18 986 (12.12%) Banking
19 976 (12.00%) DevOps
20 933 (11.47%) Docker
21 914 (11.24%) Git (software)
22 905 (11.12%) Node.js
23 888 (10.92%) Scrum
24 862 (10.60%) Web Services
25 827 (10.17%) Spring
26 812 (9.98%) Front End Development
27 744 (9.15%) Front Office
28 737 (9.06%) REST
29 694 (8.53%) Microsoft
30 687 (8.44%) Continuous Integration

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 258 (3.17%) Elasticsearch
2 170 (2.09%) Confluence
3 165 (2.03%) CMS
4 133 (1.63%) Apache Spark
5 110 (1.35%) SharePoint
6 95 (1.17%) Apache
7 62 (0.76%) WebLogic
8 59 (0.73%) Drupal
9 54 (0.66%) Cloud Foundry
10 52 (0.64%) WordPress
11 51 (0.63%) SAS
11 51 (0.63%) Umbraco
12 45 (0.55%) IIS
13 39 (0.48%) Tomcat
14 35 (0.43%) WebSphere
15 30 (0.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 30 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
16 24 (0.30%) Camunda
17 23 (0.28%) nginx
18 21 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 147 (1.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 36 (0.44%) Photoshop
3 26 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
4 21 (0.26%) Sketch
5 16 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
6 12 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 10 (0.12%) Zeplin
8 9 (0.11%) Adobe XD
9 8 (0.098%) InVision
9 8 (0.098%) Spreadsheet
9 8 (0.098%) XMetaL
10 6 (0.074%) Chatbot
10 6 (0.074%) MS Visio
11 5 (0.061%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 5 (0.061%) Lectora
12 4 (0.049%) InfoPath
13 1 (0.012%) Fireworks
13 1 (0.012%) Marvel
13 1 (0.012%) Maya
13 1 (0.012%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 108 (1.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 43 (0.53%) Magento
3 29 (0.36%) FINCAD Analytics
4 20 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 19 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
5 19 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
6 14 (0.17%) Shopify
7 13 (0.16%) NetSuite
8 12 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
8 12 (0.15%) ION MarketView
9 10 (0.12%) Markit EDM
10 9 (0.11%) Elite 3E
10 9 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
10 9 (0.11%) Temenos T24
11 8 (0.098%) R3 Corda
11 8 (0.098%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 6 (0.074%) Dynamics NAV
12 6 (0.074%) Oracle AML
12 6 (0.074%) Oracle Payables
12 6 (0.074%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 1,158 (14.23%) Azure
2 1,146 (14.09%) AWS
3 344 (4.23%) GCP
4 325 (4.00%) Power Platform
5 323 (3.97%) Serverless
6 259 (3.18%) GitHub
7 187 (2.30%) AWS Lambda
8 124 (1.52%) Amazon S3
9 110 (1.35%) OpenShift
10 106 (1.30%) Amazon EC2
11 102 (1.25%) SaaS
12 91 (1.12%) Dynamics 365
13 87 (1.07%) Azure Functions
14 86 (1.06%) Amazon SQS
14 86 (1.06%) PaaS
15 77 (0.95%) Azure Data Factory
16 76 (0.93%) Amazon ECS
16 76 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
17 69 (0.85%) npm
18 47 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 130 (1.60%) HTTP
2 48 (0.59%) Internet
3 41 (0.50%) TCP/IP
4 28 (0.34%) HTTPS
5 26 (0.32%) SSL
6 22 (0.27%) Multicast
7 18 (0.22%) DNS
8 17 (0.21%) FTP
9 14 (0.17%) Firewall
9 14 (0.17%) IPv4
9 14 (0.17%) IPv6
10 12 (0.15%) Kerberos
10 12 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
11 11 (0.14%) Skype
12 10 (0.12%) AMQP
12 10 (0.12%) Intranet
13 9 (0.11%) Ethernet
14 8 (0.098%) VoIP
15 7 (0.086%) MQTT
15 7 (0.086%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 994 (12.22%) SQL Server
2 433 (5.32%) MySQL
3 379 (4.66%) PostgreSQL
4 350 (4.30%) NoSQL
4 350 (4.30%) Relational Database
5 342 (4.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 315 (3.87%) Power BI
7 299 (3.68%) Data Warehouse
8 293 (3.60%) MongoDB
9 239 (2.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 199 (2.45%) Big Data
11 184 (2.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 154 (1.89%) Redis
13 128 (1.57%) Azure SQL Database
14 125 (1.54%) Oracle Database
15 121 (1.49%) RDBMS
16 104 (1.28%) Hadoop
17 97 (1.19%) Amazon RDS
18 96 (1.18%) Amazon Redshift
19 93 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 914 (11.24%) Git (software)
2 590 (7.25%) Jenkins
3 404 (4.97%) JIRA
4 286 (3.52%) Maven
5 261 (3.21%) JUnit
6 213 (2.62%) TeamCity
7 193 (2.37%) Selenium
7 193 (2.37%) Visual Studio
8 186 (2.29%) Team Foundation Server
9 151 (1.86%) Mockito
10 150 (1.84%) Gradle
11 138 (1.70%) webpack
12 137 (1.68%) Cucumber
13 111 (1.36%) Octopus Deploy
14 109 (1.34%) Subversion
15 106 (1.30%) Jasmine
16 103 (1.27%) gulp
17 100 (1.23%) Bitbucket
18 84 (1.03%) GitLab
19 80 (0.98%) Artifactory
General
1 1,795 (22.07%) Finance
2 986 (12.12%) Banking
3 744 (9.15%) Front Office
4 333 (4.09%) Investment Banking
5 268 (3.29%) Public Sector
6 187 (2.30%) Retail
7 164 (2.02%) Marketing
8 111 (1.36%) Games
9 106 (1.30%) Law
10 89 (1.09%) Back Office
11 61 (0.75%) Financial Institution
12 53 (0.65%) Advertising
13 51 (0.63%) Legal
14 44 (0.54%) Telecoms
15 43 (0.53%) Publishing
16 29 (0.36%) Retail Banking
17 23 (0.28%) Manufacturing
18 18 (0.22%) Police
19 17 (0.21%) Electronics
20 16 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,527 (18.77%) HTML
2 1,399 (17.20%) CSS
3 1,376 (16.91%) .NET
4 1,313 (16.14%) AngularJS
5 1,264 (15.54%) React
6 905 (11.12%) Node.js
7 862 (10.60%) Web Services
8 827 (10.17%) Spring
9 737 (9.06%) REST
10 667 (8.20%) RESTful
11 610 (7.50%) HTML5
12 497 (6.11%) Redux
13 450 (5.53%) Spring Boot
14 440 (5.41%) Kafka
15 400 (4.92%) ASP.NET
16 337 (4.14%) CSS3
17 333 (4.09%) JSON
18 317 (3.90%) .NET Core
19 308 (3.79%) jQuery
20 305 (3.75%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 619 (7.61%) Greenfield Project
2 502 (6.17%) User Experience
3 427 (5.25%) Analytical Skills
4 384 (4.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 306 (3.76%) Fixed Income
6 277 (3.41%) Derivative
7 249 (3.06%) Mobile App
8 242 (2.97%) Equities
9 189 (2.32%) Hedge funds
10 159 (1.95%) Data Structures
11 147 (1.81%) Algorithms
12 121 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
13 103 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
14 82 (1.01%) Virtual Team
15 69 (0.85%) W3C
16 64 (0.79%) Equity Derivative
17 61 (0.75%) Blog
18 52 (0.64%) Cloud Native
19 45 (0.55%) Market Risk
20 42 (0.52%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 476 (5.85%) Linux
2 337 (4.14%) Android
3 289 (3.55%) Apple iOS
4 233 (2.86%) Unix
5 170 (2.09%) Windows
6 22 (0.27%) Mac OS X
6 22 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 19 (0.23%) Mac OS
8 18 (0.22%) AIX
9 17 (0.21%) Solaris
9 17 (0.21%) Windows Server
10 16 (0.20%) VMS
11 14 (0.17%) Embedded Linux
11 14 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (0.074%) tvOS
12 6 (0.074%) Ubuntu
12 6 (0.074%) Windows 10
13 4 (0.049%) CentOS
14 3 (0.037%) Windows 7
14 3 (0.037%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,214 (39.51%) Agile Software Development
2 1,672 (20.55%) TDD
3 1,312 (16.13%) Microservices
4 976 (12.00%) DevOps
5 888 (10.92%) Scrum
6 812 (9.98%) Front End Development
7 687 (8.44%) Continuous Integration
8 681 (8.37%) BDD
9 670 (8.24%) Test Automation
10 651 (8.00%) Software Engineering
11 561 (6.90%) OO
12 547 (6.72%) Business Intelligence
13 532 (6.54%) MVC
14 478 (5.88%) Analytics
15 424 (5.21%) Problem-Solving
16 398 (4.89%) Unit Testing
17 394 (4.84%) Fintech
18 376 (4.62%) Web Development
19 355 (4.36%) Multithreading
19 355 (4.36%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 2,489 (30.60%) JavaScript
2 2,438 (29.97%) Java
3 1,802 (22.15%) SQL
4 1,546 (19.00%) C#
5 1,283 (15.77%) Python
6 555 (6.82%) TypeScript
7 502 (6.17%) Java 8
8 373 (4.59%) PHP
9 345 (4.24%) Ruby
10 320 (3.93%) C++
11 291 (3.58%) Scala
12 256 (3.15%) T-SQL
13 247 (3.04%) Kotlin
14 245 (3.01%) ES6
15 183 (2.25%) PL/SQL
16 169 (2.08%) Apple Swift
17 161 (1.98%) R
18 139 (1.71%) PowerShell
19 136 (1.67%) Go
20 116 (1.43%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 480 (5.90%) Security Cleared
2 380 (4.67%) SC Cleared
3 317 (3.90%) Degree
4 123 (1.51%) Computer Science Degree
5 35 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
6 33 (0.41%) DV Cleared
7 30 (0.37%) Master's Degree
8 23 (0.28%) CTC Cleared
9 20 (0.25%) BC Cleared
10 17 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
11 13 (0.16%) DBS Check
11 13 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
12 6 (0.074%) PhD
13 5 (0.061%) ITIL Certification
14 4 (0.049%) ISTQB
14 4 (0.049%) MCITP
14 4 (0.049%) MCP
15 3 (0.037%) A+ Certification
15 3 (0.037%) MCPD
15 3 (0.037%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 213 (2.62%) QA
2 70 (0.86%) WCAG
3 53 (0.65%) Data Quality
4 29 (0.36%) MiFID
5 17 (0.21%) GDPR
6 10 (0.12%) PMO
7 9 (0.11%) SLA
8 7 (0.086%) PSD2
9 5 (0.061%) EMIR
9 5 (0.061%) HL7
9 5 (0.061%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.049%) Basel III
10 4 (0.049%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.049%) IFRS
11 3 (0.037%) Solvency II
12 2 (0.025%) COREP
12 2 (0.025%) FINREP
13 1 (0.012%) DICOM
13 1 (0.012%) GxP
13 1 (0.012%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 933 (11.47%) Docker
2 52 (0.64%) Active Directory
3 25 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
4 19 (0.23%) HDFS
5 14 (0.17%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
5 14 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
6 11 (0.14%) vSphere
7 10 (0.12%) OpenAM
7 10 (0.12%) OpenDJ
8 7 (0.086%) VirtualBox
9 6 (0.074%) Postfix
10 5 (0.061%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (0.061%) zsh
11 4 (0.049%) Apache Flume
12 3 (0.037%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (0.037%) BusyBox
12 3 (0.037%) Firmware
12 3 (0.037%) GridGain
12 3 (0.037%) Varnish
13 2 (0.025%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 622 (7.65%) Kubernetes
2 212 (2.61%) Terraform
3 91 (1.12%) Ansible
4 29 (0.36%) Kibana
4 29 (0.36%) Puppet
5 26 (0.32%) logstash
6 25 (0.31%) Grafana
7 23 (0.28%) Opscode Chef
8 22 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
8 22 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
9 15 (0.18%) Tivoli
10 14 (0.17%) Microsoft Intune
11 13 (0.16%) MIIS
12 11 (0.14%) Control-M
12 11 (0.14%) Prometheus
13 9 (0.11%) Hadoop YARN
14 7 (0.086%) Consul
15 5 (0.061%) Istio
16 4 (0.049%) Nagios
16 4 (0.049%) Oozie
Vendors
1 694 (8.53%) Microsoft
2 557 (6.85%) Oracle
3 291 (3.58%) Google
4 218 (2.68%) Salesforce.com
5 164 (2.02%) Tableau
6 113 (1.39%) SAP
7 78 (0.96%) IBM
8 76 (0.93%) ServiceNow
9 68 (0.84%) Informatica
10 67 (0.82%) Sitecore
11 65 (0.80%) Sybase
12 63 (0.77%) Adobe
13 54 (0.66%) Atlassian
14 49 (0.60%) Xamarin
15 47 (0.58%) TIBCO
16 42 (0.52%) Apple
17 39 (0.48%) Cognos
17 39 (0.48%) hybris
17 39 (0.48%) MuleSoft
18 37 (0.45%) Red Hat