Period
to 21 January 2022

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £600 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 3 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 8,904 4,988 8,752
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 23.80% 28.30% 28.84%
As % of the Job Titles category 25.54% 30.78% 30.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,029 3,793 6,708
10th Percentile £413 £350 £375
25th Percentile £500 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £700 £638 £600
90th Percentile £775 £713 £675
England median daily rate £540 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +12.50% +1.05% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 15 28
10th Percentile £32.30 £21.25 £12.46
25th Percentile £35.00 £27.84 £30.63
Median hourly rate £65.25 £42.00 £51.50
Median % change year-on-year +55.36% -18.45% +40.14%
75th Percentile £79.31 £56.88 £78.75
90th Percentile £80.50 £66.40 -
England median hourly rate £56.25 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +18.42% +5.56% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 34,865 16,203 28,375
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.18% 91.93% 93.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,429 11,788 20,713
10th Percentile £363 £313 £300
25th Percentile £463 £406 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £669 £600 £600
90th Percentile £750 £700 £688
England median daily rate £525 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +10.53% +2.70% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 398 134 380
10th Percentile £14.38 £18.15 £12.44
25th Percentile £20.00 £22.51 £16.06
Median hourly rate £32.75 £32.25 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +1.55% +53.57% +9.45%
75th Percentile £49.63 £51.22 £40.00
90th Percentile £64.00 £64.70 £52.50
England median hourly rate £20.51 £22.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year -8.84% +25.00% +2.86%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -2 1,094 £575 +4.55% 888
West London +1 136 £625 +22.55% 230
South London +2 60 £450 -2.70% 34
East London -5 35 £494 -4.73% 183
North London +2 3 £400 -17.95% 17
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 3,411 (38.31%) Agile Software Development
2 2,768 (31.09%) Java
3 2,644 (29.69%) JavaScript
4 2,419 (27.17%) Finance
5 2,122 (23.83%) React
6 1,989 (22.34%) SQL
7 1,793 (20.14%) Python
8 1,684 (18.91%) Azure
9 1,674 (18.80%) C#
10 1,575 (17.69%) AWS
11 1,542 (17.32%) TDD
12 1,500 (16.85%) CI/CD
13 1,496 (16.80%) .NET
14 1,474 (16.55%) Banking
15 1,410 (15.84%) Microservices
16 1,403 (15.76%) Social Skills
17 1,402 (15.75%) Full Stack Development
18 1,385 (15.55%) HTML
19 1,378 (15.48%) TypeScript
20 1,269 (14.25%) DevOps
21 1,264 (14.20%) CSS
22 1,240 (13.93%) Software Engineering
23 1,198 (13.45%) Git (software)
24 1,132 (12.71%) Node.js
25 1,123 (12.61%) Front Office
26 1,104 (12.40%) AngularJS
27 1,033 (11.60%) SQL Server
28 1,027 (11.53%) Docker
29 916 (10.29%) Front End Development
30 915 (10.28%) Kubernetes

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 198 (2.22%) Confluence
2 178 (2.00%) Apache Spark
3 159 (1.79%) SharePoint
4 154 (1.73%) CMS
5 120 (1.35%) Apache
5 120 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
6 52 (0.58%) Red Hat Fuse
7 49 (0.55%) Drupal
8 47 (0.53%) Mule
9 43 (0.48%) JBoss
9 43 (0.48%) Tomcat
10 40 (0.45%) BizTalk Server
11 36 (0.40%) IIS
11 36 (0.40%) nginx
11 36 (0.40%) WordPress
12 34 (0.38%) Oracle Coherence
12 34 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
13 28 (0.31%) WebLogic
13 28 (0.31%) WebSphere
14 27 (0.30%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 159 (1.79%) Microsoft Excel
2 36 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
3 23 (0.26%) Chatbot
4 17 (0.19%) Photoshop
4 17 (0.19%) Sketch
5 15 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 14 (0.16%) Adobe XD
7 12 (0.13%) Camtasia
8 8 (0.090%) Spreadsheet
9 6 (0.067%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 6 (0.067%) Blender
9 6 (0.067%) InDesign
10 5 (0.056%) MS Visio
11 4 (0.045%) Adobe After Effects
11 4 (0.045%) Adobe Captivate
11 4 (0.045%) Adobe Premiere
11 4 (0.045%) Microsoft Project
11 4 (0.045%) Oracle Smart View
11 4 (0.045%) Snagit
12 3 (0.034%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 47 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 34 (0.38%) ION MarketView
3 29 (0.33%) SunGard Martini
4 26 (0.29%) Shopify
5 18 (0.20%) Endur
6 17 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
7 14 (0.16%) Magento
7 14 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
8 13 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
9 12 (0.13%) TIBCO iProcess
10 8 (0.090%) Oracle ERP
10 8 (0.090%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 7 (0.079%) FINCAD Analytics
11 7 (0.079%) Northgate Housing
11 7 (0.079%) Oracle Applications
12 6 (0.067%) NetSuite
12 6 (0.067%) Oracle BPM
12 6 (0.067%) Temenos T24
13 5 (0.056%) Hyperion Planning
13 5 (0.056%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 1,684 (18.91%) Azure
2 1,575 (17.69%) AWS
3 507 (5.69%) GCP
4 448 (5.03%) Serverless
5 386 (4.34%) Power Platform
6 292 (3.28%) AWS Lambda
7 284 (3.19%) GitHub
8 182 (2.04%) Amazon S3
9 141 (1.58%) SaaS
10 133 (1.49%) Amazon SQS
11 130 (1.46%) npm
12 108 (1.21%) OpenShift
12 108 (1.21%) PaaS
13 99 (1.11%) PowerApps
14 97 (1.09%) Azure Data Factory
14 97 (1.09%) Azure Functions
15 94 (1.06%) Power Automate
16 91 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
17 88 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
18 82 (0.92%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 150 (1.68%) HTTP
2 50 (0.56%) Internet
3 47 (0.53%) TCP/IP
4 36 (0.40%) RTMP
5 31 (0.35%) Multicast
6 28 (0.31%) FIX Connectivity
6 28 (0.31%) MQTT
7 22 (0.25%) SSL
8 16 (0.18%) DNS
8 16 (0.18%) Intranet
9 14 (0.16%) HTTPS
10 12 (0.13%) FTP
11 9 (0.10%) Firewall
12 8 (0.090%) DSL
12 8 (0.090%) Network Security
12 8 (0.090%) WAN
13 6 (0.067%) IPsec
13 6 (0.067%) Skype
13 6 (0.067%) SSH
13 6 (0.067%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,033 (11.60%) SQL Server
2 501 (5.63%) Relational Database
3 381 (4.28%) NoSQL
4 368 (4.13%) PostgreSQL
5 329 (3.69%) Power BI
6 323 (3.63%) MongoDB
7 277 (3.11%) Data Warehouse
8 266 (2.99%) MySQL
9 225 (2.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 206 (2.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 200 (2.25%) Big Data
12 188 (2.11%) Oracle Database
13 162 (1.82%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 145 (1.63%) Tableau
15 118 (1.33%) Redis
16 108 (1.21%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 105 (1.18%) Hadoop
18 103 (1.16%) Azure SQL Database
19 102 (1.15%) Amazon RDS
19 102 (1.15%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,198 (13.45%) Git (software)
2 769 (8.64%) Jenkins
3 495 (5.56%) JIRA
4 329 (3.69%) Maven
5 211 (2.37%) GitLab
6 208 (2.34%) Visual Studio
7 191 (2.15%) TeamCity
8 183 (2.06%) webpack
9 176 (1.98%) JUnit
10 167 (1.88%) Bitbucket
11 150 (1.68%) Cucumber
12 134 (1.50%) Mockito
12 134 (1.50%) Subversion
13 122 (1.37%) Selenium
14 110 (1.24%) Gradle
15 99 (1.11%) Team Foundation Server
16 94 (1.06%) Jasmine
17 89 (1.00%) Artifactory
17 89 (1.00%) Cypress.io
18 82 (0.92%) Grunt
General
1 2,419 (27.17%) Finance
2 1,474 (16.55%) Banking
3 1,403 (15.76%) Social Skills
4 1,123 (12.61%) Front Office
5 807 (9.06%) Investment Banking
6 469 (5.27%) Analytical Skills
7 213 (2.39%) Public Sector
8 169 (1.90%) Retail
9 161 (1.81%) Marketing
10 112 (1.26%) Presentation Skills
11 106 (1.19%) Games
12 100 (1.12%) Telecoms
13 75 (0.84%) Financial Institution
14 74 (0.83%) Law
15 71 (0.80%) Back Office
16 69 (0.77%) Manufacturing
17 59 (0.66%) Electronics
17 59 (0.66%) Publishing
18 48 (0.54%) Legal
19 38 (0.43%) Documentation Skills
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,122 (23.83%) React
2 1,496 (16.80%) .NET
3 1,385 (15.55%) HTML
4 1,264 (14.20%) CSS
5 1,132 (12.71%) Node.js
6 1,104 (12.40%) AngularJS
7 912 (10.24%) Spring
8 898 (10.09%) REST
9 627 (7.04%) RESTful
10 579 (6.50%) Spring Boot
11 529 (5.94%) HTML5
12 489 (5.49%) Web Services
13 443 (4.98%) Kafka
14 442 (4.96%) .NET Framework
15 440 (4.94%) Redux
16 423 (4.75%) .NET Core
17 373 (4.19%) JSON
18 361 (4.05%) ASP.NET
19 333 (3.74%) XML
20 313 (3.52%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 569 (6.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 554 (6.22%) User Experience
3 446 (5.01%) Fixed Income
4 429 (4.82%) Derivative
5 419 (4.71%) Greenfield Project
6 375 (4.21%) Equities
7 284 (3.19%) Hedge funds
8 243 (2.73%) Data Structures
9 230 (2.58%) Algorithms
10 227 (2.55%) Mobile App
11 146 (1.64%) Data Protection Act
12 128 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
13 114 (1.28%) Cloud Native
14 112 (1.26%) Virtual Team
15 94 (1.06%) Self-Motivation
16 84 (0.94%) Credit Risk
17 83 (0.93%) Management Information System
18 75 (0.84%) Legacy Systems
19 74 (0.83%) Market Risk
20 59 (0.66%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 624 (7.01%) Linux
2 366 (4.11%) Unix
3 311 (3.49%) Windows
4 244 (2.74%) Apple iOS
5 238 (2.67%) Android
6 41 (0.46%) Mac OS
7 36 (0.40%) Mac OS X
8 33 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 17 (0.19%) Windows Server
10 12 (0.13%) Mesosphere
10 12 (0.13%) Solaris
11 7 (0.079%) VMS
12 6 (0.067%) tvOS
13 5 (0.056%) Debian
14 4 (0.045%) Ubuntu
15 3 (0.034%) AIX
15 3 (0.034%) Windows 10
16 2 (0.022%) Oracle Linux
16 2 (0.022%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.022%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,411 (38.31%) Agile Software Development
2 1,542 (17.32%) TDD
3 1,500 (16.85%) CI/CD
4 1,410 (15.84%) Microservices
5 1,402 (15.75%) Full Stack Development
6 1,269 (14.25%) DevOps
7 1,240 (13.93%) Software Engineering
8 916 (10.29%) Front End Development
9 879 (9.87%) Scrum
9 879 (9.87%) Test Automation
10 746 (8.38%) Analytics
11 699 (7.85%) Problem-Solving
12 620 (6.96%) Multithreading
13 606 (6.81%) Continuous Integration
14 596 (6.69%) BDD
15 558 (6.27%) Asset Management
16 553 (6.21%) Business Intelligence
17 546 (6.13%) SDLC
18 516 (5.80%) OO
19 505 (5.67%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,768 (31.09%) Java
2 2,644 (29.69%) JavaScript
3 1,989 (22.34%) SQL
4 1,793 (20.14%) Python
5 1,674 (18.80%) C#
6 1,378 (15.48%) TypeScript
7 515 (5.78%) C++
8 424 (4.76%) Java 8
9 309 (3.47%) Scala
10 298 (3.35%) Kotlin
11 264 (2.96%) T-SQL
12 223 (2.50%) PHP
13 219 (2.46%) Java 11
14 201 (2.26%) PL/SQL
15 196 (2.20%) Ruby
16 174 (1.95%) ES6
17 169 (1.90%) Go
18 157 (1.76%) VBA
19 134 (1.50%) Apple Swift
20 127 (1.43%) C
Qualifications
1 324 (3.64%) Degree
2 307 (3.45%) Security Cleared
3 272 (3.05%) SC Cleared
4 133 (1.49%) Computer Science Degree
5 37 (0.42%) PhD
6 30 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
6 30 (0.34%) DV Cleared
7 23 (0.26%) Master's Degree
8 20 (0.22%) Numerate Degree
9 17 (0.19%) AWS Certification
10 11 (0.12%) ISTQB
11 10 (0.11%) Sun Certification
12 9 (0.10%) DBS Check
13 6 (0.067%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 4 (0.045%) CTC Cleared
14 4 (0.045%) OCPJP
15 3 (0.034%) ITIL Certification
15 3 (0.034%) PMP
16 2 (0.022%) Microsoft Certification
16 2 (0.022%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 209 (2.35%) QA
2 172 (1.93%) Accessibility
3 64 (0.72%) Data Quality
4 45 (0.51%) PMO
5 24 (0.27%) GDPR
6 21 (0.24%) WCAG
7 13 (0.15%) SLA
8 11 (0.12%) MiFID
9 9 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.045%) EMIR
11 3 (0.034%) COREP
11 3 (0.034%) FINREP
11 3 (0.034%) NIST 800
12 2 (0.022%) Dublin Core
12 2 (0.022%) WAI
13 1 (0.011%) HL7
13 1 (0.011%) IFRS
13 1 (0.011%) IFRS 9
13 1 (0.011%) PCI DSS
13 1 (0.011%) Solvency II
System Software
1 1,027 (11.53%) Docker
2 62 (0.70%) Active Directory
3 18 (0.20%) HDFS
4 16 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
5 12 (0.13%) NFS
6 6 (0.067%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 5 (0.056%) Platform Symphony
7 5 (0.056%) Samba
8 4 (0.045%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.045%) Varnish
9 3 (0.034%) VMware Infrastructure
10 2 (0.022%) Postfix
10 2 (0.022%) Terminal Server
10 2 (0.022%) Time Sharing Option
10 2 (0.022%) vSphere
11 1 (0.011%) GridGain
11 1 (0.011%) KVM
11 1 (0.011%) OpenAM
11 1 (0.011%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (0.011%) Xen
Systems Management
1 915 (10.28%) Kubernetes
2 430 (4.83%) Terraform
3 198 (2.22%) Ansible
4 116 (1.30%) Grafana
5 115 (1.29%) Prometheus
6 51 (0.57%) Kibana
7 33 (0.37%) Puppet
8 31 (0.35%) ITRS Geneos
9 25 (0.28%) BladeLogic
10 21 (0.24%) Control-M
11 20 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
12 15 (0.17%) logstash
13 14 (0.16%) Consul
14 10 (0.11%) Single Sign-On
15 8 (0.090%) Istio
15 8 (0.090%) MIIS
15 8 (0.090%) Packer
16 7 (0.079%) Hadoop YARN
16 7 (0.079%) RSA Archer
17 6 (0.067%) Oozie
Vendors
1 752 (8.45%) Oracle
2 583 (6.55%) Microsoft
3 192 (2.16%) Salesforce.com
4 182 (2.04%) Google
5 146 (1.64%) SAP
6 104 (1.17%) ION Trading
7 97 (1.09%) TIBCO
8 80 (0.90%) ServiceNow
9 72 (0.81%) Sybase
10 64 (0.72%) Adobe
10 64 (0.72%) Databricks
11 57 (0.64%) IBM
12 53 (0.60%) Cloudera
13 52 (0.58%) Hortonworks
14 47 (0.53%) Informatica
14 47 (0.53%) MuleSoft
15 46 (0.52%) Splunk
16 34 (0.38%) Murex
17 33 (0.37%) Apple
18 31 (0.35%) Sitecore