Period
to 24 September 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 24 September 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
24 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 1 1 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 11,149 14,651 13,522
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 28.77% 32.18% 30.92%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.58% 34.02% 32.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,657 11,448 10,650
London median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £369 £363 £350
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 41 28
London median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -5.56%
10th Percentile £22.80 £19.00 £15.53
90th Percentile £122.50 £100.75 £55.31
England median hourly rate £44.00 £43.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.15% +2.35% +6.25%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 36,460 43,064 41,547
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.08% 94.60% 95.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,093 31,172 29,856
London median daily rate £500 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.56% +8.33%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £305
90th Percentile £678 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 488 597 508
London median hourly rate £21.20 £19.25 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.12% -8.33% +11.45%
10th Percentile £12.38 £13.00 £12.51
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.50 £48.75
England median hourly rate £20.00 £18.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year +11.11% -3.74% -1.58%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 24 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 24 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 24 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 2,341 £525 - 1,058
West London 0 430 £475 -1.04% 414
South London 0 364 £450 -10.00% 75
East London +1 184 £550 +10.00% 194
North London +2 53 £450 - 55
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 24 September 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 4,611 (41.36%) Agile Software Development
2 3,870 (34.71%) JavaScript
3 3,404 (30.53%) Java
4 2,627 (23.56%) Finance
5 2,618 (23.48%) TDD
6 2,505 (22.47%) SQL
7 2,346 (21.04%) HTML
8 2,142 (19.21%) CSS
9 2,101 (18.84%) C#
10 1,989 (17.84%) React
11 1,898 (17.02%) AngularJS
12 1,851 (16.60%) .NET
13 1,774 (15.91%) Microservices
14 1,688 (15.14%) Python
15 1,526 (13.69%) AWS
16 1,426 (12.79%) Node.js
17 1,410 (12.65%) Banking
18 1,386 (12.43%) Azure
19 1,353 (12.14%) Front End Development
20 1,298 (11.64%) DevOps
20 1,298 (11.64%) Git (software)
21 1,279 (11.47%) Docker
22 1,269 (11.38%) SQL Server
23 1,188 (10.66%) Scrum
24 1,073 (9.62%) BDD
25 1,052 (9.44%) Web Services
26 1,039 (9.32%) Greenfield Project
27 1,024 (9.18%) HTML5
28 1,009 (9.05%) Spring
29 987 (8.85%) REST

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 348 (3.12%) Elasticsearch
2 253 (2.27%) Confluence
3 239 (2.14%) Apache Spark
4 229 (2.05%) CMS
5 184 (1.65%) Apache
6 176 (1.58%) SharePoint
7 91 (0.82%) WordPress
8 88 (0.79%) Drupal
9 76 (0.68%) IIS
10 66 (0.59%) Tomcat
11 61 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 55 (0.49%) JBoss
12 55 (0.49%) Umbraco
13 45 (0.40%) Apache Solr
14 41 (0.37%) WebSphere
15 37 (0.33%) SAS
16 32 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 32 (0.29%) SharePoint 2013
17 29 (0.26%) Magnolia
18 28 (0.25%) Mule
Applications
1 217 (1.95%) Microsoft Excel
2 63 (0.57%) Photoshop
3 31 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
4 30 (0.27%) Adobe Illustrator
5 23 (0.21%) Sketch
6 19 (0.17%) Chatbot
7 17 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 16 (0.14%) Zeplin
9 13 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
10 12 (0.11%) MS Visio
11 7 (0.063%) InfoPath
11 7 (0.063%) InVision
12 5 (0.045%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 3 (0.027%) InDesign
13 3 (0.027%) XMetaL
14 2 (0.018%) UXPin
15 1 (0.009%) 3ds Max
15 1 (0.009%) Adobe Premiere
15 1 (0.009%) GIMP
15 1 (0.009%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 126 (1.13%) Dynamics CRM
2 54 (0.48%) Magento
3 43 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
4 27 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
4 27 (0.24%) Endur
4 27 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 25 (0.22%) BusinessWorks
6 20 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
6 20 (0.18%) ION MarketView
7 18 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
8 17 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
8 17 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
8 17 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
9 16 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
9 16 (0.14%) R3 Corda
10 15 (0.13%) Shopify
11 14 (0.13%) Oracle Internet Expenses
12 13 (0.12%) Oracle Assets
13 12 (0.11%) Oracle General Ledger
14 11 (0.099%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 1,526 (13.69%) AWS
2 1,386 (12.43%) Azure
3 433 (3.88%) Serverless
4 389 (3.49%) Power Platform
5 315 (2.83%) GCP
6 313 (2.81%) AWS Lambda
7 255 (2.29%) GitHub
8 252 (2.26%) Amazon S3
9 207 (1.86%) OpenShift
10 199 (1.78%) Amazon EC2
11 191 (1.71%) Amazon SQS
12 164 (1.47%) npm
13 141 (1.26%) Dynamics 365
14 125 (1.12%) PaaS
14 125 (1.12%) SaaS
15 122 (1.09%) AWS CloudFormation
16 118 (1.06%) Amazon ECS
17 99 (0.89%) Office 365
18 78 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
19 62 (0.56%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 161 (1.44%) HTTP
2 50 (0.45%) Internet
3 49 (0.44%) TCP/IP
4 47 (0.42%) FTP
5 32 (0.29%) SSL
6 25 (0.22%) AMQP
7 24 (0.22%) DNS
8 15 (0.13%) Intranet
9 14 (0.13%) Firewall
9 14 (0.13%) HTTPS
10 13 (0.12%) Kerberos
11 10 (0.090%) Multicast
12 9 (0.081%) Bluetooth
12 9 (0.081%) Skype
12 9 (0.081%) SMTP
13 8 (0.072%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
13 8 (0.072%) SSH
13 8 (0.072%) Wi-Fi
14 7 (0.063%) IPFS
14 7 (0.063%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,269 (11.38%) SQL Server
2 569 (5.10%) NoSQL
3 551 (4.94%) PostgreSQL
4 548 (4.92%) MySQL
5 533 (4.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 443 (3.97%) Data Warehouse
7 436 (3.91%) Relational Database
8 420 (3.77%) MongoDB
9 373 (3.35%) Power BI
10 341 (3.06%) Big Data
11 330 (2.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 235 (2.11%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 191 (1.71%) Hadoop
14 174 (1.56%) Amazon RDS
14 174 (1.56%) Oracle Database
15 163 (1.46%) Amazon Redshift
16 145 (1.30%) RDBMS
17 138 (1.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 137 (1.23%) Apache Cassandra
19 133 (1.19%) Redis
Development Applications
1 1,298 (11.64%) Git (software)
2 803 (7.20%) Jenkins
3 502 (4.50%) JIRA
4 305 (2.74%) Maven
5 292 (2.62%) webpack
6 285 (2.56%) TeamCity
7 263 (2.36%) JUnit
8 258 (2.31%) Selenium
9 197 (1.77%) Cucumber
10 193 (1.73%) Jasmine
11 185 (1.66%) Bitbucket
12 184 (1.65%) Visual Studio
13 176 (1.58%) gulp
14 173 (1.55%) Mockito
15 163 (1.46%) Subversion
16 136 (1.22%) Grunt
17 128 (1.15%) Karma Test Runner
18 126 (1.13%) Artifactory
19 124 (1.11%) Mocha
20 123 (1.10%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 2,627 (23.56%) Finance
2 1,410 (12.65%) Banking
3 873 (7.83%) Front Office
4 463 (4.15%) Investment Banking
5 358 (3.21%) Retail
6 268 (2.40%) Marketing
7 250 (2.24%) Public Sector
8 151 (1.35%) Financial Institution
9 142 (1.27%) Games
10 104 (0.93%) Back Office
11 85 (0.76%) Publishing
12 84 (0.75%) Law
13 83 (0.74%) Advertising
14 65 (0.58%) Telecoms
15 60 (0.54%) Legal
16 55 (0.49%) Retail Banking
17 29 (0.26%) Manufacturing
17 29 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
18 27 (0.24%) Automotive
19 20 (0.18%) Electronics
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,346 (21.04%) HTML
2 2,142 (19.21%) CSS
3 1,989 (17.84%) React
4 1,898 (17.02%) AngularJS
5 1,851 (16.60%) .NET
6 1,426 (12.79%) Node.js
7 1,052 (9.44%) Web Services
8 1,024 (9.18%) HTML5
9 1,009 (9.05%) Spring
10 987 (8.85%) REST
11 908 (8.14%) RESTful
12 853 (7.65%) Redux
13 587 (5.27%) Kafka
14 581 (5.21%) CSS3
15 526 (4.72%) Spring Boot
16 522 (4.68%) JSON
17 520 (4.66%) ASP.NET
18 489 (4.39%) Sass
19 487 (4.37%) jQuery
20 449 (4.03%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 1,039 (9.32%) Greenfield Project
2 693 (6.22%) User Experience
3 474 (4.25%) Analytical Skills
4 367 (3.29%) Mobile App
5 314 (2.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 294 (2.64%) Derivative
7 270 (2.42%) Fixed Income
8 257 (2.31%) Hedge funds
9 241 (2.16%) Equities
10 181 (1.62%) Data Structures
11 180 (1.61%) Algorithms
12 157 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
13 146 (1.31%) Self-Motivation
14 112 (1.00%) Virtual Team
15 109 (0.98%) Equity Derivative
16 90 (0.81%) Linux Command Line
17 67 (0.60%) Market Risk
17 67 (0.60%) Video on Demand
18 65 (0.58%) Video\Live Streaming
19 56 (0.50%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 753 (6.75%) Linux
2 356 (3.19%) Unix
3 325 (2.92%) Android
4 305 (2.74%) Apple iOS
5 279 (2.50%) Windows
6 64 (0.57%) Mac OS X
7 38 (0.34%) tvOS
8 36 (0.32%) Mac OS
9 16 (0.14%) AIX
9 16 (0.14%) VMS
10 15 (0.13%) Windows 10
11 13 (0.12%) Ubuntu
11 13 (0.12%) Windows Server
12 12 (0.11%) Solaris
13 11 (0.099%) Windows Server 2012
14 9 (0.081%) Windows Server 2008
15 8 (0.072%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 7 (0.063%) CentOS
17 4 (0.036%) Embedded Linux
18 2 (0.018%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,611 (41.36%) Agile Software Development
2 2,618 (23.48%) TDD
3 1,774 (15.91%) Microservices
4 1,353 (12.14%) Front End Development
5 1,298 (11.64%) DevOps
6 1,188 (10.66%) Scrum
7 1,073 (9.62%) BDD
8 967 (8.67%) Continuous Integration
9 939 (8.42%) Test Automation
10 878 (7.88%) Software Engineering
11 777 (6.97%) MVC
12 752 (6.74%) OO
13 712 (6.39%) Fintech
14 667 (5.98%) Business Intelligence
15 643 (5.77%) Unit Testing
16 580 (5.20%) Web Development
17 573 (5.14%) Analytics
18 558 (5.00%) E-Commerce
19 552 (4.95%) SDLC
20 518 (4.65%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 3,870 (34.71%) JavaScript
2 3,404 (30.53%) Java
3 2,505 (22.47%) SQL
4 2,101 (18.84%) C#
5 1,688 (15.14%) Python
6 833 (7.47%) TypeScript
7 751 (6.74%) Java 8
8 536 (4.81%) ES6
9 471 (4.22%) Scala
10 423 (3.79%) PHP
11 397 (3.56%) Ruby
12 384 (3.44%) C++
13 345 (3.09%) T-SQL
14 263 (2.36%) Kotlin
15 226 (2.03%) PL/SQL
16 196 (1.76%) Go
17 178 (1.60%) PowerShell
18 169 (1.52%) VBA
19 168 (1.51%) Apple Swift
20 157 (1.41%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 459 (4.12%) Degree
2 440 (3.95%) Security Cleared
3 356 (3.19%) SC Cleared
4 151 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
5 45 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
6 42 (0.38%) AWS Certification
7 25 (0.22%) DBS Check
8 18 (0.16%) Master's Degree
9 17 (0.15%) DV Cleared
10 13 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
10 13 (0.12%) PhD
11 12 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
12 11 (0.099%) Microsoft Certification
13 8 (0.072%) ITIL Certification
14 7 (0.063%) CFA
14 7 (0.063%) ISEB
14 7 (0.063%) ISTQB
15 5 (0.045%) BC Cleared
16 4 (0.036%) MCPD
16 4 (0.036%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 287 (2.57%) QA
2 53 (0.48%) Data Quality
3 39 (0.35%) MiFID
4 34 (0.30%) WCAG
5 31 (0.28%) GDPR
6 19 (0.17%) SLA
7 18 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 13 (0.12%) EMIR
9 10 (0.090%) PSD2
10 8 (0.072%) COREP
10 8 (0.072%) Disclosure Scotland
11 6 (0.054%) Dodd-Frank
11 6 (0.054%) FINREP
11 6 (0.054%) IFRS
12 5 (0.045%) GAAP
13 4 (0.036%) IFRS 9
14 3 (0.027%) Basel III
14 3 (0.027%) COBIT
14 3 (0.027%) PMO
14 3 (0.027%) WAI
System Software
1 1,279 (11.47%) Docker
2 55 (0.49%) Active Directory
3 31 (0.28%) HDFS
4 24 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
5 23 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
6 17 (0.15%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 15 (0.13%) vSphere
8 14 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
9 9 (0.081%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 8 (0.072%) VirtualBox
11 6 (0.054%) OpenAM
11 6 (0.054%) Varnish
12 4 (0.036%) VMware ESXi
13 3 (0.027%) Apache Flume
13 3 (0.027%) OpenDJ
14 2 (0.018%) IAG
14 2 (0.018%) Microsoft App-V
15 1 (0.009%) GridGain
15 1 (0.009%) LXC
15 1 (0.009%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 760 (6.82%) Kubernetes
2 326 (2.92%) Terraform
3 228 (2.05%) Ansible
4 56 (0.50%) Puppet
5 33 (0.30%) Opscode Chef
5 33 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
6 30 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
7 29 (0.26%) Control-M
8 24 (0.22%) Grafana
9 23 (0.21%) Docker Swarm
10 22 (0.20%) Kibana
11 21 (0.19%) SCCM
12 18 (0.16%) logstash
12 18 (0.16%) Mesos
13 17 (0.15%) Tivoli
14 16 (0.14%) Marathon
15 15 (0.13%) Microsoft Intune
16 14 (0.13%) Packer
17 13 (0.12%) linkerd
18 11 (0.099%) Consul
Vendors
1 772 (6.92%) Microsoft
2 641 (5.75%) Oracle
3 310 (2.78%) Google
4 302 (2.71%) Salesforce.com
5 226 (2.03%) Tableau
6 139 (1.25%) ServiceNow
7 114 (1.02%) MuleSoft
8 113 (1.01%) SAP
9 94 (0.84%) Adobe
10 86 (0.77%) Informatica
11 85 (0.76%) Sybase
12 84 (0.75%) TIBCO
13 82 (0.74%) IBM
14 62 (0.56%) Apple
14 62 (0.56%) Sitecore
15 61 (0.55%) Atlassian
16 56 (0.50%) Splunk
17 47 (0.42%) hybris
18 42 (0.38%) Cognos
19 40 (0.36%) Red Hat