Period
to 23 May 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 23 May 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
23 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 2 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 11,462 13,857 11,767
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 28.47% 30.37% 29.87%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.18% 32.03% 31.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,892 10,958 9,177
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £370 £363 £326
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 49 35
London median hourly rate £35.00 £36.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.11% -18.89% +3.37%
10th Percentile £23.85 £17.81 £20.73
90th Percentile £53.75 £82.15 £67.50
England median hourly rate £43.25 £40.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year +8.13% -3.61% +3.75%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 37,975 43,256 37,433
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.33% 94.81% 95.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,076 31,285 26,696
London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £315 £313 £305
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £450 £430
% change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 489 680 490
London median hourly rate £21.50 £21.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -4.44% +18.42%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.75 £11.99
90th Percentile £53.75 £49.53 £51.38
England median hourly rate £19.08 £18.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year +3.12% -2.62% -2.54%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 23 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 23 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 23 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 2,538 £525 +5.00% 1,157
West London 0 437 £475 -5.00% 472
South London 0 337 £475 - 85
East London 0 236 £525 +5.00% 263
North London +1 58 £450 +5.88% 57
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 23 May 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 4,984 (43.48%) Agile Software Development
2 4,086 (35.65%) JavaScript
3 3,708 (32.35%) Java
4 2,773 (24.19%) TDD
5 2,660 (23.21%) Finance
6 2,643 (23.06%) HTML
7 2,498 (21.79%) SQL
8 2,354 (20.54%) CSS
9 2,191 (19.12%) C#
10 2,109 (18.40%) .NET
11 2,058 (17.95%) AngularJS
12 1,886 (16.45%) React
13 1,777 (15.50%) Microservices
14 1,583 (13.81%) Node.js
15 1,574 (13.73%) Git (software)
16 1,563 (13.64%) Amazon AWS
17 1,501 (13.10%) SQL Server
18 1,492 (13.02%) Python
19 1,459 (12.73%) Banking
20 1,376 (12.00%) Microsoft Azure
21 1,366 (11.92%) Docker
22 1,356 (11.83%) DevOps
23 1,335 (11.65%) Front End Development
24 1,314 (11.46%) Scrum
25 1,295 (11.30%) REST
26 1,265 (11.04%) BDD
27 1,263 (11.02%) HTML5
28 1,207 (10.53%) Spring
29 1,119 (9.76%) Web Services
30 1,084 (9.46%) Test Automation

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 382 (3.33%) Elasticsearch
2 281 (2.45%) Confluence
3 270 (2.36%) Apache Spark
4 260 (2.27%) Apache
4 260 (2.27%) CMS
5 187 (1.63%) SharePoint
6 100 (0.87%) Drupal
7 91 (0.79%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 91 (0.79%) Tomcat
8 88 (0.77%) WordPress
9 82 (0.72%) WebSphere
10 79 (0.69%) IIS
11 74 (0.65%) Mule
12 58 (0.51%) JBoss
13 55 (0.48%) Apache Solr
13 55 (0.48%) Umbraco
13 55 (0.48%) WebLogic
14 54 (0.47%) Oracle Coherence
15 49 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
16 32 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 235 (2.05%) Microsoft Excel
2 67 (0.58%) Photoshop
3 30 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
4 22 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
5 20 (0.17%) Sketch
6 19 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
7 13 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 12 (0.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 11 (0.096%) InDesign
10 8 (0.070%) Acrobat
11 7 (0.061%) InVision
12 6 (0.052%) MS Visio
13 5 (0.044%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 4 (0.035%) Fireworks
14 4 (0.035%) InfoPath
15 3 (0.026%) Adobe Captivate
15 3 (0.026%) GIMP
15 3 (0.026%) Zeplin
16 2 (0.017%) Mingle
16 2 (0.017%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 120 (1.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 52 (0.45%) Magento
3 31 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
4 30 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
5 29 (0.25%) ION MarketView
6 28 (0.24%) Endur
7 21 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
8 18 (0.16%) R3 Corda
9 17 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 15 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
11 12 (0.10%) Markit EDM
12 11 (0.096%) Cognos TM1
13 10 (0.087%) Adobe Campaign
13 10 (0.087%) Oracle EBS
13 10 (0.087%) SAP Hybris
14 8 (0.070%) BusinessWorks
15 7 (0.061%) RMDS
16 6 (0.052%) Hyperion Planning
17 5 (0.044%) Front Arena
17 5 (0.044%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,563 (13.64%) Amazon AWS
2 1,376 (12.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 371 (3.24%) Serverless
4 355 (3.10%) Power Platform
5 324 (2.83%) GitHub
6 297 (2.59%) Google Cloud Platform
7 262 (2.29%) AWS Lambda
8 249 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
9 242 (2.11%) Amazon S3
10 184 (1.61%) Amazon SQS
11 165 (1.44%) OpenShift
12 159 (1.39%) SaaS
13 143 (1.25%) npm
14 139 (1.21%) PaaS
15 135 (1.18%) AWS CloudFormation
16 105 (0.92%) Dynamics 365
17 85 (0.74%) Apigee
18 80 (0.70%) Office 365
19 60 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
20 57 (0.50%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 214 (1.87%) HTTP
2 85 (0.74%) Internet
3 70 (0.61%) TCP/IP
4 68 (0.59%) SSL
5 42 (0.37%) AMQP
6 40 (0.35%) FTP
7 24 (0.21%) DNS
8 23 (0.20%) Intranet
9 22 (0.19%) Firewall
10 15 (0.13%) Kerberos
11 13 (0.11%) SNMP
12 12 (0.10%) IPFS
13 11 (0.096%) Skype
14 10 (0.087%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
14 10 (0.087%) VPN
15 8 (0.070%) HTTPS
16 7 (0.061%) Wi-Fi
17 6 (0.052%) SSH
18 5 (0.044%) Network Security
18 5 (0.044%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,501 (13.10%) SQL Server
2 686 (5.98%) NoSQL
3 575 (5.02%) MongoDB
4 563 (4.91%) MySQL
5 558 (4.87%) Relational Database
6 525 (4.58%) PostgreSQL
7 461 (4.02%) Data Warehouse
7 461 (4.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 432 (3.77%) Big Data
9 339 (2.96%) Power BI
10 323 (2.82%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 245 (2.14%) Apache Cassandra
12 219 (1.91%) Redis
13 203 (1.77%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 184 (1.61%) Hadoop
15 179 (1.56%) Amazon RDS
16 163 (1.42%) Oracle Database
17 128 (1.12%) Blockchain
18 126 (1.10%) Amazon Redshift
19 123 (1.07%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,574 (13.73%) Git (software)
2 1,053 (9.19%) Jenkins
3 590 (5.15%) JIRA
4 454 (3.96%) Maven
5 315 (2.75%) JUnit
6 306 (2.67%) webpack
7 296 (2.58%) Selenium
8 295 (2.57%) Cucumber
9 264 (2.30%) Subversion
10 261 (2.28%) gulp
11 234 (2.04%) Jasmine
12 227 (1.98%) TeamCity
13 224 (1.95%) Visual Studio
14 213 (1.86%) Mockito
15 205 (1.79%) Grunt
16 204 (1.78%) Bitbucket
17 201 (1.75%) Team Foundation Server
18 176 (1.54%) Karma Test Runner
19 162 (1.41%) Mocha
20 148 (1.29%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 2,660 (23.21%) Finance
2 1,459 (12.73%) Banking
3 936 (8.17%) Front Office
4 436 (3.80%) Investment Banking
5 361 (3.15%) Retail
6 286 (2.50%) Marketing
7 163 (1.42%) Financial Institution
8 153 (1.33%) Games
9 112 (0.98%) Law
10 104 (0.91%) Legal
11 100 (0.87%) Back Office
12 86 (0.75%) Advertising
13 84 (0.73%) Publishing
14 83 (0.72%) Telecoms
15 48 (0.42%) French Language
16 42 (0.37%) Retail Banking
17 35 (0.31%) Manufacturing
18 31 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
19 26 (0.23%) Automotive
19 26 (0.23%) Electronics
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,643 (23.06%) HTML
2 2,354 (20.54%) CSS
3 2,109 (18.40%) .NET
4 2,058 (17.95%) AngularJS
5 1,886 (16.45%) React
6 1,583 (13.81%) Node.js
7 1,295 (11.30%) REST
8 1,263 (11.02%) HTML5
9 1,207 (10.53%) Spring
10 1,119 (9.76%) Web Services
11 1,084 (9.46%) RESTful
12 788 (6.87%) Redux
13 669 (5.84%) CSS3
14 644 (5.62%) ASP.NET
15 641 (5.59%) JSON
16 595 (5.19%) jQuery
16 595 (5.19%) Spring Boot
17 582 (5.08%) XML
18 538 (4.69%) Sass
19 520 (4.54%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 1,014 (8.85%) Greenfield Project
2 717 (6.26%) User Experience
3 649 (5.66%) Fintech
4 521 (4.55%) Analytical Skills
5 362 (3.16%) Mobile App
6 339 (2.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 326 (2.84%) Fixed Income
8 320 (2.79%) Hedge funds
9 300 (2.62%) Derivative
10 292 (2.55%) Data Structures
11 241 (2.10%) Algorithms
12 190 (1.66%) Equities
13 177 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
14 145 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
14 145 (1.27%) Virtual Team
15 96 (0.84%) Equity Derivative
16 79 (0.69%) Data Protection Act
17 78 (0.68%) Market Risk
18 75 (0.65%) Credit Risk
19 74 (0.65%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 871 (7.60%) Linux
2 388 (3.39%) Unix
3 339 (2.96%) Windows
4 319 (2.78%) Android
5 301 (2.63%) Apple iOS
6 82 (0.72%) Mac OS X
7 24 (0.21%) Ubuntu
7 24 (0.21%) Windows Server
8 22 (0.19%) Mac OS
9 18 (0.16%) VMS
10 17 (0.15%) tvOS
10 17 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
11 11 (0.096%) Windows Server 2008
12 9 (0.079%) CentOS
12 9 (0.079%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 9 (0.079%) Solaris
13 7 (0.061%) Windows 10
14 6 (0.052%) Windows 7
15 5 (0.044%) Android TV
16 4 (0.035%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,984 (43.48%) Agile Software Development
2 2,773 (24.19%) TDD
3 1,777 (15.50%) Microservices
4 1,356 (11.83%) DevOps
5 1,335 (11.65%) Front End Development
6 1,314 (11.46%) Scrum
7 1,265 (11.04%) BDD
8 1,084 (9.46%) Test Automation
9 963 (8.40%) Continuous Integration
10 960 (8.38%) MVC
11 813 (7.09%) OO
12 803 (7.01%) Software Engineering
13 700 (6.11%) Web Development
14 660 (5.76%) Unit Testing
15 657 (5.73%) Business Intelligence
16 641 (5.59%) SDLC
17 622 (5.43%) Open Source
18 609 (5.31%) Analytics
19 586 (5.11%) Multithreading
20 571 (4.98%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 4,086 (35.65%) JavaScript
2 3,708 (32.35%) Java
3 2,498 (21.79%) SQL
4 2,191 (19.12%) C#
5 1,492 (13.02%) Python
6 907 (7.91%) Java 8
7 778 (6.79%) TypeScript
8 662 (5.78%) ES6
9 471 (4.11%) PHP
10 438 (3.82%) Scala
11 423 (3.69%) C++
12 410 (3.58%) T-SQL
13 322 (2.81%) Ruby
14 215 (1.88%) Kotlin
15 199 (1.74%) VBA
16 183 (1.60%) PowerShell
17 176 (1.54%) PL/SQL
18 159 (1.39%) Bash Shell
18 159 (1.39%) Go
19 156 (1.36%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 481 (4.20%) Degree
2 448 (3.91%) Security Cleared
3 355 (3.10%) SC Cleared
4 110 (0.96%) Computer Science Degree
5 68 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
6 33 (0.29%) DBS Check
7 30 (0.26%) AWS Certification
8 29 (0.25%) DV Cleared
8 29 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
9 26 (0.23%) CTC Cleared
10 20 (0.17%) PhD
11 18 (0.16%) Master's Degree
12 14 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
13 12 (0.10%) Sun Certification
14 11 (0.096%) Microsoft Certification
15 10 (0.087%) BC Cleared
16 8 (0.070%) ACCA
16 8 (0.070%) ISTQB
17 6 (0.052%) OCPJP
17 6 (0.052%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 397 (3.46%) QA
2 69 (0.60%) Data Quality
3 31 (0.27%) WCAG
4 25 (0.22%) GDPR
5 23 (0.20%) PSD2
6 20 (0.17%) SLA
7 17 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
8 12 (0.10%) MiFID
9 11 (0.096%) PCI DSS
10 10 (0.087%) COREP
10 10 (0.087%) FINREP
11 7 (0.061%) GxP
11 7 (0.061%) Solvency II
12 4 (0.035%) Basel III
12 4 (0.035%) IFRS
12 4 (0.035%) ISO 15022
12 4 (0.035%) ISO 20022
12 4 (0.035%) WAI
13 3 (0.026%) EMIR
13 3 (0.026%) PMO
System Software
1 1,366 (11.92%) Docker
2 69 (0.60%) Active Directory
3 43 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (0.29%) vSphere
5 32 (0.28%) HDFS
6 31 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
7 24 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
8 16 (0.14%) OpenAM
9 12 (0.10%) OpenDJ
10 8 (0.070%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.061%) OpenIDM
12 4 (0.035%) Xen
13 3 (0.026%) Apache Flume
13 3 (0.026%) Virtual Desktop
14 2 (0.017%) IAG
14 2 (0.017%) XenApp
14 2 (0.017%) zsh
15 1 (0.009%) LXC
15 1 (0.009%) Time Sharing Option
15 1 (0.009%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 829 (7.23%) Kubernetes
2 323 (2.82%) Terraform
3 289 (2.52%) Ansible
4 95 (0.83%) Puppet
5 56 (0.49%) Kibana
6 53 (0.46%) Opscode Chef
7 47 (0.41%) Grafana
8 37 (0.32%) SCCM
9 33 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
10 30 (0.26%) logstash
11 28 (0.24%) Control-M
12 22 (0.19%) Mesos
13 20 (0.17%) Istio
14 18 (0.16%) Prometheus
15 17 (0.15%) CloudHub
15 17 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
15 17 (0.15%) Marathon
15 17 (0.15%) Rancher
16 16 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
17 13 (0.11%) SCOM
Vendors
1 790 (6.89%) Microsoft
2 719 (6.27%) Oracle
3 337 (2.94%) Google
4 251 (2.19%) Salesforce.com
5 186 (1.62%) Tableau
6 174 (1.52%) ServiceNow
7 147 (1.28%) Adobe
8 146 (1.27%) MuleSoft
9 116 (1.01%) Splunk
10 103 (0.90%) SAP
11 89 (0.78%) IBM
12 82 (0.72%) Sybase
13 71 (0.62%) TIBCO
14 56 (0.49%) hybris
15 55 (0.48%) Atlassian
15 55 (0.48%) Informatica
16 53 (0.46%) Sitecore
17 50 (0.44%) VMware
18 41 (0.36%) Cognos
18 41 (0.36%) Telerik