Period
to 21 November 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
21 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1 1 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 -1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 14,882 14,622 12,070
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 32.04% 31.06% 26.86%
As % of the Job Titles category 33.81% 32.72% 28.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,688 11,606 9,381
London median daily rate £525 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £369 £363 £319
90th Percentile £675 £663 £625
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 24 25
London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.75 £46.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.80% -9.24% +22.67%
10th Percentile £19.03 £15.23 £23.25
90th Percentile £100.75 £56.15 £75.45
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.96%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 44,011 44,693 42,717
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.77% 94.94% 95.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,777 32,359 30,376
London median daily rate £500 £495 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.01% +7.61% +2.22%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 609 556 558
London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.50 £19.77
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.44% +3.71% +4.04%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £54.79 £47.83 £50.00
England median hourly rate £18.50 £18.50 £18.50

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 21 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 3,249 £525 +2.94% 1,170
South London +1 618 £500 - 66
West London -1 542 £475 -2.56% 654
East London 0 298 £534 +1.62% 218
North London -1 49 £450 +12.50% 58
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 21 November 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 6,134 (41.22%) Agile Software Development
2 4,943 (33.21%) JavaScript
3 4,932 (33.14%) Java
4 3,699 (24.86%) TDD
5 3,420 (22.98%) Finance
6 3,324 (22.34%) HTML
7 3,199 (21.50%) SQL
8 3,164 (21.26%) C#
9 2,943 (19.78%) CSS
10 2,771 (18.62%) .NET
11 2,655 (17.84%) AngularJS
12 2,275 (15.29%) React
13 2,202 (14.80%) Microservices
14 2,156 (14.49%) Banking
15 2,130 (14.31%) Git (software)
16 1,898 (12.75%) SQL Server
17 1,892 (12.71%) Node.js
18 1,780 (11.96%) Spring
19 1,707 (11.47%) Amazon AWS
20 1,694 (11.38%) REST
21 1,686 (11.33%) Front End Development
22 1,685 (11.32%) HTML5
23 1,660 (11.15%) BDD
24 1,555 (10.45%) Python
25 1,552 (10.43%) Docker
26 1,544 (10.37%) Microsoft Azure
27 1,538 (10.33%) Scrum
28 1,517 (10.19%) Continuous Integration
29 1,469 (9.87%) Java 8
30 1,429 (9.60%) OO

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 519 (3.49%) Elasticsearch
2 354 (2.38%) CMS
3 344 (2.31%) Confluence
4 335 (2.25%) Apache Spark
5 262 (1.76%) Apache
6 241 (1.62%) WebSphere
7 229 (1.54%) Tomcat
8 190 (1.28%) SharePoint
9 170 (1.14%) WebLogic
10 159 (1.07%) Drupal
11 138 (0.93%) WordPress
12 114 (0.77%) OpenStack
13 105 (0.71%) IIS
14 98 (0.66%) Umbraco
15 95 (0.64%) Mule
16 89 (0.60%) JBoss
17 87 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 83 (0.56%) Apache Solr
19 76 (0.51%) WildFly
20 75 (0.50%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 295 (1.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 105 (0.71%) Photoshop
3 62 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
4 43 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
5 28 (0.19%) Fireworks
6 25 (0.17%) InfoPath
7 20 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 17 (0.11%) Chatbot
9 14 (0.094%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 12 (0.081%) InVision
10 12 (0.081%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 10 (0.067%) MS Visio
12 4 (0.027%) Acrobat
13 3 (0.020%) GIMP
13 3 (0.020%) HipChat
13 3 (0.020%) InDesign
13 3 (0.020%) Maya
13 3 (0.020%) Snapchat
14 2 (0.013%) Microsoft Project
14 2 (0.013%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 130 (0.87%) Dynamics CRM
2 59 (0.40%) Magento
3 44 (0.30%) ION MarketView
4 35 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
5 33 (0.22%) Markit EDM
6 31 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
7 19 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
7 19 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 19 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
8 18 (0.12%) Endur
9 17 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
10 16 (0.11%) PeopleSoft HCM
11 14 (0.094%) NetSuite
12 13 (0.087%) Oracle Applications
12 13 (0.087%) Oracle ERP
12 13 (0.087%) Oracle General Ledger
13 12 (0.081%) Hyperion Planning
13 12 (0.081%) Remedy ITSM
13 12 (0.081%) Shopify
14 11 (0.074%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 1,707 (11.47%) Amazon AWS
2 1,544 (10.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 374 (2.51%) GitHub
4 320 (2.15%) Google Cloud Platform
4 320 (2.15%) Serverless
5 194 (1.30%) npm
6 184 (1.24%) AWS Lambda
7 135 (0.91%) Amazon EC2
8 133 (0.89%) PaaS
9 114 (0.77%) SaaS
10 103 (0.69%) Heroku
11 98 (0.66%) Amazon S3
12 97 (0.65%) Dynamics 365
13 84 (0.56%) Amazon SQS
14 75 (0.50%) Cloud Computing
15 67 (0.45%) OpenShift
16 66 (0.44%) Azure Functions
17 61 (0.41%) Azure Data Factory
18 57 (0.38%) Apigee
19 54 (0.36%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 309 (2.08%) HTTP
2 109 (0.73%) Internet
3 91 (0.61%) SSL
4 75 (0.50%) TCP/IP
5 65 (0.44%) AMQP
6 62 (0.42%) Kerberos
7 46 (0.31%) Intranet
8 44 (0.30%) FTP
9 41 (0.28%) DNS
10 30 (0.20%) HTTPS
11 22 (0.15%) SMTP
12 20 (0.13%) SMS
13 19 (0.13%) Firewall
14 15 (0.10%) FIX Connectivity
15 12 (0.081%) SSH
16 11 (0.074%) Reverse Proxy
17 10 (0.067%) BIG-IP
17 10 (0.067%) RTMP
18 8 (0.054%) Bluetooth
18 8 (0.054%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,898 (12.75%) SQL Server
2 938 (6.30%) NoSQL
3 840 (5.64%) Relational Database
4 735 (4.94%) MySQL
5 672 (4.52%) MongoDB
6 653 (4.39%) PostgreSQL
7 615 (4.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 535 (3.59%) Data Warehouse
9 477 (3.21%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 456 (3.06%) Big Data
11 330 (2.22%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 311 (2.09%) RDBMS
13 304 (2.04%) Hadoop
14 298 (2.00%) Apache Cassandra
15 293 (1.97%) Power BI
16 176 (1.18%) Oracle Database
17 171 (1.15%) SQL Server 2016
18 167 (1.12%) Redis
19 164 (1.10%) SQL Server 2012
20 139 (0.93%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 2,130 (14.31%) Git (software)
2 1,246 (8.37%) Jenkins
3 826 (5.55%) JIRA
4 786 (5.28%) Maven
5 479 (3.22%) JUnit
6 478 (3.21%) TeamCity
7 430 (2.89%) Selenium
8 407 (2.73%) Subversion
9 387 (2.60%) webpack
10 382 (2.57%) Cucumber
11 305 (2.05%) gulp
12 293 (1.97%) Visual Studio
13 281 (1.89%) Mockito
14 252 (1.69%) Jasmine
15 250 (1.68%) Team Foundation Server
16 235 (1.58%) Mocha
17 232 (1.56%) NUnit
18 226 (1.52%) Gradle
19 187 (1.26%) Octopus Deploy
20 186 (1.25%) Grunt
General
1 3,420 (22.98%) Finance
2 2,156 (14.49%) Banking
3 1,330 (8.94%) Front Office
4 738 (4.96%) Investment Banking
5 543 (3.65%) Retail
6 211 (1.42%) Games
7 197 (1.32%) Marketing
8 186 (1.25%) Financial Institution
9 163 (1.10%) Advertising
10 155 (1.04%) Telecoms
11 143 (0.96%) Back Office
12 123 (0.83%) Law
13 112 (0.75%) Publishing
14 106 (0.71%) Legal
15 38 (0.26%) Automotive
16 34 (0.23%) Manufacturing
17 30 (0.20%) General Ledger
18 27 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
19 26 (0.17%) Electronics
20 23 (0.15%) Billing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,324 (22.34%) HTML
2 2,943 (19.78%) CSS
3 2,771 (18.62%) .NET
4 2,655 (17.84%) AngularJS
5 2,275 (15.29%) React
6 1,892 (12.71%) Node.js
7 1,780 (11.96%) Spring
8 1,694 (11.38%) REST
9 1,685 (11.32%) HTML5
10 1,261 (8.47%) RESTful
11 1,226 (8.24%) Web Services
12 991 (6.66%) Redux
13 976 (6.56%) CSS3
14 960 (6.45%) ASP.NET
15 926 (6.22%) Spring Boot
16 901 (6.05%) jQuery
17 745 (5.01%) Sass
18 732 (4.92%) XML
19 680 (4.57%) JSON
20 621 (4.17%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1,334 (8.96%) Greenfield Project
2 889 (5.97%) User Experience
3 706 (4.74%) Fintech
4 630 (4.23%) Analytical Skills
5 612 (4.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 604 (4.06%) Fixed Income
7 546 (3.67%) Computer Science
8 488 (3.28%) Derivative
9 467 (3.14%) Mobile App
10 367 (2.47%) Equities
11 366 (2.46%) Algorithms
12 342 (2.30%) Data Structures
13 268 (1.80%) Hedge funds
14 187 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
15 165 (1.11%) Self-Motivation
16 132 (0.89%) Equity Derivative
17 122 (0.82%) Linux Command Line
18 116 (0.78%) Market Risk
19 95 (0.64%) Credit Risk
20 65 (0.44%) Grid Computing
Operating Systems
1 942 (6.33%) Linux
2 669 (4.50%) Unix
3 469 (3.15%) Android
4 461 (3.10%) Apple iOS
5 386 (2.59%) Windows
6 89 (0.60%) VMS
7 49 (0.33%) Solaris
8 43 (0.29%) Windows Server
9 34 (0.23%) Mac OS X
10 22 (0.15%) Ubuntu
10 22 (0.15%) Windows 7
11 20 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 17 (0.11%) Mac OS
13 16 (0.11%) Windows 8
14 13 (0.087%) Windows 10
15 11 (0.074%) CentOS
16 10 (0.067%) SUSE
16 10 (0.067%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 8 (0.054%) Android TV
18 7 (0.047%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,134 (41.22%) Agile Software Development
2 3,699 (24.86%) TDD
3 2,202 (14.80%) Microservices
4 1,686 (11.33%) Front End Development
5 1,660 (11.15%) BDD
6 1,538 (10.33%) Scrum
7 1,517 (10.19%) Continuous Integration
8 1,429 (9.60%) OO
9 1,376 (9.25%) MVC
10 1,315 (8.84%) Test Automation
11 1,308 (8.79%) DevOps
12 917 (6.16%) Multithreading
13 906 (6.09%) Unit Testing
14 904 (6.07%) Web Development
15 883 (5.93%) Software Engineering
16 846 (5.68%) E-Commerce
17 815 (5.48%) Problem-Solving
18 794 (5.34%) Business Intelligence
19 698 (4.69%) Analytics
20 643 (4.32%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 4,943 (33.21%) JavaScript
2 4,932 (33.14%) Java
3 3,199 (21.50%) SQL
4 3,164 (21.26%) C#
5 1,555 (10.45%) Python
6 1,469 (9.87%) Java 8
7 758 (5.09%) TypeScript
8 678 (4.56%) ES6
9 671 (4.51%) C++
10 654 (4.39%) PHP
11 560 (3.76%) Scala
12 525 (3.53%) T-SQL
13 302 (2.03%) PL/SQL
14 291 (1.96%) Ruby
15 242 (1.63%) Apple Swift
16 237 (1.59%) VBA
17 226 (1.52%) Go
18 224 (1.51%) Kotlin
19 221 (1.49%) C
20 190 (1.28%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 624 (4.19%) Degree
2 563 (3.78%) Security Cleared
3 454 (3.05%) SC Cleared
4 226 (1.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 70 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
6 40 (0.27%) PhD
7 38 (0.26%) Master's Degree
7 38 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
8 33 (0.22%) DV Cleared
9 17 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
10 14 (0.094%) ISTQB
10 14 (0.094%) Microsoft Certification
11 13 (0.087%) ITIL Certification
12 12 (0.081%) AWS Certification
13 11 (0.074%) DBS Check
14 9 (0.060%) ISEB
15 6 (0.040%) Sun Certification
16 5 (0.034%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 3 (0.020%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
17 3 (0.020%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 458 (3.08%) QA
2 59 (0.40%) Data Quality
3 32 (0.22%) GDPR
3 32 (0.22%) SLA
4 31 (0.21%) MiFID
5 24 (0.16%) WCAG
6 23 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
7 20 (0.13%) EMIR
8 13 (0.087%) Dodd-Frank
9 11 (0.074%) IFRS
10 9 (0.060%) Basel III
10 9 (0.060%) IFRS 9
10 9 (0.060%) ISO 20022
10 9 (0.060%) PCI DSS
10 9 (0.060%) PSD2
11 7 (0.047%) Solvency II
12 5 (0.034%) PMO
12 5 (0.034%) WAI
13 4 (0.027%) HL7
13 4 (0.027%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 1,552 (10.43%) Docker
2 75 (0.50%) HDFS
3 47 (0.32%) VMware Infrastructure
4 39 (0.26%) vSphere
5 37 (0.25%) Active Directory
6 24 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 17 (0.11%) OpenAM
8 15 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
9 14 (0.094%) Apache Flume
10 8 (0.054%) OpenDJ
10 8 (0.054%) Virtual Machines
11 6 (0.040%) Platform Symphony
12 5 (0.034%) Microsoft App-V
13 4 (0.027%) Hyper-V
13 4 (0.027%) Time Sharing Option
13 4 (0.027%) VirtualBox
14 3 (0.020%) Squid
14 3 (0.020%) SRDF
15 2 (0.013%) Postfix
15 2 (0.013%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 709 (4.76%) Kubernetes
2 405 (2.72%) Ansible
3 264 (1.77%) Terraform
4 219 (1.47%) Puppet
5 177 (1.19%) Opscode Chef
6 68 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
7 45 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
7 45 (0.30%) Mesos
8 38 (0.26%) Grafana
8 38 (0.26%) Prometheus
9 37 (0.25%) Kibana
10 36 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
11 32 (0.22%) Marathon
12 29 (0.19%) logstash
13 24 (0.16%) Rancher
14 23 (0.15%) CA Single Sign-On
15 18 (0.12%) Oracle Identity Management
16 17 (0.11%) Oracle Identity Manager
17 16 (0.11%) Oozie
18 15 (0.10%) Control-M
Vendors
1 1,122 (7.54%) Oracle
2 1,032 (6.93%) Microsoft
3 425 (2.86%) Google
4 215 (1.44%) Tableau
5 203 (1.36%) Salesforce.com
6 157 (1.05%) Adobe
7 156 (1.05%) IBM
8 138 (0.93%) SAP
9 137 (0.92%) ServiceNow
10 135 (0.91%) Sybase
11 134 (0.90%) MuleSoft
12 130 (0.87%) TIBCO
13 122 (0.82%) Splunk
14 98 (0.66%) Atlassian
15 92 (0.62%) Sitecore
16 69 (0.46%) hybris
17 67 (0.45%) Apple
18 61 (0.41%) Informatica
19 58 (0.39%) ION Trading
20 55 (0.37%) VMware