Period
to

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £600 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 25 June 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
25 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 3 2 1
Rank change year-on-year -1 -1 +1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 8,709 7,208 5,335
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 22.39% 26.96% 30.47%
As % of the Job Titles category 24.11% 29.05% 32.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,942 5,535 4,095
10th Percentile £425 £385 £375
25th Percentile £500 £461 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £738 £650 £636
90th Percentile £825 £725 £703
England median daily rate £565 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +13.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 39 27 17
10th Percentile - £36.55 £22.10
25th Percentile £35.00 £49.90 £32.50
Median hourly rate £50.00 £64.00 £57.50
Median % change year-on-year -21.88% +11.30% +27.78%
75th Percentile £67.50 £66.50 £63.00
90th Percentile £76.07 £68.62 £66.95
England median hourly rate £55.00 £50.00 £43.75
% change year-on-year +10.00% +14.29% -4.89%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 36,120 24,811 16,381
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.88% 92.79% 93.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,557 17,846 11,858
10th Percentile £375 £350 £313
25th Percentile £473 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £513
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £688 £638 £613
90th Percentile £788 £713 £700
England median daily rate £538 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +7.50% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 369 240 194
10th Percentile £16.20 £15.00 £14.26
25th Percentile £22.00 £20.08 £18.78
Median hourly rate £35.00 £32.68 £31.83
Median % change year-on-year +7.12% +2.65% +55.27%
75th Percentile £50.00 £51.56 £47.83
90th Percentile £67.50 £66.50 £62.48
England median hourly rate £24.00 £21.00 £19.50
% change year-on-year +14.29% +7.69% +4.00%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 25 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 25 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 25 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -1 1,050 £600 - 607
South London -4 61 £513 +7.89% 21
East London -2 53 £475 -4.04% 145
West London -15 52 £519 -2.81% 121
North London -1 5 £563 +50.00% 15
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 25 June 2022, Developer contract jobs required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 3,170 (36.40%) Agile
2 2,758 (31.67%) Java
3 2,472 (28.38%) JavaScript
4 2,409 (27.66%) Finance
5 2,156 (24.76%) React
6 2,083 (23.92%) SQL
7 1,883 (21.62%) C#
8 1,787 (20.52%) Azure
9 1,705 (19.58%) Python
10 1,643 (18.87%) Banking
11 1,639 (18.82%) .NET
12 1,571 (18.04%) AWS
13 1,447 (16.61%) Microservices
14 1,428 (16.40%) TDD
15 1,362 (15.64%) Social Skills
16 1,338 (15.36%) HTML
17 1,335 (15.33%) Front Office
18 1,334 (15.32%) CI/CD
19 1,297 (14.89%) DevOps
20 1,249 (14.34%) CSS
21 1,243 (14.27%) Full Stack Development
22 1,197 (13.74%) TypeScript
23 1,145 (13.15%) Software Engineering
24 1,140 (13.09%) Git (software)
25 1,013 (11.63%) Docker
26 995 (11.42%) SQL Server
27 962 (11.05%) AngularJS
28 937 (10.76%) Spring
29 932 (10.70%) Kubernetes
30 885 (10.16%) Node.js

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 195 (2.24%) Confluence
2 151 (1.73%) Apache
3 128 (1.47%) SharePoint
4 124 (1.42%) Elasticsearch
5 99 (1.14%) Apache Spark
6 96 (1.10%) CMS
7 57 (0.65%) JBoss
8 49 (0.56%) WebSphere
9 45 (0.52%) Apache Airflow
10 44 (0.51%) Drupal
11 43 (0.49%) Tomcat
12 40 (0.46%) Red Hat Fuse
13 38 (0.44%) Mule
13 38 (0.44%) Oracle Coherence
14 37 (0.42%) Ethereum
15 36 (0.41%) OpenEdge
16 30 (0.34%) WebLogic
17 29 (0.33%) Oracle Workflow
18 28 (0.32%) BizTalk Server
19 27 (0.31%) IIS
Applications
1 134 (1.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 36 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
3 32 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
4 11 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
4 11 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.13%) MS Visio
5 9 (0.10%) Photoshop
6 7 (0.080%) Adobe XD
6 7 (0.080%) Microsoft Project
7 5 (0.057%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.057%) FileZilla
8 3 (0.034%) Blender
8 3 (0.034%) Sketch
9 2 (0.023%) Adobe After Effects
9 2 (0.023%) Adobe Captivate
9 2 (0.023%) Adobe Premiere
9 2 (0.023%) Camtasia
9 2 (0.023%) InDesign
9 2 (0.023%) InfoPath
9 2 (0.023%) Snagit
Business Applications
1 38 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.26%) Shopify
3 18 (0.21%) Endur
4 16 (0.18%) Oracle 11i
5 11 (0.13%) RMDS
6 10 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
7 9 (0.10%) Magento
7 9 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
8 8 (0.092%) Oracle BPM
9 7 (0.080%) Oracle EBS
9 7 (0.080%) PeopleSoft HRMS
9 7 (0.080%) SAP S/4HANA
10 6 (0.069%) Distributed Ledger
10 6 (0.069%) Dynamics AX
10 6 (0.069%) Oracle Utilities
10 6 (0.069%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 6 (0.069%) SunGard Martini
10 6 (0.069%) thinkFolio
11 5 (0.057%) Dynamics NAV
11 5 (0.057%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
Cloud Services
1 1,787 (20.52%) Azure
2 1,571 (18.04%) AWS
3 568 (6.52%) GCP
4 347 (3.98%) Serverless
5 329 (3.78%) Power Platform
6 276 (3.17%) GitHub
7 230 (2.64%) AWS Lambda
8 132 (1.52%) Amazon S3
9 128 (1.47%) npm
10 107 (1.23%) Amazon EC2
11 105 (1.21%) OpenShift
12 104 (1.19%) PowerApps
13 95 (1.09%) SaaS
14 88 (1.01%) Azure Service Bus
15 84 (0.96%) Microsoft 365
16 74 (0.85%) Azure Data Factory
17 71 (0.82%) Azure Functions
17 71 (0.82%) Azure Logic Apps
18 68 (0.78%) Dynamics 365
19 67 (0.77%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 87 (1.00%) HTTP
2 58 (0.67%) Internet
3 40 (0.46%) HTTPS
4 37 (0.42%) TCP/IP
5 31 (0.36%) FIX Connectivity
6 27 (0.31%) MQTT
6 27 (0.31%) RTMP
7 25 (0.29%) DNS
8 23 (0.26%) FTP
9 21 (0.24%) DSL
9 21 (0.24%) SSL
10 19 (0.22%) Multicast
11 11 (0.13%) Kerberos
11 11 (0.13%) Wireshark
12 9 (0.10%) AMQP
12 9 (0.10%) Intranet
13 8 (0.092%) Broadband
13 8 (0.092%) Firewall
13 8 (0.092%) SSH
14 6 (0.069%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 995 (11.42%) SQL Server
2 421 (4.83%) PostgreSQL
3 411 (4.72%) Relational Database
4 299 (3.43%) MongoDB
5 294 (3.38%) NoSQL
6 268 (3.08%) Power BI
7 254 (2.92%) MySQL
8 207 (2.38%) Oracle Database
9 199 (2.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 190 (2.18%) Data Warehouse
11 151 (1.73%) Big Data
12 144 (1.65%) Redis
13 121 (1.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 117 (1.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 100 (1.15%) RDBMS
16 86 (0.99%) Azure SQL Database
16 86 (0.99%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 82 (0.94%) Oracle Database 12c
17 82 (0.94%) Tableau
18 69 (0.79%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 1,140 (13.09%) Git (software)
2 727 (8.35%) Jenkins
3 513 (5.89%) JIRA
4 375 (4.31%) Maven
5 267 (3.07%) TeamCity
6 242 (2.78%) GitLab
7 223 (2.56%) JUnit
8 207 (2.38%) webpack
9 195 (2.24%) Visual Studio
10 189 (2.17%) Gradle
11 157 (1.80%) Cucumber
12 142 (1.63%) Bitbucket
13 123 (1.41%) Cypress.io
14 121 (1.39%) Artifactory
15 115 (1.32%) Mockito
16 109 (1.25%) Subversion
17 96 (1.10%) Grunt
18 79 (0.91%) Selenium
19 72 (0.83%) git-flow
20 71 (0.82%) IntelliJ
General
1 2,409 (27.66%) Finance
2 1,643 (18.87%) Banking
3 1,362 (15.64%) Social Skills
4 1,335 (15.33%) Front Office
5 861 (9.89%) Investment Banking
6 545 (6.26%) Analytical Skills
7 261 (3.00%) Public Sector
8 127 (1.46%) Retail
9 108 (1.24%) Legal
10 97 (1.11%) Marketing
11 93 (1.07%) Financial Institution
12 91 (1.04%) Games
13 86 (0.99%) Back Office
14 81 (0.93%) Law
15 73 (0.84%) Telecoms
16 56 (0.64%) Presentation Skills
17 51 (0.59%) Publishing
18 43 (0.49%) Manufacturing
19 39 (0.45%) Inclusion and Diversity
20 33 (0.38%) Electronics
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,156 (24.76%) React
2 1,639 (18.82%) .NET
3 1,338 (15.36%) HTML
4 1,249 (14.34%) CSS
5 962 (11.05%) AngularJS
6 937 (10.76%) Spring
7 885 (10.16%) Node.js
8 839 (9.63%) REST
9 614 (7.05%) Spring Boot
10 552 (6.34%) RESTful
11 547 (6.28%) .NET Core
12 543 (6.23%) HTML5
13 528 (6.06%) Kafka
14 450 (5.17%) .NET Framework
15 411 (4.72%) Web Services
16 392 (4.50%) ASP.NET
17 367 (4.21%) Redux
18 314 (3.61%) GraphQL
18 314 (3.61%) XML
19 292 (3.35%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 638 (7.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 524 (6.02%) Fixed Income
3 509 (5.84%) Derivative
4 433 (4.97%) Greenfield Project
5 427 (4.90%) User Experience
6 398 (4.57%) Equities
7 355 (4.08%) Hedge funds
8 282 (3.24%) Algorithms
9 242 (2.78%) Data Structures
10 202 (2.32%) Mobile App
11 162 (1.86%) Cloud Native
12 107 (1.23%) Data Protection Act
13 94 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
14 93 (1.07%) Self-Motivation
15 90 (1.03%) Blockchain
16 84 (0.96%) Virtual Team
17 81 (0.93%) Market Risk
18 75 (0.86%) Legacy Systems
19 72 (0.83%) Credit Risk
20 61 (0.70%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 539 (6.19%) Linux
2 291 (3.34%) Windows
3 242 (2.78%) Unix
4 206 (2.37%) Android
5 192 (2.20%) Apple iOS
6 30 (0.34%) Windows Server
7 23 (0.26%) Windows 10
8 19 (0.22%) Mac OS X
9 18 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 16 (0.18%) AIX
11 13 (0.15%) Mac OS
11 13 (0.15%) VMS
12 5 (0.057%) Solaris
12 5 (0.057%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.034%) Mesosphere
13 3 (0.034%) SUSE
14 2 (0.023%) CentOS
14 2 (0.023%) Embedded Linux
14 2 (0.023%) MVS
14 2 (0.023%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,170 (36.40%) Agile
2 1,447 (16.61%) Microservices
3 1,428 (16.40%) TDD
4 1,334 (15.32%) CI/CD
5 1,297 (14.89%) DevOps
6 1,243 (14.27%) Full Stack Development
7 1,145 (13.15%) Software Engineering
8 838 (9.62%) Front End Development
9 806 (9.25%) Analytics
10 782 (8.98%) Scrum
11 777 (8.92%) Test Automation
12 714 (8.20%) Problem-Solving
13 657 (7.54%) Multithreading
14 587 (6.74%) OO
15 510 (5.86%) Continuous Integration
16 505 (5.80%) Electronic Trading
17 495 (5.68%) Asset Management
18 464 (5.33%) Business Intelligence
19 459 (5.27%) Unit Testing
20 449 (5.16%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 2,758 (31.67%) Java
2 2,472 (28.38%) JavaScript
3 2,083 (23.92%) SQL
4 1,883 (21.62%) C#
5 1,705 (19.58%) Python
6 1,197 (13.74%) TypeScript
7 518 (5.95%) C++
8 282 (3.24%) T-SQL
9 268 (3.08%) PL/SQL
10 251 (2.88%) Kotlin
11 239 (2.74%) Scala
12 198 (2.27%) PHP
13 171 (1.96%) Go
14 162 (1.86%) ES6
15 153 (1.76%) C
16 134 (1.54%) Shell Script
17 131 (1.50%) PowerShell
18 121 (1.39%) Ruby
19 109 (1.25%) Apple Swift
20 93 (1.07%) VBA
Qualifications
1 417 (4.79%) Security Cleared
2 364 (4.18%) SC Cleared
3 333 (3.82%) Degree
4 161 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 51 (0.59%) DV Cleared
6 46 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
7 43 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
8 17 (0.20%) AWS Certification
9 10 (0.11%) CFA
9 10 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
9 10 (0.11%) PhD
10 8 (0.092%) Master's Degree
11 7 (0.080%) MBA
12 6 (0.069%) HND
13 5 (0.057%) Sun Certification
13 5 (0.057%) Tableau Certification
14 4 (0.046%) PMP
15 3 (0.034%) DBS Check
15 3 (0.034%) ITIL Certification
15 3 (0.034%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 243 (2.79%) QA
2 114 (1.31%) Accessibility
3 52 (0.60%) PMO
4 43 (0.49%) GDPR
5 36 (0.41%) Data Quality
6 20 (0.23%) WCAG
7 18 (0.21%) SLA
8 13 (0.15%) MiFID
9 12 (0.14%) IFRS
9 12 (0.14%) SEPA
10 11 (0.13%) ISO 20022
11 8 (0.092%) IFRS 17
12 7 (0.080%) PCI DSS
13 5 (0.057%) COREP
13 5 (0.057%) CRD IV
13 5 (0.057%) EMIR
13 5 (0.057%) FINREP
14 4 (0.046%) Solvency II
15 3 (0.034%) GRC
16 2 (0.023%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 1,013 (11.63%) Docker
2 46 (0.53%) Active Directory
3 29 (0.33%) HDFS
4 17 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
5 10 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
6 7 (0.080%) GridGain
6 7 (0.080%) VMware Infrastructure
6 7 (0.080%) vSphere
7 4 (0.046%) Varnish
8 3 (0.034%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.023%) Postfix
9 2 (0.023%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 1 (0.011%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.011%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.011%) NFS
10 1 (0.011%) OpenAM
10 1 (0.011%) OpenIDM
10 1 (0.011%) XenApp
10 1 (0.011%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.011%) zsh
Systems Management
1 932 (10.70%) Kubernetes
2 347 (3.98%) Terraform
3 209 (2.40%) Ansible
4 99 (1.14%) Grafana
5 88 (1.01%) Prometheus
6 44 (0.51%) Kibana
7 31 (0.36%) Puppet
8 27 (0.31%) ITRS Geneos
9 26 (0.30%) Opscode Chef
10 20 (0.23%) Consul
11 17 (0.20%) Istio
12 16 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
12 16 (0.18%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
13 12 (0.14%) BladeLogic
13 12 (0.14%) Control-M
13 12 (0.14%) MIIS
14 8 (0.092%) Docker Swarm
14 8 (0.092%) HP Fortify
15 6 (0.069%) PowerCLI
15 6 (0.069%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 813 (9.34%) Oracle
2 633 (7.27%) Microsoft
3 199 (2.28%) Google
4 148 (1.70%) Salesforce.com
5 122 (1.40%) TIBCO
6 113 (1.30%) IBM
7 109 (1.25%) ION Trading
8 107 (1.23%) SAP
9 97 (1.11%) Databricks
10 81 (0.93%) DevExpress
11 80 (0.92%) ServiceNow
12 58 (0.67%) Sybase
13 55 (0.63%) Bloomberg
14 54 (0.62%) Adobe
15 48 (0.55%) Telerik
16 44 (0.51%) Apple
17 43 (0.49%) Sitecore
18 39 (0.45%) Atlassian
18 39 (0.45%) Splunk
19 36 (0.41%) Progress