Period
to 18 January 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 1 1 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 13,676 14,150 11,672
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 30.75% 30.43% 27.79%
As % of the Job Titles category 32.48% 32.09% 29.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,791 11,346 9,113
London median daily rate £525 £500 £451
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +10.99% +0.11%
10th Percentile £369 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £632
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 25 32
London median hourly rate £35.00 £38.50 £46.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.09% -16.76% +15.63%
10th Percentile £19.20 £15.88 £29.42
90th Percentile £59.59 £72.45 £79.43
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +8.43% +3.75% +2.56%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 42,106 44,099 39,927
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.66% 94.85% 95.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,251 32,064 28,462
London median daily rate £500 £500 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.53% +3.33%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £669 £640
England median daily rate £465 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 577 574 560
London median hourly rate £20.50 £19.92 £20.39
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.92% -2.31% +7.30%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.00 £11.78
90th Percentile £53.75 £47.83 £50.00
England median hourly rate £18.70 £18.38 £18.39
% change year-on-year +1.77% -0.05% +0.16%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 3,063 £525 +5.00% 1,112
South London +2 522 £500 +5.26% 74
West London -1 486 £475 -5.00% 665
East London 0 311 £525 - 208
North London -1 52 £450 +5.88% 42
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 5,699 (41.67%) Agile Software Development
2 4,549 (33.26%) JavaScript
3 4,518 (33.04%) Java
4 3,344 (24.45%) TDD
5 3,121 (22.82%) Finance
6 3,090 (22.59%) HTML
7 2,843 (20.79%) SQL
8 2,756 (20.15%) C#
9 2,697 (19.72%) CSS
10 2,457 (17.97%) .NET
11 2,424 (17.72%) AngularJS
12 2,127 (15.55%) React
13 2,072 (15.15%) Microservices
14 1,985 (14.51%) Git (software)
15 1,882 (13.76%) Banking
16 1,809 (13.23%) Node.js
17 1,789 (13.08%) SQL Server
18 1,646 (12.04%) Spring
19 1,594 (11.66%) Amazon AWS
20 1,583 (11.58%) REST
21 1,581 (11.56%) Front End Development
22 1,528 (11.17%) BDD
23 1,506 (11.01%) HTML5
24 1,495 (10.93%) Python
25 1,472 (10.76%) Docker
26 1,463 (10.70%) Microsoft Azure
27 1,366 (9.99%) Scrum
28 1,325 (9.69%) Continuous Integration
29 1,313 (9.60%) Test Automation
30 1,311 (9.59%) Java 8

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 485 (3.55%) Elasticsearch
2 337 (2.46%) CMS
3 336 (2.46%) Confluence
4 326 (2.38%) Apache Spark
5 248 (1.81%) Apache
6 192 (1.40%) WebSphere
7 174 (1.27%) SharePoint
8 167 (1.22%) Drupal
9 158 (1.16%) Tomcat
10 154 (1.13%) WebLogic
11 109 (0.80%) WordPress
12 104 (0.76%) Mule
13 91 (0.67%) IIS
14 82 (0.60%) OpenStack
15 81 (0.59%) Umbraco
16 74 (0.54%) Apache Solr
17 70 (0.51%) JBoss
18 68 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 65 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
20 61 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 299 (2.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 99 (0.72%) Photoshop
3 47 (0.34%) Spreadsheet
4 40 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
5 24 (0.18%) Fireworks
6 19 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
7 18 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 17 (0.12%) InfoPath
9 12 (0.088%) Chatbot
10 10 (0.073%) MS Visio
11 8 (0.058%) InVision
12 6 (0.044%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 3 (0.022%) Acrobat
13 3 (0.022%) GIMP
13 3 (0.022%) Maya
13 3 (0.022%) Microsoft Project
14 2 (0.015%) Blender
14 2 (0.015%) InDesign
14 2 (0.015%) Snapchat
14 2 (0.015%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 149 (1.09%) Dynamics CRM
2 66 (0.48%) Magento
3 36 (0.26%) ION MarketView
4 32 (0.23%) Markit EDM
5 28 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
6 21 (0.15%) Endur
7 18 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
8 17 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 16 (0.12%) PeopleSoft HCM
9 16 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
10 15 (0.11%) Cognos TM1
10 15 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
10 15 (0.11%) NetSuite
10 15 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
10 15 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
11 13 (0.095%) PeopleSoft HRMS
12 12 (0.088%) Oracle Retail
13 11 (0.080%) Oracle EBS R12
13 11 (0.080%) RMDS
13 11 (0.080%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,594 (11.66%) Amazon AWS
2 1,463 (10.70%) Microsoft Azure
3 375 (2.74%) GitHub
4 338 (2.47%) Google Cloud Platform
5 324 (2.37%) Serverless
6 185 (1.35%) AWS Lambda
7 136 (0.99%) PaaS
8 134 (0.98%) npm
9 129 (0.94%) SaaS
10 123 (0.90%) Amazon EC2
11 105 (0.77%) Dynamics 365
12 87 (0.64%) Amazon S3
13 86 (0.63%) Heroku
14 78 (0.57%) Amazon SQS
15 77 (0.56%) Azure Data Factory
16 73 (0.53%) OpenShift
17 69 (0.50%) Apigee
18 63 (0.46%) Azure Functions
19 56 (0.41%) Office 365
20 55 (0.40%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 300 (2.19%) HTTP
2 106 (0.78%) Internet
3 92 (0.67%) SSL
4 67 (0.49%) TCP/IP
5 51 (0.37%) AMQP
6 45 (0.33%) FTP
7 44 (0.32%) Kerberos
8 41 (0.30%) DNS
9 35 (0.26%) Intranet
10 25 (0.18%) HTTPS
11 22 (0.16%) Firewall
12 20 (0.15%) SMTP
13 15 (0.11%) SSH
14 12 (0.088%) FIX Connectivity
15 11 (0.080%) Reverse Proxy
16 10 (0.073%) Skype
17 9 (0.066%) BIG-IP
17 9 (0.066%) VPN
18 8 (0.058%) Network Security
19 7 (0.051%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,789 (13.08%) SQL Server
2 894 (6.54%) NoSQL
3 767 (5.61%) Relational Database
4 693 (5.07%) MySQL
5 685 (5.01%) MongoDB
6 584 (4.27%) PostgreSQL
7 546 (3.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 489 (3.58%) Data Warehouse
9 400 (2.92%) Big Data
10 398 (2.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 327 (2.39%) Apache Cassandra
12 294 (2.15%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 273 (2.00%) Power BI
14 267 (1.95%) RDBMS
15 237 (1.73%) Hadoop
16 197 (1.44%) Redis
17 175 (1.28%) Oracle Database
18 143 (1.05%) SQL Server 2012
19 140 (1.02%) SQL Server 2016
20 135 (0.99%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 1,985 (14.51%) Git (software)
2 1,216 (8.89%) Jenkins
3 713 (5.21%) JIRA
4 694 (5.07%) Maven
5 447 (3.27%) JUnit
6 395 (2.89%) Subversion
7 385 (2.82%) TeamCity
8 377 (2.76%) Cucumber
9 374 (2.73%) Selenium
10 326 (2.38%) webpack
11 284 (2.08%) gulp
12 282 (2.06%) Mockito
13 265 (1.94%) Visual Studio
14 261 (1.91%) Jasmine
15 249 (1.82%) Mocha
16 228 (1.67%) Team Foundation Server
17 196 (1.43%) Gradle
18 189 (1.38%) Karma Test Runner
19 186 (1.36%) NUnit
20 180 (1.32%) Grunt
General
1 3,121 (22.82%) Finance
2 1,882 (13.76%) Banking
3 1,182 (8.64%) Front Office
4 612 (4.47%) Investment Banking
5 473 (3.46%) Retail
6 202 (1.48%) Games
7 186 (1.36%) Marketing
8 161 (1.18%) Financial Institution
9 148 (1.08%) Advertising
10 133 (0.97%) Telecoms
11 127 (0.93%) Law
12 123 (0.90%) Back Office
13 104 (0.76%) Publishing
14 103 (0.75%) Legal
15 36 (0.26%) Manufacturing
16 35 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
17 33 (0.24%) Automotive
18 29 (0.21%) Billing
19 28 (0.20%) French Language
20 25 (0.18%) Electronics
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,090 (22.59%) HTML
2 2,697 (19.72%) CSS
3 2,457 (17.97%) .NET
4 2,424 (17.72%) AngularJS
5 2,127 (15.55%) React
6 1,809 (13.23%) Node.js
7 1,646 (12.04%) Spring
8 1,583 (11.58%) REST
9 1,506 (11.01%) HTML5
10 1,228 (8.98%) RESTful
11 1,113 (8.14%) Web Services
12 949 (6.94%) Redux
13 877 (6.41%) Spring Boot
14 843 (6.16%) CSS3
15 812 (5.94%) ASP.NET
16 796 (5.82%) jQuery
17 641 (4.69%) JSON
18 633 (4.63%) Sass
19 632 (4.62%) XML
20 544 (3.98%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 1,282 (9.37%) Greenfield Project
2 820 (6.00%) User Experience
3 694 (5.07%) Fintech
4 614 (4.49%) Analytical Skills
5 542 (3.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 510 (3.73%) Fixed Income
7 438 (3.20%) Derivative
8 401 (2.93%) Mobile App
9 336 (2.46%) Data Structures
10 328 (2.40%) Algorithms
11 306 (2.24%) Equities
12 303 (2.22%) Hedge funds
13 198 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
14 153 (1.12%) Self-Motivation
15 110 (0.80%) Linux Command Line
16 109 (0.80%) Equity Derivative
17 104 (0.76%) Market Risk
18 97 (0.71%) Credit Risk
19 70 (0.51%) Cloud Native
20 58 (0.42%) Credit Derivative
Operating Systems
1 861 (6.30%) Linux
2 588 (4.30%) Unix
3 395 (2.89%) Android
4 387 (2.83%) Apple iOS
5 370 (2.71%) Windows
6 68 (0.50%) VMS
7 49 (0.36%) Mac OS X
8 44 (0.32%) Solaris
9 40 (0.29%) Windows Server
10 26 (0.19%) Ubuntu
11 20 (0.15%) Windows 7
12 19 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 17 (0.12%) Mac OS
14 15 (0.11%) Windows 8
15 13 (0.095%) Windows 10
16 11 (0.080%) Android TV
16 11 (0.080%) CentOS
16 11 (0.080%) Windows Server 2012
17 9 (0.066%) AIX
17 9 (0.066%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,699 (41.67%) Agile Software Development
2 3,344 (24.45%) TDD
3 2,072 (15.15%) Microservices
4 1,581 (11.56%) Front End Development
5 1,528 (11.17%) BDD
6 1,366 (9.99%) Scrum
7 1,325 (9.69%) Continuous Integration
8 1,313 (9.60%) Test Automation
9 1,263 (9.24%) DevOps
10 1,243 (9.09%) OO
11 1,216 (8.89%) MVC
12 813 (5.94%) Web Development
13 806 (5.89%) Software Engineering
14 798 (5.84%) Unit Testing
15 793 (5.80%) Multithreading
16 735 (5.37%) E-Commerce
17 723 (5.29%) Business Intelligence
18 682 (4.99%) Problem-Solving
19 680 (4.97%) Analytics
20 592 (4.33%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 4,549 (33.26%) JavaScript
2 4,518 (33.04%) Java
3 2,843 (20.79%) SQL
4 2,756 (20.15%) C#
5 1,495 (10.93%) Python
6 1,311 (9.59%) Java 8
7 754 (5.51%) TypeScript
8 635 (4.64%) ES6
9 618 (4.52%) PHP
10 578 (4.23%) C++
11 532 (3.89%) Scala
12 525 (3.84%) T-SQL
13 292 (2.14%) Ruby
14 277 (2.03%) PL/SQL
15 242 (1.77%) Kotlin
16 239 (1.75%) VBA
17 208 (1.52%) Apple Swift
18 203 (1.48%) C
19 198 (1.45%) PowerShell
20 194 (1.42%) Go
Qualifications
1 583 (4.26%) Degree
2 483 (3.53%) Security Cleared
3 372 (2.72%) SC Cleared
4 191 (1.40%) Computer Science Degree
5 84 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
6 51 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
7 38 (0.28%) PhD
8 31 (0.23%) DV Cleared
9 30 (0.22%) Master's Degree
10 20 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
11 17 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
12 16 (0.12%) DBS Check
13 14 (0.10%) ISTQB
14 11 (0.080%) ITIL Certification
14 11 (0.080%) Sun Certification
15 10 (0.073%) AWS Certification
16 8 (0.058%) ISEB
17 5 (0.037%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 5 (0.037%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
17 5 (0.037%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 446 (3.26%) QA
2 50 (0.37%) Data Quality
3 32 (0.23%) GDPR
4 31 (0.23%) WCAG
5 28 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
6 20 (0.15%) SLA
7 15 (0.11%) MiFID
7 15 (0.11%) PSD2
8 11 (0.080%) IFRS
9 10 (0.073%) Basel III
10 9 (0.066%) EMIR
10 9 (0.066%) IFRS 9
11 6 (0.044%) ISO 20022
12 5 (0.037%) HL7
12 5 (0.037%) Solvency II
13 4 (0.029%) PCI DSS
13 4 (0.029%) PMO
13 4 (0.029%) WAI
14 3 (0.022%) COREP
14 3 (0.022%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 1,472 (10.76%) Docker
2 57 (0.42%) VMware Infrastructure
3 54 (0.39%) HDFS
4 47 (0.34%) vSphere
5 35 (0.26%) Active Directory
6 23 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 23 (0.17%) OpenAM
7 19 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
8 16 (0.12%) OpenDJ
9 13 (0.095%) Virtual Machines
10 8 (0.058%) Apache Flume
11 5 (0.037%) Microsoft App-V
11 5 (0.037%) Time Sharing Option
11 5 (0.037%) VirtualBox
12 4 (0.029%) Hyper-V
12 4 (0.029%) OpenIDM
13 3 (0.022%) SRDF
13 3 (0.022%) Xen
14 2 (0.015%) Shibboleth
14 2 (0.015%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 715 (5.23%) Kubernetes
2 397 (2.90%) Ansible
3 239 (1.75%) Terraform
4 175 (1.28%) Puppet
5 155 (1.13%) Opscode Chef
6 61 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
7 55 (0.40%) Kibana
8 41 (0.30%) Prometheus
9 38 (0.28%) logstash
10 36 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
10 36 (0.26%) Grafana
10 36 (0.26%) Mesos
11 28 (0.20%) Rancher
12 26 (0.19%) Marathon
13 23 (0.17%) Hadoop YARN
14 20 (0.15%) CA Single Sign-On
15 18 (0.13%) CloudHub
16 14 (0.10%) Oracle Identity Management
16 14 (0.10%) Oracle Identity Manager
17 13 (0.095%) Control-M
Vendors
1 1,034 (7.56%) Oracle
2 909 (6.65%) Microsoft
3 420 (3.07%) Google
4 197 (1.44%) Tableau
5 166 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
6 164 (1.20%) Splunk
7 157 (1.15%) IBM
8 151 (1.10%) ServiceNow
9 127 (0.93%) MuleSoft
10 120 (0.88%) Sybase
11 115 (0.84%) Adobe
11 115 (0.84%) SAP
12 105 (0.77%) TIBCO
13 84 (0.61%) Atlassian
14 66 (0.48%) VMware
15 62 (0.45%) Sitecore
16 61 (0.45%) ION Trading
17 60 (0.44%) hybris
18 55 (0.40%) Bloomberg
18 55 (0.40%) Informatica