Period
to 5 December 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
5 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 1 1 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 10,040 14,917 14,643
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 28.77% 31.93% 30.86%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.75% 33.66% 32.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,726 11,780 11,643
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £375 £369 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £669
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 31 24
London median hourly rate £51.50 £40.00 £39.65
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.75% +0.90% -13.82%
10th Percentile £14.56 £19.00 £15.23
90th Percentile £78.75 £100.75 £55.85
England median hourly rate £42.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -6.67% +5.88% +6.25%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 32,651 44,312 45,063
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.56% 94.86% 94.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,416 32,037 32,718
London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.10% +8.00%
10th Percentile £300 £313 £300
90th Percentile £675 £675 £663
England median daily rate £463 £455 £450
% change year-on-year +1.65% +1.11% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 477 617 549
London median hourly rate £21.56 £20.00 £20.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.80% -2.44% +6.60%
10th Percentile £12.44 £12.65 £12.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £47.83
England median hourly rate £19.31 £18.38 £18.70
% change year-on-year +5.07% -1.72% +2.47%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 5 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 2,197 £525 - 1,023
West London 0 394 £475 - 433
South London -1 333 £463 -7.50% 92
East London +1 143 £550 +2.33% 165
North London +1 51 £450 - 34
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 5 December 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 3,975 (39.59%) Agile Software Development
2 3,298 (32.85%) JavaScript
3 2,918 (29.06%) Java
4 2,313 (23.04%) SQL
5 2,287 (22.78%) Finance
6 2,221 (22.12%) TDD
7 2,030 (20.22%) HTML
8 1,913 (19.05%) C#
9 1,833 (18.26%) CSS
10 1,692 (16.85%) .NET
11 1,688 (16.81%) React
12 1,583 (15.77%) AngularJS
13 1,574 (15.68%) Python
14 1,572 (15.66%) Microservices
15 1,358 (13.53%) AWS
16 1,294 (12.89%) Azure
17 1,235 (12.30%) Node.js
18 1,207 (12.02%) SQL Server
19 1,202 (11.97%) Banking
20 1,144 (11.39%) Git (software)
21 1,113 (11.09%) Front End Development
22 1,079 (10.75%) DevOps
23 1,042 (10.38%) Scrum
24 1,028 (10.24%) Docker
25 905 (9.01%) Spring
26 903 (8.99%) Continuous Integration
27 885 (8.81%) Web Services
27 885 (8.81%) REST
28 872 (8.69%) BDD
29 845 (8.42%) Greenfield Project

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 264 (2.63%) Elasticsearch
2 229 (2.28%) Confluence
3 210 (2.09%) CMS
4 192 (1.91%) Apache Spark
5 163 (1.62%) SharePoint
6 149 (1.48%) Apache
7 80 (0.80%) Drupal
8 70 (0.70%) IIS
9 67 (0.67%) WordPress
10 54 (0.54%) Umbraco
11 53 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
12 49 (0.49%) Tomcat
13 47 (0.47%) SAS
14 46 (0.46%) WebLogic
15 45 (0.45%) JBoss
16 35 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 31 (0.31%) nginx
17 31 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
18 29 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 27 (0.27%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 204 (2.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 50 (0.50%) Photoshop
3 42 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
4 26 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
5 25 (0.25%) Sketch
6 18 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 14 (0.14%) Chatbot
7 14 (0.14%) Zeplin
8 10 (0.100%) MS Visio
8 10 (0.100%) Spreadsheet
9 8 (0.080%) XMetaL
10 6 (0.060%) Adobe XD
10 6 (0.060%) InfoPath
10 6 (0.060%) InVision
11 5 (0.050%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 2 (0.020%) Lectora
12 2 (0.020%) UXPin
13 1 (0.010%) 3ds Max
13 1 (0.010%) Adobe After Effects
13 1 (0.010%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 137 (1.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 46 (0.46%) Magento
3 29 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
4 27 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
5 26 (0.26%) FINCAD Analytics
6 21 (0.21%) BusinessWorks
7 20 (0.20%) ION MarketView
8 19 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
9 18 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
9 18 (0.18%) Shopify
10 17 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
11 16 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
12 15 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
12 15 (0.15%) Oracle Internet Expenses
12 15 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 14 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
14 13 (0.13%) Oracle Assets
14 13 (0.13%) Oracle FAH
14 13 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
14 13 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,358 (13.53%) AWS
2 1,294 (12.89%) Azure
3 394 (3.92%) Power Platform
4 378 (3.76%) Serverless
5 364 (3.63%) GCP
6 253 (2.52%) GitHub
7 233 (2.32%) AWS Lambda
8 151 (1.50%) Amazon S3
9 130 (1.29%) OpenShift
10 129 (1.28%) npm
11 127 (1.26%) Dynamics 365
12 110 (1.10%) Amazon EC2
13 107 (1.07%) SaaS
14 105 (1.05%) PaaS
15 92 (0.92%) Azure Data Factory
16 91 (0.91%) Amazon SQS
17 90 (0.90%) Azure Functions
18 88 (0.88%) Office 365
19 70 (0.70%) Amazon ECS
19 70 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 164 (1.63%) HTTP
2 45 (0.45%) TCP/IP
3 44 (0.44%) Internet
4 39 (0.39%) FTP
5 26 (0.26%) SSL
6 24 (0.24%) HTTPS
7 19 (0.19%) DNS
7 19 (0.19%) Multicast
8 18 (0.18%) AMQP
9 14 (0.14%) Kerberos
9 14 (0.14%) Skype
10 13 (0.13%) Intranet
11 11 (0.11%) Firewall
12 9 (0.090%) Bluetooth
13 8 (0.080%) MQTT
13 8 (0.080%) SSH
14 7 (0.070%) SMTP
14 7 (0.070%) Wi-Fi
15 6 (0.060%) Reverse Proxy
15 6 (0.060%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,207 (12.02%) SQL Server
2 510 (5.08%) PostgreSQL
3 490 (4.88%) NoSQL
4 464 (4.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 449 (4.47%) MySQL
6 386 (3.84%) Data Warehouse
7 385 (3.83%) Power BI
8 382 (3.80%) Relational Database
9 338 (3.37%) MongoDB
10 300 (2.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 244 (2.43%) Big Data
12 214 (2.13%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 171 (1.70%) Oracle Database
14 161 (1.60%) Hadoop
15 140 (1.39%) RDBMS
16 136 (1.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 127 (1.26%) Redis
18 108 (1.08%) Apache Cassandra
18 108 (1.08%) Data Lake
19 104 (1.04%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 1,144 (11.39%) Git (software)
2 676 (6.73%) Jenkins
3 479 (4.77%) JIRA
4 308 (3.07%) Maven
5 286 (2.85%) JUnit
6 278 (2.77%) TeamCity
7 233 (2.32%) webpack
8 219 (2.18%) Visual Studio
9 207 (2.06%) Selenium
10 185 (1.84%) Team Foundation Server
11 170 (1.69%) Cucumber
12 166 (1.65%) Mockito
13 138 (1.37%) gulp
14 133 (1.32%) Bitbucket
15 132 (1.31%) Subversion
16 119 (1.19%) Jasmine
17 117 (1.17%) Mocha
18 110 (1.10%) Gradle
19 108 (1.08%) Octopus Deploy
20 85 (0.85%) NUnit
General
1 2,287 (22.78%) Finance
2 1,202 (11.97%) Banking
3 823 (8.20%) Front Office
4 381 (3.79%) Investment Banking
5 297 (2.96%) Retail
6 245 (2.44%) Public Sector
7 235 (2.34%) Marketing
8 132 (1.31%) Games
9 127 (1.26%) Law
10 96 (0.96%) Back Office
11 80 (0.80%) Financial Institution
12 78 (0.78%) Advertising
13 72 (0.72%) Publishing
14 64 (0.64%) Telecoms
15 57 (0.57%) Legal
16 42 (0.42%) Retail Banking
17 34 (0.34%) Manufacturing
18 27 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
19 24 (0.24%) Electronics
20 19 (0.19%) Automotive
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,030 (20.22%) HTML
2 1,833 (18.26%) CSS
3 1,692 (16.85%) .NET
4 1,688 (16.81%) React
5 1,583 (15.77%) AngularJS
6 1,235 (12.30%) Node.js
7 905 (9.01%) Spring
8 885 (8.81%) REST
8 885 (8.81%) Web Services
9 777 (7.74%) HTML5
10 757 (7.54%) RESTful
11 689 (6.86%) Redux
12 574 (5.72%) Kafka
13 495 (4.93%) ASP.NET
14 470 (4.68%) CSS3
14 470 (4.68%) Spring Boot
15 413 (4.11%) JSON
16 408 (4.06%) jQuery
17 377 (3.75%) .NET Core
18 376 (3.75%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 845 (8.42%) Greenfield Project
2 601 (5.99%) User Experience
3 452 (4.50%) Analytical Skills
4 358 (3.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 312 (3.11%) Mobile App
6 310 (3.09%) Derivative
7 286 (2.85%) Equities
8 281 (2.80%) Fixed Income
9 228 (2.27%) Hedge funds
10 191 (1.90%) Algorithms
11 180 (1.79%) Data Structures
12 139 (1.38%) Self-Motivation
13 138 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
14 98 (0.98%) Equity Derivative
15 87 (0.87%) Virtual Team
16 65 (0.65%) Linux Command Line
17 59 (0.59%) Public Cloud
18 58 (0.58%) W3C
19 54 (0.54%) Credit Risk
20 50 (0.50%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 608 (6.06%) Linux
2 338 (3.37%) Android
3 311 (3.10%) Unix
4 309 (3.08%) Apple iOS
5 213 (2.12%) Windows
6 34 (0.34%) Mac OS
7 22 (0.22%) AIX
7 22 (0.22%) tvOS
8 21 (0.21%) Mac OS X
9 18 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 16 (0.16%) Windows 10
11 14 (0.14%) Solaris
12 13 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
12 13 (0.13%) VMS
13 10 (0.100%) Windows Server 2012
14 8 (0.080%) Windows Server
15 5 (0.050%) Ubuntu
16 4 (0.040%) CentOS
17 2 (0.020%) Debian
17 2 (0.020%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,975 (39.59%) Agile Software Development
2 2,221 (22.12%) TDD
3 1,572 (15.66%) Microservices
4 1,113 (11.09%) Front End Development
5 1,079 (10.75%) DevOps
6 1,042 (10.38%) Scrum
7 903 (8.99%) Continuous Integration
8 872 (8.69%) BDD
9 775 (7.72%) Test Automation
10 753 (7.50%) Software Engineering
11 701 (6.98%) MVC
12 698 (6.95%) Business Intelligence
12 698 (6.95%) OO
13 572 (5.70%) Fintech
14 558 (5.56%) Unit Testing
15 546 (5.44%) Analytics
16 483 (4.81%) Problem-Solving
17 461 (4.59%) ETL
18 459 (4.57%) Web Development
19 456 (4.54%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 3,298 (32.85%) JavaScript
2 2,918 (29.06%) Java
3 2,313 (23.04%) SQL
4 1,913 (19.05%) C#
5 1,574 (15.68%) Python
6 688 (6.85%) TypeScript
7 574 (5.72%) Java 8
8 416 (4.14%) PHP
9 413 (4.11%) Ruby
10 406 (4.04%) Scala
11 398 (3.96%) ES6
12 378 (3.76%) C++
13 300 (2.99%) T-SQL
14 259 (2.58%) Kotlin
15 236 (2.35%) PL/SQL
16 178 (1.77%) Apple Swift
17 176 (1.75%) Go
18 164 (1.63%) R
19 158 (1.57%) PowerShell
20 131 (1.30%) VBA
Qualifications
1 454 (4.52%) Security Cleared
2 419 (4.17%) Degree
3 365 (3.64%) SC Cleared
4 151 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (0.32%) Master's Degree
6 30 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
7 26 (0.26%) DV Cleared
8 19 (0.19%) DBS Check
9 15 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
9 15 (0.15%) PhD
10 13 (0.13%) BC Cleared
11 12 (0.12%) AWS Certification
12 11 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
13 9 (0.090%) Numerate Degree
14 7 (0.070%) ISTQB
15 6 (0.060%) ISEB
15 6 (0.060%) ITIL Certification
16 5 (0.050%) MCSE
17 4 (0.040%) A+ Certification
17 4 (0.040%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 256 (2.55%) QA
2 84 (0.84%) WCAG
3 55 (0.55%) Data Quality
4 42 (0.42%) MiFID
5 31 (0.31%) GDPR
6 17 (0.17%) EMIR
7 16 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 12 (0.12%) SLA
9 9 (0.090%) PMO
10 8 (0.080%) PSD2
11 6 (0.060%) Dodd-Frank
12 5 (0.050%) GAAP
12 5 (0.050%) IFRS
13 4 (0.040%) Disclosure Scotland
13 4 (0.040%) HL7
14 3 (0.030%) COBIT
14 3 (0.030%) COREP
14 3 (0.030%) IFRS 9
15 2 (0.020%) CRD IV
15 2 (0.020%) WAI
System Software
1 1,028 (10.24%) Docker
2 59 (0.59%) Active Directory
3 27 (0.27%) HDFS
3 27 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
5 20 (0.20%) vSphere
6 19 (0.19%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 8 (0.080%) OpenAM
7 8 (0.080%) OpenDJ
7 8 (0.080%) VirtualBox
8 7 (0.070%) Postfix
9 6 (0.060%) Oracle RAC
9 6 (0.060%) Varnish
10 4 (0.040%) Firmware
10 4 (0.040%) GridGain
10 4 (0.040%) VMware ESXi
11 3 (0.030%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.030%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 2 (0.020%) BusyBox
12 2 (0.020%) zsh
Systems Management
1 622 (6.20%) Kubernetes
2 223 (2.22%) Terraform
3 157 (1.56%) Ansible
4 37 (0.37%) Puppet
5 29 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
6 28 (0.28%) Grafana
7 24 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
7 24 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
7 24 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
8 21 (0.21%) Kibana
9 20 (0.20%) Control-M
10 19 (0.19%) Tivoli
11 18 (0.18%) logstash
12 17 (0.17%) Microsoft Intune
13 16 (0.16%) MIIS
14 12 (0.12%) Prometheus
15 9 (0.090%) Mesos
16 8 (0.080%) Consul
16 8 (0.080%) Marathon
16 8 (0.080%) Packer
Vendors
1 835 (8.32%) Microsoft
2 667 (6.64%) Oracle
3 349 (3.48%) Google
4 278 (2.77%) Salesforce.com
5 226 (2.25%) Tableau
6 124 (1.24%) SAP
7 110 (1.10%) ServiceNow
8 88 (0.88%) IBM
9 85 (0.85%) Sybase
10 77 (0.77%) Sitecore
11 72 (0.72%) MuleSoft
11 72 (0.72%) TIBCO
12 69 (0.69%) Apple
13 68 (0.68%) Informatica
14 67 (0.67%) Adobe
15 58 (0.58%) Atlassian
16 54 (0.54%) Cognos
17 51 (0.51%) VMware
18 49 (0.49%) Splunk
19 47 (0.47%) Xamarin