Period
to 29 September 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
29 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 1 1 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 4,060 10,928 14,674
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 30.18% 28.91% 32.26%
As % of the Job Titles category 32.94% 30.75% 34.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,239 8,737 11,609
Median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £354 £363 £363
90th Percentile £731 £688 £675
England median daily rate £488 £475 £473
% change year-on-year +2.63% +0.53% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 34 39
Median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.00% +11.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £22.20 £18.05 £19.20
90th Percentile £54.00 £122.50 £100.75
England median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £43.50
% change year-on-year -20.45% +1.15% +2.35%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 12,327 35,542 43,025
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.63% 94.04% 94.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,325 25,453 31,157
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £313 £313 £313
90th Percentile £713 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 171 487 578
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.40 £19.21
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +63.59% +11.37% -6.29%
10th Percentile £17.96 £12.04 £13.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £55.50 £52.88
Median hourly rate £30.00 £20.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year +50.00% +11.11% -3.74%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 29 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 572 £550 +4.76% 534
West London 0 81 £500 +5.26% 177
South London -5 70 £525 +16.67% 23
East London -3 18 £375 -31.82% 91
North London -4 6 £450 - 10
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 29 September 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 1,631 (40.17%) Java
2 1,554 (38.28%) Agile Software Development
3 1,261 (31.06%) Finance
4 1,078 (26.55%) JavaScript
5 942 (23.20%) Banking
6 908 (22.36%) Python
7 888 (21.87%) SQL
8 858 (21.13%) AWS
9 798 (19.66%) Azure
10 760 (18.72%) Front Office
11 669 (16.48%) Microservices
12 644 (15.86%) React
13 640 (15.76%) AngularJS
14 633 (15.59%) C#
15 624 (15.37%) DevOps
16 618 (15.22%) TDD
17 609 (15.00%) Web Services
18 597 (14.70%) Software Engineering
19 574 (14.14%) .NET
20 559 (13.77%) HTML
21 539 (13.28%) Git (software)
22 535 (13.18%) Fixed Income
23 523 (12.88%) Investment Banking
24 520 (12.81%) Docker
25 482 (11.87%) SQL Server
26 475 (11.70%) CSS
27 434 (10.69%) Spring
28 430 (10.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
29 416 (10.25%) Asset Management
30 404 (9.95%) Node.js

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (2.54%) Apache Spark
2 102 (2.51%) Apache
3 79 (1.95%) Elasticsearch
4 68 (1.67%) SharePoint
5 57 (1.40%) Confluence
6 44 (1.08%) Mule
7 42 (1.03%) CMS
8 38 (0.94%) Red Hat Fuse
9 33 (0.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 29 (0.71%) JBoss
11 27 (0.67%) WebLogic
12 26 (0.64%) WebSphere
13 20 (0.49%) Appian
14 19 (0.47%) Oracle Workflow
15 18 (0.44%) IIS
16 16 (0.39%) Tomcat
17 15 (0.37%) WordPress
18 14 (0.34%) Apache Pig
18 14 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
19 12 (0.30%) Drupal
Applications
1 57 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.52%) Photoshop
3 17 (0.42%) Chatbot
4 11 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
5 9 (0.22%) Acrobat
6 5 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 5 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.074%) Adobe XD
7 3 (0.074%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.049%) Adobe Captivate
8 2 (0.049%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.049%) InVision
8 2 (0.049%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.049%) Zeplin
9 1 (0.025%) 3ds Max
9 1 (0.025%) Blender
9 1 (0.025%) Maya
9 1 (0.025%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 33 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.49%) ION MarketView
3 19 (0.47%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 15 (0.37%) Magento
4 15 (0.37%) SunGard Martini
5 13 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
5 13 (0.32%) Oracle ERP
6 9 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
7 6 (0.15%) NetSuite
8 5 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
8 5 (0.12%) Lawson
8 5 (0.12%) Markit EDM
8 5 (0.12%) Shopify
8 5 (0.12%) Siebel CRM
9 4 (0.099%) Distributed Ledger
9 4 (0.099%) RMDS
9 4 (0.099%) SAP S/4HANA
9 4 (0.099%) Temenos T24
10 3 (0.074%) Endur
10 3 (0.074%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 858 (21.13%) AWS
2 798 (19.66%) Azure
3 323 (7.96%) GCP
4 231 (5.69%) Serverless
5 200 (4.93%) AWS Lambda
6 132 (3.25%) Power Platform
7 108 (2.66%) Amazon S3
8 102 (2.51%) Amazon EC2
9 84 (2.07%) Amazon ECS
9 84 (2.07%) GitHub
10 57 (1.40%) Apigee
11 54 (1.33%) Dynamics 365
12 51 (1.26%) SaaS
13 50 (1.23%) OpenShift
14 44 (1.08%) PaaS
15 42 (1.03%) Amazon SQS
16 37 (0.91%) AWS CloudFormation
17 33 (0.81%) Office 365
18 32 (0.79%) Azure Data Factory
19 31 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 38 (0.94%) HTTP
2 37 (0.91%) HTTPS
3 29 (0.71%) SSL
4 16 (0.39%) DNS
5 14 (0.34%) VPN
6 13 (0.32%) Firewall
7 12 (0.30%) Internet
8 10 (0.25%) TCP/IP
9 9 (0.22%) DMZ
10 7 (0.17%) FIX Connectivity
11 6 (0.15%) Multicast
11 6 (0.15%) RTMP
12 5 (0.12%) WebEx
13 4 (0.099%) Skype
14 3 (0.074%) DSL
14 3 (0.074%) Kerberos
15 2 (0.049%) DVB
15 2 (0.049%) FTP
15 2 (0.049%) Intranet
15 2 (0.049%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 482 (11.87%) SQL Server
2 209 (5.15%) MongoDB
3 185 (4.56%) NoSQL
4 182 (4.48%) MySQL
5 180 (4.43%) PostgreSQL
6 179 (4.41%) Relational Database
7 123 (3.03%) Data Warehouse
8 119 (2.93%) Power BI
9 114 (2.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 103 (2.54%) Big Data
11 77 (1.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 70 (1.72%) Amazon Redshift
13 68 (1.67%) Redis
13 68 (1.67%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 62 (1.53%) Hadoop
15 54 (1.33%) Amazon RDS
16 53 (1.31%) RDBMS
17 50 (1.23%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 45 (1.11%) Oracle Database
19 38 (0.94%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 539 (13.28%) Git (software)
2 342 (8.42%) Jenkins
3 145 (3.57%) Maven
4 129 (3.18%) JIRA
5 114 (2.81%) JUnit
6 80 (1.97%) GitLab
7 78 (1.92%) Subversion
8 75 (1.85%) Artifactory
9 74 (1.82%) RStudio
10 65 (1.60%) Mockito
11 58 (1.43%) Cucumber
12 53 (1.31%) TeamCity
13 49 (1.21%) Gradle
14 47 (1.16%) Jasmine
15 42 (1.03%) gulp
15 42 (1.03%) Visual Studio
16 40 (0.99%) webpack
17 39 (0.96%) Selenium
18 36 (0.89%) Team Foundation Server
18 36 (0.89%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,261 (31.06%) Finance
2 942 (23.20%) Banking
3 760 (18.72%) Front Office
4 523 (12.88%) Investment Banking
5 166 (4.09%) Public Sector
6 85 (2.09%) Marketing
7 61 (1.50%) Financial Institution
8 53 (1.31%) Games
9 44 (1.08%) Telecoms
10 43 (1.06%) Retail
11 42 (1.03%) Law
12 36 (0.89%) Back Office
13 31 (0.76%) Advertising
14 30 (0.74%) Manufacturing
15 26 (0.64%) Electronics
16 22 (0.54%) Retail Banking
17 18 (0.44%) French Language
18 13 (0.32%) Local Government
19 10 (0.25%) Police
20 9 (0.22%) Billing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 644 (15.86%) React
2 640 (15.76%) AngularJS
3 609 (15.00%) Web Services
4 574 (14.14%) .NET
5 559 (13.77%) HTML
6 475 (11.70%) CSS
7 434 (10.69%) Spring
8 404 (9.95%) Node.js
9 356 (8.77%) REST
10 259 (6.38%) Vue.js
11 249 (6.13%) HTML5
12 222 (5.47%) Spring Boot
13 220 (5.42%) Kafka
13 220 (5.42%) RESTful
14 174 (4.29%) ASP.NET
15 164 (4.04%) Redux
16 143 (3.52%) .NET Core
17 108 (2.66%) JSON
18 107 (2.64%) .NET Framework
19 106 (2.61%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 535 (13.18%) Fixed Income
2 430 (10.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 390 (9.61%) Derivative
4 319 (7.86%) Equities
5 299 (7.36%) Hedge funds
6 242 (5.96%) Greenfield Project
7 233 (5.74%) User Experience
8 174 (4.29%) Analytical Skills
9 78 (1.92%) Mobile App
10 72 (1.77%) Algorithms
11 70 (1.72%) Data Structures
12 39 (0.96%) Enterprise Software
13 38 (0.94%) Virtual Team
14 37 (0.91%) Credit Derivative
15 35 (0.86%) Market Risk
16 32 (0.79%) Self-Motivation
17 31 (0.76%) Blog
18 30 (0.74%) Public Cloud
19 29 (0.71%) Credit Risk
20 28 (0.69%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 374 (9.21%) Linux
2 146 (3.60%) Unix
3 140 (3.45%) Apple iOS
4 136 (3.35%) Android
5 96 (2.36%) Windows
6 46 (1.13%) Mac OS X
7 21 (0.52%) Windows Server
8 10 (0.25%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.20%) CentOS
10 7 (0.17%) tvOS
11 4 (0.099%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.074%) Embedded Linux
12 3 (0.074%) Fedora
13 2 (0.049%) Android TV
13 2 (0.049%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 2 (0.049%) Solaris
13 2 (0.049%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.049%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.049%) zOS
14 1 (0.025%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,554 (38.28%) Agile Software Development
2 669 (16.48%) Microservices
3 624 (15.37%) DevOps
4 618 (15.22%) TDD
5 597 (14.70%) Software Engineering
6 416 (10.25%) Asset Management
7 377 (9.29%) Test Automation
8 357 (8.79%) Scrum
9 352 (8.67%) Front End Development
10 280 (6.90%) Investment Management
11 267 (6.58%) OO
12 261 (6.43%) BDD
13 260 (6.40%) Multithreading
14 241 (5.94%) Problem-Solving
15 219 (5.39%) SDLC
16 209 (5.15%) Business Intelligence
17 200 (4.93%) Analytics
18 197 (4.85%) Continuous Integration
19 190 (4.68%) Low Latency
20 189 (4.66%) Electronic Trading
Programming Languages
1 1,631 (40.17%) Java
2 1,078 (26.55%) JavaScript
3 908 (22.36%) Python
4 888 (21.87%) SQL
5 633 (15.59%) C#
6 280 (6.90%) Java 8
7 266 (6.55%) TypeScript
8 245 (6.03%) C++
9 223 (5.49%) Kotlin
10 153 (3.77%) Scala
11 124 (3.05%) T-SQL
12 111 (2.73%) PHP
13 92 (2.27%) R
14 79 (1.95%) Apple Swift
15 67 (1.65%) VBA
16 66 (1.63%) C
17 59 (1.45%) ES6
18 56 (1.38%) PL/SQL
18 56 (1.38%) Ruby
19 54 (1.33%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 293 (7.22%) Security Cleared
2 235 (5.79%) SC Cleared
3 174 (4.29%) Degree
4 77 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
5 39 (0.96%) DV Cleared
6 28 (0.69%) Master's Degree
7 20 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
8 17 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
9 11 (0.27%) DBS Check
10 9 (0.22%) PhD
11 4 (0.099%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.074%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.049%) Sun Certification
14 1 (0.025%) CISSP
14 1 (0.025%) HNC
14 1 (0.025%) HND
14 1 (0.025%) IBM Certification
14 1 (0.025%) ISEB
14 1 (0.025%) MCSE
14 1 (0.025%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 117 (2.88%) QA
2 34 (0.84%) WCAG
3 28 (0.69%) Data Quality
4 14 (0.34%) MiFID
5 9 (0.22%) GDPR
6 6 (0.15%) Solvency II
7 5 (0.12%) PSD2
7 5 (0.12%) SLA
8 3 (0.074%) Government Security Classifications
8 3 (0.074%) ISO 9001
8 3 (0.074%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.049%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.049%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.049%) PMO
10 1 (0.025%) COREP
10 1 (0.025%) DICOM
10 1 (0.025%) EMIR
10 1 (0.025%) FINREP
10 1 (0.025%) HL7
10 1 (0.025%) WAI
System Software
1 520 (12.81%) Docker
2 22 (0.54%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.074%) GridGain
4 3 (0.074%) LXC
5 2 (0.049%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.049%) KVM
5 2 (0.049%) Postfix
6 1 (0.025%) Ceph
6 1 (0.025%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.025%) NFS
6 1 (0.025%) Samba
6 1 (0.025%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 1 (0.025%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.025%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.025%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 399 (9.83%) Kubernetes
2 111 (2.73%) Terraform
3 37 (0.91%) Ansible
4 30 (0.74%) Prometheus
5 29 (0.71%) Kibana
6 24 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
7 21 (0.52%) logstash
8 20 (0.49%) Zipkin
9 16 (0.39%) Opscode Chef
10 13 (0.32%) Grafana
11 9 (0.22%) Control-M
12 8 (0.20%) Puppet
13 7 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
14 4 (0.099%) Nessus
14 4 (0.099%) Salt
14 4 (0.099%) TeamSite
15 3 (0.074%) Consul
15 3 (0.074%) linkerd
15 3 (0.074%) Mesos
15 3 (0.074%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 284 (7.00%) Oracle
2 254 (6.26%) Microsoft
3 209 (5.15%) Google
4 90 (2.22%) Salesforce.com
5 70 (1.72%) Databricks
6 51 (1.26%) SAP
7 46 (1.13%) Sybase
8 42 (1.03%) ION Trading
9 41 (1.01%) Splunk
9 41 (1.01%) Tableau
10 35 (0.86%) MuleSoft
11 32 (0.79%) Murex
12 31 (0.76%) Adobe
12 31 (0.76%) Bloomberg
13 30 (0.74%) IBM
14 22 (0.54%) ServiceNow
15 21 (0.52%) StreamSets
16 19 (0.47%) AppDynamics
16 19 (0.47%) DevExpress
17 18 (0.44%) Atlassian