Period
to 15 January 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
15 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 1 1 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 4,948 8,794 13,703
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 28.48% 28.82% 30.87%
As % of the Job Titles category 31.02% 30.81% 32.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,423 6,927 11,060
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £350 £375 £363
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 40 20
Median hourly rate £40.50 £55.99 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -27.66% +31.74% +36.90%
10th Percentile £21.25 £14.34 £18.95
90th Percentile £68.00 £78.75 £59.17
England median hourly rate £47.50 £46.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 15,952 28,539 42,052
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.80% 93.53% 94.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,464 20,841 30,618
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £313 £300 £313
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
England median daily rate £475 £463 £463
% change year-on-year +2.70% - +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 134 387 515
Median hourly rate £33.52 £21.00 £19.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +59.60% +9.09% +2.94%
10th Percentile £18.15 £12.44 £12.50
90th Percentile £63.93 £52.50 £47.50
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.00 £17.70
% change year-on-year +25.00% +1.69% -1.67%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 15 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 634 £550 +4.76% 634
West London 0 81 £510 +6.69% 194
South London -6 47 £500 +5.26% 30
East London 0 31 £505 -8.18% 106
North London -10 1 £488 +2.63% 12
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 15 January 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 1,867 (37.73%) Agile Software Development
2 1,812 (36.62%) Java
3 1,496 (30.23%) JavaScript
4 1,426 (28.82%) Finance
5 1,078 (21.79%) AWS
6 1,025 (20.72%) Python
7 964 (19.48%) Banking
8 943 (19.06%) SQL
9 904 (18.27%) Front Office
10 900 (18.19%) React
11 862 (17.42%) Azure
12 801 (16.19%) TDD
13 784 (15.84%) Software Engineering
14 778 (15.72%) Microservices
15 727 (14.69%) Docker
16 723 (14.61%) Web Services
17 714 (14.43%) AngularJS
18 707 (14.29%) HTML
19 692 (13.99%) Node.js
20 687 (13.88%) .NET
21 676 (13.66%) C#
22 650 (13.14%) CSS
23 592 (11.96%) Git (software)
24 589 (11.90%) Spring
25 584 (11.80%) Kubernetes
26 581 (11.74%) DevOps
27 503 (10.17%) REST
28 466 (9.42%) Investment Banking
29 455 (9.20%) Asset Management
30 446 (9.01%) Fixed Income

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 148 (2.99%) Apache
2 126 (2.55%) Apache Spark
3 119 (2.41%) Mule
4 90 (1.82%) Red Hat Fuse
5 82 (1.66%) Confluence
6 77 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
7 68 (1.37%) CMS
8 54 (1.09%) JBoss
9 46 (0.93%) WebSphere
10 42 (0.85%) SharePoint
11 34 (0.69%) WordPress
12 25 (0.51%) Appian
13 24 (0.49%) BizTalk Server
13 24 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 22 (0.44%) Tomcat
15 20 (0.40%) Drupal
16 19 (0.38%) NServiceBus
17 17 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
17 17 (0.34%) WebSphere Application Server
18 16 (0.32%) WebLogic
Applications
1 63 (1.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
3 12 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (0.24%) Photoshop
4 7 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 6 (0.12%) Adobe XD
5 6 (0.12%) Zeplin
6 4 (0.081%) Sketch
7 3 (0.061%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.061%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.061%) InVision
7 3 (0.061%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.061%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.040%) Adobe Captivate
9 1 (0.020%) Adobe After Effects
9 1 (0.020%) Blender
9 1 (0.020%) Maya
9 1 (0.020%) MS Visio
9 1 (0.020%) Quicktime
9 1 (0.020%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 46 (0.93%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.46%) ION MarketView
3 16 (0.32%) Magento
4 14 (0.28%) SunGard Martini
5 9 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
5 9 (0.18%) Shopify
6 8 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
7 7 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
7 7 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 6 (0.12%) Markit EDM
8 6 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
9 5 (0.10%) Lawson
9 5 (0.10%) Maximo
9 5 (0.10%) thinkFolio
10 4 (0.081%) FINCAD Analytics
10 4 (0.081%) Payment Gateway
10 4 (0.081%) RMDS
10 4 (0.081%) SAP Hybris
10 4 (0.081%) Temenos T24
11 3 (0.061%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 1,078 (21.79%) AWS
2 862 (17.42%) Azure
3 410 (8.29%) Serverless
4 365 (7.38%) GCP
5 293 (5.92%) AWS Lambda
6 183 (3.70%) Amazon S3
7 152 (3.07%) Power Platform
8 141 (2.85%) GitHub
9 116 (2.34%) Amazon EC2
10 92 (1.86%) Amazon SQS
11 71 (1.43%) AWS Step Functions
12 62 (1.25%) SaaS
13 61 (1.23%) Apigee
14 56 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
15 52 (1.05%) Dynamics 365
16 50 (1.01%) Amazon ECS
17 48 (0.97%) Azure Functions
17 48 (0.97%) PaaS
18 46 (0.93%) npm
19 43 (0.87%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 62 (1.25%) HTTP
2 23 (0.46%) Internet
3 19 (0.38%) Multicast
4 17 (0.34%) TCP/IP
5 15 (0.30%) HTTPS
6 14 (0.28%) Firewall
7 12 (0.24%) SSL
8 10 (0.20%) DNS
9 8 (0.16%) VPN
10 7 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
11 6 (0.12%) AMQP
11 6 (0.12%) FTP
12 5 (0.10%) DVB
12 5 (0.10%) FIX Connectivity
13 4 (0.081%) Intranet
13 4 (0.081%) SSH
14 3 (0.061%) IPv4
14 3 (0.061%) IPv6
14 3 (0.061%) Kerberos
14 3 (0.061%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 436 (8.81%) SQL Server
2 221 (4.47%) Relational Database
3 214 (4.32%) NoSQL
4 204 (4.12%) MySQL
5 193 (3.90%) MongoDB
6 170 (3.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 166 (3.35%) PostgreSQL
8 129 (2.61%) Data Warehouse
9 127 (2.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 126 (2.55%) Power BI
11 93 (1.88%) Big Data
12 86 (1.74%) Amazon RDS
13 75 (1.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 72 (1.46%) Oracle Database
15 67 (1.35%) Hadoop
16 59 (1.19%) Apache Ignite
16 59 (1.19%) Redis
17 58 (1.17%) Tableau
18 56 (1.13%) RDBMS
19 50 (1.01%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 592 (11.96%) Git (software)
2 407 (8.23%) Jenkins
3 181 (3.66%) JIRA
4 165 (3.33%) Maven
5 115 (2.32%) JUnit
6 97 (1.96%) webpack
7 76 (1.54%) Subversion
8 69 (1.39%) Cucumber
9 65 (1.31%) Gradle
9 65 (1.31%) Visual Studio
10 64 (1.29%) GitLab
11 59 (1.19%) TeamCity
12 58 (1.17%) Selenium
13 55 (1.11%) SonarQube
14 53 (1.07%) gulp
15 52 (1.05%) Jasmine
15 52 (1.05%) Mockito
16 49 (0.99%) Cypress.io
17 48 (0.97%) Visual Studio Team System
18 45 (0.91%) CircleCI
General
1 1,426 (28.82%) Finance
2 964 (19.48%) Banking
3 904 (18.27%) Front Office
4 466 (9.42%) Investment Banking
5 159 (3.21%) Public Sector
6 119 (2.41%) Marketing
7 77 (1.56%) Telecoms
8 71 (1.43%) Retail
9 55 (1.11%) Manufacturing
10 46 (0.93%) Financial Institution
11 44 (0.89%) Electronics
12 43 (0.87%) Advertising
12 43 (0.87%) Games
13 35 (0.71%) Back Office
14 33 (0.67%) Law
15 19 (0.38%) Retail Banking
16 18 (0.36%) French Language
17 10 (0.20%) Publishing
18 9 (0.18%) International Banking
19 8 (0.16%) German Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 900 (18.19%) React
2 723 (14.61%) Web Services
3 714 (14.43%) AngularJS
4 707 (14.29%) HTML
5 692 (13.99%) Node.js
6 687 (13.88%) .NET
7 650 (13.14%) CSS
8 589 (11.90%) Spring
9 503 (10.17%) REST
10 318 (6.43%) Spring Boot
11 312 (6.31%) HTML5
12 281 (5.68%) RESTful
13 256 (5.17%) Redux
14 250 (5.05%) Kafka
15 237 (4.79%) Vue.js
16 209 (4.22%) Middleware
17 197 (3.98%) XML
18 188 (3.80%) .NET Core
19 182 (3.68%) GraphQL
20 168 (3.40%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 446 (9.01%) Fixed Income
2 430 (8.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 343 (6.93%) Derivative
4 303 (6.12%) Equities
5 276 (5.58%) Greenfield Project
6 270 (5.46%) User Experience
7 210 (4.24%) Hedge funds
8 191 (3.86%) Analytical Skills
9 141 (2.85%) Mobile App
10 89 (1.80%) Data Structures
11 86 (1.74%) Algorithms
12 84 (1.70%) Blog
13 66 (1.33%) Public Cloud
14 64 (1.29%) Enterprise Software
15 54 (1.09%) Self-Motivation
16 53 (1.07%) Virtual Team
17 50 (1.01%) Cloud Native
18 45 (0.91%) Credit Risk
18 45 (0.91%) Market Risk
19 34 (0.69%) Credit Derivative
Operating Systems
1 409 (8.27%) Linux
2 181 (3.66%) Android
2 181 (3.66%) Apple iOS
3 172 (3.48%) Unix
4 112 (2.26%) Windows
5 20 (0.40%) Mac OS X
6 10 (0.20%) Mac OS
7 7 (0.14%) CentOS
8 6 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (0.10%) Android TV
9 5 (0.10%) tvOS
10 4 (0.081%) Windows Server
11 3 (0.061%) Embedded Linux
11 3 (0.061%) Fedora
11 3 (0.061%) Ubuntu
12 2 (0.040%) AIX
12 2 (0.040%) OpenWrt
12 2 (0.040%) Solaris
12 2 (0.040%) Tizen
12 2 (0.040%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,867 (37.73%) Agile Software Development
2 801 (16.19%) TDD
3 784 (15.84%) Software Engineering
4 778 (15.72%) Microservices
5 581 (11.74%) DevOps
6 455 (9.20%) Asset Management
7 438 (8.85%) Scrum
8 383 (7.74%) Test Automation
9 381 (7.70%) Front End Development
10 352 (7.11%) BDD
11 334 (6.75%) Multithreading
12 307 (6.20%) Investment Management
13 300 (6.06%) Continuous Integration
14 278 (5.62%) Analytics
15 274 (5.54%) OO
16 269 (5.44%) Business Intelligence
17 259 (5.23%) Low Latency
17 259 (5.23%) Problem-Solving
18 249 (5.03%) Open Source
19 240 (4.85%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,812 (36.62%) Java
2 1,496 (30.23%) JavaScript
3 1,025 (20.72%) Python
4 943 (19.06%) SQL
5 676 (13.66%) C#
6 439 (8.87%) TypeScript
7 347 (7.01%) C++
8 326 (6.59%) Kotlin
9 275 (5.56%) Java 8
10 221 (4.47%) Scala
11 171 (3.46%) PHP
12 122 (2.47%) Go
13 107 (2.16%) PL/SQL
14 106 (2.14%) Apple Swift
15 101 (2.04%) ES6
16 100 (2.02%) T-SQL
17 85 (1.72%) C
18 83 (1.68%) Ruby
19 76 (1.54%) Shell Script
20 73 (1.48%) R
Qualifications
1 313 (6.33%) Security Cleared
2 272 (5.50%) SC Cleared
3 226 (4.57%) Degree
4 88 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
5 36 (0.73%) DV Cleared
6 34 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
7 27 (0.55%) PhD
8 21 (0.42%) Master's Degree
9 15 (0.30%) AWS Certification
10 11 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
11 6 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
12 5 (0.10%) CTC Cleared
13 4 (0.081%) DBS Check
14 3 (0.061%) MCSE
15 1 (0.020%) BC Cleared
15 1 (0.020%) IBM Certification
15 1 (0.020%) ISTQB
15 1 (0.020%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 1 (0.020%) Oracle Certification
15 1 (0.020%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 125 (2.53%) QA
2 18 (0.36%) WCAG
3 16 (0.32%) Data Quality
4 12 (0.24%) GDPR
4 12 (0.24%) MiFID
5 5 (0.10%) COREP
5 5 (0.10%) Dublin Core
5 5 (0.10%) FINREP
6 4 (0.081%) PMO
6 4 (0.081%) PSD2
7 3 (0.061%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.040%) Dodd-Frank
8 2 (0.040%) IFRS
8 2 (0.040%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.040%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.040%) JTAG
8 2 (0.040%) SLA
8 2 (0.040%) WAI
9 1 (0.020%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.020%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 727 (14.69%) Docker
2 22 (0.44%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (0.16%) HDFS
5 5 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.061%) Varnish
6 3 (0.061%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.040%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 2 (0.040%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.040%) etcd
7 2 (0.040%) KVM
7 2 (0.040%) Postfix
8 1 (0.020%) GridGain
8 1 (0.020%) LXC
8 1 (0.020%) Terminal Server
8 1 (0.020%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.020%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 584 (11.80%) Kubernetes
2 278 (5.62%) Terraform
3 63 (1.27%) Ansible
4 24 (0.49%) Prometheus
5 22 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
6 20 (0.40%) Grafana
7 17 (0.34%) Puppet
8 13 (0.26%) Control-M
9 9 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
10 8 (0.16%) Kibana
11 7 (0.14%) Consul
12 5 (0.10%) Rundeck
13 4 (0.081%) Graphite
13 4 (0.081%) Nessus
13 4 (0.081%) Netcool
14 3 (0.061%) Docker Swarm
14 3 (0.061%) Mesos
14 3 (0.061%) Salt
14 3 (0.061%) Tivoli
15 2 (0.040%) logstash
Vendors
1 302 (6.10%) Oracle
2 267 (5.40%) Microsoft
3 158 (3.19%) Google
4 126 (2.55%) Salesforce.com
5 84 (1.70%) SAP
6 76 (1.54%) MuleSoft
7 61 (1.23%) Bloomberg
8 53 (1.07%) Splunk
9 48 (0.97%) ION Trading
9 48 (0.97%) ServiceNow
10 45 (0.91%) Sybase
11 43 (0.87%) Atlassian
11 43 (0.87%) Databricks
11 43 (0.87%) Murex
12 40 (0.81%) Adobe
13 39 (0.79%) IBM
14 38 (0.77%) TIBCO
15 29 (0.59%) Talend
16 22 (0.44%) Apple
16 22 (0.44%) Informatica