Period
to 20 September 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £513 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
20 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1 1 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 -1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 14,764 13,725 11,898
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 32.14% 30.98% 26.44%
As % of the Job Titles category 33.97% 32.60% 27.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,535 10,803 9,314
London median daily rate £513 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £363 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
England median daily rate £475 £450 £420
% change year-on-year +5.56% +7.14% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 32 37
London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% -3.41% +46.67%
10th Percentile £19.23 £15.08 £20.92
90th Percentile £100.75 £54.24 £92.80
England median hourly rate £44.00 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year +3.53% +3.66% +9.33%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 43,461 42,097 42,841
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.62% 95.02% 95.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,402 30,222 30,778
London median daily rate £500 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £313 £305 £286
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 606 523 506
London median hourly rate £19.37 £21.00 £19.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.77% +9.20% +0.73%
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.57 £10.75
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.57 £50.00
England median hourly rate £18.25 £18.70 £19.00
% change year-on-year -2.41% -1.58% +6.92%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 20 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 3,146 £525 +5.00% 1,075
South London -1 642 £500 +8.11% 71
West London -1 577 £480 +6.67% 572
East London -1 270 £490 -4.62% 226
North London -3 32 £450 +12.50% 44
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 20 September 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 6,004 (40.67%) Agile Software Development
2 5,026 (34.04%) JavaScript
3 4,740 (32.11%) Java
4 3,598 (24.37%) TDD
5 3,464 (23.46%) Finance
6 3,417 (23.14%) HTML
7 3,331 (22.56%) SQL
8 3,280 (22.22%) C#
9 3,103 (21.02%) CSS
10 2,819 (19.09%) .NET
11 2,702 (18.30%) AngularJS
12 2,188 (14.82%) React
13 2,148 (14.55%) Banking
14 2,125 (14.39%) Git (software)
15 1,937 (13.12%) SQL Server
16 1,903 (12.89%) Microservices
17 1,890 (12.80%) Node.js
18 1,766 (11.96%) HTML5
19 1,675 (11.35%) Front End Development
20 1,658 (11.23%) Spring
21 1,653 (11.20%) REST
22 1,631 (11.05%) Amazon AWS
23 1,605 (10.87%) BDD
24 1,593 (10.79%) Scrum
25 1,588 (10.76%) Python
26 1,506 (10.20%) Continuous Integration
27 1,480 (10.02%) OO
28 1,465 (9.92%) MVC
29 1,431 (9.69%) Docker
30 1,392 (9.43%) Microsoft Azure

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 490 (3.32%) Elasticsearch
2 336 (2.28%) Apache Spark
3 332 (2.25%) CMS
4 300 (2.03%) Apache
5 296 (2.00%) Confluence
6 267 (1.81%) Tomcat
7 227 (1.54%) WebSphere
8 181 (1.23%) SharePoint
9 153 (1.04%) WordPress
10 140 (0.95%) WebLogic
11 122 (0.83%) Drupal
12 97 (0.66%) JBoss
13 93 (0.63%) IIS
13 93 (0.63%) NServiceBus
14 90 (0.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 85 (0.58%) OpenStack
16 83 (0.56%) Mule
17 81 (0.55%) Apache Solr
18 77 (0.52%) Umbraco
19 61 (0.41%) WildFly
Applications
1 246 (1.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 123 (0.83%) Photoshop
3 51 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
4 41 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
5 29 (0.20%) InfoPath
6 23 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 21 (0.14%) Fireworks
8 20 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
9 16 (0.11%) Chatbot
10 10 (0.068%) InVision
11 9 (0.061%) MS Visio
11 9 (0.061%) OmniGraffle
12 7 (0.047%) GIMP
13 6 (0.041%) Acrobat
13 6 (0.041%) Maya
13 6 (0.041%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 6 (0.041%) Microsoft Project
14 4 (0.027%) Blender
14 4 (0.027%) InDesign
15 3 (0.020%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 85 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 84 (0.57%) ION MarketView
3 57 (0.39%) Magento
4 42 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
5 39 (0.26%) Markit EDM
6 25 (0.17%) thinkFolio
7 24 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
8 21 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
9 18 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
10 17 (0.12%) Endur
10 17 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 16 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
12 14 (0.095%) Eagle PACE
12 14 (0.095%) Front Arena
12 14 (0.095%) Oracle General Ledger
12 14 (0.095%) PeopleSoft HCM
13 13 (0.088%) Hyperion Planning
14 12 (0.081%) Remedy ITSM
15 10 (0.068%) PeopleSoft HRMS
16 9 (0.061%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 1,631 (11.05%) Amazon AWS
2 1,392 (9.43%) Microsoft Azure
3 357 (2.42%) GitHub
4 280 (1.90%) Serverless
5 230 (1.56%) Google Cloud Platform
6 217 (1.47%) npm
7 146 (0.99%) AWS Lambda
8 138 (0.93%) Amazon EC2
9 134 (0.91%) PaaS
10 113 (0.77%) Cloud Computing
11 112 (0.76%) Amazon S3
12 107 (0.72%) Heroku
13 102 (0.69%) SaaS
14 69 (0.47%) Office 365
15 68 (0.46%) Dynamics 365
16 65 (0.44%) Amazon SQS
17 57 (0.39%) Azure Functions
18 49 (0.33%) IaaS
19 45 (0.30%) Salesforce Service Cloud
20 44 (0.30%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 375 (2.54%) HTTP
2 98 (0.66%) TCP/IP
3 96 (0.65%) SSL
4 81 (0.55%) Internet
5 65 (0.44%) Kerberos
6 57 (0.39%) FTP
7 53 (0.36%) AMQP
8 52 (0.35%) Intranet
9 46 (0.31%) DNS
10 38 (0.26%) SMS
11 26 (0.18%) HTTPS
12 18 (0.12%) Firewall
13 15 (0.10%) FIX Connectivity
14 13 (0.088%) RTMP
15 12 (0.081%) BIG-IP
16 10 (0.068%) Network Security
17 9 (0.061%) Skype
18 8 (0.054%) Bluetooth
18 8 (0.054%) SMTP
18 8 (0.054%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,937 (13.12%) SQL Server
2 910 (6.16%) NoSQL
3 887 (6.01%) Relational Database
4 712 (4.82%) MySQL
5 684 (4.63%) MongoDB
6 660 (4.47%) PostgreSQL
7 630 (4.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 506 (3.43%) Data Warehouse
9 497 (3.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 473 (3.20%) Big Data
11 334 (2.26%) Hadoop
12 324 (2.19%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 288 (1.95%) Power BI
14 279 (1.89%) RDBMS
15 265 (1.79%) Apache Cassandra
16 208 (1.41%) SQL Server 2012
17 191 (1.29%) Redis
18 161 (1.09%) Oracle Database
19 150 (1.02%) SQL Server 2016
20 141 (0.96%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 2,125 (14.39%) Git (software)
2 1,133 (7.67%) Jenkins
3 764 (5.17%) JIRA
4 733 (4.96%) Maven
5 471 (3.19%) JUnit
6 461 (3.12%) webpack
7 456 (3.09%) TeamCity
8 404 (2.74%) Selenium
9 394 (2.67%) Subversion
10 367 (2.49%) Cucumber
11 356 (2.41%) gulp
12 330 (2.24%) Visual Studio
13 300 (2.03%) Jasmine
14 280 (1.90%) Mockito
15 273 (1.85%) Team Foundation Server
16 237 (1.61%) Grunt
17 224 (1.52%) NUnit
18 223 (1.51%) Gradle
19 211 (1.43%) Mocha
20 205 (1.39%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 3,464 (23.46%) Finance
2 2,148 (14.55%) Banking
3 1,367 (9.26%) Front Office
4 751 (5.09%) Investment Banking
5 560 (3.79%) Retail
6 248 (1.68%) Games
7 213 (1.44%) Marketing
8 206 (1.40%) Financial Institution
9 164 (1.11%) Advertising
10 160 (1.08%) Telecoms
11 149 (1.01%) Back Office
12 128 (0.87%) Law
13 101 (0.68%) Legal
14 99 (0.67%) Publishing
15 35 (0.24%) Automotive
16 31 (0.21%) General Ledger
17 30 (0.20%) Manufacturing
18 28 (0.19%) Retail Banking
19 25 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
20 22 (0.15%) Electronics
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,417 (23.14%) HTML
2 3,103 (21.02%) CSS
3 2,819 (19.09%) .NET
4 2,702 (18.30%) AngularJS
5 2,188 (14.82%) React
6 1,890 (12.80%) Node.js
7 1,766 (11.96%) HTML5
8 1,658 (11.23%) Spring
9 1,653 (11.20%) REST
10 1,309 (8.87%) RESTful
11 1,279 (8.66%) Web Services
12 1,089 (7.38%) CSS3
13 983 (6.66%) Redux
14 968 (6.56%) ASP.NET
15 907 (6.14%) jQuery
16 820 (5.55%) Sass
17 774 (5.24%) XML
18 740 (5.01%) Spring Boot
19 726 (4.92%) JSON
20 661 (4.48%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1,233 (8.35%) Greenfield Project
2 952 (6.45%) User Experience
3 698 (4.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 678 (4.59%) Fintech
5 645 (4.37%) Fixed Income
6 606 (4.10%) Analytical Skills
7 543 (3.68%) Computer Science
8 522 (3.54%) Derivative
9 495 (3.35%) Mobile App
10 401 (2.72%) Algorithms
11 352 (2.38%) Equities
12 336 (2.28%) Data Structures
13 250 (1.69%) Hedge funds
14 161 (1.09%) Enterprise Software
15 156 (1.06%) Equity Derivative
16 143 (0.97%) Self-Motivation
17 133 (0.90%) Market Risk
18 111 (0.75%) Credit Risk
19 100 (0.68%) Linux Command Line
20 65 (0.44%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 1,083 (7.34%) Linux
2 679 (4.60%) Unix
3 507 (3.43%) Android
4 494 (3.35%) Apple iOS
5 431 (2.92%) Windows
6 69 (0.47%) VMS
7 60 (0.41%) Solaris
8 40 (0.27%) Windows Server
9 38 (0.26%) Mac OS X
9 38 (0.26%) Ubuntu
10 29 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 21 (0.14%) Mac OS
12 20 (0.14%) Windows 7
13 19 (0.13%) CentOS
14 17 (0.12%) Windows 10
15 11 (0.075%) Windows 8
16 10 (0.068%) SUSE
16 10 (0.068%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 10 (0.068%) Windows Server 2008
17 7 (0.047%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,004 (40.67%) Agile Software Development
2 3,598 (24.37%) TDD
3 1,903 (12.89%) Microservices
4 1,675 (11.35%) Front End Development
5 1,605 (10.87%) BDD
6 1,593 (10.79%) Scrum
7 1,506 (10.20%) Continuous Integration
8 1,480 (10.02%) OO
9 1,465 (9.92%) MVC
10 1,250 (8.47%) DevOps
11 1,208 (8.18%) Test Automation
12 1,001 (6.78%) Web Development
13 971 (6.58%) Unit Testing
14 954 (6.46%) Multithreading
15 936 (6.34%) E-Commerce
16 897 (6.08%) Problem-Solving
17 867 (5.87%) Software Engineering
18 749 (5.07%) Business Intelligence
19 706 (4.78%) Analytics
20 672 (4.55%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 5,026 (34.04%) JavaScript
2 4,740 (32.11%) Java
3 3,331 (22.56%) SQL
4 3,280 (22.22%) C#
5 1,588 (10.76%) Python
6 1,294 (8.76%) Java 8
7 759 (5.14%) C++
8 741 (5.02%) TypeScript
9 737 (4.99%) ES6
10 676 (4.58%) PHP
11 597 (4.04%) Scala
12 533 (3.61%) T-SQL
13 320 (2.17%) Ruby
14 268 (1.82%) PL/SQL
15 230 (1.56%) Apple Swift
16 220 (1.49%) Go
17 215 (1.46%) C
18 214 (1.45%) VBA
19 191 (1.29%) Kotlin
20 175 (1.19%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 628 (4.25%) Degree
2 553 (3.75%) Security Cleared
3 475 (3.22%) SC Cleared
4 243 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
5 59 (0.40%) Master's Degree
6 48 (0.33%) BPSS Clearance
7 32 (0.22%) PhD
8 31 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
9 25 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
10 22 (0.15%) DV Cleared
11 14 (0.095%) Microsoft Certification
12 13 (0.088%) CTC Cleared
13 12 (0.081%) AWS Certification
14 9 (0.061%) DBS Check
14 9 (0.061%) ISEB
14 9 (0.061%) ISTQB
15 8 (0.054%) Sun Certification
16 7 (0.047%) Siebel Certification
17 6 (0.041%) OCPJP
18 4 (0.027%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 441 (2.99%) QA
2 71 (0.48%) Data Quality
3 52 (0.35%) GCP
4 41 (0.28%) MiFID
5 38 (0.26%) SLA
6 31 (0.21%) GDPR
7 19 (0.13%) EMIR
8 17 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
9 15 (0.10%) PCI DSS
10 12 (0.081%) Dodd-Frank
10 12 (0.081%) WCAG
11 9 (0.061%) HL7
12 8 (0.054%) Solvency II
13 7 (0.047%) ISO 20022
13 7 (0.047%) PMO
13 7 (0.047%) PSD2
14 6 (0.041%) WAI
15 5 (0.034%) IFRS
15 5 (0.034%) ISO/IEC 27001
16 4 (0.027%) Basel III
System Software
1 1,431 (9.69%) Docker
2 75 (0.51%) HDFS
3 47 (0.32%) Active Directory
4 36 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
5 31 (0.21%) vSphere
6 17 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 11 (0.075%) Apache Flume
8 8 (0.054%) Oracle RAC
9 7 (0.047%) OpenAM
9 7 (0.047%) Virtual Machines
10 6 (0.041%) etcd
11 5 (0.034%) Platform Symphony
11 5 (0.034%) Varnish
12 4 (0.027%) flannel
13 3 (0.020%) Squid
13 3 (0.020%) SRDF
14 2 (0.014%) Firmware
14 2 (0.014%) Hyper-V
14 2 (0.014%) Microsoft App-V
14 2 (0.014%) Snort
Systems Management
1 573 (3.88%) Kubernetes
2 341 (2.31%) Ansible
3 234 (1.58%) Terraform
4 205 (1.39%) Puppet
5 145 (0.98%) Opscode Chef
6 65 (0.44%) Mesos
7 57 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
8 44 (0.30%) Marathon
9 42 (0.28%) Grafana
10 40 (0.27%) Kibana
11 37 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
12 36 (0.24%) Prometheus
13 35 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
14 27 (0.18%) logstash
15 26 (0.18%) Control-M
16 23 (0.16%) Oozie
17 22 (0.15%) CA Single Sign-On
18 19 (0.13%) Rancher
19 18 (0.12%) Consul
20 16 (0.11%) Oracle Identity Management
Vendors
1 1,041 (7.05%) Microsoft
2 1,038 (7.03%) Oracle
3 364 (2.47%) Google
4 241 (1.63%) Salesforce.com
5 199 (1.35%) Tableau
6 196 (1.33%) Adobe
7 157 (1.06%) IBM
8 154 (1.04%) Sybase
9 150 (1.02%) TIBCO
10 149 (1.01%) SAP
11 136 (0.92%) ServiceNow
12 112 (0.76%) Sitecore
13 96 (0.65%) MuleSoft
14 89 (0.60%) Splunk
15 84 (0.57%) ION Trading
16 77 (0.52%) hybris
17 70 (0.47%) Apple
17 70 (0.47%) Atlassian
18 66 (0.45%) Capita
19 60 (0.41%) Apigee