Period
to 21 April 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
21 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 1 2
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 -1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 6,152 6,815 12,073
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 27.78% 29.32% 28.62%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.02% 31.39% 30.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,688 5,231 9,463
10th Percentile £363 £375 £363
25th Percentile £440 £438 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £644 £613 £600
90th Percentile £713 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 27 16
10th Percentile £33.46 £15.95 £20.38
25th Percentile £42.31 £47.25 £23.75
Median hourly rate £60.75 £62.00 £29.50
Median % change year-on-year -2.02% +110.17% -12.64%
75th Percentile £66.50 £78.75 £47.50
90th Percentile £68.18 " £48.75
England median hourly rate £48.00 £45.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year +6.67% -2.17% +15.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 20,494 21,710 39,887
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.54% 93.39% 94.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,818 15,742 28,985
10th Percentile £325 £300 £313
25th Percentile £414 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £523 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.50% - -
75th Percentile £619 £600 £600
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 206 296 467
10th Percentile £16.19 £12.88 £12.25
25th Percentile £21.25 £16.91 £15.00
Median hourly rate £31.18 £24.00 £20.75
Median % change year-on-year +29.90% +15.66% +1.12%
75th Percentile £51.56 £47.04 £34.51
90th Percentile £66.50 £61.25 £48.15
England median hourly rate £22.00 £18.70 £18.00
% change year-on-year +17.65% +3.89% +1.12%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 21 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 756 £550 +4.76% 791
West London 0 109 £525 +0.48% 290
East London -1 39 £518 -1.33% 176
South London -4 37 £463 -7.50% 31
North London -6 3 £431 -13.75% 23
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 21 April 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 2,324 (37.78%) Agile Software Development
2 2,024 (32.90%) Java
3 1,909 (31.03%) JavaScript
4 1,653 (26.87%) Finance
5 1,277 (20.76%) AWS
6 1,204 (19.57%) React
7 1,172 (19.05%) SQL
8 1,128 (18.34%) Python
9 1,122 (18.24%) TDD
10 1,120 (18.21%) Azure
11 1,071 (17.41%) Banking
12 1,034 (16.81%) .NET
13 995 (16.17%) Front Office
14 987 (16.04%) C#
15 985 (16.01%) Docker
16 968 (15.73%) Software Engineering
17 954 (15.51%) Microservices
18 881 (14.32%) HTML
19 872 (14.17%) Node.js
20 869 (14.13%) Kubernetes
21 844 (13.72%) DevOps
22 813 (13.22%) CSS
23 775 (12.60%) AngularJS
24 739 (12.01%) Spring
25 733 (11.91%) Web Services
26 728 (11.83%) TypeScript
27 715 (11.62%) Git (software)
28 593 (9.64%) REST
29 560 (9.10%) Serverless
30 543 (8.83%) Scrum

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 166 (2.70%) Apache Spark
2 132 (2.15%) Apache
3 114 (1.85%) Confluence
3 114 (1.85%) Mule
4 100 (1.63%) CMS
5 75 (1.22%) Elasticsearch
6 70 (1.14%) Red Hat Fuse
7 67 (1.09%) SharePoint
8 57 (0.93%) WordPress
9 56 (0.91%) Oracle Coherence
10 40 (0.65%) JBoss
11 35 (0.57%) Tomcat
11 35 (0.57%) WebSphere
12 33 (0.54%) IIS
12 33 (0.54%) nginx
13 31 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
14 29 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
15 26 (0.42%) Drupal
16 24 (0.39%) NServiceBus
17 23 (0.37%) Camunda
Applications
1 72 (1.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
3 15 (0.24%) Photoshop
4 12 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
5 11 (0.18%) Chatbot
6 7 (0.11%) Adobe XD
7 5 (0.081%) Figma
7 5 (0.081%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.049%) InfoPath
8 3 (0.049%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.049%) Sketch
9 2 (0.033%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.033%) Zeplin
10 1 (0.016%) Adobe Captivate
10 1 (0.016%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.016%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.016%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 37 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.36%) Magento
3 17 (0.28%) Shopify
4 15 (0.24%) Summit
5 14 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
6 9 (0.15%) Maximo
7 8 (0.13%) SunGard Martini
8 7 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
8 7 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
9 6 (0.098%) Oracle Receivables
9 6 (0.098%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 5 (0.081%) Distributed Ledger
10 5 (0.081%) Dynamics NAV
10 5 (0.081%) Markit EDM
10 5 (0.081%) Oracle General Ledger
10 5 (0.081%) Oracle Payables
10 5 (0.081%) SAP S/4HANA
10 5 (0.081%) Sentinel
11 4 (0.065%) Oracle Financials
11 4 (0.065%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 1,277 (20.76%) AWS
2 1,120 (18.21%) Azure
3 560 (9.10%) Serverless
4 360 (5.85%) AWS Lambda
5 359 (5.84%) GCP
6 244 (3.97%) Amazon S3
7 193 (3.14%) Power Platform
8 179 (2.91%) Amazon SQS
9 167 (2.71%) GitHub
10 156 (2.54%) AWS Step Functions
11 89 (1.45%) Azure Functions
12 86 (1.40%) SaaS
13 77 (1.25%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 75 (1.22%) PaaS
15 65 (1.06%) AWS CloudFormation
16 63 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
16 63 (1.02%) Azure Service Bus
17 56 (0.91%) Azure Logic Apps
18 54 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
19 52 (0.85%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 66 (1.07%) HTTP
2 29 (0.47%) Internet
3 27 (0.44%) SSL
4 25 (0.41%) HTTPS
5 16 (0.26%) TCP/IP
6 12 (0.20%) Multicast
7 10 (0.16%) Intranet
8 7 (0.11%) Broadband
8 7 (0.11%) RTMP
9 6 (0.098%) DNS
9 6 (0.098%) Wi-Fi
10 5 (0.081%) Kerberos
11 4 (0.065%) AMQP
12 3 (0.049%) DECT
12 3 (0.049%) DMARC
12 3 (0.049%) Firewall
12 3 (0.049%) PPP
12 3 (0.049%) SMS
12 3 (0.049%) SMTP
12 3 (0.049%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 475 (7.72%) SQL Server
2 267 (4.34%) NoSQL
3 247 (4.01%) Relational Database
4 241 (3.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 222 (3.61%) PostgreSQL
6 201 (3.27%) MongoDB
7 164 (2.67%) Amazon RDS
8 155 (2.52%) Power BI
9 152 (2.47%) MySQL
10 138 (2.24%) Big Data
11 123 (2.00%) Data Warehouse
12 118 (1.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 106 (1.72%) Tableau
14 97 (1.58%) Azure SQL Database
15 96 (1.56%) Hadoop
16 78 (1.27%) Redis
17 68 (1.11%) Apache Cassandra
17 68 (1.11%) Oracle Database
18 65 (1.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 50 (0.81%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 715 (11.62%) Git (software)
2 493 (8.01%) Jenkins
3 270 (4.39%) JIRA
4 198 (3.22%) Maven
5 140 (2.28%) JUnit
6 126 (2.05%) webpack
7 114 (1.85%) Visual Studio
8 98 (1.59%) TeamCity
9 94 (1.53%) Cucumber
10 87 (1.41%) Gradle
11 86 (1.40%) Subversion
12 80 (1.30%) Bitbucket
13 76 (1.24%) Mockito
14 69 (1.12%) Selenium
15 60 (0.98%) Cypress.io
16 47 (0.76%) SonarQube
17 46 (0.75%) CircleCI
17 46 (0.75%) gulp
18 44 (0.72%) Xcode
19 43 (0.70%) Artifactory
General
1 1,653 (26.87%) Finance
2 1,071 (17.41%) Banking
3 995 (16.17%) Front Office
4 538 (8.75%) Investment Banking
5 146 (2.37%) Public Sector
6 124 (2.02%) Marketing
7 115 (1.87%) Retail
8 84 (1.37%) Telecoms
9 62 (1.01%) Manufacturing
10 52 (0.85%) Back Office
11 50 (0.81%) Financial Institution
12 38 (0.62%) Games
13 35 (0.57%) Electronics
14 28 (0.46%) Publishing
15 24 (0.39%) Advertising
16 21 (0.34%) Automotive
16 21 (0.34%) Law
17 20 (0.33%) Multimedia
18 17 (0.28%) French Language
19 13 (0.21%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,204 (19.57%) React
2 1,034 (16.81%) .NET
3 881 (14.32%) HTML
4 872 (14.17%) Node.js
5 813 (13.22%) CSS
6 775 (12.60%) AngularJS
7 739 (12.01%) Spring
8 733 (11.91%) Web Services
9 593 (9.64%) REST
10 401 (6.52%) Spring Boot
11 371 (6.03%) RESTful
12 349 (5.67%) .NET Core
13 341 (5.54%) HTML5
14 319 (5.19%) Kafka
15 296 (4.81%) Redux
16 276 (4.49%) GraphQL
17 214 (3.48%) Vue.js
18 211 (3.43%) XML
19 202 (3.28%) JSON
20 193 (3.14%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 433 (7.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 394 (6.40%) Greenfield Project
3 380 (6.18%) User Experience
4 366 (5.95%) Fixed Income
5 286 (4.65%) Derivative
6 270 (4.39%) Analytical Skills
7 206 (3.35%) Data Structures
8 201 (3.27%) Equities
9 185 (3.01%) Mobile App
10 149 (2.42%) Algorithms
11 140 (2.28%) Hedge funds
12 115 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
13 93 (1.51%) Self-Motivation
14 85 (1.38%) Cloud Native
15 66 (1.07%) Credit Risk
16 60 (0.98%) Virtual Team
17 54 (0.88%) Public Cloud
18 53 (0.86%) Blog
19 52 (0.85%) Management Information System
20 51 (0.83%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 435 (7.07%) Linux
2 269 (4.37%) Unix
3 227 (3.69%) Android
4 180 (2.93%) Apple iOS
5 147 (2.39%) Windows
6 29 (0.47%) Mac OS
7 28 (0.46%) Mac OS X
8 8 (0.13%) CentOS
9 5 (0.081%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (0.065%) CoreOS
10 4 (0.065%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.065%) Windows Server
11 3 (0.049%) OpenWrt
11 3 (0.049%) tvOS
12 2 (0.033%) Android TV
12 2 (0.033%) VMS
12 2 (0.033%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.033%) Windows Server 2019
13 1 (0.016%) AIX
13 1 (0.016%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,324 (37.78%) Agile Software Development
2 1,122 (18.24%) TDD
3 968 (15.73%) Software Engineering
4 954 (15.51%) Microservices
5 844 (13.72%) DevOps
6 543 (8.83%) Scrum
7 513 (8.34%) Front End Development
8 496 (8.06%) Test Automation
9 485 (7.88%) BDD
10 453 (7.36%) Asset Management
11 433 (7.04%) Continuous Integration
11 433 (7.04%) Multithreading
12 393 (6.39%) Analytics
13 366 (5.95%) Problem-Solving
14 355 (5.77%) Investment Management
15 346 (5.62%) Unit Testing
16 312 (5.07%) Low Latency
17 302 (4.91%) OO
18 300 (4.88%) SDLC
19 276 (4.49%) Electronic Trading
Programming Languages
1 2,024 (32.90%) Java
2 1,909 (31.03%) JavaScript
3 1,172 (19.05%) SQL
4 1,128 (18.34%) Python
5 987 (16.04%) C#
6 728 (11.83%) TypeScript
7 432 (7.02%) C++
8 358 (5.82%) Java 8
9 352 (5.72%) Kotlin
10 307 (4.99%) Scala
11 186 (3.02%) PHP
12 157 (2.55%) PL/SQL
13 153 (2.49%) ES6
14 142 (2.31%) Go
14 142 (2.31%) Ruby
15 140 (2.28%) T-SQL
16 106 (1.72%) PowerShell
17 101 (1.64%) Apple Swift
18 84 (1.37%) C
19 75 (1.22%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 325 (5.28%) Security Cleared
2 293 (4.76%) Degree
3 289 (4.70%) SC Cleared
4 75 (1.22%) Computer Science Degree
5 38 (0.62%) PhD
6 37 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
7 28 (0.46%) DV Cleared
8 20 (0.33%) AWS Certification
9 15 (0.24%) BPSS Clearance
10 12 (0.20%) Master's Degree
11 8 (0.13%) DBS Check
11 8 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
12 4 (0.065%) CTC Cleared
13 3 (0.049%) CFA
13 3 (0.049%) ISTQB
14 2 (0.033%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 2 (0.033%) MCSE
15 1 (0.016%) BC Cleared
15 1 (0.016%) ITIL Certification
15 1 (0.016%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 166 (2.70%) QA
2 24 (0.39%) Data Quality
3 16 (0.26%) WCAG
4 14 (0.23%) GDPR
4 14 (0.23%) MiFID
5 12 (0.20%) SLA
6 9 (0.15%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.13%) PMO
8 7 (0.11%) ISO 20022
9 5 (0.081%) Dublin Core
10 4 (0.065%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.049%) IFRS
11 3 (0.049%) JTAG
12 2 (0.033%) FINREP
12 2 (0.033%) GRC
12 2 (0.033%) IFRS 9
12 2 (0.033%) ISO 15022
13 1 (0.016%) Basel III
13 1 (0.016%) COREP
13 1 (0.016%) Government Security Classifications
System Software
1 985 (16.01%) Docker
2 36 (0.59%) Active Directory
3 18 (0.29%) HDFS
4 14 (0.23%) Platform Symphony
5 11 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 7 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.081%) GridGain
7 5 (0.081%) VMware Infrastructure
8 4 (0.065%) vSphere
9 3 (0.049%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.033%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.016%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 1 (0.016%) Ceph
11 1 (0.016%) OpenAM
11 1 (0.016%) Terminal Server
11 1 (0.016%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 869 (14.13%) Kubernetes
2 439 (7.14%) Terraform
3 113 (1.84%) Ansible
4 51 (0.83%) Prometheus
5 46 (0.75%) Grafana
6 29 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
7 23 (0.37%) Puppet
8 12 (0.20%) Kibana
9 11 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
10 8 (0.13%) Control-M
10 8 (0.13%) Microsoft Intune
10 8 (0.13%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 6 (0.098%) ZABBIX
12 5 (0.081%) Consul
13 4 (0.065%) Docker Swarm
13 4 (0.065%) Graphite
13 4 (0.065%) Istio
13 4 (0.065%) MIIS
14 3 (0.049%) CloudHub
14 3 (0.049%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 430 (6.99%) Oracle
2 335 (5.45%) Microsoft
3 163 (2.65%) Salesforce.com
4 129 (2.10%) Google
5 101 (1.64%) MuleSoft
6 74 (1.20%) SAP
7 69 (1.12%) ServiceNow
8 62 (1.01%) Splunk
9 51 (0.83%) TIBCO
10 50 (0.81%) Atlassian
11 48 (0.78%) IBM
12 37 (0.60%) Adobe
12 37 (0.60%) Bloomberg
12 37 (0.60%) ION Trading
13 35 (0.57%) Sybase
14 34 (0.55%) Apple
15 32 (0.52%) Databricks
16 23 (0.37%) Informatica
17 22 (0.36%) DevExpress
18 20 (0.33%) Xamarin