Period
to 3 June 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 3 June 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
3 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 1 2 1
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 5,576 11,296 13,850
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 29.75% 28.45% 30.36%
As % of the Job Titles category 31.82% 30.17% 32.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,290 8,980 11,039
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £369 £369 £363
90th Percentile £700 £680 £675
England median daily rate £488 £475 £455
% change year-on-year +2.63% +4.40% +7.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 31 47
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -4.11% -23.69%
10th Percentile £31.60 £24.25 £20.05
90th Percentile £64.91 £68.75 £86.80
England median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.21
% change year-on-year -18.60% +4.36% +0.50%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 17,526 37,440 43,236
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.50% 94.28% 94.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,110 26,661 31,200
Median daily rate £510 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £310 £318 £313
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 311 488 669
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.16 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +65.45% -1.60% -4.44%
10th Percentile £14.97 £12.25 £13.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £21.50 £19.50 £18.70
% change year-on-year +10.26% +4.28% -0.27%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 3 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 3 June 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 3 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 1,016 £525 - 323
South London 0 182 £525 +12.90% 10
West London 0 170 £525 +10.53% 72
East London 0 70 £500 -4.76% 54
North London -1 16 £500 +11.11% 15
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 3 June 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 2,266 (40.64%) Agile Software Development
2 1,878 (33.68%) Java
3 1,630 (29.23%) JavaScript
4 1,405 (25.20%) Finance
5 1,210 (21.70%) SQL
6 1,109 (19.89%) C#
7 1,004 (18.01%) TDD
8 941 (16.88%) Microservices
9 919 (16.48%) React
10 912 (16.36%) .NET
11 904 (16.21%) Azure
12 884 (15.85%) AWS
13 883 (15.84%) Python
14 881 (15.80%) Banking
15 873 (15.66%) AngularJS
16 871 (15.62%) HTML
17 812 (14.56%) CSS
18 799 (14.33%) DevOps
19 733 (13.15%) Docker
20 728 (13.06%) Web Services
21 718 (12.88%) Front Office
22 697 (12.50%) SQL Server
23 691 (12.39%) Git (software)
24 591 (10.60%) Node.js
25 588 (10.55%) Spring
26 573 (10.28%) Software Engineering
27 570 (10.22%) Scrum
28 540 (9.68%) Front End Development
29 531 (9.52%) Kubernetes
30 521 (9.34%) REST

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 203 (3.64%) Elasticsearch
2 107 (1.92%) Apache Spark
3 96 (1.72%) Confluence
4 74 (1.33%) CMS
5 65 (1.17%) SharePoint
6 59 (1.06%) Apache
7 50 (0.90%) WebLogic
8 41 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 39 (0.70%) IIS
10 38 (0.68%) WebSphere
11 36 (0.65%) Tomcat
12 33 (0.59%) Drupal
13 30 (0.54%) SAS
14 27 (0.48%) Oracle Workflow
14 27 (0.48%) WordPress
15 25 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
16 22 (0.39%) JBoss
17 20 (0.36%) Camunda
18 19 (0.34%) Umbraco
19 16 (0.29%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 107 (1.92%) Microsoft Excel
2 27 (0.48%) Photoshop
3 21 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.23%) Chatbot
4 13 (0.23%) Sketch
5 10 (0.18%) Acrobat
6 9 (0.16%) InVision
7 7 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
7 7 (0.13%) Figma
7 7 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 6 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.11%) Zeplin
9 4 (0.072%) Adobe XD
9 4 (0.072%) MS Visio
10 3 (0.054%) Lectora
11 2 (0.036%) Microsoft Project
12 1 (0.018%) Adobe After Effects
12 1 (0.018%) EngageOne
12 1 (0.018%) InDesign
12 1 (0.018%) Maya
Business Applications
1 35 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 30 (0.54%) Magento
3 20 (0.36%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 14 (0.25%) ION MarketView
5 12 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 11 (0.20%) NetSuite
7 10 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
7 10 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
8 9 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
9 8 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
10 7 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
10 7 (0.13%) Elite 3E
10 7 (0.13%) Temenos T24
11 6 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
11 6 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
11 6 (0.11%) Sophis RISQUE
12 5 (0.090%) Markit EDM
12 5 (0.090%) Maximo
12 5 (0.090%) Oracle Receivables
12 5 (0.090%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 904 (16.21%) Azure
2 884 (15.85%) AWS
3 265 (4.75%) GCP
4 198 (3.55%) GitHub
5 188 (3.37%) Serverless
6 163 (2.92%) Power Platform
7 128 (2.30%) AWS Lambda
8 113 (2.03%) SaaS
9 90 (1.61%) Amazon EC2
10 81 (1.45%) Amazon S3
11 79 (1.42%) OpenShift
12 75 (1.35%) Amazon ECS
13 67 (1.20%) PaaS
14 63 (1.13%) AWS CloudFormation
15 60 (1.08%) Amazon SQS
16 46 (0.82%) npm
17 38 (0.68%) Dynamics 365
18 33 (0.59%) Slack
19 31 (0.56%) Apigee
20 29 (0.52%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 78 (1.40%) HTTP
2 46 (0.82%) HTTPS
3 37 (0.66%) SSL
4 35 (0.63%) Internet
5 21 (0.38%) TCP/IP
6 18 (0.32%) IPv4
6 18 (0.32%) IPv6
7 14 (0.25%) DNS
8 13 (0.23%) RTMP
9 12 (0.22%) Firewall
10 10 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
11 9 (0.16%) DMZ
11 9 (0.16%) Multicast
11 9 (0.16%) PBX
11 9 (0.16%) RTP
11 9 (0.16%) VoIP
12 8 (0.14%) DHCP
12 8 (0.14%) FTP
12 8 (0.14%) VPN
13 6 (0.11%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 697 (12.50%) SQL Server
2 294 (5.27%) MySQL
3 265 (4.75%) Relational Database
4 225 (4.04%) NoSQL
5 204 (3.66%) MongoDB
6 201 (3.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 191 (3.43%) Data Warehouse
8 187 (3.35%) PostgreSQL
9 155 (2.78%) Power BI
10 143 (2.56%) Big Data
11 142 (2.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 125 (2.24%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 121 (2.17%) Redis
14 91 (1.63%) Amazon RDS
15 75 (1.35%) RDBMS
16 69 (1.24%) Azure SQL Database
17 66 (1.18%) Amazon Redshift
17 66 (1.18%) Oracle Database
18 61 (1.09%) Hadoop
19 53 (0.95%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 691 (12.39%) Git (software)
2 442 (7.93%) Jenkins
3 241 (4.32%) JIRA
4 194 (3.48%) JUnit
5 193 (3.46%) Maven
6 137 (2.46%) TeamCity
7 129 (2.31%) Mockito
8 114 (2.04%) Gradle
9 109 (1.95%) Visual Studio
10 105 (1.88%) Selenium
11 98 (1.76%) Cucumber
12 95 (1.70%) Subversion
13 90 (1.61%) Team Foundation Server
14 80 (1.43%) RStudio
15 78 (1.40%) webpack
16 76 (1.36%) GitLab
17 74 (1.33%) Octopus Deploy
18 70 (1.26%) Jasmine
19 62 (1.11%) Xcode
20 60 (1.08%) Artifactory
General
1 1,405 (25.20%) Finance
2 881 (15.80%) Banking
3 718 (12.88%) Front Office
4 422 (7.57%) Investment Banking
5 217 (3.89%) Public Sector
6 108 (1.94%) Retail
7 83 (1.49%) Games
8 81 (1.45%) Marketing
9 58 (1.04%) Financial Institution
10 53 (0.95%) Back Office
10 53 (0.95%) Law
11 34 (0.61%) Telecoms
12 31 (0.56%) Retail Banking
13 27 (0.48%) Advertising
14 25 (0.45%) Legal
15 21 (0.38%) Publishing
16 16 (0.29%) Local Government
17 11 (0.20%) Manufacturing
18 10 (0.18%) Automotive
18 10 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 919 (16.48%) React
2 912 (16.36%) .NET
3 873 (15.66%) AngularJS
4 871 (15.62%) HTML
5 812 (14.56%) CSS
6 728 (13.06%) Web Services
7 591 (10.60%) Node.js
8 588 (10.55%) Spring
9 521 (9.34%) REST
10 459 (8.23%) RESTful
11 373 (6.69%) HTML5
12 352 (6.31%) Redux
13 350 (6.28%) Spring Boot
14 290 (5.20%) ASP.NET
15 256 (4.59%) Kafka
16 242 (4.34%) .NET Core
17 205 (3.68%) JSON
18 197 (3.53%) Vue.js
19 193 (3.46%) SOAP
20 174 (3.12%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 409 (7.34%) Fixed Income
2 392 (7.03%) Greenfield Project
3 386 (6.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 355 (6.37%) User Experience
5 328 (5.88%) Analytical Skills
6 266 (4.77%) Derivative
7 213 (3.82%) Equities
8 209 (3.75%) Hedge funds
9 158 (2.83%) Mobile App
10 113 (2.03%) Data Structures
11 104 (1.87%) Algorithms
12 76 (1.36%) Enterprise Software
13 62 (1.11%) Self-Motivation
14 58 (1.04%) Cloud Native
15 49 (0.88%) Virtual Team
16 44 (0.79%) Credit Risk
17 34 (0.61%) Market Risk
18 33 (0.59%) Blog
19 27 (0.48%) NHS
20 24 (0.43%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 371 (6.65%) Linux
2 260 (4.66%) Android
3 214 (3.84%) Apple iOS
4 161 (2.89%) Windows
5 159 (2.85%) Unix
6 40 (0.72%) Mac OS X
7 39 (0.70%) Windows Server
8 19 (0.34%) Mac OS
9 11 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 9 (0.16%) Solaris
11 7 (0.13%) Windows 10
12 5 (0.090%) Windows Server 2012
12 5 (0.090%) Windows XP
13 4 (0.072%) VMS
14 3 (0.054%) Embedded Linux
14 3 (0.054%) tvOS
14 3 (0.054%) Ubuntu
15 2 (0.036%) Windows 7
16 1 (0.018%) CentOS
16 1 (0.018%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,266 (40.64%) Agile Software Development
2 1,004 (18.01%) TDD
3 941 (16.88%) Microservices
4 799 (14.33%) DevOps
5 573 (10.28%) Software Engineering
6 570 (10.22%) Scrum
7 540 (9.68%) Front End Development
8 516 (9.25%) Test Automation
9 450 (8.07%) BDD
10 402 (7.21%) Continuous Integration
11 355 (6.37%) OO
12 324 (5.81%) Asset Management
13 315 (5.65%) Pair Programming
14 313 (5.61%) Multithreading
15 309 (5.54%) Problem-Solving
16 304 (5.45%) SDLC
17 301 (5.40%) Web Development
18 292 (5.24%) Analytics
19 270 (4.84%) Business Intelligence
20 269 (4.82%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,878 (33.68%) Java
2 1,630 (29.23%) JavaScript
3 1,210 (21.70%) SQL
4 1,109 (19.89%) C#
5 883 (15.84%) Python
6 430 (7.71%) Java 8
7 416 (7.46%) TypeScript
8 226 (4.05%) Kotlin
9 225 (4.04%) C++
10 198 (3.55%) T-SQL
11 188 (3.37%) PHP
12 176 (3.16%) Scala
13 166 (2.98%) Ruby
14 135 (2.42%) ES6
15 116 (2.08%) Apple Swift
16 99 (1.78%) C
16 99 (1.78%) VBA
17 94 (1.69%) PowerShell
18 93 (1.67%) PL/SQL
19 91 (1.63%) R
Qualifications
1 414 (7.42%) Security Cleared
2 333 (5.97%) SC Cleared
3 246 (4.41%) Degree
4 117 (2.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 35 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
6 25 (0.45%) DV Cleared
7 18 (0.32%) Master's Degree
8 16 (0.29%) CTC Cleared
9 12 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
10 9 (0.16%) BC Cleared
10 9 (0.16%) DBS Check
10 9 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
11 5 (0.090%) ISTQB
12 3 (0.054%) MCITP
13 2 (0.036%) ISEB
13 2 (0.036%) PhD
13 2 (0.036%) Sun Certification
14 1 (0.018%) CISSP
14 1 (0.018%) ITIL Certification
14 1 (0.018%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 174 (3.12%) QA
2 47 (0.84%) Data Quality
3 16 (0.29%) MiFID
3 16 (0.29%) WCAG
4 12 (0.22%) GDPR
5 11 (0.20%) SLA
6 8 (0.14%) Solvency II
7 5 (0.090%) Basel III
7 5 (0.090%) HL7
8 3 (0.054%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.054%) IFRS
8 3 (0.054%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.054%) PMO
9 2 (0.036%) PSD2
10 1 (0.018%) COREP
10 1 (0.018%) EMIR
10 1 (0.018%) FINREP
10 1 (0.018%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.018%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.018%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 733 (13.15%) Docker
2 35 (0.63%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.14%) HDFS
4 6 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.090%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.072%) vSphere
7 3 (0.054%) OpenAM
7 3 (0.054%) OpenDJ
7 3 (0.054%) zsh
8 2 (0.036%) Apache Flume
8 2 (0.036%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.036%) BusyBox
8 2 (0.036%) LXC
8 2 (0.036%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.018%) Ceph
9 1 (0.018%) GridGain
9 1 (0.018%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.018%) Oracle Clusterware
9 1 (0.018%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 1 (0.018%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 531 (9.52%) Kubernetes
2 161 (2.89%) Terraform
3 43 (0.77%) Ansible
4 28 (0.50%) Prometheus
5 26 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
6 23 (0.41%) Kibana
7 21 (0.38%) Zipkin
8 17 (0.30%) Opscode Chef
9 16 (0.29%) logstash
10 15 (0.27%) Puppet
11 11 (0.20%) Grafana
12 6 (0.11%) Consul
13 5 (0.090%) Docker Swarm
13 5 (0.090%) Mesos
14 4 (0.072%) Control-M
14 4 (0.072%) Hadoop YARN
14 4 (0.072%) linkerd
15 3 (0.054%) Istio
15 3 (0.054%) MIIS
15 3 (0.054%) Oracle Statspack
Vendors
1 391 (7.01%) Oracle
2 354 (6.35%) Microsoft
3 196 (3.52%) Google
4 132 (2.37%) Salesforce.com
5 76 (1.36%) Tableau
6 72 (1.29%) SAP
7 48 (0.86%) Adobe
8 45 (0.81%) ION Trading
9 44 (0.79%) ServiceNow
10 40 (0.72%) Atlassian
11 36 (0.65%) Bloomberg
12 35 (0.63%) Sybase
13 32 (0.57%) TIBCO
14 31 (0.56%) IBM
15 30 (0.54%) hybris
15 30 (0.54%) Informatica
16 29 (0.52%) DevExpress
17 25 (0.45%) MuleSoft
18 23 (0.41%) Sitecore
18 23 (0.41%) webMethods