Period
to 26 July 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 1 2
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 -1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 7,774 4,945 11,644
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 26.20% 30.46% 28.60%
As % of the Job Titles category 28.25% 32.70% 30.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,996 3,772 9,107
10th Percentile £394 £375 £370
25th Percentile £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £663 £638 £600
90th Percentile £738 £713 £687
England median daily rate £510 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 18 26
10th Percentile £42.50 £22.20 £16.25
25th Percentile £52.50 £27.13 £24.25
Median hourly rate £64.00 £56.25 £48.75
Median % change year-on-year +13.78% +15.38% +25.14%
75th Percentile £68.27 £63.00 £60.40
90th Percentile £69.77 £66.53 £122.50
England median hourly rate £50.00 £39.00 £47.00
% change year-on-year +28.21% -17.02% +10.59%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 27,523 15,122 38,374
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.76% 93.13% 94.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,798 10,907 27,882
10th Percentile £350 £313 £313
25th Percentile £438 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £530 £513 £500
Median % change year-on-year +3.41% +2.50% -
75th Percentile £638 £613 £600
90th Percentile £725 £700 £680
England median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 274 184 466
10th Percentile £15.00 £14.31 £12.02
25th Percentile £20.00 £19.66 £15.00
Median hourly rate £32.42 £34.09 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year -4.89% +70.44% -
75th Percentile £51.55 £47.83 £37.35
90th Percentile £66.50 £61.18 £53.00
England median hourly rate £19.91 £20.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -0.45% +5.26% +5.56%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in London

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 1,050 £600 +14.29% 924
West London +1 111 £550 +4.76% 272
South London -1 49 £525 - 42
East London -1 42 £495 +4.21% 181
North London -6 3 £363 -23.68% 19
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 2,900 (37.30%) Agile Software Development
2 2,624 (33.75%) Java
3 2,276 (29.28%) JavaScript
4 2,059 (26.49%) Finance
5 1,730 (22.25%) React
6 1,726 (22.20%) SQL
7 1,487 (19.13%) TDD
8 1,450 (18.65%) AWS
9 1,393 (17.92%) Banking
10 1,359 (17.48%) Azure
11 1,350 (17.37%) Python
12 1,341 (17.25%) C#
13 1,334 (17.16%) .NET
14 1,219 (15.68%) Microservices
15 1,157 (14.88%) HTML
16 1,133 (14.57%) DevOps
17 1,110 (14.28%) Docker
18 1,098 (14.12%) Social Skills
19 1,087 (13.98%) Front Office
20 1,074 (13.82%) Software Engineering
21 1,060 (13.64%) AngularJS
22 1,053 (13.55%) Spring
23 1,011 (13.00%) Kubernetes
24 1,008 (12.97%) TypeScript
25 992 (12.76%) Git (software)
26 976 (12.55%) CSS
27 949 (12.21%) Node.js
28 770 (9.90%) Web Services
29 722 (9.29%) Scrum
30 716 (9.21%) Investment Banking

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 156 (2.01%) Apache Spark
2 135 (1.74%) Apache
3 132 (1.70%) Confluence
4 127 (1.63%) CMS
5 118 (1.52%) SharePoint
6 88 (1.13%) Mule
7 83 (1.07%) Elasticsearch
8 76 (0.98%) Oracle Coherence
9 53 (0.68%) Tomcat
10 46 (0.59%) JBoss
11 44 (0.57%) nginx
12 43 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 42 (0.54%) WordPress
14 41 (0.53%) Red Hat Fuse
15 40 (0.51%) BizTalk Server
15 40 (0.51%) IIS
16 36 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
17 32 (0.41%) Drupal
17 32 (0.41%) WebSphere
18 25 (0.32%) WebLogic
Applications
1 102 (1.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 26 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
3 22 (0.28%) Photoshop
4 15 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.17%) Chatbot
6 12 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
7 10 (0.13%) Adobe XD
8 8 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
8 8 (0.10%) InfoPath
9 7 (0.090%) Figma
9 7 (0.090%) MS Visio
10 4 (0.051%) Microsoft Project
10 4 (0.051%) Oracle Smart View
10 4 (0.051%) Sketch
11 3 (0.039%) Blender
12 2 (0.026%) Adobe Captivate
12 2 (0.026%) Adobe Premiere
12 2 (0.026%) GIMP
12 2 (0.026%) Zeplin
13 1 (0.013%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 45 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 33 (0.42%) SunGard Martini
3 30 (0.39%) Magento
4 24 (0.31%) ION MarketView
5 20 (0.26%) Shopify
6 14 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
6 14 (0.18%) Summit
7 12 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
8 11 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
9 10 (0.13%) Orchestrade
10 9 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
11 8 (0.10%) NetSuite
11 8 (0.10%) Oracle Financials
12 7 (0.090%) Dynamics AX
12 7 (0.090%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 6 (0.077%) SAP Oil and Gas
13 6 (0.077%) SAP S/4HANA
14 5 (0.064%) Dynamics NAV
14 5 (0.064%) Hyperion Planning
14 5 (0.064%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 1,450 (18.65%) AWS
2 1,359 (17.48%) Azure
3 614 (7.90%) Serverless
4 426 (5.48%) GCP
5 418 (5.38%) AWS Lambda
6 276 (3.55%) Power Platform
7 245 (3.15%) Amazon S3
8 202 (2.60%) Amazon SQS
9 192 (2.47%) GitHub
10 162 (2.08%) AWS Step Functions
11 110 (1.41%) PaaS
12 107 (1.38%) Azure Functions
13 95 (1.22%) npm
14 88 (1.13%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 86 (1.11%) Amazon EC2
16 82 (1.05%) SaaS
17 80 (1.03%) IaaS
18 79 (1.02%) AWS CloudFormation
19 73 (0.94%) Microsoft 365
20 71 (0.91%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 104 (1.34%) HTTP
2 54 (0.69%) TCP/IP
3 42 (0.54%) SSL
4 41 (0.53%) Internet
5 24 (0.31%) HTTPS
6 21 (0.27%) RTMP
7 15 (0.19%) Intranet
8 14 (0.18%) AMQP
9 12 (0.15%) Broadband
10 11 (0.14%) DNS
11 8 (0.10%) 2G
11 8 (0.10%) Firewall
12 6 (0.077%) BGP
12 6 (0.077%) FIX Connectivity
12 6 (0.077%) Kerberos
12 6 (0.077%) VPN
13 5 (0.064%) Multicast
14 4 (0.051%) MQTT
14 4 (0.051%) SMS
15 3 (0.039%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 674 (8.67%) SQL Server
2 355 (4.57%) Relational Database
3 312 (4.01%) NoSQL
4 275 (3.54%) PostgreSQL
5 272 (3.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 245 (3.15%) MongoDB
7 233 (3.00%) Power BI
8 209 (2.69%) MySQL
9 177 (2.28%) Big Data
10 176 (2.26%) Data Warehouse
11 167 (2.15%) Amazon RDS
12 148 (1.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 140 (1.80%) Redis
14 129 (1.66%) Oracle Database
15 120 (1.54%) Hadoop
16 116 (1.49%) Azure SQL Database
17 97 (1.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 97 (1.25%) Tableau
18 91 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
19 84 (1.08%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 992 (12.76%) Git (software)
2 706 (9.08%) Jenkins
3 382 (4.91%) JIRA
4 287 (3.69%) Maven
5 219 (2.82%) JUnit
6 194 (2.50%) TeamCity
7 172 (2.21%) Visual Studio
8 167 (2.15%) Subversion
9 147 (1.89%) Cucumber
10 130 (1.67%) Bitbucket
10 130 (1.67%) webpack
11 127 (1.63%) Mockito
12 119 (1.53%) Gradle
13 94 (1.21%) Cypress.io
13 94 (1.21%) Jasmine
14 89 (1.14%) Selenium
15 77 (0.99%) Artifactory
16 70 (0.90%) GitLab
17 64 (0.82%) Mocha
18 60 (0.77%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 2,059 (26.49%) Finance
2 1,393 (17.92%) Banking
3 1,098 (14.12%) Social Skills
4 1,087 (13.98%) Front Office
5 716 (9.21%) Investment Banking
6 347 (4.46%) Analytical Skills
7 172 (2.21%) Retail
8 161 (2.07%) Public Sector
9 136 (1.75%) Marketing
10 105 (1.35%) Telecoms
11 93 (1.20%) Manufacturing
12 84 (1.08%) Back Office
13 72 (0.93%) Financial Institution
14 67 (0.86%) Presentation Skills
15 65 (0.84%) Games
16 59 (0.76%) Documentation Skills
17 45 (0.58%) Publishing
18 41 (0.53%) Electronics
19 35 (0.45%) Law
20 32 (0.41%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,730 (22.25%) React
2 1,334 (17.16%) .NET
3 1,157 (14.88%) HTML
4 1,060 (13.64%) AngularJS
5 1,053 (13.55%) Spring
6 976 (12.55%) CSS
7 949 (12.21%) Node.js
8 770 (9.90%) Web Services
9 716 (9.21%) REST
10 582 (7.49%) Spring Boot
11 550 (7.07%) RESTful
12 486 (6.25%) HTML5
13 455 (5.85%) Kafka
14 408 (5.25%) .NET Core
15 349 (4.49%) Redux
16 348 (4.48%) GraphQL
17 286 (3.68%) XML
18 272 (3.50%) JSON
19 262 (3.37%) .NET Framework
20 256 (3.29%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 537 (6.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 452 (5.81%) User Experience
3 442 (5.69%) Greenfield Project
4 435 (5.60%) Fixed Income
5 376 (4.84%) Derivative
6 321 (4.13%) Data Structures
7 240 (3.09%) Algorithms
8 224 (2.88%) Equities
9 219 (2.82%) Mobile App
10 159 (2.05%) Enterprise Software
11 142 (1.83%) Hedge funds
12 106 (1.36%) Data Protection Act
13 98 (1.26%) Credit Risk
14 95 (1.22%) Cloud Native
15 94 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
16 93 (1.20%) Legacy Systems
17 92 (1.18%) Market Risk
18 86 (1.11%) Management Information System
19 68 (0.87%) Virtual Team
20 45 (0.58%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 586 (7.54%) Linux
2 361 (4.64%) Unix
3 264 (3.40%) Android
4 247 (3.18%) Windows
5 218 (2.80%) Apple iOS
6 31 (0.40%) Mac OS
7 29 (0.37%) Mac OS X
8 11 (0.14%) VMS
9 10 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 9 (0.12%) Debian
11 8 (0.10%) CentOS
11 8 (0.10%) tvOS
12 7 (0.090%) Windows Server
13 6 (0.077%) Windows Server 2019
14 5 (0.064%) Windows 10
15 4 (0.051%) Android TV
15 4 (0.051%) CoreOS
15 4 (0.051%) Windows Server 2016
16 3 (0.039%) Embedded Linux
17 2 (0.026%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,900 (37.30%) Agile Software Development
2 1,487 (19.13%) TDD
3 1,219 (15.68%) Microservices
4 1,133 (14.57%) DevOps
5 1,074 (13.82%) Software Engineering
6 722 (9.29%) Scrum
7 693 (8.91%) Test Automation
8 614 (7.90%) Front End Development
9 603 (7.76%) Multithreading
10 593 (7.63%) Continuous Integration
11 532 (6.84%) BDD
12 509 (6.55%) Problem-Solving
13 480 (6.17%) Unit Testing
14 460 (5.92%) SDLC
15 442 (5.69%) Analytics
16 414 (5.33%) Asset Management
17 405 (5.21%) OO
18 364 (4.68%) Low Latency
19 360 (4.63%) Electronic Trading
20 352 (4.53%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 2,624 (33.75%) Java
2 2,276 (29.28%) JavaScript
3 1,726 (22.20%) SQL
4 1,350 (17.37%) Python
5 1,341 (17.25%) C#
6 1,008 (12.97%) TypeScript
7 578 (7.44%) C++
8 459 (5.90%) Java 8
9 403 (5.18%) Kotlin
10 383 (4.93%) Scala
11 218 (2.80%) PL/SQL
12 213 (2.74%) PHP
13 170 (2.19%) ES6
14 168 (2.16%) Go
15 163 (2.10%) T-SQL
16 158 (2.03%) Java 11
17 132 (1.70%) Ruby
18 130 (1.67%) PowerShell
19 119 (1.53%) Apple Swift
20 106 (1.36%) C
Qualifications
1 367 (4.72%) Degree
2 257 (3.31%) Security Cleared
3 224 (2.88%) SC Cleared
4 98 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
5 35 (0.45%) PhD
6 34 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
7 23 (0.30%) AWS Certification
8 18 (0.23%) Master's Degree
9 17 (0.22%) DV Cleared
10 13 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
11 9 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
12 8 (0.10%) DBS Check
12 8 (0.10%) ISTQB
13 7 (0.090%) Sun Certification
14 3 (0.039%) CFA
14 3 (0.039%) CTC Cleared
14 3 (0.039%) ITIL Certification
15 2 (0.026%) CCNA
15 2 (0.026%) Cisco Certification
15 2 (0.026%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 215 (2.77%) QA
2 139 (1.79%) Accessibility
3 39 (0.50%) Data Quality
4 27 (0.35%) MiFID
5 18 (0.23%) PMO
6 17 (0.22%) SLA
6 17 (0.22%) WCAG
7 11 (0.14%) GDPR
7 11 (0.14%) GRC
8 8 (0.10%) ISO 20022
9 7 (0.090%) FINREP
10 6 (0.077%) COREP
10 6 (0.077%) EMIR
10 6 (0.077%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.039%) Basel III
11 3 (0.039%) CRD IV
11 3 (0.039%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.039%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.026%) IFRS
12 2 (0.026%) ISO 15022
System Software
1 1,110 (14.28%) Docker
2 52 (0.67%) Active Directory
3 23 (0.30%) Platform Symphony
4 20 (0.26%) HDFS
5 12 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 10 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
8 6 (0.077%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.064%) vSphere
10 4 (0.051%) OpenAM
10 4 (0.051%) Varnish
11 3 (0.039%) GridGain
12 2 (0.026%) iptables
12 2 (0.026%) KVM
12 2 (0.026%) OpenDJ
12 2 (0.026%) OpenIDM
12 2 (0.026%) Xen
13 1 (0.013%) Ceph
13 1 (0.013%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 1,011 (13.00%) Kubernetes
2 415 (5.34%) Terraform
3 167 (2.15%) Ansible
4 95 (1.22%) Grafana
5 90 (1.16%) Prometheus
6 34 (0.44%) Puppet
7 29 (0.37%) Opscode Chef
8 25 (0.32%) Control-M
9 24 (0.31%) Kibana
10 18 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
11 16 (0.21%) ZABBIX
12 15 (0.19%) BladeLogic
13 12 (0.15%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 11 (0.14%) Microsoft Intune
15 10 (0.13%) Graphite
16 6 (0.077%) Hadoop YARN
17 5 (0.064%) Oozie
17 5 (0.064%) vCenter Server
18 4 (0.051%) ITRS Geneos
18 4 (0.051%) logstash
Vendors
1 707 (9.09%) Oracle
2 404 (5.20%) Microsoft
3 179 (2.30%) Salesforce.com
4 167 (2.15%) Google
5 105 (1.35%) SAP
6 104 (1.34%) MuleSoft
7 80 (1.03%) ION Trading
8 72 (0.93%) Splunk
8 72 (0.93%) TIBCO
9 62 (0.80%) Adobe
10 58 (0.75%) IBM
11 51 (0.66%) ServiceNow
12 50 (0.64%) Sybase
13 43 (0.55%) Atlassian
14 41 (0.53%) Apple
15 40 (0.51%) Databricks
16 36 (0.46%) hybris
16 36 (0.46%) Murex
17 34 (0.44%) FIS
18 33 (0.42%) SunGard