Period
to 25 January 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £70,000 in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
25 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 7,233 14,497 18,121
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 29.72% 28.51% 28.73%
As % of the Job Titles category 31.79% 30.06% 30.12%
Number of salaries quoted 7,437 13,554 16,662
Median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +6.61%
10th Percentile £45,000 £40,750 £37,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £97,500 £92,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
London
Permanent vacancies in London with a recognized job title 22,754 48,224 60,172
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.49% 94.85% 95.41%
Number of salaries quoted 19,105 39,484 49,872
Median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £41,250 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £101,250 £100,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £51,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +1.94% +3.00%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Salary trend for Developer in London

Developer
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 25 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 1,519 £70,000 - 673
West London 0 195 £60,000 - 186
South London +2 185 £60,305 +4.88% 27
East London +5 49 £52,500 -12.50% 126
North London -5 9 £52,500 -4.55% 13
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 25 January 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 2,952 (40.81%) Agile Software Development
2 2,917 (40.33%) JavaScript
3 2,253 (31.15%) Finance
4 2,192 (30.31%) Java
5 1,807 (24.98%) SQL
6 1,760 (24.33%) Python
7 1,704 (23.56%) React
8 1,687 (23.32%) AWS
9 1,686 (23.31%) C#
10 1,656 (22.90%) .NET
11 1,446 (19.99%) Azure
12 1,303 (18.01%) TDD
13 1,279 (17.68%) AngularJS
14 1,243 (17.19%) HTML
15 1,237 (17.10%) Microservices
16 1,235 (17.07%) CSS
17 1,194 (16.51%) Software Engineering
18 1,160 (16.04%) DevOps
19 1,053 (14.56%) Docker
20 1,032 (14.27%) Node.js
21 995 (13.76%) Web Services
22 983 (13.59%) Fintech
23 964 (13.33%) SQL Server
24 849 (11.74%) Git (software)
25 847 (11.71%) TypeScript
26 779 (10.77%) Kubernetes
27 772 (10.67%) Front Office
28 707 (9.77%) .NET Core
29 700 (9.68%) Front End Development
30 688 (9.51%) Banking

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 164 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
2 157 (2.17%) SharePoint
3 153 (2.12%) CMS
4 137 (1.89%) Apache
5 128 (1.77%) Apache Spark
6 120 (1.66%) Confluence
7 68 (0.94%) WordPress
8 40 (0.55%) Apache Airflow
8 40 (0.55%) IIS
9 36 (0.50%) Drupal
10 33 (0.46%) WebSphere
11 26 (0.36%) Umbraco
12 23 (0.32%) Sitecore CMS
13 22 (0.30%) nginx
14 21 (0.29%) BizTalk Server
14 21 (0.29%) Moodle
15 20 (0.28%) Tomcat
16 19 (0.26%) EPiServer
17 13 (0.18%) Headless CMS
17 13 (0.18%) Tornado
Applications
1 92 (1.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 72 (1.00%) Sketch
3 49 (0.68%) Figma
4 44 (0.61%) Adobe XD
5 34 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
6 26 (0.36%) InVision
7 24 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
8 19 (0.26%) Photoshop
9 15 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 14 (0.19%) Zeplin
11 13 (0.18%) Chatbot
12 5 (0.069%) Adobe Illustrator
12 5 (0.069%) MS Visio
13 3 (0.041%) GIMP
13 3 (0.041%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 2 (0.028%) Fireworks
14 2 (0.028%) Inkscape
15 1 (0.014%) 3ds Max
15 1 (0.014%) Adobe After Effects
15 1 (0.014%) Maya
Business Applications
1 138 (1.91%) Dynamics CRM
2 39 (0.54%) Magento
3 28 (0.39%) Shopify
4 21 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
5 20 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
6 16 (0.22%) R3 Corda
6 16 (0.22%) Sentinel
7 10 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
7 10 (0.14%) FINCAD Analytics
8 9 (0.12%) Summit
9 8 (0.11%) NetSuite
10 6 (0.083%) Elite 3E
11 4 (0.055%) Maximo
12 3 (0.041%) Infor CloudSuite Industrial (formerly SyteLine)
12 3 (0.041%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 2 (0.028%) SAP Hybris
13 2 (0.028%) Siebel CRM
14 1 (0.014%) Distributed Ledger
14 1 (0.014%) FastStats PeopleStage
14 1 (0.014%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,687 (23.32%) AWS
2 1,446 (19.99%) Azure
3 525 (7.26%) Serverless
4 508 (7.02%) GCP
5 275 (3.80%) AWS Lambda
6 251 (3.47%) Power Platform
7 250 (3.46%) SaaS
8 167 (2.31%) Amazon S3
9 157 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
10 141 (1.95%) GitHub
11 104 (1.44%) Dynamics 365
12 89 (1.23%) PaaS
13 83 (1.15%) Azure Functions
14 76 (1.05%) npm
15 74 (1.02%) Amazon SQS
16 71 (0.98%) Azure Active Directory
17 65 (0.90%) Amazon ECS
18 61 (0.84%) Azure Data Factory
19 59 (0.82%) Amazon Kinesis
20 53 (0.73%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 72 (1.00%) HTTP
2 38 (0.53%) TCP/IP
3 36 (0.50%) Internet
4 20 (0.28%) Firewall
5 14 (0.19%) Intranet
5 14 (0.19%) Skype
6 13 (0.18%) FTP
7 11 (0.15%) AMQP
8 10 (0.14%) SSH
9 4 (0.055%) HTTPS
9 4 (0.055%) Unified Communications
9 4 (0.055%) WEP
10 3 (0.041%) Kerberos
10 3 (0.041%) Multicast
10 3 (0.041%) Wi-Fi
11 2 (0.028%) Ethernet
11 2 (0.028%) InfiniBand
11 2 (0.028%) LAN
12 1 (0.014%) DHCP
12 1 (0.014%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 964 (13.33%) SQL Server
2 461 (6.37%) PostgreSQL
3 410 (5.67%) NoSQL
4 389 (5.38%) MySQL
5 381 (5.27%) MongoDB
6 338 (4.67%) Relational Database
7 237 (3.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 227 (3.14%) Data Warehouse
9 219 (3.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 205 (2.83%) Power BI
11 192 (2.65%) Redis
12 183 (2.53%) Big Data
13 159 (2.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 100 (1.38%) Hadoop
15 98 (1.35%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 90 (1.24%) Apache Cassandra
17 76 (1.05%) RDBMS
18 75 (1.04%) Blockchain
19 74 (1.02%) Tableau
20 71 (0.98%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 849 (11.74%) Git (software)
2 338 (4.67%) Jenkins
3 235 (3.25%) JIRA
4 159 (2.20%) Visual Studio
5 151 (2.09%) webpack
6 146 (2.02%) Selenium
7 125 (1.73%) TeamCity
8 112 (1.55%) Team Foundation Server
9 106 (1.47%) Maven
10 93 (1.29%) Cucumber
10 93 (1.29%) JUnit
11 92 (1.27%) Cypress.io
12 84 (1.16%) GitLab
13 72 (1.00%) Subversion
14 71 (0.98%) Octopus Deploy
15 66 (0.91%) Mocha
16 64 (0.88%) Grunt
16 64 (0.88%) Jasmine
16 64 (0.88%) Visual Studio Team System
17 60 (0.83%) Bitbucket
General
1 2,253 (31.15%) Finance
2 772 (10.67%) Front Office
3 688 (9.51%) Banking
4 262 (3.62%) Retail
5 225 (3.11%) Marketing
6 224 (3.10%) Games
7 187 (2.59%) Investment Banking
8 149 (2.06%) Public Sector
9 101 (1.40%) Advertising
10 72 (1.00%) Manufacturing
11 70 (0.97%) Legal
12 65 (0.90%) Back Office
13 59 (0.82%) Law
14 45 (0.62%) Financial Institution
14 45 (0.62%) Telecoms
15 43 (0.59%) Publishing
16 41 (0.57%) Automotive
17 23 (0.32%) Private Banking
18 22 (0.30%) Electronics
19 21 (0.29%) Local Government
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,704 (23.56%) React
2 1,656 (22.90%) .NET
3 1,279 (17.68%) AngularJS
4 1,243 (17.19%) HTML
5 1,235 (17.07%) CSS
6 1,032 (14.27%) Node.js
7 995 (13.76%) Web Services
8 707 (9.77%) .NET Core
9 687 (9.50%) Vue.js
10 684 (9.46%) REST
11 604 (8.35%) Spring
12 541 (7.48%) RESTful
13 478 (6.61%) Kafka
14 461 (6.37%) ASP.NET
15 455 (6.29%) HTML5
16 391 (5.41%) Redux
17 378 (5.23%) Spring Boot
18 365 (5.05%) ASP.NET Web API
19 337 (4.66%) React Native
20 326 (4.51%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 601 (8.31%) Greenfield Project
2 510 (7.05%) Hedge funds
3 486 (6.72%) Fixed Income
4 462 (6.39%) Derivative
5 408 (5.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 404 (5.59%) User Experience
7 396 (5.47%) Equities
8 375 (5.18%) Analytical Skills
9 304 (4.20%) Mobile App
10 216 (2.99%) Algorithms
11 166 (2.30%) Data Structures
12 163 (2.25%) Self-Motivation
13 131 (1.81%) Blog
14 103 (1.42%) Virtual Team
15 86 (1.19%) Cloud Native
16 76 (1.05%) Enterprise Software
17 69 (0.95%) N-Tier
18 64 (0.88%) Social Media
19 56 (0.77%) Credit Derivative
20 48 (0.66%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 439 (6.07%) Linux
2 288 (3.98%) Android
3 240 (3.32%) Apple iOS
4 188 (2.60%) Windows
5 122 (1.69%) Unix
6 28 (0.39%) Windows Server
7 14 (0.19%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.12%) CentOS
8 9 (0.12%) VMS
9 7 (0.097%) Solaris
10 6 (0.083%) Oracle Linux
10 6 (0.083%) Windows Server 2008
11 5 (0.069%) Debian
11 5 (0.069%) Mac OS
11 5 (0.069%) Mac OS X
11 5 (0.069%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 5 (0.069%) Windows Server 2016
12 4 (0.055%) AIX
13 2 (0.028%) Fedora
13 2 (0.028%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,952 (40.81%) Agile Software Development
2 1,303 (18.01%) TDD
3 1,237 (17.10%) Microservices
4 1,194 (16.51%) Software Engineering
5 1,160 (16.04%) DevOps
6 983 (13.59%) Fintech
7 700 (9.68%) Front End Development
8 645 (8.92%) Scrum
9 601 (8.31%) OO
10 573 (7.92%) MVC
11 559 (7.73%) Test Automation
12 548 (7.58%) Continuous Integration
13 536 (7.41%) Analytics
14 524 (7.24%) Asset Management
15 513 (7.09%) Problem-Solving
16 509 (7.04%) BDD
17 498 (6.89%) Computer Science
18 445 (6.15%) Web Development
19 399 (5.52%) Unit Testing
20 392 (5.42%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,917 (40.33%) JavaScript
2 2,192 (30.31%) Java
3 1,807 (24.98%) SQL
4 1,760 (24.33%) Python
5 1,686 (23.31%) C#
6 847 (11.71%) TypeScript
7 439 (6.07%) C++
8 431 (5.96%) Kotlin
9 424 (5.86%) PHP
10 334 (4.62%) Java 8
11 323 (4.47%) T-SQL
12 284 (3.93%) Scala
13 228 (3.15%) Ruby
14 190 (2.63%) Go
15 177 (2.45%) ES6
16 135 (1.87%) C
17 109 (1.51%) R
18 106 (1.47%) Apple Swift
19 103 (1.42%) PowerShell
20 101 (1.40%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 628 (8.68%) Degree
2 248 (3.43%) Computer Science Degree
3 126 (1.74%) Security Cleared
4 106 (1.47%) SC Cleared
5 57 (0.79%) Master's Degree
6 33 (0.46%) PhD
7 26 (0.36%) DV Cleared
8 25 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
9 12 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
10 10 (0.14%) Postgraduate
11 8 (0.11%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 8 (0.11%) SANS
12 5 (0.069%) ISEB
12 5 (0.069%) ISTQB
13 4 (0.055%) AWS Certification
13 4 (0.055%) HND
13 4 (0.055%) Tableau Certification
14 3 (0.041%) MCP
14 3 (0.041%) OSCE
14 3 (0.041%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 251 (3.47%) QA
2 41 (0.57%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.30%) NIST
4 16 (0.22%) GDPR
5 15 (0.21%) MiFID
6 14 (0.19%) SLA
7 13 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
7 13 (0.18%) EMIR
7 13 (0.18%) WCAG
8 8 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 6 (0.083%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.055%) PSD2
11 3 (0.041%) ISO 13485
11 3 (0.041%) PMO
12 2 (0.028%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 1,053 (14.56%) Docker
2 45 (0.62%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.15%) Postfix
4 7 (0.097%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.041%) Firmware
5 3 (0.041%) LXC
6 2 (0.028%) Varnish
6 2 (0.028%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.014%) HDFS
7 1 (0.014%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.014%) NFS
7 1 (0.014%) Platform Symphony
7 1 (0.014%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 779 (10.77%) Kubernetes
2 247 (3.41%) Terraform
3 51 (0.71%) Ansible
4 47 (0.65%) Puppet
5 37 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (0.30%) Kibana
6 22 (0.30%) Prometheus
7 20 (0.28%) Grafana
8 12 (0.17%) Istio
9 8 (0.11%) Rancher
10 6 (0.083%) Marathon
10 6 (0.083%) Mesos
10 6 (0.083%) Single Sign-On
11 5 (0.069%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.055%) SELinux
13 3 (0.041%) HAProxy
13 3 (0.041%) linkerd
13 3 (0.041%) logstash
13 3 (0.041%) Pingdom
13 3 (0.041%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 612 (8.46%) Microsoft
2 346 (4.78%) Google
3 244 (3.37%) Salesforce.com
4 213 (2.94%) Oracle
5 81 (1.12%) Adobe
6 55 (0.76%) MuleSoft
7 52 (0.72%) IBM
8 51 (0.71%) Xamarin
9 50 (0.69%) Databricks
10 49 (0.68%) Apple
11 47 (0.65%) Atlassian
12 45 (0.62%) Nintex
12 45 (0.62%) ServiceNow
13 39 (0.54%) SAP
14 31 (0.43%) Sybase
15 28 (0.39%) Facebook
16 27 (0.37%) Solace
17 26 (0.36%) Zend
18 24 (0.33%) Sitecore
18 24 (0.33%) Sony