Period
to 25 June 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £70,000 in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 3 2
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 0
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 11,389 9,454 15,587
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 28.16% 28.29% 26.99%
As % of the Job Titles category 31.21% 30.01% 28.31%
Number of salaries quoted 8,076 8,113 13,570
10th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £68,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.94% +4.62% +8.33%
75th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,000
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% +5.26%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
London
Permanent vacancies in London with a recognized job title 36,491 31,501 55,058
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 90.21% 94.27% 95.33%
Number of salaries quoted 26,269 25,956 45,555
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £52,000 £50,000 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,000
% change year-on-year - +5.77% +4.00%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Salary trend for Developer in London

Developer
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 1,706 £72,500 +3.57% 927
West London +1 412 £60,000 +4.35% 275
South London +6 253 £57,500 -2.96% 45
East London -1 52 £51,250 -2.38% 148
North London +16 23 £50,000 -9.09% 23
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 5,043 (44.28%) JavaScript
2 4,734 (41.57%) Agile Software Development
3 3,276 (28.76%) Finance
4 3,236 (28.41%) Java
5 3,199 (28.09%) React
6 2,699 (23.70%) SQL
7 2,658 (23.34%) AWS
8 2,490 (21.86%) C#
9 2,396 (21.04%) Python
10 2,345 (20.59%) HTML
11 2,330 (20.46%) CSS
12 2,310 (20.28%) .NET
13 2,166 (19.02%) Software Engineering
14 2,124 (18.65%) TypeScript
15 2,073 (18.20%) Microservices
16 2,013 (17.67%) Docker
17 1,980 (17.39%) Social Skills
18 1,972 (17.31%) AngularJS
19 1,911 (16.78%) Azure
20 1,909 (16.76%) Node.js
21 1,900 (16.68%) TDD
22 1,888 (16.58%) Git (software)
23 1,645 (14.44%) Front End Development
24 1,606 (14.10%) DevOps
25 1,485 (13.04%) REST
26 1,453 (12.76%) Web Services
27 1,420 (12.47%) Kubernetes
28 1,378 (12.10%) Fintech
29 1,286 (11.29%) SQL Server
30 1,231 (10.81%) User Experience

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 302 (2.65%) Elasticsearch
2 271 (2.38%) CMS
3 252 (2.21%) Confluence
4 214 (1.88%) Apache
5 199 (1.75%) SharePoint
6 181 (1.59%) WordPress
7 180 (1.58%) Apache Spark
8 89 (0.78%) Drupal
9 75 (0.66%) Tomcat
10 70 (0.61%) nginx
11 60 (0.53%) IIS
12 43 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
13 41 (0.36%) Umbraco
14 35 (0.31%) EPiServer
15 34 (0.30%) Apache Solr
16 27 (0.24%) Sitecore CMS
16 27 (0.24%) Tornado
17 26 (0.23%) Headless CMS
18 23 (0.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 23 (0.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 111 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 71 (0.62%) Sketch
3 67 (0.59%) Photoshop
4 56 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
5 55 (0.48%) Figma
6 37 (0.32%) InVision
7 23 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
7 23 (0.20%) Adobe XD
8 22 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
9 21 (0.18%) Chatbot
10 13 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 13 (0.11%) GIMP
11 9 (0.079%) UXPin
11 9 (0.079%) Zeplin
12 6 (0.053%) Adobe After Effects
13 4 (0.035%) Fireworks
14 3 (0.026%) AutoCAD
14 3 (0.026%) Revit
15 2 (0.018%) Blender
15 2 (0.018%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 179 (1.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 49 (0.43%) Magento
3 47 (0.41%) Shopify
4 28 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
5 18 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
5 18 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
6 12 (0.11%) MetaTrader
6 12 (0.11%) NetSuite
7 11 (0.097%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 11 (0.097%) Summit
8 8 (0.070%) R3 Corda
9 7 (0.061%) FINCAD Analytics
9 7 (0.061%) SAP Hybris
9 7 (0.061%) Sentinel
10 5 (0.044%) Dynamics NAV
10 5 (0.044%) Elite 3E
10 5 (0.044%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 5 (0.044%) SAP ERP
11 4 (0.035%) Oracle BPM
11 4 (0.035%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 2,658 (23.34%) AWS
2 1,911 (16.78%) Azure
3 1,052 (9.24%) Serverless
4 836 (7.34%) GCP
5 663 (5.82%) SaaS
6 572 (5.02%) AWS Lambda
7 491 (4.31%) GitHub
8 473 (4.15%) Power Platform
9 373 (3.28%) Amazon S3
10 341 (2.99%) Amazon EC2
11 209 (1.84%) npm
12 204 (1.79%) Amazon SQS
13 182 (1.60%) Azure Functions
14 181 (1.59%) PaaS
15 150 (1.32%) Amazon ECS
16 149 (1.31%) Azure Service Bus
17 148 (1.30%) Firebase
18 130 (1.14%) Dynamics 365
19 127 (1.12%) PowerApps
20 115 (1.01%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 189 (1.66%) HTTP
2 112 (0.98%) Broadband
3 76 (0.67%) Internet
4 45 (0.40%) AMQP
5 36 (0.32%) FTP
6 19 (0.17%) TCP/IP
7 18 (0.16%) VoIP
8 17 (0.15%) Extranet
9 16 (0.14%) SSH
10 14 (0.12%) 5G
10 14 (0.12%) Asterisk PBX
11 13 (0.11%) SSL
12 12 (0.11%) Intranet
12 12 (0.11%) Network Security
13 11 (0.097%) Bluetooth
13 11 (0.097%) SMTP
14 9 (0.079%) DNS
15 8 (0.070%) Firewall
16 7 (0.061%) Ethernet
16 7 (0.061%) RIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,286 (11.29%) SQL Server
2 801 (7.03%) PostgreSQL
3 756 (6.64%) MySQL
4 720 (6.32%) NoSQL
5 673 (5.91%) MongoDB
6 663 (5.82%) Relational Database
7 404 (3.55%) Power BI
8 348 (3.06%) Big Data
9 308 (2.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 294 (2.58%) Data Warehouse
11 292 (2.56%) Redis
12 287 (2.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 286 (2.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 212 (1.86%) Amazon RDS
15 205 (1.80%) RDBMS
16 166 (1.46%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 149 (1.31%) Amazon Aurora
17 149 (1.31%) Hadoop
18 137 (1.20%) Apache Cassandra
19 112 (0.98%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 1,888 (16.58%) Git (software)
2 662 (5.81%) Jenkins
3 539 (4.73%) JIRA
4 398 (3.49%) webpack
5 301 (2.64%) Maven
6 237 (2.08%) Visual Studio
7 234 (2.05%) Cypress.io
8 202 (1.77%) JUnit
9 194 (1.70%) Team Foundation Server
10 193 (1.69%) Bitbucket
11 186 (1.63%) TeamCity
12 177 (1.55%) GitLab
13 175 (1.54%) Selenium
14 156 (1.37%) Gradle
15 152 (1.33%) gulp
16 145 (1.27%) Mockito
17 122 (1.07%) CircleCI
18 119 (1.04%) Cucumber
19 118 (1.04%) Mocha
20 115 (1.01%) NUnit
General
1 3,276 (28.76%) Finance
2 1,980 (17.39%) Social Skills
3 1,055 (9.26%) Banking
4 918 (8.06%) Front Office
5 584 (5.13%) Analytical Skills
6 535 (4.70%) Games
7 461 (4.05%) Marketing
8 425 (3.73%) Retail
9 300 (2.63%) Investment Banking
10 252 (2.21%) Public Sector
11 236 (2.07%) Advertising
12 206 (1.81%) Organisational Skills
13 180 (1.58%) Manufacturing
14 156 (1.37%) Legal
15 152 (1.33%) Back Office
16 141 (1.24%) Financial Institution
17 104 (0.91%) Telecoms
18 91 (0.80%) Publishing
19 89 (0.78%) Electronics
20 85 (0.75%) Automotive
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,199 (28.09%) React
2 2,345 (20.59%) HTML
3 2,330 (20.46%) CSS
4 2,310 (20.28%) .NET
5 1,972 (17.31%) AngularJS
6 1,909 (16.76%) Node.js
7 1,485 (13.04%) REST
8 1,453 (12.76%) Web Services
9 1,088 (9.55%) Spring
10 971 (8.53%) HTML5
11 925 (8.12%) .NET Core
12 897 (7.88%) Vue.js
13 867 (7.61%) RESTful
14 785 (6.89%) GraphQL
15 766 (6.73%) Redux
16 693 (6.08%) React Native
17 637 (5.59%) ASP.NET
18 636 (5.58%) Spring Boot
19 588 (5.16%) Sass
20 577 (5.07%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 1,231 (10.81%) User Experience
2 827 (7.26%) Greenfield Project
3 627 (5.51%) Mobile App
4 539 (4.73%) Hedge funds
5 534 (4.69%) Derivative
6 523 (4.59%) Equities
7 492 (4.32%) Fixed Income
8 480 (4.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 330 (2.90%) Algorithms
10 320 (2.81%) Data Structures
11 315 (2.77%) Self-Motivation
12 173 (1.52%) Social Media
13 143 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
14 141 (1.24%) Blog
15 135 (1.19%) Virtual Team
16 108 (0.95%) Market Risk
17 103 (0.90%) Cloud Native
18 102 (0.90%) NHS
19 100 (0.88%) Pricing Data
20 94 (0.83%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 714 (6.27%) Linux
2 548 (4.81%) Android
3 492 (4.32%) Apple iOS
4 321 (2.82%) Unix
5 318 (2.79%) Windows
6 27 (0.24%) Ubuntu
7 25 (0.22%) Windows Server
8 18 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
9 17 (0.15%) CentOS
10 15 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 13 (0.11%) Debian
12 12 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
13 9 (0.079%) Solaris
14 8 (0.070%) tvOS
15 6 (0.053%) Oracle Linux
16 5 (0.044%) Android TV
16 5 (0.044%) Windows Server 2019
17 4 (0.035%) watchOS
18 3 (0.026%) Mac OS X
18 3 (0.026%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,734 (41.57%) Agile Software Development
2 2,166 (19.02%) Software Engineering
3 2,073 (18.20%) Microservices
4 1,900 (16.68%) TDD
5 1,645 (14.44%) Front End Development
6 1,606 (14.10%) DevOps
7 1,378 (12.10%) Fintech
8 1,071 (9.40%) Scrum
9 1,065 (9.35%) Test Automation
10 1,058 (9.29%) Problem-Solving
11 1,016 (8.92%) Continuous Integration
12 979 (8.60%) Computer Science
13 888 (7.80%) Analytics
14 874 (7.67%) OO
15 868 (7.62%) Web Development
16 861 (7.56%) Mentoring
17 791 (6.95%) MVC
18 752 (6.60%) Asset Management
19 721 (6.33%) SDLC
20 683 (6.00%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 5,043 (44.28%) JavaScript
2 3,236 (28.41%) Java
3 2,699 (23.70%) SQL
4 2,490 (21.86%) C#
5 2,396 (21.04%) Python
6 2,124 (18.65%) TypeScript
7 768 (6.74%) PHP
8 583 (5.12%) Java 8
9 552 (4.85%) Kotlin
10 533 (4.68%) ES6
11 501 (4.40%) C++
12 427 (3.75%) Scala
13 414 (3.64%) Go
14 372 (3.27%) T-SQL
15 301 (2.64%) Ruby
16 183 (1.61%) Apple Swift
17 177 (1.55%) PowerShell
18 167 (1.47%) C
19 139 (1.22%) R
20 113 (0.99%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 1,130 (9.92%) Degree
2 497 (4.36%) Computer Science Degree
3 149 (1.31%) Master's Degree
4 137 (1.20%) Security Cleared
5 102 (0.90%) SC Cleared
6 49 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
7 36 (0.32%) PhD
8 30 (0.26%) CIW
8 30 (0.26%) OCA
8 30 (0.26%) OCAJ
8 30 (0.26%) Oracle Certification
9 25 (0.22%) SANS
10 22 (0.19%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 20 (0.18%) AWS Certification
12 17 (0.15%) DV Cleared
13 12 (0.11%) MBA
14 10 (0.088%) DBS Check
14 10 (0.088%) ISTQB
15 9 (0.079%) CFA
16 8 (0.070%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 443 (3.89%) QA
2 246 (2.16%) Accessibility
3 49 (0.43%) Data Quality
4 38 (0.33%) WCAG
5 31 (0.27%) MiFID
6 28 (0.25%) GDPR
7 25 (0.22%) EMIR
8 19 (0.17%) GRC
9 15 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 15 (0.13%) PMO
10 13 (0.11%) SLA
11 9 (0.079%) Basel II
11 9 (0.079%) CRD IV
12 7 (0.061%) ISO 20022
13 6 (0.053%) Dodd-Frank
13 6 (0.053%) ISO 13485
13 6 (0.053%) PCI DSS
13 6 (0.053%) WAI
14 5 (0.044%) HL7
14 5 (0.044%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 2,013 (17.67%) Docker
2 41 (0.36%) Active Directory
3 18 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 18 (0.16%) Firmware
4 11 (0.097%) ISA Server
4 11 (0.097%) Virtual Machines
5 10 (0.088%) HDFS
6 9 (0.079%) etcd
7 8 (0.070%) Postfix
8 6 (0.053%) Ceph
8 6 (0.053%) LXC
8 6 (0.053%) Time Sharing Option
9 4 (0.035%) Kamailio
9 4 (0.035%) OpenSIPS
9 4 (0.035%) VMware Infrastructure
10 3 (0.026%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.018%) Platform Symphony
11 2 (0.018%) Varnish
12 1 (0.009%) GridGain
12 1 (0.009%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 1,420 (12.47%) Kubernetes
2 507 (4.45%) Terraform
3 132 (1.16%) Ansible
4 74 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
5 48 (0.42%) Puppet
6 45 (0.40%) Grafana
7 41 (0.36%) Prometheus
8 28 (0.25%) Kibana
9 21 (0.18%) Graphite
9 21 (0.18%) Hadoop YARN
10 20 (0.18%) Consul
11 18 (0.16%) Graylog
11 18 (0.16%) Opsgenie
12 14 (0.12%) Bugsnag
13 13 (0.11%) HAProxy
14 10 (0.088%) Docker Swarm
14 10 (0.088%) logstash
15 9 (0.079%) linkerd
16 8 (0.070%) Packer
17 7 (0.061%) Galera Cluster
Vendors
1 872 (7.66%) Microsoft
2 564 (4.95%) Google
3 499 (4.38%) Oracle
4 272 (2.39%) Salesforce.com
5 128 (1.12%) Sybase
6 126 (1.11%) SAP
7 121 (1.06%) Adobe
8 90 (0.79%) Apple
9 70 (0.61%) Atlassian
10 68 (0.60%) IBM
11 67 (0.59%) Nintex
12 53 (0.47%) ServiceNow
13 49 (0.43%) Databricks
13 49 (0.43%) Zend
14 46 (0.40%) Solace
15 44 (0.39%) Sitecore
16 43 (0.38%) MuleSoft
16 43 (0.38%) Splunk
17 39 (0.34%) Samsung
18 38 (0.33%) BT