Period
to 11 April 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £70,000 in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 8,690 13,201 16,970
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 28.22% 28.17% 27.78%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.54% 29.79% 29.09%
Number of salaries quoted 7,275 11,352 14,744
10th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £37,500
25th Percentile £53,750 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £78,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £93,750
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
London
Permanent vacancies in London with a recognized job title 28,456 44,320 58,334
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.40% 94.56% 95.48%
Number of salaries quoted 23,052 36,373 48,343
10th Percentile £41,250 £36,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £47,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £68,750 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £85,000 £83,750 £80,000
90th Percentile £101,250 £100,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Salary trend for Developer in London

Developer
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 1,649 £70,000 - 796
South London +1 217 £60,000 +4.35% 26
West London 0 214 £60,000 +0.92% 300
East London +2 51 £47,500 -13.64% 165
North London +7 12 £48,750 -11.36% 22
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 3,657 (42.08%) JavaScript
2 3,487 (40.13%) Agile Software Development
3 2,556 (29.41%) Finance
4 2,523 (29.03%) Java
5 2,271 (26.13%) React
6 2,101 (24.18%) SQL
7 2,095 (24.11%) C#
8 2,009 (23.12%) AWS
9 1,991 (22.91%) .NET
10 1,864 (21.45%) Python
11 1,635 (18.81%) Azure
12 1,613 (18.56%) Microservices
13 1,603 (18.45%) HTML
14 1,588 (18.27%) CSS
15 1,526 (17.56%) Software Engineering
16 1,431 (16.47%) AngularJS
17 1,419 (16.33%) TDD
18 1,410 (16.23%) Docker
19 1,384 (15.93%) DevOps
20 1,249 (14.37%) Node.js
21 1,235 (14.21%) TypeScript
22 1,211 (13.94%) Fintech
23 1,146 (13.19%) Web Services
24 1,143 (13.15%) Git (software)
25 1,074 (12.36%) SQL Server
26 1,021 (11.75%) Kubernetes
27 984 (11.32%) Front End Development
28 944 (10.86%) REST
29 896 (10.31%) Degree
30 853 (9.82%) .NET Core

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 207 (2.38%) Elasticsearch
1 207 (2.38%) SharePoint
2 193 (2.22%) CMS
3 165 (1.90%) Apache Spark
4 164 (1.89%) Confluence
5 163 (1.88%) Apache
6 132 (1.52%) WordPress
7 79 (0.91%) Drupal
8 49 (0.56%) Tomcat
9 36 (0.41%) Apache Airflow
10 30 (0.35%) IIS
10 30 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
10 30 (0.35%) Umbraco
10 30 (0.35%) WebSphere
11 28 (0.32%) EPiServer
11 28 (0.32%) nginx
12 15 (0.17%) BizTalk Server
12 15 (0.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 14 (0.16%) Headless CMS
13 14 (0.16%) JBoss
Applications
1 88 (1.01%) Sketch
2 73 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
3 67 (0.77%) Figma
4 45 (0.52%) Photoshop
5 43 (0.49%) InVision
6 41 (0.47%) Adobe XD
7 36 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
8 21 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 21 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
9 19 (0.22%) Chatbot
10 10 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
11 6 (0.069%) Adobe After Effects
11 6 (0.069%) Fireworks
12 5 (0.058%) GIMP
12 5 (0.058%) UXPin
12 5 (0.058%) Zeplin
13 3 (0.035%) AutoCAD
13 3 (0.035%) Revit
14 2 (0.023%) Inkscape
15 1 (0.012%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 169 (1.94%) Dynamics CRM
2 42 (0.48%) Shopify
3 40 (0.46%) Magento
4 23 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
5 16 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
6 15 (0.17%) R3 Corda
7 14 (0.16%) Summit
8 11 (0.13%) FINCAD Analytics
9 10 (0.12%) NetSuite
10 9 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
11 8 (0.092%) Sentinel
12 4 (0.046%) Distributed Ledger
12 4 (0.046%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 4 (0.046%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 3 (0.035%) Infor M3
13 3 (0.035%) SAP Business One
13 3 (0.035%) Visualfiles
14 2 (0.023%) Infor CloudSuite Industrial (formerly SyteLine)
14 2 (0.023%) SAP ERP
14 2 (0.023%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 2,009 (23.12%) AWS
2 1,635 (18.81%) Azure
3 655 (7.54%) Serverless
4 640 (7.36%) GCP
5 418 (4.81%) SaaS
6 347 (3.99%) Power Platform
7 295 (3.39%) AWS Lambda
8 240 (2.76%) GitHub
9 178 (2.05%) Amazon S3
10 175 (2.01%) Amazon EC2
11 162 (1.86%) PaaS
12 146 (1.68%) Azure Functions
13 123 (1.42%) Amazon SQS
14 118 (1.36%) Azure Active Directory
15 117 (1.35%) Amazon ECS
16 103 (1.19%) npm
17 102 (1.17%) Dynamics 365
18 73 (0.84%) PowerApps
19 68 (0.78%) Microsoft 365
20 67 (0.77%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 88 (1.01%) HTTP
2 47 (0.54%) Internet
3 33 (0.38%) TCP/IP
4 28 (0.32%) FTP
5 21 (0.24%) AMQP
6 19 (0.22%) Intranet
7 17 (0.20%) Firewall
8 16 (0.18%) SSH
9 14 (0.16%) Broadband
10 10 (0.12%) Skype
11 9 (0.10%) VoIP
12 7 (0.081%) Asterisk PBX
12 7 (0.081%) HTTPS
12 7 (0.081%) Network Security
12 7 (0.081%) SSL
12 7 (0.081%) Unified Communications
13 6 (0.069%) IMAP
13 6 (0.069%) SMTP
14 5 (0.058%) Intrusion Detection
14 5 (0.058%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,074 (12.36%) SQL Server
2 615 (7.08%) PostgreSQL
3 549 (6.32%) MySQL
4 494 (5.68%) Relational Database
5 483 (5.56%) NoSQL
6 456 (5.25%) MongoDB
7 295 (3.39%) Power BI
8 237 (2.73%) Data Warehouse
9 235 (2.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 226 (2.60%) Big Data
11 219 (2.52%) Redis
12 207 (2.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 150 (1.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 146 (1.68%) RDBMS
15 125 (1.44%) Hadoop
16 121 (1.39%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 107 (1.23%) Apache Cassandra
18 93 (1.07%) Azure SQL Database
19 89 (1.02%) Blockchain
20 82 (0.94%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 1,143 (13.15%) Git (software)
2 484 (5.57%) Jenkins
3 314 (3.61%) JIRA
4 220 (2.53%) webpack
5 199 (2.29%) Maven
6 179 (2.06%) Team Foundation Server
7 170 (1.96%) Cypress.io
8 165 (1.90%) Selenium
9 154 (1.77%) Visual Studio
10 150 (1.73%) TeamCity
11 141 (1.62%) JUnit
12 121 (1.39%) GitLab
13 111 (1.28%) Cucumber
14 102 (1.17%) Visual Studio Team System
15 101 (1.16%) Mockito
16 100 (1.15%) Mocha
17 97 (1.12%) Gradle
18 96 (1.10%) Bitbucket
19 89 (1.02%) gulp
20 81 (0.93%) SonarQube
General
1 2,556 (29.41%) Finance
2 841 (9.68%) Banking
3 835 (9.61%) Front Office
4 329 (3.79%) Games
5 318 (3.66%) Retail
6 315 (3.62%) Marketing
7 220 (2.53%) Public Sector
8 212 (2.44%) Investment Banking
9 146 (1.68%) Advertising
10 120 (1.38%) Manufacturing
11 93 (1.07%) Back Office
12 91 (1.05%) Telecoms
13 83 (0.96%) Legal
14 76 (0.87%) Electronics
14 76 (0.87%) Financial Institution
15 62 (0.71%) Publishing
16 48 (0.55%) Automotive
16 48 (0.55%) Law
17 25 (0.29%) Local Government
17 25 (0.29%) Online Betting
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,271 (26.13%) React
2 1,991 (22.91%) .NET
3 1,603 (18.45%) HTML
4 1,588 (18.27%) CSS
5 1,431 (16.47%) AngularJS
6 1,249 (14.37%) Node.js
7 1,146 (13.19%) Web Services
8 944 (10.86%) REST
9 853 (9.82%) .NET Core
10 787 (9.06%) Spring
11 680 (7.83%) Vue.js
12 632 (7.27%) RESTful
13 627 (7.22%) HTML5
14 514 (5.91%) Redux
15 506 (5.82%) ASP.NET
16 499 (5.74%) Kafka
17 495 (5.70%) React Native
18 478 (5.50%) Spring Boot
19 437 (5.03%) ASP.NET Web API
20 415 (4.78%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 707 (8.14%) Greenfield Project
2 641 (7.38%) User Experience
3 493 (5.67%) Hedge funds
4 474 (5.45%) Analytical Skills
5 429 (4.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 425 (4.89%) Fixed Income
7 423 (4.87%) Equities
8 418 (4.81%) Mobile App
9 411 (4.73%) Derivative
10 260 (2.99%) Algorithms
11 255 (2.93%) Data Structures
12 214 (2.46%) Self-Motivation
13 128 (1.47%) Blog
14 127 (1.46%) Virtual Team
15 117 (1.35%) N-Tier
16 115 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
17 108 (1.24%) Social Media
18 82 (0.94%) Cloud Native
19 72 (0.83%) Market Risk
20 66 (0.76%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 562 (6.47%) Linux
2 370 (4.26%) Android
3 326 (3.75%) Apple iOS
4 196 (2.26%) Unix
5 190 (2.19%) Windows
6 36 (0.41%) Windows Server
7 25 (0.29%) Ubuntu
8 18 (0.21%) CentOS
9 15 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 12 (0.14%) Debian
11 11 (0.13%) Solaris
11 11 (0.13%) Windows Server 2016
12 6 (0.069%) Oracle Linux
12 6 (0.069%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.058%) tvOS
14 4 (0.046%) Android TV
14 4 (0.046%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.035%) AIX
15 3 (0.035%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.035%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,487 (40.13%) Agile Software Development
2 1,613 (18.56%) Microservices
3 1,526 (17.56%) Software Engineering
4 1,419 (16.33%) TDD
5 1,384 (15.93%) DevOps
6 1,211 (13.94%) Fintech
7 984 (11.32%) Front End Development
8 760 (8.75%) Test Automation
9 749 (8.62%) Computer Science
10 731 (8.41%) OO
11 720 (8.29%) Scrum
12 701 (8.07%) Continuous Integration
13 695 (8.00%) Problem-Solving
14 656 (7.55%) MVC
15 644 (7.41%) Analytics
16 589 (6.78%) Web Development
17 567 (6.52%) BDD
18 540 (6.21%) Asset Management
19 536 (6.17%) Mentoring
20 482 (5.55%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,657 (42.08%) JavaScript
2 2,523 (29.03%) Java
3 2,101 (24.18%) SQL
4 2,095 (24.11%) C#
5 1,864 (21.45%) Python
6 1,235 (14.21%) TypeScript
7 606 (6.97%) PHP
8 487 (5.60%) C++
9 452 (5.20%) Java 8
10 407 (4.68%) Kotlin
11 346 (3.98%) T-SQL
12 328 (3.77%) Scala
13 294 (3.38%) ES6
14 261 (3.00%) Go
15 251 (2.89%) Ruby
16 144 (1.66%) PowerShell
17 137 (1.58%) C
18 136 (1.57%) Apple Swift
19 117 (1.35%) R
20 104 (1.20%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 896 (10.31%) Degree
2 378 (4.35%) Computer Science Degree
3 124 (1.43%) Security Cleared
4 116 (1.33%) Master's Degree
5 96 (1.10%) SC Cleared
6 27 (0.31%) PhD
7 24 (0.28%) DV Cleared
7 24 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
8 22 (0.25%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 21 (0.24%) SANS
10 13 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
11 8 (0.092%) AWS Certification
12 4 (0.046%) ISTQB
12 4 (0.046%) MOS
13 3 (0.035%) ISEB
13 3 (0.035%) MCP
13 3 (0.035%) MCSA
13 3 (0.035%) MCSE
13 3 (0.035%) OSCP
13 3 (0.035%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 300 (3.45%) QA
2 44 (0.51%) Data Quality
3 27 (0.31%) WCAG
4 19 (0.22%) NIST
5 15 (0.17%) GRC
5 15 (0.17%) MiFID
6 13 (0.15%) SLA
7 11 (0.13%) EMIR
7 11 (0.13%) GDPR
8 9 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
9 8 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 4 (0.046%) Basel II
10 4 (0.046%) CRD IV
10 4 (0.046%) ISO 13485
10 4 (0.046%) ISO 20022
10 4 (0.046%) WAI
11 3 (0.035%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.035%) PMO
11 3 (0.035%) SOC 1
11 3 (0.035%) SOC 2
System Software
1 1,410 (16.23%) Docker
2 55 (0.63%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.092%) Firmware
3 8 (0.092%) HDFS
3 8 (0.092%) Postfix
4 6 (0.069%) LXC
4 6 (0.069%) Time Sharing Option
4 6 (0.069%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.058%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.046%) Kamailio
6 4 (0.046%) OpenSIPS
7 2 (0.023%) Platform Symphony
7 2 (0.023%) Varnish
8 1 (0.012%) Ceph
8 1 (0.012%) GridGain
8 1 (0.012%) Terminal Services
8 1 (0.012%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.012%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.012%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 1,021 (11.75%) Kubernetes
2 323 (3.72%) Terraform
3 82 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
4 81 (0.93%) Ansible
5 43 (0.49%) Puppet
6 30 (0.35%) Prometheus
7 25 (0.29%) Kibana
8 24 (0.28%) Grafana
9 11 (0.13%) Consul
10 10 (0.12%) Docker Swarm
11 8 (0.092%) Packer
12 7 (0.081%) Single Sign-On
13 5 (0.058%) Marathon
14 4 (0.046%) Mesos
14 4 (0.046%) SELinux
15 3 (0.035%) HAProxy
15 3 (0.035%) linkerd
15 3 (0.035%) Rancher
15 3 (0.035%) Zipkin
16 2 (0.023%) Galera Cluster
Vendors
1 663 (7.63%) Microsoft
2 391 (4.50%) Google
3 321 (3.69%) Oracle
4 286 (3.29%) Salesforce.com
5 104 (1.20%) Adobe
6 98 (1.13%) SAP
7 87 (1.00%) Nintex
8 80 (0.92%) Sybase
9 61 (0.70%) IBM
10 55 (0.63%) Xamarin
11 52 (0.60%) Apple
12 49 (0.56%) MuleSoft
13 44 (0.51%) Atlassian
14 42 (0.48%) ServiceNow
15 39 (0.45%) Sitecore
16 31 (0.36%) Solace
16 31 (0.36%) Zend
17 29 (0.33%) Facebook
18 28 (0.32%) Databricks
19 25 (0.29%) Splunk