Period
to 28 September 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £70,000 in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
England > London
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 3 3 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 +1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 13,345 5,906 15,242
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 27.05% 29.93% 27.56%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.24% 32.02% 28.95%
Number of salaries quoted 8,856 5,091 13,369
10th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £38,750
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £112,500 £105,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £50,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +8.91% +1.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
London
Permanent vacancies in London with a recognized job title 44,133 18,447 52,657
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 89.45% 93.49% 95.22%
Number of salaries quoted 30,438 15,505 43,326
10th Percentile £40,500 £42,250 £35,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year - +12.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £107,500 £97,500
England median annual salary £56,000 £55,000 £51,500
% change year-on-year +1.82% +6.80% +3.00%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in London

Developer
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer in London.

Salary trend for Developer in London

Developer
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer in London over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in London

Developer
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 1,682 £74,500 +6.43% 904
West London 0 642 £67,500 +22.73% 304
South London +2 208 £57,500 -8.00% 34
East London -10 57 £70,000 +27.27% 185
North London -8 18 £50,000 -4.76% 20
Developer
England

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 5,899 (44.20%) JavaScript
2 5,753 (43.11%) Agile Software Development
3 4,669 (34.99%) React
4 3,863 (28.95%) Finance
5 3,697 (27.70%) Java
6 3,164 (23.71%) SQL
7 3,142 (23.54%) AWS
8 3,066 (22.97%) Full Stack Development
9 2,917 (21.86%) Python
10 2,842 (21.30%) HTML
11 2,760 (20.68%) CSS
12 2,733 (20.48%) C#
13 2,715 (20.34%) TypeScript
14 2,565 (19.22%) Software Engineering
15 2,560 (19.18%) .NET
16 2,508 (18.79%) Node.js
17 2,437 (18.26%) Social Skills
18 2,428 (18.19%) TDD
19 2,406 (18.03%) Docker
20 2,401 (17.99%) AngularJS
21 2,387 (17.89%) Azure
22 2,320 (17.38%) Git (software)
23 2,291 (17.17%) Microservices
24 2,082 (15.60%) Front End Development
25 1,813 (13.59%) DevOps
26 1,807 (13.54%) REST
27 1,737 (13.02%) Kubernetes
28 1,711 (12.82%) Web Services
29 1,682 (12.60%) User Experience
30 1,565 (11.73%) SQL Server

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 423 (3.17%) Elasticsearch
2 370 (2.77%) CMS
3 280 (2.10%) Apache
4 274 (2.05%) WordPress
5 271 (2.03%) Confluence
6 180 (1.35%) SharePoint
7 133 (1.00%) Apache Spark
8 109 (0.82%) nginx
9 79 (0.59%) Drupal
10 73 (0.55%) IIS
11 54 (0.40%) Tomcat
12 49 (0.37%) Apache Airflow
13 48 (0.36%) Apache Solr
13 48 (0.36%) Umbraco
14 38 (0.28%) EPiServer
15 37 (0.28%) IBM Domino
16 32 (0.24%) Tornado
17 27 (0.20%) Headless CMS
17 27 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
18 25 (0.19%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 137 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 97 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
3 85 (0.64%) Figma
4 77 (0.58%) Sketch
5 69 (0.52%) Photoshop
6 36 (0.27%) Adobe XD
7 35 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
8 30 (0.22%) InVision
8 30 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
9 22 (0.16%) GIMP
10 21 (0.16%) Chatbot
11 11 (0.082%) Zeplin
12 6 (0.045%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 5 (0.037%) MS Visio
13 5 (0.037%) UXPin
14 4 (0.030%) Microsoft PowerPoint
15 3 (0.022%) InfoPath
16 2 (0.015%) Adobe After Effects
16 2 (0.015%) Blender
16 2 (0.015%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 119 (0.89%) Dynamics CRM
2 59 (0.44%) Magento
3 58 (0.43%) Shopify
4 54 (0.40%) Payment Gateway
5 22 (0.16%) MetaTrader
6 17 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 16 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
8 11 (0.082%) WebTrends
9 10 (0.075%) Sentinel
10 9 (0.067%) Adobe Campaign
10 9 (0.067%) Dynamics AX
10 9 (0.067%) SAP Hybris
10 9 (0.067%) Temenos T24
11 8 (0.060%) Dynamics NAV
11 8 (0.060%) NetSuite
12 7 (0.052%) Summit
13 6 (0.045%) FINCAD Analytics
14 5 (0.037%) Elite 3E
14 5 (0.037%) Oracle BPM
15 3 (0.022%) Carpe Diem
Cloud Services
1 3,142 (23.54%) AWS
2 2,387 (17.89%) Azure
3 1,330 (9.97%) Serverless
4 1,102 (8.26%) GCP
5 861 (6.45%) AWS Lambda
6 772 (5.78%) SaaS
7 663 (4.97%) GitHub
8 571 (4.28%) Amazon S3
9 497 (3.72%) Power Platform
10 415 (3.11%) Amazon EC2
11 295 (2.21%) npm
12 266 (1.99%) Amazon SQS
13 223 (1.67%) AWS Step Functions
14 188 (1.41%) Amazon ECS
15 186 (1.39%) Firebase
16 172 (1.29%) PaaS
17 152 (1.14%) Azure Functions
18 142 (1.06%) Dynamics 365
19 139 (1.04%) Cloud Computing
20 134 (1.00%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 300 (2.25%) Broadband
2 291 (2.18%) HTTP
3 131 (0.98%) Internet
4 50 (0.37%) AMQP
5 45 (0.34%) TCP/IP
6 34 (0.25%) DNS
7 30 (0.22%) Bluetooth
8 25 (0.19%) 5G
8 25 (0.19%) DVB
9 20 (0.15%) FTP
10 19 (0.14%) Extranet
11 17 (0.13%) SSL
12 16 (0.12%) WebEx
13 15 (0.11%) NFC
14 14 (0.10%) SMS
15 13 (0.097%) MQTT
15 13 (0.097%) RIP
15 13 (0.097%) VoIP
16 12 (0.090%) Intranet
17 11 (0.082%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,565 (11.73%) SQL Server
2 902 (6.76%) PostgreSQL
3 880 (6.59%) MySQL
4 875 (6.56%) NoSQL
5 771 (5.78%) MongoDB
6 755 (5.66%) Relational Database
7 474 (3.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 424 (3.18%) Power BI
9 405 (3.03%) Big Data
10 404 (3.03%) Redis
11 346 (2.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 331 (2.48%) Data Warehouse
13 303 (2.27%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 300 (2.25%) Amazon RDS
15 225 (1.69%) RDBMS
16 214 (1.60%) Amazon Aurora
17 179 (1.34%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 158 (1.18%) Apache Cassandra
19 157 (1.18%) Amazon Athena
20 151 (1.13%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 2,320 (17.38%) Git (software)
2 879 (6.59%) Jenkins
3 618 (4.63%) JIRA
4 557 (4.17%) webpack
5 345 (2.59%) Maven
6 281 (2.11%) Visual Studio
7 271 (2.03%) Cypress.io
8 263 (1.97%) Bitbucket
9 254 (1.90%) Selenium
10 234 (1.75%) JUnit
10 234 (1.75%) Team Foundation Server
11 230 (1.72%) GitLab
12 194 (1.45%) TeamCity
13 188 (1.41%) Gradle
14 170 (1.27%) gulp
15 165 (1.24%) Jasmine
15 165 (1.24%) Octopus Deploy
16 160 (1.20%) NUnit
17 153 (1.15%) Mockito
18 150 (1.12%) CircleCI
General
1 3,863 (28.95%) Finance
2 2,437 (18.26%) Social Skills
3 1,068 (8.00%) Banking
4 927 (6.95%) Front Office
5 702 (5.26%) Analytical Skills
6 605 (4.53%) Games
7 557 (4.17%) Marketing
8 487 (3.65%) Retail
9 326 (2.44%) Investment Banking
10 304 (2.28%) Advertising
11 218 (1.63%) Organisational Skills
12 214 (1.60%) Public Sector
13 199 (1.49%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 179 (1.34%) Back Office
15 171 (1.28%) Financial Institution
16 169 (1.27%) Manufacturing
17 158 (1.18%) Legal
18 144 (1.08%) Publishing
19 105 (0.79%) Automotive
20 95 (0.71%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,669 (34.99%) React
2 2,842 (21.30%) HTML
3 2,760 (20.68%) CSS
4 2,560 (19.18%) .NET
5 2,508 (18.79%) Node.js
6 2,401 (17.99%) AngularJS
7 1,807 (13.54%) REST
8 1,711 (12.82%) Web Services
9 1,287 (9.64%) Spring
10 1,108 (8.30%) HTML5
11 1,091 (8.18%) Vue.js
12 1,083 (8.12%) RESTful
13 977 (7.32%) .NET Core
14 942 (7.06%) Redux
15 887 (6.65%) GraphQL
16 801 (6.00%) Spring Boot
17 745 (5.58%) React Native
18 739 (5.54%) ASP.NET
19 677 (5.07%) Sass
20 647 (4.85%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 1,682 (12.60%) User Experience
2 958 (7.18%) Greenfield Project
3 772 (5.78%) Mobile App
4 558 (4.18%) Hedge funds
5 540 (4.05%) Derivative
6 522 (3.91%) Equities
7 471 (3.53%) Fixed Income
8 454 (3.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 414 (3.10%) Algorithms
10 381 (2.86%) Data Structures
11 379 (2.84%) Self-Motivation
12 284 (2.13%) Social Media
13 207 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
14 170 (1.27%) Cloud Native
15 158 (1.18%) Blog
16 156 (1.17%) Virtual Team
17 126 (0.94%) Video\Live Streaming
18 121 (0.91%) Client/Server
18 121 (0.91%) Pricing Data
19 110 (0.82%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 825 (6.18%) Linux
2 693 (5.19%) Android
3 645 (4.83%) Apple iOS
4 445 (3.33%) Windows
5 331 (2.48%) Unix
6 27 (0.20%) Ubuntu
7 26 (0.19%) Mac OS
8 25 (0.19%) Mesosphere
9 16 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
10 15 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
11 14 (0.10%) Windows Server
12 10 (0.075%) Alpine Linux
13 6 (0.045%) tvOS
13 6 (0.045%) VMS
13 6 (0.045%) Windows Server 2019
14 5 (0.037%) Oracle Linux
15 4 (0.030%) CentOS
15 4 (0.030%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 4 (0.030%) Solaris
15 4 (0.030%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,753 (43.11%) Agile Software Development
2 3,066 (22.97%) Full Stack Development
3 2,565 (19.22%) Software Engineering
4 2,428 (18.19%) TDD
5 2,291 (17.17%) Microservices
6 2,082 (15.60%) Front End Development
7 1,813 (13.59%) DevOps
8 1,438 (10.78%) Fintech
9 1,415 (10.60%) Scrum
10 1,411 (10.57%) Problem-Solving
11 1,275 (9.55%) Continuous Integration
12 1,251 (9.37%) Test Automation
13 1,197 (8.97%) Analytics
14 1,130 (8.47%) Mentoring
15 1,043 (7.82%) Computer Science
16 1,002 (7.51%) OO
17 969 (7.26%) Web Development
18 965 (7.23%) Asset Management
19 927 (6.95%) SDLC
20 889 (6.66%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 5,899 (44.20%) JavaScript
2 3,697 (27.70%) Java
3 3,164 (23.71%) SQL
4 2,917 (21.86%) Python
5 2,733 (20.48%) C#
6 2,715 (20.34%) TypeScript
7 906 (6.79%) PHP
8 683 (5.12%) Kotlin
9 600 (4.50%) ES6
10 541 (4.05%) Java 8
11 508 (3.81%) C++
12 494 (3.70%) Go
13 488 (3.66%) Scala
14 409 (3.06%) T-SQL
15 304 (2.28%) Ruby
16 259 (1.94%) Apple Swift
17 233 (1.75%) C
18 180 (1.35%) PowerShell
19 161 (1.21%) Java 11
20 157 (1.18%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 1,172 (8.78%) Degree
2 483 (3.62%) Computer Science Degree
3 168 (1.26%) Security Cleared
4 144 (1.08%) SC Cleared
5 113 (0.85%) Master's Degree
6 78 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
7 53 (0.40%) PhD
8 43 (0.32%) AWS Certification
9 21 (0.16%) ISTQB
10 17 (0.13%) SANS
11 15 (0.11%) MBA
12 13 (0.097%) Microsoft Certification
13 12 (0.090%) DBS Check
14 9 (0.067%) CFA
14 9 (0.067%) DV Cleared
15 8 (0.060%) ISEB
16 6 (0.045%) Tableau Certification
17 5 (0.037%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
18 4 (0.030%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 4 (0.030%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 651 (4.88%) QA
2 379 (2.84%) Accessibility
3 69 (0.52%) GDPR
4 47 (0.35%) WCAG
5 45 (0.34%) Data Quality
6 39 (0.29%) MiFID
7 35 (0.26%) EMIR
8 16 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 16 (0.12%) PMO
9 13 (0.097%) SLA
10 12 (0.090%) WAI
11 10 (0.075%) Dodd-Frank
11 10 (0.075%) ISO 20022
12 9 (0.067%) GRC
12 9 (0.067%) PSD2
13 8 (0.060%) ISO 13485
14 7 (0.052%) Basel II
14 7 (0.052%) CRD IV
14 7 (0.052%) IEC 62304
14 7 (0.052%) ISO 15022
System Software
1 2,406 (18.03%) Docker
2 44 (0.33%) Active Directory
3 27 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 22 (0.16%) Postfix
5 18 (0.13%) ISA Server
6 15 (0.11%) Firmware
7 12 (0.090%) Virtual Machines
8 11 (0.082%) etcd
8 11 (0.082%) Varnish
9 7 (0.052%) Ceph
10 5 (0.037%) HDFS
11 4 (0.030%) Hyper-V
12 3 (0.022%) VMware Infrastructure
13 2 (0.015%) Apache Flume
14 1 (0.007%) FreeRADIUS
14 1 (0.007%) Platform Symphony
14 1 (0.007%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 1,737 (13.02%) Kubernetes
2 713 (5.34%) Terraform
3 186 (1.39%) Ansible
4 145 (1.09%) Grafana
5 101 (0.76%) Prometheus
6 92 (0.69%) Puppet
7 75 (0.56%) Kibana
8 74 (0.55%) Opscode Chef
9 63 (0.47%) logstash
10 42 (0.31%) Consul
11 41 (0.31%) Opsgenie
12 33 (0.25%) Graphite
13 31 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
14 30 (0.22%) Graylog
15 27 (0.20%) HAProxy
16 26 (0.19%) Automic
17 22 (0.16%) Bugsnag
18 14 (0.10%) linkerd
19 13 (0.097%) MIIS
20 11 (0.082%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 1,032 (7.73%) Microsoft
2 816 (6.11%) Google
3 533 (3.99%) Oracle
4 316 (2.37%) Salesforce.com
5 147 (1.10%) Apple
6 144 (1.08%) Adobe
7 103 (0.77%) Sybase
8 102 (0.76%) Atlassian
9 98 (0.73%) SAP
10 88 (0.66%) ServiceNow
11 81 (0.61%) Splunk
12 75 (0.56%) Databricks
13 72 (0.54%) MuleSoft
14 66 (0.49%) IBM
15 54 (0.40%) Zend
16 53 (0.40%) BT
17 51 (0.38%) Solace
17 51 (0.38%) Xamarin
18 50 (0.37%) Spotify
19 49 (0.37%) Sitecore