Period
to 25 October 2021

The median contractor rate for a Senior Developer was £600 per day in advertised job vacancies in London during the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Senior Developer
England > London
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 74 70 75
Rank change year-on-year -4 +5 -9
Contract jobs requiring a Senior Developer 1,235 501 1,276
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.44% 3.54% 3.50%
As % of the Job Titles category 3.69% 3.86% 3.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 971 356 933
10th Percentile £456 £425 £441
25th Percentile £513 £506 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £600 £550
Median % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
75th Percentile £675 £700 £650
90th Percentile £750 £800 £725
England median daily rate £575 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 4
10th Percentile " " "
25th Percentile £54.50 " £25.00
Median hourly rate £59.00 - £40.00
75th Percentile £63.50 " £61.38
90th Percentile " " £68.35
England median hourly rate £48.27 £53.75 £52.50
% change year-on-year -10.20% +2.38% +16.67%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
London
Contract vacancies in London with a recognized job title 33,439 12,974 34,256
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.02% 91.72% 93.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,293 9,380 25,065
10th Percentile £358 £313 £313
25th Percentile £450 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £613 £600
90th Percentile £738 £713 £688
England median daily rate £505 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +6.32% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 315 96 432
10th Percentile £13.93 £16.13 £12.06
25th Percentile £19.00 £20.94 £15.50
Median hourly rate £30.00 £35.25 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -14.89% +67.86% +12.30%
75th Percentile £52.50 £45.38 £43.75
90th Percentile £66.05 £56.50 £52.50
England median hourly rate £19.52 £22.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year -11.27% +17.65% +6.86%

Senior Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings that featured Senior Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Senior Developer in London

Senior Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Senior Developer in London.

Daily rate trend for Senior Developer in London

Senior Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Senior Developer in London over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Senior Developer in London

Senior Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Senior Developer in London.

Hourly rate trend for Senior Developer in London

Senior Developer
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Senior Developer within the London region over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 111 £600 +9.09% 183
West London +10 34 £650 +20.93% 51
South London +9 14 £475 -11.63% 4
East London -11 3 £480 -25.35% 42
Senior Developer
England

Senior Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in London

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, Senior Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region featuring Senior Developer in the job title.

1 563 (45.59%) Agile Software Development
2 539 (43.64%) Java
3 407 (32.96%) Finance
4 396 (32.06%) JavaScript
5 312 (25.26%) TDD
6 303 (24.53%) Microservices
7 289 (23.40%) React
8 259 (20.97%) Banking
9 234 (18.95%) AWS
10 220 (17.81%) Azure
11 217 (17.57%) SQL
12 208 (16.84%) Git (software)
13 206 (16.68%) HTML
14 203 (16.44%) Spring
15 199 (16.11%) DevOps
16 189 (15.30%) CSS
17 187 (15.14%) Social Skills
18 177 (14.33%) RESTful
18 177 (14.33%) REST
19 168 (13.60%) Test Automation
19 168 (13.60%) Python
20 167 (13.52%) TypeScript
21 163 (13.20%) Java 8
22 159 (12.87%) Docker
22 159 (12.87%) Jenkins
23 156 (12.63%) Kubernetes
24 152 (12.31%) .NET
25 149 (12.06%) Spring Boot
25 149 (12.06%) AngularJS
26 147 (11.90%) Node.js

Senior Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (3.00%) CMS
2 33 (2.67%) Elasticsearch
3 26 (2.11%) Apache Spark
4 22 (1.78%) Confluence
5 12 (0.97%) JBoss
5 12 (0.97%) Tomcat
6 11 (0.89%) Apache
7 8 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 8 (0.65%) Mule
7 8 (0.65%) Red Hat Fuse
8 7 (0.57%) Oracle Coherence
9 6 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
9 6 (0.49%) Jetty
10 5 (0.40%) Appian
10 5 (0.40%) BizTalk Server
10 5 (0.40%) Headless CMS
10 5 (0.40%) WordPress
11 4 (0.32%) nginx
11 4 (0.32%) SharePoint
11 4 (0.32%) WebSphere
Applications
1 7 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.16%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.16%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.081%) Figma
5 1 (0.081%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.081%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 4 (0.32%) ION MarketView
1 4 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 3 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (0.24%) Temenos T24
3 2 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.16%) Hyperion Planning
3 2 (0.16%) Magento
3 2 (0.16%) SAP CRM
3 2 (0.16%) SunGard Martini
4 1 (0.081%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.081%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.081%) Infor M3
4 1 (0.081%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.081%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.081%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
4 1 (0.081%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.081%) VisionPLUS
Cloud Services
1 234 (18.95%) AWS
2 220 (17.81%) Azure
3 90 (7.29%) GCP
4 53 (4.29%) Serverless
5 36 (2.91%) GitHub
6 32 (2.59%) OpenShift
7 29 (2.35%) AWS Lambda
7 29 (2.35%) npm
8 28 (2.27%) PaaS
9 20 (1.62%) Power Platform
10 17 (1.38%) Yarn
11 15 (1.21%) SaaS
12 13 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
13 11 (0.89%) Azure Functions
14 10 (0.81%) Amazon SQS
15 9 (0.73%) Amazon S3
15 9 (0.73%) Azure Service Bus
15 9 (0.73%) GitHub Actions
16 8 (0.65%) Azure Storage
16 8 (0.65%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 26 (2.11%) TCP/IP
2 24 (1.94%) HTTP
2 24 (1.94%) SSL
3 14 (1.13%) Internet
4 4 (0.32%) AMQP
4 4 (0.32%) BGP
4 4 (0.32%) Intranet
5 2 (0.16%) 2G
5 2 (0.16%) Broadband
5 2 (0.16%) MQTT
6 1 (0.081%) DNS
6 1 (0.081%) DVB
6 1 (0.081%) Firewall
6 1 (0.081%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.081%) Network Security
6 1 (0.081%) SSH
6 1 (0.081%) VoIP
6 1 (0.081%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 91 (7.37%) NoSQL
2 83 (6.72%) SQL Server
3 81 (6.56%) Relational Database
4 71 (5.75%) MongoDB
5 60 (4.86%) PostgreSQL
6 52 (4.21%) MySQL
7 50 (4.05%) Hazelcast
8 48 (3.89%) Redis
9 31 (2.51%) Big Data
10 30 (2.43%) Apache Cassandra
11 27 (2.19%) Oracle Database
12 23 (1.86%) RDBMS
13 22 (1.78%) Hadoop
14 20 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
15 18 (1.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 18 (1.46%) Power BI
16 13 (1.05%) HBase
16 13 (1.05%) KDB
17 12 (0.97%) Azure SQL Database
18 11 (0.89%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 208 (16.84%) Git (software)
2 159 (12.87%) Jenkins
3 100 (8.10%) Maven
4 62 (5.02%) JIRA
5 43 (3.48%) JUnit
6 39 (3.16%) Mockito
7 37 (3.00%) Cucumber
8 35 (2.83%) Gradle
9 34 (2.75%) Bitbucket
9 34 (2.75%) Selenium
9 34 (2.75%) webpack
10 30 (2.43%) TeamCity
11 27 (2.19%) GitLab
12 24 (1.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 20 (1.62%) Jasmine
14 19 (1.54%) Ant
14 19 (1.54%) Cypress.io
15 17 (1.38%) CircleCI
15 17 (1.38%) Mercurial
16 16 (1.30%) Subversion
General
1 407 (32.96%) Finance
2 259 (20.97%) Banking
3 187 (15.14%) Social Skills
4 124 (10.04%) Investment Banking
5 106 (8.58%) Front Office
6 47 (3.81%) Analytical Skills
7 40 (3.24%) Retail
8 29 (2.35%) Public Sector
9 24 (1.94%) Telecoms
10 22 (1.78%) Financial Institution
11 19 (1.54%) Marketing
12 15 (1.21%) Games
13 12 (0.97%) Presentation Skills
14 11 (0.89%) Manufacturing
15 10 (0.81%) Electronics
16 7 (0.57%) Back Office
16 7 (0.57%) Legal
16 7 (0.57%) Publishing
17 5 (0.40%) Advertising
17 5 (0.40%) Law
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 289 (23.40%) React
2 206 (16.68%) HTML
3 203 (16.44%) Spring
4 189 (15.30%) CSS
5 177 (14.33%) REST
5 177 (14.33%) RESTful
6 152 (12.31%) .NET
7 149 (12.06%) AngularJS
7 149 (12.06%) Spring Boot
8 147 (11.90%) Node.js
9 115 (9.31%) Redux
10 110 (8.91%) Web Services
11 100 (8.10%) Kafka
12 82 (6.64%) HTML5
13 57 (4.62%) JSON
14 41 (3.32%) .NET Core
15 40 (3.24%) ASP.NET
15 40 (3.24%) XML
16 37 (3.00%) CSS3
17 36 (2.91%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 103 (8.34%) User Experience
2 100 (8.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 92 (7.45%) Derivative
4 77 (6.23%) Data Structures
5 75 (6.07%) Greenfield Project
6 65 (5.26%) Algorithms
7 64 (5.18%) Fixed Income
8 35 (2.83%) Mobile App
9 28 (2.27%) Hedge funds
10 23 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
10 23 (1.86%) Equities
11 18 (1.46%) Legacy Systems
11 18 (1.46%) Virtual Team
12 15 (1.21%) Cloud Native
12 15 (1.21%) Video\Live Streaming
13 14 (1.13%) Management Information System
13 14 (1.13%) Video on Demand
14 12 (0.97%) Data Protection Act
14 12 (0.97%) Market Risk
15 10 (0.81%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 125 (10.12%) Linux
2 62 (5.02%) Unix
3 58 (4.70%) Apple iOS
4 48 (3.89%) Android
5 44 (3.56%) Windows
6 8 (0.65%) tvOS
7 4 (0.32%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.16%) Debian
10 1 (0.081%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.081%) Solaris
10 1 (0.081%) VMS
10 1 (0.081%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 563 (45.59%) Agile Software Development
2 312 (25.26%) TDD
3 303 (24.53%) Microservices
4 199 (16.11%) DevOps
5 168 (13.60%) Test Automation
6 144 (11.66%) Scrum
7 141 (11.42%) Software Engineering
8 137 (11.09%) Multithreading
9 132 (10.69%) Front End Development
10 128 (10.36%) Full Stack Development
11 123 (9.96%) Continuous Integration
12 114 (9.23%) BDD
13 105 (8.50%) SDLC
14 94 (7.61%) Unit Testing
15 88 (7.13%) Pair Programming
16 86 (6.96%) OO
17 80 (6.48%) API Design
18 76 (6.15%) Problem-Solving
19 72 (5.83%) API Development
20 71 (5.75%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 539 (43.64%) Java
2 396 (32.06%) JavaScript
3 217 (17.57%) SQL
4 168 (13.60%) Python
5 167 (13.52%) TypeScript
6 163 (13.20%) Java 8
7 129 (10.45%) C#
8 98 (7.94%) Scala
9 61 (4.94%) PL/SQL
10 51 (4.13%) Java 11
10 51 (4.13%) Kotlin
11 42 (3.40%) Apple Swift
12 39 (3.16%) ES6
13 36 (2.91%) C++
14 34 (2.75%) Go
15 31 (2.51%) Ruby
16 27 (2.19%) Bash Shell
16 27 (2.19%) Haskell
17 21 (1.70%) PHP
18 20 (1.62%) C
Qualifications
1 55 (4.45%) Degree
2 39 (3.16%) Security Cleared
3 37 (3.00%) SC Cleared
4 32 (2.59%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (0.65%) ISTQB
6 3 (0.24%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.16%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.16%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.16%) PhD
8 1 (0.081%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.081%) CFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (2.75%) Accessibility
2 30 (2.43%) QA
3 7 (0.57%) GDPR
4 5 (0.40%) WCAG
5 4 (0.32%) COREP
5 4 (0.32%) FINREP
6 3 (0.24%) GRC
7 2 (0.16%) PMO
8 1 (0.081%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.081%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 159 (12.87%) Docker
2 4 (0.32%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.24%) HDFS
3 3 (0.24%) Varnish
4 2 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 156 (12.63%) Kubernetes
2 31 (2.51%) Grafana
3 28 (2.27%) Prometheus
4 26 (2.11%) Terraform
5 20 (1.62%) Ansible
6 6 (0.49%) Control-M
7 5 (0.40%) Puppet
8 3 (0.24%) Graphite
8 3 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.16%) Consul
9 2 (0.16%) Oozie
9 2 (0.16%) Opscode Chef
9 2 (0.16%) Rancher
10 1 (0.081%) CloudHub
10 1 (0.081%) Hadoop YARN
10 1 (0.081%) Istio
10 1 (0.081%) ITRS Geneos
10 1 (0.081%) Kiali
10 1 (0.081%) Marathon
10 1 (0.081%) RSA Archer
Vendors
1 147 (11.90%) Oracle
2 38 (3.08%) Google
3 31 (2.51%) Microsoft
4 27 (2.19%) Salesforce.com
4 27 (2.19%) SAP
5 20 (1.62%) Solace
6 15 (1.21%) ION Trading
7 12 (0.97%) Adobe
7 12 (0.97%) MuleSoft
8 11 (0.89%) Apple
8 11 (0.89%) Atlassian
8 11 (0.89%) Hortonworks
9 9 (0.73%) Murex
10 7 (0.57%) IBM
11 6 (0.49%) Bloomberg
11 6 (0.49%) BMC
11 6 (0.49%) Sybase
12 5 (0.40%) Red Hat
13 4 (0.32%) Informatica
13 4 (0.32%) TIBCO