Period
to 3 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 6 7 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 4,580 2,280 5,560
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 15.06% 14.58% 13.76%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.20% 29.19% 29.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,232 1,669 4,173
10th Percentile £363 £363 £350
25th Percentile £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £513 £500
Median % change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% -
75th Percentile £650 £613 £588
90th Percentile £725 £713 £671
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 17 26
10th Percentile £22.28 £17.98 £17.19
25th Percentile £31.13 £22.50 £21.25
Median hourly rate £41.30 £27.99 £25.10
Median % change year-on-year +47.55% +11.54% +2.43%
75th Percentile £58.17 £39.25 £43.13
90th Percentile £64.40 £39.55 £50.00
England median hourly rate £27.11 £26.26 £31.00
% change year-on-year +3.25% -15.30% +29.84%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 14,224 7,812 19,130
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 46.78% 49.96% 47.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,605 5,794 14,552
10th Percentile £388 £363 £363
25th Percentile £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
75th Percentile £650 £638 £613
90th Percentile £725 £725 £688
England median daily rate £520 £500 £480
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +1.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 81 66 103
10th Percentile £20.99 £22.50 £16.70
25th Percentile £32.50 £32.07 £21.25
Median hourly rate £44.50 £45.71 £44.57
Median % change year-on-year -2.64% +2.56% +14.27%
75th Percentile £60.00 £57.25 £52.50
90th Percentile £68.36 £65.06 £56.50
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year - -5.56% +9.76%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -1 578 £550 +10.00% 370
West London +6 65 £535 +18.89% 111
South London +6 44 £488 -0.51% 34
East London -7 13 £465 -4.37% 119
North London -6 3 £150 -66.67% 8
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,578 (34.45%) Agile Software Development
2 1,503 (32.82%) Python
3 1,369 (29.89%) Finance
4 1,262 (27.55%) Azure
5 1,059 (23.12%) Java
6 973 (21.24%) Social Skills
7 936 (20.44%) Oracle
8 870 (19.00%) DevOps
9 852 (18.60%) Banking
10 829 (18.10%) C#
11 821 (17.93%) .NET
12 805 (17.58%) SQL Server
13 794 (17.34%) Analytics
14 756 (16.51%) AWS
15 739 (16.14%) Business Intelligence
16 579 (12.64%) Microsoft
17 572 (12.49%) JavaScript
18 565 (12.34%) Data Warehouse
19 551 (12.03%) ETL
20 550 (12.01%) Analytical Skills
21 539 (11.77%) Data Modelling
22 529 (11.55%) Git (software)
23 514 (11.22%) Power Platform
24 498 (10.87%) Power BI
25 494 (10.79%) Scrum
26 487 (10.63%) Problem-Solving
27 449 (9.80%) TDD
28 448 (9.78%) Microservices
29 435 (9.50%) Linux
30 427 (9.32%) Front Office

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 338 (7.38%) Apache Spark
2 170 (3.71%) Apache
3 120 (2.62%) Apache Airflow
4 98 (2.14%) Confluence
5 92 (2.01%) SharePoint
6 72 (1.57%) Tomcat
7 71 (1.55%) IIS
8 66 (1.44%) SAS
9 56 (1.22%) Oracle Coherence
10 54 (1.18%) Elasticsearch
11 46 (1.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 45 (0.98%) BizTalk Server
13 32 (0.70%) WebSphere
14 29 (0.63%) WebLogic
15 26 (0.57%) Luigi
16 25 (0.55%) Jupyter
17 22 (0.48%) JBoss
18 19 (0.41%) CMS
19 17 (0.37%) nginx
20 12 (0.26%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 255 (5.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 89 (1.94%) Microsoft Office
3 62 (1.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 27 (0.59%) MS Visio
5 14 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
5 14 (0.31%) SPSS
6 11 (0.24%) Stata
7 10 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
8 9 (0.20%) Chatbot
9 4 (0.087%) Oracle Smart View
10 3 (0.066%) Photoshop
11 2 (0.044%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 2 (0.044%) Mingle
12 1 (0.022%) AutoCAD
12 1 (0.022%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 35 (0.76%) Dynamics CRM
2 33 (0.72%) SunGard Martini
3 26 (0.57%) ION MarketView
4 17 (0.37%) Oracle EBS
5 15 (0.33%) Markit EDM
6 13 (0.28%) Oracle Payables
6 13 (0.28%) Summit
7 12 (0.26%) Oracle Receivables
8 10 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
8 10 (0.22%) Oracle General Ledger
8 10 (0.22%) SAP S/4HANA
9 9 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 8 (0.17%) IBM Planning Analytics
10 8 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 8 (0.17%) Unit4 Business World
11 7 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
11 7 (0.15%) RMDS
11 7 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 7 (0.15%) thinkFolio
12 6 (0.13%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 1,262 (27.55%) Azure
2 756 (16.51%) AWS
3 514 (11.22%) Power Platform
4 322 (7.03%) GCP
5 311 (6.79%) Serverless
6 221 (4.83%) Azure Data Factory
7 165 (3.60%) AWS Lambda
8 163 (3.56%) Azure Functions
9 152 (3.32%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 141 (3.08%) PaaS
11 128 (2.79%) GitHub
12 115 (2.51%) Amazon S3
13 99 (2.16%) Azure Storage
14 90 (1.97%) IaaS
15 88 (1.92%) Azure Logic Apps
16 85 (1.86%) Amazon EC2
17 83 (1.81%) Microsoft 365
18 81 (1.77%) Azure Synapse Analytics
19 80 (1.75%) Snowflake
20 72 (1.57%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 96 (2.10%) Firewall
2 75 (1.64%) TCP/IP
3 70 (1.53%) HTTP
4 56 (1.22%) SSL
5 45 (0.98%) DNS
6 34 (0.74%) WAN
7 30 (0.66%) Multicast
8 28 (0.61%) FTP
8 28 (0.61%) SAN
9 27 (0.59%) LAN
10 22 (0.48%) Internet
10 22 (0.48%) RTMP
11 20 (0.44%) Network Security
12 19 (0.41%) DHCP
12 19 (0.41%) SMTP
13 18 (0.39%) Kerberos
13 18 (0.39%) VPN
14 14 (0.31%) NAS
15 13 (0.28%) SSH
16 12 (0.26%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 805 (17.58%) SQL Server
2 565 (12.34%) Data Warehouse
3 498 (10.87%) Power BI
4 395 (8.62%) Relational Database
5 358 (7.82%) NoSQL
6 322 (7.03%) Big Data
7 305 (6.66%) Tableau
8 293 (6.40%) Azure SQL Database
9 255 (5.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 227 (4.96%) PostgreSQL
11 219 (4.78%) Data Lake
12 213 (4.65%) Hadoop
13 185 (4.04%) MongoDB
14 172 (3.76%) Oracle Database
15 143 (3.12%) BigQuery
16 140 (3.06%) MySQL
16 140 (3.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 122 (2.66%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 117 (2.55%) Redis
19 114 (2.49%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 529 (11.55%) Git (software)
2 364 (7.95%) Jenkins
3 347 (7.58%) JIRA
4 150 (3.28%) Visual Studio
5 148 (3.23%) TeamCity
6 131 (2.86%) Subversion
7 129 (2.82%) Maven
8 100 (2.18%) Bitbucket
9 80 (1.75%) Cucumber
10 75 (1.64%) Selenium
11 65 (1.42%) Artifactory
12 53 (1.16%) GitLab
13 52 (1.14%) JUnit
13 52 (1.14%) Octopus Deploy
13 52 (1.14%) Oracle APEX
14 44 (0.96%) Mockito
15 42 (0.92%) IntelliJ
16 37 (0.81%) Eclipse
17 36 (0.79%) Gradle
18 35 (0.76%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,369 (29.89%) Finance
2 973 (21.24%) Social Skills
3 852 (18.60%) Banking
4 550 (12.01%) Analytical Skills
5 427 (9.32%) Front Office
5 427 (9.32%) Investment Banking
6 195 (4.26%) Marketing
7 165 (3.60%) Presentation Skills
8 143 (3.12%) Public Sector
9 92 (2.01%) Retail
10 70 (1.53%) Documentation Skills
11 69 (1.51%) Legal
12 65 (1.42%) Back Office
13 62 (1.35%) Telecoms
14 54 (1.18%) Financial Institution
15 40 (0.87%) Organisational Skills
16 34 (0.74%) Manufacturing
17 32 (0.70%) Law
18 29 (0.63%) Influencing Skills
19 27 (0.59%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,757 (38.36%) Developer
2 782 (17.07%) Analyst
3 461 (10.07%) Data Engineer
4 350 (7.64%) Java Developer
5 311 (6.79%) C# Developer
6 279 (6.09%) Data Analyst
7 276 (6.03%) Architect
8 247 (5.39%) SQL Developer
9 219 (4.78%) Senior Developer
10 214 (4.67%) Consultant
11 212 (4.63%) Python Developer
12 201 (4.39%) Business Analyst
13 190 (4.15%) .NET Developer
14 176 (3.84%) Azure Engineer
15 157 (3.43%) SQL Analyst
16 156 (3.41%) Full Stack Developer
17 130 (2.84%) Python Engineer
18 121 (2.64%) Software Engineer
19 106 (2.31%) Data Architect
20 97 (2.12%) Data Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 821 (17.93%) .NET
2 395 (8.62%) Spring
3 376 (8.21%) AngularJS
4 355 (7.75%) HTML
5 322 (7.03%) REST
6 307 (6.70%) Kafka
7 298 (6.51%) React
8 285 (6.22%) Web Services
9 237 (5.17%) XML
10 236 (5.15%) CSS
11 234 (5.11%) RESTful
12 227 (4.96%) .NET Core
13 226 (4.93%) Spring Boot
14 210 (4.59%) JSON
15 206 (4.50%) .NET Framework
16 177 (3.86%) Node.js
17 170 (3.71%) HTML5
18 144 (3.14%) ASP.NET
19 130 (2.84%) SOAP
20 128 (2.79%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 235 (5.13%) Fixed Income
2 225 (4.91%) Derivative
3 208 (4.54%) Data Structures
4 205 (4.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 153 (3.34%) Algorithms
6 119 (2.60%) Management Information System
7 113 (2.47%) Virtual Team
8 105 (2.29%) User Experience
9 97 (2.12%) Cloud Native
10 86 (1.88%) Equities
11 80 (1.75%) Legacy Systems
12 74 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
13 72 (1.57%) Greenfield Project
14 69 (1.51%) Hedge funds
15 57 (1.24%) Reference Data
16 55 (1.20%) Market Risk
17 54 (1.18%) Social Media
18 51 (1.11%) Credit Risk
19 47 (1.03%) Data Protection Act
19 47 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 435 (9.50%) Linux
2 407 (8.89%) Windows
3 259 (5.66%) Unix
4 76 (1.66%) Windows Server
5 71 (1.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 36 (0.79%) Windows Server 2012
7 34 (0.74%) Windows Server 2016
8 28 (0.61%) Solaris
8 28 (0.61%) Ubuntu
9 17 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
10 16 (0.35%) Windows Server 2019
11 14 (0.31%) CentOS
11 14 (0.31%) VMS
11 14 (0.31%) Windows 10
12 12 (0.26%) Android
13 10 (0.22%) Apple iOS
14 9 (0.20%) Debian
15 8 (0.17%) zOS
16 7 (0.15%) Windows 7
17 6 (0.13%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,578 (34.45%) Agile Software Development
2 870 (19.00%) DevOps
3 794 (17.34%) Analytics
4 739 (16.14%) Business Intelligence
5 551 (12.03%) ETL
6 539 (11.77%) Data Modelling
7 494 (10.79%) Scrum
8 487 (10.63%) Problem-Solving
9 449 (9.80%) TDD
10 448 (9.78%) Microservices
11 414 (9.04%) Test Automation
12 390 (8.52%) Software Engineering
13 384 (8.38%) Full Stack Development
14 376 (8.21%) Migration
15 374 (8.17%) Visualisation
16 325 (7.10%) Data Analysis
17 292 (6.38%) Continuous Integration
18 288 (6.29%) Data Science
19 287 (6.27%) Data Engineering
20 283 (6.18%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,503 (32.82%) Python
2 1,059 (23.12%) Java
3 829 (18.10%) C#
4 572 (12.49%) JavaScript
5 375 (8.19%) PL/SQL
6 338 (7.38%) T-SQL
7 267 (5.83%) C++
8 255 (5.57%) TypeScript
9 249 (5.44%) PowerShell
10 243 (5.31%) Scala
11 166 (3.62%) R
12 160 (3.49%) Java 8
13 129 (2.82%) VBA
14 95 (2.07%) Go
14 95 (2.07%) Shell Script
15 79 (1.72%) VB
16 78 (1.70%) Bash Shell
17 76 (1.66%) Perl
18 72 (1.57%) C
19 60 (1.31%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 352 (7.69%) Degree
2 192 (4.19%) Security Cleared
3 133 (2.90%) SC Cleared
4 94 (2.05%) Computer Science Degree
5 31 (0.68%) DV Cleared
6 29 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
7 26 (0.57%) ISEB
8 22 (0.48%) AWS Certification
9 19 (0.41%) Master's Degree
10 18 (0.39%) ISTQB
11 13 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
11 13 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
12 11 (0.24%) DBS Check
12 11 (0.24%) PhD
13 10 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
14 8 (0.17%) CIMA
14 8 (0.17%) CISSP
14 8 (0.17%) PMI Certification
15 7 (0.15%) PMP
16 6 (0.13%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 191 (4.17%) QA
2 176 (3.84%) Data Quality
3 57 (1.24%) GDPR
4 33 (0.72%) Accessibility
5 32 (0.70%) IFRS
6 27 (0.59%) SLA
7 15 (0.33%) GRC
7 15 (0.33%) MiFID
7 15 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 12 (0.26%) GAAP
9 9 (0.20%) EMIR
9 9 (0.20%) PMO
10 7 (0.15%) FINREP
10 7 (0.15%) IFRS 9
11 6 (0.13%) COREP
11 6 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
12 5 (0.11%) Solvency II
13 4 (0.087%) HIPAA
13 4 (0.087%) NIST
14 3 (0.066%) WCAG
System Software
1 351 (7.66%) Docker
2 136 (2.97%) Active Directory
3 61 (1.33%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (0.52%) Hyper-V
5 23 (0.50%) Platform Symphony
6 20 (0.44%) HDFS
7 15 (0.33%) Oracle RAC
8 14 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
9 13 (0.28%) NFS
9 13 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
10 12 (0.26%) Virtual Desktop
10 12 (0.26%) vSphere
11 11 (0.24%) XenApp
11 11 (0.24%) XenDesktop
12 7 (0.15%) KVM
12 7 (0.15%) SRDF
12 7 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
12 7 (0.15%) Xen
13 6 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
14 4 (0.087%) ISA Server
Systems Management
1 386 (8.43%) Kubernetes
2 189 (4.13%) Terraform
3 174 (3.80%) Ansible
4 44 (0.96%) Puppet
5 40 (0.87%) Grafana
6 35 (0.76%) Control-M
7 34 (0.74%) Prometheus
8 30 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
9 29 (0.63%) ITRS Geneos
10 23 (0.50%) BladeLogic
11 22 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
12 20 (0.44%) Hadoop YARN
12 20 (0.44%) Kibana
12 20 (0.44%) Microsoft Intune
12 20 (0.44%) Oozie
13 19 (0.41%) SCCM
14 15 (0.33%) Data Guard
15 14 (0.31%) Istio
16 13 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
16 13 (0.28%) Nagios
Vendors
1 936 (20.44%) Oracle
2 579 (12.64%) Microsoft
3 266 (5.81%) Databricks
4 214 (4.67%) Google
5 111 (2.42%) SAP
6 92 (2.01%) IBM
7 87 (1.90%) Salesforce.com
7 87 (1.90%) VMware
8 77 (1.68%) Informatica
9 73 (1.59%) Alteryx
9 73 (1.59%) Red Hat
10 70 (1.53%) Splunk
11 63 (1.38%) MuleSoft
12 57 (1.24%) Adobe
12 57 (1.24%) TIBCO
13 40 (0.87%) Sybase
13 40 (0.87%) Teradata
14 38 (0.83%) Bloomberg
14 38 (0.83%) ServiceNow
15 36 (0.79%) Citrix