Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 29 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
29 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 7 7 7
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 5,332 4,033 2,553
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 13.57% 14.92% 14.62%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.06% 31.43% 29.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,018 2,872 1,874
10th Percentile £400 £363 £363
25th Percentile £481 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £590 £550 £500
Median % change year-on-year +7.27% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £700 £650 £613
90th Percentile £788 £725 £713
England median daily rate £550 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 34 20
10th Percentile £29.60 £20.87 £18.00
25th Percentile £36.25 £31.06 £23.25
Median hourly rate £45.00 £39.65 £27.75
Median % change year-on-year +13.49% +42.91% +13.24%
75th Percentile £60.75 £58.74 £39.25
90th Percentile £70.56 £64.10 £41.00
England median hourly rate £35.00 £26.75 £24.71
% change year-on-year +30.84% +8.26% -11.56%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,629 12,830 8,700
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 42.33% 47.46% 49.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,784 9,578 6,489
10th Percentile £413 £381 £368
25th Percentile £500 £459 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £725 £650 £630
90th Percentile £800 £725 £713
England median daily rate £553 £501 £500
% change year-on-year +10.54% +0.10% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 105 71 71
10th Percentile £31.10 £20.50 £22.50
25th Percentile £35.00 £31.13 £29.13
Median hourly rate £51.25 £44.50 £47.83
Median % change year-on-year +15.17% -6.96% +28.40%
75th Percentile £67.50 £61.50 £60.50
90th Percentile £77.15 £68.36 £64.88
England median hourly rate £52.50 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +23.53% - -5.38%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 29 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -4 591 £580 +3.11% 320
West London -5 62 £500 -6.54% 83
South London -11 49 £550 +15.79% 26
East London +13 43 £400 -19.19% 82
North London -4 1 £550 +266.67% 6
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 29 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,732 (32.48%) Agile
2 1,721 (32.28%) Python
3 1,710 (32.07%) Finance
4 1,542 (28.92%) Azure
5 1,137 (21.32%) Oracle
6 1,117 (20.95%) Social Skills
7 1,115 (20.91%) SQL Server
8 1,045 (19.60%) C#
9 1,040 (19.50%) Java
10 1,002 (18.79%) Banking
11 994 (18.64%) DevOps
12 939 (17.61%) .NET
13 893 (16.75%) AWS
14 850 (15.94%) Analytics
15 794 (14.89%) Business Intelligence
16 791 (14.83%) Microsoft
17 774 (14.52%) JavaScript
18 706 (13.24%) CI/CD
19 679 (12.73%) Analytical Skills
20 673 (12.62%) Windows
21 656 (12.30%) Linux
22 652 (12.23%) ETL
23 627 (11.76%) Git (software)
24 615 (11.53%) Front Office
25 584 (10.95%) Power Platform
26 552 (10.35%) Scrum
26 552 (10.35%) Software Engineering
27 550 (10.32%) Data Warehouse
28 549 (10.30%) Power BI
29 537 (10.07%) Problem-Solving

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 222 (4.16%) Apache Spark
2 165 (3.09%) Confluence
3 125 (2.34%) Apache
4 123 (2.31%) SharePoint
5 110 (2.06%) Apache Airflow
6 67 (1.26%) SAS
7 65 (1.22%) Tomcat
8 61 (1.14%) IIS
8 61 (1.14%) WebSphere
9 46 (0.86%) JBoss
10 44 (0.83%) WebLogic
11 37 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 36 (0.68%) BizTalk Server
13 35 (0.66%) Oracle Coherence
14 26 (0.49%) Oracle Workflow
15 21 (0.39%) CMS
16 19 (0.36%) OpenStack
17 18 (0.34%) Apache Pig
18 17 (0.32%) Red Hat Fuse
18 17 (0.32%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 310 (5.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 72 (1.35%) Microsoft Office
3 46 (0.86%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 37 (0.69%) MS Visio
5 21 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
6 20 (0.38%) SPSS
7 6 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.094%) Adobe Illustrator
9 4 (0.075%) Stata
10 3 (0.056%) Oracle Smart View
11 1 (0.019%) Adobe XD
11 1 (0.019%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.019%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 37 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
2 30 (0.56%) Oracle EBS
3 21 (0.39%) ION MarketView
4 20 (0.38%) HiPortfolio
5 17 (0.32%) Oracle 11i
6 15 (0.28%) Oracle ERP
6 15 (0.28%) Oracle Receivables
7 14 (0.26%) Endur
8 13 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
9 12 (0.23%) Oracle Cash Management
10 11 (0.21%) BusinessWorks
10 11 (0.21%) Misys Midas
10 11 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
11 10 (0.19%) Markit EDM
11 10 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
11 10 (0.19%) Shopify
12 9 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
12 9 (0.17%) Oracle Utilities
12 9 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
12 9 (0.17%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,542 (28.92%) Azure
2 893 (16.75%) AWS
3 584 (10.95%) Power Platform
4 442 (8.29%) GCP
5 341 (6.40%) Azure DevOps
6 234 (4.39%) Serverless
7 231 (4.33%) Azure Data Factory
8 161 (3.02%) GitHub
9 130 (2.44%) PaaS
10 118 (2.21%) SaaS
11 113 (2.12%) Snowflake
12 110 (2.06%) Microsoft 365
13 107 (2.01%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 104 (1.95%) Azure Functions
15 101 (1.89%) Azure Synapse Analytics
16 100 (1.88%) Amazon S3
17 96 (1.80%) AWS Lambda
18 86 (1.61%) IaaS
19 80 (1.50%) PowerApps
20 76 (1.43%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 106 (1.99%) Firewall
2 85 (1.59%) TCP/IP
3 69 (1.29%) DNS
3 69 (1.29%) HTTP
4 67 (1.26%) Internet
5 46 (0.86%) SSL
6 34 (0.64%) SAN
6 34 (0.64%) VPN
7 26 (0.49%) FTP
8 24 (0.45%) RTMP
9 23 (0.43%) DHCP
10 22 (0.41%) Multicast
10 22 (0.41%) SSH
11 19 (0.36%) WAN
12 18 (0.34%) HTTPS
12 18 (0.34%) Kerberos
13 14 (0.26%) LAN
13 14 (0.26%) Network Security
14 11 (0.21%) VLAN
15 10 (0.19%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,115 (20.91%) SQL Server
2 550 (10.32%) Data Warehouse
3 549 (10.30%) Power BI
4 393 (7.37%) Relational Database
5 370 (6.94%) NoSQL
6 346 (6.49%) PostgreSQL
7 292 (5.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 276 (5.18%) Tableau
9 267 (5.01%) Big Data
10 264 (4.95%) Oracle Database
11 243 (4.56%) Azure SQL Database
12 210 (3.94%) Data Lake
13 203 (3.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 176 (3.30%) MongoDB
15 149 (2.79%) MySQL
16 133 (2.49%) Hadoop
16 133 (2.49%) RDBMS
17 116 (2.18%) BigQuery
18 110 (2.06%) Oracle Database 12c
19 108 (2.03%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 627 (11.76%) Git (software)
2 519 (9.73%) JIRA
3 351 (6.58%) Jenkins
4 169 (3.17%) TeamCity
5 156 (2.93%) Visual Studio
6 151 (2.83%) Maven
7 136 (2.55%) GitLab
8 108 (2.03%) Bitbucket
9 102 (1.91%) Subversion
10 97 (1.82%) Selenium
11 95 (1.78%) Cucumber
12 73 (1.37%) Gradle
13 70 (1.31%) Artifactory
13 70 (1.31%) Eclipse
13 70 (1.31%) JUnit
13 70 (1.31%) Team Foundation Server
14 57 (1.07%) IntelliJ
15 55 (1.03%) SonarQube
16 53 (0.99%) Postman
17 41 (0.77%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 1,710 (32.07%) Finance
2 1,117 (20.95%) Social Skills
3 1,002 (18.79%) Banking
4 679 (12.73%) Analytical Skills
5 615 (11.53%) Front Office
6 494 (9.26%) Investment Banking
7 177 (3.32%) Public Sector
8 147 (2.76%) Retail
9 124 (2.33%) Marketing
10 113 (2.12%) Legal
11 110 (2.06%) Back Office
12 103 (1.93%) Presentation Skills
13 71 (1.33%) Telecoms
14 66 (1.24%) Financial Institution
15 61 (1.14%) Law
16 59 (1.11%) Influencing Skills
17 41 (0.77%) Inclusion and Diversity
18 37 (0.69%) Retail Banking
19 36 (0.68%) Organisational Skills
20 35 (0.66%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 2,100 (39.38%) Developer
2 1,028 (19.28%) Analyst
3 450 (8.44%) Data Engineer
4 413 (7.75%) Data Analyst
5 369 (6.92%) Python Developer
6 344 (6.45%) Business Analyst
7 339 (6.36%) C# Developer
8 314 (5.89%) Java Developer
9 307 (5.76%) Architect
10 300 (5.63%) Senior Developer
11 282 (5.29%) .NET Developer
12 249 (4.67%) SQL Developer
13 240 (4.50%) Python Engineer
14 214 (4.01%) Software Engineer
15 180 (3.38%) Full Stack Developer
16 144 (2.70%) SQL Analyst
17 143 (2.68%) Azure Engineer
18 129 (2.42%) C# .NET Developer
19 124 (2.33%) AWS Engineer
19 124 (2.33%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 939 (17.61%) .NET
2 533 (10.00%) React
3 425 (7.97%) HTML
4 406 (7.61%) CSS
5 370 (6.94%) REST
6 322 (6.04%) AngularJS
6 322 (6.04%) XML
7 294 (5.51%) Spring
8 276 (5.18%) Kafka
9 268 (5.03%) RESTful
10 252 (4.73%) .NET Framework
11 233 (4.37%) JSON
12 231 (4.33%) Web Services
13 222 (4.16%) ASP.NET
14 196 (3.68%) Spring Boot
15 195 (3.66%) Pandas
16 189 (3.54%) Node.js
17 185 (3.47%) .NET Core
18 181 (3.39%) HTML5
19 163 (3.06%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 290 (5.44%) Derivative
2 205 (3.84%) Equities
3 176 (3.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 169 (3.17%) User Experience
5 164 (3.08%) Fixed Income
6 152 (2.85%) Data Structures
7 137 (2.57%) Hedge funds
8 122 (2.29%) Self-Motivation
9 117 (2.19%) Algorithms
10 104 (1.95%) Cloud Native
11 91 (1.71%) Management Information System
12 88 (1.65%) Greenfield Project
13 78 (1.46%) Clustering
14 74 (1.39%) Virtual Team
15 65 (1.22%) Credit Risk
16 64 (1.20%) Legacy Systems
17 63 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
18 60 (1.13%) Reference Data
19 53 (0.99%) Data Centre
20 52 (0.98%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 673 (12.62%) Windows
2 656 (12.30%) Linux
3 397 (7.45%) Unix
4 159 (2.98%) Windows Server
5 112 (2.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 44 (0.83%) Windows Server 2012
7 29 (0.54%) Windows Server 2016
8 28 (0.53%) VMS
9 21 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
9 21 (0.39%) Windows Server 2019
10 18 (0.34%) AIX
10 18 (0.34%) Apple iOS
11 17 (0.32%) Ubuntu
12 16 (0.30%) Android
13 12 (0.23%) Windows 10
14 11 (0.21%) Solaris
15 10 (0.19%) Mac OS
16 6 (0.11%) Debian
16 6 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
17 4 (0.075%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,732 (32.48%) Agile
2 994 (18.64%) DevOps
3 850 (15.94%) Analytics
4 794 (14.89%) Business Intelligence
5 706 (13.24%) CI/CD
6 652 (12.23%) ETL
7 552 (10.35%) Scrum
7 552 (10.35%) Software Engineering
8 537 (10.07%) Problem-Solving
9 529 (9.92%) Data Modelling
10 484 (9.08%) Migration
11 456 (8.55%) Microservices
12 437 (8.20%) Full Stack Development
13 393 (7.37%) Test Automation
14 385 (7.22%) TDD
15 349 (6.55%) Visualisation
16 347 (6.51%) Data Analysis
17 302 (5.66%) OO
18 294 (5.51%) Data Science
19 280 (5.25%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 1,721 (32.28%) Python
2 1,045 (19.60%) C#
3 1,040 (19.50%) Java
4 774 (14.52%) JavaScript
5 417 (7.82%) PL/SQL
6 392 (7.35%) T-SQL
7 333 (6.25%) TypeScript
8 317 (5.95%) PowerShell
9 282 (5.29%) C++
10 193 (3.62%) R
11 177 (3.32%) Scala
12 154 (2.89%) VBA
13 144 (2.70%) C
14 143 (2.68%) Shell Script
15 121 (2.27%) Bash
16 89 (1.67%) Perl
17 80 (1.50%) Go
18 53 (0.99%) PHP
19 50 (0.94%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
19 50 (0.94%) VB
Qualifications
1 294 (5.51%) Degree
2 264 (4.95%) Security Cleared
3 222 (4.16%) SC Cleared
4 102 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 41 (0.77%) Numerate Degree
6 39 (0.73%) DV Cleared
7 32 (0.60%) PhD
8 22 (0.41%) Master's Degree
9 20 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
10 17 (0.32%) CISSP
11 14 (0.26%) ISTQB
12 13 (0.24%) FFIEC
13 12 (0.23%) CISM
13 12 (0.23%) PMP
14 11 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
15 10 (0.19%) BPSS Clearance
16 8 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
17 7 (0.13%) PMI Certification
17 7 (0.13%) RHCE
18 6 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 275 (5.16%) QA
2 201 (3.77%) Data Quality
3 59 (1.11%) GDPR
4 44 (0.83%) Accessibility
5 34 (0.64%) MiFID
6 30 (0.56%) IFRS
7 29 (0.54%) SLA
8 25 (0.47%) PCI DSS
9 24 (0.45%) PMO
10 23 (0.43%) EMIR
11 22 (0.41%) IFRS 17
12 13 (0.24%) GLBA
12 13 (0.24%) NIST
13 12 (0.23%) SEPA
14 11 (0.21%) ISO 20022
15 10 (0.19%) COREP
15 10 (0.19%) Solvency II
16 9 (0.17%) WCAG
17 8 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
18 7 (0.13%) CRD IV
System Software
1 422 (7.91%) Docker
2 169 (3.17%) Active Directory
3 102 (1.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 65 (1.22%) Virtual Machines
5 42 (0.79%) HDFS
6 28 (0.53%) Oracle RAC
7 26 (0.49%) Hyper-V
8 25 (0.47%) vSphere
9 14 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
10 13 (0.24%) XenApp
11 11 (0.21%) VMware NSX
12 10 (0.19%) Ceph
13 9 (0.17%) XenDesktop
14 8 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 7 (0.13%) GridGain
15 7 (0.13%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 7 (0.13%) Veritas Volume Manager
16 6 (0.11%) NFS
17 3 (0.056%) Firmware
17 3 (0.056%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 418 (7.84%) Kubernetes
2 222 (4.16%) Ansible
3 221 (4.14%) Terraform
4 99 (1.86%) ITRS Geneos
5 65 (1.22%) Puppet
6 51 (0.96%) BladeLogic
7 39 (0.73%) Prometheus
8 35 (0.66%) Grafana
9 30 (0.56%) Kibana
10 29 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
10 29 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
11 28 (0.53%) Microsoft Clustering
12 25 (0.47%) Control-M
12 25 (0.47%) Istio
13 24 (0.45%) Data Guard
14 22 (0.41%) Oracle RMAN
15 20 (0.38%) Kubeflow
15 20 (0.38%) SCCM
16 19 (0.36%) Microsoft Intune
17 16 (0.30%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
Vendors
1 1,137 (21.32%) Oracle
2 791 (14.83%) Microsoft
3 250 (4.69%) Databricks
4 214 (4.01%) Google
5 157 (2.94%) VMware
6 147 (2.76%) TIBCO
7 136 (2.55%) IBM
8 134 (2.51%) Red Hat
9 106 (1.99%) SAP
10 104 (1.95%) Bloomberg
11 96 (1.80%) Splunk
12 89 (1.67%) Informatica
13 86 (1.61%) Citrix
14 74 (1.39%) Salesforce.com
15 60 (1.13%) Alteryx
16 51 (0.96%) Reuters
16 51 (0.96%) Sybase
17 50 (0.94%) ServiceNow
18 48 (0.90%) MuleSoft
19 43 (0.81%) Sun