Period
to 23 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 23 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
23 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 5 5 6
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 4,144 6,000 6,459
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 13.75% 13.48% 13.85%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.48% 26.93% 28.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,003 4,443 4,736
London median daily rate £500 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.56% +8.33%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £656 £650
England median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +9.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 37 64
London median hourly rate £38.00 £32.48 £25.80
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.01% +25.88% -24.13%
10th Percentile £24.50 £20.00 £16.40
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.25 £58.75
England median hourly rate £31.00 £35.00 £27.00
% change year-on-year -11.43% +29.63% -20.00%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 14,058 22,281 22,543
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 46.65% 50.07% 48.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,393 16,887 17,297
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £369 £363 £350
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
England median daily rate £485 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +1.04% +1.05% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 109 115 156
London median hourly rate £42.00 £36.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% +10.77% -18.75%
10th Percentile £18.74 £18.70 £18.25
90th Percentile £64.00 £53.75 £58.13
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 23 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 878 £495 -1.00% 489
West London +3 190 £463 +6.32% 173
South London +13 178 £469 -2.60% 50
East London -7 51 £450 -7.02% 67
North London +1 12 £413 -8.33% 15
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 23 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,264 (30.50%) Agile Software Development
2 1,119 (27.00%) Finance
3 1,092 (26.35%) SQL Server
4 1,020 (24.61%) Azure
5 962 (23.21%) Python
6 874 (21.09%) Java
7 815 (19.67%) C#
8 787 (18.99%) .NET
9 762 (18.39%) Microsoft
10 755 (18.22%) Business Intelligence
11 737 (17.78%) Oracle
12 646 (15.59%) AWS
13 597 (14.41%) Analytics
14 566 (13.66%) ETL
15 560 (13.51%) JavaScript
16 546 (13.18%) Data Warehouse
17 539 (13.01%) DevOps
18 482 (11.63%) Banking
19 481 (11.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 460 (11.10%) Power Platform
21 450 (10.86%) Power BI
22 442 (10.67%) Data Modelling
22 442 (10.67%) Migration
23 426 (10.28%) TDD
24 402 (9.70%) AngularJS
25 397 (9.58%) Git (software)
26 395 (9.53%) NoSQL
27 385 (9.29%) Microservices
28 381 (9.19%) T-SQL
29 371 (8.95%) Windows

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 185 (4.46%) Apache Spark
2 158 (3.81%) Confluence
3 145 (3.50%) SharePoint
4 101 (2.44%) WebLogic
5 91 (2.20%) IIS
6 76 (1.83%) SAS
7 71 (1.71%) Elasticsearch
8 47 (1.13%) Apache
9 45 (1.09%) Apache Airflow
10 44 (1.06%) JBoss
11 35 (0.84%) Tomcat
12 34 (0.82%) Red Hat Fuse
13 33 (0.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 31 (0.75%) MQSeries
15 26 (0.63%) MS Exchange
16 24 (0.58%) CMS
16 24 (0.58%) Skype for Business
17 19 (0.46%) Umbraco
18 18 (0.43%) Oracle Workflow
19 17 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 302 (7.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 65 (1.57%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (0.72%) MS Visio
4 24 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
6 7 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
7 4 (0.097%) SPSS
8 3 (0.072%) GNU Octave
9 2 (0.048%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.048%) Stata
9 2 (0.048%) XMetaL
10 1 (0.024%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.024%) Sketch
10 1 (0.024%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.024%) UXPin
10 1 (0.024%) Weka
Business Applications
1 50 (1.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 35 (0.84%) FINCAD Analytics
3 31 (0.75%) Markit EDM
4 23 (0.56%) Dynamics AX
4 23 (0.56%) Oracle EBS
5 22 (0.53%) PolarLake
6 16 (0.39%) Oracle ERP
7 14 (0.34%) Oracle Receivables
8 13 (0.31%) Oracle Payables
9 11 (0.27%) NetSuite
10 9 (0.22%) Eagle PACE
11 8 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
11 8 (0.19%) Oracle AML
11 8 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
11 8 (0.19%) SAP Business One
11 8 (0.19%) Unit4 Business World
12 7 (0.17%) Oracle FAH
12 7 (0.17%) Oracle Internet Expenses
13 6 (0.14%) Oracle Assets
13 6 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 1,020 (24.61%) Azure
2 646 (15.59%) AWS
3 460 (11.10%) Power Platform
4 261 (6.30%) GCP
5 159 (3.84%) Azure Data Factory
6 131 (3.16%) Serverless
7 130 (3.14%) GitHub
8 128 (3.09%) Office 365
9 107 (2.58%) PaaS
10 72 (1.74%) Amazon S3
11 65 (1.57%) Azure Functions
12 64 (1.54%) Dynamics 365
13 62 (1.50%) IaaS
13 62 (1.50%) SaaS
14 47 (1.13%) Azure Active Directory
15 46 (1.11%) Data Lake Analytics
16 42 (1.01%) AWS Lambda
17 40 (0.97%) AWS Step Functions
18 39 (0.94%) OpenShift
19 36 (0.87%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 72 (1.74%) Firewall
2 60 (1.45%) DNS
3 52 (1.25%) SAN
4 49 (1.18%) LAN
5 48 (1.16%) HTTP
6 47 (1.13%) WAN
7 42 (1.01%) DHCP
7 42 (1.01%) TCP/IP
8 38 (0.92%) VPN
9 31 (0.75%) Internet
10 16 (0.39%) SSL
11 15 (0.36%) AMQP
12 14 (0.34%) NAS
12 14 (0.34%) Network Security
12 14 (0.34%) VoIP
13 13 (0.31%) FTP
13 13 (0.31%) Skype
14 12 (0.29%) MPLS
14 12 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
15 10 (0.24%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,092 (26.35%) SQL Server
2 546 (13.18%) Data Warehouse
3 481 (11.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 450 (10.86%) Power BI
5 395 (9.53%) NoSQL
6 326 (7.87%) Relational Database
7 300 (7.24%) PostgreSQL
8 299 (7.22%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 264 (6.37%) Big Data
10 236 (5.69%) Azure SQL Database
11 217 (5.24%) Hadoop
12 214 (5.16%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 192 (4.63%) Data Lake
14 189 (4.56%) MySQL
15 183 (4.42%) Oracle Database
16 147 (3.55%) MongoDB
17 135 (3.26%) RDBMS
18 106 (2.56%) Amazon Redshift
19 83 (2.00%) Amazon Athena
19 83 (2.00%) Redis
Development Applications
1 397 (9.58%) Git (software)
2 317 (7.65%) JIRA
3 247 (5.96%) Jenkins
4 131 (3.16%) Selenium
5 128 (3.09%) Team Foundation Server
6 119 (2.87%) TeamCity
7 105 (2.53%) Maven
8 96 (2.32%) Visual Studio
9 94 (2.27%) JUnit
10 85 (2.05%) Subversion
11 76 (1.83%) Cucumber
12 70 (1.69%) Octopus Deploy
13 63 (1.52%) NUnit
14 59 (1.42%) SpecFlow
15 50 (1.21%) Bitbucket
16 40 (0.97%) gulp
17 37 (0.89%) Eclipse
18 35 (0.84%) Artifactory
19 33 (0.80%) Visual Studio Team System
20 32 (0.77%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 1,119 (27.00%) Finance
2 482 (11.63%) Banking
3 263 (6.35%) Front Office
4 134 (3.23%) Public Sector
5 132 (3.19%) Investment Banking
6 125 (3.02%) Retail
7 84 (2.03%) Marketing
8 69 (1.67%) Legal
9 63 (1.52%) Back Office
10 62 (1.50%) Law
11 39 (0.94%) Telecoms
12 32 (0.77%) Advertising
13 30 (0.72%) Financial Institution
14 23 (0.56%) Games
14 23 (0.56%) Retail Banking
15 22 (0.53%) Publishing
16 21 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
17 18 (0.43%) Local Government
18 17 (0.41%) Manufacturing
19 10 (0.24%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 1,930 (46.57%) Developer
2 641 (15.47%) Analyst
3 389 (9.39%) SQL Developer
4 290 (7.00%) Data Engineer
5 278 (6.71%) Java Developer
6 262 (6.32%) Architect
7 259 (6.25%) C# Developer
8 242 (5.84%) .NET Developer
9 231 (5.57%) Data Analyst
10 196 (4.73%) Senior Developer
11 185 (4.46%) Business Intelligence Developer
12 145 (3.50%) Consultant
13 142 (3.43%) Python Developer
14 128 (3.09%) Full Stack Developer
15 124 (2.99%) SQL Analyst
16 123 (2.97%) Business Analyst
17 113 (2.73%) C# .NET Developer
18 97 (2.34%) Azure Engineer
18 97 (2.34%) DBA
19 91 (2.20%) Azure Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 787 (18.99%) .NET
2 402 (9.70%) AngularJS
3 339 (8.18%) HTML
4 317 (7.65%) CSS
5 305 (7.36%) Web Services
6 247 (5.96%) React
6 247 (5.96%) REST
7 244 (5.89%) XML
8 226 (5.45%) Spring
9 218 (5.26%) JSON
10 180 (4.34%) Node.js
11 174 (4.20%) ASP.NET
12 171 (4.13%) RESTful
13 162 (3.91%) .NET Core
14 143 (3.45%) .NET Framework
15 137 (3.31%) ASP.NET Web API
16 109 (2.63%) Spring Boot
17 107 (2.58%) Kafka
18 103 (2.49%) Hibernate
19 102 (2.46%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 367 (8.86%) Analytical Skills
2 180 (4.34%) Greenfield Project
3 174 (4.20%) Derivative
4 161 (3.89%) Fixed Income
5 117 (2.82%) Hedge funds
6 115 (2.78%) Data Structures
7 113 (2.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 108 (2.61%) Equities
9 87 (2.10%) Algorithms
10 86 (2.08%) Public Cloud
11 83 (2.00%) Equity Derivative
12 82 (1.98%) User Experience
13 66 (1.59%) Virtual Team
14 65 (1.57%) Management Information System
15 55 (1.33%) Self-Motivation
16 54 (1.30%) Replication
17 53 (1.28%) Enterprise Software
18 36 (0.87%) Reference Data
19 34 (0.82%) Credit Risk
20 29 (0.70%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 371 (8.95%) Windows
2 356 (8.59%) Linux
3 256 (6.18%) Unix
4 133 (3.21%) Windows Server
5 68 (1.64%) Windows Server 2008
6 66 (1.59%) Windows Server 2012
7 37 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 28 (0.68%) Solaris
8 28 (0.68%) Windows 10
9 24 (0.58%) VMS
10 22 (0.53%) AIX
11 19 (0.46%) Windows 7
11 19 (0.46%) Windows Server 2003
12 13 (0.31%) Android
13 10 (0.24%) Apple iOS
13 10 (0.24%) CentOS
14 8 (0.19%) Ubuntu
15 7 (0.17%) SUSE
16 5 (0.12%) CoreOS
17 4 (0.097%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,264 (30.50%) Agile Software Development
2 755 (18.22%) Business Intelligence
3 597 (14.41%) Analytics
4 566 (13.66%) ETL
5 539 (13.01%) DevOps
6 442 (10.67%) Data Modelling
6 442 (10.67%) Migration
7 426 (10.28%) TDD
8 385 (9.29%) Microservices
9 362 (8.74%) Scrum
10 333 (8.04%) Test Automation
11 317 (7.65%) Problem-Solving
12 272 (6.56%) Visualisation
13 255 (6.15%) Data Analysis
14 240 (5.79%) Software Engineering
15 239 (5.77%) Data Science
16 229 (5.53%) Continuous Integration
17 216 (5.21%) Asset Management
18 212 (5.12%) Machine Learning
19 194 (4.68%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 962 (23.21%) Python
2 874 (21.09%) Java
3 815 (19.67%) C#
4 560 (13.51%) JavaScript
5 381 (9.19%) T-SQL
6 340 (8.20%) PL/SQL
7 258 (6.23%) PowerShell
8 200 (4.83%) Scala
9 192 (4.63%) R
10 153 (3.69%) C++
11 135 (3.26%) VBA
12 115 (2.78%) TypeScript
13 109 (2.63%) Shell Script
14 95 (2.29%) Ruby
15 86 (2.08%) Java 8
16 81 (1.95%) Perl
17 68 (1.64%) Bash Shell
18 64 (1.54%) VB.NET
19 55 (1.33%) VB
20 54 (1.30%) PHP
Qualifications
1 305 (7.36%) Security Cleared
2 263 (6.35%) SC Cleared
3 222 (5.36%) Degree
4 65 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 40 (0.97%) Microsoft Certification
6 36 (0.87%) PhD
7 27 (0.65%) DV Cleared
8 25 (0.60%) Master's Degree
9 19 (0.46%) MCSA
10 16 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
10 16 (0.39%) MCSE
11 15 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 14 (0.34%) CCNA
13 13 (0.31%) Citrix Certification
14 10 (0.24%) CCA
14 10 (0.24%) CCNP
15 9 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
16 8 (0.19%) ISEB
17 7 (0.17%) MCP
17 7 (0.17%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 168 (4.05%) QA
2 119 (2.87%) Data Quality
3 43 (1.04%) GDPR
4 27 (0.65%) SLA
5 23 (0.56%) IFRS
5 23 (0.56%) MiFID
6 13 (0.31%) Solvency II
7 10 (0.24%) PMO
8 8 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 7 (0.17%) COREP
9 7 (0.17%) WCAG
10 6 (0.14%) EMIR
11 5 (0.12%) HL7
11 5 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 4 (0.097%) FINREP
13 3 (0.072%) Basel III
13 3 (0.072%) CRD IV
13 3 (0.072%) Disclosure Scotland
13 3 (0.072%) Government Security Classifications
13 3 (0.072%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 289 (6.97%) Docker
2 177 (4.27%) Active Directory
3 88 (2.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 38 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
5 36 (0.87%) HDFS
6 35 (0.84%) Hyper-V
7 27 (0.65%) VMware ESXi
8 20 (0.48%) XenApp
9 19 (0.46%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 17 (0.41%) XenDesktop
11 16 (0.39%) Microsoft App-V
11 16 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
12 13 (0.31%) vSphere
13 11 (0.27%) VirtualBox
14 10 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
15 9 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
16 8 (0.19%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
17 6 (0.14%) Apache Flume
17 6 (0.14%) VMware Server
18 5 (0.12%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 223 (5.38%) Kubernetes
2 112 (2.70%) Terraform
3 74 (1.79%) Ansible
4 64 (1.54%) SCCM
5 41 (0.99%) Puppet
6 35 (0.84%) Opscode Chef
7 26 (0.63%) Microsoft Intune
8 23 (0.56%) Hadoop YARN
9 20 (0.48%) Tivoli
10 17 (0.41%) Kibana
11 15 (0.36%) Control-M
11 15 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
12 13 (0.31%) ITRS Geneos
13 12 (0.29%) Data Guard
13 12 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
14 11 (0.27%) Istio
15 10 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
15 10 (0.24%) MIIS
15 10 (0.24%) SCOM
16 8 (0.19%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 762 (18.39%) Microsoft
2 737 (17.78%) Oracle
3 290 (7.00%) Tableau
4 189 (4.56%) Google
5 117 (2.82%) VMware
6 112 (2.70%) Sybase
7 97 (2.34%) SAP
8 86 (2.08%) Informatica
9 82 (1.98%) Red Hat
10 75 (1.81%) IBM
11 67 (1.62%) Databricks
12 63 (1.52%) MuleSoft
13 59 (1.42%) Cognos
14 50 (1.21%) Alteryx
14 50 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
15 48 (1.16%) Cisco
16 47 (1.13%) Citrix
17 46 (1.11%) Talend
18 43 (1.04%) Bloomberg
19 41 (0.99%) MicroStrategy