Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 9 6
Rank change year-on-year +2 -3 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 5,230 2,012 5,103
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 14.84% 14.60% 13.82%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.39% 28.72% 29.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,844 1,452 3,846
10th Percentile £363 £350 £350
25th Percentile £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £650 £625 £581
90th Percentile £738 £713 £675
England median daily rate £513 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +7.89% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 18 38
10th Percentile £24.50 £14.33 £15.58
25th Percentile £35.00 £24.37 £24.73
Median hourly rate £45.00 £36.00 £36.70
Median % change year-on-year +25.00% -1.91% +39.81%
75th Percentile £60.00 £39.39 £50.00
90th Percentile £65.00 £46.23 £50.90
England median hourly rate £36.00 £24.25 £36.70
% change year-on-year +48.45% -33.92% +49.80%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,148 7,005 17,590
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 45.82% 50.82% 47.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,194 5,138 13,471
10th Percentile £400 £350 £363
25th Percentile £475 £425 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £560 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +6.67% - -
75th Percentile £675 £638 £613
90th Percentile £746 £738 £700
England median daily rate £525 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +5.05% +2.51% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 87 40 112
10th Percentile £24.50 £17.90 £17.63
25th Percentile £35.44 £24.63 £25.00
Median hourly rate £52.50 £36.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +45.83% -24.21% +21.79%
75th Percentile £63.63 £40.75 £52.50
90th Percentile £70.04 £54.10 £55.50
England median hourly rate £45.50 £37.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +21.33% -16.67% +6.51%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 680 £555 +16.84% 413
West London -3 78 £468 -8.33% 116
South London +6 47 £525 +23.53% 44
East London -4 20 £325 - 120
North London -4 6 £215 -42.67% 13
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,750 (33.46%) Agile Software Development
2 1,711 (32.72%) Python
3 1,548 (29.60%) Finance
4 1,485 (28.39%) Azure
5 1,190 (22.75%) Java
6 1,121 (21.43%) Social Skills
7 1,012 (19.35%) Oracle
8 973 (18.60%) Business Intelligence
9 959 (18.34%) C#
10 952 (18.20%) Analytics
11 946 (18.09%) SQL Server
12 941 (17.99%) DevOps
13 913 (17.46%) .NET
14 907 (17.34%) Banking
15 883 (16.88%) AWS
16 695 (13.29%) ETL
17 681 (13.02%) JavaScript
18 668 (12.77%) Microsoft
19 667 (12.75%) Power Platform
20 665 (12.72%) Data Warehouse
21 658 (12.58%) Analytical Skills
22 644 (12.31%) Power BI
23 643 (12.29%) Data Modelling
24 581 (11.11%) Git (software)
25 570 (10.90%) Scrum
26 512 (9.79%) Problem-Solving
27 509 (9.73%) Microservices
28 496 (9.48%) Windows
28 496 (9.48%) Linux
29 482 (9.22%) Software Engineering

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 395 (7.55%) Apache Spark
2 175 (3.35%) Apache
3 157 (3.00%) Confluence
4 151 (2.89%) SharePoint
5 130 (2.49%) Apache Airflow
6 93 (1.78%) SAS
7 80 (1.53%) Tomcat
8 79 (1.51%) Elasticsearch
9 68 (1.30%) IIS
10 47 (0.90%) BizTalk Server
11 40 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 38 (0.73%) WebLogic
12 38 (0.73%) WebSphere
13 32 (0.61%) Luigi
14 26 (0.50%) CMS
14 26 (0.50%) Oracle Coherence
15 24 (0.46%) Jupyter
16 18 (0.34%) DataSynapse
16 18 (0.34%) JBoss
17 13 (0.25%) nginx
Applications
1 354 (6.77%) Microsoft Excel
2 109 (2.08%) Microsoft Office
3 80 (1.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 40 (0.76%) MS Visio
5 21 (0.40%) SPSS
6 16 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
6 16 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
7 11 (0.21%) Chatbot
7 11 (0.21%) Stata
8 7 (0.13%) Oracle Smart View
9 6 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 3 (0.057%) Mingle
10 3 (0.057%) Photoshop
11 1 (0.019%) CPLEX
11 1 (0.019%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.019%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 53 (1.01%) Dynamics CRM
2 39 (0.75%) SunGard Martini
3 25 (0.48%) Dynamics AX
4 21 (0.40%) ION MarketView
5 18 (0.34%) Markit EDM
5 18 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
6 16 (0.31%) SAP S/4HANA
7 11 (0.21%) Hyperion Planning
7 11 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
7 11 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 10 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
8 10 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
8 10 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 10 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 9 (0.17%) Oracle General Ledger
9 9 (0.17%) Sentinel
10 7 (0.13%) Endur
10 7 (0.13%) NetSuite
10 7 (0.13%) RMDS
10 7 (0.13%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,485 (28.39%) Azure
2 883 (16.88%) AWS
3 667 (12.75%) Power Platform
4 368 (7.04%) GCP
5 329 (6.29%) Serverless
6 253 (4.84%) Azure Data Factory
7 186 (3.56%) AWS Lambda
8 168 (3.21%) Amazon S3
9 167 (3.19%) PaaS
10 159 (3.04%) GitHub
11 155 (2.96%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 146 (2.79%) Azure Functions
13 106 (2.03%) Amazon EC2
14 103 (1.97%) Azure Synapse Analytics
14 103 (1.97%) Microsoft 365
15 91 (1.74%) IaaS
16 89 (1.70%) Azure Logic Apps
17 88 (1.68%) Azure Storage
18 87 (1.66%) Snowflake
19 77 (1.47%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 103 (1.97%) Firewall
2 89 (1.70%) TCP/IP
3 79 (1.51%) HTTP
4 54 (1.03%) SSL
5 52 (0.99%) DNS
6 44 (0.84%) Internet
7 35 (0.67%) SAN
7 35 (0.67%) WAN
8 33 (0.63%) RTMP
9 28 (0.54%) FTP
9 28 (0.54%) LAN
10 27 (0.52%) Multicast
11 26 (0.50%) DHCP
12 19 (0.36%) HTTPS
13 18 (0.34%) Kerberos
14 17 (0.33%) Intranet
14 17 (0.33%) VPN
15 16 (0.31%) NAS
16 14 (0.27%) Network Security
17 12 (0.23%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 946 (18.09%) SQL Server
2 665 (12.72%) Data Warehouse
3 644 (12.31%) Power BI
4 478 (9.14%) Relational Database
5 420 (8.03%) NoSQL
6 379 (7.25%) Big Data
7 350 (6.69%) Tableau
8 316 (6.04%) Azure SQL Database
9 315 (6.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 296 (5.66%) Data Lake
11 272 (5.20%) PostgreSQL
12 254 (4.86%) Hadoop
13 234 (4.47%) Oracle Database
14 199 (3.80%) MongoDB
15 174 (3.33%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 160 (3.06%) MySQL
17 152 (2.91%) BigQuery
18 147 (2.81%) RDBMS
19 137 (2.62%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 131 (2.50%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 581 (11.11%) Git (software)
2 445 (8.51%) JIRA
3 384 (7.34%) Jenkins
4 165 (3.15%) TeamCity
5 163 (3.12%) Visual Studio
6 160 (3.06%) Subversion
7 139 (2.66%) Maven
8 113 (2.16%) Bitbucket
9 100 (1.91%) Cucumber
10 94 (1.80%) Selenium
11 86 (1.64%) GitLab
12 81 (1.55%) Artifactory
13 69 (1.32%) Team Foundation Server
14 57 (1.09%) Oracle APEX
15 56 (1.07%) JUnit
16 52 (0.99%) SpecFlow
17 48 (0.92%) ERwin
18 43 (0.82%) IntelliJ
19 42 (0.80%) Octopus Deploy
20 41 (0.78%) Mockito
General
1 1,548 (29.60%) Finance
2 1,121 (21.43%) Social Skills
3 907 (17.34%) Banking
4 658 (12.58%) Analytical Skills
5 460 (8.80%) Front Office
6 436 (8.34%) Investment Banking
7 199 (3.80%) Presentation Skills
8 195 (3.73%) Marketing
9 160 (3.06%) Public Sector
10 94 (1.80%) Retail
11 87 (1.66%) Legal
12 66 (1.26%) Telecoms
13 63 (1.20%) Documentation Skills
14 62 (1.19%) Financial Institution
15 57 (1.09%) Back Office
16 46 (0.88%) Law
17 40 (0.76%) Advertising
18 37 (0.71%) Organisational Skills
18 37 (0.71%) Retail Banking
19 36 (0.69%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 1,969 (37.65%) Developer
2 911 (17.42%) Analyst
3 568 (10.86%) Data Engineer
4 356 (6.81%) Data Analyst
5 346 (6.62%) Java Developer
6 321 (6.14%) C# Developer
7 295 (5.64%) Architect
8 290 (5.54%) Python Developer
9 252 (4.82%) Business Analyst
10 242 (4.63%) SQL Developer
11 224 (4.28%) Azure Engineer
12 216 (4.13%) Consultant
13 213 (4.07%) Senior Developer
14 190 (3.63%) .NET Developer
14 190 (3.63%) Full Stack Developer
14 190 (3.63%) Python Engineer
15 189 (3.61%) SQL Analyst
16 187 (3.58%) Software Engineer
17 121 (2.31%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 108 (2.07%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 913 (17.46%) .NET
2 413 (7.90%) AngularJS
3 400 (7.65%) Spring
4 391 (7.48%) REST
5 362 (6.92%) HTML
6 354 (6.77%) React
7 351 (6.71%) Kafka
8 339 (6.48%) Web Services
9 268 (5.12%) XML
10 263 (5.03%) Spring Boot
11 258 (4.93%) CSS
12 255 (4.88%) .NET Framework
13 239 (4.57%) RESTful
14 229 (4.38%) JSON
15 222 (4.24%) .NET Core
16 194 (3.71%) ASP.NET
17 161 (3.08%) HTML5
18 159 (3.04%) Node.js
19 129 (2.47%) WPF
20 121 (2.31%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 260 (4.97%) Derivative
2 254 (4.86%) Fixed Income
3 227 (4.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 191 (3.65%) Data Structures
5 148 (2.83%) Algorithms
6 144 (2.75%) Equities
7 136 (2.60%) Management Information System
8 116 (2.22%) Virtual Team
9 92 (1.76%) User Experience
10 87 (1.66%) Cloud Native
11 81 (1.55%) Legacy Systems
12 74 (1.41%) Reference Data
13 71 (1.36%) Data Protection Act
14 69 (1.32%) Greenfield Project
14 69 (1.32%) Self-Motivation
15 63 (1.20%) Credit Risk
16 61 (1.17%) Data Centre
17 52 (0.99%) Clustering
18 50 (0.96%) Enterprise Software
18 50 (0.96%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 496 (9.48%) Linux
1 496 (9.48%) Windows
2 320 (6.12%) Unix
3 95 (1.82%) Windows Server
4 73 (1.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 34 (0.65%) Windows Server 2012
6 32 (0.61%) Windows Server 2016
7 29 (0.55%) Ubuntu
8 23 (0.44%) Windows Server 2008
9 20 (0.38%) Solaris
10 18 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
11 15 (0.29%) Windows 10
12 14 (0.27%) VMS
13 12 (0.23%) Android
13 12 (0.23%) Apple iOS
13 12 (0.23%) CentOS
14 11 (0.21%) Debian
15 9 (0.17%) Windows 7
16 6 (0.11%) zOS
17 5 (0.096%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,750 (33.46%) Agile Software Development
2 973 (18.60%) Business Intelligence
3 952 (18.20%) Analytics
4 941 (17.99%) DevOps
5 695 (13.29%) ETL
6 643 (12.29%) Data Modelling
7 570 (10.90%) Scrum
8 512 (9.79%) Problem-Solving
9 509 (9.73%) Microservices
10 482 (9.22%) Software Engineering
11 470 (8.99%) Visualisation
12 460 (8.80%) TDD
13 458 (8.76%) Test Automation
14 432 (8.26%) Data Analysis
14 432 (8.26%) Full Stack Development
15 429 (8.20%) Migration
16 342 (6.54%) Data Engineering
17 329 (6.29%) Data Science
18 320 (6.12%) SDLC
19 285 (5.45%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 1,711 (32.72%) Python
2 1,190 (22.75%) Java
3 959 (18.34%) C#
4 681 (13.02%) JavaScript
5 387 (7.40%) PL/SQL
6 382 (7.30%) T-SQL
7 302 (5.77%) TypeScript
8 294 (5.62%) C++
9 269 (5.14%) Scala
10 252 (4.82%) PowerShell
11 198 (3.79%) R
12 174 (3.33%) VBA
13 166 (3.17%) Java 8
14 125 (2.39%) Shell Script
15 103 (1.97%) Go
16 101 (1.93%) VB
17 92 (1.76%) Kotlin
18 84 (1.61%) C
19 80 (1.53%) Bash Shell
20 77 (1.47%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 359 (6.86%) Degree
2 217 (4.15%) Security Cleared
3 163 (3.12%) SC Cleared
4 131 (2.50%) Computer Science Degree
5 35 (0.67%) DV Cleared
6 31 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
7 22 (0.42%) Master's Degree
8 18 (0.34%) ISTQB
8 18 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
9 16 (0.31%) CIMA
10 15 (0.29%) ISEB
11 14 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
11 14 (0.27%) DBS Check
12 13 (0.25%) AWS Certification
13 11 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
14 10 (0.19%) CISSP
15 8 (0.15%) CISM
15 8 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 8 (0.15%) MCSA
16 7 (0.13%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 240 (4.59%) QA
2 229 (4.38%) Data Quality
3 78 (1.49%) GDPR
4 38 (0.73%) IFRS
5 35 (0.67%) Accessibility
6 28 (0.54%) EMIR
7 25 (0.48%) MiFID
8 24 (0.46%) SLA
9 19 (0.36%) GAAP
10 17 (0.33%) Dodd-Frank
11 15 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 14 (0.27%) GRC
13 10 (0.19%) PMO
14 7 (0.13%) COREP
15 6 (0.11%) FINREP
15 6 (0.11%) NIST
16 5 (0.096%) WCAG
17 4 (0.076%) IFRS 9
17 4 (0.076%) Solvency II
18 2 (0.038%) Actionable Recommendations
System Software
1 413 (7.90%) Docker
2 181 (3.46%) Active Directory
3 77 (1.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (0.50%) vSphere
5 22 (0.42%) Oracle RAC
6 20 (0.38%) HDFS
7 19 (0.36%) Hyper-V
8 17 (0.33%) Virtual Desktop
9 13 (0.25%) NFS
10 12 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
11 10 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
11 10 (0.19%) XenApp
11 10 (0.19%) XenDesktop
12 9 (0.17%) Platform Symphony
13 8 (0.15%) VMware NSX
14 7 (0.13%) KVM
14 7 (0.13%) OpenAM
14 7 (0.13%) SRDF
14 7 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
14 7 (0.13%) Xen
Systems Management
1 431 (8.24%) Kubernetes
2 227 (4.34%) Terraform
3 192 (3.67%) Ansible
4 56 (1.07%) BladeLogic
5 50 (0.96%) Prometheus
5 50 (0.96%) Puppet
6 44 (0.84%) ITRS Geneos
7 42 (0.80%) Grafana
8 38 (0.73%) Control-M
9 37 (0.71%) Opscode Chef
10 34 (0.65%) Kibana
11 25 (0.48%) Oozie
12 24 (0.46%) Microsoft Intune
13 23 (0.44%) Data Guard
14 21 (0.40%) Nagios
15 20 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
16 18 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
16 18 (0.34%) Microsoft Clustering
17 14 (0.27%) Istio
18 13 (0.25%) SCCM
Vendors
1 1,012 (19.35%) Oracle
2 668 (12.77%) Microsoft
3 315 (6.02%) Databricks
4 232 (4.44%) Google
5 138 (2.64%) SAP
6 125 (2.39%) Salesforce.com
7 106 (2.03%) VMware
8 101 (1.93%) Informatica
9 100 (1.91%) IBM
10 80 (1.53%) Alteryx
10 80 (1.53%) Splunk
11 78 (1.49%) Red Hat
12 77 (1.47%) MuleSoft
13 71 (1.36%) TIBCO
14 70 (1.34%) Bloomberg
15 69 (1.32%) Adobe
16 54 (1.03%) Teradata
17 43 (0.82%) Citrix
17 43 (0.82%) Sybase
18 42 (0.80%) FIS