Period
to 8 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 8 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
8 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 5 5 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Contract jobs citing SQL 3,489 5,796 6,518
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 14.00% 13.57% 13.99%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.26% 28.16% 28.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,560 4,329 4,794
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
England median daily rate £463 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +2.78% +2.86% +6.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 32 77
Median hourly rate £35.00 £27.75 £26.60
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.13% +4.34% -36.68%
10th Percentile £24.50 £20.00 £16.15
90th Percentile £46.51 £51.68 £48.75
England median hourly rate £27.50 £28.50 £26.89
% change year-on-year -3.51% +6.00% -28.30%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,925 20,585 22,500
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.86% 48.18% 48.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,652 15,535 17,233
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £369 £363 £351
90th Percentile £694 £675 £675
England median daily rate £500 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 123 122 204
Median hourly rate £44.02 £35.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +24.00% +1.43% -20.45%
10th Percentile £24.50 £19.03 £17.75
90th Percentile £68.71 £53.75 £50.50
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 8 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 763 £495 -1.00% 227
South London +19 136 £478 +0.53% 36
West London 0 116 £450 +5.88% 84
East London -4 43 £450 -14.29% 39
North London +11 15 £450 - 9
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 8 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,095 (31.38%) Agile Software Development
2 990 (28.37%) Finance
3 940 (26.94%) SQL Server
4 896 (25.68%) Azure
5 783 (22.44%) Java
6 776 (22.24%) C#
7 766 (21.95%) Python
8 723 (20.72%) .NET
9 672 (19.26%) Oracle
10 664 (19.03%) Microsoft
11 658 (18.86%) Business Intelligence
12 550 (15.76%) Analytics
13 535 (15.33%) AWS
14 494 (14.16%) Data Warehouse
15 485 (13.90%) DevOps
16 476 (13.64%) JavaScript
17 461 (13.21%) ETL
18 410 (11.75%) Banking
19 389 (11.15%) Data Modelling
20 382 (10.95%) T-SQL
21 375 (10.75%) Git (software)
22 371 (10.63%) NoSQL
23 368 (10.55%) Windows
23 368 (10.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
24 358 (10.26%) Analytical Skills
25 355 (10.17%) Migration
26 351 (10.06%) Microservices
27 350 (10.03%) Power Platform
28 347 (9.95%) TDD
29 346 (9.92%) Power BI

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 152 (4.36%) Apache Spark
2 129 (3.70%) Confluence
3 126 (3.61%) WebLogic
4 102 (2.92%) SharePoint
5 67 (1.92%) IIS
6 59 (1.69%) SAS
7 55 (1.58%) JBoss
8 53 (1.52%) Apache
9 51 (1.46%) Elasticsearch
10 47 (1.35%) Tomcat
11 45 (1.29%) Red Hat Fuse
12 42 (1.20%) MQSeries
13 40 (1.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 30 (0.86%) Apache Airflow
15 24 (0.69%) BizTalk Server
16 23 (0.66%) Oracle Workflow
17 20 (0.57%) MS Exchange
18 16 (0.46%) WebSphere
19 12 (0.34%) CMS
20 11 (0.32%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 285 (8.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 61 (1.75%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (0.60%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 15 (0.43%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.086%) Acrobat
7 3 (0.086%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.086%) SPSS
8 2 (0.057%) Stata
9 1 (0.029%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.029%) EngageOne
9 1 (0.029%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.029%) InfoPath
9 1 (0.029%) Weka
Business Applications
1 34 (0.97%) FINCAD Analytics
2 31 (0.89%) Dynamics CRM
3 24 (0.69%) Markit EDM
4 23 (0.66%) Oracle EBS
5 18 (0.52%) PolarLake
6 14 (0.40%) Elite 3E
7 11 (0.32%) Eagle PACE
8 10 (0.29%) NetSuite
8 10 (0.29%) SAP BPC
9 8 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
9 8 (0.23%) Oracle AML
9 8 (0.23%) Oracle ERP
9 8 (0.23%) Oracle Payables
9 8 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
10 7 (0.20%) SAP Business One
10 7 (0.20%) thinkFolio
11 5 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
11 5 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 5 (0.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 4 (0.11%) Orchestrade
Cloud Services
1 896 (25.68%) Azure
2 535 (15.33%) AWS
3 350 (10.03%) Power Platform
4 232 (6.65%) GCP
5 143 (4.10%) Azure Data Factory
6 97 (2.78%) Serverless
7 96 (2.75%) PaaS
8 94 (2.69%) GitHub
9 82 (2.35%) Office 365
10 71 (2.03%) SaaS
11 63 (1.81%) IaaS
12 54 (1.55%) Amazon S3
12 54 (1.55%) Azure Functions
13 42 (1.20%) AWS Step Functions
14 41 (1.18%) Amazon EC2
15 39 (1.12%) AWS Lambda
16 37 (1.06%) Dynamics 365
17 30 (0.86%) Azure Active Directory
18 27 (0.77%) Data Lake Analytics
19 26 (0.75%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 53 (1.52%) Firewall
1 53 (1.52%) SAN
2 46 (1.32%) HTTP
3 38 (1.09%) TCP/IP
4 35 (1.00%) DNS
5 34 (0.97%) LAN
6 33 (0.95%) VPN
7 32 (0.92%) WAN
8 29 (0.83%) DHCP
9 18 (0.52%) SSL
10 15 (0.43%) NAS
10 15 (0.43%) Network Security
11 14 (0.40%) FTP
12 13 (0.37%) RTMP
13 12 (0.34%) Internet
14 10 (0.29%) AMQP
14 10 (0.29%) Broadband
14 10 (0.29%) HTTPS
14 10 (0.29%) MPLS
15 8 (0.23%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 940 (26.94%) SQL Server
2 494 (14.16%) Data Warehouse
3 371 (10.63%) NoSQL
4 368 (10.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 346 (9.92%) Power BI
6 321 (9.20%) Relational Database
7 239 (6.85%) Big Data
8 236 (6.76%) PostgreSQL
9 235 (6.74%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 215 (6.16%) Azure SQL Database
11 169 (4.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 164 (4.70%) Data Lake
13 156 (4.47%) MongoDB
14 149 (4.27%) Oracle Database
15 143 (4.10%) Hadoop
16 141 (4.04%) MySQL
17 121 (3.47%) RDBMS
18 94 (2.69%) Redis
19 84 (2.41%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
20 80 (2.29%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 375 (10.75%) Git (software)
2 268 (7.68%) JIRA
3 256 (7.34%) Jenkins
4 138 (3.96%) Team Foundation Server
5 116 (3.32%) Maven
6 112 (3.21%) Subversion
6 112 (3.21%) TeamCity
7 109 (3.12%) JUnit
8 105 (3.01%) Visual Studio
9 99 (2.84%) Selenium
10 76 (2.18%) Cucumber
11 60 (1.72%) Octopus Deploy
12 47 (1.35%) Artifactory
12 47 (1.35%) SpecFlow
13 46 (1.32%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 44 (1.26%) Bitbucket
15 43 (1.23%) GitLab
16 42 (1.20%) Postman
17 38 (1.09%) Eclipse
18 35 (1.00%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 990 (28.37%) Finance
2 410 (11.75%) Banking
3 273 (7.82%) Front Office
4 144 (4.13%) Public Sector
5 131 (3.75%) Investment Banking
6 102 (2.92%) Retail
7 79 (2.26%) Legal
8 71 (2.03%) Marketing
9 59 (1.69%) Law
10 47 (1.35%) Back Office
11 36 (1.03%) Telecoms
12 23 (0.66%) Publishing
13 22 (0.63%) Local Government
14 20 (0.57%) Pharmaceutical
15 18 (0.52%) Financial Institution
15 18 (0.52%) Manufacturing
16 17 (0.49%) Advertising
17 16 (0.46%) Retail Banking
18 8 (0.23%) Police
19 7 (0.20%) Games
Job Titles
1 1,589 (45.54%) Developer
2 502 (14.39%) Analyst
3 326 (9.34%) SQL Developer
4 273 (7.82%) C# Developer
5 263 (7.54%) Data Engineer
6 261 (7.48%) Java Developer
7 249 (7.14%) Architect
8 218 (6.25%) .NET Developer
9 176 (5.04%) Data Analyst
10 168 (4.82%) Senior Developer
11 143 (4.10%) Consultant
12 139 (3.98%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 110 (3.15%) Python Developer
14 104 (2.98%) Azure Engineer
14 104 (2.98%) C# .NET Developer
15 101 (2.89%) Full Stack Developer
15 101 (2.89%) SQL Analyst
16 100 (2.87%) Business Analyst
17 84 (2.41%) AWS Engineer
18 81 (2.32%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 723 (20.72%) .NET
2 325 (9.31%) AngularJS
3 294 (8.43%) Web Services
4 290 (8.31%) HTML
5 256 (7.34%) CSS
6 253 (7.25%) XML
7 231 (6.62%) REST
8 221 (6.33%) React
9 215 (6.16%) Spring
10 179 (5.13%) JSON
11 171 (4.90%) Node.js
12 162 (4.64%) ASP.NET
13 148 (4.24%) .NET Core
13 148 (4.24%) RESTful
14 114 (3.27%) Hibernate
15 106 (3.04%) .NET Framework
15 106 (3.04%) Spring Boot
16 101 (2.89%) SOAP
17 100 (2.87%) Kafka
18 96 (2.75%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 358 (10.26%) Analytical Skills
2 173 (4.96%) Fixed Income
3 146 (4.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 145 (4.16%) Derivative
5 129 (3.70%) Greenfield Project
6 116 (3.32%) Data Structures
7 106 (3.04%) Hedge funds
8 82 (2.35%) User Experience
9 66 (1.89%) Equities
10 63 (1.81%) Algorithms
11 60 (1.72%) Equity Derivative
12 55 (1.58%) Management Information System
13 54 (1.55%) Replication
14 52 (1.49%) Public Cloud
15 49 (1.40%) Virtual Team
16 47 (1.35%) Credit Risk
17 42 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
17 42 (1.20%) Self-Motivation
18 37 (1.06%) Reference Data
19 33 (0.95%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 368 (10.55%) Windows
2 341 (9.77%) Linux
3 262 (7.51%) Unix
4 139 (3.98%) Windows Server
5 49 (1.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 47 (1.35%) Windows Server 2012
7 45 (1.29%) Windows Server 2008
8 31 (0.89%) Windows Server 2016
9 24 (0.69%) Solaris
9 24 (0.69%) Ubuntu
10 20 (0.57%) Windows 10
11 14 (0.40%) Windows Server 2019
12 13 (0.37%) Android
12 13 (0.37%) Windows Server 2003
13 12 (0.34%) Apple iOS
14 9 (0.26%) VMS
15 8 (0.23%) AIX
15 8 (0.23%) Oracle Linux
16 6 (0.17%) Windows 7
17 5 (0.14%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,095 (31.38%) Agile Software Development
2 658 (18.86%) Business Intelligence
3 550 (15.76%) Analytics
4 485 (13.90%) DevOps
5 461 (13.21%) ETL
6 389 (11.15%) Data Modelling
7 355 (10.17%) Migration
8 351 (10.06%) Microservices
9 347 (9.95%) TDD
10 294 (8.43%) Test Automation
11 268 (7.68%) Scrum
12 253 (7.25%) Problem-Solving
13 244 (6.99%) Visualisation
14 230 (6.59%) Continuous Integration
15 224 (6.42%) Software Engineering
16 219 (6.28%) SDLC
17 212 (6.08%) Asset Management
18 201 (5.76%) Data Analysis
19 188 (5.39%) Data Science
20 176 (5.04%) OO
Programming Languages
1 783 (22.44%) Java
2 776 (22.24%) C#
3 766 (21.95%) Python
4 476 (13.64%) JavaScript
5 382 (10.95%) T-SQL
6 301 (8.63%) PL/SQL
7 237 (6.79%) PowerShell
8 189 (5.42%) R
9 136 (3.90%) Scala
10 128 (3.67%) VBA
11 124 (3.55%) C++
12 107 (3.07%) TypeScript
13 104 (2.98%) Shell Script
14 87 (2.49%) Bash Shell
15 82 (2.35%) Java 8
16 75 (2.15%) VB.NET
17 60 (1.72%) Ruby
18 59 (1.69%) PHP
19 57 (1.63%) VB
20 56 (1.61%) Perl
Qualifications
1 275 (7.88%) Security Cleared
2 236 (6.76%) SC Cleared
3 192 (5.50%) Degree
4 65 (1.86%) Computer Science Degree
5 37 (1.06%) Microsoft Certification
6 25 (0.72%) DV Cleared
7 23 (0.66%) ISTQB
8 20 (0.57%) Master's Degree
9 15 (0.43%) PhD
10 13 (0.37%) MCSE
10 13 (0.37%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 11 (0.32%) Citrix Certification
11 11 (0.32%) ISEB
11 11 (0.32%) MCSA
12 10 (0.29%) CCNA
12 10 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
13 9 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
13 9 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 9 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
14 8 (0.23%) CCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 129 (3.70%) QA
2 94 (2.69%) Data Quality
3 53 (1.52%) GDPR
4 28 (0.80%) SLA
5 27 (0.77%) IFRS
6 25 (0.72%) Solvency II
7 13 (0.37%) MiFID
8 12 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 10 (0.29%) PMO
9 10 (0.29%) WCAG
10 8 (0.23%) Basel III
11 5 (0.14%) COREP
11 5 (0.14%) EMIR
12 4 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 3 (0.086%) Disclosure Scotland
13 3 (0.086%) FINREP
13 3 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 3 (0.086%) PCI DSS
14 2 (0.057%) RMADS
14 2 (0.057%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 271 (7.77%) Docker
2 156 (4.47%) Active Directory
3 66 (1.89%) VMware Infrastructure
4 35 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
5 32 (0.92%) Hyper-V
6 25 (0.72%) Oracle RAC
7 23 (0.66%) VMware ESXi
8 21 (0.60%) HDFS
9 18 (0.52%) XenApp
10 11 (0.32%) Microsoft App-V
11 10 (0.29%) Terminal Services
11 10 (0.29%) vSphere
12 8 (0.23%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
12 8 (0.23%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 8 (0.23%) XenDesktop
13 6 (0.17%) Apache Flume
13 6 (0.17%) NFS
13 6 (0.17%) VMware Server
14 5 (0.14%) GridGain
14 5 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 241 (6.91%) Kubernetes
2 96 (2.75%) Terraform
3 61 (1.75%) Ansible
4 46 (1.32%) SCCM
5 40 (1.15%) Puppet
6 33 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
7 22 (0.63%) Data Guard
7 22 (0.63%) Kibana
8 17 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
9 16 (0.46%) Oracle RMAN
10 15 (0.43%) Control-M
10 15 (0.43%) ITRS Geneos
11 14 (0.40%) Prometheus
12 12 (0.34%) SCOM
13 11 (0.32%) Grafana
13 11 (0.32%) logstash
14 10 (0.29%) Hadoop YARN
14 10 (0.29%) Microsoft Intune
14 10 (0.29%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 9 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 672 (19.26%) Oracle
2 664 (19.03%) Microsoft
3 237 (6.79%) Tableau
4 178 (5.10%) Google
5 117 (3.35%) Sybase
6 105 (3.01%) SAP
7 93 (2.67%) Red Hat
8 92 (2.64%) VMware
9 75 (2.15%) Databricks
9 75 (2.15%) Informatica
10 68 (1.95%) MuleSoft
11 55 (1.58%) IBM
12 48 (1.38%) Cognos
13 42 (1.20%) Axway
13 42 (1.20%) Splunk
14 41 (1.18%) Salesforce.com
15 40 (1.15%) Cisco
16 35 (1.00%) Citrix
17 34 (0.97%) Bloomberg
18 33 (0.95%) Talend