Period
to 23 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 23 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
23 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 7 6
Rank change year-on-year +2 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 6,445 6,648 5,906
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 13.94% 14.61% 13.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.70% 30.20% 29.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,827 4,836 4,302
London median daily rate £500 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £328 £319 £300
90th Percentile £663 £644 £625
England median daily rate £450 £430 £400
% change year-on-year +4.65% +7.50% +1.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 52 33
London median hourly rate £27.62 £23.55 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.25% -27.53% +50.71%
10th Percentile £15.95 £15.85 £16.70
90th Percentile £50.68 £58.75 £65.00
England median hourly rate £29.15 £28.00 £29.00
% change year-on-year +4.11% -3.45% +10.48%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,266 22,011 19,728
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 50.31% 48.37% 44.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,707 16,606 14,805
London median daily rate £525 £500 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +8.70% +2.22%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £663 £631
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 124 139 110
London median hourly rate £39.00 £36.31 £33.18
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.41% +9.43% +32.73%
10th Percentile £18.18 £17.95 £14.58
90th Percentile £62.81 £50.40 £68.75
England median hourly rate £42.27 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.66% +6.67% +1.35%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 23 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 1,269 £500 - 531
West London +2 253 £415 +3.75% 271
South London -7 218 £475 +5.56% 37
East London 0 170 £480 +1.05% 82
North London -5 18 £450 +20.81% 31
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 23 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,992 (30.91%) Agile Software Development
2 1,926 (29.88%) Finance
3 1,791 (27.79%) SQL Server
4 1,608 (24.95%) C#
5 1,417 (21.99%) .NET
6 1,362 (21.13%) Java
7 1,159 (17.98%) Python
8 1,081 (16.77%) Microsoft
9 1,048 (16.26%) Banking
10 1,038 (16.11%) Oracle
11 1,008 (15.64%) Business Intelligence
12 939 (14.57%) Microsoft Azure
13 920 (14.27%) JavaScript
14 845 (13.11%) Linux
15 803 (12.46%) TDD
16 787 (12.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 763 (11.84%) Analytics
18 753 (11.68%) ETL
19 744 (11.54%) Data Warehouse
20 716 (11.11%) Amazon AWS
21 710 (11.02%) Windows
22 701 (10.88%) T-SQL
23 642 (9.96%) Git (software)
24 636 (9.87%) Analytical Skills
25 634 (9.84%) Unix
26 633 (9.82%) Scrum
27 606 (9.40%) Front Office
28 602 (9.34%) AngularJS
29 591 (9.17%) HTML
30 589 (9.14%) Test Automation

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 320 (4.97%) Apache Spark
2 223 (3.46%) Apache
3 176 (2.73%) IIS
4 166 (2.58%) Elasticsearch
5 140 (2.17%) SAS
6 124 (1.92%) Confluence
7 116 (1.80%) Tomcat
8 98 (1.52%) SharePoint
9 71 (1.10%) CMS
10 70 (1.09%) MS Exchange
11 63 (0.98%) WebSphere
12 57 (0.88%) WebLogic
13 56 (0.87%) NServiceBus
14 49 (0.76%) JBoss
15 44 (0.68%) nginx
15 44 (0.68%) Oracle Workflow
16 41 (0.64%) Exchange Server 2010
17 38 (0.59%) Mule
18 31 (0.48%) Apache Solr
19 25 (0.39%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 478 (7.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 90 (1.40%) Microsoft Office
3 77 (1.19%) MS Visio
4 75 (1.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 42 (0.65%) Spreadsheet
6 39 (0.61%) Microsoft Project
7 18 (0.28%) SPSS
8 17 (0.26%) Photoshop
9 6 (0.093%) Adobe Illustrator
10 5 (0.078%) Acrobat
11 4 (0.062%) Stata
12 2 (0.031%) Chatbot
12 2 (0.031%) GNU Octave
12 2 (0.031%) Mathematica
13 1 (0.016%) Autodesk Inventor
13 1 (0.016%) InVision
13 1 (0.016%) Mingle
13 1 (0.016%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 60 (0.93%) Markit EDM
2 50 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
3 39 (0.61%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 36 (0.56%) Oracle EBS
5 35 (0.54%) Dynamics AX
6 28 (0.43%) Oracle EBS R12
7 25 (0.39%) thinkFolio
8 24 (0.37%) Maximo
9 22 (0.34%) Oracle Financials
9 22 (0.34%) Oracle Payables
10 18 (0.28%) ION MarketView
10 18 (0.28%) Oracle Cash Management
11 15 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
11 15 (0.23%) Oracle Assets
11 15 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
12 14 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
12 14 (0.22%) Oracle Retail
12 14 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
13 13 (0.20%) Bloomberg AIM
13 13 (0.20%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 939 (14.57%) Microsoft Azure
2 716 (11.11%) Amazon AWS
3 211 (3.27%) Google Cloud Platform
4 166 (2.58%) Amazon EC2
5 153 (2.37%) Amazon S3
6 148 (2.30%) GitHub
7 132 (2.05%) PaaS
8 103 (1.60%) Office 365
9 91 (1.41%) IaaS
10 86 (1.33%) Cloud Computing
11 82 (1.27%) Serverless
12 80 (1.24%) Azure Data Factory
13 77 (1.19%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 69 (1.07%) Google Analytics
15 66 (1.02%) SaaS
16 62 (0.96%) npm
17 59 (0.92%) Amazon EMR
17 59 (0.92%) Azure Active Directory
18 39 (0.61%) Dynamics 365
19 35 (0.54%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 103 (1.60%) Firewall
2 98 (1.52%) HTTP
3 64 (0.99%) SSL
4 61 (0.95%) DNS
5 56 (0.87%) AMQP
6 48 (0.74%) Internet
7 45 (0.70%) TCP/IP
8 44 (0.68%) SAN
9 39 (0.61%) LAN
9 39 (0.61%) WAN
10 34 (0.53%) Kerberos
10 34 (0.53%) VPN
11 26 (0.40%) Intranet
12 24 (0.37%) DHCP
13 21 (0.33%) FCoE
13 21 (0.33%) Skype
14 16 (0.25%) BIG-IP
15 15 (0.23%) SMS
16 14 (0.22%) Multicast
17 13 (0.20%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,791 (27.79%) SQL Server
2 787 (12.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 744 (11.54%) Data Warehouse
4 573 (8.89%) NoSQL
5 562 (8.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 550 (8.53%) Relational Database
7 468 (7.26%) Big Data
8 455 (7.06%) Power BI
9 397 (6.16%) Hadoop
10 346 (5.37%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 296 (4.59%) MySQL
12 287 (4.45%) PostgreSQL
13 276 (4.28%) MongoDB
14 235 (3.65%) Oracle Database
15 215 (3.34%) Apache Hive
16 194 (3.01%) Azure SQL Database
17 185 (2.87%) RDBMS
18 154 (2.39%) SQL Server 2012
19 144 (2.23%) Data Lake
20 134 (2.08%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 642 (9.96%) Git (software)
2 453 (7.03%) Jenkins
3 450 (6.98%) JIRA
4 242 (3.75%) TeamCity
5 223 (3.46%) Selenium
6 219 (3.40%) Subversion
7 218 (3.38%) Team Foundation Server
8 210 (3.26%) Maven
9 188 (2.92%) Cucumber
10 184 (2.85%) Visual Studio
11 130 (2.02%) JUnit
12 126 (1.96%) Visual Studio Team System
13 104 (1.61%) SpecFlow
14 79 (1.23%) NUnit
15 78 (1.21%) Bitbucket
15 78 (1.21%) Eclipse
16 68 (1.06%) Gradle
17 63 (0.98%) SoapUI
18 59 (0.92%) Artifactory
18 59 (0.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 1,926 (29.88%) Finance
2 1,048 (16.26%) Banking
3 606 (9.40%) Front Office
4 396 (6.14%) Investment Banking
5 271 (4.20%) Retail
6 202 (3.13%) Marketing
7 118 (1.83%) Financial Institution
8 107 (1.66%) Back Office
9 90 (1.40%) Legal
10 76 (1.18%) Advertising
11 66 (1.02%) Law
12 61 (0.95%) Telecoms
13 60 (0.93%) Publishing
14 54 (0.84%) Games
15 38 (0.59%) General Ledger
16 35 (0.54%) Manufacturing
17 22 (0.34%) Retail Banking
18 20 (0.31%) Billing
19 19 (0.29%) Electronics
20 14 (0.22%) French Language
Job Titles
1 3,320 (51.51%) Developer
2 997 (15.47%) Analyst
3 774 (12.01%) C# Developer
4 612 (9.50%) SQL Developer
5 594 (9.22%) .NET Developer
6 515 (7.99%) Java Developer
7 384 (5.96%) Senior Developer
8 300 (4.65%) C# .NET Developer
9 277 (4.30%) Data Analyst
10 272 (4.22%) Business Intelligence Developer
11 269 (4.17%) Data Engineer
12 266 (4.13%) Architect
13 260 (4.03%) Consultant
14 233 (3.62%) Business Analyst
15 210 (3.26%) Full Stack Developer
16 204 (3.17%) Python Developer
17 195 (3.03%) SQL Analyst
18 148 (2.30%) ASP.NET Developer
19 147 (2.28%) Angular Developer
20 139 (2.16%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,417 (21.99%) .NET
2 602 (9.34%) AngularJS
3 591 (9.17%) HTML
4 469 (7.28%) Web Services
5 450 (6.98%) XML
6 445 (6.90%) CSS
7 439 (6.81%) ASP.NET
8 414 (6.42%) Spring
9 368 (5.71%) REST
10 332 (5.15%) WCF
11 274 (4.25%) .NET Framework
11 274 (4.25%) Node.js
12 268 (4.16%) React
13 262 (4.07%) WPF
14 261 (4.05%) ASP.NET Web API
15 251 (3.89%) JSON
16 230 (3.57%) RESTful
17 229 (3.55%) Kafka
18 216 (3.35%) ASP.NET MVC
19 200 (3.10%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 636 (9.87%) Analytical Skills
2 415 (6.44%) Greenfield Project
3 382 (5.93%) Fixed Income
4 249 (3.86%) Computer Science
5 230 (3.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 228 (3.54%) Derivative
7 207 (3.21%) Fintech
8 180 (2.79%) Algorithms
9 139 (2.16%) Enterprise Software
10 137 (2.13%) Equities
11 134 (2.08%) User Experience
12 129 (2.00%) Data Structures
13 121 (1.88%) Hedge funds
14 100 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
15 94 (1.46%) Credit Risk
16 77 (1.19%) Clustering
17 75 (1.16%) Management Information System
18 74 (1.15%) Market Risk
19 67 (1.04%) Replication
20 61 (0.95%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 845 (13.11%) Linux
2 710 (11.02%) Windows
3 634 (9.84%) Unix
4 233 (3.62%) Windows Server
5 84 (1.30%) Windows Server 2012
6 83 (1.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 73 (1.13%) Windows Server 2008
8 56 (0.87%) Apple iOS
9 51 (0.79%) Windows 10
10 48 (0.74%) Solaris
11 44 (0.68%) Android
12 42 (0.65%) Windows 7
13 37 (0.57%) Ubuntu
14 31 (0.48%) CentOS
14 31 (0.48%) Windows Server 2003
15 22 (0.34%) CoreOS
16 13 (0.20%) SUSE
17 12 (0.19%) VMS
18 11 (0.17%) AIX
18 11 (0.17%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,992 (30.91%) Agile Software Development
2 1,008 (15.64%) Business Intelligence
3 803 (12.46%) TDD
4 763 (11.84%) Analytics
5 753 (11.68%) ETL
6 633 (9.82%) Scrum
7 589 (9.14%) Test Automation
8 582 (9.03%) Problem-Solving
9 557 (8.64%) Continuous Integration
10 544 (8.44%) DevOps
11 482 (7.48%) MVC
12 471 (7.31%) Data Modelling
13 470 (7.29%) BDD
14 450 (6.98%) Microservices
15 423 (6.56%) SDLC
16 399 (6.19%) Migration
17 378 (5.87%) Data Analysis
18 355 (5.51%) OO
19 324 (5.03%) Software Engineering
19 324 (5.03%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,608 (24.95%) C#
2 1,362 (21.13%) Java
3 1,159 (17.98%) Python
4 920 (14.27%) JavaScript
5 701 (10.88%) T-SQL
6 429 (6.66%) PL/SQL
7 363 (5.63%) PowerShell
8 248 (3.85%) Scala
9 247 (3.83%) C++
10 239 (3.71%) R
11 237 (3.68%) Shell Script
12 212 (3.29%) VBA
13 202 (3.13%) Java 8
14 188 (2.92%) Perl
15 187 (2.90%) Bash Shell
16 139 (2.16%) PHP
17 133 (2.06%) VB.NET
18 129 (2.00%) TypeScript
19 123 (1.91%) Ruby
20 111 (1.72%) C
Qualifications
1 376 (5.83%) Degree
2 272 (4.22%) Security Cleared
3 197 (3.06%) SC Cleared
4 85 (1.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 41 (0.64%) ISTQB
6 40 (0.62%) DV Cleared
7 38 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
8 34 (0.53%) Master's Degree
9 28 (0.43%) ISEB
9 28 (0.43%) PhD
10 27 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
11 22 (0.34%) MCSE
12 21 (0.33%) Novell Certification
13 17 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
14 12 (0.19%) CTC Cleared
14 12 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 10 (0.16%) PMI Certification
16 9 (0.14%) BPSS Clearance
16 9 (0.14%) MCSA
17 7 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 317 (4.92%) QA
2 201 (3.12%) Data Quality
3 49 (0.76%) GDPR
4 34 (0.53%) MiFID
4 34 (0.53%) SLA
5 17 (0.26%) EMIR
6 14 (0.22%) Dodd-Frank
7 13 (0.20%) Basel III
8 12 (0.19%) PMO
8 12 (0.19%) Solvency II
9 10 (0.16%) IFRS
10 6 (0.093%) IFRS 9
11 4 (0.062%) Disclosure Scotland
11 4 (0.062%) HL7
11 4 (0.062%) WCAG
12 3 (0.047%) COREP
12 3 (0.047%) ISO 20022
12 3 (0.047%) ISO 8583
12 3 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 3 (0.047%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 330 (5.12%) Docker
2 207 (3.21%) Active Directory
3 101 (1.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 94 (1.46%) HDFS
5 63 (0.98%) Hyper-V
6 46 (0.71%) VMware ESXi
6 46 (0.71%) vSphere
7 35 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
8 27 (0.42%) Oracle RAC
9 20 (0.31%) XenApp
10 19 (0.29%) etcd
10 19 (0.29%) flannel
10 19 (0.29%) SkyDNS
11 18 (0.28%) Ceph
11 18 (0.28%) GlusterFS
12 17 (0.26%) Apache Flume
13 16 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
14 12 (0.19%) BitLocker
15 8 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 8 (0.12%) IAG
Systems Management
1 204 (3.17%) Ansible
2 166 (2.58%) Kubernetes
3 154 (2.39%) Opscode Chef
4 153 (2.37%) Puppet
5 92 (1.43%) SCCM
6 78 (1.21%) Hadoop YARN
7 74 (1.15%) Terraform
8 59 (0.92%) SCOM
9 50 (0.78%) Kibana
10 49 (0.76%) Microsoft Clustering
11 47 (0.73%) Oozie
12 44 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
13 43 (0.67%) Single Sign-On
14 41 (0.64%) Prometheus
15 36 (0.56%) logstash
16 34 (0.53%) Control-M
17 28 (0.43%) HAProxy
18 27 (0.42%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
19 26 (0.40%) rkt
20 22 (0.34%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 1,081 (16.77%) Microsoft
2 1,038 (16.11%) Oracle
3 368 (5.71%) Tableau
4 270 (4.19%) Google
5 178 (2.76%) VMware
6 162 (2.51%) SAP
7 136 (2.11%) IBM
8 120 (1.86%) Salesforce.com
9 92 (1.43%) Cloudera
9 92 (1.43%) Splunk
10 90 (1.40%) Informatica
11 79 (1.23%) Sybase
12 72 (1.12%) Red Hat
13 71 (1.10%) Citrix
14 68 (1.06%) Alteryx
15 64 (0.99%) HP
16 63 (0.98%) Cisco
17 61 (0.95%) TIBCO
18 54 (0.84%) Bloomberg
19 53 (0.82%) Adobe