Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 6 6
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 3,345 3,006 5,663
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 14.37% 14.05% 13.74%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.24% 29.32% 28.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,360 2,230 4,236
10th Percentile £350 £356 £340
25th Percentile £425 £415 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £688 £651
England median daily rate £495 £473 £450
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 21 29
10th Percentile £21.60 £18.25 £18.77
25th Percentile £29.73 £23.50 £20.38
Median hourly rate £43.75 £27.50 £24.50
Median % change year-on-year +59.09% +12.24% -7.71%
75th Percentile £58.44 £35.51 £37.50
90th Percentile £65.30 £40.00 £49.40
England median hourly rate £26.25 £24.00 £25.30
% change year-on-year +9.38% -5.12% +1.18%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 11,063 10,251 19,669
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.54% 47.91% 47.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,267 7,676 14,959
10th Percentile £363 £365 £363
25th Percentile £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £638 £619 £613
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
England median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 65 80 112
10th Percentile £20.99 £18.66 £18.19
25th Percentile £30.50 £26.93 £21.11
Median hourly rate £45.00 £47.83 £36.00
Median % change year-on-year -5.92% +32.86% -7.10%
75th Percentile £63.75 £61.06 £47.83
90th Percentile £68.00 £65.93 £53.75
England median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £44.00
% change year-on-year -1.16% -2.27% +10.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 415 £550 +12.82% 288
West London -1 59 £535 +18.89% 88
South London +3 47 £450 -5.76% 20
East London -8 9 £514 +14.22% 94
North London -4 5 £310 -22.50% 6
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,168 (34.92%) Agile Software Development
2 1,033 (30.88%) Python
3 1,008 (30.13%) Finance
4 946 (28.28%) Azure
5 677 (20.24%) Java
6 666 (19.91%) Social Skills
7 648 (19.37%) Oracle
8 630 (18.83%) DevOps
9 601 (17.97%) SQL Server
10 594 (17.76%) .NET
11 576 (17.22%) C#
12 571 (17.07%) Analytics
13 564 (16.86%) AWS
14 548 (16.38%) Banking
15 533 (15.93%) Business Intelligence
16 446 (13.33%) JavaScript
17 445 (13.30%) Microsoft
18 420 (12.56%) Data Warehouse
19 398 (11.90%) Data Modelling
20 396 (11.84%) Analytical Skills
21 389 (11.63%) ETL
22 349 (10.43%) Git (software)
23 348 (10.40%) Problem-Solving
24 338 (10.10%) TDD
25 336 (10.04%) Microservices
26 334 (9.99%) Scrum
26 334 (9.99%) Power Platform
27 331 (9.90%) Front Office
28 317 (9.48%) Power BI
29 311 (9.30%) PL/SQL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 215 (6.43%) Apache Spark
2 127 (3.80%) Apache
3 80 (2.39%) Confluence
4 73 (2.18%) Apache Airflow
5 68 (2.03%) SAS
6 51 (1.52%) SharePoint
7 45 (1.35%) BizTalk Server
8 43 (1.29%) Oracle Coherence
9 41 (1.23%) IIS
10 35 (1.05%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 29 (0.87%) Tomcat
12 28 (0.84%) Jupyter
13 22 (0.66%) Elasticsearch
13 22 (0.66%) JBoss
14 18 (0.54%) WebSphere
15 15 (0.45%) nginx
15 15 (0.45%) NServiceBus
16 13 (0.39%) Oracle Workflow
16 13 (0.39%) WebLogic
17 11 (0.33%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 172 (5.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 56 (1.67%) Microsoft Office
3 38 (1.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 26 (0.78%) MS Visio
5 15 (0.45%) Spreadsheet
6 12 (0.36%) SPSS
7 10 (0.30%) Chatbot
8 8 (0.24%) Stata
9 5 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
10 3 (0.090%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.030%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.030%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.030%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 24 (0.72%) Oracle EBS
2 18 (0.54%) Markit EDM
3 17 (0.51%) ION MarketView
4 16 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
4 16 (0.48%) Summit
5 12 (0.36%) Eagle PACE
5 12 (0.36%) Oracle EBS R12
5 12 (0.36%) Oracle Payables
6 11 (0.33%) Oracle General Ledger
7 10 (0.30%) SunGard Martini
8 9 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
8 9 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
8 9 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 6 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
9 6 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 6 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 6 (0.18%) thinkFolio
10 5 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
11 4 (0.12%) Cerner Millennium
11 4 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
Cloud Services
1 946 (28.28%) Azure
2 564 (16.86%) AWS
3 334 (9.99%) Power Platform
4 217 (6.49%) Serverless
5 208 (6.22%) GCP
6 130 (3.89%) Azure Data Factory
7 123 (3.68%) AWS Lambda
8 117 (3.50%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 115 (3.44%) Azure Functions
10 99 (2.96%) PaaS
11 91 (2.72%) Amazon S3
12 85 (2.54%) Azure Logic Apps
13 80 (2.39%) Azure Storage
14 70 (2.09%) GitHub
15 69 (2.06%) Amazon EC2
16 59 (1.76%) IaaS
17 57 (1.70%) SaaS
18 52 (1.55%) Azure Synapse Analytics
19 50 (1.49%) Azure Service Bus
20 43 (1.29%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 53 (1.58%) Firewall
2 45 (1.35%) HTTP
3 28 (0.84%) DNS
4 23 (0.69%) TCP/IP
5 20 (0.60%) Multicast
6 18 (0.54%) SSL
7 16 (0.48%) Network Security
7 16 (0.48%) WAN
8 15 (0.45%) LAN
9 14 (0.42%) FTP
9 14 (0.42%) SAN
10 12 (0.36%) RTMP
11 11 (0.33%) DHCP
11 11 (0.33%) SMTP
12 9 (0.27%) Internet
13 8 (0.24%) Kerberos
14 7 (0.21%) HTTPS
14 7 (0.21%) SSH
14 7 (0.21%) VPN
14 7 (0.21%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 601 (17.97%) SQL Server
2 420 (12.56%) Data Warehouse
3 317 (9.48%) Power BI
4 271 (8.10%) NoSQL
5 266 (7.95%) Relational Database
6 255 (7.62%) Tableau
7 236 (7.06%) Azure SQL Database
8 218 (6.52%) Big Data
9 186 (5.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 160 (4.78%) PostgreSQL
11 144 (4.30%) MongoDB
12 129 (3.86%) Data Lake
13 125 (3.74%) Hadoop
14 112 (3.35%) Oracle Database
15 104 (3.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 100 (2.99%) MySQL
17 98 (2.93%) BigQuery
18 86 (2.57%) Amazon Redshift
19 82 (2.45%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 80 (2.39%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 349 (10.43%) Git (software)
2 263 (7.86%) Jenkins
3 237 (7.09%) JIRA
4 93 (2.78%) Visual Studio
5 80 (2.39%) TeamCity
6 79 (2.36%) Maven
7 63 (1.88%) Selenium
8 62 (1.85%) Cucumber
9 55 (1.64%) Subversion
10 52 (1.55%) Bitbucket
11 44 (1.32%) Octopus Deploy
12 39 (1.17%) JUnit
13 35 (1.05%) Artifactory
13 35 (1.05%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 34 (1.02%) SpecFlow
15 33 (0.99%) Gradle
15 33 (0.99%) Mockito
15 33 (0.99%) webpack
16 32 (0.96%) SonarQube
16 32 (0.96%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,008 (30.13%) Finance
2 666 (19.91%) Social Skills
3 548 (16.38%) Banking
4 396 (11.84%) Analytical Skills
5 331 (9.90%) Front Office
6 265 (7.92%) Investment Banking
7 133 (3.98%) Marketing
8 112 (3.35%) Public Sector
9 75 (2.24%) Retail
10 71 (2.12%) Presentation Skills
11 64 (1.91%) Back Office
12 40 (1.20%) Telecoms
13 34 (1.02%) Financial Institution
14 33 (0.99%) Influencing Skills
15 29 (0.87%) Organisational Skills
16 28 (0.84%) Legal
17 26 (0.78%) Games
18 25 (0.75%) Manufacturing
19 17 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
19 17 (0.51%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,252 (37.43%) Developer
2 648 (19.37%) Analyst
3 343 (10.25%) Data Engineer
4 235 (7.03%) Data Analyst
5 223 (6.67%) Java Developer
6 216 (6.46%) C# Developer
7 209 (6.25%) Architect
8 184 (5.50%) SQL Developer
9 181 (5.41%) Business Analyst
10 176 (5.26%) .NET Developer
11 168 (5.02%) Senior Developer
12 164 (4.90%) SQL Analyst
13 157 (4.69%) Consultant
14 139 (4.16%) Python Developer
15 117 (3.50%) Python Engineer
16 114 (3.41%) SQL Data Analyst
17 108 (3.23%) Azure Engineer
18 105 (3.14%) Full Stack Developer
19 87 (2.60%) Data Architect
20 84 (2.51%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 594 (17.76%) .NET
2 259 (7.74%) HTML
3 250 (7.47%) Spring
4 237 (7.09%) AngularJS
5 221 (6.61%) React
6 204 (6.10%) Web Services
7 202 (6.04%) REST
8 194 (5.80%) .NET Core
9 188 (5.62%) CSS
10 183 (5.47%) Kafka
11 177 (5.29%) Node.js
12 168 (5.02%) XML
13 141 (4.22%) RESTful
14 136 (4.07%) JSON
15 131 (3.92%) .NET Framework
16 129 (3.86%) Spring Boot
17 105 (3.14%) ASP.NET
18 104 (3.11%) HTML5
19 99 (2.96%) WPF
20 83 (2.48%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 178 (5.32%) Derivative
2 148 (4.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 147 (4.39%) Fixed Income
4 133 (3.98%) Data Structures
5 112 (3.35%) Equities
6 105 (3.14%) Hedge funds
7 95 (2.84%) Algorithms
8 90 (2.69%) Self-Motivation
9 89 (2.66%) Cloud Native
9 89 (2.66%) User Experience
10 86 (2.57%) Greenfield Project
11 84 (2.51%) Management Information System
12 69 (2.06%) Equity Derivative
13 62 (1.85%) Reference Data
14 50 (1.49%) Virtual Team
15 47 (1.41%) NHS
16 42 (1.26%) Market Risk
17 35 (1.05%) Credit Risk
17 35 (1.05%) Reinsurance
18 34 (1.02%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 273 (8.16%) Linux
2 253 (7.56%) Windows
3 174 (5.20%) Unix
4 56 (1.67%) Windows Server
5 42 (1.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 27 (0.81%) Windows Server 2012
7 25 (0.75%) Android
8 24 (0.72%) Windows Server 2016
9 21 (0.63%) Apple iOS
10 17 (0.51%) Solaris
11 15 (0.45%) Windows Server 2008
12 12 (0.36%) CentOS
12 12 (0.36%) Ubuntu
13 9 (0.27%) Windows 10
14 8 (0.24%) Windows Server 2019
15 6 (0.18%) Mac OS X
15 6 (0.18%) VMS
15 6 (0.18%) Windows 7
16 4 (0.12%) Windows Server 2003
17 3 (0.090%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,168 (34.92%) Agile Software Development
2 630 (18.83%) DevOps
3 571 (17.07%) Analytics
4 533 (15.93%) Business Intelligence
5 398 (11.90%) Data Modelling
6 389 (11.63%) ETL
7 348 (10.40%) Problem-Solving
8 338 (10.10%) TDD
9 336 (10.04%) Microservices
10 334 (9.99%) Scrum
11 296 (8.85%) Software Engineering
11 296 (8.85%) Test Automation
12 259 (7.74%) Migration
13 252 (7.53%) Visualisation
14 239 (7.14%) Data Analysis
15 214 (6.40%) SDLC
16 211 (6.31%) Data Science
17 207 (6.19%) Data Engineering
18 205 (6.13%) Continuous Integration
19 204 (6.10%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 1,033 (30.88%) Python
2 677 (20.24%) Java
3 576 (17.22%) C#
4 446 (13.33%) JavaScript
5 311 (9.30%) PL/SQL
6 275 (8.22%) T-SQL
7 188 (5.62%) PowerShell
8 170 (5.08%) C++
9 163 (4.87%) TypeScript
10 138 (4.13%) R
11 132 (3.95%) Scala
12 122 (3.65%) Java 8
13 81 (2.42%) Shell Script
14 75 (2.24%) C
14 75 (2.24%) Go
15 71 (2.12%) VBA
16 56 (1.67%) VB
17 53 (1.58%) Bash Shell
18 51 (1.52%) ES6
19 48 (1.43%) Perl
Qualifications
1 221 (6.61%) Degree
2 199 (5.95%) Security Cleared
3 146 (4.36%) SC Cleared
4 53 (1.58%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (0.96%) DV Cleared
6 21 (0.63%) ISEB
7 19 (0.57%) Master's Degree
8 18 (0.54%) AWS Certification
9 12 (0.36%) ISTQB
10 11 (0.33%) ITIL Certification
10 11 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
10 11 (0.33%) PhD
11 8 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
12 7 (0.21%) PMP
13 5 (0.15%) CCNA
13 5 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
13 5 (0.15%) DBS Check
13 5 (0.15%) PMI Certification
14 4 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
14 4 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 144 (4.30%) QA
2 127 (3.80%) Data Quality
3 31 (0.93%) GDPR
4 24 (0.72%) SLA
5 21 (0.63%) MiFID
6 10 (0.30%) IFRS
7 9 (0.27%) COREP
8 8 (0.24%) EMIR
8 8 (0.24%) PMO
9 7 (0.21%) FINREP
10 5 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
10 5 (0.15%) WCAG
11 4 (0.12%) IFRS 9
11 4 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 4 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 4 (0.12%) Solvency II
12 3 (0.090%) Basel III
12 3 (0.090%) CRD IV
12 3 (0.090%) GRC
12 3 (0.090%) HIPAA
System Software
1 255 (7.62%) Docker
2 87 (2.60%) Active Directory
3 33 (0.99%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (0.75%) HDFS
5 17 (0.51%) Platform Symphony
6 13 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (0.36%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
8 5 (0.15%) NFS
8 5 (0.15%) Terminal Server
9 4 (0.12%) ISA Server
9 4 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
9 4 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
10 3 (0.090%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.090%) Samba
10 3 (0.090%) vSphere
10 3 (0.090%) XenApp
10 3 (0.090%) XenDesktop
11 2 (0.060%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 273 (8.16%) Kubernetes
2 150 (4.48%) Terraform
3 88 (2.63%) Ansible
4 28 (0.84%) Grafana
5 24 (0.72%) Prometheus
6 23 (0.69%) Control-M
7 18 (0.54%) Puppet
7 18 (0.54%) SCCM
8 13 (0.39%) ITRS Geneos
9 11 (0.33%) Hadoop YARN
9 11 (0.33%) Opscode Chef
10 9 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
10 9 (0.27%) SCOM
11 8 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
11 8 (0.24%) Istio
11 8 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
12 6 (0.18%) Ambari
12 6 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
12 6 (0.18%) Mesos
12 6 (0.18%) Nagios
Vendors
1 648 (19.37%) Oracle
2 445 (13.30%) Microsoft
3 142 (4.25%) Databricks
4 138 (4.13%) Google
5 67 (2.00%) SAP
6 59 (1.76%) MuleSoft
7 56 (1.67%) Salesforce.com
8 54 (1.61%) VMware
9 50 (1.49%) Alteryx
9 50 (1.49%) IBM
10 48 (1.43%) Informatica
11 46 (1.38%) Red Hat
11 46 (1.38%) Splunk
12 36 (1.08%) Adobe
13 30 (0.90%) TIBCO
14 26 (0.78%) Bloomberg
15 24 (0.72%) ION Trading
16 23 (0.69%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
16 23 (0.69%) Sybase
17 22 (0.66%) Citrix