Period
to 27 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 27 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
27 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -4 0 +2
Contract jobs citing SQL 2,257 4,839 6,344
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 14.08% 13.74% 13.65%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.32% 29.26% 27.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,773 3,625 4,789
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £325 £350 £325
90th Percentile £700 £673 £669
England median daily rate £465 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +3.33% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 44 39
Median hourly rate £35.00 £37.35 £27.73
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.29% +34.69% +23.24%
10th Percentile £27.10 £21.19 £16.05
90th Percentile £51.75 £53.53 £49.70
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £29.50
% change year-on-year - +18.64% +8.94%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 7,970 16,538 23,335
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 49.71% 46.97% 50.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,514 12,404 17,831
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £344 £363 £363
90th Percentile £725 £690 £675
England median daily rate £488 £488 £475
% change year-on-year - +2.63% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 86 120 111
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +25.00% +10.77%
10th Percentile £25.00 £18.63 £18.00
90th Percentile £59.38 £65.25 £58.75
Median hourly rate £37.00 £43.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -14.94% +3.57% +5.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 27 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -4 329 £475 -5.00% 232
West London -2 54 £510 +13.33% 71
South London -3 53 £425 -5.56% 17
East London +16 14 £365 -21.99% 39
North London +9 11 £300 -27.27% 2
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 27 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 751 (33.27%) Finance
2 750 (33.23%) Python
3 719 (31.86%) Agile Software Development
4 648 (28.71%) Java
5 564 (24.99%) Azure
6 538 (23.84%) SQL Server
7 475 (21.05%) Banking
8 470 (20.82%) AWS
9 430 (19.05%) Oracle
10 376 (16.66%) DevOps
11 374 (16.57%) C#
12 356 (15.77%) Business Intelligence
13 354 (15.68%) .NET
14 343 (15.20%) JavaScript
15 310 (13.74%) Microsoft
16 288 (12.76%) Microservices
17 285 (12.63%) Analytics
18 284 (12.58%) Data Modelling
19 279 (12.36%) Web Services
20 261 (11.56%) Data Warehouse
21 257 (11.39%) Front Office
22 246 (10.90%) Kubernetes
23 241 (10.68%) Asset Management
23 241 (10.68%) Software Engineering
24 237 (10.50%) AngularJS
25 235 (10.41%) Linux
26 234 (10.37%) Docker
27 220 (9.75%) NoSQL
28 216 (9.57%) ETL
29 215 (9.53%) Serverless

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 117 (5.18%) Apache
2 113 (5.01%) Apache Spark
3 82 (3.63%) Confluence
4 66 (2.92%) SharePoint
5 51 (2.26%) Elasticsearch
6 39 (1.73%) SAS
7 32 (1.42%) Tomcat
8 23 (1.02%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 22 (0.97%) IIS
10 21 (0.93%) Apache Airflow
10 21 (0.93%) WebLogic
11 20 (0.89%) Oracle Workflow
12 13 (0.58%) CMS
12 13 (0.58%) nginx
13 12 (0.53%) WebSphere
14 11 (0.49%) MQSeries
14 11 (0.49%) Red Hat Fuse
14 11 (0.49%) WebSphere Application Server
15 10 (0.44%) JBoss
16 9 (0.40%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 132 (5.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 39 (1.73%) Microsoft Office
3 16 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 16 (0.71%) Spreadsheet
4 10 (0.44%) Chatbot
5 9 (0.40%) MS Visio
6 7 (0.31%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.27%) InfoPath
8 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.044%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 30 (1.33%) Markit EDM
2 26 (1.15%) Eagle PACE
3 25 (1.11%) Oracle EBS
4 12 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
4 12 (0.53%) Oracle EBS R12
5 11 (0.49%) SunGard Martini
6 10 (0.44%) Oracle Applications
7 8 (0.35%) Oracle ERP
7 8 (0.35%) thinkFolio
8 7 (0.31%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 6 (0.27%) HiPortfolio
9 6 (0.27%) Northgate Housing
9 6 (0.27%) Siebel CRM
9 6 (0.27%) Summit
10 4 (0.18%) Aligne
10 4 (0.18%) ContrOCC
10 4 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
10 4 (0.18%) Sage X3
10 4 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 4 (0.18%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 564 (24.99%) Azure
2 470 (20.82%) AWS
3 215 (9.53%) Serverless
4 211 (9.35%) Power Platform
5 183 (8.11%) GCP
6 173 (7.67%) AWS Lambda
7 118 (5.23%) Amazon S3
8 93 (4.12%) Amazon EC2
9 91 (4.03%) Azure Data Factory
10 62 (2.75%) Amazon ECS
11 58 (2.57%) Apigee
12 49 (2.17%) GitHub
13 45 (1.99%) PaaS
14 43 (1.91%) Logic Apps
15 41 (1.82%) Azure Active Directory
16 38 (1.68%) Azure Functions
17 33 (1.46%) Dynamics 365
18 29 (1.28%) IaaS
18 29 (1.28%) OpenShift
19 28 (1.24%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 32 (1.42%) DNS
2 31 (1.37%) Firewall
3 21 (0.93%) TCP/IP
4 19 (0.84%) HTTP
5 15 (0.66%) Internet
6 13 (0.58%) SNMP
7 12 (0.53%) Network Security
8 11 (0.49%) Multicast
8 11 (0.49%) Skype
8 11 (0.49%) VoIP
9 10 (0.44%) SSL
9 10 (0.44%) VPN
10 9 (0.40%) DHCP
10 9 (0.40%) FTP
10 9 (0.40%) SSH
11 8 (0.35%) Reverse Proxy
12 7 (0.31%) CTI
12 7 (0.31%) Kerberos
12 7 (0.31%) Softphone
13 5 (0.22%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 538 (23.84%) SQL Server
2 261 (11.56%) Data Warehouse
3 220 (9.75%) NoSQL
4 205 (9.08%) Power BI
5 174 (7.71%) MySQL
6 167 (7.40%) PostgreSQL
7 165 (7.31%) Big Data
8 160 (7.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 146 (6.47%) Relational Database
10 130 (5.76%) Azure SQL Database
11 112 (4.96%) MongoDB
11 112 (4.96%) Tableau
12 99 (4.39%) Oracle Database
13 98 (4.34%) Hadoop
14 95 (4.21%) Data Lake
15 89 (3.94%) Amazon Redshift
16 87 (3.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 80 (3.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 66 (2.92%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 56 (2.48%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 211 (9.35%) Jenkins
2 205 (9.08%) Git (software)
3 143 (6.34%) JIRA
4 110 (4.87%) GitLab
5 82 (3.63%) Artifactory
6 51 (2.26%) Cucumber
7 50 (2.22%) Subversion
8 48 (2.13%) Selenium
9 46 (2.04%) Maven
10 39 (1.73%) TeamCity
11 38 (1.68%) Visual Studio
12 29 (1.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 29 (1.28%) Team Foundation Server
13 27 (1.20%) JUnit
14 26 (1.15%) Bitbucket
15 21 (0.93%) Octopus Deploy
15 21 (0.93%) Sonatype Nexus
16 19 (0.84%) Oracle APEX
16 19 (0.84%) SonarQube
16 19 (0.84%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 751 (33.27%) Finance
2 475 (21.05%) Banking
3 257 (11.39%) Front Office
4 184 (8.15%) Investment Banking
5 99 (4.39%) Public Sector
6 81 (3.59%) Back Office
7 80 (3.54%) Marketing
8 56 (2.48%) Retail
9 27 (1.20%) Financial Institution
10 25 (1.11%) Telecoms
11 23 (1.02%) Games
11 23 (1.02%) Manufacturing
12 22 (0.97%) Advertising
12 22 (0.97%) Law
12 22 (0.97%) Local Government
13 21 (0.93%) Legal
14 20 (0.89%) Electronics
15 13 (0.58%) Multimedia
16 12 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
17 7 (0.31%) Billing
Job Titles
1 945 (41.87%) Developer
2 313 (13.87%) Analyst
3 195 (8.64%) Java Developer
4 174 (7.71%) Data Engineer
5 166 (7.35%) Architect
6 159 (7.04%) SQL Developer
7 154 (6.82%) Software Engineer
8 138 (6.11%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 122 (5.41%) Data Analyst
10 118 (5.23%) Python Developer
11 109 (4.83%) C# Developer
12 106 (4.70%) .NET Developer
13 101 (4.47%) Python Engineer
14 97 (4.30%) Business Analyst
15 92 (4.08%) AWS Engineer
15 92 (4.08%) Consultant
16 91 (4.03%) Java Engineer
17 77 (3.41%) AWS Developer
17 77 (3.41%) Senior Developer
18 72 (3.19%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 354 (15.68%) .NET
2 279 (12.36%) Web Services
3 237 (10.50%) AngularJS
4 211 (9.35%) React
5 162 (7.18%) HTML
5 162 (7.18%) Spring
6 133 (5.89%) REST
7 126 (5.58%) Node.js
8 113 (5.01%) Kafka
8 113 (5.01%) XML
9 104 (4.61%) CSS
10 91 (4.03%) .NET Framework
11 90 (3.99%) ASP.NET
12 87 (3.85%) .NET Core
13 86 (3.81%) Vue.js
14 84 (3.72%) gRPC
15 75 (3.32%) Spring Boot
16 71 (3.15%) JSON
17 65 (2.88%) RESTful
18 61 (2.70%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 205 (9.08%) Analytical Skills
2 192 (8.51%) Fixed Income
3 178 (7.89%) Hedge funds
4 171 (7.58%) Derivative
5 146 (6.47%) Equities
6 133 (5.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 111 (4.92%) Greenfield Project
8 60 (2.66%) User Experience
9 54 (2.39%) Data Structures
10 48 (2.13%) Reference Data
11 46 (2.04%) Management Information System
12 45 (1.99%) Linux Command Line
13 42 (1.86%) Cloud Native
14 40 (1.77%) Public Cloud
15 36 (1.60%) Virtual Team
16 34 (1.51%) Self-Motivation
17 27 (1.20%) Algorithms
18 26 (1.15%) Data Centre
19 22 (0.97%) Equity Derivative
20 21 (0.93%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 235 (10.41%) Linux
2 206 (9.13%) Windows
3 144 (6.38%) Unix
4 46 (2.04%) Windows Server
5 21 (0.93%) Android
6 18 (0.80%) Apple iOS
6 18 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 14 (0.62%) Windows 10
7 14 (0.62%) Windows Server 2012
8 13 (0.58%) Solaris
8 13 (0.58%) Ubuntu
9 11 (0.49%) AIX
9 11 (0.49%) Windows Server 2008
10 10 (0.44%) Windows 7
10 10 (0.44%) Windows Server 2016
11 9 (0.40%) CentOS
11 9 (0.40%) Debian
11 9 (0.40%) VMS
12 8 (0.35%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.089%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 719 (31.86%) Agile Software Development
2 376 (16.66%) DevOps
3 356 (15.77%) Business Intelligence
4 288 (12.76%) Microservices
5 285 (12.63%) Analytics
6 284 (12.58%) Data Modelling
7 241 (10.68%) Asset Management
7 241 (10.68%) Software Engineering
8 216 (9.57%) ETL
9 202 (8.95%) Problem-Solving
10 195 (8.64%) Scrum
11 172 (7.62%) Test Automation
12 171 (7.58%) Migration
13 170 (7.53%) TDD
14 165 (7.31%) Data Science
15 162 (7.18%) Investment Management
16 144 (6.38%) Data Analysis
16 144 (6.38%) Visualisation
17 132 (5.85%) BDD
18 108 (4.79%) Data Management
Programming Languages
1 750 (33.23%) Python
2 648 (28.71%) Java
3 374 (16.57%) C#
4 343 (15.20%) JavaScript
5 156 (6.91%) T-SQL
6 149 (6.60%) PL/SQL
7 145 (6.42%) PowerShell
8 116 (5.14%) TypeScript
9 112 (4.96%) C++
10 111 (4.92%) Kotlin
11 107 (4.74%) R
12 91 (4.03%) Scala
13 72 (3.19%) VBA
14 65 (2.88%) Shell Script
15 62 (2.75%) Java 8
16 57 (2.53%) Bash Shell
17 54 (2.39%) Perl
18 44 (1.95%) Ruby
19 40 (1.77%) Go
20 32 (1.42%) PHP
Qualifications
1 197 (8.73%) Security Cleared
2 149 (6.60%) SC Cleared
3 125 (5.54%) Degree
4 51 (2.26%) DV Cleared
5 49 (2.17%) Computer Science Degree
6 30 (1.33%) Master's Degree
7 20 (0.89%) Sun Certification
8 15 (0.66%) PhD
9 14 (0.62%) ISEB
9 14 (0.62%) Microsoft Certification
10 12 (0.53%) AWS Certification
11 11 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
12 8 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
12 8 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
12 8 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
13 6 (0.27%) ISTQB
13 6 (0.27%) MCSE
14 5 (0.22%) ACCA
14 5 (0.22%) CISSP
15 4 (0.18%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (4.12%) QA
2 85 (3.77%) Data Quality
3 24 (1.06%) GDPR
4 11 (0.49%) MiFID
5 9 (0.40%) COREP
6 8 (0.35%) SLA
7 7 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 7 (0.31%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.22%) EMIR
8 5 (0.22%) FINREP
8 5 (0.22%) ISO 9001
8 5 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 4 (0.18%) IFRS
9 4 (0.18%) NIST
9 4 (0.18%) PMO
9 4 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.13%) COBIT
10 3 (0.13%) GxP
10 3 (0.13%) ISO 20022
10 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 234 (10.37%) Docker
2 76 (3.37%) Active Directory
3 29 (1.28%) HDFS
4 21 (0.93%) VMware Infrastructure
5 14 (0.62%) Oracle RAC
6 12 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
7 8 (0.35%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (0.18%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
9 4 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.18%) Terminal Server
9 4 (0.18%) vSphere
10 3 (0.13%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.13%) GridGain
10 3 (0.13%) Xen
11 2 (0.089%) KVM
11 2 (0.089%) LXC
11 2 (0.089%) UAG
11 2 (0.089%) Varnish
11 2 (0.089%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 246 (10.90%) Kubernetes
2 67 (2.97%) Terraform
3 49 (2.17%) Ansible
4 27 (1.20%) Kibana
5 25 (1.11%) Nagios
5 25 (1.11%) Puppet
6 18 (0.80%) logstash
7 15 (0.66%) HP Quality Center
7 15 (0.66%) Prometheus
7 15 (0.66%) SCCM
8 13 (0.58%) Netcool
8 13 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
9 12 (0.53%) Data Guard
10 11 (0.49%) Control-M
10 11 (0.49%) Grafana
11 9 (0.40%) Oracle RMAN
12 8 (0.35%) Tivoli
13 7 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
14 6 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
15 5 (0.22%) Salt
Vendors
1 430 (19.05%) Oracle
2 310 (13.74%) Microsoft
3 129 (5.72%) Google
4 87 (3.85%) Databricks
5 61 (2.70%) SAP
6 52 (2.30%) Sybase
7 49 (2.17%) Bloomberg
8 44 (1.95%) Informatica
9 37 (1.64%) Salesforce.com
10 35 (1.55%) Cloudera
11 32 (1.42%) Splunk
12 28 (1.24%) Reuters
13 27 (1.20%) Atlassian
14 26 (1.15%) FactSet
15 25 (1.11%) MuleSoft
15 25 (1.11%) VMware
16 24 (1.06%) HP
16 24 (1.06%) IBM
17 23 (1.02%) Talend
18 20 (0.89%) Alteryx