Period
to 17 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 17 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
17 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 7 6
Rank change year-on-year +2 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 6,399 6,675 5,820
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 13.68% 14.14% 13.18%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.09% 29.20% 29.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,771 4,868 4,165
London median daily rate £500 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £325 £313 £306
90th Percentile £653 £647 £620
England median daily rate £450 £438 £400
% change year-on-year +2.86% +9.38% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 63 44
London median hourly rate £27.62 £22.50 £29.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.73% -24.62% +46.42%
10th Percentile £18.41 £16.05 £16.58
90th Percentile £57.50 £58.75 £57.31
England median hourly rate £27.73 £26.78 £31.50
% change year-on-year +3.57% -15.00% +14.55%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,622 22,857 19,814
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 50.48% 48.41% 44.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,011 17,433 14,764
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £636
England median daily rate £475 £465 £425
% change year-on-year +2.15% +9.41% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 119 145 118
London median hourly rate £36.00 £30.00 £34.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% -11.76% +36.00%
10th Percentile £18.68 £17.97 £16.09
90th Percentile £55.87 £54.00 £56.87
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £39.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.27% +5.33%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 17 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 1,337 £500 - 489
West London +2 242 £425 - 239
South London +3 220 £475 +18.75% 50
East London 0 195 £484 -3.20% 89
North London -7 26 £450 +28.57% 18
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 17 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,024 (31.63%) Agile Software Development
2 1,863 (29.11%) Finance
3 1,736 (27.13%) SQL Server
4 1,484 (23.19%) C#
5 1,308 (20.44%) .NET
6 1,306 (20.41%) Java
7 1,185 (18.52%) Python
8 1,072 (16.75%) Microsoft Azure
9 1,068 (16.69%) Microsoft
10 1,041 (16.27%) Oracle
11 1,033 (16.14%) Business Intelligence
12 969 (15.14%) Banking
13 908 (14.19%) JavaScript
14 817 (12.77%) Analytics
15 779 (12.17%) Data Warehouse
16 778 (12.16%) ETL
17 757 (11.83%) Amazon AWS
18 749 (11.70%) Linux
18 749 (11.70%) TDD
19 726 (11.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 714 (11.16%) T-SQL
21 677 (10.58%) Analytical Skills
22 663 (10.36%) Test Automation
23 657 (10.27%) Git (software)
24 644 (10.06%) Scrum
25 633 (9.89%) Windows
26 597 (9.33%) Unix
27 592 (9.25%) DevOps
28 578 (9.03%) NoSQL
29 567 (8.86%) Front Office

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 316 (4.94%) Apache Spark
2 195 (3.05%) Apache
3 177 (2.77%) IIS
4 153 (2.39%) SAS
5 142 (2.22%) Confluence
6 141 (2.20%) Elasticsearch
7 137 (2.14%) SharePoint
8 110 (1.72%) Tomcat
9 65 (1.02%) CMS
10 60 (0.94%) MS Exchange
11 54 (0.84%) WebLogic
12 51 (0.80%) WebSphere
13 47 (0.73%) nginx
14 42 (0.66%) JBoss
15 38 (0.59%) NServiceBus
16 37 (0.58%) Mule
17 36 (0.56%) Oracle Workflow
18 31 (0.48%) Apache Solr
19 28 (0.44%) BizTalk Server
19 28 (0.44%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 530 (8.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 104 (1.63%) Microsoft Office
3 93 (1.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 77 (1.20%) MS Visio
5 48 (0.75%) Microsoft Project
6 42 (0.66%) Spreadsheet
7 11 (0.17%) SPSS
8 10 (0.16%) Photoshop
9 6 (0.094%) Adobe Illustrator
9 6 (0.094%) Chatbot
10 3 (0.047%) Acrobat
10 3 (0.047%) Mathematica
10 3 (0.047%) Stata
11 2 (0.031%) GNU Octave
12 1 (0.016%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 1 (0.016%) InVision
12 1 (0.016%) LaTeX
12 1 (0.016%) Mingle
12 1 (0.016%) Weka
Business Applications
1 73 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 52 (0.81%) Markit EDM
3 38 (0.59%) Oracle EBS
4 36 (0.56%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 32 (0.50%) Dynamics AX
6 30 (0.47%) Oracle EBS R12
7 29 (0.45%) Maximo
8 25 (0.39%) thinkFolio
9 22 (0.34%) Oracle Payables
9 22 (0.34%) Oracle Retail
10 17 (0.27%) Dynamics NAV
10 17 (0.27%) Oracle Cash Management
11 16 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
12 15 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
13 14 (0.22%) Bloomberg AIM
13 14 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
14 13 (0.20%) ION MarketView
14 13 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
15 12 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
15 12 (0.19%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 1,072 (16.75%) Microsoft Azure
2 757 (11.83%) Amazon AWS
3 256 (4.00%) Google Cloud Platform
4 167 (2.61%) PaaS
5 143 (2.23%) GitHub
6 139 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
7 137 (2.14%) Amazon S3
8 126 (1.97%) Azure Data Factory
9 110 (1.72%) Office 365
10 105 (1.64%) IaaS
11 94 (1.47%) Azure Active Directory
12 88 (1.38%) Serverless
13 85 (1.33%) SaaS
14 66 (1.03%) Amazon EMR
14 66 (1.03%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 61 (0.95%) Google Analytics
16 60 (0.94%) Cloud Computing
17 57 (0.89%) Dynamics 365
18 38 (0.59%) npm
19 34 (0.53%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 88 (1.38%) Firewall
2 79 (1.23%) HTTP
3 75 (1.17%) DNS
4 60 (0.94%) SSL
5 55 (0.86%) Internet
6 51 (0.80%) AMQP
7 50 (0.78%) TCP/IP
8 45 (0.70%) VPN
9 42 (0.66%) SAN
10 41 (0.64%) WAN
11 38 (0.59%) LAN
12 33 (0.52%) Kerberos
13 25 (0.39%) Skype
14 24 (0.38%) DHCP
14 24 (0.38%) Intranet
15 16 (0.25%) Cisco ASA
15 16 (0.25%) FTP
16 15 (0.23%) FCoE
17 12 (0.19%) NAS
17 12 (0.19%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,736 (27.13%) SQL Server
2 779 (12.17%) Data Warehouse
3 726 (11.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 578 (9.03%) NoSQL
5 521 (8.14%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 501 (7.83%) Relational Database
7 495 (7.74%) Power BI
8 465 (7.27%) Big Data
9 399 (6.24%) Hadoop
10 366 (5.72%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 282 (4.41%) MongoDB
12 267 (4.17%) Azure SQL Database
13 265 (4.14%) PostgreSQL
14 245 (3.83%) MySQL
15 238 (3.72%) Oracle Database
16 205 (3.20%) Apache Hive
17 186 (2.91%) RDBMS
18 166 (2.59%) Data Lake
19 130 (2.03%) SQL Server 2008
20 129 (2.02%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 657 (10.27%) Git (software)
2 502 (7.84%) JIRA
3 484 (7.56%) Jenkins
4 258 (4.03%) Selenium
5 237 (3.70%) TeamCity
6 215 (3.36%) Team Foundation Server
7 199 (3.11%) Subversion
8 196 (3.06%) Maven
9 175 (2.73%) Cucumber
10 171 (2.67%) Visual Studio
11 159 (2.48%) Visual Studio Team System
12 135 (2.11%) JUnit
13 107 (1.67%) SpecFlow
14 93 (1.45%) Bitbucket
15 77 (1.20%) Octopus Deploy
16 71 (1.11%) Gradle
17 70 (1.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 69 (1.08%) SoapUI
19 68 (1.06%) Eclipse
20 61 (0.95%) Artifactory
General
1 1,863 (29.11%) Finance
2 969 (15.14%) Banking
3 567 (8.86%) Front Office
4 364 (5.69%) Investment Banking
5 298 (4.66%) Retail
6 220 (3.44%) Marketing
7 106 (1.66%) Back Office
8 93 (1.45%) Financial Institution
8 93 (1.45%) Legal
9 74 (1.16%) Advertising
10 58 (0.91%) Publishing
11 55 (0.86%) Law
12 52 (0.81%) Games
13 49 (0.77%) Telecoms
14 38 (0.59%) General Ledger
15 34 (0.53%) Manufacturing
16 26 (0.41%) Billing
17 25 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
18 23 (0.36%) Retail Banking
19 17 (0.27%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 3,153 (49.27%) Developer
2 980 (15.31%) Analyst
3 659 (10.30%) C# Developer
4 567 (8.86%) SQL Developer
5 511 (7.99%) .NET Developer
6 487 (7.61%) Java Developer
7 350 (5.47%) Senior Developer
8 303 (4.74%) Architect
9 288 (4.50%) Data Engineer
10 262 (4.09%) Business Intelligence Developer
11 255 (3.98%) Consultant
12 254 (3.97%) Data Analyst
13 229 (3.58%) C# .NET Developer
14 215 (3.36%) Full Stack Developer
15 213 (3.33%) Python Developer
16 211 (3.30%) Business Analyst
17 210 (3.28%) SQL Analyst
18 146 (2.28%) Azure Developer
19 142 (2.22%) Support Analyst
20 140 (2.19%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,308 (20.44%) .NET
2 550 (8.60%) AngularJS
3 543 (8.49%) HTML
4 461 (7.20%) Web Services
5 445 (6.95%) CSS
6 428 (6.69%) XML
7 419 (6.55%) ASP.NET
8 401 (6.27%) Spring
9 382 (5.97%) REST
10 316 (4.94%) React
11 307 (4.80%) .NET Framework
12 276 (4.31%) JSON
13 268 (4.19%) WCF
14 261 (4.08%) ASP.NET Web API
15 238 (3.72%) WPF
16 237 (3.70%) Node.js
17 235 (3.67%) RESTful
18 234 (3.66%) Kafka
19 199 (3.11%) ASP.NET MVC
20 185 (2.89%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 677 (10.58%) Analytical Skills
2 406 (6.34%) Greenfield Project
3 344 (5.38%) Fixed Income
4 235 (3.67%) Fintech
5 216 (3.38%) Algorithms
6 202 (3.16%) Derivative
7 191 (2.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 156 (2.44%) Data Structures
9 149 (2.33%) Equities
10 138 (2.16%) Enterprise Software
11 129 (2.02%) Hedge funds
12 125 (1.95%) User Experience
13 107 (1.67%) Self-Motivation
14 77 (1.20%) Credit Risk
14 77 (1.20%) Management Information System
15 68 (1.06%) Clustering
16 67 (1.05%) Mobile App
17 63 (0.98%) Market Risk
18 61 (0.95%) Replication
19 59 (0.92%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 749 (11.70%) Linux
2 633 (9.89%) Windows
3 597 (9.33%) Unix
4 230 (3.59%) Windows Server
5 81 (1.27%) Windows Server 2012
6 76 (1.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 69 (1.08%) Windows Server 2008
8 58 (0.91%) Apple iOS
9 47 (0.73%) Android
10 45 (0.70%) Windows 10
10 45 (0.70%) Windows 7
11 43 (0.67%) Solaris
12 41 (0.64%) Ubuntu
13 27 (0.42%) Windows Server 2003
14 24 (0.38%) CoreOS
15 15 (0.23%) CentOS
16 12 (0.19%) AIX
17 10 (0.16%) SUSE
18 9 (0.14%) Mac OS
18 9 (0.14%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,024 (31.63%) Agile Software Development
2 1,033 (16.14%) Business Intelligence
3 817 (12.77%) Analytics
4 778 (12.16%) ETL
5 749 (11.70%) TDD
6 663 (10.36%) Test Automation
7 644 (10.06%) Scrum
8 592 (9.25%) DevOps
9 549 (8.58%) Continuous Integration
10 529 (8.27%) Data Modelling
11 496 (7.75%) Problem-Solving
12 492 (7.69%) Microservices
13 465 (7.27%) BDD
14 442 (6.91%) MVC
15 397 (6.20%) Data Analysis
16 393 (6.14%) Migration
17 389 (6.08%) SDLC
18 357 (5.58%) Visualisation
19 335 (5.24%) Data Science
19 335 (5.24%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,484 (23.19%) C#
2 1,306 (20.41%) Java
3 1,185 (18.52%) Python
4 908 (14.19%) JavaScript
5 714 (11.16%) T-SQL
6 415 (6.49%) PL/SQL
7 399 (6.24%) PowerShell
8 251 (3.92%) R
9 236 (3.69%) Scala
10 233 (3.64%) VBA
11 221 (3.45%) C++
12 203 (3.17%) Shell Script
13 179 (2.80%) Java 8
14 171 (2.67%) Bash Shell
15 166 (2.59%) Perl
16 143 (2.23%) PHP
17 119 (1.86%) TypeScript
18 118 (1.84%) Ruby
19 104 (1.63%) C
20 98 (1.53%) VB
Qualifications
1 442 (6.91%) Degree
2 257 (4.02%) Security Cleared
3 198 (3.09%) SC Cleared
4 100 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
5 62 (0.97%) Master's Degree
6 53 (0.83%) PhD
7 49 (0.77%) Microsoft Certification
8 47 (0.73%) ISTQB
9 32 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
10 30 (0.47%) ISEB
11 23 (0.36%) MCSE
12 21 (0.33%) DV Cleared
13 20 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 16 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
15 15 (0.23%) Novell Certification
16 13 (0.20%) CTC Cleared
17 12 (0.19%) MCSA
18 11 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
18 11 (0.17%) PMI Certification
19 10 (0.16%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 334 (5.22%) QA
2 214 (3.34%) Data Quality
3 47 (0.73%) GDPR
4 33 (0.52%) SLA
5 21 (0.33%) MiFID
6 19 (0.30%) Basel III
7 14 (0.22%) EMIR
8 11 (0.17%) PMO
9 10 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
10 8 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
10 8 (0.13%) IFRS
11 5 (0.078%) HL7
11 5 (0.078%) IFRS 9
11 5 (0.078%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 4 (0.063%) COREP
12 4 (0.063%) FINREP
12 4 (0.063%) Solvency II
12 4 (0.063%) WCAG
13 3 (0.047%) Actionable Recommendations
13 3 (0.047%) PSD2
System Software
1 368 (5.75%) Docker
2 241 (3.77%) Active Directory
3 94 (1.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 66 (1.03%) HDFS
5 52 (0.81%) Hyper-V
6 49 (0.77%) Virtual Machines
7 36 (0.56%) vSphere
8 31 (0.48%) Apache Flume
9 27 (0.42%) Oracle RAC
10 25 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
11 21 (0.33%) etcd
11 21 (0.33%) flannel
11 21 (0.33%) SkyDNS
12 20 (0.31%) Ceph
12 20 (0.31%) GlusterFS
12 20 (0.31%) XenApp
13 13 (0.20%) BitLocker
14 11 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
15 9 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 8 (0.13%) IAG
Systems Management
1 208 (3.25%) Kubernetes
2 196 (3.06%) Ansible
3 143 (2.23%) Puppet
4 141 (2.20%) Opscode Chef
5 100 (1.56%) SCCM
5 100 (1.56%) Terraform
6 67 (1.05%) Hadoop YARN
7 52 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
8 49 (0.77%) SCOM
9 46 (0.72%) Kibana
10 43 (0.67%) Prometheus
11 42 (0.66%) Oozie
12 38 (0.59%) Microsoft Clustering
13 34 (0.53%) Control-M
13 34 (0.53%) logstash
14 33 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
15 30 (0.47%) HAProxy
15 30 (0.47%) rkt
16 27 (0.42%) Graphite
17 26 (0.41%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 1,068 (16.69%) Microsoft
2 1,041 (16.27%) Oracle
3 409 (6.39%) Tableau
4 302 (4.72%) Google
5 154 (2.41%) VMware
6 152 (2.38%) SAP
7 130 (2.03%) IBM
8 118 (1.84%) Salesforce.com
9 107 (1.67%) Informatica
10 92 (1.44%) Cloudera
11 79 (1.23%) Sybase
12 78 (1.22%) Splunk
13 76 (1.19%) Alteryx
14 67 (1.05%) Cisco
15 66 (1.03%) Citrix
15 66 (1.03%) ServiceNow
16 64 (1.00%) Red Hat
17 62 (0.97%) Bloomberg
18 59 (0.92%) HP
19 55 (0.86%) Talend