Period
to 27 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 27 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
27 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 6 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 6,421 5,525 6,073
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 14.08% 13.90% 14.00%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.97% 29.96% 32.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,729 3,953 4,477
London median daily rate £480 £456 £444
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.38% +2.59% +1.49%
10th Percentile £313 £308 £294
90th Percentile £638 £638 £625
England median daily rate £440 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.13% +3.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 62 53 35
London median hourly rate £26.69 £37.02 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -27.92% +13.91% +46.53%
10th Percentile £17.28 £17.10 £16.46
90th Percentile £48.75 £49.84 £50.00
England median hourly rate £26.60 £40.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year -33.51% +23.08% +30.00%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,167 18,440 18,644
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 48.62% 46.39% 42.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,899 13,722 14,033
London median daily rate £500 £485 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% -
10th Percentile £356 £325 £306
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £475 £448 £425
% change year-on-year +6.15% +5.29% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 206 130 106
London median hourly rate £42.02 £42.50 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.14% +41.67% +4.35%
10th Percentile £17.85 £17.73 £14.31
90th Percentile £57.94 £54.54 £54.38
England median hourly rate £41.00 £41.50 £38.75
% change year-on-year -1.20% +7.10% +10.71%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 27 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 27 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 1,349 £496 +4.42% 503
West London -3 276 £400 +4.92% 237
South London -8 185 £400 +3.23% 42
East London +2 161 £450 -10.00% 91
North London +2 26 £375 -9.09% 20
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 27 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,019 (31.44%) Finance
2 1,860 (28.97%) Agile Software Development
3 1,805 (28.11%) SQL Server
4 1,579 (24.59%) C#
5 1,380 (21.49%) .NET
6 1,353 (21.07%) Java
7 1,112 (17.32%) Microsoft
8 1,080 (16.82%) Python
9 1,002 (15.61%) Banking
10 990 (15.42%) Oracle
11 968 (15.08%) JavaScript
12 909 (14.16%) Business Intelligence
13 815 (12.69%) Analytics
14 784 (12.21%) ETL
15 765 (11.91%) Linux
16 754 (11.74%) Data Warehouse
17 747 (11.63%) TDD
18 728 (11.34%) Analytical Skills
19 711 (11.07%) Microsoft Azure
20 700 (10.90%) Windows
21 694 (10.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
22 682 (10.62%) Problem-Solving
23 668 (10.40%) T-SQL
24 665 (10.36%) Amazon AWS
25 597 (9.30%) HTML
26 589 (9.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
27 559 (8.71%) Test Automation
28 552 (8.60%) Big Data
29 550 (8.57%) AngularJS
30 546 (8.50%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 401 (6.25%) Apache Spark
2 196 (3.05%) Elasticsearch
3 178 (2.77%) Apache
4 169 (2.63%) SharePoint
5 165 (2.57%) SAS
6 132 (2.06%) IIS
7 116 (1.81%) Tomcat
8 113 (1.76%) WebSphere
9 101 (1.57%) Confluence
10 69 (1.07%) CMS
11 57 (0.89%) JBoss
12 48 (0.75%) Apache Pig
13 37 (0.58%) NServiceBus
14 35 (0.55%) Apache Airflow
15 33 (0.51%) Oracle Workflow
16 32 (0.50%) Apache Solr
17 30 (0.47%) nginx
18 28 (0.44%) MS Exchange
18 28 (0.44%) WebLogic
19 27 (0.42%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 514 (8.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 138 (2.15%) Microsoft Office
3 85 (1.32%) MS Visio
4 78 (1.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 42 (0.65%) Spreadsheet
6 36 (0.56%) SPSS
7 25 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
8 17 (0.26%) Photoshop
8 17 (0.26%) Stata
9 5 (0.078%) Chatbot
10 3 (0.047%) Acrobat
10 3 (0.047%) InfoPath
11 2 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.031%) InVision
12 1 (0.016%) Autodesk Inventor
12 1 (0.016%) HipChat
12 1 (0.016%) OmniGraffle
12 1 (0.016%) ProjectWise
12 1 (0.016%) Shockwave
12 1 (0.016%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 81 (1.26%) Dynamics CRM
2 62 (0.97%) Markit EDM
3 46 (0.72%) Dynamics AX
4 44 (0.69%) Oracle EBS
5 35 (0.55%) Oracle EBS R12
6 33 (0.51%) thinkFolio
7 29 (0.45%) Oracle Receivables
8 25 (0.39%) Oracle Payables
9 22 (0.34%) Oracle General Ledger
9 22 (0.34%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 20 (0.31%) NetSuite
10 20 (0.31%) Oracle Financials
11 19 (0.30%) Oracle Assets
11 19 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
11 19 (0.30%) Unit4 Business World
12 18 (0.28%) Eagle PACE
12 18 (0.28%) Oracle iProcurement
13 17 (0.26%) Dynamics NAV
14 16 (0.25%) Elite 3E
15 14 (0.22%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 711 (11.07%) Microsoft Azure
2 665 (10.36%) Amazon AWS
3 119 (1.85%) Google Cloud Platform
4 110 (1.71%) Cloud Computing
5 88 (1.37%) Amazon S3
6 80 (1.25%) Google Analytics
7 78 (1.21%) GitHub
8 73 (1.14%) PaaS
9 72 (1.12%) Serverless
10 68 (1.06%) Office 365
11 61 (0.95%) SaaS
12 60 (0.93%) Amazon EC2
13 50 (0.78%) Azure Data Factory
14 49 (0.76%) Dynamics 365
15 39 (0.61%) IaaS
16 34 (0.53%) Adobe Analytics
17 28 (0.44%) AWS Lambda
17 28 (0.44%) npm
18 25 (0.39%) Amazon EMR
19 21 (0.33%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 105 (1.64%) HTTP
2 91 (1.42%) Firewall
3 83 (1.29%) Internet
4 70 (1.09%) DNS
5 61 (0.95%) TCP/IP
6 53 (0.83%) SMS
7 49 (0.76%) SAN
8 47 (0.73%) VPN
9 39 (0.61%) LAN
10 36 (0.56%) WAN
11 33 (0.51%) FTP
12 30 (0.47%) DHCP
12 30 (0.47%) Intranet
12 30 (0.47%) Kerberos
13 23 (0.36%) Skype
14 22 (0.34%) SSL
15 21 (0.33%) DMARC
16 19 (0.30%) SSH
17 18 (0.28%) DKIM
18 13 (0.20%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,805 (28.11%) SQL Server
2 754 (11.74%) Data Warehouse
3 694 (10.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 589 (9.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 552 (8.60%) Big Data
6 523 (8.15%) Relational Database
7 501 (7.80%) NoSQL
8 462 (7.20%) Hadoop
9 382 (5.95%) Power BI
10 368 (5.73%) MySQL
11 337 (5.25%) PostgreSQL
12 326 (5.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 274 (4.27%) MongoDB
14 254 (3.96%) Oracle Database
15 239 (3.72%) Apache Hive
16 202 (3.15%) SQL Server 2012
17 161 (2.51%) SQL Server 2016
18 153 (2.38%) Data Lake
19 149 (2.32%) Amazon Redshift
20 137 (2.13%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 488 (7.60%) Git (software)
2 346 (5.39%) Jenkins
3 314 (4.89%) JIRA
4 250 (3.89%) Selenium
5 247 (3.85%) Team Foundation Server
6 244 (3.80%) Visual Studio
7 180 (2.80%) TeamCity
8 173 (2.69%) Maven
9 165 (2.57%) Cucumber
10 153 (2.38%) Subversion
11 130 (2.02%) JUnit
12 125 (1.95%) NUnit
13 111 (1.73%) Visual Studio Team System
14 89 (1.39%) SpecFlow
15 78 (1.21%) Gradle
16 72 (1.12%) WebDriver
17 65 (1.01%) Octopus Deploy
18 61 (0.95%) Mockito
19 43 (0.67%) Eclipse
20 42 (0.65%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 2,019 (31.44%) Finance
2 1,002 (15.61%) Banking
3 466 (7.26%) Front Office
4 380 (5.92%) Investment Banking
5 209 (3.25%) Retail
6 194 (3.02%) Marketing
7 128 (1.99%) Legal
8 120 (1.87%) Financial Institution
9 107 (1.67%) Back Office
10 97 (1.51%) Law
11 85 (1.32%) Games
12 62 (0.97%) Advertising
13 61 (0.95%) Telecoms
14 40 (0.62%) Publishing
15 36 (0.56%) Retail Banking
16 29 (0.45%) French Language
17 26 (0.40%) Billing
18 22 (0.34%) General Ledger
18 22 (0.34%) Manufacturing
19 21 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,110 (48.43%) Developer
2 1,193 (18.58%) Analyst
3 780 (12.15%) C# Developer
4 628 (9.78%) SQL Developer
5 539 (8.39%) .NET Developer
6 529 (8.24%) Java Developer
7 403 (6.28%) Senior Developer
8 339 (5.28%) C# .NET Developer
9 338 (5.26%) Data Analyst
10 326 (5.08%) Data Engineer
11 290 (4.52%) Consultant
12 264 (4.11%) SQL Analyst
13 259 (4.03%) Business Analyst
14 242 (3.77%) Business Intelligence Developer
15 200 (3.11%) Architect
16 199 (3.10%) Python Developer
17 195 (3.04%) Full Stack Developer
18 187 (2.91%) DBA
19 161 (2.51%) Test Analyst
20 143 (2.23%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,380 (21.49%) .NET
2 597 (9.30%) HTML
3 550 (8.57%) AngularJS
4 540 (8.41%) XML
5 481 (7.49%) Web Services
6 440 (6.85%) CSS
7 408 (6.35%) REST
8 396 (6.17%) ASP.NET
9 367 (5.72%) Spring
10 265 (4.13%) RESTful
11 264 (4.11%) Node.js
12 253 (3.94%) JSON
13 249 (3.88%) Kafka
14 247 (3.85%) WCF
15 239 (3.72%) React
16 219 (3.41%) HTML5
17 216 (3.36%) .NET Framework
17 216 (3.36%) jQuery
18 215 (3.35%) ASP.NET MVC
19 185 (2.88%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 728 (11.34%) Analytical Skills
2 307 (4.78%) Computer Science
3 281 (4.38%) Greenfield Project
4 238 (3.71%) Derivative
5 237 (3.69%) Algorithms
5 237 (3.69%) Fixed Income
6 232 (3.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 175 (2.73%) User Experience
8 163 (2.54%) Fintech
9 156 (2.43%) Data Structures
10 141 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
11 125 (1.95%) Hedge funds
12 123 (1.92%) Equities
13 108 (1.68%) Management Information System
14 93 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
15 78 (1.21%) Credit Risk
15 78 (1.21%) Replication
16 71 (1.11%) Mobile App
17 67 (1.04%) Reinsurance
18 61 (0.95%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 765 (11.91%) Linux
2 700 (10.90%) Windows
3 541 (8.43%) Unix
4 195 (3.04%) Windows Server
5 74 (1.15%) Windows Server 2008
6 71 (1.11%) Windows Server 2012
7 67 (1.04%) Android
8 63 (0.98%) Solaris
9 55 (0.86%) Windows 10
10 54 (0.84%) Apple iOS
11 52 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 42 (0.65%) CentOS
13 32 (0.50%) Windows 7
14 27 (0.42%) AIX
15 23 (0.36%) Ubuntu
16 18 (0.28%) HPUX
16 18 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
17 14 (0.22%) VMS
18 11 (0.17%) Mac OS X
19 8 (0.12%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,860 (28.97%) Agile Software Development
2 909 (14.16%) Business Intelligence
3 815 (12.69%) Analytics
4 784 (12.21%) ETL
5 747 (11.63%) TDD
6 682 (10.62%) Problem-Solving
7 559 (8.71%) Test Automation
8 546 (8.50%) Scrum
9 530 (8.25%) Data Modelling
10 502 (7.82%) DevOps
11 482 (7.51%) MVC
12 442 (6.88%) Continuous Integration
13 420 (6.54%) Migration
14 392 (6.10%) BDD
15 384 (5.98%) Data Analysis
16 367 (5.72%) SDLC
17 339 (5.28%) Data Science
18 334 (5.20%) OO
19 323 (5.03%) Multithreading
20 316 (4.92%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,579 (24.59%) C#
2 1,353 (21.07%) Java
3 1,080 (16.82%) Python
4 968 (15.08%) JavaScript
5 668 (10.40%) T-SQL
6 426 (6.63%) PL/SQL
7 298 (4.64%) R
8 288 (4.49%) Scala
9 267 (4.16%) VBA
10 259 (4.03%) C++
11 252 (3.92%) PowerShell
12 199 (3.10%) Java 8
13 181 (2.82%) Shell Script
14 173 (2.69%) Bash Shell
15 159 (2.48%) VB.NET
16 155 (2.41%) Perl
17 119 (1.85%) C
18 117 (1.82%) Ruby
19 105 (1.64%) VB
20 98 (1.53%) PHP
Qualifications
1 474 (7.38%) Degree
2 331 (5.15%) Security Cleared
3 224 (3.49%) SC Cleared
4 93 (1.45%) Computer Science Degree
5 85 (1.32%) DV Cleared
6 64 (1.00%) Master's Degree
7 44 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
8 39 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
9 38 (0.59%) ISTQB
10 30 (0.47%) PhD
11 26 (0.40%) ISEB
12 18 (0.28%) MCSE
13 16 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 15 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
14 15 (0.23%) MBA
15 12 (0.19%) ITIL Certification
15 12 (0.19%) Oracle Certification
16 11 (0.17%) DBS Check
16 11 (0.17%) MCP
16 11 (0.17%) Siebel Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 313 (4.87%) QA
2 223 (3.47%) Data Quality
3 78 (1.21%) GDPR
4 62 (0.97%) MiFID
5 54 (0.84%) GCP
6 46 (0.72%) SLA
7 23 (0.36%) EMIR
8 21 (0.33%) IFRS
9 20 (0.31%) Dodd-Frank
10 19 (0.30%) IFRS 9
11 16 (0.25%) PMO
12 13 (0.20%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 10 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 10 (0.16%) Solvency II
14 9 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
14 9 (0.14%) HL7
14 9 (0.14%) SEPA
15 6 (0.093%) Basel II
16 5 (0.078%) ISO 8583
16 5 (0.078%) WCAG
System Software
1 250 (3.89%) Docker
2 203 (3.16%) Active Directory
3 82 (1.28%) HDFS
4 71 (1.11%) VMware Infrastructure
5 45 (0.70%) VMware ESXi
6 36 (0.56%) Hyper-V
7 32 (0.50%) Apache Flume
8 20 (0.31%) Oracle RAC
9 18 (0.28%) vSphere
10 15 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
11 14 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
12 12 (0.19%) XenApp
13 9 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 7 (0.11%) Xen
15 6 (0.093%) NFS
15 6 (0.093%) Terminal Server
15 6 (0.093%) VirtualBox
16 4 (0.062%) vCloud
16 4 (0.062%) Virtual Desktop
16 4 (0.062%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 115 (1.79%) Ansible
2 110 (1.71%) Puppet
3 105 (1.64%) Kubernetes
4 91 (1.42%) Oozie
5 83 (1.29%) Opscode Chef
6 73 (1.14%) Terraform
7 52 (0.81%) SCCM
8 44 (0.69%) Kibana
9 39 (0.61%) Grafana
9 39 (0.61%) Hadoop YARN
10 35 (0.55%) SCOM
11 33 (0.51%) Control-M
12 31 (0.48%) logstash
13 27 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
14 26 (0.40%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
15 24 (0.37%) vCenter Server
16 23 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
17 21 (0.33%) Data Guard
18 20 (0.31%) Nagios
19 16 (0.25%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 1,112 (17.32%) Microsoft
2 990 (15.42%) Oracle
3 301 (4.69%) Tableau
4 199 (3.10%) Google
5 168 (2.62%) SAP
6 152 (2.37%) IBM
7 140 (2.18%) VMware
8 130 (2.02%) Salesforce.com
9 115 (1.79%) Sybase
10 103 (1.60%) Informatica
11 86 (1.34%) TIBCO
12 78 (1.21%) Bloomberg
13 75 (1.17%) Splunk
14 74 (1.15%) Cisco
15 69 (1.07%) Cognos
16 66 (1.03%) Citrix
17 63 (0.98%) Cloudera
18 59 (0.92%) Alteryx
19 56 (0.87%) Charles River
20 54 (0.84%) HP