Period
to 17 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 17 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
17 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 7 6
Rank change year-on-year +2 -1 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 6,513 6,360 6,091
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 14.20% 14.88% 13.46%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.40% 31.12% 30.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,844 4,586 4,449
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +1.12%
10th Percentile £321 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 47 60 33
London median hourly rate £24.50 £28.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.49% -13.85% +46.74%
10th Percentile £16.85 £16.20 £17.52
90th Percentile £51.65 £57.63 £50.00
England median hourly rate £25.00 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year -28.56% +7.69% +35.42%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,934 20,434 19,811
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 49.99% 47.82% 43.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,506 15,200 14,937
London median daily rate £520 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £363 £331 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 170 153 90
London median hourly rate £39.00 £40.00 £27.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.50% +46.08% -0.43%
10th Percentile £18.00 £17.30 £14.11
90th Percentile £62.63 £52.40 £55.19
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +4.17%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 17 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 17 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 17 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 1,303 £500 +5.26% 512
West London -2 232 £388 -3.13% 209
South London -11 211 £475 +5.56% 45
East London +3 181 £486 -1.77% 100
North London +1 22 £400 +7.38% 14
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 17 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,019 (31.00%) Finance
2 1,979 (30.39%) Agile Software Development
3 1,816 (27.88%) SQL Server
4 1,656 (25.43%) C#
5 1,479 (22.71%) .NET
6 1,353 (20.77%) Java
7 1,198 (18.39%) Python
8 1,145 (17.58%) Microsoft
9 1,021 (15.68%) Banking
10 990 (15.20%) Oracle
11 933 (14.33%) JavaScript
12 918 (14.09%) Business Intelligence
13 861 (13.22%) Analytics
14 852 (13.08%) Linux
15 845 (12.97%) Microsoft Azure
16 842 (12.93%) TDD
17 794 (12.19%) Amazon AWS
18 791 (12.14%) ETL
19 778 (11.95%) Data Warehouse
20 754 (11.58%) Windows
21 696 (10.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
22 645 (9.90%) T-SQL
22 645 (9.90%) Problem-Solving
23 626 (9.61%) AngularJS
24 615 (9.44%) Analytical Skills
25 599 (9.20%) HTML
26 597 (9.17%) Unix
27 590 (9.06%) Git (software)
28 579 (8.89%) NoSQL
29 566 (8.69%) Big Data

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 426 (6.54%) Apache Spark
2 228 (3.50%) Apache
3 181 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
4 167 (2.56%) IIS
5 144 (2.21%) Tomcat
6 137 (2.10%) SAS
7 133 (2.04%) Confluence
8 119 (1.83%) SharePoint
9 70 (1.07%) CMS
10 69 (1.06%) WebSphere
11 60 (0.92%) MS Exchange
12 58 (0.89%) NServiceBus
13 55 (0.84%) JBoss
14 50 (0.77%) Oracle Workflow
15 47 (0.72%) nginx
16 39 (0.60%) Apache Airflow
17 34 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2010
18 30 (0.46%) WebLogic
19 29 (0.45%) Apache Solr
19 29 (0.45%) Mule
Applications
1 463 (7.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 99 (1.52%) Microsoft Office
3 68 (1.04%) MS Visio
4 65 (1.00%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 45 (0.69%) Spreadsheet
6 31 (0.48%) Microsoft Project
7 21 (0.32%) SPSS
8 16 (0.25%) Photoshop
9 11 (0.17%) Stata
10 6 (0.092%) Acrobat
11 5 (0.077%) Chatbot
12 4 (0.061%) Adobe Illustrator
13 2 (0.031%) InfoPath
14 1 (0.015%) Autodesk Inventor
14 1 (0.015%) InVision
14 1 (0.015%) RoboHelp
14 1 (0.015%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 60 (0.92%) Markit EDM
2 45 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
3 40 (0.61%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 38 (0.58%) Dynamics AX
5 32 (0.49%) thinkFolio
6 24 (0.37%) ION MarketView
6 24 (0.37%) Oracle EBS
7 23 (0.35%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 20 (0.31%) Eagle PACE
9 18 (0.28%) Oracle EBS R12
10 17 (0.26%) Bloomberg AIM
11 16 (0.25%) Oracle Financials
12 15 (0.23%) PolarLake
13 14 (0.21%) Front Arena
13 14 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
14 13 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
15 11 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
15 11 (0.17%) Oracle Assets
15 11 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
16 10 (0.15%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 845 (12.97%) Microsoft Azure
2 794 (12.19%) Amazon AWS
3 184 (2.83%) Google Cloud Platform
4 148 (2.27%) Amazon EC2
5 140 (2.15%) Amazon S3
6 134 (2.06%) GitHub
7 132 (2.03%) Cloud Computing
8 101 (1.55%) PaaS
9 84 (1.29%) Office 365
10 83 (1.27%) Serverless
11 80 (1.23%) Google Analytics
12 65 (1.00%) SaaS
13 63 (0.97%) IaaS
14 60 (0.92%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 57 (0.88%) Azure Data Factory
16 52 (0.80%) Amazon EMR
17 49 (0.75%) npm
18 43 (0.66%) Azure Active Directory
19 31 (0.48%) Dynamics 365
20 26 (0.40%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 109 (1.67%) HTTP
2 98 (1.50%) Firewall
3 79 (1.21%) Internet
4 76 (1.17%) DNS
5 57 (0.88%) SAN
6 56 (0.86%) SSL
7 50 (0.77%) TCP/IP
8 48 (0.74%) Kerberos
9 41 (0.63%) LAN
10 40 (0.61%) SMS
11 38 (0.58%) VPN
11 38 (0.58%) WAN
12 37 (0.57%) AMQP
13 31 (0.48%) Intranet
14 28 (0.43%) DHCP
15 26 (0.40%) FTP
16 21 (0.32%) DMARC
17 20 (0.31%) Multicast
18 19 (0.29%) Skype
19 18 (0.28%) DKIM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,816 (27.88%) SQL Server
2 778 (11.95%) Data Warehouse
3 696 (10.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 579 (8.89%) NoSQL
5 566 (8.69%) Big Data
6 561 (8.61%) Relational Database
7 546 (8.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 474 (7.28%) Hadoop
9 408 (6.26%) Power BI
10 351 (5.39%) MySQL
11 322 (4.94%) PostgreSQL
12 307 (4.71%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 289 (4.44%) MongoDB
14 258 (3.96%) Apache Hive
15 216 (3.32%) Oracle Database
16 183 (2.81%) SQL Server 2012
17 159 (2.44%) RDBMS
18 154 (2.36%) Amazon Redshift
19 147 (2.26%) Azure SQL Database
20 142 (2.18%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 590 (9.06%) Git (software)
2 444 (6.82%) Jenkins
3 390 (5.99%) JIRA
4 234 (3.59%) Team Foundation Server
5 230 (3.53%) Visual Studio
6 223 (3.42%) TeamCity
7 216 (3.32%) Selenium
8 208 (3.19%) Maven
9 184 (2.83%) Subversion
10 172 (2.64%) Cucumber
11 138 (2.12%) JUnit
11 138 (2.12%) Visual Studio Team System
12 123 (1.89%) NUnit
13 113 (1.73%) SpecFlow
14 71 (1.09%) Octopus Deploy
15 69 (1.06%) Gradle
16 67 (1.03%) Bitbucket
17 64 (0.98%) WebDriver
18 62 (0.95%) Eclipse
19 54 (0.83%) Artifactory
General
1 2,019 (31.00%) Finance
2 1,021 (15.68%) Banking
3 542 (8.32%) Front Office
4 369 (5.67%) Investment Banking
5 251 (3.85%) Retail
6 209 (3.21%) Marketing
7 112 (1.72%) Financial Institution
8 99 (1.52%) Back Office
8 99 (1.52%) Legal
9 68 (1.04%) Advertising
10 63 (0.97%) Law
10 63 (0.97%) Telecoms
11 61 (0.94%) Games
12 60 (0.92%) Publishing
13 34 (0.52%) Manufacturing
14 28 (0.43%) General Ledger
14 28 (0.43%) Retail Banking
15 19 (0.29%) Electronics
16 17 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
17 15 (0.23%) Billing
Job Titles
1 3,307 (50.78%) Developer
2 1,061 (16.29%) Analyst
3 821 (12.61%) C# Developer
4 646 (9.92%) .NET Developer
5 641 (9.84%) SQL Developer
6 511 (7.85%) Java Developer
7 393 (6.03%) Senior Developer
8 366 (5.62%) Data Engineer
9 348 (5.34%) C# .NET Developer
10 325 (4.99%) Data Analyst
11 280 (4.30%) Consultant
12 253 (3.88%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 235 (3.61%) Full Stack Developer
14 222 (3.41%) Architect
14 222 (3.41%) Python Developer
15 212 (3.26%) SQL Analyst
16 206 (3.16%) Business Analyst
17 158 (2.43%) ASP.NET Developer
18 151 (2.32%) Angular Developer
19 143 (2.20%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,479 (22.71%) .NET
2 626 (9.61%) AngularJS
3 599 (9.20%) HTML
4 509 (7.82%) XML
5 471 (7.23%) Web Services
6 435 (6.68%) ASP.NET
7 430 (6.60%) CSS
8 395 (6.06%) Spring
9 369 (5.67%) REST
10 333 (5.11%) WCF
11 294 (4.51%) Kafka
12 255 (3.92%) React
13 252 (3.87%) ASP.NET Web API
14 238 (3.65%) JSON
15 237 (3.64%) ASP.NET MVC
16 235 (3.61%) Node.js
17 229 (3.52%) RESTful
18 226 (3.47%) WPF
19 219 (3.36%) .NET Framework
20 211 (3.24%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 615 (9.44%) Analytical Skills
2 387 (5.94%) Greenfield Project
3 339 (5.20%) Fixed Income
4 256 (3.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 252 (3.87%) Computer Science
6 247 (3.79%) Derivative
7 216 (3.32%) Algorithms
8 189 (2.90%) Fintech
9 144 (2.21%) Data Structures
10 137 (2.10%) User Experience
11 124 (1.90%) Equities
12 116 (1.78%) Hedge funds
13 100 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
14 96 (1.47%) Self-Motivation
15 94 (1.44%) Credit Risk
16 80 (1.23%) Management Information System
17 73 (1.12%) Clustering
18 70 (1.07%) Mobile App
19 63 (0.97%) Market Risk
20 61 (0.94%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 852 (13.08%) Linux
2 754 (11.58%) Windows
3 597 (9.17%) Unix
4 224 (3.44%) Windows Server
5 84 (1.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 75 (1.15%) Windows Server 2012
7 73 (1.12%) Windows Server 2008
8 65 (1.00%) Windows 10
9 59 (0.91%) Apple iOS
10 56 (0.86%) Solaris
11 50 (0.77%) Android
11 50 (0.77%) CentOS
12 47 (0.72%) Windows 7
13 32 (0.49%) Ubuntu
14 29 (0.45%) AIX
15 28 (0.43%) Windows Server 2003
16 17 (0.26%) VMS
17 12 (0.18%) CoreOS
18 11 (0.17%) SUSE
19 9 (0.14%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,979 (30.39%) Agile Software Development
2 918 (14.09%) Business Intelligence
3 861 (13.22%) Analytics
4 842 (12.93%) TDD
5 791 (12.14%) ETL
6 645 (9.90%) Problem-Solving
7 560 (8.60%) Scrum
8 557 (8.55%) Test Automation
9 547 (8.40%) DevOps
10 516 (7.92%) MVC
11 497 (7.63%) Data Modelling
12 487 (7.48%) Continuous Integration
13 447 (6.86%) BDD
14 413 (6.34%) SDLC
15 383 (5.88%) Microservices
16 379 (5.82%) Migration
17 374 (5.74%) Multithreading
18 362 (5.56%) Data Analysis
19 359 (5.51%) OO
20 354 (5.44%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,656 (25.43%) C#
2 1,353 (20.77%) Java
3 1,198 (18.39%) Python
4 933 (14.33%) JavaScript
5 645 (9.90%) T-SQL
6 403 (6.19%) PL/SQL
7 313 (4.81%) PowerShell
8 311 (4.78%) Scala
9 275 (4.22%) C++
10 273 (4.19%) R
11 227 (3.49%) VBA
12 209 (3.21%) Shell Script
13 189 (2.90%) Bash Shell
14 177 (2.72%) Java 8
15 162 (2.49%) Perl
16 159 (2.44%) VB.NET
17 132 (2.03%) C
18 129 (1.98%) Ruby
19 121 (1.86%) PHP
20 114 (1.75%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 395 (6.06%) Degree
2 329 (5.05%) Security Cleared
3 243 (3.73%) SC Cleared
4 81 (1.24%) Computer Science Degree
5 65 (1.00%) DV Cleared
6 37 (0.57%) Microsoft Certification
7 36 (0.55%) Master's Degree
8 33 (0.51%) ISTQB
9 32 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
10 29 (0.45%) ISEB
11 25 (0.38%) PhD
12 21 (0.32%) MCSE
13 18 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
14 16 (0.25%) Novell Certification
15 12 (0.18%) MBA
15 12 (0.18%) Oracle Certification
16 10 (0.15%) Siebel Certification
17 9 (0.14%) BPSS Clearance
18 8 (0.12%) DBS Check
18 8 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 282 (4.33%) QA
2 233 (3.58%) Data Quality
3 78 (1.20%) GCP
4 58 (0.89%) GDPR
5 46 (0.71%) MiFID
6 42 (0.64%) SLA
7 23 (0.35%) EMIR
8 21 (0.32%) Dodd-Frank
9 19 (0.29%) IFRS
10 17 (0.26%) PMO
11 16 (0.25%) IFRS 9
12 14 (0.21%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 11 (0.17%) Solvency II
14 8 (0.12%) SEPA
15 7 (0.11%) HL7
16 5 (0.077%) ISO 8583
16 5 (0.077%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 4 (0.061%) Actionable Recommendations
17 4 (0.061%) Basel III
18 3 (0.046%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 289 (4.44%) Docker
2 223 (3.42%) Active Directory
3 109 (1.67%) HDFS
4 88 (1.35%) VMware Infrastructure
5 56 (0.86%) Hyper-V
6 55 (0.84%) VMware ESXi
7 44 (0.68%) vSphere
8 27 (0.41%) Apache Flume
8 27 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
9 25 (0.38%) Oracle RAC
10 21 (0.32%) Microsoft App-V
11 17 (0.26%) XenApp
12 11 (0.17%) etcd
13 10 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 10 (0.15%) flannel
13 10 (0.15%) SkyDNS
14 9 (0.14%) Ceph
14 9 (0.14%) GlusterFS
15 8 (0.12%) IAG
15 8 (0.12%) UAG
Systems Management
1 168 (2.58%) Ansible
2 133 (2.04%) Puppet
3 128 (1.97%) Kubernetes
4 110 (1.69%) Opscode Chef
5 91 (1.40%) Oozie
6 83 (1.27%) SCCM
7 73 (1.12%) Terraform
8 68 (1.04%) Hadoop YARN
9 55 (0.84%) SCOM
10 47 (0.72%) Single Sign-On
11 43 (0.66%) Kibana
12 39 (0.60%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
13 38 (0.58%) Microsoft Clustering
14 36 (0.55%) Control-M
15 32 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
15 32 (0.49%) Prometheus
16 27 (0.41%) Grafana
16 27 (0.41%) logstash
17 23 (0.35%) vCenter Server
18 22 (0.34%) CA Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 1,145 (17.58%) Microsoft
2 990 (15.20%) Oracle
3 332 (5.10%) Tableau
4 243 (3.73%) Google
5 187 (2.87%) VMware
6 161 (2.47%) SAP
7 140 (2.15%) IBM
8 135 (2.07%) Salesforce.com
9 112 (1.72%) Informatica
10 87 (1.34%) Cloudera
11 80 (1.23%) Bloomberg
12 79 (1.21%) Splunk
13 76 (1.17%) Red Hat
14 74 (1.14%) TIBCO
15 73 (1.12%) Sybase
16 72 (1.11%) Citrix
17 69 (1.06%) Alteryx
18 64 (0.98%) Cognos
19 62 (0.95%) Cisco
20 59 (0.91%) Talend