Period
to 26 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 26 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
26 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -4 0 +1
Contract jobs citing SQL 2,702 3,969 5,938
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 13.71% 14.06% 13.48%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.08% 29.74% 27.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,281 3,017 4,466
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £325 £350 £325
90th Percentile £663 £675 £650
England median daily rate £463 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +2.78% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 35 30
Median hourly rate £37.22 £36.70 £26.40
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.40% +39.03% +17.32%
10th Percentile £22.71 £24.50 £19.89
90th Percentile £66.73 £50.00 £47.63
England median hourly rate £26.25 £26.00 £25.63
% change year-on-year +0.96% +1.46% -6.82%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 9,623 13,346 21,692
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 48.84% 47.28% 49.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,062 10,014 16,584
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £350 £370 £363
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
England median daily rate £488 £488 £485
% change year-on-year - +0.52% +2.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 69 93 99
Median hourly rate £40.00 £47.83 £36.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.37% +30.43% +16.88%
10th Percentile £21.63 £18.71 £18.66
90th Percentile £68.36 £63.75 £53.75
Median hourly rate £42.50 £44.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -3.41% +3.53% +6.25%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 26 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 26 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 26 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -3 362 £500 +5.26% 262
West London -1 63 £521 +12.70% 128
South London 0 51 £450 -5.26% 29
North London +7 12 £300 -33.33% 6
East London -4 9 £405 -10.00% 74
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 26 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 869 (32.16%) Agile Software Development
2 844 (31.24%) Finance
3 821 (30.38%) Python
4 738 (27.31%) Azure
5 607 (22.46%) Java
6 550 (20.36%) SQL Server
7 505 (18.69%) AWS
8 479 (17.73%) Oracle
9 445 (16.47%) DevOps
10 442 (16.36%) Business Intelligence
11 441 (16.32%) Banking
12 429 (15.88%) .NET
13 428 (15.84%) C#
14 390 (14.43%) Analytics
15 388 (14.36%) JavaScript
16 359 (13.29%) Microsoft
17 330 (12.21%) Data Modelling
18 308 (11.40%) Data Warehouse
19 301 (11.14%) Microservices
20 299 (11.07%) ETL
21 298 (11.03%) Analytical Skills
22 286 (10.58%) Front Office
23 271 (10.03%) Software Engineering
24 254 (9.40%) Power Platform
25 249 (9.22%) PL/SQL
26 245 (9.07%) NoSQL
27 244 (9.03%) Problem-Solving
28 242 (8.96%) Git (software)
29 236 (8.73%) Power BI
30 230 (8.51%) Web Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 151 (5.59%) Apache Spark
2 98 (3.63%) Apache
3 63 (2.33%) SAS
4 62 (2.29%) Confluence
5 37 (1.37%) Apache Airflow
6 36 (1.33%) Elasticsearch
6 36 (1.33%) SharePoint
7 31 (1.15%) BizTalk Server
8 24 (0.89%) Jupyter
9 23 (0.85%) IIS
10 22 (0.81%) Tomcat
11 20 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 18 (0.67%) WebSphere
13 17 (0.63%) Oracle Workflow
14 15 (0.56%) JBoss
14 15 (0.56%) NServiceBus
14 15 (0.56%) WebLogic
15 13 (0.48%) CMS
15 13 (0.48%) nginx
16 12 (0.44%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 147 (5.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 55 (2.04%) Microsoft Office
3 28 (1.04%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 21 (0.78%) MS Visio
4 21 (0.78%) Spreadsheet
5 7 (0.26%) SPSS
6 6 (0.22%) InfoPath
7 4 (0.15%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
7 4 (0.15%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.037%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.037%) Stata
Business Applications
1 24 (0.89%) Oracle EBS
2 19 (0.70%) Markit EDM
3 17 (0.63%) Oracle EBS R12
4 16 (0.59%) Eagle PACE
5 13 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
6 12 (0.44%) Oracle Applications
7 9 (0.33%) Summit
8 8 (0.30%) Oracle General Ledger
8 8 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
8 8 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 7 (0.26%) Oracle Financials
10 6 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
11 5 (0.19%) ION MarketView
11 5 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
11 5 (0.19%) SunGard Martini
11 5 (0.19%) thinkFolio
12 4 (0.15%) HiPortfolio
12 4 (0.15%) Maximo
12 4 (0.15%) Sage X3
12 4 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 738 (27.31%) Azure
2 505 (18.69%) AWS
3 254 (9.40%) Power Platform
4 202 (7.48%) Serverless
5 179 (6.62%) GCP
6 148 (5.48%) AWS Lambda
7 118 (4.37%) Amazon S3
8 90 (3.33%) Azure Data Factory
9 89 (3.29%) Amazon EC2
10 67 (2.48%) Logic Apps
11 64 (2.37%) Azure Functions
12 62 (2.29%) PaaS
13 49 (1.81%) GitHub
14 39 (1.44%) PowerApps
15 38 (1.41%) SaaS
16 37 (1.37%) IaaS
17 36 (1.33%) Azure Active Directory
18 34 (1.26%) Microsoft 365
19 31 (1.15%) Amazon EMR
20 29 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 33 (1.22%) Firewall
2 27 (1.00%) HTTP
3 24 (0.89%) DNS
4 18 (0.67%) TCP/IP
5 17 (0.63%) Multicast
5 17 (0.63%) Network Security
6 13 (0.48%) SSL
7 12 (0.44%) Internet
7 12 (0.44%) VoIP
8 11 (0.41%) SNMP
9 9 (0.33%) Skype
10 8 (0.30%) DHCP
10 8 (0.30%) VPN
11 7 (0.26%) CTI
11 7 (0.26%) FTP
11 7 (0.26%) HTTPS
11 7 (0.26%) SAN
11 7 (0.26%) Softphone
11 7 (0.26%) SSH
12 5 (0.19%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 550 (20.36%) SQL Server
2 308 (11.40%) Data Warehouse
3 245 (9.07%) NoSQL
4 236 (8.73%) Power BI
5 197 (7.29%) Azure SQL Database
6 192 (7.11%) Relational Database
7 186 (6.88%) Tableau
8 177 (6.55%) Big Data
9 173 (6.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 139 (5.14%) PostgreSQL
11 122 (4.52%) MySQL
12 110 (4.07%) Hadoop
13 105 (3.89%) MongoDB
13 105 (3.89%) Oracle Database
14 104 (3.85%) Data Lake
15 93 (3.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 76 (2.81%) Amazon Redshift
17 74 (2.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 73 (2.70%) RDBMS
19 70 (2.59%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 242 (8.96%) Git (software)
2 210 (7.77%) Jenkins
3 163 (6.03%) JIRA
4 66 (2.44%) Selenium
5 52 (1.92%) Visual Studio
6 49 (1.81%) GitLab
7 48 (1.78%) Cucumber
8 45 (1.67%) Maven
8 45 (1.67%) TeamCity
9 39 (1.44%) Subversion
10 33 (1.22%) Artifactory
11 32 (1.18%) Octopus Deploy
12 31 (1.15%) JUnit
13 30 (1.11%) SpecFlow
14 27 (1.00%) Visual Studio Team System
15 25 (0.93%) Bitbucket
15 25 (0.93%) SonarQube
16 24 (0.89%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
16 24 (0.89%) webpack
17 22 (0.81%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 844 (31.24%) Finance
2 441 (16.32%) Banking
3 286 (10.58%) Front Office
4 171 (6.33%) Investment Banking
5 116 (4.29%) Public Sector
6 97 (3.59%) Marketing
7 80 (2.96%) Retail
8 59 (2.18%) Back Office
9 39 (1.44%) Telecoms
10 28 (1.04%) Manufacturing
11 25 (0.93%) Legal
12 23 (0.85%) Financial Institution
13 22 (0.81%) Electronics
13 22 (0.81%) Games
14 19 (0.70%) Pharmaceutical
15 18 (0.67%) Local Government
16 17 (0.63%) Advertising
17 14 (0.52%) Multimedia
18 13 (0.48%) Law
19 8 (0.30%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,031 (38.16%) Developer
2 496 (18.36%) Analyst
3 289 (10.70%) Data Engineer
4 197 (7.29%) Data Analyst
5 177 (6.55%) SQL Developer
6 169 (6.25%) Java Developer
7 162 (6.00%) Architect
8 149 (5.51%) .NET Developer
9 135 (5.00%) Python Engineer
10 134 (4.96%) Business Analyst
11 130 (4.81%) C# Developer
12 122 (4.52%) Python Developer
13 121 (4.48%) Software Engineer
14 119 (4.40%) SQL Analyst
15 117 (4.33%) Senior Developer
16 112 (4.15%) Consultant
17 94 (3.48%) Azure Engineer
18 86 (3.18%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 86 (3.18%) SQL Data Analyst
19 82 (3.03%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 429 (15.88%) .NET
2 230 (8.51%) Web Services
3 218 (8.07%) React
4 209 (7.74%) HTML
5 204 (7.55%) AngularJS
6 176 (6.51%) Spring
7 166 (6.14%) REST
8 159 (5.88%) XML
9 157 (5.81%) CSS
10 141 (5.22%) Node.js
11 140 (5.18%) .NET Core
12 124 (4.59%) Kafka
13 107 (3.96%) JSON
14 97 (3.59%) Spring Boot
15 95 (3.52%) RESTful
16 90 (3.33%) .NET Framework
17 86 (3.18%) ASP.NET
18 75 (2.78%) HTML5
19 73 (2.70%) jQuery
19 73 (2.70%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 298 (11.03%) Analytical Skills
2 158 (5.85%) Derivative
3 149 (5.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 142 (5.26%) Hedge funds
5 140 (5.18%) Equities
6 139 (5.14%) Fixed Income
7 89 (3.29%) Data Structures
8 85 (3.15%) Greenfield Project
9 74 (2.74%) Cloud Native
10 71 (2.63%) User Experience
11 65 (2.41%) Self-Motivation
12 62 (2.29%) Algorithms
13 58 (2.15%) Reference Data
14 51 (1.89%) Equity Derivative
15 47 (1.74%) Management Information System
16 42 (1.55%) NHS
17 41 (1.52%) Public Cloud
17 41 (1.52%) Virtual Team
18 28 (1.04%) Credit Risk
19 23 (0.85%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 212 (7.85%) Linux
2 189 (6.99%) Windows
3 151 (5.59%) Unix
4 55 (2.04%) Windows Server
5 31 (1.15%) Android
6 25 (0.93%) Apple iOS
7 17 (0.63%) Windows Server 2012
8 15 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 13 (0.48%) Solaris
9 13 (0.48%) Windows 10
9 13 (0.48%) Windows Server 2008
10 10 (0.37%) Windows 7
11 8 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
12 6 (0.22%) AIX
12 6 (0.22%) Ubuntu
13 5 (0.19%) CentOS
14 4 (0.15%) Mac OS X
14 4 (0.15%) VMS
15 1 (0.037%) Windows 8
15 1 (0.037%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 869 (32.16%) Agile Software Development
2 445 (16.47%) DevOps
3 442 (16.36%) Business Intelligence
4 390 (14.43%) Analytics
5 330 (12.21%) Data Modelling
6 301 (11.14%) Microservices
7 299 (11.07%) ETL
8 271 (10.03%) Software Engineering
9 244 (9.03%) Problem-Solving
10 225 (8.33%) TDD
11 219 (8.11%) Scrum
12 214 (7.92%) Test Automation
13 209 (7.74%) Asset Management
14 207 (7.66%) Migration
15 194 (7.18%) Data Analysis
16 181 (6.70%) Data Science
17 175 (6.48%) Visualisation
18 172 (6.37%) BDD
19 141 (5.22%) Data Engineering
20 137 (5.07%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 821 (30.38%) Python
2 607 (22.46%) Java
3 428 (15.84%) C#
4 388 (14.36%) JavaScript
5 249 (9.22%) PL/SQL
6 202 (7.48%) T-SQL
7 158 (5.85%) PowerShell
8 137 (5.07%) TypeScript
9 123 (4.55%) R
10 114 (4.22%) Scala
11 113 (4.18%) C++
12 102 (3.77%) Kotlin
13 91 (3.37%) Java 8
14 71 (2.63%) Shell Script
15 59 (2.18%) C
16 57 (2.11%) VBA
17 54 (2.00%) Go
18 53 (1.96%) Bash Shell
19 43 (1.59%) Perl
20 35 (1.30%) PHP
Qualifications
1 191 (7.07%) Security Cleared
2 150 (5.55%) SC Cleared
3 138 (5.11%) Degree
4 41 (1.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.04%) DV Cleared
6 20 (0.74%) Master's Degree
7 16 (0.59%) AWS Certification
8 14 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (0.48%) PhD
10 12 (0.44%) TOGAF Certification
11 10 (0.37%) ISEB
11 10 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
12 7 (0.26%) ISTQB
12 7 (0.26%) Sun Certification
13 5 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
14 4 (0.15%) BPSS Clearance
14 4 (0.15%) CISM
14 4 (0.15%) CISSP
14 4 (0.15%) PMP
15 3 (0.11%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 125 (4.63%) QA
2 103 (3.81%) Data Quality
3 23 (0.85%) GDPR
4 15 (0.56%) MiFID
5 13 (0.48%) COREP
6 10 (0.37%) SLA
7 8 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 7 (0.26%) FINREP
8 7 (0.26%) IFRS
8 7 (0.26%) PMO
9 5 (0.19%) EMIR
9 5 (0.19%) Solvency II
9 5 (0.19%) WCAG
10 4 (0.15%) Basel III
10 4 (0.15%) CRD IV
10 4 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
10 4 (0.15%) NIST
11 3 (0.11%) CDISC
11 3 (0.11%) COBIT
11 3 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 219 (8.11%) Docker
2 73 (2.70%) Active Directory
3 39 (1.44%) HDFS
4 22 (0.81%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.44%) Oracle RAC
6 11 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.26%) Hyper-V
7 7 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
8 6 (0.22%) Terminal Server
9 4 (0.15%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
9 4 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.15%) Platform Symphony
9 4 (0.15%) vSphere
10 3 (0.11%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.11%) LXC
11 2 (0.074%) NFS
11 2 (0.074%) UAG
11 2 (0.074%) Xen
12 1 (0.037%) ISA Server
12 1 (0.037%) Samba
Systems Management
1 224 (8.29%) Kubernetes
2 105 (3.89%) Terraform
3 49 (1.81%) Ansible
4 19 (0.70%) Puppet
5 16 (0.59%) Control-M
6 15 (0.56%) Prometheus
7 14 (0.52%) Grafana
7 14 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (0.52%) SCCM
8 13 (0.48%) Hadoop YARN
9 10 (0.37%) Nagios
9 10 (0.37%) Netcool
10 9 (0.33%) Data Guard
10 9 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
10 9 (0.33%) Oracle RMAN
11 7 (0.26%) HP ALM
12 6 (0.22%) Zipkin
13 5 (0.19%) ITRS Geneos
13 5 (0.19%) Kibana
13 5 (0.19%) Mesos
Vendors
1 479 (17.73%) Oracle
2 359 (13.29%) Microsoft
3 126 (4.66%) Google
4 81 (3.00%) Databricks
5 52 (1.92%) Informatica
5 52 (1.92%) SAP
6 43 (1.59%) MuleSoft
7 41 (1.52%) Salesforce.com
8 40 (1.48%) VMware
9 39 (1.44%) Alteryx
10 36 (1.33%) Splunk
11 32 (1.18%) IBM
12 30 (1.11%) Bloomberg
13 29 (1.07%) Cloudera
14 26 (0.96%) HP
14 26 (0.96%) Talend
15 25 (0.93%) Murex
16 23 (0.85%) Adobe
17 22 (0.81%) Sybase
18 19 (0.70%) Dataiku