Period
to 13 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 13 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
13 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 +2
Contract jobs citing SQL 2,532 5,718 6,632
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 14.64% 13.74% 14.18%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.30% 28.95% 28.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,865 4,349 4,946
Median daily rate £500 £500 £499
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +0.25% +5.00%
10th Percentile £356 £348 £313
90th Percentile £713 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 28 55
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.10 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +39.47% +0.38% -10.71%
10th Percentile £21.60 £19.44 £14.05
90th Percentile £39.25 £54.78 £53.60
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £26.50
% change year-on-year - +32.08% -32.91%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 8,642 19,750 22,890
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 49.98% 47.45% 48.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,166 14,948 17,460
Median daily rate £525 £525 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.94% +2.51%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £360
90th Percentile £719 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 99 122 202
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.50 £42.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.41% -16.24% +5.96%
10th Percentile £24.77 £20.03 £17.57
90th Percentile £63.75 £60.68 £63.63
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £41.53
% change year-on-year -19.54% +4.74% +0.68%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 13 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 13 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 13 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London 0 478 £500 - 140
South London +12 83 £514 +17.43% 15
West London -8 57 £450 +5.88% 29
East London +9 33 £441 -16.00% 20
North London +10 13 £475 +15.15% 4
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 13 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 839 (33.14%) Agile Software Development
2 765 (30.21%) Finance
3 727 (28.71%) Java
4 700 (27.65%) Python
5 690 (27.25%) SQL Server
6 600 (23.70%) Azure
7 558 (22.04%) C#
8 502 (19.83%) .NET
9 486 (19.19%) Oracle
10 457 (18.05%) AWS
11 430 (16.98%) Business Intelligence
12 429 (16.94%) DevOps
13 414 (16.35%) Microsoft
14 403 (15.92%) Banking
15 392 (15.48%) Analytics
16 376 (14.85%) JavaScript
17 349 (13.78%) Data Warehouse
18 311 (12.28%) Windows
19 302 (11.93%) Web Services
19 302 (11.93%) ETL
20 299 (11.81%) Linux
20 299 (11.81%) Microservices
21 287 (11.33%) Docker
21 287 (11.33%) T-SQL
22 284 (11.22%) Kubernetes
23 280 (11.06%) Git (software)
24 256 (10.11%) Front Office
24 256 (10.11%) Data Modelling
25 250 (9.87%) Security Cleared
26 244 (9.64%) NoSQL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 155 (6.12%) Apache Spark
2 97 (3.83%) Confluence
3 91 (3.59%) WebLogic
4 88 (3.48%) Apache
5 86 (3.40%) SharePoint
6 63 (2.49%) Tomcat
7 53 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
8 46 (1.82%) IIS
9 38 (1.50%) SAS
10 34 (1.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 28 (1.11%) JBoss
12 26 (1.03%) Red Hat Fuse
13 24 (0.95%) MQSeries
14 21 (0.83%) Oracle Workflow
15 19 (0.75%) WebSphere
16 18 (0.71%) Apache Airflow
17 16 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
18 13 (0.51%) Apache Solr
18 13 (0.51%) CMS
19 10 (0.39%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 214 (8.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (1.58%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.47%) Photoshop
5 11 (0.43%) Chatbot
6 8 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.28%) Acrobat
7 7 (0.28%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.16%) RoboHelp
9 2 (0.079%) Stata
10 1 (0.039%) Camtasia
10 1 (0.039%) EngageOne
10 1 (0.039%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.039%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 18 (0.71%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.63%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 15 (0.59%) Markit EDM
4 13 (0.51%) Oracle EBS
5 12 (0.47%) Oracle ERP
6 11 (0.43%) PolarLake
7 9 (0.36%) Elite 3E
8 7 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
8 7 (0.28%) FINCAD Analytics
8 7 (0.28%) Northgate Housing
8 7 (0.28%) thinkFolio
9 6 (0.24%) SAP BPC
10 5 (0.20%) Eagle PACE
10 5 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
10 5 (0.20%) Siebel CRM
11 4 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
11 4 (0.16%) Orchestrade
11 4 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
12 3 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
12 3 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 600 (23.70%) Azure
2 457 (18.05%) AWS
3 200 (7.90%) Power Platform
4 192 (7.58%) GCP
5 113 (4.46%) Serverless
6 86 (3.40%) Azure Data Factory
7 80 (3.16%) AWS Lambda
8 60 (2.37%) SaaS
9 55 (2.17%) PaaS
10 43 (1.70%) Office 365
11 41 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
11 41 (1.62%) Amazon S3
12 40 (1.58%) Apigee
12 40 (1.58%) GitHub
13 38 (1.50%) Amazon ECS
13 38 (1.50%) OpenShift
14 30 (1.18%) Azure Functions
15 28 (1.11%) IaaS
16 25 (0.99%) Logic Apps
17 21 (0.83%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 47 (1.86%) SSL
2 40 (1.58%) Firewall
3 39 (1.54%) HTTP
4 35 (1.38%) DNS
5 30 (1.18%) HTTPS
6 26 (1.03%) SAN
7 23 (0.91%) TCP/IP
8 13 (0.51%) LAN
9 12 (0.47%) FTP
9 12 (0.47%) RTMP
9 12 (0.47%) WAN
10 11 (0.43%) VPN
11 9 (0.36%) Internet
11 9 (0.36%) Network Security
12 8 (0.32%) Cisco ASA
12 8 (0.32%) NetScaler
12 8 (0.32%) Remote Desktop
13 7 (0.28%) DHCP
13 7 (0.28%) Kerberos
13 7 (0.28%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 690 (27.25%) SQL Server
2 349 (13.78%) Data Warehouse
3 244 (9.64%) NoSQL
4 225 (8.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 219 (8.65%) Relational Database
6 206 (8.14%) Big Data
7 197 (7.78%) Power BI
8 171 (6.75%) PostgreSQL
9 154 (6.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 153 (6.04%) MySQL
11 123 (4.86%) MongoDB
12 120 (4.74%) Azure SQL Database
13 103 (4.07%) Data Lake
14 97 (3.83%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 92 (3.63%) Hadoop
16 91 (3.59%) Amazon Redshift
17 89 (3.52%) Oracle Database
18 80 (3.16%) RDBMS
19 60 (2.37%) Amazon RDS
20 57 (2.25%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 280 (11.06%) Git (software)
2 214 (8.45%) Jenkins
3 200 (7.90%) JIRA
4 95 (3.75%) GitLab
4 95 (3.75%) Team Foundation Server
5 80 (3.16%) TeamCity
6 76 (3.00%) Subversion
7 70 (2.76%) Visual Studio
8 69 (2.73%) Artifactory
9 66 (2.61%) JUnit
10 63 (2.49%) Maven
11 59 (2.33%) Cucumber
12 49 (1.94%) Selenium
13 43 (1.70%) Octopus Deploy
14 35 (1.38%) Bitbucket
14 35 (1.38%) Postman
14 35 (1.38%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 26 (1.03%) SoapUI
16 25 (0.99%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 24 (0.95%) Eclipse
General
1 765 (30.21%) Finance
2 403 (15.92%) Banking
3 256 (10.11%) Front Office
4 183 (7.23%) Investment Banking
5 114 (4.50%) Public Sector
6 73 (2.88%) Back Office
7 58 (2.29%) Retail
8 56 (2.21%) Legal
9 55 (2.17%) Marketing
10 38 (1.50%) Law
11 25 (0.99%) Telecoms
12 24 (0.95%) Financial Institution
12 24 (0.95%) Local Government
13 18 (0.71%) Police
14 16 (0.63%) Manufacturing
15 14 (0.55%) Publishing
16 12 (0.47%) Retail Banking
17 11 (0.43%) Electronics
17 11 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
18 8 (0.32%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,186 (46.84%) Developer
2 324 (12.80%) Analyst
3 270 (10.66%) Java Developer
4 246 (9.72%) SQL Developer
5 195 (7.70%) C# Developer
6 179 (7.07%) Data Engineer
7 171 (6.75%) Architect
8 133 (5.25%) .NET Developer
9 125 (4.94%) Python Developer
10 107 (4.23%) Consultant
11 96 (3.79%) Senior Developer
12 94 (3.71%) Software Engineer
13 91 (3.59%) Data Analyst
14 89 (3.52%) Business Analyst
15 83 (3.28%) AWS Engineer
16 78 (3.08%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 73 (2.88%) SQL Analyst
18 72 (2.84%) AWS Developer
18 72 (2.84%) Azure Engineer
18 72 (2.84%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 502 (19.83%) .NET
2 302 (11.93%) Web Services
3 218 (8.61%) AngularJS
4 206 (8.14%) HTML
5 171 (6.75%) Spring
6 161 (6.36%) React
6 161 (6.36%) REST
7 159 (6.28%) XML
8 148 (5.85%) CSS
9 145 (5.73%) Node.js
10 128 (5.06%) ASP.NET
11 106 (4.19%) JSON
12 104 (4.11%) RESTful
13 98 (3.87%) .NET Framework
13 98 (3.87%) Kafka
14 90 (3.55%) .NET Core
15 78 (3.08%) WPF
16 76 (3.00%) SOAP
17 75 (2.96%) gRPC
18 67 (2.65%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 244 (9.64%) Analytical Skills
2 187 (7.39%) Fixed Income
3 135 (5.33%) Derivative
4 125 (4.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 117 (4.62%) Hedge funds
6 111 (4.38%) Greenfield Project
7 62 (2.45%) User Experience
8 61 (2.41%) Equities
9 59 (2.33%) Data Structures
10 50 (1.97%) Credit Risk
11 48 (1.90%) Management Information System
12 44 (1.74%) Algorithms
13 42 (1.66%) Self-Motivation
14 38 (1.50%) Virtual Team
15 37 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
16 36 (1.42%) Cloud Native
17 35 (1.38%) Reference Data
18 32 (1.26%) Replication
19 29 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
19 29 (1.15%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 311 (12.28%) Windows
2 299 (11.81%) Linux
3 181 (7.15%) Unix
4 102 (4.03%) Windows Server
5 35 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 31 (1.22%) Windows Server 2016
7 28 (1.11%) Ubuntu
8 22 (0.87%) Windows Server 2012
9 20 (0.79%) Windows Server 2008
10 18 (0.71%) Solaris
11 16 (0.63%) Apple iOS
12 13 (0.51%) VMS
12 13 (0.51%) Windows 10
13 11 (0.43%) Android
14 10 (0.39%) Debian
15 9 (0.36%) Mac OS X
16 8 (0.32%) AIX
16 8 (0.32%) Windows Server 2019
17 7 (0.28%) Oracle Linux
18 5 (0.20%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 839 (33.14%) Agile Software Development
2 430 (16.98%) Business Intelligence
3 429 (16.94%) DevOps
4 392 (15.48%) Analytics
5 302 (11.93%) ETL
6 299 (11.81%) Microservices
7 256 (10.11%) Data Modelling
8 236 (9.32%) Scrum
8 236 (9.32%) TDD
9 222 (8.77%) Test Automation
10 218 (8.61%) Migration
11 209 (8.25%) Software Engineering
12 206 (8.14%) Problem-Solving
13 204 (8.06%) SDLC
14 201 (7.94%) Asset Management
15 185 (7.31%) Visualisation
16 171 (6.75%) Continuous Integration
17 147 (5.81%) Data Analysis
18 139 (5.49%) Data Science
19 130 (5.13%) OO
Programming Languages
1 727 (28.71%) Java
2 700 (27.65%) Python
3 558 (22.04%) C#
4 376 (14.85%) JavaScript
5 287 (11.33%) T-SQL
6 187 (7.39%) PL/SQL
7 182 (7.19%) PowerShell
8 134 (5.29%) R
9 124 (4.90%) VBA
10 109 (4.30%) C++
11 95 (3.75%) Scala
11 95 (3.75%) TypeScript
12 77 (3.04%) Bash Shell
13 71 (2.80%) Shell Script
14 69 (2.73%) Java 8
15 59 (2.33%) VB.NET
16 58 (2.29%) Perl
16 58 (2.29%) VB
17 55 (2.17%) Ruby
18 46 (1.82%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 250 (9.87%) Security Cleared
2 208 (8.21%) SC Cleared
3 153 (6.04%) Degree
4 51 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 38 (1.50%) DV Cleared
6 19 (0.75%) ISTQB
7 16 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
8 15 (0.59%) Sun Certification
9 13 (0.51%) ISEB
10 12 (0.47%) Master's Degree
11 11 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
12 7 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
13 6 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 5 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
14 5 (0.20%) CESG Certified Professional
14 5 (0.20%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 4 (0.16%) CCNA
15 4 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
15 4 (0.16%) PMI Certification
15 4 (0.16%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (3.83%) QA
2 90 (3.55%) Data Quality
3 46 (1.82%) GDPR
4 19 (0.75%) SLA
4 19 (0.75%) Solvency II
5 16 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 13 (0.51%) MiFID
7 12 (0.47%) Cyber Essentials
7 12 (0.47%) HIPAA
7 12 (0.47%) IFRS
8 10 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 10 (0.39%) WCAG
9 7 (0.28%) Basel III
9 7 (0.28%) PCI DSS
10 6 (0.24%) PMO
11 3 (0.12%) DICOM
11 3 (0.12%) EMIR
12 2 (0.079%) ISO 9001
12 2 (0.079%) RMADS
12 2 (0.079%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 287 (11.33%) Docker
2 94 (3.71%) Active Directory
3 36 (1.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (0.67%) Hyper-V
5 16 (0.63%) Oracle RAC
5 16 (0.63%) XenApp
6 14 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (0.39%) Microsoft App-V
8 8 (0.32%) HDFS
9 7 (0.28%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 6 (0.24%) Terminal Services
10 6 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
11 5 (0.20%) Apache Flume
11 5 (0.20%) XenDesktop
12 4 (0.16%) NFS
12 4 (0.16%) vSphere
13 3 (0.12%) GridGain
13 3 (0.12%) Samba
14 2 (0.079%) LXC
14 2 (0.079%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 284 (11.22%) Kubernetes
2 73 (2.88%) Ansible
3 58 (2.29%) Terraform
4 38 (1.50%) Kibana
5 30 (1.18%) SCCM
6 29 (1.15%) Puppet
7 27 (1.07%) logstash
8 26 (1.03%) Opscode Chef
9 24 (0.95%) Prometheus
10 20 (0.79%) Zipkin
11 18 (0.71%) Nagios
12 16 (0.63%) Data Guard
13 14 (0.55%) HP Quality Center
14 11 (0.43%) Grafana
15 10 (0.39%) Oracle RMAN
15 10 (0.39%) SCOM
15 10 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
16 9 (0.36%) Control-M
16 9 (0.36%) ITRS Geneos
17 6 (0.24%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 486 (19.19%) Oracle
2 414 (16.35%) Microsoft
3 147 (5.81%) Tableau
4 129 (5.09%) Google
5 88 (3.48%) Sybase
6 72 (2.84%) SAP
7 61 (2.41%) Databricks
8 59 (2.33%) Red Hat
9 50 (1.97%) Informatica
10 48 (1.90%) VMware
11 44 (1.74%) Splunk
12 43 (1.70%) Bloomberg
13 42 (1.66%) Salesforce.com
14 40 (1.58%) IBM
15 37 (1.46%) MuleSoft
16 33 (1.30%) Atlassian
17 31 (1.22%) Alteryx
18 27 (1.07%) Cloudera
19 26 (1.03%) Citrix
20 25 (0.99%) Cisco