Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 8 10 6
Rank change year-on-year +2 -4 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 5,222 2,467 4,109
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 13.89% 13.76% 13.81%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.45% 28.18% 29.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,959 1,787 3,023
10th Percentile £380 £325 £350
25th Percentile £475 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% - -
75th Percentile £675 £600 £588
90th Percentile £750 £675 £675
England median daily rate £525 £468 £450
% change year-on-year +12.30% +3.89% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 24 37
10th Percentile £24.50 £22.20 £20.00
25th Percentile £32.50 £31.29 £27.00
Median hourly rate £48.50 £37.93 £38.00
Median % change year-on-year +27.88% -0.19% +35.16%
75th Percentile £61.00 £48.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £70.00 £61.13 £53.30
England median hourly rate £45.00 £26.00 £26.00
% change year-on-year +73.08% - -10.05%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,605 8,753 13,907
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 44.16% 48.82% 46.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,701 6,504 10,464
10th Percentile £413 £350 £369
25th Percentile £499 £425 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £585 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +11.43% - -
75th Percentile £688 £625 £613
90th Percentile £775 £700 £688
England median daily rate £550 £482 £488
% change year-on-year +14.05% -1.08% +1.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 115 56 91
10th Percentile £25.20 £21.25 £17.25
25th Percentile £35.00 £30.44 £25.13
Median hourly rate £52.50 £41.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +28.05% -8.89% +22.72%
75th Percentile £64.19 £58.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £79.20 £69.63 £57.50
England median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year +15.29% -2.30% +2.35%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London +3 721 £570 +14.00% 459
West London -1 88 £485 -4.90% 104
South London -5 47 £533 +25.29% 27
East London +4 22 £281 -30.56% 119
North London -6 5 £400 +33.33% 4
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,670 (31.98%) Agile Software Development
2 1,645 (31.50%) Python
3 1,532 (29.34%) Finance
4 1,437 (27.52%) Azure
5 1,060 (20.30%) SQL Server
6 1,054 (20.18%) Social Skills
7 1,043 (19.97%) Java
8 1,008 (19.30%) C#
9 958 (18.35%) Business Intelligence
10 954 (18.27%) Analytics
11 934 (17.89%) Oracle
12 915 (17.52%) .NET
13 890 (17.04%) AWS
14 871 (16.68%) Banking
15 863 (16.53%) DevOps
16 736 (14.09%) CI/CD
17 691 (13.23%) Microsoft
18 684 (13.10%) ETL
19 682 (13.06%) Power Platform
20 671 (12.85%) JavaScript
21 647 (12.39%) Data Warehouse
22 645 (12.35%) Power BI
23 630 (12.06%) Analytical Skills
24 610 (11.68%) Data Modelling
25 571 (10.93%) Windows
26 541 (10.36%) Problem-Solving
27 540 (10.34%) Linux
28 532 (10.19%) Front Office
29 518 (9.92%) Git (software)
30 508 (9.73%) Software Engineering

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 276 (5.29%) Apache Spark
2 173 (3.31%) Confluence
3 140 (2.68%) SharePoint
4 126 (2.41%) Apache
5 114 (2.18%) Apache Airflow
6 89 (1.70%) Elasticsearch
7 82 (1.57%) IIS
8 81 (1.55%) SAS
9 47 (0.90%) BizTalk Server
10 44 (0.84%) Tomcat
11 42 (0.80%) WebLogic
12 35 (0.67%) WebSphere
13 24 (0.46%) Oracle Coherence
14 22 (0.42%) Luigi
15 18 (0.34%) CMS
15 18 (0.34%) Oracle Workflow
16 15 (0.29%) Jupyter
16 15 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 13 (0.25%) JBoss
17 13 (0.25%) nginx
Applications
1 326 (6.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 70 (1.34%) Microsoft Office
3 65 (1.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 43 (0.82%) MS Visio
5 19 (0.36%) Microsoft Project
6 17 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
7 16 (0.31%) SPSS
8 14 (0.27%) Chatbot
9 7 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.11%) Oracle Smart View
11 3 (0.057%) Mingle
11 3 (0.057%) Stata
12 2 (0.038%) Adobe Illustrator
13 1 (0.019%) AutoCAD
13 1 (0.019%) CPLEX
13 1 (0.019%) InfoPath
13 1 (0.019%) Photoshop
13 1 (0.019%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 53 (1.01%) Dynamics CRM
2 30 (0.57%) SunGard Martini
3 25 (0.48%) Dynamics AX
4 23 (0.44%) BusinessWorks
5 21 (0.40%) ION MarketView
6 16 (0.31%) Markit EDM
7 15 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
8 12 (0.23%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 12 (0.23%) TIBCO iProcess
9 11 (0.21%) Endur
10 10 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
10 10 (0.19%) Sentinel
11 9 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
11 9 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
11 9 (0.17%) RMDS
11 9 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
12 7 (0.13%) Oracle Assets
12 7 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
12 7 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
12 7 (0.13%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,437 (27.52%) Azure
2 890 (17.04%) AWS
3 682 (13.06%) Power Platform
4 352 (6.74%) GCP
5 271 (5.19%) Serverless
6 225 (4.31%) Azure Data Factory
7 165 (3.16%) GitHub
8 158 (3.03%) Amazon S3
9 145 (2.78%) PaaS
10 141 (2.70%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 135 (2.59%) AWS Lambda
12 118 (2.26%) Azure Functions
13 97 (1.86%) Azure Synapse Analytics
14 96 (1.84%) Amazon EC2
14 96 (1.84%) Microsoft 365
15 87 (1.67%) SaaS
16 86 (1.65%) Azure Service Bus
16 86 (1.65%) Snowflake
17 72 (1.38%) Azure Logic Apps
18 70 (1.34%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 103 (1.97%) TCP/IP
2 81 (1.55%) Firewall
3 77 (1.47%) HTTP
4 66 (1.26%) Internet
5 59 (1.13%) DNS
6 38 (0.73%) RTMP
7 34 (0.65%) HTTPS
8 30 (0.57%) SSL
9 29 (0.56%) SAN
10 26 (0.50%) DHCP
11 24 (0.46%) Kerberos
11 24 (0.46%) LAN
11 24 (0.46%) VPN
11 24 (0.46%) WAN
12 23 (0.44%) Intranet
13 21 (0.40%) FTP
13 21 (0.40%) Multicast
14 19 (0.36%) FIX Connectivity
15 17 (0.33%) Software-Defined Networking
16 10 (0.19%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,060 (20.30%) SQL Server
2 647 (12.39%) Data Warehouse
3 645 (12.35%) Power BI
4 456 (8.73%) Relational Database
5 443 (8.48%) NoSQL
6 394 (7.55%) Tableau
7 322 (6.17%) Big Data
8 320 (6.13%) PostgreSQL
9 295 (5.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 271 (5.19%) Azure SQL Database
11 266 (5.09%) Data Lake
12 231 (4.42%) Oracle Database
13 219 (4.19%) MongoDB
14 201 (3.85%) Hadoop
15 182 (3.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 180 (3.45%) MySQL
17 157 (3.01%) RDBMS
18 128 (2.45%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 118 (2.26%) BigQuery
20 110 (2.11%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 518 (9.92%) Git (software)
2 478 (9.15%) JIRA
3 365 (6.99%) Jenkins
4 156 (2.99%) TeamCity
4 156 (2.99%) Visual Studio
5 121 (2.32%) Subversion
6 115 (2.20%) GitLab
7 102 (1.95%) Selenium
8 98 (1.88%) Maven
9 95 (1.82%) Bitbucket
10 92 (1.76%) Artifactory
10 92 (1.76%) Team Foundation Server
11 90 (1.72%) Cucumber
12 64 (1.23%) JUnit
13 55 (1.05%) Octopus Deploy
14 54 (1.03%) ERwin
15 50 (0.96%) SpecFlow
16 49 (0.94%) Oracle APEX
17 35 (0.67%) ER Studio
18 34 (0.65%) Mockito
General
1 1,532 (29.34%) Finance
2 1,054 (20.18%) Social Skills
3 871 (16.68%) Banking
4 630 (12.06%) Analytical Skills
5 532 (10.19%) Front Office
6 447 (8.56%) Investment Banking
7 187 (3.58%) Public Sector
8 164 (3.14%) Presentation Skills
9 161 (3.08%) Marketing
10 113 (2.16%) Retail
11 74 (1.42%) Legal
12 64 (1.23%) Telecoms
13 54 (1.03%) Documentation Skills
14 51 (0.98%) Financial Institution
15 47 (0.90%) Back Office
16 45 (0.86%) Law
17 44 (0.84%) Publishing
18 43 (0.82%) Influencing Skills
19 39 (0.75%) Advertising
20 35 (0.67%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 2,007 (38.43%) Developer
2 971 (18.59%) Analyst
3 512 (9.80%) Data Engineer
4 398 (7.62%) Data Analyst
5 348 (6.66%) Python Developer
6 319 (6.11%) C# Developer
7 309 (5.92%) Java Developer
8 286 (5.48%) Business Analyst
9 253 (4.84%) Architect
10 252 (4.83%) SQL Developer
11 246 (4.71%) Senior Developer
12 243 (4.65%) Python Engineer
13 215 (4.12%) .NET Developer
14 201 (3.85%) Software Engineer
15 198 (3.79%) SQL Analyst
16 193 (3.70%) Full Stack Developer
17 189 (3.62%) Azure Engineer
18 156 (2.99%) Consultant
19 141 (2.70%) Business Intelligence Developer
20 138 (2.64%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 915 (17.52%) .NET
2 452 (8.66%) React
3 411 (7.87%) REST
4 342 (6.55%) AngularJS
5 333 (6.38%) HTML
6 305 (5.84%) Spring
7 295 (5.65%) Kafka
8 286 (5.48%) CSS
9 265 (5.07%) XML
10 241 (4.62%) .NET Framework
11 228 (4.37%) JSON
12 226 (4.33%) .NET Core
13 215 (4.12%) ASP.NET
14 200 (3.83%) Spring Boot
15 191 (3.66%) Web Services
16 185 (3.54%) RESTful
17 158 (3.03%) Node.js
18 132 (2.53%) HTML5
19 121 (2.32%) WPF
20 119 (2.28%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 249 (4.77%) Derivative
2 236 (4.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 209 (4.00%) Equities
4 204 (3.91%) Fixed Income
5 150 (2.87%) Data Structures
6 147 (2.82%) User Experience
7 124 (2.37%) Management Information System
8 104 (1.99%) Algorithms
9 101 (1.93%) Virtual Team
10 95 (1.82%) Greenfield Project
10 95 (1.82%) Self-Motivation
11 73 (1.40%) Data Protection Act
11 73 (1.40%) Legacy Systems
12 72 (1.38%) Reference Data
13 66 (1.26%) Hedge funds
14 65 (1.24%) Clustering
14 65 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
14 65 (1.24%) Public Cloud
15 63 (1.21%) Credit Risk
16 61 (1.17%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 571 (10.93%) Windows
2 540 (10.34%) Linux
3 323 (6.19%) Unix
4 138 (2.64%) Windows Server
5 96 (1.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 38 (0.73%) Windows Server 2008
7 37 (0.71%) Ubuntu
8 35 (0.67%) Windows Server 2012
9 24 (0.46%) Windows Server 2019
10 21 (0.40%) Windows Server 2016
11 19 (0.36%) Windows 10
12 17 (0.33%) Solaris
12 17 (0.33%) VMS
13 16 (0.31%) CentOS
14 15 (0.29%) Oracle Linux
15 13 (0.25%) Debian
16 12 (0.23%) Mesosphere
17 10 (0.19%) Windows 7
18 6 (0.11%) Android
18 6 (0.11%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,670 (31.98%) Agile Software Development
2 958 (18.35%) Business Intelligence
3 954 (18.27%) Analytics
4 863 (16.53%) DevOps
5 736 (14.09%) CI/CD
6 684 (13.10%) ETL
7 610 (11.68%) Data Modelling
8 541 (10.36%) Problem-Solving
9 508 (9.73%) Software Engineering
10 504 (9.65%) Visualisation
11 501 (9.59%) Scrum
12 439 (8.41%) Full Stack Development
13 431 (8.25%) Microservices
14 428 (8.20%) Data Analysis
15 420 (8.04%) Migration
16 418 (8.00%) Test Automation
17 376 (7.20%) TDD
18 337 (6.45%) SDLC
19 291 (5.57%) Data Science
20 288 (5.52%) Data Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,645 (31.50%) Python
2 1,043 (19.97%) Java
3 1,008 (19.30%) C#
4 671 (12.85%) JavaScript
5 369 (7.07%) T-SQL
6 339 (6.49%) PL/SQL
7 328 (6.28%) TypeScript
8 302 (5.78%) PowerShell
9 242 (4.63%) C++
10 191 (3.66%) R
11 180 (3.45%) Scala
12 150 (2.87%) VBA
13 138 (2.64%) Shell Script
14 115 (2.20%) Java 8
15 104 (1.99%) Bash
16 85 (1.63%) C
17 82 (1.57%) VB
18 73 (1.40%) Go
19 71 (1.36%) VB.NET
20 67 (1.28%) Perl
Qualifications
1 270 (5.17%) Degree
2 242 (4.63%) Security Cleared
3 187 (3.58%) SC Cleared
4 117 (2.24%) Computer Science Degree
5 49 (0.94%) DV Cleared
6 30 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
7 24 (0.46%) Master's Degree
7 24 (0.46%) PhD
8 21 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
8 21 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
9 14 (0.27%) ISTQB
10 13 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
11 11 (0.21%) CIMA
11 11 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 10 (0.19%) AWS Certification
12 10 (0.19%) CISSP
12 10 (0.19%) ISEB
13 9 (0.17%) MCITP
14 8 (0.15%) DBS Check
14 8 (0.15%) Tableau Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 269 (5.15%) QA
2 255 (4.88%) Data Quality
3 61 (1.17%) GDPR
4 53 (1.01%) Accessibility
5 42 (0.80%) MiFID
6 41 (0.79%) EMIR
7 33 (0.63%) Dodd-Frank
8 32 (0.61%) IFRS
9 23 (0.44%) SLA
10 16 (0.31%) PMO
11 13 (0.25%) Actionable Recommendations
11 13 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 11 (0.21%) PCI DSS
13 10 (0.19%) GAAP
13 10 (0.19%) NIST
14 9 (0.17%) WCAG
15 8 (0.15%) Solvency II
16 5 (0.096%) COREP
16 5 (0.096%) GLBA
17 4 (0.077%) NIST 800
System Software
1 407 (7.79%) Docker
2 215 (4.12%) Active Directory
3 86 (1.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 35 (0.67%) vSphere
5 32 (0.61%) HDFS
6 26 (0.50%) Oracle RAC
7 24 (0.46%) Hyper-V
8 19 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
8 19 (0.36%) VMware NSX
9 14 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
10 11 (0.21%) NFS
11 7 (0.13%) OpenAM
11 7 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
12 6 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 6 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.096%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
13 5 (0.096%) Apache Flume
13 5 (0.096%) Platform Symphony
13 5 (0.096%) Samba
14 3 (0.057%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 386 (7.39%) Kubernetes
2 263 (5.04%) Terraform
3 208 (3.98%) Ansible
4 99 (1.90%) BladeLogic
5 81 (1.55%) ITRS Geneos
6 62 (1.19%) Prometheus
7 53 (1.01%) Grafana
8 35 (0.67%) Kibana
8 35 (0.67%) Microsoft Clustering
9 29 (0.56%) Puppet
9 29 (0.56%) SCCM
10 23 (0.44%) Nagios
10 23 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
11 22 (0.42%) Control-M
11 22 (0.42%) Data Guard
12 19 (0.36%) Istio
12 19 (0.36%) vRealize
13 17 (0.33%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 17 (0.33%) vRealize Orchestrator
14 16 (0.31%) Cisco CUCM
Vendors
1 934 (17.89%) Oracle
2 691 (13.23%) Microsoft
3 272 (5.21%) Databricks
4 176 (3.37%) Google
5 125 (2.39%) VMware
6 121 (2.32%) SAP
7 118 (2.26%) TIBCO
8 116 (2.22%) Red Hat
9 96 (1.84%) IBM
10 92 (1.76%) Salesforce.com
11 86 (1.65%) Splunk
12 84 (1.61%) Informatica
13 77 (1.47%) Bloomberg
14 68 (1.30%) Alteryx
15 56 (1.07%) MuleSoft
16 55 (1.05%) Sybase
17 47 (0.90%) Adobe
18 39 (0.75%) Cloudera
18 39 (0.75%) ServiceNow
18 39 (0.75%) Teradata