Period
to 25 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 25 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
25 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 8 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -3 0 +2
Contract jobs citing SQL 1,973 5,298 6,455
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 14.72% 13.71% 14.06%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.13% 28.93% 27.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,512 4,027 4,844
Median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £352 £350 £325
90th Percentile £713 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 39 44
Median hourly rate £35.00 £36.70 £26.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.63% +39.20% +16.87%
10th Percentile £21.60 £16.25 £16.63
90th Percentile £40.00 £55.25 £54.58
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.07 £25.00
% change year-on-year -0.19% +40.26% -7.95%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 6,773 18,313 23,094
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 50.54% 47.38% 50.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,710 13,838 17,596
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £352 £363 £363
90th Percentile £738 £688 £675
England median daily rate £500 £480 £475
% change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 71 118 146
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +16.13% +7.92%
10th Percentile £22.50 £20.72 £18.00
90th Percentile £51.75 £60.90 £62.72
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.13
% change year-on-year -22.22% +6.82% +5.31%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 25 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 25 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 25 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 322 £500 - 227
West London -6 52 £500 +11.11% 56
South London -9 39 £423 -6.11% 10
East London +16 16 £325 -35.00% 47
North London +4 10 £450 +2.27% 6
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 25 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 692 (35.07%) Python
2 668 (33.86%) Finance
3 641 (32.49%) Java
4 638 (32.34%) Agile Software Development
5 516 (26.15%) SQL Server
6 481 (24.38%) Azure
7 418 (21.19%) Banking
8 408 (20.68%) AWS
9 374 (18.96%) DevOps
10 369 (18.70%) Oracle
11 341 (17.28%) C#
12 330 (16.73%) .NET
13 311 (15.76%) JavaScript
14 297 (15.05%) Business Intelligence
15 290 (14.70%) Microservices
16 283 (14.34%) Web Services
17 271 (13.74%) Microsoft
18 270 (13.68%) Analytics
19 264 (13.38%) Front Office
20 260 (13.18%) Docker
21 257 (13.03%) Kubernetes
22 251 (12.72%) Asset Management
23 240 (12.16%) Linux
24 232 (11.76%) Data Warehouse
25 228 (11.56%) Software Engineering
26 217 (11.00%) Git (software)
27 212 (10.75%) Windows
28 205 (10.39%) AngularJS
29 204 (10.34%) Jenkins
30 201 (10.19%) Fixed Income

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (6.44%) Apache
2 116 (5.88%) Apache Spark
3 73 (3.70%) SharePoint
4 63 (3.19%) Confluence
5 52 (2.64%) Tomcat
6 41 (2.08%) Elasticsearch
7 33 (1.67%) WebLogic
8 32 (1.62%) IIS
9 25 (1.27%) SAS
10 18 (0.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 16 (0.81%) CMS
12 14 (0.71%) Oracle Workflow
13 13 (0.66%) Apache Solr
14 12 (0.61%) Apache Airflow
14 12 (0.61%) WebSphere
15 10 (0.51%) MQSeries
15 10 (0.51%) nginx
15 10 (0.51%) WebSphere Application Server
16 9 (0.46%) Red Hat Fuse
17 8 (0.41%) JBoss
Applications
1 118 (5.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 30 (1.52%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 13 (0.66%) Photoshop
5 10 (0.51%) Chatbot
6 7 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.30%) Acrobat
7 6 (0.30%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.20%) RoboHelp
9 1 (0.051%) Camtasia
Business Applications
1 31 (1.57%) Markit EDM
2 26 (1.32%) Eagle PACE
3 15 (0.76%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 12 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
4 12 (0.61%) Oracle EBS
5 10 (0.51%) Oracle ERP
5 10 (0.51%) SunGard Martini
6 7 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
7 6 (0.30%) Northgate Housing
7 6 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 6 (0.30%) thinkFolio
8 5 (0.25%) SAP BPC
8 5 (0.25%) Siebel CRM
9 4 (0.20%) ContrOCC
9 4 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
9 4 (0.20%) HiPortfolio
9 4 (0.20%) Maximo
9 4 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 4 (0.20%) Sentinel
10 3 (0.15%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 481 (24.38%) Azure
2 408 (20.68%) AWS
3 171 (8.67%) Serverless
4 169 (8.57%) GCP
5 157 (7.96%) Power Platform
6 141 (7.15%) AWS Lambda
7 78 (3.95%) Azure Data Factory
8 73 (3.70%) Amazon S3
9 70 (3.55%) Apigee
10 69 (3.50%) Amazon EC2
11 68 (3.45%) Amazon ECS
12 43 (2.18%) PaaS
13 42 (2.13%) SaaS
14 30 (1.52%) OpenShift
15 29 (1.47%) GitHub
16 27 (1.37%) Logic Apps
17 26 (1.32%) Azure Functions
17 26 (1.32%) Office 365
18 25 (1.27%) Azure Active Directory
19 21 (1.06%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 42 (2.13%) SSL
2 40 (2.03%) DNS
3 29 (1.47%) HTTPS
4 24 (1.22%) Firewall
5 22 (1.12%) HTTP
6 16 (0.81%) TCP/IP
7 10 (0.51%) Internet
8 9 (0.46%) SNMP
8 9 (0.46%) VPN
9 7 (0.35%) FTP
9 7 (0.35%) Network Security
9 7 (0.35%) SSH
10 6 (0.30%) DHCP
10 6 (0.30%) RTMP
10 6 (0.30%) SAN
10 6 (0.30%) Skype
11 5 (0.25%) VoIP
12 4 (0.20%) Kerberos
12 4 (0.20%) MPLS
12 4 (0.20%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 516 (26.15%) SQL Server
2 232 (11.76%) Data Warehouse
3 180 (9.12%) NoSQL
4 179 (9.07%) MySQL
5 169 (8.57%) PostgreSQL
6 163 (8.26%) Relational Database
7 152 (7.70%) Power BI
8 149 (7.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 144 (7.30%) Big Data
10 111 (5.63%) MongoDB
11 101 (5.12%) Amazon Redshift
12 93 (4.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 92 (4.66%) Azure SQL Database
14 83 (4.21%) Data Lake
15 79 (4.00%) Oracle Database
16 70 (3.55%) Hadoop
17 62 (3.14%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 60 (3.04%) RDBMS
19 57 (2.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 42 (2.13%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 217 (11.00%) Git (software)
2 204 (10.34%) Jenkins
3 130 (6.59%) GitLab
4 124 (6.28%) JIRA
5 97 (4.92%) Artifactory
6 59 (2.99%) Subversion
7 52 (2.64%) Maven
8 45 (2.28%) JUnit
9 39 (1.98%) Cucumber
10 38 (1.93%) Team Foundation Server
11 36 (1.82%) TeamCity
12 29 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
12 29 (1.47%) Visual Studio
13 27 (1.37%) Selenium
14 22 (1.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 21 (1.06%) Eclipse
15 21 (1.06%) Visual Studio Team System
16 20 (1.01%) Bitbucket
17 19 (0.96%) Oracle APEX
17 19 (0.96%) SonarQube
General
1 668 (33.86%) Finance
2 418 (21.19%) Banking
3 264 (13.38%) Front Office
4 194 (9.83%) Investment Banking
5 91 (4.61%) Back Office
6 87 (4.41%) Public Sector
7 55 (2.79%) Marketing
8 34 (1.72%) Retail
9 27 (1.37%) Financial Institution
10 25 (1.27%) Legal
10 25 (1.27%) Local Government
11 18 (0.91%) Law
12 17 (0.86%) Telecoms
13 16 (0.81%) Advertising
13 16 (0.81%) Games
14 15 (0.76%) Electronics
15 14 (0.71%) Manufacturing
16 11 (0.56%) Police
17 8 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
18 5 (0.25%) French Language
Job Titles
1 898 (45.51%) Developer
2 264 (13.38%) Analyst
3 224 (11.35%) Java Developer
4 179 (9.07%) SQL Developer
5 143 (7.25%) Software Engineer
6 136 (6.89%) Data Engineer
7 126 (6.39%) Architect
8 123 (6.23%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 114 (5.78%) Python Developer
10 105 (5.32%) C# Developer
11 94 (4.76%) Java Engineer
12 90 (4.56%) Business Analyst
13 88 (4.46%) AWS Engineer
14 87 (4.41%) .NET Developer
15 86 (4.36%) Consultant
16 84 (4.26%) Data Analyst
17 82 (4.16%) AWS Developer
18 77 (3.90%) Java Software Engineer
19 73 (3.70%) Java Software Developer
20 69 (3.50%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 330 (16.73%) .NET
2 283 (14.34%) Web Services
3 205 (10.39%) AngularJS
4 159 (8.06%) React
5 157 (7.96%) Spring
6 148 (7.50%) HTML
7 122 (6.18%) REST
8 109 (5.52%) Node.js
9 101 (5.12%) gRPC
10 100 (5.07%) CSS
11 98 (4.97%) Kafka
12 97 (4.92%) XML
13 87 (4.41%) ASP.NET
14 86 (4.36%) .NET Framework
15 73 (3.70%) RESTful
15 73 (3.70%) Swagger
16 72 (3.65%) OAuth
17 63 (3.19%) JSON
18 62 (3.14%) .NET Core
18 62 (3.14%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 201 (10.19%) Fixed Income
2 190 (9.63%) Hedge funds
3 178 (9.02%) Analytical Skills
4 170 (8.62%) Derivative
5 122 (6.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 121 (6.13%) Equities
7 113 (5.73%) Greenfield Project
8 53 (2.69%) User Experience
9 49 (2.48%) Linux Command Line
10 48 (2.43%) Reference Data
11 41 (2.08%) Management Information System
12 40 (2.03%) Data Structures
13 32 (1.62%) Algorithms
14 30 (1.52%) Credit Risk
14 30 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
15 29 (1.47%) Virtual Team
16 23 (1.17%) Cloud Native
16 23 (1.17%) Data Centre
17 22 (1.12%) Enterprise Software
18 21 (1.06%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 240 (12.16%) Linux
2 212 (10.75%) Windows
3 143 (7.25%) Unix
4 64 (3.24%) Windows Server
5 20 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 20 (1.01%) Windows Server 2016
6 17 (0.86%) Apple iOS
7 12 (0.61%) Mac OS X
7 12 (0.61%) Solaris
7 12 (0.61%) Ubuntu
8 11 (0.56%) Android
8 11 (0.56%) Debian
9 10 (0.51%) VMS
10 9 (0.46%) AIX
10 9 (0.46%) CentOS
10 9 (0.46%) Windows 10
10 9 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
11 7 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (0.25%) Windows 7
13 4 (0.20%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 638 (32.34%) Agile Software Development
2 374 (18.96%) DevOps
3 297 (15.05%) Business Intelligence
4 290 (14.70%) Microservices
5 270 (13.68%) Analytics
6 251 (12.72%) Asset Management
7 228 (11.56%) Software Engineering
8 193 (9.78%) Data Modelling
9 180 (9.12%) Investment Management
10 178 (9.02%) Problem-Solving
11 177 (8.97%) Scrum
12 162 (8.21%) ETL
13 151 (7.65%) Migration
14 149 (7.55%) Test Automation
15 148 (7.50%) TDD
16 131 (6.64%) Data Analysis
17 127 (6.44%) SDLC
18 124 (6.28%) Visualisation
19 119 (6.03%) Data Science
20 106 (5.37%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 692 (35.07%) Python
2 641 (32.49%) Java
3 341 (17.28%) C#
4 311 (15.76%) JavaScript
5 169 (8.57%) T-SQL
6 127 (6.44%) PowerShell
7 116 (5.88%) PL/SQL
8 98 (4.97%) C++
9 96 (4.87%) R
10 85 (4.31%) Kotlin
10 85 (4.31%) TypeScript
11 83 (4.21%) VBA
12 80 (4.05%) Scala
13 67 (3.40%) Java 8
14 59 (2.99%) Ruby
15 54 (2.74%) Bash Shell
16 53 (2.69%) Perl
17 50 (2.53%) Shell Script
18 27 (1.37%) PHP
19 26 (1.32%) VB
Qualifications
1 186 (9.43%) Security Cleared
2 143 (7.25%) SC Cleared
3 138 (6.99%) Degree
4 52 (2.64%) Computer Science Degree
5 44 (2.23%) DV Cleared
6 27 (1.37%) Master's Degree
7 26 (1.32%) Sun Certification
8 13 (0.66%) ISEB
9 12 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
10 10 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
11 7 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
12 6 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
12 6 (0.30%) PhD
13 5 (0.25%) ISTQB
13 5 (0.25%) MCSE
14 4 (0.20%) ACCA
14 4 (0.20%) CTC Cleared
14 4 (0.20%) PMI Certification
14 4 (0.20%) SAP Certification
15 3 (0.15%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (3.95%) Data Quality
2 76 (3.85%) QA
3 31 (1.57%) GDPR
4 17 (0.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 14 (0.71%) SLA
6 13 (0.66%) Cyber Essentials
6 13 (0.66%) HIPAA
7 11 (0.56%) MiFID
8 8 (0.41%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.35%) PMO
10 5 (0.25%) ISO 9001
10 5 (0.25%) Solvency II
10 5 (0.25%) WCAG
11 3 (0.15%) COREP
11 3 (0.15%) EMIR
11 3 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 3 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.10%) CDISC
12 2 (0.10%) DICOM
12 2 (0.10%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 260 (13.18%) Docker
2 66 (3.35%) Active Directory
3 21 (1.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.66%) Oracle RAC
5 10 (0.51%) Hyper-V
6 8 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.35%) HDFS
8 4 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.15%) GridGain
9 3 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.10%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 2 (0.10%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.10%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 2 (0.10%) EMC RecoverPoint
10 2 (0.10%) KVM
10 2 (0.10%) LXC
10 2 (0.10%) Varnish
10 2 (0.10%) vSphere
10 2 (0.10%) Xen
10 2 (0.10%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 257 (13.03%) Kubernetes
2 53 (2.69%) Ansible
3 51 (2.58%) Terraform
4 29 (1.47%) Nagios
5 28 (1.42%) Kibana
6 27 (1.37%) Puppet
7 25 (1.27%) Prometheus
8 20 (1.01%) Zipkin
9 19 (0.96%) Opscode Chef
10 18 (0.91%) logstash
11 16 (0.81%) HP Quality Center
12 13 (0.66%) Data Guard
13 11 (0.56%) SCCM
14 10 (0.51%) ITRS Geneos
15 9 (0.46%) Control-M
15 9 (0.46%) Oracle RMAN
16 8 (0.41%) Grafana
17 7 (0.35%) Netcool
17 7 (0.35%) Tivoli
18 5 (0.25%) Salt
Vendors
1 369 (18.70%) Oracle
2 271 (13.74%) Microsoft
3 111 (5.63%) Google
4 100 (5.07%) Tableau
5 70 (3.55%) Databricks
6 64 (3.24%) Bloomberg
7 63 (3.19%) Sybase
8 55 (2.79%) SAP
9 49 (2.48%) Splunk
10 37 (1.88%) Salesforce.com
11 28 (1.42%) Reuters
12 27 (1.37%) Red Hat
13 26 (1.32%) FactSet
13 26 (1.32%) Informatica
13 26 (1.32%) VMware
14 25 (1.27%) Alteryx
14 25 (1.27%) Atlassian
14 25 (1.27%) Cloudera
15 23 (1.17%) IBM
16 18 (0.91%) HP