Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 6 7
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 5,310 6,453 6,481
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 13.59% 14.05% 14.76%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.82% 27.93% 30.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,973 4,812 4,658
London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 45 56
London median hourly rate £40.00 £25.00 £24.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +60.00% +1.51% -21.04%
10th Percentile £17.06 £16.76 £16.00
90th Percentile £59.75 £53.60 £58.75
England median hourly rate £35.07 £27.50 £28.35
% change year-on-year +27.51% -2.98% -5.14%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 18,423 23,105 21,169
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.15% 50.31% 48.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,929 17,600 15,818
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £338
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
England median daily rate £480 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 112 148 152
London median hourly rate £45.00 £38.75 £35.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.13% +9.93% +11.14%
10th Percentile £20.37 £18.41 £17.30
90th Percentile £61.20 £62.63 £51.80
England median hourly rate £44.53 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.03% +5.00% +6.67%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 1,206 £500 - 471
West London +6 240 £438 +9.38% 154
South London +10 176 £450 -5.26% 46
East London -16 65 £500 +5.26% 81
North London +5 25 £433 +11.61% 22
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,738 (32.73%) Agile Software Development
2 1,450 (27.31%) Finance
3 1,368 (25.76%) Python
4 1,313 (24.73%) SQL Server
5 1,101 (20.73%) Azure
6 1,088 (20.49%) C#
7 983 (18.51%) .NET
8 980 (18.46%) Java
9 872 (16.42%) Business Intelligence
10 861 (16.21%) JavaScript
11 849 (15.99%) Microsoft
12 848 (15.97%) Oracle
13 835 (15.73%) ETL
14 784 (14.76%) Data Warehouse
15 745 (14.03%) AWS
16 738 (13.90%) Analytics
17 713 (13.43%) Banking
18 669 (12.60%) DevOps
19 610 (11.49%) TDD
20 586 (11.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
21 570 (10.73%) Data Modelling
22 563 (10.60%) Power Platform
23 549 (10.34%) Analytical Skills
24 541 (10.19%) Power BI
25 536 (10.09%) AngularJS
26 525 (9.89%) Git (software)
27 517 (9.74%) Big Data
28 514 (9.68%) Scrum
29 505 (9.51%) HTML
30 489 (9.21%) Microservices

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 406 (7.65%) Apache Spark
2 180 (3.39%) Confluence
3 160 (3.01%) SharePoint
4 153 (2.88%) SAS
5 131 (2.47%) Elasticsearch
6 122 (2.30%) IIS
7 117 (2.20%) Apache
8 75 (1.41%) Apache Airflow
9 45 (0.85%) CMS
10 38 (0.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 36 (0.68%) WebLogic
12 30 (0.56%) MS Exchange
13 29 (0.55%) Tomcat
14 28 (0.53%) ArcGIS
15 25 (0.47%) WebSphere
16 24 (0.45%) Umbraco
17 23 (0.43%) Skype for Business
18 22 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
18 22 (0.41%) Oracle Workflow
19 21 (0.40%) JBoss
Applications
1 396 (7.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 91 (1.71%) Microsoft Office
3 46 (0.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 40 (0.75%) MS Visio
5 31 (0.58%) Spreadsheet
6 23 (0.43%) SPSS
7 12 (0.23%) Stata
8 7 (0.13%) InfoPath
9 5 (0.094%) Photoshop
10 3 (0.056%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.038%) GNU Octave
11 2 (0.038%) Microsoft Project
12 1 (0.019%) Sketch
12 1 (0.019%) S-PLUS
12 1 (0.019%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 51 (0.96%) Dynamics CRM
2 38 (0.72%) Oracle EBS
3 30 (0.56%) Oracle Receivables
4 26 (0.49%) Dynamics AX
5 22 (0.41%) Oracle EBS R12
6 21 (0.40%) Markit EDM
7 19 (0.36%) Dynamics NAV
7 19 (0.36%) Oracle Payables
8 17 (0.32%) Oracle ERP
9 14 (0.26%) Oracle Assets
9 14 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 14 (0.26%) Temenos T24
10 13 (0.24%) Oracle Cash Management
10 13 (0.24%) Oracle Financials
10 13 (0.24%) Oracle General Ledger
10 13 (0.24%) Oracle Internet Expenses
10 13 (0.24%) Oracle TCA
10 13 (0.24%) PolarLake
11 11 (0.21%) Oracle FAH
11 11 (0.21%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 1,101 (20.73%) Azure
2 745 (14.03%) AWS
3 563 (10.60%) Power Platform
4 359 (6.76%) GCP
5 172 (3.24%) Serverless
6 159 (2.99%) Office 365
7 126 (2.37%) GitHub
8 124 (2.34%) Azure Data Factory
9 109 (2.05%) PaaS
10 103 (1.94%) Amazon S3
11 71 (1.34%) Azure Active Directory
12 69 (1.30%) SaaS
13 67 (1.26%) Dynamics 365
14 62 (1.17%) AWS Lambda
14 62 (1.17%) Cloud Computing
14 62 (1.17%) IaaS
15 51 (0.96%) OpenShift
16 50 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
17 47 (0.89%) Azure Functions
18 42 (0.79%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 69 (1.30%) Firewall
2 67 (1.26%) DNS
3 65 (1.22%) Internet
4 50 (0.94%) HTTP
5 44 (0.83%) WAN
6 43 (0.81%) SAN
7 37 (0.70%) LAN
8 35 (0.66%) FTP
9 31 (0.58%) DHCP
9 31 (0.58%) TCP/IP
10 26 (0.49%) AMQP
11 22 (0.41%) VPN
12 21 (0.40%) Intranet
12 21 (0.40%) Intrusion Detection
13 17 (0.32%) Network Security
14 15 (0.28%) Skype
15 14 (0.26%) NAS
16 13 (0.24%) VoIP
17 12 (0.23%) SSL
17 12 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,313 (24.73%) SQL Server
2 784 (14.76%) Data Warehouse
3 586 (11.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 541 (10.19%) Power BI
5 517 (9.74%) Big Data
6 472 (8.89%) NoSQL
7 388 (7.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 380 (7.16%) PostgreSQL
9 374 (7.04%) Hadoop
10 359 (6.76%) Relational Database
11 293 (5.52%) MySQL
12 283 (5.33%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 254 (4.78%) Oracle Database
14 240 (4.52%) MongoDB
15 226 (4.26%) Azure SQL Database
16 214 (4.03%) Data Lake
17 186 (3.50%) Apache Hive
18 139 (2.62%) RDBMS
19 134 (2.52%) Amazon Redshift
20 121 (2.28%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 525 (9.89%) Git (software)
2 385 (7.25%) JIRA
3 362 (6.82%) Jenkins
4 173 (3.26%) Selenium
5 151 (2.84%) TeamCity
6 130 (2.45%) Team Foundation Server
7 109 (2.05%) Visual Studio
8 97 (1.83%) JUnit
9 93 (1.75%) Maven
10 91 (1.71%) Cucumber
11 89 (1.68%) Subversion
12 79 (1.49%) NUnit
13 78 (1.47%) Visual Studio Team System
14 74 (1.39%) Octopus Deploy
14 74 (1.39%) SpecFlow
15 68 (1.28%) Bitbucket
16 51 (0.96%) gulp
17 47 (0.89%) Oracle Forms
18 46 (0.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 44 (0.83%) Gradle
General
1 1,450 (27.31%) Finance
2 713 (13.43%) Banking
3 271 (5.10%) Front Office
4 225 (4.24%) Investment Banking
5 183 (3.45%) Retail
6 137 (2.58%) Marketing
7 120 (2.26%) Public Sector
8 104 (1.96%) Financial Institution
9 99 (1.86%) Legal
10 90 (1.69%) Back Office
11 57 (1.07%) Advertising
12 51 (0.96%) Games
13 49 (0.92%) Law
14 48 (0.90%) Telecoms
15 45 (0.85%) Publishing
16 37 (0.70%) Retail Banking
17 27 (0.51%) Billing
18 14 (0.26%) Manufacturing
19 13 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
20 11 (0.21%) French Language
Job Titles
1 2,490 (46.89%) Developer
2 747 (14.07%) Analyst
3 496 (9.34%) SQL Developer
4 449 (8.46%) Data Engineer
5 346 (6.52%) .NET Developer
6 340 (6.40%) C# Developer
7 307 (5.78%) Java Developer
8 260 (4.90%) Data Analyst
9 245 (4.61%) Business Intelligence Developer
10 241 (4.54%) Architect
11 234 (4.41%) Python Developer
12 231 (4.35%) Senior Developer
13 230 (4.33%) Full Stack Developer
14 182 (3.43%) Data Scientist
15 175 (3.30%) Consultant
16 158 (2.98%) DBA
17 156 (2.94%) SQL Analyst
18 152 (2.86%) C# .NET Developer
19 150 (2.82%) Python Engineer
20 147 (2.77%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 983 (18.51%) .NET
2 536 (10.09%) AngularJS
3 505 (9.51%) HTML
4 425 (8.00%) CSS
5 349 (6.57%) REST
6 321 (6.05%) Web Services
7 309 (5.82%) React
8 270 (5.08%) Spring
9 266 (5.01%) Kafka
10 263 (4.95%) XML
11 259 (4.88%) JSON
12 247 (4.65%) RESTful
13 232 (4.37%) ASP.NET
14 227 (4.27%) .NET Framework
15 215 (4.05%) ASP.NET Web API
16 212 (3.99%) Node.js
17 203 (3.82%) .NET Core
18 171 (3.22%) HTML5
19 147 (2.77%) SOAP
20 139 (2.62%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 549 (10.34%) Analytical Skills
2 221 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
3 157 (2.96%) Derivative
4 152 (2.86%) Algorithms
5 126 (2.37%) Data Structures
6 121 (2.28%) User Experience
7 119 (2.24%) Fixed Income
8 111 (2.09%) Self-Motivation
9 97 (1.83%) Hedge funds
10 90 (1.69%) Equities
11 86 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
12 83 (1.56%) Management Information System
13 81 (1.53%) Replication
14 72 (1.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 63 (1.19%) Public Cloud
16 54 (1.02%) Equity Derivative
17 47 (0.89%) Credit Risk
18 46 (0.87%) Mobile App
19 45 (0.85%) Virtual Team
20 42 (0.79%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 470 (8.85%) Linux
2 418 (7.87%) Windows
3 331 (6.23%) Unix
4 146 (2.75%) Windows Server
5 58 (1.09%) Windows Server 2008
6 56 (1.05%) Windows Server 2012
7 40 (0.75%) Android
7 40 (0.75%) Windows 10
8 39 (0.73%) Apple iOS
9 34 (0.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 25 (0.47%) Solaris
11 22 (0.41%) VMS
12 19 (0.36%) Ubuntu
13 17 (0.32%) CentOS
14 15 (0.28%) Windows 7
15 14 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
16 13 (0.24%) AIX
17 8 (0.15%) SUSE
18 6 (0.11%) HPUX
19 5 (0.094%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,738 (32.73%) Agile Software Development
2 872 (16.42%) Business Intelligence
3 835 (15.73%) ETL
4 738 (13.90%) Analytics
5 669 (12.60%) DevOps
6 610 (11.49%) TDD
7 570 (10.73%) Data Modelling
8 514 (9.68%) Scrum
9 489 (9.21%) Microservices
10 471 (8.87%) Migration
10 471 (8.87%) Problem-Solving
11 461 (8.68%) Data Science
12 443 (8.34%) Test Automation
13 356 (6.70%) Data Analysis
14 335 (6.31%) Machine Learning
15 327 (6.16%) Continuous Integration
16 314 (5.91%) SDLC
17 310 (5.84%) Visualisation
18 300 (5.65%) Software Engineering
19 285 (5.37%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,368 (25.76%) Python
2 1,088 (20.49%) C#
3 980 (18.46%) Java
4 861 (16.21%) JavaScript
5 469 (8.83%) T-SQL
6 357 (6.72%) PL/SQL
7 338 (6.37%) PowerShell
8 265 (4.99%) Scala
9 235 (4.43%) R
10 229 (4.31%) TypeScript
11 193 (3.63%) C++
12 182 (3.43%) Shell Script
12 182 (3.43%) VBA
13 147 (2.77%) Perl
14 113 (2.13%) Ruby
15 110 (2.07%) Bash Shell
16 97 (1.83%) PHP
17 93 (1.75%) VB.NET
18 92 (1.73%) VB
19 91 (1.71%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 353 (6.65%) Degree
2 231 (4.35%) Security Cleared
3 189 (3.56%) SC Cleared
4 87 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
5 52 (0.98%) PhD
6 45 (0.85%) Master's Degree
7 41 (0.77%) Microsoft Certification
8 22 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
8 22 (0.41%) PMI Certification
9 21 (0.40%) DV Cleared
10 19 (0.36%) MCSA
10 19 (0.36%) PMP
11 17 (0.32%) ISTQB
12 15 (0.28%) MCSE
13 13 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
14 11 (0.21%) CCNA
15 10 (0.19%) CCNP
15 10 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
16 9 (0.17%) DBS Check
16 9 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 225 (4.24%) QA
2 189 (3.56%) Data Quality
3 39 (0.73%) GDPR
4 35 (0.66%) MiFID
5 19 (0.36%) SLA
6 14 (0.26%) EMIR
6 14 (0.26%) IFRS
7 10 (0.19%) Dodd-Frank
8 9 (0.17%) COREP
8 9 (0.17%) IFRS 9
8 9 (0.17%) Solvency II
9 7 (0.13%) FINREP
10 6 (0.11%) PMO
11 5 (0.094%) Basel III
11 5 (0.094%) Disclosure Scotland
11 5 (0.094%) HL7
11 5 (0.094%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 5 (0.094%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 4 (0.075%) GAAP
12 4 (0.075%) GMP
System Software
1 397 (7.48%) Docker
2 186 (3.50%) Active Directory
3 61 (1.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 49 (0.92%) HDFS
5 43 (0.81%) Oracle RAC
6 28 (0.53%) VMware ESXi
7 27 (0.51%) Hyper-V
8 25 (0.47%) XenApp
9 21 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
9 21 (0.40%) vSphere
10 15 (0.28%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 12 (0.23%) XenDesktop
12 11 (0.21%) VirtualBox
13 10 (0.19%) Apache Flume
14 9 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
14 9 (0.17%) VMware NSX
15 8 (0.15%) Shibboleth
16 7 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
17 5 (0.094%) Virtual Desktop
18 4 (0.075%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 296 (5.57%) Kubernetes
2 132 (2.49%) Ansible
3 128 (2.41%) Terraform
4 84 (1.58%) SCCM
5 59 (1.11%) Puppet
6 49 (0.92%) Opscode Chef
7 42 (0.79%) Hadoop YARN
8 36 (0.68%) Oozie
9 26 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
10 25 (0.47%) Data Guard
10 25 (0.47%) Microsoft Clustering
11 24 (0.45%) Microsoft Intune
12 21 (0.40%) Control-M
13 20 (0.38%) Kibana
14 18 (0.34%) Mesos
14 18 (0.34%) SCOM
15 16 (0.30%) Marathon
15 16 (0.30%) Tivoli
16 13 (0.24%) Istio
16 13 (0.24%) Salt
Vendors
1 849 (15.99%) Microsoft
2 848 (15.97%) Oracle
3 397 (7.48%) Tableau
4 277 (5.22%) Google
5 118 (2.22%) Salesforce.com
5 118 (2.22%) VMware
6 94 (1.77%) SAP
7 93 (1.75%) IBM
8 91 (1.71%) Informatica
9 87 (1.64%) Sybase
10 68 (1.28%) Alteryx
10 68 (1.28%) Citrix
11 63 (1.19%) Databricks
12 60 (1.13%) MicroStrategy
13 56 (1.05%) Red Hat
14 52 (0.98%) MuleSoft
15 48 (0.90%) Cloudera
16 43 (0.81%) Cognos
17 42 (0.79%) Atlassian
18 41 (0.77%) Cisco