Period
to 19 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 19 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
19 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 6 7
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 4,933 6,297 6,713
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 13.72% 13.67% 14.52%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.09% 27.14% 29.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,650 4,705 4,870
London median daily rate £500 £500 £490
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.04% +8.89%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £319
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
England median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +9.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 37 56
London median hourly rate £39.00 £27.73 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.64% +23.24% -24.22%
10th Percentile £21.24 £15.85 £15.88
90th Percentile £53.08 £51.65 £58.75
England median hourly rate £35.00 £29.50 £28.00
% change year-on-year +18.64% +5.36% -1.75%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,960 23,204 22,490
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.16% 50.39% 48.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,760 17,702 17,036
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +6.95%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £350
90th Percentile £694 £675 £666
England median daily rate £488 £475 £460
% change year-on-year +2.63% +3.26% +8.24%
Number of hourly rates quoted 125 114 152
London median hourly rate £47.00 £37.09 £35.91
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.72% +3.30% +2.59%
10th Percentile £19.61 £18.15 £18.02
90th Percentile £70.80 £61.68 £52.45
England median hourly rate £44.00 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 19 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 1,110 £500 - 443
West London +5 246 £450 +8.43% 155
South London +14 181 £450 -5.26% 47
East London -17 49 £463 -1.86% 77
North London -4 16 £425 -5.56% 14
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 19 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,535 (31.12%) Agile Software Development
2 1,361 (27.59%) Finance
3 1,243 (25.20%) SQL Server
4 1,211 (24.55%) Python
5 1,094 (22.18%) Azure
6 985 (19.97%) Java
7 953 (19.32%) C#
8 885 (17.94%) .NET
9 883 (17.90%) Oracle
10 867 (17.58%) Business Intelligence
11 860 (17.43%) Microsoft
12 759 (15.39%) ETL
13 724 (14.68%) AWS
14 713 (14.45%) JavaScript
15 686 (13.91%) Banking
16 685 (13.89%) Data Warehouse
17 675 (13.68%) Analytics
18 598 (12.12%) DevOps
19 565 (11.45%) TDD
20 564 (11.43%) Power Platform
21 563 (11.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
22 542 (10.99%) Power BI
23 499 (10.12%) Migration
24 496 (10.05%) Data Modelling
25 492 (9.97%) Microservices
26 465 (9.43%) AngularJS
27 458 (9.28%) NoSQL
28 453 (9.18%) Analytical Skills
29 443 (8.98%) Linux
30 441 (8.94%) Git (software)

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 285 (5.78%) Apache Spark
2 176 (3.57%) SharePoint
3 171 (3.47%) Confluence
4 122 (2.47%) Elasticsearch
5 118 (2.39%) IIS
6 110 (2.23%) SAS
7 87 (1.76%) Apache
7 87 (1.76%) WebLogic
8 60 (1.22%) Apache Airflow
9 46 (0.93%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 41 (0.83%) CMS
11 39 (0.79%) JBoss
12 36 (0.73%) Tomcat
13 28 (0.57%) Skype for Business
14 27 (0.55%) MS Exchange
15 24 (0.49%) MQSeries
15 24 (0.49%) Umbraco
16 23 (0.47%) ArcGIS
17 21 (0.43%) BizTalk Server
17 21 (0.43%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 376 (7.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 98 (1.99%) Microsoft Office
3 39 (0.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 38 (0.77%) MS Visio
5 20 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
6 18 (0.36%) SPSS
7 7 (0.14%) Stata
8 5 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
9 4 (0.081%) InfoPath
10 3 (0.061%) GNU Octave
11 2 (0.041%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.041%) XMetaL
12 1 (0.020%) Photoshop
12 1 (0.020%) Sketch
12 1 (0.020%) S-PLUS
12 1 (0.020%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 61 (1.24%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (0.91%) Oracle EBS
3 34 (0.69%) FINCAD Analytics
4 28 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
4 28 (0.57%) Oracle Receivables
5 21 (0.43%) Markit EDM
6 20 (0.41%) Oracle EBS R12
7 16 (0.32%) Dynamics NAV
7 16 (0.32%) Oracle ERP
8 15 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
9 13 (0.26%) Oracle Cash Management
9 13 (0.26%) Oracle Internet Expenses
9 13 (0.26%) Oracle TCA
9 13 (0.26%) PolarLake
9 13 (0.26%) Temenos T24
10 12 (0.24%) NetSuite
10 12 (0.24%) Oracle FAH
10 12 (0.24%) Unit4 Business World
11 11 (0.22%) Oracle Assets
11 11 (0.22%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 1,094 (22.18%) Azure
2 724 (14.68%) AWS
3 564 (11.43%) Power Platform
4 336 (6.81%) GCP
5 166 (3.37%) Azure Data Factory
6 160 (3.24%) Office 365
6 160 (3.24%) Serverless
7 126 (2.55%) GitHub
8 97 (1.97%) PaaS
9 94 (1.91%) Amazon S3
10 70 (1.42%) Dynamics 365
11 66 (1.34%) Azure Functions
12 63 (1.28%) Azure Active Directory
13 58 (1.18%) AWS Lambda
14 56 (1.14%) SaaS
15 55 (1.11%) IaaS
16 51 (1.03%) Data Lake Analytics
17 50 (1.01%) Cloud Computing
18 45 (0.91%) Amazon EC2
19 42 (0.85%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 76 (1.54%) Firewall
2 73 (1.48%) DNS
3 63 (1.28%) LAN
3 63 (1.28%) WAN
4 45 (0.91%) SAN
5 43 (0.87%) HTTP
6 42 (0.85%) DHCP
7 41 (0.83%) TCP/IP
8 38 (0.77%) Internet
9 34 (0.69%) VPN
10 27 (0.55%) FTP
11 22 (0.45%) Intrusion Detection
12 21 (0.43%) AMQP
13 19 (0.39%) VoIP
14 16 (0.32%) SSH
15 14 (0.28%) NAS
15 14 (0.28%) Network Security
15 14 (0.28%) SSL
16 11 (0.22%) Skype
16 11 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,243 (25.20%) SQL Server
2 685 (13.89%) Data Warehouse
3 563 (11.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 542 (10.99%) Power BI
5 458 (9.28%) NoSQL
6 377 (7.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 368 (7.46%) PostgreSQL
8 364 (7.38%) Big Data
9 352 (7.14%) Relational Database
10 307 (6.22%) Hadoop
11 274 (5.55%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 248 (5.03%) Oracle Database
13 238 (4.82%) Azure SQL Database
14 225 (4.56%) MySQL
15 219 (4.44%) Data Lake
16 216 (4.38%) MongoDB
17 153 (3.10%) RDBMS
18 125 (2.53%) Apache Hive
19 119 (2.41%) Amazon Redshift
20 103 (2.09%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 441 (8.94%) Git (software)
2 367 (7.44%) JIRA
3 289 (5.86%) Jenkins
4 151 (3.06%) Selenium
5 129 (2.62%) TeamCity
6 119 (2.41%) Team Foundation Server
7 114 (2.31%) Visual Studio
8 106 (2.15%) Maven
9 94 (1.91%) JUnit
10 90 (1.82%) Subversion
11 82 (1.66%) Cucumber
12 74 (1.50%) Octopus Deploy
13 70 (1.42%) NUnit
14 62 (1.26%) SpecFlow
15 51 (1.03%) Bitbucket
16 46 (0.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 44 (0.89%) Gradle
18 43 (0.87%) gulp
19 42 (0.85%) Eclipse
20 41 (0.83%) Ant
General
1 1,361 (27.59%) Finance
2 686 (13.91%) Banking
3 307 (6.22%) Front Office
4 213 (4.32%) Investment Banking
5 154 (3.12%) Retail
6 120 (2.43%) Public Sector
7 103 (2.09%) Marketing
8 99 (2.01%) Legal
9 73 (1.48%) Back Office
10 64 (1.30%) Law
11 56 (1.14%) Financial Institution
12 48 (0.97%) Telecoms
13 38 (0.77%) Advertising
13 38 (0.77%) Games
14 37 (0.75%) Publishing
15 30 (0.61%) Retail Banking
16 23 (0.47%) Billing
17 17 (0.34%) Manufacturing
18 15 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
19 14 (0.28%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 2,324 (47.11%) Developer
2 756 (15.33%) Analyst
3 455 (9.22%) SQL Developer
4 333 (6.75%) Data Engineer
5 329 (6.67%) C# Developer
6 316 (6.41%) .NET Developer
7 300 (6.08%) Java Developer
8 277 (5.62%) Architect
9 272 (5.51%) Data Analyst
10 240 (4.87%) Senior Developer
11 236 (4.78%) Business Intelligence Developer
12 213 (4.32%) Python Developer
13 192 (3.89%) Full Stack Developer
14 178 (3.61%) Consultant
15 152 (3.08%) SQL Analyst
16 146 (2.96%) C# .NET Developer
17 136 (2.76%) Business Analyst
18 133 (2.70%) Data Scientist
18 133 (2.70%) DBA
19 120 (2.43%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 885 (17.94%) .NET
2 465 (9.43%) AngularJS
3 413 (8.37%) HTML
4 369 (7.48%) CSS
5 319 (6.47%) Web Services
6 306 (6.20%) REST
7 286 (5.80%) React
8 276 (5.59%) XML
9 264 (5.35%) Spring
10 251 (5.09%) JSON
11 222 (4.50%) ASP.NET
12 192 (3.89%) RESTful
13 191 (3.87%) Node.js
14 189 (3.83%) .NET Framework
15 186 (3.77%) Kafka
16 180 (3.65%) ASP.NET Web API
17 150 (3.04%) .NET Core
18 126 (2.55%) HTML5
19 125 (2.53%) SOAP
20 118 (2.39%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 453 (9.18%) Analytical Skills
2 198 (4.01%) Greenfield Project
3 190 (3.85%) Derivative
4 161 (3.26%) Fixed Income
5 129 (2.62%) Algorithms
6 128 (2.59%) Data Structures
7 122 (2.47%) Equities
8 116 (2.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 103 (2.09%) Hedge funds
10 101 (2.05%) User Experience
11 99 (2.01%) Self-Motivation
12 89 (1.80%) Equity Derivative
13 80 (1.62%) Management Information System
14 77 (1.56%) Public Cloud
15 74 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
16 69 (1.40%) Virtual Team
17 66 (1.34%) Replication
18 45 (0.91%) Credit Risk
19 42 (0.85%) Reference Data
20 41 (0.83%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 443 (8.98%) Linux
2 417 (8.45%) Windows
3 312 (6.32%) Unix
4 141 (2.86%) Windows Server
5 74 (1.50%) Windows Server 2008
6 64 (1.30%) Windows Server 2012
7 44 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 41 (0.83%) Windows 10
9 35 (0.71%) Android
10 29 (0.59%) Apple iOS
11 27 (0.55%) Solaris
11 27 (0.55%) VMS
12 22 (0.45%) AIX
13 20 (0.41%) Windows Server 2003
14 17 (0.34%) Windows 7
15 16 (0.32%) Ubuntu
16 13 (0.26%) CentOS
17 8 (0.16%) SUSE
18 7 (0.14%) Mac OS X
19 6 (0.12%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,535 (31.12%) Agile Software Development
2 867 (17.58%) Business Intelligence
3 759 (15.39%) ETL
4 675 (13.68%) Analytics
5 598 (12.12%) DevOps
6 565 (11.45%) TDD
7 499 (10.12%) Migration
8 496 (10.05%) Data Modelling
9 492 (9.97%) Microservices
10 423 (8.57%) Scrum
11 418 (8.47%) Problem-Solving
12 385 (7.80%) Test Automation
13 361 (7.32%) Data Science
14 331 (6.71%) Data Analysis
15 314 (6.37%) Software Engineering
16 310 (6.28%) Visualisation
17 275 (5.57%) MVC
18 272 (5.51%) Continuous Integration
19 261 (5.29%) Machine Learning
20 251 (5.09%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,211 (24.55%) Python
2 985 (19.97%) Java
3 953 (19.32%) C#
4 713 (14.45%) JavaScript
5 434 (8.80%) T-SQL
6 386 (7.82%) PL/SQL
7 284 (5.76%) PowerShell
8 254 (5.15%) Scala
9 208 (4.22%) R
10 189 (3.83%) C++
11 161 (3.26%) TypeScript
12 153 (3.10%) VBA
13 144 (2.92%) Shell Script
14 120 (2.43%) Perl
15 100 (2.03%) Ruby
16 88 (1.78%) Bash Shell
17 83 (1.68%) Java 8
18 75 (1.52%) VB
19 72 (1.46%) VB.NET
20 67 (1.36%) PHP
Qualifications
1 287 (5.82%) Degree
2 263 (5.33%) Security Cleared
3 213 (4.32%) SC Cleared
4 71 (1.44%) Computer Science Degree
5 47 (0.95%) PhD
6 44 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
7 40 (0.81%) Master's Degree
8 28 (0.57%) DV Cleared
9 22 (0.45%) MCSA
10 18 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
11 17 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
11 17 (0.34%) MCSE
12 15 (0.30%) CCNA
13 14 (0.28%) ISTQB
14 12 (0.24%) CCNP
15 11 (0.22%) Citrix Certification
15 11 (0.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 9 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
16 9 (0.18%) PMI Certification
17 8 (0.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 190 (3.85%) QA
2 149 (3.02%) Data Quality
3 36 (0.73%) MiFID
4 30 (0.61%) GDPR
5 23 (0.47%) SLA
6 16 (0.32%) EMIR
7 10 (0.20%) Dodd-Frank
8 8 (0.16%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 8 (0.16%) IFRS
8 8 (0.16%) PMO
9 6 (0.12%) COREP
9 6 (0.12%) HL7
9 6 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 6 (0.12%) WCAG
10 5 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
10 5 (0.10%) Solvency II
11 4 (0.081%) GAAP
11 4 (0.081%) GMP
12 3 (0.061%) Basel III
12 3 (0.061%) FINREP
System Software
1 360 (7.30%) Docker
2 201 (4.07%) Active Directory
3 74 (1.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 43 (0.87%) HDFS
5 38 (0.77%) Oracle RAC
6 35 (0.71%) Virtual Machines
7 31 (0.63%) Hyper-V
8 30 (0.61%) VMware ESXi
9 22 (0.45%) XenApp
10 19 (0.39%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 17 (0.34%) vSphere
12 15 (0.30%) XenDesktop
13 12 (0.24%) VirtualBox
14 11 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
15 7 (0.14%) Apache Flume
15 7 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
16 6 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
17 5 (0.10%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
18 4 (0.081%) GridGain
18 4 (0.081%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 257 (5.21%) Kubernetes
2 115 (2.33%) Terraform
3 96 (1.95%) Ansible
4 71 (1.44%) SCCM
5 47 (0.95%) Puppet
6 46 (0.93%) Opscode Chef
7 40 (0.81%) Hadoop YARN
8 28 (0.57%) Data Guard
9 24 (0.49%) Microsoft Intune
10 23 (0.47%) Kibana
11 20 (0.41%) Microsoft Clustering
11 20 (0.41%) Tivoli
12 18 (0.36%) Control-M
12 18 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
13 17 (0.34%) SCOM
14 14 (0.28%) Salt
15 13 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
15 13 (0.26%) Istio
15 13 (0.26%) ITRS Geneos
15 13 (0.26%) Nagios
Vendors
1 883 (17.90%) Oracle
2 860 (17.43%) Microsoft
3 353 (7.16%) Tableau
4 262 (5.31%) Google
5 125 (2.53%) Sybase
6 118 (2.39%) VMware
7 108 (2.19%) SAP
8 87 (1.76%) Informatica
9 86 (1.74%) Red Hat
10 80 (1.62%) Databricks
11 76 (1.54%) IBM
12 74 (1.50%) Salesforce.com
13 65 (1.32%) MicroStrategy
14 63 (1.28%) MuleSoft
15 61 (1.24%) Cognos
16 59 (1.20%) Alteryx
17 55 (1.11%) Citrix
18 45 (0.91%) Teradata
19 44 (0.89%) Cisco
20 41 (0.83%) Sitecore