Period
to 19 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 19 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > London
6 months to
19 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 5 6
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 5,684 6,454 5,548
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 13.47% 13.98% 13.72%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.21% 28.91% 30.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,183 4,721 3,938
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £330 £313 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
England median daily rate £450 £438 £410
% change year-on-year +2.86% +6.70% +2.51%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 76 45
London median hourly rate £28.25 £26.60 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.22% -36.68% +74.09%
10th Percentile £20.00 £16.13 £17.20
90th Percentile £55.85 £58.13 £49.68
England median hourly rate £26.91 £26.78 £37.50
% change year-on-year +0.49% -28.60% +29.31%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 20,152 22,324 18,474
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 47.74% 48.36% 45.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,188 17,073 13,773
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.81%
10th Percentile £363 £356 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
England median daily rate £480 £475 £438
% change year-on-year +1.05% +8.57% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 127 211 122
London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -20.45% +64.23%
10th Percentile £19.57 £17.75 £18.61
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.50 £57.35
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% -2.44% +5.81%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 19 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in London over the 6 months to 19 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the London region over the 6 months to 19 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +1 1,326 £500 +2.56% 272
West London +3 227 £425 - 76
East London -6 150 £525 +16.67% 39
South London -8 132 £475 +24.59% 20
North London -10 22 £450 +16.13% 10
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 19 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,825 (32.11%) Agile Software Development
2 1,620 (28.50%) Finance
3 1,471 (25.88%) SQL Server
4 1,283 (22.57%) Python
5 1,239 (21.80%) Microsoft Azure
6 1,225 (21.55%) C#
7 1,088 (19.14%) .NET
8 1,079 (18.98%) Java
9 974 (17.14%) Microsoft
10 964 (16.96%) JavaScript
11 905 (15.92%) Business Intelligence
12 884 (15.55%) Analytics
13 881 (15.50%) Oracle
14 770 (13.55%) Banking
15 766 (13.48%) Data Warehouse
16 752 (13.23%) ETL
17 746 (13.12%) Amazon AWS
18 668 (11.75%) Git (software)
19 654 (11.51%) Analytical Skills
20 637 (11.21%) NoSQL
21 615 (10.82%) Test Automation
22 613 (10.78%) DevOps
23 606 (10.66%) T-SQL
24 594 (10.45%) TDD
25 574 (10.10%) HTML
26 568 (9.99%) Linux
27 566 (9.96%) Scrum
28 564 (9.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
29 530 (9.32%) AngularJS
30 528 (9.29%) Big Data

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 328 (5.77%) Apache Spark
2 180 (3.17%) SharePoint
3 168 (2.96%) Confluence
4 153 (2.69%) Apache
5 148 (2.60%) IIS
6 144 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
7 129 (2.27%) SAS
8 85 (1.50%) Tomcat
9 63 (1.11%) CMS
10 62 (1.09%) nginx
11 60 (1.06%) WebSphere
12 54 (0.95%) WebLogic
13 45 (0.79%) MS Exchange
14 39 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 37 (0.65%) JBoss
16 31 (0.55%) Apache Airflow
17 28 (0.49%) Umbraco
18 27 (0.48%) Mule
19 24 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
19 24 (0.42%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 462 (8.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 121 (2.13%) Microsoft Office
3 74 (1.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 34 (0.60%) MS Visio
4 34 (0.60%) Spreadsheet
5 29 (0.51%) Microsoft Project
6 13 (0.23%) SPSS
7 7 (0.12%) Photoshop
8 6 (0.11%) Stata
9 5 (0.088%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.035%) LaTeX
10 2 (0.035%) Weka
11 1 (0.018%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.018%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.018%) HipChat
11 1 (0.018%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.018%) InVision
11 1 (0.018%) LightWave 3D
11 1 (0.018%) Mathematica
Business Applications
1 65 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 32 (0.56%) Oracle EBS
3 27 (0.48%) Markit EDM
4 26 (0.46%) Oracle EBS R12
5 23 (0.40%) SAP ERP
6 19 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
7 18 (0.32%) Dynamics NAV
8 17 (0.30%) Oracle Financials
9 15 (0.26%) Maximo
9 15 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
10 12 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
10 12 (0.21%) Oracle Receivables
10 12 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 11 (0.19%) FastStats
11 11 (0.19%) Oracle Retail
11 11 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 10 (0.18%) Actimize
13 9 (0.16%) Oracle General Ledger
13 9 (0.16%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
13 9 (0.16%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,239 (21.80%) Microsoft Azure
2 746 (13.12%) Amazon AWS
3 270 (4.75%) Google Cloud Platform
4 195 (3.43%) PaaS
5 158 (2.78%) Serverless
6 141 (2.48%) Azure Data Factory
7 128 (2.25%) Office 365
8 126 (2.22%) SaaS
9 115 (2.02%) GitHub
10 109 (1.92%) IaaS
11 99 (1.74%) Azure Active Directory
12 65 (1.14%) Amazon S3
13 59 (1.04%) Azure Functions
14 57 (1.00%) Dynamics 365
15 52 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
16 50 (0.88%) Amazon EC2
17 47 (0.83%) AWS Lambda
18 45 (0.79%) Google Analytics
19 33 (0.58%) Azure ExpressRoute
20 32 (0.56%) Data Lake Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 121 (2.13%) Firewall
2 105 (1.85%) DNS
3 95 (1.67%) HTTP
4 83 (1.46%) Internet
5 70 (1.23%) SAN
6 69 (1.21%) VPN
7 52 (0.91%) TCP/IP
8 48 (0.84%) WAN
9 39 (0.69%) LAN
10 38 (0.67%) AMQP
11 37 (0.65%) DHCP
12 32 (0.56%) FTP
12 32 (0.56%) SSL
13 22 (0.39%) MPLS
14 21 (0.37%) Cisco ASA
15 20 (0.35%) Kerberos
16 19 (0.33%) Intranet
17 17 (0.30%) Network Security
17 17 (0.30%) Reverse Proxy
17 17 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,471 (25.88%) SQL Server
2 766 (13.48%) Data Warehouse
3 637 (11.21%) NoSQL
4 564 (9.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 528 (9.29%) Big Data
6 482 (8.48%) Power BI
7 420 (7.39%) Relational Database
8 384 (6.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 344 (6.05%) Hadoop
10 338 (5.95%) PostgreSQL
11 314 (5.52%) MongoDB
12 301 (5.30%) MySQL
13 292 (5.14%) Azure SQL Database
14 258 (4.54%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 232 (4.08%) Oracle Database
16 172 (3.03%) Data Lake
17 168 (2.96%) Apache Hive
18 148 (2.60%) RDBMS
19 136 (2.39%) Apache Cassandra
20 135 (2.38%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 668 (11.75%) Git (software)
2 423 (7.44%) Jenkins
3 422 (7.42%) JIRA
4 270 (4.75%) Selenium
5 212 (3.73%) Team Foundation Server
6 176 (3.10%) Visual Studio
7 171 (3.01%) Visual Studio Team System
8 169 (2.97%) TeamCity
9 155 (2.73%) Cucumber
10 149 (2.62%) Maven
11 136 (2.39%) SpecFlow
12 129 (2.27%) Subversion
13 112 (1.97%) JUnit
14 111 (1.95%) Bitbucket
15 95 (1.67%) Octopus Deploy
16 61 (1.07%) NUnit
17 60 (1.06%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
18 58 (1.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 56 (0.99%) GitLab
20 48 (0.84%) Gradle
General
1 1,620 (28.50%) Finance
2 770 (13.55%) Banking
3 341 (6.00%) Front Office
4 264 (4.64%) Investment Banking
5 240 (4.22%) Retail
6 213 (3.75%) Marketing
7 105 (1.85%) Legal
8 99 (1.74%) Back Office
9 98 (1.72%) Financial Institution
10 65 (1.14%) Games
11 62 (1.09%) Advertising
12 58 (1.02%) Law
13 39 (0.69%) Telecoms
14 35 (0.62%) Publishing
15 30 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
16 27 (0.48%) Retail Banking
17 26 (0.46%) French Language
18 22 (0.39%) Billing
19 21 (0.37%) Manufacturing
20 20 (0.35%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 2,573 (45.27%) Developer
2 830 (14.60%) Analyst
3 503 (8.85%) SQL Developer
4 429 (7.55%) C# Developer
5 409 (7.20%) .NET Developer
6 356 (6.26%) Data Engineer
7 342 (6.02%) Java Developer
8 299 (5.26%) Architect
9 269 (4.73%) Python Developer
10 268 (4.71%) Data Analyst
11 267 (4.70%) Senior Developer
12 216 (3.80%) Consultant
13 212 (3.73%) Full Stack Developer
14 186 (3.27%) Business Intelligence Developer
14 186 (3.27%) SQL Analyst
15 178 (3.13%) C# .NET Developer
16 164 (2.89%) Business Analyst
17 151 (2.66%) Data Scientist
18 136 (2.39%) DevOps Engineer
19 127 (2.23%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,088 (19.14%) .NET
2 574 (10.10%) HTML
3 530 (9.32%) AngularJS
4 500 (8.80%) CSS
5 379 (6.67%) REST
6 369 (6.49%) React
7 362 (6.37%) Web Services
8 347 (6.10%) XML
9 322 (5.67%) Spring
10 314 (5.52%) RESTful
11 312 (5.49%) ASP.NET
12 293 (5.15%) JSON
13 271 (4.77%) Kafka
14 254 (4.47%) ASP.NET Web API
15 253 (4.45%) .NET Framework
16 248 (4.36%) Node.js
17 227 (3.99%) HTML5
18 185 (3.25%) jQuery
19 179 (3.15%) .NET Core
20 162 (2.85%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 654 (11.51%) Analytical Skills
2 269 (4.73%) Greenfield Project
3 258 (4.54%) Fintech
4 225 (3.96%) Algorithms
5 182 (3.20%) Fixed Income
6 172 (3.03%) Data Structures
7 162 (2.85%) Derivative
8 145 (2.55%) Hedge funds
9 130 (2.29%) User Experience
10 122 (2.15%) Self-Motivation
11 91 (1.60%) Enterprise Software
11 91 (1.60%) Replication
12 88 (1.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 85 (1.50%) Equities
14 71 (1.25%) Data Centre
15 67 (1.18%) Management Information System
16 52 (0.91%) NHS
17 49 (0.86%) Mobile App
18 46 (0.81%) Clustering
18 46 (0.81%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 568 (9.99%) Linux
2 465 (8.18%) Windows
3 412 (7.25%) Unix
4 153 (2.69%) Windows Server
5 65 (1.14%) Windows Server 2012
6 64 (1.13%) Windows Server 2008
7 48 (0.84%) Apple iOS
8 45 (0.79%) Android
9 40 (0.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 38 (0.67%) Ubuntu
11 31 (0.55%) Solaris
12 29 (0.51%) Windows 10
13 27 (0.48%) Windows 7
14 22 (0.39%) CentOS
15 21 (0.37%) CoreOS
16 15 (0.26%) AIX
16 15 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
17 11 (0.19%) VMS
18 9 (0.16%) Fedora
19 8 (0.14%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,825 (32.11%) Agile Software Development
2 905 (15.92%) Business Intelligence
3 884 (15.55%) Analytics
4 752 (13.23%) ETL
5 615 (10.82%) Test Automation
6 613 (10.78%) DevOps
7 594 (10.45%) TDD
8 566 (9.96%) Scrum
9 528 (9.29%) Data Modelling
10 488 (8.59%) Problem-Solving
11 482 (8.48%) Microservices
12 421 (7.41%) Data Science
13 407 (7.16%) Continuous Integration
14 384 (6.76%) Migration
15 379 (6.67%) BDD
16 367 (6.46%) Visualisation
17 340 (5.98%) Data Analysis
18 338 (5.95%) MVC
19 330 (5.81%) SDLC
20 324 (5.70%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,283 (22.57%) Python
2 1,225 (21.55%) C#
3 1,079 (18.98%) Java
4 964 (16.96%) JavaScript
5 606 (10.66%) T-SQL
6 395 (6.95%) PowerShell
7 336 (5.91%) PL/SQL
8 257 (4.52%) R
9 243 (4.28%) VBA
10 234 (4.12%) Scala
11 200 (3.52%) C++
12 164 (2.89%) Bash Shell
13 141 (2.48%) TypeScript
14 130 (2.29%) Perl
15 128 (2.25%) Ruby
16 122 (2.15%) Shell Script
17 115 (2.02%) VB
18 108 (1.90%) PHP
19 102 (1.79%) Go
20 101 (1.78%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 418 (7.35%) Degree
2 204 (3.59%) Security Cleared
3 155 (2.73%) SC Cleared
4 87 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
5 63 (1.11%) Master's Degree
6 53 (0.93%) PhD
7 37 (0.65%) ISTQB
8 34 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
9 23 (0.40%) DV Cleared
9 23 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
10 22 (0.39%) ISEB
11 19 (0.33%) ITIL Certification
12 16 (0.28%) ACCA
12 16 (0.28%) MCSE
13 14 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 12 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
15 11 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
16 10 (0.18%) Sun Certification
17 8 (0.14%) AWS Certification
17 8 (0.14%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 320 (5.63%) QA
2 235 (4.13%) Data Quality
3 43 (0.76%) GDPR
4 41 (0.72%) SLA
5 20 (0.35%) MiFID
6 16 (0.28%) IFRS
7 14 (0.25%) Basel III
8 12 (0.21%) Solvency II
9 11 (0.19%) IFRS 9
10 10 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
11 8 (0.14%) PCI DSS
11 8 (0.14%) PMO
12 7 (0.12%) COREP
12 7 (0.12%) FINREP
12 7 (0.12%) PSD2
13 6 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
14 5 (0.088%) EMIR
14 5 (0.088%) ISO 20022
14 5 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 4 (0.070%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 456 (8.02%) Docker
2 240 (4.22%) Active Directory
3 80 (1.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 58 (1.02%) Virtual Machines
5 41 (0.72%) Hyper-V
6 37 (0.65%) VMware ESXi
7 36 (0.63%) HDFS
8 35 (0.62%) Oracle RAC
9 31 (0.55%) Apache Flume
9 31 (0.55%) XenApp
10 20 (0.35%) Ceph
11 18 (0.32%) etcd
12 16 (0.28%) flannel
12 16 (0.28%) SkyDNS
13 15 (0.26%) GlusterFS
14 13 (0.23%) Shibboleth
15 12 (0.21%) VMware NSX
16 10 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
16 10 (0.18%) XenDesktop
17 7 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 318 (5.59%) Kubernetes
2 142 (2.50%) Ansible
3 113 (1.99%) Terraform
4 102 (1.79%) Puppet
5 95 (1.67%) SCCM
6 68 (1.20%) Opscode Chef
7 53 (0.93%) Oozie
8 48 (0.84%) Single Sign-On
9 46 (0.81%) Kibana
10 38 (0.67%) SCOM
11 33 (0.58%) Control-M
12 31 (0.55%) Prometheus
12 31 (0.55%) rkt
13 28 (0.49%) Sysdig
14 27 (0.48%) Grafana
14 27 (0.48%) NetBackup
15 26 (0.46%) HAProxy
16 25 (0.44%) Graphite
17 24 (0.42%) Failover Clustering
18 22 (0.39%) logstash
Vendors
1 974 (17.14%) Microsoft
2 881 (15.50%) Oracle
3 363 (6.39%) Tableau
4 247 (4.35%) Google
5 149 (2.62%) VMware
6 100 (1.76%) SAP
7 93 (1.64%) IBM
8 92 (1.62%) Salesforce.com
9 85 (1.50%) Informatica
9 85 (1.50%) Splunk
10 81 (1.43%) Citrix
11 67 (1.18%) Cisco
12 60 (1.06%) ServiceNow
13 58 (1.02%) Atlassian
14 53 (0.93%) Alteryx
15 50 (0.88%) Databricks
16 47 (0.83%) Adobe
16 47 (0.83%) Bloomberg
17 46 (0.81%) Sybase
18 44 (0.77%) Cognos