Period
to 18 July 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
England > London
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 432 425 437
Rank change year-on-year -7 +12 +41
Contract jobs citing PKI 154 213 167
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.38% 0.46% 0.40%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.07% 1.28% 1.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 119 164 110
London median daily rate £600 £550 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.09% +10.00% -
10th Percentile £444 £363 £350
90th Percentile £740 £738 £650
England median daily rate £525 £488 £469
% change year-on-year +7.69% +3.94% -2.80%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
London median hourly rate - £42.50 -
England median hourly rate £12.00 £36.75 £50.00
% change year-on-year -67.35% -26.50% +88.15%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 14,394 16,577 15,386
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 35.19% 35.88% 36.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,101 11,783 10,824
London median daily rate £525 £505 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.96% +1.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £306
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 229 264 232
London median hourly rate £24.50 £22.50 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.89% +2.27% +10.00%
10th Percentile £13.45 £13.04 £12.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £50.00
England median hourly rate £20.50 £22.42 £19.66
% change year-on-year -8.56% +14.04% -1.70%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in London over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the London region over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +14 35 £575 -1.29% 9
South London +20 9 £530 +7.07% 1
West London +14 3 £661 +70.45% 1
PKI
England

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PKI.

1 71 (46.10%) Amazon AWS
2 60 (38.96%) Agile Software Development
3 54 (35.06%) Java
3 54 (35.06%) Python
4 46 (29.87%) Linux
4 46 (29.87%) DevOps
5 44 (28.57%) Kubernetes
5 44 (28.57%) Finance
6 42 (27.27%) Docker
7 40 (25.97%) Microsoft Azure
8 37 (24.03%) Terraform
9 33 (21.43%) Ansible
9 33 (21.43%) JIRA
9 33 (21.43%) Microsoft
10 32 (20.78%) VPN
10 32 (20.78%) Unix
10 32 (20.78%) Firewall
11 30 (19.48%) Windows
11 30 (19.48%) SQL
11 30 (19.48%) Information Security
12 29 (18.83%) Security Cleared
13 28 (18.18%) Security Architecture
14 27 (17.53%) Active Directory
14 27 (17.53%) Problem-Solving
15 25 (16.23%) Amazon EC2
15 25 (16.23%) SIEM
16 24 (15.58%) Confluence
16 24 (15.58%) Jenkins
16 24 (15.58%) CISSP
17 23 (14.94%) SC Cleared

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (15.58%) Confluence
2 22 (14.29%) Apache
3 21 (13.64%) nginx
4 17 (11.04%) IIS
5 11 (7.14%) OpenStack
5 11 (7.14%) Tomcat
6 10 (6.49%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (3.90%) Cloud Foundry
7 6 (3.90%) Skype for Business
7 6 (3.90%) WebLogic
8 5 (3.25%) JBoss
9 4 (2.60%) MS Exchange
10 3 (1.95%) Anypoint
10 3 (1.95%) Mule
10 3 (1.95%) SharePoint
10 3 (1.95%) WebSphere
11 2 (1.30%) Apache Solr
11 2 (1.30%) Apache Spark
11 2 (1.30%) Oracle HTTP Server
11 2 (1.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 8 (5.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (3.90%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 6 (3.90%) Microsoft Project
3 5 (3.25%) MS Visio
4 3 (1.95%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (1.30%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.65%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 71 (46.10%) Amazon AWS
2 40 (25.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 25 (16.23%) Amazon EC2
4 22 (14.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
5 21 (13.64%) AWS Lambda
5 21 (13.64%) Serverless
6 18 (11.69%) Amazon S3
7 14 (9.09%) Google Cloud Platform
8 13 (8.44%) PaaS
8 13 (8.44%) SaaS
9 12 (7.79%) Amazon ECS
9 12 (7.79%) AWS CloudFormation
9 12 (7.79%) Route 53
10 10 (6.49%) Office 365
11 9 (5.84%) GitHub
12 8 (5.19%) Apigee
13 7 (4.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 7 (4.55%) Cloud Computing
13 7 (4.55%) CloudFront
14 6 (3.90%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 32 (20.78%) Firewall
1 32 (20.78%) VPN
2 21 (13.64%) DNS
3 20 (12.99%) SSL
4 18 (11.69%) Network Security
5 15 (9.74%) Kerberos
6 14 (9.09%) IPsec
6 14 (9.09%) VLAN
7 13 (8.44%) DHCP
8 9 (5.84%) TCP/IP
8 9 (5.84%) Wireless
9 7 (4.55%) WAN
10 6 (3.90%) BGP
10 6 (3.90%) Cisco ASA
10 6 (3.90%) DMZ
10 6 (3.90%) EIGRP
10 6 (3.90%) Ethernet
10 6 (3.90%) Internet
10 6 (3.90%) LAN
10 6 (3.90%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (7.79%) MongoDB
1 12 (7.79%) PostgreSQL
2 11 (7.14%) Amazon RDS
3 9 (5.84%) MySQL
4 8 (5.19%) NoSQL
4 8 (5.19%) SQL Server
5 5 (3.25%) Big Data
6 3 (1.95%) Data Warehouse
6 3 (1.95%) Power BI
6 3 (1.95%) SQL Server 2008
6 3 (1.95%) SQL Server 2012
7 2 (1.30%) HBase
7 2 (1.30%) Relational Database
8 1 (0.65%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 33 (21.43%) JIRA
2 24 (15.58%) Jenkins
3 16 (10.39%) Git (software)
4 8 (5.19%) SonarQube
5 7 (4.55%) Artifactory
5 7 (4.55%) Maven
6 5 (3.25%) Metasploit
7 4 (2.60%) Ant
7 4 (2.60%) Cobertura
7 4 (2.60%) Gradle
7 4 (2.60%) Snyk
8 3 (1.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 3 (1.95%) CircleCI
9 2 (1.30%) CF BOSH
9 2 (1.30%) Sonatype Nexus
10 1 (0.65%) Bitbucket
10 1 (0.65%) GitLab
10 1 (0.65%) IBM UrbanCode
10 1 (0.65%) IntelliJ
General
1 44 (28.57%) Finance
2 18 (11.69%) Banking
3 13 (8.44%) Legal
4 11 (7.14%) Law
5 7 (4.55%) Investment Banking
6 4 (2.60%) Back Office
6 4 (2.60%) Multimedia
7 2 (1.30%) Publishing
8 1 (0.65%) Advertising
8 1 (0.65%) Games
8 1 (0.65%) Retail
8 1 (0.65%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 58 (37.66%) Architect
2 43 (27.92%) Security Architect
3 15 (9.74%) Developer
4 13 (8.44%) Support Engineer
5 12 (7.79%) Cloud Architect
6 11 (7.14%) AWS Engineer
6 11 (7.14%) DevOps Engineer
6 11 (7.14%) Technical Architect
7 10 (6.49%) Network Engineer
8 8 (5.19%) Cloud Engineer
8 8 (5.19%) Security Engineer
9 6 (3.90%) Applications Architect
9 6 (3.90%) AWS DevOps
9 6 (3.90%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 6 (3.90%) DevOps Engineer - Fintech
9 6 (3.90%) Technical Developer
10 5 (3.25%) Applications Engineer
10 5 (3.25%) DevSecOps Engineer
10 5 (3.25%) Integration Architect
10 5 (3.25%) Lead Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (13.64%) LDAP
2 20 (12.99%) SAML
3 13 (8.44%) XML
4 12 (7.79%) RabbitMQ
5 11 (7.14%) Node.js
5 11 (7.14%) OAuth
6 10 (6.49%) JSON
6 10 (6.49%) OpenID
6 10 (6.49%) WCF
7 9 (5.84%) REST
8 8 (5.19%) .NET
9 7 (4.55%) Middleware
9 7 (4.55%) Spring
10 6 (3.90%) 802.1X
10 6 (3.90%) ModSecurity
10 6 (3.90%) SailPoint
10 6 (3.90%) SPNEGO
10 6 (3.90%) Web Services
10 6 (3.90%) Windows Identity Foundation
11 5 (3.25%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 22 (14.29%) Analytical Skills
2 16 (10.39%) Data Centre
3 14 (9.09%) Greenfield Project
4 13 (8.44%) Cloud Native
4 13 (8.44%) Hybrid Cloud
5 9 (5.84%) Management Information System
6 7 (4.55%) Blackberry
6 7 (4.55%) Public Cloud
7 5 (3.25%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 5 (3.25%) User Experience
8 4 (2.60%) Private Cloud
9 3 (1.95%) Analytical Mindset
9 3 (1.95%) Enterprise Storage
9 3 (1.95%) iPhone
9 3 (1.95%) Mobile App
9 3 (1.95%) Self-Motivation
9 3 (1.95%) Smartcard
10 2 (1.30%) Mobile Banking
10 2 (1.30%) Smart Meter
11 1 (0.65%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 46 (29.87%) Linux
2 32 (20.78%) Unix
3 30 (19.48%) Windows
4 14 (9.09%) Windows Server
5 12 (7.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 7 (4.55%) Windows Server 2012
7 6 (3.90%) CentOS
7 6 (3.90%) Debian
7 6 (3.90%) Windows 10
7 6 (3.90%) Windows 7
7 6 (3.90%) Windows Server 2008
8 5 (3.25%) Solaris
9 4 (2.60%) Kali Linux
9 4 (2.60%) Ubuntu
10 3 (1.95%) Android
11 2 (1.30%) Windows Server 2003
12 1 (0.65%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 60 (38.96%) Agile Software Development
2 46 (29.87%) DevOps
3 30 (19.48%) Information Security
4 28 (18.18%) Security Architecture
5 27 (17.53%) Problem-Solving
6 25 (16.23%) SIEM
7 22 (14.29%) TOGAF
8 21 (13.64%) Cryptography
9 20 (12.99%) Identity Management
10 17 (11.04%) Fintech
10 17 (11.04%) Identity Access Management
11 16 (10.39%) Cybersecurity
11 16 (10.39%) ITIL
12 15 (9.74%) Vulnerability Management
13 14 (9.09%) Risk Management
14 13 (8.44%) Migration
14 13 (8.44%) Test Automation
15 12 (7.79%) Continuous Integration
15 12 (7.79%) Data Protection
15 12 (7.79%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 54 (35.06%) Java
1 54 (35.06%) Python
2 30 (19.48%) SQL
3 18 (11.69%) Go
4 17 (11.04%) C++
5 13 (8.44%) Bash Shell
5 13 (8.44%) JavaScript
6 10 (6.49%) Shell Script
7 8 (5.19%) C
7 8 (5.19%) C#
7 8 (5.19%) PowerShell
7 8 (5.19%) Ruby
8 5 (3.25%) Perl
9 3 (1.95%) Apex Code
9 3 (1.95%) Java 8
10 2 (1.30%) TypeScript
11 1 (0.65%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 29 (18.83%) Security Cleared
2 24 (15.58%) CISSP
3 23 (14.94%) SC Cleared
4 17 (11.04%) AWS Certification
5 10 (6.49%) CISM
5 10 (6.49%) IISP
6 8 (5.19%) CISA
6 8 (5.19%) Degree
7 6 (3.90%) CSSLP
8 5 (3.25%) Cisco Certification
8 5 (3.25%) DV Cleared
8 5 (3.25%) SANS
9 4 (2.60%) CCIE
9 4 (2.60%) CCNP
9 4 (2.60%) CEH
9 4 (2.60%) PhD
10 3 (1.95%) CompTIA Security+
10 3 (1.95%) Computer Science Degree
10 3 (1.95%) GIAC
10 3 (1.95%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (7.79%) PCI DSS
2 7 (4.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (3.25%) GDPR
4 3 (1.95%) COBIT
4 3 (1.95%) ISO/IEC 27005
4 3 (1.95%) NIST
5 2 (1.30%) HIPAA
5 2 (1.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.65%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.65%) PSD2
System Software
1 42 (27.27%) Docker
2 27 (17.53%) Active Directory
3 7 (4.55%) Snort
4 6 (3.90%) Squid
5 4 (2.60%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (1.95%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.65%) Forefront TMG
7 1 (0.65%) iptables
7 1 (0.65%) KVM
7 1 (0.65%) LXC
7 1 (0.65%) OpenDJ
7 1 (0.65%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 44 (28.57%) Kubernetes
2 37 (24.03%) Terraform
3 33 (21.43%) Ansible
4 18 (11.69%) Opscode Chef
5 17 (11.04%) Single Sign-On
6 14 (9.09%) Puppet
7 13 (8.44%) CA Single Sign-On
8 12 (7.79%) CASB
9 8 (5.19%) Packer
10 7 (4.55%) HP Fortify
11 6 (3.90%) FortiGate
11 6 (3.90%) HAProxy
11 6 (3.90%) Kibana
12 5 (3.25%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 5 (3.25%) Nessus
12 5 (3.25%) Network Intrusion Detection System
12 5 (3.25%) Nmap
12 5 (3.25%) Sysdig
13 4 (2.60%) Istio
13 4 (2.60%) Rancher
Vendors
1 33 (21.43%) Microsoft
2 20 (12.99%) CA
3 16 (10.39%) Splunk
4 13 (8.44%) Google
5 11 (7.14%) Atlassian
5 11 (7.14%) Red Hat
6 10 (6.49%) BMC
6 10 (6.49%) Cisco
6 10 (6.49%) Oracle
7 9 (5.84%) Palo Alto
7 9 (5.84%) VMware
8 8 (5.19%) Salesforce.com
9 7 (4.55%) ServiceNow
10 6 (3.90%) Axway
10 6 (3.90%) Dynatrace
10 6 (3.90%) ForgeRock
11 5 (3.25%) CheckPoint
11 5 (3.25%) Fortinet
11 5 (3.25%) Juniper
11 5 (3.25%) Rackspace