Period
to 25 February 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 25 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
England > London
6 months to
25 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 386 466 456
Rank change year-on-year +80 -10 +16
Contract jobs citing PKI 103 162 181
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.36% 0.37% 0.39%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.06% 1.05% 1.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 66 124 127
London median daily rate £550 £575 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.35% +15.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £356 £413 £353
90th Percentile £756 £759 £713
England median daily rate £486 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -2.75% +5.26% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
London median hourly rate - - -
England median hourly rate £53.00 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year +51.43% +7.69% -18.75%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 9,740 15,370 16,915
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 34.35% 35.18% 36.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,748 10,867 12,148
London median daily rate £515 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.90% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £300 £313 £306
90th Percentile £710 £700 £688
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 167 268 261
London median hourly rate £26.48 £23.50 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.68% +2.17% +2.22%
10th Percentile £12.44 £13.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £47.88 £47.83
England median hourly rate £23.00 £21.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year +9.52% -2.33% +10.26%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in London over the 6 months to 25 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the London region over the 6 months to 25 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +54 11 £425 -19.05% 3
South London +33 7 £630 +9.57%
North London - 1 £513 -
PKI
England

For the 6 months to 25 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PKI.

1 45 (43.69%) AWS
2 35 (33.98%) DevOps
3 34 (33.01%) Firewall
4 33 (32.04%) Azure
5 32 (31.07%) Agile Software Development
5 32 (31.07%) Active Directory
6 30 (29.13%) Security Cleared
7 29 (28.16%) Network Security
8 27 (26.21%) Finance
9 26 (25.24%) SC Cleared
10 25 (24.27%) Windows
11 24 (23.30%) Python
12 23 (22.33%) DNS
13 21 (20.39%) Docker
14 20 (19.42%) Single Sign-On
14 20 (19.42%) Microsoft
14 20 (19.42%) Linux
15 19 (18.45%) Cisco
15 19 (18.45%) Data Centre
16 18 (17.48%) Identity Access Management
17 17 (16.50%) Protective Monitoring
18 16 (15.53%) Kubernetes
18 16 (15.53%) Public Sector
18 16 (15.53%) SSL
19 15 (14.56%) Migration
19 15 (14.56%) VPN
19 15 (14.56%) Ansible
19 15 (14.56%) Jenkins
20 14 (13.59%) TCP/IP
20 14 (13.59%) Internet

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (9.71%) Confluence
2 8 (7.77%) Apache
3 4 (3.88%) WebSphere
4 2 (1.94%) IIS
4 2 (1.94%) Skype for Business
5 1 (0.97%) Exchange Server 2003
5 1 (0.97%) Exchange Server 2013
5 1 (0.97%) JBoss
5 1 (0.97%) MS Exchange
5 1 (0.97%) nginx
5 1 (0.97%) Oracle HTTP Server
5 1 (0.97%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 1 (0.97%) SharePoint
5 1 (0.97%) WebLogic
Applications
1 1 (0.97%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.97%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 45 (43.69%) AWS
2 33 (32.04%) Azure
3 13 (12.62%) Azure Active Directory
4 12 (11.65%) PaaS
5 8 (7.77%) IaaS
6 5 (4.85%) SaaS
7 4 (3.88%) Akamai
7 4 (3.88%) GCP
7 4 (3.88%) Serverless
8 3 (2.91%) Amazon EC2
8 3 (2.91%) Amazon ECS
8 3 (2.91%) Apigee
8 3 (2.91%) Cloud Computing
8 3 (2.91%) Office 365
9 2 (1.94%) Cloudflare
9 2 (1.94%) npm
9 2 (1.94%) OpenShift
10 1 (0.97%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 1 (0.97%) AWS Lambda
10 1 (0.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 34 (33.01%) Firewall
2 29 (28.16%) Network Security
3 23 (22.33%) DNS
4 16 (15.53%) SSL
5 15 (14.56%) VPN
6 14 (13.59%) Internet
6 14 (13.59%) TCP/IP
7 11 (10.68%) X.509
8 9 (8.74%) Cisco ASA
8 9 (8.74%) Ethernet
8 9 (8.74%) LAN
8 9 (8.74%) WAN
9 8 (7.77%) BGP
9 8 (7.77%) EIGRP
9 8 (7.77%) IPsec
9 8 (7.77%) MPLS
9 8 (7.77%) Spanning Tree
9 8 (7.77%) VLAN
9 8 (7.77%) Wireless
10 5 (4.85%) Extranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6 (5.83%) MySQL
1 6 (5.83%) PostgreSQL
2 5 (4.85%) Big Data
3 4 (3.88%) SQL Server
4 3 (2.91%) Hadoop
4 3 (2.91%) MongoDB
5 2 (1.94%) Cosmos DB
6 1 (0.97%) Amazon RDS
6 1 (0.97%) Blockchain
6 1 (0.97%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 15 (14.56%) Jenkins
2 10 (9.71%) Git (software)
2 10 (9.71%) JIRA
3 7 (6.80%) GitLab
4 5 (4.85%) Artifactory
5 3 (2.91%) Maven
6 1 (0.97%) Bitbucket Server
6 1 (0.97%) CF BOSH
General
1 27 (26.21%) Finance
2 16 (15.53%) Public Sector
3 8 (7.77%) Banking
3 8 (7.77%) Multimedia
4 3 (2.91%) Telecoms
5 2 (1.94%) Back Office
6 1 (0.97%) Investment Banking
6 1 (0.97%) Local Government
6 1 (0.97%) Manufacturing
6 1 (0.97%) Military
6 1 (0.97%) Police
6 1 (0.97%) Retail
Job Titles
1 16 (15.53%) Architect
2 12 (11.65%) Security Engineer
3 11 (10.68%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 9 (8.74%) DevSecOps Engineer
4 9 (8.74%) Infrastructure Architect
4 9 (8.74%) Network Engineer
5 7 (6.80%) Analyst
5 7 (6.80%) Application Security Specialist
5 7 (6.80%) Applications Specialist
5 7 (6.80%) DevOps Engineer
5 7 (6.80%) Security Specialist
6 6 (5.83%) Consultant
6 6 (5.83%) Web Engineer
7 5 (4.85%) Senior Data Warehouse Specialist
7 5 (4.85%) Senior Security Specialist
7 5 (4.85%) Systems Engineer
8 4 (3.88%) AWS Architect
8 4 (3.88%) AWS Engineer
8 4 (3.88%) Technical Architect
8 4 (3.88%) Windows Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (12.62%) OAuth
1 13 (12.62%) OAuth2
2 11 (10.68%) LDAP
3 10 (9.71%) OpenID
4 9 (8.74%) SAML
5 8 (7.77%) 802.1X
5 8 (7.77%) Node.js
6 6 (5.83%) Keycloak
6 6 (5.83%) Web Services
6 6 (5.83%) XML
7 5 (4.85%) Elastic Stack
7 5 (4.85%) SOAP
8 4 (3.88%) SPNEGO
8 4 (3.88%) XSLT
9 3 (2.91%) REST
10 2 (1.94%) EJB
10 2 (1.94%) Express
10 2 (1.94%) Spring
10 2 (1.94%) Svelte
10 2 (1.94%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 19 (18.45%) Data Centre
2 4 (3.88%) Management Information System
2 4 (3.88%) Private Cloud
3 3 (2.91%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
3 3 (2.91%) IPTV
4 2 (1.94%) Blog
4 2 (1.94%) iPad
4 2 (1.94%) Mobile App
4 2 (1.94%) Online Banking
4 2 (1.94%) User Experience
5 1 (0.97%) Analytical Skills
5 1 (0.97%) Cloud Native
5 1 (0.97%) Driving Licence
5 1 (0.97%) Grid Computing
5 1 (0.97%) Hybrid Cloud
5 1 (0.97%) Self-Motivation
5 1 (0.97%) SWIFT
5 1 (0.97%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 25 (24.27%) Windows
2 20 (19.42%) Linux
3 7 (6.80%) Unix
3 7 (6.80%) Windows 10
3 7 (6.80%) Windows Server
4 3 (2.91%) CentOS
4 3 (2.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 3 (2.91%) Windows Server 2008
5 2 (1.94%) Android
5 2 (1.94%) Mac OS
5 2 (1.94%) Mac OS X
5 2 (1.94%) Windows Server 2012
6 1 (0.97%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 35 (33.98%) DevOps
2 32 (31.07%) Agile Software Development
3 18 (17.48%) Identity Access Management
4 17 (16.50%) Protective Monitoring
5 15 (14.56%) Migration
6 13 (12.62%) Configuration Management
6 13 (12.62%) Open Source
7 12 (11.65%) Load Balancing
8 11 (10.68%) Cybersecurity
8 11 (10.68%) DevSecOps
8 11 (10.68%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 10 (9.71%) Continuous Integration
9 10 (9.71%) Identity Management
10 9 (8.74%) Network Management
10 9 (8.74%) Penetration Testing
11 8 (7.77%) SIEM
12 7 (6.80%) Multi-Factor Authentication
12 7 (6.80%) SDLC
12 7 (6.80%) Security Hardening
13 6 (5.83%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 24 (23.30%) Python
2 13 (12.62%) Bash Shell
2 13 (12.62%) PowerShell
3 11 (10.68%) JavaScript
4 10 (9.71%) Java
5 9 (8.74%) Go
5 9 (8.74%) SQL
6 7 (6.80%) Ruby
7 4 (3.88%) Shell Script
8 2 (1.94%) C
8 2 (1.94%) C#
8 2 (1.94%) Java 8
8 2 (1.94%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 30 (29.13%) Security Cleared
2 26 (25.24%) SC Cleared
3 7 (6.80%) CCNP
3 7 (6.80%) Cisco Certification
3 7 (6.80%) CREST Certified
3 7 (6.80%) OSCP
4 4 (3.88%) CCIE
4 4 (3.88%) CISSP
4 4 (3.88%) Degree
5 3 (2.91%) DV Cleared
6 2 (1.94%) CISM
6 2 (1.94%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (0.97%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.97%) CCSP
7 1 (0.97%) CISA
7 1 (0.97%) GIAC
7 1 (0.97%) GSEC
7 1 (0.97%) ITIL Certification
7 1 (0.97%) VCP6
7 1 (0.97%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (6.80%) ISO/IEC 27001
1 7 (6.80%) NCSC
2 4 (3.88%) COBIT
2 4 (3.88%) PCI DSS
3 3 (2.91%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 2 (1.94%) NIST
5 1 (0.97%) GDPR
5 1 (0.97%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.97%) SEPA
5 1 (0.97%) SLA
5 1 (0.97%) TARGET2
System Software
1 32 (31.07%) Active Directory
2 21 (20.39%) Docker
3 3 (2.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (1.94%) BitLocker
4 2 (1.94%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.97%) Citrix Presentation Server
5 1 (0.97%) DFS Replication
5 1 (0.97%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.97%) UAG
5 1 (0.97%) vSphere
5 1 (0.97%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 20 (19.42%) Single Sign-On
2 16 (15.53%) Kubernetes
3 15 (14.56%) Ansible
4 13 (12.62%) Terraform
5 9 (8.74%) SCOM
6 7 (6.80%) SCCM
7 5 (4.85%) Sysdig
8 4 (3.88%) CA Single Sign-On
8 4 (3.88%) Opscode Chef
8 4 (3.88%) Packer
9 3 (2.91%) Cisco Prime
9 3 (2.91%) HP Fortify
9 3 (2.91%) Puppet
9 3 (2.91%) Salt
10 2 (1.94%) Istio
10 2 (1.94%) Microsoft Intune
10 2 (1.94%) Nessus
10 2 (1.94%) WSUS
11 1 (0.97%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
11 1 (0.97%) WMI
Vendors
1 20 (19.42%) Microsoft
2 19 (18.45%) Cisco
3 9 (8.74%) SolarWinds
4 8 (7.77%) Aruba
4 8 (7.77%) Infoblox
4 8 (7.77%) Palo Alto
5 6 (5.83%) Oracle
6 5 (4.85%) Citrix
6 5 (4.85%) Google
6 5 (4.85%) Splunk
7 4 (3.88%) Atlassian
7 4 (3.88%) CA
7 4 (3.88%) VMware
8 3 (2.91%) Imperva
8 3 (2.91%) Riverbed
9 2 (1.94%) F5
9 2 (1.94%) Neustar
9 2 (1.94%) Ping Identity
9 2 (1.94%) Red Hat
9 2 (1.94%) Symantec