Period
to 15 November 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 15 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
England > London
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 411 432 485
Rank change year-on-year +21 +53 -28
Contract jobs citing PKI 226 221 144
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.49% 0.47% 0.32%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.27% 1.19% 0.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 182 146 106
London median daily rate £575 £540 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.48% +8.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £369
90th Percentile £711 £722 £607
England median daily rate £500 £488 £473
% change year-on-year +2.56% +3.17% +8.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
London median hourly rate £42.50 - -
England median hourly rate £44.75 £32.00 £34.50
% change year-on-year +39.84% -7.25% +5.41%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 17,813 18,615 17,049
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.38% 39.63% 37.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,821 13,302 12,050
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £285
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 282 242 257
London median hourly rate £23.50 £21.35 £19.03
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.07% +12.19% -4.85%
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.75 £11.89
90th Percentile £53.75 £47.83 £50.00
England median hourly rate £21.50 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +7.50% - +5.26%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in London over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the London region over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -2 45 £525 +10.53% 9
South London - 9 £495 -
West London -7 5 £375 -23.08% 5
PKI
England

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PKI.

1 70 (30.97%) Microsoft
2 68 (30.09%) Windows
3 62 (27.43%) Single Sign-On
4 59 (26.11%) Finance
5 58 (25.66%) Firewall
6 57 (25.22%) Java
7 56 (24.78%) LDAP
8 54 (23.89%) Active Directory
9 49 (21.68%) SAML
10 47 (20.80%) Amazon AWS
11 46 (20.35%) Kerberos
12 45 (19.91%) Identity Access Management
13 44 (19.47%) Microsoft Azure
13 44 (19.47%) DevOps
14 40 (17.70%) SSL
15 39 (17.26%) CA Single Sign-On
16 38 (16.81%) Banking
17 37 (16.37%) Identity Management
18 36 (15.93%) Python
18 36 (15.93%) Ansible
19 34 (15.04%) DNS
20 33 (14.60%) Cisco
20 33 (14.60%) CA
20 33 (14.60%) Migration
20 33 (14.60%) Windows Server
21 31 (13.72%) Security Cleared
22 29 (12.83%) Problem-Solving
23 28 (12.39%) BMC
23 28 (12.39%) Project Management
23 28 (12.39%) SQL

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (11.95%) Apache
2 22 (9.73%) Tomcat
3 19 (8.41%) IIS
4 18 (7.96%) nginx
5 17 (7.52%) Confluence
6 8 (3.54%) Cloud Foundry
6 8 (3.54%) Skype for Business
7 5 (2.21%) SharePoint
8 3 (1.33%) Apache Solr
8 3 (1.33%) CMS
8 3 (1.33%) MS Exchange
9 2 (0.88%) Apache Spark
9 2 (0.88%) Elasticsearch
10 1 (0.44%) Exchange Server 2003
10 1 (0.44%) Exchange Server 2010
10 1 (0.44%) Exchange Server 2013
10 1 (0.44%) Mule
10 1 (0.44%) Mule ESB
10 1 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.44%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 10 (4.42%) Microsoft Excel
1 10 (4.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 10 (4.42%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (1.33%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.44%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
Cloud Services
1 47 (20.80%) Amazon AWS
2 44 (19.47%) Microsoft Azure
3 21 (9.29%) IaaS
4 16 (7.08%) PaaS
5 13 (5.75%) Azure Active Directory
6 11 (4.87%) Office 365
7 8 (3.54%) AWS Lambda
7 8 (3.54%) SaaS
7 8 (3.54%) Serverless
8 7 (3.10%) AWS CloudFormation
8 7 (3.10%) IBM Cloud
9 5 (2.21%) Akamai
10 3 (1.33%) Apigee
10 3 (1.33%) Cloud Computing
10 3 (1.33%) Datadog
10 3 (1.33%) OpenShift
11 1 (0.44%) GitHub
11 1 (0.44%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 58 (25.66%) Firewall
2 46 (20.35%) Kerberos
3 40 (17.70%) SSL
4 34 (15.04%) DNS
5 26 (11.50%) VPN
6 22 (9.73%) IPsec
6 22 (9.73%) Network Security
7 19 (8.41%) Cisco ASA
8 18 (7.96%) HTTP
9 16 (7.08%) TCP/IP
10 15 (6.64%) Internet
10 15 (6.64%) X.509
11 13 (5.75%) WAN
12 11 (4.87%) LAN
13 8 (3.54%) DHCP
13 8 (3.54%) FTP
14 7 (3.10%) BGP
14 7 (3.10%) EIGRP
14 7 (3.10%) Ethernet
14 7 (3.10%) Extranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (4.87%) Big Data
2 8 (3.54%) SQL Server
3 6 (2.65%) NoSQL
3 6 (2.65%) PostgreSQL
4 4 (1.77%) Hadoop
4 4 (1.77%) HBase
4 4 (1.77%) MongoDB
5 3 (1.33%) Aerospike
5 3 (1.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 3 (1.33%) Couchbase
5 3 (1.33%) Hazelcast
5 3 (1.33%) Redis
6 2 (0.88%) Data Lake
6 2 (0.88%) Data Warehouse
6 2 (0.88%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.44%) Endeca
7 1 (0.44%) MySQL
7 1 (0.44%) Oracle Database
7 1 (0.44%) SQL Server 2014
7 1 (0.44%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 27 (11.95%) JIRA
2 18 (7.96%) Maven
3 17 (7.52%) Bitbucket
3 17 (7.52%) Jenkins
4 15 (6.64%) Git (software)
5 14 (6.19%) Artifactory
6 7 (3.10%) IBM UrbanCode
7 5 (2.21%) CircleCI
7 5 (2.21%) Travis CI
8 3 (1.33%) Cucumber
8 3 (1.33%) Octopus Deploy
8 3 (1.33%) Selenium
8 3 (1.33%) Sonatype Nexus
8 3 (1.33%) TeamCity
8 3 (1.33%) Zephyr
9 2 (0.88%) IntelliJ
10 1 (0.44%) GitLab
10 1 (0.44%) SoapUI
10 1 (0.44%) SonarQube
General
1 59 (26.11%) Finance
2 38 (16.81%) Banking
3 6 (2.65%) Multimedia
4 5 (2.21%) Telecoms
5 4 (1.77%) Financial Institution
5 4 (1.77%) Investment Banking
5 4 (1.77%) Legal
6 3 (1.33%) Advertising
7 2 (0.88%) Publishing
7 2 (0.88%) Retail
8 1 (0.44%) Automotive
8 1 (0.44%) Avionics
8 1 (0.44%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 70 (30.97%) Architect
2 50 (22.12%) Security Architect
3 28 (12.39%) Security Engineer
4 26 (11.50%) Consultant
5 20 (8.85%) Developer
6 16 (7.08%) Java Developer
7 14 (6.19%) DevOps Engineer
8 13 (5.75%) Applications Architect
9 12 (5.31%) Cloud Engineer
9 12 (5.31%) Network Engineer
10 11 (4.87%) Cloud Architect
11 9 (3.98%) Active Directory Architect
11 9 (3.98%) Support Engineer
11 9 (3.98%) Technical Consultant
12 8 (3.54%) AWS Engineer
12 8 (3.54%) Lead Architect
12 8 (3.54%) Lead Security Architect
12 8 (3.54%) Security Consultant
13 7 (3.10%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 7 (3.10%) SOA Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 56 (24.78%) LDAP
2 49 (21.68%) SAML
3 27 (11.95%) OAuth
4 26 (11.50%) OpenID
5 25 (11.06%) WCF
6 24 (10.62%) JSON
7 22 (9.73%) .NET
8 21 (9.29%) SPNEGO
9 18 (7.96%) Spring
10 17 (7.52%) REST
11 14 (6.19%) RESTful
11 14 (6.19%) SailPoint
12 13 (5.75%) COM+
12 13 (5.75%) DCOM
12 13 (5.75%) Rendezvous
12 13 (5.75%) XML
13 12 (5.31%) Windows Identity Foundation
14 9 (3.98%) DAO
15 8 (3.54%) HTML
15 8 (3.54%) OAuth2
Miscellaneous
1 19 (8.41%) Data Centre
2 12 (5.31%) Fintech
3 11 (4.87%) Public Cloud
4 10 (4.42%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
4 10 (4.42%) Self-Motivation
5 9 (3.98%) Computer Science
5 9 (3.98%) RSA SecurID
6 8 (3.54%) Smartcard
7 7 (3.10%) User Experience
8 6 (2.65%) Analytical Skills
8 6 (2.65%) Greenfield Project
8 6 (2.65%) Private Cloud
9 4 (1.77%) Algorithms
9 4 (1.77%) Data Structures
10 3 (1.33%) Hedge funds
10 3 (1.33%) Hybrid Cloud
10 3 (1.33%) Management Information System
11 2 (0.88%) Clustering
11 2 (0.88%) Mainframe
11 2 (0.88%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 68 (30.09%) Windows
2 33 (14.60%) Windows Server
3 21 (9.29%) Linux
4 14 (6.19%) Windows Server 2012
5 13 (5.75%) Unix
6 10 (4.42%) Windows 10
7 8 (3.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (2.65%) Windows 7
9 5 (2.21%) Apple iOS
10 4 (1.77%) Ubuntu
11 3 (1.33%) Android
11 3 (1.33%) Windows Server 2008
12 2 (0.88%) CoreOS
12 2 (0.88%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.44%) HPUX
13 1 (0.44%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 45 (19.91%) Identity Access Management
2 44 (19.47%) DevOps
3 37 (16.37%) Identity Management
4 33 (14.60%) Migration
5 29 (12.83%) Problem-Solving
6 28 (12.39%) Project Management
7 27 (11.95%) SIEM
8 26 (11.50%) SOA
9 25 (11.06%) Agile Software Development
10 24 (10.62%) Cybersecurity
10 24 (10.62%) Security Architecture
11 21 (9.29%) ITIL
12 18 (7.96%) Source Code Analysis
13 17 (7.52%) Analytics
13 17 (7.52%) Microservices
13 17 (7.52%) SDLC
14 16 (7.08%) Information Security
15 15 (6.64%) Load Balancing
15 15 (6.64%) Penetration Testing
16 14 (6.19%) Root Cause Analysis
Programming Languages
1 57 (25.22%) Java
2 36 (15.93%) Python
3 28 (12.39%) SQL
4 21 (9.29%) C++
4 21 (9.29%) PowerShell
5 19 (8.41%) C#
6 10 (4.42%) Perl
7 9 (3.98%) JavaScript
8 6 (2.65%) Ruby
9 5 (2.21%) Go
9 5 (2.21%) Groovy
9 5 (2.21%) Shell Script
10 4 (1.77%) Bash Shell
11 3 (1.33%) VBScript
12 2 (0.88%) C
12 2 (0.88%) Java 8
13 1 (0.44%) ES6
13 1 (0.44%) ES7
13 1 (0.44%) MATLAB
13 1 (0.44%) Scala
Qualifications
1 31 (13.72%) Security Cleared
2 26 (11.50%) CISSP
2 26 (11.50%) SC Cleared
3 16 (7.08%) CISM
4 15 (6.64%) Degree
5 11 (4.87%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (4.42%) CISA
6 10 (4.42%) Cisco Certification
7 9 (3.98%) ISSAP
8 7 (3.10%) CESG Certified Professional
8 7 (3.10%) Master's Degree
9 6 (2.65%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 5 (2.21%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (1.77%) CCNP
12 3 (1.33%) CCSP
12 3 (1.33%) DV Cleared
12 3 (1.33%) GSEC
12 3 (1.33%) MCSA
12 3 (1.33%) MCSE
13 2 (0.88%) CGEIT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (7.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 6 (2.65%) PCI DSS
3 5 (2.21%) GDPR
4 3 (1.33%) Data Quality
4 3 (1.33%) QA
5 2 (0.88%) COBIT
5 2 (0.88%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 2 (0.88%) SLA
6 1 (0.44%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.44%) ISAE 3402
6 1 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27005
6 1 (0.44%) NIST 800
System Software
1 54 (23.89%) Active Directory
2 24 (10.62%) VMware Infrastructure
3 22 (9.73%) Docker
4 9 (3.98%) vSphere
5 7 (3.10%) DFS Replication
5 7 (3.10%) VMware NSX
6 6 (2.65%) BitLocker
7 4 (1.77%) Hyper-V
7 4 (1.77%) KVM
7 4 (1.77%) LXC
7 4 (1.77%) ProxySG
8 3 (1.33%) vCloud
9 2 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.88%) VMware Workstation
10 1 (0.44%) iptables
10 1 (0.44%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.44%) OpenAM
10 1 (0.44%) XenApp
10 1 (0.44%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.44%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 62 (27.43%) Single Sign-On
2 39 (17.26%) CA Single Sign-On
3 36 (15.93%) Ansible
4 19 (8.41%) Puppet
5 18 (7.96%) HP Fortify
5 18 (7.96%) Kubernetes
6 16 (7.08%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (5.31%) Terraform
8 7 (3.10%) SCCM
9 6 (2.65%) AirWatch
9 6 (2.65%) Cisco Prime
9 6 (2.65%) PowerCLI
9 6 (2.65%) Salt
10 5 (2.21%) CASB
10 5 (2.21%) QRadar
11 4 (1.77%) Forefront Identity Manager
12 3 (1.33%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 3 (1.33%) Microsoft Intune
12 3 (1.33%) Nagios
12 3 (1.33%) SCOM
Vendors
1 70 (30.97%) Microsoft
2 33 (14.60%) CA
2 33 (14.60%) Cisco
3 28 (12.39%) BMC
4 26 (11.50%) VMware
5 20 (8.85%) Axway
6 13 (5.75%) ForgeRock
6 13 (5.75%) Splunk
6 13 (5.75%) TIBCO
7 12 (5.31%) Citrix
8 9 (3.98%) IBM
8 9 (3.98%) Oracle
8 9 (3.98%) ServiceNow
8 9 (3.98%) Symantec
9 8 (3.54%) Red Hat
9 8 (3.54%) SolarWinds
10 6 (2.65%) Aruba
10 6 (2.65%) Infoblox
10 6 (2.65%) Palo Alto
10 6 (2.65%) Veeam