Period
to 24 November 2017

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 24 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
England > London
6 months to
24 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 410 476 454
Rank change year-on-year +66 -22 +56
Contract jobs citing PKI 224 145 161
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.48% 0.32% 0.34%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.22% 0.88% 0.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 148 103 101
London median daily rate £534 £500 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.75% +8.11% +8.82%
10th Percentile £363 £365 £325
90th Percentile £721 £610 £606
England median daily rate £488 £461 £440
% change year-on-year +5.69% +4.83% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
London median hourly rate - - -
England median hourly rate £31.00 £34.50 £32.73
% change year-on-year -10.14% +5.41% +25.88%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 18414 16566 17511
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 39.10% 36.73% 37.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 13189 11739 12310
London median daily rate £500 £475 £455
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +4.40% +1.11%
10th Percentile £313 £290 £275
90th Percentile £688 £650 £650
England median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 227 256 302
London median hourly rate £21.40 £19.71 £20.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.57% -2.67% +12.50%
10th Percentile £12.89 £12.00 £12.02
90th Percentile £47.80 £50.00 £47.28
England median hourly rate £20.50 £20.50 £19.09
% change year-on-year - +7.39% +6.06%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in London over the 6 months to 24 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the London region over the 6 months to 24 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +12 34 £475 -4.52% 2
West London 0 10 £488 -2.50% 1
North London - 2 £438 -
PKI
England

For the 6 months to 24 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for PKI.

1 88 (39.29%) Windows
2 81 (36.16%) Linux
3 70 (31.25%) VMware
4 68 (30.36%) Security Cleared
5 65 (29.02%) Microsoft
6 55 (24.55%) Active Directory
7 54 (24.11%) SIEM
8 50 (22.32%) Finance
8 50 (22.32%) Agile Software Development
9 49 (21.88%) Firewall
10 46 (20.54%) Amazon AWS
11 45 (20.09%) TCP/IP
12 43 (19.20%) Cybersecurity
13 42 (18.75%) Cryptography
14 38 (16.96%) Java
15 37 (16.52%) Python
16 36 (16.07%) VMware Infrastructure
17 35 (15.63%) DevOps
18 34 (15.18%) Network Security
18 34 (15.18%) Information Security
19 33 (14.73%) LDAP
19 33 (14.73%) SC Cleared
20 31 (13.84%) DV Cleared
20 31 (13.84%) ITIL
20 31 (13.84%) Cisco
21 30 (13.39%) Migration
22 29 (12.95%) Unix
22 29 (12.95%) Puppet
23 28 (12.50%) SSL
24 27 (12.05%) HTTPS

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (7.59%) MS Exchange
2 16 (7.14%) Apache
3 13 (5.80%) IIS
4 9 (4.02%) SharePoint
4 9 (4.02%) Tomcat
5 8 (3.57%) nginx
5 8 (3.57%) Skype for Business
6 4 (1.79%) JBoss
7 3 (1.34%) Exchange Server 2013
8 2 (0.89%) WebSphere
8 2 (0.89%) WebSphere Application Server
9 1 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 1 (0.45%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
Applications
1 5 (2.23%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (1.79%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (1.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (1.79%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 1 (0.45%) Oracle EBS R12
1 1 (0.45%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 46 (20.54%) Amazon AWS
2 26 (11.61%) Office 365
3 18 (8.04%) Microsoft Azure
4 17 (7.59%) IaaS
5 14 (6.25%) PaaS
6 8 (3.57%) SaaS
7 6 (2.68%) Cloud Computing
8 5 (2.23%) Slack
9 3 (1.34%) Google Cloud Platform
9 3 (1.34%) Mimecast
10 2 (0.89%) Akamai
10 2 (0.89%) Amazon EC2
11 1 (0.45%) Amazon ELB
11 1 (0.45%) AWS CloudFormation
11 1 (0.45%) AWS Lambda
11 1 (0.45%) Azure Active Directory
11 1 (0.45%) OpenShift
11 1 (0.45%) Route 53
11 1 (0.45%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 49 (21.88%) Firewall
2 45 (20.09%) TCP/IP
3 34 (15.18%) Network Security
4 33 (14.73%) LDAP
5 28 (12.50%) SSL
6 27 (12.05%) HTTPS
7 26 (11.61%) DNS
8 24 (10.71%) VPN
9 20 (8.93%) IPsec
10 19 (8.48%) HTTP
11 14 (6.25%) DHCP
11 14 (6.25%) Kerberos
12 13 (5.80%) Reverse Proxy
13 12 (5.36%) LAN
14 11 (4.91%) WAN
15 10 (4.46%) S/MIME
15 10 (4.46%) VoIP
16 9 (4.02%) SAN
17 8 (3.57%) Cisco ASA
17 8 (3.57%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (5.36%) SQL Server
2 8 (3.57%) MongoDB
3 4 (1.79%) SQL Server 2008
4 3 (1.34%) NoSQL
4 3 (1.34%) PostgreSQL
5 2 (0.89%) Relational Database
5 2 (0.89%) SQL Server 2014
6 1 (0.45%) Blockchain
6 1 (0.45%) DB2
6 1 (0.45%) RDBMS
6 1 (0.45%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 16 (7.14%) JIRA
2 8 (3.57%) Git (software)
3 7 (3.13%) Jenkins
4 5 (2.23%) Maven
4 5 (2.23%) Visual Studio
5 3 (1.34%) Artifactory
5 3 (1.34%) Sonatype Nexus
6 2 (0.89%) Cucumber
6 2 (0.89%) Fiddler
6 2 (0.89%) Grunt
6 2 (0.89%) Jasmine
6 2 (0.89%) Subversion
6 2 (0.89%) webpack
7 1 (0.45%) ClearCase
7 1 (0.45%) FishEye
General
1 50 (22.32%) Finance
2 13 (5.80%) Telecoms
3 10 (4.46%) Electronics
3 10 (4.46%) Manufacturing
3 10 (4.46%) Marketing
4 9 (4.02%) Legal
5 8 (3.57%) Banking
6 7 (3.13%) Publishing
7 2 (0.89%) Retail
8 1 (0.45%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 57 (25.45%) Architect
2 42 (18.75%) Analyst
3 30 (13.39%) Security Analyst
4 21 (9.38%) Security Architect
5 20 (8.93%) Technical Architect
6 19 (8.48%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 18 (8.04%) Consultant
8 12 (5.36%) Solutions Architect
8 12 (5.36%) Technical Analyst
8 12 (5.36%) Technical Security Analyst
9 11 (4.91%) Administrator
10 10 (4.46%) Developer
10 10 (4.46%) IT Analyst
10 10 (4.46%) IT Security Analyst
10 10 (4.46%) Security Engineer
11 9 (4.02%) Application Security Analyst
11 9 (4.02%) Security Consultant
11 9 (4.02%) Systems Administrator
12 8 (3.57%) DevOps Engineer
12 8 (3.57%) Environment Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (11.61%) SAML
2 21 (9.38%) OpenID
2 21 (9.38%) Web Services
3 18 (8.04%) REST
3 18 (8.04%) SOAP
4 15 (6.70%) SailPoint
5 10 (4.46%) XML
6 9 (4.02%) 802.1X
7 8 (3.57%) SPNEGO
8 7 (3.13%) .NET
8 7 (3.13%) WCF
8 7 (3.13%) XMPP
9 6 (2.68%) Node.js
9 6 (2.68%) OAuth
9 6 (2.68%) Windows Identity Foundation
10 5 (2.23%) OAuth2
11 4 (1.79%) HTML
11 4 (1.79%) Java EE
12 3 (1.34%) ASP.NET
12 3 (1.34%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 12 (5.36%) Data Centre
2 11 (4.91%) Algorithms
2 11 (4.91%) Cloud Native
2 11 (4.91%) Management Information System
3 9 (4.02%) Cyberthreat
4 8 (3.57%) CESG
4 8 (3.57%) Linux Command Line
4 8 (3.57%) Public Cloud
5 6 (2.68%) Security Operations Centre
6 5 (2.23%) Computer Science
6 5 (2.23%) Fintech
6 5 (2.23%) Smartcard
7 4 (1.79%) Hybrid Cloud
8 3 (1.34%) Analytical Skills
9 2 (0.89%) DataPower
9 2 (0.89%) Private Cloud
10 1 (0.45%) CESG CLAS
10 1 (0.45%) Hedge funds
10 1 (0.45%) Smartphone
10 1 (0.45%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 88 (39.29%) Windows
2 81 (36.16%) Linux
3 29 (12.95%) Unix
4 25 (11.16%) Windows Server
5 20 (8.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 15 (6.70%) Windows 7
7 14 (6.25%) Windows Server 2012
8 8 (3.57%) Windows 10
9 7 (3.13%) CentOS
10 5 (2.23%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (1.79%) HPUX
12 2 (0.89%) Solaris
13 1 (0.45%) Android
13 1 (0.45%) Apple iOS
13 1 (0.45%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 54 (24.11%) SIEM
2 50 (22.32%) Agile Software Development
3 43 (19.20%) Cybersecurity
4 42 (18.75%) Cryptography
5 35 (15.63%) DevOps
6 34 (15.18%) Information Security
7 31 (13.84%) ITIL
8 30 (13.39%) Migration
9 27 (12.05%) Configuration Management
9 27 (12.05%) Identity Access Management
10 23 (10.27%) Identity Management
11 22 (9.82%) Security Operations
12 19 (8.48%) Penetration Testing
12 19 (8.48%) Vulnerability Management
13 16 (7.14%) Open Source
14 14 (6.25%) Multi-Factor Authentication
15 13 (5.80%) Network Virtualisation
15 13 (5.80%) Project Management
15 13 (5.80%) SDLC
16 11 (4.91%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 38 (16.96%) Java
2 37 (16.52%) Python
3 27 (12.05%) Ruby
4 25 (11.16%) SQL
5 21 (9.38%) PowerShell
6 16 (7.14%) Bash Shell
7 13 (5.80%) C-shell
7 13 (5.80%) Korn
8 12 (5.36%) Go
9 7 (3.13%) VBScript
10 6 (2.68%) JavaScript
11 5 (2.23%) C#
12 4 (1.79%) Perl
12 4 (1.79%) Shell Script
13 2 (0.89%) GraphQL
14 1 (0.45%) C
14 1 (0.45%) C++
14 1 (0.45%) SPARQL
Qualifications
1 68 (30.36%) Security Cleared
2 33 (14.73%) SC Cleared
3 31 (13.84%) DV Cleared
4 21 (9.38%) Degree
5 19 (8.48%) CISSP
6 18 (8.04%) Microsoft Certification
7 13 (5.80%) CRISC
8 9 (4.02%) CISM
9 8 (3.57%) BPSS Clearance
9 8 (3.57%) CGEIT
10 4 (1.79%) CCNP
10 4 (1.79%) Cisco Certification
11 3 (1.34%) CCIE
11 3 (1.34%) CEH
11 3 (1.34%) CESG Certified Professional
11 3 (1.34%) ITIL Certification
11 3 (1.34%) RHCE
11 3 (1.34%) RHCSA
12 2 (0.89%) Computer Science Degree
12 2 (0.89%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (5.36%) PCI DSS
1 12 (5.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 11 (4.91%) COBIT
3 8 (3.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (2.68%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (1.79%) GDPR
6 3 (1.34%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.45%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.45%) QA
7 1 (0.45%) RMADS
System Software
1 55 (24.55%) Active Directory
2 36 (16.07%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (8.04%) vSphere
4 12 (5.36%) FreeRADIUS
5 11 (4.91%) Hyper-V
6 8 (3.57%) BitLocker
6 8 (3.57%) XenDesktop
7 7 (3.13%) VMware Workstation
8 5 (2.23%) Docker
8 5 (2.23%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (1.79%) Virtual Desktop
10 2 (0.89%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.89%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.89%) XenApp
11 1 (0.45%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 1 (0.45%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.45%) DFS Replication
11 1 (0.45%) NFS
11 1 (0.45%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.45%) UAG
Systems Management
1 29 (12.95%) Puppet
2 27 (12.05%) Ansible
2 27 (12.05%) Opscode Chef
3 26 (11.61%) SCCM
4 12 (5.36%) Salt
5 8 (3.57%) CA Single Sign-On
6 5 (2.23%) SCOM
7 4 (1.79%) Forefront Identity Manager
8 3 (1.34%) HAProxy
8 3 (1.34%) Kibana
8 3 (1.34%) logstash
8 3 (1.34%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
8 3 (1.34%) SCDPM
8 3 (1.34%) vCenter Server
9 2 (0.89%) ArcSight ESM
9 2 (0.89%) Kubernetes
9 2 (0.89%) McAfee ePO
9 2 (0.89%) Nessus
9 2 (0.89%) Norton AntiVirus
9 2 (0.89%) WSUS
Vendors
1 70 (31.25%) VMware
2 65 (29.02%) Microsoft
3 31 (13.84%) Cisco
4 24 (10.71%) Citrix
5 21 (9.38%) ForgeRock
6 19 (8.48%) Juniper
7 17 (7.59%) Oracle
8 16 (7.14%) Red Hat
9 15 (6.70%) HP
10 14 (6.25%) CA
10 14 (6.25%) F5
11 11 (4.91%) IBM
11 11 (4.91%) Palo Alto
11 11 (4.91%) Splunk
12 10 (4.46%) LogRhythm
12 10 (4.46%) SAP
13 8 (3.57%) CheckPoint
14 7 (3.13%) Apple
15 6 (2.68%) BMC
15 6 (2.68%) NetApp