Period
to 16 August 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 16 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
England > London
6 months to
16 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 419 439 475
Rank change year-on-year +20 +36 -44
Contract jobs citing PKI 209 178 149
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.46% 0.42% 0.33%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.19% 1.08% 0.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 172 116 101
London median daily rate £550 £534 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.04% +6.75% +25.00%
10th Percentile £369 £365 £406
90th Percentile £738 £650 £600
England median daily rate £493 £475 £483
% change year-on-year +3.68% -1.55% +20.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
London median hourly rate £42.50 - -
England median hourly rate £36.75 £50.00 £29.79
% change year-on-year -26.50% +67.86% +47.57%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 17,548 16,545 17,116
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 38.55% 38.72% 37.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,553 11,744 12,249
London median daily rate £515 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £288
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 267 226 230
London median hourly rate £23.50 £21.90 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.31% +9.50% -
10th Percentile £13.19 £12.66 £11.25
90th Percentile £54.10 £49.60 £55.19
England median hourly rate £21.70 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +8.50% - +8.11%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in London over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in London

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in London

PKI
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the London region over the 6 months to 16 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +2 45 £590 +12.38% 9
South London - 7 £495 -
West London -25 6 £375 -31.82% 4
East London - 1 - - 2
PKI
England

For the 6 months to 16 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for PKI.

1 59 (28.23%) Firewall
2 54 (25.84%) Finance
2 54 (25.84%) Single Sign-On
3 50 (23.92%) Amazon AWS
4 48 (22.97%) Windows
5 46 (22.01%) Microsoft
5 46 (22.01%) DevOps
6 42 (20.10%) LDAP
7 41 (19.62%) SAML
7 41 (19.62%) Banking
8 38 (18.18%) Cisco
8 38 (18.18%) Identity Access Management
9 37 (17.70%) Active Directory
10 36 (17.22%) Information Security
11 35 (16.75%) Python
12 34 (16.27%) Java
12 34 (16.27%) SSL
12 34 (16.27%) CA Single Sign-On
13 33 (15.79%) Kerberos
14 32 (15.31%) DNS
14 32 (15.31%) Agile Software Development
14 32 (15.31%) Security Cleared
15 30 (14.35%) SOA
16 29 (13.88%) Microsoft Azure
17 28 (13.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
17 28 (13.40%) CISSP
18 27 (12.92%) SQL
18 27 (12.92%) VMware
18 27 (12.92%) Data Centre
19 26 (12.44%) Ansible

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (10.05%) Apache
2 18 (8.61%) nginx
2 18 (8.61%) Tomcat
3 15 (7.18%) IIS
4 13 (6.22%) Confluence
5 11 (5.26%) CMS
6 10 (4.78%) SharePoint
7 8 (3.83%) Apache Solr
7 8 (3.83%) Mule
7 8 (3.83%) Mule ESB
7 8 (3.83%) Sitecore CMS
7 8 (3.83%) Skype for Business
7 8 (3.83%) WebLogic Portal
8 4 (1.91%) MS Exchange
9 2 (0.96%) Exchange Server 2003
9 2 (0.96%) Exchange Server 2010
10 1 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.48%) WebSphere
Applications
1 10 (4.78%) Microsoft Excel
1 10 (4.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 10 (4.78%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.48%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.96%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
Cloud Services
1 50 (23.92%) Amazon AWS
2 29 (13.88%) Microsoft Azure
3 13 (6.22%) AWS Lambda
3 13 (6.22%) Serverless
4 11 (5.26%) AWS CloudFormation
5 8 (3.83%) Azure Active Directory
6 7 (3.35%) IaaS
7 6 (2.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 6 (2.87%) AWS CloudTrail
7 6 (2.87%) GitHub
7 6 (2.87%) npm
7 6 (2.87%) PaaS
8 5 (2.39%) Akamai
9 4 (1.91%) IBM Cloud
9 4 (1.91%) Office 365
10 3 (1.44%) Cloud Computing
11 1 (0.48%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 59 (28.23%) Firewall
2 34 (16.27%) SSL
3 33 (15.79%) Kerberos
4 32 (15.31%) DNS
5 24 (11.48%) Network Security
6 19 (9.09%) VPN
7 15 (7.18%) Cisco ASA
7 15 (7.18%) IPsec
7 15 (7.18%) TCP/IP
8 14 (6.70%) HTTP
8 14 (6.70%) Internet
8 14 (6.70%) WAN
8 14 (6.70%) X.509
9 12 (5.74%) Extranet
10 9 (4.31%) Intrusion Detection
11 8 (3.83%) BGP
11 8 (3.83%) EIGRP
11 8 (3.83%) LAN
11 8 (3.83%) MPLS
11 8 (3.83%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (4.31%) Hadoop
2 8 (3.83%) Endeca
2 8 (3.83%) MongoDB
2 8 (3.83%) NoSQL
2 8 (3.83%) SQL Server
3 7 (3.35%) Big Data
3 7 (3.35%) HBase
4 1 (0.48%) Oracle Database
4 1 (0.48%) PostgreSQL
4 1 (0.48%) SQL Server 2008
4 1 (0.48%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 23 (11.00%) JIRA
2 16 (7.66%) Jenkins
3 15 (7.18%) Git (software)
4 12 (5.74%) Maven
5 11 (5.26%) Bitbucket
6 9 (4.31%) Artifactory
7 5 (2.39%) SonarQube
8 2 (0.96%) IBM UrbanCode
9 1 (0.48%) GitLab
9 1 (0.48%) Hudson
9 1 (0.48%) SoapUI
General
1 54 (25.84%) Finance
2 41 (19.62%) Banking
3 5 (2.39%) Multimedia
3 5 (2.39%) Telecoms
4 4 (1.91%) Investment Banking
4 4 (1.91%) Legal
5 3 (1.44%) Advertising
6 2 (0.96%) Law
6 2 (0.96%) Local Government
6 2 (0.96%) Retail
7 1 (0.48%) Avionics
7 1 (0.48%) Dutch Language
7 1 (0.48%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.48%) French Language
7 1 (0.48%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 53 (25.36%) Architect
2 34 (16.27%) Security Engineer
3 33 (15.79%) Security Architect
4 29 (13.88%) Consultant
5 16 (7.66%) Security Consultant
6 15 (7.18%) Developer
7 14 (6.70%) AWS Engineer
7 14 (6.70%) Cloud Engineer
8 13 (6.22%) Security Specialist
9 11 (5.26%) Application Security Specialist
9 11 (5.26%) Applications Specialist
9 11 (5.26%) Java Developer
9 11 (5.26%) Network Engineer
10 10 (4.78%) Support Engineer
10 10 (4.78%) VMware Consultant
11 8 (3.83%) Analyst
11 8 (3.83%) Cloud Architect
11 8 (3.83%) Senior Data Warehouse Specialist
11 8 (3.83%) Technical Architect
12 7 (3.35%) SOA Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (20.10%) LDAP
2 41 (19.62%) SAML
3 24 (11.48%) OAuth
4 22 (10.53%) SPNEGO
5 19 (9.09%) RESTful
6 16 (7.66%) WCF
7 15 (7.18%) Web Services
8 14 (6.70%) SailPoint
9 13 (6.22%) JSON
9 13 (6.22%) XML
10 12 (5.74%) OpenID
10 12 (5.74%) Spring
10 12 (5.74%) Windows Identity Foundation
11 10 (4.78%) REST
12 9 (4.31%) .NET
12 9 (4.31%) DAO
12 9 (4.31%) OAuth2
12 9 (4.31%) SOAP
13 8 (3.83%) Lucene
13 8 (3.83%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 27 (12.92%) Data Centre
2 16 (7.66%) Fintech
3 9 (4.31%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
3 9 (4.31%) Public Cloud
3 9 (4.31%) Self-Motivation
4 7 (3.35%) Computer Science
4 7 (3.35%) Private Cloud
4 7 (3.35%) Smartcard
5 6 (2.87%) RSA SecurID
6 5 (2.39%) Analytical Skills
6 5 (2.39%) Replication
7 4 (1.91%) Cyberthreat
8 3 (1.44%) Hybrid Cloud
8 3 (1.44%) Management Information System
9 2 (0.96%) Algorithms
9 2 (0.96%) Clustering
9 2 (0.96%) Data Structures
9 2 (0.96%) Greenfield Project
9 2 (0.96%) User Experience
10 1 (0.48%) Security Operations Centre
Operating Systems
1 48 (22.97%) Windows
2 25 (11.96%) Windows Server
3 15 (7.18%) Linux
4 9 (4.31%) Windows 10
5 8 (3.83%) Unix
5 8 (3.83%) Windows 7
6 7 (3.35%) CoreOS
6 7 (3.35%) Windows Server 2012
7 4 (1.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (1.91%) Windows Server 2008
8 3 (1.44%) Windows Server 2003
9 2 (0.96%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.48%) AIX
10 1 (0.48%) Android
10 1 (0.48%) HPUX
10 1 (0.48%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.48%) Solaris
10 1 (0.48%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.48%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 46 (22.01%) DevOps
2 38 (18.18%) Identity Access Management
3 36 (17.22%) Information Security
4 32 (15.31%) Agile Software Development
5 30 (14.35%) SOA
6 26 (12.44%) Identity Management
7 25 (11.96%) SIEM
8 24 (11.48%) Project Management
9 23 (11.00%) Migration
10 22 (10.53%) ITIL
11 21 (10.05%) Microservices
11 21 (10.05%) SDLC
12 20 (9.57%) OWASP
12 20 (9.57%) Scrum
13 18 (8.61%) Penetration Testing
14 17 (8.13%) Cybersecurity
14 17 (8.13%) Vulnerability Management
15 16 (7.66%) Security Architecture
16 14 (6.70%) Analytics
16 14 (6.70%) B2C
Programming Languages
1 35 (16.75%) Python
2 34 (16.27%) Java
3 27 (12.92%) SQL
4 14 (6.70%) PowerShell
5 7 (3.35%) C#
5 7 (3.35%) C++
6 6 (2.87%) Apex Code
6 6 (2.87%) JavaScript
6 6 (2.87%) PyPy
7 4 (1.91%) Perl
8 3 (1.44%) Bash Shell
9 1 (0.48%) ES6
9 1 (0.48%) ES7
9 1 (0.48%) MATLAB
9 1 (0.48%) Ruby
9 1 (0.48%) Scala
9 1 (0.48%) VB
9 1 (0.48%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 32 (15.31%) Security Cleared
2 28 (13.40%) CISSP
3 23 (11.00%) SC Cleared
4 15 (7.18%) CISM
5 13 (6.22%) CISA
6 10 (4.78%) Cisco Certification
6 10 (4.78%) Degree
7 8 (3.83%) CCNP
7 8 (3.83%) DV Cleared
7 8 (3.83%) GIAC
7 8 (3.83%) Master's Degree
7 8 (3.83%) SANS
8 7 (3.35%) CCNA
8 7 (3.35%) CEH
8 7 (3.35%) Computer Science Degree
9 6 (2.87%) CSSLP
9 6 (2.87%) OSCP
10 5 (2.39%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (1.91%) ISSAP
11 4 (1.91%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (13.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 12 (5.74%) PCI DSS
3 5 (2.39%) GDPR
4 3 (1.44%) Cyber Essentials
5 2 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 2 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 27005
5 2 (0.96%) NIST 800
5 2 (0.96%) SLA
6 1 (0.48%) COBIT
6 1 (0.48%) ISAE 3402
6 1 (0.48%) QA
System Software
1 37 (17.70%) Active Directory
2 25 (11.96%) VMware Infrastructure
3 14 (6.70%) VMware NSX
3 14 (6.70%) vSphere
4 11 (5.26%) Docker
5 4 (1.91%) ProxySG
6 3 (1.44%) BitLocker
6 3 (1.44%) vCloud
7 2 (0.96%) Citrix Presentation Server
7 2 (0.96%) DFS Replication
7 2 (0.96%) KVM
7 2 (0.96%) LXC
7 2 (0.96%) OpenAM
7 2 (0.96%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.96%) XenApp
8 1 (0.48%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.48%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.48%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 54 (25.84%) Single Sign-On
2 34 (16.27%) CA Single Sign-On
3 26 (12.44%) Ansible
4 13 (6.22%) Opscode Chef
4 13 (6.22%) Puppet
5 12 (5.74%) Terraform
6 10 (4.78%) PowerCLI
6 10 (4.78%) Salt
7 9 (4.31%) Kubernetes
8 8 (3.83%) OpenSSO
8 8 (3.83%) SCCM
9 7 (3.35%) HP Fortify
10 5 (2.39%) Cisco Prime
11 4 (1.91%) vCenter Server
12 3 (1.44%) CASB
12 3 (1.44%) Host Intrusion Detection System
12 3 (1.44%) Microsoft Intune
13 2 (0.96%) SCOM
14 1 (0.48%) AirWatch
14 1 (0.48%) TrustSec
Vendors
1 46 (22.01%) Microsoft
2 38 (18.18%) Cisco
3 27 (12.92%) VMware
4 22 (10.53%) CA
5 21 (10.05%) Axway
6 18 (8.61%) BMC
7 13 (6.22%) Citrix
7 13 (6.22%) ForgeRock
8 11 (5.26%) ServiceNow
9 10 (4.78%) Veeam
10 9 (4.31%) Palo Alto
10 9 (4.31%) Symantec
11 8 (3.83%) ATG
11 8 (3.83%) BEA
11 8 (3.83%) Interwoven
11 8 (3.83%) Sitecore
11 8 (3.83%) Splunk
12 6 (2.87%) Blue Coat
12 6 (2.87%) F5
12 6 (2.87%) Salesforce.com