Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 279 215 187
Rank change year-on-year -64 -28 +25
Contract jobs citing VPN 348 193 425
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.94% 1.10% 1.41%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.56% 10.87% 12.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 243 124 327
10th Percentile £190 £263 £173
25th Percentile £425 £363 £300
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £425
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +11.76% -
75th Percentile £626 £533 £540
90th Percentile £725 £575 £650
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 1 13
10th Percentile £16.08 - £12.50
25th Percentile £22.50 £21.25 -
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% +20.32% -15.00%
75th Percentile £28.75 £23.75 £47.01
90th Percentile £46.16 - £49.75
England median hourly rate £19.61 £19.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +3.20% +8.57% +9.38%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 3,639 1,775 3,370
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.87% 10.08% 11.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,528 1,208 2,364
10th Percentile £300 £250 £183
25th Percentile £425 £375 £313
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £475 £435
Median % change year-on-year +15.79% +9.20% -3.33%
75th Percentile £650 £575 £550
90th Percentile £750 £650 £650
England median daily rate £500 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +17.65% +3.03% -2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 72 15 96
10th Percentile £12.24 £21.55 £14.14
25th Percentile £15.81 £22.75 £16.59
Median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year - +19.05% -4.55%
75th Percentile £41.69 £49.00 £44.06
90th Percentile £63.40 £61.45 £50.63
England median hourly rate £21.50 £32.50 £21.25
% change year-on-year -33.85% +52.94% +18.06%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Daily rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -39 41 £500 +6.38% 38
South London +6 17 £750 +98.68% 3
West London -20 4 £198 -12.22% 23
East London -5 1 £500 -3.61% 10
North London - 1 - - 3
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 152 (43.68%) Windows
2 151 (43.39%) Firewall
3 116 (33.33%) Azure
4 101 (29.02%) AWS
5 98 (28.16%) Cisco
5 98 (28.16%) Active Directory
6 95 (27.30%) Linux
7 83 (23.85%) VMware
8 79 (22.70%) WAN
8 79 (22.70%) Microsoft
9 69 (19.83%) Microsoft 365
10 68 (19.54%) DevOps
11 66 (18.97%) DNS
12 64 (18.39%) LAN
13 61 (17.53%) BGP
14 60 (17.24%) Terraform
15 58 (16.67%) Finance
16 56 (16.09%) Migration
16 56 (16.09%) TCP/IP
17 52 (14.94%) IPsec
17 52 (14.94%) Data Centre
18 50 (14.37%) Python
19 48 (13.79%) Windows 10
20 47 (13.51%) MPLS
21 46 (13.22%) Network Security
22 45 (12.93%) VMware Infrastructure
22 45 (12.93%) PowerShell
22 45 (12.93%) OSPF
22 45 (12.93%) Cisco Certification
23 44 (12.64%) SSL

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (6.61%) OpenStack
2 10 (2.87%) Confluence
3 7 (2.01%) Apache
3 7 (2.01%) Cloud Foundry
3 7 (2.01%) Tomcat
4 4 (1.15%) Elasticsearch
4 4 (1.15%) SharePoint
4 4 (1.15%) WebSphere
5 3 (0.86%) Apache Spark
5 3 (0.86%) IIS
5 3 (0.86%) JBoss
5 3 (0.86%) MS Exchange
6 2 (0.57%) CMS
6 2 (0.57%) Jupyter
6 2 (0.57%) nginx
6 2 (0.57%) Skype for Business
6 2 (0.57%) Traefik
7 1 (0.29%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
7 1 (0.29%) Exchange Server 2010
7 1 (0.29%) WebLogic
Applications
1 23 (6.61%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (2.01%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 7 (2.01%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (1.44%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 8 (2.30%) RMDS
2 4 (1.15%) Primavera
2 4 (1.15%) SAP ERP
3 2 (0.57%) Elite 3E
4 1 (0.29%) Maximo
4 1 (0.29%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 116 (33.33%) Azure
2 101 (29.02%) AWS
3 69 (19.83%) Microsoft 365
4 42 (12.07%) PaaS
5 41 (11.78%) IaaS
6 37 (10.63%) SaaS
7 32 (9.20%) Azure Active Directory
8 31 (8.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 17 (4.89%) GCP
10 16 (4.60%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 13 (3.74%) Route 53
11 13 (3.74%) Serverless
12 12 (3.45%) Amazon EC2
13 11 (3.16%) Amazon ELB
13 11 (3.16%) GitHub
14 10 (2.87%) Amazon S3
14 10 (2.87%) AWS CloudFormation
15 9 (2.59%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 9 (2.59%) AWS CloudTrail
16 8 (2.30%) AWS Direct Connect
Communications & Networking
1 151 (43.39%) Firewall
2 79 (22.70%) WAN
3 66 (18.97%) DNS
4 64 (18.39%) LAN
5 61 (17.53%) BGP
6 56 (16.09%) TCP/IP
7 52 (14.94%) IPsec
8 47 (13.51%) MPLS
9 46 (13.22%) Network Security
10 45 (12.93%) OSPF
11 44 (12.64%) SSL
12 41 (11.78%) Wireless
13 32 (9.20%) DHCP
14 28 (8.05%) SD-WAN
15 25 (7.18%) VLAN
16 24 (6.90%) Internet
17 20 (5.75%) IKE
18 18 (5.17%) EIGRP
19 17 (4.89%) VXLAN
19 17 (4.89%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (5.75%) SQL Server
2 9 (2.59%) Amazon RDS
3 5 (1.44%) Amazon Athena
4 4 (1.15%) DB2
4 4 (1.15%) MySQL
5 3 (0.86%) Azure SQL Database
5 3 (0.86%) Hadoop
6 2 (0.57%) Apache Hive
6 2 (0.57%) Big Data
6 2 (0.57%) NoSQL
6 2 (0.57%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.29%) BigQuery
7 1 (0.29%) Cloudera CDH
7 1 (0.29%) Oracle Database
7 1 (0.29%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 13 (3.74%) Jenkins
2 12 (3.45%) Git (software)
3 11 (3.16%) JIRA
4 8 (2.30%) Sonatype Nexus
4 8 (2.30%) Terragrunt
5 7 (2.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 6 (1.72%) Maven
7 4 (1.15%) Bitbucket
7 4 (1.15%) Subversion
8 3 (0.86%) GitLab
8 3 (0.86%) GoCD
9 2 (0.57%) Artifactory
9 2 (0.57%) TeamCity
9 2 (0.57%) VSS/SourceSafe
10 1 (0.29%) Axure RP
10 1 (0.29%) JMeter
10 1 (0.29%) Mercurial
10 1 (0.29%) Selenium
10 1 (0.29%) SonarQube
10 1 (0.29%) Xcode
General
1 58 (16.67%) Finance
2 42 (12.07%) Social Skills
3 27 (7.76%) Telecoms
4 22 (6.32%) Analytical Skills
5 17 (4.89%) Games
6 14 (4.02%) Banking
7 11 (3.16%) Legal
8 10 (2.87%) Financial Institution
8 10 (2.87%) Retail
9 9 (2.59%) Law
9 9 (2.59%) Public Sector
10 6 (1.72%) Documentation Skills
11 4 (1.15%) Organisational Skills
12 3 (0.86%) Advertising
12 3 (0.86%) Presentation Skills
13 2 (0.57%) Billing
13 2 (0.57%) Front Office
13 2 (0.57%) Military
13 2 (0.57%) Multimedia
13 2 (0.57%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 75 (21.55%) Network Engineer
2 72 (20.69%) Architect
3 37 (10.63%) Analyst
4 29 (8.33%) Security Architect
5 27 (7.76%) Security Engineer
6 25 (7.18%) Cloud Engineer
7 24 (6.90%) AWS Architect
8 22 (6.32%) Design Engineer
9 21 (6.03%) DevOps Engineer
10 20 (5.75%) Azure Engineer
10 20 (5.75%) Lead Architect
11 19 (5.46%) Lead Security Architect
12 18 (5.17%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 18 (5.17%) Support Engineer
13 15 (4.31%) Network Architect
13 15 (4.31%) Support Analyst
14 14 (4.02%) Cloud Architect
15 13 (3.74%) AWS Engineer
15 13 (3.74%) Azure Architect
15 13 (3.74%) IT Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (9.77%) OAuth
2 30 (8.62%) OAuth2
3 12 (3.45%) LDAP
4 10 (2.87%) Azure Blueprints
4 10 (2.87%) SAML
5 8 (2.30%) FIX Protocol
5 8 (2.30%) JSON
6 7 (2.01%) ARM Templates
6 7 (2.01%) REST
7 6 (1.72%) Spring
7 6 (1.72%) Spring Boot
8 5 (1.44%) RESTful
9 4 (1.15%) WebSphere MQ
9 4 (1.15%) XMPP
10 3 (0.86%) EJB
10 3 (0.86%) Hibernate
10 3 (0.86%) Java EE
10 3 (0.86%) LAMP
10 3 (0.86%) Web Services
10 3 (0.86%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 52 (14.94%) Data Centre
2 30 (8.62%) PKI
3 25 (7.18%) Private Cloud
4 23 (6.61%) Public Cloud
5 13 (3.74%) Hybrid Cloud
6 11 (3.16%) Mobile App
7 10 (2.87%) iPhone
8 8 (2.30%) Fibre Optics
8 8 (2.30%) Hedge funds
8 8 (2.30%) iPad
9 7 (2.01%) Greenfield Project
10 6 (1.72%) Self-Motivation
10 6 (1.72%) Video Conferencing
11 5 (1.44%) BYOD
11 5 (1.44%) Cloud Native
12 4 (1.15%) Analytical Mindset
12 4 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
12 4 (1.15%) Linux Command Line
12 4 (1.15%) Mobile Computing
12 4 (1.15%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 152 (43.68%) Windows
2 95 (27.30%) Linux
3 48 (13.79%) Windows 10
4 35 (10.06%) Windows Server
5 30 (8.62%) Windows 7
6 20 (5.75%) Apple iOS
6 20 (5.75%) Windows Server 2008
7 17 (4.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (4.31%) Unix
9 14 (4.02%) Android
10 13 (3.74%) Windows Server 2019
11 12 (3.45%) Ubuntu
12 10 (2.87%) Windows Server 2016
13 9 (2.59%) Mac OS
14 7 (2.01%) Windows Server 2012
15 4 (1.15%) HPUX
15 4 (1.15%) Windows Mobile
15 4 (1.15%) Windows XP
16 3 (0.86%) Mac OS X
16 3 (0.86%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 68 (19.54%) DevOps
2 56 (16.09%) Migration
3 36 (10.34%) CI/CD
4 31 (8.91%) Cybersecurity
4 31 (8.91%) Infrastructure as Code
4 31 (8.91%) Problem-Solving
5 29 (8.33%) Application Security
6 26 (7.47%) Network Virtualisation
7 25 (7.18%) Agile Software Development
7 25 (7.18%) Change Management
7 25 (7.18%) Data Loss Prevention
7 25 (7.18%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 25 (7.18%) ITIL
7 25 (7.18%) Network Design
7 25 (7.18%) Vulnerability Management
8 24 (6.90%) Identity Access Management
9 23 (6.61%) Load Balancing
10 22 (6.32%) Key Management
11 20 (5.75%) Password Management
11 20 (5.75%) Zero Trust
Programming Languages
1 50 (14.37%) Python
2 45 (12.93%) PowerShell
3 24 (6.90%) SQL
4 23 (6.61%) Bash
5 22 (6.32%) Java
6 8 (2.30%) C#
6 8 (2.30%) JavaScript
6 8 (2.30%) Shell Script
7 6 (1.72%) Go
8 5 (1.44%) C
8 5 (1.44%) Perl
8 5 (1.44%) Ruby
9 2 (0.57%) R
10 1 (0.29%) Apex Code
10 1 (0.29%) C++
10 1 (0.29%) PHP
10 1 (0.29%) PHP 7
10 1 (0.29%) PL/SQL
10 1 (0.29%) Rust
Qualifications
1 45 (12.93%) Cisco Certification
2 26 (7.47%) CCNP
3 18 (5.17%) CCIE
3 18 (5.17%) Degree
4 16 (4.60%) CCNA
4 16 (4.60%) Security Cleared
5 13 (3.74%) SC Cleared
6 12 (3.45%) CISSP
7 11 (3.16%) Microsoft Certification
8 7 (2.01%) JNCIS
9 6 (1.72%) CCDA
9 6 (1.72%) ITIL Certification
9 6 (1.72%) JNCIA
9 6 (1.72%) JNCIP
10 5 (1.44%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (1.15%) AWS Certification
11 4 (1.15%) CCIE Security
11 4 (1.15%) Computer Science Degree
12 3 (0.86%) CCIE Routing and Switching
12 3 (0.86%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (6.90%) SLA
2 15 (4.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 8 (2.30%) GDPR
3 8 (2.30%) NIST
4 5 (1.44%) NIST 800
4 5 (1.44%) PCI DSS
5 4 (1.15%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 2 (0.57%) SOC 2
7 1 (0.29%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.29%) PMO
7 1 (0.29%) QA
7 1 (0.29%) SOC 1
System Software
1 98 (28.16%) Active Directory
2 45 (12.93%) VMware Infrastructure
3 37 (10.63%) Docker
4 27 (7.76%) VMware Workstation
5 20 (5.75%) vCloud
6 13 (3.74%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (3.74%) VMware NSX
7 12 (3.45%) VMware ESXi
8 11 (3.16%) vSphere
9 10 (2.87%) Virtual Desktop
10 8 (2.30%) Hyper-V
11 3 (0.86%) VMware Server
12 2 (0.57%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
12 2 (0.57%) KVM
13 1 (0.29%) BitLocker
13 1 (0.29%) DFS Replication
13 1 (0.29%) iptables
13 1 (0.29%) Terminal Services
13 1 (0.29%) Xen
13 1 (0.29%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 60 (17.24%) Terraform
2 43 (12.36%) Kubernetes
3 36 (10.34%) Ansible
4 23 (6.61%) Microsoft Intune
5 18 (5.17%) Nagios
6 14 (4.02%) SCCM
6 14 (4.02%) Single Sign-On
7 10 (2.87%) Prometheus
8 9 (2.59%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 9 (2.59%) Puppet
8 9 (2.59%) ZABBIX
9 8 (2.30%) BladeLogic
9 8 (2.30%) ITRS Geneos
10 6 (1.72%) Jamf Pro
10 6 (1.72%) Opscode Chef
11 5 (1.44%) AirWatch
11 5 (1.44%) FortiGate
12 4 (1.15%) HP SiteScope
13 3 (0.86%) Packer
13 3 (0.86%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 98 (28.16%) Cisco
2 83 (23.85%) VMware
3 79 (22.70%) Microsoft
4 32 (9.20%) Palo Alto
5 29 (8.33%) Citrix
5 29 (8.33%) Oracle
6 26 (7.47%) SolarWinds
7 23 (6.61%) Juniper
8 22 (6.32%) F5
9 20 (5.75%) CA
10 18 (5.17%) Nokia
11 17 (4.89%) CheckPoint
12 16 (4.60%) Dell
12 16 (4.60%) HP
12 16 (4.60%) Splunk
13 15 (4.31%) Red Hat
14 14 (4.02%) Aruba
14 14 (4.02%) Meraki
15 13 (3.74%) IBM
15 13 (3.74%) Veeam