Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 256 298 225
Rank change year-on-year +42 -73 -24
Contract jobs citing VPN 414 221 183
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.04% 0.80% 1.04%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.73% 8.65% 9.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 309 148 130
10th Percentile £250 £249 £199
25th Percentile £413 £349 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £450 £475
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -5.26% -
75th Percentile £613 £548 £550
90th Percentile £675 £620 £638
England median daily rate £475 £425 £438
% change year-on-year +11.76% -2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 6
10th Percentile - - £13.42
25th Percentile £25.50 - £21.41
Median hourly rate £28.50 £50.00 £46.13
Median % change year-on-year -43.00% +8.40% +40.47%
75th Percentile £46.50 - £49.69
90th Percentile £47.75 - £50.00
England median hourly rate £20.51 £19.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year +7.95% - +10.14%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 3,860 2,556 1,907
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.68% 9.23% 10.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,746 1,762 1,313
10th Percentile £313 £300 £250
25th Percentile £450 £400 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £460
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +8.70% -3.16%
75th Percentile £652 £600 £575
90th Percentile £750 £690 £663
England median daily rate £500 £450 £441
% change year-on-year +11.11% +2.04% +2.20%
Number of hourly rates quoted 89 25 50
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.90 £15.18
25th Percentile £23.91 £21.25 £20.69
Median hourly rate £27.50 £34.00 £40.75
Median % change year-on-year -19.12% -16.56% +91.76%
75th Percentile £44.50 £51.00 £47.83
90th Percentile £67.50 £74.80 £53.75
England median hourly rate £25.00 £23.63 £21.88
% change year-on-year +5.82% +8.00% +9.38%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Daily rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -2 50 £525 +23.53% 24
South London -9 13 £513 +27.17% 7
West London -1 9 £220 -55.01% 9
North London -3 2 £368 +137.10%
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 218 (52.66%) Firewall
2 164 (39.61%) Windows
3 153 (36.96%) Azure
4 144 (34.78%) Microsoft
5 137 (33.09%) Cisco
6 121 (29.23%) WAN
7 120 (28.99%) Linux
8 103 (24.88%) AWS
9 88 (21.26%) Active Directory
10 86 (20.77%) DNS
11 85 (20.53%) BGP
12 81 (19.57%) MPLS
13 80 (19.32%) LAN
14 77 (18.60%) VMware
14 77 (18.60%) Microsoft 365
15 75 (18.12%) DevOps
16 74 (17.87%) IPsec
17 68 (16.43%) Cisco Certification
18 67 (16.18%) Finance
18 67 (16.18%) Terraform
19 66 (15.94%) Ansible
20 65 (15.70%) Python
20 65 (15.70%) Network Security
21 61 (14.73%) VMware Infrastructure
22 60 (14.49%) Palo Alto
23 59 (14.25%) SSL
23 59 (14.25%) Migration
24 58 (14.01%) TCP/IP
24 58 (14.01%) Social Skills
25 56 (13.53%) SD-WAN

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (4.35%) OpenStack
1 18 (4.35%) SharePoint
2 15 (3.62%) Confluence
3 13 (3.14%) WebSphere
4 9 (2.17%) MS Exchange
5 6 (1.45%) Drupal
6 4 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
6 4 (0.97%) Skype for Business
7 3 (0.72%) IIS
8 2 (0.48%) CMS
9 1 (0.24%) Apache
9 1 (0.24%) JBoss
9 1 (0.24%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.24%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.24%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 46 (11.11%) Microsoft Office
2 24 (5.80%) MS Visio
3 5 (1.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 7 (1.69%) RMDS
2 2 (0.48%) Elite 3E
2 2 (0.48%) Oracle ERP
2 2 (0.48%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.24%) Sage X3
Cloud Services
1 153 (36.96%) Azure
2 103 (24.88%) AWS
3 77 (18.60%) Microsoft 365
4 45 (10.87%) GCP
5 37 (8.94%) Azure Active Directory
6 34 (8.21%) SaaS
7 33 (7.97%) PaaS
8 29 (7.00%) IaaS
9 23 (5.56%) Azure DevOps
9 23 (5.56%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 22 (5.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 14 (3.38%) OneDrive
12 7 (1.69%) AWS Direct Connect
13 6 (1.45%) Amazon EC2
13 6 (1.45%) AWS CloudFormation
13 6 (1.45%) Power Platform
13 6 (1.45%) Serverless
14 5 (1.21%) Azure Sentinel
14 5 (1.21%) Azure Stack
14 5 (1.21%) Google Workspace
Communications & Networking
1 218 (52.66%) Firewall
2 121 (29.23%) WAN
3 86 (20.77%) DNS
4 85 (20.53%) BGP
5 81 (19.57%) MPLS
6 80 (19.32%) LAN
7 74 (17.87%) IPsec
8 65 (15.70%) Network Security
9 59 (14.25%) SSL
10 58 (14.01%) TCP/IP
11 56 (13.53%) SD-WAN
12 51 (12.32%) OSPF
13 48 (11.59%) Wireless
14 46 (11.11%) DHCP
15 31 (7.49%) Internet
16 29 (7.00%) Multicast
17 28 (6.76%) Cisco ASA
17 28 (6.76%) Cisco ISE
17 28 (6.76%) EIGRP
18 27 (6.52%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (4.35%) SQL Server
2 11 (2.66%) DB2
3 7 (1.69%) MariaDB
3 7 (1.69%) PostgreSQL
4 6 (1.45%) MySQL
4 6 (1.45%) NoSQL
5 5 (1.21%) BigQuery
5 5 (1.21%) Power BI
6 4 (0.97%) Data Lake
6 4 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
7 3 (0.72%) Amazon RDS
7 3 (0.72%) Azure SQL Database
7 3 (0.72%) Relational Database
7 3 (0.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 2 (0.48%) DynamoDB
8 2 (0.48%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 28 (6.76%) Jenkins
2 19 (4.59%) JIRA
3 16 (3.86%) Git (software)
4 8 (1.93%) Sonatype Nexus
5 5 (1.21%) GitLab
6 4 (0.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 4 (0.97%) Subversion
7 3 (0.72%) GoCD
8 2 (0.48%) Fiddler
8 2 (0.48%) Postman
8 2 (0.48%) SoapUI
9 1 (0.24%) JMeter
9 1 (0.24%) Mercurial
9 1 (0.24%) Selenium
9 1 (0.24%) TeamCity
General
1 67 (16.18%) Finance
2 58 (14.01%) Social Skills
3 25 (6.04%) Banking
4 24 (5.80%) Public Sector
4 24 (5.80%) Retail
5 23 (5.56%) Analytical Skills
6 20 (4.83%) Telecoms
7 11 (2.66%) Games
8 9 (2.17%) Investment Banking
8 9 (2.17%) Military
9 7 (1.69%) Documentation Skills
9 7 (1.69%) Law
9 7 (1.69%) Presentation Skills
10 5 (1.21%) Billing
10 5 (1.21%) Legal
10 5 (1.21%) Local Government
11 4 (0.97%) Organisational Skills
12 3 (0.72%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 3 (0.72%) Manufacturing
13 2 (0.48%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 99 (23.91%) Network Engineer
2 49 (11.84%) Architect
3 35 (8.45%) Analyst
4 34 (8.21%) DevOps Engineer
5 26 (6.28%) Security Engineer
6 24 (5.80%) Support Engineer
7 20 (4.83%) Cloud Engineer
8 19 (4.59%) Azure Engineer
8 19 (4.59%) Desktop Support
9 18 (4.35%) 2nd Line Support
10 17 (4.11%) Cloud Architect
11 16 (3.86%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 16 (3.86%) Security Architect
12 15 (3.62%) 2nd Line Engineer
12 15 (3.62%) GCP Engineer
12 15 (3.62%) Infrastructure Architect
13 14 (3.38%) Design Engineer
13 14 (3.38%) Solutions Architect
14 13 (3.14%) 2nd Line Support Engineer
14 13 (3.14%) Network Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (4.11%) OAuth
1 17 (4.11%) OAuth2
2 11 (2.66%) WebSphere MQ
3 7 (1.69%) FIX Protocol
3 7 (1.69%) JSON
4 6 (1.45%) Software Packaging
4 6 (1.45%) Web Services
5 5 (1.21%) XML
6 4 (0.97%) ARM Templates
6 4 (0.97%) Azure Blueprints
7 3 (0.72%) 802.1X
7 3 (0.72%) LDAP
7 3 (0.72%) Middleware
7 3 (0.72%) REST
7 3 (0.72%) SAML
7 3 (0.72%) SOAP
7 3 (0.72%) YAML
8 2 (0.48%) CSS
8 2 (0.48%) Oracle Fusion
8 2 (0.48%) XMPP
Miscellaneous
1 56 (13.53%) Data Centre
2 38 (9.18%) Private Cloud
3 32 (7.73%) Public Cloud
4 30 (7.25%) PKI
5 26 (6.28%) Management Information System
6 19 (4.59%) Hybrid Cloud
7 10 (2.42%) Self-Motivation
8 8 (1.93%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 7 (1.69%) Smartphone
10 6 (1.45%) iPhone
10 6 (1.45%) Mobile App
11 5 (1.21%) BYOD
11 5 (1.21%) Data Protection Act
11 5 (1.21%) Fat Client
11 5 (1.21%) Thin Client
11 5 (1.21%) Video Conferencing
12 4 (0.97%) Clustering
12 4 (0.97%) Fibre Optics
12 4 (0.97%) IoT
12 4 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 164 (39.61%) Windows
2 120 (28.99%) Linux
3 50 (12.08%) Windows 10
4 30 (7.25%) Windows Server
5 29 (7.00%) Unix
6 25 (6.04%) Apple iOS
7 22 (5.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 19 (4.59%) Android
9 16 (3.86%) Windows 7
10 13 (3.14%) Mac OS
11 11 (2.66%) HPUX
11 11 (2.66%) Windows Server 2008
12 7 (1.69%) Windows 8
12 7 (1.69%) Windows Server 2019
13 5 (1.21%) Windows Mobile
14 4 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
15 3 (0.72%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.72%) Windows Server 2003
15 3 (0.72%) Windows Server 2016
16 2 (0.48%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 75 (18.12%) DevOps
2 59 (14.25%) Migration
3 44 (10.63%) Load Balancing
4 41 (9.90%) ITIL
5 40 (9.66%) CI/CD
6 39 (9.42%) Agile
7 38 (9.18%) Problem-Solving
8 37 (8.94%) Cybersecurity
9 32 (7.73%) Data Loss Prevention
10 31 (7.49%) Vulnerability Management
11 26 (6.28%) Change Management
12 25 (6.04%) Infrastructure as Code
13 24 (5.80%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 23 (5.56%) Application Security
14 23 (5.56%) Identity Access Management
14 23 (5.56%) Zero Trust
15 22 (5.31%) SIEM
16 21 (5.07%) Network Design
17 20 (4.83%) SDLC
18 18 (4.35%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 65 (15.70%) Python
2 49 (11.84%) PowerShell
3 34 (8.21%) SQL
4 29 (7.00%) Bash
5 21 (5.07%) Java
6 15 (3.62%) Shell Script
7 11 (2.66%) C
7 11 (2.66%) JavaScript
7 11 (2.66%) Perl
7 11 (2.66%) Ruby
8 10 (2.42%) Go
9 9 (2.17%) C#
10 3 (0.72%) T-SQL
10 3 (0.72%) VBScript
11 2 (0.48%) Lisp
11 2 (0.48%) PL/SQL
11 2 (0.48%) VB
12 1 (0.24%) PHP
Qualifications
1 68 (16.43%) Cisco Certification
2 47 (11.35%) Security Cleared
3 43 (10.39%) CCNP
4 41 (9.90%) SC Cleared
5 32 (7.73%) Degree
6 25 (6.04%) CCIE
7 19 (4.59%) JNCIS
8 16 (3.86%) CCNA
9 10 (2.42%) DV Cleared
10 8 (1.93%) JNCIA
10 8 (1.93%) TOGAF Certification
11 7 (1.69%) CCDP
11 7 (1.69%) CCIP
12 6 (1.45%) CISSP
12 6 (1.45%) RHCE
13 5 (1.21%) AWS Certification
13 5 (1.21%) RHCA
14 4 (0.97%) CCIE Routing and Switching
14 4 (0.97%) CCIE Security
14 4 (0.97%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (4.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 15 (3.62%) SLA
3 12 (2.90%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 9 (2.17%) QA
5 8 (1.93%) GDPR
6 4 (0.97%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 3 (0.72%) NIST
7 3 (0.72%) PSD2
8 2 (0.48%) Cyber Essentials
8 2 (0.48%) DICOM
8 2 (0.48%) HL7
9 1 (0.24%) COBIT
9 1 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 1 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.24%) PMO
System Software
1 88 (21.26%) Active Directory
2 61 (14.73%) VMware Infrastructure
3 42 (10.14%) Docker
4 22 (5.31%) Virtual Machines
5 16 (3.86%) vCloud
5 16 (3.86%) VMware Workstation
6 14 (3.38%) vSphere
7 13 (3.14%) VMware ESXi
8 9 (2.17%) Hyper-V
9 8 (1.93%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 7 (1.69%) BitLocker
11 6 (1.45%) Microsoft App-V
11 6 (1.45%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.48%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 2 (0.48%) Firmware
12 2 (0.48%) iptables
12 2 (0.48%) Terminal Services
12 2 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
13 1 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
13 1 (0.24%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 67 (16.18%) Terraform
2 66 (15.94%) Ansible
3 43 (10.39%) Kubernetes
4 31 (7.49%) Microsoft Intune
5 27 (6.52%) SCCM
6 16 (3.86%) Nagios
7 15 (3.62%) ZABBIX
8 14 (3.38%) Puppet
9 13 (3.14%) Grafana
10 12 (2.90%) Opscode Chef
11 9 (2.17%) Prometheus
11 9 (2.17%) Single Sign-On
12 7 (1.69%) AirWatch
12 7 (1.69%) BladeLogic
12 7 (1.69%) FortiGate
12 7 (1.69%) ITRS Geneos
13 6 (1.45%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 6 (1.45%) CASB
13 6 (1.45%) WSUS
14 5 (1.21%) Nessus
Vendors
1 144 (34.78%) Microsoft
2 137 (33.09%) Cisco
3 77 (18.60%) VMware
4 60 (14.49%) Palo Alto
5 56 (13.53%) Oracle
6 49 (11.84%) Juniper
7 47 (11.35%) Citrix
8 44 (10.63%) CheckPoint
9 36 (8.70%) HP
10 33 (7.97%) Red Hat
11 31 (7.49%) SolarWinds
12 30 (7.25%) F5
13 26 (6.28%) Google
14 25 (6.04%) Fortinet
15 24 (5.80%) IBM
16 23 (5.56%) Zscaler
17 22 (5.31%) Nokia
18 20 (4.83%) Meraki
19 17 (4.11%) CA
19 17 (4.11%) Qualys