Period
to 18 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 18 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
18 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 188 210 234
Rank change year-on-year +22 +24 -47
Contract jobs citing VPN 430 606 534
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.43% 1.36% 1.15%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 12.79% 12.84% 10.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 315 406 349
London median daily rate £425 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.03% -10.81%
10th Percentile £163 £180 £162
90th Percentile £638 £650 £625
England median daily rate £400 £413 £400
% change year-on-year -3.03% +3.13% -5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 14 19
London median hourly rate £18.70 £35.00 £18.10
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -46.57% +93.37% -27.60%
10th Percentile £12.88 £18.15 £14.73
90th Percentile £50.00 £115.00 £35.70
England median hourly rate £18.70 £16.91 £17.32
% change year-on-year +10.62% -2.38% -11.76%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 3,362 4,721 5,302
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 11.19% 10.61% 11.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,309 3,206 3,640
London median daily rate £432 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.59% +2.78% -
10th Percentile £183 £206 £213
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
England median daily rate £410 £425 £410
% change year-on-year -3.53% +3.66% +2.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 97 123 143
London median hourly rate £21.25 £24.23 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.30% +29.57% -5.12%
10th Percentile £14.17 £13.00 £12.55
90th Percentile £50.00 £55.29 £47.83
England median hourly rate £22.75 £18.76 £18.70
% change year-on-year +21.27% +0.32% -16.89%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VPN in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 18 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 18 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 18 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +46 100 £425 +6.25% 34
West London +28 25 £325 -3.70% 13
South London +54 16 £370 -43.03% 5
East London +28 8 £663 +1.92% 13
North London +15 1 - - 2
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 18 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 214 (49.77%) Cisco
2 176 (40.93%) Firewall
3 174 (40.47%) Windows
4 133 (30.93%) Active Directory
5 117 (27.21%) LAN
6 112 (26.05%) Office 365
7 110 (25.58%) WAN
8 106 (24.65%) Linux
9 104 (24.19%) Cisco Certification
10 97 (22.56%) TCP/IP
10 97 (22.56%) AWS
11 92 (21.40%) Azure
12 91 (21.16%) Microsoft
13 88 (20.47%) OSPF
14 87 (20.23%) MPLS
14 87 (20.23%) CCNP
15 86 (20.00%) DNS
16 85 (19.77%) Finance
17 84 (19.53%) ITIL
18 82 (19.07%) BGP
19 76 (17.67%) VMware
20 73 (16.98%) Wireless
21 72 (16.74%) Windows Server
22 71 (16.51%) Data Centre
22 71 (16.51%) Juniper
23 69 (16.05%) Security Cleared
24 67 (15.58%) DHCP
25 66 (15.35%) Windows 10
25 66 (15.35%) DevOps
26 63 (14.65%) Cisco Nexus

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (9.30%) MS Exchange
2 32 (7.44%) SharePoint
3 21 (4.88%) Exchange Server 2010
4 16 (3.72%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
4 16 (3.72%) IIS
4 16 (3.72%) Skype for Business
5 12 (2.79%) Confluence
5 12 (2.79%) Exchange Server 2013
6 11 (2.56%) OpenStack
7 6 (1.40%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (1.16%) Apache Spark
9 2 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.47%) Ethereum
9 2 (0.47%) Hyperledger
9 2 (0.47%) SharePoint 2013
9 2 (0.47%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.23%) GroupWise
10 1 (0.23%) nginx
10 1 (0.23%) Oracle Workflow
10 1 (0.23%) WordPress
Applications
1 55 (12.79%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (1.16%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.23%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 3 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.47%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.47%) R3 Corda
2 2 (0.47%) Remedy ITSM
2 2 (0.47%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 112 (26.05%) Office 365
2 97 (22.56%) AWS
3 92 (21.40%) Azure
4 35 (8.14%) Azure Active Directory
5 33 (7.67%) PaaS
6 32 (7.44%) IaaS
7 31 (7.21%) Amazon EC2
8 21 (4.88%) SaaS
9 19 (4.42%) Serverless
10 17 (3.95%) AWS CloudFormation
11 16 (3.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 14 (3.26%) AWS Lambda
13 11 (2.56%) Amazon S3
14 10 (2.33%) Amazon ECS
15 9 (2.09%) Datadog
16 7 (1.63%) Amazon ELB
17 6 (1.40%) Cloud Computing
18 5 (1.16%) Azure ExpressRoute
18 5 (1.16%) G Suite
18 5 (1.16%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 176 (40.93%) Firewall
2 117 (27.21%) LAN
3 110 (25.58%) WAN
4 97 (22.56%) TCP/IP
5 88 (20.47%) OSPF
6 87 (20.23%) MPLS
7 86 (20.00%) DNS
8 82 (19.07%) BGP
9 73 (16.98%) Wireless
10 67 (15.58%) DHCP
11 63 (14.65%) Cisco Nexus
11 63 (14.65%) Ethernet
11 63 (14.65%) Network Security
12 55 (12.79%) Cisco IOS
13 51 (11.86%) EIGRP
14 43 (10.00%) Cisco ASA
15 40 (9.30%) Wi-Fi
15 40 (9.30%) WLAN
16 39 (9.07%) Wireshark
17 38 (8.84%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (5.81%) PostgreSQL
2 24 (5.58%) Amazon RDS
2 24 (5.58%) SQL Server
3 7 (1.63%) Azure SQL Database
3 7 (1.63%) Big Data
3 7 (1.63%) MySQL
3 7 (1.63%) NoSQL
4 6 (1.40%) SQL Server 2012
5 5 (1.16%) Apache Hive
5 5 (1.16%) Hadoop
5 5 (1.16%) HBase
5 5 (1.16%) Power BI
5 5 (1.16%) SQL Server 2016
6 4 (0.93%) Sqoop
7 3 (0.70%) Data Warehouse
8 2 (0.47%) Blockchain
8 2 (0.47%) Relational Database
8 2 (0.47%) SQL Server 2017
8 2 (0.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1 (0.23%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 37 (8.60%) Git (software)
2 25 (5.81%) Sonatype Nexus
3 24 (5.58%) Jenkins
4 23 (5.35%) JIRA
5 16 (3.72%) GitLab
6 10 (2.33%) Subversion
7 8 (1.86%) CircleCI
8 6 (1.40%) Vagrant
8 6 (1.40%) VSS/SourceSafe
9 5 (1.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 5 (1.16%) JMeter
9 5 (1.16%) Team Foundation Server
10 4 (0.93%) Bitbucket
11 3 (0.70%) Octopus Deploy
11 3 (0.70%) Visual Studio Team System
12 2 (0.47%) SonarQube
13 1 (0.23%) Bitbucket Server
13 1 (0.23%) FishEye
13 1 (0.23%) MSI
13 1 (0.23%) TeamCity
General
1 85 (19.77%) Finance
2 33 (7.67%) Banking
3 27 (6.28%) Telecoms
4 18 (4.19%) Investment Banking
5 15 (3.49%) Law
6 13 (3.02%) Front Office
7 8 (1.86%) Multimedia
7 8 (1.86%) Public Sector
8 7 (1.63%) Games
8 7 (1.63%) Legal
9 4 (0.93%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.70%) Electronics
10 3 (0.70%) Marketing
10 3 (0.70%) Publishing
10 3 (0.70%) Retail
11 2 (0.47%) Advertising
11 2 (0.47%) Italian Language
11 2 (0.47%) Mandarin Language
12 1 (0.23%) Back Office
12 1 (0.23%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 105 (24.42%) Network Engineer
2 51 (11.86%) Analyst
3 38 (8.84%) DevOps Engineer
3 38 (8.84%) Support Engineer
4 30 (6.98%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 29 (6.74%) Cisco Engineer
5 29 (6.74%) Cisco Network Engineer
5 29 (6.74%) Senior Network Engineer
6 28 (6.51%) Administrator
7 24 (5.58%) Desktop Support
8 23 (5.35%) Service Analyst
9 22 (5.12%) AWS Engineer
10 20 (4.65%) Service Desk Analyst
11 19 (4.42%) Network Administrator
12 18 (4.19%) IT Support
13 17 (3.95%) Juniper Engineer
13 17 (3.95%) Security Engineer
14 16 (3.72%) Architect
14 16 (3.72%) Consultant
15 15 (3.49%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (6.98%) 802.1X
2 26 (6.05%) Web Services
3 21 (4.88%) Elastic Stack
3 21 (4.88%) JSON
4 7 (1.63%) LDAP
5 6 (1.40%) SAML
6 4 (0.93%) OAuth
6 4 (0.93%) YAML
7 3 (0.70%) FIX Protocol
7 3 (0.70%) Jinja
7 3 (0.70%) LAMP
7 3 (0.70%) Node.js
8 2 (0.47%) Qt
8 2 (0.47%) REST
8 2 (0.47%) RESTful
8 2 (0.47%) STL
9 1 (0.23%) HTML
9 1 (0.23%) HTML5
9 1 (0.23%) Middleware
9 1 (0.23%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 71 (16.51%) Data Centre
2 30 (6.98%) iPhone
3 25 (5.81%) Video Conferencing
4 21 (4.88%) Smartphone
5 20 (4.65%) Blackberry
6 18 (4.19%) Management Information System
7 16 (3.72%) Analytical Skills
7 16 (3.72%) PKI
8 12 (2.79%) Public Cloud
9 11 (2.56%) Cyberthreat
9 11 (2.56%) Replication
10 10 (2.33%) iPad
11 9 (2.09%) Fibre Optics
12 8 (1.86%) Hybrid Cloud
13 7 (1.63%) Clustering
13 7 (1.63%) Enterprise Cloud
13 7 (1.63%) Hedge funds
14 6 (1.40%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 6 (1.40%) Mobile Computing
15 5 (1.16%) Handset
Operating Systems
1 174 (40.47%) Windows
2 106 (24.65%) Linux
3 72 (16.74%) Windows Server
4 66 (15.35%) Windows 10
5 57 (13.26%) Windows 7
6 47 (10.93%) Android
7 27 (6.28%) Windows Server 2012
8 24 (5.58%) Ubuntu
9 22 (5.12%) Windows Server 2008
10 14 (3.26%) Windows Server 2003
11 13 (3.02%) Apple iOS
11 13 (3.02%) CentOS
11 13 (3.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 11 (2.56%) Unix
13 10 (2.33%) Mac OS
14 9 (2.09%) Mac OS X
14 9 (2.09%) SUSE
15 6 (1.40%) Windows Mobile
16 5 (1.16%) CoreOS
17 2 (0.47%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 84 (19.53%) ITIL
2 66 (15.35%) DevOps
3 56 (13.02%) Migration
4 48 (11.16%) Change Management
5 40 (9.30%) Network Design
6 39 (9.07%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 38 (8.84%) Configuration Management
7 38 (8.84%) Problem-Solving
8 36 (8.37%) Agile Software Development
9 27 (6.28%) Load Balancing
9 27 (6.28%) Network Management
10 24 (5.58%) SIEM
11 23 (5.35%) Continuous Delivery
12 21 (4.88%) Microservices
13 20 (4.65%) Continuous Integration
13 20 (4.65%) Infrastructure as Code
14 19 (4.42%) Project Management
15 16 (3.72%) Continuous Improvement
15 16 (3.72%) Information Security
15 16 (3.72%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 62 (14.42%) Python
2 40 (9.30%) Bash Shell
3 38 (8.84%) SQL
4 35 (8.14%) Perl
5 30 (6.98%) PowerShell
6 24 (5.58%) Ruby
7 13 (3.02%) Java
8 6 (1.40%) JavaScript
9 5 (1.16%) C#
9 5 (1.16%) Groovy
10 3 (0.70%) C
10 3 (0.70%) Shell Script
11 2 (0.47%) C++
11 2 (0.47%) Go
11 2 (0.47%) VBA
12 1 (0.23%) PL/SQL
12 1 (0.23%) R
12 1 (0.23%) Scala
Qualifications
1 104 (24.19%) Cisco Certification
2 87 (20.23%) CCNP
3 69 (16.05%) Security Cleared
4 48 (11.16%) SC Cleared
5 40 (9.30%) CCNA
6 33 (7.67%) JNCIP
7 23 (5.35%) ITIL Certification
8 21 (4.88%) CCIE
9 20 (4.65%) Degree
10 17 (3.95%) DV Cleared
11 15 (3.49%) CCDA
11 15 (3.49%) JNCIS
12 14 (3.26%) MCP
13 12 (2.79%) AWS Certification
13 12 (2.79%) Microsoft Certification
14 11 (2.56%) CISSP
15 10 (2.33%) JNCIE
16 9 (2.09%) CCDP
16 9 (2.09%) JNCIA
17 8 (1.86%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (4.65%) SLA
2 15 (3.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 14 (3.26%) PCI DSS
4 12 (2.79%) NIST
5 10 (2.33%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 7 (1.63%) GDPR
7 4 (0.93%) PMO
8 2 (0.47%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.47%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 1 (0.23%) QA
System Software
1 133 (30.93%) Active Directory
2 55 (12.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 41 (9.53%) Docker
4 31 (7.21%) Virtual Machines
5 28 (6.51%) Hyper-V
6 12 (2.79%) VMware ESXi
7 9 (2.09%) vSphere
8 8 (1.86%) Virtual Servers
9 7 (1.63%) VMware NSX
10 6 (1.40%) VMware Server
10 6 (1.40%) XenApp
11 5 (1.16%) HDFS
12 4 (0.93%) pfSense
12 4 (0.93%) XenDesktop
13 3 (0.70%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 2 (0.47%) Firmware
14 2 (0.47%) NFS
14 2 (0.47%) Terminal Services
14 2 (0.47%) VMFS
14 2 (0.47%) Xen
Systems Management
1 47 (10.93%) Ansible
1 47 (10.93%) Puppet
2 42 (9.77%) Nagios
3 40 (9.30%) Terraform
4 35 (8.14%) Opscode Chef
5 27 (6.28%) SCCM
6 21 (4.88%) AirWatch
6 21 (4.88%) Microsoft Intune
7 18 (4.19%) Single Sign-On
7 18 (4.19%) ZABBIX
8 17 (3.95%) Cisco Prime
9 16 (3.72%) Suricata
10 15 (3.49%) Cacti
10 15 (3.49%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 15 (3.49%) Kubernetes
10 15 (3.49%) Network Intrusion Detection System
11 14 (3.26%) NetMRI
11 14 (3.26%) Packer
11 14 (3.26%) Statseeker
12 9 (2.09%) WSUS
Vendors
1 214 (49.77%) Cisco
2 91 (21.16%) Microsoft
3 76 (17.67%) VMware
4 71 (16.51%) Juniper
5 52 (12.09%) Palo Alto
6 48 (11.16%) SolarWinds
7 47 (10.93%) Citrix
8 35 (8.14%) CheckPoint
9 29 (6.74%) ServiceNow
10 28 (6.51%) F5
11 27 (6.28%) Fortinet
12 26 (6.05%) Red Hat
13 25 (5.81%) Meraki
14 24 (5.58%) Aruba
14 24 (5.58%) Splunk
15 19 (4.42%) Ivanti
16 18 (4.19%) Dell
17 16 (3.72%) NetScout
17 16 (3.72%) Qualys
17 16 (3.72%) Solarflare