Period
to 15 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 15 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
15 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 195 234 267
Rank change year-on-year +39 +33 -66
Contract jobs citing VPN 486 569 481
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.35% 1.23% 1.02%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 12.37% 11.00% 8.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 346 385 302
London median daily rate £448 £418 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.19% +1.21% -13.16%
10th Percentile £173 £163 £163
90th Percentile £675 £625 £575
England median daily rate £400 £400 £400
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 16 28
London median hourly rate £18.70 £23.50 £18.40
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.43% +27.72% -33.09%
10th Percentile £14.00 £18.70 £15.85
90th Percentile £49.88 £115.00 £43.00
England median hourly rate £17.25 £18.70 £18.10
% change year-on-year -7.75% +3.31% -9.50%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 3,930 5,173 5,381
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 10.90% 11.15% 11.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,675 3,546 3,639
London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £192 £200 £213
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
England median daily rate £425 £425 £405
% change year-on-year - +4.94% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 102 133 149
London median hourly rate £21.00 £22.00 £19.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +12.82% +2.63%
10th Percentile £13.89 £13.15 £12.70
90th Percentile £53.63 £55.29 £48.01
England median hourly rate £25.12 £20.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year +25.60% +6.95% -16.89%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VPN in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 15 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +20 108 £428 +6.88% 40
South London +58 26 £534 +7.83% 9
West London +26 25 £425 +37.10% 24
East London +20 7 £663 +10.42% 13
North London +12 1 - - 4
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 15 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 208 (42.80%) Firewall
2 203 (41.77%) Cisco
3 192 (39.51%) Windows
4 150 (30.86%) Active Directory
5 127 (26.13%) WAN
6 124 (25.51%) AWS
7 123 (25.31%) Linux
8 120 (24.69%) Microsoft
9 117 (24.07%) Office 365
10 111 (22.84%) Azure
10 111 (22.84%) LAN
11 104 (21.40%) Cisco Certification
12 102 (20.99%) TCP/IP
13 93 (19.14%) DevOps
14 92 (18.93%) Finance
15 91 (18.72%) DNS
16 90 (18.52%) MPLS
17 87 (17.90%) BGP
18 84 (17.28%) Data Centre
19 83 (17.08%) ITIL
20 82 (16.87%) OSPF
21 80 (16.46%) CCNP
21 80 (16.46%) Security Cleared
22 79 (16.26%) DHCP
23 76 (15.64%) Windows Server
24 71 (14.61%) Docker
24 71 (14.61%) VMware
25 68 (13.99%) Network Security
26 66 (13.58%) Wireless
27 65 (13.37%) Ethernet

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (7.20%) MS Exchange
1 35 (7.20%) SharePoint
2 27 (5.56%) OpenStack
3 24 (4.94%) IIS
3 24 (4.94%) Skype for Business
4 23 (4.73%) Confluence
5 17 (3.50%) Exchange Server 2010
6 13 (2.67%) nginx
7 11 (2.26%) Exchange Server 2013
8 9 (1.85%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 7 (1.44%) Elasticsearch
10 4 (0.82%) Apache
11 3 (0.62%) SharePoint 2013
12 2 (0.41%) Cloud Foundry
12 2 (0.41%) Ethereum
12 2 (0.41%) Hyperledger
12 2 (0.41%) Tomcat
13 1 (0.21%) GroupWise
13 1 (0.21%) JBoss
13 1 (0.21%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 57 (11.73%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (2.26%) MS Visio
3 7 (1.44%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.41%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.62%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.41%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.41%) R3 Corda
3 2 (0.41%) RMDS
4 1 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.21%) Eikon
4 1 (0.21%) Global One
4 1 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 124 (25.51%) AWS
2 117 (24.07%) Office 365
3 111 (22.84%) Azure
4 50 (10.29%) PaaS
5 44 (9.05%) Azure Active Directory
6 39 (8.02%) Amazon EC2
7 37 (7.61%) IaaS
8 29 (5.97%) AWS CloudFormation
8 29 (5.97%) SaaS
9 23 (4.73%) Serverless
10 22 (4.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 21 (4.32%) AWS Lambda
12 19 (3.91%) Amazon S3
13 15 (3.09%) Amazon ECS
14 12 (2.47%) Datadog
15 11 (2.26%) Amazon ELB
16 10 (2.06%) OneDrive
17 8 (1.65%) GitHub
17 8 (1.65%) Route 53
18 7 (1.44%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 208 (42.80%) Firewall
2 127 (26.13%) WAN
3 111 (22.84%) LAN
4 102 (20.99%) TCP/IP
5 91 (18.72%) DNS
6 90 (18.52%) MPLS
7 87 (17.90%) BGP
8 82 (16.87%) OSPF
9 79 (16.26%) DHCP
10 68 (13.99%) Network Security
11 66 (13.58%) Wireless
12 65 (13.37%) Ethernet
13 53 (10.91%) EIGRP
14 52 (10.70%) VLAN
14 52 (10.70%) Wi-Fi
15 51 (10.49%) Cisco Nexus
16 45 (9.26%) Internet
17 44 (9.05%) Cisco ASA
18 42 (8.64%) IPsec
19 41 (8.44%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (6.17%) Amazon RDS
2 28 (5.76%) SQL Server
3 26 (5.35%) PostgreSQL
4 9 (1.85%) MySQL
5 7 (1.44%) NoSQL
6 6 (1.23%) Azure SQL Database
6 6 (1.23%) Relational Database
7 5 (1.03%) Power BI
7 5 (1.03%) SQL Server 2012
8 4 (0.82%) SQL Server 2016
9 3 (0.62%) Data Warehouse
10 2 (0.41%) Big Data
10 2 (0.41%) Blockchain
10 2 (0.41%) SQL Server 2017
10 2 (0.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 1 (0.21%) Amazon Redshift
11 1 (0.21%) Apache Cassandra
11 1 (0.21%) Apache Hive
11 1 (0.21%) HBase
11 1 (0.21%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 50 (10.29%) Git (software)
2 37 (7.61%) JIRA
3 30 (6.17%) Jenkins
4 16 (3.29%) GitLab
4 16 (3.29%) Sonatype Nexus
5 11 (2.26%) Subversion
6 8 (1.65%) CircleCI
7 6 (1.23%) Vagrant
8 5 (1.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 5 (1.03%) JMeter
8 5 (1.03%) VSS/SourceSafe
9 4 (0.82%) Team Foundation Server
10 3 (0.62%) Bitbucket
11 2 (0.41%) Hudson
11 2 (0.41%) Octopus Deploy
11 2 (0.41%) SonarQube
11 2 (0.41%) TeamCity
11 2 (0.41%) Visual Studio
11 2 (0.41%) Visual Studio Team System
12 1 (0.21%) Bower
General
1 92 (18.93%) Finance
2 45 (9.26%) Telecoms
3 28 (5.76%) Banking
4 27 (5.56%) Law
5 16 (3.29%) Legal
6 10 (2.06%) Marketing
6 10 (2.06%) Public Sector
7 9 (1.85%) Investment Banking
8 8 (1.65%) Multimedia
9 7 (1.44%) Games
10 6 (1.23%) Manufacturing
11 5 (1.03%) Electronics
11 5 (1.03%) Publishing
12 4 (0.82%) Front Office
12 4 (0.82%) Retail
13 3 (0.62%) Polish Language
14 2 (0.41%) Advertising
14 2 (0.41%) Financial Institution
14 2 (0.41%) Mandarin Language
15 1 (0.21%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 95 (19.55%) Network Engineer
2 51 (10.49%) DevOps Engineer
3 46 (9.47%) Architect
4 45 (9.26%) Support Engineer
5 41 (8.44%) Analyst
6 29 (5.97%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 28 (5.76%) AWS Engineer
7 28 (5.76%) Consultant
7 28 (5.76%) Security Architect
8 27 (5.56%) Desktop Support
9 26 (5.35%) Senior Network Engineer
10 22 (4.53%) Administrator
11 21 (4.32%) Cisco Engineer
12 19 (3.91%) Cisco Network Engineer
12 19 (3.91%) Cloud Architect
13 18 (3.70%) Cloud Engineer
14 17 (3.50%) 2nd Line Support
14 17 (3.50%) IT Support
15 15 (3.09%) Service Analyst
16 14 (2.88%) Desktop Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (5.76%) Web Services
2 25 (5.14%) 802.1X
3 24 (4.94%) JSON
4 19 (3.91%) Elastic Stack
5 9 (1.85%) Node.js
6 6 (1.23%) REST
6 6 (1.23%) YAML
7 4 (0.82%) Jinja
8 3 (0.62%) CSS
8 3 (0.62%) FIX Protocol
8 3 (0.62%) HTML
8 3 (0.62%) HTML5
8 3 (0.62%) J2EE
8 3 (0.62%) LAMP
8 3 (0.62%) SAML
8 3 (0.62%) SOAP
9 2 (0.41%) Middleware
9 2 (0.41%) Qt
9 2 (0.41%) Spring MVC
9 2 (0.41%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 84 (17.28%) Data Centre
2 35 (7.20%) Analytical Skills
3 30 (6.17%) PKI
4 21 (4.32%) Video Conferencing
5 19 (3.91%) iPhone
5 19 (3.91%) Management Information System
6 14 (2.88%) Smartphone
7 13 (2.67%) Blackberry
7 13 (2.67%) Hybrid Cloud
8 12 (2.47%) Replication
9 11 (2.26%) Clustering
9 11 (2.26%) Cyberthreat
9 11 (2.26%) Public Cloud
10 10 (2.06%) Fibre Optics
11 9 (1.85%) Mobile App
12 7 (1.44%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 7 (1.44%) Enterprise Cloud
13 6 (1.23%) Cloud Native
14 5 (1.03%) iPad
14 5 (1.03%) Mobile Computing
Operating Systems
1 192 (39.51%) Windows
2 123 (25.31%) Linux
3 76 (15.64%) Windows Server
4 63 (12.96%) Windows 10
5 55 (11.32%) Windows 7
6 44 (9.05%) Android
7 30 (6.17%) Unix
8 29 (5.97%) Windows Server 2012
9 23 (4.73%) Apple iOS
9 23 (4.73%) Ubuntu
10 21 (4.32%) Windows Server 2008
11 19 (3.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 14 (2.88%) Mac OS
13 13 (2.67%) CentOS
14 12 (2.47%) Mac OS X
14 12 (2.47%) Windows Mobile
15 10 (2.06%) Windows Server 2003
16 7 (1.44%) SUSE
17 5 (1.03%) CoreOS
18 4 (0.82%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 93 (19.14%) DevOps
2 83 (17.08%) ITIL
3 62 (12.76%) Migration
4 58 (11.93%) Agile Software Development
5 54 (11.11%) Problem-Solving
6 47 (9.67%) Configuration Management
7 42 (8.64%) Network Design
8 41 (8.44%) Continuous Integration
9 39 (8.02%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 35 (7.20%) SIEM
11 33 (6.79%) Load Balancing
12 32 (6.58%) Information Security
13 31 (6.38%) Network Management
14 30 (6.17%) Change Management
15 28 (5.76%) Continuous Delivery
16 25 (5.14%) High Availability
16 25 (5.14%) Security Architecture
17 23 (4.73%) Project Management
17 23 (4.73%) Service Delivery
18 20 (4.12%) Network Architecture
Programming Languages
1 63 (12.96%) Python
2 41 (8.44%) Bash Shell
3 34 (7.00%) SQL
4 33 (6.79%) PowerShell
5 28 (5.76%) Perl
6 21 (4.32%) Ruby
7 15 (3.09%) Java
8 8 (1.65%) JavaScript
9 7 (1.44%) C#
10 5 (1.03%) Groovy
11 3 (0.62%) C
12 2 (0.41%) C++
12 2 (0.41%) Go
12 2 (0.41%) VBA
13 1 (0.21%) R
13 1 (0.21%) Scala
13 1 (0.21%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 104 (21.40%) Cisco Certification
2 80 (16.46%) CCNP
2 80 (16.46%) Security Cleared
3 56 (11.52%) SC Cleared
4 36 (7.41%) CCIE
5 35 (7.20%) CCNA
6 30 (6.17%) Degree
7 25 (5.14%) JNCIP
8 24 (4.94%) AWS Certification
9 22 (4.53%) CISSP
10 17 (3.50%) DV Cleared
11 14 (2.88%) CCDA
11 14 (2.88%) ITIL Certification
12 13 (2.67%) IISP
12 13 (2.67%) JNCIE
13 12 (2.47%) MCP
14 11 (2.26%) Microsoft Certification
14 11 (2.26%) RHCE
15 10 (2.06%) CCDP
16 7 (1.44%) JNCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (4.94%) PCI DSS
2 21 (4.32%) SLA
3 16 (3.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 12 (2.47%) NIST
5 10 (2.06%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 5 (1.03%) GDPR
7 4 (0.82%) PMO
8 1 (0.21%) COBIT
8 1 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 1 (0.21%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 1 (0.21%) NIST 800
8 1 (0.21%) QA
8 1 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 150 (30.86%) Active Directory
2 71 (14.61%) Docker
3 52 (10.70%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (5.97%) Virtual Machines
5 27 (5.56%) Hyper-V
6 11 (2.26%) VMware ESXi
6 11 (2.26%) vSphere
7 9 (1.85%) XenApp
8 6 (1.23%) Virtual Servers
9 5 (1.03%) VMware NSX
10 4 (0.82%) pfSense
10 4 (0.82%) VMware Server
10 4 (0.82%) XenDesktop
11 3 (0.62%) NFS
11 3 (0.62%) VMFS
11 3 (0.62%) Xen
12 2 (0.41%) Firmware
13 1 (0.21%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 1 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
13 1 (0.21%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 55 (11.32%) Terraform
2 47 (9.67%) Ansible
3 39 (8.02%) Kubernetes
4 36 (7.41%) Puppet
5 28 (5.76%) Opscode Chef
5 28 (5.76%) SCCM
6 27 (5.56%) Nagios
7 25 (5.14%) Microsoft Intune
7 25 (5.14%) Packer
8 18 (3.70%) Suricata
9 15 (3.09%) Host Intrusion Detection System
9 15 (3.09%) Network Intrusion Detection System
9 15 (3.09%) Single Sign-On
10 14 (2.88%) CASB
10 14 (2.88%) Consul
11 13 (2.67%) AirWatch
12 10 (2.06%) WSUS
13 8 (1.65%) Cisco Prime
13 8 (1.65%) Prometheus
13 8 (1.65%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 203 (41.77%) Cisco
2 120 (24.69%) Microsoft
3 71 (14.61%) VMware
4 60 (12.35%) Juniper
5 53 (10.91%) Palo Alto
6 51 (10.49%) CheckPoint
7 44 (9.05%) Citrix
8 42 (8.64%) SolarWinds
9 34 (7.00%) F5
10 31 (6.38%) Splunk
11 30 (6.17%) Red Hat
12 28 (5.76%) Fortinet
13 25 (5.14%) Meraki
13 25 (5.14%) ServiceNow
14 23 (4.73%) Aruba
15 20 (4.12%) Apple
15 20 (4.12%) Dell
16 18 (3.70%) Qualys
17 17 (3.50%) Remedy
18 15 (3.09%) Riverbed