Period
to 29 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 29 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
29 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 184 218 234
Rank change year-on-year +34 +16 +25
Contract jobs citing VPN 177 464 529
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.32% 1.23% 1.16%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.51% 11.66% 9.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 128 334 374
Median daily rate £495 £450 £402
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +12.08% -5.53%
10th Percentile £315 £175 £152
90th Percentile £588 £675 £600
England median daily rate £450 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +12.50% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 12 14
Median hourly rate £29.34 £25.60 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.59% +2.40% +10.74%
10th Percentile £19.70 £13.89 £18.70
90th Percentile £34.43 £49.88 £115.00
England median hourly rate £19.38 £17.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year +10.71% -7.89% -

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 1,538 3,978 5,337
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 11.43% 10.53% 11.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 962 2,687 3,704
Median daily rate £464 £463 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.27% +0.54% +2.22%
10th Percentile £263 £204 £200
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
England median daily rate £438 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +2.94% - +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 108 134
Median hourly rate £35.00 £22.25 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +57.30% +11.25% +3.90%
10th Percentile £20.25 £14.00 £13.23
90th Percentile £57.25 £53.75 £53.99
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +37.25% +27.50% +8.11%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Daily rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 29 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +55 16 £518 +15.00% 17
West London +40 6 £225 -52.63% 3
East London +46 3 £175 -70.83% 4
South London +27 2 £438 -18.60% 1
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 29 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 90 (50.85%) Windows
1 90 (50.85%) Firewall
2 74 (41.81%) Azure
3 63 (35.59%) Active Directory
4 59 (33.33%) Cisco
5 54 (30.51%) WAN
6 50 (28.25%) Linux
7 48 (27.12%) Security Cleared
8 44 (24.86%) DMZ
9 43 (24.29%) DNS
10 42 (23.73%) Microsoft
11 40 (22.60%) SC Cleared
12 39 (22.03%) PaaS
13 38 (21.47%) Internet
13 38 (21.47%) Data Centre
14 36 (20.34%) LAN
15 35 (19.77%) Oracle
16 34 (19.21%) Office 365
17 33 (18.64%) AWS
18 32 (18.08%) Wireless
19 31 (17.51%) Java
19 31 (17.51%) DevOps
20 28 (15.82%) SaaS
20 28 (15.82%) Network Security
21 26 (14.69%) SIEM
22 25 (14.12%) C
22 25 (14.12%) Shell Script
23 24 (13.56%) OSPF
23 24 (13.56%) Cisco Certification
23 24 (13.56%) TCP/IP

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (7.91%) Skype for Business
2 12 (6.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 11 (6.21%) WebLogic
4 4 (2.26%) OpenStack
5 3 (1.69%) Apache Spark
5 3 (1.69%) Confluence
5 3 (1.69%) Jupyter
5 3 (1.69%) SharePoint
6 2 (1.13%) Apache
6 2 (1.13%) Exchange Server 2010
6 2 (1.13%) MS Exchange
7 1 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
7 1 (0.56%) Exchange Server 2007
7 1 (0.56%) Exchange Server 2013
7 1 (0.56%) IIS
7 1 (0.56%) MQSeries
7 1 (0.56%) nginx
7 1 (0.56%) SAS
7 1 (0.56%) Tomcat
7 1 (0.56%) WebSphere
Applications
1 7 (3.95%) MS Visio
2 6 (3.39%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (2.26%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (1.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.56%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 1 (0.56%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 74 (41.81%) Azure
2 39 (22.03%) PaaS
3 34 (19.21%) Office 365
4 33 (18.64%) AWS
5 28 (15.82%) SaaS
6 21 (11.86%) Azure Active Directory
6 21 (11.86%) IaaS
7 13 (7.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 7 (3.95%) Azure ExpressRoute
8 7 (3.95%) GCP
9 6 (3.39%) Amazon EC2
9 6 (3.39%) Amazon EKS
9 6 (3.39%) Amazon S3
9 6 (3.39%) AWS CloudFormation
9 6 (3.39%) Azure Stack
10 3 (1.69%) Cloud Computing
10 3 (1.69%) iPaaS
10 3 (1.69%) Serverless
11 2 (1.13%) OpenShift
11 2 (1.13%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 90 (50.85%) Firewall
2 54 (30.51%) WAN
3 44 (24.86%) DMZ
4 43 (24.29%) DNS
5 38 (21.47%) Internet
6 36 (20.34%) LAN
7 32 (18.08%) Wireless
8 28 (15.82%) Network Security
9 24 (13.56%) OSPF
9 24 (13.56%) TCP/IP
10 23 (12.99%) Wi-Fi
11 18 (10.17%) BGP
11 18 (10.17%) MPLS
12 16 (9.04%) Intranet
13 15 (8.47%) SNMP
14 14 (7.91%) Cisco ASA
14 14 (7.91%) Skype
15 11 (6.21%) Multicast
16 10 (5.65%) SSL
17 9 (5.08%) TACACS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (6.21%) Oracle ODI
2 4 (2.26%) PostgreSQL
3 3 (1.69%) Apache Hive
3 3 (1.69%) Big Data
3 3 (1.69%) DB2
3 3 (1.69%) Hadoop
3 3 (1.69%) NoSQL
3 3 (1.69%) SQL Server
4 2 (1.13%) Azure SQL Database
4 2 (1.13%) MySQL
4 2 (1.13%) Redis
4 2 (1.13%) Relational Database
5 1 (0.56%) Apache Cassandra
5 1 (0.56%) BigQuery
5 1 (0.56%) Bigtable
5 1 (0.56%) Data Warehouse
5 1 (0.56%) HBase
5 1 (0.56%) MongoDB
5 1 (0.56%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 12 (6.78%) Jenkins
2 10 (5.65%) JIRA
3 6 (3.39%) GitLab
4 5 (2.82%) Terragrunt
5 2 (1.13%) Artifactory
5 2 (1.13%) Git (software)
5 2 (1.13%) Sonatype Nexus
6 1 (0.56%) SonarQube
6 1 (0.56%) Team Foundation Server
6 1 (0.56%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 23 (12.99%) Finance
2 15 (8.47%) Public Sector
3 7 (3.95%) Telecoms
4 4 (2.26%) Manufacturing
5 3 (1.69%) Banking
5 3 (1.69%) Electronics
5 3 (1.69%) German Language
5 3 (1.69%) Marketing
6 2 (1.13%) Financial Institution
6 2 (1.13%) French Language
6 2 (1.13%) Local Government
6 2 (1.13%) Publishing
7 1 (0.56%) Advertising
7 1 (0.56%) Investment Banking
7 1 (0.56%) Italian Language
7 1 (0.56%) Legal
7 1 (0.56%) Retail
Job Titles
1 34 (19.21%) Network Engineer
2 22 (12.43%) Security Engineer
3 19 (10.73%) Architect
4 18 (10.17%) Analyst
5 16 (9.04%) Cloud Engineer
6 14 (7.91%) Developer
7 11 (6.21%) Cisco Engineer
8 10 (5.65%) Azure Engineer
8 10 (5.65%) Cisco Network Engineer
9 9 (5.08%) Cloud Developer
9 9 (5.08%) DevOps Engineer
10 8 (4.52%) Cloud Architect
10 8 (4.52%) Consultant
11 7 (3.95%) DV Cleared Network Engineer
11 7 (3.95%) Network Security Engineer
12 6 (3.39%) Azure Architect
12 6 (3.39%) Infrastructure Analyst
12 6 (3.39%) Senior Network Engineer
13 5 (2.82%) Security Specialist
13 5 (2.82%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (12.43%) .NET
2 17 (9.60%) Oracle Fusion
3 16 (9.04%) SAML
4 14 (7.91%) Web Services
5 4 (2.26%) LDAP
5 4 (2.26%) Middleware
5 4 (2.26%) REST
6 2 (1.13%) 802.1X
6 2 (1.13%) Elastic Stack
6 2 (1.13%) OAuth
7 1 (0.56%) HTML5
7 1 (0.56%) J2EE
7 1 (0.56%) Java SE
7 1 (0.56%) JSON
7 1 (0.56%) Node.js
7 1 (0.56%) OpenID
7 1 (0.56%) RabbitMQ
7 1 (0.56%) RESTful
7 1 (0.56%) SOAP
7 1 (0.56%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 38 (21.47%) Data Centre
2 21 (11.86%) PKI
3 15 (8.47%) Self-Motivation
4 10 (5.65%) Mobile App
5 7 (3.95%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
5 7 (3.95%) Public Cloud
6 6 (3.39%) Replication
7 5 (2.82%) Hybrid Cloud
8 4 (2.26%) Management Information System
8 4 (2.26%) RSA SecurID
9 3 (1.69%) Analytical Skills
9 3 (1.69%) Linux Command Line
9 3 (1.69%) NHS
9 3 (1.69%) Virtual Team
10 2 (1.13%) Algorithms
10 2 (1.13%) CESG
10 2 (1.13%) Mainframe
10 2 (1.13%) Smartphone
10 2 (1.13%) Social Media
10 2 (1.13%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 90 (50.85%) Windows
2 50 (28.25%) Linux
3 18 (10.17%) Unix
4 17 (9.60%) Windows Server
5 12 (6.78%) Windows Mobile
6 9 (5.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (5.08%) Windows 10
7 7 (3.95%) Apple iOS
7 7 (3.95%) Solaris
7 7 (3.95%) Windows 7
8 5 (2.82%) Android
8 5 (2.82%) Debian
8 5 (2.82%) Fedora
8 5 (2.82%) Ubuntu
9 4 (2.26%) NetWare
9 4 (2.26%) VMS
9 4 (2.26%) Windows Server 2016
9 4 (2.26%) Windows Server 2019
10 3 (1.69%) Windows Server 2008
10 3 (1.69%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 31 (17.51%) DevOps
2 26 (14.69%) SIEM
3 19 (10.73%) Dashboard Development
4 17 (9.60%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 17 (9.60%) Product Roadmap
5 16 (9.04%) Network Virtualisation
5 16 (9.04%) SOA
6 15 (8.47%) Agile Software Development
6 15 (8.47%) Multi-Factor Authentication
6 15 (8.47%) Security Architecture
7 14 (7.91%) Network Design
8 13 (7.34%) ITIL
8 13 (7.34%) Two-Factor Authentication
9 12 (6.78%) Microservices
9 12 (6.78%) Privileged Access Management
10 11 (6.21%) Network Monitoring
11 10 (5.65%) Business Development
11 10 (5.65%) Cybersecurity
11 10 (5.65%) Load Balancing
11 10 (5.65%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 31 (17.51%) Java
2 25 (14.12%) C
2 25 (14.12%) Shell Script
3 24 (13.56%) Bash Shell
4 23 (12.99%) Python
5 10 (5.65%) PowerShell
6 9 (5.08%) SQL
7 6 (3.39%) Perl
8 5 (2.82%) Ruby
9 3 (1.69%) R
10 1 (0.56%) C#
10 1 (0.56%) Groovy
10 1 (0.56%) JavaScript
10 1 (0.56%) PHP
Qualifications
1 48 (27.12%) Security Cleared
2 40 (22.60%) SC Cleared
3 24 (13.56%) Cisco Certification
4 22 (12.43%) DV Cleared
5 18 (10.17%) CISSP
6 15 (8.47%) CCNP
7 13 (7.34%) CCNA
8 9 (5.08%) Degree
9 7 (3.95%) Microsoft Certification
10 6 (3.39%) CCIE
10 6 (3.39%) MCSE
11 4 (2.26%) AWS Certification
12 3 (1.69%) CCDP
12 3 (1.69%) CCSP
12 3 (1.69%) ITIL Certification
13 2 (1.13%) CISA
13 2 (1.13%) CISM
13 2 (1.13%) JNCIS
13 2 (1.13%) NCDA
13 2 (1.13%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (1.69%) NIST
1 3 (1.69%) PCI DSS
2 2 (1.13%) QA
2 2 (1.13%) SLA
3 1 (0.56%) COBIT
3 1 (0.56%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.56%) FedRAMP
3 1 (0.56%) HIPAA
3 1 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 63 (35.59%) Active Directory
2 20 (11.30%) Virtual Machines
3 16 (9.04%) Docker
4 12 (6.78%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (4.52%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (2.26%) NFS
6 4 (2.26%) XenApp
7 3 (1.69%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 3 (1.69%) Hyper-V
7 3 (1.69%) vCloud
7 3 (1.69%) VMware NSX
7 3 (1.69%) XenDesktop
8 2 (1.13%) EMC RecoverPoint
8 2 (1.13%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (1.13%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.56%) HDFS
9 1 (0.56%) KVM
9 1 (0.56%) ProxySG
9 1 (0.56%) Samba
9 1 (0.56%) UAG
Systems Management
1 19 (10.73%) Kubernetes
2 16 (9.04%) Single Sign-On
3 14 (7.91%) Terraform
4 12 (6.78%) SCCM
5 11 (6.21%) Ansible
5 11 (6.21%) FortiGate
6 6 (3.39%) Microsoft Intune
7 5 (2.82%) Cisco Prime
8 4 (2.26%) Istio
8 4 (2.26%) Nessus
8 4 (2.26%) vMotion
9 3 (1.69%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (1.69%) Packer
9 3 (1.69%) Prometheus
10 2 (1.13%) Data Guard
10 2 (1.13%) EMC NetWorker
10 2 (1.13%) HAProxy
10 2 (1.13%) Oracle RMAN
10 2 (1.13%) Puppet
10 2 (1.13%) SCOM
Vendors
1 59 (33.33%) Cisco
2 42 (23.73%) Microsoft
3 35 (19.77%) Oracle
4 24 (13.56%) Palo Alto
5 20 (11.30%) CheckPoint
6 19 (10.73%) F5
6 19 (10.73%) Fortinet
7 18 (10.17%) VMware
8 16 (9.04%) Juniper
9 13 (7.34%) Meraki
10 12 (6.78%) CyberArk
11 11 (6.21%) NetApp
11 11 (6.21%) SolarWinds
12 10 (5.65%) Splunk
13 9 (5.08%) Citrix
14 8 (4.52%) HP
15 7 (3.95%) Red Hat
16 6 (3.39%) Blue Coat
16 6 (3.39%) Dell
17 5 (2.82%) Avaya