Period
to 12 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 12 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 277 213 197
Rank change year-on-year -64 -16 +31
Contract jobs citing VPN 203 247 593
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.86% 1.17% 1.45%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.71% 10.78% 14.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 126 180 410
10th Percentile £259 £172 £206
25th Percentile £339 £323 £325
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £445 £475
Median % change year-on-year +1.12% -6.32% +5.56%
75th Percentile £503 £540 £558
90th Percentile £600 £626 £675
England median daily rate £419 £400 £425
% change year-on-year +4.69% -5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 11 7
Median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £26.00
Median % change year-on-year +17.65% +63.46% +23.81%
England median hourly rate £19.00 £18.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +11.48%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 2,090 2,291 4,214
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 8.87% 10.88% 10.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,440 1,593 2,893
10th Percentile £300 £205 £220
25th Percentile £381 £338 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% -5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £575 £571 £575
90th Percentile £669 £650 £650
England median daily rate £438 £425 £426
% change year-on-year +2.94% -0.29% +0.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 70 92
10th Percentile £13.55 £14.50 £14.75
25th Percentile £21.34 £18.50 £17.75
Median hourly rate £47.50 £31.77 £23.37
Median % change year-on-year +49.51% +35.97% +18.35%
75th Percentile £64.69 £47.75 £40.65
90th Percentile £76.08 £52.63 £47.46
England median hourly rate £25.00 £19.50 £18.88
% change year-on-year +28.21% +3.31% -0.37%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Daily rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +17 31 £425 -5.56% 22
South London +37 7 £255 +24.39% 6
West London +9 6 £489 +122.27% 10
East London +14 2 £520 +44.44% 6
North London - 1 £155 - 1
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 92 (45.32%) Firewall
1 92 (45.32%) Azure
2 85 (41.87%) Windows
3 80 (39.41%) Cisco
3 80 (39.41%) Active Directory
4 73 (35.96%) Microsoft 365
5 60 (29.56%) WAN
6 55 (27.09%) Microsoft
7 42 (20.69%) MPLS
7 42 (20.69%) VMware
8 40 (19.70%) Wireless
8 40 (19.70%) AWS
9 39 (19.21%) BGP
10 37 (18.23%) LAN
11 36 (17.73%) Finance
12 34 (16.75%) Linux
12 34 (16.75%) Azure Active Directory
12 34 (16.75%) Data Centre
13 33 (16.26%) Cisco Certification
14 29 (14.29%) OSPF
14 29 (14.29%) DNS
14 29 (14.29%) Agile Software Development
14 29 (14.29%) Microsoft Intune
15 28 (13.79%) VMware Infrastructure
15 28 (13.79%) Wi-Fi
16 27 (13.30%) Juniper
16 27 (13.30%) Windows Server
16 27 (13.30%) Social Skills
17 25 (12.32%) CCNP
17 25 (12.32%) Telecoms

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (6.90%) Confluence
2 9 (4.43%) WebSphere
3 7 (3.45%) SharePoint
4 6 (2.96%) Skype for Business
5 2 (0.99%) Apache
5 2 (0.99%) MS Exchange
6 1 (0.49%) IIS
6 1 (0.49%) nginx
Applications
1 14 (6.90%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (4.43%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
Cloud Services
1 92 (45.32%) Azure
2 73 (35.96%) Microsoft 365
3 40 (19.70%) AWS
4 34 (16.75%) Azure Active Directory
5 22 (10.84%) SaaS
6 16 (7.88%) IaaS
6 16 (7.88%) PaaS
7 15 (7.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 11 (5.42%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 9 (4.43%) GCP
10 7 (3.45%) Amazon ECS
11 6 (2.96%) Route 53
12 5 (2.46%) Amazon S3
12 5 (2.46%) AWS Lambda
12 5 (2.46%) GitHub
12 5 (2.46%) Serverless
13 4 (1.97%) Amazon EC2
13 4 (1.97%) Amazon EKS
13 4 (1.97%) OneDrive
14 3 (1.48%) Akamai
Communications & Networking
1 92 (45.32%) Firewall
2 60 (29.56%) WAN
3 42 (20.69%) MPLS
4 40 (19.70%) Wireless
5 39 (19.21%) BGP
6 37 (18.23%) LAN
7 29 (14.29%) DNS
7 29 (14.29%) OSPF
8 28 (13.79%) Wi-Fi
9 23 (11.33%) Internet
9 23 (11.33%) Network Security
10 22 (10.84%) TCP/IP
11 18 (8.87%) VLAN
12 17 (8.37%) DHCP
13 15 (7.39%) SSL
14 14 (6.90%) EIGRP
14 14 (6.90%) SD-WAN
15 13 (6.40%) DMZ
16 12 (5.91%) Cisco IOS
16 12 (5.91%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (4.43%) DB2
2 5 (2.46%) Amazon RDS
2 5 (2.46%) SQL Server
3 4 (1.97%) MySQL
4 3 (1.48%) Apache Cassandra
5 2 (0.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 2 (0.99%) Azure SQL Database
5 2 (0.99%) NoSQL
5 2 (0.99%) Relational Database
6 1 (0.49%) Big Data
6 1 (0.49%) Electronic Patient Records
6 1 (0.49%) Ingres
6 1 (0.49%) SAP BW
Development Applications
1 17 (8.37%) JIRA
2 12 (5.91%) Jenkins
3 9 (4.43%) Git (software)
4 3 (1.48%) GitLab
5 2 (0.99%) Artifactory
5 2 (0.99%) Cucumber
5 2 (0.99%) JMeter
5 2 (0.99%) JUnit
5 2 (0.99%) Selenium
5 2 (0.99%) SonarQube
5 2 (0.99%) Sonatype Nexus
6 1 (0.49%) Arsenale Dataplane
6 1 (0.49%) Bitbucket
6 1 (0.49%) Rational Rhapsody
6 1 (0.49%) TestRail
6 1 (0.49%) Visual Studio
6 1 (0.49%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 36 (17.73%) Finance
2 27 (13.30%) Social Skills
3 25 (12.32%) Telecoms
4 21 (10.34%) Public Sector
5 16 (7.88%) Banking
6 12 (5.91%) Marketing
7 11 (5.42%) Electronics
7 11 (5.42%) Manufacturing
7 11 (5.42%) Publishing
8 6 (2.96%) Analytical Skills
8 6 (2.96%) Documentation Skills
9 4 (1.97%) Organisational Skills
9 4 (1.97%) Presentation Skills
10 3 (1.48%) Influencing Skills
10 3 (1.48%) Law
10 3 (1.48%) Legal
11 2 (0.99%) Retail
12 1 (0.49%) Games
12 1 (0.49%) Investment Banking
12 1 (0.49%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 31 (15.27%) Architect
2 25 (12.32%) Consultant
2 25 (12.32%) Network Engineer
3 23 (11.33%) Microsoft 365 Engineer
4 17 (8.37%) Analyst
5 16 (7.88%) Azure Engineer
6 15 (7.39%) Security Engineer
7 12 (5.91%) Infrastructure Architect
8 11 (5.42%) Designer
8 11 (5.42%) Microsoft 365 Consultant
9 10 (4.93%) Cloud Engineer
10 9 (4.43%) DevOps Engineer
10 9 (4.43%) Network Architect
11 8 (3.94%) AWS Engineer
11 8 (3.94%) Network Designer
11 8 (3.94%) Solutions Architect
12 7 (3.45%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 7 (3.45%) IT Manager
13 6 (2.96%) Cisco Engineer
13 6 (2.96%) Senior Network Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (4.43%) WebSphere MQ
2 7 (3.45%) Express
3 6 (2.96%) Web Services
4 5 (2.46%) Kafka
5 4 (1.97%) LAMP
5 4 (1.97%) Sensu
6 3 (1.48%) Node.js
6 3 (1.48%) REST
7 2 (0.99%) 802.1X
7 2 (0.99%) CSS
7 2 (0.99%) HTML
7 2 (0.99%) Jinja
7 2 (0.99%) LEMP Stack
7 2 (0.99%) MEAN Stack
8 1 (0.49%) .NET
8 1 (0.49%) Dojo
8 1 (0.49%) jQuery
8 1 (0.49%) JSON
8 1 (0.49%) OAuth
8 1 (0.49%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 34 (16.75%) Data Centre
2 14 (6.90%) PKI
3 11 (5.42%) Mobile App
3 11 (5.42%) Self-Motivation
3 11 (5.42%) Social Media
4 10 (4.93%) Hybrid Cloud
5 8 (3.94%) Public Cloud
6 5 (2.46%) Management Information System
7 4 (1.97%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 4 (1.97%) Virtual Team
8 3 (1.48%) Cloud Native
8 3 (1.48%) Fibre Optics
8 3 (1.48%) Smartphone
9 2 (0.99%) Algorithms
9 2 (0.99%) CESG
9 2 (0.99%) Fat Client
9 2 (0.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 2 (0.99%) Mobile Payment
9 2 (0.99%) Private Cloud
9 2 (0.99%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 85 (41.87%) Windows
2 34 (16.75%) Linux
3 27 (13.30%) Windows Server
4 20 (9.85%) Android
4 20 (9.85%) Windows Mobile
5 17 (8.37%) Windows 10
6 16 (7.88%) Apple iOS
7 11 (5.42%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (4.43%) Windows Server 2008
9 8 (3.94%) Windows 7
9 8 (3.94%) Windows Server 2012
9 8 (3.94%) Windows Server 2016
10 6 (2.96%) Windows Server 2019
11 3 (1.48%) CentOS
11 3 (1.48%) SUSE
11 3 (1.48%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.99%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.99%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.49%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.49%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 29 (14.29%) Agile Software Development
2 24 (11.82%) Migration
3 23 (11.33%) DevOps
4 19 (9.36%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 19 (9.36%) Mentoring
5 17 (8.37%) ITIL
6 16 (7.88%) SIEM
7 14 (6.90%) Network Management
7 14 (6.90%) Scrum
8 12 (5.91%) Business Intelligence
8 12 (5.91%) Infrastructure as Code
8 12 (5.91%) Load Balancing
8 12 (5.91%) Multi-Factor Authentication
8 12 (5.91%) Network Design
9 11 (5.42%) Change Management
9 11 (5.42%) Digital Marketing
9 11 (5.42%) Kalman Filter
9 11 (5.42%) Programme Management
9 11 (5.42%) TOGAF
10 10 (4.93%) Network Architecture
Programming Languages
1 15 (7.39%) Python
2 13 (6.40%) PowerShell
3 8 (3.94%) SQL
4 5 (2.46%) Java
5 4 (1.97%) Bash Shell
5 4 (1.97%) Go
5 4 (1.97%) Shell Script
6 2 (0.99%) C
6 2 (0.99%) Perl
7 1 (0.49%) C#
7 1 (0.49%) C++
7 1 (0.49%) JavaScript
7 1 (0.49%) PHP
7 1 (0.49%) Rust
Qualifications
1 33 (16.26%) Cisco Certification
2 25 (12.32%) CCNP
3 20 (9.85%) Security Cleared
4 17 (8.37%) SC Cleared
5 16 (7.88%) Degree
6 13 (6.40%) CCIE
7 11 (5.42%) CCNA
8 9 (4.43%) JNCIS
9 8 (3.94%) JNCIP
10 7 (3.45%) RHCA
10 7 (3.45%) TOGAF Certification
11 6 (2.96%) CCDA
11 6 (2.96%) CCDP
11 6 (2.96%) CISSP
11 6 (2.96%) Master's Degree
12 5 (2.46%) AWS Certification
12 5 (2.46%) DV Cleared
12 5 (2.46%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (1.48%) DBS Check
13 3 (1.48%) JNCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (4.93%) SLA
2 3 (1.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (0.99%) Government Security Classifications
3 2 (0.99%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 2 (0.99%) SEPA
4 1 (0.49%) GDPR
4 1 (0.49%) HL7
4 1 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 1 (0.49%) QA
System Software
1 80 (39.41%) Active Directory
2 28 (13.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 15 (7.39%) Hyper-V
4 14 (6.90%) VMware ESXi
4 14 (6.90%) vSphere
5 9 (4.43%) Docker
6 8 (3.94%) VMware NSX
7 4 (1.97%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (1.48%) KVM
9 2 (0.99%) ProxySG
9 2 (0.99%) Terminal Server
10 1 (0.49%) BitLocker
10 1 (0.49%) Firmware
10 1 (0.49%) iptables
10 1 (0.49%) Snort
10 1 (0.49%) Terminal Services
10 1 (0.49%) Varnish
10 1 (0.49%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.49%) Xen
10 1 (0.49%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 29 (14.29%) Microsoft Intune
2 22 (10.84%) Terraform
3 17 (8.37%) Ansible
4 13 (6.40%) Kubernetes
5 12 (5.91%) Single Sign-On
6 8 (3.94%) HP NNM
6 8 (3.94%) SCCM
7 5 (2.46%) FortiGate
7 5 (2.46%) Grafana
7 5 (2.46%) Puppet
7 5 (2.46%) ZABBIX
8 4 (1.97%) Prometheus
8 4 (1.97%) SmoothWall
9 3 (1.48%) Cisco Prime
10 2 (0.99%) Nagios
10 2 (0.99%) Opscode Chef
10 2 (0.99%) Salt
10 2 (0.99%) SCOM
10 2 (0.99%) SolarWinds Orion
10 2 (0.99%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 80 (39.41%) Cisco
2 55 (27.09%) Microsoft
3 42 (20.69%) VMware
4 27 (13.30%) Juniper
5 23 (11.33%) Citrix
6 21 (10.34%) F5
7 16 (7.88%) Fortinet
8 15 (7.39%) Red Hat
8 15 (7.39%) Samsung
9 14 (6.90%) Meraki
10 12 (5.91%) IBM
10 12 (5.91%) SAP
11 10 (4.93%) HP
11 10 (4.93%) Palo Alto
11 10 (4.93%) SolarWinds
12 9 (4.43%) Aruba
13 8 (3.94%) Blue Coat
13 8 (3.94%) CheckPoint
14 7 (3.45%) Nokia
15 6 (2.96%) Oracle