Period
to 31 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 31 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
31 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 215 195 236
Rank change year-on-year -20 +41 -23
Contract jobs citing VPN 215 573 535
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.12% 1.42% 1.17%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.35% 13.59% 9.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 154 405 342
Median daily rate £450 £465 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.23% +3.33% +5.88%
10th Percentile £184 £210 £180
90th Percentile £599 £620 £642
England median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 10 24
Median hourly rate £42.50 £35.00 £21.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.43% +60.92% -1.14%
10th Percentile £14.26 £12.75 £12.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £38.60 £91.38
England median hourly rate £19.00 £17.50 £16.25
% change year-on-year +8.57% +7.69% -7.14%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 2,077 4,216 5,594
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 10.80% 10.44% 12.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,360 2,869 3,873
Median daily rate £450 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £213 £227 £213
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
England median daily rate £425 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -2.86% +2.94% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 69 98 166
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.75 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +41.41% +23.75% -19.55%
10th Percentile £16.75 £14.61 £13.19
90th Percentile £51.90 £52.88 £47.83
Median hourly rate £25.00 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +25.00% - +0.50%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Daily rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 31 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 31 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 31 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +54 35 £450 +14.29% 5
South London +17 10 £375 -31.19%
West London +12 9 £298 -39.29% 2
East London +35 5 £540 -6.09% 1
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 31 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 118 (54.88%) Windows
2 89 (41.40%) Firewall
3 88 (40.93%) Active Directory
4 84 (39.07%) Azure
5 83 (38.60%) Cisco
6 65 (30.23%) DNS
7 60 (27.91%) Office 365
8 57 (26.51%) WAN
9 50 (23.26%) Microsoft
10 49 (22.79%) LAN
11 47 (21.86%) TCP/IP
12 46 (21.40%) Cisco Certification
13 44 (20.47%) Linux
14 40 (18.60%) Data Centre
15 38 (17.67%) DHCP
15 38 (17.67%) Internet
15 38 (17.67%) Wireless
16 37 (17.21%) OSPF
16 37 (17.21%) CCNP
16 37 (17.21%) Java
16 37 (17.21%) AWS
17 35 (16.28%) DMZ
17 35 (16.28%) Finance
18 32 (14.88%) BGP
19 31 (14.42%) Android
19 31 (14.42%) DevOps
20 30 (13.95%) PaaS
20 30 (13.95%) MPLS
20 30 (13.95%) Microsoft Office
20 30 (13.95%) ITIL

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (10.70%) MS Exchange
2 12 (5.58%) Exchange Server 2010
2 12 (5.58%) Skype for Business
3 11 (5.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 11 (5.12%) WebLogic
4 8 (3.72%) SharePoint
5 7 (3.26%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
5 7 (3.26%) IIS
6 6 (2.79%) Apache Spark
7 4 (1.86%) Exchange Server 2013
8 3 (1.40%) Apache
8 3 (1.40%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.93%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.47%) Confluence
10 1 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2003
10 1 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2007
10 1 (0.47%) JBoss
10 1 (0.47%) MQSeries
10 1 (0.47%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.47%) SAS
Applications
1 30 (13.95%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (2.33%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.47%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 2 (0.93%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.47%) Actimize
2 1 (0.47%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 84 (39.07%) Azure
2 60 (27.91%) Office 365
3 37 (17.21%) AWS
4 30 (13.95%) PaaS
5 25 (11.63%) SaaS
6 23 (10.70%) Azure Active Directory
7 20 (9.30%) IaaS
8 7 (3.26%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 6 (2.79%) Amazon EC2
9 6 (2.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 5 (2.33%) Amazon EKS
10 5 (2.33%) Amazon S3
10 5 (2.33%) AWS CloudFormation
11 4 (1.86%) Azure Stack
11 4 (1.86%) GCP
11 4 (1.86%) iPaaS
11 4 (1.86%) OneDrive
12 3 (1.40%) G Suite
12 3 (1.40%) OpenShift
12 3 (1.40%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 89 (41.40%) Firewall
2 65 (30.23%) DNS
3 57 (26.51%) WAN
4 49 (22.79%) LAN
5 47 (21.86%) TCP/IP
6 38 (17.67%) DHCP
6 38 (17.67%) Internet
6 38 (17.67%) Wireless
7 37 (17.21%) OSPF
8 35 (16.28%) DMZ
9 32 (14.88%) BGP
10 30 (13.95%) MPLS
11 27 (12.56%) Wi-Fi
12 26 (12.09%) Cisco IOS
13 25 (11.63%) Ethernet
14 21 (9.77%) Multicast
14 21 (9.77%) Network Security
15 18 (8.37%) Cisco Nexus
15 18 (8.37%) SSL
16 17 (7.91%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (5.12%) Oracle ODI
2 7 (3.26%) SQL Server
3 6 (2.79%) Apache Hive
3 6 (2.79%) Hadoop
3 6 (2.79%) HBase
3 6 (2.79%) Sqoop
4 5 (2.33%) Big Data
5 4 (1.86%) Relational Database
6 3 (1.40%) BigQuery
6 3 (1.40%) Bigtable
6 3 (1.40%) SQL Server 2012
6 3 (1.40%) SQL Server 2016
7 2 (0.93%) MySQL
8 1 (0.47%) Amazon RDS
8 1 (0.47%) Apache Cassandra
8 1 (0.47%) Data Warehouse
8 1 (0.47%) DB2
8 1 (0.47%) DTS
8 1 (0.47%) MongoDB
8 1 (0.47%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 10 (4.65%) Sonatype Nexus
2 8 (3.72%) Jenkins
3 7 (3.26%) JIRA
4 4 (1.86%) Terragrunt
4 4 (1.86%) VSS/SourceSafe
5 2 (0.93%) Git (software)
5 2 (0.93%) Team Foundation Server
6 1 (0.47%) Artifactory
6 1 (0.47%) Maven
6 1 (0.47%) MSI
6 1 (0.47%) SonarQube
General
1 35 (16.28%) Finance
2 14 (6.51%) Banking
3 11 (5.12%) Public Sector
4 8 (3.72%) Front Office
4 8 (3.72%) Investment Banking
5 6 (2.79%) Telecoms
6 3 (1.40%) Law
6 3 (1.40%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.93%) Electronics
7 2 (0.93%) Legal
7 2 (0.93%) Marketing
7 2 (0.93%) Military
7 2 (0.93%) Publishing
8 1 (0.47%) Advertising
8 1 (0.47%) French Language
8 1 (0.47%) German Language
8 1 (0.47%) Italian Language
8 1 (0.47%) Retail
Job Titles
1 48 (22.33%) Network Engineer
2 29 (13.49%) Analyst
3 18 (8.37%) Architect
3 18 (8.37%) Security Engineer
4 15 (6.98%) Azure Engineer
5 14 (6.51%) Service Analyst
5 14 (6.51%) Support Engineer
6 12 (5.58%) Cisco Engineer
6 12 (5.58%) Cloud Engineer
6 12 (5.58%) Consultant
6 12 (5.58%) DevOps Engineer
7 11 (5.12%) Cisco Network Engineer
8 10 (4.65%) Senior Network Engineer
8 10 (4.65%) Service Desk Analyst
9 9 (4.19%) Data Network Engineer
9 9 (4.19%) Desktop Support
9 9 (4.19%) Juniper Engineer
9 9 (4.19%) Office 365 Engineer
10 8 (3.72%) Cloud Developer
10 8 (3.72%) IP Network Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (9.77%) .NET
1 21 (9.77%) SAML
1 21 (9.77%) Web Services
2 13 (6.05%) Oracle Fusion
3 9 (4.19%) 802.1X
3 9 (4.19%) LDAP
4 7 (3.26%) OAuth
5 6 (2.79%) REST
6 5 (2.33%) Middleware
7 4 (1.86%) Elastic Stack
7 4 (1.86%) RESTful
8 3 (1.40%) XML
9 2 (0.93%) FIX Protocol
9 2 (0.93%) SOAP
10 1 (0.47%) EJB 3.0
10 1 (0.47%) Java EE
10 1 (0.47%) Java SE
10 1 (0.47%) JPA
10 1 (0.47%) jQuery
10 1 (0.47%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 40 (18.60%) Data Centre
2 15 (6.98%) Mobile App
3 13 (6.05%) PKI
4 10 (4.65%) iPhone
4 10 (4.65%) Smartphone
5 8 (3.72%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (3.72%) Fibre Optics
5 8 (3.72%) Video Conferencing
6 7 (3.26%) Blackberry
7 6 (2.79%) Management Information System
7 6 (2.79%) Self-Motivation
8 5 (2.33%) CESG
9 4 (1.86%) Client/Server
9 4 (1.86%) iPad
9 4 (1.86%) Public Cloud
9 4 (1.86%) Security Operations Centre
9 4 (1.86%) SWIFT
10 3 (1.40%) Cyberthreat
10 3 (1.40%) Hybrid Cloud
10 3 (1.40%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 118 (54.88%) Windows
2 44 (20.47%) Linux
3 31 (14.42%) Android
4 30 (13.95%) Windows 10
4 30 (13.95%) Windows Server
5 25 (11.63%) Windows 7
6 17 (7.91%) Apple iOS
6 17 (7.91%) Windows Server 2012
7 16 (7.44%) Windows Mobile
8 14 (6.51%) Unix
9 10 (4.65%) Windows Server 2008
9 10 (4.65%) Windows Server 2016
10 3 (1.40%) Mac OS
10 3 (1.40%) Windows Server 2003
11 2 (0.93%) VMS
11 2 (0.93%) Windows XP
12 1 (0.47%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 1 (0.47%) Solaris
12 1 (0.47%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 31 (14.42%) DevOps
2 30 (13.95%) ITIL
3 21 (9.77%) Change Management
4 20 (9.30%) Migration
5 19 (8.84%) Cybersecurity
6 18 (8.37%) Multi-Factor Authentication
7 17 (7.91%) Load Balancing
7 17 (7.91%) Network Design
8 16 (7.44%) Agile Software Development
8 16 (7.44%) Microservices
8 16 (7.44%) SIEM
8 16 (7.44%) SOA
9 14 (6.51%) Two-Factor Authentication
10 13 (6.05%) Problem-Solving
11 12 (5.58%) Dashboard Development
11 12 (5.58%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 11 (5.12%) Network Virtualisation
12 11 (5.12%) Open Source
13 10 (4.65%) Privileged Access Management
14 9 (4.19%) Network Segmentation
Programming Languages
1 37 (17.21%) Java
2 21 (9.77%) Python
3 20 (9.30%) Bash Shell
4 17 (7.91%) Shell Script
5 15 (6.98%) C
6 13 (6.05%) SQL
7 10 (4.65%) Perl
7 10 (4.65%) PowerShell
8 6 (2.79%) Ruby
9 3 (1.40%) JavaScript
9 3 (1.40%) PL/SQL
10 2 (0.93%) VBScript
11 1 (0.47%) C#
Qualifications
1 46 (21.40%) Cisco Certification
2 37 (17.21%) CCNP
3 27 (12.56%) Security Cleared
4 25 (11.63%) SC Cleared
5 17 (7.91%) CCNA
5 17 (7.91%) CISSP
6 13 (6.05%) Degree
6 13 (6.05%) JNCIP
7 11 (5.12%) DV Cleared
7 11 (5.12%) ITIL Certification
8 10 (4.65%) JNCIS
8 10 (4.65%) Microsoft Certification
9 9 (4.19%) CCIE
10 6 (2.79%) BC Cleared
10 6 (2.79%) MCP
11 5 (2.33%) CESG Certified Professional
11 5 (2.33%) JNCIA
11 5 (2.33%) MCSA
11 5 (2.33%) MCSE
12 4 (1.86%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (2.33%) SLA
2 4 (1.86%) GDPR
3 3 (1.40%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.93%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.93%) PMO
5 1 (0.47%) FedRAMP
5 1 (0.47%) HIPAA
5 1 (0.47%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.47%) NIST
5 1 (0.47%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.47%) QA
5 1 (0.47%) SEPA
5 1 (0.47%) TARGET2
System Software
1 88 (40.93%) Active Directory
2 22 (10.23%) VMware Infrastructure
3 15 (6.98%) Docker
4 9 (4.19%) XenApp
5 8 (3.72%) Hyper-V
5 8 (3.72%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (2.79%) Citrix Hypervisor
6 6 (2.79%) HDFS
6 6 (2.79%) VMware ESXi
7 4 (1.86%) VMware NSX
7 4 (1.86%) XenDesktop
8 3 (1.40%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (1.40%) VMware Server
9 2 (0.93%) BitLocker
9 2 (0.93%) NFS
9 2 (0.93%) Terminal Services
9 2 (0.93%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (0.93%) vSphere
10 1 (0.47%) ProxySG
10 1 (0.47%) Samba
Systems Management
1 25 (11.63%) Single Sign-On
2 20 (9.30%) Microsoft Intune
3 15 (6.98%) Ansible
3 15 (6.98%) Kubernetes
4 14 (6.51%) Nagios
5 13 (6.05%) Opscode Chef
5 13 (6.05%) Puppet
5 13 (6.05%) Terraform
6 12 (5.58%) SCCM
7 10 (4.65%) AirWatch
8 9 (4.19%) FortiGate
9 8 (3.72%) Cacti
9 8 (3.72%) Cisco Prime
9 8 (3.72%) NetMRI
9 8 (3.72%) Statseeker
9 8 (3.72%) ZABBIX
10 6 (2.79%) Ambari
10 6 (2.79%) Hadoop YARN
10 6 (2.79%) Oozie
11 5 (2.33%) Packer
Vendors
1 83 (38.60%) Cisco
2 50 (23.26%) Microsoft
3 30 (13.95%) VMware
4 27 (12.56%) Juniper
5 23 (10.70%) Citrix
6 22 (10.23%) Oracle
7 18 (8.37%) F5
8 16 (7.44%) CyberArk
9 15 (6.98%) SolarWinds
10 14 (6.51%) Fortinet
11 12 (5.58%) CheckPoint
11 12 (5.58%) Samsung
12 11 (5.12%) Palo Alto
13 8 (3.72%) Ivanti
13 8 (3.72%) NetScout
13 8 (3.72%) ServiceNow
13 8 (3.72%) Solarflare
14 7 (3.26%) Dell
14 7 (3.26%) Google
14 7 (3.26%) HP