Period
to 5 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 5 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
5 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 242 202 195
Rank change year-on-year -40 -7 +39
Contract jobs citing VPN 191 367 647
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.95% 1.31% 1.48%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.23% 12.01% 14.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 146 290 461
Median daily rate £450 £425 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% -5.56% +12.36%
10th Percentile £251 £185 £185
90th Percentile £584 £625 £663
England median daily rate £425 £400 £425
% change year-on-year +6.25% -5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 15 10
Median hourly rate £22.50 £42.50 £26.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -47.06% +63.46% +43.65%
10th Percentile £21.25 £13.08 £16.13
90th Percentile £23.75 £49.50 £38.60
England median hourly rate £18.50 £14.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +27.59% -12.12% +7.32%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 1,867 3,056 4,597
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.28% 10.89% 10.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,275 2,159 3,165
Median daily rate £475 £450 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% -5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £263 £190 £201
90th Percentile £650 £650 £650
England median daily rate £425 £420 £425
% change year-on-year +1.19% -1.18% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 86 103
Median hourly rate £29.98 £19.75 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +51.77% -10.23% +17.65%
10th Percentile £21.13 £14.39 £14.00
90th Percentile £63.88 £49.38 £47.09
Median hourly rate £25.72 £20.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year +28.58% +11.11% -7.74%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Daily rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 5 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 5 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +37 35 £455 +8.33% 14
West London +25 4 £675 +81.21% 10
South London +35 3 £378 -24.50% 2
East London +32 3 £403 -30.60% 4
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 5 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 93 (48.69%) Firewall
2 79 (41.36%) Windows
2 79 (41.36%) Cisco
3 75 (39.27%) Active Directory
4 72 (37.70%) Azure
5 66 (34.55%) WAN
6 64 (33.51%) Microsoft 365
7 63 (32.98%) Microsoft
8 43 (22.51%) Wireless
8 43 (22.51%) VMware
9 39 (20.42%) AWS
10 38 (19.90%) Data Centre
11 37 (19.37%) MPLS
11 37 (19.37%) LAN
12 33 (17.28%) BGP
13 31 (16.23%) Linux
14 30 (15.71%) SIEM
15 29 (15.18%) Finance
15 29 (15.18%) Azure Active Directory
15 29 (15.18%) Windows Server
16 26 (13.61%) Cisco Certification
16 26 (13.61%) VMware Infrastructure
17 25 (13.09%) Security Cleared
18 24 (12.57%) OSPF
18 24 (12.57%) Internet
19 23 (12.04%) Migration
19 23 (12.04%) Wi-Fi
19 23 (12.04%) Juniper
19 23 (12.04%) SC Cleared
19 23 (12.04%) F5

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (5.76%) SharePoint
2 9 (4.71%) Confluence
2 9 (4.71%) WebSphere
3 7 (3.66%) Skype for Business
4 4 (2.09%) Jupyter
5 3 (1.57%) Apache Spark
5 3 (1.57%) MS Exchange
6 1 (0.52%) Apache
6 1 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2003
6 1 (0.52%) IIS
6 1 (0.52%) nginx
6 1 (0.52%) OpenStack
Applications
1 7 (3.66%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (1.57%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.52%) Notepad++
Cloud Services
1 72 (37.70%) Azure
2 64 (33.51%) Microsoft 365
3 39 (20.42%) AWS
4 29 (15.18%) Azure Active Directory
5 18 (9.42%) IaaS
5 18 (9.42%) PaaS
6 15 (7.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 13 (6.81%) SaaS
8 8 (4.19%) Amazon EC2
8 8 (4.19%) Amazon S3
8 8 (4.19%) GCP
8 8 (4.19%) Route 53
9 7 (3.66%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 6 (3.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 5 (2.62%) OneDrive
11 5 (2.62%) Power Automate
12 3 (1.57%) AWS CloudFormation
12 3 (1.57%) Azure Stack
12 3 (1.57%) GitHub
12 3 (1.57%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 93 (48.69%) Firewall
2 66 (34.55%) WAN
3 43 (22.51%) Wireless
4 37 (19.37%) LAN
4 37 (19.37%) MPLS
5 33 (17.28%) BGP
6 24 (12.57%) Internet
6 24 (12.57%) OSPF
7 23 (12.04%) Wi-Fi
8 20 (10.47%) Network Security
9 18 (9.42%) DMZ
10 17 (8.90%) Intranet
11 16 (8.38%) Cisco ASA
11 16 (8.38%) DNS
12 14 (7.33%) SSL
13 13 (6.81%) TCP/IP
14 11 (5.76%) Cisco Nexus
15 10 (5.24%) Multicast
16 9 (4.71%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
16 9 (4.71%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (4.71%) DB2
2 6 (3.14%) SQL Server
3 4 (2.09%) Amazon RDS
3 4 (2.09%) Big Data
3 4 (2.09%) NoSQL
3 4 (2.09%) Relational Database
4 3 (1.57%) Apache Hive
4 3 (1.57%) Hadoop
4 3 (1.57%) MySQL
5 2 (1.05%) Azure SQL Database
5 2 (1.05%) PostgreSQL
5 2 (1.05%) Redis
6 1 (0.52%) Apache Cassandra
6 1 (0.52%) Data Warehouse
6 1 (0.52%) Ingres
6 1 (0.52%) SAP BW
Development Applications
1 14 (7.33%) JIRA
2 10 (5.24%) Jenkins
3 3 (1.57%) Git (software)
3 3 (1.57%) GitLab
4 2 (1.05%) Sonatype Nexus
4 2 (1.05%) Terragrunt
5 1 (0.52%) Bitbucket
5 1 (0.52%) TeamCity
5 1 (0.52%) Visual Studio
General
1 29 (15.18%) Finance
2 21 (10.99%) Telecoms
3 14 (7.33%) Banking
4 11 (5.76%) Public Sector
5 6 (3.14%) Manufacturing
6 5 (2.62%) Electronics
6 5 (2.62%) Marketing
7 4 (2.09%) Publishing
8 3 (1.57%) Investment Banking
8 3 (1.57%) Law
9 2 (1.05%) Legal
9 2 (1.05%) Police
10 1 (0.52%) Games
10 1 (0.52%) German Language
10 1 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.52%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 29 (15.18%) Architect
2 24 (12.57%) Network Engineer
3 20 (10.47%) Azure Engineer
4 18 (9.42%) Analyst
5 17 (8.90%) Office 365 Engineer
6 15 (7.85%) Consultant
7 13 (6.81%) Security Engineer
8 12 (6.28%) Network Architect
9 10 (5.24%) Designer
9 10 (5.24%) DevOps Engineer
10 9 (4.71%) Azure Specialist
10 9 (4.71%) Infrastructure Architect
10 9 (4.71%) Security Specialist
11 8 (4.19%) Network Designer
11 8 (4.19%) Solutions Architect
12 7 (3.66%) Cisco Engineer
12 7 (3.66%) Office 365 Specialist
12 7 (3.66%) Security Analyst
13 6 (3.14%) AWS Engineer
13 6 (3.14%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (4.71%) WebSphere MQ
2 5 (2.62%) Web Services
3 4 (2.09%) Express
4 3 (1.57%) .NET
4 3 (1.57%) 802.1X
5 2 (1.05%) .NET Framework
5 2 (1.05%) Jinja
5 2 (1.05%) JMS
5 2 (1.05%) XML
5 2 (1.05%) XSD
5 2 (1.05%) XSLT
5 2 (1.05%) YAML
6 1 (0.52%) .NET Core
6 1 (0.52%) Elastic Stack
6 1 (0.52%) FIX Protocol
6 1 (0.52%) HTML5
6 1 (0.52%) Kafka
6 1 (0.52%) LEMP Stack
6 1 (0.52%) Middleware
6 1 (0.52%) PHP-FPM
Miscellaneous
1 38 (19.90%) Data Centre
2 21 (10.99%) PKI
3 16 (8.38%) Self-Motivation
4 8 (4.19%) Analytical Skills
4 8 (4.19%) Mobile App
5 6 (3.14%) Hybrid Cloud
5 6 (3.14%) Management Information System
6 4 (2.09%) Social Media
7 3 (1.57%) BYOD
7 3 (1.57%) Cyber Kill Chain
7 3 (1.57%) Linux Command Line
7 3 (1.57%) Public Cloud
7 3 (1.57%) Smartphone
8 2 (1.05%) Fat Client
8 2 (1.05%) Mobile Payment
8 2 (1.05%) Private Cloud
8 2 (1.05%) Robotics
8 2 (1.05%) SWIFT
8 2 (1.05%) User Experience
8 2 (1.05%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 79 (41.36%) Windows
2 31 (16.23%) Linux
3 29 (15.18%) Windows Server
4 19 (9.95%) Windows 10
5 12 (6.28%) Windows Mobile
6 11 (5.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (5.24%) Apple iOS
8 9 (4.71%) Android
9 8 (4.19%) Windows 7
10 6 (3.14%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (2.09%) Unix
11 4 (2.09%) Windows Server 2019
12 3 (1.57%) Solaris
12 3 (1.57%) Windows XP
13 2 (1.05%) Mac OS
13 2 (1.05%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (1.05%) Windows Server 2016
14 1 (0.52%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.52%) VMS
14 1 (0.52%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 30 (15.71%) SIEM
2 23 (12.04%) DevOps
2 23 (12.04%) Migration
3 21 (10.99%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 19 (9.95%) Agile Software Development
5 18 (9.42%) ITIL
6 17 (8.90%) Scrum
7 14 (7.33%) Kalman Filter
8 13 (6.81%) Infrastructure as Code
8 13 (6.81%) Network Design
9 12 (6.28%) TOGAF
10 11 (5.76%) Information Security
10 11 (5.76%) Load Balancing
10 11 (5.76%) Technical Leadership
10 11 (5.76%) Vulnerability Management
11 10 (5.24%) Change Management
11 10 (5.24%) Kanban
11 10 (5.24%) Mentoring
11 10 (5.24%) Security Architecture
12 9 (4.71%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 21 (10.99%) Python
2 12 (6.28%) PowerShell
3 10 (5.24%) Bash Shell
4 6 (3.14%) Shell Script
4 6 (3.14%) SQL
5 5 (2.62%) Java
5 5 (2.62%) R
6 4 (2.09%) Perl
7 2 (1.05%) PHP
7 2 (1.05%) XPath
8 1 (0.52%) C#
8 1 (0.52%) Go
8 1 (0.52%) Groovy
8 1 (0.52%) JavaScript
Qualifications
1 26 (13.61%) Cisco Certification
2 25 (13.09%) Security Cleared
3 23 (12.04%) SC Cleared
4 16 (8.38%) CCNP
4 16 (8.38%) Degree
5 11 (5.76%) CCIE
6 9 (4.71%) Microsoft Certification
7 8 (4.19%) CISSP
7 8 (4.19%) MCSE
8 7 (3.66%) RHCA
8 7 (3.66%) TOGAF Certification
9 6 (3.14%) ITIL Certification
9 6 (3.14%) JNCIS
9 6 (3.14%) Master's Degree
10 5 (2.62%) CCNA
10 5 (2.62%) JNCIP
11 4 (2.09%) AWS Certification
11 4 (2.09%) CCDP
11 4 (2.09%) DV Cleared
11 4 (2.09%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (2.62%) SLA
2 4 (2.09%) NIST
3 2 (1.05%) COBIT
3 2 (1.05%) Government Security Classifications
3 2 (1.05%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 2 (1.05%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (1.05%) QA
3 2 (1.05%) SEPA
4 1 (0.52%) GDPR
4 1 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 1 (0.52%) NIST 800
System Software
1 75 (39.27%) Active Directory
2 26 (13.61%) VMware Infrastructure
3 16 (8.38%) VMware ESXi
4 12 (6.28%) vSphere
5 11 (5.76%) Hyper-V
6 10 (5.24%) Docker
7 8 (4.19%) VMware NSX
8 5 (2.62%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (2.09%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 3 (1.57%) KVM
11 2 (1.05%) ProxySG
11 2 (1.05%) Virtual Desktop
11 2 (1.05%) XenApp
11 2 (1.05%) XenDesktop
12 1 (0.52%) BitLocker
12 1 (0.52%) iptables
12 1 (0.52%) Snort
12 1 (0.52%) Terminal Services
12 1 (0.52%) UAG
12 1 (0.52%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 20 (10.47%) Terraform
2 19 (9.95%) Microsoft Intune
3 13 (6.81%) Ansible
3 13 (6.81%) SCCM
4 11 (5.76%) Kubernetes
5 7 (3.66%) Single Sign-On
6 5 (2.62%) HP NNM
7 4 (2.09%) Cisco Prime
8 3 (1.57%) EMC VPLEX
8 3 (1.57%) FortiGate
8 3 (1.57%) Prometheus
8 3 (1.57%) Puppet
9 2 (1.05%) CSIRT
9 2 (1.05%) HAProxy
9 2 (1.05%) Istio
9 2 (1.05%) Opscode Chef
9 2 (1.05%) Salt
9 2 (1.05%) SCOM
9 2 (1.05%) SmoothWall
9 2 (1.05%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 79 (41.36%) Cisco
2 63 (32.98%) Microsoft
3 43 (22.51%) VMware
4 23 (12.04%) F5
4 23 (12.04%) Juniper
5 21 (10.99%) Citrix
6 20 (10.47%) Palo Alto
7 15 (7.85%) HP
8 12 (6.28%) Red Hat
9 11 (5.76%) SolarWinds
10 10 (5.24%) IBM
11 9 (4.71%) Fortinet
12 8 (4.19%) CheckPoint
12 8 (4.19%) Samsung
13 7 (3.66%) Dell
13 7 (3.66%) Meraki
13 7 (3.66%) Oracle
14 6 (3.14%) Aruba
14 6 (3.14%) EMC
14 6 (3.14%) SAP