Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 296 193 207
Rank change year-on-year -103 +14 +34
Contract jobs citing VPN 306 174 467
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.87% 1.26% 1.26%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.07% 11.29% 11.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 206 124 340
10th Percentile £220 £320 £170
25th Percentile £386 £414 £300
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £450
Median % change year-on-year - +11.11% +9.09%
75th Percentile £600 £551 £588
90th Percentile £700 £606 £750
England median daily rate £425 £465 £400
% change year-on-year -8.60% +16.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 1 11
10th Percentile £16.08 " £14.00
25th Percentile £22.13 £21.25 £16.35
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £32.50
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -30.77% +51.16%
75th Percentile £35.35 £23.75 £48.75
90th Percentile £46.34 " £50.00
England median hourly rate £20.00 £19.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +5.26% +8.57% -1.41%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 3,372 1,541 3,913
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.57% 11.17% 10.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,312 1,049 2,694
10th Percentile £281 £263 £200
25th Percentile £410 £390 £338
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £485 £450
Median % change year-on-year +8.25% +7.78% -
75th Percentile £638 £575 £575
90th Percentile £725 £650 £675
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 64 20 99
10th Percentile £11.25 £16.80 £13.98
25th Percentile £13.25 £22.19 £18.49
Median hourly rate £22.25 £27.75 £21.50
Median % change year-on-year -19.82% +29.07% +13.16%
75th Percentile £37.75 £45.19 £47.25
90th Percentile £53.45 £58.30 £53.75
England median hourly rate £20.51 £30.50 £25.12
% change year-on-year -32.75% +21.42% +32.21%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Daily rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -44 33 £488 -7.14% 38
South London +19 17 £750 +50.00% 6
West London -14 4 £175 -22.22% 15
East London -8 3 £500 +25.00% 6
North London - 3 £280 - 2
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 151 (49.35%) Firewall
2 121 (39.54%) Windows
3 98 (32.03%) Azure
4 93 (30.39%) Cisco
5 86 (28.10%) Active Directory
6 81 (26.47%) Microsoft 365
7 75 (24.51%) Linux
8 71 (23.20%) VMware
9 68 (22.22%) DNS
10 65 (21.24%) Microsoft
11 60 (19.61%) WAN
11 60 (19.61%) AWS
11 60 (19.61%) Social Skills
12 54 (17.65%) Finance
13 46 (15.03%) BGP
14 45 (14.71%) LAN
15 44 (14.38%) Windows 10
16 43 (14.05%) Python
16 43 (14.05%) Network Security
16 43 (14.05%) VMware Infrastructure
17 42 (13.73%) Terraform
18 41 (13.40%) PowerShell
19 40 (13.07%) Cisco Certification
19 40 (13.07%) Windows Server
20 39 (12.75%) Palo Alto
21 38 (12.42%) Data Centre
21 38 (12.42%) DevOps
21 38 (12.42%) DHCP
21 38 (12.42%) Microsoft Office
22 36 (11.76%) MPLS

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (3.59%) Confluence
1 11 (3.59%) MS Exchange
1 11 (3.59%) SharePoint
2 10 (3.27%) OpenStack
3 6 (1.96%) Apache
3 6 (1.96%) Tomcat
4 5 (1.63%) Skype for Business
5 4 (1.31%) Exchange Server 2010
5 4 (1.31%) IIS
5 4 (1.31%) WebSphere
6 3 (0.98%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (0.33%) Apache Spark
7 1 (0.33%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
7 1 (0.33%) Exchange Server 2007
7 1 (0.33%) IBM Notes
7 1 (0.33%) WebLogic
Applications
1 38 (12.42%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.96%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 6 (1.96%) MS Visio
3 5 (1.63%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (1.63%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (0.98%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.33%) Oracle ERP
2 1 (0.33%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.33%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 98 (32.03%) Azure
2 81 (26.47%) Microsoft 365
3 60 (19.61%) AWS
4 29 (9.48%) Azure Active Directory
4 29 (9.48%) SaaS
5 26 (8.50%) IaaS
6 24 (7.84%) PaaS
7 18 (5.88%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 13 (4.25%) GitHub
9 11 (3.59%) GCP
10 10 (3.27%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 9 (2.94%) OneDrive
12 8 (2.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 8 (2.61%) Amazon EC2
12 8 (2.61%) Amazon S3
12 8 (2.61%) Azure Key Vault
12 8 (2.61%) Mimecast
13 7 (2.29%) Amazon ELB
13 7 (2.29%) Route 53
13 7 (2.29%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 151 (49.35%) Firewall
2 68 (22.22%) DNS
3 60 (19.61%) WAN
4 46 (15.03%) BGP
5 45 (14.71%) LAN
6 43 (14.05%) Network Security
7 38 (12.42%) DHCP
8 36 (11.76%) MPLS
9 35 (11.44%) IPsec
10 34 (11.11%) Wireless
11 32 (10.46%) OSPF
11 32 (10.46%) TCP/IP
12 30 (9.80%) SSL
13 23 (7.52%) VLAN
14 17 (5.56%) Wi-Fi
15 16 (5.23%) SD-WAN
16 15 (4.90%) Ethernet
16 15 (4.90%) IPv4
17 14 (4.58%) Cisco IOS
17 14 (4.58%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (4.58%) SQL Server
2 8 (2.61%) Relational Database
3 7 (2.29%) Amazon RDS
3 7 (2.29%) MySQL
4 4 (1.31%) DB2
5 3 (0.98%) Amazon Athena
5 3 (0.98%) PostgreSQL
6 2 (0.65%) Apache Cassandra
6 2 (0.65%) Azure SQL Database
6 2 (0.65%) Data Warehouse
7 1 (0.33%) Cloudera CDH
7 1 (0.33%) Hadoop
7 1 (0.33%) MariaDB
7 1 (0.33%) MongoDB
7 1 (0.33%) NoSQL
7 1 (0.33%) Oracle Database
7 1 (0.33%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 14 (4.58%) Git (software)
2 13 (4.25%) JIRA
3 12 (3.92%) Jenkins
4 8 (2.61%) Artifactory
4 8 (2.61%) Sonatype Nexus
5 7 (2.29%) SonarQube
6 6 (1.96%) Maven
7 4 (1.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 4 (1.31%) Chocolatey
7 4 (1.31%) GitLab
8 3 (0.98%) Arsenale Dataplane
8 3 (0.98%) Bitbucket
8 3 (0.98%) Subversion
8 3 (0.98%) Terragrunt
8 3 (0.98%) TestRail
8 3 (0.98%) VSS/SourceSafe
9 1 (0.33%) JMeter
9 1 (0.33%) Mercurial
9 1 (0.33%) Selenium
9 1 (0.33%) TeamCity
General
1 60 (19.61%) Social Skills
2 54 (17.65%) Finance
3 29 (9.48%) Public Sector
4 23 (7.52%) Telecoms
5 17 (5.56%) Analytical Skills
6 13 (4.25%) Games
7 10 (3.27%) Banking
8 9 (2.94%) Presentation Skills
9 7 (2.29%) Retail
10 5 (1.63%) Documentation Skills
10 5 (1.63%) Financial Institution
11 4 (1.31%) Legal
11 4 (1.31%) Organisational Skills
12 3 (0.98%) Marketing
13 2 (0.65%) Advertising
13 2 (0.65%) International Banking
13 2 (0.65%) Law
13 2 (0.65%) Local Government
13 2 (0.65%) Manufacturing
13 2 (0.65%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 58 (18.95%) Network Engineer
2 54 (17.65%) Architect
3 29 (9.48%) Analyst
4 26 (8.50%) Security Engineer
5 19 (6.21%) Cloud Engineer
5 19 (6.21%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 17 (5.56%) Azure Engineer
7 16 (5.23%) Security Architect
8 15 (4.90%) Design Engineer
9 14 (4.58%) AWS Architect
10 13 (4.25%) IT Engineer
10 13 (4.25%) Lead Architect
10 13 (4.25%) Lead Security Architect
10 13 (4.25%) Support Engineer
11 12 (3.92%) Network Architect
11 12 (3.92%) Service Analyst
11 12 (3.92%) Service Desk Analyst
12 11 (3.59%) Cloud Architect
13 10 (3.27%) Developer
14 9 (2.94%) 2nd Line Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (7.19%) OAuth
2 18 (5.88%) OAuth2
3 13 (4.25%) SAML
4 10 (3.27%) REST
5 8 (2.61%) LDAP
6 7 (2.29%) Web Services
7 6 (1.96%) ARM Templates
7 6 (1.96%) JSON
8 5 (1.63%) Elastic Stack
8 5 (1.63%) Kafka
8 5 (1.63%) Keycloak
9 4 (1.31%) LAMP
9 4 (1.31%) Regular Expression
9 4 (1.31%) RESTful
9 4 (1.31%) Velocity
9 4 (1.31%) WebSphere MQ
9 4 (1.31%) XMPP
10 3 (0.98%) SOAP
10 3 (0.98%) Software Packaging
10 3 (0.98%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 38 (12.42%) Data Centre
2 21 (6.86%) PKI
3 14 (4.58%) Private Cloud
3 14 (4.58%) Public Cloud
4 11 (3.59%) Self-Motivation
5 10 (3.27%) Hybrid Cloud
5 10 (3.27%) Management Information System
6 7 (2.29%) iPhone
6 7 (2.29%) Mobile App
7 6 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
7 6 (1.96%) Fibre Optics
7 6 (1.96%) iPad
8 5 (1.63%) BYOD
8 5 (1.63%) Client/Server
8 5 (1.63%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 5 (1.63%) User Experience
9 4 (1.31%) Algorithms
9 4 (1.31%) Cloud Native
9 4 (1.31%) Hedge funds
9 4 (1.31%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 121 (39.54%) Windows
2 75 (24.51%) Linux
3 44 (14.38%) Windows 10
4 40 (13.07%) Windows Server
5 25 (8.17%) Windows 7
6 20 (6.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 19 (6.21%) Windows Server 2019
8 16 (5.23%) Windows Server 2012
9 13 (4.25%) Android
9 13 (4.25%) Ubuntu
9 13 (4.25%) Windows Server 2008
10 10 (3.27%) Apple iOS
10 10 (3.27%) Windows Server 2016
11 8 (2.61%) Unix
12 4 (1.31%) HPUX
12 4 (1.31%) Mac OS
12 4 (1.31%) Mac OS X
13 3 (0.98%) Embedded Linux
14 2 (0.65%) CentOS
14 2 (0.65%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 38 (12.42%) DevOps
2 34 (11.11%) Migration
3 32 (10.46%) Cybersecurity
3 32 (10.46%) ITIL
4 28 (9.15%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 27 (8.82%) Agile Software Development
5 27 (8.82%) Network Design
6 20 (6.54%) Problem-Solving
6 20 (6.54%) Security Architecture
7 19 (6.21%) Infrastructure as Code
8 18 (5.88%) Load Balancing
8 18 (5.88%) Network Virtualisation
9 17 (5.56%) SIEM
10 16 (5.23%) Project Management
11 15 (4.90%) Analytics
11 15 (4.90%) Identity Access Management
11 15 (4.90%) Information Security
11 15 (4.90%) Network Architecture
12 14 (4.58%) Data Loss Prevention
13 12 (3.92%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 43 (14.05%) Python
2 41 (13.40%) PowerShell
3 24 (7.84%) Bash Shell
4 17 (5.56%) SQL
5 14 (4.58%) Java
6 8 (2.61%) C
7 7 (2.29%) Go
8 5 (1.63%) C++
8 5 (1.63%) JavaScript
8 5 (1.63%) Perl
9 3 (0.98%) PL/SQL
9 3 (0.98%) Ruby
9 3 (0.98%) Rust
9 3 (0.98%) Shell Script
10 1 (0.33%) Apex Code
10 1 (0.33%) Tcl
10 1 (0.33%) T-SQL
10 1 (0.33%) VB
Qualifications
1 40 (13.07%) Cisco Certification
2 23 (7.52%) Security Cleared
3 20 (6.54%) CCNP
4 19 (6.21%) Degree
4 19 (6.21%) SC Cleared
5 16 (5.23%) CCNA
6 14 (4.58%) CCIE
7 7 (2.29%) CISSP
7 7 (2.29%) JNCIS
7 7 (2.29%) Microsoft Certification
8 6 (1.96%) MCSE
9 5 (1.63%) CCDA
9 5 (1.63%) JNCIA
9 5 (1.63%) JNCIP
9 5 (1.63%) MCP
10 4 (1.31%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (1.31%) Computer Science Degree
10 4 (1.31%) RHCE
11 3 (0.98%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.98%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (5.56%) SLA
2 15 (4.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 7 (2.29%) NIST
4 5 (1.63%) GDPR
5 3 (0.98%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 3 (0.98%) NIST 800
5 3 (0.98%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.65%) SOC 2
7 1 (0.33%) Accessibility
7 1 (0.33%) ISO 22301
7 1 (0.33%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.33%) PMO
7 1 (0.33%) QA
7 1 (0.33%) SOC 1
System Software
1 86 (28.10%) Active Directory
2 43 (14.05%) VMware Infrastructure
3 25 (8.17%) Docker
4 17 (5.56%) VMware Workstation
5 15 (4.90%) VMware ESXi
6 14 (4.58%) VMware NSX
7 12 (3.92%) Hyper-V
7 12 (3.92%) vSphere
8 10 (3.27%) vCloud
8 10 (3.27%) Virtual Desktop
9 7 (2.29%) Virtual Machines
10 6 (1.96%) iptables
11 3 (0.98%) KVM
11 3 (0.98%) Xen
12 2 (0.65%) pfSense
13 1 (0.33%) DFS Replication
13 1 (0.33%) ProxySG
13 1 (0.33%) VirtualBox
13 1 (0.33%) VMware Server
13 1 (0.33%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 42 (13.73%) Terraform
2 32 (10.46%) Kubernetes
3 21 (6.86%) Ansible
4 20 (6.54%) Microsoft Intune
4 20 (6.54%) SCCM
5 14 (4.58%) Nagios
6 13 (4.25%) Single Sign-On
7 10 (3.27%) Prometheus
8 9 (2.94%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 8 (2.61%) FortiGate
9 8 (2.61%) Sysdig
10 7 (2.29%) Istio
11 6 (1.96%) Grafana
12 5 (1.63%) ZABBIX
13 4 (1.31%) AirWatch
13 4 (1.31%) HP SiteScope
13 4 (1.31%) Jamf Pro
13 4 (1.31%) Network Intrusion Detection System
14 3 (0.98%) HAProxy
14 3 (0.98%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 93 (30.39%) Cisco
2 71 (23.20%) VMware
3 65 (21.24%) Microsoft
4 39 (12.75%) Palo Alto
5 25 (8.17%) Citrix
5 25 (8.17%) Juniper
6 21 (6.86%) F5
7 20 (6.54%) SolarWinds
8 17 (5.56%) Oracle
9 15 (4.90%) Dell
10 14 (4.58%) Nokia
11 13 (4.25%) Fortinet
11 13 (4.25%) HP
11 13 (4.25%) Red Hat
11 13 (4.25%) ServiceNow
12 12 (3.92%) Splunk
13 11 (3.59%) Aruba
13 11 (3.59%) Meraki
14 10 (3.27%) Apple
14 10 (3.27%) CA