Period
to 20 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 20 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
20 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 205 243 232
Rank change year-on-year +38 -11 -8
Contract jobs citing VPN 544 521 479
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 1.32% 1.12% 1.14%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 12.81% 9.19% 9.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 373 333 298
London median daily rate £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% - -
10th Percentile £180 £150 £163
90th Percentile £660 £610 £600
England median daily rate £418 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +1.21% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 24 35
London median hourly rate £32.50 £21.50 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +51.16% -2.27% +4.76%
10th Percentile £13.65 £12.00 £16.25
90th Percentile £39.50 £48.34 £50.00
England median hourly rate £16.60 £18.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year -7.76% - -5.26%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,247 5,667 4,832
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 10.33% 12.19% 11.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,858 3,926 3,210
London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +3.45%
10th Percentile £218 £208 £236
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
England median daily rate £425 £425 £415
% change year-on-year - +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 102 167 138
London median hourly rate £23.25 £20.00 £21.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.25% -5.78% +2.30%
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.00 £12.85
90th Percentile £52.50 £49.25 £50.00
England median hourly rate £21.15 £20.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year +5.75% +6.95% -25.20%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing VPN in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 20 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +13 109 £450 +12.50% 40
West London +33 41 £500 +61.29% 23
South London +26 38 £553 +11.62% 26
East London +7 16 £550 +66.67% 13
North London - 2 £475 - 6
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 20 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 241 (44.30%) Firewall
2 189 (34.74%) Windows
3 178 (32.72%) Cisco
4 171 (31.43%) Active Directory
5 159 (29.23%) WAN
6 148 (27.21%) Amazon AWS
7 140 (25.74%) Microsoft
8 118 (21.69%) LAN
9 114 (20.96%) Microsoft Azure
10 109 (20.04%) DevOps
11 107 (19.67%) Office 365
11 107 (19.67%) DNS
12 106 (19.49%) Cisco Certification
13 102 (18.75%) BGP
14 98 (18.01%) Data Centre
15 97 (17.83%) MPLS
16 94 (17.28%) TCP/IP
16 94 (17.28%) Linux
17 90 (16.54%) DHCP
17 90 (16.54%) Finance
18 89 (16.36%) ITIL
19 87 (15.99%) OSPF
19 87 (15.99%) Security Cleared
20 86 (15.81%) Agile Software Development
21 77 (14.15%) Docker
22 74 (13.60%) VMware
22 74 (13.60%) Wireless
23 73 (13.42%) Windows 10
23 73 (13.42%) SC Cleared
24 72 (13.24%) Terraform

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (7.35%) nginx
2 37 (6.80%) Confluence
3 29 (5.33%) MS Exchange
4 26 (4.78%) Skype for Business
5 20 (3.68%) SharePoint
6 18 (3.31%) OpenStack
7 14 (2.57%) IIS
8 10 (1.84%) Apache
9 9 (1.65%) Exchange Server 2010
10 8 (1.47%) Elasticsearch
11 6 (1.10%) Tomcat
12 4 (0.74%) Exchange Server 2003
13 3 (0.55%) Exchange Server 2013
14 2 (0.37%) Oracle Workflow
15 1 (0.18%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
15 1 (0.18%) Exchange Server 2007
15 1 (0.18%) JBoss
15 1 (0.18%) SharePoint 2013
15 1 (0.18%) WebSphere
15 1 (0.18%) WordPress
Applications
1 63 (11.58%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (3.49%) MS Visio
3 14 (2.57%) Microsoft Excel
4 8 (1.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.55%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 4 (0.74%) Eikon
2 3 (0.55%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.55%) Dynamics NAV
3 2 (0.37%) BigMachines
3 2 (0.37%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.18%) Global One
4 1 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 148 (27.21%) Amazon AWS
2 114 (20.96%) Microsoft Azure
3 107 (19.67%) Office 365
4 45 (8.27%) Virtual Private Cloud
5 39 (7.17%) AWS CloudFormation
6 35 (6.43%) Azure Active Directory
6 35 (6.43%) PaaS
7 27 (4.96%) Amazon S3
8 25 (4.60%) Amazon EC2
9 23 (4.23%) IaaS
10 20 (3.68%) SaaS
10 20 (3.68%) Serverless
11 19 (3.49%) Amazon ELB
11 19 (3.49%) AWS Lambda
12 18 (3.31%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 17 (3.13%) Datadog
13 17 (3.13%) Google Cloud Platform
14 13 (2.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 12 (2.21%) Amazon ECS
15 12 (2.21%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 241 (44.30%) Firewall
2 159 (29.23%) WAN
3 118 (21.69%) LAN
4 107 (19.67%) DNS
5 102 (18.75%) BGP
6 97 (17.83%) MPLS
7 94 (17.28%) TCP/IP
8 90 (16.54%) DHCP
9 87 (15.99%) OSPF
10 74 (13.60%) Wireless
11 68 (12.50%) Network Security
12 64 (11.76%) VLAN
13 60 (11.03%) IPsec
14 58 (10.66%) Internet
15 49 (9.01%) Cisco Nexus
16 48 (8.82%) Wi-Fi
17 47 (8.64%) EIGRP
18 44 (8.09%) Ethernet
19 38 (6.99%) SSL
20 36 (6.62%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (5.51%) SQL Server
2 17 (3.13%) Amazon RDS
3 8 (1.47%) MySQL
4 6 (1.10%) Relational Database
5 5 (0.92%) Data Warehouse
6 4 (0.74%) Big Data
6 4 (0.74%) MongoDB
6 4 (0.74%) NoSQL
7 3 (0.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 3 (0.55%) Azure SQL Database
7 3 (0.55%) Hadoop
8 2 (0.37%) Cosmos DB
8 2 (0.37%) PostgreSQL
8 2 (0.37%) Power BI
8 2 (0.37%) RDBMS
8 2 (0.37%) SQL Server 2016
9 1 (0.18%) Blockchain
9 1 (0.18%) Mixpanel
9 1 (0.18%) SQL Server 2012
9 1 (0.18%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 47 (8.64%) JIRA
2 43 (7.90%) Git (software)
3 29 (5.33%) Jenkins
4 11 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
5 9 (1.65%) SonarQube
6 7 (1.29%) Artifactory
7 5 (0.92%) GitLab
7 5 (0.92%) Maven
8 3 (0.55%) Hudson
8 3 (0.55%) MSI
8 3 (0.55%) Subversion
8 3 (0.55%) Visual Studio
9 2 (0.37%) TeamCity
9 2 (0.37%) Vagrant
9 2 (0.37%) VSS/SourceSafe
10 1 (0.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 1 (0.18%) Bower
10 1 (0.18%) Mercurial
10 1 (0.18%) SoapUI
General
1 90 (16.54%) Finance
2 43 (7.90%) Telecoms
3 25 (4.60%) Banking
4 22 (4.04%) Law
5 16 (2.94%) Legal
6 10 (1.84%) Marketing
7 9 (1.65%) Retail
8 7 (1.29%) Financial Institution
8 7 (1.29%) Publishing
9 6 (1.10%) Billing
10 5 (0.92%) Investment Banking
11 4 (0.74%) Multimedia
12 3 (0.55%) Electronics
12 3 (0.55%) Manufacturing
12 3 (0.55%) Polish Language
13 1 (0.18%) Advertising
13 1 (0.18%) French Language
13 1 (0.18%) Games
13 1 (0.18%) German Language
13 1 (0.18%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 104 (19.12%) Network Engineer
2 86 (15.81%) Architect
3 68 (12.50%) DevOps Engineer
4 52 (9.56%) Support Engineer
5 48 (8.82%) Analyst
6 35 (6.43%) Consultant
6 35 (6.43%) Security Architect
7 33 (6.07%) AWS Engineer
8 31 (5.70%) Senior Network Engineer
9 30 (5.51%) Desktop Support
10 28 (5.15%) Network Architect
11 24 (4.41%) 2nd Line Support
11 24 (4.41%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 24 (4.41%) Support Analyst
12 23 (4.23%) Cloud Architect
13 20 (3.68%) Cloud Engineer
14 19 (3.49%) Security Engineer
15 18 (3.31%) IT Support
16 17 (3.13%) Network Security Architect
17 15 (2.76%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (4.60%) 802.1X
2 18 (3.31%) Web Services
3 14 (2.57%) Node.js
4 11 (2.02%) Elastic Stack
4 11 (2.02%) JSON
5 8 (1.47%) YAML
6 7 (1.29%) LDAP
6 7 (1.29%) REST
7 6 (1.10%) ModSecurity
8 5 (0.92%) J2EE
8 5 (0.92%) LAMP
8 5 (0.92%) SOAP
9 4 (0.74%) CSS
9 4 (0.74%) Regular Expression
9 4 (0.74%) Software Packaging
10 3 (0.55%) .NET
10 3 (0.55%) Keycloak
10 3 (0.55%) WebSockets
11 2 (0.37%) JSP
11 2 (0.37%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 98 (18.01%) Data Centre
2 39 (7.17%) Analytical Skills
3 32 (5.88%) PKI
4 19 (3.49%) Mobile App
5 15 (2.76%) Public Cloud
6 14 (2.57%) Hybrid Cloud
6 14 (2.57%) Video Conferencing
7 13 (2.39%) iPhone
8 11 (2.02%) Smartphone
9 10 (1.84%) Management Information System
9 10 (1.84%) Replication
10 9 (1.65%) Linux Command Line
11 8 (1.47%) Blackberry
11 8 (1.47%) Hedge funds
11 8 (1.47%) iPad
12 7 (1.29%) Cloud Native
13 6 (1.10%) Clustering
14 5 (0.92%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
14 5 (0.92%) Fat Client
14 5 (0.92%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 189 (34.74%) Windows
2 94 (17.28%) Linux
3 73 (13.42%) Windows 10
4 59 (10.85%) Windows 7
5 43 (7.90%) Android
6 42 (7.72%) Unix
7 40 (7.35%) Windows Server
8 36 (6.62%) Windows Server 2012
9 35 (6.43%) Apple iOS
10 25 (4.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 20 (3.68%) Windows Mobile
11 20 (3.68%) Windows Server 2008
12 16 (2.94%) Mac OS
13 8 (1.47%) CentOS
14 7 (1.29%) Mac OS X
15 6 (1.10%) Debian
15 6 (1.10%) Windows 8
16 5 (0.92%) Windows XP
17 4 (0.74%) Windows 2000
17 4 (0.74%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 109 (20.04%) DevOps
2 89 (16.36%) ITIL
3 86 (15.81%) Agile Software Development
4 58 (10.66%) Migration
5 46 (8.46%) Network Design
6 44 (8.09%) Problem-Solving
7 42 (7.72%) High Availability
8 40 (7.35%) Network Management
9 36 (6.62%) Kalman Filter
10 35 (6.43%) Load Balancing
11 31 (5.70%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 31 (5.70%) SIEM
12 29 (5.33%) Continuous Integration
13 28 (5.15%) Network Monitoring
14 27 (4.96%) Computer Science
14 27 (4.96%) Network Virtualisation
14 27 (4.96%) Service Delivery
15 25 (4.60%) Network Architecture
16 24 (4.41%) Information Security
16 24 (4.41%) Service Management
Programming Languages
1 43 (7.90%) PowerShell
2 42 (7.72%) Python
3 36 (6.62%) SQL
4 24 (4.41%) Java
5 23 (4.23%) Bash Shell
6 10 (1.84%) Shell Script
7 9 (1.65%) Perl
8 8 (1.47%) C
9 6 (1.10%) JavaScript
10 5 (0.92%) Ruby
11 4 (0.74%) C#
12 3 (0.55%) C++
13 2 (0.37%) Go
13 2 (0.37%) Groovy
14 1 (0.18%) Bourne shell
14 1 (0.18%) PHP
14 1 (0.18%) R
14 1 (0.18%) T-SQL
14 1 (0.18%) VB
Qualifications
1 106 (19.49%) Cisco Certification
2 87 (15.99%) Security Cleared
3 73 (13.42%) SC Cleared
4 67 (12.32%) CCNP
5 51 (9.38%) CCIE
6 41 (7.54%) Degree
7 37 (6.80%) CCNA
8 18 (3.31%) CISSP
8 18 (3.31%) Microsoft Certification
8 18 (3.31%) RHCE
9 17 (3.13%) AWS Certification
10 14 (2.57%) CCDP
11 10 (1.84%) IISP
11 10 (1.84%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 9 (1.65%) JNCIE
13 8 (1.47%) CCDA
13 8 (1.47%) MCP
14 7 (1.29%) CISM
14 7 (1.29%) DV Cleared
14 7 (1.29%) JNCIP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (2.57%) PCI DSS
1 14 (2.57%) SLA
2 10 (1.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (0.92%) QA
4 4 (0.74%) GDPR
5 3 (0.55%) PMO
6 2 (0.37%) COBIT
6 2 (0.37%) HIPAA
6 2 (0.37%) NIST
6 2 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 171 (31.43%) Active Directory
2 77 (14.15%) Docker
3 57 (10.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (3.68%) VMware ESXi
5 19 (3.49%) vSphere
6 18 (3.31%) XenApp
7 16 (2.94%) BitLocker
7 16 (2.94%) Hyper-V
8 14 (2.57%) VMware Workstation
9 9 (1.65%) Virtual Machines
9 9 (1.65%) XenDesktop
10 6 (1.10%) Snort
10 6 (1.10%) Squid
10 6 (1.10%) Terminal Services
11 5 (0.92%) Virtual Desktop
12 4 (0.74%) IAG
13 3 (0.55%) NFS
14 2 (0.37%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 2 (0.37%) Firmware
14 2 (0.37%) ISA Server
Systems Management
1 72 (13.24%) Terraform
2 70 (12.87%) Kubernetes
3 54 (9.93%) Ansible
4 36 (6.62%) Packer
4 36 (6.62%) SCCM
5 27 (4.96%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (4.60%) Consul
6 25 (4.60%) Puppet
7 24 (4.41%) Microsoft Intune
8 13 (2.39%) Failover Clustering
9 12 (2.21%) CASB
10 10 (1.84%) FortiGate
10 10 (1.84%) HAProxy
11 8 (1.47%) Nagios
12 7 (1.29%) Kibana
13 6 (1.10%) Cacti
13 6 (1.10%) Cisco Prime
13 6 (1.10%) Sysdig
14 5 (0.92%) logstash
14 5 (0.92%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 178 (32.72%) Cisco
2 140 (25.74%) Microsoft
3 74 (13.60%) VMware
4 59 (10.85%) CheckPoint
4 59 (10.85%) Palo Alto
5 54 (9.93%) Citrix
6 50 (9.19%) F5
7 41 (7.54%) Juniper
8 35 (6.43%) Splunk
9 32 (5.88%) HP
10 31 (5.70%) Fortinet
11 27 (4.96%) Apple
12 25 (4.60%) Dell
12 25 (4.60%) Red Hat
13 23 (4.23%) SolarWinds
14 22 (4.04%) Oracle
15 20 (3.68%) Samsung
16 17 (3.13%) Google
17 16 (2.94%) Riverbed
18 14 (2.57%) Meraki