Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
England > London
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 290 222 206
Rank change year-on-year -68 -16 +44
Contract jobs citing VPN 242 172 543
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 0.81% 1.06% 1.34%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 8.70% 9.80% 12.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 160 122 383
10th Percentile £246 £256 £178
25th Percentile £346 £386 £338
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £490 £475
Median % change year-on-year -8.16% +3.16% +11.76%
75th Percentile £541 £556 £575
90th Percentile £619 £636 £700
England median daily rate £425 £445 £425
% change year-on-year -4.44% +4.65% +2.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 4 10
10th Percentile £46.90 £21.28 £13.76
25th Percentile £47.42 £34.68 £15.18
Median hourly rate £49.83 £46.13 £29.25
Median % change year-on-year +8.02% +57.70% +36.05%
75th Percentile £52.06 £49.06 £45.25
90th Percentile £52.48 £49.63 £50.75
England median hourly rate £18.00 £19.00 £17.25
% change year-on-year -5.26% +10.14% +1.47%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 2,783 1,755 4,193
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 9.35% 10.81% 10.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,899 1,218 2,871
10th Percentile £300 £255 £213
25th Percentile £400 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £470 £475
Median % change year-on-year +6.38% -1.05% +5.56%
75th Percentile £610 £575 £575
90th Percentile £699 £657 £656
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 44 101
10th Percentile £13.10 £15.08 £13.88
25th Percentile £20.00 £24.63 £18.00
Median hourly rate £30.00 £40.75 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year -26.38% +85.23% +10.00%
75th Percentile £51.88 £47.83 £43.01
90th Percentile £69.80 £53.38 £51.25
England median hourly rate £22.00 £24.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year -8.33% +14.29% +5.00%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Daily rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing VPN in London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for VPN in London

VPN
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing VPN in London.

Hourly rate trend for VPN in London

VPN
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the London region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -22 25 £443 -11.50% 39
South London +24 8 £403 -7.89% 5
West London +4 5 £489 +30.40% 10
East London +5 3 £403 +123.61% 7
North London - 3 £155 -
VPN
England

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for VPN.

1 114 (47.11%) Firewall
2 97 (40.08%) Windows
3 96 (39.67%) Azure
4 78 (32.23%) Microsoft 365
5 76 (31.40%) Cisco
6 74 (30.58%) Active Directory
7 61 (25.21%) Microsoft
8 51 (21.07%) Linux
9 49 (20.25%) WAN
10 48 (19.83%) Social Skills
11 47 (19.42%) DNS
12 45 (18.60%) Finance
13 44 (18.18%) MPLS
14 42 (17.36%) BGP
15 40 (16.53%) AWS
16 38 (15.70%) Agile Software Development
17 37 (15.29%) VMware
17 37 (15.29%) Cisco Certification
18 36 (14.88%) Windows Server
19 34 (14.05%) Public Sector
20 33 (13.64%) Microsoft Office
21 32 (13.22%) OSPF
21 32 (13.22%) Azure Active Directory
22 31 (12.81%) Terraform
23 29 (11.98%) Wi-Fi
23 29 (11.98%) LAN
23 29 (11.98%) TCP/IP
24 28 (11.57%) Wireless
24 28 (11.57%) Network Security
24 28 (11.57%) PowerShell

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (7.02%) Confluence
2 10 (4.13%) SharePoint
3 8 (3.31%) MS Exchange
4 6 (2.48%) Skype for Business
5 5 (2.07%) IIS
6 4 (1.65%) Apache
7 3 (1.24%) Exchange Server 2010
8 2 (0.83%) Tomcat
8 2 (0.83%) WebSphere
9 1 (0.41%) Exchange Server 2007
9 1 (0.41%) IBM Notes
9 1 (0.41%) nginx
Applications
1 33 (13.64%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (5.37%) MS Visio
3 5 (2.07%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.83%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (1.24%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.41%) Oracle ERP
2 1 (0.41%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 96 (39.67%) Azure
2 78 (32.23%) Microsoft 365
3 40 (16.53%) AWS
4 32 (13.22%) Azure Active Directory
5 25 (10.33%) SaaS
6 18 (7.44%) IaaS
7 17 (7.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 15 (6.20%) PaaS
9 13 (5.37%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 12 (4.96%) GCP
11 9 (3.72%) GitHub
12 8 (3.31%) Amazon ECS
12 8 (3.31%) Azure Key Vault
13 7 (2.89%) Mimecast
13 7 (2.89%) OneDrive
14 6 (2.48%) Amazon S3
14 6 (2.48%) AWS Lambda
14 6 (2.48%) Route 53
14 6 (2.48%) Serverless
15 5 (2.07%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 114 (47.11%) Firewall
2 49 (20.25%) WAN
3 47 (19.42%) DNS
4 44 (18.18%) MPLS
5 42 (17.36%) BGP
6 32 (13.22%) OSPF
7 29 (11.98%) LAN
7 29 (11.98%) TCP/IP
7 29 (11.98%) Wi-Fi
8 28 (11.57%) Network Security
8 28 (11.57%) Wireless
9 25 (10.33%) DHCP
10 23 (9.50%) SSL
11 22 (9.09%) VLAN
12 18 (7.44%) IPsec
13 16 (6.61%) Ethernet
14 15 (6.20%) Internet
15 14 (5.79%) EIGRP
16 13 (5.37%) SD-WAN
17 12 (4.96%) HSRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (2.89%) Relational Database
2 6 (2.48%) MySQL
2 6 (2.48%) SQL Server
3 5 (2.07%) Amazon RDS
4 3 (1.24%) Apache Cassandra
4 3 (1.24%) NoSQL
5 2 (0.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 2 (0.83%) Azure SQL Database
5 2 (0.83%) Data Warehouse
5 2 (0.83%) DB2
5 2 (0.83%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (0.41%) Electronic Patient Records
6 1 (0.41%) Ingres
6 1 (0.41%) MariaDB
6 1 (0.41%) MongoDB
6 1 (0.41%) SAP BW
6 1 (0.41%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 20 (8.26%) JIRA
2 16 (6.61%) Jenkins
3 13 (5.37%) Git (software)
4 6 (2.48%) Artifactory
4 6 (2.48%) SonarQube
5 3 (1.24%) Arsenale Dataplane
5 3 (1.24%) Chocolatey
5 3 (1.24%) GitLab
5 3 (1.24%) Maven
5 3 (1.24%) TestRail
6 2 (0.83%) Cucumber
6 2 (0.83%) JMeter
6 2 (0.83%) JUnit
6 2 (0.83%) Selenium
6 2 (0.83%) Sonatype Nexus
6 2 (0.83%) VSS/SourceSafe
7 1 (0.41%) Burp Suite
7 1 (0.41%) Postman
7 1 (0.41%) Rational Rhapsody
7 1 (0.41%) SoapUI
General
1 48 (19.83%) Social Skills
2 45 (18.60%) Finance
3 34 (14.05%) Public Sector
4 22 (9.09%) Telecoms
5 14 (5.79%) Banking
6 11 (4.55%) Marketing
7 9 (3.72%) Electronics
7 9 (3.72%) Manufacturing
7 9 (3.72%) Presentation Skills
7 9 (3.72%) Publishing
8 6 (2.48%) Analytical Skills
8 6 (2.48%) Retail
9 5 (2.07%) Documentation Skills
10 3 (1.24%) Influencing Skills
10 3 (1.24%) Organisational Skills
11 2 (0.83%) Games
11 2 (0.83%) Law
11 2 (0.83%) Legal
12 1 (0.41%) Advertising
12 1 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 29 (11.98%) Architect
2 28 (11.57%) Network Engineer
3 21 (8.68%) Analyst
4 19 (7.85%) Consultant
5 17 (7.02%) Security Engineer
6 13 (5.37%) Azure Engineer
6 13 (5.37%) Designer
6 13 (5.37%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 13 (5.37%) Microsoft 365 Engineer
7 12 (4.96%) DevOps Engineer
8 9 (3.72%) Microsoft 365 Consultant
8 9 (3.72%) Network Designer
9 8 (3.31%) AWS Engineer
9 8 (3.31%) Cloud Engineer
9 8 (3.31%) IT Manager
9 8 (3.31%) Network Architect
9 8 (3.31%) Network Security Engineer
9 8 (3.31%) Senior Network Engineer
10 7 (2.89%) IT Analyst
10 7 (2.89%) Service Desk Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8 (3.31%) Kafka
2 7 (2.89%) Express
2 7 (2.89%) Web Services
3 6 (2.48%) REST
3 6 (2.48%) SAML
4 5 (2.07%) LAMP
5 4 (1.65%) Keycloak
5 4 (1.65%) Sensu
6 3 (1.24%) Elastic Stack
6 3 (1.24%) Node.js
6 3 (1.24%) OAuth
6 3 (1.24%) RESTful
6 3 (1.24%) Software Packaging
6 3 (1.24%) Velocity
7 2 (0.83%) JSON
7 2 (0.83%) LDAP
7 2 (0.83%) MEAN Stack
7 2 (0.83%) Regular Expression
7 2 (0.83%) SOAP
7 2 (0.83%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 25 (10.33%) Data Centre
2 14 (5.79%) PKI
3 12 (4.96%) Self-Motivation
4 11 (4.55%) Management Information System
5 9 (3.72%) Social Media
6 8 (3.31%) Hybrid Cloud
6 8 (3.31%) Public Cloud
7 7 (2.89%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 7 (2.89%) Mobile App
8 5 (2.07%) Algorithms
8 5 (2.07%) Client/Server
9 4 (1.65%) Fibre Optics
9 4 (1.65%) User Experience
10 3 (1.24%) Cloud Native
10 3 (1.24%) Device Driver
10 3 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
10 3 (1.24%) Microsoft Licensing
10 3 (1.24%) NHS
10 3 (1.24%) Smartphone
10 3 (1.24%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 97 (40.08%) Windows
2 51 (21.07%) Linux
3 36 (14.88%) Windows Server
4 25 (10.33%) Windows 10
5 21 (8.68%) Android
6 16 (6.61%) Apple iOS
6 16 (6.61%) Windows Server 2012
7 14 (5.79%) Windows Mobile
8 13 (5.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 13 (5.37%) Windows Server 2019
9 11 (4.55%) Windows 7
10 7 (2.89%) Windows Server 2016
11 6 (2.48%) Ubuntu
11 6 (2.48%) Unix
12 4 (1.65%) HPUX
12 4 (1.65%) Mac OS
12 4 (1.65%) Windows Server 2003
12 4 (1.65%) Windows Server 2008
13 3 (1.24%) CentOS
13 3 (1.24%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 38 (15.70%) Agile Software Development
2 27 (11.16%) ITIL
3 26 (10.74%) DevOps
4 25 (10.33%) Migration
5 22 (9.09%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 17 (7.02%) Network Design
7 16 (6.61%) Cybersecurity
7 16 (6.61%) Mentoring
7 16 (6.61%) Network Architecture
8 15 (6.20%) Infrastructure as Code
8 15 (6.20%) Security Architecture
8 15 (6.20%) SIEM
9 14 (5.79%) Network Management
10 13 (5.37%) Analytics
10 13 (5.37%) Kalman Filter
10 13 (5.37%) Project Management
11 12 (4.96%) Information Security
11 12 (4.96%) Multi-Factor Authentication
11 12 (4.96%) Problem-Solving
11 12 (4.96%) Service Delivery
Programming Languages
1 28 (11.57%) PowerShell
2 27 (11.16%) Python
3 14 (5.79%) SQL
4 12 (4.96%) Bash Shell
5 10 (4.13%) Java
6 8 (3.31%) C
6 8 (3.31%) Go
7 5 (2.07%) C++
7 5 (2.07%) Perl
8 4 (1.65%) Shell Script
9 3 (1.24%) Rust
10 2 (0.83%) PL/SQL
10 2 (0.83%) Ruby
11 1 (0.41%) JavaScript
11 1 (0.41%) PHP
11 1 (0.41%) Tcl
11 1 (0.41%) T-SQL
11 1 (0.41%) VB
Qualifications
1 37 (15.29%) Cisco Certification
2 23 (9.50%) CCNP
2 23 (9.50%) Security Cleared
3 20 (8.26%) SC Cleared
4 17 (7.02%) Degree
5 16 (6.61%) CCNA
6 13 (5.37%) CCIE
7 9 (3.72%) JNCIS
8 7 (2.89%) CCDA
8 7 (2.89%) CISSP
8 7 (2.89%) JNCIP
9 6 (2.48%) MCSE
9 6 (2.48%) Microsoft Certification
10 5 (2.07%) AWS Certification
10 5 (2.07%) CCDP
10 5 (2.07%) MCP
11 4 (1.65%) CISM
11 4 (1.65%) DV Cleared
11 4 (1.65%) JNCIA
12 3 (1.24%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (3.72%) SLA
2 7 (2.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 3 (1.24%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 2 (0.83%) Accessibility
4 2 (0.83%) QA
5 1 (0.41%) GDPR
5 1 (0.41%) HL7
5 1 (0.41%) ISO 22301
5 1 (0.41%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.41%) NIST
5 1 (0.41%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.41%) SEPA
System Software
1 74 (30.58%) Active Directory
2 25 (10.33%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (7.02%) Docker
4 15 (6.20%) Hyper-V
5 11 (4.55%) VMware ESXi
6 8 (3.31%) Virtual Desktop
6 8 (3.31%) vSphere
7 7 (2.89%) VMware NSX
8 6 (2.48%) iptables
9 5 (2.07%) KVM
10 4 (1.65%) Virtual Machines
11 3 (1.24%) ProxySG
11 3 (1.24%) Xen
12 2 (0.83%) pfSense
12 2 (0.83%) Terminal Server
12 2 (0.83%) Terminal Services
12 2 (0.83%) VirtualBox
13 1 (0.41%) Firmware
13 1 (0.41%) Varnish
13 1 (0.41%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 31 (12.81%) Terraform
2 27 (11.16%) Microsoft Intune
3 22 (9.09%) Kubernetes
4 20 (8.26%) Ansible
5 17 (7.02%) SCCM
6 14 (5.79%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 10 (4.13%) Single Sign-On
8 8 (3.31%) FortiGate
8 8 (3.31%) HP NNM
9 6 (2.48%) Grafana
9 6 (2.48%) Istio
9 6 (2.48%) Prometheus
9 6 (2.48%) Sysdig
10 5 (2.07%) Puppet
11 4 (1.65%) ZABBIX
12 3 (1.24%) Nagios
12 3 (1.24%) SmoothWall
12 3 (1.24%) TrustSec
13 2 (0.83%) HAProxy
13 2 (0.83%) Salt
Vendors
1 76 (31.40%) Cisco
2 61 (25.21%) Microsoft
3 37 (15.29%) VMware
4 27 (11.16%) Juniper
5 21 (8.68%) Palo Alto
6 19 (7.85%) F5
7 18 (7.44%) Citrix
8 17 (7.02%) HP
9 14 (5.79%) Fortinet
9 14 (5.79%) Meraki
10 12 (4.96%) CheckPoint
10 12 (4.96%) Samsung
10 12 (4.96%) SolarWinds
11 11 (4.55%) Red Hat
12 10 (4.13%) SAP
13 9 (3.72%) Nokia
13 9 (3.72%) ServiceNow
14 8 (3.31%) Infoblox
15 7 (2.89%) Google
15 7 (2.89%) Splunk