Period
to 19 November 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 19 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 416 478 510
Rank change year-on-year +62 +32 -11
Contract jobs citing PKI 523 424 393
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.55% 0.45% 0.40%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.61% 1.31% 1.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 362 252 279
England median daily rate £500 £488 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +5.41% +5.41%
10th Percentile £339 £280 £320
90th Percentile £650 £680 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £453
% change year-on-year +5.26% +4.97% +3.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 10 4
England median hourly rate £42.50 £31.00 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +37.10% -10.14% +5.41%
10th Percentile £28.10 £13.07 £31.50
90th Percentile £47.00 £44.38 £40.55
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £31.00 £34.50
% change year-on-year +37.10% -10.14% +5.41%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 32,515 32,327 33,291
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.43% 34.66% 34.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,715 21,605 21,929
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £285 £263 £253
90th Percentile £671 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 983 959 1,144
England median hourly rate £21.25 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £12.23 £11.17 £11.72
90th Percentile £51.00 £48.00 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.10%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the England region over the 6 months to 19 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 225 £575 +6.48% 22
South East +52 149 £500 +0.10% 19
North of England -20 47 £425 +21.43% 9
East of England +24 45 £425 -19.05% 10
South West -8 38 £410 -34.40% 10
Yorkshire -5 25 £450 -6.49% 3
Midlands -38 19 £600 +108.70% 8
North West -28 18 £295 +5.36% 6
West Midlands -21 17 £600 +50.00% 3
East Midlands -13 6 £600 +114.29% 5
North East -4 4 £274 -
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 19 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PKI.

1 192 (36.71%) Windows
2 177 (33.84%) Active Directory
3 175 (33.46%) Microsoft
4 137 (26.20%) DNS
5 131 (25.05%) Firewall
6 130 (24.86%) Security Cleared
7 98 (18.74%) Microsoft Azure
7 98 (18.74%) Windows Server
8 91 (17.40%) VMware
9 90 (17.21%) SC Cleared
10 88 (16.83%) Migration
10 88 (16.83%) Linux
11 86 (16.44%) Finance
12 84 (16.06%) Amazon AWS
13 83 (15.87%) LDAP
14 78 (14.91%) DevOps
15 76 (14.53%) Single Sign-On
16 75 (14.34%) Java
16 75 (14.34%) Cisco
16 75 (14.34%) PowerShell
17 73 (13.96%) VMware Infrastructure
18 69 (13.19%) Identity Management
19 68 (13.00%) Docker
20 67 (12.81%) DHCP
21 66 (12.62%) SSL
22 65 (12.43%) Ansible
22 65 (12.43%) Office 365
23 64 (12.24%) SIEM
24 63 (12.05%) SAML
25 62 (11.85%) Python

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (11.47%) Apache
2 45 (8.60%) SharePoint
3 44 (8.41%) IIS
4 32 (6.12%) MS Exchange
5 31 (5.93%) Confluence
6 30 (5.74%) nginx
7 29 (5.54%) Skype for Business
8 23 (4.40%) Tomcat
9 14 (2.68%) OpenStack
10 8 (1.53%) Cloud Foundry
11 7 (1.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 6 (1.15%) Elasticsearch
12 6 (1.15%) Exchange Server 2003
12 6 (1.15%) Exchange Server 2010
12 6 (1.15%) JBoss
12 6 (1.15%) Oracle HTTP Server
12 6 (1.15%) WebLogic
13 5 (0.96%) SharePoint Server
14 4 (0.76%) Exchange Server 2013
15 3 (0.57%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 16 (3.06%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (2.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (2.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (1.91%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.38%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (1.15%) Oracle BPM
2 3 (0.57%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.19%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
Cloud Services
1 98 (18.74%) Microsoft Azure
2 84 (16.06%) Amazon AWS
3 65 (12.43%) Office 365
4 35 (6.69%) Azure Active Directory
5 32 (6.12%) IaaS
6 29 (5.54%) PaaS
7 16 (3.06%) Serverless
8 13 (2.49%) SaaS
9 11 (2.10%) AWS Lambda
10 10 (1.91%) GitHub
11 9 (1.72%) Amazon EC2
11 9 (1.72%) OpenShift
12 8 (1.53%) AWS CloudFormation
12 8 (1.53%) Google Cloud Platform
12 8 (1.53%) Yammer
13 7 (1.34%) Cloud Computing
13 7 (1.34%) IBM Cloud
14 5 (0.96%) Akamai
14 5 (0.96%) Azure Functions
15 3 (0.57%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 137 (26.20%) DNS
2 131 (25.05%) Firewall
3 67 (12.81%) DHCP
4 66 (12.62%) SSL
5 58 (11.09%) VPN
6 55 (10.52%) Kerberos
7 45 (8.60%) Network Security
8 43 (8.22%) TCP/IP
9 37 (7.07%) HTTP
10 34 (6.50%) IPsec
11 32 (6.12%) Internet
12 26 (4.97%) Cisco ASA
13 25 (4.78%) Skype
14 21 (4.02%) FTP
15 20 (3.82%) LAN
16 18 (3.44%) SSH
17 17 (3.25%) NetScaler
17 17 (3.25%) SAN
18 16 (3.06%) VLAN
18 16 (3.06%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (7.07%) SQL Server
2 26 (4.97%) PostgreSQL
3 17 (3.25%) Big Data
4 16 (3.06%) Hadoop
4 16 (3.06%) MongoDB
5 13 (2.49%) MySQL
6 7 (1.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 7 (1.34%) NoSQL
6 7 (1.34%) Oracle Database
6 7 (1.34%) Relational Database
6 7 (1.34%) SQL Server 2008
7 6 (1.15%) Oracle Database 10g
8 5 (0.96%) Cosmos DB
8 5 (0.96%) RDBMS
8 5 (0.96%) SQL Server 2005
8 5 (0.96%) SQL Server 2012
9 4 (0.76%) HBase
10 3 (0.57%) Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.57%) Redis
10 3 (0.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 45 (8.60%) Jenkins
2 43 (8.22%) JIRA
3 27 (5.16%) Git (software)
4 24 (4.59%) Bitbucket
5 16 (3.06%) Artifactory
5 16 (3.06%) Maven
6 12 (2.29%) Vagrant
7 9 (1.72%) Team Foundation Server
8 7 (1.34%) GitLab
8 7 (1.34%) IBM UrbanCode
9 6 (1.15%) Selenium
10 5 (0.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 5 (0.96%) CircleCI
10 5 (0.96%) Cucumber
10 5 (0.96%) Travis CI
10 5 (0.96%) Visual Studio Team System
11 4 (0.76%) git-flow
11 4 (0.76%) Octopus Deploy
12 3 (0.57%) Sonatype Nexus
12 3 (0.57%) Zephyr
General
1 86 (16.44%) Finance
2 40 (7.65%) Banking
3 15 (2.87%) Military
3 15 (2.87%) Telecoms
4 10 (1.91%) Legal
5 7 (1.34%) Local Government
6 6 (1.15%) Multimedia
7 5 (0.96%) Financial Institution
8 4 (0.76%) Aerospace
8 4 (0.76%) Investment Banking
8 4 (0.76%) Manufacturing
9 3 (0.57%) Advertising
9 3 (0.57%) Publishing
9 3 (0.57%) Retail
10 2 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.19%) Automotive
11 1 (0.19%) Avionics
Job Titles
1 110 (21.03%) Architect
2 74 (14.15%) Security Architect
3 61 (11.66%) Consultant
4 45 (8.60%) Security Engineer
5 42 (8.03%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 36 (6.88%) DevOps Engineer
7 34 (6.50%) Developer
8 29 (5.54%) Analyst
9 22 (4.21%) Java Developer
9 22 (4.21%) Network Engineer
9 22 (4.21%) Support Engineer
10 20 (3.82%) Security Consultant
11 17 (3.25%) Active Directory Engineer
11 17 (3.25%) Solutions Architect
12 14 (2.68%) Active Directory Consultant
13 13 (2.49%) Administrator
13 13 (2.49%) Applications Architect
13 13 (2.49%) Cloud Architect
13 13 (2.49%) Security Analyst
13 13 (2.49%) Server Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 83 (15.87%) LDAP
2 63 (12.05%) SAML
3 44 (8.41%) OAuth
4 38 (7.27%) JSON
5 28 (5.35%) .NET
6 27 (5.16%) OpenID
6 27 (5.16%) REST
6 27 (5.16%) XML
7 25 (4.78%) WCF
8 20 (3.82%) SPNEGO
9 16 (3.06%) SailPoint
9 16 (3.06%) Spring
10 14 (2.68%) 802.1X
10 14 (2.68%) DCOM
11 13 (2.49%) COM+
11 13 (2.49%) Java EE
11 13 (2.49%) OAuth2
11 13 (2.49%) Rendezvous
11 13 (2.49%) RESTful
11 13 (2.49%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 42 (8.03%) Data Centre
2 32 (6.12%) Analytical Skills
3 23 (4.40%) Management Information System
4 15 (2.87%) Self-Motivation
5 12 (2.29%) Clustering
5 12 (2.29%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
5 12 (2.29%) Fintech
5 12 (2.29%) Public Cloud
6 11 (2.10%) Computer Science
6 11 (2.10%) Replication
7 10 (1.91%) Smartcard
8 9 (1.72%) Greenfield Project
8 9 (1.72%) RSA SecurID
9 8 (1.53%) Enterprise Software
9 8 (1.53%) Fat Client
9 8 (1.53%) Thin Client
10 7 (1.34%) Hybrid Cloud
10 7 (1.34%) Mobile App
10 7 (1.34%) Private Cloud
10 7 (1.34%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 192 (36.71%) Windows
2 98 (18.74%) Windows Server
3 88 (16.83%) Linux
4 52 (9.94%) Windows Server 2012
5 33 (6.31%) Unix
5 33 (6.31%) Windows Server 2008
6 29 (5.54%) Windows 10
7 25 (4.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 23 (4.40%) Windows 7
9 19 (3.63%) CentOS
10 15 (2.87%) Windows Server 2003
11 11 (2.10%) Ubuntu
12 8 (1.53%) Apple iOS
13 7 (1.34%) Android
13 7 (1.34%) Solaris
13 7 (1.34%) SUSE
14 5 (0.96%) Check Point GAiA
15 4 (0.76%) Windows Phone
15 4 (0.76%) Windows Phone 8
16 2 (0.38%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 88 (16.83%) Migration
2 78 (14.91%) DevOps
3 69 (13.19%) Identity Management
4 64 (12.24%) SIEM
5 60 (11.47%) Identity Access Management
6 51 (9.75%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 50 (9.56%) Problem-Solving
8 47 (8.99%) Agile Software Development
9 44 (8.41%) Cybersecurity
10 41 (7.84%) ITIL
11 40 (7.65%) Information Security
12 39 (7.46%) Project Management
13 33 (6.31%) Security Architecture
13 33 (6.31%) SOA
14 32 (6.12%) Cryptography
15 30 (5.74%) Load Balancing
16 26 (4.97%) High Availability
16 26 (4.97%) Penetration Testing
17 25 (4.78%) Microservices
17 25 (4.78%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 75 (14.34%) Java
1 75 (14.34%) PowerShell
2 62 (11.85%) Python
3 56 (10.71%) SQL
4 30 (5.74%) Bash Shell
5 23 (4.40%) JavaScript
5 23 (4.40%) Perl
6 22 (4.21%) C++
7 21 (4.02%) C#
8 18 (3.44%) Ruby
9 12 (2.29%) C
10 10 (1.91%) Shell Script
11 6 (1.15%) VBScript
12 5 (0.96%) Go
12 5 (0.96%) Groovy
13 2 (0.38%) Java 8
13 2 (0.38%) T-SQL
14 1 (0.19%) MATLAB
14 1 (0.19%) VB
14 1 (0.19%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 130 (24.86%) Security Cleared
2 90 (17.21%) SC Cleared
3 41 (7.84%) CISSP
4 35 (6.69%) DV Cleared
5 33 (6.31%) Microsoft Certification
6 29 (5.54%) CISM
7 27 (5.16%) Degree
8 20 (3.82%) Cisco Certification
8 20 (3.82%) MCSE
9 15 (2.87%) Citrix Certification
10 14 (2.68%) MCSA
11 13 (2.49%) Computer Science Degree
12 11 (2.10%) CESG Certified Professional
12 11 (2.10%) CISA
13 10 (1.91%) CCNP
14 9 (1.72%) ISSAP
15 8 (1.53%) CEH
16 7 (1.34%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 7 (1.34%) CCA
16 7 (1.34%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (6.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 22 (4.21%) PCI DSS
3 14 (2.68%) GDPR
4 10 (1.91%) QA
5 5 (0.96%) RMADS
6 3 (0.57%) COBIT
6 3 (0.57%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.57%) SLA
7 2 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 2 (0.38%) JSP 440
8 1 (0.19%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.19%) GAMP
8 1 (0.19%) ISAE 3402
8 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 1 (0.19%) NIST 800
System Software
1 177 (33.84%) Active Directory
2 73 (13.96%) VMware Infrastructure
3 68 (13.00%) Docker
4 26 (4.97%) Hyper-V
5 22 (4.21%) vSphere
6 19 (3.63%) VMware ESXi
6 19 (3.63%) XenApp
7 15 (2.87%) Virtual Machines
8 14 (2.68%) DFS Replication
9 12 (2.29%) XenDesktop
10 9 (1.72%) iptables
10 9 (1.72%) Microsoft App-V
11 8 (1.53%) VMware NSX
11 8 (1.53%) XenServer
12 7 (1.34%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
12 7 (1.34%) Citrix Presentation Server
13 6 (1.15%) BitLocker
14 4 (0.76%) KVM
14 4 (0.76%) LXC
14 4 (0.76%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 76 (14.53%) Single Sign-On
2 65 (12.43%) Ansible
3 55 (10.52%) SCCM
4 48 (9.18%) Puppet
5 42 (8.03%) Opscode Chef
6 39 (7.46%) CA Single Sign-On
7 37 (7.07%) Kubernetes
8 36 (6.88%) SCOM
9 32 (6.12%) Terraform
10 19 (3.63%) Microsoft Intune
11 18 (3.44%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 18 (3.44%) HP Fortify
11 18 (3.44%) Salt
12 15 (2.87%) Nagios
13 12 (2.29%) ZABBIX
14 11 (2.10%) AirWatch
14 11 (2.10%) WSUS
15 7 (1.34%) CASB
15 7 (1.34%) PowerCLI
15 7 (1.34%) SELinux
Vendors
1 175 (33.46%) Microsoft
2 91 (17.40%) VMware
3 75 (14.34%) Cisco
4 58 (11.09%) Citrix
5 49 (9.37%) CA
6 30 (5.74%) Oracle
7 28 (5.35%) BMC
8 24 (4.59%) CheckPoint
8 24 (4.59%) McAfee
8 24 (4.59%) Red Hat
8 24 (4.59%) Splunk
9 20 (3.82%) Axway
10 17 (3.25%) Symantec
11 16 (3.06%) IBM
12 14 (2.68%) NetApp
12 14 (2.68%) SolarWinds
13 13 (2.49%) ForgeRock
13 13 (2.49%) TIBCO
14 12 (2.29%) Palo Alto
14 12 (2.29%) ServiceNow