Period
to 26 January 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 26 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 390 438 489
Rank change year-on-year +48 +51 +39
Contract jobs citing PKI 357 468 408
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.55% 0.52% 0.44%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.76% 1.59% 1.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 219 331 248
England median daily rate £485 £500 £495
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.00% +1.01% +10.00%
10th Percentile £350 £350 £279
90th Percentile £700 £663 £675
UK median daily rate £485 £500 £488
% change year-on-year -3.00% +2.56% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 9 9
England median hourly rate £50.25 £35.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +43.57% +16.67% -9.09%
10th Percentile £12.00 £14.70 £13.04
90th Percentile £53.58 £47.00 £35.75
UK median hourly rate £49.60 £35.00 £32.00
% change year-on-year +41.70% +9.38% -3.03%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 20,271 29,363 30,661
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.41% 32.44% 33.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,953 19,335 20,571
England median daily rate £470 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £256 £281 £263
90th Percentile £675 £663 £660
UK median daily rate £450 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 880 905 906
England median hourly rate £23.56 £21.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.20% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £12.42 £12.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.00 £48.75 £48.00
UK median hourly rate £24.44 £20.88 £21.00
% change year-on-year +17.05% -0.60% +5.00%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 26 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 26 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the England region over the 6 months to 26 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +84 123 £525 -8.70% 23
South West +26 60 £475 +5.56% 11
South East -1 54 £429 -14.20% 15
East of England +35 49 £525 +23.53% 3
West Midlands +66 36 £550 -8.33% 9
Midlands +61 36 £550 -8.33% 10
North of England +55 34 £400 - 4
North West +38 26 £375 -10.71% 2
Yorkshire +35 6 £420 +5.00% 1
North East +20 2 - - 1
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 26 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PKI.

1 192 (53.78%) Active Directory
2 175 (49.02%) Windows
3 138 (38.66%) Microsoft
4 127 (35.57%) Security Cleared
5 112 (31.37%) DNS
6 100 (28.01%) Azure
7 91 (25.49%) PowerShell
8 89 (24.93%) Firewall
9 81 (22.69%) Windows Server
10 79 (22.13%) DHCP
11 77 (21.57%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 72 (20.17%) SC Cleared
13 71 (19.89%) AWS
14 69 (19.33%) VMware
15 62 (17.37%) Cisco
15 62 (17.37%) DevOps
16 59 (16.53%) Identity Access Management
17 58 (16.25%) SCCM
18 56 (15.69%) Agile Software Development
19 52 (14.57%) Linux
20 51 (14.29%) Migration
21 49 (13.73%) Docker
22 48 (13.45%) SQL Server
22 48 (13.45%) Citrix
22 48 (13.45%) VMware Infrastructure
23 47 (13.17%) Data Centre
23 47 (13.17%) Windows Server 2012
24 45 (12.61%) Java
25 43 (12.04%) ITIL
25 43 (12.04%) SSL

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (9.80%) SharePoint
2 28 (7.84%) Skype for Business
3 23 (6.44%) Confluence
4 21 (5.88%) Apache
5 20 (5.60%) MS Exchange
6 16 (4.48%) IIS
7 8 (2.24%) Exchange Server 2003
8 7 (1.96%) JBoss
8 7 (1.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 6 (1.68%) Exchange Server 2013
10 5 (1.40%) nginx
11 4 (1.12%) Elasticsearch
11 4 (1.12%) Exchange Server 2010
11 4 (1.12%) Oracle Workflow
12 3 (0.84%) Jetty
12 3 (0.84%) Oracle HTTP Server
12 3 (0.84%) Tomcat
12 3 (0.84%) WebLogic
12 3 (0.84%) WebSphere
13 2 (0.56%) Umbraco
Applications
1 8 (2.24%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.28%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.84%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 100 (28.01%) Azure
2 71 (19.89%) AWS
3 42 (11.76%) Azure Active Directory
4 39 (10.92%) Office 365
5 20 (5.60%) PaaS
6 18 (5.04%) SaaS
7 17 (4.76%) IaaS
8 12 (3.36%) Serverless
9 8 (2.24%) Amazon EC2
9 8 (2.24%) Amazon ECS
9 8 (2.24%) GCP
10 6 (1.68%) AWS Lambda
10 6 (1.68%) GitHub
10 6 (1.68%) OneDrive
10 6 (1.68%) OpenShift
10 6 (1.68%) Power Platform
11 5 (1.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 5 (1.40%) Amazon S3
11 5 (1.40%) Route 53
11 5 (1.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 112 (31.37%) DNS
2 89 (24.93%) Firewall
3 79 (22.13%) DHCP
4 43 (12.04%) SSL
5 41 (11.48%) Network Security
6 39 (10.92%) VPN
7 32 (8.96%) TCP/IP
8 31 (8.68%) IPsec
9 30 (8.40%) WAN
10 26 (7.28%) Skype
11 25 (7.00%) VLAN
12 24 (6.72%) LAN
13 20 (5.60%) MPLS
14 19 (5.32%) Kerberos
15 17 (4.76%) NetScaler
16 16 (4.48%) BGP
16 16 (4.48%) Internet
17 15 (4.20%) HTTP
17 15 (4.20%) Wireless
18 14 (3.92%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (13.45%) SQL Server
2 11 (3.08%) Big Data
3 9 (2.52%) MySQL
3 9 (2.52%) PostgreSQL
4 8 (2.24%) SQL Server 2016
5 6 (1.68%) Amazon RDS
5 6 (1.68%) Hadoop
6 5 (1.40%) Blockchain
6 5 (1.40%) Data Warehouse
6 5 (1.40%) Power BI
7 4 (1.12%) SQL Server 2012
8 3 (0.84%) Geospatial Data
9 2 (0.56%) Apache Accumulo
9 2 (0.56%) Cosmos DB
9 2 (0.56%) MongoDB
9 2 (0.56%) SQL Server 2014
10 1 (0.28%) SQL Server 2008
10 1 (0.28%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 29 (8.12%) Jenkins
2 24 (6.72%) JIRA
3 20 (5.60%) Git (software)
4 11 (3.08%) GitLab
5 8 (2.24%) Bitbucket
5 8 (2.24%) Team Foundation Server
6 7 (1.96%) Maven
7 5 (1.40%) Artifactory
8 4 (1.12%) Gradle
9 3 (0.84%) Travis CI
10 2 (0.56%) Ant
10 2 (0.56%) IBM UrbanCode
11 1 (0.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 1 (0.28%) Bitbucket Server
11 1 (0.28%) CF BOSH
11 1 (0.28%) Charles Proxy
11 1 (0.28%) Fiddler
11 1 (0.28%) MSI
11 1 (0.28%) Selenium
11 1 (0.28%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 37 (10.36%) Finance
2 33 (9.24%) Public Sector
3 9 (2.52%) Local Government
3 9 (2.52%) Telecoms
4 8 (2.24%) Banking
4 8 (2.24%) Multimedia
5 6 (1.68%) Retail
6 4 (1.12%) Back Office
6 4 (1.12%) Manufacturing
7 3 (0.84%) Investment Banking
7 3 (0.84%) Law
7 3 (0.84%) Legal
8 2 (0.56%) Electronics
8 2 (0.56%) Marketing
8 2 (0.56%) Police
9 1 (0.28%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 67 (18.77%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 60 (16.81%) Architect
3 31 (8.68%) Network Engineer
4 25 (7.00%) Security Architect
5 22 (6.16%) Consultant
6 21 (5.88%) Security Engineer
6 21 (5.88%) Support Engineer
7 18 (5.04%) Developer
8 15 (4.20%) Administrator
8 15 (4.20%) Infrastructure Architect
9 13 (3.64%) Analyst
9 13 (3.64%) Security Specialist
10 12 (3.36%) 3rd Line Engineer
10 12 (3.36%) Azure Developer
10 12 (3.36%) DevOps Engineer
10 12 (3.36%) Windows Engineer
11 11 (3.08%) Active Directory Engineer
11 11 (3.08%) Network Architect
12 10 (2.80%) Network Support
12 10 (2.80%) Network Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (10.92%) LDAP
2 36 (10.08%) REST
3 35 (9.80%) SAML
3 35 (9.80%) XML
4 32 (8.96%) SOAP
5 31 (8.68%) JSON
6 29 (8.12%) OpenID
7 26 (7.28%) Node.js
8 21 (5.88%) OAuth
9 20 (5.60%) Web Services
10 19 (5.32%) 802.1X
11 13 (3.64%) OAuth2
12 11 (3.08%) Middleware
13 7 (1.96%) .NET
14 5 (1.40%) Elastic Stack
14 5 (1.40%) Java EE
14 5 (1.40%) Keycloak
14 5 (1.40%) SailPoint
15 4 (1.12%) SPNEGO
15 4 (1.12%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 47 (13.17%) Data Centre
2 27 (7.56%) Analytical Skills
3 24 (6.72%) Management Information System
4 12 (3.36%) Fat Client
4 12 (3.36%) Thin Client
5 11 (3.08%) Public Cloud
6 9 (2.52%) Clustering
6 9 (2.52%) Enterprise Software
7 8 (2.24%) Self-Motivation
8 7 (1.96%) Driving Licence
8 7 (1.96%) Security Operations Centre
9 6 (1.68%) Greenfield Project
9 6 (1.68%) Private Cloud
10 5 (1.40%) Algorithms
10 5 (1.40%) Replication
11 4 (1.12%) Analytical Mindset
11 4 (1.12%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 4 (1.12%) Grid Computing
12 3 (0.84%) IPTV
12 3 (0.84%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 175 (49.02%) Windows
2 81 (22.69%) Windows Server
3 52 (14.57%) Linux
4 47 (13.17%) Windows Server 2012
5 35 (9.80%) Unix
6 26 (7.28%) Windows 10
7 22 (6.16%) Windows Server 2008
8 17 (4.76%) Windows 7
9 12 (3.36%) Windows 8
10 9 (2.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 9 (2.52%) VMS
10 9 (2.52%) Windows Server 2003
11 7 (1.96%) Mac OS
12 5 (1.40%) Android
12 5 (1.40%) Debian
12 5 (1.40%) Ubuntu
13 4 (1.12%) CentOS
14 3 (0.84%) Apple iOS
14 3 (0.84%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.56%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 77 (21.57%) Infrastructure Engineering
2 62 (17.37%) DevOps
3 59 (16.53%) Identity Access Management
4 56 (15.69%) Agile Software Development
5 51 (14.29%) Migration
6 43 (12.04%) ITIL
7 34 (9.52%) Problem-Solving
8 33 (9.24%) Continuous Integration
9 30 (8.40%) Cybersecurity
9 30 (8.40%) Security Architecture
10 29 (8.12%) Protective Monitoring
11 27 (7.56%) Information Security
12 24 (6.72%) SIEM
12 24 (6.72%) Stakeholder Management
13 22 (6.16%) Change Control
13 22 (6.16%) Configuration Management
14 21 (5.88%) Open Source
15 20 (5.60%) Disaster Recovery
15 20 (5.60%) Test Automation
16 19 (5.32%) Service Management
Programming Languages
1 91 (25.49%) PowerShell
2 45 (12.61%) Java
3 39 (10.92%) Python
4 37 (10.36%) Bash Shell
5 34 (9.52%) SQL
6 12 (3.36%) JavaScript
7 9 (2.52%) Go
7 9 (2.52%) Ruby
7 9 (2.52%) VBScript
8 8 (2.24%) VB
9 7 (1.96%) C
9 7 (1.96%) C#
10 6 (1.68%) Shell Script
11 3 (0.84%) Groovy
11 3 (0.84%) TypeScript
12 2 (0.56%) ActionScript
12 2 (0.56%) ActionScript 2.0
12 2 (0.56%) Java 8
13 1 (0.28%) Solidity
13 1 (0.28%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 127 (35.57%) Security Cleared
2 72 (20.17%) SC Cleared
3 37 (10.36%) DV Cleared
4 19 (5.32%) Degree
5 15 (4.20%) CCNP
5 15 (4.20%) Cisco Certification
6 11 (3.08%) CISSP
7 8 (2.24%) CREST Certified
7 8 (2.24%) Microsoft Certification
7 8 (2.24%) OSCP
8 7 (1.96%) AWS Certification
8 7 (1.96%) CCIE
8 7 (1.96%) JNCIA
9 5 (1.40%) CCENT
9 5 (1.40%) CCNA
9 5 (1.40%) MCSE
9 5 (1.40%) SANS
10 4 (1.12%) CCIE Data Center
10 4 (1.12%) CCIE Security
10 4 (1.12%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (4.48%) PCI DSS
2 14 (3.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 10 (2.80%) NCSC
4 7 (1.96%) COBIT
5 6 (1.68%) NIST
6 5 (1.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (1.12%) RMADS
8 2 (0.56%) GDPR
8 2 (0.56%) HL7
8 2 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 2 (0.56%) SLA
9 1 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 19770
9 1 (0.28%) QA
System Software
1 192 (53.78%) Active Directory
2 49 (13.73%) Docker
3 48 (13.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 32 (8.96%) XenApp
5 22 (6.16%) Hyper-V
5 22 (6.16%) XenDesktop
6 15 (4.20%) DFS Replication
7 10 (2.80%) Virtual Machines
8 9 (2.52%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 9 (2.52%) Virtual Servers
8 9 (2.52%) vSphere
9 8 (2.24%) Citrix Presentation Server
9 8 (2.24%) VMware ESXi
10 7 (1.96%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 5 (1.40%) BitLocker
11 5 (1.40%) VMware NSX
12 4 (1.12%) NDS
12 4 (1.12%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 3 (0.84%) Firmware
13 3 (0.84%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 58 (16.25%) SCCM
2 29 (8.12%) SCOM
3 28 (7.84%) Single Sign-On
4 24 (6.72%) Ansible
5 18 (5.04%) Kubernetes
5 18 (5.04%) Terraform
6 13 (3.64%) Microsoft Intune
7 12 (3.36%) WSUS
8 8 (2.24%) Packer
9 7 (1.96%) Cisco Prime
10 6 (1.68%) Opscode Chef
11 5 (1.40%) OpenView Configuration Management
11 5 (1.40%) Puppet
11 5 (1.40%) Sysdig
12 4 (1.12%) CA Single Sign-On
12 4 (1.12%) EMC NetWorker
12 4 (1.12%) McAfee ePO
12 4 (1.12%) Microsoft Clustering
12 4 (1.12%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 4 (1.12%) Oracle Identity Management
Vendors
1 138 (38.66%) Microsoft
2 69 (19.33%) VMware
3 62 (17.37%) Cisco
4 48 (13.45%) Citrix
5 27 (7.56%) Juniper
6 22 (6.16%) Oracle
7 17 (4.76%) Dell
8 14 (3.92%) McAfee
9 13 (3.64%) Palo Alto
9 13 (3.64%) Splunk
10 12 (3.36%) CA
11 11 (3.08%) Meraki
11 11 (3.08%) SolarWinds
12 9 (2.52%) Atlassian
12 9 (2.52%) Ivanti
13 8 (2.24%) Aruba
13 8 (2.24%) Forcepoint
13 8 (2.24%) ForgeRock
13 8 (2.24%) Infoblox
14 6 (1.68%) Ping Identity