Period
to 22 October 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 441 415 457
Rank change year-on-year -26 +42 +36
Contract jobs citing PKI 381 538 430
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.49% 0.57% 0.47%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.57% 1.74% 1.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 257 373 261
England median daily rate £500 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
10th Percentile £298 £350 £280
90th Percentile £705 £650 £680
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 6 11
England median hourly rate £13.00 £44.75 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -70.95% +39.84% -11.11%
10th Percentile £12.00 £18.00 £13.11
90th Percentile £50.88 £56.25 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £44.75 £32.00
% change year-on-year -21.79% +39.84% -11.11%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 24,345 30,883 30,468
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.45% 32.71% 33.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,624 20,341 20,138
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £265 £275 £263
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 943 959 917
England median hourly rate £21.50 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.50% - -
10th Percentile £11.36 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £21.77 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +8.85% - -

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the England region over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -22 143 £550 -3.72% 26
South East -23 76 £495 +4.21% 13
South West +17 52 £475 +11.76% 10
North of England +19 39 £400 -4.76% 3
East of England +16 38 £613 +44.12% 16
North West +13 29 £413 +35.25% 1
Midlands +59 28 £333 -44.58% 4
West Midlands +35 26 £333 -44.58% 4
Yorkshire +15 10 £225 -50.00% 2
East Midlands +19 2 £245 -59.21%
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PKI.

1 175 (45.93%) Active Directory
2 155 (40.68%) Windows
3 133 (34.91%) Security Cleared
4 124 (32.55%) Microsoft
5 88 (23.10%) DNS
6 84 (22.05%) Agile Software Development
6 84 (22.05%) Azure
7 76 (19.95%) Linux
8 74 (19.42%) AWS
9 73 (19.16%) Windows Server
10 70 (18.37%) Firewall
11 69 (18.11%) SC Cleared
11 69 (18.11%) Docker
11 69 (18.11%) Problem-Solving
12 68 (17.85%) PowerShell
13 66 (17.32%) Information Security
14 61 (16.01%) Finance
15 59 (15.49%) VMware
16 58 (15.22%) Security Architecture
16 58 (15.22%) DevOps
17 57 (14.96%) DV Cleared
18 55 (14.44%) Java
18 55 (14.44%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 54 (14.17%) Python
20 53 (13.91%) DHCP
20 53 (13.91%) SIEM
21 52 (13.65%) JIRA
22 50 (13.12%) Unix
22 50 (13.12%) Windows Server 2012
23 49 (12.86%) Analytical Skills

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (11.29%) Apache
2 35 (9.19%) Skype for Business
3 34 (8.92%) Confluence
4 32 (8.40%) SharePoint
5 22 (5.77%) IIS
5 22 (5.77%) MS Exchange
6 15 (3.94%) JBoss
7 13 (3.41%) OpenStack
8 12 (3.15%) nginx
9 9 (2.36%) Elasticsearch
9 9 (2.36%) Exchange Server 2003
9 9 (2.36%) WebLogic
10 6 (1.57%) Oracle HTTP Server
10 6 (1.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 5 (1.31%) Exchange Server 2013
12 4 (1.05%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
13 3 (0.79%) Jetty
13 3 (0.79%) Umbraco
13 3 (0.79%) WebSphere
14 2 (0.52%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 9 (2.36%) MS Visio
2 6 (1.57%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 9 (2.36%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 6 (1.57%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (1.05%) Veritas eDiscovery
4 3 (0.79%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 84 (22.05%) Azure
2 74 (19.42%) AWS
3 39 (10.24%) Office 365
4 27 (7.09%) Amazon EC2
5 25 (6.56%) SaaS
6 24 (6.30%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 23 (6.04%) Azure Active Directory
7 23 (6.04%) Serverless
8 22 (5.77%) Amazon ECS
9 21 (5.51%) PaaS
10 20 (5.25%) Amazon S3
10 20 (5.25%) AWS Lambda
10 20 (5.25%) Route 53
11 17 (4.46%) GitHub
12 14 (3.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 14 (3.67%) CloudFront
12 14 (3.67%) OpenShift
13 8 (2.10%) Power Platform
14 6 (1.57%) GCP
14 6 (1.57%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 88 (23.10%) DNS
2 70 (18.37%) Firewall
3 53 (13.91%) DHCP
4 48 (12.60%) VPN
5 36 (9.45%) Network Security
6 29 (7.61%) TCP/IP
6 29 (7.61%) WAN
7 23 (6.04%) VLAN
8 21 (5.51%) LAN
8 21 (5.51%) Skype
9 20 (5.25%) IPsec
10 19 (4.99%) MPLS
11 18 (4.72%) Wireless
12 17 (4.46%) HTTP
13 16 (4.20%) BGP
14 15 (3.94%) Cisco ASA
15 14 (3.67%) Internet
15 14 (3.67%) X.509
16 10 (2.62%) SAN
16 10 (2.62%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (12.07%) SQL Server
2 26 (6.82%) Big Data
3 19 (4.99%) Amazon RDS
4 15 (3.94%) Hadoop
5 13 (3.41%) PostgreSQL
6 10 (2.62%) SQL Server 2012
7 8 (2.10%) Data Warehouse
7 8 (2.10%) MySQL
7 8 (2.10%) Power BI
8 7 (1.84%) Geospatial Data
8 7 (1.84%) HBase
9 5 (1.31%) Apache Accumulo
9 5 (1.31%) SQL Server 2008
9 5 (1.31%) SQL Server 2016
10 2 (0.52%) Blockchain
10 2 (0.52%) MongoDB
10 2 (0.52%) SQL Server 2014
11 1 (0.26%) Redis
Development Applications
1 52 (13.65%) JIRA
2 41 (10.76%) Jenkins
3 27 (7.09%) Git (software)
4 10 (2.62%) MSI
5 5 (1.31%) Maven
6 4 (1.05%) Bitbucket
6 4 (1.05%) Team Foundation Server
7 3 (0.79%) Gradle
8 2 (0.52%) GitLab
8 2 (0.52%) Rational DOORS
9 1 (0.26%) Ant
9 1 (0.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 1 (0.26%) IBM UrbanCode
9 1 (0.26%) IntelliJ
9 1 (0.26%) TeamCity
9 1 (0.26%) Visual Studio Team System
9 1 (0.26%) Zephyr
General
1 61 (16.01%) Finance
2 39 (10.24%) Public Sector
3 21 (5.51%) Legal
4 19 (4.99%) Telecoms
5 16 (4.20%) Manufacturing
6 14 (3.67%) Banking
6 14 (3.67%) Law
6 14 (3.67%) Local Government
7 9 (2.36%) Electronics
7 9 (2.36%) Marketing
7 9 (2.36%) Multimedia
8 8 (2.10%) Aerospace
9 7 (1.84%) Retail
10 6 (1.57%) Back Office
11 4 (1.05%) Investment Banking
12 2 (0.52%) Military
13 1 (0.26%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 113 (29.66%) Architect
2 60 (15.75%) Security Architect
3 47 (12.34%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 27 (7.09%) Support Engineer
5 26 (6.82%) Network Engineer
6 22 (5.77%) Cloud Architect
7 20 (5.25%) Administrator
8 19 (4.99%) Consultant
8 19 (4.99%) DevOps Engineer
8 19 (4.99%) Solutions Architect
9 16 (4.20%) Security Engineer
10 14 (3.67%) Active Directory Engineer
10 14 (3.67%) Analyst
10 14 (3.67%) AWS Engineer
10 14 (3.67%) Technical Architect
11 13 (3.41%) AWS DevOps
11 13 (3.41%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 11 (2.89%) Delivery Manager
12 11 (2.89%) Developer
12 11 (2.89%) Windows Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (9.19%) JSON
2 32 (8.40%) REST
3 29 (7.61%) XML
4 22 (5.77%) Node.js
5 21 (5.51%) Middleware
6 17 (4.46%) LDAP
6 17 (4.46%) OAuth
7 16 (4.20%) Java EE
8 14 (3.67%) 802.1X
9 13 (3.41%) OAuth2
9 13 (3.41%) SOAP
10 11 (2.89%) Web Services
11 10 (2.62%) OpenID
11 10 (2.62%) SAML
12 9 (2.36%) Kafka
13 7 (1.84%) Apache NiFi
13 7 (1.84%) NumPy
13 7 (1.84%) PostGIS
13 7 (1.84%) RSS
13 7 (1.84%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 49 (12.86%) Analytical Skills
2 45 (11.81%) Data Centre
3 33 (8.66%) Management Information System
4 14 (3.67%) Cloud Native
5 9 (2.36%) iPhone
6 7 (1.84%) Algorithms
6 7 (1.84%) Driving Licence
7 6 (1.57%) Blackberry
7 6 (1.57%) Greenfield Project
7 6 (1.57%) Hybrid Cloud
7 6 (1.57%) Replication
7 6 (1.57%) Self-Motivation
8 5 (1.31%) Clustering
8 5 (1.31%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 5 (1.31%) Private Cloud
9 4 (1.05%) Grid Computing
9 4 (1.05%) Mobile App
10 3 (0.79%) Enterprise Software
10 3 (0.79%) IPTV
10 3 (0.79%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 155 (40.68%) Windows
2 76 (19.95%) Linux
3 73 (19.16%) Windows Server
4 50 (13.12%) Unix
4 50 (13.12%) Windows Server 2012
5 37 (9.71%) Windows Server 2008
6 22 (5.77%) Windows 10
7 19 (4.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (3.15%) Windows 7
8 12 (3.15%) Windows Server 2003
9 10 (2.62%) Android
9 10 (2.62%) Ubuntu
10 5 (1.31%) Debian
10 5 (1.31%) Mac OS
11 4 (1.05%) CentOS
11 4 (1.05%) VMS
11 4 (1.05%) Windows 8
11 4 (1.05%) Windows Vista
12 3 (0.79%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.52%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 84 (22.05%) Agile Software Development
2 69 (18.11%) Problem-Solving
3 66 (17.32%) Information Security
4 58 (15.22%) DevOps
4 58 (15.22%) Security Architecture
5 55 (14.44%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 53 (13.91%) SIEM
7 44 (11.55%) Identity Access Management
8 36 (9.45%) Risk Management
9 35 (9.19%) Migration
9 35 (9.19%) TOGAF
10 34 (8.92%) Cybersecurity
11 28 (7.35%) Disaster Recovery
12 27 (7.09%) ITIL
13 26 (6.82%) Cryptography
13 26 (6.82%) Vulnerability Management
14 25 (6.56%) Configuration Management
15 24 (6.30%) Identity Management
15 24 (6.30%) Performance Tuning
16 23 (6.04%) Protective Monitoring
Programming Languages
1 68 (17.85%) PowerShell
2 55 (14.44%) Java
3 54 (14.17%) Python
4 43 (11.29%) SQL
5 36 (9.45%) Bash Shell
6 17 (4.46%) C
7 12 (3.15%) VBScript
8 8 (2.10%) VB
9 7 (1.84%) Groovy
10 3 (0.79%) Java 8
11 2 (0.52%) C++
11 2 (0.52%) Go
11 2 (0.52%) JavaScript
11 2 (0.52%) Shell Script
12 1 (0.26%) Java 9
12 1 (0.26%) Kotlin
12 1 (0.26%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 133 (34.91%) Security Cleared
2 69 (18.11%) SC Cleared
3 57 (14.96%) DV Cleared
4 37 (9.71%) CISSP
5 24 (6.30%) AWS Certification
6 19 (4.99%) Cisco Certification
7 17 (4.46%) Degree
8 16 (4.20%) CCNP
9 15 (3.94%) Microsoft Certification
10 13 (3.41%) CISM
10 13 (3.41%) IISP
11 11 (2.89%) MCSE
12 10 (2.62%) CCIE
13 9 (2.36%) CREST Certified
13 9 (2.36%) OSCP
14 8 (2.10%) SANS
15 7 (1.84%) GIAC
16 6 (1.57%) CCENT
17 5 (1.31%) BPSS Clearance
17 5 (1.31%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (5.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 19 (4.99%) PCI DSS
3 14 (3.67%) NIST
4 7 (1.84%) COBIT
5 6 (1.57%) GDPR
6 5 (1.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 3 (0.79%) NCSC
8 2 (0.52%) HL7
8 2 (0.52%) SLA
9 1 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.26%) HIPAA
9 1 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 19770
9 1 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 1 (0.26%) QA
System Software
1 175 (45.93%) Active Directory
2 69 (18.11%) Docker
3 40 (10.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (4.72%) Hyper-V
5 15 (3.94%) XenApp
6 12 (3.15%) vSphere
7 10 (2.62%) VMware ESXi
8 9 (2.36%) Citrix Presentation Server
9 7 (1.84%) VMware NSX
10 6 (1.57%) Virtual Machines
11 5 (1.31%) HDFS
12 4 (1.05%) BitLocker
12 4 (1.05%) Firmware
12 4 (1.05%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 4 (1.05%) Virtual Servers
12 4 (1.05%) XenDesktop
13 3 (0.79%) VMware Server
14 2 (0.52%) DFS Replication
14 2 (0.52%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 47 (12.34%) Ansible
2 37 (9.71%) SCOM
3 36 (9.45%) SCCM
4 30 (7.87%) Terraform
5 26 (6.82%) Kubernetes
6 25 (6.56%) Single Sign-On
7 15 (3.94%) Opscode Chef
8 14 (3.67%) CASB
9 10 (2.62%) Microsoft Intune
9 10 (2.62%) Packer
10 9 (2.36%) vCenter Server
11 8 (2.10%) Oracle Identity Management
11 8 (2.10%) PingFederate
12 7 (1.84%) Forefront Identity Manager
12 7 (1.84%) WSUS
13 6 (1.57%) OpenView Configuration Management
14 5 (1.31%) Host Intrusion Detection System
14 5 (1.31%) Network Intrusion Detection System
14 5 (1.31%) Puppet
15 4 (1.05%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 124 (32.55%) Microsoft
2 59 (15.49%) VMware
3 46 (12.07%) Cisco
4 34 (8.92%) Oracle
5 33 (8.66%) Citrix
6 26 (6.82%) Atlassian
7 23 (6.04%) CA
7 23 (6.04%) Splunk
8 19 (4.99%) Juniper
9 18 (4.72%) SAP
10 17 (4.46%) McAfee
11 13 (3.41%) Palo Alto
12 12 (3.15%) SolarWinds
13 10 (2.62%) Google
13 10 (2.62%) HP
13 10 (2.62%) Ping Identity
14 9 (2.36%) Aruba
14 9 (2.36%) Infoblox
14 9 (2.36%) Sparx
15 8 (2.10%) Ivanti