Period
to 1 April 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > England
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 370 497 517
Rank change year-on-year +127 +20 -20
Contract jobs citing PKI 320 373 369
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.57% 0.42% 0.40%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.78% 1.32% 1.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 188 254 244
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £368 £344 £261
90th Percentile £650 £725 £675
UK median daily rate £485 £500 £463
% change year-on-year -3.00% +8.11% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 15 5
Median hourly rate £50.50 £15.37 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +228.56% -52.71% -23.53%
10th Percentile £35.00 £12.00 £30.05
90th Percentile £68.75 £47.30 £61.75
UK median hourly rate £50.50 £15.37 £42.50
% change year-on-year +228.56% -63.84% -

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 18,013 28,311 30,574
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.20% 32.14% 32.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,368 18,555 20,244
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +5.11%
10th Percentile £250 £281 £265
90th Percentile £675 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £470 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 853 903 944
Median hourly rate £24.70 £21.00 £21.79
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.62% -3.60% +8.93%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.88 £11.80
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate £25.50 £21.00 £21.70
% change year-on-year +21.43% -3.23% +9.85%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PKI as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PKI in England.

Daily rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PKI in England.

Hourly rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the England region over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +78 85 £600 - 17
South East +65 69 £463 -2.63% 16
South West +42 65 £500 +11.11% 7
Midlands +94 47 £575 +53.33% 10
West Midlands +77 39 £575 +43.75% 8
North of England +62 28 £400 - 10
East of England +46 24 £475 +18.75% 6
North West +51 22 £400 +17.65% 5
East Midlands +38 8 £500 +44.40% 2
Yorkshire +33 4 £438 +9.38%
North East +25 2 - - 5
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PKI.

1 161 (50.31%) Active Directory
2 156 (48.75%) Windows
3 125 (39.06%) Microsoft
4 121 (37.81%) Security Cleared
5 100 (31.25%) Azure
6 91 (28.44%) DNS
7 83 (25.94%) PowerShell
8 82 (25.63%) Windows Server
9 76 (23.75%) DHCP
10 75 (23.44%) Firewall
11 68 (21.25%) VMware
12 67 (20.94%) DevOps
13 65 (20.31%) AWS
14 64 (20.00%) SC Cleared
15 61 (19.06%) Java
16 59 (18.44%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 58 (18.13%) Migration
17 58 (18.13%) Agile Software Development
18 53 (16.56%) Windows Server 2012
19 52 (16.25%) Docker
20 50 (15.63%) SQL Server
21 47 (14.69%) LDAP
21 47 (14.69%) Identity Access Management
22 45 (14.06%) VMware Infrastructure
23 44 (13.75%) SCCM
24 43 (13.44%) REST
24 43 (13.44%) SOAP
24 43 (13.44%) SAML
24 43 (13.44%) Azure Active Directory
25 42 (13.13%) SSL

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (9.38%) Skype for Business
2 27 (8.44%) Confluence
2 27 (8.44%) SharePoint
3 16 (5.00%) MS Exchange
4 12 (3.75%) IIS
5 10 (3.13%) Apache
6 8 (2.50%) JBoss
7 6 (1.88%) Apache ServiceMix
7 6 (1.88%) Exchange Server 2013
8 5 (1.56%) Exchange Server 2003
9 4 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
9 4 (1.25%) Exchange Server 2010
9 4 (1.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 4 (1.25%) Oracle Workflow
9 4 (1.25%) Red Hat Fuse
9 4 (1.25%) WebSphere
10 3 (0.94%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.63%) Jetty
11 2 (0.63%) Umbraco
12 1 (0.31%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 7 (2.19%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.31%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 100 (31.25%) Azure
2 65 (20.31%) AWS
3 43 (13.44%) Azure Active Directory
4 41 (12.81%) Office 365
5 18 (5.63%) PaaS
6 17 (5.31%) IaaS
7 15 (4.69%) GCP
8 12 (3.75%) SaaS
9 11 (3.44%) Power Platform
10 9 (2.81%) Serverless
11 5 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
11 5 (1.56%) OneDrive
11 5 (1.56%) Yammer
12 4 (1.25%) Akamai
12 4 (1.25%) Amazon EC2
12 4 (1.25%) Apigee
12 4 (1.25%) Google Compute Engine
13 3 (0.94%) Amazon ECS
13 3 (0.94%) PowerApps
13 3 (0.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 91 (28.44%) DNS
2 76 (23.75%) DHCP
3 75 (23.44%) Firewall
4 42 (13.13%) SSL
5 34 (10.63%) Skype
6 32 (10.00%) Network Security
7 30 (9.38%) VPN
8 25 (7.81%) IPsec
9 23 (7.19%) TCP/IP
9 23 (7.19%) WAN
10 22 (6.88%) Kerberos
11 16 (5.00%) VLAN
12 15 (4.69%) LAN
13 14 (4.38%) MPLS
13 14 (4.38%) NetScaler
14 12 (3.75%) HTTP
15 9 (2.81%) BGP
15 9 (2.81%) FTP
15 9 (2.81%) Internet
15 9 (2.81%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (15.63%) SQL Server
2 8 (2.50%) Data Warehouse
2 8 (2.50%) MySQL
2 8 (2.50%) Power BI
3 7 (2.19%) Big Data
3 7 (2.19%) PostgreSQL
4 6 (1.88%) Blockchain
4 6 (1.88%) MongoDB
4 6 (1.88%) SQL Server 2016
5 4 (1.25%) Apache Accumulo
5 4 (1.25%) Cosmos DB
5 4 (1.25%) Hadoop
5 4 (1.25%) Relational Database
6 2 (0.63%) Azure SQL Database
6 2 (0.63%) DB2
7 1 (0.31%) SQL Server 2012
7 1 (0.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 27 (8.44%) JIRA
2 26 (8.13%) Jenkins
3 11 (3.44%) Bitbucket
3 11 (3.44%) Git (software)
3 11 (3.44%) GitLab
4 6 (1.88%) Maven
5 5 (1.56%) Artifactory
5 5 (1.56%) Team Foundation Server
6 4 (1.25%) Eclipse
6 4 (1.25%) Visual Studio
7 3 (0.94%) Robot Framework
7 3 (0.94%) TestRail
7 3 (0.94%) Travis CI
8 2 (0.63%) Ant
8 2 (0.63%) Gradle
8 2 (0.63%) IBM UrbanCode
9 1 (0.31%) CF BOSH
9 1 (0.31%) Fiddler
9 1 (0.31%) Selenium
9 1 (0.31%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 28 (8.75%) Public Sector
2 25 (7.81%) Finance
3 11 (3.44%) Banking
4 6 (1.88%) Local Government
5 5 (1.56%) Retail
5 5 (1.56%) Telecoms
6 4 (1.25%) Military
7 3 (0.94%) Aerospace
7 3 (0.94%) Back Office
7 3 (0.94%) Legal
7 3 (0.94%) Manufacturing
7 3 (0.94%) Police
8 2 (0.63%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.31%) Automotive
9 1 (0.31%) Electronics
9 1 (0.31%) German Language
9 1 (0.31%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 56 (17.50%) Architect
2 50 (15.63%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 24 (7.50%) Consultant
3 24 (7.50%) Developer
4 22 (6.88%) Network Engineer
5 20 (6.25%) Security Engineer
6 16 (5.00%) Azure Developer
7 15 (4.69%) Infrastructure Architect
8 14 (4.38%) Support Engineer
9 13 (4.06%) 3rd Line Engineer
10 11 (3.44%) Analyst
10 11 (3.44%) Security Architect
11 10 (3.13%) 3rd Line Network Engineer
11 10 (3.13%) DevSecOps Engineer
11 10 (3.13%) Senior Developer
12 9 (2.81%) Security Specialist
12 9 (2.81%) Windows Engineer
13 8 (2.50%) Network Support
13 8 (2.50%) Network Support Engineer
13 8 (2.50%) Web Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (14.69%) LDAP
2 43 (13.44%) REST
2 43 (13.44%) SAML
2 43 (13.44%) SOAP
3 39 (12.19%) XML
4 35 (10.94%) OpenID
5 31 (9.69%) Node.js
6 29 (9.06%) JSON
7 20 (6.25%) .NET
7 20 (6.25%) OAuth
7 20 (6.25%) Web Services
8 12 (3.75%) Middleware
9 11 (3.44%) 802.1X
10 10 (3.13%) OAuth2
11 9 (2.81%) Spring
12 7 (2.19%) SailPoint
13 6 (1.88%) EDI
13 6 (1.88%) Keycloak
13 6 (1.88%) Spring Boot
14 5 (1.56%) XSLT
Miscellaneous
1 34 (10.63%) Data Centre
2 28 (8.75%) Analytical Skills
3 17 (5.31%) Public Cloud
4 16 (5.00%) Management Information System
5 13 (4.06%) Enterprise Software
6 12 (3.75%) Fat Client
6 12 (3.75%) Thin Client
7 11 (3.44%) Self-Motivation
8 7 (2.19%) Clustering
9 5 (1.56%) N-Tier
9 5 (1.56%) Security Operations Centre
10 4 (1.25%) Analytical Mindset
10 4 (1.25%) Cloud Native
10 4 (1.25%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 4 (1.25%) Greenfield Project
10 4 (1.25%) Private Cloud
10 4 (1.25%) User Experience
11 3 (0.94%) Algorithms
11 3 (0.94%) iPad
11 3 (0.94%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 156 (48.75%) Windows
2 82 (25.63%) Windows Server
3 53 (16.56%) Windows Server 2012
4 42 (13.13%) Linux
5 29 (9.06%) Unix
6 27 (8.44%) Windows Server 2016
7 26 (8.13%) Windows 10
8 17 (5.31%) Windows 7
9 14 (4.38%) Windows Server 2008
10 12 (3.75%) Windows 8
11 10 (3.13%) CentOS
11 10 (3.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 9 (2.81%) VMS
12 9 (2.81%) Windows Server 2003
13 6 (1.88%) Android
14 3 (0.94%) Apple iOS
15 2 (0.63%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.63%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.63%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 67 (20.94%) DevOps
2 59 (18.44%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 58 (18.13%) Agile Software Development
3 58 (18.13%) Migration
4 47 (14.69%) Identity Access Management
5 38 (11.88%) ITIL
6 34 (10.63%) Continuous Integration
7 27 (8.44%) Test Automation
8 26 (8.13%) Open Source
9 25 (7.81%) Stakeholder Management
10 23 (7.19%) Load Balancing
11 22 (6.88%) Identity Management
12 20 (6.25%) Kanban
12 20 (6.25%) Problem-Solving
13 19 (5.94%) Change Control
13 19 (5.94%) High Availability
14 18 (5.63%) Protective Monitoring
15 17 (5.31%) Cybersecurity
15 17 (5.31%) Disaster Recovery
15 17 (5.31%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 83 (25.94%) PowerShell
2 61 (19.06%) Java
3 38 (11.88%) SQL
4 37 (11.56%) Bash Shell
5 31 (9.69%) Python
6 22 (6.88%) JavaScript
7 9 (2.81%) C#
7 9 (2.81%) Go
7 9 (2.81%) Ruby
8 6 (1.88%) ActionScript
8 6 (1.88%) ActionScript 2.0
8 6 (1.88%) C
8 6 (1.88%) VB
9 5 (1.56%) Shell Script
9 5 (1.56%) TypeScript
9 5 (1.56%) VBScript
10 4 (1.25%) C++
10 4 (1.25%) Perl
11 3 (0.94%) PHP
11 3 (0.94%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 121 (37.81%) Security Cleared
2 64 (20.00%) SC Cleared
3 41 (12.81%) DV Cleared
4 17 (5.31%) Microsoft Certification
5 7 (2.19%) Degree
6 6 (1.88%) Cisco Certification
6 6 (1.88%) CISSP
7 5 (1.56%) CCNA
7 5 (1.56%) CREST Certified
7 5 (1.56%) JNCIA
7 5 (1.56%) MCSE
8 4 (1.25%) OSCP
9 3 (0.94%) CCNP
9 3 (0.94%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.94%) MCSA
9 3 (0.94%) SANS
9 3 (0.94%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 2 (0.63%) CISM
10 2 (0.63%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.63%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (3.75%) PCI DSS
2 10 (3.13%) NCSC
3 9 (2.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (1.56%) COBIT
5 4 (1.25%) RMADS
6 3 (0.94%) GDPR
6 3 (0.94%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.63%) HL7
7 2 (0.63%) NIST
7 2 (0.63%) SLA
8 1 (0.31%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 19770
8 1 (0.31%) SEPA
8 1 (0.31%) TARGET2
System Software
1 161 (50.31%) Active Directory
2 52 (16.25%) Docker
3 45 (14.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (8.44%) XenApp
5 22 (6.88%) XenDesktop
6 17 (5.31%) Hyper-V
7 13 (4.06%) DFS Replication
7 13 (4.06%) vSphere
8 10 (3.13%) Virtual Machines
8 10 (3.13%) Virtual Servers
9 9 (2.81%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 8 (2.50%) VMware ESXi
11 7 (2.19%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 5 (1.56%) Citrix Presentation Server
12 5 (1.56%) NDS
13 4 (1.25%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 4 (1.25%) Virtual Desktop
14 3 (0.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 3 (0.94%) BitLocker
14 3 (0.94%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 44 (13.75%) SCCM
2 29 (9.06%) Single Sign-On
3 21 (6.56%) Kubernetes
4 18 (5.63%) Terraform
5 17 (5.31%) Ansible
5 17 (5.31%) SCOM
6 10 (3.13%) Microsoft Intune
7 9 (2.81%) WSUS
8 6 (1.88%) Opscode Chef
9 5 (1.56%) AirWatch
9 5 (1.56%) CA Single Sign-On
9 5 (1.56%) Puppet
9 5 (1.56%) Sysdig
10 4 (1.25%) Cisco Prime
10 4 (1.25%) EMC NetWorker
10 4 (1.25%) NetIQ Identity Manager
10 4 (1.25%) OpenView Configuration Management
11 3 (0.94%) HP Fortify
11 3 (0.94%) Packer
11 3 (0.94%) Salt
Vendors
1 125 (39.06%) Microsoft
2 68 (21.25%) VMware
3 40 (12.50%) Cisco
4 36 (11.25%) Citrix
5 25 (7.81%) Juniper
6 15 (4.69%) CA
6 15 (4.69%) Red Hat
7 14 (4.38%) Dell
8 13 (4.06%) Oracle
9 11 (3.44%) Google
9 11 (3.44%) McAfee
10 9 (2.81%) ForgeRock
11 8 (2.50%) Splunk
12 6 (1.88%) Forcepoint
12 6 (1.88%) Ivanti
12 6 (1.88%) Meraki
12 6 (1.88%) SolarWinds
12 6 (1.88%) Sonus
13 5 (1.56%) EMC
13 5 (1.56%) NetIQ