Period
to 17 January 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 17 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 431 484 513
Rank change year-on-year +53 +29 +8
Contract jobs citing PKI 470 398 344
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.52% 0.43% 0.38%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.54% 1.28% 1.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 332 241 236
England median daily rate £500 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -5.26%
10th Percentile £340 £279 £320
90th Percentile £656 £675 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £450
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -1.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 9 4
England median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -13.04% -8.89%
10th Percentile £14.36 £13.04 £31.50
90th Percentile £47.00 £35.75 £40.55
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £32.00 £34.50
% change year-on-year +9.38% -7.25% -8.89%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 30,430 31,086 29,892
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 33.41% 33.65% 33.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,237 20,965 19,557
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £287 £263 £256
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 896 882 1,039
England median hourly rate £20.72 £20.60 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.58% +3.00% +0.88%
10th Percentile £12.19 £11.25 £11.32
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £20.66 £20.00
% change year-on-year -0.75% +3.28% -

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the England region over the 6 months to 17 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 177 £555 +5.71% 16
South East +60 141 £500 +5.26% 26
South West +10 49 £478 -23.60% 7
East of England +37 45 £425 -19.05% 5
North of England -3 34 £410 +5.81% 9
Midlands -42 24 £600 +108.70% 14
West Midlands -33 20 £600 +45.45% 5
Yorkshire -7 18 £400 -15.39% 2
North West -7 15 £405 +44.64% 6
East Midlands -15 8 £600 +114.29% 9
North East -8 1 £600 - 1
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 17 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PKI.

1 194 (41.28%) Windows
2 182 (38.72%) Active Directory
3 180 (38.30%) Microsoft
4 126 (26.81%) DNS
5 125 (26.60%) Security Cleared
6 111 (23.62%) Windows Server
7 104 (22.13%) Firewall
8 92 (19.57%) VMware
9 87 (18.51%) Microsoft Azure
10 84 (17.87%) SC Cleared
11 79 (16.81%) Migration
12 74 (15.74%) LDAP
12 74 (15.74%) Windows Server 2012
13 73 (15.53%) VMware Infrastructure
14 72 (15.32%) PowerShell
14 72 (15.32%) Office 365
15 70 (14.89%) Linux
16 69 (14.68%) Java
16 69 (14.68%) Finance
17 65 (13.83%) Amazon AWS
17 65 (13.83%) DevOps
18 64 (13.62%) Identity Management
18 64 (13.62%) DHCP
19 58 (12.34%) CA
20 55 (11.70%) Docker
20 55 (11.70%) Single Sign-On
20 55 (11.70%) Infrastructure Engineering
21 54 (11.49%) Ansible
22 53 (11.28%) SQL
23 52 (11.06%) Apache

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (11.06%) Apache
2 46 (9.79%) SharePoint
3 39 (8.30%) IIS
4 32 (6.81%) Skype for Business
5 30 (6.38%) MS Exchange
6 25 (5.32%) Confluence
6 25 (5.32%) nginx
7 18 (3.83%) Tomcat
8 15 (3.19%) OpenStack
9 8 (1.70%) Cloud Foundry
9 8 (1.70%) Exchange Server 2013
10 7 (1.49%) Exchange Server 2010
10 7 (1.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 6 (1.28%) Elasticsearch
11 6 (1.28%) JBoss
11 6 (1.28%) Oracle HTTP Server
11 6 (1.28%) WebLogic
12 4 (0.85%) SharePoint Server
13 3 (0.64%) Apache Solr
13 3 (0.64%) Exchange Server 2003
Applications
1 16 (3.40%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (2.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (2.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (2.13%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.43%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (1.28%) Oracle BPM
2 3 (0.64%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 87 (18.51%) Microsoft Azure
2 72 (15.32%) Office 365
3 65 (13.83%) Amazon AWS
4 37 (7.87%) Azure Active Directory
5 36 (7.66%) IaaS
6 29 (6.17%) PaaS
7 13 (2.77%) SaaS
8 11 (2.34%) Yammer
9 9 (1.91%) Google Cloud Platform
9 9 (1.91%) OpenShift
10 7 (1.49%) GitHub
10 7 (1.49%) Serverless
11 6 (1.28%) AWS Lambda
11 6 (1.28%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (1.06%) Amazon EC2
12 5 (1.06%) IBM Cloud
13 3 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
13 3 (0.64%) Datadog
14 2 (0.43%) Akamai
14 2 (0.43%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 126 (26.81%) DNS
2 104 (22.13%) Firewall
3 64 (13.62%) DHCP
4 48 (10.21%) SSL
5 44 (9.36%) VPN
6 43 (9.15%) Kerberos
7 40 (8.51%) TCP/IP
8 38 (8.09%) Network Security
9 35 (7.45%) Skype
10 31 (6.60%) HTTP
11 27 (5.74%) SAN
12 21 (4.47%) Internet
12 21 (4.47%) NetScaler
13 20 (4.26%) IPsec
13 20 (4.26%) VLAN
14 18 (3.83%) Cisco ASA
15 17 (3.62%) iSCSI
15 17 (3.62%) WAN
16 16 (3.40%) LAN
17 15 (3.19%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (6.38%) SQL Server
2 25 (5.32%) PostgreSQL
3 16 (3.40%) MongoDB
4 14 (2.98%) Big Data
5 13 (2.77%) MySQL
6 12 (2.55%) Hadoop
7 7 (1.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 7 (1.49%) SQL Server 2016
8 6 (1.28%) NoSQL
9 4 (0.85%) Relational Database
9 4 (0.85%) SQL Server 2008
9 4 (0.85%) SQL Server 2012
10 3 (0.64%) Aerospike
10 3 (0.64%) Couchbase
10 3 (0.64%) Hazelcast
10 3 (0.64%) Oracle Database
10 3 (0.64%) Oracle Database 10g
10 3 (0.64%) Redis
10 3 (0.64%) SQL Server 2005
11 2 (0.43%) HBase
Development Applications
1 41 (8.72%) Jenkins
2 40 (8.51%) JIRA
3 24 (5.11%) Git (software)
4 21 (4.47%) Bitbucket
5 14 (2.98%) Artifactory
5 14 (2.98%) Maven
6 12 (2.55%) Vagrant
7 9 (1.91%) GitLab
8 7 (1.49%) IBM UrbanCode
9 6 (1.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 6 (1.28%) CircleCI
10 5 (1.06%) Cucumber
10 5 (1.06%) Selenium
10 5 (1.06%) Team Foundation Server
10 5 (1.06%) Travis CI
11 4 (0.85%) git-flow
11 4 (0.85%) Sonatype Nexus
12 3 (0.64%) Octopus Deploy
12 3 (0.64%) TeamCity
12 3 (0.64%) Zephyr
General
1 69 (14.68%) Finance
2 29 (6.17%) Banking
3 17 (3.62%) Telecoms
4 16 (3.40%) Military
5 9 (1.91%) Legal
6 4 (0.85%) Aerospace
6 4 (0.85%) Local Government
6 4 (0.85%) Manufacturing
6 4 (0.85%) Retail
7 3 (0.64%) Back Office
7 3 (0.64%) Electronics
7 3 (0.64%) Financial Institution
7 3 (0.64%) Investment Banking
7 3 (0.64%) Multimedia
7 3 (0.64%) Publishing
8 2 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.21%) Advertising
9 1 (0.21%) Automotive
9 1 (0.21%) Avionics
Job Titles
1 96 (20.43%) Architect
2 60 (12.77%) Security Architect
3 46 (9.79%) Consultant
4 43 (9.15%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 32 (6.81%) DevOps Engineer
6 31 (6.60%) Security Engineer
7 29 (6.17%) Analyst
7 29 (6.17%) Developer
8 22 (4.68%) Support Engineer
9 21 (4.47%) Active Directory Engineer
10 20 (4.26%) Solutions Architect
11 19 (4.04%) Java Developer
12 16 (3.40%) Network Engineer
13 14 (2.98%) Security Analyst
13 14 (2.98%) Security Consultant
13 14 (2.98%) Server Engineer
14 13 (2.77%) Active Directory Consultant
14 13 (2.77%) Applications Architect
15 10 (2.13%) Administrator
15 10 (2.13%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 74 (15.74%) LDAP
2 48 (10.21%) SAML
3 30 (6.38%) OAuth
4 29 (6.17%) .NET
5 26 (5.53%) JSON
6 25 (5.32%) XML
7 22 (4.68%) WCF
8 18 (3.83%) OpenID
9 16 (3.40%) REST
10 13 (2.77%) 802.1X
10 13 (2.77%) COM+
10 13 (2.77%) DCOM
10 13 (2.77%) Java EE
10 13 (2.77%) Rendezvous
10 13 (2.77%) SailPoint
10 13 (2.77%) SPNEGO
10 13 (2.77%) Spring
11 12 (2.55%) LAMP
11 12 (2.55%) LAPP Stack
11 12 (2.55%) LEMP Stack
Miscellaneous
1 27 (5.74%) Analytical Skills
2 23 (4.89%) Data Centre
2 23 (4.89%) Management Information System
3 18 (3.83%) Clustering
4 14 (2.98%) Self-Motivation
5 13 (2.77%) Fat Client
5 13 (2.77%) Replication
5 13 (2.77%) Thin Client
6 10 (2.13%) Greenfield Project
7 9 (1.91%) Smartcard
8 8 (1.70%) Private Cloud
8 8 (1.70%) Public Cloud
9 7 (1.49%) Fintech
9 7 (1.49%) Mobile App
9 7 (1.49%) User Experience
10 6 (1.28%) Algorithms
11 5 (1.06%) CESG
11 5 (1.06%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 5 (1.06%) Enterprise Software
11 5 (1.06%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 194 (41.28%) Windows
2 111 (23.62%) Windows Server
3 74 (15.74%) Windows Server 2012
4 70 (14.89%) Linux
5 36 (7.66%) Windows 10
5 36 (7.66%) Windows Server 2008
6 28 (5.96%) Unix
7 23 (4.89%) Windows 7
8 22 (4.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 16 (3.40%) CentOS
10 7 (1.49%) Ubuntu
10 7 (1.49%) Windows Server 2003
11 6 (1.28%) Solaris
12 4 (0.85%) Android
12 4 (0.85%) Apple iOS
12 4 (0.85%) SUSE
12 4 (0.85%) Windows 8
13 3 (0.64%) VMS
14 1 (0.21%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 79 (16.81%) Migration
2 65 (13.83%) DevOps
3 64 (13.62%) Identity Management
4 55 (11.70%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 51 (10.85%) Identity Access Management
6 49 (10.43%) SIEM
7 44 (9.36%) Agile Software Development
7 44 (9.36%) ITIL
7 44 (9.36%) Problem-Solving
8 41 (8.72%) Information Security
9 38 (8.09%) Project Management
10 37 (7.87%) Cybersecurity
10 37 (7.87%) Security Architecture
11 33 (7.02%) High Availability
12 29 (6.17%) SOA
13 28 (5.96%) Disaster Recovery
14 22 (4.68%) Risk Management
15 21 (4.47%) Cryptography
15 21 (4.47%) Root Cause Analysis
16 20 (4.26%) TOGAF
Programming Languages
1 72 (15.32%) PowerShell
2 69 (14.68%) Java
3 53 (11.28%) SQL
4 52 (11.06%) Python
5 26 (5.53%) Bash Shell
6 22 (4.68%) C#
6 22 (4.68%) JavaScript
6 22 (4.68%) Perl
7 21 (4.47%) C++
8 17 (3.62%) Ruby
9 12 (2.55%) Shell Script
10 7 (1.49%) C
11 6 (1.28%) VBScript
12 5 (1.06%) Go
12 5 (1.06%) Groovy
13 2 (0.43%) Java 8
13 2 (0.43%) Lisp
13 2 (0.43%) VB
14 1 (0.21%) MATLAB
14 1 (0.21%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 125 (26.60%) Security Cleared
2 84 (17.87%) SC Cleared
3 44 (9.36%) CISSP
4 43 (9.15%) DV Cleared
5 36 (7.66%) Microsoft Certification
6 29 (6.17%) CISM
7 22 (4.68%) Degree
7 22 (4.68%) MCSE
8 19 (4.04%) Cisco Certification
9 17 (3.62%) MCSA
10 14 (2.98%) CESG Certified Professional
11 10 (2.13%) Citrix Certification
12 9 (1.91%) CCA
12 9 (1.91%) CEH
12 9 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
12 9 (1.91%) ISSAP
13 8 (1.70%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 7 (1.49%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 6 (1.28%) CCNP
16 5 (1.06%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (5.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 20 (4.26%) PCI DSS
3 9 (1.91%) GDPR
3 9 (1.91%) QA
4 8 (1.70%) RMADS
5 4 (0.85%) JSP 440
6 3 (0.64%) COBIT
6 3 (0.64%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.21%) GAMP
7 1 (0.21%) PMO
7 1 (0.21%) SLA
System Software
1 182 (38.72%) Active Directory
2 73 (15.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 55 (11.70%) Docker
4 37 (7.87%) Hyper-V
5 31 (6.60%) VMware ESXi
6 27 (5.74%) XenApp
7 21 (4.47%) XenDesktop
8 16 (3.40%) DFS Replication
8 16 (3.40%) Virtual Machines
9 15 (3.19%) Microsoft App-V
10 14 (2.98%) XenServer
11 10 (2.13%) vSphere
12 9 (1.91%) BitLocker
12 9 (1.91%) Firmware
13 8 (1.70%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
14 5 (1.06%) iptables
14 5 (1.06%) Virtual Servers
15 4 (0.85%) LXC
15 4 (0.85%) OpenDJ
15 4 (0.85%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 55 (11.70%) Single Sign-On
2 54 (11.49%) Ansible
3 51 (10.85%) SCCM
4 37 (7.87%) Puppet
5 36 (7.66%) Kubernetes
6 32 (6.81%) CA Single Sign-On
6 32 (6.81%) SCOM
7 31 (6.60%) Opscode Chef
8 27 (5.74%) Microsoft Intune
9 23 (4.89%) Forefront Identity Manager
10 22 (4.68%) Terraform
11 18 (3.83%) HP Fortify
12 16 (3.40%) WSUS
13 15 (3.19%) Nagios
14 13 (2.77%) Salt
15 12 (2.55%) ZABBIX
16 9 (1.91%) AirWatch
17 8 (1.70%) McAfee ePO
17 8 (1.70%) QRadar
18 6 (1.28%) CASB
Vendors
1 180 (38.30%) Microsoft
2 92 (19.57%) VMware
3 58 (12.34%) CA
4 50 (10.64%) Cisco
5 47 (10.00%) Citrix
6 25 (5.32%) BMC
7 23 (4.89%) McAfee
7 23 (4.89%) Red Hat
8 22 (4.68%) CheckPoint
8 22 (4.68%) Dell
9 20 (4.26%) Symantec
10 19 (4.04%) Splunk
11 18 (3.83%) Oracle
12 15 (3.19%) SolarWinds
13 13 (2.77%) Axway
13 13 (2.77%) TIBCO
14 12 (2.55%) NetApp
14 12 (2.55%) ServiceNow
15 11 (2.34%) Forcepoint
15 11 (2.34%) ForgeRock