Period
to 24 June 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 465 468 492
Rank change year-on-year +3 +24 -39
Contract jobs citing PKI 378 430 331
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.46% 0.47% 0.39%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.40% 1.44% 1.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 264 291 201
England median daily rate £525 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -5.26%
10th Percentile £350 £269 £313
90th Percentile £725 £675 £575
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% -5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 8 10
England median hourly rate £12.50 £36.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -65.99% -26.50% +56.07%
10th Percentile £12.00 £19.20 £29.00
90th Percentile £31.50 £61.50 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £13.00 £36.75 £50.00
% change year-on-year -64.63% -26.50% +56.07%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 27,009 29,845 28,067
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.53% 32.61% 33.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,543 19,535 18,210
England median daily rate £475 £470 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% +5.88%
10th Percentile £285 £275 £263
90th Percentile £675 £665 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £440
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 922 945 983
England median hourly rate £20.98 £22.50 £19.71
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.77% +14.18% -2.74%
10th Percentile £11.75 £11.80 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.25 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £20.86 £21.90 £20.00
% change year-on-year -4.77% +9.50% -4.76%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the England region over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +14 155 £600 +12.94% 3
South East +13 99 £475 +5.56%
South West +2 50 £500 -2.44% 2
North of England -7 34 £475 +69.64% 2
Midlands +32 27 £315 +0.80%
West Midlands +19 19 £300 -27.27%
North West +11 19 £486 +73.66% 2
Yorkshire +17 14 £475 -2.56%
East Midlands +19 8 £365 +30.36%
East of England -14 5 £550 +29.41% 4
North East -11 1 £600 +130.77%
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PKI.

1 131 (34.66%) Windows
2 130 (34.39%) Active Directory
3 125 (33.07%) Security Cleared
4 123 (32.54%) Microsoft
5 88 (23.28%) Microsoft Azure
6 84 (22.22%) DNS
6 84 (22.22%) Linux
7 78 (20.63%) Amazon AWS
8 77 (20.37%) Agile Software Development
8 77 (20.37%) Windows Server
9 74 (19.58%) Java
10 73 (19.31%) SC Cleared
11 67 (17.72%) VMware
12 66 (17.46%) Firewall
13 63 (16.67%) Finance
13 63 (16.67%) SQL
14 61 (16.14%) Python
15 58 (15.34%) DV Cleared
16 54 (14.29%) PowerShell
16 54 (14.29%) Problem-Solving
17 53 (14.02%) SIEM
17 53 (14.02%) Office 365
17 53 (14.02%) Docker
17 53 (14.02%) DevOps
17 53 (14.02%) JIRA
17 53 (14.02%) Information Security
18 52 (13.76%) DHCP
19 49 (12.96%) Cisco
20 48 (12.70%) LDAP
21 47 (12.43%) VPN

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (9.52%) Apache
1 36 (9.52%) Skype for Business
2 31 (8.20%) MS Exchange
3 28 (7.41%) Confluence
4 23 (6.08%) IIS
4 23 (6.08%) nginx
4 23 (6.08%) SharePoint
5 14 (3.70%) JBoss
5 14 (3.70%) Tomcat
6 10 (2.65%) Elasticsearch
7 9 (2.38%) Exchange Server 2010
8 8 (2.12%) OpenStack
9 7 (1.85%) Exchange Server 2003
9 7 (1.85%) WebLogic
10 6 (1.59%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
10 6 (1.59%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (1.06%) Exchange Server 2013
11 4 (1.06%) WebSphere
12 3 (0.79%) ColdFusion
12 3 (0.79%) Mule
Applications
1 9 (2.38%) Microsoft Excel
1 9 (2.38%) MS Visio
2 8 (2.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (1.85%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (1.32%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (1.06%) Veritas eDiscovery
2 3 (0.79%) BusinessWorks
2 3 (0.79%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 88 (23.28%) Microsoft Azure
2 78 (20.63%) Amazon AWS
3 53 (14.02%) Office 365
4 26 (6.88%) Amazon EC2
5 23 (6.08%) Serverless
5 23 (6.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 22 (5.82%) AWS Lambda
7 19 (5.03%) Amazon S3
8 17 (4.50%) Google Cloud Platform
9 15 (3.97%) Azure Active Directory
10 14 (3.70%) SaaS
11 13 (3.44%) PaaS
12 12 (3.17%) Amazon ECS
12 12 (3.17%) AWS CloudFormation
12 12 (3.17%) Route 53
13 11 (2.91%) Power Platform
14 10 (2.65%) OpenShift
15 9 (2.38%) GitHub
16 8 (2.12%) Apigee
16 8 (2.12%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 84 (22.22%) DNS
2 66 (17.46%) Firewall
3 52 (13.76%) DHCP
4 47 (12.43%) VPN
5 46 (12.17%) WAN
6 36 (9.52%) LAN
7 35 (9.26%) Network Security
8 28 (7.41%) SAN
9 26 (6.88%) SSL
10 25 (6.61%) TCP/IP
11 23 (6.08%) IPsec
12 21 (5.56%) Skype
13 19 (5.03%) Kerberos
14 17 (4.50%) HTTP
14 17 (4.50%) HTTPS
15 16 (4.23%) VLAN
16 14 (3.70%) Internet
16 14 (3.70%) Junos
17 11 (2.91%) SMTP
17 11 (2.91%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (10.58%) SQL Server
2 18 (4.76%) PostgreSQL
3 14 (3.70%) Big Data
4 12 (3.17%) MongoDB
5 11 (2.91%) Amazon RDS
6 10 (2.65%) MySQL
7 8 (2.12%) NoSQL
8 7 (1.85%) Data Warehouse
8 7 (1.85%) HBase
8 7 (1.85%) Power BI
9 6 (1.59%) SQL Server 2012
10 5 (1.32%) Hadoop
11 4 (1.06%) Oracle Database
11 4 (1.06%) SQL Server 2016
12 3 (0.79%) Relational Database
12 3 (0.79%) SQL Server 2008
13 1 (0.26%) SQL Server 2017
Development Applications
1 53 (14.02%) JIRA
2 32 (8.47%) Jenkins
3 26 (6.88%) Git (software)
4 12 (3.17%) Maven
5 9 (2.38%) MSI
6 8 (2.12%) SonarQube
6 8 (2.12%) Team Foundation Server
7 7 (1.85%) Artifactory
8 6 (1.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 5 (1.32%) Ant
9 5 (1.32%) Gradle
9 5 (1.32%) Metasploit
10 4 (1.06%) Babel
10 4 (1.06%) Cobertura
10 4 (1.06%) Snyk
10 4 (1.06%) webpack
11 3 (0.79%) AdminStudio
11 3 (0.79%) CircleCI
11 3 (0.79%) InstallShield
12 2 (0.53%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 63 (16.67%) Finance
2 21 (5.56%) Banking
3 13 (3.44%) Legal
4 12 (3.17%) Manufacturing
5 11 (2.91%) Telecoms
6 10 (2.65%) Local Government
7 8 (2.12%) Back Office
8 7 (1.85%) Electronics
8 7 (1.85%) Investment Banking
8 7 (1.85%) Law
9 6 (1.59%) Aerospace
9 6 (1.59%) Marketing
10 5 (1.32%) Retail
11 4 (1.06%) Multimedia
12 3 (0.79%) Military
12 3 (0.79%) Publishing
13 2 (0.53%) Advertising
14 1 (0.26%) Games
14 1 (0.26%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 111 (29.37%) Architect
2 55 (14.55%) Security Architect
3 35 (9.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 35 (9.26%) Network Engineer
4 32 (8.47%) Support Engineer
5 30 (7.94%) Security Engineer
6 23 (6.08%) Technical Architect
7 21 (5.56%) Solutions Architect
8 18 (4.76%) Developer
9 14 (3.70%) Network Support
9 14 (3.70%) Network Support Engineer
10 13 (3.44%) Cloud Architect
10 13 (3.44%) Design Engineer
11 12 (3.17%) 1st Line Engineer
11 12 (3.17%) 1st Line Support
11 12 (3.17%) 1st Line Support Engineer
11 12 (3.17%) Consultant
11 12 (3.17%) DevOps Engineer
12 11 (2.91%) Systems Engineer
12 11 (2.91%) Windows Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 48 (12.70%) LDAP
2 32 (8.47%) XML
3 29 (7.67%) SAML
4 24 (6.35%) REST
5 23 (6.08%) JSON
6 16 (4.23%) Middleware
6 16 (4.23%) OAuth
7 15 (3.97%) SailPoint
8 14 (3.70%) OpenID
8 14 (3.70%) Web Services
9 13 (3.44%) HTML
10 12 (3.17%) .NET
10 12 (3.17%) RabbitMQ
10 12 (3.17%) SOAP
11 11 (2.91%) Node.js
11 11 (2.91%) WCF
12 10 (2.65%) Java EE
13 8 (2.12%) CSS
14 7 (1.85%) SPNEGO
14 7 (1.85%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 42 (11.11%) Analytical Skills
2 36 (9.52%) Data Centre
3 26 (6.88%) Management Information System
4 18 (4.76%) Self-Motivation
5 14 (3.70%) Cloud Native
5 14 (3.70%) Greenfield Project
5 14 (3.70%) Hybrid Cloud
6 13 (3.44%) Public Cloud
7 12 (3.17%) Blackberry
7 12 (3.17%) Clustering
8 7 (1.85%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 6 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
9 6 (1.59%) Fat Client
9 6 (1.59%) Thin Client
9 6 (1.59%) Video Conferencing
10 5 (1.32%) iPhone
10 5 (1.32%) Private Cloud
10 5 (1.32%) Replication
10 5 (1.32%) User Experience
11 4 (1.06%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 131 (34.66%) Windows
2 84 (22.22%) Linux
3 77 (20.37%) Windows Server
4 45 (11.90%) Unix
5 42 (11.11%) Windows Server 2012
6 40 (10.58%) Windows 10
7 29 (7.67%) Windows Server 2008
8 18 (4.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 12 (3.17%) Ubuntu
9 12 (3.17%) Windows 7
10 11 (2.91%) CentOS
10 11 (2.91%) Solaris
10 11 (2.91%) Windows Server 2003
11 10 (2.65%) Debian
12 6 (1.59%) Android
13 4 (1.06%) Kali Linux
14 3 (0.79%) Windows Vista
15 1 (0.26%) Apple iOS
15 1 (0.26%) Data ONTAP
15 1 (0.26%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 77 (20.37%) Agile Software Development
2 54 (14.29%) Problem-Solving
3 53 (14.02%) DevOps
3 53 (14.02%) Information Security
3 53 (14.02%) SIEM
4 46 (12.17%) Security Architecture
5 40 (10.58%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 39 (10.32%) ITIL
6 39 (10.32%) Migration
7 38 (10.05%) Identity Access Management
8 35 (9.26%) Identity Management
9 32 (8.47%) High Availability
9 32 (8.47%) TOGAF
10 31 (8.20%) Cybersecurity
11 29 (7.67%) Cryptography
12 26 (6.88%) Risk Management
13 23 (6.08%) Network Design
14 22 (5.82%) Vulnerability Management
15 20 (5.29%) SDLC
16 19 (5.03%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 74 (19.58%) Java
2 63 (16.67%) SQL
3 61 (16.14%) Python
4 54 (14.29%) PowerShell
5 22 (5.82%) C
6 21 (5.56%) JavaScript
7 20 (5.29%) Bash Shell
8 19 (5.03%) C++
9 18 (4.76%) Go
10 15 (3.97%) Shell Script
11 10 (2.65%) C#
11 10 (2.65%) VBScript
12 9 (2.38%) Ruby
13 5 (1.32%) Perl
14 3 (0.79%) Apex Code
14 3 (0.79%) Java 8
14 3 (0.79%) PHP
14 3 (0.79%) VB
15 2 (0.53%) TypeScript
16 1 (0.26%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 125 (33.07%) Security Cleared
2 73 (19.31%) SC Cleared
3 58 (15.34%) DV Cleared
4 40 (10.58%) CISSP
5 36 (9.52%) Cisco Certification
6 30 (7.94%) Microsoft Certification
7 20 (5.29%) CCNP
7 20 (5.29%) Degree
8 18 (4.76%) CISM
9 15 (3.97%) MCSE
10 14 (3.70%) AWS Certification
10 14 (3.70%) MCSA
11 12 (3.17%) CCNA
11 12 (3.17%) JNCIP
12 9 (2.38%) CCIE
12 9 (2.38%) CISA
12 9 (2.38%) JNCIA
13 7 (1.85%) IISP
14 6 (1.59%) CEH
14 6 (1.59%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (4.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 11 (2.91%) PCI DSS
3 9 (2.38%) NIST
4 7 (1.85%) GDPR
5 3 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27005
6 2 (0.53%) COBIT
6 2 (0.53%) NCSC
7 1 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.26%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.26%) ISO 22301
7 1 (0.26%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.26%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.26%) PSD2
7 1 (0.26%) QA
7 1 (0.26%) RMADS
7 1 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 130 (34.39%) Active Directory
2 53 (14.02%) Docker
3 38 (10.05%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (7.14%) Hyper-V
5 20 (5.29%) VMware ESXi
6 17 (4.50%) vSphere
7 15 (3.97%) XenApp
8 9 (2.38%) Microsoft App-V
9 8 (2.12%) Snort
10 7 (1.85%) Citrix Presentation Server
10 7 (1.85%) Squid
10 7 (1.85%) XenDesktop
11 6 (1.59%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 5 (1.32%) BitLocker
12 5 (1.32%) HDFS
13 4 (1.06%) OpenDJ
13 4 (1.06%) OpenIDM
14 3 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
14 3 (0.79%) VMware Server
15 2 (0.53%) Forefront TMG
Systems Management
1 42 (11.11%) Kubernetes
2 41 (10.85%) SCCM
3 40 (10.58%) Ansible
3 40 (10.58%) Terraform
4 29 (7.67%) Single Sign-On
5 27 (7.14%) SCOM
6 19 (5.03%) Opscode Chef
7 18 (4.76%) Microsoft Intune
8 16 (4.23%) Puppet
9 14 (3.70%) CA Single Sign-On
10 12 (3.17%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 10 (2.65%) WSUS
12 9 (2.38%) CASB
12 9 (2.38%) Packer
12 9 (2.38%) vCenter Server
13 8 (2.12%) FortiGate
14 7 (1.85%) AirWatch
14 7 (1.85%) HAProxy
14 7 (1.85%) HP Fortify
14 7 (1.85%) Kibana
Vendors
1 123 (32.54%) Microsoft
2 67 (17.72%) VMware
3 49 (12.96%) Cisco
4 36 (9.52%) CA
5 30 (7.94%) Juniper
6 28 (7.41%) Oracle
7 26 (6.88%) Citrix
8 21 (5.56%) Splunk
9 17 (4.50%) Atlassian
9 17 (4.50%) Red Hat
10 16 (4.23%) Google
10 16 (4.23%) McAfee
11 15 (3.97%) BMC
11 15 (3.97%) SAP
12 13 (3.44%) SolarWinds
13 12 (3.17%) ForgeRock
14 11 (2.91%) Fortinet
15 10 (2.65%) Axway
16 9 (2.38%) IBM
16 9 (2.38%) ServiceNow