Period
to 30 October 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 30 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > England
6 months to
30 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 324 442 432
Rank change year-on-year +118 -10 +34
Contract jobs citing PKI 169 377 531
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.60% 0.49% 0.56%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.74% 1.55% 1.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 105 258 373
Median daily rate £495 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.00% - +2.56%
10th Percentile £380 £298 £359
90th Percentile £656 £725 £663
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 10 4
Median hourly rate £57.50 £13.00 £44.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +342.31% -70.95% +38.76%
10th Percentile £53.75 £12.00 £26.33
90th Percentile £61.25 £50.88 £53.48
UK median hourly rate £66.00 £35.00 £44.75
% change year-on-year +88.57% -21.79% +38.76%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 9,688 24,348 30,886
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.56% 31.44% 32.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,260 15,689 20,445
Median daily rate £480 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £263 £263 £275
90th Percentile £725 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 391 945 959
Median hourly rate £34.00 £21.56 £20.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +57.70% +6.50% +2.07%
10th Percentile £12.63 £11.55 £12.25
90th Percentile £54.00 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £31.61 £22.16 £20.00
% change year-on-year +42.66% +10.79% -

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PKI as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PKI in England.

Daily rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PKI in England.

Hourly rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the England region over the 6 months to 30 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +125 70 £500 -9.09% 10
South West +79 32 £475 -1.30% 6
South East +146 27 £475 -3.31% 10
North of England +98 18 £475 +15.15% 12
Midlands +74 17 £420 +20.00% 1
North West +70 12 £408 -4.12% 6
West Midlands +51 11 £420 +20.00%
Yorkshire +75 6 £475 +111.11% 6
East Midlands +52 6 - - 1
East of England +52 4 £400 -34.69%
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 30 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for PKI.

1 82 (48.52%) Active Directory
2 75 (44.38%) Windows
3 60 (35.50%) Firewall
4 56 (33.14%) Microsoft
5 53 (31.36%) Security Cleared
6 50 (29.59%) Azure
7 45 (26.63%) Agile Software Development
8 44 (26.04%) DNS
9 41 (24.26%) VMware
10 40 (23.67%) DevOps
11 39 (23.08%) Data Centre
12 36 (21.30%) Java
12 36 (21.30%) PowerShell
13 35 (20.71%) Cisco
13 35 (20.71%) Internet
14 34 (20.12%) VPN
15 33 (19.53%) Linux
16 32 (18.93%) DHCP
16 32 (18.93%) Office 365
17 31 (18.34%) IaaS
18 29 (17.16%) AWS
18 29 (17.16%) Windows Server
19 28 (16.57%) WAN
19 28 (16.57%) SQL Server
20 26 (15.38%) CISSP
20 26 (15.38%) Skype
20 26 (15.38%) Docker
20 26 (15.38%) VMware Infrastructure
21 25 (14.79%) Finance
21 25 (14.79%) Information Security

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (11.24%) Skype for Business
2 18 (10.65%) Confluence
3 11 (6.51%) SharePoint
4 10 (5.92%) MS Exchange
5 8 (4.73%) IIS
5 8 (4.73%) JBoss
5 8 (4.73%) WebSphere
6 6 (3.55%) NetWeaver
6 6 (3.55%) nginx
7 4 (2.37%) Apache
7 4 (2.37%) WebLogic
8 3 (1.78%) CMS
9 2 (1.18%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 2 (1.18%) Elasticsearch
9 2 (1.18%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.59%) Exchange Server 2013
10 1 (0.59%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 1 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.59%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.78%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 50 (29.59%) Azure
2 32 (18.93%) Office 365
3 31 (18.34%) IaaS
4 29 (17.16%) AWS
5 24 (14.20%) PaaS
6 10 (5.92%) Amazon EC2
6 10 (5.92%) Cloud Computing
7 8 (4.73%) Amazon S3
7 8 (4.73%) SaaS
8 7 (4.14%) Azure Active Directory
8 7 (4.14%) Azure ExpressRoute
8 7 (4.14%) OpenShift
8 7 (4.14%) Route 53
9 6 (3.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 6 (3.55%) Amazon EKS
9 6 (3.55%) AWS CloudFormation
10 5 (2.96%) Amazon ECS
11 3 (1.78%) IBM Cloud
11 3 (1.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 2 (1.18%) GCP
Communications & Networking
1 60 (35.50%) Firewall
2 44 (26.04%) DNS
3 35 (20.71%) Internet
4 34 (20.12%) VPN
5 32 (18.93%) DHCP
6 28 (16.57%) WAN
7 26 (15.38%) Skype
8 23 (13.61%) Wireless
9 20 (11.83%) DMZ
9 20 (11.83%) Network Security
10 16 (9.47%) Intranet
11 13 (7.69%) SSL
12 12 (7.10%) MPLS
12 12 (7.10%) PBX
13 9 (5.33%) VSAN
14 7 (4.14%) BGP
14 7 (4.14%) SAN
14 7 (4.14%) VoIP
15 6 (3.55%) S/MIME
16 5 (2.96%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (16.57%) SQL Server
2 13 (7.69%) PostgreSQL
3 9 (5.33%) Amazon RDS
3 9 (5.33%) MySQL
4 8 (4.73%) Oracle Database
4 8 (4.73%) Oracle Database 11g
5 6 (3.55%) Apache Accumulo
5 6 (3.55%) Azure SQL Database
5 6 (3.55%) Cosmos DB
5 6 (3.55%) DB2
5 6 (3.55%) Hadoop
5 6 (3.55%) Oracle Database 12c
5 6 (3.55%) SAP HANA
6 5 (2.96%) Relational Database
6 5 (2.96%) SQL Server 2019
7 2 (1.18%) MongoDB
7 2 (1.18%) SQL Server 2012
8 1 (0.59%) GIS
8 1 (0.59%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 19 (11.24%) JIRA
2 16 (9.47%) Bitbucket
3 9 (5.33%) Jenkins
4 7 (4.14%) Sonatype Nexus
5 3 (1.78%) Visual Studio
6 2 (1.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 2 (1.18%) Git (software)
6 2 (1.18%) Oracle APEX
7 1 (0.59%) GitLab
7 1 (0.59%) JUnit
7 1 (0.59%) Mockito
7 1 (0.59%) Octopus Deploy
7 1 (0.59%) Team Foundation Server
7 1 (0.59%) TeamCity
General
1 25 (14.79%) Finance
2 16 (9.47%) Banking
3 9 (5.33%) Public Sector
4 8 (4.73%) Telecoms
5 6 (3.55%) Aerospace
5 6 (3.55%) Manufacturing
5 6 (3.55%) Pharmaceutical
6 5 (2.96%) Electronics
6 5 (2.96%) Financial Institution
6 5 (2.96%) Marketing
7 4 (2.37%) Investment Banking
8 3 (1.78%) Military
8 3 (1.78%) Retail
9 2 (1.18%) Legal
10 1 (0.59%) Police
Job Titles
1 39 (23.08%) Architect
2 19 (11.24%) Security Specialist
3 16 (9.47%) Security Architect
4 12 (7.10%) Consultant
5 11 (6.51%) Security Engineer
6 10 (5.92%) Solutions Architect
7 9 (5.33%) 3rd Line Engineer
7 9 (5.33%) Administrator
7 9 (5.33%) Applications Architect
7 9 (5.33%) Azure Specialist
7 9 (5.33%) Network Engineer
8 8 (4.73%) Developer
8 8 (4.73%) Infrastructure Architect
8 8 (4.73%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 8 (4.73%) Systems Administrator
9 7 (4.14%) Support Engineer
10 6 (3.55%) 3rd Line Support
10 6 (3.55%) AWS Engineer
10 6 (3.55%) Linux Administrator
10 6 (3.55%) Linux Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (14.20%) .NET
2 15 (8.88%) LDAP
3 14 (8.28%) SAML
4 13 (7.69%) Middleware
4 13 (7.69%) OAuth
5 12 (7.10%) REST
6 10 (5.92%) OpenID
7 7 (4.14%) JSON
7 7 (4.14%) Kafka
7 7 (4.14%) OAuth2
8 6 (3.55%) Apache NiFi
8 6 (3.55%) Elastic Stack
8 6 (3.55%) SAP Basis
8 6 (3.55%) Web Services
8 6 (3.55%) YAML
9 5 (2.96%) SOAP
10 4 (2.37%) XACML
11 3 (1.78%) AngularJS
11 3 (1.78%) J2EE
11 3 (1.78%) SPML
Miscellaneous
1 39 (23.08%) Data Centre
2 19 (11.24%) Self-Motivation
3 14 (8.28%) Algorithms
4 12 (7.10%) Analytical Skills
5 11 (6.51%) Management Information System
5 11 (6.51%) Replication
6 7 (4.14%) Fat Client
6 7 (4.14%) Public Cloud
6 7 (4.14%) Thin Client
7 6 (3.55%) Video Conferencing
8 5 (2.96%) Linux Command Line
8 5 (2.96%) Smartcard
9 4 (2.37%) Virtual Team
10 3 (1.78%) BYOD
10 3 (1.78%) Client/Server
10 3 (1.78%) YubiKey
11 2 (1.18%) Driving Licence
11 2 (1.18%) Hybrid Cloud
11 2 (1.18%) Mobile App
11 2 (1.18%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 75 (44.38%) Windows
2 33 (19.53%) Linux
3 29 (17.16%) Windows Server
4 17 (10.06%) Windows Server 2012
5 12 (7.10%) Unix
6 10 (5.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 10 (5.92%) Windows Server 2016
7 9 (5.33%) Windows Server 2019
8 8 (4.73%) CentOS
8 8 (4.73%) Windows 10
9 6 (3.55%) Apple iOS
10 4 (2.37%) Android
10 4 (2.37%) Solaris
11 3 (1.78%) AIX
11 3 (1.78%) MVS
12 2 (1.18%) Windows 7
12 2 (1.18%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.59%) HPUX
13 1 (0.59%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.59%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 45 (26.63%) Agile Software Development
2 40 (23.67%) DevOps
3 25 (14.79%) Information Security
4 23 (13.61%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 21 (12.43%) High Availability
5 21 (12.43%) SIEM
6 19 (11.24%) Migration
6 19 (11.24%) Security Architecture
7 16 (9.47%) Technical Leadership
8 15 (8.88%) Microservices
9 14 (8.28%) Product Roadmap
10 13 (7.69%) Identity Management
10 13 (7.69%) ITIL
10 13 (7.69%) TOGAF
11 12 (7.10%) Risk Management
11 12 (7.10%) Security Operations
12 11 (6.51%) Business Analysis
12 11 (6.51%) Data Protection
13 10 (5.92%) Scrum
13 10 (5.92%) Service Management
Programming Languages
1 36 (21.30%) Java
1 36 (21.30%) PowerShell
2 20 (11.83%) SQL
3 19 (11.24%) Bash Shell
4 14 (8.28%) Python
5 10 (5.92%) Perl
6 6 (3.55%) C#
7 5 (2.96%) Shell Script
8 4 (2.37%) JavaScript
9 3 (1.78%) C++
9 3 (1.78%) VB.NET
10 2 (1.18%) Go
10 2 (1.18%) Java 8
10 2 (1.18%) PL/SQL
10 2 (1.18%) T-SQL
11 1 (0.59%) C
11 1 (0.59%) Groovy
11 1 (0.59%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 53 (31.36%) Security Cleared
2 26 (15.38%) CISSP
3 23 (13.61%) DV Cleared
4 22 (13.02%) SC Cleared
5 17 (10.06%) Microsoft Certification
6 14 (8.28%) Degree
7 11 (6.51%) Cisco Certification
8 8 (4.73%) MCSA
8 8 (4.73%) MCSE
9 7 (4.14%) (ISC)2 CCSP
9 7 (4.14%) CCSP
10 4 (2.37%) Master's Degree
11 3 (1.78%) CCNA
11 3 (1.78%) CCNP
11 3 (1.78%) CISA
11 3 (1.78%) CSSLP
11 3 (1.78%) TOGAF Certification
11 3 (1.78%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 2 (1.18%) CESG Certified Professional
12 2 (1.18%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (4.73%) GDPR
1 8 (4.73%) NCSC
1 8 (4.73%) PCI DSS
2 7 (4.14%) COBIT
3 4 (2.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (1.18%) Cyber Essentials
4 2 (1.18%) NIST
4 2 (1.18%) SLA
5 1 (0.59%) Def Stans
5 1 (0.59%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 1 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 1 (0.59%) JSP 440
5 1 (0.59%) PSD2
5 1 (0.59%) QA
System Software
1 82 (48.52%) Active Directory
2 26 (15.38%) Docker
2 26 (15.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (4.73%) vSphere
4 6 (3.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 5 (2.96%) VMware NSX
6 4 (2.37%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (1.78%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (1.18%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
8 2 (1.18%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (1.18%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 1 (0.59%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.59%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.59%) UAG
9 1 (0.59%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 19 (11.24%) SCCM
2 14 (8.28%) Kubernetes
3 13 (7.69%) Single Sign-On
4 11 (6.51%) Ansible
4 11 (6.51%) SCOM
5 10 (5.92%) Terraform
6 6 (3.55%) PingFederate
6 6 (3.55%) vCenter Server
7 5 (2.96%) McAfee ePO
8 4 (2.37%) HAProxy
9 3 (1.78%) CASB
9 3 (1.78%) Forefront Identity Manager
9 3 (1.78%) Puppet
9 3 (1.78%) vRealize
9 3 (1.78%) WSUS
10 2 (1.18%) Consul
10 2 (1.18%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 2 (1.18%) NetBackup
10 2 (1.18%) OfficeScan
10 2 (1.18%) Trend Micro Deep Security
Vendors
1 56 (33.14%) Microsoft
2 41 (24.26%) VMware
3 35 (20.71%) Cisco
4 15 (8.88%) Oracle
5 14 (8.28%) SAP
6 13 (7.69%) Red Hat
7 11 (6.51%) Juniper
8 10 (5.92%) Citrix
9 9 (5.33%) Fortinet
10 8 (4.73%) Atlassian
10 8 (4.73%) IBM
10 8 (4.73%) NetApp
11 7 (4.14%) McAfee
11 7 (4.14%) Palo Alto
11 7 (4.14%) Veeam
12 6 (3.55%) Remedy
12 6 (3.55%) Sonus
12 6 (3.55%) Splunk
12 6 (3.55%) Veracode
13 4 (2.37%) Forcepoint