Period
to 20 November 2017

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 463 511 500
Rank change year-on-year +48 -11 +23
Contract jobs citing PKI 431 389 410
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.46% 0.40% 0.39%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.35% 1.21% 1.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 258 277 248
England median daily rate £488 £463 £439
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.41% +5.41% +6.36%
10th Percentile £280 £320 £304
90th Percentile £680 £600 £587
UK median daily rate £478 £458 £438
% change year-on-year +4.37% +4.57% +6.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 4 1
England median hourly rate £31.00 £34.50 £32.73
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.14% +5.41% +25.88%
UK median hourly rate £32.25 £34.50 £32.73
% change year-on-year -6.52% +5.41% +25.88%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 31846 32126 34279
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 33.86% 33.25% 32.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 21371 21210 22183
England median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £269 £255 £250
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 913 1105 1349
England median hourly rate £20.50 £20.83 £19.08
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.58% +9.17% +6.00%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.72 £11.25
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.50 £46.80
UK median hourly rate £20.94 £20.75 £19.50
% change year-on-year +0.89% +6.41% +8.33%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in England

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in England over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in England

PKI
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the England region over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +63 224 £535 +7.00% 9
South East -45 69 £500 +17.53% 6
North of England +42 52 £350 +2.94% 5
Midlands +39 42 £288 -15.44% 5
North West +18 30 £280 -27.74% 3
East Midlands - 25 £280 - 1
South West +7 21 £625 +16.28% 3
East of England -8 21 £525 +31.25% 2
Yorkshire +21 19 £481 +61.76% 2
West Midlands +18 17 £400 +17.65% 4
North East +42 3 - -
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for PKI.

1 172 (39.91%) Windows
2 165 (38.28%) Active Directory
3 145 (33.64%) Microsoft
4 127 (29.47%) Security Cleared
5 117 (27.15%) Linux
6 106 (24.59%) VMware
7 92 (21.35%) Firewall
8 89 (20.65%) DNS
9 84 (19.49%) Windows Server
10 77 (17.87%) SIEM
11 72 (16.71%) Finance
12 71 (16.47%) SC Cleared
13 70 (16.24%) IPsec
14 69 (16.01%) TCP/IP
15 64 (14.85%) LDAP
16 62 (14.39%) Information Security
17 60 (13.92%) Data Centre
18 58 (13.46%) Migration
18 58 (13.46%) Amazon AWS
19 57 (13.23%) Network Security
19 57 (13.23%) Cybersecurity
20 56 (12.99%) Cryptography
20 56 (12.99%) Cisco
21 55 (12.76%) Unix
21 55 (12.76%) DV Cleared
21 55 (12.76%) PowerShell
22 54 (12.53%) Agile Software Development
23 51 (11.83%) SSL
24 48 (11.14%) VMware Infrastructure
25 47 (10.90%) CISSP

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (9.74%) MS Exchange
2 23 (5.34%) Apache
2 23 (5.34%) SharePoint
3 21 (4.87%) IIS
3 21 (4.87%) Skype for Business
4 13 (3.02%) Tomcat
5 11 (2.55%) Exchange Server 2013
6 9 (2.09%) Exchange Server 2010
7 8 (1.86%) nginx
8 6 (1.39%) SAS
9 4 (0.93%) Exchange Server 2003
9 4 (0.93%) JBoss
9 4 (0.93%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
10 2 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.46%) WebSphere
10 2 (0.46%) WebSphere Application Server
11 1 (0.23%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
11 1 (0.23%) Documentum
11 1 (0.23%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 9 (2.09%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (1.62%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (1.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.93%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.46%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
1 1 (0.23%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 58 (13.46%) Amazon AWS
2 43 (9.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 39 (9.05%) Office 365
4 29 (6.73%) IaaS
5 22 (5.10%) PaaS
6 17 (3.94%) SaaS
7 15 (3.48%) Cloud Computing
8 14 (3.25%) Azure Active Directory
9 9 (2.09%) AWS CloudFormation
10 8 (1.86%) Amazon EC2
11 7 (1.62%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (1.62%) Route 53
11 7 (1.62%) Serverless
12 6 (1.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 6 (1.39%) Amazon S3
12 6 (1.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 5 (1.16%) Google Cloud Platform
13 5 (1.16%) Slack
14 3 (0.70%) Mimecast
15 2 (0.46%) Akamai
Communications & Networking
1 92 (21.35%) Firewall
2 89 (20.65%) DNS
3 70 (16.24%) IPsec
4 69 (16.01%) TCP/IP
5 64 (14.85%) LDAP
6 57 (13.23%) Network Security
7 51 (11.83%) SSL
8 46 (10.67%) VPN
9 41 (9.51%) Kerberos
10 32 (7.42%) DHCP
11 29 (6.73%) HTTPS
12 26 (6.03%) SAN
13 25 (5.80%) LAN
14 23 (5.34%) HTTP
15 20 (4.64%) Reverse Proxy
16 19 (4.41%) Cisco ASA
17 18 (4.18%) Internet
17 18 (4.18%) WAN
18 17 (3.94%) VoIP
19 13 (3.02%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (7.66%) SQL Server
2 8 (1.86%) MongoDB
2 8 (1.86%) SQL Server 2008
3 6 (1.39%) Big Data
3 6 (1.39%) SQL Server 2012
4 4 (0.93%) Amazon RDS
4 4 (0.93%) MySQL
4 4 (0.93%) NoSQL
5 3 (0.70%) PostgreSQL
5 3 (0.70%) Relational Database
5 3 (0.70%) SQL Server 2005
6 2 (0.46%) Oracle Database
6 2 (0.46%) RDBMS
6 2 (0.46%) SQL Server 2014
7 1 (0.23%) Azure SQL Database
7 1 (0.23%) Blockchain
7 1 (0.23%) Data Lake
7 1 (0.23%) DB2
7 1 (0.23%) EDRMS
7 1 (0.23%) VoltDB
Development Applications
1 16 (3.71%) JIRA
2 14 (3.25%) Jenkins
3 9 (2.09%) Git (software)
3 9 (2.09%) Sonatype Nexus
4 7 (1.62%) Maven
5 6 (1.39%) GitLab
5 6 (1.39%) Visual Studio
6 4 (0.93%) Metasploit
7 3 (0.70%) Artifactory
8 2 (0.46%) Cucumber
8 2 (0.46%) Fiddler
8 2 (0.46%) Grunt
8 2 (0.46%) Jasmine
8 2 (0.46%) MSBuild
8 2 (0.46%) Subversion
8 2 (0.46%) Team Foundation Server
8 2 (0.46%) webpack
9 1 (0.23%) Ant
9 1 (0.23%) InstallShield
9 1 (0.23%) MSI
General
1 72 (16.71%) Finance
2 26 (6.03%) Telecoms
3 13 (3.02%) Manufacturing
4 12 (2.78%) Electronics
4 12 (2.78%) Marketing
5 9 (2.09%) Legal
5 9 (2.09%) Retail
6 8 (1.86%) Banking
7 7 (1.62%) Law
8 5 (1.16%) Local Government
8 5 (1.16%) Publishing
9 2 (0.46%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.23%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.23%) Military
Job Titles
1 99 (22.97%) Architect
2 67 (15.55%) Consultant
3 47 (10.90%) Analyst
4 38 (8.82%) Security Architect
5 35 (8.12%) Security Consultant
6 32 (7.42%) Security Analyst
7 31 (7.19%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 23 (5.34%) Technical Architect
9 19 (4.41%) Administrator
9 19 (4.41%) Security Engineer
10 15 (3.48%) Active Directory Specialist
11 13 (3.02%) Active Directory Engineer
11 13 (3.02%) Network Engineer
11 13 (3.02%) Security Specialist
11 13 (3.02%) Systems Administrator
11 13 (3.02%) Technical Analyst
12 12 (2.78%) Developer
12 12 (2.78%) IT Analyst
12 12 (2.78%) IT Security Analyst
12 12 (2.78%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (8.35%) SAML
2 27 (6.26%) Web Services
3 21 (4.87%) OpenID
4 20 (4.64%) REST
4 20 (4.64%) SOAP
5 15 (3.48%) SailPoint
6 14 (3.25%) 802.1X
7 13 (3.02%) XML
8 10 (2.32%) .NET
9 9 (2.09%) WCF
10 8 (1.86%) SPNEGO
11 7 (1.62%) OAuth
11 7 (1.62%) XMPP
12 6 (1.39%) JSON
12 6 (1.39%) LAMP
12 6 (1.39%) Node.js
12 6 (1.39%) Software Packaging
12 6 (1.39%) Windows Identity Foundation
13 5 (1.16%) OAuth2
14 4 (0.93%) HTML
Miscellaneous
1 60 (13.92%) Data Centre
2 29 (6.73%) Management Information System
3 19 (4.41%) Algorithms
4 15 (3.48%) Analytical Skills
5 12 (2.78%) Hybrid Cloud
6 11 (2.55%) Cloud Native
7 10 (2.32%) CESG
7 10 (2.32%) Cyberthreat
7 10 (2.32%) Public Cloud
8 9 (2.09%) Computer Science
8 9 (2.09%) Linux Command Line
8 9 (2.09%) Smartcard
9 6 (1.39%) Security Operations Centre
10 5 (1.16%) Clustering
10 5 (1.16%) Fintech
11 4 (0.93%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 4 (0.93%) Fat Client
11 4 (0.93%) Mainframe
11 4 (0.93%) Replication
11 4 (0.93%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 172 (39.91%) Windows
2 117 (27.15%) Linux
3 84 (19.49%) Windows Server
4 55 (12.76%) Unix
5 41 (9.51%) Windows Server 2012
6 39 (9.05%) Windows Server 2008
7 28 (6.50%) Windows Server 2003
8 24 (5.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 16 (3.71%) CentOS
10 14 (3.25%) Windows 7
11 13 (3.02%) Windows 10
12 6 (1.39%) Windows 2000 Server
13 4 (0.93%) HPUX
14 3 (0.70%) Solaris
14 3 (0.70%) Windows 2000
15 2 (0.46%) Embedded Linux
15 2 (0.46%) VMS
16 1 (0.23%) AIX
16 1 (0.23%) Android
16 1 (0.23%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 77 (17.87%) SIEM
2 62 (14.39%) Information Security
3 58 (13.46%) Migration
4 57 (13.23%) Cybersecurity
5 56 (12.99%) Cryptography
6 54 (12.53%) Agile Software Development
7 46 (10.67%) DevOps
7 46 (10.67%) ITIL
8 40 (9.28%) Identity Access Management
9 38 (8.82%) Configuration Management
10 36 (8.35%) Vulnerability Management
11 28 (6.50%) Identity Management
11 28 (6.50%) Incident Management
12 26 (6.03%) Penetration Testing
12 26 (6.03%) Security Operations
13 25 (5.80%) Open Source
14 24 (5.57%) Server Virtualisation
15 23 (5.34%) Data Protection
16 20 (4.64%) Project Management
17 18 (4.18%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 55 (12.76%) PowerShell
2 46 (10.67%) Java
3 45 (10.44%) Python
4 38 (8.82%) SQL
5 29 (6.73%) Ruby
6 18 (4.18%) Bash Shell
7 15 (3.48%) C-shell
7 15 (3.48%) Korn
8 12 (2.78%) Go
9 8 (1.86%) Shell Script
9 8 (1.86%) VBScript
10 7 (1.62%) JavaScript
11 6 (1.39%) C#
11 6 (1.39%) Perl
12 3 (0.70%) C++
13 2 (0.46%) GraphQL
13 2 (0.46%) PHP
13 2 (0.46%) T-SQL
14 1 (0.23%) C
14 1 (0.23%) sed
Qualifications
1 127 (29.47%) Security Cleared
2 71 (16.47%) SC Cleared
3 55 (12.76%) DV Cleared
4 47 (10.90%) CISSP
5 40 (9.28%) Microsoft Certification
6 30 (6.96%) Degree
7 29 (6.73%) Cisco Certification
8 24 (5.57%) CISM
9 22 (5.10%) MCSE
10 15 (3.48%) BPSS Clearance
10 15 (3.48%) CRISC
11 12 (2.78%) CCNP
11 12 (2.78%) MCSA
11 12 (2.78%) SANS
12 9 (2.09%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 9 (2.09%) CCIE
13 8 (1.86%) CGEIT
14 7 (1.62%) GIAC
15 6 (1.39%) CCNA
15 6 (1.39%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (7.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 18 (4.18%) PCI DSS
3 14 (3.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 11 (2.55%) COBIT
5 9 (2.09%) GDPR
6 8 (1.86%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (1.16%) FIPS 140-2
8 3 (0.70%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.46%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.46%) RMADS
10 1 (0.23%) ECSS
10 1 (0.23%) QA
10 1 (0.23%) SLA
System Software
1 165 (38.28%) Active Directory
2 48 (11.14%) VMware Infrastructure
3 24 (5.57%) Hyper-V
4 19 (4.41%) vSphere
5 15 (3.48%) VMware ESXi
6 12 (2.78%) FreeRADIUS
7 9 (2.09%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (2.09%) VMware Workstation
8 7 (1.62%) BitLocker
8 7 (1.62%) XenApp
9 6 (1.39%) Docker
9 6 (1.39%) VMware Server
9 6 (1.39%) XenDesktop
10 4 (0.93%) Citrix Presentation Server
10 4 (0.93%) iptables
10 4 (0.93%) Postfix
10 4 (0.93%) Samba
10 4 (0.93%) Squid
10 4 (0.93%) Virtual Desktop
11 2 (0.46%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 40 (9.28%) Puppet
2 32 (7.42%) Opscode Chef
2 32 (7.42%) SCCM
3 28 (6.50%) Ansible
4 20 (4.64%) SCOM
5 12 (2.78%) Salt
6 11 (2.55%) WSUS
7 8 (1.86%) CA Single Sign-On
7 8 (1.86%) Nessus
8 7 (1.62%) Forefront Identity Manager
8 7 (1.62%) McAfee ePO
8 7 (1.62%) Norton AntiVirus
9 6 (1.39%) Nmap
9 6 (1.39%) Rsyslog
9 6 (1.39%) SCSM
9 6 (1.39%) SCVMM
10 5 (1.16%) NetBackup
10 5 (1.16%) vCenter Server
11 4 (0.93%) Cisco UCCX
12 3 (0.70%) SCDPM
Vendors
1 145 (33.64%) Microsoft
2 106 (24.59%) VMware
3 56 (12.99%) Cisco
4 33 (7.66%) Citrix
5 30 (6.96%) Juniper
5 30 (6.96%) Red Hat
6 26 (6.03%) HP
7 25 (5.80%) Oracle
8 22 (5.10%) CA
9 21 (4.87%) ForgeRock
10 18 (4.18%) McAfee
11 17 (3.94%) SolarWinds
12 16 (3.71%) F5
13 14 (3.25%) Gemalto
13 14 (3.25%) Palo Alto
14 11 (2.55%) IBM
14 11 (2.55%) SAP
14 11 (2.55%) Splunk
15 10 (2.32%) NetApp
15 10 (2.32%) Symantec