Period
to 19 June 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 19 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
England > London
6 months to
19 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 609 651 687
Rank change year-on-year +42 +36 +43
Permanent jobs citing PKI 212 171 201
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.31% 0.24% 0.25%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.63% 0.52% 0.51%
Number of salaries quoted 170 133 147
London median annual salary £62,500 £59,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.93% -1.67% +9.09%
10th Percentile £45,000 £37,500 £41,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £75,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £56,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +1.77% +2.73% -

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 33,671 33,051 39,178
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 48.58% 47.30% 48.01%
Number of salaries quoted 26,321 26,246 33,017
London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £87,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £49,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +1.01% -1.00% +5.26%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in London

PKI
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI in London.

Salary trend for PKI in London

PKI
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in London over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Salary histogram for PKI in London

PKI
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the London region over the 6 months to 19 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -39 31 £57,500 +6.48% 8
North London 0 3 £60,000 +9.09%
West London +12 2 £47,500 +5.56% 5
East London - 2 £66,950 - 3
PKI
England

For the 6 months to 19 June 2018, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PKI.

1 72 (33.96%) SIEM
2 70 (33.02%) Firewall
3 68 (32.08%) Active Directory
4 66 (31.13%) Microsoft Azure
5 58 (27.36%) Network Security
6 57 (26.89%) Microsoft
7 54 (25.47%) Cybersecurity
7 54 (25.47%) Data Loss Prevention
8 50 (23.58%) Identity Access Management
9 49 (23.11%) Security Operations
10 44 (20.75%) Amazon AWS
11 43 (20.28%) Problem-Solving
12 41 (19.34%) Windows
13 39 (18.40%) CISSP
14 38 (17.92%) Java
14 38 (17.92%) Vulnerability Management
15 37 (17.45%) Public Cloud
16 36 (16.98%) OpenID
16 36 (16.98%) VMware
17 35 (16.51%) Information Security
17 35 (16.51%) Finance
17 35 (16.51%) PowerShell
17 35 (16.51%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
18 34 (16.04%) PCI DSS
19 33 (15.57%) Splunk
19 33 (15.57%) SQL
20 32 (15.09%) Analytical Skills
21 31 (14.62%) QRadar
21 31 (14.62%) SAML
21 31 (14.62%) Use Case

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (13.21%) IIS
2 18 (8.49%) Apache
2 18 (8.49%) Tomcat
3 12 (5.66%) MS Exchange
4 9 (4.25%) Apache Spark
4 9 (4.25%) Elasticsearch
5 5 (2.36%) CMS
6 2 (0.94%) Confluence
7 1 (0.47%) Ethereum
7 1 (0.47%) Hyperledger
7 1 (0.47%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.47%) SharePoint
7 1 (0.47%) Skype for Business
7 1 (0.47%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 1 (0.47%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.42%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.47%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 66 (31.13%) Microsoft Azure
2 44 (20.75%) Amazon AWS
3 30 (14.15%) Office 365
4 19 (8.96%) Mimecast
5 17 (8.02%) Google Cloud Platform
6 16 (7.55%) Azure Active Directory
7 4 (1.89%) SaaS
8 3 (1.42%) AWS CloudFormation
8 3 (1.42%) IaaS
8 3 (1.42%) PaaS
9 2 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 2 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
9 2 (0.94%) Amazon S3
9 2 (0.94%) Amazon SQS
10 1 (0.47%) Cloud Computing
10 1 (0.47%) Fastly
10 1 (0.47%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 70 (33.02%) Firewall
2 58 (27.36%) Network Security
3 27 (12.74%) DNS
4 21 (9.91%) DHCP
4 21 (9.91%) HTTP
5 20 (9.43%) IPsec
6 18 (8.49%) VPN
7 17 (8.02%) Kerberos
7 17 (8.02%) Wireshark
8 14 (6.60%) TCP/IP
9 11 (5.19%) DKIM
9 11 (5.19%) DMARC
10 10 (4.72%) LAN
10 10 (4.72%) WAN
11 8 (3.77%) IPv6
12 7 (3.30%) TACACS
13 6 (2.83%) Internet
14 5 (2.36%) Ethernet
14 5 (2.36%) Wireless
15 4 (1.89%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (5.19%) MongoDB
2 9 (4.25%) Apache Accumulo
2 9 (4.25%) Apache Hive
2 9 (4.25%) Big Data
2 9 (4.25%) Hadoop
2 9 (4.25%) Impala
2 9 (4.25%) Sqoop
3 6 (2.83%) SQL Server
4 3 (1.42%) Blockchain
5 2 (0.94%) Amazon RDS
5 2 (0.94%) GIS
5 2 (0.94%) Oracle Database
5 2 (0.94%) SQL Server 2008
5 2 (0.94%) SQL Server 2014
5 2 (0.94%) VoltDB
6 1 (0.47%) BigchainDB
6 1 (0.47%) CouchDB
6 1 (0.47%) Redis
Development Applications
1 17 (8.02%) Fiddler
2 9 (4.25%) JIRA
3 4 (1.89%) Git (software)
3 4 (1.89%) Jenkins
4 3 (1.42%) Subversion
5 2 (0.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 2 (0.94%) Maven
5 2 (0.94%) Octopus Deploy
5 2 (0.94%) TeamCity
6 1 (0.47%) CircleCI
6 1 (0.47%) Vagrant
General
1 35 (16.51%) Finance
2 18 (8.49%) Banking
3 12 (5.66%) Investment Banking
4 11 (5.19%) Financial Institution
5 10 (4.72%) Telecoms
6 9 (4.25%) Military
7 6 (2.83%) Legal
8 4 (1.89%) Law
8 4 (1.89%) Retail
9 2 (0.94%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.47%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 51 (24.06%) Architect
2 43 (20.28%) Consultant
3 35 (16.51%) Security Consultant
4 26 (12.26%) Security Architect
5 25 (11.79%) Security Engineer
6 21 (9.91%) IT Consultant
6 21 (9.91%) IT Security Consultant
7 19 (8.96%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 19 (8.96%) Technical Architect
8 16 (7.55%) Azure Engineer
9 13 (6.13%) Software Engineer
10 12 (5.66%) Active Directory Engineer
10 12 (5.66%) Senior Consultant
10 12 (5.66%) Senior Security Consultant
10 12 (5.66%) Solutions Architect
11 11 (5.19%) Senior Infrastructure Engineer
12 10 (4.72%) Managing Consultant
12 10 (4.72%) Security Solutions Architect
12 10 (4.72%) Senior Architect
12 10 (4.72%) Senior IT Security Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (16.98%) OpenID
2 31 (14.62%) SAML
3 28 (13.21%) OAuth
4 19 (8.96%) XML
5 17 (8.02%) HTML
5 17 (8.02%) LDAP
5 17 (8.02%) REST
5 17 (8.02%) Servlets
6 15 (7.08%) Web Services
7 11 (5.19%) Spring
8 10 (4.72%) Java EE
8 10 (4.72%) jQuery
8 10 (4.72%) Middleware
9 9 (4.25%) Apache Camel
9 9 (4.25%) Hibernate
9 9 (4.25%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 3 (1.42%) JSON
11 2 (0.94%) 802.1X
11 2 (0.94%) JDBC
11 2 (0.94%) SailPoint
Miscellaneous
1 37 (17.45%) Public Cloud
2 35 (16.51%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
3 32 (15.09%) Analytical Skills
4 30 (14.15%) Security Operations Centre
5 21 (9.91%) Data Centre
6 18 (8.49%) Enterprise Software
7 17 (8.02%) Management Information System
8 15 (7.08%) Self-Motivation
9 14 (6.60%) Cyber Defence
10 13 (6.13%) CESG
10 13 (6.13%) Computer Science
11 9 (4.25%) Cyberthreat
11 9 (4.25%) Fintech
12 4 (1.89%) Linux Command Line
13 3 (1.42%) CESG CLAS
13 3 (1.42%) Enterprise Storage
13 3 (1.42%) Hybrid Cloud
13 3 (1.42%) Smart Meter
13 3 (1.42%) Smartcard
14 2 (0.94%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 41 (19.34%) Windows
2 20 (9.43%) Linux
3 18 (8.49%) Unix
4 7 (3.30%) Windows Server
5 5 (2.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (1.42%) CentOS
6 3 (1.42%) Debian
6 3 (1.42%) Kali Linux
6 3 (1.42%) Ubuntu
6 3 (1.42%) Windows Server 2012
7 2 (0.94%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.47%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 72 (33.96%) SIEM
2 54 (25.47%) Cybersecurity
2 54 (25.47%) Data Loss Prevention
3 50 (23.58%) Identity Access Management
4 49 (23.11%) Security Operations
5 43 (20.28%) Problem-Solving
6 38 (17.92%) Vulnerability Management
7 35 (16.51%) Information Security
8 31 (14.62%) Use Case
9 30 (14.15%) Threat Management
10 29 (13.68%) ITIL
10 29 (13.68%) SDLC
11 27 (12.74%) DevOps
12 26 (12.26%) Security Architecture
13 25 (11.79%) Risk Management
14 24 (11.32%) Cryptography
15 23 (10.85%) Continuous Integration
16 21 (9.91%) Mentoring
17 20 (9.43%) TOGAF
18 18 (8.49%) Identity Management
Programming Languages
1 38 (17.92%) Java
2 35 (16.51%) PowerShell
3 33 (15.57%) SQL
4 24 (11.32%) C
5 18 (8.49%) Python
6 17 (8.02%) Shell Script
7 12 (5.66%) C#
8 11 (5.19%) PL/SQL
9 10 (4.72%) JavaScript
9 10 (4.72%) Ruby
10 9 (4.25%) Perl
11 6 (2.83%) Bash Shell
12 5 (2.36%) C++
12 5 (2.36%) Go
13 3 (1.42%) VBScript
14 2 (0.94%) BeanShell
14 2 (0.94%) Java 8
15 1 (0.47%) Solidity
15 1 (0.47%) VB
Qualifications
1 39 (18.40%) CISSP
2 25 (11.79%) CISM
3 23 (10.85%) Security Cleared
4 16 (7.55%) Degree
5 14 (6.60%) CISA
5 14 (6.60%) GIAC
5 14 (6.60%) Numerate Degree
5 14 (6.60%) SANS
6 13 (6.13%) CCNP
6 13 (6.13%) Cisco Certification
6 13 (6.13%) SSCP
7 11 (5.19%) CESG Certified Professional
7 11 (5.19%) CompTIA Security+
7 11 (5.19%) CSSLP
7 11 (5.19%) DV Cleared
8 9 (4.25%) CCDP
8 9 (4.25%) CCIE
8 9 (4.25%) CCIE Security
8 9 (4.25%) JNCIE
9 8 (3.77%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (16.04%) PCI DSS
2 21 (9.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 20 (9.43%) GDPR
4 9 (4.25%) COBIT
4 9 (4.25%) QA
5 5 (2.36%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 4 (1.89%) Cyber Essentials
7 3 (1.42%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 2 (0.94%) ISAE 3402
System Software
1 68 (32.08%) Active Directory
2 27 (12.74%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (8.02%) Hyper-V
4 11 (5.19%) Docker
5 9 (4.25%) Apache Flume
5 9 (4.25%) HDFS
6 4 (1.89%) Snort
6 4 (1.89%) vSphere
7 3 (1.42%) pfSense
7 3 (1.42%) VMware NSX
7 3 (1.42%) XenApp
8 2 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.94%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.47%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.47%) etcd
9 1 (0.47%) NFS
Systems Management
1 31 (14.62%) QRadar
2 23 (10.85%) Single Sign-On
3 8 (3.77%) Kubernetes
4 5 (2.36%) FortiGate
5 4 (1.89%) Ansible
5 4 (1.89%) Consul
5 4 (1.89%) Oracle Identity Management
5 4 (1.89%) SCOrch
6 3 (1.42%) Nessus
6 3 (1.42%) OpenVAS
6 3 (1.42%) OSSEC
7 2 (0.94%) Puppet
7 2 (0.94%) vCenter Server
8 1 (0.47%) Cisco CME
8 1 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.47%) Forefront Identity Manager
8 1 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
8 1 (0.47%) Terraform
8 1 (0.47%) vMotion
8 1 (0.47%) vRealize
Vendors
1 57 (26.89%) Microsoft
2 36 (16.98%) VMware
3 33 (15.57%) Splunk
4 30 (14.15%) Qualys
5 24 (11.32%) Cisco
6 17 (8.02%) ForgeRock
6 17 (8.02%) Google
7 15 (7.08%) Oracle
8 13 (6.13%) Juniper
9 11 (5.19%) Forcepoint
10 9 (4.25%) Cloudera
11 8 (3.77%) HP
12 7 (3.30%) CheckPoint
13 5 (2.36%) McAfee
13 5 (2.36%) Meraki
13 5 (2.36%) Red Hat
13 5 (2.36%) WatchGuard
14 4 (1.89%) AlienVault
14 4 (1.89%) Fortinet
14 4 (1.89%) LogRhythm