Period
to 27 May 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 27 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
England > London
6 months to
27 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 600 620 658
Rank change year-on-year +20 +38 +44
Permanent jobs citing PKI 152 215 171
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.26% 0.31% 0.25%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.58% 0.67% 0.56%
Number of salaries quoted 118 171 130
London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £59,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +1.69% -1.67%
10th Percentile £47,125 £45,000 £38,475
90th Percentile £97,500 £86,250 £79,350
England median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £57,500

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 26,375 31,925 30,799
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 45.38% 46.05% 44.73%
Number of salaries quoted 20,911 24,887 24,959
London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - +4.35%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £33,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £92,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in London

PKI
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI in London.

Salary trend for PKI in London

PKI
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in London over the 6 months to 27 May 2019.

Salary histogram for PKI in London

PKI
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the London region over the 6 months to 27 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +20 30 £60,000 +4.35% 1
West London +43 20 £55,000 +15.79%
South London - 1 £37,500 -
PKI
England

For the 6 months to 27 May 2019, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PKI.

1 90 (59.21%) Agile Software Development
2 75 (49.34%) Microsoft
3 60 (39.47%) Active Directory
4 59 (38.82%) PowerShell
5 57 (37.50%) Windows
6 55 (36.18%) Firewall
7 52 (34.21%) Microsoft Azure
8 50 (32.89%) Windows Server
9 44 (28.95%) Linux
10 42 (27.63%) Python
11 41 (26.97%) Hyper-V
12 40 (26.32%) JavaScript
13 39 (25.66%) Amazon AWS
14 38 (25.00%) DevOps
15 37 (24.34%) Migration
15 37 (24.34%) Test Automation
16 36 (23.68%) VMware
17 35 (23.03%) SQL
18 33 (21.71%) Hybrid Cloud
19 32 (21.05%) ITIL
20 31 (20.39%) DNS
21 30 (19.74%) DHCP
21 30 (19.74%) Finance
21 30 (19.74%) Office 365
21 30 (19.74%) Windows Server 2012
22 29 (19.08%) MongoDB
22 29 (19.08%) RabbitMQ
22 29 (19.08%) Elasticsearch
22 29 (19.08%) PostgreSQL
23 28 (18.42%) Java

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (19.08%) Elasticsearch
2 16 (10.53%) SharePoint
3 10 (6.58%) Confluence
3 10 (6.58%) MS Exchange
4 6 (3.95%) Anypoint
4 6 (3.95%) Mule
5 2 (1.32%) Apache
5 2 (1.32%) Ethereum
5 2 (1.32%) JBoss
5 2 (1.32%) Oracle HTTP Server
5 2 (1.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 2 (1.32%) WebLogic
6 1 (0.66%) Exchange Server 2013
6 1 (0.66%) Hyperledger
6 1 (0.66%) IIS
6 1 (0.66%) OpenStack
6 1 (0.66%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 6 (3.95%) Microsoft Excel
1 6 (3.95%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 6 (3.95%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (1.32%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.66%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.66%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 52 (34.21%) Microsoft Azure
2 39 (25.66%) Amazon AWS
3 30 (19.74%) Office 365
4 22 (14.47%) PaaS
5 15 (9.87%) IaaS
6 14 (9.21%) Dynamics 365
7 12 (7.89%) AWS CloudFormation
8 11 (7.24%) OpenShift
9 9 (5.92%) Slack
10 6 (3.95%) Google Cloud Platform
11 4 (2.63%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 3 (1.97%) Amazon EC2
12 3 (1.97%) Cloud Computing
13 2 (1.32%) Azure Active Directory
14 1 (0.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 1 (0.66%) Amazon S3
14 1 (0.66%) Amazon SQS
14 1 (0.66%) Azure Stack
14 1 (0.66%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 55 (36.18%) Firewall
2 31 (20.39%) DNS
3 30 (19.74%) DHCP
4 25 (16.45%) Network Security
5 15 (9.87%) IPsec
6 8 (5.26%) SSL
6 8 (5.26%) VPN
6 8 (5.26%) Wireless
7 7 (4.61%) SAN
8 6 (3.95%) BGP
8 6 (3.95%) Broadband
8 6 (3.95%) Cisco ASA
8 6 (3.95%) Cisco IOS
8 6 (3.95%) Ethernet
8 6 (3.95%) MPLS
8 6 (3.95%) OSPF
8 6 (3.95%) SNMP
8 6 (3.95%) TCP/IP
8 6 (3.95%) VoIP
8 6 (3.95%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (19.08%) MongoDB
1 29 (19.08%) PostgreSQL
2 27 (17.76%) SQL Server
3 22 (14.47%) MySQL
4 14 (9.21%) NoSQL
5 9 (5.92%) Big Data
6 6 (3.95%) Hadoop
6 6 (3.95%) Relational Database
7 5 (3.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 5 (3.29%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 2 (1.32%) Blockchain
9 1 (0.66%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 14 (9.21%) Jenkins
2 10 (6.58%) JIRA
3 9 (5.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 9 (5.92%) Bitbucket
3 9 (5.92%) JMeter
3 9 (5.92%) Selenium
4 7 (4.61%) GoCD
5 6 (3.95%) Appcelerator Titanium
6 4 (2.63%) Git (software)
7 2 (1.32%) GitLab
8 1 (0.66%) Bitbucket Server
8 1 (0.66%) Gradle
8 1 (0.66%) Maven
8 1 (0.66%) Metasploit
8 1 (0.66%) Octopus Deploy
8 1 (0.66%) Snyk
8 1 (0.66%) SonarQube
8 1 (0.66%) TeamCity
8 1 (0.66%) Travis CI
General
1 30 (19.74%) Finance
2 7 (4.61%) Banking
3 6 (3.95%) Retail
4 5 (3.29%) Front Office
5 2 (1.32%) Advertising
6 1 (0.66%) Billing
6 1 (0.66%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 44 (28.95%) Architect
2 28 (18.42%) Developer
3 18 (11.84%) Administrator
3 18 (11.84%) Security Engineer
4 16 (10.53%) Infrastructure Specialist
4 16 (10.53%) Security Architect
4 16 (10.53%) Systems Administrator
5 14 (9.21%) Wintel Administrator
5 14 (9.21%) Wintel Systems Administrator
6 13 (8.55%) Cloud Architect
7 12 (7.89%) Enterprise Architect
7 12 (7.89%) IT Manager
7 12 (7.89%) IT Security Manager
7 12 (7.89%) Security Manager
7 12 (7.89%) Technical Architect
7 12 (7.89%) Technical Developer
7 12 (7.89%) Windows Infrastructure Specialist
7 12 (7.89%) Windows Specialist
8 10 (6.58%) Cloud Engineer
8 10 (6.58%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (19.08%) RabbitMQ
2 26 (17.11%) JSON
3 15 (9.87%) REST
3 15 (9.87%) RESTful
4 9 (5.92%) .NET
5 8 (5.26%) HTML
5 8 (5.26%) Node.js
5 8 (5.26%) React
5 8 (5.26%) SOAP
5 8 (5.26%) Web Services
6 7 (4.61%) .NET Framework
6 7 (4.61%) AngularJS
6 7 (4.61%) CSS
6 7 (4.61%) Entity Framework
7 6 (3.95%) Apache Cordova
7 6 (3.95%) ASP.NET
7 6 (3.95%) Ember.js
7 6 (3.95%) SignalR
7 6 (3.95%) Twitter Bootstrap
7 6 (3.95%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 33 (21.71%) Hybrid Cloud
2 23 (15.13%) Public Cloud
3 21 (13.82%) Greenfield Project
4 20 (13.16%) Management Information System
5 15 (9.87%) Data Centre
6 14 (9.21%) Fintech
7 12 (7.89%) Clustering
8 8 (5.26%) Enterprise Cloud
9 6 (3.95%) Algorithms
10 5 (3.29%) Analytical Skills
10 5 (3.29%) Cloud Native
11 4 (2.63%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 4 (2.63%) Fat Client
11 4 (2.63%) Thin Client
12 3 (1.97%) Equities
12 3 (1.97%) Fixed Income
13 1 (0.66%) Cyberthreat
13 1 (0.66%) Data Protection Act
13 1 (0.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 1 (0.66%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 57 (37.50%) Windows
2 50 (32.89%) Windows Server
3 44 (28.95%) Linux
4 30 (19.74%) Windows Server 2012
5 26 (17.11%) Windows Server 2008
6 18 (11.84%) Windows 10
7 8 (5.26%) FreeBSD
7 8 (5.26%) Unix
8 6 (3.95%) Android
8 6 (3.95%) Apple iOS
8 6 (3.95%) Mac OS
9 2 (1.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (1.32%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.66%) Kali Linux
10 1 (0.66%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 90 (59.21%) Agile Software Development
2 38 (25.00%) DevOps
3 37 (24.34%) Migration
3 37 (24.34%) Test Automation
4 32 (21.05%) ITIL
5 25 (16.45%) Cybersecurity
5 25 (16.45%) Scrum
6 23 (15.13%) Information Security
7 20 (13.16%) Identity Management
8 19 (12.50%) Vulnerability Management
9 18 (11.84%) Change Management
9 18 (11.84%) Computer Science
9 18 (11.84%) IT Strategy
10 17 (11.18%) Root Cause Analysis
11 16 (10.53%) Data Science
11 16 (10.53%) SIEM
12 15 (9.87%) High Availability
13 14 (9.21%) Load Balancing
14 13 (8.55%) Multithreading
14 13 (8.55%) Service Management
Programming Languages
1 59 (38.82%) PowerShell
2 42 (27.63%) Python
3 40 (26.32%) JavaScript
4 35 (23.03%) SQL
5 28 (18.42%) Java
6 23 (15.13%) Go
7 17 (11.18%) Ruby
8 14 (9.21%) Bash Shell
9 12 (7.89%) C++
10 11 (7.24%) C
11 9 (5.92%) C#
12 6 (3.95%) Apex Code
13 3 (1.97%) Perl
14 2 (1.32%) TypeScript
15 1 (0.66%) Kotlin
15 1 (0.66%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 20 (13.16%) Degree
2 14 (9.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (6.58%) CISSP
3 10 (6.58%) Microsoft Certification
4 9 (5.92%) CISM
4 9 (5.92%) MCSE
4 9 (5.92%) Security Cleared
5 8 (5.26%) CEH
6 6 (3.95%) SANS
7 5 (3.29%) CREST Certified
7 5 (3.29%) GIAC
8 4 (2.63%) CISA
9 2 (1.32%) DV Cleared
9 2 (1.32%) PhD
10 1 (0.66%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.66%) CGEIT
10 1 (0.66%) ISSAP
10 1 (0.66%) MCP
10 1 (0.66%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (10.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 7 (4.61%) PCI DSS
3 3 (1.97%) GDPR
3 3 (1.97%) ISAE 3402
4 1 (0.66%) COBIT
4 1 (0.66%) Cyber Essentials
4 1 (0.66%) QA
4 1 (0.66%) SLA
System Software
1 60 (39.47%) Active Directory
2 41 (26.97%) Hyper-V
3 18 (11.84%) Docker
3 18 (11.84%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (11.84%) XenApp
4 1 (0.66%) BitLocker
4 1 (0.66%) Terminal Services
4 1 (0.66%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.66%) Virtual Servers
4 1 (0.66%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 28 (18.42%) SCCM
2 27 (17.76%) Ansible
3 22 (14.47%) Kubernetes
3 22 (14.47%) Puppet
4 15 (9.87%) Nagios
5 11 (7.24%) Terraform
6 10 (6.58%) Opscode Chef
7 9 (5.92%) Host Intrusion Detection System
7 9 (5.92%) HP SiteScope
7 9 (5.92%) Packer
7 9 (5.92%) ZABBIX
8 8 (5.26%) Nessus
8 8 (5.26%) Network Intrusion Detection System
8 8 (5.26%) Rundeck
9 7 (4.61%) Cisco CUCM
10 6 (3.95%) Cisco Prime
10 6 (3.95%) Microsoft Clustering
10 6 (3.95%) SCOM
11 2 (1.32%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
12 1 (0.66%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 75 (49.34%) Microsoft
2 36 (23.68%) VMware
3 18 (11.84%) Citrix
4 12 (7.89%) Google
4 12 (7.89%) Salesforce.com
5 11 (7.24%) Cisco
6 10 (6.58%) Splunk
7 9 (5.92%) Perforce
7 9 (5.92%) SaltStack
8 7 (4.61%) CA
9 6 (3.95%) Appcelerator
9 6 (3.95%) Fortinet
9 6 (3.95%) MuleSoft
10 5 (3.29%) Palo Alto
11 2 (1.32%) Oracle
11 2 (1.32%) Red Hat
11 2 (1.32%) WorldPay
12 1 (0.66%) Dell
12 1 (0.66%) HP
12 1 (0.66%) IBM