Period
to 23 October 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 23 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
England > London
6 months to
23 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 592 671 689
Rank change year-on-year +79 +18 +28
Permanent jobs citing PKI 230 176 171
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.34% 0.24% 0.22%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.69% 0.47% 0.48%
Number of salaries quoted 187 143 140
London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - -7.69% -
10th Percentile £45,000 £43,400 £46,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £95,000 £80,000
England median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £57,000
% change year-on-year - +0.88% -0.87%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 33,169 37,719 35,769
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 48.74% 50.53% 46.88%
Number of salaries quoted 25,881 26,878 30,388
London median annual salary £64,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.67% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £90,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in London

PKI
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI in London.

Salary trend for PKI in London

PKI
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in London over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Salary histogram for PKI in London

PKI
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the London region over the 6 months to 23 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -5 54 £54,806 -4.69% 9
West London +39 14 £55,000 +22.22% 7
East London -1 3 £61,975 +54.94% 1
South London - 2 - -
PKI
England

For the 6 months to 23 October 2018, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PKI.

1 108 (46.96%) Firewall
2 105 (45.65%) Windows
3 100 (43.48%) Active Directory
4 99 (43.04%) Microsoft
5 86 (37.39%) PowerShell
6 75 (32.61%) Windows Server
7 74 (32.17%) DNS
8 71 (30.87%) VMware
9 70 (30.43%) Network Security
10 67 (29.13%) DHCP
11 63 (27.39%) Finance
11 63 (27.39%) Microsoft Azure
12 62 (26.96%) Hyper-V
13 61 (26.52%) Cybersecurity
14 59 (25.65%) Office 365
14 59 (25.65%) Agile Software Development
15 58 (25.22%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 56 (24.35%) DevOps
17 53 (23.04%) SIEM
18 51 (22.17%) Windows Server 2012
19 48 (20.87%) SCCM
19 48 (20.87%) Scrum
20 47 (20.43%) Windows Server 2008
21 46 (20.00%) Vulnerability Management
21 46 (20.00%) Linux
22 43 (18.70%) Splunk
23 41 (17.83%) Data Centre
24 40 (17.39%) Amazon AWS
25 39 (16.96%) Qualys
26 38 (16.52%) SCOM

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (9.57%) MS Exchange
2 20 (8.70%) IIS
3 15 (6.52%) SharePoint
4 13 (5.65%) Apache
5 9 (3.91%) OpenStack
6 8 (3.48%) Confluence
7 5 (2.17%) Apache Spark
7 5 (2.17%) Elasticsearch
7 5 (2.17%) Tomcat
8 3 (1.30%) nginx
9 2 (0.87%) CMS
9 2 (0.87%) Skype for Business
10 1 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.43%) Drupal
10 1 (0.43%) Ethereum
10 1 (0.43%) Exchange Server 2010
10 1 (0.43%) Hyperledger
10 1 (0.43%) WebSphere
Applications
1 6 (2.61%) MS Visio
2 5 (2.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (2.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.87%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.43%) Distributed Ledger
1 1 (0.43%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 63 (27.39%) Microsoft Azure
2 59 (25.65%) Office 365
3 40 (17.39%) Amazon AWS
4 12 (5.22%) IaaS
4 12 (5.22%) PaaS
5 10 (4.35%) Dynamics 365
6 9 (3.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 8 (3.48%) Azure Active Directory
7 8 (3.48%) Mimecast
8 6 (2.61%) Amazon EC2
8 6 (2.61%) Amazon S3
8 6 (2.61%) Amazon SQS
8 6 (2.61%) AWS CloudFormation
9 4 (1.74%) Google Cloud Platform
9 4 (1.74%) SaaS
10 3 (1.30%) Mailgun
11 1 (0.43%) Cloud Computing
11 1 (0.43%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 108 (46.96%) Firewall
2 74 (32.17%) DNS
3 70 (30.43%) Network Security
4 67 (29.13%) DHCP
5 20 (8.70%) Skype
6 15 (6.52%) IPsec
7 14 (6.09%) TCP/IP
8 12 (5.22%) Intrusion Detection
9 11 (4.78%) Ethernet
9 11 (4.78%) VPN
10 10 (4.35%) Internet
10 10 (4.35%) SSH
11 9 (3.91%) LAN
11 9 (3.91%) SAN
11 9 (3.91%) WAN
11 9 (3.91%) X.509
12 8 (3.48%) Cisco ASA
12 8 (3.48%) SSL
12 8 (3.48%) VoIP
13 7 (3.04%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (10.00%) SQL Server
2 18 (7.83%) Big Data
3 9 (3.91%) MongoDB
4 6 (2.61%) Amazon RDS
4 6 (2.61%) Hadoop
5 5 (2.17%) Apache Accumulo
5 5 (2.17%) Apache Hive
5 5 (2.17%) Impala
5 5 (2.17%) MySQL
5 5 (2.17%) Sqoop
6 3 (1.30%) Blockchain
6 3 (1.30%) PostgreSQL
6 3 (1.30%) SQL Server 2016
7 2 (0.87%) Oracle Database
7 2 (0.87%) SQL Server 2008
7 2 (0.87%) SQL Server 2014
7 2 (0.87%) VoltDB
8 1 (0.43%) CouchDB
8 1 (0.43%) MariaDB
8 1 (0.43%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 15 (6.52%) JIRA
2 10 (4.35%) Jenkins
3 9 (3.91%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 9 (3.91%) Git (software)
3 9 (3.91%) Octopus Deploy
4 6 (2.61%) TeamCity
5 4 (1.74%) Fiddler
6 3 (1.30%) Bitbucket
7 2 (0.87%) Maven
7 2 (0.87%) MSI
7 2 (0.87%) SonarQube
7 2 (0.87%) Subversion
8 1 (0.43%) Vagrant
General
1 63 (27.39%) Finance
2 24 (10.43%) Banking
3 12 (5.22%) Financial Institution
3 12 (5.22%) Investment Banking
4 9 (3.91%) Legal
5 8 (3.48%) Law
6 7 (3.04%) Retail
7 5 (2.17%) Military
7 5 (2.17%) Telecoms
8 4 (1.74%) Electronics
8 4 (1.74%) Pharmaceutical
9 2 (0.87%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.87%) Marketing
10 1 (0.43%) Advertising
10 1 (0.43%) Back Office
10 1 (0.43%) Billing
Job Titles
1 52 (22.61%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 43 (18.70%) Consultant
3 37 (16.09%) Security Consultant
4 26 (11.30%) Architect
5 21 (9.13%) IT Consultant
5 21 (9.13%) IT Security Consultant
6 18 (7.83%) Exchange Engineer
7 17 (7.39%) Administrator
7 17 (7.39%) Server Engineer
7 17 (7.39%) Systems Administrator
8 16 (6.96%) Security Architect
8 16 (6.96%) Windows Engineer
9 15 (6.52%) Software Engineer
9 15 (6.52%) Windows Infrastructure Engineer
9 15 (6.52%) Windows Server Engineer
10 13 (5.65%) Security Engineer
11 12 (5.22%) Analyst
11 12 (5.22%) DevOps Engineer
11 12 (5.22%) Wintel Administrator
11 12 (5.22%) Wintel Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12 (5.22%) Spring
2 10 (4.35%) Java EE
2 10 (4.35%) jQuery
2 10 (4.35%) Middleware
2 10 (4.35%) SAML
3 9 (3.91%) Apache Camel
3 9 (3.91%) Hibernate
4 7 (3.04%) LDAP
4 7 (3.04%) XML
5 6 (2.61%) OAuth
6 5 (2.17%) Twitter Bootstrap
7 4 (1.74%) 802.1X
7 4 (1.74%) AngularJS
7 4 (1.74%) HTML
7 4 (1.74%) Node.js
7 4 (1.74%) OpenID
7 4 (1.74%) REST
7 4 (1.74%) Servlets
7 4 (1.74%) Web Services
8 3 (1.30%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 41 (17.83%) Data Centre
2 37 (16.09%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
3 33 (14.35%) Security Operations Centre
4 21 (9.13%) Analytical Skills
4 21 (9.13%) Public Cloud
5 20 (8.70%) Management Information System
6 16 (6.96%) Cyberthreat
7 11 (4.78%) Computer Science
7 11 (4.78%) Self-Motivation
8 6 (2.61%) Enterprise Software
8 6 (2.61%) Fintech
9 5 (2.17%) Smart Meter
9 5 (2.17%) Smartcard
10 4 (1.74%) Algorithms
10 4 (1.74%) Clustering
10 4 (1.74%) Cyberattack
10 4 (1.74%) Private Cloud
11 3 (1.30%) CESG
11 3 (1.30%) Media Streaming
11 3 (1.30%) Online Banking
Operating Systems
1 105 (45.65%) Windows
2 75 (32.61%) Windows Server
3 51 (22.17%) Windows Server 2012
4 47 (20.43%) Windows Server 2008
5 46 (20.00%) Linux
6 33 (14.35%) Windows 10
7 8 (3.48%) Unix
8 4 (1.74%) CentOS
8 4 (1.74%) Windows 7
9 3 (1.30%) OpenBSD
9 3 (1.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (1.30%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.43%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 61 (26.52%) Cybersecurity
2 59 (25.65%) Agile Software Development
3 58 (25.22%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 56 (24.35%) DevOps
5 53 (23.04%) SIEM
6 48 (20.87%) Scrum
7 46 (20.00%) Vulnerability Management
8 37 (16.09%) Security Operations
9 36 (15.65%) Migration
10 34 (14.78%) Data Loss Prevention
11 31 (13.48%) Threat Management
12 30 (13.04%) Problem-Solving
13 28 (12.17%) Information Security
13 28 (12.17%) ITIL
14 26 (11.30%) Risk Management
15 25 (10.87%) SDLC
16 19 (8.26%) Cryptography
17 18 (7.83%) Continuous Integration
17 18 (7.83%) Network Virtualisation
18 15 (6.52%) Patch Management
Programming Languages
1 86 (37.39%) PowerShell
2 25 (10.87%) Java
3 22 (9.57%) Python
4 18 (7.83%) SQL
5 16 (6.96%) C#
6 14 (6.09%) C
7 13 (5.65%) C++
8 12 (5.22%) Perl
9 11 (4.78%) Bash Shell
9 11 (4.78%) JavaScript
10 10 (4.35%) Shell Script
11 9 (3.91%) Ruby
12 7 (3.04%) Go
12 7 (3.04%) PL/SQL
13 2 (0.87%) Java 8
14 1 (0.43%) PHP
14 1 (0.43%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 27 (11.74%) Degree
2 20 (8.70%) CISSP
3 16 (6.96%) Microsoft Certification
3 16 (6.96%) Security Cleared
4 15 (6.52%) MCSE
5 11 (4.78%) CISM
5 11 (4.78%) Numerate Degree
6 10 (4.35%) DV Cleared
7 9 (3.91%) CCNP
7 9 (3.91%) CISA
7 9 (3.91%) Cisco Certification
8 8 (3.48%) SANS
9 7 (3.04%) SC Cleared
10 6 (2.61%) AWS Certification
11 5 (2.17%) CCNA
11 5 (2.17%) CSSLP
11 5 (2.17%) GIAC
12 4 (1.74%) Computer Science Degree
12 4 (1.74%) Master's Degree
13 3 (1.30%) CESG Certified Professional
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (9.57%) GDPR
1 22 (9.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 20 (8.70%) PCI DSS
3 11 (4.78%) Cyber Essentials
4 4 (1.74%) FIPS 140-2
4 4 (1.74%) QA
4 4 (1.74%) SLA
5 3 (1.30%) COBIT
6 2 (0.87%) Basel III
6 2 (0.87%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 2 (0.87%) ISAE 3402
6 2 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 2 (0.87%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.43%) Data Quality
System Software
1 100 (43.48%) Active Directory
2 62 (26.96%) Hyper-V
3 34 (14.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (7.39%) XenApp
5 16 (6.96%) Docker
6 6 (2.61%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (2.61%) vSphere
7 5 (2.17%) Apache Flume
7 5 (2.17%) HDFS
7 5 (2.17%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (1.74%) BitLocker
9 3 (1.30%) Microsoft App-V
9 3 (1.30%) XenDesktop
10 2 (0.87%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.43%) NFS
11 1 (0.43%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 48 (20.87%) SCCM
2 38 (16.52%) SCOM
3 33 (14.35%) QRadar
4 14 (6.09%) Single Sign-On
5 11 (4.78%) Nessus
6 9 (3.91%) Kubernetes
7 8 (3.48%) Ansible
8 6 (2.61%) Consul
8 6 (2.61%) Nagios
9 5 (2.17%) Cisco CUCM
9 5 (2.17%) Cisco Prime
9 5 (2.17%) WSUS
10 4 (1.74%) Backup Exec
11 3 (1.30%) Failover Clustering
11 3 (1.30%) Host Intrusion Detection System
11 3 (1.30%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.87%) Control-M
12 2 (0.87%) Microsoft Clustering
12 2 (0.87%) Puppet
12 2 (0.87%) SolarWinds Orion
Vendors
1 99 (43.04%) Microsoft
2 71 (30.87%) VMware
3 43 (18.70%) Splunk
4 39 (16.96%) Qualys
5 25 (10.87%) Cisco
6 21 (9.13%) Citrix
7 7 (3.04%) CA
7 7 (3.04%) Oracle
8 6 (2.61%) Atlassian
8 6 (2.61%) Cloudera
8 6 (2.61%) ForgeRock
8 6 (2.61%) New Relic
8 6 (2.61%) SolarWinds
8 6 (2.61%) Trend Micro
9 5 (2.17%) CheckPoint
9 5 (2.17%) Fortinet
10 4 (1.74%) HP
10 4 (1.74%) Red Hat
10 4 (1.74%) Symantec
10 4 (1.74%) Veritas