Period
to 21 August 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
England > London
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 593 659 715
Rank change year-on-year +66 +56 +29
Permanent jobs citing PKI 228 180 187
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 0.33% 0.24% 0.23%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.68% 0.49% 0.49%
Number of salaries quoted 178 147 147
London median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% -4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £45,000 £37,950 £46,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £88,750 £80,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 33,591 36,674 38,481
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 48.62% 49.65% 47.69%
Number of salaries quoted 25,992 26,751 32,718
London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £96,250 £92,500 £87,500
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in London

PKI
Salary Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI in London.

Salary trend for PKI in London

PKI
Salary Histogram in London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in London over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for PKI in London

PKI
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the London region over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -33 34 £57,500 +33.72% 8
West London +25 5 £55,000 +25.71% 5
North London +9 3 £60,000 +9.09%
East London +2 3 £61,975 -43.66% 3
South London - 2 - -
PKI
England

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for PKI.

1 94 (41.23%) Firewall
2 89 (39.04%) Active Directory
3 81 (35.53%) Microsoft
4 79 (34.65%) Network Security
5 75 (32.89%) Microsoft Azure
6 66 (28.95%) SIEM
6 66 (28.95%) PowerShell
6 66 (28.95%) Windows
7 61 (26.75%) Cybersecurity
8 57 (25.00%) VMware
9 54 (23.68%) DNS
9 54 (23.68%) Vulnerability Management
9 54 (23.68%) Data Loss Prevention
10 53 (23.25%) Security Operations
11 49 (21.49%) Amazon AWS
12 47 (20.61%) Splunk
12 47 (20.61%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 46 (20.18%) DHCP
14 45 (19.74%) QRadar
15 44 (19.30%) Qualys
15 44 (19.30%) Security Operations Centre
16 43 (18.86%) Hyper-V
16 43 (18.86%) Office 365
16 43 (18.86%) Threat Management
17 42 (18.42%) DevOps
18 41 (17.98%) Windows Server
18 41 (17.98%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 38 (16.67%) VMware Infrastructure
19 38 (16.67%) Finance
19 38 (16.67%) Agile Software Development

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (12.28%) IIS
2 17 (7.46%) MS Exchange
3 13 (5.70%) Apache
3 13 (5.70%) Tomcat
4 10 (4.39%) Apache Spark
4 10 (4.39%) Elasticsearch
5 7 (3.07%) OpenStack
5 7 (3.07%) SharePoint
6 5 (2.19%) CMS
6 5 (2.19%) Confluence
7 3 (1.32%) nginx
8 2 (0.88%) Skype for Business
9 1 (0.44%) Drupal
9 1 (0.44%) Ethereum
9 1 (0.44%) Hyperledger
9 1 (0.44%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.44%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.88%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.44%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 75 (32.89%) Microsoft Azure
2 49 (21.49%) Amazon AWS
3 43 (18.86%) Office 365
4 14 (6.14%) Azure Active Directory
5 13 (5.70%) IaaS
5 13 (5.70%) Mimecast
5 13 (5.70%) PaaS
6 12 (5.26%) Google Cloud Platform
7 10 (4.39%) Dynamics 365
8 8 (3.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 6 (2.63%) AWS CloudFormation
10 5 (2.19%) Amazon EC2
10 5 (2.19%) Amazon S3
10 5 (2.19%) Amazon SQS
10 5 (2.19%) SaaS
11 3 (1.32%) Mailgun
12 1 (0.44%) Cloud Computing
12 1 (0.44%) Fastly
12 1 (0.44%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 94 (41.23%) Firewall
2 79 (34.65%) Network Security
3 54 (23.68%) DNS
4 46 (20.18%) DHCP
5 16 (7.02%) HTTP
5 16 (7.02%) IPsec
6 14 (6.14%) TCP/IP
6 14 (6.14%) VPN
7 12 (5.26%) Kerberos
7 12 (5.26%) Wireshark
8 9 (3.95%) X.509
9 7 (3.07%) Internet
9 7 (3.07%) Intrusion Detection
9 7 (3.07%) IPv6
9 7 (3.07%) LAN
9 7 (3.07%) Skype
9 7 (3.07%) WAN
10 6 (2.63%) Ethernet
10 6 (2.63%) SSL
10 6 (2.63%) TACACS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (7.89%) Big Data
2 15 (6.58%) MongoDB
3 14 (6.14%) SQL Server
4 11 (4.82%) Hadoop
5 10 (4.39%) Apache Accumulo
5 10 (4.39%) Apache Hive
5 10 (4.39%) Impala
5 10 (4.39%) Sqoop
6 5 (2.19%) Amazon RDS
7 3 (1.32%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (1.32%) SQL Server 2016
8 2 (0.88%) Blockchain
8 2 (0.88%) Oracle Database
8 2 (0.88%) SQL Server 2008
8 2 (0.88%) SQL Server 2014
8 2 (0.88%) VoltDB
9 1 (0.44%) BigchainDB
9 1 (0.44%) MariaDB
9 1 (0.44%) Redis
9 1 (0.44%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 13 (5.70%) JIRA
2 12 (5.26%) Fiddler
3 8 (3.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 8 (3.51%) Git (software)
3 8 (3.51%) Jenkins
3 8 (3.51%) Octopus Deploy
4 5 (2.19%) TeamCity
5 3 (1.32%) Bitbucket
6 2 (0.88%) Maven
6 2 (0.88%) MSI
6 2 (0.88%) Subversion
7 1 (0.44%) CircleCI
7 1 (0.44%) Vagrant
General
1 38 (16.67%) Finance
2 20 (8.77%) Banking
3 12 (5.26%) Financial Institution
3 12 (5.26%) Investment Banking
4 10 (4.39%) Military
5 9 (3.95%) Telecoms
6 5 (2.19%) Legal
7 4 (1.75%) Electronics
8 3 (1.32%) Law
8 3 (1.32%) Retail
9 2 (0.88%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.44%) Advertising
10 1 (0.44%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.44%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 57 (25.00%) Consultant
2 48 (21.05%) Security Consultant
3 38 (16.67%) Architect
4 34 (14.91%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 29 (12.72%) IT Consultant
5 29 (12.72%) IT Security Consultant
6 20 (8.77%) Software Engineer
7 19 (8.33%) Security Architect
8 18 (7.89%) Azure Engineer
9 16 (7.02%) Security Engineer
10 15 (6.58%) Active Directory Engineer
10 15 (6.58%) Cybersecurity Consultant
10 15 (6.58%) Managing Consultant
10 15 (6.58%) Senior Consultant
10 15 (6.58%) Senior Security Consultant
11 13 (5.70%) Senior IT Consultant
11 13 (5.70%) Senior IT Security Consultant
11 13 (5.70%) Technical Architect
12 10 (4.39%) Analyst
12 10 (4.39%) Senior Scrum Master
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (11.40%) OpenID
2 22 (9.65%) SAML
3 20 (8.77%) OAuth
4 16 (7.02%) Spring
5 15 (6.58%) Java EE
5 15 (6.58%) jQuery
5 15 (6.58%) Middleware
6 14 (6.14%) Apache Camel
6 14 (6.14%) Hibernate
6 14 (6.14%) XML
7 13 (5.70%) LDAP
8 12 (5.26%) HTML
8 12 (5.26%) REST
8 12 (5.26%) Servlets
9 11 (4.82%) Web Services
10 10 (4.39%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 5 (2.19%) Node.js
12 4 (1.75%) AngularJS
13 3 (1.32%) .NET Core
13 3 (1.32%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 47 (20.61%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
2 44 (19.30%) Security Operations Centre
3 32 (14.04%) Public Cloud
4 29 (12.72%) Analytical Skills
5 24 (10.53%) Data Centre
6 17 (7.46%) Management Information System
7 15 (6.58%) Cyberthreat
8 12 (5.26%) Computer Science
8 12 (5.26%) Enterprise Software
8 12 (5.26%) Self-Motivation
9 9 (3.95%) CESG
10 8 (3.51%) Fintech
11 4 (1.75%) Clustering
11 4 (1.75%) Private Cloud
12 3 (1.32%) CESG CLAS
12 3 (1.32%) Cyber Defence
12 3 (1.32%) Enterprise Storage
12 3 (1.32%) Media Streaming
13 2 (0.88%) Cyberattack
13 2 (0.88%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 66 (28.95%) Windows
2 41 (17.98%) Windows Server
3 32 (14.04%) Linux
4 26 (11.40%) Windows Server 2012
5 23 (10.09%) Windows Server 2008
6 20 (8.77%) Windows 10
7 15 (6.58%) Unix
8 4 (1.75%) CentOS
9 3 (1.32%) OpenBSD
9 3 (1.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (1.32%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.88%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.44%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 66 (28.95%) SIEM
2 61 (26.75%) Cybersecurity
3 54 (23.68%) Data Loss Prevention
3 54 (23.68%) Vulnerability Management
4 53 (23.25%) Security Operations
5 43 (18.86%) Threat Management
6 42 (18.42%) DevOps
7 41 (17.98%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 38 (16.67%) Agile Software Development
9 34 (14.91%) Problem-Solving
10 33 (14.47%) SDLC
11 31 (13.60%) Identity Access Management
12 30 (13.16%) Information Security
13 28 (12.28%) Scrum
14 24 (10.53%) Continuous Integration
15 21 (9.21%) Migration
15 21 (9.21%) Risk Management
15 21 (9.21%) Software Engineering
16 20 (8.77%) Cryptography
16 20 (8.77%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 66 (28.95%) PowerShell
2 37 (16.23%) Java
3 33 (14.47%) SQL
4 27 (11.84%) Python
5 19 (8.33%) C
6 16 (7.02%) C#
6 16 (7.02%) JavaScript
7 15 (6.58%) Perl
7 15 (6.58%) Ruby
7 15 (6.58%) Shell Script
8 12 (5.26%) Bash Shell
8 12 (5.26%) C++
8 12 (5.26%) PL/SQL
9 7 (3.07%) Go
10 2 (0.88%) Java 8
11 1 (0.44%) PHP
11 1 (0.44%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 26 (11.40%) Degree
2 23 (10.09%) CISSP
3 20 (8.77%) Security Cleared
4 17 (7.46%) Numerate Degree
5 15 (6.58%) CISM
6 13 (5.70%) DV Cleared
7 9 (3.95%) CISA
8 8 (3.51%) MCSE
8 8 (3.51%) Microsoft Certification
9 7 (3.07%) CCNP
9 7 (3.07%) CESG Certified Professional
9 7 (3.07%) Cisco Certification
9 7 (3.07%) CSSLP
10 6 (2.63%) SANS
10 6 (2.63%) SC Cleared
10 6 (2.63%) SSCP
11 5 (2.19%) AWS Certification
11 5 (2.19%) GIAC
12 4 (1.75%) CompTIA Security+
12 4 (1.75%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (8.33%) GDPR
1 19 (8.33%) PCI DSS
2 16 (7.02%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (2.63%) Cyber Essentials
4 5 (2.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 5 (2.19%) QA
5 3 (1.32%) COBIT
5 3 (1.32%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 2 (0.88%) FIPS 140-2
6 2 (0.88%) ISAE 3402
6 2 (0.88%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.44%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.44%) SLA
System Software
1 89 (39.04%) Active Directory
2 43 (18.86%) Hyper-V
3 38 (16.67%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (6.14%) Docker
5 10 (4.39%) Apache Flume
5 10 (4.39%) HDFS
5 10 (4.39%) XenApp
6 5 (2.19%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (2.19%) vSphere
7 3 (1.32%) BitLocker
7 3 (1.32%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.88%) Microsoft App-V
8 2 (0.88%) VMware NSX
8 2 (0.88%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.44%) etcd
9 1 (0.44%) NFS
Systems Management
1 45 (19.74%) QRadar
2 17 (7.46%) SCCM
2 17 (7.46%) Single Sign-On
3 11 (4.82%) SCOM
4 8 (3.51%) Ansible
4 8 (3.51%) Kubernetes
5 6 (2.63%) Consul
6 3 (1.32%) Failover Clustering
6 3 (1.32%) Host Intrusion Detection System
6 3 (1.32%) Oracle Identity Management
6 3 (1.32%) SCOrch
6 3 (1.32%) ZABBIX
7 2 (0.88%) Control-M
7 2 (0.88%) Microsoft Clustering
7 2 (0.88%) Puppet
7 2 (0.88%) Terraform
8 1 (0.44%) Nagios
8 1 (0.44%) Nessus
8 1 (0.44%) Simpana
8 1 (0.44%) WSUS
Vendors
1 81 (35.53%) Microsoft
2 57 (25.00%) VMware
3 47 (20.61%) Splunk
4 44 (19.30%) Qualys
5 18 (7.89%) Cisco
6 15 (6.58%) Oracle
7 12 (5.26%) ForgeRock
7 12 (5.26%) Google
8 11 (4.82%) Cloudera
9 10 (4.39%) Citrix
10 5 (2.19%) Atlassian
10 5 (2.19%) Meraki
10 5 (2.19%) New Relic
10 5 (2.19%) Trend Micro
11 4 (1.75%) CheckPoint
11 4 (1.75%) Dell
11 4 (1.75%) Forcepoint
11 4 (1.75%) Red Hat
12 3 (1.32%) Juniper
12 3 (1.32%) Symantec