Period
to 25 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 25 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
England > London
6 months to
25 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 82 91 127
Rank change year-on-year +9 +36 +48
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,065 398 866
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 3.15% 2.97% 2.24%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.46% 3.32% 2.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 791 268 589
10th Percentile £413 £350 £375
25th Percentile £500 £425 £460
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £679 £625 £638
90th Percentile £775 £725 £727
England median daily rate £550 £500 £513
% change year-on-year +10.00% -2.44% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 5
10th Percentile £33.18 " £20.85
25th Percentile £34.35 " £21.00
Median hourly rate £36.75 £19.00 £21.56
Median % change year-on-year +93.42% -11.87% -66.83%
75th Percentile £50.06 " £50.00
90th Percentile £68.63 " £140.00
England median hourly rate £60.00 £63.75 £50.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% +27.50% -

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 30,806 11,975 34,407
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 91.13% 89.37% 89.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,156 8,547 25,060
10th Percentile £363 £325 £325
25th Percentile £450 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £513 £513
Median % change year-on-year +7.32% -0.15% +2.65%
75th Percentile £650 £625 £600
90th Percentile £735 £713 £688
England median daily rate £513 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.84% +0.05% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 292 115 390
10th Percentile £14.38 £13.06 £12.04
25th Percentile £20.62 £19.49 £15.25
Median hourly rate £34.69 £33.50 £22.17
Median % change year-on-year +3.55% +51.14% +8.12%
75th Percentile £52.50 £45.88 £43.75
90th Percentile £66.43 £53.90 £53.00
England median hourly rate £24.27 £26.00 £22.97
% change year-on-year -6.65% +13.22% +17.77%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in London.

Daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in London over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in London.

Hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cybersecurity in London over the 6 months to 25 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in London

Cybersecurity
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the London region over the 6 months to 25 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -28 99 £560 +12.00% 80
West London -8 18 £550 +7.32% 36
South London +8 10 £577 +15.40% 4
East London -21 2 - - 18
Cybersecurity
England

For the 6 months to 25 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 333 (31.27%) Finance
2 270 (25.35%) Information Security
3 262 (24.60%) Azure
4 231 (21.69%) Agile Software Development
5 197 (18.50%) Social Skills
6 192 (18.03%) CISSP
6 192 (18.03%) AWS
7 174 (16.34%) Security Cleared
8 163 (15.31%) Risk Management
9 149 (13.99%) SC Cleared
10 145 (13.62%) DevOps
11 143 (13.43%) Banking
12 131 (12.30%) Python
13 126 (11.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 120 (11.27%) Windows
15 117 (10.99%) NIST
16 116 (10.89%) Linux
16 116 (10.89%) Security Architecture
17 112 (10.52%) SIEM
18 110 (10.33%) Security Operations
18 110 (10.33%) Firewall
19 107 (10.05%) Microsoft
20 102 (9.58%) Identity Access Management
20 102 (9.58%) GCP
21 100 (9.39%) CISM
22 97 (9.11%) Degree
23 93 (8.73%) Network Security
23 93 (8.73%) Stakeholder Management
24 87 (8.17%) Java
25 86 (8.08%) Project Management

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (3.29%) Confluence
2 23 (2.16%) SharePoint
3 20 (1.88%) Apache
4 16 (1.50%) OpenStack
5 9 (0.85%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (0.56%) Tomcat
7 5 (0.47%) nginx
8 3 (0.28%) IIS
9 2 (0.19%) Apache Spark
9 2 (0.19%) Appian
9 2 (0.19%) SharePoint Server
10 1 (0.094%) Apache Airflow
10 1 (0.094%) Camunda
10 1 (0.094%) Drupal
10 1 (0.094%) IBM Notes
10 1 (0.094%) Jetty
10 1 (0.094%) SAS
10 1 (0.094%) Site Server
Applications
1 21 (1.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (1.22%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (1.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 6 (0.56%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.094%) Figma
5 1 (0.094%) InVision
5 1 (0.094%) Sketch
5 1 (0.094%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 12 (1.13%) Sentinel
2 6 (0.56%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 1 (0.094%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 262 (24.60%) Azure
2 192 (18.03%) AWS
3 102 (9.58%) GCP
4 69 (6.48%) Microsoft 365
5 60 (5.63%) SaaS
6 47 (4.41%) IaaS
7 36 (3.38%) PaaS
8 30 (2.82%) Azure Active Directory
9 24 (2.25%) Serverless
10 22 (2.07%) Power Platform
11 20 (1.88%) OpenShift
12 15 (1.41%) AWS CloudFormation
13 13 (1.22%) GitHub
14 10 (0.94%) Azure Sentinel
14 10 (0.94%) Cloud Computing
15 7 (0.66%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 7 (0.66%) Google Workspace
16 5 (0.47%) Akamai
16 5 (0.47%) Amazon EC2
16 5 (0.47%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 110 (10.33%) Firewall
2 93 (8.73%) Network Security
3 52 (4.88%) DNS
4 32 (3.00%) TCP/IP
5 30 (2.82%) Internet
5 30 (2.82%) WAN
6 27 (2.54%) VPN
7 24 (2.25%) SSL
8 23 (2.16%) LAN
9 22 (2.07%) DHCP
10 18 (1.69%) Intrusion Detection
11 15 (1.41%) Wi-Fi
12 14 (1.31%) SD-WAN
13 12 (1.13%) HTTP
14 8 (0.75%) IPv6
14 8 (0.75%) SAN
14 8 (0.75%) VLAN
15 7 (0.66%) IPv4
16 6 (0.56%) DMZ
16 6 (0.56%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (3.19%) Big Data
2 21 (1.97%) Power BI
3 14 (1.31%) SQL Server
4 13 (1.22%) Data Lake
5 12 (1.13%) MySQL
6 11 (1.03%) Hadoop
7 8 (0.75%) PostgreSQL
8 7 (0.66%) MongoDB
8 7 (0.66%) Tableau
9 5 (0.47%) Couchbase
9 5 (0.47%) Qlik Sense
9 5 (0.47%) Relational Database
10 4 (0.38%) Blockchain
11 3 (0.28%) Amazon RDS
11 3 (0.28%) Data Warehouse
12 2 (0.19%) Apache Cassandra
12 2 (0.19%) Data Mart
12 2 (0.19%) Data Mining
12 2 (0.19%) DataStax
12 2 (0.19%) Impala
Development Applications
1 61 (5.73%) JIRA
2 42 (3.94%) Jenkins
3 28 (2.63%) Git (software)
4 22 (2.07%) Sonatype Nexus
5 12 (1.13%) GitLab
6 10 (0.94%) Maven
7 9 (0.85%) SonarQube
8 7 (0.66%) Artifactory
8 7 (0.66%) Bitbucket
8 7 (0.66%) Snyk
9 5 (0.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 4 (0.38%) Gradle
10 4 (0.38%) Selenium
10 4 (0.38%) Visual Studio
11 3 (0.28%) Arsenale Dataplane
11 3 (0.28%) CircleCI
11 3 (0.28%) Metasploit
11 3 (0.28%) TestRail
12 2 (0.19%) Cypress.io
12 2 (0.19%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 333 (31.27%) Finance
2 197 (18.50%) Social Skills
3 143 (13.43%) Banking
4 82 (7.70%) Public Sector
5 44 (4.13%) Legal
6 43 (4.04%) Analytical Skills
7 38 (3.57%) Telecoms
8 31 (2.91%) Presentation Skills
9 22 (2.07%) Law
10 17 (1.60%) Marketing
11 16 (1.50%) Investment Banking
12 15 (1.41%) Influencing Skills
13 13 (1.22%) Financial Institution
13 13 (1.22%) Games
14 11 (1.03%) Organisational Skills
15 9 (0.85%) Retail Banking
16 8 (0.75%) International Banking
16 8 (0.75%) Manufacturing
17 6 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
18 5 (0.47%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 220 (20.66%) Architect
2 152 (14.27%) Security Architect
3 148 (13.90%) Analyst
4 142 (13.33%) Security Engineer
5 97 (9.11%) Consultant
6 81 (7.61%) Security Manager
7 77 (7.23%) Security Consultant
8 72 (6.76%) Security Analyst
9 67 (6.29%) Cybersecurity Manager
10 65 (6.10%) Project Manager
11 50 (4.69%) Developer
12 47 (4.41%) Cybersecurity Analyst
13 45 (4.23%) Business Analyst
13 45 (4.23%) Cloud Architect
14 44 (4.13%) Cybersecurity Architect
15 37 (3.47%) Cloud Engineer
16 34 (3.19%) Cybersecurity Engineer
16 34 (3.19%) DevOps Engineer
17 32 (3.00%) Security Specialist
18 31 (2.91%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 32 (3.00%) OAuth
2 30 (2.82%) Kafka
3 24 (2.25%) SAML
4 23 (2.16%) Web Services
5 21 (1.97%) .NET
6 19 (1.78%) React
7 18 (1.69%) SailPoint
8 17 (1.60%) AngularJS
8 17 (1.60%) Middleware
9 16 (1.50%) Flask
10 15 (1.41%) OAuth2
11 14 (1.31%) Apache NiFi
11 14 (1.31%) REST
12 13 (1.22%) Django
13 12 (1.13%) LDAP
13 12 (1.13%) OpenID
13 12 (1.13%) Vue.js
14 11 (1.03%) RESTful
15 10 (0.94%) JWT
16 9 (0.85%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 67 (6.29%) Management Information System
2 39 (3.66%) Data Protection Act
3 31 (2.91%) Cyberthreat
3 31 (2.91%) Public Cloud
4 21 (1.97%) Security Operations Centre
4 21 (1.97%) Self-Motivation
5 20 (1.88%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 19 (1.78%) Hybrid Cloud
7 17 (1.60%) Cyber Defence
7 17 (1.60%) Cyberattack
8 16 (1.50%) Data Centre
8 16 (1.50%) PKI
9 14 (1.31%) Cloud Native
10 10 (0.94%) CESG
10 10 (0.94%) User Experience
10 10 (0.94%) Virtual Team
11 9 (0.85%) N-Tier
12 8 (0.75%) CESG CLAS
12 8 (0.75%) Hedge funds
13 7 (0.66%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 120 (11.27%) Windows
2 116 (10.89%) Linux
3 28 (2.63%) Windows Server
4 27 (2.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 20 (1.88%) Unix
5 20 (1.88%) Windows 10
6 9 (0.85%) Mac OS
7 6 (0.56%) Android
7 6 (0.56%) Apple iOS
7 6 (0.56%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.56%) Windows 7
8 5 (0.47%) Debian
9 3 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
9 3 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.19%) AIX
10 2 (0.19%) CentOS
10 2 (0.19%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 2 (0.19%) Windows 8
10 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2016
10 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 270 (25.35%) Information Security
2 231 (21.69%) Agile Software Development
3 163 (15.31%) Risk Management
4 145 (13.62%) DevOps
5 116 (10.89%) Security Architecture
6 112 (10.52%) SIEM
7 110 (10.33%) Security Operations
8 102 (9.58%) Identity Access Management
9 93 (8.73%) Stakeholder Management
10 86 (8.08%) Project Management
11 84 (7.89%) Vulnerability Management
12 77 (7.23%) Data Protection
13 70 (6.57%) Analytics
14 68 (6.38%) Scrum
15 60 (5.63%) Threat Modelling
16 58 (5.45%) SDLC
17 57 (5.35%) Threat Intelligence
18 55 (5.16%) Project Delivery
19 54 (5.07%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
19 54 (5.07%) Use Case
Programming Languages
1 131 (12.30%) Python
2 87 (8.17%) Java
3 60 (5.63%) JavaScript
4 57 (5.35%) PowerShell
5 45 (4.23%) SQL
6 29 (2.72%) C++
7 20 (1.88%) C
8 19 (1.78%) C#
9 14 (1.31%) Bash Shell
10 10 (0.94%) Go
11 6 (0.56%) VBA
12 5 (0.47%) Ruby
13 4 (0.38%) Perl
14 3 (0.28%) PHP
14 3 (0.28%) Rust
14 3 (0.28%) Search Processing Language
14 3 (0.28%) VB.NET
15 2 (0.19%) ES6
15 2 (0.19%) Scala
15 2 (0.19%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 192 (18.03%) CISSP
2 174 (16.34%) Security Cleared
3 149 (13.99%) SC Cleared
4 100 (9.39%) CISM
5 97 (9.11%) Degree
6 43 (4.04%) DV Cleared
7 39 (3.66%) CRISC
8 38 (3.57%) CISA
9 29 (2.72%) Cisco Certification
10 27 (2.54%) CESG Certified Professional
10 27 (2.54%) SANS
11 26 (2.44%) GIAC
12 21 (1.97%) AWS Certification
12 21 (1.97%) CREST Certified
13 20 (1.88%) FFIEC
14 17 (1.60%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 17 (1.60%) PMP
15 16 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
16 15 (1.41%) Microsoft Certification
17 12 (1.13%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 126 (11.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 117 (10.99%) NIST
3 69 (6.48%) GDPR
4 38 (3.57%) GRC
4 38 (3.57%) PCI DSS
5 30 (2.82%) Cyber Essentials
5 30 (2.82%) NCSC
6 25 (2.35%) NIST 800
7 22 (2.07%) QA
8 21 (1.97%) PMO
8 21 (1.97%) SOC 2
9 19 (1.78%) COBIT
10 14 (1.31%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 13 (1.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 10 (0.94%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 9 (0.85%) RMADS
14 8 (0.75%) JSP 440
15 5 (0.47%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 5 (0.47%) GLBA
16 4 (0.38%) ITGC
System Software
1 73 (6.85%) Active Directory
2 72 (6.76%) Docker
3 44 (4.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (2.82%) Hyper-V
5 11 (1.03%) vCloud
6 6 (0.56%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.56%) VMware Workstation
7 5 (0.47%) iptables
8 4 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.28%) BitLocker
9 3 (0.28%) KVM
9 3 (0.28%) Xen
10 2 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.094%) Firmware
11 1 (0.094%) NFS
11 1 (0.094%) vSphere
11 1 (0.094%) XenApp
11 1 (0.094%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 86 (8.08%) Kubernetes
2 84 (7.89%) Terraform
3 61 (5.73%) Ansible
4 26 (2.44%) Single Sign-On
5 19 (1.78%) Puppet
6 17 (1.60%) Microsoft Intune
7 16 (1.50%) QRadar
8 13 (1.22%) CSIRT
9 9 (0.85%) Nessus
9 9 (0.85%) Prometheus
10 7 (0.66%) Grafana
10 7 (0.66%) RSA Archer
11 6 (0.56%) Kibana
12 5 (0.47%) Consul
12 5 (0.47%) Fluentd
12 5 (0.47%) HAProxy
12 5 (0.47%) Jamf Pro
12 5 (0.47%) Network Intrusion Detection System
12 5 (0.47%) SCCM
12 5 (0.47%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 107 (10.05%) Microsoft
2 69 (6.48%) VMware
3 62 (5.82%) Splunk
4 58 (5.45%) Google
5 41 (3.85%) Cisco
6 38 (3.57%) Red Hat
7 22 (2.07%) CyberArk
8 17 (1.60%) McAfee
9 15 (1.41%) Palo Alto
10 14 (1.31%) CA
10 14 (1.31%) Oracle
11 10 (0.94%) ArcSight
11 10 (0.94%) F5
12 9 (0.85%) Citrix
12 9 (0.85%) ServiceNow
13 8 (0.75%) Atlassian
13 8 (0.75%) Databricks
13 8 (0.75%) Qualys
13 8 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
13 8 (0.75%) Symantec