Period
to 24 July 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Protection Act in contract job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Protection Act (DPA)
England > London
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 223 376 564
Rank change year-on-year +153 +188 +19
Contract jobs citing Data Protection Act 357 10 35
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.20% 0.062% 0.086%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.58% 0.18% 0.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 335 10 27
10th Percentile £400 £274 £176
25th Percentile £463 £283 £300
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £388 £425
Median % change year-on-year +41.94% -8.82% -5.56%
75th Percentile £650 £475 £469
90th Percentile £725 £538 £575
England median daily rate £524 £530 £425
% change year-on-year -1.18% +24.71% -0.87%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 0 3
10th Percentile £14.00 " "
25th Percentile £14.12 " £13.75
Median hourly rate £17.23 - £16.50
75th Percentile £21.50 " £24.61
90th Percentile £23.50 " £27.82
England median hourly rate £46.75 £20.00 £49.98
% change year-on-year +133.75% -59.98% +149.90%

Data Protection Act is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 9,984 5,682 13,027
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 33.53% 35.00% 32.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,054 4,164 9,314
10th Percentile £360 £325 £325
25th Percentile £450 £425 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £538 £525
Median % change year-on-year +2.33% +2.38% +1.94%
75th Percentile £675 £650 £625
90th Percentile £750 £750 £700
England median daily rate £510 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 157 89 185
10th Percentile £14.79 £13.90 £12.76
25th Percentile £20.00 £24.00 £16.25
Median hourly rate £32.50 £38.50 £24.50
Median % change year-on-year -15.58% +57.14% +2.08%
75th Percentile £46.38 £47.75 £46.85
90th Percentile £59.15 £53.75 £52.50
England median hourly rate £24.27 £25.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year -4.82% +24.39% -14.58%

Data Protection Act
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Data Protection Act as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Protection Act in London

Data Protection Act
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act in London.

Daily rate trend for Data Protection Act in London

Data Protection Act
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Protection Act in London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Data Protection Act in London

Data Protection Act
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act in London.

Hourly rate trend for Data Protection Act in London

Data Protection Act
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Protection Act in London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Protection Act in London

Data Protection Act
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Protection Act within the London region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -17 12 £414 -2.59% 5
West London +9 6 £375 +36.36%
East London - 2 £138 - 3
Data Protection Act
England

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Data Protection Act also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Data Protection Act.

1 357 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 95 (26.61%) Agile Software Development
3 86 (24.09%) Finance
4 74 (20.73%) Social Skills
5 73 (20.45%) Java
6 63 (17.65%) Python
7 58 (16.25%) JavaScript
8 57 (15.97%) DevOps
9 56 (15.69%) Banking
10 50 (14.01%) AWS
11 41 (11.48%) Azure
12 39 (10.92%) SQL
13 37 (10.36%) GCP
14 36 (10.08%) Terraform
14 36 (10.08%) TDD
15 32 (8.96%) React
16 30 (8.40%) Kubernetes
16 30 (8.40%) IaaS
16 30 (8.40%) Linux
17 29 (8.12%) GitHub
17 29 (8.12%) Cybersecurity
17 29 (8.12%) Docker
18 28 (7.84%) Microservices
18 28 (7.84%) C#
19 27 (7.56%) SDLC
20 26 (7.28%) Ansible
21 25 (7.00%) Web Services
21 25 (7.00%) Information Security
22 24 (6.72%) Google
22 24 (6.72%) HTML

Data Protection Act
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (3.92%) Tomcat
2 10 (2.80%) SharePoint
3 6 (1.68%) Apache Spark
3 6 (1.68%) Oracle Workflow
3 6 (1.68%) WebLogic
3 6 (1.68%) WebSphere
4 4 (1.12%) Confluence
5 3 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (0.84%) OpenStack
6 2 (0.56%) Apache
6 2 (0.56%) Apache Airflow
6 2 (0.56%) Camunda
6 2 (0.56%) CICS
6 2 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
6 2 (0.56%) CMS
7 1 (0.28%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 13 (3.64%) InVision
2 11 (3.08%) Figma
3 7 (1.96%) Sketch
4 5 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (1.40%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.56%) Adobe Premiere
5 2 (0.56%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.28%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.56%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 50 (14.01%) AWS
2 41 (11.48%) Azure
3 37 (10.36%) GCP
4 30 (8.40%) IaaS
5 29 (8.12%) GitHub
6 21 (5.88%) PaaS
6 21 (5.88%) Serverless
7 12 (3.36%) Azure Functions
8 8 (2.24%) AWS Lambda
9 7 (1.96%) OpenShift
9 7 (1.96%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
10 6 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
11 5 (1.40%) Microsoft 365
12 4 (1.12%) Amazon S3
13 3 (0.84%) Amazon SQS
13 3 (0.84%) AWS CloudFormation
13 3 (0.84%) AWS IoT
13 3 (0.84%) Dynamics 365
13 3 (0.84%) Power Platform
13 3 (0.84%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 6 (1.68%) Firewall
1 6 (1.68%) NAS
1 6 (1.68%) SAN
2 5 (1.40%) TCP/IP
3 3 (0.84%) HTTP
3 3 (0.84%) VPN
4 2 (0.56%) DNS
4 2 (0.56%) Internet
4 2 (0.56%) Network Security
4 2 (0.56%) SSL
5 1 (0.28%) Intranet
5 1 (0.28%) LAN
5 1 (0.28%) NetScaler
5 1 (0.28%) Telepresence
5 1 (0.28%) VoIP
5 1 (0.28%) WAN
5 1 (0.28%) Wi-Fi
5 1 (0.28%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (6.72%) Big Data
2 23 (6.44%) SQL Server
3 13 (3.64%) PostgreSQL
4 11 (3.08%) Relational Database
5 9 (2.52%) Hadoop
6 6 (1.68%) NoSQL
7 5 (1.40%) Data Warehouse
8 4 (1.12%) BigQuery
8 4 (1.12%) SQL Server 2016
8 4 (1.12%) Tableau
9 3 (0.84%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 3 (0.84%) Apache Hive
9 3 (0.84%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 3 (0.84%) Data Lake
9 3 (0.84%) MySQL
9 3 (0.84%) Parquet
9 3 (0.84%) Power BI
9 3 (0.84%) RDBMS
10 2 (0.56%) DB2
10 2 (0.56%) GIS
Development Applications
1 15 (4.20%) Git (software)
1 15 (4.20%) Jenkins
2 11 (3.08%) JIRA
2 11 (3.08%) Maven
3 9 (2.52%) Eclipse
4 8 (2.24%) Subversion
5 7 (1.96%) TeamCity
6 6 (1.68%) GitLab
6 6 (1.68%) Sonatype Nexus
7 5 (1.40%) IntelliJ
7 5 (1.40%) Mocha
7 5 (1.40%) Octopus Deploy
7 5 (1.40%) SpecFlow
8 3 (0.84%) CircleCI
8 3 (0.84%) Cypress.io
8 3 (0.84%) Hudson
9 2 (0.56%) Bitbucket
9 2 (0.56%) Cucumber
9 2 (0.56%) Jasmine
9 2 (0.56%) Visual Studio
General
1 86 (24.09%) Finance
2 74 (20.73%) Social Skills
3 56 (15.69%) Banking
4 12 (3.36%) Front Office
5 10 (2.80%) Presentation Skills
6 9 (2.52%) Investment Banking
7 7 (1.96%) Analytical Skills
7 7 (1.96%) Marketing
8 6 (1.68%) Public Sector
8 6 (1.68%) Retail Banking
9 5 (1.40%) Local Government
9 5 (1.40%) Pharmaceutical
10 4 (1.12%) Back Office
10 4 (1.12%) Legal
10 4 (1.12%) Telecoms
11 3 (0.84%) German Language
11 3 (0.84%) Influencing Skills
11 3 (0.84%) Wholesale Banking
12 2 (0.56%) Electronics
12 2 (0.56%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 105 (29.41%) Developer
2 28 (7.84%) Analyst
3 22 (6.16%) Business Analyst
4 21 (5.88%) DevOps Engineer
5 20 (5.60%) Architect
6 18 (5.04%) Designer
7 17 (4.76%) Data Engineer
8 15 (4.20%) Azure Engineer
8 15 (4.20%) C# Developer
8 15 (4.20%) Full Stack Developer
9 14 (3.92%) Project Manager
10 13 (3.64%) Java Developer
10 13 (3.64%) Solutions Architect
11 11 (3.08%) Business IT Analyst
11 11 (3.08%) IT Analyst
11 11 (3.08%) IT Business Analyst
12 10 (2.80%) Consultant
12 10 (2.80%) Python Developer
13 9 (2.52%) AWS Engineer
14 8 (2.24%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 32 (8.96%) React
2 25 (7.00%) Web Services
3 24 (6.72%) HTML
4 23 (6.44%) .NET
5 22 (6.16%) CSS
6 18 (5.04%) REST
7 16 (4.48%) Spring
8 12 (3.36%) Spring Boot
9 11 (3.08%) Node.js
10 10 (2.80%) Redux
11 9 (2.52%) .NET Core
12 8 (2.24%) RESTful
13 7 (1.96%) AngularJS
13 7 (1.96%) ASP.NET Web API
13 7 (1.96%) Visualforce
14 6 (1.68%) SOAP
14 6 (1.68%) Vue.js
15 5 (1.40%) OAuth
15 5 (1.40%) OAuth2
15 5 (1.40%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 23 (6.44%) User Experience
2 20 (5.60%) Management Information System
3 17 (4.76%) Cloud Native
4 16 (4.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 13 (3.64%) Fixed Income
6 12 (3.36%) Derivative
7 11 (3.08%) Credit Risk
8 10 (2.80%) Mobile App
9 7 (1.96%) Cyberattack
9 7 (1.96%) Data Centre
9 7 (1.96%) Equities
10 6 (1.68%) Legacy Applications
11 5 (1.40%) Chromecast
12 4 (1.12%) Client/Server
12 4 (1.12%) iSeries
12 4 (1.12%) Reference Data
12 4 (1.12%) Taxonomies
12 4 (1.12%) Video\Live Streaming
13 3 (0.84%) Hedge funds
13 3 (0.84%) Interest Rate Derivative
Operating Systems
1 30 (8.40%) Linux
2 23 (6.44%) Windows
3 17 (4.76%) Unix
4 11 (3.08%) Windows Server
5 9 (2.52%) Android
6 7 (1.96%) Apple iOS
7 6 (1.68%) Windows Server 2012
7 6 (1.68%) Windows Server 2016
8 3 (0.84%) Windows 10
9 2 (0.56%) zOS
10 1 (0.28%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 357 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 95 (26.61%) Agile Software Development
3 57 (15.97%) DevOps
4 36 (10.08%) TDD
5 29 (8.12%) Cybersecurity
6 28 (7.84%) Microservices
7 27 (7.56%) SDLC
8 25 (7.00%) Information Security
9 24 (6.72%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 23 (6.44%) Migration
10 23 (6.44%) Value Proposition
11 22 (6.16%) Continuous Integration
12 21 (5.88%) Infrastructure as Code
13 20 (5.60%) E-Commerce
13 20 (5.60%) Stakeholder Management
13 20 (5.60%) Test Automation
14 19 (5.32%) Project Management
15 18 (5.04%) Problem-Solving
15 18 (5.04%) Software Engineering
15 18 (5.04%) Vulnerability Scanning
Programming Languages
1 73 (20.45%) Java
2 63 (17.65%) Python
3 58 (16.25%) JavaScript
4 39 (10.92%) SQL
5 28 (7.84%) C#
6 18 (5.04%) Kotlin
6 18 (5.04%) TypeScript
7 14 (3.92%) Scala
8 11 (3.08%) ES6
9 10 (2.80%) PowerShell
10 8 (2.24%) C++
10 8 (2.24%) Perl
11 7 (1.96%) Bash Shell
12 6 (1.68%) Go
12 6 (1.68%) Groovy
12 6 (1.68%) Shell Script
13 5 (1.40%) Java 8
13 5 (1.40%) Objective-C
14 4 (1.12%) C
14 4 (1.12%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 23 (6.44%) Degree
2 6 (1.68%) CISSP
3 5 (1.40%) Master's Degree
3 5 (1.40%) SC Cleared
3 5 (1.40%) Security Cleared
4 3 (0.84%) CISA
4 3 (0.84%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.56%) CCNA
5 2 (0.56%) CCNP
5 2 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
6 1 (0.28%) CCA
6 1 (0.28%) CISM
6 1 (0.28%) Citrix Certification
6 1 (0.28%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.28%) NVQ Level 3
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (4.76%) QA
2 16 (4.48%) GDPR
3 4 (1.12%) Cyber Essentials
3 4 (1.12%) MiFID
3 4 (1.12%) NIST
4 3 (0.84%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.84%) GRC
4 3 (0.84%) NIST 800
4 3 (0.84%) PMO
5 1 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
5 1 (0.28%) GMP
5 1 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 1 (0.28%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.28%) RMADS
5 1 (0.28%) SLA
System Software
1 29 (8.12%) Docker
2 14 (3.92%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (2.24%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.28%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.28%) XenApp
5 1 (0.28%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 36 (10.08%) Terraform
2 30 (8.40%) Kubernetes
3 26 (7.28%) Ansible
4 12 (3.36%) Puppet
5 3 (0.84%) Docker Swarm
5 3 (0.84%) Kibana
5 3 (0.84%) logstash
5 3 (0.84%) Oozie
5 3 (0.84%) Single Sign-On
6 2 (0.56%) Opsgenie
7 1 (0.28%) SCCM
7 1 (0.28%) SCOM
7 1 (0.28%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 24 (6.72%) Google
1 24 (6.72%) Oracle
2 23 (6.44%) Microsoft
3 14 (3.92%) VMware
4 10 (2.80%) Citrix
5 7 (1.96%) Salesforce.com
6 6 (1.68%) HP
6 6 (1.68%) MuleSoft
7 5 (1.40%) Murex
7 5 (1.40%) Splunk
7 5 (1.40%) Sybase
8 4 (1.12%) New Relic
9 3 (0.84%) Alibaba
10 2 (0.56%) CheckPoint
10 2 (0.56%) F5
10 2 (0.56%) IBM
10 2 (0.56%) IronPort
10 2 (0.56%) Palo Alto
10 2 (0.56%) ServiceNow
10 2 (0.56%) SonicWALL