Period
to 28 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Protection Act in contract job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Data Protection Act over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Protection Act (DPA)
England > London
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 147 363 541
Rank change year-on-year +216 +178 +41
Contract jobs citing Data Protection Act 691 14 27
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.90% 0.097% 0.074%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 5.81% 0.27% 0.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 658 11 12
10th Percentile £406 £275 "
25th Percentile £477 £319 £300
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £400 £381
Median % change year-on-year +43.75% +4.92% -11.08%
75th Percentile £675 £509 £441
90th Percentile £738 £613 £450
England median daily rate £525 £406 £389
% change year-on-year +29.23% +4.50% -2.81%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 6
Median hourly rate £46.16 £26.22 £29.96
Median % change year-on-year +76.05% -12.48% +76.24%
England median hourly rate £60.50 £20.00 £29.96
% change year-on-year +202.50% -33.24% +76.24%

Data Protection Act is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 11,889 5,275 11,509
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 32.76% 36.73% 31.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,742 3,820 8,250
10th Percentile £363 £315 £313
25th Percentile £463 £420 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £538 £525
Median % change year-on-year +6.98% +2.38% -
75th Percentile £688 £650 £625
90th Percentile £763 £750 £713
England median daily rate £525 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +6.06% +4.21% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 141 67 156
10th Percentile £15.73 £12.76 £12.60
25th Percentile £21.00 £21.38 £16.19
Median hourly rate £32.00 £34.53 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -7.33% +53.47% +1.08%
75th Percentile £49.50 £40.75 £47.81
90th Percentile £62.75 £48.45 £52.50
England median hourly rate £24.00 £26.51 £20.50
% change year-on-year -9.47% +29.32% +0.61%

Data Protection Act
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Data Protection Act as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Protection Act in London

Data Protection Act
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act in London.

Daily rate trend for Data Protection Act in London

Data Protection Act
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Protection Act in London over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Data Protection Act in London

Data Protection Act
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Protection Act in London.

Hourly rate trend for Data Protection Act in London

Data Protection Act
Hourly Rate Histogram in London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Data Protection Act in London over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Data Protection Act in London

Data Protection Act
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Protection Act within the London region over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
East London -9 5 £288 -20.69% 1
South London - 2 £306 - 1
West London - 2 £700 - 1
Data Protection Act
England

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Data Protection Act also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Data Protection Act.

1 691 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 198 (28.65%) Agile Software Development
3 170 (24.60%) Finance
4 148 (21.42%) Social Skills
5 132 (19.10%) DevOps
6 126 (18.23%) Java
7 110 (15.92%) Python
8 94 (13.60%) AWS
9 93 (13.46%) Azure
10 89 (12.88%) Banking
11 88 (12.74%) JavaScript
12 76 (11.00%) Linux
13 75 (10.85%) SQL
14 67 (9.70%) Terraform
15 61 (8.83%) TDD
16 58 (8.39%) User Experience
17 57 (8.25%) C#
18 55 (7.96%) Microservices
18 55 (7.96%) Ansible
19 54 (7.81%) GCP
19 54 (7.81%) HTML
20 53 (7.67%) .NET
21 52 (7.53%) Migration
22 51 (7.38%) CSS
22 51 (7.38%) Value Proposition
23 49 (7.09%) Kubernetes
23 49 (7.09%) SQL Server
23 49 (7.09%) Windows
24 48 (6.95%) React
24 48 (6.95%) SDLC

Data Protection Act
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (2.75%) Apache Spark
2 17 (2.46%) Tomcat
3 10 (1.45%) Oracle Workflow
4 8 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (1.16%) SharePoint
5 6 (0.87%) Confluence
5 6 (0.87%) WebLogic
5 6 (0.87%) WebSphere
6 4 (0.58%) CMS
7 3 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
7 3 (0.43%) OpenStack
8 2 (0.29%) Apache
8 2 (0.29%) Apache Airflow
8 2 (0.29%) Camunda
8 2 (0.29%) CICS
9 1 (0.14%) Ethereum
9 1 (0.14%) SAS
Applications
1 31 (4.49%) InVision
2 25 (3.62%) Sketch
3 18 (2.60%) Figma
4 7 (1.01%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.87%) Adobe Premiere
6 4 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
7 3 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
8 2 (0.29%) MS Visio
9 1 (0.14%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.14%) Siemens NX
9 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 4 (0.58%) ION MarketView
2 3 (0.43%) ContrOCC
3 2 (0.29%) Magento
4 1 (0.14%) Endur
4 1 (0.14%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.14%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
4 1 (0.14%) Quorum
4 1 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.14%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 94 (13.60%) AWS
2 93 (13.46%) Azure
3 54 (7.81%) GCP
4 42 (6.08%) GitHub
5 41 (5.93%) IaaS
6 28 (4.05%) PaaS
6 28 (4.05%) Serverless
7 18 (2.60%) GitHub Actions
8 16 (2.32%) Amazon EC2
9 14 (2.03%) AWS Lambda
10 13 (1.88%) Azure Functions
10 13 (1.88%) Microsoft 365
10 13 (1.88%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
11 11 (1.59%) AWS CloudFormation
12 10 (1.45%) OpenShift
13 9 (1.30%) Power Platform
14 7 (1.01%) Apigee
15 6 (0.87%) Azure Active Directory
15 6 (0.87%) Collibra
16 5 (0.72%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.59%) Firewall
2 10 (1.45%) NAS
2 10 (1.45%) SAN
3 8 (1.16%) Network Security
4 7 (1.01%) TCP/IP
5 4 (0.58%) DNS
5 4 (0.58%) VPN
6 3 (0.43%) HTTP
6 3 (0.43%) Internet
6 3 (0.43%) Intranet
7 2 (0.29%) LAN
7 2 (0.29%) SSL
7 2 (0.29%) VoIP
7 2 (0.29%) WAN
7 2 (0.29%) Wireless
8 1 (0.14%) Broadband
8 1 (0.14%) DHCP
8 1 (0.14%) GPON
8 1 (0.14%) Intrusion Detection
8 1 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (7.09%) SQL Server
2 37 (5.35%) Big Data
3 25 (3.62%) PostgreSQL
4 21 (3.04%) Relational Database
5 14 (2.03%) Data Lake
5 14 (2.03%) Data Warehouse
5 14 (2.03%) Hadoop
6 13 (1.88%) NoSQL
7 12 (1.74%) SQL Server 2016
8 11 (1.59%) Apache Hive
9 10 (1.45%) SQL Server 2019
10 8 (1.16%) Power BI
10 8 (1.16%) RDBMS
10 8 (1.16%) Redis
10 8 (1.16%) Tableau
11 7 (1.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 7 (1.01%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
12 6 (0.87%) Ataccama
12 6 (0.87%) Metadata
12 6 (0.87%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 42 (6.08%) Jenkins
2 33 (4.78%) Git (software)
3 22 (3.18%) JIRA
4 20 (2.89%) Maven
4 20 (2.89%) TeamCity
5 17 (2.46%) GitLab
6 15 (2.17%) Bitbucket
7 14 (2.03%) Eclipse
7 14 (2.03%) Octopus Deploy
8 13 (1.88%) CircleCI
8 13 (1.88%) Mocha
8 13 (1.88%) Subversion
9 10 (1.45%) Jasmine
10 8 (1.16%) IntelliJ
10 8 (1.16%) SpecFlow
11 7 (1.01%) Sonatype Nexus
12 6 (0.87%) Cypress.io
12 6 (0.87%) Hudson
13 4 (0.58%) Gradle
14 3 (0.43%) Axure RP
General
1 170 (24.60%) Finance
2 148 (21.42%) Social Skills
3 89 (12.88%) Banking
4 23 (3.33%) Front Office
5 21 (3.04%) Presentation Skills
6 17 (2.46%) Analytical Skills
7 15 (2.17%) Investment Banking
8 12 (1.74%) Marketing
9 10 (1.45%) Pharmaceutical
10 8 (1.16%) Games
10 8 (1.16%) Legal
10 8 (1.16%) Telecoms
11 7 (1.01%) Public Sector
11 7 (1.01%) Retail Banking
12 6 (0.87%) Influencing Skills
13 5 (0.72%) Wholesale Banking
14 4 (0.58%) Manufacturing
14 4 (0.58%) Organisational Skills
15 3 (0.43%) Documentation Skills
15 3 (0.43%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 192 (27.79%) Developer
2 63 (9.12%) Analyst
3 56 (8.10%) Architect
4 52 (7.53%) Business Analyst
5 46 (6.66%) Designer
6 38 (5.50%) DevOps Engineer
7 36 (5.21%) Solutions Architect
8 31 (4.49%) Azure Engineer
9 29 (4.20%) Data Engineer
9 29 (4.20%) Full Stack Developer
10 27 (3.91%) Project Manager
11 26 (3.76%) C# Developer
12 24 (3.47%) Java Developer
13 21 (3.04%) Python Developer
14 20 (2.89%) Consultant
15 19 (2.75%) UX Designer
16 15 (2.17%) Cloud Engineer
16 15 (2.17%) UI Designer
17 14 (2.03%) .NET Developer
17 14 (2.03%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 54 (7.81%) HTML
2 53 (7.67%) .NET
3 51 (7.38%) CSS
4 48 (6.95%) React
5 44 (6.37%) Web Services
6 36 (5.21%) REST
7 28 (4.05%) AngularJS
8 24 (3.47%) Spring
9 21 (3.04%) ASP.NET Web API
10 20 (2.89%) .NET Core
11 19 (2.75%) Node.js
12 18 (2.60%) SOAP
12 18 (2.60%) Spring Boot
13 16 (2.32%) Jest
14 15 (2.17%) RESTful
15 12 (1.74%) Angular 2
15 12 (1.74%) Redux
15 12 (1.74%) Visualforce
16 11 (1.59%) Elastic Stack
17 10 (1.45%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 58 (8.39%) User Experience
2 25 (3.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 20 (2.89%) Cloud Native
3 20 (2.89%) Fixed Income
4 13 (1.88%) Credit Risk
4 13 (1.88%) Derivative
4 13 (1.88%) Mobile App
5 10 (1.45%) Cyberattack
5 10 (1.45%) Greenfield Project
5 10 (1.45%) Legacy Applications
5 10 (1.45%) Management Information System
6 9 (1.30%) Equities
6 9 (1.30%) Reference Data
6 9 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
7 8 (1.16%) Public Cloud
7 8 (1.16%) Taxonomies
8 7 (1.01%) Data Centre
8 7 (1.01%) Enterprise Software
8 7 (1.01%) Freedom of Information
8 7 (1.01%) Freedom of Information Act
Operating Systems
1 76 (11.00%) Linux
2 49 (7.09%) Windows
3 34 (4.92%) Unix
4 21 (3.04%) Windows Server
5 11 (1.59%) Android
6 8 (1.16%) Apple iOS
6 8 (1.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (1.16%) Windows 10
6 8 (1.16%) Windows Server 2012
7 6 (0.87%) Windows Server 2016
8 4 (0.58%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.43%) zOS
10 2 (0.29%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.14%) CentOS
11 1 (0.14%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 691 (100.00%) Data Protection
2 198 (28.65%) Agile Software Development
3 132 (19.10%) DevOps
4 61 (8.83%) TDD
5 55 (7.96%) Microservices
6 52 (7.53%) Migration
7 51 (7.38%) Value Proposition
8 48 (6.95%) SDLC
9 47 (6.80%) Stakeholder Management
10 45 (6.51%) Cybersecurity
11 43 (6.22%) Full Stack Development
12 38 (5.50%) Information Security
12 38 (5.50%) Project Management
13 37 (5.35%) Analytics
14 36 (5.21%) Workflow
15 35 (5.07%) Continuous Integration
15 35 (5.07%) Infrastructure as Code
15 35 (5.07%) Scrum
16 34 (4.92%) Software Engineering
17 32 (4.63%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 126 (18.23%) Java
2 110 (15.92%) Python
3 88 (12.74%) JavaScript
4 75 (10.85%) SQL
5 57 (8.25%) C#
6 34 (4.92%) TypeScript
7 32 (4.63%) Scala
8 24 (3.47%) Kotlin
9 23 (3.33%) C++
10 20 (2.89%) Bash Shell
10 20 (2.89%) PowerShell
11 15 (2.17%) ES6
12 10 (1.45%) Perl
13 9 (1.30%) Go
14 8 (1.16%) Java 8
15 7 (1.01%) Groovy
15 7 (1.01%) PL/SQL
15 7 (1.01%) T-SQL
16 6 (0.87%) Objective-C
16 6 (0.87%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 34 (4.92%) Degree
2 8 (1.16%) CISSP
3 6 (0.87%) Cisco Certification
3 6 (0.87%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (0.87%) Master's Degree
4 5 (0.72%) SC Cleared
4 5 (0.72%) Security Cleared
5 4 (0.58%) CCNA
5 4 (0.58%) CCNP
5 4 (0.58%) CISA
5 4 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
6 2 (0.29%) TOGAF Certification
7 1 (0.14%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.14%) CISM
7 1 (0.14%) CRISC
7 1 (0.14%) GIAC
7 1 (0.14%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
7 1 (0.14%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
7 1 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.14%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (2.46%) GDPR
1 17 (2.46%) QA
2 13 (1.88%) MiFID
3 7 (1.01%) GRC
4 6 (0.87%) Cyber Essentials
4 6 (0.87%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.72%) GMP
6 4 (0.58%) PMO
7 3 (0.43%) Basel III
7 3 (0.43%) NIST
7 3 (0.43%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
9 1 (0.14%) COBIT
9 1 (0.14%) COSO
9 1 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 45 (6.51%) Docker
2 25 (3.62%) Active Directory
3 24 (3.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.58%) OpenAM
5 3 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.43%) HDFS
6 2 (0.29%) Time Sharing Option
7 1 (0.14%) Firmware
7 1 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.14%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 67 (9.70%) Terraform
2 55 (7.96%) Ansible
3 49 (7.09%) Kubernetes
4 26 (3.76%) Puppet
5 11 (1.59%) Single Sign-On
6 9 (1.30%) Oozie
7 6 (0.87%) Docker Swarm
7 6 (0.87%) Kibana
7 6 (0.87%) logstash
8 5 (0.72%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.43%) Grafana
9 3 (0.43%) Opsgenie
10 2 (0.29%) Jamf Pro
11 1 (0.14%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 1 (0.14%) AirWatch
11 1 (0.14%) Icinga
11 1 (0.14%) Istio
11 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Intune
11 1 (0.14%) Opscode Chef
11 1 (0.14%) RSA Archer
Vendors
1 44 (6.37%) Oracle
2 35 (5.07%) Google
3 32 (4.63%) Microsoft
4 24 (3.47%) VMware
5 18 (2.60%) Salesforce.com
6 13 (1.88%) Citrix
7 12 (1.74%) Red Hat
8 10 (1.45%) Splunk
9 9 (1.30%) HP
9 9 (1.30%) Sybase
10 7 (1.01%) MuleSoft
11 6 (0.87%) Informatica
12 5 (0.72%) Murex
12 5 (0.72%) New Relic
12 5 (0.72%) ServiceNow
13 4 (0.58%) CheckPoint
13 4 (0.58%) ForgeRock
13 4 (0.58%) Palo Alto
14 3 (0.43%) CA
14 3 (0.43%) Cisco