Period
to 21 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
England > London
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 191 268 373
Rank change year-on-year +77 +105 +104
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 551 104 193
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.54% 0.74% 0.52%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.67% 2.01% 1.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 374 63 133
10th Percentile £463 £425 £509
25th Percentile £513 £525 £535
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £600 £620
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% -3.23% +12.73%
75th Percentile £706 £725 £675
90th Percentile £773 £775 £775
England median daily rate £600 £575 £600
% change year-on-year +4.35% -4.17% +13.21%

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 11,788 5,169 11,617
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 32.86% 36.71% 31.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,620 3,749 8,303
10th Percentile £363 £315 £313
25th Percentile £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £538 £525
Median % change year-on-year +6.98% +2.38% -
75th Percentile £681 £650 £625
90th Percentile £763 £750 £710
England median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 143 61 161
10th Percentile £15.73 £12.76 £12.76
25th Percentile £20.82 £22.50 £16.00
Median hourly rate £32.00 £35.00 £21.56
Median % change year-on-year -8.57% +62.34% +0.28%
75th Percentile £49.04 £41.50 £47.00
90th Percentile £61.75 £49.50 £52.50
England median hourly rate £24.06 £30.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year -19.80% +46.34% +1.43%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in London

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in London.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in London

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native in London over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in London

Cloud Native
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the London region over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -15 62 £600 +4.35% 102
South London +3 6 £650 - 4
West London -18 3 £615 -2.38% 18
East London -12 2 £704 +56.44% 18
Cloud Native
England

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 292 (52.99%) AWS
2 272 (49.36%) Azure
3 269 (48.82%) DevOps
4 255 (46.28%) Kubernetes
5 232 (42.11%) Agile Software Development
6 207 (37.57%) Microservices
7 189 (34.30%) Python
8 147 (26.68%) Terraform
9 146 (26.50%) Finance
10 135 (24.50%) Docker
11 119 (21.60%) Java
11 119 (21.60%) Software Engineering
12 117 (21.23%) Serverless
13 113 (20.51%) Infrastructure as Code
14 108 (19.60%) Social Skills
15 103 (18.69%) GCP
16 99 (17.97%) Full Stack Development
17 93 (16.88%) JavaScript
18 86 (15.61%) SQL
19 80 (14.52%) Jenkins
20 75 (13.61%) IaaS
20 75 (13.61%) C#
20 75 (13.61%) SDLC
21 72 (13.07%) Git (software)
22 71 (12.89%) Go
23 70 (12.70%) PaaS
24 69 (12.52%) .NET
25 67 (12.16%) AWS Lambda
26 63 (11.43%) Ansible
26 63 (11.43%) Google

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (5.81%) BizTalk Server
2 22 (3.99%) Apache Spark
3 16 (2.90%) Confluence
4 10 (1.81%) IIS
5 8 (1.45%) Apache
5 8 (1.45%) Apache Pig
6 7 (1.27%) Apache Airflow
6 7 (1.27%) SharePoint
7 6 (1.09%) JBoss
7 6 (1.09%) Tomcat
8 5 (0.91%) nginx
8 5 (0.91%) OpenStack
9 4 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
9 4 (0.73%) SharePoint 2010
9 4 (0.73%) SharePoint 2013
10 3 (0.54%) Elasticsearch
11 2 (0.36%) CMS
11 2 (0.36%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.36%) WebSphere
12 1 (0.18%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 5 (0.91%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.73%) SAP S/4HANA
2 2 (0.36%) Aligne
2 2 (0.36%) Endur
3 1 (0.18%) Maximo
3 1 (0.18%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 292 (52.99%) AWS
2 272 (49.36%) Azure
3 117 (21.23%) Serverless
4 103 (18.69%) GCP
5 75 (13.61%) IaaS
6 70 (12.70%) PaaS
7 67 (12.16%) AWS Lambda
8 58 (10.53%) AWS CloudFormation
9 52 (9.44%) SaaS
10 51 (9.26%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 49 (8.89%) Azure Functions
12 42 (7.62%) Azure Storage
12 42 (7.62%) GitHub
13 34 (6.17%) Azure Logic Apps
14 22 (3.99%) Amazon S3
15 21 (3.81%) Azure Active Directory
16 20 (3.63%) Amazon EC2
16 20 (3.63%) Azure Data Factory
17 17 (3.09%) Amazon SQS
17 17 (3.09%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 19 (3.45%) Firewall
2 9 (1.63%) Network Security
3 6 (1.09%) FTP
4 5 (0.91%) HTTP
4 5 (0.91%) Internet
4 5 (0.91%) NAS
4 5 (0.91%) SAN
5 4 (0.73%) AMQP
5 4 (0.73%) VPN
6 2 (0.36%) BGP
6 2 (0.36%) DNS
6 2 (0.36%) Software-Defined Networking
7 1 (0.18%) 3G
7 1 (0.18%) 5G
7 1 (0.18%) EIGRP
7 1 (0.18%) IPv6
7 1 (0.18%) NaaS
7 1 (0.18%) OSPF
7 1 (0.18%) SD-WAN
7 1 (0.18%) VRRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (9.80%) MongoDB
2 43 (7.80%) Azure SQL Database
3 41 (7.44%) NoSQL
4 31 (5.63%) Big Data
5 29 (5.26%) PostgreSQL
6 27 (4.90%) Data Lake
7 25 (4.54%) SQL Server
8 24 (4.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 22 (3.99%) Data Warehouse
10 15 (2.72%) Amazon RDS
10 15 (2.72%) Relational Database
11 14 (2.54%) MySQL
12 13 (2.36%) BigQuery
13 11 (2.00%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
14 9 (1.63%) Hadoop
15 8 (1.45%) Star Schema
16 7 (1.27%) Apache Cassandra
16 7 (1.27%) SAP HANA
17 6 (1.09%) Power BI
18 5 (0.91%) Bigtable
Development Applications
1 80 (14.52%) Jenkins
2 72 (13.07%) Git (software)
3 27 (4.90%) TeamCity
4 26 (4.72%) JIRA
5 24 (4.36%) Gradle
6 20 (3.63%) Maven
7 17 (3.09%) Selenium
8 16 (2.90%) Cucumber
9 15 (2.72%) GitLab
10 13 (2.36%) CircleCI
10 13 (2.36%) SonarQube
11 10 (1.81%) Robot Framework
11 10 (1.81%) Sonatype Nexus
11 10 (1.81%) Subversion
12 9 (1.63%) Cypress.io
13 8 (1.45%) Bitbucket
13 8 (1.45%) Mocha
14 7 (1.27%) JMeter
14 7 (1.27%) webpack
15 4 (0.73%) PowerDesigner
General
1 146 (26.50%) Finance
2 108 (19.60%) Social Skills
3 60 (10.89%) Banking
4 38 (6.90%) Presentation Skills
5 28 (5.08%) Front Office
6 20 (3.63%) Analytical Skills
7 19 (3.45%) Legal
8 16 (2.90%) Financial Institution
9 15 (2.72%) Public Sector
10 11 (2.00%) Investment Banking
11 9 (1.63%) Retail
12 8 (1.45%) Back Office
12 8 (1.45%) Influencing Skills
13 5 (0.91%) Law
14 4 (0.73%) Games
14 4 (0.73%) Telecoms
15 3 (0.54%) Manufacturing
16 2 (0.36%) Documentation Skills
16 2 (0.36%) Marketing
17 1 (0.18%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 139 (25.23%) Architect
2 106 (19.24%) Developer
3 58 (10.53%) DevOps Engineer
4 52 (9.44%) Cloud Engineer
4 52 (9.44%) Solutions Architect
5 45 (8.17%) Azure Engineer
6 40 (7.26%) Cloud Architect
7 29 (5.26%) AWS Engineer
7 29 (5.26%) C# Developer
8 26 (4.72%) AWS Architect
8 26 (4.72%) Data Engineer
9 25 (4.54%) Azure Developer
9 25 (4.54%) Software Engineer
10 23 (4.17%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 23 (4.17%) Technical Architect
11 22 (3.99%) Azure Architect
11 22 (3.99%) Full Stack Developer
12 21 (3.81%) Java Developer
12 21 (3.81%) Security Engineer
13 19 (3.45%) Energy Trading Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (12.52%) .NET
2 60 (10.89%) Kafka
3 54 (9.80%) .NET Core
4 50 (9.07%) React
5 46 (8.35%) Node.js
6 35 (6.35%) Web Services
7 28 (5.08%) REST
7 28 (5.08%) Spring
8 25 (4.54%) AngularJS
9 21 (3.81%) HTML
9 21 (3.81%) OAuth
10 18 (3.27%) CSS
10 18 (3.27%) gRPC
11 16 (2.90%) GraphQL
12 15 (2.72%) Jest
12 15 (2.72%) JSON
12 15 (2.72%) OpenID
12 15 (2.72%) Spring Boot
13 13 (2.36%) RESTful
14 12 (2.18%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 49 (8.89%) Public Cloud
2 36 (6.53%) Legacy Systems
3 22 (3.99%) CMDB
4 21 (3.81%) Data Structures
4 21 (3.81%) Legacy Applications
4 21 (3.81%) Management Information System
5 20 (3.63%) Data Centre
5 20 (3.63%) Data Protection Act
6 18 (3.27%) Greenfield Project
7 17 (3.09%) Hybrid Cloud
8 16 (2.90%) Enterprise Software
8 16 (2.90%) Hedge funds
9 12 (2.18%) Robotics
10 9 (1.63%) Credit Risk
10 9 (1.63%) Mobile App
11 8 (1.45%) Enterprise Cloud
11 8 (1.45%) Renewable Energy
11 8 (1.45%) User Experience
12 7 (1.27%) Algorithms
12 7 (1.27%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 61 (11.07%) Linux
2 49 (8.89%) Windows
3 33 (5.99%) Unix
4 8 (1.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (0.91%) Ubuntu
6 3 (0.54%) Debian
7 1 (0.18%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.18%) CentOS
7 1 (0.18%) CoreOS
7 1 (0.18%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 269 (48.82%) DevOps
2 232 (42.11%) Agile Software Development
3 207 (37.57%) Microservices
4 119 (21.60%) Software Engineering
5 113 (20.51%) Infrastructure as Code
6 99 (17.97%) Full Stack Development
7 75 (13.61%) SDLC
8 63 (11.43%) Scrum
9 58 (10.53%) Continuous Improvement
9 58 (10.53%) TDD
10 57 (10.34%) Continuous Delivery
11 55 (9.98%) Migration
12 53 (9.62%) Analytics
12 53 (9.62%) Open Source
13 49 (8.89%) Test Automation
14 46 (8.35%) Computer Science
15 44 (7.99%) Data Engineering
16 41 (7.44%) Configuration Management
17 38 (6.90%) Data Protection
18 35 (6.35%) Clean Code
Programming Languages
1 189 (34.30%) Python
2 119 (21.60%) Java
3 93 (16.88%) JavaScript
4 86 (15.61%) SQL
5 75 (13.61%) C#
6 71 (12.89%) Go
7 61 (11.07%) PowerShell
8 56 (10.16%) Bash Shell
9 43 (7.80%) C++
10 42 (7.62%) TypeScript
11 39 (7.08%) T-SQL
12 35 (6.35%) PL/SQL
13 17 (3.09%) C
14 10 (1.81%) PHP
14 10 (1.81%) Scala
15 9 (1.63%) Java 8
15 9 (1.63%) Perl
16 8 (1.45%) Ruby
17 7 (1.27%) COBOL
18 4 (0.73%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 38 (6.90%) Security Cleared
2 35 (6.35%) SC Cleared
3 18 (3.27%) Degree
4 16 (2.90%) AWS Certification
5 12 (2.18%) CISSP
6 10 (1.81%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 10 (1.81%) CCSP
6 10 (1.81%) Cisco Certification
7 9 (1.63%) Computer Science Degree
8 7 (1.27%) GIAC
9 4 (0.73%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
10 1 (0.18%) CISA
10 1 (0.18%) CISM
10 1 (0.18%) CRISC
10 1 (0.18%) CSPO
10 1 (0.18%) ISEB
10 1 (0.18%) RHCE
10 1 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (3.99%) GDPR
2 9 (1.63%) QA
3 8 (1.45%) NIST
4 4 (0.73%) SOC 2
5 2 (0.36%) Accessibility
6 1 (0.18%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.18%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.18%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.18%) PMO
6 1 (0.18%) SOC 1
System Software
1 135 (24.50%) Docker
2 22 (3.99%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.54%) HDFS
4 3 (0.54%) vCloud
5 2 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.36%) Squid
5 2 (0.36%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.18%) Ceph
6 1 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 255 (46.28%) Kubernetes
2 147 (26.68%) Terraform
3 63 (11.43%) Ansible
4 32 (5.81%) Puppet
5 23 (4.17%) Prometheus
6 18 (3.27%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (2.18%) MIIS
8 11 (2.00%) Istio
9 8 (1.45%) Consul
10 7 (1.27%) Grafana
11 6 (1.09%) Netcool
12 5 (0.91%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.54%) Kibana
13 3 (0.54%) Opsgenie
13 3 (0.54%) Rancher
14 2 (0.36%) Control-M
14 2 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
14 2 (0.36%) Kubeflow
14 2 (0.36%) vRealize
15 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 63 (11.43%) Google
2 53 (9.62%) Microsoft
2 53 (9.62%) Oracle
3 39 (7.08%) MuleSoft
4 22 (3.99%) Databricks
5 15 (2.72%) Cloudera
6 13 (2.36%) SAP
7 11 (2.00%) Splunk
8 9 (1.63%) Atlassian
8 9 (1.63%) New Relic
9 8 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
9 8 (1.45%) VMware
10 7 (1.27%) Cadence
10 7 (1.27%) Sybase
11 6 (1.09%) AppDynamics
12 5 (0.91%) Confluent
12 5 (0.91%) IBM
12 5 (0.91%) ServiceNow
13 4 (0.73%) Informatica
13 4 (0.73%) Red Hat