Period
to 1 August 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in contract job vacancies advertised in London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cloud Native
England > London
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 180 235 374
Rank change year-on-year +55 +139 +130
Contract jobs citing Cloud Native 463 148 227
As % of all contract jobs advertised in London 1.54% 0.94% 0.56%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.60% 2.68% 1.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 288 100 179
10th Percentile £454 £425 £475
25th Percentile £513 £500 £525
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £588 £575 £600
Median % change year-on-year +2.17% -4.17% +9.09%
75th Percentile £688 £666 £675
90th Percentile £763 £800 £713
England median daily rate £551 £555 £600
% change year-on-year -0.72% -7.50% +11.68%

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 10,063 5,529 12,924
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 33.41% 35.10% 32.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,094 4,065 9,237
10th Percentile £362 £325 £325
25th Percentile £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £540 £525
Median % change year-on-year +1.85% +2.86% +1.94%
75th Percentile £675 £650 £625
90th Percentile £750 £750 £700
England median daily rate £513 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 152 85 187
10th Percentile £14.27 £14.11 £12.76
25th Percentile £20.00 £24.35 £16.25
Median hourly rate £32.00 £38.50 £24.50
Median % change year-on-year -16.88% +57.14% +4.26%
75th Percentile £45.53 £47.75 £47.25
90th Percentile £58.63 £55.10 £52.70
England median hourly rate £24.47 £26.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year -7.66% +29.27% -10.68%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in London

Cloud Native
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native in London.

Daily rate trend for Cloud Native in London

Cloud Native
Daily Rate Histogram in London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native in London over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cloud Native in London

Cloud Native
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the London region over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -11 43 £550 - 52
West London +3 4 £615 -2.38% 14
South London +18 1 £475 -16.63% 7
Cloud Native
England

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the London region with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 245 (52.92%) AWS
1 245 (52.92%) Kubernetes
2 240 (51.84%) Azure
3 219 (47.30%) DevOps
4 210 (45.36%) Agile Software Development
5 193 (41.68%) Microservices
6 181 (39.09%) Python
7 137 (29.59%) Finance
8 132 (28.51%) Docker
9 122 (26.35%) Terraform
10 117 (25.27%) Java
11 115 (24.84%) Serverless
12 107 (23.11%) GCP
13 104 (22.46%) Software Engineering
14 96 (20.73%) SQL
15 93 (20.09%) Full Stack Development
16 92 (19.87%) Social Skills
17 85 (18.36%) Infrastructure as Code
18 84 (18.14%) Jenkins
19 83 (17.93%) JavaScript
20 82 (17.71%) .NET
21 81 (17.49%) Go
22 80 (17.28%) IaaS
23 78 (16.85%) C#
24 74 (15.98%) PaaS
25 70 (15.12%) Ansible
26 68 (14.69%) Git (software)
26 68 (14.69%) Linux
27 63 (13.61%) SDLC
28 61 (13.17%) AWS Lambda

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (7.99%) BizTalk Server
2 21 (4.54%) Confluence
3 14 (3.02%) Apache Spark
4 12 (2.59%) Cloud Foundry
5 9 (1.94%) nginx
6 7 (1.51%) Apache Pig
6 7 (1.51%) Elasticsearch
6 7 (1.51%) Tomcat
7 6 (1.30%) JBoss
8 4 (0.86%) Apache
8 4 (0.86%) OpenStack
8 4 (0.86%) SharePoint
8 4 (0.86%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.65%) Apache Airflow
9 3 (0.65%) SharePoint 2010
9 3 (0.65%) SharePoint 2013
10 2 (0.43%) CMS
10 2 (0.43%) IIS
10 2 (0.43%) WebLogic
11 1 (0.22%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 4 (0.86%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 3 (0.65%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.43%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.65%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.43%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.22%) Maximo
3 1 (0.22%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.22%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 245 (52.92%) AWS
2 240 (51.84%) Azure
3 115 (24.84%) Serverless
4 107 (23.11%) GCP
5 80 (17.28%) IaaS
6 74 (15.98%) PaaS
7 61 (13.17%) AWS Lambda
8 58 (12.53%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 57 (12.31%) SaaS
10 55 (11.88%) Azure Functions
11 52 (11.23%) Azure Storage
12 43 (9.29%) Azure Logic Apps
13 39 (8.42%) GitHub
14 28 (6.05%) Amazon EKS
15 24 (5.18%) AWS CloudFormation
16 20 (4.32%) Azure Data Factory
17 18 (3.89%) Amazon S3
18 15 (3.24%) OpenShift
19 14 (3.02%) Amazon EC2
20 12 (2.59%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 11 (2.38%) Firewall
2 7 (1.51%) Network Security
3 5 (1.08%) FTP
3 5 (1.08%) NAS
3 5 (1.08%) SAN
4 4 (0.86%) AMQP
4 4 (0.86%) HTTP
5 3 (0.65%) Internet
5 3 (0.65%) VPN
6 2 (0.43%) DHCP
6 2 (0.43%) DNS
6 2 (0.43%) Software-Defined Networking
7 1 (0.22%) 2G
7 1 (0.22%) 5G
7 1 (0.22%) Cisco IPT
7 1 (0.22%) LTE
7 1 (0.22%) NaaS
7 1 (0.22%) SSL
7 1 (0.22%) VLAN
7 1 (0.22%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (13.17%) MongoDB
2 52 (11.23%) Azure SQL Database
3 31 (6.70%) Big Data
4 26 (5.62%) NoSQL
5 23 (4.97%) Data Lake
6 21 (4.54%) Data Warehouse
6 21 (4.54%) SQL Server
7 14 (3.02%) PostgreSQL
8 12 (2.59%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 11 (2.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 10 (2.16%) Amazon RDS
10 10 (2.16%) BigQuery
11 8 (1.73%) Hadoop
11 8 (1.73%) Relational Database
12 7 (1.51%) Star Schema
13 6 (1.30%) Power BI
14 5 (1.08%) Apache Cassandra
14 5 (1.08%) MySQL
14 5 (1.08%) SAP HANA
15 4 (0.86%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 84 (18.14%) Jenkins
2 68 (14.69%) Git (software)
3 35 (7.56%) JIRA
4 24 (5.18%) Maven
5 16 (3.46%) CircleCI
5 16 (3.46%) Gradle
6 13 (2.81%) Sonatype Nexus
6 13 (2.81%) TeamCity
7 10 (2.16%) GitLab
8 9 (1.94%) Bitbucket
8 9 (1.94%) Subversion
9 7 (1.51%) Cucumber
9 7 (1.51%) Cypress.io
9 7 (1.51%) Selenium
9 7 (1.51%) webpack
10 6 (1.30%) Artifactory
10 6 (1.30%) Mocha
11 5 (1.08%) JUnit
11 5 (1.08%) SonarQube
12 4 (0.86%) gulp
General
1 137 (29.59%) Finance
2 92 (19.87%) Social Skills
3 47 (10.15%) Banking
4 36 (7.78%) Presentation Skills
5 19 (4.10%) Legal
6 18 (3.89%) Analytical Skills
7 14 (3.02%) Front Office
8 12 (2.59%) Financial Institution
9 9 (1.94%) Public Sector
10 8 (1.73%) Influencing Skills
11 7 (1.51%) Manufacturing
12 6 (1.30%) Games
12 6 (1.30%) Investment Banking
13 5 (1.08%) Documentation Skills
14 4 (0.86%) Law
14 4 (0.86%) Retail
14 4 (0.86%) Telecoms
15 2 (0.43%) Back Office
15 2 (0.43%) Marketing
16 1 (0.22%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 125 (27.00%) Architect
2 96 (20.73%) Developer
3 51 (11.02%) Cloud Architect
4 49 (10.58%) DevOps Engineer
5 42 (9.07%) Azure Engineer
6 37 (7.99%) Solutions Architect
7 28 (6.05%) Software Engineer
8 25 (5.40%) AWS Architect
9 24 (5.18%) C# Developer
10 23 (4.97%) Azure Developer
10 23 (4.97%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 23 (4.97%) Cloud Engineer
11 21 (4.54%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 20 (4.32%) .NET Developer
12 20 (4.32%) Azure Architect
13 18 (3.89%) Java Developer
13 18 (3.89%) Senior Developer
14 17 (3.67%) Data Engineer
15 16 (3.46%) AWS Engineer
16 15 (3.24%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (17.71%) .NET
2 61 (13.17%) .NET Core
3 52 (11.23%) Node.js
4 48 (10.37%) Kafka
5 32 (6.91%) Spring
6 31 (6.70%) React
7 27 (5.83%) AngularJS
8 23 (4.97%) OAuth
8 23 (4.97%) REST
9 19 (4.10%) Web Services
10 18 (3.89%) Spring Boot
11 16 (3.46%) OpenID
11 16 (3.46%) SPIFFE
12 13 (2.81%) GraphQL
12 13 (2.81%) RESTful
13 12 (2.59%) HTML
13 12 (2.59%) RabbitMQ
14 11 (2.38%) Hibernate
14 11 (2.38%) JSON
15 10 (2.16%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 41 (8.86%) Public Cloud
2 32 (6.91%) Legacy Systems
3 28 (6.05%) CMDB
4 26 (5.62%) Management Information System
5 24 (5.18%) Data Structures
6 20 (4.32%) Data Centre
7 18 (3.89%) Data Protection Act
8 15 (3.24%) Greenfield Project
8 15 (3.24%) Legacy Applications
9 14 (3.02%) Hybrid Cloud
10 13 (2.81%) Hedge funds
11 12 (2.59%) User Experience
12 9 (1.94%) Algorithms
12 9 (1.94%) Enterprise Software
13 7 (1.51%) Enterprise Cloud
14 5 (1.08%) Robotics
14 5 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
14 5 (1.08%) Virtual Team
15 4 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
15 4 (0.86%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 68 (14.69%) Linux
2 49 (10.58%) Windows
3 17 (3.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 12 (2.59%) Unix
5 7 (1.51%) CentOS
5 7 (1.51%) Ubuntu
6 5 (1.08%) CoreOS
7 4 (0.86%) Debian
8 2 (0.43%) Solaris
8 2 (0.43%) VMS
9 1 (0.22%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.22%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.22%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 219 (47.30%) DevOps
2 210 (45.36%) Agile Software Development
3 193 (41.68%) Microservices
4 104 (22.46%) Software Engineering
5 93 (20.09%) Full Stack Development
6 85 (18.36%) Infrastructure as Code
7 63 (13.61%) SDLC
8 58 (12.53%) Computer Science
8 58 (12.53%) Continuous Improvement
9 54 (11.66%) Continuous Delivery
10 53 (11.45%) Scrum
11 52 (11.23%) Data Engineering
12 49 (10.58%) Open Source
13 47 (10.15%) Migration
14 46 (9.94%) Information Security
15 43 (9.29%) Data Development
15 43 (9.29%) TDD
16 41 (8.86%) Continuous Integration
17 39 (8.42%) Configuration Management
18 37 (7.99%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 181 (39.09%) Python
2 117 (25.27%) Java
3 96 (20.73%) SQL
4 83 (17.93%) JavaScript
5 81 (17.49%) Go
6 78 (16.85%) C#
7 48 (10.37%) Bash Shell
8 47 (10.15%) C++
8 47 (10.15%) T-SQL
9 45 (9.72%) PL/SQL
10 33 (7.13%) PowerShell
11 18 (3.89%) TypeScript
12 13 (2.81%) C
12 13 (2.81%) Ruby
13 10 (2.16%) PHP
14 8 (1.73%) Java 8
14 8 (1.73%) Perl
14 8 (1.73%) Scala
15 6 (1.30%) Groovy
16 5 (1.08%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 31 (6.70%) Security Cleared
2 30 (6.48%) SC Cleared
3 23 (4.97%) Degree
4 13 (2.81%) AWS Certification
5 10 (2.16%) Computer Science Degree
6 9 (1.94%) CISSP
7 4 (0.86%) Cisco Certification
7 4 (0.86%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.65%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 3 (0.65%) CCSP
8 3 (0.65%) CISM
8 3 (0.65%) CRISC
9 1 (0.22%) A+ Certification
9 1 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.22%) CCNA
9 1 (0.22%) CISA
9 1 (0.22%) CSPO
9 1 (0.22%) RHCE
9 1 (0.22%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (4.32%) GDPR
2 9 (1.94%) NIST
3 6 (1.30%) QA
4 4 (0.86%) SOC 2
5 1 (0.22%) Accessibility
5 1 (0.22%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.22%) HIPAA
5 1 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.22%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.22%) SOC 1
System Software
1 132 (28.51%) Docker
2 10 (2.16%) Active Directory
3 7 (1.51%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.65%) HDFS
4 3 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.43%) Squid
5 2 (0.43%) vCloud
6 1 (0.22%) Ceph
6 1 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (0.22%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 245 (52.92%) Kubernetes
2 122 (26.35%) Terraform
3 70 (15.12%) Ansible
4 29 (6.26%) Puppet
5 28 (6.05%) Prometheus
6 23 (4.97%) Opscode Chef
7 16 (3.46%) MIIS
8 14 (3.02%) Istio
9 7 (1.51%) Grafana
10 5 (1.08%) Single Sign-On
10 5 (1.08%) vRealize
11 4 (0.86%) Knative
11 4 (0.86%) Packer
12 3 (0.65%) Argo
12 3 (0.65%) Opsgenie
12 3 (0.65%) Rancher
12 3 (0.65%) vRealize Orchestrator
13 2 (0.43%) Control-M
13 2 (0.43%) Graylog
13 2 (0.43%) Kibana
Vendors
1 61 (13.17%) Oracle
2 55 (11.88%) Google
3 42 (9.07%) MuleSoft
4 32 (6.91%) Microsoft
5 21 (4.54%) Databricks
6 14 (3.02%) Red Hat
6 14 (3.02%) VMware
7 10 (2.16%) Atlassian
7 10 (2.16%) SAP
8 9 (1.94%) IBM
9 8 (1.73%) Cloudera
9 8 (1.73%) Confluent
10 5 (1.08%) New Relic
10 5 (1.08%) ServiceNow
10 5 (1.08%) Splunk
10 5 (1.08%) Veracode
11 4 (0.86%) Salesforce.com
12 3 (0.65%) Ab Initio
12 3 (0.65%) ForgeRock
12 3 (0.65%) Sun