Period
to 20 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 98 98 122
Rank change year-on-year 0 +24 -20
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2,647 2,381 2,249
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.54% 2.50% 2.04%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 11.20% 11.13% 9.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,745 1,497 1,481
UK median daily rate £479 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.44% +2.86% +5.42%
10th Percentile £338 £313 £308
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +1.18% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 12 22
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £16.45 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +146.20% -54.31% +2.86%
10th Percentile £17.71 £10.57 £16.80
90th Percentile £60.75 £33.50 £43.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.25 £15.90 £36.00
% change year-on-year +153.14% -55.83% +2.86%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 23,629 21,399 24,289
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.68% 22.46% 22.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,489 14,220 16,270
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £280
90th Percentile £638 £619 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 268 380
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £31.00 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.84% +8.77% +14.00%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.17 £11.48
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.75 £32.00 £30.21
% change year-on-year +5.47% +5.94% +20.82%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 2,315 £500 +11.11% 689
London +18 1,348 £538 +7.50% 276
UK excluding London -19 1,277 £430 +1.18% 481
South East -8 443 £488 +11.43% 116
North of England -49 210 £400 -3.90% 138
Scotland -1 196 £400 - 43
Midlands +12 147 £425 +9.32% 66
North West 0 107 £375 -3.23% 67
Yorkshire -59 90 £425 - 51
East of England -25 85 £438 -2.23% 49
West Midlands +13 81 £440 +10.00% 44
Wales +2 80 £425 +13.33% 17
South West 0 76 £410 +2.50% 44
East Midlands -3 65 £378 +2.37% 22
Northern Ireland -4 39 £432 +2.68% 8
North East -28 13 £475 +11.11% 20
Channel Islands - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 20 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,265 (47.79%) Agile Software Development
2 1,167 (44.09%) SQL
3 1,100 (41.56%) Java
4 891 (33.66%) RDBMS
5 814 (30.75%) Oracle
6 724 (27.35%) JavaScript
7 703 (26.56%) Linux
8 654 (24.71%) SQL Server
9 636 (24.03%) Git (software)
10 591 (22.33%) Python
11 580 (21.91%) Unix
12 578 (21.84%) Finance
13 574 (21.68%) HTML
14 525 (19.83%) REST
15 497 (18.78%) TDD
16 489 (18.47%) Web Services
17 460 (17.38%) Spring
18 459 (17.34%) OO
19 457 (17.26%) CSS
20 453 (17.11%) Test Automation
21 449 (16.96%) Scrum
22 443 (16.74%) NoSQL
23 442 (16.70%) Continuous Integration
24 418 (15.79%) Jenkins
25 398 (15.04%) Problem-Solving
26 378 (14.28%) Amazon AWS
27 372 (14.05%) MySQL
28 351 (13.26%) XML
29 340 (12.84%) Microservices
30 333 (12.58%) C#

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 200 (7.56%) Apache Spark
2 162 (6.12%) Confluence
3 144 (5.44%) Apache
4 83 (3.14%) Elasticsearch
5 75 (2.83%) WebSphere
6 61 (2.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 55 (2.08%) JBoss
8 50 (1.89%) SharePoint
9 45 (1.70%) WildFly
10 42 (1.59%) Mule
11 41 (1.55%) SAS
12 40 (1.51%) Tomcat
13 39 (1.47%) WebLogic
14 36 (1.36%) CMS
15 30 (1.13%) Apache Solr
16 25 (0.94%) IIS
17 23 (0.87%) Apache Pig
17 23 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
18 21 (0.79%) Jetty
19 20 (0.76%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 96 (3.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (1.25%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (0.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 17 (0.64%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.42%) Photoshop
6 9 (0.34%) HipChat
7 7 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
9 3 (0.11%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.076%) InfoPath
10 2 (0.076%) SPSS
10 2 (0.076%) Stata
11 1 (0.038%) InVision
11 1 (0.038%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 12 (0.45%) Magento
2 10 (0.38%) ION MarketView
3 9 (0.34%) Adobe Campaign
3 9 (0.34%) SimCorp Dimension
4 8 (0.30%) SunGard Martini
5 7 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
6 6 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
7 5 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
7 5 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
7 5 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
7 5 (0.19%) Oracle iProcurement
7 5 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
7 5 (0.19%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 5 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
7 5 (0.19%) Oracle TCA
8 4 (0.15%) NetSuite
8 4 (0.15%) SAP R/3
8 4 (0.15%) thinkFolio
9 3 (0.11%) HFM
9 3 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 378 (14.28%) Amazon AWS
2 268 (10.12%) Microsoft Azure
3 51 (1.93%) GitHub
4 44 (1.66%) Amazon S3
5 41 (1.55%) Google Cloud Platform
6 32 (1.21%) Serverless
7 31 (1.17%) Amazon EC2
8 28 (1.06%) Amazon EMR
9 27 (1.02%) PaaS
10 25 (0.94%) Azure Data Factory
11 23 (0.87%) npm
11 23 (0.87%) SaaS
12 22 (0.83%) OpenShift
13 20 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
13 20 (0.76%) AWS Lambda
13 20 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
14 16 (0.60%) Amazon ELB
14 16 (0.60%) Office 365
15 15 (0.57%) Amazon SQS
16 14 (0.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 209 (7.90%) HTTP
2 64 (2.42%) TCP/IP
3 53 (2.00%) FTP
4 48 (1.81%) SSL
5 37 (1.40%) DNS
6 30 (1.13%) Internet
7 28 (1.06%) DHCP
7 28 (1.06%) IPsec
8 20 (0.76%) Kerberos
9 14 (0.53%) AMQP
10 12 (0.45%) SMS
10 12 (0.45%) VPN
11 11 (0.42%) SAN
12 9 (0.34%) Firewall
13 6 (0.23%) DVB
14 5 (0.19%) RTMP
15 4 (0.15%) DSL
15 4 (0.15%) Intranet
15 4 (0.15%) Network Security
15 4 (0.15%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 891 (33.66%) RDBMS
2 654 (24.71%) SQL Server
3 443 (16.74%) NoSQL
4 372 (14.05%) MySQL
5 293 (11.07%) Big Data
6 291 (10.99%) Data Warehouse
7 273 (10.31%) PostgreSQL
8 258 (9.75%) MongoDB
9 237 (8.95%) Hadoop
10 169 (6.38%) Oracle Database
11 136 (5.14%) Redis
12 124 (4.68%) DB2
13 122 (4.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 92 (3.48%) Apache Hive
15 89 (3.36%) Power BI
16 88 (3.32%) Apache Cassandra
17 80 (3.02%) HBase
18 68 (2.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 63 (2.38%) Data Lake
20 48 (1.81%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 636 (24.03%) Git (software)
2 418 (15.79%) Jenkins
3 235 (8.88%) JIRA
4 229 (8.65%) Maven
5 217 (8.20%) Subversion
6 211 (7.97%) JUnit
7 113 (4.27%) Mockito
8 94 (3.55%) Cucumber
9 93 (3.51%) Visual Studio
10 80 (3.02%) SonarQube
11 74 (2.80%) Selenium
12 72 (2.72%) Hudson
13 70 (2.64%) Team Foundation Server
14 61 (2.30%) Visual Studio Team System
15 60 (2.27%) Gradle
15 60 (2.27%) NUnit
16 59 (2.23%) Checkstyle
16 59 (2.23%) TeamCity
17 53 (2.00%) Liquibase
18 50 (1.89%) Eclipse
General
1 578 (21.84%) Finance
2 301 (11.37%) Banking
3 166 (6.27%) Front Office
4 153 (5.78%) Investment Banking
5 100 (3.78%) Retail
6 58 (2.19%) Marketing
7 33 (1.25%) Financial Institution
8 32 (1.21%) Telecoms
9 30 (1.13%) Back Office
9 30 (1.13%) Games
10 24 (0.91%) Advertising
11 18 (0.68%) Law
12 17 (0.64%) Manufacturing
13 15 (0.57%) Legal
14 14 (0.53%) Publishing
15 12 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
16 11 (0.42%) Billing
17 9 (0.34%) French Language
18 8 (0.30%) General Ledger
19 7 (0.26%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,609 (60.79%) Developer
2 520 (19.64%) Java Developer
3 218 (8.24%) Analyst
4 203 (7.67%) Senior Developer
5 202 (7.63%) Architect
6 185 (6.99%) Python Developer
7 158 (5.97%) .NET Developer
8 108 (4.08%) Data Engineer
8 108 (4.08%) Senior Java Developer
9 103 (3.89%) Software Engineer
10 99 (3.74%) Full Stack Developer
11 98 (3.70%) SQL Developer
12 97 (3.66%) Django Developer
12 97 (3.66%) Python/Django Developer
13 81 (3.06%) PHP Developer
14 78 (2.95%) C# Developer
14 78 (2.95%) DevOps Engineer
15 70 (2.64%) Oracle Developer
16 69 (2.61%) Agile Developer
17 67 (2.53%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 574 (21.68%) HTML
2 525 (19.83%) REST
3 489 (18.47%) Web Services
4 460 (17.38%) Spring
5 457 (17.26%) CSS
6 351 (13.26%) XML
7 332 (12.54%) .NET
8 303 (11.45%) AngularJS
9 295 (11.14%) RESTful
10 269 (10.16%) JSON
11 245 (9.26%) Hibernate
12 192 (7.25%) JMS
13 169 (6.38%) HTML5
14 164 (6.20%) Node.js
15 159 (6.01%) J2EE
15 159 (6.01%) jQuery
16 158 (5.97%) SOAP
17 153 (5.78%) Django
18 145 (5.48%) Kafka
19 139 (5.25%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 329 (12.43%) Analytical Skills
2 129 (4.87%) Computer Science
3 104 (3.93%) Algorithms
4 90 (3.40%) Enterprise Software
5 85 (3.21%) Fixed Income
5 85 (3.21%) Greenfield Project
6 80 (3.02%) Derivative
7 76 (2.87%) Data Structures
8 73 (2.76%) Linux Command Line
9 67 (2.53%) User Experience
10 60 (2.27%) Management Information System
11 58 (2.19%) Fintech
12 49 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
13 42 (1.59%) Equity Derivative
14 39 (1.47%) Equities
15 36 (1.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 30 (1.13%) Data Centre
17 29 (1.10%) Hedge funds
18 27 (1.02%) Clustering
18 27 (1.02%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 703 (26.56%) Linux
2 580 (21.91%) Unix
3 198 (7.48%) Windows
4 52 (1.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 49 (1.85%) Mac OS X
6 37 (1.40%) Windows Server
7 36 (1.36%) VMS
8 28 (1.06%) Apple iOS
9 22 (0.83%) Android
10 21 (0.79%) AIX
11 15 (0.57%) Solaris
12 13 (0.49%) Ubuntu
13 11 (0.42%) CentOS
14 8 (0.30%) Windows 7
15 6 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
15 6 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
16 5 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
16 5 (0.19%) zOS
17 3 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
17 3 (0.11%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,265 (47.79%) Agile Software Development
2 497 (18.78%) TDD
3 459 (17.34%) OO
4 453 (17.11%) Test Automation
5 449 (16.96%) Scrum
6 442 (16.70%) Continuous Integration
7 398 (15.04%) Problem-Solving
8 340 (12.84%) Microservices
9 298 (11.26%) Open Source
9 298 (11.26%) SDLC
10 282 (10.65%) MVC
11 278 (10.50%) DevOps
12 267 (10.09%) Web Development
13 265 (10.01%) ETL
14 258 (9.75%) Analytics
15 257 (9.71%) Business Intelligence
16 229 (8.65%) Software Engineering
17 224 (8.46%) BDD
17 224 (8.46%) Data Modelling
18 192 (7.25%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 1,167 (44.09%) SQL
2 1,100 (41.56%) Java
3 724 (27.35%) JavaScript
4 591 (22.33%) Python
5 333 (12.58%) C#
6 215 (8.12%) Java 8
7 176 (6.65%) Scala
8 153 (5.78%) PHP
9 140 (5.29%) Shell Script
10 127 (4.80%) Ruby
11 125 (4.72%) Perl
12 122 (4.61%) PL/SQL
13 111 (4.19%) C++
14 104 (3.93%) Bash Shell
15 88 (3.32%) T-SQL
16 70 (2.64%) TypeScript
17 68 (2.57%) PowerShell
18 66 (2.49%) R
19 61 (2.30%) C
20 53 (2.00%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 242 (9.14%) Degree
2 217 (8.20%) Security Cleared
3 170 (6.42%) SC Cleared
4 71 (2.68%) Computer Science Degree
5 55 (2.08%) BPSS Clearance
6 24 (0.91%) Master's Degree
7 21 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
8 15 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
8 15 (0.57%) Siebel Certification
9 13 (0.49%) DV Cleared
10 12 (0.45%) ISTQB
11 10 (0.38%) DBS Check
12 7 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
13 6 (0.23%) CISSP
13 6 (0.23%) ISEB
13 6 (0.23%) MCSE
14 5 (0.19%) CISM
14 5 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
15 4 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
15 4 (0.15%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 115 (4.34%) Data Quality
2 112 (4.23%) QA
3 33 (1.25%) GDPR
4 20 (0.76%) SLA
5 19 (0.72%) GCP
6 18 (0.68%) Disclosure Scotland
7 12 (0.45%) PCI DSS
8 8 (0.30%) EMIR
8 8 (0.30%) MiFID
9 7 (0.26%) Dodd-Frank
9 7 (0.26%) PMO
10 5 (0.19%) FINRA
11 3 (0.11%) ISO 20022
11 3 (0.11%) Solvency II
11 3 (0.11%) WCAG
12 2 (0.076%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 1 (0.038%) Basel II
13 1 (0.038%) COBIT
13 1 (0.038%) HL7
13 1 (0.038%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 212 (8.01%) Docker
2 52 (1.96%) Active Directory
3 38 (1.44%) HDFS
4 35 (1.32%) Virtual Machines
5 23 (0.87%) Apache Flume
6 20 (0.76%) Oracle RAC
7 19 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
8 14 (0.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 6 (0.23%) VMware Server
9 6 (0.23%) vSphere
10 4 (0.15%) etcd
11 3 (0.11%) vCloud
11 3 (0.11%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 3 (0.11%) Xen
12 2 (0.076%) LXC
12 2 (0.076%) Oracle Clusterware
12 2 (0.076%) Virtual Servers
13 1 (0.038%) KVM
13 1 (0.038%) oVirt
13 1 (0.038%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 111 (4.19%) Opscode Chef
2 92 (3.48%) Puppet
3 80 (3.02%) Ansible
4 60 (2.27%) Kubernetes
5 35 (1.32%) Terraform
6 31 (1.17%) Mesos
7 25 (0.94%) Single Sign-On
8 23 (0.87%) Marathon
9 19 (0.72%) Data Guard
9 19 (0.72%) Oozie
10 15 (0.57%) Hadoop YARN
11 11 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
11 11 (0.42%) HP Quality Center
11 11 (0.42%) Kibana
11 11 (0.42%) Rancher
12 9 (0.34%) Control-M
12 9 (0.34%) Oracle RMAN
13 7 (0.26%) ITRS Geneos
14 6 (0.23%) BladeLogic
14 6 (0.23%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 814 (30.75%) Oracle
2 278 (10.50%) Microsoft
3 101 (3.82%) Google
4 81 (3.06%) Sybase
5 75 (2.83%) SAP
6 74 (2.80%) Teradata
7 66 (2.49%) Informatica
8 62 (2.34%) IBM
9 60 (2.27%) Talend
10 59 (2.23%) Tableau
10 59 (2.23%) Zend
11 55 (2.08%) Salesforce.com
12 54 (2.04%) Atlassian
13 40 (1.51%) Hortonworks
14 39 (1.47%) Cloudera
15 35 (1.32%) Red Hat
16 27 (1.02%) Adobe
17 26 (0.98%) Siebel
17 26 (0.98%) Splunk
17 26 (0.98%) VMware