Period
to 22 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 22 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
22 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 140 113 103
Rank change year-on-year -27 -10 -2
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,249 2,302 2,407
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.84% 2.32% 2.37%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.67% 10.42% 10.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 803 1,492 1,689
UK median daily rate £475 £490 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.06% +3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £350 £315
90th Percentile £650 £650 £630
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 18 20
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £23.94 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.31% -41.96% -2.94%
10th Percentile £15.94 £17.10 £23.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £49.13 £71.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.46 £24.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +14.43% -40.00% -5.88%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 14,406 22,082 22,164
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.22% 22.30% 21.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,528 15,220 15,440
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £319 £320 £312
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 237 252 252
UK median hourly rate £31.00 £35.00 £34.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.43% +0.72% +28.70%
10th Percentile £13.89 £13.03 £15.02
90th Percentile £56.00 £55.90 £56.64
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.80 £35.00 £38.25
% change year-on-year -26.29% -8.50% +56.12%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 22 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 22 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 22 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -33 1,092 £498 -0.50% 549
London -24 617 £525 -4.55% 221
UK excluding London -34 599 £425 -5.56% 388
South East +12 167 £400 -11.11% 96
North of England +4 120 £425 -5.56% 110
Scotland -23 83 £425 - 32
East of England +2 71 £438 -2.78% 31
North West +18 62 £413 +3.13% 61
Midlands -43 62 £428 -5.00% 53
South West -50 56 £438 -2.78% 38
Yorkshire +17 44 £488 -2.50% 37
East Midlands -10 37 £438 -7.89% 18
Wales +5 27 £490 +8.89% 22
West Midlands -25 25 £425 -5.56% 35
North East +20 19 £405 -16.92% 12
Northern Ireland +1 15 £431 +4.61% 7

For the 6 months to 22 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 574 (45.96%) SQL
2 523 (41.87%) Agile Software Development
3 442 (35.39%) Java
4 392 (31.39%) RDBMS
5 371 (29.70%) SQL Server
6 336 (26.90%) Oracle
7 271 (21.70%) AWS
8 269 (21.54%) JavaScript
8 269 (21.54%) Python
9 267 (21.38%) Azure
10 256 (20.50%) HTML
11 253 (20.26%) Finance
12 248 (19.86%) MySQL
13 230 (18.41%) Web Services
14 217 (17.37%) Git (software)
15 210 (16.81%) CSS
16 208 (16.65%) Test Automation
17 205 (16.41%) ETL
18 203 (16.25%) Microservices
19 201 (16.09%) Problem-Solving
20 200 (16.01%) Continuous Integration
21 187 (14.97%) TDD
22 184 (14.73%) XML
23 179 (14.33%) Linux
23 179 (14.33%) Analytics
24 177 (14.17%) Data Modelling
24 177 (14.17%) Software Engineering
25 175 (14.01%) Scrum
26 174 (13.93%) Microsoft
27 172 (13.77%) DevOps

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (6.24%) Apache Spark
2 54 (4.32%) Confluence
3 51 (4.08%) Apache
4 36 (2.88%) Elasticsearch
5 27 (2.16%) nginx
6 26 (2.08%) SharePoint
6 26 (2.08%) Tomcat
7 25 (2.00%) SAS
8 19 (1.52%) Camunda
8 19 (1.52%) IIS
9 14 (1.12%) ArcGIS
10 12 (0.96%) WebLogic
11 11 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 11 (0.88%) WebSphere
12 10 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
12 10 (0.80%) CMS
13 8 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
14 7 (0.56%) Jupyter
15 6 (0.48%) WordPress
16 5 (0.40%) JBoss
Applications
1 67 (5.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (1.84%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.72%) XMetaL
4 6 (0.48%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.48%) Spreadsheet
4 6 (0.48%) Zeplin
5 4 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.16%) GNU Octave
7 1 (0.080%) Camtasia
Business Applications
1 27 (2.16%) FINCAD Analytics
2 15 (1.20%) BusinessWorks
3 14 (1.12%) Oracle EBS
4 12 (0.96%) Magento
5 8 (0.64%) NetSuite
5 8 (0.64%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 6 (0.48%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.40%) Adobe Campaign
7 5 (0.40%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 5 (0.40%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 4 (0.32%) Markit EDM
8 4 (0.32%) PolarLake
9 3 (0.24%) Oracle 11i
9 3 (0.24%) R3 Corda
10 2 (0.16%) Hyperion Planning
10 2 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
10 2 (0.16%) SAP Bank Analyzer
10 2 (0.16%) SAP BPC
11 1 (0.080%) Oracle Applications
11 1 (0.080%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 271 (21.70%) AWS
2 267 (21.38%) Azure
3 108 (8.65%) GCP
4 71 (5.68%) Power Platform
5 40 (3.20%) GitHub
6 36 (2.88%) AWS Step Functions
7 28 (2.24%) Azure Data Factory
7 28 (2.24%) SaaS
7 28 (2.24%) Serverless
8 23 (1.84%) Amazon S3
9 21 (1.68%) Amazon EC2
9 21 (1.68%) PaaS
10 18 (1.44%) AWS Lambda
11 16 (1.28%) Amazon EMR
11 16 (1.28%) Cloud Computing
11 16 (1.28%) IaaS
11 16 (1.28%) OpenShift
12 14 (1.12%) npm
13 10 (0.80%) Amazon SQS
14 9 (0.72%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 83 (6.65%) HTTP
2 17 (1.36%) SSH
2 17 (1.36%) TCP/IP
3 14 (1.12%) DSL
3 14 (1.12%) SSL
4 10 (0.80%) FTP
4 10 (0.80%) LAN
4 10 (0.80%) WAN
5 9 (0.72%) DNS
6 7 (0.56%) SAN
7 6 (0.48%) Firewall
7 6 (0.48%) Internet
8 5 (0.40%) DHCP
8 5 (0.40%) RTMP
9 4 (0.32%) IPsec
9 4 (0.32%) VPN
10 3 (0.24%) AMQP
10 3 (0.24%) Broadband
10 3 (0.24%) iSCSI
11 2 (0.16%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 392 (31.39%) RDBMS
2 371 (29.70%) SQL Server
3 248 (19.86%) MySQL
4 168 (13.45%) PostgreSQL
5 157 (12.57%) Data Warehouse
6 155 (12.41%) MongoDB
7 152 (12.17%) NoSQL
8 110 (8.81%) Hadoop
9 105 (8.41%) Big Data
10 79 (6.33%) Apache Cassandra
10 79 (6.33%) Redis
11 69 (5.52%) Power BI
12 66 (5.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 59 (4.72%) DB2
14 55 (4.40%) Oracle Database
15 53 (4.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 50 (4.00%) Amazon Aurora
17 47 (3.76%) Neo4j
18 40 (3.20%) HBase
19 39 (3.12%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 217 (17.37%) Git (software)
2 139 (11.13%) Jenkins
3 132 (10.57%) JIRA
4 54 (4.32%) Cucumber
5 49 (3.92%) Selenium
6 43 (3.44%) JUnit
7 39 (3.12%) Maven
8 29 (2.32%) Visual Studio
9 26 (2.08%) TeamCity
10 25 (2.00%) NUnit
11 24 (1.92%) GitLab
12 22 (1.76%) Mockito
13 21 (1.68%) Team Foundation Server
14 20 (1.60%) Grunt
15 19 (1.52%) Subversion
16 16 (1.28%) Gradle
17 14 (1.12%) Moq
17 14 (1.12%) ReSharper
17 14 (1.12%) Visual Studio Team System
17 14 (1.12%) webpack
General
1 253 (20.26%) Finance
2 100 (8.01%) Public Sector
3 95 (7.61%) Banking
4 49 (3.92%) Front Office
5 35 (2.80%) Telecoms
6 28 (2.24%) Investment Banking
7 26 (2.08%) Marketing
7 26 (2.08%) Retail
8 21 (1.68%) Games
9 17 (1.36%) Pharmaceutical
10 14 (1.12%) Publishing
11 9 (0.72%) Back Office
11 9 (0.72%) Manufacturing
12 6 (0.48%) Electronics
12 6 (0.48%) Local Government
13 5 (0.40%) Advertising
13 5 (0.40%) Law
13 5 (0.40%) Legal
14 3 (0.24%) Automotive
14 3 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 700 (56.04%) Developer
2 183 (14.65%) Java Developer
3 129 (10.33%) Analyst
4 104 (8.33%) Senior Developer
5 91 (7.29%) Architect
6 77 (6.16%) Data Engineer
7 70 (5.60%) Software Engineer
8 68 (5.44%) AWS Developer
8 68 (5.44%) Data Analyst
9 67 (5.36%) Python Developer
10 61 (4.88%) Java Engineer
11 59 (4.72%) .NET Developer
12 48 (3.84%) AWS Engineer
13 47 (3.76%) C# Developer
14 45 (3.60%) Scala Developer
15 42 (3.36%) JavaScript Developer
16 41 (3.28%) Java Software Engineer
17 37 (2.96%) Full Stack Developer
18 35 (2.80%) DBA
18 35 (2.80%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 256 (20.50%) HTML
2 230 (18.41%) Web Services
3 210 (16.81%) CSS
4 184 (14.73%) XML
5 166 (13.29%) Spring
6 161 (12.89%) .NET
7 145 (11.61%) RESTful
8 135 (10.81%) REST
9 125 (10.01%) AngularJS
10 122 (9.77%) HTML5
11 112 (8.97%) JSON
12 111 (8.89%) Kafka
13 107 (8.57%) React
14 81 (6.49%) Node.js
15 69 (5.52%) CSS3
16 65 (5.20%) Spring Boot
17 60 (4.80%) Ajax
17 60 (4.80%) jQuery
18 58 (4.64%) J2EE
19 57 (4.56%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 130 (10.41%) Analytical Skills
2 54 (4.32%) Data Structures
3 40 (3.20%) Algorithms
4 36 (2.88%) Fixed Income
5 35 (2.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 34 (2.72%) Mobile App
7 33 (2.64%) Derivative
8 32 (2.56%) Greenfield Project
9 31 (2.48%) Reference Data
10 29 (2.32%) Enterprise Software
11 28 (2.24%) Hedge funds
12 27 (2.16%) Equity Derivative
13 26 (2.08%) User Experience
14 25 (2.00%) Management Information System
15 21 (1.68%) Market Risk
16 19 (1.52%) Semantic Web
17 18 (1.44%) Self-Motivation
18 17 (1.36%) Cloud Native
19 15 (1.20%) Client/Server
20 14 (1.12%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 179 (14.33%) Linux
2 112 (8.97%) Unix
3 76 (6.08%) Windows
4 20 (1.60%) Windows Server
5 18 (1.44%) Solaris
6 13 (1.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.80%) Mac OS X
8 9 (0.72%) Android
9 8 (0.64%) CentOS
10 7 (0.56%) AIX
11 6 (0.48%) Apple iOS
12 4 (0.32%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.24%) HPUX
13 3 (0.24%) VMS
14 1 (0.080%) Debian
14 1 (0.080%) VME
14 1 (0.080%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 523 (41.87%) Agile Software Development
2 208 (16.65%) Test Automation
3 205 (16.41%) ETL
4 203 (16.25%) Microservices
5 201 (16.09%) Problem-Solving
6 200 (16.01%) Continuous Integration
7 187 (14.97%) TDD
8 179 (14.33%) Analytics
9 177 (14.17%) Data Modelling
9 177 (14.17%) Software Engineering
10 175 (14.01%) Scrum
11 172 (13.77%) DevOps
12 164 (13.13%) Business Intelligence
13 142 (11.37%) Migration
14 140 (11.21%) OO
15 110 (8.81%) MVC
16 94 (7.53%) SDLC
17 86 (6.89%) Data Management
17 86 (6.89%) Web Development
18 83 (6.65%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 574 (45.96%) SQL
2 442 (35.39%) Java
3 269 (21.54%) JavaScript
3 269 (21.54%) Python
4 168 (13.45%) C#
5 104 (8.33%) Scala
6 95 (7.61%) Java 8
7 59 (4.72%) PHP
8 54 (4.32%) Ruby
9 48 (3.84%) T-SQL
10 41 (3.28%) TypeScript
11 40 (3.20%) PL/SQL
12 37 (2.96%) PowerShell
12 37 (2.96%) R
13 32 (2.56%) C++
13 32 (2.56%) Kotlin
14 29 (2.32%) Shell Script
15 26 (2.08%) Groovy
16 20 (1.60%) Bash Shell
17 18 (1.44%) VBA
Qualifications
1 123 (9.85%) Security Cleared
2 97 (7.77%) SC Cleared
3 89 (7.13%) Degree
4 29 (2.32%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (1.84%) BPSS Clearance
6 13 (1.04%) Microsoft Certification
7 7 (0.56%) DV Cleared
7 7 (0.56%) Numerate Degree
8 6 (0.48%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.40%) SAS Certification
10 4 (0.32%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.32%) HNC
10 4 (0.32%) OCP
10 4 (0.32%) Oracle Certification
11 3 (0.24%) PhD
12 2 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.16%) ISEB
12 2 (0.16%) MCP
12 2 (0.16%) MCSE
12 2 (0.16%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (4.88%) Data Quality
2 59 (4.72%) QA
3 27 (2.16%) GDPR
4 15 (1.20%) IFRS
5 14 (1.12%) Solvency II
6 9 (0.72%) SLA
7 4 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
7 4 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 4 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.16%) COBIT
9 2 (0.16%) MiFID
10 1 (0.080%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.080%) EMIR
10 1 (0.080%) HL7
10 1 (0.080%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.080%) WCAG
System Software
1 128 (10.25%) Docker
2 24 (1.92%) Active Directory
2 24 (1.92%) Apache Flume
3 12 (0.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.88%) HDFS
5 7 (0.56%) Virtual Desktop
5 7 (0.56%) Virtual Servers
6 6 (0.48%) Oracle RAC
7 4 (0.32%) Oracle Clusterware
7 4 (0.32%) Xen
8 3 (0.24%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 3 (0.24%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.16%) NFS
9 2 (0.16%) Samba
9 2 (0.16%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 2 (0.16%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 2 (0.16%) vSphere
10 1 (0.080%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.080%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 116 (9.29%) Kubernetes
2 58 (4.64%) Terraform
3 39 (3.12%) Ansible
4 17 (1.36%) Kibana
4 17 (1.36%) Puppet
5 13 (1.04%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (0.96%) Single Sign-On
7 9 (0.72%) Data Guard
7 9 (0.72%) Grafana
7 9 (0.72%) Oozie
8 8 (0.64%) Istio
8 8 (0.64%) linkerd
9 6 (0.48%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 6 (0.48%) Oracle RMAN
10 5 (0.40%) Consul
10 5 (0.40%) MIIS
10 5 (0.40%) Prometheus
11 4 (0.32%) HP ALM
11 4 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
11 4 (0.32%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 336 (26.90%) Oracle
2 174 (13.93%) Microsoft
3 95 (7.61%) Google
4 57 (4.56%) Sybase
5 37 (2.96%) SAP
5 37 (2.96%) Tableau
6 33 (2.64%) Cloudera
7 32 (2.56%) IBM
8 31 (2.48%) Informatica
9 26 (2.08%) Salesforce.com
10 25 (2.00%) Talend
11 23 (1.84%) Atlassian
12 22 (1.76%) Zend
13 19 (1.52%) Databricks
14 18 (1.44%) Hortonworks
14 18 (1.44%) Splunk
14 18 (1.44%) Teradata
15 17 (1.36%) MicroStrategy
15 17 (1.36%) Vermilion
16 16 (1.28%) TIBCO