Period
to 17 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 17 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
17 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 102 126 105
Rank change year-on-year +24 -21 +1
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2377 2155 2322
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.48% 1.98% 2.06%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.99% 8.93% 8.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 1482 1408 1485
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +4.17% +5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £309 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 24 23
UK median hourly rate £23.81 £36.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -33.85% +2.86% -6.67%
10th Percentile £11.17 £16.90 £18.36
90th Percentile £40.08 £43.00 £46.07
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.14 £36.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year -35.72% +2.86% -6.67%

Relational Database is in the database and business intelligence skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database and business intelligence skills.

Contract Database & Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for database and business intelligence skills 21628 24127 26078
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 22.60% 22.18% 23.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 14411 16170 16932
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.90%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £365
% change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 251 381 373
UK median hourly rate £31.00 £28.50 £27.32
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.77% +4.34% -2.45%
10th Percentile £11.30 £11.50 £14.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.75 £54.98
UK excluding London median hourly rate £31.75 £29.76 £27.50
% change year-on-year +6.68% +8.23% -3.51%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 17 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 17 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 17 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +31 2050 £450 +1.12% 343
UK excluding London +40 1244 £425 +6.25% 217
London +23 1080 £500 +1.01% 151
South East +47 374 £435 +8.75% 42
North of England +11 261 £425 +3.03% 57
Yorkshire +29 140 £425 - 22
Scotland -4 132 £400 - 21
East of England +40 127 £435 +8.75% 26
Midlands -37 110 £400 - 26
North West -7 96 £388 -3.13% 28
Northern Ireland +11 94 £420 - 3
South West +13 87 £425 +6.25% 41
East Midlands +4 68 £390 +11.43% 16
Wales +37 60 £375 -17.81% 1
West Midlands -43 41 £425 +6.25% 10
North East +13 28 £425 +3.16% 7

For the 6 months to 17 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1230 (51.75%) SQL
2 1100 (46.28%) Agile Software Development
3 1038 (43.67%) Java
4 864 (36.35%) RDBMS
5 837 (35.21%) Oracle
6 726 (30.54%) Linux
7 653 (27.47%) Finance
8 580 (24.40%) Unix
9 547 (23.01%) Git (software)
10 522 (21.96%) SQL Server
11 521 (21.92%) HTML
12 504 (21.20%) JavaScript
13 463 (19.48%) Continuous Integration
14 461 (19.39%) Python
15 456 (19.18%) CSS
15 456 (19.18%) TDD
16 429 (18.05%) Spring
17 411 (17.29%) Web Services
18 408 (17.16%) Test Automation
19 384 (16.15%) Scrum
20 374 (15.73%) XML
21 363 (15.27%) REST
22 350 (14.72%) OO
23 348 (14.64%) Jenkins
24 335 (14.09%) C#
25 324 (13.63%) Analytical Skills
26 318 (13.38%) Banking
27 312 (13.13%) NoSQL
28 303 (12.75%) MySQL
29 289 (12.16%) Data Modelling

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 142 (5.97%) Apache
2 126 (5.30%) JBoss
3 122 (5.13%) Confluence
4 95 (4.00%) Tomcat
5 84 (3.53%) WebLogic
6 74 (3.11%) Apache Spark
7 71 (2.99%) WebSphere
8 67 (2.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 48 (2.02%) SharePoint
10 44 (1.85%) SAS
11 34 (1.43%) Oracle Workflow
12 24 (1.01%) CMS
13 23 (0.97%) Apache Solr
13 23 (0.97%) IIS
14 22 (0.93%) Elasticsearch
14 22 (0.93%) Mule
15 17 (0.72%) nginx
16 16 (0.67%) WebSphere Application Server
17 15 (0.63%) OpenStack
18 10 (0.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 96 (4.04%) Microsoft Excel
2 47 (1.98%) Microsoft Office
3 44 (1.85%) MS Visio
4 16 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.29%) HipChat
6 6 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.25%) SPSS
7 3 (0.13%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.13%) Stata
8 2 (0.084%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.042%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.042%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 10 (0.42%) FastStats
1 10 (0.42%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (0.29%) BusinessWorks
2 7 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
3 5 (0.21%) Eagle PACE
3 5 (0.21%) Eloqua
3 5 (0.21%) Markit EDM
3 5 (0.21%) Oracle Cash Management
3 5 (0.21%) SunGard Martini
4 4 (0.17%) ION MarketView
4 4 (0.17%) Oracle Assets
4 4 (0.17%) Oracle iProcurement
4 4 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
4 4 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
4 4 (0.17%) Pega PRPC
5 3 (0.13%) NetSuite
5 3 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
5 3 (0.13%) Oracle TCA
5 3 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 162 (6.82%) Amazon AWS
2 95 (4.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 37 (1.56%) PaaS
4 27 (1.14%) GitHub
5 26 (1.09%) IaaS
6 23 (0.97%) Google Cloud Platform
7 20 (0.84%) SaaS
8 17 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
9 15 (0.63%) Amazon EC2
10 12 (0.50%) Amazon EMR
11 11 (0.46%) Cloud Computing
12 9 (0.38%) Amazon S3
12 9 (0.38%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 9 (0.38%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 5 (0.21%) AWS Lambda
13 5 (0.21%) Bluemix
13 5 (0.21%) IBM Cloud
14 4 (0.17%) Adobe Analytics
14 4 (0.17%) Amazon Kinesis
14 4 (0.17%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 253 (10.64%) HTTP
2 87 (3.66%) TCP/IP
3 67 (2.82%) SSL
4 47 (1.98%) Internet
5 45 (1.89%) LDAP
6 43 (1.81%) DNS
7 32 (1.35%) Firewall
8 27 (1.14%) LAN
8 27 (1.14%) WAN
9 24 (1.01%) SAN
10 20 (0.84%) FTP
11 18 (0.76%) NAS
12 16 (0.67%) DHCP
13 15 (0.63%) SMTP
14 12 (0.50%) SSH
15 8 (0.34%) IMAP
15 8 (0.34%) Network Security
16 7 (0.29%) Intranet
16 7 (0.29%) Kerberos
16 7 (0.29%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 864 (36.35%) RDBMS
2 522 (21.96%) SQL Server
3 312 (13.13%) NoSQL
4 303 (12.75%) MySQL
5 207 (8.71%) PostgreSQL
6 178 (7.49%) Data Warehouse
7 169 (7.11%) Oracle Database
8 165 (6.94%) Big Data
9 161 (6.77%) MongoDB
10 153 (6.44%) Hadoop
11 140 (5.89%) DB2
12 91 (3.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 89 (3.74%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 62 (2.61%) Redis
15 61 (2.57%) SQL Server 2008
16 55 (2.31%) Oracle Database 11g
17 52 (2.19%) Apache Cassandra
18 44 (1.85%) SQL Server 2012
19 40 (1.68%) HBase
20 38 (1.60%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 547 (23.01%) Git (software)
2 348 (14.64%) Jenkins
3 266 (11.19%) Subversion
4 231 (9.72%) JUnit
5 197 (8.29%) JIRA
6 186 (7.82%) Maven
7 86 (3.62%) Visual Studio
8 80 (3.37%) Selenium
9 77 (3.24%) Gradle
10 75 (3.16%) TeamCity
11 71 (2.99%) Team Foundation Server
12 70 (2.94%) Ant
13 69 (2.90%) Cucumber
14 66 (2.78%) Eclipse
15 64 (2.69%) Mockito
16 55 (2.31%) NUnit
17 51 (2.15%) Hudson
18 44 (1.85%) Sonatype Nexus
19 35 (1.47%) Talend Open Studio
20 27 (1.14%) Oracle Forms
General
1 653 (27.47%) Finance
2 318 (13.38%) Banking
3 200 (8.41%) Front Office
4 118 (4.96%) Investment Banking
5 100 (4.21%) Marketing
6 81 (3.41%) Telecoms
7 71 (2.99%) Manufacturing
7 71 (2.99%) Retail
8 50 (2.10%) Financial Institution
9 41 (1.72%) Electronics
10 36 (1.51%) Games
11 34 (1.43%) Legal
12 23 (0.97%) Back Office
12 23 (0.97%) Publishing
13 17 (0.72%) Automotive
14 12 (0.50%) Pharmaceutical
15 6 (0.25%) Advertising
15 6 (0.25%) Billing
15 6 (0.25%) Local Government
15 6 (0.25%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1385 (58.27%) Developer
2 576 (24.23%) Java Developer
3 307 (12.92%) Analyst
4 204 (8.58%) Senior Developer
5 163 (6.86%) Architect
6 140 (5.89%) Python Developer
7 121 (5.09%) Scala Developer
8 106 (4.46%) Senior Java Developer
9 105 (4.42%) C# Developer
10 103 (4.33%) .NET Developer
11 88 (3.70%) SQL Developer
12 80 (3.37%) Data Analyst
13 68 (2.86%) Systems Analyst
14 65 (2.73%) DevOps Engineer
14 65 (2.73%) Web Developer
15 62 (2.61%) Business Analyst
15 62 (2.61%) Consultant
15 62 (2.61%) Full Stack Developer
16 58 (2.44%) Agile Developer
17 54 (2.27%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 521 (21.92%) HTML
2 456 (19.18%) CSS
3 429 (18.05%) Spring
4 411 (17.29%) Web Services
5 374 (15.73%) XML
6 363 (15.27%) REST
7 280 (11.78%) .NET
8 267 (11.23%) JSON
9 246 (10.35%) RESTful
10 230 (9.68%) HTML5
11 191 (8.04%) AngularJS
12 190 (7.99%) Hibernate
13 177 (7.45%) JMS
13 177 (7.45%) SOAP
14 166 (6.98%) Ajax
15 146 (6.14%) Django
16 143 (6.02%) jQuery
17 136 (5.72%) J2EE
18 131 (5.51%) CSS3
19 130 (5.47%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 324 (13.63%) Analytical Skills
2 112 (4.71%) Computer Science
3 95 (4.00%) Enterprise Software
4 83 (3.49%) User Experience
5 76 (3.20%) Equities
6 67 (2.82%) Derivative
7 64 (2.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 59 (2.48%) Management Information System
9 58 (2.44%) Fixed Income
9 58 (2.44%) Greenfield Project
10 53 (2.23%) Algorithms
11 40 (1.68%) Replication
12 39 (1.64%) Data Structures
12 39 (1.64%) Virtual Team
13 31 (1.30%) Data Centre
14 30 (1.26%) Fintech
15 29 (1.22%) Equity Derivative
16 28 (1.18%) Clustering
17 26 (1.09%) Linux Command Line
18 25 (1.05%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 726 (30.54%) Linux
2 580 (24.40%) Unix
3 217 (9.13%) Windows
4 106 (4.46%) Mac OS X
4 106 (4.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 62 (2.61%) Solaris
6 38 (1.60%) Windows Server
7 33 (1.39%) AIX
8 23 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
9 20 (0.84%) Android
10 18 (0.76%) Apple iOS
10 18 (0.76%) Windows Server 2008
11 15 (0.63%) HPUX
12 14 (0.59%) CentOS
13 6 (0.25%) Ubuntu
14 4 (0.17%) Debian
14 4 (0.17%) Windows Server 2003
15 3 (0.13%) CoreOS
16 2 (0.084%) Oracle Linux
16 2 (0.084%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1100 (46.28%) Agile Software Development
2 463 (19.48%) Continuous Integration
3 456 (19.18%) TDD
4 408 (17.16%) Test Automation
5 384 (16.15%) Scrum
6 350 (14.72%) OO
7 289 (12.16%) Data Modelling
8 287 (12.07%) Web Development
9 274 (11.53%) DevOps
10 260 (10.94%) ETL
11 258 (10.85%) Configuration Management
12 252 (10.60%) SDLC
13 241 (10.14%) MVC
14 212 (8.92%) Business Intelligence
15 210 (8.83%) Open Source
16 202 (8.50%) BDD
17 195 (8.20%) Mentoring
18 190 (7.99%) Analytics
19 184 (7.74%) Microservices
20 169 (7.11%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1230 (51.75%) SQL
2 1038 (43.67%) Java
3 504 (21.20%) JavaScript
4 461 (19.39%) Python
5 335 (14.09%) C#
6 218 (9.17%) Scala
7 197 (8.29%) Perl
8 172 (7.24%) Ruby
9 163 (6.86%) PL/SQL
10 139 (5.85%) Shell Script
11 104 (4.38%) T-SQL
12 100 (4.21%) C++
13 97 (4.08%) Bash Shell
14 76 (3.20%) R
15 71 (2.99%) PHP
16 66 (2.78%) C
17 50 (2.10%) PowerShell
18 39 (1.64%) VBA
19 34 (1.43%) VB
20 26 (1.09%) Korn
Qualifications
1 242 (10.18%) Degree
2 200 (8.41%) Security Cleared
3 124 (5.22%) SC Cleared
4 55 (2.31%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (1.22%) DV Cleared
6 22 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
6 22 (0.93%) CISSP
7 16 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
7 16 (0.67%) RHCE
7 16 (0.67%) RHCSA
8 14 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
9 11 (0.46%) CTC Cleared
9 11 (0.46%) ISEB
10 10 (0.42%) ISTQB
11 9 (0.38%) Master's Degree
12 8 (0.34%) BC Cleared
12 8 (0.34%) MCDBA
13 7 (0.29%) MySQL Certification
13 7 (0.29%) Siebel Certification
14 6 (0.25%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 114 (4.80%) QA
2 103 (4.33%) Data Quality
3 25 (1.05%) Disclosure Scotland
3 25 (1.05%) MiFID
4 15 (0.63%) Dodd-Frank
4 15 (0.63%) EMIR
5 9 (0.38%) PCI DSS
6 8 (0.34%) PMO
7 7 (0.29%) GCP
7 7 (0.29%) GDPR
8 5 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 4 (0.17%) GAAP
9 4 (0.17%) SLA
10 3 (0.13%) GxP
10 3 (0.13%) HL7
11 2 (0.084%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.084%) Solvency II
12 1 (0.042%) Basel III
12 1 (0.042%) GMP
12 1 (0.042%) WCAG
System Software
1 178 (7.49%) Docker
2 34 (1.43%) Active Directory
3 23 (0.97%) Xen
4 22 (0.93%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (0.38%) Oracle RAC
6 8 (0.34%) HDFS
6 8 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 5 (0.21%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 5 (0.21%) NFS
8 5 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
9 4 (0.17%) Hyper-V
10 3 (0.13%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.13%) Firmware
10 3 (0.13%) ISA Server
10 3 (0.13%) LXC
10 3 (0.13%) Shibboleth
10 3 (0.13%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 3 (0.13%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 3 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 121 (5.09%) Puppet
2 113 (4.75%) Opscode Chef
3 111 (4.67%) Ansible
4 77 (3.24%) Kubernetes
5 22 (0.93%) Terraform
6 16 (0.67%) Mesos
6 16 (0.67%) Oracle RMAN
7 15 (0.63%) HP Quality Center
8 14 (0.59%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 13 (0.55%) Data Guard
10 11 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
10 11 (0.46%) Kibana
11 9 (0.38%) Oozie
12 8 (0.34%) Consul
12 8 (0.34%) logstash
13 7 (0.29%) Netcool
13 7 (0.29%) Packer
13 7 (0.29%) Rancher
13 7 (0.29%) SCOM
13 7 (0.29%) StatsD
Vendors
1 837 (35.21%) Oracle
2 248 (10.43%) Microsoft
3 185 (7.78%) Sybase
4 100 (4.21%) Google
5 93 (3.91%) SAP
6 72 (3.03%) IBM
7 69 (2.90%) Red Hat
8 56 (2.36%) TIBCO
9 52 (2.19%) Perforce
10 50 (2.10%) Teradata
11 41 (1.72%) Informatica
12 39 (1.64%) Tableau
13 35 (1.47%) Talend
14 32 (1.35%) HP
14 32 (1.35%) WSO2
15 31 (1.30%) VMware
16 30 (1.26%) Murex
17 28 (1.18%) Atlassian
18 26 (1.09%) Currenex
18 26 (1.09%) Splunk