Period
to 25 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 25 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
25 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 144 141 113
Rank change year-on-year -3 -28 -9
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 861 1,261 2,285
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.82% 1.85% 2.32%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.56% 8.60% 10.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 750 846 1,522
Median daily rate £500 £475 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% -2.56% +2.63%
10th Percentile £352 £325 £350
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £450
% change year-on-year +5.88% -5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 19 17
Median hourly rate £52.50 £27.43 £23.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +91.43% +14.85% -40.30%
10th Percentile £24.50 £15.88 £17.05
90th Percentile £58.00 £53.75 £49.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £24.10 £22.00
% change year-on-year +128.22% +9.55% -45.00%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 10,056 14,656 22,168
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.21% 21.46% 22.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,882 9,971 15,472
Median daily rate £488 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% - +2.70%
10th Percentile £313 £319 £320
90th Percentile £650 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -3.02% +3.12% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 174 207 230
Median hourly rate £25.57 £25.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.28% -9.09% -13.13%
10th Percentile £13.73 £13.17 £12.56
90th Percentile £58.75 £58.60 £55.00
Median hourly rate £23.45 £22.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +4.22% -25.00% -19.46%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 25 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +18 710 £520 +4.00% 344
London +3 442 £575 +9.52% 149
UK excluding London +2 291 £450 +5.88% 223
Work from Home -57 209 £495 -10.00% 93
South East +15 65 £500 +20.92% 62
North of England +12 58 £450 +8.43% 62
Scotland +4 50 £355 -16.47% 19
North West +39 49 £450 +8.43% 28
Midlands +32 41 £473 +11.28% 20
West Midlands +42 33 £473 +11.28% 15
East of England +13 29 £481 +10.00% 23
South West +55 28 £515 +19.42% 27
Wales +7 15 £425 -13.27% 6
Yorkshire +7 8 £450 -5.26% 25
East Midlands -3 4 £375 -11.76% 5
Northern Ireland -6 4 £430 -3.48% 4
North East +14 1 - - 9
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 25 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 390 (45.30%) SQL
2 320 (37.17%) Agile Software Development
3 307 (35.66%) Java
4 262 (30.43%) RDBMS
5 236 (27.41%) AWS
6 225 (26.13%) Linux
7 221 (25.67%) Oracle
8 204 (23.69%) SQL Server
9 198 (23.00%) Finance
10 197 (22.88%) Python
11 186 (21.60%) Spring
12 159 (18.47%) Azure
13 154 (17.89%) Jenkins
14 152 (17.65%) DevOps
15 151 (17.54%) Microservices
16 150 (17.42%) Kubernetes
17 147 (17.07%) Banking
18 145 (16.84%) ETL
18 145 (16.84%) Git (software)
19 141 (16.38%) Docker
19 141 (16.38%) JavaScript
20 139 (16.14%) Unix
21 137 (15.91%) REST
22 136 (15.80%) NoSQL
23 135 (15.68%) Continuous Integration
23 135 (15.68%) MySQL
24 132 (15.33%) Analytical Skills
25 130 (15.10%) Data Modelling
26 126 (14.63%) HTML
27 114 (13.24%) TDD

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (8.48%) Apache
2 60 (6.97%) Mule
3 54 (6.27%) Apache Spark
4 39 (4.53%) Confluence
5 37 (4.30%) Red Hat Fuse
6 36 (4.18%) JBoss
7 35 (4.07%) Elasticsearch
8 19 (2.21%) Jupyter
9 17 (1.97%) Tomcat
10 14 (1.63%) WebLogic
11 9 (1.05%) Ethereum
12 7 (0.81%) nginx
12 7 (0.81%) SAS
13 6 (0.70%) CMS
13 6 (0.70%) IIS
13 6 (0.70%) SharePoint
13 6 (0.70%) WebSphere
14 5 (0.58%) Oracle Application Server
14 5 (0.58%) Oracle Workflow
14 5 (0.58%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 36 (4.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (3.72%) Spreadsheet
3 10 (1.16%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.12%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 8 (0.93%) Magento
1 8 (0.93%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 7 (0.81%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (0.81%) Oracle EBS R12
3 6 (0.70%) Distributed Ledger
3 6 (0.70%) SunGard Martini
4 2 (0.23%) assyst
4 2 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.23%) Hyperion Planning
4 2 (0.23%) Oracle 11i
4 2 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.23%) Primavera
4 2 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.23%) Unit4 Business World
5 1 (0.12%) HFM
5 1 (0.12%) Maximo
5 1 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.12%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 236 (27.41%) AWS
2 159 (18.47%) Azure
3 63 (7.32%) Power Platform
4 57 (6.62%) Amazon S3
5 49 (5.69%) GCP
6 35 (4.07%) AWS CloudFormation
7 31 (3.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 25 (2.90%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 24 (2.79%) OpenShift
10 23 (2.67%) Amazon EC2
10 23 (2.67%) PaaS
10 23 (2.67%) Serverless
11 20 (2.32%) GitHub
12 19 (2.21%) AWS CloudTrail
12 19 (2.21%) Cloud Computing
12 19 (2.21%) SaaS
13 18 (2.09%) AWS Lambda
14 16 (1.86%) Amazon ECS
15 14 (1.63%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 14 (1.63%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 35 (4.07%) HTTP
2 22 (2.56%) TCP/IP
3 20 (2.32%) VPN
4 17 (1.97%) SSL
5 9 (1.05%) Firewall
6 8 (0.93%) DNS
6 8 (0.93%) DSL
7 7 (0.81%) Network Security
8 6 (0.70%) IPFS
8 6 (0.70%) IPv4
8 6 (0.70%) IPv6
8 6 (0.70%) iSCSI
9 5 (0.58%) Kerberos
10 4 (0.46%) VLAN
11 3 (0.35%) FTP
11 3 (0.35%) tcpdump
12 2 (0.23%) DMZ
12 2 (0.23%) Internet
12 2 (0.23%) POP3
12 2 (0.23%) X.21
Database & Business Intelligence
1 262 (30.43%) RDBMS
2 204 (23.69%) SQL Server
3 136 (15.80%) NoSQL
4 135 (15.68%) MySQL
5 113 (13.12%) Data Warehouse
6 91 (10.57%) PostgreSQL
7 79 (9.18%) Hadoop
8 67 (7.78%) Oracle Database
9 65 (7.55%) Big Data
10 54 (6.27%) MongoDB
10 54 (6.27%) Power BI
11 49 (5.69%) Apache Hive
12 47 (5.46%) Tableau
13 38 (4.41%) Impala
14 35 (4.07%) Pentaho
15 33 (3.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 28 (3.25%) Amazon Redshift
17 27 (3.14%) Amazon RDS
17 27 (3.14%) Data Lake
18 26 (3.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 154 (17.89%) Jenkins
2 145 (16.84%) Git (software)
3 83 (9.64%) JIRA
4 49 (5.69%) Subversion
5 43 (4.99%) Maven
6 36 (4.18%) JUnit
7 32 (3.72%) GitLab
8 27 (3.14%) Cucumber
9 22 (2.56%) TeamCity
10 20 (2.32%) Selenium
10 20 (2.32%) SonarQube
11 16 (1.86%) Hudson
11 16 (1.86%) jMock
11 16 (1.86%) Visual Studio
12 15 (1.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 14 (1.63%) FishEye
14 12 (1.39%) Ant
14 12 (1.39%) Bitbucket
15 11 (1.28%) Oracle APEX
16 9 (1.05%) MSTest
General
1 198 (23.00%) Finance
2 147 (17.07%) Banking
3 87 (10.10%) Public Sector
4 61 (7.08%) Front Office
5 42 (4.88%) Investment Banking
6 30 (3.48%) Marketing
7 15 (1.74%) Law
8 13 (1.51%) Retail Banking
9 12 (1.39%) Games
9 12 (1.39%) Retail
9 12 (1.39%) Telecoms
10 10 (1.16%) Electronics
10 10 (1.16%) Manufacturing
11 7 (0.81%) Pharmaceutical
12 6 (0.70%) Publishing
13 5 (0.58%) Advertising
14 3 (0.35%) Automotive
14 3 (0.35%) Back Office
15 2 (0.23%) Financial Institution
15 2 (0.23%) Legal
Job Titles
1 387 (44.95%) Developer
2 161 (18.70%) Java Developer
3 114 (13.24%) Architect
4 91 (10.57%) Data Engineer
5 57 (6.62%) Analyst
5 57 (6.62%) Senior Developer
6 54 (6.27%) Integration Developer
7 41 (4.76%) Data Architect
8 36 (4.18%) DevOps Engineer
9 35 (4.07%) Solutions Architect
10 32 (3.72%) Full Stack Developer
10 32 (3.72%) Software Engineer
11 29 (3.37%) Data Analyst
12 28 (3.25%) Senior Java Developer
13 27 (3.14%) Technical Architect
14 26 (3.02%) AWS Engineer
15 25 (2.90%) SQL Developer
16 24 (2.79%) C# Developer
16 24 (2.79%) DBA
17 22 (2.56%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 186 (21.60%) Spring
2 137 (15.91%) REST
3 126 (14.63%) HTML
4 113 (13.12%) Web Services
5 110 (12.78%) Middleware
6 88 (10.22%) Apache Camel
7 86 (9.99%) JSON
8 83 (9.64%) .NET
9 78 (9.06%) Hibernate
10 76 (8.83%) XML
11 72 (8.36%) CSS
12 70 (8.13%) AngularJS
13 69 (8.01%) JMS
14 60 (6.97%) Kafka
15 59 (6.85%) HTML5
15 59 (6.85%) Spring Integration
16 57 (6.62%) Spring Boot
17 49 (5.69%) Node.js
18 46 (5.34%) RESTful
19 43 (4.99%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 132 (15.33%) Analytical Skills
2 54 (6.27%) Enterprise Software
3 42 (4.88%) Clustering
4 38 (4.41%) Data Structures
5 29 (3.37%) Fixed Income
6 23 (2.67%) User Experience
7 22 (2.56%) Management Information System
7 22 (2.56%) Self-Motivation
8 20 (2.32%) Reference Data
9 17 (1.97%) Public Cloud
10 16 (1.86%) Equities
11 14 (1.63%) Credit Risk
12 13 (1.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 12 (1.39%) Algorithms
13 12 (1.39%) CMDB
14 11 (1.28%) Virtual Team
15 10 (1.16%) FMCG
15 10 (1.16%) Greenfield Project
16 9 (1.05%) Cloud Native
16 9 (1.05%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 225 (26.13%) Linux
2 139 (16.14%) Unix
3 58 (6.74%) Windows
4 19 (2.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 17 (1.97%) Mac OS X
6 10 (1.16%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.46%) Amazon Linux
8 3 (0.35%) VME
8 3 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.23%) Android
9 2 (0.23%) Apple iOS
9 2 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.12%) AIX
10 1 (0.12%) CentOS
10 1 (0.12%) Solaris
10 1 (0.12%) SUSE
10 1 (0.12%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 320 (37.17%) Agile Software Development
2 152 (17.65%) DevOps
3 151 (17.54%) Microservices
4 145 (16.84%) ETL
5 135 (15.68%) Continuous Integration
6 130 (15.10%) Data Modelling
7 114 (13.24%) TDD
8 113 (13.12%) Business Intelligence
8 113 (13.12%) Test Automation
9 112 (13.01%) Problem-Solving
10 109 (12.66%) OO
11 94 (10.92%) Performance Tuning
12 89 (10.34%) Unit Testing
13 88 (10.22%) Scrum
13 88 (10.22%) Software Engineering
14 82 (9.52%) Analytics
15 79 (9.18%) Migration
16 71 (8.25%) Data Integration
17 68 (7.90%) Data Science
18 66 (7.67%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 390 (45.30%) SQL
2 307 (35.66%) Java
3 197 (22.88%) Python
4 141 (16.38%) JavaScript
5 80 (9.29%) C#
6 56 (6.50%) Java 8
7 52 (6.04%) PL/SQL
7 52 (6.04%) Scala
8 30 (3.48%) Perl
8 30 (3.48%) R
9 25 (2.90%) Shell Script
10 24 (2.79%) TypeScript
11 23 (2.67%) T-SQL
12 22 (2.56%) PHP
13 21 (2.44%) Go
14 19 (2.21%) Groovy
15 18 (2.09%) C++
15 18 (2.09%) PowerShell
15 18 (2.09%) Ruby
16 16 (1.86%) SPARQL
Qualifications
1 90 (10.45%) Security Cleared
2 74 (8.59%) Degree
2 74 (8.59%) SC Cleared
3 30 (3.48%) Computer Science Degree
4 21 (2.44%) Master's Degree
5 13 (1.51%) AWS Certification
6 10 (1.16%) BPSS Clearance
7 9 (1.05%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 4 (0.46%) DBS Check
9 4 (0.46%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
9 4 (0.46%) TOGAF Certification
10 3 (0.35%) ISEB
11 2 (0.23%) MBA
11 2 (0.23%) MCP
11 2 (0.23%) OCP
11 2 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
11 2 (0.23%) PhD
11 2 (0.23%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (3.37%) QA
2 18 (2.09%) Data Quality
3 14 (1.63%) GDPR
4 9 (1.05%) Dublin Core
5 6 (0.70%) MiFID
6 2 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.12%) CDISC
7 1 (0.12%) Def Stans
7 1 (0.12%) HL7
7 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 141 (16.38%) Docker
2 42 (4.88%) HDFS
3 12 (1.39%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.58%) Apache Flume
4 5 (0.58%) Oracle Clusterware
4 5 (0.58%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.23%) LXC
8 1 (0.12%) Platform Symphony
8 1 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 150 (17.42%) Kubernetes
2 65 (7.55%) Ansible
3 50 (5.81%) Terraform
4 29 (3.37%) Prometheus
5 23 (2.67%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (2.56%) Puppet
7 21 (2.44%) Istio
8 20 (2.32%) Kibana
9 8 (0.93%) Grafana
10 7 (0.81%) Data Guard
10 7 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
11 6 (0.70%) Oracle RMAN
11 6 (0.70%) Red Hat Satellite
12 4 (0.46%) Nagios
12 4 (0.46%) Oracle Flashback
13 3 (0.35%) Control-M
13 3 (0.35%) Graylog
13 3 (0.35%) Rancher
13 3 (0.35%) Salt
14 2 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 221 (25.67%) Oracle
2 92 (10.69%) Microsoft
3 48 (5.57%) Cloudera
4 36 (4.18%) Sybase
5 33 (3.83%) Google
6 24 (2.79%) SAP
7 22 (2.56%) Alteryx
7 22 (2.56%) IBM
8 21 (2.44%) Red Hat
9 20 (2.32%) Dataiku
10 19 (2.21%) Salesforce.com
11 17 (1.97%) Talend
12 16 (1.86%) Databricks
12 16 (1.86%) Splunk
13 14 (1.63%) Murex
14 13 (1.51%) Atlassian
14 13 (1.51%) MuleSoft
15 10 (1.16%) F5
15 10 (1.16%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
15 10 (1.16%) ServiceNow