Period
to 17 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 17 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
17 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 120 97 92
Rank change year-on-year -23 -5 +32
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,853 2,490 2,362
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.04% 2.50% 2.60%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.22% 11.13% 11.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,188 1,698 1,496
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £448
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +8.94% +4.07%
10th Percentile £361 £338 £310
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £410
% change year-on-year +2.86% +6.70% +2.51%
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 19 16
UK median hourly rate £44.57 £40.50 £16.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.04% +146.20% -54.31%
10th Percentile £16.89 £28.94 £10.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £74.50 £52.17
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.50 £40.00 £16.45
% change year-on-year +11.25% +143.16% -54.31%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 20,102 22,378 20,560
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.18% 22.51% 22.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,777 15,564 13,720
UK median daily rate £475 £465 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.15% +6.29% +2.94%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £631 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +4.24% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 241 231 266
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £28.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +23.89% -6.93%
10th Percentile £14.00 £14.00 £9.94
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £52.09
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £27.50
% change year-on-year - +27.27% -10.57%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 17 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 1,628 £500 - 120
London -31 922 £550 +2.33% 50
UK excluding London -30 886 £450 +2.86% 80
South East -51 267 £450 -10.00% 23
North of England +6 163 £475 +15.15% 22
Scotland +18 157 £425 +6.25% 10
Midlands -11 106 £400 -5.82% 4
South West -7 89 £463 +5.71% 7
Yorkshire +21 83 £500 +17.65% 10
East of England 0 70 £433 +1.76% 14
North West -37 60 £432 +15.20% 5
West Midlands -29 54 £425 -3.41% 2
East Midlands +18 51 £400 +8.11% 2
Wales -50 21 £478 +12.35%
North East +22 20 £469 -1.32% 7
Northern Ireland -15 12 £456 +5.74%
Channel Islands - 2 - -
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 17 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 832 (44.90%) SQL
2 810 (43.71%) Agile Software Development
3 737 (39.77%) RDBMS
4 719 (38.80%) Java
5 516 (27.85%) Oracle
6 493 (26.61%) SQL Server
7 442 (23.85%) Linux
8 403 (21.75%) JavaScript
9 355 (19.16%) Python
10 354 (19.10%) HTML
11 346 (18.67%) TDD
11 346 (18.67%) Git (software)
12 332 (17.92%) Amazon AWS
13 329 (17.75%) Test Automation
14 327 (17.65%) Finance
15 322 (17.38%) Microservices
16 314 (16.95%) MySQL
17 301 (16.24%) Scrum
17 301 (16.24%) NoSQL
18 299 (16.14%) DevOps
19 289 (15.60%) Continuous Integration
19 289 (15.60%) Unix
20 279 (15.06%) Web Services
20 279 (15.06%) Spring
21 262 (14.14%) CSS
21 262 (14.14%) C#
22 259 (13.98%) REST
23 257 (13.87%) Jenkins
24 256 (13.82%) MongoDB
25 255 (13.76%) OO

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 111 (5.99%) Apache Spark
2 104 (5.61%) Confluence
3 100 (5.40%) Apache
4 60 (3.24%) Elasticsearch
5 47 (2.54%) JBoss
6 46 (2.48%) WebSphere
7 43 (2.32%) Tomcat
8 40 (2.16%) SAS
8 40 (2.16%) WebLogic
9 33 (1.78%) SharePoint
10 25 (1.35%) WebSphere Application Server
11 23 (1.24%) Documentum
11 23 (1.24%) nginx
12 22 (1.19%) CMS
12 22 (1.19%) Mule
13 15 (0.81%) GlassFish
14 13 (0.70%) Apache Airflow
14 13 (0.70%) NetWeaver
14 13 (0.70%) OpenStack
15 10 (0.54%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 84 (4.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 34 (1.83%) Microsoft Office
3 28 (1.51%) MS Visio
4 18 (0.97%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 17 (0.92%) Microsoft Project
6 13 (0.70%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.11%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.054%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.054%) GIMP
8 1 (0.054%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.054%) SPSS
8 1 (0.054%) Stata
8 1 (0.054%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 18 (0.97%) Oracle Applications
1 18 (0.97%) Oracle EBS
2 17 (0.92%) Oracle EBS R12
3 14 (0.76%) SAP ERP
4 13 (0.70%) SAP Hybris
5 5 (0.27%) Magento
5 5 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.22%) Adobe Campaign
6 4 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
7 3 (0.16%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 3 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
7 3 (0.16%) Infor M3
7 3 (0.16%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.16%) Oracle 11i
7 3 (0.16%) SAP R/3
7 3 (0.16%) Teamcenter
8 2 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
8 2 (0.11%) Summit
8 2 (0.11%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 332 (17.92%) Amazon AWS
2 237 (12.79%) Microsoft Azure
3 89 (4.80%) Power Platform
4 64 (3.45%) Amazon S3
5 57 (3.08%) Amazon EC2
6 56 (3.02%) Google Cloud Platform
7 50 (2.70%) Serverless
8 45 (2.43%) AWS Lambda
9 44 (2.37%) AWS CloudFormation
10 40 (2.16%) GitHub
11 36 (1.94%) Amazon SQS
12 29 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
12 29 (1.57%) OpenShift
13 23 (1.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 23 (1.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 22 (1.19%) AWS CloudTrail
14 22 (1.19%) PaaS
15 20 (1.08%) npm
16 19 (1.03%) Amazon Glacier
16 19 (1.03%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 196 (10.58%) HTTP
2 86 (4.64%) TCP/IP
3 75 (4.05%) FTP
4 70 (3.78%) DNS
4 70 (3.78%) SSL
5 57 (3.08%) DHCP
6 53 (2.86%) IPsec
7 40 (2.16%) Firewall
7 40 (2.16%) Internet
8 32 (1.73%) WAN
9 18 (0.97%) LAN
10 17 (0.92%) SAN
11 16 (0.86%) Intrusion Detection
11 16 (0.86%) Network Security
12 7 (0.38%) VPN
13 6 (0.32%) AMQP
13 6 (0.32%) HTTPS
13 6 (0.32%) SMTP
13 6 (0.32%) SNMP
14 5 (0.27%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 737 (39.77%) RDBMS
2 493 (26.61%) SQL Server
3 314 (16.95%) MySQL
4 301 (16.24%) NoSQL
5 256 (13.82%) MongoDB
6 235 (12.68%) Data Warehouse
7 180 (9.71%) Oracle Database
7 180 (9.71%) PostgreSQL
8 178 (9.61%) Big Data
9 126 (6.80%) Hadoop
10 96 (5.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 83 (4.48%) Power BI
12 81 (4.37%) Apache Cassandra
13 80 (4.32%) Apache Hive
14 69 (3.72%) Oracle Database 11g
15 61 (3.29%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 59 (3.18%) DB2
17 52 (2.81%) Data Lake
18 51 (2.75%) Neo4j
19 50 (2.70%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 346 (18.67%) Git (software)
2 257 (13.87%) Jenkins
3 181 (9.77%) JIRA
4 130 (7.02%) Maven
5 124 (6.69%) Subversion
6 108 (5.83%) JUnit
7 79 (4.26%) Cucumber
8 69 (3.72%) Mockito
9 68 (3.67%) Selenium
10 51 (2.75%) Travis CI
11 43 (2.32%) Visual Studio Team System
12 41 (2.21%) Bitbucket
13 40 (2.16%) Visual Studio
14 37 (2.00%) Team Foundation Server
15 34 (1.83%) Hudson
16 30 (1.62%) Sonatype Nexus
17 29 (1.57%) TeamCity
18 26 (1.40%) Ant
19 25 (1.35%) SonarQube
20 22 (1.19%) GitLab
General
1 327 (17.65%) Finance
2 198 (10.69%) Banking
3 104 (5.61%) Investment Banking
4 62 (3.35%) Front Office
5 54 (2.91%) Marketing
5 54 (2.91%) Retail
6 32 (1.73%) Legal
7 25 (1.35%) Financial Institution
7 25 (1.35%) Games
8 22 (1.19%) Manufacturing
9 21 (1.13%) Telecoms
10 18 (0.97%) Electronics
11 16 (0.86%) Law
12 14 (0.76%) Back Office
13 9 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (0.32%) Billing
14 6 (0.32%) Publishing
15 5 (0.27%) Advertising
15 5 (0.27%) Online Betting
15 5 (0.27%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 959 (51.75%) Developer
2 323 (17.43%) Java Developer
3 164 (8.85%) Architect
4 155 (8.36%) Analyst
5 124 (6.69%) Senior Developer
6 97 (5.23%) Full Stack Developer
7 86 (4.64%) DBA
8 82 (4.43%) DevOps Engineer
9 78 (4.21%) Data Engineer
10 74 (3.99%) Consultant
11 65 (3.51%) .NET Developer
12 64 (3.45%) Python Developer
13 60 (3.24%) Scala Developer
13 60 (3.24%) SQL Developer
14 58 (3.13%) Senior Java Developer
15 56 (3.02%) C# Developer
16 55 (2.97%) Data Analyst
17 49 (2.64%) Oracle DBA
18 44 (2.37%) AWS Developer
19 43 (2.32%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 354 (19.10%) HTML
2 279 (15.06%) Spring
2 279 (15.06%) Web Services
3 262 (14.14%) CSS
4 259 (13.98%) REST
5 232 (12.52%) XML
6 223 (12.03%) JSON
7 221 (11.93%) .NET
8 220 (11.87%) RESTful
9 215 (11.60%) AngularJS
10 120 (6.48%) HTML5
11 119 (6.42%) Node.js
12 117 (6.31%) SOAP
13 110 (5.94%) J2EE
14 106 (5.72%) Kafka
15 96 (5.18%) Hibernate
15 96 (5.18%) React
16 93 (5.02%) ASP.NET
17 87 (4.70%) Middleware
18 86 (4.64%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 189 (10.20%) Analytical Skills
2 91 (4.91%) Data Structures
3 64 (3.45%) Management Information System
4 63 (3.40%) Algorithms
5 54 (2.91%) Self-Motivation
6 52 (2.81%) Enterprise Software
7 50 (2.70%) Greenfield Project
8 39 (2.10%) Public Cloud
9 36 (1.94%) Replication
10 27 (1.46%) Data Centre
11 25 (1.35%) Mobile App
12 21 (1.13%) Clustering
12 21 (1.13%) User Experience
13 19 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 15 (0.81%) Credit Risk
14 15 (0.81%) Fixed Income
14 15 (0.81%) SWIFT
15 14 (0.76%) NHS
15 14 (0.76%) Virtual Team
16 13 (0.70%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 442 (23.85%) Linux
2 289 (15.60%) Unix
3 176 (9.50%) Windows
4 56 (3.02%) Mac OS X
5 42 (2.27%) AIX
6 30 (1.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 25 (1.35%) Windows Server
8 23 (1.24%) Solaris
9 17 (0.92%) Apple iOS
10 16 (0.86%) Android
10 16 (0.86%) Oracle Linux
11 10 (0.54%) CentOS
11 10 (0.54%) VMS
12 6 (0.32%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
13 5 (0.27%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.27%) zOS
14 4 (0.22%) Windows 7
14 4 (0.22%) Windows 8
14 4 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 810 (43.71%) Agile Software Development
2 346 (18.67%) TDD
3 329 (17.75%) Test Automation
4 322 (17.38%) Microservices
5 301 (16.24%) Scrum
6 299 (16.14%) DevOps
7 289 (15.60%) Continuous Integration
8 255 (13.76%) OO
9 237 (12.79%) ETL
10 221 (11.93%) Data Modelling
11 211 (11.39%) Problem-Solving
12 207 (11.17%) Business Intelligence
13 192 (10.36%) Open Source
14 176 (9.50%) BDD
14 176 (9.50%) MVC
15 164 (8.85%) Analytics
16 161 (8.69%) Configuration Management
17 156 (8.42%) Kanban
18 151 (8.15%) SDLC
19 140 (7.56%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 832 (44.90%) SQL
2 719 (38.80%) Java
3 403 (21.75%) JavaScript
4 355 (19.16%) Python
5 262 (14.14%) C#
6 139 (7.50%) Scala
7 111 (5.99%) PL/SQL
8 109 (5.88%) Shell Script
9 102 (5.50%) Java 8
10 89 (4.80%) Ruby
10 89 (4.80%) T-SQL
11 70 (3.78%) Perl
12 56 (3.02%) Bash Shell
12 56 (3.02%) C++
13 51 (2.75%) PHP
14 49 (2.64%) VBA
15 45 (2.43%) TypeScript
16 44 (2.37%) PowerShell
17 43 (2.32%) R
18 27 (1.46%) Go
Qualifications
1 154 (8.31%) Security Cleared
2 137 (7.39%) Degree
3 107 (5.77%) SC Cleared
4 47 (2.54%) Computer Science Degree
5 43 (2.32%) BPSS Clearance
6 25 (1.35%) DV Cleared
7 15 (0.81%) Master's Degree
8 13 (0.70%) CTC Cleared
8 13 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
9 12 (0.65%) Oracle Certification
10 11 (0.59%) OCP
11 10 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
12 9 (0.49%) Sun Certification
13 7 (0.38%) ITIL Certification
13 7 (0.38%) MCP
13 7 (0.38%) SAP Certification
14 5 (0.27%) ISTQB
14 5 (0.27%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 5 (0.27%) OCPJP
15 4 (0.22%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (3.13%) QA
2 55 (2.97%) Data Quality
3 15 (0.81%) GDPR
4 10 (0.54%) SLA
5 8 (0.43%) HL7
6 6 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
7 4 (0.22%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.16%) COBIT
8 3 (0.16%) WCAG
9 2 (0.11%) Basel III
9 2 (0.11%) ISO 14001
9 2 (0.11%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.11%) MiFID
10 1 (0.054%) CRD IV
10 1 (0.054%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.054%) EMIR
10 1 (0.054%) IFRS
10 1 (0.054%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.054%) Solvency II
System Software
1 235 (12.68%) Docker
2 59 (3.18%) Active Directory
3 58 (3.13%) Virtual Machines
4 42 (2.27%) Oracle RAC
5 30 (1.62%) HDFS
6 23 (1.24%) VMware Infrastructure
7 9 (0.49%) Apache Flume
8 7 (0.38%) KVM
8 7 (0.38%) XenApp
9 6 (0.32%) Microsoft App-V
9 6 (0.32%) XenDesktop
10 5 (0.27%) vSphere
11 4 (0.22%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 2 (0.11%) Forefront TMG
13 2 (0.11%) vCloud
14 1 (0.054%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 1 (0.054%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 1 (0.054%) Terminal Server
14 1 (0.054%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 152 (8.20%) Kubernetes
2 111 (5.99%) Ansible
3 100 (5.40%) Puppet
4 86 (4.64%) Opscode Chef
5 59 (3.18%) Terraform
6 30 (1.62%) Oracle RMAN
7 20 (1.08%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 18 (0.97%) Kibana
9 16 (0.86%) Control-M
9 16 (0.86%) Data Guard
9 16 (0.86%) Packer
10 15 (0.81%) Consul
11 14 (0.76%) Single Sign-On
12 13 (0.70%) HP Quality Center
13 12 (0.65%) Hadoop YARN
14 9 (0.49%) HP ALM
15 7 (0.38%) Docker Swarm
15 7 (0.38%) SCCM
16 4 (0.22%) logstash
16 4 (0.22%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 516 (27.85%) Oracle
2 244 (13.17%) Microsoft
3 85 (4.59%) IBM
4 83 (4.48%) Google
5 66 (3.56%) SAP
6 65 (3.51%) Informatica
7 54 (2.91%) Tableau
8 51 (2.75%) Atlassian
9 43 (2.32%) VMware
10 40 (2.16%) Red Hat
11 31 (1.67%) hybris
12 30 (1.62%) Sybase
13 28 (1.51%) Salesforce.com
14 22 (1.19%) Adobe
14 22 (1.19%) MuleSoft
15 21 (1.13%) HP
16 19 (1.03%) Cognos
17 18 (0.97%) MapR
17 18 (0.97%) Talend
18 17 (0.92%) ServiceNow