Period
to 6 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 6 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
6 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 139 109 109
Rank change year-on-year -30 0 +4
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,523 2,542 2,403
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.87% 2.42% 2.31%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.78% 10.76% 10.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 969 1,632 1,600
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.20% +2.00% +6.74%
10th Percentile £330 £338 £313
90th Percentile £644 £650 £630
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +2.94% - +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 19 24
UK median hourly rate £33.75 £35.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.57% +16.67% -29.41%
10th Percentile £15.81 £17.03 £12.32
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.50 £29.99 £30.58
% change year-on-year -8.30% -1.91% -28.06%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 17,341 23,627 22,879
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.28% 22.53% 22.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,677 16,476 15,673
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £319 £313 £310
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 260 253 280
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £32.50 £30.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.56% +8.93%
10th Percentile £13.06 £13.75 £14.00
90th Percentile £65.00 £57.50 £57.06
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £34.25 £35.00
% change year-on-year -12.41% -2.14% +25.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 6 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -34 1,319 £500 - 528
London -37 743 £550 - 217
UK excluding London -35 738 £438 +2.94% 380
South East +11 230 £425 -5.56% 96
Scotland -5 124 £444 +4.41% 42
North of England -21 122 £425 +6.25% 86
Midlands -45 80 £425 -5.56% 58
South West -32 74 £431 +1.47% 25
North West -8 73 £400 +2.56% 51
East of England +8 69 £450 -5.26% 45
West Midlands -10 47 £450 - 36
Yorkshire -3 44 £488 +8.33% 26
East Midlands -26 33 £425 -12.82% 22
Wales -12 22 £450 +8.43% 26
Northern Ireland -11 17 £460 +11.65% 3
North East +12 5 £488 +5.41% 9

For the 6 months to 6 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 708 (46.49%) SQL
2 684 (44.91%) Agile Software Development
3 518 (34.01%) RDBMS
4 516 (33.88%) Java
5 398 (26.13%) SQL Server
6 376 (24.69%) Oracle
7 347 (22.78%) Python
8 331 (21.73%) JavaScript
9 330 (21.67%) Azure
10 320 (21.01%) AWS
11 318 (20.88%) MySQL
12 290 (19.04%) HTML
13 289 (18.98%) DevOps
14 285 (18.71%) Finance
15 268 (17.60%) Git (software)
16 263 (17.27%) TDD
17 257 (16.87%) CSS
18 254 (16.68%) Microservices
19 250 (16.41%) Test Automation
19 250 (16.41%) Continuous Integration
20 247 (16.22%) Linux
21 233 (15.30%) ETL
22 226 (14.84%) Microsoft
23 222 (14.58%) PostgreSQL
23 222 (14.58%) Problem-Solving
24 219 (14.38%) Analytics
25 218 (14.31%) C#
26 215 (14.12%) Web Services
26 215 (14.12%) Scrum
27 200 (13.13%) Software Engineering

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (6.83%) Apache Spark
2 89 (5.84%) Apache
3 70 (4.60%) Confluence
4 49 (3.22%) Elasticsearch
5 44 (2.89%) Tomcat
6 39 (2.56%) SharePoint
7 36 (2.36%) nginx
8 27 (1.77%) SAS
9 19 (1.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 18 (1.18%) CMS
10 18 (1.18%) IIS
10 18 (1.18%) JBoss
11 13 (0.85%) Apache Airflow
12 12 (0.79%) WebSphere
13 9 (0.59%) WebLogic
14 8 (0.53%) Jupyter
15 7 (0.46%) ArcGIS
15 7 (0.46%) Camunda
16 6 (0.39%) NetWeaver
16 6 (0.39%) WordPress
Applications
1 78 (5.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 34 (2.23%) Microsoft Office
3 16 (1.05%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.59%) XMetaL
5 8 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.20%) GNU Octave
8 1 (0.066%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.066%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.066%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 20 (1.31%) FINCAD Analytics
2 16 (1.05%) Sonata
3 12 (0.79%) Magento
4 9 (0.59%) Adobe Campaign
4 9 (0.59%) Dynamics AX
4 9 (0.59%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 8 (0.53%) PolarLake
6 7 (0.46%) NetSuite
7 6 (0.39%) Markit EDM
7 6 (0.39%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 5 (0.33%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 4 (0.26%) SAP BPC
10 3 (0.20%) R3 Corda
11 2 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
11 2 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
11 2 (0.13%) SAP Bank Analyzer
12 1 (0.066%) Dynamics NAV
12 1 (0.066%) Global One
12 1 (0.066%) RMDS
12 1 (0.066%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 330 (21.67%) Azure
2 320 (21.01%) AWS
3 125 (8.21%) GCP
4 116 (7.62%) Power Platform
5 77 (5.06%) GitHub
6 48 (3.15%) Amazon S3
7 44 (2.89%) SaaS
7 44 (2.89%) Serverless
8 41 (2.69%) PaaS
9 29 (1.90%) Amazon SQS
9 29 (1.90%) AWS Step Functions
9 29 (1.90%) Azure Data Factory
10 25 (1.64%) Amazon EC2
11 24 (1.58%) AWS Lambda
12 22 (1.44%) Amazon EMR
13 20 (1.31%) OpenShift
14 18 (1.18%) Cloud Computing
15 16 (1.05%) Azure Functions
16 14 (0.92%) IaaS
16 14 (0.92%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 80 (5.25%) HTTP
2 35 (2.30%) TCP/IP
3 22 (1.44%) DNS
3 22 (1.44%) SSL
4 18 (1.18%) FTP
4 18 (1.18%) Internet
5 17 (1.12%) DSL
6 16 (1.05%) SSH
7 14 (0.92%) Firewall
8 13 (0.85%) WAN
9 12 (0.79%) DHCP
10 11 (0.72%) IPsec
10 11 (0.72%) LAN
11 8 (0.53%) SAN
12 7 (0.46%) Broadband
12 7 (0.46%) POP3
12 7 (0.46%) SMTP
12 7 (0.46%) VPN
13 5 (0.33%) Modbus
13 5 (0.33%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 518 (34.01%) RDBMS
2 398 (26.13%) SQL Server
3 318 (20.88%) MySQL
4 222 (14.58%) PostgreSQL
5 186 (12.21%) NoSQL
6 172 (11.29%) Data Warehouse
7 158 (10.37%) MongoDB
8 133 (8.73%) Big Data
9 122 (8.01%) Hadoop
10 116 (7.62%) Power BI
11 99 (6.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 80 (5.25%) Apache Cassandra
13 79 (5.19%) Redis
14 77 (5.06%) Oracle Database
15 64 (4.20%) DB2
16 60 (3.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 52 (3.41%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 51 (3.35%) Amazon Aurora
18 51 (3.35%) Azure SQL Database
19 48 (3.15%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 268 (17.60%) Git (software)
2 174 (11.42%) Jenkins
3 162 (10.64%) JIRA
4 74 (4.86%) Selenium
5 66 (4.33%) Cucumber
6 47 (3.09%) JUnit
7 46 (3.02%) TeamCity
8 44 (2.89%) Maven
9 36 (2.36%) Visual Studio
9 36 (2.36%) Visual Studio Team System
10 35 (2.30%) Subversion
11 33 (2.17%) Mockito
12 28 (1.84%) Mocha
13 26 (1.71%) SonarQube
14 25 (1.64%) Grunt
15 23 (1.51%) NUnit
16 19 (1.25%) GitLab
16 19 (1.25%) Team Foundation Server
16 19 (1.25%) webpack
17 17 (1.12%) Gradle
General
1 285 (18.71%) Finance
2 131 (8.60%) Banking
3 97 (6.37%) Public Sector
4 70 (4.60%) Front Office
5 48 (3.15%) Investment Banking
6 47 (3.09%) Retail
7 45 (2.95%) Telecoms
8 44 (2.89%) Marketing
9 27 (1.77%) Games
10 21 (1.38%) Legal
11 15 (0.98%) Manufacturing
11 15 (0.98%) Pharmaceutical
11 15 (0.98%) Publishing
12 10 (0.66%) Advertising
13 9 (0.59%) Electronics
14 8 (0.53%) Financial Institution
15 7 (0.46%) Retail Banking
16 5 (0.33%) Automotive
16 5 (0.33%) Local Government
17 4 (0.26%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 785 (51.54%) Developer
2 177 (11.62%) Java Developer
3 134 (8.80%) Analyst
4 119 (7.81%) Senior Developer
5 118 (7.75%) Architect
6 95 (6.24%) Data Engineer
7 78 (5.12%) Software Engineer
8 76 (4.99%) Python Developer
9 72 (4.73%) C# Developer
10 71 (4.66%) .NET Developer
11 61 (4.01%) Data Analyst
12 59 (3.87%) Full Stack Developer
13 58 (3.81%) AWS Developer
14 55 (3.61%) DevOps Engineer
15 50 (3.28%) Java Engineer
16 49 (3.22%) Scala Developer
17 48 (3.15%) Angular Developer
18 44 (2.89%) AWS Engineer
18 44 (2.89%) Consultant
19 39 (2.56%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 290 (19.04%) HTML
2 257 (16.87%) CSS
3 215 (14.12%) Web Services
4 190 (12.48%) .NET
5 179 (11.75%) XML
6 171 (11.23%) REST
6 171 (11.23%) Spring
7 165 (10.83%) AngularJS
8 159 (10.44%) RESTful
9 151 (9.91%) JSON
10 133 (8.73%) React
11 130 (8.54%) HTML5
12 116 (7.62%) Kafka
13 114 (7.49%) Node.js
14 75 (4.92%) J2EE
15 70 (4.60%) jQuery
16 69 (4.53%) .NET Framework
17 67 (4.40%) CSS3
18 65 (4.27%) Ajax
19 57 (3.74%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 152 (9.98%) Analytical Skills
2 67 (4.40%) Greenfield Project
3 57 (3.74%) Data Structures
4 46 (3.02%) Fixed Income
5 42 (2.76%) Derivative
5 42 (2.76%) Mobile App
6 38 (2.50%) Enterprise Software
7 37 (2.43%) User Experience
8 35 (2.30%) Algorithms
8 35 (2.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 34 (2.23%) Self-Motivation
10 29 (1.90%) Clustering
11 27 (1.77%) Management Information System
12 25 (1.64%) Public Cloud
13 23 (1.51%) Client/Server
14 22 (1.44%) Equity Derivative
14 22 (1.44%) Hedge funds
14 22 (1.44%) Pricing Data
15 19 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
15 19 (1.25%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 247 (16.22%) Linux
2 143 (9.39%) Unix
3 100 (6.57%) Windows
4 36 (2.36%) Windows Server
5 24 (1.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 18 (1.18%) CentOS
7 16 (1.05%) Mac OS X
7 16 (1.05%) Solaris
8 11 (0.72%) Windows Server 2012
9 10 (0.66%) Ubuntu
9 10 (0.66%) VMS
10 7 (0.46%) Android
10 7 (0.46%) Apple iOS
10 7 (0.46%) Windows 7
10 7 (0.46%) Windows 8
10 7 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.26%) AIX
12 3 (0.20%) zOS
13 1 (0.066%) Debian
13 1 (0.066%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 684 (44.91%) Agile Software Development
2 289 (18.98%) DevOps
3 263 (17.27%) TDD
4 254 (16.68%) Microservices
5 250 (16.41%) Continuous Integration
5 250 (16.41%) Test Automation
6 233 (15.30%) ETL
7 222 (14.58%) Problem-Solving
8 219 (14.38%) Analytics
9 215 (14.12%) Scrum
10 200 (13.13%) Software Engineering
11 194 (12.74%) Business Intelligence
12 186 (12.21%) Data Modelling
13 170 (11.16%) OO
14 151 (9.91%) Migration
15 138 (9.06%) MVC
16 108 (7.09%) Mentoring
17 101 (6.63%) SDLC
18 99 (6.50%) Kanban
19 96 (6.30%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 708 (46.49%) SQL
2 516 (33.88%) Java
3 347 (22.78%) Python
4 331 (21.73%) JavaScript
5 218 (14.31%) C#
6 111 (7.29%) Scala
7 84 (5.52%) PHP
8 72 (4.73%) Java 8
9 70 (4.60%) T-SQL
10 65 (4.27%) PowerShell
11 64 (4.20%) Ruby
12 61 (4.01%) TypeScript
13 52 (3.41%) Shell Script
14 41 (2.69%) C++
15 34 (2.23%) PL/SQL
16 33 (2.17%) Bash Shell
17 29 (1.90%) Perl
17 29 (1.90%) R
18 28 (1.84%) C
19 27 (1.77%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 125 (8.21%) Security Cleared
2 92 (6.04%) SC Cleared
3 88 (5.78%) Degree
4 35 (2.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (1.51%) BPSS Clearance
6 20 (1.31%) Microsoft Certification
7 12 (0.79%) Master's Degree
8 10 (0.66%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
9 7 (0.46%) Oracle Certification
10 6 (0.39%) HNC
10 6 (0.39%) OCP
11 5 (0.33%) CCIE
11 5 (0.33%) CCNP
11 5 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
11 5 (0.33%) SAS Certification
12 4 (0.26%) MCP
12 4 (0.26%) MCSE
12 4 (0.26%) SAP Certification
13 3 (0.20%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (3.55%) QA
2 39 (2.56%) Data Quality
3 16 (1.05%) GDPR
4 11 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 11 (0.72%) SLA
5 7 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
6 6 (0.39%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 5 (0.33%) IFRS
7 5 (0.33%) Solvency II
8 3 (0.20%) EMIR
8 3 (0.20%) MiFID
9 2 (0.13%) COBIT
9 2 (0.13%) NCSC
10 1 (0.066%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.066%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 1 (0.066%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.066%) HL7
10 1 (0.066%) NIST
10 1 (0.066%) PMO
System Software
1 159 (10.44%) Docker
2 41 (2.69%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.79%) HDFS
4 10 (0.66%) Apache Flume
5 9 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.46%) Virtual Desktop
6 7 (0.46%) Virtual Servers
6 7 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
7 5 (0.33%) Xen
8 4 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
8 4 (0.26%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 3 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.20%) vSphere
10 2 (0.13%) NFS
10 2 (0.13%) Samba
10 2 (0.13%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 1 (0.066%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 148 (9.72%) Kubernetes
2 75 (4.92%) Terraform
3 66 (4.33%) Ansible
4 44 (2.89%) Puppet
5 42 (2.76%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (1.90%) Kibana
7 23 (1.51%) Single Sign-On
8 18 (1.18%) Grafana
9 11 (0.72%) Oozie
10 10 (0.66%) Istio
10 10 (0.66%) linkerd
11 8 (0.53%) HP ALM
11 8 (0.53%) Nagios
12 7 (0.46%) SCCM
13 6 (0.39%) Data Guard
13 6 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
13 6 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
13 6 (0.39%) Prometheus
14 5 (0.33%) Consul
14 5 (0.33%) MIIS
Vendors
1 376 (24.69%) Oracle
2 226 (14.84%) Microsoft
3 104 (6.83%) Google
4 67 (4.40%) Sybase
5 58 (3.81%) Tableau
6 44 (2.89%) SAP
7 38 (2.50%) Salesforce.com
8 34 (2.23%) Atlassian
9 32 (2.10%) IBM
10 28 (1.84%) Talend
11 25 (1.64%) Informatica
12 22 (1.44%) Cloudera
13 21 (1.38%) MicroStrategy
13 21 (1.38%) Splunk
14 20 (1.31%) Red Hat
14 20 (1.31%) Zend
15 19 (1.25%) Teradata
16 17 (1.12%) Databricks
16 17 (1.12%) MuleSoft
16 17 (1.12%) Vermilion