Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 144 139 119
Rank change year-on-year -5 -20 -18
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,022 935 1,965
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.79% 1.85% 2.15%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.52% 8.74% 9.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 694 627 1,286
10th Percentile £363 £350 £357
25th Percentile £425 £406 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% +3.31%
75th Percentile £613 £573 £575
90th Percentile £700 £647 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £430 £450
% change year-on-year +4.65% -4.44% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 16 23
10th Percentile £23.75 £16.92 £17.12
25th Percentile £33.75 £19.01 £18.19
Median hourly rate £55.00 £20.79 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +164.61% -56.24% +17.28%
75th Percentile £65.50 £26.96 £58.75
90th Percentile £71.38 £49.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £22.34 £50.00
% change year-on-year +146.25% -55.33% +24.22%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 11,994 10,696 20,590
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.99% 21.21% 22.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,190 7,355 14,308
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £406 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £480 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +2.15%
75th Percentile £599 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £450 £430
% change year-on-year -2.22% +4.65% +3.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 212 160 231
10th Percentile £11.49 £13.72 £13.25
25th Percentile £19.00 £18.19 £17.81
Median hourly rate £26.25 £24.70 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +6.28% -17.67% -
75th Percentile £45.00 £46.00 £47.50
90th Percentile £61.15 £58.15 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £22.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +6.67% -25.00% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 831 £540 +13.68% 393
London +1 541 £570 +9.62% 170
UK excluding London -9 316 £450 +4.65% 256
Work from Home -71 258 £495 -1.00% 91
South East +12 89 £523 +22.94% 57
Scotland -10 58 £413 -4.62% 25
North of England -8 52 £450 +5.88% 78
Midlands +9 42 £435 +0.29% 42
North West -6 35 £443 - 44
South West +32 34 £486 +8.06% 25
West Midlands +19 33 £435 -13.00% 27
East of England 0 20 £450 +2.86% 20
Wales -8 17 £413 -15.82% 6
Yorkshire +15 12 £450 +11.11% 27
North East +7 5 £530 +31.68% 7
East Midlands -5 5 £363 -14.71% 15
Northern Ireland +2 3 £431 +14.93% 3
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 540 (52.84%) SQL
2 382 (37.38%) Java
3 372 (36.40%) Agile Software Development
4 299 (29.26%) Python
5 285 (27.89%) RDBMS
6 284 (27.79%) Oracle
7 283 (27.69%) Social Skills
8 256 (25.05%) Finance
9 231 (22.60%) AWS
10 225 (22.02%) SQL Server
11 206 (20.16%) Spring
12 203 (19.86%) Linux
13 186 (18.20%) Banking
14 181 (17.71%) JavaScript
15 177 (17.32%) NoSQL
15 177 (17.32%) Azure
16 170 (16.63%) ETL
17 166 (16.24%) DevOps
18 164 (16.05%) Docker
19 162 (15.85%) Git (software)
20 159 (15.56%) Microservices
21 157 (15.36%) Analytical Skills
21 157 (15.36%) Jenkins
22 154 (15.07%) Data Modelling
22 154 (15.07%) Problem-Solving
23 153 (14.97%) Unix
24 152 (14.87%) Kubernetes
25 146 (14.29%) REST
26 140 (13.70%) Business Intelligence
27 137 (13.41%) TDD

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (8.61%) Apache Spark
2 62 (6.07%) Apache
3 57 (5.58%) Mule
4 42 (4.11%) Confluence
5 33 (3.23%) JBoss
6 29 (2.84%) Red Hat Fuse
7 28 (2.74%) Elasticsearch
8 24 (2.35%) Tomcat
9 20 (1.96%) WebLogic
10 19 (1.86%) Jupyter
11 12 (1.17%) Ethereum
11 12 (1.17%) SAS
12 11 (1.08%) CMS
12 11 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 10 (0.98%) Oracle Coherence
14 8 (0.78%) IIS
15 7 (0.68%) Liferay
16 6 (0.59%) nginx
16 6 (0.59%) SharePoint
16 6 (0.59%) WebSphere
Applications
1 41 (4.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (2.45%) Spreadsheet
3 8 (0.78%) Chatbot
3 8 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.20%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.098%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 12 (1.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
1 12 (1.17%) SunGard Martini
2 8 (0.78%) Distributed Ledger
2 8 (0.78%) Oracle EBS
3 7 (0.68%) Maximo
3 7 (0.68%) Oracle EBS R12
4 4 (0.39%) Magento
5 3 (0.29%) Oracle 11i
6 2 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.20%) Endur
6 2 (0.20%) Unit4 Business World
7 1 (0.098%) Adobe Campaign
7 1 (0.098%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.098%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.098%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.098%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.098%) SAP FI
7 1 (0.098%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 231 (22.60%) AWS
2 177 (17.32%) Azure
3 79 (7.73%) Power Platform
4 72 (7.05%) GCP
5 51 (4.99%) Amazon S3
6 30 (2.94%) OpenShift
7 28 (2.74%) Serverless
8 26 (2.54%) AWS CloudFormation
9 24 (2.35%) AWS Lambda
10 21 (2.05%) Amazon EC2
10 21 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
11 19 (1.86%) GitHub
11 19 (1.86%) PaaS
12 18 (1.76%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 17 (1.66%) IaaS
14 16 (1.57%) Amazon EMR
14 16 (1.57%) Azure Data Factory
15 14 (1.37%) Amazon Kinesis
16 12 (1.17%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 12 (1.17%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 42 (4.11%) HTTP
2 18 (1.76%) TCP/IP
3 12 (1.17%) LAN
3 12 (1.17%) SSL
4 10 (0.98%) RTMP
5 8 (0.78%) DNS
5 8 (0.78%) IPFS
5 8 (0.78%) VPN
6 6 (0.59%) Firewall
6 6 (0.59%) IPv4
6 6 (0.59%) IPv6
6 6 (0.59%) iSCSI
6 6 (0.59%) SMTP
7 4 (0.39%) POP3
7 4 (0.39%) VLAN
8 3 (0.29%) Internet
8 3 (0.29%) Network Security
8 3 (0.29%) tcpdump
8 3 (0.29%) WAN
8 3 (0.29%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 285 (27.89%) RDBMS
2 225 (22.02%) SQL Server
3 177 (17.32%) NoSQL
4 129 (12.62%) Data Warehouse
5 127 (12.43%) PostgreSQL
6 126 (12.33%) MySQL
7 103 (10.08%) Hadoop
8 101 (9.88%) Big Data
9 86 (8.41%) Oracle Database
10 77 (7.53%) MongoDB
11 73 (7.14%) Power BI
12 71 (6.95%) Tableau
13 51 (4.99%) Apache Hive
14 44 (4.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 41 (4.01%) Data Lake
16 38 (3.72%) Amazon Redshift
16 38 (3.72%) Impala
17 30 (2.94%) Oracle Database 12c
18 29 (2.84%) Apache Cassandra
18 29 (2.84%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 162 (15.85%) Git (software)
2 157 (15.36%) Jenkins
3 109 (10.67%) JIRA
4 69 (6.75%) Subversion
5 48 (4.70%) JUnit
5 48 (4.70%) Maven
6 36 (3.52%) TeamCity
7 33 (3.23%) Cucumber
8 30 (2.94%) Visual Studio
9 28 (2.74%) Selenium
10 25 (2.45%) Bitbucket
10 25 (2.45%) Oracle APEX
11 19 (1.86%) FishEye
11 19 (1.86%) GitLab
12 18 (1.76%) SonarQube
13 17 (1.66%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 16 (1.57%) Gradle
14 16 (1.57%) Sonatype Nexus
15 15 (1.47%) jMock
16 13 (1.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 283 (27.69%) Social Skills
2 256 (25.05%) Finance
3 186 (18.20%) Banking
4 157 (15.36%) Analytical Skills
5 93 (9.10%) Public Sector
6 65 (6.36%) Front Office
7 55 (5.38%) Investment Banking
8 27 (2.64%) Marketing
9 17 (1.66%) Documentation Skills
9 17 (1.66%) Influencing Skills
9 17 (1.66%) Presentation Skills
9 17 (1.66%) Retail Banking
10 16 (1.57%) Telecoms
11 15 (1.47%) Retail
12 14 (1.37%) Games
13 11 (1.08%) Electronics
14 10 (0.98%) Law
14 10 (0.98%) Manufacturing
15 8 (0.78%) Back Office
16 7 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 460 (45.01%) Developer
2 168 (16.44%) Java Developer
3 117 (11.45%) Data Engineer
4 112 (10.96%) Architect
5 84 (8.22%) Analyst
6 65 (6.36%) Senior Developer
7 52 (5.09%) Integration Developer
8 47 (4.60%) C# Developer
8 47 (4.60%) Data Architect
9 41 (4.01%) Data Analyst
10 40 (3.91%) Full Stack Developer
11 38 (3.72%) Python Developer
11 38 (3.72%) SQL Developer
12 34 (3.33%) Software Engineer
13 31 (3.03%) Senior Java Developer
13 31 (3.03%) Solutions Architect
14 27 (2.64%) Consultant
15 26 (2.54%) .NET Developer
16 25 (2.45%) DBA
17 24 (2.35%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 206 (20.16%) Spring
2 146 (14.29%) REST
3 133 (13.01%) Web Services
4 129 (12.62%) HTML
5 117 (11.45%) XML
6 115 (11.25%) .NET
7 106 (10.37%) JSON
8 88 (8.61%) AngularJS
9 87 (8.51%) Middleware
10 83 (8.12%) CSS
11 82 (8.02%) RESTful
12 78 (7.63%) Kafka
13 73 (7.14%) Apache Camel
14 71 (6.95%) Node.js
15 70 (6.85%) Hibernate
16 64 (6.26%) Spring Boot
17 63 (6.16%) JMS
18 55 (5.38%) HTML5
19 53 (5.19%) NumPy
19 53 (5.19%) React
Miscellaneous
1 45 (4.40%) Management Information System
2 42 (4.11%) Data Structures
3 38 (3.72%) Fixed Income
4 37 (3.62%) Enterprise Software
5 32 (3.13%) Clustering
6 30 (2.94%) Reference Data
7 24 (2.35%) Equities
8 23 (2.25%) Client/Server
8 23 (2.25%) Self-Motivation
9 22 (2.15%) User Experience
10 17 (1.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 17 (1.66%) Replication
11 16 (1.57%) Cloud Native
12 15 (1.47%) Linux Command Line
12 15 (1.47%) Public Cloud
13 14 (1.37%) Data Centre
13 14 (1.37%) Virtual Team
14 13 (1.27%) Algorithms
14 13 (1.27%) CMDB
14 13 (1.27%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 203 (19.86%) Linux
2 153 (14.97%) Unix
3 95 (9.30%) Windows
4 17 (1.66%) Mac OS X
5 12 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 12 (1.17%) Windows Server
6 7 (0.68%) Windows Server 2016
7 4 (0.39%) VME
8 3 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.20%) AIX
9 2 (0.20%) Android
9 2 (0.20%) Apple iOS
9 2 (0.20%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.20%) VMS
10 1 (0.098%) CentOS
10 1 (0.098%) OpenVMS
10 1 (0.098%) Solaris
10 1 (0.098%) SUSE
10 1 (0.098%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 372 (36.40%) Agile Software Development
2 170 (16.63%) ETL
3 166 (16.24%) DevOps
4 159 (15.56%) Microservices
5 154 (15.07%) Data Modelling
5 154 (15.07%) Problem-Solving
6 140 (13.70%) Business Intelligence
7 137 (13.41%) TDD
8 135 (13.21%) Test Automation
9 130 (12.72%) Analytics
10 124 (12.13%) Continuous Integration
11 120 (11.74%) OO
12 111 (10.86%) Software Engineering
13 107 (10.47%) Scrum
14 104 (10.18%) Migration
15 94 (9.20%) Data Science
16 92 (9.00%) Performance Tuning
17 89 (8.71%) Visualisation
18 85 (8.32%) SDLC
19 81 (7.93%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 540 (52.84%) SQL
2 382 (37.38%) Java
3 299 (29.26%) Python
4 181 (17.71%) JavaScript
5 131 (12.82%) C#
6 66 (6.46%) PL/SQL
7 65 (6.36%) Scala
8 61 (5.97%) Java 8
9 59 (5.77%) R
10 46 (4.50%) C++
11 39 (3.82%) Shell Script
12 38 (3.72%) T-SQL
13 34 (3.33%) Go
13 34 (3.33%) TypeScript
14 33 (3.23%) Perl
15 27 (2.64%) PowerShell
16 24 (2.35%) Ruby
17 23 (2.25%) PHP
18 20 (1.96%) VBA
19 19 (1.86%) VB
Qualifications
1 99 (9.69%) Security Cleared
2 97 (9.49%) Degree
3 78 (7.63%) SC Cleared
4 26 (2.54%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (1.76%) Master's Degree
6 13 (1.27%) BPSS Clearance
7 11 (1.08%) DV Cleared
8 10 (0.98%) AWS Certification
9 7 (0.68%) TOGAF Certification
10 6 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
11 5 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (0.49%) OCP
11 5 (0.49%) Oracle Certification
11 5 (0.49%) PhD
11 5 (0.49%) Postgraduate
12 4 (0.39%) DBS Check
12 4 (0.39%) ISTQB
12 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.20%) GIAC
13 2 (0.20%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (3.13%) QA
2 27 (2.64%) Data Quality
3 19 (1.86%) GDPR
4 6 (0.59%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.29%) MiFID
6 2 (0.20%) Dublin Core
6 2 (0.20%) HL7
6 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.098%) Def Stans
7 1 (0.098%) GRC
7 1 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.098%) PSD2
7 1 (0.098%) SLA
System Software
1 164 (16.05%) Docker
2 36 (3.52%) HDFS
3 14 (1.37%) Active Directory
4 8 (0.78%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.39%) Oracle Clusterware
5 4 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
6 3 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.098%) Platform Symphony
8 1 (0.098%) Shibboleth
8 1 (0.098%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 152 (14.87%) Kubernetes
2 54 (5.28%) Ansible
3 36 (3.52%) Terraform
4 15 (1.47%) Opscode Chef
4 15 (1.47%) Prometheus
4 15 (1.47%) Puppet
5 12 (1.17%) Kibana
6 11 (1.08%) Istio
7 9 (0.88%) Oracle RMAN
8 8 (0.78%) Single Sign-On
9 7 (0.68%) Data Guard
10 6 (0.59%) ITRS Geneos
10 6 (0.59%) Red Hat Satellite
11 5 (0.49%) Grafana
12 4 (0.39%) Oracle Flashback
12 4 (0.39%) Perfmon
13 3 (0.29%) Hadoop YARN
13 3 (0.29%) Oracle ZFS
13 3 (0.29%) PingFederate
13 3 (0.29%) Salt
Vendors
1 284 (27.79%) Oracle
2 98 (9.59%) Microsoft
3 49 (4.79%) Cloudera
4 38 (3.72%) Google
5 35 (3.42%) Sybase
6 30 (2.94%) SAP
7 26 (2.54%) IBM
8 21 (2.05%) Alteryx
8 21 (2.05%) Databricks
8 21 (2.05%) Dataiku
8 21 (2.05%) Salesforce.com
8 21 (2.05%) Splunk
9 17 (1.66%) Red Hat
10 14 (1.37%) Talend
11 13 (1.27%) Atlassian
11 13 (1.27%) Teradata
12 12 (1.17%) FIS
12 12 (1.17%) Murex
12 12 (1.17%) Sparx
12 12 (1.17%) SunGard