Period
to 4 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 4 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
4 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 127 141 109
Rank change year-on-year +14 -32 +1
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 738 1,540 2,521
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.95% 1.87% 2.43%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.75% 8.70% 10.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 565 1,004 1,640
Median daily rate £500 £500 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £342 £330 £335
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 19 19
Median hourly rate £46.25 £35.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.14% - +16.67%
10th Percentile £35.00 £15.88 £17.03
90th Percentile £62.50 £53.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.75 £30.00 £29.99
% change year-on-year +45.83% +0.03% -1.91%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 8,435 17,701 23,622
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.24% 21.55% 22.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,330 11,910 16,476
Median daily rate £480 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £319 £313
90th Percentile £667 £651 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -1.71% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 183 267 254
Median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £32.24
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -6.94% +5.70%
10th Percentile £14.20 £13.06 £13.38
90th Percentile £55.00 £61.70 £57.45
Median hourly rate £27.48 £27.94 £33.25
% change year-on-year -1.65% -15.97% -5.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 4 December 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 4 December 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 4 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +26 620 £513 +2.50% 301
London +2 361 £550 - 124
UK excluding London +19 292 £450 +2.86% 214
Work from Home -41 152 £475 -8.43% 68
North of England +72 94 £450 +5.88% 49
North West +73 85 £450 +12.50% 34
South East +9 56 £495 +17.86% 64
Scotland -9 42 £375 -16.67% 21
East of England +49 38 £475 +5.56% 20
Midlands +27 28 £449 +5.64% 16
West Midlands +32 21 £425 - 6
South West +48 15 £500 +15.94% 28
Northern Ireland +6 10 £431 -12.04% 5
Wales +17 9 £425 -5.56% 12
Yorkshire +19 8 £325 -33.33% 9
East Midlands +18 4 £363 -14.71% 10
North East +29 1 - - 6

For the 6 months to 4 December 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 301 (40.79%) SQL
2 282 (38.21%) Java
3 270 (36.59%) Agile Software Development
4 229 (31.03%) AWS
5 225 (30.49%) Oracle
6 208 (28.18%) RDBMS
7 202 (27.37%) Linux
8 189 (25.61%) SQL Server
9 167 (22.63%) Finance
10 163 (22.09%) Spring
11 159 (21.54%) MySQL
11 159 (21.54%) Git (software)
12 150 (20.33%) ETL
13 146 (19.78%) Banking
14 138 (18.70%) Jenkins
15 137 (18.56%) Microservices
16 135 (18.29%) Python
17 132 (17.89%) Unix
18 131 (17.75%) Azure
19 123 (16.67%) JavaScript
20 116 (15.72%) Data Modelling
21 110 (14.91%) Web Services
22 107 (14.50%) REST
23 104 (14.09%) DevOps
23 104 (14.09%) Unit Testing
23 104 (14.09%) Continuous Integration
24 103 (13.96%) Kubernetes
25 102 (13.82%) Docker
26 100 (13.55%) HTML
27 99 (13.41%) OO

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (8.67%) Apache
2 57 (7.72%) Mule
3 44 (5.96%) Confluence
4 33 (4.47%) Elasticsearch
5 31 (4.20%) Apache Spark
5 31 (4.20%) Red Hat Fuse
6 29 (3.93%) JBoss
7 19 (2.57%) WebLogic
8 13 (1.76%) IIS
9 12 (1.63%) SharePoint
10 10 (1.36%) Tomcat
11 8 (1.08%) Oracle Workflow
12 7 (0.95%) SAS
13 6 (0.81%) nginx
14 5 (0.68%) OpenStack
14 5 (0.68%) TPMS
14 5 (0.68%) WebSphere
15 4 (0.54%) CMS
15 4 (0.54%) Liferay
15 4 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 36 (4.88%) Spreadsheet
2 25 (3.39%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (1.36%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.68%) Photoshop
5 4 (0.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.41%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.27%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 14 (1.90%) Oracle EBS
1 14 (1.90%) Oracle EBS R12
2 8 (1.08%) Magento
3 7 (0.95%) SunGard Martini
4 4 (0.54%) assyst
4 4 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.54%) Primavera
5 2 (0.27%) Eloqua
5 2 (0.27%) Hyperion Planning
5 2 (0.27%) Oracle 11i
5 2 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.27%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.27%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.14%) HFM
6 1 (0.14%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 229 (31.03%) AWS
2 131 (17.75%) Azure
3 60 (8.13%) Amazon S3
4 54 (7.32%) Power Platform
5 46 (6.23%) AWS CloudFormation
6 38 (5.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 38 (5.15%) GCP
7 36 (4.88%) Serverless
8 35 (4.74%) AWS Lambda
9 34 (4.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 30 (4.07%) AWS CloudTrail
11 19 (2.57%) Amazon EC2
11 19 (2.57%) Amazon ECS
11 19 (2.57%) SaaS
12 18 (2.44%) Amazon Kinesis
12 18 (2.44%) Coveralls
13 17 (2.30%) PaaS
14 16 (2.17%) GitHub
15 15 (2.03%) OpenShift
16 13 (1.76%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 37 (5.01%) HTTP
2 20 (2.71%) DNS
3 19 (2.57%) SSL
4 15 (2.03%) TCP/IP
5 12 (1.63%) Firewall
5 12 (1.63%) VPN
6 8 (1.08%) DSL
7 6 (0.81%) FTP
7 6 (0.81%) Network Security
8 5 (0.68%) Kerberos
9 4 (0.54%) Internet
9 4 (0.54%) VLAN
10 2 (0.27%) AMQP
10 2 (0.27%) DMZ
10 2 (0.27%) SMS
10 2 (0.27%) SSH
10 2 (0.27%) Unified Communications
10 2 (0.27%) X.21
11 1 (0.14%) iSCSI
11 1 (0.14%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 208 (28.18%) RDBMS
2 189 (25.61%) SQL Server
3 159 (21.54%) MySQL
4 92 (12.47%) NoSQL
5 83 (11.25%) Data Warehouse
6 71 (9.62%) Hadoop
7 68 (9.21%) PostgreSQL
8 61 (8.27%) Oracle Database
9 58 (7.86%) Pentaho
10 56 (7.59%) MongoDB
11 53 (7.18%) Apache Hive
12 50 (6.78%) Power BI
13 47 (6.37%) Big Data
14 44 (5.96%) Impala
15 29 (3.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 26 (3.52%) Data Lake
17 24 (3.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 23 (3.12%) Amazon RDS
18 23 (3.12%) Oracle Database 12c
19 22 (2.98%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 159 (21.54%) Git (software)
2 138 (18.70%) Jenkins
3 59 (7.99%) JIRA
4 53 (7.18%) Maven
5 39 (5.28%) JUnit
5 39 (5.28%) Subversion
6 27 (3.66%) GitLab
7 23 (3.12%) SonarQube
8 21 (2.85%) Cucumber
9 18 (2.44%) jMock
9 18 (2.44%) TeamCity
10 17 (2.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 17 (2.30%) Hudson
11 16 (2.17%) Gradle
12 15 (2.03%) Visual Studio
13 14 (1.90%) FishEye
14 13 (1.76%) NUnit
14 13 (1.76%) Oracle APEX
15 12 (1.63%) Bitbucket
16 11 (1.49%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 167 (22.63%) Finance
2 146 (19.78%) Banking
3 74 (10.03%) Public Sector
4 58 (7.86%) Investment Banking
5 57 (7.72%) Front Office
6 39 (5.28%) Marketing
7 10 (1.36%) Law
8 9 (1.22%) Retail Banking
9 8 (1.08%) Advertising
10 7 (0.95%) Games
10 7 (0.95%) Manufacturing
11 6 (0.81%) Telecoms
12 5 (0.68%) Back Office
12 5 (0.68%) Electronics
12 5 (0.68%) Publishing
12 5 (0.68%) Retail
13 3 (0.41%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.41%) Legal
14 2 (0.27%) Aerospace
14 2 (0.27%) Military
Job Titles
1 365 (49.46%) Developer
2 154 (20.87%) Java Developer
3 87 (11.79%) Architect
4 52 (7.05%) Data Engineer
5 51 (6.91%) Integration Developer
6 50 (6.78%) AWS Engineer
7 40 (5.42%) Senior Developer
8 37 (5.01%) Software Engineer
9 34 (4.61%) Analyst
10 33 (4.47%) Solutions Architect
11 30 (4.07%) AWS Developer
12 28 (3.79%) Java Engineer
12 28 (3.79%) Pentaho Developer
13 26 (3.52%) SQL Developer
14 25 (3.39%) DevOps Engineer
15 24 (3.25%) Data Architect
16 20 (2.71%) .NET Developer
17 19 (2.57%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 18 (2.44%) ETL Developer
18 18 (2.44%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 163 (22.09%) Spring
2 110 (14.91%) Web Services
3 107 (14.50%) REST
4 100 (13.55%) HTML
5 97 (13.14%) Middleware
6 77 (10.43%) Apache Camel
7 60 (8.13%) .NET
8 59 (7.99%) CSS
9 57 (7.72%) Spring Integration
10 54 (7.32%) JSON
11 53 (7.18%) Hibernate
11 53 (7.18%) XML
12 52 (7.05%) AngularJS
13 51 (6.91%) JMS
14 44 (5.96%) Kafka
14 44 (5.96%) Spring Boot
15 41 (5.56%) jQuery
16 36 (4.88%) HTML5
16 36 (4.88%) Node.js
16 36 (4.88%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 95 (12.87%) Analytical Skills
2 47 (6.37%) Enterprise Software
3 31 (4.20%) Data Structures
4 30 (4.07%) Fixed Income
5 28 (3.79%) Clustering
6 18 (2.44%) Self-Motivation
7 17 (2.30%) User Experience
8 15 (2.03%) Equities
8 15 (2.03%) Management Information System
9 14 (1.90%) Pricing Data
10 13 (1.76%) Credit Risk
10 13 (1.76%) Greenfield Project
11 12 (1.63%) Public Cloud
12 11 (1.49%) Mainframe
13 10 (1.36%) Mobile App
13 10 (1.36%) Reference Data
14 9 (1.22%) Virtual Team
14 9 (1.22%) W3C
15 8 (1.08%) Data Centre
15 8 (1.08%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 202 (27.37%) Linux
2 132 (17.89%) Unix
3 61 (8.27%) Windows
4 13 (1.76%) Windows Server
5 10 (1.36%) Apple iOS
6 9 (1.22%) Android
6 9 (1.22%) Mac OS X
6 9 (1.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
7 5 (0.68%) Windows Server 2016
8 4 (0.54%) Amazon Linux
9 3 (0.41%) VME
9 3 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.27%) Solaris
10 2 (0.27%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.27%) Windows 7
10 2 (0.27%) Windows 8
11 1 (0.14%) AIX
11 1 (0.14%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 270 (36.59%) Agile Software Development
2 150 (20.33%) ETL
3 137 (18.56%) Microservices
4 116 (15.72%) Data Modelling
5 104 (14.09%) Continuous Integration
5 104 (14.09%) DevOps
5 104 (14.09%) Unit Testing
6 99 (13.41%) OO
6 99 (13.41%) Scrum
7 98 (13.28%) Test Automation
8 96 (13.01%) TDD
9 89 (12.06%) Business Intelligence
10 88 (11.92%) Problem-Solving
11 82 (11.11%) Software Engineering
12 76 (10.30%) Performance Tuning
13 65 (8.81%) Analytics
14 58 (7.86%) Configuration Management
15 56 (7.59%) Open Source
16 55 (7.45%) Data Integration
17 50 (6.78%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 301 (40.79%) SQL
2 282 (38.21%) Java
3 135 (18.29%) Python
4 123 (16.67%) JavaScript
5 65 (8.81%) C#
6 42 (5.69%) Scala
7 39 (5.28%) Java 8
8 26 (3.52%) PL/SQL
9 25 (3.39%) PHP
10 23 (3.12%) Shell Script
10 23 (3.12%) T-SQL
11 20 (2.71%) Bash Shell
11 20 (2.71%) Perl
12 17 (2.30%) R
13 16 (2.17%) TypeScript
14 15 (2.03%) Kotlin
15 14 (1.90%) C++
15 14 (1.90%) Go
15 14 (1.90%) PowerShell
16 12 (1.63%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 87 (11.79%) Security Cleared
2 75 (10.16%) SC Cleared
3 55 (7.45%) Degree
4 21 (2.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (2.30%) Master's Degree
6 16 (2.17%) BPSS Clearance
7 8 (1.08%) AWS Certification
8 5 (0.68%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.68%) ISTQB
8 5 (0.68%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (0.41%) PhD
10 2 (0.27%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.27%) ISEB
10 2 (0.27%) ISEB Practitioner
10 2 (0.27%) Postgraduate
11 1 (0.14%) HNC
11 1 (0.14%) HND
11 1 (0.14%) MCP
11 1 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.14%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (7.18%) QA
2 32 (4.34%) Data Quality
3 10 (1.36%) GDPR
4 9 (1.22%) Dublin Core
5 4 (0.54%) MiFID
6 3 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 3 (0.41%) SLA
7 2 (0.27%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.27%) NCSC
8 1 (0.14%) CDISC
System Software
1 102 (13.82%) Docker
2 47 (6.37%) HDFS
3 10 (1.36%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 5 (0.68%) Oracle Clusterware
4 5 (0.68%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.41%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.41%) LXC
6 3 (0.41%) NFS
6 3 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.14%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 103 (13.96%) Kubernetes
2 59 (7.99%) Ansible
3 51 (6.91%) Terraform
4 24 (3.25%) Puppet
5 22 (2.98%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (2.03%) Prometheus
7 14 (1.90%) Istio
8 8 (1.08%) Kibana
9 7 (0.95%) Data Guard
10 6 (0.81%) Hadoop YARN
10 6 (0.81%) Oracle RMAN
11 5 (0.68%) Nagios
11 5 (0.68%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (0.54%) Grafana
12 4 (0.54%) Oracle Flashback
13 3 (0.41%) Control-M
13 3 (0.41%) Graylog
14 2 (0.27%) Consul
14 2 (0.27%) Packer
14 2 (0.27%) QRadar
Vendors
1 225 (30.49%) Oracle
2 89 (12.06%) Microsoft
3 53 (7.18%) Sybase
4 48 (6.50%) Cloudera
5 35 (4.74%) IBM
6 24 (3.25%) SAP
7 23 (3.12%) Salesforce.com
8 20 (2.71%) Google
9 16 (2.17%) Talend
10 15 (2.03%) Atlassian
11 14 (1.90%) Informatica
11 14 (1.90%) MuleSoft
11 14 (1.90%) Murex
12 12 (1.63%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 9 (1.22%) Databricks
13 9 (1.22%) Splunk
14 7 (0.95%) FIS
14 7 (0.95%) Pega
14 7 (0.95%) Red Hat
14 7 (0.95%) SunGard