Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 136 101 104
Rank change year-on-year -35 +3 +28
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,703 2,554 2,415
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.94% 2.53% 2.47%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.97% 11.11% 10.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,065 1,680 1,524
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% +4.65%
10th Percentile £350 £338 £313
90th Percentile £648 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £421
% change year-on-year +2.94% +1.07% +5.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 21 20
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £40.50 £26.99
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.28% +50.04% -25.02%
10th Percentile £16.67 £17.25 £11.17
90th Percentile £60.00 £50.00 £42.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.25 £40.25 £29.50
% change year-on-year +4.97% +36.44% -18.06%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 18,993 22,995 21,968
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.60% 22.74% 22.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,894 16,124 14,664
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £305
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 258 233 276
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £28.00 £29.81
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% -6.07% +0.97%
10th Percentile £12.71 £13.30 £12.44
90th Percentile £60.00 £56.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £27.45 £31.00
% change year-on-year +27.50% -11.45% +8.77%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -38 1,495 £500 - 534
London -41 849 £550 +0.58% 202
UK excluding London -36 807 £438 +2.94% 384
South East -9 290 £425 -10.53% 97
Scotland -4 137 £450 +5.88% 41
North of England -32 122 £450 +12.50% 80
Midlands -32 90 £410 -3.53% 52
North West -16 78 £450 +12.50% 51
South West -7 75 £450 +9.09% 54
East of England -2 62 £450 - 49
West Midlands +9 56 £450 +5.88% 29
Yorkshire -10 43 £444 +4.41% 17
East Midlands -30 33 £400 -5.88% 23
Wales -38 18 £425 -5.56% 8
Northern Ireland -11 14 £460 +6.60% 4
North East +17 1 - - 12
Channel Islands -8 1 - -

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 813 (47.74%) SQL
2 731 (42.92%) Agile Software Development
3 634 (37.23%) RDBMS
4 592 (34.76%) Java
5 446 (26.19%) Oracle
6 429 (25.19%) SQL Server
7 379 (22.25%) Python
8 373 (21.90%) JavaScript
9 356 (20.90%) Linux
10 349 (20.49%) MySQL
11 342 (20.08%) DevOps
12 341 (20.02%) AWS
13 320 (18.79%) Microservices
14 298 (17.50%) Git (software)
15 297 (17.44%) Azure
16 296 (17.38%) Finance
17 295 (17.32%) TDD
18 292 (17.15%) HTML
19 274 (16.09%) Test Automation
20 269 (15.80%) C#
21 256 (15.03%) Continuous Integration
22 246 (14.45%) NoSQL
23 244 (14.33%) Scrum
24 241 (14.15%) CSS
24 241 (14.15%) Web Services
25 238 (13.98%) Microsoft
25 238 (13.98%) PostgreSQL
26 234 (13.74%) ETL
27 233 (13.68%) Docker
28 222 (13.04%) .NET

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (6.11%) Apache Spark
2 87 (5.11%) Apache
3 86 (5.05%) Confluence
4 64 (3.76%) Elasticsearch
5 46 (2.70%) Tomcat
6 39 (2.29%) SharePoint
7 34 (2.00%) SAS
8 27 (1.59%) JBoss
9 26 (1.53%) nginx
10 22 (1.29%) WebSphere
11 19 (1.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 18 (1.06%) Apache Airflow
12 18 (1.06%) CMS
13 11 (0.65%) Jupyter
14 10 (0.59%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 10 (0.59%) WebLogic
15 9 (0.53%) Appian
15 9 (0.53%) NetWeaver
16 8 (0.47%) Documentum
16 8 (0.47%) IIS
Applications
1 79 (4.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 43 (2.52%) Microsoft Office
3 35 (2.06%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.88%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 10 (0.59%) Spreadsheet
6 9 (0.53%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.12%) GNU Octave
7 2 (0.12%) InfoPath
7 2 (0.12%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.059%) Windchill
8 1 (0.059%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 19 (1.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 16 (0.94%) Sonata
3 9 (0.53%) Magento
4 8 (0.47%) PolarLake
5 7 (0.41%) Markit EDM
6 6 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
7 5 (0.29%) Adobe Campaign
7 5 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
7 5 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 5 (0.29%) SAP ERP
7 5 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.12%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.12%) SAP BPC
8 2 (0.12%) Summit
9 1 (0.059%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.059%) Cognos TM1
9 1 (0.059%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 341 (20.02%) AWS
2 297 (17.44%) Azure
3 127 (7.46%) Power Platform
4 95 (5.58%) GCP
5 81 (4.76%) GitHub
6 66 (3.88%) Serverless
7 59 (3.46%) Amazon S3
8 48 (2.82%) AWS Lambda
9 39 (2.29%) SaaS
10 38 (2.23%) Amazon EC2
11 33 (1.94%) Amazon SQS
11 33 (1.94%) PaaS
12 28 (1.64%) OpenShift
13 26 (1.53%) Cloud Computing
14 23 (1.35%) AWS CloudFormation
15 21 (1.23%) Azure Data Factory
16 20 (1.17%) Azure Functions
16 20 (1.17%) npm
17 17 (1.00%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 17 (1.00%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 117 (6.87%) HTTP
2 73 (4.29%) TCP/IP
3 53 (3.11%) DNS
4 52 (3.05%) SSL
5 47 (2.76%) FTP
6 38 (2.23%) DHCP
7 36 (2.11%) IPsec
8 30 (1.76%) Firewall
8 30 (1.76%) WAN
9 28 (1.64%) Internet
10 18 (1.06%) Network Security
11 15 (0.88%) Intrusion Detection
12 11 (0.65%) SAN
13 9 (0.53%) LAN
14 8 (0.47%) Modbus
15 7 (0.41%) DSL
15 7 (0.41%) POP3
15 7 (0.41%) SMTP
15 7 (0.41%) VPN
16 5 (0.29%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 634 (37.23%) RDBMS
2 429 (25.19%) SQL Server
3 349 (20.49%) MySQL
4 246 (14.45%) NoSQL
5 238 (13.98%) PostgreSQL
6 193 (11.33%) Data Warehouse
7 179 (10.51%) MongoDB
8 159 (9.34%) Big Data
9 121 (7.11%) Power BI
10 118 (6.93%) Hadoop
11 117 (6.87%) Oracle Database
12 111 (6.52%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 70 (4.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 68 (3.99%) Apache Cassandra
15 60 (3.52%) Amazon Redshift
16 56 (3.29%) Data Lake
17 55 (3.23%) DB2
18 50 (2.94%) Apache Hive
18 50 (2.94%) Azure SQL Database
18 50 (2.94%) Redis
Development Applications
1 298 (17.50%) Git (software)
2 216 (12.68%) Jenkins
3 181 (10.63%) JIRA
4 86 (5.05%) Selenium
5 70 (4.11%) Maven
6 67 (3.93%) Cucumber
7 62 (3.64%) JUnit
8 57 (3.35%) TeamCity
9 56 (3.29%) Subversion
10 47 (2.76%) Visual Studio Team System
11 44 (2.58%) Visual Studio
12 41 (2.41%) Mockito
13 35 (2.06%) Travis CI
14 32 (1.88%) SonarQube
15 28 (1.64%) Mocha
16 25 (1.47%) Grunt
17 20 (1.17%) Gradle
17 20 (1.17%) NUnit
18 19 (1.12%) Bitbucket
19 18 (1.06%) Jasmine
General
1 296 (17.38%) Finance
2 160 (9.40%) Banking
3 105 (6.17%) Public Sector
4 65 (3.82%) Investment Banking
5 62 (3.64%) Retail
6 59 (3.46%) Front Office
7 47 (2.76%) Marketing
8 35 (2.06%) Games
9 28 (1.64%) Legal
10 26 (1.53%) Telecoms
11 20 (1.17%) Financial Institution
12 16 (0.94%) Manufacturing
13 14 (0.82%) Publishing
14 9 (0.53%) Advertising
14 9 (0.53%) Electronics
15 8 (0.47%) Retail Banking
16 5 (0.29%) Automotive
16 5 (0.29%) Back Office
16 5 (0.29%) Law
16 5 (0.29%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 824 (48.39%) Developer
2 215 (12.62%) Java Developer
3 149 (8.75%) Analyst
4 146 (8.57%) Architect
5 103 (6.05%) Senior Developer
6 86 (5.05%) DevOps Engineer
7 84 (4.93%) Data Engineer
8 80 (4.70%) C# Developer
9 77 (4.52%) Full Stack Developer
10 73 (4.29%) Consultant
11 68 (3.99%) .NET Developer
12 65 (3.82%) Python Developer
13 61 (3.58%) Software Engineer
14 57 (3.35%) Data Analyst
15 55 (3.23%) AWS Developer
15 55 (3.23%) DBA
16 54 (3.17%) SQL Developer
17 51 (2.99%) AWS Engineer
18 47 (2.76%) Angular Developer
19 46 (2.70%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 292 (17.15%) HTML
2 241 (14.15%) CSS
2 241 (14.15%) Web Services
3 222 (13.04%) .NET
4 205 (12.04%) AngularJS
5 196 (11.51%) Spring
6 190 (11.16%) XML
7 181 (10.63%) RESTful
8 177 (10.39%) JSON
9 165 (9.69%) REST
10 127 (7.46%) React
11 111 (6.52%) HTML5
12 110 (6.46%) Node.js
13 94 (5.52%) Kafka
14 86 (5.05%) J2EE
15 82 (4.82%) SOAP
16 80 (4.70%) .NET Framework
17 66 (3.88%) .NET Core
18 65 (3.82%) jQuery
19 64 (3.76%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 177 (10.39%) Analytical Skills
2 70 (4.11%) Greenfield Project
3 64 (3.76%) Data Structures
4 46 (2.70%) Self-Motivation
5 43 (2.52%) Algorithms
6 39 (2.29%) Management Information System
7 37 (2.17%) Enterprise Software
8 33 (1.94%) Public Cloud
8 33 (1.94%) User Experience
9 29 (1.70%) Clustering
9 29 (1.70%) Mobile App
10 28 (1.64%) Fixed Income
11 24 (1.41%) Derivative
12 23 (1.35%) Data Centre
12 23 (1.35%) Replication
13 21 (1.23%) Equities
14 19 (1.12%) Credit Risk
15 18 (1.06%) Pricing Data
16 17 (1.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 16 (0.94%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 356 (20.90%) Linux
2 212 (12.45%) Unix
3 141 (8.28%) Windows
4 39 (2.29%) Windows Server
5 38 (2.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 26 (1.53%) CentOS
7 18 (1.06%) Mac OS X
8 13 (0.76%) Solaris
9 12 (0.70%) AIX
9 12 (0.70%) VMS
10 11 (0.65%) Windows Server 2012
11 10 (0.59%) Android
11 10 (0.59%) Apple iOS
11 10 (0.59%) Ubuntu
12 7 (0.41%) Windows 7
12 7 (0.41%) Windows 8
12 7 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.29%) Oracle Linux
14 3 (0.18%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.18%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 731 (42.92%) Agile Software Development
2 342 (20.08%) DevOps
3 320 (18.79%) Microservices
4 295 (17.32%) TDD
5 274 (16.09%) Test Automation
6 256 (15.03%) Continuous Integration
7 244 (14.33%) Scrum
8 234 (13.74%) ETL
9 202 (11.86%) OO
10 197 (11.57%) Data Modelling
10 197 (11.57%) Problem-Solving
11 189 (11.10%) Analytics
12 187 (10.98%) Business Intelligence
13 173 (10.16%) Software Engineering
14 147 (8.63%) Migration
15 136 (7.99%) MVC
16 130 (7.63%) Open Source
17 125 (7.34%) Kanban
18 117 (6.87%) SDLC
19 113 (6.64%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 813 (47.74%) SQL
2 592 (34.76%) Java
3 379 (22.25%) Python
4 373 (21.90%) JavaScript
5 269 (15.80%) C#
6 102 (5.99%) Shell Script
7 92 (5.40%) Scala
7 92 (5.40%) T-SQL
8 78 (4.58%) PHP
9 72 (4.23%) PowerShell
10 70 (4.11%) TypeScript
11 69 (4.05%) Java 8
12 64 (3.76%) PL/SQL
13 63 (3.70%) Perl
14 59 (3.46%) Ruby
15 47 (2.76%) C++
16 45 (2.64%) Bash Shell
17 32 (1.88%) C
18 31 (1.82%) VBA
19 24 (1.41%) R
Qualifications
1 138 (8.10%) Security Cleared
2 103 (6.05%) Degree
2 103 (6.05%) SC Cleared
3 42 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
4 19 (1.12%) Microsoft Certification
5 16 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
5 16 (0.94%) DV Cleared
6 12 (0.70%) Master's Degree
7 11 (0.65%) Oracle Certification
8 10 (0.59%) OCP
9 7 (0.41%) ITIL Certification
10 6 (0.35%) AWS Certification
10 6 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
10 6 (0.35%) MCP
10 6 (0.35%) SAP Certification
11 5 (0.29%) HNC
11 5 (0.29%) MCSA
11 5 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
12 4 (0.23%) CCIE
12 4 (0.23%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (2.99%) QA
2 37 (2.17%) Data Quality
3 17 (1.00%) GDPR
4 12 (0.70%) SLA
5 8 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
5 8 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.47%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.35%) HL7
7 4 (0.23%) IFRS
7 4 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 4 (0.23%) Solvency II
8 3 (0.18%) NCSC
9 2 (0.12%) COBIT
9 2 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 2 (0.12%) EMIR
9 2 (0.12%) ISO 14001
9 2 (0.12%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.12%) MiFID
9 2 (0.12%) PMO
System Software
1 233 (13.68%) Docker
2 47 (2.76%) Active Directory
3 36 (2.11%) Virtual Machines
4 25 (1.47%) Oracle RAC
5 19 (1.12%) HDFS
6 8 (0.47%) Virtual Servers
6 8 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
7 7 (0.41%) Virtual Desktop
8 6 (0.35%) Apache Flume
9 4 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 4 (0.23%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 3 (0.18%) vSphere
11 2 (0.12%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 2 (0.12%) VirtualBox
12 1 (0.059%) KVM
12 1 (0.059%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 1 (0.059%) Terminal Server
12 1 (0.059%) vCloud
12 1 (0.059%) Xen
12 1 (0.059%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 161 (9.45%) Kubernetes
2 105 (6.17%) Ansible
3 103 (6.05%) Puppet
4 89 (5.23%) Terraform
5 88 (5.17%) Opscode Chef
6 23 (1.35%) Single Sign-On
7 19 (1.12%) Packer
8 18 (1.06%) Oracle RMAN
9 17 (1.00%) Grafana
9 17 (1.00%) Kibana
10 16 (0.94%) Data Guard
11 15 (0.88%) Consul
12 12 (0.70%) Oozie
13 10 (0.59%) Nagios
13 10 (0.59%) SCCM
14 9 (0.53%) Control-M
14 9 (0.53%) Hadoop YARN
14 9 (0.53%) HP ALM
14 9 (0.53%) HP Quality Center
15 8 (0.47%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 446 (26.19%) Oracle
2 238 (13.98%) Microsoft
3 83 (4.87%) Google
4 56 (3.29%) Tableau
5 50 (2.94%) IBM
6 47 (2.76%) SAP
7 46 (2.70%) Sybase
8 43 (2.52%) Atlassian
8 43 (2.52%) Informatica
9 41 (2.41%) Red Hat
10 33 (1.94%) Salesforce.com
11 25 (1.47%) Talend
12 24 (1.41%) MuleSoft
13 22 (1.29%) ServiceNow
14 21 (1.23%) Sparx
15 19 (1.12%) Cloudera
16 18 (1.06%) Adobe
17 17 (1.00%) VMware
18 16 (0.94%) Zend
19 14 (0.82%) hybris