Period
to 19 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 19 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
19 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 105 109 116
Rank change year-on-year +4 +7 -12
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2384 2302 2232
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.35% 2.20% 1.95%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.64% 9.71% 8.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 1587 1492 1391
UK median daily rate £475 £445 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.74% +4.71% +2.41%
10th Percentile £315 £305 £288
90th Percentile £638 £593 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 22 22
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £42.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -29.82% +6.88% +6.67%
10th Percentile £12.32 £26.58 £22.55
90th Percentile £45.00 £57.00 £43.72
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.58 £42.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year -28.48% +6.88% +6.67%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 22415 23702 26642
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.11% 22.61% 23.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 15311 15735 17553
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +0.63%
10th Percentile £310 £285 £269
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 285 368 406
UK median hourly rate £31.15 £28.18 £29.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.54% -3.66% +21.88%
10th Percentile £14.00 £10.00 £12.00
90th Percentile £58.00 £52.05 £52.47
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £28.18 £30.00
% change year-on-year +24.20% -6.07% +33.33%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 19 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 2074 £481 +6.94% 208
London +26 1227 £525 +5.00% 90
UK excluding London -12 1120 £425 +3.03% 138
South East +37 332 £425 +9.68% 27
North of England -24 188 £425 - 37
Scotland -38 124 £400 +5.96% 13
East of England -9 120 £449 +19.67% 16
Midlands -46 111 £375 -9.09% 23
South West +7 95 £375 -6.25% 15
North West -10 92 £400 -5.60% 20
Wales +6 87 £395 -16.84% 4
East Midlands -1 77 £334 -21.47% 8
Yorkshire -3 76 £425 - 15
Northern Ireland +2 71 £420 +1.82% 3
West Midlands -67 33 £425 +6.25% 15
North East +14 24 £425 +0.29% 2

For the 6 months to 19 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1174 (49.24%) SQL
2 1146 (48.07%) Java
3 1141 (47.86%) Agile Software Development
4 1026 (43.04%) RDBMS
5 811 (34.02%) Oracle
6 691 (28.98%) Linux
7 601 (25.21%) Finance
8 590 (24.75%) Unix
9 572 (23.99%) Git (software)
10 549 (23.03%) JavaScript
11 526 (22.06%) SQL Server
12 483 (20.26%) Python
13 480 (20.13%) TDD
14 468 (19.63%) HTML
15 462 (19.38%) Test Automation
16 442 (18.54%) Spring
17 428 (17.95%) Continuous Integration
18 416 (17.45%) Web Services
19 413 (17.32%) CSS
20 389 (16.32%) REST
21 381 (15.98%) Scrum
22 349 (14.64%) OO
23 344 (14.43%) XML
24 341 (14.30%) Jenkins
25 321 (13.46%) NoSQL
26 316 (13.26%) Analytical Skills
27 314 (13.17%) RESTful
28 312 (13.09%) Banking
29 303 (12.71%) C#
30 300 (12.58%) MySQL

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 146 (6.12%) Confluence
2 107 (4.49%) Apache Spark
3 93 (3.90%) JBoss
4 91 (3.82%) Apache
5 88 (3.69%) WebLogic
6 81 (3.40%) Tomcat
7 60 (2.52%) WildFly
8 58 (2.43%) WebSphere
9 51 (2.14%) SAS
10 46 (1.93%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 41 (1.72%) SharePoint
12 40 (1.68%) Elasticsearch
13 33 (1.38%) CMS
14 26 (1.09%) Mule
15 24 (1.01%) IIS
16 23 (0.96%) Apache Solr
16 23 (0.96%) nginx
17 15 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
18 13 (0.55%) OpenROAD
18 13 (0.55%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 77 (3.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (1.68%) MS Visio
3 34 (1.43%) Microsoft Office
4 17 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.55%) HipChat
6 5 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.13%) SPSS
7 3 (0.13%) Stata
8 2 (0.084%) Mingle
9 1 (0.042%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.042%) Doxygen
9 1 (0.042%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.042%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.042%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 16 (0.67%) FastStats
2 12 (0.50%) Oracle EBS
3 8 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
4 7 (0.29%) KANA IQ
4 7 (0.29%) Magento
4 7 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 7 (0.29%) Temenos T24
5 6 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
5 6 (0.25%) Teamcenter
6 5 (0.21%) Eagle PACE
6 5 (0.21%) Markit EDM
6 5 (0.21%) Oracle 11i
7 4 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
7 4 (0.17%) ION MarketView
7 4 (0.17%) Oracle iProcurement
8 3 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
8 3 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
8 3 (0.13%) Oracle TCA
8 3 (0.13%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 252 (10.57%) Amazon AWS
2 125 (5.24%) Microsoft Azure
3 36 (1.51%) Google Cloud Platform
3 36 (1.51%) PaaS
4 29 (1.22%) GitHub
5 27 (1.13%) AWS CloudFormation
6 25 (1.05%) IaaS
7 24 (1.01%) Amazon EC2
8 19 (0.80%) Amazon EMR
8 19 (0.80%) Amazon S3
8 19 (0.80%) SaaS
9 14 (0.59%) Cloud Computing
10 11 (0.46%) Serverless
11 10 (0.42%) AWS Lambda
11 10 (0.42%) Google Analytics
11 10 (0.42%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
11 10 (0.42%) Salesforce Service Cloud
12 9 (0.38%) Amazon Kinesis
12 9 (0.38%) npm
13 6 (0.25%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 187 (7.84%) HTTP
2 85 (3.57%) TCP/IP
3 57 (2.39%) SSL
4 51 (2.14%) Internet
5 39 (1.64%) Firewall
6 35 (1.47%) DNS
7 23 (0.96%) LDAP
8 19 (0.80%) SAN
9 16 (0.67%) FTP
10 15 (0.63%) NAS
11 10 (0.42%) DHCP
12 8 (0.34%) LAN
12 8 (0.34%) Network Security
12 8 (0.34%) SMTP
12 8 (0.34%) WAN
13 7 (0.29%) Intranet
14 6 (0.25%) IMAP
14 6 (0.25%) Intrusion Detection
15 4 (0.17%) SMS
15 4 (0.17%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1026 (43.04%) RDBMS
2 526 (22.06%) SQL Server
3 321 (13.46%) NoSQL
4 300 (12.58%) MySQL
5 271 (11.37%) PostgreSQL
6 195 (8.18%) Data Warehouse
7 192 (8.05%) MongoDB
8 184 (7.72%) Oracle Database
9 179 (7.51%) Big Data
10 156 (6.54%) Hadoop
11 150 (6.29%) DB2
12 74 (3.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 73 (3.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 61 (2.56%) Apache Cassandra
14 61 (2.56%) Apache Hive
14 61 (2.56%) Redis
15 52 (2.18%) SQL Server 2012
16 51 (2.14%) HBase
17 41 (1.72%) SQL Server 2008
18 38 (1.59%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 572 (23.99%) Git (software)
2 341 (14.30%) Jenkins
3 272 (11.41%) JUnit
4 256 (10.74%) Maven
5 253 (10.61%) Subversion
6 234 (9.82%) JIRA
7 96 (4.03%) Mockito
8 83 (3.48%) Cucumber
9 78 (3.27%) Gradle
10 75 (3.15%) Eclipse
10 75 (3.15%) Selenium
10 75 (3.15%) SonarQube
11 72 (3.02%) Visual Studio
12 69 (2.89%) NUnit
13 65 (2.73%) Sonatype Nexus
14 64 (2.68%) TeamCity
15 62 (2.60%) Vagrant
16 60 (2.52%) Ant
17 58 (2.43%) Liquibase
18 54 (2.27%) Checkstyle
General
1 601 (25.21%) Finance
2 312 (13.09%) Banking
3 212 (8.89%) Front Office
4 113 (4.74%) Investment Banking
5 87 (3.65%) Retail
6 81 (3.40%) Marketing
7 73 (3.06%) Telecoms
8 58 (2.43%) Games
9 49 (2.06%) Manufacturing
10 34 (1.43%) Financial Institution
11 32 (1.34%) Publishing
12 27 (1.13%) Electronics
12 27 (1.13%) Legal
13 15 (0.63%) Back Office
14 13 (0.55%) Automotive
15 11 (0.46%) Advertising
15 11 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
15 11 (0.46%) Retail Banking
16 10 (0.42%) Law
16 10 (0.42%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1411 (59.19%) Developer
2 605 (25.38%) Java Developer
3 233 (9.77%) Senior Developer
4 210 (8.81%) Analyst
5 180 (7.55%) Architect
6 156 (6.54%) Python Developer
7 111 (4.66%) Full Stack Developer
8 106 (4.45%) .NET Developer
9 98 (4.11%) Senior Java Developer
10 97 (4.07%) C# Developer
11 96 (4.03%) SQL Developer
12 92 (3.86%) DevOps Engineer
13 76 (3.19%) Scala Developer
14 74 (3.10%) Web Developer
15 61 (2.56%) Front Office Developer
16 59 (2.47%) Django Developer
16 59 (2.47%) Python/Django Developer
17 58 (2.43%) DBA
18 55 (2.31%) Data Analyst
19 52 (2.18%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 468 (19.63%) HTML
2 442 (18.54%) Spring
3 416 (17.45%) Web Services
4 413 (17.32%) CSS
5 389 (16.32%) REST
6 344 (14.43%) XML
7 314 (13.17%) RESTful
8 296 (12.42%) .NET
9 264 (11.07%) Hibernate
10 250 (10.49%) JSON
11 224 (9.40%) JMS
12 215 (9.02%) AngularJS
13 185 (7.76%) HTML5
14 176 (7.38%) Java EE
14 176 (7.38%) SOAP
15 159 (6.67%) jQuery
16 142 (5.96%) Ajax
17 131 (5.49%) Django
18 124 (5.20%) Middleware
19 117 (4.91%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 316 (13.26%) Analytical Skills
2 130 (5.45%) Computer Science
3 102 (4.28%) Derivative
4 87 (3.65%) Equities
5 70 (2.94%) Greenfield Project
6 66 (2.77%) Enterprise Software
7 63 (2.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 62 (2.60%) Linux Command Line
8 62 (2.60%) User Experience
9 61 (2.56%) Fixed Income
10 51 (2.14%) Data Structures
11 50 (2.10%) Management Information System
12 43 (1.80%) Fintech
13 38 (1.59%) Virtual Team
14 37 (1.55%) Replication
15 33 (1.38%) Equity Derivative
16 32 (1.34%) Clustering
17 31 (1.30%) Data Centre
18 30 (1.26%) Algorithms
19 24 (1.01%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 691 (28.98%) Linux
2 590 (24.75%) Unix
3 178 (7.47%) Windows
4 114 (4.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 101 (4.24%) Mac OS X
6 60 (2.52%) Solaris
7 49 (2.06%) VMS
8 40 (1.68%) AIX
9 37 (1.55%) Windows Server
10 26 (1.09%) CentOS
11 20 (0.84%) Android
11 20 (0.84%) Apple iOS
12 18 (0.76%) HPUX
13 13 (0.55%) CoreOS
14 9 (0.38%) Windows Server 2003
15 7 (0.29%) Windows 2000
16 6 (0.25%) Ubuntu
17 5 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
18 4 (0.17%) Debian
18 4 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1141 (47.86%) Agile Software Development
2 480 (20.13%) TDD
3 462 (19.38%) Test Automation
4 428 (17.95%) Continuous Integration
5 381 (15.98%) Scrum
6 349 (14.64%) OO
7 287 (12.04%) DevOps
8 280 (11.74%) Data Modelling
9 268 (11.24%) SDLC
10 254 (10.65%) Microservices
11 249 (10.44%) Web Development
12 244 (10.23%) ETL
13 238 (9.98%) MVC
14 234 (9.82%) Open Source
15 225 (9.44%) Configuration Management
16 207 (8.68%) Analytics
17 206 (8.64%) BDD
18 198 (8.31%) Mentoring
19 188 (7.89%) Business Intelligence
20 175 (7.34%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1174 (49.24%) SQL
2 1146 (48.07%) Java
3 549 (23.03%) JavaScript
4 483 (20.26%) Python
5 303 (12.71%) C#
6 187 (7.84%) Perl
6 187 (7.84%) Scala
7 160 (6.71%) PL/SQL
8 151 (6.33%) Shell Script
9 132 (5.54%) Ruby
10 131 (5.49%) Bash Shell
11 110 (4.61%) T-SQL
12 100 (4.19%) C++
13 67 (2.81%) C
14 59 (2.47%) VBA
15 57 (2.39%) R
16 50 (2.10%) JPQL
17 46 (1.93%) PHP
18 38 (1.59%) PowerShell
19 35 (1.47%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 228 (9.56%) Degree
2 210 (8.81%) Security Cleared
3 112 (4.70%) SC Cleared
4 66 (2.77%) Computer Science Degree
5 34 (1.43%) DV Cleared
6 31 (1.30%) BPSS Clearance
7 25 (1.05%) Numerate Degree
8 14 (0.59%) CTC Cleared
9 11 (0.46%) CISSP
10 10 (0.42%) AWS Certification
10 10 (0.42%) Master's Degree
11 7 (0.29%) MySQL Certification
12 6 (0.25%) RHCE
13 4 (0.17%) CISM
13 4 (0.17%) HND
13 4 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
13 4 (0.17%) RHCSA
14 3 (0.13%) HNC
14 3 (0.13%) PhD
14 3 (0.13%) Siebel Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 127 (5.33%) QA
2 109 (4.57%) Data Quality
3 22 (0.92%) GDPR
4 16 (0.67%) MiFID
4 16 (0.67%) PCI DSS
5 15 (0.63%) Disclosure Scotland
6 13 (0.55%) GCP
7 12 (0.50%) SLA
8 9 (0.38%) PSD2
9 7 (0.29%) Dodd-Frank
9 7 (0.29%) EMIR
9 7 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 4 (0.17%) GAAP
11 3 (0.13%) COBIT
11 3 (0.13%) HL7
11 3 (0.13%) Solvency II
12 2 (0.084%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.084%) WCAG
13 1 (0.042%) GMP
13 1 (0.042%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 231 (9.69%) Docker
2 27 (1.13%) HDFS
3 25 (1.05%) Xen
4 24 (1.01%) Active Directory
5 23 (0.96%) Apache Flume
6 20 (0.84%) Oracle RAC
6 20 (0.84%) VMware Infrastructure
7 16 (0.67%) Oracle Clusterware
8 8 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 8 (0.34%) etcd
9 7 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
10 6 (0.25%) LXC
10 6 (0.25%) NFS
11 4 (0.17%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 3 (0.13%) Firmware
13 2 (0.084%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.084%) Samba
13 2 (0.084%) vSphere
14 1 (0.042%) Varnish
14 1 (0.042%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 147 (6.17%) Puppet
2 143 (6.00%) Ansible
3 121 (5.08%) Opscode Chef
4 103 (4.32%) Kubernetes
5 39 (1.64%) Terraform
6 34 (1.43%) Data Guard
7 30 (1.26%) Kibana
7 30 (1.26%) Oozie
8 27 (1.13%) Consul
9 25 (1.05%) Mesos
10 24 (1.01%) Oracle RMAN
11 20 (0.84%) HP Quality Center
12 18 (0.76%) Docker Swarm
13 17 (0.71%) Oracle Flashback
14 16 (0.67%) Ambari
15 15 (0.63%) logstash
16 14 (0.59%) ZABBIX
17 13 (0.55%) Packer
17 13 (0.55%) Rancher
18 12 (0.50%) Graphite
Vendors
1 811 (34.02%) Oracle
2 208 (8.72%) Microsoft
3 154 (6.46%) Sybase
4 76 (3.19%) Google
5 72 (3.02%) Red Hat
6 69 (2.89%) IBM
7 56 (2.35%) SAP
7 56 (2.35%) TIBCO
8 48 (2.01%) Perforce
9 42 (1.76%) Informatica
10 41 (1.72%) Tableau
11 37 (1.55%) Splunk
12 35 (1.47%) Teradata
13 34 (1.43%) Atlassian
14 30 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
15 27 (1.13%) WSO2
16 26 (1.09%) VMware
17 21 (0.88%) Fidessa
18 19 (0.80%) Bloomberg
18 19 (0.80%) Sun