Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 143 137 142
Rank change year-on-year -6 +5 -27
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,656 821 1,324
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.89% 1.93% 1.85%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.91% 8.87% 8.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,207 575 859
10th Percentile £388 £350 £325
25th Percentile £475 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% +5.26% -5.00%
75th Percentile £688 £617 £575
90th Percentile £763 £700 £639
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £430
% change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% -4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 13 18
10th Percentile £9.25 £30.00 £15.81
25th Percentile £38.67 £42.87 £17.83
Median hourly rate £57.50 £55.00 £28.30
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +94.35% +18.21%
75th Percentile £65.54 - £43.44
90th Percentile - £57.40 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 £55.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year +19.09% +168.29% -6.82%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 18,586 9,261 15,368
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.16% 21.81% 21.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,235 6,383 10,469
10th Percentile £363 £313 £315
25th Percentile £438 £393 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +2.63% -
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £725 £663 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £440
% change year-on-year +11.76% -3.41% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 203 188 213
10th Percentile £17.30 £13.88 £12.81
25th Percentile £24.50 £19.44 £17.83
Median hourly rate £43.75 £26.73 £26.00
Median % change year-on-year +63.67% +2.81% -5.45%
75th Percentile £62.08 £47.81 £42.50
90th Percentile £72.40 £61.83 £54.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.92 £23.75 £22.55
% change year-on-year +80.74% +5.32% -13.46%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -13 1,276 £575 +9.52% 471
London -3 847 £625 +8.70% 211
Work from Home +2 497 £563 +13.74% 107
UK excluding London -44 418 £475 +5.56% 315
South East -15 112 £525 +5.00% 60
North of England -56 73 £450 - 81
Midlands -32 71 £475 +15.15% 61
Scotland -38 63 £450 +20.00% 42
North West -60 47 £440 -2.22% 54
West Midlands -36 43 £485 +17.58% 38
South West -30 40 £400 -21.95% 30
East of England -44 31 £475 +2.70% 23
East Midlands -7 27 £475 +26.16% 23
Wales -12 23 £525 +23.53% 10
Yorkshire -26 20 £500 +11.11% 20
North East +2 6 £475 - 7
Northern Ireland -5 5 £475 +10.34% 8

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 871 (52.60%) SQL
2 669 (40.40%) Agile Software Development
3 508 (30.68%) Java
4 498 (30.07%) RDBMS
5 492 (29.71%) Social Skills
6 467 (28.20%) Oracle
7 431 (26.03%) Finance
8 420 (25.36%) AWS
9 407 (24.58%) Python
10 376 (22.71%) JavaScript
11 372 (22.46%) SQL Server
12 332 (20.05%) Microservices
13 310 (18.72%) Git (software)
14 309 (18.66%) DevOps
15 301 (18.18%) C#
16 294 (17.75%) PostgreSQL
17 287 (17.33%) Azure
18 285 (17.21%) Problem-Solving
19 274 (16.55%) ETL
20 260 (15.70%) CI/CD
21 258 (15.58%) Business Intelligence
21 258 (15.58%) NoSQL
22 257 (15.52%) Banking
23 252 (15.22%) MySQL
24 246 (14.86%) TDD
24 246 (14.86%) Analytical Skills
25 243 (14.67%) Spring
26 242 (14.61%) Microsoft
26 242 (14.61%) Jenkins
27 232 (14.01%) React

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 89 (5.37%) Apache Spark
2 81 (4.89%) Confluence
3 78 (4.71%) Elasticsearch
4 60 (3.62%) Apache
5 49 (2.96%) Red Hat Fuse
6 44 (2.66%) Mule
7 34 (2.05%) Tomcat
8 30 (1.81%) SharePoint
9 29 (1.75%) JBoss
10 22 (1.33%) Oracle Coherence
11 19 (1.15%) WebLogic
12 14 (0.85%) Jupyter
12 14 (0.85%) WebSphere
13 13 (0.79%) Ethereum
14 12 (0.72%) Apache Airflow
15 11 (0.66%) nginx
16 9 (0.54%) GemFire
17 8 (0.48%) CMS
17 8 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 8 (0.48%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 91 (5.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (1.21%) Spreadsheet
3 19 (1.15%) Microsoft Office
4 14 (0.85%) Chatbot
5 7 (0.42%) Simulink
6 6 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.12%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.12%) SPSS
8 1 (0.060%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.060%) EPLAN
8 1 (0.060%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.060%) MicroStation
8 1 (0.060%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 26 (1.57%) SunGard Martini
2 20 (1.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 11 (0.66%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 10 (0.60%) Dynamics AX
4 10 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.60%) Workfront
5 6 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.24%) Endur
7 4 (0.24%) Maximo
7 4 (0.24%) Oracle 11i
7 4 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 4 (0.24%) SAP S/4HANA
8 3 (0.18%) FLEXCUBE
8 3 (0.18%) IBM Planning Analytics
8 3 (0.18%) Magento
8 3 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
8 3 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
9 2 (0.12%) Markit EDM
Cloud Services
1 420 (25.36%) AWS
2 287 (17.33%) Azure
3 158 (9.54%) Power Platform
4 96 (5.80%) Serverless
5 85 (5.13%) Amazon S3
6 83 (5.01%) GCP
7 61 (3.68%) GitHub
8 53 (3.20%) Azure Data Factory
9 50 (3.02%) AWS Lambda
10 49 (2.96%) PaaS
11 42 (2.54%) Snowflake
12 37 (2.23%) SaaS
13 30 (1.81%) Azure Functions
14 25 (1.51%) AWS CloudFormation
15 24 (1.45%) Cloud Computing
16 22 (1.33%) Amazon EMR
16 22 (1.33%) IaaS
16 22 (1.33%) OpenShift
17 21 (1.27%) PowerApps
18 19 (1.15%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 70 (4.23%) HTTP
2 38 (2.29%) RTMP
3 37 (2.23%) TCP/IP
4 19 (1.15%) Network Security
5 17 (1.03%) Multicast
6 16 (0.97%) Internet
7 14 (0.85%) VPN
8 12 (0.72%) Firewall
9 10 (0.60%) LAN
10 9 (0.54%) DSL
11 8 (0.48%) DNS
12 6 (0.36%) FTP
13 5 (0.30%) SMTP
13 5 (0.30%) SSL
13 5 (0.30%) WAN
14 4 (0.24%) Kerberos
14 4 (0.24%) POP3
15 2 (0.12%) Asterisk PBX
15 2 (0.12%) BIG-IP
15 2 (0.12%) Radio Access Network
Database & Business Intelligence
1 498 (30.07%) RDBMS
2 372 (22.46%) SQL Server
3 294 (17.75%) PostgreSQL
4 258 (15.58%) NoSQL
5 252 (15.22%) MySQL
6 207 (12.50%) Data Warehouse
7 164 (9.90%) Big Data
8 150 (9.06%) Power BI
9 125 (7.55%) Oracle Database
10 124 (7.49%) MongoDB
11 104 (6.28%) Data Lake
12 103 (6.22%) Tableau
13 91 (5.50%) Hadoop
14 89 (5.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 66 (3.99%) Redis
16 65 (3.93%) Metadata
17 57 (3.44%) Apache Hive
18 51 (3.08%) Oracle Database 12c
19 49 (2.96%) Apache Cassandra
20 44 (2.66%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 310 (18.72%) Git (software)
2 242 (14.61%) Jenkins
3 227 (13.71%) JIRA
4 99 (5.98%) TeamCity
5 87 (5.25%) Visual Studio
6 78 (4.71%) Maven
6 78 (4.71%) Subversion
7 69 (4.17%) JUnit
8 67 (4.05%) Bitbucket
9 66 (3.99%) Selenium
10 48 (2.90%) Artifactory
11 43 (2.60%) Cucumber
12 37 (2.23%) Oracle APEX
13 30 (1.81%) Cypress.io
13 30 (1.81%) Robot Framework
14 28 (1.69%) GitLab
15 26 (1.57%) CppUnit
15 26 (1.57%) ERwin
16 25 (1.51%) JMeter
17 22 (1.33%) Gradle
General
1 492 (29.71%) Social Skills
2 431 (26.03%) Finance
3 257 (15.52%) Banking
4 246 (14.86%) Analytical Skills
5 169 (10.21%) Investment Banking
6 154 (9.30%) Front Office
7 118 (7.13%) Public Sector
8 54 (3.26%) Presentation Skills
9 45 (2.72%) Marketing
10 29 (1.75%) Telecoms
11 28 (1.69%) Organisational Skills
12 26 (1.57%) Legal
13 22 (1.33%) Influencing Skills
14 20 (1.21%) Manufacturing
15 19 (1.15%) Documentation Skills
15 19 (1.15%) Retail
16 18 (1.09%) Financial Institution
17 16 (0.97%) Electronics
17 16 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
18 12 (0.72%) Games
Job Titles
1 879 (53.08%) Developer
2 241 (14.55%) Java Developer
3 141 (8.51%) Architect
4 123 (7.43%) Data Engineer
5 118 (7.13%) Senior Developer
6 113 (6.82%) Analyst
7 93 (5.62%) Full Stack Developer
8 75 (4.53%) Python Developer
9 66 (3.99%) C# Developer
10 59 (3.56%) Solutions Architect
11 58 (3.50%) DBA
12 51 (3.08%) Software Engineer
13 49 (2.96%) .NET Developer
13 49 (2.96%) SQL Developer
14 48 (2.90%) C++ Developer
15 47 (2.84%) Data Modeller
16 45 (2.72%) Senior Java Developer
17 44 (2.66%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 41 (2.48%) Data Architect
18 41 (2.48%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 243 (14.67%) Spring
2 232 (14.01%) React
3 228 (13.77%) REST
4 224 (13.53%) .NET
5 222 (13.41%) CSS
6 219 (13.22%) HTML
7 199 (12.02%) AngularJS
8 180 (10.87%) XML
9 159 (9.60%) Web Services
10 154 (9.30%) JSON
11 148 (8.94%) Kafka
12 141 (8.51%) RESTful
13 120 (7.25%) Node.js
14 100 (6.04%) Spring Boot
15 92 (5.56%) Middleware
16 77 (4.65%) J2EE
16 77 (4.65%) SOAP
17 70 (4.23%) HTML5
18 68 (4.11%) .NET Framework
19 67 (4.05%) Reactive Extensions
Miscellaneous
1 103 (6.22%) User Experience
2 70 (4.23%) Data Structures
3 50 (3.02%) Enterprise Software
4 49 (2.96%) Public Cloud
5 45 (2.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 42 (2.54%) Client/Server
7 41 (2.48%) Reference Data
8 39 (2.36%) Algorithms
9 37 (2.23%) Management Information System
10 34 (2.05%) Legacy Systems
10 34 (2.05%) Self-Motivation
11 30 (1.81%) Fixed Income
12 28 (1.69%) Derivative
13 27 (1.63%) Cloud Native
14 24 (1.45%) NHS
15 22 (1.33%) Data Protection Act
16 20 (1.21%) Data Centre
17 18 (1.09%) Credit Derivative
17 18 (1.09%) Virtual Team
18 17 (1.03%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 223 (13.47%) Linux
2 193 (11.65%) Unix
3 164 (9.90%) Windows
4 24 (1.45%) Windows Server
5 15 (0.91%) Solaris
6 12 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.60%) Mac OS X
8 8 (0.48%) AIX
9 6 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (0.30%) Android
10 5 (0.30%) HPUX
10 5 (0.30%) VMS
11 3 (0.18%) Apple iOS
12 2 (0.12%) VME
12 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
12 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
13 1 (0.060%) CentOS
13 1 (0.060%) Oracle Linux
13 1 (0.060%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.060%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 669 (40.40%) Agile Software Development
2 332 (20.05%) Microservices
3 309 (18.66%) DevOps
4 285 (17.21%) Problem-Solving
5 274 (16.55%) ETL
6 260 (15.70%) CI/CD
7 258 (15.58%) Business Intelligence
8 246 (14.86%) TDD
9 229 (13.83%) Analytics
10 219 (13.22%) Data Modelling
11 207 (12.50%) Scrum
12 199 (12.02%) Test Automation
13 186 (11.23%) Continuous Integration
14 182 (10.99%) SDLC
15 180 (10.87%) OO
16 169 (10.21%) Full Stack Development
17 152 (9.18%) Software Engineering
18 126 (7.61%) Continuous Improvement
19 121 (7.31%) Visualisation
20 105 (6.34%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 871 (52.60%) SQL
2 508 (30.68%) Java
3 407 (24.58%) Python
4 376 (22.71%) JavaScript
5 301 (18.18%) C#
6 160 (9.66%) TypeScript
7 108 (6.52%) C++
8 98 (5.92%) PowerShell
9 87 (5.25%) Java 8
10 81 (4.89%) PL/SQL
10 81 (4.89%) Scala
11 67 (4.05%) Bash
12 65 (3.93%) Shell Script
13 55 (3.32%) T-SQL
14 48 (2.90%) Ruby
15 47 (2.84%) Go
16 44 (2.66%) PHP
17 43 (2.60%) Perl
18 41 (2.48%) C
18 41 (2.48%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 142 (8.57%) Security Cleared
2 121 (7.31%) SC Cleared
3 111 (6.70%) Degree
4 27 (1.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (1.51%) BPSS Clearance
6 12 (0.72%) ISTQB
7 8 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 8 (0.48%) Master's Degree
8 7 (0.42%) AWS Certification
8 7 (0.42%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 6 (0.36%) DV Cleared
9 6 (0.36%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 5 (0.30%) ISEB
10 5 (0.30%) OCP
10 5 (0.30%) Oracle Certification
10 5 (0.30%) PhD
11 4 (0.24%) OSCP
11 4 (0.24%) Postgraduate
11 4 (0.24%) Sun Certification
11 4 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 69 (4.17%) Data Quality
2 64 (3.86%) QA
3 36 (2.17%) Accessibility
4 25 (1.51%) GDPR
5 12 (0.72%) Dodd-Frank
6 11 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.36%) NIST
8 4 (0.24%) Basel II
8 4 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 3 (0.18%) SLA
10 2 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.12%) Dublin Core
10 2 (0.12%) GRC
10 2 (0.12%) HL7
10 2 (0.12%) PMBOK
10 2 (0.12%) WCAG
11 1 (0.060%) CDISC
11 1 (0.060%) DICOM
11 1 (0.060%) GLBA
11 1 (0.060%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 203 (12.26%) Docker
2 39 (2.36%) Active Directory
3 35 (2.11%) HDFS
4 15 (0.91%) Oracle RAC
5 7 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 6 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.30%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.30%) Oracle Clusterware
7 5 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
8 4 (0.24%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 3 (0.18%) LXC
10 1 (0.060%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.060%) Firmware
10 1 (0.060%) Postfix
10 1 (0.060%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 144 (8.70%) Kubernetes
2 107 (6.46%) Ansible
3 89 (5.37%) Terraform
4 32 (1.93%) ITRS Geneos
5 26 (1.57%) BladeLogic
6 22 (1.33%) Prometheus
7 20 (1.21%) Data Guard
8 18 (1.09%) Kibana
9 16 (0.97%) Oracle RMAN
10 15 (0.91%) Grafana
10 15 (0.91%) Istio
10 15 (0.91%) Puppet
10 15 (0.91%) Single Sign-On
11 14 (0.85%) logstash
12 12 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
13 10 (0.60%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 9 (0.54%) Graphite
15 8 (0.48%) Rancher
16 6 (0.36%) Hadoop YARN
16 6 (0.36%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 467 (28.20%) Oracle
2 242 (14.61%) Microsoft
3 54 (3.26%) Salesforce.com
4 51 (3.08%) Cloudera
4 51 (3.08%) Sybase
5 47 (2.84%) SAP
6 46 (2.78%) Databricks
7 41 (2.48%) Google
8 29 (1.75%) Talend
9 28 (1.69%) TIBCO
10 26 (1.57%) Atlassian
10 26 (1.57%) FIS
10 26 (1.57%) Splunk
10 26 (1.57%) SunGard
11 24 (1.45%) Alteryx
12 23 (1.39%) Teradata
13 21 (1.27%) Informatica
13 21 (1.27%) Sparx
14 18 (1.09%) IBM
14 18 (1.09%) Murex