Period
to 23 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 109 106 106
Rank change year-on-year -3 0 +16
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2,399 2,344 2,150
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.41% 2.33% 2.24%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.73% 10.60% 9.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,558 1,630 1,366
UK median daily rate £495 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £339 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 22 30
UK median hourly rate £24.49 £37.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -34.69% -11.76% +6.25%
10th Percentile £17.25 £23.00 £16.82
90th Percentile £49.38 £47.25 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.49 £35.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -30.03% -17.65% +6.25%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 22,361 22,113 21,702
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.44% 21.99% 22.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,420 15,393 14,477
UK median daily rate £475 £455 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.40% +7.06% +2.41%
10th Percentile £317 £310 £288
90th Percentile £645 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 254 312
UK median hourly rate £32.75 £30.63 £28.18
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.94% +8.68% -6.07%
10th Percentile £13.25 £14.54 £10.05
90th Percentile £56.66 £56.41 £48.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.75 £35.00 £26.50
% change year-on-year -6.43% +32.08% -8.62%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 2,136 £500 +2.56% 718
London +13 1,250 £550 - 314
UK excluding London -5 1,126 £450 +5.88% 475
South East -37 268 £450 -5.26% 127
Midlands +44 198 £450 +28.57% 71
North of England +7 196 £425 - 112
Scotland +15 156 £425 +6.25% 50
South West -24 124 £450 +5.88% 58
West Midlands +30 109 £450 +5.88% 51
East of England 0 101 £463 +8.82% 36
North West -7 101 £400 +6.67% 60
East Midlands +12 89 £488 +54.76% 20
Yorkshire +6 83 £500 +17.65% 44
Wales -31 55 £450 +12.50% 14
Northern Ireland +2 30 £412 -1.90% 7
North East -13 12 £475 +11.76% 8
Isle of Man - 2 - -
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 23 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,226 (51.10%) Agile Software Development
2 1,085 (45.23%) SQL
3 1,045 (43.56%) Java
4 872 (36.35%) RDBMS
5 654 (27.26%) SQL Server
6 638 (26.59%) Oracle
7 620 (25.84%) Git (software)
8 559 (23.30%) JavaScript
9 528 (22.01%) Linux
10 482 (20.09%) HTML
11 479 (19.97%) Spring
12 468 (19.51%) TDD
12 468 (19.51%) Python
13 460 (19.17%) Unix
14 453 (18.88%) Test Automation
15 425 (17.72%) Finance
16 420 (17.51%) CSS
17 412 (17.17%) Scrum
18 411 (17.13%) REST
19 401 (16.72%) MySQL
20 392 (16.34%) DevOps
21 389 (16.22%) Jenkins
22 381 (15.88%) NoSQL
23 375 (15.63%) Continuous Integration
24 357 (14.88%) Web Services
25 352 (14.67%) Microservices
26 345 (14.38%) Amazon AWS
27 333 (13.88%) OO
28 327 (13.63%) Microsoft
29 324 (13.51%) RESTful

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 180 (7.50%) Confluence
2 147 (6.13%) Apache Spark
3 115 (4.79%) WebSphere
4 94 (3.92%) Apache
5 65 (2.71%) Elasticsearch
6 64 (2.67%) Mule
7 51 (2.13%) WebLogic
8 50 (2.08%) JBoss
9 48 (2.00%) CMS
9 48 (2.00%) WildFly
10 43 (1.79%) SAS
11 32 (1.33%) SharePoint
12 31 (1.29%) IIS
12 31 (1.29%) Tomcat
13 29 (1.21%) Apache Solr
14 26 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 25 (1.04%) Cloud Foundry
16 18 (0.75%) Commerce Server
17 16 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 13 (0.54%) Documentum
Applications
1 131 (5.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 51 (2.13%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (0.54%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.17%) Photoshop
6 4 (0.17%) SPSS
7 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.083%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.083%) GIMP
8 2 (0.083%) GNU Octave
8 2 (0.083%) HipChat
9 1 (0.042%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 19 (0.79%) Teamcenter
2 11 (0.46%) SAP Hybris
3 10 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.33%) Dynamics NAV
5 7 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
6 6 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
6 6 (0.25%) Endur
7 5 (0.21%) ION MarketView
8 4 (0.17%) Loan IQ
8 4 (0.17%) Magento
8 4 (0.17%) Markit EDM
8 4 (0.17%) SAP ERP
9 3 (0.13%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 3 (0.13%) Elite 3E
9 3 (0.13%) NetSuite
9 3 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
9 3 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
10 2 (0.083%) Dynamics GP
10 2 (0.083%) LatentZero
10 2 (0.083%) PolarLake
Cloud Services
1 345 (14.38%) Amazon AWS
2 242 (10.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 65 (2.71%) Google Cloud Platform
4 63 (2.63%) Amazon EMR
5 60 (2.50%) Amazon S3
6 56 (2.33%) Serverless
7 51 (2.13%) PaaS
8 48 (2.00%) AWS Lambda
9 42 (1.75%) OpenShift
10 41 (1.71%) Amazon EC2
11 38 (1.58%) GitHub
12 29 (1.21%) SaaS
13 25 (1.04%) IaaS
14 24 (1.00%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 23 (0.96%) Amazon Glacier
16 21 (0.88%) Azure Data Factory
17 19 (0.79%) npm
18 18 (0.75%) Office 365
19 13 (0.54%) Apigee
20 12 (0.50%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 204 (8.50%) HTTP
2 64 (2.67%) TCP/IP
3 53 (2.21%) SSL
4 46 (1.92%) Internet
5 43 (1.79%) DNS
6 42 (1.75%) FTP
7 33 (1.38%) DHCP
8 31 (1.29%) IPsec
9 29 (1.21%) VPN
10 17 (0.71%) Firewall
11 16 (0.67%) MPLS
12 14 (0.58%) AMQP
13 9 (0.38%) SMTP
14 7 (0.29%) Kerberos
15 6 (0.25%) Intranet
16 5 (0.21%) LAN
16 5 (0.21%) WAN
17 4 (0.17%) SAN
18 3 (0.13%) HTTPS
18 3 (0.13%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 872 (36.35%) RDBMS
2 654 (27.26%) SQL Server
3 401 (16.72%) MySQL
4 381 (15.88%) NoSQL
5 300 (12.51%) Data Warehouse
6 288 (12.01%) MongoDB
7 242 (10.09%) PostgreSQL
8 229 (9.55%) Big Data
9 203 (8.46%) Hadoop
10 134 (5.59%) Oracle Database
11 116 (4.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 110 (4.59%) Power BI
13 109 (4.54%) Apache Hive
14 104 (4.34%) Apache Cassandra
15 90 (3.75%) DB2
16 74 (3.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 70 (2.92%) Data Lake
17 70 (2.92%) Neo4j
18 64 (2.67%) HBase
19 54 (2.25%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 620 (25.84%) Git (software)
2 389 (16.22%) Jenkins
3 245 (10.21%) JIRA
4 226 (9.42%) Subversion
5 210 (8.75%) JUnit
6 208 (8.67%) Maven
7 107 (4.46%) Selenium
8 101 (4.21%) Cucumber
9 94 (3.92%) Mockito
10 85 (3.54%) SonarQube
11 77 (3.21%) Hudson
12 68 (2.83%) NUnit
13 59 (2.46%) Team Foundation Server
14 53 (2.21%) Gradle
15 51 (2.13%) Visual Studio Team System
16 50 (2.08%) Visual Studio
17 49 (2.04%) Checkstyle
17 49 (2.04%) Vagrant
18 48 (2.00%) Eclipse
19 46 (1.92%) Liquibase
General
1 425 (17.72%) Finance
2 249 (10.38%) Banking
3 167 (6.96%) Retail
4 151 (6.29%) Investment Banking
5 134 (5.59%) Front Office
6 62 (2.58%) Marketing
7 37 (1.54%) Publishing
8 28 (1.17%) Telecoms
9 22 (0.92%) Manufacturing
10 21 (0.88%) Advertising
11 16 (0.67%) Financial Institution
11 16 (0.67%) Legal
12 13 (0.54%) Games
12 13 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
13 12 (0.50%) Electronics
14 10 (0.42%) Back Office
14 10 (0.42%) Law
15 6 (0.25%) Automotive
15 6 (0.25%) Multimedia
16 5 (0.21%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,407 (58.65%) Developer
2 501 (20.88%) Java Developer
3 177 (7.38%) Analyst
4 159 (6.63%) Architect
5 146 (6.09%) Senior Developer
6 145 (6.04%) Full Stack Developer
7 108 (4.50%) DevOps Engineer
8 101 (4.21%) .NET Developer
9 91 (3.79%) Software Engineer
10 89 (3.71%) Data Engineer
11 88 (3.67%) SQL Developer
12 87 (3.63%) Agile Developer
13 86 (3.58%) Scala Developer
14 78 (3.25%) Data Analyst
15 70 (2.92%) C# Developer
16 69 (2.88%) Senior Java Developer
17 68 (2.83%) Node.js Developer
17 68 (2.83%) Python Developer
18 65 (2.71%) DBA
19 64 (2.67%) ETL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 482 (20.09%) HTML
2 479 (19.97%) Spring
3 420 (17.51%) CSS
4 411 (17.13%) REST
5 357 (14.88%) Web Services
6 324 (13.51%) RESTful
7 304 (12.67%) AngularJS
8 298 (12.42%) XML
9 274 (11.42%) JSON
10 258 (10.75%) .NET
11 230 (9.59%) Node.js
12 201 (8.38%) Hibernate
12 201 (8.38%) HTML5
13 166 (6.92%) React
14 165 (6.88%) Spring Boot
15 148 (6.17%) CSS3
16 132 (5.50%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 130 (5.42%) J2EE
18 129 (5.38%) JMS
19 121 (5.04%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 320 (13.34%) Analytical Skills
2 85 (3.54%) Data Structures
3 73 (3.04%) Algorithms
4 66 (2.75%) Fixed Income
5 64 (2.67%) Linux Command Line
6 54 (2.25%) Derivative
7 48 (2.00%) Management Information System
8 46 (1.92%) User Experience
9 41 (1.71%) Self-Motivation
10 39 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
11 38 (1.58%) Greenfield Project
12 36 (1.50%) Clustering
12 36 (1.50%) Fintech
13 32 (1.33%) Virtual Team
14 30 (1.25%) Cloud Native
15 27 (1.13%) Mobile App
15 27 (1.13%) Replication
16 24 (1.00%) Equity Derivative
17 20 (0.83%) Equities
17 20 (0.83%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 528 (22.01%) Linux
2 460 (19.17%) Unix
3 206 (8.59%) Windows
4 59 (2.46%) Mac OS X
5 48 (2.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 48 (2.00%) VMS
6 43 (1.79%) Apple iOS
7 40 (1.67%) Windows Server
8 33 (1.38%) Android
9 28 (1.17%) Solaris
10 21 (0.88%) AIX
11 16 (0.67%) Windows Server 2012
12 7 (0.29%) CentOS
13 5 (0.21%) Windows 7
13 5 (0.21%) Windows Server 2003
13 5 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
14 4 (0.17%) Ubuntu
15 3 (0.13%) Debian
15 3 (0.13%) HPUX
16 2 (0.083%) Tru64
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,226 (51.10%) Agile Software Development
2 468 (19.51%) TDD
3 453 (18.88%) Test Automation
4 412 (17.17%) Scrum
5 392 (16.34%) DevOps
6 375 (15.63%) Continuous Integration
7 352 (14.67%) Microservices
8 333 (13.88%) OO
9 306 (12.76%) ETL
10 295 (12.30%) BDD
11 287 (11.96%) Problem-Solving
12 284 (11.84%) Business Intelligence
12 284 (11.84%) MVC
13 280 (11.67%) Data Modelling
14 274 (11.42%) Open Source
15 246 (10.25%) Analytics
16 239 (9.96%) SDLC
17 209 (8.71%) Software Engineering
18 188 (7.84%) Configuration Management
19 177 (7.38%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 1,085 (45.23%) SQL
2 1,045 (43.56%) Java
3 559 (23.30%) JavaScript
4 468 (19.51%) Python
5 281 (11.71%) C#
6 213 (8.88%) Java 8
7 212 (8.84%) Scala
8 146 (6.09%) Ruby
9 120 (5.00%) T-SQL
10 110 (4.59%) PL/SQL
11 96 (4.00%) Shell Script
12 85 (3.54%) R
13 84 (3.50%) Perl
14 73 (3.04%) PHP
15 70 (2.92%) TypeScript
16 60 (2.50%) Go
17 59 (2.46%) C++
18 56 (2.33%) Bash Shell
19 51 (2.13%) PowerShell
20 50 (2.08%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 180 (7.50%) Security Cleared
2 167 (6.96%) Degree
3 138 (5.75%) SC Cleared
4 77 (3.21%) BPSS Clearance
5 46 (1.92%) Computer Science Degree
6 35 (1.46%) Numerate Degree
7 20 (0.83%) Master's Degree
8 16 (0.67%) CISM
8 16 (0.67%) CISSP
9 12 (0.50%) DBS Check
9 12 (0.50%) ISTQB
9 12 (0.50%) PhD
9 12 (0.50%) Sun Certification
10 9 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 9 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
11 6 (0.25%) DV Cleared
11 6 (0.25%) ISEB
11 6 (0.25%) PMP
12 5 (0.21%) CFA
13 4 (0.17%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 103 (4.29%) Data Quality
2 76 (3.17%) QA
3 34 (1.42%) GDPR
4 15 (0.63%) Basel III
5 14 (0.58%) FINRA
6 10 (0.42%) SLA
7 7 (0.29%) EMIR
7 7 (0.29%) MiFID
8 6 (0.25%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.21%) WCAG
10 4 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.17%) IFRS
10 4 (0.17%) IFRS 9
11 3 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.13%) PMO
12 2 (0.083%) HL7
12 2 (0.083%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 2 (0.083%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.083%) SNOMED CT
13 1 (0.042%) 21 CFR Part 11
System Software
1 257 (10.71%) Docker
2 59 (2.46%) Active Directory
3 35 (1.46%) Virtual Machines
4 30 (1.25%) HDFS
5 21 (0.88%) VMware Infrastructure
6 14 (0.58%) Apache Flume
7 12 (0.50%) Oracle RAC
8 11 (0.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 9 (0.38%) vSphere
10 5 (0.21%) KVM
11 4 (0.17%) vCloud
12 2 (0.083%) Microsoft App-V
12 2 (0.083%) VMware Server
12 2 (0.083%) XenApp
12 2 (0.083%) XenDesktop
13 1 (0.042%) NFS
13 1 (0.042%) RACF
13 1 (0.042%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 1 (0.042%) Varnish
13 1 (0.042%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 144 (6.00%) Ansible
2 125 (5.21%) Kubernetes
3 124 (5.17%) Opscode Chef
4 92 (3.83%) Puppet
5 62 (2.58%) Terraform
6 31 (1.29%) Single Sign-On
7 29 (1.21%) Kibana
8 24 (1.00%) Mesos
9 20 (0.83%) Marathon
10 17 (0.71%) logstash
11 15 (0.63%) Prometheus
12 14 (0.58%) Control-M
13 13 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
14 12 (0.50%) HP Quality Center
15 9 (0.38%) Data Guard
15 9 (0.38%) Grafana
16 8 (0.33%) HP ALM
16 8 (0.33%) Nagios
16 8 (0.33%) Suricata
17 7 (0.29%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 638 (26.59%) Oracle
2 327 (13.63%) Microsoft
3 130 (5.42%) Google
4 99 (4.13%) Sybase
5 97 (4.04%) IBM
6 77 (3.21%) Tableau
7 75 (3.13%) SAP
8 74 (3.08%) Informatica
9 60 (2.50%) Teradata
10 59 (2.46%) Cloudera
11 50 (2.08%) Hortonworks
12 49 (2.04%) Red Hat
13 40 (1.67%) Atlassian
14 36 (1.50%) VMware
15 35 (1.46%) Talend
16 34 (1.42%) Adobe
17 31 (1.29%) Splunk
18 28 (1.17%) MuleSoft
19 25 (1.04%) hybris
20 24 (1.00%) Cognos