Period
to 2 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 2 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
2 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 130 129 100
Rank change year-on-year -1 -29 -2
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 786 1,853 2,576
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.90% 2.00% 2.52%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.79% 9.05% 11.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 547 1,212 1,743
Median daily rate £500 £500 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.17% +7.38%
10th Percentile £350 £363 £338
90th Percentile £668 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £432
% change year-on-year - +4.29% +4.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 39 19
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.57 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.46% +10.04% +101.79%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £43.25 £40.00
% change year-on-year -19.08% +8.13% +99.30%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 8,937 20,469 23,144
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.66% 22.15% 22.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,853 14,035 16,113
Median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £631
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 186 248 231
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £33.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +4.48% +11.67%
10th Percentile £15.97 £14.40 £14.00
90th Percentile £52.56 £60.00 £55.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £33.50
% change year-on-year - +4.48% +8.06%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 2 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 2 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 2 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 687 £500 - 158
London +21 432 £525 -4.55% 52
UK excluding London -5 328 £450 - 122
North of England +39 85 £500 +5.26% 43
South East -10 74 £425 -5.56% 23
North West +69 64 £538 +21.47% 21
Work from Home -1 51 £505 +4.07% 25
East of England +36 40 £525 +16.67% 10
Scotland -33 35 £525 +20.00% 5
Wales +52 34 £490 +15.29% 7
South West +19 29 £481 +6.94% 11
Midlands +15 24 £450 +12.36% 19
Yorkshire +19 16 £375 -25.00% 15
East Midlands +18 14 £425 +6.25% 12
Northern Ireland +15 12 £431 -15.90% 4
West Midlands +30 10 £550 +29.41% 5
North East +27 7 £430 -9.47% 7

For the 6 months to 2 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 402 (51.15%) SQL
2 296 (37.66%) Java
3 287 (36.51%) Agile Software Development
4 259 (32.95%) Oracle
5 241 (30.66%) RDBMS
6 212 (26.97%) Python
7 209 (26.59%) AWS
8 206 (26.21%) SQL Server
9 194 (24.68%) Finance
10 161 (20.48%) JavaScript
11 157 (19.97%) Git (software)
12 147 (18.70%) ETL
13 140 (17.81%) Web Services
14 137 (17.43%) MySQL
15 132 (16.79%) Linux
16 131 (16.67%) Azure
17 129 (16.41%) Microservices
18 124 (15.78%) HTML
18 124 (15.78%) Data Modelling
19 122 (15.52%) Test Automation
20 120 (15.27%) Continuous Integration
21 117 (14.89%) Spring
22 112 (14.25%) Software Engineering
23 111 (14.12%) Banking
23 111 (14.12%) Analytical Skills
24 109 (13.87%) NoSQL
24 109 (13.87%) Unix
25 105 (13.36%) Scrum
26 101 (12.85%) Security Cleared
27 100 (12.72%) JIRA

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (6.87%) Apache Spark
2 44 (5.60%) Confluence
3 19 (2.42%) WebLogic
4 18 (2.29%) Mule
5 16 (2.04%) Apache
5 16 (2.04%) SAS
6 14 (1.78%) Camunda
6 14 (1.78%) SharePoint
7 13 (1.65%) Elasticsearch
7 13 (1.65%) IIS
7 13 (1.65%) Tomcat
8 11 (1.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 9 (1.15%) WebSphere
10 8 (1.02%) JBoss
11 6 (0.76%) ArcGIS
11 6 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (0.64%) CMS
12 5 (0.64%) GlassFish
12 5 (0.64%) WebSphere Application Server
13 4 (0.51%) JCAPS
Applications
1 53 (6.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (2.54%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (1.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.76%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.51%) Chatbot
5 4 (0.51%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.38%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.25%) Zeplin
8 1 (0.13%) Camtasia
8 1 (0.13%) MadCap Flare
8 1 (0.13%) SPSS
8 1 (0.13%) Stata
Business Applications
1 12 (1.53%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (0.89%) FINCAD Analytics
3 4 (0.51%) BusinessWorks
3 4 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.51%) Magento
4 2 (0.25%) Hyperion Planning
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle 11i
4 2 (0.25%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.13%) Endur
5 1 (0.13%) Infor M3
5 1 (0.13%) iTrent
5 1 (0.13%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.13%) Movex
5 1 (0.13%) Northgate Housing
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.13%) ResourceLink
5 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 209 (26.59%) AWS
2 131 (16.67%) Azure
3 53 (6.74%) GCP
4 34 (4.33%) Power Platform
5 33 (4.20%) Serverless
6 24 (3.05%) AWS Lambda
7 18 (2.29%) Amazon S3
8 15 (1.91%) PaaS
9 14 (1.78%) Coveralls
10 13 (1.65%) GitHub
11 11 (1.40%) Amazon EC2
11 11 (1.40%) Amazon EMR
11 11 (1.40%) AWS CloudFormation
11 11 (1.40%) OpenShift
12 10 (1.27%) Amazon Kinesis
12 10 (1.27%) AWS Step Functions
13 9 (1.15%) Azure Data Factory
13 9 (1.15%) Cloud Computing
13 9 (1.15%) SaaS
13 9 (1.15%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 54 (6.87%) HTTP
2 20 (2.54%) DNS
3 14 (1.78%) TCP/IP
4 13 (1.65%) RTMP
4 13 (1.65%) SSL
5 12 (1.53%) FTP
6 11 (1.40%) Firewall
7 8 (1.02%) Internet
8 5 (0.64%) DSL
8 5 (0.64%) LAN
9 4 (0.51%) Intrusion Detection
9 4 (0.51%) IPsec
9 4 (0.51%) SMTP
9 4 (0.51%) tcpdump
9 4 (0.51%) VPN
9 4 (0.51%) WAN
9 4 (0.51%) Wireshark
10 3 (0.38%) AMQP
10 3 (0.38%) SAN
11 2 (0.25%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 241 (30.66%) RDBMS
2 206 (26.21%) SQL Server
3 137 (17.43%) MySQL
4 109 (13.87%) NoSQL
5 95 (12.09%) MongoDB
6 92 (11.70%) Big Data
7 89 (11.32%) Data Warehouse
8 69 (8.78%) PostgreSQL
9 56 (7.12%) Hadoop
10 53 (6.74%) Oracle Database
11 48 (6.11%) Amazon RDS
12 46 (5.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 42 (5.34%) Amazon Aurora
14 38 (4.83%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 36 (4.58%) Impala
15 36 (4.58%) Redis
16 34 (4.33%) Apache Cassandra
16 34 (4.33%) Apache Hive
17 32 (4.07%) Power BI
18 31 (3.94%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 157 (19.97%) Git (software)
2 100 (12.72%) JIRA
3 99 (12.60%) Jenkins
4 68 (8.65%) Maven
5 44 (5.60%) JUnit
6 31 (3.94%) Gradle
7 28 (3.56%) TeamCity
8 27 (3.44%) Ant
9 26 (3.31%) Visual Studio
10 25 (3.18%) Subversion
11 24 (3.05%) Team Foundation Server
12 22 (2.80%) Cucumber
13 15 (1.91%) NUnit
14 14 (1.78%) Bitbucket Server
14 14 (1.78%) Eclipse
14 14 (1.78%) SonarQube
15 13 (1.65%) Selenium
15 13 (1.65%) Toad
16 12 (1.53%) Mockito
17 11 (1.40%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 194 (24.68%) Finance
2 111 (14.12%) Banking
3 73 (9.29%) Public Sector
4 58 (7.38%) Investment Banking
5 52 (6.62%) Front Office
6 18 (2.29%) Marketing
7 13 (1.65%) Back Office
8 11 (1.40%) Retail
9 9 (1.15%) Telecoms
10 8 (1.02%) Games
11 6 (0.76%) Manufacturing
12 5 (0.64%) Advertising
12 5 (0.64%) Law
12 5 (0.64%) Legal
12 5 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
13 4 (0.51%) Electronics
13 4 (0.51%) Local Government
14 3 (0.38%) Automotive
14 3 (0.38%) Housing Association
14 3 (0.38%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 443 (56.36%) Developer
2 156 (19.85%) Java Developer
3 81 (10.31%) Analyst
4 59 (7.51%) Architect
5 54 (6.87%) AWS Engineer
5 54 (6.87%) Data Engineer
5 54 (6.87%) Software Engineer
6 53 (6.74%) Senior Developer
7 47 (5.98%) AWS Developer
7 47 (5.98%) Python Developer
7 47 (5.98%) SQL Developer
8 44 (5.60%) Java Engineer
9 37 (4.71%) Data Analyst
10 33 (4.20%) AWS Software Engineer
10 33 (4.20%) Java Software Engineer
11 31 (3.94%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 29 (3.69%) C# Developer
13 26 (3.31%) Data Architect
13 26 (3.31%) DBA
13 26 (3.31%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 140 (17.81%) Web Services
2 124 (15.78%) HTML
3 117 (14.89%) Spring
4 90 (11.45%) CSS
5 88 (11.20%) XML
6 80 (10.18%) .NET
7 79 (10.05%) REST
8 63 (8.02%) AngularJS
9 60 (7.63%) React
10 59 (7.51%) RESTful
11 57 (7.25%) HTML5
12 51 (6.49%) Kafka
13 46 (5.85%) JSON
14 44 (5.60%) Spring Boot
15 42 (5.34%) gRPC
16 40 (5.09%) Middleware
17 39 (4.96%) jQuery
18 36 (4.58%) Node.js
18 36 (4.58%) SOAP
19 34 (4.33%) Protocol Buffers
Miscellaneous
1 111 (14.12%) Analytical Skills
2 35 (4.45%) Data Structures
2 35 (4.45%) Fixed Income
3 34 (4.33%) Reference Data
4 26 (3.31%) Management Information System
5 22 (2.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 21 (2.67%) Cloud Native
7 18 (2.29%) Enterprise Software
7 18 (2.29%) Self-Motivation
7 18 (2.29%) User Experience
8 16 (2.04%) Derivative
9 15 (1.91%) Algorithms
9 15 (1.91%) Mobile App
10 14 (1.78%) Greenfield Project
10 14 (1.78%) Semantic Web
11 13 (1.65%) Client/Server
12 12 (1.53%) Hedge funds
13 11 (1.40%) Virtual Team
14 10 (1.27%) Linux Command Line
14 10 (1.27%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 132 (16.79%) Linux
2 109 (13.87%) Unix
3 69 (8.78%) Windows
4 22 (2.80%) Windows Server
5 18 (2.29%) Solaris
6 10 (1.27%) Mac OS X
7 7 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.76%) Android
8 6 (0.76%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.51%) AIX
10 3 (0.38%) CentOS
10 3 (0.38%) HPUX
10 3 (0.38%) VME
10 3 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.38%) Windows Server 2016
11 2 (0.25%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.25%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 287 (36.51%) Agile Software Development
2 147 (18.70%) ETL
3 129 (16.41%) Microservices
4 124 (15.78%) Data Modelling
5 122 (15.52%) Test Automation
6 120 (15.27%) Continuous Integration
7 112 (14.25%) Software Engineering
8 105 (13.36%) Scrum
9 98 (12.47%) Analytics
9 98 (12.47%) TDD
10 97 (12.34%) DevOps
10 97 (12.34%) OO
11 90 (11.45%) Business Intelligence
12 88 (11.20%) Problem-Solving
13 80 (10.18%) Migration
14 76 (9.67%) SDLC
15 72 (9.16%) Unit Testing
16 55 (7.00%) Data Analysis
17 48 (6.11%) Asset Management
18 46 (5.85%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 402 (51.15%) SQL
2 296 (37.66%) Java
3 212 (26.97%) Python
4 161 (20.48%) JavaScript
5 90 (11.45%) C#
6 58 (7.38%) Java 8
7 47 (5.98%) Scala
8 41 (5.22%) R
9 33 (4.20%) Bash Shell
9 33 (4.20%) PowerShell
9 33 (4.20%) Shell Script
10 31 (3.94%) PL/SQL
11 27 (3.44%) T-SQL
12 26 (3.31%) PHP
12 26 (3.31%) TypeScript
13 24 (3.05%) Perl
14 17 (2.16%) C++
14 17 (2.16%) VBA
15 14 (1.78%) Ruby
16 13 (1.65%) VB
Qualifications
1 101 (12.85%) Security Cleared
2 91 (11.58%) SC Cleared
3 78 (9.92%) Degree
4 22 (2.80%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (2.29%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (1.02%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.64%) CEH
7 5 (0.64%) DBS Check
8 4 (0.51%) CREST Certified
8 4 (0.51%) GIAC
8 4 (0.51%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.38%) DV Cleared
9 3 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.25%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.25%) BC Cleared
10 2 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.25%) ISEB
10 2 (0.25%) PhD
10 2 (0.25%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 2 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 84 (10.69%) QA
2 64 (8.14%) Data Quality
3 16 (2.04%) GDPR
4 10 (1.27%) IFRS
5 9 (1.15%) Solvency II
6 8 (1.02%) SLA
7 5 (0.64%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.51%) MiFID
9 3 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.13%) COBIT
10 1 (0.13%) COSO
10 1 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.13%) Good Clinical Practice
10 1 (0.13%) HL7
10 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.13%) NIST
10 1 (0.13%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.13%) WCAG
System Software
1 97 (12.34%) Docker
2 14 (1.78%) Apache Flume
2 14 (1.78%) HDFS
3 11 (1.40%) Active Directory
4 8 (1.02%) VMware Infrastructure
5 7 (0.89%) Oracle RAC
6 4 (0.51%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.51%) Snort
6 4 (0.51%) Virtual Servers
7 3 (0.38%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 3 (0.38%) Virtual Desktop
8 2 (0.25%) Oracle Clusterware
9 1 (0.13%) LXC
9 1 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 74 (9.41%) Kubernetes
2 36 (4.58%) Terraform
3 26 (3.31%) Opscode Chef
4 21 (2.67%) Puppet
5 17 (2.16%) Ansible
6 10 (1.27%) Data Guard
7 8 (1.02%) Single Sign-On
8 6 (0.76%) Kibana
9 4 (0.51%) Network Intrusion Detection System
9 4 (0.51%) Oozie
9 4 (0.51%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 3 (0.38%) Control-M
10 3 (0.38%) HP ALM
11 2 (0.25%) Oracle RMAN
11 2 (0.25%) Uchiwa
12 1 (0.13%) EMC NetWorker
12 1 (0.13%) Grafana
12 1 (0.13%) Mesos
12 1 (0.13%) Oracle Identity Management
12 1 (0.13%) QRadar
Vendors
1 259 (32.95%) Oracle
2 93 (11.83%) Microsoft
3 48 (6.11%) Sybase
4 39 (4.96%) Cloudera
5 34 (4.33%) Google
6 25 (3.18%) SAP
7 20 (2.54%) IBM
8 19 (2.42%) Talend
9 18 (2.29%) Informatica
10 15 (1.91%) Tableau
11 14 (1.78%) Salesforce.com
12 13 (1.65%) Splunk
13 12 (1.53%) Atlassian
13 12 (1.53%) Databricks
13 12 (1.53%) Hortonworks
14 10 (1.27%) ServiceNow
15 8 (1.02%) Ab Initio
15 8 (1.02%) MicroStrategy
15 8 (1.02%) Sun
15 8 (1.02%) VMware