Period
to 18 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 18 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 102 120 115
Rank change year-on-year +18 -5 -17
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2418 2222 2201
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.43% 2.09% 1.94%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.96% 9.28% 8.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 1552 1449 1363
UK median daily rate £465 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.17% +2.94% +3.03%
10th Percentile £315 £300 £285
90th Percentile £625 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 25 21
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £36.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.81% -8.75% +6.67%
10th Percentile £11.55 £25.90 £19.79
90th Percentile £45.00 £44.45 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £36.50 £38.75
% change year-on-year -17.81% -5.81% +3.33%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 22063 23942 26326
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.20% 22.47% 23.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 14890 15947 17272
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £308 £281 £263
90th Percentile £625 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 278 395 396
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £29.53 £28.06
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.61% +5.21% +12.25%
10th Percentile £13.61 £11.10 £12.63
90th Percentile £54.13 £49.50 £52.17
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.00 £28.50 £29.50
% change year-on-year +12.28% -3.39% +31.11%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 18 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 18 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +22 2073 £475 +7.65% 391
UK excluding London +8 1197 £425 +6.25% 213
London +31 1179 £525 +10.53% 203
South East +44 350 £425 +13.33% 58
North of England +6 223 £425 - 55
Scotland -21 130 £400 - 18
East of England +5 125 £450 +22.03% 32
Yorkshire +13 113 £425 - 10
Midlands -41 111 £388 -6.63% 14
Northern Ireland +4 94 £420 +5.00% 1
North West -5 94 £400 -2.44% 40
Wales +21 86 £380 -20.00% 6
South West 0 81 £375 -6.25% 29
East Midlands +2 77 £350 -17.65% 6
West Midlands -66 34 £425 +6.25% 8
North East +17 19 £425 +1.19% 5

For the 6 months to 18 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1191 (49.26%) SQL
2 1149 (47.52%) Java
3 1132 (46.82%) Agile Software Development
4 991 (40.98%) RDBMS
5 807 (33.37%) Oracle
6 717 (29.65%) Linux
7 653 (27.01%) Finance
8 594 (24.57%) Unix
9 558 (23.08%) Git (software)
10 528 (21.84%) JavaScript
11 520 (21.51%) SQL Server
12 482 (19.93%) HTML
13 461 (19.07%) Python
14 453 (18.73%) TDD
15 444 (18.36%) Test Automation
16 441 (18.24%) Spring
17 429 (17.74%) Continuous Integration
18 416 (17.20%) CSS
19 413 (17.08%) Web Services
20 394 (16.29%) REST
21 381 (15.76%) Scrum
22 348 (14.39%) OO
23 344 (14.23%) Banking
24 341 (14.10%) XML
25 336 (13.90%) C#
26 333 (13.77%) NoSQL
27 331 (13.69%) Jenkins
28 307 (12.70%) Analytical Skills
29 302 (12.49%) .NET
30 300 (12.41%) RESTful

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 147 (6.08%) Confluence
2 114 (4.71%) JBoss
3 104 (4.30%) Apache
4 98 (4.05%) Tomcat
5 95 (3.93%) Apache Spark
6 92 (3.80%) WebLogic
7 73 (3.02%) WebSphere
8 50 (2.07%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 50 (2.07%) WildFly
9 45 (1.86%) SAS
10 42 (1.74%) SharePoint
11 33 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
12 27 (1.12%) CMS
13 25 (1.03%) IIS
14 24 (0.99%) Apache Solr
14 24 (0.99%) Mule
14 24 (0.99%) nginx
15 20 (0.83%) Oracle Workflow
16 13 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
17 12 (0.50%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 79 (3.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 42 (1.74%) Microsoft Office
3 34 (1.41%) MS Visio
4 16 (0.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.54%) HipChat
6 7 (0.29%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.21%) SPSS
8 3 (0.12%) Stata
9 2 (0.083%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.083%) Mingle
9 2 (0.083%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.041%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.041%) Doxygen
10 1 (0.041%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 15 (0.62%) FastStats
2 10 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
3 7 (0.29%) KANA IQ
3 7 (0.29%) Temenos T24
4 6 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
4 6 (0.25%) Teamcenter
5 5 (0.21%) Oracle 11i
5 5 (0.21%) Pega PRPC
5 5 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 4 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
6 4 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
6 4 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
6 4 (0.17%) Eagle PACE
6 4 (0.17%) ION MarketView
6 4 (0.17%) Markit EDM
7 3 (0.12%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
7 3 (0.12%) Oracle iProcurement
7 3 (0.12%) PeopleSoft CRM
7 3 (0.12%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 207 (8.56%) Amazon AWS
2 107 (4.43%) Microsoft Azure
3 36 (1.49%) PaaS
4 31 (1.28%) Google Cloud Platform
5 29 (1.20%) GitHub
6 27 (1.12%) AWS CloudFormation
7 24 (0.99%) Amazon EC2
7 24 (0.99%) SaaS
8 23 (0.95%) IaaS
9 15 (0.62%) Amazon EMR
9 15 (0.62%) Amazon S3
10 12 (0.50%) Cloud Computing
11 11 (0.45%) Serverless
12 10 (0.41%) AWS Lambda
12 10 (0.41%) npm
12 10 (0.41%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 10 (0.41%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 9 (0.37%) Google Analytics
14 6 (0.25%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 5 (0.21%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 220 (9.10%) HTTP
2 88 (3.64%) TCP/IP
3 59 (2.44%) SSL
4 46 (1.90%) Internet
5 38 (1.57%) Firewall
6 35 (1.45%) DNS
7 33 (1.36%) LDAP
8 21 (0.87%) SAN
9 18 (0.74%) FTP
10 17 (0.70%) NAS
11 11 (0.45%) DHCP
12 9 (0.37%) LAN
12 9 (0.37%) SMTP
12 9 (0.37%) WAN
13 8 (0.33%) Network Security
14 7 (0.29%) SSH
15 6 (0.25%) IMAP
15 6 (0.25%) Intranet
15 6 (0.25%) Intrusion Detection
16 4 (0.17%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 991 (40.98%) RDBMS
2 520 (21.51%) SQL Server
3 333 (13.77%) NoSQL
4 296 (12.24%) MySQL
5 251 (10.38%) PostgreSQL
6 196 (8.11%) Data Warehouse
7 193 (7.98%) MongoDB
8 177 (7.32%) Oracle Database
9 161 (6.66%) Big Data
10 156 (6.45%) DB2
11 153 (6.33%) Hadoop
12 76 (3.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 71 (2.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 63 (2.61%) Redis
15 54 (2.23%) Apache Hive
16 51 (2.11%) Apache Cassandra
17 46 (1.90%) Oracle Database 11g
18 45 (1.86%) SQL Server 2008
19 42 (1.74%) HBase
19 42 (1.74%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 558 (23.08%) Git (software)
2 331 (13.69%) Jenkins
3 273 (11.29%) Subversion
4 257 (10.63%) JUnit
5 236 (9.76%) Maven
6 223 (9.22%) JIRA
7 97 (4.01%) Mockito
8 90 (3.72%) Visual Studio
9 86 (3.56%) Cucumber
10 69 (2.85%) Selenium
11 68 (2.81%) Team Foundation Server
11 68 (2.81%) TeamCity
12 67 (2.77%) Eclipse
13 66 (2.73%) Sonatype Nexus
14 65 (2.69%) Gradle
15 64 (2.65%) NUnit
16 60 (2.48%) Ant
17 56 (2.32%) SonarQube
18 50 (2.07%) Hudson
19 47 (1.94%) Vagrant
General
1 653 (27.01%) Finance
2 344 (14.23%) Banking
3 227 (9.39%) Front Office
4 128 (5.29%) Investment Banking
5 89 (3.68%) Marketing
6 87 (3.60%) Retail
7 83 (3.43%) Telecoms
8 60 (2.48%) Manufacturing
9 54 (2.23%) Games
10 44 (1.82%) Financial Institution
11 36 (1.49%) Electronics
12 21 (0.87%) Legal
12 21 (0.87%) Publishing
13 15 (0.62%) Automotive
14 12 (0.50%) Advertising
14 12 (0.50%) Back Office
15 11 (0.45%) Law
16 10 (0.41%) Local Government
16 10 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
17 8 (0.33%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1425 (58.93%) Developer
2 634 (26.22%) Java Developer
3 248 (10.26%) Analyst
4 233 (9.64%) Senior Developer
5 184 (7.61%) Architect
6 148 (6.12%) Python Developer
7 112 (4.63%) .NET Developer
8 111 (4.59%) Senior Java Developer
9 104 (4.30%) C# Developer
10 91 (3.76%) SQL Developer
11 86 (3.56%) Scala Developer
11 86 (3.56%) Web Developer
12 85 (3.52%) Full Stack Developer
13 84 (3.47%) DevOps Engineer
14 67 (2.77%) Data Analyst
15 57 (2.36%) Front Office Developer
16 56 (2.32%) Django Developer
16 56 (2.32%) Python/Django Developer
17 55 (2.27%) Consultant
18 53 (2.19%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 482 (19.93%) HTML
2 441 (18.24%) Spring
3 416 (17.20%) CSS
4 413 (17.08%) Web Services
5 394 (16.29%) REST
6 341 (14.10%) XML
7 302 (12.49%) .NET
8 300 (12.41%) RESTful
9 240 (9.93%) Hibernate
10 231 (9.55%) JSON
11 228 (9.43%) JMS
12 209 (8.64%) HTML5
13 198 (8.19%) AngularJS
14 171 (7.07%) Java EE
15 169 (6.99%) SOAP
16 148 (6.12%) Ajax
17 147 (6.08%) jQuery
18 135 (5.58%) Django
19 132 (5.46%) Middleware
20 122 (5.05%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 307 (12.70%) Analytical Skills
2 124 (5.13%) Computer Science
3 99 (4.09%) Derivative
4 89 (3.68%) Equities
5 74 (3.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 72 (2.98%) Enterprise Software
7 68 (2.81%) User Experience
8 61 (2.52%) Fixed Income
9 58 (2.40%) Greenfield Project
10 57 (2.36%) Management Information System
11 53 (2.19%) Linux Command Line
12 42 (1.74%) Data Structures
13 39 (1.61%) Algorithms
14 37 (1.53%) Replication
14 37 (1.53%) Virtual Team
15 35 (1.45%) Fintech
16 30 (1.24%) Equity Derivative
17 29 (1.20%) Clustering
18 28 (1.16%) Data Centre
19 27 (1.12%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 717 (29.65%) Linux
2 594 (24.57%) Unix
3 211 (8.73%) Windows
4 126 (5.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 117 (4.84%) Mac OS X
6 62 (2.56%) Solaris
7 47 (1.94%) Windows Server
8 38 (1.57%) VMS
9 32 (1.32%) AIX
10 27 (1.12%) CentOS
11 21 (0.87%) Android
11 21 (0.87%) Apple iOS
12 19 (0.79%) HPUX
13 16 (0.66%) Windows Server 2012
14 12 (0.50%) CoreOS
15 11 (0.45%) Windows Server 2003
16 8 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
17 7 (0.29%) Windows 2000
18 5 (0.21%) Ubuntu
19 4 (0.17%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1132 (46.82%) Agile Software Development
2 453 (18.73%) TDD
3 444 (18.36%) Test Automation
4 429 (17.74%) Continuous Integration
5 381 (15.76%) Scrum
6 348 (14.39%) OO
7 278 (11.50%) DevOps
8 277 (11.46%) Data Modelling
9 275 (11.37%) Web Development
10 262 (10.84%) ETL
10 262 (10.84%) SDLC
11 247 (10.22%) Configuration Management
12 239 (9.88%) Open Source
13 238 (9.84%) MVC
14 234 (9.68%) Microservices
15 195 (8.06%) BDD
16 192 (7.94%) Analytics
17 190 (7.86%) Business Intelligence
18 189 (7.82%) Mentoring
19 165 (6.82%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1191 (49.26%) SQL
2 1149 (47.52%) Java
3 528 (21.84%) JavaScript
4 461 (19.07%) Python
5 336 (13.90%) C#
6 199 (8.23%) Perl
7 182 (7.53%) Scala
8 163 (6.74%) PL/SQL
9 154 (6.37%) Shell Script
10 139 (5.75%) Ruby
11 130 (5.38%) Bash Shell
12 105 (4.34%) T-SQL
13 96 (3.97%) C++
14 61 (2.52%) R
15 58 (2.40%) C
15 58 (2.40%) VBA
16 50 (2.07%) PHP
17 39 (1.61%) JPQL
18 37 (1.53%) PowerShell
19 35 (1.45%) Korn
Qualifications
1 223 (9.22%) Degree
2 220 (9.10%) Security Cleared
3 141 (5.83%) SC Cleared
4 59 (2.44%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (1.32%) BPSS Clearance
6 24 (0.99%) DV Cleared
7 20 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
8 16 (0.66%) CISSP
9 13 (0.54%) CTC Cleared
10 10 (0.41%) AWS Certification
11 9 (0.37%) RHCE
11 9 (0.37%) RHCSA
12 8 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
13 7 (0.29%) MySQL Certification
14 5 (0.21%) BC Cleared
14 5 (0.21%) HND
14 5 (0.21%) ISEB
14 5 (0.21%) Master's Degree
14 5 (0.21%) Siebel Certification
15 4 (0.17%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 117 (4.84%) QA
2 103 (4.26%) Data Quality
3 20 (0.83%) GDPR
4 19 (0.79%) MiFID
5 18 (0.74%) Disclosure Scotland
6 17 (0.70%) PCI DSS
7 13 (0.54%) GCP
8 12 (0.50%) PSD2
9 10 (0.41%) SLA
10 9 (0.37%) Dodd-Frank
10 9 (0.37%) EMIR
11 7 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 4 (0.17%) GAAP
12 4 (0.17%) PMO
13 3 (0.12%) COBIT
13 3 (0.12%) HL7
13 3 (0.12%) Solvency II
14 2 (0.083%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 2 (0.083%) WCAG
15 1 (0.041%) GMP
System Software
1 226 (9.35%) Docker
2 27 (1.12%) Active Directory
3 25 (1.03%) Xen
4 21 (0.87%) HDFS
5 19 (0.79%) Apache Flume
5 19 (0.79%) VMware Infrastructure
6 11 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
7 8 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 8 (0.33%) etcd
8 6 (0.25%) NFS
9 4 (0.17%) LXC
9 4 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.17%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 3 (0.12%) Hyper-V
11 2 (0.083%) Firmware
11 2 (0.083%) Samba
11 2 (0.083%) Virtual Servers
11 2 (0.083%) vSphere
12 1 (0.041%) iptables
12 1 (0.041%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 142 (5.87%) Puppet
2 137 (5.67%) Ansible
3 116 (4.80%) Opscode Chef
4 100 (4.14%) Kubernetes
5 37 (1.53%) Terraform
6 31 (1.28%) Kibana
7 27 (1.12%) Consul
8 25 (1.03%) Mesos
9 22 (0.91%) Oozie
10 19 (0.79%) Data Guard
11 18 (0.74%) Docker Swarm
11 18 (0.74%) HP Quality Center
12 16 (0.66%) logstash
13 14 (0.58%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 13 (0.54%) Rancher
14 13 (0.54%) ZABBIX
15 12 (0.50%) Graphite
15 12 (0.50%) Oracle RMAN
16 11 (0.45%) Ambari
16 11 (0.45%) Packer
Vendors
1 807 (33.37%) Oracle
2 219 (9.06%) Microsoft
3 163 (6.74%) Sybase
4 84 (3.47%) Google
5 82 (3.39%) Red Hat
6 77 (3.18%) SAP
7 62 (2.56%) IBM
8 61 (2.52%) TIBCO
9 43 (1.78%) Informatica
10 39 (1.61%) Perforce
11 38 (1.57%) Tableau
11 38 (1.57%) Teradata
12 37 (1.53%) Atlassian
13 31 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
14 29 (1.20%) Splunk
14 29 (1.20%) WSO2
15 25 (1.03%) Currenex
15 25 (1.03%) HP
15 25 (1.03%) VMware
16 21 (0.87%) Talend