Period
to 18 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 18 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 104 113 121
Rank change year-on-year +9 +8 -21
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2,342 2,128 2,073
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.33% 2.19% 1.93%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.62% 9.71% 8.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,623 1,348 1,365
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £313 £300 £295
90th Percentile £638 £613 £595
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 31 20
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.76% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £23.00 £17.05 £36.25
90th Percentile £47.25 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% +6.67%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 22,055 21,919 24,774
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.99% 22.56% 23.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,343 14,608 16,508
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £310 £288 £275
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 254 320 425
UK median hourly rate £30.95 £28.34 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.21% -5.53% +4.57%
10th Percentile £14.68 £10.45 £12.00
90th Percentile £55.42 £50.16 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £27.50 £29.25
% change year-on-year +27.27% -5.98% +6.36%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +16 2,039 £488 +8.33% 734
London +34 1,179 £540 +8.00% 331
UK excluding London -2 1,130 £425 +3.03% 479
South East +38 355 £475 +11.76% 127
North of England -16 175 £425 - 95
Scotland -26 127 £400 +10.34% 53
Midlands -43 126 £350 -12.50% 57
East of England -18 105 £425 +15.25% 64
South West +20 102 £425 +6.25% 60
North West -10 93 £370 -12.68% 56
Wales -4 90 £400 -15.79% 12
East Midlands -9 75 £315 -23.17% 23
Northern Ireland +9 62 £420 +1.82% 11
Yorkshire -18 59 £425 - 38
West Midlands -40 49 £425 +9.68% 33
North East +28 27 £425 -3.41% 1

For the 6 months to 18 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,162 (49.62%) Java
2 1,114 (47.57%) Agile Software Development
3 1,110 (47.40%) SQL
4 1,021 (43.60%) RDBMS
5 740 (31.60%) Oracle
6 639 (27.28%) Linux
7 572 (24.42%) Git (software)
8 564 (24.08%) Unix
9 563 (24.04%) JavaScript
10 549 (23.44%) SQL Server
11 546 (23.31%) Finance
12 470 (20.07%) TDD
13 466 (19.90%) Test Automation
14 446 (19.04%) Python
15 440 (18.79%) HTML
16 434 (18.53%) Spring
17 418 (17.85%) Continuous Integration
18 401 (17.12%) REST
19 398 (16.99%) Web Services
20 374 (15.97%) OO
21 371 (15.84%) Scrum
22 368 (15.71%) CSS
23 341 (14.56%) Jenkins
24 333 (14.22%) XML
25 318 (13.58%) NoSQL
26 314 (13.41%) Analytical Skills
27 309 (13.19%) .NET
28 306 (13.07%) C#
29 293 (12.51%) MySQL
30 290 (12.38%) RESTful

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 125 (5.34%) Confluence
2 107 (4.57%) Apache Spark
3 84 (3.59%) Apache
4 83 (3.54%) JBoss
5 78 (3.33%) WebLogic
6 74 (3.16%) Tomcat
7 73 (3.12%) WildFly
8 54 (2.31%) WebSphere
9 53 (2.26%) SAS
10 44 (1.88%) Elasticsearch
11 43 (1.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 43 (1.84%) SharePoint
12 34 (1.45%) CMS
13 29 (1.24%) IIS
13 29 (1.24%) Mule
14 23 (0.98%) Cloud Foundry
15 19 (0.81%) nginx
16 16 (0.68%) Apache Solr
17 15 (0.64%) Apache Pig
18 10 (0.43%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 100 (4.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 44 (1.88%) MS Visio
3 31 (1.32%) Microsoft Office
4 25 (1.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.47%) HipChat
6 9 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
7 7 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.085%) Mingle
8 2 (0.085%) SPSS
8 2 (0.085%) Stata
9 1 (0.043%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.043%) Doxygen
9 1 (0.043%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.043%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 14 (0.60%) FastStats
2 13 (0.56%) Magento
3 8 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
4 7 (0.30%) KANA IQ
4 7 (0.30%) NetSuite
4 7 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
4 7 (0.30%) Temenos T24
5 6 (0.26%) Markit EDM
5 6 (0.26%) Oracle 11i
5 6 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 6 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
5 6 (0.26%) Teamcenter
6 5 (0.21%) Eagle PACE
6 5 (0.21%) Infor CRM
6 5 (0.21%) Unit4 Business World
7 4 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
7 4 (0.17%) Oracle iProcurement
8 3 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 267 (11.40%) Amazon AWS
2 150 (6.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 44 (1.88%) GitHub
4 40 (1.71%) PaaS
5 33 (1.41%) AWS CloudFormation
6 29 (1.24%) SaaS
7 28 (1.20%) Google Cloud Platform
7 28 (1.20%) IaaS
8 23 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
9 19 (0.81%) Amazon EC2
10 17 (0.73%) Google Analytics
10 17 (0.73%) npm
11 16 (0.68%) Amazon S3
12 15 (0.64%) OpenShift
13 14 (0.60%) Office 365
14 12 (0.51%) Serverless
15 10 (0.43%) AWS Lambda
16 9 (0.38%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 8 (0.34%) Amazon EMR
18 7 (0.30%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 165 (7.05%) HTTP
2 83 (3.54%) TCP/IP
3 52 (2.22%) Internet
4 43 (1.84%) SSL
5 42 (1.79%) Firewall
6 39 (1.67%) DNS
7 20 (0.85%) FTP
8 17 (0.73%) SAN
9 16 (0.68%) LDAP
10 14 (0.60%) DHCP
11 11 (0.47%) MQTT
12 10 (0.43%) AMQP
12 10 (0.43%) Intranet
12 10 (0.43%) NAS
12 10 (0.43%) SMTP
13 8 (0.34%) LAN
13 8 (0.34%) SMS
13 8 (0.34%) WAN
14 7 (0.30%) IMAP
14 7 (0.30%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,021 (43.60%) RDBMS
2 549 (23.44%) SQL Server
3 318 (13.58%) NoSQL
4 293 (12.51%) MySQL
5 268 (11.44%) PostgreSQL
6 222 (9.48%) MongoDB
7 205 (8.75%) Data Warehouse
8 184 (7.86%) Big Data
9 181 (7.73%) Oracle Database
10 154 (6.58%) Hadoop
11 145 (6.19%) DB2
12 96 (4.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 76 (3.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 71 (3.03%) Redis
15 69 (2.95%) Apache Hive
16 68 (2.90%) SQL Server 2012
17 60 (2.56%) HBase
18 52 (2.22%) Apache Cassandra
19 42 (1.79%) SQL Server 2008
20 38 (1.62%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 572 (24.42%) Git (software)
2 341 (14.56%) Jenkins
3 276 (11.78%) JUnit
4 240 (10.25%) Maven
5 216 (9.22%) Subversion
6 211 (9.01%) JIRA
7 105 (4.48%) Mockito
7 105 (4.48%) SonarQube
8 87 (3.71%) Selenium
9 86 (3.67%) Cucumber
9 86 (3.67%) NUnit
10 84 (3.59%) Gradle
11 74 (3.16%) Visual Studio
12 73 (3.12%) Vagrant
13 67 (2.86%) Checkstyle
14 66 (2.82%) Eclipse
14 66 (2.82%) Team Foundation Server
15 65 (2.78%) Liquibase
16 62 (2.65%) TeamCity
17 56 (2.39%) Ant
General
1 546 (23.31%) Finance
2 283 (12.08%) Banking
3 158 (6.75%) Front Office
4 116 (4.95%) Investment Banking
5 83 (3.54%) Retail
6 69 (2.95%) Marketing
7 60 (2.56%) Games
8 52 (2.22%) Telecoms
9 39 (1.67%) Manufacturing
10 38 (1.62%) Publishing
11 29 (1.24%) Legal
12 18 (0.77%) Automotive
13 17 (0.73%) Electronics
13 17 (0.73%) Financial Institution
14 13 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
15 12 (0.51%) Advertising
15 12 (0.51%) Law
15 12 (0.51%) Retail Banking
16 8 (0.34%) Back Office
16 8 (0.34%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,375 (58.71%) Developer
2 588 (25.11%) Java Developer
3 245 (10.46%) Senior Developer
4 198 (8.45%) Analyst
5 181 (7.73%) Architect
6 133 (5.68%) Full Stack Developer
7 128 (5.47%) Python Developer
8 122 (5.21%) .NET Developer
9 121 (5.17%) C# Developer
10 110 (4.70%) Senior Java Developer
11 106 (4.53%) SQL Developer
12 101 (4.31%) DevOps Engineer
13 65 (2.78%) DBA
14 61 (2.60%) Administrator
15 57 (2.43%) Data Analyst
16 55 (2.35%) Data Engineer
17 54 (2.31%) Data Architect
17 54 (2.31%) Solutions Architect
18 52 (2.22%) Web Developer
19 50 (2.13%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 440 (18.79%) HTML
2 434 (18.53%) Spring
3 401 (17.12%) REST
4 398 (16.99%) Web Services
5 368 (15.71%) CSS
6 333 (14.22%) XML
7 309 (13.19%) .NET
8 290 (12.38%) RESTful
9 280 (11.96%) Hibernate
10 248 (10.59%) JSON
11 224 (9.56%) JMS
12 218 (9.31%) AngularJS
13 186 (7.94%) jQuery
14 174 (7.43%) Java EE
15 166 (7.09%) HTML5
16 164 (7.00%) SOAP
17 122 (5.21%) .NET Framework
18 121 (5.17%) Ajax
18 121 (5.17%) J2EE
19 114 (4.87%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 314 (13.41%) Analytical Skills
2 104 (4.44%) Computer Science
3 90 (3.84%) Equities
4 82 (3.50%) Derivative
5 72 (3.07%) Greenfield Project
6 68 (2.90%) Linux Command Line
7 65 (2.78%) User Experience
8 62 (2.65%) Enterprise Software
9 61 (2.60%) Management Information System
10 54 (2.31%) Data Structures
11 50 (2.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 50 (2.13%) Replication
12 48 (2.05%) Clustering
13 40 (1.71%) Fintech
14 37 (1.58%) Fixed Income
15 31 (1.32%) Data Centre
16 28 (1.20%) Equity Derivative
16 28 (1.20%) Mobile App
17 27 (1.15%) Virtual Team
18 24 (1.02%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 639 (27.28%) Linux
2 564 (24.08%) Unix
3 152 (6.49%) Windows
4 101 (4.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 98 (4.18%) Mac OS X
6 62 (2.65%) VMS
7 42 (1.79%) Solaris
8 40 (1.71%) Windows Server
9 24 (1.02%) AIX
10 21 (0.90%) CentOS
11 14 (0.60%) HPUX
12 13 (0.56%) Android
12 13 (0.56%) Apple iOS
13 12 (0.51%) Windows Server 2003
14 10 (0.43%) CoreOS
15 9 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
16 7 (0.30%) Windows 2000
17 5 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
18 4 (0.17%) SUSE
19 3 (0.13%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,114 (47.57%) Agile Software Development
2 470 (20.07%) TDD
3 466 (19.90%) Test Automation
4 418 (17.85%) Continuous Integration
5 374 (15.97%) OO
6 371 (15.84%) Scrum
7 289 (12.34%) Microservices
8 286 (12.21%) SDLC
9 275 (11.74%) DevOps
10 262 (11.19%) Data Modelling
11 257 (10.97%) MVC
12 221 (9.44%) ETL
12 221 (9.44%) Open Source
13 214 (9.14%) BDD
14 202 (8.63%) Analytics
15 199 (8.50%) Web Development
16 191 (8.16%) Mentoring
17 190 (8.11%) Business Intelligence
18 177 (7.56%) Software Engineering
19 172 (7.34%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 1,162 (49.62%) Java
2 1,110 (47.40%) SQL
3 563 (24.04%) JavaScript
4 446 (19.04%) Python
5 306 (13.07%) C#
6 166 (7.09%) Scala
7 164 (7.00%) Perl
8 139 (5.94%) PL/SQL
9 133 (5.68%) Shell Script
10 130 (5.55%) Bash Shell
11 127 (5.42%) Ruby
12 107 (4.57%) T-SQL
13 71 (3.03%) C++
14 63 (2.69%) JPQL
14 63 (2.69%) R
15 56 (2.39%) C
16 55 (2.35%) PHP
17 54 (2.31%) VBA
18 45 (1.92%) PowerShell
19 43 (1.84%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 228 (9.74%) Degree
2 225 (9.61%) Security Cleared
3 123 (5.25%) SC Cleared
4 59 (2.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 39 (1.67%) BPSS Clearance
6 31 (1.32%) DV Cleared
7 29 (1.24%) Numerate Degree
8 16 (0.68%) Master's Degree
9 12 (0.51%) CTC Cleared
10 9 (0.38%) AWS Certification
10 9 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.30%) CISSP
11 7 (0.30%) MySQL Certification
11 7 (0.30%) RHCE
12 5 (0.21%) HND
13 3 (0.13%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 3 (0.13%) RHCSA
14 2 (0.085%) BC Cleared
14 2 (0.085%) ISTQB
14 2 (0.085%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 142 (6.06%) QA
2 95 (4.06%) Data Quality
3 21 (0.90%) GDPR
4 17 (0.73%) PCI DSS
5 16 (0.68%) Disclosure Scotland
5 16 (0.68%) SLA
6 13 (0.56%) GCP
7 11 (0.47%) MiFID
8 9 (0.38%) PSD2
9 7 (0.30%) Dodd-Frank
9 7 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 5 (0.21%) EMIR
11 3 (0.13%) COBIT
12 2 (0.085%) Basel III
12 2 (0.085%) ISO 9001
12 2 (0.085%) PMO
12 2 (0.085%) Solvency II
12 2 (0.085%) WCAG
13 1 (0.043%) FATCA
13 1 (0.043%) SAS 70
System Software
1 220 (9.39%) Docker
2 33 (1.41%) Apache Flume
3 32 (1.37%) HDFS
3 32 (1.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (0.94%) Oracle RAC
5 20 (0.85%) Active Directory
6 18 (0.77%) Xen
7 16 (0.68%) Oracle Clusterware
8 11 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
9 10 (0.43%) Virtual Servers
10 8 (0.34%) etcd
11 7 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.30%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 6 (0.26%) Hyper-V
13 5 (0.21%) Firmware
13 5 (0.21%) vSphere
14 4 (0.17%) LXC
14 4 (0.17%) Veritas Volume Manager
15 2 (0.085%) NFS
15 2 (0.085%) Samba
Systems Management
1 145 (6.19%) Ansible
2 144 (6.15%) Puppet
3 123 (5.25%) Opscode Chef
4 90 (3.84%) Kubernetes
5 34 (1.45%) Oozie
6 33 (1.41%) Data Guard
6 33 (1.41%) Terraform
7 30 (1.28%) Kibana
8 26 (1.11%) Consul
9 21 (0.90%) Mesos
9 21 (0.90%) Oracle RMAN
10 20 (0.85%) logstash
11 18 (0.77%) HP Quality Center
11 18 (0.77%) Oracle Flashback
11 18 (0.77%) ZABBIX
12 16 (0.68%) Ambari
13 15 (0.64%) Packer
14 13 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
14 13 (0.56%) ITRS Geneos
15 12 (0.51%) StatsD
Vendors
1 740 (31.60%) Oracle
2 245 (10.46%) Microsoft
3 107 (4.57%) Sybase
4 76 (3.25%) IBM
5 68 (2.90%) Red Hat
6 61 (2.60%) Google
7 56 (2.39%) SAP
7 56 (2.39%) Tableau
8 55 (2.35%) Splunk
9 43 (1.84%) Informatica
9 43 (1.84%) VMware
10 41 (1.75%) Teradata
11 39 (1.67%) TIBCO
12 32 (1.37%) Perforce
13 28 (1.20%) MuleSoft
14 27 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
15 24 (1.02%) Atlassian
16 23 (0.98%) hybris
17 22 (0.94%) Hortonworks
18 20 (0.85%) Cloudera