Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 29 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
29 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 148 153 133
Rank change year-on-year +5 -20 0
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,555 1,147 784
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.76% 1.77% 1.91%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.05% 8.31% 8.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,050 745 534
10th Percentile £406 £363 £356
25th Percentile £485 £431 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £528 £500
Median % change year-on-year +8.90% +5.60% -
75th Percentile £675 £638 £575
90th Percentile £800 £713 £668
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +8.11% +2.78% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 33 12
10th Percentile £19.35 £23.75 £16.34
25th Percentile £25.73 £27.00 £19.83
Median hourly rate £50.00 £55.00 £20.79
Median % change year-on-year -9.09% +164.61% -53.36%
75th Percentile £63.63 £65.54 £23.18
90th Percentile £65.54 £72.42 £55.02
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £55.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year -9.09% +129.19% -42.86%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 17,177 13,797 9,184
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.45% 21.31% 22.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,231 9,439 6,408
10th Percentile £380 £331 £325
25th Percentile £450 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £588
90th Percentile £750 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +4.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 182 210 124
10th Percentile £14.31 £11.82 £13.86
25th Percentile £21.19 £19.00 £18.44
Median hourly rate £40.15 £26.00 £24.86
Median % change year-on-year +54.42% +4.61% -18.51%
75th Percentile £63.00 £43.69 £43.94
90th Percentile £75.00 £58.23 £61.18
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £24.57 £23.76
% change year-on-year +42.45% +3.41% -20.80%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 29 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -10 1,225 £575 +4.55% 328
London -9 796 £635 +10.43% 158
Work from Home +5 757 £550 +8.32% 155
UK excluding London -7 441 £500 +8.11% 197
South East -45 102 £480 -8.57% 38
North of England +4 99 £550 +25.28% 52
Midlands +4 86 £500 +14.94% 30
Scotland +2 83 £470 +10.59% 22
North West -4 66 £550 +29.41% 28
West Midlands -24 51 £500 +10.19% 18
East Midlands +8 35 £500 +42.86% 12
Yorkshire -13 32 £573 +21.81% 18
East of England -17 31 £471 +23.04% 22
South West -21 28 £475 +8.57% 28
Wales -13 12 £600 +26.32% 2
North East -6 7 £645 +21.70% 6
Northern Ireland +5 5 £475 +4.86% 3

For the 6 months to 29 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 731 (47.01%) SQL
2 608 (39.10%) Agile
3 501 (32.22%) Oracle
4 489 (31.45%) Java
5 470 (30.23%) RDBMS
6 424 (27.27%) Social Skills
7 414 (26.62%) AWS
8 394 (25.34%) Finance
9 377 (24.24%) Python
10 360 (23.15%) SQL Server
11 352 (22.64%) DevOps
12 328 (21.09%) JavaScript
13 298 (19.16%) MySQL
14 297 (19.10%) Azure
15 288 (18.52%) Microservices
16 272 (17.49%) Git (software)
17 257 (16.53%) NoSQL
18 256 (16.46%) Banking
19 252 (16.21%) Microsoft
20 249 (16.01%) Linux
21 243 (15.63%) TDD
22 241 (15.50%) Problem-Solving
23 238 (15.31%) C#
24 237 (15.24%) CI/CD
25 235 (15.11%) Spring
26 222 (14.28%) PostgreSQL
26 222 (14.28%) HTML
27 216 (13.89%) REST
28 214 (13.76%) Continuous Integration
29 213 (13.70%) Scrum

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (4.89%) Apache Spark
2 54 (3.47%) Confluence
3 40 (2.57%) Apache
4 36 (2.32%) Red Hat Fuse
5 35 (2.25%) Mule
6 26 (1.67%) JBoss
7 23 (1.48%) Oracle Coherence
7 23 (1.48%) Tomcat
7 23 (1.48%) WebLogic
8 17 (1.09%) SharePoint
8 17 (1.09%) WebSphere
9 15 (0.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 13 (0.84%) nginx
11 12 (0.77%) CMS
12 8 (0.51%) Jupyter
12 8 (0.51%) SAS
13 7 (0.45%) Apache Airflow
13 7 (0.45%) BizTalk Server
13 7 (0.45%) Oracle Workflow
13 7 (0.45%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 48 (3.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 31 (1.99%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.96%) MS Visio
4 12 (0.77%) Spreadsheet
5 9 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.32%) Simulink
7 3 (0.19%) CATIA
7 3 (0.19%) SPSS
8 2 (0.13%) InfoPath
8 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.064%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.064%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.064%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.064%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.064%) EPLAN
9 1 (0.064%) MicroStation
Business Applications
1 17 (1.09%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 13 (0.84%) Oracle EBS
3 11 (0.71%) Oracle Financials
3 11 (0.71%) Oracle Utilities
4 9 (0.58%) Oracle Applications
5 8 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
6 7 (0.45%) SunGard Martini
7 6 (0.39%) Magento
7 6 (0.39%) Payment Gateway
8 5 (0.32%) MoSes
8 5 (0.32%) Oracle BPM
9 3 (0.19%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 3 (0.19%) Maximo
9 3 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
9 3 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
9 3 (0.19%) Oracle FAH
9 3 (0.19%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 3 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.19%) SAP FI
9 3 (0.19%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 414 (26.62%) AWS
2 297 (19.10%) Azure
3 130 (8.36%) GCP
4 111 (7.14%) Serverless
5 95 (6.11%) GitHub
6 87 (5.59%) Power Platform
7 75 (4.82%) AWS Lambda
8 66 (4.24%) Amazon S3
9 56 (3.60%) Azure DevOps
10 43 (2.77%) SaaS
11 40 (2.57%) Amazon EC2
12 38 (2.44%) PaaS
12 38 (2.44%) Snowflake
13 36 (2.32%) Azure Data Factory
14 33 (2.12%) AWS CloudFormation
15 32 (2.06%) Amazon SQS
16 28 (1.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 26 (1.67%) AWS Direct Connect
17 26 (1.67%) Azure AKS
17 26 (1.67%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 40 (2.57%) TCP/IP
2 30 (1.93%) HTTP
2 30 (1.93%) VPN
3 25 (1.61%) Network Security
4 24 (1.54%) RTMP
5 23 (1.48%) Internet
6 18 (1.16%) DSL
7 17 (1.09%) SMTP
8 16 (1.03%) DNS
9 14 (0.90%) POP3
10 12 (0.77%) Firewall
11 11 (0.71%) SSL
12 10 (0.64%) LAN
13 8 (0.51%) Multicast
14 7 (0.45%) Radio Access Network
15 6 (0.39%) FTP
15 6 (0.39%) WAN
16 5 (0.32%) 4G
16 5 (0.32%) 5G
17 4 (0.26%) 3GPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 470 (30.23%) RDBMS
2 360 (23.15%) SQL Server
3 298 (19.16%) MySQL
4 257 (16.53%) NoSQL
5 222 (14.28%) PostgreSQL
6 186 (11.96%) Data Warehouse
7 169 (10.87%) Oracle Database
8 126 (8.10%) MongoDB
9 108 (6.95%) Big Data
10 102 (6.56%) Data Lake
11 97 (6.24%) Oracle Database 12c
12 83 (5.34%) Power BI
13 70 (4.50%) DB2
14 65 (4.18%) Oracle Database 11g
15 62 (3.99%) Elasticsearch
16 61 (3.92%) Redis
17 56 (3.60%) DynamoDB
18 52 (3.34%) Hadoop
18 52 (3.34%) Metadata
19 51 (3.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 272 (17.49%) Git (software)
2 201 (12.93%) Jenkins
3 171 (11.00%) JIRA
4 90 (5.79%) Visual Studio
5 77 (4.95%) TeamCity
6 75 (4.82%) JUnit
7 65 (4.18%) GitLab
8 62 (3.99%) Bitbucket
9 55 (3.54%) Maven
10 54 (3.47%) Subversion
11 52 (3.34%) Gradle
12 44 (2.83%) Cypress.io
13 37 (2.38%) Selenium
14 33 (2.12%) SonarQube
15 32 (2.06%) ERwin
16 26 (1.67%) Cucumber
16 26 (1.67%) IntelliJ
17 24 (1.54%) Mockito
18 23 (1.48%) NUnit
19 22 (1.41%) Artifactory
General
1 424 (27.27%) Social Skills
2 394 (25.34%) Finance
3 256 (16.46%) Banking
4 178 (11.45%) Analytical Skills
5 157 (10.10%) Public Sector
6 155 (9.97%) Investment Banking
7 118 (7.59%) Front Office
8 31 (1.99%) Legal
9 30 (1.93%) Police
9 30 (1.93%) Presentation Skills
10 28 (1.80%) Back Office
11 27 (1.74%) Telecoms
12 24 (1.54%) Retail
13 21 (1.35%) Financial Institution
13 21 (1.35%) Organisational Skills
14 19 (1.22%) Military
15 17 (1.09%) Law
15 17 (1.09%) Marketing
16 15 (0.96%) Influencing Skills
17 12 (0.77%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 706 (45.40%) Developer
2 225 (14.47%) Java Developer
3 142 (9.13%) Architect
4 129 (8.30%) Analyst
5 104 (6.69%) Data Engineer
6 99 (6.37%) Senior Developer
7 87 (5.59%) DBA
8 72 (4.63%) Full Stack Developer
9 59 (3.79%) React Developer
10 56 (3.60%) C# Developer
11 50 (3.22%) Data Architect
11 50 (3.22%) Python Developer
12 49 (3.15%) Business Analyst
13 48 (3.09%) Senior Java Developer
14 46 (2.96%) Administrator
14 46 (2.96%) AWS Engineer
14 46 (2.96%) Software Engineer
15 45 (2.89%) Data Analyst
15 45 (2.89%) Integration Developer
16 43 (2.77%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 235 (15.11%) Spring
2 222 (14.28%) HTML
3 216 (13.89%) REST
4 202 (12.99%) CSS
5 175 (11.25%) .NET
6 174 (11.19%) React
7 163 (10.48%) Web Services
8 162 (10.42%) JSON
9 156 (10.03%) XML
10 137 (8.81%) AngularJS
11 132 (8.49%) Kafka
12 110 (7.07%) Spring Boot
13 100 (6.43%) J2EE
14 99 (6.37%) Node.js
15 94 (6.05%) RESTful
16 76 (4.89%) .NET Framework
17 75 (4.82%) Redux
18 74 (4.76%) SOAP
19 71 (4.57%) HTML5
19 71 (4.57%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 91 (5.85%) Public Cloud
1 91 (5.85%) User Experience
2 57 (3.67%) Data Structures
3 51 (3.28%) Enterprise Software
4 46 (2.96%) Management Information System
5 39 (2.51%) Cloud Native
6 36 (2.32%) Clustering
6 36 (2.32%) Self-Motivation
7 34 (2.19%) Greenfield Project
8 33 (2.12%) Reference Data
9 32 (2.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 29 (1.86%) Algorithms
10 29 (1.86%) Data Centre
10 29 (1.86%) Virtual Team
11 24 (1.54%) Legacy Systems
11 24 (1.54%) Linux Command Line
12 22 (1.41%) CMDB
12 22 (1.41%) Fixed Income
12 22 (1.41%) Hedge funds
13 18 (1.16%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 249 (16.01%) Linux
2 189 (12.15%) Unix
3 131 (8.42%) Windows
4 26 (1.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 12 (0.77%) Windows Server
6 7 (0.45%) Mac OS X
6 7 (0.45%) Solaris
7 6 (0.39%) AIX
8 5 (0.32%) Windows Server 2016
9 4 (0.26%) CentOS
9 4 (0.26%) HPUX
10 3 (0.19%) Android
10 3 (0.19%) Apple iOS
10 3 (0.19%) MVS
10 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
11 2 (0.13%) zOS
12 1 (0.064%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.064%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.064%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.064%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 608 (39.10%) Agile
2 352 (22.64%) DevOps
3 288 (18.52%) Microservices
4 243 (15.63%) TDD
5 241 (15.50%) Problem-Solving
6 237 (15.24%) CI/CD
7 214 (13.76%) Continuous Integration
8 213 (13.70%) Scrum
9 197 (12.67%) ETL
10 185 (11.90%) Test Automation
11 181 (11.64%) Analytics
12 166 (10.68%) Data Modelling
13 161 (10.35%) Business Intelligence
14 157 (10.10%) SDLC
15 153 (9.84%) Full Stack Development
16 148 (9.52%) Software Engineering
17 144 (9.26%) OO
18 137 (8.81%) Migration
19 109 (7.01%) BDD
20 105 (6.75%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 731 (47.01%) SQL
2 489 (31.45%) Java
3 377 (24.24%) Python
4 328 (21.09%) JavaScript
5 238 (15.31%) C#
6 136 (8.75%) TypeScript
7 115 (7.40%) PL/SQL
8 97 (6.24%) C++
9 81 (5.21%) PowerShell
10 69 (4.44%) Shell Script
11 61 (3.92%) Scala
12 59 (3.79%) Perl
13 52 (3.34%) Go
14 51 (3.28%) T-SQL
15 47 (3.02%) Ruby
16 41 (2.64%) R
17 34 (2.19%) Bash
17 34 (2.19%) C
17 34 (2.19%) Groovy
17 34 (2.19%) PHP
Qualifications
1 187 (12.03%) Security Cleared
2 152 (9.77%) SC Cleared
3 115 (7.40%) Degree
4 32 (2.06%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (1.48%) DV Cleared
6 22 (1.41%) Numerate Degree
7 21 (1.35%) BPSS Clearance
8 15 (0.96%) AWS Certification
9 14 (0.90%) Oracle Certification
10 10 (0.64%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 10 (0.64%) OCA
10 10 (0.64%) OCP
11 9 (0.58%) CTC Cleared
12 5 (0.32%) ISTQB
12 5 (0.32%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.32%) PhD
12 5 (0.32%) PMP
13 3 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.19%) Tableau Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (5.08%) QA
2 55 (3.54%) Data Quality
3 43 (2.77%) GDPR
4 35 (2.25%) Accessibility
5 13 (0.84%) SLA
6 10 (0.64%) WCAG
7 8 (0.51%) Disclosure Scotland
8 7 (0.45%) MiFID
9 5 (0.32%) Basel III
9 5 (0.32%) CRD IV
10 4 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 3 (0.19%) Actionable Recommendations
11 3 (0.19%) COREP
11 3 (0.19%) EMIR
11 3 (0.19%) FINREP
11 3 (0.19%) IFRS
11 3 (0.19%) IFRS 9
12 2 (0.13%) DICOM
12 2 (0.13%) HL7
12 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 161 (10.35%) Docker
2 28 (1.80%) Oracle RAC
3 26 (1.67%) Active Directory
4 15 (0.96%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.77%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (0.71%) HDFS
7 4 (0.26%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 4 (0.26%) Hyper-V
7 4 (0.26%) Oracle Clusterware
8 3 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 2 (0.13%) Postfix
9 2 (0.13%) Time Sharing Option
9 2 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.064%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.064%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 159 (10.23%) Kubernetes
2 104 (6.69%) Ansible
3 97 (6.24%) Terraform
4 35 (2.25%) Puppet
5 33 (2.12%) Data Guard
6 29 (1.86%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 28 (1.80%) ITRS Geneos
8 25 (1.61%) Prometheus
9 23 (1.48%) Istio
9 23 (1.48%) Opscode Chef
9 23 (1.48%) Single Sign-On
10 21 (1.35%) Kibana
11 18 (1.16%) Grafana
11 18 (1.16%) Oracle RMAN
12 13 (0.84%) BladeLogic
13 8 (0.51%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
14 7 (0.45%) Opsgenie
14 7 (0.45%) Packer
15 6 (0.39%) Oozie
15 6 (0.39%) Oracle Flashback
Vendors
1 501 (32.22%) Oracle
2 252 (16.21%) Microsoft
3 80 (5.14%) IBM
4 63 (4.05%) Google
5 44 (2.83%) Sybase
6 40 (2.57%) Databricks
7 38 (2.44%) ServiceNow
8 36 (2.32%) SAP
9 26 (1.67%) Teradata
10 24 (1.54%) Informatica
11 21 (1.35%) MuleSoft
11 21 (1.35%) VMware
12 18 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
12 18 (1.16%) Sparx
13 17 (1.09%) Splunk
14 14 (0.90%) TIBCO
15 13 (0.84%) Mercator
15 13 (0.84%) Red Hat
16 12 (0.77%) Cloudera
16 12 (0.77%) New Relic