Period
to 22 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 22 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
22 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 97 94 119
Rank change year-on-year -3 +25 -21
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2,515 2,244 2,161
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.49% 2.44% 2.03%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 11.13% 10.84% 9.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,733 1,414 1,451
UK median daily rate £488 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.33% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £325 £305 £300
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £436 £411 £400
% change year-on-year +6.07% +2.82% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 25 18
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £32.50 £40.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +24.62% -20.25% +0.37%
10th Percentile £29.60 £10.70 £17.10
90th Percentile £72.55 £52.37 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £35.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +15.71% -12.50% -1.48%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 22,591 20,698 23,830
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.34% 22.50% 22.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,670 13,835 16,019
UK median daily rate £470 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.43% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £311 £293 £280
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £390 £375
% change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% +1.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 243 263 394
UK median hourly rate £34.00 £29.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.24% +16.00% -16.67%
10th Percentile £14.63 £9.60 £12.00
90th Percentile £54.75 £49.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £25.39 £24.50
% change year-on-year +47.70% +3.63% -15.06%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 22 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 22 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 22 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 2,218 £500 +11.11% 685
UK excluding London -10 1,245 £436 +6.07% 467
London +13 1,244 £544 +8.75% 276
South East 0 449 £488 +9.06% 122
North of England -40 202 £400 -2.44% 123
Scotland -18 154 £400 +3.90% 36
Midlands -17 137 £410 +9.33% 58
North West +5 103 £364 -6.13% 59
South West +17 95 £425 +6.25% 50
East of England -33 87 £425 -4.92% 56
Wales +3 85 £395 -13.19% 10
West Midlands +12 81 £425 +6.25% 32
Yorkshire -41 79 £425 +3.66% 55
East Midlands -27 54 £333 -1.48% 26
Northern Ireland 0 41 £445 +8.54% 11
North East -1 21 £475 +6.74% 9

For the 6 months to 22 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,159 (46.08%) Agile Software Development
2 1,135 (45.13%) Java
3 1,134 (45.09%) SQL
4 914 (36.34%) RDBMS
5 797 (31.69%) Oracle
6 708 (28.15%) Linux
7 649 (25.81%) Git (software)
8 640 (25.45%) JavaScript
9 608 (24.17%) SQL Server
10 587 (23.34%) Unix
11 524 (20.83%) Finance
12 518 (20.60%) REST
13 514 (20.44%) HTML
14 512 (20.36%) TDD
15 511 (20.32%) Python
16 500 (19.88%) Test Automation
17 488 (19.40%) Continuous Integration
18 471 (18.73%) Web Services
19 436 (17.34%) Jenkins
20 434 (17.26%) OO
21 428 (17.02%) Scrum
22 425 (16.90%) Spring
23 401 (15.94%) CSS
24 377 (14.99%) Problem-Solving
25 360 (14.31%) XML
26 357 (14.19%) NoSQL
27 341 (13.56%) Analytical Skills
28 338 (13.44%) Amazon AWS
28 338 (13.44%) MySQL
29 326 (12.96%) DevOps

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 135 (5.37%) Apache
2 133 (5.29%) Apache Spark
3 124 (4.93%) Confluence
4 70 (2.78%) JBoss
5 68 (2.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 67 (2.66%) WebSphere
7 63 (2.50%) Elasticsearch
8 53 (2.11%) Tomcat
9 52 (2.07%) SharePoint
10 48 (1.91%) Mule
10 48 (1.91%) SAS
10 48 (1.91%) WebLogic
11 44 (1.75%) WildFly
12 31 (1.23%) CMS
13 25 (0.99%) IIS
14 23 (0.91%) Apache Pig
15 22 (0.87%) BizTalk Server
16 21 (0.83%) Cloud Foundry
17 16 (0.64%) Commerce Server
18 15 (0.60%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 104 (4.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (1.59%) MS Visio
3 25 (0.99%) Microsoft Office
4 22 (0.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
6 10 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.24%) HipChat
8 5 (0.20%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.080%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.040%) Shockwave
10 1 (0.040%) SPSS
10 1 (0.040%) Stata
Business Applications
1 21 (0.83%) Magento
2 11 (0.44%) SimCorp Dimension
3 10 (0.40%) NetSuite
4 7 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.24%) Infor CRM
5 6 (0.24%) thinkFolio
5 6 (0.24%) Unit4 Business World
6 5 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
6 5 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 5 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.20%) SAP R/3
6 5 (0.20%) SunGard Martini
7 4 (0.16%) ION MarketView
7 4 (0.16%) Markit EDM
7 4 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.16%) SAP SD
8 3 (0.12%) Eloqua
8 3 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.080%) Demantra
9 2 (0.080%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 338 (13.44%) Amazon AWS
2 215 (8.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 53 (2.11%) GitHub
4 33 (1.31%) PaaS
5 29 (1.15%) OpenShift
6 27 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
7 26 (1.03%) AWS CloudFormation
8 24 (0.95%) npm
9 23 (0.91%) IaaS
10 22 (0.87%) Google Cloud Platform
10 22 (0.87%) SaaS
11 20 (0.80%) Office 365
12 19 (0.76%) Amazon S3
13 17 (0.68%) Azure Data Factory
14 13 (0.52%) Amazon Kinesis
15 12 (0.48%) Serverless
16 11 (0.44%) Force.com
17 9 (0.36%) Amazon EC2
17 9 (0.36%) Amazon SQS
17 9 (0.36%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 218 (8.67%) HTTP
2 96 (3.82%) TCP/IP
3 60 (2.39%) SSL
4 48 (1.91%) FTP
5 45 (1.79%) DNS
6 39 (1.55%) Internet
7 30 (1.19%) DHCP
8 28 (1.11%) IPsec
9 21 (0.83%) Firewall
10 16 (0.64%) SMS
11 12 (0.48%) AMQP
11 12 (0.48%) SAN
11 12 (0.48%) SMTP
12 11 (0.44%) Intranet
12 11 (0.44%) MQTT
13 10 (0.40%) Kerberos
14 8 (0.32%) LAN
14 8 (0.32%) WAN
15 7 (0.28%) IMAP
15 7 (0.28%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 914 (36.34%) RDBMS
2 608 (24.17%) SQL Server
3 357 (14.19%) NoSQL
4 338 (13.44%) MySQL
5 272 (10.82%) PostgreSQL
6 255 (10.14%) Data Warehouse
7 254 (10.10%) Big Data
8 245 (9.74%) MongoDB
9 190 (7.55%) Hadoop
10 189 (7.51%) Oracle Database
11 105 (4.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 102 (4.06%) DB2
13 101 (4.02%) Redis
14 68 (2.70%) SQL Server 2012
14 68 (2.70%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 66 (2.62%) Apache Hive
15 66 (2.62%) HBase
16 65 (2.58%) Apache Cassandra
17 53 (2.11%) Power BI
18 48 (1.91%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 649 (25.81%) Git (software)
2 436 (17.34%) Jenkins
3 239 (9.50%) JUnit
4 228 (9.07%) Maven
5 210 (8.35%) Subversion
6 201 (7.99%) JIRA
7 118 (4.69%) Mockito
8 102 (4.06%) SonarQube
9 100 (3.98%) NUnit
10 94 (3.74%) Gradle
11 88 (3.50%) Cucumber
11 88 (3.50%) Team Foundation Server
11 88 (3.50%) Visual Studio
12 84 (3.34%) Selenium
13 61 (2.43%) TeamCity
14 59 (2.35%) Eclipse
15 57 (2.27%) Checkstyle
16 53 (2.11%) Liquibase
17 52 (2.07%) Ant
18 50 (1.99%) Vagrant
General
1 524 (20.83%) Finance
2 287 (11.41%) Banking
3 131 (5.21%) Investment Banking
4 120 (4.77%) Front Office
5 87 (3.46%) Retail
6 51 (2.03%) Marketing
7 44 (1.75%) Games
8 39 (1.55%) Telecoms
9 26 (1.03%) Manufacturing
10 25 (0.99%) Publishing
11 22 (0.87%) Financial Institution
12 20 (0.80%) Back Office
12 20 (0.80%) Legal
13 18 (0.72%) Automotive
14 15 (0.60%) Advertising
15 14 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
16 12 (0.48%) Retail Banking
17 10 (0.40%) Electronics
18 8 (0.32%) Billing
18 8 (0.32%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,471 (58.49%) Developer
2 516 (20.52%) Java Developer
3 233 (9.26%) Senior Developer
4 220 (8.75%) Analyst
5 198 (7.87%) Architect
6 165 (6.56%) Python Developer
7 150 (5.96%) .NET Developer
8 123 (4.89%) Full Stack Developer
9 117 (4.65%) Senior Java Developer
10 114 (4.53%) SQL Developer
11 110 (4.37%) DevOps Engineer
12 103 (4.10%) C# Developer
13 86 (3.42%) Data Engineer
14 83 (3.30%) Software Engineer
15 80 (3.18%) Django Developer
15 80 (3.18%) Python/Django Developer
16 74 (2.94%) DBA
17 68 (2.70%) Oracle Developer
18 61 (2.43%) Solutions Architect
19 59 (2.35%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 518 (20.60%) REST
2 514 (20.44%) HTML
3 471 (18.73%) Web Services
4 425 (16.90%) Spring
5 401 (15.94%) CSS
6 360 (14.31%) XML
7 325 (12.92%) .NET
8 315 (12.52%) JSON
9 303 (12.05%) RESTful
10 256 (10.18%) Hibernate
11 217 (8.63%) AngularJS
12 199 (7.91%) SOAP
13 182 (7.24%) jQuery
14 181 (7.20%) JMS
15 155 (6.16%) Java EE
16 146 (5.81%) HTML5
17 142 (5.65%) J2EE
18 139 (5.53%) .NET Framework
19 126 (5.01%) Django
20 115 (4.57%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 341 (13.56%) Analytical Skills
2 102 (4.06%) Computer Science
3 94 (3.74%) Greenfield Project
4 82 (3.26%) Enterprise Software
5 70 (2.78%) User Experience
6 67 (2.66%) Linux Command Line
7 64 (2.54%) Management Information System
8 62 (2.47%) Equities
9 60 (2.39%) Data Structures
10 58 (2.31%) Derivative
11 56 (2.23%) Self-Motivation
12 53 (2.11%) Clustering
13 48 (1.91%) Fintech
14 46 (1.83%) Algorithms
14 46 (1.83%) Replication
15 42 (1.67%) Fixed Income
16 37 (1.47%) Data Centre
17 26 (1.03%) Equity Derivative
18 25 (0.99%) Fat Client
18 25 (0.99%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 708 (28.15%) Linux
2 587 (23.34%) Unix
3 165 (6.56%) Windows
4 74 (2.94%) Mac OS X
5 60 (2.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 38 (1.51%) VMS
7 34 (1.35%) Windows Server
8 29 (1.15%) AIX
9 23 (0.91%) Android
10 22 (0.87%) Apple iOS
11 18 (0.72%) Solaris
12 12 (0.48%) Ubuntu
13 10 (0.40%) CentOS
14 9 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
15 8 (0.32%) Windows 7
16 7 (0.28%) HPUX
16 7 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
17 5 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
18 2 (0.080%) SUSE
18 2 (0.080%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,159 (46.08%) Agile Software Development
2 512 (20.36%) TDD
3 500 (19.88%) Test Automation
4 488 (19.40%) Continuous Integration
5 434 (17.26%) OO
6 428 (17.02%) Scrum
7 377 (14.99%) Problem-Solving
8 326 (12.96%) DevOps
9 318 (12.64%) Microservices
10 304 (12.09%) SDLC
11 295 (11.73%) MVC
12 260 (10.34%) BDD
13 251 (9.98%) Data Modelling
14 246 (9.78%) Web Development
15 245 (9.74%) ETL
16 241 (9.58%) Open Source
17 231 (9.18%) Business Intelligence
18 213 (8.47%) Software Engineering
19 211 (8.39%) Analytics
20 188 (7.48%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,135 (45.13%) Java
2 1,134 (45.09%) SQL
3 640 (25.45%) JavaScript
4 511 (20.32%) Python
5 316 (12.56%) C#
6 207 (8.23%) Java 8
7 191 (7.59%) Scala
8 138 (5.49%) Shell Script
9 127 (5.05%) Ruby
10 125 (4.97%) PHP
11 122 (4.85%) PL/SQL
12 117 (4.65%) Bash Shell
13 116 (4.61%) Perl
14 96 (3.82%) T-SQL
15 80 (3.18%) C++
16 66 (2.62%) C
16 66 (2.62%) R
17 63 (2.50%) TypeScript
18 60 (2.39%) PowerShell
19 53 (2.11%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 269 (10.70%) Degree
2 223 (8.87%) Security Cleared
3 151 (6.00%) SC Cleared
4 64 (2.54%) Computer Science Degree
5 54 (2.15%) BPSS Clearance
6 32 (1.27%) Numerate Degree
7 24 (0.95%) DV Cleared
8 20 (0.80%) Master's Degree
9 14 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
10 12 (0.48%) Siebel Certification
11 9 (0.36%) CTC Cleared
11 9 (0.36%) ISTQB
11 9 (0.36%) TOGAF Certification
12 7 (0.28%) DBS Check
13 6 (0.24%) RHCE
14 5 (0.20%) ISEB
15 4 (0.16%) MCSA
15 4 (0.16%) MCSE
15 4 (0.16%) MCTS
16 3 (0.12%) MCAD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 146 (5.81%) QA
2 118 (4.69%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.95%) Disclosure Scotland
4 19 (0.76%) SLA
5 15 (0.60%) GCP
5 15 (0.60%) GDPR
6 11 (0.44%) Dodd-Frank
6 11 (0.44%) EMIR
6 11 (0.44%) MiFID
6 11 (0.44%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.24%) PMO
8 3 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.080%) COBIT
9 2 (0.080%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.040%) Basel II
10 1 (0.040%) BS7666
10 1 (0.040%) HL7
10 1 (0.040%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.040%) SAS 70
10 1 (0.040%) WCAG
System Software
1 184 (7.32%) Docker
2 34 (1.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 32 (1.27%) Active Directory
4 30 (1.19%) Virtual Machines
5 26 (1.03%) Apache Flume
5 26 (1.03%) Oracle RAC
6 23 (0.91%) HDFS
7 15 (0.60%) Oracle Clusterware
8 10 (0.40%) Virtual Servers
9 9 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.28%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 5 (0.20%) VMware Server
11 5 (0.20%) vSphere
12 4 (0.16%) Hyper-V
12 4 (0.16%) Xen
13 3 (0.12%) Firmware
13 3 (0.12%) LXC
14 1 (0.040%) KVM
14 1 (0.040%) oVirt
14 1 (0.040%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 134 (5.33%) Opscode Chef
2 122 (4.85%) Puppet
3 112 (4.45%) Ansible
4 61 (2.43%) Kubernetes
5 27 (1.07%) Data Guard
6 23 (0.91%) Single Sign-On
7 20 (0.80%) Oracle RMAN
8 19 (0.76%) Oozie
9 18 (0.72%) Terraform
10 15 (0.60%) Mesos
10 15 (0.60%) Oracle Flashback
11 14 (0.56%) BladeLogic
12 13 (0.52%) Hadoop YARN
12 13 (0.52%) HP Quality Center
13 12 (0.48%) Galera Cluster
13 12 (0.48%) Grafana
13 12 (0.48%) ITRS Geneos
14 9 (0.36%) Marathon
15 8 (0.32%) StatsD
15 8 (0.32%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 797 (31.69%) Oracle
2 282 (11.21%) Microsoft
3 82 (3.26%) IBM
4 78 (3.10%) SAP
5 74 (2.94%) Sybase
6 63 (2.50%) Google
7 59 (2.35%) Tableau
8 58 (2.31%) Informatica
9 53 (2.11%) Teradata
10 50 (1.99%) Salesforce.com
11 44 (1.75%) Splunk
11 44 (1.75%) Talend
12 42 (1.67%) Hortonworks
12 42 (1.67%) VMware
13 40 (1.59%) Cloudera
14 39 (1.55%) Red Hat
15 38 (1.51%) Zend
16 34 (1.35%) MuleSoft
17 29 (1.15%) Perforce
18 24 (0.95%) hybris