Period
to 20 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 106 107 108
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 +8
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2,541 2,391 2,288
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.44% 2.34% 2.20%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.87% 10.58% 9.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,620 1,591 1,480
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.74% +4.71%
10th Percentile £338 £315 £304
90th Percentile £650 £638 £593
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £413
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 24 22
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £30.00 £42.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.33% -29.82% +6.88%
10th Percentile £17.25 £12.32 £26.58
90th Percentile £50.00 £45.00 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £30.58 £42.75
% change year-on-year +14.47% -28.48% +6.88%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 23,368 22,606 23,521
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.46% 22.10% 22.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,248 15,450 15,603
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £310 £285
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £378
% change year-on-year +6.25% +5.96% +0.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 243 285 366
UK median hourly rate £33.50 £31.15 £28.18
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.54% +10.54% -2.83%
10th Percentile £13.75 £14.00 £10.13
90th Percentile £57.50 £58.00 £52.09
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £28.18
% change year-on-year - +24.20% -6.07%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 2,223 £500 +3.63% 741
London +11 1,342 £550 +4.76% 305
UK excluding London +9 1,177 £425 - 507
South East -31 295 £450 +5.88% 135
Scotland +25 200 £425 +6.25% 43
North of England -15 193 £400 -5.88% 106
Midlands +45 185 £450 +20.00% 68
South West -10 114 £425 +13.33% 62
North West +2 111 £390 -2.50% 63
East Midlands +22 98 £488 +46.07% 24
East of England -19 94 £475 +5.85% 65
West Midlands +37 87 £425 - 44
Yorkshire -17 72 £425 - 37
Wales -31 63 £450 +15.38% 18
Northern Ireland +12 35 £412 -1.90% 10
North East -17 10 £450 +5.88% 6
Channel Islands - 3 - -

For the 6 months to 20 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,314 (51.71%) Agile Software Development
2 1,159 (45.61%) SQL
3 1,071 (42.15%) Java
4 944 (37.15%) RDBMS
5 701 (27.59%) Oracle
6 667 (26.25%) SQL Server
7 631 (24.83%) Git (software)
8 629 (24.75%) JavaScript
9 554 (21.80%) Linux
10 523 (20.58%) Unix
11 510 (20.07%) Python
12 496 (19.52%) HTML
13 491 (19.32%) Finance
13 491 (19.32%) Spring
14 474 (18.65%) TDD
15 467 (18.38%) Test Automation
16 457 (17.99%) NoSQL
17 454 (17.87%) CSS
18 431 (16.96%) MySQL
19 423 (16.65%) Scrum
20 409 (16.10%) REST
21 402 (15.82%) Web Services
22 392 (15.43%) OO
23 389 (15.31%) Microservices
24 387 (15.23%) Jenkins
25 363 (14.29%) Continuous Integration
26 362 (14.25%) Amazon AWS
27 354 (13.93%) AngularJS
28 341 (13.42%) DevOps
29 329 (12.95%) Analytical Skills

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 207 (8.15%) Confluence
2 177 (6.97%) Apache Spark
3 108 (4.25%) WebSphere
4 90 (3.54%) Apache
5 79 (3.11%) Elasticsearch
6 70 (2.75%) WildFly
7 60 (2.36%) Mule
8 54 (2.13%) CMS
9 52 (2.05%) JBoss
10 43 (1.69%) IIS
10 43 (1.69%) SAS
11 41 (1.61%) Apache Solr
11 41 (1.61%) SharePoint
12 36 (1.42%) WebLogic
13 34 (1.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 28 (1.10%) Tomcat
15 22 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
16 18 (0.71%) Commerce Server
17 17 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 16 (0.63%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 110 (4.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 53 (2.09%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (0.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.47%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.28%) Photoshop
6 5 (0.20%) SPSS
7 4 (0.16%) HipChat
7 4 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.12%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.079%) GNU Octave
10 1 (0.039%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.039%) Stata
Business Applications
1 13 (0.51%) Teamcenter
2 11 (0.43%) SAP Hybris
3 10 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (0.28%) Dynamics NAV
5 7 (0.28%) Endur
5 7 (0.28%) ION MarketView
6 6 (0.24%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.16%) Bloomberg AIM
7 4 (0.16%) Markit EDM
8 3 (0.12%) Elite 3E
8 3 (0.12%) HFM
8 3 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
8 3 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.079%) BASE24
9 2 (0.079%) Dynamics GP
9 2 (0.079%) LatentZero
9 2 (0.079%) Magento
9 2 (0.079%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 362 (14.25%) Amazon AWS
2 264 (10.39%) Microsoft Azure
3 75 (2.95%) Amazon S3
4 70 (2.75%) Serverless
5 66 (2.60%) Amazon EMR
6 64 (2.52%) Amazon EC2
7 62 (2.44%) Google Cloud Platform
8 55 (2.16%) GitHub
9 54 (2.13%) AWS Lambda
10 42 (1.65%) PaaS
11 37 (1.46%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 36 (1.42%) Amazon Glacier
12 36 (1.42%) SaaS
13 29 (1.14%) Azure Data Factory
14 26 (1.02%) IaaS
15 24 (0.94%) npm
16 20 (0.79%) Azure Functions
16 20 (0.79%) Office 365
17 17 (0.67%) Data Lake Analytics
17 17 (0.67%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 153 (6.02%) HTTP
2 53 (2.09%) TCP/IP
3 45 (1.77%) Internet
4 34 (1.34%) SSL
5 31 (1.22%) VPN
6 30 (1.18%) DNS
7 23 (0.91%) FTP
8 19 (0.75%) AMQP
9 18 (0.71%) Firewall
10 15 (0.59%) DHCP
11 14 (0.55%) MPLS
12 13 (0.51%) IPsec
13 11 (0.43%) SMTP
14 10 (0.39%) Kerberos
15 6 (0.24%) WAN
16 5 (0.20%) RTMP
17 4 (0.16%) HTTPS
17 4 (0.16%) Intranet
17 4 (0.16%) Network Security
18 3 (0.12%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 944 (37.15%) RDBMS
2 667 (26.25%) SQL Server
3 457 (17.99%) NoSQL
4 431 (16.96%) MySQL
5 315 (12.40%) Data Warehouse
6 285 (11.22%) MongoDB
7 271 (10.67%) PostgreSQL
8 248 (9.76%) Big Data
9 226 (8.89%) Hadoop
10 138 (5.43%) Oracle Database
11 137 (5.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 117 (4.60%) Apache Hive
13 116 (4.57%) Apache Cassandra
14 115 (4.53%) Power BI
15 114 (4.49%) DB2
16 84 (3.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 76 (2.99%) HBase
18 73 (2.87%) Data Lake
19 68 (2.68%) Redis
20 62 (2.44%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 631 (24.83%) Git (software)
2 387 (15.23%) Jenkins
3 284 (11.18%) JIRA
4 235 (9.25%) Maven
5 228 (8.97%) JUnit
6 203 (7.99%) Subversion
7 115 (4.53%) Selenium
8 98 (3.86%) SonarQube
9 95 (3.74%) Mockito
10 84 (3.31%) Hudson
11 83 (3.27%) Cucumber
12 73 (2.87%) Checkstyle
12 73 (2.87%) Visual Studio
13 69 (2.72%) Liquibase
14 68 (2.68%) Vagrant
15 66 (2.60%) Visual Studio Team System
16 62 (2.44%) NUnit
17 61 (2.40%) TeamCity
18 60 (2.36%) Gradle
19 58 (2.28%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 491 (19.32%) Finance
2 273 (10.74%) Banking
3 182 (7.16%) Retail
4 166 (6.53%) Front Office
5 157 (6.18%) Investment Banking
6 51 (2.01%) Marketing
7 41 (1.61%) Publishing
8 27 (1.06%) Advertising
9 23 (0.91%) Financial Institution
10 21 (0.83%) Legal
10 21 (0.83%) Telecoms
11 16 (0.63%) Back Office
12 15 (0.59%) Law
13 14 (0.55%) Manufacturing
14 13 (0.51%) Games
14 13 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
15 6 (0.24%) Billing
16 5 (0.20%) Electronics
16 5 (0.20%) French Language
16 5 (0.20%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 1,530 (60.21%) Developer
2 537 (21.13%) Java Developer
3 182 (7.16%) Analyst
4 178 (7.01%) Senior Developer
5 166 (6.53%) Architect
6 147 (5.79%) Full Stack Developer
7 126 (4.96%) .NET Developer
8 102 (4.01%) Data Engineer
9 101 (3.97%) DevOps Engineer
10 99 (3.90%) Software Engineer
11 96 (3.78%) SQL Developer
12 89 (3.50%) C# Developer
13 82 (3.23%) Senior Java Developer
14 81 (3.19%) Agile Developer
15 75 (2.95%) Python Developer
16 68 (2.68%) SC Cleared Java Developer
16 68 (2.68%) Scala Developer
17 64 (2.52%) Consultant
18 63 (2.48%) PHP Developer
19 62 (2.44%) ETL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 496 (19.52%) HTML
2 491 (19.32%) Spring
3 454 (17.87%) CSS
4 409 (16.10%) REST
5 402 (15.82%) Web Services
6 354 (13.93%) AngularJS
7 319 (12.55%) XML
8 310 (12.20%) RESTful
9 302 (11.89%) .NET
10 252 (9.92%) Hibernate
11 240 (9.45%) Node.js
12 232 (9.13%) JSON
13 209 (8.23%) HTML5
14 195 (7.67%) React
15 168 (6.61%) JMS
16 159 (6.26%) Spring Boot
17 150 (5.90%) CSS3
18 146 (5.75%) J2EE
19 145 (5.71%) ASP.NET
19 145 (5.71%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 329 (12.95%) Analytical Skills
2 105 (4.13%) Computer Science
3 95 (3.74%) Fixed Income
4 93 (3.66%) Linux Command Line
5 89 (3.50%) Algorithms
6 86 (3.38%) Data Structures
7 83 (3.27%) Derivative
8 58 (2.28%) Management Information System
9 52 (2.05%) User Experience
10 47 (1.85%) Fintech
11 46 (1.81%) Greenfield Project
12 45 (1.77%) Enterprise Software
13 43 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
14 37 (1.46%) Equity Derivative
15 29 (1.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 27 (1.06%) Equities
17 25 (0.98%) Interest Rate Derivative
18 23 (0.91%) Cloud Native
18 23 (0.91%) NHS
19 22 (0.87%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 554 (21.80%) Linux
2 523 (20.58%) Unix
3 218 (8.58%) Windows
4 68 (2.68%) VMS
5 66 (2.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 43 (1.69%) Apple iOS
7 41 (1.61%) Windows Server
8 30 (1.18%) Mac OS X
9 26 (1.02%) Android
10 17 (0.67%) Solaris
10 17 (0.67%) Windows Server 2012
11 8 (0.31%) Windows 7
11 8 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
12 7 (0.28%) AIX
13 6 (0.24%) CentOS
13 6 (0.24%) Ubuntu
13 6 (0.24%) Windows Server 2003
14 3 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
14 3 (0.12%) Debian
14 3 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,314 (51.71%) Agile Software Development
2 474 (18.65%) TDD
3 467 (18.38%) Test Automation
4 423 (16.65%) Scrum
5 392 (15.43%) OO
6 389 (15.31%) Microservices
7 363 (14.29%) Continuous Integration
8 341 (13.42%) DevOps
9 319 (12.55%) Problem-Solving
10 318 (12.51%) ETL
11 285 (11.22%) MVC
12 284 (11.18%) Open Source
13 275 (10.82%) Data Modelling
14 272 (10.70%) Analytics
15 267 (10.51%) Business Intelligence
16 264 (10.39%) SDLC
17 244 (9.60%) BDD
18 231 (9.09%) Software Engineering
19 190 (7.48%) Kanban
20 167 (6.57%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 1,159 (45.61%) SQL
2 1,071 (42.15%) Java
3 629 (24.75%) JavaScript
4 510 (20.07%) Python
5 300 (11.81%) C#
6 243 (9.56%) Java 8
7 199 (7.83%) Scala
8 140 (5.51%) Ruby
9 121 (4.76%) PL/SQL
10 116 (4.57%) Shell Script
11 111 (4.37%) T-SQL
12 103 (4.05%) PHP
13 93 (3.66%) Perl
14 89 (3.50%) C++
15 82 (3.23%) R
16 80 (3.15%) Go
17 75 (2.95%) Bash Shell
18 73 (2.87%) JPQL
19 71 (2.79%) PowerShell
19 71 (2.79%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 220 (8.66%) Security Cleared
2 177 (6.97%) SC Cleared
3 159 (6.26%) Degree
4 64 (2.52%) BPSS Clearance
5 56 (2.20%) Computer Science Degree
6 22 (0.87%) Master's Degree
7 19 (0.75%) CISSP
8 18 (0.71%) CISM
9 17 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
10 15 (0.59%) ISTQB
11 14 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
12 11 (0.43%) DBS Check
13 10 (0.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 10 (0.39%) PhD
14 8 (0.31%) DV Cleared
15 7 (0.28%) ISEB
16 4 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
16 4 (0.16%) MCSA
16 4 (0.16%) Oracle Certification
16 4 (0.16%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 109 (4.29%) Data Quality
2 68 (2.68%) QA
3 42 (1.65%) GDPR
4 18 (0.71%) FINRA
5 14 (0.55%) SLA
6 12 (0.47%) Basel III
7 7 (0.28%) EMIR
7 7 (0.28%) MiFID
8 6 (0.24%) WCAG
9 5 (0.20%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.20%) PMO
10 4 (0.16%) IFRS
11 3 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.12%) IFRS 9
11 3 (0.12%) ISO 20022
11 3 (0.12%) Solvency II
12 2 (0.079%) SNOMED CT
13 1 (0.039%) HL7
System Software
1 283 (11.14%) Docker
2 56 (2.20%) Active Directory
3 43 (1.69%) HDFS
4 20 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
5 18 (0.71%) Apache Flume
6 14 (0.55%) VMware Infrastructure
7 13 (0.51%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 12 (0.47%) Oracle RAC
9 8 (0.31%) vSphere
10 6 (0.24%) vCloud
11 4 (0.16%) etcd
12 2 (0.079%) KVM
12 2 (0.079%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 2 (0.079%) VMware Server
13 1 (0.039%) ACF2
13 1 (0.039%) LXC
13 1 (0.039%) oVirt
13 1 (0.039%) RACF
13 1 (0.039%) Varnish
13 1 (0.039%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 132 (5.19%) Opscode Chef
2 130 (5.12%) Ansible
3 116 (4.57%) Kubernetes
4 95 (3.74%) Puppet
5 75 (2.95%) Terraform
6 36 (1.42%) Single Sign-On
7 34 (1.34%) Mesos
8 30 (1.18%) Marathon
9 21 (0.83%) Kibana
10 18 (0.71%) Prometheus
11 17 (0.67%) logstash
12 16 (0.63%) Data Guard
13 15 (0.59%) Control-M
14 12 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
14 12 (0.47%) Oozie
15 11 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
16 9 (0.35%) Grafana
16 9 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
17 8 (0.31%) Oracle RMAN
17 8 (0.31%) Suricata
Vendors
1 701 (27.59%) Oracle
2 316 (12.44%) Microsoft
3 136 (5.35%) Google
4 114 (4.49%) Sybase
5 81 (3.19%) Teradata
6 77 (3.03%) Informatica
7 76 (2.99%) IBM
8 67 (2.64%) SAP
9 64 (2.52%) Tableau
10 59 (2.32%) Cloudera
11 48 (1.89%) Red Hat
12 47 (1.85%) Atlassian
13 45 (1.77%) Splunk
14 44 (1.73%) Hortonworks
15 41 (1.61%) Talend
16 37 (1.46%) Adobe
17 36 (1.42%) Zend
18 28 (1.10%) VMware
19 26 (1.02%) ServiceNow
20 23 (0.91%) Murex