Period
to 5 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 5 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
5 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 143 120 101
Rank change year-on-year -23 -19 0
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 1,098 2,116 2,512
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.78% 2.18% 2.47%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.56% 9.80% 11.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 726 1,401 1,750
Median daily rate £483 £488 £485
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.03% +0.52% +7.78%
10th Percentile £350 £350 £319
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £450 £431
% change year-on-year -3.33% +4.41% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 21 13
Median hourly rate £33.75 £35.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.57% -17.65% +30.77%
10th Percentile £17.83 £17.25 £35.25
90th Percentile £50.38 £61.25 £73.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £29.96 £38.50 £40.50
% change year-on-year -22.18% -4.94% +15.71%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 12,824 21,586 22,633
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.83% 22.27% 22.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,406 14,836 15,682
Median daily rate £475 £475 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.06% +7.43%
10th Percentile £320 £323 £310
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +3.80%
Number of hourly rates quoted 230 252 249
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £33.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.06% +20.00%
10th Percentile £14.76 £14.00 £14.54
90th Percentile £55.00 £57.50 £53.10
Median hourly rate £25.55 £35.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -27.01% -6.67% +50.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 5 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 955 £500 - 291
London -12 557 £525 -3.85% 114
UK excluding London -35 513 £435 -3.33% 207
South East -10 123 £419 -6.94% 56
North of England +16 115 £448 -5.79% 51
Scotland -32 70 £423 -0.59% 14
East of England +11 68 £438 -2.78% 21
North West +25 57 £448 +9.82% 32
South West -43 47 £450 -5.26% 25
Midlands -33 45 £444 - 23
Yorkshire +3 43 £488 -2.50% 7
Wales +34 33 £490 +3.16% 14
Work from Home +4 30 £540 +13.68% 13
East Midlands -5 28 £450 +7.14% 10
North East +29 20 £405 -14.74% 12
West Midlands -16 17 £430 -4.44% 13
Northern Ireland +5 14 £431 +4.61% 3

For the 6 months to 5 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 530 (48.27%) SQL
2 460 (41.89%) Agile Software Development
3 400 (36.43%) Java
4 353 (32.15%) RDBMS
5 309 (28.14%) SQL Server
6 308 (28.05%) Oracle
7 265 (24.13%) Python
8 257 (23.41%) AWS
9 244 (22.22%) Finance
10 237 (21.58%) JavaScript
11 229 (20.86%) Azure
12 211 (19.22%) MySQL
13 205 (18.67%) Git (software)
14 200 (18.21%) Web Services
15 198 (18.03%) HTML
16 187 (17.03%) ETL
17 186 (16.94%) Test Automation
18 183 (16.67%) Microservices
19 180 (16.39%) Continuous Integration
20 177 (16.12%) Data Modelling
21 175 (15.94%) CSS
22 159 (14.48%) TDD
22 159 (14.48%) Linux
22 159 (14.48%) MongoDB
23 157 (14.30%) Analytics
23 157 (14.30%) XML
24 156 (14.21%) Data Warehouse
24 156 (14.21%) Problem-Solving
25 155 (14.12%) Software Engineering
26 154 (14.03%) Spring

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 75 (6.83%) Apache Spark
2 56 (5.10%) Confluence
3 38 (3.46%) Apache
4 27 (2.46%) Elasticsearch
5 26 (2.37%) Tomcat
6 24 (2.19%) Camunda
7 23 (2.09%) SharePoint
8 22 (2.00%) nginx
9 20 (1.82%) IIS
9 20 (1.82%) SAS
10 17 (1.55%) WebLogic
11 13 (1.18%) WebSphere
12 12 (1.09%) Cloud Foundry
13 9 (0.82%) ArcGIS
14 8 (0.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 6 (0.55%) CMS
15 6 (0.55%) WebSphere Application Server
16 5 (0.46%) Apache Airflow
16 5 (0.46%) ColdFusion
17 4 (0.36%) Mongrel
Applications
1 56 (5.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (2.28%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.64%) Spreadsheet
4 6 (0.55%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.46%) Zeplin
6 2 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.091%) Camtasia
7 1 (0.091%) GNU Octave
7 1 (0.091%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 27 (2.46%) FINCAD Analytics
2 15 (1.37%) BusinessWorks
2 15 (1.37%) Oracle EBS
3 10 (0.91%) Magento
4 8 (0.73%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 7 (0.64%) NetSuite
6 4 (0.36%) Adobe Campaign
7 3 (0.27%) Cognos Business Intelligence
7 3 (0.27%) Oracle 11i
7 3 (0.27%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.18%) Hyperion Planning
8 2 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.18%) SAP Bank Analyzer
8 2 (0.18%) SAP BPC
9 1 (0.091%) Dynamics CRM
9 1 (0.091%) Oracle ERP
9 1 (0.091%) Remedy ITSM
9 1 (0.091%) ResourceLink
Cloud Services
1 257 (23.41%) AWS
2 229 (20.86%) Azure
3 96 (8.74%) GCP
4 49 (4.46%) Power Platform
5 36 (3.28%) AWS Step Functions
6 32 (2.91%) GitHub
7 31 (2.82%) Serverless
8 24 (2.19%) SaaS
9 22 (2.00%) AWS Lambda
10 21 (1.91%) PaaS
11 20 (1.82%) Amazon EC2
11 20 (1.82%) Amazon S3
12 19 (1.73%) Azure Data Factory
13 17 (1.55%) IaaS
14 16 (1.46%) Cloud Computing
15 15 (1.37%) Amazon EMR
16 10 (0.91%) AWS CloudFormation
16 10 (0.91%) OpenShift
17 9 (0.82%) npm
18 7 (0.64%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 78 (7.10%) HTTP
2 18 (1.64%) TCP/IP
3 15 (1.37%) DNS
3 15 (1.37%) DSL
3 15 (1.37%) FTP
4 14 (1.28%) SSL
5 13 (1.18%) SSH
6 12 (1.09%) RTMP
7 10 (0.91%) LAN
7 10 (0.91%) WAN
8 8 (0.73%) Firewall
9 5 (0.46%) DHCP
9 5 (0.46%) IPsec
10 4 (0.36%) VPN
11 3 (0.27%) AMQP
11 3 (0.27%) Broadband
11 3 (0.27%) Internet
11 3 (0.27%) iSCSI
11 3 (0.27%) SAN
12 2 (0.18%) Radio Access Network
Database & Business Intelligence
1 353 (32.15%) RDBMS
2 309 (28.14%) SQL Server
3 211 (19.22%) MySQL
4 159 (14.48%) MongoDB
5 156 (14.21%) Data Warehouse
6 151 (13.75%) NoSQL
7 123 (11.20%) PostgreSQL
8 102 (9.29%) Big Data
9 95 (8.65%) Hadoop
10 86 (7.83%) Redis
11 71 (6.47%) Apache Cassandra
12 59 (5.37%) DB2
13 56 (5.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 52 (4.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 52 (4.74%) Oracle Database
15 46 (4.19%) Power BI
16 44 (4.01%) Neo4j
17 43 (3.92%) Amazon Aurora
18 37 (3.37%) HBase
19 34 (3.10%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 205 (18.67%) Git (software)
2 135 (12.30%) Jenkins
3 134 (12.20%) JIRA
4 59 (5.37%) Maven
5 47 (4.28%) JUnit
6 32 (2.91%) Cucumber
7 29 (2.64%) Gradle
8 26 (2.37%) Selenium
9 23 (2.09%) GitLab
10 22 (2.00%) Team Foundation Server
10 22 (2.00%) Visual Studio
11 21 (1.91%) NUnit
11 21 (1.91%) TeamCity
12 18 (1.64%) Ant
12 18 (1.64%) Mockito
12 18 (1.64%) Subversion
13 15 (1.37%) Eclipse
14 13 (1.18%) Visual Studio Team System
15 12 (1.09%) Mocha
16 11 (1.00%) Grunt
General
1 244 (22.22%) Finance
2 93 (8.47%) Banking
3 81 (7.38%) Public Sector
4 55 (5.01%) Front Office
5 39 (3.55%) Investment Banking
6 29 (2.64%) Telecoms
7 18 (1.64%) Marketing
7 18 (1.64%) Retail
8 16 (1.46%) Games
8 16 (1.46%) Pharmaceutical
9 11 (1.00%) Back Office
9 11 (1.00%) Publishing
10 6 (0.55%) Legal
10 6 (0.55%) Local Government
11 5 (0.46%) Law
11 5 (0.46%) Manufacturing
12 4 (0.36%) Advertising
12 4 (0.36%) Automotive
12 4 (0.36%) Electronics
13 3 (0.27%) Housing Association
Job Titles
1 600 (54.64%) Developer
2 175 (15.94%) Java Developer
3 118 (10.75%) Analyst
4 99 (9.02%) Senior Developer
5 86 (7.83%) Architect
6 75 (6.83%) Data Engineer
7 65 (5.92%) Data Analyst
8 63 (5.74%) Python Developer
9 59 (5.37%) Software Engineer
10 51 (4.64%) AWS Developer
10 51 (4.64%) Java Engineer
11 49 (4.46%) AWS Engineer
12 45 (4.10%) .NET Developer
13 39 (3.55%) C# Developer
14 38 (3.46%) Scala Developer
15 34 (3.10%) DBA
15 34 (3.10%) JavaScript Developer
16 33 (3.01%) Full Stack Developer
16 33 (3.01%) Java Software Engineer
16 33 (3.01%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 200 (18.21%) Web Services
2 198 (18.03%) HTML
3 175 (15.94%) CSS
4 157 (14.30%) XML
5 154 (14.03%) Spring
6 133 (12.11%) .NET
7 125 (11.38%) RESTful
8 121 (11.02%) REST
9 113 (10.29%) HTML5
10 108 (9.84%) AngularJS
11 107 (9.74%) React
12 95 (8.65%) Kafka
13 93 (8.47%) JSON
14 78 (7.10%) Node.js
15 66 (6.01%) Spring Boot
16 58 (5.28%) CSS3
17 54 (4.92%) jQuery
18 53 (4.83%) Django
19 50 (4.55%) Ajax
20 49 (4.46%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 123 (11.20%) Analytical Skills
2 53 (4.83%) Data Structures
3 45 (4.10%) Fixed Income
3 45 (4.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 36 (3.28%) Derivative
5 34 (3.10%) Reference Data
6 31 (2.82%) Algorithms
6 31 (2.82%) Hedge funds
7 28 (2.55%) Mobile App
8 27 (2.46%) Equity Derivative
9 26 (2.37%) Enterprise Software
9 26 (2.37%) User Experience
10 24 (2.19%) Semantic Web
11 23 (2.09%) Management Information System
11 23 (2.09%) Market Risk
12 22 (2.00%) Greenfield Project
13 18 (1.64%) Client/Server
14 17 (1.55%) Cloud Native
15 16 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
16 15 (1.37%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 159 (14.48%) Linux
2 108 (9.84%) Unix
3 76 (6.92%) Windows
4 21 (1.91%) Windows Server
5 15 (1.37%) Solaris
6 9 (0.82%) Mac OS X
7 8 (0.73%) Android
7 8 (0.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.55%) Apple iOS
8 6 (0.55%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.36%) AIX
9 4 (0.36%) CentOS
10 3 (0.27%) HPUX
11 2 (0.18%) VME
11 2 (0.18%) VMS
12 1 (0.091%) Debian
12 1 (0.091%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 460 (41.89%) Agile Software Development
2 187 (17.03%) ETL
3 186 (16.94%) Test Automation
4 183 (16.67%) Microservices
5 180 (16.39%) Continuous Integration
6 177 (16.12%) Data Modelling
7 159 (14.48%) TDD
8 157 (14.30%) Analytics
9 156 (14.21%) Problem-Solving
10 155 (14.12%) Software Engineering
11 153 (13.93%) Scrum
12 152 (13.84%) DevOps
13 142 (12.93%) Business Intelligence
14 137 (12.48%) Migration
15 132 (12.02%) OO
16 93 (8.47%) SDLC
17 88 (8.01%) MVC
18 76 (6.92%) Data Analysis
19 75 (6.83%) Pair Programming
20 70 (6.38%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 530 (48.27%) SQL
2 400 (36.43%) Java
3 265 (24.13%) Python
4 237 (21.58%) JavaScript
5 136 (12.39%) C#
6 98 (8.93%) Java 8
7 96 (8.74%) Scala
8 44 (4.01%) PHP
9 43 (3.92%) R
10 41 (3.73%) T-SQL
11 39 (3.55%) Ruby
12 35 (3.19%) PowerShell
13 34 (3.10%) TypeScript
14 33 (3.01%) PL/SQL
15 32 (2.91%) Kotlin
16 31 (2.82%) C++
17 26 (2.37%) Groovy
18 25 (2.28%) Bash Shell
18 25 (2.28%) Shell Script
19 20 (1.82%) VBA
Qualifications
1 99 (9.02%) Security Cleared
2 91 (8.29%) Degree
3 81 (7.38%) SC Cleared
4 30 (2.73%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (1.73%) BPSS Clearance
6 6 (0.55%) DV Cleared
6 6 (0.55%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.46%) DBS Check
7 5 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
7 5 (0.46%) SAS Certification
8 4 (0.36%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
10 2 (0.18%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.18%) ISEB
10 2 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.18%) OCP
10 2 (0.18%) Oracle Certification
10 2 (0.18%) PhD
10 2 (0.18%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (6.65%) QA
2 62 (5.65%) Data Quality
3 24 (2.19%) GDPR
4 16 (1.46%) IFRS
5 15 (1.37%) Solvency II
6 12 (1.09%) SLA
7 4 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 3 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.27%) MiFID
9 2 (0.18%) COBIT
9 2 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.091%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.091%) HL7
10 1 (0.091%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.091%) WCAG
System Software
1 124 (11.29%) Docker
2 24 (2.19%) Apache Flume
3 19 (1.73%) Active Directory
4 12 (1.09%) VMware Infrastructure
5 7 (0.64%) Oracle RAC
6 5 (0.46%) HDFS
7 4 (0.36%) Oracle Clusterware
7 4 (0.36%) Xen
8 3 (0.27%) Citrix Hypervisor
8 3 (0.27%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
8 3 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.18%) NFS
9 2 (0.18%) Samba
10 1 (0.091%) Snort
10 1 (0.091%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 1 (0.091%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.091%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.091%) vSphere
10 1 (0.091%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 110 (10.02%) Kubernetes
2 59 (5.37%) Terraform
3 32 (2.91%) Ansible
4 22 (2.00%) Puppet
5 18 (1.64%) Kibana
5 18 (1.64%) Opscode Chef
6 14 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
7 9 (0.82%) Data Guard
8 7 (0.64%) Istio
8 7 (0.64%) linkerd
9 6 (0.55%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 5 (0.46%) Consul
10 5 (0.46%) MIIS
10 5 (0.46%) Oracle RMAN
11 4 (0.36%) Grafana
11 4 (0.36%) Oozie
12 3 (0.27%) Graphite
12 3 (0.27%) HP ALM
12 3 (0.27%) Prometheus
13 2 (0.18%) Uchiwa
Vendors
1 308 (28.05%) Oracle
2 141 (12.84%) Microsoft
3 80 (7.29%) Google
4 50 (4.55%) Sybase
5 34 (3.10%) Tableau
6 33 (3.01%) SAP
7 32 (2.91%) Cloudera
8 31 (2.82%) IBM
9 26 (2.37%) Informatica
10 25 (2.28%) Talend
11 23 (2.09%) Salesforce.com
11 23 (2.09%) Splunk
12 20 (1.82%) Atlassian
13 18 (1.64%) Databricks
14 17 (1.55%) TIBCO
15 16 (1.46%) MicroStrategy
15 16 (1.46%) Teradata
16 14 (1.28%) Hortonworks
16 14 (1.28%) MuleSoft
17 13 (1.18%) Zend