Period
to 21 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 21 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
21 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 97 100 130
Rank change year-on-year +3 +30 -17
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 2,593 2,438 2,133
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.52% 2.47% 1.98%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 11.09% 11.00% 8.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,704 1,533 1,398
UK median daily rate £484 £450 £436
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.56% +3.15% +5.12%
10th Percentile £340 £313 £305
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £421 £400
% change year-on-year +1.07% +5.13% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 20 23
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £26.99 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +50.04% -25.02% -10.00%
10th Percentile £17.25 £11.17 £16.85
90th Percentile £50.00 £42.63 £44.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.25 £29.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year +36.44% -18.06% -7.10%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 23,378 22,161 23,963
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.75% 22.43% 22.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,376 14,787 16,068
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £281
90th Percentile £638 £625 £599
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 240 276 389
UK median hourly rate £27.87 £29.50 £29.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.54% -1.27% +4.84%
10th Percentile £13.25 £12.19 £11.25
90th Percentile £56.00 £53.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £28.00 £30.00 £28.50
% change year-on-year -6.67% +5.26% -3.39%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 21 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 2,265 £500 +6.38% 663
London +13 1,347 £547 +9.37% 272
UK excluding London -17 1,224 £425 +1.07% 467
South East -12 373 £475 +11.76% 105
North of England -36 205 £400 -5.88% 119
Scotland +5 198 £425 +6.92% 45
Midlands +43 186 £425 +6.25% 75
North West -6 110 £400 - 67
East Midlands +21 97 £425 +16.04% 38
West Midlands +29 87 £425 - 37
Wales -6 86 £450 +20.00% 20
Yorkshire -40 84 £425 - 44
East of England -37 83 £450 +5.88% 52
South West -15 70 £413 +3.13% 41
Northern Ireland -3 27 £431 +2.68% 11
North East -18 11 £400 -5.88% 8
Channel Islands - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 21 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,286 (49.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,169 (45.08%) SQL
3 1,087 (41.92%) Java
4 894 (34.48%) RDBMS
5 745 (28.73%) Oracle
6 734 (28.31%) JavaScript
7 676 (26.07%) Git (software)
8 668 (25.76%) SQL Server
9 610 (23.52%) Linux
10 588 (22.68%) HTML
11 587 (22.64%) Python
12 524 (20.21%) Finance
13 503 (19.40%) CSS
14 497 (19.17%) TDD
15 494 (19.05%) Unix
16 490 (18.90%) Spring
17 476 (18.36%) Web Services
18 472 (18.20%) REST
19 455 (17.55%) NoSQL
20 434 (16.74%) OO
21 430 (16.58%) Test Automation
21 430 (16.58%) Continuous Integration
22 416 (16.04%) MySQL
23 412 (15.89%) Jenkins
24 393 (15.16%) Scrum
25 362 (13.96%) Microservices
26 354 (13.65%) Amazon AWS
26 354 (13.65%) Problem-Solving
27 344 (13.27%) .NET
28 331 (12.77%) C#

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 188 (7.25%) Apache Spark
2 161 (6.21%) Confluence
3 117 (4.51%) Apache
4 102 (3.93%) WebSphere
5 71 (2.74%) Elasticsearch
6 55 (2.12%) WildFly
7 54 (2.08%) JBoss
8 53 (2.04%) CMS
9 49 (1.89%) Mule
10 43 (1.66%) IIS
10 43 (1.66%) SAS
11 40 (1.54%) Apache Solr
12 39 (1.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 36 (1.39%) SharePoint
13 36 (1.39%) WebLogic
14 25 (0.96%) Tomcat
15 22 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
15 22 (0.85%) Commerce Server
16 21 (0.81%) Oracle Workflow
17 19 (0.73%) Jetty
Applications
1 97 (3.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (1.74%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (0.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.31%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.31%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.23%) SPSS
6 5 (0.19%) HipChat
7 3 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.077%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.077%) Stata
9 1 (0.039%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.039%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.039%) InVision
Business Applications
1 13 (0.50%) SAP Hybris
2 10 (0.39%) ION MarketView
3 9 (0.35%) Magento
3 9 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
4 8 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.23%) SunGard Martini
6 5 (0.19%) Markit EDM
6 5 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
6 5 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
6 5 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
6 5 (0.19%) Oracle iProcurement
6 5 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
6 5 (0.19%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 5 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
6 5 (0.19%) Oracle TCA
7 4 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.15%) Bloomberg AIM
7 4 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.12%) HFM
8 3 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 354 (13.65%) Amazon AWS
2 293 (11.30%) Microsoft Azure
3 66 (2.55%) Amazon S3
4 63 (2.43%) GitHub
5 56 (2.16%) Amazon EC2
6 55 (2.12%) Serverless
7 52 (2.01%) Google Cloud Platform
8 51 (1.97%) Amazon EMR
9 47 (1.81%) PaaS
10 41 (1.58%) AWS Lambda
11 37 (1.43%) SaaS
12 36 (1.39%) Azure Data Factory
13 28 (1.08%) Amazon Glacier
13 28 (1.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 22 (0.85%) IaaS
15 18 (0.69%) Azure Functions
15 18 (0.69%) npm
15 18 (0.69%) OpenShift
16 17 (0.66%) Data Lake Analytics
16 17 (0.66%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 189 (7.29%) HTTP
2 57 (2.20%) TCP/IP
3 38 (1.47%) SSL
4 35 (1.35%) FTP
5 33 (1.27%) DNS
6 30 (1.16%) Internet
7 24 (0.93%) VPN
8 21 (0.81%) AMQP
9 17 (0.66%) DHCP
9 17 (0.66%) IPsec
9 17 (0.66%) Kerberos
10 15 (0.58%) Firewall
11 9 (0.35%) SMS
12 8 (0.31%) SMTP
13 7 (0.27%) MPLS
14 6 (0.23%) DVB
14 6 (0.23%) RTMP
15 4 (0.15%) DSL
15 4 (0.15%) Network Security
16 3 (0.12%) IMAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 894 (34.48%) RDBMS
2 668 (25.76%) SQL Server
3 455 (17.55%) NoSQL
4 416 (16.04%) MySQL
5 306 (11.80%) Data Warehouse
6 289 (11.15%) PostgreSQL
7 261 (10.07%) MongoDB
8 239 (9.22%) Big Data
9 218 (8.41%) Hadoop
10 143 (5.51%) Redis
11 140 (5.40%) Oracle Database
12 135 (5.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 131 (5.05%) DB2
14 107 (4.13%) Apache Hive
15 97 (3.74%) Power BI
16 95 (3.66%) Apache Cassandra
17 82 (3.16%) HBase
18 68 (2.62%) Data Lake
18 68 (2.62%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 60 (2.31%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 676 (26.07%) Git (software)
2 412 (15.89%) Jenkins
3 234 (9.02%) JIRA
4 223 (8.60%) Maven
5 204 (7.87%) Subversion
6 181 (6.98%) JUnit
7 100 (3.86%) Selenium
8 93 (3.59%) Visual Studio
9 91 (3.51%) Mockito
10 86 (3.32%) Cucumber
11 80 (3.09%) SonarQube
12 71 (2.74%) Visual Studio Team System
13 68 (2.62%) NUnit
13 68 (2.62%) Team Foundation Server
14 65 (2.51%) Hudson
15 57 (2.20%) Checkstyle
16 56 (2.16%) Gradle
17 53 (2.04%) TeamCity
17 53 (2.04%) Vagrant
18 52 (2.01%) Liquibase
General
1 524 (20.21%) Finance
2 259 (9.99%) Banking
3 162 (6.25%) Front Office
3 162 (6.25%) Retail
4 148 (5.71%) Investment Banking
5 50 (1.93%) Marketing
6 36 (1.39%) Publishing
7 32 (1.23%) Financial Institution
8 31 (1.20%) Telecoms
9 28 (1.08%) Advertising
10 24 (0.93%) Back Office
11 19 (0.73%) Games
12 18 (0.69%) Legal
13 17 (0.66%) Law
13 17 (0.66%) Manufacturing
14 13 (0.50%) Billing
15 11 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
16 9 (0.35%) General Ledger
17 8 (0.31%) Electronics
18 6 (0.23%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 1,637 (63.13%) Developer
2 546 (21.06%) Java Developer
3 189 (7.29%) Senior Developer
4 174 (6.71%) Analyst
5 167 (6.44%) Architect
6 161 (6.21%) Python Developer
7 157 (6.05%) .NET Developer
8 115 (4.44%) Full Stack Developer
9 111 (4.28%) Software Engineer
10 101 (3.90%) Data Engineer
11 93 (3.59%) Senior Java Developer
12 89 (3.43%) SQL Developer
13 83 (3.20%) Django Developer
13 83 (3.20%) PHP Developer
13 83 (3.20%) Python/Django Developer
14 82 (3.16%) C# Developer
14 82 (3.16%) DevOps Engineer
15 77 (2.97%) Lead Developer
16 76 (2.93%) Agile Developer
17 67 (2.58%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 588 (22.68%) HTML
2 503 (19.40%) CSS
3 490 (18.90%) Spring
4 476 (18.36%) Web Services
5 472 (18.20%) REST
6 344 (13.27%) .NET
7 316 (12.19%) AngularJS
7 316 (12.19%) XML
8 283 (10.91%) RESTful
9 232 (8.95%) Hibernate
10 212 (8.18%) JSON
11 197 (7.60%) HTML5
12 190 (7.33%) Node.js
13 176 (6.79%) J2EE
14 175 (6.75%) JMS
15 166 (6.40%) ASP.NET
16 153 (5.90%) Spring Boot
17 150 (5.78%) Java EE
18 147 (5.67%) React
19 143 (5.51%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 311 (11.99%) Analytical Skills
2 114 (4.40%) Computer Science
3 95 (3.66%) Algorithms
4 94 (3.63%) Data Structures
5 92 (3.55%) Fixed Income
6 89 (3.43%) Derivative
7 76 (2.93%) Linux Command Line
8 70 (2.70%) Enterprise Software
9 62 (2.39%) Greenfield Project
10 60 (2.31%) Management Information System
11 57 (2.20%) Fintech
12 55 (2.12%) User Experience
13 49 (1.89%) Equity Derivative
14 39 (1.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 35 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
16 30 (1.16%) Interest Rate Derivative
17 28 (1.08%) Hedge funds
18 27 (1.04%) Equities
19 26 (1.00%) Data Centre
20 23 (0.89%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 610 (23.52%) Linux
2 494 (19.05%) Unix
3 214 (8.25%) Windows
4 57 (2.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 51 (1.97%) VMS
6 41 (1.58%) Apple iOS
7 38 (1.47%) Windows Server
8 36 (1.39%) Mac OS X
9 25 (0.96%) Android
10 14 (0.54%) Solaris
11 13 (0.50%) AIX
12 10 (0.39%) Ubuntu
12 10 (0.39%) Windows Server 2003
12 10 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
12 10 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
13 7 (0.27%) CentOS
14 6 (0.23%) Windows 7
15 4 (0.15%) HPUX
16 3 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
16 3 (0.12%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,286 (49.60%) Agile Software Development
2 497 (19.17%) TDD
3 434 (16.74%) OO
4 430 (16.58%) Continuous Integration
4 430 (16.58%) Test Automation
5 393 (15.16%) Scrum
6 362 (13.96%) Microservices
7 354 (13.65%) Problem-Solving
8 298 (11.49%) MVC
9 296 (11.42%) Open Source
10 290 (11.18%) ETL
11 286 (11.03%) DevOps
12 268 (10.34%) SDLC
13 263 (10.14%) Analytics
14 258 (9.95%) Business Intelligence
15 243 (9.37%) BDD
16 232 (8.95%) Software Engineering
16 232 (8.95%) Web Development
17 228 (8.79%) Data Modelling
18 198 (7.64%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 1,169 (45.08%) SQL
2 1,087 (41.92%) Java
3 734 (28.31%) JavaScript
4 587 (22.64%) Python
5 331 (12.77%) C#
6 235 (9.06%) Java 8
7 179 (6.90%) Scala
8 135 (5.21%) PHP
9 121 (4.67%) C++
9 121 (4.67%) Shell Script
10 120 (4.63%) PL/SQL
10 120 (4.63%) Ruby
11 106 (4.09%) Perl
12 100 (3.86%) T-SQL
13 82 (3.16%) Bash Shell
14 80 (3.09%) PowerShell
15 72 (2.78%) Go
16 68 (2.62%) TypeScript
17 67 (2.58%) R
18 53 (2.04%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 215 (8.29%) Security Cleared
2 177 (6.83%) SC Cleared
3 176 (6.79%) Degree
4 69 (2.66%) Computer Science Degree
5 47 (1.81%) BPSS Clearance
6 26 (1.00%) Master's Degree
7 17 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
8 13 (0.50%) CISSP
9 12 (0.46%) CISM
10 11 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
11 10 (0.39%) ISEB
11 10 (0.39%) ISTQB
12 9 (0.35%) Siebel Certification
13 7 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
14 6 (0.23%) DBS Check
15 5 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 5 (0.19%) MCSE
15 5 (0.19%) PhD
16 4 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
16 4 (0.15%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 107 (4.13%) Data Quality
2 98 (3.78%) QA
3 41 (1.58%) GDPR
4 19 (0.73%) SLA
5 16 (0.62%) GCP
6 12 (0.46%) FINRA
7 7 (0.27%) PMO
8 6 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
8 6 (0.23%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.15%) Basel III
9 4 (0.15%) EMIR
9 4 (0.15%) MiFID
9 4 (0.15%) WCAG
10 3 (0.12%) ISO 20022
10 3 (0.12%) Solvency II
11 2 (0.077%) HL7
12 1 (0.039%) IFRS
12 1 (0.039%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 272 (10.49%) Docker
2 47 (1.81%) Active Directory
3 42 (1.62%) HDFS
4 27 (1.04%) Virtual Machines
5 18 (0.69%) Apache Flume
6 17 (0.66%) Oracle RAC
7 16 (0.62%) VMware Infrastructure
8 15 (0.58%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 10 (0.39%) vSphere
10 6 (0.23%) vCloud
11 5 (0.19%) etcd
12 3 (0.12%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 2 (0.077%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 2 (0.077%) Virtual Servers
13 2 (0.077%) VMware Server
14 1 (0.039%) ACF2
14 1 (0.039%) KVM
14 1 (0.039%) LXC
14 1 (0.039%) RACF
14 1 (0.039%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 128 (4.94%) Opscode Chef
2 121 (4.67%) Ansible
3 93 (3.59%) Puppet
4 89 (3.43%) Kubernetes
5 61 (2.35%) Terraform
6 42 (1.62%) Mesos
7 36 (1.39%) Marathon
8 26 (1.00%) Single Sign-On
9 18 (0.69%) Kibana
10 16 (0.62%) Data Guard
11 15 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
11 15 (0.58%) Oozie
12 14 (0.54%) Hadoop YARN
13 12 (0.46%) Control-M
13 12 (0.46%) Prometheus
14 11 (0.42%) logstash
15 8 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
16 7 (0.27%) HP ALM
16 7 (0.27%) Rancher
17 6 (0.23%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 745 (28.73%) Oracle
2 300 (11.57%) Microsoft
3 114 (4.40%) Google
4 98 (3.78%) Sybase
5 82 (3.16%) SAP
6 81 (3.12%) Teradata
7 80 (3.09%) IBM
8 76 (2.93%) Informatica
9 62 (2.39%) Tableau
10 57 (2.20%) Zend
11 49 (1.89%) Atlassian
12 44 (1.70%) Talend
13 40 (1.54%) Red Hat
14 38 (1.47%) Cloudera
15 36 (1.39%) Hortonworks
16 33 (1.27%) Splunk
17 30 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
18 28 (1.08%) VMware
19 27 (1.04%) TIBCO
20 26 (1.00%) ServiceNow