Period
to 20 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 115 136 100
Rank change year-on-year +21 -36 +3
Contract jobs citing Relational Database 640 1,701 2,604
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.19% 1.92% 2.53%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.83% 8.88% 11.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 463 1,095 1,731
Median daily rate £500 £500 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.17% +6.67%
10th Percentile £350 £350 £338
90th Percentile £667 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £430
% change year-on-year +2.86% +1.74% +2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 31 21
Median hourly rate £35.00 £49.13 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -28.76% +21.31% +50.04%
10th Percentile £19.63 £20.50 £17.25
90th Percentile £54.50 £60.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £44.50 £40.25
% change year-on-year -21.35% +10.56% +36.44%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 6,510 19,158 23,417
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.32% 21.59% 22.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,229 13,016 16,417
Median daily rate £500 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £315 £325 £313
90th Percentile £676 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £435 £425
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 138 256 240
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £28.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +21.74% -2.74%
10th Percentile £14.00 £12.69 £13.25
90th Percentile £50.80 £60.00 £56.00
Median hourly rate £32.94 £35.00 £28.75
% change year-on-year -5.89% +21.74% -4.17%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Daily rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Hourly rate trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +35 557 £500 - 262
London +18 307 £525 -4.55% 101
UK excluding London +40 288 £450 +2.86% 185
North of England +108 97 £450 - 47
North West +84 87 £450 - 32
Work from Home -23 81 £485 -3.00% 42
South East +35 65 £453 +6.50% 54
East of England +72 35 £500 +11.11% 13
Scotland -4 32 £475 +5.56% 16
South West +65 24 £420 -6.67% 18
Midlands +41 15 £400 -2.44% 27
Northern Ireland +19 13 £431 -15.90%
West Midlands +32 10 £400 -11.11% 14
Wales +31 10 £425 - 10
Yorkshire +50 6 - - 9
East Midlands +37 5 £400 - 13
North East +45 3 £513 - 6

For the 6 months to 20 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 318 (49.69%) SQL
2 226 (35.31%) Java
2 226 (35.31%) Agile Software Development
3 206 (32.19%) Oracle
4 186 (29.06%) RDBMS
5 177 (27.66%) AWS
6 163 (25.47%) SQL Server
7 161 (25.16%) Python
8 152 (23.75%) ETL
9 147 (22.97%) Finance
9 147 (22.97%) Git (software)
10 136 (21.25%) Linux
11 131 (20.47%) MySQL
12 113 (17.66%) Azure
13 110 (17.19%) Banking
14 108 (16.88%) JavaScript
14 108 (16.88%) Unix
15 107 (16.72%) Security Cleared
16 104 (16.25%) Jenkins
17 99 (15.47%) Microservices
18 98 (15.31%) Data Modelling
19 97 (15.16%) Web Services
19 97 (15.16%) Analytical Skills
19 97 (15.16%) Test Automation
20 96 (15.00%) Spring
21 94 (14.69%) SC Cleared
22 93 (14.53%) Unit Testing
23 89 (13.91%) NoSQL
24 88 (13.75%) DevOps
25 85 (13.28%) Scrum

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (6.25%) Apache
1 40 (6.25%) Apache Spark
2 37 (5.78%) Confluence
3 25 (3.91%) Mule
4 20 (3.13%) JBoss
5 17 (2.66%) IIS
6 13 (2.03%) SharePoint
6 13 (2.03%) WebLogic
7 10 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
7 10 (1.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 10 (1.56%) Red Hat Fuse
7 10 (1.56%) SAS
8 8 (1.25%) WebSphere
9 7 (1.09%) CMS
9 7 (1.09%) Tomcat
10 5 (0.78%) nginx
10 5 (0.78%) TPMS
11 4 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
11 4 (0.63%) OpenStack
11 4 (0.63%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 34 (5.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (3.75%) Spreadsheet
3 13 (2.03%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (2.03%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.63%) Chatbot
4 4 (0.63%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.63%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.16%) SPSS
5 1 (0.16%) Stata
Business Applications
1 9 (1.41%) Oracle EBS
2 8 (1.25%) Magento
3 7 (1.09%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (1.09%) Oracle EBS R12
4 6 (0.94%) SunGard Martini
5 3 (0.47%) Primavera
6 2 (0.31%) assyst
6 2 (0.31%) Eloqua
6 2 (0.31%) Markit EDM
6 2 (0.31%) Unit4 Business World
7 1 (0.16%) Infor M3
7 1 (0.16%) iTrent
7 1 (0.16%) Maximo
7 1 (0.16%) Movex
7 1 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.16%) ResourceLink
7 1 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 177 (27.66%) AWS
2 113 (17.66%) Azure
3 44 (6.88%) Amazon S3
4 42 (6.56%) Power Platform
5 30 (4.69%) AWS CloudFormation
6 28 (4.38%) Serverless
7 27 (4.22%) AWS Lambda
7 27 (4.22%) GCP
8 24 (3.75%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 23 (3.59%) Coveralls
10 20 (3.13%) AWS CloudTrail
11 17 (2.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 11 (1.72%) Amazon Kinesis
12 11 (1.72%) PaaS
13 9 (1.41%) Amazon EC2
13 9 (1.41%) PowerApps
14 8 (1.25%) Amazon EMR
14 8 (1.25%) GitHub
14 8 (1.25%) OpenShift
14 8 (1.25%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 44 (6.88%) HTTP
2 27 (4.22%) DNS
3 15 (2.34%) SSL
4 14 (2.19%) Firewall
5 13 (2.03%) TCP/IP
6 8 (1.25%) Internet
7 7 (1.09%) FTP
7 7 (1.09%) RTMP
8 5 (0.78%) DSL
8 5 (0.78%) VPN
9 4 (0.63%) LAN
9 4 (0.63%) WAN
10 3 (0.47%) Intrusion Detection
10 3 (0.47%) IPsec
10 3 (0.47%) SMTP
10 3 (0.47%) tcpdump
10 3 (0.47%) Wireshark
11 2 (0.31%) AMQP
11 2 (0.31%) Kerberos
11 2 (0.31%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 186 (29.06%) RDBMS
2 163 (25.47%) SQL Server
3 131 (20.47%) MySQL
4 89 (13.91%) NoSQL
5 76 (11.88%) Data Warehouse
6 70 (10.94%) Big Data
6 70 (10.94%) Hadoop
7 58 (9.06%) Oracle Database
8 54 (8.44%) MongoDB
9 52 (8.13%) Apache Hive
10 47 (7.34%) PostgreSQL
11 46 (7.19%) Pentaho
12 45 (7.03%) Impala
13 42 (6.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 41 (6.41%) Power BI
15 38 (5.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 36 (5.63%) Amazon Aurora
17 31 (4.84%) Amazon RDS
18 24 (3.75%) Data Lake
19 22 (3.44%) MS Access
Development Applications
1 147 (22.97%) Git (software)
2 104 (16.25%) Jenkins
3 57 (8.91%) JIRA
4 53 (8.28%) Maven
5 41 (6.41%) JUnit
6 28 (4.38%) Subversion
7 27 (4.22%) SonarQube
8 23 (3.59%) Gradle
9 21 (3.28%) TeamCity
10 18 (2.81%) Team Foundation Server
11 17 (2.66%) Visual Studio
12 16 (2.50%) Bitbucket Server
13 15 (2.34%) Ant
13 15 (2.34%) Cucumber
14 12 (1.88%) GitLab
14 12 (1.88%) NUnit
15 11 (1.72%) jMock
15 11 (1.72%) Oracle Forms
16 10 (1.56%) Eclipse
16 10 (1.56%) Oracle APEX
General
1 147 (22.97%) Finance
2 110 (17.19%) Banking
3 69 (10.78%) Public Sector
4 55 (8.59%) Investment Banking
5 42 (6.56%) Front Office
6 26 (4.06%) Marketing
7 10 (1.56%) Back Office
8 8 (1.25%) Manufacturing
8 8 (1.25%) Telecoms
9 6 (0.94%) Advertising
10 5 (0.78%) Electronics
10 5 (0.78%) Legal
10 5 (0.78%) Retail
11 4 (0.63%) Retail Banking
12 3 (0.47%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.31%) Aerospace
13 2 (0.31%) Law
13 2 (0.31%) Local Government
13 2 (0.31%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 328 (51.25%) Developer
2 109 (17.03%) Java Developer
3 61 (9.53%) Data Engineer
4 58 (9.06%) AWS Engineer
5 52 (8.13%) Architect
6 42 (6.56%) SQL Developer
7 40 (6.25%) Analyst
8 38 (5.94%) Software Engineer
9 35 (5.47%) AWS Developer
10 32 (5.00%) Senior Developer
11 30 (4.69%) Java Engineer
12 28 (4.38%) Pentaho Developer
13 27 (4.22%) AWS Software Engineer
13 27 (4.22%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 27 (4.22%) Integration Developer
14 23 (3.59%) Python Developer
15 22 (3.44%) Java Software Developer
15 22 (3.44%) Java Software Engineer
16 20 (3.13%) Data Architect
16 20 (3.13%) ETL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 97 (15.16%) Web Services
2 96 (15.00%) Spring
3 83 (12.97%) HTML
4 73 (11.41%) REST
5 59 (9.22%) CSS
6 53 (8.28%) .NET
7 51 (7.97%) XML
8 48 (7.50%) Middleware
9 39 (6.09%) JSON
10 34 (5.31%) RESTful
11 33 (5.16%) gRPC
12 32 (5.00%) SOAP
13 31 (4.84%) Kafka
14 30 (4.69%) AngularJS
14 30 (4.69%) jQuery
15 29 (4.53%) J2EE
16 28 (4.38%) Apache Camel
17 26 (4.06%) Spring Integration
18 25 (3.91%) Hibernate
19 24 (3.75%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 97 (15.16%) Analytical Skills
2 27 (4.22%) Fixed Income
3 25 (3.91%) Reference Data
4 23 (3.59%) Data Structures
5 22 (3.44%) Management Information System
6 20 (3.13%) Enterprise Software
7 14 (2.19%) Pricing Data
7 14 (2.19%) Self-Motivation
8 13 (2.03%) Cloud Native
8 13 (2.03%) Equities
9 12 (1.88%) Client/Server
9 12 (1.88%) Mobile App
9 12 (1.88%) Virtual Team
10 10 (1.56%) Greenfield Project
10 10 (1.56%) Linux Command Line
11 9 (1.41%) Credit Risk
11 9 (1.41%) Mainframe
12 8 (1.25%) PKI
13 7 (1.09%) Derivative
13 7 (1.09%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 136 (21.25%) Linux
2 108 (16.88%) Unix
3 64 (10.00%) Windows
4 12 (1.88%) Windows Server
5 11 (1.72%) Apple iOS
6 10 (1.56%) Android
6 10 (1.56%) Mac OS X
7 8 (1.25%) Solaris
8 6 (0.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.94%) Windows Server 2012
8 6 (0.94%) Windows Server 2016
9 2 (0.31%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.31%) VME
9 2 (0.31%) Windows 7
9 2 (0.31%) Windows 8
10 1 (0.16%) AIX
10 1 (0.16%) HPUX
10 1 (0.16%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 226 (35.31%) Agile Software Development
2 152 (23.75%) ETL
3 99 (15.47%) Microservices
4 98 (15.31%) Data Modelling
5 97 (15.16%) Test Automation
6 93 (14.53%) Unit Testing
7 88 (13.75%) DevOps
8 85 (13.28%) Scrum
9 83 (12.97%) Continuous Integration
9 83 (12.97%) Problem-Solving
10 76 (11.88%) Business Intelligence
11 75 (11.72%) OO
12 74 (11.56%) Software Engineering
13 70 (10.94%) TDD
14 67 (10.47%) Analytics
15 53 (8.28%) Configuration Management
16 49 (7.66%) Data Integration
17 45 (7.03%) SDLC
18 43 (6.72%) Data Engineering
18 43 (6.72%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 318 (49.69%) SQL
2 226 (35.31%) Java
3 161 (25.16%) Python
4 108 (16.88%) JavaScript
5 66 (10.31%) C#
6 42 (6.56%) Scala
7 30 (4.69%) Shell Script
8 27 (4.22%) Bash Shell
8 27 (4.22%) Perl
9 25 (3.91%) PL/SQL
9 25 (3.91%) T-SQL
10 24 (3.75%) PHP
11 23 (3.59%) Java 8
12 22 (3.44%) R
13 15 (2.34%) C++
13 15 (2.34%) PowerShell
14 12 (1.88%) Kotlin
15 11 (1.72%) COBOL
15 11 (1.72%) VB
16 10 (1.56%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 107 (16.72%) Security Cleared
2 94 (14.69%) SC Cleared
3 61 (9.53%) Degree
4 15 (2.34%) BPSS Clearance
5 11 (1.72%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (1.25%) Master's Degree
7 6 (0.94%) ISTQB
7 6 (0.94%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 4 (0.63%) CEH
9 3 (0.47%) CREST Certified
9 3 (0.47%) DV Cleared
9 3 (0.47%) GIAC
10 2 (0.31%) BC Cleared
10 2 (0.31%) DBS Check
10 2 (0.31%) PhD
10 2 (0.31%) Postgraduate
10 2 (0.31%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.16%) CISSP
11 1 (0.16%) ISEB
11 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 70 (10.94%) QA
2 50 (7.81%) Data Quality
3 7 (1.09%) SLA
4 4 (0.63%) GDPR
5 3 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 2 (0.31%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.31%) MiFID
6 2 (0.31%) NCSC
7 1 (0.16%) CDISC
7 1 (0.16%) COBIT
7 1 (0.16%) COSO
7 1 (0.16%) Good Clinical Practice
7 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.16%) NIST
7 1 (0.16%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 73 (11.41%) Docker
2 45 (7.03%) HDFS
3 12 (1.88%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.47%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.47%) NFS
5 3 (0.47%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (0.47%) Snort
5 3 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.31%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.16%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 1 (0.16%) LXC
7 1 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 55 (8.59%) Kubernetes
2 35 (5.47%) Ansible
2 35 (5.47%) Terraform
3 23 (3.59%) Opscode Chef
4 20 (3.13%) Puppet
5 6 (0.94%) Data Guard
5 6 (0.94%) Hadoop YARN
6 5 (0.78%) Single Sign-On
7 4 (0.63%) HP ALM
8 3 (0.47%) Istio
8 3 (0.47%) Network Intrusion Detection System
8 3 (0.47%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.31%) Consul
9 2 (0.31%) Packer
9 2 (0.31%) QRadar
10 1 (0.16%) Control-M
10 1 (0.16%) HP Quality Center
10 1 (0.16%) Kibana
10 1 (0.16%) Nagios
10 1 (0.16%) Tivoli Identity Manager
Vendors
1 206 (32.19%) Oracle
2 81 (12.66%) Microsoft
3 53 (8.28%) Sybase
4 49 (7.66%) Cloudera
5 27 (4.22%) IBM
6 20 (3.13%) SAP
7 19 (2.97%) Tableau
8 18 (2.81%) Talend
9 14 (2.19%) Atlassian
9 14 (2.19%) Informatica
9 14 (2.19%) Salesforce.com
10 10 (1.56%) Ab Initio
11 9 (1.41%) Google
11 9 (1.41%) Murex
11 9 (1.41%) WSO2
12 8 (1.25%) Hortonworks
13 7 (1.09%) Databricks
13 7 (1.09%) Micro Focus
13 7 (1.09%) Red Hat
14 6 (0.94%) SunGard