Period
to 18 January 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of IBM products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IBM over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

The figures below represent the IT contractor job market in general and are not representative of contractor rates within the International Business Machines Corporation.

IBM
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 204 227 201
Rank change year-on-year +23 -26 -44
Contract jobs citing IBM 534 815 1,420
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.30% 1.13% 1.43%
As % of the Vendors category 3.05% 2.63% 3.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 354 514 877
Median daily rate £480 £450 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% -2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £338 £300 £315
90th Percentile £638 £625 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 10 11
Median hourly rate £45.00 £33.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +36.36% -19.51% +70.83%
10th Percentile £31.03 £22.36 £32.50
90th Percentile £60.00 £40.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.00 £33.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year +18.18% -20.48% +72.92%

IBM is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 17,490 31,047 41,645
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.67% 42.96% 41.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,069 19,763 26,163
Median daily rate £460 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% - +2.86%
10th Percentile £250 £220 £250
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 611 1,275 1,500
Median hourly rate £24.00 £18.70 £17.43
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.34% +7.32% +2.50%
10th Percentile £11.07 £11.77 £10.75
90th Percentile £61.00 £50.00 £47.09
Median hourly rate £20.34 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +16.20% +6.06% +3.13%

IBM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IBM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IBM.

Daily rate trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IBM over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IBM in the UK

IBM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IBM.

Hourly rate trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IBM over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for IBM in the UK

IBM
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IBM within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +40 415 £480 +3.78% 115
UK excluding London +31 257 £475 +5.56% 85
London +57 181 £488 +2.63% 43
Work from Home -62 150 £500 +25.00% 7
South East +68 75 £524 +23.18% 11
North of England +59 64 £440 -2.22% 17
Scotland -8 33 £450 +9.09% 7
Yorkshire +43 28 £363 -14.71% 6
North West +32 27 £450 - 11
Midlands +36 26 £500 +13.64% 18
East of England +39 25 £450 - 13
Wales +22 22 £500 +5.82% 1
West Midlands +30 17 £463 +2.21% 10
North East +37 9 £475 -7.32%
South West +57 7 £550 +10.00% 13
East Midlands +31 5 £475 +30.09% 8
Northern Ireland +13 5 £329 +2.81% 5

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IBM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IBM.

1 164 (30.71%) Oracle
2 142 (26.59%) SQL
3 141 (26.40%) Agile Software Development
4 127 (23.78%) Java
5 120 (22.47%) Linux
6 111 (20.79%) Unix
7 90 (16.85%) Finance
8 83 (15.54%) WebSphere
9 80 (14.98%) Windows
10 75 (14.04%) Security Cleared
11 73 (13.67%) Migration
12 67 (12.55%) SC Cleared
13 63 (11.80%) Banking
14 60 (11.24%) Shell Script
14 60 (11.24%) Problem-Solving
15 57 (10.67%) AWS
16 56 (10.49%) Microsoft
17 55 (10.30%) DB2
18 54 (10.11%) VMware
19 50 (9.36%) Python
19 50 (9.36%) DevOps
20 49 (9.18%) Git (software)
20 49 (9.18%) AIX
21 48 (8.99%) ETL
22 47 (8.80%) JIRA
23 46 (8.61%) Mainframe
24 45 (8.43%) REST
25 44 (8.24%) PL/SQL
26 41 (7.68%) Red Hat
26 41 (7.68%) Analytical Skills

IBM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 83 (15.54%) WebSphere
2 27 (5.06%) Tomcat
3 26 (4.87%) WebSphere Application Server
4 21 (3.93%) JBoss
5 18 (3.37%) IIS
6 16 (3.00%) SAS
7 13 (2.43%) WebLogic
8 11 (2.06%) Confluence
8 11 (2.06%) SharePoint
9 10 (1.87%) Apache
9 10 (1.87%) MQSeries
10 8 (1.50%) Apache Geronimo
10 8 (1.50%) Apache TomEE
11 7 (1.31%) Apache Solr
12 5 (0.94%) Alfresco
12 5 (0.94%) CICS
12 5 (0.94%) Documentum
12 5 (0.94%) IBM Transformation Extender
12 5 (0.94%) Jupyter
12 5 (0.94%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 7 (1.31%) Chatbot
1 7 (1.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 5 (0.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.94%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.94%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.56%) SPSS
4 2 (0.37%) Simulink
5 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 14 (2.62%) Maximo
2 9 (1.69%) Magento
3 8 (1.50%) Oracle EBS
4 7 (1.31%) Oracle EBS R12
5 5 (0.94%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.75%) Dynamics CRM
6 4 (0.75%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 3 (0.56%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.56%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 3 (0.56%) SunGard Martini
8 2 (0.37%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 2 (0.37%) Fredhopper
8 2 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.37%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
8 2 (0.37%) RMDS
9 1 (0.19%) Salerio
9 1 (0.19%) SAP CO
9 1 (0.19%) SAP FI/CO
9 1 (0.19%) SAP MDM
9 1 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 57 (10.67%) AWS
2 38 (7.12%) Azure
3 30 (5.62%) IBM Cloud
4 24 (4.49%) GCP
5 12 (2.25%) OpenShift
6 10 (1.87%) Office 365
6 10 (1.87%) SaaS
7 9 (1.69%) PaaS
8 8 (1.50%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 8 (1.50%) Cloud Computing
8 8 (1.50%) GitHub
9 7 (1.31%) Apigee
10 6 (1.12%) Amazon SQS
10 6 (1.12%) IaaS
10 6 (1.12%) Serverless
11 4 (0.75%) AWS CloudFormation
11 4 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
11 4 (0.75%) Salesforce Service Cloud
11 4 (0.75%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 3 (0.56%) AWS CloudTrail
Communications & Networking
1 26 (4.87%) SAN
2 24 (4.49%) Firewall
3 20 (3.75%) TCP/IP
4 15 (2.81%) DNS
5 14 (2.62%) FTP
6 12 (2.25%) SNMP
7 11 (2.06%) HTTP
7 11 (2.06%) SSL
8 10 (1.87%) Fibre Channel
8 10 (1.87%) VPN
9 9 (1.69%) iSCSI
10 7 (1.31%) LAN
10 7 (1.31%) SNA
10 7 (1.31%) VSAN
10 7 (1.31%) WAN
10 7 (1.31%) Wireless
11 6 (1.12%) APPN
11 6 (1.12%) DHCP
11 6 (1.12%) Wireshark
12 5 (0.94%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (10.30%) DB2
2 38 (7.12%) SQL Server
3 30 (5.62%) Oracle Database
3 30 (5.62%) Relational Database
4 27 (5.06%) Data Warehouse
5 25 (4.68%) DataStage
6 23 (4.31%) Big Data
6 23 (4.31%) IBM InfoSphere
7 20 (3.75%) MySQL
8 17 (3.18%) NoSQL
9 9 (1.69%) Amazon RDS
10 7 (1.31%) MongoDB
10 7 (1.31%) PostgreSQL
11 6 (1.12%) GIS
11 6 (1.12%) Oracle Database 11g
11 6 (1.12%) RDBMS
12 5 (0.94%) Amazon Aurora
12 5 (0.94%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 5 (0.94%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
13 4 (0.75%) DbVisualizer
Development Applications
1 49 (9.18%) Git (software)
2 47 (8.80%) JIRA
3 25 (4.68%) Jenkins
4 20 (3.75%) CA Gen
5 19 (3.56%) Selenium
6 15 (2.81%) Cucumber
7 14 (2.62%) JMeter
7 14 (2.62%) Postman
8 13 (2.43%) Bitbucket
8 13 (2.43%) REST Assured
9 10 (1.87%) Eclipse
10 9 (1.69%) Rational DOORS
11 7 (1.31%) Maven
12 6 (1.12%) Subversion
13 5 (0.94%) PyCharm
13 5 (0.94%) SonarQube
14 4 (0.75%) JUnit
14 4 (0.75%) SoapUI
14 4 (0.75%) Team Foundation Server
15 3 (0.56%) Jasmine
General
1 90 (16.85%) Finance
2 63 (11.80%) Banking
3 32 (5.99%) Retail
4 26 (4.87%) Public Sector
5 11 (2.06%) Marketing
6 8 (1.50%) Investment Banking
7 7 (1.31%) Games
7 7 (1.31%) Law
8 6 (1.12%) Front Office
9 5 (0.94%) Back Office
9 5 (0.94%) Legal
10 4 (0.75%) Aerospace
10 4 (0.75%) French Language
10 4 (0.75%) Telecoms
11 3 (0.56%) Automotive
11 3 (0.56%) Financial Institution
11 3 (0.56%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.37%) International Banking
13 1 (0.19%) Corporate Banking
13 1 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 119 (22.28%) Developer
2 75 (14.04%) Architect
3 50 (9.36%) Consultant
4 30 (5.62%) Analyst
5 29 (5.43%) Solutions Architect
6 28 (5.24%) Administrator
7 22 (4.12%) Programmer
8 20 (3.75%) Systems Programmer
9 16 (3.00%) DBA
9 16 (3.00%) Project Manager
10 15 (2.81%) Software Developer
11 14 (2.62%) Java Developer
11 14 (2.62%) Software Engineer
12 11 (2.06%) Infrastructure Architect
12 11 (2.06%) Mainframe Programmer
12 11 (2.06%) Mainframe Systems Programmer
12 11 (2.06%) Systems Administrator
12 11 (2.06%) Systems Engineer
12 11 (2.06%) Technical Leader
13 10 (1.87%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (8.43%) REST
2 40 (7.49%) SOAP
3 37 (6.93%) Middleware
4 34 (6.37%) Web Services
5 28 (5.24%) XML
6 27 (5.06%) J2EE
7 23 (4.31%) IBM Integration Bus
8 22 (4.12%) Kafka
9 21 (3.93%) Spring Boot
9 21 (3.93%) WebSphere MQ
10 20 (3.75%) RESTful
10 20 (3.75%) Spring
11 19 (3.56%) ISPF
11 19 (3.56%) JSON
12 16 (3.00%) .NET
13 15 (2.81%) Node.js
14 13 (2.43%) Gherkin
15 11 (2.06%) JMS
15 11 (2.06%) LDAP
16 10 (1.87%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 46 (8.61%) Mainframe
2 41 (7.68%) Analytical Skills
3 31 (5.81%) Management Information System
4 28 (5.24%) Data Centre
5 25 (4.68%) Clustering
6 19 (3.56%) Replication
7 15 (2.81%) LPAR
8 14 (2.62%) Linux Command Line
9 11 (2.06%) DataPower
10 10 (1.87%) EMC VMAX
11 9 (1.69%) IBM Mainframe
11 9 (1.69%) Self-Motivation
11 9 (1.69%) Virtual Team
12 8 (1.50%) Cloud Native
12 8 (1.50%) PKI
13 6 (1.12%) Greenfield Project
13 6 (1.12%) Hybrid Cloud
13 6 (1.12%) NHS
14 5 (0.94%) EMC VNX
14 5 (0.94%) HP StoreVirtual
Operating Systems
1 120 (22.47%) Linux
2 111 (20.79%) Unix
3 80 (14.98%) Windows
4 49 (9.18%) AIX
5 40 (7.49%) zOS
6 29 (5.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 18 (3.37%) Windows Server
8 15 (2.81%) Solaris
9 8 (1.50%) Windows Server 2016
10 7 (1.31%) Android
10 7 (1.31%) Windows Server 2012
11 6 (1.12%) Apple iOS
11 6 (1.12%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (0.94%) Data ONTAP
13 4 (0.75%) MVS
13 4 (0.75%) Oracle Linux
13 4 (0.75%) Windows Server 2019
14 2 (0.37%) Windows 10
15 1 (0.19%) CentOS
15 1 (0.19%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 141 (26.40%) Agile Software Development
2 73 (13.67%) Migration
3 60 (11.24%) Problem-Solving
4 50 (9.36%) DevOps
5 48 (8.99%) ETL
6 37 (6.93%) Software Engineering
7 35 (6.55%) Analytics
8 32 (5.99%) ITIL
9 30 (5.62%) Scrum
10 28 (5.24%) Microservices
10 28 (5.24%) Test Automation
11 27 (5.06%) TOGAF
12 26 (4.87%) Business Intelligence
12 26 (4.87%) Data Modelling
12 26 (4.87%) Performance Tuning
12 26 (4.87%) Workflow
13 24 (4.49%) E-Commerce
14 23 (4.31%) Change Management
15 22 (4.12%) BDD
15 22 (4.12%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 142 (26.59%) SQL
2 127 (23.78%) Java
3 60 (11.24%) Shell Script
4 50 (9.36%) Python
5 44 (8.24%) PL/SQL
6 35 (6.55%) Perl
7 34 (6.37%) C
8 28 (5.24%) JavaScript
9 27 (5.06%) JCL
10 18 (3.37%) Bash Shell
11 17 (3.18%) C#
12 16 (3.00%) Korn
12 16 (3.00%) PowerShell
13 14 (2.62%) C++
14 8 (1.50%) COBOL
14 8 (1.50%) REXX
15 7 (1.31%) Java 8
16 6 (1.12%) Assembly Language
17 5 (0.94%) PHP
18 4 (0.75%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 75 (14.04%) Security Cleared
2 67 (12.55%) SC Cleared
3 28 (5.24%) Degree
4 15 (2.81%) BPSS Clearance
5 11 (2.06%) TOGAF Certification
6 10 (1.87%) CISSP
7 8 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
8 6 (1.12%) DBS Check
9 5 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
9 5 (0.94%) RHCA
10 4 (0.75%) CISM
10 4 (0.75%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.75%) MCSE
11 3 (0.56%) CISA
11 3 (0.56%) CREST Certified
11 3 (0.56%) IISP
11 3 (0.56%) ISEB
11 3 (0.56%) ISTQB
11 3 (0.56%) VERITAS Certified Professional (VCP)
11 3 (0.56%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (3.18%) QA
2 12 (2.25%) NIST
3 11 (2.06%) GDPR
4 9 (1.69%) PCI DSS
5 8 (1.50%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 7 (1.31%) Data Quality
7 6 (1.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (1.12%) SLA
8 4 (0.75%) ISAE 3402
8 4 (0.75%) ISO 22301
8 4 (0.75%) ISO 31000
8 4 (0.75%) ISO 9001
8 4 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27005
8 4 (0.75%) PMO
9 3 (0.56%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.19%) COBIT
10 1 (0.19%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.19%) IFRS
10 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.19%) SEPA
System Software
1 35 (6.55%) VMware Infrastructure
2 26 (4.87%) Docker
3 21 (3.93%) Active Directory
3 21 (3.93%) Time Sharing Option
4 17 (3.18%) GPFS
5 14 (2.62%) PowerHA
5 14 (2.62%) VMware ESXi
6 9 (1.69%) NFS
7 8 (1.50%) vSphere
8 7 (1.31%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 6 (1.12%) RACF
10 5 (0.94%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
11 4 (0.75%) ACF2
11 4 (0.75%) Hyper-V
11 4 (0.75%) Microcode
12 3 (0.56%) Microsoft App-V
12 3 (0.56%) Platform Symphony
12 3 (0.56%) XenApp
12 3 (0.56%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 30 (5.62%) Tivoli
2 24 (4.49%) Kubernetes
3 18 (3.37%) Terraform
4 14 (2.62%) NetBackup
5 13 (2.43%) Netcool
5 13 (2.43%) Tivoli Storage Manager
6 12 (2.25%) HP ALM
7 10 (1.87%) Netcool/OMNIbus
7 10 (1.87%) Netcool/Webtop
8 9 (1.69%) Ansible
9 8 (1.50%) Avamar
10 7 (1.31%) Prometheus
11 6 (1.12%) EMC NetWorker
11 6 (1.12%) OMEGAMON
11 6 (1.12%) QRadar
12 5 (0.94%) Nagios
13 4 (0.75%) Control-M
13 4 (0.75%) Nessus
13 4 (0.75%) Oracle RMAN
13 4 (0.75%) Tivoli Identity Manager
Vendors
1 164 (30.71%) Oracle
2 56 (10.49%) Microsoft
3 54 (10.11%) VMware
4 41 (7.68%) Red Hat
5 36 (6.74%) CA
6 31 (5.81%) Cisco
7 29 (5.43%) HP
8 27 (5.06%) Splunk
9 26 (4.87%) EMC
10 24 (4.49%) Dell
11 22 (4.12%) SAP
12 16 (3.00%) Google
12 16 (3.00%) MuleSoft
13 15 (2.81%) NetApp
14 13 (2.43%) Cognos
14 13 (2.43%) Veritas
15 12 (2.25%) Brocade
15 12 (2.25%) Citrix
15 12 (2.25%) Informatica
16 11 (2.06%) Salesforce.com