Period
to 28 January 2022

The table below provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of IBM products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IBM over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

The figures below represent the IT contractor job market in general and are not representative of contractor rates within the International Business Machines Corporation.

IBM
UK
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 257 214 238
Rank change year-on-year -43 +24 -31
Contract jobs citing IBM 944 532 809
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.08% 1.25% 1.12%
As % of the Vendors category 2.76% 2.94% 2.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 549 283 491
10th Percentile £340 £340 £309
25th Percentile £425 £413 £387
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £613 £560 £560
90th Percentile £700 £625 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 21 11
10th Percentile £15.75 £31.25 £23.25
25th Percentile £24.00 £31.50 £31.38
Median hourly rate £39.50 £41.00 £33.00
Median % change year-on-year -3.66% +24.24% -19.51%
75th Percentile £42.75 £60.00 £40.00
90th Percentile £44.81 - £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.50 £39.00 £33.00
% change year-on-year +1.28% +18.18% -22.35%

IBM is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 34,203 18,125 30,815
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.96% 42.52% 42.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,467 11,578 19,547
10th Percentile £270 £250 £216
25th Percentile £406 £363 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £463 £450
Median % change year-on-year +10.81% +2.78% -
75th Percentile £614 £563 £550
90th Percentile £700 £648 £644
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 922 626 1,269
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.12 £11.80
25th Percentile £14.25 £15.00 £14.33
Median hourly rate £20.00 £24.75 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year -19.19% +32.35% +6.86%
75th Percentile £43.75 £47.50 £35.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £60.13 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £21.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -14.29% +20.00% +6.06%

IBM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IBM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IBM.

Daily rate trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IBM over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for IBM in the UK

IBM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IBM.

Hourly rate trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IBM over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for IBM in the UK

IBM
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IBM within the UK over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -42 694 £525 +10.53% 162
UK excluding London -44 358 £475 - 113
London -53 338 £550 +15.79% 66
Work from Home -54 292 £540 +8.00% 15
South East -26 116 £500 -4.49% 20
North of England -38 79 £425 +6.25% 31
Midlands -46 50 £450 -5.26% 28
North West -26 40 £425 -5.56% 13
West Midlands -37 40 £450 -4.76% 25
Scotland -53 36 £560 +24.44% 15
Yorkshire -28 32 £413 +17.86% 16
East of England -43 29 £463 +2.78% 10
Wales -24 26 £503 +1.11% 2
South West -42 19 £555 -5.53% 7
East Midlands -25 8 £525 +10.53% 3
North East -4 7 £500 +2.56% 2
Northern Ireland -6 4 - -

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing IBM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IBM.

1 210 (22.25%) Social Skills
2 206 (21.82%) Agile Software Development
3 198 (20.97%) Finance
4 191 (20.23%) Linux
5 183 (19.39%) SQL
6 173 (18.33%) Java
7 165 (17.48%) Windows
8 162 (17.16%) Oracle
9 148 (15.68%) Microsoft
9 148 (15.68%) Azure
10 137 (14.51%) Banking
11 136 (14.41%) DevOps
12 131 (13.88%) AWS
13 112 (11.86%) Migration
13 112 (11.86%) Unix
14 100 (10.59%) WebSphere
15 99 (10.49%) Problem-Solving
16 97 (10.28%) Security Cleared
17 91 (9.64%) ITIL
17 91 (9.64%) Data Modelling
18 88 (9.32%) VMware
19 87 (9.22%) Python
20 85 (9.00%) Middleware
20 85 (9.00%) Workflow
21 82 (8.69%) Stakeholder Management
22 81 (8.58%) JIRA
23 80 (8.47%) SC Cleared
24 78 (8.26%) Kubernetes
25 75 (7.94%) Jenkins
26 74 (7.84%) Analytics

IBM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 100 (10.59%) WebSphere
2 48 (5.08%) SharePoint
3 44 (4.66%) Confluence
4 41 (4.34%) WebSphere Application Server
5 31 (3.28%) IBM Notes
6 28 (2.97%) CICS
7 26 (2.75%) SAS
8 21 (2.22%) Tomcat
9 20 (2.12%) Apache
10 19 (2.01%) JBoss
11 18 (1.91%) Apache Spark
12 16 (1.69%) IBM HTTP Server
13 12 (1.27%) IIS
13 12 (1.27%) OpenStack
14 11 (1.17%) Appian
15 10 (1.06%) Oracle Workflow
16 9 (0.95%) FileNet
17 8 (0.85%) CMS
18 5 (0.53%) Documentum
18 5 (0.53%) nginx
Applications
1 42 (4.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (4.24%) Microsoft Office
3 32 (3.39%) MS Visio
4 26 (2.75%) Chatbot
5 14 (1.48%) Simulink
6 10 (1.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.32%) Sketch
8 2 (0.21%) Notepad++
8 2 (0.21%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.21%) Weka
9 1 (0.11%) InVision
9 1 (0.11%) OmniGraffle
9 1 (0.11%) SPSS
9 1 (0.11%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 30 (3.18%) Maximo
2 17 (1.80%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 16 (1.69%) IBM Planning Analytics
4 9 (0.95%) Oracle BPM
4 9 (0.95%) Remedy ITSM
5 5 (0.53%) Magento
6 4 (0.42%) Oracle Applications
6 4 (0.42%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.42%) Oracle EBS R12
7 3 (0.32%) Misys Midas
7 3 (0.32%) Oracle Cash Management
7 3 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.32%) Sentinel
7 3 (0.32%) Shopify
8 2 (0.21%) Cognos Controller
8 2 (0.21%) Documaker
8 2 (0.21%) Exstream
9 1 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
9 1 (0.11%) Loan IQ
9 1 (0.11%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 148 (15.68%) Azure
2 131 (13.88%) AWS
3 58 (6.14%) OpenShift
4 50 (5.30%) GCP
5 48 (5.08%) IBM Cloud
6 44 (4.66%) GitHub
7 40 (4.24%) Power Platform
8 35 (3.71%) PaaS
9 31 (3.28%) IaaS
10 24 (2.54%) SaaS
11 19 (2.01%) Azure Synapse Analytics
12 18 (1.91%) Azure LUIS
12 18 (1.91%) Dialogflow
13 16 (1.69%) Microsoft 365
14 15 (1.59%) Amazon EC2
14 15 (1.59%) Serverless
15 14 (1.48%) AWS Lambda
16 13 (1.38%) Collibra
17 11 (1.17%) Apigee
17 11 (1.17%) Azure Sentinel
Communications & Networking
1 58 (6.14%) SAN
2 48 (5.08%) Firewall
3 42 (4.45%) DNS
4 39 (4.13%) TCP/IP
5 30 (3.18%) HTTP
6 29 (3.07%) SSL
7 25 (2.65%) WAN
8 22 (2.33%) NAS
9 21 (2.22%) VPN
10 20 (2.12%) FTP
10 20 (2.12%) LAN
11 13 (1.38%) DHCP
11 13 (1.38%) Fibre Channel
11 13 (1.38%) Wireless
12 11 (1.17%) Internet
12 11 (1.17%) iSCSI
13 9 (0.95%) Kerberos
13 9 (0.95%) NetScaler
13 9 (0.95%) SNMP
14 7 (0.74%) FIX Connectivity
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (6.99%) DB2
2 44 (4.66%) Data Warehouse
3 40 (4.24%) Oracle Database
4 39 (4.13%) DataStage
5 37 (3.92%) Power BI
6 36 (3.81%) Tableau
7 33 (3.50%) SQL Server
8 31 (3.28%) IBM InfoSphere
9 27 (2.86%) Big Data
10 25 (2.65%) PostgreSQL
11 19 (2.01%) BusinessObjects
12 17 (1.80%) GIS
13 16 (1.69%) Relational Database
14 15 (1.59%) Geospatial Data
14 15 (1.59%) Metadata
14 15 (1.59%) Microsoft Analysis Services
14 15 (1.59%) MongoDB
15 12 (1.27%) Oracle Database 12c
16 11 (1.17%) Lumira
16 11 (1.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 81 (8.58%) JIRA
2 75 (7.94%) Jenkins
3 56 (5.93%) Git (software)
4 30 (3.18%) PowerDesigner
5 23 (2.44%) ERwin
6 17 (1.80%) Travis CI
7 16 (1.69%) Rational Rhapsody
7 16 (1.69%) Subversion
7 16 (1.69%) TeamCity
8 15 (1.59%) Eclipse
8 15 (1.59%) GitLab
8 15 (1.59%) IBM UrbanCode
9 14 (1.48%) Artifactory
10 13 (1.38%) JUnit
10 13 (1.38%) Selenium
11 12 (1.27%) Bitbucket
11 12 (1.27%) ClearCase
11 12 (1.27%) Maven
12 9 (0.95%) Gradle
12 9 (0.95%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 210 (22.25%) Social Skills
2 198 (20.97%) Finance
3 137 (14.51%) Banking
4 67 (7.10%) Analytical Skills
5 40 (4.24%) Public Sector
6 36 (3.81%) Retail
7 30 (3.18%) Investment Banking
8 28 (2.97%) Retail Banking
9 22 (2.33%) Telecoms
10 21 (2.22%) Front Office
11 16 (1.69%) Presentation Skills
12 15 (1.59%) Documentation Skills
13 14 (1.48%) Influencing Skills
13 14 (1.48%) Law
14 12 (1.27%) Organisational Skills
15 10 (1.06%) Back Office
15 10 (1.06%) Financial Institution
16 7 (0.74%) Automotive
17 6 (0.64%) Legal
17 6 (0.64%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 176 (18.64%) Developer
2 140 (14.83%) Architect
3 122 (12.92%) Analyst
4 60 (6.36%) Consultant
5 55 (5.83%) Java Developer
6 54 (5.72%) Administrator
7 51 (5.40%) Business Analyst
8 43 (4.56%) Solutions Architect
9 37 (3.92%) Project Manager
10 32 (3.39%) Data Architect
11 26 (2.75%) Applications Support
12 22 (2.33%) Programmer
12 22 (2.33%) Technical Leader
13 20 (2.12%) Systems Programmer
14 19 (2.01%) Support Engineer
15 17 (1.80%) Cloud Developer
16 16 (1.69%) Data Modeller
16 16 (1.69%) Software Engineer
17 15 (1.59%) Data Analyst
17 15 (1.59%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (9.00%) Middleware
2 72 (7.63%) REST
3 66 (6.99%) XML
4 53 (5.61%) Web Services
5 48 (5.08%) Spring
6 41 (4.34%) SOAP
7 39 (4.13%) WebSphere MQ
8 38 (4.03%) Kafka
9 36 (3.81%) .NET
10 35 (3.71%) JSON
11 34 (3.60%) Node.js
11 34 (3.60%) React
12 33 (3.50%) HTML
13 32 (3.39%) LDAP
14 31 (3.28%) RESTful
15 30 (3.18%) J2EE
16 27 (2.86%) Spring Boot
17 25 (2.65%) JMS
18 19 (2.01%) Hibernate
19 18 (1.91%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 71 (7.52%) Mainframe
2 48 (5.08%) Data Centre
2 48 (5.08%) Management Information System
3 35 (3.71%) Replication
4 30 (3.18%) Clustering
5 29 (3.07%) Public Cloud
6 27 (2.86%) DataPower
7 26 (2.75%) IBM Mainframe
8 20 (2.12%) Legacy Systems
8 20 (2.12%) Linux Command Line
9 19 (2.01%) Private Cloud
10 18 (1.91%) Derivative
10 18 (1.91%) Virtual Team
11 15 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
12 14 (1.48%) PKI
13 13 (1.38%) EMC VMAX
14 12 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
15 11 (1.17%) iSeries
15 11 (1.17%) User Experience
16 10 (1.06%) Equity Risk
Operating Systems
1 191 (20.23%) Linux
2 165 (17.48%) Windows
3 112 (11.86%) Unix
4 65 (6.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 47 (4.98%) Windows Server
6 41 (4.34%) zOS
7 35 (3.71%) AIX
8 25 (2.65%) Solaris
8 25 (2.65%) Windows Server 2008
9 16 (1.69%) Windows Server 2019
10 15 (1.59%) Windows Server 2012
11 14 (1.48%) Windows Server 2016
12 11 (1.17%) Windows Server 2003
13 10 (1.06%) VMS
14 9 (0.95%) Android
15 8 (0.85%) Oracle Linux
15 8 (0.85%) SUSE
15 8 (0.85%) Ubuntu
15 8 (0.85%) Windows 10
15 8 (0.85%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 206 (21.82%) Agile Software Development
2 136 (14.41%) DevOps
3 112 (11.86%) Migration
4 99 (10.49%) Problem-Solving
5 91 (9.64%) Data Modelling
5 91 (9.64%) ITIL
6 85 (9.00%) Workflow
7 82 (8.69%) Stakeholder Management
8 74 (7.84%) Analytics
8 74 (7.84%) ETL
9 73 (7.73%) Requirements Gathering
10 71 (7.52%) CI/CD
11 65 (6.89%) Project Management
12 64 (6.78%) Scrum
13 63 (6.67%) Business Intelligence
14 62 (6.57%) Disaster Recovery
15 58 (6.14%) Change Management
16 57 (6.04%) Project Delivery
17 53 (5.61%) Microservices
18 52 (5.51%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 183 (19.39%) SQL
2 173 (18.33%) Java
3 87 (9.22%) Python
4 56 (5.93%) JavaScript
4 56 (5.93%) Shell Script
5 48 (5.08%) PowerShell
6 40 (4.24%) Bash
6 40 (4.24%) JCL
7 30 (3.18%) Perl
8 29 (3.07%) COBOL
9 24 (2.54%) C#
9 24 (2.54%) REXX
10 18 (1.91%) PL/SQL
11 17 (1.80%) Assembly Language
12 15 (1.59%) C
13 14 (1.48%) MATLAB
14 13 (1.38%) Java 8
15 12 (1.27%) TypeScript
16 11 (1.17%) VBA
17 10 (1.06%) Rust
Qualifications
1 97 (10.28%) Security Cleared
2 80 (8.47%) SC Cleared
3 47 (4.98%) Degree
4 21 (2.22%) ITIL Certification
5 19 (2.01%) CISSP
6 17 (1.80%) Microsoft Certification
7 14 (1.48%) IBM Certification
7 14 (1.48%) MCSE
7 14 (1.48%) PMP
8 13 (1.38%) BPSS Clearance
9 12 (1.27%) DV Cleared
9 12 (1.27%) PMI Certification
10 11 (1.17%) Cisco Certification
10 11 (1.17%) Computer Science Degree
10 11 (1.17%) Master's Degree
11 10 (1.06%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 9 (0.95%) TOGAF Certification
13 5 (0.53%) CEH
13 5 (0.53%) CSSLP
13 5 (0.53%) VERITAS Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (3.60%) QA
2 26 (2.75%) Data Quality
3 23 (2.44%) SLA
4 21 (2.22%) GDPR
5 13 (1.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 13 (1.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 11 (1.17%) NIST
7 10 (1.06%) NCSC
8 7 (0.74%) Accessibility
9 6 (0.64%) PMO
10 5 (0.53%) Actionable Recommendations
10 5 (0.53%) PCI DSS
11 4 (0.42%) ISO 20022
12 3 (0.32%) ISO 15022
13 2 (0.21%) COBIT
13 2 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
13 2 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 2 (0.21%) IFRS
13 2 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 19770
13 2 (0.21%) ITGC
System Software
1 71 (7.52%) Docker
2 63 (6.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 50 (5.30%) Active Directory
4 32 (3.39%) VMware ESXi
5 26 (2.75%) RACF
6 21 (2.22%) NFS
7 19 (2.01%) Virtual Machines
8 16 (1.69%) Time Sharing Option
9 15 (1.59%) Hyper-V
10 14 (1.48%) vSphere
11 12 (1.27%) VMware NSX
12 11 (1.17%) Oracle RAC
13 10 (1.06%) SRDF
13 10 (1.06%) Veritas Volume Manager
14 9 (0.95%) Firmware
14 9 (0.95%) Veritas File System
15 7 (0.74%) vCloud
15 7 (0.74%) Virtual Servers
16 6 (0.64%) ACF2
16 6 (0.64%) Job Entry Subsystem
Systems Management
1 78 (8.26%) Kubernetes
2 59 (6.25%) Ansible
3 50 (5.30%) Tivoli
4 30 (3.18%) Terraform
5 26 (2.75%) QRadar
6 23 (2.44%) Tivoli Storage Manager
7 22 (2.33%) Netcool
8 19 (2.01%) Puppet
9 17 (1.80%) Single Sign-On
10 16 (1.69%) Control-M
11 14 (1.48%) NetBackup
11 14 (1.48%) vCenter Server
12 11 (1.17%) Amdocs OSS
12 11 (1.17%) EMC NetWorker
13 10 (1.06%) Kibana
13 10 (1.06%) Microsoft Clustering
13 10 (1.06%) Nagios
13 10 (1.06%) Netcool/OMNIbus
14 9 (0.95%) Failover Clustering
14 9 (0.95%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 162 (17.16%) Oracle
2 148 (15.68%) Microsoft
3 88 (9.32%) VMware
4 73 (7.73%) Red Hat
5 72 (7.63%) HP
6 51 (5.40%) Google
7 49 (5.19%) SAP
7 49 (5.19%) ServiceNow
8 46 (4.87%) EMC
9 40 (4.24%) CA
9 40 (4.24%) Cisco
10 39 (4.13%) Splunk
11 36 (3.81%) BMC
11 36 (3.81%) Dell
12 30 (3.18%) Cognos
13 28 (2.97%) Citrix
14 26 (2.75%) Informatica
15 25 (2.65%) BiZZdesign
15 25 (2.65%) Salesforce.com
15 25 (2.65%) Veritas