Period
to

The table below provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of IBM products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IBM over the 6 months to 30 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

The figures below represent the IT contractor job market in general and are not representative of contractor rates within the International Business Machines Corporation.

IBM
UK
6 months to
30 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 229 226 202
Rank change year-on-year -3 -24 -5
Contract jobs citing IBM 1,037 792 560
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.17% 1.21% 1.36%
As % of the Vendors category 2.88% 2.93% 3.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 671 442 304
10th Percentile £406 £363 £313
25th Percentile £475 £425 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £650 £575 £550
90th Percentile £750 £688 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £473 £463
% change year-on-year +5.82% +2.16% +5.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 18 16
10th Percentile £41.60 £29.75 £13.19
25th Percentile £51.25 £38.75 £21.81
Median hourly rate £55.00 £50.25 £34.00
Median % change year-on-year +9.45% +47.79% -20.00%
75th Percentile - £54.38 £50.00
90th Percentile £78.20 £62.38 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £50.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +8.91% +44.29% -17.65%

IBM is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 36,059 27,054 17,541
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.74% 41.50% 42.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,168 17,356 11,091
10th Percentile £300 £300 £250
25th Percentile £420 £400 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £463
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% +7.03% +1.65%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £680 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £443 £445
% change year-on-year +7.34% -0.56% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 849 772 629
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.25 £11.66
25th Percentile £15.25 £13.63 £14.50
Median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £19.50
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +4.28%
75th Percentile £48.59 £42.54 £34.66
90th Percentile £66.00 £55.45 £52.12
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.51 £18.00 £18.50
% change year-on-year +8.39% -2.70% +5.71%

IBM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IBM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IBM.

Daily rate trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IBM over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for IBM in the UK

IBM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IBM.

Hourly rate trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IBM over the 6 months to 30 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for IBM in the UK

IBM
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IBM within the UK over the 6 months to 30 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -15 802 £575 +14.43% 139
Work from Home -14 533 £550 +10.00% 46
London -8 446 £600 +9.09% 41
UK excluding London -38 322 £500 +5.82% 101
South East +19 126 £550 +10.46% 33
North of England -60 52 £450 +5.88% 15
Scotland -4 47 £450 -2.33% 6
East of England -11 40 £486 -5.12% 12
Midlands -60 38 £525 +17.98% 20
North West -36 29 £500 +33.33% 12
Yorkshire -28 28 £450 -10.00% 3
West Midlands -51 24 £563 +12.50% 13
East Midlands -18 14 £465 +16.25% 7
Wales -9 11 £525 +13.51% 2
South West -32 11 £631 +9.78% 13
North East -4 9 £463 +8.82%

For the 6 months to 30 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing IBM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IBM.

1 288 (27.77%) Linux
2 269 (25.94%) Java
3 243 (23.43%) Finance
3 243 (23.43%) Agile
4 239 (23.05%) Social Skills
5 233 (22.47%) Oracle
6 232 (22.37%) Windows
7 224 (21.60%) SQL
8 219 (21.12%) DevOps
9 209 (20.15%) Microsoft
10 203 (19.58%) Unix
11 199 (19.19%) AWS
12 188 (18.13%) Banking
13 183 (17.65%) WebSphere
14 179 (17.26%) Azure
15 136 (13.11%) Middleware
16 134 (12.92%) Security Cleared
17 133 (12.83%) Migration
17 133 (12.83%) Microservices
18 123 (11.86%) VMware
19 121 (11.67%) CI/CD
20 119 (11.48%) SC Cleared
21 112 (10.80%) Kubernetes
22 109 (10.51%) Stakeholder Management
23 106 (10.22%) GCP
23 106 (10.22%) Jenkins
24 105 (10.13%) Ansible
24 105 (10.13%) Docker
25 104 (10.03%) Problem-Solving
26 101 (9.74%) Spring

IBM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 183 (17.65%) WebSphere
2 97 (9.35%) WebSphere Application Server
3 56 (5.40%) Tomcat
4 40 (3.86%) Confluence
5 36 (3.47%) WebLogic
6 32 (3.09%) IBM HTTP Server
6 32 (3.09%) Oracle Coherence
7 30 (2.89%) SAS
8 28 (2.70%) Apache
9 24 (2.31%) SharePoint
10 22 (2.12%) MQSeries
11 16 (1.54%) FileNet
12 15 (1.45%) IIS
12 15 (1.45%) MS Exchange
13 14 (1.35%) OpenStack
14 13 (1.25%) CICS
15 12 (1.16%) IBM Domino
15 12 (1.16%) JBoss
16 11 (1.06%) Apache Spark
17 9 (0.87%) ThingWorx
Applications
1 41 (3.95%) Microsoft Office
2 23 (2.22%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (2.03%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 14 (1.35%) Simulink
5 11 (1.06%) Chatbot
6 10 (0.96%) MS Visio
7 6 (0.58%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.39%) OmniGraffle
9 1 (0.096%) CATIA
9 1 (0.096%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.096%) Sketch
9 1 (0.096%) Snagit
9 1 (0.096%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.096%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 29 (2.80%) Maximo
2 18 (1.74%) Oracle 11i
3 11 (1.06%) IBM Planning Analytics
4 8 (0.77%) Markit EDM
4 8 (0.77%) Oracle BPM
4 8 (0.77%) thinkFolio
5 7 (0.68%) Shopify
6 6 (0.58%) Temenos T24
7 5 (0.48%) Oracle Applications
7 5 (0.48%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.48%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.39%) Magento
9 3 (0.29%) Cognos Planning
9 3 (0.29%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 3 (0.29%) SAP BPC
10 2 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
10 2 (0.19%) SAP PLM
10 2 (0.19%) Teamcenter
11 1 (0.096%) BusinessWorks
11 1 (0.096%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 199 (19.19%) AWS
2 179 (17.26%) Azure
3 106 (10.22%) GCP
4 53 (5.11%) GitHub
4 53 (5.11%) IBM Cloud
4 53 (5.11%) OpenShift
5 50 (4.82%) PaaS
6 39 (3.76%) IaaS
7 33 (3.18%) SaaS
8 28 (2.70%) Amazon EC2
8 28 (2.70%) Serverless
9 26 (2.51%) AWS Lambda
10 25 (2.41%) Amazon S3
10 25 (2.41%) Amazon SQS
11 23 (2.22%) Microsoft 365
12 21 (2.03%) Azure Active Directory
13 16 (1.54%) Amazon EKS
13 16 (1.54%) Apigee
14 15 (1.45%) Power Platform
15 12 (1.16%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 82 (7.91%) Firewall
2 67 (6.46%) SAN
3 64 (6.17%) SSL
4 56 (5.40%) HTTP
5 40 (3.86%) DNS
6 26 (2.51%) LAN
6 26 (2.51%) TCP/IP
6 26 (2.51%) WAN
7 24 (2.31%) VPN
8 20 (1.93%) NAS
9 19 (1.83%) Kerberos
10 17 (1.64%) DHCP
11 15 (1.45%) Internet
12 14 (1.35%) Wireless
13 13 (1.25%) IPsec
14 12 (1.16%) Fibre Channel
15 11 (1.06%) IKE
16 10 (0.96%) DMZ
16 10 (0.96%) iSCSI
17 8 (0.77%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 92 (8.87%) DB2
2 80 (7.71%) Relational Database
3 65 (6.27%) SQL Server
4 54 (5.21%) Oracle Database
5 45 (4.34%) MongoDB
6 39 (3.76%) NoSQL
6 39 (3.76%) Oracle Database 12c
7 33 (3.18%) Big Data
8 31 (2.99%) RDBMS
9 24 (2.31%) Apache Cassandra
10 23 (2.22%) IBM InfoSphere
10 23 (2.22%) MySQL
11 21 (2.03%) DynamoDB
12 20 (1.93%) Oracle Database 11g
13 18 (1.74%) DataStage
13 18 (1.74%) Oracle Database 10g
13 18 (1.74%) Oracle9i Database
14 17 (1.64%) Data Warehouse
15 15 (1.45%) Power BI
16 13 (1.25%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 106 (10.22%) Jenkins
2 97 (9.35%) Git (software)
3 75 (7.23%) JIRA
4 48 (4.63%) GitLab
4 48 (4.63%) IBM UrbanCode
5 43 (4.15%) Bitbucket
6 38 (3.66%) Maven
7 36 (3.47%) SonarQube
8 32 (3.09%) Eclipse
9 30 (2.89%) JUnit
10 28 (2.70%) Artifactory
11 25 (2.41%) IntelliJ
12 21 (2.03%) Gradle
12 21 (2.03%) TeamCity
13 20 (1.93%) Visual Studio
14 19 (1.83%) Sonatype Nexus
15 17 (1.64%) ClearCase
15 17 (1.64%) Mockito
16 15 (1.45%) ClearQuest
16 15 (1.45%) Rational Rhapsody
General
1 243 (23.43%) Finance
2 239 (23.05%) Social Skills
3 188 (18.13%) Banking
4 69 (6.65%) Analytical Skills
5 67 (6.46%) Public Sector
6 50 (4.82%) Retail Banking
7 32 (3.09%) Investment Banking
8 27 (2.60%) Retail
9 19 (1.83%) Documentation Skills
9 19 (1.83%) Presentation Skills
10 16 (1.54%) Organisational Skills
10 16 (1.54%) Telecoms
11 13 (1.25%) Influencing Skills
12 12 (1.16%) Front Office
12 12 (1.16%) Legal
13 11 (1.06%) Games
14 9 (0.87%) Law
14 9 (0.87%) Manufacturing
15 8 (0.77%) Aerospace
16 7 (0.68%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 206 (19.86%) Developer
2 179 (17.26%) Architect
3 85 (8.20%) Analyst
4 80 (7.71%) Java Developer
5 52 (5.01%) Solutions Architect
6 51 (4.92%) Project Manager
7 48 (4.63%) Consultant
7 48 (4.63%) Infrastructure Architect
8 42 (4.05%) Administrator
9 30 (2.89%) Middleware Developer
10 28 (2.70%) DevOps Developer
11 27 (2.60%) DevOps Engineer
12 26 (2.51%) Business Analyst
13 25 (2.41%) Technical Leader
14 24 (2.31%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 24 (2.31%) Senior Developer
15 23 (2.22%) Technical Specialist
16 22 (2.12%) Lead Architect
17 20 (1.93%) Full Stack Developer
17 20 (1.93%) Middleware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 136 (13.11%) Middleware
2 101 (9.74%) Spring
3 92 (8.87%) REST
4 90 (8.68%) Kafka
5 80 (7.71%) WebSphere MQ
6 78 (7.52%) XML
7 59 (5.69%) Web Services
8 58 (5.59%) IBM Integration Bus
9 57 (5.50%) Spring Boot
10 51 (4.92%) RabbitMQ
11 50 (4.82%) JSON
12 47 (4.53%) .NET
13 46 (4.44%) SOAP
14 43 (4.15%) HTML
15 36 (3.47%) J2EE
16 34 (3.28%) LDAP
17 31 (2.99%) RESTful
18 30 (2.89%) Hibernate
19 26 (2.51%) JPA
20 25 (2.41%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 73 (7.04%) Data Centre
2 71 (6.85%) Private Cloud
3 64 (6.17%) Mainframe
4 61 (5.88%) DataPower
5 52 (5.01%) Management Information System
6 50 (4.82%) Public Cloud
7 45 (4.34%) Clustering
8 38 (3.66%) PKI
9 29 (2.80%) Replication
10 27 (2.60%) Enterprise Software
11 23 (2.22%) SWIFT
12 20 (1.93%) Hybrid Cloud
13 19 (1.83%) IBM Mainframe
14 18 (1.74%) Legacy Applications
15 17 (1.64%) Cyberattack
16 16 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
17 14 (1.35%) Greenfield Project
18 13 (1.25%) Derivative
19 12 (1.16%) Data Protection Act
19 12 (1.16%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 288 (27.77%) Linux
2 232 (22.37%) Windows
3 203 (19.58%) Unix
4 93 (8.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 65 (6.27%) Windows Server
6 63 (6.08%) AIX
7 36 (3.47%) zOS
8 31 (2.99%) Windows Server 2012
9 29 (2.80%) Windows Server 2008
10 26 (2.51%) Solaris
11 21 (2.03%) Windows Server 2019
12 19 (1.83%) Windows Server 2016
13 14 (1.35%) Windows Server 2003
14 13 (1.25%) MVS
15 12 (1.16%) HPUX
16 11 (1.06%) Apple iOS
16 11 (1.06%) Oracle Linux
17 10 (0.96%) Android
18 9 (0.87%) CentOS
18 9 (0.87%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 243 (23.43%) Agile
2 219 (21.12%) DevOps
3 133 (12.83%) Microservices
3 133 (12.83%) Migration
4 121 (11.67%) CI/CD
5 109 (10.51%) Stakeholder Management
6 104 (10.03%) Problem-Solving
7 81 (7.81%) Continuous Integration
8 80 (7.71%) ITIL
8 80 (7.71%) Scrum
9 68 (6.56%) Software Engineering
10 66 (6.36%) Test Automation
11 51 (4.92%) Workflow
12 49 (4.73%) Project Delivery
13 46 (4.44%) Data Modelling
13 46 (4.44%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 46 (4.44%) TDD
14 45 (4.34%) Computer Science
15 43 (4.15%) Performance Tuning
16 42 (4.05%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 269 (25.94%) Java
2 224 (21.60%) SQL
3 92 (8.87%) Python
4 60 (5.79%) Bash
4 60 (5.79%) C#
5 57 (5.50%) Shell Script
6 50 (4.82%) JavaScript
7 49 (4.73%) Perl
8 42 (4.05%) C++
9 31 (2.99%) PowerShell
10 29 (2.80%) Korn
11 26 (2.51%) JCL
12 25 (2.41%) PL/SQL
13 23 (2.22%) Assembly Language
13 23 (2.22%) C
13 23 (2.22%) REXX
14 17 (1.64%) CLIST
15 14 (1.35%) MATLAB
16 13 (1.25%) Scala
17 12 (1.16%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 134 (12.92%) Security Cleared
2 119 (11.48%) SC Cleared
3 61 (5.88%) Degree
4 21 (2.03%) BPSS Clearance
5 20 (1.93%) Numerate Degree
6 17 (1.64%) TOGAF Certification
7 15 (1.45%) Microsoft Certification
8 14 (1.35%) Master's Degree
9 13 (1.25%) MCSE
9 13 (1.25%) RHCA
10 9 (0.87%) Computer Science Degree
11 8 (0.77%) OCP
11 8 (0.77%) Oracle Certification
12 7 (0.68%) CISSP
12 7 (0.68%) PMI Certification
12 7 (0.68%) PMP
13 6 (0.58%) LPIC
13 6 (0.58%) RHCE
13 6 (0.58%) RHCT
14 5 (0.48%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (2.89%) QA
2 27 (2.60%) Data Quality
3 15 (1.45%) GDPR
4 11 (1.06%) SEPA
5 10 (0.96%) PMO
5 10 (0.96%) SLA
6 8 (0.77%) NIST
7 7 (0.68%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 6 (0.58%) Accessibility
9 4 (0.39%) Actionable Recommendations
9 4 (0.39%) COBIT
9 4 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.39%) GRC
9 4 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 3 (0.29%) WCAG
11 2 (0.19%) P3O
12 1 (0.096%) FedRAMP
12 1 (0.096%) GxP
12 1 (0.096%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.096%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 105 (10.13%) Docker
2 80 (7.71%) VMware Infrastructure
3 61 (5.88%) Active Directory
4 55 (5.30%) VMware ESXi
5 40 (3.86%) vSphere
6 20 (1.93%) Time Sharing Option
7 18 (1.74%) Virtual Machines
8 14 (1.35%) Hyper-V
9 12 (1.16%) XenApp
10 11 (1.06%) NFS
10 11 (1.06%) vCloud
10 11 (1.06%) VMware Workstation
11 8 (0.77%) XenDesktop
12 6 (0.58%) Firmware
12 6 (0.58%) RACF
12 6 (0.58%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.48%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 5 (0.48%) MetaFrame
14 4 (0.39%) Platform Symphony
14 4 (0.39%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 112 (10.80%) Kubernetes
2 105 (10.13%) Ansible
3 42 (4.05%) Tivoli
4 40 (3.86%) Terraform
5 34 (3.28%) Single Sign-On
6 30 (2.89%) ITRS Geneos
7 25 (2.41%) QRadar
8 23 (2.22%) Tivoli Storage Manager
9 21 (2.03%) SCCM
10 20 (1.93%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 19 (1.83%) Control-M
12 18 (1.74%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
13 16 (1.54%) OMEGAMON
14 14 (1.35%) Puppet
14 14 (1.35%) Rancher
15 13 (1.25%) Tivoli Monitoring
16 12 (1.16%) Docker Swarm
16 12 (1.16%) Mesos
17 11 (1.06%) Kibana
17 11 (1.06%) Tivoli Identity Manager
Vendors
1 233 (22.47%) Oracle
2 209 (20.15%) Microsoft
3 123 (11.86%) VMware
4 66 (6.36%) Google
5 65 (6.27%) Red Hat
6 63 (6.08%) SAP
7 59 (5.69%) HP
8 53 (5.11%) Citrix
9 50 (4.82%) Cisco
10 49 (4.73%) Splunk
11 46 (4.44%) CA
12 45 (4.34%) EMC
13 38 (3.66%) ServiceNow
14 37 (3.57%) Dell
15 35 (3.38%) Dynatrace
16 30 (2.89%) Informatica
17 26 (2.51%) TIBCO
18 23 (2.22%) BT
19 18 (1.74%) Green Hat
19 18 (1.74%) NetApp