Period
to 15 June 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of IBM products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IBM over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

The figures below represent the IT contractor job market in general and are not representative of contractor rates within the International Business Machines Corporation.

IBM
UK
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 216 191 192
Rank change year-on-year -25 +1 -13
Contract jobs citing IBM 745 581 1,327
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.21% 1.33% 1.46%
As % of the Vendors category 2.91% 3.12% 3.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 418 312 785
10th Percentile £362 £314 £330
25th Percentile £419 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £575 £550 £538
90th Percentile £688 £625 £612
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £460 £450
% change year-on-year +0.54% +2.22% +4.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 16 22
10th Percentile £35.00 £13.19 £25.00
25th Percentile £35.63 £16.72 £39.13
Median hourly rate £47.50 £33.00 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +43.94% -22.35% +107.32%
75th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £43.75
90th Percentile £60.00 " £46.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £33.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +51.52% -22.35% +117.95%

IBM is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 25,582 18,627 37,804
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.45% 42.71% 41.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,408 11,723 23,729
10th Percentile £300 £250 £256
25th Percentile £396 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £455 £460
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% -1.09% +2.22%
75th Percentile £588 £569 £563
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £445 £425
% change year-on-year -1.12% +4.71% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 735 708 1,261
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.75 £11.00
25th Percentile £13.63 £14.50 £13.00
Median hourly rate £20.50 £19.50 £18.06
Median % change year-on-year +5.13% +8.00% +4.36%
75th Percentile £43.75 £33.56 £36.67
90th Percentile £55.00 £51.75 £49.82
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £18.50 £17.25
% change year-on-year -2.68% +7.22% +8.76%

IBM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IBM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IBM.

Daily rate trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IBM over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IBM in the UK

IBM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IBM.

Hourly rate trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IBM over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for IBM in the UK

IBM
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IBM within the UK over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 588 £500 +5.26% 122
London +16 299 £543 +10.71% 44
UK excluding London -55 294 £463 +0.54% 86
Work from Home -94 215 £490 -6.67% 25
South East -43 78 £500 +5.04% 15
North of England +18 61 £375 -16.67% 26
Midlands -22 47 £445 -1.66% 15
Scotland -61 36 £473 +14.20% 6
North West +6 35 £375 -16.67% 18
East of England +11 33 £501 +7.22% 15
West Midlands -14 33 £500 +11.11% 10
South West -2 23 £563 +18.42% 7
Yorkshire +10 17 £450 - 7
Wales -1 14 £450 -10.00% 2
East Midlands -5 13 £400 -15.79% 5
North East +22 9 £394 -24.69% 1
Northern Ireland +2 2 - -

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IBM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IBM.

1 225 (30.20%) Agile Software Development
2 218 (29.26%) Java
3 190 (25.50%) Oracle
4 186 (24.97%) Social Skills
5 181 (24.30%) SQL
6 165 (22.15%) Linux
7 148 (19.87%) AWS
8 138 (18.52%) DevOps
9 135 (18.12%) Finance
10 131 (17.58%) Windows
11 123 (16.51%) Azure
12 120 (16.11%) Unix
13 119 (15.97%) Banking
14 106 (14.23%) Python
15 104 (13.96%) Microsoft
16 99 (13.29%) VMware
16 99 (13.29%) Jenkins
17 91 (12.21%) WebSphere
18 90 (12.08%) Migration
19 85 (11.41%) Git (software)
20 81 (10.87%) JIRA
21 80 (10.74%) Security Cleared
22 74 (9.93%) SC Cleared
22 74 (9.93%) DB2
23 72 (9.66%) Analytical Skills
24 71 (9.53%) Analytics
25 70 (9.40%) Problem-Solving
26 67 (8.99%) Data Modelling
26 67 (8.99%) Middleware
27 65 (8.72%) Red Hat

IBM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (12.21%) WebSphere
2 42 (5.64%) Confluence
3 40 (5.37%) WebSphere Application Server
4 39 (5.23%) Apache
5 31 (4.16%) SharePoint
6 25 (3.36%) Tomcat
7 19 (2.55%) CICS
7 19 (2.55%) SAS
8 18 (2.42%) MQSeries
8 18 (2.42%) Oracle Coherence
9 17 (2.28%) FileNet
10 16 (2.15%) IBM Domino
10 16 (2.15%) IIS
10 16 (2.15%) WebLogic
11 13 (1.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 11 (1.48%) nginx
13 10 (1.34%) Apache Spark
13 10 (1.34%) IBM HTTP Server
13 10 (1.34%) JBoss
14 7 (0.94%) Apache ServiceMix
Applications
1 39 (5.23%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (2.55%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (1.48%) Microsoft Project
4 8 (1.07%) Simulink
5 5 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.54%) MS Visio
7 3 (0.40%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.40%) SPSS
8 2 (0.27%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.13%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 16 (2.15%) Magento
2 15 (2.01%) Maximo
3 9 (1.21%) Shopify
4 6 (0.81%) Cognos TM1
5 5 (0.67%) Sentinel
6 4 (0.54%) Remedy ITSM
7 3 (0.40%) Cognos Planning
7 3 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
7 3 (0.40%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.40%) Oracle EBS R12
7 3 (0.40%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.27%) BASE24
8 2 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.27%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
8 2 (0.27%) RMDS
8 2 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.27%) SAP MDM
8 2 (0.27%) SAP R/3
9 1 (0.13%) SAP MDG
9 1 (0.13%) TRIRIGA
Cloud Services
1 148 (19.87%) AWS
2 123 (16.51%) Azure
3 54 (7.25%) GCP
4 52 (6.98%) IBM Cloud
5 42 (5.64%) OpenShift
6 36 (4.83%) IaaS
7 35 (4.70%) PaaS
8 22 (2.95%) SaaS
9 20 (2.68%) Cloud Computing
9 20 (2.68%) Serverless
10 17 (2.28%) AWS Lambda
11 16 (2.15%) GitHub
12 12 (1.61%) Microsoft 365
13 10 (1.34%) Amazon EKS
14 9 (1.21%) Azure Synapse Analytics
15 8 (1.07%) AWS CloudFormation
16 7 (0.94%) SuccessFactors
17 6 (0.81%) AWS CodePipeline
17 6 (0.81%) IBM Blueworks
17 6 (0.81%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 63 (8.46%) Firewall
2 44 (5.91%) SAN
3 42 (5.64%) FTP
4 38 (5.10%) TCP/IP
5 33 (4.43%) SSL
6 28 (3.76%) HTTP
7 26 (3.49%) DNS
8 24 (3.22%) LAN
8 24 (3.22%) VPN
9 23 (3.09%) WAN
10 21 (2.82%) NAS
11 16 (2.15%) SNA
11 16 (2.15%) Wireless
12 11 (1.48%) Ethernet
12 11 (1.48%) SSH
13 10 (1.34%) Multicast
13 10 (1.34%) VLAN
13 10 (1.34%) VSAN
14 9 (1.21%) VoIP
15 8 (1.07%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 74 (9.93%) DB2
2 43 (5.77%) Oracle Database
3 42 (5.64%) SQL Server
4 40 (5.37%) NoSQL
5 32 (4.30%) IBM InfoSphere
5 32 (4.30%) Relational Database
6 31 (4.16%) Big Data
7 30 (4.03%) MongoDB
7 30 (4.03%) MySQL
8 27 (3.62%) Hadoop
9 25 (3.36%) Data Warehouse
10 19 (2.55%) RDBMS
11 17 (2.28%) PostgreSQL
12 16 (2.15%) Tableau
13 15 (2.01%) Data Mining
14 14 (1.88%) Hazelcast
15 13 (1.74%) Oracle Database 11g
15 13 (1.74%) Oracle Database 12c
16 12 (1.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 12 (1.61%) DataStage
Development Applications
1 99 (13.29%) Jenkins
2 85 (11.41%) Git (software)
3 81 (10.87%) JIRA
4 26 (3.49%) SonarQube
5 24 (3.22%) Bitbucket
6 21 (2.82%) GitLab
7 20 (2.68%) TeamCity
8 19 (2.55%) PowerDesigner
9 18 (2.42%) IBM UrbanCode
10 17 (2.28%) Maven
11 15 (2.01%) Cucumber
11 15 (2.01%) Subversion
12 14 (1.88%) Postman
12 14 (1.88%) Selenium
13 13 (1.74%) Artifactory
14 11 (1.48%) Visual Studio
15 10 (1.34%) Sonatype Nexus
16 9 (1.21%) Eclipse
16 9 (1.21%) IntelliJ
16 9 (1.21%) REST Assured
General
1 186 (24.97%) Social Skills
2 135 (18.12%) Finance
3 119 (15.97%) Banking
4 72 (9.66%) Analytical Skills
5 40 (5.37%) Retail
6 38 (5.10%) Public Sector
7 32 (4.30%) Investment Banking
8 22 (2.95%) Presentation Skills
9 19 (2.55%) Marketing
10 14 (1.88%) Telecoms
11 10 (1.34%) Law
12 8 (1.07%) Retail Banking
13 7 (0.94%) Billing
13 7 (0.94%) Documentation Skills
13 7 (0.94%) Influencing Skills
14 6 (0.81%) Automotive
14 6 (0.81%) Financial Institution
14 6 (0.81%) Legal
15 5 (0.67%) Back Office
15 5 (0.67%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 119 (15.97%) Architect
2 111 (14.90%) Developer
3 51 (6.85%) Solutions Architect
4 43 (5.77%) Consultant
5 40 (5.37%) Administrator
6 33 (4.43%) Java Developer
7 31 (4.16%) Analyst
8 29 (3.89%) DevOps Engineer
9 27 (3.62%) Data Architect
10 26 (3.49%) Project Manager
11 24 (3.22%) Technical Leader
12 22 (2.95%) Data Engineer
13 20 (2.68%) Software Engineer
14 13 (1.74%) Systems Administrator
14 13 (1.74%) Tester
15 12 (1.61%) FileNet Developer
15 12 (1.61%) Infrastructure Architect
15 12 (1.61%) Programmer
15 12 (1.61%) Systems Programmer
15 12 (1.61%) WebSphere Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (8.99%) Middleware
2 61 (8.19%) Spring
3 59 (7.92%) REST
4 50 (6.71%) Web Services
5 49 (6.58%) Kafka
6 38 (5.10%) J2EE
6 38 (5.10%) Node.js
7 37 (4.97%) .NET
7 37 (4.97%) WebSphere MQ
8 35 (4.70%) SOAP
8 35 (4.70%) Spring Boot
9 32 (4.30%) AngularJS
10 29 (3.89%) XML
11 26 (3.49%) LDAP
11 26 (3.49%) RESTful
12 25 (3.36%) JMS
13 24 (3.22%) RabbitMQ
14 16 (2.15%) JSON
15 15 (2.01%) HTML
16 13 (1.74%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 63 (8.46%) Mainframe
2 62 (8.32%) Data Centre
3 37 (4.97%) Clustering
4 28 (3.76%) Public Cloud
5 27 (3.62%) Management Information System
6 20 (2.68%) LPAR
7 19 (2.55%) Replication
8 18 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
8 18 (2.42%) Private Cloud
8 18 (2.42%) Self-Motivation
8 18 (2.42%) Virtual Team
9 17 (2.28%) DataPower
9 17 (2.28%) IBM Mainframe
10 13 (1.74%) AS400
11 12 (1.61%) Cloud Native
11 12 (1.61%) Derivative
12 11 (1.48%) iSeries
12 11 (1.48%) Linux Command Line
13 10 (1.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 9 (1.21%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 165 (22.15%) Linux
2 131 (17.58%) Windows
3 120 (16.11%) Unix
4 40 (5.37%) AIX
4 40 (5.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 35 (4.70%) Windows Server
6 31 (4.16%) zOS
7 27 (3.62%) Windows Server 2016
8 17 (2.28%) Solaris
9 16 (2.15%) MVS
10 14 (1.88%) Windows Server 2008
11 13 (1.74%) Apple iOS
12 12 (1.61%) Windows Server 2012
13 7 (0.94%) VMS
14 6 (0.81%) Oracle Linux
14 6 (0.81%) Windows 2000
14 6 (0.81%) Windows Server 2019
15 5 (0.67%) Android
15 5 (0.67%) Data ONTAP
15 5 (0.67%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 225 (30.20%) Agile Software Development
2 138 (18.52%) DevOps
3 90 (12.08%) Migration
4 71 (9.53%) Analytics
5 70 (9.40%) Problem-Solving
6 67 (8.99%) Data Modelling
7 63 (8.46%) Microservices
7 63 (8.46%) Scrum
8 62 (8.32%) ITIL
9 58 (7.79%) Stakeholder Management
10 56 (7.52%) ETL
11 52 (6.98%) Project Management
12 48 (6.44%) Software Engineering
13 45 (6.04%) Continuous Integration
13 45 (6.04%) E-Commerce
14 41 (5.50%) Business Intelligence
14 41 (5.50%) TDD
15 38 (5.10%) Data Integration
15 38 (5.10%) High Availability
15 38 (5.10%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 218 (29.26%) Java
2 181 (24.30%) SQL
3 106 (14.23%) Python
4 55 (7.38%) Shell Script
5 38 (5.10%) C++
6 36 (4.83%) C#
6 36 (4.83%) JavaScript
7 31 (4.16%) Bash Shell
7 31 (4.16%) PowerShell
8 28 (3.76%) Perl
9 25 (3.36%) PL/SQL
10 22 (2.95%) C
11 17 (2.28%) Java 8
11 17 (2.28%) JCL
12 16 (2.15%) PHP
13 15 (2.01%) COBOL
14 12 (1.61%) Go
14 12 (1.61%) Ruby
15 11 (1.48%) VB
16 10 (1.34%) REXX
Qualifications
1 80 (10.74%) Security Cleared
2 74 (9.93%) SC Cleared
3 38 (5.10%) Degree
4 13 (1.74%) TOGAF Certification
5 11 (1.48%) PMP
6 8 (1.07%) Cisco Certification
6 8 (1.07%) Numerate Degree
7 7 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
7 7 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
7 7 (0.94%) RHCA
8 6 (0.81%) Computer Science Degree
8 6 (0.81%) DV Cleared
9 5 (0.67%) MCSA
9 5 (0.67%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 4 (0.54%) CISSP
10 4 (0.54%) IBM Certification
10 4 (0.54%) ISEB
11 3 (0.40%) CCIE
11 3 (0.40%) CISM
11 3 (0.40%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (4.83%) QA
2 28 (3.76%) GDPR
3 22 (2.95%) Data Quality
4 10 (1.34%) SLA
5 7 (0.94%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 6 (0.81%) Accessibility
7 5 (0.67%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.67%) PMO
8 4 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
8 4 (0.54%) MiFID
8 4 (0.54%) NIST
9 3 (0.40%) DO-178B
10 2 (0.27%) FISMA
10 2 (0.27%) GRC
10 2 (0.27%) ISO 22301
10 2 (0.27%) ISO 31000
10 2 (0.27%) ISO 9001
10 2 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 2 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 2 (0.27%) SEPA
System Software
1 63 (8.46%) Docker
2 62 (8.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 45 (6.04%) Active Directory
4 30 (4.03%) vSphere
5 23 (3.09%) VMware ESXi
6 19 (2.55%) PowerHA
7 12 (1.61%) RACF
8 11 (1.48%) GPFS
9 10 (1.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 9 (1.21%) Hyper-V
11 8 (1.07%) NFS
11 8 (1.07%) Oracle RAC
11 8 (1.07%) Postfix
11 8 (1.07%) qmail
11 8 (1.07%) Veritas File System
12 7 (0.94%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 6 (0.81%) Job Entry Subsystem
14 5 (0.67%) Time Sharing Option
15 4 (0.54%) Platform Symphony
15 4 (0.54%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 63 (8.46%) Kubernetes
2 60 (8.05%) Ansible
3 41 (5.50%) Terraform
4 36 (4.83%) Tivoli
5 19 (2.55%) ITRS Geneos
6 18 (2.42%) Puppet
7 17 (2.28%) Tivoli NetView
7 17 (2.28%) Tivoli Storage Manager
8 16 (2.15%) Opscode Chef
9 14 (1.88%) Netcool
10 13 (1.74%) EMC NetWorker
10 13 (1.74%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 12 (1.61%) Control-M
11 12 (1.61%) SCCM
12 11 (1.48%) Grafana
12 11 (1.48%) QRadar
13 10 (1.34%) vRealize
14 8 (1.07%) Kibana
14 8 (1.07%) Netcool/OMNIbus
15 7 (0.94%) Tivoli Monitoring
Vendors
1 190 (25.50%) Oracle
2 104 (13.96%) Microsoft
3 99 (13.29%) VMware
4 65 (8.72%) Red Hat
5 51 (6.85%) SAP
6 48 (6.44%) Splunk
7 42 (5.64%) HP
8 40 (5.37%) Cisco
9 39 (5.23%) Google
10 29 (3.89%) Citrix
10 29 (3.89%) EMC
11 28 (3.76%) CA
12 26 (3.49%) Dell
13 24 (3.22%) TIBCO
14 23 (3.09%) Salesforce.com
15 22 (2.95%) Veritas
16 21 (2.82%) BMC
17 19 (2.55%) ServiceNow
18 18 (2.42%) NetApp
19 17 (2.28%) Cognos