Period
to 11 April 2021

The table below provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge and experience of IBM products and/or services. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited IBM over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

The figures below represent the IT contractor job market in general and are not representative of contractor rates within the International Business Machines Corporation.

IBM
UK
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 196 221 209
Rank change year-on-year +25 -12 -45
Contract jobs citing IBM 655 712 1,338
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.25% 1.19% 1.39%
As % of the Vendors category 3.01% 2.82% 3.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 341 384 805
10th Percentile £356 £311 £316
25th Percentile £413 £400 £390
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £490 £470 £450
Median % change year-on-year +4.26% +4.44% -
75th Percentile £575 £550 £538
90th Percentile £650 £646 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 17 23
10th Percentile £31.35 £13.43 £36.60
25th Percentile £35.00 £17.50 £40.13
Median hourly rate £46.25 £33.00 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +40.15% -22.35% +104.82%
75th Percentile £60.00 £50.00 £43.75
90th Percentile " " £47.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.25 £33.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +40.15% -22.35% +100.00%

IBM is in the Vendor Products and Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services.

All Vendors
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for knowledge or experience of vendor products and services 21,734 25,275 40,495
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.34% 42.37% 41.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,896 15,818 25,584
10th Percentile £265 £213 £260
25th Percentile £375 £350 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
75th Percentile £575 £553 £556
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 714 1,099 1,354
10th Percentile £11.49 £11.74 £10.75
25th Percentile £15.00 £14.50 £12.76
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.70 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +20.32% +6.86% +2.94%
75th Percentile £45.50 £30.00 £35.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £50.00 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +8.57% +6.06% +4.04%

IBM
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing IBM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing IBM.

Daily rate trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing IBM over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for IBM in the UK

IBM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing IBM.

Hourly rate trend for IBM in the UK

IBM
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing IBM over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for IBM in the UK

IBM
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing IBM within the UK over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +37 513 £490 +3.16% 117
UK excluding London -9 291 £450 - 67
London +48 249 £525 +10.53% 56
Work from Home -91 189 £500 -2.91% 21
South East +3 73 £475 - 6
North of England +37 60 £375 -25.00% 21
Midlands +10 45 £449 -0.28% 11
Scotland -42 38 £450 +9.76% 4
East of England +38 33 £535 +18.89% 13
Yorkshire +46 32 £375 -16.67% 6
West Midlands +5 31 £500 +12.36% 8
Wales +10 25 £494 +1.28% 2
North West +2 22 £392 -21.70% 13
South West +39 15 £550 +37.50% 9
East Midlands +16 10 £400 -15.79% 3
North East +27 6 £362 -27.60% 2
Northern Ireland +13 2 - - 1

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing IBM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for IBM.

1 181 (27.63%) Agile Software Development
2 172 (26.26%) Java
3 158 (24.12%) Oracle
4 147 (22.44%) Linux
5 138 (21.07%) SQL
6 136 (20.76%) AWS
7 101 (15.42%) Windows
7 101 (15.42%) Finance
8 100 (15.27%) Microsoft
9 96 (14.66%) Azure
10 95 (14.50%) DevOps
11 92 (14.05%) Python
12 91 (13.89%) Banking
13 90 (13.74%) VMware
14 85 (12.98%) Unix
15 77 (11.76%) Migration
15 77 (11.76%) WebSphere
16 72 (10.99%) Problem-Solving
17 70 (10.69%) Git (software)
18 68 (10.38%) Security Cleared
19 66 (10.08%) DB2
20 64 (9.77%) Mainframe
20 64 (9.77%) Jenkins
21 62 (9.47%) SC Cleared
22 61 (9.31%) VMware Infrastructure
23 60 (9.16%) Middleware
23 60 (9.16%) Analytical Skills
24 58 (8.85%) JIRA
25 56 (8.55%) REST
25 56 (8.55%) Red Hat

IBM
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (11.76%) WebSphere
2 29 (4.43%) WebSphere Application Server
3 27 (4.12%) Apache
4 26 (3.97%) Confluence
5 25 (3.82%) Tomcat
6 20 (3.05%) SAS
7 18 (2.75%) WebLogic
8 17 (2.60%) SharePoint
9 15 (2.29%) FileNet
10 14 (2.14%) JBoss
11 12 (1.83%) CICS
11 12 (1.83%) IIS
11 12 (1.83%) MQSeries
12 10 (1.53%) IBM Domino
13 9 (1.37%) IBM HTTP Server
13 9 (1.37%) nginx
14 8 (1.22%) Apache Solr
15 7 (1.07%) Apache ServiceMix
16 5 (0.76%) Elasticsearch
16 5 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 26 (3.97%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (1.68%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (1.53%) Microsoft Project
4 8 (1.22%) Chatbot
5 7 (1.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.61%) MS Visio
6 4 (0.61%) Simulink
7 2 (0.31%) SPSS
8 1 (0.15%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.15%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 18 (2.75%) Magento
2 14 (2.14%) Maximo
3 8 (1.22%) Shopify
4 5 (0.76%) Sentinel
5 4 (0.61%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.46%) Cognos TM1
6 3 (0.46%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.46%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.31%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
7 2 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
7 2 (0.31%) RMDS
7 2 (0.31%) Salerio
7 2 (0.31%) SAP MDM
8 1 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
8 1 (0.15%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.15%) SAP MDG
8 1 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 136 (20.76%) AWS
2 96 (14.66%) Azure
3 55 (8.40%) GCP
4 35 (5.34%) IBM Cloud
5 26 (3.97%) Cloud Computing
6 25 (3.82%) IaaS
7 22 (3.36%) PaaS
8 19 (2.90%) OpenShift
9 18 (2.75%) Serverless
10 16 (2.44%) AWS Lambda
11 13 (1.98%) SaaS
12 10 (1.53%) Microsoft 365
13 8 (1.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 8 (1.22%) GitHub
14 6 (0.92%) Amazon SQS
15 5 (0.76%) Apigee
15 5 (0.76%) npm
15 5 (0.76%) SuccessFactors
15 5 (0.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 4 (0.61%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 47 (7.18%) Firewall
2 45 (6.87%) FTP
3 40 (6.11%) SAN
4 39 (5.95%) TCP/IP
5 26 (3.97%) HTTP
6 23 (3.51%) DNS
6 23 (3.51%) SSL
7 21 (3.21%) VPN
8 19 (2.90%) SNA
9 17 (2.60%) WAN
10 15 (2.29%) LAN
11 14 (2.14%) SSH
12 13 (1.98%) APPN
12 13 (1.98%) NAS
12 13 (1.98%) Wireless
13 11 (1.68%) Ethernet
14 10 (1.53%) VSAN
15 8 (1.22%) DHCP
15 8 (1.22%) Fibre Channel
16 7 (1.07%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (10.08%) DB2
2 40 (6.11%) SQL Server
3 33 (5.04%) Oracle Database
4 29 (4.43%) MySQL
4 29 (4.43%) Relational Database
5 27 (4.12%) Big Data
5 27 (4.12%) NoSQL
6 24 (3.66%) MongoDB
7 22 (3.36%) Data Warehouse
8 20 (3.05%) Hadoop
9 18 (2.75%) IBM InfoSphere
10 16 (2.44%) RDBMS
11 15 (2.29%) Tableau
12 14 (2.14%) Data Mining
12 14 (2.14%) Hazelcast
12 14 (2.14%) PostgreSQL
13 10 (1.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 10 (1.53%) Amazon RDS
13 10 (1.53%) Microsoft Analysis Services
14 7 (1.07%) Data Vault
Development Applications
1 70 (10.69%) Git (software)
2 64 (9.77%) Jenkins
3 58 (8.85%) JIRA
4 16 (2.44%) Selenium
5 14 (2.14%) JMeter
6 13 (1.98%) PowerDesigner
7 12 (1.83%) Bitbucket
7 12 (1.83%) Cucumber
7 12 (1.83%) SonarQube
7 12 (1.83%) Subversion
8 11 (1.68%) Postman
9 10 (1.53%) Maven
9 10 (1.53%) REST Assured
10 9 (1.37%) Eclipse
10 9 (1.37%) Rational DOORS
11 8 (1.22%) Sonatype Nexus
11 8 (1.22%) TeamCity
12 7 (1.07%) CA Gen
13 6 (0.92%) CircleCI
13 6 (0.92%) Travis CI
General
1 101 (15.42%) Finance
2 91 (13.89%) Banking
3 38 (5.80%) Retail
4 29 (4.43%) Public Sector
5 23 (3.51%) Investment Banking
6 19 (2.90%) Marketing
7 9 (1.37%) Law
8 8 (1.22%) Telecoms
9 6 (0.92%) Retail Banking
10 5 (0.76%) Back Office
10 5 (0.76%) Front Office
10 5 (0.76%) Games
10 5 (0.76%) Legal
11 4 (0.61%) Automotive
11 4 (0.61%) International Banking
12 3 (0.46%) Billing
12 3 (0.46%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.46%) Manufacturing
13 2 (0.31%) German Language
14 1 (0.15%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 117 (17.86%) Developer
2 103 (15.73%) Architect
3 48 (7.33%) Consultant
4 46 (7.02%) Solutions Architect
5 35 (5.34%) Administrator
6 33 (5.04%) Analyst
7 29 (4.43%) Java Developer
7 29 (4.43%) Project Manager
8 22 (3.36%) Data Architect
8 22 (3.36%) Programmer
8 22 (3.36%) Systems Programmer
9 16 (2.44%) DevOps Engineer
9 16 (2.44%) Software Engineer
10 15 (2.29%) Systems Administrator
11 14 (2.14%) Data Engineer
11 14 (2.14%) Mainframe Programmer
11 14 (2.14%) Mainframe Systems Programmer
12 13 (1.98%) Automation Developer
12 13 (1.98%) Infrastructure Architect
13 12 (1.83%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 60 (9.16%) Middleware
2 56 (8.55%) REST
3 53 (8.09%) Web Services
4 43 (6.56%) Kafka
5 40 (6.11%) Spring
6 32 (4.89%) J2EE
7 30 (4.58%) Node.js
8 26 (3.97%) .NET
8 26 (3.97%) WebSphere MQ
9 24 (3.66%) XML
10 23 (3.51%) RESTful
10 23 (3.51%) SOAP
11 22 (3.36%) Spring Boot
12 21 (3.21%) AngularJS
13 18 (2.75%) JMS
14 17 (2.60%) JSON
15 14 (2.14%) RabbitMQ
15 14 (2.14%) React
16 13 (1.98%) ISPF
17 12 (1.83%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 64 (9.77%) Mainframe
2 60 (9.16%) Analytical Skills
3 47 (7.18%) Data Centre
4 43 (6.56%) Management Information System
5 33 (5.04%) Clustering
6 24 (3.66%) LPAR
7 21 (3.21%) Replication
8 19 (2.90%) DataPower
9 15 (2.29%) Enterprise Software
9 15 (2.29%) Public Cloud
10 14 (2.14%) Self-Motivation
11 13 (1.98%) IBM Mainframe
12 12 (1.83%) iSeries
12 12 (1.83%) Private Cloud
13 11 (1.68%) AS400
14 9 (1.37%) Cloud Native
15 8 (1.22%) Linux Command Line
15 8 (1.22%) PKI
15 8 (1.22%) Reference Data
16 7 (1.07%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 147 (22.44%) Linux
2 101 (15.42%) Windows
3 85 (12.98%) Unix
4 40 (6.11%) zOS
5 35 (5.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 32 (4.89%) AIX
7 31 (4.73%) Windows Server
8 24 (3.66%) Windows Server 2016
9 17 (2.60%) Apple iOS
9 17 (2.60%) Windows Server 2008
9 17 (2.60%) Windows Server 2012
10 15 (2.29%) Solaris
11 12 (1.83%) MVS
12 10 (1.53%) Android
13 8 (1.22%) Windows Server 2019
14 7 (1.07%) Oracle Linux
15 6 (0.92%) Windows 10
15 6 (0.92%) Windows 2000
16 5 (0.76%) Data ONTAP
16 5 (0.76%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 181 (27.63%) Agile Software Development
2 95 (14.50%) DevOps
3 77 (11.76%) Migration
4 72 (10.99%) Problem-Solving
5 55 (8.40%) ITIL
6 46 (7.02%) Analytics
7 41 (6.26%) E-Commerce
8 39 (5.95%) Microservices
9 38 (5.80%) Data Modelling
10 37 (5.65%) ETL
10 37 (5.65%) Software Engineering
11 36 (5.50%) Disaster Recovery
12 35 (5.34%) Project Management
13 34 (5.19%) Scrum
14 33 (5.04%) High Availability
15 32 (4.89%) Performance Tuning
16 30 (4.58%) Cybersecurity
16 30 (4.58%) Test Automation
17 29 (4.43%) Stakeholder Management
18 28 (4.27%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 172 (26.26%) Java
2 138 (21.07%) SQL
3 92 (14.05%) Python
4 43 (6.56%) Shell Script
5 33 (5.04%) JavaScript
6 31 (4.73%) PL/SQL
7 27 (4.12%) PowerShell
8 25 (3.82%) Perl
9 23 (3.51%) JCL
10 21 (3.21%) Bash Shell
11 20 (3.05%) C
11 20 (3.05%) C#
12 19 (2.90%) Java 8
13 18 (2.75%) C++
14 13 (1.98%) Go
15 11 (1.68%) PHP
16 9 (1.37%) R
16 9 (1.37%) Scala
17 8 (1.22%) COBOL
17 8 (1.22%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 68 (10.38%) Security Cleared
2 62 (9.47%) SC Cleared
3 42 (6.41%) Degree
4 17 (2.60%) TOGAF Certification
5 12 (1.83%) BPSS Clearance
6 11 (1.68%) CISSP
6 11 (1.68%) PMP
7 10 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
8 7 (1.07%) Microsoft Certification
8 7 (1.07%) RHCA
8 7 (1.07%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 5 (0.76%) Cisco Certification
9 5 (0.76%) CISM
9 5 (0.76%) DV Cleared
10 4 (0.61%) ISTQB
10 4 (0.61%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.46%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.46%) CREST Certified
11 3 (0.46%) IISP
11 3 (0.46%) VCP6
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (5.50%) QA
2 26 (3.97%) GDPR
3 13 (1.98%) Data Quality
4 11 (1.68%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 10 (1.53%) PCI DSS
6 9 (1.37%) NIST
7 8 (1.22%) SLA
8 7 (1.07%) PMO
9 5 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 3 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
10 3 (0.46%) ISAE 3402
10 3 (0.46%) ISO 22301
10 3 (0.46%) ISO 31000
10 3 (0.46%) ISO 9001
10 3 (0.46%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 3 (0.46%) MiFID
11 2 (0.31%) DO-178B
11 2 (0.31%) SEPA
12 1 (0.15%) COBIT
12 1 (0.15%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 61 (9.31%) VMware Infrastructure
2 43 (6.56%) Docker
3 28 (4.27%) Active Directory
4 25 (3.82%) VMware ESXi
4 25 (3.82%) vSphere
5 22 (3.36%) PowerHA
6 17 (2.60%) GPFS
7 14 (2.14%) Time Sharing Option
8 11 (1.68%) Hyper-V
9 10 (1.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 10 (1.53%) RACF
10 8 (1.22%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 7 (1.07%) Postfix
11 7 (1.07%) qmail
12 6 (0.92%) ACF2
12 6 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
13 5 (0.76%) Oracle RAC
14 4 (0.61%) Microcode
14 4 (0.61%) NFS
14 4 (0.61%) Veritas File System
Systems Management
1 46 (7.02%) Kubernetes
2 36 (5.50%) Terraform
3 34 (5.19%) Tivoli
4 31 (4.73%) Ansible
5 19 (2.90%) Tivoli Storage Manager
6 15 (2.29%) QRadar
7 13 (1.98%) Tivoli NetView
8 12 (1.83%) NetBackup
9 11 (1.68%) vRealize
9 11 (1.68%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 10 (1.53%) Netcool
11 9 (1.37%) EMC NetWorker
12 7 (1.07%) Control-M
13 6 (0.92%) Avamar
14 5 (0.76%) Grafana
14 5 (0.76%) Nagios
14 5 (0.76%) Netcool/OMNIbus
14 5 (0.76%) OMEGAMON
14 5 (0.76%) Puppet
14 5 (0.76%) Tivoli Monitoring
Vendors
1 158 (24.12%) Oracle
2 100 (15.27%) Microsoft
3 90 (13.74%) VMware
4 56 (8.55%) Red Hat
5 47 (7.18%) SAP
6 42 (6.41%) Google
7 33 (5.04%) Splunk
8 32 (4.89%) Cisco
8 32 (4.89%) HP
9 24 (3.66%) CA
9 24 (3.66%) EMC
10 22 (3.36%) Salesforce.com
11 21 (3.21%) Dell
12 19 (2.90%) Citrix
13 17 (2.60%) MuleSoft
14 16 (2.44%) BMC
14 16 (2.44%) Veritas
15 14 (2.14%) AppDynamics
16 13 (1.98%) Cognos
16 13 (1.98%) TIBCO