Period
to 20 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for zOS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited zOS over the 6 months to 20 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

IBM z/OS
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 796 855 767
Rank change year-on-year +59 -88 -45
Contract jobs citing zOS 47 52 93
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.050% 0.050% 0.098%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.25% 0.24% 0.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 23 19 51
UK median daily rate £425 £438 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.86% -2.78% -
10th Percentile £325 £275 £355
90th Percentile £518 £541 £556
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £434 £440
% change year-on-year -1.96% -1.48% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
UK median hourly rate - - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

zOS is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 18,757 21,613 19,689
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.12% 20.74% 20.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,796 13,529 12,421
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £155 £180 £195
90th Percentile £625 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £390 £400
% change year-on-year +2.56% -2.50% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,197 1,475 1,141
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.06% -
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.35 £16.00 £15.50
% change year-on-year +2.19% +3.23% -6.06%

zOS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing zOS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for zOS in the UK

zOS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing zOS.

Contractor daily rate trend for zOS in the UK

zOS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing zOS over the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for zOS in the UK

zOS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing zOS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for zOS in the UK

zOS
Top 11 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing zOS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +50 44 £425 -2.86% 5
UK excluding London +9 37 £425 -1.96% 3
South East +22 11 £420 +21.74%
London +53 9 £450 -5.26% 2
South West -13 9 £425 -19.05% 1
North of England +30 8 £376 -18.70%
East of England +12 6 £425 +103.59%
Yorkshire +25 4 £325 -25.71%
Scotland +14 3 £269 -37.95%
North West +10 3 £438 -12.50%
North East - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 20 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing zOS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for zOS.

1 32 (68.09%) IBM
2 24 (51.06%) Mainframe
3 17 (36.17%) Linux
4 14 (29.79%) Windows
4 14 (29.79%) DB2
5 13 (27.66%) Unix
6 12 (25.53%) Assembly Language
7 11 (23.40%) JCL
7 11 (23.40%) Time Sharing Option
8 10 (21.28%) COBOL
8 10 (21.28%) Finance
9 9 (19.15%) REXX
10 8 (17.02%) Microsoft
10 8 (17.02%) ISPF
10 8 (17.02%) Problem-Solving
11 7 (14.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (14.89%) OMEGAMON
11 7 (14.89%) Banking
11 7 (14.89%) RACF
12 6 (12.77%) Red Hat
12 6 (12.77%) Java
12 6 (12.77%) SQL Server
12 6 (12.77%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (12.77%) Performance Tuning
12 6 (12.77%) Infrastructure as Code
13 5 (10.64%) Oracle Database
13 5 (10.64%) Ansible
13 5 (10.64%) IBM Sterling
13 5 (10.64%) Retail
13 5 (10.64%) Oracle

zOS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (10.64%) SAS
2 3 (6.38%) CICS
3 2 (4.26%) Confluence
3 2 (4.26%) WebSphere
4 1 (2.13%) Apache Spark
4 1 (2.13%) IBM Transformation Extender
4 1 (2.13%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 1 (2.13%) WebLogic
Applications
1 2 (4.26%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (8.51%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 3 (6.38%) Cloud Computing
1 3 (6.38%) Microsoft Azure
1 3 (6.38%) OpenShift
2 2 (4.26%) Amazon AWS
2 2 (4.26%) Google Cloud Platform
2 2 (4.26%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 4 (8.51%) ATM
1 4 (8.51%) HTTPS
2 3 (6.38%) FTP
2 3 (6.38%) SSL
2 3 (6.38%) TCP/IP
3 2 (4.26%) Internet
3 2 (4.26%) SSH
4 1 (2.13%) APPN
4 1 (2.13%) Ethernet
4 1 (2.13%) LAN
4 1 (2.13%) SMTP
4 1 (2.13%) SNA
4 1 (2.13%) SNMP
4 1 (2.13%) Telnet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (29.79%) DB2
2 6 (12.77%) SQL Server
3 5 (10.64%) Oracle Database
4 4 (8.51%) MySQL
4 4 (8.51%) Oracle Database 11g
4 4 (8.51%) Oracle Database 12c
4 4 (8.51%) Relational Database
5 2 (4.26%) Apache Cassandra
5 2 (4.26%) Hadoop
5 2 (4.26%) MongoDB
5 2 (4.26%) SAP Data Services
6 1 (2.13%) Adabas
6 1 (2.13%) Easytrieve
6 1 (2.13%) HBase
6 1 (2.13%) NoSQL
6 1 (2.13%) RDBMS
6 1 (2.13%) SQL Server 2008
6 1 (2.13%) SQL Server 2012
6 1 (2.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1 (2.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 3 (6.38%) ProC
2 2 (4.26%) InstallAnywhere
2 2 (4.26%) JIRA
2 2 (4.26%) Travis CI
3 1 (2.13%) Appium
3 1 (2.13%) Gradle
3 1 (2.13%) HP UFT
3 1 (2.13%) Jenkins
3 1 (2.13%) JUnit
3 1 (2.13%) Maven
3 1 (2.13%) Selenium
3 1 (2.13%) TestNG
General
1 10 (21.28%) Finance
2 7 (14.89%) Banking
3 5 (10.64%) Retail
4 4 (8.51%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 10 (21.28%) Programmer
2 7 (14.89%) Developer
3 6 (12.77%) Consultant
3 6 (12.77%) Mainframe Programmer
3 6 (12.77%) Systems Programmer
4 5 (10.64%) DBA
4 5 (10.64%) Mainframe Developer
4 5 (10.64%) Mainframe Systems Programmer
5 4 (8.51%) Administrator
6 3 (6.38%) Analyst
7 2 (4.26%) Architect
7 2 (4.26%) CICS Programmer
7 2 (4.26%) COBOL Developer
7 2 (4.26%) Mainframe Consultant
7 2 (4.26%) Mainframe Specialist
7 2 (4.26%) MongoDB DBA
7 2 (4.26%) RACF Programmer
7 2 (4.26%) Systems Administrator
7 2 (4.26%) z/OS Specialist
7 2 (4.26%) z/OS Systems Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8 (17.02%) ISPF
2 2 (4.26%) .NET
2 2 (4.26%) Kafka
2 2 (4.26%) Middleware
2 2 (4.26%) Web Services
3 1 (2.13%) .NET Framework
3 1 (2.13%) AngularJS
3 1 (2.13%) APPC
3 1 (2.13%) Spring
3 1 (2.13%) Spring Boot
3 1 (2.13%) Swagger
3 1 (2.13%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 24 (51.06%) Mainframe
2 4 (8.51%) Greenfield Project
2 4 (8.51%) IBM Mainframe
3 3 (6.38%) VSAM
4 2 (4.26%) Analytical Skills
4 2 (4.26%) Data Centre
5 1 (2.13%) Clustering
5 1 (2.13%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 17 (36.17%) Linux
2 14 (29.79%) Windows
3 13 (27.66%) Unix
4 7 (14.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 6 (12.77%) Windows Server 2012
6 5 (10.64%) Solaris
7 4 (8.51%) AIX
7 4 (8.51%) Windows Server
7 4 (8.51%) Windows Server 2008
8 2 (4.26%) OS/2
8 2 (4.26%) Windows Server 2003
9 1 (2.13%) HPUX
9 1 (2.13%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 8 (17.02%) Problem-Solving
2 6 (12.77%) Infrastructure as Code
2 6 (12.77%) Performance Tuning
3 5 (10.64%) Data Modelling
4 4 (8.51%) Agile Software Development
4 4 (8.51%) Migration
4 4 (8.51%) Process Improvement
4 4 (8.51%) Wealth Management
5 3 (6.38%) B2B
5 3 (6.38%) Business Intelligence
5 3 (6.38%) Change Management
5 3 (6.38%) Problem Management
6 2 (4.26%) Configuration Management
6 2 (4.26%) DevOps
6 2 (4.26%) High Availability
6 2 (4.26%) ITIL
6 2 (4.26%) Performance Metrics
6 2 (4.26%) Scrum
6 2 (4.26%) Structured Programming
6 2 (4.26%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 12 (25.53%) Assembly Language
2 11 (23.40%) JCL
3 10 (21.28%) COBOL
4 9 (19.15%) REXX
5 6 (12.77%) Java
6 4 (8.51%) ActionScript
6 4 (8.51%) ActionScript 2.0
6 4 (8.51%) Bash Shell
6 4 (8.51%) Python
7 3 (6.38%) CLIST
7 3 (6.38%) SQL
8 2 (4.26%) C
8 2 (4.26%) Go
8 2 (4.26%) JavaScript
8 2 (4.26%) Korn
8 2 (4.26%) Perl
8 2 (4.26%) PowerShell
8 2 (4.26%) Shell Script
9 1 (2.13%) Java 8
9 1 (2.13%) PL/1
Qualifications
1 1 (2.13%) SC Cleared
1 1 (2.13%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (6.38%) QA
System Software
1 11 (23.40%) Time Sharing Option
2 7 (14.89%) RACF
3 3 (6.38%) Docker
3 3 (6.38%) Job Entry Subsystem
4 2 (4.26%) ACF2
Systems Management
1 7 (14.89%) OMEGAMON
2 5 (10.64%) Ansible
3 3 (6.38%) Tivoli NetView
4 2 (4.26%) Kubernetes
4 2 (4.26%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (4.26%) Tivoli
4 2 (4.26%) zSecure
5 1 (2.13%) Failover Clustering
5 1 (2.13%) Tivoli Monitoring
Vendors
1 32 (68.09%) IBM
2 8 (17.02%) Microsoft
3 6 (12.77%) Red Hat
4 5 (10.64%) CA
4 5 (10.64%) IBM Sterling
4 5 (10.64%) Oracle
5 4 (8.51%) BMC
5 4 (8.51%) OpenText
5 4 (8.51%) Remedy
6 3 (6.38%) Informatica
6 3 (6.38%) SAP
7 2 (4.26%) Google
7 2 (4.26%) Micro Focus
7 2 (4.26%) Teradata
7 2 (4.26%) TIBCO
8 1 (2.13%) Axway
8 1 (2.13%) Cisco
8 1 (2.13%) HP
8 1 (2.13%) Serena
8 1 (2.13%) ServiceNow