Period
to 20 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for zOS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited zOS over the 6 months to 20 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

IBM z/OS
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 831 764 687
Rank change year-on-year -67 -77 +57
Contract jobs citing zOS 53 84 206
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.052% 0.091% 0.19%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.25% 0.44% 0.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 29 51 104
UK median daily rate £430 £440 £459
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.39% -4.14% +2.00%
10th Percentile £282 £325 £275
90th Percentile £565 £556 £728
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £440 £450
% change year-on-year -6.25% -2.22% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 8
UK median hourly rate - - £28.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - £28.75

zOS is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21,033 19,172 23,187
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.79% 20.68% 21.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,359 12,135 14,204
UK median daily rate £425 £420 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +6.67%
10th Percentile £181 £200 £194
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,291 1,192 1,515
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £16.50 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.03% -2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.50 £46.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.86 £15.86 £16.50
% change year-on-year - -3.88% +6.45%

zOS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing zOS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for zOS in the UK

zOS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing zOS.

Contractor daily rate trend for zOS in the UK

zOS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing zOS over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for zOS in the UK

zOS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing zOS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for zOS in the UK

zOS
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing zOS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -64 40 £448 +0.56% 5
UK excluding London -42 37 £413 -6.25% 7
South East -10 15 £315 -33.68% 1
London -54 15 £450 -6.25% 1
Scotland -29 12 £425 -3.41% 3
Midlands 0 5 £325 -32.64%
East Midlands +6 3 £325 -32.64%
South West +7 2 £485 +38.57% 3
North of England -45 2 £463 +5.11%
West Midlands - 2 £325 -
North West -26 1 £463 -0.54%
Yorkshire -28 1 - -
East of England - 1 £285 -

For the 6 months to 20 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing zOS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for zOS.

1 31 (58.49%) Mainframe
2 26 (49.06%) Unix
3 24 (45.28%) DB2
4 23 (43.40%) Finance
5 18 (33.96%) Banking
5 18 (33.96%) Windows
6 16 (30.19%) Linux
7 15 (28.30%) IBM
8 13 (24.53%) Oracle
9 12 (22.64%) WebSphere
10 11 (20.75%) Microsoft
10 11 (20.75%) RACF
11 10 (18.87%) Java
11 10 (18.87%) SQL
11 10 (18.87%) Agile Software Development
11 10 (18.87%) Stakeholder Management
12 8 (15.09%) .NET
12 8 (15.09%) REXX
13 7 (13.21%) Middleware
13 7 (13.21%) Microsoft Excel
13 7 (13.21%) Identity Management
13 7 (13.21%) Management Information System
13 7 (13.21%) ISPF
13 7 (13.21%) Performance Tuning
14 6 (11.32%) Time Sharing Option
14 6 (11.32%) Kofax
14 6 (11.32%) COBOL
14 6 (11.32%) SQL Server
14 6 (11.32%) JCL
14 6 (11.32%) BMC

zOS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (22.64%) WebSphere
2 5 (9.43%) SharePoint
3 4 (7.55%) BizTalk Server
3 4 (7.55%) CICS
3 4 (7.55%) Confluence
3 4 (7.55%) IIS
4 2 (3.77%) JBoss
4 2 (3.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 2 (3.77%) WildFly
5 1 (1.89%) SAS
Applications
1 7 (13.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (7.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (7.55%) Microsoft Project
2 4 (7.55%) MS Visio
3 2 (3.77%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 2 (3.77%) Amazon AWS
1 2 (3.77%) Microsoft Azure
1 2 (3.77%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 5 (9.43%) Network Security
2 4 (7.55%) SAN
3 2 (3.77%) SSL
3 2 (3.77%) TCP/IP
4 1 (1.89%) FTP
4 1 (1.89%) SNA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (45.28%) DB2
2 6 (11.32%) SQL Server
3 5 (9.43%) Blockchain
4 2 (3.77%) Apache Cassandra
4 2 (3.77%) Data Warehouse
4 2 (3.77%) MongoDB
4 2 (3.77%) NoSQL
4 2 (3.77%) Oracle Database
4 2 (3.77%) Oracle Database 11g
4 2 (3.77%) Oracle Database 12c
4 2 (3.77%) PostgreSQL
4 2 (3.77%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 4 (7.55%) GitLab
1 4 (7.55%) Jenkins
1 4 (7.55%) JIRA
2 2 (3.77%) jspm
2 2 (3.77%) Team Foundation Server
2 2 (3.77%) webpack
General
1 23 (43.40%) Finance
2 18 (33.96%) Banking
3 4 (7.55%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 8 (15.09%) DBA
2 7 (13.21%) Consultant
2 7 (13.21%) DB2 DBA
3 6 (11.32%) Project Manager
4 5 (9.43%) CyberArk Engineer
5 4 (7.55%) Analyst
5 4 (7.55%) Junior
6 3 (5.66%) Architect
6 3 (5.66%) Design Engineer
6 3 (5.66%) Developer
6 3 (5.66%) Implementation Manager
6 3 (5.66%) Implementation Project Manager
6 3 (5.66%) Junior Project Manager
6 3 (5.66%) Programmer
6 3 (5.66%) Project Implementation Manager
6 3 (5.66%) Security Engineer
6 3 (5.66%) Solutions Architect
7 2 (3.77%) React Developer
7 2 (3.77%) Systems Programmer
7 2 (3.77%) Technical Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8 (15.09%) .NET
2 7 (13.21%) ISPF
2 7 (13.21%) Middleware
3 4 (7.55%) WebSphere MQ
4 3 (5.66%) IBM Integration Bus
5 2 (3.77%) AngularJS
5 2 (3.77%) Aurelia
5 2 (3.77%) HTML5
5 2 (3.77%) Meteor
5 2 (3.77%) Node.js
5 2 (3.77%) Oracle GoldenGate
5 2 (3.77%) Polymer
5 2 (3.77%) React
5 2 (3.77%) RESTful
5 2 (3.77%) Sass
5 2 (3.77%) Semantic UI
5 2 (3.77%) Spring
5 2 (3.77%) Twitter Bootstrap
5 2 (3.77%) Vaadin
5 2 (3.77%) Web Components
Miscellaneous
1 31 (58.49%) Mainframe
2 7 (13.21%) Management Information System
3 5 (9.43%) IBM Mainframe
3 5 (9.43%) Mobile App
4 4 (7.55%) Analytical Skills
5 3 (5.66%) Replication
5 3 (5.66%) Self-Motivation
6 2 (3.77%) Greenfield Project
7 1 (1.89%) iSeries
7 1 (1.89%) LPAR
7 1 (1.89%) Public Cloud
7 1 (1.89%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 26 (49.06%) Unix
2 18 (33.96%) Windows
3 16 (30.19%) Linux
4 5 (9.43%) AIX
5 4 (7.55%) Solaris
6 3 (5.66%) MVS
7 2 (3.77%) Windows Server
8 1 (1.89%) OS/2
8 1 (1.89%) OS/390
Processes & Methodologies
1 10 (18.87%) Agile Software Development
1 10 (18.87%) Stakeholder Management
2 7 (13.21%) Identity Management
2 7 (13.21%) Performance Tuning
3 5 (9.43%) Cryptography
3 5 (9.43%) Privileged Identity Management
3 5 (9.43%) Process Improvement
4 4 (7.55%) Integration Testing
4 4 (7.55%) Kanban
4 4 (7.55%) Line Management
4 4 (7.55%) Matrix Organization
4 4 (7.55%) Programme Delivery
4 4 (7.55%) Release Management
4 4 (7.55%) System Testing
4 4 (7.55%) Technical Architecture
4 4 (7.55%) User Acceptance Testing
5 3 (5.66%) Database Tuning
5 3 (5.66%) Decision-Making
5 3 (5.66%) Non-Functional Testing
5 3 (5.66%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 10 (18.87%) Java
1 10 (18.87%) SQL
2 8 (15.09%) REXX
3 6 (11.32%) COBOL
3 6 (11.32%) JCL
4 2 (3.77%) ES6
4 2 (3.77%) ES7
4 2 (3.77%) JavaScript
4 2 (3.77%) TypeScript
4 2 (3.77%) VBA
5 1 (1.89%) Assembly Language
5 1 (1.89%) C
5 1 (1.89%) C++
5 1 (1.89%) PL/1
Qualifications
1 1 (1.89%) Degree
1 1 (1.89%) Master's Degree
1 1 (1.89%) SC Cleared
1 1 (1.89%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (5.66%) PMO
2 2 (3.77%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 2 (3.77%) SLA
3 1 (1.89%) ISO 8583
3 1 (1.89%) QA
System Software
1 11 (20.75%) RACF
2 6 (11.32%) Active Directory
2 6 (11.32%) Time Sharing Option
3 2 (3.77%) Job Entry Subsystem
4 1 (1.89%) ACF2
4 1 (1.89%) PowerHA
Systems Management
1 2 (3.77%) HP ALM
1 2 (3.77%) Single Sign-On
2 1 (1.89%) CA Endevor
2 1 (1.89%) Control-M
2 1 (1.89%) OMEGAMON
2 1 (1.89%) Tivoli NetView
Vendors
1 15 (28.30%) IBM
2 13 (24.53%) Oracle
3 11 (20.75%) Microsoft
4 6 (11.32%) BMC
4 6 (11.32%) Kofax
5 5 (9.43%) CyberArk
6 2 (3.77%) Ab Initio
6 2 (3.77%) CA
6 2 (3.77%) HP
7 1 (1.89%) Axway
7 1 (1.89%) Citrix
7 1 (1.89%) IBM Sterling
7 1 (1.89%) Planview
7 1 (1.89%) SAP
7 1 (1.89%) ServiceNow