Period
to 16 November 2018

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £470 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK > England
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 628 630 605
Rank change year-on-year +2 -25 -199
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 250 211 266
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.26% 0.22% 0.27%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.28% 0.23% 0.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 190 153 171
England median daily rate £470 £463 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.62% +15.63% -
10th Percentile £325 £314 £290
90th Percentile £638 £648 £550
UK median daily rate £470 £463 £388
% change year-on-year +1.62% +19.35% -3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 9 7
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.50 £37.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.43% +11.41% -12.35%
10th Percentile £35.00 £24.05 £28.28
90th Percentile £54.00 £51.50 £40.93
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.50 £37.38
% change year-on-year +8.43% +11.04% -12.06%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 90,002 89,794 93,514
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.72% 94.90% 94.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,135 59,792 61,540
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £256
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £448 £425
% change year-on-year +0.56% +5.29% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,774 2,664 3,027
England median hourly rate £18.28 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.23% +3.89% +1.21%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.93 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.68 £46.75
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £18.00
% change year-on-year -3.74% +3.89% -

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in England

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Programmer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Programmer in England

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Programmer in England

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Programmer in England

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Programmer in England

Programmer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the England region over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +42 153 £560 +7.95% 38
South East 0 29 £435 +2.35% 40
North of England -13 24 £450 +16.13% 40
Midlands -8 20 £435 +8.75% 72
West Midlands -10 19 £435 +2.35% 42
East of England +11 15 £350 +7.69% 29
Yorkshire -5 10 £350 -9.68% 12
South West -28 10 £410 -3.53% 23
North West -19 8 £575 +35.29% 23
North East +2 6 £423 +20.71% 5
East Midlands +2 1 - - 30
Programmer
UK

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 68 (27.20%) Agile Software Development
2 61 (24.40%) Java
3 54 (21.60%) C#
4 51 (20.40%) Python
5 48 (19.20%) SQL
6 47 (18.80%) .NET
7 34 (13.60%) JavaScript
8 32 (12.80%) Microservices
8 32 (12.80%) Finance
9 30 (12.00%) Software Engineering
9 30 (12.00%) Spring
10 28 (11.20%) TDD
11 27 (10.80%) WPF
12 26 (10.40%) HTML
12 26 (10.40%) Scrum
13 24 (9.60%) DevOps
14 23 (9.20%) C++
15 22 (8.80%) Spring Boot
15 22 (8.80%) Scala
16 21 (8.40%) REST
16 21 (8.40%) SQL Server
16 21 (8.40%) Unix
17 19 (7.60%) Relational Database
17 19 (7.60%) Git (software)
18 18 (7.20%) AngularJS
18 18 (7.20%) CSS
19 17 (6.80%) Banking
19 17 (6.80%) Problem-Solving
20 16 (6.40%) NoSQL
20 16 (6.40%) Play Framework

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (6.40%) WebSphere
2 6 (2.40%) SAS
3 4 (1.60%) Apache
3 4 (1.60%) CICS
3 4 (1.60%) Tomcat
4 3 (1.20%) Confluence
4 3 (1.20%) IIS
5 2 (0.80%) Elasticsearch
5 2 (0.80%) JBoss
5 2 (0.80%) LiveCycle
5 2 (0.80%) WebSphere Application Server
6 1 (0.40%) Anypoint
6 1 (0.40%) CMS
6 1 (0.40%) Moodle
6 1 (0.40%) Mule
6 1 (0.40%) nginx
6 1 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 1 (0.40%) Oracle Workflow
6 1 (0.40%) Umbraco
6 1 (0.40%) WordPress
Applications
1 11 (4.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (2.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (1.20%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.40%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (2.00%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (1.20%) Endur
2 3 (1.20%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.40%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.40%) Oracle EBS R12
3 1 (0.40%) Oracle Financials
3 1 (0.40%) Oracle General Ledger
3 1 (0.40%) Oracle Receivables
3 1 (0.40%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.40%) ScheduALL
Cloud Services
1 10 (4.00%) GitHub
2 8 (3.20%) Microsoft Azure
3 6 (2.40%) Azure Data Factory
4 5 (2.00%) Dynamics 365
5 4 (1.60%) Google Analytics
6 3 (1.20%) Slack
7 2 (0.80%) Amazon AWS
7 2 (0.80%) Serverless
8 1 (0.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 1 (0.40%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (0.40%) Google Cloud Platform
8 1 (0.40%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 5 (2.00%) SSL
1 5 (2.00%) TCP/IP
2 4 (1.60%) APPN
2 4 (1.60%) Firewall
2 4 (1.60%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
2 4 (1.60%) SNA
2 4 (1.60%) Wireshark
3 3 (1.20%) HTTP
3 3 (1.20%) Skype
3 3 (1.20%) SMTP
3 3 (1.20%) SNMP
4 2 (0.80%) FTP
4 2 (0.80%) Internet
4 2 (0.80%) Intranet
4 2 (0.80%) OSPF
4 2 (0.80%) SMS
4 2 (0.80%) Telnet
5 1 (0.40%) Bluetooth
5 1 (0.40%) Broadband
5 1 (0.40%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (8.40%) SQL Server
2 19 (7.60%) Relational Database
3 16 (6.40%) NoSQL
4 13 (5.20%) MongoDB
5 12 (4.80%) Big Data
6 9 (3.60%) PostgreSQL
7 7 (2.80%) DB2
8 6 (2.40%) BusinessObjects
8 6 (2.40%) MySQL
8 6 (2.40%) Spotfire
9 5 (2.00%) Azure SQL Database
9 5 (2.00%) Oracle Database
10 4 (1.60%) Apache Cassandra
11 3 (1.20%) Aerospike
11 3 (1.20%) Data Warehouse
11 3 (1.20%) Oracle Reports
11 3 (1.20%) RDBMS
11 3 (1.20%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 2 (0.80%) IBM InfoSphere
12 2 (0.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 19 (7.60%) Git (software)
2 9 (3.60%) Cucumber
3 8 (3.20%) Jenkins
4 7 (2.80%) gulp
4 7 (2.80%) IntelliJ
5 6 (2.40%) Visual Studio
6 5 (2.00%) Eclipse
6 5 (2.00%) Maven
7 4 (1.60%) Gatling
7 4 (1.60%) JIRA
7 4 (1.60%) Selenium
7 4 (1.60%) Sublime Text
8 3 (1.20%) Artifactory
8 3 (1.20%) Grunt
8 3 (1.20%) JUnit
8 3 (1.20%) Visual Studio Code
8 3 (1.20%) WebDriver
9 2 (0.80%) Gradle
9 2 (0.80%) NetBeans
10 1 (0.40%) SpecFlow
General
1 32 (12.80%) Finance
2 17 (6.80%) Banking
3 8 (3.20%) Pharmaceutical
4 7 (2.80%) Games
5 5 (2.00%) Publishing
6 4 (1.60%) Back Office
6 4 (1.60%) Legal
7 3 (1.20%) Retail
7 3 (1.20%) Telecoms
8 2 (0.80%) French Language
8 2 (0.80%) Front Office
8 2 (0.80%) Investment Banking
8 2 (0.80%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.40%) Electronics
9 1 (0.40%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.40%) General Ledger
9 1 (0.40%) Law
9 1 (0.40%) Local Government
9 1 (0.40%) Marketing
9 1 (0.40%) Multimedia
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (18.80%) .NET
2 30 (12.00%) Spring
3 27 (10.80%) WPF
4 26 (10.40%) HTML
5 22 (8.80%) Spring Boot
6 21 (8.40%) REST
7 18 (7.20%) AngularJS
7 18 (7.20%) CSS
8 16 (6.40%) Play Framework
9 14 (5.60%) Boost C++ Libraries
9 14 (5.60%) HTML5
10 11 (4.40%) Node.js
11 10 (4.00%) ASP.NET
11 10 (4.00%) XML
12 8 (3.20%) jQuery
13 6 (2.40%) JSON
13 6 (2.40%) Sass
13 6 (2.40%) Unity (Game Engine)
13 6 (2.40%) Vue.js
14 5 (2.00%) JSON Schema
Miscellaneous
1 15 (6.00%) Mainframe
2 14 (5.60%) Derivative
3 10 (4.00%) Computer Science
4 8 (3.20%) Analytical Skills
4 8 (3.20%) AS400
4 8 (3.20%) iSeries
5 7 (2.80%) Greenfield Project
6 6 (2.40%) Private Cloud
7 5 (2.00%) Fixed Income
7 5 (2.00%) FMCG
8 3 (1.20%) 3D Graphics
8 3 (1.20%) Fintech
8 3 (1.20%) IBM Mainframe
9 2 (0.80%) Clustering
9 2 (0.80%) Credit Derivative
9 2 (0.80%) Life Science
9 2 (0.80%) Linux Command Line
9 2 (0.80%) PACS
9 2 (0.80%) Reinsurance
9 2 (0.80%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 21 (8.40%) Unix
2 13 (5.20%) Linux
3 10 (4.00%) zOS
4 6 (2.40%) Windows
5 3 (1.20%) Mac OS
6 2 (0.80%) Android
7 1 (0.40%) OpenVMS
7 1 (0.40%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.40%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 68 (27.20%) Agile Software Development
2 32 (12.80%) Microservices
3 30 (12.00%) Software Engineering
4 28 (11.20%) TDD
5 26 (10.40%) Scrum
6 24 (9.60%) DevOps
7 17 (6.80%) Problem-Solving
8 16 (6.40%) Continuous Integration
9 15 (6.00%) Service Delivery
10 11 (4.40%) E-Commerce
10 11 (4.40%) Mathematics
10 11 (4.40%) MVC
10 11 (4.40%) Test Automation
11 10 (4.00%) Project Management
11 10 (4.00%) SDLC
12 9 (3.60%) Deployment Automation
13 8 (3.20%) Pair Programming
13 8 (3.20%) Validation
14 7 (2.80%) Artificial Intelligence
14 7 (2.80%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 61 (24.40%) Java
2 54 (21.60%) C#
3 51 (20.40%) Python
4 48 (19.20%) SQL
5 34 (13.60%) JavaScript
6 23 (9.20%) C++
7 22 (8.80%) Scala
8 15 (6.00%) RPG
9 13 (5.20%) Java 8
10 10 (4.00%) PHP
11 8 (3.20%) C
11 8 (3.20%) RPG IV
12 7 (2.80%) Go
13 6 (2.40%) Bash Shell
13 6 (2.40%) Haskell
13 6 (2.40%) Perl
14 5 (2.00%) Groovy
14 5 (2.00%) JCL
14 5 (2.00%) PL/SQL
14 5 (2.00%) VBA
Qualifications
1 13 (5.20%) Security Cleared
2 10 (4.00%) SC Cleared
3 9 (3.60%) Degree
4 2 (0.80%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.40%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (2.40%) CDISC
2 4 (1.60%) QA
3 1 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.40%) GDPR
3 1 (0.40%) PMO
System Software
1 10 (4.00%) Docker
2 4 (1.60%) RACF
3 3 (1.20%) ACF2
4 1 (0.40%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.40%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.40%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 5 (2.00%) Grafana
1 5 (2.00%) Kibana
1 5 (2.00%) Kubernetes
2 4 (1.60%) Graphite
3 2 (0.80%) Ansible
3 2 (0.80%) Puppet
4 1 (0.40%) Mesos
4 1 (0.40%) Nagios
4 1 (0.40%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.40%) Salt
4 1 (0.40%) StatsD
4 1 (0.40%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 13 (5.20%) Oracle
2 10 (4.00%) IBM
2 10 (4.00%) Microsoft
3 8 (3.20%) CyberArk
4 7 (2.80%) Splunk
4 7 (2.80%) Tableau
5 6 (2.40%) Cognos
6 5 (2.00%) Google
7 3 (1.20%) Cisco
7 3 (1.20%) JD Edwards
7 3 (1.20%) SAP
8 2 (0.80%) Adobe
8 2 (0.80%) Borland
8 2 (0.80%) CA
8 2 (0.80%) ServiceNow
8 2 (0.80%) Syncsort
9 1 (0.40%) Altera
9 1 (0.40%) DevExpress
9 1 (0.40%) Lattice Semiconductor
9 1 (0.40%) New Relic