Period
to 16 August 2018

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies in England during the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK > England
6 months to
16 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 643 552 571
Rank change year-on-year -91 +19 -160
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 236 267 326
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.25% 0.30% 0.32%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.27% 0.32% 0.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 153 197 222
England median daily rate £450 £463 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.70% +15.63% +10.34%
10th Percentile £320 £313 £296
90th Percentile £638 £605 £550
UK median daily rate £450 £455 £393
% change year-on-year -1.10% +15.92% +8.28%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 10 7
England median hourly rate £45.00 £41.50 £34.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.43% +22.06% -15.00%
10th Percentile £26.50 £25.15 £20.62
90th Percentile £51.50 £68.25 £44.35
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £41.50 £34.00
% change year-on-year -0.60% +22.06% -15.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
England
Contract vacancies in England with a recognized job title 88,572 83,773 95,886
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.83% 94.98% 95.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,626 54,843 63,245
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £258
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,824 2,552 2,824
England median hourly rate £18.50 £18.50 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -2.63% +6.92%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.75 £10.42
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.75 £46.00
UK median hourly rate £17.88 £18.70 £19.00
% change year-on-year -4.39% -1.58% +6.38%

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in England

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Programmer in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Programmer in England

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer in England over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Programmer in England

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Programmer in England

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer in England over the 6 months to 16 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Programmer in England

Programmer
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the England region over the 6 months to 16 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 137 £513 +7.89% 27
South East -25 42 £408 -1.21% 43
South West -3 15 £410 -3.53% 13
Midlands -15 15 £375 -6.25% 47
North of England -11 14 £563 +32.35% 35
East of England -6 10 £363 +9.43% 24
North West -11 10 £575 +27.07% 12
East Midlands +5 9 £450 +38.46% 21
West Midlands -38 5 £375 -11.76% 26
Yorkshire -16 3 £550 +23.94% 19
North East -10 1 £353 +0.71% 4
Programmer
UK

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 16 August 2018, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 76 (32.20%) Java
1 76 (32.20%) Agile Software Development
2 62 (26.27%) C#
3 53 (22.46%) SQL
4 51 (21.61%) JavaScript
5 45 (19.07%) .NET
6 41 (17.37%) Software Engineering
7 38 (16.10%) AngularJS
8 36 (15.25%) Finance
8 36 (15.25%) Python
9 35 (14.83%) HTML
10 34 (14.41%) Scrum
11 32 (13.56%) Spring
11 32 (13.56%) Big Data
12 31 (13.14%) Problem-Solving
13 26 (11.02%) NoSQL
14 25 (10.59%) Linux
15 24 (10.17%) Relational Database
16 23 (9.75%) Spring Boot
17 21 (8.90%) E-Commerce
17 21 (8.90%) CSS
18 20 (8.47%) Banking
18 20 (8.47%) WPF
18 20 (8.47%) HTML5
19 19 (8.05%) MVC
19 19 (8.05%) Microsoft Excel
20 18 (7.63%) Unix
20 18 (7.63%) MongoDB
20 18 (7.63%) Visualisation
21 17 (7.20%) Data Visualisation

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (3.39%) SAS
2 4 (1.69%) IIS
2 4 (1.69%) Tomcat
3 3 (1.27%) Apache
3 3 (1.27%) Apache Spark
3 3 (1.27%) JBoss
3 3 (1.27%) WebSphere
4 2 (0.85%) CICS
4 2 (0.85%) CMS
4 2 (0.85%) Confluence
4 2 (0.85%) LiveCycle
4 2 (0.85%) nginx
4 2 (0.85%) SharePoint
5 1 (0.42%) Mule
5 1 (0.42%) OpenEdge
5 1 (0.42%) Oracle Coherence
5 1 (0.42%) Oracle Workflow
5 1 (0.42%) Umbraco
5 1 (0.42%) WebLogic
5 1 (0.42%) WordPress
Applications
1 19 (8.05%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (3.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (2.12%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.85%) S-PLUS
5 1 (0.42%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (2.12%) Temenos Globus
1 5 (2.12%) Temenos T24
2 2 (0.85%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.42%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.42%) Oracle EBS R12
3 1 (0.42%) Oracle Financials
3 1 (0.42%) Oracle General Ledger
3 1 (0.42%) Oracle Receivables
3 1 (0.42%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.42%) ScheduALL
Cloud Services
1 9 (3.81%) GitHub
2 7 (2.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 3 (1.27%) Amazon AWS
4 2 (0.85%) Google Analytics
4 2 (0.85%) Serverless
5 1 (0.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 1 (0.42%) Azure Data Factory
5 1 (0.42%) Cloud Computing
5 1 (0.42%) Dynamics 365
5 1 (0.42%) Google Cloud Platform
5 1 (0.42%) IBM Cloud
5 1 (0.42%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.54%) SSL
1 6 (2.54%) TCP/IP
1 6 (2.54%) Wireshark
2 4 (1.69%) APPN
2 4 (1.69%) Firewall
2 4 (1.69%) FTP
2 4 (1.69%) HTTP
2 4 (1.69%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
2 4 (1.69%) SNA
2 4 (1.69%) SNMP
3 3 (1.27%) Internet
4 2 (0.85%) HTTPS
4 2 (0.85%) Intranet
4 2 (0.85%) OSPF
4 2 (0.85%) SMS
4 2 (0.85%) SMTP
4 2 (0.85%) Telnet
5 1 (0.42%) Bluetooth
5 1 (0.42%) Broadband
5 1 (0.42%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (13.56%) Big Data
2 26 (11.02%) NoSQL
3 24 (10.17%) Relational Database
4 18 (7.63%) MongoDB
5 15 (6.36%) SQL Server
6 11 (4.66%) BusinessObjects
7 9 (3.81%) MySQL
7 9 (3.81%) Spotfire
8 8 (3.39%) Data Warehouse
8 8 (3.39%) PostgreSQL
9 6 (2.54%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 5 (2.12%) Apache Cassandra
10 5 (2.12%) Oracle Database
10 5 (2.12%) Oracle Reports
10 5 (2.12%) Redis
11 4 (1.69%) Hadoop
11 4 (1.69%) SQL Server 2012
11 4 (1.69%) SQL Server 2014
12 3 (1.27%) Crystal Reports
12 3 (1.27%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 17 (7.20%) Git (software)
2 12 (5.08%) JIRA
3 9 (3.81%) Cucumber
3 9 (3.81%) JUnit
4 8 (3.39%) Jenkins
5 6 (2.54%) Eclipse
5 6 (2.54%) IntelliJ
5 6 (2.54%) Maven
6 5 (2.12%) Visual Studio
7 4 (1.69%) Gradle
7 4 (1.69%) Grunt
7 4 (1.69%) gulp
7 4 (1.69%) ProC
8 3 (1.27%) JSUnit
8 3 (1.27%) RStudio
8 3 (1.27%) Selenium
8 3 (1.27%) Visual Studio Team System
9 2 (0.85%) NetBeans
9 2 (0.85%) Subversion
9 2 (0.85%) TeamCity
General
1 36 (15.25%) Finance
2 20 (8.47%) Banking
3 12 (5.08%) Pharmaceutical
4 5 (2.12%) Back Office
4 5 (2.12%) Games
5 4 (1.69%) Investment Banking
5 4 (1.69%) Legal
6 2 (0.85%) French Language
6 2 (0.85%) Front Office
6 2 (0.85%) General Ledger
6 2 (0.85%) Law
6 2 (0.85%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.42%) Aerospace
7 1 (0.42%) Electronics
7 1 (0.42%) Local Government
7 1 (0.42%) Marketing
7 1 (0.42%) Multimedia
7 1 (0.42%) Retail
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (19.07%) .NET
2 38 (16.10%) AngularJS
3 35 (14.83%) HTML
4 32 (13.56%) Spring
5 23 (9.75%) Spring Boot
6 21 (8.90%) CSS
7 20 (8.47%) HTML5
7 20 (8.47%) WPF
8 15 (6.36%) ASP.NET
8 15 (6.36%) REST
9 14 (5.93%) jQuery
10 12 (5.08%) Node.js
11 11 (4.66%) ASP.NET MVC
11 11 (4.66%) Kafka
11 11 (4.66%) XML
12 9 (3.81%) JSON
12 9 (3.81%) Web Services
13 8 (3.39%) .NET Framework
13 8 (3.39%) Vue.js
14 6 (2.54%) React
Miscellaneous
1 17 (7.20%) Analytical Skills
2 11 (4.66%) Computer Science
3 9 (3.81%) Hedge funds
3 9 (3.81%) Mainframe
4 8 (3.39%) FMCG
5 7 (2.97%) Greenfield Project
6 4 (1.69%) 3D Graphics
6 4 (1.69%) Fintech
6 4 (1.69%) NHS
7 3 (1.27%) AS400
7 3 (1.27%) Data Structures
7 3 (1.27%) Derivative
7 3 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (0.85%) Credit Derivative
8 2 (0.85%) IBM Mainframe
8 2 (0.85%) iSeries
8 2 (0.85%) User Experience
9 1 (0.42%) BBC
9 1 (0.42%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
9 1 (0.42%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 25 (10.59%) Linux
2 18 (7.63%) Unix
3 7 (2.97%) zOS
4 6 (2.54%) Windows
5 4 (1.69%) Android
6 3 (1.27%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.85%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.85%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.85%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.42%) Nucleus RTOS
8 1 (0.42%) OpenVMS
8 1 (0.42%) VxWorks
8 1 (0.42%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.42%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 76 (32.20%) Agile Software Development
2 41 (17.37%) Software Engineering
3 34 (14.41%) Scrum
4 31 (13.14%) Problem-Solving
5 21 (8.90%) E-Commerce
6 19 (8.05%) MVC
7 18 (7.63%) Visualisation
8 17 (7.20%) Data Visualisation
8 17 (7.20%) Project Management
8 17 (7.20%) TDD
9 15 (6.36%) Analytics
10 14 (5.93%) Continuous Integration
11 12 (5.08%) Asset Management
11 12 (5.08%) Mathematics
11 12 (5.08%) Microservices
12 11 (4.66%) SDLC
13 10 (4.24%) Front End Development
13 10 (4.24%) Web Development
14 9 (3.81%) DevOps
14 9 (3.81%) Translating Business Requirements
Programming Languages
1 76 (32.20%) Java
2 62 (26.27%) C#
3 53 (22.46%) SQL
4 51 (21.61%) JavaScript
5 36 (15.25%) Python
6 16 (6.78%) PHP
7 13 (5.51%) C++
8 11 (4.66%) PL/SQL
9 10 (4.24%) C
9 10 (4.24%) RPG
10 9 (3.81%) Java 8
11 7 (2.97%) VBA
12 6 (2.54%) R
12 6 (2.54%) Ruby
12 6 (2.54%) Scala
13 5 (2.12%) Perl
13 5 (2.12%) TypeScript
14 4 (1.69%) Go
14 4 (1.69%) Groovy
14 4 (1.69%) JCL
Qualifications
1 14 (5.93%) Security Cleared
2 13 (5.51%) SC Cleared
3 8 (3.39%) Degree
4 1 (0.42%) CFA
4 1 (0.42%) Computer Science Degree
4 1 (0.42%) CTC Cleared
4 1 (0.42%) Master's Degree
4 1 (0.42%) MBA
4 1 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
4 1 (0.42%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (3.81%) CDISC
2 7 (2.97%) Data Quality
3 4 (1.69%) QA
4 2 (0.85%) GCP
5 1 (0.42%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.42%) EMIR
System Software
1 13 (5.51%) Docker
2 3 (1.27%) HDFS
3 2 (0.85%) ACF2
3 2 (0.85%) RACF
4 1 (0.42%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.42%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 5 (2.12%) Kubernetes
2 4 (1.69%) Kibana
2 4 (1.69%) Puppet
3 3 (1.27%) Grafana
4 2 (0.85%) Ansible
5 1 (0.42%) Graphite
5 1 (0.42%) HP ALM
5 1 (0.42%) Mesos
5 1 (0.42%) Nagios
5 1 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (0.42%) Packer
5 1 (0.42%) Salt
5 1 (0.42%) StatsD
5 1 (0.42%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 15 (6.36%) Microsoft
2 14 (5.93%) Oracle
3 11 (4.66%) Cognos
4 10 (4.24%) IBM
5 9 (3.81%) Tableau
6 6 (2.54%) jBASE
6 6 (2.54%) SAP
7 5 (2.12%) Temenos
8 3 (1.27%) Adobe
8 3 (1.27%) Cisco
8 3 (1.27%) Google
8 3 (1.27%) Remedy
9 2 (0.85%) Atlassian
9 2 (0.85%) CA
9 2 (0.85%) MicroStrategy
9 2 (0.85%) Unisys
10 1 (0.42%) BMC
10 1 (0.42%) HP
10 1 (0.42%) Informatica
10 1 (0.42%) Progress